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o"kZ&þ la;qDrkad ø&ù

tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

iqLrdky; çxfr

fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh dh x`g if=dk


iqLrdky; çxfr& fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh dh x`g if=dk laj{kd Jh ,p-vkj- ehuk ofj"B iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vf/kdkjh@mifuns'kd ¼ç'kk-½] fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh laiknd

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Jh ch-,y- ehuk iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vfèkdkjh nwjHkk"k% 011&23958747¼O½ 9871738960¼R½

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laiknd eaMy

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Jh vkj-ds- ehuk iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vf/kdkjh Jherh lq/kk lDlsuk lgk;d funs'kd ¼jk-Hkk-½ Jherh tle¨gu d©j lgk;d iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vfèkdkjh Jh vfuy dqekj fganh vuqoknd i= O;ogkj dk irk laiknd] iqLrdky; çxfr fganh d{k] fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh ,l-ih- eq[kthZ ekxZ] fnYyh - 110006 Ã-esy% dpl.hindicell@gmail.com eqnzd% jsDeks çsl çk- fylh-59] vks[kyk baMfLVª;y ,fj;k] Qst-1] ubZ fnYyh - 110020 Ã-esy% rakmopress06@gmail.com

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fo"k; lwph lans'k & v/;{k] fnYyh ykbczsjh c¨MZ lans'k & ofj"B iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vfèkdkjh ,oa mi funs'kd ¼ç'kk-½ fn-i-yk laiknd dh dye ls iqLrdky;¨a esa lalk/ku¨a dh lgHkkfxrk & vjfoan dqekj] lgk;d iqLrdk/;{k] uo ukyank egkfogkj iqLrdky; vkSj lekt & rkfgj Hkaoj jktLFkku ds lkoZtfud iqLrdky; & iou dqekj ikfjd] iqLrdk/;{k] Mk- jkèkkÑ".ku~] jkT; dsanzh; iqLrdky; l¨p ¼fgr ;k vfgr½ & lanhi dqekj ikBd Never Accept Failure – Sakshi My Pen is My Harp – Divyank My Library – Divyank

oDr&oDr dh ckr gS & jke lqjs'k oekZ ^Hk`R;*] ftyk xzaFkky;] jk;iqj J)katfy & 17% 17& iwtk gleq[k Hkkà ijekj fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh& jktHkk"kk xfrfofèk;k¡& fganh d{k gekjh csfV;k¡ ¼dfork½ & t;çdk'k ekFkqj] iqLrdky; lwpuk lgk;d vdsyk ¼dfork½ & Hkwisanz flag l¨uw] tkfdj gqlSu dkyst lqfopkj & egs'k dqekj vj¨M+k] l-iq-,oa lw- vf/kdkjh Xkzh"e vodk'k ds jax] cPps ykbczsjh ds lax & mÆeyk j©rsyk] iqLrdky; lwpuk lgk;d /kweèkke ls euk;k x;k ckck lkgsc dk tUefnu & jktsanz dqekj] dsanzh; iqLrdky; J)katfy & ckck lkgsc Hkhejko vacsMdj MATHS & fclfeYyk felc volj & fclfeYyk felc liZo`fr & jsuw ;kno esjs uSuk & jktsanz flag] czsy foHkkx] fn-i-ykjktHkk"kk fp=koyh

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dsoy fu%'kqYd forj.k ds fy, if=dk esa çdkf'kr ys[k¨a esa O;Dr fopkj vkSj n`f"Vd¨.k lacaf/kr ys[kd ds gSa] mlesa ykbczsjh ;k laiknd eaMy dk lger g¨uk vko';d ugha gS vkSj u gh os mlds fy, ftEesnkj gSaA


lans'k f'k{kk dk ;FkkFkZ ls ukrk gS vkSj iqLrd dk ikBd lsA iqLrdsa gesa foKku] laLd`fr] èkeZ] lkfgR;] Hkk"kk vkfn dh KkuoèkZd tkudkjh çnku djrh gSaA blfy, iqLrd¨a dk gekjs thou esa vewY; ;¨xnku gSA fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh Hkh ikBd¨a d¨ fu%'kqYd iqLrd lsok çnku dj tuekul ds thou esa egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkk jgh gSA ;g ykbczsjh ikBd¨a d¨ iBu&lkexzh gh ugha miyCèk djkrh vfirq O;fDrxr vfHk:fp d¨ mHkkjus rFkk mudh çfrHkk d¨ fu[kkjus ds fy, okÆ"kd çfr;¨fxrk,a Hkh vk;¨ftr dj mUgsa oSpkfjd eap çnku dj jgh gSA tuekul d¨ iBu&ikBu ls t¨M+us ds vykok ykbczsjh us xzh"ekodk'k ds n©jku cPp¨a ds fy, LV¨jh Vsfyax] fQYe 'k¨] lkbal odZ'kki] FkEc isafVax vkfn odZ'kki dk vk;¨tu dj cPp¨a ds eu¨jatu ds lkFk&lkFk l`tukRed ,oa ldkjkRed l¨p dk okrkoj.k cuk;k ftlls cPps mRlkg ,oa meax ls ljkc¨j g¨ x,A orZeku le; esa lwpuk ç¨n~;¨fxdh] Vh-oh- baVjusV ,oa nwljs ekè;e¨a dk c[kwch mi;¨x fd;k tk jgk gS fQj Hkh os thou esa iqLrd¨a dk LFkku ugha ys ldrsA ikBd¨a ds thou ds lok±xh.k fodkl ds fy, iqLrd¨a dh viuh vyx egRrk gSA iqLrd¨a dk mÌs'; gS Kku vtZu ,oa fuLokFkZ vkuanA ;g ykbczsjh ^^iqLrdsa lcds fy,** blh ewy èkkj.kk ,oa ladYiuk dk fuokZg djrs gq, ikBd¨a d¨ baVjusV] iBu&ikBu] okpuky; vkfn vusd lqfoèkk,a miyCèk djk jgh gSaA ykbczsjh }kjk ^^iqLrdky; çxfr** dk çdk'ku Hkh ikBd¨a d¨ viuh xfrfofèk;¨a ls t¨M+us dk vPNk ekè;e gSA if=dk dk ;g vad foyac ls vkids ikl igq¡p jgk gS fdarq vk'kk gS fd if=dk Hkfo"; esa vius uke ds vuq:i vuojr çxfr dh vksj vxzlj jgsA çLrqr vad esa çdkf'kr jpuk,a vki lc d¨ ilan vk,axh vkSj dkeuk gS fd vki lHkh vius fopkj¨a ls gesa viuk Lusfgy lkFk nsaxsaA ch-,l- ckloku vè;{k] fn-yk-c¨-

1


lans'k cpiu ls i<+rs vk, gSa fd thou esa lcls dherh èku gS r¨ fon~;kA fon~;k ds vHkko ls lq[k lqfoèkkvksa rFkk èku èkkU; ls laiUu O;fDr Hkh fujk ew<+ gS rFkk i'kqrqY; gSA ogha fon~;k èku ls laiUu O;fDr ges'kk vxz.kh;] Js"B ,oa lEeku dk ik= g¨rk gSA xq: dh efgek d¨ ysdj vc rd t¨ dqN Hkh dgk x;k gS mldk vkèkkj fon~;k ;k Kku dk çlkj gh gSA egku lar dchj th us r¨ xq: d¨ Hkxoku ls Hkh Åapk ntkZ fn;k gS rFkk dgk gS & xq: x¨foan n¨m [kM+s] dkds ykxwa ik¡;A cfygkjh xq: vkiuks x¨foan fn;¨ feyk;AA

bl çdkj Kku ds çlkj ds cy gh xq: d¨ Hkxoku ls Hkh Åapk ntkZ çkIr gSA

iqLrdky; dh ckr djsa r¨ bldh uhao fon~;k ds i;kZ; iqLrd¨a ij gh fVdh gSA bldh egRrk ,oa mikns;rk Lo;a fl) gS rFkk blesa d¨Ã 'kd ;k 'kqcgk ugha g¨uk pkfg,A ;n~;fi vkt baVjusV rFkk Qsl cqd ds ç;¨x us lewps fo'o d¨ fMftVykbTM dj fn;k gS fdarq fQj Hkh VSDlV cqd dh egRrk derj fcYdqy Hkh ugha vkadh tk ldrhA fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh dh ckr djsa r¨ vkt fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh vius ijaijkxr mÌs'; ls cgqr vkxs vk xà gSA iqLrd ifjpkyu ds vfrfjDr ,d vksj vius ikBd¨a d¨ baVjusV dh fu%'kqYd lsok çnku dj jgh gS ogha lkaLd`frd eap miyCèk djkdj mUgsa vkil esa t¨M+s gq, gSA muesa lejlrk ,oa lkekftdrk vadqfjr ,oa iYyfor dj jgh gSA ;gh otg gS fd fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh jk"Vªh; jktèkkuh {ks= fnYyh ds ikBd¨a ds eu esa ,d [kkl LFkku cuk, gq, gS t¨ mRrj¨rj vkSj vfèkd çxk<+ g¨rk tk jgk gSA iqLrdky; çxfr ds bl vad ds ekè;e ls vki lHkh ls laokn djrs gq, eq>s cM+h çlérk g¨ jgh gSA if=dk ds ekè;e ls eSa mu lHkh ltx caèkqvksa d¨ lkèkqokn ,oa cèkkà nsrk gw¡ ftuds ys[k bl vad esa çdkf'kr gq, gSaA if=dk ds dysoj d¨ jktHkk"kk fu;e¨a ds vuqlkj rS;kj djus gsrq eSa fganh d{k dh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk dh Hkh ljkguk djrk gw¡A lHkh lqfèk ikBd¨a ds lq[kn Hkfo"; dh dkeuk ds lkFkA

'kqHksPNq] ,p-vkj- ehuk ofj"B iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vfèkdkjh@ la;qDr funs'kd

