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WORKING CLASS HERO The Ilva Case

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WORKING CLASS HERO

The Ilva Case

Politecnico di Milano Scuola del design / Design della comunicazione Density 8.0 Luca D’Onofrio Pietro Guinea Montalvo Mariangela Labranca Giovanni Magni Carolina Mauri


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Index

Chapter 1: The Ilva case Introduction Understanding the controversy Designing the research protocol

/6 /8 /10

Chapter 2: The protocol Introduction Shaping the corpus Indexing the corpus The corpus’ net Finding net allies Semanticaly speaking Actor’s profiling

/14 /16 /20 /22 /24 /26 /30

Chapter 3: The focus Exploding the web Reading the news User based websites What do the users care for? Final comparison

/34 /36 /48 /56 /60

Chapter 4: Concluding

3


4


Chapter 1

The Ilva case

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The Ilva case / Introduction

Introduction

Analyzing Ilva’s pollution debate

Climate Change is, now more than

To understand some of this choice, as

started and on the 27th of September

by political and social parties world-

during the execution of this protocol,

the right to work. In November the

ever, one of the most discussed themes wide. In fact the pollution problem, and its search for solutions, always

sparks a controversy that has an important weight in society.

In a moment like this, where glob-

ally the western societies are living an economic downturn, a question that

many heads of state are facing is: are we able to sustain an investment in

clean energy? And do the governments even care about the pollution made by

the forced production of our economy? Should we worry about our health more than our jobs or economy?

This significant macro-topic led us to

question and analyze one of the biggest

Italian piece of news of this year: the Ilva crisis.

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well as the actors and events analyzed we might have to report the crucial events of Ilva’s story.

In December 2008 the Regione Puglia

approved a regional law against dioxin pollution putting a limit to infectious production. After some months the

same political party decided to tweak

this regulation giving more time to the factories to adapt. Meanwhile Nicola Riva became president of the Ilva.

On July 26th 2012 a court order was

called for the partial shutdown and

seize of the Taranto’s steel plant by the

Gip Patrizia Todisco; ten days later this order was performed and members of Riva Group board were arrested.

The closing of the factory caused a medial and political fight. Strikes

a 48 hours strike took place defending workers occupied the management but

the following day a tornado hit Taranto destroying the plant and silencing this controversy.

Since the early stages the public and political opinion split into different sides; everyone was pulling its own

arguments to conclude what was the

nature of the problem: was it a health problem? An environmental one? An economic dispute? Maybe a work related issue?


ECONOMY

EMPLOYMENT

ILVA CASE

ENVIRONMENT

HEALTH

7


The Ilva case / Understading the controversy

Understanding the controversy Finding the true core of the issue

At the beginning of the project the first

If the steel plant continues at it is lives

first qualitative and historical analysis,

economy; if the contrary happens, the

question to come out, that leads the has to be “What happened?”

Understanding the facts helped us

figuring which were the main disputes along with who were the actors. The

clearest debates were those between: - Courthouses and workers

- government and people’s associations - healthcare and right-to-work.

All these were, more or less directly,

prone to one single and practical choice that had to be made: keep the Ilva steel plant open or close it.

This led to an issue that has been well

expressed by the Italian comedian and

politician Beppe Grillo that said: “Meglio morire di fame o di tumore?” that

means ‘Is it better to die of starvation or die for cancer?’

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will be lost in favor of work and a better Ilva closes, thousands of workers would lose their jobs and would have serious problems sustaining their families. Later in the protocol we decided to

focus on this particular micro-controversy to better understand how the

choice between health and jobs was discussed.


ILVA CASE

Second Debate

First Debate

Corthouse

VS

Workes

Government

VS

Third Debate

Unions

Health

VS

Employment

9


The Ilva case / Designing the protocol

Designing the protocol How to navigate the web

Being a protocol based on the use of

have an exponential increase of web

outcome of every step should be subject

protocol.

digital tools is fair to remind how the

to a conscious review that carefully follows the events and dates the research

The main purpose of the protocol is

Our research analyzed the web in a 55

speaking about an event that just

was made.

months period that started on May 17th 2008 and ended on December 1st 2012,

these dates were decided after analyze the history oboth on the web and on the traditional newspapers.

To briefly illustrate how the results

of this protocol could change we used

Google Trends; this gave us the history of the research query relative to our controversy.

We can see that the protocol is useful only in the last part of the graph (the

part relative to the last year) where we

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queries. This highlights the core of our

to describe how Internet is living and happened. Who are internauts talk-

ing about? What are they saying about

them and mostly which words/themes

do they use most? Where they write the most? What side of the controversy is the web routing for?

In our case the question became: “Qual è il tessuto narrativo digitale del caso ILVA?”

That translates in: ‘What is the digital tissue of the Ilva case? And how is it narrated?’


% Research Volume 100

80

60

40

20

may 2008

dec 2008

dec 2009

dec 2010

dec 2011

dec. 2012

/Google Trends Ilva Taranto Chiusura Ilva Taranto Caso Ilva Notizie Ilva Taranto Google Trends shows the historical impressions of the users’ queries and displays the change caused by our case study event 11


12


Chapter 2

The protocol

13


The protocol / Introduction

Introduction

Ilva’s steel plant in Italian webspace

This research focuses on what Italian

web users think about what happened

in Taranto the past four years and what their opinion is (and how do they give

it) about the Ilva case; we are especially interested on how they responded to the info they received and which are these information sources.

To discover where the debate takes

place we relied on Google, being the

most used research engine. This choice has been made after discarding the

possibility of an initial research relying on particular and pre-selected websites, such as Legambiente’s one or

Facebook, in order to have an unbiased result.

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GENERAL ANALYSIS

CORPUS

Study of typology

Theme analysis

Actor analysis

DETAILED ANALYSIS

Focus

News

FINAL COMPARE

Sorting

Url

Temporal analysis

Sorting

Comments

Alliances

Compare

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The protocol / Shaping the corpus

Shaping the corpus

What to ask and to whom

The definition of the queries has to be

linked with the very first research that

isn’t actually part of the protocol itself.

Module);

Instead of guessing which could be the

- the second part leans towards the

more manual investigation has to take

the facts (Second Module).

important topics for our protocol, a

place (as we already said in the ‘Under-

fields we just “discovered” by analyzing

standing the Protocol’ chapter). Read-

We decided to have two different

us figuring out the dispute points. The

see if there is a relevant difference on

ing Wikipedia or Google News helped

four leading themes that we extracted and decided to use as a module of our web query were: Economy, Environment, Health and Work.

The complete queries were articulated in two parts:

- the first defines and frames the es-

sence of our central topic, the Ilva steel plant or more in general the prime

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event that started our research (First

angles in the first part of the query to how web users look at the Ilva case. The “Ilva Taranto” part of the query

before, substituting the general topics word (Economy, Environment, Health

and Work) with one that belongs to the same field but more precise.

To do this kind of selection we couldn’t decide ourselves which word should

be used for the second query level; the impartiality of the words were given

by the use of one of the digital instru-

ments we had at our disposal, Alchemy API powered by Density Design.

inscribes our research in a geographical When we had the entire corpus anaand contextual setting but the addition

lyzed we proceeded to a manual check

point of view on how the topic is man-

we had all the keywords, we extracted

of the word “closure” gives a different aged.

Once we have this initial corpus we

have to check if it is possible to make a semantic close up and create a new query, using the same method as

and cleaning with Google Refine. Once the most relevant word, basing on the relevance and count estimation for

each field, and assembled a new query.


AMBIENTE

FIRST QUERY

ILVA TARANTO ECONOMIA First Module

+

160 Urls

Second Module LAVORO

CHIUSURA ILVA TARANTO SALUTE

ILVA TARANTO

SECOND QUERY

+

ALCHEMY API

CHIUSURA ILVA TARANTO INQUINAMENTO

INVESTIMENTO

+

Second Module

160 Urls FERIE FORZATE

TUMORI

17


The protocol / Shaping the corpus

/First query /Second query Economy Work Health Environment The result of the first two queries made with Google. First set and second set are result of the same macro topic research 18


/320 URLs Economy ilvataranto.com ilfattoquotidiano.it comitatopertaranto.blogspot.it

Employment Health Environment Complete corpus of 320 links, result of 16 different queries of 20 URLs each. 19


The protocol / Indexing the corpus

Indexing the corpus Is every link the same?

Once that our corpus has been created

After systemizing the corpus we visual-

to the editorial theme (74%). Then in

opened every link and searched for its

help of D3JS data library, the connec-

ronmental ones, Work ones, Taranto’s

we started indexing it. We manually identity page in order to divide them in two different categories: type and theme of the website.

