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Miss La Mesa and Miss Santee Pageants

LA MESA — Torrey Pines Bank has promoted Ryan Vertigan to Senior Vice President and Regional Manager of its East County San Diego market. Mr. Vertigan will be responsible for helping East County businesses with a broad array of deposit, lending and treasury management solutions that help advance their business and streamline their financial operation. The East County market represents a large portion of construction and construction-related firms that have contributed to the bank’s growth through lending activity and liquidity strategies. Mr. Vertigan will draw from his expertise in commercial & industrial underwriting, commercial real estate lending and credit administration to lead the bank’s growth in East County including La Mesa, where its office is located, El Cajon, Spring Valley, Lemon Grove and other communities. Most recently, Mr. Vertigan was senior loan officer of the bank’s Downtown San Diego office and now joins the bank’s other east county banking professionals including Don

Rickman with over 30 years commercial banking experience. Mr. Vertigan draws on 15 years in banking, with the last nine with Torrey Pines Bank. Mr. Vertigan graduated from

the University of California, Santa Barbara with a double major in Business Economics and Political Science. He is a Board Member of the Boys & Girls Clubs of East County.

ALPINE — A new state-of-the-art library is on its way for the community of Alpine. San Diego County Library held a Groundbreaking Ceremony for the new Alpine Library on Friday, March 6. The ceremony was attended by 250 community members and included remarks by S.D. County Supervisor Dianne Jacob, San Diego County Library, the Alpine Library Friends Association, and the project’s architects. “The folks in Alpine are getting the bigger, better library they deserve, and I think they’re going to love it,” said Supervisor Jacob. “It will not only include the latest technology, but will serve as a vital hub for the entire community.” Developed by the design-build team of C.W. Driver, Ferguson Pape Baldwin Architects, and Architect Manuel Oncina, the new library will measure 12,700 square feet, which is more than four times the size of the current facility. It is the first Zero Net Energy building that the County of San Diego has built, meaning that the energy used to run the building will be completely offset by the solar panels on the roof. Other features include an expanded collection of materials, large children’s area, teen and tweens spaces, study areas, a homework center, wireless internet and a computer lab, a Resource Room, and automated book check-in and check-out. The library will also feature permanent art installations that reflect the spirit and culture of Alpine. “The new Alpine Library will be a one-of-a-kind gathering place for the community,” said Library Director José Aponte. “Our buildings reflect the unique communities we serve and are all built to the highest standards in terms of sustainability and technological advancement.” For more information regarding San Diego County Library, visit www.sdcl.org.


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The East County Herald strongly believes in the freedom of speech and the rights of all sides of an issue to be heard. The letters and guest opinions/commentaries published herein present differing points of view, not necessarily reflecting those of the publisher, The Herald or it’s advertisers. Note: Letters and opinion/commentary pieces may be edited due to space restrictions. Send all letters, opinions/commentaries to: editor@echerald.com

