XINWEI CHEN Portfolio applying for M. Arch. of U. C. Berkeley
CONTENTS From External to Internal We are not able to create space, but we can shape it in various forms and after we do so to design an architecture, the external and the internal come into being. For me, the external defines an architecture, while the internal is a response to the outer world. Such two parts present a communication, forming a true architecture. Therefore, I always attempt to create a relationship between the external and the internal. Communication with time, resistance from outer trend, balance between efficiency and slowness...... I believe, from external to internal, it is possible to not only shape forms of space, but endow space with spirit and communication, making both internal system of architecture and external environment better places.
Hall of Origin
An ancestrall hall in rural area of Qingyuan, China
An immaterial factory for musicians in Kwuntong, Hongkong
A wholesale market reconstruction in old town, Guangzhou
01 HALL OF ORIGIN AN ANCESTRAL HALL IN SUBURB OF QINGYUAN, CHINA UA Competition 2017 Rural Architecture in UA City Site Analysis Collaborator: Pu LUAN, Yanbo LI Individual Design work
Foresighted thoughts of the future of rural area is the essence of the search for rural architecture. Rapid urbanization has been undermining the vitality of rural areas. The consistant loos of young residents makes it perplexed for the future of countrysides. As the bond of rural areas, family spirit is dying as rural areas become delapidated. Urban citizens lack their motivation of returning to countryside mainly because they lack a rural life to engage. Therefore, reviving historical rural life spirit is of great significance. The question then leads to how people can recall the memories as well as traditional rites and activities. Carrying forward the traditional rites makes it recognized more widely, and that is how we restore and trace the rural life mode. An ancestral hall, the unique and core architecture which serves a rural clan, is what the project focus on. Ancestral halls are the spiritual sustenance of rural residents. One can not lose his "origin", and thus the city becomes the home of his body while the countryside becomes the home of his soul. Reconstructing memorial space of the ancestral hall, retrieving cohesion of the clan, optimizing public space, returning people the rural life, and constructing a sense of belonging, are the possibilities of future rural life and architecture.
OLD TOWN QINGYUAN
SIGN NEW TOWN QINGYUAN
III. Worship Ancestors
II. Worship Sky I. Enter
Traditional Ancestral Hall
Step-1 From village to city
In traditional ancestral hall, people worship the sky as well as their ancestors in sequence, all the worship activities happens in main hall. Combining such activities in a simple space benefits to make worship a more simple one for people returning from cities.
2. Monument II. Exhibition Room
DONGGUAN SHENZHEN HONGKONG ZHUHAI
Step-2 From city to metropolises
the old and children
Residents of Futan village, which is a single-clan village located in Qingyuan, Guangdong province, are moving away for more oppotunities. Firstly, approcimately 200 people moved to downtown Qingyuan, chasing working chances of clothes manufacture or service. With more factories built in Pearl River Delta of China, two-third of them moved again with their children from Qingyuan to Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhongshan, Zhuhai or even Hongkong because it is more easy for them to make a living and enjoy the convenience of cities. With the process continuing, more than half of residents of Futan village have relocated to cities, leaving empty houses in their hometown. Traditional ancestral hall and affiliated facilities are getting old and shabby. Rural residents are mostly the elder as well as the young generation. Traditional festival and rites are withering.
Previous rural residents living in cities walk into ancestral hall for monumental activites by walking around the patio. Such route is maintained in this project with most of the monumental space circling a coffin chamber which is the most significant space for commemorating the ancestors.
3. Activity View
Indoor Public Space
Front Porch Pediment 35 / 280
Spring Festival Tomb-sweeping Festival
All the activities happen around patio of the ancestral hall. People sense the nature, communicate in the patio. In Hall of Origin, activities are also around the patio, allowing people to sense the worship activities as well as the weather when playing or communicating indoor or outdoor.
Dragon Boat Festival
20 / 160
15 / 120
Column Hall of Worship Cornice
Average Highest Temperature
25 / 200
30 / 240 Main Hall
10 / 80 5 / 40 Patio
0C / 0mm
Space Usage & Climate and Festival Memorial Hall Gate SECTION
An ancestral hall is the most important architecture in rural areas. As the core architecture in areas of relative simplicity, ancestral hall normally consists of multiple function, serving as the main public space for rural residents. Two dimentions of such architectureâ€”â€”monumentality as well as modesty can be shown through observing in different time.
PATIO OF ANCESTRAL HALL 02
FUTAN Village 2.00M 1.00M -2.37M -2.97M
1.03M -1.97M -3.47M
Entrance of Village N
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
2 6 1
PLAN +2.500 1 2 3
Activity Room Meeting Room Exhibition Room
4 5 6
Exhibition Room Storage Room Coffin Room
7 8 9
Indoor Deck Outdoor Deck Viewing Deck 03
C O N S T R U C T I O N L AY E R S
Concrete Panel Roof Sheathing
Metal Rafter Roof Interior Finishing Panel
Aluminum Louvers (Non-load Bearing)
Exhibition Room All memories will come into minds again when walking into the room.