The type description helps us under-

stand what kind of website does people

tions between the websites and the

themes or types. This helped us under-

stand which couples of theme and type were more frequently linked.

prefer to read or comment about case

Type: as one could expect, being our

official websites, Wikipedia and Face-

news story, the biggest part of our

Ilva; we divided them as news, blogs, book pages.

The theme describes what kind of topics does usually a website analyze. In

these case the division is less standard

because we are tackling a specific event that doesn’t have a significant international echo. We decided to set eleven different themes: News, Taranto,

Work, Economy, Ilva, Environment, Health, Politics and Unions.

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ized, through Parallel Set and with the

main topic linked to an important

corpus belongs to the news category. In fact more than 81% of Google’s results

link to a newspaper, the rest is divided

between blogs (11%), official pages (6%), leaving Wikipedia and Facebook with only the 2%.

Themes: for the same reason we have

similar values, when examining what kind of argument does these websites investigate. Most of the URLs belong

order there are Ilva related pages, Enviand without real difference Economy,

Health, Politics, Unions and Tourism.


Queries

Ambiente

Inquinamento

Salute

Tumori

Economia

Investimento

Lavoro

Ferie Forzate

Tipology

FB ge

pa

i

og

ik W

Bl

s w Ne

s

Tipology

This graph, built with Parallel Sets, shows how the URLs are grouped as themes and typology

Theme

ns io Un ic lit Po lth a

He

m ro

vi En

a Ilv

t en

t

en

m oy

to

y om

on Ec

pl Em

n ra Ta

s w Ne

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The protocol / The corpus’ net

The corpus’ net

Where are the links from?

Once we had divided all the Urls that

analysis on the difference between

them as a net graph using Gephi. This

speaking about acquiring, elaborating

came from our queries, we plotted

process highlighted which of these

internet pages were a result of differ-

ent Google researches. We can see how we have 39 websites that come from

different general topics (this explains

why there aren’t actually 320 nodes in

this visualization); of these only three, ”comitatopertaranto.blogspot.it”,

“ilvataranto.it” and “ilfattoquotidiano. it”, were present in all four topics.

Then we we decided to focus our at-

tention on the news-not news division that we had found out when indexing the corpus. Of the initial results only

19 weren’t chronicle related; only eight of these appear linked to different queries.

This graph lead us to a consecutive

22

newspapers and other Urls when

and re-sharing information (go and see chapter “The Focus”.)


/Newspapers /Other websites Economy Emploiment Health Environment These complementary net graphs show the amount of newspaper and other URLs web pages and how they can be reached from a query . 23


The protocol / Finding net allies

Finding net allies

How much are the websites linked?

When researching how Internet users

This software returns every homepage

an event you cannot simply stop at

website that he was fed, analyzing the

deliver and share information about

a superficial Google web search. The

soundest process is to attempt to reach the lowest and the most nested level

where the data is born and then, as a family tree, follow its branches and find out who are its sons.

When looking for a net of information that sprouts by a physical event, this

process is a lot more complicated. One of the solutions, and the one that we

executed, is to start from the very last

annex and backtrack your way through how many levels it seems useful.

To extract every page that is linked to our selected one (this has to be done with every non duplicate webpage

found in the corpus) we used NaviCrawler by WebAtlas.

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link that is present in the Html of the “HREF” attribute.

In our case none of the initial pages

were removed so that any important link could be present in our report

(even the social networks like Facebook and YouTube were kept as news and

communication depend everyday more

from this kind of social platforms). The crawling has been made for the entire corpus returning us with a net com-

posed by more than fifteen hundreds

webpages; after a manual skimming, that deleted all the self-linking pages

–like the ones coming from the newspages - and all the ones that didn’t

have to do with the Ilva case, only 792 non duplicate links were left.


radiopopolaresalento

wwf.it

peacelink

ilvataranto.com wikipedia.org centrostudiilva.it

ilvataranto.it greenpeace.it

gadlerner

arcoris.tv

/Next Google

tarantolibera.wordpress.it

earthday.net

scienzaesalute.blogosfere.it

pontiniaecologia.blogspot.it

comitatopertaranto.blogspot.it

Corpus Next This net shows how the corpus expands itself when we analyze its outgoing links; some websites are highlighted 25


The protocol / Semanticaly speaking

Semanticaly speaking

How does the user express oneself?

Once the nature of the net and of the

Corpus�). To better understand if the

analysis can take place. We went back

query (ferie forzate, inquinamento, in-

URLs is analyzed, a more qualitative to the initial corpus, composed by

the 320 results, we fed it to Alchemy

API asking it to give us back the chosen words with their relevance. The

software returned us more than 5400 keywords which where put in Google Refine and clustered both manually and automatically.

At the end of this process we ended

with 700 single keywords; these were again ordered and filtrated by the

number of times they were given as a relevant word leaving us with 497.

We had now a different set of words that could be compared to the ones

coming out from the first Alchemy

API’s analysis (go and see “Shaping the

26

words that we initially decided for the

vestimento and tumori) were coherent with our new corpus we had to manu-

ally relate every single keyword to our 4 main topics (Economy, Environment, Health and Work).

We analyzed the words with the help

of an Italian dictionary and thesaurus to keep the protocol as impartial as possible.


CORPUS

PPM

ALCHEMY API NEAREST NEIGHBOR

LEVENSHTEIN

GOOGLE REFINE

TEXT FACET CLUSTERING

THESAURUS FINGERPRINT

KEY COLLISION

NGRAM FINGERPRINT

METAPHONE3

COLOGNE PHONETIC

TYPOLOGY

27


The protocol / Semanticaly speaking

BILANCIO BIOLOGIA

ECONOMIA E DIRITTO

B. Organico B. D’impresa B. Dello stato B. Preventivo e consultivo B. Annuale e pluriennale Politica (o manovra) di bilancio

ECONOMY

BILANCIO DEGLI ENTI LOCALI RETTA DEL BILANCIO

WORD

SEMANTIC THEMES

B. Economico nazionale

CHECK IF NEEDED

SEMANTIC USES

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PROTOCOL THEME


i at ac te a a nd rz Si Ilv Fo arie salv Fe o et cr ri De to ra vo

Environment 46%

La

a ic

Economy 13%

a Ai

om on ec Ă ilit ib a en ic i st om ral so In on tu ec trut s isi i t Cr en i rv t te en In im st ve In

ve ci no ni io iss le ta Em na en si bi m os a Di o tto nt le pa e ta Im am en in bi qu am In ro st sa Di

ri io r ca ve gi ta co ani lo io Ri s m o nn pide Da E ia riz Pe litĂ ta or i or M

m Tu

19% 21%

/Themes

Emploiment Health

Percentage of the most discussed themes and relevance of the initial keywords and the ones coming out from the total queries.

29


The protocol / Actor’s profiling

Actors’ profiling

Discovering who are we talking about

The previous graph also showed which theme is the most talked about. This

Every actor has been classified in one

of this types and the distributed based

simple acknowledgment made us won- on their relevance. As we can see the der which of the names that were re-

members of the establishment are the

algorithm were the main actors.

Grillo, Patrizia Todisco, Mario Monti

trieved as keywords by Alchemy API’s Again for the sake of understanding which type of actors we are talking

about, another categorization had to take place. The actors are classified

relying on their role in society and/or

politics; this manual process it’s made with Wikipedia’s help in order to give the correct typology to the actors. We defined five kind of actors: the Ilva

affiliates, the ones that are a member of any institution, the citizens, the

union constituents and the environmentalists.

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most present, an example are Beppe and Corrado Clini.


