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The Windy

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QUỲNH NHƯ (Chã biên)

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MỸ HƯƠNG & THANH HẢI

NHÀ XUẤT BẢN TỪðIẺN BÁCH KHOA

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LỜI'NÓI'ðẦU

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“Các dạng bài tập ñọc kiểu tiếng Anh” ñượe biên soạn nhằm phục vụ ñối tượng là học sinh phổ thông, học viên ñang học Tiếng Anh ñể luyện thi vào các trường cao ñẳng, ñại học . Tài liệu tham khảo này giúp các bạn luyện khả năng ñọc hiểu qua nhiều dạng bài tập ñọc hiểu khác nhau. Tài liệu ñồng thời cũng là nguồn tham khảo phong phú cho các giáo viên tiêng Anh trong quá trình giảng ñaỵ và kiểm tra môn tiêng Anh. Cuốn sách này ñược phân chia làm 6 phần, mỗi phần là một dạng bài tập ñọc hiêu ñược biên soạn theo mức ñộ khó tăng dần và có phần ñáp án kèm theo ñể bạn ñọc có thể ñối chiếu tham khảo: Phần A: Reading Comprehension (word meaning from context) Phần B: Reading Comprehension (sentence) Phần C: Reading Comprehension (gap-filling) Phần D: Reading Comprehension (multiple choice) Phần E: Reading Comprehension (answer the question) Phần F: Reading Comprehension (multiple exercises) Tôi hi vọng cuốn sách này sẽ giúp các bạn làm quen với các dạng bài tập ñọc hiểu cũng như cách làm bài, trau dồi tiếng Anh củng cố nâng cao kiến thức trước mỗi kỳ thi. Khi biên soạn cuốn sách này tôi không tránh khỏi những thiếu sót. mong quý ñộc giả và các bạn ñồng nghiệp góp ý ñể cuốn sách trở thành công cụ hữu ích cho bạn ñọc. Chúc các bạn thành công 5

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Fart A ĐẠ O

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Word Meaning From Context

HƯ NG

Use the context to help you determine the meaning o f each highlighted word.

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Exercise 1:

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1. Both sides in the election contest are throwing accusations at each other. The Gore supporters claim that Governor Bush is trying to thwart the will of the people. The Bush supporters say that Mr. Gore is trying to create votes or assign choices to people who did not really cast votes for president What does “thwart” mean?

A

SL help

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b. figure out c. block d. tickle 2. There is a legal battle raging and the judges are concerned that time is running out Lawyers are being asked to expedite the matter by getting theừ paperwork in early. What does “expedite”mean? a. quicken b. agree on c. sue d. discuss

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3. The Florida legislature believes that it has the power to choose the winner of the election if the courts haven’t finished their %ork by December 12. Both houses are controlled by Republicans and they would surely resolve the matter in Bush’s favor.

TP

What does “resolve” mean?

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a. cancel c. debate

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b. consider f ■ '

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d. settle 4. The election could actually end up being decided in the U.S. Congress. AI Gore’s vice presidential running mate, Joe Lieberman, and perhaps Mr. Gore himself, would be able to vote on the matter. Some would argue that they should recuse themselves, but ứiey would probably! exercise theừ right to vote.

CẤ

What does “recuse” mean?

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a. step aside and not be involved

• b. admit that you are wrong

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c. leave the country

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d. insist on being heard Exercise 2ĩ

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L Fortunately, the dizzy speỉl was transient. He was able to continue playing within seconds and had no trouble winning the match. When you describe an event as “transient,” you are saying that 7

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: a. it sounds like a train b. it is quite harmful

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c. it helps you win

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it doesn't iast long

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

2. Brea and Elizabeth are having a dispute over which radio station to play at work. It would be so much simpler if they both liked the same kind of music. A “dispute” is a _________ .

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a. musical instrument

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b. choice of music

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c. discovery

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^.disagreement

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3. When they heard the good news about die court’s decision, the angry crowd cheered and then began to disperse. “It looks like everyone is going home,” one reporter stated.

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Which would be the opposite of “disperse'’?

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b. smile

(^Ljbome together

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c. fly like a bird d. sing

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4. It’s a wonder to me how anyone can still be undecided about this election. These two candidates are certainly distinct. Each would lead our nation in opposite directions.

BỒ

What does “distinct” mean? a. needing a bath 8

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b, dishonest c) clearly different

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d. about the same age

ĐẠ O

Exercise 3:

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1. Mr. Huge was very proud of his auto superstore. “We have such an extensive selection of cars,” he said, “so everyone should find a vehicle that he or she will love!”

ẦN

The word “extensive” means_________ .

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a. costing a lot of money

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0 large amount

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c. having no color

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d. not enough

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2. Friendship is a priceless thing. If Chris puts a price, or conditions, on her friendship, it’s no longer priceless. In fact, it’s not real friendship at all!

If something is “priceless”, _________ .

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a. it has a missing tag

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b. it has no value 0 it h^s great value

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d. it is made out of rice

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3. The new story was based on a letter that was a fabrication. Now the reporter who wrote the story is in big trouble. Will anyone believe him again? A “fabrication” is ' 9

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a. made of cloth b. full of long words

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c. funny ch fake

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ĐẠ O

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4. The reporter insisted that the letter he used was authentic. He said that he had shown it to many experts before he used it in his story. When something is “authentic”, it’s _____ .

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n c. fill! of tasty worms d. very old 5. In 1975, Governor James promised to do something about the high taxes in our state. She didn’t present a tax cut bill to lawmakers until 1985. It took her a decade to keep her promise, but better late than never. How long is a “decade”? a. 75 years b. 85 years a century d. 10 years

NG

Exercise 4:

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1. Your cousin claimed to be late because the doors of his house were frozen shut. Even though I have my doubts, his explanation is plausible. It got really cold last night I'll just have to take his word for it.

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If a statement is “plausible”, __________. a. you must always believe it b. you should never believe it c. it’s hard to understand because it makes no sense L/it's believable enough to possibly be true _ 2. If you don't curtail your spending, you'll be broke in no time at all! Which word is a synonym of "curtail"?^ reduce b. follow c. behind d. buy v 3. No word must ever leak out about this military action! It has to be a clandestine operation ỉn order to succeed. f Which word is a synonym of "clandestine"? a. family b. useful 0 dangerous d. secret 4. Put this medicine on your aim and rub it into your skin until it’s invisible. It will inhibit the infection's attempt to spread. What does ‘‘inhibit” mean? a. live in a certain place b. block or slow down c. itch or bum help to do something important 11

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Exercise 5: t Murphy Mole is ữie protagonist in tike new novel by Trent Troll. Murphy must stop Oscar Rat and Shrimpy Shark from enslaving the inhabitants of Lazy Woods Park. He risks his life in a series of events that lead to a final battle between good and evil. What is a “protagonist”? /fc. me main character of a story 5. an animal that lives underground c. someone whose first and last names start with the same letter d. someone with bad body odor 2 .1 just can’t beat Paula when we play chess! Every time I make a move that should lead me to victory, she makes a better move that thwarts my plan. If you “thwart” a robbery, you _____ . a. commit a crime b. stop a crime from happening c. imagine a theft i^ iv e warts to a thief

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3; Don’t feel stupid. Yes, you thought this worthless replica was a valuable work of art But it even fooled a lot of experts. It certainly looked like the real thing!

NG

A “replica” is_________ .

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a. a dishonest act b. something ugly c. anything that has no value

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HƯ NG

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4. Your poster is very good. The drawing realjly lets people know what our club is ail about I do think that you could enhance it by adding some more color. That will tend to grab everyone’s attention. When you “enhance” something, you_________ . a. draw it b. throw it out c. ruin it

ẦN

Exercise 6:

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Ryan is a great inventor. However, I don’t think that his latest invention, edible socks, is likely to be too successful. Not many people want to eat socks. There are some things in life that should remain inedible.

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1. Which word in the passage means “fit to be eaten”?

CẤ

2. Which word in the passage means “not fit to be eaten”? UìCỏi b it

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Marsha is really an introvert. When I took her to Jason’s party, she sat in a comer without speaking to anyone. All she did was eat most of the snacks. The only reason she hangs out with me is because I never try to force her to be sociable. She would never forgive me if I introduced her to anyone. 3. An “introvert” is usually____ -

ƯỠ

NG

a. friendly

BỒ

ID

b. hungry c. unclean d;;shy

(3

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Sunshine said, “Amber, why are you making such a big deal about Robert’s haừ? Yes, he did dye it purple. It is rather unusual for a guy to have purple hair. On the other hand, it’s not exactly going to change the course of world history. It’s really quite a trivial matter.”

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TP

4. What does “trivial” mean?

ĐẠ O

a. strange

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b. unimportant c. disgusting

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d. dangerous

B

Exercise 7:

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1. If you count all the votes in an area that heavily supports candidate A, and only some of the votes in ân area that heavily supports candidate B, you’ll skew the results in favor of candidate A.

CẤ

What does “skew” mean?

A

a. roast

TO ÁN

d. ask

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c. slant

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b. ignore

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NG

2. The home team made sure that the officials were on their side. They won a close game and the championship with many questionable decisions from the officials. However, no one from any other town would accept the winners as legitimate champions. What does “legitimate” mean?

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2L real

b. talented

.Q UY

c. sneaky d. good looking

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

3. Some people believe that lawyers are always working to see that justice is done. On the other hand, some believe that lawyers only want to manipulate the legal system to "get what they want Could both sides be right? What does “manipulate” mean?

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a. control in a dishonest way b. give help c. teach about or explain d. disagree with

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4. Both sides battled for years. They were very far apart and could find no way to make a lasting peace. When the fighting finally came to an end, everyone was exhausted and embittered. What does “embittered” mean? a. very angry, resentful b. sour tasting c. humorous d. annoyed

ƯỠ

Exercise 8:

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1. It was a sad and haunting strain that met our ears as we entered the oỉd ứieater. There was a beauty in tíie voice that we’d never forget This would be a special conceit 15

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What does “strain” mean in the context of the selection? a. effort

.Q UY

b. injury

TP

c. melody

ĐẠ O

d. filter

HƯ NG

2 .1 want you to weigh his words carefolly. Hẹ seems sincere and presents his arguments well. There is, however, something that doesn’t quite ring true about the candidate. What does “weigh” mean in the context of the selection?

00

B

c. to think about

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b. to put pressure on a scale

ẦN

a. to measure the mass

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d. to be important

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3. Michael is an ardent supporter of his presidential candidate. That became obvious to me when I found out how much time he’s donated to the campaign. Perhaps Michael knows what he’s doing.

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/ What does “ardent” mean in the context of the selection? / a. old

TO ÁN

b. intelligent d. very strong

4. Mary, of course you’re overweight. You eat too much junk food. Even worse, you exercise infrequently.

ID

ƯỠ

NG

c. foolish

BỒ

What does “inữequenứy” mean? 16

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a/with a frown OỐone’s face b. at a gym

.Q UY

c. while wearing heavy clothes

ĐẠ O

TP

d. not often Exeijise 9:

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a. very old

TR

What does “penurious” mean?

ẦN

HƯ NG

1. Your uncle wouldn’t even part with a dime to help the kids pay for their trip. Thai’s just one more example of his penurious ways. In contrast, many people who have much less money has donated a great deal to the cause.

10

b. very wealthy

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c. very humorous

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2. There is a very interesting article about solar storms in the February 14, 2000 issue of Time magazine. It tells about how these disturbances not only affect spacecraft, but can also disrupt terrestrial life. For example, they have even caused automatic garage doors to open in one town.

TO ÁN

What does “terrestrial” mean?

NG

a. of or on the planet Earth

ƯỠ

b. protective of automotive equipment

BỒ

ID

c. solar d. in or near a pond 17

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A

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3. “Michelle, I’m very upset about what you said,” Rosie stated firmly. “You didn’t come right out and accuse me of eating all your candy. On the other hand,. youE remarks about my love of chocolate were made for a reason. You are insinuating that I’m the candy thief!” What does “insinuate” mean? a. to keep something hot or cold b. to suggest without clearly saying (cSto do something evil d. to protect from disease 4. I think it would help our basketball team, if we allowed girls to play. I’ve seen how Patty has a knack for making the tough shots when they’re needed most. She wants to play on our team and we’d win more games with her help. What does “knack” mean? a. to throw or toss b. a hard punch c. a kind of sports bag d. an ability

Í-

Exercise 10:

TO ÁN

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1. Connie is never happy when everyone is getting along. She always instigates fights and then acts like little Miss Innocent When you “instigate” something, you

.

NG

a. check it out

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

b. protect it

c. get it started d. ignore it

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2. I like that store. All the employees strive to make the customers feel right at home.

.Q UY

Which word is a synonym of “strive”? a. complain fail

ĐẠ O

c.

N

TP

b.try

NH ƠN

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HƯ NG

d. clean

3. This is a clandestine operation. It is exừemeỉy important that no one discovers what you’re doing!

ẦN

A “clandestine” operation is supposed to be

TR

a. dangerous

■ ■V ♦

00

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b. harmful

10

c. exciting

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d. secret

A

CẤ

4. If you don’t recover quickly from your condition, it could become chronic- Then you might have to take medicine for ^ rest your life. .

Í-

If something is “chronic”, it

-L

a. is very painful

TO ÁN

b. won’t go away c. makes you smell bad

NG

d. isn’t real

/

• '

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

5. David hoped that nobody would know that he was in the building. Didn’t he realize that parking his new car in the

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ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

If something is “conspicuous”, it is 2L important b. expensive c. unfortunate s J d. noticeable

HƯ NG

Exercise 11: Use the context o f the selections to identify antonyms,

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Megan was determined to fínịsh--Ềer homework before bedtime. She still had to start her math assignment; it would take at least an hour to complete. She sighed and thought, “I’ve been working really hard since right after dinner!” 1. Which word in the paragraph is aa antonym of “complete”? 2. Which word in the paragraph is an antonym of “before”? There are some very different opinions about the outcome of the presidential election. James insists that A1 Gore really won the election and that the U.S. Supreme Court took it away from him. He didn’t have the same kinc^of objections when the Florida Supreme Court ruledf for his candidate. Is James right, or is he just a sore toser? In my opinion, the final decision was correct The Supreme "Court of the United States ruled against a very bad and unequal process. Votes weren’t being counted, they were being assigned to people who hadn’t cast legal votes. George w. Bush was the true winner of the presidential election. 3. Which word in the selection is an antonym of “same”? 4. Which word in the selection is an antonym of “against35? 5. Which word in the selection is an antonym of “loser”?

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Exercise 12: Somewhere in each selection you will find a pair o f words in parenthesis, These words will be antonyms, or opposites. Underline the word that makes sense in the context Use a dictionary if you’re not sure o f the meanings o f both antonyms. 1. Mr. Surfer was a very good teacher. Everyone agreed that ' kids learned a lot when they spent a year in his fifth grade class. Some kids did wish that he would be a little (lenient, strict) about the rules. If anyone so much as whispered during study time or happened to forget a homework assignment, he or she was in big trouble. 2. Jennifer was very (gullible, skeptical). We found it all too easy to convince her that a mummy was roaming around in her cellar. As we added more and more crazy details to our story, she grew more frightened. Finally, we decided it was best to confess that it was just a hoax. 3. Sometimes Chad can be very (insensitive, sensitive) to others’ feelings. Do you remember the time that Julie told us she was taking a beauty course? Chad said that it must be a miracle course. He was frying to be funny, but her feelings were really hurt. He didn’t mean what he said. The problem is that he didn’t think about how Julie would take the comment. 4. All the trees and all the flowers, Sunlit clouds that (chill, warm) the sky, All the gentle April showers, They have worth we can’t deny. All the manmade golden treasures, They have value. They have style. I’ve found more than all thdr measure

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In the beauty of your smile.

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NH ƠN

Exercise 13: Use the context o f the selections to choose the correct meanings or synonyms,

TP

.Q UY

1. Your plan looks'good, I hope it will really work. It’s time to implement it and see if it’s as brilliant as you claim. a. instrument b. take apart

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

c. change / dỵ carry out 2Mf your plan fails, we’ll have to find someone who can devise a better one.

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

b. dislike c. appliance d. to use peanut butter as / toothpaste 3. Of course, I’m not saying that your plan is no good. I tend tc be optimistic, so I won’t be surprised when you succeed. expecting the best to happen b. needing glasses to see c. full of gas d. unselfish 4. When your plan brings us great wealthy you win be rewarded for your sagacity. a. good looks b. mistakes

ID

^intelligence

BỒ

d. huge appetite for herbs 22

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ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

5. No matter what happens, I assure you that I >vill not forget how hard you have worked on this project. a. dare promise c. act like a donkey d. forget

NH ƠN

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BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

Exercise 14: There is a wordprinted ỉn ừalỉcs before each selection. Use the context o f each selection to identify and underline the synonym o f that word. 1. Strange I was really appalled at hqw Don decorated his new apartment. Almost everything is solid black- When anyone sits on a chair or couch, a scream comes out of a concealed loudspeaker, Don thinks it’s hilarious. I thinlyhe has a bizarre sense of humor! 2. Religions You’ll almost never win an argument about religion. There axe some points where most individuals will agree and many points of disagreement. Of course you can’t agree with every faith, but you can respect people of all creeds. 3. Stick This tape you gave me doesn’t work at all! I can’t get a single poster to adhere to the wall. I’m going to have to use my staple gun. 4. Smell Patty loves to use an abundant amount of garlic in her cooking. Almost any time you approach her kitchen, the aroma of that famous plant is unmistakable. 5. Write Ronald wanted to establish an advantage over the other boys who were all trying to win Maiy’s heart. Deciding to inscribe his and Mary’s names on the tree in her front yard turned out to be a blunder. He certainly did not win the affection of her parents.

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TP

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

Gap-filling (Sentence)

.Q UY

Part B

ca UNIT 1

TR

ẦN

L When we arrived in Paris it was ......... .with rain. b. dropping

B

a. running

00

£ / pouring

d. falling

P2

+3

10

2. The name of thẻ book was on th e .......... of my tongue, but I just could not think of it.

CẤ

k end

^

d. point

A

c. top

( i) tip

Í-

3. He proinised to Iồ^nd the broken wheel next day without b. default

c. trouble

(a) fail

TO ÁN

-L

a. failure

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

4. I should be very ....... ...if you would accept the invitation to the party. a.

thanking

(a)pleased

b. honorable d. pleasing

5. If you drive from the airport, go on the motorway and follow th e.......... to the city. 24

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a. points

(b) signs

c. plans

d. ways

NH ƠN

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.Q UY

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

b. respected d. regarded

HƯ NG

( 9 considered

ĐẠ O

a. trusted

TP

6. I have always.......... that my university was the best in the country.

7. Please don’t ......... to put stamps on the letters I gave you to post. b. remind

c. realize

d. remember

TR

ẦN

gy forget

10

00

B

8. Her mother asked her to .............. the table for the evening meal.

+3

a. place

P2

c. serve

b- put out

(d)lay

pride

^

-L

c. surprise

Í-

2L

A

CẤ

9. His sister was full o f .............. for the way in which he had so quickly learned to drive a car. (J&) admiration d. jealousy

a. soil

b. world

NG

TO ÁN

10. “You will not find kangaroos anywhere else o n ...... said the Australian. d. ground

ƯỠ

c) earth

BỒ

ID

11. The bus only stops here to ...........passengers. /Ok a. get off (by pick up c. alight

d. get on 25

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c. allow

.Q UY

12. Will you......... me your pen for my examination this afternoon? a. borrow (by lend

NH ƠN

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d. permit

polite

b. simple d. proud

HƯ NG

c. discourteous

ĐẠ O

TP

13. He has very good manners and is very.......... when he speaks to people.

14. The picture was sold for a great........ of money. (bl)sum

ẦN

a. cost

d. price

TR

c. value

00

B

15. No one was able to explain th e ........ of the old custom.

10

a. beginning

d. reason

P2

+3

c. starting point

(by origin

a. couple

A

CẤ

16. It was difficult for him to buy good shoes because he had such a b ig ......... of feet.

Í-

c. number

b. size (dypair

-L

17. It is very difficult to ............a secret ửom my family. b. learn

c. take

d. hear

TO ÁN

(J )k e e p

v

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

18. She said that she couldn’t .........a new dress on her small salary. a. spend (c?)afford

b. save d-spare

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19. If you want a cheap air ticket you m ust.............. well in advance. b. engage

c. reserve

d. buy b. prevent (d)avoid

HƯ NG

c. stop

ĐẠ O

a. resist

TP

20. He tripped on the staừs and could not.........falling.

.Q UY

,/ap book

NH ƠN

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21. He could not keep his family because his wages were too

c. few

d.

ẦN

( b) low

TR

a. short

tiny

SL

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

22. He applied for a .........,.... in the offices of a local newspaper. 2L work b. duty c. career ^d) job 23. When Ali arrived in London he spent all his time ..... and visited all the important museums and buildings. b. travelling (j l ) sight-seeing c. looking d- touring 24. He climbed the tree and picked all the fruit.......reach. near

b in s id e

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

within d. beyond 1 25. It was necessary to ........ the factory building as the company was doing more and more business fa?)extend b. increase c. lengthen

d.

grow 27

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.Q UY

£Q UNIT 2

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

1. These figures give you some idea of the cost of . ......... ...your car for one year. a. controlling b. handling c. managing ( ^ maintaining 2 It can take up to three months to ............. . a man to do tins specialist work. SL guide b. raise /Jp train d. leam 3. In today’s Paper i t ..........that we shall have an election this year. . f a. says b. admits c. expresses d. proposes 4. ĩịshad to pay ........on a carpet Ĩ brought in through ứie Customs today. SL taxes b. rates c. fines ñ. duty

TO ÁN

-L

5. The child w as....... by a lorry on die safety crossing in the main street. a. knocked out

b. run across

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

c. run out d. knocked down 6. It was thelongest film I have ever seen: it ......... three hours. a. lasted b. stayed c. finished

d. completed

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b. almost

c. hardly

d. simply b. rare

c.^siight

d. few

HƯ NG

a. scarce

ĐẠ O

8. Tropical diseases are comparatively..... .win Europe.

TP

a. nearly

.Q UY

7. We were so late w e...... ..had time to catch the train.

9. I was so pleased to have th e........to visit your country. b. necessity

c. destiny

d. possibility

%

TR

ẦN

a. opportunity

b. consider

c. agree

00

a. accept

10

B

10. He asked if we would........ to share the room.

+3

d. approve

CẤ

P2

11. If you wish to leam a new language you must . ........classes regularly.

A

a. follow c. attend

b. present d. assist

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

12. H e .........his son of the dangers of driving too fast in his new car. b. remembered

c. threatened

d. concerned

NG

a. warned

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

13. T h e .........charged by the architect for the plans of the new building were unusually high. a. hire

b. price

c. fees

d. sum 29

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b. damaged

c. overcome

d. wasted

.Q UY

a spoilt

NH ƠN

14. Our holiday w as..... ...by bad weather.

TP

15. It takes a great deal o f .......... for the class to make a trip abroad. b. organization

c. expense

d. business

ĐẠ O

a. arrangement

HƯ NG

16. HurryĨ It’s time to .......and go to school. b. get up

c. dress up

d. start up

ẦN

a. stand up

TR

17. Please don’t enter....... knocking.

00

B

a. except for

d. while

+3

10

c. without

b. with

P2

18. No one was able to think__....the n o is e was going on.

A

'

I^by while d. on account of

c. since

CẤ

a. during

Í-

19 You shouldn’t eat so many sweets, they’re b. unheaiứiy

c. unsuitable

cLdisagreeable

TO ÁN

-L

a. bad

for you.

a. visit

b* go away

c. go out

d. walkout

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

20.1 wondered whether you would like to .......to the theater tomorrow.

