Page 1

The house is a home to a paradox.

The house is a home to a paradox


2

Domestic Affairs engage

trust

private

From preppers to haul girls and cam girls, the home has become a place of broadcast.

public

distrust

retreat

We live in an era of societal

fairs manifests these changes

super-acceleration. By conse-

as they are captured through

quence this manifests itself

the house and the goods and

in every day life, in how we

services that reach into and

work and how we live. The

extended from it.

technological conditions and

Saskia van Stein Director Bureau Europa, Platform for the designed environment, Maastricht

technology as a human condition have come more and more to determine the face and

use

of

the

domestic

The house is a home to a paradox. The house is a home to a paradox. It houses the simultaneous desire to share private matters in the public realm and to seek privacy in public. While we install wifi blocking technology, we invite unknown guests to rent one of our rooms for a night or two.

space, opening up a field of boundless possibilities.

In our struggle to balance privacy and popularity, trust and distrust, engagement and retreat, the house becomes a filter for our societal relations, manifesting the attitude we have towards our local and global neighbours and political and economic systems. More than bricks and mortar, a financial asset, or a set of appliances and technologies, home is a state of mind.

At the same time, we seem

DOMESTIC AFFAIRS is

to be caught up in a restless

project

dream, some sort of Orwellian

(Saskia van Stein), curated by

state of mind, that sees us

the

stuck in an endless sequence

Studies (Agata Jaworska and

of interiors, where fear is a

Giovanni Innella) with identi-

given,

ty design by Design Displace-

Design Displacement Group

Info

ment Group.

The

fif­

Domestic Affairs takes place

teen designers and one social

during the Re¬Living the City

Featuring work by Aterlier

scientist

Biennale, part of UABB Bi-City

NL,

Laura

ciplines, levels, cultures and

Biennale

Dewey-

nationalities, collaborating on

tecture curated by Aaron Betsky.

fragmentation

Domestic

in

the

drifts

slipstream

by

Bureau

Institute

of

a

Europa Relevant

of redundant grand narratives,

and

hyper

a

mediated

Auger-Loizeau,

consists

from

of

various

dis­

of

Urbanism/Archi-

‘total experience’

Cornet,

lures us into escap-

Hagborg, Studio Droog, DUS

different,

ism.

architects, Imme van der Haak,

ed, projects in changing com­

Address

Claire Hallewas, Ina Hollmann,

positions. Their design meth­

Shekou Shenzhen

Jesse

van

odology should therefore be

Former Dacheng Flour Factory

Affairs,

Joolen, Chris Kabel, Noortje

understood as collective and

Warehouse #8

under-

de

post-signature.

In

the

exhibition

Domestic we

try

stand

to the

paradox

of these conditions

Heather

DDG

Giovanni Innella and Agata Jaworska Institute of Relevant Studies

Howard,

Keijzer,

Nicolas

political

Alec

delving

Klopper,

self-initiat­

Christien

Bureau Europa As a presen-

t.e.,

tation and network organisa-

Tuesday - Thursday: 11am - 6pm

MisoSoupDesign,

tion, Bureau Europa presents

Friday - Sunday: 11am - 8pm

C.

exhibitions and other activities

The Biennale closed for Chinese

Pater,

in the field of architecture and

new year: Feb 7th-13th

Rothuizen,

design from a social perspec-

Meindertsma Metahaven,

by

Heleen

Maigret,

and their social, economic and impact,

Elisa

often

for

Momont,

Simone

04/12/15 - 28/02/16

into the interior. The select-

Niquille,

ed designers give meaning to

Pinar&Viola,

their work beyond the mere

Helmut Smits, Studio Swine,

tive.

Domestic Affairs is a travel-

commodity.

TD, Stefania Vulpi

bureau-europa.nl

ling exhibition. This edition is

Their

practices

Ruben

designdisplacementgroup.com

Jan

should be understood as cul-

generously supported by the

Institute of Relevant Studies

Creative Industries Fund NL

incorporation of local mate-

Direction: Saskia van Stein Curation, Editorial: Giovanni

Institute of Relevant Studies

and the Consulate General of

rials and cultural narratives,

Innella, Agata Jaworska

(Giovanni Innella and Aga-

the Netherlands in Guang-

a notion of context that em-

Identity: Design Displacement

ta Jaworska) is a studio for

zhou. The public program is

powers communities, aided by

Group

curation, research and design.

facilitated by Het Nieuwe In-

collective thinking and circu-

Editorial Contributors:

Permanently in a state of beta,

stituut. For more information

lar economies, co-production

Ning Hui / Yin Aiwen

the IoRS develops new models

and images visit:

schemes or the establishment

Translation: Yang Biqiong, Li

for business and culture as a

bureau-europa.nl

of parameters for open source

Zhi, Yue Jie, Yin Aiwen

form of design and expression.

design tools. Further blurring

Proof Reading: Joyce Larue Production: Ina Hollmann

agatajaworska.com

tural signifiers of change: the

the boundaries of interiority, the exhibition Domestic Af-

giovanniinnella.com


3

霍尼韦尔,我回来了!

自20世纪中叶第一次家庭变革

来适应这种科技浪潮,还是说它

数来调整自身。巢的表面动机是

以来,随着家用电器节约劳力以

只会在墙壁中增加一些额外的电

为了环境的可持续性,以便帮助

物联网和新家庭景观

及生活质量的提高,家庭又一次

线?建筑师可以继续根据由来已

我们成为了更好的地球公民。但

成为了彻底变革的场所。尽管家

久的良好形式和健全的比例原则

巢被谷歌收购的原因当然还是它

发表于《e-flux》杂志, 2015年4月第64期

庭空间看似属于建筑的范畴,建

进行设计吗(或是根据具体情况,

的自动调温器同时也是一个数据

筑师们对这种变化产生的影响却

忠于贪婪的开发商所指定的样板

收集器——我们一会儿再来谈及

几乎保持着沉默。建筑,看起来

平面)?

这一点。

贾斯汀 · 麦克奎克

依然呈现出了惊人的先见之明。

已经放弃了它想象我们如何生活

当然,他想象的“网络”只简

的梦想,而技术正以其迅猛之势

建筑历史学家向来轻易忽略技术

物联网潜在的应用可

Editor’s Note: As technology

单地满足自己的愿望——他也丝

取而代之。现在的“智能住宅”

创新对建筑的影响力。反之对这

能覆盖了从安全、医

increasingly enters our homes,

毫 没 想 过 能 完 全 实 现 ( 尽 管 ,巧

已取代了“未来房屋”的老套比

种影响最好的历史记录者是雷内

疗保健到生活方式和

the domestic environment be-

合的是,1972年也正是阿帕网络

喻。智能住宅是网络实现随时随

尔·班海姆(Reyner Banham)。在

游戏的整个数十亿美

comes increasingly more per-

ARPANET首次公开亮相的年份),

地互联的未来而被寄予厚望的对

《良好环境中的建筑(The Architecture

元的行业链。因此微

meable. Information flows in

他只知道,它是一个“信息系统

象。想法听起来足够亲切,也许

of the Well-Tempered Environment)》一书

软正在研发一种厨

and out of our houses and

总集”。在超级工作室的拼贴画

还会让人想起雅克·塔蒂式般堆

中,他列举了环境变革依次带来

房组件,可以认出食

while houses become “smart-

里,它以网格的形式存在——要

满各种荒谬设备的舞台场景——

的影响,例如电力照明和空调系

物并显示出适当的食

er” enabling us to make bet-

么是一个网格化的抽象飞机,或

智能家居是闹剧的主场地——但

统给建筑形态上带来的改变。班

谱。有智能床垫通过

ter choices for our pockets

一个叫“延续纪念碑”的网格化

它同时还是一种意识形态。它以

海姆对管道和电力设施偏执的热

测量你的呼吸和心

and the environment, we also

巨型建筑。即便他们的作品仅仅

房屋形式宣告物联网的到来,令

情使得他提出了一个与建筑史并

率来监控你的睡眠类

lose in terms of privacy and

是一个嘲讽式乌托邦,用来批判

我们的所有设备和家用电器都将

行的历史体系,依照这一体系,

型。有许多现在可用

- ultimately - decision power.

现代主义和消费主义,网络的概

加入网络,以便彼此沟通并与我

贝尔法斯特的皇家维多利亚医院

的智能锁,当你走到

“Smart” homes now host a

念依然不可避免地出现了。然

们沟通。

(Royal Victoria Hospital in Belfast,

门口的时候就能打开,还可以设

tension between convenience

而,网络并非一个巨型建筑。事

1903),尽管其有着蜂窝款式的过

置成让你的朋友或客人进门(空

and privacy, engagement and

实上,它所有的(设计)意图和目

说物联网是一种意识形态,是暗

时造型,仍然“远远先进于沃尔

中食宿世代的完美选择)。为老年

retreat. But this tension is

的都是为了让大多数人看不到服

示其概念带来的使用价值尚未成

特·格罗皮乌斯(Walter Gropius)设

人设计的“环境辅助生活”的潜

not only between us and the

务器基地和海底的电缆——它是

功对消费者出售。它很容易怀疑

计的任何东西”因为它是第一个

力,也令人谨慎地兴奋。曼彻斯

switches and devices that now

隐形的。

论者们嘲笑,他们质疑你是否需

容纳空调系统的建筑。

特大学(University of Manchester)的

Affairs

智能家居 THE SMART HOME

THE SMART HOME 智能家居

一个研究团队已研制出了智能地

compose the domestic environment, our houses become

在上世纪40年代末,吊垂式天

毯,它可以判断出有人摔倒,甚

the marketplace for tech-cor-

花板也被纳入了这种平行的历史

至能从人们的脚步中发现潜在的

porations to trade with us and

轨迹,它和完成了的混凝土楼板

移动问题。

battle

other.

制造了一个“死亡空间”,将混

Ironically, villages and hous-

乱纠缠的供电系统藏匿其中。班

这些产品的大多数都符合亚

es developed around trading

海姆可以兴高采烈地指出,这在

瑟·C·克拉克(Arthur C. Clarke)

markets. Now the home risks

现今世界各地的商业建筑中普遍

的第三定律:“任何足够先进的

becoming the host for market

存在的吊顶系统的先进性,默默

技术都与魔法别无二致。”很可

battles. In fact, we might as

地被建筑文献忽略了。然而恰恰

能就正是这种魔法引诱了消费者

well become the commodity of

是这种技术细节造就了勒·柯布

去拥抱一个充满智能现代化生活

such trade.

西耶(Le Corbusier)“直角棱镜”的

设备的世界。充满了高性能产

曼哈顿(Manhattan)联合国总部

品的世界,在一个家庭生态系统

Honeywell, I’m Home! The

(United Nations)大楼以及其后的国

中连结而成,我们几乎无法理解

Internet of Things and the

际风格(International Style)。

但它们的智能就放在那里供我

amongst

each

们支配。也许这就是我们必然的

要用自己的手机去指挥会说话的

New Domestic Landscape by Justin McGuirk was orig-

网络时代对二十一世纪初期现代

冰 箱 和 洗 衣 机 (“你 还 是 得 自 己

因此,当谈及物联网和智能住宅

命运。班海姆对此持怀疑态度,

inally

e-flux,

城市生活的影响大致上正如纳塔

把衣服放进(洗衣机里)去的,对

之时,我们是否陷入了一种类

打趣地武断断言说也许太空船需

Journal #64, April 2015. The

利尼所预测的那样,只是可能没

吗 ?”)。布 鲁 斯 · 斯 特 林 ( Bruce

似的忽视技术细节的危险中?毕

要有全方位的能力,“而这地球

English version can be ac-

那么理想化。非物质劳动导致一

Sterling)认为,物联网并不关心消

竟,在彻底改革建筑之前,空调

上,将常常证实把一个盲人画在

cessed on e-flux.com.

