DARTMOUTH PEAK PERFORMANCE QUARTERLY WINTER 2013
IN THIS ISSUE KICKSTART FOR WOMENâ€™S SOCCER PAGE 12
EXPERIENCE LEADING PAGE 16
MEETING BY DESIGN PAGE 22
CONCUSSION CHALLENGES PAGE 24 P E A K | WI N TER 201 3
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TAKING HANOVER BY STORM Varsity student-athletes from the Class of 2016 led the football team out of Leverone Field House for the season opener against Butler in September.
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NOT IN MY NET Freshman goalie Charles Grant blocks a Yale shot in November. Big Green menâ€™s hockey is off to a fast start in 2012-13 behind a mixture of experienced veterans and exciting newcomers.
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HEELS OVER HEAD Junior Brian Joseph does his best bicycle kick rendition at Burnham Field in September. Big Green menâ€™s soccer finished second in the Ivy League and was 21st nationally in attendance in 2012.
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DARTMOUTH PEAK PERFORMANCE QUARTERLY
12 Kickstart for Women’s Soccer Led by a rising star in the coaching ranks and a special group of seniors, Women’s Soccer engineered an amazing turnaround in 2012. Learn how.
22 Meeting By Design Go behind the scenes in a Peak Performance meeting with Dartmouth coaches and learn how they connect the dots.
24 Concussion Challenges 16 Experience Leading Leadership development has a whole new focus within DP2.
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For all the headlines about concussions, the honest truth is that the problem is sometimes as much art as science.
PEAK Dartmouth Peak Performance 6083 Alumni Gym Hanover, NH 03755 EDITOR Drew Galbraith SENIOR WRITER Bruce Wood
DEPARTMENTS 20 NUTRITION The Right Fast Food 21 STRENGTH Active Isolated Stretching
28 PERSONAL NOTES Career Connections
ADVERTISING Sam Hopkins
PEAK POINTS 10 Letter from the Editor
ASSISTANT EDITOR Katelyn Stravinsky
26 ACADEMIC NOTES NCAA Academic Leaders
30 Parting Shot
CONTRIBUTING WRITERS Bob Miller, Donnie Brooks, Anne Hudak, Claudette Peck
27 ATHLETIC NOTES Fall All-Ivy, Integrative Health
On the cover and above: Dartmouth’s nordic skiiers will again challenge for Eastern and national supremacy. The Big Green won the College Cup at the US National Championships in early January.
PHOTOGRAPHY Mark Washburn, Gil Talbot, John Risley, Mike Scott, Steph Bambury Problems or Accessibility Issues? email@example.com © 2013 Trustees of Dartmouth College
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FROM THE DESK OF PEAK PERFORMANCE DREW GALBRAITH, SENIOR ASSOCIATE AD FOR PEAK PERFORMANCE
hile the temperatures in Hanover have predictably dipped for the winter months, the work within Dartmouth Peak Performance continues at a fever pitch. We made several major strides in the fall and experienced a high level of competitive success with three teams achieving outright second place finishes (field hockey, men’s and women’s soccer) in the Ivy League and two finishing third (football and men’s cross country). Abbey D’Agostino ’14 continued her amazing ways, finishing second at the NCAA Cross Country Championships in Louisville. Off the field, there is plenty to be proud of both in and out of the classroom. Of particular significance is the launch of the leadership dimension of Dartmouth Peak Performance. On page 20, you can read about the program, its start and the impact it is already having on our students, coaches and teams. In Athletics, we take our role of developing leadership seriously. This principle is featured prominently in the mission statement of the College: Dartmouth College educates the most promising students and prepares them for a lifetime of learning and of responsible leadership, through a faculty dedicated to teaching and the creation of knowledge. You will read in the article about the generosity of Glenda and Fritz Corrigan ’64 P’93 & ‘94 and their passion for helping
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Dartmouth College educates the most promising students and prepares them for a lifetime of learning and of responsible leadership, through a faculty dedicated to teaching and the creation of knowledge. future generations of Dartmouth students develop these qualities during their time in Hanover. We cannot thank them enough for believing in our goal to bring substantive leadership development to all 1,000 Big Green varsity athletes. The development of a leadership program for studentathletes allows us to position every athlete for success not just during their time in Hanover but for the rest of their lives. We hope you enjoy learning more about the leadership dimension of DP2 and can’t wait to share the successes that this development provides our student-athletes.
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KICKSTART FOR WOMEN’S SOCCER LED BY A RISING STAR IN THE COACHING RANKS AND A SPECIAL GROUP OF SENIORS, WOMEN’S SOCCER ENGINEERED AN AMAZING TURNAROUND IN 2012. LEARN HOW. BY BRUCE WOOD
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The 2011 Dartmouth women’s soccer season had not gone the way anyone wanted. Not the way first-year coach Theresa Romagnolo hoped and certainly not the way her players wanted. Within a week of the campaign ending with a 4-12 overall record and a 2-5 Ivy League mark, Romagnolo had compiled an inventory of things she thought the Big Green needed to improve on. Her list included everything from what she had to do better, to what her staff needed to improve on, to what the players needed to work on, both physically and in their mental approach. Like their coach, the Dartmouth players were determined not to see a repeat performance this fall. “The six members of my class sat down together as the new seniors and decided that if we were going to be successful leaders, we needed to start leading immediately,” explained senior tri-captain Kim Rose. “We knew that as a team we had fallen short of our goals, despite having the talent and work ethic needed to succeed. We decided it was a matter of setting higher standards for ourselves as leaders, and for the team as a whole.” The result this year was the most remarkable turnaround in the program’s 34-year history. With a 13-4 record Dartmouth recorded the greatest single-season improvement in win total. Ever. The 6-1 Ivy League mark matched the biggest one-year improvement the school had ever seen. “As a senior class we came up with the motto for the season, Make it Happen,” said tri-captain Aurelia Solomon. “We picked this because we thought it encompassed many different meanings and thus everyone could
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relate to it. For some, Make it Happen symbolizes winning the Ivy League and for others it’s daily team goals or individual goals. This motto symbolizes what our season was all about – we went out every day and made it happen.” The work started long before the snow was off the ground with teammates who were on campus, off campus and studying abroad last winter all taking part in the online iSoccer program that charts individual skill development as well as the Winter Challenge, a series of physical tests designed to improve player fitness. “It was a competition that every week had some difficult challenges and often it was two or three challenges,” recalled tri-captain Emma Brush of the Winter Challenge, explaining that the physical tests ran the gamut from wall-sitting to planking to three-mile runs. “You had to send in your time. Basically you were competing with your teammates remotely. We got everyone’s times and I think that really pushed people. I know it pushed me.” Because finishing around the goal had been a problem in 2011, when spring rolled around the pushing continued with arduous practices featuring an emphasis on 1-v-1 competitions and the development of an attacking persona both as individuals and as a team. “Every training session we were tracking results,” said Romagnolo. “We were putting pressure on them constantly. Making things super competitive. Doing a ton of 1-v-1 battles. Keeping track of who was scoring the most goals. Who got assists on that day? Putting more onus on them.”
