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ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

Counter-IED Report Winter 2014/15

THE CIED CAMPAIGN AFTER ISAF: A NATO PERSPECTIVE EOD FUTURE IN THE LIGHT OF THE NATO EOD DEMONSTRATIONS AND TRIALS 2014 REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS (RPAS) USED BY CIVIL EMERGENCY SERVICES AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON RESILIENCE MANUAL NEUTRALISATION TRAINING: PREPARING FOR THE WORST AN INTRODUCTION TO THE EFFECTS OF EXPLOSIONS AND BLAST INJURIES CLANDESTINE LABORATORIES: THE REAL BREAKING BAD C-IED TERMINOLOGY… THE TOWER OF BABEL RISES AGAIN!


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ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

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CONTENTS

CONTENTS

IFC ICOR TECHNOLOGY 5 ASELSAN A.Ş. 7 SARATOGA – BLÜCHER TECHNOLOGIES 7

TERRORISM STUDIES – UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS

8 FOREWORD 10 THE CIED CAMPAIGN AFTER ISAF: A NATO PERSPECTIVE

By Dr. Jamie Shea, Deputy Assistant Secretary General, Emerging Security Challenges Division, NATO HQ, Brussels

18 SCANNA MSC LTD 19 EOD FUTURE IN THE LIGHT OF THE NATO EOD DEMONSTRATIONS AND TRIALS 2014 By Colonel Ľubomír Mrváň, Director, Explosive Ordnance Disposal

Centre of Excellence, Slovakia

30 GLOSYS ELECTRONICS 31

REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS (RPAS) USED BY CIVIL EMERGENCY SERVICES AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON RESILIENCE

By Samuel Paunila, an advisor for ammunition technical operations at the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining

41 MINETECH INTERNATIONAL LTD 42 MANUAL NEUTRALISATION TRAINING: PREPARING FOR THE WORST By Francisco Cifuentes, Project Officer for C-IED at EDA 45 NCT EXPLOSIVE ASIA 2015 46 LEVERAGING TECHNOLOGY IN COUNTER IED OPERATIONS By Colonel (Retd.) H R Naidu Gade, Chief Consultant,

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CBRNe Secure India

COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2014/15


CONTENTS

CONTENTS

52 AN INTRODUCTION TO THE EFFECTS OF EXPLOSIONS AND BLAST INJURIES By José Ignacio Yenes Gallego, Maj – OF3 ESP (A), R & D Analyst, Defeat The Device Branch,

C-IED Centre of Excellence and Joaquín Martínez Valero, Maj – OF3 ESP (A), IED Effects Mitigation Analyst, Defeat The Device Branch, C-IED Centre of Excellence

60 2nd COUNTER IED TECHNOLOGY WORKSHOP 61 IMPROVING EXPLOSIVE BREACHING SAFETY THROUGH BLAST DOSIMETRY By Aris Makris, VP R&D, CTO and Jean-Philippe Dionne, Director, Research Engineering, Med-Eng 68 COUNTER TERROR EXPO 2015 69 IED SOLUTIONS A MAJOR COMPONENT OF COUNTER TERROR EXPO 2015 By David Thompson, Event Manager, Counter Terror Expo 72 EUROPOLTECH 2015 73 CLANDESTINE LABORATORIES: THE REAL BREAKING BAD By two anonymous operational IEDD operators, Defence Forces, Ireland 78 2nd ANNUAL CBRNe SUMMIT 2015 79 C-IED TERMINOLOGY… THE TOWER OF BABEL RISES AGAIN! By Lieutenant Colonel Jose M. Rufas, Allied Headquarters Joint Force Command Brunssum 85 BORDER MANAGEMENT & TECHNOLOGIES SUMMIT 2015 86 EVALUATING THE IED THREAT IN UKRAINE THROUGH THE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA By Simon Potter, Research Analyst for the Allen Vanguard Threat Intelligence Department 92 CYBER SECURITY REVIEW 93

ADVANCED ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE APPLIED TO HUMAN CHARACTER SIMULATION FOR INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE TRAINING

