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DETROIT 1967 As then, now By Stuart Cosgrove

PLUS The Big Issue vendor who helped unite a broken community Page 8


Live b screen iglin to the k-up R Albert oyal Hall

with thanks to

BOOK NOW General admission £44.00 (plus booking fee) Gates open 3.00pm, entertainment from 5.15pm (times subject to change) For details on VIP hospitality packages and how to order a picnic hamper for collection on the day, please visit:

EST. 1991



AUGUST 21-27 2017 / NO. 1270


Hello, my name is Dimitra


This summer The Big Issue is celebrating vendors from its sister papers all over the world. After the Greek financial crisis took its toll on my business in 2011, I’ve been selling Shedia. It means ‘raft’ in Greek and it’s certainly been that for me after everything I’ve been through in my life – cancer, bereavement and homelessness. I love the magazine, I feel it’s mine and I truly believe in it. Read more of my story on page 46.

JOHN BIRD The vital things we overlook





Can’t find a regular vendor? Subscribe to The Big Issue for £130. See for all offers. / 01202 586 848

How to read between the lines


18 DISUNITED AMERICA Detroit was ripped apart by riots in 1967 – 50 years on and race still divides the US

24 WOMEN IN PRISONS Homelessness is tearing ex-offenders’ families apart

29 BACK TO SCHOOL Education for everyone



(and that tough sudoku)

WE BELIEVE in a hand up, not a handout... Which is why our sellers BUY every copy of the magazine for £1.25 and sell it for £2.50. WE BELIEVE in trade, not aid… Which is why we ask you to ALWAYS take your copy of the magazine. Our sellers are working and need your custom.

WE BELIEVE poverty is indiscriminate… Which is why we provide ANYONE whose life is blighted by poverty with the opportunity to earn a LEGITIMATE income. WE BELIEVE in the right to citizenship… Which is why The Big Issue Foundation, our charitable arm, helps sellers tackle social and financial exclusion.

THE BIG ISSUE / p3 / August 21-27 2017

WE BELIEVE in prevention… Which is why Big Issue Invest offers backing and investments to social enterprises, charities and businesses which deliver social value to communities.

CORRESPONDENCE Write to: The Big Issue, Second Floor, 43 Bath St, Glasgow, G2 1HW Email: Comment: @bigissueuk


Eddie has our support against the thugs I’d like to big up and say a big ‘THANKS’ to Eddie who sells The Big Issue outside Liverpool Street Station. He’s there rain or shine, in his wheelchair and always ready for a friendly chat. This despite poor health, including a nasty leg ulcer, a recent stay in hospital after a collapse (reason undiagnosed) and being badly shaken up by vile verbal abuse and getting beaten by thugs on a bus while on his way home. I trust you (Big Issue staff and readers) appreciate the dedication shown by

Fill ’Em Up Approach any British town and you will drive through acres of retail parks consisting of pre-fabricated, low-rise warehouses and supermarkets, surrounded by sterile car parks. All of this is empty and unused at night. With determination it could be made a planning condition that such warehouses should have three storeys of accommodation built above them. This would make more efficient use of land, bring life to areas that are dead for much of the day and, with imagination, improve the approaches to our towns. David Bowman, Romsey The housing crisis is easy to solve. It just means building more social housing, with a blueprint so that each house can be built to a high spec with renewable energy. It would mean getting a team together, helped by George Clarke’s team, to keep the large builders away from social building, as they are too greedy. Like the charities, just build prefab @kerryanna2709 Lovely start to the day – my @BigIssue seller bought my copy for me as a gift. Such a generous man who always brightens my commute.

Eddie, and other vendors, in extremely trying circumstances. Please fellow readers who pass by Eddie’s patch, stop and give Eddie a hug, a kind word, a chat or just a smile, and let him know that he’s appreciated and far more of a man than the mindless, misguided idiots who pick on him just ’cos he’s an easy target in a wheelchair. Thanks, Eddie. You brighten up my day, mate! Martin Langford, email

social housing on ground allocated for building houses on. There are charities doing this already, and they just need more help. The other problem is everyone wants to live in the South-east, and the ability to find work for people who rent. Let’s have someone with big cahoonas to lead the team and get things done. Dave Manning, Crowthorne

Make room I watched Get a House for Free, knowing it would probably make my blood boil, and yep, it certainly managed to do that! So the single mother with no

money to afford a child is given a three bed house. Didn’t see that one coming… and possibly neither has she entertained the reality of how she will begin to afford the bills! This girl was so sure she wanted to go out and find full-time work but I’d like to see her obtain a job which will pay for a three bed – council tax, insurance, energy. Thanks to Mr Millionaire, she will probably wind up on benefits for life or (very probably) selling the house and downsizing to one she can afford. Yes, that’s right, the single bed she had in the first place. R Shepherd, email


@thoughtcat Thanks @BigIssue! #mozmug

THE BIG ISSUE / p4 / August 21-27 2017

@bigissue @therealmrbenn Fabulous! I’ve made it to the front cover of @BigIssue magazine!! I’m honoured!! Thank you!! More adventures soon! *doffs bowler hat*

@LewisMckenzie94 I was a huge fan of @therealmrbenn as a kid. Rented all the videos from Blockbuster back in the day! Good to see on @BigIssue front page :)

@LauraAnnieA Brill feature on Mr Benn in this week’s @BigIssue – and the bit on @KeshaRose was inspiring Thanx to Dean, the Wandsworth Town vendor!

Olympic spirit We certainly have a lot to learn about the moral high ground but I’m more concerned about the moral low ground. The evil I’m exposed to on a daily basis online reminds me we are living in tragic times. Nevertheless, I feel there is a stirring of hope welling up from the grassroots of society. For me it began when we put on the 2012 Olympics. I kept hearing people say: “It’s like being in a big family.” Since then, both here and elsewhere, acts of terrorism have given rise to a sense of revulsion and defiance. It reminds me of the spirit we had during World War Two. It certainly seems to me we are becoming more sensitive to the suffering of others. We will be well rid of the materialistic “what’s in it for me mentality”. Alecherzer, email @badgerbadbadger When I was a vendor, I once shopped in the @Harrods Foodhall. Why? Because I wanted to and it was money I had EARNED.



ig Issue vendors kicked off the new partnership with Southampton FC in style as they stole the show at St Mary’s Stadium on August 12. A team of 14 vendors were on-hand to sell the special edition of The Big Issue – which took the role of the official matchday programme on the day – as Saints started their Premier League campaign with a goalless draw against Swansea City. Southampton footballers Nathan Redmond, Oriol Romeu, Manolo

Gabbiadini and Florin Gardos also swapped the football pitch for a pitch of another kind when they joined vendors on the streets of Winchester ahead of the game to sell the edition as part of the historic link-up. And the partnership does not end there. The Big Issue Foundation, our charitable arm, is offering the opportunity for vendors to enrol in an eight-week employability programme run by Saints Foundation, the club’s official charity, with the chance of long-term employment at the club.

Vendor Istvan Kakas said: “Working with Southampton is a really fantastic idea and although it is a shame that they couldn’t get the win on the day, it has given me one of my best days in my time as a vendor.” Greg Baker, head of Saints Foundation, also toasted the partnership and said: “It was great to see our fans really embrace the partnership and the vendors, and we look forward to welcoming them back to the club and into the employability programme that we will be running in the near future.”

Our team of vendors pose outside St Mary’s Stadium

Uncovered: Still Homeless Still an Issue to hit Manchester The first-ever exhibition off international street paper cover art arrives in Manchester this week. Launched as part of #VendorWeek 2017, UNCOVERED: Still Homeless, Still an Issue showcases the story behind the global street paper movement and their outstanding designs. The exhibition, created in partnership with creative agency Equator, will be on display at Manchester Town


STAND 4 SOCKS Street paper covers on show

22-24 Hall from August 22 24 as part of the Global Street Paper Summit after a run in Glasgow that saw more than 13,000 visitors. The gathering, hosted by the International Network of Street Papers, is held in a different city every year, and gives a chance for street paper staff across the globe to share knowledge and develop innovations.

Show what you stand for without compromising style or comfort in these Stand4 Socks. ‘Not just another pair of socks’, their sale supports the UN Global Goal of Decent Work & Economic Grow wth by providing £1 micro-loans to small-scale farmers struggling in Souuth America. Made from bamboo, the soccks aren't only super soft but

THE BIG ISSUE / p6 / August 21-27 2017

also ethically sourced and environmentally sound. Each design features a causerelated logo so that you can wear your issue on your ankle without having to stand out for the wrong reasons. Buy Stand 4 ocks at bigSo priced £11.99 (plus shipping) d spread the and Social Echo with every w purchase. p

NEWS RINGING OUT: PHONEBOXES BY NUMBERS As BT announces plans to hang up half of its phone booths by 2022, we take a look at the familiar icon nearing the end of the line.

Darker side of Roald Dahl


Celebrated artist and friend of The Big Issue Charming Baker has created a ser ies of u n ique a nd thought-provoking illustrations for a new collection of Roald Dahl’s short stories. Brought together for the first time since they were originally written, Fear, Innocence, Trickery and War reveal one of Britain’s b e s t - l o v e d c h i l d r e n ’s authors’ fascination with the darker traits of human nature. From the spinechilling stories of Fear, to the semi-autobiographical War, the sinister collection of revealing tales is sure to shake even the most steadfast of adult readers.

saw the world’s first phone booth connected in Berlin

92,000 boxes in the UK in 1992 – the most ever

20,000 booths face the axe; BT need permission to remove them if there is not another placed within 400 metres

ck out next ek’s edition for ur chance to in one of five llections igned by harming Baker

FROM THE VAULT... AUG 19-25 2002 NO.502

Flush with success from their first album, Coldplay singer Chris Martin shares his “underlying feeling thinks you’re a dickhead”. He asks The Big Issue: “Do you hate us?” Plus, we report on human rights violations in the occupied Palestinian territories.

