Hanover Review Inc. P.O. Box 343 Hanover NH, 03755
Volu m e 3 7 , Is su e 10
Mond ay, O c tob er 3 0 , 2 0 1 7
ALL HANLON’S EVE
PUMPKINS along the fence facilitate the Halloween spirit
Image courtesy of Robert Gill & Dartmouth News
A First-Hand Opinion on Hanover’s the Homecoming Protests Businesses Anonymous Contributor
Editor’s note: This article was submitted by a member of Dartmouth’s DACA community, who wishes to remain anonymous in order to avoid potentially negative responses to his opinions. A few days before Homecoming and the running of the fire, a series of red and white posters with clear-cut demands from the administration popped up around campus. The authors of these demands identified themselves as members of the undocumented/ DACA community on our campus. The group passionately demanded the following points from the administration, while shaming President Han-
lon’s response to DACA being rescinded and future actions. As a member of the DACA community, I find that these individuals have unintentionally forgotten their roots and the complexity of our situation. We need to remember we are neither from here nor from there, no matter the age we came to the United States. While I in no way wish to undermine the activists’ efforts and activism as a whole, the way this protest went about, along with the written demands, had visible flaws that I feel need to be acknowledged. Here I will be quoting and expressing my opinion based on some of the demands: “Declare, along with safety and security, that
Dartmouth will not cooperate with immigration and customs enforcement (ICE) in localizing and detaining students.” This demand seems out of place, keeping in mind that when DACA was rescinded, the College’s email response was extremely appropriate and sensitive to the situation. In this email sent out to the entire campus, President Hanlon’s words were of support and grievance for the loss of the program and how its recipients would be affected. Hanlon’s response began with “I am deeply disappointed...” in President Trump’s decision to rescind DACA. He followed with reinforcing his and the College’s support for the students. The next line has been
confusing for some in the community and outside of it: “…We will do everything in our power, within the bounds of the law, to support these members of our campus community.” The College will not hand out information to any government agency, within the bounds of the law. However, neither President Hanlon, the administration, nor SNS officers will stand in the way of a court-ordered warrant. Conversely, if ICE were to show up demanding information of students on this campus, with no warrant, the College would not freely hand it out. Hanlon’s response was accurate and enforced actions he could take within the bounds of the law.
> FEATURES PAGE 11
Rachel T. Gambee
On October 29th, Forbes announced that Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Amazon, has become the richest man in the world. Bezon outstripped the former financial king, Bill Gates, when he made ten billion dollars over the course of a single day last week - putting his net worth at a staggering 93.8 billion dollars. Bezos has frequently stated that when he founded Amazon, no one thought it would go anywhere. His critics, and even his own wife, believed that shoppers would never give up personal interactions in bookstores to buy books online. Now Amazon is the largest online retailer in the world, and certain-
ly not of just books. Amazon ships almost any item imaginable to over 100 countries worldwide. Perhaps the most shocking statistic for the company is that it has been estimated that over 50% of all Google searches immediately reroute to an Amazon item page. For millennials — who use Amazon at more than twice the rate of baby boomers — this company is not merely an online retailer, but it is also a defining aspect navigating the commercial world. Bizos doesn’t just sell the millions of products available on Amazon; rather, he sells convenience — something Dartmouth students are only too willing to buy it.
> FEATURES PAGE 6
THE DANGER OF STAGNANCY, PART II
HAVE YOU NO HONOR?
A REVIEW OF FERGUSON
Editor-in-Chief Jack F. Mourouzis continues to explore the many issues plaguing the administration
The Review examines the College’s long-standing honor code with a critical eye
News Editor Devon Kurtz reflects on his experience with the controversial production
> EDITORIAL PAGE 3
> FEATURES PAGE 8
> FEATURES PAGE 9
2 Monday – October 30, 2017
The Dartmouth Review
TABLE OF CONTENTS
For thirty-five years, The Dartmouth Review has been the College’s only independent newspaper and the only student opinion journal that matters. It is the oldest and most renowned campus commentary publication in the nation and spawned a national movement at the likes of Stanford, Harvard, Princeton, and countless others. Our staff members and alumni have won many awards, including the Pulitzer Prize, and have been published in the Boston Globe, New York Times, National Review, American Spectator, Wall Street Journal, Weekly Standard, Village Voice, New Criterion, and many others. The Review aims to provide a voice for any student who enjoys challenging brittle and orthodox thinking. We stand for free speech, student rights, and the liberating arts. Whatever your political leanings, we invite you to come steep yourself in campus culture and politics, Dartmouth lore, keen witticisms, and the fun that comes with writing for an audience of thousands. We’re looking for writers, photographers, cartoonists, aspiring business managers, graphic designers, web maestros, and anyone else who wants to learn from Dartmouth’s unofficial school of journalism.
“Because every student deserves a safe space”
– Inge-Lise Ameer, FormerVice Provost for Student Affairs
Meetings held Mondays at 6:30 PM at our offices at 32 S. Main Street (next to Lou’s in the lower level office space)
INSIDE THE ISSUE Thoughts on CoFIRED
Hanover’s Business Ventures
A Review of Ferguson
Dartmouth’s Honor Code
The 500th Anniversary of the Protestant Reformation
A DACA student speaks out regarding the controversial protests that took place over Homecoming weekend................................................................................................... PAGE 1
The Review profiles some of Hanover’s most important small busineses, taking a closer look at the various establishments that are hallmarks of the town and contrasting them with student trends towards large corporations.......................................................... PAGE 1
The Review takes a look at the College’s honor code and compares it to other similar codes at peer institutions................................................................................................ PAGE 7
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We examine the various issues surrounding Dartmouth Dining Services and propose some possible solutions................................................................................................... PAGE 8
News Editor Devon M. Kurtz recently attended a showing of the play Ferguson, which takes an objective look at the death of Michael Brown. He offers his thoughts on the controversial production....................................................................................................... PAGE 9
Did you see any ‘Slutty Martin Luthers’ this Halloween? Perhaps it’s because it’s been 500 years since the ninety-five theses................................................................................. PAGE 10
NIGEL FARAGE READS THE REVIEW.
