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Couching, French Knots, Bullion Stitch scheme (Plate IV.). Where simple treatment shows to advantage, couched threads, outlined with metal cord, give the necessary means of expressing taste and choice of colour, and with a little extra stitching to indicate veinings or whatever detail there may be, couching can again be applied with good results, instead of resorting It is worked from right to left the to another stitch. ;

down stitches may be straight or slanted, but they ought not to be placed too far apart for simple decorative work, from a sixteenth to a quarter of an inch, the latter for the attaching of wools or yarns and narrow braids, the former for finer work. One of the commonest mistakes of a beginner is to couch with a thick thread, each stitch varying from a half to oneand-a-half inches apart. This entirely destroys the character and effect of the applied threads. When couching a straight line with cord or braid it should be held small tying

rather tightly, while with wool or silk a pretty bead-like

appearance can be got by holding the thread rather loosely (Plate



fashion of sewing on a cord invisibly



by untwisting the cord slightly between each stitch should never be resorted to for embroidery. Ancient method of Couching, " Point rentre et



—A most interesting method



of couching,

out of use, was practised up




The couching thread and was generally of strong waxed linen thread, which did not appear on the surface at all. The ground material was formed of two layers of linen, and the gold or silk thread was kept on the middle of the fourteenth century.

was on the reverse