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b. foremost

c. earliest

ị^ l

) first

.Q UY

a. primarily

NH ƠN

21............. 1would like to say how pleased I am to be here,

b. by far

c. as far as

d. so long

23. Has the committee........a decision yet? b. made

c. arrived

d. voted

HƯ NG

a. done

ĐẠ O

a. so far

TP

22. Your work has been very good.........this year.

b. competent

c. able

TR

a. capable

B

ẦN

24. Do you think he is ........ .of doing the job?

00

d. suited

+3

10

25. H e..........to all his friends that he was getting married.

P2

a* told

d. spoke^

{

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

c. announced

b. related

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TP

.Q UY

eauM T 3

b. looked

HƯ NG

a. turned

ĐẠ O

1. Mary is very . - . . ụp and thinks she is superior to her classmates. d. fed

s tu c k

/^ r eg a in

ẦN

2. The team practiced hard so that it could .......tỉie ừophy b. return

TR

.,sị

d. replace

B

c. restore

10

00

3. His father said that he could no t..... on the money his son needed being available for another year.

P2

+3

a. believe

CẤ

c. act

b. expect /á ) rely

£ ^ )fear

(^}sliy d. tip

-L

Í-

c. throw

A

4. The frightened liorse began to ..... away from tile snake.

TO ÁN

5. She said Ike could Hot.......... all the information given in the broadcast c. admire

(ty absorb d. adhere

6. All his plans for starting Ms own business fell............ a. in

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

a. accumulate

through

d. away

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' ị ù i l 2L Ỉ i j *

?

XG&

a. in

.Q UY

NH ƠN

Ẳluìậ -fwiq, WiAoi ñ ú 7. Tom and Ben have fallen......... .again and do not speak to each other. b. back d. through

TP

(cp out

b. climb

HƯ NG

scale

ĐẠ O

8. They decided t o ........... down theừ original plans for the house and make it smaller.

t ó ^ © f t ' d- change 9* The independent artn&asjr managed to.......... .the confrontation between the union and the employers. -

p

l a y

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

c

b. d o u b t

CẤ

fa ) c o u n t

Í-

A

< " decide d. expect 11. When I heard footsteps behind me Xwas ........... that I wouldrbe attacked.

-L

)^L) bonified '

b. terror-struck

p

o il ĩb Ịòiìĩ % oị fr

NG

TO ÁN

c. terrorized \ a. terrified ? yy 12. His illness made him ......... .of concentration. a. incompetent b. unable

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

( Ỉ ) incapable > I .., d. powerless M yổíA }Ấphasoiẹt 13. Trespasses will be ..................

-?

,

■(

/

V

; {•;?, \ X bíỉMO <-í -

(J ) prosecutedẰHíyí 10

b. persecuted#^ K j hciRh

XT] executed 4k íiài ky (Áktcĩ) id ^

d. charged ucc'vu’^ * p*ỆcnhÊ Ợhi.rt) J. " 33

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14. The outline of the figure was barely........ in the darkness. invisible

perceptible

NH ƠN

a. susceptible

d. perceptive ^b?)unreliable insecure

ĐẠ O

c. infallible

TP

-^pLprecarious

.Q UY

15. His memory has become very............ lately.

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

16. The manager gave her h is........... that the complaint would be investigated. a. reassurance b. avowal /a) assurance d. insurance 17. As the manager director can’t go to the reception, I’m representing the company........ a. on his account [bj on his behalf c. for his part d. from his point of view 18. The plane almost crashed on ............ (b y Bp l i f t

CẤ

a. a s c e n s io n

-L

Í-

A

c. lift-off (^d^ake-off 19. As my .......... , Mr.Dupreez, you would be travelling around the country and helping me generally with many of my duties.

TO ÁN

(% ) a s s is ta n t

c. colleague

b. bo ss

d. clerk

ƯỠ

NG

20. No, Mr.Schlesinger, that’s quite . .............. . the time is irrelevant.

BỒ

ID

a. by the way the rails

Q)Tl)eside the point (L out of order

34

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2i. She was obviously embarrassed; her face w as........ with red. a, diffused

/^i^confused ;

(^suffused

.Q UY

c. fused

NH ƠN

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b. resume

c. assume

d. consume*.

HƯ NG

ay presume

ĐẠ O

TP

22.1 let my children make theừ own decision now they’re older; I wouldn’t ........... to interfere.

23. We will have to .........tìie decision until MrJohnson gets back from holiday. ./jji defer

ẦN

a. confer

d. infer

TR

c. refer

+3

10

00

B

24. And now here is our reporter Tim Blake from the radio car, to tell us what the ...... r.... thinks of today’s government announcement.

CẤ

/S j man in the street

P2

(^pedestrian

b. streetwalker d. Mr.Average

Í-

A

25. The ...........of newcomers to longstanding residents is very high in this town. ( ^ proportion percentage

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

c. average

-L

a. cross section

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c a UNIT 4

b. distinguishable d. distinctively

ĐẠ O

^d istin ctly

TP

a. distinguish

.Q UY

1. He spoke clearly and ........and we could understand every word he said.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

2. Accuracy is ........ to the skill of typewriting. b. elemental

HƯ NG

a. inherent fundamental

v'|d^elementary

TR

ẦN

3. The completion of the tunnel has been.......... owing to strike. ^5) held up

B

a. held off

d. held over

10

00

c. held on

policy

CẤ

0

P2

+3

4. It has always been th e ......... of this company to promote existing staff to senior positions. d. campaign

A

c. plan

b. procedure

-L

Í-

5. Much is done in Britain to ......... .the suffering of unwanted domestic pens.

TO ÁN

a. improve c. remedy

b. help (dy alleviate

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

6. Mr.Johnson has been asked to ..................the next meeting of the club committee. a. manage 0 ) chair

b. take d. lead

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ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

7. She didn’t __ ..........stay at home as she had some sewing she wanted to do. a?) mind b. object \C/' matter d. care a to find a job ...... with his ability as an 8.!. He has been able accountant. appropriate b. suitable c. requisite (^dj commensurate

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

HƯ NG

9. When he graduated ữom the university he got his

c. saving

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

a. diploma b. certificate Q degree Xd} bachelor 10.1 ........... .my eyes around the room but could not see her. ^ flung b. tossed c. threw (cl) cast 11. The noise was so ........ t h a t you had to strain your ears to hear it. a. dim /by faint c. gentle )vi?subdued 12. The police said that the man was killed by a ................ instrument. blunt b. thick c. dull d. fat 13. Because of a shortage, the government has asked people to b e ...... with water. a. economic b. thrifty

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14. The campers...........their tent at the base of mountain.

NH ƠN

a. established

grounded

•'

rcT\ pitched

b. recognized

c. knew

dj realized

■* "

ĐẠ O

a. understood

HƯ NG

16. Income tax rates are usually ....... to one’s annual income.

■-

& adapted

!

TR

associated

;

b. dependent

ẦN

fa} related

;

TP

15.1 suddenly........that I had left my purse with the money at home.

.Q UY

c. installed

i

00

B

17. They came to inspect the house...... buying it. fbjj with a view to

10

a. in the event of

d. on account of

P2

+3

c. with reference to

CẤ

18. As they watched the football match the huge crowd in unison.

A

chanted

intoned

d. bellowed

Í-

c. crowed

b.

et

b.

be

>pt

d.

stop

NG

TO ÁN

-L

19. Don’t count on him; he is liable to....... out if things get too difficult.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

20. The car needs a complete ............. a. haul up c. check-up

b. mending (dL) overhaul

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Qv mend

c. sew

id) patch

ĐẠ O

22. They decided to ............in a visit to their relations when they were on holiday. d. manage

HƯ NG

(b )fit c. put

TP

a. stitch

.Q UY

2L Their teacher told them to ............ up their quarrel and be friends again.

NH ƠN

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b. stop

c. end

d. put

B

TR

^ f in is h

ẦN

23. He wanted to ........... off all his work before he came to the cinema with US.

a. seen ~

CẤ

c. happened

P2

+3

10

00

24. He said that he had never........ across a painting which pleased him more. b. viewed

(d j come

A

25. The nation’s economy w as........ up and would certainly show a great improvement in the next five years. :

-L

b. getting d. showing

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

( J ) looking

Í-

rising

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NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

.Q UY

c a UNITS

b. charged

blamed

d. sued

ĐẠ O

a. accused

TP

1. The j udge >.. .. the pedestrian for the accident,

HƯ NG

2. As she didn’t understand his question she merely gave him a .....look. blank

ẦN

a. clear d.

useless

TR

c. simple

B

3. The general was always.....about his past campaigns.

00

a. praising

congratulating

(d^)boasting

+3

10

c. complimenting

b.

P2

4. They had lunch together in the school......

A

(a)canteen

CẤ

a. cafe

b. restaurant , d. bar

Í-

5. He has recently .......golf to provide himself with some relaxation.

TO ÁN

-L

SÚ taken on c. taken with

b.

taken over taken up

(aTjview

b. purpose

c. goal

d. reason

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

6. They bought the land with a ........to building a new office block.

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-^.crafts sucfe as weavnagare now feeing revived. b. customary

traditional

d. ordinary

.Q UY

habitual;

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

^b) only

c. ataỉi

cLalways

HƯ NG

a. even

ĐẠ O

TP

& Not did shé refiase: to speak to him, but she also vowed ne^er to see him again-

9. The police set a ____ tơ catch the thieves. b. device

ẦN

Q ị plan

d- trap

TR

c. snare

10

00

B

10. They were warned never____with the members of any extremist group. b. to assimilate

+3

ay to associate

P2

c. to assign

d. to assume

-L

Í-

c. worthwhile

a. worthless

A

CẤ

11. Do not believe that this preposterous scheme i s ........of our serious consideration.

TO ÁN

12. Our companies shodd.......with foreign companies. iẾỌcooperate

c. solve

d. success

NG

a. compare

ƯỠ

13. W hat__ do you want to follow after you graduate? c. tracfe-nnion

& business d. success

BỒ

ID

( J ) career

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(aỷ profit

NH ƠN

14. If you buy a bicycle for $20 and sell it for $30, you make a ... ...o f$10. b. account d. deposit

.Q UY

c. interest

b. memory

(Q curiosity

d. profession

ĐẠ O

a. advantage

TP

15. He is a teacher, but he has........ about scientific subjects.

HƯ NG

16. On those islands a system o f .....is used. They don’t use money there. b. buying

ẦN

barter

d. payment

TR

c. selling

00

B

17. Buying a car was an important... .for them. (a) transformation

10

b. translation a. transportation

P2

+3

c. transaction

b . a p p lic a n t

^ agency

Í-

c. asữonaut

A

a c c o u n ta n t

SL

CẤ

18. The travel....... .plans holiday for people.

-L

19. Banking is th e.... activity of banks.

TO ÁN

(j l ) business

c. technology

b. barter d. society

NG

20. He is so lazy that he will never ...... anything. c. abound

accomplish d. charge

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

SL ừansíòrm

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(/2) improvement

NH ƠN

21. The teacher is pleased with th e.........in my work. b. experiment

c. environment

d. payment

b. willing

( jp nervous

ĐẠ O

a. dangerous

TP

.Q UY

22. They were v ery .......about keeping so much money in the house overnight d. risky b. plain

c. humble

d. raw

ẦN

a, dull

HƯ NG

23. It is strange that Lucy is as ... •..as her motheTis beautiful,

TR

24. His request......... me completely by surprise. b. shook

00

B

a. left

(ji) took

10

c. made

P2

+3

25. Their last cook was better than their ....... one. (^Jformer

CẤ

a. current

& instant

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

c. latter

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b.

(Q applied

d.

chose

ĐẠ O

a. requested

TP

1. The three Mends a ll....... for the same job.

.Q UY

ca UNIT 6

referred

( J ) mistake

b.

fortune

d. forgetfulness

ẦN

c. error

HƯ NG

2. I took someone else’s coat from the cloakroom b y ..........

me to take a lawyer to court with me.

TR

3. H e..... .

B

/ p advised

suggested

d.

insisted

10

00

c. threatened

b.

CẤ

annoys

P2

+3

4. H e ..... ....me By asking me stupid questions while I’m working.

A

c. damages

b.

quarrels

d.

interests

a, profit

b. interest

c. gain

d) loan

](

6. He refused to give up work, ........he’d won a million ^ pounds. I' •i a.

d e s p ite

0 ) even though

b. how ever

d. as though

Jj

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

5. In order to finance the project the council will have to get a laĩge ......ixom the bank.

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fly top

c. basement

d. low

TP

a. high

.Q UY

7. Firemen rescued several people from th e .......floor of the blazing building.

NH ƠN

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/£ } lend

c. hừe

HƯ NG

SL borrow

ĐẠ O

S. His parents agreed to ..... him their while they were away on holiday. ñ. let

ẦN

9. Several items o f...... were found on the river bank. b. dress

TR

clothes

( jp clothing

B

c. costume

10

00

10, She had no .... of selling the clock-it had belonged to her grandfather*

P2

+3

ÍĨÒ intention c. interest

d. opinion

CẤ

ra

b. meaning

A

. _- -The lake contained.......... ........thousand of fish.

ỂL much

Í-

#^c!)many

b. one {xUfew

-L

lXCut the cake into six ...... pieces. b. like

c. alike

(<L)equal

TO ÁN

a. same

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

13. You can use my bicycle ............ you bring it back.

c. nevertheless

b.

although

d. in spite of 45

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b. lied

c. tricked

d. deceived

Fill in the form as indicated and return in the envelope

ĐẠ O

TP

15.

.Q UY

0 cheated

NH ƠN

14.My brother always ............at cards. No wonder he won every game.

b. offered

c. prepared

d. given

HƯ NG

(a) provided

ẦN

16. If we hurry, we might get there.............. to catch the early train.

TR

a. right

B

c. on time

(£?)in time

d. before time

10

00

17. Our neighbors are very...........on camping holidays*

P2

c. interested

+3

a. eager

b. enthusiastic C\ idj keen

A

CẤ

18. Are there enough apples for us to have one........ ? /'’X a. every ( to each d.

s e lf

Í-

c. individually

-L

19. She is the m ost....... manageress we have ever had.

TO ÁN

a. good

efficient

20.They are ........ to be mariied next year. ^ p la n n ed c. intended

b. prepared (& j engaged

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

^ /activ e

b. working

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a. lengthened

NH ƠN

21. As I liked the photo I had i t .... ...... Í b? enlarged d. widened

.Q UY

c. sized

22. Theừ house is th e ...... of the whole street c. desire

d.

need

HƯ NG

23. She loves London...... in the spring.

TP

b. jealousy

ĐẠ O

0 . envy

b. specially

c. most

(^especially

ẦN

a. mostly

fo:

b.

c. forbid

10

CL prevent

him to buy some potatoes on the

P2

+3

25. If he phones, way home.

CẤ

• O' -

refuse

00

B

a. warn

V.v

TR

24. Ị tried to ... ...... them from going, but they wouldn’t take any notice.

a. remember

d. recollect

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

C.I remind

b. recall

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NH ƠN

oa UNIT ?

(b^) trial conviction ...... but! can’t remember his name.

ĐẠ O

TP

a. process c. charge 2. His face looks

.Q UY

1. The.......of the murdererlasted siXTveeks.

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

a. similar V b. alike c. memorial ị / ỹ familiar 3. The station is too ...... away for us to walk. a. long ibJ far c. way d. distant 4. Can you do me a (an) ....... and post this letter? 2L help b. promise Ịc^)favour d. aid

CẤ

5. What is your..... ...fruit? preferred c. rather 6. Did you remember to ..............................the cat?

-L

Í-

A

2L

TO ÁN

a. cat

/c^ feed

b. milk d. give I

/a), feel

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

7. These bananas............................................rather hard. c. sense

touch d. taste

48

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a. accommodation

NH ƠN

& Sỉie has bought a new .......... near the í^tpữat d. rental

.Q UY

c. housing

....our pounds for a dollar before going to ỈX(invert

c. turn

ĐẠ O

a. change

TP

9. We must — New York.

(^3) exchange

HƯ NG

10. Have you seen the new ........of paintings at the gallery? b. manifestation

c. publication

/jdL^xfaibition

ẦN

a.demonstration

TR

11. The scientist publishes the results of their................ b. exercises

00

B

a.experiences

^^experim ents

+3

10

c. proofs

CẤ

P2

12. As we liked the hotel so much we decided to ...... our holiday.

A

/aT) extend

c.stretch

Í-

TO ÁN

(aJ faces '

d. remain

.the sea*

-L

13. The hotel......

b. stay

views

b. looks d. watches

NG

14. As the flowers had .......... she threw them away.

ƯỠ

i ^ ị discolored d. fallers

BỒ

ID

(cTj faded

dead

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15. Since he failed his exam he had to ..........it again. a. make

NH ƠN

(Jp sit cL write

c. pass

b. acceptance

IT) faith

cl fidelity

ĐẠ O

TP

sL agreement

.Q UY

.... in his promises,

16. I’m afraid I have no

17. The temperature ............below zero during the night. b. came

HƯ NG

(apfell c. descended

d. registered

TR

ẦN

18. The poor child was in floods o f........ because his bicycle had been stolen. (Jptears

b. crying

d. unhappiness

....... not to stay out late again.

P2

+3

19. John’s father ordered

10

00

B

a. weeping

CẤ

him

tired to think about that problem at the

Í-

20.1 am ... moment

d. for him

A

c. that he

b. to him

-L

a. simply

TO ÁN

0 far too

b. nearly d. much more

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

21.They were ..... ... for smuggling jewelry into the country. a. judged c. accused

0)

arrested

d. warned

50

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a. rubbed

NH ƠN

22. When tile electricity failed, h e .......... a match to find the candles. b. scratched d. started

.Q UY

/cT) struck

^Ịpcausẹ

c. reaction

d. reason

i

HƯ NG

24. She refused to eat meat under any...............

ĐẠ O

a. source

TP

23. Nobody knows what the ...... of the explosion was.

f2L} cừcumstances

b. occasion cL reason

ẦN

c. opportunities

TR

25. The queen has said that she w ill.......... the ceremony. b. come

00

B

a. engage

d. impart

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

attend

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ffl UNIT 8

NH ƠN

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.Q UY

à-U ãĩ> -,

TP

1. . . . . . . . ...the rise in unemployment, people still seem to be spending more. . ' b. Meanwhile ..... d. Although

ĐẠ O

a. Nevertheless f~\ ■ f c. ;Despite

HƯ NG

2. The cat was afraid when it saw its ...... ~ in the mirror. b. look

a. picture

(ủJrñkíCấm

ẦN

e. sight

00

B

TR

3. Tve always

10

C- meant

b. thought

<1 supposed

f c.) passed

A

CẤ

P2

+3

4. He found learning to drive easy and — ..... his driving test the very first time. b. succeeded

Í-

5. He often

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

SL praises

d.

made

about his expensive car. b. shows d. prides

you have no key, you will have to get back before

I go out. 2L

Although

b. Provided

BỒ

ID

d. Unless 52

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believed

/b ) regarded

c. noticed

d. remarked

.Q UY

2L

NH ƠN

7. They .. .V— the training sessions as necessary but unpleasant

b. missing

^w astin g

d. spending

HƯ NG

a. losing

ĐẠ O

TP

8. You are ........ your time at school; you might as welljoin the army.

9. The tree fell on top of him and...... his leg. b. crashed

ẦN

a. smashed

^Kd.lcracked

TR

/ a ) crushed

00

B

10. The music.......... tile composers joy of life. b. attracts

10

a. appeals

d. arouses

+3

fch expresses

CẤ

P2

11. Several........ of typhoid have been reported.

A

types

c. occurrences

cases d. doses

-L

TO ÁN

a. come

Í-

12* If we want to ...... up with them we’d better hurry. c. approach

b. arrive fd. batch

NG

13. The fans....... when theừ team scored a goal. ,

ƯỠ

shouted

d . c a ll e d

BỒ

ID

2 ? ) c h e e re d

b. laughed

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f a. ic h e w

NH ƠN

14. You ought to ......... your food properly before swallowing it. b. eat

d. taste

.Q UY

c. try

fb.,claims

^ demands

d. tells

ĐẠ O

dL relates

TP

15. The government. . . . . inflation has fallen.

HƯ NG

16. The police made sure everyone stood w ell......... of the fire. b. away

ẦN

( ajclear

/5kjout

TR

c. free

10

00

B

17. The football team won partly because they had been so well ứaineñ by theừ.........

+3

a. teacher

P2

c. instructor

b. dứector fcT)coach

A

a. likeness

CẤ

18. You can’t draw any...... between these two cars. /dy comparison

Í-

c. similarity

b. familiarity

-L

19. The two countries have now ......... a trade agreement

TO ÁN

a. finished c. written

(^concluded d. done

a. includes

b. number

^ \o n s ists

d. contains

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

20. Theừ office........ of three small rooms.

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(a.'crept

b. wandered

- ■

■ ■

d. stood

d. on the whole

c. attend

HƯ NG

23........ .....the step when you go in. a. consider // bT/mind

ĐẠ O

c. in all

TP

22................ ..stay the night if it’s too difficult to get home. ......... -'■■ ''' : a. at all costs Qx) by all means

.Q UY

c. strode

■■

NH ƠN

21. The burglar........silently into the room.

d. look

ẦN

24. She went......... a bad cold just before Christmas. b. in for ■■ ......... d. through

TR

•-

00

B

f aJ down with L/ ■■ ■ c. over

of

P2

+3

10

25. It was clear that the young couple w ere.......... . taking charge of the restaurant

■, : .

b. reliable d. able

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

a. responsible ỵ*\, /c.) capable

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.Q UY

ca UNIT 9

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

1. I haven’t a ......... what the professor is talking about most of the time. a. yen b. guess c. clue d. thought 2. He was ....... with robbery, found guilty and sent to prison. a. accused Ị^chargeñ a convicted d. sentenced 3. The roads......... before you get to the roundabout. a. blend b. converge c. mingle <Lmix 4. We believe that the cumulative effects of renewed prosperity w ill........... expectations. a. overcome b. surpass

c. undermine

d. succeed

Í-

5. In a .......... of rage he tried to kill his own brother.

TO ÁN

-L

a. temper c. fit

b. period d. mood

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

6. The relationship that matters most in the life of a ...... is the one between him and his constituency party. a. captain

b. politician

c. manager

d. judge

56

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P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

7. The .... — question in this case is \ ‘ will be had a motive for this crime or not. a . f o r c i b le b . suprei ^ * c. valuable d. crucia ^ 8. There is an increasing ......... nowad£ portraying violence. a. trend b. surge c. dừection d. tradition 9. Unfortunately not all of us obtain our ju st....... in this life. a. demands b. gains c. deserts d. wins 10. In my mother’s .......... , it is essential to eat a big breakfast a. opinion b. idea c. confidence d, principle

NH ƠN

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CẤ

11. He poured the tea from his cup into his .....and then drank i t

A

a. dish

d. plate

Í-

c. saucer

b. pan

NG

TO ÁN

-L

12: He decided to sell his farm and ..... a fresh start in business. a. open b. make c. take d. lead

ƯỠ

13. She’s not really poor; she ju st.......... to be poor.

BỒ

ID

a. invents

c. pretends

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*. clever

b. expert

c. efficient

d. capable'

NH ƠN

J is quite........ of cooking a meal for twelve people.

c. change

d. affair

TP

b. occasion

ĐẠ O

a. event

.Q UY

15. He was last seen in public on th e............of his daughter’s wedding.

b. mix

c. boil

d. give

ẦN

a. make

HƯ NG

16. If you’ve got time for a cup of tea. I w ill....... one for you.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

17. When I saw Jane, I stopped and smiled, but she ...... me and walked on, a. refused b. ignored c. omitted d. denied 18. She loves travelling, and it is her ....... to travel round the world. a. anxiety b. tendency c. insistence d. opinion 19. The noise was caused by a dog ........a cat through the garden. a. catching b. fighting c. following d. chasing

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

20. It was so cold that the water in the river___ to ice* a. formed

b. settled

c. became

d. turned

58

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a. proposed

b. offered

c. engaged

d. settled

.Q UY

21. Jean has become.........to roger, and the wedding will be in August.

NH ƠN

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c. tube

& pipe

ĐẠ O

b. passage

HƯ NG

a. chimney

TP

22. Before we had th e ...... . cleaned, the sitting-room used to fill with smoke. ,

b. mark

c. trace

d. spot

TR

a. sign

ẦN

23. Their van was stolen without..... from a public car park.

00

B

24. We sold more umbrellas during the wet spell this summer than during a(an) ....... speỉl last year. b. corresponding

+3

10

a. matching

d. relating

P2

c. equaling

CẤ

25. Don’t .......shouting for ability as a dramatic actor.

A

a. identify

d. mislead

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

c. mistake

b. imagine

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b. As a whole

c. Above

d.

all

ĐẠ O

a. On the whole

.Q UY

.......... . we had a very mild winter last year.

