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The Creviced City Design Report

Rickie Cheung (s0820712) David Clark (s0821317) Integrated Pathway, M.Arch, 2013-2014


tempering Baixa through fissuration

Gilding Baixa


PART 6 : Gilding Baixa The resulting design proposition represents the culmination of the design thesis inquiry. The positions, attitudes and ideas outlined are all threads that intertwine into this. This design proposition has its own morphology of shifts and fluxes; the product of many developments and re-approachings. As obvious from the initial chapters, the project aims to reinforce and reactivate Baixa, that is suffering the effects of post-industrial entropy; unemployment, urban degradation. The introduction of key administrative, infrastructural, artisan and community support programmes, act as catalysts for change and renewal; forging a set of spaces that are civic, open and reciprocating yet apart, private and productive. A sequence unfolds, whereby the fragments of processes from the previous chapter slip into the prominent ‘mouth’ of the city; Praça do Commerçio. The square is drawn out as a site of evidenced past dynamics; human and natural occupations; from the everyday to the sublime. Here the Guildhall is etched, carved, cast and anchored into the site, acting as an armature for a further archipelago of architectural testings at different scales in back into the fabric of Baixa. The building of the Guildhall is conceived as having administrative and civic responsibilities. Providing spaces for flow, stoppages, exchanges, interchanges, production, responsibility, the Guildhall is an architecture that celebrates the fecundity and sublimity of its site, its materiality and its form.

- 73 -


Economic context

Gilding Baixa A

s Portugal suffers from the global recession and the echoes of the political and economic development trajectories of many post industrial places in Europe, the Baixa area today is predominantly occupied by tourist and commercial uses. Derelict buildings scattered around the Baixa area are abundant. The aim of this thesis is to re-appropriate and to inject new programs that will revitalise Baixa’s sense of neighbourhood and community. These programmes are partially derived from those which existed prior to the event of 1755, as well prompted by the intentions of Pombal’s post earthquake regeneration master-plan to create a mercantile centre to the city and Portugal’s wider economy. In terms of the effects on wider economic issues, this thesis puts forward impacts on several terms, effecting macro, local and regional economic issues: a/ guildhall: an assembly space for members of the local guild and commodity exchange. b/ market place / commodity exchange: local market place in the prominent Praça do Commercio; providing the space and facilities for locals and tourists to interact with local traders; a commodity exchange in Praça do Commercio (historically the site of Lisbon’s stock exchange), for the trade and exchange of local commodities and derivatives products. c/ concourse/ transportation interchange: a new entry into the city, landscaping and architectural elements which guides users into Baixa and the city beyond through an intergrated public transport system. d/ artisan workshops: provide the space for metal workers and contemporary artists to work in the city centre, around a hub of related trades, public services and thus a supported environment. e/ renewed accommodation: re-structuring current built fabric to suit contemporary and future living circumstances to accommodate afford wider demographic occupation (relieving the current stagnation caused by the ageing population who are dominant due to historic local legislative measures).

Terreiro do Paco (current Praça do Comércio) 1650 Public square. a place of trading, the happening of ‘everyday ‘


dereliction, unemployment, ruins, vandalism

- 75 -


tempering Baixa through fissuration

Gilding Baixa

Tremulous city, Edinburgh excursus DC

FIELD DRAWING 1 pre 1755 earthquake

Bridging through crevicing

mapping unsure ground: tracing force and speed laser engraving on layers of recycled newsprint

The laser cutter allowed the field drawing to be drawn with a high degree of accuracy, yet incurred machine mis-calibration, which shifted the laser’s trajectory. The consequence of thiskey historic route identified pombal grid overlayed series of engravings was the mining of the layered surface, revealing depths and fragilities, and dispersing fractured -5pieces across the field.


merging identified seam

invented site / creviced site

Inhabiting fissures, Edinburgh excursus RC - 77 -


Entry into the city

Guildhall

approaching Baixa from Tagus


- 79 -


Investigation / invention

Guildhall

Praça do Comércio analysis

estuary edges

Dock + Harbour

Military Use

Pedestrian Flow

Recreational Use

Commercial Use

Carpark Use

Underground Metro Flow

Landscaping Features (2)

Tram Flow

Landscaping Features (1)

Praça do Comércio analysis

occupancy vs time study


Anthropocene tracings : articulated actions of the everyday helped inform the propositon into the square