Domenico Crupi

dirigenza dell'Ilva direttore scienti c o diretto re gen erale diret tore dell'I dipe lva nde nti cus tod i gi Co udi rr zia Co ado P ri rra ass do co era n Cli co sigl ni io ns re co ig gio lio n si co na di le m glie m re is co sa m rio un st al ra e or di na rio

l gi C lla m Bo o Fi m o Fi om isl Fi C Fim a m i F Riv i bio olin Fa Att i litic ore t o t p E ti n en o p es rtino o Ma Enric Riva Emilio a a Laterz Emanuel i ll e an Donato Stef

tin ar

o

m m Sa o i d au io Cl u d a l ni C di ta te cit an sl err r ia F Ci izia o iu d un g Br tĂ ori i a ut ion ciale c i az o ovin ass e pr r o s s iente asse 'amb re all o s s asse Bonelli Angelo ti ambientalis

Gruppo Riva gove r no M onti Gir o la mo Arch Gip ina Pat r i z Gip ia T odi sco G io rgi oA Gi a s n s n en Gi i Flo na a to rid Fr nca o a rlo Fr nc de o an S C c e at ba es ald co st o io Za cc ar ia Ilva

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4 0

0.2

0.3

Ilva Spa

0

0.1

Alessandro Marescotti

Relevance

ia i ne gl ni nt zio Pu an ra de ne si on ist n B i io re g m le m Re ae a aa us lic Ra cc bb aa pu lic bb ore pu rat e cu cal pro a lo cur pro cura Ilva pro dell' e t iden pres e lazion popo politici

Ippazio Stefano ra tu ra o rra ss ist ro ba ag og m igi S ti ap let Lu gi C ge i An Lu nte igi bie Lu am l leg Cis r de lea ri rato lavo ider Itals zioni SanitĂ istitu ore di Superi Istituto eriore Istituto Sup

Palazzo Chigi

peacelink

organizzazioni si ndacali operai

Nicola Riva Nich i Ven dola min i s t ro d min ella salu istr o te m d e i n ll'am i s tro Mi bie mm nte M o i P ch an el e M are a C lli M uriz on ar io se M io rv L a a a nd r co Mon in ti i B en t iv og li

Vittorio Cogl iati Dezza Vilma G illi Union e Eur o p ea Uilm U il sind ac a ti lo sin cali dac ati sin da ca Sil list v i se i o B er gr lus et Ri co ar va io ni r ic co er nf ca e de to ra ri le

/Actors Ilva Istitutions Citizens Unions Environmentalists Wordcount Actors displayed by relevance, using the radius of the planet system, and amount of times the keyword is given back, the radius of the dots 31


32


Chapter 3

The focus

33


The focus / Exploding the web

Exploding the web

Analyzing each part of Internet

As we have anticipated initially, during our idea of separating them and study them individually an educated choice. the semantic analysis we noticed that

34

the terminology used by the online

As this next part of the protocol unfolds

grouped into different themes: Econ-

analysis with the instrument Alchemy

Health.

the web is really different if studied in

lyzed the sentiment of the corpus, by

by when we highlighted the news and

between this imaginary factions the

topic? And do they speak in the same

and Health (even if economic and envi-

tracted from our initial corpus actually

The focus is not only limited to the

Since newspapers can be easily tracked

type of website. Knowing the substan-

same analysis; we asked ourselves if

URLs that are news-pages (almost the

amount of articles and words used,

to the any report column, we found

or the non-news websites.

users display words that could be easily

we will repeat many times a qualitative

omy, Employment , Environment and

API to understand if the vocabulary of

Once defined this division we ana-

its various fields. Many questions arose

manually reading it; we found out that

the blogs: do they talk about the same

main debate is between Employment

way? Are the twenty keywords we ex-

ronmental reasons come in play).

fit for these subsets?

theme of the research but also to the

in time we decided to start with this

tial difference between the number of

the timeline of their articles, both by

94%) and the remaining 6% not relate

were similar to the general corpus ones


ILVA CASE

TYPE FOCUS

THEME FOCUS

HEALTHE

NEWS

CORRIERE DEL MEZZOGIORNO

VS

LA REPUBBLICA BARI

NON NEWS

MPLOYMENT

VS

BLOG

OFFICIAL WEBSITE

WIKI

FB PAGES

35


The focus / Reading the news

Reading the news

Learning the true source of web data

The starting point for the analysis

who was in size, geo-location and so-

particularly how many articles excite

pubblica: Il Corriere del Mezzogiorno,

of journalism online influence, and

our case’s debate, is to choose which of

ciopolitical weight equivalent to La Relocal edition of the best-known Corriere

the national newspapers that better ad- della Sera. dressed the issue. To do this we have to study the different factors that make a newspaper fit to the analysis: the general circulation, the distribution, the

number of monthly impressions online and most important, the newspaper had to be present in our corpus.

The most adequate one was La Repubblica; the choice fell on it also for the

possibility of geo-location made possi-

ble by the presence of an editorial staff in Bari.

To make a comparison, and see if different papers deal with case Ilva in a

different way, we repeated this election process and found a second newspaper,

36


CORPUS

GENERAL CIRCULATION

DISTRIBUTION ONLY NEWS ONLINE IMPRESSIONS

GEO LOCALIZATION

37


The focus/ Reading the news

Both papers, in the period analyzed (17

tance of the theme changed from week

similar number of articles concerning

newspapers had points in common and

May 2008 - 1 December 2012) report a the case Ilva (about 400).

We collected all the articles that were on both the websites in the specific lapse of time and divided them in

groups based on the week the were

written; the aim of this process was to draw a chronological sequence of case Ilva, as seen by newspapers, and de-

termine whether, based on the occur-

ring events, the dispute would become unbalanced, to one side or the other.

To verify this imbalance we analyze the relevance of the pieces’ using Alchemy

API; once we skimmed the results with Google Refine, we grouped the key-

words related to Health and Work and

drew a timeline with two lines (Health

and Work) that showed how the impor38

to week. It was found that the two points behind.


Amount of posts 30

25

20

15

10

5

Weeks

19.5.2010 Nicola Riva became Ilva’s president

26.7.2012 Order for seizure of production plants

13.8.2012 Italian Government appeals to consult

27.11.2012 Workers occupy Ilva’s direction

27.9.2012 48 hours strike to defend employment

/Amount of articles La Repubblica Bari Corriere del Mezzogiorno Comparison between the amount of articles made by Corriere del Mezzogiorno and by Bari-Repubblica about Ilva in the last two years 39


Average Relevance X amount of posts

The focus / Reading the news

14 12 10 8 6 4 2 Weeks Aia ambientale ambientalisti Arpa associazioni ambientaliste autorizzazione cassa integrazione ciclo produttivo class action commissione ambiente decreto legge decreto salva-Ilva diossina disastro ambientale economia italiana emissioni nocive ferie forzate Fim Cisl

/La Repubblica Bari Health Employment Timeline of the amount of Health and Employment related keyword from the Repubblica, below a graph that displays the words resulted as keywords 40

Fiom Cgil impatto sanitario impianti inquinamento interventi strutturali investimenti d’Europa lavoratori lavori pubblici Legambiente malattie ministero dell'Ambiente operai organismo umano perizia epidemiologica piano operativo produzione ricadute occupazionali salute salvaguardia dell'ambiente sciopero sindacati sostanze inquinanti sviluppo economico tavolo istituzionale tavolo tecnico tecnologie tumori tutela dell'occupazione vittime


Average Relevance X amount of posts

14 12 10 8 6 4 2 Weeks Aia ambientale ambientalisti ambiente antidiossina associazioni ambientaliste cassa integrazione cokerie crisi economica diossina disastro ambientale disastro colposo emissioni nocive Fim Cisl idrocarburi impianti impatto ambientale industriale inquinamento investimenti lavoratori lavoro malattia migliori tecnologie Ministro dell'ambiente operai organizzazioni sindacali perizia epidemiologica presidente ilva relazioni industriali riunione tecnica siderurgico stabilimento stabilimento siderurgico tavolo tecnico trasformatori treno nastri

/Corriere del Mezzogiorno Health Employment Timeline of the amount of Health and Employment related keyword from the Corriere del Mezzogiorno, below a graph that displays the words resulted as keywords 41


The focus / Reading the news

As expected both papers before the

interlacing of: Alchemy API’s key-

July26th 2012, dealt with the issue in

related (+1) and Work related(-1), the

day the court order had been given,

a discontinuous and slightly marked

way; between the two it was the Corri-

ere del Mezzogiorno that addressed the issue more often and with a number of articles per week more constant,

although always very low. After the

words, their categorization as Health division of articles in a week by week time lapse.

We can see how bari.repubblica.it ad-

dresses the issue in a more homogeneous way; Health and Work go hand in hand, without ever having one domi-

verdict of the court we can notice a sud- nating over the other, in fact the total den, but foreseeable, increase in the

average of the three years relevance

than 10 per week to a peak of 50/60.

0.02, on the scale from 0 to 1.

is how they address the theme, prob-

giorno.it is much more focused on

which are the most relevant keywords

much higher average relevance com-

number of articles which rose from less moves to the issue of Health only a The difference between the newspapers On the contrary corrieredelmezzoably due to the editorial policy, and

therefore to what they refer to, business or health.

To better confront the two we created

a scale from -1 to 1 that is based on the

42

the theme of Work; in fact it has a

pared to Health. In particular, in the recent months the issue of Health is

completely gone, leaving only the job related keywords. The Corriere has a

total average relevance lower than -0.1 (it means 0.1 in favor of work).