I

TP

1.

NH ƠN

c a UNIT 10

All over

b.

c. adopt

&

coincide accept .. I shall

00

B

TR

3. I knowit’s not sunny now;

ẦN

a. agree

HƯ NG

2. She found him much too ready t o ...... with everything she said.

10

a. as though

+3

. c. even so

b. although d. even though

CẤ

P2

4. Our new neighbor’s party went on into the ..... hours of the morning.

A

a. early

d. bright

Í-

c. new

b. first

TO ÁN

-L

5. A ll..... .fthere must have been 3000 people in that small hall. b. said

c. meant

d. found

6. The sky began to darken as the wind.........

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

a. told

a. setup

b. putin

c. got up

d. turned on

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b. respected

c. perspective

d. respective

.Q UY

a. prospective

NH ƠN

7. After the meeting, the staff went back to theừ....... offices.

ĐẠ O

TP

8. In an attempt to get th e ...... of the problem, he took his car engine to bits. a. center b. gist

-L

c. throughout

Í-

a. thorough

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

c. base d. root 9. Private printing was simply a means ...... he could increase his income. a. whereupon b. whereby c. wherewithal d- whereabouts 10. Could you give me a rough......... of what the job might cost? a. value b. correlation c. estimate <Laccount 11. The police carried out a ..... search for the missing diplomat b. through d. thoughtful

NG

TO ÁN

12. Don’t forget....... the bank first thing tomorrow morning. a* to phone b. phoning c. having phoned d. to have phoned

ƯỠ

13. P m ........... having to pay yet another visit to the dentist. b. frightened

c. terrified

d. afraid

BỒ

ID

a. dreading

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a. reply

b. conclusion

c. answer

d. end

NH ƠN

14.1wish I could give you th e...... to your problems.

b. reason

c. cause

d. desire

ĐẠ O

a. need

TP

.Q UY

15. My cousin’s main .......... for going abroad was his poor health.

HƯ NG

16. He parked in the wrong place and the police..... ...his car away. b. hitched

c. towed

d. lifted

TR

ẦN

a. hoisted

10

00

B

17. The work keeps ............, and I seem to get very little done.

+3

a. piling on

P2

c. heaping on

b. growing up d. piling up

CẤ

18. I’m not.......... to your plan but it needs modifying.

A

a. objected

d. conflicted

Í-

c. disputed

b. opposed

-L

19. He doesn’t ____ ...to take a holiday this summer.. b. determine

c. plan

d. suggest

TO ÁN

a. suppose

NG

20. A coach carrying football........ crashed into a lorry on

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

th e m o to r w a y .

a. watchers

b. fans

c. people

d. lovers

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a. cost

b. sum

c. value

<L price

NH ƠN

21. The picture was sold for a great...... of money.

b. admiration

c. surprise

d. jealousy

ĐẠ O

a. pride

TP

.Q UY

22.His sister was full o f .... for the way in which he had so quickly learned to drive a car. s ::

HƯ NG

23. Her mother asked her to ........ the table for the evening meal. b. put out serve

c. serve

d. lay

TR

ẦN

a. place

10

00

B

24. The name of the book was on th e .........of my tongue, but Ijust could not think of it. b. tip

+3

a. end

P2

c. top

d. point

b. travelling d. touring

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

c. looking

a. sightseeing

A

CẤ

25. When Sam arrived in London he spent all his time .......and visited all the important museums and buildings.

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

oa UNIT 11

c. presented

d. gifted

2. He’s not sensible as far as mosey

ĐẠ O

b. awarded

are concerned,

HƯ NG

a. rewarded

TP

1. The student’s hard woik w as............ with success in Ms degree examinations.

b. poiats

c. aspects

<L eaates

ẦN

a. things

w 1' ip; 'jI-fic"-

00

B

TR

3. Being a teacher, she shops at stores wMdi offer a , „ to

10

a. discount

cL deduction

CẤ

P2

+3

c. subsidy

& subtraction

A

a.

d- hse.p

-L

Í-

5.

c. tend

h. aecistom

TO ÁN

drove home, b~ ofeM se

c. incase

ã. ra te s

NG

a. despite

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

6. You should be very a. thankful

b- gKÉeầi

c. thanking

d. considerate

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a. study

NH ƠN

7, His .,...... had always been to become an architect b. want d. imagination

.Q UY

c. ambition

b. succeeded

c. obtained

cL gained

ĐẠ O

a. managed

TP

8. After a lot of difficulty, h e .......... to open the door.

HƯ NG

9; The tenants w ere......... not to disturb other tenants after 1 p-m.

b, demanded

c. íníòmieñ

d. desired

ẦN

a. requested

00

B

TR

10. Finding the money is just one of the problems ........ in isạỵiaagalìơttse.

10

a. gathered

d. involved

P2

+3

c, mixed

b. joined

CẤ

1L He 1ivesa (n)......... ihmw from ứie station. b. stick’s

A

a. stone’s

<L knife’s

c. aarow’s

-L

Í-

12. Houses inbỉgeitks are expensive because land is in b.

slight

e. Efde

<L

short

TO ÁN

a. brief

ƯỠ

NG

13-Hie loom was noisy and not veiy.......... for studying.

ID

a. smied

fitted

cl suitable

BỒ

c. props:

b.

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b. limitations

c. frontiers

d. limits

.Q UY

a. borders

NH ƠN

14. No educational system is perfect Each one has its . . . .

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

15. The school exam results.......... the headmaster. a. rejoined b. delighted c. celebrated d. enjoyed 16. She w as......... . for time in the exam and didn’t complete the questions. a. hurried b. chased c. hunted d. rushed 17. When I was a child, I loved to splash in the ..... after the rain. a. pools b. ponds c. drains d. puddles 18. Pauline ......... me very much of a girl I used to know at university. a. remembers b. reminds c. recalls d. recollects

-L

Í-

19.1 wish Mark would.....a little better when we have visitors. b. behave

c. conduct

d. compose

20. No matter how hard he fried, he couldn’t get th e.....of his opponent.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

a. affect

a. superiority

b. better

c. victory

cLbest

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b. bother

c. forget

d. worry

.Q UY

a. mind

NH ƠN

21. Don’t ..........to bring a hairdryer, I’ll lend you mine.

b. wounded

c. damaged

(L injured

HƯ NG

23. Their parents do n o t........ very well. ^

ĐẠ O

a. hurt

TP

22. The building was badly.........in the fire.

b; get off

c. get on

d. getaway

ẦN

a. get over

TR

24. Paul was so __ . .. with his examination results that he did not smile all week. b. delighted

c. proud

d. satisfying

10

00

B

a. disappointed

CẤ

P2

+3

25. Even though she hated the food, her father....... her to eat it

A

a. let

d. forced

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

c. allowed

b. made

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NH ƠN

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.Q UY

ffl UNIT 12

b. warning

c. news

(L b.

c. practice

d.

take up make

TR

ẦN

a. give up

notice

HƯ NG

2. Lots of people ....... yoga to relax.

ĐẠ O

a. announcement

TP

1. She didn’t listen to her mother’s ........ and ran across the road.

B

3. Every Sunday w e.....go walking.

10

00

a. seldom

usually

d.

never

+3

c. rarely

b.

a. priceless

b.

invalid

d. valuable

A

c. worthless

CẤ

P2

4. This diamond necklace is .........

wet

TO ÁN

2l

-L

Í-

5. This wine is much too dry. Could we have a ........one, please? ^ c. soft

b.

sweet

d.

cold

sensitive

b. nonsense

c. sensible

d. senseless

2L

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

6. He is an extremely.......... child. He cries very easily.

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a. quietly

b. loudly

c. sừongly

& widely

NH ƠN

7. Mother smiled.............at the joke.

c. do

d. work

TP

b. p ro v e

ĐẠ O

a. m a k e

.Q UY

8. Put some oil on that tight nut; that might.......... the trick.

b. revolve

c. twist

d. toss

TR

10. He still looks .........after his illness.

ẦN

a. turn

HƯ NG

9. Let’s .......... a coin to decide which film to go to.

b. faừ

c. dull

d. pale

10

00

B

a. discolored

+3

11 . The car was repaừed but not quite to the owner’s ... ....................

CẤ

P2

a. joy

d. satisfaction

A

c. regard

b. pleasure

12.1 saw a ........ good film on tv last night

-L

b. pretty d. beautiful

TO ÁN

c. nice

Í-

a. lovely

NG

13. There was no one in the house, but th e........ of the meal lay on the table.

ƯỠ

a. remains

d. records

BỒ

ID

c. ruins

b. remainders

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a. put

b. set

c. let

d. left

.Q UY

14. Although the family trusted her, she ........ them down badly.

NH ƠN

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b. recalls

c. connects

d. reminds

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

a. awakens

TP

15. That house always ...... me of a holiday I spent in Switzerland.

16. She was so ..... with noise those she went to bed. b. blown out

ẦN

a. taken over

d. fed up

TR

c. filed in

B

11. Mr. Smith is very fat, he ought to ....... some weight

10

00

a. give

+3

c. lose

b. throw d. waste

a. nodded

c. dropped

A

CẤ

P2

18. She............. several times in her chair and then at last she went to sleep. b. shook d. sank

-L

Í-

19. Edward has found a bigger flat and is ...... move into it.

TO ÁN

a. near to

c. about to

b. on the way d. ready for

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

20. Theừ cheerful voice showed they were having a ...... discussion. 2u

heated

c. deep

b. serious d. friendly

70

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21. That child is really a. stained

b. polluted

c. spoilt

d. naughty b. down with

c. out with

d. through with

ĐẠ O

a. along with

.Q UY

mumps.

TP

22. All the children have gone

NH ƠN

by its grandparents,

23. His parents were s o .......... that he ran awa£ from home. b. striped;

c. severe

d. strict

HƯ NG

a. struck

ẦN

24. It took him ages to ..... . living in the new town.

b. accustomed

TR

a. used to

00

B

c. get used to

d. use to

10

25. Don’t worry, it’s just a difficult stage, she’ll . . . Ù . S A L b. get through to ị

P2

+3

a. getonwiứi

d. grow out of

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

c. get up to

f

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NH ƠN

m UNIT 13

b. let

c. agreed

d. allowed

ĐẠ O

a. made

TP

.Q UY

1. Her parents never. ..... her to go out after eight

2. I shall do the job to the best of my . .. . . . . . .

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

a capacity b. ability c. knowledge d. talent 3. Are there enough apples for us to have one .,.... .? a. every b. each c. individually d. self

+3

10

4. The judge ........ .the pedestrian for the accident. a. accused b. charged

a- forget

A

CẤ

P2

c. blamed d. sued 5. Let’s ju st.............. our difference and be ữienñs. b. leave

-L

Í-

c. stop d. rid 6. There has been a great.......... in his English. b. increase

c. improvement

d. rise

TO ÁN

a. escalation

a. weak

b. faint

c. thin

d. uncertain

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

7. Even after I wash the coat, it still had some....... marks on it.

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b. increase

C- winnings

d. profit it started

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

9. No sooner had we left the house — snowing. SL and b. than a when ñ. that

.Q UY

a. advantage

NH ƠN

&- ĩh e diperenee between ứf&cost and the selling price is usually th e...........

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

10. Canyon „ .... to it that no one uses this entrance? a. ensttre b. guarantee c. assure d. see 11. Several cars*...___ owners had parked them under the trees, were damageda. theừ b. of which c. whom d. whose 12. The play was no t______ what we had expected. a. just b. absolutely cL very

A

c. at all

-L

Í-

13. We had to get a bank loan when the money finally

TO ÁN

a. gave in ■M c. gave over

b. gave of d. gave òtal

a. refused

bv avoided

c. ñemeñ

d. bothered

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

14. The minister............... to say whether all the road mines would be closed.

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1

c. faced up to

d. got round to

b. utterly

c. actually

d. merely

HƯ NG

a. solely

ĐẠ O

16. At the end of the match the players were ......... exhausted.

.Q UY

b. bargained for

TP

a. came down to

NH ƠN

15. When Helen agreed to run the school play, she got more than she...... .

17............. you should do first is make a list of all the things y o u h a v e to d o .

b. what

c. as

d. if

TR

ẦN

a. that

00

B

18.1 was woken by the sound of someone... on the door.

10

a. crashing

d. hitting

P2

+3

c. knocking

b. bumping

CẤ

19. She is so ....... even though she is over 90.

c. living

A

a. alive

b. lively d. lived

a. cemetery

b. internment

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

20. Her aunt’s ........was a sad occasion. d. funeral

c. coffin

a. testament

b. inheritance

c. heritage

d. will

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

21. They were left a lot money in their aunt’s ........

74

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a* that

b. so

c. and

d. than

NH ƠN

22.1 have only to forget my umbrella........it rains.

b. reminiscence; d. recollection

ĐẠ O

c. souvenir

TP

a recall

.Q UY

23. She had a vague ........of meeting him at friend’s party.

HƯ NG

24.1 suggested......... -the job because she badly needed work. . - *** a. her

b. to her

d. for her

ẦN

c. her for

00

B

TR

25. A well-meaning passer-by gave the tourists a wrong . . . . . . . and they finished up at the zoo instead of the museum. b. information

10

a. way

<L advice

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

c. direction

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

m UNIT 14

b, scratch

c. strip

& tear

ĐẠ O

a. rip

TP

Ỉ. Shall we ....... all this awful wallpaper and paint the room instead?

HƯ NG

2. I’d like to go to Thailand,........it’s by no means the only country in the world I want to see. b. how '

d. yet

TR

c. while

ẦN

a. as

00

B

3. I want 200 worth of Swiss fiances. What is the ..... ...rate, please?

+3

10

a. market

d. money

P2

c. currency

b. exchange

CẤ

4. He denied...... in the hotel at 7 p.m.

a. himself

A

\

c. it’s him

b. to be d. being

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

5. Some recosds have very imaginative designs on theừ b. envelopes

c. sleeves

d. arms

NG

a. coats

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

6. He wasn’t allowed to ...... the exam. a. sit

b. make

c. offer

d. go

76

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7. Children and old people do not take kindly to having their d a i l y .........U p s e t

b. method

c. routine

.Q UY

a habit

NH ƠN

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d. custom

SL m is le d

b . m is ta k e n

ĐẠ O

TP

8. I’m afraid my speech may have............. you as to my true aims.

ẦN

HƯ NG

c. misunderstood & miscalculated 9. Of course I will play the piano at the party but I’m a little b. out of reach

C- o u t o f t u r n

d . o u t o f p r a c t ic e

B

TR

a- out of use

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

10. The....... ..o f the air by toxic gases is one of the major problems of this century. a. corruption b. damage c, corrosion d. pollution 11. It was . . . . . . that he happened to walk in just as we were discussing him. b. unfortunate

Í-

a. miserable

NG

TO ÁN

-L

c. wretched d. contemptible 12. We played the game.........the rules. SL on account of b. ahead of c. according to d. apart from

ƯỠ

13. The army...... defeat at the hands of its enemies.

BỒ

ID

a. suffered c. bore

b. tolerated d. supported 77

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b. well-founded d. well-made

15. It takes years to .......... as a doctor. b. pass

c. complete

d. qualify

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

a. practice

TP

c. well-worn

.Q UY

a. well-knit

NH ƠN

14- All these sweaters are extremely...... .by the local residents of a smail Scottish island.

16. H is...... of Richard in was acclaimed as one of the best by any actor. b. entertaimnent

ẦN

a. performance

TR

c. portrayal

d. spectacle

10

00

B

17. Although it is only a small business, its .........is surprisingly high.

P2

+3

a. turnup

d. turnout

CẤ

c. turnabout

b. turnover

was always taught that it was ........ .......... to interrupt

a. rude

A

18.1

Í-

c. rough

b. coarse & crude

a. despite

b. however

c. even though

d. as though

20. They were....... for smuggling jewellery into the country.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

19. He refused tò give up work,....... he’d won a million pounds.

a. judged

b. arrested

c. accused

d. warned

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a. drops

b. lowers

c. sinks

d. reduces

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21. At the end of the winter, the price of winter clothes in tile shops usually..........

NH ƠN

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b. must

c. ought

d. will

^

HƯ NG

a need

ĐẠ O

TP

22. For this recipe to be successful, you........cook the meat for all least two hours in moderate oven.

ẦN

23. Have you got time to discuss your work now or are you to leave? b. planned

c. around

cLabout

B

TR

a. thinking

+3

10

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24.1 don’t see any ....... in arriving early at the theatre if the show doesn’t start until 9 o’clock.

P2

a. cause

CẤ

c. point

b. aim <Lreason

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a. making

A

25. Would you mind........ these plates a wipe before putting them in the cupboard? d. giving

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

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c. getting

b. doing

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

ca UNIT 15

b. extra

c. tall

d. special

ĐẠ O

a. medium

TP

1. The police are looking for a mạn o f.....height

HƯ NG

2. The children won’t go to sleep ......... we leave a light on outside theừ bedroom; b. otherwise

c. unless

d. but

TR

ẦN

a. except

B

3. I wrote to the company...... them for a catalogue.

10

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a. demanding

+3

c. enquiring

b. asking cLapplying

P2

4. The dampness of the wails causes the paint to ...... off.

A

c. flake

CẤ

a. crumble

-

b. splinter d. scale

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5. Unfortunately our local cinema is on th e___ of closing down. .*> b. hint

c. edge

d. threat

TO ÁN

a. verge

a. squeaking

b. screeching

c. shrieking

d. squealing

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ID

ƯỠ

NG

6. The door hinges had all been oiled to stop them ..........

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b. pennit

c. accept

d. allow

8. This film ......... . several scenes which are very funny. b. pictures

c. depicts

d. illustrates

ĐẠ O

TP

a. features

.Q UY

a. expect

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7. Youshỡiñd.........at least tiừeẹ days for the journey.

HƯ NG

9. From an early lead, the team ..... . to an embarrassing defeat. b. feii

c. declined

d. dropped

TR

ẦN

a. slumped

00

B

10.1 bought this fridge because I had confidence in the name. b. maker

10

a. mark

d. brand

P2

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c. commodity

CẤ

11. When it started to snow he ..... his overcoat.

A

SL put or?

c. took off

b. putin d. took out

TO ÁN

a. keep

-L

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12. It is very difficult to .........a secret from my family. c. take

b. leam d. hear

ƯỠ

NG

13. She said that she could n o t........a new dress on her small salary. b. save

c. afford

d. spare

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ID

a. spend

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a. book

b. engage

c. reserve

d. buy b. prevent

c. stop

d. avoid

ĐẠ O

a. resist

TP

15. He tripped on the stairs and could n ot...... felling.

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14. If you w a n t a cheap aứ ticket you must........well in advance.

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b. low

c. few

d. tiny

TR

ẦN

a. short

HƯ NG

16. He could not keep his family because his wages were too

00

B

17. He applied for a ....... in the offices of ã local newspaper.

10

a. work

d. job

P2

+3

c. career

b. duty

b. travelling d. touring

Í-

c. looking

a. sight-seeing

A

CẤ

18. When All arrived in London he spent all his tim e........ and visited all the important museums and buildings.

-L

19. He climbed the tree and picked all the fruit____re a c h . b. inside

c. within

d. beyond

TO ÁN

a. near

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

20. It was necessary to .........the factory buildings as the company was doing more and more business. a. extend

b. increase

c. lengthen

d. grow

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b. little

c. low

<Lfew

.Q UY

a. small

NH ƠN

21. The taxi-drivers are complaining that their fares are too

b. smashed

c. cut

d. crashed

ĐẠ O

a. slashed

TP

22. He swatted a fly on the window and...... the glass.

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23. A walnut tree........ us from the sun on hot days. b. warns

c. shelters

d. prevents

ẦN

a. fences

00

B

TR

24. Do be careful not to . ....... you coffee on this white rug, bill. b. spill

10

a. drip

<i leak

P2

+3

c. filter

CẤ

25. Nobody..... . that airplane crashed.

A

a. survived

d. released

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

c. lived

b. recovered

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

Pane ĐẠ O

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Gap-filling (Passage)

ẦN

HƯ NG

Passage 1: Hypatia w as___..... in Alexandria, in Egypt, in 370 A.D- For many centuries she w as___ 9*...... oxily woman scientist to have a place in the history books.

10

00

B

TR

Hypatia’s father was director of Alexandria university, and he ...y*..... . sure Ms daughter had ike best education available. This was unusual, as most women then had few .....to study.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

After studying in Athens and Rome, Hypatia returned to Alexandria...... (5).....she began teaching mathematics. She soon became famous ...... .(6).....her knowledge of new ideas. We have no copies of her books,.....(7).....we know that she wrote several important mathematical works. Hypatia was also interested in technology...... ........ several scientific tools to help-with her work. At th e ........ ...........many rulers were afraid of science, an d ........(10)........ connected with it was in danger. One day in

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

March 415, Hypatia was attacked in the sừeet and killed. 1.a.bom

b.begun

c.developed

d.grown

2.a.one

b.the

c.a

d.an

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10A O 3.a.coukL

b.made

c.said

4.a.cỉasses

c.opportunities d.teạchers

5.a.where

b.customs b.how

c.there

6.a.from

b.by

c.for

d.which d.in

7.a.because

b.but

c.or

d.as

8.a.did

b.experimented c.invented

d.leamt

b.period

d-time

c.year

10.a.anyòne b.nobody

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ĐẠ O

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9.a.day

d.put

d.something

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c.all

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

Passage 2: Most British people go abroad on holiday, to visit family, or on short business trips. People are ........(1)......... to find out how to get urgent treatment before leaving the UK. They have to .....(2K...... a form which explains what they . . . . . . do if theyfall in o r .....(4)........ an accident, and what arrangement exists in country for medical treatment The regulations are fairly simple b u t..... .(6).. .... People do not have this information, they may . . . . . . ...... that private medical care is extremely expensive. It is not unusual for people to discover that they do not have .....(8)...... money with them t o ..... (9).....the total costs and ......ílô)..___such circumstances an already difficult situation becomes even more complicated, q ỵỷ

ƯỠ

1.a.advised

ID

2.a.put

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3.

b.suggested

c.said

d.spoken

b.bring

c.fill

d.get

c.should

d.may

a.ought b.will

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txget b.each

c.happen

d.take

c.one

d.this

6.a.because

b.whether

c.as

d.if

7.a.look

b.want

c.find

d.know

8.a.enough

b.little

c.few

cLfuli

9.a.pay

b.give

c.spend

cLhave

10.a.on

b.in

c.at

ĐẠ O

TP

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NH ƠN

4.a.have 5.a.ứieir

HƯ NG

d.up

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ID

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NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

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B

TR

ẦN

Passage 3 Television is one of man’s most important...................of communication. It brings ....... .......... and sounds from around the world into millions of homes. A person with a television set can sit in his house and watch the President ...... (3)........ a speech or visit a foreign country. He can see a war being fought and watch statesmen try to ...... peace....... (5)..... television, home viewers can see and learn about people, places, and things in faraway lands. TV even takes its viewers out of this world. : It brings them ........of ẠmericaV astronauts as the astronauts explore outer space. ^ ; ...... all these tilings, television brings its viewers a steady streasL_QfL&rograms_that are . . . . . . . . to entertain. In fact, TV provides many more programs: than any other kind. The programs include action-packed dramas, light comedies, sporting.....(l0)....... and motion pictures. 1.a. procedures 2.a. pictures

b.means b.images

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c. manners c.visages

(^technologies d.portraits

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d.ìook d.looks d.By dbuiltup ñ.entertainment d.meetings

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5.a.ìn b.becauseof c.at 6.axovering b.views c.coveragé 7.a.In addition to b.As to c.Besiñe 8.ajdesigned b.pattemed c.monitored 9.a.excitement b.distraction c.fiin 10.a.happenings b.events c.occurence

NH ƠN

cùim%TO\mà à.move axo\md

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b.máke owl

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A.a.brâv%afoo\A

t«SBS?SftBrâB & ® K tt

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NG

TO ÁN

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Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

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B

TR

ẦN

Passage 4: If you’re an environmentalist, plastic is a word you tend to say with a sneer or a snarl. It has become a symbol of our wasteful. Throw-away society. But these seem little..... it is here to say, and the truth is, of course that plastic has brought enormous...... ('2\ .... even environmental ones. It’s not really the plastics themselves that are environmental ..... .............-it’s the way society chooses to use and .....(4L.....them . Almost alỉ the 50 or so different kinds of modem plastic are made ữom otĩ, gas or coal-non-renewable natural ..... . We ......................well over three million tonners of the stuff in Britain each year, sooner or later, most of it is thrown away. A high . . . . . . . of our annual consumption is in the ...... of packaging, and ứiis about seven percent by weight of our domestic ...... .. .... b.concem

c.doubt

cLlikelihood

2.a.pleasure

b.benefits

c.savings

d.profits

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ID

1.a.evidence

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b.diaster

c.disañvantagé devil

4.a.ñispose

b.store

c.enñanger

dabuse

5.^resource

b.processes

c.proñưcts

d. fuels

6.a.remove

bimport

C-Consign

d.consmne

7.a.portion

b.amount

c.proportion

d.rate

b:kind

c.fonn

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TP

way

ĐẠ O

8.a.

