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LET ’S SIGN DICTIONARY Everyday BSL For Learners 2nd Edition Revised & Enlarged

CATH SMITH With thanks to all contributors listed in the Acknowledgements

Illustrated by CATH SMITH

CO-SIGN COMMUNICATIONS (inc. Deafsign and DeafBooks)


FROM CO-SIGN COMMUNICATIONS SIGN LANGUAGE LINK: A Pocket Dictionary of Signs SIGNS OF HEALTH: A Pocket Medical Sign Language Guide

THE LET’S SIGN SERIES LET'S SIGN BSL TUTOR PACK: Tutor book and CD-Rom LET'S SIGN BSL Greetings Signs and Fingerspelling A2 Wallchart LET'S SIGN BSL Poster/Mats A4 Set of 4 Greetings-Family-Feelings-Questions (Also in Urdu, Bengali and Gujarati) LET'S SIGN A4 Bildtafeln zur (4) Deutschen Gebärdensprache Tätigkeiten - Familie - Fragen - Gefühle LET’S SIGN FOR WORK: BSL Guide for Service Providers - 2nd Edition LET’S SIGN EARLY YEARS: BSL Child and Carer Guide LET'S SIGN BSL EARLY YEARS & BABY SIGNS: Poster/Mats A3 Set of 2 LET'S SIGN BSL FLASHCARDS: Early Years & Baby Signs LET'S SIGN BSL FLASHCARDS: House & Home LET'S SIGN BSL THANK YOU CARDS LET'S SIGN POCKET DICTIONARY: BSL Concise Beginner’s Guide LET'S SIGN FAMILY TOPICS: BSL for Children and their Carers LET'S SIGN & DOWN SYNDROME: Signs for Children with Special Needs A CHILD’S BOOK OF SIGNED PRAYERS LET'S SIGN SCIENCE: BSL Vocabulary for KS 1, 2, & 3 (Dictionary) SIGN & WRITE SCIENCE: BSL graphics pack (KS 1, 2, & 3) LET’S SIGN Baby and Early Years Graphics Pack LET'S SIGN BSL REWARD STICKERS LET'S SIGN BSL EARLY YEARS CURRICULUM TUTOR BOOK & CD LET'S SIGN BSL EARLY YEARS CURRICULUM STUDENT BOOK

(Many of the above publications are also now available in electronic and mobile applications and Kindle format)


Copyright Š 2009 by Cath Smith The right of Cath Smith to be identified as author of this work has been asserted by her in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. First published (1st Edition) 2004 Reprinted 2005 (twice) 2006, 2007, 2008 (ISBN 0 9542384 3 5) 2nd Edition (Revised & Enlarged 2009) ISBN-13: 978-1-905913-10-7 ISBN-10: 1-905913-10-9 Reprinted 2012 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the Copyright owner.

Published by Co-Sign Communications Incorporating DEAFSIGN and DeafBooks Stockton-on-Tees TS18 5HH Tel: 01642 580505 email: cath@deafsign.com www.deafsign.com www.DeafBooks.co.uk Distributed by Gardners Books

Printed in Great Britain by AlphaGraphics North East


CONTENTS COPYRIGHT PAGE & PUBLISHER CONTACT DETAILS ........................................3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ..................................................................................................5 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................6 LET’S SIGN BSL GRAPHICS ............................................................................................7 GUIDE TO DICTIONARY HEADINGS AND CAPTIONS ............................................10 SIGN VARIATIONS............................................................................................................11 THE DRAWINGS: THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FACE IN BSL ..................................12 BSL HANDSHAPES ..........................................................................................................13 CLASSIFYING HANDSHAPES or CLASSIFIERS..........................................................14 HEAD CLASSIFIER: Affirmation and Negation ..............................................................15 QUESTION FORMS ..........................................................................................................16 THE ROLE OF FINGERSPELLING IN BSL ..................................................................17 FINGERSPELLING: DAYS OF THE WEEK....................................................................18 DAYS OF THE WEEK: SCOTLAND................................................................................19 MONTHS OF THE YEAR..................................................................................................19

NUMBERS: Quick Reference Guide ..................................................................................20

SIGN VOCABULARY..........................................................................................................21

