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Volume 4, No. 10, October 2009

A Magazine for NRIs

Indian Celebrations Abroad

£ 2.00 (UK), $ 4.00 (USA), Rs. 30.00 (India)

Special: ‘Mauritius will be partner country for Pravasi Film Festival’ – Mookhesswur Choonee, High Commissioner of Mauritius in India

|E D I T O R I A L | PRAVASI TODAY VOLUME 4 No. 9 OCTOBER 2009. Rs. 30.00 Patrons: Dr. Satyendra Srivastava, Dr. Ashok Chakradhar, Santosh Taneja. Advisors: Anil Joshi, Dr. Rajesh Kumar, Sudershan Bhatia. Editor: Dr. Padmesh Gupta. Resident Editors: Pankaj Dubey, India, Ved Mitra Mohla, MBE. Editorial Board: Naresh Bharatiya, Dr. Ramesh Gupta, Titiksha, Dr. Nikhil Kaushik. Assistant Editors: Jaganniwasl. Managing Editors: Divya Mathur, Neerav Pradhan, R.C. Agarwal. Creative Support: Naresh Shandilya. Literature & Research: Rakesh Srivastava. Manager Production: Rajiv Vats. Layout Designer: Manishankar. Business Development Manager: Prashant Kumar. Representatives: Jai Verma, Shail Agarwal. Contact Overseas: UK - Ved Mitra Mohla, 356, Vale Road, Ash Vale, GU125LW, Surrey. CANADA - Shyam Tripathi, 6 Larksmere Court, Markham, ON L3R 3RI. USA - Dr. Sudha Om Dhingra, 101, Cuymon Court, Morrisville NC-27560. HOLLAND - Dr. Pushpita Awasthi, P.O. Box 1080, 1810 KB. Delhi Office: 51, 2nd Floor, Rani Jhansi Road, Jhandewalan, New Delhi-55. Phone: 011-24504648, Fax: 011-43520752, Mobile: 9899552099. E-mail: Website: Proprietor, Publisher and Printer: Saroj Sharma, 51, IInd floor, Rani Jhansi Road, Jhandewalan, New Delhi-110055. Printed at: Delhi Press, E-3, Jhandewalan Estate, New Delhi 110055. DISCLAIMER: The articles published in Pravasi Today carry the personal views of writers. The publisher and the editor is not responsible incase of any debate. Matters related to the magazine can be brought in courts within the jurisdiction of Delhi.


Indian Celebrations Abroad India is a land of festivals and diverse traditions. Hindus in a 'tazia' procession, Muslims playing with colours on Holi, Christians lighting up candles on Diwali, Sikhs walking on a Christmas midnight mass, Punjabis enjoying Garba dances and Gujaratis participating in Bhangra are part of a multi-cultural, multi-faith India. Indians rejoice in festivals with great splendour; be it Diwali, Holi, Janmashtami, Eid or Christmas. But it is only when you are away from home that you realise how much you miss the significance of these celebrations. Indians abroad have kept their traditions and culture alive in form of festivals. The greatest examples are the people of Indian origin who were taken as slaves in British Raj to the Caribbean Islands. In countries like Trinidad and Surinam, there are hundreds of stories about Indians who celebrated the festivals and read Ram Charit Manas in the plantations and in the forests; hiding from the British in the 19th Century. When one thinks of the exceptional journey; from servitude to resistance to freedom, undertaken by Indians in Trinidad and the rest of the Caribbean, it is not the fame and fortune of some Indians that is most striking, but the manner in which Indians as a whole, despite the formidable adversities placed in their way, have been able to retain their self-dignity, preserve and enhance their culture, and enrich themselves by a selective engagement with other cultures. In Britain, as in India, festivals are a time for thoroughly springcleaning homes, wearing new clothes and most importantly, decorating buildings with fancy lights. From the streets of Leicester to the House of Commons, Diwali is celebrated with full respect and enthusiasm. People from all cultures participate in this festival showing the significance of Britain as a true multi-cultural society. Wherever Indians are live, festivals are an integral part of people's life and a source of great strength, which keeps them orally and spiritually elevated. Through these celebrations, our culture is transferred to the new generation. Festivals of India portray the rich cultural heritage of the country abroad and connect global society with us especially when we are living abroad for many years.



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CONTENTS Fiji Again Ousted from The Commonwealth Ramesh Sharma

Our Festivals Abroad How the Diaspora Celebrates India Bhuvaneshwari Das Iyer

Understanding and Investing in Indian Capital Markets CA Gopal K Agarwal

Indian Diaspora and Cinema Dr. Maithili Ganjoo Choudhary

The new Lover boy in B-town... Shaily Lamba

Hadippa! Dil Bole Hadippa!

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20 28 32 42 43 48 66




PG 6

NEWS DIARY .................................

PG 8

BUSINESS NEWS .......................... PG 12 ROUND UP ..................................... PG 24 SPORTS .......................................... PG 34 NRI ACHIEVERS ............................ PG 39 TOURISM ........................................ PG 40 COOKERY / ozr




...................... PG 64

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PG 65 PG 72

Letters to Editor It is true to say India's tourism problems can only

the viewer to sit back till the end. Along with the

be resolved through radical reforms, and through

idea and the script the film mostly draws its magic

the involvement of genuine, committed profes-

from the dazzling music score and ground break-

sionals and experts, not by hordes of nincompoops

ing cinematography creating a whole new play-

and neophytes. Major reforms are both unavoid-

ground for criminals , thugs and goons to revel in.

able and urgent. There is no reason why after

But the flashback element in the film can be said

embracing globalization and having achieved

to be the weak link in the film.

credible success in several fields, India cannot

Kaustubh, Canada

develop its colossal tourism potential. Arnab, London

You are very true in, report on Sri Lanka that mistrust and mutual hatred still remain high there.

I found your review of the film Kaminey very near

Hardliners on both sides are making the lives of

to the essence of the film. The film really has

ordinary citizens very miserable. Tamils now fear

substance and is watchable for sure. Kaminey is the

that with the Tigers silenced, they would be

film that credits its viewers with intelligence and it

systematically eradicated, as there is no one to

demands attention from the word GO and almake

protect them. Manikarnik, Sri Lanka



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|N E W S D I A R Y |



AUSTRALIA DOES IT AGAIN! THREE INDIANS ATTACKED BY 70 LOCALS IN AUSTRALIA After a brief lull in attacks on Indians in Australia, three members of the community were "brutally bashed" by a group of around 70 .26-year-old Sukhdip Singh, his brother Gurdeep Singh and Uncle Mukhtair Singh were attacked by the group when they were playing pool in the eastern suburb of Epping . "At around 11'o clock my brotherin-law Sukhdip was playing pool along with few family members when they were attacked by around 70 locals who were attending a party," the victim's relative Onkar Singh said. "They were quitely playing and were trying to avoid trouble even after these locals were trying to provoke them by passing comments," he said. The group started telling them to go back to their country. "When they reached the car park to leave the place a huge crowd attacked them and started bashing them up. The attackers were in their teens and around twenties," he said. Onkar claimed police have informed him that six of the 70 attackers have been arrested. The attacks come a month after Australian government assured external affairs minister S M Krishna, during his visit here, that Indian students would be protected. Around 30 Indian students were attacked in various cities from June to August.

IN AN EFFORT TO HIGHLIGHT THE INTERESTS AND NEEDS OF THE KASHMIRI HINDU COMMUNITY, NOW DWINDLING AND SCATTERED AROUND THE GLOBE, ITS MEMBERS IN THE US HAVE COME TOGETHER TO FORM THE KASHMIR HINDU FOUNDATION. The Foundation has set an ambitious goal to create a Kashmiri Cultural Centre, the first such centre outside India, a media release said. The Kashmiri Cultural Centre will provide home to the expression of arts and culture, where the richness of Kashmiri Hindu heritage will be showcased. For all the Kashmiri Hindus in the US and other parts of the world, it will provide a window to the beautiful valley and through this glorious view, create a stark contrast as a reminder of their painful exodus from Kashmir. The Foundation will serve to promote and encourage the contributions of Kashmiri Hindus worldwide, improve the lives of those of community who may be facing hard times.

INDIAN DIASPORA ART EXHIBITION IN NY A MONTH-LONG EXHIBITION OF CONTEMPORARY INDIAN ART EXPLORING THE THEMES OF CULTURAL DISLOCATION, MEMORY, EXILE AND SPIRITUAL INHERITANCES IMPLICIT IN THE WORD DIASPORA WILL BEGIN THERE ON SEPTEMBER 13. The Exhibition of Contemporary Indian Art of the Diaspora crated by Vijay Kumar and on till October 18 at the Queen's Museum of Art, is a mix of painting, drawing and prints, photographs, C-prints, photo montages and videos, sculpture and installation of 27 contemporary artists. Organised by Indo-American Arts Council (IAAC), the exhibition explores and draws from the experiences of artists whose origins can be traced to the Indian subcontinent. While Khalil Chishtee's figures are made out of plastic bags, Jagdish Prabhu has drawn his figures in soot (carbon). Pritika Chowdhry's installation titled "What the Body Remembers" comprises sculptures' that investigate the potential of the 'fragmented body to invoke collective narratives of trauma'. The IAAC aims at promoting and building awareness, creation, production, exhibition, publication and performance of Indian and cross-cultural art forms in North America.



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|N E W S D I A R Y |

SHRITI VADERA TO QUIT... SHRITI VADERA ,BRITAIN'S HIGH-PROFILE INDIAN-ORIGIN BUSINESS MINISTER, CONSIDERED CLOSE TO PREMIER GORDON BROWN, IS SET TO STEP DOWN AND DON A NEW ROLE IN DOWNING STREET TO HELP TACKLE THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS. Baroness Vadera will now advise the G-20 on the design of institutions needed to implement the "framework of sustainable and balanced growth" to be agreed this week, official sources here said, without disclosing when she will resign. Vadera, a former investment banker, was a senior Treasury adviser to Brown when he was Chancellor and has remained one of his key aides since he became prime minister. She will be replaced as minister for competitiveness, small business and enterprise by Mervyn Davies. Business Secretary Lord Mandelson said Baroness Vadera had made a "tremendous contribution" to his department. "She has worked tirelessly to ensure businesses, especially small businesses, are supported through the recession and emerge stronger at the other side," he said.

NATO COUTIONS INDIA NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANISATION WARNS INDIA OF SOMALI PIRATE ATTACKS There are huge concerns in Indian maritime circles following a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) warning to the Indian government, of a major plot by Somali pirates to target Indian vessels and sailors. The NATO leadership has said that there is specific intelligence available with them to suggest that pro-al-Qaida elements among Somali Pirates are plotting to target Indian ships and sailors in the next few weeks. India has already stepped up a vigil along the trading sea lanes that are visited by Somali Pirates. But following the intelligence reports NATO naval units have agreed to assist the Indian Navy in patrolling the risky waters near the Gulf. Earlier, a NATO warship rescued fourteen Indian sailors off Somalia, a day after they were freed by pirates who, they say, had beaten them during 10 days of captivity. A NATO warship somewhere off the shore of Somalia. Emergency crews drove out to a boat carrying 14 Indian sailors.

| OCTOBER 2009


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|N E W S D I A R Y |


WATER ON THE MOON CHANDRAYAAN'S DISCOVERY, THE WORLD APPLAUS INDIA Chandrayaan India's maiden mission to moon evidence of water on the lunar surface before it terminated. A joint Indo-US study published in the prestigious American journal Science has revealed this startling finding. For long, scientists have believed the moon is essentially a dry, parched pockmarked landscape. But the new studies based on the images taken by Chandrayaan provide clinching evidence of water molecules being present. Chandrayaan's pathbreaking findings have been reinforced by data from two American spacecraft, Cassini and High Impact. But the clincher really came from the $100 million Indian moon mission, which was recently terminated. Many a tear was shed when the Chandrayaan mission was terminated. But now, one can say "Chandrayaan-1 is dead, long live Chandrayaan". For many more goodies are still expected from India's short affair with the moon.

NALIN SURIE, THE NEW INDIAN HIGH COMMISSIONER IN UK NALIN SURIE, AN INDIAN FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICER OF THE 1973 BATCH, HAS TAKEN OVER AS INDIA'S HIGH COMMISSIONER HERE FOLLOWING THE RETIREMENT OF HIS PREDECESSOR SHIV SHANKAR MUKHERJEE. Surie is expected to present his Letters of Credence to Queen Elizabeth shortly. Previous to his appointment in UK, Surie was secretary (West) in the ministry of external affairs, in New Delhi. Surie has served in Indian missions in Hong Kong, Brussels, Dar-esSalaam, Thimphu, New York (deputy permanent representative to the UN), Warsaw (ambassador) and Beijing (ambassador).

UNESCO-SUPPORTED INSTITUTE TO PROMOTE PEACE INDIA WILL BE THE FIRST COUNTRY IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC TO HAVE A WORLD-CLASS INSTITUTE IN COLLABORATION WITH UNESCO FOR PROMOTION OF PEACE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. The Executive Board of UNESCO has approved India's proposal to set up the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development in Delhi, said HRD minister Kapil Sibal. A Category-I institute, it will foster a culture of peace through education, promote sustainable economic and social development and respect for human rights. It will work on several areas, including global warming and non-proliferation. The government will invest Rs 100 crore while UNESCO will put in $500,000 to set up the institute. At present, there are 11 UNESCO Category-I institutes and most of them are located in developed countries. The institute will do research on Gandhian thoughts on social justice,equity and peace. | OCTOBER 2009

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|N E W S D I A R Y |

OBAMA APPOINTS ANOTHER INDIAN AMERICAN TO KEY POSITION INDIAN AMERICAN ARUN MAJUMDAR HAS BEEN APPOINTED AS IN-CHARGE OF ADVANCED RESEARCH IN THE FIELD OF ENERGY A product of Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai, Arun Majumdar has been nominated as Director of the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy in the US Department of Energy. Currently, Majumdar is the Associate Laboratory Director for Energy and Environment at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley. "These individuals have proven that they will bring skill, dedication and expertise in these important areas to my administration, and I look forward to working with them in the coming months and years," Obama said in a statement. For his pioneering work, he was elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 2005. At Berkeley Labs and UC Berkeley, he helped shape several strategic initiatives in the areas of energy efficiency, renewable energy as well as energy storage, and testified before Congress on how to reduce energy consumption in buildings, the White House said. Majumdar has served on the advisory committee of the National Science Foundation's engineering directorate. He was also a member of advisory council to the materials sciences and engineering division of DOE's Basic Energy Sciences, and was an adviser on nanotechnology to the President's Council of Advisers on Science and Technology. He has also been an entrepreneur and has served as an adviser to start-up companies and venture capital firms in the Silicon Valley, it said.

MISS BOLLYWOOD UK A BRITISH BEAUTY OF INDIAN ORIGIN WILL BE WHISKED OFF FOR A BOLLYWOOD ROLE AFTER BEING CROWNED THE FIRST EVER MISS BOLLYWOOD UK AT A GALA EVENT IN BIRMINGHAM Reena Patel, from London, beat off 14 rivals - whittled down from a long list of 900 - at the star-studded event to win the title which comes with the offer of a Bollywood role and a year's modelling contract. The runner up was Simran Chadha from Manchester and the third place was taken by Stacey Fox of Essex in an ethnically diverse contest held at the International Convention Centre in Birmingham. The judges included Bollywood actress Manisha Koirala, said Miss Bollywood UK CEO Zia Choudhury, a Leicester-based model and actor. Patel, 23, now waits to be flown off to India to live the life of a Bollywood celebrity and will be automatically entered into the finals of Miss Universe Great Britain which will give her an opportunity to compete for the title of Miss Universe. "The appeal in Bollywood is the song and dance, the glamour, the people - it is after all, the largest film industry in the world," Choudhury said. The contest was open to women from all ethnicities as organisers wanted it to be as diverse as possible. Patel follows the success of Liza Lazarus, a Welsh beauty who scooped the Miss Universe UK title last year, and then found herself starring with Salman Khan in the period drama "Veer".

| OCTOBER 2009

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|B U S I N E S S N E W S |



FIVE DAY JET IMBROGLIO ENDS AFTER A LOSS OF RS 200 CR, AN OFFER OF 50 PC DISCOUNT With the strike associated with the demands of National Aviation Guild (NAG), Jet Airway’s newly formed union getting a green signal from the airline management, the five day strike called by the pilots and the ground staff came to a dramatic end. The management paid heed to the agitators’ demand of reinstating the four sacked pilots. It is to be noticed that during the tenure of the strike, the organization lost over Rs 400 million. “On an average, our daily revenues are in the range of Rs 80 lakh”, said Executive Director Saroj Dutta. In this period, the airline had announced cancellations of 15 international and 137 domestic flights. Speaking to the media after the deadlock situation got blurred, Dutta said, “We have reached an amicable settlement on all issues. An agreement has been signed on all issues. There is no question of victory. It’s an agreement between the two segments of the company. A consultative body has been constituted as part of the agreement”. In order to lure back passengers, Jet Airways and Jet Airways Konnect had also announced a 50 percent discount in the fares from September 14, 2009.

After a gap of 13 weeks, the wholesale price-based inflation jumped into the positive orbit with 0.24 percentage points for the week ending September 5. Inflation has been residing in the negative territory for the past 13 consecutive weeks due to the base effect. Budging into the positive side has been fuelled by higher prices of essential food items. The cost of essential items including fruits ascended by a steep 17.8 per cent on a weekly basis. Apart from this, the prices of the pulses rose by one to two per cent and of the spices by three per cent. Besides this, the price indices for primary articles, manufacturing products and fuel, power, light and lubricants rose for the week that ended on September 5. Earlier, both Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee and Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia had said that the inflation would turn positive by the month of September. The inflation rate turned negative for the week ending June 6 for the first time since the new wholesale price index series was started in 1995.

BUDDHA GOVT. OFFERS 45 ACRES EACH TO TWO IT GIANTS DAYS AFTER WB IT DEPARTMENT ANNOUNCED THE SCRAPPING, CM STEPS INTO RESCUE MODE In a final endeavour to retain Wipro and Infosys in the state, West Bengal Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee told a press conference at the CPI (M) headquarters in Kolkata: " I am proposing today (September 17), through the media, that we are ready to give 45 acres of land each to Wipro and Infosys. If they agree to the proposal, they can come and immediately take possession of the land and start new centres." This comes days after the state Information Technology Department announced the junking of an IT park project with Infosys and Wipro in Rajarhat New Town. Clearing the air over the non-availability of any other area in the state, the CM said that this is the only "alternative" land on which the two companies can construct their units. According to Bhattacharjee, all land given for setting up the units is leased land. In April last year, the state government had signed two MoUs - one each with Infosys and Wipro - for developing IT facilities in the state. For this, both the companies had sought 90 acre each.


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|B U S I N E S S N E W S |


Business Consulting International

The City of London Police has got hold of the mastermind and two of his accomplices of $ 130 million scam, which according to them, bore brunt on the lives of 600 people. After conducting a series of raids, the Police have arrested Chelsea-based NRI businessman and the mastermind Kautilya Nandan Pruthi, and his business partners Kenneth Peacock and John Anderson. Among the people who were befooled by the trio include former England cricketer Darren Gough, singer Jerome Flynn and actress Francis de la Tour. England cricketer Kevin Pietersen confirmed to the media that he was approached by the group, but he did not show any interest towards their plan. Pruthi and his accomplice allegedly promised the investors monthly payback rates between 8 percent and 13 percent through his company Business Consulting International. The company claims that it invests the money as venture capital in small or struggling business. However, the police claim that a major chunk of the cash was sided by Pruthi and the duo in the manner of a Ponzi scheme, whereby he used the 'new' money to pay off his old investors.

NRIS EYING PROPERTIES IN FOREIGN LANDS 50 PERCENT DECLINE IN THE INTEREST OF NRIS TO BUY INDIAN PROPERTIES According to reports from Jones Lang LaSalle Meghraj (JLLM), one of the thriving global real estate consultancies in India, compared to the previous year, there has been a gradual drop of 50 per cent in the interests of the NonResident Indians while buying India- based properties. India is not the only country that NRIs are now eying for realty investment. After the sub-prime crisis fallout in the US, NRI investors have woken up to the potential there," said Sanjay Dutt, CEO-Business, JLLM. As a result, one could easily look out for the NRIs searching hawk-eyed properties in the foreign shores. Some of the popular locations where properties of their interest could be found are Singapore, Dubai and London. According to JLLM, in these hotspots, the NRIs could avail a large number of facilities and look out for interesting opportunities in the Rs 4 crore plus bracket than in Indian cities like Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore. One of the reasons for reposing their faith on off-shore properties is the fact that their prices in the US are comparatively low when equated with the past.

| OCTOBER 2009

NRI INDUSTRIALIST TO INVEST RS 500 CR IN THE NEXT THREE YEARS VIKAS RAMBAL- POWERED PERDAMAN INDUSTRIES TO REVIVE IN THE AREAS OF SOLAR POWER, WIND MILLS AND FOOD PARKS In order to revive and energise the field of solar power, wind mills, food parks and plantation of jatropha curcus, Perdaman Industries, promoted by NRI industrialist Vikas Rambal has announced to inject and invest Rs 500 crore in the coming three years in India. The group has already signed an agreement with the Madhya Pradesh Government, whereby they will be provided with 5,000 hectares of land near Gwalior. The company envisages to dedicate the land for the plantation of jatropha curcus (the oil derived from the seeds are meant for the formation of bio diesel fuels). Apart from it, the company has also formulated the plan to set up a mega food park in the state. Besides this, the company is also in talking terms with a global organization (which would have a stake of 50 per cent) to set up a similar food park in Gujarat. Saddened over the fact that his parent state, Jammu and Kashmir has been treated in a step-motherly fashion, Rambal said: "If the state government gives us some project we will certainly consider it. We want to serve for the state...We are not asking for employment; rather we shall create employment opportunities there."

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|F I J I |

Fiji Again Ousted from The Commonwealth The small Pacific island of Fiji has gone to the dogs fresh peacekeeping operations. It was then when the with its undemocratic behaviour on September 1, Commonwealth set a deadline of September 1 for 2009 at midnight when it faced Commonwealth elections to be announced. expulsion after expiry of deadline for the election to Bainimarama, who is now Fiji's military ruler, has be announced. insisted that the country will not be ready for Hardly, had Fiji recovered from the aftermath of elections next year and that polls will be held only in its 2006 expulsion when the Commonwealth 2014. He had sought the eleventh hour talks with the expelled it again. The Fijians got into the same 53-nation group made up of Britain and its former turmoil recently as their dictator military head Frank colonies in a bid to avoid expulsion. However the Bainimarama is not on the side of angels. Democratic two sides could not agree on a particular date. principles have been totally ignored in Fiji. "If Fiji doesn't accept the conditions set by the Currently the conflict Commonwealth, between Fiji and the world including having Fiji, known for its on-and-offcommunity started when on elections next year, again relationship with the Com- then suspension is April 9, 2009, the Appeal Court in the capital Suva, monwealth has been suspended automatic come favouring the ousted elected midnight, Fiji time for the fourth time in 22 years Prime Minister Laisenia (12:00 GMT)," a CW Qarase declared that the recently on account of not assur- spokesman said. appointment of 2006 coup However, ing a rapid return to democracy Bainimarama told the leader Commodore Frank Bainimarama as the interim Fijian media that he Prime Minister by President would not be dictated Ratu Josefa Iloilo was unlawby external forces and ful. As a reaction to Court Lieutenant-Colonel ruling, the President susNeumi Leweni. A pended the Constitution, government spokesman promulgated emergency, said that the deadline dismissed the judiciary and and expulsion would reappointed the interim not alter Fiji's plans. government under a so-called But everybody knows legal order. that a lot of change is in In mid-April, the situation the winds. After turned so sour that Fiji's expulsion from the military regime had been dealt Commonwealth, all a blow by United Nations' Fijians are worse off. refusal to engage its troops in P T BUREAU PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

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|N E P A L |

Indian Priests Assaulted at Pashupatinath Protests over the appointment of Indian priests in the sacrosanct Pashupatinath Temple have left the Maoists red-faced with anger Two newly appointed priests in the Pashupatinath temple, who were supposed to take up their priestly duties from September 5, were brutally assaulted by the workers of the youth wing of the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M) a day before. The Maoist followers who had blocked the roads leading towards the Temple are enraged over the issue of the appointment of the Indian priests by the government. On September 4, Raghavendra Bhatta and Girish Bhatta (both from Karnataka) were performing some religious rituals in a customary refuge in a secret place, when they were attacked by a group of armed Young Communist League (YCL) members. "They were attacked with rods and showered blows. It appeared like a deliberate attack," a person attached to the temple said on the conditions of anonymity. One of the priests had suffered a black eye during the attack. Venting his ire over the preference given to Indian priests over their Nepali counterparts, Ganesh Chandra Adhikari, one of the key leaders of the agitating committee, said: "We demand that Nepalis be appointed as priests (in the Pashupatinath temple)." After the incident was brought to the notice of the Indian Embassy in Kathmandhu, it was deftly taken care by the law enforcement agencies and also at the higher political level. Earlier, just after the incident, Indian ambassador to the country Rakesh Sood met former Prime Minister Prachanda and updated him about the grave matter. On her first visit to the country, Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao, said, "I visited the sacred Pashupatinath Temple today (September 15). The PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

political leaders conveyed their regret at the unfortunate incident involving the unprovoked attack on Indian priests in Pashupatinath". She also got an assurance regarding the safety of the Indians from a wide range of leaders; whereby they assured that all possible steps would be taken for the security and the well-being of the priests and other Indian inhabitants. The temple has five priests - four for each of the four faces of Lord Shiva and one chief priest. Raghavendra and Girish were supposed to take charge of Basuki Temple, which is located within the premises of Pashupatinath and the northern face of the main temple respectively. They were selected after a rigorous examination or selection process. A Pashupati priest is known to be well-versed in, all the four Vedas. He should be married, as widower and remarried persons are not permitted to be a priest. An expert is of the opinion that "mostly (the priests) used to be people associated with the Sringeri Math in Karnataka." AMIT GUIN

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|T R I N I D A D & T O B A G O |

Sanguine about Indian Cooperation and Memory Sharing The month of August has been very special for T&T citizens, full of sanguineness and enthusiasm, when Indian authorities assured them to cooperate in the areas of technology, culture, trade, education, healthcare, agriculture and security, and support to install an historical monument and enhance the system and facilities at the Indo-Caribbean

The Indian High Commissioner Malay Mishra has said that the requests have been received by the Indian government from Trinidad & Tobago to cooperate in the areas of information technology, healthcare, agriculture, renewable energy, ocean development, security, culture, trade, fashion and education. He further mentioned that the bilateral cooperation program has been developed which the country is sharing with Trinidad and Tobago. "India has built very strong and positive relations with this Caribbean nation in many areas. These relations would be consolidated further for the betterment and development of our people," said Mr. Mishra. The Indian government is also willing to help in the installation of a monument at Trinidad and Tobago's Nelson Island where nearly 1, 47,000 Indians arrived between 1845 and 1917 to work on the sugar plantations. D.N. Srivastava, Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) told a press conference: "Whatever requests come to us for both the installation of monument at Nelson Island, and the enhancement of the system and facilities at the Indo-Caribbean Museum would be fully considered and supported." Trinidad and Tobago also houses the Indo-Caribbean Museum, the only facility in the western world to preserve the instruments, religious texts, tools, jewellery, cooking utensils of the people who migrated from India. It is worth noting that about 44 percent of the 1.3 million people in Trinidad and Tobago constitute the Indian Diaspora. In order to promote the understanding of Indian Diaspora, it is quite reasonable for India to involve its expertise in development process of Trinidad & Tobago.



