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“What information do Italian people get when looking for advice on EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION?” THE MORNING-AFTER PILL IN ITALY


PROJECT BY: Viviana Ferro Ilaria Pagin Sara Pandini Federica Sciuto Elisa Zamarian


SUMMARY

Introduction:

3

_Introduction _Hot topic _The Italian Situation _General scheme _Levels visualization

5 6 7 8 9

Chapter 1: _Google queries _Navicrawler analysis _Categories _Gephi analysis _Single gephi analysis

11 12 13 14 15 16 / 25

Chapter 2:

27

_Overlap categories _Main Links

28 29

Chapter 3:

31

_AlchemyAPI analysis _Entities scheme

32 33

Chapter 4:

35

_Opinion leaders names _H-index scheme

36 37

Conclusions

38


INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION

family planning socio economic implications the infographic woman condition

HOT TOPIC

why emergency pill? focus on the effects of family planning google trends: international situation about emergency pill

THE ITALIAN SITUATION

the morning-after pill in Italy: data and factions of thought

GENERAL SCHEME all steps of our work

LEVELS VISUALIZATION and their colours


ICPD 1995 programme of action startup

INTRODUCTION FAMILY PLANNING SOCIO ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS

TOTAL FUNDS for population activities (millions of current US $)

WOMAN CONDITION

REVISED COST ESTIMATES (2008)

70.000 60.000 50.000 40.000 30.000

Our project presents Socioeconomic family planning implications as main theme and in the first part of research, the work focused on the reason why family planning has been established. The International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994 deemed family planning as one of the essential means to meet the Millennium Development Goals: Reduce widespread poverty, hunger, disease and gender inequality by 2015. As the end of the ICPD Programme of Action approaches, it has been interesting to analyse how the reached level of funds actually influenced the Countries in which these funds were invested.

20.000 10.000 5.000 0

FAMILY PLANNING funds (millions of current US $)

REVISED COST ESTIMATES (2008)

3.000

2.500

2.000

1.500

World

1.000

India Sub-saharan Africa

500 0

GDP GROWTH RATE

LDC AVERAGE

WORLD AVERAGE

8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% 0% -1.5% -2.5%

POPULATION GROWTH RATE

LDC AVERAGE

WORLD AVERAGE

2.8% 2.6% 2.4% 2.2% 2%

THE INFOGRAPHIC

1.8% 1.6% 1.4% 1.2% 1% 0.8%

In the topside of the poster, the system map was represented with the metaphor of Newton’s Cradle: The funds, coming from different institutions, are sent to developing and least developed countries to be invested in different activities, which have an effect on society, population and economics. These effects spring back directly through all the stakeholders, reaching again the international level that decides future actions. To understand the quality of these invest-

0.6% 0.4% 0.2% 0%

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

ments, the second part of the infographic was showing a comparison between average trends of the world and of LDC, trying to find a possible relation between quantity of funds, population growth and economic evolution.

The last part then concentrates on the conditions of women, the improvement of which is at the basis of a global change: the areas taken into consideration are India, first country to apply FP programmes, and Sub-Saharan Africa, region coping with the greatest difficulties in the world. In a second moment, the focus moved to the health topic, as contraceptives is a hot topic, especially recently, and comprehends both economical resources, because of farmaceutical industry, and ethic problems, as one of the main controversy about family planning is about its rightness from a religious point of view. The morning-after pill is considered an emergency contraceptive, Italy is the only country in which a prescription is needed. Moreover, some doctors refuse to give consent to the prescription and we thought this could be an interesting focus for the project.


HOT TOPIC

WHY EMERGENCY PILL? FOCUS ON THE EFFECTS OF FAMILY PLANNING

GOOGLE TRENDS: INTERNATIONAL SITUATION ABOUT EMERGENCY PILL

100 80 60 40 20 2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Education Women emancipation Mother and infant mortality Abortion number Fertility

CHANGES IN SOCIETY

CHANGES IN POPULATION

CHANGES IN ECONOMY

Religion Local beliefs Families Urbanisation Price

Demography Labour force Health

GDP

FILTERS

Local socio-economic conditions Community-level characteristics Literacy rate State machinery Efficiency of related services Media F.P. Clinics Pharmaceutical industries Hospitals Education in schools Media

Delivery methods

Before starting our research and deciding which would have been our main question, we analyzed the topic with Google Trends. It’s evident that the controversy is increasing, especially because there is a discussion about the funcioning of the morning-after pill: is it abortive or not? Does it interfere with the implantation of a fertilized egg? Often, from an ethical point of view, the pill is considered abortive and then conscentious objectors refuse to prescribe it, even if the the law doesn’t refers to medicines but only to the practice of surgery for abortion.


Morning-after pill % Usage

THE ITALIAN SITUATION

Lombardia: 20,4% Veneto: 17,9% Toscana: 20,3% Molise: 9,4% Lazio: 16,3% Calabria: 9,3%

THE MORNING-AFTER PILL IN ITALY: DATA AND FACTIONS OF THOUGHT In Italy emergency contraception is available in pharmacies and hospitals, but a medical prescription is needed to buy it, so first of all, it is necessary to find a willing doctor, that’s not an easy task, and often results in a lot of hours spent in different hospital lounges. The effectiveness of the pill is higher the sooner you take it after an intercourse, so the time to obtain it should be minimized, eliminating the obstacles. At first aid points, the morning-after pill can be prescribed to people, including minors, as they’re deemed by the law 194/78 “sexually released” by the age of 16. The Catholic Church has raised many objections to the use of the emergency pill, claiming that its presence in the market is wrong, as it has the explicit aim to abort. Consequently, all the doctors are firmly incited to practice moral objection and to refuse to prescribe the pill. However, conscientious objection only refers to abortion surgery and it’s not available for medicines also, so the morning-after pill falls within the normal jurisdiction of the doctor-patient relationship: the first one cannot deny the treatment required by the second one only on the basis of his own moral beliefs.

370 thousand sold packages

55% sold to teenagers between 14 and 19

of which

PROS

CONS

In italy the prescription is a

Conscientious objection

vailable for underage people also

prevent the prescription

Medicine prescription is considered emergency service, so it can prevent ulterior risks

Italian medical research confirms that the pill is not abortive, because it inhibit ovulation.

Catholic Church considers the consumption of the pill as aiming to abortion

Because of religious controversies, Italy is the only country where a prescription is required


GENERAL SCHEME ALL THE STEPS OF OUR WORK Google Queries 200 starting links

The research protocol starts from 200 links, which are analyzed with Navicrawler, then the useless or irrelevant links, as advertising, are cutted off. This step leads to a total of 1588 links, that are visualized thanks to Gephi, and from which are extracted the main entities with AlchemyAPI. Afterwards all the links are divided into 6 categories, which are pointed out graphically in the gephi results. The entities are also divided in categories and the final outcome should be scientific characters such as doctor or authors, who are researched in Google Scholar to understand who they are, what they wrote and what weigh in the medical world they have.