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3.a.poison

b.makes .

c.carries

ñ.consitutes

10.ajrefuse

b.goods

c.reqmrement

d.rubble

ẦN

HƯ NG

9.atakes

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

Passage 5: ■. In an age when technology is developing faster than ever before, many people are being . . . ... to the idea of looking back into the past. One way they can do this is by investigating their own family history. They can try to . . . . . . . out more about where their families came from and what they did. This is now a fast-growing hobby, especially in the countries with a .....^ ....... short history, like Australia and tile United States.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

It is ....i4). ứùng to spend some more tim e...... (5)...... through a book family history and to take th e .....(ổ)........to investigate your own family’s past. It is ......Z7*..... . another to carry out the research work successfully. It is easy to set about it in a disorganized way and ......./8)......... yourself many problems which could have been....................with a little forward planning. If your own family stories tell you that you are........(i0)..... with a famous character, whether hero or criminal, do not let this idea take over your research.

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attracted

c.fetched

d.brought

NH ƠN

l.a pushed

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b.make

c.put

cLfmd

3.a.fairly

b.greatly

c.mostly

4.a*a

b.one

c.no

d. widely d.some

5.a.seeing

b.moving

c.gomg

d.living

6.a.idea

b.plan

c.purpose

cLdecision

7.a.quite

b.just

c.more

d.even

8.a.produce

b.cause

c.build

9.a.missed

b.Iost

c.avoided

TP

ĐẠ O

HƯ NG

d.create

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10.a.connected b.joined

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2.a.ỉay

d.related

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TR

c.attached

d.escaped

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

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Passage 6; Fừẹmen had been fighting ứie forest.....(l).......for nearly three weeks before they could get i t ....... (2)......control. A short time before, great frees had covered the countryside for miles around. N ow ,...... .......... still rose up from the warm ground over the desolate hills. Winter was coming on and the h ills.....the surrounding villages with destruction, for heavy rain would not only wash away the soil but would cause serious floods as well. When the fire had at last been ............... the forest authorities ordered several tons of a special type of grass-seed which would grow quickly. The .....(6).......... was sprayed over the ground in huge .......... ^ ........ by aeroplanes. The planes had been ...... (8)..... seed for nearly a month when it began to rain. By then, however, in many places the grass had already taken.

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

...... (9).............In pỉace of the great trees which had been growing there for centuries, patches of green had begun to appear in th e ................ soil. b.fire

c.plant

d.heat

2.a.under

b.above

c.in

d.on

3.a.plants

bJheat

c.smoke

4.a.supplied

b.próvided

c.threatened

5.a.put out

b.put away

c.put on

d. put off

6.a.fertilizer

b.seed

c.plant

d.water

7.a.amount

b.number

c.qualities

d.quantities

8.a.ừanspỉanting b.planting

c.watering

d.providing

b.wet

ĐẠ O

HƯ NG

ẦN

TR

B 00

10. a.fertilized

10

b.branch

d.&e d.persuaded

c.trunk

d.tree

c.good

d.blackened

CẤ

P2

+3

9.a.root

TP

La.cold

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

Passage 7: Though Brazil is one of the richest...... (1)....... in the world, much of it has nọt yet been developed. It was mainly for this reason that the Brazilian . .....(2).....decided to have a new city built 600 miles north-west of Rio de Janeiro. ...... ............ by the great architect Lucio Costa, the new city, Brasilia, replaced Rio de Janeừo as capital o f ...... .......... in 1960. Brasilia has been carefully planned for modem living. Its wide roads, which can take fourteen lanes of traffic, have been kept away from living area...... ......do not have to cross........ (6).......... streets to go to school. Housewives can visit shopping centres on foot, for in these specially designed 90

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ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

living areas, cars a re ....... . At first, the government had great difficulty in . . . . . people to leave Rio and to settle in Brasilia. Since 1960, however, the .......(9\ .......has been growing all the time. Brasilia has quickly established itself as the capital of the country. The idea to have the .........(10).... ... moved so far inland will have a great .effect on the future of Brazil. ,

NH ƠN

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c.people

2.a.people

b.population

c.goverment

3.a.moved

b.designed

c.buiỉt

4,a.Brazil

b.Australia

a America

d.Engiand

5.a.people

b.parents

c.teachers

dxhildren

6.a.empty

b.busy

C.la2y

d.&ee

c.important

dnecessary

c.leaving

duelling

c.people

d.population

c.capital

cLtown

9.a.adults

bxhildren

10.a.district

b.city

CẤ

A

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Í-L

Passage 8:

TR

B

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b.persuading

P2

8-a.ordering

dxitizens

cLtom down

+3

7.a.unnecessary b.needed

HƯ NG

b.places

10

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l.a.countries

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

A Festival for tile Dead is held once a year in Japan. This ............. is a cheerful occasion, for on this day, the .....^ ........ are said to return to theừ homes and they are welcomed by the . . . . . . . As they are expected to be hungry .....(4)... ... ứieịr long journey, food is laid out for them. Specially-made lanterns are hung outside each house to help the dead to find thẻừ way. All night long, people dance 91 Đóng góp PDF bởi GV. Nguyễn Thanh Tú

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b.game

c.match

d.sport

2.a.people

b.dead

c.ricli

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d.poor

3.a.poor

tmch

c.living

d.dead

4.a.before

b.after

c.in spite of

cLbecause of

5.a.vegetable

b.fruit

c.drink

d.food

6.a.raincoats

b.overcoats

c.candles

dlantems

7.a.festival

b.food

c.meeting

d.game

8.a.drift

b.go

c.drive

d.run

b.part

c.iand

d.araa

c.doing

d.making

B 00 10 +3

P2

CẤ

HÓ Í-

9.a.world

TR

l.aiestival

A

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

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NH ƠN

and sing. In ứre early morning, tỉie ...... had been laid out for the dead is thrpwn into a river or into the sea as it is considered unlucky for anyone living to eat it In town that are near the sea, the tiny ......(6). . w h i c h had been hung in the streets the mght before, are placed into the water when the .... is over. Thousands of lanterns slowly ...... ........ out to sea guiding the dead on theừ return journey to the other.....^ .....This is a moving spectacle, for crowds of people stand on the shore ^ ----- the lanterns drifting away until they can be seen no more.

TO ÁN

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10.a.watching” b.hearing

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

Passaged Experiments have proved tibat children can be instructed in swimming at a very early age. At a special ... ,... in Los Angeles, children become expert at holding thdr .......... under water even before they can walk. Babies of

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B

TR

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HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

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two months old do not appear to be reluctant to enter the ..................... I t IS not long Before they are s o accustomed to . . . . . . . that they can pick up weights from the ... .... of the pool. A game that is very popular with these young.....^ ....... is the underwater tricycle race. Tricycles are lined up on the floor of the pool seven feet under ... .(7)........ The children compete against each other to reach the other end of th e ................. Many pedal their tricycles, but most of them prefer to push or drag them. Some children can cover the whole length of the po o l...... . coming up for the breath even once. Whether they will ever become future Olympic champions, only time will tell. Meanwhile, they should encourage those among US who cannot swim five yards .......(10)........they are gasping for air.

NH ƠN

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1.a.swimming pool b.church

d.club

b.talking

C iS w iim n in g

d.walking

b.side

c.base

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atop

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8.a.sea

b.footbalplayer c.singer

Í-

6.a.swimmers 7.a.age 9.a.owing

to

d.floor cLcoachers d.sun

b.ground

c.water

b.pool

c.Iake

d riv e r

b.by

c.with

(Lwithout

b.after

C.1

das soon as

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ID

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10.a.before

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c.house

+3

d. heads

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4.a.jogging

d.park

c.hands

3.a.swirmning pool b.water 5.

10

b.breath

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2.a.clothes

c.stadium

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A

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P2

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ẦN

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ĐẠ O

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

Passage 10: Every ....... (1)...... wants to work on one of the big national newspapers but most of us have to start on a small local paper. Local papers ..... S2\ ..... in a town or a particular area. They have small circulations, perhaps only a few thousand.....^ ..... . National papers circulate ứiroughout the whole country and may have cừculatíons of eight million readers. There are tw o.....i4)....... of national of papers, the “quality papers” and the “popular papers”. In a popular paper you may see a girl in a bathing suit or even less on the second page and th e.................often has a different angie to it. It is often more sensational. A few years ago a driving ...... ®....... refused to give a gừl a driving test. He said her skirt was too short. In one of the popular...............this story was on the front page. Eight paragraphs were written about it and there was also a .....( }...... of the girl. In one of the quality papers the story was on a back ...... (9)....... and only two paragraphs were .....(10).....about it 1.a.actor

b.joumalist

c.actress

d.editor

b.talk

c.calculate

d.estimate

3.auditors

b.joumalist

c.readers

d.speakers

4.a.joumalists

b.cừculatíons c.markets

d.types

5.a.news

b.facts

c.advertisings

d.ads

6.a.policeman b.examiner

c.examinee

d.teacher

7.a.articles

c.leaves

d.papers

b.documents

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

2.a.cừculate

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8.a-shelter

b.shade

c.picture

cLimage

9.a.page

b.article

c.news

dad

drawn

b.painted C.spoken

<Lwritten

.Q UY

10.a.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

TP

Passage 11:

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Francois Truffaut (1932-1984) is one of France’s best known film directions. His work can be seen as an attempt to create a new cultural identity ỉn the postwar pẽriocL He grew up in Pigalle, a lively cosmopolitan area in Paris and ........ ..........., he always felt they neglected him. It was ...... .(2).........that he developed a great love for reading. He .....and he kept careful often played truant ữom school notes on everything he saw. From 1945 onwards, cinema clubs started opening in Paris ...... Ỉ4}...... and the directors Jean Renoir, Howard Hawks and Alfred Hitchcock became Truffaut’s major influences. In the 1950s Truffaut became a film critic for an arts magazine, and later started making his own films. He believed strongly that directors must always follow theừ own artistic inspiration, and put their personal stamp on their work, Truffaut and other young French dừectors, like Chabrol, Godard and Rohmer, became known as the New Wave, ......s®...... Sadly, Truffaut’s career was cut short in 1984,...............

TO ÁN

A. in order to go to the cinema. B. although his parents were not poor.

NG

c. when he died of brain cancer.

ƯỠ

D. and they produced many prize-winning films.

BỒ

ID

E. because he was felt on his own so much.

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NH ƠN

F. but this was simply not possible at time. G. despite pressure on them make financially successful films.

.Q UY

H; to show films that had previously been banned.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

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TO ÁN

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Passage 12: In 1995 the British woman Alison Hargreaves became, the first female climber to conquer . Mount; Everest, ..... :.. .without oxygen or the help of sherpas, ứie native Nepalese...... ......... .. Only one other person had achieved this before- Reinhoid Messner,../3\ ...... Mrs. Hargreaves had spent over a year ^ ........ by training on the Scottish mountain Ben Nevia, ......... She was confident she would reach the summit, .........., ..........(6). . .because of bad weather. Mr.Ballard said . . . and very proud of her,......(8)....... . Tragically, Alison Hargreaves fell to her death a few months later, in an avalanche on K23, the world’s second highest peak. A. despite being forced to give up tile previous year’s attempt B. where her husband Jim Ballard worked part-time. c. who normally carry climber’s equipment and supplies D. although they had never really doubted she would manage it E. preparing for the trip. F. who reached the top in 1980 G. the highest mountain in the world H. but he had hoped the weather would improve I. that he and theừ children were ñẽlỉghíed 96

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Í-

A. stay on floor

A

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.Q UY

Passage 13: When President Kennedy told the world about the u s space program many men wanted the chance...... to be astronauts. ..... for an astronaut because a Age is one thing . younger man usually has a stronger and healthier body than an older man. He must also be brave enough...... ......... And then he must be clever mán who can understand and pilot spaceship. Many of the astronauts were pilots. While others buiid better and better spaceships, the astronauts were busy. They learned .....(4)...... and the mistakes a man can make if he is careless or if he doesn’t know enough. And doctors worked with them to make them as strong and healthy as sportsmen must be. Life in space is very different from life on earth. At first as spaceship goes very fast at lift-off and a passenger inside must sit or ...... (3)........ There is not much room for the astronaut. Later, when the spacecraft has left the earth’s atmosphere, he can move but very strangely. When he wants to walk, his feet do n o t............. he is weightless and so he flies through the air.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

-L

B. which is useful

TO ÁN

c. to go into space D. how to deal with other people

NG

E. to be alone in space

ƯỠ

F. which is important

BỒ

ID

Q. are up-side down 97

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H. what can happen in space

NH ƠN

I. lie down in one place

.Q UY

J. move around

TO ÁN

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Passage 14: Card playing has brought pleasure to millions of surprising people for some six centuries and is popular the world over, so it is not to discover that thousands of games have been invented. There is a widespread belief that all card games have official rules but the situation is complex and this idea is best ignored. Widely played games . . . . . . . in much the same way. National and regional games may have official rules published by an organization devoted to the game, but these ...... (2)..... in local and family play. Of course, it is essential to establish a set of rules of the club, or tournament play, but these.....(3)...... as the rules of club, not the rules of the game. In homes people play cards for enjoyment and ...... (4)........and drop rales to suit their tastes. It is because tastes . . . . . . . . . and generation to generation that card games evolve. Games that no longer evolve become extinct. No books can do more than ....(6*...... or are said by other books to be played. Nor should it expect to. The only important tiling is that everybody playing around the same table at the same table at the same time should be following the same rules. A. played in its country of origin c. will naturally introduce D. have decided between alternative rules

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

B. should be regarded

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'1

NH ƠN

E. tend to be played everywhere F. never did lay down official rules G. vary from place to place

.Q UY

H. describe how game are played J. have official rules

HƯ NG

**►

ĐẠ O

TP

I. are happily ignored

Passage 15:

ƯỠ

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TO ÁN

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Teachers are committed to students and theừ learning. They must a c t..... ............. all students can learn. They must organize individual difference........ ^ ...... and adjust theừ practice accordingly. They must know that theừ mission extends beyond developing the cognitive capacity - . . . . They must be concerned with their student’s self-concept, ...... ..... and with the development of character. Teachers must know the subjects they teach and . . . . . . ..... V They must know command specialized knowledge of how to convey a subject to students. Teachers are responsible for multiple methods . . . . . knowing and being able to employ a variety of instructional skills. Teachers must think systematically about theừ practice and ....... ^ ......., seeking the advice of others and drawing on education research and scholarship to improve their practice. A. in class B. how to teach them c. with theừ motivation

BỒ

ID

D. learn from experience E. of their students 99

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ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

F. in the long run G. how to play H. in tìieừ students L to meet thdr goals J. on the belief that

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

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Passage 16: Languages are marvelously complex and wonderfully complicated organs of culture: they embody the quickest and the most efficient means of communicating ....... ..... . .To learn a foreign language is to learn ..... . In the words of a poet and philosopher, “As many languages as one speaks, so many lives one loves”.; A culture and its language are as inseparable as brain and body: one is a part of the other, neither can function ____^ ......... . In learning a foreign language, ứie best beginning is with . . . . . . . its gestures, its body language. Eye contact is .....(6). .... in English. Direct eye contact heads to understanding or as the English maxiin has it, seeing eye to eye. We can never see eye-tp-eye.....we have learned to look directly into his eyes. A. white B . extremely important c. within theừ respective culture D. very interesting E. with a native speaker of English F. with foreigners G. the non-verbal linguistic elements of the language

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

because without the other another culture until

TP

H. I. J. K.

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ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

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ẦN

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ĐẠ O

Passage 17: Americans have always been ambivalent in theừ attitudes toward education. . . . . . ...... free and universal public education .. .. .(2)..... In a democracy, for how else would citizens learn how to govern themselves in a responsible way? On the other hand, America was always a country .....^ .......for which education was not needed: on the road ửom rags to riches, schooling-beyond the basics of reading, writing, and aritbxnetic-was an unnecessary detour. Even today, it is still possible for peopie to achieve financial success without much education............... in which this is possible is decreasing, in today’s more complex world, the opportunities for financial success are closely related to ..... .. .... especially higher education. Our society is rapidly becoming one whose chief product is information, and dealing with information requires more and more specialized education.................., we grow up learning more and more about fewer and fewer subjects. A. but a scientist 3. in other words c. but the number of situations D. was seen as necessary

BỒ

ID

E. since the development

F. that offered financial opportunities

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NH ƠN

G. on the one hand H. the need for education.

.Q UY

I. is of little or no importance.

Í-

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Passage 18: Ask there people to look out the same window at a busy sfreet comer and tell y o u .....^ ...... . . Chances are you will receive three different answers. Each person sees the same scene but each...... (2)..... Perceiving goes on in our minds. Of the three people who look out the window, one may say that he sees ^ ...... a ticket. Another may say that he sees a rush hour traffic jam at the intersection. The third may tell you that he sees ..... ...... with your children in tow. For perception is the mind’s interpretation of ....... in this case your eyes tell us. Many psychologists today are working to try to determine just how a person experiences or .....(6)___ . Using a scientific approach, these psychologist set up experiments in which they can control all of the factors. By measuring and charting the results of many experiments, they are trying to find o u t.....(7)__ . perceive different tilings about the same scene.

-L

A. what they see

TO ÁN

B. what makes different people c. what the results

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

D. a woman toying to cross the street

E. perceives something different about it F. a policeman giving a motorist

102

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NH ƠN

G. what the senses H. perceives the world around him

.Q UY

I. a child crying

TP

J. talk about different things

ĐẠ O

Passage 19:

Í-

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Many American women are earning money -(1).. . . . today. Among women who are eighteen to sixty-four years old, fifty percent have jobs. In general, working women have had more education than those who stay at home ................... Thirty two percent have attended college, compared with twenty percent...... Among women with jobs, eight percent often drive car to work, and eight percent took a vacation aw ay............. During the past year, much of their travelling was by air. These figures come ..... / 5)....... which was written for advertisers. The report gives advertisers a new picture of woman today. For instance, it tells advertisers that fifty-one percent.....^ .......... along with fifty-nine percent of all American men. The best for American business is that many women how have other interest.....^ ........ . They like advertisements which show women in office, planes and cars.

-L

A. outside theừ home

TO ÁN

B. from home

c. o (o) American women have travelled by air

ƯỠ

NG

D. outside their classroom.

ID

E. 0(o) those who work

BỒ

F. ửom a report 103

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NH ƠN

G. of those who do not have jobs.

.Q UY

H. including their important role

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Passage 20: In many large cities, sữeets are filled with cars but cars rarely filed with people. Most of these cars contain only one or two persons, generally both drivers and passengers want to get they are possible, then why are they there? Sometimes they are simple toying to get through the city ...... (2)........to some place else ...... The real reason most people are there is because the city is the cenừe of the activity .....(4).....rapid developments in transportation and communication businessmen still find it convenient to be ............... . Workers who cannot afford cars still find it necessary .....they are fast and dependable. They must be able to travel to theừ jobs, theatre, concert halls and museums, and these places continue .....p .... they can be reached by the large numbers of people. A. in the centre of the activity B. as far away from where

Í-

c. to be located where

-L

D. on thô£>ne hand F. but G. to live near public transportation system H. despite I. to

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

E. on theừ way

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NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

Multiple Choices

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

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Í-

A

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Passage lr What biologists refer to as succession usually begins as a result of natural destruction, such as by fire or flood. It can also be caused directly by man; he is responsible for tile destruction o f a lot of the world’s nature. Succession, sometimes called secondary succession, will occur when species of nature are destroyed and the land is left alone to recover. During the early decades of the settlement of North America a lot of beech-raaple forest in New England was cut down to make way for farming. However, as is well-known in American history, very many settlers moved west, abandoning thdr farms. Secondary succession then began in the fields that were left untended At first, stronger grasses and weeds appeared in the fields- Then, shrubs started growing, followed by a re-emergence of some trees, like junipers and pines. Eventually, beeches and maples were able to grow protected by the other trees, and after a time what was open land had become onee again forest. This is still happening in New England and in many other parts of the world. This does of course mean that there is still hope for our planet, just so long as people keep on moving as they have tìirotì^iout history. The only real problem is the great amount. o f time needed to achieve complete secondary succession. 105

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I. Choose the appropriate letters A-D. A.

NH ƠN

1. What is the best title for the passage? The Destruction of Nature

.Q UY

(Ip1 Secondary Succession

TP

c. Man’s Destruction of Nature

ĐẠ O

D. Biologists’ Succession

HƯ NG

2. Which of the following is NOT according to the passage cause of the destruction of nature? A. Fừe

ẦN

B. Man

TR

c Flood

00

B

n3j Climate

P2

Settlers moving west

A

CẤ

A.

+3

10

3. What was NOT a reason for the start of secondary succession in New England?

Í-

D. Land being left untended.

TO ÁN

-L

4. What is the reason the author gives for the eventual regrowth of the beeches and maples? A. Shrubs grew around them.

NG

B. Grasses made the earth stronger.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

/Cị Other trees sheltered them.

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NH ƠN

5. What’s the tone of this passage? y * ' /AJOptimistic. B. Inconclusive,

.Q UY

c. Pessimistic. ĐẠ O

TP

D. Neutral. Passage 2:

ẦN

HƯ NG

Science as we know it today can be said to have started with the ancient Greeks, with the likes of Herodotus, Aristotle and Theophrastus, air of whom lived from 300 to 500 years before Christ.

CẤ

P2

+3

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B

TR

Theừ findings were still valid two millenniums later, when science was reborn with the ^naissancefollowing the Dark Ages when after the fali of Rome7"rcmghly 1000 years after the Greeks created their scientific theories, science and learning were forgotten during the ravages of war and disease which enveloped the whole of the then civilized world.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

Geology, even nuneralogy, can be traced back to the Greeks. They recognized that the^jsidoBjoEffieLlandmdjsea. hacLxhanged and thaL_a_greatdength^QlJime had, been necessary for these changes. They believed the world, was round, that the orbits of planets were also tircular and they noticed that heavy objects fell faster thaniight-ones. Sọ, more sciences than one can be said to have begun with the Greeks.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

Of course, all their learning might have disappeared for good during 20 the six or seven centuries of the Dark Ages. But the Arabs were also interested in science, and they were at the edge of the Dark Ages, so they were able to preserve the findings of the Greeks, translating some of theừ work and

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

even building on it. When science finally took rt)0 t again in the Middle Ages it was based very much on the 25 ideas and work of the Greeks.

10

P2

+3

B. The Arabs. c. The Roman Empừe.

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

1. What’s the main point the author is making in this passage? A. Much of Greek science was lost in the Dark Ages. B. The Arabs copied the Greek ideas. /c ị Much of modem science is based on the work of the ^ ancient Greeks. D. The findings of the ancient Greeks were re-found a millemum later. 2. According to the passage what was the reason science had to make a recovery?* fifejorhe Renaissance.

CẤ

í d Ị) The Dark Ages.

A

3. According to the passage which of the following was NOT among the findings made by the Greeks? /

Í-

A. The changed position of the land and the sea. v

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

|B.)The relation of the moon to the earth. XJ c. The shape of the earth. D. The way the planets went round the earth. V 4. Why were the Arabs able to preserve tile findings of the Greeks? {A^They were not so badly affected by the Dark Ages. B. They were not a part of the Roman Empire. 108

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NH ƠN

c. They made theừ own discoveries.

