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Needle- Weaving century. There is very little to distinguish needleweaving from tapestry, except that the latter is done with the shuttle instead of the needle. This weaving of patterns directly on to the material fifth


fascinating work.

It is so effective, so rich in result,

and so charmingly appropriate to the material there must always be a certain stiffness and rigidity in the pattern, caused by the upright warp threads, which demand simplicity of treatment. Weaving, whether done with needle, bobbins or shuttle, is just a method of interweaving the warp threads with the weft these weft;




consist of wools, silks, cottons, or

— decora-

even gold and silver threads. This type of work may be applied to all kinds of useful household articles table linen, bed linen, cushions, bags,

tively, of raffia, or

also bands and book covers insertions for garments. There is room for such simple pattern, combined in some cases with other stitchery, on these and many other articles, where a marginal

chair backs, footstools,





Description of Frontispiece. Plate I. shows a table square worked on " Titian " canvas of a soft brown tint. The original was 36 inches by 18 inches. The edges of the canvas should be turned up and the spaces arranged for the needle-weaving and coloured bands before the weft threads are removed. Allow about 3 inches for the open-work. Cut the weft threads and pull them out. Fig. 3 1 shows method of working begin at the right-hand corner and weave the pattern over these are six groups, three strands in each group worked in gold and yellow repeat the same pattern on ;