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laiknd dh dye ls-- orZeku le; esa lkfgR; dh rjQ >qdko de gqvk gS rFkk baVjusV] Vh-oh- dh rjQ vfèkd] bldk eq[; dkj.k ge lHkh d¨ tkrk gSA vkt gekjs cPps dà dkVZwu¨a d¨ [ksyus esa fo'ks"k :fp fn[kkrs gSa tgk¡ ekjèkkM+ ds vykok dqN ugha cpk jg x;k gS] ogha nwljh vksj vfHkHkkod cPp¨a d¨ iapra= dh dgkfu;k¡ ;k vU; lkfgfR;d jpuk,a i<+us ds fy, nsus dh bPNk ugha j[krsA ;g lgh ugha gS D;¨afd euq"; ds fy, Hkhrj dh laosnuk d¨ thfor j[kuk vfr vko';d gS vkSj ;s laosnuk,a gekjs mRd`"V lkfgR; esa Hkjiwj miyCèk gSaA tSls ekrk&firk ;k cM+¨a dk vknj djuk gekjs laLdkj gSa oSls gh viuh èkj¨gj ds lkfgR; ls :c: djuk gekjk drZO; gSA lkfgR; ds ekè;e ls gh ge thou ds {kh.k g¨ pqds ewY;¨a d¨ iqu% LFkkfir dj ldrs gSaA vr% blh lkfgfR;d èkj¨gj ls :c: djus ds fy, iqLrdky; ds njokts vkids fy, ges'kk [kqys gq, gSaA vkb,! fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh esa vkidk Lokxr gSA iqLrdky; çxfr if=dk dk vad ,d ckj fQj ikBd¨a ds le{k çLrqr gSA gekjs fopkj¨a ,oa vuqHko¨a d¨ lk>k djus dk ;g if=dk ,d jpukRed ekè;e gSA bl if=dk ds }kjk ge viuh foHkkxh; xfrfofèk;¨a d¨ Hkh vkids lEeq[k çLrqr djrs gSaA çR;sd u, vad esa gekjk ;g ç;kl jgrk gS fd gekjs T;knk ls T;knk ikBd@lkFkh blds ekè;e ls gels tqM+s ,oa viuh jpukRed çfrHkk dk çn'kZu bl if=dk ds ekè;e ls djsaA çLrqr vad esa geus dà cky dgkfu;¨a d¨ egRo fn;k gS rkfd muesa Hkfo"; esa ys[ku ds çfr vkd"kZ.k iSnk g¨A lkFk gh dà vU; jkT;¨a ls çkIr iqLrdky; dÆe;¨a ds fopkj¨a d¨ Hkh 'kkfey fd;k gS rkfd muls gesa Hkfo"; esa çsj.kk fey ldsA

ch-,y- ehuk laiknd

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iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

iqLrdky;¨a esa lalkèku¨a dh lgHkkfxrk orZeku le; esa fo'o esa rduhdh fodkl esa dkQh rhozrk vkà gSA eqnz.k dyk ds vkfo"dkj ds dkj.k lkfgR; bruh 'kh?kzrk ls çdkf'kr g¨ jgk gS] ifj.kkeLo:i Kku dk foLQ¨V g¨us yxkA çdk'ku ds {ks= esa uÃ&uà rduhd rFkk daI;wVj ds lfEefyr g¨us ls iqLrd¨a rFkk vU; çdkj ds çys[k¨a ds çdk'ku esa bruh rhoz xfr vkà fd orZeku le; esa lkfgR; bruh 'kh?kzrk ls çdkf'kr g¨ jgk gS fd fdlh Hkh iqLrdky; ds fy, laHko ugha gS fd og lHkh çdkf'kr lkfgR; d¨ iqLrdky; esa laxzfgr dj ldsA çdk'ku dh bl ck<+ us lalkj ds cM+s ls cM+s iqLrdky; ds le{k ,slh vkfFkZd dfBukà [kM+h dj nh gS fd vkt lalkj dk d¨Ã Hkh iqLrdky; ;g ugha dg ldrk gS fd mlds ikl iqLrd¨a rFkk iqLrdky; lsokvksa ds fy, i;kZIr èku gSA iqLrdky; lg;¨x dh lgk;rk ls de ls de èku esa T;knk ls T;knk iqLrdky; lsok,a çnku dh tk ldrh gSaA

bu mÌs';¨a d¨ iwjk djrs le; ;g Hkh n`f"Ver esa j[kuk pkfg, fd iqLrdky;¨a ds oS;fDrd y{;¨a d¨ d¨Ã gkfu u igq¡psA” lg;¨x dh Hkkouk us iqLrdky;¨a dh lsokvksa d¨ lqn`<+ fd;k rFkk iqLrdky;¨a esa xzaFk laxzg d¨ vfèkd mi;qDr cuk;kA iqLrdky; ds lalkèku¨a ds fodkl esa blls dkQh lgk;rk feyhA iqLrdky; t¨ vyx&vyx Fks] lHkh ,d lw= esa caèkus yxs rFkk iqLrdky; lwpukvksa dk dsanz cu x;kA vesfjdk esa QkjfeaxVu Iyku] lsaVj QkWj fjlpZ ykbczsjht] f'kdkax¨] QkbZo ,l¨f'k,fVM fo'ofon~;ky; iqLrdky; rFkk vusd¨a ,slh gh ;¨tukvksa esa lg;¨fxd vfèkxzg.k ds }kjk iqLrdky;¨a esa lg;¨x dh Hkkouk d¨ c<+kok fn;kA blh çdkj baXySaM rFkk LdsfUMfu;u ns'k¨a esa vusd lg;¨fxd ;¨tukvksa ij dk;Z fd;k rFkk ;g çnÆ'kr dj fn;k gS fd iqLrdky;¨a ds dk;Z{ks= esa lg;¨x d¨ viuk dj og ikBd¨a dh vfèkdre lsok dj ldsA

Encyclopedia of Library and Information

Science

us iqLrdky; lgHkkfxrk ij iqLrdky; mÌs'; lg;¨x d¨ bl çdkj ifjHkkf"kr fd;k gS &

(Objective)

^^iqLrdky; lg;¨x ,d ,slk dk;ZØe gS ftlesa iqLrdky; lg;¨x rFkk lalkèku¨a dh Hkkxhnkjh muds iqLrdky; vius dk;¨± d¨ lk>snkjh esa pykrs dk mÌs'; gS fd iqLrdky; esa miyCèk lkefxz;¨a gSaA bl lgHkkfxrk ds y{; gSa & dk vU; iqLrdky;¨a ds ikBd¨a rFkk 'k¨èkkÆFk;¨a dh vko';drk d¨ lg;¨x ds }kjk iwÆr djuk] vxj v½ lHkh iqLrdky;¨a esa miyCèk lkexzh rFkk fdlh iqLrdky; esa ikBd }kjk ekaxh xà ikB~; lsokvksa ls ,d nwljs ds ikBd¨a d¨ ykHk lkexzh miyCèk ugha gS] r¨ nwljs iqLrdky; ls ikB~; igq¡pkukA lkexzh miyCèk djkdj lsok çnku djuk gSA bl c½ de [kpZ es a mRre ls o k] vfèkd ls o k çdkj ,d nwljs dk lg;¨x djuk gh iqLrdky; miyCèk djkrs gq, ctV dk lnqi;¨x lg;¨x dk mÌs'; gSA djukA 4


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

lalkèku lgHkkfxrk dh egRrk

iqLrdky; lg;¨x rFkk lalkèku¨a dh Hkkxhnkjh dh egRrk orZeku le; esa vkSj Hkh c<+ xà gS D;¨afd 20oha 'krkCnh ds eè; ls u, çdk'ku¨a esa cM+h rsth vkà gS] çdk'ku dh nj çR;sd vkB ;k nl o"kZ ij nqxquh g¨ tkrh gSA bl ifjfLFkfr es]a tcfd çdk'ku¨a dh la[;k vfèkd gS rFkk iqLrdky; ds ikl mruk èku ugha gS fd og lHkh çdk'ku¨a d¨ iqLrdky; ds fy, [kjhn lds] iqLrdky; lg;¨x ds ekè;e ls gh ikBd¨a dh ekax¨a dh iwÆr dh tk ldrh gSA iq L rdky; la l kèku lgHkkfxrk fuEuka f dr dkj.k¨a ls egRoiw.kZ gS&

1- orZeku le; esa iqLrdky; esa ikBd fofHké çdkj ds g¨rs gSa rFkk mudh vko';drk Hkh vyx&vyx g¨rh gSA vr% ikBd¨a dh ekax ;k vko';drk d¨ iwjk djus gsrq iqLrdky; lg;¨x dh vko';drk iM+rh gSA

2- vfèkdka'kr% iqLrdky;¨a ds ikl vk; ds lzksr lhfer g¨rs gSa vkSj iqLrdky; bu lhfer lzksrksa esa fo'o esa çdkf'kr iwjs lkfgR; d¨ ugha [kjhn ldrk gSA ,slh fLFkfr esa iqLrdky; lg;¨x d¨ viukdj lhfer foRr esa mRre lsok,a çnku dh tk ldrh gSaA

3- çdkf'kr lkfgR; dk ewY; çfro"kZ 10 ls 20 çfr'kr rd c<+ tkrk gS tcfd iqLrdky; dk ctV ek= dqN çfr'kr gh c<+rk gSA ,slh fLFkfr esa uà ikB~; lkexzh d¨ Ø; fd;k tkuk iqLrdky;¨a ds fy, dfBu g¨ tkrk gSA bl fLFkfr ls cpus gsrq iqLrdky; lg;¨x d¨ viuk;k tk ldrk gSA

4- lwpukvksa ds çpkj ,oa çlkj esa rhozrk rFkk varjfo"k;h 'k¨èk dk;¨±] vkfo"dkj¨a dh cgqyrk ,oa mudh tkudkjh ds fy, fof'k"V çdkj dh ikB~; lkefxz;¨a dh ekax ftudk mi;¨x lhfer ikBd gh djrs gSaA 5- MkW- ,l-vkj- jaxkukFku }kjk çfrikfnr iqLrdky; foKku ds f}rh; ,oa r`rh; lw= dh ekax gS fd çR;sd ikBd d¨ mldh iqLrd feyuh pkfg,] lkFk gh çR;sd iqLrd d¨ Hkh mldk ikBd feyuk pkfg,A iqLrdky; foKku ds bu n¨u¨a lw=¨a dh ekax d¨ iqLrdky; lg;¨x dh lgk;rk ls vklkuh ls iwjk fd;k tk ldrk gSA

iqLrdky; lg;¨x ds fodkl dk bfrgkl cgqr iqjkuk gSA loZçFke iqLrdky; lg;¨x dk çkjaHk 200 ch-lh- ¼200 B.C.½ esa vysDtsaMfj;k rFkk çsxseu iqLrdky;¨a ds eè; gqvkA 20 oha 'krkCnh ds vkjaHk g¨rs gh iqLrdky; lg;¨x ds fodkl esa rhozrk vkà rFkk ,d jk"Vªh; la?k lwph dh ;¨tuk çkjaHk dh xÃA cgqr ls fodflr ns'k¨a us vius ;gk¡ la?k lwph dk fuekZ.k çkjaHk fd;kA bl la?k lwph ds fuekZ.k ds lkFk gh iqLrdky; lg;¨x us ,d u;k e¨M+ fy;k t¨ iqLrdky; lalkèku¨a dh lgHkkfxrk dk ,d egRoiw.kZ midj.k cu x;k D;¨afd ,d nwljs ds lg;¨x ds fy, lalkèku¨a dh miyCèkrk dh lwph lalkèku lg;¨x ds fy, vko';d gSA vjfoan dqekj lgk;d iqLrdky;kè;{k uo ukyank egkfogkj ukyank & 803111