种灵活但不稳定的生活存在,至

费者,反而是与服务供应商的商

流行得很慢(首先引入了工厂,然

窗口……就是全部所需了。” 4 斯

少对于年轻人来说,“永恒的

业利益息息相关。基于数据即资

后是在电影院这些最有成本效益

特林更尖锐地认为,不管怎样,

游牧生活”已接近真相。与此同

产的现实,网络霸主们——斯特

的地方)。但是有一个显著的不

在这个问题上,我们消费者都已

1972年,在纽约现代艺术博物

时,物体已在实况转播、下载、

林专注在谷歌、亚马逊、脸书、

同。在二战(Second World War)

别无选择。物联网就像电:如果

馆(MoMA)题为“意大利:新家

电子书、智能手机应用程序和所

苹果和微软这“五大”上——物

后,当空调最终作为一种家庭革

我们还有可能选择退出的话,我

庭景观”的展览中,激进设计团

谓的“分享经济”中丧失了物质

联网是网络霸主们一双豪取巧夺

命起飞之时,数以百万计的消

们也会轻易溃败并变成累赘。

队超级工作室(Superstudio)用

形态。我们见证了软件超越了硬

的爪子,从物理角度掌控尽可能

费者们完全知道他们需要它的理

published

on

镜面墙壁组装了一个六面体的小

件的存在。

房间,使它看起来无限复制了自

1

多的人类数据。 作为物联网的主

由。人们无法对智能住宅的说出

同时,也有各种棘手的问题要解

要接口,智能住宅是网络伸出地

同样的需求。

决。有些是技术性的。例如,人

己。团队交予馆长埃米利奥·安

最重要的是,我们所认为的

面的有力的触须,它伸向我们使

巴兹(Emilio Ambasz)的方案中,

“家庭空间”正在被完全重新

用的每一个家用电器,实现数据

是什么使得当今的住宅如此不

设备之所以能有效地同步、更新

收集和数字监控。

同,如此紧张不安?

并互相沟通,都是依赖于一个单

用 一 页 纸 的 说 明 精 确 描 述 了 这 个­ 定 义 。 我 们 只 需 看 看 空 中 食 宿

们普遍理解到,我们所有的家庭

“微环境”应如何组装,后面还

(Airbnb)是怎样一再发展的。这

一的平台。所有的科技公司都

有来自超级工作室合伙人阿道

个租赁网站成为了新游牧时代和

至少,这是一种解释。不用说,

物联网布道者们宣告,最具有

认同这一点,他们都因此而埋头

夫·纳塔利尼(Adolfo Natalini)的

替代生活的缩影,人们可以像换

物联网议程由科技产业驱动,

“颠覆性”的现象是思考模式的

苦干,解决他们自己与所有其

九页理论注释。在这九页纸中,

衣服一样简单地溜进不同的生活

而充满渴望的商界看到了暴雪般

转移。班海姆主张电气化是“自

他平台都不兼容的专有平台上的

以某种宣言的方式转向散文诗和

方式。它的布道者宣告了一种用

的美元符号,热切支持着科技产

会用火之后人类历史上最大的环

问题。这种“我们所有的产品

小故事,纳塔利尼勾画出了一

分享取代拥有的乌托邦(首席执行

业。物联网的布道者几乎不会在

境变革”,当有人(毫无疑问准

会成为要么跟苹果兼容,要么跟

种新的生活方式。这些假设的生

官布莱恩·切斯基(Brian Chesky)

英国货币(Sterling)体系中定义

确地)宣称“网络是新的电力”

三星之类兼容”的理念是一个压

活包含了“永恒的游牧生活”、

曾声称不拥有一个家),而且像虔

自己,也不会与之相抵触。在最

时,人们就很自然地去寻找等价

抑因素。至于升级和淘汰的快速

3

“没有物体的生活”以及“没有

诚的新马克思主义者(neo-Marxists)

近的《哈佛商业评论》热情洋溢

的后果。 那么,物联网到底会怎

循环,嗯,建筑师们根本不在这

工作的生活”。纳塔利尼指出,

们那样只谈使用价值,不论交换

的封面故事中,“智能互联产品

么改变家庭生活?

样短暂的时间跨度里思考。也有

这些情况只能在一个不可思议的

价值。当然,空中食宿使得全球

的拓展力和它们产生的数据开拓 2

安全方面的考虑:我们拥有越多

居民都能够成为收租阶层的一分

出了一个竞争新纪元。” 或好或

各种五花八门试图把这些改革卖

的连接设备,我们的房子就变得

子。它是一种宛如网络生活一般

坏地,智能住宅都是新家庭景观

给消费者的方案看起来都很美

越容易控制。专家们用“僵尸网

翻遍档案馆,高度有选择性地摘

没有着落的生活症状——它是现

(New Domestic Landscape)。

好。但是也许在这个新家庭景观

络”军团对智能烤箱发起分布式

录某些片段,然后从中宣称这

在很多人支付房租和房贷的方

的主打产品是巢(Nest)自动调温

拒绝服务(DDoS)攻击,唤起了一

些或那些曾经激进的事物是有预

式。空中食宿不仅可以为替代国

问题是,对建筑的影响是什么?

器,不仅精确告诉你你正在使用

个电脑安全的噩梦。但是让我们

示性的,这非常轻而易举。然

家补贴的经济适用房,还在引导

这些发展有空间上的分支吗?我

多少能量,而且还能学习你的能

从伦理层面关注我们自己的智能

而,即便这样,纳塔利尼的远见

着家庭空间的大规模商品化。

们应该以新的方式设计和建造,

源使用方式,并依据你选择的参

住宅。因为如果我们处于一个微

网格结构中实现,即“网络”。


4

智能家居 THE SMART HOME

妙的家庭变革之中,它的后果将

分析,他们也将用它来审视并简

哈尔:我想你知道问题是什么,

任何异议,在这种情况下他们头

经济领域。智能住宅中家庭数据

是出现新型的劳动力、隐私的侵

化我们未来的消费体验,亚马逊

像我一样。

顶足足两千吨重的天花板将会降

汇入智能城市的“大数据”。而

蚀以及控制权的垄断。

和网飞公司(Netflix)也使用相

在他们身上。正如我们前面提到

且这里有强有力的企业力量——

同的工具来建议我可能会想多读

永远警惕的叶夫根尼·莫罗佐夫

的,智能住宅为黑色幽默和反乌

我们的新自由主义的力量,被紧

一些戴夫·艾格斯(Dave Eggers)

(Evgeny Morozov)相当详尽地讨论了

托邦而生。

缩政策包围的市政当局可能会

的书或观看国土安全

智能、连接产品必将导向控制的

真理:我

( Homeland) 的 新

模式。他将其称为“解决主义

事实上,智能住宅远远不具有戏

然是效率:智能垃圾桶知道它们

们的家渐

一季。我

( solutionism)” 。 以 解 决 问 题 为

剧性。不同于超级工作室,从现

何时应变成空的,智能交通灯则

名,我们越来越依赖感应器、应

代主义到艾莉森和彼得史密斯夫

可以基于交通流量而重新校准自

用程序和反馈回路,然后这些

妇 的 未 来 住 宅 ( Alison and Peter

身。但是当这些服务通过私营部

要场所。新

工具被设计成抽取规定格

Smithson’s House of the Future),

门管理时便被政治化了。

的弹性劳动模

式的行为。他举出了宝洁

智能住宅的外表完全不具有想象

型不仅仅真的允

公司(Procter & Gamble)的安

力。它可能看起来与你我的住宅

最近詹姆斯·布赖德尔(James Bri-

许很多人在家里工作,

全细菌报警(Safe Germ Alarm)的例

没有两样。去年,当《时代》杂

dle) 打 趣 道 : “ 在 铺 路 石 下 面 ,

它还提供所谓的“分享

子,一个安装在菲律宾(Philip-

志将“更智能的住宅(The Smarter

是云”,像阿尔诺那样,他指出

pines)的公共卫生间的智能

Home)”搬上其封面时(“未来的寓

了一个重要的事实,但是那句话

皂液器。离开时,会有一个

所将使你更加平静、安全、富有

的 政 治 内 涵 值 得 深 思 。10 谁 拥 有

的日常活动和选择

警报,只有当你按下皂液器,

和健康”),它选择了一个看起来

云?谁拥有智能城市?从钱入手

定义了我们。正

警报才会停止。类似的,已有各

很便宜的,郊区模式的房子。(很

去找。引人注目的摩天大楼越来

格斯指出的,

种报告显示英国政府在尝试用智

可能是因为缺乏一个斜屋顶并增

越比不上不可见的电缆和传感器

这是一个值 得重申的

渐成为了 生产的主

经济”(读一下数字租赁

们在住宅

经济方面的书就知道),

附近无以计数

允许我们轻松地将自己的私人 空间商品化。家作为一个休息寓

越来越无力抵制。表面的动机仍

所,一个从工作中逃离的庇护所

如 艾

的观念开始遭到质疑。但我们的

“ 能 把

一个参数选

能设备“推动”市民更好的行

加了一个攀岩墙,这暗示了创新

的基础设施更能衡量一个城市现

房屋随着不动产的升值而直接成

择 的 模

型 作 为 你

为。一份由威斯敏斯特议会(West-

的程度,但是一个欧洲人很难读

实的金融资产。凯勒·伊斯特林

为了生产场所,这也确有其事。

的本质呈现

出来,当作

minster

Council)发布的报告呼吁

出这种微妙之处。)这是《时代》

(Keller Easterling)将建筑师和建

在伦敦,随着近年来房屋价格百

整个你吗?……它确实是某种镜

将住房津贴和去健身房的距离相

非常精明之处。因为如果智能住

筑称为“基础设施空间”的暗指

关联,由智能卡监控。最近,有

宅将成为现实,它就需要适应大

虽不甚清晰,但是可以相当确定

人呼吁如果肥胖者不开始节食,

多数已存在的住宅,否则将注定

的是,这个学科迄今为止缺少一

“我想你知道问题是什么,像我

就消减他们的福利。智能冰箱会

只能拥有一个古怪富人们的微小

个真正从基础设施角度来看的视

一样。”

突然呈现出全新的排列。

的市场。

点。数据作为一种生成参数形式

分之十八的涨速,你的房屋每年

子,但是扭曲且不完整的。”

5

赚的钱很可能比你赚的还多。 除此之外的事实还有,智能、连

的工具,已经建立了一个极端化

接产品的大量增加将把家庭转变 为一个首要的数据收集节点。据

最为明显的并常常引发对所有这

然而,比起保姆式国家管理更现

正如丹·希尔(Dan

Hill)指出的

的地位,但是一个真正的网络思

估计,到2020年,将会有50亿台

些问题的关注的,无疑,与隐私

实的是一种类极权的社交工程设

那样,在一个如伦敦那样的城市

维有待感染建筑。建筑仍然在聚

Wi-Fi连接设备,所有这些设备都

有关。获取我们的大量资料和元

计:通过财务命令来说服人们进

(拥有欧洲最古老的住宅),智能

焦在物体上。或者,如伊斯特林

要收集数据并传输回它们的制造

数据可能不会等同于在我们家里

入一种更好的行为模式。事实上

住宅将需要与维多利亚时代(Vic-

所说:“建筑正在水里创造临时

商并由其保存。简言之,住宅正

嵌入闭路电视摄像头,但它是数

是保险,而非广告,被吹捧为物

torian) 的 墙 和 爱 德 华 时 代 ( Ed-

的石头,世界则正在创造水。” 11

在变成一个数据工厂。

码监视的一种形式。有人可能会

联网“商业模式的本质”,因为

wardian)的管线妥协。在伦敦过热

询问我们是否要回溯汉娜·阿伦

它们可以通过财务处罚来进行控

的房地产市场中,只需要简单地

我们已经参与这一过程一段时间

特(Hannah Arendt)所辩称的并不怎

制。如果你的智能跑步机一天不

重新装修,就可以毫不费力赚到

了,尤其是通过后现代福特主义

么私人的古希腊(ancient Greek)

能够记录下一定的里程,你的保

钱,将我们下部构造太古老的罪

1 布鲁斯·斯特林,《The Epic Struggle of

的社交媒体世界,我们不再为其

的隐私概念。私人领域的概念在

险费就会增长。此外,抽烟或饮

过留在“一种全国通用的柜内壁

the Internet of Things》, (莫斯科: 史翠卡出

9

制造机器构建但制造主体——观

那时候也不怎么珍视。仅仅在几

用波旁威士忌(Bourbon)超过一点

纸(Farrow & Ball)”之下。

点想法,生活方式的选择,我们

个世纪之后,私有财产就为人们

可以构成越轨行为的剂量,就可

撕掉墙纸并升级电线系统将被视

2 迈克尔·E·波特(Michael E. Porter)和

的公共形象。不同的理论家对

提供了“在民众的公共世界中唯

以让你失去保险资格。

为“过分投资”。

詹姆斯·E·赫佩尔曼(James E. Heppelmann)

此持有不同观点。齐格蒙特·鲍

一可靠的藏匿之地,并不仅仅避

曼(Zygmunt Bauman)将其称为自我

开当中发生的一切,而且完全逃

智能住宅秉持节约能源,节约医

隐喻性的网络越多,物联网的元

《哈佛商业评论》(2014年11月):65.