NAVICRAWLER FILTER_cut out irrilevant links 1588 link

GEPHI

ALCHEMYapi tagging

CATEGORIES

CATEGORIES

ACTOR RELATIONS MAP

SEMANTIC DIFFERENCES

opinion leader names GOOGLE SCHOLAR


LEVELS VISUALIZATION AND THEIR COLORS This kind of research can be visualized as levels put one on the other, as the kind of information we get is more and more specific: starting from the 200 links analyzed and visualized with Navicrawler and Gephi, the categories and overlaps are identified, then a further step consists in the detection of the most recurrent words (entities) and names. The passage is thus from something general as the links, to something specific as the single person, like a doctor or author, passing through the category to which a link belongs. We assigned a color to every level, that will be a chapter of our report. Those colors helped us to subdivide the work more clearly.

ENTITIES AND KEY WORDS With AlchemyAPI we found the main words that can be read in the links and their relevance. So we evidenced the leading terms. OPINION LEADER NAMES In the file achived with AlchemyAPI we extract the name most relevants. We found the relevance of each one with Google Scholar, eliciting the h-index value.

NETWORK OF THE QUERIES

OPINION LEADER NAMES Google Scholar

After the generation of 5 queries, we made the network of the links come out. With Gephi we created a scheme to visualize those connections.

ENTITIES AND KEY WORDS AlchemyAPI

QUERIES OVERLAP

NETWORK OF THE QUERIES Gephi / Navicrawler

The second step of our work was to underline the overlap of the links of each query. So we made some visualization that can show what links are in common between queries.

QUERIES OVERLAP Gephi / Excel


CHAPTER 1 GOOGLE QUERIES NAVICRAWLER ANALYSIS reduction process links

CATEGORIES and icons

examples and icons

GEPHI ANALYSIS

the network visualized in a complete scheme

SINGLE QUERIES ANALYSIS


GOOGLE QUERIES

The first step is the identification the queries that are to be searched in Google.com; there are 5 different queries, whose aim is to obtain an higher number of results, with links belonging to different categories: a query like “levonorgestrel or norlevo” will conduct to scientific links in an easier way, while “aborto del giorno dopo” aims to find religious blogs or moral controversies. For each query, the first hundred links were taken into consideration and gradually put in an excel file, so they could be prepared to the analysis with Navicrawler. The double links or irrelevant links were eliminated from the excel files.


NAVICRAWLER ANALYSIS REDUCTION PROCESS LINKS

After eliminating the unproductive links from the results of the five queries, there has been the analysis with Navicrawler to detect the first connections between links. We got a total of 5240 links, from which there has been eliminated non funcioning links, advertising and links with only one connection (leaves).

200 starting links

NAVICRAWLER FILTER_cut out irrilevant links

1588 links

INFORMATION

MEDICINE

OPINION

SALE

RELIGION

NEWS

IRRILEVANT

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

37,5%

13,8%

11,6%

1,8%

15,1%

18,5%

2,8%


CATEGORIES AND ICONS To make a useful division of the kind of information that a user can find while searching news about emergency contraceptive, there has been established 6 categories. the first one is “information”, that encloses all the links that give neutral report of effects and funcioning of the morning-after pill; “religion” includes all the blogs, websites and discussion about the morning-after pill being abortive or not from an ethical point of view; “news” for online magazines and articles; “medicine” includes those websites that are or refer to scientific papers, “sale” for online clinics or shops; “opinion” encloses blogs and user experiences, selfbased information websites, such as the description of the steps in a hospital to obtain the prescription of the emergency pill. Here are some examples of the links we found and categorized.

EXAMPLES AND ICONS

INFORMATION

RELIGION

www.salute.gov.it

This website is administrated by the government, the information are available to the citizens, they’re given according to the law and in the most complete and neutral form.

MEDICINE This website contains many kind of information: it has a magazine part for the news, a section in which making questions to a doctor aggiungere is possible and other parts in which information are mostly scientific.

www.vitadidonna.it

This acronym uccr means “unione cristiani cattolici razionali” and it’s a website created by some students to talk about religious matters in relation with the everyday life.

SALE

http://magazine.paginemediche.it

NEWS

www.uccronline.it

-

This website is connected to an association and gives information and news about the main trends to improve the health and how to behave in case of difficulty.

www.121doc.it

This is an online private clinic. It’s possible to buy medicines and get informations about health. In some cases it’s possible to get medicines recipes by answering a brief questonnaire.

OPINION genitoricrescono.com

This website was founded by 2 friends to talk about their experiences as parents. In the websites there are news, advices, stories, people who ask questions and opinions.


GEPHI ANALYSIS THE NETWORK VISUALIZED IN A COMPLETE SCHEME

To gain a visual result that would have made what kind of relations lie between the found links more clear, we used Gephi: it’s a program that uses a force atlas 2 algorithm and it’s a way to visualize how links are connected to each other. In this way it was also possible to identify a hierarchy between links, to eliminate the leaves and keep all the links with an higher number of connections.


QUERY 1 CONTRACCEZIONE DI EMERGENZA

INFORMATION: 1_www.salute.gov.it 2_it.wikipedia.org 3_www.lucacoscioni.it 4_www.pilloladelgiornodopo.it

1 1

MEDICINE:

4

1_magazine.paginemediche.it 2_nuke.massimotombesi.it

SALE: 3

1_www.121doc.it

1

2

OPINION:

2

1_blog.donnamoderna.com 2_www.aduc.it 3_salute.aduc.it

NEWS:

2

3

1

1

1_www.vitadidonna.it

RELIGION: 1_www.academiavita.org

1


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Writing in the searchbar “contraccezione d’emergenza”, it is possible to find every kind of link, belonging to all the categories. The results of the research were various and different from each other, neverthless the category with the highest number of link is information: salute.gov.it is one of the main websites and it appears in other queries, moreover it’s linked basically to other information (wikipedia) or medicine websites. At last, there are the categories of news and sale, even if religion didn’t have a big part in the graphic from Gephi, either. Observing the connections between websites, we could see that magazine.paginemediche.it is connected only to medicine websites, while to the opinion blog donnamoderna.it are linked websites from almost every category.