APPENDICES: PAGES THAT MAY BE COPIED ........................................................286 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: GREETINGS AND INTRODUCTIONS ..................286 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: IN SIGNING CLASS ................................................287 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: COMMUNICATION ................................................288 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: FAMILY DETAILS ....................................................289 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: RELATIONSHIPS ......................................................290 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: DESCRIBING PEOPLE ............................................291 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: OCCUPATIONS ........................................................292 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: IN THE COMMUNITY ............................................293 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: WEATHER..................................................................294 Topic vocabulary reminder sheet: ANIMALS ..................................................................295 USEFUL RESOURCES......................................................................................................296 USEFUL CONTACTS ........................................................................................................296 INDEX ................................................................................................................................297 The LET’S SIGN SERIES ................................................................................................316


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS My grateful thanks and appreciation for help and advice at various times and at various stages on different projects that have helped to develop the bank of graphics that now form this dictionary, particularly for their work on the Level 1 sign vocabulary and materials to; The Middlesbrough British Sign Language Tutor Group; Susan Eastwood, Marie Greenan, Pauline Hodgson, Roy Mitchell, Sandra Teasdale, Pat Topliss, Tracy Ward and Keith Williams (RIP), and to Barbara Casson of Middlesbrough Adult Education Service. A special thank you to Sandra Teasdale for her help with the Early Years vocabulary, to Keith Williams for checking the illustrations and to Pat Topliss for detailed checking of content and layout for the 1st edition. Cathy Murray and colleagues of Jobcentre Plus for their help with vocabulary for the 1st edition of Let’s Sign for Work and Mark Keane for his suggestions for the 2nd edition. Kath Keogan, Registered British Sign Language/English Interpreter for help in checking the vocabulary for the 1st edition. Contributions to development of vocabulary that has added to the bank of graphics for the 2nd edition to; The National Deaf Children’s Society who have liaised with us on a number of projects, the RAD Legal Services, the Catholic Deaf Association (Eileen Hosie, Father Peter McDonough, Kath Oyston). The contributions of Deaf and hearing professionals involved in the Deaf community and education; Ann Barrett, Jacqui Thewlis, Elizabeth Jenkins, Jane Lumley, Karen Hunt, Maresia Liburd, Sidra Masood, Laura McQuillan, Fran Stuart, Kate Martindale, Claire McClafferty, Michelle Smyth, Bridget Payne, Beverley Dickinson, Dr Wendy Uttley, Clare Ingle, Valerie Halliwell, Fiona Mackenzie, Rena Murray, Jo Butler, Adèle Marshall, Katja O’Neill, Vicki Gilbert, Michael Freeman, Alison Phillips and the many others who have informed the development of the graphics for this 2nd edition. A special thank you to those who took the time to submit signs on video for us to work from. Help with converting all the early illustrations from bitmap to vector format for Let’s Sign & Write BSL Graphics for Sign Bilingual Materials to; Cate Detheridge, Widgit Software. Preparing the book for publication, innovating new working methods, and printing; Stephen Smith, County Durham. Technical support; Tony Huck and Tony Elsdon (1st edition) and JoeTaylor (2nd edition). All the support at home; My husband David and son William


INTRODUCTION Welcome to the second edition of the Let’s Sign Dictionary. Living languages evolve and change. This is reflected in the work of this new revised edition. The format has been adjusted and all of the original entries have been checked and modified where necessary to ensure the contents are clear, contemporary and consistent, with more than 1,000 new signs added to the original collection. This brings the total number of illustrated entries to over 2,400, making this the most comprehensive and up to date print dictionary of British Sign Language (BSL) vocabulary currently available. The vocabulary has been collected from sources country-wide where *Deaf people, families and teachers are working together to teach and learn BSL and have come to us to collaborate in developing materials - from early years to adult education. The contents reflect the diverse nature of the many projects that have helped to shape and develop the collection of signs within, and the diverse nature of BSL itself, with many of its variations included. This dictionary is now a recommended text for BSL Level 1 and 2 courses and provides a valuable point of reference for users of the various resources and materials in the Let’s Sign series. This edition of the book is also a reference dictionary for the LET’S SIGN BSL Graphics packs which are available in a variety of licence options (see www.BSLforKids.co.uk). The graphics are widely used in education for deaf and hearing learners, and in families, baby signing groups, residential settings, adult training, BSL classes and by many others who use or teach BSL. The LET’S SIGN graphics and publications are also used to support spoken language for children and adults who may have additional communication and language needs in the field of special needs such as autism and Down Syndrome. LEARNING BSL and SIGN USAGE As with all of our publications, this book is not a teach-yourself manual, it is a collection of sign vocabulary that should be useful to a wide range of learners and settings. BSL is a visual gestural language with grammatical structures that are quite different from spoken language and require face to face contact to acquire. The language and its culture are best learned through contact with the Deaf community and classes taught by Deaf tutors and it is recommended that this book is used to support this. *Upper case ‘D’ in Deaf in this book refers to adult people who identify themselves as culturally Deaf sign language users.


