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May 2013 www.emergingkerala.in RNI No 115185 KERMAL/2012/42628

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kt´m-j-hm-\m-bn-cn¡pw F¶v {]Xn-Ú-sb-Sp-¡pI

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EDITORIAL

kwcw-`-I-cpsS hnP-b-c-l-ky-§Ä Volume 2 Issue 5 | May 2013 Editor Ravi Deecee Head-Operations M Kumar Associate Editor Dipin Damodharan Sr Reporters Lakshmi Narayanan Prashob K P T P Prasanth Coordinating Editor (Response) Sumithra Sathyan Reporters Sumitha K Sujeesh K S (TVM) Soorya Vijayakumar Design & Layout Anil P John Kailasnath Web Manager S Sreenath Circulation Athul P M Sone Varghese Vishnu P M

ADVT SALES Sr Managers Kainakari Shibu Rajasree Varma Anu P M Biju P Alex K S Syam Kumar M K Haridas Rohil Kumar (Bengaluru) Vinod Joseph (Delhi) Managers Febin K Francis Siju Thomas MARKETING Sr Manager Sabu Varghese Mathew Assistant Managers Priya P A Mobin E Mathew Abhilash G Krishnan Liju P John Sunilkumar P S

Business Office - India DC MEDIA , DC Books Pvt Ltd, No 387, Ist Cross 4th Block, 80 Feet Road Koramangala, Bengaluru – 560034, India Business Office -UAE DC Books Current Books LLC, Near Karama Metro Station Trade Centre Road, Dubai Editorial Office DC MEDIA , DC Books Pvt Ltd, 234/C, Adjacent to YMCA, Chittoor Road, Cochin – 35, Kerala, India Contact Ph: +91 484 3047 405, Fax: +91 484 4021 145 Mail: editorial@dcmedia.in, info@dcmedia.in

www.emergingkerala.in Published from DC Books Pvt Ltd, D C Kizhakemuri Edam, Good Shepherd Street, Kottayam – 686001, Kerala, India and printed at S.T.Reddiar & Sons (EKM) for DC Press Pvt. Ltd., Industrial development Area, Poovanthuruth, Kottayam – 686012, Kerala, India. Printed, published & owned by Ravi Deecee

DC Media Publication

4

hnP-bn-¨ hyàn-I-fpsS IY tIÄ¡m³ FÃm-hÀ¡pw CjvS-am-Wv. AXv h³ km{am-Py-§Ä sI«n-¸-Sp¯ _nkn-\kv hyàn-Xz-§-fp-tS-Xm-sW-¦n¸ns¶ ]d-bp-Ibpw th≠. FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bpsS Cu e¡¯nsâ khn-ti-j-Xbpw CXp-X-s¶. tIc-f-¯nse hnP-bn¨ 15 {]apJ kwcw-`-I-cpsS hnP-b-c-l-ky-§fnte-¡p-ff Hcp bm{X-bmWv Cu ]Xn-¸nsâ {][m\ Df-f-S-¡w. sF_nFkv sSIvt\m-fPn skmeq-j³kv Øm]-I³ hn sI amXyq-kv, Pntbm-PnXv _n³]n ]mcn-_-bn-eqsS tIc-f-¯n\v Hmlcn \nt£-]-¯nsâ km[y-X-IÄ ]IÀ¶ kn sP tPmÀÖv, tPmbv Bep-¡m-kv, knss´äv C³U-kv{Sokv Ub-d-IvSÀ tPmÀÖv t]mÄ, ioam-«n-bpsS _o\m I®³ XpS§n ae-bm-fnbpsS _nkn-\kv kwkvIm-c-¯n\v ]pXnb am\w \ÂInb 16 kwcw`-IÀ X§-fpsS hnP-b-¯nsâ tNcp-h-IÄ ]¦p-sh-¡p-¶p. kwcw-`-I-tem-I¯v ]n¨ sh¡p¶hÀ¡pw \msf-bpsS kwcw`-IÀ¡psaÃmw {]tNm-Z-\amIp¶XmWv Ch-cpsS A\p-`-h-§Ä. kwcw-`-I-Xz-¯n \nÀ®m-b-I-amb Nne tNmZy-§Ä¡p-ff D¯-c-§-fmWv FaÀPnMv tIcf Ch-tcmSv tNmZn-¨-Xv. kwcw-`-I-s\¶ \ne-bn \n§Ä kzbw A]vtUäv sN¿p-¶Xv F§s\? Poh-\-¡msc F§s\ tam«n-thäv sN¿p¶p? Poh-\-¡m-cpsS \qX\ Bi-b-§-tfm-Sp-ff kao]\w F´v? ]pXnb Xocp-am-\-§Ä I¼-\n-bn F§s\ \S¸m¡p¶p? XpS-§nb \nc-h[n tNmZy-§Ä¡v AhÀ \ÂInb D¯-c-§Ä ]ecpsSbpw _nkn-\kv {]Xn-k-Ôn-IÄ¡p-ff ] cn-lm-c-§Ä IqSn-bm-Wv. Poh-\-¡msc tam«n-thäv sN¿n-¡p-¶-Xpw I¼-\n-bn ]pXnb amä-§Ä sIm≠p-h-cp-¶-Xp-saÃmw ]e kwcw-`-IÀ¡pw Hgnbm¯ Xe-th-Z-\-bm-Wv. ""Hcp \à a\p-jy\v am{Xta \à Poh-\-¡m-c-\m-Im³ km[n-¡q-sh-¶mWv Fsâ hnizm-kw. Poh-\-¡m-À¡v AhÀ AÀln-¡p¶ _lp-am-\hpw Rm³ \ÂIm-dp-≠v,''Poh-\-¡msc tam«nthäv sN¿n-¡p-¶-Xns\ Ipdn¨v hn sI amXyq-kv ]d-bp-¶p. ]g-b-Im-es¯ kÀ¡mÀ Øm]-\§sf A\p-kva-cn-¸n-¡p¶ hn[w Bcmepw t\m¡m-\n-Ãm¯, Ip¯-gnª Ah-Ø-bn \n¶pw ioam-«n-sb¶ kwcw-`s¯ ITn-\m-[zm-\-¯n-eqsS sSIvssÌ taJ-e-bn ap³\n-c-bn-se-¯n¨ _o\m I®³ Xsâ _nkn-\kv hnP-bs¯ Ipdn¨v ]d-bp-¶-Xn-§s\,""H-cp Im-¡ IÃn-«v IÃn-«v sh-Åw \n-d-bv¡p¶ t]mse, A-sÃ-¦n H-cp ]£n, H-cp \p-Åv \m-cv Iq-«n sh-¨v Iq-Sp-≠m-¡p¶Xp-t]m-se XoÀ¯pw kz-m`m-hn-I-ambpw kw-`-hn-¨-Xm-Wv F-sâ _n-kn\-Êv hn-Pbw. H-cp-]m -Sv Ime-s¯ ITn-\m-[zm-\hpw {]-b-Xv-\hpw C-Xn-\v ]n-¶n-ep≠v. Rm³ _nkn-\kv Gsä-Sp-¯t¸m-gp-≠mb "X-Wp-¸³ A-hØ'bmWv F-s¶ C-Xn-sâ hf-sc sNdn-b C-S-§-fn t]mepw {i-²n-¡m³ t{]-cn-¸n-¨Xv. A-Xn \n¶pw Rm³ a-\-kn-em-¡n-bXv, Po-hn-X-¯n kw-`-hn-¡m-\ncn-¡p-¶ ]-cm-P-b§sf HmÀ-¯v ka-bw \-ã-am-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-Isb-¶mWv. C-¶p-Å k-a-b§-sf \m-sf-bp-sS hn-P-b-§-fm-¡pI.'' ""Po-h-\-¡mÀ-¡p th-≠ A-Sn-Øm-\-ku-I-cy-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶-tXmsSm-¸w tPm-en sN-¿m-\p-Å A-´-co-£w kr-ãn-¡p-¶p. Po-h-\-¡mÀ- F-¡m-e¯pw \-t½msSm¸w \nÂ-¡-W-sa-¦n G-ähpw an-I-¨ km-l-N-cy-§Ä A-hÀ-¡v \Â-I-Ww. G-ähpw an-I-¨ kuI-cy-§Ä A-hÀ-¡v H-cp¡n-sIm-Sp-¯n-«v an-I-¨ {]-hÀ¯-\w Im-gv-¨-sh-¡m³ B-h-iy-s¸-«m A-h-cXv XoÀ-¨-bmbpw sN-bv-Xn-cn-¡pw. AÀ-l-X-s¸-«-Xv In-«p-¶nà F¶ tXm-¶Â h-cp-t¼m-gm-Wv sIm-gnªp-t]m-¡v D-≠m-Ip-¶-Xv,''Poh-\-¡m-tcm-Sp-ff kao-]-\-s¯-¡p-dn¨v FkvknFwFkv Øm]-I³ Pn]nkn \mbÀ ]d-bp-¶p. ""H-ä-bmÄ ]-«m-f-¯n Rm³ hn-iz-kn-¡p-¶nÃ. tPmen-Ifpw D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-§fpw ]-e-X-«p-I-fm-bn hn-`-Pn-¨p \Â-In-bn-cn-¡p¶p. Hmtcm hn-`m-K-¯nsâ-bpw X-e-¸-¯v tbm-Ky-cm-b Po-h-\-¡m-sc \n-b-an-¡pw. A-h-cn-eq-sS kp-K-a-am-bn I-¼-\n-bpsS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä \-S-¡pw,'' ko\n-bÀ Xe-§-fn-ep-f-f-hsc amt\Pv sN¿p-¶-Xns\ Ipdn¨v slUvPv CIzn-äokv Øm]-I³ AeIvkv _m_phnsâ hm¡p-IÄ. F¶m CtX-hn-j-b-¯n k¬ssdkv tlmkv]n-äÂkv amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ ]Àho¬ l^okv ]d-bp-¶-Xn-§s\, ""CutKm ¢m-jv CÃm-sX D-bÀ-¶ Øm-\-¯p-Åh-sc \n-b-{´n¡p-I F¶-Xv Xn-I¨pw {i-a-Ic-amWv. F-¶m Øm-]-\-¯n s]m-Xp-sh k-am-[m-\m-´-co-£-am-Wp-Å-sX-¦n A-Xv H-cp {]-iv-\-am-bn tXm-¶nÃ. Øm\w-sIm-≠v ta-e[n-Im-cn-bp-sS Xm-sg-bm-sW-¦n-epw Hmtcm hy-àn-bpsSbpw A-\p-`-h-k-¼-¯n-s\ \mw Aw-Ko-I-cn-t¨ Xocq.'' kwcw-`-I-cpsS hyXykvX A\p-`-h§Ä DÄs¡m-f-fn¨ IhÀ tÌmdn t]Pv 23 hmbn-¡p-I. Hcp hÀjw hnP-b-I-cambn ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡nb FaÀPnMv tIcf amkn-Ibv¡v XpSÀ¶pw \n§fpsS ]qÀ®]n´p-W-bp-≠m-Ip-sa¶v {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶p.


C

NTENTS

kwcw-`-I-Xz-sa¶ dnkvIv sKbvan-te-¡n-d§n hnPbw ssIh-cn-¡p-¶-h-cpsS _nkn-\kv ioe-§-fdnªv {]tNm-Zn-X-cm-Im³ Im¯ncn-¡p¶ \nc-h[n t]À \ap¡n-S-bn-ep-≠v. tIc-f-¯nse 16 {]apJ kwcw-`-IÀ X§fpsS kwcw-`I cl-ky-§Ä FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bpsS Cu {]tXyI ]Xn-¸n ]¦p-sh-¡p-¶p

62 07 09 18

kwcw-`-I-cpsS

56

CJma icWw K±ma! tUm. taml³ hÀKokv

11

kwcw-`-IÀ¡v ]p¯³ {]Xo-£-tbIn tNc-am³ ^≠­v

hyh-kmb tIcf¯n\v ASn-¯d ]mIn-b-hÀ

44 65 14

hnP-b-c-l-ky-§Ä...

\nXm-Jm-Xnsâ ]mT-§Ä sI Pb-Ip-amÀ, sFF-Fkv

A tribute to the late bus iness leaders of Kerala

48 19

21

COVER STORY

hyh-kmb tIcfw sI«n-¸-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn \nÀ®m-b-I-amb ]¦p-h-ln¨ a¬a-dª Nne hyh-km-bn-IfpsS kw`m--h\IÄ kvacn-¡p-I-bmWv FaÀPnMv tIc-f.

58 54 38

S P E C I A L S T O R Y

kt´m-j-hm-\m-bn-cn¡pw F¶v {]Xn-Ú-sb-Sp-¡pI

kzÀ®w DbÀ¶ enIzn-Un-än-bpÅ \nt£]w Part

KXy-´-c-an-Ãm-sXmcp sF]n-H...

5

story

of a serial entrepreneur

amfp-I-fpsS tIcfw

dnbÂ-F-tÌäv: hb-\mSv \nt£-]-tbm-Kytam?

BÀ N-{µ-auen, No^v Hm^v Hm¸td-j³kv, -alo-{µ td-h -C-e-Iv-{Sn¡v

40

\n§-fpsS {_m³Uns\ F§s\ CâÀs\-än kwc£n¡mw

42

2013 km[yX, kvs]j-enÌv tImgvkp-IÄ¡pw {]hÀ¯-\-an-I-hn\pw

hnP-b-¯n\v kzÀ®-¯n-f¡w...

52

temI-¯n\v C\n {]Xo£þ C´y-³ sSIvt\m-fPn skmeq-j³kv

THE HERBAL

The

{]Xo£bpsS B I G S T O R Y

ssh-ävlu-knepw s_-¡nw-Kvlmw sIm-«m-c¯nepw B-Uw-_-c-¯n-sâ A-h-km-\-hm¡m-bn X-e-bp-bÀ-¯n-\nÂ-¡m³ I-®qÀ ssI-¯-dn-¡v I-gn-ªn-«p-s≠¶v -Ncn{Xw km-£y-s¸-Sp-¯p¶p. F-¶m C-sXm-s¡ H-cp ]-g-¦-Y-bm-bn am-dp-¶ X-c-¯n-te-bv-¡v ssI-¯-dn-ta-J-e {]-Xnk-Ôn t\-cn«p-sIm≠n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. A-h ]-cn-l-cn-¡m-\p-Å km-[y-X-I-fn-eq-sS F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-...

5


{]tNm-Z-\-ambn KpcpPn {io

{io chn-i-¦-dnsâ amt\-Pvsaâ v a{´-§Ä DÄs¸-Sp-¯nb G{]n e¡w FaÀPnMv tIcf thdn« A\p-`-h-am-bn. _nkn-\kv temI-¯n\pw am\-h-cm-in¡m-sIbpw D]-tbm-K-{]-ZamWv Kpcp-Pn-bpsS BZÀi§Ä. Poh-\-¡msc Dt¯-Pn-¸n-¡p-¶Xp apX {] Xn-k-Ôn-Isf F§s\ t\cn-S-W-sa-¶-Xp-h-sc-bp-ff hnj-b-§-fn KpcpPn apt¶m-«p-sh-¡p¶ XXz-§Ä XoÀ¯pw Imen-I-{]-k-àhpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-hp-am-Wv. aÕ-cm-[n-jvTn-X-amb Cu temI¯v aqey-§-fn A[njvTn-X-ambn _nkn-\kv sI«n-¸-Sp-¡-W-sa-¦n KpcpPnsb t]mep-ff t\Xm-¡-fpsS BZÀi-§Ä _n kn-\-Ên ]IÀ¯ntb aXn-bm-Iq. Kpcp-Pn-bpsS amt\Pvsaâ v a{´-§Ä ae-bm-fn-IÄ¡v ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯nb FaÀPnMv tIc-fbv¡v A`n-\-µ-\-§Ä. cmwPn-¯v, IeqÀ

BÀ«v Hm^v enhnw-Kv tImgvkv sN¿p¶ hyàn-bmWv Rm³. Kpcp-Pn-bpsS kv{Skv amt\-Pvsaâ v X{´-§Ä F{X-am{Xw ^e-{]-Z-am-sW¶v t\cn«v A\p-`-hn-¨-dnªn-«p-≠v. KpcpPn _nkn-\kv temI-¯n-\mbn ]¦psh¨ Ignª e¡w FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bpsS IhÀ tÌmdn anI¨p \n¶p. A`n-\-µ-\-§Ä Acp¬ tPmÀÖv, sIm¨n G{]n e¡w FaÀPnMv tIcf amkn-I-bn {io {io chn-i-¦-dns\ Ipdn¨v tUm taml³ hÀKokv Fgp-Xnb teJ\w hmbn-¡m-\n-S-bm-bn. Kpcp-Pn-bpsS kw`m-h-\I-sfbpw kzm[o-\-s¯bpw C{Xbpw thdn« coXn-bn Ah-X-cn-¸n¨ asämcp teJ\w Rm³ CXp-hsc hmbn¨n-«n-Ã. Kpcp-Pnsb FXnÀ¡p-¶-hsc t]mepw Ccp¯n hmbn-¸n-¡p¶ Xc-¯n BIÀj-Wo-b-am-bn-cp¶p B teJ-\w. tXmakv Sn, XriqÀ {io {io chn-i-¦-dnsâ amt\-Pvsaâ v a{´§-fp-ambn F¯nb FaÀPnMv tIcf G{]n e¡w kq¸À Ft¶ ]d-tb-≠q. ae-bm-f-¯nse _nkn-\kv {]kn-²o-I-c-W-cwK¯v thdn« A[ym-b-am-hp-I-bmWv FaÀPnMv tIc-f. cmlp \mbÀ, sImÃw

apX-e-aS Kw`ocw ]me-¡ms« apX-e-a-S-bnse am§-Isf Ipdn¨v Ignª e¡w FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bn h¶ {]tXyI dnt¸mÀ«v Kw`oc-ambn Ft¶ ]d-bm³ km[n¡q. _nkn-\-Êse hym]IX-e-§Ä NÀ¨ sN¿p¶ Hcp {]kn-²o-I-c-W-sa¶ \ne-bn-te¡v FaÀPnMv tIcf hf-cp-I-bm-Wv. sambvXp, at©cn

Ub-dIvSv skÃnwKv \nbaw thWw s\ävhÀ¡v amÀ¡-änwKv kXy-sa´v F¶ Xe-s¡«n FaÀPnMv tIcf amkn-I-bpsS amÀ¨v e¡-¯n h¶ IhÀ tÌmdn- hmbn-¨p. Ub-dIvSv skÃnwKv hyhkm-b-s¯-Ip-dn-¨p-ff \njv]-£-amb teJ-\-am-bn-cp¶p AXv. GXv _nkn-\kv sNbvXmepw tae-\-§msX Imip≠m¡mw F¶ \ne-]m-Sp-ff Nne ae-bm-fn-I-fmWv aWn sNbn³ amXr-I-bn-te¡v Cu _nkn-\-Êns\ hgn-Xn-cn¨Xpw Cu cwK-¯n\v t]cp-tZmjw tIĸn-¨-Xpw. tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ ap³ssI-s¿-Sp¯v Hcp sdKp-te-ädn AtXm-dnän cq]o-I-cn-¨m Cu cwKs¯ {]iv\-§Ä Gsd-¡psd ] cn-l-cn-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. Ub-dIvSv skÃnwKv cwK-¯nsâ km[y-X-Ifpw \ne-hnse _e-lo-\-X-Ifpw hyà-am-¡p-¶Xm-bn-cp¶p FaÀPnMv tIcf amÀ¨v e¡w IhÀtÌm-dn. 5 e£-t¯mfw Poh-\-¡mÀ {]Xy-£-ambpw ]tcm-£-ambpw _Ô-s¸-«p-In-S-¡p¶ Cu hyh-km-b-¯n \ne-\n¡p¶ {]iv\-§Ä ]cn-l-cn-¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ ap¶n-«n-d-§Ww. PntPm hÀKokv, Xncp-h-\´]p-cw.

\n§Ä¡pw A`n-{]m-b-a-dn-bn¡mw

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6


FaÀPnMv tI-cf

kz-tZ-io-b-hÂ-¡-c-W-sa-¶ Bi-bw a-äv KÄ-^v cm-Py-§Ä¡pw B-IÀ-j-I-ambn tXm-¶n-bm-tem? A-kw-L-Sn-Xcm-b P-\-§-fp-sS am-ä-¯n-\v th-≠n-bp-Å ap-dhn-fn-IÄ-¡p t\-sc ]p-dw Xn-cn-ªp \nÂ-¡m³ K-h¬-saâp-IÄ-¡v km-[n-¡pI-bn-sÃ-¶v t_m[yw h-¶ E-Xp-t`-Z-§Ä-¡v ti-jw C¯-cw ]-cn-jv-Im-c-§Ä G-sä-Sp-¡m³ `-c-W-IqS-§Ä \nÀ-_-ÔnX-cm-bm Ah-sc ]-gn¡m-tam? kz-´w P-\-X-bp-sS DÂ-¡À-jw C-Ñn-¡p-I-sb¶-Xv A-]-cm-[-am-bn I-cp-Xm³ ]-äptam?

A

-\-[n-Ir-X-am-bn I-gn-bp-¶ hn-tZ-inIsf ku-Zn A-td-_y ap³-Iq-«n A-dn-bn-¨ Znh-kw ap-X Xn-cn-¨b-¡m³ Xp-S-§n-¡-gnªp. \-b-X-{´-¯n-sâ `m-K-am-bn Ipd-¨p amk-§-fp-sS C-Sth-f In«n-bn-«p-s≠-¦nepw kztZ-io--hÂ-¡-c-W-¯n sI Pb-Ip-amÀ \n-¶v ]n-t¶m-¡w t]m-Im³ km[y-X Ip-d-hm-sW-¶p th-Ww A-\p-am-\n-¡m³. \n-Xm-Jm-Xv \nÝn-X Znh-kw ap-X {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡n-b-t¸mÄ HmÀ-¡m-¸pd-¯v A-Sn-In«n-b `m-h-amWv. XoÀ-¨-bmbpw \n-Xm-Jm-Xn-\v B-Lm-X-ap≠v. A-Xv tI-c-f-¯n-te-¡p-Å ]-W-¯n-sâ h-c-hn-s\ _m-[n¡pw. A-t\-Iw Ip-Spw-_-§-fp-sS Po-hnX-s¯ D-e-¨p-If-bpw hy-àn-I-fp-sS Pohn-X h-fÀ-¨m km-[y-X-I-sfbpw {]-Xo-£-I-sfbpw X-In-Sw a-dn-¡pw. a-S-§n h-cp-¶-hÀ tIc-f-¯n-sâ sXm-gn cwK-¯v ]pXn-b A-k´p-en-Xm-hØIÄ D-f-hm-¡pw. A§-s\ km-¼-¯n-Ihpw km-aq-lnIhpw ssh-Im-cn-I-hpam-b {]-Xym-Lm-X-§-fp-≠v ku-Zn K-h¬-saâ v B-cw-`n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶ \n-Xm-Jm-Xn\v. kz-tZ-io-b-hÂ-¡-c-W-sa-¶ Bi-bw a-äv KÄ-^v cm-Py-§Ä¡pw B-IÀ-j-I-am-bn tXm-¶n-bm-tem? Akw-L-Sn-Xcm-b P-\-§-fp-sS am-ä-¯n-\v th-≠n-bp-Å ap-d-hn-fn-IÄ-¡p t\-sc ]p-dw Xn-cn-ªp \nÂ-¡m³ K-h¬-saâp-IÄ-¡v km-[n-¡p-I-bn-sÃ-¶v t_m[yw h-¶ E-Xp-t`-Z-§Ä-¡v ti-jw C¯-cw ]-cn-jv-Im-c-§Ä Gsä-Sp-¡m³ `-c-W-IqS-§Ä \nÀ-_ÔnX-cm-bm Ah-sc ]-gn¡m-tam? kz-´w P-\-X-bp-sS DÂ-¡À-jw C-Ñn-¡p-Isb¶-Xv A-]-cm-[-am-bn I-cp-Xm³ ]-äptam? ]-gn-t¡-≠-Xv \-½p-sS hn-Nm-c-io-e-§-sfbpw bp-ànc-ln-Xam-b Nn-e hn-izm-k-§-sfbpw am-{Xw. ku-Zn kÀ¡mÀ H-cp ap-¶-dn-bn¸pw CÃm-sX hn-tZ-inI-sf ]p -d-¯m¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶nÃ. Xnb-Xn hf-sc t\c-s¯ hn-fw_-cw sN-bv-Xn-cp¶p. ap-¶-dn-bn-¸p-IÄ \Â-In-bn-cp¶p. A-t¸m-sgÃmw \-½Ä hn-Nm-cn¨p "H-¶pw kw-`-hn¡p-I-bnÃ. A-h-km-\ \n-an-jw Xo-cp-am-\w amän-h-bv-¡pw. FÃmw ]-g-bXp-t]m-se Xp-S-cpw.' \n-b-a-§-tfmSpw kÀ-¡mÀ \b-§-tfmSpw Xo-cp-am\§-tfm-Sp-ap-Å \-½p-sS D-Zm-ko-\am-b a-t\m-`m-h-¯n-sâ ap{Z Cu hn-Nm-c-¯n ]-Xn-ªp In-S-¸p≠v. XoÀ-¨bmbpw H-cp P-\m-[n-]-Xy-`-c-W-Iq-S-¯n \-½p-sS hn-Nm-cK-Xn-IÄ Ipsd-sbm-s¡ {]-Xn-^-en-¸n¡m-t\m, s]mXp XmÂ-¸-cy-s¯ ap³-\nÀ-¯n Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä t`-ZK-Xn sN-¿-s¸Smt\m H-cp ]-cn-[nh-sc km-[n-t¨-¡pw. F-¶m H-cp hntZ-i K-h¬-saâ v, A-h-cp-sS cm-{ão-bhpw km¼-¯n-I-hpam-b K-Wn-X-¯n-sâ A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n ssI-s¡m-≠ H-cp Xo-cp-am\w, "\-S-¸m-¡p-I-bnÃm-bn-cn¡pw F-¶v I-cp-Xnb-Xv au-Vy-sa-t¶ ]-d-bmhq. In«n-b ka-bw {In-bm-ß-Iam-b _-Z kw-hn-[m-\-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v B-tem-Nn-¡m-am-bn-cp-¶n-tÃ? (]-eÀ¡pw _-Z-ep-IÄ B-tem-Nn-¡m³ \n-hr-¯n-bn-sÃ-¶ kwK-Xn a-d-¡p-¶nÃ. `o-aam-b Xp-I ap-S-¡n-bm-Wv Hcp "A-\-[nIr-X {]-hm-kn-' bm-b-sX-¶ h-kv-Xp-Xbpw Im-Wm-Xn-cp-¶p-Iq-Sm.) C-\n-sb-¦nepw \-ap¡v Cu D-d-¡w-\-Sn-¡Â A-h-km\n-¸n-¡Ww. Nn-e Np-h-sc-gp-¯p-IÄ ImWp-I X-s¶ thWw. KÄ-^n-te-¡v t]m-b FÃm-hcpw k-¼-¶-cm-bnÃ. FÃm-hcpw ]-cm-P-b-s¸-«p-anÃ. F-¶m B-Zy-L-«¯ -- n F{X-tbm-t]À A-{]-Xo-£n-X-amw-hn-[w k-¼-¯p-≠m-¡p-

I-bpw Po-hn-X-¯n-se Zn-i X-s¶ am-äp-I-bpap-≠mbn. aäp NneÀ, "Im-cy-§Ä sa-¨-s¸-Sm-Xn-cn-¡nÃ' F-¶ hn-izmk-¯n ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Ip¶p. C-Xn-\n-sS tI-c-f-¯n-se th-X-\ \n-c-¡p-IÄ hÀ-²n¨p. Nn-e ta-J-eI-fn KÄ-^v cm-Py-§-fn In-«p-¶-{Xbpw i¼-fw C-hn-sS In-«p-sa-¶ Øn-Xn-bmbn. sXm-gn-em-fnI-sf In-«m-¯ km-l-N-cy¯n thX-\w kzm-`m-hn-I-ambpw hÀ-²n¨p. C-t¸mÄ _w-Km-fn-sebpw H-Un-i-bn-sebpw sN-dp-¸-¡m-cp-sS "KÄ^v' tI-c-f-am-bn am-dn-bn-cn-¡p¶p. KÄ^n \n-¶v IqSp-X-emfp-IÄ a-S-§n-sb-¯n-bm tI-c-f¯n-e th-X-\ \n-c-¡p-IÄ Ip¯-s\ Xmgp-tam? A-t¸mÄ _w-Km-fnþH-dn-bm sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ a-sä-hn-sSsb-¦nepw Ip-Sn-tbdp-tam! \nXm-Jm-Xv H-cp kq-N-\-bm-Wv. KÄ-^v kz-]v-\w Ft¸mgpw C-tX-hn-[w \n-e-\nÂ-¡psa-¶pw C-t¸mg-s¯ `o-j-Wn-bp-sS ImÀ-ta-Lw am-dnt¸m-Ip-sa-¶psams¡ \n-\-bv-¡p¶-Xv AÂ-¸_p-²nbpw A-]-cm-[-hp-am-bn-cn-¡pw. \-½p-sS X-s¶ k-tlm-Z-c-§Ä a-S-§n-h-cp-¶p-sh¶v tI-«v Iq-«-hn-em-]w \-S-t¯-≠ Imcy-ta-Xp-anÃ. A-hÀ hc-s« F-¶v ss[-cy-]qÀ-Æw ]-d-bm\p-Å BÀ-Ö-h-am-Wv H-cp k-aq-l-sa-¶ \n-e-bv¡v \mw ]p-eÀ-t¯-≠Xv. KÄ-^n-se H-cp `m-c-X-]uc-\v \mw I¸n-¨p sImSp-t¡-≠ A-´-Êm-WXv. Ah-sc kzmK-Xw sN-¿p-I-bpw A-h-cp-sS I-gn-hp-Ifpw DuÀ-Phpw \-½Ä D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bp-am-Wv th-≠Xv. ]-t£ \-½Ä- km-aq-ln-I-ambpw `-c-W-]-c-ambpw ssh-Im-cn-I-am-bpw cm-{ãob-ambpw A-Xn-\v k-ÖcmtWm? a-S-§n-h-cp-¶ {]-hm-knI-sf ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯m-\p-Å DuÀ-Ö-kz-e-am-b kw-hn-[m\-§Ä thWw. F-´p {]-hr-¯n-sb-Sp-¯m Xm³ tim-`n¡pw F-¶v CXn-t\mS-Iw a-S-§p-¶ {]-hm-kn-IÄ a-\-Ên-em-¡n-bn-cn-¡pw. A¯cw ta-J-e-I-fn A-hÀ-¡v ssI-¯m-§v sIm-Sp-¡m³ \-ap-¡v km-[n-¡Ww. kÀ¡m-cp-IÄ-¡v XoÀ-¨-bmbpw D-¯-c-hm-Zn-¯-ap≠v. H-¸w C-hnSps¯ kz-Im-cy ta-J-ebv¡pw Cu sXm-gn hn]-

Wn k-aÀ-°-am-bn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯m³ km-[n-¡Ww. _m-¦p-IÄ C-hÀ-¡m-bn {]m-tbmKn-I k-ao-]-\-t¯msS `m-h-\m-]qÀ-®am-b ]-²-Xn-IÄ B-hn-jv-I-cn-¡Ww. A§-s\ a-S-§n-h-¶ KÄ-^v a-e-bm-fn-sb-s¡m≠v Cu k-aq-l-¯n-\v hy-àam-b Kp-W-§fpw DÂ-¡-À-jbpw D-≠m-IWw. hcm-\n-cn-¡p-¶ \m-fp-I-fn IqSp-X-emfpIÄ Iq-SpX Ø-e-§-fn \n-¶v a-S-§p-sa-¶ km-[yX-sb tIcfo-b k-aq-l-¯n-sâ km-¼¯n-I ]p-\-cp-²m-\-¯n-sâ H-cp kp-hÀ-®m-h-k-c-am-¡n am-ä-Ww. F{Xtbm tem-I-cmPy-§-fp-sS k-¼-Zv-hy-h-Ø-IÄ Hm-tcm a-lm-hn-]-¯nepw {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bn-epw \n-¶m-Wv ]pXn-b DÄ-¡-cp-¯v k-amÀÖn-¨Xv. c-≠mw tem-I-bp-²-¯n-\v ti-j-ap-Å bq-tdm-]y ³ cm-Py-§-fp-sSbpw P-¸m-sâbpw D-bÀ-¨-X-s¶-bm-Wv Gähpw \à D-Zm-l-c-W§Ä. B-]-¯p-Im-ew A-h-k-c-§fp-sSbpw Im-e-am-¡m³ km-[n-¡p-t¼m-tg \mw ip-`m -]v-Xn-hn-izm-khpw BÀ-Ö-h-hp-ap-Å P-\-X-bm-bn cq-]m´-c-s¸-Sp-I-bpÅp. hn-tZ-i-kÀ-¡m-cp-I-fp-sS \-bw am-äm³ {i-an-¡p-¶-Xn-t\-¡mÄ F{Xtbm {]m-tbm-Kn-I-am-Wv \-½p-sS a-t\m-`m-h-§fpw ]-Xn-hv co-Xn-Ifpw am-äm³. tIc-fob-sâ I-c-hn-cp-Xm-Wv KÄ-^v cm-Py-§-fp-sS AgIpw {]u-Vn-bpw. B I-c-§Ä \-ap-¡v Xn-cn-sI-¡n-«p-IbmWv. \-½p-sS Po-hn-X-§-sfbpw \-K-c-§-sfbpw A-tX ssI-IÄ sIm-≠v k-ar-²-am-¡m-\p-Å k-ao]-\w \mw t_m-[-]qÀ-Æw ssI-s¡m-ÅWw. t\m-À-¡-t]m-ep-Å G-P³-knIÄ Cu N-cn-{X k-µÀ-`¯n-sâ km-[y-X-IÄ Im-Wm-sX t]m-I-cpXv. aS-§n h-cp¶-hÀ-¡v `oXntbm Bi-¦tbm th≠. Cu \m-Sn\pw \-K-c-§Ä¡pw \n-§-fp-sS I-gnhpw ssI-]p-Wyhpw B-hiy-ap≠v. CXv Ah-s\ A-dn-bn-¡m³ \-ap-¡v km-[n-¡p-Ibpw thWw. (Xp©-s¯-gp-¯-ѳ ae-bm-f- kÀÆ-I-em-ime sshkv Nm³ kn-e-dmb teJ-I³ tIc-f-¯nsâ ap³No^v sk{I-«-dn-bmWv)

7


cmjv{Sobw

XXz-N-n´-IÀ `c-Wm-[n-]³amÀ BIp-¶-Xp-hsc cmjv{S-§-fp-sStbm am\-hcm-in-bp-sStbm {]iv\-§Ä¡v Ah-km-\-ap≠-m­ -In-Ã. AsÃ-¦n `c-Wm-[n]³amcpw cmPm-¡³amcpw bYmÀ°-¯n XXz-Nn-´-I-cm-Ip¶ Imew hc-Ww. cmjv{So-bm-[n-Im-chpw XXz-im-kv{Xhpw Hcp-an¨p tNÀ¶m am{Xta cm{ãs¯ \bn-¡m³ HcmÄ¡v km[n¡q.

IÀ®m-S-I-bn `c-W-¯n-en-cp¶v _nsP]n s]mXp-ap-X sImf-fb-Sn-¡pI am{X-amWv sNbvX-Xv. cmlp KmÔn, tIm¬{Kkv sshkv {]kn-Uâ v

h\n-X-IÄ apJy-[m-cmcm-jv{So-b-¯n-te¡v hcWw kpanX sI

{][m-\-a-{´n-bm-Im-sa¶ bmsXmcp hn[ {]Xo-£tbm B{K-ltam F\n-¡n-Ã. tIm¬{Kkv ]mÀ«n-bpsS km[m-cW AwK-ambn Pohn¡m-\mWv F\n-¡m-{Klw ]n NnZw-_-cw, [\-Im-cy-a{´n kwØm-\¯v hÀ²n-¨p-h-cp¶ _em-Õw-K-t¡-kp-I-fpsS ]Ým-¯e-¯n a[y-{]-tZiv apJy-a{´n inhvcmPv knwKv Nulm³ cmPnsh-¡p-I-bmWv th­-≠Xv. kwØm-\¯v ss{Iw \nc¡v Ip¯s\ Db-cp-I-bmWv. ZnKvhnPb knwKv, tIm¬{Kkv P\-d sk{I-«dn 2Pn kvs]Iv{Sw Agn-a-Xn-bp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v {][m-\-a{´n a³tam-l³ knwKv sh¨p-]p-eÀ¯p¶ \ni-__v²X At±lw sXäp-Im-c-\m-sW¶v hn[n-sb-gp-Xp-¶-Xn\v am{Xta D]-I-cn¡q biz´v kn³l, _nsP]n t\Xmhv

kmaqly Pohn-X-¯nse sXm«p-Iq-Smbva IpdªphcnIbmsW¦nepw cmjv{Sob sXm«p-Iq-Smbva cmPy¯v \mÄ¡p-\mÄ hÀ[n-¡p¶p. \tc-{µ-tamUn, KpP-dm¯v apJy-a{´n

8

t¹täm

ap -Jy-[mccm-j-{Sob¯nte¡v h-\n-X-IÄ

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2 bqWnävkv t^mÀ kvtääv'. hmÀUnseÃmIS-¶p h-tc≠-Xnsâ B-hhÀ¡pw Iw]y«À iyI-X? ]cn-io-e\w \ ÂIp¶ ]²-XnI-gnhpw ITn-\m-²zm-\ bmWv Computerhpw CÑm-i-ànbpapknow it The 22 s≠¦n Cu Im-e-L-«Way. CXn 78 ¯n kv{Xo ]p-cp-j-hy-Xymhb-Êm-b-hÀ hsc k-anÃmsX G-Xp cwK-¯v ]Tn-¡m-s\-¯n-bntim-`n-¡m\pw h\n-X-IÄ¡v cp-¶p. I-gn-bpw. AXp-sIm-≠pXs¶, ap-Jy-[mcmcm-{ãotI-c-f-¯n-sâ `mb-¯n-te-¡v h-\n-X-IÄ hn hn-I-k\-s¯ I-S-¶p h-tc≠-Xv A-\n-hmF§-s\ t\m-¡ncy-am-bn-cn-¡p¶p. F¶m ¡m-Wp¶p? CXns\Ãmw kv-{Xo-IÄ-¡v Hmtcm P\-hnI-gnbptam F-¶ B-i-¦ `m-K-¯n-tâbpw k-aq-l-¯n \n-e-\nÂ-¡pkm¼-¯n-Ihpw tImS-Xn-Ifnse hmZ-{]-Xn¶p≠v. h-\n-Xm kwh-c-W kmaq-ln-I-hp-amb hmZ § t f¡ mÄ sP_n _nÂ, h-\n-Xm-im-àoI-c-W ka-{K-hn-I-k-\ta¯À lnjma n\p {]n ]-²-XnIÄ, Ip-Spw-_-{io, P¯n-\mWv \mw bw kaqla[ y¯ ne n\-{io, ssat{Im-^n-\m³kv Du¶Â \ÂtId§ nb pÅ P\t kh \ Xp-S-§n-b-h-sbÃmw X-s¶ ≠-Xv. hfÀ¨bv¡v amb nc p¶ p. AXps Imkv-{XoI-sf A-Sp-¡-f-bn Gähpw A\p≠pX s¶ h¡oÂtIm«v \n¶pw kz-bw ]-cym-]v-X-Xtbm-Py-amb AWnb p¶ X nt \ms Sm¸w bn-te-¡v F-¯n-¡p-hm³ A´-co-£-amWv Beph ap\nk n¸ me nI-f-sam-cp-¡p-¶-h-bmWv. tIc-f-¯n-ep-Å-Xv. änb nse 22þmwh mÀUv kz-bw ]-cym-]v-XX ssI-hkm£-c-X-bn Iu¬kneÀ F¶ tae¦n cn-¨p I-gn-ªm cm-{ão-b ap¶n-em-sW-¦nepw IqSn AWnªv sP_n cw-K-¯p-Å shÃp-hn-fn-IÄ sXmgn-en-Ãmbva anI¨ {]hÀ¯\w Imgv N t\-cn-Sm³ kv-{Xo-IÄ Iq-Sp\mw t\cn-«p-sImhb v ¡ pI b mW v . bq¯v X I-cp-¯mÀ-Ön-¡pw. ≠n-cn-¡p¶p. tIm¬{Kkv {]hÀ¯IIu¬kn-eÀ F¶ \nesXmgn tXSn \n bmb sP_n C´y³ bn Xm¦fpsS {]hÀ¯c-h[n ae-bm-fntembÀ tIm¬{Kkv tÌäv \-§-sf F§s\ hne-bnI-fmWv KÄ^v sk{I-«dn IqSn-bm-Wv cp-¯p¶p? \mSp-I-fn-te¡v tNt¡-dp-¶-Xv. kuZn-bnse kztZ-inP\-§Ä¡p th≠n F¶m Ignh¡-c-W-¯nsâ `mK-ambn \nc-h[n bp¶ Imcy-§Ä sN¿m-dp-≠v. amen\y {]hmkn ae-bm-fn-IÄ¡v sXmgn \ \nÀamÀÖ-\¯n-\mbn "¢o³ 22 {Ko³ jvSs¸«ncn-¡p-¶p. sXmgn-en-Ãmbva ]cn22' F¶- ]²Xn Bhn-jvI-cn-¨p. l-cn-¡m³ eLp-hmb kmt¦-XnI hnZyCXnsâ `mK-ambn FÃm hoSp-I-fn-epw IÄ ]Tn-¡p-Ibpw ]cn-io-en-¸n-¡p-Ibpw _tbmKymkv ¹mâp-IÄ Øm]n sN¿-Ww. tIc-f-¯nsâ km[y-X-IÄ ¨p. Pohn-X-ssi-en-bnepÅ amäw ]eChnsS Xs¶ D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯m³ Xcw tcmK-§Ä¡pw Imc-Wam-Im-dp-≠v. ]≠-t¯-¡mÄ ]¯n-c«n tcmK-§fmWv Ign-bp¶ Xc-¯n tIc-f-¯nsâ C¶p-f-fXv. A[n-I-amcpw CXn t_m[- sXmgn taJe kzbw-]-cym-]vX-am-IWw. DuÀÖ {]Xn-kÔn tIc-f-¯n\p hm³amcpw AÃ. "sl¯n 22 lm¸n am{X-aà temI-¯n\p Xs¶ henb {] 22' F¶ ]cn-]m iv\am-Wv. Pe-ssh-Zyp-Xn-]²-Xn-IÄ¡v -Sn-bn-eqsS FÃm hÀjhpw hmÀUn ]pdsa kutcmÀÖw, Imäv, Xnc-ame saUn-¡Â, \nba t_m[-h¡-cW XpS-§n-b- t{kmX-kp-Isf IqSn sshZypIymw]pIÄ \S-¯m-dp-≠v. kmt¦-XnXn-¡mbn \mw B{i-bn-t¡-≠n-bn-cnI-hn-Zy-bnse amä-§Ä¡-\p-k-cn¨v ¡p-¶p. sIm¨n sat{Sm t]mse tImgnIp«n-IÄ¡mbn sIm≠p-h¶ ]²-Xnt¡mSpw Xncp-h-\´-]p-c¯pw tamtWm bmWv "t¹ 22 te¬ 22'. H¶p ap-X sdbn ]²-Xn-Ifpw Pe-K-Xm-K-X ]¯mw ¢mkp-h-sc-bpÅ Ip«n-I-fpsS ]²-Xn-Ifpw Hcp¡n tIc-f-¯nsâ apJ]T-\w eLq-I-cn-¡m³ kne-_-kp-I-Ä Ñmb Xs¶ amän KXm-K-X-¡p-cp-¡n\v ] knUn- cq]¯nem¡n hnZymÀ°n-IÄ¡v hnX-cWw sNbvXp. \½psS kwØm\w cn-lmcw ImWWw. k-¼qÀ-® hn-Ik-\w bmYmÀ°yISp¯ sshZypXn {]Xn-k-Ôn-bn-em-Wv. C¯-c-samcp kml-N-cy-¯n tkmfmÀ am¡p-¶-Xn Xt±i kzbw-`-c-W-Ømkv{Soäv \s½ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw hf- ]-\-§Ä¡p-ff ]¦v? sc-b-[nIw {]m P-\-§-fp-sS {]-iv-\-§fpw B-h[m-\y-aÀln-¡p¶ H¶m-Wv. "kv{Soävkv iy-§fpw A-Sp-¯-dn-bm³ ]-äp¶-Xv Hm^v 22 t¥m' F¶ ]²Xn R§Ä R§Ä¡mWv. Hmtcm sa-¼dpw A-h-cpsIm≠p-h-¶p. AXnsâ `mK-ambn ] sS hmÀ-Un-se ssZ-\wZn-\{]-iv-\-§Ä t¯mfw hcp¶ tkmfmÀ kv{Soäv a-\-Ên-em-¡p-¶-h-cmWv. P-\-§Ä-¡n-SsseäpIÄ Øm]n¨n«p≠v. AXp-t]m bn sNdnb tXm-Xn-emsW-¦nepw A-hse DuÀÖ-kw-c£-W-¯nsâ `mKt_m-[w kr-ãn-¡m³ Iu¬-kn-eÀ-amÀam-bpÅ ]²Xn Xs¶-bmWv "tkhv ¡v I-gnbpsa¶v hn-iz-kn-¡p¶p.


P-\-kw-Jy-bp-sS 31iX-am\w h-cp-¶ 84 e-£w hntZi sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ DÅ ku-Zn A-td-_ybn tI-hew 5.74 e-£w t]À am-{X-am-Wv tI-cfo-bÀ. Ch-sc am-{XamtWm B-thm \n-Xm-Jm-Xv F-¶ D-½m-¡n ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv? _m-¡n 78 e-£w t]-tcm? A-hÀ-s¡m-¶p-anÃm-¯ B-i-¦ a-e-bm-fn-IÄ-s¡§-s\ h-¶p `-hn¨p?

\n-XmJm-Xv ic-Ww K-Ñm-an

CJm-a ic-Ww

Imf s]-sä-¶

hmÀ-¯ a-ebmf Zn-\-¸-{X-§Ä B-tLm-jn-¨-Xv 2013 amÀ-¨v am-kw 28þmw XotUm. taml³ bXn. A-¶m-WtÃm {]-hm-khÀKokv Po-hn-Xw \-bn-¡p-¶-h-cp-sS ta C-Sn-¯o t]m-se \n-Xm-Jm-Xv F-¶ ku-Zn-hÂ-¡c-Ww h-¶p ]-Xn-¨Xv. h³In-S Øm-]-\-§-fn 10 iX-am\w Po-h-\-¡mcpw ]-¯n Xm-sg Po-h-\-¡m-cp-Å sN-dpIn-S Øm-]-\-§fn H-cm-sf¦nepw ku-Zn ]u-c³-am-cm-bn-cn-¡-W-sa¶p-Å \n_-Ô-\ {]m-_-ey-¯n h-¶p F-¶p tI-«-]m -sS I-b-sd-Sp-¡m-\m-bn Nn-eÀ ]mªp. th-K¯n-tem-Snbh-cn a-e-bm-fn-Ifm-b tI-{µ-a-{´n-amÀ anI-¨p \n¶p. kwØm-\ ap-Jy-a-{´nbpw a-äp a-{´n-amcpw H-¸w ]n-Sn¨p. Cu Iq-«-s¸m-cn-¨n I-≠-t¸mÄ Im-gv-¨-¡mÀ-s¡m-cp kw-ibw. P-\-kw-Jy-bp-sS 31iX-am\w h-cp-¶ 84 e-£w hntZi sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ DÅ ku-Zn A-td-_y-bn tIhew 5.74 e-£w t]À am-{X-am-Wv tI-c-fo-bÀ. Ch-sc am-{XamtWm B-thm \n-Xm-Jm-¯v F-¶ D-½m-¡n ]n-SnIq-Sn-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv? _m-¡n 78 e-£w t]-tcm? A-hÀs¡m-¶p-anÃm-¯ B-i-¦ a-e-bm-fn-IÄ-s¡§-s\ h-¶p `-hn¨p? \m-«n ]p-d-s¯-Sp-¡m-sX h-¨n-cp-¶ A-[zm-\-ioew, tX-¨p-an-\p-¡n-sb-Sp-¯ km-t¦-Xn-Iþs{]m-^-j-W kao]-\w F-¶n-h-bv-¡p ]pd-sa AÂ-¸kzÂ-¸w X-cn-In-S-bpam-bm-Wv Nn-e-sc-¦nepw a-cp-`q-an-bn-se a-cp-¸-¨ tX-Sn-bn-d§p-¶Xv. KÄ-^n bp-F-C I-gn-ªm G-ä-hp-a-[n-Iw a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-Å cm-Pyam-b ku-Zn-bn-se 25% {^o- hn-km¡m-cn ]¯n-sem-s¶-¦nepw a-e-bm-fnIÄ. {^o hn-km¡mÀ F-¶p-h-¨m kv-t]m¬-k-dp-sS Io-gn-eÃm-sX thsd tPm-en I-s≠-¯n I-gn-ªp-Iq-Sp-¶hÀ. c-≠-c e-£w h-cp-¶ C-¡q-«-cn -Gdn-b ]¦pw F-¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶-Xv tI-c-f-¯n-se a-e-_mÀ ta-J-e-bn \n-¶p-amWv. A-hn-ZKv-², AÀ-² hn-Z-Kv² sXm-gn-em-fn-Ifpw {]-hm-kn-IÄ-¡v _n-kn\-kv \-S-¯m³ \n-b-a-]-c-am-bp-Å hn-e-¡p-IÄ a-dn-I-S-¡m³ ku-Zn kz-tZ-in-bp-sS t]-cn sse-k³-skSp-¯ ti-jw sNdn-b hm-Wn-Py kw-cw-`-§Ä \-S-¯p-¶ a-e-bm-fn-Ifpsam-s¡ C-¡q-«-¯nÂ-s¸-Spw. A-h-cm-Wv b-YmÀ-°-¯n ku-Zn-hÂ-¡-c-W-¯n B-i-¦-s¸-tS≠hÀ. F-¶m- kv-t]m¬-kÀ-¡p Io-gn CJm-a F-¶dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ sXm-gn-e-\pa-Xn tc-J-bn Im-Wp¶ tPm-en sN-¿p-¶h-sc \n-Xm-Jm-Xv {]-Im-cw \m-Sp-I-S-¯m³ km[n-¡p-I-tb Cà F-¶ kXyw I-b-sd-Sp¡m-t\m-Sn-b-hÀ hn-kv-a-cn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. "ku-Zn-bn-se G-g-ce-£w sN-dpIn-S Øm-]-\-§-fn 84iX-am-\hpw A-S-¨p-]q-«Â `o-£-Wn-bnÂ' F-¶p sh≠-bv-¡m \n-c¯n-b ]-{X-¡m-sc sh-dp-sX hn-Smw. ]nÅbpw ]n-Å-bp-sS ]n-Åbpw tNÀ-s¶m-cp¡n-b ap-gp-\of Ip-Spw_ tIma-Un tjm-bv-¡p ti-jw X-cn-ip In-S-¶ hmÀ-¯m-\n-e-§-fn k-a-tbm-Nn-Xam-bn am-[y-a-§Ä hnf-bn-d-¡n-sb-¶m-iz-kn-¡mw. ssh-Im-cn-I-X hn-äp t\-«-ap≠m¡mw F-¶ _p-²n, am-[y-a-§-tf-¡mÄ \-¶m-bn A -dn-bm-hp¶-Xv cm-{ão-b t\-Xm-¡Ä-¡m-W-tÃm. ku-Zn hm À-¯ tI-«-]m-sS tI-c-f ap-Jy-a{´n D-½³ Nm-≠n t\-sc UÂ-ln-¡p h-¨p-]n-Sn¨p. CJm-a \-ã-s¸-«-hÀ-¡v s]m-Xp-

am-¸v \Â-Ip-¶Xn-\p-X-Ip-¶ A-´m-cm-{ã tem_n-bn-§v \-S-t¯-≠sX§-s\ F-¶v hn-tZ-i-Imcy-a{´n kÂ-am³ JpÀ-jn-Zn-\p ¢m-sk-Sp-¯ ti-j-am-Wv A-t±-lw tI-c-f-¡-c-bn Im-ep-Ip-¯n-bXv F-¶m-Wv sF-Xnlyw. G-Xm-bmepw ku-Zn kÀ-¡mÀ H-¶p-t]-Sn-¨ a-«p≠v. \n-Xm-Jm-Xv ]cn-tim-[-\-IÄ aq-¶p am-k-t¯-¡v \nÀ-¯nh-bv-¡m³ A-Ðp-Å cm-Pm-hn-sâ D-¯c-hv h-¶p Ignªp. F-¶m a-äp KÄ-^v cm-Py-§Ä ap³-]v {]-Jym-]n-¨Xp-t]m-se-bpÅ s]m-Xp am-¸n-s\-¡p-dn-¨v D-¯c-hv au-\w ]m-en-¡p¶p. F-¶n-cp¶mepw H-cp kz-tZin-sb-t¸mepw \n-b-an-¡m-¯ Np-h-¸p-]-«n-I-bn s]«pt]m-b Øm-]-\-§Ä-¡v B-izm-kw ]-I-cp-¶-XmWv Cu \-S-]Sn. {^o hn-km-¡mÀ-¡v kv-t]m¬-kÀ-jn-¸v am-dm³ km-h-Im-iw e-`n-¡p-a-tÃm. C-\n kv-t]m¬-kÀ-jn-¸v amä-¯n-sâbpw D-Å tc-J-IÄ i-cn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-sâbpw CÃm-¯- tc-J-IÄ X-c-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-sâbpw Zn-\§Ä. Cu aq-¶p-am-kw C-S-\n-e-¡mÀ-¡v Nm-I-c-¡mew. CXnt\mS-Iw A-c-e-£-t¯mfw t]À \m-«n-te-¡v a-S-§m\p-Å Hu-«v-]m-kv A-t]-£-IÄ ku-Zn-bn-se C-´y³ Fw-_-kn-bn sIm-Sp-¯p-I-gn-ªp. C-h-cn {^o hn-km¡mcm-b ho«p-tPm-en-¡mÀ, ss{U-hÀ-amÀ, sN-dp-I-¨-h-S¡mÀ FÃm-ap≠v. \m-«n-te-¡v aS-§n ]pXn-b hn-k-bn Xn-cn-s¨¯p-I F-¶-X-p-am-{X-am-Wv C-hÀ-¡p-ap-¶n-ep-Å hgn. kv-t]m¬-kÀ-jn-¸v am-ä-¯n-sâbpw C-Jm-a ]p-Xp-¡en-sâbpw F-Iv-kn-äv s]À-an-äv k¼m-Z-\-¯n-sâ-bpw ]p Xn-b hn-k t\-Sp-¶-Xnsâbpw t]-cn-ep-Å G-Pâp-am-cp-sS Nqj-Ww C-t¸mÄ -s]mSn-s]m-Sn-¡p¶p. C-¡m-cy-¯n F-s´-¦nepw sN-¿m-\mIp-tam ap-Jy-a-{´n¡v F-¶-Xm-Wv C-t¸mg-s¯ Im-Xemb tNm-Zyw. kaÀ°-am-bn ]´p X-«n tI-{µ-kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ tImÀ-«nen-Sm³ ap-Jy-a-{´n-¡v km-[n-¨n-«p≠v. kw-Øm-\w X-¿mdm-¡p-¶ ]p-\-c-[nhm-k ]m-t¡-Pn-\v tI{µw [-\-k-lmbw \ÂI-Ww F-¶-`yÀ-°n-¨-tXm-sSm-¸w {]-kvXp-X ]m-t¡-Pv X-¿m-dm-¡m³ kwØm-\ {]-hm-kn t£-a a{´n sI kn tPm-k-^n-sâ t\-Xr-Xz-¯n sI Fw amWn, A-SqÀ {]-Imiv, a-ª-fmw-Ip-gn Aen, jn-_p t__n-tPm¬ F-¶n-h-c-S-§p-¶ A©w-K a-{´n-k-anXnbpw cq-]o-I-cn-¨p I-gnªp. \n-Xm-Jm-¯n-sâ t]-cn Xn-cn-s¨-¯p-¶-hÀ-¡v ]-¯v e-£-t¯m-fw t]À-¡v ]-eni-cln-X hm-bv] \Â-Ip-¶-Xn-\v tIc-fw tI-{µ k-lm-bw tX-Sn-bn-«p≠v; Xp-Ñam-b hmÀjn-I _-P-äp-Å {]-hm-knIm-cy a-{´m-e-b-¯n-\v Im-cy-am-bn H¶pw sN-¿m-\m-hnà F-¶-dnªp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ a-äv B-h-iy-§fm-b kv-t] m¬k-sd H-cp X-h-W am-äm³ A-\p-h-Zn-¡Â, s]-s«¶v F-Iv-kn-äv ]m-Êv \ÂIÂ, Xn-cn-¨-b-¡m-\p-Åh-sc Uot] mÀ-t«-j³ Iym-¼p-I-fn-te-¡p hn-Sm-sX Fw_-kn h-gn a-S¡-Sn¡-äv \ÂIÂ, P-bn-enep-Å-hÀ-¡v \n-b-a k-lm-bw e-`y-am¡Â, in-£ Im-emh-[n I-gn-ªh-sc tI-c-f kÀ¡mÀ Nn-e-hn aS-¡n A-b-¡m³ A-\-p-hm-Zw \Â-I F-¶n-h-sbÃmw JpÀ-jn-Zn-\v ap-¶n \n-c-¯n-s¡m-≠v

A-t±-lw {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS I-®n-ep®n-bm-bn am-dnb-Xv hf-sc s]-s«¶v. D½³- Nm-≠n H-äbv-¡v P-\-lrZ-bw I-h-cp¶-Xv I≠p-\nÂ-¡m-\m-hnÃtÃm a-ebm-fn-Iq-Snbm-b tI-{µ {]-hm-kIm-cy a{´n h-b-emÀ c-hn-¡v. kz-tZ-in-hÂ-¡c-W-¯n hn-«p-ho-gv-N-bnà F-¶v D-ds¡ {]-Jym-]n-¨ ku-Zn Øm-\]-Xn tUm ku-Zv ap-l½-Zv A kmXn-tbm-Sv i-à-am-bn hn-e-t]-in {]-iv-\w A-\-[nIrX sXm-gnem-fn-IÄ-¡v- am-{X-sa¶pw A-hÀ-¡v t]mepw \m-«n-te¡v aS-§m³ th≠-{X ka-bw \Â-In-bn-«p-s≠-¶ Dd-¸v hm-§n-s¡m-≠m-Wv c-hn I-cp-¯v Im-«n-bXv. AXp-sIm-≠v XoÀ-¶nÃ, A-t±-l-¯n-sâ t\-Xr-Xz-¯n tI-{µ hntZi Im-cy k-l-a{´n C A-l-½-Zv, kwØm-\ {]-hmkn t£-a a-{´n sI kn tPmk-^v F-¶n-h-c-S-§p-¶ D-¶X-X-e kw-L-¯n-sâ dn-bm-Zv k-µÀ-i-\hpw {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-IÄ-¡v {]-Xo-£ ]-IÀ-¶p \ÂIn. C-Xn-\p ] pd-sa c-hn-bp-sS CS-s]-S aq-ew {]-Xnk-Ôn ]-cn-lm-c¯n-\p k-lm-bn-¡m-sa-¶v ku-Zn sXm-gn a{´n B-Zn ^-¡o-lv G-äp I-gn-ªp. ku-Zn-bn-se C-´y³- Øm\]-Xn lm-an-Zv A-en dm-hp-hp-ambn \n-c´-cw _-Ôw ] p-eÀ-¯n-s¡m-≠v hn-tZ-i-Im-cy a-{´n kÂ-am³ Jp-ÀjnZn-sâ ku-Zn k-µÀ-i-\-¯n-\v A-Sn-¯-d ]m-Ip-I-bm-Wv h-b-emÀPn. C\n I-b-sd-Sp-¡m³ t]mb-h-tcm-Sv H-cp tNmZyw Iq Sn. ku-Zn-bn-se {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-IÄ¡v Cu Zp-cn-Xw hcp-¯n-h-bv-¡p-¶-Xn H-cp ]¦v kÀ-¡m-cn-\p-antÃ? KÄ^v cm-Py-§-fn-se tPm-en k-¼m-Z-\-¯n-\m-bn hym-P-_n cp-Z kÀ-«n-^n-¡-äp-IÄ ]S-¨p hn-Sp-¶ dm-¡-än-s\ H-Xp¡m³ \-ap-¡v I-gn-ªn-«p-t≠m? F-an-t{K-j³ A-gna-Xn \n-b-{´n-¡m³ s\-Sp-¼m-tÈ-cn t]m-se-bp-Å hn-am-\-¯mh-f-§Ä hgnbp-Å N-hn-«n-¡b-äv F-¶p-hn-fn-¡p-¶ hn-tZi-t¯-¡p-Å a-\p-jy-¡-S-¯n-s\ sN-dp-¡m³ km-[n-¨n-«pt≠m? a-äp KÄ-^v cm-Py-§fpw kz-tZ-in-h¡-c-W ]m-Xbn-em-sW¶ t_m-[w kÀ-¡m-cn-\p-≠m-Ip¶-Xv \-¶v. H-cp e-£w ho-Xw hn-tZ-inI-sf ]-¯p hÀ-jw sIm≠v H-gn-hm-¡m³ Ip-ssh-äv X-¿m-sd-Sp-¡p-¶-Xm-bn tIÄ¡p¶p. A-Xn \-sÃm-cp ]-¦v a-e-bm-fn-I-fm-bn-cn-¡ntÃ? _-l-dn³, H-am³ F-¶o cm-Py-§fpw Cu h-gn X-s¶bm-Wv Nn-´n-¡p-¶Xv. C-hn-sS a-®n-sâ a-¡Ä hm-Zw ] d-ªv a-lm-cm-{ã-bn-se in-h-tk-\-bpw aäp-w A-\ykwØm-\-¡mÀ-s¡-Xn-sc t]m-cm-Sn N-{µ-lm-k-an-f-¡p-t¼mÄ ku-Zn A-td-_y F-¶ ]-c-am-[nIm-c cm-Py-¯n-\v A-h-cpsS ]u-c³-amÀ-¡v tPm-en D-d-¸m-¡m³ A-h-Im-i-antÃ? {]-Xn-hÀ-jw aq-¶-ce-£w ku-Zn bp-h-P-\-§Ä hn-Zym`ym-kw ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n ]p-d-¯n-d-§p-t¼mÄ A-hÀ-¡pÅ sXm-gn km[y-X \n-e-\nÀ-t¯-≠ _m[y-X ku-Zn kÀ¡m-cn-\ntÃ? CsXÃmw ]-cn-K-Wn-¡p-t¼mÄ Im-f-s]-ät]m-se-bm-bn-tà \n-Xm-JmXv. F-´n-\nh-s\ A-Im-c-W-ambn `-b-¡Ww? C-¶-sÃ-¦n \m-sf C-Xp-kw-`-hn-t¡-≠nbn-cp-¶-Xp Xs¶btÃ? a-cp-¸-¨ tX-Sn-bp-Å bm-{X-bn a-e-bm-fn sN-¶p s]-tS≠-Xv ]-¨ en-Ìv I-¼-\n-bn X-s¶-bm-Is«. an-I-¨ s{]m^-j-W-ep-IÄ-¡v C-t¸mgpw KÄ-^v cm-Py-§-fn km-[y-X-IÄ D-s≠-¶ D-d-¸p-IÄ A-hn-iz-kn-t¡-≠ Im-cy-anÃ. A-hn-ZKv[ sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ \m-«n X-§s«. A-hÀ-¡-hn-sSbpw C-hn-sSbpw e-`n¡p-¶ th-X-\-¯n C-t¸mÄ h-ey A´-cw Im-Wm-\panÃ-tÃm. C-Xn-eq-sS \m-«n-se sXm-gn-em-fn £m-a-¯n\pw A-dp-Xn h-cp-¯mw. A-\y kwØm\ sXm-gn-em-fnI-sf B-{i-bn-¡p¶-Xv A-h-km-\n-¸n-¡mw. th≠-Xv B-tcm-KyI-camb sXm-gn kw-kv-Im-cw am-{Xw. A-Sp-¡-f-bnepw A-gp-¡v-Nm-ep-I-fnepw tlm-an-¡m-\p-Å K-±m-a-am-cm-ItWm a-e-bm-fn a¦-amÀ? "A-d-_n¡-Y'bn-se {io-\n-hm-k³-amscbmtWm \-ap-¡m-h-iyw? {]-hm-kn-I-fn Nn-e-cp-sS B-Sp-Po-hn-Xw a-äp-Å-hÀ-¡v hn-cp-¶m-Ip-¶ A-k-´p-enXm-h-Ø C-\nbpw C§-s\ Xp-Scmtam? CXn-s\m-c-dp-Xn h-cp-¯m³ kz-tZ-in-hÂ-¡c-Ww H-cp \n-an-¯-am-Ip-sa¦n \-ap-s¡m-cp-an-¨v H-cp i-c-W-a-{´w sNmÃmw. \nXmJ-Xv ic-Ww K-Ñm-an, CJm-a ic-Ww K±ma! ssh-Fwkn-F tZio-b am-[y-a-k-an-Xn sN-bÀ-am-\pw, Xn-cp-hà amÀ-t¯m½ tIm-sf-Pv s]m-fn-än-¡Â k-b³-kv hn-`m-Kw A-tkmkn-tb-äv s{]m-^-k-dp-am-Wv te-JI³.

9


Y L I M A F OFF ICE

`m-cy . v W e-bm ¼mÄ s m ] -t t n-sb v h-fÀ-¯p « p I p Xv H-c _n-kn-\-k ¶ -kv F H-¶n-¨v -§-fp-≠v \ n mhpw n-e Im-cy _wn-k ¯ À bp `n-t¡-≠ N {i-² B

-Z sN-¿ yw X-s¶ p¶p, A-XnXo-cp-am-\n¡ Â ]-¦ m-fn-b p-I F-´ps p-sS ] I -¦v F m-≠v H-cp -´msW -an-¨p _n-k ¶v? n\-kv

D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-§Ä ho-Xn¡pI B-ZywX-s¶ Xo-cp-am-\n¡p-I F-´psIm-≠v H-cp-an-¨p _n-kn\-kv sN-¿p¶p, A-Xn ]-¦m-fn-bp-sS ]-¦v F-´m-Wv F¶v? D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-§Ä ho-Xn¡pI tPm-en-bn B-cm-bn-cn¡-Ww t_m-kv F-¶v ap³-Iq-«n \n-Ý-bn¡pI hn-aÀ-i-\-§Ä B-h-iy-sa-¦n hn-aÀ-in-¡m³ a-Sn-t¡≠ tPm-en-bn s{]m-^-j-W B-Ip-I. \n-§-fp-sS I-¼-\n-bn tPm-en sN-¿p-¶ Po-h-\-¡m-cp-sS A-tX anI-hp X-s¶ C-cp-hcpw tPm-en-bn ImWn¡pI. tPm-en-¡mcyw ho-«n sIm-≠p-h-c-cp-Xv

sN-¿-cp-Xm-¯ Im-cy-§Ä ]-¦m-fn-sb k-t´m-jn-¸n-¡m-\m-bn t_mÀ-Uv Aw-Kam-¡-cp-Xv ]-¦m-fn anI-hp]p-eÀ-¯p-¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\ ta-J-ebn A-\mh-iy C-S-s]-S \-S-¯-cp-Xv ]-¦m-fn-sb \n-co-£n-¡m\pw aäpw Po-h-\-¡m-sc Np-a-X-e-s¸-Sp-¯-cp-Xv Po-h-\-¡m-cp-sS ap-¼n h-g-¡n-S-cp-Xv FÃm k-a-bhpw tPm-en-¡m-bn am-änsh-¡-cpXv, Ip-Sp-w_-Im-cy-§Ä¡pw ka-bw I-s≠¯-Ww hy-àn-]-cam-b {]-iv-\-§Ä tPm-en-bn- h-en-¨n-g-bv-¡-cp-Xv

SUCCESS STORIES

k¬-ssd-kv tlm-kv-]näÂkv l-^o-kv d-Òm³ ]m-Un-b-¯v, ]À-ho¬ l-^okv 10

hnþKmÀ-Uv, hnþÌmÀ sIm-¨u-tk-¸v Nn-än-e-¸nÅn, joe sIm-¨u-tk-¸v

I-Ì-aÀ A-k-äv, Syq-«À-hn-Ì ao-\, Ir-jv-W -K-tW-jv

In-a-b ^mj³ {]-Zo-]v ln-cm\n, t\-l ln-cm-\n

a-kvXv I-eµÀ ]Ã-hn Kp]v-X, Ku-c-hv P-bv³


kwcw-`-IXzw

Part

KXy-´-c-an-Ãm-sXmcp

sF]n-H... IY CXp-h-sc... (C´y³ tkm^vävshbÀ cwK¯v Ncn{Xw krjvSn¨ kp`Ivkv F¶ kwcw`w sI«n-¸Sp¯ kp`mjv tat\msâ _nkn-\kv IY ]d-bp¶ ]wàn-bm-Wn-Xv. hnP-b-I-c-ambn Bdv hÀj-§Ä ]n¶n« kp`Ivkns\ Hcp BtKmf I¼-\n-bmbn DbÀ¯m-³ kp`mjv tat\m³ Nn´n-¡p-¶n-S-¯mWv Ignª e¡w Ah-km-\n-¡p-¶Xv)

C´y¡v ]pd¯v BZy-ambn Gsä-Sp-¡-ep-IÄ \S-¯nb sFSn tkm^vävshbÀ s{]mUIvSv I¼\n GXm-sW-¶-dn-bmtam? C³t^m-knkn-tet¡m hnt{]m-bn-tet¡m D¯cw \ofm³ hc-s«. kp`mjv tat\msâ I¶n kwcw`w kp`Ivkv Xs¶-bmWv ]pdw \m«n t]mbn Gsä-Sp-¡-ep-IÄ \S-¯nb BZy C´y³ tkm^väv shbÀ I¼-\n. BZy-ambn sF]nH \S-¯nb C´y-bnse sFSn tkm^vävshbÀ s{]mUIvSv I¼\nbpw kp`Ivkv Xs¶. KXy-´-c-anÃmsX ]Xn-s\-«m-as¯ AS-h-mbn sF]nH \S-¯nb kp`-Ivkv BZy tkm^vävshbÀ s{]mUIvSv hn]-Wn-bn Cd-¡n-b-sX-§s\? Zn]n³ Zmtam-Zc-- ³

Idof any you have the right people you can thing. If you dont have the right

people nothing is posssible. Hcp kwcw`-I-s\¶ \ne-bn kp`mjv tat\ms\ Ft¸mgpw {]tNm-Zn-¸n-¡p¶Xpw \bn-¡p¶Xpw Cu hm¡p-Ifm-Wv. kp`-Ivkns\ Hcp BtKmf I¼-\n-bmbn DbÀ¯msa¶v Nn´n¡m³ At±-ls¯ t{]cn-¸n¨Xpw CXp-X-s¶. AsÃ-¦n hnt{]m sb t]mep-ff h¼³amÀ ]cm-P-b-s¸-« tkm^vävshbÀ s{]mUIvSv cwK¯v, Hcp Xc-¯n-ep-ff ]Ým-¯etam km¼-¯nI ]n´p-Wtbm CÃmsX Ncn{Xw Ipdn-¡m³ kp`mjv tat\m\pw kp`-Ivkn\pw Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. ""Hcp BtKmf I¼-\n-bmbn kp`-Ivkns\ amä-W-sa¶ B{Klw am{X-amWv a\-Ênep-≠m-bn-cp-¶-Xv. F¶m aäp-f-f-h-cpsS s{]mUIvSv hm§n-hn¡p-¶n-S-t¯mfw C´y¡v ]pd¯v t]mIm³ Ignbnsöp-d-¸m-bn-cp-¶p. F´v sN¿Ww, hnäp-h-chv F§s\ Iq«mw Fs¶Ãm-ambn Nn´. kz´w s{]mUIvSv hn]-Wn-bn-en-d-¡p-I-b-ÃmsX thsd amÀ¤an-sÃ-¶p-d-¸n-¨p. s{]mUIvSv F´m-I-Wsa-¶-Xmbn ASp¯ tNmZyw. H¶p-In tkm^vävshbÀ AsÃ-¦n lmÀUvshbÀ s{]mUIvSv. CXv c≠pw am{X-ambn-cp¶p ap¶n-ep-ff Hm]vj³,'' kp`mjv tat\m³ ]d-bp-¶p. F¶m C´y-bn Hcp lmÀUvshbÀ s{]mUIvSv \nÀ½n¡p-I-sb¶ kml-k-¯n\v kp`mjv apXnÀ¶n-Ã. adn¨v AXn-s\-¡mÄ kmlkw \ndª, kz´-amb tkm^vävshbÀ s{]mUIvSv F¶ Hm]vj\m-bn-cp¶p kp`mjv Xnc-sª-Sp-¯-Xv. ""C´y-bn lmÀUvshbÀ s{]mU IvSv D≠m-¡p-I-sb-¶Xv hfsc _p²nap-t«-dnb Imcy-am-Wv, {]tXy-In¨pw B Ime-L-«-¯n (1998). A¶s¯ Ct¡mknÌw A\p-Iq-e-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. A§-s\bmWv tkm^vävshbÀ s{]mU-IvSn-te-s¡¯n-b-Xv. XoÀ¯pw incidental Bbn-cp¶p AXv. R§-fmcpw Xs¶ tkm^vävshbÀ

_m¡v{Ku-≠n \n¶p-f-f-h-cm-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. F¶m AsXmcp XS-Ê-ambpw tXm¶nbn-Ã. ImcWw Adn-bm-hp¶ Bfp-Isf FSp-¯m Imcyw \S-¯mhp¶tX bpf-fq-sh¶v tXm¶n. AXp-hsc hÀ¡v sNbvXXv sSen-tIm-an-em-b-Xn-\m s{]m UIvSpw B taJ-e-bn Xs¶ aXn-sb¶v Xocp-am-\n-¨p. F´mWv s{]mUIvSv F¶v Nn´n-¨-t¸mÄ Rm³ Ft¸mgpw ]d-bm-dpf-f-Xp-t]mse aq¶v am\-Z-WvU-§-fmWv t\m¡n-bXv. 1. C´y-bn amÀ¡äv Dff s{]mUIvSmbncn¡-Ww. BtKmf I¼-\n-bm-Im-\mWv B{K-lsa¦nepw XpS§n c≠mw Znhkw Xs¶ ]p d¯v sIm≠pt]mbn D¸¶w hn¡m-\p-ff tijn-sbm-¶pan-Ã. 2. aäp-f-f-h-cn \n¶pw thdn-«p-\n¡p¶ Fs´-¦nepw LSIw s{]mU-IvSnep-≠m-I-Ww. ]pXnb s{]mUIvSv H¶pw I≠p-]n-Sn-¡m³ t]mIp-¶n-söv Dd¸m-bn-cp-¶p. ]mÝmXy cmPy-§fn \ne-hn-ep-ff GsX-¦nepw s{]m U-IvSn C´y³ kml-N-cy-§Ä¡\p-k-cn¨v amä-§Ä hcp¯n sUh-e¸v sN¿p-Itb \S-¡qsh¶v tXm¶n. F¶m \½p-tS-Xmbn-«p-ff Hcp hyXykvXX B D¸-¶¯n thW-sa¶v

5

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The

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pren e r t n e l a eri

of a s

\nÀ_-Ô-am-bn-cp-¶p. 3. s{]mU-IvSv ]pd-¯v \n-e-hn-ep-f-f-Xm-bn-cn-¡Ww, F-¶m A-Xv hÃ-h-cp-sSbpw "s{_-Uv Bâ v _-«À' B-I-cp-Xv. hen-b I-¼-\n-I-fp-sS G-sX-¦nepw {In-«n-¡Â s{]mU-Îv B-Wn-sX-¦n A-hÀ \½-sf h-f-cm³ hn-SnÃ. A¯c¯n-ep-ff Hcp s{]mU-Îv B-bn-cn-¡-cp-Xv X§Ä \nÀ½n-¡p-¶-sX¶pw Dd-¸m-bn-cp¶p. CXn \ns¶-Ãm-amWv sSentImw t{^mUv amt\-Pvsaâ v tkm^vävshbÀ s{]mU-IvSn-te¡v F¯p-¶-Xv. A©v tkm^vävshbÀ F³Pn-\o-bÀamsc dn{Iq«v sNbvXmWv tkm^vävshbÀ sUh-e¸v sN¿p-¶-Xn\v XpS¡w Ipdn¨-Xv,'' BZy s{]mUIvSv sUh-e¸v sNbvXXns\ Ipdn¨v kp`mjv tat\m³ ]d-bp-¶p. 1999 BZy-am-b-t¸m-tg¡pw kp`Ivkv tkm^vävshbÀ s{]mUIvSv sUhe¸v sNbvXp. l¨nsâ BZy -cq-]-amb lUv¡nk-Wm-bn-cp¶p BZy D]-t`màm-hv. F¶m At¸m-tg¡pw henb shÃp-hn-fnbpw kp`-Ivknsâ ap¶nse-¯n. ^≠v. ""s{]mUIvSv BtKmf Xe-¯n-se-¯n-¡-W-sa-¦n henb tXmXn ^n\m³jy dntkm-gvkkv thWw. R§-fpsS ap¶n Hcp tkmgvkpw CÃ. _m¦v ]Ww Xcn-Ã. tkm^vävshbÀ kwcw-`-§Ä¡v _m¦v ^≠v sN¿p¶ ]Xnhv A]qÀham-Wv. am{X-a-Ã, C´y-bn tkm^vävsh bÀ s{]mUIvSv _nkn-\kv A{X

kIvk-kv^pÄ AÃ. hnt{]m t]mepw Cu cwK-t¯-¡n-d§n AS-¨p-]q-«nb Ncn-{X-ap-≠v. A§s\ ^≠n-\m-bn {] Xn-kÔn t\cn-«p. Cu ka-b-¯mWv I¼\n ]»n¡v BIp-¶-Xns\ Ipdn¨v Nn´n-¨-Xv. ap¶n-ep-ff Ah-k-c-§Ä Is≠m-¶p-aà sF]nH \S-¯n-b-Xv. _nkn-\kv apt¶m«v sIm≠p-t]m-Im³ ss]k thWw, AXn-\p-ff hgn-sb¶ \ne-bn am{X-am-bn-cp-¶p. 18-þmas¯ AShv F¶ \ne-bn KXy-´-c-anÃmsX ]»n¡v Bb-XmsW¶v thWsa-¦n ]d-bmw. t\m¡nb t]mep-ff I¼-\n-I-tfm-Sm-bn-cp¶p A¶v aÕ-cnt¡-≠n-bn-cp-¶Xv. kp`-Ivknsâ BZy D¸-¶-¯nsâ khn-ti-j-X-sb-´m-sW¶tÃ. ""sSen-tImw ta-J-e-bn H-cp-]m-Sv I-f-f-¯-c-§Ä \-S-¡p-¶p-≠m-bn-cp¶p. k-_v-kv-ss{I-t_-gv-kv t]m-bn I-W-£³ F-Sp¡pw t^m¬ sN-¿pw...F¶m _n  ASbv¡m-sX t]m-Ipw. k_vkv{In-]v j³ FSp-¡p-t¼mÄ AhÀ \ÂInb A{Ukpw t]cp-saÃmw sX-äm-bn-cn-¡psa¶v ]n¶o-Sm-bn-cn¡pw I¼-\n¡v t_m[ys¸-Sp-I. Ah-sc I-≠p-]n-Sn-¡m³ ]-änÃ. CXv kwL-Sn-X-ambn sN-¿p-¶ dm-¡-äpI-fp-≠m-bn-cp¶p. C-sXm-cp Po-hn-X-amÀ-¤am-bn kzo-I-cn-¡p-¶ B-fpIÄ. A-h-sc, A¯-cw dm-¡-äpI-sf I-≠p-]n-Sn-¡p-I. C-Xm-bn-cp-¶p s{]m-UIvSv. FÃm sSentImw I-¼-\n-Ifpw t\-cn-Sp-¶ hen-b {]-iv-\-am-WnXv. B s{]m-U-IvSn kp-`-Iv-km-Wv amÀ¡-äv eo-UÀ. (Xp-S-cpw)

11


kwcw-`-IXzw

kpanX sI

sN

-Sn-I-fpw ]pjv]-§-fpw CjvS-an-Ãm-¯-h-cmbn Bcp-ap≠mInÃ. Ah-bpsS kpK-Ôw Bkz-Zn¡m-¯-hcpw Npcp¡w. F¶m Bkz-mZ-\-¯n\p-a-¸pdw Nne ]q¡-fn-epÅ hn]-W-\-km-[yX Is≠¯n Hcp kwcw-`-w XpS§m\pÅ Ignhpw ZrV-\n-Ý-bhpw FÃm-h-cnepw D≠m-sb¶phcn-Ã. Cu Ignhpw ZrV-\n-Ý-b-hp-amWv eko\ F¶ ho«-½sb HmÀ¡nUv Irjn-bn-te¡pw AXnsâ hn]-W-\¯n-te¡pw \bn-¨-Xv. ]q¡-fpsS Iq«-¯n Gähpa[nIw {i²]n Sn-¨p-]-äp-¶-h-bmWv HmÀ¡n-Up-I-Ä. hÀ®-sshhn-[yw, cq]w, BbpÀssZÀLyw F¶n-§s\ HmÀ¡n-Un-\pÅ khn-ti-j-X-IÄ \nc-h-[n. C¯cw KpW-§Ä Ah-bpsS hn]-W\ km[yXbpw DbÀ¯p-¶p. HmÀ¡n-Up-IÄ¡v hf-cm³ A\p-tbm-Py-amb Imem-h-Ø-bmWv tIc-f-¯n-teXv. Bdp-hÀj-§Ä¡v ap¼v I®qÀ IÃym-tÈcn kztZ-in-\n-bmb eko\ HmÀ¡n-Up-IÄ tI{µo-Icn¨v Hcp kwcw`w Xnc-sª-Sp-¡m-\p-≠mb ImcWhpw CXpX-s¶. ae-_m-dn HmÀ¡nUv F¶ hmSm-a-e-cp-IÄ¡v A{X {]Nmcw e`n-¨n-«n-Ãm¯ Ime-¯m-bn-cp¶p eko\ Cu cwK-t¯¡v ImseSp-¯p-h-bv¡p-¶-Xv. Hcp taf-bn \n¶v hm§n¨ \mev HmÀ¡nUv ssXIfpw tIcf `mjm C³Ìnäyq«v {]kn-²o-I-cn¨ HmÀ¡nUv F¶ ]pkvX-I-hpambn«mWv HmÀ¡nUv _nkn-\-Ênsâ XpS-¡w. ""hnhmlw Ignªv ho«½ F¶ te_-en HXp§n Ign-bpIbm-bn-cp-¶p. shdpsX kabw sNe-h-gn-¡p-t¼mÄ PohnXw Hcp t_md-Sn-bmbn tXm¶n. -sNSn-IÄ \«p-]n-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw ]q¡-tfmSpw ]≠p apXte henb CjvS-am-Wv. BZyw Ipd¨v bqt^m-À_nb D≠m-bn-cp-¶p. AXv

12

tNmZn-¨v Bfp-IÄ hcm-dp-≠m-bn-cp-¶p. ^vfhÀ tjm kok-Wp-I-fn Bh-iy-¡mÀ Gdpw. F¶m At¸m-sgm¶pw CsXmcp _nkn-\kv B¡n-bmtemsb¶v Nn´n-¨n-cp-¶n-Ã. bqt^mÀ_n b kpe-`-ambn FÃmbnS¯pw In«m³ XpS-§n-bt¸m-Ä Bh-iy-¡m-cpsS F®w Ipd-ªp. ]ns¶bmWv Rm³ Ipd¨v HmÀ¡nUv hm§n-b-Xv. XpS¡-¯n Ah-bpsS ]cn-]m-e-\-s¯-¸än \nc-h[n kwi-b-§Ä D≠m-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m AsXÃmw ]n¶oSv amdn. HmÀ¡n-Uv tNmZn¨v \nc-h[n Bhiy-¡mÀ F¯n-Xp-S-§n. Bh-iy-¡m-cpsS F®w hÀ²n-¨-t¸mÄ hyXy-kvX-Xcw HmÀ¡n-Up-IÄ sIm≠p-h¶p _nkn-\kv sa¨-s¸-Sp-¯n. ]ÅnI-fn \n¶pw aäp-ambn BtLm-j-th-fIfn h³Un-amâp-≠m-Im-dp-≠v. I®qÀ ^vfhÀ tjm bn 5 hÀj-ambn ]s¦-Sp-¯ph-cp¶p,''eko\ ] d-bp-¶p. sU³-t{Um-_nbw, Hm¬-ko-Unbw, Im-äv-en-b, hm³-U, sam¡md, ^e-t\m-]vknkv XpS§n \nc-h[n hyXykvX C\-¯nÂs¸« HmÀ¡n-Up-IÄ eko-\-bpsS ]¡-ep-≠v. Ah-bpsS hyXykvX C\-§-fnepw \nd-§-fnepambn 5000t¯mfw hI-t`Z-§fpw D≠v. ]pjv]m-e¦m-c-§Ä¡pw aäpw Gä hpw IqSp-X D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶Xv sU³t{Um-_nbw BWv. AXn-\m XpS-¡-¯n sU³t{Um-_nbw Bbn-cp¶p eko-\-bpsS {Ko³lu-kn IqSpX hfÀ¯n-bn-cp-¶-Xv. BgvN-bn c≠p XhW Chbv¡v hf-{]-tbmKw Bh-iy-am-Wv. 20:20:20 F¶ cmk-hf an{in-X-amWv D]-tbm-Kn-¡pI. IqSmsX NmW-Iw, IS-e-¸n-®m¡v F¶nh shůn IeÀ¯n sXfn-bq-än- Hcp Is¸Sp¯v, 8 I¸v shf-f-¯n ebn-¸n¨v \ÂIpw. ag-¡m-e¯v ssPh-h-f-{]-tbm-K-an-Ã. Hmtcm C\¯n\pw \ÂtI≠ shÅhpw sImÅnt¡≠ sh-

HmÀ-¡n-Un ]q-hp am-{X-aà ]-Whpw Im-bv¡pw F-¶p sX-fn-bn-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv B-dp-hÀ-j-§Ä \o≠-­hnP-b-I-c-amb HmÀ-¡nUv Irjn-bn-eqsS I-®qÀ kz-tZ-in-\nbm-b e-ko-\ bnepw hyXykvXamWv. IpanÄ iey-ap-≠mIpw F¶-ÃmsX aäp {]iv\-§Ä H¶pw Imcy-ambn D≠m-Im-dn-söv eko\ ]d-bp-¶p. Xmbveân \n¶pw Cd-¡p-aXn sN¿p-¶-h-bmWv HmÀ¡n-UpIÄ. 2 apX \mep-amkw hsc Chbv¡v BbpÊp-≠m-hm-dp≠v. 150 apX 1500 cq] hscbmWv Ch-bpsS hne. HmÀ¡n-Up-IÄ¡v ]pdsa bqt^mÀ_n-bw, t_mtK¬ hnÃ, AtU-\n-bw XpS§nb Ae¦mc ]pjv]-§fpw eko-\-bpsS \gvk-dn-bn D≠v. ]Ww D≠m-¡pI F¶-Xn-ep-]cn am\-knI-kw-Xr-]vXn-bmWv CXn-eqsS e`n-¡p-¶-sX¶v eko-\ ]d-bp-¶p. em`-Icw HmÀ¡nUv Irjn temI ]pjv]- hn-]-Wn-bn C¶v Gähpw A[nIw hcp-am\ap≠m-¡p-h¶Xv HmÀ¡n-UpIfn \n¶mWv. Xmbveâ v, tlmf-≠v, ate-jy, knwK-¸qÀ F¶n-hn-S-§-fn-sems¡ HmÀ¡nUv Irjn h³ em`-I-c-am-Wv. k¦-c-W-¯n-eqsS ]pXnb \nd-¯nepw cq]-¯nepw DÅ HmÀ¡nUpIÄ D¸m-Zn¸n¨v hn]-Wn-bn F¯n¨pw Ib-äp-aXn sNbvXpw em`-ap-≠m-¡mhp-¶-XmWv. {ioe-¦bpw Ae-¦mc ]pjv]-Ir-jn-bn hfsc ap¶n-em-Wv. tIc-fs¯ At]-£n¨v Cu cmPy§-fn-sems¡ HmÀ¡nUv Irjn h³ sNe-th-dnb k{¼-Zm-b-am-Wv. ¥mkv lukpw {Ko³ lukpw Ir{Xn-a-ambn ]WnXmWv HmÀ¡nUv sNSn-IÄ¡v hf-cm³ th≠p¶ A´-co£w Hcp¡p-¶-Xv. F¶m tIc-f-¯n Chbv¡v A\p-tbm-Py-amb A´-co-£-amWv DÅ-Xv. ChnsS Chsb Xpd¶ A´-co-£-¯n hfÀ¯mw. shbn \nb-{´n¡m-\pÅ XW he-IÄ sI«ns¡mSp-¯m aXn. A´-co-£-¯nse DbÀ¶ Xm]\nebpw Cfw NqSpÅ Imäpw HmÀ¡n-Up-Isf hf-cm³ klm-bn-¡p¶ LS-I-§-fm-Wv.


