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CONTENT 内容

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SHELF LIBRARY 书架图书馆

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CHARACTER HOUSING 字宅

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OPEN WATER SCHOOL 亲水学校

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BREATHING CORNER 呼吸角

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VIEW MUSEUM 目景博物馆

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LOST RHYTHMS 韵律拾遗

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IN 里

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PRETTY GENTLEMEN 美绅士

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NEW YORK LINES 纽约之线

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AGED GLORY 历史荣耀

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SHELF LIBRARY 书架图书馆 2016


character housing


字宅


The site of this project is located in downtown Brooklyn. Facing Fulton St, Bond St, and Dekalb Ave, the site offers a rare condition with maximum street exposure. The surrounding neighborhoods are mainly commercial areas featuring big shopping centers like Macy’s and Century 21. There are also several college campuses nearby, such as Long Island University Brooklyn and NYU Tandon School of Engineering. Among mixed land use of commercial, educational and residential, Shelf Library serves as a public library that are meant to boost intellectual engagement of the local. This project was set to explore the definition of small branch library of the 21st century. Library is no longer an excluded place for the elites or a private space for the rich and esteemed. In the last century, library went through the transition from social status symbol for the few to shared space of knowledge for the public. As people around the world getting more and more educated, the concept of knowledge and learning also change with time. Library in the modern age should deliver less of

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shelf library


heaviness and detachment like the traditional ones do, but more of lightness and engagement of the city. With the development of internet and new fields being established all the time, the idea of library as a collective space for written books is less and less relevant in modern times. So much information can be easily found online and the pace of new knowledge and information is way ahead of books being written and published. The role of library being the space to enlighten and inspire is getting more and more prominent. To achieve such a goal, Shelf Library is designed to form space that’s “light & light”, light weight and naturally bright. Circle is chosen as the basic element to define space. The round shape is a metaphor for equality, as in terms of knowledge and learning, enlightenment and inspiration, everyone is equal. To create a light & light space as well as maximizing the use of a small site, traditional load bearing columns are deconstructed into structural circular shelves. Consisted of numerous fins

书架图书馆

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shelf library


spatial sketch matrix

书架图书馆

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and hoops, these circular shelves not only define interior spaces, but also are the vertical structures of the building. Since the stacks are the major load of the library, this structural system also has a very high load bearing efficiency, as the load of stacks are transferred vertically through the shelves, without the need to be transferred through floors and beams otherwise. The round shape of the stacks allows forces to be distributed evenly to avoid weak spots. All 10 circles are closed and opened differently at different floors to create a variety of spaces within a small site. Since all the circular shelves are structural, there is a strategic overlapping in any neighboring floors for any circle to ensure the strength and stability of the building. Some of the circles are cut out at certain floors to create double or triple height spaces, so that the experience of the library is less layering but more cohesive. As a result, on most floors, there are closed reading rooms of offices surrounded by large open spaces. It creates a place where individual studying and inspiring conversations can coexist in peace.

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shelf library


F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8

structure plans

The frame of the floors are systems of beams that includes the 10 circular beams consistent with the 10 circles. The patterns of the beams are visible on every floor. Not only do the shelves and beams construct an intricate structural system, but they also echo each other to make the library a whole. The roof is designed as an outdoor space for reading as well as other activities, and all the shelves extend above the roof. These 10 “web columns” also serves as light wells to allow sunlight to come down and lighten up and library. The round shape is a symbol for “sky” or “heaven” in traditional Chinese architecture. The introduction of sky light through the circular shelves is both functional and spiritual. The library starts at 2nd floor as there is no envelope on the ground floor. The ground floor is left as outdoor open space, an extension of Albee Square that’s in front of the library. Some of the circular shelves contain newspaper stands and coffee

书架图书馆

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frame structure

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shelf library


书架图书馆

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G

F2

F5

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F6

shelf library


F3

F4

F7

F8 floor plans

书架图书馆

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interior view on F2


interior view on F7


shops to serve the community. As a result, the library is “floating” above a public square, making it an extension of public engagement itself to an extent. Shelf library has sufficient nature light in the daytime as light penetrate through the library horizontally and vertically. The high efficiency of the structural system can lower the weight of the building tremendously. With light coming through the very thin fins, it creates an visual illusion that the fins are even thinners than they are, offering a truly “light & light” experience inside.