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|M A L A Y S I A |

Youth Hold the Bastion in Malaysian Indian Congress

Retaining the post of Chief, S Samy Vellu's MIC has a clean sweep in the organizational polls; PM asked the leaders to reach out to the Diasporic population (The poll) had all the elements of a Tamil movie. There were emotional outbursts, tears of joy and sadness, anger and regrets", New Straits Times, a newspaper observed. This explains the passion with which the leaders of Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) peppered the two million strong Indian population in the country. Distinct from its Indian counterparts where the average age of the elected leaders is 60-65, the party has got a young team. A battery of dedicated and exuberant youth forms the core group of the party. S Samy Vellu has retained the post of Chief after the party made a clean sweep in the organizational polls. While S Murugesan (42) is the new secretary-general, Jaspal Singh (47), a Sikh in a pre-dominant Tamil party, has been elected to the post of treasurer; while 42-year old P Kamalanathan has been accorded with the post of information chief. Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak, who is the Chief of the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional (BN), of which the MIC is an integral part, told the young bunch that they must reach out to the Indian community to regain the support base they had lost in the previous general elections. PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

Putting emphasis on the fact that more young blood needs to be infused in the party, Vellu said that the party has contrived of organizing online polls, apart from the plan to set up more youth branches throughout the length and breadth of the country. He also said that he would train his team in a better way and run the party for the betterment of the Indian community. It has become pertinent on the part of MIC to have amicable ties with the Indian stronghold in the country. It is now a tough task on part of the party leaders to better their relationship with the Indian community, as a major pie of it has earlier rejected the party in the last general election. PM Najib said that the MIC leaders should work in tandem and strengthen itself for the future challenges. "The challenge is to unite the Indian community and ensure the MIC stays relevant," he said after knowing the outcome of the polls. Malaysia has a rainbow demography with the Sikhs numbering about 100,000 and the Tamils forming a crucial 8 percent of the country's 28-million strong population. P T BUREAU

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|U A E |

30 percent slump in the number migrant workers to GCC According to a new study conducted by well known consulting firm Deloitte, there has been a slump of 30 percent in the number of Indian unskilled migrant workers to the Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC) between September 2008 and March 2009. To rub more salt into the apprehensions of the authority, it has been confirmed through this report that more than two lakh Indians have come back from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) due to the repercussions of the global financial crisis. A first-of-its-kind study done for the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA), highlighting the impact of the financial crisis on the Gulf countries and Malaysia, states that more than 15,000 unskilled Indian migrant workers from Bahrain and nearly 7,000 from Kuwait have shifted to their homeland during this time. Causes Apart from the ghost of Lehman Brothers haunting these workers in the form of unavailability of work, it was the gradual declivity in economic activities which led to this situation. Acting hand-in-glove with this was the restrictive nature of the policies of the various Gulf governments which led to the birth of such a crisis. It was also because of the migrants' tendency to avoid any future risks which compelled them to come back to their homeland. Suggestions and Measures Allaying the fears of the workers and the concerned PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

Acting hands-in-glove with the ghost of Lehman Brothers was the restrictive nature of the policies of the various Gulf governments which led to the birth of such a crisis authorities, the study has also suggested some short and long term measures. Among the short-term measures drafted by the study, it wants that the government should provide these migrant workers with financial aid in the form of subsidized loans. In this way, the study suggests, these workers can repay loans taken by them for migration purpose. The study also envisages the introduction of a special cell in the Indian Embassies that could interact with prominent employers of Indian migrants. On the other hand, it advises the government to set up helpdesks to provide assistance on the available job opportunities in the country and abroad. In the long term, the study suggests the government to let set up an independent employment exchange unit. This, the study surmises, will act as a bridge between the overseas employers and the jobseeking workers. It also suggests the government to devise stern rules and regulations for the recruitment agencies, apart from the initiation of pre-departure orientation courses. It also suggests the development of a dedicated web portal through which aside thisinformation, one can seek various migrationrelated information. P T BUREAU

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|C O V E R S T O R Y | THE INDIAN DIASPORA WORLD HAS BEEN NOTED AND FETED FOR ITS STUPENDOUS ECONOMIC SUCCESS ACROSS THE GLOBE. PRAVASI TODAY TAKES A LOOK AT HOW THE DIASpora keeps alive the spiritual heritage of the nation through its celebrations of Indian festivals in their countries of residence…

Our Festivals Abroad How the Diaspora Celebrates India BHUVANESHWARI DAS IYER

The bone-dry twin city of Midland-Odessa in West Texas (US) is not the place you would expect to see a dress rehearsal for Indian festivities. A mostly white city, in the oil-rich Permean Basin, it is the hometown of former US President George W Bush, where the only sounds resonating till a few years back were the squeaking of the oil rigs pumping out black gold. It is also far away from the typical Indian enclaves of New Jersey and the San Francisco Bay Area, leave alone India itself. Circa 2005, at a local high school auditorium, a PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

group of young girls were practising a Rajasthani folk number; an equal number of boys were chorusing a Punjabi song, while the kid's parents, immigrants from different parts of India, gathered under the aegis of the Hindu Association of West Texas, discussed arrangements for food, frolic, and other entertainment for the coming days. There was a priest to be commandeered from Dallas, a cook from Houston, and a young master of ceremonies to be trained to deliver a talk on Dassera and Diwali. This is just a sample, by the way, of the Diaspora celebrat20 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


|C O V E R S T O R Y |

ing Indian festivals thousands of miles away from home. October-November (it could be earlier too, during certain years, as the current one is) is the festive season for NRIs around the world. Thousands miles from home, the rapidly growing Indian Diaspora, helped by collapsing distances and increasing numbers, is getting closer to its roots or at least attempting to in its own way. Indian festivals do not get bigger than Vijaydashami (Dassera) and Diwali. Incidentally, during 2005, the Indian-American community in the US was emboldened enough to ask (then) US President George Bush if he could celebrate Diwali in the White House. "Send me the details and what it involves", Mr Bush responded, "and I'll look into it." Though American laws concerning fire codes do not allow bursting of firecrackers, but in every other aspect, the festivals of song and light have caught on in a big way among the NRIs. The buzz is that it won't be long before even the White House is lit up with diyas. Almost every large American city has garba competitions, Diwali melas, and all the pageantry associated with the celebrations in India. Sample this: there are group drop-ins to a different house each day to recite the Lalita Sahas-ranama, sing bhajans and distribute Maha Prasad. NRI celebration of Indian festivals in the US has become a veritable festive fever that has caught on even in relatively middling cities such as Portland, Lexington etc., which have only a few hundred Indian families. Typically, the families gather at a local temple (often makeshift) or a high school auditorium. They put the kids, most of them Americanborn, through the dandiya and bhangra paces. A lot of it is a Bollywood spin-off. The adage "You can take an Indian out of India, but not India out of an Indian" can be seen written large all over the Diaspora world, and more so during festival time. The yearning to connect with roots at home is palpable, and even for second or third generation NRIs. Not of all it is kitsch, though; there's serious stuff too, especially in the larger Indian enclaves. There are professional dandiya competitions in Teaneck, New Jersey, and Palo Alto, California. Bengalis too celebrate Puja in a big way, while profesPRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

Almost every large American city has garba competitions, diwali melas, and all the pageantry associated with the celebrations in India. NRIs celebration of Indian festivals in the US has become a veritable festive fever that has caught on even in relatively middling cities. sional Bharatnatyam performances are almost a given in many Western cities with any meaningful Indian presence. Across the Atlantic, in the UK, the original 'vilaayat' before Uncle Sam displaced it from the topmost perch, things are not any different amongst the Diaspora when it's festival time. One can see hip henna tattoos to accessorize Brit-Indian costume chic, dozens of advertisements for "Diwali-dinnerand-dance" evenings, modelled on the Christmas celebrations, hundreds of people meeting every night

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during Navratri in the northern English city of Bradford to dance the garba. This is an English town hall, home of local government, which ceremonially "switches on" its Diwali lights. What's more, the UK also boasts of a Guinness Book of Records entry for the biggest, post-Diwali Annakut Utsav anywhere in the world. Indeed, the Dassera-Diwali season is now part of the range of Britain's newly-designated multicultural "autumn festivals", somewhere between Halloween and Christmas. Invariably, London's Swaminarayan temple, the biggest Hindu temple outside India, is the beehive of activity during Diwali time. And with every year, it seems to be getting busier. Indians in India may be surprised to learn that the UK's Leicester Diwali is touted as the "biggest Diwali celebrations outside India". As far as religious fervour and traditional adherence go, Hindu community leaders opine that the new corporate sponsorship of Dassera and Diwali barely registers on celebrations in the average British Indian home, many of whom say "We may possibly be even more traditional in our celebrations than Indians in India." NRI families clean their homes thoroughly; prepare for their elaborate rangolis, plan the special dish and the way they will specially present it for the temple's Annakut Utsav (literally mountain of food). To be sure, Indian festivals and ceremonies are not restricted to the Diaspora in the First World or Western countries. Mauritius, that little India in the Indian Ocean, the countries of the Caribbean, the countries across the African continent - most notably Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda, prominently, have had a sizeable and influential Indian Diaspora. Look eastwards, and one can't miss the cultural India that is spread across South East Asia, especially during festival time. There is indeed no doubt that the Indian Diaspora across the globe celebrates Indian festivals and ceremonies. On Aug 23, 2006, Anand Satyanand PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

India's Diaspora is different from those of other countries because of its tenacious battles against colonial and racial persecution in many countries. The enthusiasm and nostalgia for our festivals, the undiminished urge to celebrate them are but reflective of this stark fact. taking over as governor-general of New Zealand, put it succinctly when he made it a point to refer to his Indian heritage in his oath-taking address. "I acknowledge also my Indian origin, with four grandparents who migrated from that country to Fiji," he said. Satyanand reflected the pride with which every successful overseas Indian wears his or her Indian heritage on the sleeve, which comes alive during the festive season. Sixty years after independence, the Indian Diaspora - persons of Indian origin (PIOs) and non-resident Indians (NRIs) - look up to a nation where they trace their roots and which is seen as a global power of the 21st century. India's Diaspora is different from those of other countries because of its tenacious battles against colonial and racial persecution in places as far apart as Fiji, Malaysia, Mauritius and the Caribbean and their emergence as leaders of government and society. The enthusiasm and nostalgia for our festivals, the undiminished urge to celebrate them with all the traditional fervour and minute detail - perhaps even more so than is done in India itself - are but reflective of this stark fact. Undeniably, the celebration of our festivals by the members of the Diaspora overseas is also about connecting back home and remember the sweet old times they spent while growing up. Home, after all, is where the heart is. Q 22 รงoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


|R O U N D U P |

EMPLOYMENT GUIDELINES FOR EMIGRANTS For the benefit of the prospective emigrants, there are certain guidelines issued by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs. Follow these guidelines for your own safety and security. General Guidelines • Deal only with those recruiting agents who have registration certificate and authorised license issued by the Protectors of Emigrants (POEs) • Do not deal with sub-agents as they are not permitted under the Emigration Act, 1983 • Carefully go through the Employment contract and review the salary details and other terms and conditions of the service • Ask the recruiting agent for the Demand Letter and Power of Attorney from the foreign employer • Do not pay the recruiting agent other than the service charges amounting Rs. 2000 for un-skilled workers, Rs. 3,000 for semi-skilled, Rs. 5,000 for skilled workers and Rs. 10,000 for other than the above • Ask for the receipt of the payment and prefer paying through demand draft or cheque rather than in cash. List of Registered Agents The Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs has published a list of Registered Agents for the benefit of Indian nationals aspiring

to go abroad for the purpose of employment. Do not deal with any other recruiting agent other than the ones having a valid registration certificate issued by the Protectors of Emigrants (POEs). Blacklisted Foreign Employers There are certain employers who have been blacklisted by the Ministry of Overseas Affairs. Prospective emigrants need to avoid any kind of dealing with them.

SCHEME FOR DESERTED INDIAN WOMEN This scheme has been initiated by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs, Government of India for the welfare of Indian women abroad. The scheme aims to provide financial, counselling and legal assistance to women deserted by overseas Indian spouses. In the current year, the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs would initially sanction Rs. 40 lakhs each to the Indian Missions in USA, UK, Canada, Australia, and the Gulf, subject to review next year. Thus, in the current year the budget provision for this scheme is Rs. 2 crore. Scope of and eligibility for the scheme: The scheme would be available to women who have been deserted by their overseas Indian spouses or are facing divorce proceedings in a foreign country subject to the following conditions: 1. The woman is an Indian passport holder. 2. The marriage of the woman has been solemnised and registered in India. 3. The woman is deserted in India or after reaching abroad within two years of the marriage. 4. Divorce proceedings are initiated within two years of the marriage by her overseas Indian spouse. 5. An ex-parte divorce has been obtained by the overseas Indian spouse and a case for maintenance and alimony is to be filed. 6. The scheme would not be available to a woman facing criminal charges or having a criminal case decided against her. 7. The domicile of the woman seeking relief under the scheme is not relevant for allowing the benefit. The woman may be domiciled in the country of her overseas Indian spouse or in India at the time of making the application. 8. Preference may be given to applicants on the basis of financial needs. 9. Assistance will be limited to meeting initial cost and incidental charges for documentation and filing of the case by the Indian women's organisations / NGO on the woman's behalf.


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NRI REGULATIONS FOR SALE AND PURCHASE OF PROPERTY The Reserve Bank has granted a blanket permission to NRIs to purchase property in India for their residential and commercial purposes. There is also no limit on the number of investments or the quantity of investments that can be made in real estate. The immovable property can be purchased by inward remittances from any place outside India or through funds maintained in NRI accounts in the banks within the country. FEMA stipulates that before making a purchase a specified form called the IPI 7 needs to be filed with the central office of the RBI along with the title deed or any other certified copy of the document proving that the NRI has executed an agreement to purchase property within the country. The form has to he filed within 90 days of the purchase of property and has to be accompanied with a bank certificate stating the consideration paid for the purchase. Permissions are generally granted without undue delays if all the relevant papers are submitted. NRI REGULATION FOR SALE OF PROPERTY NRI desiring to sell property within India has a lock in period of three years. That is, NRI under the FEMA regulations is allowed to sell property only after three years from the date of acquisition for the property or from the date of payment of the final installment of the consideration for its acquisition, whichever is later.

10.The assistance will be limited to US $1000 per case and will be released to the Indian community organisations / NGOs concerned to enable it to take steps to assist the woman in documentation and preparatory work for filing the case. 11.The women's organisation / NGO will make efforts to enlist community advocates, preferably women advocates, to extend further legal assistance / appearance in court etc. on a pro-bono basis. Whom to contact? In case of assistance or filing complaint against the exploitation at the hands of their husbands or in-laws, Indian women overseas can contact Indian Missions in the country where they are residing. Indian women's organisations, Indian community associations, and NGOs abroad can also be contacted by the Indian women. These organisations provide legal aid to the victims in distress and whose names have been approved by the Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs. The applications for providing legal aid received by the Missions would be examined by an officer designated by the Head of the Mission on case-to-case basis and approved by Head of Mission / Deputy Chief of the Mission.

| OCTOBER 2009

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|R O U N D U P |

TAX BENEFITS TO NRIS AND PIOS The Government of India has introduced schemes for the benefit of tax saving NRIs and PIOs by the way of investments. Following are the tax exemptions that NRIs and PIOs can enjoy. Tax exemptions from income tax Income from the investments cited below is totally exempted from tax: • Deposits made under the following bank accounts: 1. Non External Rupee Account (NRE) [Tax exemptions relating to NRE will cease immediately when the NRI/PIO becomes the resident of India.] 2. Foreign Currency Non-resident Account (FCNR) [Interest on FCNR will continue to be tax free as long as the NRI continues to be Resident, and not an Ordinarily Resident.] • Units of Unit Trust of India (UTI), mutual funds, bonds, securities and saving certificates (as per the conditions mentioned under the Income tax laws and regulations). • Dividends declared by Indian companies. • Long-term capital gains from transfer of equity shares in a company and / or equity oriented schemes of mutual funds that are subject to securities transaction tax. Tax exemptions from wealth tax • The Finance Act 1992 has considerably reduced wealth tax levied on NRIs and PIOs. With effect from April 1, 1993, wealth tax is charged only on non-productive assets like urban land, buildings (except on house property), jewellery, bullion, vehicles, and cash over 50,000/- etc. • The current rate of wealth tax is one per cent on the cumulative market value of taxable assets as on 31st March every year in excess of Rs.1.5 million. Tax exemptions from gift tax • The Gift Tax Act, 1958 has been repealed with effect from October 1, 1998 and as such, gift tax is not chargeable on any gifts made on or after that date. • With regard to gifts of foreign exchange or specified assets made by NRls to their relatives in India, it should be noted that: • Gifts made by an NRI/PIO to his or her spouse, minor children or son's wife will involve clubbing of income and wealth in the hands of the donor - NRI/ PIO. • In the case of gifts to minor children, the clubbing of income, as above, will cease upon such children attaining the age of 18 years. • All gifts received by residents from NRls / PlOs may be subject to the tax authorities requiring the recipient to provide evidence as regards the identity and financial capacity of the donor and genuineness of the gift. • The Income Tax Act has now provided that any sum of money exceeding Rs. 25, 000 received without consideration (i.e. gift) by an individual from any person on or after 1st September, 2004, will be entirely chargeable to income tax in the assessment of recipient (i.e. donee) under the heading "Income from other sources", for and from assessment year 2005-06 and onwards. • Gifts on occasion other than marriage, for example, birthday, marriage anniversary and other social occasions, religious ceremonies etc. would be taxable as income. Gifts received on the occasion of the marriage of the individual, irrespective of any limit, (but within reasonable limits) would not constitute income. • Under the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999, no approval from Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is necessary for the resident donee to hold gifted immovable property outside India, provided the said property is gifted by a person residing outside India. General permission, subject to certain conditions, is granted by RBI for the resident donees to hold foreign moveable properties such as shares and securities gifted by NRI/PIO donors.

| OCTOBER 2009

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|E C O N O M Y |

Understanding and Investing in Indian Capital Markets We wish to earn money from financial markets. It is estimated that in future, 80 percent of global wealth will be in the form of intangible assets like brand value, goodwill etc. With more and more corporates resorting to branding, goodwill creation and intellectual property rights, fixed asset like real estate etc. will lose weight age in wealth calculations. We have to come to terms with these asset classes. The financial and corporate world is using financial products to create intangible wealth and unlock their valuations. We need to understand these structured financial products thoroughly, especially derivative products, whether it is a currency derivative, interest rate future, commodity and stock derivatives and call put options etc. to name a few. Various stock exchanges have come out with newer products and are conducting awareness sessions. These products are providing leveraging opportunities, which can be used for managing risks like hedging or for capital market speculation, which is directly related to volatility and in turn, leads to risk. Risk creates uncertainty, something we have to live with. There is no fixed strategy of investment in the PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

Pravasi Today’s financial expert on the latest developments in the financial and stock sectors that can enhance wealth creation...

We need to understand these structured financial products thoroughly, especially derivative products, whether currency derivatives, interest rate futures, commodity and stock derivatives and call put options. 28 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


|E C O N O M Y |

market. In a short span of twenty five years, a hundred thousand dollars invested with George Soros in 1969 would have become 130 million dollars. This comes to 35 per cent return annually. Soros was highly speculative and leveraged in his approach. On the other hand, Warren Buffet never leveraged his positions. He said "I don't get affected by volatility in the market. I always buy a business and not a stock." For Buffet, even if a stock exchange closed for two years after he has bought his shares, it would not affect him. He is one of the richest men in the world today. The most important investment policy is taking a view of the market in the morning on daily basis and with this view build up your investment and trading strategy for your chosen investment time horizon. India has a very vibrant and developed financial market and various sectors of India's economy are showing clear signs of recovery, especially the automobile, banking, education, healthcare and information technology sectors. The Sensex and Nifty are on an upward march and have crossed the 16000 and 5000 mark respectively. Recently, a World Economic Forum Report also stated that "vibrant financial markets and sound banking sector have helped Indian economy move up to 49th place on the global competitive scale. India's competitive performance continues to exhibit a rather reversed development pattern. It precedes many advanced economies in terms of business sophistication and innovation capacity. India also boasts bustling financial markets and a sound banking sector, supported by well-functioning institutions. In terms of well-functioning institutions, India is at the 54th place while at 16th and 25th spots in terms of bustling financial markets and a sound banking sector supported by a vast domestic market. Almost topping the list, India ranks third for financing through local equity market and third for its local supplier quantity. India ranks 20th amongst the savers". Another important development to be taken into consideration is the Direct Tax Code, although yet to be implemented. Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) fear higher tax outgo under this new tax code. So far in 2009, FIIs have pumped in $8.6 billion into Indian equities. As of September 15, PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

Another important development to be taken into consideration is the Direct tax Code, although yet to be implemented. FIIs fear higher tax outgo under this new tax code. 2009, there are around 1,695 SEBI-registered FIIs in India. Under the proposed tax code, Securities Transaction Tax (STT) will be abolished and tax on longterm gains will be brought back. The code proposes that FIIs will be taxed at a flat rate of 30% on net capital gains as against nil / 10% / 20% on long-term capital gains and 15% / 30% on short-term capital gains under the existing law. It also introduces General Anti-avoidance Rules (GAAR), under which any transaction could be considered to be a tax avoidance transaction and the onus for proving otherwise is on the tax payer. There are concerns that GAAR could be used against even genuine transactions, thereby affecting portfolio flows into the country. Currently, Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAA) overrides the domestic law. The new Code also proposes that the provisions under the Act or DTAA, whichever is later in time, shall prevail. This negates the provisions of more than 70-odd comprehensive DTAAs, which India has signed with other countries, thereby eroding the subsequent tax benefits. Experts believe the ownership structure of FIIs could be impacted and there would be need for re-organization.


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|L E G A L |

There are important legalities regarding for Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) that NRIs and PIOs must know. Pravasi Today's legal expert brings you the facts...

Some Essential Legalities Overseas Citizens of India Must Know Can a person registered as an OCI be granted Indian citizenship? Yes. As per the provisions of Section 5(1) (g) of the Citizenship Act, 1955, a person who is registered as an OCI for five years and is residing in India for one year out of the above five years, is eligible to apply for Indian Citizenship. Will the applicant lose his citizenship after registering as an OCI? No. As only citizens of the country which allows dual citizenship under the local laws in some form or the other are eligible for applying for registration as an OCI, losing one's foreign citizenship does not arise. Who is eligible to apply? A foreign national, who was eligible to become a PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

citizen of India on 26.01.1950 or was a citizen of India on or at any time after 26.01.1950 or belonged to a territory that became part of India after 15.08.1947 and his/her children and grandchildren, provided his/ her country of citizenship allows dual citizenship in some form or other under the local laws, is eligible for registration as an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI). Minor children of such person are also eligible for OCI. However, if the applicant had ever been a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh, he/she will not be eligible for OCI. Can a person renounce OCI? Yes. He/she has to declare intention of renunciation in Form XXII to the Indian Mission/Post where OCI registration was granted. After receipt of the 30 รงoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


|L E G A L |

declaration, the Indian Mission/Post shall issue an acknowledgement in Form XXII A. Can a PIO Cardholder apply? Yes, provided he/she is otherwise eligible for grant of OCI like any other applicant. Can application form be filled and submitted online? Yes. Part A of the application form can be filed online. Part B can be downloaded and printed on computer or by hand in Block letters. Printed Part A and Part B of the application form have to be submitted to the Indian Mission/Post/Office.

Only citizens of the country which allows dual citizenship under the local laws in some form or the other are eligible for applying for registration as an OCI. Losing one's foreign citizenship does not arise.

Can OCI be granted to foreign nationals who are not eligible for OCI, but married to persons who are eligible for OCI? No.

What are the advantages of the OCI when compared to PIO cardholders? • An OCI is entitled to lifelong visa with free travel to India whereas for a PIO card holder, it is only valid for 15 years. • A PIO cardholder is required to register with local police authority for any stay exceeding 180 days in India on any single visit whereas an OCI is exempted from registration with police authority for any length of stay in India. • An OCI gets a specific right to become an Indian Citizen whereas the PIO cardholder does not have this.

Does India recognize dual citizenship? If so, how can one get an Indian passport? There has been a long-standing demand to give dual citizenship to People of Indian Origin (PIO) in certain countries. As of now, the Government of India does not provide dual citizenship. The Citizenship Act, 1955 was among 109 Central Acts that had been identified for a review by the Commission on Review of Administrative Laws constituted by the Central government under the chairmanship of P C Jain in 1988. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) site (http:// can be accessed for more details.

Which country citizens can apply for OCI? A foreign national, who was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26.01.1950 or was a citizen of India on or at any time after 26.01.1950 or belonged to a territory that became part of India after 15.08.1947 and his/her children and grandchildren, provided his/her country of citizenship allows dual citizenship in some form or other under the local laws, is eligible for registration as an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI). Minor children of such person are also eligible for OCI. However, if the applicant had ever been a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh, he/she will not be eligible for OCI.