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iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

iqLrdky; vkSj lekt fdrkcsa i<+us dk 'k©d gesa o.kZekyk lh[krs gh g¨ x;kA vc ;s Ã'ojh; nsu Fkh ;k eu¨jatu dh lgt lqyHk ço`fr] ;s dguk r¨ tjk dfBu gS exj gekjs Ldwyh cLr¨a ls Vhpj }kjk cjken dh tkus okyh pankekek] uanu] ijkx vkSj xhrk çsl dh iqLrdsa bl ckr dk çek.k Fkh fd g¨'k laHkkyrs gh gesa i<+us dk 'k©d g¨ x;k FkkA oSls mu fnu¨a ikB~;Øe ls vyx lq:fpiw.kZ] KkuoèkZd vkSj eu¨jatd fdrkc¨a ds çfr vfèkd vuqjkx Hkh vijkèk dh Js.kh esa vkrk Fkk ftlds fy, ekrk&firk vkSj vè;kid¨a ls vDlj MkaV dk çlkn [kkus d¨ fey tk;k djrk Fkk exj og MkaV vius ikB~;Øe ij vfèkd è;ku nsus ds fufgrkFkZ Fkh] u fd ,slh iqLrd¨a ds fy, foj¨èk dh Hkkouk FkhA oSls Hkh ;s lHkh iqLrdsa uSfrd f'k{kk vkSj ewY;¨a ij vkèkkfjr Fkh t¨ cpiu d¨ ,d lkFk vkSj çcq) ukxfjd ds :i esa <+kyus dh egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkk jgh Fkh ,sls esa mudk [kkfyl foj¨èk Hkh csekuh FkkA ns[krs gh ns[krs le; cnykA gj {ks= esa Økafrdkjh ifjorZu gq,A uà [k¨t¨a us iqjkus vfLrRo feVk MkysA vusd¨a phtsa vius vfLrRo d¨ cpkus dh yM+kà gkj xÃA cnyrs n©j esa dEI;wVj] Vh-oh- vkSj e¨ckby ds vkrs gh fpëh] jsfM;¨ vkSj VsifjdkMZj dgha ihNs NwV dj vrhr esa yqIr g¨ x,A ;gk¡ rd ds lnkcgkj iqLrd txr Hkh buls vNwrk ugha jg ik;kA njvly gj O;fDr dh fnup;kZ esa t¨ le; iqLrd¨a ds fgLls dk Fkk] mUgsa rhu¨a phtsa yhy xà gkykafd ;s Hkh lp gS fd iqLrd¨a dh mi;¨fxrk d¨

;s rhu¨a phtsa feydj Hkh lekIr ugha dj ik,A gk¡] ,d cM+k oxZ iqLrd¨a ls foeq[k vo'; gqvk gS ftUgsa iqLrdsa i<+uk mckÅ yxus yxk gSA iqLrdsa D;¨a i<+h tk,a vkSj bldh gekjs thou esa D;k mi;¨fxrk gS\ r¨ bl ç'u dk mRrj gS fd cqf)] fnup;kZ vkSj thou'kSyh rFkk vkpkj O;ogkj d¨ csgrj djus dk dke iqLrdsa djrh gSa exj vkt vxj ge iqLrd¨a dh ckr djsa r¨ thou d¨ vky¨fdr djus okyh ;g ljy vkSj loZlqyHk oLrq dqN fo'ks"k çdkj ds y¨x¨a dh :fp rd fleV dj jg xà gS ftuesa 40&50 o"kZ ls vfèkd vk;q ds y¨x¨a dh la[;k vfèkd gSA dqN ftKklq o t:jrean ;qok oxZ Hkh ;nk&dnk bl ve`r dk lsou dj ysrs gSa vkSj jgs cPps r¨ mudh nqfu;k r¨ cl Vh-oh-] daI;wVj vkSj e¨ckby esa fleV dj jg xà gS t¨ mUgsa Hkfo"; dh ÅapkÃ;k¡ orZeku esa r; djk nsrs gSaA dkVZwu dk;ZØe¨a vkSj le; ls igys lc dqN tkudkjh nsus okys dk;ZØe¨a ls cPp¨a dh eklwfe;r ij fod`fr;k¡ çHkkoh g¨ jgh gSa ftlds ifj.kke çfrfnu lquus esa vkrs jgrs gSaA ;s Hkh vfç; lR; gS fd ekrk&firk Hkh cPp¨a d¨ iqLrd¨a ds çfr i;kZIr :i ls çsfjr djus dk ç;kl ugha djrs D;¨afd mUgsa Hkh cnyrs le; ds lkFk daI;wVj esa vka[ksa xM+k;s cPpk g¨ugkj vkSj çfrHkk laié fn[kykà iM+rk gSA gkykafd Vh-oh-] e¨ckby vkSj daI;wVj us ekuo lH;rk dk psgjk iwjh rjg ls cny fn;k ij bl 6


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý cM+s pqu©rh iw.kZ n©j esa Hkh iqLrdsa vius vfLrRo d¨ lgsts jgha D;¨afd Vh-oh- vkSj daI;wVj ds dk;ZØe¨a esa i<+us tSlk vkuan ugha gSA ys[ku 'kSyh dh fofoèkrkvksa us iqLrd txr d¨ uhjl g¨us ls cpk, j[kkA nsodh uanu [k=h iqLrd txr dk ,slk uke gS ftldh dkyt;h jpukvksa d¨ i<+us ds fy, y¨x¨a us fganh lh[kh FkhA viuh [kkl lgt 'kSyh ds dkj.k gh miU;kl lezkV çsepan dj¨M+¨a Hkkjrh;¨a ds ân; d¨ Nw ysrs gSaA buds vykok vusd¨a lqçfl) jpukdkj¨a us dye ds cwrs ij gh y¨x¨a ds fny¨a esa txg cukà gSA nSfud thou dh Hkkx n©M+ c<+ tkus ds dkj.k vkt c`gn miU;kl¨a ;k jpukvksa ds fy, vke vkneh le; ugha fudky ikrk ftlls Fk¨M+k&Fk¨M+k i<+us ls dFkkud dk rkjrE; VwV tkrk gSA bl LokHkkfod exj vfu;fer <+ax ls iqLrd i<+us dh foo'krk us iqLrd vkSj ikBd¨a ds chp dh nwjh c<+kà gSA ckotwn bu lc ckr¨a ds fdlh Hkh f'kf{kr dk gkFk fojke ds {k.k¨a esa lkeus ;k vklikl j[kh fdlh iBuh; lkexzh dh vksj vo'; c<+rk gS t¨ bl ckr dk çek.k gS fd i<+uk euq"; dh uSlÆxd ço`fr gSA dku¨a esa MkV yxk, nhu nqfu;k ls csijokg vkt ds ;qok daI;wVj ds ek;koh txr dh f[kM+dh esa VdVdh yxs >kadrs vkSj i<+rs psgjs] nwjnZ'ku ds dk;ZØe¨a esa Kku vkSj eu¨jatu dh pkg esa tcju 90% cdokl vkSj vupkgk dpjk >syrs n'kZd bu ek;koh pht¨a ds lEe¨gu esa iqLrd txr ls foeq[k r¨ vo'; gq, gSa exj lkFk gh lkFk vfèkdka'k u, ys[kd¨a dh uhjl vkSj fu"çHkkoh ys[ku 'kSyh vkSj iqLrd¨a ds c<+rs nke¨a us Hkh iqLrd¨a ds çfr y¨x¨a ds :>ku d¨ ?kVk;k gSA lo¨ZRre jpukvksa d¨ lEekfur djus vkSj y¨x¨a

esa muds y¨dfç; g¨us dh txg fookfnr fo"k;¨a ij fy[kh iqLrd¨a us ys yh gSA vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk dh nqgkà dk vkoj.k vks<s+ ,slh fookfnr jpuk,¡ y¨x¨a esa d©rwgy iSnk djrh gSA ,d okLrfod rF; vkSj lR; ;s Hkh gS fd orZeku esa vfèkdka'k ikBd¨a d¨ çsepan] nsodhuanu [k=h] 'kjr panz] ve`ryky ukxj vkSj vkpk;Z prqjlsu dh csfelky vkSj lqèkcqèk Hkqyk nsus okyh d`fr;¨a dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk Kku gh ugha gSA x¨nku] panzdkark] Jhdkar] oS'kkyh dh uxj oèkw vkSj l¨eukFk tSlh dkyt;h d`fr;k¡ vkt Hkh ikBd¨a ls vkReh;rk dk ukrk t¨M+us esa l{ke gSaA ;|fi iqLrdsa KkuoèkZu ds lkFk&lkFk LoLFk eu¨jatu dh okgd gSa fdarq çfl) d`fr;¨a ds ân; Li'khZ dFkkud¨a dh tkudkjh ds vHkko esa orZeku ikBd¨a dk è;ku ^^fték**] ^^yTtk**] ^^lsVsfud olZst** vkSj ^^fof'k"B** O;fDr;¨a dh vkRedFkk** tSlh dà fookfnr d`fr;¨a dh vksj vkdf"kZr g¨rk gSA orZeku esa iqLrd txr esa fookfnr dFkkoLrq ikBd¨a ds è;kukd"kZ.k djus dk lQy ea= eku yh xà gSA vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk dh nqgkà nsdj fod`r vkSj ?k`.kk rFkk uQjr QSykus okys ys[ku us iqLrd çsfe;¨a d¨ fujk'k vkSj nq[kh gh fd;k gSA ,slk lkfgR; ,d fo'ks"k oxZ d¨ vYi vofèk ds fy, :fpdj g¨ ldrk gSA vfèkdka'k ikBd oxZ r¨ ,slh iqLrd¨a d¨ iqLrd txr ds fy, vfgrdj ekurk gS D;¨afd ;s lkfgfR;d xfjek ds nkeu ij nkx tSlh çrhr g¨rh gSaA iqLrd txr dh lokZfèkd lqjf{kr cLrh vkSj iqLrd çse d¨ i¨f"kr djus dh ,d ek= çHkkoh txg iqLrdky; gS t¨ vius fHké&fHké ç;kl¨a 7