- 81 -


Guildhall

Guild hall development process

c o n f l a t i o n c o n f l a t i o n o f c o n f l a t i o n

s c a l e s

s c a l e s o f s c a l e s

1:500 conveyed by 1:500 trees and cars between buildings conveyed by trees and cars between buildings

1:500 conveyed by trees and cars between buildings

1:50 illustrated with the figure of King John IV of Portugal & the Algarves

Axonometric photograph

1:50 Axonometric photograph 1:50 Axonometric photograph illustrated with the figure of King John IV of Portugal & the Algarves illustrated with the figure of King John IV of Portugal & the Algarves

figured surface / interactive elements figured surface / interactive elements

conceptual sketches + thought processes

o f

figured surface / interactive elements

shadow gap / aperture

/ insertion

s h a d o w Ang investigation a p / a p eand r t uproposition re / i ofn architectural s e r t i o n dissolving

shadow gap / aperture

/ insertion

at the micro and macro scales; through the interplay between animation, drawing and mixed modes of presentation.

p r o p

/

b u t t r e s s

p r o p

/

/

s u p p o r

b u t t r e s s

/

s

Zoom in to develop the architectural language to a more sophisticated level, with a high degree of resolution. Drawing out and analysing, reflecting on found and made complexities: spatial / environmental / material forms. c l a s p

/

j o i n

c l a s p

/

/

e n c l o s e

j o i n

/

e n c l o s e

c l a s p

Tectonic Explorations index of material and immaterial constructions Tectonic Explorations index of material and immaterial constructions

Tectonic Explorations index of material and immaterial constructions

RC + DC

Working drawings + models + making + processes

/

j


h

t

u p p o r t

j o i n

/

p r o p

/

b u t t r e s s

/

s u p p o r t

e n c l o s e

- 83 -


Guild hall development process

Guildhall


- 85 -


an intimate space, Alfama

Guild hall development process

Guildhall


an intimate space, Guild Hall

- 87 -


Guild hall development process

Guildhall


B

A

C

C

market stalls

new route to tram + bus stops

Ramp up to Rua Augusta

new public space

existing staircase

new metro entrance & concourse (below ground level)

B

A

existing pedestrian flow from ferry terminal (Ground Level)

Proposed square layout derrived from edges and movements extracted from ‘Anthropocene tracings’ drawing.

- 89 -


tempering Baixa through fissuration

Guildhall


elevador SĂŠ de Lisboa

tramline interchange

guild hall + market square

Metro (subterranean approach)

Ferry (estuary approach) - 91 -


Guild Hall

Guildhall

Sequence of movement through new square choreography around square, vistas from surrounding streets

approach from subterranean level (metro) through concourse to marketplace under building

Section A

sectional studies

Section B

Section C


isometric view

- 93 -


Guildhall

proposition model construction sequence

preparing the ground [cut / excavate / retain ]

north elevation

insert primary thick structures

south elevation

east elevation


insert secondary thin structures

lightweight cladding

west elevation

hung / propped debating chamber

sequence completion

- 95 -


Guild Hall spatial arrangement

Guildhall

15. 11

key 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

guild hall entrance reception gallery guild administration offices public viewing tower public market + vendor space public square basement gallery washroom facilities seismic moat + base isolation foundations terrace commodity exchange space debating chamber public viewing platform head of guild office access from metro station

13.

13. 14.

12.

3/F - debating chamber level

15. 12.

11. 8.

4.

6. 8.

long section (north to south)1:100

7.


1.

4.

9.

2.

10.

5.

3.

11

6.

6.

ground floor / concorse level

8.

6.

6.

7.

7.

16.

16. basement / subterranean level

- 97 -


programme:

Guildhall

public market + vendor space programme: An open public space which is accessible by tourists and the local community. Compartmentalised and adaptable spaces are provided in order to encourage the local community to promote the trading of local crafts and produce. This area becomes a place of gathering, interchanging and conversing.

precedents


adjacent Alfama weekend flea market

- 99 -


programme:

Guildhall

public orientation tower programme: tower for orientating to the building and the city. bridging to the administrative block, and to east wing. a structural core, with deep shear walls and seismic foundations. cast in-situ with movement joints. thick walls with inhabited spaces and circulation integrated. viewing gallery to oversee debating chamber. space for refuge during earthquake / above tsunami level.

seismic design: base isolation

seismic moat


Temporary earthquake refuge Shigeru-Ban

Queen Elizabeth Hall South Bank, London

- 101 -


programme:

Guildhall

guildhall entrance programme: Entrance to the guildhall can be accessed from Rua da Alf창ndega and Rua da Prata. all visitors and members of the guild must be registered and checked in at the ground floor reception prior to entering the premises

entrance into Guildhall

external view of entrance block

staircase leading up to upperlevels of Guildhall

external facade of gallery for experimental metalwork


public thoroughfare between blocks

commodity exchange hall

‘splendid’ public terrace

framed terraces

circulation spaces + terraces spatial qualities of circulation spaces in and around the guildhall proposition are generated by models and studies carried out in the ‘design by testing’ chapter ground floor gallery space

- 103 -


programme:

Guildhall

administration + office block programme: operational space for supporting staff for the guildhall, (including, head of guild) administrative space for Guild of metal workers, and also for associated programmes (e.g. tram coachwork repair; tram track maintainance) head of guild office located at top, facing Baixa. space for meetings. support staff offices (secretary, finance, communication / marketing) open office space for public / temporary workers. archive of trading prices in raw metal commodities and derivaties imported / exported locally and globally. base isolated from tram / road movements, and seismic possibility.

Head of the Guild’s office


Guild administration building

Interior spatial conditions

- 105 -


programme:

Guildhall

debating chamber programme: debating space for the Guild of smiths of Lisbon. seating for the Guild (100, in tiered semi - circle arrangement) podium for convenor / speaker structure / material / environment: The chamber pivots atop a field of piloti, on the middle of the building suspended over the transportation interchange and market place. It is braced by steel members attached to the concrete shear wall of the orientation tower. It’s walls are composed of a lightweight spaceframe structure, clad on the exterior with bronze sheeting. The interior is clad in the same material, apart from the lower level which is lined in mahogany. The seating is concieved of as a peel. Natural light is funneled in from the above roof light, and a large window faces north towards the city, acting as a reminder for the Guild of the responsibility and the context which they work in. Stack ventilation is made possible by the high funneled roof and the lower openings .


commodity exchange space programme: open trading floor for a commodity and derivaties exchange international and local trading, effecting local manufacturing output from makers in the city, and determining sourcing of materials for constructing in the city (at artisan and building scales)

Elev. +35'-0"

7' 6"

6' 12'-6"

11'-10"

3

8"

8'-4 3/4" 7'-4 3/4"

1

2

4

Detail

8"

5

5"

4 3

3 5

Elev. +28'-0" 11'-10"

12'-6"

debating chamber

Venetian aula; city window Spacerframe section

12'-6"

R = 959'-0"

2 2 3 6"

10'-6"

Detail

12'-6"

Elev. +39'-5"

commodity exchange space 5"

Geometrica

Elev. +28'-0"

“peeled� skin of wall becomes chair, [Asplund, G. 1920 Woodland Cemetery]

Finnish parliament seating

ÂŽ

- 107 -


Guildhall approaching Baixa from subterranean level (metro)

approaching Baixa from ground level (ferry terminal)


3.

8.

7.

6.

5.

9.

9. 2.

1. 4.

key

Sectional perspective

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

transportation interchange route public market stall space public viewing platform subterranean gallery space reading nook washroom commodity exchange guild hall debating chamber seismic moat

- 109 -


Guildhall guild hall , transport interchange concourse & market square


- 111 -


tempering Baixa through fissuration

Archipelago Propositions

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

1. Rua Áurea | Goldsmiths’ Street

2. Rua Dos Sapateiros | Cobblers’ Street

3. Rua Augusta

Augusta Street honored the King D. Joseph I

5. Rua dos Correeiros | Saddlers’

T

he rebuilding of Lisbon following the earthquake of 1755 was planned with the intent of reflecting a society in which the citizen, the merchant and the bureaucrat took precedence over the crown, church and nobility. The sense of mercantilism was furthered by the naming of streets as to encourage merchants to locate on the streets so designated; the long merchant streets connected two market squares subtly but directly made the point that this area of the city was designated for merchant activity. The thesis reconsiders the process of trading and making within Baixa through the injection of workshops and other spaces which will facilitate the contemporary practice of crafts and making. The new programs will provide and accommodate the skills and labor required to maintain the ‘everyday’ activities within the neighbourhood; sustaining the city.