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THE SUBDIVISION OF THE LINKS


QUERY 2 LEVONORGESTREL OR NORLEVO

INFORMATION: 1_en.wikipedia.org 2_www.who.int 3_ec.princeton.edu 4_it.wikipedia.org 5_www.torrinomedica.it 6_birthcontrolnews.org 7_www.treccani.it 8_www.comodo.it 9_www.levo4u.com 10_www.nationalpartnership.org

2

1 7 6

4

MEDICINE: 1_www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov 2_www.nhs.uk 3_www.rxlist.com 4_www.albanesi.it 5_www.paginesanitarie.com 6_druginfo.nlm.nih.gov

5

1

6

2

5

3 4

SALE:

2

1_www.euroclinix.it 2_ www.121doc.it

OPINION:

8

1

10

1_www.comitatoveritaevita.it 3

1


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As expected by searcing the name of the active principle of the morning-after pill and it’s market name, the main links belong to 2 categories: medicine and information. Sale and religion are almost absent, but the second one is linked to an opinion website, and this in not unusual: religion blogs are often linked to opinion websites. As it can be seen in the graphic on the left, there are 2 kind of links: primary links (circles with number) and secondary links (simple circles). The principal links belongs mainly to the information category, followed by medicine, news, opinion, sale and religion. It was exactly as expected, since we tried to search this kind of keywords to obtain scientific websites.

it o. rd k na .u o e m nh s . e.l co k inine. vice l v.u on nl k er go ct. rie o .u rys k tatarigeovqui hs.u .dire i n i . n k sa an dh eenct. ces ne es p. in ire rvi k s.u k uk gi in .w nl sd uk -se s.u .nh s.u hs. ppa agwww.o.nhov. pe s.nhfreet.nihde.n wwwwww.g.dwaleoke.scogu k wwwwww.w.sm owhelprg.u.uk wwwwww.shselfib.ogov.uk .uk k wwwww. .rn psi..gov.gouvk hs.uk.nhs.u.uk wwwww.o.oftfste.dnhs.sa.n aless.nhs wwwwww.o.ntwes.niprecte.wcordhs.uk wwwwww.n.nrhssdcareerers.n arc.uk .gov.uk wwwwww.nhhsc.a ce wwwwww.n.mrectoffi k .uk k hs.u.nhsn.u .n .gov wwww.m x .uk w ww.l.libraisrlyatios.u ll.nhs w ww .leg s.nh k w ww .job s.uk tycarefora w ww .ic.nh quali w ww .high k w ww ov.u ce.nhs.uk w ww.g viden o.fr w ww.e octissim .uk w ww.d ect.gov w ww.dir ov.au w ww.dhi.g .gov.uk w y.nwleics h.va.gov mww.researc t w ww.orpha.ne w ww.nihms.nih.gov w .nice.org.uk www www.ncbi.nih.gov www.mgu.har.mrc.ac.uk www.mgc.har.mrc.ac.uk www.hsrd.research.va.gov www.d hhs.gov www.cance gov onlinelibraryr..wil ey.com www.un.org www .theatlantic ww w www..apclannedpar.ceom nthoodac well.blo lu.org jeze tion.org g s. wwwb.tel.comnytimes.co m ww inform w hhesd ww ationst w..nnim i ww r e c t .n a h w w w ww .mer .nih.g hs.uk ndard.org w ww .ico. ck.co ov w ww .unaigdosv.ukm wwww.a.m inist .org n w w e l a r w . ww w.pcom ids.itosalu te.it wwwwww. .laqillolaoddo.it wwwwww.tfuatmuigerciaei5gio w w ww ww.r.raeputociltitadommillenrnido w b i . a a . p it b .i a r po ww wwwf w.g.inparlam lica.it ni.it ia.org.it wwwwwww..iit azzse.it ent t m s w a w .ags.i ttau o.it ffic wwwwwps.u.uchent iale wwwwww.lu.scechicicazgiafa w .it w wwww.t.eu ca gli ag o.erm w w .s im ro co tu o. d ac w. .ru an e p sc .it ed u o.g m 4 te .coarl io u o v.i ar 86 .g m .eu ni. t ie .o ou ro it st rg v op .fr pa. eu es .o rg .au

rg v.au .o er .go u rg uk um vic .o g. ns h. .eu ed as or o .uk alt pa n. ip a. dc ov e ro to rg g w. .fp o .g rh u ce .or k .o w w .fo h tte a.e rin g wwwwww.d.bes.ee s.ps.org hec ights w w wort.wwecu .orityc omver g w l i c i p g j.or ww ep w .s ht ea rs. ct .or u dn r r u r wwwww. .rh uteodoice .edorg hoo r n . e t w wwwwwww.r.reprochcetouncial renn.edu .com n wwwww.p.prionpconedpceto rtio wwwwww.p.planr.prinrg onaboorg.uk . i w w www.opow.oicatopes d n t w wwwwww. .mearie4su.com du vo rg o.jhu.e wwwww.m w w w.l.keff.poie gg om w a.cm wwww.j.ihppf-.oprharm w ww .hra pages.co w ww .gyn org w ww .fsrh. fo.org w in .uk c w ww w.cero u oko.onrg ww b t v.ed wpwr.wp.rince o ata.fda.gov o ww.usa.gss d gov w ww.acce .ni willbox.nlm h.h. p lm.ni gov www.n .nih.goavnk.ca www www.drugb icaltrials.gov aign.org www.chlin enationalcamp www.t m www.sciencedaily.cothood.org www.plannedparen www.fda.gov ww en w.bmj.com. w .wikipedia.org ecww.who.int it .princeton.ed w.wikipedia.o u biww.torrin rg w rthcont omedica.it w ww.tre rolnews.org w ww.co ccani.it w ww.le modo w ww.n vo4u.c .it w ww. ation om w ww pagin alpar w ww .pagi esan tnersh o ww .pag nesa itaaririetv.nipe.org mss- .pa ineesanniit etv t w onsper-gcin li san tarieo .com wwwwit.to oraggn.a- geintaz rieonnlline.it wwwwww.if.merdrinoio m farm iafa ine.c wwwwww.f.hsoa.it .jhu.eedicaaci.argmaco.iom awpwww.csnomntalu du .org enziafta rma owbwpwlic.acri.eitrmeceo.citia.it co.it wwwgwyn.bstdion. g.it wwwww. .he.bsd.uchfnom wwwwww.gphaalth.uchicag ceo wwwwww.b.lillymc-rmaonnicago.ed.it pwwwww.b.geaye.couk.ocyr et.o o.e u wwwhar w.o.weooronr.itm rg egulrg du w w m si b ts. .co ati w. .e a.b ris m w m on d e mm .or ededayetx.co.bobmd g ile ici r.co m ots .co xicne m .co m h m o n. eal o r th g .c om

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THE SUBDIVISION OF THE LINKS


QUERY 3 “PILLOLA DEL GIORNO DOPO” OR PDGD

INFORMATION:

2

1_www.salute.gov.it 2_www.gyneconline.net 3_femminismi.wordpress.com 4_magazine.paginemediche.it 5_www.aied.it 6_ it.wikipedia.org 7_www.vitadidonna.it

3

3

MEDICINE:

1

1

1_nuke.massimotombesi.it

SALE:

7

4

1_www.121doc.it 2_www.euroclinix.it

OPINION:

4

2 6

5

4

2

1_genitoricrescono.com 2_www.comitatoveritaevita.it 3_www.aduc.it 4_salute.aduc.it

1

1

5 1

NEWS:

2

1_www.radicaliroma.com 2_vulcanostatale.blogspot.it

1 3

RELIGION: 1_holyqueen.altervista.org 2_christusveritas.altervista.org 3_marcodaviano.wordpress.com 4_www.alleanzacattolica.org 5_ www.vatican.va

2


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om r.c de in pl .s ta vi rla it it .it pe c. c. to du du uc ad ita .a .a m he ine it e. co og nl c. ion .it it w. .dr so du az uc .uk c. rg it r t o d u o o a i . ww ww w.s tlc. mig a.a c.c .ad uc. om gs b. w w w. im atu .bb nto .ad .it ot.c oblo tawe w . il s e p a ww ww w.d ew lam enzeaduc logs ud.n og.k w w .n ar ert re. .b a-s .bl m w ww .p vv sti -on o- ini co ot. w ww w.a ve ay ism per g w w .in -m in lip .or logsp et w ww .on mm na lce .b .n w w fe da do me am ww ww. .lore ntro dino sterd .it w ww .rie ra am duc w ww .chia mm li.a e.it w ww ma ina ical h w w. am ad .c a m m t r wwww.s adio uspd itz.co no.co t w ww.r vss- .sn sco vita.i w ww.s orum oricre ritae w ww.f enit atove w ww.g omit t t w .c c.i uc.i w ww w.adulute.ad g.com ww w.sa rldma .it ww w.wo nuova rg ww w.citta zym.o m .it ww .kora es.co blica wwww.latimca.repubnet ww w.ricer idiario. ww w.ilsuss g ww .zenit.or .it www .avvenire a.it www lfoglio.it zaroman www.i orrisponden e.it www.cvulcanostatal a.it www. emi.repubblic www.t wf.it www.w tizionionline.it gspot.com www.pe ostatale.blo www.vulcan www.asca.it www.change.org ataweb.it www.cittadinolex.k www.ilgiornale.it www.liquida.it www.corriere.it www.associazionelucacoscioni.it www.europaquotidian www.roma.repubblic o.it a.it www.roma.corri ere.it www.natu www.wa re.com www.milshingtonpost.com www.j ano.repubblica.it www. ournals.elsevi www. nytimes.com er.com www. lastampa.it www newnotizie. it www .agi.it www .fhi.org ww .qn.qu ww w.medscotidiano ww w.mpv. ape.com.net ww w.ilme org ww w.libe ssagg ww w.tv. ro.it ero.it ww w.vit repub ww w.pi adido blica.i w w.d ane nna.o t ta w ww w.q iregio donn rg w w.t uotid vani. a.it w ww.a echn iano tv w ww.f nsa orati.csanit w ww.c amig.it om a.it w ww. hie lia w ww rad sa.e cris w ww .vulc icali spr tian w ww .ho an rom ess a.it w ww .ch lyqu ost a.c o.re w ww .m rist ee atale om pubb lica w ww .al arc usv n.a .b .it w ww .va lea oda eri lter log w w .f ti nz vi tas vis spo w c a o a w ww .t co an ca no .alt ta.o t.it w w .b otu lar .va ttoli .wor ervis rg ca dp ta w w w.l lo st e. .or res .or w w w. ib gc uu org g s.c g w w w. ve ert att s.b om ww ww w.fecomritae aep olic iz w. .sc de ita vit erso i.bl ce ie rvi tov a.b na ogs sn nz ta er lo .o po ur aev pie ita gsp rg t.c .o it m ev ot om r a o g . or nte ita.d .com g .i o t cv ita .c om

Also this query got variegated results, as the keywords were simply an utility name as “pillola del giorno dopo or pdgd”. The interesting thing is that religion, news and opinion has almost the same number of websites in the less relevant links, while in the main junctions information got the first place, again, followed by religion. The strange thing is that one would expect that, in this query, the results for medicine and religion would have been even, while there’s no news in finding again information as the main category in both the primary and secondary links (cf. to the scheme on the left page). From a qualitative point of view, it’s interesting to notice how the religious websites are almost always linked to other religious websites, with a small variation of opinion or news.

om

THE SUBDIVISION OF THE LINKS


QUERY 4 “PILLOLA DEL GIORNO DOPO” ABORTO

INFORMATION: 1

1_www.centrodonnalisa.it 2_www.vitadidonna.it 3_it.wikipedia.org

SALE:

5

1_www.121doc.it 4

OPINION: 1_salute.aduc.it 2_www.svss-uspda.ch 3_www.aduc.it 4_www.sorelleditalia.net 5_genitoricrescono.com 6_www.comitatoveritaevita.it 7_www.bios.bologna.it 8_www.bastabugie.it 9_www.fuocovivo.org 10_www.libertaepersona.org

NEWS:

2 5 8

3 2

3

1

3 1

1

1_www.mpv.org 2_www.zenit.org

2

4

6

8 9

RELIGION: 1_www.uccronline.it 2_blogcattolici.blogspot.it 3_holyqueen.altervista.org 4_costanzamiriano.com 5_www.segnideitempi.org 6_difendilavita.altervista.org 7_christuscastitas.altervista.org 8_www.vatican.va 9_www.postaborto.it