S o c i a l

E n t r e p r e n e u r s h i p

tkh-\¯n-s\m-cp "th-Zn' Nn-e ku-lr-Z-§Ä C-§-s\-bm-Wv. Po-hn--X-¯n-ep-S-\o-fw \-t½m-sSm¸w k-©-cn¨v, hn-P-b-¯n-se-¯n-¡p-¶p. A-¯-c-¯n-sem-cp hn-Pb-Km-Y-bmWv tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv B-Øm-\-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ th-Zn F-¶ kv-{Xo-kw-cw-`I-Xz ]-cn-io-e-\ Øm-]-\-¯n-\v ]-d-bm-\p-Å-Xv

kqcy hnP-b-Ip-amÀ

\m

th-Zn h-¶ h-gn

-ep hÀ-jw ap-¼v P³-in-£¬ k³-Øm³ (JSS) F-¶ kv-¡n U-h-e-¸vsaâ v s{S-bn-\nw-Kv C³-Ìn-äyq-«n A-©p Iq-«p-Im-cn-IÄ tPm-en sN-bv-Xn-cp-¶p. ^mj³ Un-ssk-t\-gv-kv B-b kv-an-X-bpw A-\p-I-e-bpw Iw-]yq-«À s{]m-^-j-W-epIfm-b \n-jbpw kp-a-¿bpw _yq-«n-j\m-b iy-a-fbpw H-¯p-tNÀ-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p N-§mXn-Iq-«w. H-tc a-\-Êp-Å A-©p-t]À H-¶n¨-tXm-sS sPF-kvF-kn-sâ A-¦-W-¯n I-c-hn-cp-Xn-sâ ]q-¡m-ew X-s¶ hn-cn-ªp. Cu h-k-´-Im-e-¯m-Wv A-©mÄ ]-«m-fw kz-´am-sbm-cp Øm-]-\-t¯-¡p-dn-¨v Nn´n-¡p-¶Xv. s{]m-^-j-W an-I-thm-sS kv-{Xo-IÄ-¡v ]-cn-ioe-\w \Â-Ip-¶tXmsSm¸w Ahsc kw-cw-`IXz-¯n-te-¡v \bn-¡m-\p-ff th-ZnbmI-Ww X-§Ä Xp-S-§m³ t]m-Ip-¶ Øm]-\w F-¶Xm-bn-cp-¶p C-h-cp-sS B-{Klw. A-[n-Iw ssh-ImsX tPm-en cm-Pn-sh-¨v A©w-K kw-Lw kw-cw-`-I th-Zn-bn-te-¡v F¯n. kv-{Xo-IÄ-¡v I-c-Iu-i-e hn-Zy-bn ]-cnioe-\w \Â-Ip-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w Ah-sc kwcw-`-IÀ IqSn B¡p-I F-¶ e-£y-t¯msS 2009 th-Zn (Women Enterprenaurial Development Institute )F-¶ Øm-]-\¯n-\v C-c-ªn-]me-s¯ H-ä-ap-dn-sI-«n-S¯n l-cn{io Ip-dn-¨p. ^m-j³ Un-ssk-\nwKpw X-¿Â ]-coio-e-\-§fpw \Â-In-s¡m-≠m-bn-cp-¶p Xp-S¡w. th-Zn-bp-sS ]-cn-io-e-\-I-f-cnsb-¡p-dn-¨-dn-ªv F-¯nbhÀ-s¡Ãmw ku-P-\y-am-bn kw-cw-`-I ]-cn-io-e-\-§-fpw hf-sc Xp-Ñam-b ^o-kn ssI-s¯m-gn ]-cn-io-\-§fpw \ÂIn. hn-[-h-IÄ-¡pw am\-kn-Iþim-co-cnI ssh-I-ey-ap-Å-hÀ-¡pw ^o-kn 50% C-fhv \Â-In. Po-hn-X-¯nsâ \m-\m-Xp-d-I-fn \n¶pw th-Zn-bn-se¯n-b-hÀ-s¡Ãmw X-s¶ C-sXm-cp ]p-XpPo-hn-X-¯n-sâ B-cw-`w Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp¶p. kz-´-am-bn F-s´-¦nepw kw-cw-`w XpS§-Ww F-¶ XmÂ-¸-cy-t¯m-sS F-¯nb-h-cm-bn-cp¶p Hm-tcm-cp-¯-cpw. F-¶m X-§-Ä-¡p-Å I-gn-hp-I-sf-´m-sW-t¶m, A-Xn-s\ F§-s\ hn-I-kn-¸n-¡-Wsat¶m an-¡-hÀ¡pw A-dn-bnÃm-bn-cp¶p. Cu A-\p-`-h-s¯-¡p-dn-¨v U-b-d-Î-dm-b kvan-X ]-d-bp-¶-Xn§-s\ ""]mÀ-iz-h-¡cn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ H-cp k-aq-l-¯n-sâ D-¶-a\-am-Wv R-§-fp-sS e-£yw. hn-Zym-`ym-k¯n-sâ A-`m-hhpw tem-I-]-cn-Nb-¯n-sâ Ip-dhpw `q-cn-`m-Kw-t]-scbpw ho-Sn-sâ \m-ep-Np-a-cp-IÄ-¡p-Ån X-s¶ X-f-¨nSp¶p. CXn-s\m-cp am-äw th-Ww F-¶ D-t±-iy-t¯m-sS-bm-Wv th-Zn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶-Xv. C-hn-sS F-¯p-¶ Hmtcm kv-{Xo-bpw G-sX-¦n-ep-sam-s¡ ta-J-e-I-fn I-gn-hpÅ-h-cmWv. Cu I-gn-hp-IÄ Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªv Ah-sc k-aq-l-¯n-sâ taÂ-¯-«n-te-¡v sIm-≠p-h-cm³ R-§-fm I-gn-bp-¶-Xp sN-¿p-¶p A-{X-am{Xw.'' th-Zn-bp-sS h-fÀ¨ kw-`-h-_-lp-eam-b H-cp hÀ-jw I-gnª-t¸mÄ th-Zn-bp-sS ]-W-s¸-«n-bnÂ

kw-Xr-]v-Xn-bp-sS \m-W-b-§Ä am{Xw A-h-ti-jn¨p. km-¼-¯n-I-am-bn bm-sXmcpt\-«hpw sIm¿m³ th-Zn-¡v B-bnÃ. CXn-s\m-cp ]-cn-lm-cw F-¶-Xm-bn- ]n¶o-Sp-Å Nn-´. h-À-jm-h-km-\-am-Ipt¼m-tg¡pw H-cp sNdn-b Xp-I-sb-¦nepw k-¼mZyw th-Ww F-¶ e-£y-t¯m-sS {]-hÀ¯-\w Xp-SÀ-¶p. Ip-d-ª ^o-kv \n-e-\nÀ-¯n-s¡m-≠v th-Zn-bn-se FÃm sN-e-hp-IÄ-¡p-ap-Å Xp-I I-s≠¯p-I F-¶-Xm-bn-cp-¶p G-ähpw {i-a-I-cam-b Imcyw. A-Xn-\m-bn kw-cw-`-IXz ]-cn-io-e-\§fnepw kv-¡n U-h-e-¸v -saâ v t{]m{Km-ap-I-fnepw am{Xw H-Xp-§m-sX kwcw`I hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ a-äp ta-J-e-I-fn-te¡pw thZn I-S-¶p. \n-ch-[n ]pXnb tIm-gv-kp-IÄ B-cw`n¨p. h\n-Xmkw-cw-`-IÀ-¡m-bn F-Ivkn-_n-j-\p-Ifpw t{S-Uv-s^-b-dp-Ifpw kw-L-Sn-¸n¨p. Ip-Spw-_{io t]m-se-bp-Å \n-ch[n kw-L-S\-I-fn \n¶pw HmÀ-U-dp-IÄ ^m-j³ Unti-J-cn-¡p-Ibpw ssk-\nwKpw A-hÀ-¡p th-≠ DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä thX-¿Â ]-co-io-eZn-bn-se hn-ZymÀ\-§fpw \Â-In°n-I-Ä X-s¶ s¡m-≠m-bn-cp-¶p \nÀ-an-¡p-Ibpw Xp-S¡w. th-Zn-bp-sS ]-cn-iosN-bvXp. th-Zn-bntcm-cp-¯À¡pw e-\-I-f-cn-sb-¡p-dn-¨-dn-ªv se hn-ZymÀ-°nho-Xn-¨p-\Â-In. IÄ \n F-¯nbhÀ-s¡Ãmw ku-P-\y-amhn-P-b-¯n-f¡w À-an-¨ km-cn-Ifpw bn kw-cw-`-I ]-cn-io-e-\-§-fpw th-Zn-sb IqNp-cn-Zm-dp-Ifpw hf-sc Xp-Ñam-b ^o-kn ssISp-X hn-]pI-fn-¸m-«-§fpw s¯m-gn ]-cn-io-\-§fpw \ eo-I-cn¡p-I I-c-Iu-i-e-h-kvF-¶p-Å-Xm-bn In. hn-[-h-IÄ-¡pw am-\-kn-Iþ Xp-¡-fp-saÃmw A-Sp-¯ {iaw. ssa-t{Im kvim-co-cnI ssh-I-ey-ap-Å-hÀ-¡pw A-Xn-\m-bn GtamÄ-kv-s¡-bv ^o-kn 50% C-fhv \Â-In gw-K- kwLw C³-U-kv{Sn s^k-¼m-Zy-¯n Ìp-I-fn-eq-sSbpw \n¶pw anF-Iv-kn-_n-j-\p¨wsh-¨ 5,000 cq-] \n-t£-]w \-S-¯n. I-fn-eq-sSbpw t{SUvs^-b-dp-I-fn-eq-sSbpw 35,0000 cq] sam-¯ \n-t£-]-¯n hn-ä-gn¨p. th-Zn-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä ]pXn-b kw-cw-`-¯n-sâ B-Zy ]mTamb amÀam-\-§Ä ssI-h-cn-¡m³ Xp-S§n. th¡-än-wKv ]mT-]p-kv-X-I-§-fpsS k-lm-bZn- F-¶ km-aqln-I {]-Xn-_-²-X-bp-Å anÃm-sX A-\p-`-h-Úm-\-¯n-eq-sS th-Zn kw-cw-`-I-]-co-in-e-\ Øm-]-\-t¯-¡p-dnCh-sc ]Tn-¸n-¨p. km-¼-¯n-I-am-bn th-Zn ¨v ]pdw-tem-Iw Iq-SpX A-dn-ªp.- \n]p-tcm-K-an-¡m³ Xp-S§n. th-Zn-bn-se ch-[n kv-{Xo-IÄ C-hn-tS-bv-¡v F¯n. Aw-K-§Ä-¡v sNdn-b A-e-h³-kp-Ifpw `q-cn-`m-Kw-t]cpw ho-«-½-amÀ. A-h-cp-sS i-¼-f- hÀ-²-\bpw \Â-Im³ km-[n-¨p. A-`n-cp-Nn a-\-Ên-em-¡n A-hÀ-¡n-WC-c-ªn-]me-s¯ hen-b H-cp sI-«n-S-¯n§p¶ tIm-gv-kp-IÄ th-Zn \ÂIn. te-¡v Hm-^o-kv am-än. H-cp hÀ-jw ssZÀ-Ly-apÅ {In-tbth-Zn-bp-sS {]-iw-km-h-l-am-b bmäo-hv ^m-j³ Un-ssk-\nw-Kv Un-t¹m-a{X-bv-¡v amÀ-¤-\nÀ-t±-i-§Ä \Â-Im³ tIm-gv-kv ap-X H-cm-gvN ssZÀ-Ly-ap-Å km-aqln-I {]-hÀ-¯-Icm-b Ir-jv-W-Ipsa-l-µn Un-ssk-\nw-Kv tIm-gv-kph-sc amdpw ap-l½-Zv l-koapw l-cn-{]-km-Zpw th-Zn-bn-ep≠-v. A-©p-X-«p-I-fm-bn-«m-Wv H-¸w tNÀ-¶p. C-h-cp-sS D-]-tZ-i-a-\p-kth-Zn-bn-se tIm-gv-kp-IÄ X-cw -Xn-cncn-¨v 2011 skm-ssk-än cPn-kv-t{S-j³ ¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. H-cp-hÀj-s¯ Un-t¹mB-În-\p Io-gn Øm]-\w cPn-ÌÀ a-tIm-gv-kp-IÄ IqSmsX B-dp-amkw, sN-bvXp. C-tX-hÀ-jw X-s¶ th-Zn-bp-sS aq-¶pam-kw, H-cp-am-kw, H-cm-gv-¨ ImeA©w-K N-§m-Xn-Iq-«-¯n-te-¡v c-≠p-t] ssZÀLy-ap-ff tIm-gv-kp-I-fpap­≠v. th-Zn À Iq-Sn h-¶p, tkm-Wn-bbpw P-b-´n-bpw. \Â-Ip-¶ H-cm-gv¨-s¯ tIm-gvkp-t]mepw A§-s\ th-Zn F-¶ Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ Po-hn-X-¯n h-gn-¯n-c-hm-sW-¶-Xn-sâ A-a-c-¡m-cm-bn G-gp kv-{Xo-IÄ am-dn. sX-fn-hmWv h-b-\m-Sv kz-tZ-in j-_v-\-bptIm-gv-kp-IÄ ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w sS Po-hn-Xw. Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-NpaXe Hm-

""th-Zn-bn-se H-cp-hÀj-s¯ ^m-j³ Un-ssk-\nw-Kv tIm-gv-kp ]Tn-¡p-¶-Xn-\nS-bv-¡m-Wv sal-µn Un-ssk-\nw-Kv tImgvkn-t\m-Sv Xm-¸cyw tXm-¶n-b-Xv. ^mj³ Un-ssk-\nw-Kv ]T-\-t¯m-sSm-¸w sa-l-µn-bp-sS H-cm-gv¨-s¯ tIm-gv-kpw ]qÀ-¯n-bm¡n. ]≠--v Iq-«p-Im-cn-I-fp-sS ssI-I-fn H-cp Iu-Xp-I-¯n-\v ssa-em©n-bn-«p sIm-Sp-¡p-sa-¶Ãm-sX C-Xv H-cp s{]m-^-j-W co-Xn-bn ]Tn-¨v kz-bw sXm-gn B-¡m-sa-¶v kz-]v -\-¯n t]mepw hn-Nm-cn-¨XÃ. \m-«nse an-¡ B-tLm-j-§Ä¡pw C-t¸mÄ sal-µn C-Sm³ Fs¶ £-Wn-¡m-dp--≠v. kz-´am-sbm-cp sal-µn Un-ssk-\nw-Kv C³-kv-än-äyq-«v Xp-S-§m-\p-Å X-¿m-sdSp-¸n-em-Wn-t¸mÄ.'' j-_v\-sb-t¸m-se Iu-XpI-s¯ kwcw-`am-¡n am-än th-Znbn-eqsS kw-cw-`I tem-I-t¯-¡v 600Hmfw h-\n-X-I-fm-Wv F-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv . Hm-tcm-cp-¯À¡pw ]-d-bm-\p-Å-Xv hn-P-b¯n-sâ a-[p-c-ap-Å I-Y-IÄ am-{Xw. kv-{Xo-IÄ-¡v kz-´w Nn-d-In kz-]v\-§-fpsS B-Im-i-§Ä Io-g-S-¡m-s\t¶m-Ww hnwKvkv (Women Intiative for Income Generation and Support) F-¶ ]-²-Xn¡pw th-Zn Xp-S-¡w Ip-dn¨p. kv-{Xo-im-àoI-c-W-¯n-eq-sS k-aq-l¯n-sâ D-¶a-¶w e-£y-am-¡n h-b-\m-Sv, a-e-¸p-dw PnÃ-I-fn-te¡pw {]-hÀ¯-\w hn-]p-eo-I-cn-¡m-³ th-Zn H-cp-§n-¡-gnªp. kv{Xo kw-cw-`I-Xz-¯n-\v H-cp thZn F-¶ G-gp kp-lr-¯p-I-fp-sS kz-]v-\w C-¶v th-Zn-bnse Hmtcm Aw-K¯n-sâbpw kz-]v-\-am-bn-¡-gnªp. Cu kz-]v\w k-^-e-am-¡m-\p-Å ]-cn-{i-a-¯nem-Wv C-hn-Sps¯ kv-{Xo-lr-Z-b§Ä.

13


kwcw-`-IXzw Wo m e n + E n t re p re n e u r

THE HERBAL

e£van \mcm-bW³

1960

I-fp-sS A-h-km\w. {]m-Yan-I hn-Zym-`ym-kw am{Xw t\-Sn 15þmw h-b-kn hn-hm-ln-X-bm-bn, 16þmw hb-kn A-½-bm-bn `À-¯mhn-s\m-¸w A-\y-tZi-¯v Xma-k-am-t¡-≠n-h-¶ bp-hXn; `m-j-b-dn-bnÃ, tZ-i-a-dn-bnÃ, B-Nm-c-§fpw kw-kv-Im-chpw hy-Xy-kvXw. C¯-c-sam-cp km-l-N-cy-¯n `À-¯m-hn-s\bpw Ip-«n-I-sfbpw ]-cn-Ncn-¨v ho-Sn-sâ \m-ep-Np-h-cp-IÄ-¡p-Ån AhÀ H-Xp§n-¡qSpw F-¶m-Wv I-cp-Xn-b-sX-¦n sXän. kz-´w Im-en \nÂ-¡Ww, tem-I-a-dn-bp-¶ kw-cw-`-I-bm-IWw, C-Xn-\m-bn CjvS-ta-J-e-bmb kuµ-cy kw-c£Ww Xncsª-Sp¯p-sIm-≠v B bph-Xn Xn-cn-¨-Sn-I-tfm-Sv t]m -cmSn. kuµ-cy kw-c£-Ww ]n-¶o-Sv kuµ-cy hÀ-²-Ih-kv-Xp-¡-fp-sS DÂ-¸m-Z-\-¯n-te-¡v h-gn-am-dn-b-t¸mÄ, 1970 kr-ãn-¡-s¸«-Xv B-tKm-f {i-²-bm-À-Ön-¨ H-cp tIm-kv-sa-än-Iv I-¼\n-bmWv. AXpw UÂ-ln B-Øm\-am-bn C-´y³ a-®nÂ. ku-µ-cy-kw-c£-W-¯n-sâ Im-h-em-fm-bn, BtKmf _yq«n sIbÀ _nkn-\-knse

jl-\mkv lpssks\¶ "slÀ_ Izo³' 40 te-sd hÀ-j-§-fm-bn kuµcy kwc-£-W-cw-K¯v kPo-h-km-¶n-[y-amWv. 1971 UÂ-ln-bn B-Zy Øm]-\w Xp-d-¶ j-l-\m-kv 1979  A-Xv I¡-«-bn-te-¡pw Xp-SÀ-¶v B-tKm-f X-e-¯n-te¡pw hym-]n-¸n-¨p...Ata-cn-¡³ {]-knUâ v _-cm-Iv H-_m-a-bp-sS A-[y-£-X-bn \-S¶ tem-I kw-cw`I-Xz D-¨-tIm-Sn-bn c-≠v h«w t\-cn-«v £-Ww e-`n-¨ G-I C-´y³ kw-cw`Ibpw jl-\m-kmWv

C´ybpsS {]Xo-I-ambn amdnb B h\nXm kwcw-`I jl-\mkv lpssk³ C¶v {]mb-t`-Z-at\y kuµcys¯ kvt\ln-¡p¶ GhÀ¡pw kp]-cn-Nn-Xw. j-l-\m-kv XpS-¡w Ip-dn-¨ j-l-\m-kv lp-ssk³ {Kq-¸v 400 e-[n-Iw {^m-ss©-kn-Ifpw Øm-]-\-§-fpam-bn tem-I-sa-¼mSpw hym-]n-¨p I-gn-ªp. A-{im-´ ]-cn-{i-a-¯n-eq-sS kz-]v-\§-sf bm-YmÀ-°y-am¡n-b jl-\m-kn-sâ Po-hnXw, kw-cw`-I-temI-s¯ an-I-¨ A-htem-I-\-{K-Ù-am-Wv...Xn-I-ª H-cp ku-µ-cym-cm-[-I-bv¡p am-{Xta, kuµ-cy kw-c£-W-¯n hn-P-bn-¡m-\mIq. ku-µ-cy-kw-c£-Ww kwcw-`-¯n-\mbn Xnc-sª-Sp¡p-t¼m-gm-Is«, B-cm-[-\-s¡m¸w, Xn-I-ª AÀ-¸-W a-t\m-`m-h-hpw ip-`m-]v-Xn hn-izm-khpw Iq-Sn-tb Xo-cq... kz-´w kw-cw-`I-Xz Po-hn-Xw sIm≠v CXv A-\zÀ-°am¡n-b hy-àn-bm-Wv j-l-\m-kv lp-ssk³. kuµ-cy hÀ-²-I h-kv-Xp-¡-sf-¡p-dn-¨v ]Tn¨v, K-thj-Ww \-S-¯nbm-Wv j-l-\mkv, X-sâ I-¼-\n-bn \n¶pw Hmtcm DÂ-¸-¶hpw ]p-d-¯n-d-¡p-¶Xv. {]-Ir-Xn-Z-¯amb DÂ-¸-¶§fm-Wv j-l-\m-kv {Kq¸n-s\ hy-Xy-kv-X-am-¡p-¶Xv.""16þmw h-b-kn Ip-ªp P-\n-¨-Xn-\p-ti-j-amWv, kz-´am-sbm-cp h-cp-am-\w I-s≠-¯-W-sa-¶ Xo-cp-am-\w i-à-am-bXv. F-sâ h-gn kuµ-cy kw-c-£-W ta-J-e- X-s¶-bmsW¶v kz-bw a-\Ên-em-¡n-b-Xn-\m tIm-kv-sa-än-Iv sI-an-kv-{Snbnepw tImkv-sa-täm-f-Pn-bnepw ]T-\w \-S¯n; B k-ab-¯v Rm³ `À-¯mhp-sam-¯v sS-lv-dm-\n-em-bn-cp¶p. ]T-\m-\-´cw, e-≠-\n s{S-bn-\nw-Kv \-S-¯p-t¼m-gmWv, B-bpÀ-th-Z¯n-sâ A-\-´ km-[y-XI-sf Ip-dn-¨v Rm³ a-\-kn-em¡p-¶Xv. A-§-s\ 1971 C-´ybn Xn-cn-s¨¯n-b tijw I-Sw-hm-§nb 35000 cq]-¡v UÂ-ln-bn hoSn-t\m-Sv tNÀ-¶v Rm³ B-Zy-am-bn H-cp slÂ-_ k-eq¬ B-cw-`n¨p. kw-cw`-I-tem-I-t¯-¡v F-s¶ ssI-]n-Sn¨p \-S-¯nb-Xv B Øm-]-\-am-bn-cp-¶p,'' j-l-\m-kv ]-d-bp¶p. UÂln-t]m-sem-cp sa-t{Sm-s]m-fn-ä³ ]-«-W-¯n B-bpÀ-thZ-s¯ ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp¯n-b j-l-\m-kn-sâ ku-µcy kwc-£-W co-Xn-sb kuµcy tem-Iw A-Xnth-Kw kzoI-cn¨p. CXn-t\m-sSm-¸w ssl-¸Àþ]n-sÜtâj³, {]n-sa-NzÀ G-PnwKv, Xmc³, apSn-sIm-gn-¨n F-¶n-h-s¡-Xn-sc hn-I-kn-¸n-s¨-Sp-¯ {]-Ir-Xn-Z-¯ Nn-InÕm co-Xn-IÄ j-l-\m-kn-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bvs¡m-¸w {_m³-Uv sN-¿-s¸«p. 1970I-fp-sS A-´y-t¯msS, j-l-\m-kv lp-ssk³

2015 BIp-t¼m-tg¡pw bpF-kvF, Im\-U, I-km-¡n-Øm³, Ip-ssh-äv, _-l-dn³, H-am³, Hm-kv-t{S-en-b, a-te-jy F-¶o cm-Py-§-fn I-¼-\n-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä Iq-Sp-X hn-]p-eam¡m\p-ff X¿m-sd-Sp-¸n-emWv Xms\¶v {]apJ _yq«n sIbÀ kwcw-`I jl-\mkv lpssk³ FaÀPnMv tIc-f-tbmSv ]d-bp¶p 14

{Kq-¸v {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä C-´y-¡p ]p-d-t¯¡pw hym-]n¸n¨p. C-¶v tem-I-¯n-sâ \m-\m-`m-K-§-fn-em-bn \q-dn ¸cw cm-Py-§-fn j-l-\m-kv lp-ssk³ {Kq-¸n-sâ Øm]-\-§Ä {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶p. ]mÀ-iz-^-e-§-fnÃm-¯ B-bpÀth-Z Nn-InÕm coXn-I-fp-sS km[y-X I-s≠-¯m-\m-b-XmWv Cu kwcw-`I-sb tem-I-{]-i-kv-X-bm-¡n-bXv. C-Xn-\p-]p-dsa, hn-]-Wn-bn-se ]p-¯³ km-[y-X-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw ¥m-aÀ tem-Is¯ am-ä-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw \-S-¯p-¶ ]T-\-§Ä Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ h-fÀ¨-bv¡v h-gn-h¨p. DÂ-¸-¶§-sf Xsâ t]cn X-s¶ hn-]W-\w sN-¿p-I F¶ jl-\mknsâ amÀ-¡-änw-Kv X{´hpw hn-P-bn-¨p. j-l-\m-kn-sâ ap-J-Nn-{Xw Bte-J\w sNbvXmWv {Kq¸nsâ D¸-¶§Ä hn-]-Wn-bn-se¯p¶-Xv. DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS Kp-W\ne-hm-c-t¯m-sSm-¸w j-l-\m-kv A-h-ew-_n-¨ amÀ-¡-änw-Kv X-{´-§-fpw ¢n¡m-bn. {]-Xn-hÀ-jw 100 _n-ey-Wn-e-[n-Iw h-cp-am-\-ap-Å H-cp _-lp-cm-{ã kw-cw-`-am-bn j-l-\m-kv lp-ssk³ {Kq-¸v am-dnb-Xv A¯-cw hn]-W-\ X-{´-§fp-sS hnP-bamWv. "]qÀWm-tcm-Kyw' F-¶ B-i-b-¯n-e[n-jvTn-X-am-bn "kv]m' IÄ Iq-Sn-bm-cw-`n-¨-tXm-sS j-l\m-kv lp-ssk³ {Kq-¸n-sâ {]-i-kv-Xn I-S-tegpw IS-¶p Iq-Sp-X hym-]n¨p. Ubm-\ cm-P-Ip-amcn, C-µn-cm-Km-Ôn, _mÀ-_-d ImÀ«v-emâ v, ssh-P-b-´n-am-e, ssa-¡nÄ Pm-Iv-k¬ XpS-§n H-«-\h-[n {]-ap-J-cp-sS kuµ-cy kw-c£-Ww j-l-\mkn-sâ ssI-I-fn-em-bn-cp-¶p F-¶Xv, Cu h-\n-X-bp-sS {]-i-kv-Xn-bp-sSbpw sXm-gn an-I-hn-sâbpw aln-a shfn-hm-¡p¶p. Ip-Spw-_mwK-§-fpsS Xn-I-ª k-l-I-c-Whpw t{]mÕm-l-\-hp-am-Wv X-sâ hn-P-b-c-l-ky-sa-¶m-Wv j-l-\m-kv A`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. B-bpÀ-th-Z-¯n-sâ ]n³-_-e-ap-Å-Xn-\m X-s¶ h-cpw-Im-e-§-fn C-´y- ku-µ-cy-kw-c£-W ta-J-ebn-se an-I-¨ tI-{µ-§fn-sem-¶m-bn amdp-sa-¶ ip-`{]-Xo-£-bn-emWv jl-\mkv. AXn-t\m-sSm-¸w X-s¶ B-tKm-f X-e-¯n X-sâ I-¼\n-sb Iq-Sp-X {]-i-kvX-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-Å X-{´-§Ä sa-\-bp-I-bm-Wv AhÀ; A-Xn-\m-bn {^m-ss©-kn k-eq-WpIÄ, _yq-«n s{S-bn-\nw -Kv C³-Ìn-äyq-«pIÄ, kv-]m-IÄ F-¶n-h-bp-sS F-®w hÀ²n-¸n-¨p I-gn-ªp. 2015 BIp-t¼m-tg¡pw bpF-kvF, Im\-U, I-km¡n-Øm³, Ip-ssh-äv, _-l-dn³, H-am³, Hm-kv-t{S-en-b, a-te-jy F-¶o cm-Py-§-fn I-¼-\n-bp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä IqSp-X hn-]p-e-am-¡pw.


S T A R T U P

S U C C E S S

vie Tarot o M

Bgv-N-tXmdpw Xn-b-ädp-I-fn \n-d-bp-¶ kn-\n-a-IÄ \n-c-h[n. A-Xn \ÃXpw No-¯bpw Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªv GXv kn\na ImW-W-sa¶ tNmZyw t{]£-I\v ap¶n FÃm-Im-e-¯p-ap-≠v. kn\nam t{]an-I-fpsS C¯cw tNmZy-§Ä¡pw kwi-b-§Ä¡p-ap-ff D¯-cw \ÂIp-I-bmWv dnbm^n. kn\n-a-bpsS `mhn {]h-Nn-¡m³ klm-bn-¡p¶ "aqhn Smtcm' F¶ B¹n-t¡-j-\n-e-[n-jvTn-X-ambn sIm¨n ÌmÀ«v-A¸v hntÃ-Pn {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ dnbm^n CXn-t\m-SIw Xs¶ X-em-jv, hn-iz-cq-]v, ssI-t]m-t¨, tdkv 2, C-³ImÀ, Szn-sse-äv, {Sm³kvt^mÀtagvkv kocokv, sdUv ssh³ XpS-§n \n-ch-[n Nn-{X-§-fp-sS `m-hn {]-h-Nn-¨pI-gnªp.

AWn-b-d-bn tPm¬ amXyp, \ocPv at\m-l-c³,

kpanX sI

Xn

c-¡p-IÄ \n-d-ª Po-hn-X-¯n CÃm-¯ ka-bw I-s-­≠¯n H-cp kn-\n-abv¡p-t]mbm ISp¯ \n-cm-i-bm-Wv ] eÀ¡pw ^ew. ]-e-bn-S-¯pw hm-bn¨ kn\n-am dn-hyqhpw ^m³-kp-Im-cp-sS A-`n-{]m -bhpw t]m-kv-ä-dp-I-fnepw t]-cnepw D-Å ]p-Xp-abpw I≠-v­hf-sc {]Xo-£ ]peÀ-¯n-bm-Wv an-¡-hcpw kn-\n-a-bv-¡p t]m-Ip-¶Xv. F-¶m I≠-­n-d-§nbmtem k-a-b-\-ãhpw ]W-\-ãhpw an¨w. Sn¡-äv Iu≠-­-dn-\p ap-¼n -a-Wn-¡q-dp-I-tfmfw Xn-¡n-Xnc-¡n F-«p-\n-e-bn s] m-«p-¶ X-«n-¡q-«p-]-S-§Ä I≠-­v C-\n A_-²w kw-`-hn-t¡≠-.­ kn\nam t{] an-IÄ¡v Bizmkw \ÂIm³ kn\n-abpsS `mhn {]h-Nn-¡p¶ "aqhn Smtcm' F¶ B¹n-t¡-j³ Hcp Iq«w F³Pn\o-b-dnwKv hnZymÀ°n-IÄ t{]£-IÀ¡v ap¶n Ah-X-cn-¸n¨p Ign-ªp. C\n kn\na ImWm³ t]mIp-¶-Xn\p ap¼v samss_-ense B¹n-t¡-j-\n t\m¡n Xocp-am-\n¡mw Imin\p sImÅp¶ kn\n-a-bmtWm AÃtbm F¶v. `qXw, `m-hn, hÀ-¯-am-\w F-¶v hn-fn-¨p-]d-ªv ap-dp-¡n Np-h-¸n-¨ Np­≠pw ap-¯pam-ebpw Ip-¸n-h-fbpw I-cn-h-fbpw A-Wn-ªv ssI\nd-sb No«pw Xp-cp-¼n-¨ Iq-«n-\p-Ån k-Zm-k-a-bhpw Nn-e¨p-sIm-≠ ­ n-cn-¡p-¶ -X-¯-tbbpw Xq-¡n ho-Sn-sâ ]-SnIS-¶v h-cp-¶ Im-¡m-e-¯n-am-À C-¶v A]qÀÆamWv. A¯cw Im¡m-e¯n-am-cpsS ] Wn-bm-b-Xn-\m-emWv CXn\v aqhn Smtcm F¶ t]-cp-\ÂIn-b-Xv. tPm¬ amXyp, \ocPv at\m-l-c³, tPmk^v _m_p, sI hn {io\m-Yv, s_¶n tkhyÀ, _nt\mbv tPmk^v F¶nhÀ tNÀ¶mWv 2012 dnbm-^n¡v ÌmÀ«vA¸v hntÃ-Pn XpS¡w Ipdn-¨-Xv. aqhn Smtcm F¶ t]cn ChÀ ]pd-¯n-d-¡n-bn-cn-¡p¶ tkm^vävshbÀ kwhn-[m\¯n-eqsS Hcp kn\na ]pd-¯n-d-§p-¶-Xn\p ap¼v Xs¶ Ah hnP-bn-¡ptam CÃtbm F¶p ]d-bm³ Ign-bp-¶p. CtXm-sSm¸w Xs¶ Nn{Xw I≠­n-d-§p¶ t{]£-I-cpsS kwXr]vXn F{X iX-am-\-am-sW¶pw kn\n-abv¡v t_mIvkv Hm^okn hogp¶ ]Whpw aqhn Smtcm {]h-Nn-¡p-¶p. dnbm^n I¼\n t]äân-eqsS kz´-am-¡nb s{]m

U-Iväohv A\m-en-kn-kv, dnte-j-W Câ-en-P³kv F¶o kmt¦-XnI hnZybpsS klm-b-¯m-emWv Nn{X-§-fpsS tdänwKv \S-¯p-¶-Xv. Nn{Xw Cd-§p-¶Xn\p ap¼v Xs¶ CâÀs\-än \n¶pw tiJ-cn-¡p¶ hnh-c-§Ä tkm^vävshbdn-sâ klm-b-t¯msS hni-I-e\w sNbvXmWv tdänwKv. Hcp kn\nabpsS t] mÌÀ dneokv sN¿p-¶Xp apX¡mWv aqhn SmtcmbpsS tPmen. Hcp kn\nabv¡v SznäÀ, s^bvkv _p¡v, bq Syq_v XpS§nbhbneqsSbpÅ sse¡pw sjbdpw B kn\nasb ]änbp Å t»mKv hnhc§fpw SokdpIfpsS bpw ]m«pIfpsSbpw kzoImcyXbpw tiJ-cn¡pw. ]n¶oSv CâÀs\än \n ¶v tiJcn¡p¶ hnhc§Ä hnhn[ tkm^vävshbdnsâ klmbt¯msS hniIe\w sNbvXv tdänwKv \S¯p¶p. Smtcm ImÀUv, lm¸n-s\kv ImÀUv F¶o c≠­vHm]vj-\p-I-fmWv Ch-cpsS B¹n-t¡-j-\n-ep-Å-Xv. ""CXp-hsc {] h-Nn-¨-Xn 85 iX-am-\hpw IrXy-am-bncp-¶p. Hmtcm hyànbpsSbpw CjvSm-\njvS-§Ä hyXy-kvX-am-bn-cn¡pw. AXn-\m  Xs¶ Hcp kn\n-a-sb-¡p-dn-¨pÅ ] e-cp-tSbpw A`n-{]mbw hyXy-kvXam-bncn-¡pw. DZm-l-c-W-¯n\v B£³ Nn{Xw CjvS-s¸-Sp¶ Hcp hyàn kn\n-abv¡v 5  4 amÀ¡v sImSp-¯p F¶p Icp-Xp-I. AtXkabw Hcp sdmamânIv Nn{X-¯n\v 5 2 amÀ¡m-bn-cn¡pw B hyàn \ ÂIp-¶-Xv. AXn-\m Xs¶ t{]£-IcpsS kwXr]vXn hyXym-k-s¸-«n-cn-¡pw. aqhn Smtcm D]-tbm-Kn¨v CXv icn-bmbn Is≠¯m³ km[n-¡p¶p,'' No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«nhv Hm^o-kÀ tPm¬ amXyp ]d-bp-¶p. Bcm-[-IÀ¡v h³ {]Xo-£-IÄ \ ÂInb­m-bn-cp¶p aq¶v hÀjsaSp¯v jq«nwKv ]qÀ¯nbm¡nb BanÀ Jm³ Nn{Xw Xemjv t_mIvkv Hm^okn F¯nbXv. F¶m Nn{Xw t_mIvkv Hm^okn ]cmPbs¸Spsa¶v aqhn Smtcm {]hNn¨p. aqhn SmtcmbpsS BZy {]hN\w ^en¨p. Xemjv {]Xo-£n¨ hnPbw ssIh-cn-¨n-Ã. Iaelmksâ "hnizcq]v' lnµn ]Xn¸v BZy BgvNbn Ggv tImSn t\Spsa¶mbncp¶p aqhn SmtcmbpsS {]hN\w. hne¡pIsf XIÀ¯v Ggv tImSnbne-[nIw cq] Nn{Xw t\Sn. ssIt]mt¨bpsS dneo-kn-w

tPmk^v _m_p, sIhn {io\m-Yv, s_¶n tkhyÀ, _nt\mbv tPmk^v F¶n-h-cmWv aqhn Smtcmbv¡p ]n¶nse AWn-bd {] hÀ¯-IÀ. tPm¬ amXyp (No^v FIvkn-Iyq«ohv Hm^o-kÀ), \ocPv at\m-l-c³ (No^v Hm¸-td-änwKv Hm^o-kÀ), sIhn {io\m-Yv (No^v sSIvt\m-fPn Hm^o-kÀ), s_¶n tkhyÀ (No^v C³^Àta-j³ Hm^o-kÀ) F¶n-hÀ IS-bn-cp¸v {io \mcm-bW F³Pn\o-b-dnwKv tImsf-PnÂ\n¶mWv ]T\w ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n-b-Xv. tPmk^v _m_p (Ubd-IvSÀ, _nkn-\kv Bâ v amÀ¡-änwKv) cmP-Kncn kv¡qÄ Hm^v F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv tImsf-Pn \n¶pw _nt\mbv tPmk^v (No^v ^n\m³jy Hm^o-kÀ) BZn-i-¦c C³Ìn-äyq«v Hm^v F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv tImsfPn \n¶p-amWv ]T\w ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n-b-Xv.

Knsâ BZy-hmcw 18 tImSn cq] t\Spsa-¶v aqhn Smtcm {]h-Nn¨-t¸mÄ 18.1 tImSn ssIt]m-t¨bv¡v t\Sm-\m-bn. tdkv 2, C³ImÀ, ssIt]m t¨, Sznsseäv, {Sm³kvt^mÀtagvkv kocokv, sdUv ssh³ XpS§n \nch [n Nn{X§fpsS `mhn-sb-Ip-dn¨v aqhn Smtcm \S¯nb {]hN\§fpw Gäp. \ne-hn- B³t{Um-bnUv samss_-epI-fn-emWv aqhn Smtcm D]-tbm-Kn-¡m\m-hp-I. »m¡vs_-dn-bpsS ]pXnb tamU-emb »mIvs_dn 10þse B¹nt¡-j³ t{iWn-bn-te¡v Smtcm-sb Xnc-sª-Sp-¯n-cp-¶p. aqhn Smtcm \ne-hn h¶v A©p-Zn-h-k-¯n-\ Iw Xs¶ 2000 t]cmWv Cu B¹nt¡-j³ Uu¬temUv sNbvX-Xv.

15


kwcw-`-IXzw

2

A\mhiy Credit sImSp¡pt¼mÄ: hn¸\ IqSp¶Xn\pth≠n ]et¸mgpw kwcw`IÀ ISambn hn¸\ \S¯pw. hn¸\ IqSpsa¶Xv Nnet¸mÄ icnbmbncn¡mw. F¶m Dt±in¨ coXnbn hm§p¶hÀ t]bvsaâ v \S¯nbnsæn Cash Crisis

hcpw. DZmlcWambn Xmsg ]dbp¶ coXnbnemWv {]hÀ¯\aqe[\w IW¡m¡nbXv. AkwkvIrX hkvXp¡fpsS tÌm¡v = 10 Znhkw D¸¶¯nsâ tÌm¡v = 5 Znhkw s{IUnÁv (ISw) = 15 Znhkw BsI = 30 Znhkw

ChnsS ISambn hnäXnsâ ]Ww 15 Znhk¯n\Iw In«psa¶mWv IW¡m¡nbXv. 15 Znhk¯n\p ]Icw AXv 30 Znhkambn. Ime{ItaW Cash Crisis hcpw. _nkn\ kvv IqSp¶Xn\mbncn¡pw ]et¸mgpw ISwsImSp¡p¶Xv. ]t£ AXv thsdmcp {] XnkÔnbnte¡v _nkn\Êns\ sIm≠psNs¶¯n¡pw.

hn Fkv kpIpamc³ F³{S{]WÀjn¸v sUhe]vsaâ vC³kvänäyq«v Hm^v C´ybnse ^m¡-Âän-bmWv teJ-I³. CþsabnÂ: vssukumaran@ediindia.org

ash Crisis. p {]XnkÔnbmWv C amk¯n\Iw mc Á as e ns k n\ 45 _nk v XpS§nIgnªm km[mcW _nkn\kXbmWnXv. F§s\bmWv Cash Crisis ImWp¶ Hcp {]hWv t\m¡mw. ssZ\wZn\ Bhiy¯n\pÅ kw`hn¡p¶Xv F¶ cp¶Xns\bmWv Cash Crisis F¶v ] ]Ww D≠mImsX h vX ImcW§Ä sIm≠v hcmw. {][m\ ... dbp¶Xv. CXv hyXyk s¡-sb¶v t\m¡mw Imc-W-§Ä GsXm-

1

{]hÀ¯\ aqe[\w Øncw aqe[\¯n\mbn D]tbmKn¡pI:t{]mPIvSv dnt¸mÀ«v D≠m¡pt¼mÄ {]hÀ¯\ aqe[\¯n\pw Øncaqe[\¯n\pw {]tXyI ^≠pIÄ I≠ncn¡pw. F¶m Nnet¸mÄ Dt±in¨Xn IqSpX hne sajn\dn¡v h¶t¸mÄ B XpI {]hÀ¯\aqe\[¯n\pw FSp¡pw. DZmlcWambn s{]mPIvSv tImkvÁv Xmsg ]dbp¶ hn[ambncn¡pw

Øncw aqe[\w= 8 e£w {]hÀ¯\aqe[\w= 4 e£w BsI= 12 e£w

F¶m t{]mPIvSv {]mhÀ¯nIamhpt¼mÄ sajn\dn¡pw aäp Bhiy¯n \pambn 9 e£w cq]bmbn. A§s\ hcpt¼mÄ {]hÀ¯\aqe[\¯n\v 3 e£w cq]tb Ahntijn¡pIbpÅq. CXv aqew D¸mZ\w XpS§pt¼mÄ Bhiy¯n\p {]hÀ¯\aqe[\w CÃmsX hcpw.

16

3

_nkn\knsâ XpS¡¯n aäp ]e{]iv\§fpw ImcWw KpW\nehmcapÅ D¸¶§Ä D¸mZn¸n¡m³ IgnbmsXhcnI. {]Xo£n¨Xnepw IqSpX D≠m¡pI. C§s\sbÃmw kw`hn¡pt¼mÄ A\mhiysNe hpIÄ D≠mIp¶p. CXv _nkn\Ênse Iymjns\ _m[n¡pw. C\n Iymjv ss{Iknkv F§s\ ]cnlcn¡msa¶v t\m¡mw. t{]mPIvSv dnt¸mÀ«v D≠m¡pt¼mÄ Escalation & Contingency¡v th≠n Ipd¨p ]Ww \o¡nsh¡pI. CXv sajn\dn hnebn hcp¶ A[nIhne hyXymkw ]cnlcn¡p¶Xn\v klm-bn-¡pw. {]hÀ¯\aqe[\¯n \n¶v XpI FSpt¡≠nhcnIbnÃ. {]hÀ¯\aqe[\w IW¡m¡nbn«pÅXpt]mse tÌm¡pw IShpw \nb{´n ¡pI. _nkn\kv Iq«p¶Xn\v th≠n Dt±in¨Xn IqSpX ISw sImSp¡mXn cn¡m³ {i²n¡pI. em`ap≠mbmepw Iymjv Cà F¦n _nkn\kn\v {] XnkÔnbp≠mIpw. Ignbp¶Xpw KpW\nehmcaqÅ D¸¶§Ä D¸mZn¸n¡pI. shbvÌv Ipdbv¡pI. A§s\ hcpt¼mÄ A[nIsNehv Ipdbv¡phm³ km[n¡pw. _nkn\kn Iymjv Hcp {][m\ LSIamWv. Bhiy¯n\v ]Wansæn _nkn\kn\v £oWw kw`hn¡pw. Xm§mhp¶Xn\¸pdamWv £oWsa¦n \ne\n¡m\mhnÃ.


""]cm-P-b-sa-¶Xv hn{i-an-¡m-\p-ff Hcp thf t]mse-bm-Wv. IqSp-XÂ _p²n-]-cambn kwcw`w ho≠pw XpS-§m-\p-ff Ah-k-c-am-W-Xv,'' sl{ân t^mUv

BZy kwcw`w ]cm-P-b-s¸-«n«pw Xncn-¨p-h¶ temI-¯nse Nne {]apJ kwcw-`-IÀ: Ìohv tPm_vkv, sl{ân t^mUv, dn¨mUv {_m³k¬, _n tKävkv, hmÄ«v Unkv\n, F³ BÀ \mcm-b-W-aqÀ¯n...

_nkn-\kv XpS§n ]cm-P-b-s¸-«m ]ns¶ Ahsâ PohnXw Ah-km-\n-s¨¶ a«n-ep-ff A]-Iz-amb ImgvN-¸m-Snsâ krjvSn-bmWv Cu tXmÂhn `bw. ÌmÀ«v-A¸v kwcw-`-§fpsS Hcp ]pXnb hn¹-h-¯n\v tIc-f-apĸsS-bp-ff kwØm-\-§-fn \mµn Ipdn-s¨¦nepw C¶pw tIc-f-¯nse A½-amÀ¡pw AѳamÀ¡pw kplr-¯p-¡Ä¡p-sam¶pw ÌmÀ«vA¸p-I-fpsS aqeyw a\-Ên-embn«nÃ. ]c-¼-cm-K-X-ambn \mw ]peÀ¯n-t¸m-cp¶ tXmÂhn-tbm-Sp-ff kao-]-\-amWv CXnsâ {] [m\ Imc-Ww. ""]cm-P-bs¯ AwKo-Icn-¡m¯ Xc-¯nep-ff at\m-`m-h-amWv \½psS kaq-l-¯n \ne-\n¡p-¶-Xv. kwcw-`-IXzw hf-c-W-sa¦n ]cm-P-bs¯ AwKo-I-cn-¡-Ww. C´ybnse Gähpw hnP-bn¨ _nkn-\kv kaq-lamb amÀhm-Un-Isf \mw amXr-I-bm-¡-Ww. AhÀ a¡Ä¡v IÃym-W-am-tem-Nn-¡p-t¼mÄ sNdp-¡³ F{X XhW kwcw`w XpS§n ] cm-P-b-s¸-«n-«p-s≠-¶mWv At\z-jn-¡p-I,'' {] apJ km¼-¯nI hnZ-Kv[\pw tIcf apJy-a-{´n-bpsS km¼-¯nI D]-tZ-jvSm-hpamb jm^n ta¯À ]d-bp-¶p. kwcw-`-I-cmIm-³ Xm¸-cy-s¸«v hcp¶ ]e-bp-hm-¡fpw BZys¯ ÌmÀ«v-A¸v ]cm-P-b-s¸-Sp-¶tXmSv IqSn _nkn-\kv Ah-km-\n-¸n-¡p¶

tXmÂhn:

]Tn¡m\pÅ Ah-kcw Zn]n³ Zmtam-Zc-- ³

sF sFSn UÂln-bnse ] T-\saÃmw Ignªv kz´-ambn CþsIm-tagvkv I¼\n Bcw-`n-¡m³ t]mIp-¶p-sh¶v Xriq-cp-Im-c-\mb AÀPp³ Zmkv amXm-]n-Xm-¡-tfm-Sv ]d-ª-t¸mÄ Ah-scm¶v sR«n. tI{µ-kÀ¡mÀ Poh-\-¡m-c-\mb AÑ\pw ho«-½-bmb A½bv¡pw AXv Xosc-b§v t_m[n-¨n-sÃ-¶v am{X-aÃ, aI³ henb Ft´m A]-cm[w sNbvX- a«m-bn-cp¶p AhÀ¡v. aIs\ sFsF-Sn-bn hn«v ]Tn-¸n-¨Xv Xs¶ tImÀ¸tdäv temIt¯m D¶X kÀ¡mÀ kÀho-kntem "sh skänÂUv' Bb Hcp tPmen ap¶n¡≠m-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m aI³ Ah-cpsS {]Xo-£-IÄ sXän-¡p¶p-sh-¶-Xn-t\-¡mfpw Ahsâ `mhn PohnXw kpc-£n-X-am-Ip-tamsb¶ DXvI-WvT-bmWv kwcw-`sa¶ "Ccp-«Sn' AhÀ¡v \ÂInb-Xv. kwcw-`-I-\m-bn-t¸m-bm \¶m-bn-t¸m-In-sö ]c-¼-cm-K-Xhnizm-k-amWv AÀPpsâ amXm-]nXm-¡sf Ahsâ kz]v\-§Ä¡v hgn-ap-S-¡n-bm-¡n-b-Xv. Ahsâ Aѳ _nkn-\kv IpSpw-_-¯n \n¶p-f-f-bm-fm-sW-¦nepw _nkn\-Ên sNdnb Xncn-¨Sn t\ cn-«-t¸m-tg¡v At±lw AXv aXnbm¡n kÀ¡mÀ tPmen icWw

{]m]n-¨p. ImcWw AXv "tk^v' BW-tÃm. _nkn-\kv ]cm-P-bs¸-Sp-tam-sb¶ `b-amWv Abmsf Ae-«n-bn-cp-¶-Xv, Ct¸mgpw Ae-«p¶-Xv. CXn A¸w Imcy-ap-s≠¦nepw ]cm-P-b-t¯m-Sp-ff \½psS kao-]-\-¯nsâ {]iv\-am-Wn-sX-¶XmWv bmYmÀ°yw. Hcn-¡Â Hcp

tXm¡m³ ss[cyw ImWn-¡q...hn-Pbw \n§sf ]n´p-S-cpw. tXmÂhn t\cn« kwcw-`-IÀ HmÀ¯n-cn-t¡≠Xv: 1. tXmÂhnsb AwKo-I-cn-¡p-I. asämcp kwcw`w XpS-§p-¶-Xn-\p-ff XS-Ê-ambn B tXmÂhn amdp¶ kml-Ncyw Hgn-hm-¡pI 2. ]pXn-b-Xmbn Fs´-¦nepw ]co-£n¡p-¶-Xns\ Ipdn¨v Nn´n-¡pI 3. tXmÂhn t\cn-s«¶v IcpXn aäp-f-f-hcp-ambn an≠m-Xn-cn-¡p-I-tbm, s]mXp-bn-S-§fn t]mIm-Xn-cn-¡p-Itbm sN¿-cpXv 4. \n§Ä kz´-ambn Fs´-¦nepw XpS-§m³ ss[cyw ImWn-¨tÃm F¶-Xn A`n-am-\n-¡pI 5. \n§-fpsS ]cm-P-b-¯n\v aäp-f-f-hsc ]gn-Nm-cm-Xn-cn-¡pI 6. ]cm-P-b-s¸« \n§-fpsS kwcw-`s¯ Ipdn¨v ASp-¯-dn-bm-hp-¶-h-tcmSv ]d-bpI 7. kwcw-`-I-Xz-¯n ]cm-P-b-s¸-Sp-¶Xv hyàn-Po-hn-X-¯nse ]cm-P-b-ambn sXän²-cn-¡-cp-Xv. ASp¯ kwcw`w XpS-§p-¶-Xn\p-ff ]mT-ambn ]cm-P-bs¯ D]-tbm-K-s¸Sp-¯pI

{]h-WX iàn-s¸«ph-cp-¶p-≠v. am{X-aà tXmÂhn `b¶v Xm¸-cy-ap-f-f-hÀ kwcw-`I-Xz-t¯mSv t\m ]d-bp¶ kml-N-cy-hp-ap≠v. ""Rm³ \nt¶mSv At¸mtg ]d-ªn-tÃ, shdpsX _nkn-\-sÊm¶pw XpS-§m³ Xp\nb≠msb-¶v, F¶n«v Ct¸m-sg-´mbn, tXmäv sXm¸n-bn-«n-tÃ,'' BZy kwcw`w s]m «nb ]e bph-kw-cw-`-IÀ¡pw tIÄt¡≠n hcp¶ Øncw tNmZyam-Wn-Xv. CXv tIÄ¡p¶-tXmsS At¿m, C\n _nkn-\-Ên-te-¡ntà F¶v ]dªv Ah³ kwcw-`I Pohn-X-¯n\v ^pÄtÌm]v CSpw. F¶m Ata-cn¡ t]m ep-ff cmPy-§-fn kwcw-`-§Ä ]cm-P-b-s¸Sp-¶Xv Hcm-fpsS Pohn-X-¯nse »m¡vamÀ¡v Bbn ImWp¶ at\m-`m-h-aà ]peÀ¯p-¶-Xv. C´y-bnepw Cu at\m-`mhw amtd≠ kmlNcyw AXn-{I-an-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. C¶v temI-a-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ {]apJ kwcw-`-Icn ]ecpw XpS-¡-¯nse Xncn-¨-Sn-I-fn \n¶v ]X-dmsX DbnÀs¯-gp-t\-ä-h-cm-Wv. 22 HmkvImÀ AhmÀUp-IÄ t\Snb hmÄ«v Unkv\n-sb¶ aoUnb km{am-Py- A[n-]sâ BZy kwcw`w ]m¸-cmbn t]mIp-I-bm-bn-cps¶¶v ]d-ªm \½psS AÑ-\-½-amÀ Hcp] t£, BÝ-cy-s¸-t«-¡mw. Unkv\n BZy-amcw-`n¨ Laugh-O-Gram F¶ A\n-ta-j³ I¼\n F«p-\n-e-bn s]m«n-b-t¸mÄ At±lw ]n³am-dn-bn-cp-s¶-¦nÂ, temIs¯ Gähpw henb aoUnb sIm¬t¥m-a-tdäv hmÄ«v Unkv\n ]nd-¡n-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. kam\ A\p-`hw Xs¶-bmWv ssat{Im-tkm^väv Øm]-I-\mb _nkn-\kv CXn-lmkw _n tKävkntâXpw. c≠v kplr-¯p-¡-fp-ambn tNÀ¶v 1972 _n tKävkv Traf-O-Data F¶ tdmUv {Sm^n¡v A\m-en-knkv \S-¯p¶ kwcw-`¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn-s¨-¦nepw D]-t`m-àm¡sf In«m-¯-Xn-\m kwcw-`-¯n\v Nc-a¡p-dn-s¸-gp-Xn-bXv hfsc s]s«-¶m-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m _n tKävkv ]n³am-dn-bn-Ã...C¶v At±lw FhnsS-sb-¯n-sb-¶Xv Ncn{X-¯nsâ `mK-ambn XoÀ¶p. C¯-c-¯nep-ff A\p-`-h-§Ä Xs¶-bmWv C³t^mknkv kl-Øm-]-I³ F³ BÀ \mcm-bW aqÀ¯n¡pw hnÀPn³ {Kq¸v Øm]-I³ dn¨mÀUv {_m³k-Wp-saÃmw ]d-bm-\p-f-f-Xv. Ch-scm¶pw BZy kwcw`w ]cm-P-b-s¸-«t¸m-tg¡pw tXmäv ]n³am-dn-bn-sÃ-¦n ]ns¶ \½psS bphm-¡Ä F´n\v tXmÂhnsb `b¡-Ww. hnP-bn¨ kwcw-`-I-cpsS A\p-`-h-I-Y-IÄ IqSp-X amXm-]n-Xm-¡-fn-se-¯n-s¨-¦nte Cu tXmÂhn `b-sa¶ tcmKs¯ kaq-l-¯n \n¶v XpS-¨p-\o-¡m³ km[n-¡q. kwcw-`-IXzs¯ t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡p¶ ssS, knsFsF t]mep-ff Øm]-\-§Ä¡pw kÀ¡m-cn-\psaÃmw AXn IrXy-amb ]¦p-h-ln-¡m-\p-≠v.

m-hp¶ n-¨p- hm-§ ¨-®-bpsS k z i n h n-s pw GhÀ¡ AKvamÀ¡v shf n À kl-Imc DXv]m-Z-I

17


S T A R T U P

kwcw-`-IXzw

F U N D I N G

icnb am\-Z-WvU-§Ä¡-\p-kr-Xambn {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ sNdp-In-S, CS-¯cw kwcw-`-§Ä¡pw ÌmÀ«vA-¸p-IÄ¡pw Gsd {]tbm-P-\-s¸Sp-¶-XmWv tNcam³ ^n\m³jy- kÀho-k-knsâ tNcam³ sh©zÀ Iym¸n-ä ^≠v

k am-´-c- \n-t£] ^≠v F¶ \n e-bn tIcfw tI{µo-I-cn-¨pÅ tN-

cam³ ^≠n\v ASp-¯nsS sk_n-bpsS AwKo-Imcw e`n-¨Xv hfÀ¨m-km-[y-XbpÅ kwcw-`-§Ä¡v ]p¯³ {]Xo-£tb-Ip-¶p. 250 tImSn cq]-bpsS ss{]häv CIznän {]hÀ¯-\-§-fmWv CXneqsS e£y-an-Sp-¶Xv. tkh\, D¸m-Z\ taJ-e-I-sf-bmWv ^≠v {][m-\-ambpw e£yw hbv¡p-¶-Xv. tIc-f-kw-Øm\ hnI-k\ tImÀ¸-td-jtâbpw tIc-f¯nepw KÄ^v cmPy-§-fnepw DÅ {] apJ ae-bmfn _nkn-\-kp-Im-cp-tSbpw kl-I-c-W-t¯msS {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶ tNc-am³ ^n\m³jy kÀhokkv enanäUv BWv ^≠vv kvt]m¬kÀ sN¿p¶-Xv. ]pXnb kwcw-`-IÀ¡v Bh-iy-amb aqe-[\w e`y-am-¡pI F¶-XmWv Cu sh©zÀ Iym]n-ä ^≠v sIm≠v {][m\-ambpw Dt±-in-¡p-¶Xv. XnI¨pw aqey-m [n-jvTn-X-amb coXn-bn-epÅ hym]m-chpw hmWn-Pyhpw hyh-km-bhpw t{]mÕm-ln¸n-¡pI F¶-XmWv e£yw. CÉm-anIv icnb¯v XXz-§Ä¡v A\p-kr-Xam-bn-«pÅ Imcy-§Ä¡v am{Xta ^≠v \nt£]w \S-¯pIbpÅq. AXm-bXv kn-\n-a, aZyw, NqXpI-fn, aäp hnt\m-tZm]m-[n-IÄ, ]-S-¡ -\nÀ-½m-Wim-e F¶n-h-bn-sem¶pw ^≠v \nt£]w \S-¯nÃ. B-tcm-KycwKw, Sq-dnkw, `-t£ymÂ-¸m-Z\w, sF-Sn, a-äp hyh-km-b-§Ä, Xp-S-§nb-h-bmWv \n-t£-]w \-S-¯m³ D-tZ-in-¡p¶ cwK§-Ä. enÌv sN¿-s¸-Sm¯ DbÀ¶ hfÀ¨m-km-[y-X-bpÅ I¼-\n-I-fn-emWv {][m-\-ambpw ^≠v D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯p-I. KÄ^v cmPy-§-fnepw tIc-f-¯nep-apÅ \nt£-]-I-cpsS XpIbpw s{]m tam-«ÀamÀ AYhm Ub-d-IvSÀam-cpsS XpI-bp-amWv tNc-am³ {]oanbw ^≠n se \nt£-]- Xp-I. sh©zÀ Iym]n-ä ^≠nsâ BsI XpI 250-tIm-Sn- cq]bmWv. CXnsâ BZy t¢mknwKv 63tImSn cq]-bm-Wv. \nÀ±njvS C³-sh-kv-äv-saâ v B-â v am-\p-^m-Iv-N-dnw-Kv tkm¬ (]m-e-¡m-Sv, Xr-iqÀ, F-d-Wm-Ip-fw PnÃ-I-fn-em-bn hym-]n-¨p-In-S-¡p¶XmWv Cu ]²Xn), ]p-Xn-b-Xm-bp-Å sF-Sn ]mÀ-¡p-IÄ, kvs]-jy C-¡-tWm-an-Iv tkm¬, www.coconutboard.gov.in

In³-{^m-]mÀ-¡v Xp-S-§n-b ]²-Xn-I-fn \n-t£-]w \-S-¯p-¶-hÀ-¡v ^≠v D-]-Icn¡pw. kwØm-\ kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ tI-c-f F³{S-{]-WÀ-jn-¸v an-j\pw ^≠v Icp¯p-]-Icpw. tIc-f-¯n ASp-¯nsS \nc-h[n ÌmÀ«vA¸p-IÄ DbÀ¶p-h-¶n«p-≠v. C¯-c-¯n ]pXn-b-Xmbn hcp¶ ÌmÀ«vA-¸p-IÄ¡v Gsd {]tbm-P-\-I-camWv tNc-am³ ^≠v. tZi-kmÂIrX _m¦p-Ifn \n¶pw sjUyqÄUv _m ¦p-Ifn \n¶p-saÃmw km[m-cW kwcw`-IÀ¡v Ffp-¸-¯n tem¬ In«m¯ kml-N-cy-amWv \nehnep-Å-Xv. A¯c-samcp kml-N-cy-¯n anI¨ kwcw`-IXz Bi-b-hp-ambn hcp-¶-hÀ¡v henb Xm§mbn `hn-¡p-¶- H¶mWv Cu sh©zÀ Iym]n-än ^≠v. ""CXn-sâ B-sI Xp-I 250 tIm-Sn- cq]bmWv. C-Xnsâ C-\o-jy t¢m-knw-Kv \-S-¯p-¶-Xv 63 tIm-Sn cq] sIm-≠mWv. Hcp tImSn cq]-bmWv Hcp hyàn¡v \nt£-]n-¡m-hp¶ an\naw bqWn-äv. CXv aqt¶m \mtem t]À¡v tNÀ¶v Hcp bqWn-ämbn \nt£-]n-¡mw. Hcp tImSn cq]-bpsS 40- i-X-am-\-amWv BZy t¢mknw-Kn \nt£-]-¯p-I-bmbn Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. AXm-bXv 40 -e£w cq]. AXv \mept]À tNÀ¶v FSp-¡pI-bm-sW-¦nÂ, HcmÄ¡v 10 e£w cq] bps≠-¦n \nt£]w \S¯mw. Cu sh©zÀ Iym-]n-ä ^≠-p-]-tbm-Kn-¨v kw-Øm-\¯vv aq-eym-[n-jvTn-X-am-bn-«p-Å {]-hÀ¯-\w \-S-¯p-¶ Øm-]-\-§Ä-¡v th-≠p-¶ aq-e[-\w e-`y-am-¡n sIm-Sp¡pI F-¶-Xm-Wv e£yw. Ahcn \n¶v Xn-cn-¨v e-`n-¡p¶-Xv Un-hn-Uâ v BWv. B Un-hn-Uâm-Wv sh©zÀ Iym-]n-ä ^-≠n-sâ Xp-I-bm-bn am-dp-¶Xv. A§-s\ e-`n-¡p-¶ Xp-I Øm-]-\hpw \n-t£-]-Icpw ]-¦psh¡p-¶p F-¶p am-{Xw. A-hnsS ]-en-i-bp-sStbm A-Uzm³-kntâtbm temWnsâtbm Unt¸m-kn-än-tâtbm {] iv\w DZn-¡p-¶n-Ã. s{]mtam-«À-amÀ AYhm U-b-d-ÎÀ-am-cp-sS \n-t£-]w Im-cyambp≠m-Ipw. hy-hkm-b {]-ap-J-À FÃmhcpw U-b-d-ÎÀ-am-cm-bn D-ÅXp-sIm-≠v A-Xn \n¶pw e`n¡p-¶ B-ß-hn-izm-kam-Wv km-[m-c-W \nt£-]I-sc kw-_Ôn-¨v {]-tNm-Z-\-am-Ip-¶-X,v'' tNc-am³ ^n\m³jy kÀho-kkv enan-

äUv FwUn F ]n Fw apl-½Zv l\ojv ]d-bp-¶p. ""]²-Xn-bnÂ\n¶pw {]-Xo£n-¡p-¶ icm-icn BZmbw 20 i-X-am-\-¯n\v ap-I-fn-em-bncn-¡pw. icn-b am-\-Z-Þ-§Ä A\p-k-cn-¨p-ff kwcw-`-§Ä¡v am{Xw \nt£]w \ÂIp¶ sh©z-À Iym-]n-ä ^≠v C´y-bn A]qÀÆ-am-bncn-¡pw. ^≠v \nt£-]napl-½Zv ¡p¶ hnhn[ kwcw-`-§-fn \n¶pw e`n-¡p¶ B-Zm-b-am-Wv R-§Ä \n-t£-]-I-cp-am-bn ]-¦p-sh¡p-¶Xv. s]m-Xp-taJ-em _m-¦p-Ifpw kz-Im-cy -_m-¦p-Ifpw hnizmkw h-cm-sX BÀ¡pw tem¬ \Â-Ip-I-bnÃ. C-hn-sS tem-Wà \ÂIp-¶-Xv. hy-Xykv-X ta-J-eI-fn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶ sIm-¨p sIm-¨p kw-cw-`-§-fn R§Ä \n-t£-]w \S-¯pIbmWv sN¿p-¶Xv. sa-bv amkw 31\p-ap-¼m-bn B-Zy-s¯ t¢mknw-Kv I-½n-ävsaâ v e-`n-¡pw. U-b-d-I-vSÀ-amcpw

\n-t£-]-Icpw tNÀ¶p-sIm≠m-Wv C-Xv k-am-l-cn-¡p-¶Xv. A-Xn-sâ 40% A-Xm-b-Xv 25 tIm-Sn cq] Iym-jv B-bn hm§p-¶p. C-Xm-Wv B-Zy-s¯ C³-sh-Ìv-saân-\v R§Ä D-]tbm-Kn-¡p-¶Xv. A-Xv Ht¶m ct≠m Øm-]-\-§-fn \nt£-]n-¨-ti-jw sa-sà U-h-e]v- sN-¿pw. aqt¶m l\ojv \mtem sImÃw sIm-≠v 250tIm-Sn Xn-I-bv-¡mw,'' apl-½Zv l\ojv ]d-bp-¶p. tUm ]n apl-½-Zen sNbÀam\pw kn sI tamt\m³ sshkv sNbÀ am\pw Bbn-«pÅ tNc-am³ ^n\m³jy kÀÆokkv enan-ä-Un ]nF³kn tamt\m³, ]nF C{_mlnw lmPn, ]nhn A_vZpÄ hlm-_v, Sn _me-Ir-jvW³, ]n kn±nJv Al-½-Zv, ]n sI Al-½-Zv, C Fw \Po_v XpS§nb hyh-kmb {]ap-J-À Ub-d-IvSÀ t_mÀUv AwK-§fmWv.

One nation One drink www.coconutboard.gov.in

18


kt´m-j-hm-\m-bn-cn¡pw F-¶v {]-Xn-Ú-sb-Sp¡pI S

A-\-´am-b Im-e-¯n-s\ \n-§-fp-sS Po-hn-X-hp-am-bn Xm-c-X-ay-s¸-Sp-¯p-I. C-Xn\-Iw Z-i-e-£-¡-W-¡n-\v hÀ-j§Ä I-gn-ªp-t]mbn. C-\nbpw F{Xtbm hÀ-j-§Ä h-cm-\n-cn-¡p¶p. B Im-e-¯n-sâ H-gp-¡n \n-§-fp-sS 70-þ80 hÀj-s¯ B-bp-Ên-\v F-{X {]m-[m-\y-ap≠v?

Guruji peaks

`m -hn-bn H-cp Znh-kw h-cm-\n-cn¡p-¶ k-t´m-j-¯n-\m-bm-Wv \mw Cu

Po-hn-Xw ap-gp-h³ I-ã-s¸-Sp-¶Xv. cm{Xn ap-gp-h³ In-S-¡ H-cp-¡n D-d-§m³ ka-bw In-«n-bnà F-¶v ]-dbpw t]m-se-bm-WnXv. AXp-sIm≠v, C-¶pX-s¶ H-cp Xo-cp-am-\sa-Sp-¡p-I. ""F-´pX-s¶ kw-`-hn-¨mepw Rm³ k-am-[m-\w ssI-hn-SnÃ. ssZ-h-¯nsâ kw-c£-Whebw F-\n-¡v Npäp-sat¸m-gp-ap≠v F-¶ hn-izm-kw D-d-¸n-¡p-I. AXp-t]m-se G-X-h-k-c-s¯bpw Rm³ k-a-\n-e-bn ImWpw F¶pw Xo-cp-am\n-¡p-I.'' Po-hnX-s¯ c-≠p-X-c-¯n t\m-¡n-¡m-Wp-¶-h-cp-≠v. H-cp e-£y¯n-\m-bn {]-b-Xv-\n-¡p-I-bpw, e-£y-¯nse-¯n-t¨À-¶m k-t´m-jn-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶ H-cp-Iq-«À. F-s´ms¡ kw`-hn-¨mepw Rm³ k-t´m-j-hm-\m-bncn-¡pw F-¶v Nn-´n-¡p-¶ c-≠ma-s¯ hn-`mKw. D-Ån B\-µw A-\p-`-hn-¡p-¶ k-a-b-¯p-am-{X-ta \mw bYmÀ-°-am-bn Po-hn-¡p-¶pÅp. A-Xv an-\n-«p-I-fm-bmepw a-Wn-¡q-dp-I-fm-bm-epw! AXp-sIm-≠v F-´p-h-¶mepw Rm³ k-´m-j-hm-\m-bncn¡pw F-¶v {]-Xn-Ú-sb-Sp-¡p-I. {l-kzam-b Po-hn-X-s¯-¡p-dn-t¨mÀ¡pI A-\-´am-b Im-e-¯n-s\ \n-§-fp-sS Po-hn-X-hp-am-bn Xm-c-X-ay-s¸-Sp-¯p-I. CXn\-Iw Z-i-e-£-¡-W-¡n-\v hÀ-j-§Ä I-gn-ªp-t]mbn. C-\nbpw F-{Xtbm hÀj-§Ä h-cm-\n-cn-¡p¶p. B Im-e-¯n-sâ H-gp-¡n \n-§-fp-sS 70-þ80 hÀj-s¯ B-bp-Ên-\v F-{X {]m-[m-\y-ap≠v? k-ap{Z-¯n-se shdp-sam-cp XpÅn-t]m-se-bmWXv. iq-\ym-Im-i-hp-am-bn Xm-c-X-ay-s¸-Sp¯nbmtem, \n-§Ä-¡v A-kvXnXzw t]m-ep-ap-≠m-InÃ. Cu Xn-cn-¨-dn-hv \n-§fn-se A-l-¦mc-s¯ CÃm-Xm-¡pw. \n-§fp-sS A-kvXn-Xz-s¯-¡p-dn-¨p-Å Xn-cn-¨-dnhnÃm-bv-a-bm-Wv A-l-¦mcw. Rm-\m-cmWv? Rm³ Cu `q-an-bn F-´n-\m-Wv h-¶Xv? F-sâ B-bp-sÊ-{X-bm-Wv? C-h-sb-¡p-dn¨p-Å A-h-t_m-[w a-\-Ên D-WÀ-¶m sNdn-b sNdn-b Im-cy-§Ä \n§-sf Atem-k-c-s¸-Sp-¯pIbnÃ. \nÊm-c Im-cy§Ä \n-§-fn \n¶pw A-I¶p-t]m-Ipw. Po-hn-X-¯n Hmtcm \n-an-jhpw \n-§Ä¡v Po-hn-¡m-\m-Ipw B-\-µn-¡m-\m-Ipw.

tZjyw aq-ey-h-¯m-¡p-I! cm-hn-se F-gp-t¶-äv I-®m-Sn-bn t\m-¡n kz-bw ]p-©n-cn¡q. ]p-©n-cn-¡pt¼mÄ apJ-s¯ a-kn-ep-I-sfÃmw hn-{i-an¡p¶p. X-e-t¨m-dn-\v hn-{i-aw e-`n-¡p¶p. B-ß-hn-izm-k-hpw ss[-cyhpw DuÀ-Ö hpw \n-§-fn ]-I-cm³ ]p-©n-cn k-lmbn-¡pw. H-cp hy-àn-¡v tZ-jy-s¸-Sm³ H-cp Im-c-Whpw th-W-sa-¶nÃ. hn-e Ip-d-ª H-cp h-kv-Xp-hn-s\-t¸m-se A-sX-Sp-¯v D-]tbm-Kn-¡p¶p. a-dn¨v, hn-e-]n-Sn-¨ F-t´m h-kvXp-t]m-se hf-sc ZpÀ-e-`-am-bn ]p-©ncn-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p¶p. A-dn-hnÃ-m-bv-a-bn tZjyw hn-e-Ip-d-ª h-kv-Xp-hmbpw ]p©n-cn hn-e IqSn-b h-kv-Xp-hmbpw I-cpXp¶p. F-¶m kq-cy-{]-Im-iw t]mse, P-ew t]mse, hmbp-t]m-se kp-e-`am-b H-¶m-Wv ]p-©ncn. tZjyw h{Pw t]m-se hn-e-]n-Sn-¨-Xpw. AXp-sIm-≠v FÃm-bvt¸mgpw ]p-©n-cn¡q. tZ-jyw hf-sc Npcp§n-b k-µÀ-`-§-fn am{Xw F-Sp-¯p-]tbm-Kn¡q. \-sÃm-cp t{im-Xm-hm-Ip-I a-\-Êm-¶n²yw H-cm-fp-sS Po-hnX¯n hn-P-b-¯n-sâ ]-S-hp-IÄ I-bdm³ k-lm-bn-¡pw. \-½n an-¡-hcpw \à tIÄ-hn-¡mcÃ. H-cmÄ kw-km-cn¡p-t¼mÄ B kw-km-c-¯n-se B-Zy hmN-Iw \n-§Ä {i-²n-¡pw. A-Xp-I-gnªmÂ-¸n-s¶ A-Xn-s\-Xn-cmbpw A-\pIq-e-am-bp-ap-Å kw-`mj-Ww \-½p-sS D-Ån \-S-¡p-I-bmWv. a-t\m-l-camsbm-cp Ø-e-s¯-¯n-bm \n-§Ä-¡v \-sÃm-cp t{im-Xm-hm-Imw. B a-t\m-lcØm-\w \n-§-fp-sS D-Ån X-¶-bmWv. H-cn-¡Â \n-§-f-hn-sS F-¯n-bmÂ-¸n-s¶ FÃm Ø-e-§fpw ku-µ-cyw \n-d-ª-Xmbn-cn-¡pw. \n-§Ä sNÃp-¶n-S-s¯Ãmw \n-§Ä-¡v B ku-µcyw ]-IÀ-¶p \ÂIm\pw I-gn-bpw. A-h-\-h-\m-bn Ipd-¨pka-bw I-s­-≠¯p-I kr-ãn-]-cam-b {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡m-bn Ipd-¨p ka-bw \o-¡n h-bv-¡p-I. Ipd-¨v k-a-bw- C-cp¶v, lr-Z-b-¯n-sâ B-g-¯nte-¡v C-d-§n-s¨Ãp-I. I-®p-I-fS¨v Cu temI-s¯ H-cp t_mÄ t]m-se X-«n-sb-dn-bp-I. F-¶mÂ

G-sX-¦nepw {]-hr-¯n sN-¿p-t¼mÄ \q-dp-i-X-am-\w B {]-hr¯n-tbm-Sv \o-Xn-]p-eÀ-¯p-Ibpw thWw. A§s\ \n-§Ä-¡v H-tc-ka-bw B-k-à\m-Im\pw hn-c-à-\m-Im\pw I-gn-bpw.