Concrete Bearing Wall
StPl- 16 (Load Bearing) Coating Structural Steel
Concrete Panel Roof Sheathing
Concrete Bearing Wall
Concrete Bearing Wall Metal Beam Subflooring Panel
Floor Joists & Footing
Coffin Chamber Ashes of relatives who have passed away will be kept in the room for people to worship.
Vertical- Horizontal Section Details & Render Drawing
16 15 12 11 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Gravel t=130 Polyethylene film t=0.2 Damp-proof course concrete cushion t=60 Reinforced concrete foundation t=140 Concrete base beam 400*800 Gravel t=350 Pre-formed concrete apron Styrofoam t=60 Wooden joists Wooden floor Expansion bolts L-shaped steel component Steel bolt
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
Aluminum alloy plate 80*1.5 Ointment for caulking U-shaped steel component St PL-16 SOP structual steel plate 120*5 Horizontal light steel frame L-shaped steel components Steel beam 120*30 U-shaped steel component Pre-formed concrete roof plate 1000*1000*50 Calcium silicate board t=10 Celling: hanging concrete plate 1000*1000*30 upper steel frame Roof waterproof layer
02 "SOUND BOX" AN IMMATERIAL FACTORY FOR MUSICIANS IN KWUNTONG, HONGKONG Design Studio Wall: Between Thick and Thin Individual work
An immaterial factory, is a place for "workers" who produce immaterial product for a living. It is not a traditional factory, but the mode of immaterial factory is similar to a traditional one. It emphasise efficiency and profits, and workers are demanded to work hard to earn their pays. Within the gentrification process, musicians are forced to move away from Kwun Tong, an industrial district. They used to live in the low-rents industrial buildings where they regard the place as the center of underground music. They rehearsed and even lived inside the industrial buildings. However, because of the renewal project, they are moving away. They shout, they protest, they fight, but it doesn't work and life goes on. I wonder what architecture is able to help, and how musicians can adapt to the new circumstance. In order to satisfy the requirements of such a music factory, walls are set in various ways. In such factory, walls are visual and acoustic connections or separations. Walls is no longer a seperation from public to private, they are more likely masses which are systems with more walls inside the walls, providing specific places for manufacture. It's not an ideal way to live, but it is the most practical one.
WALLS INSIDE A WALL III 1950s- 1980s Industry Development
1990s-2010 Underground Music Center
2010- present Gentrification
MUSIC IN KOWLOON
Unlike Hongkong Financial center CENTRAL, Kowloon, as the center of industrial area in the past, remains a relatively outmoded situation. Low rents and sufficient industral space provide perfect conditions for underground music in Hongkong, making Kowloon the central part of underground rock music. However, under the process of gentrification hoping to build a culture center, musicians are moving away with their dreams of becoming famous broken for the reason that there is no substitute for them to restart their music career.
I PRACTICE WORKSHOP
Different Sizes for practicing instruments or composing. workshop
II "CHECK" WORKSHOP
A Circle Space that Everywhere in It Is Visible. 20m
Factory in Hongkong
III REHEARSAL WORKSHOP
An Internal Cube.
IV RECORDING WORKSHOP
In order to resist, or maintain lives for musicians living in Kwun Tong, Kowloon, the project makes efforts to build up an immaterial factory producing music for a living. To satisfy high density situation in Hongkong, a vertical system with sequence from the top to the bottom ( from practicing to publishing products) will be set up, including living area and workshops(bedrooms, practice rooms, rehearsal rooms, recording rooms etc. in specific)
A Mass with Special Wall in It.
V SUPERVISING OFFICE
A Place for Supervisors to Supervise Workers.
VI INSPIRING WORKSHOP
Receiving Different Types of Sound as a Background for Meditation. 07
I.LIVING AREA Bedrooms, activity rooms for workers to live.
II.PRACTICE WORKSHOP Rooms for workers to compose, practice skills.
III."CHECK" WORKSHOP An area for supervisors to examinate the quality of products.
IV.REHEARSAL WORKSHOP Rooms for bands to rehearse together.
V.RECORDING WORKSHOP Room for record various soundtracks of music.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Inside Recording workshop
Inside the box
Outside the box
Ordinary Dormitory Deluxe Bedroom Medium Practice Room Elevator Rest Area Staircase Examination Workshop Acoustical Tube Staircase
6 9 3 IX
7 VI.POSTPRODUCTION Office for workers to finish music.
VII.LIVE HOUSE An space for bands or musicians to publish products.
VIII. INSPIRING WORKSHOP Room for musicians to meditate for more ideas.
IX.EXIT Sign of accomplishment of products or achiving goals of musicians.