ON BIGISSUE.COM THIS WEEK… Big Benn – The bell still rings for the mild-mannered businessman Two Lives, One Body – One journali is split over conjoined twins The Last Governor of Hong Kong – staunch Remainer Chris Patten in a Letter to My Younger Self • Cathy Come Home… Again – Vendor review the 2017 stage reimagining

THE BIG ISSUE / p7 / August 21-27 2017

2,400 Grade II-listed red cast-iron booths are set to survive the cull


The man with nothing who gave everything

Our vendor Alan laid this bouquet on June 14, which grew into a monument to Grenfell victims

A small gesture by a Big Issue vendor that helped unite a community

Photo: Rex Features


’ve been helping to run one of the nowhere to store these gifts. We received Grenfell relief centres for the everything from used socks and underwear last few weeks, at Notting Hill (yes, really) to new clothes, designer Methodist Church. I’m now co-ordinating trainers and expensive handbags. A young a number of projects aimed at helping girl brought a pair of trainers that were survivors and the wider community clearly her most prized possession rebuild their lives. I’ve written a short “because someone else needs them now”. piece about the contribution of one of She was one of many who stole our hearts. your Big Issue sellers to the relief effort. But there was one offering that meant the I’d like to be able to say thank you, most to me. In those hot June days, I came out of and doing it through the pages of your the church for some air and sunshine newspaper seems the best way. In the days after the fire we were whenever I could. I have a false memory of that first day or two i nu nd at ed w it h after the fire. In my clothing, bedding, mind it was dark toiletries and all outside. This may be manner of useful because I spent so items. The overwhelming generosity much time either in the of the local – and church basement or in national – population the great long shadows was extraordinary. of the Westway. Or Volunteers worked perhaps it was the tirelessly to sort By June 19 Alan’s single bouquet had grown into this shock. But either way through clothes and it wasn’t true, as every shoes but we had to day was hot and bright turn donations away in the end, and it with clear blue skies. wasn’t easy. People wanted to help, and it The sun came out for me, though, when was clear that their act of generosity meant a man walked towards me with his dog, a lot to them. Distraught at the images stood at the steps of the church and handed they’d seen on their televisions, they me a stunningly beautiful bouquet of wanted or, rather, needed to help. When flowers. “I don’t have any possessions,” he we told them we were sorry but we couldn’t said. “I don’t have a home myself. But I accept that help, it hurt them. I began to thought these might help. I hope everyone’s dread the sentence that began: “But we’ve OK.” I gave him a hug before he even introcome all the way from…” But the truth was duced himself. His name was Alan, his dog that every single available space in our was called Lexie and he showed me his Big community was full. We simply had Issue seller’s accreditation. He asked me to THE BIG ISSUE / p8 / August 21-27 2017

write a note with the flowers for him because he’s partially sighted. I tried to sneak some donated fruit into his rucksack and he joked about how he could still see me doing this despite his sight difficulties. Alan had nothing but he made sure he gave us something. He knows what it is to not have a home. He knows what it is to lose everything. More flowers arrived then. A solitary bouquet gradually grew into a stunning monument. People brought single roses, huge bouquets, teddies, cards, football scarves and shirts, and messages for the missing. Fire crews sent flowers and cards expressing their sorrow at not being able to save more lives. One man’s show of care grew into a beautiful, heart-breaking display of solidarity and sadness. Some people brought candles so we bought some more and held vigils. Firefighters working on the recovery operation would come at the end of their regular shifts and stand, tearfully and without any words, paying their respects. The square outside the church became a space for people to come together, to mourn, to sit in quiet contemplation. Local people came to water the flowers and care for the display. TV crews flocked to film it. Nine weeks on, most of the flowers are gone. Some cards, candles and teddy bears remind us of those first weeks after the fire. But for me, a part of Alan’s spirit will always be there; the man who had nothing and gave us everything he could.

Kind regards, Cathy Long

BUY SOCIAL WITH A T-SHIRT FROM THE BIG ISSUE SHOP PRICES START FROM £20 PLUS P&P bringing together a range of street art inspired designs and feel good messages.







Royal Opera House

Royal Opera House

Royal Opera House

Royal Opera House

Giselle has remained a cornerstone of the classical repertory. Peter Wright’s production is one of the most challenging and demanding ballet roles, and has always been a showcase for exceptional ballerinas. With Marianela Nuñez’s ‘absolute mastery’ of the choreography, she and her Albrecht, Vadim Muntagirov, are ‘technically thrilling’ (Guardian).

Royal Ballet Principal Natalia Osipova dances the title role in Kenneth MacMillan’s haunting ballet, to atmospheric music by Tchaikovsky and Martinů. Anastasia tells the story of Anna Anderson who, following the Russian Revolution and the murder of the royal family, claimed she was the surviving Grand Duchess Anastasia.

Antonio Pappano, Music Director of The Royal Opera, conducts Rossini’s epic final masterpiece of French grand opera Guillaume Tell. With an all-star cast that includes Gerald Finley in the title role, alongside John Osborn, Malin Byström and Sofia Fomina.

Spanning more than two hundred years of opera, this magnificent 22-disc collection brings together 18 outstanding operas in a luxurious box set. The Collection is a dazzling tour of operatic treasures by Mozart, Verdi, Bizet, Wagner, Mascagni, Leoncavallo, Puccini, Strauss, Szymanowski, Britten and George Benjamin.











Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company

The ‘sheer visual sophistication’ of Annabel Arden’s Barbiere serves ‘a triumphant celebration of Rossini’s musical genius’, featuring de Niese’s ‘powerfully sung’ Rosina, Bürger’s ‘gale- force’ Figaro and Stayton’s ‘pure and mellifluous’ Almaviva — a leading trio ‘musically and dramatically beyond compare’ (The Independent +++++).

Through the eye of French director Laurent Pelly this expression of Berlioz’s undying admiration for the Bard — his adaptation of Much Ado about Nothing as an opéra comique — becomes ‘an elegant treatise on love and music designed in shades of grey with 50s-era costumes’ (Sunday Express +++++). Paul Appleby sings as Bénédict and Stéphanie d’Oustrac makes a fiery Béatrice.

On a distant island, a man waits. Robbed of his position, power and wealth, his enemies have left him in isolation. But this is no ordinary man or ordinary island. Simon Russell Beale returns to the RSC after 20 years to play Prospero, directed by Artistic Director Gregory Doran.

Britain is in crisis. Alienated, insular and on the brink of disaster. Can it be saved? Melly Still directs Shakespeare’s rarely performed romance of power, jealousy and a journey of love and reconciliation. This production cast the role of Cymbeline as a woman, played by Gillian Bevan.






The little jobs that can change everything


n November 7 last year, I asked an oral question in the House of Lords about Japanese knotweed, a pernicious plant that upsets gardeners – and peers – big time. You have to ask a question in that part of the proceedings but most make a statement dressed up as a question. I asked Lord Gardiner, the minister, whether it was possible for Her Majesty’s Government to imitate the late Anita Roddick, who took a novel attitude towards cyclamen. The plant was blocking the water courses and streams of Nepal. And no one seemed energised to do anything about it. Anita wanted to turn a minus into a plus. So she got someone to make paper out of cyclamen, and therefore placed a value on something that no one could be arsed to clear away. Cyclamen had become a crop worth harvesting, with rewards to the marketplace. I suggested that we get people to be paid for knotweed here, as we could then turn it into a product, like paper, to be sold and used to raise money for charity. I was met with bemusement. That wasn’t how Fallopia japonica oral questions usually went. It’s been raised 148 times in the Lords since 1989. The House is full of experts. Shouldn’t I be concentrating on homelessness? I was reminded of my knotweed question last week when I cycled from my campsite in Delft to The Hague. Going through the magnificent city of Delft, full of little shops and beautiful 17th-century buildings, an absence of cars, I was struck by the canals. Uniformly they were full of little green plants, growths that covered the surface of the canal. What astonished me was that in the middle of this beautifully well-preserved, well cared for, loved city, was an ecological disaster. For this sort of mass growth on the surface of the canal would not have been good for fish and the general health of the water.

Earlier at the campsite I had the following conversation with a man whose job it was to clean the toilets: “Are you fucking blind or something? Didn’t you see that fucking sign there saying, ‘Cleaning in process’?” His assumption was that I was English. Perhaps only the English ignored the signs. I replied: “That sign wasn’t there when I went in.” “It fucking was.” “I would have had to step over it to get in. It wasn’t there.”

A fresh perspective: Piet Mondrian’s Untitled A

He then made some comments in perfect English, the Dutch speak it as well as us sometimes, about maybe I should get myself some new glasses. I commended his grasp of insulting in English. He was boiling. But he was boiling because he had a ‘shit job’ in hot weather. And the public often ignored his struggle to keep the place clean. On my ventures into loo-cleaning I can say I was astonished at how often what was

“Perhaps we should see that some of the most important tasks on Earth are mundane and essential” THE BIG ISSUE / p11 / August 21-27 2017

supposed to be washed away was left for another to witness. I was in Delft with my family to cycle and play but also to visit an exhibition at the municipal museum in The Hague. The exhibition grandly titled itself Piet Mondrian, The Man Who Changed Everything. Did Piet Mondrian change everything? The father of a kind of abstraction that is basic colours in squares and straight black lines, you can see his influence in Ikea, and other design houses that use simplicity. But “the man who changed everything” seemed a big claim. A claim that art can change everything. Mondrian to me is a rare beast among artists because everything he did, from his early days to mature days, seems relevant. It’s fascinating to see his tree drawings become more abstract, more squared, more regimented. As a lover of drawing trees I can see where he is coming from and where he is going. But the man working the toilets, a grown man, a possibly educated man, was stuck doing a repetitive but incredibly important job. The fact that he was overlooked added to his sense of emptiness. And I walked right into that. The fact that no one will put effort into cleaning the waters of the canals or do countless other mundane and unsophisticated tasks, picking up litter for instance, shows that what is essential is degraded. Degraded by supposed social differences. Perhaps we should imitate Mao Zedong, in one thing, and one thing alone; getting students to help farmers bring in the harvests as a break from their mental toil. Perhaps we should see that some of the most important tasks on Earth are mundane and essential. Perhaps we need to give all the chance of cleaning up their own shit. Aside from the outrageous claim that Piet Mondrian changed everything, it was a brilliant gathering of his work, 300 pieces; and worth a visit to The Hague to see. John Bird is the founder and Editor in Chief of The Big Issue. @johnbirdswords



You can buy prints of some artworks featured in Street Art through The Big Issue Shop. At least half of the profit from each sale goes to the artist. Order at





BY DAVID TOVEY David is an ex-homeless artist and founder of the ONE Festival of Homeless Arts. “Being a social artist means I like to raise awareness of issues that are close to my heart,” he says. “This is a portrait I’ve just finished of my beautiful aunt who is living with dementia. Dementia is cruel and not only does it take the life of the person living with it but also all of those around them. This picture is for the strength of my cousins.”

BY URSULA Ursula, originally from Portugal, submits her artwork via London homeless charity the 240 Project. She is studying to become a personal trainer in North Kensington.

Street Art is created by people who are marginalised by issues like homelessness, disability and mental health conditions. Contact to see your art here. THE BIG ISSUE / p13 / August 21-27 2017

Illustration: Mitch Blunt



How to find a new perspective on maps


he back wall of my junior school class was decorated with world maps. They were torn at the edges and grubby with generations of little fingers tracing imaginar y journeys but they felt solid; the bold lines that separated the countries looked like they had been chiselled deep. That was always a delusion. Today it is even harder to pretend that the world’s borders are locked in place. For many years I’ve been writing about ‘off-the-map’ and unruly places – places that escape the confines of ordinary cartography. It can be a frustrating business: every week the kaleidoscope shifts again. How does one draw a map of the borders that squirm around inside Syria, Libya or Ukraine? Often we just have to guess.

There are all sorts of less well- Beyond the Map is my latest known places that are also attempt to corral, from my becoming hard to o w n t r a v e l s a nd pin down. I’m particresearches, the ularly fascinated by strangest examples of obscure, unclassthe planet’s cartoifiable islands. We graphical nightmares l ive i n a n era of and novelties. Some island-building. They are dark and dangerare popping up like ous but others are mushrooms. poignant or eerie or Gaze down on the Beyond the Map: plain extraordinary. S out h Ch i n a S ea Unruly Enclaves, I start the book from Google Earth Ghostly Places, with an account of and you’ll see how Emerging Lands my trip to the most the Spratly Islands and Our Search for southerly pa r t of are being raised up, New Utopias, by the British Isles, bulked out, covered Alastair Bonnett, which sits 14 miles i n c o n c r e t e a n d is out August 31 in south of Jersey. Les turned into offensive hardback (Aurum Minquiers – known military bases. This Press, £16.99) as the largest previously unspoilt unmapped area in tropical paradise has the western world – been transmuted into an army stretches across an area considof geographical Frankensteins. erably larger than Jersey itself THE BIG ISSUE / p15 / August 21-27 2017

but the boundary line between Britain and France was only finally settled in 2004. An unfortunate group of German soldiers were stationed on Les Minquiers during the Second World War. It is so remote that they were bypassed by everyone else and had to wave down a French fishing boat in order to surrender – two weeks after the war had ended. The bits of the map I’m interested in are not easily fixed on paper. Geography is getting harder to read: the lines and shapes are shifting. At the same time our interest in places that have been left behind or that don’t fit the usual borderlines is growing. There is a new geographical curiosity at large; a fascination with the unexplored and unmapped, the bits unconquered by Google Earth.