C-§-s\-bm-Wv Po-hn-X-¯n hnPbw ssI-h-cn-¡p-¶Xv. C-sXm-cp I-gnhmWv. hnc-àn \n-§-fn DuÀ-Öw \n-d-bv-¡pw. ]-cn-{i-awsIm-≠v am{Xw BÀ¡pw kÀ-¤mß-IX ssI-h-cnÃ.

19


Fsâ tIcfw

Zcn-{Z-sc DÄ-s¡m-Åp-¶-XmI-Ww

hn-Ik\w

tI-c-f-t¯-¡p-dn-¨p-Å hnim-e ho£-Ww, A-Xv tem-I-t¯-¡p-dn-¨p-w \-½p-sS ho-Sn-t\-¡p-dn-¨p-apÅ hnim-e ho-£-W-am-Wv. \-½p-sS hyànXzw X-s¶ hnim-e ho-£-W-¯n-em-h-W-sa-¶ \n-e-]m-Sv hy-àam¡nsIm≠v kotdm ae_mÀ k` taPÀ BÀ¨v_nj]v amÀ tPmÀÖv Be-t©-cn A-t±-l-¯n-sâ hnI-k-\ Im-gv-¨-¸mSpw Nn-´Ifpw F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bp-am-bn ]-¦p-sh-¡p¶p

A-\p-{K-lo-X `qan

hnI-k-\ Im-gv-¨-¸mSv

C´y-bnse Gähpw A\p-{K-lo-Xamb kwØm-\-amWv tIc-fw. ip-{iq-jm cw-K-¯v temI-\n-e-hm-c-¯n-te-¡p-b-cm³ tIc-f-¯n\v km-[n-¨-Xn Rm³ H-¯n-cn k-t´m-jn-¡p¶p. km-£-c-X-bn \-½Ä G-sd ap-¶nem-Wv. AXp-t]m-se ]-©m-_v, UÂ-ln Xp-S§nb kw-Øm\-§-tfm-Sv Xpe-\w sN¿m³ I-gn-bp-¶ km-¼¯n-I ]p-tcmKXn bpw tI-c-f-¯n-\p≠v. F-¶m \-ap¡p≠m-b ]p-tcm-K-Xn-bp-sS K-Xn Xz-cn-X-amIp-¶pt≠m F-¶ kw-i-b-am-Wv C-t¸mÄ \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶Xv. \-½Ä Iq-Sp-X-em-bn«pw ssh-tZ-in-I[-\-k-¼m-Z-\- amÀ-K-¯n-\v th-≠n-bn-«mWv sh¼Â-sIm-Åp-¶Xv. \-½Ä ]Tn-¡p¶p, tPm-en tX-Sn hn-tZ-i¯p-t]m-Ip¶p, A-hnsS \n-¶p-Å ]-Ww sIm-≠v \-½Ä C-hn-sS k¼-¶-X Im-Wn-¡p-¶Xp-t]m-se F-\n-¡v tXm-¶m-dp-≠v. F-¶m `q-cn-`m-Kw t]-cpw A-§-s\-bm-sW-¶p-Å A-`n-{]m-b-hp-anÃ. ]pXnb tImÀ-¸-td-äp-I-fp-sS I-S-¶p-hcthm-Sp-IqSn tI-c-f-¯n hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ km[y-X-IÄ hÀ-²n¨n-«p≠v. A§s\ hnZym-`ym-k-]-c-am-bpw km-¼-¯n-I-]c-ambpw ap³-]-´n-bn \n-¡p-¶ tIc-f-¯nsâ a-X-ku-lmÀ-±-Xbpw sF-Iy-t_m-[hpw tem-I-¯n-\v am-Xr-I-bm-Wv. hÃ-t¸mgpw Nn-e hy-àn-I-fp-sS `m-K¯p-\n-¶p-≠m-Ip-¶ {]-kv-Xm-h\-Itfm {Kq-¸p-I-fp-sS {]-hÀ-¯\-§tfm H¶pw X-s¶ \½-sf H-cp A-\n-Ýn-Xm-h-Ø-bnte-bvt¡m kw-LÀ-j-¯n-te-bvt¡m kwL-«-\-¯n-te-bvt¡m H¶pw sIm≠p -t]m-Im-dnÃ. hnim-e ho-£-W-ap-Å P-\-Xbm-Wv C-hn-Sp-t¯Xv.

tIc-fw C-t¸mÄ \-K-c-h¡-c-W-¯nsâ ]mXbnemWv. \-K-c-§-sfÃmw hn-Ikn-¡p-¶p.{Km-a-§-fn-te-bv-¡v A-{X-bpw hn-Ik-\w sNÃp-¶nà F-¶ B-t£-]w cm-Py¯pw s]m-Xp-sh tI-c-f-¯nepw \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶p≠v. AXp-sIm-≠v `-c-WIÀ-¯m-¡fpw hn-I-k-\-¯n-\p-th-≠n ap-¶n-«n-d-§p-¶-hcpw {Km-a-§-sfbpw DÄ{]-tZ-i-§-sf-bpw Iq-Sp-X-embn {i-²n-¡W-w. Iq-SmsX Cu sIm-¨p-tI-c-f-¯n-se \-Zn-I-sfbpw `q-{]-tZ-i§sf-bpw th-≠{X \mw hn-I-kn-¸n-s¨-Sp-¯n-«nÃ. A-Xv henb t]mc-bvabmWv. ssZ-h-¯n-sâ kz-´w \m-sS-s¶m-s¡ \-½Ä t]-cn-«p. t]-cn«Xp-sIm-t≠m A-Xp-]dªv A-`n-am-\w sIm-≠Xp-tImt≠m B-bnÃ, Cu \m-Snsâ {]-Ir-Xn`w-Kn-sb \à AÀ-°-¯n Nqj-Ww sN-bv-XnÃ. ]I-cw {]-Ir-Xn-bp-sS k-¼-¯n-s\ \-in-¸n-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. A-Xv B-hÀ-¯n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m³ \-½p-sS `q-{]-tZ-i-§-Ä, \-ZnIÄ, Ip-f§Ä, tXm-SpIÄ F-¶n-h-sbÃmw kw-c-£n-¡m\pw ipNn-bm-bn kq-£n-¡m\pw \mw {]-Xn-Úm_-²-cm-IWw. _m-lyam-b ip-Nn-Xz-¯n tI-c-fo-bÀ th≠-{X {i-² sN-ep-¯p-¶nÃ. am-en-\y \nÀ-½mÀ-Ö-\-¯n-\mbn kÀ-¡mcpIfpw a-äv Øm-]-\-§fpw {]-hÀ¯n-¨n«pw A-Xv hn-P-bn-¡p¶nÃ. H-cp \m-Snsâ hnI-k-\-¯n \nÀ®m-b-I-amb amen-\y-\nÀ-amÀÖ-\w t]m-ep-Å A-Xymh-iy-Im-cy-§-fn {i-²n-¡m-sX \-½Ä A-Xn I-hn-ª hnI-k-\ ]-²-Xn-I-fp-ambn ap-t¶m«p-t]m-Ip-I-bmWv. FÃm-hÀ¡pw Ip-Sn-¡m³ \Ã-shÅw, ]mÀ-¡m³ \à h-kXn, tdm-UpIÄ, ssh-ZypXn, bm-{X-m ku-I-cy-§Ä C-sXm-s¡ D-d-¸p-hcp-¯p-

20

I-bm-Wv G-ähpw A-Xym-h-iy-am-bn-«p-Å L-SIw. CsXm¶p-an-ÃmsX h-en-b-]-²Xn-I-fm-b C³t^m]mÀ-¡p-I-fpw kv-amÀ«v kn-än-Ifpw Øm-]n¨p-sIm-≠v \mw ap-t¶m«p-t]m-Ip-I-bm-Wv. sX-änÃ, ASnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§Ä FÃmw H-cp-¡nb-ti-jw C³-t^m-]mÀ-¡p-Ifpw kv-amÀkn-änbpw D-≠m-¡m³ km-[n-¡pIbnà F-¶v k-½-Xn-¡p¶p. F-¶m AXnt\m-sSm¸w Xs¶ A-Sn-Øm-\- ku-Icy§sfmcp-¡p-¶-Xnepw `c-Wm-[n-Imcn-IÄ {i² \ÂIWw. hn-I-k\-s¯ Z-cn-{Z-cp-sS t]-cp-]-d-ªv X-S-k-s¸-Sp-¯p¶-Xn AÀ-°-anÃ. Z-cn-{Z-sc DÄ-sImÅp-¶-Xm-bn-cn-¡Ww hnI-k-\-¡m-gvN¸mSv. Hm-tcm -]-²-Xn-bpw Z-cn-{ZÀ-¡p-Å ]-¦m-fn-¯w D-d-¸m¡n-sIm-≠m-bn-cn¡Ww B-kq-{X-Ww sN-t¿-≠Xv. k-´p-enXam-b hnI-k-\-¯n-sâ ho-£-W-amWv Cu Im-e-L-«-¯n \ap-¡m-hiyw.

A-\oXn, A-{Iaw, A-t[m-temIw \m-«n \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶ A-\o-Xnbp-sSbpw A-{I-a-§-fp-sSbpw ]n-¶n c-≠v {]-[m-\-s¸-« Im-c-W-§-fp≠v. H-¶ma-s¯ Im-c-Ww X-sâ am{Xw D-bÀ¨ e-£ywh-¨v \o-§p¶ a-\p-jy-sâ kzmÀ-°-Xbm-Wv. a-äp-Åh-sc Xm-gv¯nsIm-≠v D-bÀ-¨-am{Xw e-£y-an«v A-\ymbam-b h-gn-I-fm-Wv a-\p-jy³ tX-Sp-¶Xv. ]-Whpw kzm-[o-\-h-e-bhpw sIm-≠v H-cp-h³ h-en-b-h-\m-Ip-¶n-söv A-dnªn-«p-Iq-Sn A§-s\ tam-ln-¡p-¶-hcm-Wv A-gn-aXn, ssI-¡q-en Xp-S§n-b a-äv Nq-j-W-]-cn-]m-Sn-IÄ B-kq-{X-Ww sN-¿p-¶Xv. hn-Zym-`ym-kw sIm-≠v kmwkv-Im-cn-I-am-bn D-bÀ-¶-h-cm-sW-¶v ]-d-bp-Ibpw A-gn-a-Xn-bn-eq-sS a-äp-Åhsc Nqj-Ww sN-bv-Xv h-f-cm³ {i-an-¡pIbpw sN-¿p-¶-Xv- hn-tcm-[m-`m-k-a-tÃ...? A-Xm-Wv C-hn-sS \-S-¡p-¶Xv. B Nn{Xw am-än-h-c-bv-t¡≠-Xv k-aq-l-\³-a-bv-¡v A-\n-hm-cy-amWv. c-≠m-a-t¯-Xv B-kq{Xn-Xam-b {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fn H-¶n-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡m-\p-Å k-¶-²-X-¡p-d-hv. aq-¶v hy-àn-IÄ tNÀ-¶v H-cp tImÀ-¸-tdäv D-≠m-¡n-bmÂ-t¸mepw B tImÀ-¸-tdän-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fnÂ-t¸mepw AhÀ k-l-I-cn-¡m³ hn-ap-J-X Im-Wn-¡p-Ibpw X³-aq-ew Øm]-\w X-I-cp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶ Øn-Xn-hn-ti-j-§Ä D-≠v. hy-ànip-²n-bp-sS AY-hm B-ZÀ-i-ip-²n-bp-sS A-`m-h-am-Wn-Xn-\v Im-c-Ww. XoÀ¯pw kw-kv-Im-c-iq-\yam-b Nn-e {]-hÀ-¯-\§fpw \-S-¡p-¶p-≠v. a-Zy-e-l-cn-aq-e-ap-Å B-]-¯p-IÄ A-Xn-\p-Zm-l-c-W-§-fmWv. a-Zy-]n-¨v hml-\-tam-Sn-¨v A-]-I-S-§fp-≠m-¡p-I, A-Xn-cv I-hn-ªv Ip-Sn-¨v Ip-Spw-_-¯n-se kz-Ø-X \-in-¸n-¡p-I, e-l-cn-¡-Sn-a-s¸-«v kzbw \-in-¨v a-c-W¯n-\v hn-t[-b-\mIp-I. C-t¸mgnsXm-s¡ \-½p-sS \m-«n km-[m-c-W kw-`-h-§fm-Wv. AXp-t]m

-se X-s¶ ssewKn-I Nq-j-Whpw s]cp-Ip¶-Xv kmw-kv-Imcn-I iq-\y-X-bn-te¡m-Wv hn-cÂ-Nq-≠p-¶Xv. A-{I-a-¯neq-sS hnP-bw t\-Sm³ {i-an-¡p-¶-hÀ tI-c-f-¯n-se Nn-e Ø-e-§-fn t]m epw H-cp A-t[m-temI-s¯ X-s¶ krãn-¨n-«p≠v. A-Xv Xn-I¨pw A-]-I-S-I-c-amWv. A-t[m-tem-I-¯n-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§fn \n-¶v tI-cf-s¯ hn-ap-à-am-¡m³ \-ap-¡v I-gn-b-Ww. hn-Zym-`ym-k-¯n\pw kw-kv-Im-c-¯n-sâ ]p-tcm-K-Xn-¡pw B-\p-]m-Xn-I-am-bn-«p-Å [mÀan-I \n-ehm-cw \-ap-¡v h-¶n-«nÃ. C-Xv FÃm-a-\pjyÀ¡pw D-≠m-tI≠ km³-amÀKn-I ho-£-W-amWv. `-b-anÃm-sX ]-c-kv]-cw km-tlm-Z-cy-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn Aw-Ko-I-cn-¨v, B-Z-cn-¨,v ]-c-kv]-cw t{]m-Õm-ln-¸n-¨v FÃm-hcpw H-¶n-¨p-ap-t¶-dp-¶ H-cp kwkv-Imcw tI-c-f-¯n-ep-≠m-I-Ww.

hn-I-k\w, cm-{ão-bw, am-[y-a-§Ä hn-I-k\-s¯ cm-{ão-b-¡mÀ Ah-cpsS cm-{ão-b e-£y-¯n-\p-th-≠n am{Xw Im-Wp-¶pt≠m F-¶ sNdn-b kw-i-b-sa-\n-¡p≠v. Nn-e B-fp-IÄ hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v F-Xn-cm-sW-¶v h-cp-¯n XoÀ-¡p-I, a-äp-Å-hÀ hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ A-\p-Iq-en-I-fm-Wv F-¶-t]m-se H-cp cm-{ão-b Xp-dp-¸p-No«v ]ecpw Cd-¡p¶ntà F¶v Nn´n-¡-Ww. hn-Ik-\w P-\-§Ä B-{K-ln-¡p-¶ H-cp {]-hÀ¯-\-k-c-Wn-bm-sW-¶ Im-gv-¨-¸m-Sn-sâ A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n A-Xn-\-\p-k-cn-¨p-Å ]e ]-²-Xn-I-Ä¡pw cm-{ão-b-¡mÀ ap-¶n«n-d-§p-¶p≠v. F¶m CXn\v cm-{ão-b-¡mc-s\ t{]-cn-¸n-¡p-¶ {]-[m\-LSIw \m-Sn-sâ ]p-tcm-K-XnbmtWm AtXm cm-{ão-b A-P-≠-bmtWm F¶ kwi-bw P-\n-¡p-¶p-≠v. am-[y-a-§Ä hnI-k\-s¯ A-\p-Iq-en-¡p-¶-h-cmWv. \mSn-sâ hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v th≠n Nn-´-IÄ A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw hn-aÀ-i-\§-sf kz-cq-]n-¨v ]-²-Xn-sb sa-¨-s¸-Sp¯p¶Xn\pw AhÀ {ian-¡p-¶p. hnI-k-\¯n-\v am-{X-ambn {]-ko-²o-I-c-W-§Ä X-s¶ NneÀ \-S-¯p-¶p-≠v. hn-I-k-\¯n-\v F-Xn-cm-bn F-s´-¦nepw h-¶m A-Xn-s\ \-J-in-Jm-´w F-XnÀ-¡m-\p-Å hy-{K-Xbpw am-[y-a-§Ä Im-Wn-¡m-dp≠v. A-Xv F´p-sIm≠pw A-`n-\-µ-\mÀ-l-amWv. am-[y-a-§-Ä hn-I-k-\-¯n\pw a-\pjy-sâ ]p-tcm-K-Xn-bn-te¡pw tbm-Pn-¨ hn-j-b-§-fn {i-²n-t¡-≠-Xn\v ]I-cw cm-{ão-b-¡m-cptStbm k-ap-Zm-b-t\-Xm¡³-am-cptStbm hyànPo-hn-X-¯n-se ]m-fn-¨-IÄ ]À-h-Xo-I-cn¨p-sIm-≠v P-\§-fp-sS {i-²-ap-gp-h³ A¯-cw hn-j-b§-fntebv-¡v Xn-cn-¨p-hn-Sp-¶p-sh¶ s]mXp-]-cm-Xn FÃm-hÀ-¡p-ap≠v. A-Xv am-[ya-§Ä D-t]-£n-¡Ww. A¯-cw hn-j-b§Ä ssI-Imcyw sN-¿m³ \-ap-¡v \ym -b-]m-e-Icpw \o-Xn-]oT§fpap≠v. X-¿m-dm-¡nbXv: Sn ]n {]-im´v


C O V E R

S T O R Y

dnt¸mÀ«nwKv: kpan{X kXy³ e£van \mcm-b-W³ kpanX sI kpPojv sI Fkv dn³kn anYp³

hnP-bn¨ kwcw-`-I-cpsS hnPb cl-ky-§Ä¡v Ft¸mgpw temIw ImtXmÀ¡pw. kwcw-`-IXz-sa¶ dnkvIv sKbvan-te¡n-d§n hnPbw ssIh-cn¡p-¶-h-cpsS _nkn-\kv ioe-§-fdnªv {]tNm-ZnX-cm-Im³ Im¯n-cn-¡p¶ \nc-h[n t]À \ap-¡n-S-bnep-≠v. tIc-f-¯nse 16 {] apJ kwcw-`-IÀ X§-fpsS kwcw-`I cl-ky-§Ä FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bpsS Cu {]tXyI ]Xn-¸n ]¦p-sh-¡p-¶p. kwcw-`¯nsâ Xe-¸-¯n-cn-¡p-¶bmÄ kzbw A]vtUäv sN¿p-¶-sX-§-s\, Poh-\¡msc F§s\ tam«n-thäv sN¿p-¶p, Ah-cpsS \qX-\B-i-b-§-tfmSv AbmÄ ]peÀ¯p¶ kao-]\w F´v, {]Xn-k-Ôn-Isf F§s\ t\cn-«p, ko\nbÀ Xe-§-fn-ep-f-f-hsc F§s\ amt\Pv sN¿p¶p...- Xp-S§n Adn-bm³ Xm¸-cy-ap-ff \nc-h[n tNmZy-§Ä¡p-ff D¯c§fmWv XpSÀ t]Pp-I-fn \n§sf Im¯n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv...

kwcw-`-I-cpsS

hnP-b-c-l-ky-§Ä... 21


1

aÕcw \n§-tfm-Sp-Xs¶ kwcw-`-I³: hn sI amXyqkv

kzbw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶-Xv F-§s\?

bm{X-I-fn-eq-sSbpw D]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-ambp-ff Bi-b-hn-\n-a-b-¯n-eq-sSbpw skan\m-dp-I-fn-eq-sSbpw UnkvI-j³ t^md-§fn-eq-sS-bp-sa-Ãm-amWv Rm³ A]vtUäv sN¿p-¶-Xv. Poh-\-¡msc F§s\ tam«n-thäv sN¿p¶p? Poh-\-¡msc tam«n-thäv sN¿p-I-sb¶Xv A{X Ffp-¸-a-Ã. CXn-\p-ff Hcp amÀ¤w Ahsc \nc-´-c-ambn t{]mÕmln-¸n-¡p-I-sb-¶-Xm-Wv. Fsâ Øm\¯n-cp-¶p-sIm≠v sN¿m³ km[n-¡p-¶Xv AXm-Wv. Hcp \à a\p-jy\v am{Xta \à Poh-\-¡m-c-\m-Im³ km[n-¡q-sh-¶mWv Fsâ hnizm-kw. Poh-\-¡m-À¡v AhÀ AÀln-¡p¶ _lp-am-\hpw Rm³ \ÂIm-dp-≠v. 55 Poh-\-¡mÀ am{X-amWv XpS-¡¯ -- n sF_n-F-kn-\p-≠m-bn-cp-¶-Xv. Ah-cpsS

kwcw`w: sF_n-Fkv tkm^vävshbÀ kÀho-kkv

{]b-Xv\-¯n \n¶p-amWv temI-a-dnbp¶ ]e D¸-¶-§fpw sF_n-F-Ên\v \ÂIm³ km[n-¨-Xv. Ncn-{Xs¯ \ ap-s¡m-cn-¡epw Xncp-¯m³ km[n-¡nÃ, `mhn {]h-Nn-¡m\pw km[n-¡n-Ã. F¶m \½psS {]hÀ¯-\-§-fn-eqsS Ncn-{X-¯nsâ `mK-am-Im³ \ap¡v km[n¡pw. Hcp _nkn-\kv Øm]\¯n\v Ncn{X-¯nsâ `mK-am-I-W-sa-¦n AXn Gähpw \nÀWm-b-I-am-Ip-¶Xv Poh-\-¡mcpsS tdmÄ Xs¶-bm-Wv. I-¼-\n-bn D-¶-X-X-e-§-fn tPm-ensN-¿p-¶h-sc F-§-s\-bm-Wv am-t\-Pv sN-¿p-¶Xv? R§-fpsS Øm]-\-¯nsâ HmÀKss\-tk-j-³ NmÀ«v hfsc hyà-am-Wv. A©v bqWn-än\v Iogn 11 imJ-IÄ {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. Hmtcm bqWn-än\pw sshkv {]kn-Uâ v D≠v. AhÀ¡v \nÝnX e£y-§fpw \ÂIn-bn-cn-¡pw. Ah-scÃmw I¼-\nsb X§-fpsS kz´sa¶ \ne-bn ImWp¶ Xc-¯n-emWv

amt\-Pvsaâ v ssien. sF_n-F-knsâ apgp-h³ {]hÀ¯-\-§fpw Hcp hyànbn am{Xw A[n-jvTn-X-am-bn-cn-¡Ww F¶v Nn´n-¡m³ t]mepw km[n-¡n-Ã. Ignª hÀjw R§-fpsS Poh-\-¡mcn 25 t]À A´m-cmjv{S Xe-¯n FIvk-e³kv AhmÀUv Ic-Ø-am-¡nbn-cp-¶p. ]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm]-\-¯n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶-Xv? amä-§Ä s]s«¶v kw`-hn-¡p-¶-X-Ã. hfsc ka-b-sa-Sp¯v \S-¸m-¡p-¶-XmWv I¼-\n-bnse Hmtcm amä-hpw. aÕc§-sf t\-cn-Sp¶-Xv F-§s\? ‘‘Competitor is only your benchmark and your competition is with yourself''þaÕc§sf Ipdn-¨p-ff Fsâ ImgvN-¸mSv CXm-Wv. D]-t`m-àm-¡-tfmSp-ff {]Xn-_-²-X-sIm-≠mWv sF_nFkv \ne-\n¡p-¶-Xv. 2020 BIp-t¼m-

22

tg¡pw Ghn-tb-j³ cwKs¯ H¶mw \¼À sFSn I¼\nbmbn amdp-I-bmWv R§-fpsS e£yw. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS \qX\ B-ib§tfmSv ]peÀ¯p¶ kao-]\w? Poh-\-¡m-cpsS \qX\ Bi-b-§-fneqsS am{Xta GXv I¼-\n¡pw hf-cm³ km[n-¡q. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs¶ sF_nF-knse Poh-\-¡m-cpsS Bi-b-§Ä¡v th≠ coXn-bn ]cn-K-W\ \ÂIm-dp≠v. _nkn-\-Ên ]cm-P-b-§Ä t\cn-«n«pt≠m? ]et¸mgpw Ipd-¨p-IqSn \¶mbn Imcy-§Ä sN¿m-am-bn-cp¶p F¶v tXm¶n-bn-«p-≠v. Hcn-¡-epw \½Ä ]qÀ®-c-Ã. X\n-s¡mcp Ipd-hp-an-söv Ft¸m-sg-¦nepw HcmÄ¡v tXm¶n-bm Abm-fpsS "teWnwKv t{]mkkv' AhnsS XoÀ¶p.


2

C O V E R

C¶ns\ \msf-bpsS hnP-b-]mX-Ifm¡pI kwcw-`-I: _o\m I®³

F §s\ kzbw A]vtUäv sN¿p¶p?

ap³-Im-e-§-fn \n-¶p-Å A-\p-`-h-]cn-N-b-¯n-sâbpw A-dn-hn-sâbpw A-SnØm-\-¯n-em-Wv Rm³ kzbw "A-]v-tUäv' sN-¿p-¶Xv. ap³-Im-e¯p-Å ho-gv-¨Ifpw tIm-«-§-fp-am-bn-cn¡pw "Cu A-]v-tU-j-\n  {]m-[m\yw \Â-Ip-I. kz-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p-t¼mÄ X-s¶ AXv, F-\n-¡v Np-äp-apÅ-h-cn-te-¡pw, F-sâ _n-kn-\-Ên C-Sw h-ew \nÂ-¡p-¶-h-cn-te¡pw ]-IÀ-¯m \pw A-h-cp-sS D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-§-fn F-sâ A-]v-tU-j-\p-IÄ D-]-I-cn-¡p-sa¦-n A-h-sb-¡q-Sn DÄ-s¡m-Åp-hm\pw Rm³ t{]-cn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿pw. Im-cWw, \mw h-f-cp-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w \-t½ Np-än-bn-cn¡p¶-h-cn-te¡pw B h-fÀ-¨ km-[y-am-¡W-sa-¶ Nn-´m-K-Xn-¡m-cn-bm-Wv Rm³. Poh-\-¡msc F§s\ tam«n-thäv sN¿p¶p?

S T O R Y

kwcw`w: ioam«n knÂIvkv, sIm¨n

bpw tPm-en-bn-se-Sp-¡p¶-Xv hf-sc IrXy-X-tbm-sS-bmWv. A-h-c-h-cp-sS tPm-enIfpw D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-§fpw dn{Iq«v sN¿pt¼mÄ Xs¶ hf-sc hy-à-am-bn ]-d-bp¶p, Ah-sc A-dn-bn¡p¶p. F-sâ Aѳ, io-am-«n Xp-S§n-b Im-ew ap-Xte, H-cp Im-¡ IÃn-«v A-hn-sS tPmIÃn-«v sh-Åw en sN-¿p¶\n-d-¡p¶ t]mse, h-tcm-Sv h-f-sc-tb-sd A-sÃ-¦n H-cp A-\p-`m-hw ]£n, H-cp \p-Åv Im-Wn-¡p-¶ \m-cv Iq-«n Iq-«n sh-¨v H-cm-fm-bn-cpIq-Sp-≠m-¡p-¶Xp¶p. F-Ãmt]m-se XoÀ¯pw hcpw \¶-mbn-cn-¡Ww, kzm-`m-hn-I-ambpw FÃm-hÀ¡pw kw-`-hn-¨-Xm-Wv \-· D-≠mF-sâ IWw, BÀ¡pw _n-kn\-Êv A-[n-Iw tPm-en-`mhn-Pbw cw \Â-I-cpXv, A-§s\-sbÃm-ap-Å \nÀ-t±-i§Ä, hf-sc Ir-Xyam-bn ]m-en¨p-t]m¶n-cp-¶ H-cm-fm-bn-cp¶p. Rm\pw B ]m-X ]n-´p-S-cp¶p. ]ns¶, Hm-tcm-cp-¯cp-sSbpw {]-hÀ-¯\ ss\-]p-Wy-a-\p-kcn¨v, Ah-sc t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡p-Ibpw s{]mtam-«v sN-¿p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶p≠v. sk-bnÂ-kv-am-\pw kq¸À-ssh-k-dpw amt\-Pcpw FÃmw X-§-fp-sS tPm-en Ir-Xyam-bn sN-bv-Xmte Hmtcm Øm-]-\hpw hn-P-bn¡q. \qX-\-am-ä-§Ä F§s\ \S-¸m-¡p¶p C-hn-sS h-cp-¶ Hmtcm D]-t`m-àmhnsâbpw XmÂ-¸-cy-§Ä-¡-\p-k-cn¨v h-kv-{X-hym]m-c cwK-¯v kw-`-hn-¡p-¶ am-ä§-sf Rm³ t\m-¡n-¡m-Wp-Ibpw Hm-tcm Po-h-\-¡mÀ¡pw A-h-cp-sS _nkn-\-kn {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-Ibpw tPm-en-sb kw-_-Ôn-¨v ]qÀ-®-t_m-[y-apsN-¿p-¶p-≠v. H¸w, Rm³ sN-¿p-¶ s≠-¶m-Wv F-sâ hn-izmkw. A-§s\, bm-{X-Ifn tem-I-am-ä-§Ä-¡v Im-tXmÀX-§-fpsS Hm-tcm-cp-¯-cp-sSbpw D-¯-c-hm¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p¶p. Zn-Xz-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨v ]qÀ-W-t_m-[y-ap-s≠F§s\ aÕ-c-§sf t\cn-Sp¶p ¦nÂ, ]ns¶, th-sdm-cp tam-«n-thj-sâ aÕ-c§-sf \-½Ä-s¡m-cn-¡epw B-h-iy-an-sÃ-¶m-Wv Rm³ I-cp-Xp-¶Xv. a-dn-I-S-¡m-\m-InÃ. Ahsb B-tcmIm-cWw, A¯-cw tam-«n-th-j-\p-IÄ¡pw Ky-{]-Z-am-¡n am-äp-I-bm-Wv th-≠Xv. ]-cn-io-e-\-§Ä¡pw C-t¸mÄ sNe-h\-½psS DuÀÖ-s¯ D-WÀ-¯p-I-bpw gn-¡m³ ka-btam k-µÀ-`tam \-½p-sS Im-gv-¨-¸m-SpI-sf t^m¡-kv sN¿pIbpw ssI-¿n-enÃ. A¯-cw {]-hr-¯n-IÄ-¡v B aÕc§-sf \-½p-sS t\-«-§-fn-teC¶-s¯ th-K-X-tbdnb tem-I-¯n ¡p-Å ]m-X-I-fm-¡n am-äpIbpw thWw. Øm-\-an-sÃ-¶m-Wv F-sâ aXw. A-t¸mÄ, \mw t]m-ep-a-dn-bm-sX \-½psS ko\n-bÀ -X-e-§-fn-ep-f-f-hsc F§s\ "sF-Iyp' hÀ-²n--¡pw. hy-ànXzw Iq-Spamt\Pv sN¿p¶p? X B-IÀ-jI-am-¡pw. D-bÀ-¶ Øm-\w h-ln-¡p-¶h-sc km¼-¯nI amµys¯ F§s\ t\ am-t\-Pv sN-t¿-≠ B-h-iy-anÃ. A-h-c-hcp-sS D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz§-sf Ip-dn¨v Hm-tcm-cp- cn«p? \-½p-sS \m-«n km-¼-¯n-I-amµyw ¯À¡pw D¯-a-t_m-[y-ap-s≠-¦n "H-cp Nne {]-tXy-I ta-J-eI-sf am-{X-am-Wv am-t\-Pnw-Kv' kn-kv-äw A-hn-sS F-Sp-¯n_m[ n-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. I-¼-\n-bp-sS Nn-e tS-≠ B-h-iy-anÃ. Hmtcm Poh\-¡m-c-s\

ZpÀ-hy-b-§sf, sN-e-hpI-sf sh-«n-¨p-cp¡p-Ibpw H-cp-]m-Sv s{]m-tam-j³ th-≠ ta-J-e-I-fn am{Xw A-Xp km-[y-am-¡pIbpw sN-bvXp. ^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pvsa-â v F-¶Xv, km-¼¯n-I am-µy-Ime¯v am{Xw A-\p-hÀ-¯n-t¡-≠ H-¶Ã F-¶m-Wv F-sâ ]£w. F-t¸mgpw hf-sc i-àam-b ^n-\m³-jy am-t\Pv-saâ v D-s≠-¦n-se H-cp I-¼-\n-¡v kp-Øn-cam-b \n-e-\nÂ-¸v km-[y-amIq. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs¶, R-§Ä hf-sc t\m-¡n¡-t≠ sN-e-hp-IÄ sN¿q. I-gnhXpw H-cp-]m-Sv [qÀ-¯p-IÄ R-§Ä sN¿m-dnÃ. sNe-hv Np-cp-¡Â \-S-]-SnbpsS `mKam-bn Po-h-\-¡m-sc C-Xph-sc C-hnsS \-n¶pw ]n-cn-¨p-hn-tS-≠n h-¶n-«nÃ. kl-{]-hÀ¯-I-cpsS \qX\ Bi-b§-tfmSv ]peÀ¯p¶ kao-]\w? k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS \à B-i-b§sf F-t¸mgpw kzmK-Xw sN-¿m-dp≠v. an¡-hmdpw Poh-\-¡mÀ¡pw Fsâ Nn´I-fp-ambn anI¨ wave length D-ÅXpsIm≠v, F-sâ a\-Êv Nn-´n-¡p-¶ X-c-¯n-em-bn-cn¡pw A-h-cp-sS B-i-b§fpw c-q]-s¸-Sp-I. Rm-s\-t¸mgpw ap³Xq-¡w sIm-Sp¡p-I a-äp-Å-hÀ-¡mWv, {] [m-\-ambpw C-hn-sS F-¯p-¶ D-]-t`màm-¡Ä¡v. A-h-cp-am-bn \à _-Ôw Øm-]n-¡p-I, Ah-sc bm-sXm-cp X-c¯nepw \n-cm-i-s¸-Sp-¯m-Xn-cn¡p-I. _nkn-\-Ên ]cm-P-bw t\cn-«n-«p t­≠m? AXns\ F§s\ adn-I-S¶p? H-cp Im-¡ IÃn-«v IÃn-«v sh-Åw \n-d-¡p¶ t]mse, A-sÃ-¦n H-cp ]£n, H-cp \p-Åv \m-cv Iq-«n Iq-«n sh¨v Iq-Sp-≠m-¡p-¶Xp-t]m-se XoÀ¯pw kz-m`m-hn-I-ambn kw-`-hn-¨-Xm-Wv F-sâ _n-kn\-Êv hn-Pbw. H-cp-]m-Sv Ime-s¯ \n-c-´-cam-b ITn-\m-[zm-\hpw {]-b-Xv-\ hpw C-Xn-\v ]n-¶n-ep≠v, Dd-¡-sam-gn-¡ep≠v, B-i-b cq-]o-I-c-W-ap≠v. Rm³ C-Xn-sâ km-cYyw G-sä-Sp-¯-t¸mÄ, G-Xm-≠v H-cp X-IÀ-¶-a-«n-em-bn-cp¶p Cu Øm-]\w. ]-g-b-Im-es¯ kÀ¡mÀ- Øm-]-\-§Ä t]mse, B-cmepw t\m-¡m-\nÃm-¯ Ah-Ø. _n-F-kv-kn t_m«-Wn ]Tn-¨ Rm³, Cu Øm-]-\¯n-sâ I-W-¡p-IÄ t\m-¡m³ Xp-S§n-b-t¸mÄ A-Xn-\p-Ån-se ]-eÀ¡pw AX-{X XmÂ-¸cy-anÃm-bn-cp¶p. ]-Xn-sb ]-Xn-sb B ]-g-b A-hØ-¡v am-ä-ap≠mbn. H-cp Znim-t_m-[w t\Sn, ]ns¶ kw-`-hn¨-Xv s\-Sp-\o-f³ A-[zm-\¯nsâ ^-e-am-bn-cp¶p. A-¶p≠mb B "X-Wp-¸³ A-hØ' X-s¶-bmhpw F-s¶ C-Xn-sâ hf-sc sNdn-b C-S-§fn t]mepw {i-²n-¡m³ t{]-cn-¸n-¨Xv. kw-`-hn-¡m-\n-cn-¡p-¶ ]-cm-P-b§sf HmÀ-¯v ka-bw \-ã-am-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-I. C-¶p-Å k-a-b§-sf \m-sf-bp-sS hn-P-b§-fm-¡pI.

23


3

aÕ-c-§Ä apt¶m-«p-ff IpXn-¸n\v iàn ]Icpw kw-cw`-I³: tPmÀÖv t]mÄ

kw-cw`w: knss´äv C³U-kv{Sokv

H

cp kwcw-`-I-s\¶ \ne-bn F§s\ kz-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶p? hmb-\, Câ-dm-£³kv, skan-\m-dpIÄ, NÀ¨-IÄ, aoänw-Kp-IÄ...-C-h-sbÃmw Adnhv \ÂIp-¶p. IqSmsX hnhn[ kwL-S-\-I-fnepw Rm³ AwK-am-Wv. Po-h-\-¡m-sc F§-s\ tam-«n-th-äv sN¿p¶p? Ignª 40Â]cw hÀj-§-fmbn 2000-¯n-e-[nIw Poh-\-¡msc Cu {] Øm-\-t¯mSv Iqdp-f-f-h-cmbn hfÀ¯nsb-Sp-¯p. Poh-\-¡mÀ {]Øm-\-¯n s\K-äohmbn Nn´n-¡p-¶Xv AhÀ¡v In«p¶ tkh\ thX-\-§Ä Ah-cpsS IpSpw_w ]peÀ¯phm³ XnI-bmsX hcp-t¼m-gmWv. R§-fpsS FÃm sXmgnem-fn-I-fp-sSbpw thX-\-a-\p-k-cn¨v ]en-ic-lnX `h-\-hmbv] e`y-am-¡p-¶p. AXv LSp-¡-fmbn amkw-tXmdpw Xncn-¨p-]n-Sn¡p-¶p. FÃm Poh-\-¡m-scbpw Ah-cpsS IpSpw-_-s¯bpw BtcmKy C³jp-d³kv

]²-Xn-bn ]¦m-fn-I-fm-¡p¶p. R§fpsS FÃm Poh-\-¡mÀ¡pw Ah-cpsS ] Z-hn¡pw i¼-f-¯n-\p-a-\p-k-cn¨v I¼\n hml-\-ku-Icyw \ÂIp-¶p. kzImcy taJ-e-bn s]³j³ kvIow \ÂIp¶ I¼-\n-bmWv knss´-äv. knss´äv skâÀ t^mÀ teWnwKv & sUh-e-] vsaâ v F¶ hn`mKw Poh-\-¡mÀ¡v Bhiy-amb ]cn-io-e-\w \ÂIp-¶p. Ign-hnsâ ASn-Øm-\-¯n am{X-amWv Poh-\¡mÀ¡v s{]mtam-j³ \ÂIp-¶-Xv. hnZym`ymk tbmKyX DbÀ¯m³ B{K-ln-¡p¶p-sh-¦n AhÀ¡v Cuh-\nwKv ¢mÊn\v tNÀ¶v ]Tn-¡mw. AXn\v Syqj³ ^okv

I¼\n \ÂIp-¶p. Poh-\-¡m-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-§fpw ] cm-Xn-Ifpw tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯m³ MY Voice F¶ kwhn-[m-\hpw {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶p-≠v. Ah-cpsS Iem-]-c-amb Ign-hpIsf t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡m-\mbn Tea@3 F¶ ]cn-]m-Snbpw amk-¯n Hcn-¡Â \S-¯p-¶p. Poh-\-¡m-cpsS IpSpw-_ s¯ Ah-cpsS sXmgn Øe-t¯¡v £Wn-¡p-Ibpw Hcp Znhkw Ah-tcmsSm¸w sNe-h-gn-¡m³ k½-Xn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ ]²-Xn-bp-ap-≠v. ]pXnb Xocp-am-\-§Ä Øm]-\-¯n F§-s\-bmWv \-S-¸m-¡p¶Xv? ]pXnb Xocp-am-\-§Ä \S-¸m-¡pt¼mÄ {]Xn-I-c-W-§Ä D≠m-Ipw. F¶m AXns\ F§s\ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶p F¶-XmWv {][m-\w. Øm]-\-¯nsâ D¶-Xn-¡mWv ]pXnb Xocp-am-\-§Ä F¶v a\-Ên-em-¡n-s¡mSp-¡pI F¶-XmWv R§-fpsS Npa-X-e.

24

A§s\ hcp-t¼mÄ AhÀ Xocp-am-\§sf kzmKXw sN¿pw. aÕ-c§-sf F§-s\-bmWv t\-cnSp¶Xv? aäp-f-f-h-cpsS D¸-¶-§-fp-ambn aÕ-cn-¡p-¶Xv R§Ä¡v apt¶m-«p-ff IpXn-¸n\pw DbÀ¨bv¡pw Imc-W-amIp-¶p. ssN\-sb-t¸m-ep-ff cmPy-§Ä hfsc thK-¯n hn]Wn ssI¿-S¡m³ {ian-¡p-¶-hcpw AXn-\p-I-gn-hpf-f-h-cp-am-Wv. Ah-cp-sS-bn-S-bn-emWv R§Ä ]nSn-¨p-\n¡p-¶-Xv. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS \q-X-\ Bi-§tfm-Sv ]p-eÀ-¯p-¶ k-ao]\w? \à \nÀtZ-i-§fpw A`n-{]m-b-§fpw \S-¸n-em-¡p-Ibpw Ah I¼-\n¡v BZmb-I-c-am-Ip-¶p-sh-¦n Ahsc A`n-\µn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. sXmgn-em-fn-Isf t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡p-hm³ "knss´äv ÌmÀ' F¶ kwhn-[m\w \ne-hn-ep-≠v.


4

C O V E R

ap³K-W\ D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v kwcw-`-I³: kn sP tPmÀÖv

F §-s\-bmWv kz-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶-Xv?

hmb-\-bn-eq-sS-bmWv amÀ¡-änse amdn-sIm≠n-cn-¡p¶ ]p¯³ {]h-W-XI-sf-¡p-dn¨v a\-kn-em¡p-¶-Xv. tZiob, A´ÀtZ-iob _nkn-\kv B\pIm-enI {]kn-²o-I-c-W§Ä [mcmfw hmbn-¡m-dp-≠v. tIm¬^-d³kp-I-fnepw UnkvI-j-\p-I-fnepw Ønc-ambn ] s¦-Sp-¡m-dp-≠v. amdp¶ amÀ¡-än-s\-¡pdn¨v a\-kn-em-¡m³ Ah hf-sc-b-[nIw klm-b-I-am-hp¶p. Adn-hn\v iàn ] I-cm³ CâÀs\-än-s\bpw B{i-bn-¡mdp-≠v. Poh-\-¡msc F§s\ tam«n-thäv sN¿p¶p? Poh-\-¡msc tam«n-thäv sN¿n-¡pI F¶ e£yw sh¨v H¶pw sN¿m-dn-Ã. Ah-cp-ambpff Bi-b-hn-\n-ab¯n\v

hyàX hcp-¯m³ {ian-¡m-dp-≠v. ]p Xnb _nkn-\kv XpS-§p-¶-Xn-s\-¸-änbpw _nkn-\-kn amä-§Ä hcp-¯p-¶-Xns\-¸-änbpw Ah-cp-ambn NÀ¨ sN¿pw. R§Ä¡v C´y-bn apgp-h³ imJIfp-≠v. FÃm-bn-S¯pw Rm³ Xs¶ t\ cn«v sN¶v I¼-\n-bpsS e£y-s¯¸änbpw `mhn hnI-k-\-]-²-Xn-I-sf¸-änbpw a\-kn-em¡n sImSp-¡p¶p. I¼-\n-bpsS knCH Xs¶ t\cn«v sN¶v ]d-bp-t¼mÄ AXnsâ Kuchw a\-knem¡n th≠ hn[-¯n Imcy-§Ä a\-kn-em-¡p-¶-Xn\v AhÀ¡v Ign-bp¶p. Ahsc tam«n-thäv sN¿n-¡pI F¶-Xn-ep-]cn I½yqWnt¡-j-\m-Wv AhnsS \S-¡p-¶-Xv. km¼-¯nI amµyw h¶-t¸mÄ C´y-bn ]e I¼-\n-Ifpw i¼fw Ipd-bv¡p-Ibpw Poh-\-¡msc ]ncn¨phn-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX-t¸mÄ R§Ä AXv sNbvXnÃ. i¼-f-¯n C³{In-

S T O R Y

kwcw`w: Pntbm-PnXv _nF³]n ]mcn_

saâpw \ÂIn. I¼\nsNehv Ipdbv¡m³ bn ]pXnb t]m t\m¡n. AXm-bXv fn-kn-IÄ sIm≠phsS-en-t^m¬ Poh-\-¡msc tam«n-thäv cp-t¼mÄ Rm³ FIvkvs]³kv, sN¿n-¡pI F¶ e£yw sh¨v Xs¶ Poh-\-¡m_m¦v cp-ambn AXv FIvkvs]³kv H¶pw sN¿m-dn-Ã. Ah-cp-ambpff \S-¸n-em-¡p-¶F¶nh Bi-b-hn-\n-ab¯n hyàX Xns\ Ipdn¨v Ipdbv¡pw. hcp-¯m³ {ian-¡m-dp-≠v. ]p kwkm-cn-¡mHm^o-kn Xnb _nkn-\kv XpS-§p-¶-Xn-s\dp-≠v. A[nI ¸-änbpw _nkn-\-kn amä-§Ä Øew Ds≠I-¼-\n-bn ¦n Ah ] hcp-¯p-¶-Xn-s\-¸-änbpw Ah-cpD-¶-X-X-e-§cam-h[n D]fn tPm-enambn NÀ¨ sN¿pw. R§Ä¡v tbm-Kn-¡pw. sN-¿p-¶h-sc C´y-bn apgp-h³ imJI-fp-≠v. tImÌv dnUF-§-s\-bm-Wv FÃm-bn-S¯pw Rm³ Xs¶ t\ £³ amt\-Pvsaam-t\-Pv sN-¿pcn«v sN¶v I¼-\n-bpsS e£yân\v Hcp I½nän ¶Xv? Xs¶ s¯-¸än a\-kn-em¡n I¼-\n-bpsS bp≠mbn-cp-¶p. Bh-iy-§f-\p-k-cn¨v sImSp-¡p¶p tImÌv amt\ Hmtcm hyàn-bp-tSbpw Pv sN¿p¶ Imcy-¯n tdmÄ \nÝ-bn-¡p-¶p. Ahhfsc {i² sNep-¯n-bn-cp-¶p. cpsS tbmKy-X-bp-tSbpw Ign-hn25 hÀjw ]n¶n« R§-fpsS hnP-b-N-cntâbpw ASn-Øm-\-¯n Npa-X-e-IÄ {X-¯n CXp-hsc hen-b-Xn-cn-¨-Sn-IÄ hn`-Pn¨p \ÂIp-¶p. Øm]-\-¯nsâ D≠m-bn-«n-Ã. hfÀ¨bv¡\p-kr-X-am-bmWv tPmen hn`k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS B-i-b§-sf Pn-¨p-\ÂIp-¶-Xv. kzmK-Xw sN-¿m-dp-t≠ ­ m? A-¯-c-¯n ]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm\-S-¸m¡n-b G-sX-¦nepw km-l-Ncyw? ]-\-¯n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶-Xv? XoÀ¨-bm-bpw. kl-{]-hÀ¯-I-cpsS Zn\w{]Xn amä-§Ä kw`-hn-¨pBi-b-§sf kzmKXw sN¿m-dp-≠v. Hcp sIm≠n-cn-¡p-¶ taJ-e-bm-WnXv. B amä- FIvkn-Iyq-«ohv I½nän D≠v. F´p-Im-cy§Ä¡v A\p-k-cn¨v R§fpw amdp-¶p. sa-Sp-¡p-t¼mgpw Ah-cp-am-bn IqSn-bm-temAh F{X-t¯mfw {]mtbm-Kn-I-amhpw Nn¨v Ah-cpsS \nÀtZ-i-§fpw Xocp-am-\F¶v ]cn-tim-[n-¡m-dp-≠v. D]-t`m-àm-¡- §fpw ssIs¡m-Åm-dp-≠v. fpsS Xm¸-cy-¯n\pw {]Xo-£-bv¡p-a\à Bi-b-§-sfbpw Xocp-am-\-§\p-krX-ambn amä§Ä sIm≠phcp¶p. sfbpw kzmKXw sNbvXv \S-¸n-em-¡m³ {ian¡pw. Xmsg-¯-«n-epÅ Poh-\-¡maÕ-c§-sf t\-cn-Sp¶-Xv F-§s\? cpsS A`n-{]m-b-§Ä t]mepw a\-kn-emR§-fpsS I¼-\n¡pw _nkn-\-kn ¡m³ {ian¡pw. ss{]knwKv t]mfn-kn, \pw Hcp \bap≠v. AX-\p-k-cn¨v tImÌv amt\-Pvsaâ v, FIvkv]m³j³ R§Ä {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. AÃmsX kv{SmäPn XpS-§n-b-h-bn-seÃmw Poh-\ChnsS aÕcw Fs¶m-¶n-Ã. FXn-cm-fn¡m-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-§Ä¡-\p-k-cn¨v amäIÄ F´p-sN-¿p¶p, F§s\ {]hÀ¯n¡p¶p Fs¶m¶pw R§Ä t\m-¡m-dn-Ã. §Ä hcp-¯n-bn-«p-≠v. R§-fpsS FÃm Poh-\-¡mÀ¡pw \ kw-cw-`-I Po-hn-X-¯n F-t¸m-sgÂIp¶ Hcp {][m\ \nÀtZ-i-an-XmWvþ ¦nepw tXmÂ-hn t\-cn-«n-«p-t≠m? I¼-\n-bpsS Xm¸-cyhpw D]-t`m-àmhen-sbmcp {]Xn-kÔnsb¶v FSp¡fpsS Xm¸-cyhpw X½n XÀ¡w ¯p-]-d-b-¯-¡-sXm¶pw CXp-hsc D≠mh¶m D]-t`m-àm-¡fpsS Xm¸-cybn-«n-Ã. Iym]n-ä amÀ¡-ämWv R§-fp ¯n\v ap³Xq¡w \ÂI-Ww. sS _nkn-\-kv. D]-t`m-àm-¡-fmWv FÃmw. AhIym]n-ä amÀ¡äv tam cpsS Xm¸-cyhpw CjvSm-\n-jvS-§fpw i-am-hp-t¼mÄ C³Iw Ipd-bm-dp-≠v. A t\m¡n, AhÀ¡p IqSn t\«-ap-≠m-¡p¶ t¸m-Ä tImÌv amt\Pv sN¿pw. AtX-kXc-¯n BßmÀ°-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn {] abw ]e ka-b-¯mbn kzmwio-I-cn¨ h-À-¯n-¡p-¶p. _nkn-\kv tamU-ep-Ifpw t{]mP-IvSp^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pv-saâ v \-S-¯p¶-Xv Ifpw Nne kµÀ`-§-fn ]-cm-P-b-s¸«n«p≠v. F-§s\? km-¼¯n-I am-µyw F§s\ A¯cw tXmÂhn-IÄ ]n¶oSv _m[n¨p? hnPbw ssIh-cn-¡p¶-Xn- ]mT-am-bn-«pkm¼-¯nI amµyw h¶-t¸mÄ ≠v. FÃm Øm]-\-§-tfbpw t]mse Xs¶

25


kwcw-`-IXzw

5

amä-§Ä \S-¸m-¡p-¶Xv Iq«m-bva-bn-eqsS kwcw-`-w: ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v

kzbw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶-Xv F-§s\? hn]-Wn-bnse Ne-\-§fpw ]pXp-s{S³Up-

Ifpw a\-Ên-em-¡p-¶-Xn\v kabw In«p-t¼msgÃmw hmbn-¡m-dp-≠v. bm{Xm-th-f-Ifpw hmb\¡v D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯m-dp-≠v. Poh-\-¡msc F§s\ tam«n-thäv sN¿p¶p? Hcp kwcw-`s¯ AsÃ-¦n Øm]-\ s¯ krjvSn-¡p-¶Xpw hfÀ¯p-¶Xpw Poh-\-¡m-cm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠p Xs¶ I¼\n-bpsS Gähpw henb apX¡q«pw Poh\-¡mÀ Xs¶-bm-sW¶v Rm³ hniz-kn-¡p¶p. AhÀ¡v am{Xta kwcw-`s¯ ]pXnb Db-c-§-fn-se-¯n-¡m³ km[n-¡q. ko\n-bÀ amt\-Pvsaâ v Soap-ambn Rm³ hfsc ASp-¯p -{]--hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. amÀ¡änepÅ shÃp-hn-fnIsf kzbw XcWw sNbvXv _nkn-\-kn t\«-§Ä ssIh-cn-¡m-\pÅ FÃm t{]mÕml-\-hpw AhÀ¡v \ÂIm-dp-≠v. Xpd¶ \bamWv I¼-\n-bp-tS-Xv. AXm-bXv I¼-\n-bpsS hfÀ¨-bv¡m-h-iy-amb coXn-bn sXäp-Ip-ä-

kwcw-`-I³: tXmakv tPmÀÖv ap¯qäv

§sf Xpd-¶p-Im-«p-¶-Xn FÃm-X-«n-ep-apÅ Poh-\-¡mÀ¡v kzmX-{´y-ap-≠v. AXn-eqsS Poh-\-¡msc a\-kn-em-¡m³ Ign-bp-¶p. AhcpsS {]iv\-§Ä a\-kn-em¡n kpK-a-amb hÀ¡nwKv A´-co£w krjvSn-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡m³ Ign-bp-¶p. I-¼-\n-bn D-¶-X-X-e-§-fn tPm-en-sN-¿p¶h-sc F-§-s\-bm-Wv am-t\-Pv sN-¿p-¶Xv? ko\n-bÀ amt\-Pvsaâ v Soan\v AhÀ sNt¿≠ Imcy-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v IrXy-amb [mc-W \ÂIp¶p. I¼-\n-bpsS e£y-§Ä F¯n-¸n-Sn-¡p-¶-Xn\v AhÀ¡v th≠ \nÀtZi-§fpw t{]mÕm-l-\hpw \ÂIm-dp-≠v. ]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm-]-\¯n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶-Xv? apIÄX-«n-epÅ Hcp Iq«w Poh-\-¡mÀ am{Xw hnNm-cn-¨m Øm]-\-¯n Hcp amähpw hcp-¯m³ km[n-¡nÃ. FÃm Poh-\¡m-cpsSbpw {]mtbm-KnI \nÀtZ-i-§Ä kzoIcn¨pff Iq«mb {]b-Xv\-¯n-eqsS am{Xta Øm]-\-¯n amä-§Ä {]mhÀ¯n-I-am-Iq.

v I n Ì n a sk³ /

n-«pÅ sk³

sSbpw pw efn-X-am-b Gäh-fps p I-hn-X-I-fpn, Sbpw ssl-¡ a . dq -§Ä I-Y-I b k-am-lm-c S k-hn-ti-jam- mÀ F-¶o a-l-¯p-¡-fp-s K t ! Sm pw f m, I j -N-\ _-t µ-c-§fmb c A-\p-]-akp-

 Cuäv sk³ {Un-¦v sk³ Éo]v sk³ /hn. Ir-jv-WIp-amÀ / ~ 100  sk³_p-²-I-YIÄ ssl-¡p I-hn-XIÄ /Icow ]o-Sn-I-bv¡Â / ~ 90  Ihn-X-Ifpw bm-{X-Ifpw / _tjm / hnh. hn. c-hn-Ip-amÀ / ~ 95  Hcp-]n-Sn aW /CjnIm-h Xm-Ip-t_mIp / hnh. s{]m-^. ]n. F. tPmÀPv/ ~ 70  101 c-ho-{µ-Ko-X§Ä /c-ho-{µ-\m-Y Sm-tKmÀ / kam-l-cWw, ]cn`mj: F.Un. am-[h³ / ~ 95  dq-an-bp-sS 101 {]-W-b-Ko-X§Ä / P-em-ep-±o³ dq-an / hn-h: Fw ]n kene / ~ 90

B

Un kn _pIvkv, Un kn Ing--s°apdn CSw, tIm´bw 686 001 a0481˛256 3114, 9846133336 ccustomercare@dcbooks.com Visit our online bookstore at www.dcbookshop.net, www.dcbooks.com

26

aÕc§-sf t\-cn-Sp¶-Xv F-§s\? C¶s¯ _nkn-\kv cwK¯v aÕ-c§fpw {]Xn-k-Ôn-Ifpw km[m-c-W-am-Wv. t]mkn-äohv a\-Øn-Xnbpw t]mkn-äohv at\m-`m-hhpw hfÀ¯p-I-sb-¶-XmWv {] [m-\w. GXv Xc-¯n-ep-ff shÃp-hn-fnIfpw t]mkn-äohv at\m-`m-h-ap-s≠-¦n adn-I-S-¡m-hp-¶tXbpf-fq. ]pXnb ]mT -§Ä ]Tn-¡m\pw \½psS ZuÀ_-ey§Ä a\-Ên-em-¡m\pw shÃp-hn-fn-IÄ klm-bn-¡p-¶p. kzbw sa¨-s¸-Sm-\p-ff Ah-k-c-§-fmWv shÃp-hn-fn-IÄ. ^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pv-saâ v \-S-¯p¶Xv F-§s\? km-¼¯n-I am-µyw _nkn-\-Êns\ _m[n-¨n-cpt¶m? \ne-hnse kml-N-cy-§Ä¡-\p-k-cn¨mWv Øm]-\-¯nsâ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä apt¶m«v sIm≠p-t]m-tI-≠-sX-¦nepw `mhn ap³Iq-«n-I-≠p-ff ZoÀL-Ime ]²-Xn-IÄ Bkq-{XWw sN¿p-Isb-¶Xv hfsc {][m-\-amWv. CXn R§Ä Hcp-X-c-¯n-ep-ff hn«p-hogvNbv¡pw X¿m-dÃ. C¯cw ZoÀL-ho£Ww `mhn-bn D≠m-Ip-¶ GXp {]

Xn-k-Ôn-tbbpw t\cn-Sm³ Fs¶ {]m]vX-\m-¡p-¶p. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS \qX\ B-i-b§tfmSv ]peÀ¯p¶ kao-]-\w? Gähpw Xmsg¯-«n DÅ Poh\¡m-cn \n¶mWv \à Bi-b-§Ä ]e-t¸mgpw e`n¡pI. ImcWw D]t`m-àm-¡-fp-ambn ASp-¯n-S-]-g-Im³ Ign-bp-¶Xv AhÀ¡m-Wv. D]-t`m-àm¡-fpsS Xm¸-cy-§fpw CjvS-§fpw a\-Ên-em-¡m³ Ign-bp-¶Xv AhÀ¡mWv. C¶s¯ aÕ-c-cm[n-jvTn-X-amb temI¯v \nc-h[n \qX\ Bi-b-§Ä ]eÀ¡pw ]d-bm-\p-≠m-hpw. ]t£ km[y-X-bpÅ Bi-b-§Ä Is≠-¯n Ahsb thK-¯n \S-¸n-em-¡p-I-sb-¶XmWv {][m\w kw-cw-`-I Po-hn-X-¯n F-t¸m-sg¦nepw tXmÂ-hn t\-cn-«n-«p-t­­≠m? apI-fn kqNn-¸-n¨-Xp-t]mse {] Xn-k-Ôn-IÄ F§s\ XcWw sN¿p¶p F¶-XmWv {][-m\w. t]mkn-äohv at\m`m-h-amWv ]cm-P-b-§-fn ]peÀt¯-≠Xv.


6

PohPoh-\ \-¡ -¡mÀ mÀ kzbw kzbw {]tNm{]tNm-ZZn-n-X X-c-cm-m-I IWw Ww kwcw`-I ³:³:tPmbv ¡ mkv kwcw`-I tPmbvBepBep¡ mkv

C O V E R S T O R Y C O V E R S T O R Y

kwcw`w: ¡ mkv \\ okv kwcw`w:tPmbv tPmbvBepBep¡ mkv{Kq¸v {Kq¸vHm^v Hm^vI¼I¼okv

\à {]-IS-\w Im-gv-¨-shm³sX-ä\pkm--X cn-¨ A-m³ Xn-t{ih-² Kw ]pam-e dm³ ]-¡ Xnhv n-¡ n-cv-¡ À-¯Rpw.§-Ä k-Zm-kkm-[n-¡q. ¶² c mW v . F¶pw ]pXpa B{ Kn-¡ p-¶-h]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm-]-\l -¯ n kz-bw {]-tNmZ ncmW v R§ f ps S D] t `mà m¡Ä, Ah -cp-sS {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶Xv? X-cm-Im-¯-hÀ-¡v do-s«-bv Xm-_n¸cy§ Ä¡\ pk c n¨v amd m³ X¿ mkn-\-kv cw-K-¯v am-ä-§Ä-¡p am-{X-dam-m-bnG-sXm-s¡ Wv X-cam- ä-anÃm¯sÃ-¦Xn wà I-¼ -\n--f ¡ s¶-]bv-\m--§ WÄ¡pw v. F¶pw ]pXpa B{ Kl nv. D-\]ã -t`mm-¡ p-sv SX-kzF¶pw ]pXp-a B-{K-ln- ¯n {]-tNmZ-\w ¡p¶¶ -h-h -cm--cW v R§ -f-f p-sp-SsS a-Õ-c§a-d-I n-IÄ¡p-S-¡p¶v FB-{K-l§Ä¡pw {]-sXfo-£ sam-X ¯ v D-§ b-cs\? p-I-bm-Wv ¡pm-W v R§ \Â-In-bmepw HmtcmA-shÃpF-Ä-\¡ n-¡ mWv D-] t `mà m¡Ä, Ah c pR-§-fp-sS e£yw. Xn-\m-h bn-f n nbpw am-ä-§ -\v p-lkc-c-an-¨ v A-. A-sXm¶pw D-]-t`m-àm¡Ä, A-h-cpshà ph nf nI Ä AX nP oh n¨ v apt ¶d p¶ X v Xnt hK w amd m³ R§ Ä kZ mk¶ ² c mW v . F¶pw sSsSXm ¸cy§ Ä¡\\ p- pØm-bn]pXpB- a B-{KXm¸cy§ Ä¡Rm³ Bk z--cZn-m-¡ m-v dRp-≠ v. -f h-p-f -c p-¶ -X n-\v A-\p-kl n¡ p¶ h W § s S D] t `mk-kcn¨v v amdm³ ¿¿ m-dm-m-db n- nbn-cn-¡àm¡Ä, nÃ. cn-¨ hn- fn-¸cyIÄ § cq-£ hpw k--c¦n¨v oÀ-® cn¨v v amdm³X-Xm-b Ahv -cshÃpp-sS XmÄ¡\p-k am-dhpamm³ F-t¶m-XsSmsæ n \ã w I¼ \ n¡ v A-h ]-cwn-l -cn-¨ ap-tv ¶p-¶b-Xm-W n-eq-v.sS A-\p¿m-dm-bn-sIpw. Ã-¦n \-ã I-¼ -\v n-¡ X-sd¶sÃ-¦n \-ãw I-¼-\n-¡v ¸w D-Å-hX-Xs¶bb m-W v v bp¶]mT-c§-sZnf\a-wdn-]pXnI-S-¡ X§ v F--Ä §]Tn¡ps\? I Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. s¶m-W scÃmw a-X-Õ s¶ ^n\ m³j y amt \P v s aâ S-¯ p¶Hmtcm shÃph nf nbpw F\ n¡ v lc-av \mWv . shÃX p-hv nI-¼-\n-bp-sS ¯nam-µys¯ t\cn«-m-X fn-m-IW Äv A-XF§s\? n-Po-hn-¨v ap-kmt¶-¼ dp-¶ -XI v Rm³ B-kzmZn-¡ dp-v h-fÀ-¨-b F§ s\? ≠v . hf c p¶ X n\ v A\ pk c n¨ v shÃph nf nI Ä cq£ hpw e-£yw F¶ kzÀ®\-§ c-£ n-X-X-\n-e n-tq-£k-¦soÀ-S®hpam-I pw. A-sh¯ ]-cP-n-l cn-¨Äv ap-kpt¶dp-¶ sS t_m-[-t¯m]a mb n GXpt ami w Ah Ø b nepw IW A\ pZ n\ w ]pXnb ]mT§ Ä ]Tn¡pI IqS nb mW v. -¡mkz-bw {]-tNm-Z-\¡p-¶ n-\Pm km-v \¼S-¯ I-amµyw Pq-hÂ-dn apÄ-s¡m-≠ v tPm^n\m³-jy am--X t\v-saâ -¯n-p¶Xv F§s\? taJ es b _m[ n¨ n« nÃ. en-sN-¿p-¶-hkm-cmWv ¼.¯n-I am-µys¯ t\-cn«-Xv F-§s\? l-{P]-\h-§ À-¯ -ccp-s-£ S Bin-t-b£§-]s-afm-b kzmKXw A-hÀ-¡v Ir-Xyam-kzÀ®b sk¯ Ä -I kpn-X-\ n dp-t≠m? -c-¯ \-n-S\-¸m m¡nb i-¼-f-hÀ-²-\bpwGXpB-\ p- iwsNtamA-¿hm--Ø -bnepwAI-¯ W-I m-¡n p-¶-X kmG-sXepw le--Nscyw Dt≠m? Iq-ey-§-fpw Øm-\-¡ -b- n-I-amµyw ¼-¯ Pq-¦ hn-Âdn kmta-J b _m[n-¨n-«nÃ. kl { ]h À¯ I c n \n¶p amaÿ]-m-cnähpw k-a-bm-k-a-b-¯v \ÂI mk-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS B-i-b§-sf kzmKX{wX-sNb-a-cp--¯ Å n G-s\Xmcm-m¡nfnÂb\n¶pw ipw -b-§ dp-≠v . dp-t≠m? A-N-¯ S-¸ G-sX-B¦n-e km-Ä kzmKX w sN¿ m³ Rm³ aS nI mW n¡ md nÃ. D-¶X-X-e-§-fn-en-cn-¡p¶h-sc F§-sl\Ncyw Dt≠m? k-À-l -{]--Ih-cÀ-n ¯\n-I¶ -cn \n¶pw B-§Ä ¯n hn-v `sNm-K¿ w p¶p? G-sXm-s¡ co-Xn am-HR t\-P k-l-{]-h ¯ p am{X-aà \à ]-cn-N -bi -ap--b Å e` n¡ m\ mb n Ah c pa mb n _u² nI amb A-h-ew-_ n¨ mepw tPmb v Be p¡ mk v FÃm s{]m^-j-W Øm-]-\G-sXm-cm-fn \n¶pw B-i-b-§Ä kzmK-Xw sN-¿m³NÀI-Ä -¯-{]m-dhp-≠ v . C¯cw\n¶pw NÀ-¨-IF-¶§Ä¡papÅIp-Spw-_-¯n-X se Aw-K-am-RsW¶ p t]mse §Ä¡pw \nch-[a-n Sn-I¨Rm³ m-W n-¡Rm³ m-dnÃ. \k-Sl À-¯ -I-cn fnÂ\n¶pw [mcf w Bi b § Ä h¶ «p-n-≠v . t_m-hn[-t`¯ms S DÅ n \n¶pw kzb w m-K-§-fp-≠v . Hmtcm hn-`m-K-¯n\pw \à B-i-b-§Ä e-`n-¡m-\m-bn A-h-cp-am-bn _u-n-² H--I cp-Ät\Xmhv \F-S¶ -bv .n D-d-¨ p-a-¡ m-\- {]-tNmZ\-cwp-tDÄs¡m≠av -X {]--eh-IÀ--f¯ ¡ p-¶ - ¼IamA-h SXmb Nppw n-D≠ v. I-\n-bbp- NÀ-¨ Rm³ -¯m-\ndp-e ≠ C¯cw XoNÀ-c¨ §f ne qs S Chsb {]mh À¯ nI a m¡ m\ phÀ-¡sS p am{ Xs a \à {]I S\ w Img v ¨ {]-hÀ-¯-\-s¯-¡p-dn¨pw `m-hn-]-²-X n-I- \n¶pw [mc-fw B-i-b-§Ä h-¶n-«p-≠v . H-cp t\- Å fn NmZ\wD-Po-\-¡ v ]--fIn-e À-¶ \Â-Ip-Ish-¡sfm³ [n-¡Xoq. ckz{]-Ä tNm- m³ Xmhv ¡kmp-dn¨pw p-am-b\w-§ F-ZSn-X p-¡ D-¶-XF-¶ {]\n-te -bn d-¨hXocp-mÀam-¡ \-§ q-sSp Chsb bmW v Fs â IÀ¯ h yw. cm-Im-D-¯ h À¡ v Gs Xms ¡ Xc ¯ n tZym-K-Ø-cp- S ao-änw-Kp-IÄ b-Ym-{I-a{]mw hn-hfÀ-n- ¯n-I-am-¡m-\p-Å {]-tNmZ-\w Po-h-\-¡mÀ-¡v {]-tNmZ\q-w«m-\ÂIv .n-b A-p-sSXm¶pw kwcwIm-W Po-v h -¯IÀn¯ F--h t¸m¨p-I dp-≠ I-mepw ¼-\n-b {]-hÀ¯-\w]-kpIÀ-K ¶- p \ÂIp-I`-b F-n-X sâ yw. sg-¦nepw Øm-a-banm-Bn-¡p-¶ nÃ.pt≠m F-t¶mSm--d¸n-b w m-\pw Hm-tcm tXmÂh n t\c n« n« pt≠m? An-s\ F§bn b \-n-Sc-¡ F-s¶ kwcw-`I Po-hn-X-¯n F-t¸m-sg-¦nepwXtXmÂhn s\ D-Å-h X-s¶ I¼d-\ sS-§h--Ä fÀt\c n«p? {]--stcÃmw Z-i-s¯bpw sNp-Nn-b -ep--\ t\-cn-«n-«pt≠m? A-Xn-s\ F§-s\ t\-cn«p? ¨-bm-t]mepw Wv e-£Iyw≠ F¶ -t¯mkwPo-h-an-X w IÃpw pÅpw \n-d. -ªp a-\t_m-Ên-e[ m-¡ m\pwsSC-S-bv-¡n-skwS cw-`-I Pohn-cXw-`w -IIÃpw pÅpw \n-d-a-ª -XmWv kz-bFÃm w {]-tNmZ-\d-aq-apÄ¡m-Rm³ ≠v tPmXmWv . Cu bm{ Xb n hog v ¨ I Ä kzmtjmp-Isfpw k-eµn- À-in-¡Cu m-dp-≠ v . {X-bn ho-gv-¨-IÄ kzm-`m-hn-I-amWv. C¯-`cm-whn-IsN-¿H¼p-¶-h v Irbdq-ap-I-fm-WbmamWv. C¯cw-fhogv-¨ IÄ Hmtcm ]mT§ -fmWv X-cp mWv cm-P. y-A§h -fÀ-n-e¡ m-b n 85Xyamtjmv gv-¨IÄ Hmtcm ]mT-§ mWv . CS-bv¡ n-S-bv¡ v hogv-¨ - . i-¼-fR-h§ À-²Ä--\¡ bpw p-I -fpw k-µÀ-hoCS b ¡ nS b v ¡ v hog v ¨ I Ä D≠ mb m am{ Xp-ÅB-Xv .\Chq-n-e sS-y-§ sbÃmw i n¡ pD-≠m-bm am-{X-sa \-½Ä Pohn-X ]mT-§Ä ] sa Øm-¶\-¡ hpwa-b k--saa--b km -a-b-¯ v epw F-\IÄ \-½Ä Pohn-X ]mT-§Ä ]Tn¡q. F-sâ kwXn--b \-äv kSp-m-¯ t]mn¡ v \Â-I ≠n-Sv . -t¯m-fw Im-ew Cu ]-Xnhv Tn¡q. cw-`c-I Po-h nepw F-tFâXmbb ho-ghov-¨g-Iv- Ä ]-m-ädp-p-¶ F-sâ kww-`-I Po-n-X h-¯ n-X-¯ nepw tâXm≠ mb n« p≠ v . Ah s bÃmw ]n¶ oS pÅ sXncn-n-c¡ m³p¶h{i-² D-¶XXä-en-¡ -§m--fXn-e n-¡ sc]p-eÀ-¯pw. ¨-IÄ F-\Dn-¡v D-≠m-bn-«p-≠v. A-h-sbÃmw ]n-¶o-Sp-bmÅ{Xbv ¡ v {]t NmZ\ w Xs ¶b mb nc p¶p. F§-]pXns\ am\-P v sN¿Fp¶p? b tamä§sf §-s\-bm-Wv Øm-\b - v-¡v {]-tNmZ-\w X-s¶-bm-bn-cp¶p. bm-]{X-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶-Xv F-§s\? FÃm s{]m^-j-W  Øm¯n {]m-h hn-]-Wn-bp-sS-bpw D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sSbpw Äm--k ]-\-§Be Ä¡papÅhy-h]--k b-av -{´w Xs¶ global Xp À-t]mse ¯n-I-am-¡pA-dn-bm³b{]m]v-X bä\nchn hntPm-touch bv-Bloyal -eq- F-Rw A]cmv-tUv sN¿[p¶XZv -Kv-[Àand n hn-`?m-K¶§ p-ÅÄ¡pw -Xm-Wv.\n-ch-[¶Xv ¡m¸n tPmen- t\m-¡p-¶p-≠v . C-tXm-sSm-¸w F-k §v {Kqs\? §-sf\p-≠ v . Hmtcm do-sn\pw «-bv Po-h -\-t-¡ tam«n-th-ävhn-`m-K-¯ R-§hn-fp-] sS-WH-n-cbp p-s anÃyWD-n n-Im-w¡h-- cp-¶ D-] `m-msc àm- F§S-bpw ]-tA`m-[ à A-h-cp-sSXm-b Np-a-X_n-e-I D-≠ k-fn-pw \-k v v. sN¿ p¶p? ¡-fpfsp-sSbpw S Xm-]ÂÄ -¸-k -cy-v § sSbpw q-sSbpw A--fdn-n-e bq-m³ {]m-Im]v-Xgv-¨-¸m-Sn-e I-m-k ¼v-\Fn-b¶ p-sShen{]-hÀ-¯ ¯-v ¡ cw--\K-s-¯ am- ptPmb v Be p¡ hn-cm]b -Wn-\nbc p-sh-S[amä-§ dn-bb m\pw p-sS {]-Xo-£n hnZ-KÄv-[AÀ tPmv- B-A-h-csbmdn¨pw `m-h ]-² ¡Ä-p-d¡ n¨pw p p IpSpw-[_ n-se AwKn--§ - -Xn-I-sä-f-§ s¡m¯ v tkh¸ -\n -§-ftPmenpw DÂ-t\m¸-¶¡ -§p-fpw \Â-Ic m³ kmn- -¯Xoep-¡ m-k v {Kqcp-m-acm-- \-§Ä F-Sp-¡ am-m³ {X-aD-m-¶ W-X v amfmWv Hmtcm Poh \ ¡ ¡p¶p. sXsBkn--fsp-â f-X-e-¯n-se ¶p-≠Iqv . C-Stm-XmSm-¸ewq-¡ R-m-§ sSB-tKm-\pw. D-XtZymK-Ø -csp-sâS ao-ää-nw-aKnÃm¯p-IÄ Xv. AXps Im≠ p s ¶ AhkmB-n tKm-Af-h e am-ä-§Ä A-dn-bm\pw b-Ym-{I-aw hn-fn-¨p-Iq-DH-c¶ p n[yw anÃy-W [n-] I-W w h-n-b cp-n-s¶ «m-]d-tp-≠ v . I-m-¼`m-à B§-\Äp-k]-- cn-K-Wn-t¡-≠-Xv A-D-X \à {]m-m-t¡ Zin] -W-¸n-b sS -fANn-h I-i Ä-y-¡ ]n--ts`m-fp-I sS hnXm-cy-p-§ n- `n-cp-I\n-mWv bp-s. SC-{]h À¯\w¡kpm-bn fp-Ks-aS-akz¼ \ nb ps S IS a b X n\ mb n cn-eq¨v samäwh-cImp-¯ hn-m-] n-e-h-X k-lm-bn- \-S-¡p-¶pt≠m F-¶]v-d-\ Sbpw gv-¨n -¸ Sn--W eq-sn-b Sbpw hn--c]n-¸ - n-¡H-m\pw n-b-§ m Ä¡pw c p HR hn` mK w D≠ v . Ch À \n¡p¶bp.p-sR-f-§ p-sSÄhyhd-k b-a-{´w Xs¶ Be global -\pw Hm-tcm {]-tZ-i-s¯bpw WnS§ am-ä An-bm-m\pw B-{K- sNch-[n ]-²-Xn-I-fn-eq-sS Po-h-\-¡mand ¶-sp-¡mÅ-X¯ m-W v. hA-touch h-cp-sSloyal {]-XFo-£ v tk-§ I-≠p a-\l§Ä¡pw sc {]-tNm-Zn-¸n-¡m-dpdp-N ≠-ev .-\F¶-Än-ct]mepw ppwmsc DÂ-¸ -¶-§ fpwtam\Âm³ eb m-¡ m\pw FÃm Po-\-h§ -\-f -¡ F§s\ «n-I thäv sN-¿¶mepw p¶p? F-sâ A-`Ên{]-n-s XSo-£ n-{]m-¯ n C-S-bv-¡ km[n-b ¡v -B p¶p. Iq-m-Sk m-sv X p-¡sm-bmkn-cp Iptjmap-X Infpw Rm³ k-µÀ-in-¡mtPm-eq-¡ F-B¶e henIÄ¡pHRSpwhn-_ `m--¯ Kwn- G-sXms¡dq-coA-h sâAwBKm--ffmWv -X-e-¯ n-se Pokmn[yw dp-v ≠ p cm-fn-¯ em-b se Kt-§ Hmtcm h¶ -\-¡ m-c-\pw.ew-AXpIm- tPm-b samv n 85 _n-¨smepw B-v .eH¼p-¡X m-k v Py-§ B-XtKmf-hAhn-]-W n-bn-Bseham-§Ä Ä ]A-cn-K-W dq-ap-KI-a-fm-m-Wv R-§ Åm--Xv . ≠p s¶ sâ -iy-ä§ ¡-Ip≠S-Xpw-v _-¯n-tjmD-bÄ--c¡ p-Ip--b F-n-t¶ se Aw\mWv {]m-. tCZinC-shSn-sD-S-Å sbÃmw in-¡ ¶-X I-dn¼b -\m\pw n-bp-sSA-I-XSn--as-b Xn-I \m-hnbn]H-- cp HR hn-`t_mm-Kw [-t¯mR-p-§ fp-nsW¶ n k-µÀ-Wv Wn-v. b sSÀ Acp-[ Nnn-I kn-e -cq-n-¨ k-\aw-bDÄ-sa-Ssp-¡m¯m sS t]m-e£yw epw FD-≠ C-p-h \n-`cn-h]-IJ¡ -Xn--\ Ip--f sSv Po-h -\-¡m-skzc bw {]-t\v \n¶pw NmZäw Zh¯m-d n p-hnbn-n-e -Xmepw -cn-¸n- F-s≠v \n--h¡ v ]-päamp-¶ wX Im{]-amtNmn-¸cn-p-¡ ≠]v. -W F-n-¶ cp--h¶ â Abn-- ¡p-¶ n-\em-wbCu n {]-`hn-{À-]m¯ À-¡ {X-n-St-ta¯m-fA¡m\pw k-lm-bn-¡p-¶p. R-§-fp-sS am-ä-§Ä-¡-

kz kz-

2727


kwcw-`-IXzw

7

Xocp-am-\-§Ä ]e-X-hW hni-I-e\w sN¿pI kwcw-`-w: _nknPn _nÂtUgvkv

kwcw-`-I: tcJm _m_p

kw

cw-`-I-sb¶ \ne-bn F§-s\ kzbw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶p? I¬-kv-{S-£³ cwK-s¯ am-ä-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw, a-äv I-¼-\n-I-fp-sS t{]m-P-Îp-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw k-Zm {i-²m-ep-hmWv. Un-ssk-\nw-Kv ap-X I¬-kv-{S-£³ h-sc FÃm ta-J-e-I-fnepw kz´w A-`n-cp-Nn Iq-Sn ]-co-£n-¡-W-sa-¶ \n À-_-Ô-ap-Å-Xn-\m Cu ta-J-e-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨v Iq-Sp-X ]Tn-¡m³ ka-bw I-s≠-¯p-¶p≠v. Po-h-\-¡m-sc F§-s\ tam-«n-th-äv sN-¿p¶p? k-l-{]-hÀ-¯I-sc kp-lr-¯p-¡-fm-bn Im-Wp-I. {]-hÀ-¯-\ kzm-X-{´yw \Â-Ip-I. H-cn-¡epw `c-Ww aq-ew A-hÀ k-½À-±-¯nem-I-cpXv. cmhnse 9.30 apX sshIn«v 6.00 h-sc am{Xta Poh-\-¡m-cpsS tkh\w I¼\n Bh-iy-s¸-Sm-dp-ffq. A-Xn-\-¸pdw, A-hÀ-¡v kz´w Po-hn-X-ap≠v. A-Xv \mw Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡Ww. an-I-¨ {]-hr-¯nI-sf t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¨v I-gn-hv h-fÀ-¯n-sb-Sp-¡Ww. ko-\n-bÀ X-e-§-fn-ep-Åh-sc F§-s\ am-t\Pv sN-¿p¶p? I-gnhv, {]mbw, A-\p-`-h k¼-¯v F¶n-h am-\n-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-I. kz-´w Xo-cp-am-\w A-Sn-t¨Â-¸n¡p-I F-¶-Xn-ep-]-cn-bmbn, C¯cw k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS \nÀ-t±-iw B-cmbp-I F-¶-XmIpw Nn-e k-µÀ-`-§-fn ^-e-{]Zw. ]pXnb Xocp-am-\-§Ä I¼-\n-bn F§-s\ \-S-¸m-¡p¶p? Ir-Xy-am-b hn-]-Wn-]T\w, `m-hn km-[yXIÄ, hn-]-¯p-IÄ F-¶nh-sb ap³-Iq-«n I-≠p am-{X-ta ]p-¯³ ]-²-Xn-IÄ B-kq-{X-Ww sN-¿m-dpÅq. Ip-Spw-_mw-K-§-fp-sSbpw k-l-{]hÀ-¯-I-cp-sSbpw ]qÀ-® ]n-´p-W-tbm-Sp IqSn NÀ-¨ sN-bv-Xv hn-P-b km[y-X D-d-¸n-¨ ti-jw am-{X-ta ]pXn-b ]-²-Xn-I-fn-te-¡v Im-eq-¶p-I-

k-l-{]-hÀ-¯I-sc kp-lr¯p-¡-fm-bn Im-Wp-I. {]-hÀ¯-\ kzm-X-{´yw \Â-Ip-I. H-cn-¡epw `c-Ww aq-ew A-hÀ k-½À-±-¯n-em-I-cpXv. cmhnse 9.30 apX sshIn«v 6.00 h-sc am{Xta Poh-\-¡m-cpsS tkh\w I¼\n Bh-iy-s¸-Smdp-ffq. A-Xn-\-¸pdw, A-hÀ-¡v kz-´w Po-hn-X-ap≠v. A-Xv \mw Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡Ww. an-I-¨ {]-hr¯nI-sf t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¨v I-gnhv h-fÀ-¯n-sb-Sp-¡Ww

bpÅq. aÕ-c§-sf F§-s\-bmWv t\-cn-Sp¶Xv? hn-]-Wn-sb-¡p-dn-¨p-Å i-cnbm-b ]T-\-amWv FÃm-¯nsâbpw A-Sn-Øm\w. D-]-t`m-

àm-¡-fp-sS kw-Xr-]v-Xn-sb ap³-\nÀ-¯n Un-ssk-\nepw I¬-kv-{S-£-\nepw ]pXp-a ]-co-£n-¡p-I. em-`w t\-Sp-¶tXm-sSm-¸w X-s¶ D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS kw-Xr-]v-Xn-bpw ]-cn-K-Wn-¡p-I. D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS lrZ-bw ssI-b-S-¡m\m-bm ]n-s¶ ]n³-Xn-cn-ªv t\m-t¡-≠-n-h-cnÃ. km-¼¯n-I am-µy-s¯ F§-s\ t\-cn«p? _n-kn-\-kn [-\-]cam-b G-ä-¡p-d-¨n-ep-IÄ kzm`m-hn-Iw am-{Xw. \-b-]-cam-b ]-²-Xn-IÄ B-kq-{X-Ww sN-bv-Xpw hn-iz-kv-Xcmb sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS Nn-«bm-b {]-hÀ¯-\-ssi-en sIm≠pw km-¼¯n-I ]-cm-[o-\-XIsf a-dn-I-S-¡m-\m-Ipw. _n-kn-\-kn [m-cm-f-n-bm-ImsX, B-hiyw I-≠-dn-ªv ]-Ww sN-e-hm¡p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv D-NnXw. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS \qX\ B-ib-§-tfm-Sv ]p-eÀ¯p-¶ k-ao-]\w? kzo-Imcy-tbm-Ky-amb-Xv ]qÀ-Wa-\-tkm-sS kzo-I-cn¡pw. Im-cWw, Po-h-\-¡m-cm-Wv H-cp Øm]\-s¯ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw "\-s«Ãv'F-¶p ]-d-bp-¶Xv. A-\p-`-h k-¼-¯n \n-¶mÀ-Pn-¨ I-cp-¯n \n-¶p-am-Wv A-hÀ B-i-b-§Ä ap-t¶m-«v h-bv¡p-¶Xv, Rm-\-Xn hn-iz-kn¡p¶p. _n-kn-\-kn-se ]-cm-P-b§-sf F§-s\ a-dn-I-S¶p? ]-cm-P-b-§Ä A-[n-Iw t\-cn-«n-«nÃm-¯ hy-àn-bm-Wv Rm³. kz-´w Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä \-S-¸n-em¡pw ap³-]v B Xo-cp-am-\-s¯ ]-eX-h-W hn-i-Ie-\w sN-¿pw. ]n-¶o-Sv sX-äm-bn-t¸m-bn F-¶p]-d-bm-\p-Å C-S-h-cp-¯nÃ. A-XpXs¶-bm-Wv F-sâ hn-P-b c-l-ky-hpw.