10

2 1

7

6 9

7


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it uk e. v. rg .o nn t go m do a.i n. .co it ign it sa blic atio ere li ca. pa v . a m .go .c b c s w pu edu nes ubb alca aco w w v.re w. .be .repa.eu tionfarm g t w w n o p na i a u . f r .or w w la ro he nz ed uv od w i eu .t ge n. go m c. w .a m e. rg .org ntho e w w 1.u nt 6.o ce re w w w .sa 48 oi pa uk w w w ru ch ed ov. .i t w w w. pro nn t.g to i t w w w. pl a en e n i gi . w w w. at l am ch w w w.p ar zzo g it w w w.p al a .or te . w w .p ow ov osal u w ww .n ih.g te r w w w . n i ni s nt w ww .m .i t a.eu.i a.e u ne t w ww .i ss rop rop bo. w ww .e u a.e u bim w w w . e f s o un u w ww .ce rc ov.a w ww rc.g i .i t w ww.a nim tu.i t .org w se rs.u ce gli uncil i.it u ww.s opco scion w ww.p caco o.i t .eu w ww.l uove rn .e uropa w ww.g roparl rg w ww.e u cinf o.o ih.gov .n w w.ce i.nlm ww w.ncb com fo ww w.bmj. ardino.i n ww w.i lbugi hia.i t ww w.ce li ac .info ww iardino ce zi one.it li bug .sicontrac m www yti mes.cole donne .it www.n ibreri adel www.laie .it we b.i t www. nadli ppe ri ni.blog.kata l ore da da.gov www.f pubblica.i t www.re .org www.pnas iamil l e naria.org www.l aquerc www.etymonline.com www.02blog.it ricerca.repubblica.it archiviostorico.corri ere .i t www.vi e nie ve drai.i t www.who.int www.tuttocitta.i t www.s te.g ov.it www.r alu gi one.calabr www evo ro.go t i a.it www..la lia.gov.iv.i www.iita t ww spesl .it ww w.inai l .i t di g wn.comune.ro a.it wwila w.ddoenr.li bero.m www i t n ww .torri e .vi te das ww w.me nome d al vare .ai d os.i t wwww.prchd.oi ci nae pei ca.it rsona .gu rg w .org heww.gy ttmac w al thr npage sh.ce r.org om wwww.e meform.k w w.p a.e ff.o w ww. harm urop rg w ww.gmhra acy a.e u w ww mc .gov re gulati on.o wwww.fi.aap.o-uk.org.uk rg w w go rg w w w . he . or w ww .mr al th g wwww.d.hc-sc.ac.uonnet ww w. oh c.gc k .org . o w w g .c w ww .g si ri ov. a w w .f ero stx. uk w w w.c ond n.c com m w w.a st. az om wwy.ww.ar srmgov.ui one s h . w s w w eb p. org k anra ffa w al w .12 md org ele w w ute .no 1d .c w w w .a rl oc om .i t ge www.a.svs ducevo .i t . w w wwnito .so ducs-us.it com w ww . ri re .it pd w . co cr ll e a. w b m es d .b io it co ita ch as s.b at n li ta o ov o.c a.n bu l o e r om e g t i gi na ta e . .i e i t t vi t a.i t

m g m .co or co g a. m ta ss. or n co vi it re o. so t. oc e. dp i v e r po .d nt or ov ep gs ita o m oc rta blo aev iemt.co it nia.ws.com . o s .fu be a. it ap o w li it er i t sp g na i l re w . ev v rv og or tia ab p g w wwri taitatoedeo.bl are. cris dabworda.or t w e m .f i v ol li a io a. i st a.i v o w ov oc i g om cci rv en c e i ww m .f am ol ro l t -s g .i t uo www.f popsul l abi a.aevitata.or .org gi a w e i e wwsci t casanofoenza aev i gl i tag u na tia sci e nz fam g ne -s om u ri s w. sci m .or mo s.c c w w. oru ur l ti re s w w w.f esn ci de rdp om w . c i g w o s . c om e .i t com ww w am f.or ro. re s ot.c wwww. .di sze phi ordplogsp.i t ovi ve rpre ss. i w b e d w w l . . d r r wwingeovi votal e scorri e e -vog is.wo w om li be ra. zion ti on m u uod mao oci a e rsa n.co q 7esi .ass onv rg lebe 2 w oc o.o dasti n ww ue rrfe c.i l -doi tz.com pe w ng-f it w w rum.sne we gul ogna. e b.org .b .bo nw fo w wwww.savome not.org .i t w ww.w mi ni s com e .mybl og w .fe blr. ti cant wwzw .i t com 3.tum praic pa a8cattoliica d ale li nde r. un w.rad oerarl avita.stp wwmi tatop o.aduc.i t co me nt e .aduc.i parlaig razi on i mmghe.aduc.it dro tua.aduc.it .it dila rte nze.aduc avve t tlc.adul ic.i ne .aduc.it sosonti re. aduc.it .org i nves adic lparty www.r li.aaduc .it stami na ot.i t chiaradinome.blogsp on-may-on.blogspot.com fi rmi amo.i t www.rientrodolce .org www.mammamsterdam.net www.donnepe nsanti.net www.bl i mund www.anti vi a.net perfectio ol enzadonna.it chiarad conversati onis.bl ogspot.com www. inome .blogspot.com www maschi le plurale www .malve stite .ne .it war .arcile sbi ca t sud ne r.bl ogs.n .it ww de ge nere . yti mes.com ww w.mamm wordpre ss.co m f e w.i l corp amster da m ww minism ode ll e do m.blogspot.c om ww w.usci o-a-sud nne .ne ww w.ma amoda .noblo t w w.do re aonl l si l e nzio.ogs.org rg l e ww.ca nne alt i ne .i t fl ari be ll dmi.o ri .i t w t.nob ul e .no rg w ww.m l ogs.o blogs.o rg w ww.z pv.o rg w ww. eni t rg w ww. wash .org n ww natu ingt w ews .jou re .c onpo v ww .bbc rnals om st.com a i tad .vi t .co.u .e ls w sso ido adi d k evier.c i n wwciaz nna onn om w te .qu i on .bl o a.o w wwrruz oti e l u gsp rg w w .p i on di a caco ot. w w w.r e ti ed no sci com w w w.l adi zi o i gr san oni z w w. i qu cal ni o avi i ta. .wuf o w en w. ass id i ro nl i dan i t o .co w w i t. ag oc a.i t ma.cne.i t za.tu m w w w org e nsi ri azi o om mb w w w .l i b . i t ne l r.c w w w .i l e l r t om u c w w w . a e m oaco w w w . a si a p n e sci c w w . a sc ne o. w on r o w .v dn a.i w it s.i t i .i t w ass rrie .il s oce kro t s.i t w eg re ol d no w n de e2 i ta s .ze a. l 4 li .co ro camven ore a.it m vi e e . c o le ra. to.c om n za i t orri do er e. nn it e. it