Shania Twain Country pop queen, tricky to impress


y early teens were difficult. My parents were separated and my mum and I were staying in a battered women’s shelter. We stayed there for a year, and it was the most difficult period of my life. Growing up in a turbulent household brought out a lot of defensive characteristics in me. I was always waiting for the next argument or fight. I also felt very protective of my mother – I was often directly involved in those fights. Which could make me very aggressive if I felt backed into a corner at school.

I was very shy, very socially awkward. I was also very insecure – I didn’t have a lot in common with the other kids because I was just a music nerd. And I was embarrassed about my upbringing and how we were always scraping by, struggling to pay the bills. So I rarely brought a friend home with me. Early on music became my therapy, somewhere I could go and be safe. I think that’s how I survived it all, why I’m not a drug addict or a nutcase today. From an early age I was always the little singer in the family. From the age of eight, I would go singing folk and country songs at clubs at the weekend. Sometimes even after midnight till two or three in the morning on a school night. I didn’t enjoy being in those places at all. I developed a lot of stage fright. Sometimes there were strippers going on before me and by the time I went on everyone in there was quite drunk. It wasn’t an environment for a child. I did love the music, I was very passionate

THE BIG ISSUE / p16 / August 21-27 2017

Photo: Getty / Rex Features


about it. But I just wanted to do it in my room, on my own, writing songs and singing to myself. I liked being alone, and quiet. I didn’t want to perform in public. But my mother was trying to help me get exposure, so that I could eventually become a professional singer. There was definitely a transition in terms of the audience once I was fully developed – very developed – at 16. But I took it in my stride because I was so used to performing by then. I never mingled with the audience, so I was safe in that regard. But the changes in my body. I found those very difficult. I was such a tomboy, and I was definitely not the pretty daughter in the family. I was very athletic but suddenly I didn’t want to be bouncing around so much playing basketball at school with the boys. I felt that what we were creating was good but when I was more self-conscious and uncomfortable about we had real success with it [20 million global sales], the eyes of the boys on me than when I was onstage. that gave me a much greater confidence about It wasn’t until I went into the music industry that I the future. After the release of Man! I Feel Like a really felt the sexist intimidation of exposure. Woman! it started getting so big. I just thought wow, A major turning point in my life this is bigger than I ever imagined it was when my parents both died could be. Everything started spinning. [Twain was 22 when her mother And I was over-working so it felt and father were killed in a car like a frenzy. crash]. It sounds odd to say that but If I could go back I’d cut myself it turned out to be something I made some slack when my marriage the most of. I had a lot of revelations [to Mutt Lange] starting falling that year. One was that I realised how apart. I went into a black hole for much of the performing I’d been doing a bit, I went into shock. It was a bit for my mother, and I didn’t really like when my parents died. But I was need that for myself. But by then my angry with myself for not getting friends had all gone off to college and over it right away. I should have said I felt I’d missed the opportunity to to myself, it’s okay to feel bad for a do something productive, something while. Don’t apologise for it. I just tangible, like getting an education. wanted to hurry up and get over it So suddenly, not only did I not have and I think that was a mistake. But parents, I had nothing but this I did get through it. I have a son, so music career in which my chances of that helped me persevere for sure. succeeding were incredibly low. So And once I caught my breath, I was I really had to put myself to the test. able to be creative again. That’s how And when I finally fully committed to I escape. Some women go to the spa my music career without the pressure for ‘me time’, for solitude – for me of my parents, I felt that was a very indulgence is locking myself in a positive change. And it led to the most room and writing songs. I have no productive 20 years of my life. inhibitions when I write, I can curse, Once my career took off the I can vent, I can be completely honest. world became more accessible. So it’s a helpful thing to be able to do in the darkest times. I didn’t get lost in just being the In my 40s I really didn’t worry artist, I educated myself. I’m a too much about getting older, how good self-motivator and I am very my looks were changing. When I hit disciplined. I ran a lot, I wrote a lot, 50 gravity really started to take hold. I I read philosophy and psychology. I’ve always had extreme curiosity and From the top: holding her Grammy Award think you come to a point when you’re in 1996 for best country album, The Woman I gravitate towards similar people. in Me; performing at The Hollywood Bowl, mature enough to accept that it’s When I met my first husband [rock 1999; with ex-husband Mutt Lange in 2003 one of the things in life you just can’t control. I couldn’t control my parents producer Robert John “Mutt” Lange, who produced and co-wrote her breakthrough second dying, I couldn’t control my marriage falling apart, album] that was another turning point which was so I couldn’t control getting Lyme disease and losing crucial on the next 15 years of my life. We had such my voice. And I can’t control ageing. Once you get to a good verbal relationship, we talked a lot. He was your 50s you have to accept some things are just out very stimulating. I need to be stimulated. I learned of your hands. Hey, it’s time to throw those old bras so much in that relationship. And now I’m married away. You just can’t wear them any more. again to someone who is such a thinker. I need that. I don’t think I felt confident that I was going to make it until I made my first album with Mutt Lange, The Woman in Me [in 1995]. Shania Twain’s album Now is out September 29 and she is I wasn’t sure at the beginning if it would work, it performing at Hyde Park on September 10. was quite an unusual collaboration. Once it started Interview: Jane Graham @Janeannie

“At eight I was singing in clubs till two or three on a school night. Sometimes there were strippers going on before me”

THE BIG ISSUE / p17 / August 21-27 2017

IN 1981 THE YEAR SHANIA TWAIN TURNS 16… Bucks Fizz wins the Eurovision Song Contest with Making Your Mind Up / Police arrest Peter Sutcliffe, later convicted of the “Yorkshire Ripper” murders of 13 women / Prince Charles announces his engagement to Lady Diana Spencer


The violence that shocked Charlottesville resurrected the spectre of the racist attacks unleashed in American cities in the 1960s. But, says Stuart Cosgrove, those events lit the touchpaper for change


the streets of Detroit were molten with injustice 50 years ago. The worst riots in modern American history had torn the Motor City apart, leaving 43 dead, thousands injured and an urban landscape that resembled a war-zone. Buried beneath the debris were the fragments of lost lives and ruined communities, most of which are now largely forgotten. But this month a feature film about Detroit in 1967, by the multi-award winning Hollywood director Kathryn Bigelow, opened to largely positive reviews. There was a fund of goodwill towards Bigelow not only reflecting her status as Hollywood’s pre-eminent female director but the collective power of her two previous films Dark Zero Thirty – the hunt for Osama bin Laden and The Hurt Locker, the Oscar-winning film set against the backdrop of the Iraq war. Now she was turning her considerable talent on history and the home front. A thematic thread links all three films

– they are films about the male psyche and the inherent tensions that lurk in the dark heart of all-male combat units. Coincidence can be a strange lever of creativity. Almost two years ago my book Detroit 67: the Year That Changed Soul, the first in a trilogy of books on 1960s soul, was published. It was extensively reviewed in the Freep (Detroit’s Free Press) and copies were bulk-shipped to one of the Motor City’s black music institutions, Peoples Records, a haven for the city’s crate-diggers and urban hipsters. Through the local grapevine a copy of the book reached Mark Boal, Bigelow’s screenplay writer, who was showing early interest in the forthcoming anniversary of the Detroit Riots. Simultaneously, a major exhibition, Say It Loud: Art, History and Rebellion, was in development and is now featured at the Charles H Wright Museum, Detroit’s Center of African American History. All three – the book, the film and the exhibition – evolved independently, taking different perspectives on the year that changed Detroit. E

THE SUMMER OF LOVE AND HATE What else was happening in the world in 1967?

As Mark Boal shaped his screenplay, our projects came to a similar point of fascination: the story of the brutal murder of three young teenagers in the dying hours of the riots in what is now known as the Algiers Motel Incident. The story involved an emergent Detroit harmony group, The Dramatics, and came to dominate a chapter of my book. It would be vainglorious of either of us to claim ownership of the story, it was already known to be one of the great injustices of the 1960s and was first brought to the page by the peerless new journalist academic John Hersey, who won the Pulitzer Prize for his forensic book on the aftermath of Hiroshima. Hersey had trawled through the embers of the riots unearthing endless fascinating incidents and his sharp eye had settled on the night that a rogue unit of the Detroit Police murdered three young African American teenagers – Aubrey Pollard, Carl Cooper and Fred Temple – shooting one of them in the testicles in a manner that Hersey himself described as a “ballistic lynching”. None of the police were ever satisfactorily convicted and so the case has lingered like a sore ever since, given new life by the Black Lives Matter campaign, and the recent wave of police violence against young black men. What fascinated me about the case as a historian of soul music was that The Dramatics

were witnesses to the events and two of them, Larry Reed and Roderick Davis, were beaten violently over a period of a few hours. Davis was so badly beaten that he suffered irreversible MAY 2 – Harold neurological damage and he drifted away Wilson announces the UK is applying for from soul music into obscurity and early death. The movie focuses more on Larry EEC membership Reed played by the Saginaw soul-singer Algee Smith and in that sense tells a story of thwarted talent almost like a Dream Boys, but with darker and more sadistic undercurrents. For the Dramatics, the killings were the final nightmare of a weekend that had begun so buoyantly. They had been booked to open a Motown concert at the Fox Theatre which was headlined by Martha and the Vandellas. They were already backstage when police entered the auditorium bringing the show to a premature end. Stagehands called Martha Reeves off stage and told her to end JUNE 1 – The the performance during a chorus of her evergreen Beatles release dance-craze hit Dancing in the Street. Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Unintentionally, the police intervention threw Hearts Club Band suspicion on a largely innocent record, which from then on became synonymous with summer rioting and public disorder. At the time The Dramatics were virtually unknown except for a irritatingly catchy novelty song Inky Dinky Wang Dang Doo, which in the months that followed became a popular song on the UK northern soul scene. The group left the theatre and headed to the Algiers Motel, a JUNE 5 – Six-Day hang-out for soul musicians War begins, forever changing the state of Middle East politics