的商品化,而弗朗哥·比佛·贝

离它的公共性,避免被看到和被

疗保健支出的效率主义,很轻

网络就越依赖于真实的铺设在地

3 我引自BERG公司创始人马特·韦伯(Matt

易就填补了空白。通过令人满意

下生锈的管道里电缆系统。班海

Webb),他最初说这话时没有什么担保。

的、高效的产品,智能住宅的

姆提醒我们,爱迪生(Edison)如

4 雷内尔·班纳姆,《The Architecture of

Domestic

拉 尔 迪 (Franco“Bifo”

听到。”

6

Berardi)称 之 为 “ 认 知

因为

版社(Strelka Press), 2014)

,“智能、连接产品如何改变竞争,”

劳动”,本质上是沟

在这里,隐私不完全是公开的,

引入将是格外真实的。一个例子

果不发明输电电流运载系统,他

the Well-Tempered Environment》(阿姆斯特

通劳动。不难将贝拉

但被暴露于其他私人公司企业。

是那封著名的由奥尔德斯·赫胥

的灯泡就毫无用处,由此强调他

丹:爱思唯尔(Elsevier),2013),278

尔迪的信息商品理论

技术公司提供给我们的交易是以

黎(Aldous Huxley)写给乔治·

的观点:是辅助服务(精巧小配件

5 戴夫·艾格斯,《The Circle》(纽约:

扩展到智能住宅上。

智能住宅的效率和隐私做交换。

奥威尔(George Orwell)的信件

和高度专业化)使现代主义形式成

企鹅,2013),126

智能住宅潜伏的问题

而我们消费者则愿意成为共犯,

中,争辩1984年“靴上脸(boot-

为可能。但是即使当电气服务的

6 汉娜·阿伦特,《The Human Condition》­­

是我们在平常生活中

仅因为我们习惯了以我们的免费

on-the-face)”的极权主义不

部署能决定建筑的外在形式(例

( 芝 加 哥 : 芝 加 哥 大 学 ( University of

也会无意识地产生数

数据来购买服务——为了报答人

可能比赫胥黎的《美丽新世界》

如,路易斯·康(Louis Kahn)位于

Chicago),1998)

据——比如诸如很开

们制造的数据,这些产品中的一

(Brave

World)中的反乌托邦

费城(Philadelphia)的理查兹纪念

7

心地转发知识阶层的

部分甚至接近免费。但是效率和

更容易实现:“对权力的贪欲可

实验室(Richards Memorial Labora-

辑,《乔治·奥威尔》(纽约:劳特利奇

微博这样的数据。这

控制仅有一线之隔。在2014年

以完全通过暗示人们热爱对他们

tories),建筑师们仍不遗余力地

(Routledge),2002),25

些数据中有一部分对

的威尼斯双年展(Venice

Biennale)

的劳役来满足,那和鞭打及拳打

去隐藏它们。

8 雷姆·库哈斯被英国卫报(Guardian)采

Kool-

脚踢使之服从一样……这改变将

在使用多少能量或在回家的路上

haas)采访巢公司的首席执行官托

7

就能知道冰箱里是否有牛奶,但

尼·法德尔(Tony Fadell)时(巢公

是它们中的大多数,尤其是元数

司是库哈斯的“元素(Elements)”

据,是无用的。然而,所有这些

我们是有用的,可以知道我们正

中,当雷姆·库哈斯(Rem

New

Myers),编

访,3月12日,2014

我们喜欢我们的网络基础设施不

9

可见,因此我们精心制作了如

做管道工程,一个罗杰斯(Rogers)来重新

这种独特的图景将一个现代主义

“云”这样朦胧的隐喻。在心底

布线,一个伍重(Utzon)来测传热系数”-

展览的赞助商),他认为,一个自

的思考模式转变至一个信息时代

我们知道,云是一个巨大的服务

dezeen,五月一日,2014

数据对于这些产品的生产商来说

动调温器从知道怎样节能到给用

的思考模式来看待住宅,即从效

器集群,位于休斯顿(Houston)

10 詹姆斯·布赖德尔,“云”,图标

都是有价值的货币。

户提议“实际上,你已经消耗了

率转变为偏执,从机械转变为拟

之外的某个地方,只是眼不见为

(Icon)杂志,二月16日,2015

足够一天用的能量,是时候去睡

人。勒·柯布西耶说“为一个住

净。蒂莫·阿尔诺(Timo Arnall)

1 1 凯 勒 · 伊 斯 特 林 , 《 The Action

觉了”,这之间只需要一小步。

宅可以像一个打字机一样务实而

的电影《互联网机器Internet Ma-

is the Form: Victor Hugo’s TED Talk》

骄傲”时,雷姆·库哈斯现在则

chine》 中 , 镜 头 进 入 一 个 位 于

(莫斯科:史翠卡出版社,2012)

冷静地断言,“很快你的房子将

西班牙(Spain)的数据中心,怪诞

然后,住宅就成了我们非物质劳 动的延伸。它是衡量标准的生产 者。就像我们的可穿戴设备测量

也许,作为一个1960年代生人,

我们的脚步那样,我们的住宅将

库哈斯回想到了库布里克(Kubrick)

用其他方式监控并估量我们。

的《2001:太空漫游》

我们所有的设备将在一个广阔的

从提高效率的切身需要开始。”

杰夫瑞·梅尔斯(Jeffrey

会出卖你。”

8

丹·希尔,“我们需要一个(Prouvé)来

地徘徊于成堆的服务器,呼呼作 响的电扇,几英里长的光线电缆

《霍尼韦尔,我回来了!》作者:贾斯汀麦

现代艺术馆展览的前一年,超

上,这正好使得这种隐喻变得有

克奎克,首先发表于《e-flux》杂志 第64

形。

期,2015年11月8日刊登于http://www.e-

数据农场联合协作收割我们的数

戴夫·鲍曼(Dave Bowman):打开舱

级工作室构想了“2000吨城市

据。数据为什么对拥有家电公司

门,哈尔。

(2000-Ton City)”。这个超级

的科技公司有用呢?因为他们可

哈尔 (HAL):对不起,戴夫,恐怕

建筑中的市民居住在一个技术乌

所有这些都在说智能住宅仅仅是

the-internet-of-things-and-the-new-

以 用 它来做用户 分 析 , 更 好 地 发

我不能那样做了。

托邦中,他们的所有愿望都可以

个切入点,消费者通过它进入一

domestic-landscape/

给你有针对性的广告。通过预测

戴夫·鲍曼:什么问题?

在其中得到满足。要是他们持有

个巨大的拥有隐形基础设施的新

flux.com/journal/honeywell-im-home-


THE SMART HOME 智能家居

5

Skype Co-Founders Launch The Starship ‘Ground Drone’ For Deliveries by Mike B utcher

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To date most of the talk around drones has been about how flying drones will disrupt the delivery industry. But for some bizarre reason the whole idea of a ‘ground drone’ which could address the ‘last mile’ of deliveries tended to be missed. Well, no more.

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Now, two former co-founders of Skype, Ahti Heinla and Janus Friis, have created Starship Technologies, an Estonian start-up which will produce a small autonomous drone which looks like a fridge on wheels with blinking LED lights.

Although crowded city streets are less than ideal, it’s in gated communities, retirement villages, university campuses and the suburbs where Starship drones are likely to thrive. While theft could be an issue, thieves would have to contend with the video camera and the GPS tracking system, were they tempted to steal the drone or its contents.

Edited version of ‘Skype Co-

Affairs

CROCK-POT®

Founders Launch The Starship ‘Ground Drone’ For Deliveries’ by Mike Butcher, published by TechCrunch. Accessed November 5, 2015 at http://techcrunch. com/2015/11/05/skype-cofounders-launch-the-starshipground-drone-for-deliveries/#. snlg6lk:615O

The 30-person Estonian firm will launch experimental deliveries in Greenwich, London, and in the US next spring, with a full service in 2017.

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The Starship drone is designed to deliver groceries, drugstore goods and small packages to suburban homes. It also has a major advantage over flying drones: it won’t fall out of the sky or take out an airliner. The idea is that a customer will place an order online, then the Starship drone will be automatically loaded up with the goods inside a ‘port­ able warehouse’ which is actually constructed from a converted cargo container. This can be placed anywhere which is convenient, like a parking lot or by a shopping mall, for instance. The Starship then heads out on the sidewalks at a top speed of four miles an hour, with a range of up to two miles. The aim is to deliver a package in under 30 minutes. The customer can track the drone’s progress with an app, then use the app to open up the drone and take delivery of the package. The six-wheeled vehicle has a low-power electric motor which only requires a fast charge back at base. It can even tackle some low stairs.

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Skype 合创始人推出送货 的Starship“地面无人机” 撰文:迈克·布彻 迄今为止,围绕无人机的讨论大

是由一个货运集装箱改装而成,

多集中在飞行无人机会如何冲

可放置在任何方便的地点,如停

击快递行业。奇怪的是,能够解

车场或商场旁边。无人机装好货

决快递业从货运中心到人们家里

物后随即出发,沿人行道以最高

这“最后一公里”问题的“地面

4英里的时速前进,最远可达距离

和郊区发挥大作用。不必担心小

无人机”,却始终不见提及。不

为2英里。它的目标是在30分钟以

偷的问题,因为他们要是想偷无

过现在终于有人出手了。

内送达。

人机或递送的货物,得先斗得过 摄像头和GPS跟踪系统才行。

Skype的两位前创始人,阿迪·赫

用户可通过配套APP来跟踪无人

恩拉和贾纳斯·弗里斯,在爱沙

机,打开它并取出包裹。无人机

这家爱沙尼亚公司共30人,他们

尼亚合伙创立了Starship技术公

为六轮配置,采用低耗电动,可

计划在伦敦格林威治进行送货测

司。该公司将生产一种小型自主

快速充电。它甚至还能爬上一些

试,明年春天在美国测试,2017

无人机,其外观形似装着轮子、

较低的台阶。

年全面上线。

原型机可承载40磅,即两大包货

原文 : ‘Skype Co-Founders

这款Starship无人机的设计目

物。它的内部安装了区域高清地

Launch The Starship ‘Ground

的,是为了给居住在郊区的家庭

图,通过摄像头和雷达来导航,

Drone’ For Deliveries’

递送日用品、药品和小型包裹。

因为GPS的精准度不足以确保无人

by Mike Butcher,发表于

与飞行无人机相比,它的最大优

机始终在人行道上。此外,它还

TechCrunch, http://techcrunch.

势在于,不会从天上掉下来或者

配备了麦克风和话筒,可实现与

com/2015/11/05/skype-co-

干扰客机飞行。

人互动。

founders-launch-the-starship-

带LED灯的小冰箱。

The prototype can carry around 40 pounds, or, say two bags of groceries, and employs high-resolution maps of a local area. A camera and radar help it to navigate the world, because GPS isn’t accurate enough to keep the robot on the sidewalk. It will also have speakers and microphones to interact with humans.

ground-drone-for-deliveries/#. 用户在网上下订单之后,Starship

地面无人机在拥挤的城市街道效

snlg6lk:615O. 2015年11月5日获

无人机会在一个“便携仓库”里

果算不上理想,它更有可能在封

取。本文经过编辑。

自动备货。这个便携仓库实际上

闭社区、安老村/社区、大学校园


6

智能家居 THE SMART HOME

Beijing’s Chaoyang district: World’s ‘fifth largest intelligence agency’ by Yao Yao / Yang Jie

Quake Alarm JDS Earthquake Alarm provides early quake warning by detecting an earthquake’s sound wave before the destructive shear wave strikes your home.

