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QUARTERLY PUBLICATION OF DARTMOUTH PEAK PERFORMANCE & DARTMOUTH ATHLETIC SPONSORS WINTER 2015

IN THIS ISSUE THE DEFENSE NEVER RESTS PAGE 10

THE ENERGY EQUATION PAGE 18

STAND TALL LONE PINE PAGE 20

FOR THE HEART

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SOCCER CIRCLE UP The Women’s Soccer team gathers for a few final words before taking the field this season. The Big Green went 8-5-4 in head coach Ron Rainey’s debut season and finished in sole possession of second place in the Ivy League. Juniors Corey Delaney and Jackie Friedman were First-Team All-Ivy honorees, while senior keeper Tatiana Saunders was tabbed Second-Team All-Ivy.

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FEAR THE FORK Men’s Soccer celebrates senior Eric Jayne’s goal in a 2-0 win over Fordham in September. The Big Green went on to win the Ivy League title in 2014 and reached the second round of the NCAA Tournament. Second-year head coach Chad Riley was named the Ivy League Coach of the Year and seven members of the Dartmouth men’s soccer team received All-Ivy status. Seniors Alex Adelabu, Gabe HoffmanJohnson and junior keeper Stefan Cleveland were selected to the first team, while seniors Stefan Drefregger and Colin Heffron were tabbed second team honorees.

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ACADEMIC NOTES

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PEAK

QUARTERLY PUBLICATION OF DARTMOUTH PEAK PERFORMANCE & DARTMOUTH ATHLETIC SPONSORS WINTER 2015

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10 THE DEFENSE NEVER RESTS PEAK went behind the curtain with Defensive Coordinator Don Dobes and all the defensive coaches as they prepared for the football game at Columbia in October. 18 THE ENERGY EQUATION Relative energy deficiency in sport is a hot button issue for athletes at all levels. Learn DP2’s strategies for dealing with this critical question.


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PEAK Dartmouth Peak Performance 6083 Alumni Gym Hanover, NH 03755 EDITOR Drew Galbraith ASSISTANT EDITOR Emily Cummings

22 STAND TALL LONE PINE More and more Big Green teams are using the Lone Pine as a secondary logo. There is even a cheer referencing it. Where did the logo come from?

26 FOR THE HEART Cardiac health and safety are the focus of a new screening protocol designed to protect all Dartmouth studentathletes.

ABOVE: The women’s cross country team celebrates its second consecutive Ivy League Championship in November. The Big Green went on to finish 20th at the NCAA Championship in Indiana and first-year head coach Courtney Jaworski was named Ivy Coach of the Year.

SENIOR WRITER Bruce Wood ADVERTISING Sam Hopkins CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Bob Miller, Donnie Brooks, Claudette Peck, Steven Spaulding Katelyn Stravinsky PHOTOGRAPHY Rob Bossi, Mark Washburn, Gil Talbot, John Risley Problems or Accessibility Issues? dp2@dartmouth.edu © 2015 Trustees of Dartmouth College

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Head Football Trainer Mike Derosier provides the injury report to the entire coaching staff at a Monday morning staff meeting.

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T H E

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EDITORIAL

DON DOBES

is in his fifth year as defensive coordinator for the Dartmouth football team and his 25th year of coaching in the Ivy League. A 1979 graduate of Illinois Wesleyan, where he earned all-conference and academic all-state honors, Dobes recently gave PEAK an inside look at what game week is like for a football lifer and his defensive staff.

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The Big Green is coming off a 24-21 Homecoming win over Holy Cross. After three consecutive victories Dartmouth is returning to Ivy League play at Columbia on Oct. 25.

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S I X D AY S U N T I L K I C KO F F Sunday, it is the proverbial day of rest but not for the defensive staff. By 9:30 in the morning Dobes is visiting the training room to check on injuries from the Holy Cross game, and by 10 he is in his office on the third floor of Floren Varsity House grading video from the game against the Crusaders. Defensive line coach Duane Brooks and secondary coach Sammy McCorkle are in their own offices doing the same thing. “Each one of the position coaches breaks down their guys,” Dobes explains. “We call it a production chart. It will have plus, minuses and zeros. Each week you can see who is highly productive.” The players will receive copies of their grades when they meet. “They are actually sitting there with the whole game sheet with down, distance, play and formation,” Dobes says. “They can see my notes, Sammy’s notes and Duane’s notes. So they can see why they got what they got grade wise, and what our coaching point is.” After a full staff meeting at noon in which the Holy Cross game is reviewed there is a quick team meeting at 2. By 2:15 Dobes is in the special teams meeting and then he runs a 2:45 defensive unit meeting where video of the second half of Holy Cross will be shown. “We only have X-amount of time on Sunday, so I am trying to make sure we see the most impactful part of the game, when there are coaching points that we want to make sure we cover as a staff,” Dobes says. “We like doing that as a defensive staff together because our whole philosophy on defense is we are a unit together. It’s not my linebackers, it’s not Duane’s ‘D’ line,