If a person is already holding more than one nationality, can he/she apply for OCI? Yes, as long as the local laws of at least one of the countries allow dual citizenship in some form or the other.

Would the Indian civil/ criminal laws be applicable to persons registered as OCI? Yes, for the period OCI is living in India.

Can children of parents, wherein one of the parents is eligible for OCI, apply for OCI? Yes.


Is the OCI entitled to voting rights? No. PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

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|C U L T U R E W A T C H |

Indian Diaspora and Cinema Cinema, with its glorious as well as chequered history, has been the unrivalled template for artistic expression, and Indian cinema has been no exception. Is the cinema of the Indian Diaspora alive to the changing world? Pravasi Today seeks a few answers... The Indian Diaspora is a large, varied and very significant section of population in today's world of globalisation, where the physical boundaries of nations are being obliterated by the coming together of markets. These are not only the markets for commodities, but markets of ideas as well! What is the "Indian Diaspora"? Historically speaking, since the last few centuries, the people of the Indian subcontinent have been migrating to different countries. According to the Government of PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

India's figures in 2001, there are around 26 million people of Indian origin all over the world. They form the single largest ethnic community in Mauritius (74%), Guyana (53%), Fiji (49%), Tobago (40%) and Surinam (37%). Moreover, in countries like Hong Kong, Singapore, Sri Lanka, South Africa, eastern Africa and Malaysia, they form substantial minority communities. Apart from this, they have a significant presence in the First World countries of US, Australia, United Kingdom and Canada as well. 32 รงoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


|C U L T U R E W A T C H |

These emigrants have largely been recognised for the remittances that they sent for their families in India. Popularly known as Overseas Indians, they were at best, the subject of scholarly interest for subjects like sociology and geography. It was however, during the 1990s, only after the opening up of the Indian economy, that the phrase "Indian Diaspora" was coined to understand issues such as the anxieties of the overseas Indians, their problems and prospects, their interests and orientations. It is noteworthy to point out that the credit for making the term popular goes to the media, especially cinema. Cinema is almost as old as the phenomena of Indian Diaspora, dating back to 1889, when the first motion film was made by the Lumeire brothers of France. Cinema, the interplay of technology and storytelling, has since then emerged as a powerful vehicle of communication within societies, which touches the hearts of most people who watch it. Indian cinema is one of the oldest in the world and in recent times, has grown to become the largest as well. It is important to understand that the Indian cinema has emerged as one of the most powerful cultural tools through which Indian Diaspora has been reached out to, understood and recognised by the general, non-academic categories of Indian society. Indian cinema, especially Hindi films, (popularly called Bollywood), as well as the regional films (like the Tamil, Telugu, Bengali etc.) have been in great demand among the overseas Indians (as well as others from the subcontinent). Mostly satiating the nostalgia for home, while living in the foreign nation, Indian cinema found its way into all the countries where the Diaspora was present. Over the years, the initial market of overseas Indians got expanded to include other ethnicities of these countries, who found interest in these films. It is worth mentioning that a lot of credit goes to the universities where cinema is PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

an academic subject, (especially in the First World, white nations) and films from India offered an interesting subject of analysis. From the past couple of decades, an interesting trend in cinema emerged, especially as some of the second generation among the overseas Indians grew up to become filmmakers themselves and chose to make films on India, either in terms of content or in spirit. This trend initiated from United Kingdom and America, but now filmmakers from other nations have also joined in. These films come in various genres, including the documentary films as well as fiction. Through these films, the understanding of

overseas Indians has entered average Indian households as well. Despite the difference in the format of these films, there is an underlying subject for storytelling - themes about identity, living in two cultures, dealing with the notion of 'otherness' etc.; in short, dealing with nostalgia and remembrance. Films by these overseas Indians have truly contributed to the growing popularity of the phrase "Indian Diaspora "in the average Indian's vocabulary. DR. MAITHILI GANJOO CHOUDHARY m_

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|S P O R T S |

The IPL blitz has endangered the very survival of Test Cricket, which cannot and must not be allowed to happen. The other major worry for the players is that playing so much cricket all the year round is bound to take its toll on their physical fitness.

In the lure for corporate big bucks and media glitz, the very institution of cricket seems to be in peril

Are Today's Cricketers Bigger than the Game? The game of cricket has, in the last decade, seen more change than the British weather and has been revolutionized to keep it up to date in an attempt to survive. However, it appears that in doing so, it stands to lose its traditional image. All the values and virtues and the niceties that the game represented seem to be disappearing rapidly and are being very PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

quickly and thoughtlessly replaced by monetary considerations. The advent of the one-day game in the late sixties seemed to prove a tonic for cricket and both the Test Matches and limited over matches continued to maintain a healthy co-existence until the emergence of Twenty-20 cricket recently which seems to have put both under a great deal of threat. 34 รงoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


|S P O R T S |

Chris Gayle, the West Indian Captain went as far as saying that he would not miss Test cricket if it died, which is extremely worrying, particularly keeping in mind the popularity of the recent Ashes series and the series between India and Australia, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. There is nothing wrong in having so much money in the game. The problem is in coping with the change in attitudes that essentially follow. In older times, no player would have dreamt of refusing to play for his country in preference to playing in foreign cricket leagues purely for monetary gain as Andrew Flintoff has done. No Indian player in the past would have been so busy as not to find time to receive the honour of being awarded the Padma Shri by the President of India as Mahendra Singh Dhoni and Harbhajan Singh have done. Cricket is today drawing almost a similar amount of money as football and tennis, but players of these games still take pride in playing for their countries rather than staying with their clubs or play Grand Slam tournaments. I am afraid that Indian Premier League (IPL) from this point of view is to be held responsible for most of the damage. To counter Kapil Dev's Indian Cricket League (ICL), it went overboard in employing the best cricketers in the world offering them ridiculous amounts of money which would have been impossible to resist except for some players like Michael Clarke, Ricky Ponting and Stuart Broad, for whom the performance of their national team was more important and they deserve to be applauded for that. In the process, it has endangered the very survival of Test Cricket, which cannot and must not be allowed to happen. It just cannot be cricket. The other major worry for the players is that playing so much cricket all the year round is bound to take its toll on their physical fitness. I don't remember Vijay Hazare, Vinoo Mankad, Subhash Gupte and Sunil Gavaskar ever getting injured. The ICC has some problems of great urgency to PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

All the values and virtues and the niceties that the game represented seem to be disappearing rapidly and are being very quickly and thoughtlessly replaced by monetary considerations.

address and has to come up with solutions very quickly and effectively to ensure that the game is enjoyed by a vast spectrum of followers and lovers of the game and not just by those who expect a cheap thrill of big hits and quick wickets. Even in a pulsating game like football, some of the most exciting games are goalless draws. I'd like to add just a quick comment about India's victory in the triangular series in Sri Lanka. It was heartening to note that some of the best performances of the tournament were provided by the senior members of the team like Sanath Jayasuriya, Rahul Dravid and Sachin Tendulkar, thereby disproving the myth believed so strongly by our captain MS Dhoni that there is no place for the older players in the shorter form of the game. K. K. SRIVASTAVA

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|B O O K R E V I E W |

India no more a country of Jugaad Through the breakthrough achieved by these eleven organizations, Porus Munshi shows that to do what is considered 'impossible' in a particular industry, one has to be subversive and think differently...

Name of the Book: Making Breakthrough Innovation Happen: How 11 Indians Pulled Off The Impossible Publisher: Harper Collins Author: Porus Munshi

Making Breakthrough Innovation Happen is a compilation of innovation stories - 11 examples extracted after extensive research by Marico Innovation Founda-

tion and profiled in detail. The range of the Indian examples of breakthrough innovation in the book is extensive, including Titan, which came out with the slimmest water resistant watch in the world; SuKam, a power backup company that did not fill into an existing industry but ended up creating a new one; Shantha Biotech, which developed a low cost hepatitis-B vaccine and ushered in the biotechnology age in India; Trichi Police, which rewrote policing paradigms to nip extremism and crime in the bud, thus transforming the city. Other examples are Dainik Bhaskar, Arvind Eye Hospitals, Cavin Kare, ITC- IBD, Bosch India, Chola Vehicle Finance and Surat administration. Through the breakthrough achieved by these eleven organizations, Porus Munshi, an innovation consultant, shows that to do what is considered 'impossible' in a particular industry, one has to be subversive and think differently. One can have the greatest ideas in the world, but that only would not make him innovative. Innovation is not an idea but an orbit shifting challenge. An orbit sifting innovation is more like an expedition to scale an extreme peak that has never been climbed before. It involves getting a team together, enrolling team members, getting stakeholders who put up the money, putting a strategy in place, and creating routes that do not exist. Innovation involves finding ideas at every step of the way in truly hazardous terrain- when it comes to doing something orbit shifting, an organization's terrain is no less hazardous than that of an extreme mountain. It is about batting hundreds of storms and challenges that invariably strike every extreme expedition. Finally, it is not about reaching the summit; it is about developing the capability to reach other summits. Each of the orbit shifters studied in the book had to follow similar stages. Having identified an orbit shifting challenge, they need to find the strategy to reach there. Impossible challenges need out-of-the-box strategies. Next comes the far more challenging part, when the orbit shifters have to enroll the stakeholders. The biographies of the mission are complete in themselves, containing within them all the orbit shifting challenges. But despite this, the book has been prioratised into different sections with the intent to highlight those initiative which have come out with bright colours facing bitter storms. On the cover of the book is a view on the book by Ratan N. Tata, who says that "this book‌. distinguishes itself by its detailed focus on the thought processes which inspired the breakthrough. This innovative approach in story telling enhances the book's inspiration quotient for the reader and challenges her or him to set out on a similar journey."


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A Salute to YSR... Thousands of people – some were hysterical, some teary-eyed and some sombre – said their final goodbye to the Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy.

Rajasekhara Reddy's hometown bid the man who had touched them in one way or the other farewell. A sea of humanity surrounding the burial site prevented several ministers and other leaders from making it to the event. The minister died in a helicopter crash on 2nd September 2009 with special secretary P Subramanyam, chief security officer A S C Wesley, pilot Group Captain S K Bhatia and copilot M S Reddy .The burial was both emotional and chaotic. Earlier in Hyderabad, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, UPA chairperson & AICC president Sonia Gandhi, Union home minister P Chidambaram and Congress MP Rahul Gandhi placed wreaths on the body. The PM in his condolence message entered in the visitor's book wrote, "Our country has lost an outstanding leader and the people of Andhra Pradesh have lost an ideal chief minister who was passionately committed to the welfare of the poor.'' To the chanting of prayers, YSR was finally laid to rest at a specially marked site in the family estate. Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy was born on July 8, 1949 in Pulivendula, Rayalaseema, to Y S Raja Reddy and Jayamma Reddy. He completed his course in medical science from M R Medical College in Gulbarga. He was also elected president of students union during his college days. After his PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

MBBS he took up his first job as medical officer at Jammalamadugu Mission Hospital . In 1971, he got married to Vijayalakshmi and entered politics in 1978, contested for an assembly seat from Pulivendula at the age of 28. He trounced D Narayana Reddy of Janata Party by 20,000 votes. He contested election four times to enter the assembly from Pulivendula and four times from Kadapa to enter Lok Sabha and won all elections. From 19831985 and 1998 to 2000 he served as the president of Andhra Pradesh Congress Committee. During 19831985, he held key ministerial portfolios like rural development, medical, health and education . From 1999 to 2004, he was leader of opposition in the 11th Andhra assembly. He was opposition leader five times. In 2000, he led a padyatra from Lepakshi to Pothireddipadu in Kurnool district protesting the hike in power tariff. In the summer of 2003, he went on 1,400-km-long padyatra covering all backward areas of the state. He was sworn in as Andhra CM on May 14, 2004. He again swept 2009 polls, retaining CM's post, won 36 LS seats and 157 assembly seats. The minister was known for his loyalty and passion to bring change into the life of rural classes. Now, everyone is expecting his son, Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy to lead his father's legacy. SHAILY LAMBA

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|N R I A C H I E V E R S |


NRI ENTREPRENEURS HONOURED The Indian Overseas Congress, the overseas wing of the Indian National Congress has honoured leading NRI entrepreneurs in a function organised in London to commemorate the 63rd anniversary of Indian independence. Chief Guest Asoke Mukerji, Acting High Commissioner of India to the UK presented the medal and 'tricolour stoles' to leading entrepreneurs, philanthropists, community and social workers at a function at the Indian Gymkhana in London. The Acting High Commissioner referred to the substantial contribution made by NRIs towards the growth of UK's economy. Among the persons who were honoured for their outstanding contribution to the society was famous hotelier and philanthropist Joginder Sanger. Joginder Sanger's entrepreneurial story began with a travel agency in East London, and an exclusive Air India contract as GSA (General Sales Agency) for UK and India. Since then, he never looked back. He is the CEO of an exclusive and upmarket hotel chain in central London, including The Washington, Courthouse and Bentley hotels which have become a home- away- from- home for film stars, leading luminaries including the Prime Minister of India. The group continues its expansionary plans with zeal and is setting up five more quality hotels. As Vice chairman of the Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Joginder Sanger has also played a leading role in seeing the successful modernisation of the Bhavan's complex. Another NRI entrepreneur Sunil Chopra, former President of NSUI, Delhi University and former Vice President of Youth Congress Delhi who is now settled in the UK, was presented with a medal for his community work. Another recipient of the honour is Dr Cyriac Maprayil, a London-based community worker hailing from Kerala. He is also the founder Chairman of London-based V K Krishna Menon Institute. Others honoured on the occasion were: Mohinder S Mandhair, Chairman of the Indian Overseas Congress, Birmingham; Dr. Gulbash Singh Chandhok, Founder Patron of Conservative Parliamentary Friends of India and prominent doctor in Southall; Shamsi, a 95- year old writer, poet and broadcaster from Voice of Kenya. In addition, Pramod Kad, former Councillor of Hounslow; U Murali Nair, Director Sangham Ltd (Hinduja Group); Sarvesh Mathur, NRI businessman; Rajinder Singh Mokha, Harnam Singh Hans and Ajmeet Singh also received the medals. The function was attended by Virender Sharma, MP, Labour Party; Asif Ibrahim, Minister (Co-ordination) and Mrs M Subashini, Minister (Press and Information) in the Indian High Commission; Hari Singh, leading Solicitor; Ashish Ray, President of the Indian Journalists' Association and a large number of NRI councillors.


In order to build a strong and healthy relationship with the Islamic community at large, Barack Obama administration has formally sworn in Farah Anwar Pandith, an Indian-American as the first US Special Representative to Muslim communities. Unveiling her plans on building up an amicable relationship with the Islamic world, Pandith said: "Under the leadership of Secretary Hillary Clinton, the Department of Sate is recalibrating the way in which we work with the Muslim communities around the world. Through this office, we will engage Muslim communities to solve collaboratively the most pressing problems facing these communities around the world." She swore to the Koran that she would deftly carry out the work for which she has been appointed.

With the ties between the US and various Islamic nations worsening day by day, it became indispensable on part of the Obama Administration to take such a step. Wishing Pandith success in her new job, Clinton said she was best suitable for this position. "It is apparent now more than ever that we have to do more to promote dialogue and diplomacy, and Farah will play a key role in that process for us," she said. The 41 year old migrated to US as a child from Jammu and Kashmir's summer capital, Srinagar. Earlier, she has worked in the European Bureau as a special adviser to work for the Muslim communities in Europe.

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|T O U R I S M |

Back to the Boondocks Far away from the cacophony of the urban cities, Jharkhand has tightened its belts to promote rural tourism in the state Far away from the razzmatazz, sparkling and jazzy world of metropolitans is a serene abode on whose lap one can always seek moksha. This niche, in the words of Mahatma Gandhi, is where the soul of India lives. The rural part of India is where the one can look out for tranquility and calmness far away from the hustle and bustle of the cacophonic environment of the city. Rural India is a bouquet of surprises for the urbanites. It has been rightly observed that globalization and the trend of urbanization is taking a heavy toll on the lives of the people residing in the urban areas. Being 'urban-o-phobic' is paving the way for the exploration of the life outside cities. Besides this, a fact which further approves that rural tourism should be paid attention is that, in India almost eighty per cent of the population resides in its seven million villages. Rural Tourism Exhibiting the hidden features of the village along with its lifestyle, art, culture and heritage before the tourists is what embodies the concept of rural tourism. An important facet of rural tourism is the fact that it leads to an active interaction between the tourists and the residents of the village, which further opens up the


mind of the former, setting the tone for an ameliorated experience in whole. Some of the major features that keep it outside the crowd of various other forms of tourism are the fact that it is essentially hinged to the natural environment with the locations sparsely populated. Adding more lustre is the fact that it is highly dependent on the preservation of culture, heritage and traditions of a particular village. Jharkhand and Rural Tourism Realizing the importance of promoting rural tourism to showcase the state in the tourism map of the world, the Jharkhand state government has taken a number of initiatives in the past. Earlier, the Tourism Department of the state had planned to adopt two hamlets in every district of the state and conceived of developing them as model villages to boost rural tourism. In this way, the villages would bring out the rich tribal and cultural heritage twinned with scenic beauty to lure national and international tourists. This was given consideration after due deliberation over the fact that every district has its own untapped specialty and beauty, which could be developed and used to its own advantage.

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|T O U R I S M | A model village is one where there is ample scope of better communication (between the inhabitants and the visitors). It shall also encompass within itself better infrastructure for the tourists. In this way, a tourist would have hands-on experience of the life in a village and its various hues. According to the plans of the state government, the entire experience of the tourists would be modelled in such a way that they have a holistic feel of the various aspects of the village, which in turn would let them explore the place o their own with the help of the villagers. On the other hand, the state government has tied up with the National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development (NABARD), which will create indispensable infrastructural amenities like roads, telephone connectivity, electricity, solar lights and environment-friendly huts. SOME IMPORTANT SPOTS FOR RURAL TOURISM Amadubi Village, East Singhbhum: The State Tourism Department has selected Amadubi village in East Singhbhum district as a site for rural tourism. The village is known for the traditional Paitkar paintings. It is named as such because of the colour used in this painting is made by the villagers by using natural things, like leaves, bark of trees et al. These paintings are one of the oldest tribal paintings in India. The paintings, which are made on small pieces of marbles, mostly portray various themes of life after death. Because of their appearance, they are also known as scroll paintings. In any case, the village showcases an assortment of art and traditional dances. The village has 45 tribal families that practice traditional dances like Bihu, Sarhul and Dasai, and 47 families that are involved in making Paitkar paintings. The state has also initiated steps to refurbish the


near-extinct Firkaal dance of Bhumji tribe. The dance form is practiced in Janumdih village in Potka block in East Singhbhum district. Firkaal dance is a version of Kirpan Sasun (sword dance), which portrays enactments of hunting scenes and self-defence. Ranchi: The state government has also promoted the state capital as a destination for rural tourism. Bejewelled with a number of scenic spots, arts and crafts made in the rural areas of Ranchi, a large number of tourists throng to the capital every year. In the pipeline: The state government, in order to attract a large number of tourists to the hinterlands of Jharkhand, has envisaged improving the surroundings of the village; a work which is done on a regular basis. Under this, the state government is involving itself in landscaping, development of parks, fencing and development of compound walls. It has also engaged itself in the construction of wayside amenities, refurbishment of monument and addition of signage. On the other hand, the concerned authorities have also procured equipments which are directly related to tourism, like water sports and adventure sports. To feel a pulse of how the state has improved in the orbit of rural tourism, these are the words of the NABARD chief of Jharkhand circle, K C Shashidhar: "If a tourist, who has visited the beautiful landscapes of Scotland, happens to visit Tonto village of West Singbhum district, he would find a similarity between the two." AMIT GUIN

DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM Government of Jharkhand, FFP Bhawan, 2nd Floor, Dhurwa, Ranchi-1, Jharkhand. Ph: +91-651-2400981, Tel Fax: +91-651-2400982

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|B O L L Y W O O D |

The new Lover Boy in B-town... Rishi Kapoor, known as the 'eternal lover boy' of Bollywood, throughout his career span captivated audiences with his lovey-dovey, romantic, sentimental antics. Now his proud son Ranbir Kapoor carries the legacy of playing the lover boy onscreen. But unlike the soft characters which his father portrayed over the years, newbie Ranbir's love has various shades which can be seen in many of his performances like in SAAWARIYA - where he has to play a loser in love. Despite this, this handsome saawariya, without getting picky,

went ahead and played the role with utter sincerity and was accepted open-heartedly. BACHNA AE HASEENO - It takes sheer courage to play a completely contrasting character in the very second film. But Ranbir proved it with flamboyance that if he can be a loser in love, he can be the new age (Casanova) dishonest lover too wooing haseenas. WAKE UP S!D - In his upcoming movie, Ranbir is all set to showcase an absolutely unique, a never-seen before kind of a character, laziest, irresponsible lover. AJAB PREM KI GHAZAB KAHANI - Ranbir plays a depressed lover boy who is madly in love with the beautiful Katrina Kaif. And will cross all limits to make her fall in love. The film is tagged as the craziest, wackiest love story. ROCKET SINGH: SALESMAN OF THE YEAR This upcoming young romance from YRF starring Ranbir Kapoor will see him in an altogether different avatar. Donning the get-up of a Sikh, Ranbir plays a bright, intelligent and mature salesman in the film, who falls in love with young and juvenile Shazahn Padamsee. RAJNEETI - It's being said that Ranbir plays an NRI in the film. And he will portray the character of notable political figure, Rajiv Gandhi, who falls in love with Katrina Kaif. Katrina's character in the film is said to be inspired by Sonia Gandhi. The love story is set against the backdrop of politics. Phew! So many characters in just a short span in the hindi film industry, hats off to the man and all the best to the new lover boy! SHAILY LAMBA


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Hadippa! DIL BOLE HADIPPA! Debutant director Anurag Singh has tried to play it safe and crammed in every ingredient he could; whether it is a love story, India and Pakistan dosti or women empowerment? The movie starts and you simply know it is a Yash Raj banner film representing the stereotypical culture of Punjab with swaying yellow fields, flashy celebrations, desi lassi and chomping sugarcane. The film is the story of a village of Punjab located at the Wagah border that has its own cricket team and plays match with the local Pakistani team for the Aman Cup and have been losing in a row for the past nine years. The team's owner (Anupam Kher) turns to his son Rohan (Shahid Kapur) who plays county cricket in England to take over as coach and the captain to strengthen the team. A village girl Veera (Rani Mukherjee) though working with a local theatre group in the village, treasures an unusual dream of playing cricket and winning for her 'pind'. She gets an entry into the men's cricket team by disguising herself as a man. Wait a minute, it sounds like the 2006 'She's the Man', and yes you are right. Here comes the twist in the story: Veera Kaur becomes Veer Pratap Singh sporting a turban and a beard. Her journey in the cricket arena leads to a lot of humor and romance which manifests the spirit of

India for the sport. It assembles all the super hit ingredients of the Yash Raj films like situations evoking patriotism, feel of DDLJ and loud Punjabi dialogues like 'main ek Punjabi baap ka Punjabi beta hoon'. In the climax, Veera's speech about allowing girls to dream freely standing ovation in the movie, but not from the theatre audience. Debutant director Anurag Singh has tried to play safe and crammed in every ingredient he could; whether it is a love story, India and Pakistan dosti or women empowerment. If not that too, then perhaps the curves of silicone sirens like Sherlyn Chopra and Rakhi Sawant would stir a few hormones inside the cinema halls, with the last half hour of the movie bowling you over. Unarguably, Rani is looking better than what she has in years and as for Shahid, he does it again after Kaminey. One more hit for the man who too looked dashing in the movie. Catch up DBH to see the chemistry between first-time paired Bollywood ki rani Rani Mukherjee and Shahid Kapoor. The movie has nothing new to show but still catch it for the giggles and Shahid's hot body and awesome dance steps. P T BUREAU


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|P R A V A S I F I L M F E S T I V A L | is in public domain now... Mauritius to be the partner country of Pravasi Film Festival

Pravasi Film Festival 2010 PANKAJ DUBEY

Pravasi Today, an international bi-lingual monthly for the NRIs and Person of Indian Origin is going to organise first ever Pravasi Film Festival in association with India Habitat Centre, in New Delhi in January 2010. The magazine with its presence in around 125 countries around the world has formally launched the website dedicated for Pravasi Film Festival. An indigenous initiative by Pravasi Today, was set in motion by High Commissioner of Mauritius in India, His Excellency Mookhesswur Choonee, who is also the 'Patron' of the 'Pravasi Film Festival Organising Committee'. Speaking on the occasion, His Excellency Choonee said that the film festival is an effort to bridge the gap between the NRIs and their motherland. He also stressed on the fact that this is a perfect platform for them to express their issues, problems, PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

emotions and nostalgic feelings towards their home country. His Excellency also made the announcement of his acceptance for 'Mauritius being the partner Country of Pravasi Film Festival'2010'. The website launch was followed by a panel discussion on "Indian Diaspora and Cinema". It was moderated by Delhi-based communication specialist Dr. Maithili Ganjoo Choudhary. A group of distinguished panelists were present to discuss the various hues of the reflections of the Indian Diaspora in the world of cinema. Mr. K Bikram Singh, writer and thinker, film critic Mr. Vinod Bhardwaj and Dr.(Prof.) Ajay Dubey, a Diasporic academician from the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi formed the group. An introduction on the importance of such film festivals keeping the Indians leaving abroad in mind 44 รงoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


|P R A V A S I F I L M F E S T I V A L |

was given by Anuranjan Jha, journalist and film maker. He said that the in the recent past, a plethora of NRI filmmakers have shifted from the periphery. With the success of Bend it like Beckham, Bride and Prejudice, and more recently The Namesake, NRI film makers are paving their success path towards the mainstream. Mr. Singh said that it was a unique and important initiative taken by Pravasi Today Group. He said that Pravasi Film Festival will give a platform to NRI film makers to interact with the Indian film makers as well as with the media and public at large. Film critic Vinod Bhardwaj said that the heart of a film festival like this lies in the fact that it turns out well for Indians settled elsewhere. This in turn brings out their cherished ideas, sorrows, highs and lows in the form of a medium as powerful as cinema. He also said that through this platform, the Indian citizens will also get to know the conditions and phases the NRIs have to cross while envisaging to live a peaceful, accommodative and normal life with the residents of a particular alien country. Dr. Ajay Dubey said that such an initiative will certainly cater to a wide range of audience. Being first of its kind and out-of-the-box go-ahead, Pravasi Film Festival will also give publicity to the film makers of Indian origin. Seconding the thoughts of Mr. Bhardwaj and Dr. Dubey was the director the Film Festival Anil Joshi. PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

Mr. Joshi said that on a bigger canvas, the Pravasi Film Festival will eventually conceive of thriving into a forum for NRI issues, and would strive to act as a one-stop assembly to express their creativity. Also displayed was a power point presentation to put light on the virtues of film festivals like these through a power point presentation. It was emphasised that it is high time that one should shrug off the misconception that the films highlighting the Indian Diaspora are monotonous in nature. Citing the example of Bend it like Beckham and The Namesake, the organisers said that these films are the best medium which portrays cross-cultural merits and demerits. The vote of thanks was given by Mr. Rajesh Jain, another co-director of PFF 2010. Mr. Jain said that the film festival is an idea to create an atmosphere conducive to valuing culture as a statement, to seeing art works as interventions in current discourses and in recognizing woes and aspirations of a community, which is very much ours, through their art. He also said that highlighting issues related to the Indians staying abroad is a positive step in disguise, as this is the only way through which normal audience could grasp their lives. The event has been able to generate a very warm response from the media fraternity across the globe. Long live pravasi films and filmmakers! Q 45 รงoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


|V A L U E S |

A child is the product of family and the institution of marriage. When the question of choosing a career arises, parents face a difficult decision - whether the further course of education should be decided depending on the child's interest and aptitude, or on the criteria as to which stream of education would bring the most happiness in his life. Some important questions do arise here: What is the purpose of human life? Should a child work according to his interest and aptitude only, far away from home and family? Or should he make a few compromises and choose a career that enables him to live with his family? Does one's joy and happiness lie in standing alone at the pinnacle of success or in leading a life together with one's family, relatives and friends? This is dilemma that today's psychologists and professional experts cannot answer. If youngsters and parents first try to find answers to these questions, it would be then be easy for them to decide upon a career. It is because we gave so much importance to the joint family that emergence of festivals and occasions required the involvement of the family and the society. This is the

Who should choose one's profession - parents or oneself? Psychologists and counsellors today have laid down a norm almost a rule - that parents should not force their aspirations on their children, as this might adversely affect the development of their basic capabilities. Dr Ramesh Gupta believes that but for a few exceptions, for the good of the individual, family and society the parents should make use of their own experience in helping the children determine and build their careers. PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

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chief reason why generally people chose to follow the professions of their parents, engendering balance and harmony in society. Despite modern amenities and comforts, social and family bonding in America and Europe is absent and people are rushing to India in search of peace and happiness. The West is now coming around to accept Indian lifestyle to be scientific and is trying to adopt the same. Regretfully, on the other hand, Indians have begun to believe that family and social ties are an 'obstacle' to the path to development of one's interests, inviting the social problems of the West. Psychologists also accept that true joy is in giving rather than in receiving. For this, it is necessary that we have a big family that could share our joys and sorrows. This is possible when the son chooses a profession that enables him to live and work with his family, wherein one's career can be established without much effort or trauma, offering professional attainment, material progress and also familial togetherness for generations.