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý vkSj ;¨tukvksa }kjk bl eqj>krh csy d¨ gjk&Hkjk j[kus dk gj laHko ç;kl dj jgh gSA iqLrd txr dh bl fojklr d¨ u flQZ cpkuk cfYd le`) djuk vkSj ,d LoLFk lekt dh lajpuk esa lgk;d lkfgR; d¨ fodflr vkSj ç¨Rlkfgr djuk ys[kd vkSj ikBd n¨u¨a dk nkf;Ro curk gSA orZeku ys[kd¨a d¨ lq:fpiw.kZ vkSj thou ewY;¨a d¨ LFkkfir djus okyh j¨pd vkSj ân;xzkgh d`fr;¨a dh jpuk djds iqLrd çsfe;¨a dh la[;k esa o`f) djuh pkfg, vkSj çR;sd ukxfjd d¨ pkfg, fd o¨ vkjaHk ls gh cPp¨a esa vPNh KkuoèkZd vkSj lq:fpiw.kZ eu¨jatu okyh iqLrd i<+us dk Hkko mRié djsaA iqLrd¨a d¨ laxzg djus o fo'ks"k volj¨a ij HksaV] ysus&nsus dh ço`fr cPp¨a esa ckY;koLFkk ls gh tkxzr dh tkuh pkfg,A orZeku le; esa iqLrdsa dkQh eagxh gSa t¨ tu lkèkkj.k dh igqap ls ijs g¨ tkrh gSA l{ke vkSj laié y¨x¨a }kjk det¨j oxZ dh cfLr;¨a esa iqLrdky; dh lqfoèkk nsus ls vfèkd y¨x iqLrd txr ls vo'; gh tqM+ tk,axsaA ,slk ,d ç'kaluh; ç;kl xk;=h ifjokj ¼'kkafrdqat] gfj}kj½ oky¨a dk gS] ftUg¨aus iBu ikBu dh viuh ,d 'kSyh fodflr dh gSA mUg¨aus N¨Vh&N¨Vh iqLrd¨a vkSj Ly¨xu ds tfj, lkekftd psruk tkxzr djus dh çHkkoh eqfge pyk j[kh gSA lkFk gh mUg¨aus lkekftd fparu vkSj pfj= fuekZ.k d¨ çkFkfedrk nsus okys vkpk;Z Jh jke 'kekZ th ds fopkj¨a d¨ LFkkfir djus okyh vusd¨a N¨Vh&cM+h iqLrdsa çdkf'kr dj iqLrd txr d¨

x©jokfUor vkSj le`) fd;k gSA xk;=h ifjokj dh ;s iqLrdsa orZeku n©j dh lkekftd rkuk ckuk {kfrxzLr djus okyh fdlh Hkh çdkj dh pqu©fr;¨a dk lkeuk djus vkSj mu ij fot; ikus dk e©fyd ekxZn'kZu djrh gSA xk;=h ifjokj dh rjg vkSj Hkh lkfgfR;d 'kqHkfpard¨a d¨ mi;¨xh vkSj l`tukRed lkfgR; dk tud cudj iqLrd txr d¨ vkSj Hkh etcwrh çnku djus ds iquhr dk;Z esa ;Fkk'kfDr lg;¨x djuk pkfg,A t:jr bl ckr dh gS fd Vh-oh-] e¨ckby vkSj daI;wVj ds fujFkZd vkSj vuko';d ç;¨x ij ;fn dkcw ikus dk ç;kl fd;k tk, r¨ le; cpk;k tk ldrk gS D;¨afd [kcj¨a ds flok çR;sd dk;ZØe Vh-oh- esa vusd¨a ckj n¨gjk;k tkrk jgrk gS ;gka rd dh [kcjsa Hkh fnuHkj gtkj¨a ckj n¨gjkà tkrh gS] mlh rjg foKkiu¨a dh Hkh dk;ZØe¨a ds lkFk ckjEckj ns[kus dh vfufPNr foo'krk dsoy le; dh cckZnh gS vkSj ;s cpk le; iqLrdsa bUlkuh@ ekuoh; fnup;kZ ls Lo;a gh çkIr dj ysxh D;¨afd i<+uk tulkekU; dk uSlÆxd LoHkko t¨ Bgjk vkSj ;fn ge vkn'kZ vkSj LoLFk ekuo lekt ds vfHkyk"kh gSa r¨ blds fuekZ.k dk ,d l'kDr ekè;e iqLrd txr Hkh gSA vPNh iqLrd¨a ls vPNk iqLrd txr curk gS vkSj vPNk iqLrd txr vPNs lekt vkSj jk"Vª fuekZ.k esa çHkkoh Hkwfedk fuHkkrk gSA rkfgj Hkaoj Mh&1316] xyh ua- 1 dchj uxj] fnYyh&94

8


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

jktLFkku ds lkoZtfud iqLrdky; iqLrdky; }kjk orZeku esa fuEukafdr lsok,a çnku dh tk jgh gSa&

iqLrdky; dk laf{kIr bfrgkl Mk- jkèkkd`".ku~ jkT; dsanzh; iqLrdky; dh LFkkiuk 15 vxLr] 1956 d¨ gqà FkhA iqLrdky; dh LFkkiuk jkT; ds cM+s iqLrdky; ds :i esa mér dj vke ukxfjd¨a d¨ iqLrdky; lsok çnku djus ds mÌs'; ls dh xÃA ijarq vfLrRo esa vkus ds lkFk gh ç'kklfud dkj.k¨a ls o"kZ 1960 esa bldk lanHkZ d{k egkjktk lkoZtfud iqLrdky;] p©M+k jkLrk] t;iqj Hkou ds ,d d{k esa vkjaHk gqvk ftldk o"kZ 1976 esa iquxZBu fd;k x;k rFkk dsanzh; iqLrdky; ds vuq:i gh uohu Hkou fuekZ.k ds vFkd ç;kl 'kq: fd, x,A bls ,d yacs le; ds i'pkr~ o"kZ 1984 ls dk;Z:i fn;k x;kA o"kZ 1980 ls 1990 rd ofj"B xzFa kky;¨a] iqLrdky; laxBu¨a ,oa jkT; ljdkj ds la;qDr ç;kl¨a ls o"kZ 1990 esa yxHkx 45 yk[k :i, dh ykxr ls ,d fo'kky iqLrdky; Hkou dk fuekZ.k l©E; ekxZ] xkaèkh uxj] t;iqj esa fd;k x;k rFkk egkjktk lkoZtfud xzaFkky;] p©M+k jkLrk] t;iqj ls bls l©E; ekxZ] xkaèkhuxj esa LFkkukarfjr fd;k x;k] t¨ vc bl Hkou esa lapkfyr gSA

cky d{k iqLrdky; esa cky Hkou i`Fkd :i ls LFkkfir gSA cky iqLrdky; esa cPp¨a ds fy, cky lkfgR;] f[ky©us] Vh-oh-] Mh-oh-Mh- ,oa cky i=&if=dk,a bR;kfn miyCèk gSaA 6 ls 14 o"kZ dh vk;q ds cPps cky iqLrdky; ds lnL; cu ldrs gSaA cPp¨a ds eu¨jatu ds fy, xkMZu esa >wys bR;kfn Hkh gSa ftudk mi;¨x cPp¨a }kjk çfrfnu fd;k tkrk gSA cPp¨a gsrq çR;sd 'kfuokj d¨ n¨igj esa cky fQYe¨a dk çn'kZu fd;k tkrk gSA okpuky;

14 o"kZ ls vfèkd vk;q ds lHkh o;Ld ikBd¨a gsrq ,d fo'kky okrkuqdwfyr okpuky; d{k gSA tgka yxHkx 200 ikBd ,d lkFk cSBdj okpuky; d{k dk mi;¨x djrs gSaA ikBd¨a ds fy, fganh ,oa vaxzsth Hkk"kk ds nSfud] lkIrkfgd] ikf{kd] f}ekfld] =Sekfld] vèkZokÆ"kd ,oa okÆ"kd vko`fr dh yxHkx iqLrdky; Hkou yxHkx 2302 oxZ ehVj {ks=Qy 150 if=dkvksa ds vfrfjDr çfrfnu fganh o vaxzsth esa QSyk gqvk gSA gky gh esa jktk jkee¨gu jk; Hkk"kk ds dqy 25 çeq[k jk"Vªh; ,oa LFkkuh; lekpkj iqLrdky; çfr"Bku] d¨ydkrk dh lerqY; ;¨tuk i= eaxok, tkrs gSaA ds lg;¨x ls iqLrdky; ds çFke ry dk fuekZ.k djk;k x;k gSA iqLrdky; esa ,d cM+k xkMZu gS lanHkZ d{k rFkk [kqyh gok&ikuh ds fy, i;kZIr [kqyk LFkku gS] fo'od¨'k] 'kCnd¨'k] rduhdh 'kCnkoyh] t¨ ikBd¨a d¨ i<+us dk LoPN ,oa LoLFk okrkoj.k xtsfV;lZ] okÆ"kdh] fZunZsf'kdk] fp=koyh] ftYn çnku djrk gSA çfrosnu vkfn lfgr yxHkx 15000 lanHkZ xzaFk 9


