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Agglomerations > 6 million

Experienced Wellbeing DIAGRAM: DELTAMETROPOLIS ASSOCIATION, 2016

0,0

< 4,5

4,5 - 6,0

6,0 - 7,0

7,0 - 7,8

Highly educated population (%)

DATA SOURCES: HAPPY PLANET INDEX (WELLBEING), 2012; UN HABITAT WORLD CITIES, 2015

Landscape appreciation

less than 21

less than 6

21 – 25

6 – 6,5

26 – 30

6,5 – 7

31 – 35

7 – 7,5

more than 35

7,5 – 8

no data

more than 8 built up area

At first glance, these maps support the thesis that highly skilled workers prefer to live in urban areas and that landscape appreciation is more problematic in and

around these urban areas. Appreciation around Amsterdam is higher than around Rotterdam and The Hague, which may contribute to the current brain drain.

other factors that affect house prices such as location and type of property. On average, property prices inside conservation areas have grown at a rate that exceeds comparable properties elsewhere by 0.2% a year” (Ahlfeldt et al, 2012). An American study showed that in crisis situations, housing prices in historical districts prove more robust when compared to other areas. Across a sample of three different states, the number of foreclosures in historical areas was half the number in other areas (Corten, 2014). In 2010 the Inter-American Development Bank showed evidence that in ten World Heritage Cities with heritage-based city-center revitalization programs, property prices increased, along with middle-class residents and business. In the Netherlands, Gerard Marlet 30 BLIND SPOT Part 2. Knowledge Habitats

LEFT: HIGHLY EDUCATED POPULATION (%) (SOURCE: CBS, 2015) RIGHT: LANDSCAPE APPRECIATION MAP OF THE NETHERLANDS (SOURCE: ALTERRA, 2005)

recently stated in “The Municipality Atlas 2015” that historic cities have considerably higher property prices and attract young and highly skilled people. Half a century ago, Jane Jacobs already knew that “the old economy wants new buildings, the new economy wants old ones.” While evidence that availability of nature, recreational options and historical landscapes have the same effects as historical monuments is yet to be given, but several studies suggest that positive correlations can be found (Rouwendal, 2016). Quality of life also serves to attract multinational companies, which use foreign direct investment (FDI) to gain access to foreign markets and obtain new knowl-

edge and technology. Cities compete globally for FDI by improving factors related to their choice for location. Wall and Stavropoulos (2014) find that Unesco World Heritage Cities attract significantly more FDI than other cities. Heritage as an asset for inner-city development (2014) mentions the example of Recife, Brazil, with a metropolitan region of almost four million inhabitants, where heritage strategies aim to attract creative industries and educational institutions. With this reasoning, high quality urban environments are key to attracting the creative class, which in turn draws knowledge-intensive industries. A similar connection may exist between attractive metropolitan landscapes and FDI. A well-known model in which monetary effects are evaluated is (Social) Cost-Benefit Analysis. In a (S)CBA, the effects of a certain investment are monetized and compared. The construction of a highway, for example, benefits the accessibility and economic output of the region, but at the same time, decreases property prices in the vicinity. CBAs are not limited to goods and services that are traded on markets. However, including nonmarket effects requires specific – and often time consuming – valuation techniques and know-how. The great advantage of another integrated evaluation tool, the Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA), is that it may include nonmarket effects, such as biodiversity and cultural values, without having to apply monetary valuation techniques. The MCA is less standardized by guidelines, and therefore allows more freedom for including effects, as well as measuring and weighing them (Bos, 2008).

CITY RANKINGS Many researchers agree that the city rankings found in magazines or on consultancy websites, are not a suitable way for judging the attractiveness of a metropolitan

BOEK Blind Spot - metropolitan landscape in the global battle for talent (4/2016, Deltametropolis)  

Publication in English, webpage in Dutch: http://deltametropool.nl/nl/blind_spot De publicatie Blind Spot bekijkt de relatie tussen kwalitei...

BOEK Blind Spot - metropolitan landscape in the global battle for talent (4/2016, Deltametropolis)  

Publication in English, webpage in Dutch: http://deltametropool.nl/nl/blind_spot De publicatie Blind Spot bekijkt de relatie tussen kwalitei...

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