.Q UY

D. They liked copying other people’s work. 5. What might the next part of the lecture be about? B. Arab scientists and science.

ĐẠ O

(c) The development of science in the middle Ages.

TP

A. Science as we know it today.

HƯ NG

D. Other scientific findings.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

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ẦN

Passage 3: There is one planet that still fascinates and teases scientists, mainly because it doesn’t havean atoiosghereto / obscure/ observation, yet it is not big enough for sufficiently '^accurate telescopic observation. The fact that it is also very close to the sun also makes it difficult for asừonomers. However, space telescopes have told us a lot more about Mercury. It is rather similar to Earth’s moon, and to Mars. There are mountainous areas dotted with craters and large valleys which are uncratered. The moon’s valleys have fewer cracks and the ridges are smoother. Mercury’s valleys are filled with volcanic rocks, similar to on the moon, yet there is no evidence of volcanoes, even extinct ones, on Mercury, as there is on both Mars and the moon, and of course here on Earth.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

So, scientists presume the valleys on Mercury were caused by different things that are to say not by volcanoes, but by very large meteorites, which also caused the cracks in the terrain and left the ridges rough and uneven. More and better photos of Mercury are needed to prove what are at present at best only hypotheses. 109

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NH ƠN

j <c "Ĩ,

1. What is the topic of tills passage? ( a ) The planet, Mercury

TP

The earth’s moon

D. Astronomers’ difficulties 2. Why does one planet still tease scientists?

ĐẠ O

c.

.Q UY

B. Observation of Planets

ẦN

HƯ NG

A. Because it has an atmosphere which obscures observation.

TR

c. Because it is too close to the sun. 00

B

D. Because it is difficult for space probes to get close to.

+3

10

3. What is true about Mercury but not true about tlie moon or Mars?

P2

^rffrhe valleys are filled with volcanic rocks,

A

The valleys are uneratered.

c.

CẤ

B. There are hilly regions,

Í-

{ D) There are no volcanoes.

TO ÁN

-L

4. What does the author imply space telescopes can do better than land-based telescopes? A. Show the volcanoes on Mercury.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

(ST) Show more of the planet, Mercury.

c.

Show what caused Mercury’s valleys.

D. Show the meteorite which hit Mercury.

110

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^Ồ5Ỉ&.^^KSữSSĩồ©K»

NH ƠN

need to get more detailed observation of Mercury? A. Larger space telescopes. { Ẹ Better 'or more space telescopes. D. More ways to prove hypotheses.

.

.

.

ĐẠ O

TP

.

.Q UY

B. More hypotheses.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

Passage 4: «*► A major challenge to management in the ỉaíe 1970s and early 1980s was the need to increase the productivity of American business. Before that, the productivity growth rate of US industry had begun to fall behind Japan and even Western Europe. If the country’s economy was to go forward a radical change in productivity was called for. But to return to the high productivity growth rate of the years when the u s was still the world leader required many changes and solutions to problems. Management, for a start, had to be revitalized, re-thought out. The energy problem, both the shortage and the high price, had to be solved. Business operations as a whole had to be improved. Above all, efficiency, basically the efficiency of the management since it directly affects the efficiency of the* labor force, had to be improved. This meant better efficiency in employing all the necessary resources, whether they be natural, human or financial. Í. What is the main idea of the passage?

NG

A. The increase of productivity in the u s .

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

B. A comparison of productivity rates in the us, Japan and Western Eurởpe.

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i^Cj/The needdbr changes In OS pnxỉiỊctháty. D. The US economy.

TP

.Q UY

2. Which country or continent was probably the world leader in productivity in the early 1970s? ÍAĨTbe u s

‘Japan c. Western Europe D. Germany 3. According to the author wfaat was the problem with American management? A. They were short of managers. Ó '■ '■V--' ■■ ; By It lacked effectiveness. p. They had a poor education. JHna (0% There were too many problems. 4.

CẤ

is not efficient?

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

/~

-L

Í-

A

A. B. All resources will have to be better. /c .) The workers will be inefficient. KJ ' ” c ‘■ D. Directors will take over the management.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

5. What does the author feel is the most important way to increase productivity? vS j A combined use of all the necessary resources. B. Close cooperation between management and labor. c. The return of the economy to its previous position. D. More effective management. V,.;/

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.Q UY

Many farces, hospital managers, medical practitioners, parents too, continue to increase pressure to do more outpatient surgery for children.

NH ƠN

Passage 5:

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

The emphasis on faster operating room turnaround time, more effective use of space and personnel and the presumed resulting cost reduction are commonly sought goals. These goals are important for ail patients, but especially for the pediatric patient, who being much younger is free from systemic disease and requires simpler, shorter surgical procedures, and a shorter convalescence.

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

Despite many advantages pediatric outpatient surgery can have problems. Since children are usually healthy and usuaỉỉy recover from surgery, some doctors may assume that all such patients are outpatient candidates. There may be delays and inappropriate scheduling caused by rush, by inappropriate consultation and previously undiagnosed diseases.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

However, nearly all problems can be solved by proper patient selection. Many more patients than at present can undergo outpatient anesthesia, reducing the separation time of the child from the family. The advantages listed above will be enhanced when combined with appropriate postoperative discharge criteria and out-of-hospital care. Everyone will benefit: the child, the family, the physician, the hospital staff and even the third party payer. 1. What is the main purpose of the passage?

ƯỠ

NG

A. To force hospital managers to increase outpatient surgery for children.

BỒ

ID

B. To emphasize faster operating room turnaround time.

c.

To inform parents about outpatient surgery. 113

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D. To put forward reasons in favor of pediatric oirtpatieofev§5 surgery.

.Q UY

2. Which of the following is NOT one of the aims mentioned in the passage? A. More personnel Better use of available space

ĐẠ O

c.

TP

B. Quicker use of operating rooms

HƯ NG

D. Saving costs

3. What does die author imply by saying that some doctors assume that all children can be outpatients?

TR

ẦN

A. They may forget about other patients.

B

B. They may make a mistake.

00

c. They may think all patients are not healthy.

+3

10

D. They may be in a rush.

P2

4. The audience for this passage could most likely be?

CẤ

A. Hospital managers

A

B. The parents of pediatric patients

Í-

c. Physicians

-L

D. The Department of Health

TO ÁN

5. What is the author’s attitude towards more outpatient surgery for children?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

A. He is against. B. He thinks it unlikely to happen, c. He is in favor. D. He thinks there are too many problems.

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.Q UY

Many people who live near the Theme Park axe afraid to go into ứie Forest area. There is a legend, that a woman who once lived in the forest as an outlaw hundreds and hundreds of years ago, still walks ứiere as a ghost at night

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

The legend says, she was a great warrior from a rich family, but the wicked king, who ruled the country, killed her family and burned her castle, that is quite close to tke Theme Park. Her name was Maureen. Maureen escaped being killed by running into the forest. Because of this, the King made a decree.

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

Many of the poor people, who knew Maureen, liked her very much and they told her what the King was going to do. Maureen decided to fight the King. She did this by helping the poor, by robbing the rich and giving their money to the poor. Every time someone rich came through the forest, she would rob him.

CẤ

P2

Maureen was a heroine for the poor, but in die end, one of the poor betrayed her.

Í-

A

She was caught by the King's soldiers and hung in the forest by the King from one of the old oak trees. The legend says that her ghost still walks there by night.

TO ÁN

-L

1. Why are some people afraid of the Forest Area in the Theme Park? A. Some people are afraid of the dark.

ƯỠ

NG

B. Some people are afraid of a man who walks around at night as a ghost.

BỒ

ID

c . Some people are afraid of a woman who walks around at night as a ghost 115

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2. What is the name of the woman in the legend? A. Marine

.Q UY

B. Maureen

NH ƠN

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c. Marion

TP

3. Who killed Maureen's family and burned her castle?

ĐẠ O

A. The king killed her family. c. The witch killed her family.

ẦN

4. What was the King like?

HƯ NG

B. The queen killed her family,

TR

A. He was good.

B

B. He was nice,

10

00

c fíe was wicked.

P2

+3

5. Where did Maureen go after her family was killed and her castle burned?

CẤ

A. She went to the Theme Park for the day,

A

B. She ran into the forest.

c. She ran to the poor people.

-L

Í-

6. How didjhe poor people feel about Maureen?

TO ÁN

A. They did not like her.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

B. They liked her. c. They hated her.

7. How much gold would the King give for anyone who found Maureen? A. He would give 500 silver coins. 116

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NH ƠN

B. He would give 50 gold coins, c. He would give 500 gold coins.

.Q UY

8. How did Maureen help the poor? B. She robbed the King.

c.

She robbed the rich, who came into the forest.

ĐẠ O

I

A. One of the rich betrayed Maureen. B. One of the poor betrayed Maureen.

HƯ NG

I 9. Who betrayed Maureen? I .1' I

TP

A. She won tile lottery.

TR

ẦN

c. One of the poor King's soldiers betrayed Maureen. B

I 10. How did she die? A. She was hung.

I

B. She was boiled alive.

I

c. She had her head chopped off. CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

I

Passage 7: Most people can remember a phone number for up to thirty seconds. When this short amount of time elapses, however, the numbers are erased from the memory. How did the information get there in the first place? Information that makes its way to the short term memory (STM) does so via the sensory storage area. The brain has a filter which only allows stimuli that is of immediate interest to pass on to the I STM, also known as the working memory.

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

I I I I I

BỒ

ID

I There is much debateabout the capacity and duration of I the short term memory. The most accepted theory comes

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BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

from George A. Miller, a cognitive psychologist who suggested that humans can remember approximately seven chunks of information. A chunk is defined as a meaningful unit of information, such as a word or name rather than just a letter or number. Modem theorists suggest that one can increase the capacity of the short term memory by chunking, or classifying similar information together. By organizing information, one can optimize the STM, and improve the chances of a memory being passed on to long term storage. When making a conscious effort to memorize something, such as information for an exam, many people engage in "rote rehearsal". By repeating something over and over again, we are able to keep a memory alive. Unfortunately, this type of memory maintenance only succeeds if there are no interruptions. As soon as a person stops rehearsing the information, it has the tendency to disappear. When a pen and paper are not handy, you might attempt to remember a phone number by repeating it aloud If the doorbell rings or the dog barks to come in before you get the opportunity to make your phone call, you will forget the number instantly. Therefore, rote rehearsal is not an efficient way to pass information ữom the short term to long term memory. A better way is to practice “elaborate rehearsal”. This involves assigning semantic meaning to a piece of information so that it can be filed along with other pre-existing long term memories. Encoding information semantically also makes it more retrievable. Retrieving information can be done by recognition or recall. Humans can recall memories that are stored in the long term memory and used often. However, if a memory seems to be forgotten, it may eventually be retrieved by prompting. The more cues a person is given (such as pictures), the more likely a memory can be retrieved. This is why multiple choice tests are often used for subjects that require a lot of memorization. 118

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1. According to the passage, how do memories get transferred to the STM? -

.Q UY

A. They revert from the long term memory. B. They are filtered from title sensory storage area,

ĐẠ O

TP

c. They get chunked when they enter the brain. D. They enter via the nervous system.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

HƯ NG

2. The word "elapses” in paragraph 1 is closest kb meaning to: A. passes

ẦN

B. adds up

TR

c. appears

00

B

D. continues

P2

+3

10

3. All of the following are mentioned as places in which memories are stored EXCEPT the:

A

B. long term memory

CẤ

A. STM

c. sensory storage area

-L

Í-

D.maintenance area

TO ÁN

4. Why does the author mention a dog's bark? A. It is a type of memory.

NG

B. It is a type of interruption.

ID

ƯỠ

c. Dogs have better memories than humans.

BỒ

D. A dog’s bark is similar to a doorbell. 119

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NH ƠN

5. What is paragraph 2 mainly about?

D. regular

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

A. George A. Miller B. Cognitive theorists c. STM capacity D. Modem debates 6. How do theorists believe a person can remember more information in a short time? A. by organizing it B. by repeating it c. by giving it a name D. by drawing it 7. The author believes that rote rotation is: A. The best way to remember something B. More.efficient than chunking c. Ineffective in the long run D. An unnecessary interruption 8. The word "it" in the first sentence of the last paragraph refers to: A. encoding B. STM c. semantks D. information 9. The word "elaborate" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to: A. complex B. efficient c. pretty

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10. Which of the following is NOT supported by the passage?

NH ƠN

A. The working memory is the same as the short term memory.

.Q UY

B. A memory is kept alive through constant repetition.

ĐẠ O

D. Multiple choice exams are the most difficult

TP

c. Cues help people to recognize information.

HƯ NG

Passage 8:

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

Horse owners who plan to breed one or more mares should have a working knowledge of heredity and know how to care for breeding animals and foals. The number of mares bred that actually conceive varies from about 40 to 85 percent, with the average running less than 50 percent Some mares that do conceive fail to produce living foals. This means that, on average, two mares are kept a whole year to produce one foal, and even then, some foals are disappointments from the standpoint of quality.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

By careful selection, breeders throughout history have developed various kinds of horses with a wide variety of characteristics to suit many different needs. The Great Horse of the Middle Ages, for example, was bred for size and strength to carry a heavily armored knight The massive horses of such breeds are often called "cold blooded.” The Arabs bred lithe desert horses that were small and swift. These animals are often referred to as "hot blooded.". Crossbreeding of hot-blooded and cold-blooded horses for certain characteristics produced breeds ranging from riding horses to draft horses.

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TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

The thoroughbred is considered by many to be the highpoint of elegance and fine selective breeding. Many persons mistakenly apply the name Thoroughbred to any purebred horse. But a Thoroughbred is a distinct breed of running horses that traces its ancestry through the male line directly back to three Eastern stallions: the Byerly Turk, the Darley Arabian, and the Godolphin Barb.

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

For convenience the breeds of horses are often divided into three major groups: (1) ponies, (2) heavy, or draft horses, and (3) light horses.

TR

ẦN

L Which of the following is not an example of an Eastern stallion?

B

A. Byerly Turk

00

B. ðarley Arabian

P2

D. Godolphin Barb

+3

10

c. Thoroughbred

-L

Í-

B. Swiftness

A. Large size

A

CẤ

2. Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the Great Horse of the middle Ages?

TO ÁN

c. Strength

D. "Cold-bloodedness"

A. Such cross-breeding was a safer means of reproduction.

B. Cross-bred horses were preferred by Arabs.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

3. It can be inferred from the passage that cold-blooded and hot-blooded horses were cross-bred for what reason?

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NH ƠN

c. By cross-breeding, horses with desirable mixed characteristics could be produced D. Cross-breeding produced thoroughbred horses.

.Q UY

4. In line 11, "lithe" most nearly means A. graceful. c . massive. ^

HƯ NG

D. bulky.

ĐẠ O

TP

B. clumsy,

5. Which of the following is NOT one of the major divisions of horse breeds?

ẦN

A. Draft horses

TR

B. Ponies

00

B

c. Foals

+3

10

D. Light horses

CẤ

P2

6. According to the passage, which of the following horses is considered to be the finest purebred?

B. Thoroughbred

A

A. Darley Arabian

-L

Í-

c. Godolphin Barb

TO ÁN

D. Byerly Turk

7. To conceive is to

NG

A. become sick.

ƯỠ

B. become pregnant.

BỒ

ID

■■c . die.

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D. be bom.

r

NH ƠN

8. A foal is a A. male horse.

.Q UY

B. female horse,

-I

TP

c. old horse. ĐẠ O

D. baby horse.

HƯ NG

9. The average amount of mares bred which actually conceive is less than what percent? A. 40

ẦN

B. 85

I

TR

c. 50

00

B

D. 75

10

10. A-mare is a

P2

+3

A. male horse.

CẤ

B. baby horse,

-L

Í-

D. old horse.

A

c. female horse. ■'

TO ÁN

Passage 9:

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

Animals that produce large amounts of offspring depend upon the sheer size of the litter for the perpetuation of theừ species. The young mature very quickly and are not educated, as die parents are usually involved with obtaining their own food and with reproduction. Should some of the offspring become endangered, the parent will not interfere, because it is 124

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not expected that all the young survive,>:which is the reason for a large litter.

.Q UY

One animal that produces large litters is the hamster. A female hamster is able to bear young when she is six weeks to two months old. The gestation period is about 16 days.

NH ƠN

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+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

Although an average litter size is from five to ten, hamsters commonly have as few as three or as many as a dozen offspring at a time. Mothers will sometimes eat their own young, particularly when the number of offspring is large. Females may produce litters up to an age of about 15 months at monthly intervals. The blind, hairless young begin to grow fur in two to three days. Theừ eyes open after about two weeks. After ten days they begin eating solid food, though the mother will continue to nurse them for about two more weeks. In captivity, a typical hamster may live for two to three years.

P2

1. The gestation period for hamsters is about

CẤ

A. nine months.

A

B. one month,

-L

D. six weeks.

Í-

c. 16 days. TO ÁN

2. Female hamsters will sometimes eat their young for what reason?

NG

A. Hunger

ƯỠ

B. Because of a large number of offspring.

BỒ

ID

c. Deformed babies.

D. The young mature too quickly. 125

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3. Female hamsters may reproduce as young as A. six weeks old.

.Q UY

B. six months old. c. 15 months old.

TP

D. two weeks old.

ĐẠ O

4. ’’Perpetuation" in line 2 means

HƯ NG

A. extinction. B. annihilation,

ẦN

c . variation.

TR

D. continuation.

B

5. Hamsters can produce offspring until what age?

10

00

A. two years

+3

B. six weeks

P2

c. 15months

CẤ

D. 16 days

A

6. What is the tone of the passage?

Í-

A. Argumentative

-L

B. Informative

TO ÁN

c. Biased D. Farcical A. "Endangered Animal 0 ^ 5 * B. "Reasons for Large Litters”

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

7. What is the BEST title for this passage?

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c . "Parents of Large Litters” D. "Educating Litters"

.Q UY

8. What is a litter? A. The amount of parents an animal has

HƯ NG

D. The amount of siblings an auimai has

ĐẠ O

c. The amount of offspring an animal has

TP

B. The amount of garbage an animal has -

9. Why would an animal parent not be able to care for its litter?

ẦN

A; It is busy reproducing and food gathering.

00 10

D. It is busy playing.

B

c. It interferes with the litter.

TR

B. It is busy educating the litter,

P2

+3

10. Which of the following is NOT a reason for a large litter?

CẤ

A. The young are not expected to live.

A

B. The young are educated.

c . The parents are too busy to protect them.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

D. The young mature quickly. Passage 10:

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

Juan Ponce de Leon was the first Spaniard to touch the shores of the present United States. As Columbus had not remotely realized the extent of his momentous discovery, so de Leon never dreamed that his "island" of Florida was a peninsular extension of the vast North American continent 127

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TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

After coming to the New World /with Columbus in 1493, he had led the occupation of Puerto Rico in 1508 and governed it from 1509 to 1512. In 1509, de Leon started a colony at Caparra, later abandoned in favor of San Juan. He was one of the first adelantados men who "advanced” the Spanish Empire by conquest, subjugation of the Indians, and establishment of a semi-military government.

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

In Puerto Rico he heard a legend about an island called Bỉminỉs, where there was said to be a spring that restored youth to all who bathed in it It is said he was seeking this spring when he discovered Florida.

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

He sailed from Puerto Rico in March 1513. On Easter Sunday he sighted the coast A few days later he landed on Florida's east coast, near what is now St. Augustine. He named the place La Florida after the Spanish term for Easter Sunday—Pascua Florida, or "flowery feast." He then sailed around the peninsula and up the west coast. He returned to Florida ini 521.

A

1. In what year did de Leon discover Florida?

Í-

-L

B. 1513

A. 1508

TO ÁN

c . 1521

D. 1492

A. San Juan B. La Florida

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

2. What was the title of the first colony started by Ponce de Leon in Puerto Rico?

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NH ƠN

G. Caparra D. S t Augustine

.Q UY

3. What was the name of the legendary island where the fabled Fountain of Youth was said to be?

TP

A. Cuba

ĐẠ O

B. Biminis c . Atlantis

HƯ NG

D. Bermuda

4. Which of the following is implied by the passage?

TR

ẦN

A. Ponce de Leon was the true discoverer of the North American continent.

00

B

B. Ponce de Leon rejected the philosophy of the adelantados.

10

c. Ponce de Leon may have discovered Florida "by +3

accident"

CẤ

P2

D. Ponce de Leon's greatest contribution was his discovery of the Fountain ofYouth.

A

5. Pascua Florida is the Spanish term for which holiday?

-L

B. Christmas

Í-

A. Easter Sunday

TO ÁN

c. Thanksgiving D. Palm Sunday

ID

ƯỠ

NG

6. According to the passage, which of the following was NOT a means of advancement of the Spanish Empire in the New World?

BỒ

A. Conquest 129

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B. Subjugation of Indians c. Establishment of semi-military governments

.Q UY

D. Treaties and negotiation

NH ƠN

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7. From the passage, it can be, assumed that a "peninsula’’ is

TP

A. a volcanic island.

ĐẠ O

B. an island completely surrounded by water.

HƯ NG

c. an extension of land surrounded almost completely by water. D. an island inhabited by Indians.

TR

ẦN

8. The tone of the word "advanced" suggests that

B

A. adelantados favor progress.

00

B. progress could not have occurred without subjugation.

+3

10

c. progress is related to conquest and subjugation. CẤ

P2

D. conquest, subjugation, and semi-military government are not progress.

A

9. According to the passage* Ponce de Leon believed the land he discovered was

Í-

A. part of the Bahamas.

-L

B. the new "island" of Florida.

TO ÁN

c. the mainland of the United States.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

D. Puerto Rico.

10. Ponce- de Leon was classified as an adelantado because he A. was a great explorer. B. was the first Spaniard to see the shores of the United States.

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NH ƠN

c. conquered and rvủeàby ĩĩùiitaryĩoicẹ.

.Q UY

D. claimed Florida for the King of Spain. Passagell:

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

Any list of the greatest ứiỉokers in history contains the name of the brilliant physicist Albert Einstein. IBs theories of relativity led to entirely new ways of thinking about time, space, matter, energy, and gravity* EinstemVwork led to such scientific advances as tlie control of atomic energy, even television as a practical application of Einstein’s work.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

In 1902 Einstein became an examiner in the Swiss patent office at Bern. In 1905, at age 26, he published the first of five major research papers. The first one provided a theory explaining Brownian movement, the zig-zag. motion of microscopic particles in suspension. The second paper laid the foundation for ike photon, or quantum, theory of Hght In it he proposed that light ỈS im posed of separate packets of energy, called qnanta or photons, that have some of the properties of particles and some of the properties of waves. A third paper contained the "special theory of relativity” which showed that time and motion are relative to the observer, if the speed of light is constant and the natural laws are the same everywhere in the universe. The fourth paper was a mathematical addition to the special theory of relativity. Here Einstein presented Ms iamous formula, E = in(cc), known as tfre energy mass equivalence. In 1916, Einstein published his general theory of relativity. In it he proposed that gravity is not a force, but a curve in the space-time continuum, created by tỉie presence of mass. Einstein spoke out frequently against nationalism, the exalting of one nation above air others. He opposed war and 131

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HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

violence and supported Zionism, the movement to establish a Jewish homeland in : Palestine. When the Nazis came to power in 1933, they denounced his ideas. He then moved to the United States. In 1939 Einstein learned that two German chemists had split the uranium atom. Einstein wrote to President Franklin D, Roosevelt warning him that this scientific knowledge could-lead to Germany developing an atomic bomb. He suggested the United States begin its own atomic bomb research. 1. Einstein’s primary work was in the area of

ẦN

A. chemistry.

TR

B. biology,

00

B

c . physics.

CẤ

P2

+3

10

D. engineering. 2. Which of the following inventions is mentioned in the passage as a practical application of Einstein’s discoveries?

A

A. Radio

Í-

B. Automobiles c. Computers

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

D. Television* 3. According to the passage, Einstein supported all of the following except A. the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. B. nationalism. c . atomic bomb research, in the United States. D ike defeat of liheNazis, m Đóng góp PDF bởi GV. Nguyễn Thanh Tú

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4. In which country was Einstein bom?

