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When ‘n’ how to use different camera VHWWLQJVDQGequipment to get you perfect photo o 1 Set up a tripod by first extending the legs, unlocking the first section of the tripod and extending the leg to the desired position. Then press the locking tab back into closed position and raise the center column to the right height, locking the knob on the center of the column when finished. Make sure to choose a tripod that supports the size and weight of your camera, as well as a light tripod if you plan on traveling around a lot, such as in nature photography. o

2 Mount the head on the top of the tripod. The head is a separate piece from the tripod and camera that fixes to the top screw on the tripod. First you remove the cap on the head, then place the head over the center column, aligning the screws with the hole on the head and screwing them into place with a slot screwdriver.


3 Set your camera's ISO to auto in the options menu, letting it go between the lowest and highest settings according to the available light. A lower ISO means that there is a higherquality shot potential with less noise.


4 Set your camera to shoot in high resolution if using JPEG output in your digital camera's option menu. Typically, you want to shoot in TIF and RAW formats, which allow you to shoot at the highest pixel rate available. However, if you want to shoot in JPEG, go into your digital camera's settings and choose the highest-quality setting with little compression. You might need a larger memory card if it inhabits you from capturing higher-quality photos.


5 Fill the frame of your camera as much as possible with your scene or art. You want to use up most of your available pixels while taking the shot. If you have a horizontal piece, then set your camera to shoot horizontally. If you use a 7-or-more-megapixel camera, it is best to leave room around the work so you can crop in post process.


6 Adjust your flash when you can by opening up the options menu of your camera. If you use a flash, you should use window light instead when available, or natural sunlight if you're outdoors. This allows for a much more natural shot and will not distort the contrast of your image. If you must adjust the flash, make sure that you set it to work well with your light source.

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7 Set your white balance to match the light source in the shot. White balance ensures that all the white "colors" in your background show up as white in the files saved to the camera, also allowing all other colors to appear appropriately. Adjusting the white balance changes the colors of the image, so you may need to play around with the white balance a few times to see its effect on the photo with your light.


8 Snap more creative photos by trying different photo-taking techniques. You may want to alter your perspective by taking a shot overhead of the subject, or you can play with the eye contact if your subject is a person by having him look off-camera or look at something within the frame. Experiment with the lighting to create harsh photos, such as light flooding through blinds that create stripes, or under a shady tree that creates a pattern of leaves.


9 Open your files for post processing using Adobe Photoshop or GIMP. Most camera professionals use Adobe Photoshop to add finishing touches to their photos, such as cropping, lighting, resizing, color balance and so forth.


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Chapter  4:  photography  technique   Topics  that  will  be  discussed       In  this  chapter  we  are  going  to  speak  about  things,  which  can  help  people  to   improve  their  photography.  At  first  they  we  are  explaining  the  principles  and   elements  of  graphic  design  and  show  them  through  examples.  Then  we  are  doing   the  same  things  for  the  camera  angle  and  length.  The  next  thing  is  the  utilization  of   the  green  wall  through  a  video,  which  includes  a  screen  capture  of  a  person  editing  a   green  wall  image  in  Photoshop  and  examples  of  edited  photos.  We  are  also  speaking   about  different  accessories  can  peoples  use  to  improve  the  quality  of  the   photography.  And  finally  show  how  to  use  Photoshop  with  some  photos  of  when   different  featured  are  used  including  before  and  after  examples  of  some  of  the   effects.  Plus  a  screen  captures  videos  explaining  how  to  use  some  of  the  keys   features.  



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Principles  of  design  

  Contrast  is  using  to  highlight  one  thing  by  a  change  of  colour,  shape,  etc.  It    also  uses   the  change  of  size,  shape,  colour,  tone,  typeface,  and  direction  to  create  interest  in   the  creation.     For  Example:    

    Proportion  is  the  size  relationship  of  one  part  to  another.  The  size  of  one  part  of,  for   example  this  picture,  hasn’t  a  big  meaning  but  in  comparing  with  another  part  we   can  say  it’s  too  big  or  too  small.    





Balance:     The  formal  or  symmetrical  balance  is  achieved  when  a  line  drawn  through  the   center  of  the  design  would  create  two  halves  that  are  similar  to  one  another  or   symmetrical.   Example:  

    The  other  type  of  balance  is  the  asymmetrical  (informal)  balance,  it  when   everything  look  different  but  anything  is  obvious.   Example:    





Rhythm   Rhythm  is  a  repetition  of  form  or  other  thing,  which  lead  the  reader’s  eye  in  a   desired  direction.  On  this  example  there  is  tow  different  birds  but  they  are  repeated   three  times  each  and  are  looking  in  the  same  direction.   Example:    

    Unity   In  design  you  can  use  a  lot  of  different  color,  shapes,  form,  etc.  to  make  a  project  but   all  this  has  to  form  a  unity,  which  is  good  looking.     Example:    




Variety   When  you  use  a  variety  object  it  makes  an  image  more  visually  interesting  it  help  to   capture  the  attention  of  viewers     Example:    




Element  of  design,  they  are  tools       Line  is  a  mark  with  greater  length  than  width.  It  is  used  to  define  shape,  contours,   and  outlines,  also  to  suggest  mass  and  volume.     Example:    

        Shape  is  two-­‐dimensional  it  has  height  but  no  depth.  There  is  three  basics  shapes:   circle,  rectangle  (square)  and  triangle  (first  image),  there  are    some  other  shapes   which  are  called  free  formed  or  natural  shapes  (second  image).   Example:  







Form  is  objects  in  three  dimensions.  Form  is  every  shape  in  three  dimensions.  There   is  basic  shape  like  circle  square  or  square  which  become  tube,  cube,  etc.     Example:  

          Space  is  the  area  between  and  around  objects.  It  creates  optic  illusion.     Example  of  negative  and  positive  space:      




Texture  is  the  appearance  of  surfaces.  Texture  also  refers  to  the  way  a  picture  is   made  to  look  rough  or  smooth.   Example:  

          Color  is  how  the  objects  reflect  the  light.    It  is  use  to  create  variety.  The  color  is  the   element,  which  attracts  the  eye  of  the  viewers.  Color  has  three  main  characteristics:     *  Hue  or  its  name  (red,  green,  blue,  etc.)   *  Value  (how  light  or  dark  it  is)   *  Intensity  (how  bright  or  dull  it  is)   Example:    




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