28


8

C O V E R

S T O R Y

Hmtcm shÃp-hn-fnbpw Ah-kcw kwcw-`-I³: Pn ]n kn \mbÀ

kwcw`w: FkvknFwFkv {Kq¸v Hm^v FUyp-t¡-j-W C³Ìn-äyq-j³kv

Adn-bm¯ taJ-e-bn hyh-kmbw \S-¯m³ Cd-§n-¯ncn-¡-cp-Xv. km¼-¯nI A¨-S¡w hyàn-Pohn-X-¯nepw HutZymKnI PohnX-¯nepw ]c-a-{]-[m\-amWv

_p-²n-]qÀ-Æw hn\n-tbm-Kn-¨v ap-t¶-dn-bm-Wv a-Õ-c§-sf a-dnI-S-¡p-¶-Xv. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS B-i-b§-sf kzmK-Xw sN-¿m-dpt≠m? A-¯-c-¯n \-S-¸m¡n-b G-sX-¦n-epw km-l-Ncyw Dt≠m? XoÀ-¨-bmbpw D-≠v . k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-IÀ-¡v A-h-cp-sS B-i-b-§Ä ]-¦p-sh-¡m-\p-Å th-Zn-bm-Wv A-[ym-]-I-cp-sS ao-än-wKv. A-hn-sS-sh-¨v Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ D-¶-a-\-¯n-\m-bn A-hÀ ]-d-bp-¶ G-Xv B-i-bhpw kzm-KXw sN¿pw. F-¶m hy-àn-]-cam-b Xm¸cyw H-cn-¡epw Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡nÃ. k-l{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS B-i-b-§Ä A-\p-k-cn-¨v tIm-gv-kv C-¶th-j-\pw, F³-Pn-\o-b-dnw-Kv hn-`m-K-¯n Iq-Sp-X im-J-IÄ Øm-]-\-¯n sIm-≠p-h-cn-Ibpw sN-bv-Xn-«p-≠v . _nkn-\kv Po-hn-X-¯n F-t¸m-sg-¦nepw tXmÂ-hn t\-cn«n-«pt≠m? A-Xn-s\ F§-s\ t\-cn«p, C¯-cw tXmÂ-hnIÄ ]n-¶o-Sp-Å Po-hn-X-¯n-\v {]-tNm-Z-\-am-bn-«p-t≠m? 1980 Rm³ H-cp hy-h-km-bw Xp-S-§nþkv-äoÂ-sS-¡v ss{]-h-äv en-an-ä-Uv I-¼-\n. C-Xv Rm³ A©p-sImÃw \-S¯n. sXm-gn-em-fn k-a-c-§fpw km-¼-¯n-I-_m-[y-Xbpw aq-ew Øm]-\w A-S-¨p-]q-t«≠n h¶p. Cu ]-cmP-bw F-s¶ {]-[m-\-ambpw c-≠p ]mT-§Ä ]Tn-¸n-¨p. 1. \-ap-¡v A-dn-bm-¯ ta-J-e-bn hy-h-km-bw sN-¿m³ C-d§n-¯ncn¡-cpXvv 2. km-¼¯n-I A-¨S-¡w hy-àn-Po-hn-X-¯n-epw Hu-tZymKn-I Po-hn-X-¯nepw ]-c-a-{]-[m-\-am-Wv. Cu c-≠p ]mT-§Ä C¶pw Po-hn-X-s¯ kzm-[o-\n-¡p-¶p-.

10x7.2

temImx kakvXm kpJnt\m `h´p

kzbw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶-Xv F-§s\? a-äp-Å Øm-]-\-§-fp-am-bn \n-c´-cw B-i-b-hn-\n

a-bw \-S-¯p-¶-Xneq-sS kz-bw A-]v tU-äv sN-¿m³ km-[n-¡m-dp-≠v . sX-¡³ sIm-dn-b, saÂ_¬, kznÊvv, PÀ-a\n, Cw-¥-≠v, A-ta-cn-¡ F-¶o hn-tZ-i-cmPy-§-fn-se kÀ-Æ-I-em-im-e-I-fp-am-bn Hu-tZymKn-I _-Ô-ap-≠v , A-hn-sS-bp-Å A-[ym-]-Icpw A-[n-Im-cnI-fp-am-bp-Å B-i-b-hn-\n-a-b-§Ä Iq-Sp-X A-dn-hv t\-Sm\pw A-Xn-\-\p-k-cn-¨v {]m-tbmKn-I am-ä§Ä SCMSsâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fn sIm-≠p-h-cm\pw km[n-¡m-dp-≠v . Po-h-\-¡msc F§-s\ tam-«n-th-äv sN-¿p¶p? Po-h-\-¡mÀ-¡p th-≠ A-Sn-Øm-\-ku-I-cy-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w tPm-en sN-¿m-\p-Å A-´co-£w kr-ãn-¡p-¶p. C-Xv Po-h-\-¡mÀ-¡v tPm-en sN-¿m-\p-Å {]-tNm-Z-\-amWv. Po-h-\-¡mÀ- F-¡me¯pw \-t½msSm-¸w \nÂ-¡-W-sa-¦n G-ähpw an-I-¨ km-l-N-cy-§Ä A-hÀ-¡v \Â-IWw. G-ähpw an-I-¨ ku-I-cy-§Ä A-hÀ-¡v H-cp¡n-sIm-Sp-¯n-«v an-I-¨ {]-hÀ¯-\w Im-gv-¨-sh-¡m³ B-h-iy-s¸-«m A-h-cXvv XoÀ-¨-bmbpw sN-bv-Xn-cn-¡pw. AÀ-l-X-s¸-«Xvv In-«p-¶nà F¶ tXm-¶Â h-cp-t¼m-gm-Wv sImgnªp-t]m-¡v D-≠m-Ip-¶-Xv. A¯-cw A-h-k-c-¯n-\v

C-S-sIm-Sp-¡m-Xn-cn-¡pI. Øm]-\-¯n D¶X Øm\w h-ln-¡p-¶h-sc F§-s\ am-t\-Pv sN-¿p¶p? D-bÀ-¶ X-e-§-fn tPm-en hn-`-Pn-¨p \Â-Ip¶-Xv F-§s\? tImÀ-]-td-äv Hm-^okv, cPnkv{SmÀ Hm-^okvv F-¶n§-s\ c-≠p h-Ip-¸p-I-fm-bn-«m-Wv D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz§Ä hn-`-Pn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. tImÀ-¸-td-äv Hm-^o-kn-sâ Npa-X-e A-©p U-b-d-Î-À-amÀ-¡mWv. AXp-t]m -se Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ Im-cy-\nÀÆ-l-W Npa-X-e cPnkv-{SmÀ Hm-^o-kn-\mWv. Cu c-≠p-h-Ip-¸p-I-fn-eq-sS D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-§Ä hn-`-Pn-¨p \Â-In-s¡m-≠m-Wv Øm]-\w ap-t¶-dp-¶-Xv. ]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm-]-\-¯n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶Xv? am-ä-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨v F-t¸mgpw Rm³ Pm-K-cq-I-\mWv. ]p-kv-X-I-¯n \n-¶p am{Xw am-ä-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨v A-dn-bmsX, A-Xn-s\-¡p-dn-¨v Iq-Sp-X B-g-¯n A-dn-bm³ F-t¸mgpw {i-²n-¡m-dp-≠v . C-§-s\-bp-Å am-ä-§-sf¸-änbpw B-h-iy-I-X-sb-¸-änbpw Po-h-\-¡msc t_m-[-hm-³am-cm¡n, AXvv \-S-¸n-em-¡m³ th-≠ FÃm ]n-´p-Wbpw Øm]-\w sN-¿p-¶p-. a-Õ-c§-sf a-dn-I-S-¡p¶-Xv F§s\? Hmtcm shÃp-hn-fnbpw A-h-k-c-§-fmWv. A-Xv

Xmc\pw, apSn-sIm-gn-¨nen-\pw, Xe-th-Z\bv¡pw, Dd-¡an-Ãmbvabv¡pw am{X-aà Dt·-j-¡pdhn\pw Bizmk{]Zw \n§Ä C\nbpw IrjvW-Xp-fkn slbÀtSm-WnIv D]-tbm-Kn¨pXpS-§n-bntÃ?

IrjvW

Xpfkn slbÀ tSmWn¡v MVM Ayurvedic Research Lab

Pooyappally P.O, Kollam. Ph. 2463788 e-mail : krishnathulsiherbals@yahoo.co.in | www.krishnathulsi.com

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9

Poh-\-¡msc {]iw-kn-¡m³ hnap-JX ImWn-¡-cpXv kw-cw`-I: ]À-ho¬ l-^okv

Hcp kwcw-`-I-sb¶ \ne-bn F§s\ kz-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶p? sN-¿p-¶ FÃm Im-cy-¯nepw 100 iX-am-\w B-ßmÀ-°-X Im-Wn-¡p-¶ hyàn-bm-Wv Rm³. AXp-sIm-≠p X-s¶ Øm-]-\-¯nse Hmtcm hy-ànbpw F-t¶mSpw B-ßmÀ-°-X Im-Wn-¡p¶p. F-sâ kv-äm-^n-sâ ]qÀ-W ]n-´p-W-tbmsS-bm-Wv Rm³ Hmtcm Xo-cp-am-\s¯bpw hn-e-bn-cp-¯p-¶Xv. F-sâ Xo-cp-am-\§-sf tNmZyw sN-¿m\pw hn-iIe-\w sN-¿m-\p-ap-Å kzm-X{´yw Rm\-hÀ-¡v \Â-In-bn-«p≠v. ho-gv-N-I-fn \n¶pw I-cp-¯mÀ-Pn-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ hy-àn-bm-Wv Rm³. B-Xp-c-tk-h-\ cwK-¯v k¬-ssd-kv Iq-Sp-X i-à-cmtI≠-Xv P-\-§-fp-sS Iq-Sn B-h-iy-amWv. CXv IW-¡n-se-Sp¯v sa-Un-¡Â sk-an-\m-dp-I-fnepw tIm¬-^-d³-kp-Ifnepw ]qÀ-W {i-² ]-Xn-¸n-¡p¶p. hn]-Wn-bnse Hmtcm am-ä-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw

kw-cw`w: k¬-ssd-kv tlm-kv-]n-äÂ-kv

Rm³ {i-²m-ep-hmWv. F-s¶ Rm³ kz-bw \n-b-{´n-¡p¶p. kz-bw A-]vtU-äm-Im-¯ hy-àn¡v \n-e-\nÂ-¸nà F-¶ h-kv-Xp-X DÄ-s¡m-≠m-Wv Rm³ {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶Xv. Po-h-\-¡m-sc F§-s\ tam-«n-th-äv sN¿p¶p? Po-h-\-¡m-sc kz-´w Ip-Spw-_mwK-§-fm-bn I-cp-Xp-I. Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ hnP-bw H-cn-¡epw ta-e-[n-Im-cn-bp-sS am{Xw an-Sp¡Ã. an-I-¨ {]-I-S-\-§Ä-¡v {]-iw-kbpw Aw-Ko-Im-chpw \Â-Im³ H-cn-¡epw hn-ap-J-X Im-Wn-¡-cpXv. hÃt¸mgpw H-cp H-¶n-¨p-IqSÂ, ]n-d-¶mfmtLm-jw F¶n-h Po-h-\-¡m-sc Øm-]\-t¯m-Sv Iq-Sp-X A-Sp-¸n-¡p¶p. ko-\n-bÀ X-e-§-fn-ep-Åh-sc F§s\ am-t\-Pv sN-¿p¶p? CutKm ¢m-jv CÃm-sX D-bÀ-¶ Øm-\-¯p-Åh-sc \n-b-{´n¡p-I F¶Xv Xn-I¨pw {i-a-I-c-amWv. F-¶mÂ

Øm-]-\-¯n s]m-Xp-sh k-am-[m-\m-´-co£-am-Wp-Å-sX-¦n A-Xv H-cp {]-iv-\-am-bn tXm-¶nÃ. Øm\w-sIm-≠v ta-e[n-Im-cn-bpsS Xm-sg-bm-sW-¦n-epw Hmtcm hy-àn-bpsSbpw A-\p-`-h-k-¼-¯n-s\ \mw Aw-Ko-Icn-t¨ Xocq. A-h-cp-sS A-\p-`-h-§-fn \n¶pw h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS i-cnbm-b Zn-i I-s≠¯m³ I-gn-tª-¡mw. ]pXnb Xocp-am-\-§sf Øm]-\-¯n F§-s\-bmWv \-S-¸m-¡p¶Xv? `m-hn-bn-se Kp-WþtZm-j-§sf Ipdn¨v hn-i-Zam-b ]T-\w \-S¯n-b ti-jw am-{Xta ]-²-Xn-IÄ \-S-¸n h-cp-¯m-dpÅq. ]p-tcm-K-a-\-]-cam-b FÃm \-S-]-Sn-IÄ¡pw Øm-]-\-¯n-se _-Ô-s¸-« hy-àn-I-fp-sS k½-Xw tX-Sm-dp≠v. aÕ-c§-sf F§-s\-bmWv t\-cn-Sp¶Xv? B-Xp-c-tk-h-\-cwK-¯v aÕc-_p-²ntbmsS ap-t¶-dp¶-Xv H-cn-¡epw B-tcmKy-I-caÃ. A-Xn-\m X-s¶ aÕ-c§-sf t\-cn-Sp-¶-Xn Rm³ ]p-d-In-emWv. amä-§-tf-bpw, a-äv Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS ap-t¶ä-t¯bpw ku-lmÀ-±-]-c-am-bn Im-Wp-I, hn-e-bn-cp-¯p-I, \Ã-sX-¦n kz-´w Øm]-\-¯n \-S-¸n h-cp¯p-I, A-Xm-sWsâ coXn.

30

km-¼¯n-I am-µy-s¯ F§-s\ t\cnSp¶p? km-¼¯n-I amµyw s]m-Xp-sh _m-[n¡m-¯ c-≠v ta-J-e-I-fm-Wv B-tcm-Kyhpw hn-Zym-`ym-k-hpw. AXp-sIm-≠v X-s¶ Im-cyam-b km-¼¯n-I {]-iv-\-§Ä t\-cn-tS-≠n h-¶n-«nÃ. G-Xp km-¼¯n-I {]-Xn-k-Ôn¡n-S-bnepw Po-h-\¡m-tcm-Sv Iq-dp]p-eÀ-¯p-¶-Xm-Wv F-sâ hn-P-b c-l-kyw. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS \q-X-\ Bi-b§tfm-Sv ]p-eÀ-¯p-¶ k-ao]\w? R-§Ä H-cp Ip-Spw_w-t]m-se-bm-Wv Øm-]-\-¯n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶-Xv, A-hcp-sS hm-¡p-IÄ-¡v Ip-Spw-_mw-K-§-fp-sS hm-¡n-\p \Â-Ip-¶{XXs¶ {]m-[m\yw \Â-Ip¶p. Øm-]-\-¯nsâ D-¶-a\-s¯ e-£y-am-¡n am-{X-ta k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-IÀ A-`n-{]m-bw ]-d-bm-dp-Åq. kzo-Im-cyam-b B-i-b-§Ä \-S-¸n h-cp¯p-w. ]-cm-P-b§-sf F§-s\ a-dn-IS¶p? ssZ-hm-\p-{K-l-¯m C-Xph-sc ]-cmP-b§-sf t\-cn-tS-≠n h-¶n-«nÃ. Xn-cn-¨-SnI-fn \n¶pw A-\p-`-h-]mThpw I-cp¯pw BÀ-Pn-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv F-sâ kz-`mhw. A-Xn-\m X-s¶ ]-cm-P-b§-sf hn-P-b¯n-sâ ap-t¶m-Sn-bm-bn am-{X-ta ImWq.


C O V E R

10

S T O R Y

{]m[m\yw \ÂIp-¶Xv Poh-\-¡m-cpsS Bi-b-§Ä¡v kwcw-`-I³: \hmkv aocm³

kwcw`w: Cut̬ {Kq¸v

kz-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN¿p¶-Xv F-§s\?

tIm¬^-U-td-j-³ Hm^v C´y³ C³U-kv{Sn (kn-sF-sF) t]mep-ff kwL-S-\-I-fn kPo-h-amb-Xn-\m \nc-h[n t]cpambn Bi-b-hn-\n-abw \S¯m³ Ah-kcw e`n-¡m-dp-≠v. AXn \ns¶Ãmw _nkn-\-kp-ambn _Ô-s¸« ]pXnb amä-§fpw s{S³Up-I-fp-saÃmw a\-Ên-em-¡m³ km[n-¡m-dp-≠v. C¯-c¯n-ep-ff Câ-dm-£³kn-eq-sS-bmWv {] [m-\-ambpw Rm³ A]vtUäv sN¿-s¸-Sp¶-Xv. Poh-\-¡msc F§s\ tam«n-thäv sN¿p¶p? Poh-\-¡m-cpsS {]hÀ¯-\-§-fpsSbpw BßmÀ°-X-bp-sSbpw ]I-c-sat¶mWw I¼-\n-bn AhÀ¡v DS-a-ØXm-h-Imiw Dĸ-sS-bp-ff AÀln-¡p¶ \nc-h[n Imcy-§Ä \ÂIpw. ""\n§Ä sXäv sNbvtXm-fq, AXn-eqsS am{Xta ]pXnb Imcy-§Ä ]Tn-¡m³ km[n¡q,'' CXmWv Rm³ AhÀ¡v \ÂIp¶ D]tZ-iw. I-¼-\n-bn D-¶-X-X-e-§-fn tPm-ensN-¿p-¶h-sc F-§-s\-bm-Wv am-t\-Pv sN-¿p-¶Xv? AhÀ¡v 100 iX-am\w "{^oUw' \ ÂIp-¶p. At¸mÄ IqSp-X {Inbm-ß-Iambpw t{]mU-Iväo-hmbpw AhÀ¡v {] hÀ¯n-¡m³ km[n-¡pw. ]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm]-\-¯n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶-Xv? Poh-\-¡mcpsS ]qÀ® kl-I-c-Wt¯msS am{Xta I¼-\n-bn ]pXnb amä-§Ä {]mhÀ¯n-I-am-¡m-dp-f-fq. I¼-

\n-bn hcp-¯m-\p-t±-in¡p¶ amä§sf¡pdn¨v Hmtcm Poh-\-¡m-c\pw a\-Ên-em-Ip¶ coXn-bn hni-Z-am-¡n-s¡m-Sp-¡-Ww. AXv Hcp IY-t]mse ] d-ªp-\ÂIm³ km[n-¨m A{Xbpw \¶v. aÕc§-sf t\-cn-Sp¶-Xv F-§s\? ]e I¼-\n-Ifpw Cu taJ-e-bn ià-am-sW-¦nepw Ah-bvs¡Ãmw {]m tZ-inI Xe-¯n am{X-amWv km¶n[yw. FÃm kwØm-\-§-fnepw H¶mw \¼À {_m³Uv BIp-I-bmWv R§-fpsS e£yw. ^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pv-saâ v \-S-¯p¶Xv F-§s\? km-¼¯n-I am-µy-w _m[nt¨m? amµyw A{X-sbm¶pw R§sf _m[n¨n-«n-Ã. Brand driven I¼-\n-bmWv R§fp-tS-Xv. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS B-i-b§-sf kzmK-Xw sN-¿m-dp-t≠m? A-¯-c-¯n \-S-¸m¡n-b G-sX-¦nepw km-l-Ncyw Dt≠m? XoÀ¨-bm-bpw. I¼-\n-bpsS {]hÀ¯\-§-fn 90 iX-am-\hpw {]m[m \yw \ÂIp-¶Xv kl-{]-hÀ¯-I-cpsS \q X\ Bi-b-§Ä¡v Xs¶-bm-Wv. FÃm Øm]-\-§-fnepw A§-s\-X-s¶-bm-bncn-¡Ww kw`-hn-t¡-≠-Xv. Øm]\w hnP-b-§Ä Iog-S-¡p-t¼mÄ AXnsâ s{IUnäv am{Xw kwcw-`-I³ FSp-¡p-¶Xv icn-b-sÃ-¶mWv Fsâ A`n-{]-mbw. _nkn-\-Ên ]cm-P-b-§Ä t\cn-«n«pt≠m? ]e Imcy-§fpw sNbvXp Ignªv tijw tXm¶pwþCXn-t\-¡mÄ \¶mbn Imcy-§Ä sN¿m-sa¶v.

31


11

Poh-\-¡mÀ¡v ]qÀ® ]n´pW cw`w:InsäIv A¶ InsäIv kv kw-t_m_n cw`-I³:tP¡_v t_m_n tP¡_v kwcw`w:kwA¶ kv kwcw-`-I³: a-Õ-c§-sf a-dn-I-S-¡p¶-Xv F-§s\? a-Õ-c-§Ä h-cp-¶-Xn-\p ap-¼p X-s¶ D-¸-m-Z-\hpw Kp-W-ta-·bpw hÀ-²n-¸n-¡pw. D-]-t`m-àm-hnsâ Hmtcm \m-W-b-¯n-\pw hn-e-I-Â-¸n-¡p-¶ coXn-bn-ep-Å D¸-¶-§Ä hn-]-Wn-bn C-d-¡pw. C-Xn-t\m-sSm-¸w \-½-tfm-Sp a-Õ-cn-¡p-¶ I-¼-\n-IÄ D-≠m-¡p-¶-Xn\p ap-¼p X-s¶ hn-]-Wn-bv-¡m-h-iyam-b DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä hn-]-Wn-bn-se-¯n-¡pw. A-¶ \nÀ-an-¨ C³-sU-£³ ]m-{Xw C-¯-c-¯n H-sc-®-amWv. ^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pv-saâ v \-S-¯p¶Xv F§s\? km-¼¯n-I am-µys¯ t\-cn«-Xv F-§s\? Cu taJ-e-bn km-¼¯n-I amµyw {]-iv-\-¡m-c-\m-bn-«nÃ. amµyw hf-sc sNdp-Xm-bn _m-[n-¨-t¸mÄ X-s¶ SmÀ-P-äv \n-Ý-bn¨p. F-¶n-«v A-X-\p-k-cn-¨v tPmen-sN-¿m-\p-Å FÃm {]-tNm-Z-\hpw \ ÂIn, aqey-hÀ²nX D¸-¶-§Ä ]p-d-¯n-d¡n. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS B-i-b§-sf kzmK-Xw sN-¿m-dp-t≠m? A-¯-c¯n \-S-¸m¡n-b G-sX-¦n-epw km-l-

Ncyw D-t≠m? k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS B-i-b§-sf F-¡m-ehpw kzmK-Xw sN-bv-Xn-«p-≠v . Hcn-¡Â ssN-\-bn \n-¶p-Å H-cp DÂ-¸¶-¯n-\p k-am-\am-b H-sc-®w C-hn-sS \nÀ-an-¡m³ Xo-cp-am-\n¨p. F-¶m \nÀ ½m-W-th-f-bn [m-cm-fw X-S-Ê-§Ä D-≠mbn. B ka-bw R-§-fp-sS H-cp kq¸À-ssh-k-dn-sâ \nÀ-t±-i-am-Wv klm-b-I-am-bXv. A-t±-lw ]-d-ª \nÀ-t± i-§Ä-¡-\p-k-cn-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¨-tXm-sS {]-Xn-k-ÔnI-sf FÃmw Xc-Ww sN-bvXvv D¸-¶w \nÀ-an-¡m³ km-[n¨p. kwcw-`I Po-hn-X-¯n F-t¸m-sg¦nepw tXmÂ-hn t\-cn-«n-«pt≠m? 1986 I-¼-\n-bn-ep≠m-b H-cp sXmgnÂ-k-a-c-w kw-cw-`-I Po-hn-X-¯n-se \nÀ-®m-b-Iam-b h-gn-¯n-cn-hm-bn-cp-¶p. hf-sc I-ã-s¸-«m-Wv ka-cw H-¯p-XoÀ¸m-¡n-bXv. A-sXm-cp ]mT-am-bn-cp-¶p. C¯-cw k-a-c-§Ä `m-hn-bn D-≠m-ImXn-cn-¡m\pw D-≠m-bm¯-s¶ H-¯pXoÀ-¸m-¡m³ kzo-I-cn-t¡-≠ amÀ-¤-§sf-¡p-dn¨pw ]Tn-¸n-¨p X-¶ hen-sbm-cp ]mTw.

Swing on the water & make life in full swing

F §-s\-bmWv kz-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶-Xv?

hn-h-c-§Ä A-dn-bm-\pw BÀ-Ön¡m\pw e-`n-¡p-¶ H-c-h-k-chpw Rm³ ]m-gm-¡m-dnÃ. B-\p-Imen-I {]-kn-²o-I-cW§Ä, CâÀ-s\-äv F¶n-hbmWv Adnhv t\Sm³ Ønc-ambn B{i-bn-¡p-¶Xv. A-tXm-sSm-¸w hn-Z-Kv-[-cp-am-bp-Å Iq-Sn¡m-gv-¨-Ifpw F-Iv-kn-_n-j-\p-I-fpw A-dnhv BÀ-Ön-¡m³ D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯p¶p. Po-h-\-¡msc F§-s\ tam-«n-th-äv sN¿n-¸n-¡p¶p? Po-h-\-¡mÀ-¡v hnhn-[ X-c-¯n-ep-Å B-\p-Iq-ey-§fpw b-Ym-k-a-b-¯p-Å i-¼-f-hÀ-²-\bpw D-≠v . A-h-cp-sS bm{X, Xma-kw, `£-Ww FÃmw I-¼-\n-bp-sS Np-a-X-e-bmWv. A-hÀ-¡v tPm-en-bp-sS ]ncn-ap-d-¡-¯n \n¶pw c-£-t\-Sm³ C-Sbv-¡v hn-t\m-Z-]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw aäpw I¼-\n kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡m-dp-≠v . a-Õ-c-]-co-£-I-fn D-¶-X-hnP-bw I-c-Øam-¡p-¶ Po-h-\¡m-cp-sS a-¡Ä-¡v {]-tXy-I k-½m-\§fpw \Â-Ip¶p. Iq-Sm-sX Po-h-\-¡m-c-psS {]-Xnk-Ôn L-«-§-fn I-¼-\n-bpsS

32

]qÀ-®-]n-´p-W-bpw \Â-In h-cp¶p. D-bÀ-¶ Øm-\w h-ln-¡p-¶h-sc F§s\ am-t\-Pv sN-¿p¶p? D-bÀ-¶ X-e§-fn tPm-en hn-`-Pn-¨p \Â-Ip¶-Xv F-§s\? I-¼-\n-bp-sS s{]m-^-j-W So-an-s\ {]-[m-\-ambpw c-≠v hn-`m-K-§fm-bmWv X-cw-Xn-cn-¨n-cn¡p-¶Xv. an-Un am-t\-Pvsaâpw tem-hÀ am-t\-Pv-saâpw. I-¼-\nbp-sS kp-K-aam-b {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fp-sS Npa-X-e an-Un am-t\-Pv-saân-\pw \nÀ-amW-{]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fp-sS Npa-Xe tem-hÀ am-t\-Pv-saân-\p-amWv. ]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm]-\-¯n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶Xv? am-ä-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨v B-[n-Im-cn-I-am-bn ]Tn-¨ I¬-kÄ-«³-kn-s\ k-ao-]n-¨-Xn-\p ti-jw am-{X-am-Wv ]pXn-b am-ä-§Ä sIm≠p-h-cp-I. Nn-e km-l-N-cy-§-fn amä§-tfm-Sv Po-h-\-¡mÀ hn-ap-J-X {]-I-Sn¸n-¡m-dp-≠v . C¯-cw k-µÀ-`-§-fn amä-§-tfm-Sv s]m-cp-¯-s¸-Sm\pw A-Xv ] Tn-s¨-Sp-¡m-\p-ap-Å k-a-bhpw km-l-Ncyhpw ]n-´p-Wbpw I¼-\n \Â-Ip¶p.

Thrikunnapuzha, Alappuzha, Kerala, India

Marari Beach, Alappuzha, Kerala, India

Alappuzha, Kerala, India

Administrative & Sales Office:

EDAKKADU GROUP OF COMPANIES

ATDC Alleppey, 2nd Floor, Municipal Library Shopping Complex, Thathampally P. O., Alleppey 688 013, Kerala, India Tel: +91 477 2264462, 2261693, 2230583, Tel/Fax: +91 477 2231145 E-mail: info@atdcalleppey.com I Web: atdcalleppey.com

Kerala Backwaters Pvt. Ltd., Alappuzha Coir Village Lake Resort Pvt. Ltd., Alappuzha Fishermen Village Beach Resort Pvt. Ltd., Marari Pepper Village Hill Resort Pvt. Ltd., Thekkady


C O V E R

12

Hä-bmÄ ]«m-f-¯n hniz-kn-¡p-¶nà kwcw-`-I³: A-e-Iv-kv _m_p

F-§-s\-bmWv kz-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶-Xv?

S T O R Y

hm-b-\-bn-eq-sS-bm-Wv Rm³ A-]v-tUäv sN-¿p-¶-Xv. F-\n-¡v Xm-¸-cy-ap-Å ta-J-e-bn-se ]pXn-b Im-cy-§Ä A-dn-bm\pw A-Xn-\-\p-k-cn-¨v am-ä-§Ä sIm-≠ph-cm\pw hm-b-\-sb-bm-Wv B-{i-bn-¡p-¶Xvv. FÃm Zn-h-khpw c-≠p apX aq-¶p a-Wn-¡qÀ h-sc hm-b-\-bv-¡m-bn ka-bw I-s≠-¯m-dp-≠v . C-tXm-sSm-¸w kz-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿m-\m-bn bm-{X-IÄ sN-¿mdp-≠v . bm-{X-IÄ H-cp-]m-Sv C-ã-s¸-Sp-¶ hy-àn-bm-Wv Rm³. bm-{X-m-th-f-I-fn I-≠p-ap-«p-¶ G-sX-¦nepw H-cp hy-àn \Â-Ip-¶ sNdn-sbm-cp k-tµ-iw Nn-et¸mÄ Po-hn-Xw X-s¶ am-än-tb-¡mw. BfpI-sf Im-Wm\pw A-h-cp-am-bn ka-bw sN-e-hn-«v A-Xn-eq-sS ]pXn-b Im-cy-§Ä ]Tn-¡m\pw Rm³ ka-bw I-s≠-¯m-dp≠vv. Po-h-\-¡msc F§-s\ tam-«n-th-äv sN¿p¶p? sl-Uv-Pv F¶ {_m³-Uv s\bnw Po-h\-¡m-sc R-§-tfm-sSm-¸w \nÂ-¯m³ klm-bn-¡p-¶ H-¶m-Wv. {_m³Un-t\m-Sp-Å

Cu hn-izm-kw am-t\-Pv-saâ v sIm-≠p-hcp-¶ B-i-b-§-tfm-Sv tbm-Pn-¨v t]m-hm³ Po-h-\-¡m-sc {]-tNm-Zn-¸n-¡p¶p. ]n-s¶ A-[n-Im-c-¯n-sâ ap-Iį-«p ap-X Xmsg¯-«p h-sc R-§Ä ]p-eÀ-¯p-¶ kpXmcy-X Po-h-\-¡m-sc R-§-tfm-sSm-¸w \nÀ-¯p¶p. I-¼-\n-bn-se Ffn-b Imcyw t]m-epw G-sXm-cp Po-h-\-¡m-c\pw Adn-bmw. sl-Uv-Pn-sâ B-ib-§-tfm-Sp-Å hn-izm-kw X-s¶-bm-Wv Po-h-\-¡m-sc {]-tNm-Zn-¸n-¡p-¶ kp-{][m-\ L-SIw. I¼-\n-bn D-bÀ-¶ Øm-\w h-ln-¡p¶h-sc F§-s\ am-t\-Pv sN-¿p¶p? H-ä-bmÄ ]-«m-f-¯n Rm³ hn-izkn-¡p-¶nÃ. tPm-en-Ifpw D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz§fpw ]-e-X-«p-I-fm-bn hn-`-Pn-¨p \Â-Inbn-cn-¡p¶p. Hmtcm hn-`m-K-¯n-sâ-bpw X-e-¸-¯v tbm-Ky-cm-b Po-h-\-¡m-sc \n-ban-¡pw. A-h-cn-eq-sS kp-K-a-am-bn I-¼-\nbp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä \-S-¡pw. ]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm]-\-¯n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶Xv? ap¶n \n-¶p \-bn-¡p-I, A-Xn-eq-sS ]pXn-b am-ä-§Ä sIm-≠p-hcp-I F-¶ B-i-b-¯n hn-iz-kn-¡p-¶ hy-àn-bmWv Rm³. Hmtcm Po-h-\-¡m-c\pw H-cp

kwcw`w: sl-UvPv CIzn-äokv sU-bv-en dn-t¸mÀ-«v NmÀ-«v D-≠v . A-Xn Hmtcm Znh-khpw sN-t¿-≠ Im-cy-§Ä Ir-Xy-am-bn tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯pw. ]pXn-b F-s´-¦nepw am-ä-§Ä AY-hm Np-a-Xe-IÄ Po-h-\-¡mÀ {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-t¡≠-Xp-s≠-¦n Cu sU-bv-en dn-t¸mÀ-«v NmÀ-«n A-[n-I-am-bn tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯pw. B am-ä-§Ä sIm-≠p-h-cm³ th-≠ FÃm k-lm-b-§fpw ]n-´p-W-bpw D-¶-X-X-e§-fn \n¶pw \Â-Ipw. a-Õ-c§-sf a-dn-I-S-¡p¶-Xv F-§s\? a-Õ-c-§Ä h-cp-¶-Xn-\p ap-¼p X-s¶ A-Xn-s\-¡p-dn-¨v a-\-Ên-em-¡p-I. aÕcw h-cp-t¼mÄ t\-cn-Sm³ \nÂ-¡m-sX A-Xn-\p ap-¼p Xs¶ aÕ-c-§sf A-XnPo-hn-¡m-\p-Å amÀ-¤-§Ä I-s≠-¯p-I. a-Õ-c-¯n-sâ C-S-bv-¡v \-ap-¡v sX-äpIÄ kw-`-hn-t¨-¡mw. F-¶m H-cn-¡Â B-hÀ-¯n-¨ sX-äv ]n-¶o-Sv B-hÀ-¯n-¡mXn-c-n¡pI. ^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pv-saâ v \-S-¯p¶Xv F§s\? km-¼¯n-I am-µys¯ t\-cn«-Xv F-§s\? km-¼¯n-I amµyw Imcy-ambn _m[n¨ ta-J-e-bmWv Hml-cn hn-]Wn. h-chpw sN-ehpw {]-iv-\-§Ä CÃm-sX-bmWv A-Xn-\p ap-¼p h-sc sIm≠p-t]mbn-cp-¶-Xv . km-¼¯n-I am-µyw h-¶-tXmsS B-dp am-k-¡m-ew Po-h-\-¡m-cp-sS i-¼-f-¯n-sâ 20% I-«v sN-t¿-≠n h-¶n«p-≠v . I-¼-\n-I-fp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä kp-Xm-cy-am-b-Xn-\m Po-h-\-¡mÀ ]q-À-® ]n-´p-W-bm-Wv \Â-In-b-Xv. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS ]pXnb B-ib§-sf kzmK-Xw sN-¿m-dp-t≠m? A-¯-c-¯n \-S-¸m¡n-b G-sX-¦n-epw km-l-Ncyw Dt≠m? XoÀ-¨-bmbpw D-≠v . k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-IÀ¡vv B-i-b-§Ä ]-¦p-sh-bv-¡m-\mbn suggestion box FÃm im-J-I-fnepw Øm-]n¨n-«p-≠v . C-Xp-Iq-Sm-sX FÃm-am-k-hpw Poh-\-¡m-cp-sS ao-änw-Kv hn-fn-¨p Iq-«m-dp-≠v . A-hn-sS-sh-¨v BÀ-¡v F-´v A-`n-{]mbhpw tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯m-\p-f-f kzm-X-{´yap-≠v . t{]m-k-Êv se-h-en \n-ch-[n B-i-b-§Ä h-cm-dp-≠v . A§-s\ h-¶ H-¶m-Wv kz-´-am-bn A-Uv -an-\n-kv-t{S-j³ tkm-^v-äv-sh-bÀ \-S-¸n-em¡p-I F-¶ Bibw. Po-h-\-¡m-cn \n¶pw h¶ a-sämcp B-i-b-am-Wv C-Izn-än F-kvsF]n (Systematic Investment Plan). C-Iznän ta-J-e-bn C§-s\ F-kv.sF.]n \-S-¸m¡n-b C-´y-bn-se B-Zy t{_m-¡nwKvv I¼-\n sl-Uv -Pv B-sW-¶m-Wv F-sâ hn-izmkw. _nkn-\kv Po-hn-X-¯n F-t¸msg-¦nepw tXmÂ-hn t\-cn-«n-«pt≠m? A-Xn-s\ F§-s\ t\-cn«p, C¯-cw tXmÂ-hn-IÄ ]n-¶o-Sp-Å kw-cw-`-I Pohn-X-¯n-\v {]-tNm-Z-\-am-bn-«pt≠m? _nkn-\Ên tXmÂ-hn kÀ-Æ-km-[mc-W-amWv. A-¯-c-¯n t\-cn-« tXmÂhn-I-fn H-¶m-Wv im-J-IÄ hn-]peo-I-cn-¨-t¸mÄ D-≠m-b-Xv. 2008em-Wv sl-Uv -Pv B-cw-`n-¡p-¶-Xv . 2010 B-bt¸m-tg¡pw I¼-\n-bpsS em-`w D-bÀ¶p. I¼-\n h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS ]m-X-bn-em-sW-¶v

a-\-Ên-em-¡n-b-tXm-sS 25 B-bn-cp-¶ im-J-IÄ 105te-¡v Ip¯-s\ D-bÀ-¯n, tI-c-f-¯n-\v ]p-d¯pw im-J-IÄ Xp-S-§n. C-Xv H-cp tam-iw Xo-cp-am-\w B-bn-cp-¶p. 105 im-J-I-fn-te-¡p th-≠ Po-h-\-¡mÀ CÃm-bn-cp¶p. im-J-IÄ Xp-S-§n-b-Xn-\p ti-j-am-Wv Po-h-\-¡m-sc F-Sp-¯-Xv. C³U-kv-{Sn-bp-sS B-h-iy-a-\p-k-cn-¨v tPm-en sN-¿m³ {]m-]v-X-cÃm-¯h-sc \n-b-an-t¡≠n h¶p. im-J-IÄ Iq-«n-b-Xn-eq-sS ]-db-¯-¡ em-`-sam¶pw I-¼-\n-¡v t\-Sm³ km-[n-¨nÃ. 25 im-J-I-fm-bn-cp-¶-t¸mÄ In«n-b em-`-t¯-¡mÄ Ip-d-hm-bn-cp-¶p 105 im-J-I-fn \n¶pw e-`n-¨-Xv. C-sXmcp hen-b ]mT-am-bn-cp-¶p. Cu ]-cm-Pb-¯n \n¶pw \n-c-h-[n Im-cy-§Ä ] Tn-¡m³ km-[n¨p. A-Xn H-¶m-Wv th≠-{X Po-h-\-¡m-cnÃm-sX ]pXn-b imJ-IÄ Xp-S-§-cp-sX-¶p-Å-Xv. Cu {]-iv-\w ]-cn-l-cn-¡m-\m-bn sl-Uv -Pv kz-´-am-bn kv-¡qÄ Hm-^v A-ss¹-Uv C-¡-tWman-Ivkv Xp-S§n. A-hn-sS \n¶pw tbmKycm-b hn-ZymÀ-°nI-sf Xn-c-sª-Sp-¯v I-¼-\n-bn-te-¡v \n-b-an-¨v ]-cm-P-b-¯n \n¶pw I-c-I-b-dm-\p-Å {i-a-¯n-em-Wv. C-t¡m-Wan-¡v kv-¡qÄ Xp-S-§n-b-Xn-\p ti-jw im-J-IÄ hÀ-²n-¸n-¨n-cp-s¶-¦n C¯-cw H-cp Xn-cn¨-Sn D-≠m-InÃm-bn-cp-¶p F-¶ ]mTw Rm³ ]Tn¨p. Cu ]-cmP-bw F-sâ kwcw-`I Po-hn-X-¯n-se ap-XÂIq-«m-Wv.

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13

kwcw-`-I-Xz-¯n {][m\w Xpd¶ a\Êv kwcw-`-I³: tPm¬k¬

kzbw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶-Xv F-§s\?

hmb-\, kp-lr-¯p-¡-tfmSpw F-sâ ta-J-e-bn-se hn-Z-Kv-[-tcm-Sp-ap-Å B-ib-hn-\n-a-b§Ä XpS-§n-b-h-bn-eq-sSbpw _n-kn-\-kv-Nm-\-en-se hmÀ-¯-IÄ ho-£n¡p-¶-Xn-eq-sS-bpsaÃm-amWv Rm³ kz-bw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p-¶Xv. Po-h-\-¡msc F§-s\ tam-«n-th-äv sN¿p¶p? A-h-tcm-sSm-¸w A-hcn-sem-cm-fm-bn \n ¶vv Ah-sc \-bn-¡m-\mWv Rm³ {i-an¡p-¶Xv. A-h-cp-sS {]-iv-\-§Ä F-t¶m-Sv ]-¦p-sh-bv-¡m-\p-Å FÃm kzm-X-{´y-hpw \Â-In-bn-«p≠v. I¼-\n-bn D-bÀ-¶ Øm-\w h-ln-¡p¶h-sc F§-s\ am-t\-Pv sN-¿p¶p? So-an H-cm-fm-bn \n¶p-sIm-≠p X-s¶ D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-§Ä ho-Xn-¨p \Â-Ip¶p. ]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm]-\-¯n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶Xv? Xp-d-¶ NÀ-¨-I-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv am-ä-§Ä

kwcw`w: {Sm³-tkjysse³

{]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶Xv. am-ä-§Ä am-{X-amWv R-§-fp-sS C-S-bn am-dm-sX-bp-ÅXv. So-an-\v H-cp Xo-cp-am-\w F-Sp-¡m³ {]-bmkw t\-cn-Sp-¶ km-l-N-cy-¯n Øm-]\-¯n-sâ ta-e-[n-Im-cn F-¶ \n-e-bn Rm³ X-s¶ Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä ssI-s¡mÅm-dp-≠v. B-cv- Xo-cp-am-\w F-Sp-¡p-¶p F-¶p-ÅXÃ, F-Sp-¡p-¶ Xo-cp-am-\w icnbm-tWm F-¶p-Å-Xn-em-Wv Im-cyw. a-Õ-c§-sf a-dn-I-S-¡p¶-Xv F-§s\? a-Õ-c-§Ä t\-cn-Sp-¶ k-a-b¯vv Poh-\¡m-tcm-Sv F-´p sN¿-Ww F-¶p-Å \nÀ-t±-i-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶Xn-t\m-Sv Rm³ tbm-Pn-¡p-¶nÃ, ]I-cw F§-s\ sN¿Ww F-¶p ]-d-bp-¶-Xn-em-Wv Rm³ hn-iz-kn-¡p-¶Xv. C-Xv FÃm-h-cp-sSbpw ]-¦m-fn-¯w D-d-¸m-¡p-Ibpw H-ä-s¡-«m-bn a-Õ-c§-sf t\-cn-Sm³ So-an-s\ k-Ö-am¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p¶p. ^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pv-saâ v \-S-¯p¶Xv F§s\? km-¼¯n-I am-µyw _m[nt¨m? km-l-N-cy§-sf Aw-Ko-I-cn¨vv ap-

t¶dp-I F-¶pÅ-Xpam-{X-am-Wv C-Xn-\pÅ ]-cn-lmcw. \n-§-fp-sS kw-cw-`-¯n-\v F-{X B-kv-Xn-bp-≠v F-¶p a-\-Ên-em¡n am{Xw sN-e-hm-¡p-I. \n-§-fp-sS ]-cn-[n¡p-Ån \n¶p-sIm-≠v {]-hÀ-¯n¡p-I. A-Xn-\-¸p-d-t¯-¡v km-¼-¯n-Iam-µy-Im-e¯vv {]-hÀ¯-\w hn-]p-e-am-¡m-Xn-cn-¡pI. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS \qX\ B-ib§-sf kzmK-Xw sN-¿m-dp-t≠m? A-¯-c-¯n \-S-¸m¡n-b G-sX-¦nepw km-l-Ncyw Dt≠m? k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-IÀ \Â-Ip¶Xv F{X sNdn-b \nÀ-t±i-am-sW-¦n t]mepw A-Xn ssh-hn-[y-amÀ¶ ho-£W-§fpw Im-gv-¨-¸m-Sp-I-fpw D-≠mIpw. -Ah-sb ]Tn-¡m-\p-Å a\-Êp Im-Wn-¡Ww. A-¯-c-¯n h-cp-¶ B-i-b-§Ä \Ã-Xm-sW-¦n XoÀ-¨-bmbpw kzmK-Xw sN-bv-Xv \-S-¸n-em-¡Ww. \n-§Ä¡-Xv a-\-Ên-em-bn-sæn A-h-tcm-Sv hy-àX B-h-iy-s¸-SWw. kzo-I-cn-¡m³ ]-äm-¯-

34

Xm-sW-¦n F-´p sIm-≠v ]-äp-¶nà F-¶-Xn-\p-Å hy-àam-b D¯-cw k-l{]-hÀ-¯I-\p \Â-IWw. Xp-d-¶ a-\Êm-Wv \n-§Ä kw-cw-`-I-Po-hn-X-¯n ]n-´p-Stc≠p¶ G-ä-hpw hen-b aq-eyw, A-Xn-sâ i-àn BZyw Xs¶ Xn-cn-¨-dnbpI. kwcw-`I Po-hn-X-¯n F-t¸m-sg¦nepw tXmÂ-hn t\-cn-«n-«pt≠m? XoÀ-¨-bm-bn«pw D-≠v. A¯-cw tXmÂ-hn-IÄ \n-ch-[n ]mT-§Ä F-s¶ ]Tn-¸n-¨n-«p≠v. A-Xn {]-[m-s¸-« H-¶mWv, \n-§Ä am-{X-am-Wv i-cn-sb-¶v hn-Nm-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. \n-§-fp-sS tXmÂ-hnI-sf Aw-Ko-I-cn¡p-I, A-Xn \n¶pw ]mT-§Ä ]Tn-¨v kz-bw Xn-cp-¯p-Ibpw AXn-t\m-sSm-¸w So-an-s\ Xn-cp-¯p-Ibpw sN-¿p-I. FÃm¯n\pw D-]-cn-bm-bn C-sXm-cp Sow-sK-bvamWv, AÃm-sX H-ä-bmÄ t]m-cm-«-aà F-¶ hm-kvX-hw B-Zy-taXs¶ a-\-Ên-em-¡pI.


C O V E R

14

S T O R Y

{]hÀ¯-\-§Ä kpXm-cy-am-¡Ww kwcw-`-I³: {IntÌm tPmÀÖv

kwcw`w: sslt¡m¬ C´y

Hmtcm bq-Wn-äv slÍpw. Hmtcm Un-hn-j-\n-sebpw ]À-t¨-kv, s{]m-U-£³, F-¨vBÀ, ^n-\m³kv, kÀ-Æo-kv XpS§n FÃmw Xs¶ Hmtcm em-`-¯n-sâ H-cp ]-¦v bq-

sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS Ønc-h-cp-am-\-t¯m-sSm-¸w \Â-Im\mWv Rm³ {]-tXy-I {i-² sN-ep¯m-dpf-fXv. km-¼-¯nIhpw km-¼-¯n-tI-X-chpam-b FÃmhn-[ t{]m-Õm-l-\-hpw sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ-¡v \Â-Ipt¼mÄ am-{X-am-Wv A-hÀ-¡v AÀ¸-W-t_m[hpw B-ßmÀ-°-Xbpw D-≠m-hp-I-bp-Åp. sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ-¡v th-≠n 10 sXm-gn Zn-\-§-fn \nÀ-_-Ô ]-cn-ioe-\w \Â-Ip-Ibpw Sow _nÂUnw-Kv h-gn ]pXn-b kv-Io-ap-IÄ, ]-cn-ioe-\ ]-²-Xn-IÄ F-¶nh A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw Wn-äv sN-¿p-¶p

kz bw A]vtUäv sN¿p-¶-sX-§s\? ssl-t¡m¬ F-¶ Øm-]\-s¯ \-bn-

¡m-\pÅ A-dnhpw Im-cy-{]m-]v-Xn-bp-saÃmw F-¶n-se kw-cw-`I³ hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p¶-Xv tem-I {]-ikvX saâdm-b am[-hv taml-sâ ]-Xnhm-bp-Å ¢m-kp-I-fn-eq-sS-bpw A-t±-l-¯n-sâ hn-e-s¸-« D-]-tZ-i-§-fn-eq-sS-bp-amWv. A-t±-l¯n-sâ hn-e-a-Xn-¡m-\m-Im-¯ tkh-\w sslt¡m-Wn-s\ C¶-s¯ \n-e-bn-se-¯n-¡p¶Xn\v k-lm-b-I-ambn. A-Xp-Iq-Sm-sX A-Êo-Ên sa-\m-t¨-cn-bp-sS tIm-gv-kv sa-äo-cn-b-en \n-¶v I-¼-\n-bp-sS K-th-j-W-¯n-\m-h-iyam-b B-ib-§Ä kzo-I-cn-¡mdp≠v. am-t\-Pv-saâ v _p-¡p-IÄ hm-bn¨pw _nkn\-kv hn-ZymÀ-°n k-aq-l-hp-am-bn \n-c´-cw k-¼À-¡w ]p-eÀ-¯nbpw B-i-b-hn-\na-bw \-S-¯nbpw F-\n-¡v ]pXn-b A-dn-hp-IÄ t\-Sphm\pw F-¶n-ep-Å-Xn-s\ ]-¦p-sh-¡m\pw km-[n-¡p¶p. C-¯-c-¯n Rm³ F-s¶ Zn-\w-{]-Xn A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p-¶p. F§s\bmWv Poh-\-¡msc tam«n-thäv

sN¿p-¶Xv? Øm]-\w em-`-¯n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-t¼mÄ em-`-hn-ln-Xw kz-´-am-¡p-¶ kw-cw-`-I-cp≠mImw. F-¶m em-`-¯n-sâ H-cp ]-¦v sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS Øn-c-h-cp-am-\-t¯m-sSm-¸w \Â-Im\mWv Rm³ {]-tXy-I {i-² sN-ep¯m-dpf-fXv. km-¼-¯n-Ihpw km-¼-¯n-tI-X-chpam-b FÃmhn-[ t{]m-Õm-l-\-hpw sXm-gn-emfn-IÄ-¡v \Â-Ip-t¼mÄ am-{X-am-Wv A-hÀ-¡v AÀ¸-W-t_m-[hpw B-ßmÀ-°-Xbpw D-≠m-hp-I-bp-Åp. sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ-¡v th-≠n 10 sXm-gn Zn-\-§-fn \nÀ-_-Ô ]-cn-ioe\w \Â-Ip-Ibpw Sow _nÂ-Unw-Kv h-gn ]pXn-b kv-Io-ap-IÄ, ]-cn-io-e-\ ]-²-Xn-IÄ F-¶nh A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶p. ko\n-bÀ Xe-§-fn-ep-f-f-hsc F§-s\bmWv amt\Pv sN¿p-¶Xv? A-©p t]-cp-am-bn Xp-S§nb ssl-t¡m-Wn C-¶v 400e-[n-Iw Poh-\-¡mcp≠v. Hmtcm bq-Wnäpw Hcp sl-Ín-sâ Io-gn-em-Wv {]-hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-Xv. I-¼-\n-bp-sS-Xs¶ hn-`n-¶ ta-Je-bn sXm-gn ]-cn-ioe-\w t\-Sn-b-h-cmWv

slÍnepw tI-{µo-Icn-¨m-Wn-cn-¡p¶Xv. I-¼-\n-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡-\p-k-cn-¨v ]pXn-b sl-ÍpI-sf \n-b-an-¡m³ Øm-]-\w {]-tXy-Iw Xm¸cyw ImWn-¡p-¶p. a-Õ-c§-sf a-dn-I-S-¡p¶-Xv F§s\? hn-]-Wn-bnse a-Õ-c-§-sf a-dnI-S-¡p¶-Xv UnF-kv-sF-B-dn-sâ Aw-Ko-Im-cw e-`n-¨n-«p-Å R-§-fpsS kz-´w dn-kÀ-¨v B³-Uv sU-he-]v-saâ v So-an-sâ k-lm-b-t¯m-Sp Iq-Sn-bmWv. \n-Ý-b-ZmÀ-Vy-t¯m-Sp Iq-Sn-bp-Å A-h-cp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\§fpw \ho-\ km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zy-Ifp-sS k-lm-b-t¯m-sS \q-X-\am-b K-th-j-Whpw I-¼-\n-bp-sS hn-Ik-\hpw ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p-¶ Cu So-an-sâ ]n³-_-e-am-Wv R-§-Ä-¡v a-Õ-c hn-]-Wn-bn kz-´am-sbmcp C-Sw I-s≠-¯m³ km-[n-¡p-¶Xn-\v ]n-¶nÂ. D¸m-Z-\-s¨e-hp Ip-d¨pw hn]-W-\-{]-{In-b th-K-¯n-em-¡nbpw {_m³-Uv {]-tam-j³ {]-hÀ-¯-\§-fn AXo-h {i-² ]p-eÀ-¯n-

s¡m-≠p-Å {]-hÀ-¯-\-§fpw a-Õ-c§-sf a-dn I-S-¡p-¶-Xn-\v k-lm-b-I-am-Ip-¶p. ^n\m³jy amt\-Pvsaâ v \S-¯p-¶Xv F§s\bmWv? kw-L-S-\m-]-chpw km-¼-¯nI-]-c-hp-am-bn hf-sc kp-Xm-cyam-b kw-hn-[m-\-am-Wv R-§Ä-¡p-Å-Xv. Ir-Xyam-b km-¼¯n-I A-¨-S¡-t¯m-sS-bp-Å {]-hÀ-¯-\hpw I-¼-\n-bp-sS _-Uv-P-än-\-\p-krXamb {]-hÀ-¯-\hpw km-¼¯n-I \nÀ-h-l-W-¯n-\v k-lm-b-I-am-Imdp-≠v. Poh-\-¡m-cpsS \qX\ Bi-b§-tfm-Sp-ff kao-]\w? Poh-\-¡mcp-sS \qX\ B-i-b-§Ä kzo-I-cn-¡m-\mbn R-§Ä-s¡m-cp k-P-j³ kvIow X-s¶-bp≠v. Hmtcm Poh-\-¡m-c\pw am-k-¯n aq-¶v \nÀ-tZ-i-sa-¦nepw sh-¡mdp≠v. A§-s\ t\m-¡p-t¼mÄ hÀ-j-¯n aq-hm-bn-c-¯n-e[n-Iw \nÀ-tZ-i-§fpw B-i-b§fpw I-¼-\n-¡v e-`n-¡p-¶p≠v. R-§-fp-sS \nÀt±-i I-½n-än C-sXÃmw hn-e-bn-cp-¯p-Ibpw am-\Z-Wv-U-§Ä ]cn-tim-[n-¨v Ah-sb th-≠-t]m-se ]-cn-K-Wn-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶p. ]-Xn-\m-bn-cw cq-]-bv-¡v ap-I-fn I-¼-\n-¡v t\-«-ap-≠m¡p-¶- B-ibam-sW-¦n A-Xv \Â-Ip¶ Poh-\-¡m-c\v Iym-jv A-hmÀ-Uv \Â-Im-d-p≠v. Poh-\-¡mcpsS Bi-b-§Ä ]-cn-K-Wn-¨-Xn-eqsS I-gn-ª aq-¶v hÀ-j-¯n-\n-sS 40 e-£-w cq-] h-sc I-¼-\n-¡v em-`n-¡m³ I-gn-ªp. _nkn-\kv Pohn-X-¯n ]cm-Pb-§Ä t\cn-«n-«pt≠m? ssl-t¡m¬ \n-ch-[n {]-Xn-kÔn-I-sf t\-cn-«v A-h ]-cn-l-cn¨psIm-≠m-Wv ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Ip-¶Xv. Im-¡-\m-Sv {]-tXy-I km-¼¯n-I ta-J-e-bn H-cp tIm-Sn aq-e-[-\¯n ssl-t¡m¬ {Sm³-kv-{In-]v-äv-kv F-¶ I¼-\n Bcw-`n-¡p-I-bp-≠mbn. \q-dv sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-am-bn XpS§n-b Øm]-\w H-cp D-]-t`m-àmhn-s\ t]mepw In-«m-sX I-\-¯ km-¼¯n-I {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bn-em-IpIbpw AS-¨p ]q-«m³ Xocp-am-\n¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. F¶m Ahkm\ \n-anjw H-cp D-]-t`m-àm-hv D¸-¶w hm-§p-I-bp-≠m-bn. C-Xv R§-sf {]-tNm-Zn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw XpSÀ-¶v {]-iv-\§-sf a-\-kn-em-¡n Poh-\-¡msc sh«n-¨p-cp¡n. H-c-hk-c-¯n A-S-¨p-]q-t«-≠ sslt¡m¬ {Sm³-kv-{In-]v-äv-kv C-t¸mÄ bm-sXm-cp {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bp-anÃm-sX Im-cy-£-a-am-bn ap-t¶m-«v \o-§p-IbmWv.

35


15

km¼-¯nI ASn-¯d sXä-cpXv kwcw-`-I³: cRv-Pn tPm¬

kwcw-`-I-s\¶ \ne-bn F§s\ kzbw A]vtUäv sN¿p¶p?

]-{X-§fpw ]p-kv-X-I-§fpw hm-bn-¨m-Wv F-¶n-se kw-cw-`I-s\ Rm³ ]-cn-jv-I-cn-¡p¶Xpw an-I-¨ Xo-cp-am-\-§-sf-Sp-¡m³ {]m-]v-X-\m-¡p-¶-Xpw. AXp-Iq-Sm-sX C³Ukv-{Sn-bn kam-\ ta-J-e-bn-ep-Å-h-cp-am-bn kw-km-cn¨pw NÀ-¨ sN-bvXpw \n-eh-nse Im-cy§-sf A-dn-bm³ {i-an¡p-Ibpw A-Xn \n-¶v e-`n-¡p-¶ an-I¨ B-i-b-§-sf Øm-]\-¯n-\-v D-X-Ip-¶ cq-]-¯n- {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶p. H-cp am-ä-hp-anÃm-sX H-cp Øm-]-\-¯n\pw h-f-cm³ km-[n-¡nÃ.- Rm³ F¶pw {^-jv B-bn-«n-cn-¡m-\m-Wv B-{K-ln¡p-¶Xpw {i-an-¡p-¶Xpw. A-Xn-\m Im-eL-«-¯n-\-\p-k-cn-¨p-Å an-I-¨ Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä F-Sp-¡m³ F-\n-¡v km-[n-¡m-dp≠v. Poh-\-¡msc F§s\ tam«n-thäv sN¿p¶p? sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ F¶pw a-ªn-em-kv {Kq¸n-sâ \-s«ÃmWv. A-h-cn-eq-sS-bm-Wv R-§Ä h-fÀ¶Xpw h-fÀ¶p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶-Xpw. -e-£y-Øm-\s¯¯m-\p-Å Xo-cp-am-\-§sfÃmw Hmtcm sXm-gn-em-fn-bp-am-bn ]-¦p-sh¨v, AhÀ Cu Øm-]-\-¯n-\v F-{X-am{Xw hn-e-s¸-«-Xm-sW-¶v t_m-[y-s¸-Sp-¯p¶p. I-¼-\n-bpsS Hmtcm ap-t¶-ä-¯nepw sXm-gnem-fn-IÄ-¡p-Å Aw-Ko-Im-c-§fpw A-h-Imi-§fpw \Â-Ip-¶p. 1200e-[n-Iw sXm-gn-emfn-IÄ C-t¸mÄ U-_nÄ tlm-gv-kn tPm-en sN¿p-¶p-≠v. ko\n-bÀ Xe-§fnep-f-f-hsc F§s\ amt\Pv sN¿p¶p? 1200e-[n-Iw sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-Å Hcp Øm]-\-¯n sXm-gn-em-fnI-sf am-t\-Pv sN-¿pI-sb¶-Xv hf-sc k-¦oÀ-Wam-b Im-cy-amWv.

]-e kzm-`m-h-ap-Å-h-cm-Wn-hÀ. ap-I-fn F-Sp¡p-¶ H-cp Xo-cp-am-\w H-cm-fn-eq-sS FÃm-h-cnep-sa-¯n¡p-I {]m-tbm-Kn-IaÃ. A-Xn-\m  sXm-g-n-em-fn-I-sf-sbÃmw Hmtcm hn-`m-Kam-bn Xn-cn-¨n-«p-≠v. Cu hn-`m-K-§Ä tI-{µoI-cn-¨mWv Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä D-bÀ-¶ ]-Z-hn-bn-ep-ÅhÀ-sXm-«v Xm-tg X-«n-ep-Å-h-cn-te-¡v hsc F-¯n-¡p-¶Xv. C-¯-c-¯n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-Xn-eq-sS s]-s«-s¶-Sp-¡p-¶ Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä hf-sc th-K-¯n sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fn-te-s¡-¯pIbpw {]-hÀ¯-\w kp-K-aamIpIbpw sN-¿p-¶p. aÕ-c-§sf F§-s\-bmWv t\ cn-Sp-¶Xv? aÕ-cw F¶-Xv _n-kn-\-knsâ `mK-amWv. a-Õ-c-an-sÃ-¦n _n-kn\kv C-sÃ-¶v X-s¶ ]-d-bmw. a-Õcs¯ t\-cn-Sp-¶-Xn-\v F-t¸mgpw Pm-{KX-tbm-sS-bn-cn-¡Ww. \-½p-sS F-XnÀ ta-J-e-bn-ep-Å-h-cp-sS i-ànbpw ZuÀ_-eyhpw a-\-kn-em-¡n B ZuÀ-_-eys¯ a-dn-I-S-¡m³ {i-an-¡p-t¼m-gm-Wv H-cp kw-cw-`-I³ hn-P-bn-¡p-¶Xv. hn-e-bpsStbm Kp-W-ta-·bp-sStbm Im-cy-¯n-em-bn-cn¡pw H-cp {_m³-Uv hn-]-Wn-bn ]n-Sn-¨p\nÂ-¡pI. D¶-X-Kp-W-\n-e-hmcw \ne-\nÀ¯nbpw ]pXn-b km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zy-IÄ sIm-≠p-h¶pw hn-e-bn sNdn-b am-ä-§Ä hcp¯n-bp-amWv a-Õ-c§-sf a-dn-I-S-¡p-¶Xv. ^n\m³jy amt\-Pvsaâ v F§-s\bmWv? km¼-¯nI amµyw _m[nt¨m? km-¼¯n-I A-Sn-¯-d sX-än-¡-gn-ªm FÃmw I-gnªp. h-chpw sN-ehpw X-½nep-Å hy-Xym-k-am-Wv h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡v ap-XÂ-¡q«m-Ip-¶Xv. sN-e-hp-IÄ ]-c-amh[n Ip-d-¨v AXv DÂ-¸m-Z-\-¯n-te-¡v Xn-cn-¨p hn-Sm-\m-Wv

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36

kwcw`w: a-ªn-em-kv {Kq¸v Hm-^v I-¼-\o-kv

Call: 9447033800

Rm³ Iq-Sp-X {i-²n-¡m-dp-Å-Xv. AXp-am-{Xaà sNe-hnsâ Im-cy-§-fn F-t¸m-gpw H-cp ap³I-cp-X F-sâ `mK-¯p \n-¶p-≠m-Ipw. Nn-eÀ _n-kn\-kn ]-cm-P-b-s¸-Sm-\p-Å Im-c-Ww A[n-I sN-e-hpIÄ ssI-Imcyw sN¿m-\-dn-bm-¯Xp-sIm-≠mWv. ^n-\m³-jy Un-kn-¹n³ F-{Xam{Xw D-s≠¶-Xv Hcp I-¼-\n-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨-bn-eq-sS a-\-kn-em-¡-m\m-Ipw. `£y-kw-kvI-cW taJ-e-bm-b-Xn-\m  Im-cyam-b km-¼¯n-I {]-XnkÔn-sbm¶pw R§sf _m-[n-¨nÃ. hn-]-Wn-bn R-§-fp-tS-Xn-\v k-am-\ am-b DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS hne-\n-e-hm-c¯n am-ä-§Ä h-cp-t¼mÄ A-Xn-\\p-k-cn-¨v Iq-Sp-X {i-² sN-ep-¯n ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Im-\m-Wv {i-an-¡p-¶-Xv. kl-{]-hÀ¯-I-cpsS \qX-\-B-i-b§-tfmSv ]peÀ¯p¶ kao-]\w? Poh-\-¡mÀ ap-t¶m-«v sh-¡p-¶ B-i-b-§Ä¡v Ft¸mgpw ]cn-K-W\ \ÂIm-dp-≠v. Rm³ ]-d-bp-¶-Xm-Wv B-]v-X-hmIyw F-¶ Nn-´m-KXntbm Xo-cp-am\-§tfm C-hn-sS-bnÃ. A-hÀ ap-t¶m-«v sh-¡p-¶ sNdn-b B-i-b§Ä an-I-¨-Xm-sW-¦n Aw-Ko-I-cn-

¡p-Ibpw {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡pIbpw sN¿pw. H-cp Poh-\-¡m-csâ an-I-¨ Xo-cp-am-\tam, Bi-btam B-bn-cn¡pw Øm-]-\-¯n-\v t\-«-ap-≠m-¡p¶Xv. Poh-\-¡m-cpsS Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä Rm³ Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡p-¶p-s≠¶ tXm-¶Â Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ h-fÀ-¨bv-¡v Im-c-W-am-Ip-¶p-≠v. A-Sp-¯ Im-e-¯m-bn ssh-Zyp-Xn {]-Xnk-Ôn cq-£-am-b km-l-N-cy-¯n sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ X-s¶ F-Sp-¯ H-cp sNdn-b Im-cy-am-Wv B-h-iy-anÃm-¯ L-«-¯n Øm-]-\-¯n-se _Ä_p-Ifpw ^m-\p-Ifpw Hm^v sNbvXnSp-I-sb-¶Xv. Poh-\-¡m-cp-tS-XmWv Øm-]-\-sa-¶ Nn-´-bn-eq-sS h-¶ amä-§-fm-Wn-h. ]cm-P-b-§-tfm-Sp-ff kao-]\w? kw-cw-`-I- Po-hn-X-¯nsâ `mKamWv D-bÀ-¨ Xm-gv-N-IÄ. tXmÂ-hn h-cp-t¼mÄ A-Xv A-Xn-Po-hn-¡m\p-Å I-gn-hp-s≠-¦n am-{X-am-Wv D-bÀ-¨-bp-sS ]-S-hp-IÄ Xm-≠m³ ]-äp-I-bp-Åp. {]Xn-k-Ôn-Isf hf-sc em-L-h-t¯m-sS k-ao-]n-¨v A-Xn-s\ F§-s\ a-dn-I-S-¡m-sa-¶v am-{Xta Rm³ Nn-´n-¡m-dpÅp.


C O V E R

16

S T O R Y

Poh-\-¡m-tcmSv aqeym-[n-jvTn-X-amb kao-]\w kwcw`w: ]o sI {Kq-¸v

kwcw-`-I³: ]n sI Al-½Zv

kzbw A-]v-tU-äv sN-¿p¶-Xv F-§s\?

[m-cm-fw ]p-kv-X-I-§fpw B\p-Im-enI {]kn-²o-I-c-W-§fpw hm-bn-¡mdp-≠v. ]p Xnb Imcy-§sf¡p-dn¨pw temI¯v kw`hn-¨p-sIm≠ncn-¡p¶ amä-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw Adn-bm³ hmb\ Hcp-]mSv klm-bn-¡pw. C-´y-bnepw hn-tZ-i-¯p-ap-Å hy-h-km-bnI-fpw im-kv-{X-Úcpw km-t¦Xn-I hn-ZKv[cpam-b F-sâ kp-lr-¯p-¡-fp-am-bp-Å \nc-´-c k-¼À-¡hpw B-tKm-f-X-e-¯n D-≠m-bn-s¡m-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ Imcy-§-sf-¡pdn¨v a\-kn-em-¡p-¶Xn\p k-lmb-I-a-mIp¶p. Poh-\-¡msc F§s\ tam«n-thäv sN¿p¶p? ]osI {Kq-¸n-se 2000-t¯mfw Po-h-\¡mÀ Hcp IpSpw-_-¯nse AwK-§-sf-t¸mse-bmWv Pohn-¡p-¶Xv. Po-h-\¡m-tcm-Sv aq-eym-[n-jvTn-Xam-b k-ao-]-\-am-Wv am-t\-Pvsaân-\p-Å-Xv. {Kq-¸n-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bn FÃmhcpw H-cpt]m-se ]-¦m-fn-I-fmWv. sa¨-s¸« thX-\w kuP-\y `-£Ww, E S I B-\p-Iq eyw CÃm-¯-hÀ-¡v sa-Un-¡Â C³-jpd³kv, {Km-än-hnän, HmWw, hnjp, CuZv, {In-kv-Xpa-kv F-¶o A-h-k-c-§-fn c-≠p amk-s¯ i¼-fw t_m-W-kv F¶n-§-s\bp-ff B\p-Iq-ey-§Ä \ÂIp¶p. Hmtcm I-¼-\n-bnepw s]À-t^m-a³-kv C³-skâohv kvIow D≠v. C³-skâo-hv t_m-W-kv e-`n-¡p¶-Xv {Kq¸n (Sow) \mWv. DÂ-¸mZ-\-¯n-sâ km-t¦-Xn-I (Technological) h-i-§-fn B-tKm-f-Xe-¯n hen-b am-ä-§Ä h¶p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. ]o sI {Kq-¸n-se Po-h-\-¡mÀ¡v Cu am-ä-¯n-\v A-\p-k-cn-¨n-«p-Å s{Sbn-\nwKpw B-h-iyamWv. A-hsc, I-gn-h-\p-k-cn¨v, s{Sbn-\nw-Kn\v A-b-¡p-¶p≠v. Nn-e F-³Pn\o-bÀ-am-sc A-ta-cn-¡-bn-epw bq-tdm-¸n-epw ssN-\-bn-epw sIm-dn-b-bnepw A-b-¨v s{Sbn-\nw-Kv \Â-Inbn-«p≠v. I-¼-\n-bn D-¶-X-X-e-§-fn tPm-en-sN¿p-¶h-sc F-§-s\-bm-Wv am-t\-Pv sN-¿p¶Xv? ]o sI {Kq-¸n-\pw AXnsâ A\p-_Ô I-¼\nIÄ¡pw hyà-amb Hcp HmÀK-ss\tk-j³ NmÀ«v D≠v. Hmtcm Un-hn-j\pw Hcp slUv D≠v. B-h-iy-ap-Å-nS-¯v R§Ä th-≠ \nÀ-t±iw \Â-Ip¶p. FÃm am-t\-PÀ-amÀ¡pw I-¼-\n-bp-sS \b-]-c-amb Imcy-§Ä hyà-am-Wv. A-Xv F§-s\ {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡mw F-¶v hnhn-[ am-t\-Pvsaâ v ao-än-wKp-I-fn NÀ-¨- sNbvXv Xo-cp-am\n-¡-s¸-Sp¶p. ]pXn-b am-ä§-sf F-§-s\-bm-Wv Øm-]\-¯n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p-¶-Xv? ]pXn-b am-ä-§Ä F-{X-t¯m-fw {]m-tbmKn-I-amIpw F-¶v ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-I-bmWv BZyw sN-¿p-¶Xv. {Kq-¸n-se hnhn-[ Un¸mÀ«v-saâ v X-e-h-·mcpw Ìm-^w-K-§-fp-ambn ]pXn-b am-ä-§-fp-sS FÃm h-i-t¯bpw Ip-dn-¨v NÀ-¨-sN-¿p¶p. am-ä-§Ä kmt¦-XnI-]-c-ambpw km¼-¯n-I-]-c-ambpw DÄ-s¡mÅm³ ]-äp-¶-Xm-sW-¦n A-Xv {]m-hÀ¯n-I-am-¡m³ {ian¡pw. ]n-¶o-Sv A-Xn\p

th-≠ ¹m-\p-IÄ X-¿mdm-¡p-¶pþ_-P-än DÄ-s¡m-Ån-¡p¶p. ]osI {Kq-¸nse Un¸mÀ«vsaâ v slUv, F³Pn{]apJ I¼-\n \o-bÀ, ]osI Ìo kq¸ÀsshImÌ nwK v-kv ss{]häv kÀ F-¶nena nä U mWv . A-Xnsâ h-sc ] core competency T-\-¯n\m-bn Cu cwK-¯pÅ a-äp hn-SpC-´y³ I¼\nI-fn Ibpw \n¶pw hn`n-¶-amWv. A-hAXp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ cp-sS aÕc-§Ä Ip-d-hmWv. \à \n C-´y-bn ]o sI ÌoÀ-t±-ien-sâ DÂ-¸¶§-tfm§Ä Sp In-S-]n-Sn-¡-¯-¡ kzo-I^u{≠n-IÄ aqt¶m cn-¡p\mtem Im-Wmw. R§Ibpw sN-¿p¶p. fpsS DÂ-¸\-§Ä-¡v {]-[m-\-am-bpw aÕ-cw aÕc§sf t\ssN-\-bn \n-¶pw cn-Sp¶-Xv bq-tdm-¸n F-§s\? \n-¶p-amWv ]o sI {Kq¸nse {]apJ I¼\n ]osI Ìo Im-Ìnw-Kv-kv ss{] enan-ä-UmWv. A-Xnsâ core competency Cu cwK-¯pÅ a-äp C-´y³ I¼\nI-fn \n¶pw hn`n-¶amWv. AXp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ aÕ-c-§Ä Ipd-hmWv. C-´y-bn ]o sI Ìo-en-sâ D¸¶§-tfm-Sp In-S-]n-Sn-¡-¯-¡ ^u-{≠nIÄ aqt¶m \mtem Im-Wmw. R§-fpsS DÂ-¸¶-§Ä-¡v {]-[m-\-am-bpw aÕ-cw ssN-\-bnÂ\n-¶pw bq-tdm-¸n \n-¶p-amWv. ssN-\-bn-se s{]m-U-£³ tIm-kv-än-se I-p -dhpw bq-tdm-¸nse lead time se Ip-d-hpw{]-Xn-_-Ô-§-fm-Ip-¶p≠v. Ah-sb Xc-Ww sN-¿p-hm³ R-§Ä k-Zm Pm-K-cq-I-cmWv. ^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pv-saâ v \-S-¯p¶-Xv F-§s\? km-¼¯n-I am-µy-w _nkn-\Êns\ _m[nt¨m? {Kq-¸n-sâ ^n-\m³-kv taÂ-t\m-«w h-ln¡p¶-Xv No-^v ^n\m³-jy Hm-^o-kÀ BWv. ^n-\m³-jy am-t\-Pv-saân-sâ FÃm B-[p\n-I coXn-Ifpw R-§Ä D-]tbm-Kn-¡mdp≠v. {Kq-¸n-sâ ^n\m³-kv H-cp _-Pä-dn I¬-t{SmÄ kn-kv-äw h-gn \n-b-{´n¡-s¸-Sp¶p. hyXym-k-§sf kq-£v-a-am-bn ]cn-tim-[n-¨p hn-e-bn-cp-¯p-Ibpw ]-cnlm-c \-S-]-Sn-IÄ F-Sp-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿pw. s{]m-

U-£³ ¹m-\p-IÄ A-\p-k-cn-¨v Bh-iy-ap-Å ]-ZmÀ-°-§-fp-sS tÌm-¡v an-\n-aw se-h-en-te-¡v sIm-≠p-h-cp¶p. Iq-Sm-sX ^n-\n-jvUv Kp-Uv-kn-sâbpw hÀ-¡vþC³þt{]m-{K-kn-sâbpw kv-täm¡p-Ifpw \n-b-{´-Wm-[o-\-amWv. tImkv-äv dn-U£-\p th-≠n \n-c´-cw ]-cn{i-an-¡p¶p. Value added engineering productste-¡p-Å h-gn-¯n-cnhpw b-Ymka-bw {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am¡nb sshhn[y-h¡-cWhpw Imc-Ww B-tKm-f km-¼¯n-I amµyw ]osI Ìo-en-s\ A{X-sbm¶pw _m-[n-¨nÃ. b-YmÀ-°¯n h-¼n-¨ h-fÀ-¨-bm-Wv 2012þ13  ]osI Ìo Im-Ìnw-Kn-\p-≠m-bXv. I-¼-\n-bp-sS I-b-äpa-Xn hym-]m-cw ap³ hÀj-s¯ A-t]-£n-¨v 38 i-X-am-\t¯m-fw hÀ-²n¨p. k-l-{]-hÀ-¯-I-cp-sS B-i-b§-sf kzmK-Xw sN-¿m-dp-t­≠m? A-¯-c¯n \-S-¸m¡n-b G-sX-¦nepw kml-Ncyw Dt≠­m?