.i t t k i t a .i .u m . i t a. p pa .co .co no ns am m h il y ia .a st ta ap a d w la as gr ed oti t w . . l l e c u e om w www1 .te cien roqno.nag.c m w w w . s i be i a m o i t t c . w a.i lic a wwwww.l otidorld es. l i ca a.it w w .qu .w tim bb v it ubb no.v w n w .la pu uo l e. rep ma q w w re an na o. ro w w a. ci tt i or e ss re .it o e t w m . r ro w .il g sp vat tal o.i t wwww sa.e sse ri de n gger o. i w hi e w.o occ ssa .i t di an c w .l me ere uoti w ww .il rri paq .com rg w ww .co ro ws .i t al s.o m w w e u e ca rn ww w. bsn bbl i jou st.co wwww..cre puox fordtonpo w mi e p . n g k te umr .huffi.co.u zie .i t h ww .bbc noti .i t na.it w w w 43 oti dia wwww.nee tterasolaqug w w.l us .or e t wwww.laborazymi ari o.n m w ww.k sussi d e .i t re .co w ww.i l ve nir il sole 24o m w ww.av dio24. ne .co w .ra stazi o ca.i t .i t www .l e ggoaciade ll a .re pubbli so s wwww.farmie re ww di an sp ti .comk quotiw.te chnora o.u ww w.dai lymailal.c zaro.i t ww w.ami ci di zws.i t ww w.proli fe ne q.i t ww nuovab www.la oglio.it de nzaromana.it www..ilf rri spon wsage ncy.com www ccoath oli cne www. ccro nline .i t www.u spot.it bl ogcattolici .blog holyqueen.altervista.org costanzamiriano.com www.se gnideitempi.org di f e ndilavita.altervista.org christuscastitas.altervi sta.org www.vati can.va www.postaborto.it vaticaninsi www.proli der.l astampa.it www.o fe.i t www. rpnet.i t www santie be ati .it www..christianityto ww ponti f ex .ro day.com ww w.tracce.i t ma.it ww w.re ligione su w.mee ti nl iberta rs ww umcord ngri mini.o d.com ww w.te m a-dominumrg .blogs ww w.rom pi.i t pot.it ww w.ord ase tte .i w w.fa o-mil t iti m w ww.du igli av ae -te w ww.ra e min cattoli mpli .o w ww.l i diom uti pe rl ca.blo rg w ww.e bre ria ari a.i avita.i n gspot.it fo w ww.c dizio de ls t co ww. ultu nise anto.i w stan chie racatt gno.i t w ww zam sacatt oli c t w ww .totu irian ol i c a.i t w ww .nuo stu o.w a.i t w ww .ri s ve o usto ord w ww .op coss nde ols.n pre s w ww .op e ra acr .co et s.com w ww .sa e ra ti on i stia m w ww .m l va ti o ou na. w w .f arc tor nou tcry i t w w w.p e de i ap ecr tcr .org w w w.a re cu e rl i saf y.co w w w. dv ghi l tu avi ul l m w w w. ras m. ere ra. ta. i .it w w w. rad se or ag com i t w w w ac i o gna g e sue w w w .se ad m st ma w w w .ra nti em ari am r i a w w w .c di n i a a.o pa .i t w w w .t ath cic ell vi rg -tot us w w w .k ot o ri ed ta. tuu w w w .s att us lic sti el or w www. .il tiand oli tuusheraane mattig s. i w . bi m ro ko .i l d .it n t w si b b o d . i t t . c .o ti o. u o . o r n ir r g pn catti aed e.o em k et ol u. rg i gio .o ici it .co rg .it m

Looking at the graphic it is possible to notice that in this query most of the links belong to the religion category, that includes almost only religious website, with few exceptions. In this query we can also find the highest number of news websites. The opininion websites lead to medicine links, that are the few green circles in the query, almost never link to religious websites. Sale is the category with the least number of links: there are only two, one is a primary junction, the other is a secondary link. As almost all religious websites are against the emergency pill, there’s no news in seeing that there are few links for sales. Last but not least, information has always a huge percentage of links, even if this time the opinion category in the principal junctions appears more.

o a. an tic va

rg

THE SUBDIVISION OF THE LINKS


QUERY 5 ABORTO DEL GIORNO DOPO

INFORMATION:

5

1_it.wikipedia.org 2_www.lucacoscioni.it

6

4

OPINION: 1_www.sorelleditalia.net 2_genitoricrescono.com 3_www.comitatoveritaevita.it 4_www.lucisullest.it 5_save194lazio.wordpress.com 6_www.centrodonnalisa.it

9

1 7

6

NEWS: 3

1_www.vitadidonna.it

1

8

RELIGION: 1_www.uccronline.it 2_costanzamiriano.com 3_blogcattolici.blogspot.it 4_difendilavita.altervista.org 5_christuscastitas.altervista.org 6_www.fuocovivo.org 7_www.vatican.va 8_www.postaborto.it 9_www.bios.bologna.it

2

1

4

2

3

2

5

1

7


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it o. g er com er.it .or omagg.it ily. i n it a ls c j. ess no da it ltraica. urn bmm er ce i. na bl djo rg m w. .il gov iencanersopubxfor er.o .co t wwwwwwww. .sctrecy-p a.rep.osumom wiley o.i wwwww. .mrommrecon s.c ary. m idop wwwww. .huood newlibr ti.coiorn i.it w g e s a n f w www w. .cb lin nor ei5 ma rg wwwww.otnechloladliadodia.oi.it f.org rg s.it w w w. pil ig ipe on .kf a.o ido w w w. fam ik sci rm on e.a w w w. t.w co efo ers lvar w w w.i uca thr aep asa w w .l eal cin ted rg w ww .h edi .vi et.o w ww .m nne onn .it w ww .do alth alia e.it w ww .he dicit nlin u w ww .me erso pa.e w ww univ uro r.org w ww. ma.e ache w ww.e uttm c.it w ww.g 21do estep.colomgspot.it w ww.1 nbon ghe.b w ww.pla dastre ch w ww.vita -uspda. logspot.com w ww.svss idonna.b w ww.vitad party.org w w.radical i.aduc.it ww .staminal www .aduc.it www .radioradicale.it www ulianoguzzo.wordpress.com www.gi acro.blogspot.com www.sacroprofanos www.rientrodolce.org www.mammamsterdam.net www.donnepensanti.net www. tioconversationis.blogspo www perrefdeacna t.com lipperini.blog.kat www..lo chiaradino www me.blogspot.it aweb.it .chiar a d www.o inome.b logspot.co www.mn-may-on. m b logspot.c asc w om w ww.mal hileplura w ww.arc vestite.n le.it w ww.wa ilesbic et wwwww.sudrdneer.bloag.ist .n w .b g w ww.u eweg enere ytime w ww. scia ung-f .word s.com w ww mar mod uer- press w ww .don eaon alsile das-l .com wwww..flcaadmnealtrli.ine.it nzio.oregben.com i. w w it w ww .le t.no org w ww .m ribe blo w w .il am llu gs. wwwww. .blicmorpomamle.noobrg w s f w w w. em u de te log wwwww.eftemmminnda.lnledorndam.s.org wwwwww.a.cesynmoninisismoet ne.nbelogsp w s m . ot.c t l u s w p i o aw om wwwwww.l.sc erfeociar.orgne.c -a-ssud. wwwwww. .uoibeirenzctiozion om ud.nnoblo w p a o e c t g m blo s.o wwwww. .fe or o ae evi on -vo t gs. rg w. .v ver der odivivopersta-svers glio org sc eri ita vit ma .b on ien ati viv ie tae ev ap re log a. a. oni ere nz v ita ie bi sp org it s. .it wo ae ita .b m s.b ot rd vi .b log ont lo .co pr ta lo s e gs m es .o gs po .it po s.c rg po t. t.c om c t.c om om om