JUNE 13 – Thurgood Marshall becomes first African American justice of the US Supreme Court

and drug peddlers, which bore the worn-out look of a seedy nightclub, framed by palm trees and famed for a heavily chlorinated swimming pool. It was in the rear annex of the motel that the killings began. The venue is brilliantly realised in the film: seedy, evocative and hugely appealing. Most Detroiters have welcomed the film. Hundreds flocked to the glitzy red carpet premiere just to see the cast but there was inevitable criticism. Some found it shallow that Hollywood glamour should be paraded at the legendary Fox Theatre, in the very place where the drama of the Algiers Motel began. There have been disagreements about verisimilitude and vision too, the curse of all historic cinema. For example, the movie is immensely kind to a character called Melvin Dismukes, a security guard who rings the police to complain about trouble at the Algiers and joins in with them in the initial raid on the premises. Dismukes is played by the JUNE 12 – US Supreme Peckham-born actor John Boyega, Court declares all of Star Wars fame, and it takes state laws prohibiting nothing from his performance interracial marriage to to say that he is portrayed as a be unconstitutional conflicted character who seeks to give support to the teenagers through their ordeal, and in one virtuoso scene, he is framed by the cops in an incriminating interview. My book portrays him

more negatively as a sanctimonious man who resents the Dramatics and their flamboyant lifestyle and becomes an accessory to the police violence. The film also fails to make real sense of the motivations of the most pathological police officer – the ‘bad apple’ of a now familiar movie trope – who the film calls Philip Krauss (played by Will Poulter), the vengeful racist cop who leads the atrocities. Why his name is changed is unclear. In real life the lead cop was a man called David Senak, a second-generation Czechoslovakian, who bizarrely had been at high school with Diana Ross of The Supremes and who through his professional exposure to crime and vice had developed an irrational hatred of young black men. Discovering The Dramatics and their friends consorting with white prostitutes at the Algiers was the final stage of his descent into racist brutality. The clarification is more than nitpicking a deep JUNE 27 – First ATM wound that had opened up in Detroit between white installed in a Barclays immigrants from Eastern Europe who worked Bank in Enfield often as police officers, car plant foremen and shopkeepers as angrier young blacks had to tolerate unemployment, poorly paid jobs or the killing fields of Vietnam. The social schism was one of race and class and probably best told through social history than the narrative momentum of a movie. For all its many virtues – and a visceral and intimidating sense of violence is high among them JULY 1 – Colour TV – Kathryn Bigelow’s Detroit can never be the was broadcast for the definitive story of the rebellion of 1967. Nor can my first time on BBC Two book, for all its love affair with the independent soul music of the Motor City, be anything more than a perspective. Detroit in 1967 has resisted all our efforts to pin down meaning and to this day it is a story that can never be fully told. The riots, which by the end of the year were being described more accurately as rebellions, had flared up on 12th Street when a police raid on a ‘blind pig’ (the Detroit name for an illegal-drinking den) erupted. Bottles were JULY 4 – Parliament thrown and discontent spread like a virus. The decriminalises private oldest man who died was an ageing Armenian acts of consensual adult immigrant, who was kicked and bludgeoned to male homosexuality in death trying to protect his shoe-repair shop as a England and Wales gang of looters surrounded him. The youngest victim was Tanya Blanding, a four-year-old infant who was shot at a tenement window by a National Guardsman at the height of the blackout curfew. As fear of sniper fire had gripped the police and military, her uncle had lit a cigarette; bullets ripped through the body of the infant and JULY 23 – Race riots she died instantly. Her tiny white in Detroit begin coffin being carried by her family remains one of the most poignant images of the disorder. These stories remain buried beneath the rubble of racism and pandemonium that visited Detroit on that fateful weekend, and neither have been fully Left: scenes from Detroit told by either the book or the film. in 1967. Inset: The Dramatics. Above: John Boyega in Detroit

Stuart Cosgrove’s book Detroit 67: The Year That Changed Soul, the first of his soul trilogy, is out now (Polygon, £9.99). The second part, Memphis 68: The Tragedy of Southern Soul, is available from October 5. Kathryn Bigelow’s film Detroit is in cinemas from August 25. Turn to page 35 to read Edward Lawrenson’s review

BIG ISSUE / p21 / August 21-27 2017


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he Southern Poverty Law supremacists is, indeed, terrorism,” Center [SPLC] was established Cohen says. “If the situation weren’t so in Montgomery, Alabama in 1971, and serious, we could overlook his act, his since then has traced and tracked Klan ducking and weaving, his petulant chapters, neo-Nazis, anti-government behaviour. But at this point, it’s simply militias, white nationalists, black bizarre and disheartening.” separatists, neo-Confederates, the Trump advisor Steve Bannon was list, sadly, goes on. thought to be leading some of the In January 2016, The Big Issue president’s most controversial decisions reported on their work making but spoke out against “ethnoinformation available to the nationalism – it’s losers… These public and law enforcement. guys are a collection of clowns”, Their aim is to fight hate, leading to further confusion. teach tolerance and seek justice The SPLC has published – effectively trying to “sue details about groups who hate groups out of existence”. attended the ‘Unite the Right’ At that time there were 784 rally. James Alex Fields, the groups on their books but man suspected of driving into a today there are 917. crowd of anti-Fascist protestors When Trump was running killing 32-year-old paralegal Our cover from for president, his divisive Heather Heyer, had previously January 2016 rhetoric legitimised extreme attended meetings of Vanguard views. Now from the country’s America. It also documents highest office he is condoning how PayPal was “integral” – by failing to condemn – extremist when it came to raising funds for the groups and beliefs, as became clear from rally despite their terms prohibiting his remarks following recent events in “promotion of hate, violence, [and] Charlottesville. President of the SPLC racial intolerance”. Richard Cohen has no doubts that Trump By shining light on the operations has emboldened groups who in the past of these groups, their activities and operated underground in secret. “He how they operate, the SPLC hopes to can’t bring himself to acknowledge that combat extremism. The Unite the Right terrorism committed by white event was organised to protest at the

removal of a statue of Robert E Lee, the Confederate general. The rally was held in what used to be called Lee Park, but was recently renamed Emancipation Park. Research found that there are at least 1,503 symbols celebrating the Confederacy in public spaces, from monuments to schools named after those who fought to uphold slavery. Of the 109 schools named after prominent Confederates, a quarter have a majority of African-American students, and 10 schools have an African-American count of over 90 per cent. Some cities, including Baltimore, Maryland and Birmingham, Alabama quietly removed or covered statues in the wake of events but Trump spoke up in their defence: “This week it’s Robert E Lee… I wonder, is it George Washington next week, and is it Thomas Jefferson the week after? You know you really do have to ask yourself, where does it stop?” “I’m sure white supremacists remain reassured that they have a friend in the White House,” Cohen concludes. While racism is so entrenched in parts of American society tragic consequences are inevitable. As the final post that Heather Heyer wrote on her Facebook page before going to stand up to hate says: “If you are not outraged, you’re not paying attention”.



General hate


Racist skinhead

Black Separatist


Christian Identity



Ku Klux Klan

Holocaust Denial

Racist music

White Nationalist

Radical Traditional Catholicism

THE BIG ISSUE / p23 / August 21-27 2017


The prison crisis and why it’s making women homeless Riots, overcrowding, reoffending. The failing prison service is condemning female offenders to a life sentence AFTER they are released. Dionne Kennedy uncovers a preventable catch-22 and looks at what can be done about it


he prison system is in ‘meltdown’, with unrest and riots this summer the ugly face of a creaking system. Frances Crook of the Howard League for Penal Reform, who made the meltdown claim last week, added that signs of improvement are hard to find. It’s not just on the inside that the system is failing, recent figures show the majority of female offenders – a staggering 60 per cent – become homeless when they’re released. The same percentage of reoffenders said they wouldn’t have felt forced to commit other crimes had they found a suitable home of their own. “It’s just as one woman said to us, ‘without a roof over your head you haven’t got a hope’,” explains Jenny Earle, director of reducing women’s imprisonment at the Prison Reform Trust. “We’re still in a

situation where prisons discharge women at the end of their sentences without anywhere to go.” So why are so many female offenders left without a home? The gaps in provision are obvious to Earle and other campaigners and, frustratingly for those fighting to better the system, are exactly the same as a decade ago when the Commonweal Housing charity piloted the Re-Unite project in south London. Formed in 2003, the privately funded housing charity has spent over £6m on existing housing stock to support their projects, which set out to help women leaving prison to gain access to their children, which itself often relied on the provision of suitable housing. Around 100 mothers and 200 children were supported throughout the 10 years,

THE BIG ISSUE / p24 / August 21-27 2017


however the initial recommendations made by the charity remain overlooked by a decade of apparent reform. “We identified a serious failing in the criminal justice system,” says Edward Lowe of Commonweal Housing. “Women were left in a catch-22 situation. They were unable to be reunited with their own children due to lack of housing when they finished their sentence. However, when they presented as homeless at local housing authorities, they weren’t considered to be a priority without children, with some even considered to have made themselves intentionally homeless.” A definition of homelessness isn’t set across Britain, with each local authority able to define their own parameters. Evidence points to many women being turned away from emergency housing

services because they’re seen as being ‘intentionally homeless’, having known that committing a crime could lead to the loss of their home. “Re-Unite highlighted an area of social injustice which simply shouldn’t exist,” Lowe adds. “It is a model which picks up the pieces left by the failings in the criminal justice system. It exposed the ongoing flaws in the housing system as it continues to fail those in need of the stability housing provides. The project also laid bare a manifestation of poverty and its damning impact on families, with many of the mothers in the Re-Unite programme forced to offend through poverty; the programme highlighted some serious failings within the system as so many of those Re-Unite supported shouldn’t have been in prison in the first place. “Unfortunately many of the injustices facing E

THE BIG ISSUE / p25 / August 21-27 2017


mothers in the criminal justice system highlighted find a solution are well known, but it’s making that through Re-Unite continue to exist. Its work serves happen that’s the problem.” to further expose a nationwide housing problem Touted as a revolutionary way of managing – a huge number of people living in abject poverty.” offenders, the Transforming Rehabilitation The overwhelming majority (80 per cent) of programme tabled by the coalition government in 2010 has actually made things worse. The women in custody are there on a short sentence (less than 12 months) for non-violent crimes, like programme was rolled out under the Offender shoplifting and petty theft. Around 15 per cent were Rehabilitation Act 2014 and saw further privatisation of prisons – there are currently 14 privately run already homeless before serving their sentence. Financially, the odds are stacked against female institutions in the UK – as well as major offenders from the outset. The poverty cycle leads outsourcing under which half of the country’s rehabilitation services were given to eight companies many to offend initially. Housing benefits being cut after 13 weeks in custody means not only a loss of to the tune of £3.7bn and the loss of 8,000 highly home, but a likely mountain of rent arrears on skilled jobs. The move, with a high turnover of staff, less autonomy and a laden workload, has release. Universal credit applications left many caseworkers struggling, and as are available online only – being in prison removes access to that. found in a report by employment ‘THE GAPS IN researcher Professor Gill Kirton of Queen There are 12 women’s prisons in PROV I S ION A R E Mary University of London, “the England and one in Scotland (where prisons are a devolved issue) – none in deprofessionalisation was almost OBVIOUS AND Wales. On average, women are immediate”. A 25 per cent rise in the T H E Y ’ R E E X A C T LY number of serious offences committed imprisoned 64 miles away from home, so they often have difficulty T H E S A M E A S 1 0 by offenders on probation since these maintaining a local connection – a changes illustrates the failings to the most YE A R S AG O’ common prerequisite for getting local vulnerable from the 21 private probation authority housing. The geographical services across the country. difficulties of fewer prisons spread over a broader Despite evidence that projects like Re-Unite area means case workers are left with a drastic work, they’ve found it difficult to introduce the increase in travel time – and offenders are often programme elsewhere with the barriers thrown left without the support of family and friends, up by the changes. recognised as an integral part in rehabilitation. “The Transforming Rehabilitation programme has certainly impacted on our ability to replicate the Re-Unite project elsewhere,” says Lowe. “It’s With growing figures and a clear solution, why inhibited the funding available for vital community is nobody listening? services and for ourselves and so many others, “There’s a definite sense of fragmentation when it stemmed our access to offenders within prison. comes to assigning responsibility to dealing with “When an offender is serving a sentence, in-reach the housing needs of women prisoners,” Earle says. support is so important, and the lack of it is having a “It’s a situation that requires some national serious knock-on effect on our ability to help those leadership and some joined-up thinking between in need of it most. It’s been detrimental to so many national and local government. I think the steps to types of in-reach service, including those offered through Re-Unite.”

