Vol. 30, No. 9
May 3, 2013
Museum Volunteers Recognized at Fort Detrick Volunteer Appreciation Ceremony MELISSA BRACHFELD
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE
“I was amazed and honored that their service hours and hard work were recognized for 2012,” she said. “They are a great group!” Nelmes said Sacks “more than deserved” her Fort Detrick Volunteer of the Year Award, adding that she has a passion and talent for educating visitors about health and the history of military medicine. She has spent more than 625 hours volunteering for the Museum since 2009. “I was very excited to ﬁnd out that Andi won the Fort Detrick Volunteer of the Year Award,” Nelmes said. “Andi is such an integral part of our volunteer group. She is dependable, passionate and supportive- she really goes above and beyond as a volunteer.” Sacks said she felt “overwhelmed and very surprised” when she won the award. “It’s really such an honor to be recognized in that way,” she said. “I love volunteering at the museum- it’s one of my favorite places in the world.” Nelmes said Rander was named NMHM Volunteer of the Year because of her dedi-
NMHM staff and docents pose with Fort Detrick leadership at the annual Fort Detrick Volunteer Appreciation Ceremony on April 18, 2013. The theme of the event was “ Volunteer Round-up.” Left to right: U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and Fort Detrick commander, Brig. Gen. (P) Joseph Caravalho Jr.; USAMRMC Command Sgt. Maj. Kevin B. Stuart; Andrea Rander; Gabriella Cantoni; NMHM tour and volunteer coordinator Gwen Nelmes; Regina Hunt; Carolyn Whittenburg; Delores Christie; Lisa Weed; Command Sgt. Maj. Cassandra D. Redd; Andi Sacks and Col. Allan J. Darden Sr. Photos courtesy of NMHM
The National Museum of Health and Medicine and its volunteer were recently recognized for their hard work and dedication to serving the public at the annual Fort Detrick Volunteer Appreciation Ceremony on April 18, 2013. NMHM was awarded the Presidential Service Award for Most Volunteer Group Hours with approximately 1,450 hours. Many of the Museum’s 16 volunteers won the Presidential Service Bronze Award for serving 100 to 249 hours in 2012, while Andi Sacks was awarded the Silver Award for contributing more than 250 hours. Andrea Rander, a volunteer for about ﬁve years, received the Volunteer of the Year Award for the Museum. Sacks, who has also volunteered at NMHM for about ﬁve years, received the Fort Detrick Volunteer of the Year Award. Gwen Nelmes, NMHM tour and volunteer coordinator, said she is proud of all of NMHM’s volunteers.
NMHM docent Andrea Rander stands with Fort Detrick leadership after winning the National Museum of Health and Medicine Volunteer of the Year Award. Left to right: Caravalho, Stuart, Rander, Darden, and Redd.
NMHM docent Andi Sacks poses with Fort Detrick leadership while holding her Fort Detrick Volunteer of the Year Award. Left to right: Caravalho, Stuart, Sacks, Darden, and Redd.
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See CEREMONY, continued on page 6
FITBIR Database Moves TBI Research Forward, p. 3
Fort Detrick Hosts Holocaust Commemoration, p. 4
USAMMDA welcomes new commander, p. 8
Mother’s Day: Look Beyond the Ads and Remember the Purpose NICK MINECCI
USAG PUBLIC AFFAIRS
May 12 is Mother’s Day, something you cannot have missed if you turn on the TV or listen to the radio. There are ads for everything that is the “perfect Mother’s Day gift” on every channel, ad nauseam. It seems in our society that a little egg-looking device that scrapes the skin off feet is now the “perfect” way to tell mom you love her. What a change this is from how Mother’s Day began. Following the Civil War, Ann Jarvis formed a committee to establish a “Mother’s Friendship Day” in 1868. Her purpose was “to reunite families that had been divided during the Civil War.” Although Jarvis hoped to expand the day to honor all mothers, she died in 1905 before seeing her vision become reality. Her daughter, Anna Jarvis, would pick up where her mother left off, working toward an annual celebration of motherhood. On May 10, 1908, the ﬁrst ofﬁcial service paying tribute to mothers was held in the Andrew’s Methodist Episcopal Church in Grafton, W.Va., where Anna’s mother had been teaching Sunday school. As Anna Jarvis continued her efforts to have the holiday ofﬁcially recognized, West Virginia ofﬁcially recognized it in 1910, with the rest of states following quickly. On May 8, 1914, the U.S. Congress passed a law designating the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day. The following day, President Woodrow Wilson issued a
proclamation declaring the ﬁrst national Mother’s Day as a day for American citizens to show the ﬂag in honor of those mothers whose sons had died in war. In May 2008, the U.S. House of Representatives voted twice on a resolution commemorating Mother’s Day, and Grafton’s church, where the ﬁrst celebration was held, is now the International Mother’s Day Shrine and a National Historic Landmark. During the ﬁrst celebration in 1908, Anna Jarvis had 500 carnations delivered to the Grafton church to honor her mother, as this was her mother’s favorite ﬂower. Later, due to a shortage of white carnations, ﬂorists began selling red carnations for wearing if a person’s mother was still alive, while white ﬂowers symbolized a deceased mother.
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The advertising we see today to get mom that “perfect gift” is nothing new; in fact it started less than a decade after the ﬁrst Mother’s Day. The commercialization of what is meant to be a day spent honoring your mother upset Anna Jarvis, and she would spend the remainder of her life, as well as her inheritance, ﬁghting what she saw as an abuse of the celebration. Voicing her protest against the greeting card industry that rose around Mother’s Day, Anna Jarvis said it was a poor way of paying tribute to mothers, as she believed people had become too lazy to even write a personal letter of thanks and love to their mothers. In 1948, Anna Jarvis was arrested for disturbing the peace while protesting against the commercialization of Mother’s Day, saying she, “wished she would have never started the day because it became so out of control.” She would die later that year. Today, Mother’s Day is one of the most commercially important days of the year, and it is Mother’s Day, not Valentine’s Day, that is the most popular day for people in the U.S. to dine out. Ann and Anna Jarvis had a dream of a day where children paid tribute to their mothers, and that dream, even if Anna would be disgusted at the overly commercial tone the day has taken on, lives on today. So remember to take the time May 12 to honor your mother, and think of the gifts and lessons she has brought you through the years. To all mothers everywhere, Happy Mother’s Day.