f voters get annoyed and sick of seeing paid petition circulators outside their favorite big box stores during the next 15 months, they will have only themselves to blame. Low voter turnout is one big reason to expect a larger-than ever proliferation of ballot initiatives looking to share the fall 2016 ballot with presidential and U.S. Senate candidates. If you didn’t vote last year, you’re part of the reason for any upcoming initiative annoyances. As usual, it will take valid signatures amounting to 5 percent of the total vote in the last general election to qualify an ordinary initiative for the ballot and 8 percent to put a constitutional amendment before the voters. One year ago, those percentages meant it took just over 504,000 signatures for a regular initiative to become a proposition and about 807,000 for a constitutional change. The extreme low November turnout means it will take only about 366,000 and 586,000 voter signatures, respectively, this time. That lowers the cost to qualify measures by well over $1 million each and allows a wide variety of interest groups frustrated by legislative inaction on their pet causes to circulate petitions in the next few months. There is, of course, no rush. In previous election cycles, some initiative sponsors sought to get their proposals onto the June primary election ballot. But since passage of a 2012 law that consolidates all voter-qualified measures on the fall ballot, there have been no initiatives to vote on in June. This makes the primary ballot less interesting and helps lower turnout then. Because initiative sponsors have almost six months to gather their signatures, they don’t really have to get serious until autumn of this year at the earliest. Democrats passed the fall-only law knowing voter turnout is far larger in November elections than in primaries, often doubling or tripling the spring numbers. November voters are on average much younger and more ethnic than in June, a trend that escalates in presidential election years like 2016. All this will likely translate into as long a ballot as Californians have ever seen, even surpassing some of the book-length ones of the 1990s. Anti-tax activists warn of a proliferation of proposed new and renewed levies, including an extension of the 2012 Proposition 30 sales and income tax hikes, parts of which expire at the end of next year. They warn of a renewed bid for a state oil extraction tax – California remains the only oil-producing state that does not tax drilling by the barrel. Opponents warn this could cause higher gas prices, and it might also dampen industry enthusiasm for hydraulic fracking of reserves in the Monterey Shale geologic formation stretching from Monterey and San Benito counties south into Los Angeles, Kern and Ventura counties. Anti-tax folks also fear an initiative to slap another $2 atop the current 87-cent tax on each pack of cigarettes. This one would be billed as a boost for public health. And they worry about a proposal to lower Proposition 13’s two-thirds-majority requirement for passage of school bonds and parcel taxes either to a simple majority or to the 55 percent now needed to pass school construction bonds. Already qualified is a referendum to eliminate the legislatively-passed statewide ban on plastic grocery bags, which would leave that issue purely a local decision. This would allow bag manufacturers – first to take advantage of the lowered signature thresholds – to continue selling nine billion more plastic bags in the state yearly than if the ban becomes effective. It’s not unheard-of for voters to reverse decisions by their elected lawmakers. They did it last fall by overturning state approval of an off-reservation Indian casino and they did it in 1982, nixing the so-called “Peripheral Canal” plan for bringing additional Northern California river water to Central Valley farms and Southern California. Besides all these measures, marijuana proponents will likely present a plan to legalize pot completely and tax it, a la Colorado. There also could be an effort to alter Proposition 13 to tax commercial real estate at higher rates than residential property. A minimum wage increase proposal is also in the works, as are several ideas for changing public employee pensions. Put it together and the prospects are high for an initiative carnival, one of California’s most interesting and important ballots ever.

Elias is author of the current book “The Burzynski Breakthrough: The Most Promising Cancer Treatment and the Government’s Campaign to Squelch It. The book is now available in soft cover, fourth edition. His opinions are his own. He can be reached at tdelias@aol.com

. I have found that I don’t sleep as well as I used to when I was younger. How common is this?

Many people believe that poor sleep is a normal part of aging, but it is not. Sleep patterns change as we age, but disturbed sleep and waking up tired every day are not part of normal aging. Seniors need about the same amount of sleep as younger adults—seven to nine hours a night. Unfortunately, many older adults don’t get the sleep they need, because they often have more trouble falling asleep. A study of adults over 65 found that 13 percent of men and 36 percent of women take more than 30 minutes to fall asleep. Also, older people often sleep less deeply and wake up more often throughout the night, which may be why they nap more often during the daytime. Nighttime sleep schedules may change with age too. Many older adults tend to get sleepier earlier in the evening and awaken earlier in the morning.

• Go to sleep and wake up at the same time, even on weekends. Sticking to a regular bedtime and wake time schedule helps keep you in sync with your body’s circadian clock, a 24-hour internal rhythm affected by sunlight. • Try not to nap too much during the day—you might be less sleepy at night. • Try to exercise at regular times each day. Exercising regularly improves the quality of your nighttime sleep and helps you sleep more soundly. Try to finish your workout at least three hours before bedtime. • Try to get some natural light in the afternoon each day. • Be careful about what you eat. Don’t drink beverages with caffeine late in the day. Caffeine is a stimulant and can keep you awake. Also, if you like a snack before bed, a warm beverage and a few crackers may help. • Don’t drink alcohol or smoke cigarettes to help you sleep. Even small amounts of alcohol can make it harder to stay asleep. Smoking is dangerous for many reasons, including the hazard of falling asleep with a lit cigarette. Also, the nicotine in cigarettes is a stimulant. • Create a safe and comfortable place to sleep. Make sure there are locks on all doors and smoke alarms on each floor. A lamp that’s easy to turn on and a phone by your bed may be helpful. The room should be dark, well ventilated, and as quiet as possible. • Develop a bedtime routine. Do the same things each night to tell your body that it’s time to wind down. Some people watch the evening news, read a book, or soak in a warm bath. • Use your bedroom for sleeping, not daytime activities. After turning off the light, give yourself about 15 minutes to fall asleep. If you are still awake and not drowsy, get out of bed. When you get sleepy, go back to bed. • Try not to worry about your sleep. Some people find that playing mental games is helpful. For example, tell yourself it’s five minutes before you have to get up and you’re just trying to get a few extra winks. If you are so tired during the day that you cannot function normally and if this lasts for more than two to three weeks, you should see your family doctor or a sleep disorders specialist.