they aren’t Sammy’s ‘D-Bs.’ We are all in this together. “I tell the guys early on, ‘If Coach Brooks says something at linebacker, that’s the same thing as me saying something.’ Same with Sammy about the line, or me with the DB’s.” From 3:45-4:30 there is a light session for the players on Memorial Field, getting the kinks out from Holy Cross. Starting at 5:30 the defensive staff meets to bat around final thoughts from Holy Cross and to watch Columbia’s 31-7 loss at Penn that same afternoon. The Lions began the year with their transfer quarterback from Stanford leading the offense but when he left the team the defensive staff had to scramble to build up a dossier on his replacement. “We need to see what the new kid is good at,” Dobes says. “So we are trying to think along with their offensive coordinator to try to find out what they are going to do with him.” Because the Lions’ new QB played the fourth quarter of last year’s game in Hanover, that video draws a look. Around 7:30 the defensive staff begins its breakdown of the next opponent. In brief, the Columbia picture looks like this: “The quarterback is a kid that who is going to get rid of the ball quick,” Dobes says. “We think he actually has better accuracy and might be a little bit of a better leader than the previous guy. It seems that the guys will play for him. “We really like the tailback. We know they are young at offensive line with both guards being young kids so we want to try to take advantage of them with our defensive line and defensive tackles. We want to start creating matchups for them. Receiver-wise, we have to figure out who is their go-to guy.” By 9 p.m. Dobes is back home making recruiting calls. It has been a short day for the defensive coordinator.

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M O N D AY, O C T. 2 0

F I V E D AY S U N T I L K I C KO F F Dobes’ alarm clock goes off at 5:07 a.m. It is just a 12-minute commute from his place in Lebanon to Floren but given the crazy hours he puts in this time of year he likes to have a decent breakfast with a little fruit and a cup of tea before heading out. Settling in at his desk at 6:15, Dobes is working unsuccessfully at getting his in-box to zero, and to put in some time watching recruiting videos before things get crazy. Email is a time sucker and he will avoid it like the plague during the day. “Unless I see something from one of the (player) families or one of the guys saying that they have a class conflict or something like that, I don’t look at it,” he says. “But if it’s got anything to do with prospects, I won’t touch it on Monday or Tuesday, unless I do that early in the morning.” At 9 a.m. Dobes will be fully in involved with Columbia. “Mondays are big days for what we call, being in the science” he says. “What we mean is we’re trying to break down all the ingredients that make whoever we are playing special. And then kind of start formulating what our game plan is going to be.” At 11 the full staff assembles in the meeting room to review the War Board, which lists the recruiting battles being fought. Each week recruiting at two or three positions are reviewed. On this Monday those positions are quarterback and safety. The coaches who have quarterbacks or safeties Dartmouth is considering in the areas they recruit have already shared that information with the coach who handles those positions. The position coaches, in turn, have ranked the recruits. “We talk about what’s going on with those kids,” Dobes says. “What are they saying to us? Where are they ranked? What else do we need from them either from an admissions standpoint or a financial aid standpoint? Does the head coach need to talk to them? We are putting together lists of 3-4 guys for the head

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coach to call during the week.” Dobes is back breaking down Columbia at noon. At 2:30 he heads into town to buy cold medicine. There is no time to be sick. “You can’t allow that to happen,” he says. Whether it is the miracle of modern medicine or the power of prayer, whatever was stalking Dobes reverses field and by Thursday it will be a memory. Dobes is back in Floren in time to meet with a reporter from the school newspaper and then puts in three solid hours of Columbia breakdown. From 7 p.m. until 9:30 the defensive staff meets and works on the gameplan. At 10 Dobes calls it a day.

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F O U R D AY S U N T I L K I C KO F F Dobes is at his desk by 6:15 and soon has markers in hand drawing up plays on 8x11 card stock. To best prepare the defense to counter the Columbia offense someone has to run the Lions’ offense. That will be the duty of what he calls the “demo” team, made up largely of freshmen and reserves. So everyone knows where they should be the players will be shown cards with squiggly lines helping illustrate various plays. “Duane will do probably 20 each week,” Dobes says. “I will do somewhere in the 50-to-60 range. Sammy will probably do 30-to-40. And then (nickels coach) Mike Bruno and (quality control assistant) Justin Karrat will do another 12-to-15 each. So we will have about 100 cards on Columbia. Then I will mix and match them based on down and distance and field position.” The cards take a lot of time. Kiely Nagle, the running backs coach, and quality control assistant Jerry Taylor use the computer to make up cards. Not McCorkle, who likes to use


colored markers for different receivers. And not Dobes. “We are old school,” he says. “I like seeing it on paper. I like doing it because it helps me see what the issues are, what problems they can create, and it helps me to formulate a game plan.” At 11 the full coaching staff convenes for an injury report, to discuss how to handle possible bad weather for the first Columbia practice, and to begin to map out a recruiting travel plan for head coach Buddy Teevens and the area coaches when the season ends. Then it’s more work on cards and finalizing the practice script before pre-practice, a full team meeting, a special teams meeting, and position meetings. Dobes finally gets outside at 4 to set up drills and from 4:15to-6:35 has the first official Columbia practice. It is a relief. “On the field is the best part of the day,” he says. “It is a total scramble to get to that point.” From 7:30 until 9 p.m. Dobes watches practice and reviews corrections that are needed. When he started his coaching career that would have been impossible. But with the onset of videotape and then digital video, everything has changed. “It is amazing how quick it is at our fingertips,” Dobes says. “Within a half an hour of walking off the field Mike and Justin have entered a play-by-play. Down and distance, field position, gain, what we called, what coverage we called. And then there will be printouts that we have as we are watching so each one of us can make notes for the kids and for ourselves.” At 9:30 Dobes heads home and begins making recruiting calls. “I’ve usually got some game on the TV with no volume while I’m dialing numbers,” he says. “We try to average 15-to-20 calls a week. You might have your iPad on also, so you’re looking at emails. It’s a juggling act.” The lights go out at 11.