Among those who felt the most pressure was Brush, who Romagnolo pushed harder than she had been pushed before. The numbers being compiled during spring practice suggested that Brush, who had scored one goal as a junior, could be an offensive force in the coming season. But it would happen only if she went against character. “I’ve had other coaches before who would tell me to not be so unselfish, but they would frame it more as a compliment,” she said. “These coaches were like, ‘We’ll take you out if you don’t go to goal. This is your job, what are you doing?’ ” For Romagnolo, the spring and preseason would be a delicate balancing act. At the same time she was pressuring Brush and others to score more she was trying to rid them of the fear of failure. In effect, the fear of not scoring. Time and again during the spring she talked about enjoying the process rather than the final result. As a result the Big Green wrapped up offseason practices not only in remarkable physical shape, but with a sharpened focus and increased determination to make 2012 special. Upon returning to campus for the preseason last summer they participated in “The Program,” a military-style, multiday leadership and teambuilding initiative putting the players in physically challenging situations on both land and water. “We went into it thinking, ‘I can’t believe we are doing this for two days instead of playing soccer,’ ” said Brush. “We came out of it impressed and elated that we had gotten through it.” Said Dekker of the value of The Program: “We had to do everything as a team. You couldn’t leave anyone behind. So if someone was struggling while we lifted logs over our heads or felt like they were going to drown in the pool, we all had to come alongside each other through encouragement and in support - and in doing that, no one was ever left behind. All kinds of different leaders stepped forward during the program, and in different ways. One of the coolest parts for me was being able to see underclassmen step
forward and lead in a way that I had never seen them do before.” Living up to The Program’s mantra of “prepare, attack and execute,” Big Green outplayed a highly regarded Central Florida team that would go on to win 17 games tough in a 2-0 season-opening loss, and then broke into the win column two days later against South Florida. Dartmouth went on to finish with its most wins since 2000, in no small part because of its increased fitness. “I had teams in the Ivy League tell me we were one of them most athletic teams they played all year,” said Romagnolo. “It’s the same team I had last year with the addition of two freshmen on the field.” One year after scoring just nine goals, the Big Green tallied 34, second in the Ivy League. “We did not have to adjust to what other teams were doing because we were confident in our preparation and abilities,” said senior Libby Hamlin. “This season was by far the most fun I’ve ever had playing soccer because it was all about us – what we were going to do every practice, every game, to get the job done.” Echoed Rose: “Our preparation gave us so much confidence going into each game, and as long as we played the way we were capable of, we knew the results would come.” Although they came up one agonizing game short of the Ivy League title a team led by a handful of determined seniors who successfully pushed for a “dry” season, bolstered by a group of talented underclassmen and brilliantly directed by a coach who set the tone in her second year, enjoyed a successful season that not even a snub by the NCAA committee could tarnish. “My class, the six of us, had talked a lot since the 2011 season and decided that no matter what, we were going to represent a united front,” said senior Grace Best. “In my opinion, we executed that perfectly.”
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on’t get the wrong idea. Fritz Corrigan ’64 likes beating Harvard, winning Ivy League titles and seeing Dartmouth teams earning headlines on the NCAA stage as much as the next person. But that wasn’t the motivation for his generosity in helping Peak Performance develop its pioneering leadership initiative. “This is not about winning more games or more Ivy League championships,” Corrigan explains. “That never entered my mind when we decided to fund this thing. What we want is to use sports to give Dartmouth students a six-month head start on the concepts of leadership when they graduate. Giving them that kind of head start to me is an unfair competitive advantage, and I think that’s what Dartmouth ought to be involved in.” That’s music to the ears of Athletic Director Harry Sheehy, who considers the leadership piece the unquestioned keystone of the Peak Performance program. “You’ll notice in the order of things it didn’t come along first,” he says. “There are areas of DP2 where we can afford mistakes. This is not one of them. That’s not to say we are going to be perfect with our leadership program but this is one where we had to know we had the right folks on board and the right things were being talked about. “Fritz wants to give every Dartmouth student an unfair advantage in life through leadership training. I love that quote. I will use that quote until the day I die. I think that we have an opportunity to do do something pretty special here by attending to this.” And if it happens to lead to a few more wins and Ivy League championships? So much the better. “The purpose is to use sports and the playing field as a way to learn about teamwork and leadership, as opposed to using teamwork and leadership to win Ivy League championships,” says Corrigan. “But that,” he adds with a nod toward potential championships, “I think will be an outcome.” Corrigan, who several years ago made a major gift to the College’s Rockefeller Center in support of leadership programming, was a self-professed “middling kind of hockey player” growing up in Edina, Minn. He then played a year of freshman hockey at Dartmouth. “I think athletics, sports, is a great learning lab for leadership development,” he says. “I hold to the premise that leadership is a practice, like lawyers would call their business, ‘Practicing law.’ We use the phrase, ‘Doctors practice medicine.’ Leadership is a practice. You learn it through experience, by doing it and reflecting on how it went. Did we do it well or not? “I think it is easier to learn leadership in a competition – in a sports environment – than it is in a classroom because, usually, leadership development works best when someone is under pressure.” Sheehy, like the Peak Performance benefactor, believes the athletic arena is an effective but perhaps underutilized, petri dish for growing future leaders. // CONTINUED ON PAGE 18
