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cleworth architectural legacy presents:

Architectural

“Awareness”

Te a c h e r ’ s A p p e n d i x t o t h e A c t i v i t i e s W o r k b o o k

Drawings by James “JR” Ronczy

B y S a r a h P o n k o , J a m e s “ J R ” R o n c z y, a n d T i m T h o m a s

The Denver Square Home, circa 1890 - present. Presented by:

copyright 2011


The Denver Architectural Foundation gratefully thanks the following individuals and organizations for their outstanding generosity: Sheila & Monty Cleworth John & Bette Rogers Tyrone Holt BCER Engineering William Dingus G.A. Fehlberg GHP Horvath Levey HDR Architecture Merrick & Company Tyler & Jill Moore family Cynthia Nagel Perry C. Peine Renfro Design Group Sandridge Operating Company Betty Thomas family Xcel Energy

For more information, Contact:

The Denver Architectural Foundation www.denverarchitecture.org

or Tim Thomas, Program Manager CAL Project copyright 2011


Table of Contents Page

Learning to Draw a Plan, a Section, and an Elevation: Man’s Best Friend Needs a House

2&3

Learning to Draw and Read Architectural Drawings: The “Denver Square” House Elevation

4

Learning to Draw and Read Architectural Drawings: The “Denver Square” House Section

5

Learning to Draw and Read Architectural Drawings: The “Denver Square” House Plan The “Denver Square” 2nd Floor Plan

6&7

The Shape of Architecture: Colorado State Capitol Building

8

The Shape of Architecture: The Denver Public Library

9

Indigenous Architecture: The Architecture of Ordinary Peoples

10

cleworth architectural legacy

Architectural ”Awareness” Teacher’s Appendix to the Activities Workbook

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architectural

awareness

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appendix


cleworth architectural legacy

teacher’s appendix RAILING LIVING ROOM

FRONT PORCH FRONT DOOR LOG WALLS

PLAN SLOPED ROOF FRONT DOOR

LIVING ROOM

RAILING FRONT PORCH FLOOR JOISTS

LONGITUDINAL SECTION ROOF RIDGE LINE SLOPED ROOF LOG WALLS RAILING

SIDE ELEVATION ROOF RIDGE LINE SLOPED ROOF LOG WALLS FRONT DOOR RAILING

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FRONT ELEVATION architectural

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Ma n‛ s B est Fri en d Need s a H ou se

teacher’s appendix

TION, and ELEVATION for it in the space below.

If the space provided on the workbook sheet is not adequate, have students complete this activity in their sketchbooks. Plans show the location of the building on the property, the size of the building, the location of door and windows, how the building functions, and much more.

House Plan A “Longitudinal” section is one that cuts through the longest axis (or “centerline”) of a building. Students can draw this or they can draw a “Cross” section, which cuts through a narrower portion of the building. Both are used regularly by Architects to show the massing of a structure, the interior elevations, and materials used for construction. House Section

Answers will vary.

Fido loves his new home. His best friend, Spot, would like to have an identical home for himself. Help Fido make the drawings needed for Spot p to recreate this doghouse. g

“Front” and “Side” elevations are normally shown on architectural drawings. Typically there is an elevation drawn for each side of a building. These elevations show exterior materials, building height, window and door locations, as well as relationships to site features or nearby buildings.

House Elevation

Just as we identified and labeled the parts of a fruit or vegetable in the previous activity, label the parts of the Fido‛s doghouse above. Remember to show textures and colors for each part of the house. I m a g i n e t h i s : Besides a warm house, what else does a dog wantt in a home? Perhaps food dishes, a soft bed, and toys. Anything else? copyright 2011

architectural

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cleworth architectural legacy

Look at the Doghouse in the picture below. Draw the h PLAN, SECE

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The “Den ver Sq uare” H o use Ele v a t i o n

Un-jumble l the h words below the home‛s elevation. Use these to label the unidentified architectural elements. DORMER

