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Contents 2

Director’s Statement:


Dr. Jean Muteba Rahier 8

Study Abroad: Senegal and The Gambia

Director of Graduate Programs: Dr. Alexandra Cornelius


AADS Tourism Initiative


AADS Events


AADS Graduate Students


AADS Spring Courses, 2014


AADS Undergraduate Students


AADS Staff

Florida International University


AADS Core & Affiliate Faculty and AADS Committees

Modesto A. Maidique Campus

Contact Information

Labor Center, Room 304


New Core Faculty


New Affiliate Faculty

Miami, FL 33199


Affiliate Faculty

Tel: 305-348-6860


Recently Published and Forthcoming Books

Fax: 305-348-3270


Some Faculty Achievements



AADS International Engagement

Figure 1: Above pictures: Vegetarian baboons in Makasutu Forest in The Gambia. Pictures taken during the summer, 2013, Study Abroad Program in Senegal and The Gambia. See pg. 49

11200 SW 8th Sreet


Figure 2: FIU Student Shelomith Doirin with Bassirou Rahier learning how to Saber on the summer, 2013, Study Abroad Program in Senegal and The Gambia. See pg. 49. 1|Page

Director’s Statement: Dr. Jean Muteba Rahier Newsletter 2013 Director’s Statement Dr. Jean Muteba Rahier Professor of Anthropology in the Department of Global & Sociocultural Studies Director of the African & African Diaspora Studies Program I will dedicate the space I have access to with this Newsletter Director’s Statement exclusively to sharing some information about the Program Review process our African & African Diaspora Studies Program (AADS) underwent last academic year. Such review is performed once every seven years by all academic units. The process lasted the whole academic year and was actually completed last week when I turned in the Improvement Action Plan I wrote with inputs from the AADS Steering Committee, which was provided during a special AADS Steering Committee Retreat held on August 19, 2013, on FIU’s Biscayne Bay Campus. The AADS Steering Committee, the AADS Affiliate Faculty, and AADS graduate students contributed to the process throughout 2012-2013. The review process, as it is organized at FIU, involves, among other things, 1) the preparation of a self-study in which students, faculty, and director contribute; 2) the visit of one external evaluator, to whom we send the self-study prior to her visit, who submits an external evaluator report after concluding the campus visit. Our external evaluator was Dr. Kamari Clarke, a well-known African and African Diaspora Studies scholar from the Department of Anthropology at Yale University. Those who would like to see these documents should request a copy from the AADS office. Fragments of Report by External Evaluator Dr. Kamari Clarke noted a number of our Program’s strengths in her report. She writes that the effectiveness of student learning can be assessed through student feedback/evaluations as well as: (1) the actual demonstration of their subject-content knowledge, (2) their writing skills, and (3) their oral communication skills. Based on the self-study and from the reviewer’s interviews with students, the assessments have been 2|Page

excellent. Dr. Clarke writes: “The students report being pleased with their acquisition of broad-based knowledge, their development of critical skills, and, among other strengths, their appreciation of the way that the faculty’s passion about their particular subject matter has inspired their own passion to learn…” In all, the overall program outcomes were assessed to be excellent when examined according to (1) professional activity, (2) post-graduation employment or Ph.D. enrollment success, and (3) student satisfaction of training. The reviewer’s assessment of class syllabi and the interviews with faculty suggested that students are being actively professionalized from the early days of their training. Through the emphasis on oral participation in classes and seminars, they are learning to make professional-quality presentations, analyze their course material, and participate in workshops or conferences as early as the end of their first year. Dr. Clarke further approved one of our strategic decisions. Indeed, she writes: “In an effort to maximize the quality of courses being offered during the academic school year, in relation to the limited number of faculty available to teach courses in the Program, some years ago the faculty in AADS took the decision to create an agreement with allied Departments in which their students would be expected to take selected methods classes in a discipline of their preference. As conceptualized, there are currently a number of methods tracks that students could pursue based on faculty expertise. They are: (1) Literary studies/linguistic approaches, (2) Social sciences quantitative approach, (3) Psychological approaches, (4) Historical approaches, and (5) International Relations approaches. As an interdisciplinary/multidisciplinary program this outsourcing of the methods courses seemed the appropriate strategy since it allows faculty in the program to focus on teaching the core theory courses, such as AFA 5005 African & African Diaspora Studies Theory, as well as other supplemental courses necessary for understanding the development of the discipline/multidisciplinary field of inquiry.” She applauded the fact that the Program is meeting its objective to generate new knowledge and research opportunities through the support of faculty research and exemplary teaching and through the organization of conferences and colloquia of interest and relevance to our diverse University and South Florida communities. The AADS Program accomplishes this mission in several ways. Primarily, the core and affiliate faculty are active publishers and contributors within the field. Most recently, Dr. John Clarke co-edited a Special Issue for the Review of African Political Economy and Dr. Tometro Hopkins published several volumes of her World Englishes books. Faculty members are also being recognized for their contributions to the field, and in January 3|Page

2013, Dr. Rahier’s book entitled Black social movements in Latin America: from monocultural mestizaje to multiculturalism was selected as a 2012 Outstanding Academic Title by Choice. Dr. Clarke also emphasized the Program’s multiple community connections. She writes that “The program is dedicated to providing students and the community-atlarge with seminars and colloquia through which to engage them with issues of concern. Annual lecture series include the Chris Gray Memorial Lecture Series (annual), and the Eric Williams Memorial Lecture Series (annual). In addition to these two series, the AADS also hosts additional programming relevant to the purpose and mission of the department such as film festivals or lecture series focused on particular key themes. Various lecture series, national conferences and symposia have played important roles in national dialogues. A number of them resulted in edited volumes published by major presses that have had far-reaching significance in the field.” Our Program’s Strengths and Weaknesses The drawing of the Improvement Action Plan that marks the end of the Program Review process has a template that asks us to list what we see as our current strengths and weaknesses. Here is the substance of what we reported in these sections. Strengths: We have a strong faculty specialization in Afro-Latino/Caribbean studies and Diaspora studies. The location in Miami is a benefit. Miami is a cosmopolitan gateway city and an immigration center with a multi-lingual and multi-cultural population. Students have the opportunity to engage in community work and research, using Miami as a site for comparative research. The faculty is also involved in research in the community, and serve as media experts and model for students. Our understanding of Diaspora is broad, encompassing the African Diaspora worldwide, the “old” African Diaspora (Transatlantic slave trade-based) and the “new” African Diaspora (contemporary African and other migrants). Our event programming reflects this diverse approach to Diaspora. MA students have ample opportunity to engage with speakers and organize their own events. We are committed to student success: excellent mentoring through graduation. Our students have gone onto top schools (UT Austin, UC Berkeley, Princeton, etc.) or have decided to remain at FIU to enroll in one of its doctoral programs. Such placement suggests that our reputation is strong nationally and internationally (there are students also applying and coming from Africa). We have a strong positive reputation on 4|Page

campus. We have ties to the University of the West Indies (UWI) and other institutions (e.g., the University of The Gambia, University of Liberia, Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar, Senegal). Graduate students have opportunities to write with faculty members. Weaknesses: The AADS MA Program is on the BOG Low Productivity List for having graduated an average of less than four students per academic year for the past five years. There is insufficient funding to support staff; the previous two staff positions have been reduced to 1.5. AADS is weaker in African Studies and African American Studies as opposed to its strength in African diaspora studies. … The current funding of graduate students is not at a level that would allow us to meet the minimum level of graduation (6/year per the internal degree count list). More funding for graduate students would help us raise our graduation numbers. In order for us to meet the minimum level of graduation expected from us, it would make sense for us to have 12 TAships/year as our MA programs runs over two years (six students in first year, six students in second year). We currently only have four MA level TAships, and two Ph.D. level TAships. We should attempt to obtain more MA/Ph.D. students funded externally with McNair and McKnight, and with faculty research grants. Program’s Plans to Improve The AADS Steering Committee in its August 19, 2013 retreat decided on the following plan of actions, all aimed at increasing our enrollment and graduation numbers and their representations in the university statistic data. 1. The director, Dr. Rahier, should continue the interventions he has already began making in various relevant forums about the biased state of Florida counting system. Indeed, as indicated in our self-study, since 2008 AADS engaged in the creation and offering of three combined M.A./Ph.D. programs (with, respectively, the graduate programs in International Relations [IR], Global & Sociocultural Studies [GSS], and Atlantic History [HIS]) with the support of CAS Dean Furton. When considering such Combined Degree Programs such as our combined MA in AADS / Ph.D. programs, the state of Florida’s reporting of numeric data system being what it is, the M.A. programs (the units that issue the M.A. degrees to the student-candidates before they engage in their doctoral education per se) are counted as “sub-plans” of the doctoral programs 5|Page

(housed in another academic unit altogether), which are considered to be the “plans.” The state of Florida counting system doesn’t take sub-plans into consideration but only plans. This means that official statistical data generated by the state of Florida do indeed give entire credit for the enrollment of students in multi-disciplinary combined M.A./Ph.D. programs to the Ph.D. programs only at the detriment of the M.A. programs. The M.A. and Ph.D. programs are housed in different academic units that both need to have enrollment numbers to show for to justify their respective existence. Not amending this unfair-for-M.A. programs-counting system would result in negatively impacting multi-disciplinary initiatives at a time when other parts of the institution praise multi- and inter-disciplinarity as a goal to achieve. Data generated by the state are taken as “objective data” by many policy makers. Reason why the amendment we request, which would give credit to both the M.A. and the Ph.D. programs for students enrolled in these combined M.A. in AADS/Ph.D. programs. This shift of the counting system toward a fairer practice will resolutely increase the numbers of AADS graduate students. As an example, we have, as of the fall semester 2013, eight AADS students (combination of year 1 and year 2 students) enrolled in the M.A. in AADS/Ph.D. programs and two enrolled exclusively in our M.A. in AADS program. Under the current system, only the two students who enrolled in our standalone M.A. program (a “plan”) are rightfully counted in our favor, while the eight students enrolled in combined M.A. in AADS/Ph.D. programs are exclusively counted toward the Ph.D. programs. 2. We must attain a level of staff stability in the office in order to be able to meet the Program’s administrative obligations and productively work toward applying our growth plan. We have already re-structured the office with one full-time and one halftime staff members, in accordance with what is allowed by the CAS Dean’s office. These staff members routinely receive the help from two Federal Work Study for 20 hours/week each. We will continue to do the best we can with this limited labor force. As indicated in the external reviewer’s report, AADS’s level of activities does merit the replacement of the half-time staff position by a full-time position at the very least. 3. We should work to develop a B.A. in African & African Diaspora Studies, with our two tracks: African Studies and Global Black Studies. We are convinced that having a BA program would provide a feeder for our M.A. and combined M.A./Ph.D. programs. 4. We should develop a 4+1 (B.A. – M.A.) program. If such a program were to be attractive to some students, it would unavoidably increase enrollment and graduation rate. 6|Page

5. AADS should explore possibilities to develop joint MA programs with Professional graduate degree programs at FIU (Education, journalism, public administration, environmental studies, criminal justice, hospitality and tourism management, social work, engineering, etc.). If we were successful with this development of arrangements with professional schools’ graduate programs, we would increase both enrollment and graduation rate. 6. In view of the growing success of our combined M.A. in AADS / Ph.D. programs (HIS, IR, and GSS), we should attempt to develop more of such combined programs with, specifically, the graduate programs in Political Science, Education, and Art & Architecture. 7. All the initiatives listed above will have for direct outcome to increase the enrollment in our graduate program. We hope to reach the minimum level of six M.A./year within the next three to four years. We might be able to reach such a level faster if we are successful in securing the funding of additional TAships either through faculty research grant submissions or through development programs funded by Foundation grants. Conclusions We must continue doing the things we have done well with and make sure that we can take advantage of the increasing interests for continental Africa that our society and communities are developing as a number of economic opportunities are emerging there, along with renewed international academic interests for the region. In order to do this, we will need to overcome a number of challenges. We will need the help of absolutely everyone who cares for AADS. Remember, we are all on the front line when we move about our lives on campus. From that front line—the spaces we occupy in our various FIU roles—we can all help and play our part to increase enrollment in our academic programs: the M.A. and combined M.A./Ph.D. programs and the graduate certificate, which were the only ones being reviewed during the 2012-2013 Program Review; our undergraduate certificates in 1) African Studies and 2) Global Black Studies; our summer study abroad program to Senegal and The Gambia. Thank you in advance for doing so. And many thanks to Dennika Mays for putting this newsletter together. Jean Muteba Rahier


