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Rings are quite simply made. The thread is wound round the stick six to ten times, according to the desired.

and a stitch or two of button-holing is worked before removing it then work round the threads until it is complete and finish by passing the needle through the head of the first stitch and slipping it inside and along the line of strengthening threads cut off neatly. Rings may have pyramids worked round them, in which

size of the ring,



case a definite


of button-hole stitches should


made. If a ring is covered with twenty-eight buttonhole stitches, four pyramids of six stitches each could be made, with one

between each pyramid with smaller pyramids, with one stitch


thirty stitches, six


between each, could be worked in. Rings could be made over a metal or bone foundation when they are used to support any weight, as for the


strings of a bag, or to attach a splasher to a wall

for lacing or connecting the front or shoulders of a

jumper or

child's frock

they can be either made on

threads or metal rings.

Note the interesting method Plate XIII.


see also Fig. 23



applying rings in

which shows method


working rings with picots of bullion stitch. Very useful indestructible buttons can be made of very thickly padded small rings in which the stitches practically fill up the centre twisted bars, crossed, should be worked at the back for the purpose of attaching these buttons to the garments which they are to adorn. Ornamental Knot (Fig. 45). Knot work, like embroidery and lace, seems to have originated in the ;