HEALTH +1.0

+0.8

+0.6

+0.4

+0.2

0

Weeks

+0.02 -0.10

-0.2

-0.4

-0.6

/Average relevance -0.8

-1.0 EMPLOYMENT

La Repubblica Bari Corriere del Mezzogiorno Difference between the average relevance of employment and health related keywords by weeks and by newspaper. 43


The focus / Reading the news

Tumori MortalitĂ

La Repubblica Bari Average Relevance X amount of posts

HEALTH

Inquinamento

Perizia epidemiologica Danno sanitario Ricoveri

Aia Lavoratori

Sindacati

Average relevance per post in the last two years for Bari-Repubblica; the words were analyzed with Alchemy API and the thesaurus, grouped by theme and confronted with the original ones.

44

Average Relevance X amount of posts

ENVIRONMENT

Impatto ambientale 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

Average Relevance X amount of posts

Decreto salva-Ilva Ferie forzate

Disastro ambientale

Diossina Emissioni Nocive

EMPLOYMENT

Investimenti Interventi strutturali

20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

Average Relevance X amount of posts

Crisi economica 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

InsostenibilitĂ Ec. Bonifica

20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

ECONOMY


Average Relevance X amount of posts

26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8

/Keywords relevance La Repubblica Bari

6

Health

4

Employment

2 0

Months

Timeline of the amount of Health and Employment related keyword from the Corriere del Mezzogiorno by month 45


The focus / Reading the news

Tumori MortalitĂ

Corriere del Mezzogiorno Average Relevance X amount of posts

HEALTH

Inquinamento

Perizia epidemiologica Danno sanitario Ricoveri

Aia Lavoratori

Average Relevance X amount of posts

20 18 Sindacati 16 14 12 10 Average relevance per post in the 8 last two years for Corriere del 6 Mezzogiorno; the words were analyzed with Alchemy API and the 4 2 thesaurus, grouped by theme and 0 confronted with the original ones.

46

Average Relevance X amount of posts

ENVIRONMENT

Impatto ambientale 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

Decreto salva-Ilva Ferie forzate

Disastro ambientale

Diossina Emissioni Nocive

EMPLOYMENT

Investimenti Interventi strutturali

20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

Average Relevance X amount of posts

Crisi economica InsostenibilitĂ Ec. Bonifica

20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

ECONOMY


Average Relevance X amount of posts

26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 8

/Keywords relevance Corriere del Mezzogiorno

6

Health Employment

4 2 Months 0

Timeline of the amount of Health and Employment related keyword from the Corriere del Mezzogiorno by month 47


The focus / User based website

User based website

Understanding the sentiment of the people

When we split the websites between

returned us from each website (X axis).

pages we said that only 19 sites of the

fact: the supposition we had about the

newspapers and other types of web

corpus were part of the non-journalistic category.

As we did for the Corriere and Repubblica we followed the qualitative and unbiased process, based on Alchemy

We discovered a very unpredictable

people talking mainly about Health

related issues in opposition of Employment ones was false. We can see how both the number of websites and the average relevance of the keywords is

API, to find which words were the most shifted towards work. In a debate were important.

people might die or lose their jobs the

these URLs and fed them to Densityde-

ond one. This is sometimes almost un-

We collected every appropriate text of

sign powered Alchemy API to have back all the keywords. Once we had them,

we cleaned them using Google Refine and Excel and plotted a bar graph

having the vertical axis as the aver-

age relevance (the negative part refers to Work, the positive one to Health). The relevance was then crossed with

how many keywords did Alchemy API

48

public concern is more direct to the seccongrous with the nature of some websites: the fact that blogs or web pages

that talk mainly about environment and health, as Greenbiz.com, Pontiniaecologia.it or Ecoblog.it, have an average

relevance that is lower than Wikipedia

or Tarantocity.com when talking about work is some what striking.


t lu

sa e

3

g lo

3 ca

iz nb ee gr ia og ol ec ia in a nt iil v po ud st lo tro ril eg pp

ae nz

be

n ce

ie sc

ob ec

di

oo ec

HEALTH +0.25 +0.20 +0.15 +0.10 +0.05

0

Keywords count 5

10

15

20

25

30

35

404

5

50

-0.05

/Average relevance Forum

-0.10

Blogs Official Websites

-0.15

News Wikipedia Facebook

-0.20 -0.25 to an to ar an rt ar pe at to ilv ita m co ia ed a ip v ro ik o nt w gen co o pd ant k r o ta bo ce fa y av sa

t ec

oj pr al ob gl

r ne er dl ga ity oc nt ra ta

EMPLOYMENT

Classification of blogs by type of website. Each blog is shifted to health or employment based on the average keyword count. 49


The focus / User based website

We can see how they are balanced

Then the final network features three

time is interesting to notice the forum,

- Google queries results

between Health and Work; at the same as a people drive pages, is shifted on

the right part of the graph but Wiki-

pedia and the majority of the official

webpages are more shifted toward the work theme.

Having very few sites to analyze this kind of comment could be easily a

result of a superficial study. To have a more realistic feedback we decided to

use NaviCrawler to see which of these blogs and similar pages are linked to.

After seeing the connections between this websites and the ones one step

different levels:

- the first level of the crawl

- the second level of the crawl

Once both the levels of the crawl where complete we categorized our websites, up to the first level of next, in order to see which kind most linked out creating its net. As we can easily see the

greatest net belongs to comitatopertaranto.blogspot.it. If we analyze the

first level without it we can how the absence of this page would critically

change of the web alliances would be. At the same time we can notice how

among the ‘receiving’ nodes there are a

deeper –which included also newspaper lot of the newspaper; this confirms the sites– we decided to repeat this same

initial argument made with the Google

of the crawl.

mation flow (as was expected).

process again to validate the first level

50

Research, newspapers drive the infor-


blogactionday.org comitatopertaranto.blogspot.com

ail.taranto.it ncbi.nlm.nih.gov dica33.it facebook.com epiprev.it magicapuglia.blogspot.com siderlandia.it tarantolibera.wordpress.com csvtaranto.org italianostrataranto.it sitaranto.it tarantocity.com tarantosupporters.it vivitaranto.eu tarantovillage.it

scienzaesalute.blogosfere.it unitiperlasalute.blogspot.com

ildialogo.org ilfattoquotidiano.it ilmeridiano.info ilmessaggero.it ilnotiziangolo.it il-ponte.info ilsole24ore.com iltempo.it ilvelino.it inchiestanapoli.it lagazzettadelmezzogiorno.it youreporternews.it palermo.repubblica.it parvapolis.it repubblica.it tiscali.it tmnews.it virgilio.it beppegrillo.it senatoperiragazzi.it antoniodipietro.it ec.europa.eu pdgenova.it prtr.ec.europa.eu arteesalute.blogosfere.it

corgiorno.it corrieredelmezzogiorno.it espresso.it euronews.com

adnkronos.com agenparl.it agi.it alessandrolangiu.it ansa.it asca.it bari.repubblica.it

istitutosviluppo.it radiopopolaresalento.it rai.it regione.lazio.it regione.puglia.it sudinmovimento.com telefree.it alessandroguido.it liberainformazione.org segnourbano.it

gadlerner.it green.tv

conquistedellavoro.it blogo.it blogosfere.it cittadinanzaattivalizzano.blogspot.com cronacaeattualita.blogosfere.it editoriaindipendente.it globalproject.info greenbiz.it ilcittadinox.com labuat.wordpress.com nuovosensocivico.blogspot.com petizionepubblica.it saavy.org salentonowar.blogspot.com spartaus.splinder.com suburbanafestival.blogspot.com thescamanti.wordpress.com tuttoilresto-noia.blogspot.com valentinadamico.wordpress.com carta.org comunivirtuosi.org

wikipedia.org

tarantocontro.blogspot.it fondazioneansaldo.it wikinews.org

ilvataranto.it rivagroup.com

ilvataranto.com

centrostudiilva.it ilvaprogettoscuole.it

centrostudiilva.com

bancaditalia.it

local.it.eea.europa.eu pattomutuosoccorso.org peacelink.it svilupposostenibile.bari.it terrafutura.it cambiamoaria.org conferenzacambiamenticlimatici2007.it lipu.it vigiliamoperladiscarica.it acquabenecomune.org casarinnovabile.it edilportale.com edizioniambiente.it lamiaaria.it lanuovaecologia.it

legambiente.eu legambientetaranto.eu

greenpeace.it

eper.sinanet.apat.it

earthday.net eea.europa.eu

arpa.puglia.it cart.ancitel.it cartadellaterra.it

wwf.it

rivoluzioneverde.wordpress.com wecanlivegreen.wordpress.com aia.minambiente.it

pontiniaecologia.blogspot.it presidiopermanente.blogspot.com

ecoo.it giannimacchia.blogspot.com ioballodasola8.blogspot.com ossincnuc.blogspot.com

comitatopertaranto.blogspot.it ecoalfabeta.blogosfere.it

/Links Official Websites

Blog

Forum

Facebook

Wiki

News

First crawl made from the nonnews websites. The nodes are differentiated but the typology color and displayed in order by theme. 51


Official Websites

Blog

Forum

Facebook

Wiki

News

Focus on the previous graph: we can see how comitatopertaranto. blogspot.it is the blog with more links.