Director of Graduate Programs: Dr. Alexandra Cornelius Greetings! I am pleased to serve as the Graduate Program Director (GDP) of African & African Diaspora Studies (AADS). It is my goal to encourage, sustain, and support graduate students who have seized the opportunity to pursue graduate study in African & African Diaspora related fields. Recent events reveal the extent to which serious scholarship in AADS is sorely needed both locally and abroad. In many ways, I am proud to say, the AADS graduate students represent the newest generation of scholars who have identified research topics that are not only personally fulfilling, but also politically necessary. AADS core and affiliated faculty work together to create for students an interdisciplinary course of study that allows them to engage fully research questions that cannot be adequately addressed using the methods of traditionally conceptualized disciplines. We encourage our students to put into active dialogue seemingly disparate events and public figures and, thus, forgo the illusion that people write, think, and act in isolation of the myriad historical process and cultural movements in which they live. My own research on race, gender, and the social sciences emphasizes the fact that scholars interested in vigorous, policy oriented, applied research such as W.E.B. Du Bois and E. Franklin Frazier often were inspired and challenged by artists, writers and other visionaries. Intellectually and spiritually moved by the “sorrow songs,” Du Bois, for example, cultivated a life-long faith in “the ultimate justice of things.” Similarly, Frazier often turned in deference to Langston Hughes and “the Blues” for the “life history documents” that supported his ecological research. Over the years, it has been the AADS faculty’s charge to instill among students an appreciation for intellectuals and artists who wrestled with both local and transnational political and socioeconomic 8|Page

inequalities and, yet, were able to conceptualize not only the possible, but also the marvelous. AADS is among a few programs that have anticipated and sustained FIU’s initiative to encourage “global awareness� among our students. We also encourage our graduate students to master the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), on-line teaching, and other technological and digital resources. Mastery of these technological tools will not only enhance their research, but also provide them with skills that will help to distinguish them from others in an increasingly competitive job market. As GPD, I seek continually for ways to make graduate students aware of internal and externally funded research opportunities. I also will support their attempts to transcend disciplinary boundaries, even as they strengthen intradepartmental relationships. Moreover, I will apprise students of both cross discipline and discipline based professional organizations that offer networking and publishing opportunities and resources that will ensure alumni steady promotion in their careers. In my short time in this position, I have enjoyed getting to know this exceedingly talented group of AADS graduate students, and I am committed to helping them to find creative ways in which they may pursue their work for reasons both politically meaningful and soul satisfying. Sincerely, Alexandra Cornelius


AADS Graduate Students Masonya Bennett Masonya Bennett is from Morven, North Carolina. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Africana and International Studies from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. After studying abroad in the Dominican Republic during undergraduate and spending one year teaching English in Honduras, she returned to UNC-Charlotte to receive a M.A. in Latin American Studies with a focus on race, color and identity in the Dominican Republic and Brazil as well as early 20th century U.S./Central American relations. Masonya just returned from Barranquiilla, Colombia where she taught English at the Universidad del Norte for the last two years. While at FIU, she hopes to continue her focus on race and identity in the African Diaspora, particularly in Colombia, and to also explore inequalities in the education system in the rural southern U.S. Her ultimate career goal is to receive her Ph.D. in Global & Sociocultural Studies, teach at the university level, and also start a non-profit that would allow low-income kids to study abroad.

Danielle Black My name is Danielle Black and I am from Wilmington, NC. I received my AB in African & African American Studies from Duke University, and I am currently pursuing an M.A. in AADS. Through my work as a peer health educator during my undergraduate career I developed an interest in understanding the social and cultural factors that contribute to illness, and I have continued to explore this interest within AADS. My research seeks to examine the ways in which African American women’s inability to be positioned as producers of HIV/AIDS knowledge has led to the development ineffective prevention campaigns in which they are the target group, furthering their vulnerability to the 10 | P a g e

disease. My ultimate career goal is to work as a forensic pathologist, while also continuing to conduct research related to minority health disparities.

Shaneequa Castle I am from the DMV area (Dc Maryland & Virginia) with a Jamaican background. Consequently, I have studied and wish to continue my studies on Jamaican subcultures including the dancehall scene, in Jamaica and the diaspora, as well as the unique perspective of "Jamericans". My goal is to stay in academia in order to learn and teach others about the Afro-Caribbean culture.

Binta Dixon Binta Dixon was born and raised in Charlotte, NC. She received her B.A. in cultural anthropology from East Carolina University in 2008 where she acted as student representative for the anthropology department for 2 years. She is currently in the combined M.A./Ph.D. program in AADS and Global & Sociocultural Studies and is the president of the AADS Graduate Student Association. Her current research interests are identity politics, gender and diasporic consciousness. She is particularly interested in the experiences of African migrants in the U.S., and collaborative community based research.

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Abby Gondek Abby Gondek is a first year student in the joint M.A./Ph.D. program in AADS and Global & Sociocultural Studies (with a focus in Anthropology) at Florida International University. For the past two years she worked as a New York City Teaching Fellow (a public high school teacher) and completed a M.S. in Teaching Urban Adolescents with Disabilities at Long Island University. During her master’s program, she completed several narrative/descriptive inquiry studies that focused on the experiences of young men of color as well as identity development and studentled discussion techniques. Earlier in her time in New York, she worked as a Jewish educator, Kaplan private tutor, and adjunct professor in Sociology and Psychology. Before moving to New York, she completed a M.A. in Women’s Studies from San Diego State and worked as a Graduate Teaching Associate. In this position she designed and led her own introductory Women’s Studies course. Her master’s thesis focused on the “borderland” experiences of Afro-Jewish women in Brazil. For her dissertation, she is interested in exploring the long-term relationships that develop when doing ongoing ethnographic research and understanding her motivations for pursuing research in the intersections of race, gender, sexuality, class, and religion. She wants to discover the possibilities in ethnographic memoir and autoethnography, which would allow her to integrate her interests in observational and introspective writing.

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Shayla Jacobs I was born in North Carolina and grew up in San Diego, CA. After graduating from USC in Los Angeles, I returned to San Diego and enrolled at San Diego State to pursue an M.A. in Latin American Studies, with an emphasis on race and race-mixing among those of African descent. Living in Southern California for most of my life has greatly influenced my interest in Latin American Studies, but being of African descent also led me to ask questions about race in Latin America. I am enrolled in the combined M.A./Ph.D. program in AADS and Atlantic History to understand in an even deeper way how varied and complex Afro-Atlantic history really is. I want to learn to tell these stories with confidence. I also hope to further explore historical relationships between Africa and the Caribbean/(Atlantic) Latin America. My region of interest is currently mulattoes in the Portuguese Atlantic in the nineteenth century between Brazil and Angola.

Aysha Preston I'm Aysha Preston! I'm a native of Washington, DC, but I've spent the last four years in New York City studying at St. John's University as a McNair Scholar. I was thrilled to learn about AADS and FIU because it was unlike any other program to which I had ever been introduced. I was looking for a place where I can fully merge my two undergraduate majors of English and Political Science, and I am thankful to have found that place as a student in the combined M.A./Ph.D. program in AADS and Global & Sociocultural Studies. I am interested in conducting research in the Black Middle Class in Washington, DC, and in surrounding suburbs. I want to specifically look at single, professional, educated, working womanheaded households that continue to maintain status in the middle and upper middle class with the absence of the "traditional" two parent structure.

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Tonya St. Julien My name is Tonya St. Julien and I was born and raised in Queens, New York by Haitian immigrant parents. In 2009, I was awarded the Posse scholarship, a full-tuition merit and leadership based scholarship, to attend Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin. In the summer of 2011, I traveled to Dakar, Senegal where I volunteered at an orphanage and lived with a French and Wolof speaking Senegalese host family. I spent 2 years as an intern for Kids Give: Sierra Leone, a Lawrence University affiliated non-profit organization that offers scholarships to underprivileged school children in Sierra Leone and promotes education in that country. At Lawrence University, I was a McNair Scholar and graduated cum laude with a major in Anthropology and minors in French and Ethnic Studies. I received the McNair Graduate Fellowship to pursue a M.A./Ph.D. in AADS and History at Florida International University. My topical areas of interests are concepts of race, ethnicity, gender politics, African religions, European colonialism, post-colonialism, imperialism in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean, and the transatlantic slave trade. Through the combined AADS M.A./Ph.D. in History at Florida International University, I would like to further explore the worldwide consumption of skin lightening products and the role the global pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry plays in this practice among women in sub-Saharan Africa, the United States, and the Caribbean. My future aspiration is to ultimately attain my Ph.D. and become a history professor specializing in African and Caribbean history.

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Carla Louis In college, I gained an appreciation for the multi-disciplinary method. By entering my second year in the combined M.A./Ph.D. program in AADS and Global & Sociocultural Studies, I am gaining a deeper understanding of the history and culture of Africa and the African Diaspora. My current research interests include Haiti, Queer narrative, sexual violence, and delineating factors of resilience of communities in crisis.

Dennika Mays My name is Dennika Mays and I am black Anishinaabe from Bemidji, MN. I received my B.A. in International Studies from the College of Saint Scholastica in Duluth, MN and am currently in my second year in the combined M.A./Ph.D program in AADS and Global & Sociocultural Studies with a focus in anthropology. My academic interests include studying grass root social movements, methods of resistance, identity formation, and social development, among many others. Presently, I am studying the Idle No More social movement in Canada and anlyzing it through a black post-colonial critique. I am also the editor for the AADS 2013-2014 Newsletter. I am currently president and founder of Global Indigenous Group and am pleased at that we are an active group on campus for the first time this year!

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AADS Graduate Student Association The purpose of the African & African Diaspora Studies Graduate Student Association shall be to generate interest in and understanding of issues related to the African & African Diaspora studies, to provide a forum for the exchange and presentation of innovative ideas to benefit the University community, to represent student needs and wants in regards to the successful completion of their graduate program, and to provide fellowship among students and faculty in a variety of departments and programs within the University.

Exciting News! In fall semester, 2014, we will celebrate the M.A. graduation of two of our colleagues: Jheanell Haynes and Felix Jean-Louis! Felix, as everyone knows, is enrolled in the F.I.U. Ph.D. program in Atlantic History.

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AADS Undergraduate Students Ashley James My name is Ashley James and I’m currently a sophomore here at FIU double majoring in International Relations and Political Science with an area study and certificate in African Studies. I’m heavily involved on campus in organizations like Council for Student Organizations, Black Student Union, and Caribbean Student Association, and most importantly African & African Diaspora Studies (AADS). I’m also fortunate enough to be a Resident Assistant in the University Apartments, but above all I love being a golden panther; and being able to say my college experience has molded be into a well-rounded, organized and educated person would be an understatement. I like to live by the philosophy that “life is what you make it” because it sums up my FIU experience and why my involvement in AADS has been so fulfilling.