R o of Ea ve CHIMNEY

WINDOW SHUTTER GUTTER

D owns p o u t HIPPED COLUMN LINTEL TRANSOM RAILING Frr ont D o orr

Drawings by James “JR” Ronczy

cleworth architectural legacy

teacher’s appendix

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M R E D R O L M N U C O T R S H U T E L N T E I L L I G N A I R architectural

DO R _ M _E R _ O L U_M_ N_ C_ S_ H_ U_ T_ T_ ER _ _ IN T_ E_ L _L _ __ R I L _A _ _ _ I_ N _G _ awareness

I M N H C Y E R T T U E G E P D I H P O M S R T N A W O I D W N

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appendix

C N _E _Y _H _I _M _ _ G T _E _R _U _T _ _ H I_ P P_ E_ D _ _ _ T _ R_ A_ N _S _O _M _ W _ _I N _D _O _W _ copyright 2011


teacher’s appendix

ROOF TRUSS

R OO F

ATT I C

BASEBOARD

E A V E

SECOND FL O O R

F lo o r B o ard s

F IR S T F L OO R

J OI S T

BASE ME N T C ON C R E T E Fra mi n g Fou n d a t i o n

N C C O R E E T S M E N B T E A N S D O E C E B S B A A D O R F O R O S U R T S copyright 2011

C_ R_ E_ TE CON __ B _A _ S E_ M _E _N_T S_ E_ C_ O_ N D __ B_ A _S _E _B _O _ _A _R _D R_ O F _ T_ R_ U _S _S _O _ _

architectural

R L O F O T C I A T I O S T J E E V A O O R F

awareness

teacher ’s

F_ L_ O _O _ _R A T_ I_ C _T __ J I_ S_ T _O __ E_ A E _V _ _ R_ O _O _ _F appendix

cleworth architectural legacy

Un-jumble the words below the home‛s section. Use these h to label the unidentified architectural elements.

Drawings by James “JR” Ronczy

Th e “ D e nver Sq u ar e” House S e ct i o n

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The “Denver S qua re” H o use 2n d Floo r P la n

PANTRY ROOF BEDROOM

BEDROOM

BATHROOM

S TA IRS

BEDROOM

BEDROOM

Drawings by James “JR” Ronczy

cleworth architectural legacy

teacher’s appendix

6

PORCH ROOF

The 2nd floor plans completed by the students may vary significantly from one to the next, as students will utilize different combinations of bedrooms, bathrooms, and dens. The plan above shows 4 small bedrooms and 1 small bathroom. There may be plans with no bathroom for a house built before indoor plumbing. A student may show three bedrooms and a large corner bathroom. A room without a closet can be considered a Den or Study. Varying designs are correct and feasible. It is important to align the stairs and some walls between the 1st and 2nd floors. Walls which are aligned between floors can be assumed to be structural walls, running from the basement level to the roof to support the structure. Showing the porch roof, and one for the pantry helps viewers understand the plan. Encourage students to add furniture and floor materials to their floor plans. It is even possible to add a 2nd floor balcony. architectural

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Th e “ D e nver Sq u ar e” House Pl an

teacher’s appendix

Win d ow

D OOR

om D I N I N G R oo

K I TC H EN

S T AIR S

FIREPLACE

CL O S ET

Liv in g R oo m

F O Y ER Fr ont PO RC H

Til e

Railing

H a r dw ood

CO L UM N

E C T H I K N S T E C O L I N D I G N R I E F C E A L P O L U C N M copyright 2011

Ca rpet

K _I T C_ H _E _N C_ L O _ S_ ET D_ I_ N G _I _N __ R_ E_ P L C_ E _F _I _ _A __ C_O_ L_ U_ M N __ architectural

Y R R A O

F O R E C H O P T I A S S Y R T N P D R O

awareness

F Y_ E_ R _O __ P_ O _R _C _H _ S A_ I_ R_ S _T __ P_ A_ N T_ R_ Y __ D_ O R _O _ _

teacher ’s

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Drawings by James “JR” Ronczy

P A NTRY

cleworth architectural legacy

Un-jumble the words below the home‛s plan. l Use these h to label the unidentified architectural elements.