Ask The Healthy Geezer a question at: fred@healthygeezer.com


n unlikely drug, already marketed to treat overactive bladder, has triggered the regrowth of myelin in mice. Researchers from the University at Buffalo have discovered a way to jump start myelin repair using a drug meant to treat overactive bladder. The breakthrough, announced in a recent study, could pave the way for reversal of nerve damage seen in many neurological conditions, including Multiple Sclerosis (MS). A team led by Fraser Sim, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmacology, discovered that using solifenacin helped cells that make myelin, known as oligodendrocytes, do their job. In MS, the fatty myelin insulation covering nerves in the spinal cord and brain is destroyed by immune cells. This results in the interruption of signals from the brain to the rest of the body. Symptoms

ferentiate into myelinating oligodendrocytes.” A progenitor cell is a step up from a stem cell. It’s already on its way to becoming a specific type of adult cell, but it needs a boost to trigger that action. Sim and his team discovered this final transformation was being blocked. A receptor on the surface of the progenitor cells had been activated and the cells got stuck. This same receptor is present on the surface of the smooth wall of the bladder. When it’s activated, contractions can occur leading to overactive bladder. The contractions can be controlled with the use of solifenacin, which works by blocking the receptor. This sparked the research team to wonder if the drug could help the stuck progenitor cells, too. In order to measure how damaged nerves functioned before and after the treatment, Sim teamed up with Richard J. Salvi, Ph.D., director of the Center for Hearing and Deaf-

range from mild numbness and tingling to memory loss to balance and mobility problems. “In MS, myelin is damaged,” Dr. Jack Burks, chief medical officer of the Multiple Sclerosis Association of America (MSAA) said. The damage “is followed by repair with more myelin producing cells being recruited to the damaged area. Unfortunately, as MS progresses, this repair mechanism is slowed.” “Our hypothesis is that in MS, the oligodendrocyte progenitor cells seem to get stuck,” Sim explained in a press release. “When these cells don’t mature properly, they don’t dif-

ness at University at Buffalo. They transplanted human oligodendrocytes treated with solifenacin into hearing-impaired mice unable to grow myelin. It takes a specific length of time for a signal to pass from the ear, once a sound is heard, to the front part of the brain for processing. “So in the readout,” said Sim, “you get waves that should have a certain time pattern. When there isn’t enough myelin, the signaling slows down. And if you add myelin, you should see the signals speed up.” In the mice with transplanted cells, the response time improved. It’s still too early to

tell if their success with mice will translate to humans, but Sim and his team are determined to find out. He said he and his team will be testing their theory in humans soon. “The planned trial is small and does not require much in the way of external funding,” he said. It’s too soon to know when the study will get under way. “Without funding in place this is very difficult to precisely say,” Sim added. For the treated cells to get beyond the tight junctures of the blood-brain barrier and do their job effectively, the stem cells will have to be transplanted in an intracranial procedure. Sim is part of the NYSTEM consorpro tium experimenting with a procedure to implant human cells into MS patients using similar procedures. This latest development comes during MS Awareness month. Figuring out what trig triggers MS and how the disease unfolds has been challeng challenging for scientists. Little progress has been made regarding myelin repair, the holy grail of MS research. Since solifenacin is already FDA approved, if human studies show the same promise as the preclinical experiments, the path to myelin repair could be a short one. The MSAA is cautiously optimistic. Because this study was only conducted with mice, it’s too early to tell if it will truly repair damage in people with MS, but Burks points out that “other remyelination research projects in MS patient trials are ongoing. For example, antiLingo monoclonal antibody therapy is one of the drugs already in clinical trials. The

Dean has been fighting Multiple Sclerosis for 28 years. She continually studies and researches the disease to educate herself. She writes this column as a community service to share her findings and to raise public awareness about MS. The opinions and experiences shared are her own. Dean is NOT a medical doctor. ALWAYS check with your doctor first before trying a new therapy. This column is intended for informational purposes only.