52 blogactionday.org comitatopertaranto.blogspot.com

/Focus 1

sitaranto.it tarantocity.com tarantosupporters.it vivitaranto.eu tarantovillage.it

unitiperlasalute.blogspot.com ail.taranto.it ncbi.nlm.nih.gov dica33.it facebook.com epiprev.it magicapuglia.blogspot.com siderlandia.it tarantolibera.wordpress.com csvtaranto.org

ec.europa.eu pdgenova.it prtr.ec.europa.eu

senatoperiragazzi.it

tmnews.it virgilio.it

inchiestanapoli.it lagazzettadelmezzogiorno.it youreporternews.it palermo.repubblica.it

ilsole24ore.com

ilmeridiano.info

ildialogo.org

euronews.com

corgiorno.it corrieredelmezzogiorno.it

adnkronos.com agenparl.it agi.it alessandrolangiu.it ansa.it asca.it bari.repubblica.it

alessandroguido.it liberainformazione.org segnourbano.it

regione.puglia.it sudinmovimento.com

green.tv istitutosviluppo.it radiopopolaresalento.it

salentonowar.blogspot.com spartaus.splinder.com suburbanafestival.blogspot.com thescamanti.wordpress.com tuttoilresto-noia.blogspot.com valentinadamico.wordpress.com carta.org comunivirtuosi.org

editoriaindipendente.it globalproject.info greenbiz.it ilcittadinox.com labuat.wordpress.com nuovosensocivico.blogspot.com petizionepubblica.it

cittadinanzaattivalizzano.blogspot.com

conquistedellavoro.it

tarantocontro.blogspot.it

edizioniambiente.it

svilupposostenibile.bari.it terrafutura.it cambiamoaria.org conferenzacambiamenticlimatici2007.it lipu.it vigiliamoperladiscarica.it acquabenecomune.org casarinnovabile.it

local.it.eea.europa.eu pattomutuosoccorso.org

legambiente.eu

greenpeace.it

eper.sinanet.apat.it

earthday.net eea.europa.eu

arpa.puglia.it cart.ancitel.it cartadellaterra.it

presidiopermanente.blogspot.com rivoluzioneverde.wordpress.com wecanlivegreen.wordpress.com aia.minambiente.it

ecoo.it giannimacchia.blogspot.com ioballodasola8.blogspot.com ossincnuc.blogspot.com

comitatopertaranto.blogspot.it

The focus /

User based website


blogactionday.org

italianostrataranto.it

scienzaesalute.blogosfere.it

arteesalute.blogosfere.it

antoniodipietro.it

beppegrillo.it

parvapolis.it repubblica.it tiscali.it

iltempo.it ilvelino.it

ilmessaggero.it ilnotiziangolo.it il-ponte.info

ilfattoquotidiano.it

corrieredelmezzogiorno.it espresso.it

bari.repubblica.it

ansa.it

adnkronos.com

telefree.it

rai.it regione.lazio.it

gadlerner.it

valentinadamico.wordpress.com

spartaus.splinder.com

saavy.org

ilcittadinox.com

cronacaeattualita.blogosfere.it

blogo.it blogosfere.it

wikipedia.org

fondazioneansaldo.it wikinews.org

ilvataranto.it rivagroup.com

ilvataranto.com

centrostudiilva.it ilvaprogettoscuole.it

centrostudiilva.com

bancaditalia.it

lanuovaecologia.it

edilportale.com

peacelink.it

legambientetaranto.eu

greenpeace.it

wwf.it

pontiniaecologia.blogspot.it

ecoalfabeta.blogosfere.it

/Focus 2 Official Websites

Blog

Forum

Facebook

Wiki

News

Focus on the previous graph: every other website have a lot of connection but the alliances are more discreet. 53


/Next-Next

Official Websites

Blog

Forum

Facebook

Wiki

News

Second crawl made from the first crawl without news websites.

54 blogactionday.org comitatopertaranto.blogspot.com

tarantotarantinidia.blogspot.com tarantovillage.it tarantoviva.it terrafutura.it terrelibere.org theclimatesummit.org theclimatesummiteu.blogspot.com thegreenguide.com torabora.it trentomilitarenograzie.blogspot.com tuttoilresto-noia.blogspot.com tv.ilfattoquotidiano.it twitter.com udutaranto.netsons.org unep.org unfccc.int unfuturosenzatomiche.org unibocconi.it unimondo.org unionesarda.it unisi.it unita.it unitiperlasalute.blogspot.com unponteper.it uominiliberi.eu usbpubliacqua.it usersfsu.edu utopieconcrete.it valentinadamico.wordpress.com valori.it vialebombe.org virgiliotaranto.myblog.it vivilitalia.it vivitaranto.blogspot.com vivitaranto.eu vladimirforlese.blogspot.com voglioscendere.it voltairenet.org web.giornalismi.info wecanlivegreen.com worldchanging.com wwf.it wwfnature.it zeroemission.tv zoomgrottaglie.blogspot.com

tarantolibera.wordpress.com tarantosociale.org

sunsystem.it supportolegale.org sustainableenergyforall.org sviluppoeconomico.gov.it svilupposostenibile.bari.it taranto.redazione.org tarantociclabile.org

sudinmovimento.com sudnews.it

statoquotidiano.it stefanomontanari.net stopcarbone.wwf.it studiolov.net suburbanafestival.blogspot.com

siderlandia.it sitaranto.it siticattolici.it sitodenuclearizzato.eu sociwwf.it sopralapancalacapracanta.blogspot.com sorellaterra.laperfettaletizia.com spartaus.splinder.com spearboard.com

rivoluzioneverde.wordpress.com rovigo24ore.it salentonowar.blogspot.com salviamoilpaesaggio.it savethemontepulciano.blogspot.com savonanews.it scienceblogs.com scienzaepace.unipi.it segnourbano.it

rinascitacivica.com rivagroup.com

rawvision.com redattoresociale.it referendumilva.wordpress.com referendumlavoro.it regione.liguria.it regione.puglia.it repubblica.it resistenze.org reteambiente.it reteambienteparma.org

radiopopolaresalento.it radiowave.it

pressenza.com previsioni-inquinamento.lamiaaria.it progettomeg.it prolocolama.org prolocotaranto.it prospettivedisviluppo.com provincia.genova.it puglianelmondo.com pugliantagonista.it pugliattiva.regione.puglia.it puntoacapo.biz puntosostenibile.it qualenergia.it quellochefai.org questionedelladecisione.blogspot.com radiopopolare.it

presidiopermanente.blogspot.com presidiosanpietro.org

politicaesocieta.blogosfere.it pragras.blogspot.com prato.linux.it premioinnovazione.legambiente.org presenteduepuntozero.wordpress.com

penalecontemporaneo.it pensiero.it personaggioambiente.it petizionepubblica.it piccolagrandeitalia.it pinofrisoli.blogspot.com pirrinipaola.it

peacelink.it peacereporter.net

netvibes.com noalcarbone.blogspot.com noalcarbonebrindisi.blogspot.com no-centro-oli.blogspot.com nodiossina.regione.puglia.it nonaverpaura.org no-petrolio-abruzzo.com notabenenb.it nuovosensocivico.blogspot.com nuovosensocivico.it oltreilnucleare.it omceosv.it ondabuena.it oraquadra.it osservatoriobalcani.org osservatorioiraq.it ossincnuc.blogspot.com ovadia-lescienze.blogautore.espresso.repubblica.it pacedisarmo.org pandagift.wwf.it pandemia.info parlamento.camera.it pattomutuosoccorso.org pdlaterza.blogspot.com

minambiente.it movimentoaeroportotaranto.blogspot.com

libera.it liberainformazione.org libero.it lipu.it lizzano.gratisforum.tv lsmetropolis.org lucadebernardi.com lulublog.it magicapuglia.blogspot.com manitese.it marcocedolin.blogspot.com mediapolitika.com mercatiesplosivi.com meyer.it