Poh-\-¡m-cpsS anI¨ B-i-b-§Ä hn-i-Ie-\w sN-bv-Xv kzo-Im-cy-am-sW¦n {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡p¶p. F-sâ a-¡Ä sam-bv-Xp-hn-sâbpw jm-\-hmkn-sâbpw B-i-b-amWv Value added engineerings products te-¡v Xn-cnbp-hm³ F-s¶ t{]-cn-¸n-¨Xv. A-h-cpsS B-i-b-{]-Im-cw C-t¸mÄ ]o sI Ìo-en H-cp A-Xym-[p\n-I sa-jo³ tjm-¸p≠v. tIm-Sn-IÄ sN-eh-gn-¨p hm§nb CNC sa-jo-\p-IÄ A-hn-sS {] hÀ-¯n-¡p¶p. kwcw-`I Po-hn-X-¯n F-t¸m-sg¦nepw tXmÂ-hn t\-cn-«n-«pt≠m? AXn-s\ F§-s\ adn-I-S¶p? F-sâ _nkn-\kv Pohn-X-¯nsâ B-cw-`-Ime-¯v [m-cm-fw I-ã-X-IÄ A-\p-`-hn-¨n-«p­≠v. Ah-sb tXmÂhnbmbn«v K-Wn-¡p-¶nÃ. Cu I-ãX-IÄ ]n-¶o-Sp-Å F-sâ kw-cw-`-I Po-hn-X-¯n H-cp ]mT-am-bn Xs¶ A\p`hn-¨n-«p≠-v­.

37


Hmt«m-sam-_oÂ

CSpH, H-cp Câ-enPâv sajo³ tem-Iw am-ä-§Ä-¡p hn-t[-

{]tim`v sI ]n

mm-¨p l p I s p c H v F-¶ ¨v-_m-¡CSpH-hnthWwn-fn-¡m³. s\ h km-t¦Xn \qX\ y, anI¨ -I hnZ-cy-§Ä ku-I H-cp-¡n F¶nh-fpsS C-eP-\-§ v ImÀ F-¶ nIv-{Sn-I -¸-s¯ am-ä k-¦Â-cn-¡p-I-bma-dn-¨n o-{µ Wv a-l n-eqsS... CSpH-h

38

h

À-j¯n C-S-X-S-hnÃm-sX kÀ¡mÀ Øn-cw {]-Jym-]n-¡p-¶ H-¶p≠-v, C-Ô\hn-e hÀ-[-\-hv. sR-«-tem-sS-bmWv Cu a-lm{]-Jym-]-\-s¯ P\w DÄ-s¡m-Åp-I. F¶m C-\n A-s§-s\-sbm-cp {]-Jym]-\w h¶m sS³-j-\-Sn-t¡--≠. a-lo-{µ td-h CSpH C-e-Iv-{Sn-¡v ImÀ Cu hI {]-Jy-]m\-§Ä-¡v ss_.. ss_... ]-d-bp-I-bmWv. 2010 _w-K-fq-cp B-Øm-\-am-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶ CeIv-{Sn¡v ImÀ \nÀ½mXm¡fm-b tdhsb Gsä-Sp-¯mWv a-lo-{µ CSpHhn-sâ ]-Wn-¸pc-bn-te-¡n-d-§n-bXv. C-Xn-sâ `m-K-am-bn \q-dp tIm-Sn cq-]-bpsS \n-t£-]-am-Wv a-lo-{µ \-S-¯n-b-Xv. C-e-Iv-{Sn-Iv ImÀ F-¶ Bi-bw am-{X-am-Wv td-hbn \n¶pw ssI-sIm-≠n-«p-ÅXv. {]-I-Sam-b amä-§Ä h-cp-¯nbmWv a-lo{µ CSpHhn-s\ hmÀ-s¯-Sp¯n-«p-ÅXv.

Im-se-Sp-¯p Ip¯m³ Ø-e-anà F-¶ ]-cm-Xn-bm-Wv a-lo-{µ BZyw ]-cnl-cn-¨Xv. H-cp ImÀ F-¶ \n-e-bn-te-¡v CSpH h-fÀ-¶p I-gn-ªn-cn-¡p¶p. H-cp sIm-¨p- lm-¨v-_m-¡v ep-¡p-≠v. ]-cnan-Xam-b Un-¡n- ku-I-cy-am-Wp-Å-Xv. \m-ept]À-¡v kp-J-am-bn bm-{X sN-¿m\m-hpw. c-≠p tUm-dp-I-fp-Å td-h-bp-sS t_m-Un D-bÀ-¶ \n-e-hm-c-ap-Å ¹m-kvän-¡n-em-Wv \nÀ-½n-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. A-Xym[p\n-I co-Xnbn C³-U-kv-{Sn-b ]-i sIm-≠m-Wv t_m-Un ]m-\-ep-IÄ tNÀ¯p-h-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. Xq-¡w Ip-dhv, s]s«-¶p-Å X-«-en- ]-cp-t¡Â-¡p-Itbm s]-bnânw-Kv C-f-Ip-Itbm sN-¿p-¶nÃ. ]p¯³ XeapdbnÂs¸« CXnsâ enYnbw Ab¬ _mädn HcpXhW NmÀÖv sNbvXm \qdv IntemaoäÀ Zqcw k©cn¡mw. _mädn ]qÀ®ambn NmÀÖp sN¿m³ A©paWn¡qÀ kabwth-Ww. \n-¶p-t]m-bm-epw CSpH-bp-am-bn IW-Îp sN-bv-Xn-«p-Å sam-ss_ B-¹n-t¡-j³ h-gn F-«p Intem ao-äÀ Hm-Sm-\pÅ dn-kÀ-hv NmÀ-Pv e-`n-¡pw. Hmt«mamänIv KnbÀ kwhn[m\apÅ ImÀ \Kcbm{XIÄ ap³\nÀ¯nbmWv cq]I¸\ sNbvXncn¡p-¶Xv. Pn]nFkv \mhn tKj³ kwhn[m\w, Iosekv F³{Sn, ÌmÀ«v/tÌm]v _«¬, hml\w t{_¡psN¿pt¼mÄ \ãs¸Sp¶ DuÀÖw _mädnbn kw`cn¡p¶ dosP\tdäohv t{_¡nMv kwhn[m\w XpS§nbhbmWv Cu C´y³ sshZypXImdnsâ khntijXIÄ. apwss_, _wK-eqcp, ]qs\, Al½Zm_mZv, sslZcm_mZv, NÞoKUv, sIm¨n F¶nhbmWv DS³ CSpH F¯p¶ \Kc§Ä. hnhn[ \Kc§fnse Imdnsâ hne AXXv kwØm\§Ä sshZypXn hml\§Ä¡v \ÂIp¶ k_vkn Unsb B{ibn¨ncn¡pw. {]XnhÀ jw CSpHbpsS 400 apX 500 bqWnäpIÄhsc hnägn¡m³ Ignbpsa¶mWv \nÀ½mXm¡fmb alo{µ {]Xo£n¡p¶Xv. hnhn[ \Kc§fn 250Hmfw NmÀÖnwKv

b-ambn sIm≠-­n-cn-¡p--I-bm-Wv. k-akv-X ta-J-e-I-fn-epw Cu amäw Im-Wm-hp-¶-XmWv. hm-l-\ cw-K-am-bmepw a-tä-Xp ta-J-e-bmbmepw a-lo-{µ C¯-cw am-ä§sf ap³-Iq-«n I-­≠p-sIm≠-­m-Wv {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-Xv. C-Ô-\hn-e hÀ-[-\hv, F-®-bp-sS e-`y-X-¡pd-hv, ]-cn-Øn-Xn a-en-\o-Ic-Ww F¶n-h I-W-¡n-se-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ C Sp H F-¶ hm-l-\-¯n-sâ {]-m-[m\yw F-{X-t¯m-f-ap-s­¶v \-ap-¡v a-\-kn-em-¡m-hp-¶XmWv. amä-§Ä BZyw DÄ-sImtÅ­-Xv P-\-§-fmWv. ]-cn-Øn-Xn a-en-\o-Ic-Ww Ip-d-bv¡m³ CSp H k-lm-b-I-am-sW-¶v P-\-§fm-Wv Xn-cn-¨-dn-tb-X ­ v. C¯-cw am-ä-§-sf kzo-I-cn-¡p-¶ P-\hn-`m-K-s¯ e-£y-an-«m-Wv CSp H ]p-d-¯n-d-¡n-bn-«p-ÅXv. H-cp Câ-enPâ v sajo³ F-¶ \n-ebn-emWv CSpH-sb Im-tW­-≠Xv. {]-tXy-I-am-bn cq-]-s¸-Sp¯nb sam-ss_ B-¹n-t¡-j³ h-gn hm-l-\-¯n-sâ km-t¦-Xn-IXsb \n-b-{´n-¡m-\m-hpw. am-ä-§sf DÄ-s¡m-Åp-¶ k-aq-l-am-Wv tI-c-f-¯n-ep-Å-Xv. A-XpsIm-­ ≠p Xs¶ CSpH-bv-¡p \à kzoImcy-X e-`n-¡p-sa-¶v R-§Ä¡p-d-¸p≠-­v.

BÀ N-{µ-auen, No^v Hm^v Hm¸-td-j³kv, a-lo-{µ td-h -C-e-Iv-{Sn¡v

kvtäj\pIÄ alo{µ \nÀ½n¨p Ignªp. UÂlnbn 95Dw _wKeqcn  100 kvtäj\pIÄ \nÀ½n¨p. Hcp aWn¡qdn\Iw _mädn ]qÀ®ambpw NmÀÖpsN¿m³ Ignbp¶ ]pXnb CSpH thcnbânsâ hnIk\ {] hÀ¯\¯nemWv \nÀ½mXm¡Ä. Bdpamk¯n\Iw bqtdm]y³ hn] Wnbnte¡v sshZypX ImÀ Ibäp aXn sN¿m\pÅ {ia§fpw a-lo-{µbv-¡p≠v. CSpH 5.9 e£¯n\mWv (UÂln) hn]Wnbnse¯p¶Xv. \n Êm³ eo^v ( 23 e£w), anXvkp_n jn sF- ssa Chv (23 e£w), sd\m Ä«v tkm (17 e£w) XpS§nbhsb At]£n¨v hne hfsc IpdhpÅ Ce{ÎnIv ImdmWnXv. s]t{SmÄ, Uok hne IpXn¨pbcp¶ Cu ImeL«¯n Ce{ÎnIv ImdpIÄ¡v Bhiy¡mÀ IqSp-sa-¶v B-in¡mw.


G-sXm-cp kw-cw-`-I\pw C-t¸m-g-sÃ-¦n k-ao-]-`m-hn-bn¯-s¶ h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw {i-² ]-Xn-¸n-t¡-≠ H-¶m-Wv {_m³-Un-sâ CâÀ-s\-än-ep-Å kw-c-£Ww. CâÀ-s\-äv h-gn _n-kn\-kv sN-¿m-¯ Øm-]-\-§Ä t]mepw CâÀ-s\-äv {_m³-Uv kw-c-£-W-¯n {i-² ]-Xn-¸n-t¡-≠n-h-cpw. A-Xn-\mÂ-¯s¶, `m-hn-bn-se B-h-iy-§Ä ap³-Iq-«n¡≠v C-t¸mÄ-¯s¶, CâÀ-s\-än \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cv kw-c-£n-¡m-\m-hiyam-b \-S-]-Sn-IÄ F-Sp-¡p¶-Xv \-¶m-bn-cn-¡pw

\n§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-s\ F§s\ _n-kn\-kv {_m³-Unw-Knepw {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cv kw-c-£n-¡p-¶-

¶p-s≠-¦n .net, .org, .in, .co.in, .us, .asia ap-Xemb TLDS c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-¿p¶-Xv \Ã-Xm-bn-cn-¡pw. C-{]-Im-cw a-äm-sc-¦nepw \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Uv a-äm-h-iy-§Ä-¡p-th≠n D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶-Xv X-S-bm-\m-hpw. D-Zm-l-c-W-¯n\v Porn sh_vssk-äpIÄ-¡m-bn Xp-S§n-b .xxp F¶ TLD, [m-cm-fw I-¼-\n-IÄ X-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cn c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-bvXp. a-äm-sc-¦nepw X-§-fp-sS {_m³-Uv C-{]-Im-cw D-]-tbm-Kn-¨m-ep-≠m-Ip-¶ A-`n-am-\£-Xw H-gn-hm-¡p-hm³ C-Xp-aqew Cu I-¼\n-IÄ-¡p km-[n¨p. C¯-cw {]-iv-\-§Ä H-gn-hm-¡p-hm³ -]-e {]ap-J Øm]-\-§fpw {]-[m-\-s¸-« TLDS X-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cn c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-¿m-dp≠v.

Slide Share.com \n-§-fp-sS Øm-]\-s¯/{_m³-Un-s\/t{]m-U-ÎpIsf kw-_-Ôn-¡p-¶ Hm¬-sse³ {]-k-tâ-j-\p-IÄ kq£n-¡p¶ ssk-äm-WnXv. tkÀ-¨v F³-Pn³ H-]vSnssa-tkj-\v H-gn-¨p-Iq-Sm-\m-hm-¯ Hcp off page H-]vSn -ssa-tk-j³ amÀ-K-hp-amWv slideshare.com  t{]m-UÎpI-sf kw-_-Ôn-¡p-¶ {]-k-tâ-j-\p-IÄ t]m-kv-äv sN-¿p-¶Xv. A-Xn-\m \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cn slideshare.com F-¡u-≠v c-Pn-kv-äÀ sN-¿p¶-Xv \-¶m-bn-cn-¡pw.

tkm-jy aoUnb ssk-äp-IÄ

\n-§Ä-¡v kz-´-am-bn sh_v-sskäpw C-sa-bnep-sams¡-bp-s≠-¦nepw \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cn {] ap-J C-sa-bn tk-h-\ Zm-Xm-¡fmb Gmail/Yahoo/ Hotmail/ ap-Xemb ssk-äp-I-fn C-sa-bn A-{U-kv c-Pn-kv-äÀ sN-¿p¶-Xv \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-\v Iq-Sp-X kp-c-£n-XXzw \Â-Ipw. C¯-cw A-{U-kp-I-fn \n¶v \n-§Ä Øn-cw D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶ C-sa-bn-en-te-¡v C-sa-bn t^m-À-thÀ-Unw-Kv sk-äv sN-bv-Xv h-bv-¡m-hp¶-XmWv. \n-§Ä-¡v \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-\p th-≠n h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw C-sa-bn-ep-I-fp-s≠-¦nepw C-{]-Im-cw Hcp F-¡u-≠n \n-¶p X-s¶ FÃm C-sa-bn-ep-Ifpw hm-bn¡m-hp-¶Xpw a-dp-]-Sn-IÄ A-b-¡m-hp-¶-Xp-amWv.

Xnepw \-½p-sS \m-«n-ep-Å ap³\n-c kw-cw-`-IÀ C-¡me-¯v h-f-scb-[n-Iw {i-² ]-Xn-¸n-¡m-dp≠v. F-¶m Xp-S-¡-¡mcm-b kw-cw-`tP¡_v IÀ {_m³-Uv kw-c-£-W¯nt\m t__n t{S-UvamÀ-¡v c-Pn-kv-t{S-jt\m Im-cyam-b {i² sIm-Sp-¡m-dnÃ. _n-kn\-kv \n-e-\nÂ-¸v am{Xw ap-¶n¡-≠v {]-hÀ¯n-¨v {_m³-Uv kw-c-£-W-¯n {i² sIm-Sp-¡m-¯ ]-ecpw ]n-¶o-Sv hen-b {]-iv-\-§-fn sN-¶p-s]-Sm-dp≠v. t{S-Uv-amÀ-¡v c-Pn-kv-t{S-j-s\-¡p-dn-¨p-Å \n-b-a-h-i-§-sf¡p-dn¨pw c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-t¿-≠ hn-`m-K-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨p-ap-Å hy-à-X-bnÃm-bv-a-bm-Wv ]-e-t¸mgpw t{S-Uv-amÀ-¡p-I-fpw tIm¸n-ssd-äv F-Sp-¡m-hp-¶ hÀ-¡p-Ifpw c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-¿p¶-Xn \n-¶v kw-cw-`I-sc ]n-´n-cn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv. C-´ybn t{S-Uv-amÀ¡v, tIm¸n-ssd-äv c-Pn-kv-t{S-j-s\-Sp-¡p-¶ Im-eXm-a-khpw a-säm-cp Im-c-W-amWv. G-sXm-cp kw-cw-`I\pw C-t¸m-g-sÃ-¦n k-ao-]-`m-hn-bn¯-s¶ h-f-sc-b[n-Iw {i-² ]-Xn-¸n-t¡-≠ H-¶m-Wv {_m³-Un-sâ CâÀs\-än-ep-Å kw-c-£Ww. CâÀ-s\-äv h-gn _n-kn\-kv sN-¿m-¯ Øm-]-\-§Ä t]mepw CâÀ-s\-äv {_m³-Uv kw-c-£-W-¯n {i-² ]-Xn-¸n-t¡-≠n-h-cpw. A-Xn-\m Â-¯s¶, `m-hn-bn-se B-h-iy-§Ä ap³-Iq-«n¡-≠v C-t¸mÄ-¯s¶, CâÀ-s\-än \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cv kw-c-£n-¡m-\m-h-iyam-b \-S-]-Sn-IÄ F-Sp-¡p¶-Xv \-¶m-bn-cn-¡pw. Câ-Às\-än \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-s\ kw-c-£n-¡p¶-Xv H-cp ]-cn-[n-hsc, t{S-Uv-amÀ-¡v c-Pn-kvt{S-j-t\-¡mÄ `m-hn-bn ^-ew sN-¿pw. CâÀ-s\-än \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cv kw-c-£n-¡p-hm-\p-Å {]-[m-\-s¸-« Nn-e amÀ-K-§Ä \-ap-¡v ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Smw.

\n-§-fp-sS {_m³Uv/ I-¼-\n-bp-sS t]-cn tkmjy aoUnb ssk-äp-I-fn t]-Pp-IÄ Xp-S-§p-¶Xpw \n-§-fp-sS Øm-]-\-s¯-¡p-dn-¨p-Å hn-h-c-§Ä DÄs¸-Sp-¯p-¶Xpw \Ã-XmWv. \n-§-fp-sS Øm-]-\-¯n-\v/ {_m³-Un-\p-X-Ip¶ unique URL tkm-jy ao-Un-b ssk-äp-I-fn kw-c-£n-t¡≠-Xv hf-sc {]m-[m-\y-aÀ-ln¡p¶p. \n-§-fp-sS Po-h-\-¡mÀ-¡v, \n-§-fp-sS I-¼-\n sb, A-hÀ tPm-en-sN-¿p-¶ Øm-]-\-am-bn a-äp-Åh-sc A-dn-bn-¡p-hm\pw X-³aq-ew \n-§-fp-sS Øm-]-\-s¯¡p-dn-¨v Iq-Sp-X B-fp-IÄ A-dn-bp-hm\pw tkm-jy aoUnb ssk-äp-I-fn-se km-¶n²yw h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw k-lm-bn-¡p¶p. Facebook.com, Twitter.com, Linkedin. com, Google Plus ap-Xemb ssk-äp-I-fn \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cv kw-c-£n-¡Ww. tkm-jy amÀ-¡änw-Kv H¶pw sN-¿p-¶n-sænepw bm-sXm-cp _p-²n-ap-«nÃmsX \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Uns\ Cu ssk-äp-I-fn \n-§Ä¡v kw-c-£n-¡mw. Facebook  \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-\p tbm-Nn-¨ t]-cn-epÅ URL extension D-≠m-¡p-¶-Xn\v, H-cp \nÝn-X F®w like-IÄ B-h-iy-amWv.

\n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cn sUm-ssa³ c-Pn-ÌÀ sN¿pI

hoUntbm sj-b-dnw-Kv ssk-äp-IÄ

CâÀ-s\-än {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cv kw-c-£n-¡p-¶Xn G-ähpw {]-[m-\-s¸«-Xv \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]cntem A-sÃ-¦n AXn-t\m-Sv G-ähpw km-ay-ap-Å t]cn-tem sUm-ssa³ c-Pn-kv-äÀ sN¿p-I F-¶-XmWv. C-t¸mÄ sh_v-ssk-äv D-≠m-¡p-hm³ D-t±-in-¡p-¶n-sænepw `m-hn-sb ap³-\nÀ-¯nbpw \n-§-fp-sS F-Xn-cmfn-IÄ \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cn sh_v-ssk-äv c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-¿p-hm-\p-Å km[y-X I-W-¡m-¡nbpw \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cn-epÅ sUm-ssa³ c-Pn-ÌÀ sN¿p-I F¶-Xv hf-sc {]-[m-\-am-Wv. 5 an-\n-«v sIm-≠v ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡m-hp¶ sUm-ssa³ c-Pn-kv-t{Sj-\v km[m-c-W-bm-bn 500 cq-] ap-X 750 cq-] h-sc {]-Xn-hÀjw sN-e-hm-¡mhp-¶-XmWv. \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cn-epÅ .com tSm-]v se-h sUm-ssa³ (Top level Domain -TLD) B-Wv B-Zy-am-bn c-Pn-kv-äÀ sN-t¿-≠Xv. CâÀ-s\-än Im-cyam-b km-¶n²yw \n-§Ä D-t±-in-¡p-

40

\n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cn Youtube.com, metacafe.com XpS-§n hoUntbm sj-b-dnw-Kv ssk-äp-I-fn F-¡u-≠v c-Pn-kv-äÀ sN-¿p¶-Xv \Ã-XmWv. \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-\v C-t¸m-gp-Å A-sÃ-¦n `m-hn-bn D-≠m-tb¡m-hp-¶ TV ]-c-ky-§fpw ho-Untbm tUm-Iyp-saâ-dnIfpw Cu F-¡u-≠pI-fn-eq-sS a-äp-Å-hÀ Im-Wp-¶-Xn\m-bn \n-§Ä-¡v A-]v-tem-Uv sN-¿mw. C-¯-c-¯n A-]vtem-Uv sN-¿p-¶ \n-§-fp-sS hoUn-tbmIÄ, \n-§fp-sS sh_v-ssk-änepw tkm-jy aoUn-b t]-Pp-I-fnepw {]-ZÀ-in-¸n-¡-phm\pw km-[n-¡pw. Pinterest.com hntZ-i cm-Py-§-fn h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw {]-Nm-c-ap-ÅXpw \-½p-sS \m-«n th-K-¯n {]-Nm-cw e-`n-¨p-h-cp-¶Xpam-b hy-Xy-k-vXam-b H-cp tkm-jy s\-äv-hÀ-¡nw-Kv ssk-äm-WnXv. Image content [m-cm-f-ap-Å Cu ssk-äv B-fp-IÄ-¡v h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw {]n-b-¦-c-amWv.

C-sa-bn A-{U-kp-IÄ

{i-²n-t¡-≠ Im-cy-§Ä \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-s\ kw-c-£n-¡p-hm-\m-bn F¡u≠vv c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-¿p-¶ hnhn[ ssk-äp-Ifn \n-§-fp-sS C-sa-bn A-{Ukpw tIm≠m-Îv sN-¿m-\p-Å hn-h-c-§fpw Ir-Xy-am-bn sIm-Sp-¡p-I. \n-§Ä Øn-c-am-bn D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶ C-sa-bn A-{U-ÊpX-s¶ hnhn[ ssk-äp-I-fn F-¡u≠v c-Pn-kv-äÀ sN-¿p-hm³ D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-I. a-äp I-¼-\n-I-fp-sS {_m³-Up-I-fp-a-m-bn km-ay-apÅ t]-cn F-¡u-≠p-IÄ c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-¿cpXv. sUm-ssa³ c-Pn-kv-t{S-j³ hÀ-jm-hÀ-jw ]p-Xp-¡p-I. \n-§-fp-sS {_m³-Un-sâ t]-cv \n-Ý-bn-¡p-¶-Xn\v ap-¼v X-s¶ hnhn[ ssk-äp-I-fn B {_m³-Un F¡u-≠v c-Pn-ÌÀ sN-¿-phm-\p-Å km[y-X ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-I. \n-§-fp-sS t{S-Uv-amÀ-¡pIÄ (c-Pn-kv-äÀ sN-bvX-h-bpw AÃm-¯-Xpw) \n-§-fp-sS sh_v-sskänepw tkm-jyÂaoUn-b t]-Pp-I-fnepw {]-ZÀ-in¸n¡pI. (Nesote Technologies -amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvS-dmWv teJ-I³, jacobbbc@gmail.com)


hnZym`ymkw t^m¡kv

 km[yX , w p ¡

D

¶X hnZym-`ymk, sXmgn taJ-e-I-fn Ime-¯n-\-\p-kcn-¨pÅ ]p¯³ {]h-W-X-IÄ C¶v Zriy-am-Wv. C¶s¯ BtKm-f-h-XvIrX -bp-K-¯n C¯cw {]h-W-X-IÄ D¸m-Z-\w, hyh-kmtUm Sn ]n bw, tkh-\w, tkXp-am-[-h³ Kth-jWw, kmt¦-Xn-IhnZy XpS-§nb taJ-e-I-fn {] I-S-am-Wv. temIw km¼-¯nI amµy¯n \n¶pw Ic-I-b-dn-b-tXmsS 2011 epw 12 epw sXmgn taJ-e-Ifn {it²-b-amb amäw I≠­p XpS-§nbn-«p≠-v. 2013 hnZym-`ymk sXmgn taJ-e-I-fn cmPy-¯n-\-I¯pw hntZi¯pw hcm-\n-cn-¡p¶ km[y-X-Ifpw {] h-W-X-Ifpw {i²-tbmsS hne-bn-cp-t¯--≠Xp≠-v. 2013  sXmgn taJebn kvs]j-enÌv sXmgn-epIÄ¡v km[y-X-tbdpw. CâÀs\-änep-≠mIp¶ h³ hfÀ¨m \nc¡v tkh\ taJ-ebv¡v Icp-t¯-Ipw. ASp-¯nsS ]pd-¯n-d-§nb a¡n³kn dnt¸mÀ«n CXnsâ hyà-amb kqN-\-I-fp≠--v. {]i-kvX-amb hntZi kÀÆ-I-em-im-e-I-fmb lmÀhmÀUpw Ìm³t^mÀUpw CXn-\Iw Xs¶ kuP\y Hm¬sse³ hnZym`ymk tImgvkp-IÄ Bcw-`n¨p. Coursera, edX F¶n-hbv¡v IqSp-X {] Nmcw e`n¨p hcp-¶p. hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bn hnhc kmt¦-XnI hnZy-bn-eqsS km[y-X-IÄ {]tbm-P-\-s¸Sp-¯n-bpÅ Cþ-teWnw-Kv, sSIvt\m-fPn Ft\-_nÄUv teWnwKv F¶nh IqSp-X Icp-¯mÀÖn-¡pw. D¶-X-hn-Zym-`ymk cwK¯v anI-hpä A[ym-]-I-cpsS £maw \nI-¯m³ CXv Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc klm-bn¡pw. C´y³ kÀÆ-I-em-im-e-IÄ Cu cwK¯v Gsd apt¶-dn-¡-gn-ªp. AarX kÀÆ-I-em-im-e-bpsS A-view (Amrita Virtual Interactive E learning world) CXn\v sXfnhm-Wv. kuP-\y- A-view tkm^vävsh-bÀ tkh\w hnZymÀ°n-IÄ¡pw A[ym-]-IÀ¡pw Gsd {]tbm-P\-s¸-Spw.

42

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I t v Ì -en

j ] s kv

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{]

-Ä I p mgvk \pw

hnZy-`ym-k-ta-J-e-bn ]p¯³ ]mTy-]-²XnIÄ C¶v temI-¯m-I-am\w hn]p-e-s¸«p hcp-¶p. Active learning, Problem-based learning, Technology enabled distance learning, Activity oriented learning apX-em-b-h 2013 C´ybn IqSp-X DuÀÖn-X-s¸-«phcp¶p. sFSn A[n-jvTnX hnZq-c- hnZym`ymkw iàn-s¸Sp-t¼mÄ ho«n-en-cp¶v anI¨ tImgvkp-IÄ ]Tn-¡m³ IqSp-XÂt]À Xm¸cy-s¸-Spw. Cu cwK¯v hyhkm-bw, tkh\w, kmt¦-XnI taJ-e-IÄ, F¶n-hbneq-¶n-bpÅ ]p¯³ tImgvkp-IÄ¡v {]k-àn-tbdn hcp-¶p. kvs]j-enÌv sXmgn-ep-IÄ iàn-s¸-Spt¼mÄ Ah-bv¡n-W-§nb Customised tImgvkpIÄ¡pw km[y-X-tb-dpw. amt\-Pvsaâ v tkh-\cw-K¯v Cu amäw {]I-S-amWv. kvs]j-ssekvUv Fw_nF t{]m{Km-ap-IÄ, sXmgn taJ-e-bv¡n-W§nb tImgvkp-IÄ F¶nh IqSp-X-embn cq]-s¸-Spw. Uph Fw_nF Ign-ª-hÀ¡v cmPy-¯n-\-I-¯pw hntZ-i¯pw anI¨ sXmgn e`n-¡pw. dos«bnÂ, FDI, kss¹-sN-bn³ apX-emb taJ-eI-fn Cu amäw {]I-S-am-Wv. bqWn-th-gvknän Hm^v sht̬ Hmkvt{S-en-b-bnse Dd-¡-hp-ambn _Ôs¸« Sleep Science tImgvkv Ime-¯n-s\m¯ ]p¯³ tImgvkp-I-fnÂs¸-Sp¶p. am\-h-tijn hnIk-\-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸« Imcy-§Ä hkvXp-\n-jvTambn hni-I-e\w sN¿m-\p-X-Ip¶ analytics-driven HRD tImgvkp-IÄ¡v 2013 km[y-X-tbdpw. kzImcy

I¼-\n-IÄ hyànXz hfÀ¨, kl-Ic-Ww, Iq«m-bva, Xocp-am-\sa-Sp-¡Â, sXmgn apt¶-äw,

hyànXz _Ô-§Ä F¶n-hbv¡v Du¶Â \ÂIp¶ C¡m-e¯v Analytics HRDbv¡v {]k-àn-tb-dp-¶p. temI-¯m-I-am\w {]hÀ¯-\-an-I-hn-eq-¶n-bpÅ sXmgn-ep-IÄ¡mWv km[y-X-tb-dp-¶-Xv. AXn-\m Skill oriented course\v h³ km[y-X-I-fm-Wp-Å-Xv. {]hÀ¯\ anI-hp-Å-hÀ¡v CÃm-¯-h-sc-¡mÄ icm-icn 30 iX-am-\¯n-e-[nIw sXmgn-e-h-kc§Ä e`n-¡pw. bqtdm-¸n-enXv 49 iX-am\hpw bpsI, s_ÂPn-bw, Cäen F¶o cmPy-§-fn 35iX-am\¯ne-[n-I-hp-am-Wv. 2013 sFSn taJ-e-bn h³ hfÀ¨m\nc¡v Zriy-am-Ipw. Hu«vtkmgvknwKv (Out Sourcing) IqSp-X hn]p-e-s¸Spw. bqtdm¸v, Ata-cn-¡, bpsI, a[y-]qÀtÆ-jy³ cmPy-§Ä, {_n¡v cmPy-§Ä [(BRIC)þ{_-koÂ, djy, C´y, ssN\F¶n-hn-S-§fn Cu taJ-e-bn IqSp-X sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§Ä cq]-s¸-Spw. 2020HmSp-IqSn 75 iX-am\w sXmgn-ep-I fpw kmt¦-Xn-I-hn-Zy-bn-eq¶nbmbn-cn-¡p-sa¶v IW¡p-IÄ hyà-am-¡p-¶p. sFSn, Iw]yq-«À t{]m{Km-anw-Kv, tkm^vävshbÀ cwK§fnse km[y-XI-fn-te¡nXv hncÂNq­≠p-¶p. 2013 samss_Ât^mWp-IÄ, CâÀs\äv {_uknw-Kn t]gvk-W Iw]yq-«-dn-t\-¡mÄ apt¶dpw. 80 iX-am\w lm³Uvskäp-Ifpw C\n kvamÀ«v t^mWp-I-fm-bn-cn-¡pw. 20 iX-am\w lm³Uvskäp-IÄ hn³tUmkv t^mWp-I-fm-bn-cn¡pw. 2015HmSpIqSn Sm_vseäp-I-fpsS F®¯n h³ hÀ²-\ Zriy-am-Ipw. 50 iX-am\¯ne-[nIw em]vtSm¸v hn]-Wnbpw Sm_vseäv Iog-S-¡pw. hnZym`ymkcwK¯v sSIvt\m-fPn A[n-jvTnX hnZym`ymkw {]mhÀ¯n-I-am-Ip-¶Xv Sm_vseäv hn]Wn Icp-¯mÀÖn-¡m³ klm-bn-¡pw. Cu cwK¯v hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bv¡n-W-§nb tkm^vävshbÀ cwK¯v IqSp-X sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§Ä Zriy-am-Ipw. kvIqÄ, tImsf-Pv, Tertiary hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bn Cu amäw Zriyam-Ipw. lmÀUvshbÀ cwK¯pw h³ hfÀ¨ ssIh-cn¡pw. dos«bn hn]Wn iàn-bmÀÖn-¡p-¶-tXmsS Cu taJ-e-bn _ncp-Z-[m-cn-IÄ¡v IqSp-X- sXmgne-h-k-c-§Ä e`n-¡pw. 2013 amt\-Pvsaâ v I¬kÄ«³kn-bn 16.5 iX-am\hpw Iw]yq-«À, Ce-Ivt{SmWnIvkv hyh-km-b-¯n 14.6 iX-am\hpw km¼-¯n-Iw, C³jpd³kv, dnb FtÌäv F¶nhbn 12.6 iX-am\hpw \nÀ½mW taJ-e-bn 11 iX-am\hpw sXmgn-ep-IÄ cq]-s¸-Spw. ^mÀa-kyq-«n¡Âkv, s{]m^-j-W hnZym-`ymkw F¶n-h-bn-epw IqSp-X sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§Ä ssIh-cn-¡pw.


tImÀ¸-tdäv

kzÀ ® \q-dp-i-X-am-\w ]-cn-ip-²n D-d-¸m-¡p-¶-Xn- C-´y-bnse No.1 Pq-hÂ-dn {Kq-¸v, hnäp-h-c-hnsâ ASn-Øm-\¯n C-´y-bn-se c-≠ma-s¯ G-ähpw hen-b do-s«bv Pq-hÂ-dn irwJ-e, Hä am-t\-Pv-saân-sâ Io-gn tem-tIm-¯-c \n-e-hm-c-ap-Å 24 im-J-IÄ, 3,500 A-[n-Iw Po-h-\-¡mÀ, {]-Xn-hÀjw 5,000 tIm-Sn- cq] bn-e-[n-Iw h-cp-am-\w. kÀ-¡m-cn-\v G-ähpw A-[n-Iw I-cw \Â-Ip-¶ ssl-b-kv-äv Sm-Iv-kv s]-bÀ...C-´y-bpsS Pq-hÂ-dn lºm-b tI-c-f-¯n \n-¶pw kp-hÀ-®-t\-«-§Ä ssIh-cn¨v ap-t¶-dp¶ tPm-kv-t¡m PqhÂ-dn-bp-sS In-co-S-¯n-se s]m³-Xq-h-ep-IÄ \nch-[n-bm-Wv...\q-X-\ B-i-b-§-fn-eq-sSbpw X-{´-§-fn-eqsSbpw hy-h-km-b-¯nsâ hn-P-b-c-Y-¯nte-dnb tPm-kvt¡m {Kq-¸n-sâ kp-hÀ-®-]-Y§fneq-sS...

C sI \yqkv _yqtdm

A

-©v Z-im-Ðw ap-¼v ]n F tPm-kv F-¶ ZoÀL-ZÀ-in-bp-sS {i-a^-e-am-bm-Wv tPm-kvt¡m F-¶ Pq-hÂ-dn {Kq-¸v Øm-]n-X-am-Ip-¶Xv. B-`-c-W-cwK¯v hn-Z-Kv-[-\m-bn-cp¶ tPm-kn-sâ t\-Xr-Xz-¯n D-b-c-§-fp-sS sIm-Sp-ap-Sn-bn-te-¡v tPm-kvt¡m ]n-¨-sh¨p. Cu hn-P-bbm-{X I-≠pw tI«pw A-dnªpw tPm-kv-t¡m-tbm-sSm-¸w h-fÀ-¶-h-cp-sS Iq«¯n ]n F tPm-kn-sâ a-I³ tSmWn- tPmkpw D-≠m-bn-cp-¶p. tPm-kv-t¡m-bpsS Cu h-fÀ-¨- tSmWn-bp-sS kw-cw-`-I-bm-{X-bn-te-¡p-Å _m-e-]m T-§Ä B-bn-cp¶p. AXp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ hÀ-j§Ä I-gn-ªv tPm-kvt¡m F-¶ km-{am-Py-¯n-sâ Xm-t¡m AÑ-sâ ssI-¿n \n-¶pw G-äp-hm-§nb-t¸mÄ H-cp Xp-S-¡-Imc-sâ A-¦-em-¸p-I-sfm¶pw tSm-Wn-¡v D-≠m-bn-cp-¶nÃ. ""A-ѳ _n-kn\-kv GÂ-¸n-¡p-t¼mÄ X-s¶ tPmkv-t¡m-sb Iq-Sp-X D-b-c-§-fn-se-¯n-¡-W-sa-¶ Zr-V-\nÝ-bw F-\n-¡p-≠m-bn-cp¶p. Cu e£yw ap-¶n I≠p-sIm-≠v B-ßmÀ°-X-tbmSpw sshZ-Kv-[y-t¯mSpw Xp-S-¡-Im-ew ap-X {]-hÀ-¯n-¨pXp sIm-≠m-Wv {Kq-¸n-\v Iq-Sp-X an-Ihpw ]qÀ-®X-bpw ssI-h-cn-¡m³ km-[n-¨-Xv. FÃm-¯n\pw D]cn A-ѳ F-\n-¡v km-[y-am¡n-b A-´m-cm-{ã \n-e-hm-c-ap-Å hn-Zym-`ym-khpw tem-I-]-cn-N-bhpw F-sâ I-gn-hp-I-sfbpw aq-ey-§-sf-bpw \n-e-]m-Sp-Isfbpw ]cn-t]m-jn-¸n-¨ L-S-I-§-fm-Wv, Cu A-\p`-h-k¼-¯v kw-cw-`-I-bm-{X-bn-se ap-XÂ-Iq-«p-I-fmWv. kw-cw-`IXz-¯n hn-P-bn-¡-W-sa-¦n \ho-\ B-i-b-§-fpw kÀ-¤m-ß-I-Xbpw h-fÀ-¯p-¶-tXmsSm-¸w am-\p-jn-I-_-Ô-§fpw Im-¯p-kq-£n-¡m³ k-Zmk-¶-²-cm-IWw. P-\-§-fp-sS ]n-´p-Wbpw k-l-I-c-W-hp-anÃm-sX ap-t¶m-«p t]m-Im³ km[n-¡nà F-¶ hm-kv-X-h-am-Wv _n-kn\-kv Po-hnX-¯n Rm³ ]Tn-¨ ]mTw,'' tSmWn- tPm-kv ]-d-bp-¶p. ]n F tPm-kv ]-IÀ-¶p \ÂIn-b ZoÀ-L-ZÀ-i-\ hpw tSm-Wn kzm-b-¯-am-¡n-b A-\p-`p-h-k-¼-¯pw \-ho-\-B-i-b-§-fp-sS B-e-bn-en-«v cm-In-an-\p-¡nb-tXm-sS tPm-kvt¡m tSm-Wn-bp-sS ssI-]n-Sn-¨v Iq-Sp-X D-b-c-§-fn-te-¡v Ip-Xn¨p. cm-Py-¯p-S\o-fw Hä am-t\-Pv-saân-sâ Io-gn-em-bn 24 temtIm-¯-c \n-e-hm-c-apÅ im-J-IÄ tPm-kvt¡m Xp-d-¶p. 3,500 A-[n-Iw Po-h-\-¡m-cpÅ tPm-kvt¡m-bp-sS {]-XnhÀ-j h-cp-am\w 5,000 tIm-Sn- cq] bn-e-[n-I-amWv. hym]m-c cwK-s¯ {]-iw-k-\o-bamb tk-h-\-§Ä-¡p-Å \n-ch-[n ]p-c-kv-¡m-c-§Ä {Kq-¸n-s\ tX-Sn-sb¯n. A-Xn G-ähpw ]p-Xnb-Xv tI-c-f-kÀ-¡m-cnsâ "Z ssl-b-kv-äv Sm-Iv-kv- t]bÀ' A-hmÀ-Um-Wv. kp-hÀ-® X-{´§Ä A-Sp-¯n-sS h-¶ dn-t¸mÀ-«p-IÄ A-\p-k-cn-¨v tS¬-Hm-hÀ I-W-¡p-{]-Im-cw C-´y-bn-se c-≠ma-s¯ h-en-b do-s«-bv Pq-hÂ-dn irw-J-

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e-bm-Wv tPm-kv-t¡m. Cu hn-P-b-s¯-¡p-dn¨pw A-Xn-te-¡v \-bn-¨ L-S-I-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw tSmWntPm-kv hy-à-am-¡p-¶-Xn§s\ ""hn-P-b-¯n-te-¡v F-¯m³ Ip-dp-¡p-h-gn-I-sfm-¶p-anÃ. \n-c-´-c-]-cn{i-a-¯n-eq-sS tPm-kvt¡m t\-Sn-sb-Sp-¯-XmWv Cu Aw-Ko-Im-cw. D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fm-Wv tPm-kvt¡m-bp-sS hn-P-b-c-l-kyw. D-t]m-`-àm-¡m-hn-sâ Xm¸-cy-§Ä A-dn-ªp-Å anI¨ tk-h-\-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶-Xn tPm-kvt¡m hn-«p-ho-gv-¨ Im-Wn-¡mdnÃ. D-]-t`m-àm-hn-sâ a-\-Ê-dn-ªp-Å B-`-c-W§-fm-Wv tjm-dq-apIfn-ep-ÅXv. A-h-cpsS C-ãm\n-ã-§Ä-¡-\p-k-cn-¨v B-`-c-W-§-fn ]p-¯³ ]-co-£-W-§Ä sIm-≠p-h-cm³ R-§Ä a-Sn-¡mdnÃ. G-ähpw A-[n-Iw do-sk-bv hm-eyp D-Å B-`-c-W-§Ä tPm-kv-t¡m-bn \n¶pw e-`n-¡pw. C-Xv a-äp-Å-h-cn \n¶pw R§-sf hy-Xy-kv-X-am¡p-¶ kp-{][m\ L-S-IamWv. tem-I-¯n-sâ hn-hn[-`mK-¯p\n-¶p-ap-Å ssh-hn-²y-amÀ-¶, ]m-c¼-cy X-\n-abpw "Bân-¡v' Un-ssk-\n-ep-apÅ B-`-c-WtiJ-chpw sIm-≠v k-¼-¶-am-Wv tPm-kv-t¡m-bpsS Hmtcm tjm-dq-apw. C-´y-bn-se hnhn-[ Ø-e-¯p\n-¶p-ap-Å hy-Xy-kv-X-amÀ-¶ B-`-c-W-hpw tPm-kvt¡m-bp-sS am-äv Iq-«p¶p.'' hÀ-j-§-fm-bn 916 BIS Hallmarked B-`-c-W§Ä ]-Wn-bp-¶-Xn-\m-bn kzn-äv-kÀ-eâ v DÄ-¸-sSbp-f-f cm-Py-§-fn \n-¶m-bn kzÀ-®w C-d-¡pa-Xn sN-¿p-¶p. Pq-hÂ-dn cw-K-s¯ hn-Z-Kv-[-cp-sS taÂt\m-«-¯n tPm-kv -t¡m-bp-sS X-s¶ ^m-Î-dn-bn \nÀ-an-¡p-¶ B-`-c-W-§Ä D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v 100% ]-cn-ip-²n-bpÅ B-`-c-W-§Ä D-d-¸p-\Â-Ip¶p. kzÀ-®-¯n-sâ hn-e-Ip-d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶ A-h-k-c¯n FwFwänkn-I-fn-eq-sSbpw _m-¦p-I-fn-eqsSbpw kzÀ-®w ap³-Iq-dm-bn _p-¡v sN-bv-Xv FÃm tjm-dq-ap-I-fp-sSbpw B-h-iy-¯n-\p-Å B-`-c-W§Ä H-ä-b-Sn-¡v D-≠m-¡p-¶-Xn-\m 916 B-`-c-W-§Ä-¡p In-«m-hp-¶ G-ä-hpw D-bÀ-¶ aqeyw tPm-kvt¡m B-`-c-W-§Ä-¡v In-«p-¶p. kzÀ-®-t¯m-sSm-¸w h-{Pm`-c-W ta-J-e-bnepw Xnf-¡-amÀ-¶ t\-«-§Ä kz-´-am-¡m³ tPm-kvt¡m {Kq-¸n-\v km-[n-¨p. h-{Pm`-c-W cwK-s¯ B-Z-c-Wob {_m³-Um-Wv tPm-kv-t¡m. GIA/IGI/SGL kÀ-«n^n¡-äv D-Å U-b-a≠p-Ifpw IF/VVS/DRF A-´mcm{ã Aw-Ko-Im-ch -- pw IGI kÀ-«n-^n-¡-äp-ap-Å 100% Kp-W-ta-³abp-Å h-{Pm`-c-W ti-J-chpw tPm-kvt¡m-bp-sS {]u-Vn-Iq-«p¶p. kzÀ-®s¯-t]m -se X-s¶ B-h-iy-ta-dp-¶ hn-`m-K-am-bn h-{Phpw am-dn-b-tXm-sS hn-hmlm-tLm-j-§Ä-¡pw tPm-kvt¡m-bpsS -h-{Pm-`-c-W-§Ä-¡v {]-k-àn-tbdn. kp-hÀ-®-X-cw-Kw tI-c-fo-b-cpsS kzÀ-®{`-aw {]-i-kv-X-am-Wv. s]m¶nÃm-¯ B-tLm-j-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨v Nn-´n-¡m³ t]mepw a-e-bm-fn-¡v km-[n-¡m-dnÃ. F-¶m C-Xv B-`-c-W-t¯m-Sp-Å {`-aw sIm-≠p am-{XaÃ, kzÀ®-¯n-sâ aq-ey-s¯-¡p-dn-¨v tI-c-fo-bÀ t_m-[hm³am-cmb-Xp sIm-≠m-sW-¶ A-`n-{]m-b


®-¯n-f-¡w... mäw

n-bn-se a W ] nh ® zÀ k

hnhn-[ \n-d-§-fn-ep-Å kzÀ-®m-`-c-W-§fp-tS-Xm-Wv h-cpw-Imew Hm¬sse³ hgn kzÀ®w hm§p-¶-h-cpsS F®hpw IqSn-h-cp¶p P-\-§-fn-¶v F-®-t¯-¡m-tf-sd Kp-W-¯n-\m-Wv {]m-[m\yw I¸n-¡p-¶-Xv

kp-J-I-chpam-b \n-ch-[n tk-h-\-§Ä {]-Zm-\w sN-¿p-¶-Xn-\m-bn irw-J-e-IÄ hn-]p-eo-I-cn-¡m-\p-Å ]-²-Xn-bn-em-Wv D-]-t`m-àr ku-lmÀ-±-sa-¶v {]-i-kv-XnbmÀ-Pn-¨ Cu Øm]\w. tPm-kv-t¡mbv-¡p-Ån X-s¶ hnhn-[ X-cw ]pXn-b {_m³-Up-Ifpw k-_vþ{_m³-Up-Ifpw \-S-¸n-em-¡m-\p-Å X-¿m-sd-Sp-¸n-em-Wv I-¼\n. \n-e-hn-ep-Å hn-]-Wn-bn-epw ]p Xn-b hn-]-Wn-I-fn-ep-am-bn im-J-IÄ hn-]peo-I-cn-¡m-\p-Å ]-²-Xn-IÄ Xp-S-§n-¡gnªp. A-Xn-sâ `m-K-am-bn sIm-¨n-bnse ep-ep-am-fn tPm-kv-t¡m-bp-sS ]pXnb tjmdqw {]-hÀ¯-\am-cw-`n-¨p. X-an-gv-\mSv, IÀ-®mS-I F-¶n-hn-S-§fnepw tPm-kv-t¡m-bp-sS ]pXnb tjm-dqap-IÄ ssh-Im-sX {]-hÀ¯-\w B-cw-`n¡pw. \n-ch-[n \ho-\ B-i-b-§-fn-eq-sS anI-¨ Kp-W-ta-·bpw tk-h-\hpw D-]-t`màm-hn-\v D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯p-I F-¶ _n-kn-\ kvv X-¯z-im-kv-{Xw {]-Xn-Úm-_-²-am-bn \n-d-th-äp-Ibm-Wv tPm-kv-t¡m {Kq-¸v .

tPmkvt¡m-bpsS CXc Øm]-\-§Ä

tPm-kv-t¡m ^pSvt_mÄ ¢-_v tSm-Wnt¡m ao-Un-b A-UzÀ-ssS-knw-Kv I-¼\n tSm-Wnt¡m I-t^ tIm^n-tjm-¸v tSm-Wokvv FâÀ-sS-bv³-saâ v

ssh-hn-[y-amÀ-¶ h{Pw/¹m-än\w B-`c-Ww [-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-te-¡v Im-ew am-dn-¡-gn-ªp

A-hmÀ-Uv Xnf-¡w Highest Tax Payer award Business Wizard Kerala Award Excellence in Business Award The most consumer friendly & Enduring jewellery Brand Award Best Consumer friendly & Quality Oriented Establishment Award -am-Wv tSm-Wn- tPm-kn-\p-f-f-Xv.""C´y -t]m-ep-Å cm-Py-§-fp-sS {][m-\ i-àn kzÀ-®-am-Wv. kzÀ-®-¯n-sâ aq-eys¯-¡p-dn-¨v D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä Xn-I¨pw t_m-[-hm-³am-cm-Wv. 916 BIS Hallmarked B-`-c-W-§Ä am-{X-sa P-\-§-fn-¶v hm§m-dp-Åq. B-`-cW-§-tfm-sSm-¸w 24 ct

tKmÄ-Uv _m-dp-I-fpw 916 \m-W-b-§fpw `m-hn-\n-t£-]-am-bn I-cp-Xn hm-§p-¶-hcp-sS F-®-¯nepw hÀ-²-\-hv D-≠v . A\p-Zn-\w am-ä-§Ä-¡p hn-t[-b-am-bn-s¡m≠n-cn-¡p-¶ hn-]-Wn-bp-sS N-e-\-§Ä a-\-Ên-em-¡n ap-t¶-dm\pw tPm-kv-t¡mbvv-¡v km-[n-¡p¶p. ""Hmtcm k-µÀ-`¯nepw hy-Xy-kv-X-X-bp-Å B-`-c-W-§Ä [-cn-¡m-\m-Wv D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä C-ã-s¸Sp-¶-Xv. P-\-§-fpsS Cu ]p-Xp-a-bv-¡p th-≠n-bp-Å Im-¯n-cn-¸v Un-ssk-\nepw ]m-tä-Wnepw C-¶-th-j³-kv sIm-≠p-hcm-\p-Å A-hk-cw D-bÀ-¯p-¶p. hnhn-[ \n-d-§-fn-ep-Å kzÀ-®m-`-c-W§-fp-tS-Xm-Wv h-cpw-Imew. Hm¬-sse³ h-gn kzÀ-®w hm-§p-¶-h-cp-sS F-®hpw Iq-Sn-h-cp-¶p-≠v . P-\-§-fn-¶v B-`-c-W-§fp-sS A-f-hn-t\-¡m-tfsd Kp-W-¯n-\m-Wv {]m-[m\yw IÂv-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. hn-hm-l¯n\pw a-äpw \nd-sb B-`-c-W-§Ä [-cn¡p-¶-Xn-\p ]I-cw Ht¶m ct≠m sshhn-[y-amÀ-¶ co-Xn-bn-ep-Å h{Pw/¹m-än\w B-`c-Ww [-cn-¡p-¶- s{S³-Unte-¡v Im-ew am-dn-¡-gn-ªp.'' B-`-c-W-cwK-s¯ ]p-Xp-X-cw-K-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨v tSm-Wn tPm-kv hy-à-am-¡p¶p. kp-hÀ-® bm{X D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v th-K-ta-dn-bXpw

45


{_m³UnwKv & {_m³Uvkv Iq-Sn tNÀ-¯m-Wv C-Xv \nÀ-½n-¡p¶-Xv. ""hn-]-Wn-bn \n-e-hn-ep≠m-bn-cp-¶ I-^v kn-d-¸p-I-sfÃmw Xm-c-Xayw sN-bv-Xpw K-thj-Ww \-S-¯n-b-pamm-Wv Irjv-W Xpf-kn I-^v kn-d-¸v R§Ä hn-]-Wn-bn Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨Xv,''_m_p ] d-bp-¶p. ""Np-a-bv-¡p-Å A-tem¸-Xn a-cp¶p-IÄ I^w ]qÀ®mbpw tcmKnbnÂ\n¶pw CÃmbva sN¿p-¶n-sömWv ]e ]T-\§fpw ]d-bp-¶-Xv. F¶m IrjvW-Xp-fkn I^v knd-¸nse ^v kn-d-¸v F-¶v tIÄ¡p-t¼mÄ ]e-cp-sSbpw a\-Ên BZyw Iq«p-IÄ Hcp-¡n-bXv I^s¯ Hm-Sn-sb-¯p-¶ t]-cm-bncn¡pw Irjv-W Xp-f-kn. Fw-hn-Fw B-bpÀ]qÀ®ambpw CÃmbva sN¿p-¶th-Zn-Iv dn-kÀ-¨v em-_v ]pd-¯n-d-¡p¶ IrjvW-Xp-fkn I^vv knd-¸v co-Xn-bn-em-bn-cp-¶p. ]qÀ®mbpw C¶v \sÃmcp iX-am\w P\-§-fp-sSbpw Btcm-Ky-io-e-¯nsâ `mK- B-tcm-Ky-{]-Zam-b Cu I-^v knam-bn-¯oÀ¶n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ir-jv-W-Xpf-kn I-^v kn-d-¸ns\ tI-c-f-¯nd¸v A-tem¸-Xn I-^v kn-d-¸pIÄ se {][m-\ D¸¶ {_m³-Up-Ifn-sem-¶m-¡n am-än-b-Xn-\v ]n-¶n-se t]m-se tcm-Kn-sb a-b-¡n-I-f-bp¶panÃ,''_m_p Iq«n-t¨À¡p-¶p. X-{´-§Ä ]-¦p-sh-¡p-I-bm-Wv am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ Ir-jv-W -Xp-f-kn-sb-¶ {_m³-Uv sI Fw _m-_p s\bnw Ir-jv-W-Xp-f-kn-sb-¶ {_m³-Uv s\-bn-apw em-t`-Ñ-bnÃm-¯ {]-bm-Ww I-bm-bn-cp-¶p Fw-hn-Fw. DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ kzo-Im]ck y§ Ä¡\ pk ran-I-¨ Hu-j-[-Kp-W-ap-Å D¸-¶w cy-X-bv-¡v h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw X-ambn D¸-¶-§-fn Ip-d-ª \n-c-¡n km-[m-c-W-¡mk-lm-b-I-am-bn-«p-≠v. D¶X K pW \ ne h mc a pd ¸ pcnse¯n¡m-\m-Wv R-§Ä {i-an-¨Xv. P-\-§-fp-sS-bn-S-bn h-cp-¯m\pw I¼-\n-¡m-bn. A-Xp-X-s¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p Irjv-W Xpf-kn IrjvW-Xp-f-kn-¡p-Å Npa b v ¡ pw Pe t Zmj ¯ nI-^v kn-d-¸n-s\ ap-Jy {_m³-Up-Ifn-semkzm[o\w hf-sc h-ep\pw im-iz-X-]-cn-lm-c-am-bn ¶m-¡n-bXv. A-ѳ sX-fn-¨ ]m-X-bn Xm-Wv. IrjvW-Xp-f-kn\nc h[ n t]À AwK oI c nem-`-aÃ, tk-h-\-am-Wv {]-[m-\w F-¶ ¡p-ff Hu-j-[-Kp-Whpw ¨Xpw km-£y-s¸-Sp-¯nX¯zw ap-dp-sI ]n-Sn-¡m³ km-[n-¨-Xpw kzo-Im-cy-Xbpw _lpbX pamb {_m³U mWv v \m-fn-Xphsc tN-cp-h-I-fp-sS Kp-W-\n-eam-\hp-saÃmw a-\-kn-emIrjv-W Xpf-kn I-^v knhm-c-¯n ]p-eÀ¯n-b {i-²-bp-am-Wv ¡n-bmWv Cu {_m³-Uv ds¸¶v _m_p ]db p¶p. a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS \m-hn³- Xp-¼n-te¡v I-^v s\bnw Xs¶ kzo-I-cnkn-d-s¸-¶m Ir-jv-W-Xpf-kn F-¶ Xe- ]-≠v apX-te D-]-tbm-Kn-¨n- sI Fw _m-_p ¨Xv. cp¶ Ij mb ¯ ns â Iqs S ¯n-te¡v hf-cm³ klm-bn-¨-Xv. H-cp Ba-e-bm-fn-bp-ÅnS-¯v {]-Ir-XnZ-¯am-b Ip-cpap-f-Iv, Np¡v, XnbpÀth-Z {_m³-Un-s\ A-Xn-sâ Hu-j-[ R-§-fp-ap-≠v ¸en, A-Xn-a-[pcw Xp-S§n-b tN-cp-h-IÄ Kp-W-¯n-eq-sS ap³-\n-c-bn-te-¡p-bÀ-¯p""a-e-bm-fn-IÄ F-hn-sS-bpt≠m A-hn-sS-sbÃmw IrjvW-Xp-fkn-bpap≠v. tem-I-¯n-sâ G-Xv ap-¡nepw aq-e-bn-ep-apÅ ae-bmfn-Ifpw R-§-fp-sS D¸-¶w hm-§n-s¡m-≠p-t]m-Im-dp-≠v. ] e tUm-ÎÀ-am-cp-sS a-¡Ä¡pw \Â-Ip¶-Xv R-§-fp-sS DÂ-¸¶-am-Wv. C-Xv DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ Kp-Whpw hn-izm-ky-Xbpw sh-fns¸-Sp-¯p-¶ L-S-I-amWv. tI-c-f¯n-ep-S-\o-fw Uo-eÀ-amÀ h-gn-bmWv DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ hn-Xc-Ww \-S-¯p-¶-Xv,''_m_p ]d-bp-¶p. B-bpÀ-th-Zw P-\-Iob-am-Im³ \n-ch-[n I-S-¼-IÄ B-bpÀ-th-Z-am-Wv C-\n B-tcmKy-ta-J-e-bv-¡v D-WÀ-th-Ip-I-sb¶v ]-ecpw ]-d-bp-t¼m-gpw A-Xnte-s¡-¯m³ \n-ch-[n I-S-¼-IÄ I-S-t¡-≠Xp-s≠¶v _m_p ] d-bp-¶p. a-cp-¶p-I-fp-sS Kp-Whpw a-Whpw H-«pw ]pd-¯v t]m-Im¯h-®w kw-c-£n-¡p-¶ PÀ-½³ sSIv-t\m-f-Pnbm-Wv C-t¸mÄ temI-cm-{ã-§Ä Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡p-¶Xv. ssN\ t]m-ep-Å cm-Py-§Ä t-- N-cp-h-I-fp-sS a-Ww H-«pw tNmÀ¶p t]m-Im-sX Ip-¸n-bn-em-¡p-¶ km-t¦-Xn-I-hn-Zy kzm-b-¯-am-¡n I-gnªp. -A-Xym-[p-\n-Iam-b Cu sSIv-t\mf-Pn C-hn-sSbpw km[y-am-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n B-bpÀth-Z-¯n-\v h-fÀ-¨-bp-≠m-Im³ D-]-I-c-n¡pw. {]mNo\ E-jn-amÀ I-≠p-]n-Sn-¨ B-bpÀ-th-Z- {K-Ù§-fn X-s¶-bm-Wv B-bpÀ-th-Zw C¶pw \nÂ-¡p-¶Xv. Iq-Sp-X-em-bn K-thj-Wtam a-äv Im-cy-§tfm H¶pw X-s¶ \-S-¡p-¶nÃ. B-bpÀCorporate Office: Capstocks Towers, Thakaraparambu Road, Fort, Trivandrum -695023. th-Z-¯n K-thj-Ww C¶pw Tel: 0471-2461745, 2463518 Fax: 0471-2461946. e-mail:capstock@vsnl.com ssi-i-h Zn-i-bn-em-Wv. C-Xn-s\ www.capstocks.com Toll free number: 1800 425 4744 Ãmw H-cp am-äw h-tc-≠ Im-ew A-Xn-{I-an-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

BbpÀth-Z-¯nsâ X\na tNmcm-sX... I

46

Fw

Fw-hn-Fw B-bpÀ-th-Zn-Iv dn-kÀ-¨v em_v

-hn-Fw B-bpÀ-th-Zn-Iv dn-kÀ-¨v em_n-sâ {][m-\ {_m³-Up-Ifn-sem-¶mb Irjv-W Xpf-kn B-bpÀ-th-Zn-Iv I-^v kn-d-¸v k-am-\ DÂ-¸-¶-ta-J-e-bn tI-cf-¯n- {]Y-a Øm-\w A-e-¦-cn-¡p¶p. Z-£n-tW-´y-bn-se {][m-\ B-bpÀth-Z `n-j-Kz-c\m-b am-Wn ssh-Zy-sâ t]-cn A-t±-l-¯n-sâ a-I\pw am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-dÎ-dpam-b sI Fw _m-_p 1991 Bcw-`n¨ Øm]-\w C-¶v I-^v kn-d-¸v Iq-Sm-sX a-äv aq-¶v DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä Iq-Sn D-]-t`m-àm-¡fn-se-¯n-¡p-¶p. em-`-aà tk-h-\-am-Wv {]-[m-\w F-¶ A-ѳ sX-fn-¨ ]m-X-bneq-sS k-©-cn-¨-XmWv Fw-hn-Fw B-bpÀth-Zn-Iv dn-kÀ-¨v em-_n-sâ DÂ-¸-¶§-sf a-e-bm-fn-IÄ D-Ån-S-s¯Ãmw {]n-b-¦-cam-¡n-bXv. 70þ80I-fpsS Im-e-L-«-¯n F-gp]-Xv Xcw a-cp-¶p-IÄ D-≠m-¡n A-h kz-´w sa-U-n¡Â tjm-¸p-IÄ h-gn km[m-c-W-¡m-cn-se-¯n-¨n-cp-¶ A-ѳ am-Wn ssh-Zy-\m-bn-cp¶p Fw-hn-Fw B-bpÀ-th-ZnIv dn-kÀ-¨v em-_v Xp-S-§m³ t{]-c-W-bmb-Xv. an-I-¨ km-¼-¯n-Im-h-Ø-bnÃm-¯Xn-em-\m H-cp¸-¶w am{Xw a-Xn-sb-¶ Im-gv-N-¸m-Sn-em-Wv Irjv-W Xpf-kn I-^v kn-d¸vv B-cw-`n-¨Xv. 2004  Ir-jv-W-Xpfkn sl-bÀ tSm-Wn-Iv B-cw-`n-¨ Fw-hn-Fw C-t¸mÄ, aq-¡-S-¸v, P-e-tZmjw, ssk-\ssk-än-kv F-¶n-h-bv-¡v {]-Ir-Xn Z-¯ ]cnlm-cam-b sIþthmÄ C³-tleâ v Iym-]v-kyqÄ; \-Sp-thZ\, k-Ôn-thZ\, ap-«v thZ\, I-gp-¯pthZ\ Xp-S-§n-b-hAI-äp¶ Iyp-bÀ s]-bn³ sP F-¶o c-≠v B-bpÀth-Z a-cp-¶p-IÄ Iq-Sn D-]-t`màm-¡Ä-¡mbn hn]-Wn-bn-se-¯n-¡p¶p. sImÃw PnÃ-bn-se ]q-b-¸-Ån-bn-emWv Fw-hn-Fw B-bpÀ-th-Zn-Iv dn-kÀ-¨v em-_nsâ tImÀ-¸-td-äv B-Øm-\hpw \nÀam-W bq-Wn-äpw {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-Xv. e-£yw tZio-b \n-e-hm-c-¯n-te-¡p-bcpI ""Ir-jv-W-Xpf-kn I-^v kn-d-¸n-\p ti-jw 2004 Ir-jv-W-Xpf-kn sl-bÀ tSm-Wn-Iv hn-]-Wn-bn-e-h-X-cn-¸n-¨v hn-P-bn-¨ Fw-hnFw B-bpÀ-th-Zn-Iv dn-kÀ-¨v em-_n- \n¶pw \-Sp-th-Z-\, ap-«p-th-Z-\, k-Ôn-th-Z-\, I-gp-¯v th-Z-\ F-¶n-h-sb A-I-äp-¶ Iyp-bÀ s]-bn³ sPepw aq-¡-S¸v, P-e-tZmjw, ssk-\-ssk-änkv F-¶n-h-bv-¡v {]-Ir-Xn Z-¯ ]-cn-l-mc amÀKam-b sIþthmÄ C³-tleâ v Iym-]v-kyq fpw hn-]-Wn-bn-se-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. Huj-[ Kp-W-¯n-epw ^-e-{]m-]v-Xn-bnepw P-\hn-izm-kw BÀ-Ön-¨p I-gn-ª Cu \m-ev B-bpÀth-Z DÂ-¸-¶-§-sfbpw tZio-b \n-ehm-c-¯n-te-¡p-bÀ-¯p-I-bm-Wv R-§-fp-sS e-£yw,'' _m_p ]d-bp-¶p.


ipNn-Xz-¯n\v ]pXnb am\w \ÂInb {_m³Uv “When you go to a doctor, there are some very strict, disciplinarian ones and there are some who make light of the illness. Lifebuoy is the second kind of doctor,” Amer Jaleel, NCD, Lowe Lintas.

C´y³ hn]-Wn-bn sse^vt_m-bpsS amÀ¡äv sjbÀ

ip

NnXzw F¶ hm¡n-t\m-Sp-IqSn tNÀ¯p-hbv¡m-hp¶ {_m³Uv, 117 hÀ-j-§-fmbn tem-Is¯Ãm-bn-S-¯pw kw-Xr-]v-Xcmb D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-Å, AWp-¡Äs¡-Xn-sc- Gähpw anI¨ kwc-£-W-ah-Im-is¸-Sp¶ tkm¸v...B-tcm-Ky-kw-c£-Ww {]-Xn-_-²-X-bmbn Gsä-Sp¯v ssI-IÄ ip-Nn-bm-bn kq-£n-t¡-­-≠Xn-s\¡p-dn¨v tem-I-hym-]-I-am-bn hÀ-jw tXmdpw "lm³-Uv hm-jnw-Kv sU'bpw hy-Xy-kv-X-hpw \q-X-\-hpam-b Imw]-bn-\p-Ifpw \-S-¯p-¶ {_m³Uvv...]d-ªp-h-cp-¶Xv sse^v-t_m-bv tkm¸n-s\-Ip-dn¨v Xs¶. hn-ti-j-W§fpw k-hn-ti-j-X-Ifpw A-\-h-[n-bpÅ sse^v-t_mbv F-hnsS-tbm A-hn-sSbm-Wv B-tcm-Ky-ap-Å-sX-¶v A¸w AXn-i-tbm-àn-tbm-sS-bmsW¦nepw ]ecpw k½-Xn-¡p¶p. 1894 Cw-¥≠-n­-em-Wv sse^v-t_m-bv {_m³-Un-sâ Xp-S-¡w. A-Wp-\m-i hn-ap-àn--¡m-bpÅ tkm-¸v F-¶ \n-e-bn hnÃyw sl-kvI-¯v enhÀ B-Wv sse^v-t_mbv tkm¸p-am-sb-¯p-¶-Xv. hymh-km-bnI hn¹-h-¯nsâ Ime-¯v B-bn-c-¡-W-¡n-\p- P-\-§Ä h-kn-¡p-¶ Cw-¥≠-­n-se e¦m-sjbÀ tN-cn-bn- ssS-t^m-bvUv, h-b-dn-f¡w, a-ª-¸n-¯w Xp-S§n-b ]-IÀ-¨-hym-[n-IÄ Øn-c-am-bn-cp-¶p. hr-¯n-lo-\am-b A-´-co-£hpw Pohn-X-co-Xn-bp-am-Wv hn-s«m-gn-bm-¯ ]-IÀ-¨hym-[n-¡p-Å {]-[m-\-Im-c-W-sa-¶v -Xn-cn-¨-dnª en-hÀ, ImÀ-t_m-fn-Iv B-kn-Uv sIm≠-v­\nÀ-½n¨ sse^vv-t_m-bv I≠-­p-]n-Sn¨p. ImÀ-t_m-fn-Iv B-kn-Uv A-S§nb tem-I-¯n-se B-Zys¯ slÂ-¯v tkm-¸mWvv sse^vv-t_m-bv. kp-K-Ôhpw hr-¯nbpw B-tcm-Kyhpw H-cp t]m-se {]-[m-\w sN-¿p¶-h-bm-Wv ImÀ-t_m-fn-Iv B-kn-Uv. temI-¯mI-am\w {]Xn-hÀjw A©p hb-Ên-\pXmsg hcp¶ 3.5 aney¬ Ip«n-I-fmWv \yptam-Wn-b, Utb-dnb XpS-§nb ]IÀ¨-hym-[n-IÄaqew ac-W-a-S-bp¶-Xv. ssI I-gpIn hy¯n-bmbn kwc£n-¡p-¶-Xn-eqsS CXv Hcp ]cn[n hsc XS-bmw. t_m[-h¡-cW ¢mkpI-fn-eqsS Cu ktµiw temI-¯m-I-am\w F¯n¨v ipNnXz kwc£W¯n X§-fpsS D¸-¶-¯nsâ ]¦v Dd-¸m-¡p-I-bmWv sse^vt_mbv F¶v A[n-Ir-XÀ Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp¶p. bpWn-sk-^p-ambn tNÀ¶v t¥m_ lm³Uv hm-jnwKv sU(GHD)bpw sse^vt_mbv kwL-Sn-¸n-¨p-h-cp-¶p. 2009 87 cmPy-§-fnse 600,000 kv¡qfp-I-fnse 200 aney¬ hnZymÀ°n-I-Ä PnF¨vUn Zn\w BtLm-jn-¨p. 2015 BIp-t¼m-tg¡pw 1 _ney¬ hnZymÀ°n-I-fn "lm³Uvhm-jnwKv' Dd¸m¡pIbmWv sse^vt_m-bpsS e£yw. _mÀ tkm¸v, lm³Uv hmjv, lm³Uv km\n-ssä-kÀ, t_mUn hmjv, sse^vt_mbv ¢n\n-sI-bÀ 10 XpS-§n \nc-h[n D¸-¶-§Ä sse^vt_mbv hn]-Wn-bn-en-d-¡p-¶p. sse^vt_mbv C´y-bn 1900Ifn- Hmkvt{S-en-b-bnte¡v hn]-W\w hym]n¸n-¨mWv sse^vt_mbv BtKm-f-X-e-¯n- BZy NphSp-hbv¸v \S-¯n-b-Xv. BtKmf {_m³Uv F¶ Bibw cq]-sa-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn\pap¼v Xs¶ BtKmf {_m³Umb D¸-¶-amWv sse^vt_mbv F¶v thW-sa-¦n ] d-bmw. 1935 emWv C´y³ amÀ¡-äp-I-fn tkm¸v hn]W\w Bcw-`n-¨-Xv. {KmaoW taJ-e-I-fnse \sÃmcp iX-am\w P\-§fpw sse^vt_mbv D]-t`m-àm-¡fm-bn-cp-¶p. C´y-bnse {KmaoW{]tZ-i-§-fn t¹Kv

XpS-§nb tcmK-§Ä ]nSn-s¸-«n-cp-¶ Ime-L-«-¯n-emWv sse^vt_mbv cmPys¯ hn]-Wn-I-fn-se-¯p¶-Xv. ipNnXzw Dd-¸p-\ÂIp-¶p-sh¶ ]c-ky-hp-am-sb-¯nb sse^vt_mbv tkm¸n\v hfsc thK-¯n C´y³ hn]-Wn-I-fn Øm\w Dd-¸n-¡m³ Ign-ªp. hne-¡p-dhpw KpW-ta-·bpw {_m³Unsâ kzoImcyX Iq«n. Nph-¸p-\n-d-¯n-epÅXm-bn-cp¶p BZy tkm¸v. ]n¶oSv D]-t`m-àm-¡sf BIÀjn-¡p¶ Xc¯n If-dnepw ]m¡nw-Knepw BIÀj-Wo-b amä-§Ä hcp-¯n. 1992 ^pSvt_mÄ Bkv]-Z-am¡n ]pd-¯nd-¡nb sse^vt_mbv ]c-ky-¯nse "sse^v-t_mbv F-hn-sSbmtWm A-hn-sS-bm-Wv B-tcmKyw' F¶ SmKvsse³ hfsc {]kn-²-am-Wv. "100-i-X-am-\hpw IoSmWp-¡-fn \n¶v kpc£' F¶-XmWv {_m³Unsâ skÃnwKv t]mbnâ v. {_m³Uv _nÂUnwKv FÃm- _n-kn-\-kn\pw k-aq-lt¯mSv henb D-¯-chm-Zn-Xzap-s­≠¶v hn-iz-kn-¨bm-fm-bncp¶p enhÀ. Xsâ D¸-¶-§Ä¡pw kaq-l-t¯mSv {]Xn-_-²-X-bp-­≠m-bncn-¡-W-sa¶v At±l¯n\v \nÀ_-Ô-ap≠-­m-bn-cp ¶p. B-tcm-Ky- kw-c£-W-¯n-\mWv sse^vt_mbv {]m [m-\yw \Â-Ip¶Xv. ]-IÀ-¨-hym-[n-IÄ-s¡-Xn-sc F§-s\ s]m-cpXmw F¶v ip-Nn-Xz-kw-c-£-W ¢m-kp-I-fn-eq-sS D-]-t`m-àm¡sf t_m[-hm³am-cm-¡n-bm-bn-cp¶p en-h-À tkm¸ns\ amÀ¡äv sNbvXXv. B-tcm-Ky-cwK-s¯ hn-Z-Kv-[cm-b s{]m^-j-W-ep-I-fpsSbpw imkv{X-Ú-cp-sSbpw t\-XrXz-¯n-emWv sse-^v-t_m-bv ip-Nn-Xz kw-c-£-W Imw] bv-\p-IÄ kwL-Sn-¸n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. Mother- The health doctor 1920I-fn sse-^v-t_m-bv A-UzÀ-ssS-knw-Kv Imw]-bv-\pIÄ kwL-Sn-¸n-¨n-cp-¶Xv ‘Mother- The health doctor’ F-¶ t]-cn-embn-cp¶p. h-\n-XI-sf am{Xw e-£y-an-«p-Å-Xm-bn-cp-¶p Cu Imw-]-bv³. Ip-«n-I-fp-sS ip-Nn-Xz-kw-c£-W-¯n A-½bv-¡p-Å {]m-[m-\y-s¯ ap-³\nÀ-¯n-bmWv Mother-The health doctor \v Xp-S-¡-an-«-Xv. ip-Nn-Xz-¯n-sâ {]-m[m-\y-s¯-¸-änbpw B-tcm-Ky-kwc£-W-s¯-¸-änbpw hn-ZymÀ-°n-I-sf t_m[-hm³am-cm¡m³ \-S¯n-b Imw-]-bv-\mWv The Lifebuoy Habit. -]cky Nn{X-§-fn-eq-sS-bpÅ s{]mtam-j³ coXn-Ifpw Btcm-Ky- kwc-£-W-s¯ ap³ \nÀ¯n-bp-Å-Xm-bn-cp¶p. Ip«n-Isfbpw sken-{_n-än-I-sfbpw D]-tbm--Kn-¨pÅ hyXy-kvX-amb ]c-ky-coXnIÄ P\-a-\-Êp-I-fn s] s«¶v Øm\w ]nSn-¨p. kvt]mÀSvkpw ^nävs\kpw tI{µo-I-cn¨pÅ ]cky§fpw amÀ¡-än {it²-b-am-bn.

Ipw`-ta-fbpw N¸m¯n ]ckyhpw C¡-gnª alm-Ipw-`-ta-f-bn sse^vt_m bv \nÀ½m-Xm-¡-fmb lnµp-Øm³ bqWn-en-hÀ Hcp-¡nb ]c-ky-coXn Gsd {i² ]nSn-¨p-]-än. tkm¸nsâ ]Xn-hp-ssi-enbnepÅ ]c-ky§Ä¡v hncp-²-ambn tamU-ep-I-Ä¡pw Xmc-§Ä¡pw ]Icw "sse^vt_mbv D]-tbm-Kn¨v ssI Igp-Intbm' F¶p tNmZn¨v cwKs¯¯n-bXv N¸m-¯n-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Ipw`-taf {]tZ-is¯ \q dn-e-[nIw hcp¶ hgn-tbmc IS-I-fnepw tlm«ep-I-fnepw hnf-¼n-bXv Cu tNmZyw Bte-J\w sNbvX N¸m-¯n-bm-bn-cp-¶p. ]c-ky-hm-NIw Fgp-Xnb ap{Z-I-fn {]tXyIw NqSv Ib-än-hn«mWv Cu ]ckyw X¿m-dm-¡p-¶-Xv. ]cky GP³kn-bmb HKnÄhn-bp-ambn tNÀ¶mWv bqWn-en-hÀ CXv X¿m-dm-¡n-b-Xv.

Help a child reach 5 a[y-{]-tZ-inse sXkvtKmc hntÃ-Pns\ tI{µo-I-cn¨v sNbvX sse^vt_m-bpsS Hm¬sse³ ]ckyw (Gondappa campaign) CXn-t\m-SIw h³ lnämbn Ign-ªp. C´y-bn A©v hb-Ên\p Xmsg-bp-ff c≠­v anÃy-tWmfw Ip«n-IÄ hÀjw tXmdpw Utb-dnb t]mep-ff tcmK-§Ä ]nSn-s]«v acn-¡p-¶-Xm-bmWv IW¡p-IÄ. ]¯v hÀj-ambn hmjnwKv lm³Uvkv hn¯v F tkm¸v F¶ Btcm-Ky-kw-c-£W Imws]bn³ \S-¯p¶ sse^vt_mbv Help a child reach 5 ]c-ky-hp-ambn F¯p-¶Xv Utbdnb aqew Gä-hp-a-[nIw acWw dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿s¸-Sp¶ sXkvtKmc F¶ C´y³ {Kma¯n-te¡m-Wv. A-©v hb-kv ]qÀ-¯n-bm-Ip-¶ aI-\v th≠-­n ]nXmhv X-eIo-gmbn ssI-IÄ Ip-¯n \-S¶v k-©-cn-¨v {Km-a-¯n-se A-¼-e-¯n {]m À-°n-¡m-s\-¯p-¶-Xm-Wv ]-c-ky-¯n-sâ C-Xnhr¯w. C´ybn Utb-dn-bbpw \yptam-Wnbbpw Gähpw IqSp-X-embn ]SÀ¶p-]n-Sn-¡p¶Xv sXkvtKmcbnem-Wv. 45- i-X-am-\-¯n IqSp-X Ip«n-Ifpw A©p- h-b-Êp- Xn-I-bp-¶-Xn\pap¼v Xs¶ tcmK-_m-[n-X-cmbn ac-W-s¸-Sp-¶p. c≠­v i-X-am-\-¯n Ipdhv c£n-Xm-¡Ä¡p am{Xta hr¯n-bmbn ssI IgpIn `£Ww Ign-¡p-¶-XneqsS Utb-dnb t]mep-Å- A-kp-J-§sf XS-bm ³ Ignbpw F¶v Adn-hp-Åp. ssII-gp-Ip-¶-Xn sâ {]m[m\yw t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bmWv Cu Imw]-bn\n-eqsS sse^vt_mbv e£y-an-Sp-¶-Xv.