New programs supporting ‘everyday’ ne bicycle repair & maintenance


’ Street

ecessities

4. Rua da Prata | Silversmiths’ Street

6. Rua dos Doudores | Gilders’ Street

7. Rua dos Fanqueiros | Cutlers’ Street

Baixa tenement balustrade drawings Source : Lisbon City Library

Lisbon street lamps elevation drawings Source : Lisbon City Library

Up keeping of existing civic properties and structures Baixa tram depot

Maintenance of tram tracks + railway t sracks surrounding Baixa is key in sustaining the ‘everyday’ movement of Lisboetas - 113 -


tempering Baixa through fissuration

Archipelago Propositions


Metalsmith workshops

Bicycle builder and workshop

Tram depot

- 115 -


Archipelago Propositions

testing.

lightwe

cutting

crevices

ll stud

gaiola

bakery / green grocer / micro brewery bakery / green grocer / micro brewery

lightwe

RC +

ll con

ditions

DC

frame

ies

study

in Lisb

on

injecting seams of gold

site plan

lamp maker + storage street lamp makerstreet + storage

testin

g. cuttin

g crevic

es

bracing lightw ell studie

workshop bakery/ / market green bakery grocer/ arcade green / micro grocer brewery / micro brewery artisan workshopartisan / market arcade

gaiola

frame

gaiola

study

frame

tions

DC

lightw ell condi

in Lisbo

n

RC +

tions

DC

ures

study

le detai

lightw ell condi

struct

s

tell-ta

RC +

existing

lightw ell studie

s

ls. new

tell-ta

le detai

insert

ions into

existing

Site

through1

Artisan Artisan proposition accommoworkshops accommoworkshops dation / renewed dation / renewed The The iden iden junction tified bloc junction tified bloc k situa k situa of Rua contains of Rua ted on contains ted on a serie Aurea + a serie Aurea + levels. leve the ls. the Rua Rua s of s of The prop Vitónew Vitória new The prop ria osition derelict osition derelict contemp programs contr emp programs floo floor seeks seeks bracing to injec to existing orar (arti which orary dwe (artisan whic struct t h will y dwelling san workinject llings ures will work transform and transform s and into into, shop shop, a a new the existlocal trad the existlocal trade) sense new plac sens plac e) e of e of neig ing ing bloc neighbo e which hbourhowhich prom block k prom urhood od with otesThe The prop within otes a in Baix a propositi Baixa. generate osition generate a. on aims aims to enco to enco strangers physical strangers physical interacti urage lisbo interacti urage and and lisbon) and n) and ons ons ‘lisb ‘lisb of thos thus stren oetas’ (peo amongst of thos thus stren oetas’ (peo amongst gthen gthen Baixa. e living Baixa. e living the relatple from the relatple from and and working ionship working ionship around around

g crevic

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section

Site 1

testin

g. cuttin

ls. new

insert

ions into

fabric

existing

fabric

in Lisbo

n

site plan

site plan

street lamp maker street lamp + storage maker + storage

section

section

throu

gh propo

throu

gh propo

sition

sition

artisan workshop artisan/ market workshop arcade / market arcade

Mura lh

public bicycle hire centre public bicycle hire centre

Accrete a [city w d betwee edges [wal alls] n Pra ls] an ça do d Comér migrated po RC+D cio & Rossio ssibilities C

Muralh

Muralh

public bicycle public hire centre bicycle hire centre

Accreted a [city wa Accreted a [city wa lls] lls] edges between edges [wall be s] tween Praça [walls] and Praça mi do Co and migrated do Co mé mérci grated possib RCrci o & Ro +Do C& Ro possibilities ilities C ssio ssio

RC+D

tram track repairtram track repair tram track repair tram track repair

bespoke bicycle workshop bespoke bicyclebespoke workshop bicycle bespoke workshop bicycle workshop public stair public / elevator stair / elevator

move

public stair / elevator tram depot + elevator/ elevated walkway

1, oblique moveprojecti 1, oblique on

move

projecti

1, oblique moveprojecti 1, oblique on

on

projecti

on

move

1, oblique

move projecti

1, oblique

on

2, oblique projecti move on 2, oblique

move

projecti

c o n f l c o a t i n f o l an t i o f o n

d by trees 1:500 and conveye cars between d by trees buildin and cars gs between

civic realm maintainance civic realm maintainance workshop workshop

s c o fa l e s cs

transportation transportation interchange interchange [ tram / bus [] tram / bus ]