Women in prison – the numbers

of female prisoners are homeless on release

of women in prison have experienced domestic abuse

31% of women in prison spent time in local authority care as a child

of women in prison are reconvicted within one year of release

of female inmates are serving sentences of 12 months or less

of reoffending women say a home would have kept them from a return to crime

of women in prison are single mothers before conviction

of women in prison have no previous convictions

How do we break the cycle? Organisations like the Prison Reform Trust are advocates for prison as a last resort. While the law requires that prison should only be imposed when a lesser sanction can’t be justified, the Trust encourages magistrates to remember the impact of unnecessarily strict sentences on children and families.Social enterprises in prisons are also now more commonplace than ever before. Their benefits are many; not only can they teach offenders a skill, but these skills are integral to their chances of successful release and curbing reoffending rates. Last week, we featured The Clink Charity, just one fantastic social enterprise set to revolutionise the prison system by leading the way in offering offenders a second chance. Using the power of food, the programme has seen a 41 per cent reduction in reoffending from its participants. Organisations including social enterprises and the government could also step in before repeat offenders are given custodial sentences, giving people an escape route before they are lost in the downward spiral of the prison system. @bowliekids


Above: Our previous feature on the arts project that’s reconnecting kids with their dads inside Low Moss prison; left and below, the words and pictures from some of the Inside Stories done by prisoners

FATHERS, FAIRYTALES AND A FUTURE WITHOUT CRIME Family contact is the “golden thread” that needs to run through prison reform, according to a recent Ministry of Justice report. The review, conducted by Lord Farmer, looked at the importance of strengthening prisoners’ family ties in reducing reoffending rates, which currently cost society an estimated £13-£15bn per year. Inside Stories, a project by the charity Create, attempts to solve these issues by enabling prisoners to create storybooks for their kids – who often appear as characters. “It unlocks a whole new way of communicating with their children, both in prison and on the outside,” says Nicky Goulder, the chief executive of Create. “I sat in a prison with a guy who spent one hour cutting out a white fluffy owl for his story – a whole hour because this was a key character and the stories are usually written about their children, for their children.” The programme works with men in institutions across England including HMP & YOI Rochester and Isis prison, and is run by a collection of professional writers, visual artists and musicians. After 12 half-day workshops of writing, illustrating and recording an audio version of their story – that includes music and sound effects – the prisoners perform the stories to their children and

families. The initiative is enormously popular, with prisoners even having requested a transfer to certain jails in order to take part in Inside Stories. It echoes the ethos of a radical project at Low Moss prison outside Glasgow, where inmates spent time with their children within the prison walls working on art and other activities. Instead of the typical break-up of families that prison can cause, the Low Moss pilot helped maintain the ties that have been shown to cut reoffending rates. Goulder continues: “The investment of the guys, the concentration and commitment to these stories as the self-expression of everything they feel about their children – the sense of that is just absolutely palpable.” The Ministry of Justice report emphasises how family connections should be prioritised along with education and employment as the “third leg of the stool” that brings stability and structure to prisoners’ lives. Research shows that prisoners who receive visits from a family member have odds of reoffending that are 39 per cent lower than those who don’t. Goulder agrees with the findings and explains that Inside Stories does more than help fathers feel connected to their children: “The project is also geared around giving offenders the chance to develop their own social skills, confidence, communication, teamwork, developing creative thinking, working to deadline – lots of things which are key skills for getting a job, going to interviews and forming relationships with other people.”

Sophie Monaghan-Coombs @sophiemc01

THE BIG ISSUE / p27 / August 21-27 2017

A SECOND CHANCE AT LEARNING Education can be the route to a better life but plenty of people miss out first time around. Adam Forrest finds out about the college offering a second shot at the classroom


or many young people across Britain, the past couple of weeks have been a nervy, exciting time. After exam results landed, a huge number are now busy planning their future at college or university. For others, first steps on their working life beckons. But what happens to those who never got the chance to finish their education at all? Or for those who were let down, failed by a system there to build for the future? A unique college is offering people the opportunity to have another run – to make a success of learning second time around. The National Extension College (NEC) provides adults of all ages and backgrounds the chance to embark on GCSEs and A Levels, as well as a wide range of vocational and business courses. And Big Issue vendors and Britain’s prisoners are among the often left-behind groups able to take advantage of the opportunity to gain much-needed qualifications. Set up to reach people and places the rest of the education system can’t – including prisons – the NEC allows would-be learners to sign up for online courses. Based in Cambridge, the distance-learning charity provides course materials and the tutors to help students through the work remotely, keeping in touch by email or Skype. “If you left school without any qualifications, for whatever reason, it needn’t be the end of your education,” says the NEC’s chief executive Dr Ros Morpeth, who describes herself as a “second-chance learner”, having gone to university as a mature student. “Everyone deserves a second chance.” The college works closely with the Prisoners’ Education Trust (PET) to overcome the barriers of the prison walls and to broaden educational opportunities for offenders. Recent Ministry of Justice research shows that the reoffending rate among prisoners who took advantage of PET funding grants to gain qualifications was just 19 per cent, compared to 26 per cent among prisoners who did not study.

“We get phone calls and messages from people all the time who have got their qualifications, found work and gone on to build a better life,” explains Morpeth. “It is an amazing feeling to know you’ve been able to make a difference in someone’s life. We’re trying to help people give themselves opportunities they didn’t think were possible.” Some of this year’s recruits are set to come from the ranks of our magazine’s hard-working sales men and women. The National Extension College is working with The Big Issue on a bursary scheme to give magazine vendors interested in studying the chance to enroll and boost their employability – whether by gaining vital qualifications they missed out on as teenagers, or furthering their professional development through business courses. Morpeth explains that military personnel in search of qualifications, professionals looking to fit study around jobs, and pensioners looking for the chance to learn something new are among the many different kinds of students using the NEC. Some people with disabilities or health issues value the chance to complete courses from home. While bursaries and grant funding have been cut over the years, some employers and appropriate charities do help students cover the cost of NEC courses, most of which range from £425 to £625, with some discounts available. The recent changes to A level and GCSE specifications initiated by former education secretary Michael Gove have proved challenging for the college since they involved redesigning nearly 40 courses in a short time. With this work now in its final stage, Morpeth says that the future of the college looks bright. Big Issue Invest, the social investment arm of The Big Issue Group, has helped finance the work of the National Extension College. In fact, Big Issue Invest is providing finance for several life-changing organisations working to address and prevent poverty across the country. “The National Extension College gives prisoners and people from all walks of life a second chance to finish their education or gain qualifications,” says Alan Tudhope, investment manager at Big Issue Invest. “We are delighted to have invested in the college because they are handing people a vital opportunity to improve their lives.” /

THE BIG ISSUE / p29 / August 21-27 2017



All profits from the sale of the t-shirt will help transform the lives of children with life-altering genetic disorders. Modelled by Maya Jama Designed by Molly Lindsay from Glasgow School of Art Available in sizes small to X-large

JEANSFORGENES.ORG/SHOP Jeans for Genes ® and ™, © 2017 Genetic Disorders UK. Registered Charity Number 1141583.




Photo: Peter Dazeley

The news that Big Ben’s bongs could be silenced for four years created peals of outrage but the sound of silence is one we should get more used to. This picture is of Whitechapel Bell Foundry in the Whitechapel Road premises it moved to after the Great Fire of London. Whitechapel Bell Foundry claims to be the oldest manufacturing company in the country, casting Big Ben and Liberty Bell. However, they closed their doors in May this year. This picture comes from Unseen London, which captures the hidden side of the capital. X The new edition of Unseen London by Peter Dazeley and Mark Daly is out September 7 in hardback (Frances Lincoln, £30)

THE BIG ISSUE / p31 / August 21-27 2017

BOOKS The long and short of it Hair can reveal fascinating truths about us. Emma Tarlo tackles a knotty issue

Photo: Rex Features


air is a vital part of us. Paris and New York. There were even But hair is never just about economics Bound up in ideas of scavengers whose job it was to hook globs and politics. It always comes back to the beauty, morality, health, of waste hair out of French and Italian personal. I was struck by the intimacy of religion and politics, it gutters to make hair pieces for the fashion- hair stories people shared with me from black women discussing the role of wigs tells much about who we able and wealthy. Perhaps because it is secretive and and weaves in their lives, women with are and how we wish to be seen. But once cut, hair also forms part unregulated nature, the hair trade has alopecia discussing the traumas of hair of a billion-dollar global industry which always had its share of crime from the loss; orthodox Jewish women discussing most of us know little about. We are used mislabelling of products to robbery, fraud the logic and challenges of covering hair to seeing hair extensions and wigs on sale and even the occasional murder. It is a with hair, men seeking hair replacement or advertised in magazines but we rarely world where trust is difficult to come by. therapies to combat depression, and young think about where the hair is from and how Fears of catching anthrax, plague or lice girls donating their hair to charities which it got there. It was thinking about these have hampered the industry at different produce wigs for children undergoing questions that inspired me to write times, and politics have also played their chemotherapy. Such stories are touching part. In the 1960s the Americans banned reminders that hair is far from superficial. Entanglement. Entanglement explores the secret lives imports of hair from communist countries Entanglement also took me into the of hair, inviting readers to join me tracking and in 2004 orthodox Jewish rabbis world of the weird and wonderful. When I the journeys of hair around the world, banned the use of Indian hair in the wigs set out on my hair journeys I never exploring its myriad meanings and worn by many orthodox Jewish women for expected to meet a man who had made his entering into the hidden spaces where hair religious reasons. wedding outfit of human hair or to come is collected, recycled and traded. across wigs for dogs. I didn’t know I would Conducting research for the be queuing up at a Buddhist book meant travelling pagoda in Myanmar to through Asia, A frica, catch a glimpse of a single Europe and the United strand of the Buddha’s hair States meeting people or that I’d be shown porwhose livelihoods depend traits of world leaders from on hair: peddlers who travel President Obama to our own Queen Elizabeth that door to door throughout Asia buying balls of fallen were embroidered entirely hair which long-haired out of human hair by artists women have saved from in China. I wasn’t aware that proteins extracted their combs; Hindu pilgrims from hair are commonly who travel hundreds of used in animal food and miles in South India to offer their hair to gods at temples; were until recently used to poor women in Myanmar add elasticity to bread and pizzas. This was a journey (Burma) who sell their hair at the local market to pay off into the unexpected! What debts; Indian businessmen I learned from three years On a knife edge: Hindu devotees sacrifice their hair in Mumbai, India who auction hair by the ton of following the secret lives over the internet; Chinese workers who of hair is that hair is an extraordinary and dye, bleach, stitch and knot hair in vast versatile fibre that has been used in a huge factories which employ thousands of variety of ways whether for performing workers; Burmese women who earn little witchcraft, making personal mementos, sacred offerings and relics or for use in over £1 a day untangling hair for recycling more mundane objects such as ropes, oil and celebrity hairdressers in New York filters, hair nets and hydrometers. What whose luxury wigs sell for over $6,000. It is a world of extremes and surprises. began as research into the market for wigs What fascinated me most was how and extensions became a much wider exploration of the extraordinary uses and something as intimate and personal as hair symbolism of hair. Researching could end up travelling thousands of miles Entanglement has changed the and gaining new life on someone else’s way I see hair for ever. head. It turned out that none of this is new. The Romans enjoyed wearing wigs made from German hair and in the 19th century there was a substantial trade in hair from Entanglement: The Secret Lives of Hair by Emma Tarlo (Oneworld, Italy, France, Germany and China to satisfy £10.99) is out now the trend for elaborate hair dos in London,