47


A tribute to the late bus

hyh-kmb tIcf¯ ASn-¯d ]mIn-b-h hyh-kmb tIcfw sI«n-¸-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn \nÀ®m-b-I ]¦p-h-ln¨ a¬a-dª Nne hyh-km-bn-IfpsS kw`m--h\-IÄ

kvacn-¡p-I-bmWv FaÀPnMv tIc-f. A¶ InsäIvkv {Kq¸v Øm]-I³ Fw kn tP¡-_v, s^U-d _m¦nsâ cq]o-I-c-W-¯n \nÀ®m-bI ]¦p-h-ln¨ sI ]n tlmÀan-kv, Cut̬ {Kq¸v Øm]-I³ Fw C aocm³, ap¯qäv {Kq¸v Øm]-I³ Fw tPmÀÖv ap¯qäv, ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v Øm]-I³ ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³, ap¯qäv an\n Øm]-I³ amXyp Fw ap¯qäv, SnsIFw {Kq¸v Øm]-I³ X§ÄIpªp apk-en-bmÀþtI-c-f-¯nsâ km¼-¯nI hfÀ¨-bn \nÀ®m-bI kzm[o\w sNep-¯nb kwcw-`-§Ä¡v XpS¡w Ipdn¨ hyh-kmbnIfpsS ]«n-I-bn ChÀ ap³\n-c-bn-ep≠m-Ip-sa¶v XoÀ¨. tIc-f-¯nsâ hyh-kmb temIw sI«n¸Sp¯-hÀ Ch-cm-sW¶ BXy-´nI hne-bn-cp-¯-eà CXv. tIcf hnI-k-\-¯n\v ]pXnb hmXm-b-\-§Ä tXSp¶ kml-N-cy-¯n A´-cn¨ Nne hyh-km-bn-I-fpsS kw`m-h-\IÄ AS-bm-f-s¸-Sp-¯pI am{X-amWv e£yw C sI \yqkv_yqtdm

kwcw`w: s^U-d _m¦v Øm]-I³: sI ]n tlmÀankv

tIc-f-¯nse Gähpw henb kzImcy _m¦pw C´y-bnse anI¨ _m¦p-Ifnsem¶p-amWv s^U-d _m¦v

XpS¡w: 1945Â Xsâ 28þmw hb-ÊnemWv sI ]n tlmÀankv hmWnPy _m

¦p-I-fpsS D¯a amXr-I-bmb s^U-dÂ

48

_m¦n\v Beph BØm-\-ambn cq]w \ÂIp-¶-Xv. A`n-`m-j-I-\m bn HutZym-KnI PohnXw Bcw-`n¨ tlmÀanknsâ Pohn-Xs¯ hgn-Xn-cn¨v

hn«Xv _m¦nwKv cwK-t¯mSv tXm¶nb Xm¸cy-am-bn-cp¶p. 1945 _m¦nsâ No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«ohv Bbn Npa-X-etb-äp. [\-Imcy taJ-e-bnse hnI-k\ ]²-Xn-IÄ¡v Np¡m³ ]nSn¨ tlmÀanknsâ `c-W-an-I-hm-bn-cp¶p _m¦nsâ XpSÀ¶p-Å hfÀ¨bpsS Nhn-«p-]-Sn. hgn-¯n-cnhv: FdWm-Ipfw PnÃ-bnse s]cp-¼m-hq-cn A`n-`m-j-I-\mbn HutZym-KnI PohnXw Bcw-`n¨ tlmÀankv XoÀ¯pw Ahn-Nm-cn-X-ambmWv _m¦nwKv taJ-e-bn-te¡v Xncn-bp¶-Xv. tIcf kaq-l-¯n sImta-gvky _m¦nw-Knsâ Bh-iy-I-Xbpw km[y-X-Isfbpw ]än \S-¯nb hn]Wn ]T \§-fpsS ]n³_-e-¯n-emWv Xsâ {]hÀ¯\ aWvUew _m¦nwKv cwKt¯¡v am-änbXv. XpSÀ¶v 1945 Hcp hmWnPy _m¦n-\v cq]w \ÂIp-I-bpw 1947 s^U-d _m¦v F¶ t]cn ]p\À\ma-I-cWw \S¯p-Ibpw sNbvXp. _m¦nsâ hnI-k\ ]²-Xn-IÄ kaql-¯nsâ taÂX«nepw Xmtg-¯-«nepw DÅ P\hn`m-K-§Ä¡v ^e-{]-Z-am-Ip¶ coXn-bn-emWv At±lw Bhn-jvI-cn-¨Xv. ]W¯nsâ A]-cym]vXX sIm≠v

kmaq-lnI hnI-k-\w {]Xn-k-Ôn-bnem-I-cp-sX¶m-bn-cp¶p At±-l-¯nsâ ImgvN-¸mS.v s^U-d _m¦n-eqsS At±lw \S-¸m-¡m³ {ian-¨Xpw AXmbn-cp-¶p. Hcp imJ-bp-ambn Bep-h-bn {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n¨ s^U-d _m¦n\v C¶v C´y-sbm-«msI 285¸cw {_m©pI-fp≠v. _m¦nwKv cwKs¯ hnP-b-¯n-s\mSp-hn Ignª 10 hÀj-ambn kzm{ib hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bnepw kPo-h-amWv I¼\n. kh-nti-jX-IÄ: {]Xn-k-Ôn-Isf ssIap-X-em¡n hnPbw sIm¿p¶ ZoÀLZÀin. 1917 HIvtSm-_À hn¹h ImeL-«-¯n P\n¨ tlmÀan-kv, kzbw Hcp kmaq-lnI amä-¯nsâ `mK-ambn amdp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. kzmX-{´ym-\-´c `mc-X-¯nsâ [\-Im-cy- ta-JebpsS ASn-¯-d-sbm-cp-¡p-¶-Xn \nÀ®m-bI ]¦p-h-ln¨ At±-l-¯nsâ tkh-\¯nsâ Nph-Sp-]n-Sn-¨mWv C¶p ImWp¶ \h-bpK _m¦p-I-fpsS ]nd-hn. hyàamb ]²-XnIÄ, \b-]-c-amb Xocp-am-\w, t\Xr-Kp-Ww, £a, {]mtbm-KnI _p²n F¶n-h-bmWv At±-ls¯ hyXy-kvX-\m¡p-¶-Xv.


iness leaders of Kerala

¯n\v hÀ

S P E C I A L

S T O R Y

kwcw`w: SnsIFwþ{Kq¸v Øm]-I³: X§ÄIpªp apk-en-bmÀ kwcw`w: A¶þ In-säIvkv {Kq¸v Øm]-I³: Fw kn tP¡_v

{]-Xn-k-Ôn-bp-sS D-jv-W-ta-J-e-IÄ IS-¶v kz-]v-\§-sf bm-YmÀ-°y-¯n-te-

bv-¡v ]-dn-¨p-\-« hy-h-km-b-{]-ap-J-\m-bn-cp¶p Fw kn tP-¡_v. \m-Sn-sâ hn-I-k\w, sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS km-¼¯n-I `{Z-X F-¶o e-£y-§Ä-¡v {]m-[m-\yw sIm-Sp¯v A-t±-lw B-cw-`n-¨ A-¶þIn-sä-Iv-kv {Kq-¸v, tI-c-f-¯n-se kz-Im-cy- ta-J-e-bn G-ähpw henb sXm-gn Zm-Xm-¡-fm-bn am-dn-I-gnªp. Xp-S-¡w: Fd-Wm-Ipfw PnÃ-bnse Ing-¡-¼-e-sa¶ sIm-¨p-{Km-a-¯n shdpw F«p-sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-am-bn 1968em-Wv A-¶m A-eq-an-\n-bw I¼-\n {]-hÀ-¯-\w B-cw-`n-¨Xv. X-an-gv\m-«n \n-¶p-Å Aep-an\n-bw ]m-{X-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p A-Xphsc tI-c-f-hn]-Wn A-S-¡n-hm-Wn-cp-¶Xv. hn]-Wn I-s­-≠¯m³ \-s¶ _p-²n-ap-«n. DÂ-¸m-Z-\ -sNe-hv G-dn-b-Xn\m hn-]-Wn-bn ]n-Sn-¨p-\nÂ-¡m³ I-gn-bm-sX {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bn-embn. A-t¸m-gmWv 1974 X-an-gv-\m-«n \o-­≠p-\n-¶ ]-hÀ-I-«v Xp-W-bmbXv. A-hn-sS ]m-{X-\n À-½m-Ww Ip-d-ª-t¸mÄ B-h-iy-¡mÀ A-¶m A-ep-an-\n-bw ]m-{X-§Ä tX-Sn-sb¯n. a-äp I-¼-\n-I-fp-sS ]m-{X-§-tf-¡mÄ ]-Xn³-aS-§v Cu-Sp-\nÂ-¡p-¶-Xpw Kp-Wta³-a-bp-Å A-ep-an-\n-b-hpw D-]-tbm-àm¡-fp-sS {]o-Xn ]n-Sn-¨p-]än. A-hn-sS \n¶pw ssP-{X-bm-{X Xp-S§n. Nm-Ivk¬, km-dm kv-ss]-kkv, In-sä-Iv-kv en-an-äUv, In-sä-Iv-kv KmÀ-saâ v-kv en-an-äUv, kv-Iq_n-tU _m-Kvkv, {Sm-h -tU _m-Kvkv, FÃo-kv slÀ-_ F-Iv-kv-{Sm-£³-kv F-¶n§-s\ \n-ch-[n Øm-]-\-§-Ä-¡v A-Sn¯-d-sbm-cp¡n. h-gn-¯n-cnhv: \memw ]-©-h-Õ-c-]²Xn {]-Im-cw tI-{µ-kÀ-¡mÀ kz-bw sXmgn kw-cw-`-IÀ-¡m-bn 3900 (tI-c-f-¯n\v) ]-hÀ-eq-ap-IÄ G-sä-Sp-¡m³ B-fnÃm-sX h¶p. A¶-s¯ ap-Jy-a{´n kn A-NypXta-t\m\pw hy-h-km-b-a{´n Sn hn tXmakpw Fw- kn tP-¡-_n-s\ NÀ-¨-bv-¡v hn-fn-¨v In-g-¡-¼e¯v 400 X-dn-I-fp-am-bn Xp-S-§p-¶ tI-{µ-¯n\v taÂ-t\m-«w h-ln-

¡m³ B-h-iy-s¸«p. Cu hy-h-km-b-¯n\v tIm-a¬ -s^-kn-en-tä-äÀ F-¶ \n-ebv-¡v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡m³ k½-Xw aq-fn. a-äp PnÃ-I-fn-se bq-Wn-äp-I-fp-sS Np-a-X-e-¡mc-\mbn. ]n-¶o-Sv A-t±l-s¯ Im-¯n-cp¶Xv \n-b-a-\-S-]-Sn-Ifpw km-t¦Xn-I X-Sk-§-fpw aäv {]-Xn-k-Ôn-I-fpam-bn-cp¶p. \n-b-a-\-S-]-Sn-IÄ-s¡m-Sp-hn 400 X-dn-I-Ä G-sä-Sp-¯v 1982 In-sä-Iv-kv ep-¦n-bp-sS D¸mZ-\w Xp-S§n. A-\y-kw-Øm-\-§ -fn In-sä-Iv-kv {]n-b-¦-c-am-b-tXm-sS hkv-{X-\nÀ½m-W cwK-s¯ Ip-¯-I-IÄ Hfn-ªpw -sX-fnªpw In-sä-Iv-kn-s\-Xn-sc B-{Ia-Ww \-S¯n. A-Xn-s\-sbÃmw A -Xn-Po-hn-¨v C¶v Cu hy-hkm-b {Kq-¸n-sâ G-sX-¦nepw DÂ-¸-¶-anÃm-¯ ho-Sp-IÄ tI-c-f-¯n-ep-­≠m-hnà F-¶ \n-e-bn-tebv¡v A-¶þIn-säIv-kv {Kq-¸n-s\ h-fÀ-¯n. k-hn-ti-j-XIÄ: Øn-tcm-Õmlw, {]m-tbmKn-I ho-£Ww, FÃm-h-sc-bpw DÄ-sIm-Åm-\p-Å hnim-e a-\-ØnXn, am-dn-h-cp-¶ km-l-N-cy§-sf {]-tbm-P-\s¸-Sp-¯m-\p-Å IÀ-a-Ip-i-e-X, tem-I-]-cnÚm-\w, Bcpw A-dn-bm-sX ]m-h-s¸-« h-scbpw tcm-Kn-I-sfbpw k-lm-bn-¡pI,Kp-cp-¡³-am-scbpw Im-c-W-h-tcbpw kvt\-ln-¡p-Ibpw k-lm-bn-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿pI, Kp-W-ta·-bp-f-f D-¸¶-§Ä am{Xw \nÀ-½n-¨v hn-]W-\w sN¿pI F-¶n-hsbÃmw Fw-kn tP-¡-_n-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡v hgn-sbm-cp-¡n. Aw-K-ssh-Ieyw _m-[n-¨hÀ-¡v A-¶þIn-sä-Iv-kv Øm-]-\-§-fn sXm-gnÂ-\Â-Ip-h-m³ Im-Wn-¨ D-Õm-lw a-\p-jy- ]-cn-K-W-\-bp-sS D-Zm-¯ am-Xr-IbmWv. amXrI: hy-h-km-b kw-`m-h-\-bv-¡v kwØm-\- kÀ-¡mÀ GÀ-s¸-Sp¯n-b {]-Ya sse-^v ssSw A-¨o-hv-saâ v A-hmÀ-Uv Xp-I kz-´w \m-«n-se \n-cmew-_cm-b Ip-Spw-_-§Ä-¡p-Å s]³-j³ ]-²-Xn¡v \Â-In. 200 t]À-¡v {]-Xn-am-kw 500 cq-] ho-Xw s]³-j³ \Â-Ip-¶ ]-²-Xnbm-Wn-Xv. 10 e-£w cq-]-bm-bn-cp-¶p A-hmÀ-Uv Xp-I. s]³-j³ ]-²-Xn-¡v th≠-­n-hcp-¶ _m-¡n 1.10 tIm-Sn kz-´w ^≠-­nÂ\n-¶m-Wv B a-\p-jy-kv-t\-ln

kzm{i-b- hn-Zym-`ymkcwK¯v ]pXnb amXrI krjvSn¨p

XpS¡w: hyh-kmb {]ap-J-I³,

Fgp-¯p-Im-c³, ^nem³t{Xm-¸nÌv, hnZym-`ymk hnZ-Kv[³ XpS-§n hnti-j-W-§Ä A\-h[nbpÅ X§Ä Ipªpapk-en-bmÀ 1958emWv kzImcy hnZym-`ymk taJ-ebnse D¯a amXr-I-bmb SnsIFw {Kq¸n\v XpS¡w Ipdn-¡p-¶-Xv. tIcf-¯n-se kzImcy taJ-e-bn-epÅ BZys¯ F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv tImsfPnsâ BhnÀ`m-h-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv kwØm-\-s¯ hnZym-`ymk taJ-eh³ amä-§Ä¡p km£yw hln-¨ Xv. hnZym-`ymk¯n\p ]pdsa hymhkm-bnI cwK¯pw kmaq-lnI, kmw kvIm-cnI cwK-§-fnepw ]{X-{]-hÀ¯ \¯nepw hne-a-Xn-¡m-\m-hm¯ kw `m-h-\-IÄ \ÂIn C¶s¯ Xe-ap-dbpsS a\-knepw Nnc-{]-XnjvT t\Snb hyàn-Xz-¯n-\p-S-a-bmWv At±lw.

hgn-¯n-cnhv: hnZym-`ym-k-¯n-\p

tijw 18þm-as¯ hb-Ên tPmen tXSn kntem-Wn F¯nb X§Ä Ipªp- ap-k-en-bmÀ, AhnsS cXv\J-\-\- sXm-gn-enteÀs¸-«p. ]n¶oSv ate-jy-bn-te-¡v. Iptd-¡m-es¯ {] b-Xv\-^-e-hp-ambn Xncn¨v \m«n-se¯n AhnsS Iip-h≠n hyh-km-b-¯n\v XpS-¡-an-«p. hnP-b-I-c-ambn apt¶-dnb Xsâ hyh-km-b -bm-{X-¡n-S-bnÂ, 1944 ]{X-{]-hÀ¯\ taJ-e-bnte¡pw {i² Xncn-¨p. "{]`mXw' F¶ t]cnepÅ Bgv¨¸-Xn-¸n XpS§n ]n¶o-S-Xns\ Zn\-]-{X-am¡n amän. hyh-km-b-cw-K¯pw ]{X{]-hÀ¯\ cwK¯pw ssIh-cn¨ t\«w sIm≠v hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bnepw DZm-c-amb

t£a-{]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡v At±lw XpS-¡w-Ip-dn-¨p. kaq-l-¯nsâ hnZy`ym-k-]-c-am-b- ]p-tcm-KXn e£y-an«v 1958 "X§Ä Ip-ªp-ap-k-en-bmÀ F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv tImsfPpw' ]n¶oSv 1965 "SnsIFw BÀSvkv Bâ v kb³kv tImsfPpw' Infn-sImÃq-cn Øm]n-¨p. C¶v SnsIFw tImsfPv Hm^v F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv, SnsIFw tImsfPv Hm^v BÀSvkv Bâ v kb³kv, SnsIFw C³Ìn-äyq«v Hm^v amt\-Pvsaâ v, SnsIFw C³Ìnäyq«v sSIvt\m-f-Pn, SnsIFw kv¡qÄ Hm^v I½yq-Wn-t¡-j³ Bâ v C³^Àta-j³ sSIvt\m-fPn F¶n§s\ \nc-h[n hnZym-`ymk Øm]-\§Ä SnsIFw {Kq¸n\v Iogn-ep-≠v.

kh-nti-jX-IÄ: kz`m-h-ip-

²n, Cuiz-c-hn-izm-kw, {]mtbm-KnI ]cn-Úm\w, temI-]-cn-Nbw, {] Xn-k-Ôn-Isf shÃp-hn-fn-¨v hnPbw sIm¿m-\pÅ Ignhv XpS§n X§Ä Ipªpapk-en-bm-cns\ hyXy-kvX-\m¡p¶ LS-I-§Ä \nc-h-[n. km[m-cW kvIqÄ hnZym-`ymkw am{Xw ssIh-cn-¨n-«pÅ apk-en-bmÀ kÀÆ hnÚm\¯nsâ Dd-hnSw IqSn-bm-Wv. X§-fpsS hyh-kmb ^mIvS-dn-I-fn {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ Ht«sd bt{´m-]-I-c-W-§-fpsS D]Úm-Xmhv IqSn-bmWv At±-lw. At±-l-¯nsâ imkv{Xo-b-amb Nn´m-K-Xnbpw ZoÀL-ho-£-Whpw D]-tbm-Kn¨v cq]-s¸-Sp-¯nb ] e bt{´m-]-I-c-W-§fpw C¶s¯ F³Pn-\o-bÀamsct¸mepw AXn-i-b¸n-¡p¶ Xc-¯n-ep-Å-h-bm-Wv.

49


A tribute to the late bus iness leaders of Kerala

kwcw`w: ap¯qäv {Kq¸v Øm]-I³: Fw tPmÀÖv ap¯qäv

XpS¡w: 1887 {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw`n¨ ap¯qäv {Kq¸n\v ]pXnb am\-§Ä

\ÂIn [\-Imcy taJ-e-bn ià-amb km¶n-[y-am¡n-b-Xn\p ]n¶n \nÀ®mb-I-am-bXv Fw tPmÀÖv ap¯qänsâ {Im´-ZÀin-Xz-am-bn-cp-¶p. ]«mf tkh\w Ah-km-\n-¸n¨v 1951-emWv tPmÀÖv ap¯qäv _nkn-\-kn-te¡v Xncn-bp-¶-Xv. hgn-¯n-cnhv: C´y-bnse {Kma-§fnepw \K-c-§-fn-ep-ap-ff km[m-c-W¡mÀ¡v [\-Im-cy-tkh-\-§Ä Ffp¸-¯n e`y-am-¡m³ km[n-¨-XmWv tPmÀÖn-sâ hnP-b-¯n\v ]n¶nse {] [m\ LS-Iw. kzÀ® D]-t`m-K-¯n Gsd ap¶n \n¡p¶ C´y-bn aªtem-l-¯nsâ km[y-X-IÄ 73 hÀj§Ä¡v apt¼ Xncn-¨-dnªv kzÀ® hmbv] F¶ Bibw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m³ km[n-¨Xv {Kq¸nsâ hfÀ¨-bn \nÀ®m-b-I-am-bn. cmPy-¯nsâ km¼-¯nI taJ-ebn {it²-b-amb t\«§Ä ssIh-cn¨v tIc-f-¯nsâ _m¦v CXc [\-Imcy cwK¯v X\-Xmb ]mX sh«n-¯p-d¶ ap¯qäv {Kq¸v 16 _nkn-\kv Unhn-j\p-Ifpw \mem-bnc¯ne-[nIw {_m©pI-fpw ap¸-Xn-\m-bnc¯ne-[nIw Poh-\¡m-cp-ambn C´y apgp-h\pw km¶n[yw Adn-bn¨p Ign-ªp. B[p-\nI temI-¯nsâ Bh-iy§Ä I≠dnª ap¯q-äv {Kq¸nsâ \oXn t_m[-t¯mSpw kXy-k-Ô-Xtbm-

kwcw`w: ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v Øm]-I³: ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³

Spw Iq-Snbpff {]hÀ¯-\-ssi-en- e£I-W-¡n\v D]-t`m-àm-¡-sf BIÀjn¨p. A©v an\n-«n-\p-f-fn kzÀWhmbv] e`y-am-¡p-sa¶ ap¯q-änsâ Bibw D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä hfsc s]s«-¶m-bncp¶p kzoI-cn-¨-Xv. C´ybv¡v ]pdsa bpFkvF, bpsI, bpFC F¶n-hn-S-§-fnepw ap¯qäv {Kq¸v {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. sFSn, BtcmKyw, hnZym-`ym-kw, DuÀÖ taJe, C³{^m-kv{S-IvNÀ, tlm«Âkv Bâ v dntkmÀ«vkv XpS-§nb taJ-e-Ifnepw ap¯qäv {Kq¸v km¶n[yw Adn-bn¨p-I-gn-ªp. 2013 km¼-¯nI hÀjs¯ BZys¯ 6 amks¯ {Kq¸nsâ sam¯w hcp-am-\w 2610 tImSn cq]bm-Wv. kwØm\ JP-\m-hn-te¡v 600 tImSn cq]-bpsS \nIp-Xn-bmWv hÀjw tXmdpw {Kq¸v AS-bv¡p-¶-Xv. khn-ti-j-X-IÄ: hnizm-ky-X, aqeyw, k·mÀKn-IX, Zb, kpXm-cy-X, B{i-b-Xzw, kXy-k-ÔX F¶o aqey§-fn-e-[n-jvTn-X-amb {]hÀ¯-\-amWv Pohn-X-¯nepw _nkn-\knepw Fw tPmÀÖv ap¯q-äv DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn¨Xv. ""Ip«n-¡mew sXm«p Xs¶ ]nXm-hn-sâ IrXy-\n-jvT, A\p-I¼, ssZh-hn-izmkw, efn-X-amb Pohn-X-ssien XpS§nb \à KpW-§Ä I≠mWv hfÀ¶Xv. AXn-\m Xs¶ _nkn-\knepw Pohn-X-¯nepw hf-sc-tbsd apt¶dm³ Ah klm-b-I-am-bn-«p≠v,''ap¯qäv {Kq¸v sNbÀam-\mb aI³ Fw Pn tPmÀÖv ap¯q-änsâ hm¡p-IÄ.

XpS¡w: 125 hÀjs¯ ]mc-¼-cyapÅ _m¦v CXc [\-Im-cy-Øm-]-\-

§-fpsS AXn-Im-b-I-³-am-cmb ap¯qäv {Kq¸n\v XpS¡w Ipdn-¨Xv 1887  ap¯qäv ss\\m³ a��mbn F¶ hyh-kmbn BWv. ]n¶oSv aI³ ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ F¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ amXyp Fw tXmak,v 1979  ap¯qäv _mt¦gvkv F¶ Øm]-\-¯n\v Xncp-h\´]pcw ]p¶-³tdmUn XpS¡w Ipdn-¨p. tImg-t©-cn¡p ]pd¯v ap¯q-än\v Hcp {_m©v F¶ Bibambn-cp¶p CXneqsS ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ \S-¸m-¡n-bXv. Bcw`-¯n 6 Poh-\-¡m-cpambn sNdnb coXn-bn Nn«n _nkn-\-kn\v XpS-¡-an« ]m¸-¨³, Xsâ Nn«-tbmSp IqSnb {] hÀ¯-\hpw ITn-\m-[zm-\hpw ssIap-Xem¡n, _m¦v CXc [\-Imcy taJ-ebn h³ amäamWv krjvSn-¨Xv. {]Xn-k-ÔnIsf kss[cyw t\cn-Sm-\p-ff Ignhpw ssZh-¯n-ep-ff ASn-bp-d¨ hnizm-k-hp-amWv ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨-s\¶ hyh-km-bnsb Db-c-§Ä Iog-S-¡m³ {]m]vX-\m-¡n-b-Xv. hgn-¯n-cnhv: 1987 kzImcy [\-Imcy Øm]-\-§Ä ]eXpw XIÀ¶-t¸mgpw ap¯qän\v ]nSn-¨p-\n¡m-\m-bXv P\§Ä {Kq¸n-eÀ¸n¨ hnizm-khpw Øm]I³ ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨sâ a\x-km-¶n-[yhpw sIm-≠m-bn-cp-¶p. tIc-f-¯nsâ km¼-¯nI taJ-ebnse ]cn-hÀ¯-\-§-fn Hcp kp{][m\ ]¦p-h-ln-¡m³ ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸n\v Ign-ªp. km[m-cW P\-§-fpsS sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb k¼m-Zy-§Ä

XpS¡w: 18-þmw hb-Ên tImg-t©cn-bn ]e-N-c¡p I¨-h-S-¯n-eqsSbmWv

ap¯qäv sIm¨p-®q®n F¶ Fw amXyp ap¯qäv _nkn-\kv temI-s¯-¯p-¶-Xv. a«m-t©-cn-bnÂ\n¶v tImg-t©cn A§m-Snbn-te¡v ]e-N-c-¡p-IÄ sIm≠p-h¶v _n kn-\kv XpS-§nb amXyp \S¶p Ib-dn-bXv hnP-b-¯nsâ Xmfp-I-fn-te-¡m-bn-cp-¶p.

kwcw`w: ap¯qäv an\n Øm]-I³: amXyp Fw ap¯qäv

tIc-f-¯nse _m¦v CXc [\-Imcy tkh-\-cw-Ks¯ kPoh km¶n-[y-amWv ap¯qäv an\n {Kq¸v. 50

hgn-¯n-cnhv: ]e-N-c¡p sam¯ -hym-]m-

c-¯ns\m¸w Nn«n ]ncn-hn-te¡v IqSn {i² Xncn¨XmWv At±-l-¯nsâ _nkn-\kv Pohn-X-¯nse hgn-¯n-cn-hm-b-Xv. aI³ tdmbv Fw amXyp-hn-s\m¸w 1974emWv ap¯qäv an\n Nn«n ^≠n\v At±lw XpS¡w Ipdn-¡p-¶-Xv. C¶v tIc-f, Xan-gv\m-Sv, IÀ®m-S-I, B{Ô{]-tZ-iv, tKmh XpS-§nbn-S-§-fn-embn 800e[nIw {_m©p-IÄ ap¯qäv an\n¡p≠v. XpS¡w apXÂt¡ s]mXp-P-\-§Ä¡v D]-Imc{]Z-amb coXnbn \nb-a-§-f-\p-k-cn¨v ]qÀW \oXn t_m[-t¯mSpIq-Snbpff {]hÀ¯-\-ssien-bmbncp¶p amXyp ap¯qäv kzoI-cn-¨-Xv. tKmÄUv tem¬, Nn«n XpS§nb cwK-§-

kzcq-]n¨v P\-§-fpsS Xs¶ Bh-iy§Ä¡v hn\n-tbm-Kn-¨v, kXy-k-Ôhpw Imcy-£-a-X-tbm-sSbpw IqSnb {]hÀ¯\-ssien-bmWv ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨-³ {Kq¸v A\p-hÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xv.- P\-tIm-Sn-I-fp-sS hnizkhpw AwKo-Im-chpw t\Sn-sbSp¯v 20000 tImSn cq]-bpsS tS¬-Hm-hdpw 22,000 Poh-\-¡mcpambn C´y apgph³ GI-tZiw 3200 imJ-I-fp-ambn hym]n-¨pIn-S-¡p-I-bmWv ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v. km¼-¯nI taJ-e-bvs¡m¸w Hmt«m-tam«o-hv, dnb FtÌ-äv, hnt\m-Zw, tlmkv]n-äm-en-än, hn³Uv anÂ, BtcmKyw XpS§n \nc-h[n taJ-e-I-fnepw ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v ià-amb km¶n[yw Adn-bn-¨pI-gn-ªp. khn-ti-j-X-IÄ: IrXy-\n-jvT, ITn\{]b-Xv\w, kXy-kÔX, aäp-Å-htcmSv _lp-am-\-t¯mSpw kvt\l-t¯mSp-Iq-Sn-b-Xp-amb s]cp-am-äw, ]mh-s¸-«htcmSpw tcmKn-ItfmSp-ap-ff {]tXyI ]cn-K-W\ XpS-§nbh At±-l-¯nsâ khn-ti-jKp-W-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p. ISp¯ km¼-¯nI A¨-S-¡w ]peÀ¯n-bncp¶ At±lw Hmtcm cq]bv¡pw hne I¸n-¡p-¶ Xc-¯n-emWv km¼-¯nI Imcy-§-fn GÀs¸-«n-cp-¶Xv. ""]nXmhv ]IÀ¶p-X¶ _nkn-\kv ]mT-§fmWv Fsâ apt¶m-«pÅ bm{X-bn F¶pw {] tNm-Z-\-am-bn-«p-Å-Xv. Pohn-X-¯n-em-bmepw _nkn-\-kn-em-bmepw F\n¡v Ft¸mgpw Hcp amÀK-ZÀin-bmWv Fsâ ]nXmh,v'' aI\pw ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v FIvknIyq-«nhv Ub-d-IvS-dp-amb tXmakv ap¯qäv ]d-bp-¶p. fn Xe-ap-d-I-fpsS hnizmkw BÀÖn¨ ap¯qäv an\n [\-Im-cy-ta-J-e-bvs¡m¸w BtcmKyw, dnb FtÌäv, sFSn, ¹mtâj³, Sqdnkw F¶o cwK-§-fnepw kPoh-am-Wv. Imcp-Wy-{]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡mbn ap¯qäv an\n Nmcn-ä-_nÄ {SÌpw {]hÀ¯n¡p-¶p.

khn-ti-j-X-IÄ:

F{X henb {]Xn-kÔ -- n-¡v \Sp-hnepw s] s«¶v Xocp-am-\-§-sf-Sp¯v \S-¸m-¡m-\p-ff tijn, ITn\ {]b-Xv\w sNbvXv Db-cm-\pff Xm¸-cyw, DuÀÖ-kz-e-X-tbmSv IqSnb {]hÀ¯-\-ssi-en... ""_nkn-\-knsâ _me]mT-§Ä ]Tn-¡p-¶Xv ]nXm-hn \n ¶m-Wv. ]nXm-hnsâ BÀÖ-hw, anX-Xzw, IrXy-\n-jvT, A\p-I¼ XpS-§nb KpW§Ä kzPo-hn-X-¯n kzmwio-I-cn¡m³ Ign-ª-XmWv Pohn-X-¯n XpW-bm-bXv. ]nXm-hnsâ {]mtbm-KnI _p²nbn \n ¶pw A\p-`-h-]-cn-Úm\¯n \n¶pw e`n¨ DuÀÖ-amWv ap¯qäv an\n {Kq¸ns\ apt¶m«v \bn-¡m³ F\n¡v t{]c-W-bm-Ip¶-Xv,'' amXyp ap¯q-änsâ aI\pw ap¯qäv an\n {Kq¸v sNbÀam-\p-amb tdmbn Fw amXyp ]d-bp-¶p.


A tribute to the late bus iness leaders of Kerala hgn-¯n-cnhv: Hcp _nkn-\-kp-Im-c-³

kwcw`w: Cut̬ Idn-]u-UÀ Øm]-I³: Fw C aocm³

Xp S¡w: Fw ]n {_tZgvkv F¶ sNdnb Hcp tÌj-\-dn-¡S-bn \n¶m

Wv tIcfw I≠ Gähpw anI¨ kwcw-`I-cn-sem-cm-fmb Fw C aocmsâ XpS-¡w. Xsâ _nkn-\kv temIs¯ Fw]n {_tZgvknsâ \mep Npa-cp-IÄ¡p-ÅnÂ

HXp-¡m³ aocm-³ X¿m-d-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. temI-¯m-I-am\w Adn-b-s¸-Sp¶ Hcp h³ hyh-kmb kwcw-`-ambn Xsâ _nkn\-kns\ hfÀ¯n-sbSp-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p At±-l-¯nsâ e£yw. B e£yhpw ZrV-\n-Ý-b-hp-amWv Cut̬ {Kq¸nsâ ]nd-hn¡p ]n¶nÂ.

BhpI F¶Xv hfsc _p²n-apt«-dnb Ft´m Imcyw sN¿p¶Xp-t]mse-bmsW¶v Icp-Xn-bn-cp¶ Ime¯mWv Fw C aocm³ _nkn-\kv cwKt¯-¡v hcp-¶-Xv. AXn-\m ]e \ncp-Õm-l-s¸-Sp-¯-ep-Ifpw {]Xn-kÔn-Ifpw At±-l-¯n\v t\cn-tS≠n h¶p. Ah-sbÃmw AXn-Po-hn¨v _nkn\-kn\v hnP-b-¯nsâ ]Sn-IÄ Nhn-«n¡-b-dm³ At±-l-¯n\v Ign-ªXn\v ]n¶n Hcp tPXm-hnsâ AS-§m¯ A`n-\n-th-i-am-bn-cp¶p. H¶-c-e£w cq] apXÂap-S-¡n GI-tZiw 10 Poh-\-¡m-cp-am-bmWv ASn-am-en-bn At±lw Cut̬ {Kq¸n\v XpS¡w Ipdn-¡p-¶-Xv. C¶v 480 tImSn cq]-bpsS BkvXnbpw 3500e[nIw Poh-\-¡m-cpambn Cut̬ {Kq¸v Idn-]uUÀ D¸-¶-§-fpsS hn]-Wn-bn C´ybnse \¼À h¬ I¼-\nIfn-sem-¶mbn amdn. hyXy-kvXhpw cpNn-t`-Z-hp-amb Idn-¡q-«p-IÄ sIm≠v cpNn-bpsS Ie-hd XoÀ¯ Cut̬ C¶v ae-bm-fn-bpsS \nXy-Po-hn-X-¯n Hgn¨p IqSm-\m-hm¯ {_m³Umbn amdnbn-cn-¡p-¶p. bpF-kv, bqtdm-¸v, B{^n¡, anUnÂ-CuÌv XpS-§n- ae-bm-fn-IÄ

IqSp-X-epÅ cmPy-§-fn-te-s¡Ãmw Cut̬ {Kq¸v D¸-¶-§Ä Ib-äp-aXn- sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶p. khn-ti-j-X-IÄ: ZrV-\n-Ýbw, {]m-tbmKn-I ho-£Ww, IrXy-\n-jvT, Xocp-am-\-§Ä hfsc thK-¯n ssIs¡m-Åp-¶-Xn-\pÅ Ign-hv, e£yw ImWpwhsc {]b-Xv\n-¡m-\pÅ a\Øn-Xn,- e-fn-X-amb coXn-bn-epÅ PohnX-ssien, F´p Imcyw sN¿p-¶-Xn\p ap¼pw Ahsb¡pdn-¨v hf-sc hyàambn a\-kn-em¡n {]hÀ¯n-¡m-\p Å Ign-hv... XpS§n khn-ti-j-X-IÄ A\-h-[n. ""Fs¶ Hcp bYmÀ° _nkn-\-kpIm-c-\m¡n amän-b-Xn Fsâ ]n Xm-hnsâ ]¦v hfsc hep-Xm-Wv. sXäp sNbvXm Ah Xncp¯n sXän-eqsS icnsb Is≠¯m-\pÅ Ah-kcw X¶p. Nne _nkn-\kv Imcy-§-fn kzX-{´-ambn Nn´n¡m\pw Xocp-am\w ssIs¡mÅp-¶-Xn-\p-apÅ A\p-hmZw D≠m-bn-cp-¶p. At±-l-¯nsâ _nkn-\ kv Pohn-X-¯n \n¶pw ]IÀ¯n-sb-Sp¡m-hp¶ KpW-§Ä \nc-h-[n,'' Fw C aocmsâ aI\pw Cut̬ {Kq¸v amt\PnwKv Ub-d-IvS-dp-amb \hmkv aocm³ ]d-bp-¶p.

51


C³Ukv{Sn t^m¡kv

{]Xo£bpsS A-ta-cn-¡³ `-c-W- kn-cm-tI-{µamb ssh-äv lu-knepw {_o-«o-jv cmÚn-bp-sS s_-¡nw-Kvlmw sIm-«m-c-¯nepw B-Uw-_c-¯n-sâ A-h-km-\-hm-¡m-bn X-e-bp-bÀ-¯n-\nÂ-¡m³ I-®qÀ ssI-¯-dn-bv-¡v I-gn-ªn-«p-s≠¶v -Ncn{Xw km-£y-s¸-Sp¯p¶p. F-¶m C-sXm-s¡ H-cp ]-g-¦-Y-bm-bn am-dp-¶ X-c-¯n-te-bv-¡v ssI-¯-dn-ta-J-e {]-Xnk-Ôn t\-cn«p-sIm-≠n-cn¡p-I-bmWv. A-h ]-cn-l-cn-¡m-\p-Å km-[y-X-I-fn-eq-sS F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f- \-S-¯p¶ H-cp A-t\zj-Ww...

¨ {]-Nm-c-ap-≠m-bn-cp-¶-Xn-\m h³ HmÀ-U-dp-I-fm-Wv A-¡m-e¯v I-®qÀ lm³-Uveqw ta-J-e-bv¡v e`n-¨n-cp¶Xv. A-Xn-\m X-s¶ I®q-cnse ssI¯dn DÂ-¸-¶ \nÀ-am-W-hpw I-b-äp-a-Xn-bpw kw-Øm-\-¯n-sâ km¼¯n-I ta-J-e-bn \nÀ-Wm-bI kzm-[o\w sN-ep-¯n. C-¡m-e-§-fn I-®qÀ PnÃ-bn \n-¶v am-{Xw 350 tImSn-bn¸cw cq-]-bp-sS ssI¯-dn Xp-Wn-¯-c-§-fm-Wv hntZ-i cm-Py§-fn-te-¡v Ib-än A-b-¨n-cp-¶Xv. ssI¯dn hy-h-km-b-¯n I-®qÀ PnÃ-bn-se sXm-gn-em-fn-Ifp-sS ssh-ZKv[yhpw Xp-Wn DÂ-¸m-Zn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xnse Iem-ssh-`-hhpw ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯nbXv Iq-Sn-bm-bn-cp-¶p tem-I-amÀ-¡-än I-®qÀ ssI-¯-dn-¡v {]n-btadn-b-Xn\v ImcWw. aq-¶v e-£-¯n-e-[n-Iw sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ Cu Im-e-b-f-hn ssI¯-dn ta-J-e-bn Pohn-X amÀ-Kw Is≠-¯nbncp¶p.

kpPojv sI Fkv

H

cp kw-Øm-\-t¯tbm PnÃ-tbtbm tZio-bþA´À-t±io-b X-e-¯n A-S-bmfs¸-Sp¯p-¶-Xn Ahn-Sps¯ X\-Xv kw-kv-Im-c-¯n-sâ {]-tXy-IX-Itfm `q-{]-IrXntbm A-sÃ-¦n G-sX-¦nep-sam-cp hn-ti-js¸-« DÂ-¸¶-tam Im-c-W-am-Im-w. A-¯-c-¯n H-¶m-Wv I-®qcn-sâ kz-´w ssI¯dn. kmw-kv-ImcnI ss]-Xr-I¯n-\v G-sd t]-cp tI« I-®q-cn-\v tem-I-hym-]-I-am-bn t]-cv t\-Sn-s¡m-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn- ap-Jy-]-¦mWvv I-®qÀ ssI¯-dn- hln-¨Xv. DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ Kp-W-ta-·-bpw an-Ihpw Nm-cp-X-bpw sXm-gn ta-J-e-bn ]m-c-¼-cy-am-bn ssIamdn h¶ ssh-Z-Kv-[yhpsaÃmw I-®qÀ ssI-¯-dn-sb tem-I-cm-{ã-§Ä-¡n-S-bn H-gn-¨p Iq-Sm-\m-Im-¯ L-S-Iam-¡n am-äp-¶-Xn \nÀ-Wm-b-I-am-bn. tem-I-A-[n-Im-c¯n-sâ tI-{µ-_n-µp-hm-bn hm-gv-¯-s¸-Sp-¶ A-ta-cn-¡³ `-c-W-kn-cm-tI-{µamb ssh-äv lu-knepw {_o-«o-jv cm-Ún-bp-sS s_-¡nw-Kvlmw sIm-«m-c-¯nepw B-Uw-_c-¯n-sâ A-h-km-\-hm-¡m-bn X-e-bp-bÀ-¯n-\nÂ-¡m³ I-®qÀ ssI-¯-dn-bv-¡v I-gn-ªn-«p-s≠-¶v -Ncn{Xw km-£y-s¸-Sp-¯p¶p. F-¶m C-sXm-s¡ H-cp ]-g-¦-Ybm-bn am-dp-¶ X-c-¯n ssI-¯-dn-ta-J-e {]-Xnk-Ôn t\-cn«p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. sXmgn-em-fn-I-fp-sS sImgnªp-t]m-¡pw ap-Jw Xn-cn-ªv \nÂ-¡p¶ ]p-Xp-X-e-apd-bpw A-kw-kvIrX h-kv-Xp-¡-fp-sS ZuÀe-`y-hp-saÃmw ssI¯-dn hy-h-km-b-¯n-sâ A-Sn-th-cn-f-¡p¶p. ]-c-¼cm-K-X-ambn Cu cw-K-¯p-Å s\-bv-¯p-Im-cn-eq-sS am{Xw H-gp-Ip¶ tXm-Wn-bm-bn I-®qÀ ssI¯-dn amdn. A-h-cpsS- IqSn Im-ew I-gn-ªm Xp-g-sb-dn-bm-\m-fnÃmsX Hmf-¸-c-¸n H-fn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶ I-b-§-fn- ap-§n-¯m-gv¶v A-Ime N-caw {]m-]n-¡m-\m-bn-cn¡pw I-®qÀ ssI-¯-dnbp-sS hn[n.

ssI-¯-dn-bpsS kp-hÀ-W-Imew; I-®q-cn-sâbpw H-cp Ime-¯v C-´y-bn Ir-jn I-gn-ªm Gähpw Iq-Sp-X sXm-gn \Â-Ip-¶ ta-J-e-bm-bn-cp-¶p ssI¯-dn. 2005se kÀ¡mÀ IW-¡p {]-Im-cw 200 e-£w B-fp-IÄ Cu ta-J-e-bn sXm-gn sN-bv-Xv Pohn-XamÀ-Kw I-s≠-¯n-bn-cp¶p. ssI¯-dn hy-h-kmb-¯n tI-c-f-¯n-sâ Øm-\w G-gm-a-XmWv. F-¶m jÀ-«nw-Kv, km-cn-IÄ, tZm¯n, s_-Uv-jo-äv, ^À-Wn-jnwKv, IÀ-«³kv, Su-Æ F-¶o {]m-tZin-I ssI¯-dn {_m³Uv DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS Kp-W-ta-·-bn-epw A-h-bpsS- I-b-äp-aXn-bnepw {]-Y-a Øm-\w I-®q-cn-\m-Wv. 1975 ap-X 1990 h-sc-bp-Å Im-eL-«w I-®qÀ ssI-¯-dn-sb kw-_-Ôn¨v kphÀ-® Im-eam-bn-cp¶p. ssI-¯-dn-bn t{I-¸v F-¶ sa-äo-cn-b- h-¶-t¸mÄ A-Xv ssI¯-dn {Km-a-§Ä¡v am-{X-aà a-äv ta-J-e-I-fn-te¡pw Iq-Sn Kp-W-I-c-am-bn. Iq-Sp-XÂ-t]À Cu sXm-gnÂ-cw-K-t¯-¡v I-S-¶p-h¶p. Ata-cn-¡³, bq-tdm-]y³ cm-Py-§-fn ssI-¯-dn-¡v h-¼n-

52

hy-h-km-bw X-IÀ-¨-bn N-cn-{X¯nte¡v It®m-Sn-¡p-t¼mÄ...

ssI

¯-dn s\-bv-¯n-s\ A-Sn-Øm-\-am-¡nbpÅ sXm-gn k-aq-lw hS-t¡ a-e-_m-dnÂ, A-Xmb-Xv C¶-s¯ I-®q-cnÂ, cq-]-s¸-Sp¶-Xv GItZ-iw 800 hÀ-j-§Ä-¡v ap¼m-sW-¶v N-cn-{X-Imc³-amÀ A-\p-am-\n-¡p-¶p. tIm-e-¯p-\mSv, G-gn-a-e tI-{µ-am-bp-Å aq-jn-Ihw-i cm-Pm-¡³-am-cmWv ssI¯-dn s\-bv-¯p sXm-gn Xp-S-§n-sh-¨Xv. C-Xv ]n-¶o-Sv tXmÀ¯v, I-¨-ap≠v, ]-Wn-ap-≠v Xp-S§n-b-h-bp-sS DÂ-¸m-Z-\-¯n-te-¡v F-¯-n. F.Un. 1700þ1800 Im-e-L-«-¯n hntZ-i an-jW-dn-am-cp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\ ^-e-am-bn ssI¯-dn sXm-gn-en s{^-bnweqw kw-hn-[m-\w h-cp-Ibpw Xp-SÀ-¶v jÀ«v, tZm¯n, Xp-S-§n-b- DÂ-¸-¶-§-fpsS \nÀ-am-W-¯n-te-¡p Iq-Sn cwKw h-f-cp-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp. I-gn-ª \q-äm-t≠m-Sp-Iq-Sn \-thm°m-\ {]-Øm-\-¯n-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\ ^-e-am-bn km-ap-Zmbn-I thÀ-Xn-cn-hn-s\ a-dn-I-S¶p-sIm-≠v ssI¯-dn s\-bv-¯v H-cp ]-c-¼-cm-K-X hy-h-km-b-am-bn ^mÎdn A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n hn-I-kn-¸n-¨p h-¶p. klI-cW kw-L-§fp-sS cq-]o-I-c-W-t¯m-sS k-aq-l-¯nse ssh-hn-[y-amÀ-¶ h-kv-{X B-h-iy-§Ä \nÀ-h-ln-¡p-¶ {]-[m-\-s¸-« sXm-gn ta-J-e-bm-bn ssI¯-dn hy-h-km-bw amdn. C-¶v I-®qÀ PnÃ-bnse 35 ]-©mb-¯pI-fn ssI¯-dn hy-h-km-bw \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶p. tem-I-\n-e-hm-c-¯n Pn-tbm{K-^n-¡Â C³-Un-t¡-j³ e`n¨ DÂ-¸-¶-amWv I-®qÀ ^À-Wn-jnw-Kp-IÄ-. ep-¦n, ap-≠v, jÀ-«v, km-cnIÄ, S-Æ-ep-IÄ, s_-Uv-jo-äp-IÄ Xp-S-§n-b-hbm-Wv a-äp {][m-\ DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä.

I-®q-cn-sâ {][m-\ ]-c-¼-cm-K-X hy-h-km-b-§-fmWv _o-Un, ss¹-hp-Uv, ssI¯-dn F-¶n-h-. _o-Un hy-h-kmbw Gsd-¡psd CÃm-Xm-sb¶v ]-d-bmw. ti-jn-¡p¶-Xv ssI¯-dn, ss¹-hp-Uv hy-h-km-b-§fmWv. C-hn-sS D¸m-Zn-¸n-¡-p-¶-Xn-t\-¡mÄ Ip-d-ª hn-e-bv-¡v Xm-b-ve³ân \n¶pw _À-a-bn \n-¶p-ambn ss¹hp-Uv F-¯m³ Xp-S-§n-b-tXm-sS ss¹-hp-Uv hy-h-km-bhpw XfÀ¶ a-«m-Wv. sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS sIm-gnªp-t]m¡pw bp-h-Xe-apd ap-Jw Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xpw A-kw-kvIr-X h-kv-Xp-¡-fpsS hn-e-¡-b-ä-hp-saÃmw ssI¯-dn hy-h-kmb-s¯bpw _m[n-¡p¶p. H-cp Ime-¯v aq-¶v e-£-¯n-e-[n-Iw sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp≠mbncp¶ Øm\-¯v ]-Xn-\m-bn-c¯n Ipd-hv sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ am-{X-am-Wv Ct¸mgpÅXv. ]-c¼-cm-KX sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS sIm-gn-ªp-t]m¡n-s\m¸w bp-h-X-eap-d Cu cw-K-t¯-¡v IS-¶p h-cm-¯-Xn-\v {][m-\ Imc-Ww Cu hy-h-km-b-¯n C-¶ph-sc H-cp th-X-\ \-bw CÃm¯-Xm-Wv. H-cmÄ F-{X ao-äÀ s\-¿p¶p F-¶-Xn-\-\p-k-cn-¨m-Wv thX-\w \n-Ý-bn-¡p-¶Xv. A-Xp-{]-Im-cw H-cp Znh-kw Iq-Sn-h-¶m At©m Btdm ao-äÀ s\-¿p¶ sXm-gn-em-fn-¡v e-`n-¡p-¶-Xv 200þ250 cq-] am-{X-am-Wv. A-Xn-\m tZ-io-bm-Sn-Øm-\-¯n H-cp th-X-\\-bw sIm-≠ph-t¶ Xo-cq. sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS sIm-gnªp-t]m-¡n-t\msSm¸w Xs¶ ]-hÀ-eq-an \n-¶v I-Sp-¯ a-Õ-chpw ta-J-e t\cnSp-¶p. ssI-¯-dn-Xp-Wn amÀ-¡-än b-{´-¯-dn-I-fn D-≠m-¡p-¶ Xp-Wn-IÄ Ib-än A-b-¡p-¶Xpw A-Xn-eq-sS ssI-¯-dn-bn DÂ-¸mZn-¸n-¡p-¶ FÃm Un-ssk-\p-Ifpw IS-¶p t]m-Ip-¶Xpw hy-h-kmb-s¯ Im-cyam-b co-Xn-bn _m-[n-¡p-¶p-≠v. 1985se sS-Iv-kv-ssä t]m-fn-kn {]-Im-cw ]-hÀeqw ta-J-e-bp-sS IS-¶p I-b-ä-¯n \n-¶v ssI-¯-dn-sb c-£n-¡p-¶-Xn-\v 22 C-\w Un-ssk-\p-IÄ ssI-¯-dn-¡p th-≠n am-än sh-¨ncp¶p. ]n-¶o-Sn-Xv ]Xn-s\m-¶m-¡n Np-cp-¡n. Un-ssk-\p-IÄ ]-g-b co-Xn-bn ssI-¯-dn-¡p th-≠n \n-e-\nÀ-¯n ]-hÀ-eq-an \n-¶v c-£n-¡m-\p-Å


\o-¡w F-§p-sa-¯nbn-«nÃ. H-cp b-{´¯-dn {]-hÀ-¯n¡p-t¼mÄ B-dv ssI¯-dn \n-Ý-e-am-Ip-Ibpw H-cp U-k³ sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ-¡v sXm-gn \-ã-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶p-≠v. CXp-sIm≠v am{Xw ssI-¯-dn-bp-sS Ibäp-a-Xn-bn 40 i-X-am-\w C-Sn-hm-Wv tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cn¡p-¶-Xv.

A-kw-kvIr-X h-kv-Xp-¡-fp-sS hn-e-¡-b-ä-hpw ZuÀ-e-`y-hpw sXm-gn ta-J-e-bn \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶ {]-Xnk-Ôn t]m-seX-s¶ \nÀ-Wm-b-I-am-Wv ssI¯-dn hy-h-km-b¯n-\v B-h-iyam-b A-kw-kvIrX h-kv-Xp-¡-fp-sS hn-e¡-b-ä-hpw A-h-bpsS ZuÀ-e-`y-hpw. ssI¯-dn hy-h-kmb-¯n-\m-h-iy-am-b A-kw-kvIr-X h-kv-Xp-¡Ä \n À-an-¡p-¶ \m-ev anÃp-IÄ I-®q-cnep≠mbn-cp-s¶-¦nepw C-t¸mÄ {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶Xv Hsc®w am{Xw. A-Xm-sW¦n I-®q-cn-se ssI¯dn taJ-ebv¡v B-h-iy-apÅ ssI-\q D-≠m-¡p-¶panÃ. tIm¬ \q-ev am-{X-am-Wv D-≠m-¡p-¶Xv. Ch t_mw-s_-bn-te¡pw aäpw A-b-¡pI-bm-Wv sN-¿p-¶-Xv. I-®q-cn-te-¡v B-h-iyam-b \n-ÀamW h-kv-Xp-¡Ä h-cp¶-Xv C-t¸mÄ X-an-gv-\m-«n \n-¶mWv. F-¶m A-hn-sS-bpÅ ssh-Zyp-Xn \n-b-{´-Ww \q-en-sâ \nÀamW-s¯ _m-[n-¡p-Ibpw hne\n-c-¡n D-bÀ-¨-bp-≠m¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶p-≠v. \ym-b hn-e-bv-¡v Kp-W-\n-e-hmc-ap-Å \q ssI¯-dn ta-J-e-bn e-`y-am-¡p-I-bm-Wv kÀ-¡mÀ DS³ sN-t¿-≠-Xv. ]-cp-¯n I-b-äpa-Xn \n-b{´n-¨v \q DÂ-¸mZ-\w Iq-«n ssI¯-dn hy-h-km-bw \-S-¯p-¶-hÀ-¡v \ym-b-hn-e-bv-¡v e-`y-am-¡n-bm-te tem-I hn-]-Wn-bn ssI-¯-dn-¡v \-ne-\nÂ-¸pÅp. I-gn-ª _-P-än ]-c-¼-cm-KX ssI¯-dn ta-Je -- -bp-sS hn-I-k-\¯n-\v 76.76 tIm-Sn cq-] h-I-bn-cp-¯n-b-Xv {]-Xo-£-bv-¡v h-I \Â-Ip-¶p. Iq-Sm-sX ssI¯-dn DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS hn-]-W-\-¯n-\v 50 e-£w cq-]bpw \o-¡n-sh-¨n-«p-≠v. ssI¯-dn h-kv-Xp-¡-fp-sS {]-ZÀ-i-\þhn-]-W-\-¯n-\v Ago-t¡m-Sv tI-{µo-I-cn-¨v ssI¯-dn hn-tÃ-Pv F-¶ ]-²-Xn¡pÅ kÀ¡mÀ Xocp-am-\hpw ssI¯-dn¡v KpW-I-c-amIp-sa¶v {]Xo-£n-¡mw.

]pXn-b X-eap-d-bnÂ-s¸« Bcpw ssI¯dn ta-J-e-bn-

te-¡v IS-¶p h-cm-¯-Xv henb shÃp-hn-fn-bmWv. 45þ55 h-b-kp-Å-hÀ am-{X-am-Wv B-sI A-h-ti-jn-¡p-¶Xv. A-h-cp-sS Im-ew Iq-Sn I-gn-ªm ]n-s¶ ssI¯-dn hyh-km-bw A\yw\n¶p-t]m-Ip-¶ A-h-Ø-bnemWv. thX\w Ip-d-hm-b-Xn-\m-epw s\-bv-¯v tPm-en Ip-d-¨n-em-bn Im-Wp-¶-Xn-epamWv ]-e-cpw CXv Xnc-sª-Sp-¡m-¯Xv. ssI-¯-dnsb Im¯n-cn-¡p-¶Xv Nn-e-t¸mÄ _o-Un hy-hkm-b-¯n-sâ K-Xn-tI-Sv X-s¶-bm-bn-cn-¡pw. ssI-¯-dnsb b-{´-h-¡-cn-¡p¶Xv am{X-amWv ] cn-lmcw. A-Xp-Iq-SmsX ssI-¯-dn DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä-¡v th-≠n Øn-cw {]ZÀ-i-\ im-e-bpw Iq-Sp-X hn]-Wn I-s≠-¯p-¶-Xn-\mbn _-tb-gv-kv sktÃ-gv-kv ao-äv \-S-¯m-\p-Å {i-a-§fpw kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ `mK-¯p \n¶p-≠m-IWw. a-tl-jvN-{µ _m-en-K {]kn-Uâ v, bm¬ aÀ¨â vkv Atkmkntb-j³

lm³-Uveqw sS-Iv-ssÌ ta-J-e-bn B-h-iy-am-bn-«p-

Å FÃm ]²-Xn-Ifpw km-[y-am-¡p-¶ tI-c-f kÀ-¡m-cn sâ t\m-U G-P³-kn-bm-b R-§Ä ssI-¯-dn-sb \ho-I-cn-¡p-I-sb-¶ Zu-Xy-am-Wv G-sä-Sp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. A-Xn-\v aq-eyhÀ²n-X DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä¡v {]m[m\yw \ In-bp-ff {]hÀ¯-\-§-fmWv \S-¯p-¶Xv. sU-h-e-]v saâ v Hm-^v do-P-W {_m³Uvv C³ lm³-Uveqw C³-Ukv-{Sn t{]m-PÎmWv CXn {][m\w. ssI¯-dn hy-hkm-bw G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X tI-{µo-Ir-Xam-b Ø-ehpw AXm-Xv Ø-e-s¯ DÂ-¸-¶-§-f-p-sS {]-tXy-I-X-Ifpw I-W-¡n-se-Sp-¯v B-dv {]m-tZin-I ta-J-e-I-fm-¡n Xn-cn¨v ssI¯-dn DÂ-¸-¶§-sf D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-Ibpw hn]-W\w hÀ[n-¸n-¡p-I-bp-amWv e£yw. A-ÐpÄ Icow tN-tecn F-Iv-kn-Iyq-«o-hv U-b-d-ÎÀ, C-´y³ C³-kv-än-äyq«v Hm-^v lm³-Uveqw sSIv-t\m-fPn, I-®qÀ

H-cp Xp-¶Â sXm-gn-em-fn-¡v C¶vv In-«p-¶ thX-\w

sIm-≠v Po-hn¡p-I {]-bm-k-amWv. A-tXka-bw A-h-cpsS DÂ-¸m-Z-\£-a-X Ip-d-hm-b-Xn-\m Iq-Sp-X thX\w \Â-In \n-e-\nÀ-¯p-I-sb-¶Xpw \S-¡nÃ. ssN-\, _w-¥m-tZ-iv F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn \n-¶v h-f-sc-tb-sd a-Õ-cw Cu ta-J-e t\-cnSp-¶p-≠v. 90 Zn-h-k-t¯-¡m-Wv Hcp HmÀ-UÀ e-`n-¡p¶-X.v A-Xn-\p-Ån D¸-¶w Xn-c-sªSp¯v sS-Ìnw-Kv \-S-¯n s\-bv-sX-Sp-¯v Nm-bw ap¡n, ]mbv-¡v sN-bvXv jn-¸n I-b-äWw. sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ CÃm-¯-Xn-\m \nÝn-X k-a-b-¯n\p-Ån HmÀ-UÀ sNbv-X DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä- Ib-än hn-Sm³ ]-e-t¸mgpw km-[n-¡m-dnÃ. CXn\v A©pw ]¯pw iX-am-\w ]n-g \Â-tI-≠n h-cm-dp-≠v. I-®qÀ hn-am-\-¯mh-fw bm-YmÀ°y-am-Ip-¶-tXm-sS I-b-äp-a-Xn-bn sNdn-b H-cp am-äw h-cp-sa-¶Ãm-sX Im-cyam-b t\-«-sam¶pw D-≠m-Im³ t]m-Ip-¶nÃ. cRvPn-¯v Ip-amÀ Fw ]n

¯m X-s¶ Hcn-¡epw Cu ta-J-e-bn Øn-c th-X-\ \nc-¡v sIm-≠p h-cm³ km-[n-¡nÃ. a-tl-i³ F³, am-t\PÀ, Imªn-tcm-Sv ho-th-gv-kv tImþHm-

¸-td-äo-hv ]n B³-Uv F-kv skm-ssk-än en-anä-Uv

tImþHm-¸-td-äo-hv skm-ssk-än-I-fn-em-Wv C-t¸mÄ IqSp-X-em-bn«pw sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ D-ÅXv. A-Xn-\m X-s¶ R-§Ä DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä \nÀ-an-¡p¶-Xv tImþHm-¸-td-äo-hv skm-ssk-än-I-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. t\c-s¯ ssI-¯-dn-¡p≠m-bn-cp-¶ Izm-« k-{¼-Zm-bw C-t¸m-gnÃ. Hm-¸¬ amÀ¡-äm-Wv C-t¸m-gp-ÅXv. bq-tdm-¸v, A-ta-cn-¡ Xp-S-§n-bnS-§-fn-se km-¼¯n-I {]-Xnk-Ôn Imc-Ww A-hÀ \-t½m-Sv Iq-Sp-X Un-kv-Iu-≠v B-h-iy-s¸-SpIbmWv. C-hn-sS-bm-sW-¦n DÂ-¸m-Z-\ sNehv Iq-Sn-h-cp-I-bpw sN-¿p-¶-p. C\nsbmcp HmÀUÀ In-«n-bm¯-s¶ k-a-b-¯n-\v sIm-Sp-¡m³ ]-äm-¯ A-h-Ø-bmWv. P-b-Ip-amÀ, F-Iv-kn-Iyq-«ohvv ]mÀ-SvWÀ ln-µp-Øm³ sS-Iv-ssÌÂ-kv

I

-®qÀ ssI-¯dn-tbm-Sp-Å kv-t\-lw sIm≠à hn-tZin-IÄ \-½p-sS D¸-¶w hm-§n-bn-cp-¶-Xv. A-h-cp-sS cm-Py-¯v ssI-¯-dn-¡v \Â-In-bn-cp-¶ C-d-¡pa-Xn C-f-hpI-fm-bn-cp-¶p {][m-\ Im-cWw. C-d-¡pa-Xn Xocp-h-bn A-h-cp-sS cm-Py-§fn e-`n-¨n-cp-¶ C-f-hp-IÄ 2004 Unkw-_À 31 \v A-h-km-\n-¨p. A-tXm-sS A-hÀ C-d-¡p-aXn-bn Ipd-hp h-cp-¯nbXv ssI-¯-dn-sb {]-Xn-k-Ônbn-em¡n. I-®q-cn-se I-b-äp-a-Xn-bn C-t¸mÄ 40 i-X-am-\-¯n-sâ C-Sn-hmWv kw-`-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. 350 tIm-Sn cq-]-tbm-f-ap-≠m-bn-cp-¶ I-b-äpaXn C-t¸mÄ 200 tIm-Sn cq-] am-{X-am-bn HXp-§n \nÂ-¡p-I-bmWv. kn P-b-N-{µ³, {]-kn-Uâ v, tI-c-f sS-Iv-kv-ssä F-Ivkv-t]mÀ«v HmÀ-K-ss\-tkj³

am-t\-Pnw-Kv ]mÀ-SvWÀ, Im-\-¶qÀ lm³-Uveqw F-Ivkv-t]mÀ-Svkv

C¶v lm³-Uv-eq-sa-¶v ]-d-ªv I-®q-cn \n-¶v I-

b-äpa-Xn sN-¿p-¶-Xn `q-cn-`m-Khpw ]-hÀ-eq-w DÂ-¸¶-§-fm-Wv. s^-Ìn-h ko-k-Wp-I-fn am-{X-amWv ssI-¯-dn DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä¡v h³ Un-amâ v e-`n-¡p-¶Xv. skmsskän-bp-sS Ìm-fp-I-fn-eq-sS-bp-Å hnÂ-¸-\-bn 20 i-X-am-\w dn-t_-äv \Â-Ip-¶p-≠v. F-¶m C-Xnsâ doCw-t_-gv-kv-saâ v ]-e-t¸mgpw sshIn-bm-Wv kÀ-¡m-cn \n-¶v In-«p¶Xv. ssI¯-dn ta-J-e-bn kÀ¡mÀ \Â-Ip-¶ dn-t_-äv Ir-Xy-am-bn \Â-Ip-I-bm-sW-¦n tam-i-aÃm-¯ co-Xn-bn ssI¯-dn hy-h-kmb-s¯ sIm-≠p t]m-Im³ km-[n-¡pw. 80 iX-am-\hpw kv-{Xo-I-fm-Wv ta-J-e-bn Ct¸mÄ sXm-gn-se-Sp-¡p-¶-Xv. A-hÀ CXv sk-¡³-Uv a-Wn F-¶ \n-e-bn am-{X-am-Wv Im-Wp-¶Xv. C-¡m-c-W-

53


tIc-f-¯n-sâ ]n-¶m-¡w \nÂ-¡p-¶ PnÃ-Ifn-sem¶m-b h-b-\m-Sn-\v F-¶pw A-h-K-W-\-bp-sS I-bv-]p-\oÀ \p-W-bm³ am-{X-am-Wv hn-[n. I-gn-ª ]-¯v hÀ-j-¡m-e-am-bn kÀ-¡m-cn-tâ-Xmbn hb-\m-Sns\ tXSn-sb-¯nb hnI-k\ ]²-XnIÄ \t¶ Npcp-¡w. an-I-¨ ]-²-Xn-I-fp-sSbpw h-nI-k-\ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fp-sSbpw A-`m-hw h-b-\m-«n-se a-äv ta-J-e-Isfbpw \nÀ-Öo-h-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. F¶pw NÀ-¨-sN-¿-s¸-«n-cp-¶ Sq-dn-kw ta-J-e-bp-sS hn-I-k-\-t¯msSm-¸w ]pXnb NÀ-¨-I-fn dn-b F-tÌ-äv cw-Khpw C-Sw ]n-Sn-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. Sq-dn-k¯nsâbpw dnb FtÌ-än-sâbpw hfÀ¨ ChnsS ]c-kv]cw _Ô-s¸-«p-In-S-¡p-¶p. ZoÀL-Im-em-Sn-Øm-\-¯n dnb FtÌäv cwK-¯n\v h³h-fÀ¨m km[yX-bp-ff PnÃbv¡v th≠{X ]cn-KW\ e`n-¡p-¶n-sÃ-¶mWv _nÂUÀam-cpĸ-sS-bp-ff hyh-km-bn-I-fpsS ]£w C sI \yqkv _yqtdm

kw-Øm\-s¯ dn-b F-tÌ-äv ta-J-e IpXn¨p apt¶-dnbn-cp¶ Ime¯v t]mepw X-fÀ¶pw In-

X¨pambncp¶p hb-\m-«nse dnb FtÌäv cwK-¯nsâ k©m-cw. H-cp \nÝn-X Im-e-t¯-¡v `q-an hm-§n IqSn-b hn-e-bv-¡v a-dn-¨p hnÂ-¡p-¶ {]m-tZin-I `q-an I-¨-h-S¡mcn am{X-ambn H-Xp-§p-I-bm-Wv PnÃbn-se dn-b F-kv-tä-äv cwKw. tIc-f-¯nse ap³\nc dnb FtÌ-äpIm-cp-sS-sbm¶pw ià-amb km¶n[yw hb-\-m«n-en-Ã. tlm-fn-tU tIm-t«-Pp-Ifpw Sn³ lu-kp-Ifpw \n-c-h-[n-bpÅ h-b-\m-«n ^v-fm-äp-IÄ-¡v bm-sXm-cphn-[ km-[yXbpw amÀ-¡-äp-ap-≠m-In-sÃ-¶v dn-b F-tÌ-äv cw-K¯p-Å-hÀ X-s¶ km-£y-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. A-tX-k-abw, hnÃ-I-fp-sSbpw A-¸mÀ-«v-saâp-I-fp-sSbpw km[y-X C-hÀ X-Ån-¡-f-bp-¶p-anÃ. an-I-¨ ]-²-Xn-I-fpw A-SnØm-\ kuI-cy hn-I-k-\-hpw h-s¶-¦n am-{X-ta PnÃ-bn \n-t£-]n-¡m³ a-äp-Å-hÀ Xm¸cyw Im-Wn-¡p-Ibpw {]-tZ-iw hn-I-kn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-Ibp-f-fq-sh¶ iàamb A`n-{]m-b-amWv dnb FtÌäv cwK-¯p-f-f-hÀ ]¦p-sh-¡p-¶-Xv. h-b-\m-«n-se {][m-\ {]-tZ-i-§fm-b _-t¯-cn, IÂ-¸-ä, am-\-´-hm-Sn F-¶n-hn-S-§-fnse Ø-e-hn-e Ip-Xn-¨p-b-cp-¶p-s≠-¦nepw H-cp t{]m-P-Îv ] qÀ¯n-bm-¡p-I-sb-¶Xv s{]m-^-j-W _n-Â-Usd kw_-Ôn-¨v shÃp-hn-fn-bmbn Ah-tijn¡p-I-bmWv. `q-an hnÂ-¸-\ kw-_-Ôn-¨v h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw X-«n-¸p \-S-¡p-¶Xv ]e _nÂUÀam-scbpw PnÃ-bn \nt£-]w \S-¯p-¶Xn \n¶pw ]n´n-cn-¸n-¡p-¶p. `q-an hm-§n I-gn-bp-t¼mgm-Wv AXv h-\-`qantbm A-sÃ-¦n kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ A[o\-X-bn-ep-ff Ø-etam BsW¶v ]ecpw A-dn-bp-¶-Xv. AÂ-ln-µv _nÂ-tU-gv-kv t]m-ep-Å {][m-\ dn-bÂ

54

F-tÌ-äv _n-kn-\-kp-ImÀ h-b-\m«n \nt£]w \S-¯nsb-¦nepw ]qÀ-¯n-bm¡n-b t{]m-P-Îp-IÄ hÀ-j-§-sf-Sp¯m-Wv hn-äp-XoÀ-¯-Xv. {]ap-J {]-hm-kn kw-cw-`-I\mb tUm B-km-Zv aq¸-sâ D-S-a-Ø-X-bn h-b-\m-Sv C³Ìn-äyq«v Hm-^v sa-Un-¡Â k-b³-kkv h-cp-¶-XÃm-sX a-äv h³ ]²-Xn-I-sfm¶pw Xs¶ PnÃ-bnte¡v ASps¯m¶pw F¯p¶ a«n-Ã. am-{X-aà {]-Jy-m]n-¡-s¸-« ]-²-Xn-I-fmI-s« ^-b-en D-d-§p-I-bmWv. kzIm-cy hyàn-I-fn ]-ecpw h-b-\m-«n \n-t£-]¯n-s\m-cp§-pt¼mÄ kÀ-¡mÀ am{Xw ]-²-Xn-I-tfm-Sv ap-Jw Xn-cnªp \nÂ-¡p-¶-Xn-\v ]n-¶n-se "temPnIv' Chn-Sps¯ P\-§Ä¡v ]nSn-In-«p-¶nÃ.

hn-I-k-\-¯n\pw ]p-¯³ am-Xr-I-IÄ I-s≠-¯p-I-sb¶-Xm-Wv. ta-¸mSn, ssh-¯n-cn ]-cn-k-c§Ä, `m-Wmkp-c km-KÀ, ]q-t¡m-«v te¡v, kq-Nn¸md F-¶n-hn-S-§Ä Sqdn-kw A-\p-_-Ô ta-J-e-Ifm-bn C-\nbpw D-b-cm-\p-≠v. Cu Ø-e-§-fn-seÃmw hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-IÄ-¡v th-≠ A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§-sfm¶pw X-s¶-bnÃ. C¡m-cy§-Ä kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ ]cn-K-W-\-s¡¯pI-bm-sW-¦n Cu {]tZ-i-§-sf-sbÃmw tImÀ-¯nW-¡n dn-b F-kvtä-än\v h³h-fÀ¨ ssIh-cn-¡m-\m-Ip-sa¶v h-b-\m-«n-se sN-dpIn-S `q-an-¡-¨-h-S-¡mÀ ]-d-bp¶p.

Sq-dn-k-¯n-eq-sS dn-b F-tÌ-än-te-¡v

dn-b F-kv-tä-äv ta-J-e-bv-¡v h-fÀ-¨-bp-s≠¶pw C-sÃ-¶p-ap-Å c-≠v A-`n-{]-mb-§Ä Dbcp-t¼mÄ Ø-e-¯n-\v hn-e Iq-Sn-h-cn-I- Xs¶bmWv. am-\´-hmSn, I¸-ä, _-t¯-cn F-¶o Ø-e-§-fm-Wv Ø-e-hn-e-bn C-t¸mgpw ap-¶n-«v \nÂ-¡p-¶-Xv. C-hn-sS X-s¶ ]-e Ø-e¯pw `q-an In-«m-\nÃ. _-t¯-cn-bn 10 apX 25 e-£w cq] h-sc H-cp skân-\v D-≠m-bn-cp-¶-Xv A-Sp¯ Im-e-¯m-bn Km-Uv-Kn I-½n-än dn-t¸mÀ-«n-sâbpw IS-phm k-t¦-X {]-Jym-]\-¯n-sâbpw t]-cn A¸w Xmgv¶p. F-¶m IÂ-¸-ä, am-\-´-hm-Sn F-¶n-hnS-§Ä Ø-e-hn-e-bn H-cn-¡epw ]n-t¶m-«n-sö t] m-se ap-t¶-dp-I-bm-Wv. skân-\v IÂ-¸-ä-bn 10 ap-X 20 e-£w cq] h-scbpw am-\-´-hm-Sn-bn 10 ap-X 25 e-£w cq-] h-sc-bp-am-Wv hne. _-t¯-cn-bn C-t¸mÄ dn-b F-kv-tä-äv _n-kn-\-skm¶pw \-S-¡p-¶nÃ. F-¶m a-äp-Å ta-J-eI-sf A-t]-£n-¨v IÂ-¸-ä-bn tam-i-aÃm-¯ s{S³Upw \à _n-kn-\kv km[y-Xbpw Im-Wp-¶p≠v.

hntZ-io-b-cpw C´y-bnse aäv kwØm-\-§-fn-ep-f-fhcpw ae-bm-fn-IfpsaÃmw Xs¶ hb-\m-Sns\ at\m-lc-amb Hcp Sqdnkw sUÌn-t\-j-\m-bmWv Ime-§-fmbn I≠p-h-cp-¶-Xv. F¶m C¶v ]-ecpw Hu-tZymKn-I Po-hn-X-¯n-\v ti-j-ap-Å kzØ-Po-hn-X-¯n-\v G-ähpw D-¯-a Ø-e-ambn h-b-\m-Sn-s\ ]-cn-K-Wn-¨v Xp-S-§p¶ {]h-W-Xbpw ià-amWv. C-sXÃmw h-b-\m-«n-se dn-b F-tÌ-äv ta-J-e-bpsS h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡v B-¡w Iq-«p-¶p≠v. ko-k-Wn {]-Xn-Zn\w i-cm-i-cn 1500\pw 25000 \pw C-S-bn hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-I-fm-Wv h-b-\m-«n-te-s¡¯p¶Xv. C-h-cn ]-ecpw h-b-\m-Sn-s\ H-cp sk¡â v tlmw A-sÃ-¦n A-h-[n-¡m-e Xm-h-f-am-bn Im-Wm\m-{K-ln-¡p-¶p-≠v. A-Xn-\v kÀ-¡mÀ sN-t¿≠-Xv Sq-dnk-s¯ ]cn-t]m-jn-¸n-¡m\pw A-Sn-Øm-\-kuIcy

Øehne DbÀ¶v Xs¶


`qan hm§n-¨n-«m t\«-ap-≠m¡mw

\n-e-hn {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bn-eq-sS

I-S¶p-t]m-Ip-¶ h-b-\m-«n-se dn-b F-kv-tä-än-\v `m-hn-bn h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw A-h-kc§fm-WpÅXvv. A-Xn-\v h-b\m-«n-se {]-IrXn-tbm-Sn-W-§p-¶ an-I¨ ]-²-XnIÄ `-c-W-hÀ-K-¯n-ep-Å-hÀ ap³-ssI-sb-Sp-¯v sIm-≠p-h-cm-\p-Å Fw hn -BÀÖ-hw Im-Wn-¡Ww. F´p-sImh-ko-dp-±o³, ≠v h-b-\-m-«n a-äv PnÃ-I-fn-ep-Å-t]m am-t\-Pnw-Kv se A-SnØm-\ kuI-cy hn-Ik-\w ]mÀ-SvWÀ, D-≠m-Ip-¶nÃ. h-b-\m-Sn-s\ kÀ-¡mÀ AÂ-ln-µv H-cp ]oUn-X PnÃ-bm-bn {]-Jym-]n-¨n-cn_nÂ-tU-gv-kv ¡p-I-bmWv. {]-Jym-]-\-§-fÃm-sX bmsXm¶pw kÀ-¡mÀ C-hn-sS sIm-≠p-hcp-¶nÃ. I-gn-ª ]-¯v hÀ-j-¯n-\n-S-bv-¡v kÀ-¡mÀ {]-Jym-]n¨ bm-sXm-cphn-[ ]-²-Xnbpw h-b-\m-«n- {]m -_-ey-¯n-em-bn«nÃ. Sq-dn-k-¯n-\v h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw km[y-X-bp-Å PnÃbm-Wv h-b-\m-Sv. a-äv PnÃ-I-fp-ambpw kw-Øm-\-§-fp-ambpw _-Ô-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ tdm-Up-I-fp-w an-I-¨ A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§fpap≠v. AÂ-ln-µv _nÂ-tU-gv-kv Hcp t{]mP-Îv A-\u¬-kv sN-bv-Xn-«v A-Xv R-§-fp-sS t]-cn-s\ _m-[n-¡m-Xn-cn-¡m³ th≠n- am-{X-am-Wv h-b-\m-«n ]qÀ-¯o-I-cn-¨Xv. ]qÀ¯nbm-¡nb t{]mPÎv ]qÀ-W-ambpw hn-sä-Sp-¡m³ aq-¶v hÀ-j-sa-Sp-¯p. h-b-\m-«n-se dn-b F-kv-tä-än h³ X-«n-¸p-Ifpw \-S-¡p-¶p≠v. H-cp t{]m-PÎpw ]-d-ª co-Xn-bn ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n Bcpw X-s¶ \Â-Ip-¶nÃ. am-{X-aà C-hnSps¯ {]m-tZin-I ta-J-e h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS ]m-X-bneq-sS-bà k-©-cn-¡p-¶Xv. ]pd-¯v \n-¶p-Å-h-cm-Wv dn-b F-tÌ-än-sâ t]cpw ]-dªvv C-hn-sS Ø-ew hm-§n-bn-Sp-¶-Xv. ]n-s¶-sb-§-s\-bmWvv C-hn-sS dnb F-kv-tä-än-\v ap-t¶-dm³ A-hkcw e-`n-¡p-I. `q-an hm-§n-¨n-Sp-I-bm-sW-¦n A-©v hÀ-j-¯n-\p-Ån t\-«-ap-≠m-¡m³ km-[n¡pw. F-¶m H-cp t{]m-¸À-«n\nÀ-an-¨v A-Xn \n-¶v em-`-ap-≠m-¡n-sb-Sp¡p-I A-sÃ-¦n ap-S-¡v-ap-X Xn-cn-¨p ]n-Sn-¡p-I C-t¸mg-s¯ km-l-N-cy-¯n hf-sc _p-²n-ap-«m-Wv.

skân-\v IÂ-¸-ä-bn 10 ap-X 20 e-£w cq] h-scbpw am-\-´hm-Sn-bn 10 ap-X 25 e-£w cq-] h-sc-bp-am-Wv hne. _-t¯cn-bn C-t¸mÄ dn-b F-kv-tä-äv _n-kn-\-skm¶pw \-S-¡p-¶nÃ. F-¶m a-äp-Å ta-J-eI-sf A-t]£n-¨v IÂ-¸-ä-bn tam-i-aÃm-¯ s{S³Upw \à _n-kn-\kv km[yXbpw Im-Wp-¶p dn«-bÀsaân\v tijw hb-\m-«n Ønc-Xm-a-k-am-¡m³ B{K-ln-¡p¶-h-cpsS F®w IqSn hcp-I-bmWv. CXv dnb FtÌäv cwK-¯n\v anI¨ km[y-X-bmWv Xpd-¶n-Sp-¶Xv bn-«p-Å-Xv. F-«v am-k-§Ä sIm-≠v H³]-Xv hnÃ-IÄ R-§Ä-¡v hnÂ-¡m³ km-[n-¨-Xv hf-sc hen-b hn-P-b-am-bm-Wv R-§Ä I-W¡m-¡p-¶Xv. tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv, I-®qÀ, a-e-¸p-dw F-¶n-hnS-§-fn-ep-Å {]-hm-kn a-e-bm-fn-Ifpw hy-hkm-bn-I-fp-saÃmw h-b-\m-«n `qan hm§n-¡p¶Xv A´-Êmbn ImWp¶ s{S³Upw Cu ASp-¯mbn ImW-s¸-Sp-¶p. CXv h-b-\m-«-n  `q-an hm-§n-¡p-¶-h-cp-sS F-®w Iq-Sm³ Im-c-W-am-bn-«p-≠v. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ h-S-¡³ `mK-§-fn-ep-f-f-hÀ `q-cn-`m-K-hpw ho-s¡³Up-IÄ DÃm-k-I-c-am-¡p-¶Xv h-b-\m-«n-emWv. A-h-cn ]-ecpw C-hnsS-sbm-cp hnà hm-§n-bn-Sm³ Xm-¸-cy-w Im-Wn-¡p-¶p≠v. CXnsâ ^e-ambn I-gn-ª c-≠p hÀ-j-am-bn Np-cp-¡w Nne s{]m-^-j-W _nÂ-tU-gv-kv h-b-\m-«n A-h-cp-sS ]-²-Xn-IÄ hn-`mh-\w sN-bv-Xv Xp-S-§n-bn«p≠v.

hfÀ¨ Sqdnkw taJ-esb B{i-bn¨v

h-b-\m-«n-se dn-bÂ

F-tÌ-äv ta-J-e {]-[m-\ambpw Sq-dn-kw ta-Jesb B-{i-bn-¨m-Wv \ne \nÂ-¡p-¶-Xv. a-e-_mÀ ta-J-e-bn- \n¶v s]s«-¶v F-¯n-s¸-Sm³ sI kn ]-än-bXpw an-I-¨ {] ap-Po-_v Ir-Xn ku-lrZ A-´-cod-Òm³, £-hp-ap-Å {]tZiamWv am-t\-Pnw-Kv h-b-\mSv. Cu km-[y]mÀ-SvWÀ, X-IÄ ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn K-k D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-I-bm-sW_nÂ-tU-gv-kv ¦n h-b-\m-«nse dn-b Bâ v sU-h-e-t¸-gv-kv F-tÌ-äv ta-J-e h-fcpsa-¶ A-`n-{]m-b-am-Wv F-\n-¡p-ÅXv. kÀ-¡-mÀ th-≠ hn-[-¯n {i-² sN-ep-¯p-I-bmsW-¦n h-b-\m-Sn-\v a-äv PnÃ-I-tf-¡mÄ ap-t¶-dm³ km-[n-¡pw. Du-«nbpw h-b-\ mSpw Xm-c-X-ay-s¸-Sp-¯p-t¼mÄ h-b-\m«n-te-¡m-Wv Iq-Sp-X hn-t\m-Z k-©mcn-IÄ C-t¸m-sg-¯p-¶Xv. C-Xp-I≠psIm≠v Sq-dn-k-¯n-\v an-I-¨ ]n´p-W

kÀ-¡mÀ sIm-Sp-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n dn-b F-tÌ-än-\pw h-fÀ-¨-bp-≠m-¡mhp-¶-XmWv. C-t¸mg-s¯ A-h-Ø-bn h-b-\m-«n hnÃ-IÄ-¡m-Wv Iq-SpX km-[y-X-bp-Å-Xv. Sq-dn-kw cw-K-hp-am-bn _Ôs¸-Sp-¯n A-¸mÀ-«v-saâ v t{]mP-Îv BZyw Xp-S-§nb-Xv R-§-fm-bn-cp¶p. sk¡â v tlmw F-¶ B-i-b-¯n-e-[njvTn-X-am-bm-Wv R-§-f-Xv \nÀ-an-¨-Xv. 22 A-¸mÀ-«v-saâp-Ifm-Wp-≠m-bn-cp-¶-Xv, I-Ì-ta-gv-knsâ `mK-¯p \n-¶v h³ {]-XnI-c-W-am-bncp¶p e`n-¨-Xv. dn-b F-tÌän-sâ hn-Ik-\w {]m-tZin-I ta-J-e-bnep-Å-hÀ¡pw hf-sc {]-tbm-P-\-I-cam-b co-Xn-bn In-«p-¶p-≠v. \n-ch-[n tPm-en km-[y-X-IÄ, I-c-Iu-i-e h-kv-Xp-¡Ä-¡v hn]-W-\ A-hk-cw F¶n-h e`n-¡p-¶p. h-b-\m-«n-se dn-b F-tÌ-än-sâ km[yX F-{X-am-{X-ap-s≠-¶-dn-ª-Xn-sâ A-SnØm-\-¯n ]-¯v G-¡-À `q-an-bn H-cp hen-b t{]m-P-În-te-¡p Iq-Sn K-k D-S³ I-S-¡m-\p-Å H-cp-¡-¯n-em-Wv. `m-hn-bn H-cp aq-¶m-dm-bn h-b-\m-Sv D-bcp-sa-¶ Im-cy-¯n bm-sXm-cp kw-i-b-

`qan tXSn {]hm-kn-Ifpw hyh-km-bn-Ifpw

kzØam-b Po-hn-Xw B-{K-ln-¨v h-b-\m-«nÂ

h-¶v Øn-c-X-m-a-k-am¡m³ B-{K-ln-¡p-¶-hcp-sS F-®w {I-am-Xo-Xam-bn Iq-Sn h-cp-¶p-≠v. jw-Pn-Xv sI, A-§-s\-bp-Å-hÀ-¡v C-hn-sS h-¶v H-cp hoknC-H, ]-hn-en-b³ Svv hm-§mt\m \nÀ-an_nÂ-tU-gv-kv ¡mt\m {]bm-k-am-Wv.