NH ƠN

A. Switzerland B. United States

.Q UY

c . Germany

ĐẠ O

TP

D. Israel 5. What is "Brownian movement"? A. The zig-zag motion of microscopic particles in suspension.

HƯ NG

B. The emission of electrons from solids when struck by light

ẦN

c. The motion of photons in light

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

D. The basis of the theory of relativity. 6. Einstein was a citizen of all of the following countries EXCEPT A. Belgium. B. Germany. c . United States.

A

D. Switzerland

7. It is clear ửom the tone of the passage that the author feels

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A. Einstein's work in physics was somewhat tarnished by his conservative political views. B. Albert Einstein was one of the most brilliant thinkers in history.

ƯỠ

NG

c . Einstein's work in physics, though theoretically impressive, led to few practical applications.

BỒ

ID

D. Einstein's theories have been consistently proven incorrect

I

N‘

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8. According to Einstein's special theory of relativity,

B. light is composed of separate packets of energy,

NH ƠN

A. all properties of matter and energy can be explained in a single mathematical formula.

.Q UY

c. time and motion are relative to the observer.

HƯ NG

A. elevation.

ĐẠ O

9. The word "exalting" most nearly means

TP

D. some solids emit electrons when struck by light.

B. criticism,

ẦN

c. support. TR

D. elimination.

00

B

10. According to Einstein, light is composed of separate packets of energy called

10

A. electrons.

CẤ

c. quanta.

P2

+3

B. photoelectrons,

A

D. gamma rays.

-L

Í-

Passage 12:

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

We believe the Earth is about 4.6 billion years old. At present we are forced to look to other bodies in the solar system for hints as to what the early history of the Earth was like. Studies of our moon, Mercury, Mars, and the -large satellites of Jupiter and Saturn have provided ample evidence that all these large celestial bodies were bombarded by smaller objects in a wide variety of sizes shortly after ữie 134

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

1|; affected Earth as well. The lunar record indicates that the rate y of impacts decreased to its present low level about 4 billion n years ago. On Earth, subsequent erosion and crustal | l motions have obliterated the craters that must have formed §i during this epoch. ■ 3Si. gij; n Scientists estimate the Earth’s age by measuring the ratios ịỊỊ of various radioactive elements in rocks. The oldest Earth ị!!;■; rocks tested thus far are about 3 1/3 billion years old. But no Ig one knows whether these are the oldest rocks-on Earth. Tests \I on rocks from the moon and on meteorites show that these are about 4.6 billion years old. Scientists believe that this is íịp: the true age of the solar system and probably the to e age of '■fe' the Earth.

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

-

00

iffr L In line 8, the word "obliterated” means A. created.

.

J

B. destroyed.

g

c. changed.

ĩ ứ I I

D. eroded.

2. According to this passage, how do scientists estimate the age of the Earth?

A. By measuring the ratios of radioactive elements in rocks

I

B. By examining fossils

c . By studying sunspots

:

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

it

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

D. By examining volcanic activity:

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NH ƠN

3. Scientists estimate the age of the Earth as A. 3 1/3 billion years old.

.Q UY

B. 4 billion years old. c . 4.6 billion years old.

TP

D. 6 billion years old

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

4. Which of the following processes led to the obliteration of the craters formed by the bombardment of the Earth by celestial bodies? v A. volcanic activity

ẦN

B. solar radiation

TR

c. gravity

B

D. crustal motions

P2

+3

10

00

5. According to the passage, why are scientists forced to look at other bodies in the solar system to determine the early history of the Earth?

CẤ

A. human alteration of the Earth

A

B. erosion and crustal motions

c . solar flares

-L

Í-

D. deforestation

TO ÁN

6. What is the BEST ứứe for this passage? A. "Determining the Age of the Earth"

c . "Erosion and Crustal Motion of Earth" D. "Radioactive Elements in Rocks*'

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

B. "Determining the Age of the Solar System"

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.Q UY

A. Mars

NH ƠN

7. Which of the following bodies was NOT studied to give evidence that the Earth was bombarded in its early history?

TP

B. Mercury

ĐẠ O

c. Jupiter D. Earths moon

HƯ NG

8. Bombardment of the Earth at one time by various sized bodies is

ẦN

A. inferred from what happened on other planetary bodies.

TR

B. documented fact.

00

B

c. proven by the lunar record.

10

D. indicated by erosion.

P2

+3

9. The level of impacts of the bombardments of Earth have

CẤ

A. decreased to below normal.

A

B. increased to a cuiTent high,

c. increased after a periodic low. -L

Í-

D. decreased to a current low.

TO ÁN

10. The word "bombardment" means A- an avoidance.

NG

B. an assault

ƯỠ

c. an effect

BỒ

ID

D. a cause.

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Passage 13s

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

Martin Luther King, Jr., is well known for his work in civil rights and for his many famous speeches, among them is his moving "I Have A Dream" speech. But fewer people know much about King's childhood. MX., as he was called, was bom in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, at 5 the home of his maternal grandfather. M.L.'s grandfather, the Reverend A.D. Williams, purchased theừ home on Auburn Avenue ill 1909, twenty years before M.L. was bom. The Reverend Williams, an eloquent speaker, played an important role in the community since so many people’s lives centered around the church. He allowed his church and his home .10 to be used as a meeting place for a number of organizations dedicated to the education and social advancement of blacks. M.L. grew up in this atmosphere, with his home being used as a community gathering place, and was no doubt influenced by it.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

M.L.’s childhood was not especially eventful His father was a ininister and his mother was a musician. He was the second of three children, and he attended all- black schools in a black neighborhood. The neighborhood was not poor, however. Auburn Avenue was the main artery through a prosperous neighborhood that had come to symbolize achievement for Atlanta's black people. It was an area of banks, insurance companies, builders, jewelers, tailors, doctors, lawyers, and other black-owner black-operated businesses and services. Even in the face of Atlanta's segregation, the district thrived. Dr. King never forgot the community spirit he had known as a child, nor did he forget the racial prejudice (25) that was a seemingly insurmountable barrier that kept black Atlantans from mingling with whites.

138

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is iìảs passage tữsàĩủy afooutf

.Q UY

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

B. Martin Luther King’s childhood c . MX.’s grandfather D. the neighborhood King grew up in. 2. The word "eloquent" ổieans most nearly A. powerful B. active ^ c. romantic D. fascinating 3. The word "gathering" could best be replaced by A. picking B. learning c. exciting ð. meeting 4. As used, the word "eventful” is closest in meaning to which of the following? A. valued B. memorable c. admừable D. emotional 5. The word "it" refers to which of the following? : A. achievement B. neighborhood

NH ƠN

r A-. the pie\udke tkat existe&m Maflteu

D. services

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

c . segregation

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NH ƠN

6. According to the author, blacks in King’s neighborhood were involved in all the following businesses and services EXCEPT. i i

.Q UY

A. dentistry B. medicine

TP

law

ĐẠ O

c.

D. banking

HƯ NG

7. The word "tailors” describes people who are associated with which of the following trades?

ẦN

A. flower arranging garment making

B

c.

TR

B. shoe making

10

00

D. bookbinding

+3

8. According to the author, King was influenced by B. black lawyers

A

c. his mother

CẤ

/

P2

A. community spirit.

Í-

D. his speeches

-L

9. The word 'thrived" refers to which of the following?

TO ÁN

A. achieved B. surrendered flourished

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

c.

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NH ƠN

10. As used in line 25, which of the following is closest in meaning to the word "seemingly”? A. apparently inexplicably

TP

c.

.Q UY

B. inevitably

ĐẠ O

D. hastily

HƯ NG

Passagel4:

00

B

TR

ẦN

A few minutes ago, walking back from lunch, I started to cross the street when I heard the sound of a coin dropping. It wasn't much but, as I turned, my eyes caught the heads of several other people turning too. A woman had dropped what appeared to be a dime.

CẤ

P2

+3

10

The tinkling sound of a coin dropping on pavement is an attention-getter. It can be nothing more than a penny. Whatever the coin is, no one ignores the sound of it It got me thinking about sounds again.

-L

Í-

A

We are besieged by so many sounds that attract the most attention. People in New York City seldom turn to look when a fire engine, a police car or an ambulance comes screaming along the street.

TO ÁN

When I'm in New York, I’m a New Yorker. I don't turn either. Like the natives, I hardly hear a siren there.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

Ạt home in my little town in .Connecticut, it's different The distant wail of a police car, an emergency vehicle or a fire sừen brings me to my feet if I'm seated and brings me to the window if I'm in bed.

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TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

It’s the quietest sounds that have mosteí£ectõố;ớ%^ loudest. In the middle of the night, I can hear a drippiB£^% hundred yards away through three closed doors. I've been hearing little creaking noises and sounds which my imagination turns into footsteps in the middle of the night for twenty-five years in our house. How come I never hear those sounds in the daytime?

ĐẠ O

I’m quite clear in my mind what the good sounds are and what the bad sounds are.

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

I’ve turned against whistling, for instance. I used to think of it as the. mark of a happy worker but lately I’ve been associating the whistler with a nervous person making compulsive noises.

+3

10

00

B

The tapping, tapping, tapping of my typewriter as the keys hit the paper is a lovely sound to me. I often like the sound of what I write better than the looks of it.

CẤ

P2

1. The sound of a coin dropping makes people ...

A

A. think of money. pay attention to it

Í-

c.

B. look at each other.

-L

D. stop crossing the street.

TO ÁN

2. People in New Yoĩk... B. are used to skens.

c.

are attracted by sounds.

D. don't hear loud noises.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

A. don’t care about emergencies.

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NH ƠN

k.

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B . has \ived va Connecticut ỈQĨ a long time

TP

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

D. is interested in fire engines. . How does tìie author relate to sounds at night? A. He imagines sounds that do not exist, B. He exaggerates quiet sounds. *** c . He thinks taps should be turned off.

.Q UY

c . believes in ghosts.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

D. He believes it's rather quiet at night , He dislikes whistling because... A. he is tired of it. B. he used to be happier. G. it reminds him of tense people. D. he doesn’t like workers. . What kind of sound does he find pleasant? A. Tinkling sound of a coin dropping. B. Clinking sound of keys, c. Tapping of his typewriter. p . Creaking sounds. . How does the writer feel about sounds in general? A. They make him feel at home. B, He thinks they should be ignored. c . He believes they are part of OUTlives. D. He prefers silence to loud noises.

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NH ƠN

Passage 15:

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

The Timber rattlesnake, once widespread throughout the eastern United States, is now on die endangered species list and is extinct in two eastern states in which it once thrived. Compared to its western cousins, tile Timber rattlesnake may be especially vulnerable because of certain behaviors adapted for coping with the cold climate in which it lives.

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

Rattlesnakes are generally found in warm climates because, like all reptiles, they cannot generate or regulate thdr own body temperature internally and must rely on die sun’s warmth for heat. But Timber rattlesnakes migrated into colder northern areas about 8,000 years ago when glaciers retreated. In these northern regions, the snakes developed a number of adaptive strategies to survive, but ultimately these behaviors make them more vulnerable to human predation, theừ 15 main threats.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

One survival strategy the snakes have developed is hibernation. For approximately eight months of the year, the rattlers remain motionless in deep ôost-ữee crevices, with their body temDerature dropping as low as 40 degrees. In the spring when they emerge, they must warm their chilled bodies by sunning for three or four days on rocks in the open. This behavior, coupled with the fact that Timber rattlesnakes tend to concentfSte in large numbers at their wintering sites, makes them easy prey. Gestatmg females are particularly vulnerable because they spend much of their time basking in the sun in order to produce live young from eggs. In addition, females have very long inter-birtk intervals, producing live young only every three to five years. If a ữost or coỉd spell comes late in the year, the entire litter of six to twelve young may die.

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.Q UY

Efforts are underway to protect the Timber rattlesnake and its habitat from further human depredation, but in many states it is already too late.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

' 1. What is the main topic of the passage? A. The difference between fastballs and curveballs B. America’s favorite pastime c. Illusions about the movements of pitched balls. D. Perceptional problems among baseball players. 2. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word ‘^vulnerable”? A. maintain B. operate c. propose D. suppose

CẤ

3. Which of the following is true about Timber rattlesnakes?

A

Á. activity

-L

Í-

c. remedy

B. excitement

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

D. issue 4. The word “crevices” could be replaced by which of the following? A. challenging B. exhausting

BỒ

ID

c. Eexciting

D. Frustrating

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5. Which of the following could best replace the word “emerge” in line 20? A. falls speeds

TP

c.

.Q UY

B. rolls

NH ƠN

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ĐẠ O

D. bounces

HƯ NG

6. In which of the following places might a person be most likely to find Timber rattlesnakes in the spring? A. Drops Emerges

TR

c.

ẦN

B. Withdraws

00

B

D. Tips

+3

10

7. Which of the following could best replace the phrase "coupled with” in line 22?

P2

A. Because the ball approaches too quickly.

CẤ

B. Because the ball veers just before reaching home plate.

A

c. Because the batter misjudges the pitcher’s intention.

-L

Í-

D. Because the batter misjudges the speed and angle of the ball.

TO ÁN

8. The phrase “easy prey” in line 24 could best be replaced by which of the following? B. The engineers and psychologists, c. The research studies. D. The optical illusions.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

A. The “rising fastball” and the “breaking curveball”.

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9. Which of the following words can best replace the word “basking” in line 25? A. to glance rapidly

.Q UY

B, to blink rapidly

NH ƠN

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TP

c. to look steadily

ĐẠ O

D. to peek briefly

1

ẦN

A. By the pitcher’s delivery.

HƯ NG

10. According to the passage, which of the following does NOT contribute to the rattlesnake being an endangered animal?

TR

B. By the batter’s failing to track the ball accurately.

B

G. By the speed and angle of the bail.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

D. By the studies of engineers and psychologists.

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NH ƠN

Fart E TP

.Q UY

Answer the questions ĐẠ O

Passage!:

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

Poachers have struck again at the Mountain Gorilla, one of the world’s rarest animals. The gorillas-fewer than 250 live in scattered family groups throughout the forest on the slopes of three extinct volcanoes. Each group is normally led by a dominant male who may weigh up to 130 kilos and is easily recognized by the stripe of silver fur which appears when he is folly mature. The poachers speared the male to death as he tried to defend his family and then made off with, a baby gorilla whose mother is missing and also presumed dead.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

With so few gorillas left, even one death is a serious blow, especially when a “silverback” male is lost. With no dominant male to lead them, the rest of the group will probably split up and join other groups. Twenty-five years ago there were perhaps 500 gorillas in these high mountain forests. Today thdr numbers have been halved, not just by poaching but 15ỹ human interference in all its forms, legal wood cutting, cattle-grazing and farming have, reduced the park to a small strip.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

The Government is now trying to protect the gorillas to ensure their survival. One of die most successful operations has been to habituate a group of wild gorillas to the presence of tourist, who are prepared to pay handsomely and to endure considerable hardship, crawling through dense undergrowth for a glimpse of these, our closest living relatives. 148

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1. In v to t way does ứỉè gorillias’ organization into family groups make them vulnerable?

TP

.Q UY

2. The gorilla is not only under threat from poachers but from the human inhabitants generally. Why is this?

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

3. Why is the male Mountain Gorilla at special risk?

ẦN

4. Why was the Government forced to intervene?

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TR

5. What advantage is there to the Government in keeping the gorillas in theừ natural environment?

P2

Passage 2:

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

Half the brain a child will have as an adult has already developed the time he is four years old. It is now recognized that children who have been encouraged and stimulated into mental activity during the early years will become more and more intelligent adults.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

Language, tile way we express ourselves, is a vital part of learning. A baby learns his native tongue naturally by hearing speech around him. If tile speech he hears is rapid, not clear and never directed at him then he learns slowly and speaks badly. A child of two or three years old who can’t make his desừes known or put his thoughts into words will usually become angry. His relationships with others will get worse. If the speech a baby hears around him is clear, and his family 149

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NH ƠN

talk to him, he will gain a satisfactory command of language directly, by his mother, his language ability will be greater.

ĐẠ O

1. How is language defined by title writer?

TP

.Q UY

By the time he is two, it is quite possible for him to have a vocabulary of two thousand words and by the time he is three, he will be able to read. Once ahead he will stay ahead.

HƯ NG

2. How does the baby learn his mother.tongue?

00

B

TR

ẦN

3. How does a child usually react when he can’t express himself?

P2

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10

4. What is the role of the mother in the education of her child?

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

5. What are the ideas expressed by the writer on how a child should be taught his native language?

TO ÁN

Passage 3:

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

Most banks in the u.s, open at 9:00 or 10:00 and close between 3:00 and 5:00, but stay open later on Friday. Some banks have longer hours in order to attract customers. These are ads like those you would find in the yellow pages under banks. 150

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TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

It may be more convenient to carry travelers’ checks, which are insured against loss. They should be in dollars, because only a few banks do much business in foreign currencies. If your checks aren’t in dollars, it may take you a long time to find a bank that will exchange them. You can use travelers’ checks almost anywhere-in restaurants, stores or tickets offices-without having to go to a bank. If you run out of them, you can buy more at most banks. Their service charge will vary, though, so ask what it is before you buy your checks.

B

■ỊỊI |i in ỆI ị I? j| In ỉI Ệỳ Ệi

.Q UY

NH ƠN

§§: What’s the best way to carry money safely while you’re litraveiling? There are three possibilities-personal checks ửom ậlyơúr country, ừavelers check and credit cards. Some l l American banks accept foreign checks such as Euro cheques; l i ' the problem is that only those banks that are used to dealing I I I with foreign will know what Euro cheques are.

A

CẤ

P2

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10

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.fl Americans would say ứie best way to carry money is to :ỆS; have a major credit like Visa, Master Card or American ị I Express. Credit cards can be cancelled if they are lost or m stolen. And because they are widely accepted in the U.S., it is jl; easy to use them to pay for lodging, transportation, meals and Iff things you want to buy from large stores.

Í-

t j§ Of course you can’t get along without cash, but you don’t ị I need to carry much with you. When Hrt mnst himVs nnftn

ftrtii

rinse in the u .s ?

NG

1

TO ÁN

-L

II

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

II n 2. On what days do they stay open later?

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NH ƠN

3. How do some banks attract customers?

ĐẠ O

5. What types of checks are insured against loss?

TP

.Q UY

4. What are the three possibilities of carrying money safely while you’re travelling?

HƯ NG

6. What kind of checks can you buy at most banks?

Ự Ẩ -'

TR

ẦN

7. What are Visa, Master Card and American Express? ip-

10

00

B

8. What cards can be cancelled if they are lost and stolen?

■it

CẤ

P2

+3

9. What is the advice for travelers to cany cash?

-L

Í-

A

10. What are the uses of checks and cards?

TO ÁN

Passage 4:

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

You will find restaurants for every situation in the U.S. If you’re in a hurry, you may just want to grab some “junk food” at a grocery store or a candy counter, or you can get a bit to eat at one of die many fast food chains, like McDonald’s, Burger King, Kentucky Fried Chicken, or Taco Time. Or you can get a hero or submarine sandwich “to stay” or ‘‘to go” from a sandwich shop or deli. Some of these places 152

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P2

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ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

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.Q UY

- have tables, but many don’t People eat ìn theừ cars or take theừ food home, to their offices or to parks. If you prefer sitting down but still don’t want to spend much, you can tty a cafeteria. At all of these places, you pay at a cash register before you sit down, and you don’t have to tip anybody-but you usually have to clear the table when you finish! Coffee shops are usually less expensive and less dressy than fine restaurants. So are pizza places, pancake houses, sandwich shops and family restaurants. But the name of a restaurant won’t necessarily tell you much about the kind of place it is or the food it serves. Like most fast food restaurants and cafeterias, many restaurants don’t serve alcoholic beverages. This is often because they want people to feel comfortable bringing theừ children. Minors can eat at restaurants that serve beer and wine, but they are not allowed to enter pubs, taverns, cocktail loungers or bars. You may be asked to show some ID that proves your age before you go into a bar.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

A

CẤ

1. How can you eat if you’re in a hurry?

Í-

2. What is special about fast-food chains?

TO ÁN

-L

3. What can you try if you prefer to sit at a table for eating?

NG

4. Where do you pay before you sit down in these places?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

5. What do you have to do when eating in these places?

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NH ƠN

6. What places are less expensive to eat i

.Q UY

7. Do restaurants serve alcoholic beverag

TP

8. What does “minors” mean?

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

9. What can show your age?

TR

ẦN

10. When are you asked to prove your age?

00

B

Passage 5:

CẤ

P2

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10

Getting sick away from home is a very frightening thought, but it’s something you can sometimes be prepared for. Unless you are planning to move to the United States, check with your country’s own health services or your health insurance agency before you leave home.

-L

Í-

A

Ask them what kind of treatment and what drugs they will pay for, what kind of receipts, bills or information they will want from the American doctor or hospital that treats you and find out the deadline for sending these things in.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

People who take medication regularly should bring enough with them for their entire stay. Pharmacists in one town will not fill prescriptions from other towns, nor those from other countries. If you run out of medicine while you’re in the U.S., you’ll have to be examined by a doctor and get a new prescription. 154

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NH ƠN

I I

1.

What should you be prepared for when you are away from home? ............ .

+3

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!■:

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

1

CẤ

P2

Ệỹ 2. What should you do before you leave home? -■ '' ' '■rafe

*

Í-

A

3. Is there a deadline for sending medical treatment receipts or bills lo healthy insurance agency? ' ■■ ; ■ • ; '■ ......... .......................................................... ....................................... ■ . . .............. 4. In the Ư.S, are pharmacist allowed to fill a prescription

-L

III ':llv |||:|Ệ :

-

f r o m o t h e r to w n s o r c o u n t r i e s ?

TO ÁN

ệ ||;

■'Ilặx-

...., .

-

■.

"

' ‘

in the u .s, what will you

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

II 5, If you run out of medicine have to do?

.

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TP

.Q UY

7, What medication is available without a prescription?

NH ƠN

6. What is the meaning of the symbol Rx? (a symbol for medical prescription)

ĐẠ O

8. What can you use to call a doctor?

HƯ NG

9. Where can you find the emergency number?

B

TR

ẦN

10. Is it cheap or expensive to go a hospital in the u.s?

10

00

Passage 6:

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

Students all over the world have to work for their education. A college education in the United States is expensive. The costs are so high that most families begin to save for their children’s education when thdr children are babies. Even so, many young people can’t afford to pay the expenses of full-time college work. They do not have enough money to pay for school costs. Tuition for attending the university, boồk for classes, and dormitory costs are high. There are other expenses such as chemistry and biology laboratory fees and special student activity fees for such things as parking permits and football tickets. The cost of a college education increases every year. However, campuses are still crowded with students students. Some American students depend on family support to pay for college. Perhaps some of the students have scholarships or money grants, but many do not. How do the rest of the students manage?

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.Q UY

There are two obvious answers to the money difficulties ! of college students. They can borrow money, or they can find jobs and earn it. In either case, thousands of students everywhere find answers to theừ financial problems.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

ĐẠ O

TP

Where do students work? Many of them work in shops, movie houses, and restaurants. They gave part-time jobs in the evenings or on weekends.

P2

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10

00

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TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

The second obvious solution to the college students’ money problem is borrowing. Money for education is available from special fimds. The government is the largest moneylender, but businesses and churches also provide money for student loans. When students finish theừ education, they are ỉikelys to get good jobs. Former students pay back the money that they owe to the special funds. Because they pay interest, they increase the amount of money available for other students to borrow. Each year there should be a little more for others.

A

CẤ

1. Why must families in the United States save money for education?

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

2. When do they begin to save for their children’s education?

NG

3. Give the examples of high school costs?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

4. Give the examples of two special student activity fees?

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i 5. What are the two obvious answers to a college student’s l■li money problems?

...... .......... Ilf

m

TP

.Q UY

6. Where do students find jobs?

ĐẠ O

7. Where is money for education from?

i SỈỈ& fv"'

'ếW ề

all •ẪHr-

HƯ NG

8. Which organizations can students borrow money from?

■m 1' .11;

TR

ẦN

9. Who does “they” in line 28 refer to?

+3

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10. Find out the noun of the verb “to solve” in the passage?