t t.i om p o t. c o m m co gs po t.c org om lo s o ss. rg g b og sp sta. ss.c pre i e om .o .or ici. .bl log ord no re tol lici i.b ltervrdpr ot.c .w om a o p do la at to lic nia s.c il- co gc at to .it ia. .w gs ilo res w. .foblologc catmoofobhiros.blo bab rdp wwwwwwww. .bblogmiatiandzeptalet iodaia.wo om www w. .fir ris ge libette.iolomrocc s.c wwwwww.c.winuodasepop ulla res e.it rdp ier ww w .q om ite sas r w o r w r c a . o w w wwwww.uusnacf.orgvivo.ora.c.net .com w t wwwww. .disomosimdaitalisaconovita.i com w w w.u 7e lle cre itae ess. w w w.2 ore ori ver w w .s nit tato t.it wordpr w w e . s wwww..gcomiisulle4laziaolisa.it w ww .luc e19 onn w ww .sav trod a.it w ww .cen tamp .com it w ww .las mag iaset. t w 1 d d e wwwww.wgocrlom.m no.ne w ww.t n.quotidia w ww.q ws.va co.uk w ww.ne graph. .it le w ele www..lt occidl.eint ta www .ispies ews.it.com www as aknro os www. dn nole x.kataweb.it www..acit www tadin www.nytimes.com www.iss.it ews.it www.gaian www.newnotizie.it www.leggo.it www.ri www cerca.repubblica.it www .quotidianiespresso.repubblica.it ww .radio24.ilsole24ore.com ww w.korazym.or ww w.sursumco g w w.sursum rda-domin w ww.zenit corda-dominuum.blogspot.it m.blogs w ww.vita .org pot.it w ww.sa didonn w ww.as perido a.org w ww.r socia c.it w ww.liadica zionelucac w ww.a quid lirom o w ww. sso a.it a.com scioni.wu foo.c w ww mpv ciazi om w ww .uni -cav onelu w ww .pe vers .ven cac w ww .tv tizio itad eto oscioni. w ww .th .rep nio elle .it it w w .c ea ubb nlin don w w w.w erc tlan lic e.i ne.it w w w.w om ou tic a.it t w w w. om en nbi .co w w w. zer e ew mb m wwwww.ilvsoceovionl .it s.neo.net wwwww.r.corrole2ditalenza t w wwwwww.i.lasepubiere 4oria.it donn e.i wwwww. .liblgiotam blicdelve.co t wwwwwww. .asiltemerornalpa.i a.itenetm a t e o c n w . co .o.ilsunsa a.itpo.i ews.it rri s . t .it ere s erssidit .it va ia to rio re .n r o m et an o. va

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Unexpectedly in this query there’s the lowest number of information an medicine links. The second category is often linked to news or opinion website, as expected, religious websites almost never relate to medicine or scientific links, as they are the counterpart. The principal junctions are mostly from religion and opinion category, and as we can see, religion category has the highest percentage of websites in the less relevant links. We can conclude that the trends the relationships between sites follow are always regular: religion leads to opinion and religion, almost never to information, while medicine mainly leads to medicine and information, rarely to opinion and sometimes to news or sales.

g

THE SUBDIVISION OF THE LINKS


CHAPTER 2 OVERLAP CATEGORIES

percentage stated by the starting links of every query

MAIN LINKS

and the connection with the queries


OVERLAP CATGORIES

PERCENTAGE STATED BY THE STARTING LINKS OF EVERY QUERY

While analyzing all the relations between links, it was clear that there are also relations between links from different categories, so we decided to produce a graphic with Gephi that includes all the links we found while analyzing the 5 queries, showing every

QUERY 1

QUERY 2

Contraccezione di emergenza

Levonorgestrel or Norlevo

QUERY 3

“Pillola del giorno dopo” or PDGD

connection so that, at a second time, in the picture all the six categories can be underlined.The apllied criteria are the same as the single queries graphics, but in this way the aim is to show immediatly the overlaps between categories.

QUERY 4

QUERY 5

“Pillola del giorno dopo” aborto

Aborto del giorno dopo

INFORMATION

MEDICINE

SALE

OPINION

NEWS

RELIGION

2,5% 8%

4,8% 3,3% 10,5% 2,1%

17,1% 1,4% 14,8% 14,2% 15,1%

6,4% 0,5% 20% 18,1% 26,6%

18,2%

285 links

11%

26,8%

28,2%

375 links

2%

350 links

25,5%

37,1%

52,4%

332 links

200 links

51%

2,8% 0,7% 23,5% 24,5% 30,1%


MAIN LINKS

AND THE CONNECTIONS WITH THE QUERIES

birthcontrolnews.org blog.donnamoderna.com

blogcattolici.blogspot.it

christuscastitas.altervista.org costanzamiriano.com difendilavita.altervista.org druginfo.nlm.nih.gov ec.princeton.edu en.wikipedia.org femminismi.wordpress.com

genitoricrescono.com holyqueen.altervista.org

it.wikipedia.org magazine.paginemediche.it marcodaviano.wordpress.com

nuke.massimotombesi.it

salute.aduc.it save194lazio.wordpress.com vulcanostatale.blogspot.it

www.121doc.it www.academiavita.org

www.aduc.it www.aied.it www.albanesi.it www.alleanzacattolica.org www.bastabugie.it

www.bios.bologna.it www.centrodonnalisa.it

www.comitatoveritaevita.it www.comodo.it

www.euroclinix.it www.fuocovivo.org

www.gyneconline.net www.levo4u.com www.libertaepersona.org

www.lucacoscioni.it

www.postaborto.it

www.lucisullest.it www.mpv.org www.nationalpartnership.org www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov www.nhs.uk www.paginesanitarie.com www.pilloladelgiornodopo.it www.radicaliroma.com www.rxlist.com

www.salute.gov.it

www.segnideitempi.org

www.sorelleditalia.net www.svss-uspda.ch www.torrinomedica.it www.treccani.it

www.uccronline.it

www.vatican.va

www.vitadidonna.it www.who.int www.zenit.org

QUERY 1

QUERY 2

QUERY 3

QUERY 4 QUERY 5


CHAPTER 3 ALCHEMY ANALYSIS

percentage and keywords

ENTITIES SCHEME


ALCHEMY ANALYSIS

To understand and classify the main topics of the found links, it was used AlchemyAPI: this tool consented to extract from the links the main entities and keywords, so it could be made a table to explain the number of the words and the number of times they’re written. The percentage are referred to the totality of the words found thanks to AlchemyAPI and to which were deleted the entities with a value lower than 0,6; thus it is easier to under stand which category prevales on the others.