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ment of DoD. Everything advertised in this publication shall be made available for purchase, use or patronage without Brig. Gen. (P) Joseph Caravalho, Jr. regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, Commanding general, U.S. Army Medical Remarital status, physical handicap, political affiliation, or any search and Materiel Command other nonmerit characteristic of the purchaser, user or patron. and Fort Detrick Editorial content is prepared and edited by the Fort Detrick Public Affairs Office, 810 Schreider Street, Fort Detrick, Md. Col. Allan J. Darden, Sr. 21702-5000. Editorial Offices are in Bldg. 810, Suite 004, U.S. Army Garrison commander telephone 301-619-2018; e-mail: usarmy.detrick.usag.mbx. email@example.com.
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Careers in Science Seminar Series Explores Diverse Science Jobs BY THE PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND COMMUNITY RELATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE NATIONAL INTERAGENCY CONFEDERATION FOR BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH
On Thursday, April 11, the second installment in the 2013 Careers in Science Seminar Series drew the largest audience to date. Sponsored by the National Interagency Confederation for Biological Research, the Careers in Science Seminar was open to all Fort Detrick agency and National Cancer Institute staff who are interested in professional development. Speakers described the many careers available within science, including both the “bench scientists” more traditionally associated with laboratory work, as well as support staff. In this most recent event, Dr. Reed Johnson spoke about his role as Staff Scientist for the Emerging Viral Pathogens Section within the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. NIAID is part of the National Institutes of Health and has an Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick. Under Chief Scientist Dr. Peter Jahrling, the NIAID-IRF manages, coordinates, and facilitates emerging infectious disease and biodefense research on vaccines, countermeasures, and animal models that could lead to improved patient outcomes in human medical care. Johnson says that the Careers
in Science Seminar was “an opportunity to reach out to our neighbors and let them know who we are and what we can do” and will hopefully contribute to “increased collaboration between the agencies at Fort Detrick.” Johnson’s path to the NIAIDIRF began with a bachelor’s degree in biology from Kansas State University. He went on to complete his Ph.D. at Texas A&M University, studying mouse hepatitis virus. This was followed by post-doctoral research on Ebola virus at the University of Pennsylvania. Johnson then joined EVPS as an Intramural Research Training Award Post-Doctoral Fellow. Following his next appointment at EVPS as a Research Fellow, he became a Staff Scientist. As a Staff Scientist, Johnson provides technical expertise in experimental design and statistical analysis. He also conducts and publishes biodefense and infectious diseases research. Johnson’s presentation explored research on topics ranging from the imaging of monkeypox infections to the development of vaccines to protect against rabies and Ebola viruses. Following his presentation, he took questions from the audience. Johnson observes, “I always appreciate feedback on our research; often it makes one re-evaluate data and strengthens research.” The Careers in Science Seminar Series is held quarterly and there is no cost to attend. The next semi-
nar is scheduled for Tuesday, July 18, when Dr. Joseph Kozlovac, a Biological Safety Specialist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, will share his unexpected journey into the biosafety profession. On Tuesday, October 17, Rebecca Lloyd, Navy Medical Research Command Biosurety Officer, will speak about work in regulatory compliance. Talks are held at noon in the Building 549 Auditorium on the NCI Campus at Frederick. All staff from Fort Detrick agencies and NCI are welcome to attend this exploration of the varied career paths available within NICBR member agencies. The mission of the NICBR is to develop unique knowledge, tools, and products by leveraging advanced technologies and innovative discoveries to secure and defend the health of the American people. In addition to NIAID, USDA-ARS, and NMRC, the NICBR partners include the NCI, U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Department of Homeland Security, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Staff from NICBR partner agencies are invited to speak about their scientiﬁc position and career pathtraditional or otherwise-at a future Careers in Science seminar. For more information, please contact Alice Jones, Chair of the NICBR Educational Outreach Working Group, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
USAMRMC’s Work Contributes to Army Earning ‘Top Innovator’ Title ELLEN CROWN
USAMRMC DEPUTY PAO
The U.S. Army was recognized as one of the Top 100 Global Innovators on Thomson Reuters’ second annual innovators list. In their report, Reuters highlighted USAMRMC and the Army’s work to develop technology in diverse areas ranging from computing and software, weaponry and general military technology including communications and imaging to diagnosis and treatment of diseases such as malaria and Ebola virus. “This recognition is shared with the members of our Army Science and Technology community who perform research relevant for the Army and our important mission, and provide the innovation that contributes to a strong national security posture,” said Heidi Shyu, the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology, who accepted the award on behalf of the service during a small ceremony at the Pentagon April 30. “Nearly 12,000 scientists and engineers perform their
work daily knowing that it will benefit our Soldiers by providing them with the best technology available to successfully accomplish their mission.” The Army and the Navy are the ﬁrst government agencies to make the Thomson Reuters annual list. Only organizations having at least 100 or more “innovative” patents in the past three years may be recognized by the award. According to Reuters, an “innovative” patent is deﬁned as the ﬁrst publication in a patent document of a new technology, drug, business process, etc. These are called basic patents. The U.S. Army met this requirement with more than a 100 basic patents published from 2009-2011 that were protected with granted patents. “Army Science and Technology cannot survive without innovative scientists and engineers,” said Mary J. Miller, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research and Technology. “We are lucky to have an amazing group of scientists and engineers to invent, innovate, mature and demonstrate technology that provides increased capability to the war ﬁghter.”