When sellers list their home, they hire a professional agent. They sign a contract for performance and compensation outlining their desired terms. If the professional performs, she is compensated. The agent is motivated to get the job done because they know that if they work hard and do well, they will be paid. Not so with some agents working with buyers. That is unless you hire a buyers agent. • I want to see properties up to 50 miles from my work. • I want to see a home as soon as it comes up on the market. • I want to revisit a home two times before I make an offer. • I want my parents and uncle to see it before I buy it. • I am only available to see homes after work.

• I can only see properties on Saturday and Sunday. • I want to offer a lower price no matter what the listing price is. • Send me 100 internet listings then I will ask you questions on them. • Find out why the internet listing is wrong. • Find out why the home around the corner is not in the MLS. • The listing agent tells me a different story; to whom am I to trust?” Then the agent might receive a call that goes like this: “I put in an offer with the listing agent to save on closing costs, get a lower price, beat out other offers and because they were at the open house.” What I just described was perhaps a wonderful buyer who deserved a better agent. A

better agent who sophisticated the buyer up front. A professional agent develops wonderful trust and explains how the home screening process is performed by the agent. The process takes serious time on the agent’s part and yields only the “Best Fit / Available Properties” to the buyer. This saves the buyer time and frustration and makes the shopping for a home both efficient and enjoyable. This professional agent uses a Buyer broker agreement outlining the duties and responsibilities of the professional agent and states that for a specified period of time, as long as the agent remains true to his or her promise, the buyer commits to using that agent to purchase a property. A buyer broker agreement is the first and perhaps most telling sign that you found the BEST Buyer’s Agent.

With decades of experience, Jeff shares his views, tips, trends and advice with East County readers as it pertains to everything and anything real estate. Jeff Campbell & Associates are San Diego County REALTORS ® with the Concierge Real Estate Firm of Pacific Growth Sales. Jeff can be reached at MyFavoriteRealtor@yahoo.com

reetings precious people, this week we will continue our series addressing whether evil and wickedness exists. Last time we looked at the hesitancy of our culture to call evil and wickedness for what it is, evil and wickedness. We also looked at what evil and wickedness is as defined in the Word of God the Bible. Evil and wickedness is the act of knowingly going against what God has mandated; making a conscious decision to disobey the known will of God. This obviously is in direct conflict with the popular philosophy and opinion of our day that insists that everyone has good in them; that our “misactions and misdeeds” are not our fault but the fault of someone or something else. Let us now look at how evil and wickedness began. In Isaiah 14:12-17 “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, you who weakened the nations! For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation on the farthest sides of the north; I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will be like the Most High.’ Yet you shall be brought down to Sheol, to the lowest depths of the Pit. “Those who see you will gaze at you, and consider you, saying: ‘Is this the man who made the earth tremble, who shook kingdoms, who made the world as a wilderness and destroyed its cities.” Lucifer, aka Satan; the Devil was not satisfied to do this evil by himself, he somehow convinced a third of the angles to join him in his rebellion against God. After this they turned their attention toward God’s creation, specifically the crown of His creation, man. In the Garden of Eden, Satan came to Eve drawing her and eventually Adam into his rebellion as is recorded in Genesis 3:1-8, “Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’ “ Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings. And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.” Mankind has suffered the consequences of Adam and Eve’s rebellion ever since. This rebelliousness which manifests itself through a variety of evil and wicked works can be viewed through out history beginning with Cain murdering his brother Abel, continuing and increasing until the time of Noah when we read in Genesis 6:5-13 “Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And the Lord was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. So the Lord said, “I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth, both man and beast, creeping thing and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them…. The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence. So God looked upon the earth, and indeed it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth. And God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me, for the earth is filled with violence through them; and behold, I will destroy them with the earth.” Man, as we just read, gave himself over to unrestrained evil, acting upon that which is within his heart, Jeremiah 17:9 “The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked; who can know it?” The evil actions of man does not make the heart of that man evil, it simply proves that the heart of man is evil. Jesus tells us Mark 7:19-23 “And He said, “What comes out of a man, that defiles a man. For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lewdness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness. All these evil things come from within and defile a man.” Drew Macintyre is associate pastor of Calvary Chapel of Alpine and can be reached at 619-445-2589, or ccalpinemac@gmail.com