TruLe'sia Newberry I’m excited to be one of the undergraduate students for the African & African Diaspora Studies Program. I’m a sophomore here at FIU studying International Relations & Political Science for a dual-degree program with a minor in Social Welfare. During my freshman year, 2013-2014, I went to Trayvon Martin and the Ongoing Crisis Confronting African American Males in America on Valentine’s and fell in love with the focus and goals of AADS, and wanted to be a part of a community of educated scholars interested in the topics that directly affect and influence people of the African Diaspora here in America. I registered for both undergraduate certificates in Global Black Studies and African Studies soon after. I am also currently involved in other organizations as well: Chapter Director for the Black Female Development Circle, FIU Traditions Coordinator for the Black Student Union, VP of Leadership Development for Sigma Alpha Lambda Honor Society, Member of the Golden Key Honor Society and Everglades Hall Ambassador for Residential Hall Association 17 | P a g e

AADS Staff Michelle Lamarre Staff person in charge of financials. Michelle Lamarre worked at FIU for 36 years (1976-2012) and after only one year of retirement, she joins AADS in May 2013. She is responsible for handling all AADS financial issues: Travel Authorization (TA); Expense Report (ER); Requisitions (the order of supplies); Honorarium for guests presenting in AADS Lectures and making travel/hotel arrangements for them as well; keeping track of all expenditures related to AADS and solving problems when they arise. Her working days are Tuesdays and Thursdays and you can find her in LC 306.

Reyni Valerio Staff person in charge of academics and programming I was born in the Dominican Republic, partially raised in New England, and now living in South Florida. I received a BBA in Marketing and a Sales and Customer Relationship Management Certificate from FIU. As the Office Assistant for the AADS program, I am in charge of everything related to academics and programming, also updating the website, the weekly digest, and assisting students. This semester marked the start of my second year at AADS and I’m excited about all the wonderful plans we have for the upcoming year! I hope to see you all around campus.

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Hollesha Foster Federal Work Study Hollesha is the Work Study Student assistant for her third year at the AADS office. She is from Deltona, Florida and is currently a senior studying Human Resource Management. She assists the AADS Director, Office Manager, and Program Assistant on all events, programs, office duties and academic projects. Her goal after graduation is to enter graduate school in order to receive a Masters in Human Resource Management.

Daniel Sloman Federal Work Study My name is Daniel Sloman. I'm originally from Marietta, G.A., but I have lived in Miami for the last 6 years. I am currently an Office Assistant at the AADS department. I have decided that following graduation this summer, I will teach English in Korea for a year through EPIK (English Program in Korea). Since Japanese and Korean both share a similar grammatical structure, and Japanese is the second most widely spoken language in Korea; I will not only learn another language but practice my second one. I'm currently applying for E.U. citizenship by claiming Polish ancestry based on my grandfather. If I can obtain E.U. citizenship, I will follow my year in Korea with enrolling in the Cultural Anthropology graduate program at The University of Amsterdam.

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AADS Core & Affiliate Faculty and AADS Committees Core Faculty Jean Muteba Rahier, Professor, Global & Sociocultural Studies and AADS; Director of AADS Jean-Robert Cadely: Associate Professor of Linguistics & Modern Language and AADS Alexandra Cornelius: Lecturer in History and AADS; Graduate Program Director of AADS Hilary Jones: Associate Professor of History and AADS Andrea Queeley: Assistant Professor of Anthropology and AADS Okezi Otovo: Assistant Professor of History and AADS

Affiliate Faculty Iqbal Akhtar: Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies Pascale Becel: Associate Professor of French Ferial Maya Boutaghou: Assistant Professor of French and Women Studies Steven R. Blevins: Assistant Professor of English Lakhdar Boukerrou: Regional Director of FIU Global Water for Sustainability (GLOWS) Phillip Carter: Assistant Professor of English and Linguistics John Clark: Professor of International Relations Danielle Clealand: Assistant Professor of Politics and International Relations Erin Damman: Assistant Professor of Politics and International Relations Nandini Dhar: Assistant Professor of English Caroline Faria: Assistant Professor of Geography Annette B. Fromm: Assistant Professor and Coordinator of Museum Studies Jenna Gibbs: Assistant Professor of History Percy C. Hintzen: Professor of Sociology Tometro Hopkins: Associate Professor of English and Linguistics Assefa Melesse: Associate Professor of Earth & Environment April Merlaux: Assistant Professor of History Aurora Morcillo: Professor of History Roderick Neumann: Professor of Geography Ulrich Oslender: Assistant Professor of Geography Vrushali Patil; Associate Professor of Sociology and Women’s Studies Tudor Parfitt: Research Professor in the School of International and Public Affairs; President Navon Professor of Sephardi and Mizrahi Studies; Professor of Religious Studies Department Valerie Patterson: Clinical Associate Professor of Public Administration 20 | P a g e

Lincoln Pettaway: Assistant Professor of Health Services Administration David Rifkind: Associate Professor of Architecture Heather Russell: Associate Professor of English Shimelis Setegn: Program Executive Officer of Global Water for Sustainability (GLOWS); Assistant Professor of Research in Environmental and Occupational Health Vicky Silvera: Head of Special Collections; University Archivist; Curator Linda Spears-Bunton: Associate Professor of Education Curriculum & Instruction Ryan Stoa: Deputy Director of Global Water for Sustainability Program (GLOWS); Fellow in Water Law and Policy in College of Law Alex Stepick: Professor of Anthropology Juan Torres-Pou: Associate Professor of Spanish Chantalle F. Verna: Associate Professor of History and International Relations Eric Von Wettberg: Assistant Professor of Biology Donna Weir Soley: Associate Professor of English Kirsten Wood: Associate Professor of History Albert Wuaku: Associate Professor of Religious Studies

Adjunct Faculty Mariama Jaiteh Jasminder Kaur Noelle Theard

AADS Steering Committee

AADS Graduate Committee

Jean-Robert Cadely Alexandra Cornelius Caroline Faria Percy C. Hintzen Tometro Hopkins Hilary Jones Andrea Queeley Jean Muteba Rahier Heather Russell Okezi Otovo Valerie Patterson Albert Wuaku

Alexandra Cornelius Hillary Jones Andrea Queeley Jean Muteba Rahier

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Spotlight: New Core Faculty Dr. Hilary Jones I am a historian of Africa who is also concerned with the construction and meaning of Diaspora for people of African descent in the world. Specifically, my research and teaching aims to better understand the relationship between Africa, Europe and the Americas. I focus on histories of power and politics, comparative race and slavery, women and gender, and modern empire. My training in African History and Comparative Black History in the doctoral program at Michigan State University encouraged the exploration of African Studies alongside the study of migration histories of African people in the world as well as the social and cultural movements that emerged in Diaspora. My first monograph, The Métis of Senegal: Urban Life and Politics in French West Africa, examines the development of mixed race identity in the town of Saint Louis, Senegal. A nineteenth century port, this West African town was shaped by the history of Islam along the edge of the Sahara Desert, European mercantilism in the Atlantic World, and the expansion of French empire in West Africa. I am the author of articles in peer-reviewed journals, as well as book chapters, book reviews and contributions to reference work. My latest publication in the Journal of African History (2012) deals with the role of French Republican institutions in shaping political life for African inhabitants of Senegal’s colonial capital in the decades prior to the First World War. My translation and annotation of the account of a runaway slave from the annual report of a French Protestant Mission that operated in late nineteenth century Senegal appeared in the edited volume, African Voices of Slavery and the Slave Trade, Volume 1: The Sources (Cambridge University Press, 2013). This volume makes available previously unpublished evidence of slavery in continental Africa from the perspective of Africans. Currently, I am working on a second monograph that examines gender perspectives on Senegal’s political history in the late-colonial era and in the aftermath of independence from French rule. This work considers the impact of transnational feminist movements in shaping Senegalese women’s role in political and civil society. My recent participation in the international and interdisciplinary conference, “Saint 22 | P a g e

Louis, Senegal and New Orleans, Louisiana: Two Mirror Cities, 17th-21st century,” inspired me to pursue additional research that advances our knowledge of Africa’s port cities and their relationship to the Atlantic World. My collaboration with historian Emily Clark of Tulane University resulted in a comparative paper that interrogates discourses of race and sexuality in European travel literature. We suggest that this discourse of orientalism informed representations of the “mulâtresse” as it travelled from Senegal’s Atlantic coast, to Saint Domingue and New Orleans. In teaching, I concentrate on African History and Africa’s role in the making of the African Diaspora. I teach FIU’s survey course African Civilizations (AFH 2000: African Civilizations) and upper division undergraduate courses including History of Africa I: Ancient Africa to 1800 (AFH 4100), History of Africa II: Africa since 1800 (AFH 4200), and History of West Africa (AFH 4342). I intend to offer graduate courses on themes and historiographical trends in African History (Readings in African History, AFH 5905 and Topics in African History, AFH 5935) as well as graduate seminars such as The Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Making of the African Diaspora (WHO 5236). Additionally, I plan to propose new advanced undergraduate courses on Women and Gender in African History and I will develop a graduate course on Post-Colonial Africa. My interest in African History has also led me to new avenues of professional service. I currently serve as an Associate-Editor for the Journal of West African History. Under the direction of Editor-in-Chief Historian Nwando Achebe, Michigan State University Press recently established the journal to make cutting edge research about West Africa’s History accessible to francophone and Anglophone audiences. As an elected member of the board of directors of the West African Research Association, I have become involved in the activities of the organization and its affiliate center in Dakar, Senegal called the West African Research Center. WARA seeks to promote research on West Africa by facilitating engagement between students and scholars in West African and the United States by sponsoring visiting scholars, facilitating study abroad, and offering fellowships. I am delighted to join the FIU community and I look forward to collaborating with AADS to further knowledge and understanding of Africa and Africans in the world. Dr. Hilary Jones: Associate Professor of History and African & African Diaspora Studies

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Spotlight: New Affiliate Faculty Dr. Iqbal Akhtar Iqbal Akhtar recently arrived to FIU in 2012 as a dual appointment assistant professor of Islamic Studies in the Department of Religious Studies and as a scholar of South Asian politics in the Department of Politics and International Relations. He pursued his doctorate at the University of Edinburgh’s New College School of Divinity where he focused on ethnology and textual history of the Khōjā in Eastern and Central Africa. His fieldwork, among the Khōjā, was based in Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam. His thesis examined the religious transformation and evolving identity of an Asian Shi'i Muslim merchant community in Tanzania over two centuries, from their indigenous Indic Hindu-Islam (khōjāpanth) to Near Eastern Islamic orthodoxy. This ethnological research drew upon anthropological and textual approaches to the study of religion during more than a year and a half of fieldwork in the region. The African Khōjā are an Indic Muslim caste which originally migrated from the regions Kacch and Kathiawar in what is now the state of Sindh in Pakistan and Gujarat in India. They migrated as free traders to East Africa Figure 3: Ngorongoro Conservation Area beginning the late 18th century to the port cities of Bagamoyo, Zanizbar, and Kilwa. Over time these and other Asian merchant communities, dispersed throughout Eastern, Southern, and Central Africa creating trade networks in the economic development of the region during the colonial period. Their history and legacy has been only cursorily studied and in the postcolonial period Asian history has been either largely absent or quite contentious in African 24 | P a g e

nationalist narratives of state history. His contribution hopes to open new avenues of research on the complex heritage of the Asian community in the development of modern East Africa. In previous years, his fieldwork surveyed civics education in the Pakistan Studies curriculum of highersecondary schools in RawalpindiIslamabad. Past research affiliations include the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania and Quiad-i-Azam University in Pakistan. Prior to FIU, Iqbal taught Religious Studies in the School of Divinity at the University of Edinburgh, and served as the Figure 4: Picture taken by Dr. Iqbal Akhtar- Boat in USNORTHCOM Analyst-in-Residence Zanzibar in the Department of Political Science at the U.S. Air Force Academy. His future research interests include research on the medieval genesis of the Khōjā caste and its ‘conversion’ from Hinduism to Islam. Iqbal currently teaches the following courses: Islam in International Relations, Islamic Faith & Society, International Relations of South Asia, Advanced Interpretation of the Quran: Gender and Jihad, and Islamic Mysticism: Sufism. His vision for the study of Islamic societies puts an emphasis on the diverse political and philosophical constructs of Islamic thought, and pays attention to the lived realities of Muslims on the ‘periphery’ of Islamic civilization. This is achieved chiefly through interaction with primary texts. Despite approximately 62% of Muslims living today in the Asia-Pacific region and Africa, many Islamic studies curriculum in North America and Western Europe focus heavily on the central Islamic lands while giving only cursory acknowledgement to the contributions and development of Islamic thought and civilization outside the Near East. The courses he is developing for the university will attempt to find a more equitable balance to provide students an opportunity to interact with the full diversity of Islamic civilization, including a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa.

