Page 1

ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

Counter-IED Report Spring/Summer 2017

MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO PEACE SUPPORT AND HUMANITARIAN RELIEF OPERATIONS HUMANITARIAN MINE ACTION INVOLVEMENT IN IED DISPOSAL IMPROVISED AIR-DELIVERED MUNITIONS IN SYRIA & IRAQ: A BRIEF OVERVIEW THE BEAR AND THE BOMB: AN OVERVIEW ABOUT RUSSIAN COUNTER-IED MEANS FEMALES’ CONTRIBUTION IN COUNTERING IEDs IEDs: ‘DEFEAT THE DEVICE’ – THROUGH INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IRISH DEFENCE FORCES – 7th COUNTER-IED INSTRUCTOR COURSE ARE IEDs WITH TOXIC CHEMICALS REDEFINING METHODS OF CHEMICAL WARFARE?


Behind every successful mission, there’s a TALON®

TALON’s legacy continues with its 5th generation of field and combat-proven technology for IED, EOD, CBRN, Hazmat and security and rescue missions. www.QinetiQ-NA/TALON Robots@QinetiQ-NA.com


REPORT CONTRIBUTORS

MEDIA PARTNERS

DSEI - WORLD’s LEADING DEFENCE AND SECURITY EXHIBITION

Counter-IED Report Published by Delta Business Media Limited 3rd floor, 207 Regent Street London, W1B 3HH United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7193 2303 Fax: +44 (0) 20 3014 7659 info@deltabusinessmedia.com www.deltabusinessmedia.com www.counteriedreport.com

ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

The opinions and views expressed in the editorial content in this report are those of the authors alone and do not necessarily represent the views of any organisation with which they may be associated. Material in advertisements and promotional features may be considered to represent the views of the advertisers and promoters. The views and opinions expressed in this report do not necessarily express the views of the publisher. While every care has been taken in the preparation of the report, the publisher is not responsible for such opinions and views or for any inaccuracies in the articles. Š 2017. The entire contents of this publication are protected by copyright. Full details are available from the publisher. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner.

counteriedreport.com

3


TaCTICAL FRONT LINE DETECTION Landmines, UXO, IEDs and deeply-buried caches... global issues addressed by world-class experts The RECON-PRO® is versatile, highly rugged, waterproof and is operational to 3 meters depth. It is very simple to ground balance and offers excellent sensitivity to small targets in difficult ground conditions.

• Optimum Detection Sensitivity in all Soil Conditions • Advanced Pulse Induction Technology (96 Frequencies) • Advanced RFI Noise Elimination • Easy and Precise Target Pinpointing • Compact and Rugged Design

® Made In USA

garrett.com Tel: 1.972.494.6151 800-234-6151


! w e N Garrett CSI

Pro-Pointer® AT

PN: 1140920

• Pinpoint evidence quickly with patented proportional audio/vibrate alarm or choose Stealth Mode (vibrate only). • Fully waterproof to 10 feet. • Includes holster and built-in LED flashlight. • Fast Retune—Quick press instantly tunes out environment or narrows detection field for precise pinpointing of large targets.

Recon-Pro’s telescoping shaft adjusts for scanning in kneeling or prone positions. Searchcoil can also be quickly rotated into other orientations to scan walls or embankments.

MAXIMUM SENSITIVITY for detection of small buried targets or to scan suspicious packages for forbidden devices. Choose from three Sensitivity levels.


CONTENTS

IFC QINETIQ NORTH AMERICA 4 - 5 GARRETT METAL DETECTORS 7

ICOR TECHNOLOGY

9

DSA DETECTION

11

HARRIS CORPORATION

12

QSA GLOBAL, INC.

13

FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report

15

NOVO DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY

16

BBI DETECTION

16

PRIMETECH - A DIVISION OF FAE GROUP S.P.A.

17

MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO PEACE SUPPORT AND HUMANITARIAN RELIEF OPERATIONS By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report

23

SCHONSTEDT INSTRUMENT COMPANY

6

COUNTER-IED REPORT, Spring/Summer 2017


CONTENTS

CONTENTS

24

HUMANITARIAN MINE ACTION INVOLVEMENT IN IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE DISPOSAL By Andy Grantham and Samuel Paunila, Advisors for Ammunition Operations at the GICHD

30

ISDEF EXPO 2017

31

IMPROVISED AIR-DELIVERED MUNITIONS IN SYRIA & IRAQ: A BRIEF OVERVIEW By Kenton Fulmer and N.R. Jenzen-Jones, Armament Research Services (ARES)

41

TECHNOLOGY EMBRACES EXPERTISE: RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES FROM THE COUNTER-IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICES CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE (C-IED COE) By Lieutenant Colonel Jose M Rufas, Head of the Defeat the Device Branch, C-IED Centre of Excellence

