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ELEMENTS OF ART

Monolouge For this publication we asked one of our partners at Weiss Graphic to contribute an artwork for our article. Weiss Graphic is an independent design agency that provides visual branding and other graphic design services. It is based on Jakarta, Indonesia (just like us btw). We started meeting with various people, each with enthusiastic possibilities of partnership. We hope on our future projects we could bring new contents to our publication with help of our partners.

To be honest we are a bit late of our schedule. Preparing content was taking time more than it usually did. Even with the help of Weiss Graphic to prepare illustrations we are still behind. Our plans are also being rearranged. We had a one year plan of our publication, but it turns out it needed some adjustments, and rearranging stuffs that is already done is quite time consuming. Aside of all the rants we would like to thank our partner for their great help, and also our (few) readers for waiting patiently and for the positive inputs we received.

Looking forward for our next publication.

Cover Image: “Tribute to Ludwig Mies van der Rohe: God is in the details� by Brian Alvin Hananto of Weiss Graphic

In chemistry and physics, elements is the simplest and basic substance. In art, the elements are simplest aspects that

www.behance.net/brianalvin

composes the artwork. The seven elements are, in no particular

www.kreavi.com/briantalvin

order, line; shape; form; space; texture; color; tone or value.

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ELEMENTS OF ART

ELEMENTS OF ART

I

n chemistry and physics, elements is the simplest and basic substance. In art, the elements are simplest aspects

that composes the artwork. The seven elements are, in no particular order, line; shape; form; space; texture; color; tone or value. Though not every elements are always present, but most of the elements are. In this publication we would like to explain shortly about the art elements, since a detailed explanation would require more time and also more space to elaborate even to the tiny aspects. The Seven Elements

are often recognized and easily

The most basic element that builds

calculable, such as square, circle,

other elements is line. Line is a

triangle, and other polygons.

moving point of distance between

Organic shapes, composed of curvy

two points or dots. Some argue

lines, are shapes that are more curvy

that instead of having line as an

and a bit abstract in comparison

element, point would serve the role

with geometric shapes.

better. There are two kinds of line, a straight line and a curvy line. Both

Forms are the three dimension

carries different purposes on latter

versions of shape. Forms are made

complex.

by having another line attached on a shape, acting as a depth signifier

When two lines are connected

therefore making the two dimension

and enclosed to each other, a

shape as a three dimension shape.

shape is created. Depending

Most geometric shapes given a

on the characteristics of the line

straight line as depth creates a

that composes the shape we can

geometric three dimension shape,

have two different shapes style, a

while organic shape given another

geometric one and an organic one.

curvy line will produce a more

Geometric shapes, composed of

abstract form.

straight lines, are the shapes that

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Space is an area of the art. There

Color is a sensation that is created

are two kinds of space, a positive

when light hits an object. There

space and negative space. Positive

are three properties of color,

space usually refers to the object,

hue,saturation and tone or value.

while negative space is like an

Hue is the color itself, red, blue,

empty space of the artwork,

green, etc. Saturation is the

providing ambient. Seeing from

intensity or vividness of the color.

a distance point of view, space

When we see a ‘bright’ or ‘dull’

consists of background, foreground

color, what matters is the saturation

and also middle ground. The main

of the color. Tone or value, though

object, which colors the positive

also part of an art element, is the

space, is normally located in the

‘light’ and ‘darkness’ of the color.

middle ground and foreground.

Texture is the surface on an artwork, may it be seen or a real physical surface. Textures help someone to identify an object. People may recognize a wood block and a metal block by the color, but when both presented on a grayscale image, one thing that would help people to identify both are the textures presented by both. A real physical surface is something you can touch

On printed artworks colors are

and feel, usually on sculptures or

produced from the ink, while on

other touchable artworks. Seeing

screen colors are produced by light,

the progression of technology

therefore on a photography when

and print, some textures are also

we see it on screen it is similar to

obtained by printing. By printing

the object photographed, but when

on wood, metal, glass or acrylic you

printed, the colors will be slightly

can give the artwork a texture of the

different.

material.