R-§Ä-¡n-hn-sS ap³-Xq-¡w \Â-Ip-¶ L-S-Ihpw C-Xm-Wv. B-fp-IÄ-¡v s]-s«¶v h-¶n-hn-sS Xm-a-kn-¡m³ tl-fn-tU tlmw-tkm, Sn³ lutkm H¶pw X-s¶ ]-cym-]v-X-am-Ip-I-bnÃ. A§-s\ h-cpt¼mÄ A-hÀ h-b-\m-«n-ep-Å {][m-\ dn-b F-tÌ-äp-Im-sc-bm-Wv k-ao-]n-¡p¶Xv. R-§-fp-sS B-Zy t{]m-P-Îm-Wv hb-\m-Sn-sâ lr-Z-b `m-Kam-b IÂ-¸-ä-bn H-cp-¡n-bn-«pÅXv. H-t¶-Im G-¡-dn 15 {]o-anbw hnÃ-I-fm-Wv C-hn-sS H-cp-¡n-

55


C³shÌvsaâvssKUv

kzÀ®w DbÀ¶ enIzn-Un-än-bp-ff \nt£]w kzÀ-®w I-gn-ª \m-fp-I-fn \ÂIn-b aqe-[-\ hÀ-²\-hv I-≠n-sÃ-¶v \-Sn-¡m³ a-e-bm-fn-¡mhp-tam. ]nd-¶p ho-gp¶-tX _n-kn-\-kp-Im-c-\m-bn-«msW-¶p ]-d-b-s¸-Sp-¶ "amÀ-hmUn' \m-ev Im-iv I-¿n h-¶p tN-cp-t¼mÄ Hm-l-cn-bn \n-t£-]n-¡m³ Xp-S-§pw. ]-≠p sXm-t« _n-kn-\-Ên-\p A-\pIq-e-am-b a®pw Im-em-h-Øbpw \-½p-sS \m-«n CÃm-sX t]m-bXp-sIm≠mhpw a-e-bm-fn-¡v A¯-cw Im-cy-§-fn hn-izm-k-anÃm-sX t]mbn. a-\p-jy\-tà F-´n-se-¦nep-sam-s¡ hn-izm-kw tht≠. a-e-bm-fn kzÀ®-¯n hn-izm-k-aÀ-¸n-¡p¶-Xv A-§-s\-bm-hWw A\m-anI

""kz

À-®-s¯-¡p-dn-¨v A-[n-Iw kw-kmcn¡-≠, C-sXÃmw h-S-¡n-cn-¡p-¶ H-cmÄ A-dn-bp-¶p-s≠-¶ HmÀ-½ th-Ww''þkw-km-cn¡p-t¼mÄ ]-c-amh-[n sS-Iv-\n-¡Â PmÀ-K¬-kv I-bäp-I F¶Xv Cu kp-lr-¯n-sâ ]-Xn-hmWv. sk³-kIv-kv D-b-cp-sa-¶ {]-Xo-£-bn "sk³k-Iv-kv h-S-t¡m-«p-Å {]-bmWw' Xp-S-§n-¡-gnªp-sh-¶m-W-bmÄ ]-d-bp-I. kzÀ-®-¯n-sâ Im-cy-¯n Cu "h-S¡³ {]-tbmKw' B-Zy-ambn tIÄ-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p-sh-¶-Xn-\m kw-i-b \n-hr-¯n-¡m-bn ho≠pw tNm-Zn-t¡-≠n h¶p. "h-S-¡n-cn-¡p-¶ B-c-dn-bp-sa-¶m ]-dªXv?' H-cp Nncn-tbm-sS-bm-bn-cp-¶p a-dp-]Sn. "At¿m ] {X-sam¶pw Im-Wp-¶ntÃ, hS-¡v sUÂ-ln-bn \n-¶v hm-bp amÀ-K-¯n kzÀ-®w sIm≠p-t]mIm-\m-bn tam-ãm-¡Ä \-½p-sS \m-«n F-¯p¶p-sh-¶m dn-t¸mÀ-«v. kzÀ-®w ssI-¡-em-¡n Ign-ªm hm-bp th-K-¯n A-hÀ Xn-cn¨p-t]mhp-Ibpw sN-¿pw. a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS kzÀ-® {`-aw a-\-kn-em¡n-b a-dp-\m-«n-se X-kv-I-c-hoc³amÀ

56

tam-j-W-¯n-sâ Im-cy-¯nepw H-cp t¥m-_ hntÃ-Pv I¬-sk-]väv "A-tUm-]väv' sN-bv-Xm Ahsc Ip-äw ]-d-bm-\mhp-tam. F-hn-sS s]m-s«³-jy  "^oÂ' sN-¿p-t¶m A-hn-S-§-fn X-§-fp-sS {]-hÀ¯-\w hym-]n-¸n¡p-I F-¶-Xm-WtÃm ]pXn-b aXw! kzÀ-®w I-gn-ª \m-fp-I-fn \ÂIn-b aqe[-\ hÀ-²\-hv I-≠n-sÃ-¶v \-Sn-¡m³ a-e-bm-fn¡mhp-tam. ]nd-¶p ho-gp¶-tX _n-kn-\-kp-Im-c\m-bn-«m-sW-¶p ]-d-b-s¸-Sp-¶ "amÀ-hmUn' \m-ev Im-iv I-¿n h-¶p tN-cp-t¼mÄ Hm-l-cn-bn \n-t£-]n-¡m³ Xp-S-§pw. ]-≠p sXm-t« _n-kn\-Ên-\v A-\p-Iq-e-am-b a®pw Im-em-h-Øbpw \-½p-sS \m-«n CÃm-sX t]m-bXp-sIm-≠m hpw a-e-bm-fn-¡v A¯-cw Im-cy-§-fn hnizm-k-anÃm-sX t]mbn. a-\p-jy\-tà F-´nse-¦nep-sam-s¡ hn-izm-kw tht≠. a-e-bm-fn kzÀ-®-¯n hn-izm-k-aÀ-¸n-¡p¶-Xv A-§-s\bm-hWw. F-´m-bmepw \-½psS Cu hn-izmkw am-tem-Icpw A-dn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p-sh-¶-Xn-\v D-Zm-l-c-W-amWv Cu tam-j-W ]-c¼-c. H-cp hn-`m-Kw BÄ-¡m-cn Im-em-Im-e-§-fmbn ]-Xnªp t]m-b H-cp hn-izm-kw G-sX-¦nepw Ht¶m

ct≠m {]-XnIq-e kw-`-h-§-fp-sS ]-Ým-¯-e-¯ntem, B-sc-¦nepw F-s´-¦nepw ]-d-bp¶-Xv tIt«m s]m-Sp¶-s\ am-dm³ t]m-Ip-¶nà F-¶p am-{X-aà C¯cw ]-co-£W-§-fn-em-Wv Nn-eX-cw hn-izm-k-§-fp-sS Zr-V-X Iq-Sp¶-Xv F-¶-Xn-\v F-{X D-Zm-l-c-W-§Ä th-W-sa¦nepw \n-c-¯m-\p-ap≠v. AXp-sIm-≠v C¯-cw Nne tam-j-W-§Ä sImt≠m kzÀ-®-¯n \n-t£-]n¡m³ C-X-c amÀ-¤-§fp-≠v F-¶ Xn-cn-¨-dn-hp sImt≠m s]m-Sp¶-s\ a-eb-fn-IÄ ap-gp-h³ am-dn-¨n´n-¨p I-f-bp-sa-¶p I-cp-Xnsb-¦n sXän. C-¡mcyw a-\-Ên sh¨psIm≠v "^n-kn-¡-Â' B-bn kzÀ®w (B-`c-Wtam \mW-btam F-´p-am-hmw) hm-§p-t¼mÄ A-dn-ªncn-t¡-≠ Nn-e Im-cy-§sf-¡p-dn-¨v ]-d-bp-I-bmWv. C¯-cw Im-cy-§-sf-¡p-dn¨v A-dn-ªn-cp-¶n-sÃ-¦n 8 {Kmw kzÀ®w (H-cp ] h³) hm-§n-bm t]mepw \yq- P-\-td-j³ `m-j-bn 8 sâ ]-Wn In-«n-tb-¡mw. s]m-¶p hn-f-bp-¶ a-®v KÄ-^v Pz-cw I-¯n-¸-SÀ-

¶n-cp-¶ F¬-]-Xp-I-fp-sS BZyw sX-¶p-¶ ep-¦n-bpw A-¯-dn-sâ a-W-hpw I-gp¯n-sem-cp kzÀ-® sN-bn-\p-am-bn-cp-¶p H-cp i-cmicn KÄ-^pImc-sâ kv-s]-kn-sa³! (kw-i-b-ap-Å-hÀ-¡v A-¡m-e-¯nd§n-b a-ebm-f kn-\n-a-I-fn-se kam-\ I-Ym-]m-{X-§-sf-s¡m-≠v C-¡mcyw D-d-¸n-¡mw) A-h-[n-¡p \m-«n-se-¯p-¶ A-h-tcmSv, ]-f]fm an-¶p-¶ Cu kzÀ-® sN-bn³ I-≠v ]-h-\nt¸m A-hn-sS F-´m hn-e-sb-¶p D-tZz-K-t¯m-sS tNm-Zn¡p-¶ ho-«-½-am-cpw A-h-cp-sS hmbn \n-¶p ho-gp-¶ Xm-c-X-tay-\ Ip-d-ª hn-e (\-½p-sS \m-«n \n-e-hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-¶ hne-sb A-t]-£n¨v) tI-«v Np-½m-Xà s]m-¶p hn-f-bp-¶ a-®v F-¶v Ad-_n \m-Sn-s\ hn-ti-jn-¸n-¡p¶-sX-¶v \n-\¨v, A-hn-sS P-\n¡m-sX t]m-b-Xns\-tbmÀ¯v, Ip-d-ª ]-£w Xsâ- `À-¯mhnt\m, "hn-hm-lw I-gn-bm-¯ k-tlmZ-c-t\m' A-hnsS-sbm-cp tPm-en e-`n-¡m-sX t]m-b hn[n-sb ]-gn-¨v s\-Sp-hoÀ-s¸-«ncp-s¶m-cp ap³-X-eap-d \-½p-sS \m-«n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-¶p-sh-s¶m-cp kp-lr-¯v ]-dª-Xv shdpw I-fnbm-hm-\n-S-bnÃ! A-{X-bm-bn-cp-¶p kzÀ-®-¯n \n-e \n-¶n-cp-¶ hn-e hy-Xymkw. ]-t£, C-{Xbpw `o-a-am-b hn-e hy-Xym-kw F-´p


90 I-fp-sS BZyw \-½p-sS cmPyw km¼¯n-I {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bn-e-I-s¸-«-t¸mÄ A-hkm-\ ]n-Sn-h-Ån-sb-t¶m-Ww Xp-W-bvs¡-¯nb-Xv dn-kÀ-Æv _m-¦v ti-J-c-¯n-se kzÀ-®-am-sW-¶v Xn-cn-¨-dn-bp-t¼mÄ A-´mcm-{ã X-e-¯n-ep-Å en-Izn-Un-än F-{X-sb¶v t_m-[y-am-Ipw.

sIm-≠m-Wp-≠m-b-sX-¶v Ir-Xy-am-bn a-\-Ên-em-¡m³ Bcpw sa-\-¡n-«nÃ! sh® t]m ]-cn-ip-²n sh® t]m-ep-cp-Ip-¶ lrZ-bw F-¶ {]-tbm-Kw X-s¶-bp≠v. lr-Z-b-¯nsâ "]-cn-ip-²nsb' kq-Nn¸n-¡m-\m-Wo {]-tbmKw! kzÀ-®-¯n-sâ Im-cyhpw C-§s\ Xs¶. ]-cn-ip-²am-b kzÀ-®-¯n-\v I-«n Ip-d-bpw. AXp-sIm-≠v X-s¶ B-`-c-Whpw a-äpap-≠m-¡m³ sN¼p-t]m-ep-Å C-Xc tem-l-§Ä Iq-«n-t¨À¯v "I«n' Iq-«n-tb Xocp. B-`-c-W-§Ä D-≠m-¡m³ \-½p-sS \m-«n km-[m-c-W-bm-bn D-]tbm-Kn-¨p h-cp-¶-Xv 22 Im-c-än-ep-Å kzÀ-®-am-Wv. 916 ]-cn-ip-²n-bm-Wv C-Xn-\p I-Â-¸n-¨p \Â-In-bn-cn-¡p¶Xv. i-X-am-\-¡-W¡n ]-cn-ip-² kzÀ-®-¯n-sâ A-f-hv 92 iX-am\w F-¶p h-¨m 8iX-am-\t¯m-fw C-Xc tem-l-§Ä C-Xn A-S-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p-sh-¶v kmcw. A-§-s\-bm-sW-¦n 18 Im-c-än-ep-Å kzÀ®-¯n-sâ ]-cn-ip-²n 450 (999/24X18) B-bn-cn-¡psa-¶v Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªm F´p-sIm-≠m-Wn-{X am{Xw hn-e-¡p-d-hn A-hn-sS kzÀ-®w e-`n-¡p-¶-sX-¶v a-\-Ên-em-¡m-s\-fp-¸-am-hpw. hntZ-i cm-Py-§-fn 18 Im-c-än-sâ kzÀ-®w sIm-≠m-Wv {]-[m-\-ambpw B-`-cW-§Ä D-≠m-¡p-¶Xv. \-½p-sS \m-«n-em-sI 22 Im-cän-epw! i-X-am-\-am-sW-¦n 75% ]-cn-ip-² kzÀ-®w! H-cp hn-izmkw, A-Xp am{Xw aXn-tbm? ]-t£, \-á t\-{X-§Ä sIm-≠v C-Xv F-{X Imc-äv Ft¶m C-Xn-se ]-cn-ip-²n F-{X-sb-t¶m- Xn-cn¨-dn-bp-¶-sX-§s\? A-Xn-\v hn-iz-k-\o-bam-b H-cp G-P³-kn-sb B-{i-bn-¡m-sX X-c-anÃ. _n-sFF-kv lmÄ-amÀ-¡n-sâ {]k-àn C-hn-sS-bmWv. tI{µ kÀ¡m-cn-\m cq-]o-Ir-Xam-b _yqtdm Hm-^v C-´y³ kvâm³-tUÀ-Uv B-Wv _n-sFF-kv F-¶ Np-cp-¡t¸-cn A-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. kzÀ-®-¯n-sâ ]-cn-ip-²n F-{X-sb-¶v _n-sFF-kv amÀ-¡n-wKn-eq-sS sh-fn-hm¡-s¸-Sp¶p. A-´m-cm-{ã am-\-Z-Wv-U-§Ä-¡-\p-k-cn¨m-Wv _n-sFF-kv lmÄ amÀ-¡nwKv. PqhÂ-dn-I-fn \n-¶v kzÀ-®w hm-§p-t¼mÄ _n-sFF-kv ap-{Z D-d¸p-h-cp-t¯-≠-Xn-sâ B-h-iyI-Xbpw C-Xp Xs¶. en-Izn-Un-än tem-I-s¯-¼mSpw ""F-s´m-s¡-¸-d-ªmepw \m-ev Im-iv ssI-¿n h-¶m Rm³ kzÀ-®-¯n-te \n-t£-]n¡q. A-Xymh-iy-¯n-\v ]W-bw h-¨m-sW-¦nepw kzÀ-®w hn-ämsW-¦nepw Im-cy-§Ä \-S¯mw,'' H-cp ho-«-½bm-b Cu kv-{Xo-bp-sS hm-¡p-I-fnepw Im-cy-ap-≠v. Nn-e B-h-iy-§Ä IS-¶p hcn-I H«pw \n-\-¨n-cn-¡m-¯ t\-c-¯m-bn-cn-¡pw. A¯-cw A-h-k-c-§-fn \-½psS \n-t£-]-¯n-\p th≠-{X en-Izn-Un-än C-sÃ-¦n Ip-g-§nb-Xp Xs¶. kzÀ-®w D-bÀ-¶ en-Izn-Un-än-bpÅ \n-t£-]-am-sW-¶v \n-kwi-bw ]-d-bmw. kzÀ-®w ]W-bw h-bv-¡m³ th-≠p-¶ kabw "]-Wbw' F-¶ hm-¡p-¨-cn-¡m³ th-≠p-¶ k-a-b-¯n-te-¡v Np-cp§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p-sh-¶m-WtÃm ]-c-ky-§-fn-eq-sSbpw aäpw sh-fn-hm-¡p-¶Xv. _m-¦p-Ifpw C-X-c [-\-Im-cy Øm-]-\-§fpw kzÀ-®-¸-W-b-¯n³ ta tem¬ \Â-Im³ aÂ-k-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. F-´n-\v 90 I-fp-sS BZyw \-½p-sS cmPyw km-¼¯n-I {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bne-I-s¸-«-t¸mÄ A-hkm-\ ]n-Sn-h-Ån-sb-t¶m-Ww Xp-W-bv-s¡-¯nb-Xv dn-kÀ-Æv _m-¦v ti-J-c-¯n-se kzÀ-®-am-sW-¶v Xn-cn-¨-dn-bp-t¼mÄ A-´m-cm-{ã X-e-¯n-ep-Å en-Izn-Un-än F-{X-sb-¶v t_m-[y-am-Ipw. hnÂ-¡p-hm³ A-{X ta F-fp-¸-am-b-Xn-\m-WtÃm

C-Xnsâ Cu-Sn³-ta hmbv-] D-S³ e-`n-¡p-¶Xv. "skÃptem-bnUv' Ime-¯v \n¶v "Un-PnäÂ' bp-K-¯n-te-¡v \mw h-fÀ¶p. H-cp \nt£-] amÀ-K-sa-¶ co-Xn-bn H-cp-]m-Sv ]-cn-jvIm-c§Ä Cu ta-J-e-bnepw B-hn-jv-I-cn-¡-s¸-«p ]p

Xn-b F-´n-t\bpw am-dn \n¶vv kw-i-b-t¯m-sS ho£n¡p-I F¶-Xv ]-≠p apX-te \-½p-sS kz-`m-hamWv. Hm-l-cn-IÄ Un sa-äo-cn-b-sse-kv-Uv t^m-an B-hn-jv-¡-cn-¡-s¸-«-t¸mÄ, F-\n¡v Hm-l-cn-bp-s≠-¶v tXm-¶-W-sa-¦n ssIhiw Hml-cn kÀ-«n-^n-¡-äv thW-sa-¶v iTn-¨ H-cm-sf t\-cn-«-dn-bmw. ]n-¶o-Sv Uo-am-äv t^m-an-se Kp-W-§Ä Xn-cn-¨-dn-ª C-t±-lw C-t¸mÄ Hm¬þsse³ sj-bÀ t{S-Unw-Kv \-S-¯p¶p! ]p-Xn-b-Xm-bmepw ]-g-b-Xm-bmepw \Ã-Xn-s\ AwKo-I-cn¡p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv _p²n. kzÀ-®-¯n B-hnjv-I-cn-¡-s¸-« \q-X-\ \n-t£-]-amÀ-¤-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw A-h-bp-sS sa-¨-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw {i-²n-t¡-≠ Im-cy-§sf-¡p-dn¨pw A-Sp-¯ e-¡-¯nÂ. H-¸w hf-sc sNdn-b XpI sIm-≠p t]mepw Xp-S-§m-hp-¶ kzÀ-® \n-t£]-s¯-¡p-dn¨pw!

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dos«bvÂ

tIcfw ]c¼-cm-K-X N-´-I-fp-sS \yq-P-\-tdj³ cq-]am-b am-fp-IÄ a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS tjm-¸nw-Kv ssi-en-bp-sS `m-K-am-bn¡-gnªp. C-Xph-sc ]-cn-N-bn-¨n-«nÃm¯ Xc-¯n tjm-¸nw-Kv A-\p`hkm-[y-am¡p¶-tXmsSm¸w Zr-iy-hn-kv-a-b-§-fn-te-¡pw hn-t\m-Z-¯n-sâ A-\-´-tem-I-t¯¡pw D]-t`m-àm-hns\ ssI ] n-Sn-¨p \-S-¯p-I-bm-Wv am-fp-I-Ä. tem-tIm-¯-c {_m³-Up-Â-¸¶§-fp-sS A-Xn-hn]p-e t{iWn, hn-imeam-b ]mÀ-¡nw-Kv ku-I-cyw, io-Xo-I-cn-¨ C-S-\m-gnIÄ, H-cp hym]m-c Øm-]-\-¯n \n¶pw a-säm-cp Øm-]\¯n-te-¡v F-fp-¸-¯n t]m-Im-\p-Å ku-Icyw...Np-cp§n-b Im-e-¯n-\p-Ån tI-c-fo-bÀ-¡nSn-bn am-fpI-sf {]n-b-¦-c-am-¡n-b-Xn-\v ]n-¶n-se LS-I§Ä Ch-bm-Wv. Iq-Sm-sX kq-¸Àþssl-¸À amÀ-¡-äpIÄ, Un-¸mÀ-«v-saâ v tÌm-dp-IÄ, hyXykvX `-£y-hn-`-h-§-Ä e-`y-am-Ip-¶ ^p-Uv tImÀ-«pIÄ, A-ayq-kv-saâ v ]mÀ-¡p-I-fp-sS sN-dp-cq-]am-b ^¬ tkm¬, aÄ«n-s¹-Iv-kv Xn-b-ä-dp-IÄ Xp-S-§n-bhbpw am-fp-I-sf B-IÀ-j-Iam¡p-¶p. A-Sp-¯ aq-¶v hÀ-j-¯n-\pÅn tI-c-f-¯n-ep-S-\o-fw sN-dpXpw h-ep-Xpam-b A¼-tXm-fw am-fp-I-fm-Wv h-cm³ t]m-Ip-¶-Xv kpPojv sI Fkv amÄ h-gn-I-fn-eq-sS tIc-fw

tI -c-f-¯n am-fp-I-fp-sS tX-tcm-«w Xp-S-§p¶-Xv sa-t{Sm \-K-c-a-m-bn h-fÀ¶p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p¶ sIm-¨n-bnÂ

\n-¶m-Wv. 2006 Z-£n-tW-´y-bn-se {]-ikv-X _nkn-\ kv {Kq¸mb A-_m-Zv a-ssd³ ss{U-hn- 42000 NXpc{i A-Sn-bn c-≠v \n-e-I-fn-em-bn ]-Sp-¯p-bÀ¯n-b t_ ss{]-Uv am-fm-Wv tI-c-f-¯n-se B-Zy-s¯ amÄ. F-¶m tI-c-f-¯n B-Zy-am-bn b-YmÀ-° amÄ kwkv-Im-c-¯n-\v XpS-¡w Ip-dn¨-Xv 2008 tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv t^m¡-kv amÄ B-cw-`n¨-Xv ap-X-em-sW-¶v ]-d-bmw. 2003 ap-X sI«n-S \nÀam-W cw-K-¯pÅ sslsse-än-tâ-Xm-Wv t^m¡-kv amÄ. c-≠-c e-£w kv-IzbÀ-^o-än A-©v \n-e-I-fn-em-bn {]-hÀ-¯-\-am-cw-`n-¨ amÄ tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv PnÃ-bn ]pXnb tjm-¸nw-Kv ssÌ krjv-Sn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. Xp-SÀ-¶v A-tX hÀ-jw X-s¶ H_v-tdm¬ {Kq¸v Hm-^v I-¼-\oknsâ Iogn H_vtdm¬ am-Ä sIm-¨n-bn B-cw-`n-¨p. a-e-bm-fn-IÄ aÄ-«ns¹-Iv-kv Xn-b-ä-dp-I-fp-sS \-hym-\p`-hw a-\-kn-em-¡p¶-Xv H_v-tdm¬ am-fn-sâ h-c-thm-sS-bm-bn-cp-¶p. kn-\n-am-Iv-kv F-¶ I-¼-\n-bp-sS \m-ev aÄ-«n-s¹-Iv-kv Xn-bä-dp-Ifpw A-©v \n-e-I-fn-em-bn \mÂ-¸-Xn-e-[n-Iw hym]m-c Øm-]\-§-fpw H_v-tdm¬ am-fn-ep-≠v. 2010 sIm-¨n-bn sshän-e Pw-Kvj-\v k-ao-]w 500,000 N-Xpc-{i A-Sn-bn tKmÄ-Uv kq-¡v {Kmâ v {]-hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n¨p. Hcp 6Un Xn-b-ädpw \m-ev aÄ-«n-s¹-Iv-kv Xnb-ädpIfpw Aao-_ F-¶ sKbnw skâdpw tKmÄ-Uv kq-¡n-sâ B-IÀ-j-I LS-I-§-fn Nne-XmWv. A-tX hÀ-jw X-s¶ A-_m-Zv {Kq-¸n-sâ a-säm-cp amÄ sIm-¨nbnse a-c-Sn B-cw-`n¨p. eo-Uv tdänwKv e`n¨ C-´y-bn-se B-Zy-s¯ {Ko³ am-fm-bn-cp¶p A-_m-Zv \yq-¢nb-kv. Iq-Sm-sX sN-dpXpw h-ep-Xpam-b H³-]tXmfw am-fp-IÄ sIm-¨n, tIm-gn-t¡mSv, ]m-e-¡m-Sv F-¶nhnS-§Ä tI-{µo-I-cn-¨v {]hÀ¯-\-amcw-`n¨p. H-Sp-hn hn-kv-a-b Im-gv-N-I-fp-sS am-b-s¡m«m-cw P-\-§Ä-¡v Im-gv-N-sh-¨v Fw F bq-k-^-en-bp-sS Fw sI {Kq-¸nsâ D-S-a-Ø-X-bn-epÅ ep-ep amÄ I-gn-ª amÀ-¨v ]-¯n\v sIm-¨n C-S-¸-Ån-bn B-cw-`n¨p. Zp-_mbntem e-≠\ntem B-sW-¶v tXm-¶n-¸n-¡p-¶ -X-c-¯nepÅ tem-tIm-¯-c \n-e-hm-c-ap-Å ku-I-cy-§-fm-Wv C-hn-sS D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡m-bn H-cp-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. aqhm-bnc¯n-e-[n-Iw t]À C-hn-sS tPm-en sN-¿p-¶p≠v. Iq-Sp-X {_m³-Up-IÄ Iq-Sn h-cp-¶-tXm-sS A-¿m-bn-c¯n-e-[n-Iw t]À-¡v sXm-gn \Â-Ip-¶ am-fm-bn ep-ep am-dp-sa-¶ Im-cy-¯n kw-i-b-anÃ. aq-¶v hÀ-j-¯n-\p-Ån 50Hm-fw am-fp-IÄ amÄ kw-kv-Im-cw H-tcm a-e-bm-fn-bp-sSbpw Po-hn-X¯n-sâ `mK-am-Ip-I-bmWv. A-Xn-\v Iq-Sp-X I-cp-¯v ]-I-cm-\m-bn A-Sp-¯ aq-¶v hÀ-j-¯n-\p-Ån hy-Xykv-

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X L-«-§-fn-em-bn A-³]-tXm-fw am-fp-I-fm-Wv kw-Øm\-¯n-sâ hn-h-[ `m-K-§-fn-em-bn h-cm³ t]m-Ip-¶-sX-¶v apwss_ B-Øm-\-am-bp-Å _n-tbm-≠v kv-Iz-b-À-^o-änsâ No-^v amÄ sa-¡m-\n-Iv kp-io Up-¦À-hmÄ I-gnª \-hw-_-dn sIm-¨n-bn h-¶-t¸mÄ A-`n-{]m -b-s¸-«n-cp-¶p. H-¶-c tIm-Sn N-Xpc-{i A-Sn hn-kv-XoÀ-Ww h-cp-¶ C{Xbpw am-fp-IÄ-¡v 45,000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv sNe-hv {]-Xo-£n-¡p-¶-Xv. C-{X-bpw am-fp-I-fp-sS h-cthmsS B-dm-bn-cw tIm-Sn-bn-e-[n-Iw cq]-bpsS \n-t£-]w tIc-f-¯n-se-¯p-¶-sXm-sSm¸w A-©v e-£¯n-e-[n-Iw sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§fpw krjvSn-¡-s¸-Sp-sa¶mWv {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶Xv. tI-c-f-¯n-se {][m-\ _nkn-\kv {Kq-¸p-Ifm-b a-e-_mÀ {Kq¸v, BÀ-]n {Kq¸v, ssl-sseäv, bq-Wn-sSIv, {]-ÌoPv, tKm-Ip-ew, tim-` Xp-S§n-bhscÃmw amÄ \nÀ am-W ]²-Xn-I-fp-am-bn ap-t¶-dp-I-bm-Wv. Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pcw, sIm-¨n, tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv, ]m-e-¡mSv, I-®qÀ Xp-S§n-b PnÃ-Ifm-Wv am-fp-I-fp-sS h-k-´-Im-e-¯n-\v B-Xn-Yy-acp-fms\m-cp-§p¶-Xv. Up-¦À-hm-fn-sâ {]-hN-\w Ir-Xyam-sW-¦n Cu hÀ-jw X-s¶ ]-Xn-aq-t¶m-fw am-fp-IÄ tI-c-f-¯n {]-hÀ-¯-\-am-cw-`n-¡pw. a-äv kw-Øm-\§-sf- At]-£n¨v tIc-fw ap-gp-h-\mbpw H-cp _n-Kv Su¬-jn-¸m-bn h-fÀ-¶p sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-I-bm-sW-¶pw tI-c-f-¯n-ep-Å-h-cp-sS B-tfml-cn h-cp-am\w -A-[n-I-amb-Xn-\m-emWv C-{X-b-[n-Iw am-fp-IÄ C-hn-sS h-cm³ t]m-Ip-¶-sX-¶pw H_v-tdm¬ am-fn-sâ P-\-d am-t\-PÀ sI amXyp eq-¡v sh-fn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. ]p-Xn-b-Xm-bn h-cp-¶ am-fp-IÄ \n-e-hn-ep-Å-h-bv-¡v bm-sXm-cphn[ shÃp-hn-fnbpw- D-bÀ-¯n-söv amXyq eq¡v Iq-«n tNÀ-¡p-¶p.F¶m aq-¶v -hÀ-j¯n-\p-Ån 50Hm-fw am-fp-I-Ä {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n-¡p-sa¶ {]-Jym]\w i-cn-bsöm-Wv ssl-sS-¡v am-Ä am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-dÎÀ Fw F sa-lv_q_n-sâ A-`n-{]mbw. \n-e-hn sN-dnb tjm-¸nw-Kv irw-J-e-IÄ¡pw am-sf-¶m-Wv ]-d-bp-¶-Xv. 50 ]-eXpw C-¯-c-¯n-ep-Å-Xm-sW¶pw G-I-tZ-iw ]-s¯-®w am-{X-am-Wv tZio-b \n-e-hm-c-¯n am-sf-¶ k-¦Â-¸-¯n h-cm³ t]m-Ip-¶-sX¶pw sa-lv-_q-_v ]-d-bp-¶p. am-fp-IÄ h-cp-t¼mÄ \n-Ip-Xn-bn-\-¯nÂX-s¶ `o-aamb Xp-I kÀ-¡m-cn-\v e-`n-¡p-¶p. A-tXm-sSm-¸w A-\-´amb sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§-fpw. tjm-¸nw-Kv s^-Ình \-S-¯p-¶-Xn-\v ]I-cw h³ do-s«-bv- _n-kn-\-kpIm-sc tI-c-f-¯n sIm-≠p h-¶v am-fp-IÄ¡vv t{]mÕml-\w sIm-Sp-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n an-I-¨ t\-«-ap≠m-¡m³ kÀ-¡m-cn\pw am-fp-IÄ¡pw km-[n-¡p-sa-¶pw sa-lv-_q-_v hy-à-am-¡p-¶p. am-fp-I-fp-sS tem-I-t¯-¡v Im-Wm¡m-gv-N-I-fp-sS AÛp-X {]]-©w k-½m-\n-¨ ep-ep tjm-¸nw-Kv am-fn-sâ h-c-thm-sS F§-s\ \q-X-\ hpw B-IÀ-j-I-hp-am-bn Iq-Sp-X ku-I-cy-§-tfm-sS am-

fp-I-Ä \nÀ-an-¡m-sa-¶ Nn´-bn-emWv {]apJ {Kq¸p-IÄ. kw-Øm\-s¯ an-I-¨ tjm-¸nwKv am-fm-bn-«m-Wv tIm-gnt¡m-Sv tZio-b]m-X-bv-¡-cn-In sslsseäv amÄ hn-`mh\w sN-¿p-¶-Xv. 350 tIm-Sn cq-] sN-e-hn- \nÀ-an¡p¶ ssl-sse-äv am-fn h³ ssl-¸À-amÀ-¡äv, Un-¸m À-«v-saâ v tÌm-À, sK-bn-anw-Kv tkm¬, C³-tUmÀ ^¬ tkm¬, {Xo-ÌmÀ _n-kn\-kv tlm-«Â, F-«v kv-{Io-\pÅ aÄ-«n-s¹-Ivkv, ^p-Uv tImÀ-«pIÄ, I¬-sh³-j³ lmÄ F-¶n-h-sbÃmw H-cp-¡p-¶p-≠v. ""tI-c-f-¯n-se P\§Ä hn-Zymk-¼-¶cpw {_m³-Uv "tIm¬jy-kp'amWv. -tI-cf-¯n am-fp-I-fp-sS km[y-X hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-¶Xnsâ {] [m\ Ic-W-§-fn-sem-¶m-WnXv,'' ep-ep CâÀ\m-jW tjm-¸nw-Kv am-fn-sâ _n-kn\-kv sl-Uv jn-_p ^n-en-]v-kv ]-d-bp-¶p. sNdnb tjm-¸nw-Kv am-fp-I-fp-sS Im-ew I-gnsª¶pw h-ep-Xm-bm am-{X-ta B-fp-IÄ-¡v Iq-Sp-X ku-Icyw \Â-Im-\m-hp-I-bp-Åp-sh-¶ A-`n-{]-mbhpw ^n-en-]v ]-¦p sh¡p-¶p. tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv X-s¶ tKm-Ip-ew {Kq-¸v A©vv e-£w kv-Iz-bÀ-^o-än \nÀ-an-¡p¶ tKmIp-ew K-tedn-b F-¶ amÄ hÀ-jm-h-km-\-t¯m-sS {] hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n¡pw. dn-e-b³-kv ssl-¸À amÀ-¡äv, Sm-ä-bp-sS Un-¸mÀ-«vsaâ v tÌmdm-b sh-kv-ä-vsskUv, sa-Iv-kn-¡³ kn-\n-am irw-J-ebm-b kn\n-s]m-fn-kn-sâ B-dv kv-{Io-\p-IÄ, kv-]m-\n-jv {_m³-Up-Ifm-b Pm-¡v B³-Uv tPm¬-kv, shcm-tam-U F-¶n-hbv-¡v ]pd-sa sIF-^vkn, aIvsUmWmÄUv, hp-Uv-em³-Uv, F-¶n-hbpw tKm-Ip-ew K-te-dnb-bn-ep-≠m-Ipw. sIm-¨nbv¡v tjm-¸nw-Kn-sâbpw hn-t\mZ-¯n-sâ-bpw \-hym-\p`-hw ]-Icms\m-cp-§p-I-bm-Wv FwPn tdmUn Db-cp¶ skâÀ kv-Iz-bÀ amÄ. Pq¬ am-k-t¯m-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\-am-cw-`n¡m-s\m-cp-§p-¶ am-fn 11 kv-{Io-\p-Å kn\nt]mfnkv aÄ-«n-s¹-Iv-km-Wv hn-`mh\w sN-bv-Xn-«p-Å-Xv. 2100Hm-fw ko-äp-I-fp-Å Fw-Pn tdm-Un-se B-Zy aÄ-«ns¹-Iv-kv Xn-b-äÀ Iq-Sn-bm-Ipw CsX¶v A-kn-Ìâ v sshkv {]-knUâ v _n-tPm-bv tPm¬ ]-d-bp¶p. ]mÀ -¡nw-Kv kuI-cyw Xo-sc-bnÃm-¯ Fw-Pn tdm-Un aq¶v s_-bv-kv-saân an-I-¨ ]mÀ-¡nw-Kv ku-I-cy-am-Wv skâÀ kv-Iz-b-dn-ep-Å-Xv. -sk³-{S F-¶ Un-¸mÀ-«vsaâ v tÌmdpw skâÀ kv-Iz-bÀ am-fn-eqsS B-Zy-am-bn tI-c-f-¯n-se¯pw. amÄ Hm-^v tPm-bv F-¶ t]-cn tPm-bv B-ep-¡mkpw Cu cwK¯v km¶n[yw Dd-¸n¡p-I-bm-Wv. Xr-iq-cn a-e-_mÀ {Kq-¸n-sâ amÄ 22 G-¡dnem-Wv hn`m-h\w sN-bv-Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. Iq-Sm-sX hnhn-[ -{Kq-¸p-I-fp-tS-Xmbpw \nc-h[n amfp-IÄ AWnb-d-bn Hcp-§p-¶p≠v. h³InS am-fp-IÄ¡v {]-hÀ¯n-¡-W-sa-¦n c-≠v G-¡-dn-te-sd Ø-ehpw aq-¶-c e-£w N-Xpc-{ib-Sn hn-kv-XoÀ-®-hpw th-W-sa-¶ncns¡ C-{Xbpw am-fp-I-fp-sS B-[nIyw H-cpX-c-¯nepw sN-dpInS ta-Je-sb _m-[n-¡n-söv Cu ta-J-e-bn-ep-Å-h-À Nq­≠n-¡m-Wn-¡p¶p.


BtcmKyw

kaqlw Häs¸-Sp-¯nb

H-cp Iq-«w a-\p-j A-ta-cn-¡-bn-se lhmbn Zzo-] k-aq-l-¯n-se samtfm-t¡m-bv F-¶ H-ä-s¸-« Xp-cp-¯n Ip-jvT-tcm-KnIÄ-¡m-bn Po-hn-¨v A-hcnsem-cm-fm-bn a-cn-¨, ^m-ZÀ Um-an-b³ F¶ ssh-ZnI-sâ kv-a-c-WmÀ-°amWv 1952 Um-an-b³ C³-Ìn-äyq-«v Øm-]n-X-am-Ip¶Xv

Uman-b³ tlmkv]n-äÂ

Uman-b³ C³Ìn-äyq«v

e£van \mcm-bW³

In-g-¡³ a-e-ap-I-fnÂ\n¶pw shÅnta-L-§-sf Io-dn-ap-dn¨v kq-cy-sâ t\À-¯ c-iv-an-IÄ B Ip-¶n-\p

ap-I-fn-te-¡v F-¯n- Xp-S-§n-b-tX-bpÅq. {]-IrXn-tbmsSm-¸w k-I-e Po-h-Pm-e-§fpw \n-{Z-bp-sS B-e-ky¯n \n¶pw D-WÀ-¶p Xp-S§n, H-¸w A-h-\pw. t\-cw ]-c]-cm sh-fp-¯p Xp-S-§p-t¼m-tg¡pw C³-kvän-äyq-«n-sâ A-Sp-¡-f hm-Xn¡ H-cp a-Wn-In-ep-¡w tIÄ-¡mw. A-Xp tI-« DS-s\ ]mN-Iw sNbv-X {]`m-X `£-Ww Nq-tSm-sS ]m-{X-§-fn-em-¡n _o-lm-dn-Ifmb B ]m-N-I-¡mÀ ssI-h-≠n-bn \n-d-bv¡pw. \n-tbm-Kw t]mse, I-gp-¯n sI-«nb a-Wn-Inep-¡n-s¡m-≠v h-≠n-bp-sS km-cYyw ]n-¶o-Sv a-Wn-IWvT³ G-sä-Sp-¡pw. 110 G-¡À hn-kv-Xr-Xamb B Ip-¶n-sâ I-b-ähpw C-d-¡hpw I-gnª 6 hÀ-j-am-bn Ah-sâ Po-hn-X-N-cy-bp-sS `m-K-am-bn-¡-gnªp. ] pd-sa \n-¶p t\m-¡p-¶-hÀ-¡v a-Wn-I-WvT³ 9 h-b-ÊpÅ H-cp Im-f-am-{X-amWv. F-¶m Xr-iqÀ PnÃ-bn-se ap-f-b¯v, Ip-¶n³ ap-I-fn- Øn-Xn sN-¿p-¶ Um-anb³ C³-kv-än-äyq-«n\pw A-hn-Sp-s¯ 85 ]-cw Ip-jvTtcm-Kn-IÄ¡pw a-Wn-I-WvT³ k-l-Po-hn kv-t\-l-¯nsâ ]-cym-b-amWv. Um-an-b³ C³-Ìn-äyq-«n\v \-t½m-Sv ]-d-bm-\p-ÅXpw A-Xp-Xs¶, a-Wn-I-WvT-s\-¶ \ mÂ-¡m-en-bp-sS k-l-Po-hn kv-t\-l-¯n-sâbpw IpjvT-tcm-K-¯n-sâ t]-cn A-h-K-Wn-¡-s¸-« H-cp Iq-«w a-\p-jy-cp-sSbpw I-Y. C³-Ìn-äyq-«nsâ Hmtcm ap¡pw aq-ebpw a-Wn-I-WvT-\v kp-]-cn-Nn-Xw. Zn-h-k-hpw aq¶v t\-cw tcm-Kn-IÄ-¡m-bp-Å `-£-W-hp-am-bn Ah³ Cu Ip-¶v I-b-dn-bn-d-§p¶p. A-Sp-¡-f ap-ä-¯p-\n-¶m-cw`n-¡p-¶ bm-{X A-h-km-\n-¡p¶-Xv Um-an-b³ B-ip]-{Xn-¡p ap-¶n-emWv. A-hnsS 40 ]-cw tcm-Kn-IÄ Ip-jvT-tcm-K-¯n-\v Nn-InÕ tX-Sp¶p. B-ip-]-{Xn-¡-cnIn F-¯n-bm-ep-S³ a-Wn-I-WvT³ X-sâ I-gp-¯n sI-«n-bn-cn-¡p-¶ a-Wn In-ep-¡pw. B i-Ðw tI-«me-dnbmw tcm-Kn-IÄ¡v, A-hÀ-¡p-Å `-£-W-hp-am-bn c-£-I³ F-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p-sh¶v. ]n-s¶ H«pw A-am-´n-¡nÃ; Hm-tcm-cp-¯-cm-bn h-¶v X-§-fp-sS hn-ln-Xw `-£n-¡m-\m-bn F-Sp-¡pw. a-Wn-I-WvT³ ho≠pw bm-{X Xp-S-cpw, C¯-h-W B-ip-]{Xn h-f-¸n \n-¶pw 10 In-tem-ao-äÀ A-I-se-bpÅ tIm-t«-Pp-I-fm-Wv e-£yw. tcm-K hn-ap-àsc¦nepw ho-«n-te-¡v Xn-cn¨pt]m-Im-\m-Im-sX D-t]-£n-¡-s¸-«-hÀ-¡v kz-Im-cy Po-hn-X-¯n-\mbn Cu tIm-t«-Pp-I-fn ku-Icy-samcp-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. 30 ]-cw tIm-t«-PpIÄ. H-cp ap-dn, h-cm-´, A-Sp-¡-f F-¶ co-Xn-bn a-t\m-l-cam-b ]q-

60

t´m-«-t¯m-Sv Iq-Sn \nÀ-½n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶ Hmtcm Xn-cn-sI sIm≠p-t]m-Im³ hn-k-½-Xn-¨tIm-t«-Pn-\-I¯pw "a-cn-¨p Po-hn-¡p¶' a\pt¸mÄ A-hÀ-¡p Iq-Sn kw-c£-Ww \Â-tIjy-cmWv. tcm-Kw am-dn-sb-¦nepw Aw-K-ssh≠ A[nINpa-X-e C³-kv-än-äyq-«n-\p-≠mbn. Ieyw _m-[n-¨hÀ, Imgv-N \-ã-s¸-«-hÀ... R-§Ä 1990 I-fp-sS B-cw-`-¯n A-t´`-£-W ]m-{X-hp-am-bn a-Wn-In-ep-¡n a-Wnhm-knI-sf DÄ-s¡m-Ån¨p-sIm≠v, A-Xn I-WvT-s\-¯p-t¼mÄ C-hÀ-¡m-izm-k-amWv. Po-h-\-¯n-\m-bn Ir-jn-bn-te-¡v I-S¶p. H-ä-s¸-S-en-sâ Xp-cp-¯n k-l-hÀ-¯n-Xzhpw hm-g, hn-hn-[-bn-\w ]-¨-¡-dnIÄ, ]-g-hÀ-Kkv-t\-lhpw ]-¦p-sh-¡p-hm³ C-h-s\-¦n-ep-ap§Ä F¶n-h Ir-jn sN-¿p-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w ] ≠tÃm F-t¶mÀ¯v. ip, F-cp-a, ]-¶n F-¶n-h-bp-sS hn-im-eam-b A-ta-cn-¡-bn-se lhmbn Zzo-] k-aq^mapw Um-an-b³ C³-Ìn-äyq-«n Bcw-`nl-¯n-se sam-tfm-t¡m-bv F-¶ H-ä-s¸-« ¨n«p≠v. tcm-K-hn-ap-à-cm-b-hcmWv {][m-\ Xp-cp-¯n Ip-jvT-tcm-Kn-IÄ-¡m-bn Po-hn-¨v IÀ-jIsc¦nepw DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä hn-]-Wn-I^m BâWn A-hcn-sem-cm-fm-bn a-cn-¨, ^m-ZÀ Um-an-b³ fn hnÂ-¡p-hm³ km-[n-¡p-¶nÃ. Um-antat¨-cn F¶ ssh-ZnI-sâ kv-a-c-WmÀ-°w 1952 emb³ C³-Ìn-äyq-«n-se DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä hnÂWv Um-an-b³ C³-Ìn-äyq-«v Øm-]n-X-am¡nà F-¶ hm-in I-S-bp-S-a-IÄ-¡p-ap≠v. bXv. {In-kv-Xy³ cq-]X-bv¡p Io-gn-ep-Å `q-an-s¡m-¸w \qäm-≠p-IÄ¡v ap³-]v sam-tfm-t¡m-bv Zzo-]nkwØm-\ kÀ-¡mÀ A-\p-h-Zn-¨ `q-an Iq-Sn-t¨À-¶te¡v \m-Sp-I-S-¯-s¸-« Ip-jvT-tcm-Kn-tfmsSm¸w ^m-ZÀ t¸mÄ, A-¿-¸³ Im-hv F-¶ Ip-¶n³ ap-I-fn-se B Um-anb-\v I-gn-tb-≠n h¶Xn\v kam\w Xs¶-bmWv {Km-a-{]-tZ-i-¯v 110 G-¡À hn-kv-Xr-Xn-bnÂ, Ip-jvTIp-¶n³ ap-I-fnse Cu Øm-]-\-¯n ^m-ZÀ Bâtcm-Kn--IÄ-¡m-bp-Å kw-Øm\-s¯ B-Zy B-ip-]{Xn Wn ta-t¨-cn-bp-sS hmkw. Nn-InÕ-¡mbn 24 a-Wn-¡qÀ F-¶ \n-ebn Um-an-b³ C³-Ìn-äyq-«v {]-hÀ-¯-\-amk-Öam-b B-ip-]-{Xn, em_v, {]mÀ-°-\-¡m-bn ]-Åncw-`n¨p. IÄ F¶n-h Um-an-b³ C³-Ìn-äyq-«n-ep≠v. C-h-bp-sS ""BZy hÀ-j-§-fn B-ip-]{Xn A-[n-Ir-XÀ tcm{]-hÀ¯-\w s]m-Xp-P-\-§Ä-¡m-bn Xpd-¶p sIm-SpKnI-sf tX-Sn-¸n-Sn-¨v ChnsSsIm-≠p-h¶v Nn-InÕn¯n-«p-s≠-¦nepw Bcpw X-s¶ F-¯m-dnÃ. A§-s\ ¡p-am-bn-cp-¶p. 1970 I-fn tcm-Kn-I-fp-sS F-®w 1000 B-ip-]{Xn Ip-jvT-tcm-K Nn-InÕbv-¡v th-≠n am-{X-ap¯n-\-Sp-¯m-bn-cp¶p. A-¡m-e¯v, Ip-jvT-tcm-Kw Å-Xmbn. \n-b-{´-W- hn-t[-b-am-bn-cp-¶nÃ-, ]n-¶o-Sv ssh-Zyim""]p-d-sa-bp-Å e-t_m-d-«-dn-I-fn C-hn-Sp-s¯ tcmkv{Xw hn-I-kn--¨Xn-s\m-¸w tcm-Kw \n-b{´-W hn-t[Kn-I-fp-sS I^w, aq-{Xw, c-àw F¶n-h ]cn-tim-[n-¡mb-ambn. ]pXn-b tI-kp-IÄ A-[n-I-sam¶pw dn-t¸mÀ-«p \m-hn-söv A-[n-Ir-XÀ \ne-]m-sS-Sp¯Xn-sâ ^-e-amsN-¿m-Xmbn. F-¶m Ip-jvT-tcm-Kw C¶pw ]qÀ-W bm-Wv B-[p\n-I ku-I-cy-§-tfm-Sp-IqSn-b H-cp em-_v \n-b-{´-W-¯n-em-Wv F-¶p ]-d-bm-\m-hnÃ. Um-an-b³ C-hn-sS B-cw-`n-¨Xv. tcm-K-s¯-¡m-tf-sd C-hn-Sp-s¯ C³-Ìn-äyq-«v amkw-tXmdpw \-S-¯p¶ sam-ss_ tcm-KnI-sf h-e-bv¡p¶-Xv P-\-§-fp-sS A-h-K-W-\ ¢n-\n-¡Â sS-Ìp-I-fn Npcp-§n-bXv Hcmfnse¦nepw bpw A-h-Ú-bp-amWv. {]mÀ-°-\m-e-b-§-fn t]mepw tIc-f-¯n tcmKw ]pXn-b-Xmbn Is≠-¯p¶p. tcm-K-hn-ap-àn t\-Sn-b-hÀ-s¡m-¸w C-cn-¡m³ P-\-§Ä F¶m IpjvT-tcmKw NnIn-Õn¨v amäm-sa¶ XncnX-¿m-dm-Ip-¶nÃ. C-hn-Sp-s¯ A-t´-hm-kn-IÄ \nÀ¨dn-hv hn-Zym-k-¼-¶cm-b \-½p-sS k-aq-l-¯n-\nÃ. ½n-¨ a-t\m-l-c-§fm-b I-c-Iu-i-e h-kv-Xp-¡Ä t] tcm-KnIsf am{X-a-Ã, tcmKw ]qÀ®ambpw amdn-b-h-scmepw hn-]-Wn-bn \n¶pw ]p-d-´-Å-s¸«p. a-®nepw t¸mepw kaqlw Hä-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p,'' Um-an-b³ C³-kva-c-¯nepw \nÀ-½n¨ h-kv-Xp-¡-fn-eq-sS F-§-s\-bm-Wv än-äyq-«v U-b-d-ÎÀ ^mZÀ B-â-Wn ta-t¨-cn ]-d-bp¶p. tcm-Kw ]-Icp-Isb¶v a-\-Ên-em-Ip-¶nÃ,''^m-ZÀ taBZy Im-e-§-fn C³-Ìn-äyq-«n-\v kÀ-¡mÀ k-lm-bw t¨-cn ]d-bp¶p. GXp cw-K¯pw C-hn-Sp-s¯ A-t´e-`n-¨n-cp-s¶¦nepw Ct¸mÄ \n¶p. \n-e-\nÂ-¸n-\mhm-kn-IÄ-¡v A-hK-W-\ am-{X-am-Wv. hn-bÀ-s¸m-gp-¡n bp-Å h-cp-am-\w C³Ìn-äyq-«n-t\m-S-\p-_-Ôn-¨p-ff D-≠m¡n-b ImÀ-jn-I, ImÀjn-IXþC-X-c DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä dºÀ tXm«-§-fn \n¶mWv Is≠-¯p-¶-sX¶v BÀ¡pw th-≠m-sX Ip-¶p-Iq-Sn In-S-¡p¶p. kÀ-¡mÀ ^mZÀ ]d-bp-¶p. F-¶m tcm-Kw amdnb tcm-KnI-sf tc-J-I-fn A-t´-hm-kn-IÄ ]-ecpw C-Sw I-s≠-¯ntcm-Kw ]-Icptam F-¶ `-b-¯n-sâ t]-cn ho-«p-ImÀ bn-«nÃ. kÀ-¡mÀ I-\n-ª-hÀ-¡v {]-Xn-hÀ-jw e-`n-¡p-


jyÀ \qäm-≠p-IÄ¡v ap³-]v sam-tfm-t¡m-bv Zzo-]n-te¡v \m-Sp-I-S-¯-s¸-« Ip-jvTtcm-Kn-I-tfmsSm¸w ^m-ZÀ Um-anb-\v I-gn-tb-≠n h¶ Ah-Øbv¡v kam\ amWv Ip-¶n³ ap-I-fnse Cu Øm-]-\-¯n ^m-ZÀ Bâ-Wn ta-t¨cn-bp-sS hmkw. Nn-InÕ-¡mbn 24 a-Wn-¡qÀ k-Öam-b B-ip-]-{Xn, em_v, {]mÀ-°\-¡m-bn ]-Ån-IÄ F¶n-h Um-an-b³ C³-Ìn-äyq-«n-ep≠v. C-h-bp-sS {]-hÀ¯\w s]m-Xp-P-\-§Ä-¡m-bn Xpd-¶p sIm-Sp-¯n-«p-s≠-¦nepw Bcpw X-s¶ F-¯m-dnÃ. A§-s\ B-ip-]{Xn Ip-jvT-tcm-K Nn-InÕbv-¡v th-≠n am-{X-apÅ-Xmbn

e-`n-¡p-¶-tXm 25 cq-] s]³-j-\pw! Imcyw C-§s\-sbm-s¡-bm-sW-¦nepw Um-anb³ C³-kv-än-äyq-«n-se A-t´-hm-kn-IÄ \nÀ½n-¡p-¶ Ir{Xna ssIIm-epIÄ-¡v B-h-iy¡mÀ G-sd-bmWv. Ip-jvT-s¯ Xp-SÀ¶v ssIImep-IÄ \jvS-s¸-«-hsc e£y-an-«mWv Ir{Xna ssI-Im-ep-IÄ \nÀ-½n-¡p-¶- sIm-»mÀ bq-Wnäv Bcw-`n-¨-Xv. F¶m C¶v A]-I-S-§-fn- s]«v ssIIm-ep-I-Ä \jvS-am-b-hÀ hsc Ir{Xna Ahb-h-§Ä¡mbn Uman-bs\ B{i-bn-¡p-¶p. kwØm\-s¯ ]-e B-ip-]-{Xn-I-fn \n¶pw C -Xn-\v B-h-iy-¡m-sc-¯p¶p. Um-an-b-\n-se a-äv DÂ-¸-¶-§tfmSv kaqlw ImWn-¡p-¶ hnthN\w CXn-\nÃm F¶Xv asämcp sshcp-²yw. Hcp t\m-«w sIm-t≠m, kv-]À-iw sImt≠m IpjvT-tcm-Kw ]-I-cnà F-¶v a-\-Ên-em-¡m³ tI-c-f k-aq-lw C-\nbpw h-f-tc-≠-Xp≠v. ]m-e¡m-«p-Im-c\m-b ap-l½-Zv I-gn-ª 10 hÀ-j-¯nte-sd-bm-bn C-hn-Sp-s¯ A-t´-hm-kn-bm-Wv. 7 h-b-Ên tcm-K-_m-[n-X-\m-sb¯n-b AbmÄ tcm-K-hn-ap-àn t\-Sn-bn-«pw- ho-«p-ImÀ ASp-¸n-¨n-Ã. C-¶v, ap-l½Zv C-hn-sS k-t´m-j-hm-\m-bn Po-

hn-¡p¶p, X-s¶-t¸m-se D-t]-£n-¡-s¸-«-hÀ-¡v Xm§pw X-W-ep-ambn. _m_p, \mWn, Ip-©p XpS-§n H-«-\h-[n ap-l-½-Zp-amÀ C-hn-sS-bp≠v. FÃm-hÀ¡pw ]-d-bm-\pÅ-Xv hy-Xy-kv-Xam-b I-YIÄ, F-¶m FÃm I-Ybpw sN-¶-h-km-\n¡p¶-Xv A-h-K-W-\-bpsS Cu Xp-cp-¯nÂ.

IpjvT-tcmKw ssa-t{Im _m-Îo-cn-bw se]-sd F-¶ _mÎo-cn-b-bn -\n-¶p-am-Wv se-{]kn (Ip-jvTtcmKw) D-≠m-Ip-¶Xv. t\c-s¯ I-s≠-¯n Nn-InÕ \Â-Im-\m-bm ]qÀ-W-ambpw amäm³ I-gn-bp-¶ H-¶m-WnXv. tcm-KImTn\yhpw tcm-Kn-I-fn im-co-cn-Iamb sshI-ey-§Ä kr-ãn-¡p¶p. am-wkw A-gpIn, A-Øn-bn \n¶pw A-SÀ-¶p t]m-Ip¶-Xv tcm-K aqÀ-²-\y-¯n {]I-S-amIpw. icn-bmb NnInÕ \ÂIm-\m-bm Cusbm-c-h-ØF¯p-¶-sXm-gn-hm¡mw. i-co-c-¯n kv-] À-i-\-a-dn-bm-\m-Im-¯ A-h-Ø tcmK¯nsâ e-£-W-amWv; A-tXm-sSm-¸w sNm-dn-¨nÂ, Xz¡n a-ª \n-dw F¶n-hbpap-≠m-Ipw.

61


F³-BÀsF

ITn-\m-[zm-\-¯n-eq-sS Ign-hpä kw-cw-`-I\pw tlm-fo-hp-Uv -kw-hn[m-b-I-\p-am-bn amdnb tkm-l³ tdm-bv Xsâ D-tZzm-K-P-\-Iamb Po-hn-Xw F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bp-ambn ]-¦p-sh-¡p-¶p

kqcy hnP-b-Ip-amÀ

1912

G-{]n 14, {_n«sâ N-cn{X-¯n c-àwsIm≠pw I-®p-\o-cp sIm≠pw A-S-bm-f-s¸-Sp¯nb- Zn\w. Cw¥≠nse ku¯v lmw]vS¬ Xp-dapJ-¯p \n¶pw BÀFwF-kv ssS-äm-\n¡v F-¶ B-Uw-_-c- I-¸-ensâ \yqtbmÀ-¡v \-K-c-¯n-te-¡p-Å I-¶n-bm-

62

{Xmthf. cm-PIo-b k-¶ml-§-tfmsS c-≠m-bn-c-¯n-e-[n-Iw bm-{X-¡m-cp-ambn Xn-cn-¨ I-¸Â t\mÀ-¯v A-äv-emân-¡v k-ap-{Z-¯nÂsh-¨v a-ªp-a-e-bn C-Sn¨p. a-ªp-]m-fn-bp-sS cq-]-¯n k-ap{Zw H-cp-¡nh-¨n-cp-¶ a-c-W-¯n-sâ I-b-§-fnte-¡v ssS-äm-\n-¡v ap-§n-¯m-Wp. 1502 a-\p-jyPo-h\pIÄ I-hÀ-¶ Cu A-] I-Sw ]n-¶o-Sv sP-bnw-kv Im-a-dq-Wn-sâ A-hmÀ-Up-IÄ hm-cn-¡q«nb hn-iz-hn-Jym-

Xamb tlm-fo-hp-Uv Nn-{Xw ssS-äm-\n-¡n\v ImcWam-hp-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp. ssS-äm-\n¡n-t\m-fw `o-I-c-a-sÃ-¦nepw bp-sI-bn \-S-¶ I-¸Â A]-I-S-¯n\v k-am-\am-b ]-eXpw \-½p-sS cm-Py¯pw \-S-¶n-«p-≠v. A-¯-c-¯n \S-¶ H-cp I-¸Â A-]ISw {]i-kvX-amb a-säm-cp tlm-fo-hp-Uv kn-\n-a- Umw 999\v B[m-c-ambn. C-Xn\p Im-c-Wamb A-] I-Sw kw`-hn-¨Xv 1992 apw-ss_- Xpd-ap-J¯p \n¶pw bm-{X-]p-d-s¸-« H-cp C-´y³ B-Uw-_-c I-¸-en-\m-Wv. bm{X-¡m-scbpw h-ln¨p-sIm-≠v A-d-_n¡-S-en-eq-sS k-©-cn-¨ I-¸-en cm{Xn A-{]-Xo£nX-am-bm-Wv Xo-]n-Sp-¯w D≠m-bXv. kn-en-≠-dp-IÄ s]m-«n-s¯-dn-¨v B-fn-¸-SÀ-¶ Xo-tKm-f-§Ä H-cp a-\p-jy Poh-s\ am{Xw _m-¡nh-¨v \n-an-jt\cwsIm-≠v I-¸-en-s\bpw bm-{X-¡mscbpw A-¸m-sS hn-gp-§n. sImÃw kz-tZ-inbmb tkm-l³ tdm-bv F-¶ sN-dp-¸-¡m-c-\m-bn-cp-¶p A-án-¡n-c-bmIm-sX c-£-s¸« H-tc-sbm-cp a-\p-jy³. Ip-km-änÂ\n¶pw t\-h BÀ-¡nsS-În _n-sS-¡v t\-Sn apw-ss_-bn-se B-Uw-_-c-I-¸-en a-ssd³ F³-Pn-\o b-dm-bn tPm-en-¡p I-bdnb tkml-sâ I-¶n bm-{X-bm-bn-cp-¶p A-Xv. F¶m A-]-I-S-t¯m-sS B bp-hm-hn\v ap-f-bnse I-cn-ªp-t]mb kz-]v-\-§-fp-am-bn ]n-d-¶ a-®n Xn-cn-sIsbt¯-≠n h¶p. i-co-c-¯n-\v G-ä ap-dn-hp-I-sf¡mÄ h-ep-Xm-bn-cp-¶p a-\-Ên-t\äXv. A-]-I-S-¯n-sâ B-Lm-X-¯nÂ\n¶pw I-c-I-b-dm³ B-dpam-k-sa-Sp¯p. hn{i-a-Po-hn-Xw I-gn-ªv \m-«nÂ\n¶pw Xn-cn-sI tPm-en-bn {]-th-in-¡m-dm-b k-abw. k-l{]hÀ¯Icmcpw A-th-tijn-¨n-«nÃm-¯ temIt¯¡p-Å a-S-¡bm-{X-sb-¡p-dn-¨v Nn-´n-¨v hn-j-an-¨n-cp¶ k-a-b-¯v ssZ-h\n-tbm-Kw t]m-se H-cp I-¯p h-¶p. anUn CuÌv F-¶ kz]v-\-temIs¯ {]-i-kv-Xam-b H-cp I-¼-\n-bn-se A-t¸m-bv³-saâ v HmÀUÀ. thZ-\-IÄ k½m-\n¨ apwss_ Xpd-ap-J-t¯mSv hn-S ]-d-ªv bpF-Cbn-te¡v ]-d-¶-tXmsS tkm-l³ tdm-bv F¶ sImïp-Imcsâ- Po-hn-X-¯n-se "Szn-kv-äp'-Ifpw "tS-Wnw-Kp'-Ifpw Xp-S-§p-

I-bmbn. ITn-\m-[zm-\-¯n-eq-sS Ign-hpä kwcw-`-I\pw tlm-fo-hp-Uv -kw-hn-[m-b-I\p-am-bn amdnb tkm-l³ tdm-bv Xsâ DtZzmK-P-\-Iamb Po-hn-Xw F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bp-ambn ]-¦p-sh-¡p-¶p.. kn\n-a F-¶ kz-]v\w Ip-km-än-se _n-sS-¡v hn-ZymÀ-°n-bmbn-cp-¶ Imew. tkm-lsâ a\-Êp\nd -sb kn\n-a F-¶ kz-]v-\w am-{X-w. F-§-s\-sb-¦nepw kn-\n-am-¡m-c-\m-IW-sa-¶ B-{K-l-t¯m-sSbpÅ Imw] kv Po-hnXw. sN-dp-{]m-b-¯nÂX-s¶ kz-bw ]-cym-]v-X-X io-en-¸n-¨n-cp-¶ A[ym-]-I\mb A-Ñ\,v aI³ _n-cp-Z ] T-\-¯n-\pti-jw kn-\n-a-bv-¡v ]n-¶m-se e-£y-anÃm-sX ]m-bp¶-Xv k-ln-¡m-hp¶-Xnepw A-¸p-d-am-bn-cp-¶p. aI-sâ kn-\n-am-{`-a¯n-\v X-S-bnSm³ A-ѳ kzo-I-cn-¨ amÀ-¤-s¯-¡pdn¨vv tkm-l³ tdm-bv ]-d-bp-¶-Xn§s\ ""sN-dp-¸w apXte, sN-¿p-¶ Hmtcm tPm-en¡pw H-cp sNdn-b Xp-I A-ѳ X-cp-am-bn-cp¶p. A-[zm-\-¯n-sâ ]mT§Ä C-Xn-eq-sS ]Tn-¸n-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. AXp-sIm≠vv Hmtcm \m-W-b-¯n-sâbpw hn-e F-\n-¡v A-dn-bm-w. tIm-sf-Pn ] Tn-¡p-¶ k-a-b-am-b-t¸m-tg¡pw A-Ñt\ bpw A-½-tbbpw B-{i-bn-¡m-sX Pohn-¡m³ ]Tn-¨p-. Imw-]-kv h-f-¸n ss{U-¢o-\nw-Kv I-S \-S-¯n-bm-Wv ]T-\¯n-\p-Å sNe-hv I-s≠-¯n-bn-cp-¶Xv. ]-t£, _n-sS-¡v ]T-\w I-gn-ª-t¸mtg¡pw a-\-Ên kn\n-a F-§s\tbm I-b-dn-¡qSn. A-Xv h-ensbm-cp kz-]v\-am-bn. B kz-]v-\-¯n-\p ]n-¶m-sebp-Å ]m-¨n-en-\n-S-bv-¡v A-ѳ ]Tn-¸n-¨ hn-e-tbdn-b Po-hn-X-]mT-§Ä ]-eXpw a-d¶p. \nXy-sNe-hn-\p t]m epw AÑ-s\ B-{i-bn-t¡-≠nh¶p. Fsâ Cu e-£y-anÃm¯ t]m-¡v A-{X ]-´n-bà F-¶v AÑ-\v s]s«¶v a-\-Ênembn, t]-gv-kn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-¶ 1000 cq-] sh-¨p \o-«n-bn-«p ]-dªp. "C-tXm-sS \ns¶ k-lm-bn-¡p¶-Xv A-h-km-\n¨p. \n\-¡v H-cp Un-{Kn-bp≠v. F-hn-sS-bmsW-¶psh-¨m t]m-bn kz-´-am-bn tPm-en I-s≠-¯n Po-hn¡v'. C-Xv F-sâ


hy-ànPo-hn-X-¯n-epw Hu-tZym-Kn-IPo-hn-X-¯nepw ]p-Xp-a-I-fpw sshhn-²yhpw sIm-≠p-h¶ tkm-l³tdm-bv kz-´w I-¼-\n-¡v {Ko-¡v bp-²-tZ-h\m-b G-cn-kn-sâ t]-cp \Â-In-b-Xv kzm-`m-hn-Iw

I-®p-Xp-d-¸n-¨p. A-§-s\-bm-Wv t_mw-s_-bv-¡v h-≠n I-b-dp-¶Xv. A-Xm-bn-cp-¶p Po-hn-X-¯n-se B-Zy N-hn-«p-]-Sn. A-Xn-eq-sS ]n-s¶ anUn CuÌnte-¡pw A-{im-´ ]-cn-{i-a-¯neqsS G-cn-kv {Kq¸v Hm-^v I-¼-\okn sâ No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«nhv Hm^o-kÀ ]-Z-hn-bn-te¡pw D-bÀ¶p.'' G-cnkv F¶ t]m-cm-fn bpF-C-bnse ^p-tP-d- F-¶ Ø-e-¯v I-¼-\n-bp-sS Hu-tZymKn-I ]cn-tim[\ ta-J-eb -- n tPm-en sN¿p-t¼mgpw ]Tn-¨ hn-Zy a-d-¡m³ tkml³ X-¿m-dm-bnÃ. tPm-en-tbm-sSm-¸w k-am-´-c-am-bn I-¸Â Un-ssk-\nw-Kpw sN-bv-Xp. A-ѳ ]-IÀ-¶p \ÂIn-b kz-bw-]-cym-]v-X-X-bp-sS _m-e]mT-§Ä I-\Ât]m-se a-\-Ên In-S-¶n-cp¶ Cu Xobpw Ad-_n\m-«n B-dp-hÀ-jwsIm-≠v t\Sn-b {]-hr¯n]-cn-N-bhpw "G-cn-kv' F¶ I-¼-\n Xp-S-§m³ {]-tNm-Z-\-am--bn. tPm-ensN-bvXv t\Sn-b k-¼mZyw sIm≠v 1998 G-cn-kv B-cw-`n¨p. ]-Xn\-©phÀ-jwap-¼v jmÀ-P BØm-\-am-bn Xp-S§nb G-cn-kv {Kq-¸v Hm-^v I-¼-\oknsâ Io-gn C-¶v 28 Øm]-\§fp-≠v. a-ssd³ F³-Pn-\o bdn-wKv, I¬-kÄ-«³kn, Câo-cn-bÀ Un-ssk-\nw-Kv, Sq-dnkw, sS-en-Im-ÌnwKv, eo-K sk F-¶n§-s\ 28 hy-Xykv-X ta-J-e-I-fn \n-ch-[n cmPy-§-fn-embn G-cnkv {Kq-¸v Øm-\w D-d-¸n¨p-I-gn-ªp. C-¯-c-¯n hyànPo-hn-X-¯n-epw Hu-tZym-Kn-IPo-hnX-¯nepw ]p-Xp-a-I-fpw ssh-hn-²yhpw sIm-≠p-h¶ tkm-l³ tdm-bv kz-´w I-¼-\n-¡v {Ko-¡v bp-²-tZ-h\m-b G-cnkn-sâ t]-cp \Â-In-b-Xv kzm-`m-hn-Iw. ""FÃm-¯n-epw ]pXpa sIm-≠phcn-I, Bcpw ]-co-£n-¡m-¯ \ho-\ B-i-b§-sf {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡n hn-P-bn-¸n¡p-I F-¶p-Å-Xm-Wv F-sâ e-£yw. R-§-fp-sS I-¼-\n-bp-sS {]hÀ-¯-\co-Xn-bn t]m-epw hy-Xy-kvX-X-bp-≠v. A-©p Zn-h-k-am-Wv R-§fp-sS {]-hÀ-¯n Zn-\§Ä. hy-hkm-b ta-J-e-bp-sS im-]am-b lÀ-¯m-ep-

IÄ A-Im-c-W-am-bn D-≠mbn«pw R-§-fp-sS I-¼-\n-bp-sS sIm¨n Hm-^o-kn-sâ {]-hÀ-¯n Zn-\-§Ä \m-ep Zn-h-k-am-bn Npcp-§n-bn-«nÃ. C-S-Zn-h-k-§-fn lÀ-¯m h-¶m i-\n-bm-gv-¨ {]-hÀ-¯n¡pw. F-§-s\-bm-bmepw 208 a-Wn-¡qÀ Ir-Xy-am-bn tPm-en sN-bv-Xv ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡W-sa-¶m-Wv I¼-\n \-bw.'' 400e-[n-Iw h-cp-¶ Po-h-\-¡mÀ¡v tIh-ew i-¼-fZm-Xm-hv am-{X-aà G-cnkv, ]I-cw A-hcpsS a-säm-cp ho-Sp Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. G-cnkn-se sXm-gn ]-cn-ioe-\ I-emh-[n aq-¶p hÀ-jamWv. aq-¶p hÀ-jw I-gn-bp-¶tXm-sS Po-h-\-¡mÀ G-cn-kv Ip-Spw-_-¯nse Øn-cw Aw-K§fm-Ipw. C-h-À-¡v s]³-j\pw a-äv B-\p-Iq-ey-§fpw \Â-Ip¶-tXm-sSm-¸w Po-h\¡m-cpsS hr-²cm-b am-Xm-]n-Xm¡Ä-¡pw H-cp \nÝn-X Xp-I s]³-j-\m-bn \Â-Ip-sa¶Xv G-cn-kn-sâ am{Xw {]-tXy-I-Xbm-Wv. C-tXm-sSm¸w tPm-en e-`n-¡p-t¼mÄ X-s¶ s{I-Unäv ImÀUv, U-_n-äv ImÀUv, tem¬þ{]-tem-`-\-§-fn Ip-c-p§m³ km-[y-X-bpÅ C-¶-s¯ bp-h-X-e-ap-d-bp-sS ]p ¯³ {]-h-W-XI-sf I¼-\n C¡-tWm-an-Iv Iu¬-kn-enwKneq-sS sN-dp-¡p¶p. ""tPm-en In-«p-t¼mÄ X-s¶ In-«m-hp-¶nS-¯p \n¶pw tem-sW-Sp-¯v Po-hn-Xw I-Ss¡-Wn-bn-em-¡n-b \n-ch-[n sN-dp-¸-¡mÀ F-sâ I-¼-\n-bnepw D-≠m-bn-cp¶p. CsXm-cp \à {]-h-W-X Aà F¶p tXm-¶n-b-tXm-sS I¼-\n X-s¶ Iu¬-kn-enw-Kv \ÂIm³ Xp-S§n. C-Xv hen-b am-äw D-≠m¡n. In-«p-¶ i¼-fw F§-s\ ^-e-{]-Z-ambn hn\n-

tbm-Kn-¡-W-sa¶pw k-¼m-Zy io-ew h-fÀt¯-≠-sX-§-s\-sb-¶p-ap-Å Znim-t_m-[w Po-h-\-¡mÀ-¡v D-≠mbn,'' tkm-l³ tdm-bv ]d-bp¶p. kn\n-a F-¶ am{´n-I-h-ebw G-cn-kn-eq-sS _n-kn-\-kv hn-P-b§Ä sh-«n-¸n-Sn-¡p-t¼mgpw kn\n-a A-S-§m¯ tam-l-am-bn tkm-l\n A-h-ti-jn-¨p. kwcw-`I Po-hn-X-¯nÂ\n¶pw kn\n-a F-¶ am-bn-I-tem-I-t¯-¡v F-¯n-b-Xns\-¡p-dn¨v A-t±-lw ]-d-bp-¶-Xn§-s\, ""kw-cw-`-I\m-b-t¸mgpw kn-\n-a-tbm-Sp-Å C-ãw Rm³ I-f-ªnÃ. ]-s£ H-cp A-kn-kv-äâ v U-b-dÎ-dm-bn kn-\n-am Po-hn-Xw Xp-S-§m-\p-Å k-abhpw km-h-Im-i-hpw CÃm-bn-cp¶p. A-Xn-\m  tlm-fo-hp-Uv ^nenw C³-Ìn-äyq-«n t]mbn ^nenw U-b-d-£³ tIm-gvkv ]Tn¨p. ] T-\-¯n-sâ `m-K-am-bn kn-\n-a-bp-am-bn _-Ôs¸« H-cp t{]m-P-Îv sN-¿-W-am-bn-cp¶p. Hu-tZym-Kn-IPo-hn-X-¯n \n¶pw A[n-I Im-ew hn-«p\nÂ-¡m³ km-[n-¡nÃm-bncp¶p. A-XpsIm-≠v F-sâ ta-J-e-bp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-« F-s´-¦nepw t{]m-P-Îv sN-¿m³ Xo-cp-am-\n¨p. A-§-s\-bm-Wv a-ssd-t\-gv-kn\m-bn H-cp Nm-\ F-¶ Bi-bw D-≠mIp-¶-Xv. tem-I-¯n-se Xs¶ B-Zy-s¯ 24 a-Wn¡qÀ amcn-ssSw Nm-\-em-b a-ssd³ _n-kv Snhn P-\n-¡p-¶-Xv C-§-s\bmWv. Nm-\ F§-s\ Xp-S-§Ww, D-Å-S-¡-§Ä F-s´m-s¡-bmhWw F-¶o Im-cy-§-sf-¡pdn-¨v bm-sXm-cp [m-c-Wbpw CÃm-bn-cp¶p. \n-Ý-b-ZmÀ-Vyw Xp-dp-¸p-No-«m¡n - Nm-\ B-cw-`n¨p. C-¶v a-ssd³ tem-I-¯n-sâ Hu-tZymKn-I hmÀ-¯m-Nm-\-em-Wv a-ssd³ _n-kv Snhn.'' assd³ _nknsâ hn-P-b-am-Wv A-{`-]mfnbn-te-¡pÅ tkm-l³ tdm-bp-sS ImÂ-sh¸n-\v Im-c-W-am-b-Xv. ssN-\-bn-se _-¦m-hq Umw X-IÀ-¶-Xn-s\ B-kv-]-Z-am-¡n-bpÅ Umw-kvþ Z se-X hm-«À t_mw-_v F¶ tUm-Iyp-saâ-dn-bp-sS kw-hn-[m-\-¯neqsS tkm-l³ kn-\nam-tem-I-¯v ]n-¨sh¨pXpS§n. 23 A-´À-tZio-b A-hmÀ-Up-IÄ hm-cn¡q«nb tUm-Iyp-saâ-dn ]n-¶o-Sv Umw 999 F-¶- tlm-fo-hpUvv kn-\n-a-bv¡v h-gn-Im-«nbm-bn. tkm-l³ tdm--bpsS I-¶n-bm-{X-bn-se A-]-I-S-hpw tI-c-f-kw-kv-¡m-c-hpw apÃ-s¸-cnbmÀ {]-iv-\hpw C-S-I-eÀ¯n kw-hn-[m-\w sNbv-X Cu kn\n-a-bv-¡v hn-aÀ-i-\-§-fp-sS Iqc¼vv G-sä-¦n-epw, ]nÂ-¡m-e¯vv tKmÄU³ dq-kv-äÀ ]p-c-kv-Im-c-apĸ-sS \n-ch-[n A-´À-tZio-b AwKoIm-c-§Ä e-`n¨p. hmÀWÀ {_tZgvkv I¼\n \nÀ-½m-Xm-¡fm-b kn-\n-a-bp-sS Xnc¡-Y Hm-kv-¡mÀ sse-{_-dnbn-te-¡v Xn-c-sª-Sp-¡-s¸«p. B-Zy kn-\nam kw-cw-`-¯n-eq-sS Xs¶ Hm-kv-¡m-dn-sâ ]-Sn-hm-Xn-¡-se¯nb tkm-l³ tdmbnbpsS c-≠ma-s¯ kn-\n-a sk-bvâ v {Um¡p-f 3Dbv¡v Ignª Hm-kv-¡mdn aq¶v hn`m-K-§-fn-embn \mev t\man-t\-j-\p-IÄ e`n¨p. hn-hm-Z-§Ä hn-P-b-¯n-te-¡p-Å N-hn«p]-Sn-bm-sW-¶v hn-iz-kn-¡p¶ tkm-l³ C-äm-en-b³ \m-hn-I-À \-S¯nb tI-cf-s¯ sR-«n¨ I-SÂ-s¡mesb B-kv-]-Z-am-¡n aq-¶ma-s¯ kn\n-a Xp-S-§m-\p-Å X-¿msd-Sp-¸p-I-fn-emWv. C-tXm-sSm-¸w X-sâ c-≠ma-s¯ Nm-\ kw-cw-`-am-b sa-Un _n-kv Sn-hn-bp-sS s{]m-U-£³ lu-kv sIm¨n-bn B-cw-`n-¨p I-gnªp. B-tcm-Ky ta-J-e-bv-¡m-bn 10 anÃy¬ tUm-fÀ ap-X ap-S-¡n Xp-S-§p-¶ Nm-\ D-S³ X-s¶ kw-t{]£-Ww B-cw-`n-¡pw. kn-\na-sb {]-W-bn-¡p-¶ kw-c-w`-I³ F-¶-dn-b-s¸-Sm³ B-{K-ln-¡p¶ tkm-l³ tdm-bnbp-sS kwcw`-I ]-co-£-W-§Ä \n-c-h-[n-bm-Wv \yq-P-\-td-j³ kw-cw-`-§Ä tI-c-f-¯n-se hn-ZymÀ-Yn-IÄ C³-U-kv-{Snbp-sS B-hiyw A-dn-ªv tPm-en sN-¿m³ {]m-]vX-cà F-¶ hn-aÀ-i-\-§Ä-¡p-Å D-¯c-am-Wv G-co-kv I¼-\n \-S-¯p-¶ s{S-bn-\nw