LET’S SIGN BSL GRAPHICS The LET’S SIGN BSL Graphics continue to grow and develop in response to demand from learners of all ages in many and varied settings. The graphics are available in line drawings and corresponding colour versions. This book is made up of the line drawing versions with their own individual entry. A small number are simply described in the captions of related signs if they are a variation of that entry. For those learning BSL on courses and in classes, this dictionary is a straightforward alphabetical collection of signs with headings and descriptive captions to help users to find the signs that they want to use in their conversations and communications. The format is also designed to help identify each sign by its graphic file name to help those who are using the graphics under licence and for those who prefer to commission bespoke materials, to find and identify the signs that they need. The majority of these signs are part of the established or fixed lexicon of signs used within the Deaf community and education. Signs are presented in their citation form, i.e. words in a dictionary, without the changes and inflections that they may undergo in use. Many regional variations are included or described in the captions beneath the illustrations. Appropriate sign choices for regional versions and context need to be checked with local BSL tutors and Deaf community. COPYING and COPYRIGHT The Let’s Sign graphics are available on licence to create bespoke, tailor-made materials. The various licences permit and control use of the graphics within certain terms and conditions and outline the copyright acknowledgement details required to be printed on materials. The contents of this dictionary cannot be copied, apart from 14 pages which are laid out in topics that may be copied as handout sheets provided they are given freely and not reused or reproduced in other publications. This is stated at the bottom of the relevant pages. The rest of the book and the signs contained are not for copying, but permissions are available if they are considered to be appropriate and the graphic files may be provided to ensure consistent quality of materials. All sign graphics in this book and in the graphics packs are protected by copyright law. If you have any queries regarding permissions, use of the graphics or to request new vocabulary, please contact DeafBooks at the publisher contact details on page 3.


IDENTIFYING THE SIGN GRAPHICS For those using the LET’S SIGN graphics on licence, the graphic files are contained in folders. Signs may have more than one English meaning and some words may have many ways of being signed. To avoid constant repetition and duplication of graphics, each graphic is identified by a single 'file name'. These can be viewed alphabetically on screen by opening the folder and choosing 'thumbnails' in the View menu option. They can be selected and imported in the usual way into a document. This dictionary and Index will help you to locate the signs you need from the folders and to help us to identify the required signs when work is commissioned.

The dictionary headings and captions give the main meanings and context for each sign. Some are entered more than once under headings that are commonly searched for. If the graphic’s file name is not the lead word in the heading, it is given in small bold capitals in brackets at the beginning of the descriptive caption beneath the sign. Use the Index to look for associated words to find the sign you want. AFRAID, TERRIFIED, FEAR

DARK, EVENING, NIGHT

BOND, EMPATHY, LIAISE

Clawed hands tap on chest twice, as body makes slight backward, cowering movement.

(EVENING)

Palm back hands swing in/down in front of face to finish crossed. Also means DARKNESS.

(RELATIONSHIP)

(SCARED)

Fingers of ‘O’ hands interlock, and hands move backwards and forwards several times. Also means RAPPORT.

Graphic file name

Graphic file name

Graphic file name

(SCARED).

(EVENING).

(RELATIONSHIP).


The graphics are located in separate folders of line drawings and colour graphics. A comprehensive set in adult characters and a smaller sub-set in children’s characters are available in various package options.

ADULT BLACK AND WHITE LINE DRAWINGS

A social worker

will be

on duty

at the centre

on Wednesday

afternoon

ADULT COLOUR SET

A social worker

will be

on duty

at the centre

on Wednesday

afternoon

CHILDREN’S SET BLACK AND WHITE LINE DRAWINGS

five

little

monkeys

jumping on

the bed

CHILDREN’S COLOUR SET

five

little

monkeys

jumping on

the bed

Materials can be created to make individualised teaching and learning materials. The graphics can be used to support written text as illustrated above and to support learning with pictures and symbols as illustrated below. The examples below show the sign graphics used with Widgit Symbols (see www.widgit.com).

boy

girl

dog

cat

boy

girl

dog

cat

boy

girl

dog

cat


1,2,3,4