A n` f "Vdks . kA

çoklh VqMs osc nqfu;k esa ;g ,d n`f"V dk l?ku gksuk gSA ,d lius dk vkdkj ysuk gSA fiNys dbZ eghuksa ls çoklh VqMs ds osc iksVZy dk dke py jgk FkkA 20 flracj dks nksigj rd çoklh gSYiykbu ds lHkh VSCl esa lkexzh Mkyh tkuh FkhA yxHkx 3 cts nksigj eSa çoklh VqMs ds vkfQl igqapk vkSj iksVZy dks pSd djus yxkA mlds fodkl dks ysdj jkds'k JhokLro ls ppkZ dj jgk FkkA blh ppkZ esa ge ;kgw lpZ batu esa pys x, vkSj çoklh ls ,UVªh pSd djus yxsA ;kgw fDyd fd;kA ;g D;k igyh ,UVªh çoklh VqMs dh FkhA gesa fo'okl ugha gqvkA nqckjk [kksyk vkSj can fd;kA nwljs daI;wVjksa ij pSd fd;kA çksxzkej ls pSd djok;kA th gka ;g lp Fkk fd gekjk iksVZy ftl fnu iwjk gqvk mlh fnu ;kgw ij çoklh lpZ esa ,d uacj ij igqapkA ;kgw] xwxy vkSj ekbØkslk¶V ds lpZ batu ij çoklh VqMs ds yxkrkj 'kh"kZ ij cus jgus dk fo'ks"k dkj.k mlds çoklh gSYiykbu dh ladYiuk esa gSA ftlesa geus çokfl;ksa ds fy, dkuwuh ijke'kZ] f'k{kk {ks= esa ijke'kZ] Hkkjr esa fuos'k ds fy, ijke'kZ] laifÙk esa fuos'k ds fy, ijke'kZ] tM+ksa dh [kkst (VªSflax n :V) tSls fo"k;ksa ij fo'ks"kKksa }kjk çkekf.kd tkudkjh miyC/k djkus dk ç;kl fd;k gSA lHkh lpZ batuksa

}kjk çoklh gSYi ykbu ls lkexzh dks ifjp; esa ç;ksx djuk bl ckr dk ifjpk;d gS fd bl ladYiuk dks csgn mi;ksxh ik;k x;kA osc nqfu;k esa bl ços'k ds lkFk gh çoklh VqMs dh igqap esa yxkrkj foLrkj gks jgk gSA çoklh VqMs if=dk] fQj mldh bZ&if=dk] çoklh fQYe QSfLVoy tSls fojkV dk;ZØe dh ;kstuk vkSj vc lQy çoklh iksVZyA ;g ,d fe'ku dk fujarj foLrkj gSA mlesa yxkrkj tqM+rs vk;ke gSaA ;g ,d n`f"V dk l?ku gksuk gSA ,d lius dk vkdkj ysuk gSA gekjk ladYi gS çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks Hkkjr ls tksM+us dkA fj'rksa esa l?kurk ykus dkA ;g lc rks mlds vkStkj gSaA bu vkStkjksa dks fujarj l'kDr djuk] çkS|ksfxdh dh nqfu;k esa etcwrh ls c<+uk le; dh igyh 'krZ gSA ;g tqM+ko O;kolkf;d ugha] lkaLÏfrd] dykRed vkSj jpukRed Hkh gSA gekjs lkfgR; lekjksg vkSj fQYe lekjksg mlh laidZ dh egRoiw.kZ dM+h gSaA blesa vkidk tqM+ko vkSj ekxZn'kZu furkar vko';d gSA ftlls ;g fj'rk vkus okys le; dks ifjHkkf"kr dj ldsA

ge ;kgw lpZ batu esa pys x, vkSj çoklh ls ,UVªh pSd djus yxsA ;kgw fDyd fd;kA ;g D;k igyh ,UVªh çoklh VqMs dh FkhA gesa fo'okl ugha gqvkA nqckjk [kksyk vkSj can fd;kA nwljs daI;wVjksa ij pSd fd;kA çksxkz ej ls pSd djok;kA th gka ;g lp Fkk fd gekjk iksVy Z ftl fnu iwjk gqvk mlh fnu ;kgw ij çoklh lpZ esa ,d uacj ij igqapkA PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

47 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


vfuy tks'kh

A v k o j . k d Fk k A

lkr leanj ikj

Hkkjr ds ioZ vthr f}osnh

jk"Vªifr tktZ cq'k vkSj mudh iRuh ykjk cq'k us lkjh nqfu;k ds Hkkjrh;ksa ds fy, fnokyh dh 'kqHkdkeuk,a tkjh dh FkhA egkjk"Vª uofuekZ.k lsuk ds usrk jkt Bkdjs ftl le; ;g c;ku ns jgs Fks fd NB iwtk fcgkfj;ksa dk 'kfDrçn'kZu gS] yxHkx mlh le; vesfjdk ds jk"Vªifr cjkd vksckek us àkbV gkml esa b¶rkj dh nkor nh Fkh vkSj lkjh nqfu;k ds eqlyekuksa ds fy, bZn dh [kqf'k;ksa dk lans'k tkjh fd;k FkkA ml b¶rkj nkor dh lhMh vkSj jk"Vªifr ds lans'kksa ds lkFk Hkkjr esa Hkh vesfjdh nwrkokl ds vf/kdkfj;ksa us b¶rkj dk vk;kstu fd;kA blh rjg fiNys lky àkbV gkml ds bafM;u VªhVh :e ls jk"Vªifr tktZ cq'k vkSj mudh iRuh ykjk cq'k us lkjh nqfu;k ds Hkkjrh;ksa ds fy, fnokyh dh 'kqHkdkeuk,a tkjh dh FkhA vesfjdk ds dbZ jkT;ksa esa] pkgs ogka fjifCydu xouZj gks ;k MseksØsV nksuksa gksyh] fnokyh] n'kgjk] bZn ds mRlo dk mn~?kkVu djrs gSa vkSj Hkkjrh;ksa ds lekjksg esa f'kjdr djrs gSaA x;kuk esa rks fnokyh ds fnu jk"Vªh; NqV~Vh gksrh gSA baXySaM esa rks fnokyh dk utkjk ,slk vn~Hkqr gksrk gS] ftlls vkidks Hkkjr esa gh gksus dk Hkze gksxkA baXySaM ds lkjs eafnj ml fnu ltk, tkrs gSa vkSj gj Hkkjrh; pkgs og fdlh Hkh leqnk; dk gks] /kwe/kke ls fnokyh eukrk gSA nqfu;k ds dbZ ns'k gSa] tks gksyh ds jax esa ,sls jaxrs gSa] ftlls cjlkus dh gksyh dk jax Qhdk izrhr gksrk gSA PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

48 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A v k o j . k d Fk k A

fQj Hkh dksbZ ns'k R;kgkjksa ds bu lekjksgksa dks Hkkjrh;ksa dk 'kfDrçn'kZu ugha dgrk gSA cgjgky viuk edln jkt Bkdjs dh {kqæ ekufldrk dks mtkxj djuk ugha gS] cfYd ;g ns[kuk gS fd dSls Hkkjrh;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk Hkkjrh; ioZ lkr leanj ikj igqaps vkSj viuh fojklr ds çfr yxHkx foLe`fr dk Hkko j[kus okys Hkkjrh;ksa esa ls gh fudys yksx dSls reke ioks± vkSj R;ksgkjksa dks vius thou dk fgLlk cuk, jgsA vly esa R;ksgkj viuh laLÏfr vkSj lH;rk dks latks, j[kus dk lcls mi;qDr lk/ku gksrs gSaA buds cgkus lkekftd ljksdkj] viuh Le`fr;ksa vkSj laca/kksa dks thoar cuk, j[kuk csgn vklku gksrk gSA pkgs nqfu;k ds fdlh Hkh ns'k vkSj ewy ds çoklh gksa] oks bu R;ksgkjksa ds tfj, okil viuh tM+ksa dh vksj >kadus dh dksf'k'k djrs gSaA vkt ge ftl fdLe dh çfrLi/kkZ vkSj vdsysiu ds nkSj ls xqtj jgs gSa] mlesa ;s R;ksgkj gekjk vkRecy curs gSaA ns'k ds ckgj ;s R;ksgkj gesa ,d lewg ds :i esa tksM+s j[kus dk ek/;e Hkh curs gSaA R;ksgkjksa ds ckjs esa ,d vke /kkj.kk ;g gS fd le; ds lkFk budk Lo:i cny jgk gSA buesa ls ikjaifjd vkReh;rk ckgj gksrh tk jgh gS vkSj mldh txg O;olkf;drk gkoh gks jgh gSA vkaf'kd :i ls blesa dqN lPpkbZ Hkh gSA cktkj dk vlj R;ksgkjksa ij fn[krk gSA /kwe&/kM+kdk] pdkpkSa/k vkSj egaxs fx¶V vkt ioZ dh igpku cu jgs gSaA ;g vlj çokfl;ksa ds R;ksgkj ij Hkh fn[krk gSA ij nqfu;k ds dbZ fgLlksa esa vkt Hkh ,sls çoklh lewg gSa] tks R;ksgkjksa dks mudh çkphu ijaijkvksa ds lkFk gh eukrs gSaA dbZ txg ,slh gSa] tgka ijaijk,a cny xbZ gSa vkSj LFkkuh; O;ogkjksa dks mlesa 'kkfey dj fy;k x;k gSA dbZ ih<+h igys ftuds iwoZt fxjfefV;k etnwj cu dj fons'k x,] muds ;gka Hkkjrh; R;ksgkj LFkkuh; ijaijkvksa ds lkFk fey dj euk, tkrs gSaA ysfdu mnkjhdj.k ds ckn tks cM+k vkSj vis{kkÏr laiUu rcdk fons'k x;k gS] muds ;gka R;ksgkj yxHkx oSls gh euk, tkrs gSa] tSls vkt ns'k ds fdlh Hkh egkuxj esa euk, tkrs gSaA QdZ flQZ bruk gS fd ckgj ds ns'k esa tc Hkkjrh; ewy ds yksx R;ksgkj eukrs gSa] rks mlesa lkewfgdrk dk iqV vius ns'k ds eqdkcys dqN T;knk gksrk gSA ;g ijnsl esa gksus dh vfuok;Z ifj.kfr gSA vU;Fkk ns'k esa rks T;knkrj R;ksgkj viuh lkewfgdrk [kksrs tk jgs gSaA fons'kksa esa euk;k tkus okyk lcls ikWiqyj R;ksgkj fnokyh gSA ;g vn~Hkqr lkewfgdrk vkSj mYykl dk ioZ gSA tSls&tSls Hkkjrh; vkSj Jhyadk ewy ds yksxksa dk nqfu;k ds ns'kksa esa tkuk c<+ jgk gS] oSls&oSls fnokyh dh yksdfç;rk Hkh c<+ jgh gSA igys çoklh Hkkjrh; dqN gh ns'kksa rd lhfer Fks vkSj mudh la[;k Hkh cgqr T;knk ugha FkhA blfy, R;ksgkj Hkh yksx vdsys PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

eukrs FksA ij vc çokfl;ksa dh la[;k Hkh c<+h gS vkSj mudk T;knk ns'kksa esa foLrkj Hkh gqvk gSA vdsys baXySaM esa djhc ikap yk[k çoklh Hkkjrh; gSaA fnokyh ds ekSds ij gj 'kgj esa Hkkjrh; yksx ,d lkFk fey dj R;ksgkj eukrs gSaA eafnjksa vkSj ?kjksa dks ltkus vkSj fx¶V nsus dk pyu fcYdqy oSlk gh gS] tSlk vius ns'k esa gksrk gSA R;ksgkj ds lkSan;Z ls vkdf"kZr gksdj LFkkuh; yksx Hkh vc bldk fgLlk cuus yxs gSaA f=funkn vkSj VkscSxks esa dkQh igys Hkkjrh; çoklh tkdj cls FksA ogka fnokyh ds ekSds ij fnokyh uxj clk;k tkrk gSA ,d iwjs bykds dks ltkus vkSj lkFk fey dj R;ksgkj eukus dk pyu ogka ij gSA flaxkiqj esa rks feuh Hkkjr clk gS] ftls fyfVy bafM;k ,fj;k dgrs gSaA bl nks fdyksehVj ds iwjs bykds dks fnokyh ds ekSds ij ltk;k tkrk gS vkSj lkewfgd :i ls yksx fnokyh eukrs gSaA flaxkiqj esa fnokyh dh yksdfç;rk dk vanktk bl ckr ls Hkh yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd ogka bl fnu jk"Vªh; NqV~Vh gksrh gSA flaxkiqj ljdkj dk laLÏfr foHkkx Hkkjrh; lewgksa ds lkFk fey dj bl ekSds ij lkaLÏfrd dk;ZØe Hkh vk;ksftr djrk gSA vesfjdk ds vyx&vyx jkT;ksa esa Hkh vc fnokyh çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds R;ksgkj ds :i esa lkaLFkkf;d :i 49 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A v k o j . k d Fk k A

ysrk tk jgk gSA vyx&vyx jkT;ksa esa ogka ds xouZj R;ksgkj dk fof/kor 'kqHkkjaHk djrs gSa vkSj Hkkjrh; ewy ds yksx lkewfgd :i ls fnokyh eukrs gSaA vesfjdk gks ;k baXySaM vkSj f=funkn o VkscSxks gks ;k flaxkiqj ;k fQj gekjs iM+kslh ns'k Jhyadk vkSj usiky gksaA gj txg çoklh Hkkjrh; fnokyh eukrs gSa vkSj budh [kkfl;r gksrh gS gj /keZ vkSj leqnk; ds yksx ,d lkFk fnokyh eukrs gSaA fganw] eqfLye] blkbZ] fl[k] tSu lc lkFk fey dj bl R;ksgkj dks eukrs gSaA ;gka /keZ vkSj leqnk; dk foHkktu [kRe gks tkrk gS] lc Hkkjrh; gksrs gSaA fnokyh ds ckn nwljk lcls yksdfç; R;ksgkj gksyh gSA nqfu;k ds fdlh Hkh ns'k esa clk dksbZ Hkkjrh; bl R;ksgkj dks fel ugha djuk pkgrk gSA çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds /kkfeZd vkSj lkeqnkf;d laxBu gksyh eukus esa Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gSaA os Hkkjr vkSj 'kk;n nqfu;k ds lcls lkewfgd vkSj vkfne R;ksgkj dks iwjs tks'k&[kjks'k ds lkFk eukrs gSaA vesfjdk esa tgka yxHkx 20 yk[k çoklh Hkkjrh; gSa] ogka gj 'kgj esa gksyh eukbZ tkrh gSA U;w;kdZ dk vkye ;g gksrk gS fd gksyh ds fnu nqfu;k dh bl vkfFkZd jkt/kkuh dh 'kDy fcYdqy Hkkjr ds fdlh 'kgj ls feyrh&tqyrh yxrh gSA U;w;kdZ esa gj lky gksyh ds ekSds ij gksyh ijsM fudkyh tkrh gSA blesa Hkkjrh; ewy ds yksx ukprs&xkrs lM+dksa ij fudyrs gSa vkSj jax [ksyrs gSaA blh rjg ls baXySaM esa tgka Hkkjrh; nwljk lcls cM+k leqnk; gSa] ogka Hkh gksyh dk R;ksgkj iwjs mRlkg ds lkFk euk;k tkrk gSA jaxksa dh gksyh ds lkFk&lkFk lkaLÏfrd dk;ZØe] QS'ku ijsM vkfn bl ekSds ij vk;ksftr gksrs gSaA gksyh ds igys ls gh gksyh feyu dk dk;ZØe 'kq: gks tkrk gSA Hkkjrh;ksa dh cgqyrk okys ns'kksa [kkl dj f=funkn o VkscSxks] lwjhuke] ekWjh'kl] fQth] x;kuk] nf{k.k vÝhdk vkfn esa ftl rjg ls gksyh eukbZ tkrh gS] mlls yxrk gS fd çoklh Hkkjrh; Hkh viuh lkaLÏfrd tM+ksa ls nwj ugha gq, gSaA fnokyh ds Bhd igys ns'k Hkj esa n'kgjs dh /kwe jgrh gSA nl fnu rd pyus okyk 'kfDr dh iwtk dk ;g ioZ fons'kksa esa vkerkSj ij futh :i ls euk;k tkrk gSA bls èkkfeZd fo/kku ds rkSj ij euk;k tkrk gSA dqN [kkl bykdksa esa tgka caxkyh yksxksa dh la[;k T;knk gS] ogka t:j bldk lkeqnkf;d vk;kstu gksrk gS] ij vkerkSj ij bls yksx futh rkSj ij vius ?kjksa esa gh eukrs gSaA blh rjg nwljs ioZ] tks vf[ky Hkkjrh; Lrj ds ugha gSa] tSls iksaxy]] x.ks'kksRlo vkfn PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds /kkfeZd vkSj lkeqnkf;d laxBu gksyh eukus esa Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gSaA os Hkkjr vkSj 'kk;n nqfu;k ds lcls lkewfgd vkSj vkfne R;ksgkj dks iwjs tks'k&[kjks'k ds lkFk eukrs gSaA dks Hkh fons'kksa esa çoklh Hkkjrh; futh rkSj ij gh eukrs gSaA budk vk;kstu mu txgksa ij lkewfgd gksrk gS] tgka bls eukus okys leqnk; ds yksx T;knk gksrs gSaA tSls dsjy dk csgn egRoiw.kZ ioZ gSA [kkM+h ns'kksa esa cls dsjy ds yksx bldk vk;kstu lkewfgd :i ls djrs gSaA bu /kkfeZd R;ksgkjksa ds vykok Hkkjrh;ksa dks tksM+us ds nks R;ksgkj fons'kksa esa cM+s /kwe/kke ls euk, tkrs gSaA ;s R;ksgkj gSa Lora=rk fnol vkSj x.kra= fnolA bu nksuksa jk"Vªh; R;ksgkjksa ds ekSds ij cM+s HkO; iSekus ij vk;kstu gksrs gSaA bafM;k Ms ijsM fudkyh tkrh gSA fQYeh nqfu;k ds flrkjs cqyk, tkrs gSa vkSj cMs&cM+s lkaLÏfrd dk;ZØe vk;ksftr gksrs gSaA Hkkjrh; nwrkokl vkSj mPpk;ksxksa dh vksj ls Hkh budk vk;kstu gksrk gSA cgjgky pkgs /kkfeZd R;ksgkj gksa ;k jk"Vªh; R;ksgkj gksaA bUgsa euk dj çoklh Hkkjrh; tks futh lq[k vkSj [kq'kh gkfly djrs gSa] mlls brj bldk egRo mUgsa viuh tM+ksa ls tksM+s j[kus vkSj viuh lkaLÏfrd] /kkfeZd vkSj lkekftd vkLFkkvksa] ekU;rkvksa ls tksM+s j[kus esa Hkh gSA bUgha ekSdksa ij Hkkjrh; ewy ds yksxksa dh ubZ ih<+h] tks ml ns'k dh lkaLÏfrd gok esa iy dj cM+h gqbZ gS] og vius ns'k ds yksxksa ls feyrh&tqyrh gS vkSj mUgsa Hkkjr dh ijaijk vkSj vkLFkk dks le>us esa enn feyrh gSA blfy, R;ksgkjksa dk ftruk T;knk lkewfgdrk ds lkFk vk;kstu gksxk] mudk egRo vkSj vkuan nksuksa mruk gh c<+rs tk,axsA Q 50 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A ekW j h'klA

ekWjh'kl esa gj dksbZ mRiknksa vkSj lsokvksa ds c<+rs nkeksa] ?kVrh Ø;'kfDr vkSj ukSdfj;ksa dh vfuf'prrk lacaèkh f'kdk;rsa djrk gSA cgqr ls ekWjh'kloklh Hkkstu lkexzh [kjhnrs le; Hkh viuk cVqvk ckgj fudkyus ls igys nks ckj lksprs gSaA dqN yksx rks ?kj ds fiNokM+s esa lfCt;ka mxkus yxs gSaA

ekWjh'kl% Hkkoh pqukoh eqís vkxkeh 2010 ds pqukoh o"kZ eas ekWjh'kl dh turk ds lkeus jkstxkj ds fNurs volj] c<+rh eagxkbZ vkSj oSf'od eUnh ds pyrs O;kikj txr ij eaMjkrk ladV tSls ToyUr eqís gksaxs tks izèkkuea=h uohu jkexqyke vkSj mudh ikVhZ ds fy, d"Vdkjh fl¼ gks ldrs gSaA ekWjh'kl esa 1 ekpZ 2009 dks eksdk ysd mipquko ifj.kke ?kksf"kr gq,A lks'kfyLV ewoeasV ds izfoUn dqekj txUUkkFk fefyVsaV ewoesaV ds mEehnokj v'kksd dqekj txUukFk dh rqyuk esa dqy oSèk erksa ds 10 izfr'kr ls vfèkd varj ls thrsA vlsEcyh esa xBcaèku dj foi{k esa cSBs bu nksuksa rFkkdfFkr fe= nyksa us rky Bksdh] fQj Hkh lÙkk:<+ xBcaèku fiNM+ x;kA eksdk ysd mipquko ifj.kke dks dqN jktuSfrd fo'ys"kd izeq[k foi{kh ny fefyVsaV ewoesaV dh rqyuk esa mlds lkFkh xBcaèku ?kVd lks'kfyLV ewoesaV dh vfèkd yksdfiz;rk ds ladsr ds :i esa ns[krs gSaA ijUrq mUgas bl ckr ij lansg gS fd lÙkk:<+ xBcaèku lks'ky vyk;Ul ftlds vlsEcyh esa dqy 70 lhVksa esa ls 42 lnL; gSa] vkxkeh 2010 vlsEcyh pquko esa dksbZ mYys[kuh; izn'kZu dj ldsxkA okLro esa jkstxkj ds fNurs volj] c<+rh eagxkbZ vkSj oSf'od eanh ds pyrs O;kikj txr ij eaMjkrk ladV tSls Toyar eqís bl le; ekWjh'kl dh turk ds lkeus gSa tks ;fn o"kZ 2010 esa gksus okys pquko rd cus jgs rks izèkkuea=h uohu jkexqyke vkSj mudh yscj ikVhZ ;k lks'ky vyk;Ul xBcaèku ds fy, d"Vdkjh gks ldrs gSaA ^vkfFkZd ladV ds rwQku esa ekWjh'kl*] ,d Ýsap if=dk ^lhfQ;k baVjus'kuy* ds twu 2009 vad esa izdkf'kr ulhe vdcjYyh dk ys[k] lkQ rkSj ij Li"V dj nsrk gS fd vke turk] O;kikjh oxZ vkSj deZpkjhx.k vkfFkZd eUnh dh oSf'od PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