legambiente.it legambientetaranto.eu

inarte.it indignazionenazionale.splinder.com inemar.arpa.puglia.it innovidea.org insiemeliberamente.com inveglia.wordpress.com ioballodasola8.blogspot.com isof.cnr.it isprambiente.it iss.it istitutosviluppo.it italiadeivalori.it italianostra.org italianostrataranto.it italy.peacelink.org itenergy.wordpress.com kigeiblog.myblog.it laboratorioidee.com laboratoriomobilitasostenibile.wordpress.com labuat.wordpress.com lagazzettadelmezzogiorno.it lamiaaria.it lanuovaecologia.it lasvoltadonnecontroilva.wordpress.com lecceprima.it

ilvataranto.com imprese.san.beniculturali.it

greenstyle.it growthmadness.org salsa.democracyinaction.org ildialogo.org ilfattoquotidiano.it ilmanifesto.it ilmegafono.org ilmeridiano.info ilmetanodaunamano.spaces.live.com ilmiolibro.kataweb.it ilnautilus.it il-ponte.info ilsecoloxix.it ilsole24ore.com ilterrario.com iluoghidelcuore.it ilvaprogettoscuole.it

greenpeace.it greenpeace.org

giannimacchia.blogspot.com giannimacchiaen.blogspot.com giornalettismo.com giuseppeabatematteo.blogspot.com globalproject.info gnu.org gogreen.virgilio.it gosalute.it green.tv greenfacts.org greenmyapple.org

fondazionecrt.it fondazioneintegrazione.it fontanella.altervista.org fonti-rinnovabili.it freedomlibertadiparola.blogspot.it freegaza.org geologika.org

empulia.it enea.it energywatchgroup.org ethicalcorp.com ethrabeniculturali.it expotaranto.com federico-valerio.blogspot.it federicovalerio.splinder.com fermiamoilnucleare.it

emergency.it emi.it

elementari.ilvaprogettoscuole.it

ecoq.it eco-vero.com eco-way.it edizioniambiente.it

documenti.camera.it dorsogna.blogspot.com earthcharterinaction.org earthday.net ecoalfabeta.blogosfere.it ecodallecitta.it ecofatto.it

disarmo.org discoverysail.com

disarmiamoli.org

comune.genova.it comune.grottaglie.ta.it comune.taranto.it comunivirtuosi.org conferenzacambiamenticlimatici2007.it confronti.net consted.com contramianto.bloggatore.com corgiorno.it corporeuscorpora.blogspot.it corrieredelmezzogiorno.corriere.it costidelnonfare.it cronacaeattualita.blogosfere.it curonearticoli.blogspot.com dabpensiero.wordpress.com danieleluttazzi.it decrescita.it decrescitafelice.it

comitatopertaranto.blogspot.com compost.it

climatecolab.org cobat.it codacons.it comeunuomosullaterra.blogspot.com comincialitalia.net comitatodiquartiere.blogspot.com comitatopalestinabologna.blogspot.com

cittadinanzaattivalizzano.blogspot.com city-instruments.eu

centrostudiilva.it chiaianodiscarica.it

blognotesalento.blogspot.com blogo.it bollentispiriti.regione.puglia.it brundisium.net buongiornotaranto.com cambiamoaria.org caritasitaliana.it carlovulpio.it carlovulpio.wordpress.com cart.ancitel.it carta.org cartadellaterra.it casaeclima.com cem.coop

arpa.emr.it arpa.puglia.it arpamedia1.blogspot.com arteduepuntozero.showfarm.com arteterapia.info asca.it assars.it associa.ning.com associazionerut.it bancaetica.com bari.repubblica.it beppegrillo.it beppegrillotaranto.wordpress.com biciclima.it bioagriturismo.verona.it blogactionday.org

arcoiris.tv

ansa.it apocalisseitalia.blogspot.com arci.it

abruzzono-triv.blogspot.com acli.it acquabenecomune.blogspot.com acquabenecomune.org acquisizionelavoro.it acquistiverdi.it agi.it agoravox.it ail.taranto.it alessandrofurnari.it alessandroguido.it alessandrolangiu.it alessandrotauro.blogspot.com alpi.wwf.it alternativasostenibile.it altravicenza.it altreconomia.it ambientediritto.it ambientenergia.info ambienteparma.blogspot.it amezzogiorno.wordpress.com amisnet.org amnesty.it andreaciraolo.it

ail.taranto.it ncbi.nlm.nih.gov dica33.it facebook.com epiprev.it magicapuglia.blogspot.com siderlandia.it tarantolibera.wordpress.com csvtaranto.org italianostrataranto.it sitaranto.it tarantocity.com tarantosupporters.it vivitaranto.eu tarantovillage.it

scienzaesalute.blogosfere.it unitiperlasalute.blogspot.com

ildialogo.org ilfattoquotidiano.it ilmeridiano.info ilmessaggero.it ilnotiziangolo.it il-ponte.info ilsole24ore.com iltempo.it ilvelino.it inchiestanapoli.it lagazzettadelmezzogiorno.it youreporternews.it palermo.repubblica.it parvapolis.it repubblica.it tiscali.it tmnews.it virgilio.it beppegrillo.it senatoperiragazzi.it antoniodipietro.it ec.europa.eu pdgenova.it prtr.ec.europa.eu arteesalute.blogosfere.it

corgiorno.it corrieredelmezzogiorno.it espresso.it euronews.com

adnkronos.com agenparl.it agi.it alessandrolangiu.it ansa.it asca.it bari.repubblica.it

istitutosviluppo.it radiopopolaresalento.it rai.it regione.lazio.it regione.puglia.it sudinmovimento.com telefree.it alessandroguido.it liberainformazione.org segnourbano.it

gadlerner.it green.tv

blogo.it blogosfere.it cittadinanzaattivalizzano.blogspot.com cronacaeattualita.blogosfere.it editoriaindipendente.it globalproject.info greenbiz.it ilcittadinox.com labuat.wordpress.com nuovosensocivico.blogspot.com petizionepubblica.it saavy.org salentonowar.blogspot.com spartaus.splinder.com suburbanafestival.blogspot.com thescamanti.wordpress.com tuttoilresto-noia.blogspot.com valentinadamico.wordpress.com carta.org comunivirtuosi.org

wikipedia.org conquistedellavoro.it

tarantocontro.blogspot.it fondazioneansaldo.it wikinews.org

ilvataranto.it rivagroup.com

ilvataranto.com

centrostudiilva.it ilvaprogettoscuole.it

centrostudiilva.com

bancaditalia.it

local.it.eea.europa.eu pattomutuosoccorso.org peacelink.it svilupposostenibile.bari.it terrafutura.it cambiamoaria.org conferenzacambiamenticlimatici2007.it lipu.it vigiliamoperladiscarica.it acquabenecomune.org casarinnovabile.it edilportale.com edizioniambiente.it lamiaaria.it lanuovaecologia.it

legambiente.eu legambientetaranto.eu

greenpeace.it

eper.sinanet.apat.it

earthday.net eea.europa.eu

cart.ancitel.it cartadellaterra.it

wwf.it arpa.puglia.it

presidiopermanente.blogspot.com rivoluzioneverde.wordpress.com wecanlivegreen.wordpress.com aia.minambiente.it

pontiniaecologia.blogspot.it

ecoo.it giannimacchia.blogspot.com ioballodasola8.blogspot.com ossincnuc.blogspot.com

comitatopertaranto.blogspot.it ecoalfabeta.blogosfere.it

The focus /

User based website


blogactionday.org comitatopertaranto.blogspot.com

presidiopermanente.blogspot.com rivoluzioneverde.wordpress.com wecanlivegreen.wordpress.com aia.minambiente.it

pontiniaecologia.blogspot.it

ecoalfabeta.blogosfere.it ecoo.it giannimacchia.blogspot.com ioballodasola8.blogspot.com ossincnuc.blogspot.com

pontiniaecologia.blogspot.it

greenpeace.it

centrostudiilva.com

blogo.it blogosfere.it cittadinanzaattivalizzano.blogspot.com cronacaeattualita.blogosfere.it editoriaindipendente.it globalproject.info greenbiz.it ilcittadinox.com labuat.wordpress.com nuovosensocivico.blogspot.com petizionepubblica.it saavy.org salentonowar.blogspot.com spartaus.splinder.com suburbanafestival.blogspot.com thescamanti.wordpress.com tuttoilresto-noia.blogspot.com valentinadamico.wordpress.com carta.org comunivirtuosi.org

arci.it

climatecolab.org cobat.it codacons.it comeunuomosullaterra.blogspot.com comincialitalia.net comitatodiquartiere.blogspot.com comitatopalestinabologna.blogspot.com

giannimacchia.blogspot.com giannimacchiaen.blogspot.com giornalettismo.com giuseppeabatematteo.blogspot.com globalproject.info gnu.org gogreen.virgilio.it gosalute.it green.tv greenfacts.org greenmyapple.org