The Dartmouth Review
Monday – October 30, 2017
MASTHEAD & EDITORIAL EST. 1980
“Far better it is to dare mighty things, to win great triumphs, even though checkered by failure, than to takerank with those poor spirits who neither enjoy much nor suffer much, because they live in the gray twilight that knows neither victory nor defeat.” —Theodore Roosevelt
The Danger of Stagnancy: Part II
Jack F. Mourouzis
Executive Editors Joshua D. Kotran Marcus J. Thompson
Managing Editors Devon M. Kurtz Zachary P. Port B. Webb Harrington
Associate Editors Rachel T. Gambee Daniel M. Bring
Senior Correspondents Michael J. Perkins John S. Stahel
BUSINESS STAFF President
Robert Y. Sayegh
Vice Presidents Jason B. Ceto & Noah J. Sofio
Greg Fossedal, Gordon Haff, Benjamin Hart, Keeney Jones
Mean-Spirited, Cruel, and Ugly
Board of Trustees
Martin Anderson, Patrick Buchanan, Theodore Cooperstein, Dinesh D’Souza, Michael Ellis, Robert Flanigan, John Fund, Kevin Robbins, Gordon Haff, Jeffrey Hart, Laura Ingraham, Mildred Fay Jefferson, William Lind, Steven Menashi, James Panero, Hugo Restall, Roland Reynolds, William Rusher, Weston Sager, Emily Esfahani-Smith, R. Emmett Tyrrell, Sidney Zion
NOTES Special thanks to William F. Buckley, Jr. “What’s your favorite scary movie?” The Editors of The Dartmouth Review welcome correspondence from readers concerning any subject, but prefer to publish letters that comment directly on material published previously in The Review. We reserve the right to edit all letters for clarity and length. Please submit letters to the editor by mail or email: firstname.lastname@example.org Or by mail at:
The Dartmouth Review P.O. Box 343 Hanover, NH 03755 (603) 643-4370
Please direct all complaints to: email@example.com
On October 10, President Hanlon sent is held paramount, any attack on academic an email to the entire Dartmouth commu- freedom ought to be shut down. In the end, nity announcing Carolyn Dever’s decision it was clear that N. Bruce Duthu was simply to step down from Provost and to return a poor choice for the position of Dean of to teaching once the fall term concludes on the Faculty. President Hanlon should never November 22. He describes how “Carolyn have appointed someone with such controhas had a major impact on Dartmouth, el- versial views; it would have spared the Colevating the academic profile of the institu- lege of a PR nightmare and also not have tion as she led an effort to improve campus driven the wedge between the right and left diversity and inclusivity--particularly on on campus ever deeper. behalf of the faculty; championing academIt seems increasingly clear that people ic initiatives; and recruiting deans and oth- simply do not want to be a part of Hanlon’s er key leaders… she has played a lead role sinking ship – one which continues to be in the development of strategic priorities barraged by all sides, and is helmed by the and specific initiatives for Dartmouth’s most incompetent leader since George future, chaired the budget comMcClellan. Where the College’s mittee, and assisted in building administration steps, controfinancial strength across the versy soon follows. Earlier this institution.” term, Mark Bray, a visiting His words sing lofty praise scholar at the College’s thankfor an administrator who fully-now-defunct Gender Rehas indeed done much more search Institute and author of harm than good. Having Antifa: The Anti-Fascist Handbeen at Dartmouth throughbook, drew significant ire out most of Dever’s time as when he condoned and Provost, I struggle to find even defended the use of any examples of her eleviolence by left-wing provating the academic protesters. In his post on the file (our undergraduate topic, Joe Asch sums up teaching ranking is no lonthe issues of Bray’s views ger number one), improvquite well: “Ironically, Jack F. Mourouzis ing diversity or inclusivity Bray’s views are protect(beyond simple, meaningless statistics), ed by the ideals of academic freedom and championing academic initiatives (…Buel- free speech that he opposes. So long as he ler?) or recruiting deans (the appointment does not directly incite violence, the First of N. Bruce Duthu was a massive failure). Amendment safeguards his right to make Strategic priorities for Dartmouth’s future – these statements. But by endorsing violent or in other words, the house system – may acts against people holding positions that be one item on her list of accomplishments. are detestable to many of us, he has only However, from the view of any reasonable ceded the moral high ground to a constellaobserver, the house system can hardly be tion of racist and bigoted groups.” considered a success. Introductory events It was to my shock, however, that Preswith free food and house-branded gear (the ident Hanlon actually came out against costs of which must have been obscene) Bray’s position, writing that “Recent statecannot be considered accurate metrics. The ments made by Lecturer in History Mark first weekend of the term, all of the dining Bray supporting violent protest do not halls on campus were closed, so in essence, represent the views of Dartmouth.” But my students were forced to attend these events shock grew even more when, in a bizarre in order to eat dinner. I would imagine this turn of events, Hanlon’s seemingly benign is the kind of ‘strategic initiative’ Dever statement became the subject of a letter spearheaded: falsely-padded events which from over a hundred faculty members conmake for faux metrics of success to onlook- demning Hanlon’s condemnation. Their ers who are unaware of students’ feelings (somewhat justifiable) complaint, however, about the house system, all in a ploy to fit was that Hanlon never reached out to Bray the administration’s agenda. Fake news, in- before issuing the statement, proving once deed. again that Hanlon’s management is nothing At this point, no successor to Dever has more than poor at best – and at worst, danbeen named, so the position remains va- gerous. cant, unlike the post of Dean of the Faculty, First Lady Rosalynn Carter once said that which was filled by former biological scienc- “A leader takes people where they want to es professor Elizabeth Smith on July 1. The go. A great leader takes people where they ripples of the Duthu debacle of the spring don’t necessarily want to go, but ought to of 2017 are still felt on campus; The Review be.” It seems quite clear to me: President continues to draw criticism from the role it Hanlon has no idea where he wants to go, played in the controversy. For all his lack of and seems completely unwilling to ask and qualifications and controversial opinions, see where anyone wants to go – and he most Duthu’s failure to ever disavow his support certainly has no clue where anyone ought to for BDS – an action which would have real- be. Perhaps it is time that the College had a ly been quite simple – is what ultimately did new leader – after all, it’s been quite a while him in. In a place where academic freedom since we’ve had a good one.
4 Monday – October 30, 2017
The Dartmouth Review
WEEK IN REVIEW DARTMOUTH SIGNS LETTER IN SUPPORT OF PERMANENT PROTECTIONS FOR DACA RECIPIENTS On October 23, Dartmouth College belatedly signed a letter to Congress written by 800 colleges and universities requesting legislation that would permanently protect students who are temporarily shielded from deportation by the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). DACA was an executive order signed by President Obama that provides amnesty to undocumented children. Roughly 800,000 people are protected under DACA, approximately 350,000 of whom are in school; however, in early September, President Trump announced that he plans to let the policy expire in March 2018, giving Congress a six-month window to devise another, more permanent solution. As a result, the American Council on Education (ACE) sent a letter on October 19th to Speaker of the House, Paul Ryan, and other members of Congress, Mitch McConnell, Nancy Pelosi, and Charles Schumer, urging them to pass legislation that would “protect Dreamers, outstanding young people brought to our country as children.” ACE is an organization that represents various higher learning institutions, and “is consistently at the center of federal policy debates in areas critical to higher education.” In the letter written to Congress, ACE states that “it remains in America’s best interest to enable [dreamers] to use their knowledge, skills and energy to continue to make the strongest possible contribution to our country.” As stated in the letter, there is no denying that undocumented young adults, who are attending universities, are making and have the potential to make positive contributions to American society. President Trump ended the DACA policy because President Obama created the program through executive order, which President Trump claims is unconstitutional. He tweeted on September 5th that Congress has time to create a better solution, should they not be able to, he would devise a solution himself. The Dartmouth College administration has track record of issuing statements in support of DACA students, so why did it take four days for the College to join nearly 800 other colleges and universities and sign the letter? Perhaps the ins and outs of actually getting their name on the letter took a little time.
On the other hand, it is possible that the administration dropped the ball and realized only when it was too late that they should be among the other colleges that had already signed the letter. President Hanlon’s letter to President Trump in September as well as his email to the student body conveys almost the same message as the one highlighted in ACE’s letter; nevertheless, Dartmouth should be a leader, not a follower. Given the continued the proliferation of Dartmouth administration bureaucrats, we are yet again surprised by such an oversight. Students at the University of Cambridge have been
TRIGGER WARNINGS ISSUED AHEAD OF SHAKESPEARE PLAYS AT CAMBRIDGE issued trigger warnings ahead of lectures on Shakespeare’s “Titus Andronicus” and “The Comedy of Errors.” As expressed in English faculty documents, discussion of the plays would include “discussions of sexual violence” and “sexual assault.” While policies at the University of Cambridge leave the application of trigger warnings to discretion of the lecturer, the university has nevertheless been heaped with media censure for its supposed complicity in a culture that is gradually encroaching upon intellectual freedom. The act has even faced scrutiny from those associated with the university. “If a student of English Literature doesn’t know that ‘Titus Andronicus’ contains scenes of violence, they shouldn’t be on the course,” David Crilly, the artistic director at The Cambridge Shakespeare Festival related to The Telegraph. He elaborated, “This degree of sensitivity will inevitably curtail academic freedom. If the academic staff are concerned they might say something students find uncomfortable they will avoid doing it.” As trigger warnings have grown increasingly pervasive, some academics have raised their concerns over use in a rigorous intellectual context. Mary Beard, a Professor of Classics at Cambridge, exclaimed that it was “fundamentally dishonest” to avoid the harrowing realities of history or literature. In the United States, concerns have been raised since even books as seemingly innocuous as Mrs. Dalloway, Things Fall Apart, and The Great Gatsby have generated controversy for purportedly having triggering effects on students. Nevertheless, those arguing for trigger warnings are certainly doing so with “a genuine wish not to risk upsetting students,” as Gill Evans, emer-
itus professor of medieval theology and intellectual history at Cambridge admits. Some students unfortunately are forced to contend with the realities of post-traumatic stress disorder after enduring experiences of sexual violence of some form, and these students are precisely the ones who would feel safeguarded by trigger warnings which caution readers or listeners of the disturbing material to come. Generally speaking, millennials are far removed from the proximity to violence that have for ages characterized essential elements of the human experience. Naturally, these realities when portrayed in art or fiction are thus quite troubling to modern sensibilities, and they tend especially to evoke traumatic memories in those who have already suffered. Thus, the question naturally arises where the boundary should lie between intellectual discourse and sensitivity to people of all communities and backgrounds. The Gender Research Institute at Dartmouth (GRID) was shut down
GENDER RESEARCH INSTITUTE SHUTS DOWN DUE TO LACK OF FUNDING on July 1st with “no prior warning.” The closing marks an end to the institute’s controversial track record, which most recently included the hiring of Mark Bray. Bray would then go on to make now infamous comments insensitively supporting the violent tactics of Antifa protesters. “GRID provided food for the mind and for the soul,” GRID director Annabel Martin said in a statement defending the institutes role in the academic life of The College. Martin went on to say that the Institute was removed “inexplicably,” but given the Institute’s controversial past, it comes to many as no surprise. GRID’s purpose was among the most dubious of other Dartmouth programs’. Modeled after similar gender research institutes at Brown and Columbia, the institute was founded in 2013 by Martin and a few other staff members. Though Martin claims that the institute was among few who brought in scholars with actual social impact, it is important to note some of the radical ideas that were associated with past guest speakers. One of GRID’s “scholars” was Jasbir Puar, a professor from Rutgers University who has been linked to anti-Semitism through comments and writings about Israel. This move prompts questions as to power shifts within the Hanlon administration. There has even been speculation as to whether this was an early warning sign for Provost Carolyn Dever’s departure from her post.