地震警报

( chinadaily.com.cn )

JDS

China’s Internet users have amusingly nicknamed resi­ dents of Beijing’s Chaoyang district (or acronym BJCYQZ in Chinese Pinyin) as the “fifth largest intelligence agency” in the world after the Central Intelligence Agency in the US, the Committee of State Security (KGB) in the former Soviet Union, Mossad in Israel and Military Intelligence 6 (MI6) in the UK. “A Chaoyang resident came to our drug control team this January, reporting the unusual behavior of one of his neighbours. The neighbour was reportedly behaving much like a drug user as he was sneaking around, staying at home in daytime and going out at night or sometimes staying up all night,” said Li Jiangbo, the deputy-­ director of the drug control team of the district police station. We followed the tip and discovered more than 30 grams of ice at the neighbor’s house and also two of his suppliers, added Li.

Domestic

Besides drug control, residents in Chaoyang have also tipped the police about celebrities buying sex resulting in the arrest of famous micro-blogger Charles Xue (whose nickname is Xuemanzi) and well-known C­hin­ ese actor Huang Haibo. Clues provided by residents in Chaoyao have also proved ­ valuable in helping police crack cases about illegal constructions, fire hazards and unlicensed taxis, so on so forth. “I believe BJCYQZ refers to ordinary people who believe in justice, abide by the law and have the courage to fight against crime,” said Li. Sun Zongfen, 73, and p ­ eople like her conduct regular patrols of their community, which features newcomers because it’s close to a hospital and a flea market

frequented by foreigners.

“地震警报”能在地震横波攻击你家之 前,通过侦测地震的纵波来向您预警地

“We have a hotline with the director of our local police station, the officers of which will arrive within 10 minutes after they receive our call,” said Yu Xiaohui, a community patrol who has lived in her community for 32 years. “We know everyone in our apartment building.” No crimes have taken place in Yu’s community in 12 years even though the community has only two police officers. BJCYQZ is not a newly emerging security force consisting of common people, and it now involves about 120,000 people, said Han. Statistics show that Beijing police received more than 1,500 drug-related tips from common people, up 64.8 percent year-on-year, and 240 of them provided valuable information leading to the arrest of more than 260 suspects since the beginning of this year. From March 2014 when Beijing police started awarding people providing valuable tips about terror-related crimes to May 2015, common people provided a total number of more than 800 tips, helping the police crack cases about illegal ownership and transport of guns and explosives as well as instigating violent terrorist activities.

震。

北京朝阳区: “世界第五大情报组织” 撰文:Yao Yao / Yang Jie

(中国日报网)

中国网民把“北京朝阳群众” (BJCYQZ)戏称为“世界第五大

一个旧货市场和一所医院,人流

情报组织”,位列美国中央情报

量大、环境复杂,孙宗芬就和

局、前苏联克格勃、以色列摩萨

老姐妹一起定时在小区巡逻。另

德与英国军情六处之后。

外一个小区的巡逻员于小惠说: “我们跟派出所所长有个热线,

“今年1月,一名朝阳区群众直

发现问题打电话,10分钟内准

接找到禁毒中队,举报他的一

到。”于小惠已经在该小区住了

个邻居每天‘昼伏夜出’,行动

32年,她说自己居住的这栋楼

鬼鬼祟祟而且整夜整夜不睡觉,

“每家每户我们都了解”。她所

看着感觉像吸毒的。”朝阳公

在的小区尽管只有两名社区民

安分局禁毒中队副中队长李江波

警,却保持着连续12年社区零发

说,“我们根据这条举报线索,

案的记录。

在被举报的男子家里发现了30 多克冰毒,之后还抓获了他的两

朝阳公安分局人口管理大队副大

名‘上家’”。

队长韩春喜说,“朝阳群众” 并不是近两年才涌现出来的,目

Invisible is protection against new forms of biological surveillance. Erase is an ‘anti­ -DNA cleaning product’ similar to a disinfectant spray. Replace, on the other hand, is an obfuscation spray that adds a mixture of gen­etic material to a DNA sample to cloak the details of the ori­ ginal. As a set it can be used to wipe everything clean, or leave an alternate genetic sample to protect one’s genetic privacy. Order at biogenfutur.es

隐形

除了涉毒案件,北京朝阳群众还

前,朝阳区共有群防群治力量约

向警方举报过明星涉黄案件,帮

12万人。据统计,今年以来,北

助警方抓获了网络名人薛蛮子、

京警方已接到群众举报涉毒线索

移除(Erase)是一种“DNA抗体清理产

演员黄海波等人。此外,在违法

1500余条,同比增加64.8%,其中

品”,类似一种消毒喷雾。替换(Re-

建筑、火灾隐患、黑车扰序等治

查实240余起,抓获涉毒犯罪嫌疑

混合遗传物质加入到一个遮掩DNA样本中

安类警情方面,也都有朝阳群众

人260余名。

来的细节。作为一套产品,它们可以用来

举报的重要线索。

希瑟·杜威哈伯格 “隐形”帮助人们抵制新型的生物监控。

place)则是一种混淆喷雾,通过将一种

将一切东西擦干净,或留下替换的遗传基 因来保护人们的基因隐私。

自2014年3月北京警方颁布《群 “我认为‘北京朝阳群众’,是

众举报涉恐涉暴线索奖励办法》

那些懂法、有正义感,敢于与违

至2015年5月,已收到群众举

法犯罪行为作斗争的人。”李江

报涉恐涉暴线索800余条,破获

波说。

了涉及非法持有和运输枪支、

在线预定:biogenfutur.es

易燃易爆危险物品、煽动实施 73岁的孙宗芬老人所住小区毗邻

暴力恐怖活动等方面的案件。

Ambulance-Drone Edited version of ‘Beijing’s

Invisible Heather Dewey­- Hagborg

急救无人机

Alec Momont

亚力克·默蒙特

原文:‘Beijing’s Chaoyang district: World’s ‘fifth

Chaoyang district: World’s ‘fifth

Ambulance-Drone

speed

急救无人机是一个高速的无人机网络,

largest intelligence agency’ by

drone network that delivers emergency

能在数分钟内将急救设备运送到任何地

supplies to any location within minutes.

点。Drones For Good项目旨在探讨无人机

agency’ by Yao Yao / Yang

Yao Yao / Yang Jie (chinadaily.

Drones For Good explores future pos-

在未来的应用可能性,并在开放平台上开发

Jie (chinadaily.com.cn).

com.cn). Accessed November 5,

sibilities with drones and develops the

此项技术。

is

a

high

http://www.chinadaily.

technology on an open platform.

2015 at http://www.chinadaily. com.cn/china/2015-07/10/ content_21242983.htm

largest intelligence

com.cn/china/2015-07/10/ For more information visit: alecmomont.com

更多信息

alecmomont.com

content_21242983.htm. 2015年11 月5日获取。本文经过编辑。


A 23-year-old Google employee lives in a truck in the company’s parking lot and saves 90% of his income by Kathle en E lkins

The idea started to formulate while Brandon — who asked to withhold his last name and photo to maintain his privacy on campus — was interning at Google last summer and living in the cheapest corporate housing offered: two bedrooms and four people for about $65 a night (roughly $2,000 a month), he told Business Insider. “I realized I was paying an exorbitant amount of money for the apartment I was staying in — and I was almost

never home,” he says. “It’s really hard to justify throwing that kind of money away. You’re essentially burning it — you’re not putting equity in anything and you’re not building it up for a future — and that was really hard for me to reconcile.” He started laying the groundwork for living out of a truck immediately, as he knew he’d be returning to work full time in San Francisco. A school year later, he was purchasing a 16-foot 2006 Ford with 157,000 miles on it. It cost him an even $10,000, which he paid up front with his signing bonus. His one fixed cost is truck insurance — $121 a month — as he doesn’t use electricity, and his phone bill is handled by Google.

23岁谷歌员工住公司停车 场卡车上,工资省九成 撰文:凯瑟琳·埃尔金斯 今年5月中旬,23岁的布兰登从马 萨诸塞州来到旧金山湾区,开始

是唯一一项固定开支,每月121美

在谷歌担任软件工程师。他没有

元,因为他不用电,而手机费都

选择住在租金昂贵的公寓里,而

是谷歌支付的。

是搬进了一辆面积128平方英尺的 卡车。

“我基本上没有需要插电的东 西,”他在博客里写道。“车里

出于个人隐私考虑,布兰登要求

有几盏内置顶灯,我有一盏电池

Business Insider不透露他的姓

供电的感应灯,晚上用。还有一

氏和照片。住在卡车里的想法,

个小的电池组,每隔几天在公司

是从他去年夏天在谷歌实习时开

充一次电,晚上用它给耳机和手

始的。他告诉BI,那时候他住在

机充电。工作用的笔记本白天在

公司提供的最便宜的宿舍里:四

公司充电,晚上就够用了。”

“I don’t actually own anything that needs to be plugged in,” he explains on his blog. “The truck has a few built-in overhead lights, and I have a motion-sensitive battery-powered lamp I use at night. I have a small battery pack that I charge up at work every few days, and I use that to charge my headphones and cellphone at night. My work laptop will last the night on a charge, and then I charge it at work.” The space is sparse and minimal, he says: “The main things that I have are a bed, a dresser, and I built a coat rack to hang up my clothes. Besides that, and a few stuffed animals, there’s pretty much nothing in there.” As for food and showers, that’s all on Google’s campus. He eats breakfast, lunch, and dinner at work and showers every morning in the corporate gym post-workout. Additionally, saving on rent has allowed him to dine at nice restaurants and enjoy San Francisco more than if he opted for living in an apartment.

7

Earth Alchemy Factory Atelier NL The glass industry uses only white, pure sand for manufacturing glass. This type of sand can only be found in a small number of sand quarries around the world. Atelier NL is persistently searching and experiments with diverse materials. The glass tiles are made from local non-pure stands.

魔力土工厂 NL工作室

玻璃工业只使用白色、纯净的沙子来制造 玻璃。这种沙子只能在全世界少量的采沙 场找到。NL工作室坚持找寻和试验不同的 材料。这些玻璃瓦板是用当地不纯净的沙 子制作的。

Affairs

When 23-year-old Brandon headed from Massachusetts to the Bay Area in mid-May to start work as a software engineer at Google, he opted out of settling into an overpriced San Francisco apartment. Instead, he moved into a 128-squarefoot truck.

家居经济 THE DOMESTIC ECONOMY

THE DOMESTIC ECONOMY 家居经济

Hair Highway

发丝高速公路

Alexander Groves & Azusa Murakami (Studio Swine)

斯瓦恩工作室 亚历山大·格罗夫斯 和 村上梓

The export of human hair represents

头发出口是中国的一项大产业。人们将头发留

a large industry in China. People grow

蓄到一定长度,然后剪掉并卖给专门的公司。

their hair to a certain length before cut-

斯瓦恩工作室将头发与天然树脂相结合,创造

ting it and selling it to specialised com-

了一种合成材料。受1930年代的上海装饰主义

panies. By combining hair with a natural

(Shanghai-deco)风格的启发,打造出了一

resin, Studio Swine has created a com-

个独特精致的物件系列。

posite material. The result is a unique collection of exquisite objects inspired by the 1930s Shanghai-deco style.

Potato Table Ware DUS architects

马铃薯餐具 DUS建筑设计

The edible leftovers of the potato can

吃剩的马铃薯现在可以应用于三维打印中

now be used for 3D printing. Together

了。DUS建筑设计和其他创新伙伴一起开发了

with several innovation partners, DUS

用马铃薯淀粉三维打印成的“瓷器”。DUS用

architects is working on 3D-printable

这种材料开发了一个独特的餐具系列。这个设

‘porcelain’ made from potato starch.

计完全使用参数化设计,并且全部基于马铃薯

With this material, DUS developed a

的形状,每次都能形成一个独特的形状。

unique set of tableware pieces. The designs are scripted using parametric design programmes and all based on the shape of the potato, resulting in a unique shape every time.

Another perk: his commute from a parking spot on the periphery of Google’s campus is a few seconds on foot, rather than a few hours sitting in San Francisco traffic. Edited

version

of

‘A

23-year-

old Google employee lives in a

个人住两间卧室,每晚花费约65 车里空间很小。他说:“我的主

truck in the company’s parking

要物品就是一张床、一个梳妆

lot and saves 90% of his income’

The Flax Project

“我发现自己为了那个住处要

台,另外我还造了个挂衣服的衣

by Kathleen Elkins. Accessed No-

Christien Meindertsma

克里斯汀·梅因德斯玛

花很多钱,而我几乎从来不回

架。再加上几个毛绒玩具,别

vember 6, 2015 at http://www.