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disarmo.org discoverysail.com

disarmo.org discoverysail.com

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FORUM

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OFFICIAL WEBSITES

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peacelink.it peacereporter.net

netvibes.com noalcarbone.blogspot.com noalcarbonebrindisi.blogspot.com no-centro-oli.blogspot.com nodiossina.regione.puglia.it nonaverpaura.org no-petrolio-abruzzo.com notabenenb.it nuovosensocivico.blogspot.com nuovosensocivico.it oltreilnucleare.it omceosv.it ondabuena.it oraquadra.it osservatoriobalcani.org osservatorioiraq.it ossincnuc.blogspot.com ovadia-lescienze.blogautore.espresso.repubblica.it pacedisarmo.org pandagift.wwf.it pandemia.info parlamento.camera.it pattomutuosoccorso.org pdlaterza.blogspot.com

minambiente.it movimentoaeroportotaranto.blogspot.com

libera.it liberainformazione.org libero.it lipu.it lizzano.gratisforum.tv lsmetropolis.org lucadebernardi.com lulublog.it magicapuglia.blogspot.com manitese.it marcocedolin.blogspot.com mediapolitika.com mercatiesplosivi.com meyer.it

legambiente.it legambientetaranto.eu

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ilvataranto.com imprese.san.beniculturali.it

greenstyle.it growthmadness.org salsa.democracyinaction.org ildialogo.org ilfattoquotidiano.it ilmanifesto.it ilmegafono.org ilmeridiano.info ilmetanodaunamano.spaces.live.com ilmiolibro.kataweb.it ilnautilus.it il-ponte.info ilsecoloxix.it ilsole24ore.com ilterrario.com iluoghidelcuore.it ilvaprogettoscuole.it

greenpeace.it greenpeace.org

giannimacchia.blogspot.com giannimacchiaen.blogspot.com giornalettismo.com giuseppeabatematteo.blogspot.com globalproject.info gnu.org gogreen.virgilio.it gosalute.it green.tv greenfacts.org greenmyapple.org

fondazionecr t.it fondazioneinteg razione.it fontanella.altervista.org fonti-rinnovabili.it freedomlibertadiparola.blogspot.it freegaza.org geologika.org

empulia.it enea.it energywatchgroup.org ethicalcorp.com ethrabeniculturali.it expotaranto.com federico-valerio.blogspot.it federicovalerio.splinder.com fermiamoilnucleare .it

emergency.it emi.it

elementari.ilvaprogettoscuole.it

ecoq.it eco-vero.com eco-way.it edizioniambiente.it

documenti.camera.it dorsogna.blogspot.com earthcharterinaction.org earthday.net ecoalfabeta.blogosfere.it ecodallecitta.it ecofatto.it

disarmo.org discoverysail.com

disarmiamoli.org

comune.genova.it comune.grottaglie.ta.it comune.taranto.it comunivirtuosi.org conferenzacambiamenticlimatici2007.it confronti.net consted.com contramianto.bloggatore.com corgiorno.it corporeuscorpora.blogspot.it corrieredelmezzogiorno.corriere.it costidelnonfare.it cronacaeattualita.blogosfere.it curonearticoli.blogspot.com dabpensiero.wordpress.com danieleluttazzi.it decrescita.it decrescitafelice.it

comitatopertaranto.blogspot.com compost.it

climatecolab.org cobat.it codacons.it comeunuomosullaterra.blogspot.com comincialitalia.net comitatodiquartiere.blogspot.com comitatopalestinabologna.blogspot.com

cittadinanzaattivalizzano.blogspot.com city-instruments.eu

centrostudiilva.it chiaianodiscarica.it

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arpa.emr.it arpa.puglia.it arpamedia1.blogspot.com arteduepuntozero.showfarm.com arteterapia.info asca.it assars.it associa.ning.com associazionerut.it bancaetica.com bari.repubblica.it beppegrillo.it beppegrillotaranto.wordpress.com biciclima.it bioagriturismo.verona.it blogactionday.org

arcoiris.tv

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apocalisseitalia.blogspot.com

ansa.it

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ail.taranto.it ncbi.nlm.nih.gov dica33.it facebook.com epiprev.it magicapuglia.blogspot.com siderlandia.it tarantolibera.wordpress.com csvtaranto.org italianostrataranto.it sitaranto.it tarantocity.com tarantosupporters.it vivitaranto.eu tarantovillage.it

scienzaesalute.blogosfere.it unitiperlasalute.blogspot.com

ildialogo.org ilfattoquotidiano.it ilmeridiano.info ilmessaggero.it ilnotiziangolo.it il-ponte.info ilsole24ore.com iltempo.it ilvelino.it inchiestanapoli.it lagazzettadelmezzogiorno.it youreporternews.it palermo.repubblica.it parvapolis.it repubblica.it tiscali.it tmnews.it virgilio.it beppegrillo.it senatoperiragazzi.it antoniodipietro.it ec.europa.eu pdgenova.it prtr.ec.europa.eu arteesalute.blogosfere.it

corgiorno.it corrieredelmezzogiorno.it espresso.it euronews.com

adnkronos.com agenparl.it agi.it alessandrolangiu.it ansa.it asca.it bari.repubblica.it

istitutosviluppo.it radiopopolaresalento.it rai.it regione.lazio.it regione.puglia.it sudinmovimento.com telefree.it alessandroguido.it liberainformazione.org segnourbano.it

gadlerner.it green.tv

blogo.it blogosfere.it cittadinanzaattivalizzano.blogspot.com cronacaeattualita.blogosfere.it editoriaindipendente.it globalproject.info greenbiz.it ilcittadinox.com labuat.wordpress.com nuovosensocivico.blogspot.com petizionepubblica.it saavy.org salentonowar.blogspot.com spartaus.splinder.com suburbanafestival.blogspot.com thescamanti.wordpress.com tuttoilresto-noia.blogspot.com valentinadamico.wordpress.com carta.org comunivirtuosi.org

wikipedia.org conquistedellavoro.it

tarantocontro.blogspot.it fondazioneansaldo.it wikinews.org

ilvataranto.it rivagroup.com

ilvataranto.com

centrostudiilva.it ilvaprogettoscuole.it

centrostudiilva.com

bancaditalia.it

local.it.eea.europa.eu pattomutuosoccorso.org peacelink.it svilupposostenibile.bari.it terrafutura.it cambiamoaria.org conferenzacambiamenticlimatici2007.it lipu.it vigiliamoperladiscarica.it acquabenecomune.org casarinnovabile.it edilportale.com edizioniambiente.it lamiaaria.it lanuovaecologia.it

legambiente.eu legambientetaranto.eu

greenpeace.it

eper.sinanet.apat.it

earthday.net eea.europa.eu

cart.ancitel.it cartadellaterra.it

wwf.it arpa.puglia.it

presidiopermanente.blogspot.com rivoluzioneverde.wordpress.com wecanlivegreen.wordpress.com aia.minambiente.it

pontiniaecologia.blogspot.it

ecoo.it giannimacchia.blogspot.com ioballodasola8.blogspot.com ossincnuc.blogspot.com

comitatopertaranto.blogspot.it ecoalfabeta.blogosfere.it

NEWS BLOG

Focus on the previous graph divided into websites typology.

/Focus

55


The focus / What do the users care for?

What do the users care for? Examining the comments

After we studied the blogs and forums,

how much do the users and the web in

of the Internet experience that was

As we have just seen in the non-news-

there was only another important part missing from our analysis: the com-

ments. The comments are very important because they are the instrument

the average user uses to give oneself a

voice; but the real problem of this precious source in an web protocol is that there isn’t a real actor behind the ava-

tar, even if you geolocalize the origin of the post with Geo-IP.

Once again, we employed our impartial method of using Alchemy API to

extract the relevance of the keywords. The corpus is later analyzed and

cleaned to confront the word count, using the software Wordij, and the

relevance of both our non-newspaper corpus (19 URLs) and our original 320 links corpus; like this we can realize

56

general rely on the same words.

paper chapter, the keywords that re-

sulted from the use of Alchemy API on

the comments corpus, present a higher average relevance in the employment related ones.

