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EDITORIAL

Volume 2 Issue 9 | September 2013 Founder & editor Ravi Deecee Executive Editor Ratheema Ravi DC MEDIA - OPERATIONS

dc media - ADVT SALES

General Manager M Kumar EK - EDITORIAL Associate Editor Dipin Damodharan Chief sub Editor Anoop K Mohan OVERSEAS CORRESPONDENT Prashob K P Senior Reporters Lakshmi Narayanan T P Prasanth O P Vinodkumar Sujeesh K S

Senior Managers Kainakari Shibu Rajasree Varma Anu P M Biju P Alex Vijimon P B M K Haridas Vinod Joseph Rohil Kumar A B Managers Febin K Francis Siju Thomas special projects Devika Venugopal

DC MEDIA - EDITORIAL Sr editorial team Vishnu Rageev R Savithri Suresh Sumithra Sathyan Sarath Namboothiri editorial team Vishnu J J Nair Renku Haridas Neethu Mohan Tony William Shalet James Archana Nair Photographer Jose Jacob Design & Layout Anil P John Kailasnath Vipinesh Arathi R Nair Web Manager S Sreenath

DC Media - MARKETING SENIOR Manager Sabu Varghese Mathew Assistant Managers Priya P A Mobin E Mathew Liju P John Abhilas G Krishnan Sunilkumar P S Maya Murali Sales & accounts Josy John Personnel Dept Reshma Benjamin support team Athul P M Sone Varghese Vishnu

dc books Administration General Manager S Arun Kumar Manager-Administration Anil kumar B Manager-Corporate Relations Joseph AG Finance & accounts General Manager Santhosh Kumar M Sr Manager-Costing Christo Antony Sr Manager-Accounts Emy Liju Production General Manager D Sreekumar Store Sales Dan George Renjithdas H Praveen VJ Jaison P Mathew Tomy Antony Satheeshan Nair Mani VK Rajmohan

Editorial - Mango Saraswathy Rajagopal Editorial - DC Books Jaydev K V A V Sreekumar Ramadas R Easwaran Namboothiri H Honey Thomas Anoop G Prakash Marahi Sanjeev S Muraleedharan Shajikumar K N Sreedevi P Sunithananth P T Suresh P S Tency Jacob Aravindakshan N V Purchase Lekha Pradeep Nisha Sunil Online & Portal Jacob Varghese Jeevan K Augustine Rights Sumitha Jyothidas Dileep Kumar T

Contact Info DC MEDIA , DC Books, 234/C, Adjacent to YMCA, Chittoor Road, Cochin – 35, Kerala, India, Contact, Ph: +91 484 3047 405, Fax: +91 484 4021 145 Business Office - International, DC Books Pvt Ltd, # 1, 601, DSC Tower, Studio City, Dubai, UAE Mail: editorial@dcmediacorp.com, info@dcmediacorp.com Published from DC Books, D C Kizhakemuri Edam, Good Shepherd Street, Kottayam – 686001, Kerala, India and printed at S.T.Reddiar & Sons (EKM) for DC Press Pvt. Ltd., Industrial Development Area, Poovanthuruth, Kottayam – 686012, Kerala, India. Printed, published & owned by Ravi Deecee

DC Media Publication www.emergingkerala.in

6

tIc-f-¯n kzm[o\w sNep-¯p¶ {]hmkn kwcw-`-IÀ tI c-f-¯n-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS, Ir-Xy-am-bn-¸-d-ªm km-¼¯n-I h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS a-lm-bm-{X-bn F¶pw ap-¶n \n-¶n-«p-f-f-h-cm-Wv {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fnIÄ. hn-I-kn-X-tI-c-f-¯n-sâ N-e-\-§Ä-

s¡m-¸w X-s¶ k-©-cn-¨v hy-àn-Po-hn-X-¯nepw kw-cw-`-I Po-hn-X-¯n-ep-saÃmw hn-P-b-¯n-sâ ]pXn-b h-gn-¯m-c-IÄ sh-«n-¯p-d-¶-h-cm-W-hÀ. B-[p\n-I tI-c-f-¯n-sâ k¼-Zvhy-h-Ø cq-]-s¸Sp-¯p-¶-Xn \nÀ-®m-b-I ]-¦p-h-ln-¨ {]-hm-kn-I-fp-sS kw-`m-h-\-Isf HmÀ-½-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-sb-¶ e-£yw Iq-Sn ap-¶nÂ-¡-≠mWv F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bpsS Hm-W-¸-Xn-¸v X-¿m-dm-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ km-¼-¯n-I, km-aq-ly a-Þ-e-§-fn \nÀ-®m-b-I kzm-[o-\w sN-ep-¯p-¶ 10 {]-hm-kn kw-cw-`I-sc A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶ {]-tXy-I I-hÀ-tÌm-dn-bmWv Cu ]-Xn-¸n-sâ k-hn-tijX. a-W-em-c-Wy-¯n ]-ehn-[ shÃp-hn-fn-IÄ A-Xn-Po-hn¨v _n-kn-\-Êv km-{am-Py-§Ä sI-«n¸-Sp-¯ C-h-cp-sS t]m-b \mÄ-h-gn-IÄ A-S-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xnt\m-sSm-¸w, tI-c-f- k-aq-l-¯n-\v A-hÀ \ÂIn-b kw-`m-h-\-Ifpw hn-i-Ie-\w sN-¿-s¸-Sp¶p. tI-c-f-¯n Cu kw-cw-`-IÀ \-S¯p-¶ \n-t£]w, C-´y-bv-¡-I¯pw ]p-d-¯p-am-bn C-h-cp-sS Øm-]-\-§-fn tPm-en-sb-Sp-¡p-¶ a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS F®w, C-hÀ tI-c-f-¯n sN-¿p-¶ km-aq-ly {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä, kw-Øm-\-¯nsâ hn-I-k-\-¡p-Xn-¸n-\m-bn C-hÀ sN-¿p-¶ a-äp L-S-I-§Ä Xp-S§n-b am-\-Z-Þ-§Ä hn-e-bncp¯n-b ti-j-am-Wv F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f 10 {]-hm-kn kw-cw-`I-sc A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. G-jy-bn-se G-ä-hpw th-K-¯n h-f-cp-¶ do-s«-bn {Kq-¸p-Ifn-sem-¶m-b, ep-ep am-fn-eq-sS ae-bm-fn-¡v ]pXnb tjm-¸nw-Kv kw-kv-Im-cw k-½m-\n-¨ Fw sI {Kq-¸v Øm-]-I³ bq-k-^en, KÄ^mÀ {Kq-¸v ta[m-hn ap-l½-Zv Aen, c-hn ]nf-f, tPm-bv B-ep-¡mkv, _n BÀ sj-«n, ]n F³ kn ta-t\m³, sI Pn G-{_-lmw, PmthZv lʳ, kn sI tat\m³ Xp-S§n-bh-cm-Wv F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bp-sS tI-c-f-¯n G-ähpw kzm-[o-\w sN-ep-¯p-¶ {]-hm-kn kw-cw-`-I-cp-sS ]-«n-I-bn C-Sw ]n-Sn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f B-tKm-f \n-t£-]I kwK-aw I-gn-ªv H-cp hÀ-jw ]n-¶n-Sp-t¼mÄ, {]Jym-]n-¨ ]-²-Xn-IÄ F-{X-am{Xw \-S-¸m-¡m³ tIc-fw ap³-ssI-s¿-Sp-¯p-sh¶ tNmZy¯n\v Cu kml-N-cy-¯n {]-k-àntb-dp¶p. C-Xv hn-i-Ie-\w sN-¿p-¶ {]-tXy-I dn-t¸mÀ-«m-Wv Cu e-¡-¯n-se a-säm-cp k-hn-tij-X. a-e-bm-f-¯n-sâ {]n-b-s¸-« km-ln-Xy-Im-c³ Fw Sn hm-kp-tZh³ \m-b-cm-Wv F-sâ tI-c-f-¯nÂ. tI-c-f-s¯-¡p-dn-¨p-f-f A-t±-l-¯n-sâ Im-gv-N-¸m-SpIÄ HmW-¸-Xn-¸v Iq-Sp-X B-kzm-Zy-I-c-am-¡p-sa-¶v {]-Xo-£n-¡p¶p. N-cn-{X-¯n-sâ \q-en-g-I-fn \n-¶v A-\-´am-sbm-cp {]u-V-kw-kv-Ir-Xn-bpsS HmÀ-½-s¨-¸v Xp-d-¶v Hm-W-hn-ti-j-§-fp-am-bn I-h-SnbmÀ sIm-«m-c-¯n \n¶pw AizXn Xn-cp-\mÄ Ku-cn-e-£v-an `m-bv X-¼p-cm-«n-bp-sa-¯p¶p. I-gn-hp-Å-bm-fpI-sf an-I-¨ i-¼-f-¯n tPm-en-s¡-Sp¯v, kv-s]jy-sse-tkj-\v {]m-[m\yw \Â-In hn-P-b-knw-lm-k-\-¯n-te-¡v \S-¶p I-bdn-b IY-bmWv sl³dn t^mUn-tâ-Xv. sl³-dn t^mÀ-Uv tem-I-sa-¼m-Sp-ap-Å Hmtcm hy-h-km-bn¡pw F§s\ amÀ¤-ZÀin-bm-sb¶v hni-I-e\w sN¿p-¶p ÌmÀkv Hm^v kIvk-knÂ. _m¦v CXc [\-Im-cy-tk-h\ cwK¯v km[m-c-W-¡mÀ¡v ssI¯m-§mIp¶ Xc-¯n ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸n\v hf-cm³ km[n-¨-sX-§s\? sshhn-[yh¡-c-Whpw ZoÀL-ZÀin-Xzhpw ssIap-X-em¡n Hcp _lp-apJ tImÀ¸-tdäv Øm]-\-ambn ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v amdnb IYbpw FaÀPnMv tIcf hni-I-e\w sN¿p-¶p. H¸w HmW-¸-Xn¸v kar²am¡m³ \nc-h[n aäp-hn-`-h-§fpw. FÃm ae-bm-fn-IÄ¡pw FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bp-sSbpw Unkn _pIvkv {Kq¸nsâbpw lrZbw \ndª HmWm-iw-k-IÄ


C

NTENTS

COVER STORY

26

km-¼-¯n-I-ambpw k-aq-ln-I-am-bpw P·-\m-Sn-s\ hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ s\-dpI-bn F-¯n-¨ H-«-\-h-[n {]-hm-knIÄ \ap¡p≠v. A-Xn-sâ ap³-\nc-bn \nÂ-¡p-¶-h-sc F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p

HmW-¡mes¯ hn-]-Wn-¡mcyw

66

09 10 51

F®-bpt≠m F®? C´y³ tXmWn Cdm-\n-b³ IS-hn tUm. taml³ hÀKokv

_nkn\knse ImWm-s¨-e-hp-IÄ

sslsSIv Imw]-bn-\n Xmac hncn-bptam?

43

CSn-bp¶ cq]! dnkÀhv _m¦v \b-§Ä ^e-{]-Z-am-Iptam?

Hcp {KmaoW _n]n-H-bpsS hnPbw

hn cmtP-{µ³,

kn-FwUn, Im]vtÌmIvkv

50

S P E C I A L S T O R Y

15 20 41 48

Ncn{Xw krjvSn¨ sl³dn t^mÀUv

tars osfs ucce

3

HmW-kvar-Xn-bpsS sIm«m-c-¸-S-hp-I-fn FaÀPnwKv tIcf ]²Xn: ]mgm-bn-t¸mb Hcp hÀjw

apt¶ä ]mX-bn d_vtIm temI {_m³Up-IÄ kwK-an-¡p-¶-bnSw...

67 69 64 19

{]tbm-P-\-I-c-amb _nkn-\kv ¢uUv B¹nt¡-j-\p-IÄ Bizmk \ocm-Im³ \oc hcp¶p

FÃm-hcpw hn¸-\-¡mÀ

62 58

Krl-Øen: hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡m¯ hnt\m-Z-k-©mc ]²Xn

B I G S T O R Y

\jvS-§-fpsS

56

7


Acp-Wm-N-e-¯n-sâ Po-hnX-I-Y am-Xr-Im]cw dnb F-tÌ-äv _nÃn-s\-¡p-dn-¨p-Å I-hÀ tÌm-dn hm-bn¨p. P-\§-sf I-_-fn-¸n-¡p-¶ kw-`-h-§Ä hym-

]-I-am-Ip-¶ km-l-N-cy-¯n C¯-cw Nn-e \n-b-{´-W§Ä A-Xym-h-iy-am-Wv. F-¶m D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v ]qÀ-W-kw-c£-Ww \Â-Ip-¶ Cu _nÃn-s\-¡p-dn-¨v a-äp am-[y-a-§-sfm¶pw X-s¶ Im-cy-am-bn F-gp-Xn¡-≠nÃ. dn-b F-tÌ-äv _nÃn-s\-¡p-dn-¨p hy-àam-¡n¯-¶ F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bv-¡v A-`n-\-µ§Ä. Xp-SÀ¶pw C¯-cw {]-k-àam-b hn-j-b-§Ä {]-Xo£n-¡p¶p. km-_p tPm-kv Nm-e-¡p-Sn

£o-c ta-J-e-bn-se \·bp-sS I-Y hm-bn¨p. £o-c IÀ-j-I-cp-sS Iq-«m-bv-a-bn-eq-sS H-cp hen-b {]-Øm-\am-bn h-f-cm³ I-gn-ª anÂ-a-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-ta-J-e

F-{X-t¯m-fw hn-]peam-sW-¶v B te-J-\-¯n-eqsS a-\-kn-em-¡m³ km-[n¨p. anÂ-a-sb-¡p-dn-¨p-Å FÃm Im-cy-§-fpw A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡m³ km-[n-¨p F-¶Xpw F-Sp¯p ]-d-tb-≠-XmWv. ]n Sn tPmÀÖv sImÃw

F-XnÀ-¸p-I-sfbpw X-S-k-§-sf-bp-sam-s¡ a-dn-IS-¶v kw-cw-`w sI-«n-s¸m¡nb A-cp-WmN-ew ap-cp-Im-\µ-sâ Po-hnX-I-Y am-Xr-Im-]-c-amWv. FÃm ku-I-cy-§fpw km-l-N-cy-hp-sam-s¡ D-≠m-bn-cp-¶n«pw C¯-cw tam-l§Ä km-[y-am-¡m³ Xp-\n-bm-¯hÀ Cu I-Y XoÀ-¨bmbpw A-dn-ªn-cn-t¡-≠XmWv. C-¯-c-¯n {]-tNmZ-\-w \Â-Ip-¶ hy-àn-Xz§-sf C-\nbpw F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bn {]-Xo-£n-¡p¶p. kp-\nÂ- amXyp ]-d-hqÀ

sIm-¨n FÂ-F³-Pn sSÀ-an-\Â ]-²-Xn-sb-¡p-dn-¨p hmbn¨p. C-{X-t¯m-fw hn-I-k-\-km[y-X \Â-Ip-¶ ]-²-XnIÄ-¡p t]mepw F-XnÀ-¸p-IÄ D-b-cp¶-Xp X-s¶-bm-Wv ]-e Im-cy-§-fnepw tI-c-f-¯n-sâ ]n-t¶m-¡m-h-Ø-bv-¡p Im-c-Ww. FÂ-F³-Pn sSÀ-an-\-en-s\ hn-i-Z-am-bn ]-cn-N-bs¸-Sp¯n-b teJ-\w A-`n-\-µ-\mÀ-l-amWv. ]n. hn ap-l½-Zv A-jvd^v Im-bw-Ipfw.

tIc-f-¯n-se A-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶ h-kv-{X-hym]m-c Øm]\w F-¶ \n-e-bn io-am-«n- h-fÀ-¯n-b-Xn-\p ]n-¶n-se ]-cn-{i-a-§Ä A-dn-bm³ km-[n-¨p ssa tÌm-dn-bn-eq-sS. hy-h-km-b-temI-¯v C¯-cw D-¶-X Øm-\-§Ä A-e-¦cn-¡p-¶-hÀ H-cp Ime-¯p I-S-¶p-h-¶ {]-b-Xv-\-¯n-sâ h-gn-IÄ A-S-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯m³ F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f \-S-¯p-¶ {i-a-§Ä Çm-L-\o-bw X-s¶ sI. BÀ kpa-Xn s]-cp-¼m-hqÀ

"sR«-äv ho-gp-¶ shän-e hy-h-km-bw' hm-bn-¨p. hen-b hen-b ]-²-Xn-IÄ¡vv km-l-N-cy-§Ä H-cp-§p-t¼mÄ B-cp-a-dn-bm-sX A-h-K-Wn-¡-s¸-«p t]m-Ip-¶ C-¯-c¯n-ep-Å \n-ch-[n hy-h-km-b-§-fp≠v. A-[n-Im-cn-Xe-¯n-epÅ-htcm ap-Jy-[m-cm am-[ya-§tfm C¯-cw hy-h-km-b§-sf Xn-cn-ªp t\m-¡p-¶nà F-¶Xp {]-Xn-tj-[mÀ-l-amWv. Xn-cqÀ sh-än-e- hy-h-km-b-s¯-¡pdn-¨p-Å te-J-\-¯n-eq-sS F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f \-sÃm-cp D-Zmlc-Ww Iq-Sn-bm-Wv Im-Wn-¨p X-¶Xv. km-_p Sn Sn

tN-fm-cn.

\n§Ä¡pw A`n-{]m-b-a-dn-bn¡mw

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\b-X{´w

tUm. taml³ hÀKokv

Xn-·-bp-sS A-¨p-X-≠nÂ- h-S-¡³ sIm-dn-b-tbmSpw kndn-b-tbmSp-sam-¸w A-ta-cn-¡ tNÀ-¯p-sI«n-b C-dm-s\ kw-_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯m-fw G-Xp hn-t[-\bpw hn-`-h-§fm-b A-kw-kvIr-X F-®bpw {]-Ir-Xnhm-X-Ihpw hn-äp Imim-¡n-sb-¦n-te ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Im-\mhq. C-hn-sS-bm-Wv C-dm-sâ ]-c-¼-cm-K-X kp-lr¯m-b C-´y-bp-am-bp-Å _-Ô-¯n-sâ {]-kàn. C-´y-bv¡p th-≠Xpw s]-t{Smfnbw, C-dm-\p hnÂ-¡m-\p-ÅXpw s]-t{Sm-fnbw. sshZy³ IÂ-¸n-¨Xpw tcm-Kn C-Ñn-¨Xpw H-¶p X-s¶.

sF k-Iv \yq-«-\m-Wt{X A-Xm-Zyw ]-d-ªXv. sR-«-äm B-¸nÄ th-sd§pw t]m-hnÃ. F-t¸mgpw Xm-

tg-¡p Xs¶. tUm-f-dn-s\-Xn-sc C-´y³ cq-]m sR«äp ho-Wp- Xp-S-§n-b-t¸mÄ a³-tam-l\pw Nn-Zw-_-chpw H-¶p sR«n. cq-]m-bp-sS Im-cyamtWm Bthm \yq-«³ k-aÀ-°n-¨-Xv?! hogv-N \n-co-£n-¡m³ dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v K-hÀ-®À kv-]o-Uv K-hÀ-Wdpw L-Sn-¸n-¨p Im-¯n-cp¶p. Inw ^ew? ho-WpS-ªp cq-]m hn-cq-]-amb-Xp an¨w. C-Xv ho-gvNbv-¡p ti-j-ap-Å I-W-s¡-Sp-¸n-sâ Imew, ho-≠p-hn-Nm-c-¯n-sâ-bpw. C-´y³ k-¼-Zvhy-h-Ø-bv¡n-Xv A-Xn-Po-h-\-¯n-\m-bpÅ t]m-cm-«-Imew. hn-tZ-i\m-Wy I-cp-X tiJ-cw hÃm-sX tim-jn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. AS-hp in-ã \ne tim-N-\obw. C-d-¡p-a-Xn-bn ap-¶n-«p \nÂ-¡p¶-Xv F-®. cq-]m-sb c-£n-¡m³ C-\n-sbmt¶-bp-Åq hgn. s]-t{Sm-fn-bw Cd-¡p-a-Xnbpw kzÀ-® C-d-¡p-a-Xnbpw IÀ-i-\-am-bn \n-b-{´n-¡p-I. A-Xph-gn tUm-f-dn-\p-Å Un-am³-Uv Ip-d-¨v 68\p Xm-sg-t¸m-bn s]cp-h-gn-bnem-b cq-]m-sb D-²-cn-¡p-I. D-d-¸n-¡m³ h-cs«. aäp t]mw-h-gn-sb-s´-¦n-epw? hntZ-i-Imcy, km-¼-¯n-I-Im-cy hn-Nm-c-IÀ H-¯p-tNÀ-¶v {]-iv-\w h-¨-t¸mÄ A-Xm sX-fn-ªp h-cp-¶p C-dm³. F-®-¸-W-¯n-sâ B-ZyIm-e D-d-hnSw. a-e-bm-fn-sb a-dp\m-S³ kz-]v-\w Im-Wm³ B-Zyw- ]Tn-¸n-¨ km-£m t]À-jy. C-t¸m-gmcpw t]À-jy-¡p t]m-cm-dnÃ. ]-Icw, KÄ-^vþkuZn, Ip-sshäv, _-lv-dn³, J¯À, bpF-C, H-am³þA-Xmb-Xv t]À-jy³ KÄ-^v F-¶ DÄ-¡-S-en\v sX-¡p-Å cm-Py-§-fn-te-¡m-Wv {]-bm-Ww. F-t´ h-S-¡p-`mK-s¯ C-dm-s\ a-d-¶Xv? knw-]nÄ. A-hn-sS C-t¸mÄ hn-ZKv[ sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS hen-b £m-a-anÃ. ]n-s¶ ]-g-bXp-t]m-se henb tXm-Xn F-® hnÂ-¸\-bp-anÃ. F-®-¡-¼-\n-I-fp-sS tZ-i-kmÂ-¡-cWw, C-dm¡p-am-bp-Å bp-²w, 1979se C-Éman-I hn-¹hw, A-ta-cn¡-bp-am-bp-Å D-ckÂ, B-W-h hn-j-b-¯n B-tKm-f D-]-tcm[w, `q-cn]-£w h-cp-¶ kp-¶n Ad-_v cm-Py-§fp-am-bp-Å kz-c-t¨À-¨-bnÃmbv-a F-¶p th-≠ jn-bm cm-Pyam-b C-dm³ ]n-Sn-¡m-¯ ]p-en-hm-ep-IÄ C-sÃ-¶p kmcw. Xn·-bp-sS A-¨p-X-≠nÂ- h-S-¡³ sIm-dn-btbmSpw kn-dn-b-tbmSp-sam-¸w A-ta-cn-¡ tNÀ-¯p-sI«n-b C-dm-s\ kw-_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯m-fw G-Xp hn-t[-\bpw hn-`h-§fm-b A-kw-kvIr-X F-®bpw {]-Ir-Xn hm-X-Ihpw hn-äp Im-im-¡n-sb-¦n-te ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Im-\mhq. C-hn-sS-bm-Wv C-dm-sâ ]-c-¼-cm-K-X kp-lr¯m-b C-´y-bp-am-bp-Å _-Ô-¯n-sâ {]-kàn. C-´y-bv¡p th-≠Xpw s]-t{Sm-fnbw, C-dm-\p hnÂ-¡m-\p-ÅXpw s]-t{Sm-fnbw. ssh-Zy³ IÂ-¸n-¨Xpw tcm-Kn C-Ñn-¨Xpw H-¶p Xs¶. G-sd-¡m-ew C-´y-bp-sS {IqUv Hm-bn Cd-¡p-a-Xn-bp-sS 15þ20 i-X-am-\-t¯m-fw C-dm-\n \n-¶mbn-cp¶p. A-Xmb-Xv {]-Xn-hÀ-jw i-cm-i-cn 22 Z-ie£w S¬. ku-Zn A-td_y, C-dm-Jv F® I-gn-ªm C-d-¡p-a-Xn-bn aq¶mw Øm\w. C-´y-bv¡v I-b-äpa-Xn sN-¿m³ Acn, [m-Xp¡Ä, sS-Iv-Ì-bnÂ-kv C-XymZn. hmÀjn-I I-b-äp-a-Xn-bn \n-¶p e-`n-¡p¶-Xv Xp-Ñ-am-b 2.9 _n-ey¬ tUmfÀ. C-d¡p-a-Xn-bm-h-s« 10.5 _n-ey¬ tUm-f-dn-sâ-bpw. I-b-än-d-¡p-a-Xn-I-fnse Cu A-P-K-Pm´cw A-¸sa-¦nepw Ip-dªXv Cu-b-Sp-¯-Im-e-¯v A-

ta-cn-¡³ `o-j-Wn-¡p h-iw-h-Z-cm-bn C-dm-\n-b³ F-® t¯m-fw Xn-I¨pw X-{´-{]-[m\w. a-t²y-jy-bn-te-¡p-Å C-d-¡pa-Xn C-´y Ip-d-¨-t¸m-gm-bn-cp¶p. kp-hÀ-® I-hm-S-am-bn C-´y I-cp-Xp-¶ O-_-lmÀ XptaÂ-¸-dª-Xv F-®-bp-sS Im-cyw. F-¶m {]-Ir-Xn- d-ap-Jw C-dm-\n-emWv. C-Xn-\p tI-h-ew 70 In-tem-ao-äÀ hm-X-I-am-Wv C¶-s¯ Xmcw. G-sd-¡m-e-am-bn ]d-ªp In-g-¡p-Å ]m-¡n-Øm-sâ Kz-±mÀ Xp-d-ap-Jw ssN-\o-kv tI-«n-cp-¶ 7.4 Z-ie-£w tUm-f-dn-sâ {Xn-cm-{ã C-dm³þ k-lm-b-t¯m-sS hn-I-kn-¡p-t¼mÄ C-´y-bv¡v t\m]m-In-Øm³þC-´y Kym-kv ss]¸v-sse³ ]²-Xn C¶pw ¡n-bn-cn-¡p-hm-\mIp-tam? C-dm-\n-sebpw a-t²y-jy³ I-S-em-kn Xs¶. AXp-t]m-se H-F³-Pn-kn k-lm-bcm-Py-§-fn-sebpw F-®-bn I-®p\-«v C-´y O-_-lmt¯m-sS C-dm-sâ ^À-km-Zvþ_n Kym-kv ^oÂ-Unsâ 1.5 dn-s\ D-²-cn¡m-s\m-cp-§p-I-bmWv. am-{X-aà C-dm-s\ _n-ey¬ tUm-f-dn-sâ hnI-k-\ ]-²-Xnbpw h-gn-ap-«n \n bpw d-jy-sb-bpw _-Ôn-¸n-¡p-¶ H-cp h-¼³ sd-bnÂ-th Â-¡p¶p. C-cp-hn-j-b-§-fn-sebpw C-´ybp-sS sa-sÃ]-²-Xn-bp-sS \-S-¯n-¸n-\v C-´y \Â-Ip-¶ km-t¦Xn-I t¸m-¡n C-dm-\v A-aÀ-j-ap≠v. G-ähpw em-`-I-c-am-bn k-lm-bw H¶pw Im-Wm-sX-bm-hnÃ-tÃm. {Iq-Uv Hmbn DÂ-¸m-Zn-¸n-¡p-¶ cm-Py-§fn-sem-¶m-Wv km-¼¯n-I k-l-I-c-W-¯n-sâ {]m-tbmKn-I ]-ÙmC-dm³. DÂ-¸m-Z-\sNe-hv _m-c-en-\v G-gv tUm-f-À am-{Xw. hp-IÄ sh-«n-¯pd-¶v C-dm\pw C-´ybpw \-S-¯n-b A-ta-cn-¡-bn-te-Xv 65 tUmfÀ! C-dm-\n-b³ {]-Ir-Xn-hm2001se sS-lv-dm³ {]-Jym-]-\-hpw 2003 se UÂ-ln X-tImÂ-¸m-Z-\hpw sNe-hp Ip-d-ªXv. A-´m-cm-{ã {]-Jym-]-\hpw `m-hn _-Ô-¯n-\p-Å H-¶m´-cw N-«k-½À-±-¯n-\p hg-§n C-dm-\n-b³ F-®, {]-Ir-Xn hm¡q-Sm-bn I-cp-Xp-¶-h-cm-tW-sd. D-`-bI-£n hym-]mcw, X-I-§Ä th-s≠-¶p h-bv-¡m³ C-´y ap-Xn-cp-t¼mÄ K-Xm-K-X en-¦pIÄ, {]m-tZin-I kp-c-£n-X-Xzw, `o-I-chmDu-dn-¨n-cn-¡p¶-Xv C-X-c KÄ-^v cm-Py§Ä. C-t¸mÄ Z `oj-Wn Xp-S-§nb-h-sbm-s¡ 2013 sabv 4þmw Xob-Xn C-´y-bp-sS 67 i-X-am\w {]-Ir-Xnhm-X-I C-d-¡p-a-Xnbpw \-S¶ 17þma-Xv C³-tUmþC-dm-\n-b³ kw-bp-à kmJ-¯-dn \n¶v. AXpw A-\ym-b hn-ebv¡v! C-´y-bv¼¯n-I I-½o-j³ k-t½-f-\-¯n-sâ NÀ-¨m-hn-j-b-§s¡´p-sIm-≠v H-¶p am-dn Nn-´n-¨p-IqSm ? ]-gb tXm-Xn- fm-b-t¸mÄ k-lI-c-W {]-Xo-£-IÄ-¡v ]p-¯³ Nnd-Iv te-¡v C-dm-\p-am-bp-Å F-® hym-]m-cw hÀ-²n-¸n-¨m ap-f-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. C-´y³ hn-tZ-i-Im-cy-a{´n kÂ-am³ A-ta-cn-¡ ao-i hn-d-¸n-t¨-¡pw. C³-tUmþbpF-kv l-Wn- JpÀ-jnZpw C-dm-\n-b³ hntZ-i a{´n A-en A-Iv-_À aq-Wn-\n-sS H-cp IÃp-ISn ? tlbv, ]m-SnÃ. ]-t£, C-´y k-te-lnbpw Nm-b- Ip-Sn-s¨-gp-t¶-ä-t¸mÄ D-`-bI-£n ssI-hn-«m C-dm³ ssN\-sb B-{i-bn-¡pw. I-«mbw. hym-]m-cw 15.9 _n-ey¬ tUm-f-dm-bn D-bÀ-¯p-¶-Xn-\p-Å t\c-s¯ ]-d-ª D-S-¼-Sn-I-fn \n-¶v C-´y ]n³-hm-§n- sN¸-Sn hn-Zy-IÄ A-S-§p-¶ ^-bepw ssIbn-ep-≠mbm ssN-\o-kv I-¼-\n-I-fmIpw C-dm-sâ F-®þ{]-Irbn-cp-¶p F-¶m-Wp hmÀ-¯. s]-t{Sm-fn-bw sk-Î-dn-\p Xn-hm-X-I ]-cy-th-jW tIm¬-{Sm-ÎpIÄ I-¿-S-¡p-I. ]pdsa sFSn, Ce-t{Îm-Wn-Ivkv, hm-l-\-hy-h-kmbw, C-sX§-s\ k-ln-¡pw? Np-cp-¡-¯n I-bv-¨n-«n-d-¡m A-SnØm-\ kuI-cy hn-Ik-\w F-¶o ta-J-e-I-fnepw \pw a-[p-cn-¨n-«p Xp-¸m\pw h-¿m-¯ Ah-Ø. sN-Ipkw-bp-à \n-t£-]w \-S-¯m³ [m-c-W-bm-bn-«p≠v. ¯m\pw sN-¦-S-en\pw at²y A-I-s¸-« A-\p-`hw! C-dm-\n Cu-bn-sS \-S-¶ B-`y-´-c A-[nImc ssIC-dm-\p-ap-≠v Nn-e Xp-dp-¸p No-«pIÄ. A-Xn apJyw am-äw C-´y {i-²-tbm-sS-bm-Wv ho-£n-¡p-¶Xv. C-dm-sâ tlmÀ-aq-kv ap-\¼v; A-Xmb-Xv t]À-jy³ DÄ-¡-S-en-teb-YmØn-X Nn-´m-[m-c-bp-sSbpw A-ta-cn-¡ hn-cp-²-X-bp¡p-Å I-hmSw. tlmÀ-aq-kv I-S-en-Sp-¡nsâ \n-b-{´-Ww sSbpw {]-Xo-I-am-bn-cp-¶ sa-laq-Zv A-l½-Zn \n-Pm-Zn-\p ]n³-Km-an-bm-bn ]-cn-jv-I-c-W-hm-Znbm-b ]p-tcm-ln-X³ C-dm-sâ ssI-I-fnÂ. A-Xn-\m t]À-jy³ KÄ-^n l-ʳ dq-lm-\n {]-knUâ v ]-Z-¯n-se-¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶p. \n-¶p-Å F-®-bp-ambn Hm-bn Sm-¦-dp-IÄ-¡v ]p-d-t¯I-Spw-]n-Sp-¯-§fpw ho-ckyw ]-d-¨nepw ]m-Ým-Xy cm¡v t]m-I-W-sa-¦n C-dm³ I-\nb-Ww F-¶À°w. C-dm-sâ B-W-h ]-²-Xn-s¡-Xn-sc A-ta-cn-¡ N-{µ-lm-k- Py-§-fp-am-bp-Å G-äp-ap-«-ep-w a-Xn-bm-¡n k-¼-Zvhy-h-Ø sa-¨-s¸-Sp-¯m-\p-Å {i-a-§-fp-am-bn C-dm-sâ ]-c-tam-¶-X anf-¡n hm-Wn-Py D-]-tcm-[w {]-Jym-]n-¨-t¸mÄ C-dm³ Bßo-b t\-Xm-hv A-b-s¯m-Å A-en J-a-\-bn-bp-sS 2012 P-\p-h-cn-bn Xn-cn-¨-Sn¨-Xv tlmÀ-aq-kv A-S-¨nSpw B-ioÀ-Æm-Z-ap-Å dq-lm-\n kÀ-¡mÀ ap-t¶m-«p t]m-bm F-¶ {]-Jym-]-\-t¯m-sS-bmWv. ]n-s¶ B-tKm-f C-´y-bv¡v k-am-[m-\n-¡mw. C-dm-sâ B-W-h ]-²-XnF-®hn-e H-ä-¡p-Xn-¸m-bn-cp¶p. ]-t£ A-¶v H¶pw s¡-Xn-sc A-Sp-¯ Ime-¯v C-´y A-´m-cm-{ã B-Wkw-`-hn-¡m-¯-Xn-\m hn-e Xm-sg h-¶p. F-¶m thmÀ-Ö G-P-³-kn k-t½-f-\-§-fn \n-e-]m-sS-Sp¯-Xv `m-hn-bn C-dm³ A-hn-th-Iw Im-«p-Ibpw KÄ-^n C-´ymþC-dm³ _-Ô§-sf km-c-am-bn _m-[n-¨n-cp¶p. \n-¶p-Å {IqUv Hm-bn \o-¡w \n-e-bv¡p-Ibpw sNC-\n A-Xp a-d-¡mw. ]pXn-b `-c-W-Ip-Sw ]p-¯³ \-b-§bv-Xm BZyw X-I-cp-¶-Xv, C-´y³ k-¼-Zv hy-h-Øfp-am-bn F-¯p-t¼mÄ B-W-h t{]X-s¯ ]Sn-¡v ]p-dbm-bn-cn-¡pw. {Iq-tUm-bn \n-c-¡p-IÄ hÀ-²n-¨m \n-tXym-]-tbm-K k-[-\-§-fp-sS hn-e-¡b-äw A-\n-hm-cyw. ¯p \nÀ-¯mw. C-´y³ F-®-¡-¸-ep-IÄ-¡v C-dm-\nhn-tZ-i\m-Wy I-cp-X ti-J-chpw B-hn-bm-hpw. DuÀ-²- b³ Xp-d-ap-J-§-fn \-¦q-c-an-Sm³ C-Xm-W-h-kcw. C-\n izm-kw h-en-¨p \nÂ-¡p-¶ C-´y³ cq-]-bv¡v N-c-a-¡p-dn- H-¶p-Iq-Sn-tb A-dn-bm-\pÅq. C-´y³ I-¸n-¯m-\v C-dm³ s¸-gpXp-I F-¶ Hu-]-Nm-cn-IX-tb ]pXn-b dn-kÀ-hv _m- H-cp-¡p¶-Xv t]À-jy³ ]-c-h-Xm-\n hn-cn-¨p-Å h-c-th¸mIp-tam? I-®n-se-®-sbm-gn-¨p Im-¯n-cn¡mw! ¦v K-hÀ-®À c-L-pdmw cmP-\v ]n-s¶ _m-¡n-bp-≠mIq. A-Xn-\m C-dm-s\ {]-tIm-]n-¸n-¡m-sX kp-Jn-¸n-¨p ssh-Fwkn-F tZio-b am-[y-a-k-an-Xn sN-bÀ-am-\pw, Xn-cp-hà \nÀ-¯m³ C-´ybv-¡p-ap-≠v _m-²y-X. amÀ-t¯m½ tIm-sf-Pv s]m-fn-än-¡Â k-b³-kv hn-`m-Kw A-tkmC-dm-sâ sem-t¡-j³ C-´y-sb kw-_-Ô-n¨n-Skn-tb-äv s{]m-^-k-dp-am-Wv te-JI³.

9


C´y-bnse s^bvkv_p¡v bqtkgvkv:

cmjv{Sobw

ssl-sS-Iv Imw-]-bn-\nÂ

anÃy¬

SznäÀ bqtkgvkv:

anÃy¬

3Un {]kw-Khpw SznäÀ, s^bvkv_p¡v XpS-§nb \h-bp-K-tkm-jy aoUnb Imw]-bn-\p-I-fp-ambn C´y³ cmjv{Sobs¯ sslsSIv B¡m³ {ian-¡p¶ "\tam {_ntK-Un'\v _nsP-]n-bpsS i\n-Zi amäm³ km[n-¡ptam?

Zn]n³ Zmtam-Z-c³

kzm-X-{´y-¯n-sâ 66þmw ]Xn-äm≠v cm-{ãw XnI-bv¡pt¼mÄ km-¼¯n-I A-Øn-c-X-bp-sS-

bpw cm-{ão-b C-Ñm-i-àn-bnÃm-bv-a-bp-sS-bpw {In-an\Â-hÂ-¡-c-W-¯n-sâ-bp-saÃmw ]p-Xn-b am-\-§fneqsSbmWv \mw IS-¶p-t]m-Ip-¶-Xv. F¶m 66 h-b-Ên C-´y-bp-sS P-\-kw-Jy-bn-se 66 i-X-am-\w 35 h-b-Ên-\p Xm-sg-bp-f-f-h-cm-sW-¶-Xv `m-hn-bn-te-¡v {]-Xo-£ -\Â-Ip-¶p. A-tXka-bw cm-{ã-s¯ \-bnt¡≠ cm-{ão-b ]mÀ-«n-IÄ-¡v a-sä-¶-t¯-¡mfpw A-]N-bw kw-`-hn¨p- sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-I-bm-sW-¶ hm-Zhpw i-à-am-Ip-¶p. Cu km-l-N-cy-¯n-em-Wv C-´y A-Sp-¯ sX-c-sª-Sp-¸n-s\ t\-cn-Sm\pw H-cp§p-¶Xv. cm-Py-s¯ 16þma-Xv s]m-Xp-sX-c-sª-Sp-¸n-\v tIfn-sIm-«p-b-cp-t¼mÄ {][m-\ cm-{ão-b ]mÀ-«n-I-Ä km-[y-X-I-fp-sS I-W-¡p-I-fn- ap-gp-Ip-I-bm-Wv. hm-Pv-t]-bn ]n-Sn-hn-« `-c-W-N{Iw Xn-cn-¨p ]n-Sn-¡m³ \-tc-{µ tam-Un-sb-¶ A-h-Xmc-s¯ ap³-\nÀ-¯n-bpf-f _n-sP-]n-bp-sS ]-cn-{i-aw hn-P-bn¡p-tam-sb-¶v Im-¯n-cp-¶p Im-tW-≠n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. 2014 sX-c-sª-Sp-¸v P-bn-¡p-I-sb-¶ e-£yw sh-¨v, tamUn-bpsS Hm¬sse³ aqeyw Xncn-¨-dnªv, H-cp anÃy-Wn-e-[n-Iw h-cp-¶ sFSn So-an-s\ hmÀ-s¯-Sp-¡m\pw ]mÀ-«n Xo-cp-am-\n-¨p I-gnªp. F-kv-Fw-Fkpw tkm-jy ao-Un-b-bp-saÃmw D-]tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n ]mÀ-«n-bp-sS k-tµ-i-§Ä ]-c-amh-[n P-\-§-fn-se-¯n-¡p-I-bm-Wt{X C-h-cp-sS Zu-Xyw. anj³ 272+ F-¶m-Wv Zu-Xy-¯n-\v _n-sP-]n \Â-In-bncn-¡p-¶ t]cv. tam-Un- e£yw sh-¡p-¶ X-c-¯n 272e-[n-Iw ko-äp-I-fp-am-bn _n-sP-]n A-[n-Im-c-¯nte-dp-sa¶-Xv D-d¸m-b X-c-¯n-em-Wv "\-tam-^m³-kv' CâÀ-s\-äv A-S-¡n-hm-gp-¶-Xv. ssl-sS-Iv X-cw-Kw kr-ãn-¨v B-Zy-am-bn thm-«v sN-¿m-s\-¯p-¶ bp-h-P-\§-fn \-sÃm-cp- i-X-am-\-s¯-bpw _n-sP-]n-¡v A\p-Iq-e-am-¡m-\p-f-f {i-a-¯n-emWv sF-Sn Sow. a-säÃm ]mÀ-«n-I-sfbpw adn-I-S¶v ssl-sS-Iv X-{´-§Ä sa-\-bp-¶ _n-sP-]n I-W-¡p-Iq-«p¶-Xv tam-Un-¡v A`q-X-]qÀ-Æ-am-bn e-`n-¡p-¶ s\-än-k¬-kn-sâ ]n´p-W X-s¶-bmWv.

ssl-sS-Iv tam-Un... thm-«-h-Im-i-ap-f-f s\-än-k¬-kn-\v thm-t«-gv-kv en-kv-än t]-cp tNÀ-¡p-¶-X-S-¡-ap-f-f ku-I-cy-§fmWv sF-Sn Sow sN-bv-Xp- \Â-Ip-I-b-t{X. ]mÀ-«n ¡pw tam-Un¡pw CâÀ-s\-än e-`n-¡p-¶ an-I-¨ ]n ´pW thm-«m-¡n am-än thm-«v i-X-am-\w \n-e-hnse 19Â\n¶pw K-Wy-am-bn hÀ-[n-¸n-¡m-\m-Ip-sa-¶ {]-Xo-£-bn-em-Wv sX-c-sª-Sp-¸v {]-Nm-c-W-¯n-\v Np-¡m³ ]n-Sn-¡p-¶ X-{´-Ú³-amÀ. ]mÀ-«n-bp-sS C³-^À-ta-j³, I½yq-Wn-t¡-j³-kv B³-Uv Imw-

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sslsSIv Imw]-bn³ Imcy-£-aam-¡m\pw 272+ anj³ ]qÀ¯oI-cn-¡m-\p-ambn india272.com F¶ Hm¬sse³ shmf-≠oÀ ¹mävt^m-an\pw _nsP]n cq]w \ÂIn-bn-«p≠v ]-bn³ I-½n-än-bp-sS X-e-h³ ]o-bp-jv tKm-b-em-Wv ssl-sS-Iv ]-»n-kn-än-bp-sS Np-a-X-e -h-ln-¡p-¶Xv. cPn-ÌÀ sN-¿m-¯ Np-cp-§nbXv G-gv tIm-Sn bp-hthm-«À-am-sc-¦nepw cm-Py-¯p≠v. Ch-sc t]m-fnw-Kv _q-¯n-se-¯n-¨v ]mÀ-«n-¡v A-\p-Iq-e-am-bn thm-«v sN-¿n-¡m-\m-Ip-sa-¶ {]-Xo-£-bn-emWv sF-Sn Imw]-bn³ ap-t¶-dp-¶-Xv. Hmtcm thm-«-dp-sSbpw hy-àn]-cam-b hn-h-c-§Ä e-`y-am-Ip¶ tkm-^v-ävsh-bÀ D-]-tbm-Kn-¨p-f-f sSIv-t\m-f-Pn-bp-sS hy-Xy-kv-X- km[y-X-IÄ D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n-bm-Wv ]mÀ-«n Imw-]-b-n \p-IÄ-¡v XpS-¡w Ip-dn-¡p-¶-Xv. A-ta-cn¡ t]m-ep-ff cm-Py-§-fn k-Po-hamb ssa-t{Im- SmÀ-K-änw-Kv coXnbpw _n-sP-]n ]-co-£n-¡p¶p. "sS-bv-eÀtaUm'-b {]-tXy-I sa-tk-Pp-IÄ C-e-t{Î-än-sâ H-cp {]-tXy-I {Kq-¸n-s\ SmÀK-äv sN-bv-Xv F-¯n-¡m-\p-f-f {i-a-am-Wv ssa-t{Im- SmÀ-K-änwKv. Hmtcm thm«pw \nÀ-Wm-b-I-amIp-¶ ]-cn-X-Øn-Xn-bn C¯-cw {i-a-§fpw \n À-Wm-b-I-am-tb-¡pw. cPn-kv-äÀ sN-¿m¯ Hmtcm thm-«-sd-bpw \n-c-´-c-am-bn ]n-´p-SÀ-¶v thm-t«-gv-kv enkv-än t]-cv tNÀ-¸n-t¨ A-S-§q-sh-¶ hm-in-bn-em-Wv "\tam' shm-fânbÀ-amÀ. tem-Ivk-`m sX-c-sª-Sp-¸v ap-¶n¡≠v Kp-P-dm-¯n am-{Xw 5 e-£w ]p Xn-b Aw-K§-sf tNÀ-¡m-\m-bp-f-f ]-²-Xn¡pw ]m À-«n XpS-¡w Ip-dn-¨n-«p≠v. A-tX-ka-bw ]mÀ-«n-¡v th-cp-I-fnÃm-¯ Z-£n-tW-´y³ kw-Øm-\-§-fn C-Xv F-{X-am{Xw ^-ew Im-Wp-sa-¶v I-≠-dn-b-Ww.

ssl-Z-cm-_mZv, _w-K-eqcp, Kp-Uv-Kmhv, t`m-¸mÂ, apw-ss_, P-bv-]qÀ, e-Iv-\u, sNss¶ Xp-S§n-b \-K-c§-sf tI-{µo-I-cn¨m-bn-cn¡pw {]-[m-\-ambpw ssl-sS-Iv Imw-]-bn-\pIÄ. 2009 sX-c-sª-Sp-¸n \n¶pw hn-`n-¶-am-bn sSIv-t\m-fPn-¡v \nÀ-Wm-b-I kzm-[o-\-ap-f-f-Xm-Ipw 2014te-sX-¶-Xn cm-{ão-b-]mÀ-«n-IÄ-¡v kw-i-b-anÃ. C-Xv ap³-Iq-«n-¡≠m-Wv _n-sP-]n-bp-sS I-W-¡p-Iq-«-epIÄ. tkm-jy ao-Un-b-bnepw sSIv-t\m-f-Pn-bnepw a-tä-Xv cm-{ão-b-t\-Xm-hn-s\bpw I-S-¯nsh-«p-¶ co-Xn-bn ap-t¶-dp-¶ \-tc-{µ tam-Un-bp-sS tX-cn-te-dn 2014 ho≠pw Xm-a-c hn-cn-bn-¡m-sa-¶ {]-Xo-£-bn-em-Wv ]mÀ «n. sam-ss_ t^m¬ D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS-bpw CâÀ-s\-äv D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-h-cp-sS-bpw, s^-bv-kv-_p-¡v Szn-äÀ Xp-S-§nb tkm-jy s\-ävhÀ-¡nw-Kv ssk-äp-I-fn k-Po-h-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶h-cp-sSbpw F-®-¯n h-cp-¶ A-`q-X-]qÀ-Æam-b hÀ-[-\ a-täXp cm-{ão-b-]mÀ-«n-I-tf-¡mfpw Kp-Ww sN¿p-I X-§Ä-¡m-sW¶p-f-f {]-Xo-£-bn-em-Wv _n-sP-]n t\-Xm-¡Ä. sam-ss_ t^m¬ D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS F-®w G-Xm-≠v 80 tIm-Sn-bn-e-[nI-amWv, tkm-jy aoUn-b D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS F-®-amI-s« F-«v tIm-Sn-bn-e-[n-Ihpw. CXn s^bvkv-_p¡v D]-t`m-àm¡Ä 78 anÃyWpw SznäÀ D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä 20 anÃyWpw hcpw. 18-þ25 hb-Ên-\n-S-bn-ep-f-f-h-cmWv `qcn-`mKw tkmjy aoUnb bqtk-gv-kpw. Cu I-W-¡p-I-fmWv _n-sP-]n-bpsS {]-Xo-£IÄ-¡v bp-àn \Â-Ip-¶Xv. tam-Un-sb tam-U-em-¡n ]-e cm-{ão-b t\-Xm-¡fpw tkm-jy aoUn-bbn k-Po-h-am-Im³ h³-]-²-Xn-I-fm-Wv X-¿m-dm-¡p-¶Xv. F-¶m sSIv-t\m-f-Pnbp-sS am-b-bn P-\-a-[y-¯n kzm-[o-\-ap-≠m-¡m³ ]mÀ-«n a-d-¶m Xm-a-cbv¡v- hm-Sm³ X-s¶-bm-bn-cn¡pw hn[n.

TEACHING GRANDMOTHERS TO SUCK EGGS: tkmhnb-äv bq-Wn-b-s\bpw ssN-\-sbbpw Bân d-h-eyq-jWdn F-¶v C-FwF-kv hn-ti-jn-¸n-¨-Xn-s\ B-kv-]-Z-am-¡n 1972 i-¦À h-c-¨ ImÀ-«q¬


C´y³ k-¼-Zvhy-h-Ø-bp-sS k-a-{K-hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v hgn-sXfn-¡p-¶ A-´-co-£w kw-Pm-X-am-¡p-I-sb¶-Xv k-¼m-Zyhpw \n-t£-]hpw kw-cw-`-§fpw t{]mÕm-ln-¸n¡p-¶-Xn-\v A\n-hmcy-amWv. C-Xn-\v k-lm-b-Ihpw A\p-tbm-Py-hpam-sbm-cp \o-Xnhy-h-Øbpw thWw. P-h-lÀ-em s\-lvdp

AbÂ-cm-Py-§-fp-am-bn ku-lr-Zw ]p-eÀ-¯m-\p-Å C-´y-bp-sS {i-a-§Ä-¡n-S-bn A-XnÀ-¯n-bn B-{I-a-W-§Ä B-hÀ-¯n¡p-I-bmWv. B-{I-a-W-§Ä-¡v t\-XrXzw \Â-Ip-¶-hÀ C-´y-bpsS £a-bv-¡v ]-cn-[n D-s≠-¶v a-\-Ên-em-¡Ww. {]-W_v ap-JÀ-Pn, cm-{ã]Xn {][m-\-a{´n a³-tam-l³ kn-§nsâ kzm-X-{´y-Zn-\k-tµ-iw cmPy-s¯ P-\-§Ä-¡v {]-tNmZ-\w \Â-Ip-¶XÃ. {]-kw-K-¯n {]-[m-\-a{´n ]m-In-Øm-s\-Xn-sc i-àam-b `m-j-bn {]-Xn-I-cn¡p-sa-¶m-Wv Rm³ I-cp-Xn-bXv. \-tc-{µ tam-Un, Kp-P-dm-¯v ap-Jy-a{´n Kp-P-dm-¯n 25 i-X-am-\w ap-Éo-§fpw ]n-´p-W-bv¡p-¶p-sh-¶ tam-Un-bp-sS {]-kvXm-h-\ A-Sn-Øm-\-c-ln-Xam--Wv. ap-Éo-§Ä-¡v hy-àam-b Im-gv-N-¸m-Sp-IÄ D≠v. A-X-\p-k-cn-¨v A-hÀ i-cnbm-b Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä F-Sp-¡pw. d-jo-Zv BÂ-hn, C-´y³ \m-jW tIm¬-{KÊv kzm-X-{´yZn-\ k-tµ-i§Ä a-äp-Åh-sc Ip-ä-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶ X-c-¯n D-]-tbmKn-¡p¶-Xv i-cnbm-b Io-gvhg-¡aÃ. C-¡mcy-¯n cm-{ão-bw I-eÀ-¯p¶-Xv i-cnbÃ. hn-aÀ-in-¡m³ am-{X-ap-Å H-cp {]-kv-Xm-h-\bpw {]-[m-\-a-{´n-bp-sS `mK-¯v \n-¶p-≠m-b-Xm-bn Rm³ I-cp-Xp-¶nÃ. FÂ-sI A-Zzm-\n, `m-cXo-b P\-Xm ]mÀ«n ap³ A-\p-`-h-§-fn \n¶pw ]mT-apÄ-s¡m-Åm-\m-bn-sÃ-¦n km-¼¯n-I N-cn{Xw B-hÀ-¯n-¡pw. km-¼¯n-I hn-I-k-\¯n {i-²-bq-¶p-t¼mÄ ]-W-s¸-cp-¸-¯n {]-Xn_-²-X Im-t«≠n h-cpw. A-Xv h-fÀ-¨m hn-cp-²aÃ. Un kp-º-dm-hp, dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v ap³ K-hÀWÀ

hnhm-ZaÃ, hn-I-k-\-am-Wv B-h-iyw... hnjvWp sP sP \mbÀ

\-b-]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fp-sS A`m-ham-tWm bp-hm¡sf

Wv ]-e-t¸mgpw bp-hm-¡-fp-sS B-h-iy-§Ä A-cm-{ão-b-hm-Z-¯n-te¡v Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡-s¸\-bn-¡p-¶-Xv ? Sm-¯Xv. ]qÀ-®-ambpw A-§s\ cm-{ão-b-¯n ]-d-bm³ I-gn-bnÃ. cm-{ãoam-äw B-{K-lnb-]mÀ-«n-I-fp-sS kzo-Im-cy-X¡p-¶ ta-J-e? bv¡pw cm-{ão-b-t\-Xm-¡-fp-sS hn-hm-Z-aà hn-izm-ky-X-bv¡pw C-Sn-hv hn-I-k-\-am-Wv kw-`-hn-¡p¶-Xv bp-hm¡-sf C¶-s¯ X-eapap-Jy-[m-cm cm-{ão-b-¯n \n d B-h-iy-s¸-Sp¶pw A-I-äp-¶p≠v. cm-{ão¶Xv. F-¶m b-]mÀ-«n-IÄ \n-e-]m-Sp-I-fn hn-hm-Z-§-fn \n¶pw ]n-t¶m-¡w t]m-Ip-¶am{Xw {i-²Xpw, cm-{ão-b-t\-Xm-¡-fn bq-¶m\m-Wv \n-¶pw {]-Xo-£n-¡p-¶ am-\yNn-e cm-{ãoXbpw a-cym-Zbpw sh-¨p-]pcm-{ão-b-]mÀ-«n-I-fp-sS b {]-ØmeÀ-¯n s]m-Xp-k-aq-l-¯n-sâ kzo-Im-cy-X-bv¡pw cm-{ão\-§Ä¡pw hn-izm-kw BÀ-Ön-¡m³ I-gnb-t\-Xm-¡-fp-sS hn-izmam-[y-a-§Ä¡pw bm-sX t]m-Ip-¶-Xpw C-Xn-\v ky-X-bv¡pw C-Sn-hp kwXmÂ-¸-cyw. Im-c-W-amWv. am-{X-aà bp`-hn-¡p¶-Xp bp-hm¡-sf A-\m-h-iyam-b hm¡-sf cm-{ão-b-th-Zn-I-fn ap-Jy-[m-cm cm-jv-{So-b-¯n hn-hm-Z§-sf am\n¶pw am-än-\nÀ-¯p-¶-Xn-\m\n¶pw AI-än \nÀ-¯pän-\nÀ-¯n-s¡mbn {i-a-§Ä \-S-¡p-¶pap≠v. ¶p-sh-¶v A-`n-{]m-b-s¸≠v hn-I-k-\ bp-h-P-\-kw-L-S-\-IÄ amSp-¶p bq-¯v tIm¬-{K-kv -cm-{ão-b-¯n-\v Xr-kw-L-S-\-I-fp-sS N-«p-Iw kwØm-\ {]-knUâ v Uo³ {]m-[m\yw B-Ip-¶p-t≠m ? Ip-cym-t¡mkv. hn-ZymÀ-°n \Â-Ip-¶ cmbp-h-P-\ t\-Xmhv F-¶ \nbq¯v- tIm¬-{KÊv, sI{ão-b-ssi-en e-bn \n-ch[n {]-hÀ-¯-\F-kv-bp kw-L-S-\-I-fp-sS h-cWw. §Ä Im-gv-Nsh-¨ C-t±-lw Im-cy-sa-Sp-¯m Ah H-cnhn-I-k-\k-a-Imen-I cm-{ão-b-s¯¡epw am-Xr-kw-L-S-\-bp-sS k-¦Â¸w? ¡p-dn-¨pw \m-Sn-sâ hn-I-k-\N-«p-I-am-bn-cp-¶nÃ. Nn-e hn-jtemI-¯ns¯-¸-än-bp-ap-Å X-sâ b-§-fn s]m-Xp-a-\-km-£nse G-ä-hp-a-[nkz] v \ § Ä Fa ÀP nM v tIc ¡v A-\p-Iq-eam-b Xo-cp-am-\Iw sN-dp-¸-¡mf-tbm-Sp ]¦-ph-bv-¡p¶p. §Ä F-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ A-Xv cp-Å cm-Py-am-Wv am-Xr-k-w-L-S-\-bp-sS A-`n-{]m C-´y. 540 anb-§-tfm-Sv tNÀ-¶p\nÂ-¡pw. D-Zm-l-c-Wey¬ sN-dp-¸-¡m-cp-sS a-\p-jy-hn-`-hambn I-gn-ª X-h-W s]³-j³-{]m-bw ti-jn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n-s¡m-≠p-Å hÀ-²n-¸n-¨-t¸mÄ hf-sc ]-Izam-b \n-ehn-I-k-\-am-Wv kz-]v-\w- Im-Wp-¶-Xv. B ]m-Sm-Wv bq¯v-tIm¬-{K-Êv kzo-I-cn-¨Xv. hn-Ik-\w H-cp {]-tXy-I hn-`m-K-§Äbp-h-P-\-cm-{ão-b-¯nsâ A-P-≠ Xo-cp¡n-Sbn-tem, {]-tXy-I {]-tZ-i-§fntem am\n-¡p-¶-Xn bq¯v- tIm¬-{K-Ên-\v H-Xp-§n-\nÂ-t¡-≠-h-bÃ. A-h P-\-kuam-äm-cp-tSbpw A-\p-hm-Zw B-h-iy-anÃ. lmÀ-±-]-c-am-bn-cn-¡Ww, {]-Ir-Xn kuG-II-£n I-em-e-b-§Ä hn-ZymÀ-°nlmÀ-±-]-c-am-bn-cn-¡Ww. IÄ-¡n-S-bn cm-{ão-b-t¯m-Sv hn-ap-Jbp-hm-¡Ä-¡n-S-bn h-fÀ-¶p h-cp-¶ X kr-ãn¡p-tam ? A-cm-{ão-b-hmZ-s¯ sN-dp-¡m³ bq¯vP-\m-[n-]-Xy-¯n-sâ A-´k¯ FtIm¬-{K-Ên-\v F-s´m-s¡ sN-¿m³ XnÀ-A-`n-{]m-bw ]-d-bp-¶-h-cp-sS A-`nI-gn-bpw ? {]m-b§-sf am-\n¡p-I F-¶-XmWv. Xp-S-¡-¯n ]-dª-Xv t]m-se bpF-¶m A-hk-cw e-`n-¡p-t¼mÄ Fh-X-e-apd-sb cm-{ão-b-¯n-te-¡v B-IÀXnÀ-kw-L-S-\I-sf A-Sn-¨-aÀ-¯n-bm-Wv jn-¡m-\p-Å h-gn A-h-cp-sS hn-izmky-X G-II-£n I-em-e-b-§Ä D-bÀ-¶p-h-cpBÀ-Ön¡p-I F-¶-XmWv. bp-h-P-\¶Xv. C-Xv Xn-I¨pw P-\m-[n-]-Xy-hn-cp-²kwL-S-\ F-¶ \n-e-bn bp-hm-¡-fpsS hn-izmky-X BÀÖn-¡p-¶-Xn-te-¡v kw-L-S-\-I-fpw, ]p-tcm-K-a-\]-cw F-¶v th-≠n _-lphn-[ {]-hÀ-¯-\§ -- fp-am-bn A-h-Im-i-s¸-Sp-¶ ^m-kn-Ìv kw-L-S-\-I- bq¯v-tIm¬-{K-Êv ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Ipfp-am-Wv C¯-cw G-II-£n I-em-e-b-§- I-bmWv. hn-I-k-\-¯n A-Sn-bp-d-¨ fp-sS h-àm-¡-fm-bn am-dn-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. cm-{ão-b-am-Wv `q-cn]-£w bp-hm-¡fpw cm-{ão-b-XmÂ-¸-cy-§Ä-¡-¸p-dw bp-h-PB-{K-ln-¡p-¶Xv. bq¯v-tIm¬-{K-Ên-sâ \-kw-L-S-\-IÄ H-cp-an-¨v \nÂ-t¡-≠\n-e]mSpw A-Xv X-s¶-bmWv. H-cn-¡epw Xn-sâ B-h-iyI-X? cm-{ão-b-{]-Øm-\§-sf am-än-\nÀ-¯n ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Im³ cm-Py-s¯ bp-hmbp-h-P-\§-sf _m-[n-¡p-¶ hn-j-b¡Ä B-{K-ln-¡p-¶nÃ. \-ã-s¸«p-t]m-b §-fn s]m-Xp-\n-e-]m-Sn-\v A-\p-kr-Xhn-izmky-X ho-s≠-Sp-¡m³ C-hnS-s¯ am-bn bp-h-P-\-kw-L-S-\-I-fpsS sF-Iycm-{ão-b ]mÀ-«n-IÄ¡pw t\-Xm-¡Ä¡pw t¯m-sS-bp-Å \n-e-]m-Sv A-\p-Iq-eam-b I-gn-ªm bp-hm¡-sf Iq-Sp-X-embn Xo-cp-am-\-ap-≠m-¡m³ A-\n-hm-cy-amWv. Cu cw-K-t¯-¡v B-IÀ-jn-¡m³ I-gnbpw cm-{ão-b XmÂ-¸-cy-§Ä-¡-\p-k-cn-¨v F-¶v X-s¶-bm-Wv hn-izm-kw. \n-e-]m-Sp-IÄ kzo-I-cn-¡p-¶-XpsIm-≠m-

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Bie n i t s Ju Age

19

-bmW -iw. 2 p-J Im-\-U ¿-sâ kz-tZ I-s¯ {]a nm ] ´ e ] t ³ tk-j Xm-sg-bp-ff -`-I-cn ap³ o-XÊn-\v -bÀ kw-cw t]m-¸v kw-K b anÃy-W v _o_À. m-hp-saÃmam  bn-em-Wpw A-`n-t\-X-©zÀ Im-¸n-ä -¼-\nÚ\ À H-cp sh mWv. ]-e Ip-≠v. ss_-_-ÌÀ Iq-Sn-b v \n-t£-]-a nÃy¬ C³-shpw _o_-dn-\ p-k-cn¨v 110 am-\w. o i s i I-fn-e e I-W-¡-\ -dn-sâ h-cp-a Alo 2012 s -dm-Wv _o-_ tUm-f

D Nick Age

So-t\-Pv anÃy-WÀ-am-cp-sS B-[p\nI temI-¯v kw-cw-`I-Xz-¯n-te-¡v I-S-¡m³ {]m-bw H-cp am-\-Z-Þ-aÃm-XmIp-¶p. 14þmw h-b-Ên kwcw-`-I-\m-bn B-tKm-f {i-² ]n-Sn-¨p ]än-b kp-lm-kv tKm-]n-\m-Yn-s\ t]m-ep-f-f-hÀ C-´y-bn X-s¶-bp≠vv. kwcw-`-I-Xz-¯n-\v {]m-bw H-cp ]-cn-[n-b-sÃ-¶v sX-fn-bn¨ tem-I-s¯ Nn-e "So³' F³{S-{]-tW-gv-kn-s\ ]-cn-N-b-s¸Sp-¯p-I-bm-Wv C-hn-sS. X¿m-dm-¡n-bXv: Zn]n³ Zmtam-Z-c³

À _o_ t]m-¸v sk³- ³ n P-Ì v Cu 0 h-b

18

\n-¡v Un A-em-bvk n-tbm

{_n-«o-jv hw-i-P\m b³ kw-cw-`-I\pw Iw -b Hm-kv-t{S-ena-dpw Un-ssk-\-dp-saÃ-]yq-«À t{]m-{KmaÄ-«n-\m-j-W \yq-km-am-Wv \n¡v. t{]m-{Kmam-b kw-en- hnv A-{Kn-tK-j³ Sp¯-Xv \n-¡m-Wv. 15m -I-kn-¸n-s¨sSIv-t\mf-Pn cwK-¯ w h-b-Ên ¸n-ä ^≠v kzo-I-cn-v sh-©zÀ Imãn-¨p \n¡v. bm-lp-h¨v N-cn{Xw krtUm-f-dn\v kw-en hn-än-\v 30 anÃy¬ F-¡m-e-s¯bpw G-ä v temI-s¯ ª kw-cw-`-I-cn-sem-chpw {]m-bw Ip-dmÄ F-¶ t]-cv t\-Sn \n¡v.

mwKv {_-bm³ th -Un-b³ kw-cw-`-I\m-b

-t\ ssN-\o-kv I ¶ sam-ss_ B-¹nF v ] n19þmw I , m³ {_-b m-]n¨-Xv X-sâ-ssS-knwØ n \ ¼ I A-UzÀ t¡-j³ n-¸nv. sam-ss_ h-b-Ên-emW p-Xn-b ]m-X Xp-d-¡m³ Im-bn â ] v a s v Kv cwK-¯ Im-¸n-ä C³-sh-Ì \\v km-[n¨p. -[n-Iw tUm-fÀ In-¸n-\v t e n15 anÃy-W p. Sm³ km-[n¨

ong Age

W Brian

Im-a-dq¬ tPm¬ -k¬

22

H-¼Xmw h-b tPm¬-k¬ X-s-Ên-em-Wv Im-a-dq¬ Xp-S-§p-¶Xv. ss â B-Zy kw-cw-`w ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡p-¶l-kv-IqÄ ]T-\w temI-s¯ G-äh-Xn-\v ap-¼v X-s¶ `-I-cn H-cm-sf-¶pw hn-P-bn-¨ kw-cwdq¬. ssl-kv-I Jym-Xn t\-Sn Im-aXn-\v ap-¼p-f-f IqÄ ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡p-¶1 anÃy¬ tUm-f m-a-dq-Wn-sâ h-cp-am-\w À.

-_n³k¬m d t ¬ m am-Un-k  \nÀ-½

Age

15

son

bin o R n iso

Mad 12

son

Came

ohn ron J

Age

27

m-c p-f-f A-¸ ¬ Ip-«n-IÄ-¡nk¬ tdm_n³k {] S U s pm W-amWv a 15 Im-cn an-Sp-¡n-bm-f-dn-e-[nF-¶ Cu -e. 1 anÃy¬ tU¬ F¶ [m-\ ta-J -\-bm-Wv am-Un-k kw-cw-`w Iw hnÂ-¸v-km-kp-Im-cn-bp-sS h-hn-[yCu sS-I Xv. _n-kn\-Êv ss p-¸n-em-Wv \-S-¯p-¶ m-\p-f-f X-¿m-sd-S hÂ-¡-cn-¡ m-Unk¬ C-t¸mÄ a


P o w e r

C H A N G E am-ä-§-fp-am-bn H-cp kw-cw`w

am-dp¶ tem-I¯v, G-sd am-ä-§-fp-am-bn H-cp kw-cw`w, hnime sIm-¨n-bp-sS tjm-¸nw-Kv

F-´mWv change? change F-´m-sW-¶-dn-b-W-sa-¦nÂ, D¯-cw C-¯n-iymw A-ÐpÄ e-¯o-^v F-¶ bp-h-kw-cw-`-I³ \ÂIpw. hn-etbdn-b h-kv-Xp-¡Ä-¡v ]n-¶m-se ]mªv \-S-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v, sNdn-b sN-ehn tem-tIm-¯-c {_m³-Up-I-fn-se DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä kz-´-am-¡m-\mIpw F-¶v sX-fn-bn-¡p-I-bm-Wv 23-Im-c-\mb I-®qÀ kz-tZ-in sN-bv-©v F-¶ tjm-¸nw-Kv skâ-dn-eqsS. sIm¨n t_ -ss{]Uv amfnemWv sNbv©nsâ tjmdqw. temI-s¯ h³In-S {_m³-Up-I-fp-sS sN-cp-¸pIÄ, _m-KpIÄ, s_-Uv-joäv, PzÃdn Xp-S-§n F´pw C-hn-sS e-`y-w. FÃm I-S-I-fnepw A§-s\ X-s¶-btÃ, ]n-s¶ F-´m-Wv

C-¯n-iymw A-ÐpÄ e-¯o-^v

k-¦Â-¸§-sf am-äna-dn-¡p-¶ Cu kw-cw-`-¯n-sâ t]cv change. t]cn-se sN-bv-©v B-i-b-¯nepw {]-hÀ-¯-\-¯nepw {]-Xn-^-en-¸n¡p-¶ Cu Øm]-\w CXn-t\m-SIw P-\-{i-² t\-Sn-¡-gnªp.

sN-bv-©v F-¶ tjm-¸nw-Kv skâ-dn-sâ {]-tXy-IX F¶ kwibw tXm¶mw. A-Xn-\p-Å D-¯-chpw I-®qÀ kztZ-inbmb C-¯n-iymw X-s¶ ]-d-bpw."sN-bv-©v F-¶ Cu tjm-¸nw-Kv skâ-dn-sâ Bi-bw a-äv tjm-¸nw-Kv skâ-dp-I-fn \n¶pw hy-Xy-kv-X-amWv. FÃm DÂ-¸¶-§fpw H-cp-an-¨Ã C-hnsS hnÂ-¸-\ \-S-¯p-¶Xv. Hmtcm am-khpw Hm-tcm-tcm DÂ-¸-¶-§-fm-bn-cn¡pw sN-bv-©n e-`y-am-¡p-I. AXpw tem-tIm-¯-c {_m³Up-I-fp-sS F-Iv-kv-¢q-ko-hv DÂ-¸-¶§Ä. H-cp am-kw sN-cp-¸p-IÄ am-{X-am-Wv hn¸-\-sb-¦nÂ, A-Sp-¯ am-kw se-X-À _m-Kp-IÄ am-{X-am-bncn-¡pw, A-Xn-\-Sp-¯-amkw, s_-Uv-jo-äpIÄ. CXv Hmtcm am-khpw am-dn am-dn h-cpw, A-Xv X-s¶-bm-Wv sN-bv-©v F-¶ t]-cv AÀ-°-am-¡p-¶Xpw" C-¯n-iymw ]-d-bp¶p. kuZn, Cu-Pn-]väv, PÀ½\n, kzoU³, \yq-kn-emâ v Xp-S§n-b cm-Py-§-fn \n-¶m-Wv {]-[m-\-ambpw D¸-¶-§-Ä C-d-¡pa-Xn sN¿p-¶Xv. Cu DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä

o f

I d e a s

G-ähpw Ipd-hv em-`w am-{X-sa-Sp-¯m-Wv tjm-dq-an hnÂ-¸-\-bv-¡v F-¯n-¡p-¶Xv. A-Sp-¯-am-kw ]p Xn-b DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä tjm-¸n Øm-\w ]n-Sn-¡p-t¼mÄ, _m-¡n h-¶-h tKm-Uu-Wn-te-¡v am-äpw. B-h-iy-¡mÀ¡v C-h th-W-sa-¦n hm-§n-¡mw, hn-e-bn t\cn-b hÀ-²-\-hp-≠m-Ip-sa-¶v- am-{Xw. Hmtcm am-khpw am-dp-¶ DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS hn-h-c-§Ä sN-bv-©v t^-kv-_p-¡v t]Pn e-`y-amWv. A-Xn-eq-sS, C¯n-iymw Hm¬-sse³ tjm-¸nw-Kn-s\bpw {]-tam-«v sN-¿p¶p. ""DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä Rm³ t\-cn-«m-Wv ]À-t¨-kv sN-¿p¶Xv. hy-Xy-kv-Xam-b B-ib-s¯ {]tam-«v sN¿p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv {]-[m-\-sa-¶-Xn-\m sIm-Å-em-`-¯n-\p ap-Xn-cp-¶nÃ. Iq-Sp-X D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä I-S-bn-se-¯pt¼m-gm-Wv h-cp-am-\w hÀ-²n-¡p-¶Xv. C-hn-sS hnÂ-¡p-¶ DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä FÃmwX-s¶ D-¶-X\n-e-hm-c-ap-Å C-d¡pa-Xn DÂ-¸-¶-§-fm-b-Xn-\m Kp-W\n-e-hm-c-¯n bm-sXm-cp hn-«p-ho-gv-N-bp-anÃ. Eterno Borsa, Le Tanneur, Re, Country Road Xp-S§n-b CâÀ-\mj-W {_m³-Uv se-XÀ _m-Kp-IÄ ]p-d-¯v 18000 ¯n-\p ap-I-fn hn-e h-cp-t¼mÄ C-hn-sS 3000þ6000 ¯n-\p C-S-bn D-]-t`màm-¡Ä¡v kz-´-am-¡mw. Ip-d-ª sN-e-hnÂ, D-bÀ-¶ Kp-W-ta·-bpw, {_m-³Up-ap-Å DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä- P-\-§Äs¡-¯n-¨v tjm-¸nw-Kv A-\p`-hw hy-Xy-kv-X-am-¡p-I-bpw, A-Xn-eq-sS _n-kn-\-kn X-tâXm-b H-cn-Sw I-s≠-¯pI-bp-am-sW-sâ e-£yw'' C-¯n-iymw Iq-«n-t¨À-¡p¶p. 10 e-£w cq-] ap-XÂap-S-¡n 2013, amÀ-¨n B-cw`n¨ Cu kw-cw`w, CXn-t\mS-Iw th≠-{X em-`w t\-Sn¡-gnªp. h-¶-hÀ h-¶-hÀ ho≠pw ho≠pw h-cp¶Xv change F-¶ B-i-b-¯n-sâ kzo-Imcy-X hÀ-²n-¸n-¨n-cn¡p-¶p. \yq-kn-eân sIm-ta-gvky ss]-e-änw-Kv ]Tn-¨ C-¯n-iymw, kw-cw-`-I-\m-Im-\p-d¨-Xv hy-Xy-kv-Xam-b B-i-b-§-fn-eq-sS _n-kn\-kv temI-¯v Np-h-Sp-d-¸n¡mw F-¶ B-ß-hn-izm-k-¯n-emWv. C´y-sbm-«msI change irw-J-e hym-]n-¸n-¡-W-sa-¶v B-{K-ln-¡p-¶ C-¯n-iymw X-sâ tjm-¸nw-Kv skâ-dn-sâ A-Sp-¯ im-J D-S-³ I-®q-cn Xp-d-¡m-\p-Å Xnc-¡n-em-Wv. ]n-¶oSv tI-c-f-¯n-se a-äv PnÃ-I-fn-te-¡pw tI-c-f-¯n-\p ]p-dt¯¡pw change hym-]n-¸n-¡pw. C-{Xbpw sNdn-b {]mb-¯n kw-cw-`-I-\m-Ip-I, ss]e-äv B-Im³ ]Tn-¨n-«v _n-kn-\-kp-Im-c-\m-Ip-I. C-Xn-s\m-s¡ Imc-Ww F-s´¶p C-¯n-iyman-t\m-Sv tNm-Zn-¨m a-dp]-Sn C-§s\, Hcp change BÀ-¡m-Wv C-ã-aÃm¯Xv?

\n§Ä-¡v kn-en-¡-¬hm-en-bn-te-¡v

t]m-I-tWm? temI-¯n-se ]-e-`mK-§-fn-em-bp-Å hn-ÀNzÂ

C³Iyp-t_-ä-dp-I-fp-sS `mK-am-bn B-tKm-f-X-e-¯n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ hy-àn-bmWv Rm³. B {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä-¡n-S-bn A-ta-cn-¡ A-S-¡-apÅ tem-I-cm-Py-§-fnse bp-h-kw-cw-`IÀ¡n-S-bn \n¶pw Rm³ ]-e-t¸mgpw tIÄ-¡p¶ tNm-Zy-am-Wv kn-en-¡¬-hm-en-bn-te-¡v t]mIp-¶-Xn-s\¸än. F-sâ A-`n-{]m-b-¯n kn-en-¡¬hm-en hf-sc sN-e-th-dn-b-XmWv. \-sÃm-cp sh-©zÀ Im-¸n-ä _m-¡n-wKv CÃm-sb-¦n kn-en-¡¬-hm-en kv-ämÀ-«v- A¸pIÄ-s¡m-cp shÃp-hn-fn-bm-Ipw. am-{Xaà bphkw-cw-`-I-cp-sS {]m-cw-`-Im-e-¯n C¯-cw shÃphn-fnIÄ t\-cn-«v ap-t¶m«p-t]m-Ip¶-Xv H«pw F-fp-¸-hpaÃ. \n-§-fp-sS Øm-]-\-¯n-\v H-cp ^-≠n-wKv tkm-gv-kv CÃm-sb-¶v I-cp-Xp-I. {]-Xn-am-kw \n-§Ä-¡v A-hn-sS Po-hn-¡m³ Ip-d-ªXv 2,000 tUm-fÀ sN-e-hm-Ipw. \n§-fp-sS t{]mP-Îv ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡m-\mbn 15 F-³Pn-\nbÀ-am-scsb¦nepw \n-§Ä¡v A-hn-sS \n-b-an-t¡-≠n h-cpw. F-´p sN-¿m³ I-gn-bpw? \n-§Ä-¡v ^-≠v CÃmsb-¦n i-¼-fw t]mepw \Â-Im³ I-gn-bnÃ. C-hn-sS \n-§Ä-¡v {]-[m-\-am-bpw c-≠v Im-cy-§-fm-Wv B-h-iyw. hy-IvXam-b Im-gv-N-¸mSpw hy-àn-{]-`m-h-hpw. kn-en-¡¬-hm-en-bn Ht¶m ct≠m aqt¶m t]-sc i¼-fw \Â-ImsX, Hml-cn A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n sXm-gn sN-¿m³ £-Wn-¡p-I. F-{X-t]À Xbm-dm-Ipw. FÃmh-cpw B £-Ww \n-cm-I-cn-¡m-\m-Wv km-[y-X. Cu \n-e-bn \n-§Ä-s¡m-cn-¡epw H-cp an-I-¨ tIm-w-]n-äoäÀ ÌmÀ-«vA-¸v B-Im³ I-gn-bnÃ. F-¶m kn-en-¡¬hm-en-bn ap-t¶-dm-\p-Å kÀ-h-k-¶m-l-§-fp-am-bm-Wv \n-§Ä F-¯p-¶-sX-¦nÂ, \n-§-sfm-cp km-aÀ-°yap-Å kw-cw-`-I-\m-sW-¦n Cu shÃp-hn-fnI-sf A-Xn-Po-hn¡m³ km-[n-¡pw. F-¶m A-Xn-\v \n-§Ä-¡v ^-≠v {iaW an{X

ti-J-cn-¡m³ I-gn-bWw. F-bv-©Â ^-≠n-wKv A-S-¡ap-Å ^-≠v ti-J-c-W-am-bn-cn¡pw Cu Im-e-§-fn \n-§Ä A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-¡p-¶ {][m-\ shÃp-h-nfn. AÃmsb-¦n \n-§Ä kz-ta-[-bm \n-t£-]w \-S-¯m³ Bkv-Xn-bp-Å H-cp Xp-SÀ-kw-cw-`-I-\m-bn-cn-¡Ww. F-¶m a-säm-cp \n-t£-]I-sâ k-lm-b-anÃm-sX kw-cw-`-I-cw-Kt¯-¡v Nph-Sphbv-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n A-Xp hen-sbm-cp ]-co-£-W-am-bn-cn-¡pw. \n-§-fp-sS kw-cw-`-I-`qan-I sX-sc-sª-Sp-t¡≠-Xv hf-sc I-cp-X-tem-sS thWw. \n-§Ä bpF-kv amÀ-¡-änte-¡v t]m-Im³ X-¿m-sd-Sp-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n A-hn-sS G-ähpw A\p-tbm-Pyam-b \K-cw {i-²-tbm-sS sX-scsª-Sp-¡Ww. C-{k-tb I-¼-\nbm-b s]À-s^tÎm A-ta-cn-¡-bn-te-¡v t]m-sb-¦nepw A-hÀ knÂ-¡¬-hmen-¡v ]I-cw sX-sc-sª-Sp¯-Xv t_m-kv-ä¬ B-bncp¶p. ^-ew Ip-d-ª aÂ-k-cm-´-co-£-¯n an-I-¨ {]-IS-\w ]p-d-s¯-Sp-¡m³ A-hÀ-¡v I-gnªp. C-tXkabw C-´y³ I-¼-\n {[p-h kn-en-¡¬-hm-en-bn-se¯n an-I-¨ {]-IS-\w Im-gv-N-sh¨p. kn-en-¡¬-hm-en am-{Xaà kw-cw-`-§Ä-¡v h-f-¡q-dp-Å a®v. Acn-tkm-W, sNss¶ Xp-S§n-b H-«-\h-[n sN-dp-\-K-c-§-fn h-fÀ-¶v kw-cw-`-I -`q-]-S-¯n-sâ s\-dp-I-bn-se¯n-b H-«-\h-[n I-¼-\n-I-fp≠v. ssd-äv \u sâ Øm-]-I\m-b t{K-Kv P-bn³-t^mÀ-«v hÀ-j-§Ä-¡v ap-¼v F-t¶m-Sv ]-d-ªn«p-≠v A-t±-l-¯n-sâ Po-hn-X-¯n-se G-ähpw an-I-¨ Xo-cp-am-\w sam-´m-\-bn Øm]-\w Xp-S§nb-Xm-bncp¶p. sNe-hv hf-sc Ip-dhv. Po-hn-X-\n-e-hm-c-amI-s« hfsc D-bÀ-¶-Xpw. ]nÂ-¡m-e-¯v ssd-äv \u 1.3 _n-ey¬ tUm-f-dn-\v H-dm-¡nÄ G-sä-Sp¯p. XoÀ-¨-bmbpw tem-I-¯n-sâ hn-hn-[ `m-K-§-fn \n ¶pw P-\-§Ä kn-en-¡¬-hm-en-bn-te-¡v F-¯p-¶p≠v. H-cp-]m-Spt]À hn-P-bw t\-Sp-¶p-ap≠v. F-¶m Rm³ ]-d-ªp h-¶-Xv Xo-cp-am\-§Ä \-½p-tS-Xv am-{X-am-IWw. aoUnb ssl-¸p-IÄ¡pw a-äv _m-ly-L-S-I-§Ä¡pw \-s½ kzm-[o-\n-¡m³ I-gn-b-cpXv.

13


S t a r t u p

kwcw-`-IXzw

Hcp kwi-bw A-I-äm³ hn-Z-Kv-[m-`n-{]m-bw A-dn-b-Ww. F-¶m kw-i-b-aIän H-cp Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn\p k-lm-bn-¡m³ B-cp-anÃ. A-¯-c-sam-cp {]-Xn-k-Ôn-sb A-`nap-Jo-I-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ k-lm-bn-¡m³ F-¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶p, Un-ssk-Uv Izn¡v. hy-Xykv-Xam-b B-i-b-¯n-sâ B-hn-jv-Im-c-hp-am-bn Xp-S-§n-h-¨ Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡v F-¶ kw-cw-`w H-cp-]m-Sp t]-cp-sS tNm-Zy-§Ä¡pw kw-i-b-§Ä¡pw a-dp]-Sn \Â-Ip¶p. ]-e-cp-sSbpw Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä th-K-¯n-em-¡m³ k-lm-bn-¡p¶p. kw-ib-§tfm tNmZy-§-tfm F-´p-amI-t« D¯-cw Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡n-eq-sS A-dn-bmw. {In-bm-ß-Ihpw \q-X-\-hp-am-b ]p-Xp-X-eap-d kw-cw-`-¯n-s\m-cp D-Zm-l-c-W-am-bn ap-t¶-dp-I-bm-Wv Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡v F-¶ sh_v-ssk-äv... C sI \yqkv_yqtdm

kwi-bw Zp-co-I-cn-¡mw, A-`n-{]m-b-a-dn-bmw... e-fn-X-am-Wv Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡n-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-coXn. G-Xp kw-i-bhpw Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡n ]cn-tim-[n-¡mw. A-Xn-s\-¸-än-bp-Å ]qÀ-®-hn-h-c-§fpw hn-Z-Kv-[-cp-sS A-`n-{]m-bhpw s]m-Xp-P-\-§-fp-sS Im-gv-N-¸mSpw ssk-äneq-sS e-`y-am-Ipw. k-am-\am-b A-`n-cp-Nn-I-fp-Å kp-lr¯p-¡-fp-sS (Tribe) A-`n-{]m-bhpw {]-tXyIw e-`n-¡pw. C-sXÃmw ]cn-tim-[n-¨v ssk-äv X-s¶ H-cp td-änwKpw \Â-Ipw. ]pXn-b s{]m-U-Îp-IÄ hm-§m³ D-t±-in-¡p-¶hÀ-¡v \n-e-hn-se D-]-tbm-àm-¡-fp-sS A-`n-{]m-bhpw A-dn-bmw. C-Xn-eqsS anI-¨-h sX-sc-ª-Sp-¡m-\p-Å A-h-k-c-w e-`n-¡pw. \n-§Ä-¡-dn-tb-≠ Im-cy§Ä C-âÀs\-än e-`y-aÃm-sb-¦n B tNm-Zyw ssk-än t]m-kväv sN-¿m\pw A-Xphgn a-äp-Å-hÀ¡v I-aâ v sN-¿m-\p-Å ku-I-cyhpw Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡n-ep-≠v. Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw kz-tZ-inIfm-b j-aoÀ Xml, P-b-kq-cy, knw-K-¸qÀ ] u-c\m-b ImÀ-¯n-Iv F-¶n-h-cmWv Cu \q-X-\ kw-cw-`¯n-\v ]n-¶nÂ. ]Xn-s\m-¶v amk-s¯ \nc-´-c K-th-j-W-§Ä¡pw A-t\z-j-W-§Ä¡pw HSp-hn-em-Wv Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡n-sâ P-\\w. t^kv_p-¡v

jaoÀ

t]m-epÅ tkm-jy ao-Un-b-I-fn-eq-sS k-aq-l-¯n-se XmÂ-¸-cy-§fpw B-h-iy-§fpw Xn-cn-¨-dn-ª ti-j-am-bncp-¶p AhÀ Cu cw-K-t¯-¡v Np-h-Sp-h-¨Xv.

A-t\z-j-W-§Ä A-\h-[n Aw-Ko-Im-c-§-fpw... Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡n F-¯p¶ tNm-Zy-§Ä A-[nIhpw C-e-Iv-t{Sm-Wn-Iv DÂ-¸-¶-§-sf-¸-än-bp-Å-Xm-Wv. A-XnÂ-¯-s¶- sam-ss_ t^m¬, Iym-a-d Xp-S§n-b-h-sb-¡p-dn-¨p-Å kw-i-b-§-fm-Wv A-[n-I-hpw. Hm-t«m-tam-«o-hv cw-K-s¯-¸-änbpw hn-t\m-Z-ta-J-e-sb¡p-dn-¨p-sam-s¡ [m-cm-fw A-t\z-j-W-§Ä Zn-\w-{]-Xn F-¯p-¶p-s≠-¶v Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡v knC-H j-aoÀ Xm-l ]-d-bp¶p. C-Xp-h-sc G-I-tZ-iw 23000 t¯m-fw kw-i-b§Ä Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡v h-gn Zq-cn-I-cn-¨p-I-gnªp. P-\-§-fp-sS B-h-iy-§f-dn-ª Cu B-i-b-¯n-\v \n-ch[n Aw-Ko-Im-c-§fpw tX-Sn-sb-¯p¶p Øm-]-\¯n-sâ {]m-cw-`-Im-e-L-«-¯n Xs¶ Next big idea F¶ C³Iyp-t_-äÀ Øm]\w UnsskUv Izn¡n Hcp-e£w tUmfÀ C³sh-Ìv sNbvXp. ssa-t{Imtkm^v-äv _n-Kv-kv-]mÀ-Iv-kv ÌmÀ-«vA-¸v C-´y N-e-©-kn 10 an-I-¨ C-´y³ I-¼-\nI-sf sX-cs-ª-Sp-¯-t¸mÄ

S u c c e s s

ImÀ¯nIv

Pb-kqcy

ku-¯v C-´y-bn \n-¶p-Å B-Zy-s¯ I-¼-\n-bm-bn Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡v. ssa-t{Imtkm-^v-äv B-Iv-kn-te-äÀ t{]m-{Km-an ss^-\-en-Ìv BWv Cu a-e-bm-fn kw-cw`w. C-Xp-Iq-Sm-sX 1000 kw-cw-`-§-sf sX-cs-ª-Sp-¡m-\p-Å \m-kv-tImw 1000 kv-ämÀ-«vA-¸v-kv F-¶ ]-cn-]m-Sn-bn tSm-¸v 8% I-¼-\n-I-f-p-sS \n-c-bnepw C-Sw-]n-Sn-¨p.

CþsIm-ta-gv-kv ¹mäv-t^m-am¡p-I e-£yw... 2012 P-\p-h-cn-bn-emWv Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡n-\v {]-hÀ¯-\-¯n\v B-h-iyam-b ^-≠v e-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. C-t¸mÄ G-I-tZ-iw H-¶-c hÀ-jw ]n-¶n-«n-cn-¡p¶p. C-¶v ]-t¯mfw Po-h-\-¡mÀ Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡n tk-h-\-a-\p-ãn¡p-¶p. c-≠v L-«-am-bn-«mWv Cu sh_v-ssk-äv {]-hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n-¨Xv. B-Zy-L-«am-bn sX-cs-ª-Sp-¡-s¸-« Ip-d-¨p-t]À-¡v am{Xw ssk-än-sâ tkh-\w e-`y-am-Ip¶ BÂ-^-bp-sS dn-eo-knw-Kv 2012 \-hw-_-dn-epw c≠mw L-«am-bn s]m-Xp-P-t\m-]-tbm-K-¯n-\v ]qÀ-®-k-Öam¡nb _o-äm dn-eo-knw-Kv 2013 P-\p-h-cn-bn-epw \-S-¶p. k-ao-]-`m-hn-bn Xs¶ Un-ssk-Uv Izn-¡n-s\ H-cp Cþ sIm-ta-gv-kv ¹mäv-t^mw B-¡m-\p-Å {i-a-§Ä ]p-tcm-Kan-¡p-I-bmWv. tI-c-f-¯n th-cp-I-fp-Å H-cp B-tKm-f C-âÀ-s\-äv tk-h-\-Zm-Xm-¡-fm-bn h-f-cp-I-sb-¶-XmWv Cu bp-h-kw-cw-`-I-cp-sS kz-]v-\w.

kwcw-`-I klm-bhp-ambn bp-h-P-\-t£-a-t_mÀUv sXmgn A-t\z-j-Icm-b bp-h-P-\§-sf sXm-gn-ÂZm-Xm-¡-fm-¡n am-äm³ tI-c-f kw-Øm-\ bp-h-P-\t£a

t_mÀ-Un-sâ ]²Xn. kw-cw-`-I-cm-Im³ B-{K-ln-¡p-¶ bp-hm-¡Ä-¡mWv t_mÀ-Un-sâ ]-²-Xn {]-tbm-P-\-s¸SpI. km-¼-¯n-Iþkm-t¦Xn-I k-lm-b-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶ ]-²-Xn-¡v A-l-½-Zm-_m-Zv tI-{µ-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ F-³{S{]-tW-gv-kv U-h-e-¸v-saâ v C³-Ìn-äyq-«v Hm-^v C-´y-bp-ambn (C-UnsF-sF) I-cmÀ H-¸n-«p I-gn-ªp. B-Zy-L-«-am-bn Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pcw, Xr-iqÀ, h-b-\m-Sv F-¶o PnÃ-I-fn- \-S-¸n-em-¡p-¶ ]-²Xn hn-P-b-I-c-ambm a-äp PnÃ-I-fn-te-¡pw- hym-]n-¸n-¡pw. B-h-iy-amsW-¦n Cu kw-cw-`-¯n-\v kwØm-\ kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ kw-cw-`-I-Xz hnIk\ anj-sâ tkh-\w Iq-Sn {]tbmP\s¸-Sp-¯p-sa¶v bp-h-P-\t£a t_mÀ-Uv ssh-kv sN-bÀ-am³ ]nF-kv {]-im-´v ]-d-ªp. B-Zy-L-«-ambn kw-cw-`-I-cn \n¶pw A-t]-£IÄ £-Wn-¡pw. A-`n-cp-Nn-bp-Å G-sXm-cmÄ¡pw A-t]-£n¡mw. A-t]-£s¡m-¸w A-hÀ lm-P-cm-¡p-¶ t{]m-P-În\-\p-kr-X-am-bn-«m-bn-cn¡pw [-\-k-lm-bhpw s{S-bn-\nwKpw \Â-Ip-I. F³{S-{]-tW-gv-kv U-h-e-¸v-saâ v C³-kv-än-äyq«v Hm-^v C-´y-bn-se hn-Z-Kv-[-cp-sS t\-Xr-Xz¯n-em-bn-cn¡pw s{S-bn-\nwKv. \n-b-ah-i§Ä, ^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pv-saâ v, amÀ¡-äv ÌUn, I-ta-gvksse-tk-j³, amÀ¡-äv en-¦nwKv F-¶o ta-J-e-I-fnepw ]-cn-ioe-\w \-ÂIpw. KÄ-^n \n¶pw sXm-gn \-ã-s¸-«v Xn-cn-¨v h-cp-¶h-sc Iq-Sn e-£y-an-«m-Wv ]²-Xn B-kq-{X-Ww sN-bv-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. H-cp PnÃ-bn ap-¸¯n-b©vv- t]-c-S§n-b B-dv _m-¨p-IÄ-¡m-bn-cn-¡pw ]-cn-ioe-\w \Â-IpI. ]-cn-io-e-\-¯n\pw km-t¦Xn-I k-lm-b-§Ä¡pw am-{X-am-bn H-cp _m-¨n\v c-≠-c e-£w cq-]-bm-Wv t_mÀ-Uv sN-e-h-gn-¡p-I. _m-¦v tem-W-S-¡-apÅ km-¼¯n-I k-lm-b-§fpw aäv km-t¦Xn-I k-lm-b-

14

bph-kw-cw-`-IÀ¡pÅ klmb¯nsâ Icm-À C-UnsF-sF Ub-d-IvSÀ tUm Znt\iv AhkvXnbnÂ\n¶v a{´n ]n sI Pb-e£van Gäp-hm-§p-¶p. bph-P-\-t£a t_mÀUv sshkv sNbÀam³ ]n Fkv {]im´v, sa¼À sk{I-«dn eoem½ XpS-§n-b-hÀ kao]w §-fpw \ÂIpw. ]-²-Xn-bn ]-¦m-fn-bm-hp-¶ F-gp]-Xv i-X-am-\w bphm¡-sf an-I-¨ kw-cw-`-I-cm-¡n am-äp-sa¶v C-Un-sF-sF Dd-¸v ]-d-bp¶p. A-§-s\-bm-sW-¦n G-I-tZ-iw \qänC-cp-]-tXm-fw an-I-¨ bp-h-kw-cw-`Isc Hmtcm PnÃbv¡pw e-`n-¡pw. Hmtcm PnÃ-bv¡pw A\p-tbm-Pyam-b kw-cw-`-§sf¸än C-Un-sF-sF dn-t¸mÀ-«v X-¿m-dm-¡n-bn-«p≠v. A-Xnsâ A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n XmÂ-¸-cy-ap-Å ]-²-Xn-I-fn-te-¡v bp-h-Xnþbp-hm-¡Ä-¡v A-t]-£n-¡mw. kz-´w B-i-b-§-

fp-am-bn h-cp-¶ bp-hm-¡Ä¡pw ]n´p-W \Â-Ip-sa¶vv t_mÀ-Uv t{]mPÎv Hm-^o-kÀ A-\p F-kv \m-bÀ ]-dªp. [-\-k-lm-b-hpw ct≠m aqt¶m B-gvN-s¯ s{S-bn-\nwKpw \-Â-In kw-cw-`I-sc ]-d-ªphn-Sp-¶-XmWv ]-Xn-hv. F-¶m Cu Io-gvh-g¡-¯n-\v hn-cp-²-ambn Øm-]-\-¯nsâ Hmtcm ap-t¶ä-¯nepw ]-¦m-fn-bm-Ip-I-bpw, em-`-I-c-am-Ip¶-Xv h-sc A-h-iyam-b ]n´p-W \Â-Ip-¶-Xpamb hy-Xy-kv-Xhpw bp-h-P-\-ku-lmÀ-±-]-c-hpamb ]-²-Xn-bm-Wv bph-P-\ t£a t_mÀ-Un-tâXv.


