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were of two kinds Lacis and Cut Work. They were heavy in texture and suited to the costumes of the period. Lacis. In lacis the background consisted of a network of squared meshes upon linen on which a pattern was darned in linen thread, coloured silks, or gold threads it was worked usually in large pieces, for coverlets and bed hangings, curtain borders, and altar laces




Cut Work.

—Cut work had the background at

parts drawn, other parts were cut



this stitch

away and

was invented

purpose of protecting these cut edges.


the edges for the

This darned

netting and cut work, point coupe, were often combined on the one piece. Reticella. The next step, of course, was to work without a linen foundation. The threads were arranged in a frame, on a foundation which was only there to hold the threads in position while they were worked into various patterns, and filled with button-hole stitches. All the laces of this period were geometric in design squares and circles combined with cut work, drawn work and embroidery. It was not until about the end of the seventeenth century that these gave place to flowing lines and more elaborate and complicated workmanship with a net background.


of the earlier peasant embroideries are singularly

There is a personality and a quaintness of thought combined with those spontaneous designs, a brightness of colour so instinctive, and an inventiveness of method so freely displayed that one has only to see the embroideries to realise their charm. interesting.