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“If you bring 4,100 of the best and brightest and put them here in a community, leadership is going to be forged by accident,” he says. “The difference with DP2 is the leadership piece is intentional. “I think we have left a lot of leadership on the table, quite frankly, because we don’t intentionally try to cultivate it. That’s what separates this. We are going to be intentional about it.” Of course it’s not that Dartmouth and other schools haven’t been working on developing leadership and improving teamwork already. It’s in the headlines all the time. A bigtime football power contracts to bring in Navy SEALS for a day to run its players through drills intended to develop their mental toughness and leadership skills. A university athletic department pays a top motivational speaker to address its athletes
They think about leadership all the time. It’s the fabric of their life. The lens that they look at life through is a leadership lens.” It certainly is for Spaulding, an unblinking supporter of the concept that the core values of leadership can be taught and learned, a product in no small part of his time at West Point. “I believe that it can be done, I really do, because I am living proof of it,” Spaulding says. “It puts you through the cauldron of the experience and says, ‘You are a leader, you are called to lead, now lead.’ “I am a strong believer that we can learn how. Yes, there is a sense of nature and you have been given a set of gifts. You are not going to change that. You’ve been given what you’ve been given. What you can change is what you nurture. What you apply yourself every day to. How you commit yourself. The decisions you make. The behaviors that you
Point grad – who this fall put Gaudet’s team through an exercise near the Dartmouth Skiway – in residence. “It was interesting,” the coach said of the exercise. “It was tough mentally but it was fun. It wasn’t as grueling physically as it can be when you are climbing cliffs and rappelling and belaying and doing all those things like swimming across a pond in near darkness. “He had a bunch of things that the guys needed to solve. There was accountability. There was communication. There was attention to detail, trust, perseverance. All kinds of things.” It’s not the first time one of Gaudet’s teams has done experiential learning exercises, although this time there was that key difference. “We have done a lot of things over the years with ropes courses,” Gaudet says. “We
If you bring 4,100 of the best and brightest and put them here in a community, leadership is going to be forged by accident, Sheehy says. The difference with DP2 is the leadership piece is intentional. I think we have left a lot of leadership on the table, quite frankly, because we don’t intentionally try to cultivate it. That’s what separates this - our intent. and coaches for the same purpose. While the lessons may linger, a day later the SEALS and the motivational speakers have packed up and gone on to the next college or university. It is, as they like to say, different at Dartmouth. Steven Spaulding, a 1995 Army graduate who played inside linebacker at West Point, was appointed Assistant Athletic Director for Leadership in the summer of 2012. SEALS and motivational speakers move on. Spaulding, a former Airborne Ranger who served in Iraq, is anchored as a fulltime member of the Dartmouth athletic department. “I love the fact that he has a West Point background,” says Sheehy. “I think West Point, the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Air Force Academy, Coast Guard, those places are leadership cauldrons that brand leaders.
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inculcate.” Sheehy believes having Spaulding around to run programming, to listen to and advise athletes, coaches and staff is a winning proposition. “I think key issues are approached the wrong way too often in our colleges,” he says. “That is, we bring someone in for a short period of time, a few hours or a day or a couple of days. What happens is it’s really important and focused at the time, but it doesn’t become part of the fabric of how you look at things. “Drew [Galbraith, Sr. Associate AD for Peak Performance] and I thought the leadership piece of DP2 was important enough that we want to make sure that stuff gets followed through on, which is why we brought in Steven.” Men’s ice hockey coach Bob Gaudet applauds the decision to have the West
had ‘The Program’ last year, which was a military style boot camp type of thing for couple of days with pool work and with field work. We have had sports psychologists in that were less experiential and more classroom type stuff. “The common denominator in all the things that we did is that it is hard to have follow-up when you do it as a one-shot deal. The great thing this time is we were able to have a debriefing with Steven the next day. He can actually meet with the guys periodically or catch up with the captains. A lot of the other things that we have done have been great, but it is not the same as having somebody in-house. He’s actually here, so the follow-up is much easier for us, and that makes it much more beneficial.” As a West Pointer and Army Ranger, Spaulding has experienced the famed Darby Queen obstacle course at Fort Benning, Ga.
A lot of other things that we have done have been great, says Gaudet, but it is not the same as having someone in-house. Steven is actually here, so the follow-up is easier and that much more beneficial.