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“It is through incisive study that we, as a society, are able to break popular ideological notions of ‘the other’, particularly those of Islam and Muslims, which have come to predominate in popular discourse over the last decade. The study of complex and diverse worldviews promotes equality and respect of other societies ordered with organizational preferences very different from our own. My hope is to present students at FIU with the beautiful diversity of contemporary Muslim societies and hopefully inspire them to seriously engage with other societies and civilizations outside the Western hemisphere through the study of religion and politics.”

Figure 5: Dar es Salaam Before Dusk

Dr. Iqbal Akhtar: Assistant Professor of Religious Islamic Studies

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Spotlight: New Affiliate Faculty Dr. Erin Damman Erin Kimball Damman received her Ph.D. from Northwestern University in Political Science, an M.A. from the University of Natal-Durban in Politics, Philosophy and Economics, and her B.A. from Macalester College in International Studies. Her research areas cross the boundary between Comparative Politics and International Relations, and include African political development and security studies, collective action and regional integration in Africa, and qualitative and mixedmethod research techniques. Dr. Damman’s dissertation, Peacekeeping for Approval: The Rise of African-led Interventions, explores the institutional transformation of African regional bodies beginning in the 1990s that culminated in the African Union’s formal codification of the use of armed intervention in member states’ humanitarian crises. Her study finds that it is the potential for private payoffs – usually in the form of increased political capital and military funding – that motivate African countries to cooperate in generating these multilateral missions rather than an increasing concern for humanitarianism. A mixed-method analysis, combining a large statistical study and four in-depth case studies, Dr. Damman’s dissertation showcases a new form of extraversion arising on the African continent that has both positive and negative consequences. In looking to better relationships with Western countries and gain military aid, African leaders’ acceptance of intervention facilitates responding to human suffering on the African continent, but, at the same time, impedes democratization and other liberalizing processes within troop-contributing countries. Currently, Dr. Damman is working on an article that looks specifically at Rwanda’s regional peacekeeping behavior and the effects it has had upon the political development of the state. She is also finishing a piece (with Kendra Koivu) on qualitative methodology that examines an underspecified cause known as a sufficient but unnecessary part of an insufficient but necessary cause (SUIN).

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Dr. Damman’s teaching interests include Comparative Politics, International Relations, African Politics, International Human Rights, and Research Methods and Design. Before coming to FIU, Dr. Damman taught at Washington State University. Dr. Erin Damman: Assistant Professor of Politics and International Relations

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Spotlight: New Affiliate Faculty Dr. Nandini Dhar Dr. Nandini Dhar joined the Department of English at Florida International University in Fall 2013. She completed her PhD in Comparative Literature at the University of Texas at Austin, in 2012. Dr. Dhar writes and teaches about global Anglophone and postcolonial cultures, with a specific focus on West Africa, the Caribbean and South Asia. In her research, she is primarily concerned with how the histories of the slave trade and the global plantation complex challenge us to rethink theories of postcoloniality, especially those which have historically focused on the issues of Eurocentricism, hybridity, nationalism, and the ascent of indigenous middle-classes with transnational aspirations. Currently, she is working on a book project which explores of the figurations of black femininity within late twentieth and early twenty-first century Black Atlantic literary representations of violent slave rebellions. The book aims to highlight how slave rebellions continue to exert a profound political, affective and cultural influence on Black Atlantic writers. For these writers, the histories and memories of slave rebellions act as crucial narratives, which enable articulations of contemporary concerns about neocolonial and neoliberal forms of governmentality, and resistances to such. This book will show how such narrativizations not only remobilize cultural memories of earlier Black Atlantic radicalisms, they also examine the failures of such radical imaginaries to move beyond a privileging of certain forms of heroic and heteronormative revolutionary black masculinity. Consequently, these texts direct our attention to the ways the enslaved women protagonists of these narratives resist their own metaphorization into passive allegories of family, class, racial community and nation. This book is part of a larger research project which deals with ways in which historical novels and literary texts function as “public historical spheres,� within which authoritative historical narratives on slavery and slave subjects are formulated, institutionalized and contested. Dr. Dhar's second project focuses on the global 29 | P a g e

dissemination of an essentially African-American literary form, the neo-slave narrative, among writers beyond the realm of the hemispheric Americas and the Black Atlantic, especially nations situated in the Indian Ocean belt, such as South Africa and India. Dr. Dhar has published articles on Caribbean diasporic writers such as Edwidge Danticat and Dionne Brand, and is planning to teach a class on slavery and Caribbean literature in Spring, 2014. Dr. Nandini Dhar: Assistant Professor of English

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Spotlight: New Affiliate Faculty Dr. Annette Fromm Dr. Annette B. Fromm is a folklorist and museum specialist. She is the Coordinator/Associate Professor of Museum Studies at Florida International University. Over the past thirty year Fromm has worked in a number of museums in Ohio, Oklahoma, and Florida each with a focus on cultural diversity. Fromm is the immediate past President of the International Committee of Museums of Ethnography (ICME), an international committee of the International Council of Museums. She is the vice-chair of the Florida Folklife Council, a statewide council which advises the state Folklife Program. Fromm’s book, “We Are Few, Folklore and Ethnic Identity of the Jewish Community of Ioaninina, Greece.” is drawn from in depth research in northern Greece. She has published articles on multicultural museums, immigrant-ethnic groups in America, Jews in Greece, Greek folklore, Native Americans in museums, and folk art. Another area of research is food history and traditions. She has led many workshops nationally and internationally on museum issues, folklore and folklife, and American ethnicity. Fromm has taught anthropology and museum studies at the University of Tulsa for over seven years and served as Visiting Associate Professor in Judaic Studies at Florida Atlantic University. Dr. Annette B. Fromm: Assistant Professor and Coordinator of Museum Studies

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Spotlight: New Affiliate Faculty Dr. Tudor Parfitt I joined FIU's Department of Religious Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies University of London in 2012 as the President Isaac Navon Professor of Sephardi and Mizrahi Studies. This year I was promoted to Distinguished Professor at FIU. My most recent books are Black Jews in Africa and the Americas (Harvard University Press 2012) and, with Edith Bruder, African Zion: Studies in Black Judaism, Cambridge Scholars’ Press 2012. My next book which will be published in October 2013 with Semi and Miccoli is: Memory and Ethnicity: Ethnic Museums in Israel and the Diaspora, Cambridge Scholars’ Press. My most recent film as writer/ presenter is Issues of Faith: The Black Jews of South Africa (2012). My most recent guest lectures are:  Ruth K. and Shepard Broad Distinguished Lecture on January 29, 2013 (MLK week) ‘Let my people go: African Americans and the Hebrew Bible’.  Ruth K. and Shepard Broad Distinguished Lecture on February 20, 2013/ ‘The Lemba Jews of Zimbabwe’  FIU Jewish Museum of Florida on February 4, 2013. ‘Black Jews in Africa and the Americas’.  The Honors College Excellence Lecture February 7, 2013, ‘The Lemba and the African Ark’.  The Davit Patterson Lecture at the Oxford Center of Hebrew and Jewish Studies at Oxford University in May, 2013, ‘Black Judaism: the Problematic’ the David Patterson Lecture.

Dr. Tudor Parfitt: Research Professor in the School of International and Public Affairs; President Navon Professor of Sephardi and Mizrahi Studies, Professor of Religious Studies Department.

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Spotlight: Affiliate Faculty Dr. David Rifkind David Rifkind teaches courses in architectural history, theory and design at the College of Architecture and the Arts at Florida International University. David’s current research deals with urbanism and architecture in Ethiopia during the Italian occupation (1936-1941), and is the first component in long-term studies of the built environment in modern Ethiopia and of modern architecture and urban planning throughout Africa. His work in Ethiopia has been supported by a grant from the Graham Foundation and a residency at the American Academy in Rome as the inaugural Wolfsonian Affiliated Fellow. David's first book, The Battle for Modernism: Quadrante and the Politicization of Architectural Discourse in Fascist Italy, won the 2011 James Ackerman Prize for Architectural History from the Centro Internazionale di Studi di Architettura Andrea Palladio in Vicenza. The book was published last summer by the CISA Palladio and Marsilio Editori. David also won best article awards for essays published in the two flagship journals in architectural education and history, the Journal of Architectural Education ("Misprision of Precedent: Design as Creative Misreading") and the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians ("Gondar. Architecture and Urbanism for Italy’s Fascist Empire"). He curated the 2012 exhibition, Metropole/Colony: Africa and Italy, in the Wolfsonian-FIU Teaching Gallery at the Frost Art Museum. Next year, Ashgate will publish A Critical History of Contemporary Architecture, which David co-edited with Elie G. Haddad. A practicing designer, David has worked to make environmental stewardship and community development the central focus of architectural practice in South Florida. He and his partner, Holly Zickler, built a house which serves as a model of sustainable construction and am beginning to design other projects which strengthen communities 33 | P a g e

by reinforcing the built fabric of neighborhoods and sustain the natural environment through careful attention to resource use and wildlife habitat.

David Rifkind: Associate Professor of Architecture

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Spotlight: Affiliate Faculty Dr. Albert Wuaku Professor Albert Kafui Wuaku, Associate Professor of Religious Studies, holds a Ph.D. in Religion and Cultural Anthropology from the University of Toronto (2004). His specialty is Religions of Africa and African Diaspora communities. In very broad terms his research interest is in the roles African agents play in the global dispersal of religious traditions. He is the author of Hindu Gods in West Africa: Ghanaian devotees of Shiva and Krishna (Brill, 2013). He has also written several articles on the rooting of Hinduism in Southern Ghana. His current research project is on Vodou healing practices in South Florida. The courses Dr. Wuaku teaches at FIU include: African Religions, Religions of the Caribbean [especially Rasta, Vodou, and Santeria], Religious Ethnography, and Sociological and Anthropological approaches to Religion, and Religion and Health. Dr. Albert Wuaku: Associate Professor of Religious Studies

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Recently Published and Forthcoming Books Books (Published) Rahier, Jean Muteba. Kings for three days: the play of race and gender in an Afro-Ecuadorian festival. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2013. With its rich mix of cultures, European influences, colonial tensions, and migration from bordering nations, Ecuador has long drawn the interest of ethnographers, historians, and political scientists. In this book, Dr. Jean Muteba Rahier delivers a highly detailed, thought-provoking examination of the racial, sexual, and social complexities of Afro-Ecuadorian culture, as revealed through the annual Festival of the Kings. During the Festival, the people of various villages and towns of Esmeraldas--Ecuador's province most associated with blackness--engage in celebratory and parodic portrayals, often donning masks, cross-dressing, and disguising themselves as blacks, indigenous people, and whites, in an obvious critique of local, provincial, and national white, white-mestizo, and light-mulatto elites. Dr. Rahier shows that this festival, as performed in different locations, reveals each time a specific location's perspective on the larger struggles over identity, class, and gender relations in the racial-spatial order of Esmeraldas and of the Ecuadorian nation in general.

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Rifkind, David. The Battle for Modernism: "Quadrante" and the Politicization of Architectural Discourse in Fascist Italy. 1. ed. Vicenza: Centro Internazionale di Studi di Architettura Andrea Palladio, 2012. The other side of twentieth-century architectural history in Italy and Europe. The short-lived cultural journal Quadrante transformed the practice of architecture in fascist Italy. Over the course of three years (1933–36), the magazine agitated for an "architecture of the state" that would represent the values and aspirations of the fascist regime, and in so doing it changed the language with which architcts and their clientele addressed the built environment. Quadrante rallied supporters and organized the most prominent practitioners and benefactors of Italian rationalism into a coherent movement that advanced the cause of specific currents of modern architecture in interwar Italy. Through a detailed study of Quadrante and its circle of architects, critics, artists, and patrons, the book investigates the relationship between modern architecture and fascist political practices in Italy during Benito Mussolini’s regime (1922–1943). Dr. Rifkind’s book, The Battle for Modernism: Quadrante and the Politicization of Architectural Discourse in Fascist Italy, won the 2011 James Ackerman Prize for Architectural History from the Centro Internazionale di Studi di Architettura Andrea Palladio in Vicenza.