izd`fr dks tkurs gq, Hkh ljdkj ij nks"k e<+rs gh gSaA mi;qZDr ys[k ds vuqlkj ekWjh'kl esa gj dksbZ mRiknksa vkSj lsokvksa ds c<+rs nkeksa] ?kVrh Ø;'kfDr vkSj ukSdfj;ksa dh vfuf'prrk lacaèkh f'kdk;rsa djrk gSA cgqr ls ekWjh'kloklh Hkkstu lkexzh [kjhnrs le; Hkh viuk cVqvk ckgj fudkyus ls igys nks ckj lksprs gSaA dqN yksx rks ?kj ds fiNokM+s esa lfCt;ka mxkus yxs gSaA ,d le`¼ fdarq Hksn~; }hi] ekWjh'kl fo'o dh fo'ks"kdj ;wjksi dh vkfFkZd n'kk ij vkfJr gSA oSf'od eUnh dh ekj ls ;wjksi ds yM+[kM+krs gh ekWjh'kl ds oL=] i;ZVu ,oa foÙkh; lsokvksa ls tqM+s O;olk;ksa esa ekuks Hkwpky vk x;kA ^'ksUVsDl xkjesUV~l* uked VsDlVkby mn~;ksx dh ekfyd ve`rk owlkjh dgrh gSa fd og fuiV fuèkZu gks pyh gSa vkSj xr tuojh ekl ls gh vius 200 deZpkfj;ksa dks osru ugha ns ik jgh gSaA i;ZVu {ks= dh n'kk Hkh fofp= gSA 2008 dh rqyuk esa bl o"kZ i;ZVdksa dh la[;k esa 20 izfr'kr fxjkoV dk vuqeku gSA iksVZ Y;wbl okVjÝaV fLFkr gLrf'kYi ,oa Lekjd oLrqvksa dh nqdku dkSnku i;ZVdksa ds vHkko esa cUn lh jgrh gSA cksuh Vsªoy ,aM V~;wlZ ds izcaèkd izrki nso mèkhu dgrs gSa fd vc i;ZVd }hi dh ;k=k ds fy, dkj dh rqyuk esa cl esa cSBdj ;k=k djuk ilUn djrs gSaA ekWjh'kl esa bu ToyUr eqíksa dh xaHkhjrk dks blh ls le>k tk ldrk gS fd Hkys gh foÙk ea=h jked`".k lhrkusu turk dks vk; ds lalkèkuksa dh lqj{kk dk Hkjkslk fnyk;sa fdarq i;kZoj.kfon~ vkSj lÙkk:<+ lks'ky vyk;Ul dk gh ?kVd xzhUl ÝsVuZy vkWxsukbts'ku izkd`frd lalkèkuksa ds gzkl dk eqík mBkrs gSaA

jes'k dqekj 'kekZ 52 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A iz o klh flus e kA

izoklh flusek% ns'k ls nqfu;k vkSj nqfu;k ls ns'k dk lQj izoklh ,d ,slk lekt gS ftlds ikl vuqHko dh fof'k"Vrk gS ftldh laosnuk ns'k vkSj fons'k ls xqtjrh gqbZ lkoZHkkSfed gksrh gS vkSj ns'k ds p'es ls lkoZHkkSfedrk vkSj lkoZHkkSfedrk ds p'es ls ns'k dh iM+rky djrh gSA ckWyhoqM esa cuus okyh fQYeksa dk ,d dfeVsM izoklh Hkkjrh; cktkj rks gS gh] ftl otg ls izoklh Hkkjrh; ik= vkSj muls tqM+s eqn~ns ckWyhoqM dh dgkfu;ksa esa ewrZ :i ls ns[kus dks fey jgs gSa] lkFk&gh izokfl;ksa }kjk vius lalkèkuksa vkSj igy ls izoklh laosnuk dh fdlh fof'k"Vrk dks dsUnz esa j[kdj cukbZ fQYesa Hkh ,d ewrZ vkSj dfeVsM cktkj ls tqM+ jgh gSA ;g laoxZ vHkh NksVk gS] ij Li"V] izHkko'kkyh fofoèkrkiw.kZ vkSj rsth ls mnh;eku gSA izfl¼ fQYe leh{kd fouksn Hkkj}kt dk dguk gS fd viuh tM+ksa dks [kksdj tM+ksa dks ryk'kuk laosnuk esa xgjs mrjus dk lcls izeq[k izsjd gS vkSj flusek dk lhèkk lacaèk vuqHko dh fof'k"Vrk ls gSA ;g lkjh ckrsa mHkjdj lkeus vkb± izLrkfor izoklh fQYe lekjksg ds osclkbV ykmap dk;ZØe esa] tks dk;ZØe 15 flrEcj 2009 dks fnYyh esa bafM;k baVjus'kuy lsaVj esa vk;ksftr dh xbZ FkhA izoklh fQYe lekjksg izoklh VqMs ehfM;k xzqi }kjk 3&6 tuojh 2010 dks fnYyh esa vk;ksftr dh tk jgh gSA dk;ZØe essa izoklh fQYe lekjksg dh ladYiuk izLrqr djrs gq, vfuy tks'kh us dgk fd bl lekjksg dk mn~ns'; izoklh flusek ds iwjs dysoj dks ,d lkFk ,d eap ij ykuk gSA mUgksaus crk;k fd ekWjh'kl Mk;liksjk dk ,d egRoiw.kZ ns'k gS vkSj Hkkjr esa ekWjh'kl ds mPpk;qDr egkefge eqds'oj pqUuh us izoklh fQYe lekjksg laxBu lfefr dk iSVªu cuuk vkSj ekWjh'kl dks lekjksg dk ikVZuj ns'k cukuk Lohdkj fd;k gSA mUgksaus crk;k fd lEiw.kZ fo'o ls fo'ks"kdj fczVsu ls cM+h la[;k esa fQYedkjksa us bl lekjksg esa viuh :fp dk izn'kZu fd;k gSA


dk;ZØe esa iSuy fMLd'ku ds Øe esa i=dkj vkSj fQYedkj vuqjatu >k us dgk fd izoklh vfHk#fp vc ;'k pksiM+k vkSj 'kkg:[k [kku ls brj Hkh cgqr dqN gS] ckotwn blds fd Hkkjr esa izoklh fo"k; ij cuus okyh fQYeksa rFkk Hkkjr ls ckgj izokfl;ksa }kjk cuus okyh fQYeksa dk dsUnzh; fo"k; uksLVkfYt;k gSA izfl¼ dyk leh{kd ds- foØe flag us dgk fd izoklh vc Hkkjr ds :i esa vius vki dks lhèks rkSj ij Hkk"kk;h&bFkfud vkbMsafVVh ls Hkh tksM+dj ns[krk gS] blfy, izoklh fQYe lekjksg dks izoklh flusek dh ml izfØ;k dks Hkh ns[kuk pkfg, ftlds rgr izoklh flusek ns'kh&Hkk"kk;h psruk ls vUrfØZ;k djrh gSA fQYe leh{kd fouksn Hkkj}kt us dgk fd NksVs fQYe lekjksg Hkh vius fy, fo'ks"k fctusl&ekWMy ,DlIyksj dj ldrs gSaA tokgjyky usg: fo'ofo|ky; esa Mk;liksjk ekeyksa ds fo'ks"kK izks- vt; nwcs us izoklh fQYe lekjksg dks lgh le; ij ,d lgh igy crk;kA bUgksaus dgk fd Mk;liksjk vc Hkkjr ds lkekftd&vkfFkZd vfLrRo dk ,d fuf'pr vkSj t:jh Hkkx gS] 1990 ds ckn ls ftls vkfèkdkfjd :i ls Lohdkj fd;k tkus yxk gSA Mk;liksjk ds lkFk laca/k tksM+us ds vkfFkZd IysVQkeZ rks cgqrsjs fodflr gks x, gSa] ij dE;wfuds'ku dh dfM+;ka vHkh ugha tqM+h gSaA izoklh fQYe lekjksg dk ;g izrhdkRed egRo gS fd ;g flfoy lekt ds Lrj ij dE;wfuds'ku ds fy, ,d igy gSA Hkkjr esa ekWjh'kl ds mPpk;qDr egkefge eqds'oj pqUuh us lekjksg dks gj izdkj ds leFkZu dk vk'oklu fn;kA fczVsu ds fQYedkj fuf[ky dkSf'kd vkSj laLÏfrdehZ fnO;k ekFkqj ds usr`Ro esa fczVsu ds vusd fQYedkjksa dh vksj ls Hksts x, lans'k esa mUgksaus crk;k fd izoklh fQYe lekjksg dks ysdj fczVsu esa fo'ks"k mRlkg gSA

jkds'k JhokLro

53 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A ifjn` ' ;A eq>s viuh LdkVySaM dh ,d ;k=k dk og {k.k ;kn vk jgk gS tc ge MªkbZo djrs gq, LdkVySaM vkSj baXySaM dh lhek ij fLFkr ,d ic esa [kkus&ihus ds fy, :ds FksA ogka ihNs dh nhokj ij fy[kk Fkk& LdkVySaM ds fiz; ukxfjdks! ;g rqEgkjs ns'k LdkVySaM dh lhek dk vk[kjh fcUnq gS& vHkh Hkh oDr gS vius ns'k ykSV tkvks D;kssafd blds i'pkr baXySaM 'kq: gks tkrk gSA

vkradoknh bfrgkl esa ,d vkSj tqM+rk ifjPNsn MkW- lR;sUnz JhokLro

LdkVySaM lalkj dk vn~Hkqr LFkku gSA tks Hkh ogka tkrk gS mldh izkÏfrd xfjek vkSj lkSan;Z ij eksfgr gq, fcuk ugha jg ldrkA ml ns'k&izns'k ds cM+s&cM+s uxj lkjh nqfu;k ds fy, rks egRoiw.kZ lkfcr gksrs gh jgs gSa ij LdkVySaM ds igkM+h bykds ,d ckj ogka x, ugha fd ckj&ckj cqykus yxrs gSaA vktdy ,fMucjk esa txr izfl¼ ,fMucjk QsfLVoy tks ;gka dk okf"kZd egksRlo gS] py jgk gS vkSj og lkjh nqfu;k dk] iwjs dyk txr dk /;ku rks [khaps gh gq, gS] ij vktdy LdkVySaM ,d ubZ rjg dh jktuhfrd leL;k ls Hkh my>k gqvk gSA ml leL;k ds ckjs esa dqN dgus ds iwoZ eSa ,d nks ckrsa viuh LdkVySaM dh 'kq: dh dqN ;k=kvksa ds ckjs esa dguk pkgwaxk D;ksafd os ;k=k,a ,sls le; gqbZ Fkh tc lalkj 'khr ;q¼ dh leL;kvksa ls vkØkUr Fkk] ij vkt ;g ns'k&izns'k ,d fHkUu PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

leL;k ls tw> jgk gSA ij dgha fiNyh leL;kvksa ls tqM+k Hkh gSA esjh LdkVySaM dh igyh dqN ;k=k,a dsoy ogka tkdj ?kweus&NqfV~V;ka fcrkus ;k Ldhax&vFkkZr cQhZyh igkfM+;ksa ij LdksVksa ds }kjk nkSM+us&fQlyus vkSj cQZ ds lkFk f[kyokM+ djus dh gh ugha Fkh ijUrq U;wfDy;j gfFk;kjksa ;k fo/oald ceksa ds fojks/k ds fy, FkhaA vyMjekLVZu tks LdkVySaM ds buojusã {ks= dk egRoiw.kZ fcUnq Fkk ogka tkdj vk.kfod foLQksVd vkSj fouk'kdkjh gfFk;kjksa ds f[kykQ Hkh FkhaA fojks/k dk ;g tqywl yUnu ls 'kq: gksdj dbZ fnuksa dh ;k=k ds ckn vyMjekLVZu igqaprkA ftu fnuksa ge vyMjekLVZu ekpZ djrs Fks rHkh ls ;g [krjk cuk gqvk Fkk fd yhfc;k ds lSfud jk"Vªifr&fMDVsVj vkSj if'peh jk"Vªksa ds ^'k=q* duZy xn~nkQh pkgrs gSa fd vjc ns'k esa Hkh 54 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A ifjn` ' ;A

btjkby ls eqdkcyk djus ds fy, vk.kfod 'kL=ksa dh t:jr gS vkSj tks loZfofnr lh Fkh vkSj if'peh jk"Vª rqys gq, Fks fd yhfc;k dks ,d vk.kfod 'kfDr laiUu ns'k u gksus ls cpkus ds fy, fuf'pr uhfr viukuh gksxhA mu fnuksa vejhdk] fczVsu vkSj ukVks 'kkL=ksa okys la?kh; jk"Vª] lHkh yhfc;k ds duZy xn~nkQh ds f[kykQ FksA bu lHkh ds fy, ;g lSfud vjc usrk ,d cgqr gh [krjukd O;fDr gqvk djrk FkkA ij fczVsu ds fy, yhfc;k [krjukd blfy, Hkh Fkk fd tks yksx la;qDr vk;jySaM dh yM+kbZ yM+ jgs Fks os yksx vkradoknh yhfc;k ls gh 'kL= vkfn dh enn fNidj ys jgs FksA duZy xíkQh dk uke rc ,d [kkSQukd jk{kl ds leku Fkk ;gka ds usrkvksa vkSj ljdkjh yksxksa ds fy, rks os duZy xíkQh ds f[kykQ gj rjg ds dne mBkus ds fy, rS;kj FksA rHkh yk[kch dkaM gqvkA LdkVySaM ds yk[kch {ks= esa ,d BlkBl Hkjk gokbZ tgkt ce ls mM+k fn;k x;kA bl vkradoknh geys ds ihNs ekuk x;k fd duZy xíkQh dh vejhdh vkSj if'peh jk"Vªksa dh vejhdk ls ?k`.kk rFkk f[kykQr okyh uhfr FkhA ml gokbZ tgkt ds vf/kdka'k ;k=h vejhdh Fks vkSj ftu 171 yksxksa dh gR;k gqbZ muesa T;knkrj U;w;kdZ ds vejhdh FksA ftl O;fDr dks bl vkradoknh foLQksV dk ftEesnkj crk;k x;k mldk uke Fkk vCnqy esxzkghA esxzkgh idM+k x;k vkSj mls vkthou dSn dh ltk nh xbZA bl chp nqfu;k dh jktuhfr us djoV yhA rsy dk lksuk lcds fy, p<+dj cksyus yxkA if'peh jk"Vªksa dks rsy dh cgqr vko';drk Fkh vkSj yhfc;k tSls ns'k esa ;gka dh eYVhus'kuy rsy dEifu;ksa us ogka tkdj rsy fudkyus vkSj if'pe esa ykus] cspus dk vfHk;ku 'kq: fd;kA bl chp duZy xíkQh Hkh dkQh cny x, vkSj /khjs&/khjs os iqjkus nq'euksa ds fe= gksrs x,A fczVsu ds fy, os vkfFkZd n`f"V ls cgqr gh egRoiw.kZ O;fDr gks x,A pkgs iz/kkuea=h Vksuh Cys;j gksa ;k xksMZu czkmu lHkh us xíkQh dh fe=rk ikus ds fy, bl csgn vehj jk"Vª ds usrk dks xys yxk;k vkSj bl izdkj fczVsu vkSj yhfc;k ds lkFk fe=rk c<+rh xbZA esxzkgh LdkVySaM dh tsy esa vfHk;qDrksa dk thou thrs jgsA ij oks chekj Hkh gks x, vkSj dSalj ds thou ysrh chekjh ls =LrA tc ;g ?kks"k.kk gqbZ fd esxzkgh vc rhu eghuksa ls vf/kd thfor ugha cpsaxs rc mudks ekuork dh n;k Hkkouk ds varxZr eqfDr dh lykg nh xbZA LdkVySaM dh ljdkj tks LdkfVZ'k us'kufyLV yksxksa dh gS vkSj ftudk /;s; gS fd LdkVySaM ,d Lora= ns'k gksdj ;wjksih; la?k dk lnL; gks tk;s vkSj fczVsu ls] ftlds lkFk I;kj vkSj fp<+ dk ,sfrgkfld fj'rk ges'kk ls gh jgk gS] vyx gks ysA bl us'kufyLV ljdkj us esxzkgh dh tsy PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

ls ekuoh; n;k Hkkouk ds vUrxZr okyh uhfr dks viukdj eqDr dj fn;k x;kA ;gka Lej.k jgs fd LdkVySaM dk dkuwu ,slh fjgkbZ dks eatwjh nsrk gS fd ;fn dSnh ej.kklUu gks rks mls tsy ls fjgk fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj esxzkgh ds lkFk ;gh gqvkA ij yksxksa dks tc ;g lekpkj feyk vkSj Vsyhfotu ij ns[kk fd esxzkgh dk yhfc;k esa ,d ghjks dh rjg Lokxr gqvk vkSj duZy xíkQh us ftl rjg mUgsa lhus vkSj xys ls yxk;k rks vejhdh vkSj fczfV'k yksxksa dks xgjk /kDdk yxkA vejhdh yksxksa dh ukjktxh dk vuqeku yxk;k gh tk ldrk gS D;ksafd gokbZ tgkt ds ce foLQksV esa vejhdh ;k=h gh lcls vf/kd grkgr gq, FksA vc fLFkfr ;g gS fd iqjkus 'k=qvksa dh ,d vksj rks ukjktxh fQj c<+ xbZ gS ij nwljh vksj iSls dk ;FkkFkZ Hkh fd bu ns'kksa dh vkfFkZd fLFkfr dk ,d egRoiw.kZ fgLlk yhfc;k ds rsy vkSj vU; O;olk;kssa ls tqM+k gqvk gSA rks nks ikVksa ds chp dh ;g fLFkfr dqN ^fLFkfr izKrk* okyh gks xbZ gSA fQj fczVsu esa ;g pqukoh o"kZ gS rks ;gka dh jktuhfr csgn voljoknh tSlh gks xbZ gSA fczVsu ds lÙkk:<+ ny dk dguk gS fd esxzkgh dh fjgkbZ ds ihNs dksbZ O;olkf;d Mhfyax ugha gS vkSj fczVsu dh ljdkj LdkVySaM dh ljdkj dk bl fn'kk esa leFkZu dj jgh gS fd esxzkgh dh fjgkbZ LdkWVySaM dh us'kufyLV ljdkj dh uhfr gS vkSj fczfV'k ljdkj dk blesa dksbZ gkFk ugha gSA ij ;gka dh fojks/kh ikfVZ;ka ljdkj ds dFku ij fo'okl ugha dj jgh gSa vkSj ,d Lora= tkap dh ekax dj jgh gSaA Li"V gS fd bu lc oknksa&fooknksa ls LdkfV'k yksx [kq'k ugha gSaA eq>s viuh LdkVySaM dh ,d ;k=k dk og {k.k ;kn vk jgk gS tc ge MªkbZo djrs gq, LdkVySaM vkSj baXySaM dh lhek ij fLFkr ,d ic esa [kkus&ihus ds fy, :ds FksA ogka ihNs dh nhokj ij fy[kk Fkk& LdkVySaM ds fiz; ukxfjdks! ;g rqEgkjs ns'k LdkVySaM dh lhek dk vk[kjh fcUnq gS& vHkh Hkh oDr gS vius ns'k ykSV tkvks D;kssafd blds i'pkr baXySaM 'kq: gks tkrk gSA Q 55 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A ifjn` ' ;A

e`R;q dk vfèkdkj cuke ekuokfèkdkj

LosPNk e`R;q ds vfèkdkj dh ekax bèkj dkQh c<+h gSA vc rd rks vkRegR;k dks gj fdlh èkeZ&laLÏfr us iki ekuk gS vkSj dkuwu us ,slk djus okys vkSj izk.k R;kx djus okys mlds lgk;d ifjtuksa rd dks vijkèkh ekuk gSA ysfdu vc rd ds vusd èkeZ lEer vkSj dkuwu jf{kr fl¼kUr ,d ds ckn ,d ifjorZu dh pisV esa vkrs pys x, gSaA mnkgj.kkFkZ Hkzw.k gR;k iki Hkh vkSj vijkèk Hkh Fkk] ysfdu èkhjs&èkhjs gqvk ;g fd ;fn dksbZ efgyk fdlh dkj.ko'k xHkZikr djokuk pkgrh gS rks ;g lqfoèkk mls vklkuh ls izkIr gks tkrh gSA fookg iwoZ vkSj fookg ls ckgj lsDl lgh ugha ekuk tkrk Fkk] ysfdu ,slk yxrk gS fd vc iwoZ vkSj if'pe esa LoSfPNd ;kSulq[k izkfIr O;fDr dk loZ ekU; vfèkdkj cu pqdk gSA Hkkjrh; ekU;rk ds vuqlkj fookg dks caèku dgk x;k gS ;kfu vkthou ,d lkFk jgus vkSj lq[k&nq%[k ijLij ckaVus dh O;oLFkk] ysfdu bls Hkh ubZ pqukSfr;ksa us fgykdj j[k fn;k gSA ;gka rd yxrk gS fd vkus okys dqN gh o"kks± esa fookg 'kCn iz;ksx Hkh nfd;kuwlhiu dgyk;k tkdj 'kCndks"k dh HksaV p<+ tk,xkA le; dk izokg fujarj ifjorZu dks tUe nsrk gSSA ;fn ;g voèkkj.kk fd] ekuo tUe bZ'ojkèkhu gS] ugha cuh jg ldh] rks fQj dc rd dksbZ thuk pkgrk gS ;k ugha thuk pkgrk] ;g Hkh mlds vèkhu D;ksa jgs\ yxrk gS bZ'oj dh 'kfDr vkSj ekuo dh fuR;&ifjofèkZr {kerk ds chp izfrLièkkZRed gksM+ yxh gSA ekuo dh gh vkLFkkvksa ds cy ij loZ'kfDreku bZ'oj dk ntkZ izkIr mlesa vkSj oSKkfud izxfr ds rst ?kksM+s ij lokj ekuo ds chp ;g gksM+ varr% fdl ifj.kke

ij igqapk,xh vkSj oLrqr% ekuo lksp esa vkSj D;k&D;k ifjorZu ns[kus dks feysaxs ;g rks vkus okyh lfn;ksa ds xHkZ esa Nqik gSA gj ih<+h u,iu dks tUe nsrh gS vkSj bl ;qx esa thus okys mldk gh vuqHko dj jgs gSaA LosPNk e`R;q ds oj.k ds vfèkdkj dh ekax blh dk ,d Lo:i gSA dkj.k dqN Hkh gks] ysfdu bls dfFkr ekuokfèkdkjksa dh ifjfèk esa ykuk vk'p;Zpfdr gSA egkHkkjr dky esa LosPNk e`R;q dk ojnku firkeg Hkh"e dks izkIr gqvk FkkA blfy, D;ksafd vc HkkbZ&caèkq dkSjo vkSj ikaMo muds ns[krs&ns[krs ;q¼ djus ij rqy x, vkSj nq;ksZèku us mudh gj ckr vkSj gj lykg dks ekuus ls budkj dj fn;kA mUgha dks dkSjo lsuk dk lsukifr cuus dks dgk vkSj os vius opu ds vuqlkj mls Bqdjk ugha lds rks os eka xaxk ds ikl igqaps FksA viuh euksO;Fkk izdV dh FkhA bPNk e`R;q dk ojnku mUgsa viuh jkT; drZO; fu"Bk ds cnys feyk FkkA og chekfj;ksa ls rax vkdj vkRegR;k ds fy, ojnku ugha FkkA ml ;qx ds ikap gtkj o"kks± ds ckn ftl dfFkr bPNk e`R;q dh ekax mB jgh gS] og ekuo ds vfèkdkj ds ukrs lkeus vkbZ gSA D;k gS ;g bPNke`R;q\ ;k fQj vkRegR;k dk ,d vfèkdkj ftls ekuo izkIr djus ds fy, dkuwu vkSj èkkfeZd vkLFkk dks pqukSrh ns jgk gSA vktdy fczVsu esa bl fo"k; ij vPNh [kklh cgl py jgh gSA dqN ekeyksa esa ;wjksih; vnkyr us fczfV'k dkuwuksa dks O;fDr ds ekuokfèkdkjksa ls mls oafpr djus dk vkjksi yxk;k gSA ebZ] 2002 esa ,d efgyk Mk,u izsV~Vh tks ^eksVj U;wjkSu* vax&{k; jksx ls ihfM+r FkhaA* mlus ;wjksih; vnkyr esa ;kfpdk nkf[ky djds vkRegR;k lacaèkh vfèkdkj dk

;fn fdUgha ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa fdlh vU; O;fDr ;k laxBu dh lgk;rk ls dksbZ vkRegR;k ;k LosPNke`R;q dk oj.k djrk gS rks mls fcuk tkaps ij[ks èkeZ lEer ;k dkuwu lEer vkèkkj iznku dj fn, tkus ls vkRegR;k djus okyksa dh drkjsa yx tk,axhA PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

