Issuu on Google+

David Estes McKnight

Beowulf’s Relationship with Other Tales David Estes McKnight


Scyldings

David Estes McKnight

Heathobards

Healfdane

Froda1

Halfdan3

Frotho5

Haldan4,

Frothi3, 6

Haldanus5 Danish King (5th-6th century) A fierce fighter Who led the Danes to the end of his long Life and left them four children ...Hergar… And Hrothgar and Halga… and… Yrs (Beowulf 57-62)

Feud with1, 2, 5

Attacks 6

Ingeld1, 2 1, 2

Hrothgar1, 2 Ro4, 5

Halga Helghe4 Helgo5

Ingild, Ingellus5

Attacks

5* 1,

Ma

Hrethric1 Rorik5 Hrothulf 1, 2 Rolf4 Roluo5

Overthrows1, 2, 7

Hrothmund1

Freawaru1

Note: Ingeld and Froda also appear in the Skjoldunga and Bjarkarimur sagas, as well as in Hrolfr’s (Hrothulf’s) saga. However, those sagas screw up the family trees a lot (Ingeld and Froda switch roles, one becomes Healfdane’s half-brother (which one depends on the the saga), etc.) so I’m omitting those sagas for the sake of simplicity.

o dt rie

r

* in Gesta Danorum (book 6) Frotho (Froda) and Ingeldlus (Ingeld) are considered Danes, rather than Heathobards, Haldanus (Healthdane) is considered Swedish (in the Ynglinga saga, Halfdan (Healthdane) took the throne from King Aun, whom he attacked and defeated), and Freawaru is a Saxon princess. Frotho was slain by Saxons, and a marriage between Ingellus and Freawaru is formed to prevent war. This fails, however, as Ingellus is provoked into attacking the sons of the Saxon who killed his father.


Danes* Swedes

Jorund3, 6

Froda1 Frotho5.6 Frothi 3, 6

Defeats5.6, 6

A king of the Swedes

Swedes/Saxons

**

Swerting1, 5.6, 6

6 5.6,

Kill

5.6. A saxon

,6

3?

ed rc iage o F arr M

6. Earl of Jorund

Unnamed Daughter Unnamed Sons

5.6, 6

3?, 6

Unnamed Daughter5.6

Ingeld1, 2 Fo rc Ma ed rria ge 5.6

Kills 5.6

Healfdane Halfdan3 Haldan4, Haldanus5 3, 6 Son of Frothi

**This marriage may actually be to Ingeld. There are a few stories that reverse the relationship between Frotho and Ingeld.

Ingild, Ingellus5.6

David Estes McKnight


David Estes McKnight

Swerting1, 5.6, 6? 1.

Father of Hrethel

5.6. A saxon

Hrethel

6. Earl of Jorund

Ongentho1 Egil3

Kills1

Higlac1

Unnamed Female

Married

1. King of the Geats

Onela1 Ă li3, 6

Ohthere1, 3 Ă“ttarr3

Kills1

A King of Sweden in the 6th century

Beowulf1

1

Heardred

1

o

cti

te

Eanmund1

Eadgil1

1. A prince of Sweden

A King of Sweden in the 6th century

In

se rv

ice

to

1

s Kill

s er ff O

o Pr

t on

Kill 1 s

In service to

Weohstan1 A King of Sweden in the 6th century

Wiglaf1

Edgetho1


David Estes McKnight Ref Number

Source

Author

Link

Works Cited Gertz, Martin C., ed. Scriptores Minores Historiæ Danicæ Medii ævi. Copenhagen: I Kommission Hos G. E. C. Gad, 1917. Boston Public Library. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.

1

Beowulf

http://www.gutenberg.org/ catalog/world/readfile? fk_files=3274226&pageno=1

2

Widsith

http://www.southampton.ac.uk/ ~enm/widsith.htm

3

Ynglinga saga

4

Chronicon Lethrense

5

Gesta Danorum

6

Skjoldunga

7

Hrólfs Saga Kraka

Snorri Sturluson

http://omacl.org/Heimskringla/ ynglinga.html

http://archive.org/details/ scriptoresminore112gert Saxo the Literate

http://omacl.org/DanishHistory/

http://www.northvegr.org/ sagas%20annd%20epics/ legendary%20heroic%20and% 20imaginative%20sagas/old% 20heithinn%20tales%20from% 20the%20north/034.html

Grammaticus, Saxo. The Nine Books of the Danish History of Saxo Grammaticus. Trans. Oliver Elton. New York: Norroena Society, 1905. The Online Medieval and Classical Library. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. Gummere, trans. Beowulf. N.p.: n.p., 1997. Project Gutenberg. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, 23 July 2008. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. Millet, Bella. Widsith. N.p.: n.p., n.d. University of Southampton. Web. 16 Sept. 2013. Sturluson, Snorri. The Ynglinga Saga. N.p.: n.p., n.d. The Online Medieval and Classical Library. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. Tunstall, Peter, trans. Hrólfs Saga Kraka. N.p.: n.p., n.d. New Northvegr Center. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.


Beowulf's Relationship with Other Tales