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T H R E E D AY S U N T I L K I C KO F F An hour after his 6:15 arrival at Floren Dobes is readying for a discussion of Columbia’s third-down tendencies. From 7:30 until 10:30 it is a point of emphasis, as it will be in practice. Dobes begins preparing for his linebacker meeting at 2:30 and meets with his position players from 3 until 3:50. Then it’s back on the field for a much sharper session. He’s pleased with the demo team, which seems to have a better handle on the Columbia offense in its second day running the Lions’ plays. The front-line players are still thinking about the adjustments the coaches have made rather than making them instinctively, but all in all it’s a good practice. There are too many players in red and yellow vests signifying injuries but there are fewer than earlier in the week, and that’s a good thing. After reviewing practice the coaches take a half hour to eat their dinners before getting back to work. “Buddy is really good about that,” an appreciative Dobes says. “He has something coming in for us Sunday night through Wednesday night. One night is pizza night. Another night it’s Boloco or Big Fatty’s. Once in a while some of the wives or moms will cook. Cortez Hankton’s mom has come in and cooked for us a couple of Sunday nights.” On Thursday night Dobes is on his own. “It is usually Popcorn Thursday,” says. “Friday we are usually somewhere with the team. Saturday night it’s a tailgate or going out with the girlfriend to someplace like Three Tomatoes in Lebanon.” After dinner and until 9:30 or so Dobes is back on the phone calling recruits and evaluating high school video. When Dobes finally gets home, he will be asleep when his head hits the pillow. In season 5 1/2 hours is a good night’s sleep. “During the week I am like a light switch,” he says. “I put my head down and I’m asleep unless there is something bothering

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me about what we are trying to solve. “If there’s an issue with a certain play, a certain coverage, I will think about it during the night. There have been times I have actually gotten up in the middle of the night and jotted things down because it’s come to me, the answer for what we are looking for. Then I will check it in the morning and we will look at it as a staff.”

T H U R S D AY, O C T. 2 3

T W O D AY S U N T I L K I C KO F F Dobes sleeps in – he doesn’t arrive until 6:30 a.m. After an hour clearing his computer he is reviewing practice video periods such as special categories, team, 9-on-7, skeleton and twominute drills. At 10 the depth chart is getting a once-over with a discussion of injuries and options as well as personnel packages. Fifteen minutes later it’s time to organize practice and review the game plan for “critical calls.” The full staff meeting kicks off at 11 with the academic advisor and head trainer taking up the first few minutes, followed by the coaches sharing updates from their recruiting calls. The coaches go over the practice schedule and finalize the travel roster. After 45 minutes it is back to drawing up cards and the Thursday script, which mirrors everything Columbia is expected to do with regard to field position and down and distance. During a 10-minute team meeting at 2:30 the weekend schedule is discussed, and at 2:40 Dobes heads up the defensive line meeting because Brooks is away on a recruiting trip. When his 3:10 position meeting with the linebackers finishes Dobes heads out to the field for the final full practice before Columbia. At 6:30 he’s back in his office among all the thick black notebooks finishing up the game plan and putting it on the “call sheet” he will have with him on Saturday in New York City. Ninety minutes later Dobes is clearing his emails, making recruiting calls and watching recruit videos. At 9 he heads home where he will make recruiting calls until 10:30, and then take care of personal matters that keep being put off. Like paying bills.

F R I D AY, O C T. 2 4

O N E D AY U N T I L K I C KO F F Dobes arrives at the office at 7:30. It is travel day. He gets his bags packed with all the paraphernalia of a modern coach, corrects Thursday’s practice tape and then double-checks that

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he has everything he needs for the weekend. “We have a Friday tape and we want to make sure that is done and ready to go,” he says. “We’ll be having a walk-through (at The Hackley School in New York) so we want to make sure we have that organized and ready to go.” After a 9 a.m. staff meeting he finishes his notes and at 10 starts heading down for the bus. The bus rolls at 10:30. The players and coaches will finally disembark at 3:30 for quick walk-through to shake the bus out of their legs. They check into the Westchester Marriott at 4:15. Dobes and the staff meet with the players for dinner at 6:30 and after a nice meal he’s meeting with special teams at 7:15, the full team at 7:50, and the defensive unit from 8 until 8:45. While the team relaxes, Dobes goes back to work, polishing the gameplan. “To me, Friday nights on the road are the best, most peaceful night,” he says. “Once we get done with the meetings I can go into my room and watch probably a half of Columbia’s last two games and actually break it down again based on our calls, what gave them trouble and what didn’t. I can review and revamp exactly what we think they are going to do, and what we want to do against them.”