46 words

PERCENTAGE AND KEYWORDS

INFORMATION

26%

MEDICINE

28,5%

SALE

10,8%

OPINION

21,8%

NEWS

10,8%

RELIGION

2,1%


Zapatero

vomito

Ulipristal

tumore

tromboflebite

TNEJM

servizi sociali

sclerosi multipla

rapporto

Papa

nausea Norlevo

Ministero della Salute

Levonorgestrel

Levonelle

ischemia cardiaca

ipertensione

Interruzione

gravidanza extrauterina

gravidanza

Governo

gonorrea

Giovanni Paolo II

Food and Drug Administration

fecondazione

farmacia notturna

farmacia

estradiol

emergency c.

EllaOne

ectopic pregnancy

dolore

dispositivo intrauterino

disidratazione

diarrea

c. d'emergenza

contraccettivi

Consiglio regionale

Chiesa cattolica

Centro Medico Santagostino

calcolo

calcio

asma

angina, emicrania

aids

aborto

ENTITIES SCHEME

0.100

0.90

0.80

0.70

0.60

0.50

0.40

0.30

0.20

0.10

0


CHAPTER 4 OPINION LEADER NAMES H-INDEX SCHEME


Albert Yuzpe Alessandra Graziottin Amit Khutti Ann Aschengrau Levin Anna Pompili Baird DD Brache V Brown RW Bruna Rebagliati Bygdeman M Carlo Flamigni Carmen Cravioto Chen J Cheng W Chen-Mok Cochon L Cora Collette Breuner Corrado Melega D.A. Grimes Davidoff F. Dott. Ciro Iannone Dott. Bernard Nathanson Dott. Nicola Blasi dottor Sandro Spinsanti dr. Christophe Tieze dr. E.Blecheshmidt Dr. Emanuele Cosentino dr. Joe DeCook dr. Roy Hefferman Dr. Santo Angileri Dr. Vinand Nantulya dr. William Liley Durand M Eleanor Bimla Eliana Barcellona Emilio Arisi F.A. Davis Ferruccio Fazio Fuentes M.A. Gabrio Zacchè Gemzell-Danielsson K Gloria Dolciotti Gloria Polo Helena von Hertzen Isabel Rodrigues, MD J. Obstet J. Wang Jerome Lejeune Livio Zanoio Luigi Montevecchi Luigi Sacco Mauro Maccari Monica Bock Paola Bianchi Raymond EG Renzo Puccetti Rosa Maria Sabatel Serena Donati Silvio Viale Sir Liam Donaldson Tiziano Motta Umberto Veronesi van Hylckama Vlieg Vincenzo Spinelli Wilcox AJ Zhou L Ziebland S www.lucacoscioni.it

www.parliamodiaborto.org

www.famigliadomani.it

www.sorelleditalia.net

vulcanostatale.blogspot.it

www.associazionelucacoscioni.it

save194lazio.wordpress.com

www.pastoralespiritualita.it

digilander.libero.it

www.uccronline.it

firefox/chrome add-on, calculate the h-index for every character. After analyzing the entities with AlchemyAPI, all the found names were classified: politicians, bloggers, doctors, scientists, church people... Then all the doctors and authors of medical papers were selected and researched in

www.drorlandella.it

www.pontifex.roma.it

www.pharmamedix.com

www.quotidianosanita.it

en.wikipedia.org

www.sindacatomedicitaliani.it

www.uaar.it

www.medicitalia.it

www.giltmagazine.it

www.mamma.ch

christuscastitas.altervista.org

www.academiavita.org

The last step of the research, consisted in passing from a general level, to a more specific one by inserting a selected number of names in Google Scholar and, thanks to a

femminismi.wordpress.com

www.radicaliroma.com

it.wikipedia.org

www.lucisullest.it

www.arhp.org

nuke.massimotombesi.it

interruzionedigravidanza.tumblr.com

difendilavita.altervista.org

www.121doc.it

www.my-personaltrainer.it

www.pilloladelgiornodopo.it

www.bastabugie.it

OPINION LEADER NAMES Google scholar, writing in the search bar author:”name”, so that the results were only paper written by the author and not every file in which the researched name appeared. Morover, it has been made an additional research so that we could avoid the difficulties caused by the coincidences of names.


Ziebland S

Zhou L

Wilcox AJ

Vincenzo Spinelli

U. Veronesi

Tiziano Motta

Sir Liam j Donaldson

Jerome Lejeune Livio Zanoio Luigi Montevecchi Luigi Sacco M Chen-Mok Mauro Maccari ME Fuentes Monica Bock Paola Bianchi Raymond EG Rosa Maria Sabatel Serena Donati Silvio Viale

J. Wang

J. Obstet

I. Rodrigues, MD

Helena Von Hertzen

Gabrio Zacchè Gloria Dolciotti

Ferruccio Fazio

F.A. Davis

Dott. Ciro Iannone Dott. Nicola Blasi Dott. Renzo Puccetti dottor Sandro Spinsanti dr. Christophe Tieze dr. Roy Hefferman Dr. Vinand Nantulya dr. William Liley Durand M Eleanor Bimla Schwarz Eliana Barcellona Emilio Arisi

Davidoff F.

Danielsson K

D.A. Grimes

Carmen Cravioto Cochon L Cora Collette Breuner Corrado Melega

Carlo Flamigni

Bygdeman M

Bruna Rebagliati

Brown RW

Brache V

Bernard Nathanson

Baird DD

Anna Pompili

Alessandra Graziottin

A Yuzpe

A van Hylckama Vlieg

H-INDEX SCHEME

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0


CONCLUSIONS


CONCLUSIONS

“What information do Italian people get when looking for advice on EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION?� THE MORNING-AFTER PILL IN ITALY

The question behind the research aimed to discover what kind of information would find someone interested in knowing something more about the morning-after pill: there are medical websites, blogs, scientific reports or moral and ethical discussions. After the analysis of each category of website we managed to get a complex but complete

answer, to understand the doubts and the certainties a person can solve or create while making a research through google. We also managed to use different tools to expand the ray of knowledge and understanding of the matter.


PROJECT BY: Viviana Ferro Ilaria Pagin Sara Pandini Federica Sciuto Elisa Zamarian


The Morning After Pill in Italy