FITBIR Database Moves TBI Research Forward
USAMRMC PUBLIC AFFAIRS
Traumatic brain injury, a problem that has existed presumably as long as human beings have walked the Earth and bumped their heads, is known in the world of today as “the silent epidemic.” Each year, traumatic brain injuries contribute to a substantial number of not only permanent disabilities but also deaths, with recent data approximating a roundabout 1.7 million annual cases. TBI is a contributing factor to about one-third, or 30.5 percent, of all injury-related deaths in the U.S., and in fact, traumatic injury, such as that produced by household, industrial and automobile accidents, is by far the leading cause of death from ages 1 to 44. A serious public health problem in the U.S., TBI remains a surprisingly mysterious occurrence, with researchers and scientists only beginning to unravel the secrets of the human brain. Due to the highly inconsistent reported cases of TBI, involving a variety of causes, treatment and development of objective diagnostics have proven especially challenging amidst the medical community. Evidence continues to point to a link between head trauma and
long-term, degenerative brain disease, with researchers becoming more desperate than ever before to understand this puzzling injury. There are still so many questions to answer, which is where the Federal Interagency Traumatic Brain Injury Research database comes in. The FITBIR database is a collaborative effort by participating National Institutes of Health institutes and centers, and the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command to develop a biomedical information system and data repository for TBI research. FITBIR, designed to speed up comparative effectiveness research on brain injury treatment and diagnosis, has already received funding at $10 million for over four years. If all goes according to plan, this database will serve as a central storage area for not only new data input, but also with the capability to link current databases to one another, allowing the valid comparison of results across multiple studies. “FITBIR represents a whole new way of doing research,” said Dr. Douglas Gibson, deputy neurotrauma research coordinator for the Combat Casualty Care Research Program and one of three members of the FITBIR Informatics System Executive Committee. “Increasing sophistication in
the fields of databases and informatics has produced technologies that make data sharing feasible.””In the old days, scientists worked alone (the Mad Scientist in the basement model), but more and more, science has become a collaborative enterprise,” Gibson continued. The Defense Health Program, through agreement with the USAMRMC, is the lead Department of Defense component funding the FITBIR database.Battlefield trauma is the overall focus of USAMRMC’s Combat Casualty Care Research Program. Col. Dallas Hack, director of the CCCRP, coordinates and leads cutting edge research focused on new techniques and new products designed to save lives and reduce mortality of troops wounded in the line of duty. Considered one of the invisible wounds of war, TBI is one of the signature injuries of troops in Afghanistan and Iraq. “Only by combining efforts through initiatives such as the FITBIR database can we hope to make major progress in this ﬁeld,” said Hack. Not just a problem for the military, TBI has become an increasingly recognized problem in the sports arena as well. Contact sports like football can come with a wide array of injuries, so it
is not surprising that participating organizations in this collaboration include the American College of Sports Medicine, the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and the National Football League. “While athletes are especially prone to head injury, everyone is vulnerable through falls and accidents,” said Gibson, “and the aftereffects of a blow to the head can be subtle to detect, but devastating to the individual affected and to the individual’s friends and family.” The NFL donated $30 million in support of research on serious medical conditions prominent in athletes and relevant to the general population, making it the largest philanthropic gift the NFL has given in the league’s 92-year history. In light of this generous contribution, the NFL is now recognized as the founding donor to a new Sports and Health Research Program; a collaboration with institutes and centers at the NIH. “Public awareness of the after-
Sustaining a community of excellence through restoration, environmental stewardship and workforce development
effects of head injury has lead to recognition that TBI is not only a major medical problem, but one that affects real people in a real way,” said Gibson.”The hope for FITBIR is that it will facilitate development of solutions to the problems of TBI prevention, diagnosis and treatment. We would like to see FITBIR promote collaboration and data sharing that will lead to effective solutions,” he said. FITBIR is a free, web-based resource for TBI researchers. For researchers just starting out, it provides a set of ready-to-use tools such as case report forms and a library of common data elements that simplify development of research proposals and protocols that meet the needs of funding agencies. For more information on FITBIR, go to fitbir.nih.govexternal link, and for information on common data elements, visit commondataelements.ninds.nih.gov Fort Detrick Standard May 3, 2013
‘Big Bad Wolf’ Gets Day in Court on Law Day BY ELLEN CROWN
USAMRMC DEPUTY PAO
When it comes to trouble with the law, the Big Bad Wolf is no stranger. Little Red Riding Hood took out a restraining order on him last year, after her grandmother went missing. Then there was a Shepherd-boy who called “911” to report several disturbances, though police cited a suspicious lack of evidence. Most recently, Wolf’s escapades once again put him standing before a judge in the Fort Detrick courts on May 1. This time, however, it was Wolf who was doing the complaining. Allegedly, Curley the Pig had attempted to teach Wolf a lesson for an incident that left both of Pig’s brothers homeless. Or so the story goes. The trial, Big Bad Wolf v. Curley the Pig, was the grand finale of Law Day, an event designed to celebrate the protections provided by our legal system and the rule of law. The mock trial, which took place at Fort Detrick’s Child Youth Services Center, was intended to teach kids about how the courts work and reinforce legal concepts – in a fun way. “Law Day has special meaning to me as a lawyer and also as a Soldier,” said Capt. Brent Habley, an attorney and ethics advisor for the U.S. Army Medical Research
Dozens of children gathered at the post’s Child Youth Services center to put on a mock trial for Law Day, May 1. Capt. Rachel Robinson, from Fort Detrick’s JAG ofﬁce, offers the young lawyers some tips. and Materiel Command who helped organize the day’s events. “As a lawyer in the Judge Advocate General’s corps, I am able to play a part in the justice system in the United States, and as a Soldier I have had the opportunity to help those in foreign countries establish their own rule of law.” Earlier in the day, USAMRMC and Fort Detrick Commander Brig. Gen. (P) Joseph Caravalho Jr. signed an official proclamation, kicking off the day for the post’s Army team. Law Day has existed since 1958, when President Dwight D. Eisenhower declared that May 1
would be “Law Day” in order to honor America’s dedication to a government ruled by law. The American Bar Association spearheads efforts to promote Law Day events nationwide. This year their campaign focused on the anniversary of several historical events regarding this year’s theme, “Realizing the Dream: Equality for All,” including the 150th anniversary of President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and the 50th anniversary of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech at the Lincoln Memorial.