In this case the sample of twenty key-

words return use a majority of Health related words but woth a very low

relevance; word as ‘tumori’ or ‘inquinamento’ (tumors and pollution) are gi-

cen back by Alchemy API a lot of times

but the average importance of the word is very low, almost insignificant. On

the contrary ‘lavoratori’ e ‘crisi economica’ (workers and economic crysis) are

both written a lot and the have a high relevance.


COMMENTS

ALCHEMY API

20 OLD KEYWORDS

VS

20 NEW KEYWORDS

57


pro bl

em a

san

stabilimento

Fe rra nt e

ni Cli

What do the users care for?

itar io

ale bient to am amen risan

The focus /

V e nd ol a

cis

l

go ve rno con

str ndu

ia

0.8

0.7

0.5

0.6

0.3

0.4

0.2

0.1

0

Riva

palazzo

Chigi

cu s tod i

ore tum

/Comments analysis 1

am bi

Health Employment

a Ai

ro

Capogrosso

ur op ea

regio ne P uglia

c can

co mm

iss ion ee

pp

o

o on ec

o ic m

58

ilu sv

Wordcount Planet system based on the original keywords, coming from the corpus, and the Alchemy API values extracted by the comment and categorized by Health or Employment

Relevance

en te

giud izia

ri


lo gi c

a

a ni tar io

pe riz

ia

ep id

em

dan n

io

os

ricoveri

Aia

ri ato or v la

de cr e

to

sa lv a-

ilv a

m

Ă l it ta or

fer ie

for zat e

tum

ori

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.1

0.2

0

sindaca ti

Relevance

investim

enti

emis sion i no cive

e erv i nt

u utt str nti

di os sin a

/Comments analysis 2 Health Employment

ie is cr

Wordcount im tto pa am

nto me

e al nt

a uin

e bi

inq

om i ca

le disastro ambienta

ec on

ca

ibi litĂ

boni

i ns os ten

Arrangement of the new keywords extracted from the comments and ordered by relevance and grouped by Health or Employment 59

n co

a ic om

i ral


The focus / Final comparison

Final comparison

Summing up the words

The comparison is meant to analyze in what quantity the keywords are present in the texts of the four categories: non-newspapers websites, comments, and both newspapers, bari.repubblica and ilcorrieredelmezzogiorno. For each of these types it has been taken into consideration about the same amount of text (350 articles / post); these are then analyzed with the wordcount, either through the use of www.wordcount.pro and Wordij, after having exported the text from the html. As already did with the comments this comparison was carried out between two groups of keywords. he first group includes the 20 keywords result of the initial phase (go and see chapter “Semantically Speaking�). The second group is instead constituted by 20 most relevant keywords extracted by the body of the websites through Alchemy API. Given the huge amount of 60

text that was extracted by the original 320 Urls we decided to only analyze a specimen of our case study. We randomly sampled seven pages for each field (again two newspapers websites, the comments and the other urls) and fed them, all twenty-four, to Alchemy API. Once we had the definitive data we normalized it to the total basing the calculus on the previous results we had.


CORPUS

ALCHEMY API

20 OLD KEYWORDS

VS

20 NEW KEYWORDS

61


The focus /

Final comparison

900

800

700

600

500

400

300

Comments

Corriere del Mezzogiorno

ve ci no ni io iss Em ri ve co Ri e tto tal pa en Im bi to en am am in qu In ro le st ta sa en Di bi am a fic ni Ă Bo ilit ib en ica st so om ica In on om ec on ec isi Cr ti en li r v ra te tu In ut r ti st en im st ve In i at ac nd e Si at rz fo rie Fe o et a cr -Ilv De lva sa ori t ra vo La

ca gi lo

a Ai ri ve co rio Ri ta ni sa o nn

Da

ia io riz m Pe ide ep Ă lit ta

or

M

62

i or m Tu

Comparison of the initial twenty keywords, extracted from the corpus, between both the newspapers, the blogs and the comments.

0 La Repubblica Bari

100 Blogs

200

/Comparison


900 800 700 600 500 400 300

/Comparison 2 200

Blogs Comments

100

La Repubblica Bari Corriere del Mezzogiorno

0

Cu i ar

zi

di

iu

ig

te en

od st

bi Am

a Ai

ro nc Ca so os gr po ia Ca gl Pu e on gi ne Re io iss m m ea Co rop eu o o pp ic ilu om Sv on ec e or m i Tu ig Ch

no

la

o zz la

va

Pa

Ri

r ve Go

do

n Ve

ria st du

i in to Cl en m le na ta sa en Ri bi o am ent ilim ab St a m le o ob ari Pr it n sa e nt rra Fe

sl

Ci

n nfi Co

Comparison of the new found twenty keywords, extracted from a new corpus made by every discovered sound, between both the newspapers, the blogs and the extracted comments. 63


64


Chapter 4

Concluding

65


Concluding

Concluding

Drawing together the threads

The outcome of our protocol is clear:

The other side of Internet’s coin is the

other URLs. The alliance that this web

type of web-pages, are the News. This

and re-shared, content. Blogs and the

important, even if not always updated

their mass media counterparts; they

informations. Every instance of the

the main Internet actor, as defined as was foreseeable being our protocol

based on a media and political event

that is mainly known for by its mass communication.

The newspapers are the most impor-

tant actors due to their production of

actual data and the alliances they have with every other web typology, they

have at least 80% of Ilva’s case weight online. The contents of these kind of

articles are slightly different from each head newspaper; this difference is interesting to analyze while connecting the same data from the net of actors

and the themes the newspaper talks

about. This is highlights by the num-

ber of linked articles that define where the users prefer to speak.

66

user generated, or in this case modified actor tied is very strong making him an other URLs are a lot more biased than

aren’t obliged to follow a political nor

social correctness or a truthful address. This can be seen in the semantic study, done with Alchemy API, that defines

what do people speak about and which

important words they use; in fact even if the protocol is meant to analyze the macro themes that the debate offers,

this kind of study is meant to fragment the vocabulary used and give us back the details of the Internet tissue.

An example is Comitatopertaranto.

blogspot.it, a blog that is core of the

non-newspaper websites net; this site

connects to the both the main newspapers, by quoting their articles, and the

to the last news, place to debate or get protocol might come in contact with

this kind of prime websites, this has

to be taken in mind when tracking the next levels when performing a crawl.

When looking for the semantic part of Internet, among the most important

keywords, is easy to find some names of the actual controversy actors. As

predictable the main names that are found are the ones of Ilva’s owners

and other politicians that are directly involved in this debate. On the other

part is strange to find names wthat are a part of the worker’s unions and even specific workers.

Understanding what are they talk-


ing about or who they are talking

most tackled topic is the risk of unem-

more sporadic, they always have very

vocabulary but also the web’s public

the newspapers but also in the com-

themes/words, as workers, govern-

about helps us sculpt not only the web opinion. No matter how complex the

issue is, there are always main topics to drive the debate; the initial part of

the protocol helps us finding them so

later every time we analyze the text in

a qualitative way we can categorize our results.

At this point we discovered that the focus of controversy, the Health or

Employment debate, is not as black

and white as one could think; even if

we are talking about serious topics and about people’s lives being in danger

not everyone’s opinion was in favor of

ployment. Not only this is shown by ment analysis; even if it poses more

health related websites that employ-

ment, establishment and Aia.

The process is designed to make us un-

ment ones, the average relevance of the derstand how Internet’s users live the latter is way higher than the first.

event we chose to analyze, and can be

merged in a single one when making

create controversies between the people

Every analysis is then simplified and

the final comparison; newspapers are always present when analyzing both

the initial keywords, that are extracted from the corpus, and the new made

one, the sampling of all the newspa-

pers’ articles, the blogs and the comments. They are not just present but

they are often the ones that have the

Health preservation. As a matter of fact higher amount of times the word is analyzing the protocol’s results one

written (the values were normalized to

burst due to sanitary problems, the

rable); on the contrary blogs are a lot

could see that even if the controversy

little importance expect in some hot

used as a format for future issues that and the media. When an argument

comes to light and it is geographically framed, there are different parts that argue through mass media instru-

ments and the one that suffers the

change is not particularly bounded,

this protocol can be executed to help

us understand how we, as citizens of a country and the web, are living it.

a value of 300.000 to make the compa-

67


Politecnico di Milano Scuola del design / Design della comunicazione Density 8.0

68

Luca D’Onofrio Pietro Guinea Montalvo Mariangela Labranca Giovanni Magni Carolina Mauri

Working Class Hero - The ILVA case  

DensityDesign Research Lab. A.Y. 2012-2013. Integrated Course Final Synthesis Studio. Credits: Luca D'Onofrio, Pietro Guinea Montalvo, Maria...

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