■ffi Ị|ị|;

It 1V^Y-1 ỈI ■

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

Passage 7: Spring is a busy season for birds. Migrating birds come back, and swallows begin to build under our roofs. Others which never leave ns, such as the sparrow or the robin redbreast, are also very busy. They hop about on the ground to find building materials: twigs, feathers, bits of stuff, anything to make theừ nest warm and comfortable. In our gardens, the yellow-billed blackbird and its brother, the brown thrush, sing merrily all day long, while the nightingale is only heard at night. In the open fields, the ploughman hears the lark sing : above his head as it soars up into tile sky, a more pleasant; companion than the black crows and rooks

1

158

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TR

ẦN

2. What do they do in spring?

HƯ NG

1. Why do migrating birds go in Winter?

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

At last, the nests are ready; fattier and mother bird begin to brood. But they have enemies: cuckoos, and boys who go bird’s nesting and plunder the nésts. When the eggs are hatched, what a job to feed all the hungry brood and fill ail the wide-open bills! Then the young ones will grow and try theừ wings and one day they will fly away forever, for such is life...

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

10

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B

3. Do birds build with bricks and stones?

CẤ

P2

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4. With what does a swallow build its nest?

A

5. What birds are black?

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

6. What is a nightingale? Ạ swallow? A robin?

NG

7. Why is a cuckoo not loved by other birds?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

8. Where do bừcis lay theừ eggs?

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NH ƠN

9. What do they do after the eggs are laid?

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

10. Do larks sing in trees?

Passage 8:

HƯ NG

Dolphins are mammals, not fish. They are warm blooded like man, and give birth to one baby, called a calf, at a time.

TR

ẦN

At birth, a bottlenose dolphin calf is about 90-130 cms long and will grow to approximately 4 metres, living up to 40 years.

10

00

B

They are highly sociable animals, living ia groups, called pods, which are fairly fluid, with dolphins from other pods interacting with each other from lime to time.

CẤ

P2

+3

Dolphins carry their young inside their womb for about 12 months. The baby is bom tail first, and its mother will feed the calf for up to 2 years.

-L

Í-

A

However, the calf will stay with its mother for between 3-6 years, during which time it will learn all about feeding techniques, social interaction and group hunting.

TO ÁN

With the help of several beautiful bottlenose dolphins we can see how well the dolphin body is adapted for thek life in the ocean.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

Dolphins use theừ powerful tail flukes in an up and down motion to move through the water. They also use their tails when hunting, a fleeing fish up mto the air with their vm\ fe v XSỘvíneaÀX faftsW k k tóíộòsi viL'toe.

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wild way may be a sign of annoyance, or a warning to other ị dolphins of danger.

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

Dolphins breathe through their blowhole located at the top of theừ head, A dolphin may empty and refill its lungs in less than a fifth of a second. As the dolphin breathes, the air leaves the blowhole at speeds of over 1OOmph. Complex nerve endings around the blowhole sense pressure changes so the dolphin knows exactly when the blowhole is in or nearing the aừ and can be opened Water in a dolphin's blowhole will actually drown it so powerful muscles close the blowhole as it dives under the water again.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

P2

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TR

ẦN

The dolphin's eyes produce a special slippery secretion which protects the eyes from foreign objects and water friction. To sleep, a dolphin must shut down only half of its brain, as its breathing is under voluntary control. Dolphins take short cat-naps, floating just below the surface, then slowly rising to breathe. Often dolphins are very active during night time, for some this is their main feeding time.

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

The dolphin's skin is completely smooth allowing the dolphin to move easily through the water, and also reduce heat loss. Their skin may bear rake marks from other dolphins’ teeth during pỉay or mating, and can easily become badly sun burnt if they strand. Theừ bodies are very streamlined so they may swim at high speeds through the water, and an example of this is their ears. Dolphin's ears are barely noticeable marked only by a small hole just behind the eye. In a bottlenose dolphin the ear is about 5-6 cms behind the eye and only 2-3 mm in diameter.

BỒ

ID

|1 . What are dolphins?

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NH ƠN

2. What is a baby dolphin called?

.Q UY

3. Are dolphins friendly with other dolphins?

ĐẠ O

TP

4. What is a group of dolphins called?

HƯ NG

5. What kind of blood does a dolphin have?

TR

ẦN

6. How long does a dolphin calf stay with its mother?

00

B

7. How long can a dolphin live?

P2

+3

10

8. How long does it take for a dolphin to have a baby?

A

CẤ

9. When a dolphin calf is bom, what emerges first?

-L

Í-

10. Do dolphins lay eggs?

TO ÁN

11. How do the dolphin body adapt for theừ life in the ocean?

13. Why can the dolphin swim with the high speed through the water?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

12. When is the main feeding time of the dolphin?

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

Passage 9: Personal c o m p u te r s , o r PCs, a r e a n im p o r t a n t p a r t of OUT everyday lives. Many people cannot imagine life without them. One of the most important people in making these machines work is Bill Gates.

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

Bill Gates was bom in 1955 in Washington State. He grew in a rich family. His parents sent him to a private school There he met his business partner, Paul Allen. When they were in the eight grade, they were writing program for business computers and maiding money.

CẤ

P2

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TR

ẦN

In 1973, Gates was accepted at Harvard University. His parents were happy. They thought he would get over his obsession with computers and become a lawyer like his father. Two years later, Gates dropped out of Harvard to work on a computer with his friend Allen. They worked eighteen hours a day in a dormitory room at Harvard. They were writing the program that would run one of the first personal computers. In 1975, they created a company called Microsoft to sell theừ product.

1: When was Bill Gates bom?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

Allen became ill with cancer and left Microsoft in 1983. He recovered a few years later and started his own company. Meanwhile, Microsoft became a giant company. By 1990, at the age of thirty four, Gates was the youngest billionaừe in the history of United States. He was the “King of Software”. He achieved his success with a lot of hard work. For more than ten years, he worked sixteen-houra day, seven days a week. He had a dream and the will to succeed. By 1997, he was the richest man in the United States.

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2. When did he write programs for business computers?

TP

.Q UY

3. When was he admitted to Harvard University?

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

4. What did his parents think he would get over? What did they want him become?

00

B

TR

6. How did he achieve his success?

ẦN

5. When did Microsoft come into existence?

P2

+3

10

7. What are some ways of getting rich in your country?

A

CẤ

8. In your country, which is more highly regarded, inherited wealth or wealth gained from business? Why?

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

9. The world has become very dependent on computers. Do you think this is a good thing? Why or why not?

NG

Passage 10:

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

People in the United States produce a lot of garbage. Every year, Americans produce 308 billion pounds of garbage (about 140 billion kilos)! The garbage comes from

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ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

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ĐẠ O

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.Q UY

food boxes, drink bottles, newspapers, and many other tilings people use every day. Garbage also comes from factories and business. When people throw garbage away, trucks usually take the garbage to a landfill. Landfills are places to put garbage. In 1989, there were 9,300 landfills in title United States. But by 1999, more than half of these landfills will be full. Many landfills will close because there will be no more room for garbage. Garbage is a serious problem in the United States. But some people in the United States don’t think about the garbage problem. They use tilings once and then throw the things away. Some people read newspapers, and then they throw the papers away, other people drink soda or beer from cans and bottles, and they throw the cans and bottles away. But half of the garbage in the United States can be recycled and used again. Newspapers can be recycled and used again. Glass bottles, cans, and plastic bottles can be recycled too. Many cities now have recycling centers. People save newspapers, glass, cans, and plastic at home. Then about once a month, they bring these to a recycling center. They are putting glass, newspapers, and cans into different bins. This garbage will not go to a landfill. The garbage will be recycled to make new bottles, newspaper and cans. Some cities have recycling programs. Once a week, people put their newspapers, glass, and cans into boxes or bags outside of their houses or apartments. Then workers take the garbage to recycling centers.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

BỒ

ID

In 1991, almost half of the families in die United States recycled some of their garbage. Maybe by the year 2000, alỉ Americans will recycle theừ garbage.

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1. How much garbage do Americans produce every year?

.Q UY

2. Where does garbage come from?

ĐẠ O

TP

3. Where do tracks take garbage to?

HƯ NG

4. Why will many landfills close?

TR

ẦN

5. Why don’t some people in the us think about the garbage problem?

+3

10

00

B

6. How much garbage can be recycled and used again in the US?

CẤ

P2

7. Write something about recycling centers and programs?

Í-

A

8. What is the usefulness of recycling tilings?

us

TO ÁN

-L

9. How often do workers collect the garbage in some cities? When will all Americans be likely to recycle theừ garbage?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

10.

166

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TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

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BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

Passage 1: A: A gesture is an action that sends a message from one person to another without using wfrrds. We use gestures to communicate with others. There are some gestures that have completely different meaning depending on when and where they are used. B: When an American wants to show that something is Ok or good, he raises his hand and makes a cừcle with his thumb and forefinger. The cừcle sign has only one meaning for him. He might be surprised to learn that in other countries it can mean something very different. C: In Japan, for instance, it is the gesture for money. In France it means “zero” or “worthless”. Such differences can lead to all kinds of misunderstanding when foreigners meet But why is that the same gestures has so many different meaning? D: When some people want to show something between the tips of theừ thumb and forefinger. In this way they make a cừcỉẹ with theừ fingers. Many people from all over the world do this when they want to make a specific point as they are speaking. People later started using this signal to mean “exactly right” or “perfect”. This was how die famous OK sign was bom.

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ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

In Japan, money means coins, and coins are’ round Therefore, making a round hand sign came to represent money. It is simple as that. The French sign for “nothing” or “worthless” also has a simple origin. This time the circle doesn’t represent a coin, but a nought. Nought equals zero, zero equals nothing, nothing equals worthless.

HƯ NG

L Answer the questions

ẦN

1. What does an American do when he or she wants to show that something is OK or good?

00

B

TR

2. What do you understand by the word “gesture”?

P2

+3

10

3. What does the circle sign mean in Japan?

A

CẤ

4. Does the drcle sign have the same meaning in Japan and France?

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

5. Why can gestures be misunderstood?

ƯỠ

NG

6. What sign can be used when some people want to make an exact point?

BỒ

ID

7. What does the circle sign represent in France?

168 5& ■’ i®.

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n . Do the statements below agree with the information In the passage? If the statement agrees with the information in the passage.

No

If the statement contradicts the information ỉn the passage.

Not Given

If there is no information about the statement in the passage.

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

Yes

NH ƠN

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HƯ NG

1. People use gestures to send a message instead of using words.

ẦN

2. The circle sign means worthless in America.

TR

3. The circle sign means money in Japan.

00

B

4. Many people from ail over the world like to use gesture.

P2

+3

10

5. The circle sign in French means “nothing” or “worthless” because this time circle represents nought.

CẤ

in. Choose the appropriate letter A-D. HÓ

A

1. According to the writer, a gesture

Í-

A. is a circle sign.

-L

B. has a simple origin.

TO ÁN

c. conveys a message without using words. D. has one meaning.

NG

2. According to the writer,

ƯỠ

A. The same gestures have the different meaning.

BỒ

ID

B. The rircle sign means “perfect” in French.

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People use gestures to show theừ feeling.

NH ƠN

D. The meanings of gestures are not decided by when and where they are used.

.Q UY

3. We use gestures to A. show what we think. communicate with others.

ĐẠ O

c.

TP

B. attract the notice.

:

HƯ NG

D. avoid misunderstandings.

4. According to the writer, the circle sign

ẦN

A. has the simple origin. is a symbol

B

c.

TR

B. represents a coin,

+3

10

00

D. is understood in different ways in different countries.

CẤ

P2

Passage 2

Nobody actually wants to cause offence but, as business becomes ever more international, it is increasingly easy to get wrong. Good behaviors vary from culture to culture. In many European countries handshaking is an automatic gesture. In France, good manners reqrnre that on arriving at a business meeting a manager shakes hands with everyone present This can be demanding task and, in a crowded room; may require gymnastic ability if the farthest hand is to be reached.

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

A:

BỒ

ID

!

II'I . 4

170

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Handshaking is almost as popular iir other countries, including Germany, Belgium and Italy. But Northern Europeans are not quite so fond of physical demonstrations of friendliness.

C:

In European the most common challenge is not the content of the food, but the way you behave as you eat. In France, it is not good manners to raise tricky questions of business over the main course of the meal. Business has its place; after th^ cheese course. During the meal you should talk about something other than the business deal which you are chewing over in your head.

D:

These cultural challenges do exist when you do business with foreign partners. But tile more you know of the culture of the country you are dealing with, the less likely you are to get into difficulties. It is worth the effort. Good maimers are adnnred: they can also make or break the deal.

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

B:

A

L Answer the following questions:

Í-

1. Why is it increasingly easy to cause offence?

TO ÁN

-L

2. What is a manager expected to do on arriving at a business meeting in France?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

3. When is it good tơ start to talk about business in France?

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NH ƠN

4. WHat should you do to avoid difficulties .when dealing with a foreign partner?

TP

.Q UY

5. What does the word This refer to?

ĐẠ O

EL Do the statements below agree with the information in the passage? If the statement agrees with the information in the passage.

No

If the statement contradicts the information in the passage.

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

Ỵes

00

10

+3

P2

CẤ

Í-

-L

TO ÁN

5. 6.

A

1. 2. 3. 4.

If there is no information about the statement in the passage, In business, it is difficult to cause offence. Handshaking is a good maimer in business. Handshaking is popular in every European country. Never ask any questions about business when eating in European. You can get much benefit ửom foreign partners. Knowing thổtailture of country is valuable for you in doing business.

B

Not Given

NG

HI. Choose the appropriate letter A-D.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

\ . kecoxỏm&to l3aevmtet, k . SIS more mteroatoask ^

‘SSS,

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NH ƠN

c . variable from culture to culture. D. are shaking with everyone.

.Q UY

2. When you do business with European, you should Á. be careful of your behavior in eating talk about business during the meal.

ĐẠ O

c.

TP

B. prepare a big meal,

HƯ NG

D. wear casual clothes. 3. Handshaking is so fond of in

ẦN

A. Belgium

TR

B. Germany

B

c . Germany, Belgium and Italy

10

00

D. Northern European.

P2

+3

4. To avoid causing offence in doing business with foreign partners

CẤ

A. you should study their culture.

c.

A

B. don’t ask the private questions, invite them to dinner.

-L

Í-

ð. always smile.

TO ÁN

5. According to writer, good manners A. are not important

ƯỠ

NG

B. are essential factors to decide the success or the failure inbusiness.

ID

"%Ị c. are your knowledge about culture.

BỒ

ỊỊấEtéasy to get wrong.

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NH ƠN

Passage 3 It is myth that creative people are bom with theừ talents: gifts from God or nature. Creative genius is, in fact, latent within many of us, without our realizing. But how far do we need to travel to find the path to creativity? For many people, a long way. In our everyday lives, we have to perform many acts out of habits to survive, like opening the door, shaving, getting dressed, walking to work, and SỌ OIL If this were not the case, we would, in all probability, become mentally unhinged. So strongly ingrained are our habits, though this varies from person to person, that, sometimes, when a conscious effort is made to be creative, automatic response takes over. We may fry, for example, to walk to work following a different route, but end up on our usual path. By then it is too late to go back and change our minds. Another day, perhaps. The same applies to alỉ other areas of our lives. When we are solving problems, for example, we may seek different answers, but, often as not, find ourselves walking alone the same well-trodden paths. So, for many people, their actions and behavior are set in immovable blocks, theừ minds clogged with the cholesterol of habitual actions, preventing them from operating freely, aiid thereby stifling creation* Unfortunately, mankind’s very struggle for survival has become a tyranny-the obsessive desire to give order to the world is a case in point Witness people’s attitude to time, social customs and panoply of rules and regulations by which the human mind is now circumscribed.

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

Ai

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

B:

174

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The groundwork for keeping creative ability in check begin at school. School, later university and then work teach us to regulate our lives, imposing a continuous process of restrictions, which is increasing exponentially with the advancement of technology. Is it surprising then that creative ability appears to be so rare? It is trapped in the prison that we have erected. Yet, even here in this hostile environment, the foundations for creativity are being laid; because setting off ỌITthe creẩSve path is also partly about using rules and regulations. Such limitations are needed so that once they are leamt, they can be broken.

D:

The truly creative mind IS often seen as totally free unfettered. But a better image is of amind, which can be free when it wants, and one that recognizes that rules and regulation are parameters, or barrier, to be raised and dropped again at will. An example of how tile human mind can be trained to be creative might help here. People’s minds are just like tense muscles that need to be freed up and die potential unlocked. One strategy is to erect artificial bamers or hurdles in solving a problem. As a form of stimulation, the participants in the task can be forbidden to use particular solutions or to follow certain lines of thought to solve a problem. In this way? they are obliged to explore unfamiliar territory which may lead to some startling discoveries. Unfortunately, the difficulty in this exercise, and with creation itself, is convincing people that creation is possible, shròudèd as it is in so much myth and legend. There is also an element of fear involved, however subliminal, as

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

C:

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

deviating ữom the safety of one’s own thought patterns is very much akin to madness. But, open Pandora’s box, and a whole new world unfolds before your very eyes. E

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

Lifting barriers into place, also plays a major part in helping the mind to conừol ideas rather than letting them collide at random. Parameters act as containers for ideas and thus help the mind to fix on them. When the mind is thinking laterally, and two ideas from different areas of the brain come or are brought together, they form a new idea, just like atoms floating around and then forming a molecule. Once the idea has been formed, it needs to be contained or it will fly away, so fleeting is its passage. The mind needs to hold it in place for a time so that it can recognise it or call on it again. And then the parameters can act as channels along which the ideas can flow, developing and expanding. When the mind has brought the idea to fruition by thinking it through to its final conclusion, the parameters can be brought down and the idea allowed floating off and coming in contact with other ideas.

L Answer tke following questions:

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

1. What will happen if we don’tperform many acts out of habits to survive, like opening; the door, shaving, getting dressed?

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NH ƠN

2. Do we often solve a problem as the way we did?

TP

HƯ NG

5. How is a truly creative mind?

ĐẠ O

4. Why isn’t creativity revealed in such a hostile environment?

.Q UY

3. Why are people’s creations stifled?

00

B

TR

ẦN

6. What is the aim of strategy to erect artificial barriers or hurdles ỉn solving a problem?

P2

+3

10

7. How is a new idea formed?

A

CẤ

8. What is the role of parameters in forming a new idea?

-L

Í-

n . Which paragraph focuses on the information below?

TO ÁN

1. The way parameters in the mind help people to creative. 2. The need to leam rules in order to break them.

NG

3. How habits restrict us and limit creativity.

ƯỠ

4. How to train the mind to be creative.

BỒ

ID

5. How the mind is trapped by the desire for order.

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

III. Do the statements below agree with the information in the passage? Yes If the statement agrees with the information in the passage. If the statement corrtradicts the information in the passage.

Not Given

If there is no information about the statement in the passage.

ĐẠ O

TP

No

HƯ NG

1. Rules and regulations are examples of parameters.

ẦN

z The truly creative mind is associated with ihe Heed for free speech and a totally free society.

B

TR

3. One problem with creativity is tfaai people think it is impossible.

00

4. The act of creation is linked to madness.

CẤ

P2

+3

10

5. Parameters help the mind by holding ideas and helping them to develop.

A

IV. Choose the appropriate letters À-ð 1. According to the writer, creative people

-L

Í-

A. are usually bom with their talents.

TO ÁN

B. are bom with theừ talents.

c. are not bom with theừ talents.

NG

D. are geniuses.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

2. According to the writer, creativity is A. a gift ữom God or nature. B. an automatic response.

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D. a well-trodden path. 3. According to tihie writer,

.Q UY

A. the human race’s fight to live is becoming a tyranny.

NH ƠN

c. difficult for many people to achieve.

TP

B. the human brain is bl<x;ked with cholesterol.

ĐẠ O

c . the human race is now circumscribed by talents.

D. the human race’s fight to survive stifles, creative ability.

HƯ NG

4. Advancing technology A. holds creativity in check;

ẦN

B. improves creativity,

TR

c. enhances creativity

00

B

D. is a tyranny.

+3

10

5. According to the author, creativity

P2

A. is common.

CẤ

B. is increasing common.

A

c . is becoming rarer and rarer.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

D. is a rare commodity.

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NH ƠN

Passage 4:

.Q UY

Food and health

The food we eat seems to have to profound affects on our health. Although science has made enormous steps in making food more fit to eat, it has, at the same time, made many foods unit to eat Some research has shown the perhaps 80% of aU human illnesses are related to diet and 40% of cancer is related to the diet as well, especially cancer of the colon. People of different cultures are more prone to contract certain illnesses because of the characteristic foods they consume.

B:

That food is related to illnesses is not a new discovery. In 1945, government researchers realized that nitrates and nitrites (commonly used to preserve color in meats) as well as other food additives caused cancer. Yet, these carcinogenic additives remain in our food, and it becomes more difficult all the time to know which ingredients on the packaging labels of processed food are helpful or harmful.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

A:

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

C:

The additives that we eat are not all so direct Farmers often vive penicillin to cattle and poultry and because of this, penicillin has been found in the milk or treated COWS- Sometimes similar drug are administrated to animals not for medical purposes, but for financial reasons. The farmers are simply

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TP

A healthy diet is directly related to good health. Often we are unaware of the detrimental substances we ingest. Sometimes well-meaning farmers or others who do not realize tile consequences add these substances to food without our knowledge.

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

D:

.Q UY

trying to fatten the animals in order to obtain afaigher price on the market. Although thè Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has tried repeatedly to control these procedures, thè practices continue.

NH ƠN

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00

+3

10

1. What is the consequence of diet?

B

Ĩ. Answer the following questions.

CẤ

P2

2. Why do people of different cultures have certain illnesses?

-L

Í-

A

3. Which factors cause cancer according to government researcher?

TO ÁN

4. Why are penicillin found in milk and treated cows?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

5. What do we get benefit from a healthy diet?

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.Q UY

NH ƠN

II. Do the statements below agree with the information in the passage? Yes If the statement agrees with the information ỉn the passage. If the statement contradicts the information in the passage.

TP

No

If there is no information about the statement in the passage. 1. All additives in our foods are good for our health. 2. All additives in our food are dangerous for our health; 3. Scientists have found out that all cancer in the world IScaused by the food we eat. 4. It is known that the food we consume always have bad effects on our health. 5. Now we know that food is related to many kinds of diseases. 6. i t is e a s y f o r US to k n o w th e h a r m fu l a d d itiv e s in f o o d w h e n we eat it. 7. Additives are given to food only for medical purposes. 8. People add some substances to food to make it more delicious. 9. We do not usually realize the harmful effects of additives on our health. 10. A healthy diet is not always good for our health.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

Not Given

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

III. Choose the appropriate letters A-D 1. How has science done a disservice to people? A. Because of science, disease caused by contaminated food has been virtually eradicated. 182

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D. Benign substances.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

B. It has caused a lack of information concerning the value of food. c. As a result of scientific intervention, some potentially harmful substances have been added to our food. D. The scientists have preserved the color of meats, bit not of vegetables. 2. What are nitrates used for? A. They preserve the flavor of packaged foods. B. They preserve the color of meats. c. They are objects of research. D. They cause the animals to become fatter. 3.EDÁmeans: A. Food ðừeet Additives. B. Final Difficulty Analysis c . Food and Drag Administration ð. Federal Dairy Additives 4. Ạ11 of the following statements are true except: A. Drugs are always given to animals for medical reasons. B. Some of the additives in our food are added to the food itself and some more are given by the living animals. c. Researchers have known about the potential hazards of food additives since 1945. D. Food may cause 40% of the cancer in the world. 5. The word “additives” is closest meaning to: A* Added substances B. Dangerous substances c Natural substances

NH ƠN

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6. What is the best title for this passage? A. Harmful and Harmless Substance in Food

.Q UY

B. Improving Healthy through à Natural Diet

ĐẠ O

D. Avoiding injurious substances in food.

TP

c. The food you eat can affect your health

HƯ NG

Passage 5:

Despite the fact that too much fat can be harmful, a moderate fat intake is actually essential to the maintenance of good health. Some of the symptoms of fat deficiency include flaking skin, emaciation, reduced functioning of the immune system, and fertility problems. Recent studies have linked fat-free diets to increase stress and aggression, and note that those who try to eliminate fat completely from thek food intake may be at risk for developing eating disorders: a small amount of fat in a meal will produce a feeling of satiety which lasts much longer than the sensation of fullness produced by protein or carbohydrates.