He’s survived the Malevesti course that is part of Ranger school. None of the physical challenges he has planned for Dartmouth athletes will ever compare to what he calls “obstacle courses on steroids” but they will be challenging for a reason. “In order to perform at your best under pressure you have to elicit that pressurized response and then be able to make decisions in the midst of that pressure,” he says. “That’s what replicates high-pressure team situations. So to be able to place individuals and teams under pressure and for them to be able to make decisions is paramount. It’s really testing whether or not you can perform at your best in those situations.” Earlier this year Spaulding ran a multiphase exercise for the women’s ice hockey team that, over its four hours, included a forced road march, a reconnaissance element, an orienteering element, rappelling and swimming in nearby Storrs Pond with the goal of locating a staff member amusingly dressed as a moose. “Teamwork, adaptability, commitment, a sense of urgency, attention to detail. All those elements were very much a part of that exercise,” Spaulding says. “An exercise like that allows us to teach certain lessons and draw out certain lessons.” Some of those lessons, he emphasizes, come from failure. Teams will not always have success in his exercises any more than will they always have success on the field or the ice or the court. “How important is it to fail?” he asks. “Of the utmost. You have to be able to face failure, take a step back, have the coping mechanisms to be able to destress, reevaluate, and then reengage with the process. And anyone can do that. Anyone can do that.” In addition to so-called experiential learning, Spaulding is working on developing a four-year classroom curriculum that includes leadership workbooks for captains and a leadership philosophy manual. “I have solicited from as many people in the athletic department as I could touch base with in my first eight weeks in the position, ‘What values are we communicating?’ ” Spaulding says. “What are your top values? Hard work. Excellence. Teamwork. Adaptability. Poise. Respect. I’m trying to come up with a, ‘Here’s what as a community we are saying.’ How can we frame these into a few core values that really are driving who we are?” “From that it is going to be important to develop a leadership philosophy and understand how it ties into the actions that we take every single day.” Although he’s still relatively new to his position, Spaulding is pouring himself into it. “I’ve conducted periodical captains meetings already that engage them and have them address those questions. But there is also a didactic element where I am trying to teach certain things. It’s, ‘I understand there’s lots of different ways to see this but here is something that I think is going to be helpful for you.’ Defining some things. Let’s define accountability. Let’s define leadership.” Like Fritz Corrigan and Harry Sheehy, Spaulding sees the goal line for Dartmouth’s leadership training as being far removed from the scoreboards at Memorial Field, Thompson Arena or Burnham Field. “If a student-athlete can graduate from Dartmouth College having gone through the athletic program and can, when asked in a boardroom, ‘What does team mean to you?,’ have a well-thought out, experientially-based deeper sense of what that means, what it looks like, how to implement it, how to live it out, that really quite frankly sets them apart,” he says. “They will be able to do it because they have had four years of development looking at core realities about, Who am I? What are my strengths? How do I work with others? “I know that sounds lofty, but I don’t think its unachievable. I think it is very tangible and very real because I myself have experienced it.”
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THE RIGHT FAST FOOD
t may be a challenge to get in enough nutrition to keep your mind and body fueled to get through the middle of your day. Delaying lunch may not be an option, especially if you have an early practice and don’t want to feel “weighed down” by the food in your stomach. Consider these eating plans to keep you well fueled and ready for an afternoon practice. Assuming you had a hearty breakfast before morning classes… Grab a fruit smoothie (commercially prepared or Collisprepared) as a drinkable portion of your lunch and have it during your 11 or 12 class. After your 12 class, add a ½-whole sandwich (depending on what you can handle) and fruit, or a slice or two of veggie pizza and a side salad. Or bring a piece of fruit with you to your 11 and add a peanut butter packet to it, or ¼ cup of nuts or sunflower seeds, have that with a carton of soy milk or cow’s milk. After your 12 class, add soup and ½ sandwich, or baked potato with cottage cheese and broccoli, and a side salad. Also make-your-own trail mix might be a good idea to bring to class as a mid-morning snack or part of a 2-part lunch. Mix together one of your favorite whole grain cereals, such as, Chex, Cheerios, Oatmeal squares, Corn bran, or Frosted Mini Wheats, add dried fruit and nuts. Eat ½-1 cup of this during class. After your 12 have a protein-rich salad, a roll or slice of bread, and finish it off with a glass of milk. If you know the next day in your schedule is going to be a busy one, plan ahead by buying a pre-made sandwich, or bagel and yogurt at one of the dining venues the evening before the busy day. Bring the food with you and munch along between classes. Then after your 12, consider a snack such as a bowl of cereal, a yogurt, or a soup and small salad. To the right are some suggestions for lunch on the go or snacks to help you throughout the day.
HEARTY LUNCH IDEAS
600-800-1000 kcal range that you can take on-the-go - Peanut butter and jelly sandwich on whole grain bread (2 Tbsp. peanut butter and 2 Tbsp. jelly), 1 bag baked chips, and 1 fruit. (~700 kcals) - 1 Whole grain bagel with 2 Tbsp. cream cheese, 1 nut-based granola bar, and 16 oz. low fat chocolate milk (~800 kcals) - High calorie energy bar (250-350 kcals), 20 oz. 2% milk, 1 pack peanut butter crackers, and 1 large banana (~1000 kcals)
PLAN-AHEAD SNACK IDEAS 200-300 kcal options - 1 Bell pepper, cored and sliced, 10 baby carrots and 1/3 cup store-bought humus - 1 oz. string cheese, 4 whole wheat crackers, and 1 medium apple - 1/2 cup Cheerios, 1 oz. Almonds (~22 nuts), and 1 Tbsp. raisins - 1 slice whole wheat bread/toast, 1 Tbsp. peanut butter, and 1/3 cup cut-up fruit - 1 taco-size tortilla, 1 banana, 1 Tbsp. peanut or nut butter - 3 cups low-fat popcorn, 1 medium-sized fruit - 6 oz. yogurt and 1/2 cup granola - 1 cup skim milk, 3 graham crackers, 1 Tbsp. peanut butter - 1 English muffin, 1 Tbsp. peanut butter - 1 banana, 1/2 cup sunflower seeds - 15 tortilla chips, 1/2 cup salsa, 1/2 cup refried beans
By Claudette Peck, LCMHC, RD, CSSD, LD Coordinator of Nutrition Programs, DP2 Sports Nutritionist
- 1 corn tortilla, 1 oz. string cheese, 1/2 cup refried beans - 1 oz. Almonds (22 nuts), 3 dried dates - 1/2 cup low fat cottage cheese, 1 medium-sized fruit, or 1/2 cup cut-up fruit, 5 whole grain crackers - 1 mini bagel, 1 cup low-fat milk - 1 2.6 oz. pouch of tuna, 1 packet light mayonnaise and 1 whole wheat pita - 1 hard-boiled egg, 6 whole grain crackers or 1 whole wheat pita, and 1 medium sized fruit
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IMPROVE YOUR FLEXIBILITY WITH ACTIVE ISOLATED STRETCHING By Bob Miller, Holekamp Family Director of Strength & Conditioning
ince DP2 was introduced last Summer, many of the conversations in strength and conditioning have now broadened to include topics like recovery nutrition. One of our goals for the fall was to work on the flexibility of our athletes. Along with having teams do yoga, we have now incorporated our DP2 Integrative Health professional, Anna Terry, into many lifting sessions. Flexibility plays a key role in all movement whether in athletics or in daily life. One way we judge athleticism is by observing how an athlete can move from a non-athletic position back to an athletic motion. If an athlete cannot make these transitions, they will be less effective on the field. Flexibility also allows athletes to train harder, longer and more efficiently, with less chance of injury. Athletes will be able to execute skills in competition more effectively with the least amount of force production lost and improve endurance by allowing free movement with less internal resistance. Two areas that most coaches are concerned with are speed and change of direction. Flexibility enhances the efficiency of the angle of departure in sprinting (ankle, knee, and hip) and allows the body to be put through the correct movement patterns more freely, and in turn, increases the chance to improve speed. A lack of flexibility prohibits an athlete from reaching full stride and causes the body to pre-fatigue as a result of repeatedly breaking the inertia of overcoming tightness in the anterior shoulder and hamstring. When an athlete changes direction (stops and starts), flexibility of the hips, shoulders, and lower legs enables him or her to lower the bodyâ€™s center of gravity. Flexibility allows our athletes to play with a lower center of gravity, which in turn enables the athlete to be more efficient in linear and lateral movements and allows them to have better closing speed or separation ability. Quite simply it helps them make plays.