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The Dartmouth Review
Monday – October 30, 2017
Noah J. Sofio Daniel M. Bring Paul S. Woodberry Bobby F. Carangelo The College made a big step in defending free speech with Hanlon’s denouncement of Bray’s comments about Antifa. Hopefully this is a sign that Dartmouth is moving towards preserving free speech. It remains to be seen whether the Hanlon administration will be able to recover from such a rocky start, but hopefully those who helped end GRID’s tenure at the College continue to make attempts to return balance to Hanover. Last week at the University of Delaware, former Vice President Joe Biden and Governor John Kasich (ROH) took part in event “Bridging the Divide” designed to find solutions to the current acrimonious partisan divide of Washington D.C. In a Q&A session
FORMER VICE PRESIDENT JOE BIDEN TEAMS UP WITH GOVERNOR JOHN KASICH following their conversation Vice President Biden was asked about the topic of respecting opposing viewpoints, his response; “You know, it’s interesting — when I was coming up through college and graduate school free speech was the big issue but it was the opposite. […] The First Amendment is one of the defining features of who we are in the Bill of Rights. And to shut it down in the name of what is appropriate is simply wrong. It’s wrong.” Vice President Biden’s answer is a reminder of the importance of the free speech to political debate in the US today. It is also heartening to hear a ringing endorsement of free expression from such a prominent leader in the Democratic Party, especially considering a recent poll from UC Berkeley found that 53% of California Democrats would support restrictions of the rights of alleged “hate groups” to demonstrate. However, this should not be surprising considering Vice President Biden holds an 80% lifetime rating from the ACLU, a noted proponent of free speech. Other Democrats have recently expressed their support for free speech, such as Senator Bernie Sanders (I/D-VT) who stated “people have a right to give their two cents’ worth, give a speech, without fear of violence and intimidation.” This was a rebuke of former Governor Howard Dean demonstrably false tweet “Hate speech is not protected by the first amendment.” Less positive was Governor Kasich’s response that he would not “let one of these hate speech speakers come.” Whether Governor Kasich’s assertion was merely naïve or politically motivated, it demonstrates a fundamental flawed understanding of the freedoms guaranteed under the First Amendment. The rights of all Americans to freely express themselves has showed itself time and time again as crucial to health of our democracy. The beleaguered and derecognized Dartmouth fraternity Alpha Delta is once again in conflict with Hanover’s zoning administrator. Last April, the New Hampshire Supreme Court ruled against the fraternity in a dispute over whether it could still inhab-
their alumni and to overturn the Hanover Zoning Administrator’s decision that blocked such use of their property. The Zoning Administrator Judith Brotman declared that the house’s zoning district only allows office spaces insofar as they relate directly to the institutional purposes of the property owner, in this case, the Dartmouth Corporation of Alpha Delta Fraternity. Brotman determined that the group’s articles of agreement, which state Alpha Delta’s purposes, did not permit the use of the building for office space. She denied a zoning permit because those purposes do not seem to indicate the organization’s ability to rent office space for commercial tenancy. Alpha Delta’s attorney, Barry Schuster, responded that Brotman had misunderstood the intentions of the fraternity for the space. He disputed her decision, claiming in a September letter to the Zoning Administrator that “the corporation does not intend to permit any use of the property by anyone whose activities do not
relate to the uses of the institution having ownership interest in the property.” A hearing before the Zoning Board of Adjustment was scheduled for Thursday, October 26, to reconsider Brotman’s ruling at Alpha Delta’s request, but has since been postponed due to a request from the organization for a continuance. This zoning debate is the latest tribulation for the fraternity, which has struggled with the administration of both the College and Hanover for some time, having been derecognized in the spring of 2015 after a branding scandal. Alpha Delta’s return to campus as part of Greek life seems impossible at the moment; as of last spring, the College was resolute in refusing re-recognition to any banned Greek organizations.
“What is there to research? There’s only two genders...”
COLLEGE CONTINUES FIGHT AGAINST ALPHA DELTA FRATERNITY it its million-dollar house on East Wheelock Street without the permission of Dartmouth College. The College decided that same month that it would not re-recognize Alpha Delta after eighteen months of negotiations; re-recognition would have spared the fraternity from eviction. Now, Valley News reports that fraternity leaders want to use the former fraternity house as office space for
“I’m going as an Old Tradition for Halloween.” “You can’t! That’s banned because it’s racist!”
6 Monday – October 30, 2017
The Dartmouth Review
Consumer Culture in Hanover
HEATHER SIMPSON BLAKE Owner of Tanzi’s Salon
> CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1
Walking around campus, Amazon boxes are as ubiquitous as backpacks. On any given afternoon, the busiest storefront in downtown Hanover is arguably the Hinman mail center. The only true argument here is whether or not the Hop counts as being in downtown Hanover. For those students living in the McLaughlin cluster or the River, it certainly does. As a result of this phenomenon, the only Dartmouth students that can be found venturing down Main Street are those that either have such atrocious planning skills that they are unable to order an item they require two days in advance — thus not qualifying for Amazon Prime shipping — or those that go forth in search of food that is not sold by the illustrious Dartmouth Dining Services. The latter group may find it harder than they expected to find restaurants that are not affected by the College’s culture. There are many good restaurants in Hanover, but much as with the case of Amazon, convenience frequently trumps quality in the minds of hungry college students. For the most part, Dartmouth students couldn’t care less what they are served as long as they can order it at 1 a.m. and have it at their doorstep approximately 25 minutes later. This means that perhaps the only box more common on campus then an Amazon box is a Domino’s box. Hours and delivery capabilities such as theirs are nearly impossible for smaller-scale restaurants to maintain. It was Ms. Gambee is a freshman at the College and an associate editor at The Dartmouth Review.