-Kv C³-kv-än-äyq-«v. sF-Sn-sF ap-X F³ Pn-\ob-dn-wKv h-sc-bp-Åh-sc C³-U-kv-{Snbp-sS B-h-iy-§-f-\p-k-cn-¨v sa-cp-¡n-sb-Sp¡p-¶ ]T-\-I-f-cn-bm-Wv C-Xv . \m-ep-Znh-kw sIm-≠v ]Tn-t¡≠ ]mT-§Ä \m-eq-aWn-¡qÀ sIm-≠v ]Tn-s¨-Sp-¡m³ hn-ZymÀ°nI-sf C-hn-sS k-Ö-am¡n-b hn-jz ¢m-kvdqw k-lm-bn-¡p¶p. A-Xym-[p\n-I kw-hn-[m-\-§-fp-Å hn-jz ¢m-kvdqw, kn\n-a Im-Wp-¶ em-L-h-t¯m-sS ]mT-§Ä hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ-¡v A-\p-`-h-th-Zy-am-¡p-¶p. C-hnsS ]Tn-¡p-¶ Hmtcm hn-ZymÀ-°n-tbbpw A-h-cp-sS \n-e-hm-c-a-\p-k-cn-¨v G-cnkvv Xs¶ dn-{Iq-«v sN-¿p¶p-. F³-Pn-\ob-dn-wKv hn-ZymÀ°n-IÄ-¡v A-hÀ Xn-c-sª-Sp-¯ ta-J-ebn Iq-Sp-X K-thj-Ww \-S-¯m-\m-bn dn-kÀ-¨v C³-kv-än-äyq-«v Xp-S-§m-\p-Å ]-²-Xnbpw G-cn-kv {Kq-¸n-\p-≠v. 25 aney¬ tUmf-dn-sâ ]pXnb t{]m-P-Îv tI-c-f-¯n-te-¡v sIm-≠p-h-cm-\p-Å {i-a-¯n-em-Wv G-cnkv . hn-ZymÀ-°n-I-fn am-{X-aà ho-«-½-am-cnepw Hmtcm C³-U-kv-{Sn¡pw A\p-tbm-Pyam-b I-gn-hp-IÄ H-fn-ªn-cn-¸p-s≠-¶ Xn-cn-¨dnthm-sS ho-«-½-am-sc kwc-w`I tem-I-t¯-¡v ssI-]n-Sn-¨p \-S-¯m-\pÅ ]-cn-io-e-\-§fpw Im-cy-£-a-am-bn G-cnkv kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶p. I-¼-\n-bp-sS "hn-j³ 2020' sâ `m-Kw Iq-Snbm-Wv Cu ]-²-Xn. k-a-c tI-cfw \n-c-´cap≠m-Ip-¶ sXm-gn k-a-c-§Ä hn-I-k-\ tI-c-f-¯nsâ I-S-bv-¡Â X-s¶ tImSmen sh-¡p-¶p F-¶ ]-£-¡m-c-\m-Wv tkm-l³ tdm-bv . ""tI-c-f-¯n C-S-bv-¡n-Sbvv¡v D-≠m-Ip-¶ k-a-c-§Ä Imc-Ww D-]t`m-àm¡sf C-hn-tS-¡v B-IÀ-jn-¡m³ km-[n-¡p-¶nÃ. \-½p-sS Xp-d-ap-J-§-fn-te¡v 21 e-£w ap-X 31 e-£w h-sc-bp-Å H-cp I-s≠-bv-\À h-¶m a-Xn A-hn-sS hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ A-e-I-sf-¯m³. P-e-amÀ-¤¯n-eq-sS Np-cp§n-b sNe-hn N-c-¡p-IÄ Ib-än A-b-bv¡m³ km-[n-¡pw. Pe-K-XmKX-¯n-sâ A-\-´-km-[y-X-IÄ ^-e-{]-Zam-bn D-]-tbm-Ks¸Sp-¯m³ km-[n-¡p-¶ kw-Øm-\-am-Wv tI-cfw. F-¶m C-hn-sS hen-b Nc-¡p I-¸-ep-IÄ h-cm³ k-½-Xn-¡nsÃ-¶p am-{X-aÃ, h-¶m X-s¶ k-a-c-§Ä \S-¯n I-b-äp-aXnþC-d-¡p-a-Xn- ta-J-e-Ifn {]-Xnk-Ôn kr-ãn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. \-½p-sS a¬-X-cn-I-fn t]m-epw A-h-kc-§-fp-sS I-e-h-d-bp-≠v. Cu A-h-k-c§-sf th-≠-hn-[-¯n {]-tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯n-bm hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ ap-Ip-f-§Ä tI-c-f-¯n-sâ a-®n Xm-s\ hn-Scpw,'' B-ß-hn-izm-kt¯msS tkm-l³ tdm-bv ]-d-bp¶p.

assd³ F³-Pn-\obdmb B-Zy t\-h BÀ-¡n-sS-Îv F-¶ Kn¶-kv _-lpa-Xn C-´y-bnÂ\n¶pw B-Zy-ambn 3 Hm-kv-¡mÀ t\man-t\j-\p-IÄ t\-Snb sk-bnâ v {Um¡p-fbpsS \nÀ½m-Xmhv G-co-kv \nÀ-½n-¨ ]p¶-a-S Np≠­-\v tem-I-¯n-se G-ähpw hen-b Np≠­-\v F-¶ Kn¶-kv _p-¡v dnt¡mÀUpw enw-Im _p¡v Hm-^v dn-t¡mÀ Upw e-`n¨p

63


amt\-Pvsaâv

_n kn\Êns\ ] cnioen¸n¡pI F¶p Rm³ ]

dbpt¼mÄ \n§Ä IcpXpw AXp km[yamtWm F¶v. Ifn ] cnioen¸n¡pI F¶Xpt]mse Xs¶ hfsc s{]m^jWemb {] kp-[oÀ hÀ¯nbmbn Xs¶ \ap¡nXns\ _m_p ImWmw. kz´w Imen \n¡phm\pw hfcm\papÅ sI¸v _nkn\Êv BÀÖnt¡≠Xp≠v. Ifn¡f¯n Hs¯mcpatbmsS Ifn¡pIbpw hnPbn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ Soansâ Bthiw _nkn\Ênte¡v \ap¡p ]Icphm³ Ignªm al¯msbmcp {]Øm\w ]SpXpbÀ¯pI F¶ ZuXyw A\mbmkw \nÀÆln¡mw. Ifn¡msc ]cnioen¸n¡p¶ ]cnioeI\ntes¡m ¶p t\m¡pI. At±lw Ifnbn hfsc \n]pW\mWv. Soanse Hmtcm AwK¯ntâbpw iànbpw ZuÀ_ eyhpw Adnªv Ahsc GXp Øm\§fn Ifn¸n¡Wsa¶pw GXp coXnbnepÅ ]cnioe\amWv AhÀ¡mhiysa¶pw hyàamb [mcW At±l¯n\v D≠mbncn¡pw. FXncmfnIsf IrXyambn A]{KYn¨v AhcpsS \o¡§sf ap³Iq«n I≠v X¿mdm¡nb sKbnw ¹m\nsâ ]n³_e¯nembncn¡pw At±lw Xsâ Soans\ ]cnioen¸n¡pI. Ifn¡f¯n Hmtcm Ifn¡mc\pw AhchcpsS Øm\§fp≠v. DZmlcW¯n\v \aps¡mcp ^pSvt_m Ä Soans\sbSp¡mw. tKmfn, _m¡v, lm^v _m¡v, t^mÀthUv F¶n§s\bpÅ hnhn[ Øm\§fn GXp Ifn¡mc³ Ifn¡Ww F¶Xv ap³Iq«n \n Ýbn¡s¸«ncn¡p¶p. SoawK§fpsS Ignhpw \n]p WXbpw am{XamWv Cu XncsªSp¸n\m[mcw. Hmtcm SoawKhpw X§fpsS NpaXeIsf¡pdn¨v t_m[hm³amcmWv. hnPbn¡pI F¶Xv Soansâ Iq«p¯chmZnXzamWv. AhnsS hyàn]camb CjvSm\njvS§Ä¡v {]kànbnÃmXmhp¶p. H¯nW¡t¯msS Hcpan¨v ]ckv]cw ]¦psh¨v Ifn¨v Soans\ hnPb¯nte¡v \bn¡phm³ SoawK§Ä {ian¡p¶p. ap³Iq«n Xocpam \n¨ NSpeamb \o¡§fneqsS FXncmfnIfpsS ta A[oiXzw Øm]n¨v hnPbw IcØam¡phm³ s]mcp Xp¶ Hcp ^pSvt_mÄ Soansâ at\mhocy¯nte¡v _nkn\Êns\ F¯n¡phm³ kwc`I\p IgnbWw. Ifn¡f¯nse Ifn¡mcs\t¸mse Xsâ D¯chmZnXz§sf¡pdn¨v hyàamb [mcW _nkn\ Ênse Hmtcm tPmen¡mc\pap≠mhWw. Xm³ hensbmcp Soansâ `mKamsW¶pw Xsâ tPm en Xm³ `wKnbmbn \nÀÆln¨m am{Xta Sow hnPbn¡pIbpÅqsh¶ t_m[w AhcpsS a\ Ên thcp¶Ww. X§fpsS sKbnw ¹ms\s´¶pw AXn Xsâ tdmÄ Fs´¶pw Hmtcm hyànbpw Adnªncn¡Ww. Soans\ \bn¡p¶ \mbIs\ t¸mse kwcw`I\v Xsâ Soans\ Hcpan¨v sIm≠pt]m

64

Iphm\pw AhcpsS IgnhpIÄ ]camh[n D] tbmKn¡phm\pw IgnbWw. CXn\mbn _nkn\Êns\ hnPb¯nte¡p \bn¡p¶ am{´nItNcph (Magic Mix) Soante¡p k¶nthin¸n¡phm³ kwcw`I³ X¿mdmhWw. hnPb¯nsâ am{´nItNcph krjvSn¡p¶Xv ASnØm\aqey§fpsS Iq«nt¨À¡eneqsSbmWv. "\nbXamb aqey§Ä' (Definite Values) F¶p \ ap¡p hnfn¡mhp¶ Cu ASnØm\LSI§Ä ChbmWv. kwkv¡mcw (Culture), hyhØ (System), D¯chmZnXzw (Accountability), kwLSnXamb {]hÀ¯\w (Team Work), t\XrXzw (Leadership). _nkn\Êns\ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw Cu aqey§Ä hneaXn¡m\mhm¯XmWv. _nkn\ Ênsâ \ne\n¸pw hfÀ¨bpw Cu A©p aqey§sf tI{µoIcn¨ncn¡p¶p. XnI¨pw km[mcWw F¶p tXm¶p¶ Cu aqey§Ä _nkn\Ênte¡p k¶nthin¸n¡pI \nÊmcaÃ. s{]m^jWemb kao]\¯neqsS am{Xta AXv km[yamhq. F´mWo aqey§sf¶v \ap¡p t\m¡mw. kwkv¡mcw: Hmtcm Øm]\¯n\pw AXntâXmb kwkv¡mcap≠v. B´cnIhpw _mlyhpamb Bibhn\nabw Øm]\¯nsâ Cu kwkv¡mc¯neq¶nbmWv \S¡p¶Xv. kwkv¡mcw ]qhnsâ kuc`yw t]msebmIp¶p. _nkn\Êv {] Xn\n[m\w sN¿p¶ aqeyw F´msW¶v AXnsâ kwkv¡mcw hnfw_cw sN¿p¶p. Øm]\¯nsâ D¸¶§fpw tkh\§fpw Cu kwkv¡mcs¯ {] Xn\n[oIcn¡p¶p. DZmlcWambn "Smä' F¶ t]cv Hcp _nkn\Êv kwkv¡mcs¯ {]Xn\n[oIcn¡p¶p. SmäbpsS D¸¶§tfbpw tkh\§tfbpw hnizkn¡mw F¶ [mcW B Øm]\¯nsâ kwkv¡mc¯neqsS kaql¯nte¡v ssIamäw sN¿s¸Sp¶p. Fsâ _nkn\Êv GXp kwkv¡mcs¯ DÄs¡mÅWsa¶pw {]Xn^en¸n¡Wsa¶pw kwcw`IÀ Nn´n¡Ww. hyhØ: _nkn\Êv efnXambncn¡Ww. k¦oÀ®XIÄ _nkn\Ênsâ hfÀ¨sb XfÀ¯pIbpw apcSn¸n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p. hyànIÄ¡v IqSpX {]m[m\yw ssIhcnIbpw _nkn\Êv hyàym[njvTnXamhpIbpw sN¿pt¼mÄ "_nkn\Êv dnkv¡v' IqSp¶p. {]tXyIn¨p sshZKv[yapÅXpw KpWaqeyapÅXpamb a\pjyiànbpsS A]cym]vX XbpÅ kµÀ`§fn hyàym[njvTnXamb {]{InbIIÄ Cu dnkv¡ns\ hmt\mfapbÀ¯p¶p. D¯chmZnXzw: kz´w NpaXeIÄ Xncn¨dnbpIbpw AhbpsS ^e¯nsâ ]qÀ® D¯chmZnXzw X¶n kw£n]vXambncn¡p¶p F¶ t_m[w Dfhm¡pIbpw sN¿pt¼mÄ am{Xta Hmtcm ---------------------------------------------------------------------

tPmen¡mscsâbpw {]hÀ¯\w _nkn\Ênsâ hfÀ¨sb klmbn¡pIbpÅq. Soan Xsâ Øm\w Fs´¶pw Xsâ iànbpw ZuÀ_eyhpw Fs´¶pw hyàamb [mcW DfhmtI≠Xp≠v. F´p ^eamWv {]hÀ¯\¯n \n¶p e`nt¡≠Xv F¶Xv kphyàambncn¡Ww. ^e¯n {i²bq¶nbpÅ Hmtcm tPmen¡mscsâbpw {]hÀ¯\w _nkn\Ênsâ e£yw t\Sm³ {]m]vXam¡p¶p. _nkn\Êv F´n\p th≠n \nesImÅp¶psh¶pw AXn SoawK§fpsS tdmÄ F´msW¶pw F´v ^eamWv Ahcn \n¶pw {]Xo£n¡p¶Xv F¶Xpamb ktµiw \ÂIphm³ kwc`I\v Igntb≠Xp≠v. kwLSnXamb {]hÀ¯\w: Soansâ hnPbamWv Xsâ hnPbw F¶Xv Hmtcmcp¯cpw Xncn¨dntb≠Xp≠v. _nkn\Êpambn _Ôs¸«ncn¡p¶ FÃmhtcbpw Hcp Soambn apt¶m«v sIm≠pt]mtI≠ ISa kwc`I\p≠v. kwLSnXamb {]hÀ¯\¯neqsS am{Xta hnPbw t\Sm\m hq. Xsâ km¶n²yw Soan {][m\amsW¶pw Xsâ {]hÀ¯\§Ä Soansâ Pbm]Pb§sf _m[n¡p¶psh¶papÅ iàamb [mcW Hmtcm tPmen¡mc\nepap≠mhWw. GXv cwK¯mWv Hmtcm hyànbptSbpw iàn F¶Xdnªv Soan FhnsSbmWv AhÀ¡v IqSpX ^ew \ÂIm³ Ignbp¶ taJesb¶Xv Is≠¯n Ahsc D]tbmKn¡pI F¶ ISa kwcw`ItâXmWv. Xsâ hmk\IÄ¡pw Adnhn\pw ]änb {]mtbmKnItaJe In«pt¼mÄ {] hÀ¯\§Ä¡v IqSpX ^ew ssIhcp¯m³ AhÀ¡p km[n¡p¶p. Soansâ sam¯¯nepÅ {]hÀ¯\hpw Iq«mbvabpw _nkn\Êns\ hnPb¯nte¡p \bn¡p¶p. t\XrXzw: "apt¼ Kan¡p¶ tKmhpX³ ]n³t] Kan¡pw _lptKm¡sfÃmw' F¶Xv A£cmÀ°¯n icnbmWv. _nkn\Ênsâ Gähpw henb iànbpw ZuÀ_eyhpw _nkn\ÊpImc³ Xs¶bmWv. iàamb t\XrXz¯n\p am{Xta iàcmb AWnIsf krjvSn¡phm³ IgnbpIbpÅq. Ifn¡f¯nse Iym]väsâ Øm\amWv _nkn\Êv eoUÀ¡pÅXv. icnbmb Znimt_m[apÅ t\XrXzw \bn¡p¶ kwcw`§Ä e£yw Is≠¯pw. Hmtcm kwc`I\pw X¶nepÅ t\Xr]mShw hfÀ¯phm³ {ian¡Ww. t\XrXz¯nsâ IrXyamb Bkq{XWhpw hn`h hn\ntbmKhpamWv _nkn\Êv hnPb¯nsâ ImXÂ. -

({]apJ amt\Pvsaâ v I¬kÄ«âpw ]cnioeI\pamb teJI³ FdWmIpfw tI{µambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ UohmeÀ amt\Pvsaâ v I¬kÄ«â v ss{]häv enanäUv amt\ PnwKv UbdIvSdmWv. Cu tImf¯n ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ hnjb§sf¡pdn¨pÅ kwib§Ä sudheerbabu@devalorconsultants.com F¶ Cþsabnente¡bbv¡mw)


FâÀsS-bv³saâv p-¶-h-am-bn k-ao-]n-¡ c u K b s na \ nk -\m' X-t{]-an-IÄ¡pw ¸nen-tbm -_p-² a-ebm-f Ne-¨n-{ v _m-tc "taL-cq-]-\m'bpw "]m- hm--enbn Hcp sF-Sn I¼hÀ¡pw {]-Im-iw. A-ta-cn-¡-bn-se kn-en-¡¬ -Sn cwK¯v ]pXnb ]co`I-s\ bpw kp-]-cn-NnX-\bm-bn-cn-¡p-Ibpw C-´y³ sF mtc F-¶ kw-cw- vA¸v _ v ] i nm[ I A {] S ps p¶ « b ¿ mÀ \np\n-bp-Ibpw sN ¨n-bn-ep-am-bn Ì £W§Ä¡v XÀ-¡-dn-bmw? _mw-¥q-cnepw sIm-½m-W-¯nepw A`n-\-bIp-dn-¨v F-{X t]S-§p-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w kn-\n-am\nÀ v-t\m-{Im-än-sâ _n-kn-\kw-cw-`-§Ä Xp- mb {]-Im-iv _m-tc F-¶ sSI ¯nepw kPo-ha-b-Km-Y-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨v... Êvþkn\n-a hn-P

Indian y g o l o n h Tec s n o i t u l So

kp-an-{X k-Xy³

]m -e-¡m-Sv F³F-kvF-kv F³-Pn-\o-b-dnw-Kv tImsfPnÂ

\n-¶v F³-Pn-\o-b-dnw-Kv _n-cpZw I-gn-ªn-d§n-b Imew. C-\n-sb´v? F¶ tNm-Zy-¯n-\v {]-Im-in\v A-{X hy-à-X-bnÃm-¯ a-dp-]Sn-tb D-≠m-bn-cp-¶pÅp. Sm-Iv-kn ss{U-h-dm-bn- XpS-§n, kn-\n-am Xob-äÀ \S-¯n-¸p-Im-c-\mbncp ¶ Aѳ. ho-«n kn-\n-am kw-kv-Im-c-¯n-sâ X-\n-abpw em-fn-Xyhpw kq-£n-¨n-cp-¶p A-t±lw. B A-ѳ X-s¶-bmbn-cp-¶p sIm-¨p {]-Im-in-sâ a-\-Ên-te¡v "kn-\n-a' F-¶ {]-Im-i-tKm-]p-c-¯n-sâ Inc-W-§Ä s]-bv-Xn-d-¡n-bXv. Im³-hm-kp-I-fp-sS B tem-Iw X-s¶-bm-bn-cp¶p, ]n-¶o-Sv sSIv-t\mfPn skm-eq-j³-kv F¶ tem-tIm-¯-c Iym³-hm-kn-te-¡v a-\-Ên-s\ ta-bn-¨-sX¶v _m-tc... s_-Ìv B-ÎÀ, kw-cw-`-¯n-te-¡v ]m-e-¡m-Sv F³-Pn-\o-b-dnw-Kv tIm-sf Pn ]Tn-¡p-t¼mÄ Xs¶ \m-S-I-¯n A-`n-\-b-anI-hv sX-fn-bn-¨p I-gn-ªn-cp-¶p _m-tc. 1986  Im-en¡-äv kÀ-h-I-emime s_-kv-äv B-ÎÀ B-bn Xn-sª-Sp-¡s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. hf-sc sk³kpw sk³-kn-_n-en-änbpw D-Å H-cp I-em-Imcsâ a\-Êp-Å-t¸mÄ X-s¶-bm-Wv kwcw-`-I kz-]v-\w _m-tc-bn D-Zn-¡p-¶Xv. ""F³-Pn-\o-b-dnw-Kv I-gn-ªm F-´v? H-cp kw-cw-`-I-\m-bm-se-´v? F-¶p-Å H-cp Xn-cn¨p-tNm-Zyw. tIm-gv-kv I-gn-ª B-dpam-k-¡mew, A-Xn-sâ hn-¯n-S b-Úw X-s¶-bm-bn-cp¶p. \m-«p-Im-c\pw D-ä kplr-¯pam-b hn-]n\pw IqSn Cu B-ib-¯n ]-¦p-tNÀ¶p. tem-Wn-\m-bn _m-¦pI-sf k-ao-]n¨p. A¶v, Bcpw ssI-Xm-§m-bn h-¶nÃ. \à hm-t¡m, D-]-tZ-i-tam, Bi-btam X-¶v t{]mÕmln-¸n-¡m³ t]m-epw... Cu A-h-Ø-bn C-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ X-s¶ kw-cw-`-I kz-]v-\w a-\-Ên \n-d-ªn-cp¶p. B kz-]v-\w km£m-¡cn-¨Xv IptdImehpw {iahpw Ignªv knen-¡¬hm-en-bn-emWv.

"Made in India' F¶p ]d-bp-¶Xv BtKm f hn]-Wn-bn Xosc kzoIm-cy-a-Ãm¯ Hcp Ime-¯mWv Nn¸v Unssk-\nw-Kv, sFSn sUh-e-]vsaâ v XpS-§nb \qX\ kmt¦-XnI taJ-e-Ifn R§Ä CS-s]«Xv''. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs¶, A-Xn-\v F-{Xam{Xw km-[y-Xbpw hn-P-bhpw D-≠m-hpsa-¶v ]-d-bm³ ]-änÃm-bn-cp¶p. ]-än-sÃ-¶v ]-d-ªmÂ, A-sX§-s\ F-¶v hf-sc Ir-Xy-am-bn ]-d-bm³ ]-änà F-¶À°w. F-¶mepw A-Xn hnP-bw I-s≠¯pw F-¶ Zr-V-\n-Ý-bw am{Xw ssI-apXÂ. ]n-s¶ Xn-c-sª-Sp¯ B ta-J-e-bn XoÀ¯pw ]-Izam-b \n-co-£Ww, A-[zm-\tijn, k-a-b-\n-jvT-aÃm-¯ {i-a-I-cam-b {]-hÀ¯-\-ssi-enþkw-cw-`-hn-P-b-¯n-sâ kq-{X-hm-Iy-§Ä C-sXÃm-sa-¶v ]-d-bmw. F-¶mepw R-§-fpsS Cu {i-aw hn-Pbn-¡p-sa-¶pw A-Xn-sâ amÀ¡-äv D-≠mIp-sa¶pw B amÀ¡-äv D-≠m-¡-en\v, hn]-Wn I-s≠-¯-en-\v F-s´Ãmw sN¿m-sa-¶p-am-bn-cp-¶p ]n-¶o-Sp-Å Nn-´ IÄ. A-hn-sS k-lm-b-I-c-am-bXv, F-sâ Nn-e kp-lr-Xv-_-Ô-§-fm-bn-cp-¶p. CS¯cw IpSpw-_-§-fnÂ\n-¶p-h¶ kam\ a\-kv¡-cmb aq¶v ae-bmfn kplr-¯p¡Ä IqSn-bm-bn-cp¶p knen-¡¬hm-enbnse ]¯p-hÀjw \o≠ kwcw-`-I-bm{X''- _m-tc ]-d-bp¶p. ""kwcw-`-¯n-\mbn F´p-sIm-≠v Imen-t^mÀ-Wn-b Xn-

{]-Im-iv _mtc

£ o X ] { n \ C v n\ temI-¯

c-sª-Sp-¯p F-¶-Xv, B ka-b¯v Imen-t^mÀWnb, kwcw-`-IXzw kz]v\w ImWp¶ Gh-cp-sSbpw e£y kt¦-Xam-bn-cp¶p F¶-Xp-X-s¶-bm-Wv. F-´p sN-¿p-t¼mgpw A-Xv D-Zm-¯-am-bn X-s¶ sN-¿-Ww F-¶m-bn-cp¶p.'' _wKeqcpw ssl-Z-cm-_mZpw h³In-S sF-Sn l-ºpI-fm-bn am-dn-¡-gn-ªv C-´y³ sF-Sn-bpsS s\-Spw-Xq-Wp-I-fm-bn a-dn-b-t¸mgpw _m-tc-sb B-IÀ-jn-¨Xv, C-´y³ sF-Sn A-¶ph-sc ssI-I-S-¯m-¯ Nn-e »m-¦v kv-t]-kp-I-fm-bn-cp¶p. B A-t\zj-Ww D-Ån Pz-en-¨p \nÂ-¡p-t¼mgpw _m-tc bm-YmÀ-°y-t¯m-Sv tNÀ-¶p\n¶p. A-Xn§-s\-bmhmw _m-tc {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-bXv. ""AXn-\nsS F³-Sn-]n-kn-bn UÂ-ln-bn  tPm-en In«n. ]t£, tNÀ-¶nÃ. Fwþ sS-¡n-\v tN-cm-\m-bn-cp-¶p B{Klw. A §s\ sF-sF-Sn Im¬¸q-cn ssat{Im Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wn-Ivkn FwþsS-¡n\v tNÀ ¶p. A-Xn-\pti-jw UÂ-ln-bnÂX-s¶ Hcp FwF³kn-bnÂ. A-hn-Sps¯ sXm-gn-e\p-`-h-§Ä H-cn-´y³ F-¶ \n-ebv-¡v F\n-¡v a-d-¡m-\m-hm-¯-Xm-bn-cp¶p. G-Xp aq-i-bn-en«pw sa-cp-§n Po-hn-¡m-\p-Å DÄ-¡-cp-¯-mWv Hmtcm hy-àn-bp-sSbpw P-b-]-cm-P-b-§Ä \nÀ-®-bn-¡p-¶-sX-¶v Xn-cn-¨-dn-ª-Xm-bn-cp-¶p UÂ-ln Po-hnXw... A-hn-sS\n-¶v ]-co-£-WmÀ-°w bpF-knÂ, kn-en-¡¬-hm-en-bnÂ. kn-en-¡¬-hmen kn-en-¡¬-hm-en-bn ]Xn-\©p hÀjw. _m-tc Dĸ-sS \m-ev a-e-bm-fnIÄ tNÀ-¶m-Wv 1990IfpsS XpS-¡-¯n GDA Technologies F¶ Nn-¸v Unssk-\nw-Kv I-¼-\n- XpS-§-n-bXv. A-Xn-\v ap¼v Cadence Design, Cypress Semi Conductor F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn tPm-en sNbv-Xn-cp-¶ A-\p-`-h k¼¯v Cu kw-cw`-¯n-\v hen-b XpW-bmbn. C-hsbÃmw Xs¶ hn-P-b-I-c-am-hpIbpw sNbvXp. 500-e-[nIw Poh-\-¡m-cp-ff GDA Technologies kn-en-¡¬-hm-en-bn hn-P-b-] Xm-I \m-«n-b-Xn-\v ]n-¶n {]-Im-iv _m-tc F-¶ 45 Imc-sâ ITn-\-m [zm-\hpw ZoÀ-L-ho-£-W-hpw Xs¶bm Wv. C-´y A-S¡w, bq-tdm-¸v, A-ta-cn-¡ F-¶nhn-S-§Ä¡v ]pdsa C´y-bnepw AKÀ-X-bv-¡v hn]-W-\ tI-{µ-§-fp≠v.

kn-\n-a, Aw-Ko-Imcw, km-t¦-Xn-IX B- Ime¯pX-s¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p _m-tcbp-sS Po-hn-X-¯n-te-¡v kn\n-a I-b-d-n ¡q-Sn-bXv. kw-cw-`-I-th-j-¯n \n-¶v kz-´w kzXzw tXSn-bp-Å bm{X-t]mse-bm-bn-cp-¶p A-Xpw. Hmtcm kn-\nabpw A-Xn-sâ \nÀ-½m-Whpw kw-hn-[m-\ hp-saÃmw. kq-^n ]-d-ª I-Y-bmbpw Pm-\-In-bmbpw ]m-¸nentbm _p-²-bmbpw ]n-s¶ C-h³ ta-L-cq-]-\mbpw s]-bv-Xnd§n-b kn-\n-am k-¶n-th-j-§Ä... aoUn-b hn-¯v sSIv-t\mf-Pn _m-tc-bp-sS C-t¸mg-s¯ ]-²-XnIÄ, _w-K-eq-cphnepw sIm-¨n-bn-ep-am-bp-Å "ÌmÀ-«vA¸p'IfmWv. Im¡-\mSv BØm\-ambpff Jadoo sSIv-t\m-f-Pokv, _w-K-eq-cp BØm-\-am-bp-ff F-eo-\ s\-ävhÀ-¡nw-Kv sSIv-t\m-f-Po-kv F¶o kwcw-`-§-fn-emWv Ct¸mÄ _mtc {i² tI{µo-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. `m-hn-bn-se BtKmf sF-Sn l-ºp-I-fm-bn amdm-\n-cn-¡p-¶ \-K-c-§fmWv _wK-eq-cphpw sIm-¨nbpw F¶v _mtc ]d-bp-¶p. a-\-Ên-ep-Å aoUn-b Bâ v sSIv-t\mf-Pn kz-]v-\§-sf k-¶n-th-in-¸n-¡m-\p-Å {i-a-¯n-sâ ]-cnW-X-^-e-§-fm-Wv C-h. ""km-t¦-Xn-I-ambn, C-¶v tem-Iw hf-sc-tb-sd hn-I-kn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. A-ta-cn¡bv¡pw a-äp bq-tdm-]y³ cm-Py-§Ä-¡pw A-h-bp-sS skm-eq-j³-kv a-äv hn-Ikn-X, hnI-kzc cm-Py-§-Ä¡v {]mhÀ¯n-I-am¡m³ km-[n¡msX hcn-I-bmWv. A-Xn\m tem-Iw Däp-t\m-¡p-¶Xv, IqSp-X {]mIvSn-¡epw tImÌv F^-Iväo-hp-amb Ct¶m-th-äohv sSIvt\m-f-Pn-I-sf-bm-Wv. km-t¦-XnI-X, A-sX-{X an-I-¨-Xm-bm-epw km-[m-c-W¡mÀ¡pw Iq-Sn D-]-tbm-K-{]-Zam-bm-te AXn\v \n-e-\n¸p-Åq. AhnsS-bmWv F-t¸m-gpw "tIm-kv-äv F-^-Îohpw Ct¶m-th-äo-hp-ambn' Nn-´n-¡p-¶ C-´y³ s{_bn-\p-IÄ-¡v tem-I-km-t¦Xn-I-X-bn Hcp kp{]-[m\ Øm-\w ssIh-cp-¶-Xv. DuÀ-Ö-kz-ecm-b H-cp bph\n-cbpw F-t¶m-sSm-¸-ap≠v. sSIv-t\m f-Pnbn-epÅ D¶-a-\hpw km¼-¯nI hfÀ¨bpw kmaq-lnID¯-c-hm-Zn-Xzhpw ssItImÀ¡p¶ Hcp ]pXnb kwcw-`-IXz-¯nsâ \msf-bn-te-¡pÅ ImÂsh-¸mWnXv''. _m-tc ]d-ªp\nÀ¯n.

65


t^m¡kv tIcf Tirur Heights

tlmw-kv-sä-Uvþa-e-bm-fn-¡v ]pXn-b taÂ-hn-emkw aq ¶v X-e-ap-d-bn-e-[n-I-am-bn a-e-¸p-dw PnÃ-bn-se hym]m-c cwK-¯v {]-hÀ-¯n-¨p

Xp-©³ kv-tI-]v-kv A-¸mÀ-«v-saâ v, ]o-¨v-{So hnÃm-kv F-¶o c-≠v t{]m-P-Îp-IÄ Iq-Sn DZv-LmS-\w sN-bvXp. Xn-cq-cn tI-c-f-¯n-se h-cp-¶ \m-ev {]ap-J {Kq-¸p-I-fp-sS kw-K-aw. G-ähpw hen-b KÄ-^v amÀ-¡-ämb t^mÀ-k H-ä hm-¡n a-e-¸p-dw PnÃ-bn-se Xn-cqÀ tIamÄ, e-£z-dn A-¸mÀ-Sv-saâ v k-ap-¨-bam-b {µ-am-¡n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ {][m-\ _nÂ-tUXn-cqÀ ssl-äv-kv F-¶o ]-²-Xn-I-fp-sS \nÀ gvkmb tlmw-kv-sä-Uv t{]m-P-Îv-kv B³-Uv -amWw ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p-I-bmWv. \n-e-hn sU-h-e-t¸-gv-kn-s\ C§s\ hnti-jna-e-¸p-dw PnÃ-bn-se G-ähpw henb tlmw ¸n¡mw. C-´y-bnepw hntZ-i cm-Py-§-fnepw t{]m-P-Îp-Ifn-sem-¶m-Wv- Xn-cqÀ ssl-ävkv. Ìo \nÀ-amWw, P-\-d t{S-UnwKv, sI«n-S Iq-SmsX -Ip-än-¸p-dw, F-S-¸mÄ F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn\nÀam-W km-a-{Kn-I-fp-sS hn-]W-\w F-¶o epw A-Xn-\p ti-jw tIm-gn-t¡mSv, h-b-\m cw-K-§-fn {i-² t\Sn-b {]apJ _n-kn\Sv, I-®qÀ F-¶o PnÃ-I-fn-te¡pw \nÀamW A-ÐpÄ e-¯o-^v kv {Kq-¸p-I-fmb hos¡, I-Ån-b¯v, ssI{]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä hym-]n-¸n-¡m-\p-Å H-cp-¡ssI-\n¡-c \n¡-c, enÃnkv F-¶nh-cmWv tlmw-kv-sä-Uv am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-dÎÀ, ¯n-em-Wv tlmw-kv-säUv. t{]m-P-Îp-I-fp-sS tlmw-kv-sä-Uv t{]m-Pt{]m-P-Îv-kv Bâ v sU-h-e-t¸-gv-kv F-¶ Kp-W-\n-e-hm-c-t¯m-sSm-¸w ]-¦m-fn-IÄ X-½nÎv-kv & sU-h-e-t¸-gv-kv kw-bp-à kw-cw-`-¯n-eq-sS H-¯p-tNÀep-Å Iq-«m-bvabpw tlmw-kv-säUn-sâ th-dn-« ¶Xv. Cu \m-ev {Kq-¸p-I-fp-tSbpw ]m-c-¼cyw ss{]. en. {]-I-S-\-an-I-hn-\v I-cp-¯v ]-I-cp-¶ps≠-¶v X-s¶-bm-Wv tlmw-kv-sä-Un-\v I-cp-¯m-Iptlmw-kvsä-Uv t{]m-P-Îv-kv B³-Uv sU-h¶-Xpw C-hÀ sN-¿p¶ t{]m-P-ÎpI-sf P-\-Io-b-am-¡p-¶e-t¸-gv-knsâ am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ A-ÐpÄ e-¯o-^v Xpw. ssI-\n-¡-c ]-d-bp¶p. 2009 s]-cn-´Â-a-®-bn- {Kq-¸n-sâ {]-Y-a-kw-cw-`ams]-cn-´Â-a-®bv-¡-Sp-¯pÅ Sq-dn-kw tI-{µamb b an-Ìn lnÂ-kv D-Zv-Lm-S\w sN-bv-Xp. 50 ho-SpIÄ DÄsIm-Sn-Ip-¯nae-¡v Xm-sg \nÀ-am-Ww ]qÀ-¯n-bm-bn Ds¡m-Åp-¶ C-Xv PnÃ-bn-se G-ähpw hen-b hnÃm t{]m ]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v ssI-amdn-b an-kv-än lnÂ-kv tlmw-kv-P-ÎmW.v t{]m-P-Îp-I-fp-sS D-bÀ-¶ Kp-W-ta·, A-Xymsä-Un-\v G-sd t]cpw s]-cp-abpw t\-Sn-s¡m-Sp-¯ t{]m-P[p\n-I \nÀam-W coXn, ssI-¸n-Snbn-sem-Xp-§p-¶ hn-e Îp-Ifn-sem-¶mWv. `q-{]-tZiw, ho-Sp-I-fp-sS cq-]-I¸-\, F¶o {]-tXy-I-X-IÄ tlmw-kv-sä-Un-s\ {i-t²-b-am-¡pB-[p\n-I \nÀam-W co-Xn-IÄ F-¶n-h-sbm-s¡-bm-Wv I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. Xp-SÀ-¶v Xn-cq-cn Xp©³ ]-d-¼n-\-Sp¯v an-Ìn lnÂ-kn-s\ {i-t²-b-am-¡n-b-Xn-\v ]n-¶nÂ. Z-£n-

tW´ybn-se ap³\n-c lu-knw-Kv {_m³-Um-Ip-I-bmWv X-§-fp-sS e-£y-sa¶pw an-I-¨ ]-c-ky-§-fpw- B-IÀj-Iam-b Hm-^-dp-Ifpw an-I-¨ hnÂ-¸-\m-\´-c tk-h-\hp-saÃmw tlmw-kv-sä-Un-sâ k-hn-ti-j-X-I-fm-sW¶pw A-ÐpÄ e-¯o-^v hn-i-ZoIcn-¡p¶p. {]o-an-bw \n-c-¡n e-£z-dn Kr-l-§Ä e-`y-am-¡p¶ tlmw-kv-säUv t{]m-P-Îv-kn-sâ {][m-\ e-£y-w A-Sp-¯ A-©v hÀj-¯n-\p-Ån tI-c-f-¯n-se FÃm ]-«-W-§-fnepw X-§-fp-sS km-¶n[yw D-d-¸m-¡p-I-sb-¶-Xm-Wv. C-Xnsâ `m-K-am-bn FÃm PnÃ-I-fn-te¡pw tlmw-kv-sä-Unsâ {]-hÀ¯-\w hym-]n-¸n-¡p-sa-¶v {Kq-¸v ]-¦m-fn-IÄ ]-d-bp¶p. temtIm-¯c \nÀan-XnI-fmb Zp_mbv amÄ, _pÀPv Jeo-^ F¶n-h-bpsS F³Pn-\o-b-Àamcn Hcmfmb {]apJ A-´m-cm{ã _nÂ-Unw-Kv I¬-kÄ-«â v Ajo³ ]-\-¡m-«n-sâ tkh\w tlmw-kv-sä-Uv t{]mP-Însâ e£y-¯n-te-¡p-Å {]-bm-W-¯n-\v ap-XÂ-¡q-«m-hp-I-bm-Wv.

ambw tNÀ¡msX {Ko³ hmen Kp

W-ta-·bpw ]-cn-ip-²nbpw ]p-eÀ-¯n hn-]-Wn-bn {]n-b-¦-c-am-Ip-I-bm-Wv {Ko³ hm-en sh-fn-s¨®. ImÀjn-I ]m-c-¼-cy-ap-Å X-d-hm-«nse ]-d-bp-¶p. ]pXp-X-e-ap-d-bnÂs¸-«-h-cpsS tI-c-f-¯n-\p-]pdsa Z-£nIq-«m-bv-a-bp-sSbpw \n-Xm-´ tW-´y-bnepw {Ko³ hm-en ]-cn-{i-a-¯n-sâbpw km{]-i-kv-X-amWv. Iq-Sm-sX £m-Xv-Im-c-amWv ]m-e-¡m-Sv D-ss{I³, ku-Zn A-td_y, a-®mÀ-¡m-Sv Xm-eq-¡n C-cpbpFC F-¶o hntZ-i cm¼-I-t¨me B-Øm-\-am-bn k-®n tPm-k^v, Py-§-fn-te-¡v {Ko³ hm-en {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ {Ko³ hm-en-. am-t\-Pnw-Kv ]mÀ-SvWÀ, sh-fn-s¨® t\-cn-«v I-b-äpaC-¶v tI-cf¯n i-àam-b {Ko³ hmen Xn sN-¿p-¶p≠v. \mÂ-¸-tXmkm-¶n-[y-ap-Å Cu {_m³fw an-I¨ sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS Uv 2000¯n k®n tPmtk-h-\-¯n ap-t¶m-«v t]m-Ip-¶ {Ko³ k^v, tXma-kv am-Xyp, tSm-Wn tXmahm-en sh-fn-s¨-®-bv-¡v tI-{µ kÀ-¡mkv F-¶nhÀ tNÀ-¶v Xp-S-§n-b-Xm-Wv. sNdn-b co-Xn-bn {]-hÀ-¯-\-am-cw-`n-¨v 13 cnsâ tI-c-f-¯n-se an-I-¨ sN-dpIn-S hÀ-j-§Ä ]n-¶n-Sp-¶ {Ko³ hm-en sh-fn- hy-hkm-b bq-Wn-än\p-f-fXS-¡w \n-ch[n A-hmÀ-Up-IÄ e-`n-¨n-«p≠v. Ip-ä-a-ä s¨® C-¶v tI-c-f-o-b-cp-sS A-Sp-¡-f-bnhn]-W-\ kw-hn-[m\w, B-IÀ-j-Iam-b se \n-Xy-km-¶n-[y-amWv. tI-c-\m ]m-bv¡nw-Kv co-Xn-IÄ, {_m³-Un-sâ P-\Sm-b tI-c-f-¯n \n-ch-[n {_m³U-Uv Io-b-X-bv-¡v B-h-iyam-b s{]mtam-j³ sh-fn-s¨-® DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä e-`y-am-sWco-Xn-IÄ F-¶n-h-sbÃmw {_m³-Un¦nepw hnÂ-¡p-¶ sh-fn-s¨-® sâ hn-P-b-L-S-I-§-fmWv. ""I-gn-hXpw ]qÀ-W-ambpw ]-cn-ip-²n \n-d-ª-Xm-I-W{]-tZ-in-I-am-bn ti-J-cn-¡p-¶ \m-fn-tIsa-¶ \nÀ-_-Ô_p-²n-bm-Wv R-§-fp-sS c-¯n \n-¶m-Wv R-§Ä sh-fn-s¨-® DÂ-¸¶¯n\v P-\-a-\-kp-I-fn ØmD-≠m-¡p-¶Xv. sIm-{]-bp-sS h-ep¸w, \w t\-Sn sIm-Sp-¯sX¶v {Ko³ hm-en {_m³-Un-sâ ap-Jy km-c-Yn-Ifn-sem-cmfm- aq-¸v F-¶n-hbpw Kp-W-ta-· D-d-¸m-¡p-¶ L-S-I-§-fmWv. C-h-sbÃmw t\m-¡n hn-ib k-®n tPmk-^v hn-e-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. Ie-\w sN-bv-Xm-Wv sIm-{] Xn-c-sª-Sp""Kp-W-ta-·, ]-cn-ip-²n F-¶n-h-bn H-cp ¡p¶Xv,'' k-®n hy-à-am-¡p¶p. hn-«p-ho-gv-N-bv¡pw {Ko³ hm-en X-¿m-d-Ã. AXn-\m¯-s¶ a-äp-Å- sh-fn-s¨-® {_m³-Up-I-fn \n¶pw {Ko³ hm-en sh-fn-s¨-®-bv-¡v AÂ-¸w hn-e Iq-Sp-Xem-Wv. D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS XmÂ-¸cy-¯n\-\p-k-cn-¨p-Å D¸-¶w \Â-Ip-I-bm-Wv R-§-fp-sS e£yw, A-Xp-X-s¶-bm-Wv R-§-fp-sS hn-P-bhpw,'' k-®n tPmk-^v

66


tkh-\-¯nsâ P\-Io-b-apJw ]m -e-¡m-Sv PnÃ-bn-se B-Zy kÀ-Æokv k-lI-c-W _m¦p-Ifn-sem¶m-b Ip-

doKÂ tlmw-kv

kz-]v-\-`-h-\-§Ä-¡v hn-izkv-X ]-¦mfn A-´m-cm-{ã \n-e-hm-c-apÅ \q-X\ \nÀam-W ssien

ho-Sp-IÄ e-`y-am-¡m³ I-gn-bp¶p-sh-¶v cm-tP-jv hn-i-Zo-Icn-¡p-¶p. a-äv _nÂ-tU-gv-kn {]m-hÀ-¯n-I-am-¡n-s¡m≠­v \n-s¶Ãmw hn-]-co-X-am-bn _nÂ-Unw-Kv \nÀam-W ta-J-e]-²-Xn-bpsS \nÀ-am-Wbn-te-¡v Np-h-Sp-sh-¡p-I-bmØe-¯v \nÀ-am-W-¯n-\v Wv do-K tlmw-kv. ]-c-¼-cmG-sXm-s¡ {_m³-Unsâ K--Xhpw k-a-Im-eo-I-hpamb sa-äo-cn-b-ep-I-fm-Wv D-]-tbmhm-kv-Xp-inev-] amXrI Kn-¡p-¶-sX-¶v P-\-§Ä-¡v D-¶-X t{i-Wn-bn C-S I-eÀIm-W-¯-¡ hn-[-¯n ¯n- \nÀ-an-¡p-¶p-sh-¶-Xm-Wv do-K tlmw-kv {]-ZÀ-in-¸ndo-K tlmw-kv hnÃ-I-fp-sS ¡p¶p. C-Xv D-]-t`m-àmsI BÀ cm-tPjv, {]-[m-\ {]-tXyI-X. A-Xp-am¡-tfm-Sv do-K tlmw-kn\v am-t\-Pnw-Kv Ub-dÎÀ {XaÃ, I-Ì-aÀ-¡p th-n­ tSmH¶pw a-d-¨p-sh-¡m-\n-sÃ-¶«Â tlmw skm-eqj³ IqSn Xn-sâ sX-fn-hmWv. Iq-Sm-sX do-K tlmw-kv H-cp-¡p-¶p. A-Xmb-Xv \nÀ-am-W-¯n-\m-h-iyamb tIm¬-{Io-äv, I-kv-äaÀ-¡p th≠n-­^À-Wn¨À, Kr-tlmC-ãn-I, tkm-fn-Uv tIm¬-{Io-äv t»m-¡p]-I-c-W-§Ä A-§-s\ XpS-§n H-cp IÄ F¶n-h im-kv{Xo-b-ambn em-_n ] Ip-Spw-_-¯n-\v B-h-iyam-b FÃmw hnÃcn-tim-[-\ \-S-¯n Kp-W-ta· Dd-¸p h-cpI-fn- e-`y-am-¡m-\pw Cu \-h _nÂ-UÀ ¯n-b-Xn\p ti-jw am-{X-am-Wv H-cp-¡-am-sW-¶À-°w. tI-c-f-¯n-\v ]pd \nÀ-am-W-¯n-\p-]tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xv. F{Kn-¯p \nt¶m atäm h-cp-¶ I-kv-ä-aÀ-¡v saâ v sN-bv-Xv F-«p am-k-¯n-\p-Ån bm-sXm-cp _p-²n-ap«pw Iq-Sm-sX h-¶v Xmhnà D-]-t`m-àm-hn\vv ssI-a-mdp-¶ hn-[a-kn-¡p-hm³ tSm-«Â tlmw skm-eq-j³ ¯n-em-Wv ]-²-Xn-bn-«n-cn-¡p-¶-sX-¶pw e-`y-am-Ip-¶-Xn-eq-sS km-[n-¡p¶p. cm-tP-jv ]-d-bp¶p. am-t\-Pv-saâ v F-©n-\o-b-dnw-Kv hn-Z-Kv-[Su-Wn an-I-¨ Ø-e-§Ä I-s≠­ cp-sS I-gn-hv do-K tlmw-kv ]qÀ-®ambpw ¯n \mtem At©m hnÃ-IÄ A-S-§p-¶ D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p≠­v. A-´m-cm-{ã an-\n t{]m-P-Îm-Wv do-K tlmw-kv \n-e-hm-cw ]p-eÀ-¯p-¶ hnÃ-I-fn-se Xma- sN-¿p-¶-Xv. AXp-sIm≠-­pXs¶ H-cp kmkw Po-hn-X-¯n- a-d-¡m-\m-hm-¯ \ ¼¯n-I hÀ-jw \nÀ-am-Ww XpS-§n hym-\p-`-h-§-fmWv D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡m³ km-[n-¡p-¶p. C-t¸mÄ k-½m-\n-¡m³ t]m-Ip-¶-sX-¶v do-K N-§-\m-tÈ-cn hm-g-¸Ån-bn- \nÀ-am-Ww tlmw-kv am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ sI BÀ ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p-¶ "kz-]v-\-¡q-Sv' hnÃm cm-tP-jv ]-db -- p-¶p. t{]m-P-În \mev hnÃ-I-fm-Wp-ÅXv. tI-cR-§-fpsS C-tâW BÀ-¡n-sS-Îpf-¯n-ep-Å H-cp Ip-Spw-_-¯n-\v {]m-]y amÀ D-]-t`m-àm¡-sf t\-cn Im-Wpam-b \n-c-¡n an-I-¨ Kp-W-ta·¡-\pIbpw ho-Sn-s\-¡p-dn-¨v A-h-cp-sS {]-Xokr-X-am-bn hnÃ-IÄ \Â-Ip-I-sb-¶-Xm£-Ifpw `m-h-\-If-pw hn-i-Z-am-bn NÀ-¨ Wv do-K tlmw-kn-sâ hn-j³. hn-ZKv-[ sN-¿p-Ibpw sN-¿p¶p. Cu A-`n-{]mF-³Pn\o-tb-gv-kn-sâbpw AÀ¸-W-t_mb§-sf t{Im-Uo-I-cn-¨v I-¼-\n-bp-sS [-apÅ sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sSbpw Iq-«m-bv-at{]mP-Îv Np-a-X-e-bp-Å BÀ-¡n-sS-ÎÀ-amÀ- bv-s¡m-¸w A-´m-cm-{ã I¬-kv-{S-£³ ¡v ssI-am-dp¶p. C-Xn-eqsS D-]-t`m-àmta-J-e-bnse 18 hÀj-s¯ ]-cn-N-b-hphn-\v A-h-cpsS kz-]v-\-§Ä-¡n-W-§p-¶ am-Wv cm-tP-jn-sâ e-£y-¯n-te-¡pÅ co-Xn-bn an-I-¨ \n-e-hm-cw ]p-eÀ-¯p-¶ apt¶ä-¯n-\v I-cp-¯v ]-I-cp-¶Xv.

a-cw]p-¯qÀ kÀ-ho-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¦v tk-h-\]m-X-bn- A-©-c ]-Xn-äm≠v ]qÀ-¯n-bm-¡n tIc-f-¯nsâ k-lI-c-W ta-J-e-bpsS Ncn-{X-¯n \nÀ®m-b-I-amhp-I-bmWv. F¶pw P\-§-tfm-sSm-¸w-\n ¶v P-\-§-Ä-¡v an-I-¨Xpw Kp-W-I-c-hpamb tk-h-\-§Ä {]-Zm-\w sN-¿p¶psh ¶-Xm-Wv 1958 {]-hÀ-¯-\-am-cw-`n¨ Ip-a-cw]q-¯qÀ kÀ-ho-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¦n-sâ hn-P-b-c-lkyw. I-p-a-cw-]p-¯qcn-se slUv Hm-^o-kn-\v ]pd-sa ]-¿-s\ Sw, N-§-eo-cn F-¶o Ø-e-§-fn Iq-Sn _m-¦n-\v {_m-©p-I-fp≠v. I-gn-ª hÀjw ap-X \-ho-I-cn-¨ kz-´w sI-«n-S¯n-te-¡v Hm-^o-kv amän Ip-a-cw-]p-¯qÀ kÀ-Æo-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¦v {]-hÀ¯-\w Iq-Sp-X hn-]p-eo-I-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. Xp-SÀ-¨-bm-bn em-`-¯n {]-hÀ-¯n-¨p h-cp-¶ _m-¦n-sâ I-gn-ª hÀj-s¯ hnäp-h-chv 720 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-bn-cp¶p. bmsXm-cp ap-S-¡-hp-anÃmsX em-`-¯n-sâ 20 i-X-am-\w em-`-hn-ln-Xw sa-¼À-amÀ-¡v \Â-In-h-cp-¶-Xpw Ipa-cw ]p-¯qÀ kÀ-Æo-kv klI-c-W _m-¦n-t\m-Sp-Å P-\-§-fp-sS hn-izm-kw hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p¶p. ap-¸-Xn-e-[n-Iw Po-h-\-¡m-cp-Å _m-¦n-sâ slUv Hm-^okpw {_m-©p-Ifpw ]qÀ-®ambpw I-w]yq-«Àh¡-cn-¨Xpw tImÀ-_m¦nw-Kv ku-I-cy-t¯m-Sp Iq-Sn-b-Xp-amWv. {]-hÀ-¯-\ an-I-hn-\v \n-ch-[n A-hmÀ-UpIÄ kz-´-am-¡n-bn-«p-Å _m-¦v \n-t£-]-

F ]n _m-e-Ir-jv-W³ {]-kn-Uâ v

kn A-ÐpÄ l-aoZv sk-{I«-dn

§Ä-¡v B-IÀ-j-Iam-b ]en-i \Â-In h-cp-¶p-s≠¶pw ap-XnÀ-¶ ]u-c³-amÀ¡v 0.5 i-X-am-\w A[n-I ]en-i \Â-Ip¶p-s≠¶pw Ipa-cw]p-¯qÀ kÀ-Æo-kv k-lI-c-W _m-¦v {]-kn-Uâ v F ]n _m-e-Irjv-W³ ]-d-bp¶p. Iq-Sp-X im-J-IÄ, samss_ _m-¦nwKv, FSnFw ku-I-cy-§Ä F-¶n-h-bmWv _m-¦v A-Sp-¯-hÀjw e£yw sh-¡p-¶-sX-¶v sk-{I«-dn kn A-ÐpÄ lao-Zv hy-à-am-¡p-¶p. ]pXn-b Im-e-L-«-¯n-se k-aq-eam-b am-ä-§-Ä-¡v A\p-tbm-Pyam-bn {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä ]-cn-jv-I-cn-¡p-I, D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v Iq-SpX an-I-¨ tk-h-\-§Ä D-d-¸p h-cp¯p-I F-¶n-he£yam¡nbpÅ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fn-te-¡v ap-t¶-dp-I-bmWvv Ipa-cw]p-¯qÀ kÀ-Æokv k-lI-c-W _m-¦v.

Icn-¡n-t\-¯v knÂ-¡v hnÃmPn-tbm [-\-a{´n sI Fw am-Wn `-{Z-Zo-]w sX-fn-bn¨v D-Zv-LmS-\w sN-¿p¶p. tPm-kv I-cn-¡n-t\¯v, Fw ]n k-t´m-jv-Ip-amÀ, Fw ]n tKm-hn-µ³ \mbÀ, Btâm Bâ-Wn Fw]n, s»kn, Xn-cp-h-©qÀ cm-[m-Ir-jvW³, tIm-in km-ap-hÂ, Im-PÂ A-KÀ-hmÄ, tXma-kv I-cn-¡n-t\¯v, tPm-kv sI am-Wn Fw-]n, _n-j-]v tXm-a-kv sI D½³, ap-l½-Zv \-ZoÀ aue-hn F-¶n-hÀ k-ao]w.

67


t^m¡kv tIcf

]pXp-aIfpam-bn

\yq-¢nb-kv t{]m-¸À-«o-kv ^v fm-äv \nÀ-½m-WcwK-¯v F¶pw ]p-Xp-a-b-pw

hy-Xy-kvX-X-bp-ambn \n-esIm-Åp-¶ \yq-¢nb-kv t{]m-¸À-«o-kn-sâ v G-gma-Xv ]mÀ¸n-S ]-²-Xn-¡v Xp-S¡-ambn. -F-d-Wm-Ipf-s¯ sh-®-e-bn 29.5 e-£w cq-]-bv-¡v 3 s_-Uvdqw ^vfm-äp-I-fp-sS \nÀ-am-W-am-Wv ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p-¶Xv. Ip-dª hn-e-bn ]-c-amh-[n s]m-Xp-ku-I-cy-§-tfm-sS ^v-fm-äp-IÄ e-`y-am-¡p-¶ \yq-¢nb-kv t{]m-¸À-«o-kv 2010þemWv ^v-fm-äv \nÀ-amW-cw-K-¯v k-Po-h-am-Ip-¶Xv. sh-®-ebn ss_-¸m-kn-\-Sp-¯v \nÀ-am-W-am-cw`n¨ 23.5 e-£w cq-]-bp-sS 2 s_-Uv-dqw A-¸mÀ-«v-saâ v ]-²-Xnbm-b \yq-¢nb-kv {_okn-t\m-Sp tNÀ-¶m-Wv \yq-¢nbkv sk^nÀ F-¶ ]pXn-b ]-²-Xn-bpw {]-Jym-]n¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. c-≠v ]-²-Xn-bn-epw- Iq-Sn 48 ]mÀ¸n-S bq-Wn-äp-I-fp-≠m-hpw. Xm-gv-¶ hn-e am{Xw Cu-Sm-¡p-t¼mgpw kzn-½nw-Kv ]qÄ, C³-tUmÀ sK-bnwkv, slÂ-¯v ¢-_v, A-Xn-Yn-a-µn-cw, dq^vtSm-]v ]mÀ-«n G-cn-b, ¢-_v lukv, _m-kv-Iäv-t_mÄ tImÀ«v, Ip-«n-I-fp-sS I-fn-Øew, P-\-td-äÀ, tI-{µoIr-X Ip¡nw-Kv Kymkv, skÀ-hâ v-kv tSm-bv-eäv, tU sI-bÀ Xp-S§n-b ]-c-amh-[n B-Uw-

\njmZv F³]n, FwUn, \yq¢n-bkv t{]m¸À«okv

_-c-§fpw ku-I-cy-§fpw sk-^n-dn e-`y-am-¡p-sa-¶v \yq-¢nbkv t{]m-¸À-«o-kv am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ \n-jm-Zv ]-d-ªp. Xm-§m-hp-¶ hn-e-bn-ep-Å ^v-fm-äp-IÄ e-`y-am-¡p-I-sb-¶-Xm-Wv I-¼-\n-bp-sS \ bw. A-Xp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ C-S¯-cw h-cpam-\-¡m-cm-Wv {][m-\ D-]-t`m-àm¡Ä. dn-b F-tÌ-äv ta-J-e- s]m-Xp-hn- am-µy¯n-em-sW-¦nepw _P-äv ^v-fm-äp-IÄ-¡v hf-sc D-bÀ-¶ Un-amâp≠v. C-Xp-h-sc-bp-Å FÃm ]-²-Xn-Ifpw {]-Jym-]n-X k-a-b-]-cn[n-¡p-Ån¯-s¶ \nÀ-an-¨p \Â-In-b-XneqsSbpw an-I-¨ sa-äo-cn-b-ep-IÄ am{Xw D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xn-eq-sS-bpw BÀ-Pn¨ hnizm-ky-X-bm-Wv \yq-¢-nbkn-sâ ]-²-XnIsf B-IÀ-j-I-am-¡p-¶-sX¶v \n-jm-Zv A-h-Im-i-s¸«p.

an-I-hp-ä tk-h-\-hp-am-bn

sP-äv {Sm-hÂ-kv ]m e-¡m-Sv B-Øm-\am-bp-Å B-Zy-s¯ A-bm-«

Dw-d ]m-t¡Pn-s\m-¸w l-Öv XoÀ-°m-S-\-¯n-te-¡v I-S¡phm\pw sP-äv {Sm-hÂ-kv Aw-KoIr-X {Sm-h G-P³]-²-Xn-bn-Sp-¶-p≠v. tI-h-ew knbm-b sP-äv {Sm-hÂ-kv 2200 cq-]-bv-¡v Xn-cp¸-Xn {ioap-¸-Xm-≠n-sâ ]m-c¼-cy-¯n-I_m-em-Pn ZÀi-\w \-S-¯p-¶ hn aq-eym-[n-jvTn-X {]-hÀ-¯B-IÀ-j-Iam-b ]-m-t¡-Pn\pw \-hp-am-bn ap-t¶-äw Xp-S-cp-IXoÀ-°m-S-IÀ G-sd-bp-s≠-¶v bmWv. B-`y-´-c, cm-Pym-´-c {ioi-¦À A-`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp¶p. -F-bÀ Sn-¡-äv _p-¡nwKv, C³ ]mkv-t]mÀ-«v A-ä-kv_u≠v Hu-«v _-u≠v tlmtäj³, F-an-t{Kj³, shfn-tU ]m-t¡-Pp-IÄ, ho-k kv-tä¬ bq-Wn-b³ a-Wn {ioi¦À, s^-kn-en-tä-j³ kÀ-Æo-kv, am-t\-Pnw-Kv ]mÀ-SvWÀ, {Sm³-kv-^-dp-am-bn tNÀ-¶p-Å ssa-kv Sq-dn-km-\p-_-Ô tk-h- sPäv {SmhÂkv hn-tZ-i-\m-W-b hn-\n-a-bw, \§Ä, F¶n-h B-h-iy-¡m{Sm-h C³-jp-d³kv, {Sm-h cp-sS ho-«p-]-Sn-¡Â 24 a-Wnknw ImÀUv, sd-bnÂth, ¡q-dn\-Iw F-¯n-¡p-¶-Xn-eq-sS-bm-Wv _-kv, ImÀ, {Iq-bnkv _p-¡nw-Kv F-¶o sP-äv {Sm-h-Â-kv bm-{Xn-I-cp-sS a-\-kn tk-h-\-§fpw sP-äv {Sm-hÂkv e-`y-am-¡pC-Sw t\-Sn-b-Xv. \n-e-hn-ep-Å {]ap-J ¶p-≠v. FbÀ-sse-\p-I-fp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-« tk-hH-«-\h-[n s{]m-^-j-W-ep-I-fp-sS t\\-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶-Xpw sP-äv {Sm-hÂ-kn-s\ Xr-Xz-¯n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ Øm]-\w ap³-]-´n-bn \nÀ-¯p-¶ L-S-I-amWv. C-S-]m-Sp-ImÀ¡v Du-jv-a-fam-b tkh-\w G-ähpw Ip-d-ª \n-c-¡n aq-ey-tadn- hfsc th-K-¯nepw sNe-hv Ip-d-ª cob tkh-\w ho-«p-]-Sn-¡se-¯n-¡p-I-sbXn-bnepw \Â-In h-cp-¶p≠v. ]m-e-¡m-Sv ¶-Xm-Wv X-§-fpsS Zu-Xy-sa-¶v sP-äv {Sm- PnÃm Sq-dn-kw s{]mtam-j³ Iu¬-kn Aw-Kw Iq-Sn-bm-Wv {ioi-¦À. sP-äv {SmhÂ-kv am-t\-Pnw-Kv ]mÀ-Sv-WÀ {ioi-¦À hÂ-kn-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fn an-I-¨ A-`n-am-\-]qÀ-hw ]-d-bp¶p. sP-äv {Sm-hÂ]n-´p-W-bp-am-bn {ioi-¦-dnsâ _n-kn\kn-sâ Dw-d ]nÂ-{Knw ]m-t¡-Pn-\v an-I-¨ kv ]-¦m-fn-Ifm-b kp-tc-jv ta-t\m\pw {]-Xn-I-c-W-am-Wv e-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. cm-tK-jv l-cn-Zmkpw cw-K-¯p-≠v. sP-äv a-X-]-cam-b N-S-§p-IÄ \-S-¯n-s¡m{Sm-hÂv-kn I-kv-ä-aÀ kÀ-hokv, amÀSp-¡p-¶-Xn ]-cn-N-b-k¼-¶-\mb ¡-änw-Kv F¶o ta-J-e-I-fn-em-Wv C-hÀ "A-aoÀ' A-\p-K-an-¡p¶ a-¡-bnepw a-Zo{i-² tI-{µo-I-cn-¡p-¶Xv. \-bn-epw 15 Znh-kw \o-≠p \nÂ-¡p-¶

sIm-ia-äw {Kq-¸n-sâ ]pXnb tImÀ-¸-td-äv temtKm F-d-Wm-Ipf-¯v \-S-¶ N-S§nÂh-¨v kn-\n-am-Xm-cw Im-hym-am-[-h³ {]-Im-i-\w-sN-¿p¶p. sIm-ia-äw {Kq-¸v am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ amXyp sI sN-dn-bm³, U-b-d-ÎÀ tPmÀ-Öv tXma-kv F-¶nhÀ k-ao]w.

tIc-f Zn-t\-iv tjmdqw DZvLm-S\w tI -c-f Zn-t\-iv ]-¿m¼-ew tjmdqw I-®qÀ PnÃm {]-knUâ v s{]m-^

sI F k-c-f D-Zv-LmS-\w sN-bv-Xp. Znt\-iv _o-Un sN-bÀ-am³ kn cm-P³ A-[y-£-X h-ln-¨ N-S-§n I-®qÀ ap-\n-kn-¸Â sN-bÀ-t]-gv-k¬ Fw kn {io-P B-Zy-hnÂ-¸-\ \nÀ-h-ln¨p. kn-än bq-Wn-b³ _m-¦v am-t\-PÀ Pn c-hn B-ZyhnÂ-¸-\ G-äp-hm§n. ]q-t¡m-S³ N-{µ³, kn F-¨v cm-Lh³, Fw F I-cow, ]n hÕcmP³, A-Uz I-kv-Xq-cn-tZh³, C ]n _me³, sI kn cm-Poh³, Sn sI lp-ssk³ F-¶n-hÀ {]-kw-Kn¨p. tI-{µkw-Lw sk-{I«-dn sI {]-`m-I-c³ \-µn ]-dªp.

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"_nkn-\-Êns\ ]nt¶m«Sn¸n-¡p-¶Xv Agn-aXn' Hm tcm hyàn-bnepw ] e-X-c-¯n-epÅ Ign-hp-IÄ

hfsc A\p-Iq-e-amb kmlN-cy-amWv \ap-¡p-Å-Xv. F´p Imcyw sN¿m\pw H-fn-ªn-cn-¸p-≠v. AXn \ap¡v Hcp t^m¡kv DNn-X-am-b-Xns\ I-s≠-¯n thWw. ""Câ³j³, A-Xv h-fÀ¯n-s¡m-≠p-h-cpAä³j³, am\ns^-tÌ-j³ ¶-Xn-em-Wv Abm-fpsS hnF¶-Xm-bn-cn-¡Ww Pohn-XP-bw. kw-cw-`-IXzw F-¶-Xv ¯n A\p-hÀ¯n-t¡≠ Nn-ecpsS D-Ån H-fn-ªncoXn. GsXmcp hyàn¡pw cn-¡p-¶ H-¶m-Wv. F³{S-{]C¶À knÌhpw Hu«À WÀ (Entrepreneur) F¶ knÌhpw D≠.v AXmhm¡n\v kw-kv-Ir-X-¯n bXv _mly-km-l-N-cyhpw A-´À-t{]cW (antarpre_n kp-[o-À Ipam-À, am\-kn-I-km-l-N-cy-hpw. FwUn, _mÂtIm {Kq-¸v- _mlykm-l-Ncyw A\p-Iqrana) F-¶mWv AÀ°w. Cu B-´-cn-I-t{]c-Wsb e-a-sÃ-¦nepw am\-kn-I-ambn A-sÃ-¦n skÂ-^v tam-«nHcp hyàn X¿m-dm-sW-¦n thjs\ FÃm-hcpw Xn-cn-¨-dn-b-Ww. B F´p Imcyhpw \ap¡v t\Sn-sb-SpXn-cn-¨-dn-hn \n-¶m-Wv H-cp kw-cw-`I¡mw. F¶m Xncn¨v _mly-]-c-ambn sâ Xp-S-¡w,'' _n-kn\-kv temI-s¯ FÃmw A\p-Iq-e-am-sW-¦nepw am\-knX-sâ A-\p-`-h-k-¼-¯n \n-¶p-sImI-km-l-Ncyw FXn-cm-sW-¦n \ap¡v ≠v _mÂtIm {Kq-¸v- amt\PnwKv Ub]e-t¸mgpw tXmÂhn kw`-hn-¡p-¶p. d-IvSÀ _n kp-[o-À Ipam-dn\v kw-cw-`-IFsâ {]hr¯n Bßo-b-Xbn ASntemIt¯-¡v ]n-¨-h-bv-¡p¶ X-sâ bp-d¨v \n¶psIm≠m-Wv,'' bphm¡tfmSv ]n³-Km-an-I-tfm-Sv ]-d-bm-\p-Å-Xm-Wn-Xv. kp[oÀ ]d-bp-¶p. A¯-c-¯n Xsâ Ign-hn-s\m kw-cw-`I-Xz-s¯ a-Sp-¸n-¡p-¶, ¸w Hcp {]Øm-\-s¯- G-sä-Sp¯v ]n-´n-cn-¸n-¡p-¶ X-c-¯n-ep-Å A-gn-a-XnhnP-b-I-c-am-¡n AXns\ ssIsh-Å-bn- bm-Wv C-¶v _n-kn\-kv ta-J-e t\-cnsem-Xp-¡nb-Xnsâ sXfn-hmWv kp[oSp-¶ {]-[m-\-shÃp-hn-fn F-¶v kp-[oÀ dnsâ _mÂtIm. Xsâ ]nXmhpw {Kq¸v ]dbp¶p.""cm-Py-s¯ sR-«n-¸n-¡p-¶ sNbÀam-\p-amb _me-Ir-jvW³ \mbX-c-¯n-ep-f-f \n-ch-[n Agn-a-Xn-¡-Y-IÄcpsS ZoÀL-ho-£-Whpw amÀK-\nÀtZ¡m-Wv I-gn-ª Ip-td hÀ-j-§-fm-bn i-§-fp-amWv I¼-\n-bpsS anI-hnsâ \mw km£yw h-ln¨p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡pB[m-cw. A-gn-a-Xnbpw I-Å-¯-c-§fpw ¶Xv. kwcw-`-I-Xz-¯n \n¶v FÃmA-c-§p-hm-gp-¶ C¶-s¯ temI-¯v h-tc-bpw ]n³am-dm³ t{]cn-¸n-¡p-¶k-Xy-k-Ô-X-bnepw B-ßo-b-X-bnepw h-bm-Wn-h. kml-N-cy-amWv A¯cw Du¶n-b {]-hÀ¯-\-ssi-en-bmWv Cu Agn-a-Xn-I-fn-te¡v a\p-jysc \ kw-cw-`I-s\ a-äp-Å-h-cn bn-¡p-¶-Xv. DZm-l-c-W-¯n\v temsW\n¶pw hyXy-kvX-\m-¡p-¶Xv. _nkn-\ Sp¯v Hcp hyàn _nkn-\kv XpSkv F¶Ã GsXmcp {]hÀ¯-\-¯n\pw §n. sshZypXn apX-emb ASn-Øm\

kuI-cy-§Ä t\Sn-sb-Sp-¡-W-sa-¦n Hcp hÀj-¯n A[nIw Ime-Xm-a-ksa-Sp-¡pw. At¸m-tg¡pw temWnsâ ] en-i-bpw aäpw Cc-«n-bm-bn-«p-≠m-hpw. _nkn-\-kn \n¶v Imcy-amb em`hpw h¶p-Xp-S-§n-bn-«p-≠m-hn-Ã. _nkn-\kv \jvS-¯n-em-¡m³ Bcpw X¿m-dm-hn-Ã. A¯-c-samcp kml-N-cy-¯n \nc-h[n \qem-am-e-Ifpw IS¶v DtZym-K-سamcn \n¶v ]e Imcy-§fpw t\Sn-sb-Sp¡m-³ Bcpw Im¯p-\n¡n-Ã. R§tfmSp tNmZn-¨n-«mtWm _nkn-\kv XpS§nbXv F¶m-bn-cn¡pw apI-fn-en-cn¡p-¶-h-cn ]ecpw tNmZn-¡p-I. HSp-hn KXn-bn-ÃmsX ssI¡qen sImSp¯mWv ]ecpw Bh-iy-§Ä t\Sn-sb-Sp-¡p-¶Xv. ChnsS a\p-jy-cà Ipg-¸-¡mÀ. kml-Ncyhpw "knÌ'hpw BWv Ahsc AXn\p t{]cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. A¯cw kml-N-cy-§fn amäw D≠m-h-Ww. AXn-\mbn \½Ä {]hÀ¯n-¡-Ww,'' kp[oÀ ]d-bp-¶p. A-gna-Xn CÃmXm-¡n \-½p-sS kn-Ìw IdÎv sN¿-Wsa-¶ e£y-¯n {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ arthakranti (www.arthakranti.org) F¶ Hcp aqhvsaân kp[oÀ kPoh ]¦m-fn¯w hln-¡p-¶p. Poh-\-I-e-bpsS BNm-cy-\mb {io {io chn-i-¦-dnsâ t\ Xr-Xz-¯n-epÅ Z BÀ«v Hm^v enhnwKv ^ut­-≠-jsâ ^m¡Âänbpw kwØm\ So¨À tImÀUn-t\-ä-dp-am-Wv kp[oÀ. IqSmsX BÀ«v Hm^v enhnwKnsâ `mKamb Fkv-FwC skIvS-dn\p th≠n-bpÅ FIvk-e³kv Aäv hÀ¡v]v-sfbvkv F¶ {Sbn-\nwKv t{]m{Km-anepw {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p.

_mÂtIm {Kq¸v tI-c-f-¯n-se ss]-¸v hy-h-km-b-temI-¯v C-¶v H-¶mw-Øm\-¯v \nÂ-¡p-¶ _mÂ-tIm- {Kq¸v sImÃw BØm-\-am-¡n {]hÀ¯-\-amcw-`n-¡p-¶Xv 1991emWv. Xp-S-¡w- Electric Conduits am{Xw \nÀ½n¨p-sIm≠mbn-cp-¶p. B ka-b¯v A\y-kw-Øm\-§-fn \n ¶pw \nÀ½n¨p-sIm≠p-hcp¶ Electric Conduits am{XamWv hn]-Wnbn IqSp-X D≠m-bn-cp-¶-Xv. ISI amÀ¡pÅD¸-¶-§fpw Ipd-hm-bn-cp¶p. kwØm\¯v ISI AwKo-Imcw e`n¨ BZy Electric Conduits BWv _mÂtImbp-tS-Xv. Ggv

Poh-\-¡m-cp-ambn {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n¨ _mÂt¡m-bn C¶v 200-Hmfw Poh-\¡mcp≠v. ]nhnkn ss]¸vkv, tkmÄshâ v knaâ v, ss]¸v ^nänwKvkv XpS§n hyXy-kvX-Xcw D¸-¶-§fpw _mÂtIm hn]-Wn-bn-en-d-¡p-¶p. ""1986emWv Rm³ F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv hnZym-`ymkw Ignªn-d-§n-b-Xv. A¶v F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv {KmPp-th-ävkn\v Hcp {]tXyI kvIow D≠m-bn-cp¶p. AXn³ {]Imcw Hcp bqWnäv sIF-^vkn-bn \n¶v Rm³ Gsä-Sp¡pI-bmWv sNbvX-Xv,'' kp[oÀ hyà-am-¡n. KpW-ta-·-bn Hcp- hn-«p-ho-gvNbp anÃm¯ {]hÀ¯-\-amWv _mÂtIm-bp-tSXv. tIc-f-¯n-\-I¯p \n¶pw ]pd¯p-\n¶pw \nc-h[n D¸-¶-§Ä C¶v amÀ¡-än F¯p-¶p-s≠¦nepw _mÂtIm D¸-¶-§-fpsS KpW-ta· D]-t`m-àm-¡sf CXn-te¡v BIÀjn¡p-¶p. ""D¸-¶-§-fpsS KpW-ta-·bv¡pw D]t`m-àm-hnsâ Xm¸-cy-§Ä¡pw F¶pw ap³Xq¡w \ÂIp-¶p. ASn-Øm-\-]-cambn D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä Xs¶-bmWv Hcp _nkn-\-knsâ hnP-bw. amÀ-¡-än sImSp-¡p-¶-Xn-\v ap¼vv FÃm-X-c-¯n-ep-ap-Å ]cn-tim-[-\bpw \S-¯n D¸-¶-§-fpsS KpW-\n-e-hmcw D-d-¸p-hc-- p-¯m-dp≠v. C-hn-sS \n¶v ]p-d¯p-tPm-en¡p-t]mb-hÀ ]d-bm-dp-ÅXv \½Ä \nkm-c-Imcy-§-fm dnPIväv sN¿p-¶- ss]¸nsâ KpW-ta-·-bp-Åh AhnsS hnäp-t]m -Im-dp-s≠¶m-Wv. hm«À ss]¸vknsâ \n À½mW-¯n seUv I≠â v IqSp-X-embn D]-tbm-Kn-¡m-dp-≠v. Ch-bpsS Aan-tXm]-tbmKw InUvWn¡v tZmj-I-c-am-Wv. bqtdm]y³ cmPy-§-fn 2020-Hm-Sp-IqSn Ch ]qÀ®-ambn Hgn-hm-¡pw. ss]¸nsâ t]mfnjn\v th≠n Ip½mbw IqSp-X tNÀ¡p-¶p, CXv tNÀ¯m AXnsâ IqsS IqSp-X seUv an{in-Xhpw Bhiy-ambn hcp-¶p. \nÀ½m-W-s¨ehv Ipd-bv¡m-³ th≠n-bmWv ]ecpw CXv sN¿p-¶-Xv. F¶m ico-c-¯n\v Xm§mhp¶ Af-hnepw Ipd-hv seUv I≠âmWv R§Ä ss]¸v \nÀ½m-W-¯n D]-tbmKn-¡p-¶Xv. AXn-\m Xs¶ amÀ¡-än Chbv¡v A¸w hne IqSp-X-em-Wv,'' kp[oÀ ]d-bp-¶p. ]p\-eq-À, sNt¦m«, ISbv¡m-a¬, CS-a¬ XpS-§n--bn-S-§fnembn _mÂtIm- {Kq¸n\v \nÀ½mW bqWn-äp-Ifp-≠v. \ne-hn-epÅ bqWn-än-IfpsS I¸m-knän Iq«m\pw aäv sX¡³ kwØm-\-§-fnte¡v _nkn-\kv hym]n-¸n-¡p¶Xn\pw th≠n-bpÅ {]hÀ¯-\-§fpw kp[oÀ XpS-§n-¡-gn-ªp. ""GsXmcp _nkn-\ kv taJ-e-bntebpw {][m\ {]iv\w sXmgn-em-fn-£maw Xs¶-bm-Wv. hnZym`ymkw IqSn-b-h-cmWv C¶s¯ Xe-ap-d. am\p-^m-IvN-dnwKv taJ-e-I-fn-sem¶pw AhÀ tPmen sN¿m³ X¿m-d-Ã. ]t£, tIc-f-¯n\p ]pd-t¯¡v t]mbm AhÀ F´p tPmenbpw sN¿m³ X¿m-dm-Wv. tIc-f-¯nse knÌ-amWv AXn\v {] [m\ Imc-Ww. hntZ-i-cm-Py-§-fn GXv sXmgn sN¿p-¶-hÀ¡pw th≠ sdkv] Iväv AhÀ \ÂIm-dp-≠v. F¶m \½Ä _lp-am\w \ÂIp¶-Xn ]nip-¡p-Im-Wn¡p-¶p,'' kp[oÀ Iq«n-t¨À¡p-¶p.

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Emerging Kerala