56 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A ifjn` ' ;A

;g ekeyk mBk;k FkkA bldk ifj.kke ;g gqvk fd ,d vU; O;fDr jsthukYM Øw tks blh jksx ls xzLr Fkk tuojh 2003 esa igyk fczfV'k ukxfjd cuk] ftlus fLoV~tjySaM tkdj vkRegR;k djus ds fy, ^fMxfuVkl* Dyhfud ls lgk;rk yhA ;g ekeyk Qjojh 2003 esa fczfV'k gkml vkWQ ykWM~lZ esa ,d futh foèks;d ds :i esa ykWMZ tkSQs us mBk;kA ysfdu ckn esa bl foèks;d dks nck fn;k x;kA o"kZ 2005 esa ,d HkwriwoZ fczfV'k fpfdRld ekbdsy nwjfou dks blfy, esfMdy iathdj.k lwph ls gVk fn;k x;k D;ksafd mlus iqfyl dh psrkouh dh mis{kk djrs gq, ,d 60 o"khZ; jksxh dks dkQh lkjh uhan dh xksfy;ka nsdj vkRegR;k djus esa lgk;rk dh FkhA tqykbZ 2009 esa ^dkjksulZ ,aM tfLVl fcy* esa ykWMZ QkWYduj }kjk izLrqr la'kksèku dks ikfjr ugha fd;k ftlesa dqN fo'ks"k fLFkfr;ksa esa yksxksa dks fons'k tkdj vkRegR;kFkZ lgk;rk izkIr djus dh flQkfj'k dh xbZ FkhA ysfdu bl ij Hkh ekjd jksxksa ls xzLr] thou dks vkSj yEck [khapus ds fojksèk esa dqN yksxksa ds iz;kl ugha :dsA varr% vnkyrksa ds }kj [kV[kVkus okyh MsCch iMhZ uke dh efgyk us bruk vfèkdkj rks izkIr dj gh fy;k fd ,slh ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa dkuwu dks Li"V fd;k tk, tc ,d ,sls O;fDr ds fo#¼ eqdnek pyk;k tk ldrk gS tks ,slh vkRegR;k ds bPNqd fdlh dh lgk;rk djrk gSA vc iz'u ;g mBrk gS fd vuojr gksus okys ,sls iz;klksa ds n`f"Vxr ;fn dksbZ ns'k fo'ks"k ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa O;fDr ds vkRegR;k ds vfèkdkj dks Lohdkj dj ysrk gS vkSj ewyHkwr ekuokfèkdkjksa dh ifjfèk esa mls ys vkrk gS rks bldk vke lekt ij D;k vlj gksxk\ dbZ rjg ds rdZ mHkjrs gSaA lEiUu jk"Vªksa esa Hkys gh bldh ekax ekuokfèkdkj ds :i esa mHkjh gS vkSj fLoV~tjySaM tSls ns'kksa esa ,slh O;oLFkk Hkh lqyHk gS ftlds vUrxZr vkRegR;k ds bPNqd O;fDr dks fcuk ihM+k ds ejus esa lgk;rk iznku dh tkrh gSA Hkys gh bl dfFkr lsok dk nke pqdkuk iM+rk gSA vkSj nke pqdkus ds fy, cgqrsjs ekuksa rS;kj cSBs gSaA ysfdu è;ku nsus ;ksX; rF; ;g gS fd thou ds vafre pj.k rd igqaprs&igqaprs izk;% balku vusd dkj.kksa ls Lo;a dks Fkdk] gkjk] grk'k] fujk'k] jksxksa ls xzLr] yxkrkj nok dh xksfy;ka fuxyrk] ltZuksa ds 'kY;fØ;k vL=ksa dh rst èkkj ds uhps dbZ ckj dV dj LFkk;h&vLFkk;h :i ls jksxksa ls eqfDr dh vk'kk&fujk'kk ds lkxj esa Mwcrk&mHkjrk lkal rks mrus gh ys ikrk gS tks mlds HkkX; esa gksrs gSaA oDr vkrk gS tc vax izR;ax iwjh rjg f'kfFky iM+ tkrs gSa] og eukscy [kks nsrk gS] f?klVrs iM+rs thou thus dh bPNk fdlh dh Hkh ugha gksrhA bl ij Hkh dqN vkLFkk ds cy ij bls bZ'oj bPNk ekudj vius PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

thou ds vafre pj.k dks lgrs gSa] vius uSlfxZd var dks Lohdkjrs gSaA dqN var le; rd ekuo lÙkk ds èotokgd curs eupkgh djus dh ps"Vk esa gSaA vkRegR;k dks iki ;k vijkèk ugha ekursA tks ugha Lohdkjrk vc rd dh lekt O;oLFkk ds vuqlkj] ns'k dky dh lhekvksa ls ijs] loZ= dk;j dgykrk vk;k gSA bl fo'o esa loZ= lekt vkSj ml }kjk LohÏr èkeZ ,oa laLÏfr us ;fn bls iki ekuk vkSj vkRegR;k dks xyr Bgjk;k rks yxHkx gj ns'k ds dkuwu us Hkh bls vijkèk ?kksf"kr fd;kA blfy, D;ksafd O;fDr lewgksa ls cuk lekt gh dkuwu dk lgh vkèkkj gksrk gSA lkekftd ekU;rkvksa] O;oLFkkvksa ,oa ijaijkvksa dks è;ku esa j[krs gq, gh ml lekt ij ykxw gksus okys dkuwu curs gSaA rHkh os dkjxj Hkh fl¼ gksrs gSaA ;fn fdUgha ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa fdlh vU; O;fDr ;k laxBu dh lgk;rk ls dksbZ vkRegR;k ;k LosPNke`R;q dk oj.k djrk gS rks mls fcuk tkaps ij[ks èkeZ lEer ;k dkuwu lEer vkèkkj iznku dj fn, tkus ls vkRegR;k djus okyksa dh drkjsa yx tk,axhA Hkkjr dks gh yhft, dbZ ckj ekulwu dh o"kkZ u gksus ls lw[kk iM+us ij xjhch dh ekj dk f'kdkj gksus okys fdlku vkRegR;k dj ysrs gSaA dgha Hkh ;wjksi gks ;k vejhdk lEiUu txr esa tgka thou dh Hkjiwj lq[k lqfoèkk,a gksrs gq, Hkh ekufld jksfx;ksa dh la[;k fujarj c<+h gSA muesa ls vusd tkus vutkus vkRegR;k djrs gSa ;k vkRegR;k djus dk iz;kl djrs gSaA xjhc ns'kksa esa vHkkoxzLr thou vkSj ?kksj foiUurk yksxksa dks vius thou dk var dj nsus dks ckè; djrh gSA ^ukud nqf[k;k lc lalkj*A dkSu lh ,slh txg gS tgka fdlh u fdlh dkj.k ls vusd yksx vius thou esa dHkh u dHkh ,sls {k.kksa ds lkFk lk{kkRdkj ugha djrs tc mUgsa vkSj thuk O;FkZ yxrk gSA fuLlansg bDdhloha lnh esa if'pe esa mHkjrh ;g vk'p;Ztud ekax tks ekuokfèkdkjksa ds yxkrkj foLrkj ikrs lkezkT; ds laj{k.k esa iwoZ izLFkkfir lkeatL;dkjh O;oLFkkvksa dks pqukSrh ns jgh gS] ;fn LohÏr vkSj ekU; gks tkrh gS rks 'ks"k fo'o bls viuk,xk ghA ^Xykscykbts'ku* ;kuh HkweaMyhdj.k dk nkSj gSA ;fn thus dh gksM+ esa gj dksbZ vkxs fudy tkus dh ps"Vk esa gS rks fQj le;iwoZ ejus dh gksM+ D;ksa u 'kq: gksxh\ bl ij Hkh ;g lacafèkr lektksa ij fuHkZj djrk gS fd os O;fDr ds thou ds vfèkdkj vkSj vkèkkj dks etcwr djrs gSa ;k fd bls] tks fd foijhr ekxZ gSA

ujs'k Hkkjrh; 57 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


| ehfM;k okp |

ckck jkenso dE;wfuds'ku

nh?kZ 'okl ysdj ns'k fpUrk Hkkjr esa e/;oxZ dk og cM+k fgLlk tks cktkj ds :i esa fu.kkZ;d gS] mldh fo'o&n`f"V dks x<+us dk izkFkfed lzksr ikWiqyj ehfM;k vkSj ikWiqyj vkè;kRe gSA

ckck jkenso us Hkkjrh; tuekul esa tks txg cukbZ gS og vHkwriwoZ gSA jkenso ds pkgus okyksa esa lHkh oxZ] fopkjèkkjk] jktuhfrd o lkaLd`frd i`"BHkwfe o vfHk:fp ds yksx 'kkfey gSaA ;wa rks jkenso dh ;g yksdfiz;rk o lQyrk ledkyhu ikWiqfyLV izdkj ds vkè;kfRed ^iqutkZxj.k* dk ,d Hkkx gS] ftlds rgr cgqrsjs ckck yksx thou ds pØksa ls eqfDr ds fy, vius&vius dSIlqy dkslsZt ysdj vkèkqfud ekdsZfVax ds lHkh gFkdaMksa ds lkFk cktkj esa ekStwn gSa] ij ,slk gksdj Hkh jkenso dh lQyrk vyx gSA jkenso dh lQyrk dk fo'ys"k.k muds izopu ds daVsV vkSj mldh 'kSyh ls fd;k tk ldrk gSA Vsyhfotu dh vktdy dh yksdfiz;rk vkSj Vsyhfotu ds ekè;e ls vkè;kfRedrk dh yksdfiz;rk dh O;k[;k lekt oSKkfudksa dk ,d oxZ ,d gh izdkj ls djrk gSA lkaLd`frd iqutkZxj.k dh bl dM+h dk lkekftd vkèkkj og uo l`ftr o`gnkdkj eè;oxZ gS ftldk 'kCn laLdkj vkSj Kku laLdkj lhfer gSA oSf'od&,sfrgkfld lanHkZ esa iqutkZxj.k dk okgd og eè;oxZ gksrk gS ftlesa fy[kus&i<+us dk laLdkj&vkSipkfjd f'k{kk ls ysdj i=&if=dk,a vkSj fofoèk iqLrdsa i<+us dk laLdkj egRoiw.kZ gksrk gS] vkSj mldh fo'o&n`f"V x<+us esa ikWIkqyj ehfM;k dk ;ksxnku f}rh;d gksrk gSA Hkkjr esa eè;oxZ dk og cM+k fgLlk tks cktkj ds :i esa fu.kkZ;d gS] mldh fo'o&n`f"V dks x<+us dk izkFkfed lzksr ikWiqyj ehfM;k gSA lektoSKkfudksa dk ,d nwljk oxZ mDr fLFkfr esa vUrfUkZfgr :i ls dksbZ cqjkbZ ugha ns[krkA mldk ekuuk gS fd Hkkjrh; bfrgkl esa lkaLd`frd iqutkZxj.kksa dk lkekftd&vkèkkj ljy&lgt vke tu gh gksrk vk;k gS ftldk Kku fj¶ysfDVo izdkj dk gS] blfy, ikWiqyj ehfM;k vkSj ikWiqyj vè;kRe LokHkkfod :i ls mldk lcls djhch nksLr gSA ckck jkenso viuh ;ksx d{kkvksa esa vktdy ;ksx fl[kkuk vkSj ns'k dh leL;kvksa ij izopu ,d lkFk dj jgsa gSA jk"Vªh; leL;k ij fpark djrs&djrs rqjUr izk.kk;ke ij vkSj izk.kk;ke ls fpark ij f'k¶V djrs gSaA fpark esa vkè;kfRed cksèk dh vUrèkkZjk u fd bxksbfLVd ,slksfl,'ku] vkSj vkUkUn esa iyk;u ugha cfYd lrr tkx:drk&;g ,d ,sls larqyu dk vkg~oku gS] tks ,d ,sls ns'k esa lehphu gS tgka ns'k dh fpark djus okys jktuhfrK futh xSj&tokcnsg Hkz"Vkpkj vkSj pkfjf=d iru esa vkSj vkè;kfRedrk ds dLVksfM;u lar yksx iw.kZ lekt&fujis{krk esa folftZr gksrs gSaA jkenso ^eYVhiy vkbfM;ksyksftt* esa fc[kj x, vke O;fDr ds lkekU; eu dks lqfLFkj gksus ds fy, U;wure ^lsV vkWQ oSY;wt* miyCèk djk jgs gSa] ftldk ijEijk esa iM+ko gS vkSj vkèkqfudrk dh vksj mUeq[ku HkhA blh rjg bFkfud vkbMsafVVht ds bl ;qx esa ,d U;wure jk"Vªh;rkA og lkèkkj.k ls lkèkkj.k O;fDr ls iwjh rjg laokn LFkkfir djus esa l{ke gSa] vkSj dE;wfuds'ku ds BsB Hkkjrh; fl¼kar dks etcwrh ls izLrkfor djrs gSa fd vPNs laokn ds fy, lcls cM+h 'krZ jkds'k JhokLro fo'oluh;rk gSA


58 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


AA dS dSllhh dgh dgh AA

dwcM+ ds dckM+dk vkWWijs'ku gks µ pkSa js pEiw! mnkl pkSa ,s\ dfo lEesyu esa gwV gS x;kS] dS fyQkQk esa de iblk fudjs\ µ nksuksa le> yksA gwV rks ugha gqvk] ysfdu ,d dfork fuLrst gks xbZA fyQ+kQ+s esa de iSls ugha fudys] ysfdu iwjs iSls ?kj ugha yk ik;kA µ igyS dcrk lquk] fQj iblu dh ckrA µ Vgyus fudyk FkkA pkSjkgs ij HkhM+ ,d jksrs gq, vkneh dks fufoZdkj ?ksjs [kM+h FkhA rek'kchuksa dh tekr esa 'kkfey gksrs gq, eSaus ,d ls ektjk iwNkA mlus dku esa crk;k fd bldh iRuh ds lkFk] blh ds lkeus] lkewfgd cykRdkj gqvkA iSls Hkh Nhu ys x,A choh iqfyl&fjiksVZ ugha pkgrh] ihNs cSBh gSA eSaus iwNk fd lc yksx feydj fjiksVZ D;ksa ugha fy[kkrsA mlus ?kwjk vkSj pyrk cukA eSa rek'kchuksa ds chp viuh grk'kchuh ij >qa>ykus yxkA ifr ls lgkuqHkwfr de] ?k`.kk T;knk gks jgh FkhA L=h ds i{k esa dforkuqek dqN iafDr;ka fy[k ekjhA µ lquk rkS lgh! µ gqvk lkewfgd cykRdkj @ ifr duf[k;ksa ls ns[krk jgk ykpkj @ vkSj tc Hkkx x, cykRdkjh @ djkgrs gq, mBh ukjh @ ds'k vkSj diM+s laokjs @ vka[kksa ls cjlus yxs vaxkjs @ xjtrs gq, mlus ifr ls dgk @ tk] rw vc esjs yk;d ugha jgkA --- ppk! pqi D;ksa gks x,\ ugha tek\ ftl ns'k esa jke fcuk çek.kksa ds lhrk ls dg ldrs gSa fd tk rw esjs yk;d ugha jgh] ogka L=h D;ksa ugha dg ldrh fd tk rw esjs yk;d ugha jgk\--- rqeus rks esjh dfork lqudj pqIih lk/kh] ij esjs ,d lkFkh dfo us rks dg fn;k fd dfork D;k gSA eq>s gwV djrs gq, cksyk& cykRdkj rkdroj yksxksa dh fgalk dk [ksy gSA rqEgkjs vuqlkj rks ml vkneh dks yM+rs&yM+rs çk.k ns nsus pkfg,a FksA ;g ,slk gh lksp gS tks cykRdkj ihfM+rkvksa ls Hkh dgrk gS fd u diM+s QVs] u çfrjks/k fd;k u çk.k fn,] fQj cykRdkj dgka gqvkA ;kuh] vxj nksuksa ejs gq, ik, tkrs rc iqfyl vkSj lekt cykRdkj dh iqf"V ekurkA ppk] dfo lkFkh dk rdZ lqudj eSa iqu% lkspus yxkA cM+s&cM+s fo'ys"k.k'kkfL=;ksa] euksoSKkfudksa] lkekftd fpardksa us cykRdkj dks t?kU;re vijk/k ekuk gS] ysfdu dqN yksx lkspus ds fy, ,d f?kukSuh xqatkb'k NksM+ nsrs gSa fd efgyk dh lgHkkfxrk jgh gksxhA os cykRdkj dks fgyrh lqbZ esa /kkxk Mkyus tSlk ekurs gSa tcfd esjs vuqlkj ;g /kkxs dh jhy esa lqbZ /kalkus tSlk gSA fiNys fnuksa ofrZdk uank dk ,d ys[k i<+k Fkk ^dye] dSejk vkSj cykRdkj*A mUgksaus crk;k fd Hkkjr esa gj lky cykRdkj ds mUuhl gt+kj ls T;knk ekeys ntZ gksrs gSa vkSj vla[; ,sls gSa tks Fkkus rd igqaprs gh ughaA ekeys çdk'k esa vkrs gh gSa rks ehfM;k mUgsa ,d fQYe] QS'ku vkSj jksekap ds iSdst dh rjg is'k djrk gSA xjhc vkSjr ds lkFk gqvk cykRdkj ehfM;k ds fy, fjiksVZ dk fo"k; ugha gSA cykRdkj ;fn fdlh fons'kh jktuf;d efgyk] eSfMdy Nk=k ;k /kuk<î dU;k ds lkFk gks rHkh mldh [kcj pV[k+kjs ds lkFk is'k dh tkrh gSaA dye vkSj dSejk nksuksa vU;k; djrs gSaA bu [k+cjksa dk dksbZ Q+kWyksvi ugha gksrkA ppk] fiNys fnuksa cykRdkj ds jktuhfrdj.k dks lcus ns[kkA cgu ek;korh vkSj jhrk tks'kh cgqxq.kk dk ekeyk tsy&csy vkSj [ksnukeksa rd igqap x;kA foHkka'kq fnO;ky us cykRdkjksa dk oxhZdj.k fd;k& nfyr cykRdkj] xSj nfyr cykRdkj] lkekU; cykRdkj] lSfyfczVh cykRdkjA eSa jktfd'kksj dks Hkh csgn ilan djrk gwa] mUgksaus lkekftd igyw ls cykRdkj ij ,d PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

v'kksd pÿËkj yEck ys[k fy[kk ftlds var esa dgk Fkk& ^vnkyr dh vksj ys tk;k tkrk gqvk cykRdkjh og vfHk'kIr vkneh gS ftldh ihB ij iwjh lH;rk dk dwcM+ gSA* µ lgh ckr dghA µ ppk] ;gka ,d vkneh ugha Fkk] lkewfgd cykRdkj gqvk FkkA rkdr ds vkxs fujhg ifr D;k djrk\ ml O;fDr ds çfr esjh ?k`.kk de gksus yxhA eSaus mls dqN /ku fn;k vkSj dgk fd iRuh dh lykg ls vkxs dk d+ne mBkukA cgjgky] esjh dfork gwV gks xbZ vkSj fyQ+kQ+k de jg x;kA µ cM+kS vQlksl gS j;kS ,s dk\ µ vQ+lksl bl ckr dk gS fd cykRdkj ds ckjs esa ukyk;dh lksp T;knk gSA lksp ekuoh; gksuk pkfg, rkfd ,slh nkuoh ?kVukvksa ds ckn ifr&iRuh nksuksa ,d nwljs ds yk;d cus jgsaA cqUnsy[kaM ds fdlkuksa dh rjg lw[ks vkSj dt+Z dh pisV esa vkdj ?kj dh ykt Hkh ^jsgu* u j[kuh iM+sA fnYyh ;equkikj dh rjg fnungkM+s Ldwy ds ckgj ls Nk=kvksa ds vigj.k u gksaA bl lcds fy, lcls t+:jh gS fd lkekftd 'kfDr;ksa }kjk dwcM+ ds dckM+s dk vkWWijs'ku gksA Q

59 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj 2009

A thou 'kS y hA

chekjh dh ek;k 'kkjhfjd y{k.kksa ds euksoSKkfud vk/kkj izÏfr us ekuo 'kjhj cuk;k rks mls lapkfyr djus ds fy, fnekx cuk;kA 'kjhj ,oa fnekx ds vkilh rkyesy ls gh thou pyrk gSA ijUrq bl rkyesy ds vHkko esa euq"; ds 'kjhj ,oa fnekx nksuksa esa chekjh ?kj cuk ysrh gSA oSls rks cM+h ls cM+h chekjh dk bykt esfMdy lkbal esa miyC/k gS ijUrq dbZ ckj lkekU; lh chekjh dk bykt nokvksa ls ugha gks ikrk gS vkSj uk gh dkj.k 'kkjhfjd tkap ls irk yx ikrk gSA flj nnZ] tksM+ksa dk nnZ] /kM+du c<+ tkuk] pDdj vkuk] ekalisf'k;kssa esa f[kapko] xSl dh ijs'kkuh] isV nnZ] ihB nnZ] Nkrh dh /kM+du] lkal dh ijs'kkuh] csgks'kh tSlh dbZ ijs'kkfu;ka gSa ftldk dHkh&dHkh dksbZ ck;ksyksftdy dkj.k ugha gksrk gS fQj Hkh O;fDr blls ijs'kku jgrk gSA bl rjg dh ijs'kkfu;ksa ds ewy esa O;fDr dh HkkoukRed cqukoV] thou n`f"Vdks.k] O;fDr dh lksp rFkk udkjkRed&ldkjkRed izo`fr tSls euksoSKkfud dkj.k gksrs gSaA ,slk ugha gS fd ;s ijs'kkfu;ka okLrfod u gksdj O;fDr ds eu dh mit gSa cfYd ijs'kkfu;ka rks okLrfod gksrh gS ijUrq blds y{k.kksa vkSj rhozrk dh le> okLrfod ugha gksrh gSA gksrk ;g gS fd yEcs le; rd 'kkjhfjd ijs'kkuh nqf'pUrk] volkn tSlh ekufld chekjh dks tUe nsrh gaS] mlh izdkj yEcs le; rd ekufld ruko] mnklh] nqf'pUrk 'kkjhfjd ijs'kkuh dk dkj.k cu tkrk gSA ruko ds nkSjku 'kjhj dk bE;wu flLVe detksj iM+ tkrk gS vkSj okrkoj.k ls gksus okys bUQsDlu ls yM+ ugha ikrkA 'kjhj dk tks flLVe bE;wu esa detksj iM+ tkrk gS ogka chekjh 'kq: gks tkrh gSA tSls ijh{kk ds fnuksa esa cPpksa esa ywteks'ku] lnhZ [kkalh] lkal dh ijs'kkuh] /kM+du dk c<+uk bR;kfnA ruko ls ekalisf'k;ksa esa f[kpko gksrk gSA tSls da/ks] ihB] tka?k] ?kqVus vkSj V[kus ds ikl dh ekalisf'k;ksa vkSj tksM+ksa esaA ;fn ;g f[kapko fdlh fo'ks"k Hkkx esa FkksM+h nsj jg tk, vkSj og Hkkx lkekU; :i ls FkksM+h detksj gks rks ;g 'kkjhfjd ijs'kkuh dk :i ys ysrh gSA tSls ljnnZ] xys rFkk ihB dk nnZ] isV nnZ] tksM+ksa dk nnZ vkfnA ruko ds {k.k esa ge tYnh&tYnh rFkk VwVh gqbZ lkal ysrs gSa tks [kwu esa dkcZu rFkk dqN vko';d ,flM dh ek=k dks de djrk gS vkSj i;kZIr ek=k esa vkWDlhtu efLr"d dks ugha fey ikrk gSA ;s nqf'pUrk ds ck;ksykSftdy flEVEl dks tUe nsrh gS tSls pDdj vkuk] lj dk Hkkjhiu] lkal ysus esa rdyhQ] Nkrh esa tdM+u bR;kfnA tc O;fDr ruko esa gksrk gS rc 'kjhj esa ,Vªykbu PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

uked gkjeksu mRiUu gksrk gS tks ruko ls yM+us esa lgk;d gksrk gSA ruko lekfIr ;k deh ds ckn gkjeksu dh cph gqbZ ek=k dbZ izdkj dh 'kkjhfjd ijs'kkfu;ksa dks tUe nsrh gS tSls lhus dk nnZ] fny esa rst /kM+du bR;kfnA dbZ ckj O;fDr thou ds vU; rukoksa vkSj HkkoukRed dfe;ksa ds fy, Lo;a ij n;k fn[kkus ds fy, vius 'kjhj esa chekjh dh ifjdYiuk dj ysrk gS] vkSj ;g xgjs vopsru ds Lrj ij gksrk gSA dbZ ckj O;fDr vius 'kjhj esa gks jgs lkekU; y{k.kksa dh fdlh cM+h chekjh ds y{k.kksa ls lekurk dj ijs'kku gks tkrk gS vkSj mls Hkh cM+h chekjh dk ,glkl gksus yxrk gSA ,slh ijs'kkfu;ksa essa nok dqN fnuksa rd jkgr rks nsrh gS ijUrq ruko vkus ij ;k fdlh fo'ks"k ifjfLFkfr esa ;g c<+ tkrk gSA ijUrq NksVs&NksVs euksoSKkfud mik;ksa ls ;g ijs'kkuh nwj gks ldrh gSA O;fDr dks vius MkWDVj ij Hkjkslk djuk pkfg,A lkekU;r% cM+h chekjh ds oge esa O;fDr dbZ MkWDVjksa ds ikl ?kwers gSaA vius thou ds ruko rFkk ijs'kkfu;ksa dks igpkusaA 'kkjhfjd y{k.k rFkk ruko ds chp ds ckjhd laca/kksa dks <wa<sa rFkk mu ijs'kkfu;ksa dks igys ns[ksa ftldh mifLFkfr 'kkjhfjd y{k.kksa dks tUe nsrh gSA vius thou ds HkkoukRed igyqvksa ij è;ku nsaA vius beks'kuy baVsyhtsal dks ifjiDo cuk,aA O;fDr dh HkkoukRed cqf¼ gh fj'rs] dSfj;j tSlh thou ds lHkh igyqvksa dks ldkjkRed ;k udkjkRed :i esa ysrh gSA vius lkspus rFkk ,glkl djus ds rjhds rFkk mlls ?kVrs&c<+rs 'kkjhfjd chekjh ds y{k.kksa dks ns[ksa rFkk igpkusaA udkjkRed lksp rFkk ukdkjkRed izo`fr fujk'kk rFkk mnklh dks tUe nsrh gS tks chekjh ds y{k.kksa dks c<+krh gSA vius vanj ldkjkRed lksp c<+k;sa rFkk [kqn dks izksRlkfgr djsa vkSj dfFkr chekjh ds y{k.kksa ij tYnh ttesaV u vkjksfir djsa vkSj fujis{k Hkko ls mls VkysaA czhfnax fjysDlslu lkal dks fu;af=r djus esa enn djsxkA viuh thou ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds ckjs esa bZekunkj rFkk oLrqfu"B jgsa] viuh vlQyrkvksa ds rdZlaxfrdj.k ds fy, viuh chekjh dks cgkuk u cuk,aA bl ckjs esa tkx:d jgsa ,slk u gks fd thou dh vU; dqaBk;sa vfHkO;fDr dk dksbZ vkSj ek/;e u ikdj Lo;a dks 'kjhj ds lkFk ,lksfl,V djus yxsaA bZekunkjh dh 'kq:vkr Lo;a ls djsasA bZekunkjh dk LokLF; ls Hkh xgjk fj'rk gSA

vatq flUgk 60 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A la L d` f rA

eukst JhokLro dks vUrjjk"Vªh; okrk;u dfork lEeku&2009

9 flrEcj] okrk;u iks,Vªh vkWu lkmFk cSad dh dfork vkSj ;w-ds- fgUnh lfefr ds rRoko/kku esa yanu esa vk;ksftr ,d fo'ks"k dk;ZØe esa çfl¼ dykdkj] lbZn tkQ+jh us Jh eukst JhokLro dks varjjk"Vªh; okrk;u dfork lEeku&2009 ls lEekfur fd;kA MkW- lR;sUæ JhokLro th dh v/;{krk esa] MkW- ines'k xqIr us bl dk;ZØe dk lapkyu fd;kA e/; çns'k ljdkj ds yksd lsok vk;ksx esa laLÏfr lfpo vkSj Hkkjr Hkou] Hkksiky ds VªLVh lfpo vkSj ^ekè;e* ds çca/k funs'kd] eukst JhokLro ,d cgqçK ys[kd gSaA dfo gksus ds lkFk&lkFk] eukst JhokLro fgUnh lkfgR; vkSj jkek;.k ds Hkh eeZK gSaA usg# dsUæ us eukst JhokLro dks ,d O;k[;ku] jkepfjrekul% vk/kqfud lUnHkZ ds fy;s Hkh vkeaf=r fd;k] ftls Jksrkvksa us cM+s vkuUn ls lquk vkSj muls dbZ ç'u iwNsA Hkkjrh; lkaLÏfrd laca/k ifj"kn~ ds lg;ksx ls okrk;u lEeku dh LFkkiuk lu~ 2004 esa gqbZ vkSj rc ls vc rd ;s iqjLdkj oa'kh ekgs'ojh] ujs'k 'kkafMY;] foKku ozr] jkts'k jsM~Mh] vfuy tks'kh dks fn;k tk pqdk gSA Q PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