USAMRMC commander Brig. Gen. (P) Joseph Caravalho Jr. signs the ofﬁcial Law Day proclamation, kicking off the event on May 1. The Fort Detrick Legal Ofﬁce’s Capt. Brent Habley and Col. Robert Cotell are also pictured. Photos by Ellen Crown, USAMRMC PAO
“Never Again!” Fort Detrick Hosts Days of Remembrance Holocaust Commemoration NICK MINECCI
USAG PUBLIC AFFAIRS OFFICE
Approximately 100 members of the Fort Detrick community gathered in the Community Activities Center April 17 to reﬂect during Holocaust Remembrance Day with a program titled “Never Again! Heeding the Warning Signs.” Guest speaker for the event was Sol Goldstein, who served in World War II and spoke about his experiences in the war as a concentration camp liberator. Goldstein, a native of Baltimore, Md., was in the U.S. Army in 1942 and served in the European theater. He helped liberate the Buchenwald concentration camp, one of the largest established by the Nazis. Most of the early inmates at Buchenwald were political prisoners, but in 1938, almost 10,000 Jews were sent there. On April 11, 1945, American forces entered Buchenwald. Soldiers from the 3rd U.S. Army division found more than 20,000 people in the camp, 4,000 of them Jews. Congress established the Days of Remembrance as the nation’s annual commemoration of the Holocaust and created the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum as a permanent living memorial to the victims. Holocaust remembrance week is April 7–14, 2013.
Fort Detrick Standard May 3, 2013
Brig. Gen. (P) Joseph Caravalho Jr. (left), USAMRMC and Fort Detrick commanding general, and Command Sgt. Major Kevin Stuart (right), USAMRMC Command Sgt. Major, present Sol Goldstein with a token of the Fort Detrick community’s appreciation for speaking at the Fort Detrick Holocaust Remembrance Day commemoration April 17. Photos by Siegfried Bruner, USAG VI. Sustaining a community of excellence through restoration, environmental stewardship and workforce development
Sol Goldstein, who served in World War II, discusses his experiences in the war as a concentration camp liberator during the Holocaust Remembrance Day commemoration April 17.
NMLC CPOs Share 120th Birthday with Command Personnel BY JULIUS L. EVANS
NAVAL MEDICAL LOGISTICS COMMAND PUBLIC AFFAIRS
Naval Medical Logistics Command’s newest chief petty officer explained the background of the CPO rating to command personnel in a ceremony recognizing the 120th CPO Birthday, April 1. Chief Hospital Corpsman Ezra Johnson said he was nominated to head the ceremony because he is the most recent chief promoted. “I was chosen to spearhead this year’s CPO birthday celebration because this is my ﬁrst year as a chief petty ofﬁcer,” he said. “I need that experience to develop as a Chief.” The CPO rate dates back to 1893 when it was ofﬁcially established, and it encompasses the rates of Chief Master-at-Arms, Chief Boatswains mate, Chief Quartermaster, Chief Gunners mate, Chief Machinist, Chief Carpenters mate and Chief Yeoman. Since then, chiefs have been charged with the duties and responsibilities of ensuring Sailors are trained and ready to carry out the Navy’s missions when called upon. Today, all 56 Navy ratings have CPOs. During the ceremony, all former and retired CPOs were recognized when they were
Chief Hospital Corpsman Ezra L. Johnson and Command Master Chief Hospital Corpsman David L. Hall prepare to cut into the ceremonial cake during the 120th Chief Birthday Celebration at Naval Medical Logistics Command, Fort Detrick, Md. See BIRTHDAY, continued on page 10
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Be Aware of Mail Deliveries and Hotel Scam RICHARD H. KING
There were two envelopes delivered to an off-site mail facility in Washington D.C. addressed to U.S. political leaders that tested positive for the deadly poison ricin, April 16. Many times these are not singular incidents and often occur in multiples, so please ensure our mail handlers remain vigilant and use proper procedures if suspicious email is encountered.Although USPS mail is delivered to the mail room on post, many of you have mail rooms or reception areas that receive FEDEX and UPS deliveries. It is suggested that you as the ATO or the facility manager, go the clinic and ask for rubber gloves and masks that cover your mouth and nose, that can be used if you receive something that could be contaminated. It is also a good idea to have an air tight container in which you can place anything that looks suspicious, until it can be determined that it is not.If you receive something, call (301) 619-7114 and report it. Also, there is a new scam that is occurring when people check into hotels. This is something people must be aware of, especially over the summer, the Memorial Day weekend, or on TDY and staying off post. If the below happens to you, where it seems the front desk calls you asking for your credit card information, never provide it over the phone. Tell the person calling you, that you will personally go to the desk and clear up the situation.
NEWLY RENOVATED APARTMENT
Hotel/Motel Scam You arrive at your hotel and check in at the front desk. When checking in, you give the front desk your credit card (for all the charges for your room). You get to your room and settle in. Someone calls the front desk and asks (for example) Room 620 - which happens to be your room. The phone rings in your room. You answer and the person on the other end says the following: “This is the front desk. When checking in, we came across a problem with your charge card information. Please re-read your credit card number and verify the last 3 digits on the reverse side of your charge card.” Not thinking anything, you might give this person this information, since the call seems to come from the front desk. But actually, it is a scam of someone calling from outside the hotel/front desk.They ask for a random room number. Then, ask you for credit card information and address information. They sound so professional, that you give it to them, thinking you are talking to the front desk.If you ever encounter this problem on your vacation, tell the caller that you will be down at the front desk to clear up any problems. Go to the front desk and ask if there was a problem. If there was none, inform the hotel manager that someone called to scam you of your credit card information, acting like a front desk employee.