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Rey, Terry and Alex Stepick. Crossing the Water and Keeping the Faith: Haitian Religion in Miami. New York: NYU Press, 2013 Beginning in the late 1970s and early 1980s, significant numbers of Haitian immigrants began to arrive and settle in Miami. Overcoming some of the most foreboding obstacles ever to face immigrants in America, they, their children, and now their grandchildren, as well as more recently arriving immigrants from Haiti, have diversified socioeconomically. Together, they have made South Florida home to the largest population of native-born Haitians and diasporic Haitians outside of the Caribbean and one of the most significant Caribbean immigrant communities in the world. Religion has played a central role in making all of this happen.

Crossing the Water and Keeping the Faith is a historical and ethnographic study of Haitian religion in immigrant communities, based on fieldwork in both Miami and Haiti, as well as extensive archival research. Where many studies of Haitian religion limit themselves to one faith, Rey and Stepick explore Catholicism, Protestantism, and Vodou in conversation with one another, suggesting that despite the differences between these practices, the three faiths ultimately create a sense of unity, fulfillment, and self-worth in Haitian communities. This meticulously researched and vibrantly written book contributes to the growing body of literature on religion among new immigrants, as well as providing a rich exploration of Haitian faith communities.

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Theard, Noelle. (1) Drop: Shifting the Lens on Race. Philadephia : BLACKprint Press, 2013. (1)ne Drop: Shifting the Lens on Race sets out to explore the extent to which historical definitions of race continue to shape contemporary racial identities and lived experiences of racial difference, particularly among those for whom the legacy of the onedrop rule perceptibly lingers. Featuring the perspectives of 60 contributors representing 25 countries and combining candid narratives with simple yet striking portraiture, this book provides living testimony to the diversity of Blackness. Although contributors use varying terms to self-identify, they all see themselves as part of the larger racial, cultural, and social group generally referred to as Black. They all have experienced having their identity called into question simply because they do not fit neatly into the stereotypical “Black box” — dark skin, “kinky” hair, broad nose, full lips, etc. Most have been asked “What are you?” or the more politically correct “Where are you from?” numerous times throughout their lives. It is through contributors’ lived experiences with and lived imaginings of Black identity that we are able to visualize multiple possibilities for Blackness above and beyond the one-drop rule.

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Forthcoming Books Rahier, Jean Muteba. Blackness in the Andes: Ethnographic Vignettes of Cultural Politics in the Time of Multiculturalism. New York: Palgrave McMillan. (Forthcoming in January, 2014) This volume presents ethnographic vignettes about race, the racial-spatial order, and Ecuadorian popular culture; AfroEcuadorian cultural politics, cultural traditions, and political activism; mestizaje and the non-inclusion of blackness in official imaginations of national identity (“the ideological biology of national identity”); race and gender relations, and anti-black racism; stereotypes of black female hypersexuality and sexual self-constructions; blackness and beauty contest politics; the passage from “monocultural mestizaje” to multiculturalism in the 1990s, which got a second life following the revolución ciudadana (citizen revolution) and the election of Rafael Correa to the Ecuadorian presidency in late 2006; blackness, racism, sports, and national pride in multicultural Ecuador.

Exciting News! Be on the lookout for updates on an incredible book in the making: Russell, Heather “Rihanna: Bad Girl Done Best.” Barbados. Artist. World Fall, 2013. More information coming soon!

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Some Faculty Achievements Book Chapters (Published) Rahier, Jean Muteba 

"Black Social Movements in Latin America: From Monocultural Mestizaje and “Invisibility” to Multiculturalism and State Corporatism/Co-optation." In Black Social Movements in Latin America From Monocultural Mestizaje to Multiculturalism. Ed. by J.M. Rahier. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. 1-12.

“Interview with Maria Inês Barbosa, Former Vice-Minister, Secretaria Especial de Políticas de Promoção da Igualdade Racial (SEPPIR), Brazil.” In Black Social Movements in Latin America: From Monocultural Mestizaje to Multiculturalism. Ed. by J.M. Rahier. New York: Palgrave-McMillan, 2012. 213-224.

Rahier, Jean Muteba with Mamyrah Prosper Dougé 

“Interview with María Alexandra Ocles Padilla, Former Minister, Secretaría de Pueblos, Movimientos Sociales y Participación Ciudadana, Ecuador”. In Black Social Movements in Latin America: From Monocultural Mestizaje to Multiculturalism. Ed. by J.M. Rahier. New York: Palgrave-McMillan, 2012. 169-182.

Book Chapters (Forthcoming) Russell, Heather 

“Quilted Discourse: African Atlantic Women’s Narratives of Resistance” In Stitching Resistance: Women’s Fabric, Art, and Textiles. Ed. Marjorie Agosin. (Forthcoming)

“Sycorax Soundings: The People’s National Party at 75 and beyond. Thoughts on Colour, Class, Gender and Sexuality” In The People’s National Party at 75. Ed. Delano Franklyn. Kingston: Wilson, Franklyn, Barnes, (Forthcoming)

“Why I Needed to See a Black Woman Spit in a Pot” In Critical Essays on Django, Unchained. Ed. Ishmael Reed. New York: Path Press. (Forthcoming)

Journal Articles (Published) Clark, John, Miles Larmer, and Ann Laudati. “Neither war nor peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): profiting and coping amid violence and disorder,” Review of African Political Economy 40, no. 135, (2013): 1-12. 41 | P a g e

Clealand, Danielle. "When Ideology Clashes with Reality: Racial Discrimination and Black Identity in Contemporary Cuba." Racial and Ethnic Studies 36, no. 10 (2013): 1-18. Neumann, Roderick. “Churchill and Roosevelt in Africa: Writing and Performing Race, Nature, and Nation,”."Annals of the Association of American Geographers DOI: 10.1080/00045608.2013.770367 (2013): 1-18. Rahier, Jean Muteba. "From Invisibilidad to Participation in State Corporatism: AfroEcuadorians and the Constitutional Processes of 1998 and 2008,” Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power. 18, no. 5 (2011): 502-527. (Actually published in 2012)

Journal Articles (Forthcoming) Faria, Caroline: “Styling the nation: fear and desire in the South Sudanese beauty trade” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographer. (Forthcoming, 2013) Faria, Caroline, and S. Mollett. "Messing with gender in feminist political ecology,” Geoforum 45 (Forthcoming) Book Review, Essay Reviews, and Translations Boutaghou, Ferial. “Qu’est-ce qu’un auteur beur” by Kathryn Kleppinger (original in English “What is a Beur Author?”), in F. Alix, C. Ducournau, A-S Catalan, T Harpin, E. Olivier & M Sychet (eds), Postcolonial Studies modes d’emploi, Lyon : Presses Universitaires de Lyon, (2013): 100-114. (Translation) Clark, John. “Frere, Marie-Soleil. Elections and the Media in Post-Conflict Africa: Votes and Voices for Peace? (Brief article)(Book review)” Review of Elections and the media in post-conflict Africa: votes and voices for peace?, Marie-Soleil Frère, Choice 49, no.9 (2012): 5300. Rahier, Jean Muteba. "Henry Louis Gates Jr.: A Self-Identified U.S. Black IntellectualEntrepreneur on Blacks in Latin America." Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology 18, no. 1 (2013): 153-156. (Review Essay) Funding and Grants Faria, Caroline 

2013. FIU Junior Faculty Mentor Grant

2013. AAG-National Science Foundation travel grant

2013. Broad Fellowship, School of International and Public Affairs, Florida International University 42 | P a g e

2013. Writing Across the Curriculum course development grant, College of Arts and Sciences, Florida International University

Wettberg, Eric J Biship-von 

2013. NSF IOS-1339346 "Deducing the Genomic Footprint and Functional Impact of Chickpea Domestication on Nitrogen Fixation," under the direction of PI Douglas R. Cook (UC Davis), Eric J. von Wettberg (FIU), Ramachandra V. Penmetsa (UC Davis).

Conference Presentations Clark, John 

“The Intriguing Case of Pasteur Ntoumi and the Political Culture of CongoBrazzaville.” Presentation at the 55th Annual African Studies Association (ASA) Conference, Philadelphia, PA. November 2012.

“Peacemaking or Pacification for the Pool: The Restoration of State Authority in a Rebellious Region of Congo-Brazzaville.” Presentation at the Nordic Africa Days Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland. October, 2012.

Fromm, Annette 

“A Gentle Blending of Academic and Professional: Training of Museum Personnel.” Presentation at InterMuseum 2013, ICOM Russia, Moscow, Russia. June, 2013

“Teaching History, the Intersection of Ethnography and History.” Presentation at Contemporary History and Museums, an International Symposium in Commemoration of Opening of the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History, Seoul, Korea. February, 2013.

Faria, Caroline 

“Beauty and the Global Intimate: Traveling cosmopolitanisms and embodied transnationalisms in the East African Hair Trade.” Presentation at IGU meetings, Kyoto, Japan. August, 2013.

“Fear and Desire in the South Sudanese Beauty Trade.” Presentation at IGU gender and geography pre-conference, Nara, Japan. August, 2013.

“‘I Want My Children To Know Sudan’: Long Distance nationalisms and the Politics of Home.” Presentation at Association of American Geographers annual meeting, Los Angeles, CA. March, 2013.

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“Navigating a Nationalist Feminism?: Insights from the new South Sudan.” Presentation at African Studies Association meetings, Philadelphia, PA. December, 2013.

“‘Women Oy-yee!’: Occupying Constitutional Space for Gender Equity in the new South Sudan.” Presentation co-organized with Professor Ulrich Oslender for the panel: “Occupy what, and for whom?: Examining Liberatory and Oppressive Geographies of Occupation.” Annual Critical Geography Conference, UNC, North Carolina. November, 2013.

“Fear and Desire in the South Sudanese Beauty Trade.” Presentation at Association of American Geographers annual meetings. Discussant, “New Geographies of African Development.” Panelist, “Doing Feminist Geography after the Postcolonial Turn.” New York, NY. February, 2013.

Invited Addresses Boutaghou, Ferial 

“A Bilingual Memory of the Algerian War of Independence.” Presentation at the Department of Romance Literatures and Languages, University of Michigan. January 24, 2013.

“Introduction to Cultural Anthropology of Islam.” Presentation at Week Seminar on Islamic Culture, SRI (Service des relations avec l’Islam, Diocèse de Paris) Orsay. July 7, 2012.

“Sexuality as Territory of Exile in Taos Amrouche’s Fictions.” Presentation at Annual Meeting Middle East Studies Association, Denver. November 17-20, 2012.

Neumann, Roderick 

“Interrogating Conservation Displacements.” Presentation at Environmental Displacement in a Global Context Workshop, York Centre for Refugee Studies, York University

Otovo, Okezi 

“Maternalismo baiano ou paternalismo nacional: o estado brasileiro como patrono e patriarca, 1930-1945” Presentation at the Colóquio Internacional: “Raça, Ciência, Assistência” at the Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da Fonseca. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2013.

“Na saúde e na doença: consanguinidade, casamento eugênico, e medicina-legal” Presentation at the Fifth International Symposium: “Brasil-EUA: Novas Gerações, Novos Olhares.” Casa de Rui Barbosa, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2013. 44 | P a g e

Parfitt, Tudor 

“Let my people go: African Americans and the Hebrew Bible.” Presented at Ruth K. and Shepard Broad Distinguished Lecture. January 29, 2013.

“Black Jews in Africa and the Americas.” Presented at Jewish Museum of Florida FIU. February 4, 2013.

“The Lemba and the African Ark” Presented at The Honors College Excellence Lecture February 20, 2013.