AN EXAMPLE OF AIS FOR THE HAMSTRING: > Lie on your back with legs straight > Dorsiflex your foot and contract your quad > Contract your hip flexor and bring the right leg up as high as you can keeping the quad contracted > Hold the end range for 2 secongs, bring the leg back down to the ground > Repeat for 8-12 repetitions For the non-athlete or the weekend warrior, flexibility is also important. Think about activities from picking up groceries, cleaning the house, running around playing with your kids, walking up and down stairs, getting in and out of a car, etc. If the body is not flexible, these every day activities can lead to injury. For the active athlete or average person who wants to increase their flexibility, we recommend Active Isolated Stretching or AIS. In laymanâ€™s terms, AIS a way to stretch a muscle group by contracting the opposite muscle group. The best or perfect environment to stretch a muscle is when it is relaxed, which is what active isolated stretching does. Each stretch is held for 1-2 seconds for 8-12 repetitions. The purpose of repeating each stretch is to allow increased circulation of blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the muscle being stretched. Another benefit of AIS is the brain and central nervous system are more engaged in every movement (repetition) and that neuromuscular re-education occurs as the repetitions are done. Every time a new range of motion is achieved, new neural pathways are produced. AIS can be used for warm-up as well as recovery.
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MEETING BY DESIGN Remember the puzzles you did when you were a child where there would be a bunch of numbered dots seemingly scattered randomly around a page or a piece of paper? You could look at the dots and think you had an idea what they formed but only after you connected them did you truly get the full picture. Think of a Dartmouth Peak Performance meeting as connecting the dots to make the big picture come into focus. It is shortly before 10 a.m. on a Thursday in early November and seats around the conference table in Room 332 on the top floor of Floren Varsity House are filling up for a Dartmouth Peak Performance meeting about women’s ice hockey. Bob Miller, the Holekamp Family Strength and Conditioning Director, is there. Opposite Miller at the other end of the table sits Associate AD Anne Hudak, the go-to person when a studentathlete has academic questions. Brandon Harrington ’09, whose title is Health Initiatives Coordinator, sits at one corner of the gathering and Claudette Peck, a dietitian sits at another. Head Trainer Jeff Frechette is there as is Steven Spaulding, Dartmouth’s new Assistant AD for Leadership. Sitting adjacent to each other are Donnie Brooks, Assistant AD for Peak Performance, and Drew Galbraith, Senior Associate AD for Peak Performance. To the right of Brooks and Galbraith is Mark Hudak, now in his 10th year as the Head Coach of Women’s Hockey at Dartmouth. Think of him as the CEO of the meeting. After introductory remarks from Galbraith, Hudak offers the group a quick overview of his team and young season to date. “So far so good,” Hudak says before briefly discussing injuries, illnesses and where his team stands competitively heading into the Thanksgiving break. After Hudak finishes Galbraith calls on the others sitting around the table and one by one they share information about their interactions with the women’s hockey players, the coaches and with each other. When it is Frechette’s turn there is a back-and-forth about an illness that has been making its way through campus, a discussion about when to go to the college infirmary as opposed to seeing Dr. Kristine Karlson, DP2’s sports medicine specialist, and how the return to play protocol works. In turn, strength coach Miller makes it clear that having a little extra time to work with players before the season began was very effective and discusses the plans for a couple of players who
did not return in the kind of shape he had hoped. Recovery, postgame snacks and player weights are among the issues batted around when Peck addresses the group and Anne Hudak follows with a synopsis of the players’ performance in the classroom. On it goes with Brooks discussing career services and networking, Spaulding talking about the effectiveness of a preseason exercise he conducted with the team and Harrington explaining plans for one-on-ones with the athletes. There’s discussion of yoga and internships, team-building and how to keep teams occupied during the down time after exams, when the campus will be largely abandoned. Promptly at 10:45 the Floren classroom empties and shortly after 11 it fills again as women’s basketball coach Chris Wielgus and her staff arrive for a give-and-take regarding their program. While a few of the faces around the tables and some of the issues change, the format remains the same. Each attendee gives a status report on his or her area of expertise, the coaches, Galbraith, Brooks and others bat ideas back and forth, and 45 minutes later everyone knows a lot more about what is happening with the team than they did when they strolled into the room. The DP2 meetings are held three times a year for the basketball and hockey programs, at the start of the season, at the end of the season and at the conclusion of the school year. “Meeting like that is helpful because we are able to communicate with all the different entities who are here to help our athletes,” says Mark Hudak. “It makes sure we are all on the same sheet of music. “It’s a chance to give everyone who is there an idea of what we are struggling with and explain why it might be different for us than it is for soccer or for men’s lacrosse or for football or whatever. It makes it clear we are not all square pegs, that each team has some unique needs or circumstances.” And it made others feel the same way including Frechette, // CONTINUED ON PAGE 29
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CONCUSSION CHALLENGES For all the headlines, for all the talk and for all the concern about concussions, the honest truth is that dealing with the problem is still sometimes as much an art as it is a science. Dr. Kristine Karlson, a sports medicine specialist at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and now a member of the DP2 team, sums up the concussion issue succinctly. “I don’t have a concussion-ometer,” the former Olympic rower says. “I can’t do a concussion-o-gram that says, ‘Yup, this person has a concussion.’ Or, ‘Yup, this person is better.’ “Folks are hoping for a brain chemical blood test marker that says, ‘This brain is leaking X-Y-Z proteins and therefore this person has a concussion.’ You could do a little blood test and say concussion. Follow it until you can say, ‘OK, your marker is down, you’re OK to go back.’ That would be great but it is not going to happen tomorrow.” CAT scans and MRIs are wonderful tools for a variety of medical problems, but when it comes to concussions, she says, “They are useless.” In the meantime that leaves informed
determinations about concussions to be made by the team of Karlson and others at DHMC, in conjunction with head athletic trainer Jeff Frechette and his staff. Frechette has seen the thinking about concussions evolve dramatically in his 31 years in Hanover. “In the early days when someone said they got hit in the head and they had a headache you would say just rest and take it easy,” he recalls. “They would come back the next day and we would ask how they felt. ‘Do you have a headache?’ If they still had a headache we might say to take a couple of Tylenol and let us know if it gets worse. “We didn’t know. It wasn’t the dire circumstance that it is now.”