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Fort Detrick Standard May 3, 2013
Air Beam Shelter Near Reality
MERRIE E. AIKEN
SENIOR TECHNICAL WRITER, USAMMDA, MSS PMO
Can the time it currently takes to deploy a Combat Support Hospital during combat conditions be done twice as fast and with fewer personnel? This is close to becoming a reality. The Force Provider Expeditionary-Medical Systems air beam shelters were assessed as usable and functional in the medical operational environment, after the U.S. Army Medical Department Test Board evaluated the shelters in April 2012 at Fort Benning, Ga. Soldiers who participated preferred the air beam shelters because they were easily set up with only a few people, were easy to keep clean, and offered good ventilation and ceiling height. As quoted in Vince Little’s article published in the April 2013 edition of The Bayonet, Maj. Jeffery Hogue, executive officer of the 14th Combat Support Hospital, said, “The new system we’re using here goes up a lot faster. It takes a lot less people, and it is essentially a little safer as well.” Under a Congressional Special Interest project, the U.S. Army Medical Materiel Development Activity’s Medical Support Systems Project Management Ofﬁce developed the air beam shelters, which were adopted by the Product Manager Force Sustainment Systems as a replacement for the 25-year-old tent, extendable, modular, personnel, or TEMPER, soft-walled shelters in the current Deployable Medical Systems family of medical shelters. The AMEDD Test Board coordinated the Fort Benning event with MSS PMO and the 14th CSH to evaluate how the new shelter supports the medical mission. MSS PMO coordinated with U.S. Army Natick Soldier Research, Development, and Engineering Center; Directorate of Combat and Doctrine Development; U.S. Army Medical Materiel Agency; PdM Force Sustainment Systems; Project Manager, Mobile Electric Power; and Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center to ensure all the assets and training were in place for a successful customer assessment. CERDEC’s Army Power Division conducted a real-time power assessment for the 84-bed CSH. The 14th CSH provided the 84bed hospital company and support CEREMONY, continued from page 1
cation to the Museum, which includes using her knowledge and skills to excite visitors about medical and scientiﬁc research. Rander is also a Red Cross volunteer at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Md. “I am so proud of Andrea,” Nelmes said. “She has been extremely supportive and enthusiastic of the Museum’s efforts. She is so welcoming to new volunteers, and she really inspires all of us to learn more about military medicine.” Rander said she was honored to
Fort Detrick Standard May 3, 2013
Soldiers set up FPE-MS shelters in less time and with fewer personnel. Photos courtesy of USAMMDA
Inside an FPE-MS shelter, showing the COLPRO liner. to assist the AMEDD Test Board in determining the suitability of the air-beam shelter as a hospital under ﬁeld conditions. The assessment included pack out, set up of 33 shelters, establishment in sequence, collective protection, or COLPRO, assessment of three wards with one bump-through door airlock, and simulated medical, surgical, nursing, and ancillary services. NSRDEC trained Soldiers on setting up and using the shelters and the chemically protected DEPMEDS, as well as air beam and integration training. “It’s been pretty realistic,” Hogue said in the Bayonet article. “The training itself is beneﬁcial since the AMEDD team gets to see a unit work in a chemical-protected hospital. The new tent is easier and goes up faster. Less people are required to put it up. …What results is you have quicker medicine on the battleﬁeld.” The goal of the CP DEPMEDS is to provide COLPRO from chemical and biological agents while medical and surgical functions contin-
ue. The FPE-MS shelter uses a COLPRO removable thermal liner. Also, environmental control units maintain airﬂow and temperature for 72 hours and are hardened to resist chemical and biological agents. FPE-MS uses four high-pressure (40 psi), air-ﬁlled arches to support the shelters, drastically reducing the weight of the structure and shortening set-up time with fewer personnel. The basic shelter module’s interior measurements are 32 feet long by 20 feet wide by 10 feet high, and has 640 square feet of clear-span ﬂoor area. The shelter weighs 600 pounds and is 106 cubic feet, packed in a lightweight cargo net. Models are available in several conﬁgurations, depending on the mission. Three adjoining 64-foot FPE-MS air beam shelters, each comprised of two shelter modules, were conﬁgured during the assessment as an emergency medical triage area, central materiel supply and intensive care unit, which were connected using vestibules.
Air-beam arches support the shelter. The 64-foot air beam shelter weighs 1,200 pounds. The customer assessment showed that eight Soldiers set up the 64-foot air beam shelter and installed the liner in less than two hours. In contrast, the similar size TEMPER shelters weigh 3,977 pounds and require 10-12 Soldiers to set them up in approximately 6 hours. According to Jaime Lee, MSS PMO product manager, some modiﬁcations are being made as a result of the assessment. The manufacturer replaced 50 shelter skins due to a defect in the material provided by a sub-vendor. Windows were added to increase ventilation and lighting, and alternative ﬂooring will be considered. The shelter skins were tested again in March 2013 in cooperation with NSRDEC and the manufacturer to verify the skins
receive the Volunteer of the Year award for the Museum. “It was a total shock, but a nice surprise,” she said. “I really enjoy volunteering for the Museum. For me, it’s the amazing history that the Museum retains and how we, as volunteers without any formal training, are able to share that with visitors.” If you have an interest in history or medicine and are interested in becoming a volunteer at NMHM, contact Gwen Nelmes at 301-319-3312 or email email@example.com. The next series of trainings for volunteers will begin in June 2013. Sustaining a community of excellence through restoration, environmental stewardship and workforce development
that were replaced with original speciﬁed materials and windows addressed the issues found by the AMEDD Test Board . If senior leadership decides the air beam shelters are functional and affordable, they will be re-tested by the AMEDD Test Board in ﬁscal year 2014 or 2015, with plans to ﬁeld in ﬁscal year 2016. On the last day of the test event, senior leadership from U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command visited the site. The system was well received, and support for the program continues. The shelters were tested previously in 2010 at Camp Bullis near Fort Sam Houston, Texas, and are deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom as Rest and Relaxation base camps. The shelters were also tested during Operation Iraqi Freedom operations.
Army Showcases Technology, Highlights Funding During Capitol Hill Army Day BY LISA FERDINANDO ARNEWS
The Army showcased its latest technology and medical advances to members of Congress and staffers on Capitol Hill to highlight the importance of funding for modernization, research and development in order to better equip, protect and care for Soldiers. Lawmakers and staff handled weapons, looked through night vision goggles, saw a thermal imaging display, tried on body armor, spoke to medical researchers, and discussed technology with Soldiers during Army Day on Capitol Hill, April 25. As part of the event, Soldiers escorted more than 400 people throughout the day to the Capitol Hill Police shooting range to demonstrate the importance of investments in technology and weapons modernization. At the range, Soldiers from the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard), supervised as participants ﬁred 9 mm weapons both with and without pointing lasers, to highlight technology that can greatly enhance accuracy and protect Soldiers. Brig. Gen. Paul A. Ostrowski, with Program Executive Officer, Soldier, said it is important to give Congress a “hands-on” feel for the equipment to show where tax dollars are being spent and where funds should go in the future. Ostrowski said the ultimate goal of the event is to equip and protect the Soldier. “It’s an opportunity to educate the staffs as to what it is that their Army is doing -- not only doing today, but what we’re going to do in the future -- that runs the research and development lines, the science and technology lines, and in our procurement lines,” said Ostrowski.