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G A M E D AY Dobes is up and working out in the Marriott fitness center by 6:30. It is a rare opportunity and one he relishes. “About the only chance I have to work out is once in a while on Friday, and then any Saturday on the road,” he says. Thanks to eating in the office and few opportunities to work out, the season is not good for most coaches’ waistlines. Dobes says even if the scale doesn’t show it he can feel like he’s put on 10 or 15 pounds by the time Thanksgiving rolls around. “It is a battle to stay in shape, to eat healthy and do the right things in this business,” he says. “That’s one of the reasons why I stand all the time when I am in my office now. I’m trying to find ways to fight calories and feel better during the season.” By 7:30 the defensive coordinator is in his room watching more Columbia video and at 9:30 he joins the team for breakfast. Thankfully, Columbia isn’t a late game and everyone is on the bus and headed for Wien Stadium at 10:45. “I love getting up early and getting going,” he says. “It’s the late afternoon and evening games that drive you nuts. You really feel like, hey let’s get up, lets eat, and let’s get going.” The team takes the field for warmups at 12:40 but before the 1:30 kickoff, Dobes has to prepare his body for the stress ahead. “Most of us will take some aspirin or Tylenol before the game,” he explains. “Some guys will do Red Bulls and things like that. By the time it’s over you are spent emotionally and


DON DOBES’ physically. It takes it out of you whether it’s charging the guys up, whether it’s making adjustments, and whether or not it’s a rollercoaster of a game.” After Dartmouth’s 27-7 victory the travel party grabs the takeout dinner that was delivered to the stadium off folding tables outside the locker room. Dobes greets family members of the players and well-wishers before he escapes to the the sanctuary of the bus and takes a much-deserved, if abbreviated, nap. When he awakens out comes the iPad, which already features video “cut ups” from the win over Columbia. While the players behind him are napping, listening to music through their omnipresent headphones, or working on homework, Dobes is grading the game and answering texts congratulating him on the Big Green improving to 5-1. The bus rolls into Hanover at 10:50 p.m. and Dobes has finished grading three quarters. “Being able to do that on the bus is an incredibly valuable use of time,” he says. “That allows you to go to church on Sunday, or stop at the Fort and grab breakfast before coming in and finishing up your grading.” And then it’s time to do it all over again with Harvard coming to town.

COACHING CAREER 1979-80 DE PAUW UN IVE RSITY ( GRADUATE ASSISTAN T) 1981-85 UN IVE RSITY OF PE N N SYLVAN IA 1986-88 RICE UN IVE RSITY 1989-92 TE MPL E UN IVE RSITY 1993 ROWAN UN IVE RSITY 1994-2009 PRIN CE TON UN IVE RSITY 2010-Present DARTMOUTH COL L E GE

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EDITORIAL

Y G R E N E N THE

O I T A U EQ

RELATIVE ENERGY DEFICIENCY IN SPORT IS A HOT BUTTON ISSUE FOR ATHLETES AT ALL LEVELS. LEARN DP2’S STRATEGIES FOR DEALING WITH THIS CRITICAL QUESTION. 16

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ACADEMIC NOTES

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laudette Peck knows what the student-athletes were thinking at first. Some of them at least. Peck works in the Dartmouth athletic department as the DP2 nutritionist several days a week but she’s also cochair of the eating disorder team in her role as staff nutritionist at Dick’s House, headquarters of the Dartmouth College Health Service. When a DP2 initiative began screening athletes in three sports for energy deficiency during the fall Peck knew her Dicks’ House work would lead to a perception in the minds of some that the main goal of the program was to identify underweight endurance athletes who had eating disorders and sideline them. That’s not the case. Athletes with eating disorders may in fact be identified by the screening, but they are only a subset of a much larger group of athletes the program is trying to identify and more importantly, help perform better and lead healthy lives. “It is very, very Claudette Peck important for me to have people understand that what we are looking for really has very little to do with an eating disorder,” Peck explained. “It has much more to do with athletes who are unknowingly underconsuming calories and as such have things physiologically happening in their body that may ultimately affect both their performance and their health.” Dartmouth’s Relative Energy Deficiency for Sport (RED-S) Policy has its roots in a pair of consensus statements released last winter in The BMJ (the British Journal of Medicine) and by the International Olympic Committee, which coined the RED-S term. RED-S broadens the scope of testing from the Female Athlete Triad, which was centered around energy availability, menstrual function and bone health in women.

“We decided to use the RED-S term because we know our male athletes can struggle with (energy deficiency) as well,” said Peck. “We wanted to be able to be inclusive of them without this being just a female issue.” Dr. Susan Ackerman, co-Director of the Female Athlete Program, Division of Sports Medicine Boston Children’s Hospital, is at the forefront of the study of low energy issues in athletes. She traveled Dartmouth to consult on the RED-S program. “Most of the research has been done on women,” Ackerman said. “We know that there are certainly easier signs to see in women, such as the absence of their menstrual cycle. That makes women easier to study, and we know that the hormonal milieu in women has a very close effect to their bone density. “We just need to find out more about men. It may not be as severe in them. They may not have as significant sequelae in terms of their bone health, but they may have other significant sequelae that we have to research more. So what the IOC is calling for is further research and making sure that we are paying attention to this issue in men and other populations, which is what Dartmouth is doing.” According to Peck, 51 athletes from three sports were screened this fall and 13 of those were referred for further screening. Of the first nine to be looked at more closely, a handful were found to have an issue that needed to be addressed. “It might be something as simple as low iron, or low ferritin,” Peck said. “But they were unaware. Or they were aware of something because they were symptomatic, but they didn’t know what it was. “The important thing is we’ve been able to provide some intervention in ways that we think may have prevented a slump. Anecdotally I have one of those students who came to me and had a history of low iron