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý iqLrdky; }kjk 'kh?kz gh fo'ks"k ;¨X;tu ds fy, lqfoèkkvksa esa foLrkj fd;k tk,xkA iqLrdky; esa n`f"Vckfèkr O;fDr daI;wVj] czsy lkfgR; bR;kfn dk mi;¨x vkjke ls dj ldsaxsaA

ikBd¨a gsrq miyCèk gSaA lanHkZ xzaFk¨a dk mi;¨x ikBd iqLrdky; esa cSBdj dj ldrs gSaA blds vfrfjDr iqLrdkè;{k }kjk Hkh ikBd¨a dh lanHkZ xzaFk mi;¨x esa lgk;rk çnku dh tkrh gSA

iqLrdky; d¨ gky gh esa iw.kZr;k daI;wVjkbTM fd;k x;k gSA orZeku esa iqLrd vknku&çnku] lpZ bR;kfn dk;Z daI;wVj ds ekè;e ls fd;k tkrk gSA bl gsrq osccsLM iqLrdky; lk¶Vos;j elibrary.rajasthan. gov.in dk mi;¨x fd;k tkrk gSA lk¶Vos;j ds ekè;e ls vketu dgha ls Hkh iqLrdky; esa miyCèk lkfgR; d¨ [k¨t ldrk gS ,oa iqLrdky; esa vkdj iqLrd b';w djok ldrk gSA iqLrdky; dh lnL;rk dk QkeZ Hkh bl lk¶Vos;j ij miyCèk gS ftldh okrkuqdwfyr d{k iwÆr dj vke ukxfjd iqLrdky; dk lnL; cu iqLrdky; esa lEesyu@dk;Z'kkyk ds vk;¨tu ldrk gSA o;Ld ikBd d¨ 25@& :i, ,oa cky ds fy, okrkuqdwfyr lHkkd{k gSA tgk¡ le;&le; ikBd d¨ 5@& :i, okÆ"kd lnL;rk ds :i esa ij lEesyu@dk;Z'kkyk ,oa lkfgR; ij ppkZvksa dk nsus g¨rs gSaA iqLrdky; ds cky lnL; d¨ ,d iqLrd ,oa o;Ld lnL; d¨ n¨ iqLrdsa 14 fnol vk;¨tu fd;k tkrk gSA ds fy, b';w dh tkrh gSaA 'k¨èkkFkhZ dsfcu iqLrdky; dk le; vçSy ls flracj çkr% 'k¨èkkFkhZ ikBd¨a ds fy, iqLrdky; esa okrkuqdfw yr 7-00 cts ls lk;a 7-00 cts ,oa vDrwcj ls ekpZ 'k¨èkd{k Hkh miyCèk gSA tgka ikBd vius xzaFk¨a ,oa çkr% 7-30 ls lk;a 6-30 rd jgrk gS rFkk jfookj iqLrdky; esa miyCèk xzaFk¨a dk mi;¨x dj ldrk d¨ lkIrkfgd vodk'k jgrk gSA gSA iou dqekj ikjhd blds vfrfjDr iqLrdky; esa efgykvksa ,oa o`) iqLrdkè;{k tu¨a ds fy, i`Fkd :i ls lkfgR; ,oa cSBus dk Mk-jkèkkd`".ku~ jkT; dsanzh; iqLrdky; LFkku Hkh miyCèk gSA iqLrdky; esa lukru dkWuZj Hkh 37&ch rhFkZ uxj] U;w lkaxkusj j¨M LFkkfir gS] tgka lukru lkfgR; miyCèk gS ftldk l¨Mkyk] t;iqj vè;;u fd;k tk ldrk gSA iqLrdky; esa èkeZ&n'kZu] lekt foKku] ekufodh] foKku ,oa rduhdh] çcaèku] lwpuk ç©n~;¨fxdh] dkuwu] bfrgkl] vFkZ'kkL= bR;kfn dh iqLrd¨a ds lkFk&lkFk fganh] vaxzsth] jktLFkkuh] xqtjkrh] Ýsap] laLd`r ,oa mnwZ vkfn Hkk"kkvksa dh Js"B iqLrd¨a dk fo'kky laxzg gSA blds vfrfjDr çfr;¨xh ijh{kkvksa dh iqLrd¨a dk Hkh laxzg gSA orZeku esa iqLrdky; esa yxHkx 98000 iqLrd¨a dk laxzg gSA

10


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

lksp ¼fgr ;k vfgr½ ,d ckj dh ckr gS] ,d N¨Vs ls xk¡o esa ,d N¨Vk lk ifjokj jgrk Fkk] ml ifjokj esa N¨Vw o x¨yw uke ds n¨ Hkkà vius ekrk& firk ds lkFk jgrs FksA n¨u¨a Hkkà yxrs r¨ ,d tSls Fks ysfdu mudh l¨p esa tehu vkleku dk varj FkkA N¨Vw] t¨ x¨yw ls N¨Vk Fkk] og i<+us esa Bhd Fkk vkSj lcds fy, fgrdkjh l¨p mtkxj djrk Fkk vkSj mldk mÌs'; ges'kk ^^lar¨"ke~ ije~ lq[ke~** rFkk ^^fgre lq[ke~** FkkA

vk x, vkSj mlds lkFk feydj ckfj'k dk etk mBkus yxsA rHkh N¨Vw us cxqy¨a ds lewg d¨ viuk isV Hkjrs gq, ns[kk] os lHkh eNfy;¨a dk lsou dj jgs FksA rHkh mlus x¨yw ls iwNk] HkS;k ,slk D;¨a g¨ jgk gS \

ogha nwljk Hkkà x¨yw i<+us esa Bhd& Bkd g¨us ds ckotwn mldh l¨p cgqr vthc¨a&xjhc FkhA og ges'kk nwlj¨a dk vfgr gh l¨prk Fkk] ges'kk udkjkRed c¨yh dk bLrseky djrk FkkA vius N¨Vs Hkkà N¨Vw ls Hkh og fouezrk ls ckr ugha djrk FkkA blh dkj.k ls lHkh y¨x mls ukilan djrs FksA ,d fnu tc n¨u¨a ckgj [ksyus tkus ds fy, rS;kj Fks rHkh ckny¨a ds dM+dus dh vkokt vkà vkSj vkleku esa dkys ckny¨a us viuh txg ys yh] vc D;k Fkk x¨yw r¨ ckfj'k ds diM+s igu o viuk Nkrk fy, fudy iM+k] ogha N¨Vw r¨ fcuk fdlh oLrq ds ,sls gh fudy iM+kA Fk¨M+h gh nsj esa t¨jnkj ckfj'k 'kq: g¨ xÃA

x¨yw & eq>s ijs'kku er dj ! cxqyk lgh dj jgk gS !

x¨yw us Mk¡V&QVdkj ds ckn tokc fn;k& D;¨afd eNfy;¨a dk cqjk le; vk x;k gSA

N¨Vw & D;k eryc \

N¨Vw vius ?kj dh vksj y©VkA

bl ckfj'k ds e©le us N¨Vw d¨ ;s lc l¨pus ij etcwj dj fn;k vkSj vkf[kjdkj tc og ?kj y©Vk r¨ mls mldk tokc fey pqdk Fkk fd cxqyk bu eNfy;¨a d¨ viuk isV Hkjus ds fy, gh [kkrk gS ysfdu D;k og vkSj dqN ugha [kk ldrk\ mls ,slk ugha djuk pkfg, vkSj tho¨a d¨ vk?kkr ugha igq¡pkuk pkfg,A rHkh mlus bl cxqys dh lekurk vius Hkkà ls dh t¨ ges'kk nwlj¨a d¨ nq[kh ns[kuk pkgrk Fkk vkSj blh dkj.k og fdlh pht dk yqRQ vc D;k Fkk] ckfj'k 'kq: g¨rs gh N¨Vw dk eu ugha mBk ikrk vkSj [kqn Hkh nq[kh jgrk FkkA M¨y mBk vkSj og viuh uko cukdj ikuh esa rSjkus lanhi dqekj ikBd yxkA ogha x¨yw viuh l¨p ds dkj.k ckfj'k dh Ã&450] f'ko fogkj udkjkRedrk d¨ fxuus yxk vkSj Nkrk ysdj pyus gLrlky ts-ts- dky¨uh yxkA mRre uxj] uà fnYyh

ogha N¨Vw d¨ ns[k lHkh i{kh ogk¡ Msjk tekdj 11


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

Never Accept Failure We are living in a world of competition. Competition doesn’t throttle us, if we have determination. It makes us stronger. We have to do our best everyday under all circumstances and then we get success. Most people always say that everything goes wrong for them that they always had a bad luck. Why shouldn’t things go wrong? They don’t give time to grow the seed of success that are within their minds; they are too busy with useless things. Many of us think, we don’t even have any seed of success in us, but we have. We can succeed, But if we think, “We have failed,” we are finished right then; we have already given ourself the degree that we have failed. But if we remain positive and think, “All right,” I will succeed, and go on trying, we will succeed. Never lose faith in yourself, you can do everything in this universe.

work”. We will see who is boss. “We have to work, we have to make efforts to accomplish. Every failure is a success if we learn from it. Never mind failures these little backslidings, hold the idea a thousand times; and if we fail thousand times, make the attempt once more. This life is great game. Make the effort to win it. Thousands of people are suffering in this world, some have no hand or no feet to walk. How can we, with all our facilities at our disposal, admit failure? You must not do so. When we go backward our mental outlook is so dim that we think the whole world is going backward. But we will always advance if we are accomplishing something. Let the whole world in our command. Arise! Awake! And stop not till the goal is reached.

People always say that everything they touch, ends in failure. Why do they fail? Because their mind have been convinced that they will fail. To succeed we require courage because the mind will say, “After all these years, we are right back where we started.” But we have to say our mind, “keep quiet. We will make you

Live to do something

not

Do something to live.

Always keep in mind that, you makeyourself perfect. Sakshi

12


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

13


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

My Library It’s only a room with shelves and books, but it’s far more magical than it looks It’s a jet on which I soar to lands that exist no more. Or a key with which I find answers to questions crowding my mind. Building my habit of learning and growing, asking and researching till I reach knowing. Here, I’ve been a mermaid and an elf I’ve even learned to be more myself. With encouraging kind friends with wit Who tell me to dream big and never quit. It’s only a room with shelves and books, but it’s far more magical than it looks. Divyank Class – 8th P.M.P. School

