Page 1


Monologue With better management this month has been better, smoother. After a view discussions with friends about the publication we had several new ideas that are ready to implement. Some were critics about how we can improve the publication, and others were new possibilities on where we could take the publication. At the moment we’re going to move forward on step at a time. We also found out errors on the previous publications (Oops), and we try to make sure things like that doesn’t happen in the future publications (We hope).

Our schedule in April is quite busy, outside Dear we have various things we’re trying to do, with hopes that we could learn more and use the new knowledge to elevate Dear. If you may noticed the pace of our work has gone faster little by little, we want to keep the publication in the beginning of the month, so as like other publication (especially magazines) we want to keep our issue done before the month arrives. Well, we’re trying.

In case you missed our post at tumblr (deardiscussions.tumblr.com) or our previous publication monologue, we are now having a partnership going on with Weiss Graphic. Not in a romantic way. The cover for this month publication is sent by a friend of ours at Weiss that was originally made as an artwork for a music event, the same guy that helped giving our second publication cover. We know it’s been a while since we published using a photo, we hope we’ll get one next month (fingers crossed).

P.S. Sorry for no futurism images. Cover Image from: “Ethnos Libera - Four” by Brian Alvin of Weiss Graphic

2

|

A P RI L

2 0 1 4


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

Cubism - Futurism - Dada - Surrealism - Expressionism all paving a way towards how traditional art became a modern art, how art grows into design.

|

3


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

T

hroughout the past century, there are various art styles or art movements that shape many cultures. Each

movement connects with other movements, some inspire, some contradict and some grew based on other movements. One of the the movement or style is modernism. This part will cover a small introduction about modernism and cover some movements that help in shaping modernism. For each movement that stop growing there is a new movement that starts.

Brief Introduction

and help to define modernism.

Modernism, is an art style or

One by one the movements start to

movement that grows from

break free from the past, from the

traditional art style and forms. As

traditional art styles and grow to a

the word modern means something

‘new’ form. This ‘new’ form will then

as against or opposed to the past,

grew to become modernism.

something in the present times. But if modernism speaks as a movement

Cubism

in the present time, what is post

Cubism is the oldest movement that

modernism? We’ll talk about that in

starts the path to modernism. As

a different publication, but back at

previously almost all art styles, such

modernism. The term was first used

as realism, baroque, romanticism,

in the early of the twentieth century,

impressionist, and others tend to

so the term ‘modern’ refers to the

illustrate object as perfect figures,

time back then.

cubism started breaking down the figures to simple shapes. The

4

| A P R I L

Before modernism grew, there are

major figure that started the whole

several movements that inspires

movement was the Spanish painter,

2 0 1 4


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

(Left) “Girl Before a Mirror”, (Middle) “Le pigeon aux petits pois” and (Right) “Les demoiselles d’Avignon” all by Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso, with his series of

cone.’ Not only the new approach

work that are heavily inspired with

demonstrates new ways to express

African tribal arts, such as mask,

human emotions, it also inspires a

sculpture and fabrics. The African

new way of opportunity, influencing

art is then implemented on the

other to embark on their own

figure, creating an unusual ‘new

movement as they revolutionize the

form’. Another artist, Paul Cezanne,

traditional way of art, thus giving

decides to ‘treat nature in terms

new possibilities on how art is made

of cylinder and the sphere and the

and interpreted.

(Left) “Mont Sainte Victoire Seen From Les Lauves” and (Right) “The Bibemus Quarry” all by Paul Cezanne

|

5


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

6

| A P R I L

2 0 1 4


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

(Opposite Page) “Still Life With Fruit Dish And Mandolin” by Juan Gris, another Cubist Painter

“When I judge art, I take my painting and put it next to a God made object like a tree or flower. If it clashes, it is not art” - Paul Cezanne

Futurism

movement and imbues a negative

Another movement that also

and destructive element. They reject

marks a start on revolutionizing the

the traditional art ways and strive

traditional art is futurism. Futurism

for a new completer freedom of

is started by the Italian poet, Filippo

expression. One prominent figure in

Marinetti in which he mentioned

Dada is Marcel Duchamp, a French

about a movement where arts were

Painter, which later became one of

to test their ideas and forms against

Dada’s front man. Duchamp once

the new realities of scientific and

exhibits a painting of mustache in

industrial society. Visually, futurism

a reproduction of the Mona Lisa.

is influenced by cubism, though

Duchamp wanted to express his

“Fountain” by Marcel Duchamp

futurists have a bolder and more violent expression implemented on the art. Futurism also gives birth to new revolutionary techniques that are later adopted and adapted by the dadaist, constructivist, De Stijl, and later modernist.

Dadaism Dadaism or Dada is born at the aftermath of World War I. The Dada movement claims to be an anti art

|

7


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

“ A photograph can, by the addition of an unimportant spot of color, become a photomontage, a work of art....” John Heartfield

(Left) “deutschland deutschland über alles “, (Middle) “Peace and Fascism”, and (Right) “Whoever Reads Bourgeois Newspapers Becomes Blind and Deaf: Away with These Stultifying Bandages!” all by John Heartfield.

feelings about the tradition and the

we see nowadays. Photo montage

public which had lost the humanistic

is a technique of manipulating

spirit of the Renaissance.

photographic images to create juxtapositions.

