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ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

Counter-IED Report Winter 2017/18

EVALUATING A PARTNER NATION’S ABILITY TO ABSORB COUNTER–IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE MILITARY ASSISTANCE CROSS-DOMAIN NETWORK ENGAGEMENT: GEOPOLITICAL COMPETITORS, CROSS-DOMAIN CONSIDERATIONS AND MULTI-DOMAIN BATTLE DEVELOPMENTS IN DETECTION TECHNOLOGY FOR MILITARY SEARCH MILITARY UAS WITH IED FLAVOUR: COULD WE CALL THEM “SUICIDE DRONES”? IEDs – PRIMARY TOOL FOR URBAN TERRORISM IN INDIA PRO-IS MILITANTS USING FAKE PBIEDs AND FAKE WEAPONS IN EUROPE AND THE US CBRN APPROACH TO TECHNICAL EXPLOITATION: CARPE DIEM


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REPORT CONTRIBUTORS

Counter-IED Report Published by Delta Business Media Limited 3rd floor, 207 Regent Street London, W1B 3HH United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7193 2303 Fax: +44 (0) 20 3014 7659 info@deltabusinessmedia.com www.deltabusinessmedia.com www.counteriedreport.com

ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

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The opinions and views expressed in the editorial content in this report are those of the authors alone and do not necessarily represent the views of any organisation with which they may be associated. Material in advertisements and promotional features may be considered to represent the views of the advertisers and promoters. The views and opinions expressed in this report do not necessarily express the views of the publisher. While every care has been taken in the preparation of the report, the publisher is not responsible for such opinions and views or for any inaccuracies in the articles. Š 2018. The entire contents of this publication are protected by copyright. Full details are available from the publisher. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner.

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IFC QINETIQ NORTH AMERICA 4 - 5 GARRETT METAL DETECTORS 7

ICOR TECHNOLOGY

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DSA DETECTION

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SCHONSTEDT INSTRUMENT COMPANY

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FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report

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EVALUATING A PARTNER NATION’S ABILITY TO ABSORB COUNTER – IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE MILITARY ASSISTANCE By Russell McIntyre, former U.S. Department of Defense

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MILITARY ENGINEERING 2018

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COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2017/18


CONTENTS

CONTENTS

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SCTX 2018 - SECURITY & COUNTER TERROR EXPO

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CROSS-DOMAIN NETWORK ENGAGEMENT: GEOPOLITICAL COMPETITORS, CROSS-DOMAIN CONSIDERATIONS AND MULTI-DOMAIN BATTLE By Victor R. Morris, a civilian contractor and instructor at the U.S. Army Europe’s Joint Multinational Readiness Center (JMRC) in Germany

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NATO EOD DEMONSTRATIONS & TRIALS 2018

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DEVELOPMENTS IN DETECTION TECHNOLOGY FOR MILITARY SEARCH By Salam Mohammed, Swedish Armed Forces, Swedish EOD and Demining Centre-SWEDEC and Arnold Schoolderman, TNO Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research

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NCT EVENTS 2018

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MILITARY UAS WITH IED FLAVOUR: COULD WE CALL THEM “SUICIDE DRONES”? By Lieutenant Colonel Jose M Rufas, Chief of Attack the Networks Branch, C-IED Centre of Excellence

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MYDEFENCE COMMUNICATION

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COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2017/18


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CONTENTS

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NATSEC ASIA 2018

51 IEDs – PRIMARY TOOL FOR URBAN TERRORISM IN INDIA By Colonel HR Naidu Gade – Indian Army Veteran 59

ISNR 2018 - INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION FOR NATIONAL SECURITY & RESILIENCE

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BEHAVIOURAL ANALYSIS 2018

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PRO-IS MILITANTS USING FAKE PBIEDs AND FAKE WEAPONS IN EUROPE AND THE US By Chief Superintendent (ret.) Michael Cardash, Terrogence Senior CIED Analyst / Author of Mobius reports and Yair Kotzer, Terrogence Physical threats team

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CBRNe SUMMIT EUROPE 2018

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CBRN APPROACH TO TECHNICAL EXPLOITATION: CARPE DIEM By Lieutenant Colonel Jose M Rufas, Chief of Attack the Networks Branch, C-IED Centre of Excellence

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ENFORCE TAC 2018

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EUROSATORY 2018

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FOREWORD

FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report

T

he much vaunted aspiration of ISIS to create an Islamic Caliphate throughout Iraq and Syria is now buried in the rubble of Aleppo and Raqqa in Syria and Mosul in Iraq. ISIS gained international media attention with its blitzkrieg type capture of Mosul in a matter of days in June 2014 and the accompanying vanquishing of the Iraqi army from the city. It was to be three years before Iraq recaptured Mosul, by which time it resembled a city destroyed by bombing during the Second World War. In the end ISIS was no match for the superior firepower of the Russian and Iranian backed Syrian armed forces and the Western coalition firepower supporting the Iraqi armed forces. Despite their setbacks in Iraq and Syria, ISIS remains very much an insurgent group to be monitored and dealt with. The organisation continues to inspire savagery in several countries in Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, the Far East, Europe and the United States. More often than not, this savagery is enacted using IEDs – latterly fake IEDs in some cases. They remain particularly active in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria. Afghanistan continues to be a major problem for the international community. Despite huge efforts by the West and other allies from 2001 – 2014, the country remains essentially dysfunctional with some 50% of its area in the hands of the Taliban, Al Qaeda and ISIS. Recently the US Commander in country admitted that counter-insurgency efforts were stalemated and the