14


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

oDr&oDr dh ckr gS -------A o¨ oDr Fkk tc ge vius cqtqZx¨a d¨ naMor oDr&oDr dh ckr gS----A ç.kke djrs Fks fdarq vc ge flQZ gkFk fgykdj o¨ oDr Fkk tc gekjs ns'k çseh usrkvksa dh gh igpku crkrs gSaA ,d gqadkj ls turk viuh tku dh ckth yxk nsrh Fkh fdarq vc ds usrk viuk LokFkZ fl) djus oDr&oDr dh ckr gS----A vkSj èku cV¨jus esa yxs jgrs gSaA o¨ oDr Fkk tc ge ukfj;¨a d¨ viuh ekrk] cgu¨a ds :i esa ns[krs Fks] fdarq vc utfj;k oDr&oDr dh ckr gS----A cny x;k mUgsa vc ge ek= Hk¨X;k ;k eu¨jatu o¨ oDr Fkk tc balku lR; ls thrk Fkk] ds :i esa ns[krs gSaA lsok Hkko j[krk Fkk] fdarq vc balku LokFkhZ] pkiywl] csbZeku g¨ x;k gSA oDr&oDr dh ckr gS----A o¨ oDr Fkk tc ge egkiq:"k¨a d¨ viuk oDr&oDr dh ckr gS----A vkn'kZ o iwT;uh; ekurs Fks] fdarq LokFkZo'k ckckvks]a ik[kafM;¨a ds pDdj esa viuk ru] eu] èku lHkh o¨ oDr Fkk tc O;fDr lqcg mBdj jke uke dk Hktu djrk Fkk] fdarq vc lqcg mBdj yqVk nsrs gSaA fQYeh èkqu ij eu cgykrk gSA oDr&oDr dh ckr gS----A oDr &oDr dh ckr gSA oDr&oDr dh ckr o¨ oDr Fkk tc ge xq:vksa dk lEeku o gS----A muds mins'k¨a d¨ vius thou esa mrkjdj viuk jke lqjs'k oekZ thou lQy cukrs Fks] fdarq vc oDr ;s gS fd ^^Hk`R;** xq:th cPp¨a ls chM+h flxjsV eaxokrs gSaA ftyk xzaFkky; jk;iqj

15


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

J)katfy & 17 % 17 vk>h unh dk ikuh ihdj] pys lkcjerh unh dh vksj] ,d ohj egk vkRek] lkcjerh unh dk ikuh u ihuk] vaxzst¨a ds tqYe¨a ls] vktkn ns'k d¨ djuk] ns'k ij midkj djuk] N¨M+h uk d¨Ã dlj] ysdj vk[kjh ckj dle] py iM+s ;equk unh dh vksj] vktkn djds ns'k d¨] ;equk unh ds rV esa c¨ys vk[kjh ckj gs jke] Fke x, jkLrs] eafty iwjh djds] l¨ x, ;s ohj egk vkRek] ;s ohj egkohj Hkxoku ds vorkj] x¨yh yx ds] fxj x,] VwV x, p'esa dk dkap] if{k;¨a ds dyjo] gok ds >¨ads] ;equk unh dk ikuh dk èk¨r] fujvadq'k pyus okyh ;s isu] vkSj jsfV;k¼pj[kk½ dk pØ] ydM+h d¨ èk¨dk] vkSj le; dk dkaVk] o¨ le; Fkk 17%17 ¼l=g l=g½ j¨d fn;k iwjk thoupØ] Fke x;k lkjk tgka] Fke xà lkjh ufn;k¡] flaèkh] [k¨tk] eSae.k] e©ykuk] o.kdj] okf.kd] O;kikjh] iVsy] iatkch] ikjlh] ijns'kh lkFk jgds] lkFk N¨M+ ds] pys x, vdsys] varfj{k dh vksj] og vafre thou lQj Fkk 17%17] t¨ Le`fr fnu Fkk 30-01-1948 17%17] rc ls fo[;kr gqvk o¨ j¨M+ 30 tuojh ekxZA iwtk gleq[kHkkà ijekj xzke ftykfj;k] rglhy inkèkkjh ftyk jktd¨V ¼xqtjkr½ 16


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh jktHkk"kk xfrfofèk;k¡ ¼o"kZ 2013&14½

fucaèk çfr;¨fxrk Hkh vk;¨ftr dh xà rFkkfi dqN ,e-Vh-,l- deZpkfj;¨a us çR;sd çfr;¨fxrk esa Hkkx fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh esa jktHkk"kk fganh ds ysdj lkgl dk ifjp; fn;k rFkk iqjLdkj Hkh çkIr çpkj&çlkj ds fy, fganh Hkk"kk Hkk"kh ,oa vU; Hkk"kk fd,A Hkk"kh deZpkfj;¨a ds fy, fnukad 16-09-2013 ls 22-09-2013 rd fganh lIrkg dk vk;¨tu fd;k fganh lIrkg ds lekiu lekj¨g ij fotsrkvksa rFkk vU; çfrHkkfx;ksa ds fy, 23-09-2013 d¨ iqjLdkj x;kA forj.k lekj¨g dk vk;¨tu fd;k x;kA bl volj fganh lIrkg ds mn?kkVu volj ij ij Jherh lqèkk lDlsuk] lgk;d funs'kd ¼jk-Hkk-½ Jh ,e-lh- jkxou] lykgdkj] fnYyh ifCyd ykbczjs h us eap lapkyu fd;k vkSj dgk fd çR;sd o"kZ bu us fganh lIrkg ds leLr çfrHkkfx;¨a d¨ 'kqHkdkeuk,a çfr;¨fxrkvksa ds vk;¨tu ls deZpkjh fganh esa dke nh rFkk fganh esa dk;Z djus ij t¨j fn;kA bl djus ds fy, çsfjr g¨a vkSj ;s çfr;¨fxrk,a çR;sd volj ij Jh ch-,y- ehuk] iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk deZpkjh ds fy, fganh esa l¨pus] le>us ,oa fy[kus vfèkdkjh us leLr vfèkdkfj;¨a ,oa deZpkfj;¨a d¨ dk vPNk ekè;e cus] gekjh ;gh dkeuk gSA jktHkk"kk fganh esa dk;Z djus ds fy, çsfjr fd;k iqjLdkj forj.k lekj¨g ds volj ij rFkk dgk fd gesa ljy] lgt ,oa lqc¨èk 'kCn¨a Jh ,e-lh- jkxou] lykgdkj] fn-i-yk- us fganh ds lkFk fganh d¨ lgt :i esa viukuk pkfg,A lIrkg ds 24 fotsrkvksa d¨ iqjLdkj ,oa çek.k i= Jh vfuy dqekj] fganh vuqoknd us Hkkjr ljdkj ls lEekfur fd;kA dh jktHkk"kk uhfr ij çdk'k Mkyk rFkk dk;ZØe esa bl volj ij ç¨Rlkgu ;¨tuk ds varxZr o"kZ eap lapkyu fd;kA 2011&12 ds fy, fganh esa fVIi.k çk:i.k djus okys fganh lIrkg ds n©jku deZpkfj;¨a ds fy, fofHké 10 deZpkfj;¨a d¨ iqjLdkj Lo:i udn jkf'k ,oa çfr;¨fxrkvksa tSls& fucaèk] fganh fVIi.k çk:i.k] çek.k i= nsdj lEekfur fd;k x;kA lkekU; fganh Kku] jktHkk"kk ç'u eap] Hkk"k.k vkfn dk vk;¨tu fd;k x;k ftlesa ykbczsjh ds 70 fganh dk;Z'kkyk & deZpkfj;¨a us cM+h yXu ,oa mRlkg ls Hkkx fy;kA ykbczsjh }kjk daI;wVj fo"k; ij n¨ fnolh; rhu ykbczsjh ds ,e-Vh-,l- deZpkfj;¨a ds fy, vyx ls dk;Z'kkyk,a vk;¨ftr dh xb± ftuesa deZpkfj;¨a d¨ fganh lIrkg &

17


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý ;wfud¨M lk¶Vos;j ij fganh lqfoèkk] ,e-,l- ,Dlsy] fganh esa u¨fVax&Mªkf¶Vax@ frekgh fji¨VZ ç¨QkekZ dh daI;wVj gkMZo;s j esVa us l as ,aM baLVkys'ku] baVjusV Ãesy tkudkjh çnku djus ds fy, fganh dk;Z'kkyk dk vkfn fo"k;¨a dh tkudkjh çnku dh xÃ] lkFk gh vk;¨tu Hkh fd;k x;kA lkFk deZpkfj;¨a d¨ vH;kl Hkh djk;k x;kA fganh d{k jktHkk"kk uhfr dk vuqikyu djrs gq, deZpkfj;¨a fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh d¨ jktHkk"kk uhfr@jktHkk"kk fu;e&vfèkfu;e@

gekjh csfV;k¡ ek¡ dh cgqr ykMyh g¨rh gSa csfV;k¡ ckck ds flj dk lgkjk g¨rh gSa csfV;k¡A tc&tc Hkh nqfu;k esa tUe ysrh gSa csfV;k¡] nqfu;k ds fy, c¨> D;¨a g¨rh gSa csfV;k¡A pwYgs vkSj p©ds dk lQj r; djrh gSa csfV;k¡] vQlj vkSj dysDVj Hkh curh gSa csfV;k¡A 'ke¨±&g;k ds ijns esa jgrh gSa csfV;k¡] n¨&n¨ dqy¨a dh ykt d¨ <+¨rh gSa csfV;k¡A ftlus gesa iSnk fd;k o¨ Hkh gSa csfV;k¡] fQj D;¨a cse©r ejrh gSa csfV;k¡A ckck us vxj Mk¡Vk r¨ j¨ nsrh gSa csfV;k¡] bl lkjh dk;ukr dh j©ud g¨rh gSa csfV;k¡A D;k g¨rk bl tgku esa vxj u g¨rh csfV;k¡A t;çdk'k ekFkqj iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk lgk;d dj¨y ckx 'kk[kk] fn-i-yk18


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

lqfopkj

vdsyk

,d iRFkj flQZ ,d ckj eafnj tkrk gS vkSj Hkxoku cu tkrk gS] ij balku j¨t eafnj tkrk gS fQj Hkh iRFkj gh jgrk gSA

mldh gFksyh idM+] fudy iM+k Fkk] ftanxh dh jkg¨a esa] vdsysA xe¨a dh /kwi] yxrh ugha Fkh] tqYQ¨a ds lk;s esa mldsA HkVdrk ugha Fkk dHkh] dgha Hkh jkgsa] [khap ykrh Fkh eq>s] ujfe;k¡ mlds pgjs dhA rUgk dHkh gqvk ugha eSa] yxrh jgrh Fkh] /kM+du¨a ls ges'kk] /kM+dusa mldhA pkgr] vknr] bcknr] gh ugha] ftanxh Fkh o¨ esjh] Hkj¨lk Fkk eq>s ml ij] [kqn ls Hkh T;knkA ij vQl¨l] eSa xyr FkkA t¨ Fkk vHkh rd] o¨ flQZ Fkk] gS ughaA vc r¨ gw¡ eSa] vdsyk] flQZ vdsykA