Dada rebelled against the

8

| A P R I L

traditional ways, and promotes

Surrealism

innovation in place of the traditional

Another movement that has

art. Dada claims to have invented

paved a way for modernism is

photo montage. A ‘traditional’

surrealism. Surrealism, also refines

version of a digital montage that

techniques from Dada. Surrealists

2 0 1 4


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

(Left) “Mystery and Melancholy of a Street,” by (Bottom) Giorgio de Chirico

often create works that are hard

emotions in his work at that time.

to comprehend by others, since

Another surrealist painter, Salvador

the theme of the work are often

Dali is also widely known for his

fantasy, emotional content and also

works. Some considered that Dali is,

symbolism. Considered to be first

if not the best, one of the greatest

surrealist painter, Giorgio de Chirico

surrealist painter.

produces images that extraordinary

(Bottom) “apparition of a face and fruit dish on a beach” by Salvador Dali

|

9


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

(Top) “The Temptation of Saint Anthony” and (Bottom) “The Persistence of Memory” both by Salvador Dali

1 0

| A P R I L

2 0 1 4


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

Expressionism Moving on is expressionism, a movement that does not depict objective reality but subjective emotions and personal response to a subject or event. The movement is born during years before world war I. Many German expressionists rejected the authority of military, education, and government. They

“Color is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmonies, the soul is the piano with many strings. The artist is the hand that plays, touching one key or another, to cause vibrations in the soul.” - Wassily Kandinsky

feel empathy towards those who are victim of social injustice and that feeling influences their work. There are two major expressionist groups: Die Brucke or the bridge and Der Blaue Reiter or the blue rider. Expressionism movement inspire their artists to seek new approaches to their art and to life itself, since their work is a representation of their feeling towards life.

An expressionist known for his famous works is Wassily Kandinsky. Kandinsky’s work had strong colors and also advanced form, which later on he taught on Bauhaus. His lecture became one of the important foundations for design

(Top) “Composition 7” and (Bottom) “Composition 8” both by Wassily Kandinsky

education in Bauhaus.

|

1 1


PAT H W AY T O M O D E R N I S M

Conclusion

Without the movements that

The movement mentioned here

wanted to revolutionize how art

are just some movements that

was seen and treated there would

started the modernism movement.

be no design until today. People

Modernism in contrast of the

would just refer art as something

traditional art, has a more function

seen and valued, not something

like purpose of art, or what we

that serves as a purpose and helps

would like to say, design. Slowly

people’s life. Modernism highlights

art, that was once considered an

that functional aspect of art, it

illustration or interpretation of

emphasize the purpose of design

event or figure, grew to something

more than any other movements.

that contained a message, may

Therefore to learn and study about

it be political or social, not just

design, modernism would serve

philosophical, and to something

as a great start that could form a

that has a purpose or function

mindset upon working in design.

applied to everyday life.

Article References: Meggs’ History of Graphic Design by Meggs & Purvis

Image References:

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4c/Les_Demoiselles_d’Avignon.jpg http://i.huffpost.com/gen/831576/thumbs/o-PABLO-PICASSO-facebook.jpg http://durangoarts.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Pablo-Picasso-Girl-Before-a-Mirror.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/63/Picasso_-_Le_pigeon_aux_petits_pois_1911.jpg http://www.photoeye.com/auctions/img/4012/Large_H1000xW950.jpg http://i.imgur.com/5eoWsaD.jpg http://25.media.tumblr.com/fd19832c0cceee8d35a3183c4c3a59e1/tumblr_ mhmufueAWw1qz9v8to1_1280.jpg http://libreriaprandi.it/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/de-chirico.jpg http://0.tqn.com/d/arthistory/1/0/l/i/dali_moma_0708_11.jpg http://www.fakenation.info/ckeditor/kcfinder/upload/images/Salvador-Dali2.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/Salvador_Dali_A_(Dali_Atomicus)_09633u.jpg http://www.wallsave.com/wallpapers/1920x1080/dali/861495/dali-salvador-paintings-art-861495.jpg http://www.hdwallpapers-desktop.com/Art/Salvador-Dali/Wallpaper/images/Salvador%20Dali%20 Wallpaper%2011.jpg http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/kandinsky/kandinsky.comp-8.jpg http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/kandinsky/kandinsky.comp-7.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/Paul_Cézanne_108.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2b/Paul_Cézanne_163.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/12/Juan_Gris_003.jpg http://mheidbreder.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/whoever-reads-resize-5331.jpg http://www.kuriositas.com/2011/06/extraordinary-anti-nazi-photomontages.html http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/Duchamp_Fountaine.jpg

1 2

| A P R I L

2 0 1 4


Next Discussion: Part 2 of the Modernism Discussion. Somewhat closer to modernism with Plakatstil and Lucian Bernhard. The tale of how the art process of Lucian Bernhard’s work became a great work of art and design.

What people see with modernism, and what modernism achieve in design. We’ll talk less, so that’s it for now.

Lucian Bernhard

|

1 3


Dear Discussions April 2014  

Our fourth publication! We discuss simply about movements that help Modernism to take shape.