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Crusades, Relics & Corruption Late Medieval Age 1000-1500 Decline and Reform

Papal & Monastic Corruption!!

Timeline – Late Medieval 1073

1095

1054

1209 1215

1305

1378

1455

Problems: Hildebrand

Papal Schism

First Crusade

Pope: Gregory VII St. Francis

The Great Schism

Babylonian Captivity

- Power - Sex - Money

St. Dominic

Gutenberg Bible

Background: Problem • Feudalism: – Lord/King/Emperor… – Grant secular & spiritual authority – Violence/Knights = more land = more power!

Problems in the Church • Abuses – Marriage of Clergy • Hereditary caste

– Monastic wealth • Greed

– Simony • Buy and selling of church offices

– Investitures** • Appointment of clergy by secular authority

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Investitures • Latin – “dress/robe” • Symbols of secular or spiritual power? – land – political power

INVESTITURES CONTROVERSY • Lords = – Abbots, Bishops

• Emperor/Nobles = – Pope

Solution? Hildrebrand “Pope Gregory VII”

PROBLEM?

Hildrebrand “Pope Gregory VII”

Church needs to Takes Control •Problems:

• Solution: – Clergy appointed by POPE only! – Separation of church and state powers – State: not happy!!!

•Feuding: • Nation States • Lords •Violence • Knights against poor… •Greed: Everyone!

Reasons for Crusade • Power struggle between Henry IV & Pope Urban II • Redirect greed, violence, and anger = Muslims • Spiritual: Protect the Holy Lands

Background: “Great Schism” • To many differences: – Theological – Political – Cultural.

• “Great Schism” – 1054 mutual excommunication – Pope & Patriarch

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Motivations?

1095: Urban Calls – 1st Crusade • Secular – Fame – Greed

• Spiritual – Forgiveness • No PURGATORY • No Hell

– Holy Lands

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Crusades & Corruption #12  

– Lord/King/Emperor… – Grant secular & spiritual authority – Violence/Knights = more land = more power! 1 • Feudalism: • Abuses – Monast...