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Genre

Acts: Backgrounds •Genre: •Author: •Date: •Major Themes:

• Epistle… • Historical Narrative • Letter to Theophilus • Historical narrative • THEOLOGICAL HISTORY!

Theological History • Secular History… – Focuses on events

• Theological history – Divine meaning of events. – Learn: God, humanity and relationship between the two.

External Evidence • Tradition… – Muratorian Canon (AD 170) – Eusebius (AD 325)

Author: Evidence • Luke? • External • Internal

External Evidences • Tradition… – Why lie? – Luke = insignificant character

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Internal Evidences • Similarities: Gospel & Acts ƒ Dedication to Theophilus ƒ Vocabulary and Style ƒ Most cultured Greek in NT

Who was this Man? ¾Little is know about him. ¾Gentile convert. ¾From Antioch.

Who was this Man? • Disciple of Jesus • Evangelist!!

Internal Evidence • Medical knowledge. – Luke was a physician • “We” narratives. – 16:10-18, 20:5-15, 21:1-18 – Traveling partner with Paul. (2 Tim 4:11)

Who is this man? • Paul’s Loyal friend! – “our dear friend Luke, the doctor.” Col. 4:14 – Stayed with Paul in prison in Rome- 2 Tim 4:11

Date • Acts records events up the early 60’s. • No record of these significant events. – Burning of Rome = Persecution (AD 64) – Martyrdom of Peter and Paul ( AD 67) – The destruction of the temple. (AD 70)

Conclusion: AD 63

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Purpose ¾Evangelism: •Good news of the resurrected King and His Kingdom!

Witness to who? ¾Theophilus: • “Friend of God” or “loved by God.” • “Most excellent” – • high governmental official. (Luke 1:3)

¾Others: ¾Readers….especially Gentiles

Purpose ¾Luke = first church historian. ¾“Having carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I also have decided to write a careful account for you, most honorable Theophilus, so you can be certain of the truth of everything you were taught.” Luke 1:3

Minor Themes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Community Old Testament Prayer Breaking human barriers Suffering for Christ Sovereignty of God Response to gospel

Two Main Themes • Acts 1:8, “The Holy Spirit will come about you and you will be my witnesses…”

Holy Spirit Witnesses

Book Outline • Acts 1:8 –“You will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and Samaria, and the ends of the earth.”

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Acts Backgrounds - Class #2  

•Genre: •Author: •Date: •Major Themes: – Muratorian Canon (AD 170) – Eusebius (AD 325) • Tradition… • Luke? – Divine meaning of events. – Le...

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