c o n f l a t i o n

o f

s c a l e s

o f

move projecti

red

sur fac figu e / int red era sur ctiv fac e el e / eme int nts era ctiv e el e

buildin gs 1:50 1:500 1:500 illustrat ed with ed with conveye conveye 1:50 1:50 the the d by trees d by trees illustrafigure of King illustrafigure of King and cars and cars ted with ted with John John betwee betwee the figure IV of Portuga the figure IV of Portuga n buildin n buildin of King of King l l gs gs John IV& the Algarve John IV& the Algarve of Portuga s of Portuga s Axonom Axonom l & the l & the etric etric photog photog Algarve Algarve 1:50 1:50 s s Axonomraph Axonomraph illustra illustra etric etric ted with ted with photog photog the figure the figure raph raph

figu

men

John IV

of Portug

al &

red

ts

sur fac figu e / int red era sur ctiv fac e el e / eme int nts era ctiv e el e

figu

civic realm maintainance workshop

red

.

g and

transportation interchange transportation interchange [ tram /[ tram bus/ ]bus ] Guildhall

sur

fac

c o n f l c o a t i n f o l an t i o f o n

the Algarv es

of King

John IV

of Portug

al &

Axono

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the Algarv es

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the mixed interplay modes of

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RC +

Tecton index ic Explorations of materi al and immat Tecton erial index ic Explorations constru of materi ctions al and immat erial constru

c l a s p

/ j o i n c l a s p /

ctions

DC Tecton index ic Explorations of materi al and immat

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/

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sur fac figu e / int red era sur ctiv fac e el e / eme int nts era ctiv e el e

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convey with 1:50 the figur e of King illustrated with the Joh figur

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Tecton index ic Explorations of materi al and immat constr

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Zoom Zoom in in sophist to develop sophist to develop the archite the archite icated icated level, level, ctural ctural with a with a high degree language high degree language Drawi Drawi to to ng out ng out of resolut a more of resolut a more and analys and analys compl compl ion. ion. exities exities ing, reflecti ing, reflecti : spatial : spatial / enviro / enviro ng on ng on found found nment nment al / materi and made al / materi and made al forms. al forms.

Tecton index ic Explorations of materi al and immat Tecton erial index ic Explorations constru of materi ctions al and immat erial constru

DC

s c o fa l e s cs

Axono

raph

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sheet metal storeage sheet metal storeage

2, oblique

s c a l e s

1:50 illustrat

civic realm maintainance workshop Guildhall Guildhall

sheet metal storeage sheet metal storage

2, oblique

on

s c o fa l e s

s c a l c o e s n f l a t i o n

d by trees 1:500 and conveye cars between d by trees buildin and cars gs between

buildin

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on

move

c o n f l c o a t i n f o l an t i o f o n

a l e s

projecti

1:500 conveye

of King

transportation transportation interchange interchange [ ferry / metro [ ferry ] / metro ]

2, oblique projecti move on 2, oblique

on

1:500 conveye

Guildhall

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Tectonic Expl index of mate orations rial and Tectonic immateri al cons Expl index truct of mate orations ions rial and immateri al cons

c l a s p

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transportation interchange / metro interchange [ ferry /[ ferry metro ]]

s

RC +

DC Tectonic Exp index of mat lorations erial and imm

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Gilding strategy seams of gold connected above below ground; gilding strategy for bracing, supporting, reinforcing Baixa

- 117 -


gliding through the city

Archipelago Propositions

Carving through Baixa on a bike photos credit : http://szymonbike.tumblr.com


- 119 -


Bicycle maker’s workshop

Archipelago Propositions

ground floor cafeteria

T

he introduction of workshop spaces into Baixa will help facilitate the making and repair of ‘everyday’ tools and objects required by the local community. The proposition of a bicycle workshop will help maintain the cyclist community in Baixa and also providing customly crafted bicycles for one off productions.

police patrolling Praca do Comercio on bicycles

ground floor repair and maintenance


- 121 -


Bicycle maker’s workshop

Archipelago Propositions

bicycle frame building jig

mapping gestures of the jig


key 1. access from rua da Conceição 2. cafe + public space 3. coffee bar 4. bicycle repair + servicing area 5. cutting + mitring 6. welding + jig 7. painting 8. material storage 9. final assembly

cross section

steel tubing

long section

2.

mitring

1.

3.

9.

5. welding

6. 8.

7. 4.

painting

8.

ground floor

first floor

bicycle making sequence

- 123 -


6.

5.

Bicycle maker’s workshop

Archipelago Propositions

7.

8.

3.

4.

9.

8.