,d vkSjr csVs d¨ tUe nsus ds fy, viuh lqanjrk R;kx nsrh gS] ogh csVk lqanj iRuh ds fy, viuh ek¡ d¨ R;kx nsrk gSA thou esa gj rjQ ge thr pkgrs gSa] ij Qwy dh nqdku ,d ,slh txg gS tgka ge dgrs gSa fd ^^gkj** pkfg, D;¨afd ge Hkxoku ls thr ugha ldrsA ge vkSj Ã'oj n¨u¨a ,d tSls gSa] t¨ j¨t Hkwy tkrs gSa] o¨ gekjh xyfr;¨a d¨] ge mldh esgjckfu;¨a d¨A oDr dk irk ugha pyrk viu¨a ds lkFk] ij viu¨a dk irk pyrk gS oDr ds lkFkA oDr ugha cnyrk viu¨a ds lkFk] ij vius t:j cny tkrs gSa oDr ds lkFkA le; vkSj le> n¨u¨a ,d lkFk [kq'kfdLer y¨x¨a d¨ gh feyrs gSa] vDlj le; ij le> ugha vkrh vkSj le> vkus ij le; fudy tkrk gS egs'k dqekj vj¨M+k lgk;d iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vfèkdkjh fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh

19

Hkwisanz flag l¨uw ch-,- ¼fganh½ vkulZ tkfdj gqlSu dkyst


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

xzh"e vodk'k ds jax cPps ykbczsjh ds lax xzh"e vodk'k dk cPp¨a ds thou esa egRoiw.kZ LFkku gSA cPps fon~;ky; esa vuq'kklu ds fu;e dk ikyu djrs gq, rFkk yacs le; rd fu;ec) thou thus ds mijkar cslczh ls xzh"e vodk'k dh ckV t¨grs gSa vkSj ,sls esa tc xzh"e vodk'k vk tkrk gS r¨ muds meax o g"kZ dh d¨Ã lhek ugha jgrhA ysfdu vc ç'u mBrk gS fd os D;k djsa\ vkSj dgk¡ tk,a\ bUgha eu¨Hkko¨a d¨ è;ku esa j[kdj cPp¨a ds xzh"e vodk'k d¨ eu¨jatd o [kq'kuqek cukus ds mÌs'; ls fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh] lj¨tuh uxj esa o"kZ 2013 esa twu ekl esa fofHké dk;ZØe¨a dk vk;¨tu fd;k x;kA ekg ds çR;sd cqèkokj d¨ LV¨jh Vsfyax ls'ku rFkk fQYe 'k¨ dk vk;¨tu fd;k x;kA 7 twu d¨ lkbal odZ'kki] 20 twu d¨ FkEc isafVax odZ'kki] 21 twu d¨ isij Q¨fYMax odZ'kki rFkk 27 ,oa 28 twu d¨ j¨y Iys odZ'kki dk vk;¨tu fd;k x;kA

cPps Lo;a ,d vuwBs dFkk y¨d esa fopj.k djus yxrs vkSj Lo;a dgkuh x<+us yxrsA dgkfu;¨a ds lkFk&lkFk cPp¨a d¨ muls lacafèkr fp= cukus d¨ fn, x, vkSj ysf[kdkvksa us Lojfpr iqLrdsa Hkh cPp¨a d¨ iqjLdkj Lo:i çnku dhA cPp¨a }kjk cuk, x, bu fp=¨a d¨ ckn esa iqLrdky; gky esa çnÆ'kr fd;k x;kA çR;sd LV¨jh Vsfyax ls'ku ds mijkar cPp¨a d¨ fQYe 'k¨ fn[kk;k x;k ftlesa fpYMªu fQYe l¨lkbVh }kjk iqjLd`r fQYesa cPp¨a d¨ fn[kkà xÃA lkbal odZ'kki dk fo"k; Fkk “How to make your own Solar Cooker” bl odZ'kki dk vk;¨tu fn-i-yk- us çFke QkmaMs'ku ds lg;¨x ls fd;k FkkA QkmaMs'ku ls Jh vk'kqr¨"k mikè;k; rFkk mudh Vhe us cPp¨a d¨ l¨yj dqdj cukus esa ekxZn'kZu fn;kA cPp¨a us dkMZ c¨MZ] isij] Fke¨Zd¨y] flYoj Q¨by vkfn dk bLrseky dj l¨yj dwdj cuk;kA ;g dwdj ek= ekMy ugha Fkk cfYd Active l¨yj dqdj Fkk ftlesa lw;Z ds çdk'k ls [kkuk cuk;k tk ldrk FkkA var esa l¨yj dwdj dh mi;¨fxrk ds lacaèk esa oSKkfud rF;¨a ij tkudkjh nh xÃA

LV¨jh Vsfyax ls'ku ds çR;sd lIrkg cqèkokj d¨ pkj ls'ku vk;¨ftr fd, x, ftuesa tkuh ekuh ysf[kdkvksa d¨ vkeaf=r fd;k x;k FkkA bafnjk ckxph] 'kf'k tSu] {kek 'kekZ rFkk fxfjtk jkuh vLFkkuk us cPp¨a d¨ dgkuh lqukÃA budk dgkuh lqukus dk <+x a FkEc isafVax odZ'kki cPp¨a ds fy, ,d vuwBk viuk&viuk FkkA ;s dgkuh gh ugha lqukrs Fks cfYd vuqHko FkkA cPp¨a d¨ odZ'kki esa vaxwBs o gkFk dh cPp¨a d¨ vkèks dFkk lalkj esa N¨M+dj rjg&rjg ds vaxqfy;¨a ds ekè;e ls fp=¨a esa jax Hkjuk fl[kk;k ç'u iwNrs Fks vkSj bu ç'u¨a dk mRrj <wa<rs&<wa<rs 20


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý x;kA ,sls djrs le; cPps cgqr mRlkfgr FksA tSls&tSls os fp= esa jax Hkjrs jgs] mudh dYiuk dk vöqr lalkj fp=¨a ds ekè;e ls lk{kkr g¨rk x;kA i'kq&if{k;¨a] isM+&i©èk¨a] ckny¨a esa gkFk gh N¨Vh&N¨Vh vaxqfy;¨a ls Hkjk jax cgqr gh lqanj o ltho yx jgk FkkA

ukVd çLrqfr;ka muds }kjk çLrqr dh xb±A t¨ cPps igys fnu c¨yus esa f>>d eglwl dj jgs Fks] nwljs fnu ,dk,d okdiVq g¨ mBs vkSj cgqr vPNs <+ax ls viuk fdjnkj fuHkkus yxsA çFke QkmaMs'ku ds dk;ZdrkZvksa us okLro esa brus de le; esa cPp¨a dh vfHku; çfrHkk d¨ mHkkjdj lcd¨ j¨ekafpr dj fn;k vkSj d{k esa cSBs cPp¨a ds vfHkHkkod Hkh ;g isij Q¨fYMax vkVZ ,aM Øk¶V odZ'kki esa cPp¨a ns[kdj vR;ar gÆ"kr gq,A us c<+&p<+dj Hkkx fy;kA vc rd cPps ykbczsjh ds dkQh djhc vk pqds Fks vkSj bl odZ'kki esa bl çdkj twu ekg esa bu lHkh odZ'kki esa cgqr gh [kq'kh o meax ls Hkkx ys jgs FksA çFke cPp¨a ds lkFk&lkFk muds vfHkHkkod¨a us Hkh xgjh ds dk;ZdrkZ cPp¨a d¨ isij dfVax o Q¨fYMax }kjk :fp fn[kkà vkSj le; ij cPp¨a d¨ odZ'kki esa fofHké vkd`fr;k¡] ekLd o cMZ vkfn cukuk lh[kk Hkstus esa lg;¨x fn;kA vkÆFkd :i ls det¨j jgs Fks vkSj cPps Hkh bu vn~Hkqr d`R;¨a esa eXu FksA cPp¨a dk fo'ks"k è;ku j[krs gq, ykbczsjh }kjk mUgsa dqN gh le; esa cPp¨a us ekLd o cMZ cuk fy, lHkh lkexzh tSls isij] c¨MZ] dyj vkfn miyCèk rFkk os ekLd eq¡g esa yxkdj Q¨V¨ f[kapokus yxs djk, x,A cPp¨a d¨ çR;sd fnu VkQh&fcLdqV Hkh fn, x,A lHkh cPp¨a o muds vfHkHkkod¨a dh vksj ,sls djrs le; mudh meax ns[krs curh FkhA ls bu dk;ZØe¨a ds çfr ldkjkRed çfrfØ;k feyh bu dk;ZØe¨a dh vafre Ük`a[kyk esa cPp¨a ds rFkk mUg¨aus le;&le; ij bl çdkj ds dk;ZØe fy, n¨ fnolh; j¨y Iys odZ'kki dk vk;¨tu vk;¨ftr djus dk vkxzg fd;k vkSj var esa cPps fd;k x;kA bl odZ'kki esa igys cPp¨a d¨ vfHku; o muds vfHkHkkod cgqr gh çlUufpr voLFkk esa ds ewyHkwr rRo¨a dh tkudkjh nh xÃA vfHku; ykbczsjh ls fonk gq,A djrs le; fdu&fdu ckr¨a d¨ è;ku esa j[kuk gS\ vfHku; dSls djuk gS\ dSls c¨yuk gS\ dSls Hkko mÆeyk j©rsyk çnÆ'kr djus gSa\ cgqr ckjhdh ls fl[kk;k x;k rFkk iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk lgk;d nwljs fnu rhu lewg esa cPp¨a d¨ foHkkftr dj rhu fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh lj¨tuh uxj

