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turning torso Location: Malmo Sweden Architect: Santiago Calatrava Completion Date: August 27th, 2005 Building Type: Residential/Office space Height: 190.4 mts Number of Stories: 57

http://www.calatrava.com/#/Selected%20works/Architecture/Malm%C3%B6?mode=english

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building facts

-the turning torso is separated into 9 different sections and 57 floors that turn 90degrees from top to bottom, to resemble the turn in a spine - the structure was built with the idea that it would be viewed as a sculptural element in the city. -the building is separated into different uses the first ten floors are offices, and the next 45 floors are separated into 147 different apartments. The top two floors are used as meeting facilities. - the facade of the building is made of glass and aluminium, the facade is double curved with flat glass and curved aluminium. - the widows lean in or out depending which side of the building they are on in order to follow the curve of the building.

http://www.arcspace.com/architects/ calatrava/turning_torso_index.html

http://www.calatrava.com/#/Selected%20works /Architecture/Malm%C3%B6?mode=english

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http://www.arcspace.com/architects/calatrava/turning_torso_index.html

(Jodidio 77)

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sustainability - the turning torso is a highly sustainable building in keeping with the current trends in Sweden. - the building uses 100% local renewable energy which comes from solar, wind, bedrock, and water. - turning torso was built with an energy efficient building envelope. - the organic waste is turned into biofuels. - the building is heated from solar cells and underground water reservoirs. - turning torso uses rain water harvesting

http://www.calatrava.com/#/Selected%20works/Architecture/Malm%C3%B6?mode=english

http://www.arcspace.com/architects/calatrava/torso2/torso2.html

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building structure

- the interior flooring systems are made from concrete slabs in the shape of pie slices. - the core structure of the building is a giant concrete pipe that runs the whole height of the building and holds the stairs and the three elevators. - on the outside of the building is a steel support like the spine of the body. This “spine� links all the sections together and strengthens the building. - the ecosystem of the structure are slanting pipes that come off of the spine these pipes and provide wind resistance and protect against building vibrations.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/8218411/TURNING-TORSO-MALMO-SWEDEN-BY-SANTIAGO-CALATRAVA-Architecture-Arkhitekton-Architectus-Architecte

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extra info

- all the security systems in the building have independent reserve power supplies for the safest environment possible for its users. - there is a parking block off site that is designated for viewers and it can be reached from a private tunnel that connects the building and the lot. - on the 43rd floor there is a guest house, gym, sauna, jacuzzi, and a panorama room. - there are two basement floors which hold the laundry and the mechanical spaces.

all of the information for the Turning Torso comes from: http://www.hsb.se/malmo/hsb-turning-torso/in-english http://www.designbuild-network.com/projects/turning-torso/ http://thearchiblog.wordpress.com/2011/01/03/santiago-calatrava-hsb-turning-torso/ SANTIAGO CALATRAVA by Philip Jodidio Santiago Calatrava The Complete Works- expanded edition by Alexander Tzonis

google earth

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google zurich Location: Z端rich, Switzerland Architect: Camenzind Evolution Completion Date: Summer 2008 Building Type: Office space Number of Stories: 7 Project Area: 12,000 sqm

http://www.archdaily.com/41400/google-emea-engineering-hub-camezind-evolution/009_f0_reception/

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floor plans

http://www.archdaily.com/41400/google-emea-engineering-hub-camezind-evolution/

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ideas behind the design -Google as a company strives to promote individuality and creativity in the work place by providing a high energy environment. -Before designing Google Zurich, Google brought in a psychologist to take a survey. From this survey they drew information like personality types, values, and types of motivation in the workplace. - The results of the survey have not been released to the public. However the results determined that the best work environment is one that is diverse and harmonious while at the same time still being a fun place to work. The survey also revealed that personal workplace needed to be functional and calmer while the common areas need to have strong visuals and be visually pleasing as well as being entertaining. By doing this the workers will have a workplace that helps to stimulate the creativity that is needed in their office.

All images come from http://www.archdaily.com/41400/google-emea-engineering-hub-camezind-evolution/

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community space and themes - the Google workers decided that they wanted to reduce the amount of personal work place in order to have more community work and social areas. - the floors of the office are coded by color and theme in order to help with way finding in the building.

All images come from http://www.archdaily.com/41400/google-emea-engineering-hub-camezind-evolution/

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relaxing in the workplace

- The Google office supports health in their employees by providing a gym with yoga, Pilates, and fitness classes.