veryone likes being in control. It’s hard to be in control of your life when you’re disabled. After my neck surgery I have even less control but I’m working on getting my muscles back to “normal” every day. The bad part - someone’s always bugging me to do more exercises. Around here, to be in control you need to be able to drive. I’ve always wished I could drive but because of my cerebral palsy I can’t control my foot spasms so I can’t. When I want to go somewhere I have to ask someone and wait for them to be ready before I can go. I used to use El Cajon Diala-Ride. That was pretty good but then they stopped providing the service. After that I used Wheels, but they never showed up on time and sometimes they didn’t show up at all. One time I had to call Dad from the mall because Wheels didn’t show up to take me home. Other times they made me late for my doctor appointments. After a while I got tired of them never coming on time so I stopped using them. Then MTS Access came into business but I never went on that because I heard they’re really bad. They show up late and they don’t show up when they’re supposed to. I depend on Mom to take me places. It would be better if I could

drive. Control’s important. Like now: I’m hungry and I want a ham and cheese sandwich but I can’t just go make one. If I keep working on moving better, I’ll be able to do that. For now, I have to wait until Mom is ready to make the sandwich. Meanwhile I’m really, really hungry. Plus she never puts enough mayo on the sandwich. I like LOTS of mayo, but Mom says that’s too many calories so she spreads the mayo real thin. If I were in control, I’d plaster the mayo all over the bread. I used to get up in the middle of the night and go out to the kitchen and eat a bunch of chocolate chip cookies and open a can of Sprite. Boy, that was good! Now I can’t even get up and go to the bathroom by myself. After the surgery I had a catheter – I hated that. When I came home from rehab, I had to get Mom to hold the urinal for me. Finally, I can stand up and go now, holding on to the sink and a handrail. My aim isn’t too good – but I’m working on that, too. When I was in control I went on bus tours to Disneyland and Universal Studios all by myself. I made all my doctor appointments and ordered my meds. Cell phones are great. If Mom can’t drive me, I call my brothers or my cousins and ask them to take me.

The Grossmont Healthcare District (GHD), a public agency that supports various health-related community programs and services in San Diego’s East County region, has launched its newly redesigned website, www.grossmonthealthcare.org. “The board is pleased with our fully revamped website and its user-friendly interface that will help our constituents become better informed of the District, our partnership with Sharp HealthCare, and the programs we offer,” said Robert “Bob” Ayres, 2015 GHD board president. “The new site effectively organizes content about the District into an easy-to-navigate format, which will improve efforts to communicate the District’s supportive role in the community to address the area’s unmet health care needs.” The upgraded site features an easy-to-use content management system, allowing visitors quick access and streamlined transparency to all public documents, including agendas, meeting minutes, budgets, presentation documents, reports and memos. Included is a page where constituents can communicate with District officials to request information. In addition, the site includes pages on relevant GHD activities, including recent news stories and information about the James G. Stieringer Conference Center, a popular venue used for meetings by community groups and nonprofits. The homepage, with search functionality as well as headers, drop-down and drop-side menus, provides a gateway for Internet users of all ages. Links in bright colors connect users to details about the District’s support of various organizations that address community healthcare needs, along with the District’s history, elected board of directors, and its relationship to Sharp HealthCare.


I still make my appointments and order my meds. I like talking to the pharmacists at Walgreens. They’re real friendly and they’re open twenty-four hours so I can call them any time. Another thing: it’s hard to be disabled and a perfectionist. If you ever watched me sign my name – I can only print - you’d know I have to have things perfect. If there’s a gap in the circle of the “a,” I have to fill it in before I write the next letter. I can’t wait to have more control over my life. Once I can walk again and move around, I won’t have all the control I’d like, but it’ll be a lot more than I have now. I can handle being disabled; I’m used to that. Besides, with my charm I can always – well, sometimes – get someone to help me when I can’t manage something myself. If you’re disabled and you want control, you have to use everything you’ve got.