45

3rd C-IED TECHNOLOGY WORKSHOP

46

DSEI 2017 - WORLD’s LEADING DEFENCE AND SECURITY EXHIBITION

47

SCREENING ELECTRONIC ITEMS By John Howell, Director of Explosives Technology at DSA Detection

54

MILIPOL PARIS 2017

55

THE BEAR AND THE BOMB: AN OVERVIEW ABOUT RUSSIAN COUNTER-IED MEANS By Lieutenant Colonel Jose M Rufas, Head of the Defeat the Device Branch, C-IED Centre of Excellence

62

UK SECURITY EXPO 2017

8

COUNTER-IED REPORT, Spring/Summer 2017


CONTENTS

CONTENTS

63

FEMALES’ CONTRIBUTION IN COUNTERING IEDs By Zsuzsanna Balogh, PhD, Senior C-IED staff officer, NATO HQ SACT

70

NCT USA 2017

71

IEDs: ‘DEFEAT THE DEVICE’ – THROUGH INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY By Colonel H R Naidu Gade, Indian Army Veteran

77

IRISH DEFENCE FORCES – 7th COUNTER-IED INSTRUCTOR COURSE By Lt Brian Clarke, BA, LLM. and 2/Lt John Nevin

81

ISDEF EXPO 2017

82

BIDEC – BAHRAIN INTERNATIONAL DEFENCE EXHIBITION & CONFERENCE

83

“JEWELRY BOX” RC VBIEDs NEUTRALIZED IN ADEN, YEMEN By Chief Superintendent (ret.) Michael Cardash

88

CBRNe SUMMIT ASIA 2017 & CBRNe SUMMIT EUROPE 2018

89

ARE IEDs WITH TOXIC CHEMICALS REDEFINING METHODS OF CHEMICAL WARFARE? By Prashant Yajnik, Integrated Chemicals and Compliance Management Consultant

94

DEFENSE & SECURITY 2017

95

EXPODEFENSA 2017, THE LEADING HUB FOR DEFENSE AND SECURITY IN LATIN AMERICA

OBC SCANNA MSC LTD 10 COUNTER-IED REPORT, Spring/Summer 2017


GOING INTO HARM’S WAY SO YOU DON’T HAVE TO The T7 Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) System executes a wide variety of operations — keeping your team out of harm’s way. The T7’s intuitive control and human-like dexterity make it easy to complete complex tasks with minimal training time. Even in the harshest, most austere environments, you can count on this rugged and highly reliable robotic solution to deliver uncompromised performance. And with the ability to be rapidly reconfigured, the T7 evolves with your changing mission requirements. Our promise is simple: to connect, inform and protect.

harris.com/robotics | #harriscorp


OpenVisionTM

Hand-Held, Robot Deployed X-Ray OpenVisionTM live video x-ray system achieves real-time inspection and investigation of unattended and suspicious items. Light weight and flexible enabling mission specific configurations. OpenVisionTM is deployable in under two minutes. Increase operator safety and standoff distance by sending OpenVisionTM down range on a robot.

When seconds count, see clearly with OpenVisionTM • Suspicious item inspection • Robot deployability • Event entry management • Drug enforcement • Checkpoint security

QSA Global, Inc. | Phone: +1 225 751 5893 | Toll Free: 1 800 225 1383 | Fax: +1 225 751 8082 | www.QSA-Global.com AD-020


FOREWORD

FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report

F

rom the perspective of global security, the first quarter of 2017 has proved to be arguably less predictable than the latter part of 2016. A major factor has been the change of Administration in the United States. The first individual to be made acutely aware of the changed situation was President Bashar alAssad of Syria. In the early hours of Friday 7 April, the US launched 59 Tomahawk missiles from warships USS Ross and USS Porter in response to a Syrian air attack using chemical munitions on the rebel-held town of Khan Sheikhoun on 4 April. The US missile strikes targeted the Syrian Shayrat airbase near Homs – the base from where the US stated that the Syrian chemical – assessed to be Sarin – attacks had been launched. The West supported this action by the US. This was in stark contrast to 2013 when the US and its allies did not actively respond to an earlier Assad chemical attack. One of the consequences of the US missile strikes has been a cooling of relations between Moscow and Washington. Syria’s main backers remain Iran, Russia and Hezbollah. On the ground in Syria conflict continues around the cities of Aleppo and Raqqa with disastrous humanitarian consequences. In Iraq the long running operation by the Iraqi forces supported by Coalition airstrikes to clear Islamic State fighters from Mosul continues. The operation began in October 2016 and demonstrates the military challenges associated with this kind of urban warfare where ISIS continues to utilise IEDs in both defensive and offensive modes. Abundance of military grade explosives combined with proliferation of bomb-making expertise on the ground led to increased, often with devastating results, use of