的就没什么了。”至于吃饭和洗

businessinsider.com/google-em-

掉实在是不可理喻。既不是投

澡,全在谷歌园区里解决。他一

ployee-lives-in-truck-in-parking-

资,也不是在为将来做打算,根

日三餐都在公司,每天早晨锻炼

lot-2015-10

本就是烧钱。我没法让自己接受

后在公司健身房冲淋浴。

Flax used to be one of the most important textile fibres in the Netherlands, it was grown and processed into all kinds of textiles. Christien Meindertsma is developing the harvest of the whole lot into end products. She aims to make a series of products from flax - from the seed to the end product.

亚麻过去一直是荷兰最重要的纺织纤维之一,

去,”他说。“把钱那样白白花

美元(约每月2000美元)。

这个。”

原文:‘A 23-year-old Google 此外,省下的住房开销让他有能

employee lives in a truck in

他知道自己将来会在谷歌全职工

力去好的餐厅就餐,好好享受在

the company’s parking lot and

作,于是立刻着手为住在卡车里

这座城市里的生活,比租住公寓

saves 90% of his income’by

做准备。一个学年后,他买了一

强多了。

Kathleen Elkins. http://www.

辆16英尺长、已经跑了15.7万英 里的2006款福特车。

businessinsider.com/google还有一个好处:他的卡车就停在

employee-lives-in-truck-in-

谷歌园区的停车场上,他上班步

parking-lot-2015-10.2015年11月6

买车花了大约一万美元,他是用

行几分钟就到,完全免去了几个

日获取。本文经过编辑。

自己的签约奖金付的。卡车保险

小时的城市交通之苦。

亚麻项目

它被种植加工成各种各样的纺织品。克里斯蒂 汀·梅因德斯玛正在将整个阶段的收获开发成 最终产品。她的目标是用亚麻来创作一系列产 品 ——从亚麻种子到亚麻成品。


8

家居经济 THE DOMESTIC ECONOMY

From Harvard to webcam girl Woolfiller

by A nna Katzen

Last autumn I sat in a midtown cubicle sorting receipts for my boss’s monthly expense report. I had recently earned my master’s degree from Harvard and had accepted a coveted yet thankless entry-­ level position at a well-known philanthropic organization in New York City. Convinced that I was doing the “right thing,” I spent a year botching Excel spreadsheets and crying in office bathroom stalls. At best, I completed simple administrative tasks, such as printing paper and hoarding Post-its, with mild competence. I relished these peaceful moments, for the majority of the time I felt more like a 2-year-old filing estate taxes with crayons. For the first time, my intellect and perfectionist work ethic had failed me. Without these crutches, I had nothing. Except, perhaps, for my body. I remembered a conversation I had several months earlier with an acquaintance, whose ex-girlfriend, he claimed, made a decent living as a camgirl. “What exactly does a camgirl do?” I asked him.

Domestic

“Well,” he said, “usually they just strip, tease and get themselves off in front of guys online in exchange for money and gifts.” So I did what any reasonable young professional would do: I purchased a high-definition Web camera, excavated a cache of lingerie from the basement and submitted photocopies of my driver’s license to become an adult webcam model. The first time that I logged on as “Marina,” I wore a tight black tank top and a comfortable pair of shorts, figuring that if the camming thing didn’t work out, I would at least be dressed for consolation pastries afterward. But before I could even finish doubting myself, a swarm of users flooded my chat room, tipping liberally with “tokens,” the website’s local currency, and barraging me with questions.

Become a webcam model today and earn over $4000 per week!

“Why did you start camming?” asked someone with the username TiredForearm. “Well, I came here because I hate my real job and wanted to see if this could be a viable financial alternative,” I said, tweaking my nipples a bit in hopes of resuscitating some of the erections I undoubtedly just lost. “How does it feel getting naked in front of hundreds of guys?” asked OldnFat1. “It’s OK, I guess. Neither here nor there,” I said instinctively before correcting myself, “but I still have my panties on, so let’s get them off and see what I feel like after!” I began leaving the office sharply at 5 p.m., applying my makeup on the subway ride home and often skipping dinner in order to log online faster. I broadcast my webcam show until 10 or 11 p.m., then rolled into bed exhausted, exhilarated and up to $600 richer. After only a week of moonlighting as a camgirl, earning twice the wages of my desk job in half of the time, I handed in my notice. “Freelance work,” I told my boss and parents alike. The men I meet online rarely fall into the category of “anonymous assholes who have abandoned all social etiquette,” nor do they resemble the pasty, calculator-wristwatch-wearing forebears of chat rooms past. Many, in fact, are successful professionals in their field – whether it be law, the arts ­ or academia. “I came for the tits, but stayed for the intellectual banter,” remarked one visitor. In addition to more classic webcam performances – wet T-shirts, oil slathering or run-of-the-mill masturbation – some of my most popular performances entail me reading erotica, perhaps Anais Nin or the Marquis de Sade, in the buff. As a result, according to numerous viewers, I have unwittingly created a powerful “brand” for myself: the wild intellectual, the bluestocking in garters.

Heleen Klopper Woolfiller enables you to repair holes and hide stains in woollen jumpers, cardigans, jackets, carpets, and other household goods.

毛线填充器

You can get paid to join our elite group of cam girls and broadcast to our millions of members using our easy to use tools and services.

y! Get started toda at er regist m 121webcams.co

海伦·克洛普 “毛线填充器”使你可以修补和隐藏毛 织品上的洞或污点,如羊毛衫、外套、 地毯和其他家庭用品。

成为网络视频模特,周薪超过4000美金! 您可以加入我们的视频女郎精英团队,通过我们便捷 的工具和服务向上百万的会员广播。

构造我!

Construct Me! Hardware Collection Studio Droog

楚格工作室

These screws, hinges, nuts, nails, brack-

这些螺丝钉、合页、螺母、钉子、支架和其它

ets

super

五金器具都极为有用,但是他们也可以为你的

functional – but they also add value,

家具增添价值、性格和丰富的故事。在楚格工

character and a richer narrative to your

作室的五金集合中,你将找到能减少你手指受

furniture. In Studio Droog’s hardware

伤几率的钉子、双向领带包装,花俏的合页和

collection, you will find nails that reduce

对着你笑的螺丝钉。

and

other

hardware

are

the risk of hitting your finger, two way tie wraps, fancy hinges and screws that smile at you.

in earnings as I struggled to engage a novelty-driven audience. As I enter my seventh month, I am only left with more questions. How much money will I earn this week? How long will I continue to cam? Who is this painted and coiffed person beaming at me in the mirror – and is she really as happy as she looks? Where does Marina end and my true self begin? Does it even matter?

droog.com

Cloning Objects

克隆物体

Jesse Howard

杰西·霍华德

Cloning Objects presents a scenario in

“克隆物体”展示了一个情景,显示了产品自

which a collection of products are each

身已嵌入了一切其再生产所需的信息。通过扫

embedded with all of the information

描一个物体,就能在软件界面上揭示出其清晰

needed for their own reproduction. Scan-

的三维数据、用于数字制造工具复制的文件、

ning the object with a software interface

电子组件的信息和图表以及任何用来控制这个

reveals the digital 3D-definition, files

物体的软件所用的元代码。自复制物体和它们

for reproduction with digital fabrication

的组件在个人层面上,制成了易用并可供自由

tools, information and schematics for

分享、修改和再造的。

electronic components, and the sourcecode for any software used to control the object. The autonomous objects and their components are made accessible on an individual level, and can be freely shared, modified, and redistributed.

Anna Katzen is the pen name of a real writer and camgirl living in New York. Edited version of ‘From Harvard to webcam girl’ by Anna Katzen. Accessed November 6, 2015 at http://www.salon.com/2014/02/10/ from_harvard_to_webcam_girl/

Invert Footwear

反转鞋

Elisa van Joolen

埃利萨·凡·朱冷

Invert Footwear is a collection of sneakers

“反转鞋”收集了胶底运动鞋并将它们内外反

turned inside out. This process highlights

转。这个加工突出了缝合线,以此强调生产过

the seams, thus emphasizing the hand-

程中的手工艺并同时不再强调这些鞋的工业产

work of the production process and si-

品属性。“反转鞋”质疑了手工制作和大批量

multaneously de-emphasizing the shoes as

生产的一线之差。

industrial products. Invert Footwear questions the thin line between craft labour and mass-production.

By my third month of camming, I noticed a marked drop


THE DOMESTIC ECONOMY 家居经济

Jan Rothuizen, 2015

Affairs

Massage Li

9

Massage parlours have become hugely popular in Amsterdam in the last decade.

There used to be thirty; now there are over three hundred. The police suspect that many Chinese and Oriental massage parlours are actually a front for illegal prostitution and exploitation.

按摩李 Jan Rothuizen,2015

在过去十年里,阿姆斯特丹的按摩店从三十家增 加到三百多家。警方怀疑,许多中国和东方按摩 店只不过是暗娼和血泪工厂的幌子。

Cash Cow, Taobao Taobao, a large online retail platform, has become increasingly important to rural economies across China. Establishing online stores on Taobao requires little more than decent internet links and a logistics chain (often motorcycle delivery), so millions have been able to start selling goods at low cost. The trend has reversed the fortunes of many rural people. In the typical narrative of what have become known as “Taobao villages”, a group of locals starts selling handicrafts online and taps into a lucrative consumer market, bringing money and success to the village. Some vil­ lages near to factories also sell mass-produced manufactured goods. Alibaba, the conglomerate that owns the platform, says a Taobao village is any place where 10% of the

It says such activity is growing fast and that there are already 20 such villages across China, each generating at least 10m yuan ($1.6m) in Taobao-driven revenue. In some rural areas, the ability to set up Taobao shops has meant there is no need to leave home to work in a factory or on a building site in a big city. One village in the southern province of Guangdong has now taken the concept to the next level, opening a “Taobao university” where people come to learn how to sell online.

Edited version of ‘Learning To Sell

方,典型的情况是一些本地人在

Online: Cash Cow, Taobao’ by The

网上售卖手工艺品,进入收入不

Economist. Accessed November 9,

菲的消费者市场,由此使村子致

2015 at http://www.businessinsider.

富。一些邻近工厂的村子也会售

com/learning-to-sell-online-cash-

卖大批量生产的商品。

外星人”柠檬榨汁机

cow-taobao-2014-5 淘宝所属的阿里巴巴集团称, “淘宝村”意指任何一个有10% 当地人口从事网上零售的地方。 它还称,这种模式增长迅速,现 在全中国已有20个这样的淘宝

BurdaStyle Magazines Get the latest BurdaStyle looks!

村,每个村子在淘宝上的收入至 少有1000万人民币(约160万美

patterns,

元)。在部分农村,有能力开淘

plus sewing tips and techniques Bur-

宝店就意味着没必要离家去大城

Packed daStyle

with

dressmaking

Magazines

are

filled

with

fashion inspiration and will teach you

市的工厂或建筑工地上打工。

to take your dressmaking skills to the next level.

中国南方广东省的一个村,把

A truly great magazine for anyone

“农村淘宝”的概念进一步提

who sews, includes all patterns at no

升,开办了一所“淘宝大学”,

additional cost and extras to download.

教人如何在网上销售。军埔村当

burdastyle.com

地政府很早就开始支持淘宝概 念,为村民提供免费WIFI、税收

The local government of Junpu decided early on to support the Taobao concept with free wireless internet for residents, tax credits and an informal plan to give free store space to anyone who wants to set up a physical shop for their inventory. At the same time, local officials went a step further by opening a professional school with dozens of teachers to spread the art of Taobao selling. Nearly 300 students are enrolled in the school, which is free to all.

Juicy Salif Philippe Starck for Alessi

优惠,还有一项非正式计划,为 任何打算开实体店的人提供免费

学习网上销售: 淘宝是棵摇钱树

仓储场所。 当地政府同时还开办了一所 由十几位老师传授淘宝开店 技 巧 的 学 校 。 学 校 完 全 免 费,已有近300名学生报到。

大型网上零售平台淘宝,开始在 中国农村经济中起到越来越重要

原文:‘Learning To Sell

的作用。在淘宝上开店的门槛很

Online: Cash Cow, Taobao’

低,只需要能够接入网络和一条

出自《经济学人》http://www.