The Diagnostic Piece
While there’s better understanding of the issue today, properly diagnosing and dealing with it is still tricky. “People who have concussions can exhibit a range of different symptoms, and it is different for everyone,” explains Frechette. “It is different in the intensity, different in the duration, different in how they experience it.
“What we have to do is try to put all the pieces together. Was there a precipitating event? Did you take a big blow to the head? Have you been sick? Have you had previous concussions? There’s a lot of things that we take into consideration when we’re trying to make a determination.” Dartmouth’s protocol for concussions begins with an on field assessment by the trainers. An athlete deemed to possibly have a concussion is pulled from the contest and may be given a mental exertion test, the Standardized Concussion Assessment Tool2 (SCAT2 test). That test includes repeating a pattern of numbers and word recall. For an athlete deemed to have suffered a concussion, the SCAT2 will be repeated daily, with upwards of 20 symptoms ranging from headache to irritability to sensitivity to noise and light noted and graded. Athletes in so-called “collision” sports will have had the imPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) baseline testing, and how they fare on subsequent tests will be used to help determine the time frame for their return to action. // CONTINUED ON PAGE 29
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OPENED JUNE 2012
WHERE TRADITION meets SOPHISTICATION
T W O E A S T W H E E L O C K S T R E E T, H A N O V E R N H
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2012 NCAA Division I Academic Rankings ACADEMIC PROGRESS RATE #1 Dartmouth 23 #2
#10 Princeton 13 #15 Columbia 12 #16
GRADUATION SUCCESS RATE #1 Dartmouth 99.7% #2
#5 Columbia 98.5% #6 Harvard
#19 Princeton 96.7% #20 Penn
OUT OF 340 DIVISION I SCHOOLS
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In late October, the NCAA released its annual student-athlete graduation rate survey, and Dartmouth College was shown to lead the nation in Graduation Success Rate (GSR). With a GSR of 99.7 percent, Dartmouth ranked first among Division I institutions for studentathletes who began college in 2005. “We are thrilled when our student-athletes receive well-deserved recognition for their academic accomplishments,” said Dartmouth Director of Athletics and Recreation Harry Sheehy. “As hard as our students work in the classroom, their success is also a reflection of the outstanding collaboration between our faculty, our deans and other personnel on campus.” The Ivy League also topped the survey, with the Ancient Eight combining for an average rating of 97.9%. Dartmouth led the way, followed by Brown (99.3), Columbia (98.5), Harvard (98.3), Yale (97.1), Cornell (97.0), Princeton (96.7) and Penn (96.4). This marks the second consecutive year that the Ivy League has been included in the GSR data, as the NCAA did not collect graduation rate data for student-athletes who were not receiving athletically-related aid until 2004. Now that the six-year graduation rate data for those student-athletes who began college in 2004 is available, the data includes Ivy League schools. The average GSR for the last four graduating classes of all Division I studentathletes(2002-2005) remains at 80 percent, still at an all-time high for the NCAA, according to NCAA President Mark Emmert. The most recent one-year GSR for the 2005 class is 81 percent, down one point from last year. Most sports remained steady or were down slightly in year-to-year comparisons.
The NCAA’s Graduation Success Rate includes transfer students and student-athletes who leave in good academic standing. The GSR measures graduation over six years from firsttime college enrollment. Each spring, the NCAA also releases a separate set of data, the Academic Progress Rate (APR), which measures both academic performance and retention. Each athletic program receives an APR score, with teams falling under a certain threshold subject to penalties such as loss of scholarships and postseason bans. The top 10 percent in each sport receive APR Public Recognition Awards from the NCAA. Last June, Dartmouth had more programs honored than any other school in Division I, with 23 teams recognized. All of Dartmouth’s programs easily met the NCAA minimum standard, and 18 maintained perfect scores. “Anne Hudak (Associate AD for Peak Performance) plays a key role in facilitating academic resources on campus for our athletes,” Sheehy added. “This excellence is what occurs with intentional action and is a wonderful example of the great work that goes on in Dartmouth Peak Performance.”