certainly not shocking to anyone that the long-time Hanover pizza restaurant, Everything But Anchovies, closed promptly following Domino’s arrival to campus. This is certainly not a phenomenon unique to late night pizza-places. Even when Dartmouth students are eating
Image courtesy of The Valley News even students may not be familiar with this establishment, as it has only been open for a year. Members of the class of 1970 and earlier, however, will experience some nostalgia upon reading its name. The owner of Tanzi’s Salon is Heather Simpson Blake, a life-
The only Dartmouth students that can be found venturing down Main Street are those that either have such atrocious planning skills that they are unable to order an item they require two days in advance — thus not qualifying for Amazon Prime shipping — or those that go forth in search of food that is not sold by the illustrious Dartmouth Dining Services. during regular hours and not in a massive rush, which perhaps occurs once a term per student, they still do not often wish to patronize small local businesses. Despite the proliferation of coffee shops downtown, Starbucks remains the most popular option for students who do not want to brave the line at KAF in Baker-Berry. If this weren’t evidence enough that students gravitate towards familiar national chains over establishments unique to Hanover, one needs only to listen to students for five minutes to hear Hanover’s like of Dunkin Donuts and Chipotle lamented. Students making such complaints are to be consoled by the fact that Amazon undoubtedly will be delivering both shortly. One business that has escaped the Amazon culture is Tanzi Salon on Main Street. As a full-service salon, they offer haircuts, manicures, and many other services that one cannot order online. Some alumni and
long Upper Valley native. Ms. Blake is also the great - granddaughter of another Hanover entrepreneur, Angelo Luciano Tanzi, who opened what would become Tanzi Brothers Groceries in 1897. Tansy’s Brothers Grocers became a staple establishment for Dartmouth students, and remained that way until it’s closing in 1969. Ms. Blake accounts fondly the stories of her grandfather and great-grandfather interacting with Dartmouth students to those students who patronize her business today. Despite the youth of her salon, its very existence is a testament to the history of Hanover. Ms. Blake understands this and goes out of her way to educate an entirely new generation of students about the 70 year history of her family’s store. Interested students should be encouraged to go see the old photographs and the brief written history of her family that Ms. Blake keeps in her salon’s waiting area. Ms. Blake is not the only Ha-
nover business owner with an intimate understanding of local history. Students in search of truly excellent tale about the College or the surrounding area need look no further than Bryan Smith. Manager of International DVD and Poster, Mr. Smith is another lifelong Hanover local and a figure of quite a bit of lore on campus. Students who patronize his store always speak quite highly of his storytelling skills and kind demeanor. Mr. Smith comes from the oldest of Dartmouth families, even including a grandfather who served as the College’s vice president. Although he turned-down admission to the College himself (a charming story that every Dartmouth student should hear), Mr. Smith has very real affection for both Dartmouth and all of her students. When he references sadly the long list of “20th century” businesses that defined Hanover during his childhood and his father’s childhood that are no longer around, he does so because he views it as a loss for current and future Dartmouth students. It truly bothers Mr. Smith that we will never have these quintessential Hanover experiences during our time at Dartmouth. Over the course of our nearly three-hour conversation, Mr. Smith repeatedly mentioned his desire to engage more with Dartmouth students both personally and through his business. He has incredible ideas for everything from a mini Winter Olympics during Winter Carnival to a campus-wide video game tournament with semi-finals and finals played in Collis. He would like his business to be heavily involved with activities such as these, advertising and hosting prizes. The College would only benefit from a greater inclusion of locals such as Mr. Smith whose energy and well-developed respect for tradition are integral facets of the Dartmouth community itself. In years past, the College employed an individual to work as the liaison between the town of Hanover and the College. This person working to engage locals, faculty and students collaboratively. This position was done away with during the eco-
nomic downturn and has not since been reinstated. We at the Review are always hesitant to advise adding to an already oversized administration. This distance, however, is healthy for neither the College nor the town, especially considering that they are frequently seen as one in the same in the eyes of students and visitors. Hanover’s charm is an unmistakable draw for all prospective Dartmouth students. The preservation of such charm should be of real importance to the College. This includes everything from the support of the local florist club to support for local businesses that are filled with dynamic and informed locals like Miss Blake and Mr. Smith. On the other hand, the College coupled with Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center are the predominant employers in the Upper Valley and thus play an important role the lives of many locals. To that end, locals should always be looking for the College and its students to succeed. As most Dartmouth students would tell you, Hanover locals are excellent about doing this. Where the relationship stands now, the locals appear to be doing their part whereas the College seems to have retracted from this partnership. This could certainly be due to debates that are ongoing regarding some of the College’s expansion plans - particularly those proposed plans that are in close proximity to residential areas. Despite this strain its relationship with the town, the College should still actively support local businesses in a way that they currently do not. Dartmouth students, however, should not use the College’s lack of support as justification for their own lack of support of local businesses. In an era of convenience centered shopping, we have become a convenience centered generation. This is not healthy for us personally or professionally here in Hanover as students. Taking the time to interact with locals is meaningful and valuable — in many instances students might find the value of these interactions to be greater than the value they put on their own time.
The Dartmouth Review
Monday – October 30, 2017
The Dishonor Code Joshua D. Kotran William J. Brandon
Executive Editor Contributor
Last winter, Safety and Security walked into a Dartmouth fraternity to shut down a party that was over-capacity. In a frantic attempt to avoid clashes with the officers, students scrambled to find their jackets and move on to the next part of their night. But with everyone at the party attempting to leave at once, the scene on the ground floor of the house was chaotic, with fifty or so coats scrambled across the room and many students unable to find their own jackets. Unwilling to brace the bitter New Hampshire cold in nothing but a T-shirt, many students, assuming that their coats had already been stolen, took the first reasonably suitable coat they could find and left without moral hesitation. Why is jacket stealing so pervasive at Dartmouth? For one, it is widely understood that when students go out to a party, they will bring a jacket that they don’t care about losing, known in Dartmouth lingo as a “fracket”. Students also rationalize, whether consciously or subconsciously, that any student whose jacket is taken will be able to steal another jacket, and thus feel less guilty about causing their anonymous fellow student’s plight. Almost every Dartmouth student will lose at least one jacket over the course of their collegiate career. A slightly lower, though still large number of students will have stolen at least one. The dynamics in a classroom exam can be remarkably similar. If a student notices that many others in the room have found ways to cheat, whether that be looking at other students’ paMr. Kotran is a senior at the College and an executive editor at The Dartmouth Review. Mr. Brandon is a freshman at the College and a contributor to The Dartmouth Review.
pers, heading to the bathroom to check their cell phones, or even baiting professors into hinting at an answer, they will be much more likely to cheat themselves. Not only does a student in this scenario feel less of a moral obligation to avoid cheating, they may recognize that choosing to maintain their integrity puts them at a disadvantage as opposed to the rest of the class. With all of this in mind, how do we combat unethical behavior at Dartmouth, accounting for the cascading effects of such behavior? First, we must consider what the college is doing already. Dartmouth’s student handbook covers all aspects of its campus life, but its “honor code” only covers academics. Originally passed by a unanimous faculty vote in 1962, the honor code has four central tenets:
the harsh penalties for cheating serve as a strong deterrent. A student’s first violation for copying off another student’s test, homework assignment or paper typically comes with a three-term suspension. There is some merit to having a system of strict punishment and limited enforcement, which is (perhaps unintentionally) similar in nature to the college’s hard alcohol policy. The College rightly wants to ensure
1) That students are assumed to uphold intellectual honesty and integrity in the completion of their assignments, and should understand that violating such integrity may result in disciplinary action; 2) That the faculty is responsible for ensuring students understand what does and does not constitute academic honor, for promoting “procedures and circumstances which will reinforce the principle of academic honor,” and for documenting and reporting violations of academic integrity; 3) Eliminating the practice of proctoring examinations; 4) That violations will be investigated by the Committee on Standards.
students don’t cheat without turning the school into a police state. However, this system also allows students in many classes to be virtually certain that they will be able to cheat without getting caught. More problematic, however, is that this system may teach some students that what is truly important is avoiding being caught, not upholding one’s integrity. Although the honor code stipulates that students will sit before a Committee on Standards
Some aspects of the honor code play out differently in reality than one might assume. Many professors take the honor code seriously, but trust that students will not cheat on tests and make it very easy for students to engage in unethical behavior. Indeed, it is not uncommon for the professor to leave the room for the entirety of an exam. But while it can be easy to cheat and not get caught,
lated into choosing the administrative investigation route. One student was told by an administrator that the COS would take a rigid, fact-based approach and would not consider factors such as extenuating circumstances, evidence of strong moral character, or intent. Others were flat out told that an administrative review would be more lenient. In other cases, students are given no such choice. More serious transgressions are typically
If a student notices that many others in the room have found ways to cheat, whether that be looking at other students’ papers, heading to the bathroom to check their cell phones, or even baiting professors into hinting at an answer, they will be much more likely to cheat themselves. handled by the administration, specifically the Undergraduate Judicial Affairs Office. While students clearly have some degree of involvement in enforcing the honor code at Dartmouth, a greater portion of power is in the hands of the administration than advertised. One may look to stricter and more highly valued honor codes at other colleges to see why the administration’s heavy involvement in the adjudication of honor violations may be ill advised.
The path forward for Dartmouth is not as simple as adopting a system that has worked for other schools. The administration and community as a whole must capture the collective spirit of the student body. (COS) panel, this isn’t always the case. Students who are accused of committing an academic honor violation, for instance, are often given a choice between being investigated by the COS or by a single administrator. Multiple students who have been accused of academic violations at Dartmouth have told The Review that they believe they were manipu-
Washington and Lee University and the Virginia Military academy, both located in Lexington, Virginia, utilize powerful, straightforward, student run codes of conduct. At VMI, “A Cadet will not lie, cheat, steal, nor tolerate those who do,” while at Washington and Lee “[they] have but one rule—that every student must be a gentle-
man.” At both schools students are actively encouraged to monitor and report perceived violations. The tribunals in charge of honor code violations are entirely student run, while Washington and Lee Emphasizes on their website that “The system is entirely self-regulated by the student body, with no faculty or board of trustees oversight.” The strong emphasis on student involvement in honor code violations not only increases awareness, but also creates a sense of ownership that reinforces positive behavior. When the rules that govern a school come from and are enforced by the student body rather than a removed administrative apparatus students are socially pressured to act in accordance. A violation of the code is suddenly changed from an attack on the administration to an attack on the entire student body’s trust. Although the Dartmouth community could stand to learn from the two aforementioned schools, it is important to note that cultural changes of that magnitude cannot happen overnight. Washington and Lee and the Virginia Military Institute both have strict honor traditions dating back to the 1800s. They are as integral to the school as anything else. The path forward for Dartmouth is not as simple as adopting a system that has worked for other schools. The administration and community as a whole must capture the collective spirit of the student body. Scaling back the administration’s role in maintaining student conduct seems like a clear place to start. Dartmouth’s responsibility to promote integrity at the College expands far beyond the school itself. Many current students will go on to lead companies, enter political office, and manage millions or billions of dollars in assets. If Dartmouth is fostering the development of future world leaders, it must do all that it can to ensure that its students will act with integrity in positions of power.