S o c i a l

E n t r e p r e n e u r s h i p

Hcp {KmaoW _n]n-H-bpsS hnPbw

\Â-Ip-¶ tk-h-\§Ä Generate, Populate and Moderate content Digitization - Scanning and Data Entry Live chat responses Mailroom activities New Business set-up Project Management Secondary Research Transcription Translation Beta testing of web products Localization of web products Website monitoring Custom

{Km

-ao-W Po-hn-X-¯n-sâ Nq-cdn-bm-¯ k-tem\n aÂ-tlm-{X F¶ 23 h-b-kp-Im-cn-bp-sS Po-hnXw am-än-a-dn¨Xv sF-sF-Sn a-{Zm-kn-se s{]m^-kÀ A-tim-Iv -Pp³-Pp³hm-e GÂ-¸n-¨ Zu-Xyam-bn-cp¶p. {Km-ao-WcwK-¯v H-cp _n-]n-H B-cw`n-¡p-I, sXm-gne-h-k-c-§Ä kr-ãn¨p-sIm≠v km-aq-ly]-cn-jv-Ic-Ww bm-YmÀ-°y-am¡p-I F-¶o Np-a-X-eIÄ G-sd {]-Xo-£t-- bm-sS-bmWv A-hÄ kzo-I-cn-¨Xv. B-Zy c-≠p-X-h-Wbpw ]-cmP-b-am-bn-cp-¶p ^ew. ho≠pw H-cp {i-aw- Iq-Sn. FÃm-h-scbpw A-Ûp-X-s¸-Sp¯n-sIm-≠v A-hÄ hn-P-b-¯n-sâ sIm-Sn \m«n. {Km-ao-WcwK-¯v iàam-b th-cp-I-fpw, hn-izm-ky-X-bp-ap-Å _n-]n-H B-bn B Øm]-\w h-fÀ-¶p. C-´y³ kw-cw-` -Icw-Kw {]-hÀ-¯-\ ]-cn-N-b-¯n\p am{Xw ap³Xq-¡w \Â-Ip-¶ Im-e-L-«-¯n A-tim-Iv Pp³ -Pp³-hm-e I-s≠¯nb hy-Xy-kv-Xbm-b Cu kwcw-`-I-bm-bn-cp¶p k-tem-\n aÂ-tlm-{X. kw-cw`w C¶v hn-iz-{]-kn-²-am-bn amdnb tZ-in{Iq-hpw.

XpS¡w kz´w Po-hn-X-¯n Fs´-¦nepw hy-Xy-kv-X-am-bn sN-¿-W-sa-¶ B-{K-l-¯n \n-¶m-bn-cp-¶p F³Pn-\nb-dnw-Kv _n-cp-Z-[m-cn-bm-b k-tem-\n aÂ-tlm-{X tZin{Iq F-¶ C-´y-bn-se B-Zy-s¯ dq-d _n-]n-H (_n-kn\-kv t{]mkkv Hu«v-tkm-gv-knw-Kv t]m-fnkn) bv¡v XpS-¡w Ip-dn-¡p-¶Xv. \-K-ctI-{µo-Ir-Xam-b _n]nH cwK-s¯ {Km-a-§-fn-te-¡pw Iq-Sn F-¯n-¡p-hm-\p-Å {i-a-am-Wv tZ-in{Iq F-¶ Øm-]\-s¯ hy-Xy-kv-X-am¡n-b-Xv. UÂ-ln-bn-se \m-K-cnIPo-hn-X-¯n-sâ B-Uw_-c-§-fn \n-¶v X-an-gv-\m-«n-se {Km-ao-WPo-hn-X¯n-sâ ]-¨-¸n-te-¡p-Å ]-c-Im-b-{]-th-i-am-bn-cp-¶p B-Zy-shÃphn-fn. B shÃp-hn-fn A-Xn-Po-hn-¨Xn-s\m-¸w B-i-b-]-cambn Bcpw Nn-´n-¡m¯ aq-¶v hyXykv-X Im-cy-§Ä H-cp-an¨p tNÀ-¡m-\pÅ {i-a-§fpw B-cw-`n¨p. {Kmaw, km-t¦-Xn-IhnZy, kw-cw-`-IXzw F-¶o aq-¶v hy-XykvX B-i-b-§-sf ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn tImÀ-¯n-W-¡p-¶-Xn AhÄ hn-P-bn-¨-t¸mÄ, tZ-in-{Iq k-am-\-X-I-fnÃm-¯ hnP-bw t\Sn. ]p-dwtem-Iw A-]-cn-jv-Ir-XÀ F-¶pw, hn-I-k-\hn-tcm-[n-IÄ F¶pw ap-{Z-Ip¯n-b DÄ-\m-S³ {Km-a-§-fp-sS km-[y-X-I-fn-te-¡p-Å B-Zy-s¯ ImÂ-sh-

tZ-in{Iq C¶v cm-Py-s¯ ]-e {]-tZ-i-§-fn-em-bn ]-e `m-j-IÄ kw-km-cn¡p-¶ hy-àn-IÄ tPm-en sN-¿p-¶ hen-b km-{am-Py-am-Wv tZ-in{Iq C¶v. tk-h-\ ta-J-e-bn-se hy-Xy-kv-X-am-b k-ao]-\-§-fn-eq-sS tem-I I-¼-\n-I-fp-sS hn-izm-kw t\-Sn-sb-Sp¡m\pw C-h-À-¡v km-[n-¡p-¶p-≠v. C³-j-pd³-kv amÀ¡-äv dn-kÀ-¨v , CâÀ-s\äv, CþK-thW³-kv Xp-S§n-b ta-J-e-I-fn I¼-\n \-S-¯p-¶ {]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä G-sd h-ep-XmWv. kw-Xr-]v-Xcm-b D-]-t`m-àm¡sf kr-ãn¡p-I F-¶p-Å-Xm-Wv G-Xp Øm-]-\-¯n-sâbpw G-ähpw hen-b shÃp-hn-fn. F-¶m 2003 Cu 23 Im-cn B-cw-`n-¨ Cu -Øm]-\w Kp-W-ta-· -sIm-≠pw, k-a-b-\njvTsIm≠pw D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS a-\-kn e-Ï{]-XnjvT t\-Sn-bn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. bv¸v. km-t¦-Xn-Ihn-Zy-bp-sS k-lm-b-t¯msS G-sd sXmgne-h-k-c-§fpw em-`hpw kr-ãn-¨p-sIm≠v H-cp km-aqlnI ]-cn-jv-I-c-Whpw tZ-in{Ip C-´y³ {Km-ao-WcwK-¯v bm-YmÀ-°y-am-¡n-. H-cp X-c-¯n C-´y³ P-\-X-bp-sS B-ßm-hn-s\ sXm-«-dnª kw-cw-`w F-¶-Xn-sâ ]-cym-bam-bn am-dn Cu {]-Øm-\w.

hn-P-b-¯n-sâ c-k-X{´w C-´y-bn-se _n]n-H C³-U-kv-{Sn {Km-ao-WcwK-s¯ I-gn-hp-IÄ ]-c-amh-[n D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶p-≠v. tZ-in{Iq F-¶ kw-cw-`hpw C-Xp X-s¶-bm-Wv e£yw sh-bv¡p¶Xv. F-¶m sNdn-sbm-cp hy-Xym-kw am-{Xw. FÃm I-¼-\n-I-fp-sSbpw sXm-gn hn-]q-eo-Ic-Ww \-K-ctI-{µo-Ir-X-w am-{Xam-bn ]-cn-Wan¡p-t¼m-Ä tZ-in{Iq sXm-gn-em-fnI-sf tX-Sn {Km-a-§-fn-te-¡v sNÃpw. c-≠v A-SnØm-\ Im-cy§-sf ]-cn-K-Wn¨p-sIm-≠m-bn-cp-¶p I¼\n Cu hn-¹-h-I-c-am-b Xo-cp-am-\w ssI-s¡m-≠Xv. sXm-gn-en-S-§-fn an-X-am-bn Iq-en sIm-Sp-¯psIm-≠v sNe-hp Np-cp-¡p-hm-\p-Å {i-a-§Ä FÃm I-¼-\n-Ifpw \-S-¯n-h-cp-¶p≠v. C-Xv I-¼\n-bp-sS \ne-\nÂ-¸n-\pw A-Xym-h-iy--amWv. F-¶m \-K-c-§-fn-se Po-hn-Xs¨-e-hv D-bÀ-¶-Xm-bXp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ e-`n-¡p-¶ h-cp-am-\w Xn-I-

bm-sX h-cp¶-Xv {Kmao-W sXm-gn-em-fn-I-Ä-¡v _p-²n-ap«v kr-ãn¡pw. C-Xp sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS sXm-gnÂ-i-àn-sb £-bn-¸n-¡pw. A-Xv hn-]-Wn-¡pw I-¼-\n-¡pw A-{X KpW-I-caÃ. C-´y³ {Km-a-§-fn 130 an-ey¬ hn-Zym-k-¼-¶cmb sXm-gnÂc-ln-XÀ D-s≠-¶m-Wv I-W-¡p-IÄ hy-à-am-¡p¶Xv. C-h-cp-sS sXm-gn kz-]v-\-§Ä ]q-h-Wn-b-W-sa¦n \m-KcnI sXm-gnÂkm-[y-XI-sf I-s≠-t¯-≠n-bncn-¡p¶p. A-hn-sS-bm-I-s« ]-cn-an-Xamb A-h-k-c-§fpw, Pohn-Xs¨e-hv Iq-Sp-X-ep-amWv. Cu km-[y-XI-sf D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n {Km-a-¯n¯-s¶ sXm-gn \Â-Iphm³ km-[n-¨m A-Xn-eq-sS c-≠p t\-«-§Ä sIm-¿mw. H-¶v I-¼-\n-bp-sS i-¼-fbn-\-¯n-se sNe-hv Ip-dbv-¡p-I-bpw, Iq-Sp-X em-`w t\-Sp-Ibpw sN¿mw F-¶ hn-]-Wn-bp-sS B-h-iyw. c-≠v sXm-gne-h-k-c-§Ä {Km-a§-fn kr-ãn¡p-I h-gn sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS kw-Xr-]-vXnbpw D-d-¸m-¡mw. hn-]-Wn-bp-sSbpw k-aq-l-¯n-sâbpw B-i-b§-sf C-¯-c-¯n k-a-\z-bn-¸n-¡m³ I-gn-ª-bn-S-¯m-Wv tZin{Iq F-¶ Øm]-\w A-Ûp-X-§Ä Im-Wn-¨Xv. C-Xp Iq-Sm-sX X-s¶ hf-sc Np-cp§n-b sN-e-hn _n-kn\-kv \-S-¯p-¶-Xn-\m D-]-t`m-àm-¡-sf e-`n¡ptam F-¶ B-i-¦-bv¡pw C-hnsS A-Sn-Øm-\-anÃ.

15


W O M E N

kwcw-`-IXzw

+

E N T R E P R E N E U R

tkh-\-bp-sS kmcYn A{]-Xo-£n-X-am-bn kw-cw-`-I-cw-K-s¯-¯n-b h\n-X-bm-Wv tk-h-\ sa-Un-\o-Uv-kv Fw-Un _n-\p ^n-ent¸mkv. C-¶v Z-£n-tW-´y-bn-se {]apJ ssh-tZym-]I-c-W \nÀ-½m-Xm-¡-fm-bn Cu kw-cw-`w h-fÀ-¶n-cn-¡p¶p. {]-Xn-hÀ-jw ]-¯v tImSn cq-]-bpsS hn-äp-h-c-hv t\-Sp¶ tk-h-\ sa-Un-\o-Uv-kn-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS h-gn-IÄ _n-\p ^n-en-t¸mkv F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbmSv ]-¦p-h-bv-¡p-¶p.

kp-lr-¯n-s\ k-lm-bn-¨v kw-cw-`-I-bm-bn.. _n-sSIv hnZymÀ-Yn-\nbm-bn-cn-s¡ kw-cw-`-I-temIt¯-¡v I-S-¶p-h¶-bm-fm-Wv tk-h-\ sa-Un-\o-Uv-kv Fw-Un _n-\p ^n-en-t¸mkv. a-äp-Åhsc t]m-se F³-Pn-\n-b-dnw-Kv cw-Kam-bn-cp-¶p _n-\p-hn-\v XmÂ-¸-cyw. F-¶m C-cp-]-¯n-sbm¶mw h-bkn A-{]-Xo-£n-X-am-bn kw-cw`I-temI-¯v F-¯p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. ]nXm-hnsâ kp-lr-¯n-\pth-≠n FIvtÌ-W bq-dn³ ImX-ädpIÄ \nÀ½n-¡m³ Xo-cp-am-\n-¨-Xm-bn-cp-¶p h-gn-¯n-cn-hm-b-Xv. A-¶v G-I-tZ-iw 40 cq-] ap-X 80 cq-] h-sc-bm-bn-cp-¶p FIvtÌW bq-dn³ ImX-ädnsâ hn-e. AXp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ km-[m-c-W¡mÀ¡v CXnsâ D-]-tbm-Kw hen-b km-¼-¯n-I`m-cw D-≠m-¡n-bncp-¶p. C¯-cw ImX-ädpIÄ \nÀ-½n-¡p¶-ps≠-¶-dn-ª-tXm-sS [m-cm-fw B-fp-IÄ ImX-ädn\m-bn _n-\phns\ k-ao-]n-¨p. A§-s\-bmWv Cu cw-Kt¯-¡v IS-¶p h-cm³ _n-\p ^n-ent¸mkv Xo-cp-am-\n-¨-Xv. _n-kn-\-ÊpIm-c\m-b ]n-Xm-hn-sâ ]n-´p-Wbpw Xp-W-bmbn. d-ºÀ t_mÀUpw kmt¦-XnI k-lm-b-hpam-sb¯n. F-¶m sh-dpw 50000 cq-] am-{X-am-bn-cp-¶p ap-XÂ-ap-S-¡m-bn _n-\p-hn-sâ ssI-¿n D-≠m-bn-cp-¶Xv. hf-sc sN-dn-b-co-Xn-bn-embn-cp-¶p Xp-S¡w. _n-\p-hn-s\ Iq-Sm-sX c-≠v Po-h-\-¡mÀ am{Xw. \nÀ-½m-W¯n-s\mcmÄ, hn-]-W-\-¯n-s\-mcm-Ä. A-©v cq-] \n-c-¡n ImXädpIÄ \nÀ-½n-¨p Xp-S§n. km-[m-c-W-¡mÀ-¡v B-izmkw \Â-Ip-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p Cu hn-e. A-Xp-sIm-≠pX-s¶

16

Sm-sX \n-t£-]-I-cnÂ\n¶pw e-`n-¨ 10 e-£-t¯m-fw cq-]-bpw h-fÀ-¨-bn \nÀ-®m-b-Iambn. H-cp s]¬-Ip«n C¯-c-sam-cp Øm-]-\-hp-am-bn ap-t¶m-«p-h-¶-t¸mÄ B-Zy-am-cpw B Øm-]\-s¯ ]-cn-K-Wn-¡m³ X-¿m-dmbn-sÃ-¶v _n-\p ]-d-bp¶p. _m-¦p-IÄ t]mepw tem¬ A-\p-h-Zn-¨nÃ. B-Zy Im-e-L-«-¯n _m-Kv \nÀ-½mW-¯n-se A-]m-I-X-IÄ hen-b {]-iv-\-am-bn-cp-¶p. hn-ä-gn-¡p-¶-Xn 80 i-X-am-\w DÂ-¸-¶-§fpw Xn-cn-¨ph-cp-¶ Ah-Ø. A-S-¨n-« \nÀ½m-W bq-Wn-äp-I-fn-ep≠m-t¡-≠ DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä Xp-d-¶n-« ho-Sp-I-fn-ep-≠m-¡p¶-Xn-sâ {]-iv-\§Ä. H-Sp-hn C¯-cw \nÀ-½m-W §-sf¸-än Iq-Sp-X ]Tn-¨ _n-\p A-Xn-\-\p-kr-X-am-bn am-ä-§Ä h-cp-¯n-b-t¸mÄ tk-h-\ sa-Un-\o-Uv-kn-sâ h-fÀ-¨ th-K-¯n-em-bn.

D-b-c-§-fn-te-¡v

tk-h-\ sa-Un-\o-Uv-kn-sâ DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä-¡v H-cp-]m-Sv B-h-iy-¡mÀ D-≠mbn. C-¶v 22 DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä tk-h-\ Ip-Spw-_-¯n DÂ-¸m-Zn-¸n-¡p¶p.

am-ä-§-fn-eq-sS h-fÀ-¨... I-Sp¯ km-¼¯n-I {]-iv-\-§-fm-bn-cp¶p {]m-cw-`Im-e-L-«-¯n tk-h-\ sa-Un-\o-Uv-kn\v t\-cn-tS-≠n h-¶Xv. F-¶m d-ºÀ t_mÀ-Un-sâ k-lm-b-¯m km-¼-¯n-I-{]-iv-\§-sf {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡m³ I-gnªp. Iq-

hn-tI-{µoIr-X DÂ-¸m-Z-\-co-Xn-bm-Wv tk-h-\ sa-Un-\o-Uv-kv ]n-´p-S-cp-¶-Xv. H-scm-ä bq-Wn-än-eà DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä \nÀ-½n-¡p-¶Xv. 16 {]-Xy-£-Po-h-\-¡mcp-Å Øm-]-\-¯n-\v Io-gn 15 ]-tcm-£ bq-Wn-äp-IÄ {]-hÀ-¯n-¨p hcp-¶p. tk-h-\ sa-Un-\o-Uv-knsâ Hm-^o-kn Kp-W-\n-e-hm-c \n-b-{´Ww, ]m-t¡-PnwKv, A-kw-kvIr-X h-kv-Xp-¡-fp-sS hn-L-S\w, hn¸-\, hnÂ-¸-\-ti-j-ap-Å tk-h-\-§Ä F¶n-hbpw Dd¸v h-cp-¯p-¶p. C-¶v {]-Xn-hÀ-jw 10 tImSn cq-]-bpsS hn-äp-hchv Cu Øm-]-\-¯n-\p-≠v. ap¶q-tdm-fw Uo-tegvkv tk-h-\ sa-Un-\o-Uv-kn-sâ DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä G-sä-Sp-¡p¶p. FÃm hÀ-j-hpw c-≠v ]pXn-b DÂ-¸-¶§fpw tkh-\m Ip-Spw-_-¯n-te-¡v Iq-«n-t¨À-¡-s¸-Sp¶p. Cu hÀ-jw X-s¶ KÄ-^v cm-Py-§-fn-te-¡pÅ I-bäp-a-Xn B-cw-`n-¡m³ I-gn-bp-sa¶pw _n-\p ^n-en-t¸m-kv {]-Xy-mi {]-I-Sn-¸n¨p. A-ѳ X-¶n-eÀ-¸n-¨ hn-iz-mkhpw A-Xn-cnÃm-¯ ]n-´p-W-bp-am-Wv D-bÀ¨bv-¡p ]n-¶n-se¶v _n-\p ^n-en-t¸m-kv Dd-¨p hn-iz-kn-¡p-¶p. C¶pw _n-\p-hnsâ Hmtcm h-fÀ-¨-bn-epw Ip-Spw-_w H-¸-ap≠v. bq-Wn-äv {S-Ìv Hm-^v C-´y D-tZym-K-Ø-\m-b `À-¯mhpw -{]-hÀ-¯-\-§-sf t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡p-¶p.


F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f tam-«n-th-j-W inÂ-¸-im-e-bn ]-s¦-Sp-¡m³ \-hw-_À H-¶n-\v in-hv tJ-c tI-c-f-¯n-se-¯p¶p

"hnP-bn-IÄ H-cn-¡epw A-km-[m-c-W Im-cy-§Ä sN-¿m-dnÃ. a-dn-¨v A-hÀ km-[m-c-W Im-cy-§Ä A-km-

[m-c-Wamw hn-[-¯n sN-¿p-¶p," G-sd {]-i-kv-Xamb Cu hm-¡p-IÄ \-ap¡v kp-]-cn-Nn-X-am-¡nb-Xv in-hv tJ-c-sb-¶ A-km-[m-c-W hy-àn-Xz-am-bn-cp¶p. tam-«nth-j-W hmÜn, sk-bnÂ-kv s{]m-^-jWÂ, _nkn\-Êv I¬-kÄ-«â v, kz-bw hnP-bw h-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-\v k-lm-b-Iam-b \n-ch-[n ]p-kv-X-I-§-fp-sS c-Nbn-Xm-hv F-¶n§-s\ ]-e-hn-[-§-fn cm-Pym-´-c {]-i-kv-X-\mWv in-hv tJ-c. I¡-cn J-\n-I-Ä kz-´-am-bp-f-f H-cp _n-kn\-Êv Ip-Spw-_-¯n \n-¶v tPm-en tX-Sn A-ta-cn¡-bn-te-¡v Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xn Xp-S§n-b in-hv tJ-c-bp-sS bm-{X C-¶v F-¯n-\nÂ-¡p-¶Xv At\-I-cpsS Po-hn-X-w am-än-a-dn-¡p-¶ AÛpX -DuÀ-Ö-ti-jn-bp-ff tam-«n-thj-W {]-`m-j-I³ F-¶ \n-e-bnÂ. P-\§-sf D-t¯Pn-¸n-¨v A-h-cp-sS b-YmÀ-°ti-jn F-´n-em-sW-¶v I-s≠-¯m³ k-lm-bn-¡p-¶p A-t±-lw. 30 hÀ-j-¯ne-[n-Iw \o-≠p-\n-¶ K-th-j-W-¯n-eq-sS P-\-§-fpsS hy-àn-Xz-hn-Im-k-¯n\pw Po-hn-X-hn-P-b-¯n\pw D-]-Icn-¡p-¶ a-{´-§-fm-Wv A-t±-lw tem-I-¯n-\v ap-¶n sh-¨Xv. Po-hn-X-hn-P-b-§Ä-¡m-bp-f-f k-tµ-i-§-fp-am-bn A-t±-lw tem-I-¯n-sâ C-cp-{[p-h-§-fn-ep-sa¯n. 17 cm-Py-§-fn-em-bn ]-Xn-\m-bn-c-¡-W-¡n-\v P-\-§-sf X-sâ tam-«n-th-j-W {]-`m-j-W-§-fn-eq-sS A-t±-l-¯n-\v kzm-[o-\n-¡m-\m-bn. 1975  Im-\-U-bn- Im-ep-Ip-¯nb-Xv ap-X-em-Wv in-hv tJ-c-bp-sS hn-P-b-\mÄ-h-gn-I-fp-sS B-cw`w. Im-\U-bn Im-dp-IÄ I-gp-Ip¶ tPm-en-bn Xp-S§n-b I-cnbÀ ]n-¶o-Sv C³-jp-d³-kv G-Pân-te¡pw hm-Izw¢o-\À hnÂ-¸-\-¡m-c-\n-te¡pw \o≠p. t]m-kn-äo-hv Xn-¦nw-Kv {]-Nm-c-I\mb t\mÀ-a³ hn³kâ v t]-fn-sâ inÂ-¸-ime-bn ]-s¦-Sp-¯-Xm-Wv X-sâ Po-hn-Xw am-än-a-dn-¨-sX-¶v in-hv tJ-c ]-d-bp-¶p. tImÀ-¸-td-äv tem-I-¯n-sâ {]n-b s{S-bv-\dm-b in-hv tJ-c-bp-sS ss¢â v ]-«n-I-bn ta-gvknU-kv s_³kv, sF-_nFw, tam-s«m-tdm-f, s\sÉ, ep-^v-Xm³-k, PnFw, Xp-S§n-b h-¼³-am-scÃmw D≠v. 16 ]p-kv-X-I-§Ä c-Nn-¨ in-hv tJ-c-bp-sS bp Im³ hn³ (\n-§Ä-¡pw hnPbn¡mw) F-¶ ]p-kv-X-Iw 16 `m-

j-I-fn-embn 2.5 anÃy¬ tIm-¸n-I-fn-e-[n-Iw hn-äv Ncn{Xw kr-ãn¨p. ^-e-{]m-]v-Xn-¡m-Wv {]-Xn-^ew, {]-b-Xv-\¯n-\à F-¶ k-tµ-i-am-bn-cp-¶p bp Im³ hn-¶n-eq-sS A-t±-lw tem-I-¯n-\v ]-IÀ-¶Xv. hnÂ-¸-\-sb¶-Xv a-l¯m-b s{]m-^-j-\m-sW-¶ bm-YmÀ-°y-¯n-te-¡mbn-cp-¶p "bp Im³ hn³' hn-c Nq-≠n-b-Xv. [mÀ-½n-I-X \n-d-ª hnÂ-¸-\-bn-eqsS Cu s{]m-^j-\v A-`n-am\w sIm-≠p-h-cp-¶ s{]m-^-j-W-ep-I-sf kw-_-Ôn-¨v B-Imihpw ]-cn-[n-bp-an-sÃ-¶v A-t±-lw ]-d-bp¶p. I-gn-hnÃm -¯Xp-sIm-≠Ã, a-dn-¨v Pz-en-¡p-¶ B-{K-l-§-fp-sS A`m-h-¯m-em-Wv an-¡- B-fp-Ifpw Po-hn-X-¯n ]-cm-P-bs¸-Sp-¶-sX-¶v A-t±-lw ]-d-bp¶p. hn-P-bn-I-fm-Im³ \n§Ä ]n-´p-S-tc-≠ tN-cp-h-I-fp-sSþX-Xz-§Äþ]-«n-I-bpw, A-h Ir-Xy A-\p-]m-X-¯n- tNÀ-¡m-\p-f-f ]m-N-I-hn[nbpw in-hv tJ-c-bp-sS ]p-kv-X-I-§Ä k-½m-\n-¡p¶p. hnÂ-¡m-\p-f-f \-½-fp-sS I-gn-hm-Wv G-sXm-cp ssIam-ä-¯n-sâbpw hn-P-bhpw ]-cm-P-b-hpw \n-Ý-bn-¡p-¶Xv. "Nn-e sk-an-\m-dp-I-fn Rm³ tIÄ-hn¡m-tcm-Sv tNmZn-¡m-dp-≠v \n-§-fn t\-cn-«p-f-f hnÂ-¸-\ \-S-¯p-¶ F-{X t]-cp≠v? hf-sc Ipd-¨v ssI-IÄ am-{X-ta D-bcq. \n-§Ä G-Xp sXm-gn-se-Sp-¡p-¶-h-cm-Wv F-¶v ssI-IÄ D-bÀ-¯m-¯-h-tc-Sv Rm³ tNm-Zn-¡pw. A-hÀ ]-dbpw Rm-s\m-cp tUm-Î-dm-Wv/Iw-]yq-«À F³-Pn-\o-bÀ/A¡u≠â v F-¶n-§s\. H-cp hnÂ-¸-\-¡m-c³ F-¶-Xn-\v tdm-_À-«v kv-äo-sh³-k³ \Â-Ip-¶ \nÀ-hN-\w Rm³ A-h-cp-am-bn ]-¦p-sh-¡pw. A-t±-lw ]-dª-Xv H-cp DÂ-¸¶w, H-cp tkh-\w A-sÃ-¦n H-cp Bi-bw hn¡p-¶ Bcpw H-cp hnÂ-¸-\-¡m-c-\m-Wv F-¶mWv. Cu \nÀ-h-N-\-¯n-sâ A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n B-cm-Wv hnÂ-¡m¯Xv? H-cp A-½ Iq«n-tbm-Sv X-sâ B-i-b-§Ä hn¡p¶p. A-§-s\-btÃ? C-hn-sS ]-cnK-W-\ km-¼-¯n-IaÃ. ]-t£, ssh-Im-cn-I-amWv. \m-saÃmw \-s½¯-s¶ F-t¸mgpw A-\p-Iq-e-ambpw {]-Xn-Iq-e-ambpw hnÂ-¡p¶p-≠v \-½p-sS \-S¯w, kw-kmcw, thjw, B-fpI-sf Im-Wp-Ibpw A-`n-hmZyw sN-¿p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶ co-XnþCsXÃmw \-s½ ]-än a-äp-ff-h-tcm-Sv ]-d-bp-I-bm-Wv sN-¿p¶Xv. Hmtcm I-¼-\n-bn-sebpw Hmtcm Bfpw Xp-SÀ-¨bm-bn X-s¶ I-¼-\n-¡-\p-Iq-eamtbm {]-Xn-Iq-eamtbm hnÂ-¸-\ \-S-¯p-¶p-≠v."AsX, \n-§Ä¡pw hn¡mw

A-t±-lw H-cn-¡epw kv-Iq-fn H-cp 'kaÀ-°-\m'b hn-ZymÀ-°n B-bn-cp-¶nÃ. ap³-s_-©n-en-cn-¡p-¶ Ip-«nI-sf iÃys¸-Sp-¯p-¶ ]n³-s_-©p-Im-c-\m-bn-cp¶p A-h³. A-h-km\w ]-¯mw-¢m-kn tXmÂ-hnbpw t\-cn-«p. F-¶m C-¶-h³ Po-hn-X-¯nepw _n-kn-\-Ên-epw F§-s\ hnP-bw h-cn-¡m-sa-¶v k-aq-l-¯n-se Gähpw D-¶-X t{i-Wn-bn-ep-f-f-hÀ ap-X km-[m-c-W-¡mÀ h-sc-bp-f-f-hÀ-¡v ]-cnioe-\w \Â-Ip¶p. ]-d-ªp-h-cp¶-Xv in-hv tJc-sb¡p-dn¨v. \n-§Ä¡pw hn-Pbn¡mw F-¶ a{´w P-\§-sf ]Tn-¸n¨psIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ C-´y-bn-se G-ähpw hne-]n-Sn-¸p-ff tam-«n-th-j-W kv-]o¡À F-¶ ]p-kv-X-I-¯n in-hv tJ-c ]-d-bp¶p. "Rm³ Im-Wp-¶-Xn-§-s\-bmWv; hn-]-W-\-am-Wv h-cp-am-\-¯n-sâ t{km-X-ÊpI-sf A-\p-Iq-e-am-¡p-¶Xv. F-¶m hnÂ-¸-\-bm-Wv b-YmÀ-°-¯n h-cp-am-\w sIm-≠p-h-cp-¶Xv. hn-]-W-\-¯n-sâ H-cp {]-{In-b-bm-Wv hn¸-\. A-Xn-sâ ^-ew \Ã-Xm-sW-¦n hn-]W-\w hn-e-a-Xn-¡-s¸-Sp¶p. hnÂ-¸\ tam-i-am-sW-¦n hnÂ-¸\-hn-`m-Khpw hnÂ-¡p-¶-hcpw ]-gn tIÄ-t¡-≠n-h-cpw," A-t±-lw ]-d-bp¶p.

in-hv tJ-c tI-c-f-¯n hn¸-\-tbm-Spw tPm-en-Ø-e-§-fn-se s{]m-^-jW co-Xn-I-tfm-Sp-saÃmw A-\p-Iqe- a-t\m-`m-h-am-bncp-¶nà tI-c-f-¯n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-¶Xv. F-¶m C-¶v {]-I-Sam-b am-ä-§Ä I-≠p-h-cp¶p. tam-«n-th-j-W hm-Ün-I-fp-sS {]-`m-j-W-§Ä XmÂ-¸-cy-t¯m-sS a-e-bmfn-IÄ {i-hn-¡p-¶p. hnÂ-¸-\ hen-b shÃp-hn-fn-IÄ t\cn-tS-≠n-h-cp-¶ km-l-N-cy-¯n-em-Wv in-hv tJ-c ho≠pw tI-c-f-¯n-se-¯p-¶Xv. F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f amkn-I kwL-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶ "bp Im³ hn³' F-¶ G-IZn-\ inÂ-¸im-e-bn hnÂ-¸-\-bp-sS ]pXn-b ]mT-§Ä A-t±-lw ]-IÀ-¶p \Â-Ipw. F´p-sIm-≠v hn-P-bn-IÄ th-dn-«p\nÂ-¡p-¶p-sh-¶ hn-j-b-¯nepw A-t±-lw {]-`m-j-Ww \-S-¯pw. tI-c-f-¸nd-hn Zn-\am-b \-hw-_À H¶mw XobXn sIm-¨n-bn {Iu¬ ¹m-k-bn-em-Wv in-hv tJ-c-bp-sS tam«n-th-j-W t{]m-{Kmw.

19


cle

uadricy

Ford Q

v, n-s¡-Sp¯ e m -\P t k -f-¯n n hn-P-b-knw-lm -sa¼ i ¨ an-I Â-I tem-I m-fpI-sf -\v {]m-[m\yw \t^mÀ-Uv C-¶v -e-I-fn b Å p h -J j -dn I-gnykv-X ta y-sse-tk n-b sl³ kv-s]j v \S-¶p I-bd -km-bn¡pw hy-X ¯n-te-¡ Hmtcm hy-h ¼m-Sp-ap-Å

-

cn{Xw kr-ãn-¡p-I-bpw, N-cn-{X¯n-te-¡v ]pXn-b ]m-X-IÄ sh-«n-¯p-d-¡p-Ibpw sNbv-X Nne-bm-fp-I-fp≠v. tem-Iw Ah-sc a-lm³-am-sc-¶p hn-fn¨p. A-¯-c¯n _n-kn\-kv temI-¯v Ncn{Xw kr-ãn-¨ a-lm³-amcn-sem-cm-fm-Wv sl³-dn t^mÀ Uv. \n-c-´-cam-b {]-b-Xv-\-¯n-\pw, D-Õm-l-¯n\pw A-Ûp-X-§Ä kr-ãn-¡p-hm³ km-[n¡pw F-¶-Xn-sâ D-¯-a D-Zm-l-c-W-amWv Hmt«msam-ss_ cw-K-¯pw, tImÀ-¸-td-äv cw-K¯pw H-cp t]m-se hn¹-hw kr-ãn-¨ sl³-dn t^mÀ-Un-sâ Po-hnXw. A-bÀ-e-≠n th-cp-I-fp-Å H-cp km-[m-c-W IÀ-j-I Ip-Spw-_-¯n P-\n¨v, H-¶c ssa \S-¶v kv-Iq-fn- t]m-bn-cp-¶ sl³-dn t^mÀ-Un-\v kv-IqÄ A-{X kp-JI-c-am-b A-\p-`-h-am-bn-cp-¶nÃ. ^n-kn-Iv-kpw, sI-an-kv{Snbp-sam¶pw A-{X F-fp-¸-¯n h-g-§m-Xn-cp-¶-t¸mÄ t^mÀ-Uv ¢m-Ên-se hn-Ir-Xnbm-b hn-ZymÀ-°n-bm-bn amdn. ^-etam ¢m-Ên-sâ Hcp aq-e-bn H-ä-bv-¡v F-gp-t¶-äp \ nÂ-¡p-I, s]¬-Ip-«n-I-tfm-sSm-¸w C-cn¡p-I Xp-S§n-b in-£-I-fpw. k-b³-kv _p-²n-ap-«m-bn-cp-s¶-¦nepw sa-jo\p-I-fp-sS tem-Iw t^mÀ-Un-s\- F-¡m-ehpw B-th-iw sIm-Ån-¨p. ImÀ-jn-Ihr-¯n ]-c-¼-cm-K-X-am-bn e-`n-¨Xm-sW-¦n-epw, X-sâ ta-J-e A-X-sÃ-¶p Xn-cn-¨-dn-ª

20

sl³-dn t^mÀ-Uv sNbvX-Xv sa-jo-\p-I-fp-sS tem-Iam-b sU-t{Smbn-än-te-¡v sXm-gnÂtX-Sn bm-{X-bmhp-I F-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p. Ahn-sS H-cp sa-jo³ tjm-¸n tPm-enbn {]-th-in-¨ sl³-dn t^mÀ-Uv G-I-tZ-iw aq-¶p hÀ-j-¡m-e-t¯mfw A-hn-sS tPm-en sN-bvXp. C-¡m-e-b-f-hn ]-eX-cw F-³Pn\p-I-fp-sSbpw {]-hÀ-¯-\co-Xn a-\-Ên-em-¡n. Cu A-\p-`hk-¼-¯m-Wv Ir-jn B-hiy-§Ä-¡v D-]-tbm-Kn-¡phm³ km-[n¡p-¶ H-cp {Sm-Î-dn-sâ \nÀ-½n-Xn-bnte-¡v t^mÀUn-s\ \-bn-¨Xv. ¢m-c {_-bân-s\ hn-hm-lw I-gn-¨ sl³-dn t^mÀ-Un-\v Xsâ Hmtcm D-Zy-a-§-fnepw {]-nbX-a-bp-sS ]n-´p-W B-thm-fw e-`n-¨n-cp-¶p. s]-t{SmÄ D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ Hcp Hmt«msam-ss_ F-³Pn³ I-≠p-]n-Sn-¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bn sl³-dn t^mÀ-Uv Zn-\-cm-{X-§Ä Nn-e-h-gn-¨-t¸mÄ ]qÀ-® ]n-´p-W-bp-am-bn ¢m-cbpw H-¸w \n¶p. 1899 em-Wv _n-kn\-kv ]-¦m-fn-Ifp-sS k-lm-b-t¯m-sS sU-t{Sm-bnäv Hmt«m sam-ss_ I¼-\n t^mÀ-Uv B-cw-`n-¡p-¶Xv. C-Xm-Wv ]n-Â-¡me¯v sl³-dn t^mÀ-Uv I-¼-\n-bm-bn am-dn-bXv. H-cp ]m-k-©À ImÀ F-{Xbpw th-Kw amÀ-¡-än-se¯n¡p-I F-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p _n-kn\-kv ]-¦m-fn-I-fp-sS e-£yw. F-¶m Hmtcm tam-U h-cp-t¼m-gpw, C-Xv D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v D-]-tbm-Kn-¡m³ ]-cym-]v-X-am-bn-«nà F-¶p ]d-ªv t^mÀ-Uv F-³Pn³ Iq-Sp-X anI-hpä-Xm-¡p-hm³ {i-an¨p-sIm-≠n-cp¶p. C-Xv _n-kn\-kv ]-¦m-fn-I-fp-am-bn thÀ-]n-cn-bp-¶-Xn-\v C-S-bm¡n. A§s\ Xm³ Øm-]n-¨ Øm-]-\-¯n \n-¶v A-`n-{]m-b-hyXym-k-s¯-¯p-SÀ-¶v ]p-d-¯n-d-t§-≠n-h¶ t^mÀ-Uv s]m-Xp-P-\-§-fn \n¶v Hm-l-cn-bm-bn kz-cq-]n-¨ 28000 tUm-fÀ D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v ]pXn-sbm-cp I¼-\n Øm-]n¨p, AXm-Wv t^mÀ-Uv tam-t«mÀ I-¼\n. t^mÀ-Un-sâ [o-camb Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä ap³ _n-kn\-kv ]-¦m-fnI-sf {]-IS-\w sIm-Ån¨p. sU-t{Sm-bn-än-se G-ähpw hen-b k-¼-¶-cpw, Hm-t«m-sam-ss_ cwK-s¯ A-Xn-Im-bcp-am-bn-cp-¶p AhÀ. A-tkm-kn-tbj³ Hm-^v sse-k³kv Hm-t«m-samss_ am-\p-^m-Iv-N-td-gvkv' F-¶ kw-L-S-\-bn Aw-K-XzanÃm¯ t^mÀ-Un-\v sse-k³-knà F-¶ Im-cW-¯m _n-kn\-kv \-S-¯m³ km-²y-aà F-¶hÀ hm-

Zn-¨p. 1909  tIm-S-Xnbpw C-Xp i-cnh¨p. F-¶m B-dp hÀ-j-¡m-ew \o-≠p\n-¶ \n-b-a-bp-²¯n-s\mSp-hn A-¸oÂ-t¡m-SXn, t^mÀ-Un-\v A-\p-Iq-e-am-bn hn-[n-sb-gpXn. t^mÀ-Unsk-_n³ tPm-_n³ sâ tam-UÂþän Im-dm-Wv F-kv F-kv A-t±ls¯ Hmt«msamsIm-«mcw sIm-«m-cw ss_ cwK-s¯ A-XnIm-b-\m-¡n am-än-bXv. 1908 em-Wv B-Zy än tam-U ImÀ ]p-d-¯n-d-§n-bXv. ]n-¶o-Sp-Å c-≠p ]-Xn-äm-≠p-IÄ-¡p-Ån tem-I-hn]Wn X-s¶ t^mÀ-Uv Io-g-S¡n. A-Xph-sc k-¼-¶-cp-sS am{Xw Ip-¯-I-bm-bn-cp¶ tam-t«mÀ Im-dpI-sf km-[mc-W-¡mc-sâ Iq-Sn hm-l-\-am-¡n am-äp-hm³ t^mÀ-Un-\v I-gn-ª-Xm-Wv G-ähpw hen-b hn-P-bc-l-kyw. X-sâ I-¼-\n-bp-sS em-`-¯n-sâ H-cp hn-ln-Xw tPm-en-¡mÀ-¡mbn ho-Xn-¨p \Â-Ip-hm-\pw, A-¡me-s¯ G-ähpw an-I-¨ i¼-fw A-hÀ-¡p sIm-Sp-¡p-hm\pw t^mÀ-Uv {i-²n¨p. i-cm-icn 2.34 tUm-fÀ i-¼-f-ap-≠m-bn-cp-¶ Im-e-L-«¯n 5 tUm-f-dm-Wv sl³-dn t^mÀ-Uv sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ¡v i-¼-f-am-bn \Â-In-bXv. tPm-en ka-bw F-«p ap-X H³]-Xv h-sc a-Wn-¡q-dp-I-fm-bn sh-«n-¨p-cp-¡n-bXn-s\m ¸w, Znh-kw aq-¶v jn-^v-äp-I-fn-em-bpÅ tPm-en k-{¼Zm-bhpw hy-hkm-b ta-J-e-bn B-Zy-am-bn A-t±-lw A-h-X-cn-¸n¨p. a-\p-jy kv-t\-l-¯n-eq-¶n-bpf--f C¯-cw {i-a-§Ä Np-cp-§n-b Im-e-L-«-¯n-\p-Ån sl³-dn t^mÀ-Un-sâ {]-i-kv-Xn tem-I-sa§pw hym-]n-¸n¨p. an-I¨ sXm-gn-emfn-IÄ X-§Ä-¡v G-ähpw {]-n-bs¸« sXm-gn Ø-eam-bn t^mÀ-Uv I-¼-\n-sb sXc-sª-Sp¯p. t^mÀ-Unsâ {_m³-Uv C-ta-Pv {I-am-Xo-X-am-bn hÀ-²n¨p. ]-s£ A-t¸mgpw {`m-´\mb tkm-jy-en-Ìv F-¶p ]-d-ªv t^mÀ-Un-s\ hn-aÀ-in-¨-hcpw Ip-d-hÃ. sSIv-t\m-f-Pn-bn h-cp¯n-b ap-t¶-ä-¯n-eq-sS Im-dp-I-fp-sS hn-e K-Wy-ambn Ip-d-bv¡p-hm\pw t^mÀ-Un-\p km-[n-¨p. 1908 950 tUm-f-dn-\v hnä tam-U än Im-dp-IÄ 1927 B-b-t¸mtg¡pw sh-dpw 290 tUm-f-dn-\v P-\-§-fn-se-¯n-¡p-hm³ sl³-dn t^mÀ-Un-\v I-gnªp. C-Xv DÂ-¸¶-s¯ Iq-SpX P-\-Io-b-am¡n. Im-e-L-«-¯n-sâ {]-iv-\§-sf an-I¨ co-Xn-bn t\-cn-Sp-hm³ t^mÀ-Un-\p I-gn-ªp. 1914  A-©v tUm-f-dm-bn {]-XnZn-\ i¼-fw hÀ-²n-¸n-¨ sl³-dn t^mÀ-Uv 1929  A-Xv 7 tUm-f-dm-bn D-bÀ¯n. F-¶m aq-¶p hÀ-j-¯n-\p ti-jw B-tKm-f km-¼¯nI am-µys¯-¯p-SÀ-¶v I-¼-\n-bp-sS em-`w Ip-¯-s\-bn-Sn-ªt¸mÄ sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS i¼-fw \m-ep tUm-f-dm-bn Ip-d-bv¡p-hm\pw t^mÀ-Uv a-Sn-¨nÃ. bq-Wn-b-\pI-sf \n-b-{´n-¡p-hm³ th-≠n Nm-c³-amsc \n-tbm-Kn-¨pw, I¼-\n t]m-eo-kn-s\ \n-tbm-Kn¨pw {]-iv-\§-sf X-{´-]-qÀ-Æw t\-cn-Sp-hm³ sl³-dn t^mÀUn-\p I-gn-ªp. {]-iv-\§-sf H-cn-¡-epw `-b-¡m-sX ss[cyambn t\-cn-«v t^mÀ-Uv F-¶ {_m³-Un-s\ P-\lr-Z-b-§-fn-se-¯n-¨ Cu [o-j-W-im-en 1947 G-{]n 7 \m-Wv C-l-tem-I-hm-kw sh-Sn-ªXv. I-gn-hp-Å-bm-fpIsf an-I-¨ i-¼-f-¯n tPm-en-s¡-Sp¯v, kv-s]jy-ssetkj-\v {]m-[m\yw \Â-In hn-P-b-knw-lm-k-\-¯n-te-¡v \S-¶p I-bdn-b sl³-dn t^mÀ-Uv C-¶v tem-I-sa-¼m-Spap-Å Hmtcm hy-h-km-bn¡pw hy-Xykv-X ta-J-e-I-fnÂ


M y

hn-

Lv-t\iz-c I-Sm-£w X-s¶-bm-bn-cp-¶Xv. a-ebm-f ]-c-ky-Nn-{X-§-fn Gähp-a-[n-Iw td-änw-Kv sN-¿s¸-«Xv; H-cp-]m-Sm-fp-I-fp-sS {]iw-k e-`n-¨-Xv. am-{XaÃ, "B sshÂ-Uv sse-^v S-¨v' Rm³ hn-Nm-cn-¨-Xnepw I-fÀ-^p-Åm-hp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. hy-Xy-kv-Xam-b ssS-än tkm-§pwþ(h-cp-¶p)þI-®-©n-¸n-¡p-¶ Un-ssk-\À kmcn-Ifpw h-\y-ar-K-§-fp-sS NSp-e km-¶n-[y-§fpw B 60 sk¡³Uv Nn-{X-s¯ a-t\m-l-c-am¡n. F-s¶ BZyw A-I-än \nÀ¯n-b hn-Lv-t\-izc³, H-cn-¡-ep-sa-s¶ ssI-sbm-gn-bn-sÃ-¶p-Å F-sâ hn-izmks¯ Du-«n-bp-d¸n-¡p-¶ A-\p-`-h-am-bn-cp-¶p F-\n-t¡-In-bXv. C-Xn-\p th-≠n-bm-bn-cp-¶p ]-e cm-{Xn-I-fnepw GtXm \n-Xm-´ {]mÀ-°-\-bn-se¶ t]m-se kÀ-ÆXpw a-d-¶pd-¡-sam-gn¨Xv. \mw sN-¿p-¶ {]-hr¯n, A-Xn-sâ hym-]v-Xn-bp-sS, \n-jv-IÀ-j-X-bp-sS X-e-a-\p-k-cn-¨m-bn-cn¡pw \-ap-¡-Xnsâ {]-Xn^-ew e-`n-¡p-I. sh-dpsX-sbm-cp tPm-enb-§v sN-bv-XmÂ, A-Xv iq-\y-X-bn I-fw h-c-bv¡p¶ t]m-sebn-cn-¡pw. \mw sN-¿p¶ tPm-en-bp-sS ^-ew Im-W-W-sa¶p-s≠-¦n \m-a-Xn A-{X-am{Xw DÄ-t¨À-¶n-cn-¡Ww, A-Xn-\p-Å £-abpw k-ln-jv-Wp-Xbpw a-a-Xbpw D-≠mbn-cn-¡Ww. H-cp]t£, \mw hn-Nm-cn-¡p-¶ X-e-¯n-eÃmbn-cn¡pw \-ap-¡-Xn-s\ F-¯n-¡m³ km-[n-¡p-I. \mw hn-Nm-cn-¡p-¶ X-e-¯n-te-¡v D-bÀ-¯m\pw A-Xn-s\ hnI-kn-¸n-¡m\pw \-ap-¡m-hWw, A-Xn-\p-Å BÀ-Ö-hhpw am-\kn-I ]-Iz-Xbpw thWw. A-Xn-s\Ãm-ap-]cn, \-sÃmcp a-\Êpw thWw. AXv, _n-kn-\-Ênepw ]m-en-¡-W-sa¶m-Wv F-sâ ]£w. AXn-sem-cp {In-bm-ß-I-X-bp-≠v-, \-ho-\-X-bp≠v.

ss{_-U tam-U-epIÄ, tam-U-en-wKv a-{´ C-Xv ]-d-ª-t¸m-gm-Wv Rm-t\mÀ-¯Xv. Cu-b-Sp-¯ Im-e-¯m-Wv io-am-«n-bp-sS Queen's Own Boutique {] tam-jsâ {_m³-Uv s{]m-P-Îp-I-fn-te-¡m-bn Ip-sd tamU-ep-I-sf io-am-«n I-s≠-¯n-bXv. Po-hn-X-¯n-sâ \m-\m X-e-§-fn \n-¶p-Å H-«-\h-[n kv-{Xo-IÄ C-Xn-te-¡v A-t]-£n-¨n-cp¶p. {]-^-j-\-epIÄ, ho-«-½-amÀ, tamU-epIÄ, tImsf-Pv hn-ZymÀ-°n-\nIÄ, BÀ-«n-kv-äp-IÄ sam-¯w 540 F³-{Sn. k-Xy-¯nÂ, Hm-tcm-cp-¯cpw H¶ns\m-¶v an-I-¨-Xm-bn-cp¶p. kv{Xo F-¶ \n-e-bnÂ, kz´w hy-àn-Xz-{]-`m-h-¯nepw I-gn-hnepw B-ß-hn-izm-kw Im-¯p-kq-£n-¡p-¶hÀ. A-h-cpsS Hmtcm N-e-\-¯nepw \n-e-]m-Sp-I-fnepw hy-ànXzw kv-^p-cn-¨n-cp¶p. AXpsIm-≠p Xs¶, A-h-cn \n-¶v H-cp Iq-«w tam-U-ep-Isf kv-{Io-\n-§v sN-bv-sX-Sp¡p-I F¶-Xv h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw {i-a-I-c-am-bn-cp¶p. A-h-km-\w R-§Ä 30 tam-U-epIsf sX-c-sª-Sp¯p. Cu tam-U-epI-sf ]n-¶oSv,

io-am-«n-bp-sS tam-U-en-§v ]-cn-io-e-\-¡-f-cn-bp-sS `m-K-am¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. kz-´w hy-ànXzw Im-¯p-kq-£n-¨v sIm-≠v ]-c-kytam-U-en-§v hn-P-bn-¸n¡p-I A-{X \n-kmc-a-sÃ-¶ Xn-cn-¨-dn-hv A-hÀ-¡v \ÂIn-b k-µÀ-`-§Ä. H-cm-fp-sS A-´À-ap-Js¯, F§-s\ Xn-f-¡-amÀ-¶ hyàn-Xz-¯n-te-¡v D-bÀ-¯m-sa-¶ Hcp 'sse-hv Ì-Un t{]m-{Km-am-bn'cp-¶Xv. ku-µ-cy-k-¦Â-¸§-sf kw_-Ôn-¨ hn-hn-[ A-`n-{]m-bþB-i-b-]-camb ssI-amä§Ä, k-a-\z-b§Ä. an-I-¨ hy-àn-Xz-§Ä \-½p-sS Po-hnX-s¯ F§-s\ kzm-[o-\n-¡p¶p? kzm-[o-\n-¡s¸-Sp-¯m\pw kzm-[o-\n-¸n-¡m\pw I-gn-bp-¶-sX-§s\? \-½p-sS `m-j, kw-km-cw,þt_m-Un emw-tKz-Pp-I-fp-sS {]m[m-\yw. 'F-¶n-se Rm³'þA-eÀ-«m-¡-s¸-« k-µÀ-`-§fm-bn-cp-¶Xv. C-h-tcmsSÃm-am-bn Iq-Sp-X A-Sp¯p. Xe-apd-sb Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªp. A-h-cpsS "th-hv se-§v-Xv' Rm\p-am-bn tbm-Pn-¡p-¶p-sh-¶v A-dn-ªp. t_m-[y-s¸«p; io-am-«n sXc-sª-Sp¯-Xv H-cn-¡epw sX-änÃ; {]-b-Xv\§-sfm¶pw ]m-gm-InÃ. AXpw Kp-cp-Im-c-W-h³am-cp-sS I-Sm-£w sIm-≠p-Xs¶. F-s¶ F-´n-seÃmtam \-bn¸n-¡p-¶, \-bn-¸n¨v-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ a-lm-i-àn-bp-sS A-Zr-iy-In-c-W§Ä.

S t o r y -

Beena Kannan-3

sh-dpsX-sbm-cp tPm-enb-§v sN-bv-XmÂ, A-Xv iq-\y-X-bn I-fw h-c-bv¡p¶ t]mse-bn-cn-¡pw. \mw sN-¿p¶ tPm-en-bp-sS ^-ew Im-W-W-sa-¶p-s≠-¦n \m-a-Xn A-{X-am{Xw DÄ-t¨À-¶n-cn-¡Ww, A-Xn-\pÅ £-abpw k-ln-jv-Wp-Xbpw a-a-Xbpw D-≠m-bn-cn-¡Ww

_o\m I®³

Rm³ kv-{Xo, hyà-X-tbmsS Hmtcm Np-h-Sv sh¸pw kv-{Xo-i-àn-bn A-`n-am-\n-¡p-¶ H-cm-fm-Wv Rm³. A-h-fn a-Ifpw A-½bpw `m-cybpw k-tlm-Z-cnbpw FÃmw IpSn-sIm-Åp¶p. A-h-fp-sS iàn, k-Xy-¯n A-hÄ t]m-ep-a-dn-bp-¶pt≠m F-¶v ]-e-t¸mgpw Rm³ kw-i-bn-¡m-dp≠v. Ah-sf B-Z-cn-¡p-¶ H-cp tem-I¯n-t\ D-bÀ-¨ D-≠m-Iq F-¶v E-jn-hm-Iyw. ]t£, A-Xv F-{X-t]À-¡-dn-bmw ? Rm³ I-cp-Xp¶p, C-hn-sS kv-{XoI-sf D-]-tbm-K-h-kv-Xp-hm-bn Im-Wp¶ tem-I-¯nsâ ImgvN-¸m-Sp-IÄ¡p-Xs¶ amä-ap-≠m-I-Ww. AhfpsS Ign-hp-I-sf BZ-cn-¡p-Ibpw BtÇ-jn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pt¼m-gtà bYmÀ° kv{XoXzw _lp-am-\n-¡s¸-Sp-¶Xv? I-cp¯pw BÀ-Ö-hhpw C-Ñm-i-àn-bp-apÅ kv-{XoI-sf Rm-s\¶pw _-lp-am-\n-¡p¶p. kv-{Xo, F-t¸mgpw A§-s\ X-s¶-bm-hWw. F-¦n-se kz-´w a-\-Ên F-¦nepw A-hÄ-¡n-Sw In«q. ]n-¶o-SXv, temI-¯n-te¡v, hym-]n-¡q... Im-cWw, '\n-e-bp-d-¸n-¡p-I' F-¶-Xmhpw C\n, h-cpw-Im-e-§-fn G-hcpw t\-cn-Sp-¶ shÃp-hnfn. kz-´w hyàn-t_m-[t¯m-sS Xs¶, kv-{Xoi-àn-bm-bn \n-e-bp-d-¸n-¡p-I. h-cp-¶p B Im-e-hpw.. A`n-am-\-]qÀ-Æw Rm\pw F-Xn-tcÂ-¡p-¶p B Im-e-s¯bpw.. "h-cp-¶p h-cp-¶p a-lm-dm-Wn h-cp-¶p.' (Xp-Scpw) X¿m-dm-¡n-bXv: kpan{X kXy³

X-¿m-dm-¡n-bXv: kp-an-{X k-Xy³

21


tImÀ]-tdäv

C sI \yqkv_yqtdm

1887I-fn tI-c-f-¯nse tIm-g-t©-cn F-¶ a-e-tbm-c-{Km-a-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]n-d-¶ ap-¯q-äv IpSpw-

_¯nsâ kw-cw`I ssP-{X-bm-{X H-cp sN-dpIn-S km-¼¯n-I C-S-]m-Sv Øm]-\w F-¶ \n-e-bn \n-¶v hnhn-[ "shÀ-«n-¡-ep-I-fnÂ' \n-t£-]-§-fpw- hy-hkmb XmÂ-¸-cy-§-fp-ap-Å H-cp _-lpapJ tImÀ-¸td-äv I-¼-\n-bm-bn ]pXn-sbm-cp- L-«-¯n-te-¡v F-¯nt¨À-¶n-cn-¡p¶p. tXma-kv tPm¬ ap-¯qäv, tXmakv tPmÀ-Pv ap-¯qäv, tXma-kv ap-¯q-äv F-¶o {Im-´-ZÀ-inIfm-b ]p-Xp-X-eap-d kw-cw-`-I-cp-sS D-Xv-]-Xn-jvWp-X ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ {Kq-¸n-sâ ^v-fm-Kv-jn-¸v I-¼-\nbmb ap-¯q-äv ^n³-tImÀ-¸n-s\ 330 tIm-Sn-bn-e-[n-Iw A-ä-mZm-b-hpw, hÀ-jm-\p-hÀ-jw 100% h-fÀ-¨ t\-Sns¡m-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ km-¼¯n-I i-àn-bpam-bn h-fÀ¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶p. tI-c-f-¯nsâ sF-Sn X-e-Øm-\-am-bnh-fÀ¶p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ Im-¡-\m-Sn-sâ km-[y-X-IÄ ap³-Iq-«n-bdn-ªv, cm-Py-s¯ {]-tXy-I km-¼¯n-I ta-J-e-bn-se tIc-f-¯n-se-¯s¶ B-Zys¯ kzImcy sF-Sn ]mÀ-¡vþap-¯q-äv sSIv-t\m-t]m-fokv (3,55,000 N-Xpc-{ib-Sn-bn \n-ch-[n {]-ikv-X sF-Sn Øm-]-\-§Ä-¡v A-Xn-Yy-a-cp-fp-¶p) Cu {Im-´-ZÀ-in-Xz-¯n-sâ a-säm-cp ap-J-amWv. 18,000 S-®n-\pw, 19,000 S-®n\pw A-Sp-¯phcpw cm-Py-s¯ sam-¯w kzÀ-®-ti-Jcw.

tXma-kv tPmÀ-Pv ap-¯q-äv

tXma-kv tPm¬ ap-¯q-äv

Hmtcm hÀ-j-hpw 800\pw 1000\pw CSbv-¡v kzÀ-®w C-d-¡pa-Xn sN-bvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p¶p. Cu ti-J-c-¯nsâ 40e-[n-Iw i-X-am-\hpw tI-c-f-¯n-em-Wp-ÅXv. F-¶m sam-¯w kzÀ-®-ti-J-c-¯n-sâ 2 i-Xam\ t¯m-fw am-{X-am-Wv tKmÄ-Uv tem¬ B-h-iy-§Ä¡m-bn D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶Xv. km-¼¯n-I hmbv-] \ÂIp-¶ _m-¦p-I-sf-bpw, _m-¦n-X-c [-\-Im-cy Øm-]\§-sfbpw kw-_-Ôn¨v kzÀ-®-¸-W-b-hmbv-] hf-sc amWv. F-fp¸w "en-Iyp-tUäv' sN-¿m³ I-gn-bp-¶-Xpw, D-]-t`m-àm-hn-s\ kw-_-Ôn-¨pw C-Xp X-s¶-bm-Wv Gähpw kp-K-aam-b hm-bv-]m amÀ-K-w. ap-¯q-äv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸nsâ im-J-I-fnÂ\n-¶v shdpw aq-¶p -an-\n«v-sIm-≠v kzÀ-®-¯n³ ta hmbv-] e-`y-am-¡p-¶ X-c-¯n-ep-Å kw-hn-[m-\-am-Wv GÀ-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-«p-ÅXv. tKmÄUv temWnsâ Cu kp-Xm-cy-X-bpw, A-h-k-c-§fpw ap¶n I≠p-sIm-≠m-Wv ap-¯q-äv ^n³-tImÀ-¸v ]-²-XnIÄ-¡v cq-]w sIm-Sp-¯n-«p-ÅXv. ""h³In-S hm-bv-]-IÄ-s¡m-¸wX-s¶ sN-dpIn-S C-S¯-cw hm-bv-]-IÄ¡pw R-§Ä {]-m[m-\yw sImSp-¡p¶p. Imc-Ww sN-dpIn-S C-S¯-cw hm-bv-]-IÄ Iq-Sp-Xepw cm-Py-s¯ km-[m-c-W-¡m-cp-sS {][m\ Pohn-Xm-h-iy-§Ä-¡m-Wv D-]-I-cn-¡p-¶Xv, ap-¯q-äv ]m -¸-¨³ {Kq-¸n-s\ kw-_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw C-h-cp-sS kwXr-]v-Xn ]-c-a-{]-[m-\-am-Wv''þap¯qäv Im¸n-ä kÀho-

tXma-kv ap-¯q-äv

cmPy-s¯-¼m-Sp-am-bn 3500¸cw im-J-I-fpw, 22000¯n¸-cw sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fpw, 20- e-£-¯n-e-[n-Iw D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-ap-Å ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ {Kq-¸n-sâ im-J-I-fnÂ, kp-{][m-\ B-h-iy-§Ä-¡p-Å ]-Ww kz-cq-]n-¡m\m-bn {]Xn-Zn\w GI-tZiw 40,000t¯mfw D-]-t`màm-¡-fm-Wv F-¯p-¶-Xv. ]Xm-I-hm-lI I¼-\n-bmb ap¯qäv ^n³tImÀ¸n-\v ]p-dsa ap¯qäv Im¸n-ä kÀho-kv, ap¯qäv aln-fm-an{X, ap¯qäv FIvknw, ap¯qäv Hmt«m-tam-«o-hv, ap¯qäv tlmkv]n-äm-enän XpS§n sshhn-[y-§-fmb tkh-\-§-fmWv ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v AhÀ¡mbn Hcp¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. tImb-¼-¯q-cnepw Ipa-fn-bnepw sIm¨n-bnepw Xncp-¸q-cnepw AXn-\p-a-¸pdw D¯À{]-tZ-inepw lcn-bm-\-bnepw cmP-Øm-\n-ep-sa-Ãm-apÅ ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸nsâ imJ-I-fn ImWp¶ D]-t`m-àm-¡-fpsS apJ¯v kwXr-]vXnbmWv \ap¡v ZÀin-¡m-\m-hp-I. Pohn-X-¯n\v amäw-th≠--t¸mÄ (Jab zindagi badalni ho) hgn-Im-«n-bmbn F¯p¶, IqSp-X k¼¶Xbn-te¡v kwXr-]vXn-bn-te¡pw ]cn-hÀ¯-\w-sN-¿m³ klm-bn-¡p¶ ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸nsâ hnP-b-Km-Y-bneq-sS... 22


kkv amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ tXma-kv tPmÀÖv ap-¯q-äv ]-d-bp¶p. km-¼¯n-I tk-h-\-§Ä-¡p ]pdta Hm-t«mtam-«ohv, dn-bÂ- F-tÌäv, slÂ-¯v sIbÀ, tlm-kv-]n-ämenän, hn³-Uv ]-hÀ P-\-td-j³ Xp-S§n-b ta-J-e-I-fnepw ]m-¸-¨³ -{Kq-¸v h³ \n-t£-]w \-S-¯n-bn-«p≠v. ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ ^u-t≠j-sâ B-`n-ap-Jy-¯n h-en-b- coXn-bn km-aq-ly {]-hÀ-¯-\ ]-¦m-fn-¯ ]-²-Xn-Ifpw \-S-¸m¡n-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p¶p.

\m-bn ap-¯q-äv ^n³-tImÀ-¸n-sâ t\-Xr-Xz-¯n \-S-¸nem-¡n-b ssa-t{Im-^n-\m³-knw-Kv ]-²-Xn-bm-Wv ap-¯q-äv a-ln-f-an-{X. km-¼-¯n-I-am-bn ]n-t¶m-¡w \nÂ-¡p-¶ hn-`m-K-§-fn-se kv-{Xo-IÄ-¡v hn-Z-Kv-[ -sXm-gn-ep-I-fn ]-cn-ioe-\w \Â-Im-\pw, A-hÀ-¡v kz-´-am-bn kq£v-a kw-cw-`-§Ä B-cw-`n-¡m-\pap-Å hm-bv-]-IÄ \Â-Ip-¶ ]-²-Xn-bm-WnXv. sXt¡- C-´y-bn-se {Km-a-{]-tZ-i-§-fn hn-P-b-I-c-am-bn Cu ]²Xn \-S-¸n-em-¡n-bn-cp¶p.

ap-¯q-äv ^n³-tImÀ-¸v en-an-ä-Uv

ap-¯q-äv F-Ivknw

dn-kÀ-hv _m¦v Hm-^v C-´y-bn c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-bv-Xn-«pÅ _m-¦n-X-c ^n-\m³-kv I-¼-\n-bm-Wv ap-¯q-äv ^n³tImÀ-¸v en-an-äUv. ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ {Kq-¸n-\p Io-gn-ep-Å Cu Øm]-\w cm-Py-s¯ G-ähpw hen-b F³-_n-F^v-kn Øm-]-\-§-fn H-¶m-Wv. C´y-sbm-«m-sI 3500 im-J-IÄ h-gn Zn-h-tk-\ 40000 C-S-]m-Sp-ImÀ-¡v tkh-\w \Â-Ip-¶p-. hm-bv-]-I-Ä-¡p ]pd-ta a-Wn {Sm³-kv^À, t^m-dn³ F-Iv-kv-tN©v, C³-jp-d³-kv tk-h-\§Ä, C³sh-Ìvsaâ v A-ssUzk-dn tk-h-\-§Ä F¶n-h ^n³tImÀ-¸n-eq-sS \Â-Ip¶p. 2012þ13 km-¼¯n-I hÀ-jw ^n³-tImÀ¸vþ `-h-\ hm-bv-]þ ssa-t{Im- ^n-\m³-knw-Kv cwK¯v 2078.09 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS sam-¯-h-cp-am-\-hpw 210.40 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS A-äm-Zm-bhpw D-≠m-¡n. ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ ^u-t≠-j-sâ (MPF) Io-gn B-tcm-Kyw, hnZym-`ymkw, ]-cn-ØnXn, ssZ-\wZn-\ Po-hn-X (HEEL- Health, Education, Enviornment, Livelihood) ta-J-e-I-fn H-«-\h-[n Im-cp-Wy{]-hÀ-¯-\-§fpw \S-¶ph-cp¶p.

A-aqey- tem-l-§Ä hn-I-kn-¸n-s¨-Sp-¡m\pw A-Xnsâ A-\p-_-Ô-DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä \nÀ-½n-¡m-\p-ap-Å ap-¯q-äv {Kq-¸n-sâ D-]-Øm-]-\-am-Wv ap-¯q-äv F-Iv-knw. C-Xn-\v Io-gn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ Øm-]-\-am-Wv kzÀ-®-hÀ-jw PzÃdn. C-hn-sS\n¶pw e-Lphm-b am-k-¯-h-W-I-fn tem Sn¡-äv ssk-kv (2 to 8 grams) B-`-c-W-§Ä hm-§m³ km-[n-¡pw.

ap-¯qäv Iym-]n-ä kÀ-ho-k-kv en-Ì-Uv I-¼-\nbm-b ap-¯q-äv Iym-]n-ä kÀ-ho-k-kv

ap-¯q-äv tlm-kv-]n-äm-enän C-´y³ D-]-`q-JÞ-¯n-se tlm-kv-]n-äm-en-än cwKs¯ G-ähpw k-Po-ham-b \n-t£]-Iþ tk-h-\-ZmXm-¡-fm-Wv Fw-]n-Pn tlm-«Â-kv B³-Uv C³-{^m-kv-{SIv-NÀ sh-t©z-gv-kv ss{]h-äv en-an-äUv. C-´y³ tlm-«Âkv I¼-\n en-an-ä-Uv (Xm-Pv), lnÂ-«¬ thÄ-Uvssh-Uv Xp-S§nb tem-I-\n-e-hm-c-¯n-ep-Å Øm-]-\-§-fp-am-bn k-l-I-cn-¨v H-t«-sd t{]m-P-Îp-IÄ C-hÀ \-S-¸n-em-¡p-¶p. Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pc-s¯ B-Zy-s¯ ]-©-\£-{X tlm-«Â B-b ap-¯q-äv ¹m-k, lnÂ-«¬ KmÀ-U³ C³ B-¡n do-{_m³Uv sN-¿m-\p-Å {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p-

ZoÀL-ZÀi-\w, sshhn[y-h¡-cWw...

ap¯qäv bm{X XpS-cp¶p en-an-ä-Uv (MCSL) {]-tXy-I I¼-\n-bm-bm-Wv {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶Xv. t\m¬ I¬-shÀ-«_ -- nÄ Un-_-©-dpIÄ, eo-kv ^n-\m³-knwKv, Hmt«msam-ss_ hm-bv-]IÄ, C-S¯-cw kw-cw-`-IÀ-¡p-Å hm-bv-]-IÄ XpS-§n ssh-hn-[y-amÀ-¶ tk-h-\-§-fm-Wv I¼-\n \-S-¸n-em-¡p-¶Xv. C-t¸mÄ Z-£n-tW-´y-bn am-{X-am-Wv {]-hÀ-¯-\w. kao]`m-hnbn cmPy-sam-«m-sI hym-]n-¸n-¡m-\m-Wv ]²Xn.

ap-¯q-äv lu-knw-Kv ^n-\m³-kv I¼-\n en-an. sN-dp-In-Sþ C-S¯-cw k-aq-l-¯n-\v `-h-\ -\nÀ-½mW¯n-s\m-cp hen-b B-{i-b-am-Wv ap-¯q-äv `-h-\ hmbv-]. apwss_ B-Øm-\-am-bm-Wv ap-¯q-äv lu-knw-Kv ^n-\m³-kv I¼-\n-bpsS {]-hÀ-¯\w. a-lm-cm{ã, Kp-Pdm¯v, a-²y-{]-tZiv, X-angv-\mSv, IÀ-®mS-I, tIcf F-¶o kw-Øm-\-§-fm-Wv {][m-\ {]-hÀ-¯-\-ta-J-e. 2013 Pq¬ 30 hsc-bp-Å I-W-¡p{]-Imcw 155 tIm-Sn cq-] hmbv-] C-\-¯n hn-Xc-Ww sN-bv-XpI-gn-ªp. 2400Hmfw Kp-W-t`m-àm-¡-fmWv Cu Øm-]-\-¯n-\p-ÅXv.

ap-¯q-äv a-ln-f-an-{X k-aq-l-¯n-se Zm-cn-{Z-hn-`m-K-§-fp-sS D-¶-a-\-¯n-

P\lr-Z-b-§-fn-te¡v I-bmWv. A-tXm-SpIq-Sn lnÂ-«¬ KmÀ-U³ F-¶ A-´mcm-{ã {_m³-Un-sâ tI-c-f-¯n-se B-Zy-s¯ kw-cw-`-ambn A-Xv am-dpw. C-´y³ tlm-«Â-kv I¼-\n Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw tImhf-¯v Xm-Pv hn-hm´ tlm-«Â {]-hÀ-¯n-¸n-¡p¶Xv ap-¯q-äv tlm-«Â-kv ss{]h-äv en-an-ä-Un-sâ k-l-I-c-Wt¯m-sS-bm-Wv. Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pc-s¯ {]ap-J d-tÌm-dâmb hnà am-b, C³^vssfäv Imä-dnwKv kv-ssI-sj^v F¶nhbpw Fw-]n-Pn tlm-«Â-kn-\v Io-gn {]-hÀ-¯n-¨ph-cp-¶p. Im¡-\mSv XmPv {Kq¸p-ambn tNÀ¶v Øm]n-¡m³ Dt±in-¡p¶ tlm«-ensâ ]Wn ]ptcm-K-an-¡p-I-bm-Wv.

ap-¯qäv Hm-t«m-tam-«ohv ap-¯qäv Hm-t«m-tam-«o-hn-\v Io-gn Pm-KzmÀ em³-Uv tdmhÀ, tlm-≠, ba-l, sh-kv-], t^mÀUv Xp-S-§n-bhm-l-\-§-fpsS Uo-eÀ-jn-¸p-IÄ ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p-¶p. Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pcw, sImÃw, F-d-Wm-Ipfw, tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv F-¶o PnÃ-I-fn-emWv ap-¯qäv Hm-t«m-tam-«o-hn-sâ tjm-dqap-IÄ {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶Xv.

H-cp D-]-t`m-àr kulr-Z Øm-]-\-sa-¶ \n-ebn P-\-§-fp-sS a-\-Ên Nn-c-{]-XnjvT t\Sn-b Øm-]-\-am-Wv ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ {Kq¸v. B-IÀ-j-Wob-am-b ]-c-ky-§fpw a-äv {]-N-c-W-X-{´-§fpw C-Xn\h-sc H-t«-sd k-lm-bn-¨n-«p-≠v. Xm-sg¯-ew ap-X Øm-]-\-s¯¸-än A-dn-hp≠m-¡m³ a-\-]qÀ-Æ-am-b {i-aw A-[n-Ir-X-cnÂ\n¶pw D-≠m-Ip-¶p≠v. "Po-hn-X¯n\v amäw-th≠--t¸mÄ' (jab zindagi badalni ho) F-¶ Iym-]v-j-\n-eq-sS P-\-a-\-ÊpIsf am-än-a-dn-¨p sIm-≠mWv ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ {Kq-¸v {]-N-c-W-cw-K-t¯-¡v IS-¶ph-cp-¶Xv. H-cp am-ä-¯n-\v th-≠n-bp-Å {_m-âm-bn-«m-bn-cp¶p ap-¯q-äv ^n³-tImÀ-¸v A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸-«Xv. Cu cwK-¯v B-Zy-am-bn tZio--b-am-bn sS-en-hn-j³ {]-Nc-Ww B-cw-`n-¨Xpw C-h-cm-Wv. 2011 B-cw-`n-¨ aq-¶v an-\n-«v F-Iv-kv-{]-kv tKmÄ-Uv temWpw IÌ-aÀ F³tK-Pvsaâ v t{]m-{Kmapw G-sd {i-²n-¡-s¸-«-h-bmWv. do-{_m³-UnwKpw ]pXn-b ap-JOm-b \ÂIn. C-¶v Hm¬-sse³ cw-K¯pw tkm-jy ao-Un-b-I-fnepw k-

23


Po-h-amWv ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ {Kq¸v.

tk-h-\-§Ä A-\-h-[n.. km-aq-ln-I-{]-Xn-_²-X-tbm-sS {]-hÀ-¯n-¨v h-cp-¶ Øm-]-\-sa-¶ \n-e-bn _Z DuÀ-Ö t{km-X-Êp-I-sf t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¨p-sIm-≠v ]-cn-ØnXn-sb kw-c-£n¡p-I F-¶ \n-e-]m-Sm-Wv ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ Kq-¸n-tâXv. A-Xn-sâ `m-K-am-bm-Wv 1993 I-\y-mIp-am-cn PnÃ-bn-se ap-¸-´Â {Km-a-¯n {Kq¸n-sâ t\-Xr-Xz-¯n hn³-Uv F-\À-Pn t{]mP-Îv B-cw-`n-¨Xv. C-¶p {]-Xn-Zn-\w i-cm-i-cn 24 sa-Km-hmSv-kv sshZyp-Xn C-hn-sS DÂ-¸m-Zn-¸n-¡p¶p. B-tcm-Ky-cw-Kw ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p¶ sse-^v {_n-tK-Uv, ap-¯q-äv sa-UnsIbÀ, ap-¯q-äv dn-bÂ- F-kv-tääv, bm-{X-IÄ kp-K-a-am-¡m-\m-bn ap-¯q-äv {Smh Hm¬-sse³ F-¶n§-s\ hnhn-[ ta-J-e-I-fn-em-bn 22,000t¯mfw Po-h-\-¡mÀ 20 e-£-t¯m-fw Kp-W-t`m-àm¡Ä-¡v tk-h-\-§Ä \Â-Inhcp-¶p.

ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v km¼-¯nI tkh-\-§Ä

tlm«Â

C³{^mkv{S-Iv¨À

hn³Uv anÂ

Hmt«m UoeÀjn¸v

knFkv-BÀ

sFSn

BtcmKy cwKw

dnb FtÌäv

FâÀ sSbn³saâ v

{SmhÂ

Pqh-edn

ap¯qäv ^n³tImÀ]v enanäUv

ap¯qäv Im]n-ä kÀhokv

`h\ hmbv]

ssat{Im ^n\m³kv

D-bÀ¶ tk-h-\-]m-c-¼-cyw, D-b-cp-¶ h-fÀ-¨-{Km-^v km-[m-c-W-¡mÀ-¡v Iq-Sp-X tk-h-\§Ä \Â-Im³ I-gn-bp-¶ Nn-«v ^-≠v t]m-ep-Å D-]-t`m-àr- ku-lmÀ-±-]-cam-b ]-²-Xn-IÄ ]p-\-cm-cw-`n-¡m-\m-Wv e-£y-anSp-¶-sX¶v ap-¯q-äv ]m-¸-¨³ {Kq-¸v F-Ivkn-Iyq-«o-hv U-b-d-ÎÀ tXma-kv ap-¯q-äv ]-d-bp¶p. A-Sn-Øm-\X-Xz-§fpw [mÀ-an-I-X-bpw

24

_-en I-gn-¡m-sX k-aq-l-¯n-se km-[m-c-W¡m-sc e-£y-am-¡n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-t¼m-gpw, cm-Py-hym-]-I-am-bn h-f-cm\pw, D-b-c-§Ä Iog-S-¡m\pw I-gn-bp-¶p≠v. {Kq-¸n-\v Io-gn-se a-äp Øm-]-\-§Ä Hml-cn-hn-]-Wn km-[y-X-IÄ A-\p-Iq-e-am-bm am-{X-ta ]-»n-¡v C-jyp-hn-s\¸än Nn-´n-¡pI-bp-Åp-sh-¶m-Wv {Kq-¸n-sâ A-`n-{]m-bw. C-h-cpsS tKmÄ-Uv tem¬ ta-J-e Øn-c-XbmÀ-¶ h-fÀ-¨ t\-Sp-¶p-≠v. 2013 amÀ-¨v Ah-km-\-t¯m-sS Asset Under Management (AUM) 9500 tImSn-tbm-fw cq-]bmWv. sam-¯-h-cp-am-\-¯n G-ä-hp-a[n-Iw kw-`m-h-\ e-`n-¡p¶-Xv ^n\m³jy kÀho-kkv hn`m-K-¯nÂ\n¶mWv.


{_m³UnwKv & {_m³Uvkv

[-\-¯n-\v

Xp-eyam-b hm-¨v...

t\c-a-dn-bn¨v Hcp \qäm­≠v

1905 Cw-¥-≠n lm³kv hnÂtUmÀ^pw BÂ{^Uv tUhnkpw tNÀ¶mWv tdmfIvkv I-¼-\n-¡v Xp-S-¡-an-Sp-¶Xv. Kp-W-ta·-bn {i-² tI-{µo-I-cn-¨-Xn\m s]-s«-¶p hn]-Wn ]n-Sn-¨-S-¡m-\m bn. tem-I-¯n B-Zy-am-bn hm-¨v td-änw-Kv skâ-dn-sâ kzn-Êv kÀ-«n-^n¡-äv e-`n¨-Xv tdm-f-Iv-kn-\m-bn-cp¶p. Kp-W-ta·-sb am-\-ZÞ-am-¡n \Â-Ip-¶ kÀ-«n-^n-¡-äv 1910emWv tdm-f-Iv-kn-\v e-`n-¨-Xv. 1919 lm³kv hnÂtUmÀ^pw BÂ{^Uv tUhnkpw tNÀ-¶v hm¨pIfpsS Xdhm-Sm-b P-\o-hbn-te-¡v tdm-f-Iv-kn-s\ ]-dn-¨p\«p. Xp-SÀ¶p-Å Hmtcm Im-e-¯nepw \q-X-\m-i-b-§Ä kw-tbm-Pn-¸n-¨ tdm-f-Iv-kn-sâ hm-¨p-IÄ tem-I-hn]-Wn ssI-b-S-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. k¼qÀ-Whpw kw-tbm-Pn-X-hpam-b (Câ-t{KäUv) hm-¨v \nÀ-½m-Xm-hm-b-Xn-\m FÃm L-S-I-§fpw cq-]-IÂ-¸-\ sN-bv-Xv, hn-Ikn-¸n-¨v, \nÀ½n-s¨-Sp-¡p-¶-Xpw tdm-f-Iv-kv X-s¶-bmWv. U-b-a-≠vkv, kzÀ-®w F¶nh DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶ an-{in-X-tem-l-§-fp-sS Im-kvänwKv, sa-jo-\nwKv, {Im-^v-änwKv, A-kw-»nwKv Xp-S-§n-b-hbpw aq-hv-saâ v, sI-bvkv, U-bÂ, t{_-kvse-äv F-¶n-h-bp-sS \nÀ-½m-Whpw ^n-\n-jnwKpw DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶ k-a-{K-\nÀ½m-W kw-hn-[m-\-am-Wv tdm-f-Iv-kn-tâ-Xv.

kabw]men¡p¶Xv tdmfIv-knsâ Iqä³ hm¨pIfn t\m¡nbmWv.

{_m³-Un-\v

]n-¶n-se c-lkyw Øm-]-I\m-b lm³-kv hnÂ-tUmÀ-^n \n-¶v ]-IÀ-¶p In«n-b aq-ey-§-fm-Wv X-§-fpsS hn-P-b-¯n-sâ-bpw ]-Z-hn-bp-sSbpw ]n¶n-se A-Sn-Øm-\-am-bn tdm-f-Iv-kv D-bÀ¯n-¡m-Wn-¡p¶Xv. C-Xn-sâ Xp-SÀ-¨-sb-¶ \n-e-bn-em-Wv kw-cw-`-I-Xz-¯n-\pw \n-c-´cam-b A-t\z-j-WXz-cb -- v¡pw Ir-Xy-X-bv-¡pw tdm-f-Iv-kv {]m-[m-\yhpw t{]m-Õm-l-\hpw \Â-Ip-¶Xv. Øm-]n-¡-s¸-«v H-cp \q-äm-≠v I-gn-ªn«pw I-¼-\n-bp-sS i-àamb tImÀ-¸td-äv kw-kv-Imc-s¯ lm³-kv hnÂ-tUmÀ-^v C-t¸m-gpw {]-tNm-Zn-¸n-¡p¶p. B-Zy-s¯ tdmf-Iv-kv hm¨n-t\m-Sv Iq-dp ]p-eÀ-¯p-¶ A-tX I-a-\o-b-Xbpw kq-£v-aam-b kz-`m-hhn-ti-j§fpw C¶-s¯ tdm-f-Iv-kv hm-¨p-I-fnepw \ne\nÀ-¯p-¶-p. tdm-f-Iv-kn-sâ A-`n-am-\-Icam-b ]m-c-¼cyw ]pXn-b N-{I-hm-f-§-fn-te¡v hn-I-kn-¸n-¡p-¶Xpw Cu Xp-SÀ-¨-bp-sS `m-K-am-bm-Wv.

tdm-f-Iv-kv hm-¨v

tI-c-f-¯n-epw kzn-kv hm-¨p-I-fp-sS aÄ-«n {_m³-Uv

\ho\m-i-b-§-Ä {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am¡n-b {_m³-Uv.... Xp-S-¡-an«-Xv tdm-f-Iv-kmWv. ]-e \nÀ-®m-b-I ap-t¶-ä-§Ä¡pw I-≠p-]n-Sp-¯-§Ä¡pw tdm-f-Iv-kv ]m-X-sbm-cp-¡n-bn-«p≠v. tem-I-¯n-se BZys¯ hm«À {]q^v dnÌv hm¨v (1926) Hmt«mamän¡mbn XobXn amdp¶ BZys¯ hm¨v (1945) 100 aoäÀ Bg¯nepw shÅw Ibdm¯ BZys¯ hm¨v (1953) Htc kabw c≠p taJeIfnse kabw Im-Wn-¡p¶ hm¨v (1954) BgvNbpw XobXnbpw Hmt«mamän¡mbn amäp¶ BZyhm¨v (1956) C¯cw I-≠p-]n-Sp-¯-§Ä¡pw ap-t¶-ä-§Ä-¡p-w tdm-fIv-kv h-ln-¨ ]-¦v {]-iw-k-\o-b-am-Wv. H-cÀ-°-¯n tdm-f-Ivkn-sâ \nÀ½mWim-e-IÄ k-a-bw A-dn-bm-\pÅ D-]-Ic-Ww D-≠m-¡p-¶-Xn-t\¡m-fp]-cn I-≠p-]n-Sn-¯-§-fp-sSbpw am-ä§-fp-sS-bpw t{i-Wn-IÄ A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. tem-Ihn-]-Wn-bn-em-I-am\w A-aq-ey {_m³-Um-bn \n-e-sIm-Åp-¶ I-¼-\n-¡v Io-gn 2800e-[n-Iw sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-≠v. 5.1 _nÃy¬ A-ta-cn-¡³ tUm-f-dm-Wv h-cp-am-\w. D]-t`mKhkvXp¡-fpsS \nÀ½mXm¡fpsS ]«nIbn temI It¼m-f¯n \n-¶v 5 kznkv I¼\nIÄ Øm\w ]n-Sn-¨-t¸mÄ AXn H-¶v tdm-f-Iv-km-bn-cp-¶p.

I-em-Imbn-I hn-t\m-Z-§-fp-sS

ap-Jy kw-Lm-S-IÀ

ssI-¯-≠-bn-se cm-PIo-b ap-{Z...... tdm-f-Iv-kv hm¨p-IÄ. kzn-äv-kÀ-e³-Un-se P\o-h B-Øm-\-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ ap³\n-c kzn-kv hm-¨v {_m³Umb tdm-f-Iv-kv hm-¨p-IÄ Kp-W-\n-e-hm-c-¯nepw \nÀ-½m-Wssh-Z-Kv-[y-¯nepw F¶pw ap-¶n¯-s¶-bmWv. A-`nam-\-¯n-sâ {]-Xo-I-ambn ssII-sf A-e-¦-cn-¡p-¶ {_m³-Uv. 1905 Øm-]n-¡-s¸-«-Xn-\m dn-Ìv hm-¨pI-fp-sS A-{K-Km-an F-¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶Xpw tdm-f-Iv-kmWv. H-cp \q-äm-≠n-e-[n-Iw \o-≠ N-cn-{X-¯n-\n-S-bn 400te-sd t]-äâp-IÄ kz-´-am¡nb tdm-f-Iv-kv F¶pw ]p-Xp-a-I-fp-sSbpw I-s≠-¯-ep-I-fp-sSbpw km-£m-XvIm-c-am-Wv. C-S¸-Ån ep-ep am-fn kzn-kv hm-¨p-I-fp-sS aÄ-«n {_m³-Uv tjm-dq-an tdm-f-Iv-kv L-Sn-Im-c-§fp-sS A-Xn-hn-]p-eam-b I-f-Ivj-\p-I-Ä F-¯p-t¼mÄ tem-tIm-¯-c {_m³Umb tdm-f-Iv-kv tI-c-f-¯nepw km-¶n[yw A-dn-bn-¡p-¶p...

I-eIÄ, Im-bn-Ihn-t\m-Z-§Ä , hy-h-kmb kw-cw-`-§Ä Xp-S-§n-bh-sb kv-t]m¬kÀ-jn-¸p-I-fn-eq-sSbpw km-aq-lytk-h-\ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fn-eq-sSbpw t{]m-Õm-ln-¸n-¡p¶-Xn tdm-f-Iv-kv a-äv ap³\n-c {_m³-Up-Itf-¡mÄ H-cp]-Sn ap-¶n-em-Wv. 1976 ap-X tdm-f-Iv-kv A-hmÀ-Uv-kv t^mÀ FâÀ-ss{]kv F-¶ hmÀjn-I kw-cw-`-I A-hmÀ-Uv ap-S-¡-anÃm-sX \Â-Inh-cp¶p. I-gn-ª hÀjw Cu A-hmÀ-Uv-Zm-\ N-S§v \-S¶Xv C-´y-bn-em-Wv. 60te-sd cm-Py-§-fn hnhn[ ]-²-Xn-IÄ \-S-¸m-¡p-¶ tdm-f-Ivkv 42 cm-Py-§-fn \n-¶p-Å 120 {]-Xn-`-I-sf-bpw kv-t]m¬-kÀ sN-bv-Xn-«p≠v. C-h-cn A-©p-t]À `m-c-Xo-b-cmWv. t^mÀap-e h-®pam-bpÅ tdm-f-Iv-knsâ _-Ôw Iq-Sp-X Zr-V-am-¡n-s¡m-≠v 2013 H-tÎm-_-dn t\mbv-U-bn \-S-¡p¶ t^mÀ-ape h¬ _p-²v kÀ-Iyq-«nsâ Hu-tZymKn-I k-a-b]m-e-I-\m bpw tdm-fI-kv cw-K-s¯-¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶p. hÀj§fmbn hnw_nÄU³, Hmkvt{Senb³ Hm¸¬ sS¶nkv Nmw]y³jn-¸p-IÄ

lm³kv hnÂtUmÀ^v

hm-¨p-I-fp-sS temI-¯v [m-cm-fw \-ho-\am-b B-i-b-§Ä-¡v

tjmdqw kzn-kv hm-¨v _q-«n-Iv ep-ep am-fn {]-hÀ¯-\w B-cw-`n-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. kzn-kv e-£z-dn hm-¨v {_m³Umb tdm-f-Iv-kn-sâ tI-c-f-¯n-se B-Zys¯ Hu-tZymKn-I dos«-bv-eÀ F-¶ \n-e-bn Cu tem-tIm-¯-c {_m³-Un-sâ tI-c-f-¯n-te-¡p-Å B-Zy {]-th-i-\-¯n\vv ep-ep amfn-se {Ku-≠v ^v-tfm-dnse kzn-kv hm-¨v _q-«n-Iv th-Zn-bmbn-cn-¡p-¶p. hyXykvXX sIm≠p Ncn{Xw XoÀ¡p¶ epep amfnse kznkv hm-¨v _q«n¡n BUw_c¯nsâ Ahkm\ hm-s¡¶ hn-ti-j-W-apÅ tdm-f-Iv-kv L-Sn-Im-c§-fp-sS A-Xn-hn-]p-eam-b I-f-£-\p-I-fm-Wv H-cp-¡n-bn-«pÅXv. KÄ^v cmPy§sf At]£n¨v A©p iXam\w hne¡p-dhpw C-hn-sS-bp-≠v. kznävkÀem³Un \n¶pÅ aäv e£zdn hm¨v {_m³UpIfmb temwKvs\kv, tam≠v »m¦v, bpfnkn \mÀZn³, lyqt»m«v F¶nhbpw Cu tjmdqan e`n¡pw. ] s£ an¡ tamUepIÄ¡pw e£¯n\p apIfntem«mIpw hnesb¶p am{Xw. F¶m a\Ên\nW§nb bYmÀY tamUepIÄ Xs¶ sXcsªSp¡m\m-Ip-sa-¶ {]-tXy-I-X D-]-t`m-àm-¡-sf B-IÀ-jn-¡pw.

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C OtÌmdn V E R IhÀ

S T O R Y 146170796

c¦p sI lcn-Zmkv

tItI c-f-¯n-Â

hn-Ik-\w km-[yam-b hnhn-[ cw-K§-fn \nÀ-®m-b-I kzm[o-\-am-Im³ ]-e {]-hm-kn hy-h-km-bnIÄ¡pw I-gn-ªn-«p-≠ ≠vv. ]-e ta-J-e-I-fnepw tem-I\n-e-hm-c-¯n-s\m-¸w \nÂ-¡m³ I-gn-bp-¶hn-[-¯n tI-c-f-¯n-\p h-f-cm\mbXpw {]-hmkn-I-fpsS C-S-s]-S-ep-I-fn-eq-sS-bmWv.