2.

1.

Bicycle Maker Workshop + Cafe Axonometric

key 1. access from rua da Conceição 2. cafe + public space 3. coffee bar 4. bicycle repair + servicing area 5. cutting + mitring 6. welding + jig 7. painting 8. material storage 9. final assembly


first floor custom bicycle production area

- 125 -


Contruction study model @ 1:100 Bicycle maker’s workshop

Archipelago Propositions


- 127 -


1901

Evolution of Lisbon Trams

Archipelago Propositions


2014

- 129 -


Tram Depot

Archipelago Propositions

depot entry

tram repair

T

he maintenance and up keeping of traditional and modern tram cars used in Lisbon today are fundamental in supporting Baixa’s transportation links with its peripheral areas (e.g. Alcantara, Belém) on a daily basis. This enables Lisboetas to commute on their daily journeys to perform their ‘everyday’ activities.

key

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

tram repair area + turntable material + tools storage washroom + changing facilities exterior courtyard staircase access to depot manager office above depot manager office elevator + staircase access to elevated walkway

4.

5.

3.

1.

2.

Tram depot plan - 130 -

elevated walkway t De Se catherdral 7.


to

tram returns to service

- 131 -


Tram Depot

Archipelago Propositions

key

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

tram repair area + turntable material + tools storage washroom + changing facilities exterior courtyard staircase access to depot manager office above depot manager office elevator + staircase access to elevated walkway

6.

1.

section

7.


depot manager office level

elevated walkway to De Se catherdral

exploded axonometric

- 133 -


Tram Depot

Archipelago Propositions

Contruction study model @ 1:100

Pinned base foundation will accommodate base movement in event of earthquake


Bolted connections preferred to enhance seismic resistant performance

- 135 -


Thesis Exhibition

Archipelago Propositions


Thesis exhibition. Sculpture Court. Edinburgh College of Art


statement

Conclusion

PART 7 : Conclusions To summarise, this thesis sets out reading Lisbon as a city on rich territory, and by means of a critique of the city as civic. A reading of the large open space of Baixa / Tagus generated definitions and boundaries of landscape/city/architecture/urban/ecological-geological. This threaded ways of reconfiguring and re-framing the ‘mouth’ of the Baixa; a more evidenced site of past dynamics; of its human and natural occupations; from the everyday to the sublime (celebratory processional entry/ earthquake/ tsunami). The historical tremor of 1755, and the probability of a future earthquake, removes certainties on the definition of ground in the city, and Baixa is rendered complex - chaotic. Through conceiving Lisbon as a ‘creviced city’, the supposedly solid geo-urbanity is reconsidered as a ambiguous ground in flux, holding the potentiality for moments of opening, opportunities to cut, and therefore insert, prop, traverse or occupy; create a distinct architecture in itself. Posing consideration for what practices of “conservation” and “regeneration” mean in the context of Lisbon - Baixa, the thesis finds that architecture and its programmes should function as to reinforce accepted preconceptions and conventions, but provide an experience of dislocation, uncertainty and learn how to invent and propose meaningfully in settings of ambiguity and flux. The proposed architectures embrace the sublime and everyday by working at many scales, in order to contrive to invent, consolidate and comprehend. The Guildhall is posited at the mouth of the city, and at the beginning of an armature that reinforces the city at the scales of both (re)construction and infrastructure. The programmes and further architectures invented are drawn out to (re)locate the scale of the civic, in the public space of the transportation interchange; the administrative space of the Guildhall; the spaces for everyday contemporary crafts of tram and bicycle workshops. The creviced city and its architectures are renewed and sustained by gilding the city.


1:100 propositional model -

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Bibliography

Conclusion

Collage City

The Transparent City

The Practice of Everyday Life

by Colin Rowe and Fred Koetter

by Gianni Vattimo

by Michel de Certeau

memorable streets stabilisers potentially interminable set pieces splendid public terraces ambiguous and composite buildings nostalgia producing instruments the garden

No-stop City

The City of the Captive Globe

Archizoom. 1969

Rem Koolhaas. 1972

Wiesbaden figure/ ground drawing Colin Rowe. 1910

Green Archipelago, Berlin O.M. Ungers. 1977

Baixa as Archipelago drawing hung in situ


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Master of Architecture

(2012-2014)

Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture University of Edinburgh


END

Peter Wilson Review David Clark + Rickie Cheung

Simpson Visiting Critic,

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Design report rc dc vol 2