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EDITORIAL

before and thought she was doing OK. But she was frustrated with her performance this fall.” Without the RED-S screening, that athlete may have unintentionally made her condition worse by training that much more, according to Nordic ski coach Cami Thompson Graves. “We have these athletes who are so selfmotivated,” said Graves. “They are used to working hard and getting what they want. So it is just counterintuitive to back off. This is a way to get through to them.” The frustrated student with the low iron history Peck worked with had her issue resolved before it could worsen. “She said she was so angry with herself and felt like she should work harder because she’s not competing with the team,” said Peck. “We identified low iron. She started a supplement and emailed me to say she felt great. She said she’s so glad she had a test done because now she is doing really well. “We addressed it early on and didn’t let it linger and become more of a morale killer. The goal is to provide our athletes with some education, our ideas about what we think is happening, and how best to intervene.” Graves applauds the introduction of the screening protocol. “I have seen year after year, after year, people work so hard and do great and for whatever reason they derail themselves by not having enough fuel, or their body shutting down, or something in the RED-S picture going awry,” she said. “All that training is down the tubes. This is a way to keep people on track. “Four years goes by so fast and it’s just a bummer to lose a season because you weren’t eating the right way, or paying attention to your body signs.” One of the interesting byproducts of the first screening was a confirmation of the importance of what they were doing, according to Peck. “What we noticed was that some of the folks that popped up on our screen had been injured already and had already been in our athletic training rooms for season after season with chronic injuries,” she said. “That kind of solidified it for us in terms of wanting to make sure if our athletes are going to come to Dartmouth they are going to be able to participate, and we can help them do it in a really healthy way.”

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Peck will admit she wasn’t sure how the program would be greeted by coaches of the sports involved in the pilot screening. To that end, care was taken to make sure they understood the goal wasn’t to disqualify athletes from competing but rather to enable those who might be at risk to continue, to improve, and to avoid complications later in the season or later in their lives. “We met with all of the coaches that we are doing pilot screenings with and did a thorough explanation of the data and the research,” Peck said. “We explained why we think the screening is important and kind of left it to them to ask questions. We anticipated we might get some pushback and we haven’t gotten any. “Our coaches understand that this is really a preventative issue. This is something that will help to keep their athletes out of the training room with injury, and is hopefully succeeding for them. For us, it’s been a winwin situation.” To better explain the importance of screening coaches were given a handout pointing out that, in addition to the Female Triad issues of energy availability, menstrual function and bone health, RED-S “may affect many other aspects of physiological function in male and female athletes including: metabolic rate, immunity, protein synthesis, cardiovascular health, and psychological health.” Dartmouth’s screening initiative is a clear step forward according to Dr. Ackerman. “I think what they are doing is pioneering,” she said, “because they’ve done a thorough job examining the Female Athlete Triad Coalition’s treatment and return to play guidelines along with the IOC RED-S guidelines to try to come up with something that is user-friendly. The goal is to be a little bit more aware of the topic of energy deficiency, and identify athletes at risk without severely restricting their activity. “I think a lot of coaches in the past have been scared to really look into this topic because they were afraid of the consequences of it. So what Dartmouth is doing very well is they are showing that we can be proactive and prevent injuries if we really enter the discussion about energy deficiency and the effects on bone health and other injuries.”


ACADEMIC NOTES HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF RELATIVE ENERGY DEFICIENCY IN SPORT (RED-S)

IMMUNOLOGICAL GASTROINTESTINAL

MENSTRUCAL FUNCTION

CARDIOVASCULAR

TRIAD

BONE HEALTH

RED-S ENDOCRINE

PSYCHOLOGICAL*

GROWTH+ DEVELOPMENT

METABOLIC HEMATOLOGICAL

FIGURE 1: HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF RELATIVE ENERGY DEFICIENCY IN SPORT (RED-S) Showing an expanded concept of the Female Athlete Triad to acknowledge a wider range of outcomes and the application to male athletes (*Psychological consequences can either precede RED-S or be the result of RED-S). Adapted from Constantini 54 Mountjoy M, Sundgot-Borgen J, Burke L, et al. Br. J Sports Med 2014; 48:491-497. The IOC consensus statement: beyond the Female Athlete Triad -- Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S).

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STAND TALL LONE PINE MORE AND MORE BIG GREEN TEAMS ARE USING THE LONE PINE AS A SECONDARY LOGO. THERE IS EVEN A CHEER REFERENCING IT. WHERE DID THE LOGO COME FROM?