FALL ALL-IVY SUMMARY FIELD HOCKEY Four players earned All-Ivy recognition. Senior Lisa Masini (Ann Arbor, Mich.), junior Olivia Quaglia (Los Altos, Calif.) and sophomore Ali Savage (Orange, New South Wales, Australia) were all tabbed to the first team, while senior co-captain Maya Herm (Bethesda, Md.) was recognized with a spot on the second team. FOOTBALL Dartmouth freshman Dalyn Williams (Corinth, Texas) was named the Ivy League Rookie of the Year by the league’s coaches while nine Big Green players earned All-Ivy honors. Four of the nine — center Rob Bathe (Plymouth, Minn.), wide receiver Michael Reilly (Denver, Colo.), linebacker Michael Runger (Lisle, Ill.) and safety Garrett Waggoner (Sarasota, Fla.) — were chosen for the first team, linebacker Bronson Green (Los Angeles, Calif.), running back Dominick Pierre (Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.) and defensive end Teddy Reed (Boxford, Mass.) were selected for the second team, and left guard Patrick Lahey (North Andover, Mass.) and wide receiver Ryan McManus (Mendota Heights, Minn.) earned honorable mention. MEN’S SOCCER The Dartmouth men’s soccer team had five players earn All-Ivy League honors. Headlining the Big Green’s selections were first-team honors for senior co-captain Kevin Dzierzawski (Oakland Township, Mich.) and Alex Adelabu (Houston, Texas). Senior co-captain Teo Larsson-Sax (Kalmar, Sweden) and Colin Heffron (Upper Brookville, N.Y.) were second-team selections while, Colin Skelly (Wrightstown, Pa.) earned honorable mention accolades.
WOMEN’S SOCCER Eight players earned postseason All-Ivy honors, highlighted by freshman Corey Delaney (Chatham, N.J.) taking home Rookie of the Year honors. Delaney is Dartmouth’s first Rookie of the Year since the 1996 season when Jessica Post shared the honor; Delaney is the first outright Rookie of the Year since Melissa McBean in 1993. Delaney was joined by teammates Aurelia Solomon (Washington, D.C.), Chrissy Lozier (Fairfield, Conn.), Emma Brush (Grosse Pointe Park, Mich.) and Tatiana Saunders (Rye, N.Y.) as first-team All-Ivy selections. Senior tri-captain Kim Rose (Seaford, N.Y.) was a second-team honoree while Jackie Friedman (Rancho Santa Fe, Calif.) and Marina Moschitto (Andover, Mass.) were honorable mention selections. MEN’S CROSS COUNTRY Junior Will Geoghegan (Brunswick, Maine) and senior Phil Royer (Portsmouth, R.I.) earned AllIvy honors by virtue of their fifth and sixth place finishes, respectively, at the Heptagonal Cross Country Championships in late October. WOMEN’S CROSS COUNTRY Freshman Dana Giordano (Bernardsville, N.J.) was the top rookie finisher at the Heptagonal Cross Country Championships and was the Big Green’s lone All-Ivy representative earning second team honors. Junior Abbey D’Agostino did not race at Heps due to injury but did return and win the NCAA Northeast Regional and finish second in the country at the NCAA Championships.
team sessions in the Floren Strength & Conditioning Center this fall
individual massages provided by DP2 from August 25 through November 30
hours of team yoga provided this fall
hours of myofascial release provided as a service of sports medicine, strength & conditioning and integrative health
Freshmen Corey Delaney and Dalyn Williams earned Ivy Rookie of the Year honors P E A K | WI N TER 201 3
DP2’s Career Connections program was created to help athletes focus on career preparation skills and to connect student-athletes to alumni and employers earlier in their college careers. The program is a cooperative effort with the Office of Career Services, which has helped to create opportunities for programming at times and locations that work best for athletes.
BRIAN CONROY ‘86
DONNIE BROOKS Asst. AD for Peak Performance
In the Fall, the Career Connections program hosted seven information sessions which included non-profit, for-profit, and service organizations interested in recruiting student-athletes. The opportunity to recruit undergraduate students with experience achieving goals as a team, time management skills, and leadership positions were just a few reasons employers sought participation in the programs. “Our organization values the leadership qualities exhibited by athletes and the critical thinking skills developed in a Liberal Arts curriculum,” says Brian Morrissey of Suffolk Construction. Based in Boston, Suffolk is one of the nations leading construction management firms and recently completed work on Dartmouth’s new Black Family Visual Arts Center. This fall, DP2 hosted its first Networking Fair. Juniors and seniors were invited to get a jump-start on the job and internship recruiting process. Seven employers, including Amazon, CIA, NBC Sports, Hillstone Restaurant Group, Wayfair, IMS Consulting and the Peace Corps, attended in hopes of meeting Dartmouth Athletes who could fill roles on their teams. “Events such as the DP2 Networking Fair, where the focus is on networking, are important as we aim to expose students to potential employers they may not consider if the focus was on resume collection. The event also allows employers to broaden the pool of potential candidates for both internship and entry-level jobs,” says Kate Yee, Assistant Director of Career Services. Over 80 student-athletes attended the speeddating-style event. Athletes spent the first hour meeting in groups with each company. The second hour was allotted for athletes to network with the employers of their choice.
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The Career Connections program strives to help athletes build awareness around a variety of industries. “The diversity of employers we invite ensures that we are providing networking opportunities for the wide variety of majors and interest of our student-athletes,” says Donnie Brooks, Assistant AD for Peak Performance. Student-athletes have had a great response to the new programs. “The info sessions, fairs, and access to alumni have been great for myself and other seniors who are still trying to decide what they want to do,” says Faziah Steen ’13, Women’s Basketball Captain. Career Connections is another DP2 resource our coaches can sell out on the recruiting trails. “Dartmouth is not just an education, it is a life-long experience. DP2 and the career programming help to substantiate their connection and are proof that the Dartmouth experience goes beyond the classroom, the court or the library,” says Chris Weilgus, Women’s Basketball Coach. Many alumni are currently helping our athletes chase their dreams. Brian Conroy ’86, our fall keynote speaker, recently addressed athletes about the “Secrets to Success.” “I believe it is my responsibility as an alumnus to give back and I really am enjoying working with our studentathletes. I get inspired by the proactive attitudes of Dartmouth athletes and I am excited to connect them to the right people that will help them pursue their dreams.” As the program continues to grow we will need the help of our alumni. If you or your organization would be interested in recruiting Dartmouth athletes, please contact Donnie Brooks to talk about opportunities available throughout the year. We are always looking for alumni who could provide education on their respective fields, potential leads, meaningful advice, feedback and support as our students begin their career search process. We invite you to take this brief 3-minute survey, where your contact information will be placed in our database for current athletes to access alumni who work in their fields of interest.