61 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A lkfgR;A


O;fDrRo vkSj —frRo iqf"irk dks fdlh ,d [kkaps esa j[k ikuk dfBu gS & og v/;kid gSa] dof;=h gSa] lEiknd] vuqoknd] dgkuhdkj] dq'ky laxBudrkZ] fgUnh dh fo'onwr gSaA dkuiqj] Hkkjr esa tUeh iqf"irk dh i<+kbZ jkt?kkV] okjk.klh ds izfrf"Br ts- Ï".kewfrZ Qkm.Ms'ku (cukjl fgUnw fo'ofo|ky; ls lEc¼) esa gqbZ] ckn esa og ts- Ï".kewfrZ Qkm.Ms'ku ds olUr dkWyst QkWj okseSu ds fgUnh foHkkx dh izeq[k Hkh jghaA lkekftd ljksdkjksa ls xgjkbZ ls tqM+h iqf"irk ^cpiu cpkvks vkUnksyu* vkSj L=h vf/kdkjksa ds fy, la?k"kZjr lewgksa ls lfØ;rk ls tqM+h jgh gSaA vius lwjhuke izokl ds nkSjku iqf"irk us vFkd iz;kl djds ,d fgUnh leqnk; rS;kj fd;k ftldh ifj.kfr muds }kjk vuqfnr vkSj lEikfnr ledkyhu lwjhukeh ys[ku ds nks laxzgksa ^dfork lwjhuke* (jktdey izdk'ku] 2003) vkSj ^dgkuh lqjhuke (jktdey izdk'ku] 2003) esa gqbZA mUgksaus eksuksxzkQ ^lwjhuke* (jktdey izdk'ku] 2003) Hkh fy[kk gSA iqf"irk ds dfork laxzgksa ^'kCn cu dj jgrh gSa ½rq,a* (dFkk:i 1997)] ^v{kr* (jktdey izdk'ku] 2002)] ^bZ'ojk'kh"k* (jktdey izdk'ku] 2005) vkSj ^ân; dh gFkhyh* (jktdey izdk'ku] 2008) vkSj dgkuh laxzg ^xks[k:* (jktdey izdk'ku] 2002) dks lkfgR; jfldksa dh ljkguk feyhA fgUnh vkSj laLÏr ds fo}ku iafMr fo|kfuokl feJ ls mudk laokn ^lkaLÏfrd vkyksd ls laokn* (Hkkjrh; KkuihB] 2006) ledkyhu fgUnh vkSj fgUnh lekt dh fodkl;k=k dks ntZ djus dk vuwBk iz;kl gSA iqf"irk dks dkO;ikB ds fy, tkiku] ekWfj'kl] vesfjdk] baXySaM lfgr dbZ ;wjksfi;u vkSj dSfjfc;u ns'kksa esa vkeaf=r fd;k x;kA bafM;u bafLVV~;wV ,ElVMZe us fMd IyDdj vkSj yksMfod czaV }kjk Mp esa fd, mudh dforkvksa ds vuqokn dk ,d laxzg 2008 essa izdkf'kr fd;k gSA laidZ% PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

62 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A lkfgR;A

iqf"irk ds izeq[k dkO; laxg z ^v{kr* vius ^v{kr* dfork laxzg ds ek/;e ls iqf"irk us izse ds vk/;kfRed Lo:i dks mdsjus dk ;FkklaHko iz;kl fd;k gSA ;s dfork,a izse ds yxHkx lHkh jkLrksa ls xqtjrh gqbZ] mldh nSfgdrk ls cprh gqbZ] mldh :gkuh xgjkb;ksa vkSj Åapkb;ksa dks Nwrh gqbZ vkxs c<+rh gSaA bu leLr dforkvksa dks ,dkRe :i esa ns[ksa rks ;g dkO; laxzg izse dk ,d egkdkO; :i gekjs lkeus ykrk gS] ftlesa izse dh bUnz/kuq"kh NVk ds egkn'kZu gksrs gSaA bu dforkvksa esa izse dh iwokZgV gS] izoklh ihM+k gS] mifLFkfr gS] vuqifLFkfr gS] vkLFkk gS] Lohdk;Z gS] mUeqDrrk gS] pqIih gS] fuukn gS] fgpfd;ka gSa] fllfd;ka gSa] Le`fr gS] cspSuh gS] dld gS] vdqykgV gS] ijNkbZa gS] izrh{kk gS---- izse ds vkSj Hkh u tkus fdrus :i--- fdrus fcEc--- fdrus miekuA ;s izse dfork,a cM+s gh lgt ysfdu rkdroj vfHkO;fDr ds :i esa lkeus vkrh gSaA

ujs'k 'kkafMY; ○

^v{kr* dh dforkvksa esa ge izse dh vfHkO;atuk dk ,d oSfo/;iw.kZ lalkj ns[krs gSaA ^v{kr* dh 'kq#vkrh dfork,a ^'kCn cu dj jgrh gSa ½rq,a* ls x`ghr gSaA fdUrq ^v{kr* dh euksHkwfe iz.k;] izse vkSj leiZ.k dh lhekvksa dks Nwrh gqbZ dof;=h ds Hkko txr dk vk[;ku cu xbZ gSA ;s dfork,a vuqHkwfr dh dksey ohfFk;ksa ls xqtjrh gqbZ iz.k; ds gkfnZd mÙkki dks ntZ djrh gSaA izse cxSj vkgV gekjs Hkhrj izos'k djrk gSA og 'kwU; dks ljl djus okyk vkSj jsr esa iz.k; dh v{k; Nk;k Hkjus okyk gSA nsg vkSj xsg dh fdruh gh O;atuk,a ;gka fc[kjh gSaA bu dforkvkas esa iz.k; dh lqfo/kkuqdwy Nfo;ka gh ugha gSa] iz.k; dh jkg vxksjus esa O;rhr izrh{kkvksas] fodyrkvksa rFkk ru&eu dks larki ls Hkj nsusokyh fLFkfr;ksa dh Hkh ckuxh feyrh gSA

vkse fu'py ○

^bZ'ojk'kh"k* ^bZ'ojk'kh"k* iz[;kr dof;=h iqf"irk dk rhljk dkO; laxzg gSA blls igys ^v{kr* vkSj ^'kCn cudj jgrh gS ½rq,a* izdk'k esa vk pqds gSaA vius lwjhuke izokl ds nkSjku fy[kh xbZ iqf"irk dh ;s jpuk,a dSjsfc;kbZ ns'kksa ds HkkSxksfyd] lkekftd o lkaLÏfrd okrkoj.k dk vUos"k.k djrh gqbZ oSf'od Lrj ij ekuoh;rk dks /ofur djrh ekywe iM+rh gaSA nqfu;k ds yxHkx gj {ks= ds yksx ;gka jg jgs gSa] bl dkj.k Hkh ekuo'kkL=h;&fofo/krk ds n'kZu ;gka vki djrs gSaA laosnukvksa vkSj lkekftd ljksdkjksa dks vius 'kCnksa ds frfyLe&ik'k esa bl dnj [kwclwjrh ls cka/kk gS fd lc dqN ,d bZ'ojh; ojnku lk vykSfdd vkSj LofxZd vkHkk ls ugk;k izrhr gksrk gSA

ujs'k 'kkafMY; ○

^ân; dh gFksyh* iqf"irk dh izse dforkvksa dk foU;kl vius ledkyhuksa ls cgqr vyx gSA mudh gh ,d dfork ^iqutZUe dk lq[k* dh iafDr;ka dgrh gSa& lkjh LrC/k xfr ds ckotwn @ eSa ml rjg ugha py jgh @ tSls nqfu;k nkSM+ jgh gS @ D;ksafd eSa tkurh gwa @ tgka xfr cgqr gksrh gS @ ogka xgjkbZ ugha gksrh gS cgqrA ;g tks vyx&lk gksuk] fn[kuk vkSj pyuk gS] ;g tks xfr ugha] xgjkbZ dh fpark djuk gS] ;gh iqf"irk dh dforkvksa dh rkdr gSA dsnkjukFk flag dh ,d iafDr gS& bl le; lM+d ij py jgk dksbZ Hkh O;fDr esjk ledkyhu ugha gSA bl okD; dh jks'kuh esa iqf"irk dh dfork,a Bhd ls le>h tk ldrh gSaA mUgsa xfr ugha] xgjkbZ dh ijokg gS] 'kCn ugha] laosnuk dh ijokg gS] rHkh rks mldh ys[kuh ls ^nsg&dqlqe* vkSj ^nsg dh pkd ls* tSlh dfork,a QwVrh gSa& f'k'kq tUe dh dYiuk] mRlork vkSj dkeuk ls HkjhA ,d fHkUu fdLe dh uork&uohurk dk vkLokn gS bu dforkvksa esa& v/kjksa us 'kCnksa ls cukbZ gS vYiuk vkSj /kM+duksa us izrh{kk dh y; eas xk, gSa&fcydqy u, xhr&,d rjy] lty laosnuk tSls ^ân; dh gFksyh* ij jph gqbZ gksA

vkse fu'py PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

63 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj




dM+kgh e'k:e lkexzh% 200 xzke e'k:e] 1 f'keyk fepZ] 2 I;kt] 4 VekVj] 1 VqdM+k vnjd] 5&6 yglqu dh dfy;ka] 2 gjh fepZ] 1 Vh Liwu ued] 1@2 Vh Liwu yky fepZ ikmMj] 1 Vh Liwu /kfu;k ikmMj] 1@4 Vh Liwu gYnh ikmMj] 1@2 Vh Liwu xje elkyk] 4 Vs- Liwu ?khA


uoEcj] lu~ 2009 2 uoEcj

Luku&nku&ozr dh dkfrZd iwf.kZek] xaxk&Luku] xq#ukud t;arh&ukud'kkgh lEor~ 541 'kq:] rqylh&fookgksRlo iw.kZA

3 uoEcj

fof/k% e'k:e dks yEcs VqdM+ksa esa dkV ysaA f'keyk fepZ dks pkSdksj VqdM+ksa esa dkV ysaA I;kt vkSj VekVj dks ckjhd dkV ysaA vnjd] yglqu vkSj gjh fepZ dks ihl ysaA ,d dM+kgh esa xje djsaA vc blesa I;kt Mkydj xqykch gksus rd ÝkbZ djsaA blesa vnjd yglqu dk isLV Mkydj Hkwu ysaA VekVj Mkydj rc rd Hkwurs jgsa tc rd elkyk rsy u NksM+ nsA vc blesa ued] yky fepZ] èkfu;k vkSj gYnh ikmMj Mky dj Hkwu ysaA e'k:e dks 1@4 di ikuh esa Mkydj /kheh vkap ij idus nsaA tc e'k:e uje gks tk;s rks mlesa f'keyk fepZ Mkydj 2&3 feuV rd idk;sa vkSj vkap ls mrkj ysaA xje elkyk Mkydj xekZxeZ dM+kgh e'k:e uku ijkBs ds lkFk loZ djsaA fdrus yksxksa ds fy,% 5

xksi (ekxZ'kh"kZ) ekl çkjEHk] dkR;k;uh nsoh dh ekli;ZUr iwtkA

5 uoEcj lad"Vh Jhx.ks'k prqFkhZ ozr

11 uoEcj Jhegkohj Lokeh nh{kk dY;k.kd (tSu)

14 uoEcj 'kfu&çnks"k ozr] usg: t;arh] lar Kkus'oj lekf/k mRlo

15 uoEcj ekfld f'kojkf= ozrA

16 uoEcj Luku&nku&Jk¼ dh lkseorh vekoL;kA

iuhj tkyÝsth lkexzh%

17 uoEcj ykyk yktirjk; cfynku fnol

19 uoEcj egkjkuh y{ehckbZ t;arh] bafnjk xk¡/kh tUefnol] ,drk fnolA

200 xzke iuhj] 150 xzke xktj] 2 f'keyk fepZ] 2&3 I;kt] 4 lkcqr yky fepZ] 1 Vh Liwu yky fepZ ikmMj] 1&4 Vh Liwu thjk] 1 Vh Liwu vnjd&yglqu dk isLV] 2 Vh Liwu fljdk] 6 Vh Liwu VkWesVks lkWl] ued Loknkuqlkj] 5&6 Vs- Liwu rsyA

20 uoEcj ojnfouk;d prqFkhZ ozr

23 uoEcj lR;lkb±ckck tUefnolA

24 uoEcj HkDr ujflag esgrk t;arh] f=fnolh; dkR;k;uh egkiwtk çkjEHk] xq# rsxcgknqj 'kghnh fnolA

fof/k% ,d iSu esa rsy xje djsa] thjk Mkydj pVdus nsaA yky fepZ vkSj I;kt Mkydj ÝkbZ djsaA tc I;kt czkmu gks tk;s rks yky fepZ ikmMj] fljdk] vnjd&yglqu dk isLV Mkydj ÝkbZ djsaA vc blesa iuhj] xktj vkSj f'keyk fepZ ds VqdM+s Mkydj pyk;sa] VkWesVks lkWl vkSj ued Mkydj feyk;sa] jksVh ds lkFk loZ djsaA fdrus yksxksa ds fy,% 5 PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

25 uoEcj JhnqxkZ"Veh] JhvUuiw.kkZ"Veh ozr] cqèkk"Veh ioZ (lw;Zxzg.krqY;)

28 uoEcj Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk t;arh] bZn&my&tqgk (cdjhn)A

64 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj 2009

| okLrq |

O;olk; esa okLrq dk egRo frtksjh ds vklikl] iwtk ds LFkku ;k Hkou ds vU; Hkkx esa edM+h ds tkys ugha gksus pkfg,aA edM+h ds tkys gksus ls nfjnzrk c<+rh gSSA

O;kikfj;ksa ds lkeus lcls igyh leL;k gksrh gS fd os viuk xYyk ;k frtksjh dgka j[ksaA izk;% dqcsj dh mÙkj fn'kk esa frtksjh j[kus dh lykg nh tkrh gSA ij okLrq 'kkL= ds vkèkkjHkwr fu;eksa ds vuqlkj mÙkj fn'kk [kqyh gksuh pkfg,A blfy, lqj{kk dh n`f"V ls mÙkj fn'kk esa frtksjh j[kus dh lykg ugha nh tk ldrhA vr% bls mŸkj iwoZ nf{k.k&if'pe fn'kk esa j[kk nf{k.k iwoZ tk ldrk gSA ij ;g LFkku eq[; }kj ls nwj gksuk nf{k.k if'pe pkfg,A frtksjh fLFkj 4 mŸkj if'pe ik;ksa ij cuh gksuh pkfg, vkSj blesa 5 deyxV~Vs vkSj gYnh dh lkcqr 5 xkaBsa Hkh j[kuh pkfg,aA frtksjh ij LokfLrd fpUg vo'; vafdr gksuk pkfg,A gfjnzk ls egky{eh cgqr izlUu jgrh gSaA nqdku ,oa O;kolkf;d izfr"Bku esa Jh;a= dh LFkkiuk dh tkuh pkfg, vkSj blds le{k Lo;a ;k fdlh

iafMr ds }kjk JhlwDr vkSj dudèkkjk L=ksr dk ikB gksuk pkfg,A frtksjh j[kus ds LFkku dh Vk;yksa vkSj nhokjksa dk jax lqugjh ;k xsgawvk gksuk pkfg,A frtksjh dHkh Hkh 'kgrhj ds uhps ugha j[kuh pkfg,A frtksjh ds vklikl] iwtk ds LFkku ;k Hkou ds vU; Hkkx esa edM+h ds Ëku gkfu tkys ugha gksus pkfg,aA vuko';d O;; edM+h ds tkys gksus ls nfjnzrk c<+rh gSSA Ëkukxe o`fº frtksjh dk fiNyk vR;fËkd [kpZ fgLlk nf{k.k if'pe esa gksuk pkfg, rkfd og mÙkj ;k iwoZ fn'kk esa [kqysA frtksjh tgka j[kh gS ml dejs dh ÅapkbZ vU; dejkssa dh ÅapkbZ ls de ugha gksuh pkfg, vkSj bldk vkdkj oxkZdkj ;k vk;rkdkj gksuk pkfg,A

fofHkUu fn'kkvkssa esa frtksjh j[kus ds ifj.kke


iz-Vq- C;wjks 65 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A fgUnh Kku iz f r;ks f xrkA

fons'kh gkFkksa esa fgUnh dh e'kky ;w-ds- fgUnh lfefr] yanu ds rRokoèkku esa ;wjksi esa vk;ksftr ^fgUnh Kku izfr;ksfxrk&2009* ds 11 p;fur fons'kh Nk=&Nk=kvksa] ¼ ftlesa 3 fczVsu] 4 :l] 2 jksekfu;k] 1 gaxjh vkSj 1 Øks,f'k;k ls gSa½ ds 10 fnolh; Hkkjr&Hkze.k dk vk;kstu v{kje~ vkSj Hkkjrh; lkaLÑfrd lacaèk ifj"kn~ dh vksj ls fd;k x;kA 24 - 25 vxLr] 2009 dks fgUnh ds ;s fons'kh fo|kFkhZ du[ky gfj}kj vkSj nsgjknwu dh ;k=k ij FksA ;k=k ds nkSjku fo'oizfl) ;ksxxq# ckck jkenso vkSj mÙkjk[k.M ds eq[;ea=h MkW- jes'k iks[kfj;ky ^fu'kad* ls HksaV; jghA blds ckn fo|kFkhZ bykgkckn vkSj v;ks/;k Hkh x;sA izLrqr gS bl ;k=k dh laf{kIr fjiksVZ--'kfuokj 24 vxLr dh lqcg ikSus vkB cts vfuy tks'kh th (v{kje~ ds vè;{k) dk Qksu vk;k--- ujs'k th vki dgka gSa\--eSVªks esa gwa] cl igqapus gh okyk gwaA djksyckx esVªks lhVh gksVyA ogha ls fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks ysuk gS uk\ ---gka] vPNk ,slk djuk] ge (;kfu vfuy th vkSj mudh iRuh ljkst th) iapdqb;ka jksM ij feysaxs] gesa ogha ls ys ysuk--- Bhd gS] eSa 'kf'kdkar th (v{kje~ ds lfpo) dks Hkh ogha vkus dks dg nsrk gwaA djksyckx ds esVªks lhVh gksVy esa lHkh fo|kFkhZ bartkj dj jgs FksA ekWjh'kl dh jkek;.k laLFkkvksa ls tqM+s ;ksxs'k vxzoky Hkh FksA vkbZ-lh-lh-vkj- ds v'kksd tktksfj;k Hkh viuh iRuh] csVs vkSj fcfV;k ds lkFk FksA tSls gh yEch&pkSM+h ,-lh- cl esa lc cSB x,--- v'kksd th us lcdh fxurh dh vkSj Mªkboj ls dgk& pyks! ---bl izdkj jkLrs ls vfuy th] ljkst th vkSj 'kf'kdkar th dks ysrs gq, ge py iM+s esjB dh vksj tgka pkSèkjh pj.k flag fo'ofo|ky; esa ogka ds fgUnh foHkkxkè;{k MkW- uohu pUn yksgkuh th us bu fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds fy, ,d lEeku lekjksg dk vk;kstu dj j[kk FkkA gka] bl chp uks,Mk ls xksiky

vxzoky th (v{kje~ ds mikè;{k) Hkh gekjh Vksyh esa 'kkfey gks x,A

du[ky (gfj}kj) esa ckck jkenso ds lkFk

nsgjknwu esa eq[;ea=h MkW- fu'kad ds dk;kZy; esa


pkSËkjh pj.kflag fo'ofo|ky;] esjB dk lEeku lekjksg yxHkx nksigj esa ge esjB esa FksA yksgkuh th ds usr`Ro esa ogka ds izeq[k izkè;kidksa vkSj Nk=&Nk=kvksa us lcdk Lokxr&lRdkj fd;kA ,d cM+s ls gkWyuqek dejs esa 'kkunkj xks"Bh gqbZA fons'kh ewy ds Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks vius&vius oSfoè;iw.kZ mPpkj.k esa fgUnh cksyrs gq, lquus vkSj ns[kus dk peRdkjh izHkko ogka mifLFkr yksxksa dh vka[kksa ls Li"V >kad jgk FkkA fons'kh Nk=&Nk=kvksa ds eq[k ls fujkyk] cPpu] f=ykspu] ukxktqZu] ehj rdh ehj vkfn dh jpuk,a lqu dj rks lHkh VdVdh ckaèks bu fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds psgjs ns[k jgs FksA fizaV ehfM;k ds cgqr ls yksx Hkh ogka ekStwn FksA nwljs fnu] lquk gS lHkh v[kckjksa esa bu fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh [kcjsa NkbZ jghaA esjB esa yksgkuh th us ge lcds fy, gksVy esa yap dk bartke Hkh fd;k gqvk FkkA

66 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A fgUnh Kku iz f r;ks f xrkA

;ksx xq# ckck jkenso ls eqykdkr 'kke ikap cts rd gesa du[ky igqapuk Fkk] tgka xksiky vxzoky th ds ekè;e ls ;ksx ½f"k ckck jkenso th ls gekjh eqykdkr r; FkhA dsoy fo|kFkhZ gh ugha] ge lc Hkh ckck jkenso ls lk{kkr~ feyus ds bl lqvolj dks lpeqp esa ?kfVr gqvk ns[kus ds fy, ykykf;r FksA ge igqaps 5-30 cts--- ckck jkenso nwljh ehfVax esa O;Lr Fks--- D;k djrs\ bUrtkj djus ds vykok\ ---,d cM+s ls gkWy esa izrh{kkjr cSBs jgs--- vke dk 'kjcr lcds fy, vk;k--- dqN fons'kh Nk=kvksa us eqag Hkh fcpdk;k--- dqN us nksckjk Hkh ekaxkA [kSj] vkf[kj oks ?kM+h vkbZ-- ,d us dgk& ^ckck vk jgs gSaA* gekjh iydsa frrfy;ksa&lh epyus yxhA ckck jkenso us T;ksa gh izos'k fd;k] yxk ekuks lk{kkr~ ,d izdk'kiqat gekjs lkeus vk [kM+k gqvk gksA lcus ckck dks iz.kke fd;kA dqN us pj.kLi'kZ fd,A vkSipkfjd ifjp; ds ckn--- fgUnh Kku izfr;ksfxrk dh ifjdYiuk vkSj ;kstukvksa dh tkudkjh nhA ,d lkFk 5 ns'kksa ds 11 fons'kh Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks fgUnh cksyrk ns[k ckck Lo;a vk'p;Zpfdr FksA ge ckck jkenso dks ns[kdj xnxn Fks vkSj lEHkor% ckck jkenso ge lcdks ns[kdjA vpkud ckck dh vka[kksa esa ,d fo'ks"k ped ds n'kZu gq,A og ped nwj&n`f"V dh Fkh--- mu ,d&nks {k.kksa esa gh 'kk;n ckck us cgqr dqN lksp fy;k Fkk--pqVdh ctkdj mUgksaus vius ,d vfèkdkjh dks dgk& ^vkLFkk pSuy okyksa dks cqykvksA* vkLFkk pSuy okys gkftj gq,--- dSejs] ekbd lsV gq,--- ckck jkenso ,d izksQs'kuy ,adj dh Hkwfedk esa Fks--- ,d&Ms<+ ?kaVs ds dk;ZØe cksyuk 'kq: fd;k& vkt lpeqp cM+s xkSjo dk fnu gS-- ftl fgUnh Hkk"kk dks cksyus esa gekjs dqN yksx ghu Hkkouk dk vuqHko djrs gSa mlh fgUnh Hkk"kk dks fons'kh ewy ds vkSj izoklh Nk=&Nk=kvksa ds eq[k ls vkt ge lqusaxsA muls cM+s&cM+s fgUnh dfo;ksa dh dfork,a lqusaxsA blls lEHkor% gekjs eu esa viuh Hkk"kk ds izfr lEeku dk Hkko txs---A vkSj bl izdkj