All images come from http://www.archdaily.com/41400/google-emea-engineering-hub-camezind-evolution/

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fun in the workplace - The architects designed themed areas that are associated with leisure activities such as sports. There is a lounge with aquariums, game rooms with board games table games and video games. There is a library and a spa that offers massages to the employees. Apart from the main cafeteria there are micro kitchens with free food for the employees to enjoy throughout the day.

All images come from http://www.archdaily.com/41400/google-emea-engineering-hub-camezind-evolution/

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health and food - Air quality is very important to Google and they use enhanced filtration to ensure the health of their employees. - The main cafeteria offers free breakfast, lunch, and dinner. The cooks use all organic and high quality ingredients in all of their meals.

All images come from http://www.archdaily.com/41400/google-emea-engineering-hub-camezind-evolution/

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offices

- the individual offices are separated by glass panels in order to maintain an open and bright work environment that lets through the natural light. The glass allows for auditory privacy that is needed at certain times.

all information comes from: http://www.archdaily.com/41400/googleemea-engineering-hub-camezind-evolution/ I Wish I Worked There! by Kursty Groves all images from: http://picasaweb.google.com/zurich.office.images/ZurichOfficePhotos#5174250182118263010

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skyscraper design

http://www.madehow.com/ Volume-6/Skyscraper.html

- today’s skyscrapers are designed with a precise balance of economics, engineering, and construction. - A skyscraper is weighed as a dead load which is the load of the building before any furnishings or people have been added - In the past the buildings were built from bricks and cinder blocks with high strength. - These days steel framing is used much more often which is large steel boxes with smaller steel boxes inside of them. - One of the most recent types of building is the tube design. This design helps to add more floor space and it helps with the lateral forces. The downside to this type for design is that because of the outside structure the building looses a lot of opportunities for windows. - In modern skyscraper design the concrete core is most commonly used. This design is where there is an inner tube that supports most of the building therefore leaving the exterior open for maximum window space. One downside to this type of design is that if the inner core has damage to it, it can prohibit people from escaping the building safely in an emergency. http://www.allaboutskyscrapers.com/ skyscraper_design.htm

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workplace design

http://www.bnet.com/photos/image-gallery-best-and-worstworkplace-design/190491?seq=2&tag=content;get-photo-roto

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- a workplace needs to be supportive of the job that will be done in that office. - listen to the client’s needs and design accordingly - make sure that all services are in good proximity to the rest of the office. - provide opportunities for group work. - use design to create community in the workplace. Do this by designing different areas for varieties of activities. - break down boundaries, create a space that is open and pushes people to interact. - work in teams with the clients in order to be able to fully understand what the clients needs in the space. - create an environment that is motivating to the employees do this by following these guidelines. - create a space that is light and comfortable and takes advantage of natural light. Uses colors that lighten the mood and comfortable furniture. - create a space that uses shared space. - create a space with clear signage and way finding. - when designing a workplace for a client make sure that you reflect the company values. - consider future cost of your design it can be very expensive to maintain a workspace.

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stockholm contextual analysis

http://67pics.com/view.php?q=Pictures%20Of%20Stockholm%20Sweden&url=http://www.uspassport-service-guide.com/image-files/stockholm-sweden-plaza.jpg

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/sweden/stockholm

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- the population of stockholm is 809,072 - stockholm is spread over 14 different islands - stockholm is the largest city in Sweden - stockholm is the capital of Sweden - known as the Venice of the north

http://media.photobucket.com/image/pictures%20of%20stockholm%20sweden/ mytravelguideposts/400px-View_over_Stockholm_large.jpg

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/maps/europe/sweden/stockholm/map_of_stockholm.jpg

visit http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2880.htm for a complete overview of Sweden

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sweden environmental analysis average temperatures

http://goscandinavia.about.com/od/ swede1/ss/weathersweden.htm

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/ weather/longterm/historical/data/stockholm_sweden.htm

http://www.wordtravels.com/Cities/Sweden/Stockholm/Climate

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sun diagrams

http://www.gaisma.com/ en/location/stockholm.html

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circulation of the turning torso

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form to site form city skyline site

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hierarchy

the most important design aspect of the turning torso is the actual turning the building turns 90degrees from top to bottom

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form to site

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light to form

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structure to enclosure structural spine internal structure enclosure

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vertical circulation stairs elevator

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circulation structure enclosure

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hierarchy

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circulation

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form to site

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light to form

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structure to enclosure enclosure structure

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david harrill

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sit analysis book  

this is the research that I have completed for a design competition htat I am competing in.

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