C-Xp-h-sc-bp-Å C-S-s]-S-epIÄ,

C-\n-bp-f-f km-[y-X-IÄ B-tcm-Kycw-Kw C-´y-bn B-tcm-Kycw-K¯v- G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X- kzIm-cy ]-¦m-fn-¯-ap-Å kw-Øm-\-amWv tI-cfw. {]mYan-I B-tcm-KytI-{µ-§-fp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-¯n tIcfw G-sd ap-¶n-em-sW-¦n-epw B-[p-\n-I Nn-In-Õ-bp-sS Im-cy-¯n \-ho-Ic-Ww km-[y-am-¡m³ Ignªn-«nÃ. Cu ]-cmP-bw H-cp ]-cn-[nh-sc \n-b-{´n-¡m³ km-[n¨Xv {]-hm-kn-IÄ \-S-¯n-b C-S-s]-S-ep-I-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv BØm-\-am-bn tUm. B-km-Zv aq-¸³ anw-kv Øm-]n-¨-tXm-sS Cu- cwK-¯v h³ am-ä-§-fp≠mbn. C-Xn-s\¯p-SÀ-¶v kw-Øm\-¯v {]-hm-kn-I-fpsS \n-t£-]-¯n-sâ ]n³-_-e-¯n G-sd B-Xp-cm-eb-§Ä Øm-]n-¡-s¸«p. sN-½n-\m-In-cn-bn-se C³-tUm A-ta-cn-¡³ tlm-kv-]n-äÂ, sIm-¨n-bn-se te-¡v-tjmÀ tlm-kv-]n-äÂ, sImÃ-s¯ D-]mk-\, Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p

26

c-s¯ In-w-kv, A-\-´-]p-cn tlm-kv-]n-äÂ, Xr-iq-cn-se sh-Ìvt^mÀ-«v tlm-kv-]n-äÂ, lmÀ-«v tlm-kv-]n-ä Xp-S§n-bh Nne D-Zm-l-c-W-§Ä am-{Xw. C-Xn-eq-sS B-Xp-c-ip{iq-j cw-K-¯nsâ ap-J-Ñm-b am-äm³ {]-hmkn-IÄ-¡m-bn. Nm-cn-än-bp-sS `m-K-am-bn AÀ-l-cm-b-hÀ¡v kuP-\y Nn-In-Õ \Â-Ip-hm\pw Cu B-Xp-c-em-b-§fn-eq-sS C-hÀ-¡v km-[n-¡p-¶p. B-Xp-ctk-h-\cw-K-¯v temI -\n-e-hm-c-¯n-s\m-¸-sa-¯p-hm³ km-[n-¡p-¶ X-c-¯n- C-\nbpw ]-cn-jv-I-c-W-§Ä B-h-iy-am-sW-¶v hn-iz-kn-¡p-¶-h-cm-Wv {]-hm-knIÄ.

hn-Zym-`ym-kcw-Kw tI-c-f kw-Øm-\w cq-]o-I-r-Xam-b Im-eL-«w ap-X \mw A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-¡p¶ {]-[m-\ shÃp-hn-fn hn-Zy-m`ymkcw-K-¯m-bn-cp-¶p. {]m-Yan-I hn-Zym-`ym-kcw-K¯vv s]mXp-hn-Zym-e-b-§-fp-sS i-àam-b km-¶n[yw D-≠m-bncp-s¶¦nepw A-´-mcm-{ã \n-e-hm-c-¯n-te-¡v hn-ZymÀ-

°nI-sf D-bÀ-¯p-¶ kw-hn-[m-\§-Ä i-àam-bn-cp-¶nÃ. D-¶-X hn-Zym-`ymkcw-Khpw ]n-¶nem-bn-cp¶p. F-¶m C-¶v Øn-XnK-Xn-IÄ amdn. {]-hm-kn-I-fp-sS {]-b-Xv\-¯n-sâ ^-e-am-bn H«-\h-[n hn-Zy-m`ym-k Øm-]-\-§-Ä tI-cf-¯n-ep-≠ ≠vv. G-jy³ kv-IqÄ Hm-^v _n-kn\-kv, B-Zy-s¯ CâÀ\m-j-W kv-Iq-fm-b {Sn-hm³{Uw CâÀ\m-j-W kv-IqÄ, k-®n hÀ-¡n-bp-sS sPw-kv F-Uyq-t¡j³ Xp-S§nbh Cu cwK-s¯ {]ap-J Øm-]-\-§-fm-Wv. kw-Øm-\¯v [m-cmfw F³-Pn-\ob-dnw-Kv tImsf-Pp-IÄ D-bÀ-¶-Xn\p ]n-¶n-epw hn-tZ-i-a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-≠.v

Sq-dn-kw se- sa-dn-Un-b³ {_m³-Un sIm-¨n-bn I¬sh³-j³ skâÀ Øm-]n-¨psIm-≠v ]n ap-l-½-Zmen-bmWv Sq-dn-kw cwK-¯v am-ä-§-Ä-¡v Xp-S-¡-an«Xv. sh³-j³ skâÀ B-cw-`n¨v Fw F bq-k^en Cu amä-¯n-sâ Xp-SÀ-¨ Im-¯p. ]p-Xp-Xm-bn t_mÄ-Km-«n-bn 600 tIm-Sn ap-XÂ-a-p-S-¡n tI-c-f-¯nse G-ähpw h-en-b I¬-sh³-j³ skâÀ Øm-]n-¡m-\p-Å {i-a-¯nem-Wv FwsI {Kq¸v. C¯-cw I¬-sh³-j³ skâdp-I-Ä tIc-f-¯n-se-¯p-t¼mÄ A-Xn-\v A-\p-_-Ôam-b ]-©-\£-{X tlm-«-ep-Ifpw aäp ku-I-cy-§fpw H-cp-¡p-¶-Xn {]-hm-kn-IÄ ap³-\n-c-bn-ep≠v. sIm-¨n-bn B-cw-`n-¨ {Iu¬- ¹m-k-bpw, aq-l-½-Zm-en-bp-sS X-s¶ se- sa-


{]-hm-k¯n-s\m-cp ap-J-hpc

do-s«-bv {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-IÄ sIm-≠p-h-cp-¶ s]«n Xpd-¡p-hm³ Im-¯n-cp-¶ H-cp Im-eap≠m-bn-cp¶p. A-¡me¯v \m-«n-se hym]m-c Øm-]-\-§-fn {]-hmkn-IÄ sIm-≠p h-cp-¶ D-¸-¶-§Ä e-`y-am-bn-cp-¶nÃ. Cubhk-c-¯n-em-Wv tem-I- amÀ-¡-än-se e-`yam-b H-«p-an-¡ D-¸-¶-§-fp-am-bn am-fp-Ifpw kq-¸À-amÀ-¡äp-Ifpw tI-c-f-¯n th-cp-d-¸n-¡p-¶Xv. C¶v {Km-a{]tZ-i-§-fn t]mepw kp-]-cn-Nn-Xam-b kq-¸À amÀ¡-äv kw-kv-¡m-c¯nsâbpw, FÃm X-cw D-¸-¶-§-sfbpw H-cp Ip-S-¡o-gn F-¯n-¨ amÄ kw-kv-Im-c-¯n-sâbpw Xp-S-¡w C-§-s\-bm-bn-cp¶p. aäp \m-Sp-I-fn k-©-cn¨-Xn-sâ A-\p-`-h-§-fp-sS ]-Ým-¯-e-¯n hn-]-W-\ co-Xn-bn-epw, D-]-t`m-ày kwXr]v-Xn-bn-epw, ku-I-cy-¯nepw, ]pXn-b `m-h-hp-am-bn F¯n-b Chsb tI-c-fo-bÀ kzo-I-cn-¨p. {]-i-kv-Xamb H_v-tdm¬ am-fpw, A-h-km-\am-bn F¯n-b ep-ep-am-fpw, tPm-bv B-eq-¡m-kn-sâ amÄ kw-cw-`hpw a-e-bm-f-nIsf ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯n-b-Xv H-cp \ ho-\ kw-kv-Im-cw am-{X-am-bn-cp-¶nÃ, a-dn¨v tem-I-¯n-se X-s¶ \q-tdm-fw anI-¨ {_m³-Up-I-Ä Iq-Snbm-bn-cp¶p.

sF-Sn cw-Kw C-´y³ sF-Sn cw-K-¯v Gsd kw-`m-h-\-IÄ \ ÂIn-b kw-Øm-\-am-Wv tI-c-fw. Ø-ee-`y-X-bpw, a-pXÂ-ap-S¡v Ip-d-hm-sW-¶p-ÅXpw sF-Sn cw-K-¯n-sâ km-[y-X-I-fn-te-¡m-Wv h-n-c Nq≠p-¶Xv. {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn kw-cw-`-I-\m-bn tUm. Pm-th-Zv lk-sâ s\Ìpw, hn- sI am-Xyq-knsâ sF-_n-F-kpw Cu cwK-¯v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ {][m-\ Øm-]-\-§-fmWv. C-sXm-sSm¸w H-«-\h-[n C-S-¯cwþsN-dpInS kw-cw-`-§-fp-sS H-cp \o-≠ \n-cbpw kw-Øm-\-¯n-sâ hnhn-[ `m-K-§-fnembn {]-hm-kn-IÄ B-cw-`n-¨p-I-gnªp. hn-h-ckm-t¦-Xn-IhnZy kw-cw-`§Ä-¡v tI-c-f-¯n hen-b km-[y-X-I-fps≠-¶ Xn-cn-¨-dn-hm-Wv C-Xn-\p-Imc-Ww. Cu ta-J-e-bn Hcp sFUn-b _m-¦v kr-ãn¨p-sIm-≠p \à co-Xn-bn ap-t¶-dn-bm temI-s¯ X-s¶ an-I-¨ sF-Sn l-ºn-\v H-cp tI-cf tam-U kr-ãn-¡p-hm³ km-[n-¡p-sa-¶ hnizm-khpw ]-e {]-hm-kn-Ifpw ]-¦p-h-bv-¡p-¶p-.

]n-]n-]n tam-U- C-¶v hnI-k-\Im-cy-¯n G-sd D-bÀ-¶p tIÄ¡p¶ B-i-b-am-Wv s]m-Xpþkz-Im-cy ]-¦m-fn-¯ap-Å ]n-]n]n tam-U (Public Private Partnership) C-Xv {]-hm-kn-IÄ¡v tI-c-f-¯nÂ- \n-t£-]n-¡m³ A-hk-cw \Â-Ip-¶Xm-sW-¶ Im-cy-¯n kw-i-b-anÃ. C-Xn-eq-sS h-f-scb-[n-Iw t\-«-§Ä D-≠m-¡p-hm³ kw-Øm-\-¯n-\pw {]-hm-kn-IÄ¡pw km-[n-¡pw. A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy- hn-Ik-\-¯n-\v C-¯-cw Xp-I D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯m-hp-¶-XmWv. A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§-fp-sS \-hoIcW cwK-¯v \mw ]n-t¶m-«p \nÂ-¡p-¶-Xn-sâ {]Ya Imc-Ww ^-≠p-I-fp-

IT

tdm-f-Iv-kv, aIv-tUm-WmÄ-Uv-kv Xp-S§n- H-«-\h-[n {_m³Up-I-fm-Wv tI-c-f-¯n-te-s¡-¯nbXv. h-cpw Zn-h-k-§fn C¯-cw {_m³-Up-IÄ tI-c-f-¯n-se D-]-t`m-K kw-kv-Imc-s¯ am-än am-dn-¡p-w.

RETAIL

dn-Un-b³ B-Uw-_c tlm-«-epw, ^v-tfm-d {Kq¸v Hm-^v tlm-«-Âkpw, C³-Uv tdmb {Kq-¸n-sâ tlm-fn-tU C¶pw C-Xn\v D-Zm-l-c-W-§-fm-Wv. G-ähp-sam-Sp-hn-em-bn am-cnb-äv tlm-«Â irw-J-e tI-c-f-¯n-se-¯n-bXpw Sq-dnk-¯n-sâbpw tlm-kv-¸n-äm-en-än-bp-sSbpw km-[y-X-IÄ a-\-kn-em-¡n-bmWv. tI-c-f-¯n-te-¡v k-©m-cn-I-sf BIÀ-jn-¡m³ I-gn-bp¶ tlm-«Â, dn-tkmÀ-«v, B-bpÀth-Z kv-]m, _o-¨v dn-tkmÀ-«p-IÄ Xp-S§n FÃm cw-K¯pw {]-hm-kn-I-Ä \n-t£-]w Xp-S-§n-¡-gn-ªp. H-cp]-t£, a-säm-tc-¡m-fpw ap³-]v Sq-dn-kw cw-K-¯n-sâ km-[y-X-IÄ Xn-cn-¨-dnª-Xv a-dp-\m-S³ a-e-bm-fn-IÄ B-bn-cn-¡pw. temI-s¯ {][m-\ hn-t\m-Zk©m-c tI-{µ-am-¡n sIm-¨nsb h-fÀ-¯p-¶-Xnsâ `m-K-am-bn C-Xns\ hn-h-£n¡mw.

s\-dp-I-bn F-¯n-¡m-\p-Å {i-a-¯n-sâ Xp-S-¡-am-bn \-ap-¡nXp hn-e-bn-cp-¯mw. Cu {i-a-¯n H-«-\-h-[n {]-hm-kn-IÄ ]-¦m-fn-Ifm-bn-«p-s≠-¦n-epw, A-Xn-sâ ap³-\n-c-bn \nÂ-¡p-¶-h-sc-bm-Wv F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xv. tI-c-f-¯n-se P-\-§Ä-¡v hn-tZ-i-¯pw, kz-tZ-i¯pw sXm-gn-enS-§-fn \ÂIn-b am-\pjn-I ]--cn-K-W-\-bpw, A-hÀ tI-c-f-¯n\p \-ÂInb tk-h-\-§fpw C-hnsS B-cw-`n-¨n-«p-Å hy-hkm-b \n-t£]-§-fpw, kw-Øm-\-¯v sN-¿p-¶ Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§fpw ]-cn-K-Wn-¨m-Wv C-h-À F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bp-sS ]-«n-I-bn Øm-\w ]n-Sn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. hnhn-[ ta-J-e-I-fn-em-bn A-hÀ \-S¯n-b C-S-s]-S-ep-I-fn-eq-sS IS-¶pt]m-b-Xn-\pti-jw, A-h-cp-sS kw-cw-`-IPo-hn-X-¯n-te¡pw tI-c-f-¯n-\p \-ÂIn-b kw-`m-h\-I-fn-te-¡pw F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf IS¶p sNÃp¶p.

TOURISM

Hcp-Im-e-L-«w ap-gp-h³ a-säm-cp c-m-Py-¯v c≠mw \n-c ]u-c-·m-cm-bn \n¶p-sIm-≠v a-e-bm-f-¡c-sb k-ar-²n-bn-te-¡p ]n-Sn-¨p-bÀ¯n-b N-cn-{X-am-Wv {]-hm-kn-IÄ-¡v ]-d-bm-\p-Å-Xv. ]-«n-Wnbpw Zm-cn-{Zyhpw ]pXn-b ta-¨n-¸p-d-§Ä tX-Sm³ t{]-cn-¸n-¨ Im-e-L-«-¯n `m-Ky-mt\z-jn-I-fm-bn-«m-Wv a-e-bm-fn-Ifpw I-S-ep-IÄ I-S-¶-Xv. A-d-_n-I-fp-sS a-W-em-c-Wy-am-bn-cp-¶p A-h-cn G-dn-b ]-¦n\pw Xp-W-bm-b-Xv. A-hn-Sp-s¯ km-l-N-cy-§-tfm-Sp ]-S-sh-«n ap-t¶-dn-b H-«-\h-[n B-fp-IÄ ]nÂ-¡m-e¯v kw-cw-`-§-fp-sS ]pXn-b ku-[§-Ä sI-«n-bpbÀ¯n. A-Xm-bn-cp-¶p am-ä-§-fp-sS Xp-S-¡w. ]n-¶oSp-Å Hm-tcm i-X-I-§-fnepw hy-h-km-bn-I-am-bn A-`n-hr-²n {]m-]n¡p-¶ a-e-bm-fn-I-sf-bmWv {]-hmktem-Iw Im-Wn-¨p X¶Xv. hen-b _n-kn\-kv km-{am-Py-§Ä sI-«n-¸-Sp-¯v a-e-bm-f-¡-c-bpsS bi-Êv tem-I-w ap-gp-h³ F-¯n¨ kw-cw-`-I-cm-bn A-hÀ am-dn-¡gn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. kw-cw-`-IcwK-¯v ]p-¯³ A-h-k-c-§Ä tX-Sp-¶ A-hÀ C-¡p-dn {]-Xo-£-tbm-sS t\m-¡p¶-Xv tI-c-f-s¯-bmWv. km-¼-¯n-I-ambpw k-aq-ln-I-am-bpw P·-\m-Sn-s\ hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ

sXm-gne-h-k-c-§Ä kw-Øm\-¯v kr-ãn-¡-s¸-Sm¯-Xp sIm-≠m-Wv ]-eÀ¡pw {]-hm-kn-I-fm-tI-≠n h-cp-¶Xv. k-ao-]-Ime-¯v ku-Zn-bn D≠m-b {]-iv-\-§-fpw, anUn Cu-Ìn D-≠m-bn-s¡m-≠n-cn-¡p¶ sXm-gn cwK-s¯ A-kz-Ø-X-Ifpw tI-c-f-¯n Zq-c-hym-]-Iamb {]-Xym-Lm-X-§Ä kr-ãn-t¨-¡mw. C-sXÃmw hn-c Nq-≠p¶-Xv h-cm-\n-cn-¡p-¶ sXm-gnenÃm-bv-a-bp-sS Xp-S¡-¯n-te-¡pw. Cu-b-h-k-c-¯n- tIc-fw H-cp \n-t£]-Ikulr-Z kw-Øm-\-am-bn am-td-≠ B-h-iyIX NÀ¨ sN-¿-s¸-SWw. ]p-Xn-b hy-h-km-b-§fpw ]pXn-b kwcw-`-§fpw h-¶m am-{X-ta sXm-gne-h-k-c-§-fp-≠mIq. knw-K-¸qÀ, kzn-ävkÀe³-Uv, ssN-\- F-¶o cm-Py§sf t]m-se A-Xn-th-Kw h-f-cp-¶, G-sd sXm-gne-h-k-c-§Ä kr-ãn-¡-s¸-Sp¶ {]-tZ-i-am-bn tI-cf-s¯ am-än-sbSp-¡m³ \-ap-¡v km-[n-¡p-w. C-hn-sS-bm-Wv {]-hm-kn kw-cw-`-Isc \mw t{]-m-Õm-ln-¸n-t¡-≠Xv. ]-Ww ap-S¡m³ A-hÀ X-¿m-dm-sW-¶p-Å-Xpw \-½p-sS hn-I-k-\ kz-]v-\-§Ä-¡v K-Xn-th-Kw \-Â-Ipw. B-bn-c-¡-W-¡n-\v ]pXnb sXm-gne-h-k-c-§-Ä kr-ãn-¡m-sa-¶p am-{XaÃ, kz-tZ-in-h-¡-c-W-¯n-sâ C-c-I-fm-bn F-¯p-¶-h-cp-sS ]p-\-c[n-hm-khpw C-Xn-eq-sS D-d-¸m-¡mw. C-sXÃm-amWv Cu hn-j-b-¯n-sâ ImenI {]-kàn.

EDUCATION

cp]-t£, {]-hm-k-h-Â-¡-c-Ww CÃmbn-cp-¶psh¦n tIc-f¯nsâ k¼Zv hyhØbn Imcy-amb IpXn-¸v D-≠m-InÃm-bn-cp-¶p F-¶pXs¶ ]-dbmw. a-e-bm-fn-I-fpsS Po-hn-X\n-ehm-cw sa-¨-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-\pw, tI-c-f¯n-sâ- km-¼¯n-I kw-hn-[m-\w i-àn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶Xn\pw {]-hm-knIÄ \ÂIn-b kw-`m-h-\-IÄ sN-dp-XÃ. hn-Ikn-X cm-Py-§Ä-¡v Xp-ey-am-bn B-tcmKy, hn-Zy-m `ym-k cwK-§fn ap-t¶äw t\-Sn-sb-Sp-¯ tI-cf tam-U hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v Np-¡m³ ]n-Sn-¨-Xpw {]-hm-knI-fmWv. 40 e-£-¯n¸cw hn-tZ-ia-e-bm-fn-I-fn \n-¶mbn H-cp- hÀ-jw 55,000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv tI-c-f¯n-te-¡v F¯p¶-Xv. kw-Øm-\-¯n-sâ B-sI h-cpam-\-¯n-sâ 30 i-X-am-\w h-cp-anXv. _P-äv k-t¸mÀ-«n-\mbn tI{µw \-Â-Ip¶ Xp-I-bpsS 5.8 C-c-«nbpw h-cpw Cu XpI. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ s]m-Xp-I-S-¯n-sâ 50 i-X-am-\ hpw Xo-À-¡m³ ]-cym-]vX-am-Wv {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-I-fn-eqsS kw-Øm-\-s¯-¯p-¶ h-cp-am\w. XoÀ¯pw A-]-cnNn-X-am-b Ø-e-§-fn- {]-XnIq-e km-l-N-cy-§-tfm-Sp ]-S-sh-«n Ipw-Spw-_-s¯bpw _-Ôp-¡-sf-bpw ]n-cn-ªv

P-·-\m-«n-te-¡v \n-t£]w F-¯n-¡p-I F-¶ {i-a-Icamb Zu-Xy-am-Wv I-gn-ª ImÂ-\q-äm-≠m-bn {]-hmkn-IÄ sN-¿p¶-Xv. hn-t\m-Zk-©m-ctaJ-e, tlm-kv¸n-äm-enän, sF-Sn, B-tcm-Kyw, hn-Zy-m`ym-kw, do-sS-bv Xp-S-§n-b- k-akv-X ta-J-e-I-fn-sebpw h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡p ]n-¶n {]-hm-kn-I-fp-sS hn-bÀ-¸n-sâ Aw-i-ap-≠v. tI-c-f-¯n-se sXm-gn-enÃmbv-a henb tXm-Xn ]-cnl-cn-¡-s¸-«Xv hntZ-i cm-Py-§-fn e-`yamb sXm-gn A-h-k-c-§-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. e-£-¡-W-¡n-\v a-e-bm-fnIÄ KÄ-^v \m-Sp-I-fnepw A-ta-cn-¡-bnepw bq-tdm-¸nepw C-´y-bn-se C-X-c kw-Øm-\-§-fn-eq-am-bn tPmen-t\m¡p¶p. {]-hmkn Ip-Spw-_-§-fp-sS-sbÃmw D-]-Po-h-\ amÀ-K-hpw C-h-cp-sS k-¼m-Zy-amWv. Cu k-¼mZyw {]-Y-a-Zrãym -A-h-cp-sS Ip-Sw-_-¯n am-{X-am-bn sNe-h-gn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p F-¶p- tXm-¶p-sa-¦nepw \m-Sn-sâ k-¼-Zvhy-h-Ø-bp-sS ]p-\À-\nÀ-am-W-hpw kw-`-hn-¡p¶p-≠v. F-¶m hcpw\m-fp-I-fn C-sX-{X-t¯m-fw km-[y-amIpw F-¶p-ÅXpw hn-e-bn-cp-¯-s¸-tS≠-Xp≠v. {]-[m-\-s¸-« ]-e hn-tZ-icm-Py-§fpw kz-tZ-inhÂ-¡cWw i-à-am-¡p-I-bm-Wv. X-Xv-^-e-ambn B-bn-c-¡-W¡n-\v {]-hm-kn-IÄ kz´w \m-«n-te-¡v tN-t¡-dn Ignªp. C-\nbpw A-Xn-sâ tXm-Xv Iq-Sp-w. B-h-iyamb

HEALTH

tIc-f-¯n-sâ k-m-¼-¯n-Icw-K-¯v \nÀ-®m-b-Iam-b kw-`m-h\-IÄ \Â-In-bn-«p-Å-h-cm-Wv {]-hm-knIÄ. H-

sS A-`m-h-amWv. -sa-t{Sm sd-bn ]-²-Xn-bv-¡v P-¸m-s\ B-{i-bn-¡p-¶-Xn-\pw, _nH-Sn hn-hm-Z-§-Ä¡pw Im-cWw ]Ww X-s¶. ap³-Im-e-§-fn {]-hm-kn-IÄ Cu cwK-¯v ap-XÂa-p-S-¡p-hm³ X-¿m-dm-b-Xpw {]-Xo-£-IÄ \Â-Ip-¶p≠ fw bm-YmÀ-°y-am-¡p-¶-Xn-epw, C³-sI-en-sâ {]-hÀ-¯\-§Ä¡pw {]-hm-kn-I-Ä ssI-Ab-¨v k-lm-bn¨n-cp-¶p. A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§-fp-sS hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v kz-Im-cy ]¦m-fn-¯-t¯m-sS-bp-Å I-¼-\n-sb-¶ \n-e-bn ^-≠v k-am-l-cn-¨ C³-sI ]-cm-P-b-s¸-Sp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. C³-sI-en-sâ \yq-\-X-IÄ ]-cn-l-cn¨p-sIm-≠p H-cp Øm]-\w Xp-S-§p-hm³ km[n¨m A-SnØm-\ ku-Icy-§-fp-sS cw-K¯pw H-cp \-ho-Ic-Ww km-[y-amWv.

27


C O V E R

S T O R Y

{]hm-kn-IÄ-¡m-bn t\mÀ-¡ (t\m¬ d-kn-Uâ v-kv tI-c-ssf-ä-kv) h-Ip-¸v cq-]o-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xv 1996emWv. C-´y-bv-¡p ]p-d¯pw kw-Øm-\-¯n-\p ]p-d¯pw {]-hm-kw A-\p-jvTn-¡p-¶ a-e-bm-fnIsf D-t±-in-¨m-bn-cp-¶p t\mÀ-¡-bp-sS cq-]o-I-cWw. a-äp kw-Øm-\-§Ä C-¯-c-sam-cp h-Ip-¸n-s\-¡p-dn¨p Nn-´n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p ap-¼pX-s¶ tI-c-f-¯n\-Xp km-[y-am-¡m³ Ignªp-. F¶m ]n-¶o-Sv t\m À-¡-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä Im-cy-£-a-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\pw G-tIm-]n-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw t\m-U G-P³knbmb t\mÀ-¡ dq-«v-kv B-cw-`n¨p. Xn-cp-h-\´]pc-¯v ssX-¡m-Sm-Wv t\mÀ-¡ dq-«v-kn-sâ BØm\w. {]hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS t£-aw D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯p-I, A-h-cp-sS ]-cm-Xn-IÄ-¡v ]-cn-lm-cw ImWp-I, A-h-cp-sS A-h-Im-i-§Ä ]-cn-c-£n-¡p-I Xp-S-§n-b \n-ch-[n {]-h-À-¯-\-§-fp-sS G-tIm]-\w Dd-¸p h-cp¯p-I F-¶ e-£y-am-Wv C-Xn-eq-sS km-[y-am-Ip-¶-Xv. t\mÀ-¡-b-p-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-sf-¡pdn-¨pw, {]-hm-kn k-aq-l-¯n \-S-¯p-¶ C-S-s]-S-ep-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw Cu h-Ip-¸n-sâ Np-a-X-e-IÄ h-ln¡p-¶ a{´n sI kn tPmk-^v F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bv-¡v A-\p-h-Zn-¨ A-`n-ap-J-¯n-eq-sS hy-à-am-¡p¶p.

t\mÀ-¡ dq-«v-kn-sâ {]-m[m-\yw, {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä ? H-cp Im-e-L-«-¯n \n-Ý-e-am-bncp-¶ {]-hm-knt£-a h-Ip-¸n-s\ k-Poh-am-¡n F-¶p-Å-Xm-Wv G-ähpw hen-b {]-tXyI-X. {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS {]-iv-\-§Ä ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p-¶-Xn \pw, A-h-cp-sS A-h-Im-i-§Ä kw-c£n¡p-¶-Xn\pw, sXm-gn ]p-\-c-[n-hm-kw D-d-¸m-¡p-¶-Xn\pw k-lm-b-I-c-am-Ip-¶ Im-cy-§Ä sN-¿m³ t\mÀ-¡ dq-«v-kn-\p km-[n-¡p-¶p≠v. {]-hmkn ae-bm-fn-IÄ¡mbn t£-a-]-²-Xn-IÄ B-hn-jv-I-cn-¨p \-S-¸n-em-¡p-I, {]-iv-\-§Ä-¡v ]-cn-lmcw I-s≠-¯p-I, {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-IÄ¡v B-h-iyam-b FÃm k-lm-b-§fpw e-`y-am-¡p-I, tI-{µ, kwØm-\ k-À¡m-cpIfp-ambpw C-´y-bnepw hn-tZ-i¯p-ap-Å Øm-]-\-§Ä, kw-L-S-\-IÄ F-¶n-h-bp--am-bpw _-Ô-s¸-«v {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS hn-j-b-§Ä ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p-I Xp-S§n-b \n-ch-[n Im-cy-§-Ä t\mÀ-¡ dq-«vkv sN-bv-Xp h-cp-¶p. {]-hm-kn-t£a-¯n-\p-ff \S-]-Sn-IÄ? {]-hm-kn-I-f-p-sS t£-a-¯n-\m-bn hnhn-[ h-Ip-¸pI-sf G-tIm-]n¸n¡-p-I-bpw A-hÀ-¡v th-≠ amÀ-K-\n À-t±-i-§-Ä \Â-Ip-Ibpw sN-bvXp. hntZi cm-Py-§-fn-se {]-hm-kn-I-fp-sS {]-iv-\§Ä¡p a-dp]-Sn ]-db-¯-¡ co-Xn-bn H-cp tImÄ skâdpw t\mÀ-¡-bp-sS `m-Kam-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶p. hn-tZi-¯v sXmgn- t\-Sm³ B-{K-ln-¡p-¶-h-sc-bpw, A\p-tbm-Pycmb sXm-gnÂZm-Xm-¡-sf bpw I-s≠-¯p-¶-Xn-\v tPm-_v t]mÀ«epw B-cw-`n¨p. A-XpIq-Sm-sX {]-hmkn-I-fp-sS a-c-Wm-\´-c N-S-§p-IÄ \-S-¯p-hm-\pw, Kp-cp-X-c-am-bn tcm-Kw _m-[n-¨h-sc k-lm-bn-¡m\pw km´z\w ]²-Xn B-hn-jv-I-cn-¨p k-lm-b[-\w \Â-IpIbpw sN-¿p-¶p. KÄ-^v a-e-bm-fnI-fp-sS a-¡Ä-¡v hn-hm-l [-\-k-lm-b-

28

am-bn 15000 cq-]bpw \Â-Ip-¶p. sXm-gn ]p-\-c-[n-hm-kw D-d-¸m-¡m\pw t\mÀ-¡ Im-cy-£-aam-b C-S-s]-S-ep-IÄ \-S-¯p¶p≠v. Xn-cn-sI-sb-¯p-¶h-sc kw-cw`-Icm-¡-p-hm-\p-Å {i-a-am-Wv C-Xn {]-[m\w. aqe-[-\s¨-e-hn-sâ 10i-X-am\w k-_v-kn-Un-bm-bn \Â-Ip-I-bm-Wv sN-¿p¶Xv. Xn-cn-sI-sb-¯p-¶ {]-hmknI-sf {]-tXy-I D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fm-bn ]-cn-K-Wn-¨v kÀ-¡mÀ \-S-]-Sn-{I-a-§Ä A-\p-k-cn-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ kw-cw-`§Ä-¡v ssI-¯m-§m-Ip¶-Xn-t\m-sSm¸w, H-cp kpØn-c kw-cw-`-I amXr-I kr-ãn-¡p-I-bpw hn-I-kn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\w IqSn-bm-WnXv. tIc-fw H-cp \n-t£-]-I kulr-Z kw-Øm-\-a-à F-¶ B-t£-]¯n- F-s´-¦n-epw bm-Ym-À-°y-ap-t≠m? {]-hm-kn \n-t£-]-¯n-\v tI-c-f-¯n bm-sXm-cphn-[ X-S-Ê-hp-anÃ. hntZ-i a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS \n-t£-]w kw-Øm-\-¯n-sâ hn-I-k-\-¯n-\m-bn {]-tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯p-hm³ km-[n-¡p-¶ X-c-¯n A-t\-Iw ]-²-Xn-IÄ F-a-ÀPnw-Kv tI-c-f-bn-eq-sS {]-hm-kn-I-fp-sS ap-¶n F¯n¡p-hm³ \-ap-¡v km-[n-¨p. A-Xp-am-{X-aà H-cp Ime-¯v tI-c-f¯n k-Po-h-am-bn-cp¶ sXm-gn-em-fn k-a-c-§-fnepw Ipd-hp h¶p. C¶-s¯ sXm-gn k-aq-lw \n-t£-]§-sf Aw-KoI-cn-¡p-¶ co-Xn-bn-te-¡v am-dp-I-bmWv. C-sXÃmw I-W-¡n-se-Sp-¯-psIm-≠v H-«-\h-[n {]-hm-kn kw-cw-`-IÀ tI-c-f¯n-te-¡p h-cp-hm³ X-¿m-dm-Ip-¶p≠v. ]-c-am-h-[n hy-hkm-b kulr-Z \-b-§fm-Wv kzo-I-cn-¨p h-cp-¶Xv. \n-b-a§-Ä ew-Ln¨p-sIm-≠v hy-h-km-bw h-cp-¶Xnt\m-Sp tbm-Pn-¡p-¶nÃ. ]m-Shpw tXmSpw Im-bepw \n-I-¯n-bp-Å kw-cw-`-§Ä F-§-s\ Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡p-hm³ km-[n-¡pw. km-aqln-I km-¼¯n-I ]p-tcm-K-Xn-bv-¡v D-X-Ip-¶ \n-b-a-hn-t[-bam-b ]-²-Xn-IÄ¡v ^-b-ep-IÄ Im-e-Xma-kw CÃm-sX \Â-Im³ km-[n-¡pw.


M A YOUSUF ALI

EMKE Group

À, kâ . s ³ -§Ä -Ip-¶p j h³ -cw-` \ ¬-s -\ kw m-gn âÀ I m X -WÂ-h {][Ä-¡v s ³ sk j -j -b -I \m âÀ p-S-§n -bm-fn -sh³ C ¬ p X a-e ep-e p-amÄ e-sd m-{ã I§pw t e c n ep 00¯ -´-m Xp-S 260 n-b A -«n-bn ]pX mÄ-Km t_

{]hm-kn-I-fpsS Aw_m-kn-UÀ ae-_m-dn \n¶pw a-W-em-c-Wy-¯n-te-¡v kz-]v-\-§fp-am-bn F-¯n-s¸-« H-cp bp-hm-hv. KÄ-^v Po-hn-X-¯n-sâ

A-]-cn-Nn-X-Xz-¯n-te-¡v hÀ-j-§Ä-¡p aps¼¯nb B ]-s¯m³-]-Xp-Imc-sâ t]-cn-s\m-¸w C-¶p tN-cp-¶ hn-ti-j-W-§Ä \nch-[n. sF-Iy Ad-_v F-an-td-ävknse G-ähpw kzm-[o-\-ap-Å a-e-bm-fn hy-h-kmbn, B-dp KÄ-^v cm-Py-§-f-S§n-b Pn-kn-kn-bn-se 4þma-s¯ [\mVy³. cm-Py-¯p \n-¶v B-Zy-am-bn ]-ß ]p-ckv-Im-cw t\Snb {]-hm-kn. A-_p-Zm-_n tNw_À Hm^v sIm-ta-gvkv Bâ v C³-U-kv-{Snbp-sS `-c-Wk-an-Xn-bn Aw-KXzw e-`n-¨ B-Zy -hn-tZ-in, kÀ-¡mÀ ta-J-e-bv-¡p ]p-d-¯v Gä-hp-a-[n-Iw a-e-bm-fn-IÄ-¡v sXm-gn \Â-Ip-¶ hy-àn... C§-s\ Xr-iqÀ \m«n-I Fw sI am³-j-\n-se Fw F bq-k^-en F-¯n-s¸Sm-¯ D-b-c-§Ä h-f-sc-¡p-d-hv. Fw sI {Kq-¸n-eqsS hy-hkm-b {]-Xm-]-¯n-sâ D-b-c§Ä Io-g-S-¡p-t¼m-gpw, Ip-eo-\hpw lr-Zy-hpam-b s]-cp-am-ä¯n-eq-sS kw-cw-`-I-cp-sS C-S-bn hy-Xy-kv-X\m-Ip-I-bmWv bq-k-^-en. \m-«n-I K-h-¬-saâ v ^n-j-do-kv kv-Iq-fnepw, Im-cm©n-d skâ v tk-thy-gv-kv kv-Iq-fnepw ]T-\w ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n. Kp-P-dm-¯n \n-¶v _n-Ên\-Êv am-t\-Pvsaâ v Bâ v A-Uv-an-\n-kv-t{S-j-\n Un-t¹m-abpw t\Sn. A-Xn-\n-S-bn ho-W-pIn«nb A-h-[n-¡m-ew B-tLm-jn¡p-t¼m-gm-Wv B-Ikv-an-I-am-bn A-t±-l-¯n-\p KÄ-^v Po-hn-X-¯n-te-¡v {]-thi-\w e-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. 29 cm-Py-§fn- Fw-sI {Kq-¸n-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä hym-]n -¸n-¨v a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS A-`n-am-\-am-Ip-¶p bq-k-^-en-. A-_p-Zm-_n-bn-ep-Å Fw sI {_-tZ-gv-kv F-¶ ]-e-Nc-¡p I-S-bn ]n-Xm-hn-sâ k-tlm-Z-c-³ Fw- sI A-ÐpÅsb k-lm-bn¨m-bn-cp-¶p Xp-S-¡w. sIm-SpwNqSn ]-e-N-c¡v I-S-bn-te-¡v h-cp-¶ hen-b s]-«n-IÄ Np-a-¡p¶ ITn-\m-[zm-\-¯n-sâ Zn-\-cm-{X-§Ä. Cu Xn-c-¡p-IÄ-¡nSbn do-s«-bv cw-K-¯n-sâ- km-[y-X-Isf-¡p-dn-¨pÅ Nn-´-I-fm-Wv bq-k-^-en-bp-sS Po-hn-Xw am-än-a-dn¨Xv. bp-F-Cbpw ]p-tcm-K-a-\-¯n-sâ ]m-X-bnte-¡v k-©-cn-¡p-¶ Im-e-am-bn-cp-¶p AXv. hy-h-km-bh-fÀ-¨-bv¡v A\p-tbm-Pyam-b k-a-bw, kq-¸À am-À¡-äv F-¶ B-i-b-am-bn-cp-¶p BZyw bm-YmÀ-°y-am-¡n-bXv. CXv hn-P-b-am-b-tXmsS ssl-¸À-amÀ-¡-än-sâ km-[y-XI-fn-te-¡v. B-h-iy-¡m-À-¡v th-≠-sXÃmw H-cp Ip-S-¡ogn F-¶ ]pXn-b B-i-b-am-bn-cp-¶p C-Xn-\v ]n¶nÂ. AÂ-^-e ¹m-k F-¶ B tjm-¸nw-Kv tIm-w¹-Ivkv {]-hmkn-I-fp-sS A-`n-am-\-am-bn amdn. ]n-¶o-Sv F-fm-¸ Fw- sI A-ÐpÅ-bpsS k-lm-b-t¯m-sS AÂ-X-¿n-_v tImÄ-Uv kv-täm-td-Pv B-cw-`n¨p. a-Õyamw-k io-XoI-c-W hy-hkm-b-¯n-se hen-b kw-cw-`-am-bn C-Xpamdn. ]n-¶o-Sm-Wv ep-ep F-¶ t]-cn am-fp-I-fn-te-¡v I-S-¡p¶Xv. Cu kw-cw-`-¯n-te-¡v kz-tZ-io-bcpw hn-tZ-io-b-cpamb D-]t`m-àm-¡Ä {]-h-ln¨p. ]n-¶o-Sv h-fÀ-¨bp-sS \m-fp-IÄ. `-t£ym¸¶, Xp-Wn-¯-c I-b-äpa-Xn Øm-]\§Ä, sF-Sn skâ-dp-IÄ, jn-¸nw-Kv I-¼-\n Xp-S§n H-«-\h-[n ta-J-e-I-fn hnP-bw kz-´-am-¡n ap-t¶-dm³ bq-k-^-en-¡mbn. C-Xn-\n-sS bq-k-^-en-bp-sS km-{amPyw

sba³, ssN\, tlmt¦m-Mv, sI\n-b, Sm³km-\n-b, Ct´mt\-jy, Xm-bv-eâ v F-¶o cm-Py-§-fn-te-¡pw -hym-]n-¨p. hy-h-km-b-kw-cw-`-§-fn-se¶ t]m-se Po-hIm-cp-Wy-{]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fn-epw kPo-h km-¶n-[yam-b Fw-sI {Kq-¸n-sâ hn-äp-h-c-hv 2000 tIm-Sn tUm-f-dm-Wv. Xr-iqÀ ]p-gbv-¡Â ]m-S-¯v 45 tIm-Sn cq-] sN-ehn-«v \n-À-½n-¨ ep-ep CâÀ\m-j-W I¬-sh³-j³ skâ-dn-eq-sS-bm-bn-cp-¶p bp-k-^-en-bp-sS tI-c-f-¯n-se XpS¡w. C-´y-bn-se Gähpw hen-b c-≠ma-s¯ CâÀ\m-j-W I¬sh³-j³ skâ-dm-bn-cp-¶p C-Xv. ]n-¶o-Sm-bn-cp-¶p s\Sp-¼m-tÈ-cn-bn-se am-cn-bäv tlm«Â. tI-c-f¯nsâ Sq-dn-kw cwK¯v Cu c-≠p kw-cw-`-§Ä sIm-≠ph-¶ am-ä-§Ä sN-dp-XÃ. G-ähpsam-Sp-hn sIm-¨n-bn ]qÀ-¯nbm-b ep-ep amÄ. Zn-h-k-hpw 50,000¯n-e-[nIw D]-t`m-àm-¡-fmWv epepamfn-se-¯p-¶Xv. FwsI {Kq-¸n-sâ hnhn-[ kw-cw-`-§-fn-eq-sS G-I-tZ-iw 30,000 t]À-¡mWv bp-k^-en sXm-gn \Â-Ip-¶Xv. C-Xn 25,000 ¯ntesd t]cpw a-e-bmfn-Ifm-sW-¶XmWv {] kàw. kz-´w \mSm-b \m-«n-I-bnse H-cp Ip-Spw-_¯n-se H-cmÄ-s¡-¦nepw tPm-en \-ÂIp-I F¶-Xv bq-k-^-en-bp-sS Xo-cp-am-\am-Wv. a-e-bm-f-¡-c-bp-sS ap-I-fn-eq-sS KÄ-^n-te¡pw Xn-cn-¨pw ]-d-¡p-¶ FÃm hn-am-\-¯nepw bq-k-^entbm-Sp I-S-s¸-« H-cmsf¦nepw D-≠m-Ip-sa¶v {]i-kvX-\mb Hcp ] {X-{]-hÀ¯-I³ Fgp-XnbXv AXn-i-tbm-àn-b-Ã. C-sXÃmw I-W-¡n-seSp-¯m-bn-cn¡mw KÄ-^v \m-Sp-I-fn-se a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS Aw-_m-knUÀ F-¶ hn-tij-W-hpw C-t±-l-¯n-\p kz´-am-bXv. t_mÄ-Km-«n-bn \nÀ-½n-¡m³ D-t±-in-¡p¶ C-´y-bn-se G-ähpw hen-b A-´m-cm-{ã I¬-sh³-j³

skâ-dm-Wv tI-c-f-¯n-se A-Sp-¯ t{]m-P-Îv. t\-cn«pw AÃm-sX-bpw 20,000 ]p-Xnb sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§-fm-Wv C-Xn-eq-sS kr-ãn-¡-s¸-Sp-I. A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§-fpsS A-`m-hw {]-[m-\{]-iv-\-am-sW-¦nepw an-I-¨ am-\-hhn`hti-jn-, hn-am-\-¯m-hfw, {I-a-k-am-[m-\w, Xp-d-apJ-§Ä Xp-S-§n-bh tIc-f-¯n\v Kp-W-I-c-am-sW-¶v A-t±-lw I-cp-Xp¶p. s]m-Xp, kzIm-cy ]¦m-fn-¯-ap-f-f hn-I-k-\-amWv A-\p-tbm-Py-sa¶pw At±lw ]d-bp-¶p.

29


C O V E R

S T O R Y

B RAVI PILLAI

RP Group

70,0 ¡m 00 t]À s]-t À. G-d ¡v sX k-\ {Sm-sI n-b-]¦ m-gn BÀ Xp-S-§-an-¡Â pw a-e-b \Â-I §-f ]n ^ n-b-h cw-K-§m-fn-I p¶p A Ä nepw u-t≠ tI -c-f-¯-fn . tlm -Xn 3 k-P j k -«Â 5,0 o-h-w -\n-e q-sS nse {] -Po-hw. , B-t 00 C-´ Po-h -[m-\ dm-h cm-K yok yw Im-c p-W kw-cw-` v, D-]m , y {] -§-Ä -hÀ-¯ . -\-

a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS I-gn-h-dn-ª hyh-kmbn \m -fp-I-fp-sS {i-a-^-e-am-bn H-cp a-e-bmfn sI-«-n¸Sp-¯ hn-im-eam-b km-{am-Pyw, BÀ ]n {Kq¸v Hm-^v

I-¼\okv. hy-h-km-bn c-hn ]n-Å-bp-sS km-{am-Py-¯n-sâ A-Xn-cp-IÄ hn-im-e-am-Wv. Ggp cm-Py-§-fn-se ]-Xn-\-

30

©p \-K-c-§Ä tI-{µo-I-cn-¨v 70,000 Po-h-\-¡m-cp-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ Øm-]-\-amWv BÀ]n {Kq¸v. aq-¶p-dp tIm-Sn A-ta-cn-¡³ tUm-f-dmWv {]-XnhÀ-j hn-äp-h-c-hv. KÄ-^v cm-Py-§-fn-se F-® I-¼-\n-IÄ-¡v tI-c-fob-cp-sS I-gn-hn-epw C-´y¡m-cpsS {]-hÀ-¯-\an-I-hnepw kw-i-bw CÃm-X-m-b-Xn-sâ N-cn-{Xw ]-d-bp-t¼m-gm-Wv c-hn-]n-Å-bpsS kw-cw-`-I Po-hn-X-¯n-\p Xp-S-¡-amIp¶-Xv. ssh-Z-Kv-[y-t¯msS \-nÀ-½m-Ww ]qÀ-¯o -I-cn-t¡-≠ ]e tPm-en-Ifpw C-´y¡m-sc G¸n-¡p-hm³ I-¼-\n-IÄ ssh-apJyw Im-Wn-¨n-cp-¶ Im-e-L-«-¯n c-hn ]nÅ F³-F-kvF-¨v tIm-À¸-td-j-\n-eq-sS \-S¯n-b [o-camb C-S-s]-S-ep-I-fmbn-cp-¶p a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS ImÂ-shb-]v kp-K-a-am-¡nb-Xv. a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS I-gnhp Xn-cn-¨-dn-ª C-t±lw 24 am-k-¯n XoÀ-t¡-≠ hen-sbmcp HmÀ-UÀ t\Sn-s¡m-≠v kw-cw-`-IcwK-t¯-¡v IS-¶p h¶p. {]-Xn-k-Ôn-IÄ G-sd-bp≠m-bn-cp-¶p. ]n-¶o-Sp-Å Zn-h-k§Ä ITn-\m-[zm-\¯n-tâ-Xm-bn-. 20 am-k¯n\p-f-fn cm-Pym-´-c\ne-hm-c-¯n- ]²Xn ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n ssI-am-dn. ]n-¶o-Sp-Å \m-fp-I-fn tImÀ-¸td-j³ A-Ûp-X-Icamb h-fÀ-¨- ssI-h-cn-¨p. an-Un Cu-Ìnse F®, {]-Ir-Xn hm-X-I dn-ss^-\dn, F-\À-Pn, ÌoÂ, ]-hÀ Xp-S§n-b H-«-\h-[n ta-Je-I-fn-se \nÀ½m-W {]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä G-sä-Sp-¯v I-¼\n t\-«-§Ä ssI-hcn¨p. \nÀ-½mWcwK-¯v {i-² tI-{µo-I-cn-¡p-¶Xnt\m-sSm-¸w slÂ-¯v sIbÀ, Sq-dn-kw, tlm-kv-]näm-en-än, t{S-Unw-Kv, sF-Sn Xp-S-§n-b ta-J-e-I-fn-epw

BÀ ]n {Kq-¸v km-¶n-[y-a-dn-bn-¡p¶p. C¶v tem-I-¯n G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X t]À-¡v sXm-gn \Â-Ip-¶ I-¼-\nIfn-sem-¶mWv BÀ]n {Kq¸v. {Kq¸n tPmen sN¿p¶ 70,000¯ne-[n-Iw t]cn \sÃmcp iX-am-\hpw ae-bmfn-I-fmWv. A-Xn-\p]-cn tI-c-f-¯n-sâ a-®n H-«-\h-[n tIm-Sn-bp-sS \nt£-] {]-hÀ-¯\-§fpw Po-h-Im-c-pWy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§fpw I¼-\n \S-¯p¶p. tI-c-f-¯n {]-[m-\-ambpw I¬-kv-{S-£³, {Sm-h Bâ v Sq-dn-kw, hnZym-`ym-w, slÂ-¯v sI-bÀ F¶n-§s\ \mev taJ-e-Ifn-emWv I¼\n {][m-\-ambpw \nt£]w \S-¯p-¶-Xv. D-]m-k\ tlm-kv-]n-äÂkv, D-]m-k-\ kv-IqÄkv Hm-^v \-gv-knw-Kv F¶n-h B-Xp-ctk-h-\cw-K-¯v sImÃw BØm-\-am-bp-Å kw-cw-`-§-fmWv, A-´ÀtZio-b \n-e-hmc-¯n-te-¡v B-Xp-c-ip-{iqjcwK-s¯ ]-cn-hÀ-¯-\s¸Sp¯p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p Cu kw-cw-`-§-fn-eq-sS. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ sX-¡³ {]-tZ-i-§-fn B-tcmKycw-Kw \-ho-I-cn-¡p-¶Xn D-]m-k-\ B-ip-]-{X-n¡p-Å ]-¦v hf-sc h-ep-Xm-Wv. I¬-kv-{S-£³ cw-K-¯v c-hn ]n-Å-bpsS "KÄ-^v G-jy I¬-kv-{S-£³ C-´y' G-sd sXm-gn A-h-k-c-§Ä kr-ãn-¡p-¶p-≠v. G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X kp-c£nX sXm-gn a-Wn-¡q-dp-IÄ {]-Zm-\w sN-¿p-¶ Cu I¼\n tI-c-f-¯nse I¬-k-v{S-£³ I-¼-\n-IÄ-¡v ]n-´p-S-cm-hp-¶ amXr-I-bm-Wv. Sq-dn-kwcwK-¯v km-[y-X-IÄ a-\-kn-em-¡n \-S-¸n-em¡n-b dm-hokv F-¶ ]©\£-{X tlm-«Â, C-tXt]-cn X-s¶ tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv B-cw-`n-¨ ]-©\£{X tlm-«-ep-IÄ F¶nh a-e-bm-fn-I-sf am-{X-aà hn-tZiobscbpw A-Ûp-X-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xm-Wv. AXp-t]m-se X-s¶ G-sd sN-e-hn-«v BÀ-]n {Kq-¸v G-sä-Sp-¯ eoe tlm-«Â-kneq-sSbpw tI-c-f-¯n-sâ Sq-dn-kw ap-JÑm-b am-äm³ C-t±-l-¯n-\mbn. Nm-en-bmÀ ]p-g-bp-sS Xoc-¯v \nÀ-½n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ I-S-hv dn-tkmÀ-«nepw H-cp c-hn-]n-Å S-¨v Im-Wm³ km-[n-¡pw. C-sXÃmw tem-ISq-dn-kw am¸n-te-¡v \-½p-sS \m-Sn-s\- F-¯n-¡m-\pÅ {i-a-§-fpsS `m-Ka-- mWv. hn-Zym-`ym-kcwK-¯v D-]mk\ \-gv-knw-Kv tlm-am-Wv BÀ ]n- {Kq-¸n-sâ kw-`mh\. A-Xn-ep]cn Cu ]-²-Xn-I-fn-eq-sS-sbÃmw G-I-tZ-iw B-bn-cw tIm-Sn cq-]-bn-e-[n-Iw tI-c-f-¯n c-hn ]n-Å \n-t£-]n-¡p-Ibp-≠m-bn. 5000t¯m-fw a-e-bm-fn-IÄ-¡v C-hnsS sXm-gn \Â-Im\pw BÀ ]n {Kq-¸n-\v km-[n-¡p¶p. BÀ]n ^u-t≠j-sâ t\-Xy-¯n-em-Wv Po-h-Imcp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä \-S-¡p-¶Xv. kaq-l-hn-hm-lw, (h-[qh-c³-amÀ-¡v hn-Zym-`ymk tbm-Ky-X-IÄ A-\p-kcn-¨v tPm-enbpw \Â-Ipw), kp-\m-an _m[n-X {]-tZ-i-§fn- \-S-¯n-b C-S-s]-S-ep-I-Ä, Kp-P-dm-¯n-se `q-I-¼ {]-tZ-i-§-fn \-S¯n-b Zp-cn-Xm-izm-k {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä, km-¼-¯n-I-am-bn ]n-t¶m¡w \nÂ-¡p-¶ Ip-«nI-sf klm-bn-¡p-¶ kv-tIm-fÀ-jn-¸pIÄ XpS§n \nc-h[n Imcy§-fneqsS kPo-h-km¶n-[y-a-dn-bn-¡m³ ^ut­-­­≠j\v km[n¨p. cmPyw chn ]nf-fbv¡v ]ß{io ]p-c-kv-Imchpw \Â-In- BZ-cn¨p.


P MOHAMED ALI

GALFAR GROUP

m-cm À ´ â A -b³ ³ sk kw- n U n -j m sa-d h³ [m-\ -e-b se- I-¬-s n-se {] m-fw a Â-Ip{ã -c-f-¯ 00t¯ n \  tI w. 30,0 sXm-g -§-fn -K-§cw` Ä-¡p hÀ-j -Ky cw kn-b fn-I . hcpw -tcm pw. d t\-Xr ¶p n-kw, B -]n¡ n-sâ y{]{S-Ì m-cp-W hw. Sq-d \n-t£ Ä n  n f -cn-ä_ Po-h-I k-Po Nm n -fn -\-§ Xz-¯ ¯ À h

tem-Iw A-S-bm-f-s¸-Sp¯n-b kw-cw-`I³ XriqÀ h-e-¸m-Sv t]m-fn-sS-Iv-\n-¡n \n¶pw kn-hn F³-Pn\ob-dnw-Kn Un-t¹m-a I-c-Ø-am-¡n-b bp-hm-hv

B-Zy-a-Wnª-Xp ]-«m-f-¡mc-sâ th-jw. C-´y-bp-sS h-S-¡p-I-n-g-¡³ kw-Øm-\-§-fn-em-bn-cp¶p Icn-b-dnsâ XpS¡w. ]n-¶o-Sv _n-kn\-kv Xp-S-§-W-sa¶ tam-l-hpam-bn F-¯n-b-Xv Zp-_m-bnÂ. A-hn-sS \n¶pw H-am-\nte¡v. tIh-ew A-©v C-´y¡m-cp-sSbpw G-Xm\pw H-am³ kz-tZ-in-I-fp-sSbpw ]n-´p-W-bn B 23 h-b-kpIm-c³ H-am-\n H-cp I¬-kv-{S-£³ I¼-\n B-cw-`n-¨p. _n-kn-\-kn ]-¦m-fnbm-bn-cp¶ Ad-_n cm-{ão-bIm-cW-§-fm ]n-·m-dn-b-t¸mÄ B bp-hm-hv ]-X-dm-sX ]nSn-¨p \n-¶p. {]-Xn-k-ÔnI-sf A-Xn-Po-hn¨p. A-sXm-cp Xp-S-¡-am-bn-cp¶p. ]nÂ-¡me¯v tem-Iw A-S-bm-f-s¸Sp¯n-b B kw-cw-`-am-Wv KÄ-^mÀ. {]-XnIq-e km-lN-cy-§-fn ]-X-dm-sX t]m-cmSnb B kw-cw-`-I-s\bpw tem-Iw tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯n, ]n ap-l-½-Zmen. H-am³, a-kv-¡äv, bp-F-C Xp-S-§n-b-bn-S-§-fn-em-bn hym-]n-¨p In-S-¡p-¶p A-t±-l-¯n-sâ _n-kn\-kv km-{amPyw. F-gp-]-Xp-I-fn-em-Wv _n-kn\-kv tam-l-hp-am-bn ]n ap-l-½-Zm-en Zp-_m-bn- F-¯p-¶-Xv. A-hn-sS \n¶pw H-am-\n-se-¯n KÄ-^mÀ F-¶ t]-cn I¬-kv-{S-£³ I¼-\n B-cw-`n-¨p. C-¶v Ham-\n-se G-ä-hpw hen-b I¬kv-{S-£³ I-¼-\n-bm-bn Cu kw-cw-`w h-fÀ-¶n-cn-¡p¶p. KÄ-^mÀ A-en F-¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶ Xr-iqÀ X-fn-¡p-fw kz-tZin N-µ-\-]-d-¼n ]n ap-l-½-Zm-en-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨ I-®S-¨p Xp-d-¡p-¶ th-K-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. H-am-\n-sebpw a-äp KÄ-^v cm-Py-§-fn-sebpw {]-i-kv-Xam-b KÄ-^mÀ F-¶ I¬-kv-{S-£³ I-¼-\n-bp-sS ta-[m-hn-bm-b-Xn-\p ]n-¶n ITn-\m-[zm-\-¯n-sâbpw ]-cn-{i-a-¯n-sâ-bpw N-cn{Xw X-s¶-bp≠v. H-am-\n F-¯n c-≠mw h-À-jw X-s¶ KÄ-^m-dn-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fp-am-bn A-t±-lw kw-cw-`-I cwK-¯v k-Po-ham-bn. F-® ]-cy-th-£Ww, A-g-¡p-Nm ]-²Xn, tdm-Up-IÄ, ]m-e-§Ä C§-s\ H-«-\h-[n A-Sn-Øm-\ ku-I-cy-hn-I-k-\ ]-²-Xn-I-fn ]-¦m-fn-bm-bn. ]n-¶o-Sm-bn-cp-¶p Po-hnX-¯n X-s¶ Gsd \nÀ-®m-b-Iam-b kpÂ-¯m-t\äv Hm^v Ham-sâ km-¼¯n-I hn-I-k-\-hp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-« ]-²-Xn-IÄ. CtXm-sS KÄ-^mÀ A-en-bp-sS Xe-h-c am-dp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. I¼-\n A-Xn-th-Kw h-fÀ-¶p. kn-hnÂ, sa-¡m-\n-¡Â, B-tcm-Kyw, Sq-dn-kw, PzÃ-dn Xp-S§n-b cw-K-§-fn km¶n-[y-ap-d-¸n-¨p. 65,000¯n-te-sd Poh-\-¡mcp-am-bn Cu kw-cw-`w C-¶p tem-I-s¯ X-s¶ {]-[m-\-s¸-« I¼-\nIfn-sem-¶m-bn am-dn-¡-gnªp. G-I-tZ-iw c-≠-c ]-Xn-äm-≠v ap³-]v Fw-^mÀ F-¶ t]-cn-em-Wv A-t±-lw C-´y-bn-te-¡p-Å h-c-h-dn-bn-¨-Xv. sN-ss¶, sIm¡-¯, _m-w¥qÀ F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn-embn-cp-¶p Xp-S-¡w. Cu {Kq-¸n-eq-sS-bm-bn-cp-¶p tI-c-f¯n-te-¡p-Å \n-t£]w. sIm-¨n-bn-se Ip-≠-¶q-cn X-e-bpbÀ-¯n \n-Â-¡p-¶ se -sa-dn-Un-b³ tlm«Â, tI-c-f-¯n-se G-ähpw hen-b CâÀ-\m-j-W I¬-

sh³-j³ skâÀ, F-¶n-h-bmWv {][m-\ kw-`m-h-\-IÄ. sIm-¨n-bn-se _m-¡vhm-«À Sq-dn-kw cw-K-¯n-\p ]p-¯³ D-WÀ-Æv \Â-Ip-hm³ Cu kw-cw-`-§-fn-eq-sS km-[n-¨p. sIm-¨n-bn-se I¬-sh³-j³ skâ-dn t{]m-{KmapIÄ h-¶-t¸mÄ A-Xn-eq-sS t\-«w sImbv-X Sq-dn-Ìv t_m-«p-IÄ, tlmw-tÌ D-S-a-IÄ Xp-S-§n-b-h-À G-sd-bmWv. C-Xp c-≠pw Iq-SmsX C³tUmþPÀ-½³ k-l-I-cW-t¯m-sS-bp-Å ImÀ_¬ en-anä-Uv I-¼\n, sIm-¨n³ kÀ-^m-Î-kv, sIm-¨n³ A-´m-cm-{ã hn-am-\-¯m-h-f I-¼\n (kn-bmÂ), Câ-{^m-kvs{S-I-¨À tI-c-f en-anä-Uv (C³-sIÂ) XpS-§n tI-c-f¯n-sâ hnI-k-\ {i-a§ -- fn \nÀ-®m-b-I-am-b Cu I-¼-\n-I-sfÃmw ap-l-½Zm-en-bp-sS IqSn t\-Xr-Xz¯n D-S-se-Sp-¯-h-bm-Wv. Iq-Sm-sX hn-Zym-`ym-kcwK¯v {]-i-kv-Xam-b FwC-Fkn-sâ km-c-Yn-I-fn H-cmfpw KÄ-^mÀ A-en Xs¶. C-¶v A-t±-l-¯n-sâ C-´ybn-sebpw hn-tZ-i-s¯bpw I-¼-\n-I-fnembn G-I-tZiw 65,000¯n-e-[n-Iw Bfp-IÄ tPm-en sN-¿p-¶p. C-Xn- 60 i-X-am-\-¯n-e[n-Iw a-e-bm-fn-I-fmWv. Sq-dnkw, hn-Zym-`ymkw, hn-h-ckm-t¦Xn-I hnZy, B-tcmKyw Xp-S-§n-b taJ-e-I-fn-em-Wv tI-c-f-¯nsâ km-[y-X-Isf-¶m-Wv KÄ-^mÀ A-en-bp-sS _nkn\-kv Im-gv-¨¸m-Sv. hcpw hÀ-j-§-fn Cu ta-J-e-Ifn-em-bn \n-ch-[n ]-²-Xn-IÄ \-S-¸n-em-¡m³ D-t±in¡p-¶-p-s≠-¶ hm-¡p-I-Ä A-t±-lw ]-¦p-h-bv-¡p¶p. Po-h-Im-cp-Wy cw-K¯pw KÄ-^mÀ {Kq-¸v kPo-h km¶n-[y-amWv. dkn-b Nm-cn-ä_n-Ä {S-Ìn-sâ B-`n-ap-Jy¯n-em-Wv Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä \-S-¸n-em¡p-¶Xv. kuP-\y Nn-In-

Õ, ho-Sp-IÄ \nÀ-½n-¨p \Â-Ip-I Xp-S§nb \n-c-h-[n Im-cy-§-fm-Wv d-kn-b-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-¯n \-S-¸n-em-¡p¶Xv. ]n-Fw ^u-t≠j-sâ B-`n-ap-Jy-¯n- hn-Zy-m`ymk cw-K¯pw Np-h-Sp-h-¨p I-gnªp. Hmtcm hÀ-jhpw B-bn-c-¡-W-¡n-\v an-Sp-¡cm-b hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ-¡mWv Cu {Kq-¸v kv-tIm-fÀ-jn-¸v \Â-Ip-¶Xv.Ip-Spw

31


C O V E R

S T O R Y

JOY ALUKKAS

Joy Alukkas Group

tPm -fn k kv ^ tN© m-j³n-Â-¡-vk 4000 v, tP Pzà v, amÄ 85e ¯n-te m-bv sP-dn, tP Hm-^ ¡Ä -[n-Iw -sd a-e -ä-vkv m-bv B v tPm-b Po-h . tPm tjm-dp -bm-fn F¶n-h -eq-¡m v, tPm -Im-c -bv B -ap-I -IÄ-¡ {] -kv a -bv B [ Ä -W p-W y {] -eq-¡m , 10 an v sXm-g m-\ k n F-I-eq-¡me k w -hÀ-¯ v ^ y-W n -cw-` v-k -\-¯ u-t≠ n-e-[n-I\Â-Ip -§Ä. vnepw j-sâ w D-] -¶p. k-P t\ -t`m o-hw -Xr-X -àm z-¯ nÂ

PqhÂdn cwK¯v amä-§Ä krjvSn¨p I Tn-\-{]-b-Xv-\-¯n-sâ Im-\-\-]m-XI-sf, I-\-I-]m -X-I-fm-¡n XoÀ-¯ hy-àn-bm-Wv tPm-bv B-ep-¡mkv.

C-¶p Im-Wp-¶ ku-`m-Ky-§Ä H-¶p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-¶nÃ. s]m-¶n sIm-«m-cw XoÀ-¡p-hm-\p-Å B bm-{X sh-dpsX-bm-bn-sÃ-¶p tPm-bv B-ep-¡m-kn-sâ kw-cw-`-I-Po-hnA-ѳ hÀ-Ko-kv sP B-ep-¡-bp-sS kzÀ-®-¡-S-bn-se Xw X-s¶ sX-fn-bn-¡p¶p.w {]-hr-¯n-]-cn-N-b-¯n-sâ ]n³-_-e-¯n I-S-ep-IÄ]m-c-¼-cy-am-bn _n-kn-\-kn-t\m-Sv B-`-nap-Jy-ap-Å Ip¡-¸pd-s¯ km-[y-X-IÄ tXSn bm-{X Xn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ, Spw-_-¯n P-\n-¨-Xn-\m kam-\ ta-J-e-bn-te-¡pÅ I-S-¶phc-hv kp-K-aam-bn-cp¶p. 1956  ]n-Xm-hv hÀ-Kokv sP B-ep-¡ Øm-]n-¨ kzÀ-® hym-]mc-Øm-]-\-am-bn-cp-¶p h-gn¯n-c-nhp-IÄ kr-ãn¨-Xv. B I-S-bp-sS ssZ-\w Zn\ \-S-¯n-¸n-se Np-a-Xe-IÄ G-sä-Sp¯p-sIm-≠v tPm-bv kw-cw-`-Isâ Kp-W§Ä t\-Sn-sb-Sp¯p. ]n¶o-Sm-bn-cp-¶p kz-´-am-bn H-cp _n-kn\-kv F-¶ B{K-lp-am-bn I-S I-S-¡p¶Xv. 1980I-fn an-Un `h\ hmbv] Cu-Ìn D-≠m-b -am-äkt¥m-j-Øn-te-s°mcp §Ä kzÀ-®hym-]mc-¯n-\v D-X-Ip-¶ a-®mbn A-Xns\ ]-cp-h-s¸Sp-¯n-bn-cp¶p. C-Xp a-\-kn-em¡nb tPm-bv 1987 A-_p-Zm-_n-bn BZy-tjm-dp-w Xp-d-¶psIm≠v kw-cw-`I-sâ th-j-aWnªp. ]-t£, ]-cmP-b-am-bn-cp-¶p ^ew. ]-cm-P-b-§-fn ]-X-d-cp-Xv F-¶ kw-cw-`-IX-¯zw A-dn-bm-hp-¶-Xv sIm-≠p Xs¶ \n-cm-i-\m-bn a-S§n-bnÃ. ho≠pw kzÀ-®¯n X-s¶ Xsâ `mKyw Dc-¨p t\m-¡p-hm³ Xo-cpSBT `h\ hmbv] am-\n-¨p. Zp-_m-bn H-cp  anX-amb ]eni tjm-¸v Iq-Sn B-cw-`n-¨p. ]n efn-X-amb hyh-ÿ-Iƒ ¶o-Sv _n-kn\-kv tem-Iw  hmbv] Hmh¿{Um^v‰mbn I≠-Xv bp-F-C, A-_p-Zm Xncn-®-S-hn\v ]c-am-h[n Imem-h[n _n, J¯À, H-am³, A-se300 e£w hsc hmbv ]  bv³ Xp-S§n-b H-«-\h-[n  ]en-i-bn¬ \nIpXn Cfhv \m-Sp-I-fn-em-bn 85 e-[n-Iw (sFSn BIvSv 24 {]Imcw) tjm-dq-ap-I-fpw 10 an-eyWne-[n-Iw D-]-t`m-àm-¡fp-am-bn tPm-bv B-eq-¡mkv h-f-cp-¶-XmWv. C-¶v Sobhagya

]Sn-hm-Xn¬

tÉv _m¶v Hm^v {Smh≥Iq¿

32

B t]cm-tWm, {Kq¸mtWm Iq-Sp-X h-ep-Xv F-¶-dnbm³ ]-äm-¯ co-Xn-bn C-g-tNÀ-s¯-Sp¯ hn-izm-k-ambn A-Xv am-dn-. e-≠-\n-se tjmdpw Iq-Sn {]-hÀ-¯\kÖ-am-¡ns¡m-≠v bq-tdm-]y³ hn-]-Wn-bn-te¡pw IS-¶p sN-¶n-cn-¡p¶p. kzÀ-® hy-m]m-c-¯n B-cw-`n-¨ Cu kw-cw-`w C-¶v am-fp-IÄ, h-kv-{X hnÂ-¸-\im-eIÄ, hnam-\ kÀ-ho-kp-IÄ, a-Wn F-Iv-kv-tN©-pIÄ Xp-S§n-b hnhn-[ ta-J-e-I-fn-te-¡v hym]n¨p. ^m-j³ kn¡-vkv cwK-¯v ]p-¯³ ]-²-Xn-I-fp-ambn F¯n-b tPm-bv B-eq-¡m-kn-sâ sh-Ínw-Kv skâÀþ tPm-fn kn-¡vkv, am-fp-I-fp-sS tem-I-t¯-¡v a-e-bm-fnIsf F-¯n-¡p-¶ amÄ Hm-^v tPm-bv, B-`-c-Wcw-K-¯v tPm-bv B-eq-¡m-kv ^m-j³ PzÃ-dn, a-Wn -{Sm³-kv^À cwK-¯v tPm-bv B-eq-¡m-kv a-Wn F-Iv-kv-tN©v, thymaK-Xm-K-X cwK-s¯ ]p-¯³{]-Xo-£ tPm-bv sPäv-kv F-¶n-h-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv tI-c-f-¯n-sâ hy-m-hkm-bn-I a-®n tPm-bv B-ep-¡m-kv {Kq-¸v thcp-d-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. H¼-Xn-te-sd cm-Py-§-fn-em-bn C¯-cw kw-cw-`-§-fn-eq-sS-sbÃmw 6000t¯m-fw t]À-¡m-Wv tPmbv B-eq-¡m-kv {Kq-¸v tPm-en \Â-Ip-¶Xv. C-Xn- 80 i-X-am-\hpw a-e-bm-fn-I-fm-Wv. sIm-¨n tI-{µo-I-cn-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶ tPm-bv sP-ävkv, tI-c-f-¯n-se kÀ-ho-kv cw-K-¯n-\v A-`n-am-\n-¡m-hp-¶ H-¶p X-s¶-bm-Wv. a-Wn F-Iv-kvtN-©v cw-K-¯v FÃmhn-[ ku-I-cy-§-fp-am-bn F-¯n-b tPm-bv B-eq-¡m-kv a-Wn F-Iv-kv-tN©pw sIm-¨n-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶p. Cu kwcw-`-¯n\v Ct¸mÄ F«v Hu«vse-äpIfm-Wp-Å-Xv. tPmbv Hm-^v amÄ F-¶ t]-cn hcp¶ ]²-Xn-bneqsS B-bn-cw tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS \n-t£-]-am-Wv H-cp h-À-j-¯n-\p-Ån tI-c-f-¯n-se-¯p-I. tIm-gn-t¡mSpw tIm-«-b-¯pw Xr-iq-cnepw Xn-cp-h-\-´]p-c-¯-saÃmw C-¯-c-¯n-ep-Å am-fp-I-Ä hcpw. a-Wn F-Iv-kvtN©v Hm-^o-kp-I-fp-sS {]-hÀ¯-\w Iq-Sp-X hn-]p-e-am-¡m\p-Å- ]-²-Xn-I-fpw B-hn-jv-I-cn-¡p-¶p-≠v. 100 aWn FIvkvtN©pIÄ Bcw-`n-¡m-\mWv ]²-Xn-bn-Sp-¶-Xv. h-kv-{XcwK-¯v Iq-Sp-X tjm-¸p-IÄ B-cw-`n¨p-sIm-≠v tPm-fn knÂ-¡-vkn-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§fpw hn-]p-eo-I-cn¡pw. tPm-bv B-eq-¡m-kv ^u-t≠j-sâ B-`n-ap-Jy-¯nem-Wv Po-h-Im-cp-Wycw-K-s¯ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä. \nÀ-[-\ cm-b hy-àn-IÄ-¡v ho-Sp \nÀ-½n-¨p \Â-IpI, km-¼¯n-I k-lm-b-w \ÂIp-I F-¶p-ÅXv ^u-t≠j-sâ {]-Jym]n-X e-£y-§-fm-Wv. »-Uv tUm-tWgv-kv t^mdhpw C-Xn-sâ `m-K-am-bp≠v. Rm³ c-àw sIm-Sp-¯p \n-§Ä sIm-Sp-¡m³ X-¿mdm-tWm? F¶ tNm-Zy-¯n-sâ ]q-c-I-§-fm-Ip-hm³ sXm-gn-em-fn-Ifpw X-¿m-dm-b-tXm-sS tImÀ-¸-td-äv cwK-¯v H-cp ]pXn-b am-Xr-I-bmWv Cu {Kq-¸v kr-ãn-¨Xv. C-Xv h-sc 10 »-Uv sUm-tW-j³ Iym-¼p-I-Ä \-S-¯n.


AZAD MOOPEN

DM Healthcare

n-se ¯ -§ f I-c hÀ-j -bp-sS t n-h cpw cq-] -h-k F¶ Ä. h tIm-Sn Xm-gne m-fnv s -b nw-k -§ 0 v, h w-cw-`n 230 m-fw -fw a-e k anw m-\ k-f-¯ ,000t¯t¯m {][ tI-c pw, 15 w. 4000 Ip-¶p fn £-]-h -cp-¡p \Â\n-t fpw H Xm-gn c-§ ¡v s IÄ

Btcm-Ky-cw-K¯v \ho-I-cWw km[y-am¡n tImgn-t¡m-Sv sa-Un-¡Â tIm-tf-Pn-se A-[ym-]I-\n \n¶pw H-cp sa-Un-¡Â tIm-tf-Pn-sâ Øm-]-

I³ F-¶ D-bÀ-¨-bn-te-¡p-Å Zq-cw ITn-\-{]-b-Xv-\-¯ntâ-XmWv. a-e-_m-dn-se C-S¯-cw Ip-Spw-_-¯n ]n-d¶v, tem-I B-tcm-Ky-`q-]-S-¯n-sâ s\-dp-I-bn-te-¡p h-fÀ-¶ kw-cw-`-I-\m-Wv tUm-ÎÀ B-km-Zv aq-¸³. H-cp sNdnb ¢n-\n-¡n XpS§n tem-Iw A-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶ Un-Fw slÂ-¯v sI-bÀ F-¶ I-¼-\n-bpsS hnhn-[ {_m³-UpI-fn-eqsS B-Xp-cm-e-b-§-fp-sS ]-Xn-hv k-¦Â-¸-§Ä s]m-fn-s¨-gp-Xn A-t±lw. H-cp tUm-ÎÀ-¡pw kw-cw-`I-\m-Im-sa-¶Xn-t\m-sSm¸w s]m-Xp-P-\ tk-h-I-\pam-Im-sa¶p sX-fn-bn-¨p sIm-≠p B-tcm-Ky-cw-K-¯v k-ar-²n-bp-sS tX-tcm-«w \-S-¯p-¶ aq-¸-sâ kw-cw-`IPo-hn-X-¯n-te-¡v. Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fp-sS `m-K-am-bn-«m-Wv tUm-ÎÀ B-km-Zv aq-¸³ B-Zy-am-bn Zp-_m-bn F-¯p-¶Xv. B \-K-c-t¯m-Sv tXm¶n-b BIÀj-Ww ]n-¶oSpw A-t±l-s¯ A-hn-sS F-¯n-¡p-Ibm-bn-cp-¶p. c-≠mw h-c-hn tUm. A-en-bp-sS A-Pv-am-\n se ¢n-\n-¡n tPm-en t\m-¡p-I F-¶ e-£y-hp-ap-≠mbn-cp¶p. C-¡m-e-b-f-hn K-Ä-^n-se B-tcm-Ky-cw-K-s¯ km-[y-X-IÄ A-t±-lw Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªp. ]n-¶oSv kz-´amsbm-cp ¢n-\n-¡v Zq-_m-bn B-cw-`n¨p-sIm-≠v kw-cw-`Icw-K-t¯-¡v I-S-¶ph-¶p. tijw A-t±-l-¯n\vv Xn-cªp-t\m-t¡-≠n h-¶nÃ. 150 A-[n-Iw B-ip]{XnI-fp-am-bn B bm-{X ap-t¶m-«p X-s¶. f-¯ a-e-_mÀ C³-Ìn-äyq-«v Hm-^v sa-Un-¡Â k-b³-kv en-an-ä-Uv F-¶ t]-cn tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv B-cw-`n-¨ anw-kv B-bn-cp-¶p- tI-c-f-¯n B-km-Zv aq¸-sâ B-Zykw-cw`w. km-[m-c-W- P-\-§Ä-¡v Ipdª sNe-hn anI¨ Nn-In-Õ \ÂIp-Ibm-bn-cp-¶p e-£yw. ]n-¶o-Sm-bn-cp-¶p h-b-\m-Sv sa-Un-¡Â tIm-sf-Pv B-cw-`n-¨-Xv. A-´ÀtZio-b \n-e-hm-c-apÅ hn-Zym-e-b-§-fp-sS ir-wJ-e B-cw-`n-¡m\pw aq-¸³ B-{K-ln-¡p-¶p. \-ho-Ic-Ww F-¶- hm-¡v tI-c-f-¯nsâ B-tcm-Kycw-K-¯v {]m-hÀ-¯nI-am-¡n F-¶p-Å-Xm-Wv aq-¸-sâ B-Xp-cm-e-b-§-fp-sS {]-tXy-I-X. H-«-\h-[n {]-hm-kn kw-cw-`-I-cpw kz-tZ-in kw-cw-`-Icpw Cu cw-K-t¯-¡v IS-¶p h-cp-¶-Xn\pw aq¸sâ Cu {i-a-§Ä k-lm-b-I-am-bn. hn-tZ-i¯pw kztZ-i¯p-ap-Å Øm-]-\-§-fn-eq-sS 12,000 t]À-¡v sXm-gn \Â-Ip¶p. Pnkn-knbn tPm-en sN-¿p-¶-Xn 5000 t]À a-e-bm-fn-I-fm-Wv. h-cp-¶ aq-¶p hÀ-j-¯n-\p-Ån 2300 tIm-Sn cq-]-bpsS \n-t£-]-am-Wv B-km-Zv aq-¸-\n-eq-sS tI-c-f-¯n-tes¡-¯p-¶-Xv. A-Xn G-ähpw {]m-[m\yw AÀ-ln-¡p¶Xv sIm-¨n-bn 40 G-¡-dn 1500 tIm-Sn sN-e-hn \n À-½n-¡p-¶ sa-Uvkn-än-bmWv. c-≠p-L-«-§-fn-em-bn 32 e-£w N-Xp-{c-{ib-Sn hn-kv-XoÀ-®-¯n ]qÀ-¯n-bm¡p-¶ Cu ]-²-Xn-bn-eq-sS sIm-¨n-bp-sS B-tcm-Ky k-¦Â-¸-§Ä X-s¶ s]m-fn-s¨-gp-Xp-hm³ km-[n-¡p-sa¶m-Wv I-cp-X-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. 500 t]À-¡n-cn-¡m-hp-¶ I¬-

sh³-j³ skâÀ, tlm-«Â, Po-h-\-¡mÀ-¡p-Å Xm-akku-Icyw F¶n-h-bpw A-\p-_-Ô-am-bn H-cp-¡p-¶p. anw-kn-sâ hn-I-k-\-¯n-\m-bn 500 tIm-Sncq-]bpw I-®qÀ aÄ-«n kv-s]-jym-enän tlm-kv-]näen-\m-bn 200 tIm-Sn cq-]-bpw h-I-bn-cp-¯n-bn-«p≠v. h-b-\m-Sv C³-kv-änäyq-«v Hm-^v sa-Un-¡Â k-b³-kn-\pw (hnw-kv), h-b-\m-Sv sa-Un-¡Â tIm-tf-Pn-\pw th≠n 300 tIm-Sn cq-]bpw sN-e-h-gn-¡pw. C-¯-c-¯n hn-]p-eamb ]-²-Xn-I-fm-Wv H-cp-§p-¶Xv. Cu ]-²-Xn-Ifn-eq-sS-sbÃmw 15,000t¯mfw sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§-fm-Wv hcpw hÀ-j-¯n-\p-Ån tIc-f-¯n kr-ãn-¡-s¸-Sp-I. tIc-fw s]m-Xp-th \n-t£-]-tbm-Kyam-b kwØm-\-am-sW-¶m-Wv A-t±l-¯n-sâ A-`n-{]m -bw. I-gn-ª 10 hÀ-j-ambn Xm³ tI-c-f-¯n-epw k-Po-h-am-bn _n-kn\-kv \-S-¯p-¶p. k-Xy-k-Ô-ambn kw-cw-`w B-cw-`n-¡p-¶hÀ-¡v tIc-fw tbm-Pyam-b Ø-eam-sW¶pw A-t±-lw Iq-«n-t¨À-¡p-¶p. tUm-ÎÀ aq¸³kv ^u-t≠j-³ F-¶ t]-cn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ {]-tXy-I hn-`m-K-¯n-eq-sSbm-Wv Un-Fw slÂ-¯v sI-b-dnsâ Po-h-Imcp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä. "k-aq-l¯n-\v Xnc-n¨p \ÂIp-I' F¶-Xv B-]v-X-hm-Iy-am-¡n B-Xp-ctk-h-\cw-K-¯pw a-äp ta-J-e-I-fn-epw am-XrIm-]-c-am-b tk-h-\-§-fmWv Cu {Kq-¸v \-S-¯p-¶-Xv. km-[m-c-W-¡mcmb tcmKn-IÄ-¡v ku-P-\y Nn-InÕ-bpw ^u-t≠-j-\n-eq-sS \Â-Ip¶p. ku-P-\y lr-Z-b i-kv-{X-{In-b, ss_-¸m-kv kÀ-P-dn Xp-S-§n-b-hbpw C-Xn DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶p. ]m-hs¸-«-hÀ-¡v G-sd kp-c-£ F-¶-Xm-Wv C-hn-Sp-s¯ {]-tXy-I-X. anw-kv Nm-cn-ä-_n Ä {S-Ìv, F-wsFFÂCFkv, km^n F-¶o k-

tlm-Z-c Øm-]-\-§fpw Nm-cn-än-bp-sS `m-K-am-bn {]-hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p-≠v. kz-Im-cy kz-¯n-sâ 20 i-X-am-\w Po-h-Im-cp-Wy{]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡m-bn \o-¡n-sh¨ B-kmZv aq-¸-\v 2010 Cu tk-h-\-§-sfÃmw I-W-¡n-se-Sp-¯v cmPyw ]-ß-{io \Â-Inbn-cp-¶p. t\mÀ-¡ dq-«v-kn-sâ U-b-dIv-S-dp-am-Wv Ct±lw.

33


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S T O R Y

BR Shetty

NMC Healthcare UAE Exchange

200 a-e-b00t¯m \n¶ m-fn-I -fw t] 1,12, v dn{I Ä. Hmt À-¡v s B-t 500 tI q«v sN cm am Xm-gn- ]-b Km-fX m-Sn cq ¿p¶p -khpw \ B-bp-sS h -e-¯n -]-bp-sS. I-gn-ª]p-Xn-b-Ip-¶p. ym-]  \ hym kr-ã n-c-¡-W km 200 t CXn m-cw S ] ¯ m n-¡-s -¡n C-´ n-b -c-am -¼¯ ]-sc 1000 ¸Sp -\v sX y-bn-e Xv. C -Wv b n-I h tI-c 0t¯ I m-gne m-bn -Xn- p-F-C À-j -f-¯ m-fw -h-k -cp¶ X-s¶ F -¯n n -I -c-§ p. ]p -fm-W Xn-b 34,500 v-kv-tN-© v hc ]-² tIm-S v pw h -Xn-I n cq À-j -fn-e -§-f q-sS n-Â

Hcp-§p¶p, tIm-Sn-I-fp-sS \n-t£-]-¯n\v 1972 ^mÀa-kn _n-cp-Z-hp-am-bn H-cp \m-«n³]p-d-¯p-Im-c³ bp-F-C-bn h-¶p-s¸-«p. ]nÂ-¡m-e-¯v

B-Xp-cip-{iq-j-, [-\-hn-\na-bw F-¶o ta-J-e-I-fn A-{]-am-ZnXzw sX-fn-bn-¨v B ssP-{X-bm{X C¶pw Xp-S-cp¶p. _n BÀ sj-«n- F-¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ tUm _-h-Kp-Xp H-cp _nkn-\Êv km-{amPyw sI-«n-¸-Sp¯ AbmÄ tem-I c-Lpdmw sj-«n F-¶ kw-cw-`-I³ B-ß-hn-izm-k-hpw, Zr{]-i-kv-Xamb -_pÀ-Pv Jeo-^ S-h-dn-sâ c-≠v ^v-tfm-dpV-\nÝ-bhpw sIm-≠v t\-Sn-sb-Sp-¯ t\-«-§-fm-Wv C-hIÄ kz-´-am-¡n hmÀ-¯-I-fp-sS tem-I¯pw Xm-c-ambn. sbms¡. bp-F-C FIvkv-tN©pw F³-Fw-kn slÂ-¯v sI-b-dp-am-Wv A-t±-l-¯nsâ Øm-]-\§Ä. temI-s¯ 5 h³-I-c-I-fn 30 cm-Py-§-fn-em-bn 700 im-J-I-fpw 60 e-£w D-]t`m-àm-¡-fp-am-bn I¼-\n ap-t¶-dp-I-bmWv. e≠³ kv-täm-¡v F-Iv-kv-tN-©n {]o-an-bw en-Ìnw-Kv K-W¯n DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶ I¼-\n F-¶ hn-ti-j-Whpw F³Fw-kn slÂ-¯v sI-b-dn\p-≠v. bp-F-C-bn slÂ-¯vsI-bÀ ta-J-e A-Xn-sâ ssi-i-hZ-i ]n-¶n-Sp-¶Xn-\p ap-¼mWv -A-t±lw Cu cw-K-¯n-sâ km-[yX-IÄ ap-X-se-Sp-¯v- -BZykw-cw-`w, F³-Fwkn sl¯vsI-bÀ, Xp-S-§p¶Xv. {]-Y-a kw-cw-`-¯nsâ hn-P-b-t¯m-sS A-t±lw km¼-¯n-Itk-h\w, a-cp-¶pÂ-¸mZ-\w F-¶o ta-J-e-I-fn-te-¡pw C-d§n-s¨¶p. km-¼¯n-I cwK-s¯ A-h-k-c-§Ä a-\-kn-em-¡n- bp-F-C F-Ivkv-tN-©v B-cw-`n-¨-Xv _n BÀ sj-«n-bp-sS ZoÀ-L-ho£-W-¯n-sâ sX-fn-hm-bncp-¶p. hn-tZi-¯v Xm-akn-¡p-¶-hÀ-¡p th≠n ]-Ww A-b¡Â, t^m-dn³ F-Iv-kv-tN-©v _n-kn\-Êv F-¶o B-i-b-§Ä sIm≠p-h-cn-Ibpw A-Xn-sâ h³hn]-W-\ km-[y-X-. D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX-tXm-sS bp-F-C F-Iv-kvCorporate Office: Capstocks Towers, Thakaraparambu Road, Fort, Trivandrum -695023. tN-©v hn-P-b-c-Y-¯n-te-dn. Tel: 0471-2461745, 2463518 Fax: 0471-2461946. e-mail:capstock@vsnl.com www.capstocks.com Toll free number: 1800 425 4744 iàam-b \n-b{´-W kwhn-[m-\-§Ä D-]-tbm-Kn¨v a-cp-¶p-IÄ D¸m-Zn-¸n-

34

¡p-¶ \ntbm^mÀ-abpw _n BÀ sj-«n-bp-sS kw-cw`w Xs¶. a-Wn {Sm³-kv^À hn-]-Wn-bp-sS 6 i-X-am-\w hn-ln-Xw- ssI-b-S-¡n- A-Xn-th-Kw h-f-cp-I-bm-Wv bpFC FIvkvtN©v. I-gn-ª km-¼¯n-I hÀ-j-¯n am-{Xw 1,12,500 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hym-]m-c-am-Wv bp-F-C F-Iv-kvtN-©v B-tKm-fX-e-¯n \-S-¯n-bXv. C-Xn-ÂX-s¶ 34,500 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hym-]m-cw C-´y-bn-embncp¶p. km-aqln-I hy-mhkmbnI C-S-s]-S-ep-IÄ I-W-¡n-se-Sp¯v cmPyw At±-l-¯n\v ]-ß-{io, {]hm-kn `m-cXo-b k-½m³ F¶nh \ÂIn BZ-cn-¨p. F³-Fw-kn, bp-F-C F-Iv-kv-tN©v F-¶nhnS§-fnem-bn G-I-tZ-iw 20,000t¯m-fw hy-àn-I-fm-Wv tPm-en sN-¿p-¶-Xv. C-h-cn 10000t¯m-fw t]À a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-w. sIm-¨n tI-{µ-am-¡n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ bp-FC F-Iv-kvtN-©-n-\v tI-c-f-¯n am{Xw \q-tdm-fw {_m-©p-I-fp≠v. {]-Xn-am-kw Cu Øm-]-\-§-fn-te-¡v 200e-[n-Iw BfpI-sf ]p-Xn-b-Xm-bn tPm-en-s¡-Sp-¡p-¶-p. C-´y-bn-se G-ähpw hen-b hn-tZ-i\m-W-b I-b-äpa-Xn I-¼-\n-bm-Wv bp-F-C F-Iv-kv-tN©v. Znh-kw C-cp]-Xv tImSn-tbm-fw cq-]-bp-sS I-b-äp-a-Xnbpw, A-{X-t¯m-fw X-s¶ a-Wn {Sm³-kv-^À {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fp-amWv \-S-¡p-¶Xv. B-Zy-Ime-L-«-§-fn {]-hm-kn-IÄ¡v \m-«n-te-¡v F-fp-¸-¯n ]Ww A-b¡p-¶-Xn-\p-Å kw-hn-[m-\§Ä H-¶-pw X-s¶bp-≠m-bn-cp-¶nÃ. Cu-b-h-k-c-¯n-em-Wv ]-W-an-S]m-Sp\-S-]-Sn-IÄ e-Lq-I-cn¨p-sIm-≠p bpF-C F-IvkvtN©v {]-hÀ¯-\w B-cw-`n-¨-Xv. CXv {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-IÄ¡v Gsd klm-bIam-bn. \qdp-tIm-Sn-tbm-fw cq-]-bpsS \n-t£-]-am-Wv _n BÀ sj-«n bpF-C F-Iv-kv-tN-©n \-S-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. Cu hÀjw _m-¦nw-Kv sse-k³kv In-«p-¶-X-\p-k-cn-¨p 500 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS \n-t£-]-w \-S-¯n-s¡m-≠v cmPy-sam-«m-sI h-f-cm-\p-Å ]-²-Xnbpw bpF-C F-Iv-kv-tN-©-n-\p≠v. 2012 13500 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS {Sm³-km-£-\mWv bp-F-C F-Iv-kv-tN-©v h-gn kw-Øm\¯p \-S-¶Xv. hn-]q-eoI-c-W {]-hÀ-¯\-§-Ä-s¡m-¸w X-s¶ B-tcm-Kycw-K¯pw tI-c-f-¯n \n-t£-]w \-S-¯pw. Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-c-s¯ F-kvbpän tlm-kv-]n-ä- kq-¸À kv-s]-jy-men-än tlm-kv-]n-äe -- m-bn \-ho-I-cn-¡m-\p-Å {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fm-Wv BZy ]-²Xn. Xp-SÀ¶v tI-c-f-¯n-epw C-´y-bn-epw B-tcm-Ky-]-cn-]me-\cwK-¯v B-Xp-c-em-b-§-fp-sS H-cp irw-J-e Øm-]n¡m-\mWv A-t±-lw {i-an-¡p-¶Xv. B-ZyL-«-¯n 200 tIm-Sn cq] \nt£-]n-¡pw. km-aq-ly tk-h-\cwK-¯pw hf-sc-b-[nIw kPo-hamWv _n BÀ sj«n. F-{X-t¯m-fw ]-¦p-sh-bv-¡m³ I-gn-bp-¶p F-¶-Xn-em-Wv b-YmÀ-° k-t´m-j-sa-¶mWv A-t±-l-¯n-sâ A-`n-{]mbw. kp-\m-an Zp-c´-¯n \-ã-§Ä kw-`-hn-¨-hÀ-¡v k-lm-b-hp-am-bn _n- BÀ sj-«nbpw H-¸-ap-≠m-bn-cp-¶p. _w-¥m-tZ-in-se sh-Å-s¸m¡w, Kp-P-dm-¯n-se-bpw e-¯q-cn-sebpw `q-an-Ip-ep-¡w Xp-S§nb {]-Ir-XnZp-c-´-§-fn Zp-cn-X-a-\p-`-hn-¨-hÀ¡pw km-¼¯n-I k-lm-b-§Ä \Â-In-bn-cp-¶p.