物流链(通常使用电动车送货),因

businessinsider.com/learning-

此中国有数百万人能够以低成本

to-sell-online-cash-cow-

在网上出售商品。这一趋势已经

taobao-2014-5.2015年11月9日获

改善了很多农村人的财富状况。

取。本文经过编辑。

在如今被称为“淘宝村”的地

c a ni s t a y w ith y o u w hi l e ir e nt m y p l a c e o n a ir b n b. c o m

Learning To Sell Online:

population is engaged in online retailing.

Can I stay with you while I rent my place on Airbnb? It’s Airbnb for Airbnb You’re making loads of cash by renting your place. You’d make even more if you had somewhere to stay so you can rent it more often. But asking “Can I stay with you?” can get awkward.

Join a community of people who say: “Sure!”

我在Airbnb上出租了自己的 房子,能跟你呆会儿吗? 给Airbnb的Airbnb 通过出租自己的房子,你挣了不 少钱。要是你能找个地方呆,你就 可以更频繁地出租,挣得更多。但 问“我能跟你呆会儿吗?”可能有 点儿尴尬。 加入这个社区吧,这儿的人一定会 回答“没问题。”


10 家居经济

THE DOMESTIC ECONOMY

Who Makes Below Minimum Wage in the Mechanical Turk Sweatshop? by Alex Mayyasi The wages offered on Mech­ anical Turk do not seem very enticing. Three cents for copying the product codes and prices from a digital receipt. Five cents for identifying a series of images as adult content. $1.13 for writing a verbatim transcript of a 4 minute and 2 second audio clip. Mechanical Turk is a service of Amazon.com allowing employers to crowdsource the fulfillment of very simple tasks. The idea is that the tasks, which require a human to perform them rather than an algorithm, can be performed as if by a machine. Workers anywhere in the world can browse and choose tasks to fulfill. All they need is an Internet connection. Although the wages listed below are for tasks that can take under a minute, the average hourly “wage” of someone earning money on Mechanical Turk is $1-$5.

Roughly half of the Mechanical Turk workforce is American, which means that they are working for less than the Federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour. Since the workers are considered independent contractors, they are not covered by most labor laws. This has led to a debate on the legal and ethical status of the Mechanical Turk system. Some argue for the service since people are voluntarily choosing the work. They also note that these wages can be quite good in countries like India where Mechanical Turk is used. Most writing on the subject disagree. A Newsweek Article described services like Mechanical Turk as having merit, but looking a lot like high-tech sweatshops. But the demographics of Mechanical Turk workers defies the sweatshop image.

A survey of workers on Mechanical Turk, found that the majority of American workers are young, have at least some college experience, and have household incomes between $25,000 and $60,000. A minority of American workers (just over 10%) spend over 20 hours a week on Mechanical Turk - a number that correlates with the percentage of people who say that the service is their primary income. Around 30% of Turk workers use it because they are un­employed or underemployed. Certainly these workers would appreciate better wages and protections. The rest make under $20 a week by working an hour or two per day. The most commonly cited reasons for using Mechanical Turk are to earn some extra spending money and productively use time that would otherwise

谁在土耳其机器人血 汗工厂里挣的工资最低? 的支持者认为,打工者都是自愿

厂里工作是他们主要收入的人员

工资并不吸引人。从

的。他们还着重指出,对于像印

百分比相关。约30%的工人处于失

数字收据上复制产品

度这样使用土耳其机器人的国

业或就业不足状态。这些工人当

码和价格,工资3美

家,这样的工资水平相当不错。

然期望更高的工资和保护。其余

分,鉴定一堆色情图

多数讨论这个话题的文章持反对

的人每天工作1到2小时,每周工

片,5美分。听写一段

意见。新闻周刊(Newsweek)的

资不足20美元,客串一下机器人

4分2秒的音频内容,1

一篇文章形容土耳其机器人服务

无非是为了充分利用本来浪费在

块1毛3分。

虽然有闪光之处,但看起来更像

看电视上的时间挣点儿外快。

Domestic

土耳其机器人开出的

是高科技血汗工厂。

土耳其机器人是亚马

正如评论者指出,目前尚不清楚

be wasted watching television. As commentators have pointed out, it’s unclear how labor laws would be applied to Mechanical Turk. How do you define a minimum wage when the workers come from all parts of the globe? Foreigners in countries like India, with lower wages, are increasingly finding the site and making up a larger percentage of the work force. So

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over time, the service will look more like classic outsourcing (with all the relevant pros and cons). Edited version of ‘Who Makes Below Minimum Wage in the Mechanical Turk Sweatshop?’ by Alex Mayyasi. Accessed November 6, 2015 at http://priceonomics. com/who-makes-below-minimumwage-in-the-mechanical/

婴 儿墩布 这款婴儿墩布超柔软、超舒适。墩 布用超吸收性材料加工制成,专门 设计用来擦净、擦亮您家地板。

在bonanza.com 订购

Inman Couple Charged With Making Meth With Children In Home By Fred Cunningham

burg County Sheriff’s Office. Kathryn Douglas was INMAN – A father and mother­ charged with four counts of in Inman have been arrested manufacturing meth with a on charges of manufacturing minor, first offense manumethamphetamine and ex- facturing meth, disposal of posing their four children – meth waste and manufacincluding a one-year old – to turing meth near a school. the chemicals. Edited version of ‘Inman Couple

Kyle Scott Douglas, 26, was charged with four counts of manufacturing meth with a minor, two counts of first offense manufacturing meth, disposal of meth waste and manufacturing meth near a school by the Spartan-

Charged With Making Meth With Children In Home’ by Fred Cunningham. Accessed November 6, 2015 at http://wspa. com/2015/09/30/inman-couplecharged-with-making-meth-withchildren-in-home/

Inman夫妇被控孩子在场 时在家制造冰毒

逊(Amazon.com)的一

但土耳其机器人工人的统计资料

劳动法如何适用于土耳其机器

项业务,允许雇主将

驳斥了血汗工厂一说。一项关于

人。如何为全球各地的工人制定

简单任务众包(crowd-

土耳其机器人工人的调查显示,

最低工资标准呢?原本工资更低

Inman镇的一对父母被逮捕,被

县警察局指控犯有四项罪名,因

source)出去。其理念在于,需要

大部分美国工人都很年轻,至少

的外籍员工——比如印度员工,

控在家制造冰毒并将他们的四

初犯制造冰毒、丢弃冰毒废料以

人而不是算法来完成的任务,可

上过大学,家庭收入在25000至

在土耳其机器人工人中比例正在

个孩子——包括一个一岁大的孩

及在学校附近制造冰毒被指控犯

以像是机器在完成一样。世界上

60000美元之间。少数美国工人(

增加。要不了多久,这项服务看

子——暴露在化学品中。26岁的

有两项罪名。Kathryn Douglas因

任何地方的工人都可以浏览任务

略多于10%)花多于20小时在土耳

上去会更像传统的外包(也少不

Kyle Scott Douglas因与未成年

与伙同未成年人制造冰毒、初犯

列表并从中选择要完成的任务,

其机器人上班,这一数字与声称

了支持和反对)。

人共同制造冰毒而被Spartanburg

制造冰毒、丢弃冰毒废料以及在

只需要有互联网就行。 虽然列表上的工资都是给不到一

学校附近制造冰毒而被指控犯有

The Real Thing

四项罪名。

Helmut Smits

分钟就能干完的活儿开出的价 格,但给土耳其机器人干活的人

The Real Thing is a distilling installation that reverts the industrial

实际挣到的平均时薪差不多是1

process of food and drinks production,

至5美元不等。几乎一半土耳其

turning Coca-Cola back into clean

机器人打工族是美国人,这也就

drinking water.

意味着他们的工资低于联邦规定

真材实料

的最低时薪7.25美元标准。由于

赫尔穆特·史密特

这些工人应该算作独立承包人,

“真材实料”是一个蒸馏装置,它将食品和

大部分劳工法都无法保护他们。

饮料的工业加工过程反转,将可口可乐变回

这引起了关于土耳其机器人系统

纯净的饮用水。

的法律和道德地位的辩论。系统

ROOMBA irobot.com


THE HOUSE AS A RETREAT 住宅作为休闲寓所

Faraday Bed Canopy

Lack Index

EMF protection

The Big Mac Index, a cost comparison of one Big Mac hamburger, was

€ 9,43

introduced by “The Economist” in 1986. The Lack Index is the attempt for a

Iceland

€ 4,95

€ 4,23

and IKEA’s Lack table is the most prominent product in the price range of a

Japan

€ 16,75

€ 3,27 Norway

hamburger. What these indexes try to show is the real cost of a Big Mac or a

€ 8,41

Finland

Sweden

European version. Because what McDonalds is to the US, is IKEA to Europe

Russia

Lack table through taking in account what people earn in relation to the € 7,34

costs (purchasing power parity).

UK

Comparing the two indexes, one is immediately struck by the fact that both indexes are directly opposite to each other. While a Big Mac is cheapest in

€ 4,46

could explain it with higher shipping costs if not the table would cost more

Denmark

€ 8,13

Czech Rep.

Netherl.

€ 4,99

€ 4,99

Ingvar Kamprad lives. The two other Lack factories in the USA (Virginia) and

Belgium

China operated by Swedwood can also guarantee low shipping cost to the

€ 6,40

€ 4,99

Canada

produced compared to rich Switzerland (€3,60), where the IKEA founder

€ 4,95 France

€ 4,99 Slovakia

€ 4,99

Germ.

€ 7,52

€ 9,39

€ 11,48

Hungary

€ 5,03 Italy

€ 4,99

country that reached the point in which furniture is consumed at a rate close

Portugal

to food, the price can significantly be lowered. In countries where furniture

Switzerland

法拉第床帐

Turkey

Greece

Spain

€ 3,60

Hong Kong

€ 11,90

€ 4,99 € 4,99

In fact consumer behavior might be the key to IKEA’s price policy. Only a

€ 5,18

Bulgaria

Austr.

United States

America’s and Asia.

Taiwan

China

Poland

€ 23,52

€ 4,99 Cyprus

€ 11,01 Israel

from IKEA is something fashionable, something to cherish and hold on to, it’s a good and therefore more expensive. Thus the price is not defined by the

EMF protection

Thailand

你已经拥有了最先进的手

cost of production but by the people’s appreciation of it. In Norway, the

€ 13,64

country with the cheapest Lack table, the price reached a point where it is cheaper to buy a new one than to clean the old.

€ 13,16

Dominican Republic

You’ve got the latest cell phone, computer tablet, wall to wall WiFi in your home, Bluetooth, cordless phones sprinkled liberally around your home. Then one day you answer your cell phone and out of the blue you get a searing, head exploding pain when you put your phone next to your ear. You think the pain will go away but instead it just gets worse. Faraday Canopies protect you from electromagnetic shields and their by-effects.

€ 8,23

机、电脑写字板,有无线网

Kuwait

S. Arabia

络、蓝牙,可以拿着无绳电

€ 14,30

话在你家周围溜达。然后有

Malaysia

€ 8,89

一天,你用手机接电话,在

United Arab Emirates

Lack vs Big Mac

Affairs

Ireland

than double the price in Poland (€7,91) where most of the tables are

€ 13,44

€ 10,54 € 7,91

€ 5,07

poor countries, the Lack table is generally cheapest in rich countries. One

你把手机贴近耳朵时,突然

Out of all countries which have an IKEA and a McDonalds restaurant, in three a Big Mac is more expensive than a Lack table

€ 20,00

11

感觉到灼热,头痛欲裂。你 以为疼痛会消失,但是却愈 €10,30

€ 15,00

Singapore

演愈烈。“法拉第床帐”屏 蔽电磁辐射及其副作用。

住宅作为休闲寓所 THE HOUSE AS A RETREAT

€ 7,76 Australia

The Pirate Cinema

Norway

Sweden

Switzerland

France

Finland

Denmark

Austria

Portugal

Slovakia

Netherlands

Spain

Cyprus

Greece

Italy

Germany

Ireland

Belgium

UK

Hong Kong

US

Czech Rep.