Dartmouth’s Honor Code 1) Students are assumed to uphold intellectual honesty and integrity in the completion of their assignments, and should understand that violating such integrity may result in disciplinary action 2) The faculty is responsible for ensuring students understand what does and does not constitute academic honor, for promoting “procedures and circumstances which will reinforce the principle of academic honor”, and for documenting and reporting violations of academic integrity 3) Eliminating the practice of proctoring examinations 4) Violations will be investigated by the Committee on Standards.
8 Monday – October 30, 2017
The Dartmouth Review
Dartmouth Dining Services: A Travesty
Image courtesy of Dartmouth College STUDENTS DINE in the overpriced Class of ’53 Commons as $17 per meal-swipe. Again, no choice as to whether to buy use them in town. It should be B. Webb Harrington Managing Editor these swipes, during dinner, the a meal plan. They simply must particularly important to allow The problems with Dart- most valuable period, can only take part in a bad system. Both of students to buy from grocery mouth Dining Services (DDS) be used to buy $10 worth of these policies allow Dartmouth stores because of the incredible are both numerous and varied. items. Every meal plan is set up Dining Services to nickel and health benefits. Both introducDDS’s countless problems fall to provide Dartmouth Dining dime students with every chance ing a competitor to DDS or alprimarily into three categories: Services with an absurd amount they get. Luckily, both are rel- lowing grocery and other food health, cost, and convenience. Perhaps the most ludicrous example of the services in town to take part in Every Dartmouth freshman is Dartmouth meal plan system DDS effect on prices is the sale of a miserly the immediately introduced to these would likely reduce costs for stufruit cup for $5.50, not including tax. Not problems through perhaps one dents and improve health. of the most irksome policies Other policies than introducall items are marked up to this extent, but that the College has implementing competition would also likeit suffices to say that essentially every item ly have a positive effect. While ed: every student is required to buy a meal-plan. For the sake of the public is allowed access to DDS sells, it sells for more than any local brevity, this article will primaronly the most bare-bones inforcompetitor. ily discuss the costs of the DDS mation about Dartmouth Dinsystem. of profit for providing no extra atively easy to fix. One solution ing Services’ costs, revenues, or Let’s talk first about the meal- services. However, this is only would be to give Novack Cafe profits, we do know a few things. plans: The SmartChoice20, one part of the problem of cost. or another one of the extrane- As Dartblog has reported severrequired for all freshmen for Both this paper and several ous dining facilities in a contract al times over the last few years, their fall term is $2,000 and other local sources have noted to another organization. While pay for DDS employees is particit is intended to provide all of how expensive the items that this change could be somewhat ularly large for the Upper Valley their food needs for that term. DDS sells are in relation to the expensive because of the econo- area. In 2010, Dartblog reportPerhaps an easier way to look Co-op, which, it should be not- mies of scale involved in running ed a help wanted advertisement at the cost would be to look at ed, is not known for its low pric- these food business, it would be- from the College for a starting the cost per swipe, since DBA es. Perhaps the most ludicrous come quickly obvious whether it position as a cook helper. The can go into the negative. Each example of the DDS effect on successfully introduced compe- advertisement cited pay starting meal-swipe costs $8.88. Assum- prices is the sale of a miserly This unfair inequality is built on the back ing that a person were to use all fruit cup for $5.50, not including of a struggling institution. The College has of their meal-swipes in a week, tax. Not all items are marked up given the best circumstances, to this extent, but it suffices to been making significant budget cuts, raising they would average being able to say that essentially every item tuition and other costs considerably, and spend $7.79 at the various eat- DDS sells, it sells for more than contemplates selling its golf-course or exing options, other than Foco. In any local competitor. other words, DDS is skimming a All of this information is widepanding the student body to continue as a dollar of pure profit every time a spread knowledge on campus, so successful institution. student swipes under the best of instead of continuing to spend circumstances. However, Dart- time talking in minutiae about tition, forcing prices down. An- at more than $15/hour, along mouth students often are unable an obviously poor service, let’s other even easier solution would with generous health benefits, to use all of their allocated meal- talk about how DDS could be be to allow Declining Balance 5-6 weeks of paid vacation, and swipes. It’s worth noting that the better. There are a few primary Account (DBA) to be used at significant opportunities for adaforementioned unadulterated areas that DDS can improve in. some of the local grocery stores vancement within the organizaprofits come from the cheapest First, food at the College suffers or restaurants. While some of tion. While this writer does not plan by meal swipe. In fact, no from a frightening lack of com- the accounting from using meal- begrudge any DDS employees other plan allows students to buy petition in all areas. Not only are swipes could be difficult to ar- of their pay, we must question meal-swipes for less than $10, all of the food services provid- range, since the dollar value of the logic behind paying on the with some plans ranging as high ed by the same company (with meal-swipes is variable and to whole more than 50% more than the exception of the extremely some extent intangible, DBA the Upper Valley for comparable popular KAF, which often has represents actual dollars and as jobs. Why do we create a class Mr. Harrington is a sophomore at the College and a managing editor twenty-minute lines to get pas- such should pose no problem for above their neighbors, when tries or coffee), but students have the College to allow students to it is doubtful that they are sigThe Dartmouth Review.
nificantly more accomplished? Moreover, this unfair inequality is built on the back of a struggling institution. The College has been making significant budget cuts, raising tuition and other costs considerably, and contemplates selling its golf-course or expanding the student body to continue as a successful institution. Meanwhile, it continues a policy of unfair pay that cannot help but create nepotism in the hiring process. Given the general lack of public information about DDS, it is impossible to tell where other sources of inefficiency may be, but given its monopoly status, they undoubtedly exist. A final suggestion to improve cost will undoubtedly prove unpopular with the administration: dissolve and hire out the food services at Dartmouth to an outside corporation like Aramark, or Sodexo. Various firms have different reputations, and would likely submit different bids for varying qualities of food. The College should seek out those bids, and see if any of those companies can do better than DDS. If they can’t, then DDS should obviously keep the contract. If they can, however, the school should observe the options and seriously consider switching to a different company. It should be noted in a more favorable light to DDS, that much of the rest of the Ivy League has also been increasing non-tuition costs on students, including dining services. Many other institutions offer their meal plans for an even higher cost than Dartmouth and require all of their students to buy a meal-plan as well. Yale, for instance, offers its main meal-plan for $6,800, and requires its freshman to buy it. This plan includes 21 meal-swipes per week, and no equivalent to DBA. Three terms of the 20 would cost a returning student a little over $6,000 themselves and offer $600 in DBA. It should be noted that Yale’s dining hall system involves more swipe-in, all-you-can-eat dining halls, similar to The Class of 1950 Commons, than it does a-la-carte options. The question, then, is this: will Dartmouth continue alongside the rest of the Ivy League by upping costs of the student dining plans, creating increasingly long lines by expanding the size of the student body and diffusing school spirit? Or, will Dartmouth try to make its students healthier and happier at a lower cost?