JAVAD HASSAN

NEST

Network Systems & Technologies

w m{X a v  y-bn -¿p¶Xc 2000 p-sS ´ C sN p-h-s -]-b -bn -§ÄPm-en C-X m-Sn cq -bp-am c t -k I ^ n n-e-h n-bn -c-f-¯ 1000 t n In³-{ m g m -\ tI n n. v] sX m-b -mfw p-¶ I-¼n-IÄ. w \-S-¯-§-fp-a l-sS-¡ À-j-¯ -] -k ss n-I h p. 0t¯ N-¿ -bm-f 10,00 m-\w s -fw a-e \n-t£m-gn-e-hn-¡p¶ m-¼¯ n-¡p¶ {]-Z 0t¯m -]-bp-sS,000 sXØm-] u k -Xo-£ 900 m-Sn cq pw 10 -dn w`w. C c-hv {] tI £-]-h0 G-¡ kw-c hn-äp-h \n-t À-¶v 3 pXn-b -bp-sS tN m-Wv ]Sn cq-] À-¡ tIm1600

sFSn apt¶-ä-¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn¨p hniz-{]-kn-²amb tXm-jn-_bpw ln-äm-¨n-bp-aS-¡w \n-ch-[n {_m³-Up-IÄ hn-izm-k-aÀ-¸n-¡p-¶ I-¼-\n.

km-¼¯n-I am-µy-Ime-¯p t]mepw hn-äp-h-c-hnepw {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fnepw amµyw h-cp-¯m-sX ap-t¶-dn-b sFSn I-¼\n. C-¯-c-¯n \n-ch-[n hn-P-b-hn-ti-j-W-§fp-≠v s\-ävhÀ¡v kn-Ìwkvv B³-Uv- sSIv-t\mf-Pn F-¶ Øm-]-\-¯n\v. s\-Ìv F-¶ Np-cp-¡-t¸-cn A-dn-b-s¸Sp-¶ Cu Øm]-\¯nsâ Aa-c¯v A-ta-cn-¡-bn Xma-kn-¡p-¶ {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn tUm. Pm-th-Zv l-Ê\m Wv. 1300 tIm-Sn cq-]-bpsS hn-äp-hc-hv t\-Sn-s¡m-≠v C-¶pw I¼-\n {]-Xo£-I-tfmsS ap-t¶m-«p t]m-Ip¶p. Bep-hm¸p-g-bp-sS Xo-c-¯m-bn-cp¶p sN-dp-¸-Imew. km-¼-¯n-I-ti-jn-bpÅ Ip-Spw-_-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p P-\-\w. A-¸q-¸³ Fw sI a-¡m-c-¸n-Å A-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶ kpK-Ôhy-RvP-\ hym-]m-cn-bm-bn-cp¶p. hym-]m-c-¯n-sâ _m-e]mT-§Ä A-t±-l-¯n \n-¶m-bn-cn¡mw Pm-th-Zv l-ʳ a-\-kn-em-¡n-bXv. \m-Kp dm-hp-¯-ÀþFw-Fw JZo-P- Z-¼-Xn-I-fpsS Cu a-I³ hy-h-km-b-¯n am-{Xaà ]T-\-¯n-epw an-Sp-¡\m-bn-cp-¶p. {]m-YanI hn-Zy-m`ym-k Im-e-L-«-¯nepw ]n-¶o-Sv Xn-cp-h-\´]p-cw F³-Pn-\o-bdnw-Kv tIm-tf-Pn-epw H-¶m-a-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. hy-h-km-bn-bp-sS Ip-¸m-bw A-Wn-bp-¶-Xn-\p ap³-]v F-^vF-kn-Sn-bnepw F-¨v-Fw-Sn-bnepw D-tZym-K-Ø-\m-b N-cn-{Xhpw A-t±-l¯n-\p≠v. ]n-¶o-Sm-Wv XpSÀ]T-\-¯n-\m-bn A-ta-cn-¡-bnte-¡v ]-d-¡p-¶Xv. \yq-tbmÀ-¡n-se sIm-fw_n-b kÀ-ÆI-em-im-e-bn \n¶pw Fw Fkv tKmÄ-Uv sa-U-tem-sS ]m-Êmbn. sF-_n-F-½n-se D-tZymKØ\m-bn Pm-th-Zv l-ʳ FÃm-h-cp-sSbpw {]-iw-k t\Sn. Np-cp-§n-bImew sIm-≠v X-s¶ sF-_n-F-½n-se t¥m_ Hm-¸tdj-sâ ssh-kv {]-kn-Uâm-bn lk³. ]n-¶oSv Bw-Uv tImÀ¸tdj-\n-te-¡v. kw-cw-`I-sâ Ip-¸m-bw A-Wnª-Xv A-Xn-\p-ti-j-am-bn-cp¶p. Cu Xo-cp-am-\w Pm-th-Zv lk-sâ Po-hn-Xw am-äna-dn-¨p. 1968 ]T-\-¯n-\m-bn bp-F-kn-te-¡v ]-d-s¶-¦nepw th-cp-IÄ a-d-¡m³ Pm-th-Zv l-k³ X-bm-dÃm-bn-cp-¶p. \mSn-t\m-Sp-Å kv-t\-l-am-Wv 23 hÀ-j-§Ä-¡p ap³-]v k¬ ss^-_À H-]v-În-kv ss{]-h-äv en-anä-Uv F-¶ I¼\n sIm-¨n-bn B-cw-`n-¡m³ C-t±-l-¯n\p t{]-c-I-amb-Xv. tI-c-f-¯n ss^-_À H-]v-În-kn-sâ- km-[y-XI-sf B-Zy-am-bn ]Tn-¸n-¨ I-¼-\n-sb-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p C-Xn-sâ {]-tXyI-X. {]-tXy-I km-¼¯n-I ta-J-e-bn H-cp t¹m«n Xp-S§n-b I¼-\n \n-ch-[n bq-Wn-äp-IÄ Øm-]n ¨p-sIm-≠v \mev t¹m-«p-I-fn-te-¡v h-f-À¶p. tI-c-f-¯nse B-Zy-s¯ ^pÄ-^v-sf-UvPUv sF-Sn I-¼-\n-bm-bn CXn-s\ hn-ti-jn-¸n-¡mw. hn-h-ckm-t¦Xn-Ihn-ZymcwK-¯v aq-t¶-äw Xp-S-cp-t¼mÄXs¶ Izm-fn-än sse-^v D-¸-¶§-Ä \nÀ-½n¨p-sIm-≠v `-£-Wta-J-e-bn-te¡pw I¼\n Xn-cn-ªn-cp-¶p. a-\p-jy\p-Å Im-ew h-sc Xp-S-cm³ km-

[n-¡p-¶ hy-h-km-b-sa-¶m-Wv C-Xn-s\ Pm-th-Zv l-k³ \nÀ-h-Nn-¡p-¶Xv. Ip-Sn-sh-Åw Ip-¸n-bn-em¡nb tKmÄ-U³ hm-enbm-bn-cp¶p Cu cwK-s¯ B-Zykw-cw`w. G-X-m-\pw hn-tZ-io-bcpw D-¯-tc-´y³ Sq-dn-kv-äp-Ifpw am{Xw Ip-¸nbn-se sh-Åw Ip-Sn-¡p-¶ Im-e-¯v Cu km-[y-XIsf ZoÀ-L-ho-£-W-t¯msS Im-Wm³ km-[n-¨p F-¶p-ÅXpw _n-kn\-kv B-i-b-§-fn-se an-I-hn-\v D-Zm-l-c-W-amWv. s\·-Wn B-t{Km-anÂ-kv ss{]h-äv en-an-ä-Uv, Izm-≠n-saâ v-kv en-an-äUv, tdm-b a-e-_mÀ ^p-Uv-kv F-¶n-h-bpw `-£W hy-hkm-b cwK-s¯ {Kq¸nsâ km-¶n-[y-amWv. C-Xn-s\Ãmw ]pd-ta kv-ss] k-kv t_mÀ-Uv Aw-Ko-Imct¯msS Gew I-b-äp-aXn-bpw sN-bv-Xp h-cp¶p. C-Xn-eq-sS-sbÃmw tI-c-f¯n G-I-tZ-iw 2000 tImSn cq-]-bp-sS \n-t£-]-am-Wv Pm-th-Zv l-k³ \S¯nbncn-¡p-¶-Xv. 10,000t¯mfw sXm-gne-h-k-c-§Ä C-´y-bn am-{Xw {]-Zm-\w sN-¿p-¶ I-¼-\n-bn GI-tZ-iw 9000t¯m-fw a-ebm-fn-IÄ tPm-en-sN-¿p-¶-p. hcpw hÀ-jw 1600 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hn-äp-h-c-hm-Wv I¼-\n {]-Xo-£n-¡p-¶Xv. In³-{^-bp-am-bn tNÀ-¶v 30 G-¡-dn Øm-]n-¡p¶ ssl-sS-¡v ]mÀ-¡m-Wv I-¼-\n-bp-sS G-ähpw ]p Xn-b hm-Kv-Zm-\w. Ip-d-ªXv 1000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS \n-t£-]-hpw 10,000 sXmgne-h-k-c-§-fp-am-Wv C-Xneq-sS tI-c-f-¯n kr-ãn¡-s¸-SpI. F³-sI ^u-t≠j-sâ t\-Xr-Xz-¯n s\-Ìv {Kq¸v Po-h-Im-cp-Wy-cw-K¯pw

anI¨ kw-`m-h-\-IÄ \Â-In-h-cp-¶p≠v. A-t±-l-¯n-sâ P·\m-«n Øm-]n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶ F³sI Hm-Un-tämdn-b¯n-sâ h-cp-am-\-¯n-se 50 i-X-am-\hpw Po-h-Imcp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡m-bmWv sN-e-h-gn-¡p-¶Xv. Ip-

35


C O V E R

S T O R Y

PNC MENON

Sobha Group

Xr-i ²-X q-cn ]-tc n. 3000 55 G-¡ en s m£ s t¯m-f -dn sb-¶N-¿p-¶ Xm-gne w {]-X B-cw sIm t] -h-cn -h-k-c y£ s-`n¨ ti À-¡ -¨n-bnÂ-cn c Gd -§fpw Xm-gn-e m-` k cw-` v sXm-g 2500 -≠p ] n-b ]¦ \Â-I -h-k-c n-än- {] n-¡m n 0 tI -©m pw a p¶ -§ [m\ -\pÅ \ ]m-S -b-¯ -e-b p. C -fpw, {]-h -Ip¶ n cq-] a p-IÄ m-fn-IÄ -´y-bn 10000 À-¯ CâÀ p-X Z-s¯ . {K Â- t -\-§ t{K -ap-S-¡ -Sp-¯ m-a-ti PmÄ X ä-Uv m-` n pS-§ ssl  40,0 n-cn-¡p¶0 s n¡-g S-¡ 0 t] p. n-ª v kn -än B p -

kmaq-ly{]-Xn-_-²-X-bp-sS {Km-a-tim-`... H-am³ A-h-k-c-§-fp-sS tem-I-am-sW-¶p ]-d-ªp-sImSp-¯ H-cp ssk-\nI-sâ hm-¡p-I-fm-bn-cp-¶p a-\-knÂ. A-Xp-sIm-≠p X-s¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p C-cp-]-s¯«mw h-bkn tI-c-f-t¯mSv hn-S ]-d-ªp-sIm-≠v H-am-\n-te-¡v bm-{X Xn-cn-¨Xv. ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡m-¯ H-cp sIm-ta-gv-kv _n-

36

cp-Z-hpw A¼-Xp cq-]bpw am-{X-am-bn-cp¶p ssI-apXÂ, ]n-s¶ _n-kn-\-kp-Im-c³ B-I-W-sa-¶ A-S-§m¯ tam-l-hpw. F-´m-bmepw A-t±-l-¯nsâ {]-Xo-£-I-f-pw {]-bX-v\§fpw sh-dp-sX-bm-bnÃ. C-¶v tem-Iw A-dnbp¶ ]p¯³ \-Sp-h-t¡m-Sv sN-´m-a-cm-£ ta-t\m ³ F-¶ ]n³-F³-kn ta-t\m-sâ kw-cw-`-I Po-hn-X-¯nsâ Xp-S-¡-am-bn-cp-¶p AXv. 37 hÀ-j-§Ä-¡n¸pd-¯v 1800 tIm-Sn cq-]-bpsS hn-äp-h-c-hp-am-bn tim-` {Kq-¸v tem-I hy-h-km-bcwK-¯v X-e-bpÀ-¯n \n Â-¡p-¶p. dn-b F-tÌäv, tIm¬-{SmÎv, Câo-cn-bÀ Un-ssk-\nw-Kv, am-\p-^mÎ-dnw-Kv Xp-S§n-b H-«-\h[n ta-J-e-I-fn-se k-Po-h km¶n-[y-am-bn-¡-gn-ªp tim-` {Kq¸v. "{Kma tim-`" F-¶ ]-²-Xn-bn-eq-sS Nmcn-än cw-K¯pw am-Xr-Im-]cam-b {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fm-Wv ChÀ \-S-¸n-em-¡p¶Xv. {Kq-¸n-sâ km-c-Yn ]n-F³kn ta-t\m³ tI-c-f-¯n {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä Iq-Sp-X hn-]p-e-am-¡m-\p-Å H-cp-¡¯n-emWv. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ kmwkv-Im-cn-I X-e-Øm-\-hpw kz-´w P-·\m-Spam-b Xriq-cn tim-` kn-än ]-Sp¯p-bÀ-¯n-s¡m-≠m-Wv ]n F³ kn ta-t\m³ tI-c-f-¯n Nph-Sp-d-¸n-¡p-¶Xv. A-Xn-\p ap-¼pX-s¶ KÄ-^v cm-Py§-fn-sebpw {_qssW kpÂ-¯m-sâbpw cm-P-sIm«m-c-§-fp-sS Câo-cn-bÀ Unssk³ ssI-¿m-fp-¶ henb Øm-]-\-am-bn tim-` {Kq-¸v am-dn-¡-gn-ªn-cp¶p. sIm-«m-c-§Ä am-{X-aÃ, C³-t^m-kn-kv, ssatIm t_m-jv, Snw-sI³, F-¨-v]n, sUÂ, Xm-Pv {Kq¸v Hm-^v tlm-«-Â-kv Xp-S-§n-bhbp-sSbpw Câo-cn-bÀ Un-ssk-\nw-Kv Np-a-X-e-bpw {Kq-¸n-\p Xs¶. 2007emWv

tim-` kn-än tI-c-f-¯n {]-hÀ-¯-\am-cw-`n-¨-Xv. 2012þ13 hÀ-jw tI-c-f-¯nse hn-äph-c-hv 130 tIm-Sn -cq-]-bmbn D-b-À-¯p-hm-\pw km-[n¨p. \n-e-hn I-¼-\n-bpsS hnhn-[ hn-`m-K-§-fn-em-bn 3000t¯m-fw t]À sXm-gn sN-¿p¶p. Ip-d-ª-Xv 10000 t]À-¡v ]-tcm£ sXm-gn-eh-k-c-§-Ä e-`y-am-¡m-\pw I-¼-\n-¡v km-[n-¡p-¶p≠v. C-´y-bn am-{Xaà hntZ-i cm-Py-§-fn-epw sXm-gn-e-hk-c-§Ä kr-ãn-¡p-¶-Xn I¼-\n ap¼n-em-Wv. C-Xn Gdn-b ]¦pw a-e-bm-fn-I-fm-sW-¶pÅ-Xv a-säm-cp bm-YmÀ°yw. tI-c-f-¯n sIm-¨n-bnepw tIm-gn-t¡m-Sp-am-bn H«-\h-[n kz-]v-\]-²-Xn-I-fmWv tim-` {Kq-¸n-\p-ÅXv. 25000tIm-Sn cq-] ap-XÂa-p-S-¡n- 40,000 t]À-¡v t\-cn-«v tPm-en \-Â-Ip-¶ Cât{Kä-Uv ssl-sS-¡v kn-än-sb-¶ ]-²-Xn-bm-Wv A-t±-lw sIm-¨n-¡v hm-Kv-Zm-\w sN-bv-Xncn-¡p-¶-Xv. K-h¬-saâ v A-\p-a-Xn e-`n-¨m ]-²-Xnbp-sS {]m-cw-`-L-« {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-Ä B-cw-`n-¡pw. 270 G-¡-dn-em-Wv ]-²-Xn. CXp-t]m-se _r-l¯m-b c-≠p ]-²-Xn-IÄ tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv B-cw-`n-¡m-\p-Å {i-a-§fpw B-cw-`n-¨p I-gnªp. C-Xn-eq-sS-sbÃmw a-e-bm-fn-IÄ-¡v henb sXm-gne-h-k-c-§Ä \Â-Im³ km-[n-¡p-sa-¶ {]-Xo-£bpw A-t±-lw h-¨p]p-eÀ-¯p-¶p.B-Zy kw-cw`-am-bn tim-` kn-än B-cw-`n-¡p-t¼mÄ hen-b {]-Xn-kÔn-IÄ H¶pw t\-cn-tS-≠n- h-¶n-«nsÃ-¦n-epw ^-b hÀ¡p-I-fn-se Im-e-Xm-a-k-am-Wv ]-²-Xn-IÄ \o-fp-¶-Xn-\p Im-c-W-am-Ip-¶-sX-¶ A-`n-{]m-b-w A-t±-l-hpw ]-¦p-shbv-¡p-¶p. k-a-c-§fpw lÀ-¯m-ep-Ifpw \n-b-{´-nt¡-≠Xm-sW-¶pw A-h kw-cw-`-I- kw-kv-Im-cw h-fÀ-¯m³ A\p-tbm-Py-a-sÃ-¶-pw A-t±-lw ]-d-bp¶p. ^-b hÀ-¡p-I-fp-sS Ir-Xy-X-bnepw ¢-n]v-X-X-bn-epw, kXz-c Xocp-am-\-§Ä F-Sp-¯v kw-cw-`I-sc t{]m-Õm-ln-¸n-¡p-¶ Im-cy-§-fn Kp-Pdm¯v, X-an-gv-\mSv, ]-©m-_v Xp-S-§n-b kw-Øm-\-§-sf am-Xr-I-bm-¡m-sa-¶pw A-t±lw Iq-«nt¨À¡p¶p. Po-h-Im-c-pWy {]-hÀ-¯-\-¯n B-scbpw A-Ûp-Xs¸-Sp-¯p-¶ {]-h-À-¯-\-am-Wv tim-` {Kq-¸v \-S-¯p-¶-Xv. Ipd-{¼ {S-Ìn-sâ B-`n-ap-Jy-¯n I-gn-ª 10 hÀ-j§Ä-¡p-Ån 100 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv Cu cw-K-¯v sN-eh-gn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. hn-Zym-`ymkw, B-tcm-Kyw, sXm-gnÂ, sh-Åw, ASnØm-\ ku-I-cy§Ä F¶n-h H-cp-¡p-¶-Xn-\mWv Cu Xp-I sN-e-h-gn-¨Xv. C-Xn {][m\w c-≠p ]-©m-b¯pI-sf km-¼-¯n-I-am-bn Z-s¯-Sp-¯p-sIm-≠p \-S-¯p¶ {Km-a-tim-`-bm-Wv. ]m-e-¡m-Sv PnÃ-bn-se h-S-¡t©-cn-, In-g-¡-t©-cn- ]-©m-b-¯p-I-fm-Wv tim-` G-sä-Sp-¯Xv. Cu ]-©m-b-¯p-I-fn tim-` sl-dn-tä-Pv, tim-` sl¯v sIbÀ, tim-` A-¡m-Uan, tim-` shm-t¡-j-W ]-cn-io-e-\tI-{µw F-¶n-h-sb-¡q-Sm-sX kv-{Xo-[-\c-ln-X kaql hn-hm-l-§Ä \-S-¯m-\pw Z-cn-{Z-cp-sS ]p-\-c-[n-hmkw Xp-S-§n-b-h D-d-¸m-¡m-\pw Ipd-{¼ {S-Ìn-\v km-[n¡p¶p. -


K G ABRAHAM

KGA Group

nS \ v tIs p -]-b -W n cq m-«-em m-bn-cw S m l I qh 00 t¹mk t w`w. a -Ip-¶p. 3 n w-c  -f-¯. {Iu¬ m-\ k-gn \ c tI -]w {]-[ sXm t£-¯n-se Ä-¡v c-f -bm-fn-I a-e

sIm¨n¡v BUw-_c {]uVn-tbIn B-Uw-_c{]u-Vn sIm-≠v sIm-¨n-¡v s]m³-IncoSw \Â-In-b tlm-«-em-Wv {Iu¬ ¹mk. Cu kw-cw-

`-¯n-\v XpS-¡w Ip-dn-¨-Xv Xn-cp-hÃ-¡mc³ sI Pn F-{_-lmw. tI-c-f-¯nepw hn-tZ-i-¯p-am-bn hym-]n-¨p In-S-¡p-¶ sI-Pn-F {Kq-¸nsâ hy-hkm-b kw-cw-`-§-fneq-sS G-I-tZ-iw ap-hm-bn-cw a-e-bm-fn-IÄ¡v C-t±-lw sXm-gn \Â-Ip-¶p. G-I-tZ-iw 1000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hn-äp-h-c-hm-Wv I¼-\n C-¶p I-c-Ø-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. 300 tImSn cq-]-bp-sS \n-t£-]-am-Wv {Iu¬-¹m-k-bn-eqsS C-t±-lw tI-c-f-¯n-se-¯n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. sIm-¨n-bnse Ip-≠-¶q-cn se -sa-dn-Un-b-sâ A-Sp-¯m-Wv Cu B-Uw-_c tlm-«Â Øn-Xn sN-¿p-¶-Xv. km-[m-c-W FÃm a-e-bm-fn-I-sf-bpw t]m-se \m-«n \n-¶p `mKyw A-t\z-jn-¨p {]-hm-kPo-hn-X-¯n-sâ `m-K-ambn. ]n-¶o-Sv A-hn-sS hen-sbm-cp _n-kn\-kv km-{amPyw sI-«n-¸-Sp¯p. A-Xn-\p ti-j-amWv tI-c-f-¯n H-cp kw-cw`w XpS-§W-sa¶ B-{K-l-ap-≠m-Ip-¶-Xv. Cu B-{K-l-am-bncp¶p tlm-«Â B-cw-`n-¡p-hm³ k-lm-b-I-am-b-Xv. C-¶v sIm-¨n-bn am{Xw aq-¶q-dv t]À-¡v sXm-gn \Â-Ip¶ {Iu¬ ¹m-k-bpsS XpS-¡w \m-Sn-s\ kv-t\-ln¨ B a-\-km-bn-cp¶p. temI-s¯ H-«p-an-¡ C-S-§-fnepw k-©-cn-¨ N-cn{Xw sI Pn F-{_-lm-an-\p-≠v. kz-näv-kÀ-eâ v I-gn-ªm G-ähpw ku-µ-cy-ap-Å {]-tZ-i-am-bnv-«m-Wv A-t±lw tIc-f-s¯ Im-Wp-¶Xv. ss\-kÀKnI ku-µcyw am-{Xw B-{K-ln-¡p-¶h-sc kw-_-Ôn-¨v tI-c-f-t¯m-fw h-cnà kz-näv-kÀ-eâ v F-¶ ]-£hpw A-t±-l-¯n-\p-≠v. C{X-tb-sd km-[y-X-IÄ A-h-Im-i-s¸-Sm-\p-s≠-¦nepw hn-tZ-io-b-cp-sS Sq-dn-kw \n-L≠p-hn tKm-h-bv-¡pw, aäv D-¯-tc-´y³ kw-Øm-\-§Ä-¡p-saÃmw hf-sc ]n-¶n-embn-«m-Wv tI-c-f-¯n-sâ Øm-\w. Sq-dn-kw cwK-¯v a-äp kw-Øm-\-§-sf-sbÃmw ]n-¶n-em-¡n ap-t¶-dp-hm-\p-Å ku-µ-cy-k-¼-¯pw tI-c-f-¯n-\p≠v. hn-`-hk-¼-¯n-epw, _o-¨p-I-fp-sS ku-µ-cy-¯n-epw tI-c-f-t¯m-fw h-cnà tKm-hbpw a-äp kw-Øm-\-§fpw. F-¶n-cp-¶mepw hn-tZ -i-nI-fp-sS CãØ-e-am-¡n Ch-sb am-äm³ X-t±-io-bÀ¡v km-[n-¡p-¶p≠v. C-tX km-[y-X-IÄ X-s¶ C-hnsSbpw B-hn-jv-I-cn-¡m³ km-[n-¡p-¶-XmWv. Ir-Xyam-b B-kq-{X-W-t¯m-sS Sq-dn-kw cwK-¯v C-d-§n-s¨-¶m tem-I Sq-dn-ÌpI-sf ap-gph³ tI-c-f-¯nte-¡v B-IÀ-jn-¡m³ I-gn-bp-sa-¶v sI Pn F-{_lmw ]-d-bp¶p. Cu km-[y-X-I-sf FÃmw hn-i-Ie-\w sNbv-Xp sIm-≠m-Wv {Iu¬- ¹m-k B-cw-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. Cu km[y-XI-sf {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp¯m\p-Å {i-a-¯n-em-Wv At±lw. hf-sc kq-£vaam-b hn-i-I-e-\-§Ä-¡v ti-j-am-Wv {Iu¬ ¹m-k F-¶ ]-²-Xn-bp-am-bn ap-t¶m-«p h-¶Xv. aq-¶p-hÀ-j-§Ä sIm-≠v 150 tIm-Sn cq-]- sN-e-hnÂ

sâ `m-j-bn ]-d-ªm h-ewssI sN-¿p¶-Xv C-Sw a-än-S-§-fn \nÀ-½m-Ww ]qÀ-¯oI-cn-¡m³ km-[n-¡pssI A-dn-tb-≠-XnÃ-tÃm. sa-¶p-Å-t¸mÄ C-hn-sS A-Xn-\v 6 h-À-j-hpw 300 tIm-Sn Po-hn-X-¯n H-gn-hp k-a-b-§Ä Ip-d-hm-sW-¦n-epw cq-]-bp-ambn. B-kq-{X-W-¯n-se e-`n-¡p¶ k-a-b-§-fn Ir-jn-bnepw A-t±-lw H-cp ]n-g-hp-I-fm-bn-cp-¶nà sNe-hp Iq-Sp-¶-Xn-\v Imc-Wa-m ssI t\m-¡m-dp≠v. bXv. a-dn¨v C-hn-sS-bp-Å kw-cw-`-I hn-cp-² kw-kv-Imc-am-Wv A-Xn-\p Im-cWw. A-Xp-Iq-Sm-sX-bm-Wv cm-{ãob cwK-s¯ A-gn-a-Xn-bpw, geojitbnpparibas.com D-tZym-K-ØX-e-¯n-se Nph-¸p-\m-S-I-fpw. Np-cp-¡n¸-d-ªm Adn-hp-Å-hÀ tI-c-f-¯n \n-t£-]n-¡p-hm³ X-s¶ a-Sn-¡pw. C-Xm-Wv tI-c-fw \ ÂIn-b ]mTw. Cu {]-iv\-§Ä ap-¶n¡≠m-Wv tIm-h-f-¯v B-cw-`n-¡m³ D-t±-in-¨ ]²-Xn th-s≠¶ph-bv-¡m³ Im-c-W-ambXpw. tem¬ F-Sp-¯m-Wv kw-cw-`w B-cw-`n-¨n-cp-¶sX-¦n Øn-XnK-Xn-IÄ AÂ-¸w Iq-Sn h-j-fm-Ip-ambn-cp-¶p. 10 i-X-am-\-t¯m-fw Xp-I ]-en-ibn-\-¯nepw \Â-tI-≠n h-¶m kwcw-`-I³ ]m-¸-cm-Ip-hm³ th-sdm¶pw th-≠. {]-hÀ¯-\-anÃm-¯ {]-kw-K-am-Wv tI-c-f-¯n-sâ im-]-sa¶pw Iq-«n-t¨À-¡p-I-bm-Wv A-t±lw. aq¶v B¬-a-¡fpw `m-cy-bp-a-S-§p-¶ Ip-Spw_w. aq-¯-aI-\v A-_p-Zm_n-bn-sebpw c-≠ma-s¯ aI-\v Ip-ssh-än-sebpw aq-¶ma-s¯ aI-\v \m-«nsebpw _n-kn-\kp-I-fp-sS Npa-X-e \Â-In kw-cwEquities | Derivatives | Currency Futures | DP Accounts `IcwK-¯v ap-t¶-dp-I-bm-Wv Margin Trading | Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) A-t±lw. Distribution of Mutual Funds, Life Insurance, General Insurance & IPO’s k-tlm-Z-c-§-fp-sS klm-bhpw A-t±-l-¯n-\p Iq-«n-\p≠v. \m-Sn-s\ G-sd kv-t\-ln-¡p-¶ Cu hy-hToll Free: 1800 425 5501 / 1800 103 5501 km-bn Nm-cn-än cw-K-¯v BGeojit BNP Paribas Financial Services Ltd., Registered Office: 34/659-P, CIVIL LINE ROAD, PADIVATTOM, KOCHI-682024, KERALA, INDIA, Ph: 91-484-2901000 For cp-a-dn-bm-sX kw-`m-h-\-IÄ investor queries: customercare@geojit.com, For grievances: grievances@geojit.com I SEBI Regn.Nos.: NSE: INB/INF/INE 231337230 I BSE: INB011337236 & INF 011337237 NSDL: IN-DP-NSDL-24-97 I Portfolio Manager: INP000003203 I CDSL Regn no: IN-DP-CDSL-648-2012. \Â-Ip-¶p≠v. A-t±-l-¯n-

Happy

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C O V E R

S T O R Y

C K Menon

Behzad Group

]-{´ kw -t≠m Po-h-cw-`-¯ -fw hy t\m -Im-cp-Wnepw \ -hkm-b Un-s À-¡ d y {] n-ch-[ kw-c âb q-«v-k -hÀ-¯ n a-e w-`-§ pw U n-sâ -b -f -b-d-Î bpw -\§fn m-fn-IÄ p-sS k t e À Ø I-c-f pw k tPm m-cYn m-\w C³-{ Po-h -en sN . Hmtc A-e ^m-k km -¿p-¶ m -¦-cn v-{S-I -¶n-[ p. -¡p¶ v-NÀ yw. en-a p. n-ä-

Du¶Â Poh-ImcpWy {]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡v A`n-`m-jI-sâ th-j-¯n \n-¶pw {]-hm-kn kwcw-`I-sâ D-b-c-§-fn-te-¡p k-©-cn-¨ hyàn. J¯-dn-

sebpw a-äp KÄ-^v cm-Py-§-fn-sebpw {Sm³kv-t]mÀt«-j³ cwK-s¯ {]-[m-\-i-ànbm-b s_-l-Êm-Zv {Kq-¸v F-¶ _n-kn\-kv {Kq-¸n-sâ km-c-Ynbm-b kn sI

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ta-t\m³ H-cp kw-cw-`-I³ F-¶Xn-t\m-sSm-¸w a-\p-jykv-t\-lnbpw kmw-kv-Imcn-I I-em-lr-Z-b-ap-Å-bm-fpam-Wv. bpF-C, bp-Fkv, Ip-ssh-¯v, ku-Zn A-td-_y J-¯À Xp-S§n-b \n-ch-[n cm-Py-§-fp-sS ]u-c-Xz-ap-Å hy-àn-bm-sW-¦nepw th-cp-IÄ a-d-¡m-sX tI-c-f-¯n-sâ km-aqln-I ]p-\À-\nÀ-½n-Xn-bnepw ]-¦m-fn-bm-Ip-I-bm-Wv A-t±-lw. A-ѳ ]p-fn-bwtImSn \m-cm-bW-sâ {io-cmaP-bw F-¶ t]-cn-ep-Å {Sm³kv-t]mÀ-«v I¼-\n G-sä-Sp¯m-bn-cp-¶p knIrjv-W ta-t\m³ F-¶ kn- sI ta-t\m ³ _n-kn\-kv cw-K-s¯¯n-bXv. F-¶m- \n-b-a-] T-\w ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n-bt¸mÄ kn -sI ta-t\m-\v AÑ-sâ _n-kn-\-kp-IÄ sIm-≠p \-S-¡p-¶-Xn-t\¡mÄ XmÂ-¸-cyw h-¡o Po-hn-X-t¯m-Smbn. AtXmsS I-¼-\n¡p kz-´am-bn-cp-¶ 20 _-kp-IÄ sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ-¡v \Â-In Xr-iqÀ tIm-SXn-bn-te-¡v {]m-Iv-So-kn-\m-bn t]m-bn A-t±lw. ]n-¶o-Sv tI-cf ssl-t¡m-S-Xn-bn-te-¡pw. ]n-¶o-sS-t¸m-tgm KÄ-^v F-¶ B-{K-lw a-\-kn I-b-dp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. hn-e-sIm-Sp-¯v hm§n-b hn-k-bp-am-bn B h-¡o J-¯-dn-se¯n. A-hn-sS {Sm³kv-t]mÀ-«v I-¼-\nbn tPm-en-¡m-c-\p-ambn. I-¼-\n-bp-sS B-]-Xv-L-«§-fn-seÃmw \nÀ-Wm-b-Iam-b Xo-cp-am-\-§-sf-Sp¯v ta-t\m³ D-S-a-bp-sS {]-o-Xn k-¼m-Zn-¨p. ta-t\m-\n hn-izm-kw tXm¶n-b D-S-a I¼-\n hnÂ-¡m³ Xocp-am-\n-¨-t¸mÄ A-t±-ls¯Xs¶ ]-cn-K-Wn¨p. X-h-W-I-fm-bn ]-Ww X-¶m a-Xn-sb-¶ hy-hØ-bn- ta-t\m³ I¼-\n hm-§n. ]n-¶o-Sv hf-sc th-K-¯n-em-bn-cp¶p

I¼-\n-bp-sS h-fÀ¨. ssh-hn-[y-h¡-c-W-§-fn-eq-sS I-¼-\n-sb h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS sIm-Sn-ap-Sn-I-fn F-¯n-¨p A-t±lw. tZm-l B-Øm-\-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ s_l-Êm-Zv {Kq-¸n-sâ P\-\w C-§-s\-bm-bn-cp-¶p. C¶v s_ lÊmZv {Kq¸v {Sm³kvt]mÀ«v F¶ t]-cn {Sm³kv-t]m À-t«-j³ Øm-]\-hpw aäp ]e kwcw`§fpw kn sI ta-t\m³ Xp-S-§n-bn-cn-¡p¶p. tdmUv, kap-{Zw, hnam\ amÀ¤w F-¶o aq-s¶-®-¯n tI-{µo-I-cn-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p {Sm³kvt]mÀ«v hn-`mKw. {Sm³kv-t]m À-«v hn-`m-K-¯n-sâ a-säm-cp `m-K-am-Wv s_-l-Êm-Zv Uok t{SUnw-Kv. Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ hym-]v-Xnbpw AXn-cp-Ifpw hnIkn-¨-t¸mÄ 1998 Zp-_m-bnte¡v Iq-Sn kn sI ta-t\m³ X-sâ _n-kn\-kv ta-J-e. F-¯n¨p. ]n-¶o-Sv Ipssh-äv, kuZn Atd_y F¶o KÄ^v cmPy-§-fn-te¡v IqSn s_lÊmZv {Kq-¸n-sâ _n-kn\kv h-f-À-¶p. C-t±-l-¯n-sâ Hmtcm hy-h-km-bØm]-\-§-fnepw B-bn-c-¡-W-¡n-\v B-fp-I-fmWv tPm-en sN-¿p-¶Xv. s_lÊmZv Uok t{SUnwKv- bpFCbn-te¡pw s_lÊmZv assd³ kÀhokkv -]-\m-a-bnte¡pw hym-]n¡pIbp≠mbn. 500¸cw Poh-\-¡mcpÅ Hmtcm hyhkmbØm]\§fpw ,tat\m³ hfsc kq£vaXtbm-sSbpw, Dt±iip²ntbm-sS-bp-amWv \ S¯ns¡m≠p t]m-Ip-¶Xv. C¶v an-Un Cu-Ìv, bqtdm¸v, bp-F-kv-F, C-´y F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn hym-]n¨p In-S-¡p-¶ 12 te-sd kw-cw-`-§-fm-Wv C-t±-l-¯n-sâ km-c-Yy-¯n-ep-Å-Xv. 2006 Xr-Èq-cn-se 600 tN-cn \nhm-kn-IÄ s]-cp-h-gn-bn-te-¡v C-d-t§-≠-L-«-¯n 150 ho-Sp-IÄ \nÀ-½n-¨p \Â-In- kn sI ta-t\m³. ]n¶o-Sv 2009 ap-Jy-a{´n D-½³-Nm-≠n-bp-sS A-`yÀ-°-\ am-\n-¨v ]p-Xp-¸-Ån-bnepw C-¯-c-¯n 260 ho-Sp-IÄ \n À-½n-¨p sIm-Sp¯p. e-£w ho-Sv ]-²-Xn-bnepw C-t±lw k-lm-bw \Â-In-bn-cp-¶p. dn-bm-Zn a-c-W-in-£ Im-¯p-In-S¶ a-e-bm-fn-I-fm-b \m-ep-t]-cp-sS Po-h³ 80 e-£w cq] \Â-In ho-s≠-Sp-¯ {]-hÀ-¯-\-hpw {]hmkn-IÄ¡n-S-bn tat\ms\ {]nb-¦-c-\m-¡n. hn-hn-[- kwcw-`-§-fn-eqsS 7000¯n-e-[n-Iw sXm-gne-h-k-c-§-fm-Wv kn-sI ta-t\m³ kr-ãn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. B-sIbpff Poh\-¡mcn 95 i-X-am-\hpw a-e-bm-fn-I-Ä. A-t±-l-¯nsâ Cu {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä I-W-¡n-se-Sp-¯v cmPyw 2006 {] hmkn `mcXob k-½m-\pw, 2009  ]-ß-{io- Aw-Ko-Imchpw \Â-In-bn-cp¶p. sIm-¨n-bn- C-S¸-Ån ss_-¸m-kn 250 tIm-Sn cq-] sN-e-hn-«p ]-©-\£-{X tlm-«Â Øm-]n-¡p-hm-\p-Å {i-a-¯n-em-Wv kn -sI ta-t\m³. A-Xn-ep]-cn tI-c-f-¯nse a-X-ku-lmÀ±w h-fÀ-¯p-¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡m-Wv _n-kn\-kv {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-tf-¡mÄ ap³-Xq-¡w sIm-Sp¡p-¶-Xv. ap³]v -Hcp tIm-Sn cq-] sN-e-hn ]m-\q-cn-se s\-t¨m-fn ]-Ån ]p-\À\nÀ-½n-¨v \ÂIn-bn-cp-¶p C-t±lw. Imcp-Wy-aÀ-ln-¡p-¶ A-½-amÀ-¡p th-≠n {]-Xnamk k-lm-bw \Â-Ip-¶ \-· ]-²-Xn FÃm PnÃ-I-fnepw hym-]n-¸n-¡m-\pÅ H-cp-¡-§fpw Xp-S-§n-¡-gnªp.


Opportunities

s]m -Xp-ta-J-e I¬-kÄ-«³-kn Øm]-\am-b Inäv-tIm-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-¯nÂ

hy-h-km-b/hm-Wn-Py/tk-h-\ kw-cw-`-§-fpsS \-S-¯n-¸v Iq-Sp-XÂ Im-cy-£-ahpw an-I-

hp-ä-Xm-¡p-¶-Xn-\v t^m-kv-äÀ am-t\-Pv-saâ v F-¶ ]²-Xn \-S-¸n-em-¡p¶p. \-S-¯n-¸n-se A-]m-I-X aq-ew ]-cm-P-b¯n-te-¡v \o-§p-¶ kw-cw-`§-sf hn-P-b-]m -X-bn-se-¯n-¡-p-I- F-¶-XmWv ]²-Xn-bp-sS

e£yw. kw-cw-`§-sf Z-s¯-Sp-¯v \-S-¯n-¸n\m-h-iyam-b D-]-tZ-i-§fpw amÀ-K \nÀ-t±i-§fpw a-äv km-t¦Xn-I k-lm-b-§fpw In-ätIm \Â-Ipw. im-kv-{Xo-bam-b am-t\-Pv-

saâ v k-t¦-X-§Ä B-hn-jv-Icn-¨v \-S-¸m-¡p-¶Xn-t\m-sSm-¸w Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ ssZ-\wZn-\ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä \n-co-£n-¡pIbpw Ip-d-hp-IÄ ]-cn-l-cn-¡m\p-Å \nÀ-t±-i-§Ä \Â-IpIbpw sN-¿pw.

t^m-kv-äÀ am-t\-Pv-saâ v F-§-s\-sbÃmw Øm-]-\ -\-S-¯n-¸v Ir-Xyam-bn \n-co-£n-¨v Iq-Sp-X h-fÀ-¨¡pw hn-I-k-\-¯n\p-ap-Å \nÀ-t±-i-§Ä \Â-Ip-I. an-I-¨ am-t\-Pv-saâ v kw-hn[m-\-¯n-eq-sS sN-dp-In-S, C-S-¯-cw kw-cw-`-§-fp-sS h-fÀ-¨ D-d-¸m-¡p-I. Øm-]-\-s¯bpw A-Xn-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-kw-hn-[m-\-§sfbpw ]-än ]Tn-¡p-Ibpw an-I-¨ {]-IS-\w Im-gv-N-sh-bv-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-Å \nÀ-t±-i-§Ä \Â-Ip-Ibpw sN-¿p-I. kw-cw-`-¯n-sâ B-Iam-\ Im-cy£-a-X hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-¶Xn-\v t{]-c-I-am-Ip-I. hy-h-km-b-im-e-bp-sS {]-hÀ¯-\w sa-¨-s¸-Sp-¯p¶-Xn-\v k-lm-bn-¡p-I. \ho-\ cq-]-IÂ-]-\m-hn-[nI-fn-eq-sS DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä IqSp-X B-IÀ-j-I-am-¡m³ k-lm-bn-¡p-I. \m-ep ]-Xn-äm-≠n-sâ {]hÀ-¯-\ ]m-c-¼-cy-ap-Å InävtIm-bp-sS taÂ-t\m-«-¯n \-S-¸n-em-¡p¶ t^m-kv-äÀ am-t\-P-saâ v ]-²-Xn-bn-te-¡v cm-Py-¯n-\-I¯pw ]p-d¯p-apÅ C-´y-¡mcm-b hy-hkm-b/hm-Wn-Py/tk-h\ kw-cw-`-IÀ, sN-dp-In-SþCS¯-cw ta-J-e-bn-se Xp-S-¡Imcm-b kw-cw-`IÀ, D-t±-in-¨ D-b-c-§-fn F-¯n-s¸-Sm³ I-gn-bm-sX t]m-b I-¼-\nIÄ, Iq-Sp-X t\-«w e-£y-an-Sp-¶ Øm-]-\-§Ä F-¶n-hÀ-¡v A-t]-£n-¡mw. Øm-]-\-¯nsâ \n-e-hn-ep-Å Øn-Xnbpw h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡p-Å km-[y-X-Ifpw hn-e-bn-cp-¯p-¶ {]m-Yan-I ] T-\-¯n-eq-sS-bmhpw Øm-]\§-sf sX-sc-sª-Sp-¡p-I. Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS kz-`m-hw I-W-¡m-¡n-bm-Wv {]-Xn-amk ^okpw em-`-hn-ln-Xhpw Xo-cpam-\n-¡p-I.

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Iq-Sp-X hn-h-c-§Ä-¡v _-Ô-s¸Sp-I: PnÂ-kv sI tPmkv, {]n³-kn-¸Â I¬-kÄ«â, InävtIm en-anäUv, ]n-_n \-¼À 4407 s^-an-¯vkv, ]pXnb tdmUv, F³F-¨v ss_-]mkv, sh®-e, sIm¨n-þ682028 t^m¬: 0484þ4129000/ 2805066 C-sa-bnÂ: mail@kitco.in sh_v-sskäv: www.kitco.in


AXnYn

Ih-Sn-bmÀ sIm«m-c-¯nse AI-ap-dn-I-fn Nne-Xv. alm-ßm-KmÔnsb B\-bn-¨n-cp-¯nb ]oTw (\SphnÂ)

Photos: Sumithra Sathyan

AizXn Xn-cp-\mÄ Ku-coe-£v-an `m-bv

N-cn-{X-¯n-sâ \q-en-g-I-fn \n-¶v A-\´am-sbm-cp {]u-V-kw-kv-Ir-Xn-bpsS HmÀ-½-s¨-¸v Xp-d-¡p-I-bm-Wv A-iz-Xn Xncp-\mÄ Ku-coe-£v-an `mbv. Im-e-¯n-sâ kv-ar-Xn-ap-{Z-IÄ ]-Xn-ª, Xn-cp-hn-XmwIq-dn-sâ Bßmw-i-am-bncp-¶ -Ih-Sn-bmÀ sIm-«m-c-¯n-sâ kzo-I-c-W-ap-dn-bn-encp¶v ]-Xn-sb kw-km-cn-¨v Xp-S-§p-I-bmWv A-iz-Xn Xn-cp-\mÄ...

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cp-thm-W-\m-fp-I-fp-sS k-ar-²-]q-cn-Xam-b HmÀ-aIm-e-§ÄX-s¶ F-{X kp-µ-c-amWv. H-cp ]q-¡m-ew t]m -se-bmWv Hm-W-kv-ar-Xn-I-sfm-s¡-bpw. Hm-Ww H-cp \m e-©v Zn-h-k-t¯-¡v am-{X-am-bn C-hn-sS Bcpw Im-WmdnÃ. Hm-W-sa¶-Xv H-cp kw-kv-Im-c-t_m-[-amWv, ss]Xr-I-_-e-amWv, H-cpÄ-¡m-gv-N-bmWv, \mw Po-hn-¡p¶ tem-I-t¯-¡v \mw \Â-Ip-¶ H-cp ss_-s{]m-U-Îm-WXv. B Im-gv-N-¸m-Sn Po-hn-¨m H-cn-¡Â t]mepw \-ap-¡v A-\y-Xmt_m-[-ap-≠m-InÃ. C-hnsS, Cu ap-dn-bn F-sâ s]m-¶-½m-h-sâ (Nn¯nc Xn-cp-\mÄ _me-cmahÀ-½) km-¶n-[y-ap≠v. A-t±-l-sam-¯p-Å Hmtcm Zn-\-§-fpw Hmtcm k-µÀ-`§fpw Po-hn-X-¯n-se A-kp-e-`am-b {]-bm-W-§-fm-bmWv tXm-¶p-¶Xv. HmW-s¯ hn-ip-²am-sbm-cp hn-Im-c-am¡n-bXv, km-¶-n-[y-am-¡nb-Xv A-t±-l-am-Wv. "Np-äp-ap-Å Hmtcm N-e-\-§-fn-epw {io ]-ß-\m-`-kzm-an-bp-sS I-®p-Ifp≠v; an-X-am-tb Po-hn-¡mhq, an-X-am-tb B-{K-ln-¡mhq. Hm-tcm-¶nepw Hm-tcm¶pw ]-e-Xm-bn tImÀ-¯n-W-¡-s¸-«ncn-¡p¶p. Cu tem-Is¯ Hmtcm kr-ãnbpw Zu-Xy-\nÀ -Æ-l-W-]m-X-bn-emWv. Ah-sb H-¶ns\-t]mepw \pÅnt\m-hn-¡m-sX Po-hn-¡m³ ]Tn-¡p-I. "a-l¯mb temI-ZÀ-i\w X-s¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p R-§Ä-¡Xv. F-sâ ktlmZ-cn ]qbw-Xn-cp-\mÄ Kuco-]mÀÆXo`mbv, k-tlmZ-c-³ aq-ewXn-cp-\mÄ cm-a-hÀ-½, R-§-sfÃmw A-t±-lw ]-d-ª-Xv A-£-cw{]-Xn A-\p-k-cn¨p. F-\n-¡v C-¶v ImWmw, B `m-kp-c-kp-µ-cam-b Im-e-¯n-sâ Xn-f¡w, H«pw a-§-teÂ-¡m-sX.. Fsâ Hm-W-kv-ar-Xn-IÄ t]mepw B ZÀ-i-\-t¯m-Sv _-Ô-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p.. FÃm-hÀ¡pw sImSp¯pw Du-«nbpw ]-cn-]m-en-¨p-apÅ B ]-g-b-Im-e-¯nsâ N-cn-{Xm-hn-jv-Im-cw am-{X-amWv Hm-W-sa-¶v F-\n-¡v ]-e-t¸mgpw tXm-¶pw. Hm-Ww a-\-Ên-em-Wv th-≠Xv. ka-Xz-Xp-ey-X-bp-sS t\À-¡m-gv-Nb-tà k-Xy-¯n Hm-Ww \-ap-s¡Ãmw ]-IÀ-¶p \Â-Ip-¶Xv!. DÕ-hw t]m-se-bm-W-v As¶Ãmw, F-¶mepw A-Xn\v H-cp C-cp-¯-ap≠v. FÃm-hÀ-¡pw ssI-\n-d-sb k-½m\-§Ä \Â-Im³, hmÕeyt¯msS Du-«m³ ]Tn-¨p-XpS-§n-bXpw C-Xn-sâ-sbÃmw _m-¡n-¸-{X-am-Imw. C-hn-sS C-§-s\-tb D-Åq. sIm«m-c-¯n-se-¯p¶ FÃm-hcpw R§Ä¡Xn-Yn-I-fmWv. AXn bmsXmcp ]£-]m -X-hp-an-Ã. ]e-Xcw Bfp-IÄ, ]e cmPy-¯nÂ\n¶pw ]

HmW-kv-ar-Xn-bp-sS sIm-«m-c-¸S-hp-I-fn AizXn Xn-cp-\mÄ Ku-coe-£v-an `m-bv e `mjbn kwkm-cn-¡p-¶-hÀ. HmÀ½-bp≠v; ChnsS Cu apdn-bn alm-ßm-KmÔn h¶v Ccp-¶Xpw kzX{´ C´y-bpsS BZys¯ {]kn-Uâ v tUm. cmtP-{µ-{]-kmZv h¶Xv A§s\ hntZ-i-¯pÅ {]ap-J-cmb H«-\-h-[nt]À ChnsS h¶-Xpw R§Ä BXn-tY-bXzw \ÂInbXpw... FÃm-h-scbpw Htc-t]mse ImWm\pw FÃmhÀ¡pw \· hcm³ B{K-ln-¡p-¶XpamWv HmW-sa¶ BtLm-js¯ kmÀÆ-eu-Io-I-amb Hcp Bi-b-am¡n amäp-¶-Xv. AXn-\m-emWv HmWw Ipd-¨p-Zn-h-k-§-fntet¡m Ime-t¯t¡m DÅ-Xm-sW¶v Icp-Xp-Ibpw hniz-kn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-cp-sX¶v ]d-bp-¶-Xv. A§s\ Nn´n-¡p-t¼mÄ Pohn-X-s¯-¡p-dn-¨pÅ \½psS Imgv¨¸m-Sp-Xs¶ amdp-¶-Xp-Im-Wmw. Fhn-sSbpw kt´mjw Xpfp-¼p-¶Xv ZÀin-¡mw, ka-Xz-X-bpsS alm-ZÀi-\-§Ä Pohn-Xs¯ al-\o-b-am-¡p-¶Xpw Xncn-¨-dn-bmw. A-l¦m-cw te-iw t]m-ep-anÃm-sX FÃmw {io ]-ß-\m-`kzman-bn AÀ-¸n-¨v F-s¶ C-\n-bp-an§-s\ `-Pn-¨v Po-hn¡m³ A-\p-h-Zn¡-tW F-¶p am-{X-a-m-Wv {]mÀ-Y-\..

Po-hnXw Hm-W-am¡-Ww B-tLm-j-aà \-ap-¡v th-≠Xv, B-tLm-j§Ä P-\n-¸n-¡p-¶ hÀ-®-{]-`tbm I-®-©n-¸n-¡p-¶ A-e¦mctXm-cW-§tfm Aà \-ap-¡m-h-iyw. a\-kv sIm-≠pw i-co-cw sIm-≠pw \mw H-cp a-\p-jy-\m-hpI F-¶-XmWv, kv-t\-l-¯nepw km-tlm-Z-cy-¯nepw A-[n-jvTn-Xam-b H-cp Po-hn-X-ssi-en cq-]-s¸-Sp¯p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv \mw I-s≠-t¯-≠-Xv.. A-Xn-\À-°w km-t¦Xn-IXsbtbm hn-I-k-\s¯tbm X-g-bp-I-tbm, A-hsbm-¶pw D-]-Im-c-{]-Z-aà F-¶v hm-Zn-¡p-Itbm AÃ. FÃm hn-I-k-\-§fpw ]p-tcm-K-Xn-bpw ap-t¶-ä-§fpw B-Xy-´n-Iam-b a-\p-jy-\·-bv-¡v th-≠n-bp-Å-Xm-sW-¶v kz-bw A-dn-bp-I-bm-Wv th-≠Xv. FÃm a-\p-jy-À-¡pw, X-e-ap-d-IÄ¡pw Kp-W-{]-Z-am-bn th-Ww C-h-sbÃmw

Po-hnX-s¯ kv-]À-in-t¡-≠-Xv. \mw t\-Sm³ B-{K-ln¡p-¶ k-t´mjw, A-]c-sâ Zp-xJ-am-I-cpXv. A-Xv bYmÀ-Y k-t´m-jam-tWm? kmtlm-Z-cy-¯n A-[n-jvTn-Xam-sbm-cp Po-hn-Xkwkv-Im-cw D-≠m-bn-cp-¶-h-cm-Wv \mw, B kw-kv-Im-chpw Po-hn-Xm-h-t_m-[hpw \-ã-s¸-«p-Xp-S-§n-b C-S-¯m-Wv \-½p-sS ]-cm-P-b-§Ä Xp-S-§p-¶-sX-¶v \mw H-¶n-cp-¯n B-tem-Nn-¨m a-\-kn-em-Ipw. A-sXÃmw A-dn-ªn«pw A-dn-bm-`m-hw \-Sn-¡p-¶-Xn-em-Wv F-\n-¡-Ûp-Xw... F-´n\n-sXÃmw? BÀ-¡v th-≠n-bn-sXÃmw..? kz-b-a-dnbp-I F-¶m `-K-hm-s\ A-dnbp-I F¶-tà k-Xyw? kz-bw A-dn-ªn«pw Cà F-¶v \-Sn-¡p-t¼mÄ \mw \-s½-¯s¶b-tà h-©n-¡p-¶-Xv...?

t{ijvT]mc-¼cyw AÀ°-]qÀ®-am-¡Ww Po-hn-Xw t{i-jvT-am-¡Ww, D-bÀ-¶ Nn-´-I-fmepw A-hn-sS-bmWv. sIm-≠m-S-s¸-Sp-¶-XneÃ. sIm-≠p-\-S-¡p¶-Xn-em-Wv b-YmÀ-° Hm-Ww F-¶v hn-iz-kn-¡p-¶-bmfm-Wv Rm³. F-´n-epw F-´nepw F-hn-sS-bpw {io-]ß-\m-`-kzm-an-sb ZÀ-in-¡m³ I-gn-bp-¶ H-cp a-\-kvþ A-{Xa-Xn-sb-\n-¡v H-cp Po-hn-Xw \n-d-bm³; Hm-W-\n-em-hnsâ ss\Àaeyku-µcyw a-\-kn-em-hm-ln-¡m³... I-h-Sn-bmÀ sIm-«m-c-¯n-sâ \-S-h-gn-bn-eq-sS A-iz-Xn Xn-cp-\mfn-s\m-¸w \-S-¡p-t¼mÄ, ssN-X-\y-kv-^p-c-W§Ä Xn-f-§p-¶ ap-Jw Rm³ I≠p. hn-Zq-cam-b Im-e¯nÂ, Hm-W-¸m«pw io-ep-Ifpw Xn-cp-hm-Xn-c-I-fnbpw sXmSn-\nd-sb ]qhpw ]q-¡-f-hpw.... A-t¸mÄ A-hn-sS aq-¯ X-¼p-cm«n ]qbw-Xn-cp-\mÄ Ku-co-]mÀÆXo`m-bn-bp-sS a-I³ A-iz-Xn Xn-cp-\mÄ cm-a-hÀ-½-bp-sS a-[p-cam-sbm-cp Km-\-¯nsâ Cu-c-Sn-IÄ H-gp-In-sb-¯p-¶p-≠m-bn-cp-¶p... X¿m-dm-¡nbXv: kp-an-{X k-Xy³

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Fsâ tIcfw

F-³-tUm-kÄ-^m³ t]m-ep-Å hn-j-a-g-IÄ C-\n s]-¿-cp-sX-¶p ]-d-bp-¶p A-£-c-§-fn-eq-sS Po-hn-Xm-\p-`-h§-sf B-hm-ln-¨ a-ebm-f-¯n-sâ {]n-b-s¸-« F-gp-¯p-Im-c³ Fw Sn hm-kp-tZ-h³ \mbÀ. {]-Ir-Xn-sb a-d-¶p-Å hy-h-km-b-hÂ-¡-c-W-am-Wv \-½p-sS kw-Øm-\w t\-cn-Sp-¶ {]-[m-\ shÃp-hnfn. Ir-jn-bn-S-§Ä ho-Sp-IÄ¡pw hy-h-kmb-im-e-IÄ¡pw h-gn-am-dn-bn-cn-¡p¶p. ImÀjn-I kw-kv-Im-c-¯n-te¡p-Å Xn-cn-¨p-t]m-¡v A-\n-hm-cy-am-sW-¶p I-cp-Xp-¶ Fw -Sn A-t±-l¯n-sâ Im-gv-¨-¸m-Sp-IÄ ]-¦p-h-bv-¡p-¶p F-sâ tI-c-f-¯n-eq-sS...

lcnXtIc-fw F-sâ kz-]v-\w ]-cn-Øn-Xn {]-iv-\-§Ä A-e-«m-¯, h-b-ep-IÄ \n-I-¯-s¸-Sm-¯, Ip-¶p-IÄ C-Sn-¡m-¯, H-cn-äv \o-cn-\m-bn \-Zn-IÄ tI-gm-¯ tI-c-f-am-Wv F-sâ kz-]v-\-¯nteXv. A-Xn-\n km-[y-am-Inà F-¶v ]qÀ-®-t_m-[y-ap-≠v. hn-I-k-\-{]-hÀ-¯\-sa-¶m \-K-c-hÂ-¡c-Ww am-{X-amsW-¶ Nn-´-bm-Wv s]m-Xp-th a-e-bm-fnIÄ-¡p-Å-Xv. A¼-Xv In-tem-ao-ä-dp-IÄ Iq-Sp-t¼mÄ A-h\v FbÀ-t]mÀ-«v thWw.

A-Xn-\pth-≠n Ir-jn-`q-an-IÄ hym-]-Iam-bn \n-I-¯p¶p. A§-s\ C-t¸mÄ H-cp Xp-≠v Ir-jn-`q-an t]mepw kw-Øm\-¯nÃm-¯ A-h-Ø-bmWv. ap-³-X-eap-d h-b-ep-I-fn-emWv h-fÀ-¶sX-¦n C¶s¯ Ip-«n-IÄ s\Â-h-b Im-Wm³ kv-Iq-fp-I-fn \n¶pw SqÀ t]m-tI-≠ K-Xn-tI-Sn-emWv. ]¨-¸v \-ap-¡v A-\y-ambn-cn-¡p¶p. Ip-¶n³-]p-d-§Ä A-{]-Xy£-am-bn-. ho-Sp-IÄ \n-d-ª t¹m-«p-I-Ä am-{Xam-bn h-b-epIÄ amdn. th-\-ep-IÄ

A-XnITn\w. Pe-t{km-X-kp-I-sfbpw {]-Ir-Xn-sbbpw \-in-¸n-¨p sIm-≠p-Å hy-h-km-b-hÂ-¡c-Ww BÀ-¡pth-≠nbmWv. {]-Ir-Xn-bpsS k-´p-en-Xm-h-Ø X-IÀ-¯p sIm-≠p-Å hn-Ik-\w H-cn¡epw h-fÀ-¨bÃ. a-\p-jysâ Po-hn¡m-\p-Å A-h-Im-i-¯n-\v t\-sc-bp-Å I-S-¶p- I-b-ä-am-WXv. C-Xn-s\Ãmw am-ä-ap≠m-IWw. F-³-tUm-kÄ-^m³ t]m -ep-Å hn-j-a-g-IÄ C-\n s]-¿-cpXv. ]m-S¯pw \m-«p-h-gn-I-fnepw ]¨-¸v Xn-cn-s¨¯p-¶ Im-e-am-Wv F-sâ kz-]v\w.

hn-Zym-`ym-k-cw-Kw, B-tcm-Ky-ta-J-e.. tI-c-f-¯n\v G-sd `m-hn-bp-Å ta-Je-I-fm-Wv hn-Zym-`ym-khpw B-tc-m-Ky--hpw. Cu c-≠v ta-J-e-Ifpw B-tKm-f-X-e¯n¯s¶ Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡-s¸-«-Xm-Wv. Ch G-sd ap-t¶m-«pt]m-bn-¡-gnªp. F-¶m C¶v Cu c-≠v ta-J-e-Ifpw Nn-e Øm-]n-X -XmÂ-¸-cy-¡m-cp-sS \n-b{´-W-¯n-emWv. hn-Zym-`ym-k-ta-Je-sb K-h¬-saâ v X-s¶ Pm-Xnþa-X i-ànIÄ-¡v Xo-sd-gpXn. C-¶v tI-cf-¯n-sâ hn-Zym-`ym-k-cw-K-¯n-sâ \-sÃm-cp i-X-am\w kz-Im-cy-ta-J-e-bn-emWv. A-Xn `qcn-`m-Khpw km-ap-Zmbn-I kw-L-S-\-I-fp-sS \n-b-{´-W-¯n-epw. ]-W-k-¼m-Z\-¯nsd-t¸cpw C-Xn-s\ Im-Wp-¶Xv. s]mXp-hn-Zym-e-b§sf km-[m-c-W-¡mc-\v t]mepw th≠m-¯ A-h-Ø-. F-¶m B-tcm-Ky-cw-K-¯v s]m-Xp-ta-J-e i-àamWv. kz-Im-cy B-ip-]-{XnI-sf shÃp¶ ku-I-cy-§Ä s]m-Xp-ta-J-e-bn-se B-ip-]-{Xn-IÄ-¡p-≠v. F-¶m th-≠ {]m-[m\yw Cu cwK-¯v s]m-Xp-ta-J-ebv¡v e-`n-¡p-¶pt≠m F-¶p tNm-Z-n¨m kw-i-b-amWv. Im-em-\p-kr-Xam-b am-ä§Ä h-cp-¯n ap-t¶m-«pt]m-Im³ I-gnªm kw-Øm-\-¯n-sâ ap-J-Om-b am-äm³ Cu ta-J-e-IÄ-¡v km-[n-¡pw.

am-[y-a-§Ä k-Xym-t\z-jn-I-fmIWw hmÀ-¯-Ifpw k-Xy-§-fpw t{]£-I-cn-te-¡v F-¯n-t¡-≠-hcm-Wv am-[y-a§Ä. F-¶m C-¶v A-h-cp-sS Im-gv-¨¸m-Sp-IÄ P-\-§fn Ip-¯n-sh¡m-\mW-hÀ {i-an-¡p-¶Xv. t{]-£Isc Nn-´n-¡m³ A-\p-h-Zn-¡p-¶nÃ. H-cp am-[y-a-¯n-eq-sSbpw k-Xy-sa-´m-sW-¶v Xn-cn-¨-dn-bm³ I-gn-bp-¶nà F-¶-Xm-Wp hm-kv-Xhw. C¶v tI-c-f-¯n-se am-[ya-§Ä kz-b-sam-cp N-«-¡q-Sn-\p-Ån H-Xp-§p-I-bmWv. A-hÀ X-s¶ A-h-cp-sS

42

Im-gv-¨-¸m-SpI-sf hn-im-e-am-¡m³ b-Xv-\n¡Ww.

cm-{ão-bw `oIcw A-Xo-h-`o-I-c-am-Wv C¶-s¯ cm{ãobw. R§-sf t]m-epÅ ]-g-b Bfp-IÄ¡vv \-½p-sS \m-«n-se cm-{ão-bw C-{Xbpw tam-i-s¸-« A-h-Ø-bn-se-¯psa¶vv Nn-´n-¡m-t\ I-gn-bnÃm-bn-cp-¶p. A-gn-a-Xn-bn ap-§n-\nÂ-¡p-I-bm-Wv cm-{ão-b-cwKw.

th-Ww ImÀjn-I kw-kv-Im-cw hy-h-km-b-hÂ-¡-c-Whpw \-K-c-h¡-c-Whpw aq-ew Ir-jn-bn-S-§Ä A-{]Xy-£-am-b-t¸mÄ tI-c-f-¯n\v kz-´-ambn-cp-¶ ImÀ-jn-I-kw-kv-Im-cw Iq-Sn-bm-Wv \-ã-am-bXv. C-¶v B-{Ô-bn \n¶pw Acn h-¶nÃm-sb-¦nÂ, X-an-gv-\m-«n \n ¶pw ]-¨-¡-dn-IÄ h-¶nÃm-sb-¦n a-e-bm-fn ]-«n-Wn-bm-Wv. Ip-d-¨p hÀj§Ä-¡pap-¼v h-sc C-sXÃmw tI-c-f¯n X-s¶ DÂ-¸m-Zn-¸n-¨n-cp-¶-h-bmWv. F-¶m C-¶v B Ir-jn-bn-S-§-fn \nd -sb ho-Sp-I-fpw hy-h-km-b-im-e-I-fp-amWv. C-sXm-cp h-fÀ-¨bmtWm? H-cp Znh-kw A-\y-kw-Øm-\-§-fn tem-dn h-¶nÃmsb-¦n \-½p-sS A-h-Ø-sb´mWv. H-cphÀ-jwap-¼v apÃ-s¸-cn-bmÀ {]-iv-\¯n X-an-gv-\m«n \n¶pw tem-dn-IÄ hcm-sX-bm-b-t¸mÄ kw-Øm-\w _p²nap«n-b Im-gv-N I-≠-Xm-W-tÃm. A-XpsIm≠v C-\n-sb-¦nepw h-b-epIfn-te-¡v Xn-cn-¨pt]m-Im³ \mw X-¿m-dm-IWw. A-Xv \-½p-sS kw-kv-Im-c-¯n-sâ `m-Kw Iq-Sn-bmWv.

a-§p-¶ HmWw, hnjp ImÀ-jn-I-kw-kv-Im-cw \-½p-sS Po-hnX-ssi-en-I-fn \n¶pw A-I¶p-t]m-bt¸mÄ kzm-`m-hn-I-am-bn tI-c-f-¯n ImÀjn-tImÕ-h-§-fp-sS {]m-[m-\yhpw Ip-dªp. HmWw, hn-jp ap-Xem-b DÂk-h-§Ä C-¶v t]-cn-\v am-{X-amWv. A-h C-¶v sd-Un-sa-bv-Uv DÂk-h-§-fm-bn am-dn-. ]q-¡-f-an-Sm³ ]q-hv X-an-gv-\m-«n \n¶pw h-cWw. hn-jp-hn-\v I-Wn sh¡p-¶Xpw X-an-gv-\m-«n \n¶pw h-cp-¶ ]-¨-¡-dn-IÄ D-]-tbm-Kn¨v. ]-s≠m-s¡ R-§Ä \m-Sv sam-¯w \S-¶v ]q-¡Ä ti-Jcn-¨m-bn-cp-¶p ]q-¡-f-an-«n-cp-¶-Xv. X-an-gv-\m-«n \n¶pw h-cp-¶ ]q-¡Ä hm-§nsbmcp-¡p¶ ]q-¡-f-¯n-\v F-´v {]-k-àn-bm-Wp-ÅXv. A-sÃ-¦n¯-s¶ Ir-jn-bnÃm-¯ \m-«n ImÀjn-tImÕh§Ä-¡v F-´v {]m-[m-\yw. X-bm-dm-¡nb-Xv: hn-jv-Wp sP-sP \mbÀ


_n-kn-\-kn-se Im-Wm-s¨-e-hp-IÄ... _n-kn-\-Ên-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\ aq-e-[-\w (working capital) {]-[m-\-ambpw c-≠p ta-J-e-I-fn-em-Wv G-ä-hpw Iq-Sp-X \n-t£-]n-¡ -s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. A-kw-kv-Ir-X h-kv-Xp-¡Ä DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä F-¶nh-b-S-§p-¶ tÌm-¡n-epw sU-_v-tä-gv-kn-ep-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯-\-aqe-[-\-¯n-sâ `q-cn-`m-Kw hn-\y-kn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. C-h-bp-sS kq-£va-hpw ^-e-{]-Z-hp-am-b am-t\-Pv-saân-eq-sS am-{X-ta G-sXm-cp _n-kn-\-Ên-\pw Iq-Sp-X em-`w t\-Sp-hm-\pw hn-P-b-Ic-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-hm-\pw km-[n-¡p-I-bp-Åq...

amt\-Pvsaâv DÂ-¸-¶-§-sf H-gn-hm-¡p-¶-Xn-\pw, B-hiy-am-b-h am-{Xw \n-e-\nÀ-¯p-¶-Xn \pw k-lm-bn-¡pw.

kv-täm-dn-\v Ir-Xy-am-b cq-]-tc-J D-≠m-¡p-I Hm-tcm DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-\pw Ir-Xy-am-b Øm-\w tÌm-dn \nÀ-®-bn-¡-Ww. D¸-¶-¯n-sâ h-ep¸w D-]-t`m-K-¯n-sâ th-K-X F-¶n-h-bp-sS A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n th-Ww Øm-\w \n-Ý-bn-t¡-≠-Xv. DÂ-¸¶-§-fp-sS tÌm-¡v th-K-¯n F-Sp-¡phm-\pw Xn-c-¨n-en-\m-h-iy-am-b k-a-bw em-`n-¡m-\pw C-Xp-h-gn km-[n-¡p-¶p.

Ir-Xy-am-b I-W-¡p-IÄ kq-£n-¡p-I kv-täm-¡n-sâ Ir-Xy-am-b I-W-¡p-IÄ G-Xp k-a-b-hpw _n-kn-\-Ên e-`y-am¡-Ww. tÌm-¡n-sâ Ir-Xy-am-b hn-h-cw b-Ym-k-a-bw e-`y-am-¡m-\pw, DÂ-¸-¶-§fp-sS tÌm-dn-se Øm-\w A-dn-bm-\pw hm§Â {]-{In-b-sb ]n´m-§p-hm-\p-sa-Ãmw I-¼yq-«-ssd-kvUv kn-Ì-¯n-\p km-[n-¡pw. kv-täm-¡v t]m-se-X-s¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\aq-e-[-\-¯n-sâ ]-c-a-{]-[m-\-am-b a-säm-cp \n-t£-]-am-Wv Debtors. hn¸-\ D-b-cpwtXm-dpw C-h-cn-se \n-t£-]-hpw h-f-cp-¶p. \-½Ä t\-c-s¯ tÌm-¡n-sâ Im-cy-¯n I-≠-t]m-se X-s¶ C-h-cp-sS ta-ep-Å _n-kn-\-Ên-sâ \n-t£-]-hpw

{]-hÀ-¯-\-sNe-hn hÀ-²-\ h-cp-¯p¶p. Cu \n-t£-]-¯n ]-en-i-bn-\¯n h-cp-¶ sNe-hv Hm-tcm Zn-h-k-hpw hÀ-²n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. Debtors Carrying Costs F-¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶ Cu sNe-hv ]-c-am-h[n Ip-d-¨p-sIm-≠v ap-t¶m-«p t]m-Ip-hm³ km-[n-¨n-sæn hnÂ-¸-\-bn e-`n-¡p-¶ em-`w Cu Im-Wm-s¨e-hn-eq-sS \-ã-am-¡s¸-Spw.

Debtors Management ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn \-S-¸n-em¡pI Debtors sâ follow-up \m-bn ^-e-{]-Zamb H-cp kn-Ìw _n-kn-\-Ên \-S-¸n-em¡Ww. Øn-cam-b Hcp Collection tracking system C-Xn-\m-bn cq-]o-I-cn-¡Ww. Credit Period \p-Ån X-s¶ ]-Ww k-am-l-cn-s¨Sp-¯n-sÃ-¦n Xp-SÀ-¶p h-cp-¶ Hmtcm Zn-h-k-hpw Debtors Carrying Cost Iq-Sns¡m≠n-cn-¡p-Ibpw B hnÂ-¸-\-bn \n¶pw e-`n-¡p-¶ em-`w Ip-d-bp-Itbm CÃm-Xmhp-Itbm sN-¿-mw. C-Xn-\mbn Debtors s\ Ageing (In-«m-\p-Å Xp-I F-{X Zn-h-k-§fm-bn F-¶ co-Xn-bn hÀ-Ko-I-cn-¡p-¶ {]-{In-b) \S-¯n \n-c-´-cam-b follow-up eqsS ]-c-amh-[n th-K-¯n Xp-I ]n-cn-s¨Sp-¡p-hm³ Cu kn-Ì-¯n-\p I-gn-bWw. C-§n-s\ tÌm-¡nepw sU-_v-tä-gv-knepw \n-£-]n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\aq-e-[-\¯n-sâ tXm-Xv Ip-d-bv¡m³ I-gn-ªm am-{X-ta _-n-kn-\-kp-IÄ-¡v \n-e-\n¡m-\mIq.

{]apJ amt\Pvsaâ v I¬kÄ«âpw ]cnioeI\pamb teJI³ FdWmIpfw tI{µambn {] hÀ¯n¡p¶ UohmeÀ amt\Pvsaâ v I¬kÄ«â vkv ss{]häv enanäUv amt\PnwKv UbdIvSdmWv. Cu tImf¯n ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ hnjb§sf¡pdn¨pÅ kwib§Ä sudheerbabu@ devalorconsultants.com F¶ Cþsabnente¡bbv¡mw

i -à-am-b H-cp am-t\-Pv-saâ v

kw-hn-[m-\-¯nsâ A-`m-hw aq-ew ]-e-t¸mgpw {]-hÀ-¯-\kp-[oÀ aq-e-[-\-¯n-s\ _m_p Im-cy-£-a-am-bn hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡p-hm³ _n-kn-\-kn-\p I-gn-bm-sX h-cp-¶p. kv-täm-¡pw sU-_vtä-gv-kpw ssI-Im-cyw sN-¿p-¶ B-kq-{XW-¯n h-cp-¶ ]n-g-hp-IÄ _n-kn-\-kv sNehp-IÄ hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-I-bpw em-`¯n Ip-d-hv h-cp-¯p-I-bpw sN-¿p-¶p. F-¶m C-h-bp-sS Im-cy-£-a-am-b hn-\n-tbm-Kw \n-t£-]-¯n-sâ tXm-Xv Ip-dbv-¡p-I-bpw _n-kn-\-kn-s\ em-`-Ic-am-¡p-I-bpw sN-¿p-¶p. A-Xp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ C-h-bp-sS hn-\n-tbm-K-¯n H-cp _n-kn-\-kp-Im-c-sâ Ir-Xy-am-b B-kq{X-W-hpw \nÀ-Æ-l-W-hpw A-Xo-h {]m -[m-\y-aÀ-ln-¡p-¶p. _n-kn-\-kn Ir-Xy-X-bmÀ-¶, ià-am-b tÌm-¡v am-t\-Pv-saâ v kn-kväw A-\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. DÂ-¸m-Z-\-¯n-sâ-tbm hnÂ-¸-\-bp-sS-tbm tXm-X-\p-k-cn-¨v Bh-iy-am-b-h am-{Xw kv-täm-¡v sN-¿p-¶ H-cp {]-hÀ-¯-\-co-Xn _n-kn-\-kp-IÄ A-h-ew-_n-¡Ww. sNe-hp-IÄ ]-c-amh-[n Ip-d-¨v Kp-W-¯n hn-«p-ho-gv-N-bnÃm-sX Iq-Sp-X em-`w t\-Sp-I-sb-¶ X-{´-am-bn-cn-¡-Ww kzo-I-cn-t¡-≠-Xv. kv-täm-¡n h-cp-¶ \n-t£-]w Ir-Xy-ambn B-kq-{X-Ww sN-t¿-≠-Xn-sâ {]m-[m\yw C-hn-sS-bm-Wv. im-kv-{Xo-b-am-b am-t\-Pv-saâ vco-Xn-I-fp-sS A-h-ew-_w tÌm-¡n-ep-Å \n-t£-]w _p-²n-]-c-ambn \-S-¸n-em-¡p-hm³ k-lm-b-I-c-am-Ipw. A-kw-kv-Ir-h-kv-Xp-¡-fp-sS-tbm DÂ-¸-¶§-fp-sS-tbm hm-§Â ap-X D-]-t`m-Kw h-sc-bp-Å {]-{In-b-bn h-cp-¯p-¶ Icp-X A-\n-b-{´n-X-am-b \n-t£-]w X-Sbp-¶-Xn-\pw sNe-hp-IÄ \n-b-{´n-¡p-¶Xn-\pw _n-kn-\-kn-s\ {]m-]v-X-am-¡pw. tÌm-¡n-ep-Å A-\m-h-iy- \n-t£-

]w F-§-s\ sNehv hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-sa-¶v -t\m-¡mw. _n-kn-\-kv \-S-¯n-s¡m-≠p t]m-Ip-¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\-aq-e-[-\-¯n-sâ hen-sbm-cp `m-K-am-Wv Hm-tcm _n-kn-\-kpw kv-täm-¡n \n-t£-]n-¡p-¶-Xv. Cu \n-t£-]-¯n-\v H-cp aq-ey-ap-≠v. Iym-jv s{I-Un-täm Hm-hÀ-{Um-^v-täm h-gn kw-`cn-¡p-¶ aq-e-[-\-am-Wv \mw kv-täm-¡n \n-t£-]n-¡p-¶-Xv. C-h-bp-sS ]-en-i-bn\-¯n h-cp-¶ sNehv tÌm-¡n-ep-Å ap-XÂap-S-¡v hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-¶p. _n-kn-\kn tÌm-¡n-s\ h-ln-¡p-¶ sNehv (Stock Carrying Cost) B-cpw Im-Wm-sX t]m-Ip-¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\-sNehm-Wv. tÌm-¡n B-h-iy-¯n-e-[n-Iw h-cp-¶ \n-t£-]w Hm-tcm Zn-h-k-hpw tÌm-¡nep-Å _n-kn-\-Ên-sâ ap-XÂap-S-¡v hÀ²n-¸n-¡p-I-bpw DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ em-`w Ip-d-bv¡p-I-bpw sN-¿p-¶p. Ir-Xy-am-b B-kq-{X-W-¯n-eq-sS tÌm-¡v \n-b-{´n¨m Cu Im-Wm-sN-e-hv ]-c-am-h-[n Ip-d-bv-¡mw.

B-h-iy-¯n-\p-am-{Xw tÌm-¡v sN-¿p-I A-kw-kv-Ir-X h-kv-Xp-¡-fp-sS-bpw DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS-bpw e-`y-X I-W-¡nse-Sp-¯p-sIm-≠v B-h-iy-¯n-\p-am-{Xw tÌm-¡v sN-¿p-¶ {]-h-W-X _n-kn-\kn \-S-¸m-¡-Ww. C-Xn-eq-sS tÌm-¡v sN-¿m-\m-h-iy-am-b Ø-e-¯n-sâ Bh-iy-I-X-bpw \n-t£-]-hpw Ip-d-bv¡mw. Hm-tcm DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ-bpw Re-order level I-W-¡m-¡p-I-bpw hm-§Â A-Xn-sâ A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n \nÀ-®-bn-¡p-I-bpw th-Ww. Just-in-time F-¶ B-i-bw \-S-¸nem-¡m³ _n-kn-\-kn-\v km-[n-¡-Ww.

DÂ-¸-¶-§-sf X-cw-Xn-cn-¡p-I Iq-Sp-X th-K-¯n hnÂ-¡-s¸Sp-¶ (Fast Moving) Ip-d-ª th-K-¯n hnÂ-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ (slow Moving) hnÂ-¸-\-bnÃm-¯ (Non Moving) F-¶ co-Xn-bn D¸-¶-§-sf X-cw-Xn-cn-¨v tÌm-¡v sN-¿m³ c-W {]-{In-b-IÄ D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v X-cw-Xn-cn¨v kv-täm-¡v sN-¿p-¶-Xv A-\m-h-iy-am-b

43


hntZi hn]-Wn-bn-te¡pw

C´y³ hn-]-Wn-bn-se B-`y-´-c -D-¸m-Z-\-¯n-sâ 30 i-X-am\w kq£v-a, sN-dp-In-S, C-S¯-cw kw-cw-`-§-fp-sS (Fw-F-kv-Fw-C) kw-`m-h-\-bm-Wv. G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X hn-tZ-i-\mWyw t\-Sn-¯-cp-¶ ta-Jebpw C-Xp-X-s¶. cm-Pys¯ hyhkm-b h-fÀ-¨-sb \nÀ-®-bn-¡p¶-Xn {][m-\ ]-¦p-h-ln-¡p¶ Fw-F-kvFw-C cwK-s¯ km-[y-XI-sfbpw s{S³-Up-Isfbpw ]-cn-Nb-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶ ]w-àn.

F-gp e-£w cq-] _m-¦v hm-bv-]-sb-Sp¯pw ssI-bn-ep-Å ]-W-ap-]-tbmKn¨pw H-cp _n-kn\-kv B-cw-`n-¡p-t¼mÄ em-`w F¶ tam-lw am-{X-am-bncp-¶nÃ. k-aq-l-\· F-¶ e£yw Iq-Sn a-\-kn-ep-≠m-bn-cp¶p. C-¶v tI-cf-¯n-se t_-_n ^p-Uv ta-J-e-bn Kp-W-\n-e-hm-c-¯n-sâ ]-cym-b-am-bn amdn-b tk-^v-än ^pUv-kv F-¶ Fw-F-kvFw-C Øm]-\w ITn-\m-[zm-\-¯nsâ I-Y-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv ]-d-bp-¶Xv.

H-cp Ime-¯v Ip-ªp-§-Ä-¡v \h-c, Ip-¶³, t\-{´ Xp-S-§n-b-h D-]-tbm-Kn-¨p-Å t]m-j-I-k-ar-²a-- m-b Ip-

dp-¡p-]m-\o-bw \Â-Ip-am-bn-cp¶p. F-¶m C¶-s¯ Xn-c-¡p-Å Po-hn-X-¯n A-sXÃmw A-\yam-bn-¡gnªp. [m-cm-fw t_-_n-^p-Uvkv hn-]-Wn-bn-ep-s≠¦nepw A-Xn-se tN-cp-h-IÄ F-s´¶-Xv A-ÚmXw. ]-e-t¸mgpw am-bw I-eÀ-¶ t_-_n- ^p-Uvkv Ip-ªp§Ä-¡p \Â-tI-≠ A-h-Ø-bp-≠m-Ip¶p. ap³-Im-e-§fn tI-«p-tIÄ-hn-bnÃm-¯ hn-[-¯n Ip-ªp-§-fn tcm-K-§Ä s]-cp-Ip-¶-Xn-sâ Im-c-Whpw a-säm-¶Ã. CXn \n-s¶m-cp ]-cn-lm-c-w tX-Sn-bp-Å A-t\z-j-Whpw K-th-j-W-hp-amWv t_-_nhn-ä- F-¶ t__n ^p-Un-sâ \nÀ-½m-W-¯n-te-¡v tk-^v-än-^p-Uv-kv ss{] h-äv en-anä-Uv F-¶ Øm-]-\-s¯ F-¯n-¨Xv. k-a-{Kamb ]T-\-§Ä-¡p ti-jw ]-c-¼-cm-K-X co-X-nbn \m-S³ ImÀ-jn-Ihnf-IÄ am{Xw D-]-tbm-Kn¨v t_-_n ^p-Uvkv \nÀ-½n-¨v Kp-Whpw \-·bpw tNmÀ-¶p t]m-Im-sX \-½psS ssI-I-fn F-¯n-¡p-I-bm-Wv t_-_nhn-ä-bn-eq-sS D-S-a A-_q-_¡À. 1994 hf-sc sNdn-b co-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-¶p t_-_n hn-ä-bp-sS \nÀ-am-Xm-¡fm-b tk-^v-än t__n ^p-Unsâ Xp-S¡w. F-¶m a-äv t_-_n ^p-Uvkn Im-Wm-¯ Kp-W-\n-e-hm-cw t_-_n hn-ä-bn-ep-s≠-¶v Xn-cn-¨-dnª-t¸mÄ tI-c-f-w Cu ]pXn-b DÂ-¸¶-s¯ \n-d-a-\tÊmsS kzo-I-cn¨p. C-Xv 2005 ss{]h-äv en-anä-Uv I-¼\n-bm-bn am-dp-¶ \n-e-bn-te-¡v tk-^v-än^p-Uv-kns\ h-fÀ¯n. a-e-¸pd-¯p tIm-«bv¡en B-cw-`n-¨v PnÃbv¡p-Ån am{Xw hn-Xc-Ww sN-bv-Xn-cp¶ t_-_n hn-ä \m-ephÀ-jw sIm-≠v G-gv PnÃ-I-fnepw hf-sc s]-«-s¶p X-s¶ tI-c-f-¯n apgp-h\pw e-`y-am-Im³ Xp-S§n.

44

C-¶v Z-£n-tW-´y³ hn-]-Wn-I-fn-se i-àam-b km-¶n-[y-am-Wv t_-_nhnä. Cu hÀ-jw A-h-km-\-t¯m-sS hn-tZ-i-¯pw km-¶n-[y-ap-d-¸n-¡m-\mWv tk-^v-än^p-Un-sâ {iaw. t]m-j-I-k-ar-²am-b `-£-W-w F-¶ e-£y-¯n-\p th-≠n-bp-Å ]-cn{i-aw hnP-bw Im-Wp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p t_-_n-hn-ä-bn-eqsS. \-· e-£y-am¡n-bp-Å ]-cn-{i-a-§Ä H-cp Fw-FkvFw-C Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ hn-P-b¯n-\p h-gn sX-fn-bn-¨p. \n-ch-[n ] T-\-§Ä¡pw A-t\z-j-W-§Ä¡pw ti-j-am-Wv t_-_nhn-ä-bp-sS P-\\w. \h-c, Ip¶³, t\-{´ Xp-S§n-b \m-S³ ImÀjn-tImÂ-¸-¶-§-fm-Wv t_-_n ^p-Uv \nÀ-½m-W-¯n-\v A_q-_-¡À D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶Xv. G-gp e-£w cq-] _m-¦v hm-bv-]-sb-Sp¯pw I-¿n-ep-Å ]-Ww kz-cp-¡q-«n-bp-am-Wv A-_q-_-¡À _n-kn\-kv B-cw-`n-¨-Xv. A-_q-_¡À Ip-Spw-_-¯n-sâ i-àam-b ]n´p-W A-_q-_-¡-dnsâ {]-b-Xv-\-¯n-\p ]n¶n-ep-≠m-bn-cp¶p. Kp-W-\n-e-hm-cw Dd-¸v h-cp-¯m³ B-bpÀthZ tUm-ÎÀ-am-cp-sS tk-h-\hpw A-_q-_-¡À hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡p¶p. B-IÀ-j-Iam-b \n-dhpw a-Whpw cp-Nn-bpw D-≠mIm³ cm-k-]-ZmÀ-°-§Ä I-eÀ¯n-b t_-_n ^p-UpIÄ hn]-Wn `-cn-¡p-¶ Im-e-L-«-¯n- t_-_n-hn-äsb-¶ {]-Ir-Xn-Z-¯am-b DÂ-¸-¶-hp-am-sb-¯n hn]-Wn Io-g-S¡n-b tk-^v-än t_-_n ^p-Uv-kv en-anä-Uv Fw-F-

kvFw-C ta-J-e-bn-se hy-Xykv-X km-¶n-[y-am-Wv. D-¶-X-Kp-W-\n-ehm-cw ]p-eÀ-¯p-¶ t__n-hn-ä hn-]-Wn- Io-gS-¡n ssP-{X-bm-{X Xp-S-cp-t¼mÄ am-Xm-]n-Xm-¡Ä B-izkn-¡p-¶p. hn-]-Wn-bn-se N-e\-§Ä k-kq-£v-aw \n-co-£n-¡m \pw am-ä-§Ä h-cp-¯p-hm\pw t__n hn-ä-bp-sS \nÀ-½m-Xm-¡fm-b tk-^v-än ^p-Uv-kn-sâ Io-gn dnkÀ-¨v Bâ v U-h-e-]v-saâ v hn-`m-Kw {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p≠v. `-t£ymÂ-¸m-Z\-¯n-se Kp-W-\n-e-hm-chpw D-]-t`màm-¡-tfm-Sp-Å {]-Xn-_-²-X-bp-amWv a-äv t_-_n ^p-Uv \nÀ-½m-Xm-¡-fn \n¶pw t_-_n hnä-sb hy-Xy-kv-X-cm-¡p-¶Xv. AÀl-X-bv¡p-Å Aw-Ko-Im-c-ambn ISO 9001-2001 t\-Sm\pw cm-Pys¯ t_-_n-^p-Uv A-{]q-h t\ Sn-b G-I I-¼-\n-bm-bn am-dm\pw t_-_nhn-äbv-¡p Np-cp§n-b Im-e¯n-\p-Ån I-gnªp. a-e-¸p-dw h-fm-t©-cn-bn tk-^v-än ^p-Uv-knsâ B-[p\n-I ¹mân-sâ \nÀ-½m-Ww ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p-I-bm-Wv. 2000 G-¡-dn ssP-h-Ir-jnbpw ]-cn-K-W-\bn-ep≠v. hÀ-j-§Ä-¡p ap³-]p \-S-¶ H-cp hm-l-\m-]-I-S-¯n he-Xp ssI¸-¯n \-ã-am-sb-¦n-epw A-sXm¶pw A-t±l-¯n-sâ _n-kn-\-Ên-s\ _m-[n-¨n-«nÃ. ho-gv-N-I-fn X-f-cm-sX Iq-Sp-X DuÀ-Ö-t¯m-sS A-_q-_-¡À D-bc-§-fn-te-¡p Ip-Xn-¡p-I-bmWv. H-¸w t_-_n hn-ä-bpw.


Kp-© Untbm

\-ho-\am-b cq-]-IÂ-¸-\IÄ, {]-tbm-K§Ä, DÂ-¸¶§Ä, k-©m-c]m-X-IÄ F-¶n-h-bn-eq-sS am-{X-ta Hcp

kw-cw-`-¯n-\v \n-e-\nÂ-¡m³ km-[n-¡q. C-h-tbm-tcm ¶pw \q-X-\-am-bm hn-P-b-]-Y-¯n-se-¯m³ F-fp-¸amWv. \q-X-\-am-bn Nn-´n-¡p-¶Xpw {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-Xpw ITn-\amWv. A-Xn-\v hy-àam-b ]²-Xn X-¿m-dm-¡ epw \-S-¸n-em-¡epw B-h-iy-amWv. \q-X-\-sa-¶v ]-d-ªm  F-´p-am-Imw, ]p-Xp-a-bpÅ DÂ-¸¶w, ]p-Xp-a-bpÅ {]-hÀ-¯-\{Iaw, ]p-Xp-a-bp-Å cq-]-I¸-\, A-Xp-a-sæn e-£y-¯n-se-¯m-\p-Å ]p-Xp-a-bp-Å kw-cw-`-I-]mX-IÄ. \q-X-\m-i-b§Ä {]-tbm-K-X-e-¯n-se-¯n-¡m³ hen-b I-¼-\n-IÄ-¡v _p-²n-ap-«pIÄ D-≠m-Im-dnÃ. F-¶m sN-dp-kw-cw-`-IÀ-¡v C-Xv F-fp-¸aÃ.

F´psIm-≠v F-kvFw-CIÄ ]n-¶n-te-¡v t]m-Ip-¶p? ^-≠n-sâ A-]-cym-]vX-X: hen-b I-¼-\n-I-fp-am-bn Xm-c-X-ay-s¸-Sp-¯p-t¼mÄ F-kvFw-C Øm-]-\-§Ä-¡v B-kq-{X-W-¯n\pw ]T-\ -¯n-\pw ]-co-£-W-§Ä¡pw B-h-iyam-b ^≠pw a-\pjy-ti-jnbpw CÃm-¯-X-m-Wv {][m-\ {]-iv-\-sa-¶p ]-d -bp-¶p, UÂ-ln B-Øm-\-am-bp-Å am-t\-Pv-saâ v I¬kÄ-«nw-Kv Øm-]-\w Zn C-¶-th-j³ {Kq-¸n-sâ kn-C-H tU-hn-Uv hn-ä³-_À-Kv. ^-≠v ti-J-cn-¡m-\p-Å {]-bm-kamWv {]m-cw-`-Im-e-L-«-¯n \q-X-\kw-cw-`-§Ä- t\-cnSp-¶ shÃp-hn-fn-sb-¶v {]ap-J kw-cw-`-I\pw F-\mÂ-sSIv kn-C-Hbpam-b B\-µv jm A-`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp¶p. ]-cm-P-b-`oXn: bp-h-kw-cw-`-IÀ t]mepw ]p-Xp-a-IÄ tXSn-t]m-Im-¯-

Xn-\v ]n-¶n \nch-[n Im-c-W-§fp≠v. hn-ä³-_À-Kn-sâ A-`n-{]mb-¯n `m-c-Xw ]-cm-P-b-s¯ \ntj-[-m-ß-I-am-bmWv t\m-¡n-¡m-Wp¶Xv. AXp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ kw-cw-`IÀ km-l-kn-I-am-b kw-cw-`-§-fn \n¶pw ]n-´n-cn-bp-Ibpw Iq-Sp-X kp-c-£nXam-b ta-J-e-I-fn apt¶m«p-t]m-Im³ B-{K-ln-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶p. ]-co-£-W-kw-cw-`-§-fn ap-XÂ-ap-S-¡m³ \n-t£-]-IÀ X-¿mdm-Im-¯Xpw sN-dp-In-S-kw-cw-`-I-sc ]n-´n-cn-¸n-¡p¶p. "C-´y³ F-kvFw-CIÄ A-h-cp-sS h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS ]mX-I-fn H-«-\h-[n {]-Xn-_-Ô§-sf Xc-Ww sN-t¿-≠Xm-bp≠v. F-¶m H-cp k-aÀ-¸n-X -kw-cw-`-I-\v \-ho-\ am-b h-gn-I-fn-eq-sS A-h-cp-sS km-¼¯n-I ]-cn-an-Xn-IÄ DÄ-s¸-sS-bp-Å {]-iv-\-§Ä hf-sc kv-{Sm-ä-Pn-¡-em-bn ]-cn-l-cn-¡m³ km-[n-¡pw." s^-U-tdj³ Hm-^v C-´y³ Fw-F-kvFw-C sk-{I«-dn P-\-d A-\n `-c-Zzm-Pv ]-d-bp-¶p. Ip-Xn-¡p-¶ F-kvFw-C taJe C-´y³ km-¼-¯n-I-cwK-¯v F-kvFw-C ta-Je-bv-¡v hf-sc {]-[m-\-s¸-« Øm-\-ap≠v. km-¼¯n-I h-fÀ-¨bn H«pw A-h-K-Wn-¡m³ I-gn-bm-¯ ta-J-e-bm-WnXv. cm-Py-¯n-sâ B-`y-´-c DÂ-¸m-Z-\-¯n-sâ 40 i-X-am-\ hpw I-b-äp-a-Xn-bp-sS 40 i-X-am-\-hpw 42 an-Ãy¬ sXm-gnem-fn-Ifpw {]-Xn-hÀ-jw kr-ãn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ H-cp an-Ãy¬ sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§fpw Cu ta-J-e-bp-sS kw-`m-h-\-bmWv. C-´y-bnepw hn-tZ-i-¯p-ambn Kp-W-ta-·bp-Å 8000 D¸-¶-§-fm-Wv Cu cw-K-¯v kr-ãn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv.

\n-co-£n-¡p-I, I-s≠¯p-I, ip-²o-I-cn¡p-I hn-ä³-_À-Kn-sâ A-`n-{]mb-¯n F-kv-Fw-C taJ-e-bn \n-b-{´n-Xam-b h-cp-am-\-]-cn-[n-¡p-Ån \n-¶v sIm-≠v \q-X-\-mib§-fn-eq-sS em-`-ap-≠m-¡mw. B \-S-]-Sn-{I-a-¯n-\v aq-¶v L-«-§-fp≠v. \n-co-£n-¡p-I, I-s≠-¯p-I, ip-²o-Icn¡p-I. B-Zy-L-«-¯n H-cp kw-cw-`-I³ e-`yam-b k-t¦-X§Ä, e£yw shbv-¡p-¶ D-]-t`m-àm¡Ä Xp-S§n-b Im-cy-§-Ä \n-co£n-¡Ww. N-«-¡q-Sp-IÄ-¡pÅn-ep-Å B-i-b§-sf DÄ¡m-gv-N-tbm-sS ]p-d-t¯-¡v sIm-≠p-h-cWw. A-§-s\bp-≠m-Ip-¶ B-i-b-§-fn G-ähpw an-I-¨-Xn-s\ sX-scsª-Sp-¡p-Ibpw F-{Xbpw s]-s«-¶v X-s¶ A-Xv \-S-¸n-em-¡p-Ibpw thWw. A-dn-hv ]-cn-jv-I-cn¡p-I hn-]-Wn-bn-ep-≠m-Ip¶ am-ä§-sf¸-än-bpw s{S³-UpIsf¸-änbpw D-]-t`m-àm¡-sf¸än-bpap-Å A-dn-hv FkvFw-C cwK-¯v A-Xy-´m-t]-£n-X-amWv. C-¶-th-j³ -F-¶m ]pXn-b sSIv-t\m-f-Pn-I-fpw, H-cp-]m-Sv ]-Ww sN-e-hm-¡p-¶Xpw am-{X-am-sW-¶ an-Yym-[m-c-W H-cp-]mSv F-kvFw-CIÄ-¡p≠v. tImÀ-¸-td-äpI-sf A-t]-£n¨v F-kvFw-CIÄ-¡v H-«-\h-[n Kp-W-§-fp≠v. sNdn-b h-ep¸w, D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-am-bn t\-cn-«p-Å _Ôw, th-K¯n \-S-¸n-em-¡m-\p-Å I-gn-hv Xp-S-§n-b-h F-kvFw-C bp-sS am{Xw {]-tXy-I-X-I-fmWv. cm-Py-¯n-sâ Pn-Un-]n bp-sS 17\pw 19\pw C-S-bv-¡m-Wv Fw-F-kvFw-C bp-sS kw-`mh-\. C-Xv 2020 22 i-X-am-\-am-Ip-sa-¶v {]-Xo-£n¡p¶p. Cu cwK-¯v H-t«-sd sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä kr-ãn¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw tZ-in-b-h-fÀ-¨-bn \nÀ-®m-b-I kzm-[o\w D-d-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿pw. C³-t^m-kn-kv, hn-t{]m, `mc-Xn sSen-tImw Xp-S§n-b Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS h-fÀ-¨-bneq-sS \mw ZÀ-in-¨Xv Cu cw-K-¯n-sâ i-àn-bmWv.

FÃm hy-h-km-b-§Ä-¡pw k-lm-bw tI -c-f-¯n-se F-kvFw-Cþ Fw-F-kv-Fw-C ta-J-ebp-sS {]m-[m-\yw Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªv kw-cw-`-IÀ-¡v ]-c-amh-[n

k-lm-b-hp-am-bn Im\-dm _m¦pw cw-K-¯p-≠v. kw-cw`-IÀ-¡v ]-cn-io-e-\ ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw td-änMpw A-hmÀ-Uv kv-Ioapw A-S-¡-ap-Å D-d-¨ ]n-´p-W-bp-am-bn kw-cw-`-IÀs¡m-¸w X-s¶-bm-Wv Im\-dm _m¦v. Im\-dm _m-¦n-sâ F-kv-Fw-Cþ Fw-F-kvFw-C cw-K-s¯ tk-h-\§-sf¸-än Akn. P-\-d am-t\-PÀ Fw k-c-fmtZ-ho F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbm-Sv kw-km-cn-¡p¶p. kw-cw-`-§Ä-¡pÅ k-lm-bw... \nÀ-½m-Wþtkh-\þdo-s«-bv cw-K-s¯ FÃmhn[ kw-cw-`-§Ä¡pw _m-¦n-sâ Fw-F-kvFwC cwK-s¯ tkh-\w e-`y-am-Wv. A-t]-£I-cp-sS h-cp-am-\w I-W¡m-¡n-bà Fw-F-kvFwC tem¬ A-\p-h-Zn-¡p-¶Xv. Øm-]-\-¯n A-h-cp-sS kz-Im-cy-\n-t£]w, Øm]-\-¯n-sâ h-cp-am-\w F-¶n-h-bm-Wv {][m-\ am-\-ZÞ§Ä. Fw-F-kvFw-C cwK-s¯ tk-h-\-§Ä-¡v ]-cn-[n-bnÃ. an-\naw tem-tWm ]-c-amh-[n temtWm CÃ. B-h-iy-§Ä-¡-\p-k-cn-¨v DÂ-¸m-Z-\-¯n-sâ sN-ehpw {]-hÀ-¯-\aq-e-[-\hpw I-W-¡m-¡n- \n-b-am-\p-kr-X-ambmWv tem¬ A-\p-h-Zn-¡p-¶Xv. tem-Wn-sâ Xn-cn-¨-S-hv... tSw tem-Wp-IÄ km-[m-c-W-\n-e-bn 84 am-k-§Ä¡p-Ånepw hen-b ]-²-Xn-I-Ä 120 am-k-§Ä-¡p-Ånep-am-Wv Xn-cn-¨-S-bvt¡-≠Xv. {]-hÀ-¯-\-aq-e-[-\-¯n\m-bpÅ tem-Wp-I-fp-sS ]-c-amh-[n Im-emh-[n aq-¶v

46

hÀ-j-am-Wv. tem-Wn-\v A-t]-£n-¡m-\pÅ tbm-Ky-X-IÄ A-t]-£-I³ 18 hb-Êv Xn-I-ª C-´y³ ]u-c³ B-bn-cn-¡Ww. hy-àn D-S-a-Ø-Xbntem ]mÀ-Sv-WÀ-jn¸ntem D-Å I-¼-\n-IÄ A-h-cp-sS {Sm-¡v sd-t¡mtUm tbmKy-X sX-fn-bn-¡p-¶ sX-fn-hp-Itfm lm-P-cm-¡Ww. A-t]-£-I³ a-äv _m-¦p-I-fn \n-¶pw F-Sp-¯ hm-bv-]-I-fn apS-¡w h-cp-¯-cpXv. A§-s\ D-≠mbn-«p-s≠-¦n A-t]-£I-s\ A-tbm-Ky\m-¡m³ _m-¦n-\v A-h-Im-i-ap-≠v. A-t]-£-I³ {]m-cw-` \-S-]-Sn-Ifm-b c-Pn-kv-t{Sj³, sse-k³-kv/ kÀ-«n-^n-t¡-j³ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä ]qÀ-¯o-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡Ww. k-ao-]-Ime-s¯ _m-¦n-S-]m-Sp-IÄ ]-cn-tim-[n-¨ tij-ta A-t]-£-I-\p-am-bp-Å C-S-]m-Sp-IÄ-¡v _m¦v X-bm-dm-Ip-I-bpÅq. sIm-fm-{S sk-Iyqcn-än B-h-iy-anÃm¯ tem-Wp-IÄ \Â-Ip-¶pt≠m? F-{X cq-] h-sc? CGTMSE¡v Io-gn 10 e-£w cq-] h-sc-bp-Å hm-bv]-IÄ-¡v sIm-fm-{S sk-Iyqcn-än B-h-iy-anÃ. 10 e-£¯n-\v ap-I-fn H-cp tIm-Sn h-sc-bp-Å sIm-fm-{S skIyq-cn-än B-h-iy-anÃm¯ Fw-F-kvFwC tem-Wp-IÄ Xr-]vXnIcam-b {Sm-¡v sd-t¡mUp-Å Øm-]-\-§Ä-¡v e-`y-am-Ipw. A-t]-£-I-\n \n¶pw Cu-Sm-bn kzo-I-cn-¡p¶-Xv F-s´m-s¡ ? hm-bv-]-bv¡v X-¯p-eyamb _m-¦v tem-Wn-sâ k-lm-b-t¯m-sS AÃm-sX-bp-Å sa-jn-\p-Ifpw a-äv D-]-I-c-W-§fpw Øm-]-\-¯n-se a-äv km-[-\-km-a-{Kn-IÄ

\mSn-sâ km-¼-¯n-I-h-fÀ-¨-bn sNdpIn-S C-S¯cw kw-cw-`-§Ä¡p-Å ]-¦v _m-¦p-Ifpw Xn-cn-¨-dnªp-I-gn-ªp. Ahsc t{]m-Õmln-¸n-¡m³ \n-ch-[n ]-²-Xn-Ifp-am-bn _m-¦p-IÄ k-Po-h-amIp-I-bmWv. C-Xn-\m-bn {][m-\ im-J-I-fn F-kv-Fw-CþFw-FkvFw-C {_m-©p-Ifpw {]-hÀ-¯n¡p-¶p≠v-. hnhn-[ Øm-]-\-§Ä \Â-Ip¶ F-kv-Fw-CþFw-F-kvFw-C hm-bv-]-I-sf-¡p-dn¨v Cu ]w-àn-bn-eq-sS A-dn-bmw.