Canada

Australia

Romania

Japan

Kuwait

Poland

sources: www.ikea.com www.economist.com www.gatewaybaltic.com/EN/Export-Intelligence/Life-will-never-be-the-same-after-IKEA.html UAE

Iceland

Israel

China

Singapore

Turkey

Bulgaria

Taiwan

Saudi Arabia

Russia

Dom. Rep.

Thailand

€ 0,00

Malaysia

€ 5,00

Hungary

McDonald’s closed in 2009

€ 10,00

Theo Deutinger and Carlos Castro Justo

Nicolas Maigret A cinematic collage generated by

Lack指数

他们购买巨无霸汉堡或Lack边桌所

居)贵一倍多(3.6欧元),这种

才能显著降低。在那些把宜家家具

需支出显示这两件商品的实际成本

反差本可以用运费来解释,但波兰

当时髦的国家,家具是作为“财

巨无霸指数,一个以麦当劳巨无霸

(基于一种被称作“购买力平价”

恰恰是Lack桌的量产大国。另两家

产”而被珍惜和保有的,自然要贵

peer-to-peer network activity.

汉堡包为标尺的全球成本比较法,

的经济学理论)。

Lack桌工厂均由Swedwood公司经

很多。从这一角度看,价格不仅由

由经济学人在1986年提出。Lack

令人震惊的是,对比显示这两个指

营,一家在美国(弗吉尼亚),一

生产和运输成本、而且由消费者满

指数是这一概念的欧洲版本,因为

数完全相反。巨无霸在贫穷国家最

家在中国,以保证运往美国和亚洲

意度决定。在挪威——全世界Lack

麦当劳之于美国,正如宜家之于欧

便宜,而Lack桌则在富裕国家最便

的运费低廉。

桌最便宜的地方,与其像宜家推荐

洲,而宜家的Lack边桌可以与世界

宜。若非因为这种桌子在波兰卖的

对于宜家的价格政策,更合理的解

那样“用温和清洁剂清洁”你上个

闻名的巨无霸汉堡相提并论。该指

(7.91欧元)比在瑞士(宜家创始

释是消费者行为。只有当一个国家

月买的那张,还不如干脆买张新的

数试图根据不同国家的居民收入与

人、Ingvar Kamprad就在那里定

的家具消费水平接近食品时,价格

省钱。

我试了 103 个叫人上门的应用,总计花了 4980

以下是我每天用到的服务:

joy;小美到家;约见;泰笛绿

8月3日:挑战从早餐开始:快方

植;阿姨帮;77 元

送药;美团早餐;易家洁保洁;

8月18日:CEO 也可以送上门:花

爱大厨晚餐;384.5 元

椒直播;乐食派;天天果园;顺

8月4日:从早到晚电话没停过:e

丰快递;到位;136 元

海盗影院 尼古拉斯·玛格丽特 由点对点网络行为产生的一个电影拼贴

Realface Glamouflage Simone C. Niquille

Editor’s note: Yunlu performed a

步。所有与外界联系的需求,我

袋洗;饿了么午餐;闪送;上门

8月19日:带娃的一天:八公美

Realface Glamouflage confuses fa-

social experiment. She stayed home

都通过应用解决。而社交与工作

帮足疗;百度外卖晚餐;257.1元

宠;河狸家彩绘;58 到家;味库

are used on Facebook to recognize

for 18 days, surviving only on deliv-

协同,也通过网络和电话完成。

8月5日:等等等啊等啊等:上

净菜;小菜仙;567.5 元

门修手机:早餐佳;闪送;闪修

8月20日:离完美约会只差一个男

ery services. She made contact with

cial

recognition

algorithms,

which

and tag people in photos as well as in surveillance technology to identify people.

69 different companies, received 125

这个实验试图探寻一个问题:在

侠;到家美食会;即买送;330.4

友:本来便利;美到家;有衣;

phone calls and was visited by 95

互联网创业火热至此的今天,手

厨临门;1194.8 元

strangers. In total she spent 4980

机应用能在多大程度上改善我们

8月6日:交电费+生病怎么办:

yuan (about €730).

的生活质量。这是一个没有提前

淘宝代办;春雨医生;本来生

原文: ‘18 天不出门,我试了

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103 个叫人上门的应用,总计花了

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递;Keep ;315.9 元

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18 天不出门,我试了 103 个叫

忙跑腿去银行缴电费。也曾为一

8月7日:送花不是件容易事:大

2015 at http://www.qdaily.com/

人上门的应用,总计花了 4980 。

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真脸谜彩服 西蒙·C·尼奎勒 “真脸谜彩服”迷惑了面部识别算法, 脸书(Facebook)用此算法识别并标记

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不太一样,这 18 天过得异常充

8月8日:周末依然得提前规

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实。我家的客厅从来没有接待过

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这么多客人:

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个公共号;

北京T理发;楼下100;114.16 元

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8月10日:月入过万算什么:爱

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建康沙拉;助理来也快递;新

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这些服务总计花了 4980.27 元;

味食材包;京东到家;泰笛绿

键呼唤理发、宠物、大厨乃至健

使用过程中,我收到了 125 个服

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身教练上门服务的今天,在家的

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8月12日:狗狗上门也没问题:爱

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18 天之前,《好奇心日报》决定

我一共收到了 243 条;

宠物上门;156.7 元

用“18 天不出门”的形式,高强

有至少 95 位陌生人来到我家,

8月15日:在旅行沙龙拥有一个

度测试各大互联网公司力推的到

我和他们都或长或短地聊过天,

座位:河狸家;Enjoy;邻趣;-

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有一些就从此变成了联系人。

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随着幕布背景

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dren is the first symbol of trust and secrecy. Whether that is

当住宅进入网 络空间后,真 实的室内会有

趁着在家,一些平时没有时间见

8月16日:终于有人上门送钱:约

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见;楼下 100;回家吃饭;Vivi-

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8月17日:喝果汁的一天:En-

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Glut of women at Shanghai’s marriage market

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By Katie Hunt, CNN Liu Jianle smiles as he spots a potential suitor for his recently divorced niece among a sea of white personal ads pegged to a board. Pencil in hand, he jots down the man’s

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艾米·凡·德·哈克 半透明的层将年龄、世代、身份不同的身 出一幅模糊不清的影像,错综复杂,令人

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欢迎来到上海婚恋市场。每个周

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末,父母们和刘先生这样的叔叔 舅舅们都会来到上海人民广场这

der 33. “There’s a shortage of superior men,” she says by way of explanation.

一阳光斑驳的角落,为他们的孩 子寻找另一半。一些家长在手写 的广告里列出子女的条件:身 高、年龄、收入、教育程度和户

It’s a similar story at Fan Dongfang’s booth. He says he matches 20 to 30 people a year and brandishes a clutch of wedding invitations as if to prove it. He also has a glut of women on his books. “There are too many leftover women in Shanghai,” he says, using a popular term to describe an educated, single, urban women over the age of 27. “Their standards are too high.” While the numbers stack up in favor of Chinese ­women­ -- according to the China Statistics Bureau, there are now 34 million more men than women in China -- this doesn’t mean they will pair up easily. Chinese men tend to “marry down” both in terms of age and educational level, observers say. Plus, many of China’s unmarried men live in the countryside. Distance is no obstacle to the parents’ matchmaking ambitions, nor is their children’s consent. One mother displays a handwritten A4-sized poster in a clear plastic wallet seeking a match for her 36-year-old daughter, who works as an accountant in Toronto. The market has an “overseas corner” for parents who have children living abroad. “I can’t give you my name because my daughter doesn’t know I’m doing this and I don’t want her to find out,” she says.

口或户籍所在地,再把这些广告

Edited version of ‘Glut of women

带着笔记本来看看有什么适合的

cnn.com/2013/11/03/world/asia/ shanghai-marriage-market/

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The market has been around since 2004, says Li, who runs a professional matchmaking

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Why Boat Refugees Don’t Fly! I am professor Hans Rosling. This month, April 2015, more people than ever are drowning when traveling to Europe across the mediterranean sea. Some come to look for a job, but many are refugees from war and oppression. But why do they travel over land to Libya to get on to these dangerous boats? Is it because they can’t afford to fly with an airplane? Let’s look at the numbers: A single ticket from Ethiopia all the way directly to Stockholm costs €400. To fly from Lebanon to London is €400. And you can buy a ticket to fly from Egypt to Rome in I­taly­ for €320. And the price to get onto these boats is consistently by media, reported to be €1000 or more. So to get onto these crowded boats, cost 2-3 times as much as to fly in a convenient airplane. So what exactly is it that stops the refugees from flying to Europe to apply for asylum? They can reach the airports, they can afford to buy a ticket. But at the check-in counter, they are stopped by the airlines from getting on to the airplane. And this is due to this European Union directive from 2001 that tells member countries how to combat illegal immigration. What this directive says is that every airline and boatline that bring a person without the proper

documents for entry, have to pay all the costs of returning that person back to their country of origin. And this is what makes commercial airlines not to allow people to board if they don’t have all the documents.

搭船的难民 为什么不坐 飞机! 我是Hans Rosling教授。本月、

So in practice, what is happening is that no one can board without a visa! So it is this directive that is the reason for so many refugees drowning in the mediterranean sea.

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斯特凡尼娅·伍尔皮

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为他们付不起机票钱吗?

“全球无限制”是一个概念性的在线国际 平台,在其中人们可以在一段有限的时间 内出借和借用国籍。它是一个基于认同和 支持的系统,旨在更容易地整合生活在外

来看看数据吧:从埃塞俄比亚直

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飞斯德哥尔摩的机票钱是400欧 元。从黎巴嫩飞伦敦,400欧元。

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World Passport

那到底是什么让这些难民对飞到 欧洲申请避难望而却步?他们 明明可以到机场,也买得起机票 啊。但他们在办理登机柜台前被 拦了下来。这是因为欧盟2001年 的指令,要求成员国如何打击非 法移民。指令说,乘客如果没有

issued by the World Service Authority, a non-profit organization founded by

“死后”提议在一个人生物学死亡之后利

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Section 2, of the Universal Declaration

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化学的反应,从死者的有机物中生成电

right to leave any country, including

能。

his own, and to return to his country’. The World Passport represents the inalienable human right to travel

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费用。因此,商业航线不允许证

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件不齐全的旅客登机。 当然,指令也说过,基于日内瓦

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“世界通行证”是由世界公民政府

洲各国政府把确定谁是难民的任

(World Service Authority)颁发的,

责任。所以实际上,没有签证就 不能登机。因此,这条指令就是

它由加里·戴维斯(Garry

Davis)创办

于1954年,是一个非盈利组织,引用《世 界人权宣言(Universal Declaration of Human

Rights)》第13条,第2段:“每

个人都拥有离开包括他的祖国在内的任何

那么多难民淹死在地中海里的原

国家的权利,也有权回到他的祖国”。“

因。

世界通行证”提出了在地球上旅行是人类

Produced by Max Orward. Free

内容制作:Max Orward 免费信息

material from WWW.GAPMINDER.ORG.

来源于:www.grapminder.org

死后 奥格鲁瓦佐

The World Passport is a document

完整的证件,航空和航运公司就

务推给了登机柜台,这是在逃避

deceased organic matter.

不可剥夺的权利。 在这里提出你的申请 worldservice.org


14

寻找家园 SEEKING HOME

Two baby policy in China My parents spent their life savings to have me — a second child in China by Ning Hui Editor’s

Note:

Since

1978

the Chinese government has

two kids. I might be spared from my mother’s pain.

imposed a one-child policy to its population. Only recently a change of this policy is being introduced, allowing a second child from March 2016. Ning Hui has written this article before this change. We chose to

include

this

article

be-

cause the one-child policy has shaped the way families have been conceived by a gener­ ation of parents and children. The two-child policy changes such a conception only on a quantitative level, but the ethical

and

social

discourse

remains valid.

Sometime earlier this year, my mother, a native of Zhejiang province, was shocked to learn that China’s onechild policy was not the rule of law everywhere. “Are you saying not every country has a one-child policy?” she said.