The Dartmouth Review
Monday – October 30, 2017
A Review of Ferguson
Devon M. Kurtz
Artistic expression is often most meaningful when it is grounded in some reality—a variable degree of truth. This form of art is successful time and time again in fostering greater social consciousness and change. Films like Milk (2008) and Schindler’s List (1993) helped shape public perception about the LGBT rights movement and the Holocaust, respectively, largely because they took elements of truth and cast it in on-screen drama. But, if art based in truth can impact society so effectively, what of art that is the truth? That question is exactly the focus of Phelim McAleer’s stage production Ferguson. McAleer describes Ferguson—which relies entirely on actual grand jury testimony from the investigation into the 2014 Michael Brown killing— as “a dose of truth.” The grand jury that decided not to indict police officer Darren Wilson took twenty-five days to come to a decision, after hearing five-thousand pages of testimony from sixty different witnesses. In writing the script for Ferguson, McAleer poured over these testimonies, which were released to the public as soon as the grand jury made its decision. It is a feat in itself to be able to comb through five-thousand mostly mundane pages and come out with a 90-minute performance that draws from a range of those witnesses. The testimonies provided the lines, but McAleer had to fit those testimonies together into a coherent, fluid, and powerful performance. Writing a creative original script takes skill, but McAleer’s work required true talent. He constructs a script in which the lines were already written—or rather, spoken—by real people that still maintains the entertainment expected of a dramatic performance – a quality seldom found in an actual courtroom. Given the method by which the script was written, the isMr. Kurtz is a sophomore at the College and news editor at The Dartmouth Review.
sue of bias must be addressed foremost. Obviously, there is inevitable bias in the process of choosing which witnesses and which sections of their testimonies to include. That bias could have crippled the performance, and yet it did not seem to pervert the overall impartiality of the abbreviated narratives— Ferguson was a fair, sober portrayal of the grand jury proceedings. When Ferguson came to New York City, it was performed in Urban Stages theatre. The theatre was entirely transformed into a courthouse—from signs in the bathroom reading “report any activity threatening jurors” to Prosecutor Bob McCulloch addressing the audience as if they were grand jurors. These details may seem to be for the mere purpose of “setting the stage,” but there is more to it than that. While the performance itself is a grand jury proceeding, the theatre is a grand jury of sorts as well, deciding whether or not to indict the truth in order to maintain a narrative based on falsities. The audience hears the same evidence—albeit abbreviated— that the actual grand jurors heard, and the audience is compelled in the same way to make a judgment based on the facts that emerge from the muddled ambiguities, contradictions, and lies. How exactly can truth
Johnson (friends of Michael Brown) provide the valuable background information about both Michael Brown and the events preceding the shooting. As the investigation develops, both of their testimonies change, are inconsistent, and contain clear falsehoods. Cedric Benjamin (Dorian Johnson)
be extracted from such a mess? Ferguson will not answer that question. The purposeful lack of a conclusive judgment at the end of the performance allows for the audience to determine their own judgment, separate from the one that the actual grand jury came to. After McCulloch’s opening, the play progresses through excerpts from various witnesses. Some of the witnesses were given fake names, as the publically released documents did not identify the names of most of the witnesses. The testimonies of Mark Williams and Dorian
redeemed his performance in a subtly tense moment between his character and an investigator. When Mark Williams gets up to leave during an interview, the white investigator puts his hand on Mark’s shoulder—an act of physical aggression that is not taken lightly. Chaundre Hall-Broomfield’s face is a window into the uniquely dangerous experience of the “gangaged black male,” revealing the mutual hostility and distrust between Mark and the investigator. The weakest performance comes from Kevin Sims in his
role as a construction worker who met Michael Brown earlier in the day of the shooting. While I admire the attempt to realize the mundaneness, slow pace, and boredom of grand jury proceedings through this character, Kevin Sims just doesn’t quite deliver. His slowtalking, almost drunk sound-
Obviously, there is inevitable bias in the process of choosing which witnesses and which sections of their testimonies to include. That bias could have crippled the performance, and yet it did not seem to pervert the overall impartiality of the abbreviated narratives—Ferguson was a fair, sober portrayal of the grand jury proceedings. delivers the raw emotion—the anger, confusion, and utter anguish—of someone who just saw his best friend shot down. While the high-intensity scenes of the prosecutors hammering Dorian Johnson with questions until finally he snaps might be considered by many to be the height of Cedric Benjamin’s performance, I found his impression of Dorian Johnson’s paradoxically heartwarming and heart wrenching reflections on his quasi-mentorship of Michael Brown to be particularly moving. For most of the play, the passion was lacking on the part of Chaundre Hall-Broomfield (Mark Williams), but he
This is a show that everyone ought to see, especially those with ironclad biases and beliefs about the Michael Brown shooting.
ing impression is sloppy and too deliberate. His character is supposed to be dramatically frustrating, but Kevin Sims’s performance is simply unsatisfying. The stars of the show are undoubtedly Kim Brockington (Prosecutor Sheila Whirley), Lavonda Elam (Martha Jenkins), and Renika Williams (Ciara Jenkins). Kim Brockington plays Sheila Whirley—the only person of color on the side of the prosecution. Kim Brockington’s performance is like a time-bomb— subtly developing Sheila Whirley’s discomfort with the proceedings until finally blowing up in an abruptly emotional outcry that captivates. While questioning a young black female witness, Prosecutor Sheila Whirley breaks down crying, yelling “Could you be mistaken?” The moment is shocking, upsetting, and moving. Lavona Elam plays a few characters, but she stands out as Martha Jenkins, an eyewitness and the mother of another eyewitness, Ciara Jenkins. Lavona Elam makes Martha Jenkins seem detached, trustworthy, and traditional—Martha Jenkins isn’t a woman you want to cross. As she sits in front of the grand jury cooling herself with an elegant hand fan, she seems simultaneously passionate and dispassionate. While the words that the real witness said were objectively convincing, Lavona
Elam takes those same words and develops a character that steals the show despite having a relatively minor role. Renika Williams plays Ciara Jenkins, the daughter of Martha Jenkins and the last witness questioned in the play. Ciara’s testimony is the one that evokes a powerful response from Prosecutor Sheila Whirley, and Renika Williams’ performance evokes an almost as powerful response from the audience. Ciara is young, scared, and distrusting of authority. She didn’t want to testify, but her testimony made all the difference both in the actual grand jury decision and in Ferguson. Renika Williams and Kim Brockington have a chemistry unlike anything else seen in the rest of the stage play—there is a bond cast in their experiences as women of color. Their characters both desperately want to believe that Michael Brown didn’t do what they know he did—Ciara because of what she saw, and Sheila Whirley because of what she has heard during the proceeding. Ciara Jenkins is clearly intended to have the most impact on the audience, and Renika Williams’ energetic and engaging performance delivers remarkably on that intention. Overall, Ferguson is a thought-provoking performance. This is a show that everyone ought to see, especially those with ironclad biases and beliefs about the Michael Brown shooting. Ferguson is one of many dramas that have popped up recently about Michael Brown, such as Antigone in Ferguson which was recently at the Hopkins Center. The crucial difference between Ferguson and other plays on the issue is the basis on witness testimonies. Recasting the publically available but terribly cumbersome witness testimonies through such an accessible medium allows for an unprecedentedly accurate portrayal of the tragedy. While uncomfortable, intense, and at times disturbing—Ferguson forces us to challenge and evaluate the narratives we chose to believe through actual evidence.
10 Monday – October 30, 2017
The Dartmouth Review
500 Years of Protestantism
Daniel M. Bring
October 31 will mark the five-hundredth anniversary of the symbolic beginning of the Protest Reformation and, therefore, one of the most momentous occasions in the history of the West. On that day in 1517, a monk named Martin Luther is said to have nailed his Ninety-five Theses, a list of severe grievances against the Catholic Church, to the door of All Saints’ Church in Wittenberg, Saxony. With that legendary deed, Luther set into motion a sweeping tide of religious reform throughout Europe that would have serious reverberations throughout all of Christendom and the world. The following religious conflict between Catholic and Protestants would define Europe for centuries through dynastic upheavals, such as those that plagued early
College (CCDC), views this occasion as a very momentous one. It has given her an opportunity to consider the distinctions of Protestantism and to sermonize about those characteristics, such as sola scriptura or “by scripture alone,” which trace their theology back to Luther himself. Though she acknowledges and regrets some of Luther’s flaws, particularly his anti-Semitism, she celebrates his role as the progenitor of many principles of Protestant faith. She said that her denomination, the United Church of Christ’s, religious and democratic culture comes from Luther and that they are beholden to Luther for his courage and what he did. “I am grateful for this anniversary coinciding with my beginning tenure at CCDC because the Reformation is a wonderful lens to look at our tradition
Worms, Luther refused to acquiesce. He legendarily proclaimed, “Here I stand, I can do no other.” At that moment, his historic bravery and resolve were commendably apparent. This anniversary is a time to remember and value Luther’s contributions to Christian faith and worship for the Rev. Dr. Guy Collins, Rector at St. Thomas Episcopal Church and Dartmouth’s Episcopal Campus Minister at Edgerton House. Rev. Collins emphasized that he and his congregation value Luther’s movement of radical inclusion that brought people from all walks of life into religious practice. Rev. Collins called him an educator, who helped make the holiest of scriptures available to the common people by translating the Holy Bible from the esoteric Latin into the vernacular German. In this regard, Rev.