CIRCULATION As a vertical system, Various workshops are dispersed from the top to the bottom, making up a circulation for workers. The route from living area to exit represent the route to be famous. When finishing such circulation from the top to the bottom, products are completed, ready to publish at live house to earn its profit from audience which also compensates the rents for living and manufacturing in Sound Box. Such circulation enables the factory to work normally in Kowloon. 08
03 EFFICIENCY RENOVATION A WHOLESALE MARKET RECONSTRUCTION IN OLD TOWN, GUANGZHOU SCUT 2017 Spring Design Studio Urban Design: Repairing the Gap and Revitalizing the old town Instructor: Dongjin QI Individual work
Among twenty-six historical districts in Guangzhou, Renminnan is one of the most energetic one because of a world-famous area called Shisanhang which was used to be the only business zone in the Qing dynasty. It is still alive as a clothes wholesale market which attract people around China to do business. According to statistics announced by the government, there are approximately 8,000 wholesale shops in Shisanhang clothes wholesale market. With area of market expanding and leaving negative influence, residents living in Renminnan complain a lot. On one hand, wholesale market brings people to work and live in old town, making it more dynamic. On the other hand, activities of tourists, workers, carriers and wholesale practitioner leave negative impact on people living in old town pursuing tranquil environment. Instead of moving the wholesale market to outside the old town, the project aims to balance the needs of various people. Through a progressive revitalization with a skyscraper reconstruction as the beginning, the entire wholesale market will become an internal system in Shisanhang district, and efficiency of the wholesale market will be improved, making the district a more energetic place.
WHOLESALE & LIVING SITUATION IN RENMINNAN DISTRICT
WHOLESALE MARKET INNOVATION
Yudaihao Resident District Yangrenxi Resident District
Zhuangyuanfang Costume Factory (handmade costumes for canton opera) Yangrenan Resident District
Datong Wholesale Building (wholesale market from 1st floor to 9th floor)
Guangyang Wholesale Market (wholesale market)
Hongbiantian Wholesale Market
Shisanhang District (wholesale and retail)
New China Building
(clothes wholesale market from 1st floor to 7th floor)
(wholesale center in Shisanhang area)
(storage and residence)
wholesale buildings or areas
sphere of wholesale activity
main area of wholesale
service area of public transporatation
storage area of wholesale market
service sphere of New China building
sphere of clothes retail activity
Renminnan district, a historical old town in Guangzhou with a wholesale market inside, is a place full of paradoxes. On one hand, unlike other certain historical districts in Guangzhou, it is energetic that a sheer magnitude of people working and living here. On the other hand, area of wholesale market is expanding because of low rent in old town, leaving negative influence on residents and historical area. Apart from it, situation of transportation system is not able to support the need of wholesale market. In the center of wholesale market, half of a fifty-floor skyscraper is abandoned, which is a waste of space in a high density district. In stead of expanding out of control, refilling the skyscraper is a better oppotunity to reconstruct the area. 10
Main route for logistics Traffic jam in old town
Main street of market Old buildings of market
Carrier of market
Truck for logistics
Inside the market
truck route truck parking lot Unloading Center
exhibition hall Clothes Square
Wholesale Center shopping mall
FACTORY AND EXHIBITION
Clothes retail centers are built for shopers. Taking up space as less as possible, clothes retail centers control functions and structure of certain blocks, providing more ways for architectures around to upgrade or reconstruct.
Around a public square in the center of Shisanhang area, a clothes factory and a clothes exhibition center are built in supplementary of functions of wholesale market, and such present space for activities related to clothes which attracts more consumers to the market.
Retail Center shopping mall
Retail Center Wholesale Center
0 20 50 0 5 10
GROUND FLOOR PLAN 11
With unloading center upgraded, it is more efficient for both wholesale owners and consumers to transfer goods. Also, more space for trucks to park reduces chance of traffic jam in old town.
The stage is reconstructed into a double-layer theater including an indoor theater and a outdoor one, allowing more types of activities to be held to satisfy needs of residents, tourists as well as clothes prectitioners.
20F — 21F Wholesale market Hotel 23F-24F Gym 18F — 19F Storage area Hotel 19F-22F Bedrooms 17F Garden 7F — 16F Wholesale market -large scale
Hotel 8-18F Bedrooms
Corridor Walking through the wholesale center, pedestrians can see what is happening in the market.
1F — 6F Wholesale market Hotel 1F-3F Lobby 4F-5F Restaurant 6F Activity space 7F Bedrooms -2F — -1F Unloading area -5F — -3F Parking
0 5 10ft 02 5
Unload along streets
SECTION - VERTICAL CONNECTION
It is much more easier for unloading with the construction of unloading areas.
Reconstruction of wholesale center maintains the vertical connection system and the structure of the building. After refilling the skyscraper with more functions including design office, repetory, hotel and wholesale shops, vertical connection is more significant. As a result, vertical connection is seperated for different workers. Moreover, with more people working in such a center, optical connection in vertical direction is redesigned, making the wholesale center more interactive in the vertical direction. 12
18fall Berkeley Option 3