Domestic

Hearing that made me sad. It was because of the onechild policy that my mother resorted to an illegal clinic where she had the IUD that the hospital inserted, immediately after the birth of my older brother in 1985, removed. It was because of this policy that she then hid with her relatives in another village during her next pregnancy—when she was carrying me. I am an unwelcome second child. The Chinese government would have preferred I had never been born. If my mom’s pregnancy was ever discovered, I would have been aborted. Now, after almost 34 years of enacting it and 24 years after my birth, China has reversed its one-child pol­ icy. As long as one parent is a single child, families can now welcome a second child. People like me, whose parents weren’t very obedient, will just have to marry another only child if we want

As I ponder the extent to which the government will guide my love life, I think about one huge effect of the policy: the plethora of male only-children that are my age. Being a woman is obviously an advantage since by 2020, there will be 24 million more men than women of marriageable age in China, as a result of the one-child policy and the skewed gender selection it created. The birth preference in Chinese tradition is for a boy to carry on the family name and the blood line. If a family can only have one child, parents try to make sure it’s a boy. Neighbors considered my parents’ decision to have a second child not worth the risk since they already had a boy. But for my parents, who grew up with five and six siblings each, they just couldn’t accept a kid growing up without the love of a brother or sister. Last week, I congratulated a close friend from Beijing, a mother of a six-month-old son, who will now be able to have a second child. Her response was less than enthusiastic: “It doesn’t matter. Even the policy doesn’t change, as long as you have enough money to buy through, you can always have second or third kid.” In other words, before the actual reversal, the policy only applied to people who couldn’t afford to bend the rules. Indeed, in recent years, it’s not rare for rich urban families to have had a second child. For decades, the onechild policy was more strictly enforced in urban areas. Research from Tsinghua University shows that in urban areas during the ’90s, the probability for women who were born between 1948-1970 to have second child was lowered by 30%, compared to women who were before 1948. There was almost no effect for women from rural areas. In rural areas, having more

than two children is also not uncommon. Like my mother, if the parents are not reported during pregnancy and safely delivered the baby, paying a fine is the final negotiation with the government. In 1989, my parents, both farmers, paid their entire savings, RMB 364, just under $100 at the time, for my birth. During the 1980s, the largest penalty for a second child was about RMB 2,000 or around $540. Now, the highest single fine for an extra kid is 1 million RMB ($164,134). Last year alone, the birth control bureau in 19 provinces collected RMB 16.9 billion ($2.7 million) in penalties for families having a second child. This team of 500,000 officials is unlikely to be dismissed anytime soon; as everywhere in China, countless parents are still fighting for the chance to have more than one child. Officials assure that there are not many couples who fit the requirement of the new policy — that is, at least one of the parents is an only child. According to the National Health and Family Planning Commission, there are about 15-20 million couples who are now free to have a second child, and only half of them expressed the willingness to raise two children. “There can be plans to divide time gap among births, give priorities to elderly couple and ensure the approval process for the applications of a second child,” says Wang Peian, deputy chief of the commission. Too often, a big number is used to interpret results— such as control of the population to secure China’s economic development. The commission alleges that a total of 400 million births were successfully prevented because of the policy. If this is true, that this plan has led to China’s growth, then before the my government further directs its plan for whom I marry and how many children I have, maybe first there should be a plan to fix marriages of the 24 million men who won’t be able to find wives, a plan to ease only children’s burden to care for elderly parents, a plan to soothe the pain of parents who lost their children, to make whole the families who were not as lucky as mine.

二孩政策在中国 父母用毕生积蓄换我:一个中国的二孩 撰文:宁卉 编者按:从1978年起,中国政府

家庭生第二胎屡见不鲜。近十

开始强行实行独生子女政策。直 到2016年三月才开放了第二胎生

年来,独生子女政策在城市执行

育。尽管这篇文章写在这一改变

得更为严格。清华大学的研究

之前,我们认为独生子女政策用

(pdf,中文链接)表明,90年代

一代父母和孩子塑造了一种设计

城市中生于1948-1970年的女性生

家庭的方式,二孩政策只是在量

育第二胎的几率比1948年前出生

的层面上改变了这一设计,但其

的女性低30%,而对农村女性则基

伦理和社会层面的讨论然有效。

本毫无影响。 在农村,多于两个孩子的情况也

今年早些时候,当我的母亲——

并非鲜见。就像我母亲一样,

一个浙江本地居民——得知中

如果能平安度过妊娠和分娩,

国的独生子女政策并非普世法规

交罚款也就算是跟政府相互让

时,大为震惊。“你是说,不是

步。1989年,我父母为了生我,

所有国家都有独生子女政策?”

付出了所有积蓄——364块钱。80

她问道。

年代是,生二胎最狠一次罚2000 元,而今天,多生一个就得多交

她的话让我难过。正是由于独生

一百万。去年一年,19个省的

子女政策,我母亲不得不在黑医

计生局共收到超生罚款一百六十

院摘掉1985年生下我哥哥以后立

九亿元(中文链接)。这支500

即被强行放置的宫内节育器。正

,000人的官员队伍想必不会很

是由于这项政策,她不得不在怀

快解散,因为全国各地的父母们

我的时候,和亲戚躲在另一个村

仍在为了多生一个孩子而斗争。

里。 官方保证,满足新政策要求—— 我是个不受欢迎的二孩。中国政

即夫妻之一是独生子女的夫妇数

府恨不得我从未出生。如果我母

量不会很多。根据国家计生委,

亲被人发现她怀了我,我一定会

现在有一千五百万到两千万夫妇

被打掉。

允许生育第二胎,而只有一半的 夫妇表示愿意生。“可以倡导合

如今,在实行34年——我出生24

理生育间隔、优先安排年龄较大

年之后,中国开始对其独生子女

的单独夫妇再生育、做好再生育

政策有所动摇。只要父母中一方

审批等,”计生委副主任王培安

是独生子女,就可以生育第二个

说。

孩子。而像我这样父母不听国家 话的人,想要两个孩子就只能找

用一个大数字来说明成果是惯用

个独生子女他本人。我可以不受

手法——例如控制人口以确保经

我母亲受过的罪。

济发展。根据计生委,由于计划 生育政策的实施,成功阻止了共

在我仔细琢磨政府对我爱情生活

四亿人口的出生。如果这一计划

的指导方针能管多宽时,我想到

确实导致了中国的发展,那在政

这一政策带来的一个巨大效应:

府对我该嫁谁,该生几个做出进

和我年纪相当的男性独生子女过

一步指示之前,是不是能先计划

剩。从2020年开始,女人显然会

一下,那两千四百万找不着老婆

显现出优势,届时处于适婚年龄

的男人该怎么结婚,是不是也计

的男子将比同龄女子多出两千四

划一下,怎么才能减轻独生子女

百万,这全都得拜独生子女政策

赡养老人的负担,是不是再计划

和它造成的重男轻女情结所赐。

一下,怎么安慰失去独生子女的

中国传统认为男孩才能传宗接

父母们,怎么修复那些不如我的

代,所以要是一家只能生一个,

家庭一样走运的家庭?

父母一定会确保生的是男孩。我 父母的邻居认为他们冒险再生一 个很不值得,因为头一个孩子已 经是男孩了。但我父母每人都有 五六个兄弟姐妹,他们无法接受 让一个孩子在没有兄弟或姐妹关 爱的家庭里孤零零地长大。 上周,我给北京的一位好朋友发 去了祝贺,她的儿子已经6个月大

原文: ‘My parents spent their

了,现在又可以再生一个。但她

life savings to have me — a

的反应很难说有多兴奋:“无所

second child in China’ by by

谓吧,就算政策不变,只要钱够

Ning Hui. Accessed November 8,

多能疏通,随时生俩生仨”,换

2015 at http://qz.com/150836/

句话说,这项政策一向只对付不

my-parents-spent-their-life-

起违犯罚款的人管用。

savings-to-have-me-a-secondchild-in-china/

确实如此。近年来,富裕的城市


15

家庭事务 介入

公共

隐私

Affairs

信任

不信任 退避

住宅是一个悖论之家 我们生活在一个超加速的社会时

住宅是一个悖论之家。它同时承载着两种欲望:想在公共领域中分享个

代。这体现在日常生活中,体现

人事务,又想在公共中寻求隐私。我们一边安装防盗wifi

在我们的工作和生活方式中。技

却又把房间出租给陌生人。

设备,一边

术条件和作为人类(生活)条件 的技术越来越多地决定了住宅空

在我们力图平衡隐私和公开、信任和不信任、参与和退避的挣扎中,房

间的面貌和作用,打开了一个拥

屋渐渐成为我们社会关系的过滤器,呈现着我们面对当地和各地邻人、

有无限可能性的领域。

政治和经济体制的态度。房屋不仅仅是一砖一瓦、财产或一堆设备、技 术的集合体,而是一种心理状态。

同时,我们似乎被一个无法安宁 的梦、某种奥威尔式的心境所捕

阿加塔·贾沃斯卡

获。我们被困在一系列无止境的

乔万尼·伊奈拉

内部装潢当中。恐惧仿佛是一种

Bureau Europa

项目由Bureau

Europa(萨斯基

“家庭事务”展在2015深港城

馈赠,破碎地在冗余宏大的叙事

Bureau

Europa是一家展示和网

亚·凡·斯坦)创作,Institute

市\建筑双城双年展(深圳)上展

中漂流,同时又成为一种超介导

络机构,致力于从社会视角呈现

of Relevant Studies(阿加塔·

出 , 本 届 双 年 展 由 艾 伦• 贝 斯 奇

的“全面体验”将我们引诱到对

建筑和设计领域的展览及其他活

贾沃斯卡,乔万尼·伊奈拉)

担任主策展人,主题为“城市原

现实的逃避中。

动,主要关注欧洲及欧洲地区的

策划,Design Displacement

点”。

社会议题。

Group 担当识别设计。

在“家庭事务”展中,我们试图

地点:

bureau-europa.nl

通过探究家居内部去理解这一系

中国深圳蛇口港湾大道与松湖路

参展艺术家:

列状况的悖论及其社会、经济和

Institute of Relevant Studies

Aterlier

政治影响。入选的设计师们给他

IoRS(阿加塔·贾沃斯卡,乔万

Laura Cornet, Heather Dewey-

们的作品赋予了超越商业范畴的

尼·伊奈拉)是一个策展、研究

Hagborg, Studio Droog, DUS

意义。他们的实践应理解为文化

和设计工作室,依靠其坚持不懈

architects, Imme van der Haak,

双年展从周二至周日开放

改变的印记:本地材料和文化叙

的试验精神,致力于开发作为设

Claire Hallewas, Ina Hollmann,

周二至周四 上午11:00—下午6:00

事的集合,一种为社区赋权的概

计表达形式的商业和文化模式。

Jesse

周五至周日 上午11:00—晚上8:00

念语境,借助集体思维、循环经

agatajaworska.com

Joolen, Chris Kabel, Noortje

济,基于开源工具的协作计划,

giovanniinnella.com

de

或着参数建立的力量。“家庭事

NL,

Auger-Loizeau,

Howard,

Keijzer,

Nicolas

Elisa

Heleen

van

Klopper,

Maigret,

Christien

务”通过展示房屋、商品和服务

Design Displacement Group

Meindertsma

方面的作品,来呈现这些变化本

DDG由来自不同领域、不同资

Metahaven,

身,以及它们延伸出来的问题。

历、不同文化背景和国籍的15名

Alec

设计师及一名社会学家组成,他

Niquille,

萨斯基亚·凡·斯坦

们的项目多为自发性质,在合作

Pinar&Viola,

Bureau Europa监督

不同项目时各人角色时常变换,

Helmut Smits, Studio Swine,

Bureau

因此该团体的设计方法学是一种

TD, Stefania Vulpi

Europa是位于荷兰马斯特

里赫特的机构,为设计环境提供

集体式的、后签名式的。

平台。

designdisplacementgroup.com

for Simone

Ruben Jan

展览时间:2015.12.4 - 2016.2.28

2016年2月7日—13日春节假期期 间暂时闭展

t.e.,

MisoSoupDesign,

Momont,

交叉口原大成面粉厂及8号仓库

C.

Pater, Rothuizen,

更多信息请查阅: bureau-europa.nl

Institute of Relevant Studies


2015 Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism and Architecture

住宅是一个悖论之家

Dasz newspaper print issuu  

Newspaper Domestic Affairs for the Bi-city Biennial of Urbanism and Architecture, Shenzhen.

Dasz newspaper print issuu  

Newspaper Domestic Affairs for the Bi-city Biennial of Urbanism and Architecture, Shenzhen.

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