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IT IS A GREAT SYMBOL OF WHAT GOING TO SCHOOL AT DARTMOUTH AND PLAYING ANY SPORT HERE IS ALL ABOUT

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ohn Scotford weighed 134 pounds soaking wet when he went out for football as a Dartmouth freshman, and he tipped the scales at a fully grown 135 pounds upon graduation. Little wonder that he never made much of a mark in a football uniform. But 80 years after he arrived at Dartmouth the 1938 graduate has left his mark quite literally on the Big Green football uniform. Scotford, the former college designer, created the stylized Lone Pine for the 1969 Dartmouth Bicentennial celebration that appeared for the first time this fall on the sleeve of the Big Green football uniforms. The design honors the college’s Old Pine, a towering tree that grew on Observatory Hill and was believed to predate Dartmouth’s founding in 1769. It was struck by lightning in 1887 and finally cut down in February of 1895. Long a symbol of the college, the Old Pine earned a spot in the American Foresty Association’s National Hall of Fame in 1922. The Old Pine is now widely referred to as the Lone Pine. Scotford’s graceful design appeared on football programs in 1969 and flies over the Green each day alongside the American flag. It showed up on cross country and track singlets three years ago, is now on volleyball and football uniforms, and will be more widely seen in years to come. “I think it is something that separates us,” said Athletic Director Harry Sheehy of the design. “We don’t have a mascot so I think a signature emblem like that is important. It is a secondary mark for us, so we are going to control the size of it and where it shows and all that. But it’s Dartmouth. “We thought it was time to do some interesting and creative things with the Lone Pine as well as the Dartmouth ‘D’.” Senior co-captain Stephen Dazzo feels the addition of the Lone Pine to the sleeve of the football uniforms is fitting given the push to give Memorial Field and other Dartmouth athletic facilities the nickname The Woods. “I think it is awesome,” Dazzo said. “It is a great symbol of what going to school at Dartmouth and playing any sport here is all about. You really are up here in The Woods.” As the last of four siblings to wear a Dartmouth uniform, Colleen “Beaner” McManus is a freshman who has an interesting perspective on the Big Green athletic scene. She’s a fan of the design and it’s use. “Aesthetically, I like the Lone Pine and think it’s a classic looking icon which also harbors historic significance dating back to the

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earliest days of Dartmouth,” she said. “It is a unique and authentic symbol of our school, which adds to its appeal. … “Given the lack of a school mascot, it’s fun to have a more creative logo to compliment the block D.” Exactly where the Lone Pine will show up next is still to be determined. “Any time you loosen up on something like this there is the chance that it is going to go wild on you,” said Sheehy. “So we are going to try to moderate it pretty closely because I do think that it can be distinguishing, and yet we need to use it properly.” Now that it is finally appearing on uniforms and occasional athletic department publications the symbol has helped spawn a new cheer that is starting to be heard and seen at Dartmouth athletic events: Stand tall (clap, clap) Stand tall (clap, clap) L-ohhhhhh-ne Pine. With that, the student body raises its arms and joins its hands in a representation of the shape of Scotford’s tree. “(Assistant Athletic Director) Donnie Brooks introduced that,” said Sheehy. “Again, we are just trying to do some things that separate us and we think the Lone Pine does that. It is such a great part of the history and tradition of this place. We felt like we were under utilizing it, to be honest.” Scotford helped design Dartmouth football program covers but was disappointed that the logo didn’t get more widespread use by the college athletic department during his lifetime. The designer popularly known as Scotty gave up football as a freshman and switched to gymnastics the next year. He majored in art history and created a well-known 1940 Dartmouth Winter Carnival poster that can still be purchased online. Among of his other famous posters promoted the Dartmouth Skiway. He went on to have a successful career in advertising and book promotion and even designed a font called Scotforduncial before returning to Dartmouth. Scotford worked as assistant director of the Hopkins Center and was chairman of the Bicentennial exhibits committee. In September of 1969, the U.S. Postal Service issued a 6¢ stamp he designed to honor the 150th anniversary of Daniel Webster and The Dartmouth College Case. He died on Dec. 10, 2000 but the Lone Pine lives on.


DARTMOUTH ATHLETIC

ACADEMIC NOTES

SPONSORS WHO ARE THE ATHLETIC SPONSORS?

Athletic Sponsors include more than 1,000 Dartmouth alumni, parents and supporters who love Dartmouth, who love sports, who either played or watched athletics as undergraduates, and who feel that Dartmouth should be a leader in the classroom and on the field. We are men and women in our 20’s and our 90’s and we are represented by nearly every class. WHY DO WE DO WHAT WE DO?

We know that success on the playing surface begins long before the contest starts... it has its genesis in recruiting. Without outstanding talent, success can only be an occasional dream. We are therefore committed to providing Dartmouth coaches with the resources they need to recruit exceptional student-athletes. We also know that Dartmouth has a unique and powerful trump card. The campus is close to irresistible when experienced in person. That’s Dartmouth’s edge! The trick is to get impact scholar-athletes face to face with this great institution to make a decision for Dartmouth. That’s the primary focus of what we do. We fly student-athletes to Hanover and send coaches to their homes. HOW IMPORTANT IS THIS TO THE COLLEGE?

Very! While the NCAA allows one paid visit to campus, the Ivy League legislates that those expenses cannot be budgeted items. That’s where we come in. We provide the non-budgeted funds. Every year we fly in about 250 potential impact athletes, and of those recruits accepted by the Admissions Office, the vast majority (about 90%) decide to enroll at Dartmouth. WHAT CAN YOU EXPECT?