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shelf library


书架图书馆

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CHARACTER HOUSING 字宅 Collaborated with Xinran Ye 2016


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character housing


字宅

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character housing


字宅

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unit type A

unit type B

garden

unit type C

unit type D

bridge

When we rethink about the typical apartment buildings in New York, we spot something strange. The main shared space in a typical building is for circulation, like the lobby, corridor, stairs and elevators. This type of space connects the apartments but does not connect the people in the building. People living in the same building are mostly strangers. Some buildings are very lucky to have yards, but no one use them. It’s awkward to start a conversation with strangers. We are left with a situation that in a densely packed city like New York, people are forced to be physically close but remain emotionally distant. The site for this project locates in southern Bronx, occupying 3 neighboring blocks at the intersection of Grand Concourse and 144 St. Traditionally an under developed part of New York City, this area witnessed great development in recent years. With the proximity of Manhattan and Harlem river and the adjacency of a community college, this neighborhood is a combination of convenience and good price. It attracts people like young artists, entrepreneurs and students. These people are creative

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character housing


字宅

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character housing


template floor plan A (F2, F5, F6, F9)

template floor plan B (F3, F4, F7, F8)

字厅

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circulation diagram

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character housing


字宅

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ĺ?¤ A B

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character housing

unit type distribution in typical plans


and innovative. They are eager to communicate and get inspired. These are the people that this project is designed for. The task here is how to deliver interpersonal communication through architectural connections. So, the target tenants, what do these people need? Whether a young artist with a YouTube channel or an entrepreneur with a growing business, they need a place to live as well as a place to work. Since they cannot afford a large space to use for work, how to achieve a work space without dividing the already small space is key to design the units. Chinese characters are the main inspiration for the design of units. Unlike letters, Chinese characters delivers meanings individually. As the basic element of a hieroglyphic language, every Chinese character is an image itself. In most cases, a character consists of different parts and every part has an individual meaning. So the character delivers a combined meaning of all parts. From the origin and evolution of the Chinese language, it is clear that there is an intricate structure and balance within every

字厅

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ĺ?œ ĺź“ A B

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character housing

unit type distribution in typical plans


single character. The structure of the characters will be translated in the structures of buildings. And the balance of openness and closeness within the characters is key to resolve the spatial needs within every unit. The three blocks (west, middle, east) are connected to create a neighborhood. The shape of the buildings are inspired by the Chinese character 弓(gōng), meaning bow. It looks like a flying dragon, and is adopted here to indicate an elaborate connection meandering through the neighborhood. Depending on the direction the “dragon” flies, there are 2 basic shapes, forming the 2 typical floor plans. Each typical floor plan repeat 4 times and stack up to form the buildings. Adjusted for circulation and sun light, the floor are stacked in an “ABBA” order and repeat once more. There are 4 unit types designed for this project to satisfy the from different people, 2 single-floor types and 2 duplex types. Different Chinese characters, like 古(gŭ),弓(gōng),卜(bŭ),匚(fāng) are used to inspire the design of the space. Traditional

字宅

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ĺź“ A B

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character housing

unit type distribution in typical plans


apartment types like studio, one-bedroom and two-bedrooms are discarded. The differences between different types are size, and characters. Open floor plan, which is usually a feature in high end luxury apartments, is now introduced in the small units as well. With the openness of walls and the blurred boundaries between rooms, the apartments bring more sunlight and leave the flexibility of the space to the tenants. The continuous space offers a smooth transition from living space to work space. With the solid boundaries to divide an already small space, the tenants get to multitask in the larger free space, achieving the “unachievable” “living large” in a small space. The shared space makes this neighborhood both a garden city and a community center. Traditional circulation space like the corridor and stairs are cleverly incorporated into the gardens and platforms. The shared space is no longer a “cold” zone where no one wants to stop and stay. There are 2 concentrated elevated gardens on both west end and east end, offering freshness