A-N-eamb km-[\-km-a{KnIÄ (sI-«nSw, Ø-ew ap-X-embh) kzÀ®w, NIC&LIC t]m-fnkn, _m-¦v sU-t¸mkn-äpIÄ F¶n-h Cu-Sp-I-fm-bn kzo-I-cn-¡p-¶-XmWv. a-sä-s´Ãmw kv-Io-ap-I-fm-Wv Fw-F-kv-Fw-Cþ F-kvFw-C ta-J-e-I-fn DÅ-Xv ? F-³{S-{]-WÀ-jn-¸v U-h-e-¸v-saân-\m-bp-Å ]-cn-ioe-\ ]-cn-]m-Sn-IÄ ISO Aw-Ko-Im-cw t\-Sp-¶-Xn-\v th-≠n-bp-Å km¼¯n-I k-lm-b-§Ä an-I-¨ MSME kw-cw-`-IÀ-¡p-Å A-hmÀ-Uv kvIow FwF-kv-Fw-C ]mÀ-«n-IÄ-¡v Ip-d-ª sN-e-hn Ah-cp-sS Øm-]\-s¯ CARE, ICRA ap-Xem-b td-änw-Kv G-P³-kn h-gn td-äv sN-¿m-\p-Å A-h-k-cw. Iq-Sp-X hn-h-c-§Ä-¡m-bn _-Ô-s¸-tS-≠ hn-emkw F-kvFw-C kp-e-`v, Im\-dm _m-¦v, tj-Wm-bn tN-t¼-gv-kv, j¬-ap-Jw tdmUv, F-d-Wm-Ipfw. t^m¬ 0484þ 2366 323, ^m-Iv-kv 0484þ 2382 001 www.canarabank.com


{]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am¡n-b ]-²-Xn-I-Ä

_nKv tÌmdn

Sea plane

]mgm-bn-t¸mb c¦p sI lcn-Zmkv

tIc-f-¯n-sâ hn-I-k-\-¯n-\p-Å A-hkm-\ _-kv....F-aÀ-Pn-wKv tI-c-f \nt£-]- kwK-aw tI-c-f-¯n- A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp-t¼m-gp-Å hn-e-bn-cp-¯-embn-cp-¶p C-Xv. 2012 sk-]v-Xw-_À 12 ap-X 14 h-sc-bp-Å Zn-h-k-§-fn Cu \n-t£-] kw-K-a-¯n-\v A-c-s§m-cp-¡p-t¼mÄ {]-Xo-£-IÄ hm-t\m-f-am-bn-cp¶p. _n-kn\-kv NÀ-¨-I-fn-eqsS 40000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS \n-t£-]w, \n-ch-[n sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä... tI-cf-s¯ \n-t£-]- kulr-Z kw-Øm-\-am-¡p-sa-¶ e-£y-t¯m-sS A-h-X-cn-¸n-¨ F-aÀ-Pn-wKv tIc-f H-cp hÀ-jw ]n-¶n-Sp-¶p. F-¶m 45 ]-²Xn-I-fn-em-bn 40,000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS \n-t£-]-w {]-Jym-]n-s¨-¦nepw- bm-YmÀ-°y-amb-Xv c-≠p ]-²-Xn-IÄ am-{Xw. 37 ]-²-XnIfpw A-´n-a-cq-]-tc-J-bm-sb-¶ kÀ-¡mÀ A-h-Im-i-hm-Zw sX-fn-hp-I-sfm-¶panÃm-sX ti-jn-¡p-¶p. H-cp hen-b P-\-k-aq-l-¯n-sâ hn-I-k-\-kz-]v-\-§fp-sS {]-Xo-I-am-bn {]-Jym-]n¨ F-aÀ-Pn-wKv tI-c-f \n-t£] kw-K-a-¯n A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸-« ]-²-Xn-IÄ-¡v F-´p- kw-`-hn-¨p-sh-¶p A-t\z-jn-¡p¶p _n-Kv tÌm-dn-bn-eq-sS...

F-aÀ-Pn-wKv tIc-f þ ]-²-Xn-bn-te-¡v

hn-s«m-gn-bm-sX hn-hm-Z-§Ä...

tI-c-f-s¯ \nt£-] kulr-Z kw-Øm-\-am-¡pI. A-Xn-eq-sS hy-mh-km-bn-I-ambpw km-¼-¯n-I-ambpw h-f-cp-¶ tI-cf tam-U A-h-X-cn-¸n¡p-I F-¶-Xm-bncp-¶p F-aÀ-Pn-wKv tI-c-f ]-²-Xn-bp-sS e-£y-w. F-d-WmIp-fw se -sa-dn-Un-b³ tlm-«en- \-S¶ kw-K-a-¯n 52 cm-Py-§-fnse 2500 {]Xn\n-[n-IÄ ]-s¦-Sp-¯p. {] apJ hm-WnPyþhym-]mcþsFSn kwL-S-\-I-fp-sS ]-¦m-fn¯w Xp-S-§n-b Im-cy-§-fm ]²-Xn tem-I{i-²bpw t\-Sn-. kÀ¡mcnsâ t\XrXz¯n hyhkmb hmWnPy kwLS\IfpsS klIcWt¯msSbm-Wv F-aÀ-Pnw-Kv tIcf \-S-¯-s¸-«Xv. tIm¬s^Utdj³ Hm^v C´y³ C³Ukv{Sn (knsFsF), \mjW Atkmkntbj³ Hm^v tkm^väv-shbÀ B³Uv kÀhokkv I¼\okv (\mkv-tImw) F¶nh tafbpsS apJy ]¦mfnI-fm-bn-. B-Zy-L-«-¯n 232 ]-²-Xn-I-fm-bn-cp¶p. kv-{Io-\nwKn-\p ti-jw 194 ]-²-Xn-I-fm-bn Np-cp§n. A-hkm-\-L-«-¯n 45 ]-²-Xn-I-fm-Wv bm-Ym-À-°y-amIp-sa-¶p {]-Jym-]n-¨-Xv. hngn-ªw A-´m-cm{ã Is≠bv-\À {Sm³jn¸v-saâ v sSÀan\Â, sslkv]oUv sdbv tImdntUmÀ, Kymkv C³{^mkv{SIvNÀ, sIm-¨nþtImb¼¯qÀ hy-mh-kmbn-I C-S-\mgn, Cet{ÎmWnIvkv lºv, sse^v kb³kv ]mÀ¡v, ap³kn¸Â thÌv amt\Pv-saâ v, DuÀtÖm¸mZ\ ]²XnIÄ, tamtWm sdbv Xp-S-§n-b- sa-Km ]-²-Xn-Ifpw DÄ-s¸-«n-cp-¶p. ]-²X-nIÄ-¡v ^m-Ìv {Sm-¡v ¢n-b-d³-kv kw-hn-[m\w, G-I-Pm-e-I kw-hn-[m\w, \n-t£-]-IÀ-¡v kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ FÃmhn-[ ]n-´p-W-, Xo-cp-am-\-am-Ip-¶ ]-²-Xn-IÄ-¡v C³-kâo-hv F-¶n-h {]-Jym-]n-¨p sIm-≠p \n-t£-]-I A-\p-Iq-e Xo-cp-am-\-§-fp-ap-≠mbn. FÃm-¯-c-¯nepw ip-`-{]-Xo-£-IÄ \Â-In-bn-cp-¶p G-aÀ-Pn-w-Kv tI-c-f ]-²Xn. F-¶mÂ.....

]-Xn-hpt]m-se {]m-cw-`-L-«-¯n X-s¶ hn-hm-Z-§-Ä A-I-¼-Sn- tk-hn-¨n-cp¶p. ]-²Xn-IÄ-s¡Ãmw l-cn-X-apJw th-W-sa-¶ B-h-iy-hp-am-bn l-cn-X-hm-Zn Fw-FÂ-FamÀ cw-K-s¯¯n. \n-ch-[n ]-cn-Øn-Xnhm-Zn-Ifpw A-\pIq-e-aÃm-¯ \n-e-]m-Sp-IÄ kzo-I-cn-¨p. am[-hv Km-Uv-Kn I-½n-än-bp-sS Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä-¡v Xp-c-¦w sh-bv-¡p-hm-\pÅ {i-a-am-bpw hn-h-£n-¡-s¸-«p. Xn-cp-h-\´-]p-c-s¯ N-{µ-ti-J-c³ \m-bÀ tÌ-Un-bw, Xn-cqÀ Zzo-]n-epw ]m -W¡m-Sv Ip-Sw-_-¯n-sâ `q-anbnepw \-S-¯m-\n-cp-¶ ]-²-Xn-I-Ä, hm-Ka¬, s\Ãn-bm¼-Xn ]-²-Xn-IÄ XpS-§n-b-h-bpw hn-hm-Z¨p-gn-bn ap-§n-¯m-gv¶p. 76 i-Xam\w kz-Im-cy ]-¦m-fn-¯-t¯m-sS-bp-Å C³-sI-en-sâ ]-²-Xn-I-fp-sS D-tZy-iyip-²n-bpw tNm-Zy-w sN-¿-s¸«p. CXn-sâ ]Ým-¯-e-¯n 30te-sd ]-²-Xn-IÄ H-ä-b-Sn-¡v H-gn-hm-¡n. ]-cn-Øn-Xn ku-lmÀ-± ]-²-Xn-I-fm-Wv \-S-¸nem-¡p-hm³ D-t±in-¡-p-¶-sX-¶v ap-Jy-a{´n hy-à-am¡n. ]-t£ A-t¸mgpw A-hy-à-X-Ifpw B-t£-] -§fpw Xp-S-cp-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. P-\-hn-izm-khpw A-`n-{]m-b k-a-\z-bhpw t\-Sn-sb-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn kÀ-¡mÀ ]-cm-Pb-s¸-Sp-¶ Im-gv-N-bm-bn-cp-¶p ]n-¶o-Sp-Å Zn-h-k-§fn I-≠-Xv. ]-²-Xn-bp-sS temtKm t]mepw tam-jW-am-sW-¶pw, A-Xn-\p sN-e-hm¡n-b Xp-I apX FÃm-Im-cy-§-fnepw A-gn-a-Xn-bp-s≠-¶pw {]-Xn]-£w B-tcm]-n-¨p. ]-²-Xn-IÄ¡v F{X `qan thWw F¶ Imcy¯n am{Xta \njvIÀjbp≠mbpÅq. F{X t] À¡v sXmgn e`n¡pw F-¶Xn-\v hy-à-X-bnà F-¶Xm-bn-cp-¶p {]-Xn-]-£ t\-Xm-hn-sâ A-`n-{]m-bw. ]n-¶oSv ]-²-Xn-bn \n-¶p {]-Xn]-£w hn-«p-\n¶p.

Xn-\m-bn F-s´Ãmw \-S-]-Sn-IÄ kzo-I-cn-¨p-sht¶m hyà-a-m-¡m³ kÀ-¡m-cn-\p t]mepw I-gn-bp-¶nÃ. im-kv-{X km-t¦Xn-I cw-K¯v DuÀ-Öz-kz-ecm-b bp-h-Xz-s¯ hmÀ-s¯-Sp-¡p-hm³ D-X-Ip-sa-¶p I-cp-Xp-¶ In-Uv-kv em-_n-epw, Sq-dn-kw cw-K-s¯ {]-Xo-£bm-b P-e-hn-am\-¯n-epw am{Xw H-Xp-§p-¶p \n-t£-]- kw-K-a-¯n-sâ hn-P-bw. 40,000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS \n-t£-]-¯n 20,000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS \n-t£-] hm-Kv-Zm-\hpw h¶-Xv sIm¨n³ dn-ss^-\-dn-bp-sS hn-I-k-\-¯n-\m-bn-cp¶p. C-hnsS s]-t{Sm-sI-an-¡Â ]mÀ-¡n-sâ \nÀ-am-W-¯n-\p-Å kvv-Y-e-sa-Sp-¸p tPm-en-Ifpw ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p-¶-tX-bp-Åq. \n-t£-]- kw-K-a¯n-\ptijw tI-c-f-¯n-\v A-\p-tbmPyam-b ]-²-Xn-IÄ¡v 30 Zn-h-k-¯n-\p-Ån A-\pa-Xn \Â-Ip-sa-¶m-bn-cp¶p ap-Jy-a-{´n-bpsS {]-Jym-]\w. _m¡n-bp-Å-h ]cn-tim-[-\-IÄ-¡v ti-jw 90 Zn-h-k¯n-\p-f-fn \-S-]-Sn kzo-I-cn-¡p-sa-¶p-Å-Xm-bn-cp-¶p a-sämcp Xo-cp-am\w. C-Xn-\m-bn No-^v sk-{I«-dn A-[y£-\m-bn C³-sh-Ìv {]-tam-j-W t_mÀUpw kÀ-¡mÀ cq-]-h-¡-cn-¨p. F-¶m \-S-]-Sn-IÄ H-¶pambn-sÃ-¶p am-{Xw. hy-hk-mb ta-J-e-bn 30 ]-²-Xn-I-fpw hn-t\m-Z k©m-c ta-J-e-bn 7 ]-²-Xn-I-fp-aS¡w 37 ]-²-Xn-Ifp-sS A-´n-a-cq-]-tc-J-bm-sb-¶p am-{X-am-Wv A-dn-bphm³ I-gn-bp-¶Xv. C-XmI-s« I-gn-ª ta-bv am-k-¯n {]-kvXmhn-¨-Xp-am-Wv. sa-Km ]-²-Xn-I-fp-sS Im-cyhpw A-\n-Ýn-X-Xz-¯n X-s¶. Np-c-p¡-¯nÂ, H-cp hÀ-jw ]n-¶n-Sp-t¼mgpw {]-Xo-£-IÄ kr-ãn-¡p-hm-\Ãm-sX tIc-f-¯n-sâ km-¼¯n-I km-aqln-I a-®n N-e-\-§Ä kr-ãn-¡m-\m-ImsX A-h-ti-jn-¡p-I-bm-Wv F-aÀ-Pnw-Kv tI-c-f- \n-t£-]- kw-Kaw.

{]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am¡n-b ]-²-Xn-I-Ä

F´p-sIm-≠v ]-cm-P-b-s¸-«p

48

\n-t£-]- kwK-aw \-S-¶n-«v H-cp hÀ-jw ]n-¶n-Sp¶p. ]-²-Xn-IÄ {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶Xn ]p-tcmK-Xn t\ Sm-t\m, G-sXÃmw ]-²-Xn-IÄ B-cw-`n-¡p-sa-t¶m, A-

B-kq-{X-W-¯n-sâ-bpw s{]m-^-jWÂ k-ao-]\-¯nsâbpw ZoÀ-L-ho-£-W-¯n-sâ-bpw Ip-d-hm-Wv {]-[m-\s¸-« Im-c-W-§-fm-bn hn-e-bn-cp-¯-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. hn-I-k-


FaÀ-Pnw-Kv tI-c-f h-cp-¯n-b- am-äw h-epXv

F aÀ-Pnw-Kv tI-c-f kwØm-\-¯n-sâ \n-t£-]-

BASF Kids' Lab

A-´-co-£-¯n h-cp-¯n-b am-äw hf-sc h-ep-Xm-Wv. C-Xn-\p-ti-jw P-\-§-fp-sS Nn-´m-K-Xn-bn D-≠m-b amä-am-Wv {]-[m\w. \n-t£-] ]n sI A-h-k-c-§-tfm, ap-XÂap-SIpªm-en¡v kw-_-Ôn-¨ A-h-Im-i¡p«n, hmZ-§-tfm, ap³-hn-[n-Itfm hyh-km-bCÃm-sX-bm-Wv kÀ-¡mÀ Fh-Ip¸v a{´n aÀ-Pnw-Kv tI-cf-sb k-ao-]n¨-Xv. F-¶n«pw henb tXmXn-eq-Å \-n-t£-] km-[y-X-I-fm-Wv \-ap-¡n-Xneq-sS D-≠m-bXv. F-aÀ-Pnw-Kv tI-c-f kw-K-a¯n\p sXm-«p]n-¶mse Hmtcm h-Ip-¸n-\p Io-gnepw h-¶ ]-²-Xn\nÀ-t±-i-§Ä Xp-SÀ \-S-]-Sn-IÄ¡m-bn AX-Xv h-Ip-¸p-IÄ-¡v A-b¨p-sIm-Sp¯p-. Nn-e h-Ip-¸p-IÄ ]-²-Xn-IÄ bm-YmÀ°y-am-¡p-¶ \-S-]-Sn-I-fp-am-bn hf-sc th-Kw ap-t¶m-«p t]m-Ip-I-bmWv. \n-ch-[n ]-²-Xn-IÄ C-Xn-\-Iw bm-YmÀ-°y-am-bn-¡-gn-ªp.

¡p-¶ A-t]-£-I-fp-sS F-®-¯n-se hy-Xymkw am{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-¨m ]-²-Xn-bp-sS hn-P-bw t_m-[y-am-Ipw. 2012 sk-]v-äw_À 12 \p ap-¼p-Å H-cp amk-s¯ i-cmi-cn A-t]£-I-fp-sS C-c-«n-bn-e-[n-Iw A-t]-£I-fm-Wv A-Xn-\p ti-j-ap-Å am-k-§-fn C-hn-sS e-`n¡p-¶-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv F-aÀ-Pnw-Kv tI-c-f H-cp am-ä-¯n-sâ Xp-S-¡-am-sW-¶v ]-d-bp-¶-Xv. ]²-Xn hnP-bw DÄ-s¡m≠p-sIm-≠mWv Cu sk-]v-Xw-_À 12 kw-cw-`-I-XzZn-\-am-bn BN-cn-¡m³ \n-Ý-bn-¨-Xm-bn _-lp-am-\-s¸-« ap-Jy-a{´n {]-Jym-]n-¡p-hm-³ Im-cWw. kwØm\-s¯ bp-h-P-\-§-fn-em-Wv kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ {]-Xo-£. A-h-cp-sS Nn-´-IÄ-s¡m-¸w ap-t¶dm³ I-gn-ªp F-¶p-Å-Xm-Wv kw-K-a-¯n-sâ {]-tXyI-X. tIh-ew `q-an-¡-¨h-Sw F-¶p ]-dªp ]-²-Xn-sb A-h-tl-fn-¡p¶-Xv BÀ¡pw `q-j-W-aÃ. kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ hy-h-kmbnI t]mfn-kn X-s¶ Iq-Sp-X ap-XÂap-S-¡p-Å, h³ tXm-Xn sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä kr-ãn-¡p-¶ B-[p\n-I hy-h-km-bnI ]-²-Xn-IÄ am{Xw A\p-h-Zn-¡pI F-¶p-Å-XmWv.

{]-hÀ-¯-\-anÃm-¯ hm-bv-¯m-cnbm-b ]²-Xn

hÀ-j-§Ä-¡p ap³-]v {io Ip-ªm-en-¡p-«n sIm-

\-¯n-sâ Du-¶Â \m-Sn-sâbpw P-\-§-fp-sSbpw t£-a-am-sW-¶v t_m-[n-¸n-¡p-hm³ km-[n-¨m hn-hm-Z-§-Ä H-gn-hm-¡m-am-bn-cp¶p. F-¶m Cu Im-cy-w kz-´w ]mÀ-«n-bn-sebpw ap-¶-Wn-bn-se-bpw P\-{]-Xn-\n-[nI-fn F-¯n-¡m³ t]mepw km-[n-¡m¯ B-Zy-L-«w X-s¶-bm-Wv ]-cm-P-b-¯n-sâ {]mw-cw-`-Im-c-W-w. F-aÀ-Pn-wKv tI-c-f F-´m-sW-¶v a-\-kn-em-¡m³ X-\n-¡p km-[n-¨n«nà F-¶v H-cp-L-«¯n sI ap-c-fo-[-c³ Fw-FÂ-F hn-e-]n-¡p-hm-\p-≠m-b km-lN-cyhpw C-Xn-\v D-Zm-l-c-W-amWv. hn-hm-Z]-²-Xn-IÄ ]n³-h-en-¨p sIm-≠p ap-Jy-a{´n \-S¯n-b C-S-s]-S-ep-IÄ {]-iwk-\o-b-amsW-¦n-epw Xp-SÀ¶v X-¡Xm-b ]cn-tim-[\ -- -IÄ \-S-¯m-sX-bm-Wv ]-²-Xn-Ifp-sS hn-h-c§Ä shºv-ssk-än-en-«Xv. F-{X em-L-h-t¯msS-bm-Wv C¯-cw hen-b ]-²-Xn-IÄ \-S-¸n-em-¡m³ {i-an-¨Xv F-¶-Xn-sâ D-Zm-l-c-W-am-Wn-Xv. s{]m-^-jW k-ao-]-\¯n-sâ A-`m-h-am-Wv C-Xn-eqsS A-\m-hr-X-am-¡p-¶-Xv. ]-²-Xn-bp-sS Ic-Sp-tc-J-IÄ X-¿m-dm-¡n-b-Xpt]m-epw _-Ôs¸-« D-tZymKØ-tcm-Sp B-tem-Nn-¡m-sX-bm-Wv F-¶ B-t£]-hpw i-à-am-bn-cp¶p. D-tZym-KØX-e-¯n-se G-Io-I-c-Whpw s{]m-^-jW k-ao-]-\hpw D-d-¸m-¡m³ km-[n-¡m-¯ c-≠mw -L-«-am-bn-cp-¶p a-säm-cp {]-iv\w. C¯-cw hn-j-b-§-sfÃmw D-bÀ¯n-¡m-Wn-¨m-bn-cp-¶p `q-an-¡-¨-h-S-am-sW-¶ hm-Zw {]-Xn]-£w i-à-am-¡n-b-Xv. Cu hm-Z-¯n-sâ ap-\-sbm-Sn-¡p-hm³ kÀ-¡m-cn\p km-[n-¨-Xp-anÃ. kw-K-aw k-am-]n-¨-Xn-\p ti-jw ap-Jy-a-{´n \-S¯n-b ]-{Xk-t½-f-\-¯n t^m-Iv-kv hm-K¬ I¼-\n 2000 tIm-Sn cq-] \n-t£-]n-¨m-bn-cn¡pw tI-c-f-¯n-se B-Zy \n-t£-]w bm-YmÀ-°y-am-Ip-I-sb-¶v Dd-¸p \Â-In-. F-¶m A-§s\-sbm-cp Im-cyw Xo-cp-am-\n-¨n-«n-söv I¼-\n AÀ-°-i-¦-bv-¡n-S-bnÃm-¯h®w A-Sp-¯ Znh-kw {]-kv-X-mhn-¡-pI-bm-bn-cp¶p. an-I-¨ H-cp {i-as¯ C-Ñm-iàn-tbm-sS sIm≠p-t]m-Im³ km-[n-¡m-sX h-¶m ]-cm-P-b-s¸-Sp-sa-¶ A-Sn-Øm-\-X-¯zw -X-s¶-bm-Wv C-hn-sSbpw kw-`-hn-¨-Xv.

ssh-{_â v Kp-P-dm-¯n-s\ I-≠p-]Tn-¡mw... 2005 ASnØm\ hÀjam¡n 2009 temI_m¦v {] kn²oIcn¨ dnt¸mÀ-«n C´ybnse \nt£] kulrZ kwØm\§fn tIcfw c≠mw Øm\¯mbncp¶p. IÀWmSIw H¶mw Øm\¯pw. tIcf¯nsâ amXrI ]n´pSÀ¶mWv KpPdm¯pw IÀWmSIbpsams¡ \nt£]kwKa§Ä \-S¯nbXv. ]-s£ C-¶v hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ Im-cy-¯n Kp-P-dm-¯v FÃm kw-Øm-\-§Ä-¡pw ]mT-am-bn-cn-¡p¶p. A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§fp-sS hn-Ik\w bm-YmÀ°y-am-¡n sIm-≠v hy-hkm-b ku-lr-Z kw-Øm-\-am-bn A-hÀ -am-dn-¡-gn-ªp. ]-hÀ-¡-«pIÄ CÃm-¯ kwØm-\w, ku-tcmÀP-s¯ G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X B-{i-bn-¡p-¶ kwØm-\w, 18000 ku-tcmÀ-P {Km-a-§-fp-Å kw-Øm-\w, A-SnØm-\ kuI-cy hn-I-k-\-§-fn- am-Xr-I-bm-¡m-hp-¶ kw-Øm\w C-sXms¡ C¶-s¯ Kp-P-dm-¯n-sâ {]-tXy-I-XI-fm-Wv. 2011 \S¶ ssh-{_â v Kp-P-dm-¯n-eqsS hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ ]p-¯³ Im-gv-N-¸mSm-Wv bm-YmÀ-°y-am-¡n-b-Xv. 100 cm-Py-§-fn \n-¶m-bn ]-Xn-\mbn-c-¯n-te-sd _n-kn-\-kp-Im-sc ]-s¦-Sp-¸n-¨p-sIm-≠p \-S-¯n-b kw-K-a-¯n-ep-sS ]-e ]-²-Xn-Ifpw bm-YmÀ-°y-am-¡p-hm³ km-[n¨p. tam-Un H-cp cm-{ão-bam-Xr-IbmtWm AÃtbm F-¶p-ÅXpw XÀ-¡-hn-j-b-am-bn-cn-¡mw, ]-s£ ssh-{_â v Kp-P-dm-¯v Hcp hnIk-\am-Xr-I- X-s¶-bm-sW-¶ Im-cy-¯n XÀ-¡-anÃ.

≠p h-¶ Pn-w F-¶ ]-cm-Pb-s¸-« ]-²-Xn-bpsS ]p Xn-b ]-Xn-¸m-Wv F-aÀ-Pn-wKv tIc-f. tem-I-¯n-sâ FÃm `mK-¯p \n-¶pap-Å-h-À¡v ]-¶y³ tI-c-f-¯n ap-XÂap-S-¡pc-ho-{µ³, hm³ A-hk-cw \Â-Ip-¶ kwØm-\ ]-²-Xn F-¶ t]-cn-em-Wv sk-{I«-dn, C-hn-sS F-¯-s¸-«-Xv. A-Xnkn-]n-sF \v ]-ecpw X-¿m-dm-sW-¶pw, B-Zyw ap-XÂap-S¡pI t^mIv-kv hm-K¬ I-¼-\n-bm-sW-¶ sX-än-²m-c-W-bpw kr-ãn-¨p. F-¶m ]n-¶o-Sv I¼-\n-bp-sS h-àm¡Ä A-§s\-sbm-cp ]-²-Xn-bnà F-¶p A-dn-bn¨p. Cu K-h¬-saâ v h-¶-Xn-\p ti-jw F-´p ]pXn-b hy-h-km-b-am-Wv C-hn-sS h-¶n-«p-ÅXv. H¶pw X-s¶-bnà F-¶p-Å-Xm-Wv hm-kv-Xhw. P-\-§-fp-sS I-®n s]m-Sn-bnSp-I F-¶-XmWv A-hÀ sN-bv-Xp h-cp-¶-Xv . hy-h-km-b-§Ä h-cp-¶nà F-¶p am-{X-aà B-kq-{X-W-¯n-se

]-ng-hp-IÄ Imc-Ww I-gn-ª hÀ-jw ap-gp-h³ ]-hÀ-¡-«n-eqsS hy-h-km-b-§Ä-¡v Zp-cn-Xhpw \Â-In. A-Xn-hÀ-jw ImcWw C-Sp-¡n-bn-se A-W-s¡-«n sh-Åw h-¶-Xn-\m Ipd-¨p \m-tf-t¯-¡v C-\n ]-hÀ¡«v D-≠m-hnà F-¶v B-iz-kn-¡m-w. F-¶m ssh-Zyp-Xn t_mÀ-Uv Cu-Sm-¡p-¶ D-bÀ-¶ sshZyp-Xn NmÀ-Pv hy-hkm-b cw-K-¯v tZm-jw sN-¿pw. Cu \-b-§Ä kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ hy-h-km-bhn-cp-² ap-J-am-Wv hy-à-am-¡p-¶Xv. F-aÀ-Pn-w-Kv tI-c-f ]²Xn hy-h-km-b im-àoI-c-W-¯n-\m-Wv F-¶p hn-iz-kn-¡m-\m-InÃ. a-dn-¨v C-Xn-sâ-sbÃmw a-d-hn C-hn-sS \-S-¶Xv `q-an¡-¨-h-S-am-Wv. ap³-Im-e-§-fnepw bp-UnF-^v K-h¬-sa-â v C-Xp X-s¶-bm-Wv \-S-¸n-em¡m³ {i-an-¨Xvv. tI-c-f-¯n-se km-[m-c-W-¡m-cm-b P-\-§Ä¡v A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§-fpw, ]mÀ-¸n-Shpw sh-Åhpw \Â-Im-\p-Å _m[y-X `-c-W-IÀ¯m-¡Ä-¡p≠v. F-¶m `q-an-bpw Ip-Sn-sh-Åhp-aS¡w FÃmw kz-Im-cy- ap-X-em-fn-amÀ-¡v ]-Wbw sh-bv-¡p-hm-\p-Å {i-a-§-fm-Wv C-hnsS \-S-¶-Xv.

\nt£-] kulr-Z kw-Øm-\-am-IWw.

Rm ³ tI-c-f-¯n \nt£-]n-¡-W-sa-¶v B-{K-lntPmÀ-Öv ]u-tem-kv Øm-]I³ (F-bnw-kv CâÀ\mjWÂ)

¡p-¶ _n-kn-\-kp-Im-cn H-cm-fmWv. Cu B-{K-lw a-\-Ên-epÅ-Xv sIm-≠m-Wv F-d-Wm-Ip-fw PnÃ-bnse s\Ãm-Sv F-¶ {]-tZi-¯v A-´m-cm-{ã \n-e-hm-c-¯n Hcp `-£y kw-kvI-c-W bqWn-äv B-cw-`n-¨Xpw. ]-t£, F´p-sImt≠m kw-K-a-¯nte-¡v F-s¶bpw F-sâ {Kq-¸ns\tbm £-Wn-¡p-

Ibp-≠m-bn-«nÃ. F-s¶t¸m-se-bp-Å k-Xy-kÔcm-b F-{X \n-t£-]-IÀ Cu kw-K-a-¯n \n-¶p H-gn-hm-¡-s¸-«p F-¶p A-dn-bnÃ, H-gnhm-¡-s¸-«-Xn hf-sc \n-cm-i-bp-≠v. F´psIm-≠m-Wv H-gn-hm-¡-s¸«-Xv F¶pw F-\n-¡v A-dn-bnÃ. F-¶m kw-K-aw \S-¶v C-{Xbpw I-gn-ªn«pw H-cp ]²-Xn t]mepw bm-YmÀ-°yam-bnà F¶-Xv Gsd \n-cm-i-mP-\-I-am-Wv. k-a-c-§fpw hn-hm-Z-§fpw H-gn-hm-¡n Iq-SpX \n-t£-]- kulr-Z kw-Øm-\-am-bn \mw am-td-≠-Xp-≠v. (tI-c-f-¯n-epw hn-tZ-i¯pw {]-ikvXam-b F-bnw-kv CâÀ\m-j-W F-¶ Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ km-c-Yn-bm-Wv tPmÀ-Pv ]u-tem-kv)

{]-Xo-£-IÄ A-Øm-\-¯m-bn

F -aÀ-Pnw-Kv tI-cf t]m -ep-Å ]-²-Xn-IÄ B-h-iy{io N{µtam-l³,

{]-knUâ v tNw_À Hm-^v sIm-ta-gv-kv & C³-U-kv-{Sn Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw

amWv. A-Sn-Øm-\ ku-I-cyhn-I-k-\-¯n-eq-sS \-½p-sS \m-«n-epw \n-t£-]w F-¯n -¡m³ km-[n-¡pw. H-«-\h-[n B-fp-IÄ tI-c-f-¯n apXÂap-S-¡p-hm³ X-¿m-dmWv. kw-Ka-s¯ G-sd {]-Xo£I-tfm-sS X-s¶-bm-Wv Rm\pw I-≠n-cp-¶Xv. F-¶m ^-e-¯n h-cp-

t¼mÄ {]-Xo-£-IÄ A-Øm-\-¯m-sb-¶p am{Xw. D-tZym-KØ X-e-¯n-se Np-h-¸p-\m-S-IÄ, s{]m-^j-W k-ao]-\w CÃm-bv-a, B-kq-{XW-anÃm-¯ {]-h-À¯-\w F-¶n-h-bm-Wv ]²-Xn ]-cm-P-b-s¸-Sm³ Im-c-W-sa-¶p Rm-³ hn-iz-kn¡p¶p. F-¶m C-Xn-s\-sbÃmw t\-cn-tS-≠ P-\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-IÄ an-≠m-sX-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. hn-hm-Z-§-fn sN-¶p s]-Sm-Xn-cn-¡p-hm\p-Å _p-²n-]qÀ-Æ-ap-Å {]-hÀ-¯-\-am-bn-«m-Wv ]-ecpw C-Xn-s\ Im-Wp-¶Xv. Cu \n-e-]m-SpIÄ am-än-s¡m-≠v H-cp Xn-cp-¯Â-i-àn-bm-bn cm-{ão-b-I-£n-IÄ am-dn-bm am-{X-ta \m-Sn-\p ]p-tcm-K-Xn-bp-≠mIq.

49


C³sh-Ìvsaâv ssKUv C-´y³ cq-]-bp-sS hn-e-bn-Snbp¶-Xv F§-s\ ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯mw F-¶-Xm-Wv \mw Nn-´n-t¡-≠Xv. hntZ-i C-´y-¡mÀ¡v Cu A-hk-cw ap-X-em-¡m³ km-[n-¡pw.

v h n S n b e p-sS hn

cq-]-b

H ]n hnt\m-ZvIp-amÀ

C -´y³ cq-]-bp-sS Im-cy-¯n Ip-d-¨p-Im-e-am-bn hn-e hy-Xn-bm-\-

§Ä kw-`-hn-¡p-¶p-≠v. Ignª c≠p amkambn cq]bpsS hne CSnªpsIm≠ncn¡pIbmWv. sabvamk¯nsâ XpS¡w apX {i²n¨m- GItZiw 7 iXam\¯ne[nIw CSnhmWv kw`hn¨ncn¡p-¶Xv. B-tKmfþB`y´c km¼¯nI {] iv\§fmWv C-¯-c-w A-h-Ø-bv¡v Im-cWw. F-¶m C{Xbpw {]

XnIqekmlNcy§Ä \n-e-\nÂ-s¡ ¯s¶ c≠p {][m\ tNm-Zy-§Ä¡v {]-k-àntbdp¶p. Cu A-h-Ø-bn cq]bpsS Ibänd¡§Ä hntZi C´y-¡mÀ¡vv A\pIqeam¡m³ km-[n¡ptam? ]c¼cm-KX \nt£] amÀKamb _m¦v \nt£]¯n\v Fs´¦nepw BIÀjWobXbp-t≠m? hntZ-i C-´y-¡mÀ-¡v F§s\ t\-«ap-≠m-¡m-w F-¶p t\m-¡mw. sabv- am-k¯n Hcp tUmfÀ hntZi¯p \n ¶pw Ab¡pt¼mÄ GItZiw 54 cq]

tbmfw In«pambn-cp-¶p F-¶m Ct¸mÄ 60 cq]bne[n-Iw e-`n¡pw. c≠p amkw sIm≠v 6 cq] IqSpXÂ! hmÀjnIambn IW¡m¡nbm 66.66 iXam\t¯mfw hcpam\w. A¶v 54000 cq] `h\hmbv-]m CFwsF ¡mbn 1000 tUmfÀ Ab¡p¶ Øm\¯v C¶v 885 tUmfÀ Ab¨m aXn. em`w 115 tUmfÀ, AXmbXv GItZiw 6000 cq]. C¯c¯n hcp¶ am-ä§Ä¡\pkcn-¨v Ir-Xy-am-bn B-kq{X-Ww sN-bv-Xm t\-«-ap-≠m-¡mw. cq] bpsS icnbmb Znibpw aäv km¼¯nI LSI§-fpw ]Tn¨Xn\p tijta CXn\p apXncmhq. ImcWw \ãkm[y-X ]qÀ® ambpw Hgnhm¡Ww. F´mbmepw cq] Ipdª \nebnembncn¡pt¼mÄ, Ct§m«v sIm≠phcp¶ ]Ww ap-¼-t¯Xnepw em`Icambncn-¡pw. ChnsS \n¶v hntZit¯¡v ]Ww amäp¶Xv cq]bpsS aqeyw Xncn¨p IbdnbXn\p tijambncn¡Ww.

hntZi C´y¡mÀ¡pÅ \n-t£]w cq]bpsS Ct¸mgs¯ {]hWX aqew ]eni\nc¡pIÄ Ipdbv¡m³ dn-kÀhv _m¦n\v Ign-bp-¶-tX-bnÃ. AXpt]mse kmam\yw t`Zs¸« ]eni \nc¡mWv Ct¸mÄ \n-e-\n¡p¶Xv. Cu Ahkc¯n hntZi C´y-¡mÀ¡v tUmfdn In«p¶ ]Ww C´ybnte¡vsIm≠v h¶p \nt£]n¨m 7-9 iXam\w t\-«ap≠m¡mw. IgnhXpw ZoÀLIme \nt£]amWv \ÃXv. ImcWw ASp¯ ]¯p hÀjs¯ Hcp ]²-Xn sXcsªSp¯mÂ, ]n ¶oSv ChnsS ]eni\nc¡v IqSnbm-epw, Ipdªmepw ASp¯ ]-¯p hÀjhpw Ct¸mÄ Dd¸p Xcp¶ hcpam\w In«ns¡m≠ncn-¡pw. hntZi C´y¡mÀ¡v C´ybn Ønc\nt£]¯n\mbn C¶v aq-¶p A¡u-≠pIfmWp-ÅXv. F³BÀH (Non Resident Ordinary), F³BÀC (Non Resident External), F^vknF³BÀ (Foreign Currency Non Resident) F¶nhbmWnh. Ønc\nt£]w am{Xaà anI¨ I¼\nIfpsS t_m≠pIÄ, ayq¨z ^≠pIÄ, HmlcnIÄ F¶nhbnepw hntZi C´y-¡mÀ¡vv \n-t£]w \ S¯n A[nIt\«ap≠m-¡mw. ASnØm\ LSI§Ä iàambn«pÅ [mcmfw I¼\nIÄ Gsd Ipdª \nc¡n C¶v Hmlcnhn]Wnbn e`yamWv. t\

50

cs¯Xs¶ Imcyamb hnebnSnhv Zriyamb anUv Iym-]v, kvamÄ Iym]v I¼\nIfn an-I-¨ sXcsªSp¸v \ S¯nbm AXnibIcamb t\«§Ä Dd¸m-¡mw. I¼\n t_m≠pIÄ BIÀjIamb \nc¡n e`yamIp¶Xv am{Xta ]cnKWn¡mhp. AXpt]mse s{IUnäv- tdänwKpÅ iàamb I¼\n bmsW¶v Dd¸p hcp-¯Ww. aypNz ^≠msW¦n Imcyambn hniIe\w \S¯nb tijta \nt£]w \S-¯mhq. Chbnse em`Icamb km²yXIÄ D]tbm-Ks¸Sp¯mhp¶XmWv. FÃm ^≠pIfnepw hntZi C´y¡mÀ¡v \n t£]w A\phZn¨n«nà F¶ Imcyw {] tXyIw HmÀ-¡Ww. Iym]nä sKbv³ kw-_-Ôn¨pÅ \nIpXn F§s\bmWv _m[n¡pI F¶XmWv asämcp Imcyw. C-´ybv¡v ]pd¯pÅ FÃmhÀ¡pw CXv KpWw sN¿psa¶v ]dbm\m-hnÃ. ChnsS ap¨z ^-≠n \nt£]n¨ XpI Hcp hntZi C´y¡mc³' Xncn¨p do]m{Snsbäv sNbvXm ap-¼-t¯-¡mÄ Ipd¨p ]Wta b-YmÀ-Y-¯n In«q. C´y¡mcpsS Ip«nIÄ ]pd¯p ] Tn¡m³ t]mbn«ps≠¦n AhcpsS sNehpw Imcyambn IqSm³ CXv hgnsh¡pw. hntZibm{X \S¯m\pt±in¡p¶ B-fp-IÄ¡pw _m[yX Iq-Spw.

B`y´c cwKw ChnsS DÂ-¸-¶§Ä¡pw tk-h\-§Ä-¡p-sams¡ hne Iq-Spw. \½Ä hfscb[nIw D]tbmKn¡p¶Xpw F¶m D]t`mK¯nsâ `qcn`mKhpw Cd¡paXn \S¯p¶ Hcp D¸¶¯n\v Ct¸mÄ IqSpX XpI amänhbv¡Ww. Ct¸mgs¯ AhØbn cq]bpsS aqeys¯ CXv t\cn«mWv _m[n¡pI. hntZi [\Imcy Øm]\§fpsS Imcyamb hn¸\ ]cnKWn¨m A{X s]s«¶v! k¼Zv cwKs¯ {] iv\§fn \n¶v Ffp¸w I-c Ib-dm³ Ffp¸aÃ. Atacn¡bn XpSÀ¶p sIm≠ncn¡p¶ km¼¯nI Dt¯P\ ]cn]mSnbmb' Izm≠ntääohv CuknwKv' C\n \nÀ¯em¡pItbm Asæn Ipdbv¡pItbm sN¿psa¶ Bi¦bmWv Ct¸mgs¯ ]e {] iv-\§Ä¡pw ASnØm\ImcWw. km¼¯nI ]cn-jvImc§Ä \ S¸m¡p¶Xnse A-\n-Ýn-X-Xz-amWv \mw t\cnSp¶ asämcp `ojWn. C´ybnte¡pÅ hntZi \nt£] s¯t]mepw CXv _m[nt¨¡mw.


2012 amÀ-¨n-\pti-jw C-´y³ cq-] 20 i-X-am-\-¯n-e-

[n-Iw C-Sn-ªn-«p≠v. A-Xmb-Xv tUm-f-sdm-¶n-\p 50 cq-]-bmbn-cp¶-Xv C-t¸mÄ 62 Hm-fw cq-]-bmbn. A-Sp-¯n-sS shdpw aq-¶p-am-kw sIm-≠v 15 i-X-am\-t¯m-fw Ip¯-s\ C-Sn-bp-Ihn cmtP-{µ³, bm-bn-cp¶p. cq-]-bpsS Cu {] kn-FwUn, h-W-X k-¼-ZvcwK-s¯ Im-cyIm]vtÌmIvkv am-bn _m-[n-¡p-sa¶-Xv sIm-≠v K-h¬-saâpw dn-kÀ-hv _m¦pw B-sI B-i-¦-bn-emWv. C-d-¡paXn sNe-th-dn-b-Xm-Ip-Ibpw A-Xv ]-W-s¸-cp-¸w Iq-«pIbpw sN-¿pw. Iq-Sm-sX h³ hn-tZ-iI-S-ap-Å I-¼-\nIÄ-¡v b-YmÀ-°am-bn hm-§n-b-Xn-t\-¡mÄ Iq-Sp-X Xp-I A-S-bvt¡-≠-Xm-bn h-cpw. AXp-t]m-se ]-W-s¸cp-¸w D-bÀ-¶ \n-e-bn Xp-SÀ-¶m dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦n-\v ]-en-i\nc-¡v Ip-d-bv¡m³ I-gn-bp-I-bpanÃ. A-Xv k-¼Zvcw-K-¯n-\p tZm-jw sN-¿pw.

cq-] F´p-sIm-≠v Xm-gp-¶p? C-´y³ t_m-≠v hn-]-Wn-I-fn hntZ-i [-\-Imcy Øm-]-\-§Ä Im-cyam-b hnÂ-¸-\ \-S-¯n-b-tXmsS-bmWv cq-]-bp-sS aqeyw Ip-d-ªp -Xp-S-§n-b-Xv. A-ta-cn-¡ Izm-≠n-tä-äohv Cu-kn-wKv ]-cn-]m-Sn-IÄ Ip-d-bv¡p-sa-¶pw, A-Xv B-tKm-fX-e-¯n en-Izn-Unänsb _m-[n-¡p-sa¶pw B-i-¦ D-≠m-b-Xm-Wv C-Xn-\p Im-cWw. Pq¬, Pq-sse am-k-§-fn am{Xw hntZ-i [-\-Im-cyØm-]-\§Ä 7.6 _nÃy¬ bp F-kv tUm-f-dnsâ C-´y³ t_m-≠p-I-fpw 2.8 _nÃy¬ bp F-kv tUmf-dnsâ Hm-l-cn-Ifpw hn-ä-gn¨p. Id-≠v A-¡u-≠v¡-½n Iq-Sp-X-ep-Å C-´y-bn t\-cn-«p-Å hntZ-i \n-t£-]w hgn-tbm, hn-tZi-¯p \n-¶p-Å- hm-bv-] aq-etam am-{Xta Cu I-½n Ip-dbv-¡m³ I-gnbq. hntZi [-\-Im-cyØm]-\-§Ä hnÂ-¸-\ \-S-¯n-b-tXm-sS C-hn-sS tUm-f-dn-\v h³ Un-amâ v D-≠m-bn. cq-]-bp-sS aqeyw ho≠pw Ip-d-bpsa-¶ {]-Xo-£-bn hntZ-i C-´y¡mÀ \m-«n-te-¡p-Å ]-W-a-b-¡p¶Xp am-än-h-bv-¡p-¶Xpw cq-]-bv-¡p I-Sp-¯ k-½À-±-am-Ip-¶p-≠v. Pq¬, Pqsse hnÂ-¸\-bv¡v ti-j hpw hntZ-i [-\-Im-cy Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS ssIhiw 29.4 _n-ey¬ bpF-kv tUm-f-dn-sâ C-´y³ t_m-≠p-I-fpw 138 _n-ey¬ bpF-kv tUm-f-dnsâ Hm-l-cn-I-fp-ap-≠v.

dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v \-S-]-Sn-IÄ H-cp sk³-{S _m¦v F¶ \n-e-bn cq-]bp-sS h³ I-b-än-d-¡-§Ä \n-b-{´nt¡≠-Xv dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦mWv. tI-{µ K-h¬-saâpw dn-kÀ-hv _m¦pw I-d³-kn H-cp {]-tXy-I \n-e-bn \nÂ-¡-W-sa-¶ hm-in-bneÃ. F-¶m I-d³-kn-¡v Øn-c-X-bmÀ-¶ H-cp `-c-W-{I-aw th-W-sa-¶v am-{Xw. cq-]-bp-sS h³ I-b-än-d-¡-§Ä \n-b{´n-t¡≠-Xv dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦m-Wv. cq-]-bp-sS hn-e ]n-Sn-¨p \nÀ-¯m³ dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v ]-e \-S-]-Sn-Ifpw kzo-I-cn¨p. ]-en-i\nc-¡v Iq«nbpw en-Izn-Un-än ap-dp-¡nbpw I-d³-kn hn-e¯-IÀ¨-sb a-dn-I-S¡mw F-¶m-Wv ]mT-]p-kv-X-I-§fn ]Tn-¨n-cp-¶Xv. In-g-¡³ G-jy³ {]-Xn-k-Ôn k-ab-¯v 1998 Im-e-b-f-hn A¶-s¯ K-hÀ-W-dm-bn-cp-¶ _n-a P-em cq-]-bp-sS aq-ey-an-Sn-hv X-S-bm³ _m-¦v \n-c¡pw kn-BÀ-BÀ \n-c-¡pw 200 t_-kn-kv t]m-

bnâp-I-fmWv Ip-d-¨Xv. C-t¸mÄ C-¯-c¯n-ep-Å H-cp \-S-]-Sn-Ifpw ssI-s¡m-≠n≠n«nÃ. Xm-¡m-en-Iam-b \-S-]-Sn-IÄ F-¶v tXm-¶n-¡p-¶ ]-c-¼-cm-K-X-aÃm-¯ Nn-e Im-cy§Ä am-{X-ta sN-bv-Xn«pÅq. _m-¦p-IÄ hmbv-] F-Sp-¡p¶-Xv dnt¸m \n-c¡p{]-Im-cw dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦n \n-¶mWv. C-t¸mÄ 7.25 i-X-am-\-am-Wv dnt¸m \n-c¡v. t\c-s¯ _m-¦pIÄ-¡v A-h-cp-sS sam-¯w \n-t£-]-¯n-sâ 1 i-X-am-\w hm-§m³ I-gn-bp-am-bn-cp¶p. F-¶m-en-t¸mÄ CXv 0.5 i-X-am-\-am-¡n Ipd-¨v ]-We-`y-X-bn Ip-d-hp-h-cp¯n. _m-¦p-IÄ-¡v Iq-Sp-X en-Izn-Un-än B-h-iy-am-bn h-cpt¼mÄ dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦n \n-¶v amÀ-Pn-\ kv-ämÀ-UnwKv s^-kn-enän (MSF) {]-Im-cw ]-Ww hm-bv-]-sb-Sp-¡mw. C-Xn-\p 1 i-X-am-\w A-[n-I-am-Wv ]-en-i. A-Xm-bXv 8.2 i-X-am\w. Cu \n-c¡pw C-t¸mÄ 2 i-X-am-\w hÀ-²n-¸n¨v 10.25 i-X-am-\w B-¡n-bn-«p≠v. _m-¦p-I-fp-sS sam¯w \n-t£-]-¯n-sâ H-cp \nÀ-±n-ã i-X-am-\w dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦n kq-£n-¡-p¶Xv knBÀBÀ AY-hm Iym-jv dn-kÀ-hv td-tjym F-¶m-Wv ]-d-bpI. Cu XpIbv-¡v bm-sXm-cp ]-en-ibpw In-«nÃ. C-t¸mg-s¯ \n-c-¡v 4 i-X-am-\-amWv. en-Izn-Un-än {I-ao-I-cn-¡m³ dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v C-Xn Nne am-ä-§Ä h-cp-¯pw. t\cs¯ Cu ]-W-¯n-sâ 70 i-X-am-\w AX-Xv Znh-kw X-s¶ kq-£n¡-W-am-bn-cp-s¶-¦n C-t¸m-fn-Xv 99 i-X-am-\-am-¡n Iq-«nbn-«p≠v. {l-kzIm-e en-Izn-Un-än-sb C-Xv _m-[n-¡p-sa-¶ Im-cy-¯n kw-i-b-anÃ. sam-¯w C-d-¡p-a-Xn-bp-sS 11 i-X-am-\-t¯m-fw h-cp-¶ kzÀ-W C-d-¡pa-Xn kw-_-Ôn-¨ \n-b-a-§fpw C-t¸mÄ IÀ-i\ -- am-¡n-bn-«p≠v. hntZ-i C-´y-¡m-cp-sS ]-Ww Chn-sS F-¯p-¶-Xv t{]mÂ-km-ln-¸n-¡m\pw ]-e \-S-]Sn-I-sf-Sp-¯n-«p≠v. aq-¶phÀ-j Im-em-h-[n-bn IqSn-b A[n-I \n-t£-]-§Ä-¡v kn-BÀBÀ, F-kvFÂBÀ \n_-Ô-\ Cf-hp \Â-Ip-Itbm ]qÀ-W-am-bn H-gn-hm-¡pItbm sN-bv-Xn-«p≠v. C-´y-bn \n-¶v ]p-d-t¯-¡p-Å ]-W-a-b-¡-en-\v ]-e \n-_-Ô-\-Ifpw GÀ-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn«p≠v. hn-tZi-¯v \n-t£-]w \-S-¯p-¶ C-´y³ I-¼\n-IÄ-¡p-≠m-bn-cp-¶ Hm-t«m-am-än-Iv A-{]q-h Ém-_v C-t¸mÄ Ip-d-¨n-«p≠v. t\c-s¯ s\-ävhÀ-¡n-sâ \m-ep aS-§v hsc Hm-t«m-am-än-Iv A-{]q-h _m-[-I-am-bn-cp-s¶¦n C-t¸mÄ H-cp a-S-§n-\p am-{X-ta C-Xv e-`n¡q.

k¼-ZvcwK-s¯ _m-[n-¡p-¶-sX-§-s\.... A-Sp-¯n-sS dn-kÀ-hv _m-s¦-Sp-¯ \-S-]-Sn-IÄ k-¼-ZvcwK-s¯ amµyw hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-sa¶mWv hn-aÀ-iIÀ A-`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. 2014 km-¼¯n-I hÀj-s¯ B-Zy-]m-Z-¯n hy-h-km-bn-I DÂ-¸m-Z-\ kq-NnI 1 iX-am-\w Ip-dª-Xv DÂ-¸m-Z-\ ta-J-e-bn-se {]-iv-\-§-Ä hy-à-am-¡p¶p. A-ta-cn-¡³ D-t¯-P-\ ]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fn Ipd-hv h-cp¶-Xv t]m-ep-Å Im-cy-§-Ä dn-kÀ-hv _m¦v \n-b-{´-W-¯n-eÃm-¯ Im-cy-am-W-tÃm. B-`y´-c, B-tKm-f L-S-I-§Ä-¡-\p-k-cn-¨v cq-] A-Xn-sâ bYmÀ-° hn-e F¯-s«-sb-¶pw, dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v \-b-§Ä k-¼-ZvcwK-¯v Iq-Sp-X {]-iv-\-§Ä kr-ãn-¡p-sa-¶pw ]-e hn-aÀ-i-Icpw Nq-≠n-¡m-Wn-¡p-¶p≠v. C-hn-Sp-s¯ Imcyw X-s¶-bm-Wv A-hÀ C-Xn-\v sX-fn-hm-bn \n-c-¯p¶Xv. 2010þ2011 Im-e-b-f-hn dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v dnt¸m \n-c-¡pIÄ 4.75 i-X-am-\-¯n \n¶v 8.5 i-X-am-\-am-¡n D-bÀ-¯nb-Xv ]-W-s¸-cp-¸w \n-b-{´n¡m-\m-bn-cp-¶p. 2010 se D-bÀ-¶ ]W-s¸-cp-¸-am-b 11 i-X-am-\-¯n \n-¶v 5

""cq-]-bp-sS {]-iv\-§Ä C-t¸mgpw Xp-S-cp-I-bmWv. C-Xv ]-cn-l-cn-¡m³ dn-kÀhv _m-¦n-sâ-bpw, tI{µ-K-h¬-saân-sâbpw \-S-]-Sn-IÄ Cu cwK-s¯ Nn-e {]-ap-JÀ tNmZyw sN-¿p¶p≠v. k¼-Zv cw-K-¯n-\v {]m-tbm-Kn-Iam-b \-S-]-Sn-IÄ B-hiy-ap-s≠-¶v a-\-kn-em-t¡≠-Xv K-h¬-saâmWv.'' Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw B-Øm-\am-b Im-]v-tÌm-¡v-kv B³-Uv sk-Iyq-cn-äo-kv (C-´y) am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-Îdpw {]-tam«-dpam-b cm-tP-{µ³ hn k-¼-Zv cwK-s¯ hn-e-bn-cp-¯p-¶p i-X-am-\-am-¡n C-Xv Ip-d-bv¡m-\m-sb-¦nepw km-¼¯n-I h-fÀ-¨ _-en-I-gn-¨m-Wv C-Xv t\-Sn-b-sX-¶m-Wv hn-aÀ-i-I-cp-sS A-`n-{]m-bw.

_m-¦nwKv Hm-l-cn-IÄ dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v \-S-]-Sn-IÄ {l-kz-Im-e-t¯-¡v s]mXp-sh ]en-i \n-c-¡p-IÄ Iq-Sm\pw en-Izn-Un-än Ip-dbv¡m\pw h-gn-sX-fn-¡pw. C-´y³ K-h¬-saâ v t_m≠p-I-fn C-Xp {]-Xn-^-en-¨p I-gnªp. C-h-bn h³hnÂ-¸-\ Zr-iy-am-b-tXm-sS t_m-≠p-I-fn \n-¶p-Å b-YmÀ-° h-cp-am-\w Iq-Sn. ]-¯v hÀ-j C-´y³ t_m≠p-I-fn \n-¶p-Å b-YmÀ-° h-cp-am\w 7.4  \n-¶v 9 i-X-am-\-am-bn Iq-Sn. C-Xv Iq-Sm-sX _m-¦nwKv Hm-l-cn-Ifn h³ hnÂ-¸-\bpw Zr-iy-ambn. _m-¦nw-Kv kqNn-I a-äv {][m-\ kq-Nn-IIsf-¡mÄ tam-iw \n-e-bn-embn. s]mXp-taJ-em _m-¦p-I-fp-sS B-kvXn Kp-W-ta· (Asset Quality) t\-c-s¯ Xs¶ Ip-d-ªn-cp¶p. C-t¸mÄ t_m≠v hn-e-I-Ä C-Sn-ª Øn-Xn-¡v CXpw _m-¦p-I-fpsS h-cp-am\-s¯ _m-[n-¡pw. hn-]-Wn- hn-e-b-\p-k-cn-¨v t_m≠v t]mÀ-«vt^mfntbm A-¡u-≠v sN-¿p-¶-Xn \n-¶v Cf-hv sN-¿-W-sa-¶v _m-¦p-IÄ dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦-n-t\m-Sv B-h-iy-s¸-«n-«p≠v. dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v C-X-\p-h-Zn-¨n-sÃ-¦n _m-¦p-I-fp-sS A-äm-Zm-b-¯n h³ tXm-Xn-en-Sn-hv D-≠mIp-sa-¶m-Wv I-W-¡m-¡p-¶Xv. Nne s]m-Xp-taJ-em _m-¦p-IÄ A-Sp-¯ ]m-Z-¯n Xs¶ \-ã-ap-≠m-¡n-sb¶p h-cmw. k-¼-ZvcwK-s¯ amµyw aq-ew \n-jv-{In-b Bkv-Xn-IÄ Iq-Sp-Ibpw sN-¿pw. tlmÄ-sk-bn _m-¦nw-Kv \n-c-¡p-IÄ Iq-Sp¶-Xv kz-Im-cy-_m-¦pI-sf _m-[n-¡m-\mWv km-[y-X.

K-h¬-saâ v F-Sp-t¡-≠ ZoÀ-LIm-e \-S-]-Sn-IÄ dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦nsâ C-t¸mg-s¯ \-S-]-Sn-IÄ cq-]Øn-cX ssI-h-cn-¡m³ X-Â-¡mew k-lm-bn-s¨-¶p h-cmw. L-S-\m-]-cam-b {]-iv-\-§Ä K-h¬-saâ v ]-cn-lcn-¨n-sÃ-¦n Øn-c-X-bmÀ-¶ I-d³-kn F¶-Xv kz-]v-\w am-{X-am-bn A-h-ti-jn-¡pw. dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦v \-b-§Ä X-mÂ-¡m-en-I-ambn k-lm-b-I-am-Ip-t¼mÄ, K-h¬saâ v {]m-tbm-Kn-Iam-b \-S-]-Sn-I-sf-Sp-t¯ a-Xn-bmIq. cq-] Øn-c-X-bmÀ-Ön-¡m³ ]-e \-S-]-Sn-I-sf-Sp-¡Ww. A-Xym-h-iy-aÃm-¯ km-[-\-§-fp-sS C-d-¡pa-Xn Ipdbv¡Â, I-bäpa-Xn hÀ-²n-¸n¡Â, t\-cn-«p-Å hntZ-i \n-t£-]-hpw (FDI) t]mÀ-«v t^mfntbm \n-t£-]hpw B-IÀ-jn-¡m³ A-\pIq-e A-´-co-£w kr-ãn-¡Â XpS§n-b Im-cy-§Ä sN-bv-tX a-Xn-bmIq. Cu \-S-]-Sn-IÄ am-{X-ta cq]-sb c-£n¡q. C¯cw e-£y-§Ä t\-Sm\p-Å H-cp A-´-co-£w kr-ãn-¡m³ dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦n-\v I-gn-tª-¡mw. F-¶m th-≠ Xo-cp-am-\-§-sf-Sp-t¡≠Xv K-h¬-saâmWv. \S-¸v km-¼¯n-I hÀ-jw Id-≠v A-¡u-≠v I-½n Pn-Un-]n-bpsS 3.7 i-X-am-\-am-¡m³ I-gn-bp-sa-¶v [-\-a{´n Nn-Zw--_cw Dd-¸v \Â-In-bn«p≠v. Nn-Zw--_c-¯n-sâ Dd-¸v ]m-en-¡-s¸-«m dn-kÀ-hv _m-¦nsâ Xm-Â-¡menI \-S-]-Sn-IÄ \nÀ-¯n-b-mepw Ip-g-¸-anÃ.

51


C³sh-Ìvsaâv ssKUv

A-c-hn-µm-£³ \mbÀ, U-b-d-ÎÀ, A-Iyp-sa³ Iym-]n-ä amÀ¡-äv C´ym en-anäUv

lotdm tamt«m tImÀ-]v hy-hkm-b ta-J-e Hm-t«m-sam-_n kn-Fw-]n ` 1847 F-^v hn `2 C ]n F-kv ` 102.75 ]n/C 18.02 XhW hy-hkm-b ta-J-e ]n/C 17.43 XhW _p-¡v hm-eyq ` 320.90 52 B-gvN-s¯ D-bÀ-¨ ` 1980 52 B-gvN-s¯ Xm-gv-¨ ` 1435 tem-I-¯n-se G-ähpw hen-b C-cpN-{I tam-t«mÀ ssk-¡nÄ DÂ-¸mZI I-¼-\n-bm-Wv lotdm tamt«m tImÀ-]v. 2013 amÀ-¨v 31 \v A-h-km-\n-¨ km-¼¯n-I hÀ-jw I-¼-\n-bp-sS hn-äp-h-c-hv 24000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bmWv. A-Sp-¯n-sS I-¼-\n B-Zy-am-bn X-§-fp-sS D-¸-¶-§Ä¡v 5 hÀ-j hmd-≠n {]-Jym-]n-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. C-Xn-\p hfsc an-I-¨ {]-Xn-I-c-W-am-Wv In-«n-bXv.

52 B-gvN-s¯ Xm-gv-¨ ` 237.25 s]m-Xp-P-\-]-¦m-fn-¯-ap-Å _-tbm-sSIv-t\m f-Pn I-¼-\n-I-fn C-´y-bn-se G-ähpw h-ep-Xv _-tbm-tIm¬ BWv. I-¼-\n-bp-sS _w-K-fq-cp hn \n-¶p-Å D-Â-¸mZ\ti-jn I-gn-ª ]mZw ap-X hÀ-²n-¸n-¨n-«p≠v. km-[m-c-W an-Uv Iym-]v ^mÀ-a Hm-l-cn-I-fp-sS t]mepw i-cmi-cn ]n C A-\p-]mXw C-cp-]-Xn-e-[n-I-am-bn-cn-s¡ est _-tbm-tIm-Wn-tâ-Xp 12þ13 X-h-W-IÄ am-{Xuys amWv. C-t¸mg-s¯ Ip-d-ª hn-e \n-e-hm-ct¯m-sSm-¸w cq-]-bp-sS aq-eyw sa-¨-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sse-k³-knw-Kv h-cp-am-\w Iq-Sm-\p-Å km-[yXbpw I-W-¡n-se-Sp-¯m {l-kz-Im-e-t¯-¡v hn-e sa-¨-s¸-Sm³ km-[y-X-bp≠v. Hm-d C³kp-en³ a-cp-¶v Iq-Sp-X hn-I-kn-¸n-¡m \pw hmWn-Py-hÂ-¡-cn-¡m\pw {_n-tÌmÄ a-tbÀkv kv-Izn-_v a-mbn ]-¦m-fn-¯-ap-≠m-¡n-bn-«p≠v.

B

_-tbm-tIm¬ hy-hkm-b ta-J-e ^mÀa kn-Fw-]n ` 336.70 F-^v hn ` 5.00 C ]n F-kv ` 14.67 ]n/C 22.92 XhW hy-hkm-b ta-J-e ]n/C 30.04 XhW _p-¡v hm-eyq ` 110.34 52 B-gvN-s¯ D-bÀ-¨ ` 340

M utu a l Fund

hy-hkm-b ta-J-e se-XÀ DÂ-¸-¶§Ä kn-Fw-]n ` 871 F-^v hn ` 10 C ]n F-kv ` 28.53 ]n/C 30.50 XhW hy-hkm-b ta-J-e ]n/C 24.53 XhW _p-¡v hm-eyq ` 108.98 52 B-gvN-s¯ D-bÀ-¨ ` 989 52 B-gvN-s¯ Xm-gv-¨ ` 686 do-s«bv B³-Uv tlmÄ-sk-bn ir-wJ-e h-gn ]m -Z-c-£-I-fp-sSbpw A-Xn-sâ L-S-I `m-K-§-fp-sSbpw D-¸m-Z-\hpw hym-]m-c-hp-am-Wv _m-äm C-´y en-an-ä-Unsâ {][m-\ {]-hÀ-¯\w. _m-äm \-K-dn-ep-Å I-¼-\n-bp-

t{Käv Cu-kvtä¬ jn-¸nw-Kv hy-hkm-b ta-J-e jn-¸nwKv kn-Fw-]n ` 239.60 F-^v hn ` 10 C ]n F-kv ` 9.60 ]n/C 24.88 XhW hy-hkm-b ta-J-e ]n/C 11.70 XhW _p-¡v hm-eyq ` 328.30 52 B-gvN-s¯ D-bÀ-¨ ` 291.40 52 B-gvN-s¯ Xm-gv-¨ ` 198.20 cm-Py-s¯ kz-Im-cy ta-J-e-bn-ep-Å G-ähpw hen-b jn-¸nw-Kv I-¼-\n-bm-Wv t{Käv Cu-kvtä¬ jn-¸nwKv. {Z-h, Kymkv, J-c cq-]-¯n-ep-Å h³ h-ep-¸-ap-Å D-¸¶-§fp-sS K-Xm-K-X-am-Wv {][m-\ {]-hÀ-¯-\w. 2013 Pq¬ 30 \v A-h-km-\n-¨ B-Zy]m-Z-¯n I-¼-\n-bp-sS A-ä-mZmbw 35.36 i-X-am-\w hÀ-[n-¨v 244.98 tIm-Sn-bmbn. ap³ km-¼¯n-I hÀ-jw C-tX Im-e-b-f-hn em-`w 180.99 tIm-Sn am-{X-am-bn-cp¶p. {]-hÀ-¯-\ sN-e-hp-Ifpw ]-eni_m-[y-Xbpw Ip-d-¨-Xm-Wv em-`w hÀ-[n-¡m³ Im-cWw. km-¼¯n-I sNe-hp-IÄ 23 i-X-am-\w Ip-d-ªp 91.52 tIm-Sn-bmbn. 2013 Pq¬ 30 \v A-h-km-\n-¨ B-Zy]m-Z¯n A-c-_ntµm ^mÀa 18.6 tIm-Sn cq-] A-ä-mZm-bw t\Sn. ap³ km-¼¯n-I hÀ-jw C-tX Im-e-b-f-hn 128.91 tIm-Sn cq-] \-ã-ap-≠m¡n-b Øm-\-¯m-WnXv. cq]-bp-sS aqeyw Iq-Sn-bn-cp-s¶-¦n em-`w C-Xnepw hÀ-[n¡p-am-bn-cp¶p. t^mÀ-ap-te-j³ _n-kn-\-Êv ap-t¶-dnb-Xv aq-ew sam-¯ h-cp-am-\w 41.33 i-X-am-\-am-Wv D-bÀ-¶Xv. (hcpwam-k-§-fn ap-I-fn sIm-Sp-¯ Hm-l-cn-IÄ 15þ30 i-X-am-\w t\-«-ap-≠m-¡p-sa-¶p {]-Xo-£n-¡p¶p.)

{]-I-S\-s¯ _m-[n-¡p-¶ L-S-I§Ä

\nt£-] ta-Je-sb¡p-dn-¨v ]Tn-¨p s{]m-^-j-W-embn \n-t£]w \-S-¯p-Ibpw an-I-¨ h-cp-am-\-ap-≠m-¡n

sIm-Sp-¡p-I-bp-am-Wv ayq-Nz ^-≠p-I-fpsS e-£yw. km-[m-c-W H-cp ^-≠n h³tXm-Xn \n-t£-]w F-¯p-¶p-s≠-¦n kzm-`m-hn-I-ambpw A-h-bp-sS {]-IS\w an-I-¨-Xm-bXp-sIm-≠m-sW-¶p I-cp-Xmw. C-§-s\ hen-b Xp-I ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p-¶Xpw \Ãco-Xn-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-Xpam-b H-cp ^-≠n-sâ `m-hn {]-I-S-\ hpw sa-¨-s¸-«-Xm-bn-cn¡ptam F-¶-Xm-Wv {][m\ tNmZyw. AXp-t]m-se sam-¯ \nt£-]¯p-I-bp-sS h-ep-¸w

52

_m-äm C-´y

sS A[n-I kz-¯p-h-I-IÄ hn-I-kn-¸n-¡p-¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä C-t¸mÄ \-S-¡p-¶p≠v.

C-h-bp-sS {]-I-S-\-hp-am-bn F-s´-¦nepw _-Ô-apt≠m F¶pw ]cn-tim-[n-¡mw. h³Xp-I k-am-l-cn-¨ H-cp km-[m-c-W ^-≠m-sW-¦n \nt£-] A-h-k-c-§Ä hf-sc ^-e-{]-Zam-b co-Xn-bn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯m³ Ign-bpw. \nt£-] am-t\-PÀ-amÀ¡v sIm-Sp-t¡-≠ ^o-kv C-\-¯nepw Ipsd-sbm-s¡ em-`n-¡mw. Imc-Ww hen-b ^-≠mb-Xv sIm-≠v _mÀ-sK-bv³ sN-bv-Xv H-cm-sf sXcsª-Sp-¡m³ _p-²n-ap-«v h-cnÃ. {]-hÀ-¯-\sNe-hnse Ip-d-hm-Wp a-säm¶v. A-Xmb-Xv Øn-cam-b sN-e-hp-IÄ Iq-S-pX B-kv-Xn-IÄ-¡m-bn ho-Xn-¡p-t¼mÄ H-cp bqWn-än-\p sNe-hv hf-sc Ip-d-bpw. h-ep-¸¯n-s\m-¸w ^-≠n-sâ \nt£] t]mÀ-«vt^mfntbm A-\p-k-cn¨pw ^-≠v {]-I-S\w hy-Xy-mks¸-Smw. Nn-e X-c-¯n-ep-Å ^-≠p-IÄ-¡v H-cp ]-cn-[nbn IqSn-b \n-t£-]w In-«n-bm A-Xv ssI-Imcyw sN-¿m³ G-sd _p-²n-ap-«pw. en-Izn-Un-än Ip-d-ª \n-t£]-§-fm-sW-¦n D-bÀ-¶ F-®w sk-Iyq-cn-än-IÄ hm-§phm\pw hnÂ-¡p-hm\pw G-sd _p-²n-ap-«mWv. an-Uv-Iym]v, kv-amÄ Iym-]v ^-≠p-IÄ C-¯-c-¯n s]-Sp-¯m-hp-¶XmWv. H-¶m-a-Xm-bn kv-amÄIym-]v, an-Uv-Iym]v Hm-l-cnI-fnse \nt£-] A-h-k-c-§Ä I-s≠-¯n-I-gn-ªm A-Xv Dt±-in-¡p-¶ hnebv-¡v hm-§m³ I-gn-bp-sa-¶v H-cp-d-¸p-anÃ. A-{Xbv¡pw hym]m-c hym-]vXn C¯-cw ] e Iu-≠-dp-I-fnepw Ip-d-hm-bn-cn-¡pw. kv-amÄ Iym]v Hml-cn-I-fnÂ- ]-e-t¸mgpw hym]m-c hym-]v-Xw Ip-d-ª \n-ebn-em-Ip-t¼mÄ \-ap-¡v hm-§m³ th≠-{X hnÂ-¸-\-¡mcp-≠m-hnÃ. B-h-iy-¯n-\p-Å F-®w hm-§-W-sa-¦n D-bÀ-¶ hn-e-bn-te-¡v t]m-tI-≠nbpw h-cmw. h-cp-am\s¯ _m-[n-¡p-¶ {][m-\ LS-Iw X-s¶-bm-WnXv. Øn-cam-b ]n³-h-en-¡Â th-≠n-h-cp-¶ A-h-k-c-§fn D-t±-in-¡p-¶ hn-e-bv-¡v hnÂ-¡m³ \-ap¡v km-[ns¨-¶-ph-cnÃ. ]-e-t¸m-gpw Ip-d-ª hn-e-bv¡v \n-t£-]§Ä hn-ä-gn-t¡-≠n-h-cmw. C§-s\ \-ãhpw D-≠m-Imw. D-bÀ-¶ hn-]-Wn-aq-ey-ap-Å Hm-l-cn-I-fn \n-t£-]w \-S-¯p-¶ ayq-NzÂ-^-≠p-IÄ B-sW-¦n F-{Xbpw IqSpX Hm-l-cn-IÄ D-s≠-¦nepw A-h C-S-]m-Sp-IÄ \-S¯m³ H-cp _p-²n-ap-«p-anÃ. F-¶m-en-hn-sS hf-sc Ipd-¨p I-¼-\n-I-fpsS Hm-l-cn-IÄ am-{X-am-Wv t]mÀ«v-t^mfn-tbmbn D-Å-sX-¦n ]-e Hm-l-cn-I-fnepw \n-t£-]w A-\p-h-Zn-¨n-«p-Å-Xn Iq-Sp-X-em-Im³ km[y-Xbp≠v.

h-ep-¸¯n-s\m-¸w ^-≠n-sâ \nt£] t]mÀ-«v-t^mfntbm A-\p-k-cn¨pw ^-≠v {]-I-S\w hy-Xy-mk-s¸-Smw. Nn-e X-c-¯nep-Å ^-≠p-IÄ-¡v H-cp ]-cn-[n-bn IqSnb \n-t£-]w In-«n-bm A-Xv ssI-Imcyw sN-¿m³ G-sd _p-²n-ap-«pw.

\nÀ-Zn-ã X-e-¯n-\p- ap-I-fn \n-t£-]w kz-cq-]n-¨p Ign-ªm Nn-e ^-≠p-I-fp-sS \nt£-] X{´w X-s¶ am-tä-≠-Xm-bn-h-cpw. ap-I-fn sIm-Sp-¯Xp-t]m-se an-Uv Iym]v, kv-amÄ Iym-]v ^-≠p-IÄ-¡v C-Xv sN-bv-tX a-Xnbm-Iq. Nn-e {]-tXy-I ta-J-e-bn am{Xw \n-t£-]n¡p-¶ ^-≠p-Ifm-b sk-ÎÀ ^-≠p-IÄ¡pw en-Izn-Unän {]-iv-\-§Ä h-cmw. km-[m-c-W H-cp an-Uv-Iym-]v ^-≠n-te¡v D-bÀ-¶ Xp-I \n-t£-]-§-fnse sam-¯w ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p-¶-^-≠v Im-cy-am-bn Iq-Sn-bm C-t¸mÄ ayq-Nz ^-≠p-IÄ km-[mcW D-bÀ-¶ hn-]-Wn-aq-ey-ap-Å I-¼\n-bn-te-¡v \n-t£-]w am-dp-¶-Xm-bn Im-Wmw. an-Uv Iym-]v A-h-k-c-§Ä Ip-d-bp-¶Xpw \-ãkm[y-X Ip-dbv¡p-¶-Xn-\p-am-Wv C-Xp sN-¿p-¶Xv.


C³jpd³kv

saUns¢bnw

A-dn-tb-≠-sXÃmw

C-³-jp-d³-kv I-¼-\n

sa-Un-¡Â ]cn-tim-[-\

km-[m-c-W-¡mc-s\ kw-_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯m-fw ]-e-t¸mgpw Nn-In-Õm-sN-e-hp-IÄ Xm§m³ I-gn-sª-¶p h-cnÃ. s]-s«-s¶m-cp A-kp-Jw h-¶m A-Xp-h-sc-bp-Å k-¼mZy-saÃmw A-Xn ap-§n-t¸m-Ip-¶ A-h-Øbpw D-≠m-Im-dp≠v. Cu-sbm-cp km-l-N-cy¯n-em-Wv sa-Un-s¢bnw t]m-epÅ t]m-fn-kn-I-fp-sS {]m-[m-\y-ta-dp-¶-Xv....

]²-Xn ]p-Xp-¡Â

C³-jp-d-³-kv Xp-I

{]o-anbw

tdm-b kp-µ-cw

50 h-b-Ên-\p ap-I-fn \nÀ-_-Ôw

70 hb-Êv h-sc

400000

5394

sd-en-sK-bÀ ÌmÀ slÂ-¯v C^vtIm tSm¡n-tbm F-¨vUnF-^vkn FÀtKm FÂ&än C³-jp-d³kv Sm-äm FsFPn

45 h-b-Ên-\p ap-I-fn \nÀ-_Ôw 50 h-b-Ên-\p ap-I-fn \nÀ-_-Ôw 80 hb-Êv hsc 65 hb-Êv h-sc B-bp-jv-Im-ew 50 h-b-Ên-\p ap-I-fn \nÀ-_-Ôw/ C³-jp-d³-kv XpI 5 e-£-¯n-\p ap-I-fnÂ

B-bp-jv-Im-ew 75 hb-Êv h-sc

400000 400000 400000 400000 400000 400000

5804 5854 6117 6233 5288 6277

Zn Hm-dn-sbâ \m-j-W C³-jp-d³kv bp-ssWä-Uv C-´y C³-jp-d³kv

45 h-b-Ên-\p ap-I-fn \nÀ-_Ôw 90 hb-Êv h-sc, hy-h-Ø-IÄ _m-[-Iw 45 h-b-Ên-\p ap-I-fn \nÀ-_-Ôw

B-bp-jv-Im-ew

400000 400000 400000

5,774 6821 7304

H ]n hnt\m-ZvIp-amÀ

k -t´m-j-I-c-am-b Po-hn-X-¯n-\v B-tcmKyw {] [m-\ L-S-I-amWv. ]-s≠m-s¡ tcm-K-§Ä s]m-Xpth

Ip-d-hm-bn-cp¶p. F-¶m B-fp-I-fp-sS PohnXssi-en am-dn-b-tXm-sS tcm-K-§fpw s]-cp-In. C-§s\-sbm-s¡bp-Å am-ä-§Ä kw-`-hn-¨-t¸mÄ B-fp-IÄ tcm-K-§Ä¡v A-Sn-a-s¸-Sp¶-Xv hÀ-²n-¨p. Nn-InÂ-km kw-hn-[m-\-§Ä sa-¨-s¸-s«-¦n-epw, B-ip-]{Xn sN-e-hp-IÄ ]-e-aS-§v hÀ²n¨p. A-Xp-sIm-≠p X-s¶ H-cp tcm-Kw h-¶m A-{] -Xo-£n-X-am-bn D-≠m-Ip-¶ sN-e-hp-IÄ t\-cn-Sm³ k-Öcm-tI-≠n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. C¶-s¯ Ime¯v G-sd k-lm-bI-am-Ip¶Xv sa-Un-s¢bnw t]m-epÅ t]m-fn-kn-I-fm-Wv. F-¶m C¯-cw t]m-fn-kn-IÄ kw-_-Ôn-¨p-Å kw-ib-§Ä ]-e-cp-sSbpw a-\-kn-ep≠v. Nn-InÂ-k-bv-¡v F-{X Xp-I-bm-bmepw I¼-\n A-Xp h-ln¡p-tam? sa-Un-s¢bnw F-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ F-s´m-s¡ Im-cy-§Ä {i-²n¡Ww ? A¯-cw Im-cy-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨p a-\-kn-em-¡mw.

54

B-bp-jv-Im-ew

80 hb-Êv h-sc

Hmtcm B-fn-sâbpw B-h-iy-a-\pk-cn-¨v \n-ch-[n B-tcm-Ky C³-jp-d³kv ]-²-Xn-IÄ C-¶v hn-]-Wn-bn-ep-≠v. H-cp hy-àn-t¡m, Ip-Spw-_¯nt\m C¯-cw ]-²-Xn-bn tN-cmw. {]o-an-bw Xp-I A-S-¨m a-Xn-bm-Ipw. F-{X XpIbv¡mtWm C³-jp-d³-kv tN-cp¶-Xv A-Xn-\-\p-k-cn-¨pÅ Nn-InÂ-km sNehp-IÄ C³-jp-d³-kv I-¼-\n-IÄ h-ln¡pw. F-¶m an-I-s¨m-cp t]m-fn-kn I-s≠-¯p-I-bm-Wv B-Zy-s¯ I-S¼. Hm-tcm-cp-¯À¡pw th-≠ Nn-InÂ-km ku-I-cy-a-\p-k-cn-¨v sa-Un-s¢bnw ]-²-Xn-IÄ sXc-sª-Sp-¡mw. kuI-cy-§Ä Iq-Spw-tXmdpw {]o-an-bhpw Iq-Spw. ]e t]m-fn-kn-IÄ X-½n Xmc-Xayw sN-bv-Xv \-½p-sS km-¼¯n-I \n-ebpw B-h-iy-§fpw ]-cn-K-Wn-¨p th-Ww sX-c-sª-Sp-¡p-hm³. FÃm

]-²-Xn-bp-sSbpw Kp-W-§fpw k-hn-tij-X-Ifpw hm-bn-¨p a-\-kn-em-¡Ww. ]-c-amh-[n hn-i-Zm-wi-§Ä C-¶v e-`yamWv. Kp-W-ta-·bp-ÅXpw ]-c-amh-[n {]-tbm-P-\-§Ä In-«p-¶-Xpam-b ]-²-XnIÄ sXc-sª-Sp¡p-I h-gn Nn-InÂkmk-a-b¯v D-≠m-Im-hp-¶ {]-iv-\§Ä H-gn-hm-¡mw. hy-àn-KX t]m-fn-knbpw Ip-Spw_ t]m-fn-kn-bp-ap-≠v. Ip-Spw_ t]mfn-kn F-Sp-¯m Ip-Spw-_-\mYt\m ap-XnÀ-¶ Aw-K¯nt\m \nÝnX h-b-kv ]qÀ-¯n-bm-bm t]m-fn-kn \nÀ-¯-em-Ipw. _m-¡n-bp-Å Ip-Spw-_mw-K-§Ä-¡v t]m-fn-kn Xp-SÀ¶psIm-≠v t]m-Im³ km-[n-¡nÃ. {] [m-\ B-fn-\v ac-Ww kw-`-hn-¨mepw C-tXIm-cyw _m-[-I-amWv. {]o-an-bw am{Xw t\m-¡n \n-t£-]w \-S-¯-cpXv. I-h-tdPpw I-¼-\n-bp-sS tk-h-\co-Xnbpw ap³-Iq-«n a-\-kn-em-¡n-bn-cn-¡Ww. ]-e-t¸mgpw tk-h-\-§Ä-¡v Xm-a-kw D-≠m-Ip-¶ kw-`-h-§Ä D-≠m-Im-dp≠v. t]m-fn-kn-bn tNÀ-¶ti-jw H-cp sh-bv-änMv Im-emh-[n I-gn-ªp- am-{Xam-Wv I-h-td-Pv e-`n-¡p-I. C-Xv F-{X \m-fp-IÄ -B-sW-¶v ]cn-tim[n-¡Ww. t]m-fn-kn t{_m-j-dn sIm-Sp-¯n-«p-Å kv-Io-an-sâ ap-gp-h³ \n-_-Ô-\-Ifpw hm-bn-¨p a-\-kn-em-¡p-Ibpw th-Ww. H-cm-fn-sâ hy-àn-K-X B-tcm-Ky\n-e a\-kn-em-¡n-bm-Wv t]m-fn-kn sXc-sªSp-t¡-≠Xv. \-½p-sS kv-t\-ln-X-tcm, A-b¡m-tcm, _-Ôp-¡-tfm, a-äm-fpItfm ]-d-ªpX-cp¶ t]m-fn-kn-IÄ \-ap-¡v A\p-tbm-Py-amb-Xv B-I-W-sa¶nÃ. Hmtcm hy-àn-bp-sSbpw B-tcmKy B-h-iy-§Ä hy-Xym-k-s¸-Smw. A-{]-Xo-£n-X-am-bn-«m-Wv ]-e-t¸mgpw tcm-K-§Ä D-≠m-hp-I. A-Xp-sIm-≠v F-t¸mgpw C-Xn-\p ap³-Iq-«n X-¿m-sd-Sp-¡p-I. \-½p-sS kz-´-¡mcm-b B-fp-IÄ¡v A-kpJw h¶m G-ähpw \à Nn-InÂ-k \Â-I-W-sa-¶m-Wv \m-w B{K-ln-¡p-I. H-cp \à B-tcm-Ky-kw-cw-£W t]m-fnkn F-Sp-¯p-I-gn-ªm Nn-InÕbv-¡v ]-W-anà F-¶- Imcy-tamÀ¯v Po-hn-X¯n H-cn-¡epw Zp-Jn-t¡-≠n-h-cnÃ.


C³Ukv{Sn t^m¡kv

\jvS-§-fpsS kpPojv sI Fkv

c≠v e-£-¯n-e-[n-I-w t]À {]Xy-£-ambpw, A-Xn-en-c-«n t]À ]-tcm-£-am-bpw sXmgn sN-¿p-¶ ta-J-e-bm-Wv tI-c-f-¯nse kzImcy _kv hyhkm-bw. F¶m km[m-c-W-¡m-cpsS k©m-c-amÀ¤-amb kzIm-cy _-kp-IÄ C¶p \nc-¯p-IÄ Hgn-bp-I-bm-Wv. sIFkvBÀSnknbpsS IS¶pIbäw, hnZymÀ°n I¬kj³, aäp bm{Xm-amÀ¤§Ä. A§s\ kzIm-cy-_kv hyh-kmbw Zpcn-X-¯n-te¡p hgn-am-dp-¶-Xnsâ Imc-W§Ä A\-h-[n. A-Sn-¡-Sn hÀ²n¨p-sIm ≠-n-cn-¡p-¶ C-Ô-\hn-e Iq-Sn-bm-Ip-t¼mÄ kw-Øm-\s¯ kzImcy cwKs¯ Gähpw henbsXmgn taJ-e- I-Sp-¯ {]-Xn-kÔn-bp-sS dq-«n-eq-sS-bmWv Hm-Sp-¶-sX-¶v ]-d-bmw. 2006 34,000 kzImcy _kp-IÄ kw-Øm\¯v kÀÆokv \S¯nbncp-¶psh-¦n C-¶-Xv 16000 B-bn Np-cp-§n. Cu I-W-¡p-IÄ kzImcy _kv hyh-km-b-¯nsâ X-IÀ-¨ hy-à-am-¡p¶p. tI-c-f J-P\m-hn-te-¡v \n-Ip-Xn-bn-\-¯nepw s]À-an-äv C-\-¯n-epw a-äp-am-bn D-bÀ-¶ km-¼-¯n-Iw \Â-Ip-¶ ss{]h-äv _-kv hy-h-kmb-w A-`nap-Jo-I-cn-¡p-¶ {]-iv-\-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw Cu hy-h-kmb-s¯ Iq-SpX DWÀ-thm-sS ]p-\-cp-Öo-hn-¸n-t¡-≠-Xn-s\-¡p-dn¨pw NÀ-¨ sN-¿p-I-bmWv F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf... 56

tI -c-f-¯n-se kz-Im-cy _-kv ta-J-e Hcp kz-bw sXm-gn ta-J-e-bm-sW-¶p hn-tijn-¸n-¡mw. s]m-Xp-P-\

a-[y-¯n Cu hy-h-km-b-¯n-\v kzm-[o-\w ]n-Sn-¨p ]-äm³ I-gn-ªp-sh-¶-sXm-gn-¨m Cu hy-h-km-b-¯n C-¶v \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶ A-\n-Ýn-X-Xz-s¯-¡p-dn-¨v Bcpw Nn-´n-¡m-dnÃ. hcp-am-\-¯n-\-\p-k-cn¨v apt¶m-«p -t]m-Im³ Ign-bmsX h¶m H-cp hy-h-km-b-¯n \pw ]n-Sn-¨p \nÂ-¡phm³ km-[n¡nà F¶-Xn-sâ G-ä hpw hen-b D-Zm-l-c-WamWvv kz-Im-cy _-kv hy-h-km-bw. a-säm-cn-¡-epw D-≠m-bn-«nÃm-¯-hn-[w sN-e-hn-se A-an-X hÀ-²\hv Cu hy-h-km-bs¯ \m-i-¯n-te-¡v \bn-¡p¶p. Cu {]-iv-\-§-Ä¡v ]-cn-lm-cw Im-Wp-¶-Xn-\v ] I-cw am-dn-am-dn h-cp-¶ kÀ-¡m-cp-IÄ Iq-Sp-X I-cn-\n-ba-§fpw t\m-«n-^n-t¡-j-\p-Ifpw Cd-¡n hy-h-kmb-s¯ \m-i-¯n-te-¡v \-bn-¡p-I-bm-sW-¶mWv tI-c-f kv-tä-äv ss{]h-äv _kv Hm-¸-td-tä-gv-kv s^-U-td-j-sâ A-`n-{]m bw. hy-hkm-bhÂ-¡-c-W-¯n-eq-sS sXm-gn ta-J-e hn-]p-e-s¸-Sp-¯m³ th≠n kz-Im-cy ap-XÂ-ap-S-¡n-sâ ]-¦m-fn-¯w D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶ Cu Im-e-L-«-¯n P-\-§-fp-sS {][m-\ bm-{Xm-am-[y-aw F-¶ \n-e-bn kw-Øm-\-s¯ 80 i-X-am-\w km-[m-c-W P-\-§Ä¡pw hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ¡pw bm-{Xm-ku-Icyw H-cp¡n-sIm-Sp¡p-¶- kz-Im-cy _-kv hy-h-kmb-s¯ A--h-K-Wn-¡p¶-Xn-sâ s]m-cp-sf-´m-sW-¶v a-\-kn-em-Ip-¶n-söpw ChÀ Iq-«n-t¨À-¡p-¶p.

sN-e-hn-ep≠-m-Ip-¶

hÀ-²\hv

s]mXp-K-Xm-K-X cwK-¯v hen-b kw-`m-h-\ \Â-Ip-¶ kz-Im-cy _-kp-I-fp-sS h-cp-am-\-¯n-sâ A³]-Xv i-Xam-\-¯n-e-[n-Ihpw Uo-k hm-§p-¶-Xn-\m-Wv sN-e-hgn-¡p-¶Xv. A-Sn¡-Sn D≠-m-bn-s¡m-≠-n-cn-¡p-¶ Uo-k hn-e hÀ-²\hv Cu hy-h-km-b-¯n-sâ A-Sn-¯-d C-f-¡pI-bm-Wv. Uo-k-en-sâ sk-bn Sm-Iv-kv ]qÀ-®ambpw

H-gn-hm-¡-W-sa-¶ _-kp-S-a-I-fp-sS B-hiyw C-Xph-sc Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡-s¸-«n-«nÃ. C-¶v Uo-k-en-\v 20 i-X-am-\w sk-bn Sm-Iv-kmWv Cu-Sm-¡p-¶Xv. A-Xmb-Xv Hcp en-äÀ Uo-k-en-sâ hn-e-bn 11 cq-]-tbm-fw sk-bn Sm-Iv-km-bn \Â-tI≠-n h-cp-¶p-≠-v. tI-{µ kÀ-¡mÀ Uo-k-ensâ hn-e \n-b-{´-Wm-h-Im-iw F-®-¡-¼-\n-IÄ¡v hn«p-sIm-Sp¯-Xv h-gn am-kwtXmdpw Uo-k hn-e hÀ-²n¡p-¶-Xn\p ]pd-ta I-gn-ª G-{]n H-¶p ap-X tXÀ-Uv ]mÀ-«n C³-jp-d³-kv {]o-an-b-¯n sF-BÀ-UnF 20 i-X-am-\w hÀ-²\-hv h-cp-¯n-bXpw Cu hy-h-kmb-¯n-\v C-cp-«-Sn-bm-bn. I-gn-ª aq-¶v hÀ-j-§-fm-bn C³-jp-d³-kv {]o-anb-¯n 300 i-X-am-\w hÀ-²-\-hm-Wv D-≠m-b-Xv. Hcp h≠-n-¡v 80 en-äÀ Uo-kÂh-sc Zn-htk-\ Bh-iy-ap≠v. Uo-k hn-e hÀ-²-\-hn-t\m-sSm-¸w FÃm I-¼-\n-Ifpw kv-s]-bÀ-]m-ÀSv-kv hn-e 5 ap-X 15 i-X-am-\w h-sc Iq«p-I-bm-Wv. S-bÀ hne 10000 D≠-m-b Ø-e-¯v 16000 cq-]-bm-bn. 140 cq-]-bp≠-m-bn-cp-¶ Hm-bn-en-\v C-t¸mÄ 200 cq-]-b-mWv hne. 20 In-tem-ao-äÀ h-cp-¶ sNdn-b dq-«n-temSp-¶ _-kn\v, Zn-h-tk-\ 1200 cq-]h-sc sNe-hv h-cp¶p≠-v. tdm-Up-I-fp-sS ]-cn-Xm-]-I-camb A-h-Ø Iq-Sn-bm-b-t¸mÄ sNe-hv hÀ-²n¡p-I-bm-Wv. C-Xn-s\Ãmw ]p-d-sa-bm-Wv \n-Ip-Xn hy-h-Ø-bn-se {]-iv-\-§Ä. \-½p-sS cm-Py-s¯ \n-Ip-Xn L-S-\ ]cn-tim-[n-¨m ap³-IqÀ \n-Ip-Xn A-S-¡p-¶ k-{¼-Zm-bw tam-t«mÀ hm-l\ \n-Ip-Xn A-Sbv-¡p-¶-Xn am-{X-ta-bpÅp. C-Xn-\m h-cm³ t]m-Ip-¶ H-cp Im-e-L-«-¯n-te-¡v kÀ-ho-kv \-S-¯m³ I-gnbp-tam-sb-¶v bm-sXm-cp D-d-¸p-anÃm-sX ap³-IqÀ \n-Ip-Xn A-S-bv¡p-hm³ _kp-S-a-IÄ \nÀ-_Ôn-¡-s¸-Sp-I-bm-Wv. ap³-]v tÌ-Pv Iym-tc-Pp-IÄ-¡v {]mb-]-cn-[n GÀ-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cp-¶nÃ. F-¶m A-]-I-S-§Ä Ip-dbv¡p-I F-¶ D-t±-iy-t¯m-sSbmWv tÌPv Iym-tcPp-IÄ-¡v {]m-b-]-cn-[n 15 h-À-j-am-¡n-bXv. C¶-s¯ km-l-N-cy-¯n 210000 t¯m-fw cq-]-bm-Wv H-cp _-kv \n-c-¯n-en-d-¡p-¶-Xn-\v sNe-hph-cp-¶Xv. Cu ap-S-¡p-apX 15 hÀ-jw sIm≠v t\Sn-sbSp¡p-I-sb¶-Xv hf-sc _p-²n-ap-«p-Å Im-cy-am-Wv.