holy huddle would be anathema to Luther and is anathema to us,” Rev. Collins remarked to The Review. On Sunday, October 29, the St. Thomas Episcopal Church commemorated the five-hundredth anniversary in their service and reflected on what Luther can still give them, in addition to remembering some of the more challenging aspects of his life and character. In his honor, their choir performed an anthem inspired by one of the hymns Luther himself wrote. Regarding history and theology, the Lutheran Church is the most direct offspring of its namesake’s beliefs. Therefore, the anniversary is very significant for the Rev. Nancy Vogele ‘85, Dartmouth’s Lutheran Campus Minister, and her community at Our Savior Lutheran Church. The church celebrated the anni-
itual significance of Luther’s self-described “Tower Experience.” That is when he realized, after days, if not a lifetime, of spiritual turmoil and meditation, perhaps his most important principle: salvation by grace through faith. The importance of this “Tower Experience” to Rev. Vogele is as indicative of Luther’s internal reformation and personal feeling of doing God’s work in the world. “I call it the reformation before the Reformation,” she says. According to Rev. Vogele, Luther’s values directly guide the operations of the Lutheran Campus Ministry at Dartmouth. “‘Building Community. Deepening Faith. Expanding Minds. Inspiring Service.’ This is the vision of Lutheran Campus Ministry and it guides all that we do for our students. I think it describes Luther’s vision as well
through,” Rev. Lape-Freeberg told The Review. Luther’s outspoken and revolutionary theology indeed put him into bitter conflict with the Catholic Church. His Ninety-five Theses were defined by their attack on the Catholic sacrament of indulgences, which allowed believers to reduce their punishment in purgatory for a price. Luther contested that salvation was achieved by the grace of God through faith and could not be bought or sold. For his heretical preaching, Luther was the subject of a papal bull in 1520 censuring his writings and threatening him with excommunication unless he recanted. In bold defiance of the Pope, who he would later call “the very antichrist,” Luther burned the bull publicly. When called to account for his actions by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of
Collins also esteemed Luther’s role in involving those previously excluded from Christian worship, especially women and children. To commemorate the anniversary, Rev. Collins has been teaching an OSHER@Dartmouth class for the last six weeks on the life and times of Martin Luther, with a particular focus on his theology and spirituality. The course is a part of a lifelong learning program that has enabled him to teach not only members of his congregation, but also members of the broader Dartmouth community. In this way, he sees himself emulating Luther’s model of communal engagement. “Part of what I love about Luther is that he doesn’t separate the spiritual from the secular. He’s a man who lives in the world and we Episcopalians, we like to be living in the world, and the idea that we are some sort of
versary on Sunday with worship and special music, followed by a festive luncheon, including Reformation Ale. Rev. Vogele views the occasion as one that inspires her community to keep moving forward, as she likes to say, “Always Reforming.” Even though the Reformation began around five-hundred years ago, she believes it is one that guides Lutherans “to reform continually in order to serve God in our neighbors.” Rev. Vogele, Our Savior’s Transitional Pastor, is not personally a Lutheran, coming from an Episcopalian background, but has found the experience of leading the Lutheran congregation very enhancing for her religious faith. Her Sunday sermon on focused not on the importance of Luther nailing his Ninety-five Theses to the door of All Saints’ Church, but rather on the spir-
for the church,” Rev. Vogele informed The Review. Although it will be five-hundred years since Luther’s legendary initiation of the Protestant Reformation on Tuesday, it is clear that his legacy lives on with great spiritual significance for many Protestants at Dartmouth, actively shaping their religious communities. Anniversaries of this importance and history are rare and inspire us to think respectfully and intently about the turning points of our civilization. This week, many in our community will take a moment to reflect on what their faith and society owes the decisive actions of a lone German monk centuries ago, and we at The Review intend to do the same. Though a complicated figure, Luther can inspire us all with his intrepid spirit and willingness to strike out against the prevailing current.
On that day in 1517, a monk named Martin Luther is said to have nailed his Ninety-five Theses, a list of severe grievances against the Catholic Church, to the door of All Saints’ Church in Wittenberg, Saxony. With that legendary deed, Luther set into motion a sweeping tide of religious reform throughout Europe that would have serious reverberations throughout all of Christendom and the world.
modern England, and massive continent-wide conflagrations, most notably the Thirty Years’ War. Protestantism, with over nine-hundred million adherents, is the second-largest form of Christianity in the world. Of course, Protestantism is of particular historical importance to the College; Dartmouth was founded by Eleazar Wheelock in affiliation with the Congregationalist movement. This remarkable anniversary provides an historic opportunity to consider what this day means to Protestants, clergy and laity alike, within our community. The Rev. Mandy Lape-Freeberg, who has recently become Senior Pastor of Wheelock’s own Church of Christ at Dartmouth Mr. Bring is a freshman at the College and an associate editor at The Dartmouth Review.
VERILY I SAY UNTO YOU: THOU SHALT READ THE REVIEW.
The Dartmouth Review
Monday – October 30, 2017 11
Reflections on the Bonfire Protests
THE LEGENDARY DARTMOUTH BONFIRE roars on a cool October night
> CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 “Release or create an action plan on what the College will do in case any of its students are persecuted under deportation orders while on campus.” This point goes back to the previous idea of “within the bounds of the law.” If a student has a deportation order and is on campus, there is a limit on how much action the College can take to protect the student. Having a deportation order that is followed by a warrant cannot be stopped or ignored. SNS officers are not going to physically prevent ICE from coming onto campus with a warrant. It is the law. And while for many of us, it seems like the law does not include us because we are not fully part of society, this does not mean we can ignore them or rebel against them. There are dozens of way to deal with our situation lawfully and with activism – not by rebellion. Dartmouth is a school that cares and has the economic capacity to do their best in this scenario. One has to take the initiative to talk to the College in case of emergency; they will have our backs, it’s been clear from the beginning. If they wouldn’t they would not have accepted us or considered us as candidates for this big green family. Family means to care. “Reduce any undocumented immigrants’ student contributions to $0 and provide those funds through financial aid (Not loans).” We are not people that seek handouts from anyone. We are people who have to work harder and more than others to survive. Life is not about getting anything handed out to us. Dartmouth College is a private entity that meets 100% financial aid, and for our community, this means almost a full ride through scholarships and non-government loans. Taking out Dartmouth loans ameliorates the overall cost of attendance. Thus, many students with extreme financial problems will get close to full rides. We also have the ability to work and establish our own
income. If you have DACA, you have a legal work permit that permits you to work in the United Satets. Student contributions vary from student to student, but for our community, the amount is not so high as to impede learning. What if you can’t pay because of new circumstances that have popped up? Well, we are grateful that Dartmouth offers institutional loans that are better than government loans, which we know we do not qualify for. Many banks, institutions and the government do not give loans out to undocumented/DACA students; this college has their own loans and a payback program that is workable. We are getting an education of a lifetime for a fraction of what other students pay or take out in actual government loans. A yearly education in Dartmouth surpasses $70,000 a year. If, over the course of your time here, you cannot work to pay or minimize the student contribution section or if you have a problem taking out loans to cover them, then that is a selfish act because the resources are there and the comparison of 4 years of institution loans to cover student contribution to $70,000 a year is a noticeable one. Be humble, not greedy. We do not want citizens of this country to think we are freeloaders seeking what they cannot. Many remain in debt long after their college years. “Provide funds for legal resources for undocumented students and their families. It is unjust to believe that a student is able to perform while they or their families are under the threat of deportation.” From as long as I’ve been part of this Dartmouth community, I have seen the College’s dedication to the undocumented/DACA community, providing multiple sessions with lawyers through the OVIS offices, where all questions are acceptable and people like Susan Collins can provide with more information on what lies ahead and what can be done. Financial aid could also work
with you if extraneous times have caused a strain in your economic powers. People understand we are all humans, but we have to be proactive and ask what resources are available; we cannot just sit and demand things as if it is our God-given right. I understand that our community is low-income, struggling, and hardworking. It is hard to function in the shadows. It is okay to be scared, but no matter what, we keep going. We maintain the high citizenship we hold to uphold the laws for one-day things will be different. Dartmouth cares, and they will fight for us, but not if we treat them with negativity. “Provide sensitivity training for staff and faculty on un-
rhetoric, it is important to not condemn the entire institution for the actions of a few. Dartmouth has instilled in its values and policies, as well as U.S law, that there are consequences for racism and hatred based on race, gender, ethnicity, and so on. There is no need to blame the institution and demand a condemnation. While this point is not as controversial as others mentioned, it should have gone under the scrutiny of whether or not the way it was stated and released actually was impactful.
are freeloaders, burdens on the government, taking advantage of programs other Americans cannot access. While we know that is not the case, we always have to work hard to get what we want or need. So let’s not give those with negative views a basis for their beliefs by making outlandish claims and demands that undermine who we really are.