“The better we educate them, and the better that they are able to identify and understand the technology and the equipment that we are providing, the better off they are making their decisions into whether to fund our Army,” he said. Col. LaTonya Lynn, with the Army House Liaison Division, said the event gives members of Congress and staffers a chance to have one-on-one conversations and get feedback on a Soldier level, while also allowing Soldiers to demonstrate technology. “We’re very excited for this opportunity to showcase some of the Army’s premier weapons systems and survivability equipment that we have for our Soldiers who are operating in harm’s way,” said Lynn. She said it is critical that members and staff have the ﬁrst-hand knowledge of the equipment so they can better make decisions when allocating funds to the Army. “This is a great engagement and we continue building advocacy and trust between our members of Congress and the Army,” Lynn said. “I think it is important outreach and something that the members and staff can recall later and say, ‘I remember that weapon. I saw the capabilities. I understand now how it can help our Soldiers while they are in combat,’” she said. Lt. Col. Ed Ash, a budget liaison ofﬁcer, said Army Day on Capitol Hill is an important way to bring the technology and equipment to Congress and demonstrate the importance of research, development and modernization. “It makes it much easier to explain why something is important,” he said, using the example of heavy body armor. “They saw just for a little while how uncomfortable it was to wear something that was too heavy, and this is why we think
it’s worthwhile to spend the money to make more effective Soldiers by not having to carry heavy stuff.” Col. Dallas Hack, director of the Army’s Combat Casualty Care Research Program with the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, highlighted the lifesaving importance of investments in military medical research and technology. “Thanks to the support of Congress, we have the lowest death rate from injuries at any time in history,” he said. “We’re able to do things to make people more resilient, we’re able to know when they’re having things like a brain injury, and we’re even able to do things that were unheard of 10 years ago to take care of our troops out there.” Hack noted improvements across a wide spectrum, including battleﬁeld trauma; care for injuries when a Soldier returns home; care for brain injuries and psychological health; advances in prosthetic limbs that allow Soldiers to remain on active duty and even return to theater; research on malaria and other infectious diseases that are a concern to deployed personnel; and equipment that is safer and lighter for Soldiers. He said the advances in military medical treatment can also be used in the civilian world, as Hack said was the case with trauma care during the bombing during the Boston Marathon. “Thanks again to the support of Congress in helping us do these things,” Hack said. “Not only are we saving lives in the battleﬁeld, we’re now saving lives in the whole emergency system as well.” Congressional staffer John Witherspoon was among the hundreds of staffers who visited the exhibits, spoke with Soldiers, and
Capitol Hill hosted “Army on the Hill Day” April 25. A child attending the event, in conjunction with “Take Your Child to Work Day,” tested out CCCRP’s Aviation Communications Earplug developed at the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. Photo courtesy of USAMRMC
handled weapons during the daylong event. He said Army Day provides an important insight into where and why tax dollars are being spent. “A lot of the issues going on right now are with sequestration
and funding, and it’s easy to just see that as numbers on paper,” he said. “But once you get out here [you] see what that money is going toward, and why it’s so important. It’s always a great opportunity when you are able to do that.”
Message from the Fort Detrick Safety Ofﬁce: Distracted Driving Kills CHARLES HARRIDAY
FORT DETRICK SAFETY OFFICE
Thousands are killed each year due to distracted driving, and nearly half a million are injured. Yet, many choose not to acknowledge the dangers involved with distracted driving, while others willfully continue to text and talk when driving. While operating a vehicle, any non-driving activity that takes your attention away from driving is considered a distraction. Taking your eyes off the road for any length of time, any action that requires you to take your hand(s) off of the wheel while the vehicle is in motion, and actions that allow you to focus more on it than on the primary task of driving is considered a distraction. All of these distractions increase the risk of one having an accident.
Did you know that, during daylight hours, 800,000 vehicles are being driven while someone is using a hand-held device? Talking on a cell phone reduces the amount of brain activity devoted to driving by 37 percent? Sending or reading a text forces you to remove your focus from the road for an average of 4.6 seconds - this means that if you were driving at a speed of 55 miles per hour, you would have driven the entire length of a football ﬁeld blindfolded. Research has shown that conversations while driving will cause the driver to miss the important visual and audio cues that would ordinary help to avoid a crash - and that’s with using a hands-free device. Who is found driving distracted? Our youngest and most inexperienced drivers are the most at risk, as 16 percent of all distracted
driving crashes involve drivers under the age of 20, but they are not the only ones at risk. In today’s society, many people lead very busy and stressful lives; the use cell phones is a means of staying connected with family, friends and business associates. This use of cell phones may appear to be a harmless and normal action; however, it has become the root cause for the most tragic and fatal crashes. Current Maryland laws associated with distracted driving include: * Handheld ban for all drivers (Secondary law) * Ban on all cell phone use (handheld and hands-free) for beginner drivers (Secondary law). * Ban on texting for all drivers (Primary law) A Secondary law allows an ofﬁ-
cer to issue a ticket only if a driver has been pulled over for another violation. For a Primary law, an ofﬁcer can ticket the driver for the offense without any other trafﬁc violation taking place. Here are some tips for managing distractions while driving: 1.Turn off your cell phone before you get in the vehicle. 2.Place your cell phone out of reach to avoid using it while driving. 3.Avoid wearing headphones (this may be illegal). 4.Do not multi-task (drivers make, on average, 20 major decisions during every mile of driving). 5.Use safety apps to avoid texting and talking while behind the wheel. 6.Stay focused - distracted driving increases a driver’s risk of crashing by 23 percent. 7.Change your voicemail and/ or outgoing greeting message to
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state that you are either unavailable (and/or) driving, and that you will call back at your earliest convenience. 8.Ask the passenger to make the call for you. 9.Prepare for your environment prior to pulling off (review, change or set your navigation/radio/climate control). 10.Keep in mind that hands-free cell phones are not safer. Cell phone use while driving is a visual, mechanical and cognitive distraction. The best way to help ﬁght distracted driving is to get educated. Doing the right thing and learning about the dangers of distracted driving will help to protect you, your family and fellow drivers. Take the pledge to protect yourself by driving phone free. Remember, when the ignition is on, turn your cell phone off. Fort Detrick Standard May 3, 2013
USAMRMC Commanding General Addresses Silver Caduceus Society BY USAMRMC PUBLIC AFFAIRS
The Fort Detrick, Md., chapter of the Silver Caduceus Society gathered for a quarterly luncheon featuring keynote speaker Brig. Gen. (P) Joseph Caravalho Jr., U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and Fort Detrick commanding general, April 18. In his speech, Caravalho offered insight regarding the importance of strong leadership skills throughout the military, with special focus on the U.S. Army Medical Corps. “The essence of the ofﬁcer is to command, but for all of us, we are leaders – we are all leaders,” said Caravalho. “The elements that make a great leader, I believe, are trustworthiness, competence, and the ability to be both humble and
compassionate. And as a leader, you must learn to inspire rather than direct. This is a very important aspect of being a great leader.” Established in September 1967 as a forum for Medical Service Corps officers to conduct professional and personal development, the Silver Caduceus Society remains an important part of the evolving history of the MSC for providing education regarding advancements in technical, administrative and scientiﬁc arenas. Along with career development, a primary objective of the SCS is to encourage social interaction between MSC ofﬁcers and to provide mentoring opportunities for junior ofﬁcers. The Society hopes to maintain an SCS chapter at each military installation where MSC ofﬁcers serve.