Uo-k-en-sâ sk-bn Sm-Iv-kv ]qÀ-®ambpw H-gn-hm-¡-Ww {]-hÀ-¯-\ sN-e-hn-\v B-\p-]m-Xn-I-am-bn h-cpam-\w hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\v H-cp Øn-cw kw-hn[m-\w \-S-¸n-em-¡p-I. s]m-Xp-ta-J-e-sbbpw kz-Im-cy ta-J-e-sbbpw H-cp t]m-se kw-c-£n-¡p-¶ X-c-¯n H-cp K-Xm-K-X \-bw cq-]o-I-cn-¡p-I. kz-Im-cy _-kv ta-Je-sb H-cp hy-h-km-b-am-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡p-I. hn-ZymÀ-°n-I-fp-sS bm-{Xm-\nc-¡v Im-tem-Nn-Xam-bn ]-cn-jv-I-cn-¡p-Ibpw I¬-k-j³ k-{¼-Zmbw kz-Im-cy _-kp-I-fn-te-Xv t]m-se sI-F-kvBÀSn-kn-bnepw \-S-¸n-em-¡pI. tÌ-Pv Iym-tc-Pp-I-fp-sS tdm-Uv Sm-Iv-kv A-S-bv¡p-hm-\p-Å t{K-äv ]o-co-Uv 45 Znh-kw F¶pÅXv IzmÀ-«À A-h-km-\w h-sc-bm-bn \n-P-s¸-Sp¯p-I. tÌPv Iym-tc-Pp-I-fp-sS {]m-b-]-cn-[n 15 hÀj-¯n \n-¶pw 20 hÀ-j-am-bn ]p-\À\nÀ-®bn¡pI C -- -t¸mÄ hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ-¡v ku-P-\y-bm-{X-bv-¡v

sI-F-kv-BÀ-Sn-kn _-kp-I-fp-sS

I-S-¶p-Ibäw

kz-Im-cy_-k-pIÄ kÀhokv \S¯p-¶ ta-Je-I-fn sI-F-kv-BÀ-Sn-kn _-kp-I-Ä kÀ-ho-kv \-S-¯p¶-Xv kz-Im-cy_-kv hy-h-kmb-s¯ ]n-t¶m«-Sn-¸n-¡p-I-bmWv. ka-b-{Iaw ]men-¡m-¯-Xn-\m B-tcm-Ky-]-cam-b a-Õcw-t]mepw km-[yaÃ. C-¡m-c-W¯m C-¶v ]-e kz-Im-cy _-kp-S-a-Ifpw A-h-cp-sS s] À-an-äp-IÄ k-d≠-À sN-bv-Xv cw-Kw hn-Sp-I-bmWv. kz-Im-cy _-kp-I-fp-sS s]À-an-äp-IÄ ]p-Xp-¡p-¶ k-ab-¯v sIF-kv-BÀ-Sn-kn F-XnÀ-¸n-s\ Xp-SÀ¶v s]À-an-äpIÄ X-Sbp-¶ \-S-]-Sn-bpw Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡p-hm³ km-[n-¡m-¯XmWv. C-Xp-sIm≠-v am{Xw kw-Øm\-¯v \q-dv I-W-¡n-\v _-kp-S-a-IÄ sXm-gn \-ã-s¸-«v h-gnbm-[m-c-am-bn I-gn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p-sh-¶v tI-c-f kv-tä-äv ss{]h-äv _kv Hm-¸-tdtä-gv-kv s^-U-td-j-³ sk{I-«dn temtemd³kv _m_p d³-kv _m-_p hy-à-am-¡p-¶p.

taJebmb kzImcy _kv hyh-kmb¯n tPmen ØncXbnÃm-¯-Xn-\m sXmgnemfnIsf e`n¡p¶nÃ. aäv ta-J-e-I-fn-se-t¸m-se A-\y-kw-Øm-\-¡msc-s¡m-≠v ]-Wn-sb-Sp-¸n-¡m³ _-kv hy-h-km-b-¯n km-[n-¡p-I-bnÃ. AXp-sIm-≠pXs¶ Cu sXm-gn ta-J-e-bp-sS \-ho-I-c-W-¯n-\v B-h-iyam-b \-S-]-Sn-IÄ kzo-I-cn-t¡-≠n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p.

]mfn-t¸mb

\S-]-Sn-IÄ X-IÀ-¨-bn-te-¡v \o-§n-s¡m-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ kz-Im-cy _-kv hy-h-kmb-s¯ c-£n-¡-W-sa-¦n {]-hÀ-¯-\ sN-e-hn-\v B-\p-]m-Xn-I-am-bn h-cp-am-\w D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯-¡ \n-e-bn \-b-cq-]o-I-c-W-am-Wv th-≠-Xv. _-Êp-S-a-I-fp-sS Cu B-hiyw kÀ-¡mÀ Aw-Ko-Icn-¡p-Ibpw P-Ìn-kv Fw cm-a-N{µ³ A-[y-£-\m-bp-Å I-½n-än-¡v cq-]w \Â-Ip-I-bp-ap-≠mbn. F-¶m Cu

A-\p-h-Zn-¨n-«p-Å 40 In-tem-ao-äÀ ssZÀ-Lyw 10 In-tem-ao-ä-dm-bn ]p-Xp-¡n \n-Ý-bn-¡pI.- I¬k-j³ C-\-¯n-epÅ \-ãw k-_v-kn-Un \ÂIn ]-cn-l-cn-¡pI. _-Êp-S-a-IÄ-¡v t£-a-\n-[nbpw s]³-j³ k-{¼-Zm-bhpw GÀ-s¸-Sp-¯-Ww. kw-Øm\-¯v sj-bÀ Sm-Iv-kn kw-hn-[m-\w \-S-¸m-¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bp-Å \-S-]-Sn-IÄ \n-dp-¯nhbv-¡p-I. t\m-«n-^n-t¡-j-\p-Ifpw I-cn-\n-b-a-§fpw Cd¡n hy-h-kmb-s¯ \m-i-¯n-te-¡v \-bn-¡p-¶ \-S]-Sn A-h-km-\n-¸n-¡pI. hn-I-emw-KÀ-¡m-bn A-\p-h-Zn-¨n-«pn-Å ko-äp-IÄ-¡v tdm-Uv Sm-Iv-kv A-S-¡p¶-Xv Hgn-hm¡p-I tam-t«mÀhm-l-\ t£-a-\n-[n hn-ln-Xw hml-\sam-¶n-\v H-cp \nÝn-X Xp-I \n-Ý-bn-¨v \-S-¸nem-¡p-I. tZ-i-km-XvIr-X dq-«p-I-fn sI-F-kv-BÀ-Snkn-¡v A-\p-h-Zn-¡p¶ s]À-an-äp-IÄ-¡v ssSw tIm¬-^-d³-kv \S-¯n ssSw sj-UyqÄ \n-Ýbn-¨v \Â-Ip-I.

I-½n-än H-cp D-]-tZ-i-I k-an-Xn-bm-bn am-dpIbm-b-n-cp-¶p. {]-Xo-£n-¨ ^-ehpw D-≠m-bnÃ. UokÂ, kv-s]-bÀ ]mÀ-Svkv, SbÀ, Syq-_v, eq-{_n-¡â v-kv, sXm-gn-em-fn-IfpsS th-X\w, C³-jp-d³-kv {]o-an-bw F-¶n-h-bn-ep-≠mIp-¶ hÀ-²\-hv I-W-¡n-se-Sp-¯v {]-hÀ-¯-\ sN-e-hn-\v B-\p-]m-Xn-I-am-bn _-kv NmÀ-Öv hÀ-²n-¸n¡m-\p-Å ]qÀ-® A-[n-Im-cw P-Ìn-kv Fw cm-a-N-{µ³ I-½oj-\v \Â-I-W-sa¶pw _-kv NmÀ-Öv hÀ-²-\hn\pth≠-n a-äv kw-Øm-\-§fn-sem¶pw D-≠mIm-¯ ka-cw tI-c-f-¯n \-S-t¯-≠nh-cp¶ A-h-Ø H-gn-hm-¡-W-sa¶pw _-kp-S-a-IÄ kÀ-¡mcn-t\m-Sv \nch-[n X-h-W B-h-iy-s¸-«n-cp-s¶-¦n-epw C-Xph-sc H-cp \o¡p-t]m-¡p-ap-≠m-bn-«nÃ. \n-ch-[nt]À sXm-gn-se-Sp¡p-¶ hen-sbm-cp hy-hkm-b cw-Kw \ne\n-¶pt]m-I-Wsa-¶ \nÀ_-Ôw kÀ-¡mcnt\m A-[nIm-c tI-{µ-§-fn-ep-Åh -- Àt¡m CÃ. F§s\ Cu hy-h-kmb-s¯ \-in-¸n-¡m-sa-¶ Nn-´-bm-Wn-hÀ-¡p-Å-sX¶pw k-Xy³ hy-à-am-¡p-¶p.

ku-P-\y-§Ä A-Sn-t¨Â-¸n-¡p-¶ taJ-e

a-säm-cp hy-hkm-b ta-J-e-bn-ep-anÃm-¯ ku-P-\y§Ä A-Sn-t¨Â-¸n-¡-s¸-« ta-J-e-bm-Wv kz-Im-cy _-kv kÀ-Æo-kpIÄ. H-cp kz-Im-cy _-kn-se bm-{X-¡m-cn 40 i-X-am-\-¯n-e-[n-Iw h-cp-¶ hn-ZymÀ-°n-I-fp-sS bm{Xm-\n-c-¡n-ep-Å K-Wyam-b Cfhv Cu hy-h-km-b-¯nsâ \m-i-¯n-\v ap-Jy-Im-c-WamWv. hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ-¡v G-Xv ¢m-kv h-sc ku-P\yw A-\p-h-Zn-¡-W-sat¶m G-Xv {]m-bw h-sc ku-P\yw thW-sat¶m H-cp \n-_Ô-\bpw C-hn-sS-bnÃ. am-{X-hpaÃ, ku-P-\y-bm-{X-bp-sS F-®w {I-am-Xo-X-am-bn hÀ-²n¨p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-I-bpw sN-¿p-¶p. s]m-Xp-taJ-em Øm-]-\am-b sI-F-kv-BÀSn-kn-bn H-cp hn-ZymÀ-°n-¡v ap³-IqÀ ]-Ww hm-§n H-cp am-kw A-\p-h-Zn-¨n-«p-Å-Xv 50 bm-{X-IÄ am-{X-amWv. hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ-¡v kz-Im-cy _-kp-I-fn-te-Xp-t]mse A-¸-t¸mÄ ]-Ww \-Â-In sI-F-kv-BÀ-Sn-kn-bn A-hk-c-sam-cp-¡m-¯-Xn-sâ s] m-cp-sf-´m-sW-¶v a-\-kn-em-Ip-¶n-söpw hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ-¡v I¬-k-j³ \Â-Ip-I-sb¶-Xv kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ _m-[yX-bm-sW¶pw tI-c-f tÌ-äv ss{]h-äv _kv Hm-¸-td-tä-gv-kv s^-Utd-j³ {]-knUâ v Fw _n k-Xy³ Fw _n k-Xy³ ]-d-bp-¶p.

sXm-gn-em-fn£maw kzImcy taJebnse Gähpw henb sXmgnÂ

57


Sqdnkw

hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡m-¯ hn-t\m-Ze£van \mcm-b-W³

tIc-f-¯n-sâ hn-t\m-Z-k©m-c ta-J-e-bv-¡p h-cp-am-\w t\-Sn-¯-cp-¶-Xn ]u-cmWn-I k-ap-¨-b-§Ä Im-cyam-b ]-¦p-h-ln-¨n-«p≠v. hm-kv-Xp-hn-Zybpw inÂ-¸-Nm-c-pX-bpw sIm¯p-]-Wn-bp-sam-s¡ H-¯n-W§n-b-h-bm-Wv C¯cw \nÀ-½n-XnIÄ. Cu ]u-cmWn-I k-ap-¨-b§-sf kw-c-£n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pw, hnt\m-Z k-©m-c-¯n ]p-Xn-sbm-cp ta-J-e Xp-d-¡p-¶-Xn\pw A-Xph-gn h-cp-am-\-¯nsâ amÀ-Kw sX-fn-bp¶-Xn-\p-am-bn B-cw-`n-¨ hn-t\m-Z-k©m-c ]-²-Xn-bm-Wv Kr-l-Øen. F-¶m ]²-Xn B-cw-`n-¨p ]-Xn\-©p hÀj-am-Ip-t¼mgpw Kr-l-Ø-en Im-cyam-b N-e\-§-fp-≠m-¡n-bn-«nÃ. e-£y-¯n-se-¯m³ I-gn-bm-sX t]m-b Kr-lØ-en ]-²-Xn-sb-¡pdn-¨v... ]mgv-hm-¡m-bn Kr-l-Ø-en hn-t\m-Z-k©m-c cwK-¯v tI-c-f-¯n-\v [m-cm-fw A-hk-c-§-fp-≠v. A-Xp i-cnbm-b hn-[w hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡m-¯Xm-Wv Cu cwK-s¯ hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v X-S-bn-Sp-¶-sX-¶ hm-Z-§Ä A-c-¡n-«v D-d-¸n-¡p-¶ H-cp ]²-Xn IqSn, Kr-lØ-en. hn-t\m-Z k©m-c h-Ip-¸n-\p Io-gn-se ]u-cmWnI Kr-l-kw-cw-£-W ]-²-Xn-bm-Wv Kr-l-Ø-en-. G-sd km-[y-X-I-fp-Å Cu ]-²-Xn-bp-sS ]-cm-P-b-¯n-sâ k-¼qÀ-W Imc-Ww, ]-Xnhp-t]mse Sq-dn-kw h-Ip-¸n-sâ

58

A-\m-Ø am-{X-am-sW-¶p ]-d-bm-\m-hnÃ. Kr-l-Ø-en-bpsS km[y-X I-≠-dn-bm-¯ P-\-§-fpw Xp-ey-D-¯-c-hm-ZnI-fmWv. ssZ-h-¯n-sâ kz-´w \m-Sv A-d-_vþ]m-Ým-Xy P-\-X-bv¡p ap-¶n X-e-bp-bÀ-¯n \nÂ-¡p-¶-Xn-sâ {][m-\ Imc-Ww C-hn-Sp-s¯ ]u-cmWn-I Kr-l-§-fpw, hm-kv-Xphn-Zy-bpw, sIm-¯p-]-Wn-bp-sS inÂ-]-Nm-cp-Xbpsam-s¡-bmWv. kmw-kv-Im-cn-I-am-bn ]p-dwtem-I-¯n-\p ap-¶n tIcf-s¯ D-bÀ-¶ X-e-¯n-se-¯n-¡m³ Cu ]u-cmWnI k-ap-¨-b-§Ä-¡m-bn-«p≠v. F-¶m Im-e-¸g-¡w sIm-≠pw, taÂ-t\m-«-¡pd-hv sIm≠pw \m-i-¯n-te-¡v \-S-¶-Sp-¡p-¶ ]u-cmWn-I sI-«n-S§-sf kw-c£n-¡p¶-Xn-\m-bn, 1998  sIm«n-tLm-jn-¨v B-hn-jv-I-cn-¨ ]-²-Xn-bm-Wv Kr-l-Ø-en. 1986 H-cp hy-h-km-b-am-bn hn-t\m-Z k-©m-ccwK-s¯ am-än-b-Xn-s\ ]n´p-SÀ¶v, Cu cwK-¯v s]m-Xpþkz-Im-cy ta-J-e-I-fp-sS kw-bp-à k-lIc-Ww D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯n B-cw-`n-¨ Kr-lØen ]-²-Xn-¡v th≠-{X {]-Xn-Ic-Ww e-`n-¨n-«nÃ. 2008\p tijw tI-hew 20 t{]m-P-Îp-IÄ am-{X-ta Kr-lØ-en G-sä-Sp-¯n«pÅq. F-hn-sS-bmWv Cu ]-²-Xn-¡v Im-en-S-dn-bXv?

F-´m-Wv Kr-lØen? A-¼-Xn-te-sd hÀ-j-§-fp-sS ]-g-¡-ap-Å ]u-cmWn-I Kr-l§Ä, tIm-hn-e-I§Ä, a-\-IÄ, CÃ-§Ä Xp-S§n-b-h hn-t\m-Z k-©m-c-h-Ip-¸n-sâ ]-¦m-fn-¯-t¯msS G-sä-Sp-¡p-¶ ]-²-Xn-bm-Wv Kr-l-Ø-en. ]p-cm-X-\ B-Vw-_-c-§-fp-sSbpw inÂ-¸-ssh-Z-Kv-[y-¯n-sâbpw D-Zm-l-c-Wam-b C-¯-c k-ap-¨-b§Ä G-sä-Sp-¯v, AXym-[p\n-I ku-I-cy-§Ä tImÀ-¯n-W-¡n-, hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-IÄ¡v tlmw kv-tä X-e-¯n Xm-a-khpw a-äv Im-gv-Nm ku-I-cy-§fpw H-cp-¡p-¶ ]-²-Xn-bm-Wv Kr-l-Ø-en. `-£Ww, Xma-kw F¶n-h \Â-Ip-¶-Xn-\mbn hn-t\m-Z-k-©m-cn-I-fn \n¶pw H-cp \nÝn-X Xp-I Cu-Sm-¡p¶p. A-Xn-eq-sS sI-«n-S-¯n-sâ A-h-Im-in-IÄ¡v H-cp h-cp-am-\-amÀ-Khpw sX-fn-bp¶p. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ B-Nm-c-§fpw cp-Nnssh-hn-[y-§fpw Po-h-nX-co-Xnbpw B-kz-Zn-¨-dn-bm-\m-{K-ln-¡p-¶ hn-t\m-Z-k-©m-cn-I-fm-Wv {]-[m-\-ambpw Kr-l-Ø-en-bn-se-¯p-¶Xv. kw-Ø-m-\-

¯n-sâ hn-t\m-Z-k©m-c hn-I-k-\-¯n ]-¦m-fn-I-fm-Ip¶-Xn-\v ]pdta Cu cw-K-s¯ kw-cw-`-I-cm-Im\pw sI«n-S D-S-a-IÄ-¡m-Ip-¶p F¶-Xv Kr-l-Ø-en-sb hy-Xy-kv-Xam-¡p¶p. sXc-sª-Sp-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ s{]m-P-Îp-IÄ {]m-hÀ¯n-I-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bn kÀ-¡mÀ \nÝn-X Xp-I {Kmâmbn \Â-In h-cp¶p. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ ]u-cm-WnI-X, {]-Ir-Xnku-µ-cyw, kw-kv-Im-cw F¶nh tIm-«w X-«m-sX kw-c£n-¡p-Ibpw A-Xn-eq-sS hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-IÄ-¡p ap-¶n a-e-bm¬a-bp-sS {]u-Vn hn-fn-t¨m-Xp-Ibpw sN¿p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv Kr-l-Øen-sIm-≠v {]-[m-\-ambpw D-t±-in-¡p-¶Xv. D-S-aØ-X-bnep-Å sI-«n-Sw H-cp tlm-«-tem, tlmw-kvtätbm B-¡n-am-äm³ XmÂ-¸cy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-¶n«pw km-¼-¯n-Iw A-\p-h-Zn-¡m-¯ hy-àn-IÄ-¡v A-h-iyam-b ]n´p-W \-Â-In kv-t]m¬-kÀ-am-sc I-s≠-¯p-¶-Xn\pw KrlØ-en k-lm-bn-¡p¶p.

F§-s\ ]-¦m-fn-bmImw? 500 cq]bv-¡v Sq-dn-kw h-Ip-¸n \n¶pw e-`n-¡p-¶ \nÝn-X A-t]-£ sI-«n-S-¯n-sâ D-S-aØ-Xm A-h-Imiw, sem-t¡j³, ¹m³, F³-Pn-\o-b-dp-sS km-£y-]-{Xw, t^m-t«m-{Km-^v F¶n-h k-ln-Xw ]-²-Xn-bp-sS `-c-W¨p-a-X-e-bp-Å PnÃm Sq-dn-kw ta-[m-hn-sb GÂ-¸n-¡p-Ibm-Wv Krl-Ø-en-bp-sS `m-K-am-Ip-¶-Xn-\p-Å B-Zy-] Sn. ]-²-Xn-¡v Aw-Ko-Im-c-am-Ip-¶ ]-£w 25 i-X-am-\w k-_v-knUn-tbm-sS Xp-SÀ-\nÀ½m-W {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡mbn ^-≠v A-\p-h-Zn-¡p¶p. KFC, a-äv kz-Im-cy-_m-¦p-IÄ Xp-S-§n-b-Xn \n¶pw ]-²-Xn-¡m-h-iyamb tem¬ kuI-cy-§fpw e-`n-¡p-¶-XmWv.

F´psIm-≠v {i-²n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶nÃ? kÀ-¡mÀ `m-K-¯p-\n¶pw C-{X-tbsd B-\p-Iqey-§Ä A-\p-h-Zn-¨v sIm-≠p-Å H-cp ]²-Xn hn-t\mZ-k©m-c cwK-¯v A-Sp-¯-Im-e-s¯m¶pw \n-e-hn h-¶n-«nÃ. F-¶n«pw {]-Y-a-Zrãym Cu ]²-Xn XoÀ¯pw ]-cm-P-b-amWv. K-h¬-saâ v k-_v-kn-Un k-a-bm-k-a-b§-fn e-`y-am-Im-¯-Xm-Wv Kr-l-Ø-en-bp-sS `m-K-amIp-¶-Xn \n¶pw P-\-§-sf hn-ap-J-cm-¡p-¶-sX-¶mWv,


Sqdnkw cw-K-¯n-sâ ap-JOm-b am-äm³ I-gn-bp-¶ ]²Xn hn-

t\m-Z k-©m-c-cw-K-¯n-sâ ap-JOm-b am-äm³ I-gn-hp-Å ]-²-Xn-bm-Wv Kr-l-Øen. F-¶m Cu ]-²-Xn-bpsS hn-I-k-\-¯n- {i-² ]-Xn-¸n-¡m³ hn-t\m-Zk©m-c h-Ip-¸n-\m-bn-«nÃ. {_n«o-jp-Im-cp-sS Ime-¯v \nÀ-½n-¨ sI-«nS-§Ä DÄ-s¸-sS \q-äm-≠p-IÄ ]-g-¡-apÅ ]-e sI-«n-S-§fpw h-b-\m-«n-ep≠v. th≠-{X {i-² \Â-In C-h-sbbpw Krl-Ø-en-bp-sS `m-K-am-¡m³ I-gn-ªm tI-c-f-¯n-sâ X\-Xp ]m-c-¼-cy-¯n-sâ ]p-tcm-K-Xn-¡v \n-Zm-\-am-Ipw. k-co-jv Sn sI,

h-b-\m-Sv Sq-dn-kw tImÀ-Un-t\-äÀ

]²-Xn \à co-Xn-bn ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Ip-¶p-≠v. F-¶m C-t¸mÄ hn-]peoI-c-W {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä H-¶pwX-s¶ A-P-≠-bn-enÃ. A-t]-£ k-aÀ-¸n-¨ sI-«n-S-§-fpsS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä \-S¶psIm-≠n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv.v kztZ-i hntZ-i hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-I-fn \n¶pw ]-²Xn¡v \à {]-Xn-Ic-Ww e-`n-¡p-¶p≠v. F-¶m ]pXn-b A-t]-£-IÄ H-¶pw Xs¶ Cu hÀ-jw e-`n-¨n-«nÃ. kn sI s]m-¶-¸³,

tPm-bnâ v U-b-d-ÎÀ, DTPC, Fd-Wm-Ip-fw

-k©m-c ]²Xn

{]-Nmc-Ww \Â-In-bm am-{X-ta KrlØ-en ]²Xn ^-e-{]-Z-am-Ip-I-bpÅq. ]m-e-¡m-Sv H-cp {][m-\ hn-t\m-Z k-©mc-tI-{µ-aÃm-Xn-cp-¶n-«v Iq-Sn {]-Xn-hÀ-jw \q-dp-I-W-¡n-\m-fpI-sf C-t§m-«m-IÀ-jn¡m³ I-gn-bp-¶Xv, a-\-bp-sS inÂ-¸Nmcp-X-bpw, ]m-c-¼-cyhpw sIm-≠mWv. C-Xn 99 i-X-am-\hpw UK, USA, PÀ½\n Xp-S§n-b \m-Sp-I-fn \n-¶p-Å

hn-tZ-io-b-cmWv. C¯-cw ]-²-Xn-IÄ-¡v Iq-Sp-X {]-Nc-Ww \ÂIn-b U-ba≠v ¢m-kn-^n-t¡-j³ e-`n-¨ H-f-¸-a-® a-\-sb-t¸m-se ]g-¡w sN-¶ ]-e a-\IÄ-¡pw, tIm-hn-e-I-§Ä¡pw hn-t\m-Z k©m-c cw-K-t¯-¡v kw-`m-h-\-IÄ \Â-Im-\m-Ipw. H F³ Zm-tam-Z-c³,

D-S-a-س, H-f-¸-a-® a\

tI-cf-s¯ Im-Wp-¶Xn-t\m-sSm¸w, C-hn-Sp-s¯ B-Nm-c§Ä, A-\p-jvTm\-§Ä F¶n-h I-≠v a-\-kn-em-¡p-¶Xn-\p-Å an-I-¨ A-h-k-c-am-Wv C¯-cw tlmw-kv-tä-I-fn-eq-sS e-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. ]u -cm-Wn-Iam-b H-f-¸-a® t]m-ep-Å Ø-e§-fn-se Xm-a-khpw Im-gv-N-I-fp-am-Wv F-s¶ t]m-ep-Å G-sXm-cp hn-t\m-Z-k©m-cnbpw tI-c-f-¯n \n¶pw {]-Xo£n-¡p-¶Xv. amÀ-K-cäv,

hn-t\m-Z-k-©mcn.

tI-c-f-¯nsâ ku-µ-cyhpw kw-kvIm-chpw A-Sp-¯-dnbm-\m-Wv hn-tZ-inIÄ C-ã-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. C-hn-Sp-s¯ ]p-cmX-\am-b co-Xn-IÄ A-\p-`-hn-¨-dn-bm³ B-{K-ln-¡p-¶ A-hÀ Kr-lØ-en t]m-ep-Å ]-²-Xn-IÄ kzmK-Xw sN-¿pw. G-sd km-[y-X-I-fp-Å Kr-lØ-en ]²Xn C-t¸mÄ \nÀÖo-hm-h-Ø-bn-emWv, ]u-cm-Wn-I-X \n-e-\nÀ-¯p-¶ C¯-cw ]-²-Xn-IÄ I-cp-¯mÀ-Ön-¡Ww. Kr-lØ-en ]-²-Xn-¡v X-S-bn-Sp-¶-Xn-\p ]n-¶n dn-tkmÀ-«v am-^n-b-bp-sS km¶n[yw i-à-am-Wv. kntPm am-\p-hÂ,

tIc-fm Sq-dn-kv-äv ssK-Uv

]-²-Xn-bn CXn-t\mS-Iw Aw-K-§-fm-b-hÀ A-`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. 10 hÀ-jw ap³-]v e-`n-¨ k-_v-kn-Un Xp-I X-s¶-bm-Wv C-t¸mgpw e-`n-¡p-¶Xv, sI«n-S ]p-\-cp-²m-c-W-¯n\pw aäpw ap³ hÀ-j-§-tf-¡m-tf-sd ]-W-s¨-e-hp-Å-Xn-\m  e-`n-¡p-¶ Xp-I A-]-cym-]-vX-amWv, B-b-Xn-\m¯s¶ h-cp-am-\-¯nepw Ipd-hv kw-`-hn-¡p-¶p F-¶m-Wv ]-²-Xn-bn `m-K-am-b-h-cp-sS ]-cn-`hw. \n-ehn 60þ200 h-sc hÀ-jw ]-g-¡-ap-Å sI-«n-S-§Ä Kr-l-Ø-en-bp-sS `m-K-ambn tI-c-f-¯n-e-t§m-fw C-t§m-fw {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p≠v. CÃ-§Ä XpS-§n ¹m-tâ-j³ _w-¥m-hv h-sc-bp-Å sI-«n-S-§Ä C-Xn DÄ-s¸-Sp¶p. {]-Xn-hÀ-jw 40 iX-am\¯n-te-sd hn-tZ-iþkztZ-i Sq-dn-Ìp-IÄ F-¯p-¶ Cu-bn-S-§Ä hn-t\m-Z k©m-c h-Ip-¸n-sâ A-\m-Ø-aq-ew ]-²-Xn-bn \n¶pw ]n³-hm§ms\m-cp-§n-bm AXv kw-Øm-\-¯n-sâ h-cp-am\-s¯ _m-[n-¡p-sa-¶-Xp-d¸v.. A-Xn-eq-sS \mw G-sd A-`n-am-\n-¡p-¶ tIc-f hm-kv-Xp-hn-Zy-bp-sS ]m-c-¼-cyw tI-c-f-¯n-sâ AXnÀ-¯n-¡p-Ån X-s¶ A-h-km-\n-¡pw. sI-«n-S-¯n-sâ Im-e-¸-g¡w, ]p-\-cp-²m-c-W-s¨-ehv, ]²-Xn {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am¡p-¶-Xn-\p th-≠ Xp-I F-¶n-h-sbÃmw hn-e-bn-cp-¯n-b-ti-jw A-Xn-\p tNÀ¶ Xp-I k-_v-kn-Un-bm-bn e-`n-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n Iq-Sp-X t]-sc ]-²-Xn-bnte-¡v B-IÀ-jn-¡m-\m-Ip-sa¶v, Kr-l-Ø-en-bp-sS `m-K-am-Im³ B-{K-ln-¡p-¶ F-d-Wm-Ip-fw kz-tZ-in ]-d-bp¶p. I-gn-ª 15 hÀ-j-¯n-\p-Ån ]-²-Xn-IÄ c-Pn-ÌÀ sNbv-Xv Aw-Ko-Im-cw e-`n-¨ s{]m-P-Îp-I-fn 40 i-X-am-\-¯n-\p am-{Xam-Wv k-_v-kn-Un e-`n-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. 2008 \v ti-j-ap-Å s{]m-P-Îp-I-fn sshZyp-Xn k-_v-kn-Un e-`n-¨-h hn-cfw. I-gn-ª hÀ-jw 40 e-£w cq-] am-{X-am-Wv Sq-dn-kw h-Ip-¸v k-_v-kn-Un-bn-\-¯n hn-Xc-Ww sN-bv-XXv, Cu Xp-I Cu km-¼¯n-I hÀ-jw HcptIm-Sn B-bn D-bÀ-¯n-bm am-{X-ta ]-²Xn-sIm-≠v hn-Nm-cn¨-{X Kp-Ww e-`n-¡p-I-bpÅp.

Kr-l-Ø-en-¡v Io-gn-ep-Å {][m-\ Sq-dn-Ìv tI-{µ-§Ä X-Wn CÃw ¹m-tâ-j³ _w-¥m-hv H-f-¸-a-® a-\ ]q-ap-Ån a-\ Im-¡-\m-«v hoSv hmÂ-keyw \m-ep-sI-«v X-d-hmSv I-≠-¯v X-d-hmSv B-\-¡Â FÂ-¡ F-tÌ-äv ]m-e-¡mSv, Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pcw PnÃ-I-fn-se- sI-«n-S-§-fm-Wv {]-[m-\-ambpw Krl-Ø-en-bn DÄ-s¸-«n-«p-Å-sX-¦nepw Xr-iqÀ, F-d-Wm-Ip-fw PnÃ-I-fn \n¶pw {]m-Xn-\n-[y-ap≠v. tIc-fm ]-c-¼-cm-K-X `-£Ww, Xma-kw Xp-S-§n-b-hbm-Wv Kr-lØ-en ]-²-XnI-sf hy-Xy-kv-X-am-¡p-¶Xv.

59


BtcmKyw

Btcm-Ky Sq-dn-k-¯n B-im-h-lam-b `mhn ""A-Sn-Øm-\ kuI-cy hn-Ik-\w Iq-Sn Ip-ä-a-ä-Xm-¡n-bm \-½p-sS B-tcm-KyþSq-dn-kw cwKw \m-Sn-sâ ap-JÑm-b X-s¶ am-äp-¶ \n-e-bn-te-¡v h-f-cpw. anI¨ tUm-ÎÀ-amÀ, A-SnØm\ ku-I-cyhn-Ik-\w, Ip-d-ª Po-hn-Xs¨e-hv F-¶o L-S-I-§Ä tN-cp-t¼m-gm-Wv B-tcmKy Sq-dn-k¯n-\v `m-hn D-≠m-IpI''. tI-c-f-¯n B-tcm-Ky Sq-dn-kw cw-K-¯n-sâ km-[yX-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw teIvtjmÀ FwUnbpw {]ikvX Kymkvt{SmF³t{Sm-f-Pn-Ìp-amb tUm-. ^n-en-¸v A-K-Ìn³ F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbm-Sv kw-km-cn-¡p-¶p

B-tcm-Ky Sq-dn-kwcw-Kw tI-c-f-¯n B-tcm-Ky Sq-dn-kw cw-K-¯v- tI-c-f-¯n-\v Bim-h-l-am-b `m-hn-bm-Wp-ÅXv. H-cp an-\n-aw \n-ehmcw Dd-¸p X-cp-¶ B-tcm-Ky-tI-{µ§-sf H-cp Ip-S-¡o-gn- sIm-≠p-h-cp-I F-¶-Xm-Wv C-Xn\p-th≠n B-Zy-]-Sn-bm-bn sN-t¿-≠-Xv. 2006þ 2011 Im-e-L-«-¯n C-Xn-\m-bn F-sâ t\-Xr-Xz¯n aq-¶p tIm¬-^-d³-kp-IÄ \-S-¯n-bn-cp¶p. F-¶m C¯-cw kw-cw-`-§Ä-¡p t{]mÕml-\w \Â-tI≠-Xv K-h¬-saâp-I-fp-sS IqsS ZuXyam-Wv. C-¡m-cy-¯n am-Xr-I-bm-¡mhp-¶ \n-ch-[n cm-Py-§-fp≠v. A-Xn {]-[m-\s¸-«-Xm-Wv Xm-bv-eâ v. A-hnsS Cu cw-Kw hf-sc

i-à-amWv. B-Zy-am-bn tem-I-¯n-\v B-tcm-Ky Sq-dn-kw ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯n-bXpw Cu cm-Py-am-bncp¶p. A-hn-Sp-s¯ A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy- hnI-k-\w hfsc i-à-am-bn¯-s¶ \-S-¡p-¶p. F-¶m tI-c-f-¯n-sâ ZuÀ-_-eyhpw Cu cwK¯p X-s¶-bmWv. A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§-fp-sS A-`m-h-am-Wv \-½p-sS Sq-dn-kw cwK-s¯ ZpÀ-_e-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xv. s]m-«n-¯-IÀ-¶ tdm-Up-I-fpw, X-IÀ-¶-Snª s]m-Xp-K-Xm-K-X kw-hn-[m-\-hpw k-©m-cnI-sf AI-än \nÀ-¯p¶p. a-kv-¡äv, Zq-_m-bv, Ip-ssh-äv, ku-Zn A-td-_y, _-lv-dn³ Xp-S§n-b an-Un Cu-Ìv cm-Py-§-fn \n-¶m-Wv G-ä-hp-a-[n-Iw Sq-dn-Ìp-IÄ \-ap-sS cm-Py-t¯-¡v h-cp-¶Xv. C-´y-b-S-¡-ap-Å aq¶mw tem-I cm-

tUm-. ^n-en-¸v A-K-Ìn³ 1971 BÄ C-´y C³Ìn-äyq-«v Hm-^v sa-Un-¡Â k-b³-knÂ- \n¶pw tKmÄUv sa-U-tem-sS Fw-Un ]mkmbn. A-ta-cn-¡-bn-em-bncp-¶p Xp-SÀ-]T\w. H¶mw dm-t¦m-sS Un-Fw ]m-Êmbn. tem-I {]-ikv-X `n-j-Kzc\m-b Pm-¡v shÂ-kn-s\ I-≠p-ap-«nb-Xv A-ta-cn-¡bn h-¨m-bn-cp¶p. A-hnsS¯-s¶ Xp-S-cm³ A-t±lw \nÀ-_-Ôn-s¨-¦nepw tUm-Iv-äÀ ^n-en-¸v A-K-Ìn ³ \m-«n-te-¡p a-S-§n. B Zyw Iq-¯m-«p-Ipf¯pw ]n¶o-Sv ]n-hnF-kv B-ip-]-{Xnbnepw tkh-\-a-\p-jvTn¨p. A-Xn-\p-ti-j-am-Wv teIvtjmÀ tlm-kv-]n-ä B-cw`n-¡p-¶Xv.

Py-§-fn-se Ip-d-ª Po-hn-Xs¨e-hm-Wv Ch-sc B-IÀ-jn-¡p¶Xv. A-Xn-t\m-sSm-¸w \½p-sS A-Sn-Øm-\ kuI-cy hn-Ik-\w Iq-Sn Ip-ä-a-ä-Xm-¡n-bm \½p-sS B-tcm-Ky Sq-dn-kw cw-Kw \m-Sn-sâ ap-JÑm-b X-s¶ am-äp-¶ \n-ebn-te-¡v h-f-cpw. anI¨ tUmÎÀ-amÀ, A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cyhnIk-\w Ip-d-ª Po-hn-Xs¨e-hv F-¶o L-S-I-§Ä tN-cp-t¼m-gmWv B-tcm-Ky Sq-dn-k¯n-\v `m-hn D-≠m-IpI.

teIv-tjm-dn-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä

km-[m-c-W-¡mc-\v ÌmÀ tlmkv-]n-ä-ep-IÄ A-\y-am-sW-¶ Nn-´ Xn-cp¯p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv teIvvtjmÀ B-ip-]-{Xn-bp-sS e-£yw. km-[m-c-W-¡mÀ-¡m-bn ^m-an-en sa-Un-kn³ bq-Wn-äneq-sS ]-¯p i-X-am-\w Un-kvIu-≠n tk-h-\-§Ä \Â-Ip¶p≠v. AXp-t]m-se X-s¶ Iym³-kÀ Nn-InÕ RCC td-änwKn-em-Wv e-`y-am-¡p-¶-Xv. {]-hmkn tcm-Kn-IÄ-¡p-Å {]-tXy-I t»m-¡v D-S³ {]-hÀ¯-\w B-cw-`n-¡m-\p-Å H-cp-¡-§fpw \-S-¡p¶p. cm-Py-s¯ G-ähpw an-I-¨ 10 Kym-kv-t{Sm F³-t{Smf-Pn skâdp-I-fn H-¶m-Wv te-I-vtjmÀ. te-Iv-tjm-dn\v NABH A-{I-Untä-j\pw e-`n-¨p I-gn-ªp. em-_v A-{I-Un-täj³ B-bn F³-F-kn-F-Ãpw e-`n¨p. te-IvtjmÀ tI-{µ-am-¡n sa-Un-¡Â- _p-¡p-I-fpw {]-kn-²o-I-cn-¡p-¶p≠v. ssh-Zy-im-kv-{X ]T-\cw-K-¯pw teIv-tjmÀ G-sd ap-¶n-emWv. aÄ«n HmÀ-K³ {Sm³-kv-¹mâ v C-´y-bn-em-Zy-am-bn \-S-¯p-hm³ X-¿m-sd-Sp-¡pIbm-Wv te-Iv-tjmÀ. K-h¬-sa-â n-sâ Aw-Ko-Im-cw e-`n¨ tlm-kv-]n-ä Â, c≠mw hÀ-jw X-s¶ t{_-¡v Cu-h¬ Bb tlm-kv-]n-ä  F-¶n§-s\ te-I-vtjm-dn-\p e-`n-¨n-«p-Å Aw-Ko-Im-c-§Ä G-sd. K-th-j-Wcw-K¯pw teIv-tjmÀ A-\-\yam-b am-Xr-I-bmWv. tUm. F-{_lmw tIm-in-bp-sS t\-XrXz-¯n-em-Wv K-th-j-W-§Ä \-S-¡p¶Xv. ImkÀ-tKm-Uv tI-{µ kÀ-h-I-em-im-e-bp-am-bn k-l-I-cn-¨v t_-kn-¡v k-b³-kv s{S-bn-\nw-Kpw \-S-¯n h-cp¶p. c-≠v hÀj-s¯ F-³tUmkv-tIm-¸n sS-Iv-\ojy³ tIm-gvkv, Hm-¸-td-j³ Xo-b-äÀ sSIvt\m-fPn, U-bm-enkn-kv sSIv-t\mf-Pn F-¶n-h-bp-Å s{S-bn-\nw-Kv tIm-gvkp-Ifpw \-S-¯p¶p.

Kym-kv-t{Sm F³-t{Sm-f-Pn-bp-sS {]-m[m\yw a-e-bm-fn-IÄ-¡v D-Z-c-kw-_-Ônbmb tcm-K-§Ä s]m-Xpsh hfsc Iq-Sp-X-emWv. k-aq-l-¯n h-fÀ-¶p sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ A-\m-h-iy am-\kn-I kw-LÀ-j-§-fm-Wv CXn\p Imc-Ww. {]-[m-\-ambpw c-≠p X-cw Un-{]-j-\p-I-fm-Wp-ÅXv. dn-bm-Îo-hv Un-{]-j³, F-tâm-Pn-\n-kv Un-{]j³ dn-bm-Îo-hv Un-{]-j³ s]-s«-¶v ]-cn-l-cn-¡m³ km-[n-¡pw. F-¶m F³tUm-Pn-\n-kv Un-{]-j³ ]-cn-l-cn-¡p-hm³ {]-bm-k-am-Wv. C¯-cw Un-{]-j-\p-IÄ D-Zctcm-Kw hÀ-²n-¡p-hm³ Im-c-W-am-Ip¶p. _n-kn-\-kp-Im-À-¡n-S-bn-em-Wv CXv hym-]-I-am-bn Im-W-s¸-Sp-¶Xv.

Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä km-aq-ly {]-h-À-¯-\-§Ä-¡v h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw {]-m[m-\yw IÂ-¸n¡p-¶ Øm-]-\-am-Wv teIv-tjmÀ tlm-kv-]näÂ. {]-Xn-hÀ-jw 50 e-£w ap-X 1 tIm-Sn cq] h-sc C¯-cw {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡m-bn sN-e-h-gn-¡mdp-≠v. 2001 ap-X 2011 h-sc-bp-Å Im-e-L-«-¯n 5 tIm-Sn cq-]-tbm-fw Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡m-bn sN-e-h-gn-¨p. C-Xphsc Cu hÀ-jw 76 e-£w cq-] hsc Cu cwK-¯v sN-e-h-gn-¨pI-gnªp.

60


hnZym-`ymkw tUm Sn ]n tkXp-am-[-h³

]T-\-¯nepw, sXmgn-enepw Bib hn\n-abw {]m[m-

tijw kwkm-cn-¡-mw. Ah-k-c-¯n-s\m¯v D¨-¯nepw, ]Xp-s¡bpw D¨-cn-¡-Ww. t{imXm-¡-fn Xm¸cy-t¯msS tIÄ¡p-¶-hsc {i²n-¡-Ww. FÃm t{imXm-¡-sfbpw ImWm³ {ian-¡-Ww. Fs´-¦nepw XS-Ê-§-fp-s≠-¦n thh-em-Xn-s¸-S-cp-Xv t{imXm-¡-fn \n¶pÅ tNmZy§Ä/kwi-b-§Ä F¶nh kzmKXw sN¿-Ww. Ahbv¡v hyàamb D¯cw \ÂI-Ww. aäp-Å-hÀ¡v a\-Ên-em-Ip¶ `mjbn kwkm-cn-¡-Ww kwkm-c-¯n `mh-hy-Xymkw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡-Ww.

(Communication)

\y-aÀln-¡p-¶p. \¶mbn kwkmcn-¡p-hm\pw Fgp-Xp-hm-\p-apÅ Ign-hv, sa¨-s¸« ico-c-`mj, ZrjvSn F¶nh C¶v AXy-´m-t]-£n-X-amWv. Bibhn\n-a-b-¯n \nc-h[n Imcy-§Ä {i²n-¡-Ww. Talking F¶Xn-eqsS Target, Action, Love, Keep Silent, Intention, Negotiate, gazing v/s glancing

F§s\ FgpXmw Fgp-¯n X\-Xmb ssien cq]-s¸-Sp-¯-Ww. FhnsS XpS-§Ww, F§s\ FgpXWw, Ah-km-\n-¸n¡Ww F¶-Xn-s\-¡p-dn¨v hyà-amb [mcW thWw.

Bh-iy-an-Ãm¯ hnh-c-§Ä DÄs¡m-Ån-¡cp-Xv.

dkypw X¿m-dm-¡p-t¼mÄ

hyànXz hnI-k\w

sXmgn-en-\-t]-£n-¡p-t¼mÄ Resume X¿mdm¡p-¶Xv Gsd {]m[m-\y-aÀln-¡p-¶p. aäp-Å-h-cpsS _tbm-Umä ]-IÀ-¯-cp-Xv. sXmgn-en-\n-W-§nb tbmKy-X-bv¡-\p-kcn¨v dkyqw X¿m-dm-¡-Ww.

hyànXz hnI-k-\-¯n\v sNdp¸w apX Du¶Â \ÂI-Ww. hn-thIw Xncn-¨-dn-bm\pw, \à kz`mhw {]mhÀ¯n-I-am-¡m\pw, {]hÀ¯-\-an-Ihv BÀ-Ön-¡m \pw, kvt\lw -{]-ISn-¸n¡m\pw, aqey-§Ä Xncn-¨-dn-bm\p-apÅ I-gnhv hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¡-Ww. hyànXz hnI-k\-¯n\v \n§-sf-¡p-dn-¨pÅ hyà-amb hne-bn-cp-¯Â Bh-iy-am-Wv. Ign-hp-IÄ Ign-hp-tI-Sp-IÄ F¶n-hsb¡p-dn¨v hyà-amb [mcW thWw. kml-N-cy-§Ä¡\p-k-cn¨v amdm-\pÅ I-gnhpw BÀÖn-¡-Ww. sXämb hnizm-k-§fpw sXän-²m-c-W-Ifpw Ign-hp-Isf _m[n¡-cp-Xv. Pohn-X-¯n \nc-h[n e£y-§-fp≠v hyàn-] cw, kmaq-lnIw, _u²n-Iw, km¼-¯nIw, IpSpw-_w, Icp-XÂ, sXmgnÂ, kwkvIm-cw, kaq-lw, hnPbw apXem-b-h-bp-ambn _Ô-s¸« e£y-§Ä Ch-bnÂs¸Sp¶p. FÃm AÀ°-¯nepw t]mkn-äohv Nn´ hnP-b-¯nse-¯n¡pw.

k`m-I-¼w H-gn-hm-¡m³ hnjbw hyà-ambn ]Tn-¡Ww. hnj-b-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« Imcy-§Ä h-kvXp\n jvThpw, Imcy-am{X {]kà--hp-am-bn-cn¡Ww. {]kw-K-¯n-se {]-[m-\-s¸« `mK-§Ä ImWm-]mTw ]Tn¡Ww. IqSp-X XhW dntl-gvk \S-¯mw. {]kw-Kn-¡p-t¼mÄ \nhÀ¶v \n¡Ww. IqSp-X DuÀÖ-t¯msS (Icp-¯mÀÖn¨v) kwkm-cn-¡-Ww. [rXn ]nSn¨v kwkm-cn-¡-cp-Xv. Btem-Nn¨Xn\v

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F-¶nhbmWv e£y-an-Sp-¶-Xv. 1. Target- Btcm-SmWv kwkm-cn-¡p-¶Xv. A-hÀ¡v Xm¸-cy-apÅ hnj-b§fmWv kwkm-cn-t¡-≠-Xv. 2. Action- \n§-fpsS hnj-bm-h-X-c-W-¯n-eqsS t{imXm¡-fpsS hnj-b-t¯m-SpÅ Xm¸cyw a\-Ên-em-¡mw. A`n-{]m-b- hy-Xymkw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶-hcp-≠m-Imw. Chcp-ambn hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-¯n\v apXn-c-cp-Xv. 3. Love- Xm¸-cy-an-Ãm¯ hnj-b-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v kwkm-cn¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶-XmWv \Ã-Xv. 4. Keep Silent- t{imXm-¡Ä¡v {i²n-¡m³ CS-bv¡nsS \nÀ¯n \nÀ¯n kwkm-cn-¡-Ww. 5. Intention- Dt±-i-e-£y-§Ä sh¨-m-bn-cn-¡Ww kwkm-cnt¡-≠Xv. 6. Negotiate- Imcy-§Ä hkvXp-\n-jvT-ambn hne-bn-cp-¯Ww. NÀ¨ Imcy-£-a-am-bn-cn-¡-Ww. 7. Gazing V/S Glancing- aäp-Å-h-cpsS kwkmcw £a-tbmsS tIÄ¡-Ww.

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tIc-f-¯n-se k-l-I-c-W-{]-Øm-\-§-fp-sS ap-t¶-ä-s¯-¡p-dn-¨p-Å te-J-\-]c¼c-...`mKw

kl-I-cW amXr-I-IÄ

5

apt¶ä- ]m-X-bn dºdn-\v I-\-¯ hn-e-bn-Sn-hv t\-cn-« Im-e-L-«-am-bn-cp-¶p 1996þ97. A-¡me¯v X-s¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p hn-e-bn-Sn-hn-sâ Zp-cn-X-¯n-e-I-s¸-« d-ºÀ IÀ-jI-sc k-lm-bn-¡m\m-bn H-cp {]-Øm\w cq-]-s¸-Sp-¶-Xpw. IÀ-j-IÀ-¡v Xm§pw X-W-ep-amIp-I F-¶-Xn-s\m-¸w d-ºÀ A-[n-jvTn-X hy-h-km-b-§-fn-eq-sS Kp-W-ta-·-bp-Å DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä tem-I-hn-]-Wn-bn F-¯n¡p-I F-¶-Xm-bncp-¶p e-£yw. Np-cp§n-b Im-e-¯n-\p-Ån B e-£y-¯n F¯p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp, IÀ-j-I-cp-sS {]-b-Xv-\-¯n-\p aqeyw \Â-In tI-c-f tÌ-äv d-ºÀ tImþHm-¸-td-äo-hv en-an-ä-Uv F¶ d_v-tIm. {]-hÀ-¯-\-an-I-hn-eq-sSbpw kmt¦-Xn-I kw-hn-[m-\-¯m cq-]-s¸-Sp¯n-b DÂ-¸-¶-§-fn-eq-sSbpw d_vtIm tem-I-hn-]-Wn-bn {i-t²-b-t\-«w ssI-h-cn-¨p ap-t¶-dp-I-bm-Wv... kpPojv sI Fkv

d_v-tIm-bp-sS \mÄ-h-gn-IÄ.... 1996 d-º-dn-\v In-tem-bv-¡v 55 cq-] ap-X 60 cq-] h-sc hne D-≠m-bn-cp-¶-p. F-¶m 1997se¯n-b-t¸mÄ hn-e 25 cq-]-bm-bn. hn-e-bn-Sn-hv krãn-¨ {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bn d-ºÀ IÀ-j-IÀ h-e-bpt¼m-gm-Wv d-º-À A[n-jvTn-X hy-h-km-b-§Ä-¡v A-h-k-c-ap-≠m-¡p-¶ H-cp {]-Øm-\-s¯-¡p-dn-¨v B-tem-N-\-bp-≠m-b-Xv. A§s\ tI-c-f tÌ-äv d-ºÀ tImþHm-¸-td-äo-hv en-anä-Uv AY-hm d_vtIm F-¶ k-lI-c-W {]-Øm-\-w I-®qÀ tI-{µ-am¡n 1997 Pq¬ H³-]-Xn-\v c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-bvXp. Pq-em-bv am-k-¯n X-s¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\hpw Xp-S§n. C-S-\ne-¡m-cnÃmsX sN-dp-In-S-IÀ-j-I-cnÂ\n-¶v d-ºÀ ]m- t\-cn-«v kw-`-c-Ww sN-bv-X d_v-tIm IÀ-jI-cp-sS {]-b-Xv-\-¯n-\v amÀ-¡-än-ep-Å aqeyw \ÂIn. d-ºdn-\v hn-e- Iq-«m-\mbn d-_vtIm \-S¯n-b {i-ahpw hnP-bw I≠p. ]n-¶o-Sv d_v-tIm-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-ta-J-e hn-im-e-am-Ip-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. d-º-À A-[n-jvTn-X DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS \nÀ-½m-W-¯nte¡v d_v-tIm- {]-th-in¨p. {]-hÀ¯-\w XpS-§n \m-ev hÀ-j-¯n-\p-Ån Xs¶ l-hm-bv N¸Â, ssk-¡nÄ S-bÀ Bâ v Syq-_v ^m-Îdn, s{S-Uv dºÀ, d-º-ssd-kv-Uv sIm-bÀ am-{Skv, d-ºÀ X-Sn kw-kvI-c-W ^À-Wn-¨À, am-\p-^m-Iv-N-dnw-Kv bq-Wnäv F¶n-h B-cw-`n-¡m³ Cu k-lI-c-W {]-Øm\-¯n-\v km-[n-¨p.

tem-I-hn-]-Wn-bn-se kzo-Im-cy-X... d-ºÀ A-[n-jvTn-X DÂ-¸m-Z-\ cwK-¯v an-I-¨

t\-«-§-fp-am-bn-«m-bn-cp¶p d_vtIm {Kq-¸v Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS ap-t¶äw. AXy´m[p \nI kmt¦XnIhn-Zy D-]-tbm-Kn¨v d_vtIm \nÀ½n-¡p¶ DÂ-¸¶-§Ä¡vv temI hn]Wn-bn hen-b kzo-Im-cy-X- e-`n-¨p. D-Â-¸mZ\w Iq-«n-bn«pw HmÀ-U-d\p-k-cn-¨v DÂ-¸-¶§Ä F-¯n-¡m-\mIm¯ A-h-Ø-bp-≠m-bn. FÃm DÂ-¸-¶-§fpw hntZ-i cm-Py-§-fn-te-¡v Ib-än A-b-¡p-¶p-sh-¶ {]-tXy-I-Xbpw d_v-tIm-bv-¡p≠v. \m-ev am-k-¯n-e-[n-I-ap-Å s]³-UnwKv HmÀU-dp-I-fm-Wv d_vtIm DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä-¡p-Å-Xv. 1997 {]hÀ¯\amcw`n¨ d_vtIm sshhn[yh¡c-W-¯n-sâ ]m-Xbneq-sS-bm-Wv h-fÀ¨ ssI-h-cn-¨-Xv. C¶v H-¼tXmfw bqWnäp-I-fn \nÀ-½n-¡p¶ D¸¶§Ä Cw-¥≠v, {Kokv, lwKdn, tÉmhm¡nb, KÄ^v cmPy-§Ä F¶nhnS§fnte¡v IbäpaXn sN¿p¶p. 1700Hmfw sXmgnem-fnIÄ {]Xy£ambn tPmensN¿p¶ d_vtIm-bn C-\nbpw sXmgnehkc-§Ä kr-ãn-¡p¶ X-c-¯n-epÅ hnIk\{]hÀ-¯-\-§fm-Wv \-S-¡p-¶-Xv.

{]-Xn-hÀ-jw 36 e-£w tPm-Un sN-cp-¸p-IÄ 1998 I-®qÀ Iq-¯p-]-d-¼n l-hm-bv N-¸Â ^mÎ-dn B-cw-`n¨p-sIm-≠m-bn-cp-¶p hy-hkm-b ]-²-Xn-I-fn d_v-tIm-bpsS Xp-S-¡w. "d-_vtIm sd-bn³-t_m' F-¶ t]-cn hn-]-Wn-bn-se-¯n-b l-hm-bv sN-cp-¸p-IÄ D-]-t`m-àm¡Ä kzo-I-cn-¨p.

kzm-`mhn-I d-ºdpw kn-´-än-Iv d-ºdpw a-äv A-\p-_-Ô tN-cp-hI-fpw icnbmb A-f-hn Unkvt]Àj³ \oUÀ sajo³ D] tbmKn¨v anIvkv sNbvX dºÀ tIm-¼u-≠pIÄ sslt{UmfnIv {]Êp-I-fn lhmbv joäpIfmbn tamÄUv sNbvsX-Sp-¡p-I-bm-bncp¶p. Cu joäp-I-fn \n¶pw hnhn[ AfhpIfnep Å sNcp¸pIÄ apdns¨Sp¯v hÅnIÄ LSn¸n¨v ]mbv¡v sN¿p¶p. {]XnhÀjw 36 e£w tPmUn sNcp-¸p-I-fm-Wv d_vtIm D¸mZn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv. A-tXm-sSm-¸w Xs¶ s{S-Uv dºÀ am-\p-^m-Iv¨-dnw-Kv bq-Wn-äv Iq-Sn d_vtIm B-cw-`n¨p. dºÀ D¸¶§Ä \nÀ-½n-¡p¶Xn\mhiyamb hnhn[§fmb dºÀ tIm-¼u≠pIÄ anIvkv sN-¿p¶Xn\mbn Iq¯p-]-d-¼n Xs¶ Øm-]n¨n«pÅ Cu ^mIvS-dn-bn c≠p anIvknwKv sse\pIfmWp-ÅXv. Cw-¥-≠n  \n-¶pw Cd¡paXn sNbv-X F^v 270 _m³-_-dn anIv-kdpw IqSmsX H-cp sI4 CâÀ an-Ivkdpw. ChtbmS\p_Ôambn anIvknwKv anÃpIfpw _m¨v Hm^v bqWnäpIfp-ap-≠v.

d_vtIm lqhm«v hpUvkv ss{]häv enan-ä-Uv dºÀ XSnIÄ kwkvIcn¨v ]cnØnXn kulrZamb ^ÀWn¨dpIfpw ]m\ep-Ifpw \nÀ½n-¡p¶ lqhm«v hpUvkv

62


I-fp-am-bn-«m-bn-cp-¶p d-_vtIm, am-{S-kv cw-K-t¯-¡v h¶-X.v Cu ta-J-e-bn d_vtIm D-≠m¡n-b am-äw h-ep-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. IbÀ Npcp-fpIÄ Npcpfgn¨v \nÝnX L-\-¯n hncn¨v Ibdnsâ kv{]nwKv kz-`mhw \ne\nÀ-¯m \mbn Ccphi¯p \n¶pw dºÀ emäIvkv kvt{] sNbvXv DW¡n {]Êp-I-fn BIrXn hcp¯n' s_bÀ t»m¡pIfm¡n am-äp-Ibpw, Cu s_bÀ _vtfm ¡pIÄ Bhiym\p kcWw IzÂänwKpw ]mUnwKpw sNbvXv ]ehn[¯nepw I\¯nepapÅ hnhn[§fmb sa-¯-Ifm-bn cq-]-s¸-Sp-¯n-sbSp-¡p-¶p. d_v-tIm-bp-sS dºssdkvUv sImbÀ am-{S-Êv G-Xv Im-em-h-Øbv¡pw C-W-§p-¶X -- m-sW¶pw d_vtIm am-{S-k-S¡-ap-Å DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä Un-am³-Un-\-\p-k-cn-¨v F-¯n-¡m³ km-[n-¡p-¶nsöpw d_vtIm am-t\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ l-cn-Zm-k³ ]n hn hy-à-am-¡p¶p.

l-cn-Zm-k³ ]n hn

dºÀ tIm¼u≠v anIvknwKv ¹mâ v

ss{]häv enan-ä-Un\v d_v-tIm XpS-¡w Ip-dn-¡p-¶-Xv 2000¯nemWv. XetÈcn tNm\mS¯v {]hr-¯n-¡p-¶ ^m-Î-dn-bn d-ºÀ FtÌäp-I-fn \n¶pw apdns¨Sp-¡p¶ dºÀ a-c-§Ä 48 aWn¡qdn\Iw ^mIvSdnbnse¯n¨v sNdnb sNdn-b IjW§fm-¡p¶p. Xp-SÀ¶v apdn¨v IoS§fpsSbpw aäpw B{IaWs¯ sN-dp-¡p¶Xn\p th≠nbpÅ sIan¡Â {Soävsaâ v \S¯nbXn\ptijw henb "In-e³ {Ubdp'I-fn 10% Xmsg Pemwiw F-¯p¶Xphsc DW¡nsb-Sp-¡p-¶p. Cu ac¡jW§Ä ate-jy-bn \n¶pw kzmb¯am¡nb "^nwKÀ tPmbn\nwKv sSIv t\mfPn' h-gn C-]nPn t_mÀUpIfpw _oapIfpam¡n am-äp-¶p. tX¡v, Cu-«n F-¶n-h-bp-sSb-{X Im-em-h-[nbmWv Cu DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä-¡v d_vtIm D-d-¸v \Â-Ip¶-Xv. {]XnhÀjw 40,000 sa{SnIv S¬ dºÀ XSn kwkvIcn¡phm\pÅ tijn-bm-Wv ^m-Î-dn-¡p-Å-Xv. icm-icn 1.60 tImSn cq]-bpsS ^ÀWn-¨À D¸mZ\w \S-¶n-cp¶ Øe¯v Cu Pqsse amk-¯n 2.40 tImSn cq]-bn-te¡v D¸m-Z\ hÀ²-\hv \S-¯m³ km[n-¨p.

am{S-Êv hn-]-Wn-bn-te-¡v In-S-¡ hn-]-Wn-bn tem-I-{_m³-Up-I-tfm-Sv In-S-]nSn-¡p-¶ co-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-¶p am-{S-kv hn-]-Wn-bn-te¡v d_v-tIm-bp-sS cw-K-{]-thiw. temI{]ikvX I¼\nbmb UnHF Bkv{Snb-bpsS sSIvt\mfPnbpw sajn\ dn-Ifpw D]tbmKn¨v dºssdkvUv sNbvX IbÀ sa-¯-

kzm`mhnI dºÀ, ImÀ_Wpw aäv aqeI§fpw tNÀ¯v, dºÀ tIm¼u≠v B¡p¶ Cu ¹mân {]XnZn\w 100 S®nsâ D¸mZ\ tijnbp≠v. C´ybnse {]apJ SbÀ \nÀ½mXm¡Ä¡v Bhiyamb dºÀ tIm¼u≠pIÄ X¿mdm¡p¶Xv d_vtImbpsS Cu bqWnän sh¨mWv. sshZypXnbpsS ØncXbnÃmbva ]cnlcn¡m\mbt¸mÄ Cu Ignª Pqembv amk¯n 50% D¸mZ\ hÀ²\ hv t\Sm\mbXv d_vtImbpsS {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡v Dt¯P\w \ÂInbncn¡pIbmWv. hnhn[§fmb dºÀ tIm-¼u≠pIÄ anIvkv sN-¿p¶Xn\mbn Iq¯p]-d-¼n Xs¶ Øm-]n¨n«pÅ Cu ^mIvS-dn-bn c≠p anIvknwKv sse\pIfmWp-ÅXv. Cw-¥-≠nÂ\n¶pw Cd¡paXn sNbv-X F^v 270 _m³-_-dn anIv-kdpw IqSmsX H-cp sI4 CâÀ an-Ivkdpw. ChtbmS\p_ Ôambn anIvknwKv anÃpIfpw _m¨v Hm^v bqWnäpIfpap-≠v.

s{SUv dºÀ bq-Wnäv hml\§fpsS SbdpIÄ dotkmÄ sN-¿p¶Xn\m hiyamb {]otIyÀ-Uv s{SUv dº-dp-IÄ \nÀ-½n-¡p¶ s{SUv dºÀ bq-Wnäv I-½o-j³ sN-bvX-Xv 2009em-bncp-¶p. {]XnZn\w 12 S¬ Øm]nXti-jn-bm-Wv bq-Wnän-\p-Å-Xv. Ata-cn-¡³ amÀ¡-än-te¡v Ibän Ab-¡pI-bm-bn-cp¶p CXp-h-sc. Ct¸mÄ anUnÂ-Cu-Ìn-te¡v Ab-¡p-hm\pw Icm-dm-bn-«p-­≠v.

hnÀPn³ tIm¡\«v Hm-bnepw e-jv B-bpÀ-th-Z {_m³Upw Hm-kv-t{Senb³ kmt¦XnI hnZy D]tbmKn¨v ]¨t¯-§-bn \n¶pw shfns¨-®-bp-≠m-¡p¶

hnÀPn³ tIm¡\«v Hm-bn (hnknH) bqWn-äv d_v-tImsb A-ta-cn-¡-bnÂhsc {]-i-kv-X-am-¡p-¶p. tX§ s]m«n-¨v 15 an-\n-än\p-Ån Hm-bn-em-¡n am-än-sb-Sp-¡p-¶p-sh¶-Xm-Wv hnÀ-Pn³ tIm-¡\«v Hm-bn-en-sâ {]-tXy-IX. AÂ-jn-ta-gv-kv t]m-epÅ tcm-K-s¯ X-S-bm-\pw hnÀ-Pn³ Hm-bn-en-\v km-[n-¡p-sa-¶v bp-F-kn \-S¯n-b K-th-j-W-¯n I-s≠-¯n-bn-cp¶p. bp-Fkn AÂ-jn-ta-g-vkv hn-`m-K-¯n-te-¡v am-{Xw d_vtIm hnÀPn³ tIm¡\«v Hm-bn I-b-äpa-Xn sN-¿p-¶p-≠v. CtXmsSm¸w KpWta·bpÅ shfns¨® hn]W\w XpS§m\pÅ \S]-Sn-I-fpw ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n-h-cp¶p. C¶v C´y-bnepw hntZ-i¯pw kzoIm-cy-X-bpÅ HmÀKm-\nIv hnkn-H D≠­-­m-¡m³ Bh-iy-amb ssek³kpw d_vtIm bv¡v e`n-¨p. CXn-\-Iw-Xs¶ HmÀKm-\nIv hnknH Im\-U, Ata-cn¡ \yqkn-eâ v F¶o cmPy-§-fnepw C´y-bnse {]apJ BbpÀthZ I¼-\n-IÄ¡pw \ÂInh-cp-¶p. d_vtIm BbpÀthZ D¸¶ \nÀ½m-W-¯nte¡pw \o§n-bn-«p-≠v. CXnsâ `mK-ambn ejv F¶ {_m³Un t__n sIbÀ HmbnÂ, slbÀ HmbnÂ, akmPv Hmbn F¶nh hn]-Wn-bn-se-¯p-¶p.

d_vtIm skbnkv CâÀ\mjW ss{]häv enanäUv d_vtIm DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä hn-]-Wn-bn hn-ä-gn-¡p-¶Xn-\pth≠n d_vtIm sk-bnÂkv CâÀ\m-jW ss{]häv enanä-Uv {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p-≠v. \qX\ amb amÀ¡änwKv km²yXIÄ D]tbmKn¨v hn] Wn Is≠¯m³ AXpsIm≠v km[n¡p¶p. ] co£WmSnØm\¯n d_vtIm s{]mUIvSpIÄ Hm¬sse\n hn¸\ \S¯p¶Xn\v kuIcyw Hcp¡nbn«p≠v.

sN-dpIn-S d-ºÀ IÀ-j-IÀ-¡m-bn dq-^mkv (d-ºÀ ^mÀ-ta-gv-kv A-sse³-kv kv-{SmäPn) sNdpInS dºÀ IÀjIcp-sS D¶a\w e£yam-¡ns¡m-≠m-bn-cp¶p 2002 d_v-tIm, dq-^mkv Bcw-`n-¡p -¶-Xv. d-º-dn-\v hn-e Ip-d-bp-t¼mÄ {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bn-e-I-s¸Sp-¶ IÀ-jI-s\ kw-_-Ôn¨v dq^mkv s{]mPIv-Sv H-cp ssI¯m-§m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Cu s{]mPIvSv hgn dº À IÀ-j-I-cn \n¶v t\cn«pw dºÀ IÀjI kwL§ Ä hgn-bpw d-ºÀ ]m tiJ-cn¨p hnhn[ Øm]\§ Ä¡v t\cn«v dºÀ ]membpw kns\Ivkv Bbpw hn] W\w \S¯n-h-cp-¶p. tIm«bw, I-®qÀ PnÃ-I-fn-em-bn«m-Wv dq^mkv bqWnäpIÄ {]-hÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xv.

{]-Xn-k-Ôn-sb Xc-Ww sN-bv-Xv ap-t¶-ä-¯n-te-¡v {]-hÀ-¯-\-an-Ihv, DÂ-¸m-Z\w, Kp-W-ta-·, hn-äp-hchv Xp-S§n-b Im-cy-§-fn G-sd ap-¶n-em-sW-¦n-epw {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bn A-I-s¸-« N-cn-{Xhpw d_v-tIm-bv-¡p-≠v. B-cw-`-Ime-¯v d-ºÀ hn-e Ip-d-ª k-ab-¯v c-≠v cq-] A-[n-I\n-c-¡n-em-bn-cp-¶p IÀ-j-I-cn \n-¶pw d-ºÀ hm-§n-bn-cp¶Xv. Cu-hn-[-¯n hn-e Iq-«n hm-§n-bncp¶ ]-Ww kÀ-¡mÀ \nI¯n X-cm-sa-¶ hy-h-Øbp-≠m-bn-cp¶p. IqSmsX dºÀ hm§m³ hÀ¡nwKv Im¸n-ä-en-\mbn Kh¬saâ v Kymc-≠n-tbmsS hmbv] e`n-¡p-I-bp-≠m-bn. A-Xp-sIm-≠pXs¶ XpS-¡-Ime-¯v \-ãw k-ln-¨m-Wv d-ºÀ FIvkv-t]mÀ-«v sN-bv-Xn-cp-¶-Xv. F-¶m \-ãw \nI-¯n X-cm³ kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ `mK¯p \n¶pw Im-e-Xm-a-k-ap-≠mbn. HSp-hn kÀ¡mÀ `mKn-I-ambn \jvSw \nI-¯n-b-t¸mÄ B XpI _m¦v temWnsâ ]en-i-bn-te¡v hc-hp-h-bv¡p-Ibpw, _m¦v ISw Xncn-¨-S-bv¡m³ ]ämsX hcn-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu km-l-N-cy-¯n ^m-Î-dn-Ifpw aäpw Xp-S-§m³ \o-¡n-h¨n-cp-¶ hÀ-¡nw-Kv Iym-]n-ä h-I-am-än sN-e-h-gn-t¡-≠n h-¶p. Xp-S§n-b ]-²-XnIÄ ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡m-\m-bn ]-e Øe§-fn \n-¶pw ]-Ww tem-Wm-bn hm-t§-≠-nbpw h-¶p. kÀ-¡mÀ do-Cw-t]-gv-kv-saân-\-¯n \Â-tI-≠ ]W-¯n-\v ]en-ibpw d_v-tIm-bv-¡v e-`n-¨nÃ. Xp-S-¡-Ime-¯p≠m-b Cu _m-[y-X-bm-Wv d_v-tIm-bp-sS XpSÀ-¶p-Å hÀ-j-§-fn {]Xn-k-Ôn-¡v Im-c-W-am-bXv. d_v-tIm-bpsS Øm-]-\-§-sfÃmw em`-¯n-em-Wv t]m-Ip-¶-sX-¦nepw ]-g-b _m[y-X \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶-Xn-\m  hen-b I-¸m-kn-än-bn-se DÂ-¸mZ\w Ip-dbvt¡-≠n h¶p. C-Xv a-dn-I-S¡m\m-bn 20 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS sj-bÀ sIm-≠p-h-cm³ d_vtIm am-t\-P-vsaâ v Xo-cp-am-\n-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bmsW¶v d_v tIm sNbÀam³ C \mcm-b-W³ ] C \mcm-b-W³ d-ªp. A-Xn Ggv tIm-Sn-bp-sS sjbÀ C-t¸mÄX-s¶ h-¶p I-gnªp. Cu km¼¯nI hÀjw 125 tImSn cq]bpsS hn¸\ e£y-an-Sp¶ d_v-tIm sj-b-dn-eq-sS Np-cp§n-b Im-eb-f-hn km-¼-¯n-IØn-Xn sa-¨-s¸-Sp-¯n ]ptcmK-Xn ssIh-cn-¡m-\m-Ipsa¶ {]Xo-£-bn-em-Wv.

63


A G R I

³ m I m c o \ zm-k

B U S I N E S S

B-i

H-Sp-hn Np-h-¸p-\m-S-bp-sS Ip-cp-¡p-IÄ A-gn-bp¶p. tI-c-IÀ-jI-\v \n-e-\nÂ-¸n-\p-Å Xp-cp¯v sX-fn-bp¶p. hm-Wn-Pym-Sn-Øm-\-¯n \o-c DÂ-¸m-Zn-¸n-¡m-\p-Å \-b-]-cam-b Xo-cp-am-\w kÀ-¡mÀ kzo-I-cn-¨p I-gnªp. \o-c D¸m-Z-\-¯n-\m-bn tI-c-f _n-h-tdP-kv tImÀ-¸-tdj-sâ am-Xr--I-bn tSm-Un t_mÀ-Uv cq-]-hÂ-¡-cn-¡m-\pw Xo-cp-am-\-am-bn-«p-≠v. \m-fn-tI-c-¯nsâ -hn-ebn-Sn-bp¶ Cu Im-e-L-«-¯n \o-c D-¸m-Z-\w tI-c-f-¯nsâ Ip-Xn-¸n-\p h-gn-sX-fn-¡p-sa-¶mWv {]-Xo-£. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ kz-´w ]m-\o-b-sa-¶ te-_en ]p-d-¯n-d-§p-¶ \o-c IÀ-jI-\v an-I-¨ h-cp-am-\-am-bn-cn¡pw \Â-Ip-I. \ocbnÂ\n¶v aqeyhÀ²n-X D¸¶-§Ä Iq-Sn \nÀ-½n¡p-¶-tXmsS BZmbhpw sXmgnÂkm[yXbpw hyhkmbnI DbÀ¨bpw D-≠m-Ip-sa-¶pw {]-Xo£n-¡-s¸-Sp¶p. tI-c-f-¯n H-cp tI-c-tI-{µoIr-X k-¼-Zv-hy-h-Ø-bn-te-¡p-Å km-[y-X-I-fp-sS B-Zyhm-Xn-em-Wv \o-c DÂ-¸m-Zn-¸n-¡m-\p-Å Xo-cp-am-\-¯n-eq-sS Xp-d-¡p-¶-Xv...

t]m-j-I k-¼pãw \o-c I-Åm-sW-¶ {]-Nm-c-W-am-bn-cp-¶p \oc-sb Np-h¸p\m-S-bv-¡pÅn Ip-cp¡nb {][m-\ Im-c-Ww. A-_vIm-cn B-Îv {]-Im-cw X-f-¨n-tS-≠-Xà Cu ]m -\o-b-sa-¶ kÀ¡mÀ Xo-cp-am-\w H-«-\h-[n IÀ-j-IÀ¡v B-izm-k-ta-Ipw. ""\o-c ]p-fn-¸n-¨v D-≠m-hp-¶ D-¸¶-am-Wv IÅv. a-Zy-¯n-sâ Aw-iw H-cp X-cn -t]mep-anà F-¶p X-s¶ ]-d-bmw. t]mjI, Huj[aqey

k¼¶amb \oc £btcmK¯n\pw hnfÀ¨bv¡pw BkvXabv¡pw {]Xnhn[nbmWv. temI¯p e`yamIp¶Xn Gähpa[nIw cpNnbpw Huj[KpWhpw t]mjIaqeyhpapÅ {]IrXnZ¯ ]m\obsa¶p \ocsb hntijn¸n¡p¶p. CXp aZymwiw XoscbnÃm¯Xpw Gsd¡mew tISpIqSmsX kq£n¨p hbv¡mhp¶XpamWv,'' \m-fntI-c hn-Ik-\-t_mÀ-Uv sN-bÀam³ Sn sI tPm-kv ]-d-bp¶p. sX-§n-sâ hn-S-cm-¯ ]q¦p-e sN-¯n-bm-Wv hocyap-Å

A-ant\m B-kn-UpIÄ, hn-äm-an-\pIÄ, Im-Õyw, C-cp¼v, s]m--«m-kyw, tkm-Un-bw F-¶n-h-bp-sS km-¶n-[yhpw Cu ]m -\o-b-¯nep-≠v. sh-dp-sam-cp ]m-\o-b-sa-¶ co-Xnbn H-Xp§p-¶-Xà \o-c-bp-sS temIw. hn-hn-[ X-cw aq-ey-hÀ[n-X D-¸¶-§Ä \o-cbn \n-¶pw \nÀ-½n¡mw. \o-cbn \n¶pw \m-fn-tI-c iÀ¡-c, ]-©-km-c, sF-kv-{Iow, _n-kv-¡äv, anTmbn F-¶n-hbpw D-¸m-Zn-¸n-¡mw.

D-¸mZ-\w skm-ssk-än-IÄ hgn \q-dp tI-c-IÀ-j-IÀ h-cp-¶ \m-fntI-c DÂ-¸m-Z-I kwL-§Ä cq-]o-I-cn-¨m-bn-cn¡pw \o-c-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä. CXnÂ\n-¶v 15 ap-X 25hsc kwL-§Ä tNÀ¶v \m-fn tI-c D-¸m-Z-I s^-U-td-j\pw cq-]-h-¡-cn-¡pw. 10 s^U-td-j-\p-IÄ tNÀ-¶v \mfntI-c D-¸m-Z-I I-¼-\n-bp-≠m¡pw. \n-ehn ]-co-£-Wm-Sn-Øm-\¯n H-cp PnÃbn H-cp s^-U-td-j³ F-¶ co-Xn-bn-emIpw {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä. I-Åp sN-¯v Im-cy-am-bn CÃm-¯ Xn-cp-h-\´-]p-cw, sImÃw, ]-¯-\w-Xn-« F-¶n-h-nS-§fn c-≠p s^-U-td-j-\pIÄ-¡v A-\p-a-Xn \Â-Ipw. I-®qcpw ]m-e-¡m-«pw \m-fntI-c hnI-k-\ t_mÀ-Uv C-Xn-t\mS-Iw D-¸m-Z-I I-¼-\n-IÄ cq-]o-I-cn-¨n-«p≠v. \ocbpsS kw`cWw Cu skmsskänIÄ hgnbm¡pw. CXnsâ tIm¬s^Utdj\mbncn¡pw \oc bpsS hnXcWw, hymhkmbnImSnkvYm\¯nepÅ aqeyhÀ[nX hkvXp¡fpsS \nÀ½mWw F¶nhbv¡v NpaXe hln-¡pI. hymhkmbnIambn kwkvIcn¡m\pÅ kmt¦XnI hnZy \mfntIc hnIk\ t_mÀUv, ImÀjnI bqWnthgvknän F¶nhbpsS ]-¡-ep≠v. sX§n Ibdm³ BfnÃm¯Xpw sX§n \n¶v sN¯nbnd¡nbm DSs\ kwkvIcW kvYe¯v F¯n¨v ]pfn¡msX t\m¡Wsa¶Xpw \o-c D¸mZ\¯nsâ BZy IS¼IfmWv. I¼\nbmWv CXnsâ ]mt¡Pn§pw hn¸\bpw \S¯pIsb¶mWv Xocpam\w. CX\pkcn¨v FIv-ssk-kv N«§fn t`ZKXn hcp-t¯-≠-Xm-bn-«p≠v. \oc D¸mZ\ bqWnäv Bcw`n¡m³ H¶n\v GItZ-iw aq¶ptImSn cq] sNehp hcp-sa-¶m-Wv {]-Xo-£. sN-ehn-sâ 25i-X-am-\w k-_vknUn-bm-bn t-_mÀ-Uv \Â-Ipw. kÀ¡mÀ hI 25i-X-am-\w k-_vkn-Un-bpw D-≠mIpw. _m¡n- 50i-X-am-\w Xp-I s^-U-td-j-\p-IÄ I-s≠-¯Ww. \m fntIc t_mÀ-Unsâ IW¡\pkcn¨v kwØm\¯v 18 tImSn sX§p-I-fp≠v. AXn Hcp iXam\¯n \n ¶v Øncambn \oc sN¯n hn]W\w \S¯nbm Xs¶ e£w t]À¡v sXmgn e`n¡pw. \nehn A©p e£w sX§pIfn \n¶p IÅv sN¯m\pÅ A\paXn-bmWpÅXv. kwØm\¯v sam¯w 29,500 c-Pn-kv-t{SUv sN¯p sXmgnemfn-I-fp≠vv. ]²XnbpsS XpS¡¯n Chscbm Wv ]cnKWn¡p-I. H-cmÄ-¡v Znh-kw i-cmi-cn 15sX-§v F-¶m-Wv I-W-¡m-¡p-¶-Xv. H-cp sX§n \n¶vv {]-Xn-Zn-\w H-cp-en-äÀ \o-c D-¸m-Zn-¸n¨m X-s¶ H-cp Po-h-\-¡mc-\v am-kw 12000 cq-] thX-\w e-`n-¡pw. I-W-¡p{]-Im-cw H-cp sX§n \n-¶v i-cm-i-cn 2 en-äÀ \o-c e-`n-¡pw. A-Xn\m H-cp sXm-gn-em-fn-¡v 25000 cq-]b-v¡p ap-Ifn {]-Xn-am-kw hcp-am-\w t\Sm-\m-Ipw.

64


P R O F I L E

t^m¡kv tIcf

F¬]-Xn-sâ \n-d-hn H-cp kw-cw-`-I-Po-hn-Xw... kp-K-Ô-{Z-hy-§-fpsS cwK-¯v tem-Iw A-S-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯n-b a-e-bmfnkw-cw-`-I-\m-Wv tIm-e-t©-cn kz-tZin kn. hn tP-¡ºv. kn-s´bv-äv F-¶ kw-cw-`-¯n-eqsS tI-c-f-¯nsâ kp-K-Ô-hy-RvP\ku-c-`y-s¯ tem-Iw ap-gp-h³ F-¯n-¨ kn. hn tP-¡-ºn-sâ Po-hn-X-bm-{X-bv-¡v F¬-]-Xv h-b-kv Xn-I-bp¶p. C-¶v B-bn-cw tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hnäp-h-c-hnÂ- F-¯n-\nÂ-¡p-¶ kn-s´bv-ä- v {Kq-¸n-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bpsS Hm-tcm ]-S-hp-I-fnepw Im-c-W-h-cm-bn C-t±-l-¯n-sâ \n-d-km-¶n-[y-ap-≠m-bn-cp¶p. {Z-h-cq-]-¯n-em¡n-b kp-KÔ-hy-Rv-P-\-¯nsâ- km-[y-XI-sf {]-tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯p-t¼mÄ {]-Xn-k-Ôn-Ifpw G-sdbm-bn-cp¶p. F-¶m A-sXÃmw hn-P-b-I-c-am-bn Xc-Ww sN-bv-X kn. hn tP¡-ºv kw-cw-`-I-Po-hn-X-¯nsâ HmÀ-½-IÄ ]-¦p-h-bv-¡p¶p, F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bv-¡-\p-h-Zn-¨ {]-tXy-I A-`n-ap-J-¯n-eq-sS...

N-cn{Xw

Np-c-p¡-¯nÂ... hy-h-km-bw F-¶ tam-lw t\c-s¯ C-t±-l-¯nsâ a-\-kn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-¶p. 1951 ]-¯mw ¢m-kn ] T-\w A-h-km-\n-¸n-¨-t¸mÄ Im-¯n-cp-¶Xpw a-säm-cp tem-I-am-bn-cp-¶nÃ. A-¸\pw _-Ôp-¡fpw ]-b-äns¯fn-ª \nÀ-½m-Wta-J-e-bn k-Po-h-amIp-I F-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p B-{Klw. Cu B-{K-l-¯n-sâ ]n ³-_-e-¯n C-f-b-¸³ kn bp Nm-t¡m-sb Im-Wphm³ F-d-Wm-Ip-f-t¯-¡v h-≠n-I-b-dp-t¼mÄ {]m-bw ]-s¯m³-]-Xv. C-f-b¸-sâ Iq-sS- 6 am-kw sN-e-h-gn-¨v _n-kn-\-kn-sâ _m-e-]mT§Ä lr-ZnØ-am¡n. ]n -¶o-Sv G-ew tXm-«-¯n- k-tlmZ-co `À-¯m-hnsâ IqsS Ip-d-¨p-Im-ew. A-hn-Sp-s¯ Im-cy-§Ä a-\-knem¡n ho≠pw \nÀ-½m-W ta-J-e-bn-te-¡v. 1954 IÃmÀ-Ip-«n ssl-t{Um C-e-{În-¡v ]-²-Xnbpw, AXn-t\m-S-\p-_-Ôn¨pÅ ]m-ew \nÀ-½m-Ww G-sä-Sp-¯-Xpw ]m-c-¼cyw ]-IÀ-¶p \ÂIn-b A-dn-hnsâ -_-e-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. B ]²Xn hn-P-b-I-c-am-bn ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n \nÀ-½m-WcwK-¯v l-cn-{io-Ip-dn-¨p. A-Xn-\p-ti-jw 1959þ1960 Im-e-L-«-¯n A-¸À IÃmÀ S-W \nÀ-½m-W-¯n-eq-sS Cu cwK-¯v k-Po-h-am-hp-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. tI-c-f-¯n hn-tZ-in-IÄ am{Xw sN-bv-Xn-cp-¶ S-W \nÀ-½m-Ww G-sä-Sp-¡p-hm³ N-¦q-äw Im-Wn-¨Xpw h-gn-¯n-c-nhmbn. A-Xn-\pti-j-am-bn-cp¶p Po-hnX-¯n-se G-ähpw \nÀ-®m-b-Iam-b Im-ew. kz-´-ambn H-cp henb I-cmÀ -G-sä-Sp-¯p \-S¯p-I F-¶ `m-cn-¨ D-¯-c-hm-Zn-¯-am-bn-cp-¶p ap-¶n-se shÃp-hnfn. 1961þ 1964 h-sc-bp-Å Im-e-L-«-¯n i-_-cnKncn ]-²-Xn-bp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-« CâÀ I-WÎnw-Kv S-W \nÀ-½n-¨p-sIm-≠v B shÃp-hn-fn-tbbpw t\-cn-«p. ]²Xn hn-P-b-am-b-tXm-sS kn-hn tP-¡ºv \nÀ-½m-Wta-Je-bn-se {]-_-e-\m-bn am-dp-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. ]n-¶o-Sm-Wv tIc-fw I-≠ Gähpw h-en-b S-W aq-e-aä-¯v \nÀ½n-¨-X.v 1964 ap-X 1966 h-sc-bp-Å c-≠p hÀ-j-§Ä sIm-≠mWv \nÀ-½m-Ww ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n-bXv. C-Xn-\p ti-jw \nÀ½mW ta-J-e-bn kz-X-{´-ambn H-«-\-h[n ]-²-Xn-IÄ. aqhm-äp]p-gbm-dn-\p Ip-d-sI 600 ao-äÀ \o-f-¯n cm-a-aw-Kew ]m-ew \nÀ-½n-¨Xpw C-tX Im-e-b-f-hn X-s¶. I-cmÀcwK-s¯ {]-_-e-\m-Ip-t¼mgpw a-äp cw-K-§fn-te¡v Np-h-Spam-dp-¶-Xn-\p-Å {i-a§ -- Ä A-t±-lw B-cw-`n-¨n-cp¶p. hoSn-t\m-Sp tNÀ-¶p \n-km-chn-e-bv¡p hm§n-b 30 G-¡À ]m-d-bp-Å \n-e-am-Wv C-Xn\m-bn sXc-sª-Sp¯Xv. \nÀ-½m-W{]-hÀ-¯-\-¯n\p-Å b-{´-§Ä D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v H-cp {I-jÀ bq-Wnäv B-cw-`n-¨p. Cu kw-cw-`w C-¶pw {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p. tI-c-f-¯n-se B-Zy-s¯ b-{´-h-ÂIrX {I-j-À bqWnäv F-¶-Xm-Wv C-Xn-sâ {]-k-àn.

kn-s´bv-ä- n-sâ

]n-d-hn... H-cp _n-kn-\-kp-Im-c³ F-¶ \n-e-bn kn hn tP-¡-ºn-sâ Po-hn-X-¯n-se {][m-\ h-gn-¯n-cn-hm-bncp-¶p kn-s´bv-äv. A-{]-Xo-£n-Xam-bn-cp¶p Xp-S¡w. 1965 AÀ-_o-tbmÀ-«do-kv ss{]h-äv en-anä-Uv F-¶ I-¼-\n- B-cw-`n-¨p. ss¹-hp-Uv \nÀ-½m-W-¯n\v D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶ ]-i-bm-bn-cp-¶p I-¼-\n-bnse D-¸¶w. anI¨ co-Xn-bn _n-kn\-kv ]p-tcmKan¡th A-kw-kvIr-X h-kv-Xp-hn-sâ £m-aw {]-hÀ-¯\§-sf _m-[n¨p. I-¼-\n- ap-t¶m-«v t]m-I-W-sa-¦n C-d-¡pa-Xn-sb B-{i-bn-t¡-≠ Ah-Ø. B-bn-Sbv¡v F-Iv-kvt]m P-¸m³ 70 F-¶ {]-ZÀi-\w ImWm³ A-t±-lw P-¸m-\n F-¯n-. {Z-hcq-]-¯n-ep-Å kp-K-Ô-hy-RvP-\-¯n-sâ km-[y-X-IÄ a-\-kn-em-¡phm-\p-Å A-h-k-c-am-bn- amdn Cu {]-ZÀ-i\w. \m-«n Xn-cn-s¨-¯n-b-t¸mÄ A¯-cw _n-kn\-kv Xp-S-§-Wsa-¶v B-{K-ln-s¨-¦nepw km-t¦-Xn-Ihn-Zy ssIh-iw CÃm-bn-cp-¶p. km-t¦-Xn-Ihn-Zy A-t\z-jn-¨p-Å bm{X- kn hn tP-¡ºns\ _mw-¥q-cnse kn-F-^v-Sn-BÀsF F-¶ Øm-]-\-¯n F-¯n-¨p. A-h-cp-am-bn k-l-I-cn-¨mWv 1972 I-¼-\n- B-cw-`n-¡p-¶Xv.

kn hn tP¡ºv

C sI \yqkv_yqtdm

hn-äp-hc-hv B-bn-cw tIm-Sn...

kn-s´-bv-äv C³-U-kv-{Sn-b sI-an-¡Â-kv enanäUv F-¶m-bn-cp-¶p B-Zy-\maw. F-¶m kn-F-^vSn-BÀ-sF ]n-´p-SÀ-¶n-cp¶ km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zy-bpsS t]m-cm-bv-a-IÄ A-´m-cm-{ãX-e-¯n I-b-äp-a-Xn-¡v {]-Xn-k-Ôn kr-ãn¨p. A-´m-cm-{ã\n-e-hm-cw \n-e-\nÀ¯m³ ]pXn-b km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zy A-Xym-h-iy-am-bncp¶p. Cu-b-h-k-c-¯n-em-bn-cp¶p A-ta-cn-¡-bnse am³-lo-aÀ Bâ v I¼-\n-bp-sS k-lm-b-hm-Kv-Zm\w. C-Xn-\v Nn-e \n-_-Ô-\-Ifpw A-hÀ ap-t¶m-«p-h¨p. A-ta-cn-¡³ hn-]-Wn-bn kn-s´-bv-än-sâ DÂ-¸¶§Ä A-h-cn-eq-sS am-{Xta hnÂ-¡m³ ]m-SpÅp F-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p AXv. B \n-_-Ô-\ ]m-en¨p-sIm≠p-Å {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p ]n-¶oSv. Xp-SÀ-¶v I¼-\n-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨ s]-s«-¶m-bn-cp¶p. Cu h-fÀ-¨bp-sS L-«-¯n I¼-\n ]p-\À\m-a-Ic-Ww sN-bvXp, kn-s´bv-äv C³-Ukv-{So-kv en-an-ä-Uv. bq-tdm-]y³ hn-]-Wn-bn-epw A-ta-cn-¡³ hn-]-Wn-bnepw kzo-Im-cyX-bp-Å {_m³-Um-bn I¼\n amdn. 500 A-[n-Iw D-Â-¸-¶-§-fmWv C-¶v Cu {_m³-Un ]p-d-¯n-d§p-¶Xv. C-´y-bn \n-¶v I-b-äpa-Xn sN-¿p-¶ kp-KÔ-hy-RvP\-¯n-sâ 50 i-X-am-\hpw kn-s´-bv-än-sâ kw-`m-h-\bmWv. tem-I Un-amân-sâ 35 i-X-am-\w h-cpan-Xv. kn-s´-bv-änsâ sam-¯w hn-äp-h-c-hv 1000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bpw. 2020 A-Xv 3000 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bm¡n D-bÀ-¯p-hm-\p-Å {i-a-§-fpw ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p¶p. Akw-kvIr-X h-kv-Xp e-`y-am-Ip-¶-bnS¯v D-Â-¸mZ\w

Xp-S§p-I F-¶- \n-e-bn-te¡v I¼-\nbpw A-Xn-sâ \-b-§-fpw amdn-¡-gn-ªp. C-Xp Iq-Sp-X B-Zm-bw t\-Sp-¶-Xn-\v Øm-]\ s¯ k-lm-bn-¡p-¶p. ssN\, {ioe¦ XpS-§nb cmPy-§fnepw kns´bväv km¶n-[y-ap-d-¸n-¨p-I-gn-ªp. C-Xn-sâ-sbÃmw H-¸w I-¼-\n- C¶v dn-b F-tÌ-äv, tlmkv]n-äm-enän Xp-S§n-b ta-J-e-I-fn-te¡pw Xn-cn-ªn-cn-¡p¶p. C-h-bpsS {]-hÀ-¯-\Np-a-X-e a-¡Ä-¡v \Â-In-bn-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv kn hn tP-¡-ºv.

km-aqln-I cwK-s¯

C-S-s]-S-ep-IÄ kn-s´bv-ä- v {Kq-¸n C-¶v B-bn-c-¡-W-¡n-\v sXm-gn-em-fnIÄ tPm-en sN-¿p¶p. I-¼-\n-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-em-`-¯n \n-¶pw \-sÃm-cp Xp-I Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡m-bn \o-¡n-h-bv-¡p-¶p-ap-≠v. kn-hn-sP ^u-t≠-j³ F-¶ t]cn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ hn-ZKv-[-kw-L-am-Wv C-Xn-\p t\-XrXzw \Â-Ip-¶-Xv. F¬-]Xmw ]n-d-¶m-fnepw kn hn tP¡-ºv am-Xr-I-bm-Ip-I-bm-Wv. ]n-d-¶mÄ-Zn-\amb sk-]väw-_À 27 \v B-tLm-j-§Ä-¡p ]-I-cw AXn-\p sN-e-hm-Ip-¶ Xp-I ]m-hs¸-«-hÀ¡v \Â-Ip-sa-¶mWv ]pXn-b Xo-cp-am-\w. tcm-K-¯m h-e-bp-¶h-sc k-lm-bn-¡p-hm-\pw, hn-Zy-mÀ-°n-I-Ä-¡v ]T-\ ku-I-cy-§Ä \Â-Ip-hm\pw Cu {S-Ìn-\v km-[n-¡p-¶p≠v. hy-h-km-bcw-K-¯p-Å {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä sIm-≠p am-{X-aà kmaqln-I cwK-s¯ C-S-s]-S-ep-IÄ sIm-≠pw kn-hn tP¡-ºv tIm-e-t©-cn-¡m-cp-sS lr-Z-b-§Ä Io-g-S-¡p¶p.