“Pressure the Dartmouth Coach to alter routes to avoid the 100-mile radius of the border.”
This doesn’t make sense. Yes, the law does not favor us, and there are people who do not see why immigrants leave their countries. However, what is the goal of this? The College is not going to rebel against US law. There are thousands of people who depend on this college, including this community. For some, the law needs to change and a chance should be given out for those who have been living here and do not have a criminal record. But laws are laws; they cannot just be thrown out the window. Dartmouth College and President Hanlon have shown consistent support from all sides, lobbying congress and politicians, bringing lawyers to campus, creating separate funds for the cost of DACA, and resources that range from mental, physical and emotional health.
According to the ACLU’s 100-mile border zone map, Hanover, NH, and the surrounding area are within the border zone. There’s nothing the Dartmouth Coach can physically do to change the routes. For that, the border zone would need to be changed. While I completely believe the zone is not a safe space for the community, this demand has no real basis as it simply cannot be addressed. This point just seems out of the question, and its incendiary tone just creates tension over an unchangeable thing.
We are not people that seek handouts from anyone. We are people who have to work harder and more than others to survive. Life is not about getting anything handed out to us. documented students’ rights and access to resources.” What are undocumented students’ rights? This country holds liberties and rights for all its people no matter their immigration status. The bill of rights applies to us, due process applies to us, and the law applies to us, within limits. It is our duty to know these rights and to put them to action if necessary. The staff and faculty of the College are adults, professionals, and many are parents and/or immigrants. If there is a clear-cut violation coming from a staff or faculty member that fall in the lines of inappropriate and illegal, then this can be taken up to the College, people you trust, and even police if the situation demands. “Prohibit and condemn hateful language and threats. Reporting students to immigration agencies should result in disciplinary actions.” While this is an important topic because there are people out there who fundamentally disagree with a pro-immigrant
“Our community should be able to travel to and from campus without fear of deportation/detainment. Make transparent resources detailing the policies of bus companies and provide secure travel routes.” This demand goes back to the previous point that geography cannot be changed. We cannot move the border, the routes, or have a safe way to travel just because of the geographical position and the ways laws work. There simply is no safety, and the College cannot do anything about it. The fear of deportation/detention is a fear that we all carry without from the moment we step onto this soil. That fear has not gone away, and it will not go away for a while, and for many of us, while DACA has been rescinded, the work permits and deferred action continues into the future for many. DACA has strong support when it comes to the American population; they view us positively, as hard-working and true Americans. But those that do not support us believe we
“‘Within the bounds of the law’ is meaningless when the law is the problem. Stand up for your community.”
In conclusion, this community needs to be grateful and humble that public education is available to all children, no matter their immigration status. Our parents took a chance to give us a better future. Because of public education, we were able to succeed in our primary years and are currently able to attend an Ivy League institution that had the option of turning a blind eye to the application, like many colleges across the country. Life is tough now, and I’m not saying it hasn’t been easy for me. But in a sense, there is so much we can do, but we cannot push the limits of activism, where it loses its true essence and it becomes just noise for other people. Let’s show everyone why we should be giving the incredible chance of integrating into the American society. Let’s show everyone that we aren’t here to live off programs but to help this great nation flourish and see its best days yet. Let’s not fight those who are there for us. Let’s embrace our power as the activists, friends, and neighbors we all are in this great country of opportunity and hope.
12 Monday – October 30, 2017
The Dartmouth Review
THE LAST WORD GORDON HAFF’S
COMPILED BY SHERIFF RICK GRIMES
“If someone believes they are limited by their gender, race, or background, they will become more limited.” –Carly Fiorina
“I decided that I would work very hard for gay rights. It would be totally dishonorable, being gay, not to do that.” -Former Representative Barney Frank
“Those who believe religiona nd politics aren’t connected don’t understand either.” -Mahatma Ghandi
“Do not ghettoize society by putting people into legal categories of gender, race, ethnicity, language, or other such characteristics.” -Preston Manning
“I don’t think I’ve ever used the term ‘gay rights,’ becasue I don’t really believe in rights based on your behavior.” -Senator Rand Paul
“In my view, church and state should be separate, not only in form, but fact. Religion and politics should not be mingled.” -President Millard Fillmore
“I’m not going to advocate for a female leader who I’m voting for solely on the basis of gender. And I think a lot of people feel that way.” –Ivanka Trump “Hillary Clinton is funded by people who murder homosexuals.” -Milo Yiannapoulos “If any man claims the Negro should be content... let him say he would willingly change the color of his skin and go to live in the Negro section of a large city.” -Robert Kennedy “There are people who were gay and lived a gay lifestyle and aren’t anymore. I don’t know if that’s a similar situation - I don’t think that’s the case with anybody that is black.” -Former Senator Rick Santorum “I am a Republican, a black, dyed in the wool Republican, and I never intend to belong to any other party.” -Frederick Douglass
“I’m saying it loud: I’m a Republican who supports gay rights.” -Mark McKinnon “We’re not willing to water down our beliefs in order to be accepted.” -Austin Weatherby “The College may subject to disciplinary action any employee or student who engages in or encourages: touching, caressing, and other physical conduct of a sexual nature with a person of the same sex.” -Student Handbook of the College of the Ozarks “This is a book about God, guns, grits, and gravy.” -Governor Mike Huckabee “I’m a Christian, a conservative, and a Republican, in that order.” -Vice President Michael Pence “Believing is putting everything you have, your heart, soul, life, putting everything into standing for what’s right.” -Senator Ted Cruz
The Ban-Ender Ingredients • • • •
3 Keystone Lights, warm and halffoam 2 banned Jell-O shots that weren’t in the fridge long enough Buckets of sweat from an intense pong rally 1 cup of acrid, flat Coke to pace yourself
It was Van Winkler’s first night in the frats after President Hanlon opened, by decree, the floodgates on Webster Avenue and allowed a torrent of thirsty freshmen into sticky basements everywhere. He had appropriately pre-gamed on the second floor of Wheeler with a few ‘stones and was ready for the prime time. Having drenched himself in enough Axe Dark Temptation body spray to mask the scent of fear, he approached the door with an unassuming swagger and wearing his favorite Patagonia windbreaker. The door: unmanned. Van’s confidence: unchecked. Making his way down the creaking cellar steps, he found a solitary game of pong in progress. Van was about to proclaim the frat dead and move on down the street, but he was mysteriously drawn to the rhythmic bouncing of the airy, white balls on the table and the intense focus of the brothers consumed by the game. He watched and watched, many minutes passing as he too was drawn into the game. Soon, the brothers rewarded his patience and let him play. It was exuberant. Each bounce of the ball on the table was ecstasy to Van, and it felt to him as if he were soaring high above the New Hampshire dank basement. It was so amazing that he didn’t realize he was losing. Horribly. He did notice something, though. With every shot he missed and every shot his opponents made, Van’s eyelids grew heavier and his limbs fatigued. He was drifting off to sleep. After the game ended, he went upstairs and lay down on one of the house’s faux-leather couches. Groggily, Van arose what seemed to be the next morning. He dusted himself off and began to amble back to his home, Mid-Fayerweather, despite the searing rays of a white-hot sun. He crossed the Green, the gravel tugging at his laden shoes. He eventually made it his room, collapsing wearily onto the ice-cold sheets of his bed. His roommate, agape, was startled by the reappearance of this disheveled fellow. “Bro, where have you been? You missed the whole registration period!” he exclaimed. Van did not react; his mind focused on more important concerns. Where on earth was his Patagonia?
— Scrod Herringford
“It gets lonely: being a conservative on a liberal campus.” -Title of a recent BBC video “Most of us conservatives didn’t suffer from similar injustices, but we saw ourselves nevertheless as victims of ideological oppression.” -Dr. Aaron Hanlon “We are intent on bringing conservative ideas to liberal campuses, or bringing liberal ideas to conservative campuses.” -The Amherst Student “You don’t have to be straight to be in the military; you just have to be able to shoot straight.” -Barry Goldwater “Freedom and religion endure together, or perish alone.” -Mitt Romney “African-Americans watch the same news at night that ordinary Americans do.” -Former President William Clinton