Satisfaction and pride! You’ll be sent our official online newsletter Peak, and your name will be listed in the next season’s home football programs. If you choose certain membership levels (see box at right) you will also be informed of a specific athlete whose recruiting trip your donation made possible, so you can follow his or her progress through four years at Dartmouth. Most important, all Sponsors share the rewards of helping young men and women make a decision to embark on the very special “Dartmouth Experience.” That’s the real reason our program has grown from 6 members in 1955 to more than 1,000 today!

Sponsors and Friends enjoy the complimentary pre-game tent overlooking Memorial Field at each home football game

MEMBERSHIP LEVELS

ADDITIONAL BENEFITS

$300-$599

Assigned a recruit every 3-4 years

$600-$1199

Assigned a recruit every 1-2 years and listed on our Leadership display in Alumni Gym

$1200-$4999

Assigned recruit annually, Leadership display & special recognition in football program

$5000 & up

Assigned recruit annually, Leadership display, special recognition in the football program & VIP Reception at Homecoming

To contact the Athletic Sponsor Program office, please call 603-646-2463 or email Athletic.Sponsor.Program@Dartmouth.edu P E A K | WI N TER 201 4

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EDITORIAL

FOR THE HEART CARDIAC HEALTH AND SAFETY ARE THE FOCUS OF A NEW SCREENING PROTOCOL DESIGNED TO PROTECT ALL DARTMOUTH STUDENT-ATHLETES.

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IN A PERFECT WORLD, DR. TIM BEAVER WOULD HAVE THE BEST SEAT IN THE HOUSE AND NOTHING TO DO BUT CHEER DARTMOUTH TEAMS ON TO VICTORY. “If I am on the sideline, I should just be there, never doing anything,” said Beaver, Associate Director of Echocardiography and Staff Cardiologist at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center. “Charlie Carr (Dartmouth’s director of sports medicine and an orthopaedic surgeon) is on the sideline because if somebody breaks something or blows out their knee, he needs to be there immediately. “What we are trying to do is prevent anything from ever happening.” It’s not a perfect world, of course, which is why Beaver and Dr. Jack Turco, director of the Dartmouth College Health Service, have teamed up with DP2 to add another layer of safety for the college’s athletes. In the fall of 2013, the two doctors were instrumental in Dartmouth implementing a cardiac screening protocol for all incoming athletes that for the first time includes an on-campus electrocardiogram. Originally intended to be phased in over four years by conducting EKGs with each successive class until all athletes had been screened, the program has been expanded to include all athletes competing on all Dartmouth varsity teams. Although the cardiac screening program began before cross country skier Torin Tucker and classmate Blaine Steinberg died last winter from extremely rare heart conditions, those tragedies played a part in Dartmouth deciding that every varsity athlete should be tested. While Beaver and Turco agree it is highly doubtful an EKG performed when they were freshmen would have saved either member of the Class of ’15, they know such testing might help prevent the next tragedy should an athlete

have a more readily identifiable condition. “The bottom line is that Dartmouth, above all else, is interested in safe participation,” said Beaver. “That’s what we’re trying to do.” Dartmouth ski coach Ruff Patterson applauds the implementation of the EKG testing. “From the point of view of the athlete and their family, and all of us as coaches, the more safety protocols that we can put into place the better, with cardiac screening being one that is very important,” he said. “The more prechecking we can do for any number of things the better off we are going to be.” Men’s track coach Barry Harwick feels the same way. “I have been a college coach for over 35 years and I have never had a situation like that happen to one of my athletes,” he said. “But I’m certainly glad that the testing is in place just to find the rare anomalies that happen sometimes. The EKG is a very important, valid service.” Historically, Turco explained, all Dartmouth athletes were required to submit two forms to assure they were medically fit to compete in varsity athletics. One was the general history that all students fill out. The second was an Athletic History and Physical Exam form that the student-athlete’s health care provider would complete. The latter form touched on 12 cardiac-related risk factors that different sports organizations in the United States and cardiac sports organizations recommend be addressed. Among the dozen risk factors the athlete’s health care provider back home reviewed was whether the student-athlete had a close relative die before age 50 due