“The Lemba Jews of Zimbabwe.” Presented at Ruth K. and Shepard Broad Distinguished Lecture. February 20, 2013.

“Black Judaism: the Problematic.” Presentation at David Patterson Lecture, Oxford Center of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, Oxford University. May, 2013.

Rahier, Jean Muteba 

“Tourism and Sustainable Development: Lessons from the Caribbean Experience for SubSaharan Africa.” Presentation in session entitled, “Diaspora Linkages in the New Global Architecture of Caribbean Development” during the conference “FiftyFifty: Critical Reflections in a Time of Uncertainty” held at the Jamaica Pegasus Hotel in Kingston, Jamaica. The conference was organized by the University of the West Indies, and the SALISES, Mona Campus. August 20-25, 2012.

“O Movimento Social Negro na América Latina: da Mestiçagem Monocultural ao Multiculturalismo.” Invited lecturer for the Universidad Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza campus. December 14, 2012.

“‘Old’ and ‘New’ Diasporas, Globalization, and the Current Configuration of Africana Studies.” Keynote lecturer for Carleton College, MN, African and African American Studies Program during the symposium “Bridging the Gap: African Diaspora Studies, Area Studies, and the Disciplines.” Dr. Rahier played a major role during that symposium as on 02/16/2013 he also served as a panelist during the session “Conceptualizing African Diaspora Studies,” and during the session “Nos ancêtres les philosophes de négritude?: African Diaspora Studies in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Europe.” February 15, 2013.

“Les mouvements sociaux noirs en Amérique Latine : de l’idéologie du métissage (mestizaje) monoculturel au multiculturalisme.” Invited participant in the Journée d’Études “L’Atlantique Multiracial: Discours, Politique et Dénis” organized at the Université des Sciences Humaines et Sociales - Lille 3 Centre d’ Études en Civilisations, Langues et Lettres Étrangères (CECILLE), Master en Langues, Cultures et Interculturalité. March 15, 2013.

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"Identités noires, idéologies du métissage, et identités nationales avant et après le tournant multiculturel en Amérique Latine" (Black Identities, Ideology of Mestizaje, and National Identities Before and After the Latin American Multicultural Turn). Presentation for seminar "Le Monde atlantique esclavagiste et post-esclavagiste : approches biographiques et généalogiques" (The Atlantic World slavery and postslavery: biographical and genealogical approaches). Seminar leader CIRESC (a unit of the CNRS [Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique]). Université de Paris Diderot, Paris, France. March 28, 2013.

Pouvoir colonial et sexe inter-racial au Congo belge: Mémoire cachée de pratiques répandues" (Colonial power and inter-racial sex in the Belgian Congo: Hidden memory of widespread practices). Presentation at Magistral lecture at the Unité de Recherches "Migrations et Sociétés" (URMIS), Paris, France. March 25, 2013.

"Pouvoir colonial et sexe inter-racial au Congo belge: Mémoire cachée de pratiques répandues" (Colonial power and inter-racial sex in the Belgian Congo: Hidden memory of widespread practices). M.A. course led at the Université de ParisDiderot on Migrations and Inter-Ethnic/Inter-Racial Relations. March 21, 2013.

Participation in seminar "Anthropologie des sociétés post-esclavagistes. Études comparées à partir de la Caraïbe et des Amériques Noires. Figures de la soumission et de la subversion" (Anthropology of post-slave societies. Comparative studies from the Caribbean and black Americas. Figures of submission and subversion), at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris, France. Seminar led by Anne-Marie Losonczy and Odille Hoffman. March 18, 2013. o

On 03/18, the exponents were Christine Chivallon and Gérard Collomb, on the theme "Traitement muséographique de la soumission et des résistances à l’esclavage." (Museographic treatment of submission and resistance to slavery). 9:00am to 12:30pm. March 18, 2013.

“Métis/Mulâtre, Mulato, Mulatto, Negro, Moreno, Mundele Kaki, Black…: A SelfEthnography on the Wanderings and Meanderings of Identities.” Presentation at Honors Society of the International Studies Program of the University of Kentucky, Lexington. Keynote lecturer. April 12, 2013.

Editorial Boards and Committees Fromm, Annette 

Editorial Board of the International Journal of Intangible Heritage, published by the National Folk Museum of Korea

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Scientific Committee, Ecomuseums 2012, 1st International Conference on Ecomuseums, Community Museums and Living Communities, Seixal, Portugal. October, 2012.

Scientific Committee, Sharing Cultures, 2013, 3rd International Conference on Intangible Heritage (Aviero, Portugal), organized by the Green Lines Institute. July 2013.

Invited to serve Scientific Committee, for Heritage 2014, 4th International Conference on Heritage and Sustainable Development, Guimarães, Portugal. June 2014.

Recognition Theard, Noelle. MFA Complete in Photography from Parsons, The New School For Design. August, 2013. Also, the Department would like to extend the warmest congratulations for the newest incoming addition to her family; a baby girl! Congratulations! The AADS Department would like to extend a huge congratulations to the following members for their promotions: Rahier, Jean Muteba: Promoted to Professor of Anthropology and AADS! Rifkind, David: Promoted to Associate Professor of Architecture with tenure! Wuaku, Albert: Promoted to Associate Professor of Religious Studies with tenure!

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AADS International Engagement: The African & African Diaspora Studies Program is excited to announce that AADS is now an institutional member of West African Research Association (WARA)! The West African Research Association (WARA) was founded in 1989. WARA’s mission is to promote research and scholarly exchange between West African and US scholars and institutions. WARA supports the production and dissemination of knowledge on West Africa and the diaspora through its research fellowships, conferences, and publications; and through the many programs headquartered at WARA’s research center in Dakar, Senegal. For more information, please visit:

AADS is also pleased to announce that the Program is also an institutional member of The Association for the Study of The Worldwide African Diaspora (ASWAD)! The Association for the Study of the Worldwide African Diaspora (ASWAD) is a not-forprofit, tax deductible organization of international scholars seeking to further our understanding of the African Diaspora, that is, the dispersal of people of African descent throughout the world. Through the examination of history, dance, anthropology, literature, women's studies, education, geology, political science, sociology, language, art, music, film, theater, biology, photography, etc., we seek to share the most recent research both within and across disciplinary and other conventional boundaries. We seek to do this by way of conferences and symposia held periodically, as well as through publications. In addition, we look for ways to share our work with students and the general community. All who share such interests are welcome to join ASWAD. A number of AADS faculty and graduate students will be participating in the forthcoming ASWAD conference in the Dominican Republic in November, 2013. For more information, please visit:

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Study Abroad: Senegal and The Gambia Senegal & The Gambia: Traditions, Globalization, and Tourism in West Africa, Summer, 2013, was a six-week program designed to provide students with an introduction to West African cultures and traditions. The program explored the growing centrality of tourism—particularly “cultural and heritage tourism” and “academic tourism”—as an increasingly significant sector of the global economy. Students were introduced to some of West Africa’s largest ethnic groups (including the Wolof, Mandinka, and Fulani), and gained rudimentary understanding of the Wolof language and culture as they explored questions related to the politics and aesthetics of constructing difference in globalized tourism. While in Senegal (one week), students visited Gorée Island and its Maison des Esclaves (slave house), near Dakar, the capital City. Gorée is a poignant reminder of the region’s role as a West African center of the slave trade to the Americas. Students also visited the island-city of Saint Louis, which was the capital of the French colonial empire in West Africa. The trip also brought students to “the Petite Côte,” mostly known for its beautiful beaches. In The Gambia (four weeks), students were housed in townhouses in Kololi, near Banjul, the capital city, for four weeks. From there, students visited, among other sites, the Makasutu culture forest and spent some time with bands of vegetarian baboons. The Gambia being a predominantly Muslim country, students also had the opportunity to visit and spend some time in sites associated with Islamic religion. Students also visited the village of Juffureh, which was identified by Alex Haley as the place of origin of his ancestors... Students visited the Kunta Kinteh Island (formerly known as James Island) and the ruins of Fort James, from where slaves were shipped to the Americas. The program was open to undergraduate and graduate students at FIU and other universities nationally and internationally. For a total of 6 FIU credits, undergraduate students took WOL 1170 - Introduction to Wolof Language and Culture (3 credits), and ANT 4473 - Anthropology of Globalization (3 credits), which is an FIU Global Learning (GL) course. Graduate students took ANG 6472 - Anthropology of Globalization (3 credits), and AFA 6905 - Independent Study / Directed Readings in African & African Diaspora Studies (3 credits). AADS has organized this program in collaboration with the University of the Gambia (UTG) in Banjul and the Université Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD) in Dakar. Study abroad students had the opportunity to interact with students from the UTG. 49 | P a g e

My Study Abroad Experience: Rebekah Knight I thought this was going to be just another meeting with my Advisor before the next semester started so that I could make sure I was on the right track; I’m glad I was so wrong. It is during that meeting that I got information about the Study Abroad program the African and African Diaspora Studies Program (AADS) was having to Africa. I had dreamed of visiting Africa ever since I was a child; I believed myself to be quite Afrocentric. I was excited to go home that evening to let my parents know about the trip because the deadline for the first payment was soon approaching. Once my parents agreed that the trip would be a great experience for me and they would help finance part of the expenses I was ecstatic. I had no idea who was going on the trip nor had I even met the professors but I didn’t even care because I was going to Africa! I knew that everything else would eventually fall into place. Figure 6 FIU student Rebekah Knight in Gorée Island, Senegal.

We had a few informational meetings where we met our fellow travelers and were able to ask any final questions. After the final informational meeting which took place right before summer, the trip was finally becoming real. I had never met or even seen any of the other people going on the trip until that last meeting. But, because they were just as excited about the trip as I was, I felt we had some type of connection. During the first week of courses, which took place in Miami, I was taken aback by the syllabus. I knew this was an educational trip but I didn’t think we’d actually be doing “real” work and have readings that we’d discuss in class. After the first two days I

Figure 7: FIU students Fred Noel, Rebekah Knight, Schelomith Doirin, Precious Lane with Bassirou Rahier at the mosque of Ouakam, Senegal.

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realized I had to step my game up and not think this was going to be a free grade just because we weren’t going to be at FIU. After I got over my few seconds of wanting to be lazy and actually took a look at some of the work required from both courses (ANT 4473 “Anthropology of Globalization,” and WOL 1170 “Introduction to Wolof Language and Culture”), it was not as bad as I originally feared. Everything we learned during the first week was preparing us for what to expect when we first got to Senegal and The Gambia. All the short films and Wolof phrases and songs we heard just made me more excited about the trip. The night right before the trip I stayed up extremely late packing and repacking because I had to make sure I had all my necessities and a bunch of other “just-because” items. One thing I learned from this study abroad trip is that I over-packed so much it was a shame. I didn’t wear half of the clothes I brought with me and ended up having to give away enough things so that I’d have room for everything I Figure 8: FIU students Precious Lane, Schelomith bought while there. When the time came Doirin, Rebekah Knight, and Aysha with Fred Noel in Gorée Island, Senegal. to go to the airport, I wasn’t the least bit sad to say good-bye to my parents. I had the Viber and GroupMe apps on my phone so I was okay with being away for five weeks. The flights would have to be the worst part of my experience of this trip. I am not afraid of flying but I get very nauseous and the lengths of some of the flights were just too long for my liking. The only good things about the international flights were the fact that all the movies and shows were free! They even gave us meals. One layover on the way to Africa that I didn’t mind was our second stop in Brussels, Belgium. The country known for their waffles! We were able to leave the airport and the only thing on my mind was going to get waffles before we had to rush back in time for our flight. We took the train, which happened to be one of the cleanest I’ve ever seen anywhere and we were off to go find breakfast. Walking through the city, I was even more surprised to see how clean the streets were. I have never seen anything like it before. I saw a truck on the street that was cleaning the pavements and even though I’ve seen that before in the US, it never looked as clean as the streets of Belgium. I would have loved to stay there a little longer to see how the city really was when it hit the afternoon and evening times but we had limited time. Once I finally got my waffle, 51 | P a g e