Daddies and Daughters Dance
Brig. Gen. (P) Joseph Caravalho Jr., USAMRMC and Fort Detrick commanding general, speaks to the Fort Detrick chapter of the Silver Caduceus Society during its quarterly luncheon April 18. Photo by Jeffrey Soares, USAMRMC public affairs
USAMMDA welcomes new commander
To whom it may concern, I just returned from attending the Daddy Daughter Dance at Fort Detrick, organized by the MWR and I must say that it was great! I spent an unforgettable time with my little princess and I know that every dad present also had a wonderful time. These are the moments that I will always cherish. I know that when my daughter grows up she will not remember how many medals her daddy earned while in the Army, or how successful I was during my service, instead she will remember how every year that daddy was home he was the most proud and happy whenever his little princess out to the dance. God bless you all and thank you so much. Continue with the great work and service you provide to all the service members. Bermorys Matos
Col. Stephen Dalal assumes command of USAMMDA during a ceremony at the Fort Detrick Community Activities Center April 12. Photo by Siegfried Bruner, USAG VI BY CAREY PHILLIPS
USAMMDA PUBLIC AFFAIRS SPECIALIST
The U.S. Army Medical Materiel Development Activity welcomed Col. Stephen Dalal as its new commander at a change of command ceremony held at Fort Detrick, Md., April 12. “Col. Dalal is coming to us from the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, so he really isn’t a stranger,” said Brig. Gen. (P) Joseph Caravalho Jr., commanding general of the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and Fort Detrick, in his opening remarks. “And he deﬁnitely chose a great command to come into. Under Col. Coleman’s leadership, USAMMDA has accomplished signiﬁcant scientiﬁc achievements.”
Fort Detrick Standard May 3, 2013
Col. Russell Coleman relinquished his three-year command to Dalal, who is coming to USAMMDA from the WRAIR, where he served as the director of the Veterinary Services Program. “Several years ago I was sitting in the back of the room for the USAMMDA change of command ceremony between Col. Brian Lukey and Col. Jerry Pierson. Watching that change of command, I said to myself, ‘someday I would love to be part of that organization.’” said Dalal. “It is truly an honor for me to have been chosen to lead USAMMDA.” Not only did he reach his goal, Dalal stepped in to lead the command. “USAMMDA has a reputation of success, and I know this is due to all of the outstanding members of USAMMDA that work together in a cohesive team with a uniﬁed
sense of purpose,” said Dalal. Dalal praised Coleman for his leadership and thanked him for making the transition as seamless as possible. Coleman left Dalal with a ﬁnal piece of parting advice. “You’re in for a wild ride, but keep your sense of humor,” said Coleman. “Be humble, recognize that you, just like all of us, don’t know it all, and look after your people. You’ll do just ﬁne and have a great time.” Coleman will be moving on to assume command of ChemicalBiological Medical Systems for the USAMRMC. “The past three years, two months, 22 days and four hours have been among the most rewarding of my almost 25-year military career,” said Coleman.