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Colora do S tate C a p i t o l B u i ld i n g

Locate and d trace over an example of each shape listed that can be seen in the images below. Answers will vary.

HEMI-SPHERE

Tria n gle

C y li n d e r

CIRCLE

SEMI-CIRCLE ARC SPHERE

Photos by James “JR” Ronczy

cleworth architectural legacy

teacher’s appendix

RECTANGULAR PRISM

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CUBE

Fi n d t h e s e Tw o- D ime ns ional Geometries :

C i r c le T r i a n gle Arc

R e c t a ngle S e mi - Cir cle

F i n d t h e s e Thr e e - D ime ns ional Geometries :

Sphere C y li n d er Cube He mi -Spher e R ec t a n gu la r P r i sm

RECTANGLE

Teachers, there are other responses that may also be correct, so review alternatives for accuracy. architectural

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Th e D e n v er Pub l ic Libra ry

teacher’s appendix

Rectangle

RECTANGULAR PRISM

TRIANGLE

SQUARE

PYRAMID

Photos by James “JR” Ronczy

Pyrr a m i d

CYLINDER

Find th ese Two-Dimensional Geometries :

CUBE

copyright 2011

Tria n gle Sq u a r e

R ect a ngle

Find th ese Th ree-Dimensional Geometries :

Cylinder P yr a m id R ect a n gu la r P r ism Cu be

Have the students find as many of each geometry as they can. Here are just a few. Teachers, there are other responses that may also be correct, so review alternatives for accuracy. architectural

awareness

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cleworth architectural legacy

Locate and trace over an example of each h shape h llisted d that can be seen in the images below. Answers will vary.

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The Arc hitectur e o f O rdinary P e o p l e

Drawings by James “JR” Ronczy

cleworth architectural legacy

teacher’s appendix

Place l the h proper lletter and number in the spaces provided that match the indigenous architecture of the noted continents with the architectural and cultural descriptions below.

Asia

Oceania/ Australia

Asia

Africa

North America

E ___ 3 ___

A ___ 5 ___

C ___ 1 ___

D ___ 4 ___

B ___ 2 ___

1. Sampans p

These flat bottomed wood boats served as the home, work p place, and a mode of transportap tion for inland and coastal fishing people

2. Cliff Dwellings g

These sandstone houses were p plastered with adobe and built into shallow caves and alcoves of canyon walls by y Southwestern Native American farmer tribes

3. Yurt

These p portable, wool felt-covered, round dwellings were used by y nomadic peoples in the Steppes region

4. Stone & Mud Huts

These round, g grass-roofed houses are common to the farmer-herder peoples p p living g in the southern hemisphere grassland regions

5. Tree Houses

Using g the wood from the dense surrounding g forest, these raised shelters elevate the clans of hunter-gatherers g high g above the ground, g away from insects, and p predators of the Papua in the Pacific Ocean regions

A. Korowai & Kombai

These “tree dwellers” live in the tropical p forests in the southwestern portion of New Guinea

B. Anasazi

Agrarian g ancestors to the Pueblo Indians living in or near the New Mexico region, USA

C. Han

A Chinese p population p that includes many y who depend p upon p fishing g as their main food source and livelihood. These p people p live entirely on the water

D. Swazi

One of many y pastoral p farming g tribes located in a landlocked region g surrounded by South Africa and Mozambique

E. Mongols g

Tribe of migrant g herdsmen living g on the grassy plains of Mongolia g and bordering regions of China and Russia

10 architectural

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Architectural Awareness Teachers Appendix  

A teachers appendix to our Architectural Awareness publication

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