US Defence Secretary stated that “the Coalition was not working” One of the primary reasons for Western involvement in Afghanistan was to reduce opium production – the UK had the lead in this area. However, in November 2017 the UN announced that opium production had reached record levels – having almost doubled in the past 12 months – 9,000 tons produced in 2017 against 4,800 tons in 2016. Opium production is a major source of militants’ income. There are currently very few causes for optimism in Afghanistan. In an article on developments in detection technology in Military Search (MS), the authors from research establishments in Sweden and the Netherlands respectively provide an interesting update on three different strands of MS research. Firstly, trials on the detection of potential IED explosive constituents hidden in a culvert using a variety of techniques and technologies. Secondly they describe trials using handheld metal detectors/Dual Sensors for the detection of buried pressure plates. Finally they outline the activities of a NATO Team of Experts – military and scientific – working towards common goals in MS research. In a wide ranging and insightful article Russell McIntyre, who has worked for the US DoD both as a serving officer and civil servant describes the challenges posed to the US military when providing assistance to Partner Nations in Africa in the counteriedreport.com

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FOREWORD

detection and defeat of IEDs. He contrasts these challenges when compared to recent US military experience in Afghanistan and Iraq. A key challenge is the assessment of a Partner Nation’s absorptive capacity for C-IED assistance – a task required by US Congress in these circumstances. He describes how the US has been “both innovative and aggressive in providing C-IED assistance and advice to African Partner Nations” Colonel (Retired) HR Naidu Gade, Chief Consultant, CBRNe India, in a comprehensive article describes the IED attacks that have plagued India over the past 25 years as the primary tool for urban terrorism. He outlines the factors that have driven the insurgents’ proclivity for urban IED attacks – guaranteed high rates of fatalities, economic disruption and national and global media attention. He begins his article with the devastating IED attacks in Mumbai in March 1993. These comprised 12 coordinated attacks across the city and were the deadliest in India’s history, resulting in 257 fatalities and 713 injured. India assessed that the Pakistani intelligence agency, the ISI, had a role in these attacks. He then describes a further 13 subsequent urban IED attacks across India. He concludes by pointing out that the general public has a major role in helping to avert such attacks by remaining vigilant and alert to any kind of

In an informative and very topical article, Lieutenant Colonel Jose M Rufas of the NATO C-IED COE describes the development of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) designed to carry an explosives cargo – either military ordnance or IEDs. He describes historical efforts dating back to the First World War and current efforts by both state militaries and insurgents to increase the payload and range of these equipments. The Spring/Summer 2017 Counter-IED Report contained an article by Armament Research Services that described an ISIS workshop in Syria dedicated to the assembly of UAVs designed to carry IEDs. The UK currently faces a problem whereby incarcerated criminals are being supplied contraband through their prison cell windows via UAVs. ■

suspicious activity. Chief Superintendent (Retired) Michael Cardash of Terrogence in an interesting article describes a recently emerging terrorist tactic whereby alleged pro-IS militants have been undertaking attacks wearing fake PBIEDs and brandishing fake fire arms. He states that this is done to encourage security forces to shoot the militants, thereby turning them into perceived Islamist martyrs in the eyes of their fellow terrorists. He describes such attacks in New York, Paris, the Chechen Republic, London, Brussels, Barcelona and Siberia demonstrating the global reach of such attacks during 2017. These attacks are designed to garner media attention, terrorise nearby civilians and potentially extend the duration of the attack as security forces will be concerned by the threat of PBIED detonation.

in Libya and, more latterly, Afghanistan in the running of the first United Nations humanitarian landmine clearance training programme – Operation Salam. The programme trained Afghan male refugees in landmine clearance techniques, and Afghan women and children in mine awareness and avoidance training. More recently he set up the Caribbean Search Centre in Kingston, Jamaica. The Centre is designed to train security forces across the Caribbean in modern search techniques. After retiring from the army he joined Cranfield University at Shrivenham, near Oxford, and undertook a research project on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence that examined ways to improve the sharing of IED threat information between the military and civilian organisations in hazardous areas.

16 COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2017/18

Rob Hyde-Bales biography During his career in the UK Royal Engineers, Rob Hyde-Bales was responsible for landmine clearance


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CALL FOR PAPERS COUNTER-IED REPORT

Counter-IED Report editorial team would like to invite government bodies, army personnel, researchers, industry experts to contribute their articles, case studies, white papers to the report. We are looking for both theoretical and practice based non-promotional editorial contributions. Spring/Summer 2018 edition deadlines: Abstract submission: 19 February 2018 Full article submission deadline: 30 March 2018 Autumn 2018 edition deadlines: Abstract submission: 16 July 2018 Full article submission deadline: 7 September 2018 Winter 2018/19 edition deadlines: Abstract submission: 9 November 2018 Full article submission deadline: 10 December 2018 All enquiries and articles should be submitted by email to: editorial@deltabusinessmedia.com

*Fees apply for publication of articles submitted by commercial and for-profit organisations. All articles are subject to editor’s approval.

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COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2017/18


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published by Delta Business Media Limited 3rd floor, 207 Regent Street, London, W1B 3HH, United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7193 2303 Fax: +44 (0) 20 3014 7659 info@deltabusinessmedia.com www.deltabusinessmedia.com

Counter-IED Report Winter 2017/18 - Preview Edition  

The Counter-IED Report is a specialist subscription-based publication, which serves as an information source to communicate the latest devel...

Counter-IED Report Winter 2017/18 - Preview Edition  

The Counter-IED Report is a specialist subscription-based publication, which serves as an information source to communicate the latest devel...

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