it did not disappoint! When I say that was the best waffle I’ve ever had in my life, I’m not even exaggerating. I didn’t even need to throw a bunch of syrup on it to make it taste good. It was sweet all by itself and needed nothing extra added. After our stop in Brussels, we finally reached Dakar, Senegal, that evening; one day after our departure from Miami. I was excited but so tired from the trip that all I wanted to do was get to wherever it was we were staying and get some real sleep. The airport reminded me of my flights into one of the Caribbean Islands. At first, I thought it was nothing important to write home Figure 10: FIU students Schelomith Doirin, Aysha Preston, and Rebekah Knight at a function in about, as it was functional and served its Banjul, The Gambia purpose and that was all there was to it. But it wasn’t until I started hearing the local people speak that it dawned on me that I was really on an international trip. We were told before we arrived about the different languages that would be spoken in Senegal but it wasn’t until we arrived and experienced the language for ourselves that it began to resonate with me. I could hear and understand a tiny bit of the French being spoken because I’d taken a language course and had a few friends who spoke French. It was only when I heard how the French was mixed with some of the other unfamiliar African languages that I realized how much I was completely unfamiliar with the language structures in Senegal. Everyone was so friendly and had so much they wanted to say but I had no idea what was being said so I did a lot of smiling. We stayed in four different places while in Senegal which was one of the best ideas about the trip. We were able to Figure 9: FIU Students Precious Lane, Aysha Preston, Rebekah Knight, and Shelomith Doirin at get the best of both worlds in a sense. It slavery museum in Juffureh, The Gambia was said that each place got better and better as we went along but I happened to like the first place we stayed in the best. It 52 | P a g e

was very family-oriented and the people who worked and lived in the huge house were so kind. There wasn’t always hot water and the lights would go on and off but I knew what I was getting into before signing up for the trip so it wasn’t anything unbearable. While staying at that house we were able to have late night trips to the ice cream parlor as well as to eat Afra (grilled meat), one of my new favorite evening snacks. Some of my best meals were served in that house and I made sure I took pictures to remember them. The food wasn’t difficult to get used to because I have a Caribbean background but for those who don’t like spices, rice, or fish, it will take some getting used to. The food was always so fresh, nothing like the processed goods we get in the US. I loved it! One of the next best things any girl would love that we were able to do while in Senegal was to shop! The shopping in Senegal was like nothing I expected. It was like being at the biggest flea market in America in the middle of the summer. It was so exciting because it was a new experience but it was also nerve racking because the market was so crowded. There were people everywhere you turn to. It was like being in Disney World and trying to hold hands so you don’t lose your group. It was Figure 11: FIU student Rebekah in very easy to get distracted and get lost from Banjul, The Gambia everyone else. One thing I noticed throughout the trip was that Senegalese people are some of the best salesmen. I’ve never been able to work retail because I wouldn’t be able to sell a paper bag even if I tried. But Senegalese people, they could sell me a grain of salt and have me believing I couldn’t leave without having it right away. It was as if it was genetic because they were all good salesmen! If you bought something from one person and walked two steps, someone else might be selling the same thing but they were so smooth they could make it seem like the one they had was totally different or that you needed a duplicate one. The drive to The Gambia was quite an experience if you’re not used to long road trips but it was a great way to see the “real” Africa. We passed by many places any photographer would love and even saw parts of the countryside and what the less developed part of Africa look like. We knew when we got to The Gambia because we were finally able to have longer conversations with the locals because they spoke 53 | P a g e

English as well! The way they construct their sentences and the meanings behind some of their sayings are not like how they are in the U.S. but it was great to see how other people of other cultures are. The living arrangements made for us in the apartment complexes in The Gambia were great. We were able to see the same faces enough to make us feel comfortable and we were able to practice the Wolof we learned with our new friends. There was always someone awake to talk to and we even found a restaurant down the street that always had Wi-Fi in case ours went out. Our classes were held in the same apartment complex so there was no need to have to rush because everything was right there. For those who liked to party, even the night life was something to be excited about. I’m not a night person so all the partying and staying out late wasn’t my thing but for those who are into that, you would not be disappointed. There were clubs that played the same music we listen to in the US, there was a Casino in Senegal if that’s your thing, we went to a house party and my roommates and I went to an amazing social event in which there was spoken word, dancing, music, art and everything else. Trying to fit all the wonderful things that happened to me during the 5 weeks I spent studying abroad into this short piece of work will not do the trip justice. If you ever had the desire to travel to Africa or if you’re just into Anthropology and learning about different cultures, this is the study abroad trip you don’t want to pass up. Go to the information meeting and then do some of your own research. You won’t be disappointed.

Figure 12: FIU student Rebekah before horseback riding in Kolili Beach, The Gambia

Rebekah Knight, FIU Student in Certificate Program in African Studies.

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My Study Abroad Experience: Aysha Preston When I told my family I was going to go to Africa in the summer, 2013, they initially supported me, before they found out it would be a month long excursion. We all began to wonder how I would survive. What if I get homesick? Will I like the food? How are the people there? Will the courses be more “interactive” over there? As a new student to FIU, I could only hope for the best and prepare for the worst. Luckily, the worst never came. Our first stop in the Motherland was Figure 13: FIU Students Aysha and Rebekah at Dakar, Senegal. Everywhere we went we saw a soccer game in The Gambia. people in the streets, socializing, setting up shops, working, walking… There was so much movement. I was not expecting this city to remind me so much of an American city. The city was bustling, filled with people, shops, and even casinos! I only notice tourists at the major points of interest because we visited during the off-peak season. This allowed us to see things more freely and get better bargains when shopping! One of the most memorable events while in Senegal was certainly the visit of the Island of Gorée. I have been told about the “door of no return” at home in my grandmother’s living room but seeing it in real life at Gorée was extremely moving for me. The tour guide when on about “how it was the only door that the slave went out of and how everyone had to pass through it to depart to the Americas or die on the island without any medical attention.” There were conflicts between his well-spoken and Figure 14: Senegalese dish "Benachin" rehearsed narrative and the understandings I took from the readings in Anthropology of Globalization course I took as part of this study abroad program. By reading, participating in discussions, and then visiting the historical sites that we had discussed in class (such as Gorée) I was able to get a well-rounded view of not only the true history of the above mentioned trip in Senegal, but also of Senegambian culture. 55 | P a g e

The nicest people I’ve ever met live in The Gambia. Our cohort stayed in the small beach town of Kairaba. We were minutes away from the ocean and it had a resort oasis feeling the entire month. Everyone was friendly, and the people were always smiling. I heard many times that The Gambia is the “Smiling Coast of Africa” and it’s true. When there, I felt at ease seeing that everyone was happy. The electricity was not always on, and the streets were missing sidewalks, but none of that mattered to the Gambians. They had a huge appreciation for life and family itself, an appreciation I’ve brought back with me to the States. The West African Study Abroad trip through AADS was not my first study abroad Figure 15: Gorée Island "Door of No Return" experience, but it was by far the most real. Because our cohort was small and that we were travelling with Senegambian natives (such as Professor Miriama Jaiteh who taught Intro. To Wolof Language and Culture and Mr. Michael Nicol, the program vendor), the experience felt less like American students visiting as outsiders and more like we were fully immersing ourselves into the culture. We were able to attend traditional ceremonies, dance lessons, eat homemade Senegambian meals, and much more! I did not feel like I was simply looking at another culture, suddenly I became part of that other culture. It was a unique and rewarding experience that will forever be cherished. The five students who participated in the summer 2013 cohort each came from different backgrounds and had various perspectives on Africa. We were able to discuss these ideas freely in and out of the classroom. We were such an intimate group that we were forced to get to know one another and that in itself was a unique experience. We 56 | P a g e

really learned from one another and played off each other’s strengths and weaknesses. Where one student was good at bargaining, another student was good in the local language, Wolof. We used each other to live comfortably within Senegal and The Gambia and also as a support system if homesickness were to ever kick in. I think I speak for the entire group when I say that our biggest Thank You goes to the professors and vendors involved in making this experience as success. Dr. Rahier, Professor Jaiteh, and Mr. Nicol Figure 16: Kairaba Beach, The Gambia "The Smiling Coast of Africa". made sure that we students got whatever it was we wanted to get. When we wanted to have custom traditional garments made, they made it happen. When we wanted to learn the art of sabar (dance), they made it happen. When we wanted to witness one of the events of the “secret societies� of The Gambia, they made it happen. It seemed as if nothing was out of reach. The opportunity to travel abroad with such a dedicated and enthusiastic group of people was phenomenal for me. I hope this program remains at FIU for many years, keeping its fullimmersion into the Senegambian culture as one of its primary goals. I recommend the program to any and every one remotely interested in Africa or other cultures. I learned a lot about myself and the countries visited. It sure beats regular Figure 17: Horseback riding on Kairaba Beach, The classroom powerpoints! The only Gambia thing I cannot promise is that your cohort will be fabulous as mine was.

Aysha Preston, FIU student in combined M.A./Ph.D. Program in AADS and Global & Sociocultural Studies.

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My Study Abroad Experience: Shelomith Doirin Shelomith Doirin

The rewards I gained from studying abroad surpassed my expectations. The program taught me a lot about Africa but even more about myself. I feel as though the person that I was when I came back to the U.S carried a new and much broader view of the world. I learned about different West African cultures and traditions and explored topics such as tourism in its different forms. My trip to Africa will continue to influence the decisions I make both professionally and personally and I look forward to seeing how everything that I learned will impact my future decisions and studies.

Figure 18: FIU student Shelomith Doirin in GorĂŠe Island, Senegal.

Shelomith Doirin, FIU student

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Exciting News! Shortly after the AADS summer, 2013, study abroad cohort left Senegal, President Barak Obama visited The Door of No Return as part of an extended panAfrican tour.

Figure 19: President Barak Obama looks out to sea through the Door of No Return, at Gorée Island in Dakar, Senegal, Thursday, June 27, 2013. (Photo: Rebecca Blackwell via Todays Zaman).

Figure 21: Photo Door of No Return, Gorée Island, Dakar, Senegal. Photo taken by FIU summer, 2013, study abroad cohort.

Figure 20: President Barak Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama lookout out through The Door of No Return; 3 weeks after the FIU, 2013, study abroad cohort left! (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza).

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Conferences Abroad: Snapshots The AADS department is excited to showcase a few of the international engagements our members have with the rest of the world. Since AADS is devoted to the study of Africa as well as the African diaspora, international engagements are crucial to our program and embodies who we are as students, researchers, activists, and academics. These very brief snapshots of our activities abroad showcase, quite impressively, how we are an active department not only on campus, but in the international community as well.

Dr. Caroline Faria 

“Beauty and the Global Intimate: Traveling cosmopolitanisms and embodied transnationalisms in the East African Hair Trade.” Presentation at IGU meetings, Kyoto, Japan. August, 2013.

“Fear and Desire in the South Sudanese Beauty Trade.” Presentation at IGU gender and geography pre-conference, Nara, Japan. August, 2013.

Dr. Jean M. Rahier

Figure 22: FIU Professer Rahier giving keynote speech at DIAFAR event. Picture taken by DIAFAR

On September 16, 2013, Dr. Jean Muteba Rahier was invited to give the opening keynote lecture--"Movimientos sociales negros en América Latina, el giro hacia el multiculturalismo y "nuevas" conceptualizaciones de la diáspora africana"--for the Terceras Jornadas de Estudios Afrolatinoamericanos del GEALA (Grupo de Estudios Afrolatinoamericanos del Instituto Ravignani), which took place at the Universidad de Buenos Aires, in Argentina.