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

A:

Í-

At least two teaspoons of fat per day is needed in order lor the digestive system to absorb vitamins A, D, E and K, which are fat soluble. These vitamins are essential for healthy hair, skin, teeth and eyes. Without the ability to absorb these vitamins, \ children tun. the ĩisk of developmental and \ disorders. Adults need these vitamins \\Q mm&a&toxsfetfoSsfcstomsyaas. \

\ \

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

B:

___

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Some types of fat actually help to reduce harmful cholesterol levels. Polyunsaturated fats such as com, soybean and sesame oil, arid monounsadirated fats like chicken fat and olive oil, seen to lower blood cholesterol, while saturated fats-those found in red meat, dairy products and tropical oiỉs-seem to raise the level of the kind of cholesterol which accumulates as plague on arterial walls. Paying attention to tile type of fat consumed is just as important as reducing total fat intake.

TR

I. Answer the following questions.

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

C:

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NH ƠN

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10

00

B

1. What are symptoms of fat deficiency?

CẤ

P2

+3

2. What will happen if we eliminate fat completely ửom food intake?

Í-

A

3. How much fat do we need per day for the digestive system?

TO ÁN

-L

4. Why do adults need vitamins A, D, E and K?

ƯỠ

NG

5. Which kind of fats do we need to lower blood cholesterol?

BỒ

ID

6. Where can we find saturated fats?

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If the statement agrees with the information in the passage.

No

If the statement conừañicts the information in tile passage.

Not Given

If there is no information about the statement in the passage.

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

Yes

NH ƠN

XL Do the statements below agree with the information in the passage?

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

1. Fat can help to maintain a good health. 2. Fat deficiency causes flaking skin, emaciation, reduced functioning of the immune system and fertility problems. 3. People who don’t eat any fat in food will develop eating disorders. :p 4. A small amount of fat in a meal is unnecessary. 5. Two teaspoons of fat per day is too much for the digestive system. 6. Vitamin A, D, E and K are fat soluble and good for healthy hair, skin teeth and eyes. 7. Com, soybean and sesame oil are polyunsaturated fats. 8. Saturated fats help to reduce the cholesterol in blood. 9. According to writer, people should eat much polyunsaturated fats.

NG

10. Red meat reduces the level of the kind of cholesterol.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

in . Choose the appropriate letters A-D. 1. What did the paragraph preceding this passage most likely discuss? 186

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B. Moderate fat intake. c. General health guidelines.

.Q UY

D. Methods of reducing one’s percentage of dietaiy fat.

ĐẠ O

B. To compare three kinds of cholesterol.

TP

2. What is die author’s main purpose in the passage? A. To discuss some positive aspects of dietary fat.

NH ƠN

A. Healthy problems linked to fat consumption.

HƯ NG

c . To approve that a low fat diet is inherently harmful D. To analyze recent studies linking fat intake to disease.

TR

ẦN

3., All of the following are mentioned as signs of fat „■deficiency except

B

A. Flaky skins

P2

D. A feeling" of satiety.

+3

c. Reduced immunity.

10

00

B. Fertility problems

CẤ

4. According to this passage, the most harmful type of fat

A

w o u ld b e f o u n d i n . . . . . . ...

Í-

A. fish and vegetable

-L

B. steak and cheese

TO ÁN

c . com oil and oỉive oil D. chicken fried in soybean oiL

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

5. According to the passage, an individual who wishes to stay healthy should ......:.. A. eat a fatrfree diet

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NH ƠN

B. eat equal amounts of the three different types of fat. c. take vitamin supplements.

.Q UY

D. eat a small amount of fat each day.

ĐẠ O

Locked Doors, Open Access

TP

Passage 6:

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

The word, “security5’, has both positive and negative connotations. Most of US would say that we crave security for its entire positive its positive virtues, both physical and psychological-its evocation of the safety of home, of undying love, or of freedom from need. More negatively, the world nowadays conjures up images of that huge industry which has developed to protect individuals and property from invasion by “outsiders”, ostensibly malicious and intent on theft or willful damage.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

Increasingly, because they are situated in urban areas of escalating crime, those buildings which used to allow free access to employees and other users (buildings such as offices, schools, colleges or hospitals) now do not. Entry areas which in another age were called “Reception” are now manned by security staff. Receptionists, whose task was to receive visitors* and to make them welcome before passing them on to the person they had come to see, have been replaced by those whose task it is to bar entry to the unauthorized, the unwanted or the plain unappealing.

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individual rooms are themselves under lock and key, which is a particular problem when it means that working space becomes compartmentalized.

NH ƠN

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00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

To combat the consequent difficulty of access to people at a physical level, we have now developed technological access. Computers sit on every desk and are linked to one another, and in many cases to an external universe of other computers, so that messages can be passed to a fro. Here too, security plays a part, since we must not be allowed access to messages destined for others. And so the password was invented. Now correspondence between individuals goes from desk to desk and cannot be accessed by collegues. Library catalogues can be searched from one’s desk. Papers can be delivered to, and received from, other people at the press of a button.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

And yet it seems that, just as work is isolating, individuals more and more, organizations are recognizing the advantages of “team-work”; perhaps in order to encourage employees to talk to one another again. Yet, how can groups work in teams if the possibilities for communication are reduced? How can they work together if e-mail provides a convenient electronic shield behind which the blurring of public and private can be exploited by the less scrupulous? If voice-mail walls up messages behind a password? If I can’t leave a message on my colleague’s desk because his office is locked?

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

Team-work conceals the fact that another kind of security, I ^ob security”, is almost always not on offer. Just as ^organizations now recognize three kinds of physical ^sources: those they buy, those they lease long- term and Sè they rent short-term-so it is with thdr human resources. ^ employees have permanent contracts, some have short189 Đóng góp PDF bởi GV. Nguyễn Thanh Tú

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NH ƠN

term contracts, and some are regarded simply as casủàĩ|jí labour. '

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

Telecommunication systems offer us the direct line, I which means that individuals can be contacted without the j caller having to talk to anyone else. Voice-mail and the V answer phone mean that individuals can communicate without ever actually talking to one another. If we are unfortunate enough to contact an organization with a sophisticated touch-tone dialing system, we can buy tMngs and pay for them without ever speaking to a human being.

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

To combat this closing in on ourselves we have the Internet, which opens out communication ñxanneỉs more widely than anyone could possibly want or need. An individual’s electronic presence on the Internet is known as the “Home page”-suggesting the safety and security of an electronic hearth. An elaborate system of 3-dỉmensionaì graphics distinguishes this very 2-dimensional medium of “web sites”. The nomenclature itself creates the illusion of a geographical entity, that the person sitting before the computer is travelling, when in fact the “site” is coming to him. “Addresses” of one kind or another move to the individual, rather than t&e individual moving between them, now that location is no longer geographical.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

An example of this is the mobile phone. I am now not available either at home or at work, but wherever Ĩ take my mobile phone. Yet, even now, we cannot escape the security of wanting to “locate” the person at the other end. It is no coincidence that almost everyone we see answering or initiating a mobile phone-call ỉn public begins saying where he or she is.

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Complete tke text below, ^\ủñs. \s a summfcYy QỈ Ỹara^rapìì 4-6. Choose your answer irosxì tkê "WQTd List below.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

TP

.Q UY

There are more words and phrases than spaces, SO"you will not be able to use them all You may use-any word or phrase more than ©nece.

ĐẠ O

The problem of physical access to buildings has now been ....(I).... by technology. Messages are sent between ......f®....,

HƯ NG

with passwords not allow ing..... (3)........to read someone else’s

messages. But, while individuals are becoming increasingly ___ ____socially by th e way they do their job, at the same

TR

ẦN

time more value is being put o n ....... (5)....... . However, e-mail and voice-mail have led to a . . . . . . opportunities for

just the same way as

HÓ Í-

team-work

-L

decrease in

A

reducing of

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

person-to-person communication. And the feet that job-security is generally not available nowadays is hidden by the very concept o f...... .......... Human resources are now regarded in ...... ^ physical ones.

TO ÁN

similar

computer

cut-off

computers

overcame

combat

isolating

developed

physical

other people

solved

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

no different from

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-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

n . Choose the appropriate letters A-D. 1. According to the author, 0ĩỊe tiling we long for is...... A. the safety of the home. B. security. G. open access. D. positive virtues. 2. Access to many buildings...... A. is unauthorized. B. is becoming more difficult c. is a cause of crime in many urban areas. D. used to be called “reception”. 3. Buildings used to permit access to any users...... A. but now they do not. B. and still dò now. c. especially offices and schools. D. especially in urban areas. 4. Secure zones.... A. don’t allow access to the user. B. compartmentalize the user, c. are often like traps. D. are not accessible to everybody.

NH ƠN

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TO ÁN

in . Complete the sentences below. Use No More Than Three Words from the passage for each answer.

NG

1. The writer does not like..................

3. Devices like mobile phones mean that location is ......

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

2. An individual’s Home Page indicates theừ ....................on the Internet.

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NH ƠN

Passage?:

.Q UY

Caveat Scriptor!

ĐẠ O

TP

Let the would-be writer beware! Anyone foolhardy enough to embaik on a career as a writer-Yvhether it be an academic treatise, a novel, or even an artìcle-should first read this!

P2

+3

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

People think that writing as a profession is glamorous; that it is just about sitting down and churning out words on a page, or more likely these days on a compuier-screen. If only it were! So what exactly does writing a book entail? Being a writer is about managing a galaxy of contradictory feelings: elation, despair, hope, frustration, satisfaction and depression-and not all separately! Of course, it also involves carrying out detailed research: first to establish whether there is a market for the planned publication, and second into the content of the book. Sometimes, however, instinct takes the place of market research and the contents are dictated not by plans and exhaustive research, but by experience and knowledge.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

Once the publication has been embarked upon, there is a long period of turmoil as the text takes shape. A first draft is rarely the final text of the book. Nearly all books are the result of countless hours of altering and reordering chunks of text and deleting tile embarrassing bits. While some people might think that with new technology the checking and editing process is speeded up, the experienced writer would hardly agree. Unfortunately, advanced technology now allows the writer the luxury of countless editings; a temptation many of us find hard to resist So a passage, endlessly reworked may end up nothing remotely like the original, and completely out of place when compared with the rest of the text.

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HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

After the ừauma of self-editing and looking for howlers, it is time to show the text to other people, friends perhaps, for appraisal. At this stage, it is not wise to send it off to a literary agent or dừect to publishers, as it may need further fine-tuning of which the author is unaware. Once an agent has been approached and has rejected a draft publication, it is difficult to go and ask for the revamped text to be consisted again. It also helps, at this stage, to offer a synopsis of the book, if it is a novel or an outline if it is a textbook. This acts as a guide for the author and a general reference for friends and later for agents.

10

00

B

TR

ẦN

Although it is tempting to send the draft to every possible agent at one time, it is probably unwise. Some agents may reject the publication out of hand, but others may proffer some invaluable advice, for example about content or the dừectíon to be taken. Hints like this may be of use in finally being given a contract by an agent or publisher.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

+3

The lucky few taken on by publishers or agents, then have their books subjected to number of readers, whose job It is to vet a book: deciding whether it is worth publishing and whether the text as it stands is acceptable or not. After a book has finally been accepted by a publisher, one of the greatest difficulties for the writer lies in taking on board the publisher’s alterations to the text. Whilst the overall story and thrust of the book may be acceptable, it will probably have to conform to an in-house style, as regards language, spelling, or punctuation, etc. More seriously, the integrity of the text may be challenged, and1this may require radical redrafting which is unpalatable to the author* A book’s creation period is complex and unnerving, but the publisher’s reworkings and text amputations can also be a tortuous process.

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NH ƠN

For many writers, the most painful period comes when the text has been accepted, and the writer is waiting for it to be put together for the printer. By this stage, it is not uncommon

.Q UY

for the writer to be thoroughly sick o f thetext.

Abandon writing? Nonsense. Once smitten, it is not easy

ĐẠ O

roller-coaster ride of contradictory emotions.

TP

to escape the compulsion ÍO create and write, despite die

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

L Complete the text, .below,' which'is.;a summary of the passage. Choose your answers from the Word List below. They are more words and'phrases'than spaces, so you will not be able to use them ail. You may use each word or phrase only once.

10

People often associate writing with . . . . . . . ........But being

CẤ

P2

+3

a writer involves managing conflicting emotion as well as ...... ........ or instinct Advance technology, contrary to what might be thought, does not make th e..... .... faster.

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

When a writer has a draft of the text ready, it is a good idea to have a ...... (4).......for friends, etc. to look a t If an author is accepted by a publisher, the draft of the book is given to ...... for vetting.......... ^ ....... are then often made, which are not easy for tile writer to agree. ..... is compelling, even though there are

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

However,.... <8)

editing process

beware

readers

first draft

glamour

alterations

profession

a literary agent publisher 195

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writing

dictating

g

research

publishing

summary

1:

ups and downs

roller-coaster

.Q UY

challenges

f

1 c

2

B. Market research can replace instinct

ẦN

c. Market research is essential

HƯ NG

A. Instinct can replace market research

ĐẠ O

1. In the planning stages of a book,......

TP

II. Choose the appropriate letters A-D

f c a

NH ƠN

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a r

TR

D. Instinct frequently replaces market research. 2. The problem with the use of advanced technology in editing is that....

10

00

B

s d b

P2

B. It is unfortunate

+3

A. It becomes different ửom the original

CẤ

tl

c . I t is a lu x u r y

v ^ d

D. Many writers cannot resist changing the text again and again,

Í-

A

■V

TO ÁN

ƯỠ

Ịf

^

in . Complete the sentences below. Use No More Than Three Words from the passage to complete each blank space.

NG

c 0 I!

-L

F

1. Once a text is finished, the writer needs to get........of other people. 2. Some agents may reject the draft of a book, while others may offer.........

1

196

BỒ

ID

t<

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3. Apart from the need for a draft to conform to an m-ftoiise style, a publisher’s changes to a text may include.....ÍŨ'.C:

.Q UY

4. The publisher’s alterations to a book are difficult for a writer, as is th e.......as the book grows.

NH ƠN

WWW.DAYKEMQUYNHON.UCOZ.COM

TP

Passage 8:

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

Haydn’s late quartets

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

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B

TR

ẦN

By the time he came to write the String Quartets published as Opus 76 and opus 77, Haydn was undoubtedly the most famous living composer in the whole of Europe. He had recently returned from the highly successful second visit to England, for which he had composed his last six symphonies, culminating in the brilliant and festive Drum Roll Symphony (No. 103) and London Symphony (No. 104). This is public music, full of high spirits, expansive, gestures and orchestral surprise. Haydn knew how to please his audience. And in 1796, following his return to Vienna, he began work on his largest and most famous choral work, the oratorio, “The Creation”. In the succeeding years, till 1802, he was to write a series of other large scale religious choral works, including several masses. The oratorios and masses were also public works, employing large forces for dramatic effect, but warm and full of apparently spontaneous religious feeling. Yet at the same time he composed these 8 quartets, in term of technical mastery and sheer musical invention the equal of the symphonies and choral works, but in their mood and emotional impact far removed, by turns introspective and detached, or full of passionate intensity.

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HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

Once again, as in the early 1770s when he appears to have been going through some kind of spiritual crisis. Haydn returned to the String Quartet as a means to accomplish a twofold aim: firstly to innovate musically in a genre free from public performance requirements or religious convention; secondly to express personal emotions or philosophy in a musical form that is intimate yet capable of great subtlety and complexity of meaning. The result is a series of quartets of astonishing structural, melodic, rhythmic and harmonic variety, in habiting a shifting emotional world, where tension underlines surface brilliance and cairn give ways to unease.

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

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B

TR

ẦN

The six quartets of Opus 76 differ widely in character. The opening movement of No.2 is tense and dramatic, while that of No.4 begins with die soaring long-breathed melody that has earned it the nickname of “The Sunrise”. The minuets too have moved a long way from the stately court dance of the mid-eighteenth century. The so-calỉeñ “Witches Minuet” of No.2 is a strident canon, that of No.6 is a fast one-in-a-bar movement anticipating the Scherzos of Beethoven, while at the heart of No.5 is a contrasting trio section which, far from being the customary relaxed variant of the surrounding minuet, flings itself into frenetic action and is gone. The finales are full of the energy and grace we associate with Haydn but with far less conscious humor and more detachment than in earlier quartets.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

But it is in the slow movement that Haydn is most innovative and most unsettling. In No.l the cello and the first violin embark on a series of brusque dialogues. No.4 is a subdued mediation based on the hushed opening chords. The slow movements of No.5 and No.6 are much looser in structure, the cello and viola setting off on solitary episodes of melodic and harmonic uncertainty. Blit there the similarity 198

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ends, for while No.5 is enigmatic, and predominantly dark m tone, the overlapping textures of its sister are full of lightfilled intensity.

A

CẤ

P2

+3

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B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

TP

.Q UY

The Opus 76 quartets were published in 1799, when Haydn was well over 60 years old. Almost immediately he was commissioned to write another set by Princess Lobkowitz, a wealthy paừon, who was later to become an important figure in Beethoven’s life. Two quartets only were completed an published as opus 77 Nos.l &2 in 1802. But these are not the works of an old man whose powers are f a d in g , or who s im p ly c o n s o lid a te s g r o u n d a lr e a d y c o v e r e d . Once again Haydn innovates. The opening movement of Opus 77 No.2 is as structurally complex and emotionally unsettling as anything he ever wrote, alternating between a laconic opening theme and a tense and threatening counter theme which comes to dominate the whole movement Both quartets have fast scherzo-like “minuets”. The slow movement of No.l is in traditional variation form, but sừetches the form to the limit in order to accommodate widely contrasting textures and moods. The finale of No.2 is swept along by a seemingly inexhaustible stream of energy and inventiveness.

NH ƠN

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BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

In fact, Haydn began a third quartet in this set, but never finished it, and the two completed movements were published in 1806s as opus 103, his last published work. He was over 70, and clearly lacked the strengthen tò continue composition. The two existing movements are a slow movement followed by a minute. The slow movement has quiet warmth, but it is the minuet that is remarkable. It is in true dance time, unlike the fast quasi-scherzos of the earlier quartets. But what a dance! In a somber D minor Haydn unfolds an angular, ruthless little dance of death. The central

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I. Choose the appropriate letters A-D.

ĐẠ O

1. W h ic h o n e o f th e f o llo w in g s ta te m e n t i s tr u e ?

TP

.Q UY

NH ƠN

trio section holds out a moment of consolidation, and then the dance returns; sweeping on relentlessly to the final sudden uprush of sound. And then, after more than 40 years of composition the matter fails silent.

BỒ

ID

ƯỠ

NG

TO ÁN

-L

Í-

A

CẤ

P2

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10

00

B

TR

ẦN

HƯ NG

A. Haydn wrote the London Symphony in England. B. We do not know where Haydn wrote the London Symphony c. Haydn wrote the London Symphony in Vienna D. Haydn wrote the Drum Roll Symphony in England 2. Like symphonies 103 and 104, the oratorios and masses were..... A. written in the eighteenth century B. for the public c. as emotional as the quartets D. full of religious feelings 3. The string quartets in opus 76 and opus 77 were..... A. the cause of a spiritual crisis B. intimate ýtt capable c. calm unease D. diverse

200

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£L. Complete the text beIow,whichlsasum mary of ; paragraph 3 and 4 in Reading Passage 3. Choose your answers from the Word List below and

TP

.Q UY

There are more words and phrases than spaces, so you will not foe able to use them all. You may use each word or phrase only once.

NH ƠN

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m uch

.........

. ........b r u s q u e ,

th e

fo rm e r

HƯ NG

ĐẠ O

For example, the opening of “The sunrise” is not nearly as as that of No.2. ........(2)....... those of the mideighteenth century, the minuets are more frenetic and less relaxed. It is in the slow movement, however, that Hayden tried something very different In contrast to No.4, No.l is b e in g

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...............................^ ..... , Nos.5 and 6 are alike in some respects. Less

More

Long-breathed

Similarly

Subdued

Tense

like

conversely

quieter

Different Unlike

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PART A:

1. c

2. a

3. d

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Ex2: 2. d

3. a

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1. d

4. a 4. c

2. c

3. d

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Ex 3:

4. a

5. d

2. a

3. d

4. b

3. d

4. d

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1. d

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Ex 4:

A

Ex 5:

2. b

l.a

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Ex 6:

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1. Edible Ex 7:

2. Inedible

3. d

4. b

2. a

3. a

4. a

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2. c

3. d

4. d

1

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1. c

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Ex 1:

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Ex 8:

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Ex 9: a

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4. d

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4. b

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3. insensitive 4. warm

Ex 13: 2. a

3. a

4. c

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1. lenient

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Ex II:

TR

Ex 14:

5. b

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1. Bizarre 2. Creeds 3v Añấere 4. Aroma 5. Inscribe

A

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PARTB:

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Unit 1:

4.C

5.b

7.a

3.d 8,d

9.b

10.C

1 2 .b *

13.a

14-b

15.b

18.C-

19.a

20.d

23 .a

24.C

25.a

2.b

TO ÁN

Lc ll.b

NG

6.C

17.a

2Lb

22.d -

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Unit 2:

V

3.a

4 .d

5 .d

6.a

7.C

8.b

9 .a

10.C

11.C

12.a

13.C

1 4 .a

1 5 .b

16.b

17.C

18.b

1 9 .a

20.C

21.d

22.a

23 b

2 4 .á

25.C

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2c

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Unit 3: 2.a

3.d

4.b

5.b

6.b

7.C

8.a

9.d

10.a

ILd

12.C

13.a

16.C

17.b

18.d

21.d

22-a

23.b

14.C

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20.b

24.C

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15.d

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19.C

20.d

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24.d

25 .c

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Unit 4:

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Unit 5: l.c 6.a

2. b 7. c

3. d 8- b

4 c 9* d

5. d 10. a

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11. d

12. a

13. a

14. c

15. a

16. a

17. c

18. d

19. a

20. b

21. a

22. c

23. b

24. d

2 5 .a

l.c

2 .a

3. a

4. a

5. d

6.C

7. b

8 .b

9 .d

1 0 .a

ll.c

1 2 .d

1 3 .a

1 4 .a

1 6 .b

1 7 .d

1 8 .b

1 9 .d

2 1 .b

2 2 .a

2 3 .d

2 4 .d

l.b

2 .d

3 .b

6.C

7.a

8 .b

ll.d

1 2 .a

16.C

17.a

2 1 .b

2 2.C

1 5 .a

2 0 .d 2 5 .c

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Unit 6:

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Unit 7:

5 .d

9 .d

lO.d

13.a

14.C

1 5 .b

18.C

19.a

2 0.C

2 3 .b

24.a

25.C

2A

3 .a

4.C

5x

7 .b

8.C

9.C

10.C

1 2 .d

13.C

1 4 .a

1 5 .b

1 6 .a

1 7 .d

1 8 .d

1 9 .b

20.C

2 1 .a

2 2 .b

2 3 .b

2 4 .a

25.C

6.C

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ll.b

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Unit 8:

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A

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P2

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4.C

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Unit 9: lx 6.b ILc 16.a 21.c

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5x 10.a 15.b 20.d 25.C

3i) 8.a 13.C 18.b 23X

4.b 9.C 14-d 19.d 24.b

ll.a 16.C 21.b

2.a 7.d 12.a 17.d 22.b

3.C 8.d 13.a 18.b 23 .d

4.a 9.b 14.C 19.C 24.b

5.a 10.C 15 h y 20.b 25.a

Unit 11: l.a 6.b ll.a 16.d 21.b

2.d 7.C 12.d 17.d 22.C

3.a 8.a 13.d 18.b 23 .c

4.C 9.a 14.b 19.b 24.a

5.C lO.d 15.b 20-b 25.d

3.b

4.a 9.d 14. c 19. c 24.C

5.b

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2.b 1A 12.b 17.b 22.a

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Unit 10: l.a

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2.b 7.a 12.b 17. c 22. b

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Unit 12: l.b 6.a 11. d. 16.d 21. c

8.C

13. a 18. a 23.d

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