Tone or value is the light and dark

Close up on “God is in the details”

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ELEMENTS OF ART

ELEMENTS OF ART

of the artwork. When we hear the

also giving exposure on a texture,

describe the tone and value of an

artwork. At least more geometrical

word highlight and shadow, both

and of course, composing a new

artwork. Chiaroscuro also helps in

than surreal or abstract artworks.

are properties of value. Value

scale of color. An Italian word

creating an unique ambient and

Understanding the elements of

helps creating depth in a form,

“chiaroscuro” is often used to

helps making an artwork more

an artwork helps us to recognise

realistic and acceptable to the eye,

the artwork, and also the message

since peoples eye are always seeing

of the artist behind the artwork.

light and darkness, an absence of

An organic shape and form may

chiaroscuro would make an image

represent fluidity, a sense of

feels off.

adaptibility which geometrical form

Line

Shape

Form

Value

may lack of.

Function of the elements Unconsciously the artist used the elements to create artwork. Thinking of the style of the artwork is equivalent to thinking of the line, shape, form and color. The

Color

(Positive) Space

(Negative) Space

composition of the artwork is the same as determining the positive and negative space, while rendering the artwork is choosing the texture, if available, and the value or tone of

Six out of seven elements of art that is present at “God is in the details” by Brian Alvin Hananto

Is black and white a color? On RGB, a mixture of all three would create ‘white’, while on CMYK a mixture of CMY itself would create ‘black’. RGB are color codes on screen, on something is produced by light, so we can safely say that RGB are the real colors based on the definition of color, while CMYK are ‘color’ codes on printing, on the colors produced and printed. White is created when all the spectrums of color are present, while black is created when none of the spectrums are present at all. Therefore referring to the definition of color, Black is not a color, black is a state where there are no colors, while white is a color, also a state of where all the colors are present.

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the artwork.

By understanding the artwork, and the message behind, people

For viewers of the artwork, or

are brought to a higher stage of

appreciators and analysts maybe,

appreciation. Some people just

knowing the elements helps us to

simply appreciate an artwork

create a bridge of understanding

because of how it looks, does the

towards the artwork. An expresionist

image fits their taste or not, but

artwork may have rough and edgy

after understanding an artwork

lines, different from modernist

completely we are able to feel

artworks. We may recognise

emphaty, or amazement, or simply

an artwork as cubism by the

captivation beyond subjectivity.

geometrical shapes and forms in the

This kind of understanding allows

The Sleeping Gypsy by Henri Rousseau. The artwork depicts all seven elements of art

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ELEMENTS OF ART

people to be dragged to the realm

rough image of the finished artwork,

of the artist. Back on Leonardo da

determining all the elements of

Vinci’s time, famous artist were also

art. On the process on creating

scientist, some are also engineers.

the artwork sometimes there are

Creating an artwork requires

changes, which is normal, but in

planning and plenty of thought,

the end determining the elements

resulting in an outstanding artwork

in the beginning of the work is very

that amazes not only those with

important as an artist.

similar taste with da Vinci, but

Not noticing of the art elements

many people

in our artwork doesn’t harm us in

even until today

anyway, but when we understand

can appreciate

and decide to plan basicly even

da Vinci’s work.

from the elements of our artwork. By doing so we will create an

An artist’s

artwork that is planned to the

planning usually

smallest detail, resulting in an

starts from a

artwork which embodies not just a projection of our skill, but also our

“ Where the spirit does not work with the hand, there is no art.” Leonardo da Vinci

whole thought and also our whole artistic spirit.

Next Discussion: In this publication we hope you can learn something new about artworks and their elements. While the elements of design is not that much different from art elements, there are still differences between both. Maybe on another publication, for next publication we’re planning on principles of design, or graphic design at least.

Prepare for terminologies. Some of the words may seem familiar, but on the graphic design world it’s quite different from the meaning you used to know on daily life. What does dominance and emphasis doing on graphic design? What is a balanced and harmonic design is?

Next publication will (perhaps) cover all of it.

Image References: “Tribute to Ludwig Mies van der Rohe: God is in the details” by Brian Alvin Hananto of Weiss Graphic http://uploads8.wikipaintings.org/images/henri-rousseau/the-sleeping-gypsy-1897.jpg http://i.huffpost.com/gen/850520/thumbs/o-LEONARDO-DA-VINCI-BOOK-facebook.jpg Article References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elements_of_art http://arthistory.about.com/cs/reference/f/elements.htm http://arthistory.about.com/cs/glossaries/g/c_color.htm http://www.colormatters.com/color-and-design/are-black-and-white-colors http://www.studiocodex.com/value_tone01.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/l/leonardo_da_vinci.html

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Deardiscussions 2014 February