字宅

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ĺź“ ĺŒš A B

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character housing

unit type distribution in typical plans


and attraction for tenants to gather, relax and communicate. Besides the spread outdoor space, the entire ground floor is left for collective use. Parking lot, gym, meeting room and library are all open to the tenants and are all located on the ground floor. Housing starts at the second floor. In order to return the ground to the tenants, all three blocks are connected on the second floor as if the ground is “elevated”. On the new ground, there are running tracks and green space. People are moved around freely, without the interruption of traffic, safe and protected. The characters generates the vertical structures of the building, extending and cantilevering another beam system. Through the glass facade, the characters are visible. This inspiration from the Chinese language, is an euphemism that communication is what makes a group of people a community. The essence of Character Housing is to inspire and innovate.

字宅

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character housing


template structure plan A (F2, F5, F6, F9)

template structure plan B (F3, F4, F7, F8)

字厅

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character housing


字宅

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character housing


字宅

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OPEN WATER SCHOOL 亲水学校 2017


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character housing


字宅

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UP

UP

DOWN


a b

a. floor plan G

b. exterior view G

This project is set to reiterate the concept of modern education on an urban scale. Education is traditionally conceived as taking classes from a public recognized school. As the internet starts to change more and more people’s lives, information becomes more and more easily accessible and education is no longer an activity exclusive in the classrooms. For local residents, the city is the largest educational institution. People learn as they live. When cities are regarded as giant knowledge treasure boxes, their own traits, like geography and history, are always indicators of what the cities are trying to teach people. To combine nature and education on an urban scale is what this project is inspired to do. One of the most prominent natural relations of New York City is its relation with water. Water has always been a vital part of urban life for New Yorkers. The Dutch found New Amsterdam (New York) because of water (Atlantic Ocean and Hudson

亲水学校

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DOWN

DOWN


a b

a. floor plan B2

b. interior view B2

River). Iconic engineering projects like Brooklyn Bridge and Washington Bridge were inspired by water (East River and Hudson River). With Manhattan surrounded by Hudson River, East and Harlem River, people are forced to create limitless wonders within a limited piece of land. This is New York. Water connects more than it separates. Water inspired more than it confines. Inspired by the Open Air School movement in the 20th century, Open Water School explores and expands human interaction with water in different ways. It is not a conventional school that teaches through classes, but rather an interpretation center that informs through experience. The chosen site is Riverbank State Park, by the Hudson River. The park was built over the North River Wastewater Treatment Plant, which processes between 125 to 340 million gallons of wastewater every day, covering the entire west side of Manhattan. The 28 acre rooftop park has the largest green roof in New York City, besides having an Olympic size soccer field and an Olympic size indoor swimming pool. Having one of the most

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DOWN

DOWN


a b

a. floor plan B3

b. interior view B3

heavily visited parks of New York and one of the largest sewage treatment facility of the city, the site already offers a lot of interesting urban conditions ready to be enhanced by Open Water School. Open Water School sets on the northwestern corner of Riverbank State Park and North River Wastewater Treatment Plant to create a further proximity to the Hudson River. The round shape is chosen as the main spatial design element to resemble bubbles and water drops. The plans of Open Water School suggests a “water within water” vibe. There are 2 floors of outdoor space above the school as an extension and compensation of the original park. This is a good place to be for a relaxing afternoon looking over the river. The original space for the school in the sewage plant is mainly circulation. Now it’s being opened up to the school so that students and visitors can have a clear view of how wastewater is being processed, a process that is important to a functional urban life. There are also lectures and exhibitions held in the school

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about water treatment to demonstrate water’s “journey” circulating through the city. Some of the round spaces are used as giant water tanks with glass walls to exhibit river creatures or to use as diving spaces while interacting with people outside the tank. Water will come up into the school at different levels in different places. There are also both indoor and outdoor pools for people to relax and for kids to play in. Open Water School is designed to enhance New Yorkers’ interaction with water through experience, and through experience, to educate.