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to heart disease, whether a close relative under the age of and how we are going to do it.” 50 had disability from heart disease, and whether there This year’s freshmen underwent EKG testing at Dick’s had been prior recognition of a heart murmur. House during several sessions in late August and early The focused physical exam section included checking September. In addition to the EKG, the 12 cardiac-related the bilateral femoral pulses and the brachial artery blood areas that have historically been addressed by the home pressure in both arms while the student-athlete was medical provider were checked locally. seated. Those athletes with an abnormal EKG quickly “We’ve had those questions incorporated for years,” underwent an on-site echocardiogram. explained Turco of the old protocol. “That would be “There are some well-known abnormalities that evaluated through our office. Anything that was answered you can pick up on echo like hypertrophic obstructive yes would come to my desk and then we would make a cardiomyopathy,” Turco explained. “That’s what a lot of decision whether we should do more. people can die suddenly from, and you can pick it up on “In the past, you only had an EKG if you had an echo.” abnormality in your questions. And I Beaver was at Dick’s House helping would say with young, healthy people like oversee the testing and reading the results this, probably only one in 20 would need in real time. to get an EKG.” “We had portable echocardiogram in The implementation of the new one of the rooms here,” Turco said in his cardiac protocol that includes an on Dick’s House office. “So the two or three campus physical exam as well as the people that needed them got them that OF VARSITY ATHLETES EKG traces back to a talk given at the same night.” Ivy League sports medicine meeting by That offered two real benefits. One was COMPLETED 12-POINT Dr. Aaron Baggish, the associate director that the student-athletes could be cleared EXAM AND EKG for the Cardiovascular Performance right away to return to practice. Program at the Massachusetts General “The other thing is when you tell Hospital Heart Center who was having all Harvard someone you have an abnormal EKG they are anxious and athletes undergo EKGs in his role as the university’s team their family is anxious,” Turco explained. “We wanted to be physician and cardiologist. appreciative of that and try to get things done quickly.” What Turco and Beaver heard when they met with The echocardiogram and its on-site reading gave all of Baggish in Boston led them to suggest Dartmouth the tested athletes the OK to return to action. consider the new cardiac protocol both for the safety of “We haven’t picked up anything that would prevent Big Green athletes as well as to contribute data to the someone from playing,” said Turco. “It certainly is possible study of sudden death in athletes. that we could have found an abnormality that would have, Although issues like those that affected Tucker and but those, fortunately, are few and far between.” Steinberg might be undetectable and the incidence of any Even if there had been findings that were borderline significant abnormality would be slight, “There are some concerning it wouldn’t necessarily have meant the end of things you definitely can pick up,” Turco said. “And the an athlete’s career. more numbers you get the better. We said that maybe we “What Dartmouth is about is an informed can team up with Harvard, and if Princeton does it, pool participation,” Beaver said. “So if you find something, all of the data.” it doesn’t necessarily always exclude someone from “Everybody at the college has gone into this with the participating, but it will help the athlete and their family right attitude,” said Beaver. “It is, we are trying to make understand what the consequences and the risks are of sure everyone is safe and also contribute to the greater participating, even if it is not a high risk.” good overall. It is a way to help shape the future. Having an expert like Beaver who knows how to read “Jack and I, the trainers and everyone involved has an athlete’s echo – which can appear abnormal to the spent a lot of time having meetings and talking about this someone unfamiliar with an athlete’s heart – reduced the

100%

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THE MORE PEOPLE THAT UNDERSTAND THE WARNING SIGNS, WHETHER IT IS FACULTY, TRAINERS, COACHES OR OTHER STUDENTS, THE BETTER

risk of false diagnoses, one of the reasons why EKG testing isn’t universally embraced. Another reason: the incidence of abnormalities is so rare. “What we hope to do, and it will be very interesting to see five years from now when more data is in and it’s really looked at, is determine whether this is cost effective,” said Turco. “That’s always a difficult thing to say when you’re talking about a death, but ultimately it’s whether it is cost effective to screen everybody with an EKG.” Another benefit to Dartmouth doing the cardiac protocol is that it will afford the opportunity to study how the results sent in by the student-athlete’s medical provider at home hold up against the results found locally. “Is there evidence that when you ask people to do it at home it doesn’t get done as well?” asked Turco. “Or is it better to have a dedicated group doing them over and over again? It would be interesting to tease that out. “What you might find is something like 20 percent of people don’t get pulses done in the groin on both sides, which is important.” Conducting the on-site EKG and the entire cardiac protocol benefits not just the student-athletes who have been tested at Dick’s House but those who will come after them, which is why Patterson, the cross country ski coach who lost an athlete last year, applauds the effort. “These things are being put in place and in Torin’s case it may or may not have made a difference, “ he said. “But it is going to make a difference, if it hasn’t already. When tragedies happen we can not only mourn, but learn from them.” That’s a key component of the Dartmouth protocol according to Beaver. “The NCAA and the American College of Cardiology three years ago created a sports and exercise council,”

he explained. “They are trying to get cardiologists of the future to understand the athlete better, which is important because the majority of our population from a cardiology standpoint is Medicare-age people. “We do have younger patients, but they have more traditional diseases, so understanding athletes and the screening test that you do on them is important. That’s why having the Cardiology Fellows involved in this process is an important educational piece for them.” Also important, according to Beaver, is the next step in making participation safer not only for the athletes, but for everyone around them. Basketball’s Hank Gathers and Pete Maravich collapsed and died. The NHL’s Rich Peverly, 15-year-old local basketball player Chris Roberge, and a parent a at a local high school basketball game last year survived incidents. “What did the ones who lived have in common?” Beaver asked. “They got defibrillated. There was a defibrillator on the sideline and people who knew how to use it. “The more people that understand the warning signs, whether it is faculty, trainers or other students, the better. Schools are now starting to enlist the other athletes in defibrillator training. You don’t want the coach to be the only one who is trained because what happens if the coach isn’t there? “These events, although horrible, have allowed us to revisit where we are and how to make things safer for everyone on our campus. The important thing is to do as much prevention as you can. We want to make our athletes as safe as we possibly can, and then if something happens, to be ready for it.”

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