,d&,d dj ckck us fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks cqyk;k--- mudh ckrksa ij viuh fVIif.k;ka dha-- vk'khokZn fn;kA dfork&izseh ckck jkenso fons'kh fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds eq[k ls fgUnh ds ewèkZU; dfo;ksa dh dfork,a lqudj Hkko&foHkksj gks x,A :l dh ,d Nk=k us tc ukxktqZu dh dfork& ^vdky vkSj vdky ds ckn* lqukbZ rks ckck jkenso dh vka[kksa esa ueh vkSj [kq'kh ds ,d lkFk n'kZu gq,A 'kf'kdkar th dh x+t+y] vfuy th dh dfork ^lhrk dks lksus dk e`x pkfg,* vkSj esjs nksgksa dks ckck jkenso us vius vk'kh"k ls uoktkA ;g dk;ZØe ckn esa 26 vxLr dks Hkkjr vkSj vU; 160 ls vfèkd ns'kksa esa izlkfjr Hkh gqvkA txrizfl¼ ;ksx xq# ckck jkenso ls ;g eqykdkr lpeqp o"kks± o"kZ; jgsxhA

gj dh ikSM+h] gfj}kj esa Luku

Jh ohjsUnz xqIrk] egkfuns'kd & Hkk-lka-la-i-

Jh vt; xqIrk]

nsj jkr ge gfj}kj igqapsA gj laiknd & xxukapy dh ikSM+h ij gksus okyh vkjrh ls oafpr jgsA [kSj] gksVy esa ijEijkxr rjhds ls cSBdj Hkkstu djus dh O;oLFkk us eu esa

bafM;k baVjus'kuy lsaVj esa fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds vfHkuanu lekjksg dk n`'; PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

MkW- d.kZ flag] vè;{k & Hkk-lka-la-i-

67 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A fgUnh Kku iz f r;ks f xrkA

lksbZ Hkkjrh;rk dks dqN gn rd txk;kA vkSj geus ?kj ds ls [kkus dk Lokn fy;kA fons'kh ewy ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks Hkh bl lcesa etk vk;kA lqcg gj dh ikSM+h ij Luku djus dh ;kstuk cuk] lc vius&vius fcLrjksa esa nqcd x,A fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds Bgjus dh O;oLFkk vkbZ-lh-lh-vkj- dh vksj ls vkSj gekjh mÙkjk[k.M ljdkj dh vksj ls FkhA gj dh ikSM+h ij Luku lHkh us rks ugha fd;k] ij ftl&ftl us Hkh fd;k og ,dne rjksrktk vuqHko dj jgk FkkA uk'rs&ikuh ds ckn ge nsgjknwu jokuk gks x, tgka ogka ds lkfgR;dkjksa ls feyu dk dk;ZØe vk;ksftr Fkk vkSj ckn esa mÙkjk[k.M ds eq[;ea=h Mk- jes'k iks[kfj;ky ^fu'kad* ls Hkh feyuk r; FkkA Jherh deyk fla?koh dk Lokxr djrs fouksn lanys'k

nsgjknwu esa vk;ksftr lkfgfR;d Lusg feyu lkfgfR;d Lusgfeyu ds dk;ZØe esa mÙkjk[k.M ds vusd x.kekU; lkfgR;dkj&dfo&ys[kd&i=dkj mifLFkr FksA ofj"B dof;=h tks'kh] iz[;kr dfo cqf¼ukFk feJ vkSj ;ksxsUnz 'kekZ v:.k dh fo'ks"k mifLFkfr us dk;ZØe dks xfjek iznku dhA bl dk;ZØe ds rqjUr ckn ge lc eq[;ea=h ds dk;kZy; dh vksj jokuk gq,A

mŸkjk[k.M ds ekuuh; eq[;ea=h MkW- jes'k iks[kfj;ky ^fu'kad* ls eqykdkr mÙkjk[k.M ds ;qok vkSj dfo ân; eq[;ea=h MkW- jes'k iks[kfj;ky ^fu'kad* ls bu fons'kh fgUnh Nk=&Nk=kvksa dh eqykdkr cM+h ,sfrgkfld jghA eq[;ea=h dk fo'kky d{k gdhdr esa ,d ^vUrjjk"Vªh; fgUnh laxks"Bh* esa rCnhy gks x;kA ekuuh; eq[;ea=h us bl volj ij mÙkjk[k.M jkT; esa ,d vUrjjk"Vªh; Hkk"kk laLFkku dh LFkkiuk dk fu.kZ; fy;k vkSj ogka mifLFkr eq[; lfpo ls] bl ifjdYiuk dks


dk;kZfUor djus ds fy,] ;FkklEHko dne mBkus ds funsZ'k Hkh fn,A ;gka ij Hkh bu fons'kh fo|kfFkZ;ksa us fgUnh esa vius fopkj O;Dr dj vkSj egRoiw.kZ fgUnh dfo;ksa dh jpukvksa dk ikB dj rkfy;ka cVksjhaA fu'kad th ds d{k esa vusd x.kekU; lkfgR;dkj&dfo&ys[kd&ehfM;kdehZ mifLFkr FksA bl volj ij fu'kad th us Hkh] lcds fo'ks"k vkxzg ij] viuh ,d dfork lqukbZA fu'kad th us vius gkFkksa ls lHkh fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks fo'ks"k migkj Hkh fn,A mUgksaus v{kje~ vkSj Hkkjrh; lkaLÏfrd lacaèk ifj"kn~ ds iz;klksa dh Hkjiwj ljkguk dhA dqy feykdj fons'kh Nk=&Nk=kvksa ds gkFkksa esa Fkeh fgUnh dh e'kkyksa us nks fnuksa rd nsoHkwfe mÙkjk[k.M esa viuh txexkgV fc[ksjs j[kh vkSj Hkkjr ds tu&tu esa viuh Hkk"kk] viuh laLÏfr] viuh vfLerk dk Hkko txkus esa mRizsjd dh Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA

ujs'k 'kkafMY;

68 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A fgUnh Kku iz f r;ks f xrkA

^xaxk&;equk&ljLorh* vkSj ^lj;w* dh uxjh esa bafM;k baVjus'kuy lsaVj esa Lokxr lekjksg ds ckn ;wjksi ls vk;s fgUnh Kku izfr;ksfxrk ds fot;h izfr;ksfx;ksa dk ny lekjksg LFky ls lhèks ubZ fnYyh jsyos LVs'ku ds fy, py iM+k tgka ls mUgsa bykgkckn vkSj v;ksè;k tkuk FkkA jkr ds 8 cts tc ;gka ls pys rks vnE; mRlkg vkSj vusdkusd ftKklkvkssa dh >yd lcds psgjs ij O;kIr FkhA Jherh ljkst tks'kh muds lHkh lokyksa dk mÙkj ns jgh Fkh rks Jh jkeohj muds Hkkstu vkfn dh O;oLFkk esa O;Lr jgsA izkr% fu;r le; ij xkM+h bykgkckn igqaprs gh ogka gekjs Lokxr ds fy, egkRek xkaèkh vUrjjk"Vªh; fo'ofo|ky; ds MkW- izdk'k f=ikBh igys ls gh ekStwn FksA bykgkckn vkSj v;ksè;k dh nks fnuksa dh lkaLÏfrd ;k=k esa MkW- f=ikBh gekjs lkFk jgdj bu Nk=ksa dks gj izdkj dh lqfoèkk miyCèk djk jgs FksA os Lor% lqèkh lkfgR;dkj vkSj ^cgqopu* ds lg&laiknd Hkh gSaA 27 vxLr dks gekjk lkaLÏfrd izfrfufèkeaMy tc laxe igqapk rks fczVsu ls vk;h ekulh Hkkew] loZjh [kkijs vkSj ,drk ekjokg leosr Loj esa ^xaxk vkbZ dgka ls* xkus yxh rks :l dh vukLrhfl;k] ikosy vkSj ekDlheksok dkR;k fgUnh fQYe laxe dk xhr xquxqukus yxh ^cksy jkèkk cksy laxe gksxk fd ugha*A gaxjh] jksekfu;k vkSj Øks,f'k;k ds Nk= xaxk] ;equk vkSj ljLorh dh lhek js[kk igpkuus esa O;Lr gks x, fQj lHkh yksx ,d eksVj cksV ij lokj gksdj bykgkckn ds dqN n'kZuh; LFkyksa v{k; cVo`{k] izkphu fdyk rFkk eafnjksa dh >kadh ysrs jgsA eksVj cksV ij xaxk ;equk dh ygjksa dk bu Nk=ksa us Hkjiwj vkuan mBk;kA blls igys bu Nk=&Nk=kvksa us ia- tokgj yky usg: ds iwoZ fuokl rFkk Hkkjrh; Lora=rk laxzke ds ,sfrgkfld LFky ^vkuan Hkou* vkSj ^Lojkt Hkou* tkdj eksrh yky usg:] tokgj yky usg: rFkk bafnjk xkaèkh ds thou ds ;knxkj iyksa dks ns[kk rFkk ogka Hkkjrh; Lora=rk laxzke ls lacafèkr iqLrdsa Hkh [kjhnhA gekjk vxyk dk;ZØe Fkk fgUnh ds lqizfl¼ dFkkdkj Jh vejdkar ls feyukA 85 o"kZ dh mez esa Hkh vejdkar ds psgjs ij ogh rktxh vkSj nhfIr ekStwn Fkh tks vkt ls 30 o"kZ igys ns[kh xbZ FkhA vejdkar th rFkk muds ifjokj ds lnL;ksa us lcdk Lokxr fd;kA lHkh Nk=ksa us fo'kq¼ fgUnh esa viuk ifjp; nsrs gq, cPpu] ukxktqZu] f=ykspu dh dforkvksa dks lqukdj iwjs ekgkSy dks Hkkofog~oy dj fn;kA :lh Nk=&Nk=kvksa dks mUgksaus 1985 dh viuh :l ;k=k ds ckjs esa crk;k tc os lksfo;r&usg: ySaM lkfgR; lEeku izkIr djus PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

lqizfl¼ dFkkdkj Jh vejdkar ds lkFk fons'kh fo|kFkhZ

ds fy, ogka x, FksA :l dh ,d Nk=k us muls iwNk fd D;k vki ekLdks esa fdlh :lh Hkk"kk ds lkfgR;dkj ls feys\ rks mUgksaus crk;k fd :lh lkfgR;dkjksa ls feyus dk volj rks ugha feyk ysfdu ekul ds :lh vuqoknd ds iq= rFkk lksfo;r la?k ds vU; vusd fgUnh fo}kuksa ls mudh eqykdkr gqbZA gekjk vxyk iM+ko v;ksè;k FkkA bykgkckn ls rhu dkjksa esa vkuUnnk;d ;k=k ds ckn jkr djhc 8 cts v;ksè;k ds guqeku eafnj ds n'kZu ds ckn ;wjksi ds Nk=&Nk=kvksa us v;ksè;k esa iw.kZr% LFkkuh; 'kSyh esa eafpr jkeyhyk dk vkuUn mBk;kA izkr% LFkkuh; vusd eafnjksa ds n'kZu fd,A dM+h lqj{kk O;oLFkk ds vanj jkeyyk ds n'kZu dk 'kqvolj feykA fQj ml LFkku ij Hkh x;s tgka HkO; jke eafnj ds fuekZ.k ds fy, Hkou lkexzh ,d= dh xbZ gSA jktk n'kjFk dk egy] lhrk jlksbZ] fo'kky xks'kkyk ,oa vusd LFkyksa ds n'kZu ds i'pkr~ v;ksè; 'kksèk laLFkku ds laxzgky; dks ns[kus ds ckn ;wjksi ds Nk=&Nk=kvksa ds lEeku esa vk;ksftr lekjksg esa bu Nk=ksa us vius&vius ns'k esa fgUnh Hkk"kk vkSj Hkkjrh; laLÏfr ds izfr laf{kIr oDrO; fn,A ,d Nk=k vkSj ,d Nk= us jkepfjrekul vkSj ckYehfd jkek;.k ds dqN i|ka'kksa dk ikB fd;kA bl lekjksg esa ihBkèkh'oj egar ukjk;.kkpk;Z ds vfrfjDr LFkkuh; fMxzh dkyst ds fgUnh vkSj laLÏr foHkkx ds izkè;kidksa us v;ksè;k ,oa ekul ds egRo ij izdk'k MkykA v;ksè;k 'kksèk laLFkku ds funs'kd Jh okbZ-ih- flag us fgUnh Hkk"kk rFkk Hkkjrh; laLÏfr ds izfr bu Nk=&Nk=kvksa dh vkLFkk vkSj muds leiZ.k Hkko ds fy, cèkkbZ nhA v{kje~ ds jk"Vªh; la;kstd ukjk;.k dqekj us bykgkckn rFkk v;ksè;k ;k=k dks lksn~ns'; vkSj lqfoèkktud cukus ds fy, v;ksè;k 'kksèk laLFkku vkSj mlds funs'kd okbZ-ih- flag ds izfr vkHkkj O;Dr fd;kA

ukjk;.k dqekj 69 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


AA vkbZ iq L rd - ih-,y ppkZ2009 A A

eu dks [kksyrh L=h deykth ds ys[ku esa QS'ku&ijLr mFkykiu ugha] vfirq xaHkhj fparu dh xgjkbZ ds n'kZu gksrs gSaA fulUnsg ;g iqLrd ^L=h&foe'kZ* dks ,d lgh fn'kk nsrh yxrh gSA

fuca/k laxzg % L=h dk vkdk'k ysf[kdk% deyk fla?koh ewY;% 250@& i`"B% 176 iz d k'kd% lkef;d iz d k'ku] 3320&21] tVokM+k] usrkth lqHkk"k ekxZ] nfj;kxat] ubZ fnYyh&110002

deyk fla?koh dk viuk ,d vyx O;fDrRo gS] ftlesa muds ÏfrRo dh vkHkk ,d vfojy vUrjèkkjk ds :i esa nedrh gSA mUgsa ,d fopkj'khy vkSj laosnu'khy efgyk ds :i esa tkuk tkrk gSA tkus&ekus fofèkosÙkk&euh"kh&jktuf;d vkSj fgUnh ds izcy leFkZd fo}ku MkW- y{eheYy fla?koh dh iRuh gksus dk ije lkSHkkX; rks deyk th ds lkFk tqM+k gh gSA deyk fla?koh yxHkx ikap&n'kdksa ls ys[ku esa lfØ; gSaA dfork&dgkuh&fucaèk lHkh foèkkvksa esa mUgksaus c[kwch fy[kk gSA muds fucaèk rks brus lgt] ljy vkSj ljl gksrs gSa fd muds izHkko esa vk, fcuk vki jg gh ugha ldrsA dksbZ cukoV ugha] dksbZ ykx&yisV ugha--- lhèkh&lPph eu dh vfHkO;fDr--- vuqHko vkSj vè;;u ls ixk ys[kuA Hkkjrh;rk vkSj thou&ewY;ksa ds izfr mudh fu"Bk vkSj izfrc¼rk mudh jpukvksa esa loZ= ns[kh tk ldrh gSA vHkh gky gh esa izdkf'kr muds izfrfufèk fucaèkksa dk laxzg ^L=h dk vkdk'k* ppkZ esa vk;k gSA muds 37 fof'k"V fucaèk bl iqLrd esa laxzfgr gSaA L=h vkSj L=h&lalkj ls tqM+s vusdkusd fo"k;ksa ij ysf[kdk us [kqydj vius fopkj O;Dr fd, gSaA ^Lo;aoj dk ladYi* gks ;k ^lacaèkksa ds ?ksjs gksa_ ^fookg cuke fookgsrj izse* gks ;k ^izse vkSj lqj{kk dk }a} gks_ ^ukjh&Lokra«; dk ledkyhu fn'kkHkze* gks ;k ^jktuhfr esa efgykvksa dh Hkwfedk* _ ^ifrozr èkeZ dh ppkZ vkSj iRuhozr* gks ;k ^ukjh thou dh foMacuk ds u[kfp=*--deyk th us vius Hkhrj dh L=h ds eu dks] bu fucaèkksa esa] iwjh rjg [kksydj j[k fn;k gSA deyk th dk cgqvk;keh O;fDrRo bu jpukvksa esa eq[kj gksdj lkeus vk;k gSA L=h ds eu dks] L=h dh ys[kuh ls le>uk lEHkor% lPps vkSj lkFkZd vuqHkoksa ls xqtjuk gSA fookg vkSj fookgsrj izse&lacaèkksa dks ysdj ysf[kdk us fo"k; ds eeZ rd igqap dj ftl izdkj ^rhljs O;fDr* dks fpfUgr fd;k gS] ;g ckr dkfcys&xkSj gS & ^^fookg ls igys dk izse&lacaèk vkSj fookg ds ckn dk izse&lacaèk nks fcYdqy vyx&vyx ckrsa gSa_ nks loZFkk fHkUu ifjfLFkfr;ka gSaA fookg ls igys dk izse vius rb± ftEesnkj gksrk gSA og fdlh rhljs O;fDr ds thou esa gLr{ksi ugha djrkA mlesa nksuksa izseh dsoy vius vkSj ,d&nwljs ds izfr mÙkjnk;h gksrs gSaA fdUrq fookg ds i'pkr izse&lacaèk cuk, j[kuk] fdlh rhljs O;fDr ds thou esa n[ky nsuk gSA ;g izR;{k vkSj vizR;{k nksuksa gh :iksa esa rhljs O;fDr dks dgha u dgha lkyrk vo'; gSA** dqy feykdj deyk fla?koh us ^L=h dk vkdk'k* gh ugha] ^L=h dh mM+ku* dks Hkh gekjs lkeus j[kus dk lkFkZd miØe fd;k gS] tks bl iqLrd dks ;dhuu oSf'k"V~; iznku djrk gSA deykth ds ys[ku esa QS'ku&ijLr mFkykiu ugha] vfirq xaHkhj fparu dh xgjkbZ ds n'kZu gksrs gSaA fulUnsg ;g iqLrd ^L=h&foe'kZ* dks ,d lgh fn'kk nsrh yxrh gSA ujs'k 'kkafMY;


70 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A fgUnh la l kj A

dykfp=ksa ds ekè;e ls thou dks lqjhyk cukus dk lans'k fnYyh ds bafM;k gSfcVsV lsaVj esa ikWftfVo LVªkWDl uke ls ,d fp= izn'kZuh dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA ftlesa isafVax] Mªkbax vkSj Nk;kfp=ksa ds ekè;e ls 12 dykdkjksa us vius dyk fp=ksa ds ekè;e ls thou ds ldkjkRed fparu dk lqUnj fp=kadu fd;kA izn'kZuh dks ns'k&fons'k ls i/kkjs gtkjksa n'kZdksa us ljkgkA izn'kZuh esa dfo&fp=dkj Jh g"kZoèkZu vk;Z lfgr loZJh :ipUn] fnyhi pUnksfy;k] pUnz'ks[kj] egs'k] lqHkk"k] fjpk 'kekZ] iwue dksgyh] dkfeuh feukspk ,oa ofj"B fp=dkj Jh fo".kq iou rFkk uoksfnr dykdkj dqekj xkSjo us fgLlk fy;kA fp=dkj % g"kZoèkZu vk;Z

yanu esa 16oka varjjk"Vªh; fojkV dfo lEesyu yUnu esa fgUnh fnol ds lqvolj ij Hkkjrh; mPpk;ksx ds laj{k.k esa ,oa Hkkjrh; lkaLÏfrd laca/k ifj"kn ds lg;ksx ls ;w-ds- fgUnh lfefr }kjk vk;ksftr fojkV dfo lEesyu dh ijEijk 1994 ls pyh vk jgh gSA bl vk;kstu esa Hkkjr ds tkus ekus ew/kZU; dfo;ksa us lkfgR; ds fofHkUu jaxksa dh dfork,a çLrqr dhaA tkus&ekus dfo Fks MkW- ds'kjhukFk f=ikBh] lqjsUæ voLFkh] eukst dqekj JhokLro] çhrk oktis;h] fo".kq lDlsuk vkSj nhf{kr nudkSjh vkfnA dk;ZØe dk lapkyu fd;k lujkbt+ ds- jfo 'kekZ us vkSj eq[; vfrfFk Fks vkflQ+ bczkghe] ea=h (leuO;)] Hkkjrh; mPpk;ksx] yUnuA bl volj ij fczVsu esa vius vewY; ;ksxnku ,oa lsokvksa ds fy, lqjs[kk pksQ+yk dks fgUnh lsok lEeku vkSj bLekby pwukjk dks laLÏfr lsok lEeku ls vyaÏr fd;k x;kA

^vkxkeh iy dk fuekZ.k* dk yksdkiZ.k 29 vxLr 2009 dks bafM;k baVjus'kuy lsaVj ds lHkkxkj esa MkW- ,-ts- FkkWel dh vaxzsth dforkvksa ds fgUnh vuqokn ladyu ^vkxkeh iy dk fuekZ.k* dk yksdkiZ.k ofj"B fgUnh dfo MkW- dsnkjukFk flag us fd;kA bl volj ij KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fgUnh dfo dqaoj ukjk;.k] lkfgR; vdknseh ds lfpo Jh vxzgkj d`".kewfrZ vkSj dfo&dFkkdkj MkW- xaxk izlkn foey us laxzg ij vius fopkj O;Dr fd,A laxzg dh T+;knkrj dforkvksa ds vuqoknd nsosUnz dqekj nsos'k us foLrkj ls dforkvksa dh ppkZ djrs gq, mUgsa ^vkRe] vUkkRe vkSj v/;kRe* dh dfork,a dgkA


72 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


A fgUnh la l kj A

85 lky ds gq, jkenj'k feJ 15 vxLr] 2009 dks iz[;kr lkfgR;dkj MkW- jkenj'k feJ us vius thou ds 85 o"kZ iwjs fd,A bl volj ij muds fuokl LFkku ij ,d vkReh; lkfgfR;d xks"Bh dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA mudh Lojfpr rhu u;h iqLrdksa ^dHkh&dHkh bu fnuksa* (dkO;&laxzg)] ^21 Js"B dgkfu;ka* vkSj ^;knsa dqN cpiu dh* (cky dFkk laxzg) ds vfrfjDr MkW- lfork feJ ds 'kks/k xzaFk ^ledkyhu dkO; ifjn`'; vkSj jkenj'k feJ dk dkO;* dk yksdkiZ.k Hkh bl volj ij fd;k x;kA izfl¼ vkykspd MkW- fou;] izrki lgxy] MkW- jekdkUr 'kqDy vkSj ljLorh feJ us bu iqLrdksa dk yksdkiZ.k dj vius fopkj O;Dr fd,A la;ksx ls ogka mifLFkr v{kje~ laxks"Bh ds laiknd ujs'k 'kkafMY; dk tUe fnu Hkh blh fnu FkkA v{kje~ ds vè;{k vfuy tks'kh us 'kkWy HksaV dj MkW- jkenj'k feJ vkSj ujs'k 'kkafMY; dk lEeku fd;kA ujs'k 'kkafMY; vkSj nhikadj xqIr us jkenj'kth ij dsfUnzr viuh&viuh jpukvksa dk ikB fd;kA feJ th us var esa lcds vuqjks/k ij viuh dqN fof'k"V dfork,a Hkh i<+dj lqukbZA vusd x.kekU; lkfgR;dkjksa dh bl vkReh; xks"Bh dk lapkyu pfpZr dof;=h&dFkkdkj vydk flUgk us fd;kA

MkW- fnfod jes'k ds dkO;&laxzg ^xsgwa ?kj vk;k gS* dk yksdkiZ.k ^^vk/kqfud fganh dfork esa MkW- fnfod jes'k dk ,d i`Fkd psgjk gSA ;g psgjk&foghu dfo ugha gS cfYd HkhM+ esa Hkh igpkuk tkus okyk dfo gSA** ;s mn~xkj izfl¼ dfo dsnkjukFk flag us fdrkc?kj izdk'ku ls l| izdkf'kr MkW- fnfod jes'k ds dfork&laxzg ^xsgwa ?kj vk;k gS* ds yksdkiZ.k ds volj ij dgsA bl laxzg dk yksdiZ.k izksQslj ukeoj flag] izksQslj dsnkjukFk flag vkSj izksQslj fueZyk tSu us leosr :i ls fd;kA ;g vk;kstu Hkkjrh; lkaLd`frd laca/k ifj"kn~ vkSj O;aX;&;k=k ds la;qDr rRoko/kku esa vktkn Hkou ds lHkkxkj esa lEiUu gqvkA bl volj ij vusd lqizfl¼ lkfgR;dkj vkSj x.kekU; ikBd mifLFkr FksA


73 çoklh VqMs | vDVwcj


|V I V I D H A |

ANAND JON gets 59 yrs imprisonment The famous trial of an Indian-born fashion designer convicted of sexually abusing a string of teenage girls and girls he enticed with the promise of modelling jobs, came to a close was sentenced to a minimum of 59 years in jail by a Los Angeles judge. Anand Jon Alexander, 35, whose clothes had reportedly been worn by celebrities including Paris Hilton and Mary J. Blige, was named as a "person to watch" by Newsweek magazine just two months before his arrest when he was found guilty of 16 sex crimes, including forcible rape and sexual battery. Alexander represented himself during the sentence hearing, where he broke down in tears as he requested a new trial. The judge rejected his request. Prosecutors at Los Angeles Superior Court had accused him of preying on a string of girls and women aged between 14 and 21 over a six-year period from 2002 to 2007. Nine women testified against Alexander during his trial. Most of the designer's victims were aspiring models lured into meetings with Alexander and forced into sex, prosecutors said. Alexander is also the subject of an indictment made up of similar allegations in New York, as well as an ongoing probe in Dallas. In July, Los Angeles Superior Court Judge David Wesley ruled that a juror committed misconduct by contacting the defendant's sister before the verdict, but he determined that the misconduct had not affected the jury's verdict. Both the juror and Alexander's sister, Sanjana, were cited for contempt of court by the judge, who said they violated a court order by speaking to each other for which they were fined. Anand Jon's sister Sanjana Jon broke into tears while addressing a press conference with her mother Shashi Abraham in New Delhi. Sanjana requested the Indian government to intervene in his brother's case. She also requested President Obama to look into the case saying that he knows about racial prejudice, being a person of colour. Adding that if he does not pay heed towards the case, she will go for a fast-unto-death. P T BUREAU PRAVASI TODAY | OCTOBER 2009

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Back to the Boondocks Far away from the cacophony of the urban cities, Jharkhand has tightened its belts to promote rural tourism in the state

A new eexperience xperience DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM Government of Jharkhand, FFP Bhawan, 2nd Floor, Dhurwa, Ranchi-1, Jharkhand. Ph: +91-651-2400981, Tel Fax: +91-651-2400982

For more information, please log on, Seek tourism info. SMS JT to 56006, For Tourism related assistance dial + 91-651-2400501/502.

If undelivered please return to: Pravasi Today: 51, 2nd Floor, Rani Jhansi Road, Jhandewalan, New Delhi-55.

Pravasi Today