“Hair isn’t just about economics and politics. It always comes back to the personal. I was struck by the intimacy of the stories” THE BIG ISSUE / p32 / August 21-27 2017

1. CARRIE Stephen King Proof that you needn’t sacrifice plot or pace for depth and humanity. No book since Lord of the Flies has examined child-on-child cruelty so devastatingly as King did with his debut. 2. ARISTOTLE AND DANTE DISCOVER THE SECRETS OF THE UNIVERSE Benjamin Alire Sáenz Truth, beauty and swimming lessons with two of the most endearing leads I can recall. Sweet but not saccharine; angry but not dull; a queer masterpiece addressing race, class, sexuality and gender. 3. THE SECRET DIARY OF ADRIAN MOLE AGED 13 AND 3/4 Sue Townsend The world is a lesser place without Townsend. Fortunately her brilliance will be devoured for centuries to come in the form of Mole, her gloriously idiotic savant. 4. THE GREAT GATSBY F Scott Fitzgerald What is adolescence if not a decade-long boner over those we can never have? And here we’re gifted the two biggest boners (and boneheads) of them all. This book will teach you how to read, how to write and how not to live your life. 5. STRANGELAND Tracey Emin A hazy fever-dream of a memoir. In turns sexy, sad, brutal and hopeful. Emin is a startling combination of grit and vulnerability, and Strangeland is as much a love letter as a ‘fuck you’ to the fascinating life that made her. Another Place by Matthew Crow (Atom, £7.99) is out now


What the journalist saw Peering at the quirks and oddities that make us revel in being human


ournalism is a somew h at d i s p a r a ge d artform these days. When we think of journalists, many think of muckraking red-tops or poorly written clickbait, designed to elicit cheap thrills in the reader. But at its best, journalism can tap into human stories in a way no other form of writing can, and we have two of the best examples of such humane and perceptive journalism in this week’s column. First up is the wonderful The Passion of Harry Bingo by Peter Ross. Fans of great observational journalism will be familiar with Ross’s work, in Scotland on Sunday, and The Guardian, as well as right here in The Big Issue. Ross’ debut collection of articles, Daunderlust, was a delightful romp around the hinterlands of Scotland’s society, at once deeply insightful and empathetic, and it won awards and acclaim in equal measure. This follow-up offers more of the same, and moves beyond. The words of recommendation and rave quotes on the cover from Ian Rankin and William McIlvanney, and a foreword by Val McDermid, are not overboard. In his introduction Ross explains that he tries to be ‘keen but kind’ in his work, letting the passions of the people he talks to express themselves, keeping himself out of the story as much as possible, and in that way reporting on others’ lives so that we might know more about them, and by extension ourselves. The end result is an incredible picture of a nation and its psyche, expressed through the stories of the quirky but convincing groups of people who make up the country. So we go from flying over the remote islands of Orkney to working in a sex shop in Glasgow. The words that featured first in The Big Issue include his look at the world crazy golf championships

Illustration: Dom McKenzie



in Hastings and a beautiful and profound piece with a band called Esperanza, their past and future shaped by the helicopter crash tragedy in the Clutha pub in Glasgow. Ross has deep compassion for and interest in the people he’s talking to. He manages to write without judgement but always illuminates sides previously hidden. He’s the sort of journalist other journalists would like to be. Equally empathetic is the heartbreaking Ghosts of the Tsunami by Richard Lloyd Parry. The author has lived and worked in Tokyo for 22 years as a foreign correspondent, and

The Passion of Harry Bingo Peter Ross, Sandstone, £8.99 Ghosts of the Tsunami Richard Lloyd Parry Jonathan Cape, £16.99

THE BIG ISSUE / p33 / August 21-27 2017

this book seeks to tackle Japan’s catastrophic tsunami of 2011. The scale of such a subject is almost too big to comprehend, so Parry does the sensible thing and focuses on an individual incident, the death of the majority of pupils at the Okawa primary school in the city of Ishinomaki. A total of 74 pupils and 10 staff died in the tsunami’s wave, having inexplicably waited 45 minutes to evacuate after warnings had been given. Parry spoke to the parents and friends of the children and staff involved, and his relating of first-hand accounts of the tragedy is almost unbearable to read at times. But the book goes on to suggest ways of facing such overwhelming catastrophe, and ways of finding consolation in the face of such overpowering loss. Not an easy read, but a rewarding one all the same.

Words: Doug Johnstone @doug_johnstone

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Streets of rage

This new depiction of 1967 has impact – but little insight


athryn Bigelow’s new film Detroit chronicles the riots that inflamed the city in July 1967. They were a defining episode in the troubled history of race relations in the US: protests by black residents against a police raid in this effectively segregated city spilled over into five days of unrest. The National Guard were called to quell the violence that left more than 40 dead, mostly African Americans. Bigelow is a remarkable director, one of the finest in the US today. From the high style of the vampire movie Near Dark to the adrenalised delirium of Point Break, Bigelow managed that rare trick of retaining her own voice while working within the system. Her work of late is ostensibly more ‘serious’, turning away from pulp sources to real-life subject matter like the Iraq war of The Hurt Locker or the hunt for Osama bin Laden in Zero Dark Thirty. But across all her work is an immersive ferocity, a mighty talent for staging action and a fascination with violence, both its bloody consequences and its queasy appeal. Detroit boasts many moments of the director on top form, but is an uneven, vaguely frustrating movie that reveals as much about the limitations as the expressive thrill of Bigelow’s approach.

Bigelow directs the motel scenes with a commanding control of atmosphere, a harrowing sense of claustrophobia. It’s as gruelling a depiction of police-instigated race violence as I can think of, and of course finds a contemporary echo in the tragedies of our own Black Lives Matter era. But the spectacle of these white cops humiliating and abusing blameless young black men is hard to watch: with her genius for visceral impact, Bigelow turns this into a kind of horror movie that can only be experienced with an appalled dread. To call this sensationalism is unfair, but I did wish the movie adopted a more searching, probing attitude towards this dreadful historical episode. Beyond its (admittedly virtuoso) restaging of facts, Detroit falls short, a blunt instrument with little insight into the systemic causes behind the racism. A second viewing might reveal a more sophisticated and layered film, offering lessons for today beyond a simple reconstruction of events.

Introducing us to the tinderbox atmosphere of Detroit on the brink of violent protest, the film is terrific. Through short, fragmentary scenes, Bigelow offers a portrait of the city that is sprawling, panoramic, and echoes the urgent quasi-documentary style of The Hurt Locker (they share a cinematographer in Barry Ackroyd). It’s blisteringly vivid film-making that plants us in the Detroit of 50 years ago with keen immediacy. The film then focuses on its central episode. Taking shelter from the disturbances, a band of promisDetroit is in cinemas from August ing young soul musicians called 25. Turn to page 18 for Stuart The Dramatics hole up in the Cosgrove’s take on the events of summer 1967. annex of the Algiers Motel. There, they hang out with some young African American men and two white women. But when FINAL REEL... one of the guests fires a starter Four years after completing his ‘final’ film Behind the Candelabra pistol out of the window, the cops American director Steven and National Guardsmen gath- Channing Tatum plans a heist in Logan Lucky Soderbergh is back with a new ered outside storm the hotel. movie, Logan Lucky. Starring A long, tense, and hardhitting sequence follows in which the cops Channing Tatum as a down-at-heel hillbilly taunt and brutalise these young black men. with a plan to rob a Nascar racing event, Looking on helplessly is black security guard it’s raucous fun, a kind of grungy take on (John Boyega), unnerved and disgusted by Soderbergh’s Ocean’s 11 films. the violence (orchestrated by Will Poulter’s Words: Edward Lawrenson @EdwardLawrenson patrolman) but unable to intervene. THE BIG ISSUE / p35 / August 21-27 2017



Louis Armstrong in 1955


Free at last


want to like jazz. I am 48, surely it is time for a jazz hat to cover my bald patch? Being a teenager in the 1980s, jazz imagery was everywhere. You didn’t have to listen to Miles Davis, just have large monochrome posters of him. I like watching jazz, especially free jazz. There’s something thrilling about a cacophony that seems to follow no rules. It also returns you to that teenage thrill of playing music and having people wince “What’s that awful noise?” In the early 1990s, there was a burst of new independent radio stations offering more specialised musical output. Most then found “market pressure” meant that they had to get more commercial. T he late -n ig ht insomniac DJ might play something more arcane. Like many digital stations listened to via laptop, you can thumbs up or thumbs down each song. The Dizzy Gillespie Sextet performance of The Champ, live from Montreux, got my thumbs-up. It is useful that I have no idea what is fashionable or credible, so my mind isn’t too laden by preconceived notions of what to like, though Wayne’s World did warn me about Kenny G. I have found myself increasingly wooed towards the galactic mysticism of Sun Ra and his Arkestra after listening to Jez Nelson’s show Somethin’ Else which played a wonderful cover of Sun Ra’s Where Pathways Meet by Friendly Galaxy No. 1, though

I’m not sure Jazz FM’s website is without its glitches as after listening to the beautifully incessant cosmic soundtrack I was informed it was a hardcore punk band from south Florida. Much as I would love to think that the punks had a jazz epiphany on the road to Fort Lauderdale, it doesn’t seem so. Searching for jazz on the BBC, I found an intriguing documentary, The Jazz Ambassadors of the Cold War on Radio 4, presented by composer and pianist Julian Joseph. Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong were among the great jazz musicians sent to the oil-producing countries Turkey, Greece and Yugoslavia to show that the “free world” produced the best music and therefore was a better ally. Could US jazz beat Russian ballet? Jazz was deemed uniquely American, a pinnacle of modernism. When playing in Karachi, Gillespie realised ticket prices were too high and said, “I am not going to play until you let the ragamuffin children in.” As these tours continued, the contradiction of having African Americans ambassadors for a liberal nation when they actually lived in a segregated societ y made the concerts seem increasingly ironic. Where the story goes from there becomes deeply fascinating, and yet again reminded me why, however long it takes, I am going to learn to love jazz.

“I have no idea what’s fashionable or credible, though Wayne’s World did warn me about Kenny G”

Words: Robin Ince @robinince THE BIG ISSUE / p36 / August 21-27 2017


It’s the August bank holiday weekend and, if you are in London, that can only mean the Notting Hill Carnival (August 26-28, Notting Hill, London; thelondonnotting taking over a huge chunk of the west of the city. It’s a huge event packed into a small space – that’s why some love it and also why some are less keen. But, like Glastonbury, everyone should go at least once. There is nothing quite like it.