SVBIEDs by ISIS, AQ and other militant groups. This provides a particularly challenging task which needs to be addressed by local security forces and Western allies. As in Aleppo and Raqqa, the civilian population of Mosul is sustaining very high casualties. In Afghanistan the Taliban have proclaimed the beginning of their Spring Offensive with a large scale assault on security forces in the city of Mazar-i-Sharif. It is estimated that up to 150 soldiers may have been killed in this assault. This was one of the largest attacks since the start of Western intervention in 2001. Currently the Taliban occupy about one third of Afghanistan – a situation not foreseen when NATO concluded offensive operations in 2014. The long standing dysfunctional chaos and conflict in Libya continue to result in thousands of migrants attempting to enter southern Europe via the Mediterranean. The improving weather at this time of year will serve to exacerbate this dire situation. In her thought provoking article, Lt Col Zsuzsanna Balogh of NATO HQ SACT outlines how females can contribute to the Counter-IED campaign. She juxtaposes the situation whereby the terrorist organisations ISIS and Boko Haram continue to coerce young women and girls as suicide bombers, with ways in which she assesses that women can actively assist in the CounterIED campaign. She points out that in this respect women have advantages derived both from their roles in society and their natural feminine attributes. Among these are their ability to gather and process information and their powers of observation. Females have been actively participating in Humanitarian Mine Action by demining for the past 20 years. counteriedreport.com

13


FOREWORD

In a most interesting article, Lt Col Jose M Rufas of the NATO C-IED Centre of Excellence in Madrid comprehensively describes Russian demining, EOD and IED clearance operations in Syria. He gives details of a broad range of modern and ostensibly impressive Russian equipment that is effectively being trialled in the Syrian theatre of operations. During the Cold War the Soviet Armed Forces possessed a broad array of impressive armoured mine clearance equipment, designed to clear NATO defensive landmine belts. Russia is clearly determined to continue this tradition in the fields of demining, EOD and IED clearance. In their detailed and informative article, Kenton Fulmer and N.R. Jenzen–Jones of Armament Research Services outline the ever increasing growth in the use of air- delivered munitions in the Syrian Civil War. They describe devastating attacks by the Syrian Arab Air Force using the iniquitous “barrel bomb”, which have also included the use of chemical components – normally chlorine. A worrying innovation in this war has been the development and rapid expansion in the use of air-delivered improvised munitions and modified conventional ordnance deployed from commercial off-the shelf (COTS) small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) by ISIS and other non-state and state groups. ISIS has a UAV “school” where multi-rotor UAVs are assembled and modified and operators trained. Lt Brian Clarke and 2nd Lt John Nevin in their topical article describe the Irish Defence Forces’ very successful 7th Counter-IED Instructor Course run at their Ordnance School in Kildare, Ireland. They detail the historical IED threat that was faced by the Irish Defence and Security Forces during the so-called “Troubles” in Northern Ireland and also the more recent IED threat faced both during UN deployments and with ISAF in Afghanistan. In an excellent innovation, since 2012 all officers commissioned into the Irish Defence Forces attend this three week long course. This should prove an excellent counter to the ubiquitous problem faced by armed forces with C-IED skill fade after the cessation of combat operations – more militaries should consider such an innovation. 14 COUNTER-IED REPORT, Spring/Summer 2017

Given the current discussions about the involvement of Humanitarian Organisations in IED Disposal (IEDD), the article on this topic by Mr Andy Grantham and Mr Samuel Paunila of GICHD is most welcome. They examine the issue of Humanitarian Mine Action (HMA) in IEDD as HMA organisations are increasingly involved in IEDD, which is often viewed as part of the critically important Land Release process. They emphasise, however, that there are fundamental differences between IEDD and HMA EOD, critically the constantly evolving threat from the IED. This risk must be well understood as IEDD operations present greater uncertainty and require different mitigation strategies and more demanding response capabilities. HMA should avoid certain activities within IEDD. They assess that there is uncertainty among authorities and donors about much of the humanitarian IEDD currently being undertaken. These and other excellent articles constitute this edition of Counter-IED Report. ■

Rob Hyde-Bales biography During his career in the UK Royal Engineers, Rob Hyde-Bales was responsible for landmine clearance in Libya and, more latterly, Afghanistan in the running of the first United Nations humanitarian landmine clearance training programme – Operation Salam. The programme trained Afghan male refugees in landmine clearance techniques, and Afghan women and children in mine awareness and avoidance training. More recently he set up the Caribbean Search Centre in Kingston, Jamaica. The Centre is designed to train security forces across the Caribbean in modern search techniques. After retiring from the army he joined Cranfield University at Shrivenham, near Oxford, and undertook a research project on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence that examined ways to improve the sharing of IED threat information between the military and civilian organisations in hazardous areas.