By Alex Broadbent, VT MÄK Cambridge, MA

99 MINE ACTION SEMINAR 2015 6

COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2014/15


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FOREWORD

FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report

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ovember this year marked the cessation of Coalition combat operations in Afghanistan, thus ending significant Western military involvement in the region that began in 2003 in Iraq. The Iraq War is still mired in controversy – particularly in the UK where it ranks as the most controversial war in living memory. This is evidenced by the fact that the Chilcot Enquiry that was set up in 2010 to examine the war and UK participation through both the political and military prisms, four years later at the time of writing, has yet to publish its findings. This is an unacceptable delay in a process which, inter alia, it was hoped would provide lessons for the future. Nearly twelve years after the war Iraq remains in a state of security melt down without a sign of any kind of peace being achieved across this benighted nation. The security situation in Afghanistan since the withdrawal of Coalition forces has deteriorated dramatically. The concern now is that the Taliban will consolidate their hold on increasingly large sectors of the country. Continuing rampant high level corruption is certain to be exploited by the Taliban. In Afghanistan and Iraq there are real concerns over the ability of the indigenous armed forces to cope in the absence of substantial external 8

COUNTER-IED REPORT, Winter 2014/15

military support. In both of these countries and others in the region and further afield, the IED continues to be used with deadly consequences by terrorists, insurgents and criminals. This Winter edition contains an eclectic mix of articles covering a broad cross section of items of interest to the Counter – IED community. Dr Aris Makris of Med-Eng in Ottawa outlines a most welcome innovation towards personal safety for those undertaking Explosive Forced Entry, also known as Explosive Breaching. In the past there was not a method to accurately measure the effects of Explosive Breaching on operators either in operations or training. With this in mind Med-Eng have developed and tested a wearable blast sensor dosimeter, the Blast Tracker TM. This dosimeter facilitates the accurate measurement of blasts on operators. The C-IED Centre of Excellence article on the Effects of Explosions and Blast Injuries provides a detailed analysis of the devastating effects of IEDs on the human body. It shows that the primary cause of preventable deaths from blast injuries both before and after admission to medical treatment facilities is due to haemorrhage, demonstrating the criticality for the rapid control of blood loss.


FOREWORD

Colonel (Retired) HR Naidu Gade of CBRNe Secure India in his article on C-IED technologies provides a compelling case for the necessity for security forces around the globe to pool resources, data and technologies in the constant challenge to combat an increasingly sophisticated usage by insurgents, terrorists and criminals of IEDs. The article from the European Defence Agency (EDA) on the need for Manual IED Neutralisation Training is a timely reminder that despite the broad range of technologies available to remotely neutralise IEDs, there will be occasions when manual neutralisation may have to be employed. Such training is now being undertaken under the auspices of the EDA in Austria. Lieutenant Colonel Jose Rufas of Allied HQ JFC Brunssum in his aptly titled article on C-IED Terminology and the Tower of Babel highlights the lack of standardisation in this area. He proposes a straightforward system of IED event characterisation coding that would appear to have much to recommend it for consideration in future NATO C-IED terminology standardisation deliberations. These and other excellent articles constitute this Winter edition of Counter-IED Report. â–

Rob Hyde-Bales biography

During his career in the UK Royal Engineers, Rob Hyde-Bales was responsible for landmine clearance in Libya and, more latterly, Afghanistan in the running of the first United Nations humanitarian landmine clearance training programme – Operation Salam. The programme trained Afghan male refugees in landmine clearance techniques, and Afghan women and children in mine awareness and avoidance training. More recently he set up the Caribbean Search Centre in Kingston, Jamaica. The Centre is designed to train security forces across the Caribbean in modern search techniques. After retiring from the army he joined Cranfield University at Shrivenham, near Oxford, and undertook a research project on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence that examined ways to improve the sharing of IED threat information between the military and civilian organisations in hazardous areas. counteriedreport.com

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Counter-IED Report Winter 2014/15 - extract edition  
Counter-IED Report Winter 2014/15 - extract edition  

The Counter-IED Report is a specialist subscription-based publication, which serves as an information source to communicate the latest devel...