21


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

èkweèkke ls euk;k x;k ckck lkgsc dk tUefnol fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh ds deZpkfj;ksa }kjk gj o"kZ dh Hkkafr bl ckj Hkh ckck lkgsc Mk- Hkhejko vacsMdj th dk tUe fnol 15 vçSy] 2013 d¨ fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh ds eq[;ky; ifjlj esa cM+h èkweèkke ls euk;k x;kA

tw>rs gq, ckck lkgsc us viuk thou O;rhr fd;k rFkk fcuk gkj ekus foHkktd 'kfDr;¨a ls fujarj la?k"kZ dj Hkkjr o"kZ d¨ mldk x©jo çnku fd;k] Hkkjr d¨ mldk lafoèkku fn;kA Jh banzthr flag] ,y-lh- us vihy dh fd gesa ckck lkgsc ds vkn'k¨± dk vuqlj.k djuk pkfg, rFkk HksnHkko d¨ eu ls fudkydj fodkl ,oa méfr dh l¨p j[kuh pkfg,A tc rd ge vius eu ls HksnHkko ugha feVk,axsa rFkk çk.kh ek= d¨ leku ugha le>saxsa rc rd ge lgh ek;us esa ckck lkgsc dk eku ugha j[k ik,axsaA mUgsa lEeku nsuk gS r¨ gesa viuh ekufldrk LoLFk j[kuh gh g¨xhA

bl volj ij laLFkk ds Jh ,p-vkj- ehuk] mifuns'kd ¼ç'kk-½ ,oa ofj"B iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vfèkdkjh }kjk nhi çTofyr dj dk;ZØe dk 'kqHkkjaHk fd;k x;kA Jh ,e-lh- jkxou] lykgdkj rFkk Jh ch-,y- ehuk] iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk vfèkdkjh ds lkFk&lkFk ykbczsjh ds vU; vfèkdkfj;¨a@deZpkfj;¨a us ckck lkgc d¨ J)k lqeu vÆir fd,A ykbczsjh ds vke ikBd¨a us Hkh ckck lkgc ds le{k ureLrd bl ikou volj ij fn-i-yk- ds vfèkdkfj;¨a g¨dj J)k lqeu vÆir fd,A lfgr vU; deZpkjh Hkh mifLFkr FksA bl 'kqHk volj ij Jh egsna z flag] ,y-vkbZ-,- us ¼jktsanz dqekj½ ckck lkgsc ds thou ij çdk'k Mkyrs gq, crk;k dsUæh; iqLrdky; fd fdu&fdu fo"ke ifjfLFkfr;¨a rFkk tkr ikr ls

22


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

J)katfy

Kku dk çrhd ¼Mk- Hkhejko vacsMdj½ 23


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

MATHS Maths,

rqe D;k g¨ Hkkà ,dne esjh le> ugha vkrsA “Plus, Minus, Division, Multiply

;g lc eq>s D;¨a ugha HkkrsA dgha Equation gS] dgha Geometry dgha Surface Area gS] dgha Volume vjs! rqEgkjs vanj yk[k¨a QkeZwys lekrsA Maths gekjk ihNk N¨M+¨] dgha vkSj dk jkLrk <wa<¨A Maths ugha i<saxs ge] r¨ D;k cM+k vkneh ugha cusaxsa geA Maths rqe eq> d¨ vPNh ugha yxrh] cnlwjr lh rqe yxrh g¨] vaxzsth] fganh ds vkxs rqe T;knk ugha pyrh g¨A cPp¨a d¨ rqe rax djrh g¨] thuk mudk gjke djrh g¨A esjh le> rqe ugha vkrh] flj ds Åij ls ges'kk tkrhA fQj Hk¨yh lh lwjr cukdj] esjs fnekx d¨ rqe [kkrhA vPNk ;g r¨ rqe crkvks] rqe Male g¨ ;k Female, le> ugha vkrk rqEgkjk eq>d¨ ;g [ksyA dgha Polynomials gS] dgha Heron’s Formula dgha Construction gS r¨ dgha Statistics ysfdu vc cl----cgqr [ksy fy, rqeus [ksy] dj fy;k gesa cgqr ijs'kkuA vc vkf[kjh ckj dg jgh gS fclfeYyk mldh èkedh le>¨ ;k lykg] Hkkx tkvks bl lalkj ls] dHkh u vkuk okil ojuk 420 dk èkCck yxkdj dj nsxh rq>s tsy ds vanjA fclfeYyk felc Xth & ch 387] g©tdkth] xyh dVjk] 'ks[k jkatk fnYyh 24


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

volj ij viuk uke jVk nwaxhA rkjhQ¨a ds >aMs iwjs Ldwy esa ygjok nwaxhA mudh tcku ij uke g¨xk flQZ esjk gh esjkA vQl¨l t¨ cqus Fks lius eSaus pdukpwj g¨ x, igyh gh Dykl esaA >wB ugha lp c¨yw¡xhA fnu esa ns[ks gq, ;k dg yhft, [kqyh vka[k¨a ls ns[ks gq, liu¨a d¨ lkdkj djus ds fy, volj vk, Fks yk[k¨a esjs ikl] ysfdu eSa gh ugha mBk ikà mudk Qk;nk ,d Hkh ckjA cl esjh fgpfdpkgV] dfe;¨a vkSj Mj us dqN ugha gkfly djus fn;k eq>sA ysfdu ;g dSls Hkwy ldrh gw¡ eSa-------- esjh lgikBh nhik us vius nkeu esa vkus okys gj volj dk pqu&pqudj Qk;nk mBk;kA eSe ds iwNs gj ç'u dk mRrj eSe d¨ c[kwch mlus lquk;kA esjs ns[ks lkjs lius dj xà og iy&Hkj esa gkflyA vc r¨ Dykl esa xwatrh gS mlds uke dh gh rkjhQA volj¨a d¨ Bqdjkuk iM+ jgk gS eq>s HkkjhA fdlh us Bhd gh dgk gS& ^^t¨ volj [k¨ nsrs gSa] os thou Hkj j¨rs gSaA** [kSj [kqnk ds 'kqØ ls x, gq, le; ds fQj ls u y©V ikus dh xf.kr eq>s vPNh rjg le> vk xà gSA lp t¨ volj¨a dk Qk;nk ugha mBkrk] vius Mj vkSj dfe;¨a ij dkcw ugha ikrk] mlds gkFk iNrkos ds vykok dqN ugha yxrk gSA

^^volj** ,d y¶t gS] t¨ esjs dku¨a esa xwat jgk gS u tkus dc lsA ftanxh esa eq>s Hkh dj¨M+¨a volj feys ;k dg yhft, ftanxh us eq>s Hkh yk[k¨a volj fn,A dgha Qk;ns gq,] dgha uqdlku Hkjus iM+saA uqdlku D;¨a Hkjus iM+s] bldk eq[; dkj.k ;g jgk fd eSa viuh >¨yh esa vkus okys volj¨a dh lgh igpku ugha dj ldhA nqckjk y©Vdj fQj vk,axsa] ;gh l¨pdj muls eq¡g Qsjrh xÃA viuh dfe;¨a vkSj vlQyrk d¨ <+dus ds fy, fdLer dk lgkjk ysrh xÃA lPpkà r¨ ;g gS fd dHkh&dHkh eSa vk, gq, volj¨a d¨ vknj nsus esa pwd xÃA [;ky ls esjs d¨Ã Hkh 'k[l ^^pwd** ls cs[kcj ugha gS D;¨afd ftanxh esa dh gqà ,d pwd fdlh 'k[l dh ftanxh cckZn dj nsrh gS] mldh vka[k¨a ls ikuh ds leqnz cgkrh gSA dÃ;¨a d¨ r¨ uchuk&lwjnkl dj tkrh gSA ^^volj lHkh ds ikl tkrk gSA dqN y¨x mls igpku ysrs gSa] dqN y¨x vkSj vPNs volj dh çrh{kk esa jgrs gSaA bl rjg dqN igpkudj Hkh ugha igpkursA** vksg ! vka[k¨a esa vkalwvksa dh èkkjk cgus ls ;kn vk;kA cM+h iqjkuh ckr gSA rdjhcu ,d & n¨ lky iqjkuh------ Ldwy esa u;k&u;k ços'k ik;k Fkk] gekjh lkÃal dh Vhpj usgk vxzoky usA cgqr ennxkj vkSj lhèkh& lknhA xq.k¨a ls Hkjiwj --- bÙkQkd ls mUgsa gekjh tekr d¨ lkÃal i<+kus dk ftEek fn;k x;kA lc cPps [kq'k Fks eSa Hkh csgn [kq'k Fkh usgk ese d¨ viuh lkÃal dh Vhpj ds :i esa ns[kdjA mQ! crkuk Hkwy xà lkb±l eq>s lcls vPNk lCtsDV yxrk gSA iwjh rS;kjh djs cSBh Fkh fd eSe dh tcku

'kqHk eqgqrZ vkSj 'kqHk ?kM+h dk] er djuk bartkj] t¨ djuk gS vHkh dj¨ thou ds fnu gS pkjA volj ugha vkrs ckj&ckj fclfeYyk felc Xth & ch 387@406] g©tdkth] xyh dVjk] 'ks[k jkatk iqjkuh fnYyh

25


iqLrdky; çxfr tuojh&fnlacj üúûý

liZo`fÙk

esjs uSuk

;g lR; gS vkt bl èkjk ij] fopj.k djrk gS ekuo gh liZ cudjA Ã";k o }s"k dh FkSfy;¨a esa] vukpkj ds fo"k d¨ HkjdjA j[k ysrk gS og ml fo"k d¨] LokFkZ flf) gsrw lafpr djA vius gh Hkkà ds lq[k d¨] Vwd&Vwd djus dh [kkfrjA dkV fy;k djrk gS ekuo] çk;% vius gh Hkkà d¨A vkSj Lo;a gh ns nsrk og] viuh ^^liZo`fRr**”dk ifjp;A

fdrus mTtoy fdrus fueZy esjs uSuk] dHkh fdlh d¨ ugha fn[kkrs nq[k dh jSukA ugha bUgsa gS pkg fdlh Hkh jax :i dh] pkgs d¨;y g¨ ;k g¨ r¨rs dh eSukA fdrus mTtoy -------------------- A pkgs :i cukdj d¨Ã bUgsa yypk,] ;k fQj Lo;a dk eu gh buls Vdjk,A dHkh ugha dh ckr eq>s rqels dqN dguk] fdrus mTtoy ----------------------A vUrd.khZ dh ij[k bUgsa vPNh vkrh gS] t¨ n`f"V ls dHkh ugha ns[kh tkrh gSA nsrs gSa lans'k lnk eqLdkrs jguk] fdrus mTtoy ----------------------A xSj¨a d¨ Hkh uSu feys n`f"V ds lax esa] ij cl xà okluk fgr fprp¨j u;u esaA yfTtr g¨ dgs D;k muls esjh cguk] fdrus mTtoy fdrus fueZy esjs uSukA

jsuw ;kno

jktsanz flag czsy foHkkx fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh

26


jktHkk"kk xfrfofèk;k¡ & fp=¨a ds ekè;e ls


fnYyh ifCyd ykbczsjh (laLร‘fr ea=kky;] Hkkjr ljdkj)

nwjHkk"k%

,l-ih- eq[kthZ ekxZ fnYyh - 110 006

011-23951113/23951115/23951118/23962682/23979297 Website: www.dpl.gov.in, Email: delhipubliclibrary@gmail.com

รงLrqfr ,oa ladyu& fganh d{k

पुस्तकालय प्रगति Pustakalaya pragati magazine  

जन-दिस. 2013 Jan-Dec 2013 दिल्ली पब्लिक लाइब्रेरी की गृह पत्रिका