The Leading Solution for Security Applications! 1

GENIE

Genie Enhanced Image with a simple touch of a button

One Pulse

HDR

View Easy & Hard to Penetrate Materials with HDR

One Pulse Image

System Highlights OFF

ON

• Drop Tested Detectors • MIL-DTL 38999 Connectors • 16 Hours of Operation • 16 Bit Latest Generation • User Friendly Native Touch Software • Unmatched Variety of Accessories

Folding Slider

NOVO DR Ltd. | www.NOVO-DR.com | info@NOVO-DR.com

INNOVATIVE • COMPACT • RUGGED

Contract # GS-07F-163DA


MEET US AT: IAFC Hazmat: 15th -18th June 2017, Baltimore, USA.

NEW S2 DETK AND LETK. THE POWER OF SIMPLICITY.

NCT Europe: 27th - 29th June 2017, Sonthofen, Germany.

LETK (Liquid Explosive Test kit) LETK is an ECAC certified colorimetric-based test kit for detecting liquid explosive threats found in liquids, aerosols, gels and creams.

DETK (Dry Explosive Test Kit)

Both DETK and LETK offer: n Wide range of explosive threat detection n Rapid results n Low training burden n No power requirements n Kits contain no glass vials or hazardous liquids

DETK is a single use colorimetric-based test kit for the presumptive identification of military grade explosives and precursors used in the manufacture of improvised explosives.

Contact: info@bbidetection.com Go to: www.bbidetection.com

BBI DETECTION LISTENS, INNOVATES, DELIVERS AND PROTECTS

BBI_S2_LETK_DEKT_88x140 CIR Ad.indd 1

09/12/2016 14:05

CALL FOR PAPERS

COUNTER-IED REPORT Autumn 2017 and Winter 2017/18 editions

Publication:

Counter IED Report

Job Number:

4520

by:invite Counter-IED Report editorial teamSigned-off would like to

nsert Date:

5th April 2017

File Name:

government bodies, army researchers, industry BBI_S2_LETK_DEKT_88x140 CIR Adpersonnel, Date:

Copy Date:

05-04-17

Proof Stage:

1

experts to contribute their articles, case studies, white papers to the report.

Size:

88 mm x 140 mm

Proof Date:

05-04-17

We are looking for both theoretical and practice based non-promotional editorial contributions.

If any problems arise concerning this document, please contact Oyster on 01582 761212 or email enquiries@oysterstudios.com

Autumn 2017 edition deadlines: Abstract submission: 17 July 2017 Full article submission deadline: 4 September 2017 Winter 2017/18 edition deadlines: Abstract submission: 1 November 2017 Full article submission deadline: 8 December 2017 All enquiries and articles should be submitted by email to: editorial@deltabusinessmedia.com *Fees apply for publication of articles submitted by commercial and for-profit organisations. All articles are subject to editor’s approval.

16 COUNTER-IED REPORT, Spring/Summer 2017


www.scanna-msc.com info@scanna-msc.com Call: +44 207 355 3555

SEE EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO SEE WITH SCANNA X-RAY SYSTEMS

High resolution x-ray images on companion laptop or tablet to resolve or escalate a situation in less than a minute.

Place It, Scan It, View It, Report It

Job Done ScanX Scout High Definition (CR) Portable X-ray system with thin droppable x-ray plates lets you x-ray almost anything, anywhere, anytime.

Scanwedge, lightweight, highly rugged, CCD (DR) at panel x-ray for rapid response IEDD/EOD tasks. All processing contained in the imaging panel - no interface box needed.

Scansilc-EOD range - Highly rugged flat panel x-ray systems. Almost instant x-ray imaging with organic/inorganic material discrimination. Drop and water resistant and no bulky interface box.


To receive a full PDF version of the Counter-IED Report, please complete the online form. Please provide a valid corporate, government or academic email address. We reserve the right to refuse to accept any application at our discretion. If you have any questions please email to: editorial@deltabusinessmedia.com

REQUEST YOUR COPY OF THE COUNTER-IED REPORT

www.counteriedreport.com Unique content │ Global reach │ In print and online

Counter-IED Report

published by Delta Business Media Limited 3rd floor, 207 Regent Street, London, W1B 3HH, United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7193 2303 Fax: +44 (0) 20 3014 7659 info@deltabusinessmedia.com www.deltabusinessmedia.com

Counter-IED Report Spring-Summer 2017- Preview Edition  

The Counter-IED Report is a specialist subscription-based publication, which serves as an information source to communicate the latest devel...