65


dos«bvÂ

HmW-¡mes¯ hn-]-Wn-¡mcyw

-c≠v e-£w k-½m-\-§-Ä hm-Kv-Zm-\w sN-bvXp-sIm-≠v FÂPn B-K-kv-Xv H-¶n-\v Xs¶ HmWw Hm-^À ]²-Xn Xp-S-§n-¡-gnªp. Hm-Ww {]-am-Wn-¨v FÃm hn-sb-cm Snhn-IÄ¡pw aq-¶v hÀj-s¯ hm-cânbpw ^n-\m ³-kv ]-²-Xn-Ifpw {]-Jym-]n-¨p-sIm-≠m-Wv ]m-\-tkm-WnIv F-¯p-¶Xv. -I-gn-ª {]m-hiyw Hm-Whpw dw-km\pw G-I-tZ-iw A-Sp-¯-Sp-¯m-bn h-¶-Xn-\m Hm-W-¯n-\v {]-tXyI hn-]Wn- I-s≠¯m-t\m, {i-² ]-Xn-¸n¡mt\m B-bn-sÃ-¶v \m-j-W Ce-t{Îm-Wn-Iv-kv am-t\-Pnw-Kv Ub-d-ÎÀ sI sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n hn-i-Zo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. I-gn-ª hÀj-t¯-¡mÄ 30 i-X-am-\w Iq-Sp-X h-fÀ-¨-bm-Wv \m-j-W Ce-t{Îm-Wn-Iv-kv e-£y-an-Sp-¶-sX¶pw C-eIvvt{SmWn-Iv-kv ta-J-e-bn hen-b B-tLm-jw \-S-¡p ¶Xv Hm-W-¯n-\m-sW¶pw sam-bv-Xo³-Ip-«n ]-d-bp-¶p.

e£y-an-Sp¶-Xv tIm-Sn-I-fp-sS hnÂ-¸-\

]-ª-IÀ-¡nS-Iw IS-¶p Nn-§-sa-¯n. a-e-bm-fnIÄ HmW-s¯ h-c-thÂ-¡m-\p-Å H-cp-¡§fpw B-cw-`n¨p. A-¯-c-sam-cp H-cp-¡w hn-]-Wn-bnepw k-Po-h-am-bn--cn-¡p¶p. hnÂ-¸-\bn ]-c-amh-[n t\-«-sa-¶ tam-l-hp-ambn Hm-W-hn-]-Wn-bp-sS Ac-§v sIm-gp-¡p-I-bmWv. h-kv{X, B-`c-W, Kr-tlm-]I-c-W cw-K-¯p-Å-hÀ C-Xn-\m-bn X-bm-sd-Sp-¯p-I-gn-ªp. a-g-bm-bmepw sh-bn-em-bmepw C-¯-h-Wbpw hnÂ-¸-\ i-X-am-\w A-[n-I-am-bn-cn-¡p-sa-¶v FÃm-h-cpw D-d-¸n-¡p-¶p. A-Xn-\mbn Hm-^-dp-Ifpw hn-e-bn-f-hp-Ifpw t]m-ep-Å hn-]-W-\-X{´-§-fp-ap≠­v. kÀ¡mÀ-þAÀ²kÀ¡mÀ kvYm]\§fnse i-¼-fw t\ct¯ hnXcWw sN-¿p¶-Xpw, t_mWkpw s^-Ình Aeh³-kp-sam-s¡-bm-bn P-\-§-fp-sS ssI-I-fnte-¡v ]-W-sa-¯p-t¼mÄ A-Xp hn-]-Wn-sb A-\q-Iq-e-am-¡p-sa-¶p {]-Xo-£n-¡-p-¶p-sh¶v {]ap-J do-s«-bv-te-gv-kv F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbm-Sv ]-d-bp-¶p. tI-cf¯nse do-s«-bv-te-gv-knsâ {]-[m-\-s¸-« I-¨-h-S-Ime-s¯ F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f hn-e-bn-cp-¯p¶p. Hm-^-dp-I-fpsS Hm-Ww... Hm-^-dp-I-fp-sSbpw ku-P-\y-§-fp-sSbpw s]-cp-a-g-¡me-hp-ambm-Wv Hmtcm Hm-W-¡m-e-hp-sa-¯p-¶Xv. h-ep-¸sN-dp-¸ hy-Xym-k-anÃm-sX hym]m-c Øm-]-\-§Ä Hm-^dp-Ifpw ku-P-\y-§fpw \Â-Ip-¶p. A-dp]-Xv i-X-am-\w tjm-¸nwKpw ]À-t¨-knwKpw \-S-¡p-¶ Hm-W-¡me¯v ]-ecpw {]-Xo-£n-¡p¶Xv tIm-Sn-I-fpsS hn-äp-h-c-hmWv. Hm-W-¡m-e-¯v G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X I-¨h-Sw \-S-¡p-¶ ta-J-e-I-fm-bn sS-Iv-ssÌÂ, Kr-tlm-]-I-c-W hn]-Wn X-s¶ ap-¶n-«p \nÂ-¡p-¶p. sN-dpXpw h-ep-Xpam-b \nch-[n h-kv-{Xhym]m-c Øm-]-\-§-fp-Å tI-c-f-¯n Hm-W-ko-k-Wn sS-Iv-ssÌ ta-J-e-bn-se _n-kn\-kv I-W-¡p-Iq-«-ep-IÄ-¡p-a-¸p-d-¯m-Wv. tI-c-f-¯n-se Cet{Îm-Wn-Iv-kv Kr-tlm-]-I-c-W-§-fp-sS hnÂ-¸-\ G-I-tZiw 1500 tIm-Sn cq-]-bv-¡v ap-I-fn-se-¯pw. C-Xnepw C-c-«nbm-bn-cn¡pw sS-Iv-ssÌ ta-J-e-bn-se hn¸\.

Hmtcm ]À-t¨kn\pw H-cp k-½m-\w... Hm-W-hn-]-Wn-bn D-]-t`m-àm-hn-s\ B-IÀ-jn-¡p¶-Xp {]-[m-\-ambpw hn-e-bn-fhpw k-½m-\-§fpw X-s¶-bmWv. Hmtcm ]À-t¨-kn\pw H-cp k-½m-\-sa-¦nepw sIm-Sp-¡-Ww F-¶ A-h-Ø-bn F-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. Np-cp¡w Nne tjm-¸p-I-fnepw Øm-]-\-§-fnepw am-{X-am-bn-cp¶p C-Xp≠m-bn-cp-¶Xv. Nn-eÀ kv-{Im-¨v ImÀ-Up-Ifpw D-]-tbm-Ks¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cp-¶p. D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v Xm³ hm-§p-¶-sXt´m A-Xv \-ã-am-bn-söv tXm-¶n-¸n-¡p-¶ X-c-¯n-ep-Å k-½m-\am-Wv e-`n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p-sh¶ tXm-¶-ep-f-h-m-¡Ww. B H-cp s{S³-Um-Wv FÃm-hcpw kzo-I-cn-¡p-¶Xv. I-gn-ª H-¶-c am-k-ambn Xp-SÀ-¨-bm-bn s]bv-X a-g Imc-Ww \-ãam-b I-¨h-SwIq-Sn kz-´-am-¡m-\p-Å H-cp-¡-¯n-emWv I-¨-h-S-¡m-À. C¯-hW Hm-Ww, Nn-§w A-h-km-\-am-b-Xn-\m B am-k-¯n-sâ FÃm B-\p-Iq-ey-hpw A-{Sm-Iv-j\pw FÃm I-¨-h-S-¡mÀ¡pw e-`n-¡p-sa-¶v sIm-«m-cw t{Im¡dn thÄ-Uv U-b-d-ÎÀ Bâ-Wn tXma-kv hy-àam-¡p-¶p. Iq-Sm-sX F³-BÀ-sF-¡m-cp-sS sh-t¡-j³

66

k-a-b-¯mWv Hm-Ww h-¶n-cn-¡p-¶p-sh-¶Xpw A-\p-IqeL-S-I-am-Ip¶p. D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fpsS hn\n-tbm-K-ti-jn h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw hÀ-²n-¨n-«p≠v. Ah-sc kw-_-Ôn-¨n-St¯m-fw ]p-dw-\m-«n In-«n-bn-c-p-¶ Xp-I C-hn-sSsb-¯pt¼mÄ 20 i-X-am-\-am-bn hÀ-²n-¡p-I-bmWv. C-Xn-sâ H-cp `m-Kw amÀ-¡-än-te-s¡-¯p-¶p≠v. CXv Hm-Whn-]Wn-¡pÅ t]m-kn-äo-hm-b t\-«-am-Wv. t{Im¡-dn thÄUv G-Xv sNdn-b ]À-t¨-kn\pw D-d¸m-b k-½m-\-am-Wv \Â-Ip-¶Xv. saKm Hm-^-sd-¶ \n-e-bv-¡v t{Im¡-dn thÄ-UnÂ\n-¶v ]Àt¨kv sN-¿p-¶ I-Ì-ta-gv-knÂ\n-¶v \-dp-¡n-s«-Sp-¡p-¶-h-À¡v ssN-\-bn- t]m-Im-\p-Å Ahk-c-hpw sIm«-mcw t{Im¡-dn thÄ-Uv H-cp-¡p-¶p-s≠¶v Bâ-Wn tXma-kv ]-d-bp-¶p.

a-Õ-c-cwK¯v A-´À-tZio-b {_m³-Up-Ifpw Hm-W-hnÂ-¸-\ e-£y-am¡n tkm-Wn- I-¼-\n-bp-sS 41,000 {_mhn-b Sn-hn-I-fm-Wv tjm-dq-ap-I-fn F-¯n-bncn-¡p-¶-Xv. 21 X-c-¯n-ep-Å FÂC-Un tam-U-ep-I-fm-Wv I¼-\n ]p-Xn-b-Xmbn Hm-W-¯n-\v A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv. 16990 cq] ap-X- hn-e Xp-S-§p-¶ G-ähpw ]pXn-b {_mhn-bþBÀ t{i-Wn-bnÂ-s¸-« Sn-hnbpw tkm-Wn Hm-W-¡me-¯v F-¯n-¡p-¶p≠v. »q sd s¹-bÀ, hnhn-[ X-cw sl-Uv t^m-Wp-IÄ F-¶n-h-bm-Wv {_m-hn-b-s¡m-¸w ku-P-\y-am-bn \Â-Ip-¶-Xv. a-säm-cp Ce-t{Îm-Wn-Iv-kv Kr-tlm-]I-c-W I-¼-\nbm-b jmÀ]v FÂ-kn-Un, FÂCUn sS-en-hnj³ hnÂ-¸-\-bn h³ Ip-Xn-¨pNm-«-am-Wv Däp-t\m-¡p¶-Xv. G-sd ]p-Xp-a-IÄ \n-d-ª-Xpw Ìm³-Uv CÃm-sX X-s¶ N-cnt¨m t\sctbm sh-¡m³ ]-äp-¶ 32 C©v Un-ssk-\À FÂC-Un Sn-hn jmÀ]v Hm-W¯n\v hn-]-Wn-bn ]p-Xn-b-Xm-bn A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶p≠v. Iq-SmsX In-wKv FÂC-Un s^-Ìn-h F-¶ t]-cn Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw sIm¨n, tIm-gn-t¡mSv, I-®qÀ F-¶o Pn-ÃI-fn-em-bn hen-b Sn-hn-I-fp-sS {]-ZÀ-i-\-hpw H-cp-¡p¶p. H-cp D¸-¶w hm-§p-t¼mÄ H-cp k-½m-\w Dd-¸v \Â-Inbpw {]-Xn-Zn-\w 50,000 cq-] hn-e-bp-Å H-cp kv-amÀ«v tlmw PmIv-t]m-«v k-½m-\w kz-´-am-¡m\pw A-hkcsam-cp-¡n-s¡m-≠m-Wv kmwkMv Hm-Whn-]-Wn-bn-se¯p-¶-Xv. H-¶masâ HmWm-tLm-j-§Ä F-¶ t]-cnÂ

Hm-W-¡me¯v sS-Iv-kv-ssä Kr-tlm-]I-c-W, Cet{Îm-Wn-Ivkv ta-J-e-Ifn \n-¶pÅ sam-¯w hnÂ-¸-\ h-cp-am-\w G-I-tZ-iw \m-em-bn-cw tIm-Sn-bn -A[n-Iam-Wv. C-Xn-eqsS kÀ-¡m-À J-P-\m-hn-te¡v \n-Ip-Xnbn-\-¯n \-sÃm-cp Xp-I-bm-Wv h-¶p tN-cp-¶Xv. ]-e h-¼³-amcpw tIm-Sn-I-fp-sS hnÂ-¸-\ e-£y-am-¡n-bmWv Hm-W-¯n-\v F-¯p¶-Xv Xs¶. kmw-k-§m-Is« Hm-W¯n-\v 250 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hn-äp-h-c-hv D-d-¸n-¡m-\mWvv F-¯p-¶Xv. I-¼-\n-bp-sS I-gn-ª Hm-W-¡mes¯ hn¸-\-tb-¡mÄ 32 i-X-am-\-t¯m-fw A-[n-I-am-WnXv. Z-£ntW-´y-bn kmw-k-Mnsâ hym-]m-c-¯n-sâ aq¶n-sem-¶v \-S-¡p¶-Xv tI-c-f-¯n-emWv. I-gn-ª hÀ-jw tZio-b X-e-¯n 27,000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hn-äp-hc-hv t\Sn-b I-¼-\n 30 i-X-am-\w h-fÀ-¨-bmWv Cu hÀ-jw e-£y-anSp-¶-Xv Xs¶. ap³ hÀ-j§-sf A-t]-£n¨v Hm-W hn]-Wn an-I-¨Xm-bn-cn-¡p-sa-¶ I-W-¡p-Iq-«-en-se-¯p¶ jmÀ-]v 100 tIm-Sn cq-]bp-sS _n-kn-\-km-Wv ssI-h-cn¡m-s\m-cp-§p¶Xv. Cu Hm-Ww ko-k-Wn 360 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hn¸-\- D-d-¸n¨p-sIm≠m-Wv FÂ-Pn F-¯p-¶-Xv. I-gn-ª hÀ-j-t¯-¡mÄ 15 i-X-am-\w Iq-Sp-X-em-Wn-Xv. C-Xn-\v hn-]p-eam-b DÂ-¸-¶ irw-J-e-I-fm-Wv I¼-\n H-cp-¡n-bn«p-f-f-Xv. 3 Un kv-amÀ-«v Sn-hn DÄ-¸-sS 30 te-sd tam-U-epI-fmWv Cu hn-`m-K-¯n-ep-ÅXv. Idâ v t]m-bmepw F-«v a-Wn-¡qÀh-sc io-Xo-Ic-Ww km-[y-am-Ip-¶, F-hÀ-IqÄ km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zy-bn \nÀ-an-¨ d-{^n-P-td-ä-dp-Ifpw FÂPn A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p¶p. tI-c-f-¯n I-gn-ª hÀ-jw 620 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hn-äp-hc-hv t\Sn-b I¼-\n C-¡p-dn 750 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv e-£y-an-Sp-¶Xv. tZio-b X-e-¯nemI-s« ap³ hÀ-j-s¯ 16000 tIm-Sn cq-]-tb-¡mÄ 20 i-X-am-\w t\-«-t¯m-sS 19000 tIm-Sn cq-] t\-Sm-sa-¶m-Wv I-¼-\n-bp-sS {]-Xo-£. 125 tIm-Sn cq-]-bpsS Hm-Whn]Wn {]-Xo-£n¨p-sIm-≠m-Wv ]m-\-tkm-Wn-Iv F-¯p-¶-Xv. 3Un DÄ-¸-sS-bp-Å ]m-\ sS-en-h-nj-\p-I-fn-em-Wv I¼\n C¯-h-W {i-²-bq¶p-¶-Xv.

ssh-hn-[y-hp-am-bn X\-Xv {_m³-Up-IÄ F-{X \yq-P-\-td-j³ X-cw-Kap-s≠-¦nepw Hm-W-am-k¯n-se h-kv-{Xhn-]-Wn-bn bp-h-P-\-X-bp-sS ^m-j³ A-`n-cpNn F¶pw {S-Uo-j-W tam-U- h-kv-{X-§tfm-Sm-bn-cn-¡pw. JmZn ap≠pw I-k-hp-km-cn-bp-saÃmw Cu Hm-W-¯n\pw X-cw-K-am-Ipw. tI-c-f Jm-Zn {Km-a hy-hkmb t_mÀUpw kw-Øm\-s¯ Jm-Zn Øm-]-\§fpw kw-bp-à-am-bn kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶ ta-f- Hm-K-kv-ä aq-¶n-\v X-s¶ Xp-S-§n-bn-cp¶p. sSIv-ssÌ ta-J-e-bnse {]-ap-Jcpw h-kv-{X ssh-hn-[y-hp-w Un-kvIu-≠p-I-fpambn Hm-W-¡me- hn-]-Wn-sb B-tLm-j-am-¡p¶p.

Hm-W-hn-]-Wn-bn-se Ip-ª³-amÀ hnhn-[ am-[y-a-§-fn ]-c-kyw \Â-In e-£-§-fpsSbpw tIm-Sn-I-fp-sSbpw hnÂ-¸-\-e-£y-§Ä h³In-S I-¼-\nIÄ Øm-]n-¡p-t¼mÄ AXn-sem¶pw A-¼-c¡m-sXbpw B-i-¦-s¸-Sm-sXbpw Hm-W-hn]-Wn ssIb-S-¡p-¶ Hcp Iq-«-cp≠v. h-gn-hm-Wn-`- I¨hS¡mÀ. Hm-W-¡me-¯v sN-dpXpw h-epXpam-b \n-ch-[n do-s«bv tjm-¸p-I-fn-te-Xn-\v Xp-eyam-b hnÂ-¸-\ e-`n-¡p-¶ Iq-«-cmWv Hm-W-hn-]-Wn-bn-se Ip-ª³-am-sc-¶ hn-ti-jn¸n-¡m-hp-¶ ChÀ.


aebm-fn A-t¶hsc A-\p-`-hn-¡m-¯ tjm-¸nw-Kv hn-kv-abw, C-´y-bn-se X-s¶ G-ähpw hen-b amÄ F-¶ hn-tij-W-t¯m-sS ep-ep am-fn-sâ hm-Xm-b-\§Ä Xp-d-¶t¸mÄ FÃm-hÀ-¡p-a-sXmcp ]pXn-b A-\p-`-ha-m-bn-cp¶p. C-¶p {]-Xn-Zn-\w A-¼-Xn-\m-bn-c-¯n-e-[nIw B-fp-IÄ F-¯p-¶ ep-ep am-fn temI-{]-i-kv-Xam-b _-lpap-J {_m³-Uv DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä e-`y-am-Wv. tjm-¸nw-Kv F-¶-Xn-\p]-cn Ip-Spw-_-hp-sam¯v DÃkn-¡m\pw H-gn-hp-th-f-IÄ sN-e-gn¡m-\p-ap-Å C-ã CS-ambn ep-ep amÄ am-dn-¡-gnªp.

c-

≠-c anÃy¬ kv-Iz-bÀ-^o-än 1600 tIm-Sn sN-e-hn H-cp tjm-¸nw-Kv amÄ. {]-hm-kn kw-cw-`-I³ Fw F bq-k^-en-bp-sS ep-ep amÄ \nÀ-½m-W-L-«-¯n-¯-s¶ GhÀ¡pw AÛp-X-ambncp¶p. H-Sp-hn 2013 amÀ-¨v ]-¯n\v C-S-¸-Ån-bn C-´y-bn-se G-ähpw hen-b tjm-¸nw-Kv amÄ F-¶ hn-ti-j-W-t¯m-sS ep-ep-hn-sâ hn-kv-a-b-§fn-te-¡pÅ hm-Xn-ep-IÄ s]m-Xp-P-\-§Ä-¡m-bn Xpd-¶p sIm-Sp-¯p. hn-tZ-i-cm-Py§-sf t]mepw shÃp-¶ co-Xnbn-epÅ tjm-¸nw-Kv A-\p-`-h-am-Wv ep-ep am-fn \n-¶p e-`-n-¡p-I. _-lpap-J {_m³-Uv h-kv-{X§Ä, ^m-j³ DÂ-¸-¶-§-Ä, B-`-c-W§Ä, C-eIvvt{Smm-Wn-Iv-kv D¸-¶-§Ä XpS-§n-b FÃm¯-cw km-[-\-§fpw C-hn-sS \n¶pw e-`n-¡pw. Iq-Sm-sX hn-im-eam-b ^pUv-tImÀ-«v, d-kv-ädâpIÄ, tIm-^n tjm-¸p-IÄ, FâÀ-sS-bn³saâ v tI-{µ-§Ä XpS-§n FÃm¯-cw ku-I-cy-§-fpw ep-ep am-fn-s\ H-cp DÃm-k-tI{µw Iq-Sn-bm-¡n am-äp-¶p. tIc-f-¯n-se {]-ap-Jam-b Pp-hÂ-dn {_m³-Up-I-sfÃmw C-hnsS-bp-≠v. C-´y-bn-se amÄ N-cn-{X-¯n B-Zy-ambn- t^-kv-_p-¡v t]-Pn -c≠p am-k-¯n-\p-Ån H-cp e-£-¯n¸-cw sse-¡p-IÄ In-«m-\mb-Xv ep-ep am-fnsâ {]-i-kv-Xn-¡v D-Zm-l-c-W-am-Wv.

B-tKm-f {_m³-Up-IÄ ssI-sb-¯pw-Zq-c-¯v... B-tKm-f {_m³-UpIÄ ssI-sb¯pw Zq-c-s¯¯n F-¶-Xm-Wv ep-ep amÄ h-¶-Xn-eq-sS-bp-Å {][m-\ t\«w. ap¼v, C¯-cw {_m³-Up-IÄ-¡m-bn hn-tZ-i-cmPy§-sf B-{i-bn-t¡-≠ A-h-Ø-bm-bn-cp-¶p. \n-ch-[n cm-Pym-´-c {_m³-Up-I-fm-Wv ep-ep am-fn-eq-sS tI-cfo-b-cp-sS ssI-sb¯pw Zqc-¯v F-¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶-Xv. temI-s¯ G-ähpw hen-b ^m-Ì-v^p-Uv irw-J-ebmb aIv-sUm-WmÄ-Uv-kv, bpF-kv ^p-Svsh-bÀ B³-Uv B-Ivk-k-do-kv tÌmdm-b Im-äÀ]nÃÀ, hm-¨v {_m³-Up-Ifmb

tdm-f-Iv-kv, sa³-kv ^mj³ tÌmdp-Ifm-b Pm-Iv B³-Uv tPm¬kv, sken-tbm, hp-a¬-kv ^mj³ kv-tämÀ shtcm tam-U, _yq-«n B³U-v shÂ\kv Hu-«v-se-äp-Ifmb A-tcm-a Xmbv, t_m-Un tjm¸v, _p-Ivkv Kn-^väv tjm-dq-ap-Ifm-b hneyw s]³, t{Im-kvth-Uv, Ip-Spw-_-¯n-\v hn-t\m-Zw ]-I-cm³ kv-]m-À¡okv F-¶nhbpw Ce-t{Îm-Wn-Iv-kv t{]mU-Îv kv-täm-dm-b B-¸nÄ, C-am-Pn³ tÌm-dp-Ifpw sh-Ìv-ssk-Uv t]m-ep-Å C-´y³ {_m³-Up-I-fpw ep-ep am-fn-eq-sS tI-c-f-¡-c-bn-se-¯n. C-Xn Im-äÀ ]nÃÀ C-´y-bn-em-Zy-am-bn A-h-X-cn-¸n¡-s¸«-Xv ep-ep am-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv A³-]-Xn-e-[n-Iw {] ap-J {_m³-Up-I-fm-Wv ep-ep tI-c-fo-b-cp-sS ap-¶n-tes¡-¯n-¡p-¶Xv. \m-ep \n-e-I-fn-em-bp-Å ep-ep amÄ H-cp B-tKmf tjm-¸nw-Kv ]-cn-N-b¯n-s\m-¸w hn-h-n[ t{i-Wn-bn-ep-Å DÂ-¸-¶§-sf I-≠-dn-bm-\pw ^m-j³ cw-K-¯p-Å ]p-Xp-]p-¯³ s{S³-Up-IÄ a-\-kn-e-m-¡p-¶Xn-\pw h-gn-sbm-cp-¡p-¶p.

DÃm-k-¯n-sâ amÄ tjm-¸nw-Kn-\p am{Xw am-fn-se¯p-I F-¶ ]-g-bco-Xn s]m-fn-s¨-gp-Xn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p ep-ep amÄ. ho-s¡³Up-IÄ C-\n C-hnsS B-tLm-j-n-¡m-sa-¶v ]-d-bp-¶ co-Xn-bn-te-¡m-Wv ep-ep-amÄ F¯n-bn-cn¡p¶-Xv. hn-t\m-Z-¯n G-ähpw F-Sp-¯p]-d-tb-≠ L-S-Iw 30 tIm-Sn ap-XÂ-ap-S-¡n 71,000 N-Xpc-{i A-Sn-bn 2,192 ko-äp-I-tfm-sS-bp-Å aÄ«n-¹Ivkv Xob-ä-dmWv. {]ap-J ^nenw FâÀ-sS-bn³-saâ v I-¼-\nbmb ]n-hn-BÀ en-anäUv {Kq-¸ntâXm-Wn-Xv. Iq-Sm-sX tI-c-f-¯n-se G-ähpw henb t_m-fn-wKv B-enbpw ep-ep am-fn-te-Xp X-s¶. Z-£n-tW-´y-bn-se B-Zys¯ sF-kv kv-tI-änw-Kv B-cw-

`n-¨Xpw C-hn-sS Xs¶. kv-]mÀ-¡okn-emWv sFkpw a®pw hnhn-[ X-«p-I-fn-em-bn {I-ao-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶ sF-kv kv-tI-änw-Kv dnw-Kv Ip-«n-IÄ-¡m-bn H-cp-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. a-säm-cp kv-s]-jym-en-än F-¶v ]-d-bp-¶-Xv 22 hn-`-h§Ä e-`n-¡p-¶ c-≠m-bn-c-¯n Iq-Sp-X ko-änw-Kv I-¸m-kn-än-bp-Å ^pUv-tImÀ-«m-Wv. C-sXÃmw H-cp-an-¨p e-`n-¡p-¶ a-säm-cn-Sw C-sÃ-¶Xpw ep-ep am-fn-sâ kzoImcy-X hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-¶p. {_m³-Up-I-fp-sS e-`y-X-bn am-{Xaà ]mÀ-¡nw-Kn-sâ Im-cy-¯nepw A-Xn-_r-l¯m-b ku-I-cy-am-Wv ep-ep am-fn Hcp-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. 3000 hm-l-\-§Ä-¡v h-sc kp-K-a-am-bn C-hn-sS ]mÀ-¡v sN¿mw. C-{X-b-[n-Iw hm-l-\-§Ä ]mÀ-¡v sN-¿m-\p-Å H-cp Ø-esamcp¡p-I F-¶ h-kvXp-X X-s¶ am-fn-eq-sS {]-Xo-£n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ _n-kn\-kv F-{X-bm-sW¶v Du-ln¡m-hp-¶-tX-bp-Åp. tjm-¸nw-Kv am-fp-Ifpw tjm-¸nw-Kv tImw-¹-Iv-kp-I-fp-apÅ sIm-¨n-bn I-Ì-ta-gv-kn-\v G-ähp-a-[-n-Iw X-e-th-Z-\ krjvSn-¡p-¶ L-S-I-am-Wv ]m À-¡nw-Kv ku-I-cyw. ep-ep am-fn A-sXm-cp {]-iv-\-tabÃm-Xm-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. e≠³ B-Øm-\am-b hn-Jym-X Un-ssk³ F³-Pn\o-b-dnw-Kv hn-Z-Kv-[cm-b U-_v-fn-bp F-kv A-äv-In³-km-Wv ep-ep am-fn-sâ cq-]-IÂ-¸-\ \nÀ-h-ln-¨Xv. \nÀ-am-W-¯nsâ Npa-X-e \nÀam-W cwK-s¯ `o-a³-amcm-b j-]qÀ-Pn ]-tÃm³Pn F³Pn-\o-b-dnw-Kv B³-Uv I¬-kv-{S-£tâXm-bn-cp¶p. C-c-« {]-th-i-\ I-hm-S-sa-¶ {]-tXy-I-X-Ibpw ep-ep am-fn-\p≠v.

Sq-dn-kw cw-K-¯n\pw D-WÀ-hv... tjm-¸nwKn\pw DÃm-k-¯n-\p-sa¶ t]m-se Sq-dn-kw `q-]-S-¯nepw ep-ep amÄ km-¶n-[y-am-hp-I-bmWv. Sq-dn-ÌpIÄ-¡v cm-Pym-´-c \n-e-hm-c-¯n-epÅ tjm-¸nw-Kv A-\p`-h-w ep-ep amÄ \Â-Ip-sa-¶ Im-cy-¯n kw-i-b-anÃ. tjm-¸nw-Kv ta-J-e-bn B-tKm-f{i-² ]n-Sn-¨p ]-ä-¯-¡ hn-[-¯n tI-c-f-¯n-\v ]pXn-b taÂhn-em-kw \Â-IpI-bm-Wv ep-ep amÄ. amÄ Xp-S-§n-¡-gn-ªv \n-ch-[n C-hâp-IÄ ep-ep am-fn kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡p-I-bp-≠mbn. 52 Znh-kw \o-≠p-\n¶ F³-BÀ-sF C-hâ v h³ hn-P-bam-bn-cp-s¶-¶v ep-ep amÄ _n-kn\-kv slUv jn-_p ^n-en-]v-kv hy-à-am-¡p-¶p. sk-]v-äw-_À B-dv ap-X 22 h-sc kw-L-Sn-¸n¡p¶ Hm-Ww s^-Ìn-h-en \n-ch-[n aÕ-c-§fpw \m-S³ I-em-]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡m\p-Å H-cp-¡-¯n-em-Wv amÄ A-[n-IrXÀ.

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Hmt«msam_oÂ

an-I-hn-sâ ssa-tePnÂ

AÀ-¨-\ tam-t«m-gv-kv I-Sp-¯ aÕ-cw A-c-t§-dp-¶ cw-K-am-Wv hm-l-\-hn-]Wn. {]-Xn-Zn-\w Ip-Xn-¡p-¶ hm-l-\-hn-]-Wn-bn H-cp km-¶n-[y-ap-d-¸n¡p-I F¶-Xp \n-km-c -Im-cy-aÃ. F-¶m Np-cp§n-b Im-e-¯n-\p-Ån P-\-lr-Zb-§-fn hy-àam-b km-¶n[yw A-dn-bn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p Xr-iqÀ B-Øm-\-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ AÀ-¨-\ tam-t«m-gvkv. hf-sc s]s«-¶pX-s¶ h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS th-Kw ssI-h-cn-¡m-\mb-Xv tk-h-\-an-Ishm-¶p sIm-≠p am-{X-am-sW-¶v ]-d-bp-¶p AÀ-¨\ tam-t«m-gv-kn-sâ am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ jn-_p tPm_vv XpS-¡w C-cp-N-{I-hm-l-\-hn-]-Wn-bnÂ... 2010 _-Pm-Pv Uo-eÀ-jn-¸p-am-bn C-cpN-{I hm-l-\-hn-]-Wn-bn-em-bn-cp-¶p

A-À-¨-\ tam-t«m-gv-kn-sâ Xp-S¡w. XpSÀ-¶v 2011 Sm-ä-bp-sS I-ta-gv-ky hml-\- Uo-eÀ-jn-¸v B-cw-`n-¨p. \n-e-hn AÀ-¨\ tam-t«m-gv-kn-\v _-Pm-Pn-sâ \m-ev jn_p tPm_v

sk-bnÂ-knepw kÀ-Æo-knepw k-hn-ti-j -{i² U-bd-Îv {_m©p-Ifpw, A-Xn-\p-Io-gn B-dv a-äv {_m©pIfpw {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶p. C-Xn-s\Ãmw jn-_p tPm-_ns\ {]m-]v-X-\m-¡nb-Xv hÀj-§-fpsS {]-hr¯n-]-cn-N-bhpw ITn-\m-[zm-\-hp-am-Wv.

ku-¯v C-´y³ amÀ-¡-än-se i-àam-b km-¶n-[yw.. D-]-t`m-àm-¡f-- psS B-h-iy-§Ä ap³Iq-«n-b-dnªv {]-hr-¯n¡m³ R-§-fp-sS So-an-\p I-gn-bm-dp-≠v. Hmtcm I-kv-ä-a-dn-\pw {]-tXy-I{i-² \Â-Inbpw D-Nn-Xam-b Xocp-am-\-§-fn-te-¡v Ah-sc \-bn-¡m\pw sk-bnÂ-kv Sow {i-² ]p-eÀ-¯p¶p. Sm-ä-bp-sS Ita-gvky hm-l-\am-b sFdn-kn-sâ sk-bnÂkn ku-¯v C-´y³ hn-]-Wnbn 52 i-X-am-\w ssI¿mfm³ AÀ-¨-\-bv-¡p I-gn-ªXpw Cu Im-cW§Ä sIm-≠m-sW-¶v jn-_p ]-d-bp¶p. R-§-fp-sS h-fÀ-¨bn i-àn]-IÀ-¶ tam-U-ep-I-fmWvv Sm-ä-bp-sS F-bvkv, amPn¡v, am-Pn-¡v sF-dn-kv F-¶n-h. Hmt«mdn£ F-¶ B-i-b-s¯ ]qÀ-®-am-bn s]m-fn-s¨-gp-Xm³ am-Pn-¡v sF-dn-kn-\p I-gnªp. D-S\-Sn hn-]-Wnbn C-h-bp-sS ]pXn-b tam-U-ep-IÄ Iq-Sn F-¯p-¶-tXmsS Iq-Sp-X \-¶m-bn hn-]-Wnbn s] À-t^mw sN-¿m-sa-¶p I-cp-Xp¶p. G-Xp {_m³-Up-am-bn-t¡ms« \à tam-U-epw an-I-¨ s]À-t^m-a³kpw Im-gv-¨-h-bv-¡p-Ibm-sW¦n tI-c-f¯n G-XpX-cw hml-\-§-fpw \-¶m-bn hn-ä-gn-bpw. A-Xpt]mse hn-]-co-XIm-c-W-§-fm Xn-c-kv-I-cn-¡s¸-Sp-¶Xpw s]-s«-¶m-Wv, jn-_p Iq-«nt¨À-¡p¶p.

68

sk-bnÂ-kn F¶t]m-se kÀ-hokpw an-I-hmÀ-¶X -- m-bn-cn-¡m-³ AÀ-¨-\ tam-t«m-gv-kv A-Xo-h{i-² ]-Xn-¸n-¡p¶p. Xr-iqcpw ]m-e-¡m-Sp-apÅ kÀ-ho-kv kv-täj-\p-I-fn-eqsS am-k¯n 2000 k-À-hokv \-S-¯p-¶p. 24 a-Wn¡qÀ Hm¬tdm-Uv sam-ss_ tk-h-\-hpw I¼-\n D-d-¸p-h-cp¯p-¶p. Iq-Sm-sX Nm-e-¡p-Snbn ]pXn-b kÀ-ho-kv tI-{µhpw Xr-iqÀ, ]m-e-¡m-Sv F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn tjm-dq-ap-Ifpw Xp-S-§m-³ ]-²-Xn-bp≠v. FÃmhn-[ tk-h-\-§fpw H-cp Ip-S-¡o-gn-se-¶ t]m-se D-]-t`m-àm¡Ä-¡v e-`n-¡p-¶p F-¶-Xm-Wv {]-tXy-IX. A-hÀ-¡p R-§fn \n-¶p e-`n-¡p-¶ tk-h-\-¯n-sâ an-I-hn-\-\p-kr-X-am-b-ncn¡pw I-¼-\n-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨. AÀ-¨-\- tamt«m-gv-kn-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bn Po-h-\-¡mÀ-¡p-Å ]-¦v hf-sc h-ep-Xm-Wv. Po-h-\-¡m-À¡m-bn s{Sbv-\nwKv t{]m-{Kmapw an-I-¨ {]-hÀ¯-\w Im-gv-¨-h-b-v¡p-¶-hÀ-¡v B-\p-Iq-ey-§fpw t{]m-Õm-l-\hpw I-¼-\n-bp-sS `mK-¯p \n-¶p \Â-Im-dp-≠v. FÃm am-k-¯nepw hnhn-[ L-«-§-fn-em-bp-Å NÀ-¨-I-fn-em-Wv I-¼-\n ]e Xo-cp-am-\-§fpsa-Sp-¡p-¶Xv. Iq«m-b NÀ-¨-I-fn-eq-sS F-Sp-¡p-¶ Xo-cpam\-§Ä \-S-¸m-¡p-¶-Xn-eq-sS t\«-§Ä sIm¿m³ R-§Ä-¡m-bn-«p-≠v, jn-_p tPm_v ]-d-bp¶p. I-gn-ª km-¼¯n-I hÀ-j¯n 2000 Sm-ä Ita-gvky hm-l-\-§fpw 4000 C-cpN-{I hm-l-\§fpw hn¡m³ AÀ¨-\ tam-t«m-gv-kn-\p I-gnªp. Sm-ä-bp-sS s_-kv-äv sU_yqäâ v 2012þ13 A-hmÀUpw AÀ-¨-\ tam-t«m-gv-kv I-c-Ø-am-¡n-bn-«p-≠v. tlm-kv-¸n-äm-en-än, C-e-Iv-{Sn-¡Â F-¶o _n-kn\kv cw-K-§-fnepw AÀ-¨-\ {Kq-¸n\p km-¶n-[y-ap≠v.


sSIvt\m-fPn

{]tbm-P-\-I-cam-b

_n-kn\-kv ¢u-Uv B-¹n-t¡-j-\p-IÄ

Pv sN-¿p-hm³ \n§-sf k-lm-bn-¡p-¶ ¢u-Uv B-¹n-t¡-j-\mWv Quickbooks. Intuit F-¶ I-¼-\n-bmWv Cu ¢u-Uv B-¹n-t¡j³ ]p-d-¯n-d-¡p-¶Xv. _-Päv, Iym-jv ^vtfm, VAT, _n-kn\-kv dn-t¸mÀ-«v Xp-S-§n-b-h-sbÃmw F-fp-¸-¯n am-t\-Pv sN-¿p-hm³ Quickbooks hnhn-[ Øm-]-\§sf k-lm-bn-¡p¶p. quickbooks.intuit.co.uk.

Mozy

{]-i-kv-Xam-b H-cp ^-bÂ/t^mÄ-UÀ _m-¡v A-]v kÀ-Æo-km-Wv Mozy. \n-§-fpsS Iw-]yq-«-dn-ep-Å hf-sc {]-[m-\-s¸-« Um-ä b-Ym-kabw Hm¬-sse³ _m-¡v A-¸v sN-¿p-hm³ Mozy (mozy.co.uk) \n§sf k-lm-bn-¡p¶p. sNe-hv hf-sc Ip-dªXpw D-bÀ-¶ kpc-£m kw-hn-[m-\-§fp-ap-Å _m-¡v A-¸v ku-I-cy-amWv Mozy H-cp-¡p-¶Xv. G-sX-¦nepw Im-c-W-h-im \n-§-fp-sS Iw-]yq-«-dn-se Um-ä \-in-¨m A-h Xn-cn-s¨-Sp-¡p-hm-\p-Å ku-I-cyhpw Mozy ¢u-Uv kÀ-Æo-kv H-cp-¡p¶p.

Mail Chimp

tP¡_v t__n

¢u-Uv Iw -]yq-«nw-Kn-s\-¡p-

dn-¨pw, A-Xn-sâ {]-tbm-P-\-§sf-¸-än-bpw _n-kn-\-kn A-Xn\p-Å {]m-[m-\y-s¯-¸-änbpw \mw I-gn-ª e-¡-¯n a-\-kn-em-¡n. ¢u-Uv Iw-]yq-«nw-Kn-sâ i-cnbm-b D-]-tbm-Kw aq-ew h-f-sc-¡p-d-ª sNe-hn-epw, Ip-d-ª a-\p-jy-hn`-h ti-jn-bnepw tem-tIm-¯-c \n-e-hm-c-ap-Å _n-kn\-kv kn-kväwkv \-½p-sS Øm-]-\-§-fnepw sIm-≠p-h-cm-hp-¶-tX-bpÅq. \-½psS \m-«n-ep-Å hnhn-[ Øm-]-\§Ä-¡v hf-sc {]-tbm-P-\-I-camb [m-cmfw Hm¬-sse³ ¢u-Uv B-¹n-t¡-j-\p-IÄ CâÀ-s\-än e-`y-amWv. Iq-Sp-X Im-cy-£-a-Xbn _n-kn\-kv ap-t¶m-«p sIm≠p t]m-Im³ k-lm-bn-¡p-¶ G-Xm\pw B-¹n-t¡-j-\pI-sf \-ap-¡v ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Smw. Google Apps.. hf-sc {]-ikv-Xamb Gmail C-sa-bn kwhn-[m-\-¯n-sâ CâÀ-t^-knÂ, hnhn-[ Øm-]-\§Ä¡mbn Google A-hX-cn-¸n-¡p-¶ C-sabnÂ, tUm-Iyp-saâ vkv, I-e-≠À kwhn-[m-\-amWv Google Apps. \n-§-fp-sS Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ sh_v-ssk-än-sâ t]cn Google Apps sâ k-lm-b-t¯m-sS C-sa-bn A-¡u-≠p-IÄ \n-§Ä-¡v D-≠m-¡p-hm³ km-[n-¡pw. Gmail C-sabn kÀ-Æo-kn-\p-Å FÃm kw-hn-[m-\§fpw A-Xn-e-[n-Ihpw Google Apps eq-sS

Øm-]-\-§Ä-¡v e-`y-amWv. www.google.com/a/

Microsoft Office 365

hnhn-[ Øm-]-\-§Ä-¡v X-§-fp-sS

]-c-ky-§fpw \yq-kv se-ä-dp-Ifpw Unssk³ sN-bv-Xv D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v Ab-¡p-hm³ k-lm-bn-¡p-¶ ¢u-Uv B-¹nt¡-j-\mWv Mail Chimp. Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS B-h-iy-a-\p-k-cn-¨pw, D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS F-®-a-\p-k-cn-¨p-ap-Å hy-Xykv-X FUnj-\p-I-fn Mail Chimp B-¹n-t¡-j³ kÀ-Æo-kp-IÄ e-`y-amWv www.mailchimp.com

Evernote hn-h-n[ Øm-]\§Ä, X-§-fp-sS Po-h\-¡m-cp-sS Im-cy£-a-X hÀ²n-¸n-¡p-hm³ km[m-c-W-bmbn sticky notes D-]-tbm-Kn¡m-dpp≠v. km-[m-cW-bm-bn sU-kvIvtSm-¸v Iw-]yq-«dntem em]v-tSm¸ntem am{Xw D-]-tbm-Kn-¡m-hp-¶ C¯cw sticky notes Im-cy-am-bn {]-tbmP-\w sN-¿m-dnÃ. F-¶m hy-Xy-kvX Ø-e-§-fn-en-cp¶v, hy-Xykv-X Iw-]yq-«nw-Kv D-]-I-c-W-§-fn-encp¶v Hm¬-sse³ notes D≠m-¡p-hm \pw hm-bn-¡p-hm\p-ap-Å- kw-hn-[m-\-amWv Evernote H-cp-¡p-¶Xv. www.evernote.com

\n-§-fp-sS Øm-]-\-¯nsâ IT B-hiy-¯n-\p-X-Ip-¶ Iq-Sp-X ¢u-Uv B-¹n-t¡-j-\p-IÄ CâÀ-s\-än e-`yamWv. B-[p\n-I _n-kn\-kv tem-Iw sU-kv-Iv tSm¸v B-¹n-t¡-j-\p-I-fnÂ\n-¶v ¢u-Uv B-¹n-t¡-j-\p-I-fn-te-¡v ]qÀ-®-ambn-am-dp-¶ Im-ew hn-Zq-caÃ. (Nesote Technologies -amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvS-dmWv teJ-I³, E-mail: jacobbbc@gmail.com)

Microsoftsâ

hf-sc {]-i-kv-Xamb Oftkm-^v-äv-sh-b-dp-I-fpsS Hm¬-sse³, ¢u-Uv thÀ-j-\mWv 365. Saas tam-U-en Un-ssk³ sN-bv-Xn-cn-¡p-¶ Cu B-¹n-t¡-j³ D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS B-h-iy-a-\p-k-cn-¨v hy-Xykv-X F-Un-j\p-I-fn e-`y-amWv. thÀUv, F-IvkÂ, ]hÀ-t]m-bnâ v, Hu-«v-ep¡v, A-Ivk-kv Xp-S§n-b {]-iv-Xamb B-¹n-t¡-j\p-IÄ Ip-d-ª sNe-hn CâÀ-s\-än-eqsS tem-I-s¯-hn-sS-\n¶pw hnhn-[ Unssh-kp-I-fn \n-¶v D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-hm³ 365 \n§-sf k-lm-bn-¡p¶p.

Box hnhn-[ Iw-]yq-«-dpIfpw samss_ D-]I-c-W-§fpw X-½n ^-b-epIÄ sj-bÀ sN¿p-hm-\p-Å H-cp amÀ-K-amWv www.box.com F-¶ sh_vssk-äv H-cp-¡p¶ Box F-¶ ¢u-Uv B-¹n-t¡j³. hf-sc {]-[m-\-s¸-« ^-bep-IÄ \n-§-fp-sS ho-«n-sebpw Hm-^okn-sebpw Iw-]yq-«-dp-I-fn synchronize sN-¿-W-sa-¦nÂ, A-sÃ-¦n \n-§-fp-sS hÀ-¡v t^mÄ-UÀ k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-ambn X-Õabw share sN-¿-W-sa-¦n Cu kw-hn-[m-\w hf-sc k-lm-b-I-c-amWv.

Quick books hnhn-[ Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS A-¡u-≠nwKv tPm-enIÄ Hm¬-sse-\m-bn am-t\-

69


t^m¡kv

SHOPPRIX SUPER CENTER

H-cp cq-]-bv¡pw H-cp e-£w cq-]-bv¡pw H-tck-a-bw ]À-t¨-kv sN-¿m-hp-¶ hym-]m-c-k-ap-¨-bw. tjm-¸nw-Kn-sâ ]-Xn-hp-ssi-en-I-sfbpw ]m-c-¼-cy-co-Xn-I-sfbpw Xn-cp-¯n-¡p-dn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p I-®qÀ X-fn-¸-d-¼n {]-hÀ¯-\w B-cw-`n¨ tjm-{]n-Iv-kv kq-¸À skâÀ F-¶ _rl-Zv hmWn-Py-k-ap-¨bw. km-[m-c-W-¡mc-\p h-sc B-tKmf tjm-¸nw-Kn-sâ A-\p`-hw C-hn-sS \n-¶p e-`y-am-Ip-¶p. D-¯-c tI-c-f-¯n-sâ tjm-¸nw-Kv co-XnI-sf am-än-a-dn¨ tjm-{]n-Iv-kv kq¸Àv skâ-dn-sâ {]-tXy-I-X-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨p-saÃmw hy-à-am-¡p-¶p sshkv sN-bÀ-am³ ap-l½-Zv a-Z-\n.....

F-´pw GXpw F-t¸mgpw D-¸v sXm-«v I-¼yq-«À h-sc-bp-Å sN-dpXpw h-epXpam-b \n-tXym-]-tbm-K km-[-\-§Ä H-cp Ip-S-¡ogn H-cp-¡n-bn-«p-Å-Xm-Wv tjm-{]n-Iv-kn-sâ {][m-\

70

k-hn-ti-j-X. k¼qÀ-W Ip-Spw-_ h-kv-{Xm-e-bam-b ^m-j³ {Uowkv, C-eIvt{Sm-Wn-Iv-kv Kr-tlm-]-I-c-W DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-am-bn CþamÀ«v, ]m-Z-c-£-I-fp-sS -ti-J-c-hpam-bn ^p-Sv-amÀ«v, cp-Nn-hn-`-h-§-fp-sS k-ar²n-sbm-cp-¡n ^-p-Íokv, F-¶n-h-bv-s¡m-¸w kq-¸À amÀ-¡äv, t_¡dn,

^m³-kn B³-Uv tIm-kv-sa-än-Ivkv, kv-t]mÀ-Sv-kv B³-Uv ^n-äv\-kv _yq-«n ]mÀeÀ, Hm-^o-kv B³-Uv tÌ-j-\ dn, tSm-bv-kv B-³-Uv {Sm-h Kp-Uvkv, {^q-«v-kv B³-Uv sh-Pn-ä-_nÄ-kv F-¶n-h-bv-s¡Ãm-w {]-tXy-I hn-`m-K-§Ä C-hn-sS-bp≠v.


ap-l½-Zv a-Z-\n,

ssh-kv sN-bÀ-am³, tjm-{]n-Iv-kv kq-¸À skâ-À

sa-¶ hn-tij-Ww tjm-{]n-Iv-kn-s\ {i-t²-b-am-¡p¶p. D-¯-c-tI-cf-s¯ tem-tIm-¯c tjm-¸nw-Kv A-\p-`-h-¯nte-¡v \-bn-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv tjm-{]n -Iv-kn-sâ {]-hÀ-¯\ssi-en-sb-¶v A-[n-Ir-XÀ A-h-Im-i-s¸-Sp¶p. H-cp cq-]-bv-¡v h-sc t¥m_-en tjm-¸nw-Kv F-Iv-kv-]o-cn-b³-kv {]-Zm-\w sN-¿p¶-XmWv Cu tjm-¸v. H-cp cq-] h-sc cm-P-Io-b-am-bn sN-e-h-gn-¡m³ ]än-b Ø-e-am-Wv tjm-{]n-Iv-sk-¶v ssh-kv sN-bÀ-am³ ap-l½-Zv aZ-\n ]-d-bp¶p.

C\n tjm-¸nwKv skâ-dp-I-fp-sS Im-ew...

{_m³-Up-I-fp-sS I-eh-d F-gp-]-¯¿m-bn-cw kv-Iz-bÀ-^o-än G-gv \n-e-I-fnem-bn {I-ao-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ tjm-{]n-Iv-kn A-´m-cm{ã {_m³-Up-I-fp-sS sPâ v-kv t^mÀ-aÂ-kv B-³-Uv Im-jzÂ-kv ti-J-chpw tem-tIm-¯-c {_m³-Up-I-fp-sS In-Uv-kv sk-e-£-\p-Ifpw h-\n-X-I-fp-sS h-kv{X-sshhn-[y-§-fp-sS G-ähpw ]pXn-b I-f-£-\p-Ifpw e-`y-amWv. G-Xv _-Uv-P-än\pw A\p-tbm-Py-am-b hn-[-¯nÂ, h-f-sc-sb-fp-¸-¯n \-S-¯m-hp¶ tjm-¸nw-Kv kw-hn[m-\-am-Wv tjm-{]n-Iv-kn {I-ao-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. H-cp cq-]-bv¡pw H-cp e-£w cq-]-bv¡pw H-tcka-bw H-cnS-¯v H-cp an-\n-«n ]À-t¨-kv sN-¿m-hp-¶ hym-]m-c-k-ap-¨-b-

B-tKm-f s{S³-Uv F¶Xv tjm-¸v A-sÃ-¦n tjm-¸nw-Kv tIm--¹-Iv-kp-IÄ A-Xn-\v ti-jw tjm-¸nw-Kv skâdpIÄ, ]n-s¶ tjm-¸nw-Kv am-fp-IÄ F-¶-Xm-Wv. F-¶m tjm-¸nw-Kv skâÀ kw-kv-Im-cw tI-c-f-¯n hfsc Ip-d-hm-bn-cp¶p. A-Xn-s\ tIc-f-¯n Bcpw {]-tam-«v sN-¿p-I-bp≠m-bnÃ. H-cp Ip-S-¡o-gn H-cp-]m-Sv DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä, Np-cp§n-b k-a-b-¯n\p-Ån hm-§m-\p-Å ku-I-cy-am-Wv tjm-¸nw-Kv skâ-dp-I-fp-sS {]-tXyI-X. a-äv cm-Py-§-fn am-fp-IÄ-¡v ap-t¶-bm-bn-cp¶p tjm-¸nwKv skâ-d-p-I-fp-sS D-Ûhw. tjm-{]n-Iv-kv kq-¸À skâdn-eq-sS tjm-¸nw-Kv cw-K¯v ]pXnb hn-¹-h-¯n-\m-Wv Xncn-sIm-fp-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. \-½p-sS \m-«n A-Sp-¯ ]-Xn-äm-≠v tjm-¸nw-Kv skâ-dp-I-fp-tS-Xm-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶pw C-hÀ D-d-¸n-¨v ]-d-bp¶p. C-¶v Htc hn-`m-K-w DÂ-¸-¶§Ä hnÂ-¡p-¶ knw-KnÄ tjm-¸p-I-sfÃmw X-s¶ \-½-fp-sS-bn-S-bn Xn-§n-\nd-ªp I-gn-ªp. ]e tjm¸p-Ifpw C-t¸mÄ A-S¨p-t]m-Ip-¶p-ap≠v. A-Xn-sâ Im-cWw H-cp hn-`m-K-¯n am-{X-apÅ tjm-¸pI-sf P-\-§Ä X-Ån-¡-f-bp-¶p-sh-¶-XmWv. ]ecpw CXv {i-²n-¡p-¶nsÃ-¶-Xm-Wv hm-kv-X-hw. A-Xn-\m `m-hn-bn tjm-¸nwKv skâ-dp-IÄ do-s«-bv ta-J-e-bn h-ln-¡p-¶ ]-¦v

hf-sc h-ep-Xm-bn-cn-¡pw.

ap-¶q-dn-e-[n-Iw sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ... tam-tU¬ do-s«-bv-en-sâbpw {S-Un-jW tjm-¸nwKn-sâ-bpw an-{in-X-am-Wv tjm-{]n-Iv-kv amÄ. C-¯-c-¯nep-Å H-cp tÌmÀ tI-c-f-¯n B-Zy-t¯-Xm-sW-¶v tjm-{]n-Iv-kv A-[n-Ir-XÀ ]-d-bp¶p. `m-hn-bn hntZ-i \n-t£-]w do-s«-bv ta-J-e-bn IS-¶p h-cp-t¼mÄ AXn-s\ F-Xn-cn-tS-≠-Xnsâ bm-YmÀ-°yhpw kw-L-Sn-X-\bhpw a-\-kn-em-¡n-b-Xn-sâ ]p-d-¯m-bn-cp-¶p tjm{]n-Iv-kv kq-¸À skâ-dn-sâ P\-\w X-s¶. G-Xv hn-tZ-i\n-t£]w h-¶mepw A-h-cp-sS ap-¶n ]n-Sn-¨p \n¡m³ ]-äp-¶, Ah-sc a-dn-I-S-¡m³ ]-äp-¶ Øm-]-\-ambn am-d-W-sa-¶-Xm-Wv tjm-{]n-Iv-kv kq-¸À skâ-dn-eq-sS e-£y-an-Sp-¶Xv. am-{Xaà hn-tZ-i-\n-t£-]w h-cp-t¼mÄ \-½-sf-´n-\v ]I-¨p \nÂ-¡-W-sa-¶ k-tµ-i-w Iq-Sn-bmWv Cu tjm-¸n-w-Kv skâdneq-sS R-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶Xv. b-YmÀ-°-¯n ]-¯v \n-e-I-fm-Wp-ÅXv. c-≠v \n-e ] mÀ-¡nw-Kn\pw B-dv \ne tjm-¸nw-Kn\pw H-cp \n-e Hm-^okpw A-hkm-\ \ne sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS -Xm-a-k-Ø-eambpw {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p. ap-¶q-dn-e-[n-Iw sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ {]-Xy-£-¯n ]-Wn-sb-Sp-¡p-¶ tjm-{]n-Iv-kns\ tI-c-f-¯n-se Gähpw henb tjm-¸nw-Kv skâ-sd-¶v hn-ti-jn-¸n-¡mw. do tjm-¸nw-Kv hu-¨dpw Kn-^väv hu-¨-dp-saÃmw tjm-{]n -Iv-kn-sâ {]-tXy-I-X-bmWv.

71


t^m¡kv

hn-P-b cp-Nn-¡q«pambn Fkv-F-^v-kn {Kq-¸v

{]tim`v sI ]n

\m-

Sn-sâ bi-Êv D-bÀ-¯p-¶-Xnepw km¼¯n-I A-Sn-¯-d _-e-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xnepw ap-Jy ]-¦v h-ln-¡p-¶-h-cm-Wv {]-hm-kn kwcw-`IÀ. _n-kn-\-kn-s\m-¸w X-s¶ Po-h-Im-cpWy-{]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fnepw C-h-cp-sS km-¶n-[y-aps≠¶-Xv \-½p-sS kw-cw-`I-sc a-äp-Å-h-cn \n¶pw th-dn-«p \nÀ-¯p-¶p. A-¯-c¯n _n-kn-\-knepw Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-¯nepw \nd-ªp \nÂ-¡p-¶ {]hm-kn kw-cw-`-I-\mWv sImÃw A-©Â kz-tZin sI ap-c-fo-[c³. tlm-kv-]n-äm-en-än cw-K-s-¯- hnhn-[ ]m-X-I-fneq-sS hn-P-b-k-©m-cw \S-¯n sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ ktX¬ {^m-ss©-kn tIm. {Kq¸vv (F-kv-F^v-kn {Kq-¸v) A-[n-]-\m-Wv ap-c-fo[c³. A_p-Zm-_n-bn H-cp ss{^-Uv Nn-¡³ ^m-Ìv -^p-Uv d-kv-täm-dân \n-¶p Xp-S-§n-, C-¶p bp-F-C, C-´y- F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn-epÅ d-kv-tämdâ v, tlm«Â, Im-ä-dn§v, dn-b F-tÌäv, B-tcmKyw F-¶o ta-J-e-I-fn-em-bn hym-]n-¨p In-S-¡p-¶ ap-c-fo-[c-sâ kw-cw-`-I-Po-hn-X-¯nte-¡v... KÄ-^v cm-Py-§Ä km-¼-¯n-I-am-bn ap-t¶-dp-¶ Ime-am-bn-cp-¶p F-gp-]-XpIÄ. Po-hn-Xw am-än-a-dn-¡m-\m bn- a-e-bm-fn-IÄ {]-hm-kn h-kv-{X-a-Wn-ª Im-ehpw C-Xp Xs¶. {]-XnIq-e Im-em-h-Ø-bnepw hn-P-b-¯n-sâ Xo-c-a-Wbm-s\¯n-b ]-ecpw ITn-\-am-bn {]-b-Xv-\n-¨p.

72

k-aÀ-°cm-b Nn-eÀ¡v kw-cw-`I-tam-lw ]q-h-Wn-bn-¡m-\p-Å a-®m-bn-am-dn KÄ-^v cmPy§Ä. sImÃw A©Â kz-tZ-in sI apc-fo-[-c³ X-sâ Po-hn-Xkz-]v-\-§Ä-¡p Po-h-t\-Im³ KÄ-^n-te-s¡-¯n-bXpw C-¡me-b-f-hn-em-bn-cp¶p. "" aq¯ k-tlm-Z-c-³ Ab¨p X-¶ hn-k-bn-em-Wv Rm³ Zp-_m-bnbn F-¯p-¶Xv. sIFw {_-tZ-gv-kv \mj-W F-¶ I-¼-\nbn A-¡u≠â v tPm-en- i-cn-s¸-Sp-¯n X-¶-Xpw k-tlm-Z-c-\mWv. tPm-en-bn-ep-Å sI ap-c-fo-[c³ F-sâ B-ßmÀ-° k-ao-]-\w Np-cp§n-b \m-fp-IÄ-¡pÅn I-¼-\n-bp-sS ]-e D-¶-X]Z-hn-IÄ A-e-¦-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-te-¡pw F-¯n¨p. 1989 I¼\n-tPm-en D-t]-£n¨v kz-´-am-bn _n-kn\-kv Xp-S§m³ Rm³ Xo-cp-am-\-sa-Sp-¯p. I-¼-\n-bp-sS hn-iz-kv-X\m-b Rm³ Øm]-\w hn-Sp-¶Xn D-S-a sI Fw `m-«nb-¡p XmÂ-¸-cy-anÃm-bn-cp-¶p. H-Sp-hn C-cp]-Xv i-X-am-\w Hml-cn \Â-In F-s¶ am-t\-Pnw-Kv ]mÀ-«-vW-dm-¡p-I-bpw, I-¼-\n¡v tImw-]n-äo-äÀ B-Im-¯ co-Xn-bn-ep-Å _nkn\-kv B-cw-`n¡m³ A-\pa-Xn \Â-Ip-Ibpw sN-bvXp. A-t±l-¯n-sâ t{]m-Õm-l-\-am-Wv F-sâ kw-cw-`-Ibm{X-bv-¡p F¶pw {]-tNm-Z-\-am-bn-«pÅXv'' ap-c-fo[-c³ ]-d-bp-¶p. A-Xp h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS L-«-¯n-se H-cp ]S-hv am-{X-am-bncp-¶p. Xp-SÀ¶v ap-c-fo[c³ ktX¬ ss{^Uv Nn-¡³ F-¶ {_n«njv ^m-kv-ä-^p-Uv I-¼\ -- n-bp-am-bn tNÀ-¶v {]-hÀ-¯-\w B-cw-`n-¨p. 1991 A-_p-Zm-_n-bn B-Zy ss{^-Uv Nn¡³ {^m-ss©-kn Xp-S-§n. ^m-Ìv^p-Un am{Xw H-Xp-§nbm _n-kn\-kv h-f-cn-sÃ-¶p a-\-Ên-

em¡n-b ap-c-fo[-c³ ss{^-Uv Nn-¡-t\m-sSm-¸w A-ta-cn-¡³ ]n-Ê-bpw Xo³-ta-ibn hn-f¼m³ Xocp-am-\n¨p. B Xo-cp-am-\w hnP-bw I-≠p. ^m-Ìv^pUv t{]-an-I-fp-sS Xm-h-f-am-bn F-kv-F-^-vkn amdm³ A-[nIw k-a-b-w th-≠n-h-¶nÃ. H-cp d-tÌm-dân \n-¶p Xp-S§n-b F-kv-F-^v-kn C-¶p 24 Hu-«-vseäp-I-fp-am-bn \nd-ªp \nÂ-¡p¶p. kao-]-Im-e¯v I¼\n Fkv-F-^vkn-sb Fkv-F^vkn ¹kv F¶ t]cn ]p\-c-h-X-cn-¸n-¨p. C-´y-bn sIm-¨n-bn- c-≠p Ø-e-§-fn-em-bn F-kv-F-^v-kn ¹kv Hu-«v-seäp-I-fp-≠v. ""d-kv-tämdâ v _n-kn-\-kp-am-bn ap-t¶m-«p t]m-Ip¶-Xn-\n-S-bn-em-Wv \à C´y³ tlm-«-ep-I-fp-sS A-`m-h-s¯-¡p-dn-¨v Nn-´n-¨-Xv. Cu B-i-bs¯ ap³-\nÀ¯n tZio-b X-\-Xphn-`-h§-sf tX-Sn-bp-Å bm-{X-bm-bn-cp-¶p ]n-¶oSv. C-Xn-\m-bn cm-Py-¯p-S-\ofw bm-{X sN-¿p-Ibpw ap-KÄ, \-hm-_p-am-cp-sS kw-kvIm-c-s¯-¡p-dn-¨-dn-bm-\pw, A-h-cp-sS hn-`-h-§-sf¸-än ]Tn-¡m\pw km-[n¨p. X\-Xp kw-kv-Im-c-t¯m-sSm-¸w A-h-cp-sS hn-`-h-§-Ä hn-f¼p-I F-¶ B-i-b-hp-ambm-Wv 1998 C-´y ]me-kv F-¶ tlm-«Â A-_p-Zm-_nbn Xp-S-§nbXv. I-e-bp-sSbpw hn-`-h-§-fp-sSbpw Hcp ^yqj-\mWv C-´y ]me-kv tlm-«-ep-I-Ä D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v \Â-Ip-¶Xv. A-_p-Zm-_n-¡p ]pd-ta Zp-_mbv, dm-kv A ssJ-a, jmÀ-P F-¶n-h-nS-§-fnepw C-´y ]me-kv tlm-«-ep-I-fp-≠v. tlm-«Â _n-kn-\-kn-\p ]pd-sa Im-ädn-§v kÀho-kv cw-K¯pw F-kv-F-^v-kn-¡p km-¶n-[yap≠v. Iq-Sm-sX Zp-_m-bnbn A-h\yq tlm-«Â F-¶ t]-cn t^mÀ kvämÀ tlm-«epw F-kv-F-^v-kn {Kq-¸n-\p Iogn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p. C-´ybn ap-cfn-b tlm-«Â B³-Uv dn-tkmÀ«v, ap-cfn-b Ub-dn t{]m-U-Iv-äkv, ap-cfnb t{]m-¸À-«okv, ap-cfn-b tlm-kv-¸n-äÂ-kv F-¶n-§-s\bp-Å Øm-]-\-§fpw {Kq-¸n-sâ Iogn {]-hÀ-¯n-¨p h-cp¶p. F-I-tZ-iw 2500 Hm-fw t]À F-kv-F-^v-kn {Kq-¸n\p Iogn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p-≠v. tIh-ew sXm-gnem-fn-IÄ F-¶ co-Xnbn Rm³ Ah-sc Im-Wmdn-Ã. FÃm-hcpw H-ä-s¡-«m-bn H-cp Ip-Spw-_w t]m-se-bm-Wv tPm-en sN-¿p-¶Xv. sXm-gnÂ-]-camb F-´p Xo-cp-am\-§Ä F-Sp-¡p-t¼mgpw A-h-cpsS `mK-¯p \n-¶p Iq-Sn Nn-´n-¨-Xn-\p tij-ta Xo-cp-am-\-sa-Sp-¡m-dp-Åq. A-h-cp-sS FÃm A-hIm-ihpw e-`y-am-¡p-¶-Xn-epw {i-² ]p-eÀ-¯mdp-≠v'' ap-c-fo[-c³ ]-d-bp-¶p. kw-cw-`-I tam-lhp-am-bn \-S-¡p-¶-hÀ-¡v ap-c-fo-[c-s³ D-]-tZ-iw C-§-s\-bm-Wv, \n-§Ä {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ ta-J-esb-¡p-dn-¨v \à A-h-Km-l-ap-≠m-bn-cn-¡Ww, sN¿p-¶ tPm-en B-kz-Zn-¨p sN-¿m\pw {i-an-¡p-I. Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fnepw ap-cfo-[c-sâ k-Po-h-km-¶n-[y-ap-≠v. _n-kn\-Êv t\-«-§-sf-¡m-fp]-cn k-aq-l-¯n Ah-i-X A-\p-`-hn-¡p-¶-hÀ¡pw B-ew-_-lo-\À-¡p-w ssI-¯m-§m-bn ap-c-fo-[c-sâ Iogn {]-hÀ-¯n¡p-¶ kw-L-S-\-bm-Wv ap-cfn-b ^u-t≠-j³. ""Rm³ F-sd k-t´m-jw I-s≠-¯p-¶Xv Poh-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fn-em-Wv. s]³-j³ hn-X-cWw, kuP-\y hn-Zym-`ym-kw, s-a-Un-¡Â Iym-¼p-IÄ Xp-S-§n-b {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-Ä R-§Ä kwL-S-\h-gn \-S-¯p-¶p. R-§-fp-sS {Kq-¸n-sâ {]-hÀ¯-\w t]m-se ap-c-fn-b-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä¡pw Np¡m³ ]n-Sn-¡p¶-Xv s{]m-^-j-W hy-àn-I-fm-Wv'' ap-c-fo[-c³ ]-d-bp¶p. ap-cfn-b Iq-Sm-sX tI-c-f¯n ]-e {]ap-J kw-L-S-\-Ifp-sSbpw hn-Zym-`ym-k Øm--]-\-§-fp-sSbpw ap-Jy c-£m-[n-Im-cn- ]-Z-hn-I-fnepw ap-c-fo-[c-sâ km-¶n[y-ap-≠v. _n-kn-\-kn-epw Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ¯-\-§-fnepw k-Po-ham-b ap-c-fo-[c-s\ tX-Sn ]-e Aw-Ko-Im-c-§fpw F-¯nbn-«p≠v.


am-\knI tcm-Kn-bm-b A-¸-\pw, h-ey-¸-\pw, Nn-ä-¸-\pw. \n-Xy-s¨-e-hp-IÄ ap-t¶m-«p t]m-Ip-hm³ ho-«ptPm-en sN-¿p-¶ A-½. ho-«ptPm-en¡v {]-Xn-^-e-am-bn e-`n-¡p-¶ `£-Ww I-gn-¨v Po-hn-t¡-≠n-h-cp-¶ a-I³. sN-dp-{]m-b-¯nse {]m-cm-ϧ -- fpw I-ã¸m-Sp-I-fpw A-\p-`-hn-¨-dn-ª A-h³ h-fÀ-¶-Xv H-cp _n-kn\-kv km-{am-Pyw ]-Sp-¯pbÀ¯n-s¡m-≠m-bn-cp-¶p... B a-I-\mWv sUâ vsI-bÀ sUâ em-_n-eq-sS tem-Iw A-S-bm-f-s¸-Sp¯n-b a-e-bm-fn kw-cw-`-I³ tPm¬- Ip-cym-t¡m-kv. bm-YmÀ-°y-§Ä ]-e-t¸m-gpw hn-iz-kn-¡m³ ]-äp-¶-Xn-\p-a-¸p-d-am-bn-cn-¡pw. tPm¬- Ip-cym-t¡m-kv F-¶ kw-cw-`I-sâ Pohn-Xhpw bm-YmÀ-Yy§-sf shÃp-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. {]Xn-_-豈 \n-d-ª Po-hn-X-s¯ A-\p-`-h-§-fn-eq-sSbpw ITn-\m-[zm\-¯n-eq-sS-bpw a-dn-IS-¶ N-cn-{X-am-Wv tPm¬ -Ip-cym-t¡m-kntâXv. Pohn-X-¯n 500cq-]-sb-¦nepw i¼fw In-«p¶ tPm-en A-t\z-jn-¨v C-d-§n-b H-cp km-[m-c-W-¡m-c³- 1200 t]À-¡v tPm-en \Â-Ip-¶ kw-cw-`-I-\m-bn am-dn-b-Xpw -Cu A-\p-`-h-§-fpsS -I-cp-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. sUâ vsI-bÀ sUâ em-_n-eq-sS Z-´kw-c-£-W -ta-J-e-bn am-ä-§Ä-¡v Np-¡m³ ]n-Sn-¨ Cu aq-hm-äp]p-g kz-tZin X-sâ kw-cw-`-I {]-Xo-£-Ifpw Po-hn-X-¯n t\-cn-« shÃp-hn-fn-Ifpw F-aÀ-PnMv tI-c-f-bp-am-bn ]¦p-sh-bv-¡p-¶p.

ITn-\m-[zm-\w ssI-ap-X-em¡n-b kw-cw-`-I³... _m-ey-Im-e-w...

F-sâ sN-dp-¸-Im-ew hf-sc Zp-cnX]qÀ-®-am-bn-cp-¶p. A-Ñ-\pw, h-ey-¸-\pw, Nn-ä-¸\pw Nn-¯-{`-aw _m-[n-¨-h-cm-

bn-cp-¶p. A-½-bm-bn-cp-¶p Ip-Sw-_-¯n-se G-I h-cp-am-\ amÀKw. A-bes¯ ho-Sp-I-fn-Â -tPm-en-¡v {]-Xn-^e-am-bn A-½-bv-¡v In-«p-¶ `-£-W-w I-gn-¨m-bn-cp-¶p Rm³ h-fÀ-¶-Xv. A¸-\pw _-Ôp-¡Ä-¡p-apÅ tcm-Kw a-¡Ä¡pw hcp-tam F-¶ `-b-hpw A-¡me-¯v A½-sb A-e-«n-bn-cp-¶p. C§-s\ Ip-d-¨p-Im-ew ap-t¶m-«p t]m -b-t¸mÄ H-s¶-\n-¡v a-\-kn-em-bn, A-½-bp-sS h-cp-am-\w sIm-≠p am-{Xw Po-hn-Xw ap-t¶m-«p sIm≠p-t]m-Im-\m-

hnÃ. kz-´-am-bn H-cp tPm-en I-s≠¯p-I F-¶ e£yw a-\-kn IS-¶p Iq-Sp¶Xv A-§-s\-bmWv. ]n-¶o-Sv A-Xn-\p-Å {i-a-§-fm-bncp¶p. \n-ch-[n A-t\z-j-W§Ä¡pw A-e-¨n-ep-IÄ¡psam-Sp-hn- Hcp sUâ ¢n-\n-¡n ]mÀ«v ssSw ]yqWm-bn tPm-en- e-`n-¨p. B tPmen-tbm-sSm-¸w d-ºÀ-Sm¸nw-Kn\pw t]m-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶p. A-¡m-e¯v 500 cq-]-sb-¦nepw i¼-fw e-`n-¡W-ta F-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p Fsâ B{K-lw.

]yq-Wn \n-¶v kw-cw-`-I-\n-te-¡p-Å Zq-cw.. ]yq-Wm-bn tPm-en t\m-¡n-b-t¸m-gm-Wv em-_n-sâ D-S-a sd-Pn am-Xyphp-am-bn ]-cn-N-b-¯n-em-Ip¶Xvv. F-sâ sXm-gnen-t\m-Sp-Å B-ßmÀ-°-X a-\-kn-em¡n-b A-t±l-w F-s¶ A-kn-Ìâm-¡n Iq-sS Iq-«p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. C-Xn-eq-sS c-≠p t\-«-§Ä D-≠mbn. H¶p Z-´-ssh-Zys¯-¡p-dn-¨p Iq-Sp-X a-\-kn-em-¡p-hm³ km-[n-¨p-sh¶-Xpw, c-≠v Cu cw-K-¯n-\v ip-`-I-cam-b H-cp `m-hn-bps≠-¶v A-dn-bm³ I-gn-ªXpw. C-Xm-Wv kz-´-am-bn H-cp e-t_m-d«-dn F-¶ B-i-b-¯n-\v {]-tNm-Z-\-amb-Xv. ]n-¶oSv e-t_m-d«-dn B-cw-`n-¡p-hm-\p-Å ]-Ww I-s≠-¯p-¶Xn-\pÅ {i-a-§fm-bn-cp-¶p. em-_nse tPmen-tbmsSm-¸w a-äp ]mÀ-«v ssSw tPm-en-I-Ä-¡pw t]m-bn¯pS§n. C§s\ 5 e-£w cq-]-tbm-fw k-¼m-Zn-¡p-hm³ km-[n¨p. ]-s£ em-_n-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä B-cw-`n-¡-W-sa-¦n Ip-d-ª-Xv 15e-£w cq-]-sb-¦n-epw B-hiyam-bn-cp¶p. kz-´w Øew Cu-Sm-bn \Â-In _m-¦p-I-fn- I-b-dn-bnd-§n-sb-¦nepw A-{Xbpw XpI tem-Wm-bn \Â-Ip-hm³ _m-¦v A-[n-IrXÀ B-cpwXs¶ X-¿m-dm-bnÃ. Cu k-ab¯v F-\n-¡v k-lm-b-amb-Xv A-bÂ-]-¡-¯p-Å c-≠v IpSpw-_-§-fm-bn-cp¶p. ]n-¶o-Sv A-h-cp-sS k-lm-b-t¯m-sS A-h-cp-sS Ø-ehpw Cu-Sm-bn \Â-In-bm-Wv Xp-I I-s≠¯n-b-Xv. C-Xm-bn-cp-¶p I-¼-\n-bp-sS aq-e-[-\w.

_n-kn-\-kv

shÃp-hn-fn-I-sf A-Xn-Po-hn-¨-Xv B-d-c hÀ-jw tPm-en-sNbv-X {]-h-À-¯-\ ]-cn-N-bw am-{X-am-bn-cp-¶p em-_v Xp-S-§p-t¼mÄ ssI-ap-Xe-mbn D-≠m-bn-cp-¶Xv. aq-hm-äp-]p-g-bn-se H-cp sNdn-b ap-dn-bn 8 Po-h-\-¡m-cp-am-bn-«mWv {]-h-À-¯\w B-cw-`n-¨Xv. G-sd {]-Xn-k-Ôn-IÄ ap-¶n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-¶psh-¦nepw PohnX A-\p-`-h-§-Ä ap-XÂ-¡q«mbn. ho-«p-Im-cp-sSbpw k-tlm-Z-c³-am-cp-sSbpw k-l-I-c-W-hpw Ipd-¨p Z´ tUm-ÎÀ-am-cp-sS ]n-´p-Wbpw kw-cw-`-¯n-\v D-≠m-bncp¶p. Cu-b-h-k-c-¯n- ssN-\ _m-em-Pn sUâ tIm-tf-Pn \n-¶pw- sUâ sS-Iv-\o-jy-sâ tIm-gv-kv ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡p-hm\pw F-\n¡v I-gn-ªn-cp¶p. C-sXÃmw

F-sâ B-ß-hn-izm-kw hÀ-²n-¸n-¨p. ]n-s¶ ITn-\m-[zm\-¯n-sâ \m-fp-I-fm-bn-cp-¶p . Dd-¡w \m-ep a-Wn-¡qÀ am-{X-am-bn- Np-cp¡n. ]qÀ-®-ambpw a-\Êpw i-co-c-hpw em_n-\p th-≠n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-hm³ Xp-S-§n. CXv Xp-S-¡¯n X-s¶ 40,000 cq-] em-`w t\-Sp-hm³ k-lm-bn-¨p. ]-s£ C¶-s¯ \n-e-bn-te-¡v sUâ v-sI-b-dn-s\ ssI -]n-Sn-¨pbÀ-¯n-b-Xv [o-c-am-b Hcp Xo-cp-am-\-¯n-eq-sS-bmbn-cp¶p. 7,90,000 cq-] apS-¡n Im-Ìnw-Kv sa-jo³ hm§p-I -F-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p AXv. FÃm-hcpw B Xo-cp-am\s¯ hn-Uv-Vn-¯-sa-¶v ]dªv F-XnÀ-¯-t¸mgpw Dd-¨p ap-t¶m-«p t]mbn. hn-e-Ip-d-ª D-]-I-c-W-§-fp-sS _p-²nap-«p-IÄ A-kn-Ìâ v B-bn tPm-en t\m-¡p-t¼mÄ Xs¶ F-\n-¡p a-\-kn-em-bn-cp-¶p. A-Xv \nÀ-®m-b-I-ambn. ]n¶o-Sv em-_v {[p-XK-Xn-bn h-f-cp-¶-Xm-Wv I-≠Xv. C-¶v em-_n-se FÃm D-]-I-c-W-§fpw X-s¶ bq-tdm-¸v, A-tacn-¡, P¸m³ F-¶n-hnS-§-fn \n¶pw C-d-¡pa-Xn sNbv-X-h-bm-Wv. C-Xn-eq-sS D-¸¶-§-fp-sS Kp-W-\n-e-hm-cw D-d-¸m-¡p-hm\pw {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä kp-K-a-am-¡p-¶-Xn\pw km-[n-¨p. Xp-SÀ¶v ]-Sn]-Sn-bm-bp-Å h-f-À-¨-bp-sS Im-e-L-«-am-bn-cp¶p. C-¶p I-¼-\n-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä 50,000 A-Sn N-Xpc-{i hn-kv-XoÀ-®-ap-Å _-lp\n-e a-µn-c-¯n-te-¡v am-dn-¡-gn-ªp.

em-_n-sâ

{]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä P-\-kw-Jy-bp-sS Im-cy-¯n tem-I-¯n-se X-s¶ c-≠m-a-s¯ cm-Py-am-Wv C´y. A-Xp-X-s¶-bm-Wv Rm³ G-ähpw h-en-b km-[y-X-bm-bn Im-Wp-¶Xv. B km-[yXI-sf ]-c-amh-[n D-]-tbm-Kn¡p-I am{Xw sN-bv-Xm a-Xn-bmIpw _n-kn\-kv hn-P-bn-¸n-¡p-hm³. A-Xp-am-{Xaà C-´y-bn-se P-\-§Ä Z-´-kw-cw-£-W-¯n ap-¶nem-sW-¶p-ÅXpw Cu km-[y-X-I-Ä-¡v D-d-t¸-Ip¶p. A-hÀ-¡v an-I-¨ tkh-\w an-I-¨ co-Xn-bn Ir-Xy-am-bn sN-bv-Xm a-Xn-bm-Ipw. B Im-cy-¯n a-äp em-t_md-«-dn-I-sf-¡mÄ D¶-X\n-e-hm-cw Im-¯p kq-£n-¡m³ R-§Ä-¡v km-[n-¡p-¶p≠v. -C-Xv R-§-fp-sS ta·bmWv. hcpw Zn-h-k-§-fn e-t_m-d-«-dn-bp-sS {]-h-À-¯\§Ä 75,000 N-Xp-c-{iA-Sn hn-kv-XoÀ-®-ap-Å sI-«nS-¯n-te-¡v am-äpw. 2014  F-Ivkv-t]mÀ-«v Un-hn-j³ B-cw-`n-¡p-hm-\p-Å {i-a-§-fpw Xp-S-§n-bn-«p-≠v.

Ip-Sw-_-w.. sN-dp-¸-¯n F-s¶ G-ähpw A-e-«n-bn-cp-¶ {]-iv\w A-¸-\pw _-Ôp-¡-fn-ep-ap-≠m-bn-cp¶ am-\kn-I {]-iv-\-§-fm-bn-cp¶p. F-¶m ]n-¶o-Sv ssZ-h-Ir-]-bm A-h-cp-sS A-kpJw ]qÀ-®-ambpw CÃm-sX-bm-Ip-¶-Xv Im-Wp-hm³ km-[n-¨p F¶-Xv Rm³ F-¶ hy-àn-¡v \ ÂIn-b k-t´m-jw hf-sc h-ep-Xm-bn-cp-¶p. km-¼¯n-I A-`n-hr²n-tbm-sSm-¸w Ip-Spw-_-]-c-am-b D-bÀ-¨-bp-sSbpw Xp-S-¡-am-bn-cp-¶p AXv. `m-cy-bpw, k-tlm-Z-c³-amcpw A-h-cp-sS Ip-Spw-_hpsams¡ Cu h-f-À-¨-bn F-\n-¡v Iq-«n-\p≠v. F-sâ Xn-c¡p-]n-Sn-¨ Po-hn-Xkm-l-N-cy-hp-am-bn `m-cy sP-kn-¡v CW-§n tN-cp-hm³ km-[n-¨p F-¶-Xp am-{X-aà sUâ v sI-bÀ Izm-fn-än I¬-t{Sm-f-dm-bn X-sâ _n-kn\-kv `m-cw e-Lq-I-cn-¡p-hm\pw {i-an-¡p-¶p-≠v.

73


]cnip≤amb ]mepw ]m¬D¬∏∂ßfpw

an¬abneqsS am{Xw


t^m¡kv tIcf

Im \q-äm-≠n-sâ Xn-f-¡-hp-am-bn

_m-h sa-äÂ-kv ]m e-¡m-s« {]ap-J saäÂ, tlmw A-¹-b³k-kv tjm-dqam-b "_m-h' sa-äÂ-

¡p-I-fp-sSbpw \nÀ-½m-Wbq-Wnäpw "_m-h'¡p≠v. Cu DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä Ad-_v kv tk-h-\]m-X-bn ImÂ-\q-äm-≠v ]qÀ\m-Sp-I-fn-te-¡v Ib-än ¯o-I-cn-¡p-¶p. 1986 B-Wv ]m-e-¡m-«v A-b-¡p-¶p-ap≠v. "_n h-en-b-§m-Sn-bn '_m-h sa-äÂkv' F-¶ amÀ«v' F-¶ kw-cw-`-amWv Øm]-\w Xp-S-§p-¶-Xv. ap-l½-Zv Pm-^_m-h sa-äÂ-knsâ dm-Wv Øm-]-I³. 1996 Hm-sS s{]m-U-Iv-äv ]pXn-b td-©v Iq«n. DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS ssh-hn-[yB-IÀ-jWw. ]m-e-¡m-«v §-fpw, tlmÄskbn Un-hn-j-\p-am-bn\-K-c-¯nÂ, ]-Xn-\m-bn-cw cp-¶p A-¶s¯ {]-[m-\- am-äw. 2000þ N-Xpc-{ib-Sn hn-kv-XoÀtlmw A-¹-b³-kkpw Xp-S§n. ®-¯nepÅ A-Xn-a-t\m\n-e-hn-f-¡pIÄ, sh-Ån-hn-f-¡p-IÄ, l-cam-b Cu 'tlmw ]n¨-f-hn-f-¡pIÄ, Hm-«p-hn-f¡pIÄ, hn-hnA-¹-b³-kkv' tjm-dqw [X-cw ssl-µ-h ]q-Pm]m-{X-§Ä F-¶nP-\-{i-² ]n-Sn-¨p-]-änap-l½-Zv j-ao-À, h-bm-Wv {]-[m-\-ambpw hn¸-\. NnÃ-d ¡-gn-ªp. FÃm-hn-[FwUn hnÂ-¸-\-bpw, sam-¯-hnÂ-¸-\-bp-ap≠v. ¯n-ep-ap-Å KmÀln-I h-en-bX-cw sN-¼p-]m-{X§Ä, Hm-«p-] DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS A-Xn-hnm-{X§Ä, hen-b A-eq-an-\n-bw ]m-{X§Ä, I-eym-W im-eam-b Cu tjm-dqw, ]m-e-¡m-s« B-Zy kw-cw-`-amWv. B-h-iy-§Ä-¡p-Å hen-b ]m-{X§Ä, tlm-«Â B-hhn-e-¡p-d-hmWv "_n amÀ-«n'sâ G-ähpw h-en-b- {]-tXyiy-§Ä-¡p-Å hen-b ]m-{X-§Ä F-¶n-h-bm-Wv a-äp {] I-X-sb-¶v {Kq-¸n-sâ sN-bÀ-am³ {io ap-l½-Zv Pm-^À [m-\ DÂ-¸-¶§Ä. FÃm-hn-[-¯n-ep-ap-Å KmÀ-ln-IA-h-Im-i-s¸-Sp¶p. D-]-I-c-W-§fpw C-hn-sS hnÂ-¡p-¶p≠v. ap-l½-Zv Pm-^-dn-sâ a-I³ ap-l½-Zv j-ao-dm-Wv hn-f-¡p-I-fp-sSbpw Hm-«p-]m-{X-§-fp-sSbpw Hm-«p-hn-f{Kq-¸n-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡v Np-¡m³ ]n-Sn-¡p-¶Xv. _n-

amÀ-«nsâ im-J-IÄ tI-c-f-¯n-se FÃm PnÃ-I-fn-epw, KÄ-^n-epw, B-cw-`n-¡m-\m-Wv ap-l½-Zv j-aoÀ, B-{K-ln¡p-¶-Xv. 2020HmsS Cu e£yw t\-Sm-\pw, _n amÀ-«ns\ tI-c-f-¯n-se H-cp an-I-¨ {_m³-Um-¡n am-äm\pw I-gnbp-sa-¶v j-aoÀ {]-Xo-£n-¡p¶p. ssh-hn-[y-amÀ-¶ a-äp hn-]-W-\þDÂ-¸m-Z-\ ta-J-e-I-fn-te-¡v {]-th-in-¡m-\pw j-aoÀ e-£y-an-Sp¶p.

BbpÀth-Z {]-Nm-c-W-¯n\v \m-KmÀ-Öp-\þAdn-b I-cmÀ

djy-bn B-bpÀ-th-Zw {]-N-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bn \m-KmÀÖp-\ B-bpÀth-Zn-Iv skâdpw B-bpÀth-Z djyþ C-´y A-tkm-kn-tb-j-\pw (A-dn-b) I-cmÀ H-¸p-h¨p. ]-c-¼-cm-K-Xam-b B-bpÀ-th-Z-¯n-sâ km-[yX-IÄ d-jy³ P-\X-sb Iq-Sp-X t_m-[y-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bm-Wv I-cm-dn-eqsS e-£y-an-Sp-¶-Xv. Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pc-¯v \-S-¶ N-S-§n \m-KmÀPp-\ B-bpÀ-th-Zn-Iv skâÀ tImÀ-¸-td-äv dn-te-j³-kv X-e-h³ tUm. k-Pn-Xv hÀv-abpw Adnb {]-knUâ v A-\n-ä I-cnen-tbmþAÀ-Im-kp-am-Wv I-cm-dn H-¸p-h-¨Xv.

km[m-c-W-¡mÀ-¡p-Å hnÃ-I-fp-ambn A \n-hm-Pv ae¸pd-s¯ dn-b F-tÌ-äv km-[y-XIÄ Xn-cn-¨-dn-ª I¼\n-bm-Wv A \n-

hm-Pv _nÂ-tU-gv-kv B³-Uv sU-h-e-]vsaâ vkv. hen-b t{]m-P-Îp-IÄ¡v a-e-¸pd¯v h-f-¡q-dn-sÃ-¶ [m-c-W i-à-am-bncp¶ Im-e-¯m-Wv KÄ-^n Øm-]n¡-s¸-« A \n-hm-Pn-sâ thcp-IÄ a-e¸p-d-¯n-sâ a-®n-te-¡p ]-SÀ-¶Xv. A-¶v A-sXm-cp ]-co-£-W-am-bn-cp-¶p. ap-l½Zv Pw-joÀ, A-ÐpÄ h-lm_v, ap-l-½-Zv \n-kmÀ F-¶o aq-¶p kp-lr-¯p-¡-fp-sS Iq-«m-bv-a-bp-sS hn-P-b-am-bn-cp-¶p A \nhmPv. kz-´w \m-«p-Im-cp-sS A-I-a-gn-ª k-l-Ic-Ww Iq-Sn-bm-b-t¸mÄ A \n-hmPv hn-P-b-¯n-te-¡v Ip-Xn-¨p. A \n-hm-Pv F-¶ hm-¡n-sâ AÀ-°w ssZ-h-¯n-sâ k-tµ-iw F-¶m-Wv.

76

ap-l½-Zv Pw-joÀ

\m-«n sNdn-b kw-cw-`-§Ä B-cw`n-¨p sIm-≠m-bn-cp-¶p Xp-S¡w. C¯-cw sNdn-b kw-cw-`-§Ä D-bÀ-¨-bn-te-¡p \-bn-¡n-sÃ-¶p a-\-Ên-em¡n-b A-hÀ A-h-cp-sS kz-]v-\-§Ä bpFCbnte¡v ]-dn-¨p\-«p. 2006 bp-F-Cbn B-cw`w. \m-ep hÀ-j-¯n-\v ti-jw 2010  C-´y-bn \n-t£-]-§Ä \-S-¯m³ Xp-S§n. C-¶v tI-c-f-¯n-sâ {]ap-J dn-b F-tÌ-äv Øm-]-\-§fn-sem-¶mWv A \n-hmPv. B-Zy kw-cw-`am-b Du-«n-bn-se \q-dp hnÃ-I-fp-sS Xm-t¡m ssI-am-dn-¡-gnªp. Ip-d-ª sN-e-hn km-[m-c-W-¡mÀ¡pw Du-«n-bn hnà kz-´-am-¡m³ I-gn-bp-¶ \n-e-bn-em-Wv A \n-hm-Pn-sâ ]pXn-b t{]m-PÎv. s]-cn´Â-a-®-bn ap-¸-¯n-aq-¶v hnÃ-I-fp-sS t{]m-P-Îm-Wv h-cm-\n-cn-¡p-

¶Xv. B-Zy-Ime-¯v t\-cn-« G-ähpw hen-b shÃp-hn-fn sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS £m-a-am-bn-cp-¶p-sh-¶v A \n-hmPv am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ ap-l½-Zv Pw-joÀ ]-d-bp¶p. F-¶m-en-¶v Øm-]-\-¯n-\v A\p-tbm-Py-cm-b sXm-gnem-fnI-sf e-`n-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. D-S³ X-s¶ s]-cn-´Â-a-®bn A-´m-cm-{ã _n-kn\-Êv kv-IqÄ B-cw-`n-¡m-\p-Å B-tem-N-\-bp-ap≠v. C-´y-bn-se sa-t{Sm \-K-c-§-fn hnÃ-I-fp-sS t{]m-PÎpw ]-cn-K-W-\-bn-ep≠v. _-UvP-äv tlmw-kn-\m-Wv A \n-hm-Pv {]m-[m\yw \Â-Ip-¶Xv. Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fnepw A \n-hm-Pv {Kq-¸v {i-² tI-{µo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. Du-«n-bn-se \q-dp `-h-\-§fp-sS Xm-t¡mÂZm-\ N-S-§nÂ-sh-¨v ssl-Zc-en in-lm_v H-cp \nÀ-[-\ Ip-Spw-_-¯n-\v A³ \n-hm-Pv \Â-Ip-¶ kuP-\y `-h-\-¯n-sâ Xm-t¡m ssI-am-dn. a-e-_mÀ ^nenw skm-ssk-än-bp-sS Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä¡pw km-aq-ly kmw-kv-Imcn-I cwK-s¯ am-Xr-I]cam-b kw-`m-h-\-IÄ-¡p-Å Cu hÀj-s¯ bq-¯v sF¡¬ A-hmÀ-Uv A \n-hm-Pv {Kq-¸n-\mWv.


hyhkmb km-[y-X-IÄ Xp-d-¶p-Im-«m³ C³sUIvkvt]m

]m e-¡m-Sv PnÃ-sb tI-c-f-¯n-sâ hy-hkm-b `q-]S-¯n-se-¯n¨ C³-sU-Ivkvt]m tI-c-f 2011sâ hn-P-b-

¯n-\pti-jw c-≠mw-L-«-¯n-\v X-¿m-sd-Sp-¡p-I-bm-Wv tI-c-f C³-U-kv-{Sn-b {]-tam-j³ Iu¬-kn (In]v tIm). \-hw-_À 21þ24 Xo-b-Xn-I-fn-em-Wv c-≠mw-L-« C³-sU-Ivkvt]m kw-L-Sn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. tIc-f-¯n-sâ hy-h-km-b-l-ºm-Im³ X-¿m-sd-Sp-¡p-¶ ]m-e-¡m-Sv PnÃbpsS kw-cw-`I-Xz km-[y-X-IÄ tem-I-¯n-\v ap¼n Xp-d-¶pIm«p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv C³-sU-Iv-kv-t]m-bpsS Zu-Xyw. {][m-\ \-K-c-§-fp-sS km-ao]yw, hf-sc Ip-d-ª P\-s¸-cp¸w, Ø-e-e-`y-X, Ip-dª sXmgn -{]-iv-\-§Ä Xp-S-§n-b-h-bm-Wv hy-h-km-b-§Ä-¡v h-f-¡q-dp-Å a-®m-¡n ]m-e-¡m-Sn-s\ am-äp-¶-Xv. BÄ C-´y am-t\-Pv-saâ v A-tkm-kn-tb-j- (AIMA) sâ AwKo-Im-c-t¯m-Sp IqSn ]m-e-¡m-Sv am-t\-Pv-saâ v A-tkmÊn-tb-j (PMA)-\p-am-bn k-l-I-cn-¨m-Wv In]vtImbp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä. I-©n-t¡m-Sv C³-U-kv-{So-kv t^md (KIF) ¯nsâ k-l-I-c-W-hp-ap≠v. C³-U-kv-{Snb- ta-fbpw hy-hkm-b {]-ZÀ-i-\-hp-am-Wv \-S-¡pI. Bbn-c-¡-W-¡n-\v hy-h-km-b-{]-ap-Jcpw {]-Xn-\n-[n-Ifpw

hn-ZymÀ-°n-Ifpw C³-sU-Ivkvt]m tI-c-f 2013sâ `m-K-am-Ipw. 2011  kw-L-Sn-¸n-¨ B-Zy-L-«-¯n G-gv kw-Øm-\-§-fn \n-¶m-bn 162Hmfw s]mXpþkz-Im-cy Øm]-\-§-fm-Wv ]-s¦-Sp-¯-Xv. 3 e-£-t¯mfw s]m-Xp-P-\-§fpw H-¶mw-L-«-¯n-sâ `m-K-ambn. kq-£vaþsN-dp-In-SþCS-¯-cw hy-h-km-b-§Ä sIm-≠v k-ar-²-am-Wv ] m-e-¡m-Sv PnÃ. F-¶m ]m-e-¡m-Sn-sâ hn-I-k-\¯n K-h¬-saâp-IÄ Xm¸cyw Im-Wn-¡p-¶nà F-¶ ]-cm-Xnbpw ]m-e-¡m«p¡mÀ-¡p≠v. ]m-e-¡m-Sn-sâ A-h-k-c-§Ä tem-I-¯n-\v ap-¶n Xp-d-¶p Im-Wn-¡p-hm³ C³-sUIvkvt]m tI-c-f-bp-am-bn In]vtIm ap-t¶m-«ph-cp-¶-Xv. \n-t£-]-ku-lr-Z -kw-Øm-\-sa-¶ \n-e-bn tI-cfs¯ a-äv kw-Øm-\-§Ä-¡n-S-bnepw hn-tZ-i-§fnepw ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp¯p-I F-¶ e-£yhpw C³-sU-Iv-kv-t]m¡p-s≠-¶v In]vtIm sN-bÀ-am³ sIF-kv a-Wn ]-dªp. hym-h-kmbn-I {]-ZÀ-i-\-§fn-eq-sSbpw hy-h-kmbim-em k-µÀ-i-\-§-f-neq-sSbpw _n2_n (_n-kn\-Êv Sp _n-kn-\Êv) B-În-hn-änI-sf t{]mÂ-km-ln-¸n-¡p-I, kw-cw-`-IÀ X-½n-ep-f-f _-Ô-§Ä Du-«n-D-d-¸n-¡p-I, _ n2kn (_n-kn\-Êv Sp I-Ì-aÀ) _-Ô-§-Ä-¡v th-Zn-bm-IpI, km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zy-I-fp-w D-Â-¸-¶-§fpw s]m-Xp-P-\ -§Ä-¡v Im-Wm\pw A-dn-bm\pw th-Zn-bm-Ip-I, F-³Pn\n-b-dn-wKv hn-ZymÀ-Yn-IÄ A-S-¡-ap-Å-hÀ-¡v km-t¦-XnI-hn-ZyI-sf Iq-Sp-X A-Sp-¯-d-n-bm³ k-lm-b-sam-cp¡p-I- F-¶n-hbpw C³-U-Ivkv-t]m-bp-sS e-£y-§-fn DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶-p. "sU-kv-än-t\-j³ ]m-e-¡mSv" F-¶ k-tµ-

iw D-b-À-¯n H-cp \n-t£-]-IbnSw F-¶ \n-e-bn ]m-e -¡m-Sv PnÃ-sb D-bÀ-¯n-¡m-«p-I, PnÃ-bn-se IÀ-j-I-cpsS Iq-sS k-lm-b-t¯m-sS ImÀ-jn-Iþ `-£y kw-kv-IcW-s¯ t{]mÂ-km-ln-¸n-¡p-I, ]-cn-Øn-Xn ku-lmÀ-± ]-²-Xn-I-fn-ep-sS PnÃ-bn-se km-¼-¯n-I-\ne-sb Xz-cn-Xs¸-Sp-¯p-I Xp-S-§n-bhbpw C³-sU-Ivkv-t]m 2013 sâ e-£y-§-fn Nn-e-Xm-Wv. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ hym-h-kmbn-I X-e-Øm-\-am-bn ]m-e-¡m-Sn-s\ {]-Jym-]n-¡p-I, PnÃbn H-cp I¬-sh³-j³/ F-Iv-kn-_n-j³ skâÀ B-cw-`n-¡m³ 25 G-¡À hn-«p-X-cp-I, Sq-dn-kw- X-e-¯n tI-c-f-¯n-se hy-h-km-b§-sf t{]mÂ-km-ln-¸n-¡m-\p -Å ]-²-Xn-IÄ \-S-¸n-em¡p-I Xp-S§nb s]m-Xphm-b B-h-iy-§Ä-¡v K-h¬-saân k-½À-±w sN-ep-¯m\pw C³-sU-Ivkv-t]m 2013 D-]-I-cn-¡pw. C³-sU-Ivkv-t]m 2013sâ `m-K-am-bn \-S-¯p-¶ F-Iv-k-n_n-j-\n C-cp¶q-dv kv-äm-fp-I-fm-Wv A-[n-Ir-XÀ {]-Xo-£n-¡p-¶Xv. A-Xn 10 i-X-am-\w sN-dpIn-S kw-cw-`-IÀ-¡v ku-P-\yam-bn \Â-Im\pw A-Xn-eq-sS sN-dp-In-S-kw-cw-`-I-cp-sS {]m-Xn-\n[yw D-d-¸phcp-¯m-\m-Wv Xo-cp-am\w.