Dr. Rahier was also interviewed by the Diaspora Africana de la Argentina (DIAFAR). DIAFAR is a collective of Afro-descended people who are legally organize around issues that the African diasporic community faces. Specific to the context of Argentina, DIAFAR is committed to gaining a better understanding of the legacy and presence of

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African heritage. Dr. Rahier was a guest to the DIAFAR organization and shared his work on the landscapes of Afro-descended social movements in the region. For more information on DIAFAR and Dr. Rahier’s visit, please click on this link:

Figure 23: Professor Rahier seated with DIAFAR members sharing his work on black social movement in Latin America

Dr. Okezi Otovo 

“Maternalismo baiano ou paternalismo nacional: o estado brasileiro como patrono e patriarca, 1930-1945” Presentation at the Colóquio Internacional: “Raça, Ciência, Assistência” at the Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da Fonseca. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2013. “Na saúde e na doença: consanguinidade, casamento eugênico, e medicina-legal” Presentation at the Fifth International Symposium: “Brasil-EUA: Novas Gerações, Novos Olhares.” Casa de Rui Barbosa, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2013.

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Dr. Tudor Parfitt Dr. Parfitt was in Papua New Guinea for 12 days this past April, 2013, for part of his investigations into the religious life and identity of the Gogodala tribe of Balimo. Along with him were his wife, 4 students, and a team from External Relations as they studied and networked with the local Gogodala people. For more information about this exciting trip, please visit:

In July, 2013, Dr. Parfitt was in Istanbul, Turkey, with FIU President Mark B. Rosenberg. He spoke at the opening ceremony at the Bahcesehir University and he also gave a talk on World War ll as a racial war. There were two other FIU students who also attended this trip, alongside 54 other college students from 17 countries in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and North America. For more information about this incredible excursion, please visit:

Figure 24: Dr. Parfitt with FIU President Mark B. Rosenberg in Instanbul, Turkey.

Exciting News! On Feburary 25th, Dr. Parfitt will have an event focused on the black Jews in the Jewish museum. He will also be offering a course for Jewish Museum Studies here at FIU!

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AADS Tourism Initiative In the past few years, FIU’s African & African Diaspora Studies Program (AADS) has engaged in a number of activities that clearly denote a strong interest for the multi- and inter-disciplinary field of inquiry called Tourism Studies. This is how the theme of tourism was inserted in the title of our study abroad program that brings students to Senegal and The Gambia for five weeks in the summer since 2010: “Traditions, Globalization, and Tourism in West Africa” (see our website——and the pieces included in this newsletter). One of the courses offered during the study abroad program is ANT 4473/ANG 6472 “Anthropology of Globalization” (a GL course for the undergraduate section). The focus of that course is on: tourism as a complex phenomenon that is also the world's largest industry with annual revenues of approximately US$3 trillion (see the United Nations World Tourism Organization). As a result, transnational corporations based in the West or the Global North manage much of the industry, promoting particular places and sights, travel arrangements, accommodations, food, entertainment, and even the manufacturing and sale of souvenirs. With globalization "culture," the “past,” and their “places” have increasingly become traveling commodities. The course hopes to provide answers to a series of questions: What is tourism? How could the ethnographic study of tourism shed light on formations of culture and identity in a postmodern world? How is tourism actually reproducing and reinforcing unequal relations of power and access to resources? Does tourism have consequences for host communities? What are the experiences of tourists, performers and others who interact daily and perform rituals of encounter in today’s expanding circuits of travel and movement? The course pays attention to tourism in Sub-Saharan Africa. It looks at tourism in terms of its immediate contexts of cultural display and

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performances, and of its specific locations in global flows of capital, people, goods, and images. As a logical result of the geographic focus of our travels during the course, we mostly concentrate on the Senegambian region in West Africa. Students read about different tourism formations: roots/heritage tourism (Gorée in Senegal and Juffureh in The Gambia); sex tourism (in both countries); beach tourism; pro-poor or poverty reduction sustainable tourism, etc. Then, we discuss these Figure 25: The Beach Bar Restaurant Kunta Kinteh near Banjul, The Gambia. readings in light of our visits of specific sites where what we read about is actually performed and/or displayed. Following the very first study abroad program, which included both undergraduate and graduate students, AADS organized a session at an international conference entitled “Tourism and Seductions of Difference,” which took place from September 8-11, 2010 at the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, in Lisbon, Portugal. Our session presented the research projects of the graduate students. It was entitled “‘The Revelation,’ Re-Affirmation, and Re-Invention of Self Through the ‘Discovery,’ Consumption, and Experiencing of Others: Globalization and Interactions in Senegambian Tourism Formations.” The session included papers by Mariama Jaiteh, Tyler Perry, Mamyrah Prosper, Jean Rahier, and Synatra Smith. Taking advantage of their presence in Senegal and The Gambia during the study abroad program, both instructors involved, Jean Rahier and AADS’s Wolof Instructor Mariama Jaiteh, have been conducting research, respectively, on roots/heritage tourism in The Gambia (Juffureh and Kunta Kinteh Island, formerly known as James Island) and sex tourism in The Gambia, which has been called for that specific case “romance tourism”: it involves older European women who travel to The Gambia to enjoy sexual encounters with young, hard-bodied, often dreadlock-wearing, Gambian men. Her research pays careful attention to the voices of the Gambian men in focus, unlike previous work on the subject.

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AADS is currently preparing the submission of a new upper-level undergraduate/graduate course proposal: AFS 4XXX/6XXX that will be entitled “Tourism Formations in Africa & the African Diaspora.” From April 4-6, 2013, AADS organized the international conference “Tourism and Pro-Poor Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean.” At the time, in addition to indicate that both regions have economies characterized by a high dependency on the tourism industry, we justified the holding of that conference in these terms: Following conversations recently held on the Internet and in person in Dakar, Senegal; Banjul, The Gambia; Kingston, Jamaica; and Miami, Florida; FIU’s African & African Diaspora Studies Program (AADS) proposes to hold this first meeting/conference in April 2013 with the objective to create a space in which participants will engage, Figure 26: FIU study abroad students and vegetarian in a fruitful exchange, in a baboons in Makasutu Forest in The Gambia. comparative assessment of pro-poor sustainable tourism in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to facilitate the development of comparative research projects that will have a positive impact on tourism policy adoption for poverty reduction in both regions. The premise being that both regions will gain from fertile comparative work. It brought to our Modesto Maidique Campus a number of specialists from both regions and from other universities in the U.S. and the U.K. (For a list of participants with their respective titles, click here). Invited participants were asked to use the notion of “pro-poor sustainable tourism” to critically explore the history of the tourism industry in the Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa, and to discuss contemporary trends in the field and among policy makers, considering the different niches of tourism segments in each region. Ultimately, it was hoped that the meeting would create a space favorable for comparative work where a number of questions would be asked about the lessons that should be drawn from each region’s experiences. The paper presentations led to fruitful conversations/discussions. The formation of an international research group working 65 | P a g e

on comparative approaches to pro-poor sustainable tourism development in SubSaharan Africa and the Caribbean was explored. In the summer 2013, taking advantage of the presence on that Caribbean island of one of his Ph.D. students, Angela Roe (who has been conducting research on race relations and racial identification processes in Curaçao in the Dutch West Indies) Dr. Rahier traveled to Willemstad to do some exploratory work on the state of the tourism industry Figure 28: An apartment building at Seaquarium Beach there. For her doctoral dissertation, in Curaçao. Angela Roe has worked on the tourism industry, and particularly on the ways in which Curaçoan “national identity” and Afro-Curaçoan cultural politics and history are portrayed, displayed, and performed to tourists. While meeting with professionals of the local tourism industry, Dr. Rahier was surprised to be told that they had never heard of the expressions “pro-poor tourism” or “poverty reduction” tourism. Dr. Rahier was glad to explain that the expression “pro-poor tourism” emerged as a result of the realization that the idea that a positive and sustainable development would automatically follow the growth of the tourism industry in a given country and trickle down in the various social Figure 27: The beach in the area called Seaquarium strata of that society was completely Beach, Curaçao. erroneous. The only beneficiaries of the development of the tourism industry are usually, when no specific corrective policies is adopted, exclusively: 1) the foreign investors, and 2) their partners among the local elites. The unprivileged sectors of the local economy are only peripherally involved in the less specialized manual labor activities (janitors, security guards, gardeners, housekeeping, etc.), while the positions that require a direct contact with the clientèle is left to foreigners. Everything, even tomatoes and onions, is imported, which dramatically limits any potential positive impact on the local economic sectors in which small entrepreneurs are involved. 66 | P a g e

Curaรงao, unlike other islands in the Caribbean, is characterized by a continued strong Dutch presence (the colonizing power). Dutch investors in fact dominate the local economy, and young Dutch (i.e. white and often blond) men and women are often preferred on Seaquarium Beach, a prominent site for beach tourism, to local (i.e. brown and black) young men and women, to take from American, Venezuelan, Brazilian, and European tourists the orders of drinks and meals with sophisticated wireless devices on the beach. Local (brown and black) employees are only hired as bus boys. Some of them complained about that segregation to Dr. Rahier, adding that they could speak Dutch, English, Spanish, and Portuguese in addition to Papiamentu and would not have any difficulty to interact with all the tourists visiting from different world regions. They expressed hurt feeling for being treated on their own island as secondary personnel only because of their local origin... This is the plight of many poor stakeholders in the global south, where the tourism industry has developed, and where they have very little opportunity to improve their life conditions. AADS is currently planning an international conference on roots/heritage tourism in Africa and the African Diaspora, for the spring semester 2015 (probably in February). Announcements will be circulating soon. Stay tuned!

Figure 29: Curaรงao is a volcanic island: view of the East end of the Island.

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AADS Events for 2013-2014 The AADS program is excited to offer a wide range of events covering diverse topics. Not only do the AADS Program members engage with the international community (see ‘AADS International Engagement’, pg. 48), the AADS Program is also committed to bringing the international community here to FIU. Be on the lookout for additional events upcoming in Spring, 2014!

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AADS Spring courses 2014 The definitive list of courses will soon be uploaded on our website: AADS Courses Undergraduate MMC   

AFA 2004-U01 Popular Black Cultures, Global Dimensions, Prosper AFA 4905 AADS Independent Study Multiple Sections AFA 4941 AADS Internship Multiple Sections

Online      

AFA 2004-RVC Popular Black Cultures, Global Dimensions, Jaiteh AFA 3153 African Civilizations Jean Rahier AFA 3339 Women and Human Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa, Jaiteh AFA 4301 African Visual Arts, Theard AFA 4370 Global Hip Hop, Theard AFA 4372 Race, Gender, and Sexuality in Hip Hop, Kaur

AADS Related MMC    

ANT 3451-U01 Ant Race/Ethnicity, Queeley ANT 3451-U02 Ant Race/Ethnicity, Girard GEA 3600-U01 Pop/Geo of Africa, Faria SYD 4630-U01 Latin & Carib Soc W, Kincaid


AFA 2004-B51 Popular Black Cultures, Global Dimensions, Kaur

Online  

GEA 3320-RVC Geo of Caribbean, Gonzales REL 3375-RVC Religions of the Caribbean, Wuaku 85 | P a g e

Graduate AADS     

AFA 6905 AADS Independent Study Multiple Sections AFA 6911 Proposal Writing in AADS Multiple Sections AFA 6940 AADS Community Project/ Internship Research Multiple Sections AFA 6971 AADS Thesis Research Multiple Sections AFA 6217 Sex, Race, and Power in European Colonialism, Rahier o (this class is cross listed with SYD 6796)

AADS Related  

ANT 6319-U01 African Diaspora, Queeley SYD 6796-U01 Sex Race Power in Col., Rahier o (This class is cross listed with AFA 6217)

For more information on the African & African Diaspora Studies Program, please feel free to contact us!

Florida International University Modesto A. Maidique Campus Labor Center, Room 304 11200 SW 8th Sreet Miami, FL 33199 Tel: 305-348-6860 Fax: 305-348-3270 Email: Website:

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2013 Sin Fronteras, Sans Frontière, Without Borders  

This is the African & African Diaspora Studies Department from Florida International University 2013-2014 Newsletter.

2013 Sin Fronteras, Sans Frontière, Without Borders  

This is the African & African Diaspora Studies Department from Florida International University 2013-2014 Newsletter.