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open water school


亲水学校

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BREATHING CORNER 呼吸角 2015


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character housing


字宅

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What can a busy street corner offer? Can a street corner react to the time of the day? This project selects the busy New York street corner and transform it into a space that “breathes” with the time of the day. As the subway becomes a more and more important part of urban life, subway entrances takes more and more public land. There are over 400 subway stations in New York and every station has multiply entrances. The MTA recently released plans to close multiple lines at night to allow renovation. So how can the subway return the space of the entrances to the public when the it is not running? Besides, New York is the only city in the world so far that offers 24 hr subway service. For all the other cities, it is getting more and more urgent to use every inch of public space to its full potential as cities are more and more densely populated. Office buildings are the main composition in busy cities. These “concrete boxes” or “glass boxes” basically lock people in-

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breathing corner


side during the day and do not allow a hint interaction of outside. To break the singularity of a space being either “inside” or “outside”, the facade is the key. To achieve convertible space is a task for modern cities, not just outside in, but also inside out. Breathing corner is an attempt to solve the said tasks through designing. The corner consists of two interactive foldable structures. The lower part folds and opens up as a subway entrance when the subway is running. The pointy triangular shape stands out from surrounding buildings and is a clear indication of the entrance. When the subway stops running at night, the lower part closes down and return the space to the public. The subway entrance completely disappears. The upper part is the facade of a building. When needed, it can fold and opens up the facade to break the boundary and transform the space from inside out.Both parts of can be interactive with the time of the day or controlled manually when needed. As both parts breathes throughout the day, it transforms a typical street corner and thus transforms urban life.

呼吸角

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breathing corner


breathing corner throughout the day

呼吸角

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VIEW MUSEUM 目景博物馆 2015


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character housing


字宅

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character housing


When comparing the east side to the west side of Manhattan, we see a clear distinction in terms of piers and the development of the nearby neighborhoods. There are way more piers on the west side and Hudson riverside is full of traditional rich neighborhoods. With parks, playgrounds, museums and even schools spread along Hudson riverside, the river reinvented and elevated the life on the west side. Even with west highway running by the river, it still does not affect people’s access to Hudson river at all. It almost feels like the west highway somehow found a perfect route to go through without people noticing it. The east side is under a similar environmental context with a similar planning, but it is a different story. There are way less piers and the coast line pretty much remains the natural and unwelcoming way. The FDR highway acts as a barrier for people to go to East River, as if the natural boundary between land and water is not noticeable enough. Without an effort to make East River more accessible, East River was left forgotten. But as Manhattan gets more and more

目景博物馆

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interior view on water level

saturated, the East River starts to catch people’s attention. Instead of copying what worked for the Hudson River, East River should bring what it has to offer. It is the centre of New York City. The two sides of East River offer very different lifestyles within one city. All the marks left by history makes East River a museum itself. View Museum is designed to bring that out. Located on the East Riverside Park, View Museum is a linear glass “tube” that goes above and under water, showing Manhattan, Queens and Brooklyn. Instead of appreciating artworks in a conventional museum, View Museum sees city views and lifestyles as collective artwork made by generations. It is there to honor man and history.

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view museum


目景博物馆

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œj

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LOST RHYTHMS 韵律拾遗 2015 - 2018


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in


里

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pretty gentlemen


美绅士

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pretty gentlemen


美绅士

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new york lines


纽约之线

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new york lines


纽约之线

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aged glory


历史荣耀

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aged glory


历史荣耀

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Rhetoric Rhythm  

Columbia University Architecture Portfolio

Rhetoric Rhythm  

Columbia University Architecture Portfolio

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