{]tXy-I-X-I-fp-ambn ]tP-tdm kv-t]mÀ-«v-... ¯p-¶p. S-¨v kv-{Io³ anXvkp-_n-jn ]tPtdm kv-t]mÀ-«nsâ B-\n-th-gvk-dn HmUntbm kn-kväw, F-Unj-\v B-h-iy-¡m-tc-dp¶p. D-]-t`m-àm-hn-sâ B-hPn-]nF-kv \m-hn-tKj³,

tNc-am³ ^n-\m³-jy kÀ-hok-kv en-an-ä-Un-\v A-\p-a-Xn tN-c-am³ ^n-\m³-jy kÀ-hok-kv en-anä-Un\v _m-¦nXc ^n-\m³-knw-Kv Øm-]-\-am-bn

{]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-Xn-\v dn-kÀ-hv _m¦v Hm-^v C-´ybp-sS A-\pa-Xn e-`n¨p. Iq-Sm-sX I¼-\n {]mtbm-P-I-cm-bn \n¶p-sIm-≠v A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶ tNc-am³ ^-≠n\v HmÄ-sSÀ-t\-äo-hv C³-sh-kv-äv-saâ v ^≠v (Venture Capital Fund) B-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶Xn-\p-Å A-\pa-Xnbpw sk-Iyq-cn-äo-kv Bâ v F-Ivkv-tN-©v t_mÄUv Hm-^v C-´y-bn \n-¶v e-`yam-bn-«p≠v. ]-en-i-cln-X [-\-Im-cy-tk-h-\-§Ä e-`y-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bn tI-c-f kwØm-\ hy-hkm-b hnI-k\ tImÀ-¸-td-j\pw tI-c-f-¯nepw KÄ-^v cm-Py-§-fn-ep-ap-Å a-e-bm-fn hy-h-km-bn-I fpw tNÀ-¶m-cw-`n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶ [-\-Im-cy-Øm-]-\-amWv tN-c-am³ ^n-\m³-jy kÀ-hok-kv en-an-ä-Uv (kn-F-kv-F-^v-FÂ). C-Ém-an-Iv i-cnA-¯v \n-ba-§-fn-se km-¼¯n-I X-Xz-§Ä B-[m-c-am-¡n C-´y³ \n-b-a-§Ä-¡-\p-kr-X-am-bm-Wv I-¼-\n-bpsS {]-hÀ-¯\w. t\m¬ _m-¦nw-Kv ^n-\m³-knwKv (NBFC), sh©zÀ Iym-]n-ä ^-≠nwKv, C³-{^m-kv-{S-Iv-NÀ Uh-e-]v-saâ v F-¶o aq-¶p ta-J-e-I-fm-Wv tN-c-am³ {Kq-¸n-sâ {][m-\ tk-h-\§Ä. ]-Xn-s\m¶w-K U-b-d-ÎÀ t_mÀ-Um-Wv I-¼-\n-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä \n-b-{´n-¡p-¶Xv. KÄ-^mÀ {Kq¸v am-t\-PnwKv U-b-d-ÎÀ tUm. ]n ap-l½-Zv A-en sN-bÀ-am\pw s_-lv-km-Zv {Kq¸v Hm-^v I-¼-\o-kv sN-bÀ-am³ B³-Uv am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ kn, sI ta-t\m³ ssh-kv sN-bÀ-am-\pam-b U-b-d-ÎÀ t_mÀ-Un ]n F³ kn ta-t\m³, ]n F C-{_m-lw lmPn, Sn _m-e-Ir-jv-W³ Xp-S-§n-b-hÀ Aw-K-§-fmWv. F ]n Fw ap-l½-Zv l-\o-jv sF-FF-kv B-Wv amt\-Pnw-Kv U-b-dÎÀ.

iyhpw {]-Xo-£-bpw Im-¡p-¶-hn-[-¯n G-sd {]-tXyIX-I-tfm-sS-bmWv Cu B-Uw-_-c hm-l\-¯n-sâ B-\pth-gvk-dn F-Un-j³ ]p-d-¯n-d-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. _n-_n-kn tSm-]v Kn-bÀ am-K-knsâ Hm-^v tdm-UÀ Hm-^v Z C-bÀ 2012 ]p-c-kv-Im-cw t\Sn-b an-Xvkp-_n-jn ]tPtdm kv-t]mÀ -Sv, ln-µp-Øm³ tam-t«m-gv-kn-sâ sNss¶ ¹mân-emWv D¸m-Zn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. Um-¡À dm-enbn AS-¡w \n-ch-[n td-kn-Mv tImw-]-äo-j-\pI-fn ]-tP-tdm hn-P-b-]-Xm-I ]m-dn-¨n-«p-≠v. ]-tPtdm kv-t]mÀ-«v B\n-th-gvk-dn F-Un-j³ sIm¨n-bn ]-cn-N-bs¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn G-sd k-t´m-jap-s≠-¶p ]-d-bp¶p ln-µp-Øm³ tam-t«m-gv-kv No^v Hm-¸-tdänwKv Hm-^n-kÀ ]n. hn-Pb³. sIm-¨n-bn Cu hm-l-\-¯n-\p [m-cm-fw B-hiy-¡m-cp-≠mIp-sa-¶m-Wp {]-Xo-£n-¡p-¶Xv. dm-en-I-fnepw aäpw anI-hp sX-fn-bn-¨ hml\w Hms«m-sam-ss_ sSIv-t\m-f-Pn-bpsS an-I-¨ D-Zmlc-Ww Iq-Sn-bmsW-¶v A-t±-lw km-£y-s¸-Sp-

dn-bÀ hyq Iyma-d, B\n-th-gv-k-dn F-Un-j³ Fw-»w XpS-§n \n-ch-[n {]-tXy-IX-I-tfm-sS-bm-Wv B-\n-th-gvk-dn F-Un-j³ A-h-X-cn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv.

77


t^m¡kv tIcf

KpW-ta-· D-d-¸n¨v kmÂ-h ^pUvv t{]mU-Iv-Sv-kv... b-t¯m-sS-bm-Wv Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\w ap-t¶m«vv t]m-Ip-¶Xv "DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ em-`-¯n\Ã, Kp-Wta·-bv¡m-Wv {]m-[m\yw \Â-Ip¶-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv Ip-d-ª Im-ewsIm≠v D-]-t`m-àm-hn-sâ hnizm-kw t\-Sm³ I-gn-ªXv. AXpXs¶-bm-Wv R-§-fp-sS hnPb-¯nsâ c-l-ky-hpw. "kn³-knbÀ ^p-Uv t{]m-U-Îv-kv FwUn C F-kv ap-l½-Zv ]-d-bp-¶p. Kp-W-ta·-bv-¡p-

tI c-f-¯n-se `-t£ymÂ-¸m-Z-\cwK-s¯ th-dn-s«m-cp hn-P-b-Km-Y-bm-Wv

kmÂh ^p-Uv t{]m-U-Îv-kn-tâXv. _n-cnbm-Wn-¡q«v, A-¨m-dpIÄ, A-cn-s¸mSn, ]p«ps¸mSn, A-¸-s¸mSn, ap-f-I-vs]mSn, _n-cnbm-Wn A-cn, Imbw Xp-S§n-b `-£y-hkv-Xp-¡Ä C-hn-sS D-Â-¸m-Zn-¸n-¡p¶p. C-´y-bpw ku-Zn-bp-amWv kmÂ-h ^p-Uv t{]m-U-Îv-kn-sâ hn-]-Wn. ]m-c-¼-cy-am-bn k-©-cn-¨n-cp-¶ ]m-Xbn \n¶pw am-dn ]pXn-sbm-cp h-gn sh«n-¯p-d-¶ N-cn-{X-am-Wv kmÂ-h ^p-Uv t{]m-U-Îv-kv Fw-Un C F-kv apl½Zn-\v ]-d-bm-\p-ÅXv. ]-Ån-¡-c s]-cn-§m-ebnse kn³-kn-bÀ ^p-Uv t{]m-U-Îv-kv B-Wv kmÂh ^p-Uv t{]m-U-Îv-kn-sâ

DÂ-¸m-ZIÀ. ]-c-¼-cm-K-X-am-bn X-Sn _n-kn\-Êv B-bn-cp-¶p ap-l-½-Zn-sâ Ip-Spw-_-¯n\v. F-¶m- kz-´am-sbm-cp _n-kn-\-Êv B-cw-`n-¡m-\m-Wv ap-l½Zv B-{K-ln-¨Xv. kz-]v-\-§Ä bm-YmÀ-°y-am-¡m-\p-Å aq-e[-\w I-s≠-¯m³ A-t±-lw ku-Zn A-td-_y-bn-te-¡v t]m-bn. ku-Zn-bn \n¶pw Xn-cn-s¨¯n-b ap-l-½-Zv kn³-kn-bÀ ^p-Uv-t{]m-U-Îv F-¶ Øm]-\w B-cw-`n-¨p. C-¶v tI-c-f¯n-se ap³In-S `-t£ymÂ-¸m-Z-\- Øm]-\-§-fn-sem-¶m-Wv kn³-kn-bÀ ^p-Uv s{]m-U-Îv-kv. sXm-gn-em-fn-£m-a-am-Wv Øm]-\w t\-cn-Sp-¶ {][m\ shÃp-hn-fn-. A-\ykw-Øm-\- sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS k-lm-

tI_nÄSn-hn ]-c-ky-§-fp-am-bn

F-kv aoUn-b F-Ivkv-t]m-kv

Sn sI kp-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ

Zr-

iy-am-[y-acwK-¯v tI-_nÄ Sn-hn irw-J-e-IÄ¡v h-en-b Øm-\-ap-s≠-¶v ]-c-kyZm-Xm¡-sf t_m-[y-s¸-Sp-¯n ]-cky-{]-Nmc-Ww h-gn A-hÀ-¡v t\-«-§Ä k-½m-\n-¡m³ k-lm-bn-¡p-I-bmWv F-kv aoUn-b F-Ivkv-t]m-kv. tI-c-f-¯n-se tImÀ-¸-td-äv I-¼-\nI-sf tI-_nÄ Sn-hn h-gn ]-ckyw \Â-Im³ t{]-cn-¸n-¨ F-kv aoUn-b F-Ivkv-t]m-kv C-¶p h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS ]-S-hp-IÄ Xm-≠p-¶p. ]m-e-¡m-Sv B-Øm-\-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n¡p-¶ F-kv aoUn-b F-Ivkv-t]m-kv 2006 B-Wv {]-hÀ¯-\w B-cw-`n-¡p¶-Xv. tIc-f, X-an-gv-\mSv, IÀ-®mS-I, B-{Ôm-{]-tZ-iv F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn k-Po-h-

CAPTAIN Premium Interior Emulsion Paint

Royal Duke Exterior Emulsion Paint

Å Aw-Ko-Im-c-ambn ISO kÀ-«n-^n-t¡j³ Øm-]-\-¯n-\v e-`n¨p. Kp-W-ta-· Dd-¸v h-cp-¯p-¶-Xn-\mbn A-^vKm-\n-Øm-\n \n-¶m-Wv Im-bw Cd-¡pa-Xn sN-¿p-¶Xv. tKmX-¼v C-d-¡paXn sN-¿p¶Xv cm-P-Øm-\n \n-¶pw. tI-c-f-¯nepw X-an-gv-\m-«nep-am-Wv kn³-kn-bÀ ^p-Uv t{]m-U-Îv-knsâ {] [m-\- hn-]-Wn-. DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ 75 i-Xam-\w hn-ä-gn-¡p-¶Xpw Cu kw-Øm-\§-fn-emWv.

km-¶n-[yam-b F-kv ao-Unb a-lm-cm-jv-{S-bn-te¡pw {]-hÀ-¯-\w hym-]n-¸n-¡m³ H-cp-§p¶p. A-h-\h-sâ IÀ½-§-fn B-ßmÀ-°-X ]p-eÀ-¯n-bm D-b-c-§Ä Iog-S-¡m³ I-gn-bp-sa-¶v F-kv aoUn-b F-Ivkv-t]m-kv F-Ivkn-Iyq-«o-hv U-b-d-ÎÀ Sn sI kp-\nÂ-Ip-amÀ ]-d-bp¶p. tI-_nÄ Sn hn {]tamj³, C-hâ v am-t\-Pv-saâ,v ]-c-kyNn-{X \nÀ-½mWw, dqd {]-tam-j³-kv XpS-§n ]-c-ky-ta-J-ebn-se a-äp ta-J-e-I-fnepw F-kv aoUnb tkh-\w \Â-Ip-¶p. I-eym¬ Pz-tÃ-gvkv, I-eym¬ kmcokv, t]m-¯okv, {]o-an-bÀ anÂkv, ap-¯q-äv ^n-\mkv, tPm-bv B-ep-¡m-kv XpS-§nb Øm-]-\-§Ä F-kv ao-Un-b-bp-sS D-]-tbm-àm-¡-fmWv. ]c-ky ta-J-e-bn ]-co-£-W-§-fp-am-bn ap-t¶-dp-t¼mgpw a-äp ta-J-e-I-fnepw kp-\nÂIp-amÀ {i-² ]Xn¸n¡p¶p. I-f-`-NmÀ-¯v F-¶ am-knIbpw F-kv aoUn-b F-Ivkv-t]m-kn-eq-sS {]-kn-²o-I-cn-¡p-¶p-≠v. cm-Py-¯m-Zy-am-bn B-[ymßn-I ]{Xw ]p-d-¯n-d-¡m\pw kp\n-en-\p ]-²-Xn-bp≠v.

Duke Pride Exterior Emulsion Paint

FdWm-Ipfw Ip-am-c-\m-im³ Pw-Kv-j-\n-se FPn]n tlmw skâ-dn F-b-tdm-^näv ^n-äv\-kv tjm-¸n sIm-¨n ta-bÀ tSm-Wn N-½n-Wn D-Zv-LmS-\w sN-¿p¶p. kn-Ü slÂ-¯v-sI-bÀ U-b-d-IvtS-gv-kv Pn {io-Ip-amÀ, {io-Ip-amÀ hn ta-t\m³, FPn]n tlmw skâÀ kn-Fw-Un {]-Zo-]v tI-em«v, Hm-¸-td-j³-kv sl-Uv DÃm-kv F-¶n-hÀ k-ao]w.

80


{]Y-a- Øm-\-¯n-sâ {]u-Vn-bn s]-cn-´Â-a® tIm-¸-td-äo-hv _m-¦v tI -c-f-¯n-se G-ähpw an-I-¨ kÀ-Æo-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¦p-I-fn-sem-¶m-Wv s]-cn-´Â-a-® kÀ-Æo-kv k-lI-

c-W _m-¦v (]n-kn-_n). 1953 ImÀjn-I kw-L-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯-\-am-cw-`n-¨ _m-¦n C-¶v B-dm-bn-c-¯n-te-sd {]m-Yan-I Aw-K-§-fp-≠v. 1972þ73 Im-e-L-«-¯n tI-cf-¯n B-Zy-am-bn hnkm-tem¬ ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp¯n-b _m-¦m-Wv s]-cn-´Â-a-® kÀ-Æo-kv k-lI-c-W _m¦v. KÄ-^n-te-¡p-Å bm-{X-bv-¡v km-[m-c-W-¡mcm-b AwK§-sf k-lm-bn-¡m³ Xp-S-¡-an-« hnkm-tem¬ ]n Â-¡me-¯v _m-¦n-sâ X-te-h-c X-s¶ am-äp-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. KÄ-^n \n¶pw Xn-cn-s¨-¯n-b-hÀ F³BÀsF A-¡u-≠v CÃm-Xn-cp-¶n«p-t]mepw X-§-fp-sS k-¼m-Zy-w ]n-kn-_nbn \n-t£-]n¨p. C¯-cw \n-t£-]-§-fm-Wv kw-Øm\-s¯ H-¶ma-s¯ {]m-Yan-I k-l-I-c-W kwL-am-bn am-dm³ s]-cn-´Â-a-® kÀ-Æo-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¦n-\v k-lm-b-I-am-bXv. kÀ-Æo-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¦p-IÄ C-¶v t\-cn-Sp-¶ G-ähpw hen-b shÃp-hn-fn \yq-P-\-td-j³ _m-¦p-I-fp-sS B-hnÀ-`m-h-am-sW-¶v _m-¦v {]-knUâ v A-ÐpÄ h-lm_v ]-d-bp¶p. F-¦nepw R-§-f-Xn-s\ \-sÃm-cp aÂ-k-cam-bn I-W-¡m-¡n ap-t¶-dm³ {i-an-¡p-¶p≠v, A-t±-lw Iq-«n-t¨À-¡p¶p. sSIv-t\m-f-Pn-sb c-≠v ssI¿pw \o-«n kzo-I-cn-¨ N-cn-{X-am-Wv _m-¦n-\v. 1970  X-s¶ _m-¦v slUv Hm-^o-kv F-bÀ I-≠o-j³ sN-¿m³ km-[n¨p. A-¶v F-kn cm-Py-s¯ {][m-\ \-K-c-§-fn t]mepw A-{X ]-cn-Nn-X-am-bn-cp-¶nÃ. I-¼yq-«À-h-Xv-I-cn-¨ tI-c-f¯n-se aq-¶ma-s¯ _m-¦m-Wv s]-cn-´Â-a-® kÀ-Æo-kv k-lI-c-W _m¦v. k-lI-c-W _m-¦nw-Kv cwK-s¯ A-

In-Uv-\n shÂ-s^-bÀ A-tkm-kn-tb-j-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä-¡v kw-`mh-\. Xp-S-§n-b-h _m-¦n-sâ Po-h-Im-cpWy {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fn Nn-e-Xp-am-{Xw. C-cp-¶q-dp tIm-Sn-bm-Wv _m-¦n-se C-t¸mg-s¯ B-sI \n-t£]w. A-Xn 190 tIm-Sn hm-bv-]-bm-bn \Â-In-bn-«p-ap≠v. Aw-K-§Ä-¡p 25% em-`-hn-ln-Xhpw \Â-Inh-cp¶p.

A_vZpÄ hlm-_v, {]kn-Uâ v

^-k ap-l½-Zv, sshkv{]-kn-Uâ v

]-cym-]v-X-X-IÄ D-]-t`m-àm¡-sf _m-¦nÂ\n¶pw A-Iäp-¶p-sh-¶ ]-cm-Xn-bm-Wv ssh-kv {]-knUâ v ^-k ap-l½-Zv ]-¦p-h-bv-¡p-¶Xv. C-Xp X-s¶-bm-Wv \yq-P-\-tdj³ _m-¦p-I-fn-te-¡v Ah-sc A-Sp-¸n-¡p-¶-Xpw. B-dmbn-c-t¯m-fw Aw-K-§-fp-s≠-¦nepw Hm-tcm-cp-¯-tcmSpw hy-àn-]-c-am-b _-Ô-am-Wv _m-¦n-\p-f-f-sX-¶v No-^v F-Iv-kn-Iyq-«o-hv P-bnw-kv Fw hÀ-¤o-kv ]-d-bp¶p. km-aq-ly {]-Xn-_-²-Xbv¡pw Po-h-Im-cp-Wy {]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡pw s]-cn-´Â-a-® kÀ-Æo-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¦v {]m-[m\yw \Â-Ip¶p. \nÀ-[-\cmb tcm-Kn-IÄ-¡pÅ Nn-InÕmk-lm-bw \Â-In h-cp¶p. s]-cn-´Â-a-® PnPn-F-¨v-F-kn B-bn-c-¯n¸-cw hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ-¡v ]T-\-k-lm-bhpw \Â-Ip¶p≠v. ]m-h-s¸-« hn-ZymÀ-°nIÄ-¡v kv-tIm-fÀ-jn¸v, th-\Â-¡me-¯v Ip-Sn-sh-Å hn-X-cWw, Po-h-\-¡m-cp-sS a-¡Ä-¡p Iym-jv A-hmÀUv,

sam-kmÀ-«v t¥m-_Â ^À-Wn-¨-dn-sâ ]pXnb tem-tKm-bpsS {]-Imi-\w km-aq-lyt£-a h-Ip-¸p-a{´n tUm. Fw sI ap-\oÀ \nÀ-h-ln-¡p¶p. sam-kmÀ-«v tlmw-kn-sâ U-b-d-ÎÀ-amcm-b kpÂ-^n-¡À Aen, Cw-]m-Iv-äv aoUn-b U-b-d-ÎÀ c-Po-jv sI hn F-¶n-hÀ k-ao]w.

81


t^m¡kv tIcf

A\´ km-[y-X-I-sfm-cp-¡n

sF-Un-_n-sF _m¦v {]-hÀ-¯-\am-cw-`n-¨v hÀ-j-§Ä-¡pÅn¯-s¶ D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v _m-¦nw-Kv ta-J-e-bn-se A-\-´km-[y-X-IÄ {]-Zm-\w sN-bvXp-sIm-≠v hy-Xy-kv-X-cm-Ip-I-bm-Wv s]m-Xp-ta-J-e-bnse ]p-Xp-X-e-ap-d _m¦m-b sF-Un-_n-sF _m-¦v. C-¶v bq-Wn-thgv-k sIm-ta-gv-ky _m-¦m-bn h-fÀ-¶p I-gn-ª sF-Un-_n-sF [-\-Im-cy ta-J-e-bn \n-ch[n km-¼¯nI tk-h-\-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶p. H¸wXs¶ {Kmao-W ta-J-e-I-f-nepw ImÀ-jntI-X-c tk-h-\-§-Ä \Â-Ip-¶Xnepw anI-hv ]p-eÀ-¯p-¶p. 2013 amÀ-¨v 31 A-h-km-\n-¨ km-¼¯n-I hÀ-j¯nÂ, sam-¯w _n-kn-\ kv 4,23,423 tIm-Sn cq] ssI-h-cn-¨ _m-¦v IqSp-X \q-X-\amb tk-h-\-§Ä D-]-t`m-àm¡Ä-s¡-¯n-¨v cm-Py-s¯ an-I¨ s]m-Xp -taJ-em _m-¦m-bn D-b-cm-\p-Å {i-a-§Ä B-cw-`n-¨pI-gnªp. Xp-S-¡w... 2012þ13 km-¼¯n-I hÀ-j-¯n 1882 tIm-Sn cq-] em-`w ssI-h-cn-¨ sF-Un-_n-sF _m-¦n-\v Io-gn 766 tI-{µ-§-fn-em-bn 1113 {_m©v Hm-^o-kp-I-fpw H-cp CâÀ\m-jW Hm-^o-kpw 1856 F-Sn-F-½p-Ifpw {]-hÀ-¯n¡p-¶p-≠v.

do-s«-bv _m-¦nw-Knepw Fw-F-kv-Fw-C _m-¦nw-Knepw _-lp-Zq-cw ap-t¶-dn-¡-gnªp apwss_ tI-{µ-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ sF-Un-_n-sF _m-¦v. A-kq-bm-h-lamb _n-kn\-kv I-cp¯pw B-tcmSpw In-S]n-Sn-¡m³ ]-cym-]v-Xamb B-ßmÀ-°-X \ndª sXmgnÂ-_-ehpw km-t¦Xn-Ihn-Zy-bp-sS km-[y-X-IÄ D-]tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n-bpÅ {]-hÀ-¯-\-hpw, kp-Xm-cy-Xbpw Im-cy£-a-X hÀ-²n-¸n-¨-Xp-saÃmw _m-¦nsâ h-fÀ-¨-bn \nÀ-®m-b-Iam-b L-S-I-§-fmWv. Iq-SmsX Ip-d-ª sN-e-hn Iq-Sp-X B-fp-I-fnte-¡v tk-h-\-§Ä hym-]n-¸n-¨-Xp-w C-´y-bn-se s]m-XptaJ-em _m-¦p-IÄ-¡n-S-bn sF-Un-_n-sF _m-¦n-s\ hyXy-kv-X-am-¡p-¶p. 4,23,423 tUmf-dnsâ BsI hcpam-\hpw 1882 tImSn-bpsS Aäm-Zm-bhpw Øm]-\-¯n-\p≠v.

H-cp ]-Sn ap-¶n _m-¦nw-Kv cwK-¯v H-cp ap-t¶-äw \-S-¯p-¶-tXm-sSm¸w Xs¶ tImÀ-¸-td-äv ta-J-e-bnepw do-s«-bv ta-J-e-bnep-ambn _n-kn\-kv {Kq-¸pIÄ sF-Un-_n-sF Hm-¸-td-äv sN-¿p-¶p-≠v. Hcp _m-¦n\v tImÀ-¸-td-äv ss¢â v-kp-IÄ B-h-iy-am-sW-¶ Xn-cn-¨-dn-hn \n-¶v Iym-jv am-t\-Pvsaâ v, t^m-dn³ F-Iv-kv-tN-©v, t{S-Uv ^n-\m³kv, sh©zÀ t]-bv-sa-â v-kv Iq-Sm-sX a-äv hym]m-c tk-h-\-§fpw ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p-¶-Xn-\m-bn-«m-Wv tImÀ-¸-td-äv ta-J-e {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶Xv. C-Xn-\mbn AXn-sshZ-Kv-[y-ap-Å H-cp {]-tXyI Sow X-s¶ sF-Un-_n-sF-¡v Io-gn {]-hÀ-¯n¡p-¶p-. do-s«-bv hn`m-K-¯nsâ {]-hÀ-¯-\w sF-Un-_n-

sF-bp-sS FÃm ta-J-e-bn-ep-ap-Å I-Ì-ta-gv-kpw X-§-fpsS F-Sn-Fw, t^m¬, CâÀ-s\-äv sam-ss_ _m-¦nw-Kv XpS-§n-b CXc tkh-\-§Ä hgn hym]-I-ambn D]-tbmKn-¡-p-¶p. do-s«-bv sU-t¸m-kn-äv, A-Uzm³-kv tem¬, F³-BÀ-sF-IÄ-¡mbn C³-sh-kv-äv-saâ v A-ssUzk-dn kÀ-ho-kp-Ifpw _m-¦v hf-sc Im-cy-£-a-am-bn X-s¶ sN¿p-¶p-≠v.

aq-ey-hÀ²n-X tk-h-\-§Ä tem-¡À ku-I-cyw, Kn-^v-äv ImÀ-UpIÄ, A-¡u-≠v A-eÀ«v, thÄ-Uv I-d³-kn ImÀUv, C sa-bn tÌ-ävsaâ vkv, Hm¬-sse³ bq-«n-en-än _nÂ, Sm-Iv-kv s]-bvsaâ v, Ce-t{Îm-Wn-Iv-kv sd-an-ä³kv, ImÀ-Uv Sp ImÀ-Uv {Sm³-kv-^À F-¶o aq-eyhÀ²n-X tk-h-\-§Ä hf-sc Im-cy-£-a-am-bn Xs¶ sF-Un-_nsF sN-¿p-¶p. temI-¯n-em-Zyam-bn 24x7 {]o-an-bÀ tem-¡À ku-Icyw GÀ-s¸-Sp¯n-b-Xn-sâ s{I-Unäv sF-Un-_n-sF _m-¦n-\v A-h-Im-i-s¸-«-XmWv. ap-wss_-bn-se sImfm-_ {_m-©nemWv Cu 24 a-Wn-¡qÀ tem-¡À ku-Icyw GÀ-s¸-Sp¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. Iq-SmsX km-¼-¯n-I-]-c-ambn ]n-¶m-¡w \nÂ-¡p-¶ AÀ_³ ta-J-e-I-fn _m-¦nw-Kv ta-J-e hym-]n-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bn {]-tXy-Iw ]-²-Xn-Ifpw _m-¦v \-S-¯p-¶p-≠v. an-I-¨ _m-¦n\pw an-I-¨ ]-»n-Iv skÎÀ _m-¦n-\pap-Å 2011se U³ & {_m-Uv-kv{So-äv A-hmÀUv (Un & _n). kn-F³-_n-kn Sn-hn-bp-sS kv-s]-jy Pq-dn A-hmÀUpIfpw DĸsS Np-cp§n-b Im-e-b-f-hn-\p-Ån \n-ch[n AwKo-Im-c-§fpw _m-¦v kz-´-am-¡n-.

D]t`m-àm-¡-sf-b-dnªv C-´y³ Hm-hÀ-kokvv _m¦v C ´y³ _m-¦nw-Kv cwK-¯v 76 hÀjs¯ ]m-c-¼-cy-w. sam-¯w _n-kn-\-kv

§-Ä-¡v km-¼-¯n-I k-lm-bw \Â-In¡gn-ªp. t{S-Unw-Kv cw-K-¯p-Å-hÀ-¡pw, F-kvFwC cw-K-¯p-Å-hÀ¡pw G-sd Kpaq-¶-c e-£-¯n-\p ap-I-fn-Â. C§-s\ W-I-c-am-Ip-¶ Cu-kn t{S-Uv ^n-\m³-kv \n-ch-[n t\-«-§Ä ]-d-bm-\p-≠v C-´y³ sF-H-_n-bp-sS {]-tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. `-h-\ Hm-hÀ-ko-kv _m-¦n\v (sF-H-_n). tZhm-bv-], hy-àn-K-Xhm-bv-] Xp-S§nb io-bX-e¯n 2973 {_m-©p-I-fpw 2042 cw-K-§-fnepw B-h-iy-§-f-dnªv tem¬ F-Sn-Fw Iu-≠-dp-I-fp-am-bn Cu s]m\Â-Ip-hm³ km-[n-¡p-¶p-. A-Xp-t]m-se Xp-ta-J-e _m-¦v km-¶n-[ya-dnX-s¶ F-Sp-¯p ]-d-tb-≠-Xmbn-¨p I-gnªp. tI-c-f-¯n Wv, C³-jp-d³-kv cwK-s¯ Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pcw, F-d-Wm-Ip-fw, {]-hÀ-¯\w. sse-^v C³-jptIm-gn-t¡m-Sv F-¶o do-Pnbd³-kv cw-K-¯pw, C-X-c C³-jpW-ep-I-fnem-bn 175 {_-m-©p-Id³-kv cw-K-¯pw, sa-Un-s¢bnw fpÅ sF-H-_n-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯cw-K¯pw _m-¦v km-¶n-[y-a-dn\-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v F-d-Wm-Ip-fw bn-¨p I-gn-ªp. Hm¬sse-\ndo-PnbW am-t\-P-À tPmÀÖv eqsS \n-Ip-Xn A-S-bv-¡p-hm-\pCu-¸³ hn-i-Zo-I-cn-¡p-¶p. Å ku-I-cyhpw e-`y-amWv tI-c-f-¯n-se {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä tPmÀÖv Cu-¸³ _m-¦nsâ tk-h-\-§Ä Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw PnÃ-bn-se hn-h-ckm-t¦-Xn-Ihn-Zy-bpsS eo-Unw-Kv _m-¦p-Ifn-sem-¶mbn sFH-_n k-lm-b-t¯m-sS-bp-Å _m-¦nwKv tk-ham-dn-¡-gnªp. km-aqln-I km-¼¯n-I \-§Ä D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fn F-¯n-¡-gnªp. CâÀ-s\-äv _m-¦nw-Kv, sam-ss_- hn-I-k-\-¯n-\m-Wv _m-¦v Du-¶Â _m-¦nw-Kv, CâÀ\m-j-W sU-_n-äv \Â-Ip-¶Xv. ssa-t{Im ^n-\m³-knw-Kv Bâ v s{I-Un-äv ImÀ-Uvkv, C-âÀ\m-jcw-K-¯pw Iq-Sp-X {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä W sd-an-ä-\-kv, s\-^väv (NEFT), BÀB-cw-`n-¡p-¶p-≠v. B-[mÀ ImÀ-Un-eqSn-PnF-kv(RTGS) Xp-S§n-b tk-h-\-§sS _m-¦nw-Kv cw-K-¯v h-cp-¶ am-ä-¯n fm-Wv C-Xn DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. `mKamIm\p-Å {i-a-§fpw Xp-S-§n-. D-]Iq-SmsX km-aq-ln-Icw-K-¯pw it`m-àm¡-sf a-\-kn-em-¡ns¡m-≠p-Å àam-b kzm-[o-\w sN-ep-¯m-³ _m-¦ntk-h-\-§Ä B-cw-`n-¡p-¶-Xn-em-Wv \v km-[n-¡p-¶p. kv-{Xoim-àoI-c-W {]-[m-\-ambpw {i² tI-{µo-I-cn-¡p-¶Xv. cw-K-¯v G-sd kw-`m-h-\-IÄ \Â-Ip-hm³ F-kvFwC sk-Î-dn-se kzm-[o-\w _m-¦n-\v I-gn-ªn-«p≠v. iàn sFH-_n e-Lphm-b \-S-]-Sn-{I-a-§-Ä-¡ptijw Nn-Zw-_-c sN-«n-bmÀ sa-t½m-dn-bn {S-Ìneq-sS-bm-Wv C¯-cw {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä. Ip-d-ª ]-en-i-\n-c-¡n kw-cw-`-I-À-¡v km-[m-c-W-¡mcm-b kv-{XoI-sf kz-´w tem¬ \Â-Ip-hm³ km-[n-¡p-¶p-≠v. Im-en \nÀ-¯p-hm³ k-lm-bn¡p-I F-d-Wm-Ip-fw PnÃ-bn s]-cp-¼m-hqÀ F-¶-Xm-Wv {S-Ìn-sâ e-£yw. `mK-¯v C-¯-c-¯n H-«-\h-[n kw-cw-`-

82


_nkn\kv hnPbn¸n¡phm³ ]cn-io-e\w _nkn\kv hnPbn¸n¡p hm³ kwcw`Isc ]

BÄ tI-c-f ss{]h-äv _m-t¦-gv-kv A-tkm-.

55þmw h-b-Ên-te-¡v tI -c-f-¯n-se kz-Im-cy ]-W-an-S-]m-Sp-Im-cp-sS kw-L-S-\

hym-]m-cn-IÄ ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Ip-¶-Xv. "`q-cn-`m-Kw B-fp-I fpw {i-²n-¨n-cp¶-Xv kzÀ-®-¸bmb BÄ tI-c-f ss{]h-äv W-b-hm-bv-]-I-fn-em-bn-cp¶p. _m-t¦-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ F-¶m kzÀ-®-¯n-sâ hn-e 55þmw hmÀ-jn-Iw B-tLm-jnIp¯-s\ C-Sn-bp-t¼mÄ A-Xv ¡p-¶p.sk-]v-Xw-_À 22\v tImG-ähpw Iq-Sp-X _m-[n-¡p¶-Xv «b-¯v sh-¨m-Wv hmÀ-jnImC¯-cw [-\-Im-cy cw-K-¯p-Å-htLm-j-§-fp-sS D-Zv-Lm-S\w. sc-bm-Wv'-- BÄ tI-c-f ss{]h-äv kn -sP 1958 se a-Wn se³-tU-gv_m-t¦-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ tPm-k^v, kv _nÃn-s\ Xp-SÀ-¶mWv BÄ BÄ tI-c-f {]-knUâ v kn -sP tPmk^v tI-c-f ss{]h-äv _m-t¦-gv-kv ss{]h-äv ]-d-bp-¶p. 1999 ap-X kw-LA-tkm-kn-tb-j-sâ Xp-S¡w. _m-t¦-gv-kv S-\-bp-sS {]-knUâ v B-bn A-tkm-. kz-Im-cy-kzÀ-®]-W-b hy-h{]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-I-bm-Wv kn- sP {]-knUâ v km-bn-I-fp-sS A-h-Im-i-§Ä tPm-k^v. A-t±-l-¯n-sâ t\-Xrkw-c-£n-¡p-¶-Xn-\v th-≠n Xz-¯n \n-ch-[n {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Øm-]n-X-am-b BÄ tI-c-f ss{]h-äv fmWv BÄ tI-c-f ss{]h-äv _m-t¦-gv-kv _m-t¦-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tb-j-\n ]-Xn-\m- A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ \-S-¯p-¶Xv. Im³-kÀ bn-c-¯n-e-[n-Iw c-Pn-tÌÀUv ]W-an-S-]mSv tcm-Kn-IÄ¡pw lr-Z-b-kw-_-Ônbmb Øm-]-\-§-fpw A-Xn-sâ C-c-«n-bn-e-[n-Iw tcm-K-§Ä D-Å-hÀ-¡pw th-≠n [-\-k-lmA-kw-LSn-X hy-h-km-bn-I-fpw Aw-K-§bw DÄ-s¸-sS H-«-\h-[n Nm-cn-än {]-hÀ-¯fm-Wv. H-«-\h-[n shÃp-hn-fnI-sf Xc-Ww \-§Ä-¡v A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ t\-XrXzw sN-bv-Xv sIm-≠mWv Cu cwK-s¯ \Â-Ip¶p.

cnioen¸n¡p¶ \mev Znhks¯ ]cnioe\ ]cn]mSn sk]väw_À 26,27,28,29 XobXnIfn sIm¨nbn \S¡pw. cmPym´c _nkn \kv kv{SmäPnÌpw ]cnio eI\pamb tUm. ]n. ]n. hnPb\mWv ]cn]mSn \ bn¡p¶Xv. _nkn\kv XpS§phm\pw XpS§nb kwcw`§Ä hfÀ¯m\p am{Kln¡p¶hÀ¡v ]cn]mSnbn ]s¦Sp¡mw. Smeâ v, ]mj³, B]vänäq-Uv F¶nh a\-Ên-em-¡msX GsX¦n-ep-samcp _nkn-\-kn\v Cd§n¯ncn¡p-¶-h-cmWv `qcn-]-£-hpw. X§fpsS hyàn-Xz-¯n\nW-§p¶ _nkn-\-kà an¡-hcpw sN¿p-¶-Xv. hnP-bn-¡m³ km[y-X-bpÅ Bbn-c-¡-W-¡n\v Ah-kc§fpw Bi-b-§-fp-ap-≠m-bncp-¶n«pw Ah-sbm¶pw ]Tn-¡msX ] ecpw Xm¡m-enI {`a-¯n\p ]n¶mse- t]m-Ip¶p. C§s\ ]cm-Pb km[y-X-tb-dnbXpw IqSp-X dnkv¡p ÅXpamb _nkn-\-kn\nd-§n-¯n-cn-¡p¶Xv _nkn-\kv tIm¨nw-Kv, saâ-dnwKv apX-emb ]cn-io-e\¯nsâ Ipd-hpsIm-≠m-Wv. _nkn-\kv sskt¡m-fPnbpw _Ô-§Ä Øm]n-¡m-\pÅ dnte-j³jn¸v kvInÂkpw ]cn-io-en¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n 90 iX-am\w kwcw-`§fpw hnP-bn-¸n-¡mw. _nkn\knse Gähpw ]pXn b Ahkc§Ä, _nkn\kv cwK s¯ dnkvIpIsfmgnhm¡Â, kw cw`w XpS§phm\pw \S¯n

s¡m≠pt]mIm\papÅ [\w Is≠¯Â, IS s¡Wnbn \n¶v Øm]\§sf c£n ¡p¶Xn\pÅ ]pXnb kv{SmäPnIÄ, hntZi hn] WnIfnse Ahkc§Ä IcØam¡Â, aqe[\ t{kmXÊv Is≠¯Â, _n kn\kv hnPbn¸n¡p¶Xn sâ clky§Ä, _nkn-\kn t]mk-äohv aqey-§Ä \n e-\nÀ¯n-sIm≠v DbÀ¶ hnPbw t\Sp-¶-Xn-\pÅ hgn-IÄ, Nnehv Npcp-¡m\pw ]mgvNn-ehv CÃm- Xm-¡m-\p-apÅ hgn-IÄ, k¼¯v kjvSn-¡p-¶-Xnsâ a\ximkv{Xhpw AXn-\q-X-\-X-{´-§-fpw, temI-¯nse Gähpw efn-Xhpw AXn-h-nZ-Kv[-hpamb aWn amt\-Pvsaâ v sat¯-Uvkv, [\-ap-≠m-¡p-¶-Xn-\p- k-lm-bn-¡p¶ at\m-L-S\ krjvSn-¡p-¶-sX-§s\ XpS§nb 32 hnjb§fmWv inÂ] imebn DÄs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶Xv. BtKmf _nkn-\kv cwK¯v hnPbn-¨n-«pÅ tIc-f-¯n-sebpw C´ybn-sebpw kwcw-`-§-sfbpw X{´-§sf-bpw Ipdn¨v Cu ]cn-io-e-\-¯n Bg-¯n NÀ¨-sN-¿p-¶p-≠v. H¸w Hmtcm-cp-¯-cp-sSbpw hyàn-Xz-¯n\v tNÀ¶ _nkn-\-kmtWm Ct¸mÄ sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶Xv F¶Xv hyànXzhni-I-e\w \S¯n Dd-¸p-hcp-¯pIbpw sN¿p-¶p. sse^vsse³ ^ut≠j\mWv kwLmSIÀ. ] cnioe\¯n\p ]pdta Hm¬sse³ Bbpw hoUntbm hgnbpw ]cnioe \¯nsâ {]kà `mK§Ä kwcw`I À¡v e`n¡pw. hniZhnhc§Ä¡v _Ôs¸SpI. t^m¬: 81293 77277, 81293 77477.

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skÃnwKv hyh-kmbw 34,000 tImSn cq]bnse h³hn-äp-hchv t\Sp-sa¶pw IW-¡p-IÄ km[m-cWKXn-bn Ah-cpsS kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. F¶m aWn `h-\-§-fntem tPmen-ØsNbn\pw Ub-dIvSv skÃnwKpw e-t¯m, Ønc-amb NnÃ-dX½n-ep-ff hyXymkw a\-Ên-em¡p-I-bmWv Cu taJ-e-bpsS {] hn¸\ CS-§-fn \n¶-I¶ Ohn tlaµv hÀ¯\w kpK-a-am-¡p-¶-Xn aäv Øe-§-fntem, km[m-c\nÀ®m-bIw. C-Xn-\v kÀ¡mÀ ap³ssIW-K-Xn-bn Hcp Ub-dIvSv skÃÀ s¿-Sp-¡-Ww. Nn-e X-«n-¸p I-¼-\n-IÄ D¸-¶-§-sf¡pdn¨v \S-¯p¶ hniU-bd-Îv skÃnw-Kn-sâ co-XnI-sf D-]Zo-I-c-W-¯n-eq-sStbm sUtam¬kvt{Stbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n Kp-W-\n-e-hm-c-anÃm-¯ j-Wn-eq-sStbm hn]-W\w \S-¯pDÂ-¸-¶-§Ä hn-äpw DÂ-¸-¶ hn-]-W-\¶XmWv Ub-dIvSv skÃnwKv F¶v ] d-bp-¶-Xv. F¶m Ub-dIvSv amÀ¡-änw-Kv ¯n \n¶pw e-`n-¡p-¶ em-`-¯n-sâ CXn \n¶pw hyXy-kvX-amWv. sN-dpIn- hn-ln-X-¯n\pw A-¸p-d-ap-Å A-{]m S hym-]m-c-im-e-I-fn \n¶pw kq-¸À-amÀ- -tbmKn-I t\-«-§Ä In-«p-sa-¶v {]-tem¡-äp-I-fn-te-¡pw ]n-¶o-Sv ssl-¸À-amÀ-¡- `n-¸n¨pw D-]-t`m-àm¡-sf h-©n-¡m³ {i-an-¡p¶p. K-h¬-saâ v BI-s« kmäp-I-fn-te¡pw h-fÀ-¶ \-½p-sS hm-§Â, t¦-Xn-I-X-I-fp-sS t]-cn b-YmÀ-° hnÂ-¡Â co-Xn C-t¸mÄ "Hm¬-sse³' I-¼-\n-I-sf-bpw X-«n-¸p-Im-scbpw H-tc co-XnI-sfbpw kzmw-io-I-cn-¨p I-gn-ªn\n-b-a-¯n-sâ Xp-em-kn A-f-¡m\pw cn-¡p¶p. F-¶m hnX-c-W am-Xr-I{i-an-¡p¶p. C-Xm-Wv C-´y-bn Cu I-fn G-ähpw t{i-jvTw F-¶p Rm³ taJe t\-cn«p-sIm≠n-cn-¡p-¶ G-ähpw hn-ti-jn-¸n¡p-I U-bd-Îv skÃnw-Kn-s\hen-b {]-Xn-kÔn. U-bd-Îv skÃnw-Kv Xs¶bmWv. Imc-Ww D-]-t`m-àm-¡Äta-Jebv-¡v H-cp C³-U-kv{Sn F-¶ -\n-e¡v A-h-cp-sS ho-Sp-I-fn sh-¨p-X-s¶ bn-ep-Å ]-cn-K-W-\- \-ÂIn {]-tXy-Iamt\-cn-«v t_m-[y-s¸-«v H-cp D¸-¶w b \n-b-a-\nÀ-½m-Ww \-S-¯p¶-Xn-\p-ff hm-§m-\p-Å A-hk-c-am-Wv C-Xn-eqsS \S-]-Sn-IÄ kÀ¡mÀ thK-¯n-em-¡e-`n-¡p-¶Xv. Ww. Ub-dIvSv skÃnwKv hyh-km-bkm¼-¯nI amµys¯ AXn-Po-hn¨p-ff apt¶-ä-amWv C´y-bn Ub-dIvSv s¯-¡p-dn¨v icn-bmb coXn-bn-ep-ff skÃnwKv hyh-kmbw ImgvN-sh-¡p-¶-Xv. Ah-t_m[w P\-§-fn hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp¡m-\p-ff {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä \S-¯n-s¡m2011-þ12  6385 tImSn cq]-bpsS hnäp-h≠n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv sFUn-F-kv-F. c-hmWv C´y-bn Ub-dIvSv skÃnwKv hyh-kmbw t\Sn-b-Xv. 2015- BIp-t¼m(sF-Un-F-kv-F ( C-´y U-b-d-Îv skÃnw-Kv tg¡pw CXv 10,844 tImSn cq]-bn-se-¯pA-tkm-kn-tbj³ ) bp-sS sk-{I«-dn P-\demWv O-hn tla-µv) sa-¶mWv {]Xo-£. 2020 Ub-dIvSv

83


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tPmWn F-{_lmw tPmÀÖv

bm{Xm-]-Y-sam-cp-¡n CâÀ-ssk-äv SqÀ-kv & {Sm-hÂkv bm-{X-IÄ C-ã-s¸-Sp-¶-hÀ-¡p h-gn-Im-«n-bm-Ip-¶p F-d-Wm-Ipf-s¯ CâÀ-sskäv SqÀ-kv B³-Uv {Sm-hÂkv. cm-Py-¯n-\-I¯pw hn-tZ-i-¯p-ap-Å Sq-dp-IÄ¡v B-IÀj-Iam-b ]m-t¡-Pp-I-fm-Wv C-âÀ-ssk-äv H-cp-¡n-bn-cn¡p-¶Xv. C³-Un-hn-Pz Bâ v {Kq-¸v {SmhÂ, e-£z-dn {SmhÂ, A-Uz-©À {SmhÂ, ssk-äv ko-bnw-Kv {SmhÂ, sl-dn-tä-Pv {SmhÂ, F-Pyq-t¡-j³ {SmhÂ, sa-Un-¡Â Sq-dn-kw XpS-§n H-«-\-h-[n {Sm-h ]m-t¡-Pp-IÄ C-âÀssk-än-\p-≠v. cm-Py-s¯ X-s¶ {]ap-J {Sm-h B³-Uv Sq-dn-kw am-t\-Pv-saâ v I-¼-\n-I-fn H-¶m-Wv C-âÀ-ssk-äv {Kq¸v Hm-^v I-¼-\okv. sIm-¨n-bm-Wv B-Øm\w. tI-c-f¯nepw a-äv kw-Øm-\-§-fn-ep-am-bn H-t«-sd im-JIÄ Cu Øm-]-\-¯n-\p≠v. K-h-¬-saâ v Hm-^v C-´y-bp-sS Sq-dn-kw a-{´m-e-b-¯n-sâ Aw-Ko-Im-cw e-`n-¨n-«p-Å CâÀssk-äv {Sm-h G-P³v-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj³ Hm-^v C-´y (TAAI), C-´y³ A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ Hm-^v SqÀ Hm-¸-td-äv-kv (IATO), {Sm-h G-Pâ v-kv s^-U-tdj³ Hm-^v C-´y (TAFI), A-tkm-Ên-tbj³ Hm-^v sUm-a-Ìn¡v SqÀ Hm-¸-td-tägkv Hm-^v C-´y (ADTOI), tIm¬-s^U-tdj³ Hm-^v C-´y³ C³-U-kv{So-kv (CII), C-t´mþ PÀ-a³ tN¼À Hm-^v sIm-ta-gvkv, tI-c-f {Sm-hÂ-amÀ-«v skm-sskävn Xp-S§n-b kw-L-S-\-I-fn Aw-Khp-amWv. Iq-Sp-X- tk-h-\-§-fn-eq-sS D-b-c-§Ä Io-g-S-¡p-¶ C-âÀ-ssk-äv Cu hÀ-jw X-s¶ an-Un Cu-Ìn Hm^o-kv B-cw-`n-¡p-sa-¶v Fw-Un tPmWn F-{_lmw tPmÀÖv A-dn-bn¨p. KÄ-^n \n¶pw tPm-en \-ã-s¸«v Xn-cn-s¨-¯p-¶h-sc s{Sbn-\nw-Kv \Â-In _n-kn\-Êv s\-äv-hÀ-¡v cq-]o-I-cn-¡p-sa¶pw Fw-Un ]-d-ªp. c-≠v Z-im-Ð-¯n-te-sd-bm-bn Sq-dn-kw cwK-s¯ k-Po-h-km-¶n-

²y-am-bn \nÂ-¡p-¶ C-âÀ-ssk-äv C-´y-bn-ep-S-\o-fw hn-]p-eam-b s\-ävhÀ-¡p-I-fp-Å Øm-]-\-amWv. cm-Pys¯ {]-apJ tlm-«-ep-I-fp-ambpw tlmw- kv-tä-I-fp-am-bn ssS A-¸p-I-tfm-sS-bm-Wv ChÀ {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶Xv. SqÀ am-t\-Pv-saâ v, F-bÀ Sn-¡-änwKv, Châ v am-t\-Pv-saâ v F-¶n-h-bm-Wv {][m-\ tk-h-\§Ä. C´y, t\-¸mÄ, Sn-_-äv, ssN-\, a-tejy, P-¸m³, Xm-bv-emâ v, knw-K-¸qÀ Xp-S§n-b G-jy³ cm-Py§Ä, Cu-Pn-]vXv, sI\n-b Xp-S§nb B-{^n-¡³ cm-Py-§Ä, XpÀ¡n, {^m³-kv, bpsI, kzn-äv-kzÀ-eâ v Xp-S§n-b bq-tdm-]y³ cm-Py-§Ä, B-kv-t{Sen-b³ cm-Py§Ä, Ata-cn-¡³ \m-SpIÄ Xp-S§n-b {]-tZ-i-§Ä¡mWv C-âÀssk-äv Iq-Sp-X {]m-[m\yw \Â-Ip-¶-Xv. Cu-Ìv C-´y-bn UmÀ-P-enwKv, Km§v-tSm¡v, sIm¡-¯, kn-en-Kp-cn Xp-S§n-b hn-t\m-Z-k©m-c tI-{µ-§fpw t\mÀ-¯v C-´y-bn B{K, A-arXvkÀ, UÂln, P-bv-¸qÀ, Xp-S§n-b N-cn-{X {]-tZ-i-§fpw ku¯v C-´y-bn Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pcw, B-e-¸p-g, tKm-IÀ-W, sIm-¨n Xp-S§n-b Ø-e-§-fp-am-Wv C-´y-bv¡p-ffn-se {][m-\ k-µÀ-iI Ø-e-§Ä. tI-{µ Sq-dn-kw a-{´m-e-b-¯n-sâ Aw-Ko-Im-c-¯n\v ]pd-ta kwØm-\ Sq-dn-kw h-Ip¸pw C-âÀ-ssk-än-\v Aw-Ko-Im-cw \Â-In-bn-«p-≠v. 1500e[n-Iw A-tÊ-mkntb-äv-kp-am-bn an-I-¨ _n Sp _n SqÀ Hm-¸-td-äv-kp-I-fn H-¶m-bn am-dn C-âÀ-ssk-äv. 2009þ 2010 hÀ-j-¯n tI-c-f kÀ-¡m-cnsâ an-I-¨ C³-t_m³-Uv SqÀ Hm-¸td-äÀ A-hmÀUpw 2011þ 2012  an-I-¨ SqÀ Hm-¸-td-äÀ A-hmÀUpw Ch-sc tX-Sn-sb-¯n. C-Xv Iq-Sm-sX F-bÀ C-´y-bp-sS H-^n-jy lm³-Uv-enwKv G-P³-kn-bm-Wv CâÀ-ssk-äv.

kz¿Æ-k-Ωm-\-߃sIm≠v Cu HmWw s]mt∂m-W-am°q ! \mj-W tdUntbm Ce-Ivt{Sm-WnIvknÂ

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]-²Xn, `-h-\-\nÀ-½m-W-¯n\pw A-ä-Ipä-¸-Wn-IÄ-¡p-am-bp-Å X-W ]-²-Xn, kv-Iq-fp-I-fn-se t\-¨À ¢-ºp-I-fp-am-bn B-hn-jv-I-cn-¨p \-S-¸-em-¡p-¶ C-e-IÄ ]-¨ ]q-¡Ä a-ª ]-²-Xn Xp-S-§n-b-hbm-Wv km-aqln-I tk-h-\ ]-²-Xn-I-fn DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶Xv.

Wn-bnÂ. {]-ap-J A-Sp-¡-f -D-]IcW \n À-½m-Xm-¡fm-b {iocmw In-¨¬ A-¹b³k-kv \nÀ-½n-¨ {iocmw _n-cn-bm-Wn ta-¡-dn-sâ hn]-W-t\m-Xv-LmS-\w kn-\nam-Xm-cw ta-\-I kp-tc-jv \nÀ-h-ln¨p. am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ-amcm-b F F-kv ssh-Zy-\mY³, F³- BÀ Ko-X U-b-d-ÎÀam-cm-b F hn tc-J, F³- hn tcWp-I F-¶n-hÀ k-¶n-ln-X-cm-bn-cp-¶p. {iocmw _n-cn-bm-Wn ta-¡-dn-sâ k-lm-b-t¯m-sS Np-cp§n-b k-a-b-w sIm-≠v cp-Nn-tbdnb _n-cn-bmWn, s\-bv-t¨mdv, ss{^-Uv ssdkv, ]p-emhv, sh¬-s]m¦Â, X-¡m-fnt¨mdv, tX-§m-¸m tNmdv, ]p-Xn-\-t¨m-dv F-¶n-h-bp-≠m-¡m\pw ]-¯v a-Wn¡qtdmfw NqSpw ]p-Xp-abpw \-ã-s¸-Sm-sX kq£n-¡m\pw I-gn-bp-sa-¶v I¼-\n A-h-Imi-s¸-Sp-¶p. A-Sp-¡-f- D-]IcW \nÀ-½m-W-cwK¯v A-c-\q-äm-≠n-sâ tk-h-\-]m-c-¼-cyap-Å Øm-]-\-amWv {iocmw In-¨¬ A-¹-b³-k-kv. \-ho-\-km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zy D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v hn-I-kn-¸n-s¨-Sp-¯ _n-cn-bmWn ta-¡-dn-sâ cq-]-IÂ-¸-\bpw \nÀ-½m-

am-Wv. tI-c-f-¯n-se ]m-N-I k-¦Â-¸§-sfbpw hn-`-h-io-e-§-sf-bpw am-än-adn-¡p-¶ DÂ-¸-¶-am-bn-cn¡pw {iocmw _n-cn-bm-Wn ta-¡-sd-¶v \nÀ-½m-Xm-¡Ä ]-d-bp¶p. Cu D¸-¶w hn-]-Wn-bn-se¯p-¶-tXm-sS a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS Xo³-tai-bn-se Øn-c-hn-`-h-am-bn _n-cn-bm-Wn am-dpw. Np-cp§n-b ka-bw sIm-≠v _n-cnbm-Wn F-¶ k-¦oÀ-®am-b hn-`h-s¯ bm-YmÀ-°y-am-¡p-¶ Cu D¸-¶w tI-c-f-k-aq-l-¯n-sâ ]m-N-I-io-e-¯n-\v am-äw h-cp-¯m³ X-bm-sd-Sp-¡p-I-bmWv. C-Ô-\D-]-t`m-Kw Ip-dbv-¡m-\pw Cu D]Ic-Ww k-lm-b-I-c-am-Wv. ]m-e-¡m-Sv B-cw-`n-¨ {iocmw In-¨¬ A-¹-b³-k-kv 1990  A-h-X-cn-¸n-¨ {iocmw ]p-«v ta-¡À C-¶v ho-«-½-am-cp-sS D-ä-kp-lr-¯m-bn am-dn-¡-gnªp. CÍ-en ta¡À, anÂ-¡v Ip¡À, Ìow Ip¡À, amPn-¡v Ìo-aÀ- XpS§n Im-k-tdmÄ h-sc-bpÅ A-¼-tXm-fw DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä \nÀ-½n-¨ {io-cmw 2002  ssN-\m-t¸m-«v sXÀ-½Â tdm-kv Ip-¡À hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d¡n.


]mc-¼-cy-w ]-IÀ¶ I-cp-¯p-ambn

I-eym¬ tI-{µ... H-cp \q-äm-≠n-sâ h-kv-{X hn]-W-\ ]m-c-¼-cyw. A{Xbpw Im-ew sIm-≠p P-\-e-£-§-fp-sS C-S-bn t\-Sn-

sb-Sp-¯ hn-izm-kw. Cu c-≠p Im-c-W-§Ä sIm-≠m-Wv a-e-_m-dn-se P-\-§-fp-sS Aw-Ko-Im-cw t\-Sn I-eym¬ tI-{µ C¶pw tIm-gn-t¡m-Sn-sâ lr-Z-b-`m-K-¯v X-e-sb-Spt¸m-sS \n¡p-¶-Xv. I-eym¬ tI-{µ-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨-bv¡v t\-XrXzw \ÂIp-¶-Xv am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ AÀj-Zv A-Ðp-Å-bm-Wv. Xp-Wn-¡¨hS Ip-Spw-_-¯n P-\n-¨p ho-W AÀ-jn-Zv ]T-\-¯n-t\m-sSm-¸w Xs¶ Xp-Wn-¡-¨-hShpw ap-t¶m-«psIm-≠pt]mbn. AÀ-jn-Zv A-Ðp-Å-bp-sS {Kmâ v ^m-ZÀ 1911  anTmbn-s¯-cp-hn Xp-S§n-b Sn sI a-l-aq-Zv & I-¼-\n F-¶ Xp-Wn-¡¨-h-S Øm]-\w tIm-gn-t¡m-s« B-ZyIm-e Xp-Wn-¡¨-h-S Øm-]-\ambn C¶pw \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶p≠v. A-¶v anTm-bns¯-cp-hn-sâ t]-cv Iym-¼v _-kmÀ tdm-Uv F-¶m-bn-cp¶p. C-´y-bn-se ]-c-¼-cm-K-Xam-b s\-bv-¯p-Im-cp-ambp-Å I¨-h-S _-Ôw I-eym¬ tI-{µ-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨-bn \nÀ-®m-b-I-ambn. s\-bv-sX-Sp-¡p-¶ ]-«p-km-cn-IÄ C-S-\ne¡mtcm km-cn¡¼-\n-Itfm CÃm-sX t\-cn-«v tjm-dqan F-¯n-¡p-¶-Xn-\m G-ähpw Ip-d-ª hn-e-bn ]-«p-km-cn-IÄ hnÂ-¡m³ I-eym¬ tI-{µ-bv¡p I-gnbp¶p. B-Zy-Ime-¯v hnhm-l ]À-s¨-bv-kp-IÄ-¡m-bn a-e-_mÀ ta-J-e-bv¡p-Ån \n¶pw B-fp-IÄ tIm-b-¼¯qÀ, sN-ss¶, _mw-¥qÀ F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn-te-¡v t]m-bncp¶p. F-¶m I-eym¬ tI-{µ {]-hÀ¯-\w B-cw-`n-¨tXmsS ]-«p-km-cn I-¨h-Sw tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv X-s¶ ]n-Sn-¨p \nÀ-¯m³ I-eym¬ tI-{µ-¡mbn. CXp tIm-gn-t¡m-s«

I¨-h-Shn-]-Wn-bn am-ä-ap-≠m¡n. I-eym¬ tI-{µ-sb ]n-´p-SÀ-¶m-Wv a-äv ]e tjm-dq-ap-Ifpw ]n-¶o-Sv tIm-gnt¡m-Sv A-h-cp-sS km-¶n[yw sX-fn-bn-¨Xv. tIm-gn-t¡ms« Xp-Wn-¡-¨h-Sw anTm-bn-s¯-cp-hn am{Xw tI-{µoI-cn-¨n-cp-¶ k-a-b-¯m-Wv Fw Fw A-en tdm-Un I-eym¬ tI-{µ B-cw-`n-¡p-¶Xv. anTm-bn-s¯-cp-hn\v ]pd-¯v Xp-Wn-¡-¨h-Sw hn-P-bn-¡nà F-¶ k-a-hm-Iy-amWv I-eym¬ tI-{µ am-än-sb-gp-Xp-¶Xv. Imc-Ww B-ZyIme-¯v anTm-bn-s¯-cp-hn\p ]pd-¯v Xp-Wn-¡¨-h-S Øm-]-\-§Ä hn-P-bn-¨n-cp-¶nÃ. h-kv-{X-§-fn-se ssh-hn-[y-amÀ-¶ sk-e-£\pw D-]t`mIv-Xr tk-h-\-hp-am-Wv I-eym¬ tI-{µ-sb hy-Xy-kv-Xam-¡p-¶Xv. C-´y-bnse Hmtcm `m-K-§-fnepw ]-«-W-§fnepw Ip-{Km-a-§-fnepw AÀ-jn-Zv A-Ðp-Å t\-cn-«v k-©-cn-¨m-Wv h-kv-{X-§Ä hnÂ-¸-\-¡m-bn sX-c-sª-Sp¡p-¶Xv. I-eym¬ tI-{µ-bv¡p-am-{X-am-bn h-kv-{X-§Ä Un-ssk³ sN-¿p-¶-h-cpap≠v. tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv B-Zy-am-bn F-Iv-kn-¢q-ko-hv km-cn tjmdqw F-¶ B-i-bhpw ]n¶o-Sv km-cn s^-Ìn-h-ep-IÄ \-S-¯n-b-Xpw, km-cnIÄ, kÂ-hm-dpIÄ, se-l-¦IÄ, sa³-kv F-Xv-\n-Iv shb-dpIÄ F¶n-h F-Iv-kv-¢q-ko-hm-bn H-cp tjm-dq-an X-s¶ hnÂ-¸-\ \-S-¯n-bXpw I-eym¬ tI-{µ-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Ieym¬ tI-{µ-bn-se-¯p-¶ Hmtcm D-]-t`m-àm-hn-s\bpw B-XnYya-cym-Z-tbm-sS kzo-I-cn-¡m\pw ku-I-cy-{]-Z-am-bn tjm-¸nw-Kv \-S-¯m\pw ku-Icy-sam-cp-¡p-¶-Xn\pÅ DuÀ-Ö-kz-ecm-b Ìm^pw I-eym¬ tI-{µ-bpsS ap-XÂ-¡q-«mWv. FÃm-¯n-\p-ap-]-cn-bm-bn ssZ-h-¯n-sâ A-\p-{K-lap-ÅXp-sIm-≠m-Wv I-eym¬ tI-{µ C¶-s¯

AÀ-jn-Zv A-Ðp-Å co-Xn-bn ap-t¶m-«v t]m-hp¶-Xv F-¶v AÀ-jn-Zv A-ÐpÅ km-£y-s¸-Sp-¯p¶p.


t^m¡kv tIcf

cmP-Io-b bm-{XtI c-f-¯n s_³-kv Im-dp-IÄ-¡v B-h-iy-¡m-tcdp-¶-p. B-Vy-Xzhpw kv-ssä-epw H-¯p-t¨-cp-¶ s_³-kv

F ¢m-kv, _n ¢m-kv kv-t]mÀ«vþ t\m¬ kv-t]mÀ-«v tamU-ep-IÄ-¡m-Wv {]o-b-ta-dp-¶-Xv. sa-gv-kn-U-kv s_³-kv F ¢mkv F 180 kv-t]mÀ-«v t\m¬ sa-äm-en-¡v tam-U-en\v 25,03,039 cq-]-bm-Wv F-Iv-kv tjmdqw hn-e. sa-äm-en-¡v B-sW-¦n 25,53,036 B-bn hn-e hÀ-²n-¡pw. F-¶m F 180 kn-Un-sF kv-ssä t\m¬ sa-äm-en-¡v tam-U-en\v F-Iv-kv tjmdqw hne 24,31,614 BWv. C-tX tam-U sa-äm-en-¡v B-sW-¦n A-Xn-sâ hne 24,81,611 cq-]-bmbn hÀ-²n-¡pw. sa-gv-kn-U-kv s_³-kp-I-fn X-s¶ kv-t]mÀ-«v tamU-ep-Ifpw t\m¬ kv-t]mÀ-«v tam-U-ep-Ifpw X-½n aÂk-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. cm-PIo-b {]u-Vn-bpw Ip-eo-\Xbp-amWv t\m¬ kv-t]mÀ-«v Im-dp-I-fp-sS {]-tXy-I-X-sb-¦n B-Vy-Xzhpw ssÌ-ep-am-Wv kv-t]mÀ-«v Im-dp-IÄ hm-Kv-Zm\w sN-¿p¶Xv. F-¶m t\m¬ kv-t]mÀ-«v Im-dpI-sf A-t]-£n-¨v kv-t]mÀ-«v Im-dp-IÄ-¡v Xm-c-X-tay-\ hn-e Iq-Sp-X-emWv. td-Un-tb-äÀ {KnÃn-t\m-Sv tNÀ-¶p-f-f Szn³ tem-th-gv-kv _n 180 kv-t]mÀ-«v s_³-kp-I-fp-sS am{Xw {]-tXy-I-X-bmWv. t{Imw ssletäm-Sv IqSn-b U-ba-≠v ]m-tä-Wn-ep-Å C-tâ-¡v {KnÃpw {^-≠v _-¼dpw kv-t]mÀ -«v Im-dp-I-fp-sS am-äp Iq-«p-¶p. kv-sä-bn³-se-Êv kv-äoÂ

A-Class

Fuel consumption (combined): 7.1-3.6 l/100 km; CO2 emissions (combined): 165-92 g/km*

I¬-t{Sm-fpÅ hn³-tUmkpw H-_v-kv-{S-£³ sk³-kdp-saÃmw C-cp tam-U-ep-I-fp-sSbpw s]m-Xp kz-`m-h-§fmWv. F-¶m sa½-dn ]mt¡-tPm-Sv IqSn-b C-e-{În¡en A-Uv-P-kv-ä-_nÄ ko-äv kv-t]mÀ-«v- tam-U-en am-{X-ta e-`y-amIp. hm-l-\ kp-c-£-bv¡v th-≠n-bp-Å C-e-Ivt{Sm-WnIv C-þsam_n-ssekÀ, tem-¡n-§v sh-cn-^n-t¡-j³ kná e-`n-¡p-¶ C³-{^m-sd-Uv dn-tam-«v I¬-t{SmÄ, F-aÀ-P³kn Hm-¸-Wn-Mv ku-I-cy-apÅ Hm-t«m-am-än-¡v tem-¡nw-Kv tUm-dpIÄ, sk³-{S tem-¡n-§v kn-kv-äw F¶n-h c-≠v tam-U-ep-I-fnepw H-cp t]m-se-bmWv. hn-t\mtZm-]m-[n-Ifm-b Uyp-h Syq-W-tdm-Sv IqSnb HmUn-tbm 20 kn-Un tdUn-tbm, Fw-]n{Xo /kn-Un ¹bÀ, kn-Un I-hÀ Un-kvt¹-tbmSvIqSnb bp-F-kv-_n CâÀ-s^-bvkv, »q-Sq-¯v C-sâÀ-s^-bvkv, sk³-{S C³-t^m-sS-bv³-saâ v I-¬t{Sm-fÀ, 14.7 sk.an I-fÀ Unkv-s¹ kv-{Io³ Xp-S-§n-b-h kv-t]mÀ-«v, t\m¬kv-t]mÀ-«v tam-U-ep-I-fn s]m-Xp-hm-bp-Å-XmWv. _n 180 kv-t]mÀ-«v t\m¬ sa-äm-en-¡v tam-U-en-\v F-Iv-kv tjmdqw hn-e 26,32,467 cq-]-bm-Wv. t\m¬ kv-t]mÀ-«v tam-U-en-sâ hne 22,76,923 cq-]-bpw. _n 180 kv-t]mÀ-Sv-kv sa-äm-en-¡v tam-Uep-IÄ 26,82,933 cq-]bv¡pw e-`y-am-Wv

sIm-≠v Hm-h B-Ir-Xn-bn \nÀ-½n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶ sS-bn ss]-¸p-Ifpw AXn-t\m-Sv tNÀ-¶n-cn-¡p-¶ Uyph F-Ivkv-tlm-kväpw sa-gv-kn-U-kv s_³-kv kv-t]mÀ-«v Im-dpI-fp-sS {]-tXy-I-X-bmWv. C-Xp Iq-Sm-sX dn-bÀ _¼À, t{Imw ep-¡p-Å tem-Uv kn KmÀ-Uv, FÂC-Un tU ssSw d-®n-§v em-¼p-I-fpw, ss_ sk-t\m³ sl-Uvem¼pw sl-Uv em-¼v ¢o-\n-§v kn-Ìhp-sams¡ sa-gv-knU-kv s_³-kv F ¢mkv F 180 kv-t]mÀ-«v t\m ¬ sa-äm-en-¡v tam-U-en-sâ k-hn-ti-j-X-I-fmWv. ^n³Uv td-Un-tb-äÀ sa-gv-kn-U-kv s_³-kv F ¢mkv F 180 kv-t]mÀ-«v B³-Uv t\m¬ kv-t]mÀ-«v tam-U-ep-I-fn s]m-Xp-hm-bn D-Å-XmWv. kv-t]mÀ-«v Im-dp-IÄ¡v 17 C-©v 7 Szn³ kv-t]m-¡v sse-äv A-tem-bv hoÂ-kv D-Å-t¸mÄ t\m¬ kv-t]mÀ-«v Im-dp-IÄ¡v 16 C-©v 10 kv-t]m-¡v sse-äv A-tem-bv hoÂ-kv B-Wp-ÅXv. lm-e-P³ em-¼p-I-fm-Wv t\m¬ kv-t]mÀ-«v Im-dpI-fn D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶Xv. FÂC-Un tXÀ-Uv t{_-¡v sse-äv C-cphm-l-\-§-fnepw s]m-Xp-hm-bn D-]-tbm-Kn¡p¶p. loä-Uv F-Iv-kv-äo-cn-bÀ an-d-dp-Ifpw loä-Uv hnâ v-kv-{Io³ hm-jÀ kn-kv-ähpw C-cp tam-U-ep-I-fn-ep-ap≠v. C-cptam-U-ep-I-fnepw D-]-tbm-Kn-¨n-cn-¡p¶-Xv kv-]oUv sk³-kn-äo-hv Ìn-b-dn-§p-I-fmWv. Ft¡m kv-ämÀ«v/ kv-täm-¸v ^-Mvj³, A-Uv-P-Ì-_nÄ Ìn-b-dnMv, U-Ìv ^nÂ-«-tdm-Sv IqSn-b F-bÀ I-≠nj-\n-Mv kn-kväw. S-¨v

(hn-]-Wn-aq-eyw 2013 P-\p-h-cnbn-se I-W-¡p{]-Imcw)

www.nowaste.in

*conditions apply

CORT F-¶ A-Xn-\q-X-\ km-t¦-Xn--I-hn-Zy D]-tbm-Kn-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶ nowaste  incineration A-\p-h-Z\obam-b FÃm J-c-am-en-\y-§fpw \n-an-j-§Ä¡p-Ån Nm-c-am-bnam-dp-¶p. tNw-_-dn-\-I-¯v DbÀ-¶ Du-jv-am-hp-Åt¸mgpw ]p-dw`m-Kw Nq-Sm-hp-¶p-anà No fuel | No maintenance No technicians | No complication TM

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tlm-fn-hp-Uv kn-\nam Un-hn-Un-IÄ a-e-bm-f-¯nepw tkm-

Wn-bp-sS D-S-a-Ø-X-bnepÅ tkm-Wn Un-F-Un-kn am-\p-^mIv-N-dnw-Kv C-´y-bp-sS Un-hn-j\m-b tlmw FâÀ-sS-bv³-saâ v kÀ-hokkv ss_ tkm-Wn Un-F-Unkn', tlm-fn-hp-Uv kn-\n-a-I-fp-sS Hm-t«m t¹ t^mÀ-am-än-ep-Å Un-hn-Un-IÄ hn-]-Wn-bn-en-d-¡n. a-e-bm-f-apÄ-s¸sS-bp-Å hnhn-[ C-´y³ `m-j-I-fnem-Wv ]p-d-¯n-d-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. t\cs¯ ln-µn-bnepw X-an-gnepw sX-ep-¦nepw P-\-{]n-b-am-b-Xns\-¯pSÀ-¶m-Wv aäv `m-j-I-fnepw Un-hn-UnIÄ F-¯n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. {]m-tZin-I XmÂ-¸-cy-§Ä I-W-¡n-se-Sp¯v hcpw am-k-§-fn Iq-Sp-X tlm-fnhpUv kn-\n-a-I-fpsS Hm-t«m- t¹ Unhn-Un-IÄ hn-]-Wn-bn-se-¯n-¡pw. km-[m-c-W-bm-bn kn-\n-a-IÄ U-_v sN-¿p-¶-Xn-t\-¡mÄ Iq-Sp-X {]m-tZ-in-I- kzm-Zp-≠m-¡m³ e-£yan-«p-Å amä-§-tfm-sS-bm-Wv `m-jm´cw \nÀ-h-ln-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. Hmt«m t¹ t^mÀ-am-än-ep-Å Un-hn-Un-IÄ C-Xm-Zy-am-bm-Wv C-´y-bn hn-]-Wn-bn-se-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-sX-¶ k-hn-ti-j-Xbpw Cu kn-\n-aIÄ-¡p≠v. t\-cn-«v t¹ B-cw-`n-¡p-¶, an-I-¨ Zr-iyþ{im-hy hy-à-X-bp-Å hn-¹-h-I-cam-b ap-t¶-äambm-Wv tkm-Wn-bpsS Hmt«m t¹ Un-hn-Un-IÄ hn-ti-jn-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. kv-s]-jy C-^-Iv-äp-I-fm k-¼-¶amb tlm-fn-hp-Uv t»m-¡v-_-kväÀ kn-\n-a-IÄ-¡v {]m-tZ-in-IXe-¯n D-bÀ-¶ Un-am³-Um-Wp-Å-sX-¶v tlmw FâÀ-sS-bv³-saâ v kÀ-hok-kv ss_ tkm-Wn Un-F-Un-kn _n-kn\-kv sl-Uv cP-Xv Im-¡À ]-dªp.


BOOK REVIEW kckz-Xn ]mÀ¡v A-RvP-en tPm-k-^v hn-hÀ¯-\w jo-_ C. sI H-cp th-\Â-¡me-¯p XpS-§n A-Sp-¯ th-\¡me-¯v A-h-km-\n-¡p-¶ I-Y. \-K-c-]m-cp-jy-§-fp-sS Xn-c-¡p-I-fn apwss_ a-lm-\-K-c-¯n-sâ ]-Ým-¯-e¯n Po-hn-¡p-¶ I-Ym-]m-{X§Ä. a-\p-jy-Po-hn-X-¯nsâ \nÀ-h-Nn-¡m-\m-Im-¯ am-\kn-I hym-]m-c-§-fn-eq-sS I-S-¶p t]m-Ip-¶ I-Ym-]m-{X§Ä. A-RvP-en tPm-k-^nsâ k-c-kz-Xn ]mÀ-¡v F-¶ Ir-Xn C¯-cw hy-Xykv-X Po-hn-Xm-Jy-m\-§-fp-sS A-£-cm-\p-`-h-§-fm-bn am-dp¶p. kv-t\-l-\-ã-§-fp-sS `m-c-ta-äp-¶ B-in-jv F-¶ ]-s¯m³-]-Xp-Im-c-s\bpw Ah-sâ A-½m-h³ tam-l-s\ bpw {][m-\ I-Ym-]m-{X-§-fm-¡n-bm-Wv I-Y ap-t¶-dp¶Xv. kv-t\-lhpw I-cp-X-ep-sam-s¡ B-{K-ln-¡p-¶ B-in-jv F-¶ I-Ym-]m-{Xw s]m-Xp-k-aq-lw A-km-[m-cWw F-¶p hn-ti-jn-¸n-¡p-¶ km-l-N-cy-§-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv I-S-¶p t]m-Ip-¶Xv. B-ßm-hn-se-gp-X-s¸-« ]p-kvX-Iw F-¶ hn-tij-Ww t\-Sn-sb-Sp-¯ k-c-kz-Xn ]mÀ-¡v H-cp hy-Xykv-X hm-b-\m-\p-`-h-amWv. {]-k-m[-\w: Un-kn _p-Ivkv t]-Pv: 191 hn-e: ` 125

]-cn-Øn-Xn-sb a-\-Ên-em¡mw In-c¬ _n. tNm¡À aav-X ]mÞy ao-\m c-Lp-\m-Y³ hn-hÀ¯-\w Zo-t]-jv sI c-ho-{µ-\m-Yv ]-cn-Øn-Xn kw-c-£-W-¯n-sâ {]m-[m-\y-s¯-¡p-dn¨-dn-tb-≠ Im-e-L-«-¯n-eq-sS-bm-Wp \mw IS-¶p t]m-Ip¶-Xv. F-¶m Im-cy-£-aam-b kw-c-£-W-s¯-¡p-dn¨pw ]-cn-Øn-Xn-bp-sS C-t¸mg-s¯ A-h-Ø-sb-¡p-dn¨pw \mw G-sd-¡p-sd A-Ú-cmWv. B km-l-N-cy-¯n-emWv ]-cn-Øn-Xnsb a-\-Ên-em¡mw F-¶ ]p-kv-X-I-¯n-\p {]-k-àn-tb-dp-¶Xv. `q-an-bp-sS kzm-`mhn-I {]-hÀ-¯-\s¯-¸-änbpw C-t¸mg-s¯ A-h-Ø-sb-¡p-dn¨pw Cu ]pkvX-Iw a-\-kn-em-¡n-¯-cp¶p. ]-cn-Øn-Xn kw-_-Ôamb FÃm hn-j-b-§-sf-bpw \n-co-£-W-hn-t[-b-am-¡n c-Nn¨n-«p-Å ]-Xn-aq-¶p ]T-\-§-fp-sS k-am-lm-c-amWv ]-cn-Ø-nXn-sb a-\-Ên-em-¡mw. ]m-cn-ØnXnI t_m-[w h-fÀ-¯m\pw ]-cn-Ø-n-Xn-sb-¡p-dn-¨p k-a-{K-am-b A-dn-hp t\-Sm-\pw Cu ]p-kvX-Iw k-lm-bn-¡p-¶p {]-km[-\w: Un-kn _p-Ivkv t]-Pv: 375 hn-e: ` 210

tIm«-bw {Uow sk-tä-gv-kv _p-¡v dnhyq t^m-d-¯n-sâ D-Zv-LmS-\w ZÀ-i-\ kmw-kvImcn-I tI{µw U-b-d-ÎÀ ^m-ZÀ tXma-kv ]p-Xp-ti-cn kn-Fw-sF \nÀ-h-ln-¡p¶p. F-{_lmw Ip-cy³, an-\n tXm-akv, U-b-d-ÎÀ F ]n tXm-akv, A-\p tPm¬, [-\y tZ-h-cm-Pv F-¶n-hÀ k-ao]w.

88


t^m¡kv tIcf

KpW-ta-·-bp-Å _nÂUnw-Kv sa-äo-cn-b-ep-IÄ

\m-em-a-sXm-cp tjm-dqw B-e¸p-g-bn Xp-S-§m³ t]m-Ip-Ibm-sW-¶v Xm-Pv amÀ-_nÄ-kv tlmÄ-sk-bn hn-e-bv-¡v am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ Xm-Pv e-`y-am-¡p-¶ Xm-Pv amÀ-_nc-Lp-\m-Yv ]-d-bp¶p. Xm-Pv PmÄkv hn-P-b-I-c-am-b C-cp-] IzÀ lu-kv F-¶ Cu tjmXmw hÀ-j-¯n-te-¡v. 1993 dq-an-sâ {]-tXy-I-X Pm-IzÀ amÀ-_nÄ am{Xw hnÂ-¡p-¶ I-¼-\n-¡v am-{X-am-bn-«pÅ H-cp Øm-]-\-am-bn- am-th-en-¡-c-bnF-Iv-kv-¢q-ko-hv tjm-dq-am-sWse {]m-bn-¡-c tI-{µo-I-cn-¨v ¶-XmWv. knw-KnÄ t{]m {]-hÀ-¯-\-am-cw-`n¨ Xm-Pv -U-În \n-¶v {Km-ss\-äv, Xm-Pv c-Lp-\m-Yv amÀ-_nÄ-kn \n-¶v FÃm kn-dm-an-Iv ssSÂkv, sh-{Sn_nÄ-Unw-Kv sa-äo-cn-b-ep-Ifpw ss^Uv ssSÂkv, km-\nätlmÄsk-bn hn-e-bn e-`y-amWv. {] dn sh-tb-gvkv, ¹¼nwKv sa-äo-cn-bÂkv, ap-J I-¼-\n-Ifm-b rak, kajaria,somany, In-¨³ B-Iv-k-k-do-kv XpS-§n FÃm nitco, johnson,cera, grohe jaquar,lorenz, _-nÂ-Unw-Kv sa-äo-cn-b-ep-Ifpw e-`y-amhindware Xp-S-§n-b-h-bp-sS Aw-KoIrX ¡p-¶ H-cp Øm-]-\-am-bn h-f-À¶-XnUo-eÀ Iq-Snbm-b Xm-Pv amÀ-_nÄ-kn \p ]n-¶n sN-«n-¡p-f-§c A-½-bp-sS FÃm sa-äo-cn-b-Â-kn\pw A-©p i-X-amA-\p-{K-lhpw A-tXm-sSm-¸w X-sâ \w ap-X ap¸-Xp i-X-am-\w h-sc Un-kv- _n-kn\-kv Po-hn-X-¯n k-lm-bn¨ Iu-≠v e-`n-¡p¶ Hm-Ww Un-kv-Iu-≠v tIm¬{Sm-tÎ-gvkv, F-©n-\o-bÀ-amÀ, ta-f B-cw-`n-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. BÀ-¡n-sS-IvSpIÄ, ¹¼À-amÀ Xp-S-§n{]m-bn¡-c, am-th-en-¡-c ]mÀ-¡v b-h-cp-sSbpw D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sSbpw Pw-Kvj³, ]p¶-{] F¶n-hn-S-§-fn-em-bn kw-`m-h-\ a-d-¡m³ ]-äm-¯-Xm-sW-¶pw aq-¶v tjm-dq-ap-I-fp-Å Xm-Pv amÀ-_nÄkv Xm-Pv c-Lp-\m-Yv hy-à-am-¡p¶p.


p-amÀ

A-Pn-Xv-I

ss¢amIvkv

n b m a p f I X h À q ] A v k u l w m H-cp ^ ]-£nar-Km-Zn-I-tfm-Sp-Å C-ãw h-fÀ-¶v H-cp kw-cw-`-am-Ip-I. hn-t\m-Z-¯n-\m-bn Xp-S§n-b s]-äv lukv, H-cp ^mw lu-km¡p-I, Xp-SÀ-¶v A-sXm-cp ar-Kim-e F-¶ \n-e-bn-te-¡v h-f-cp-I. C-¯-c-¯n ]p-Xp -a-I-tf-sd-bpÅ kw-cw-`w \-bn-¨v kw-cw`I-temI-¯v hy-Xy-kv-X-\m-Ip-¶-bm-fm-Wv sImÃw A-©Â kz-tZ-in A-Pn-Xv-Ip-amÀ e£van \mcm-b-W³

H-cp ^mw lukv F-¶p ]-d-bp-t¼mį-s¶ a-\-kn hn-cn-bp-¶ Nn-e C-ta-Pp-

I-fp-≠v. tIm-gnbpw Xm-dmhpw BSpw a-äp h-fÀ-¯p-ar-K-§-fp-sam-s¡ h-f-cp-¶-bnSw. F-¶m sImÃw A-©Â kz-tZ-in A-PnXv-Ip-am-dn-sâ ^mw lu-kn-te-¡v IS-¶p sNÃp-t¼mÄ C¯-cw Øn-cw Im-gv-N-I-Ä {]-Xo-£n-¡-cpXv. A-©-en-se {io-Irjv-W ^mw lu-kn kzmK-Xw sN-¿p¶-Xv H-«-Ihpw sN-½-cn-bm-Sp-I-fp-sam-s¡-bm-bn-cn-¡pw. cm-P-Øm-\n \n-¶pw C-d-¡pa-Xn sNbv-X Cu H-«-I-§-fm-Wv {io-Irjv-W ^mw lu-knsâ {][m-\ B-IÀ-jWw. H-«-I-ap-≠v F-¶v I-cp-Xn {io-Irjv-W ^mw lu-kv H-cp H-«-I^mw AÃ. sN-dpXpw h-ep-Xp-am-bn 50¸-cw ]-£nþar-Km-Zn-I-sf A-Wn\n-c-¯n-bmWv Cu ^m-an-sâ {]-hÀ-¯\w. F-«p am-k-§Ä-¡p ap-¼m-Wv A-Pn-Xv Ip-am-sd-¶ bp-hkw-cw-`Isâ a-\-kn ^mw lu-kv F-¶ Bi-bw

90

th-cpd-bv¡p-¶-Xv. kz-´-am-bn ss{U-hnw-Kv ¢mkpw t_m-Un _nÂ-Un-§p-sam-s¡-bm-bn- \-S-¡pI-bm-bn-cp-¶p A-Pn-Xv Ip-amÀ. a-äv ^mw lu-kpI-sf t]m-se X-s¶ tImgn, Xm-dmhv, B-Sv F-¶n-h-sb am{Xw D-t±-in-¨v B-cw`n-¨ ^mw Xp-S-¡-¯n X-s¶ hy-Xy-kv-X-X tX-Sn-¯p-S-§n. A-]qÀ-Æ-§-fn A-]qÀ-Ƨfm-b ]-£nar-Km-Zn-I-sf- tNÀ-¯nW-¡n H-cp ^m-sa-¶ B-i-b-¯n-te¡-Xv F-¯n-t¨cp-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. A-©-en-\-Sp-¯v sIm-f-¨n-d-bn A-Pn¯nsâ ho-«nÂ\n¶pw AÂ-¸w A-I-sebm-bp-Å 20 G-¡À Øe-¯v {io-Irjv-W ^mw- lu-kv. BZyw B-Sp-IÄ-¡v {]m[m\yw \Â-In B-cw-`n-¨ ^m-an D-S³X-s¶ B-Sp-I-fn-se hnhn-[ C-\§-sf F-¯n¨p. cm-P-Øm³ jo¸v, B-kv-t{S-en-b³ ]nÜn, I-t\-Un-b³ tKm«v, _oäÂ, P-¡mÀ-¯, P-ap-\-]ym-cn Xp-S-§n-b B-«n-\-

§-fn ]-eXpw A-]qÀ-Æ-§-fmWv. tI-c-f-¯n-\-I¯pw ]p-d-¯pw \n¶pam-bn hnhn-[ Ø-e-§-fn \n-¶v C-d-¡pa-Xn sN-bv-X-h-bm-Wv C-Xn ]-e-Xpw. hm-§m-\p-t±-in-¡p¶-hÀ-¡v 3000þ25000 h-sc ap-X ap-S-¡n C-hn-sS \n¶pw B-SpI-sf hm-§mw. B-Sp-IÄ-¡v ]p-dta, Ir-jv-W-¸ipþIm-f, sh-¨qÀ-¸ip, ImkÀ-tKm-Uv UmÀ^v, I-]n-e, ssl-td-©v UmÀ-^v Xp-S§n- Im-gv-N-bnepw kz-`m-h-¯nepw hy-Xy-kv-X-cm-b 20000þ50000 \pw C-Sbn hn-e-a-Xn-¡p-¶ ]-ip C-\-§-fpw C-hn-sS e-`y-amWv. tIm-gn-I-fn-emIs« tKmÄ-U³ t]m-fnjv, knÂ-hÀ sk-t{_m-bnäv, Pm-¸-\o-kv ^m-âw, Ako t]mÀ-t¡mgn, Kn-\n-t¡m-gn, t]m-fn-jv- Imäv, I-cn-t¦mgn, knÂ-¡n sshäv, SÀ-¡n-t¡m-gn XpS-§n Im-gvN-bn hy-Xy-kv-X-cm-b-hÀ C-hn-sS A-\-h-[n. 1000 ap-X 8000 cq-]h-sc hn-e-a-Xn-¡p¶ tIm-gn-IÄ C-hn-Sps¯ {]-tXy-I-X-bmWv. C{X-sbms¡-bm-b-t¸mÄ X-s¶ ^m-an-te-s¡¯p¶h-cp-sS F-®w IqSn. Xp-SÀ-¶v ^m-an-se A-t´-hm-kn-I-fp-sS F-®hpw hÀ-Khpw A-Pn-Xv hÀ-²n-¸n¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. {]m-hv hÀ-K-¯n U-_nÄ s{I-sÌUv, Inw-Kv CâÀ-\m-jWÂ, knÂ-hÀ s]-kâ v, dnw-Kv s\¡-Uv s]-kâ v, B-kv-t{S-en-b³ sdUv, U-ba-≠v Uhv, knd-kv Xp-S-§n-bh-bp≠v. 4000þ10000 h-sc-bm-Wv {] m-hn-\-§-fp-sS hn-e. B-cnepw Iu-XpIw P-\n-¸n-¡p-¶ ]q-¨ C-\-§-fn 10000þ25000 h-sc hn-e-bp-Å ]q-¨-IÄ DÄ-s¸-Sp¶p. ssk-_o-cnb³ Imäv, B-kv-t{S-en-b³ ]-©v Imäv, t]À-jy³ Imäv, k-bm-ao-kv Imäv, {_n-«o-jv ]-©v Im-äv XpS-§n B-scbpw B-IÀ-jn--¡p-¶ ]q-¨ C-\-§-Ä-¡v B-h-iy-¡mÀ G-sd-bmsW-¶v A-Pn-Xv Ip-amÀ ]-d-bp¶p. ]q-¨-IÄ I-gn-ªm A-Sp-¯ BIÀj-Ww h-fÀ-¯p-\m-b-I-fmWv. Ip-ª³ \m-b an\n-tb-¨À ]n ©À, C-´y³ P-\pkm-b cm-P]m-fbw, Um-jv l≠v, ]Kv, em{_tUmÀ, ssk-_o-cn-b³ l-kv-In Xp-S-§n 10000þ25000 \p C-S-bn hne-h-cp-¶ \m-b C-\-§-Ä A\-h[n. \m-bv¡-sf hnÂ-¡m\pw hm-§m-\pam-bn A-Pn-¯n-s\ tX-Sn-sb-¯p-¶-hsc \n-cm-i-cm-¡m-dnÃ. ap-b-ep-I-fn A-t¦m-d, ssh-äv P-bn-Iâ v, {tK P-bnâ v, B-kv-t{S-en-b³ Nn_n-e

Xp-S-§n 600þ1000 cq-]h-sc hn-e-bpÅ B-dn¸-cw ap-b-ep-IÄ C-hnsS-bp≠v. B-h-iy-¡mÀ F-{X hn-e ]-d-ªmepw h-fÀ-¯m-\m-bn am-{X-ta A-Pn-Xv Xsâ Hm-a-\ ar-K§-sf sImSp-¡m-dpÅq. C-\n A-Xy-]qÀ-h ar-K-§-fp-sS hn-`m-K-am-Wv A-Xn Kn-\n-¸¶n, ssN-\o-kv lmw-ÌÀ, B-kv-t{S-en-b³ lmw-ÌÀ, \yq-kneâ v lmw-ÌÀ, kn-dnb³ lmw-ÌÀ, sh-sÅ-en Xp-S§n-b Ip-ª³ ar-K-§-fpw, sd-Uv-t{^mKv, B-kv-t{S-en-b³ sbtÃm t{^mKv, ^-bÀ s_Ãn \yq«v, km-e-am-≠À Xp-S§n-b D-`-b Po-hn-Ifpw DÄs¸-Sp¶p. Ip-ªn-¡p-cp-hn C-\-§fnÂ-s¸-« h-fÀ-¯p-]-£n-Ifm-b ^n³-s©kv, Pm-h t_ÀUv, k¬ tIm-\qÀ, ep-tântbm, ^n-jÀ, sF shdn, »q-se-Uv Xp-S§n-b ]-£n-IÄ 1500þ30000 h-sc-bp-Å hn-e-I-fn e`y-amWv. Iq-sS F-aphpw Øm-\w ]n-Sn-¨n-«p≠v. C-Xn-\p ]p-d-sa-bmWv ap-Jy B-IÀ-j-I-§fm-b Ip-Xn-c-I-fpw, H-«-I-§-fpw. cm-P-Øm³ I-¯n-b-hmcn C-\-¯nÂ-s¸-« Ip-Xn-c-I-fnepw cm-P-Øm³ kz-tZ-in-Ifm-b H-«-I§-fnepw A-Pn-Xv k-hm-cn-¡p-Å ]-cn-io-e-\hpw \Â-In-h-cp¶p. ^mw Im-Wm³ F-¯p-¶ B-fp-I-fp-sS F-®w hÀ-²n-¨p h-¶-t¸m-gm-Wv {]-ZÀ-i-\-¯n-\v H-cp \nÝn-X Xp-I Cu-Sm-¡m³ B-cw-`n-¨Xv. k-µÀ-iIÀ-¡v ar-K-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨v Iq-Sp-X hn-h-c-§Ä \Â-Im³ k-Öcm-b ^mw ]-cn-]m-e-IÀ C-hn-sS-bp≠v. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ hnhn-[ `m-K-§-fn \n-¶pw, hn-ZymÀ-°n-I-Ä DÄ-s¸-sSbp-ÅhÀ ^mw k-µÀ-in-¡m-s\-¯p¶p-s≠-¶v ^mw \-S-¯n-¸p-Im-c\m-b A-a ]-d-bp¶p. ap-XnÀ-¶-hÀ-¡v 100 cq-]-bm-Wv ^m-an-te-¡p-Å {]-th-i-\ ^okv. C-Xn-eq-sS ^m-an-\v an-I-¨ hcp-am-\w t\-Sm-\m-Ip-¶p-s≠-¶v ^mw am-t\-PÀ ]-dbp¶p. F-´m-bm-epw, hy-Xy-kv-Xam-b B-i-b-t¯m-sS B-cw-`n-¨ Cu kwcw-`w ]-£n-ar-Km-Zn-I-fp-sS hnÂ-¸-\bn-eq-sS em-`-¯n-em-bn-¯oÀ-¶-Xn A-Pn-¯n-\v G-sd k-t´m-j-ap≠v. hnÂ-¸-\-bm-Wv D-t±-i-sa-¦n-epw, anI-¨ `-£-Whpw Nn-InÂk-bpw, Xma-k-ku-I-cy-§-fpw, ]-cn-]m-e-\hpw Hmtcm ar-K-§Ä¡pw e-`y-am-¡p-¶ A-PnXv, X-sâbpw {io-Irjv-W ^mw lu-kn-sâbpw kI-e sF-iz-cy§Ä¡pw \nZm\w Cu an-≠m-{]m-WnIÄ X-¶-bm-sW-¶v hn-iz-kn-¡p¶p.


chi o K laza 2013 P e wn st Nov o r C otel ber & 1 H : e to Venu 31st Oc : Date


Emerging kerala sep 2013  

Emerging kerala sep 2013