DSU’s College of Extended Studies is helping individuals build their construction careers by offering a wide variety of online certificate programs for an industry that faces a shortage of skilled workers nationwide. The San Diego Daily Transcript reports: “The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that the construction industry’s need for workers will grow twice as fast as the average for all industries and the industry will face a workforce shortage of 1.6 million workers by 2022.” Even if you’re new to the industry, SDSU’s College of Extended Studies offers four online construction certificate programs that will help you create your new future in this growing industry: Civil Sitework, Construction Estimating, Construction Practices, and Construction Supervision. These programs are all designed to provide practical on-the-job skills that you can use right away. Online courses begin Monday, April 6; the last day to register is Monday, April 13. “The course improved my work performance and I have more confidence in sizing up my projects and working with other construction professionals,” said student Greg Bussey. “Most of my colleagues have field time but aren’t sure how to get promoted to senior positions. The SDSU program would help them tremen-

Also included on the site is updated information on a number of infrastructure construction projects being financed by Proposition “G,” a $247 million bond measure voters approved in June 2006. Bond-financed construction currently underway at the hospital is expected to continue over the next few years and meet patient-care needs well into the future. The “Prop. G Investor Relations” tab links everyday users to financial information filed with government oversight agencies. The site also offers a link to the website for the Dr. William C. Herrick Community Health Care Library, a public library operated by the District. Opened in 2002, the Herrick Library is a consumer health public library specializing in health research information, accessible both on-site and via the Internet. District officials said the cleaner layout for seamless page content and consistent site-wide navigation system enhances compatibility through either a desktop or the latest web browsers and devices, including smartphones, tablets or mobile devices. “We want the taxpayers in our community to be informed about the public agency in a condensed, orderly and positive manner,” said Barry Jantz, GHD CEO. “The new site offers greater simplicity and visual engagement, as well as flexibility and functionality for the benefit of District residents.”

The nine Chick-fil-A restaurants in San Diego County, including the restaurant in Santee at 9418 Mission Gorge Road, in support of the American Diabetes Association’s “Alert Day,” will reward customers with a free food giveaway on Tuesday, March 24. Held annually on the fourth Tuesday in March, the ADA’s Alert Day encourages people to find out their

dously.” The College of Extended Studies is a state-approved provider for the federal Workforce Investment Act, MyCAA, and veterans’ benefits for these programs, which are offered in cooperation with the Associated General Contractors of America and endorsed by the San Diego Chapter of the American Society of Professional Estimators. For an online demo, go to ConstructionClasses.com/ demo course. For additional information, visit neverstoplearning.net/construction, email construction-ces@sdsu. edu or call (619) 594-0670. “I recommend this program for its convenient online course, cost, and hands-on application,” said student Mark Sisson. Student John Balistreri added: “I have been estimating for 13 years and these courses have helped with my advancement.” SDSU’s College of Extended Studies reaches out to San Diego, the nation, and the world with a wide variety of lifelong learning opportunities, and more than 50 certificate programs for career advancement. Other opportunities include seminars, study abroad, corporate education and access to regular SDSU classes through Open University. For more information or to register, visit neverstoplearning.net or call (619) 2657378 (SDSU).

risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by taking the ADA’s diabetes risk test at www.diabetes.org/socalalert. The risk test, consisting of eight questions covering such topics as family history, weight and age, takes less than 60 seconds to complete. Anyone who visits a local Chick-fil-A restaurant between the hours of 11 a.m. and 8 p.m. on March 24, and shows proof they completed the diabetes risk test, will receive their choice of a free Chick-fil-A grilled chicken sandwich entrée or a free eight-piece grilled nugget entrée. Proof can include either a printout from the website page or show the risk test’s final page on a smart phone. No personal information or test results will be collected. No purchase is required. Limit of one free entree per customer per day. Not valid with meals purchases. Chick-fil-A restaurants in San Diego County are located in Chula Vista, Encinitas, Oceanside, San Marcos, Santee, Escondido and in San Diego on Sports Arena Blvd., Camino Ruiz in Mira Mesa and Carmel Mountain Road in Carmel Mountain Ranch. For addresses and directions, visit www.chick-fil-a.com.

The Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians has selected Xpera CM, a San Diego-based construction management consulting firm, to provide construction management services for a second hotel tower at the Viejas Casino in Alpine. Construction is currently underway, and a topping out ceremony is planned for March 20. Completion is scheduled for November. The four-star resort project includes a new five-story, 109-room hotel tower, including a top-floor technology suite, added gaming floor, specialty bar, ballroom, meeting and board rooms, resort-style pool and extensive multi-use grounds.

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