// CONCUSSION CONTINUED FROM PAGE 24
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who is in his 31st year in Hanover. “We communicate with certain sections of the group more regularly than others,” he says. “But even with them, there are things going on that may have an effect on how we handle situations. It is helpful to be made aware of what everyone else is working on that is either potentially in conflict or could help a particular situation.” Or as Miller, the strength coach, says: “Meeting like that gets everybody on the same page. The coaches are right in front of everybody and can say, ‘We would like this, this and this.’ “That way the nutritionist knows what they’re talking about. I know what they want and need. The leadership people know that. We all come together. It makes everything seamless.” The DP2 meeting is time well spent, Anne Hudak says, because no one operates in a vacuum – or should. “It is very helpful to know what is going on in different areas of an athlete’s life because their lives are interconnected. If they are not doing well in one area or something is bothering them, it is going to effect them academically. It is going to affect them athletically. Being able to sit down and talk to that many people and connect the dots is extremely helpful. It’s how we learn how to best help them move forward. “It is about helping the students succeed and hopefully making the lives of the coaches a little bit easier at the same time.” Which is one of the things it does according to Wielgus, now in her 28th season in Hanover. “Winning and losing is clearly important and that cannot be minimized,” she says. “But the fact of the matter is that we are developing kids beyond that. Meeting this way has crystallized for me the effectiveness of DP2. It is very specific. Everyone has a voice and is heard, from the trainer to the conditioning coach to the nutritionist. It makes me feel I am part of the team working to make things better for the kids. “I’m not big on meetings but that is one of the most productive things we’ve ever done. We sit and we talk about the student-athletes in many different ways. It’s clear there is a bigtime educational component to what we are doing and that Dartmouth is looking out for the spirit, mind and body of athletes.”
Tests are read by a DHMC neuropsychologist after which Karlson, who considers an eye-tracking nystagmus test particularly helpful in making the final call on return-to-play, will render a decision. “I really try to push the athletes to be honest about their symptoms because they want to play so they aren’t always as truthful as they should be,” she says. “Balance testing? Semi-objective. ImPACT test, the neurocognitive test? Effort dependent. Symptoms? Completely by patient report. “That’s why I like the eye test. You can’t fake it.” It goes without saying that there’s never a good time for a concussion, but given the advances nationally and at Dartmouth in diagnosing and understanding the problem, it’s a better time now than ever before. “We know a ton more than we did 10 years ago but there is still an awful lot that we don’t know,” says Frechette. “Everything that we do and the way we treat people is based on a consensus of best opinions by the experts. “I am proud to say the Ivy League was at the forefront of this. We were thinking about this and really started doing some of this neuropsychology testing with our kids before a lot of the schools around the country did. “I think it’s good that people are talking about it and I think kids are getting better care as a result of it, although it can’t prevent concussions from happening.”
The Preventive Piece
When he was a senior quarterback for the Big Green in the 1978 season, Dartmouth football coach Buddy Teevens suffered a concussion in a game at Holy Cross. “I didn’t know where I was,” he said. “I was out of it. But the norm was, suck it up and keep going.” Times have changed and so has the game. “It’s much more physical and aggressive than it was,” Teevens said. “The athletes are bigger and faster. From my day to now it’s a completely different game.” Which is why Teevens not only has embraced Ivy League’s year-old rule that limits full-contact practices to two-a-week, but has taken it a step further. Between spring practices and the entire 2012 season, Dartmouth ran fewer than two dozen tackling plays in practice. “Some people find fault with that and think it is detrimental to your development as a football player,” he said. “A lot of these kids been playing football since they were five- or six-years-old and they all played high school football. They know how to tackle. They know how to be tackled. “We had maybe three, four, five concussions this year, not a lot compared to the way it was in the past. The days of 13, 14, 15 during the course of a preseason are over. We’ve got to guard against them as coaches.” In addition to restrictions on football contact and the reviewing of dangerous tackles, the Ivy League addressed the concussion issue in soccer, where an Ivy report listed the incidence of the problem in the women’s game as being even higher than football, and in lacrosse, where another study had the men’s game behind only football. There’s now a limit on the number of days when men’s lacrosse teams can body check as well as a limit on when women’s teams can stick check. As in football, coaches have been instructed to work with their athletes on safe and proper techniques and teams are now required to have officials visit practice to address rules adopted to make the game safer. “All of this is healthy,” said Amy Patton, Dartmouth’s longtime women’s lacrosse coach. “Our game has made a tremendous leap as far as speed and skill, and that has lent to a little bit more, I wouldn’t say playing out of control, but swinging when they shouldn’t. “We’re also more aware in practice where we’ve seen balls tipped off a stick and hit the head. We’re better about making sure we have the kids in a safer place.” Which is exactly what Dartmouth, the Ivy League and the NCAA are trying to do across the board.
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ICY REUNION The friendly confines of Thompson Arena were the perfect location for a reunion of five of Dartmouth’s current NHL players. Lee Stempniak ‘05 (Calgary Flames), Ben Lovejoy ‘06 (Pittsburgh Penguins), Tanner Glass ‘07 (Pittsburgh Penguins), David Jones ‘08 (Colorado Avalanche) and Nick Johnson ‘08 (Phoenix Coyotes) all returned to Hanover for the sold-out and nationally-televised game against Vermont on December 5.
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