If you want to dance but stay south of the river, South West Four (August 26 & 27, Clapham, London; might just fit the bill. Acts include the

return of Pendulum, as well as Tinie Tempah (below), Fabio & Grooverider, Deadmau5 and Eric Prydz. Dance through and avail of the public holiday on Monday. Reading/Leeds might be the big festival draw this bank holiday weekend but Victorious Festival (August 25-27, Portsmouth; victoriousfestival. has the dual attraction of music and the seaside in its favour. Madness and Elbow are among the headliners but the return of Franz Ferdinand is perhaps the most tantalising turn here. For those who want to recreate the dawning of music-centric youth tribes, the Brighton Modernist & 60s Weekender (August 25-27, Brighton; newuntouchables. com) offers a time tunnel back to the glory days of desert boots, carefully styled hair and Vespas. Just


Archi-texture What do bricks and mortar sound like? Musicity sets cities to music by blending sound and structure


don’t go looking for trouble with the rockers on the beach. More music-centric tribes are celebrated at Doctor’s Orders Presents History of Hip Hop Party (August 26, Southbank, London; southbankcentre., which dips back to the funk of the 1960s to trace the chronology of one of the most exciting genres of the 20th century.

Should you prefer your entertainment a little older (and a little more about the melee), Gladiator Games (August 25-28, Guildhall Yard, London; museumoflondon. transports you back to Roman Londinium and the site of the city’s only Roman amphitheatre. You can cheer on

gladiators as they do battle, your conscience safe in the knowledge that – 2,000 years on – no one will gets hurt this time. Even safer recreation comes in the form of Puppet Making (August 25, Weoley Castle, Birmingham; where you can spend lunch learning to make and operate puppets. Keep an eye out for the next Jim Henson. The bOing! International Family Festival (August 26 & 27, Canterbury; offers a familycentric weekend of theatre, dance and film, featuring performers from the UK, Finland, Norway, the Netherlands and Portugal. Best of all, it’s mostly free. Eamonn Forde

e take sound for granted in cities. There is so much you can explore if you walk around and listen. Composers and artists have long responded to the architecture of a city but, perhaps, in recent years, most music to be heard in a new building tends to be muzak. Musicity is definitely not about lift music! A piece of music can reshape the way you feel about a place and we’re inviting people to seek out all sorts of buildings, celebrated and obscure, in order to L is for library: The distinctive building in Peckham discover music attached to it. Musicity is a platform for the discovery of new music It’s important to encourage people to and architectural spaces. discover new corners of the city, and music Alongside talks, walks and film screen- can be the catalyst for that. ings, I commissioned original pieces of music Sean O’Hagan from the High Llamas inspired by different locations, then once wrote a piece about Peckham Library. He you go to that location, by using the Musicity went into the building to figure out the app on a smartphone or a laptop, you are acoustics and created something that sounded like it was made able to stream that piece of music. Going to that within the space. Lyrically it particular spot, you get to talks about the architects not only experience the coming up with ideas for the space but also the feelings distinctive L-shaped building that the musician was and musically the track has a trying to convey. beautiful melody that works I’ve already done this in on a different level when you listen to it near that space. Tokyo, Singapore, Oslo and in other parts of London. Another really interesting The only stipulation for one is by Moses Boyd, who artists this time was that wrote a piece inspired by the building had to be in the Canada Water bus station. He borough of Southwark. But Electric dreams: the Shard has been looked at it as a hub for all that’s quite a spread and set to music as part of Musicity kinds of journeys – physically range of areas, from The but also spiritually and mentally – spinning off from this location Shard to places like Borough Market. The pieces could be instrumental or leading to all kinds of experiences and all lyrical. I’m always surprised by the the different destinations it serves. responses of musicians. They spend a lot of Musically it has a rhythmic quality. It feels time and effort thinking about this project. like you’re taking a journey. It’s a tight brief and this piece will represent I hope we’ll be inspiring people to this building forever – it becomes the discover music that they don’t know they’re soundtrack of an area. looking for. It will be like seeing an iconic With The Shard, William Doyle created painting by Turner and being transported a kind of eighties electronic corporate sound to the actual spot on which he was standing that builds with vocals to become an almost when he painted it. choral piece. It’s inspired by the shape and scale of the building, organic in a way, even Words by Nick Luscombe, who is a broadcaster, though the building looks anything but DJ and creator of Musicity, which involves a organic. Now I see The Shard in a different weekend of events from September 8-10. @Musicityglobal way. He’s created a new memory. THE BIG ISSUE / p37 / August 21-27 2017

ADVERTISING CLASSIFIED To advertise: Jenny Bryan / The Foundation is the charitable arm of The Big Issue Company Ltd. and provides support services to vendors throughout Southern England and the Midlands.

Grants Manager Head OfďŹ ce, Finsbury Park Salary: ÂŁ30-35k per annum dependent on experience

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This is a challenging and exciting opportunity for an experienced Grants Manager. You’ll be joining the charity at an exciting time in our 22nd anniversary year and will manage a strong portfolio of funding projects. As Grants Manager, you will take personal responsibility for successfully developing the Foundation’s income from a diverse range of trusts, foundations, statutory funders and other funding bodies. This will involve researching future funding opportunities, submitting applications and producing written grant proposals on speciďŹ c aspects of vendor service to deliver and support wider organisational objectives. Reporting directly to the Chief Executive you will work autonomously but also as part of the wider Fundraising team to contribute to the overall fundraising strategy and other areas of fundraising where appropriate. You will liaise with the Finance Manager, National Services Director, and Area Service Managers to gather ďŹ nancial and other information with which to co-ordinate and develop approaches to potential funders, directly manage all relationships, administer electronic systems and keep ďŹ les up to date. You will take over an application schedule so you can hit the ground running and will then plan and develop your own schedule of work, including ensuring you submit funding applications, reports and outcomes before deadlines, and will therefore need to have excellent prioritisation and organisational skills. A proven track record of fundraising in this area is essential, along with excellent research, written and oral communication skills. This is an exciting opportunity for the right candidate who is looking for the next step and challenge in their career. From day one, you will have the chance to directly impact on the direction of the Foundation’s Trusts & Statutory Fundraising strategy as this post offers an exciting opportunity to use your skills and experience to contribute to one of the country’s most dynamic social initiatives. A commitment to the social objectives of The Big Issue is essential. Big Issue staff beneďŹ ts also include a generous holiday allowance, Bupa healthcare scheme, life cover and childcare vouchers.

Closing date: Sunday 27th August 2017 If you would like to apply for this opportunity then please visit our website and click the ‘Work for Us’ tab at the top of the page. If you have any queries, please email stating the job title and location.

Patient, carer and public involvement at the Royal College of Physicians Would you like to volunteer to improve health and healthcare? If so, the Royal College of Physicians would like to hear from you. The Royal College of Physicians (RCP) is seeking new members to join its Patient and Carer Network (PCN) in England. This is an exciting opportunity SN RG@OD SGD R VNQJ VHSG GNROHS@K CNBSNQR~ @MC SN HMEKTDMBD SGD ETSTQD NE GD@KSG @MC GD@KSGB@QD E XNT @QD @ O@SHDMS NQ B@QDQ~ NQ G@UD @ RSQNMF HMSDQDRS HM HLOQNUHMF GD@KSGB@QD~ VD V@MS SN GD@Q EQNL XNT NKTMSDDQ QNKDR U@QX CDODMCHMF NM SGD @LNTMS NE SHLD SG@S XNT B@M FHUD They include:  S@JHMF O@QS HM CHRBTRRHNMR NM NTQ NMKHMD O@SHDMS @MC B@QDQ BNLLTMHSX   FHUHMF @ O@SHDMSR UHDV NM RS@MC@QCR~ FTHC@MBD @MC QDONQSR EQNL SGD  and NHS   S@JHMF O@QS HM ENBTR FQNTOR NM RNLD NE SGD AHFFDRS HRRTDR HM GD@KSGB@QD~ EQNL O@SHDMS R@EDSX SN CNBSNQR SQ@HMHMF TQ UNKTMSDDQR BNLD EQNL @ Q@MFD NE A@BJFQNTMCR~ ATS RG@QD @ CDRHQD SN L@JD @ CHEEDQDMBD SN O@SHDMS B@QD N EHMC NTS LNQD~ OKD@RD CNVMKN@C @MC complete our short application form. Apply at Please return your completed application and all supporting documents to The closing date for applications is Sunday 17 September 2017 by midnight. If your application is shortlisted we will arrange a convenient time to call you for an informal chat by telephone between 9-11 October so that you have the opportunity to ask any questions and find out about the opportunities available. ¬¬ S MCQDVR K@BD~ DFDMSR @QJ~ NMCNM ¬ ¯ DK ¾¯¯ «­« ®«²° ¬±¯´~ @W ¾¯¯ «­« ²¯³² °­¬³~ VVVQBOKNMCNM@BTJ DFHRSDQDC BG@QHSX MN ­¬«°«³

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Santiago - Abandoned 1 year old cat with eye problems – now adopted in the UK – still undergoing eye treatment CARE 4 CATS HAVE BEEN WORKING ON IBIZA TO HELP THE FERAL AND ABANDONED CATS FOR 17 YEARS. WITH OUR HUMANE NEUTERING PROGRAMME, WE HAVE NEUTERED OVER 17,000 CATS IN THAT TIME. We also rehome over 200 abandoned kittens each summer, and rescue and give veterinary treatment to hundreds of injured or sick cats each year. We have 2 telephone lines for the public to call us 7 days a week. As we can’t afford to buy our own veterinary clinic, we are using 5 of the local vets and have very costly vet bills each month. We do not want to stop the work as we are making a huge difference on the island. We are well known in Ibiza and so we are receiving more and more calls for help. We are therefore constantly short of funds to cover our work and so we are appealing to like-minded people who want to help the cats. We are a small charity made up of volunteers who are passionate about helping the cats which we all love and want to improve their lives.

Please donate on line at or send a cheque to Care 4 Cats Brimar House East Street West Chiltington, West Sussex RH20 2JY. Contact telephone: 01798 812 300 office hours. UK registered charity No:110634 THE BIG ISSUE / p39 / August 21-27 2017

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However, this dog was lucky as we took him in and lovingly nursed him back to health and happiness. But there are many more poor souls out there on the streets of Sri Lanka, clinging to life, that desperately need our help. We are currently caring for over 1000 ƌĞƐĐƵĞĚ ƐƚƌĂLJƐ Ăƚ ŽƵƌ ďĞĂƵƟĨƵů ƐĂŶĐƚƵĂƌLJ ŝŶ ^ƌŝ >ĂŶŬĂ Ăůů ŶƵƌƐĞĚ ďĂĐŬ ƚŽ ŚĞĂůƚŚ ĂŌĞƌ Ă ƚĞƌƌŝďůĞ ƐƚĂƌƚ ŝŶ life. Animal SOS Sri Lanka is a UK Registered Charity ĚĞĚŝĐĂƚĞĚ ƚŽ ƐĂǀŝŶŐ ůŝǀĞƐ ĂŶĚ ŽīĞƌŝŶŐ Ă ďĞƩĞƌ ĨƵƚƵƌĞ for the street animals in Sri Lanka. We also conduct ŶĞƵƚĞƌŝŶŐ ǀĂĐĐŝŶĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ŚŽŵŝŶŐ ƐĐŚĞŵĞƐ Ƶƚ ƚŽ ĐŽŶƟŶƵĞ ǁĞ ŶĞĞĚ YOUR support now. ŽŶĂƟŽŶƐ SAVE ůŝǀĞƐ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞƌĞ ŝƐ ŶŽ ŐƌĞĂƚĞƌ ŐŝŌ ƚŚĂŶ that.