Medical Museum to Commemorate Never Before Seen Photos and “Maps” of Albert Einstein’s Brain Go on Sesquicentennial of Civil War Display at Medical Museum with Living History Program TIM CLARKE, JR.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE
Ever wondered what it would have been like to be a soldier, nurse or doctor during the Civil War? On May 18, 2013, visitors can ﬁnd out for themselves when the front lawn of the National Museum of Health and Medicine is transformed into an 1863-era ﬁeld hospital and encampment in celebration of the sesquicentennial of the Civil War. This free event, which will take place rain or shine from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m., will feature living historians from the 28th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Co. B., and the 20th Maine Camp and Hospital Association, who will describe Civil War-era medical practices. Infantry from both the 28th Mass. and 20th Maine will be on hand to showcase uniforms and equipment of the period, as well as perform live ﬁring demonstrations. Inside the Museum, visitors will be able to tour an exhibition on Civil War medicine, including a special display of specimens and illustrations from 1863. Discovery carts will feature displays and hands-on activities related to medical illustrations, bullet extractions, amputations and ballistics. Visitors will also be able to search volumes of the Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, published between 1870 and 1888 as a work that describes diseases that ravaged both the Union and Confeder-
Microscopically thin sections of Albert Einstein’s brain are now on display at the National Museum of Health and Medicine, Silver Spring, Md., as part of an installation titled “What Can We Learn from a Brain?” This temporary exhibit will be on display through May 31, 2013. In 1955, pathologist Dr. Thomas Harvey
performed an autopsy on Professor Albert Einstein and preserved the brain for study. Several years after Harvey passed away, his estate contributed Harvey’s slides and related archival material to the NMHM. The slides and other materials are managed by the NMHM’s Otis Historical Archives. “Dr. Harvey made a life-long commitment to preserving and studying this very unique specimen, and NMHM has been enSee EINSTEIN, continued on page 10
Posed Civil War-era photograph showing how anesthesia was dripped onto a sponge or cone that ﬁt over the nose and mouth of the patient. Image courtesy of National Museum of Health and Medicine
ate armies, as well as case studies that discussed the treatment of war wounds. Andrea Schierkolk, NMHM public programs manager, says she hopes visitors will walk away knowing more about not just Civil War medicine, but the evolution of military medicine as a whole. “By interacting with the living historians, visiting the Museum’s exhibits, and taking a closer look at the history of Civil War medicine, we hope that visitors will gain a better understanding of the nation’s commitment to offering only the best medical care to our See HISTORY, continued on page 10
Photos, hand-drawn maps and glass slides show different views of the brain of Albert Einstein, on display in the new “What Can We Learn from a Brain?” exhibit at the National Museum of Health and Medicine, Silver Spring, Md. The temporary exhibit is on display through May 2013. Photo courtesy of NMHM
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EINSTEIN, continued from page 9
trusted with the legacy he left behind,” said Dr. Adrianne Noe, NMHM director. The new exhibit features “maps” and photographs Harvey prepared while processing the brain before, during and after the sectioning process in the months after Einstein died. These photographs and maps have never been on public display, and are made available now for the ﬁrst time, showing the means by which sectioned brain slides can be associated with their location in the brain. These resources may offer insights into understanding what made Einstein’s brain so unusual, and these may also demonstrate the care taken by Harvey to protect this material for future scholarly work. “What Can We Learn from a Brain?” will also discuss the simple act of observation as part of the study of the brain. Specimens on display are real examples of disease, trauma or conditions that can affect the brain, and that can be observed by the unaided eye.
HISTORY, continued from page 9
service members,” she said. NMHM was established during the Civil War as the Army Medical Museum, a center for the collection of specimens for research in military medicine and surgery. In 1862, Surgeon General William Hammond directed medical ofﬁcers in the ﬁeld to collect “specimens of morbid anatomy together with projectiles and foreign bodies removed” and to forward them to the newly founded museum for study. The Museum’s ﬁrst curator,
Sections and whole brain material will offer visitors the chance to understand the importance of visual observation of the brain as part of diagnosing diseases such as Alzheimer’s or cancer. Additionally, “What Can We Learn from a Brain?” will include the brain of Charles Guiteau, who assassinated President James Garﬁeld in 1881. Guiteau appeared mad or insane at the time of the shooting. After his execution, his brain was preserved and studied by pathologists at the Army Medical Museum (the progenitor of today’s NMHM). To inspire the next generation of brain researchers, the “Einstein Brain Atlas” iPad app (published last year through a collaborative research and development agreement with NMHM Chicago) has been maximized as a museum interactive via a 60-inch interactive display. Visitors can interact with hundreds of life-size, ultra-high resolution slides of the Einstein’s neuroanatomy via a virtual microscope system. “This exciting project represents the ﬁrst
time a cloud-based iPad application of this scale has been adapted to stand alone in a museum environment,” said Dr. Michael Doyle, chairman of NMHM Chicago. “We faced signiﬁcant technical challenges to create a system which provides the same 10 terabytes of Einstein neuroanatomical images that the Einstein Brain Atlas iPad app delivers over the Internet, only in a museum exhibit running an internal virtual cloud. The virtual microscope system that looks cool running on a 10” iPad looks amazing running on a 60-inch interactive display in the museum.” Also included in the exhibit is the ﬁrst ever 3D model of Einstein’s brain, created using multiple reference photos at different angles. NMHM is located at 2500 Linden Lane in Silver Spring, Md., and is open daily (including weekends and holidays) from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Admission is free. For more information, please call (301) 3193300 or visit NMHM’s website at http:// www.medicalmuseum.mil.
John Brinton, visited mid-Atlantic battleﬁelds and solicited contributions from doctors throughout the Union Army. During and after the war, Museum staff took pictures of wounded soldiers showing effects of gunshot wounds, as well as results of amputations and other surgical procedures. Guests of all ages are invited to attend this event. For more information call (301) 319-3303, email medicalmuseum@amedd. army.mil or visit http://www.medicalmuseum.mil. The Museum is located at 2500 Linden Lane, Silver Spring, Md. 20910.
BIRTHDAY, continued from page 5
asked stand and participate in reciting the CPO pledge with the active duty chiefs. Johnson then invited Cdr. Shikina Tellis to represent the ofﬁcer corps with a few comments that included a greeting from the commanding ofﬁcer. “I am honored to speak at today’s ceremony and I appreciate having the opportunity to address the Chief Petty Ofﬁcers of this command, both past and present,” she said. “We have come to rely on your professionalism, your leadership and your mentorship, and it’s important that you know the value you bring in all you do here on a daily basis.” Command Master Chief David L. Hall (FMF) then shared a few thoughts with the entire command regarding the chiefs’ responsibility to the command and its command personnel. “We have a prominent role in ensuring all of our junior Sailors have access to our years of experience and our personal com-
mitments to their development,” Hall said. “Most importantly, during this the 120th Birthday of the CPO, I want to say Happy Birthday to all our chief petty ofﬁcers.” In addition to conducting a command celebration, the NMLC CPOs attended the Navy Memorial 120th birthday celebration of the chief petty ofﬁcer, reinvigorating and instilling their sense of heritage and pride. That pride is evident in the CPO’s pledge which states in part, “…My Sailors are students and I am their teacher. I guide and inﬂuence the lives of these young men and women. In the ﬁnal analysis, I will determine the quality of these Sailors. They look up to me because I treat them with dignity and respect. Because they need a leader, I am there for them.” For the Sailors of Naval Medical Logistics Command, they can rest assured the CPOs will remain steadfast in remaining true to their pledge: “Navy Chief! Navy Pride!”
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Fort Detrick Standard May 3, 2013
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Fort Detrick Standard May 3, 2013