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What Our Students Say: Sarah Plater “I’m currently working on my fourth book, have been paid for my writing by at least 15 different magazines, and now earn half my income from writing – all thanks to The Writers Bureau’s course." George Stewart “I am delighted to tell everyone that the course is everything it says on the tin, excellent! I have wanted to write for years, and this course took me by the hand and helped me turn my scribblings into something much more professional. I am delighted that my writing is being published and I am actually being paid. All thanks to the Comprehensive Creative Writing course.” Walter Dinjos “I enrolled in The Writers Bureau’s Creative Writing course in the hope of building my confidence as a writer and ending my cycle of publishing failures. I currently work as a content writer with a writing agency and have even won an international writing competition."

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As a freelance proofreader and copy editor you can earn up to £22 an hour making sure that copy is professional and error free. Earning your share can be fun, varied and profitable. Our Proofreading and Copy Editing Course will show you how to set yourself up as a freelancer – either full or part-time – putting you in control of your working life! You’ll receive: 񡑁 A first-class, home-study course created by professionals 񡑁 Expert, personal tuition from your tutor 񡑁 Advice on all types of proofreading and copy editing techniques 񡑁 Plus much more!

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Reasons To Enrol

Expert Opinion

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“The material is very informative and interesting as well as covering pretty much everything you would need to know when starting to proofread. There are a lot of tips and ideas for freelancers in general that you can see have been tried and tested and are being passed on in good faith. “Overall, I found the information in this course very useful. It covered all the main areas that anyone interested in working as a proofreader/copy editor would need to know.” Shazia Fardous, Freelance Proofreader and Copyeditor

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Please send me free details of how to become a successful proofreader and copy editor.

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NAME .................................................................................................................................................... ADDRESS .............................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................. POST CODE .....................................

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The Writers Bureau 28

Years of Success

Members of The British Institute for Learning and Development and ABCC

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Writers Bureau


Years of Success


The Writers Bureau Writers Bureau


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Members of The British Institute for Learning and Development and ABCC

Please include your name and address

COMPETITION FOUNDERS John Bird and Gordon Roddick Group chair Nigel Kershaw Managing director Russell Blackman



EDITORIAL Editor Paul McNamee Managing editor Vicky Carroll Senior reporter Adam Forrest Features editor Steven MacKenzie Social media editor Andrew Burns Web content manager Theo Hooper Books editor Jane Graham Television editor Adrian Lobb Film Edward Lawrenson Radio Robin Ince Music Malcolm Jack Special correspondent Mark Hamill Walking and poverty correspondent Charles Dickens Business support manager Robert White PRODUCTION TEAM Led by art director Scott Maclean Production editor Sarah Reid Junior sub editor/writer Dionne Kennedy Junior sub editor/writer Liam Geraghty ADVERTISING 020 3890 3899 Group advertising director Andrea Mason Group advertising manager Helen Ruane Display Brad Beaver Classified and recruitment: 020 3890 3744 Account director Jenny Bryan Senior sales executive Imogen Williams Marketing and communications director Lara McCullagh

THE BIG ISSUE FOUNDATION Chief executive Stephen Robertson 020 7526 3458 Editorial Second Floor, 43 Bath Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW, 0141 352 7260 Distribution / London: 020 7526 3200 Printed at William Gibbons. Published weekly by The Big Issue, 3rd Floor, 113-115 Fonthill Road, Finsbury Park, London, N4 3HH

PPA PPA Scotland Cover of the Cover of the Year 2015 Year 2015 Paul McNamee British editor of the year 2016, BSME

A love story, set against the backdrop of World War One, is at the heart of this sweeping East meets West drama. Lillie (Hera Hilmar; Anna Karenina, Davinci’s Demons) and Jude (Josh Hartnett; Black Hawk Down, Penny Dreadful) are an American couple who leave the US to work in the Ottoman Empire for a medical mission run by Woodruff (Ben Kingsley; Gandhi, Schindler’s List). However, Lillie finds her loyalty tested when she meets an Ottoman lieutentant, Ismail (Michiel Huisman; Game of Thrones, The Age of Adaline), and falls in love with him. Lillie (main image with Ismail) must decide if she wants to be what other people want her to be, or to be herself. Love, war, a clash of civilisations… it doesn’t get much more dramatic than The Ottoman Lieutenant, which is out now on DVD and Blu-ray. We have five copies of The Ottoman Lieutenant to give away on DVD. To be in with a chance of winning, answer this question: In which film did Ben Kingsley play the iconic leader of the Indian independence movement?


THE BIG ISSUE / p44 / August 21-27 2017

Send your answers with OTTOMAN as the subject to competitions@bigissue. com or post to The Big Issue, 43 Bath Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW. Include your name and address. Closing date is September 5. Include OPT OUT if you don’t want to receive updates from The Big Issue. We will not pass your details to any third party. For full T&Cs see




There is just one simple rule in sudoku: each row, column and 3 x 3 box must contain the numbers one to nine. This is a logic puzzle and you should not need to guess. The solution will be revealed next week.


F 1







To win Operation Ouch! The Hu-Manual, mark where you think the ball is, cut out and send to: Spot the Ball (1270), second floor, 43 Bath St, Glasgow, G2 1HW, by August 29. Include your name, address and phone number. Enter by email: send grid position (e.g. A1) to




(Last week’s Spot the Ball revealed: Spurs v West Ham, 1984)


CRYPTIC CLUES Across 1. Delivery on the field that could cause physical injury? (3,5) 6. Deposit taken from the chessboard (4) 8. Discharge with or without a gun (4) 9. Overhead scales? (8) 10. Battered bangers (4-2-3-4) 11. Woman paid to clean fish (4) 13. Does music flow through it? (4) 17. Is there something less than honest in the manufacture of sunglasses? (5,8) 20. Girl dislodging a man’s hat (8) 21. Funny-sounding fence (2-2) 22. It is said to stop the supply of drink (4) 23. Actors are sad at what birds do (4,4)

To win a Chambers Dictionary, send completed crosswords (either cryptic or quick) to: The Big Issue Crossword (1270), second floor, 43 Bath Street, Glasgow, G2 1HW by August 29. Include your name, address and phone number. Issue 1268 winner is Anne Pound from Cardiff.

Down 2. Priest and not a girl (6) 3. Extent across the drab jumble (7) 4. It goes sideways in north-west London, according to the cockney (3-2) 5. Close relationship with family boat (7) 6. In a stupor chose to include a covered entrance (5) 7. Prattle about the cake (6) 12. It was automatic for awful boor with nervous spasm (7) 14. Stolen piano moved slowly (7) 15. The girl with fancy hat has cover for blade (6) 16. Avoid revolutionary in bearing south-west (6) 18. Channel for sap (5) 19. Attempts at killing (5)

Across 1. Citrus fruit (8) 6. Animal tooth (4) 8. Northern Scandinavian (4) 9. Bountiful (8) 10. Mardi Gras (6,7) 11. Sporting side (4) 13. Related (4) 17. Complete lack of meaning (13) 20. Cherished desire (8) 21. Baby’s bed (4) 22. Finish (4) 23. Welcoming (8) Down 2. Native American (6) 3. Strongly disapprove (7) 4. Rascal (5) 5. Case with insufficient evidence (7) 6. Paint solvent (inf.) (5) 7. Equals (anag.) (6) 12. Extracting money (7) 14. Design printed in relief (7) 15. Head protection (6) 16. Allot (6) 18. Use insufficient resources (5) 19. Scorch (5)


Issue 1269 solution CRYPTIC: Across – 1 Incite; 4 Off pat; 9 Bacilli; 10 Uhlan; 11 Booby trap; 12 Con; 13 Strong point; 18 Gnu; 19 Foretaste; 21 Icing; 22 Express; 23 Togged; 24 Esteem. Down – 1 Imbibe; 2 Cacao; 3 Tally-ho; 5 Frump; 6 Pelican; 7 Tuning; 8 Disregarded; 14 Touring; 15 Octopus; 16 Egoist; 17 Jetsam; 19 Fugue; 20 Scene. QUICK: Across – 1 Dosage; 4 Sliver; 9 Placebo; 10 Metal; 11 Canaletto; 12 Cat; 13 Translucent; 18 Oil; 19 Buttercup; 21 Paint; 22 Nepotic; 23 Rugged; 24 Spared. Down – 1 Depict; 2 Slain; 3 Gremlin; 5 Limbo; 6 Vatican; 7 Relate; 8 Postulating; 14 Relying; 15 Creep up; 16 Hopper; 17 Spaced; 19 Bathe; 20 Cater.

THE BIG ISSUE / p45 / August 21-27 2017

Photos: Action Images



Dimitra Piagou, 65 SHEDIA, GREECE

“I love the magazine. I feel it is mine. The magazine embraces human souls” THIS WEEK WE VISIT... GREECE My Pitch is taking a summer holiday. This week’s vendor, Dimitra Piagou, sells Shedia, a street paper in Greece. Set up as a response to the country’s devastating austerity measures in 2013, Shedia is now part of a network of more than 110 magazines and newspapers in over 35 countries. They have 300 vendors who buy the magazine for €1.50 and sell it for €3.


was born and raised in Athens. My parents divorced when I was nine months old and I never saw my father. Our first meeting was at my 16th birthday, and our relationship lasted for only one year. He moved to Canada and since then I have no news of him. I graduated from high school and intended to study philology. I prepared all summer but then breast cancer hit me for the first time. I was only 21 years old. My universe was overthrown. I didn’t have courage to go on but I had to do something. I got a job in an advertising company, and over seven years got a very high salary but something ate at me. A friend of mine who owned a laundry had a serious accident and asked me to help. After

six months, she told me that she met someone and would follow him abroad and that, if I wanted, I could take over the business. I decided to chance it. In three years I changed area and bought a house. In 1997 I lost my seven-year-old niece, my grandmother and my cousin to cancer, and next year it hit me again, this time my stomach. In 2003, I lost my partner of 23 years to cancer. Since then I have been alone. The worst year was 2011. The crisis found me and everything changed. The slide was rapid, the mortgage defaulted on the building and I had to auction off brand new machines. A month later I was evicted. I slept for a week on benches with my dogs. It was

THE BIG ISSUE / p46 / August 21-27 2017

a terrible experience. I kept looking for any job but my age has always been an inhibiting factor. At a metro station I saw a Shedia salesman and, after I bought the magazine, I asked them about it. When I started I was very ashamed. But seeing the warmth and appreciation of the world lifts me up, even if I’m not feeling good or I’m hurting. I learned to be stoic. I would not say that I have become more optimistic. I’m afraid of tomorrow. If something happens with my health, I do not know what to do. I love the magazine. I feel good. I feel it is mine. The magazine embraces human souls. I believe in it, whatever happens in my life. Courtesy of Shedia /