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TARWANI DARPAN RAAJKUMAR PP0010517 SEMESTER PORTFOLIO HOUSING STUDIO GROUP B

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02


CONTENTS : PHASE 1 : BASELINE ASSESSMENT AND PERCEPTION • •

DEMOGRAPHICS KEY INSTITUTIONS

PHASE 2 : BUILDING FUTURE SCENERIOS PHASE 3 :

ENABLING ENTIRE MARKET THROUGH SUPPLY OF SERVICED LAND • • • •

TP SCHEMES FRAMEWORK INFRASTRUCTURE ANALYSIS LAND SUPPLY MECHANISM SPATIAL GROWTH AS PER NEW TPSCHEMES

FUTURE INVESTMENTS AND REVENUE GENERATION STUDIO REFLECTION

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02


PHASE 1 : BASELINE ASSESSMENT AND PERCEPTION Studio Principles:

Literature review: Task Force Report on promoting Affordable Housing

Provision of housing for all income groups.

Right-sizing the role of State Government.

Drafting housing policies with respect to local and market.

Basic health and safety ensured along with affordability.

Focus on urban renewal as well as new housing (Overall urban housing).

Understanding Affordability.

• The report has given recommendation to create an enabling framework for increased private sector participation. • It suggests changes in the size of the affordable housing units and its super built-up to carpet area ratio. • It also gives recommendations on demand as well as supply side incentives including tax rebates on supply side etc. RMC: Population and Households growth rate

Baseline Assessment : Demographics Population Vs Year (Rajkot M.Corp.) 14,00,000

100%

32.99%

10,00,000 8,00,000

72.95%

6,00,000

25.69%

4,00,000

80%

Growth Rate

Population

12,00,000

60% 40% 20%

2,00,000 0 1971

1981

1991

2001

Municipality

Municipal Committee

Municipal Committee

Municipal Corporation

2011 Municipal Corporation

Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for Rajkot city has decreased from 5.63 between 1991 and 2001 to 2.31 between 2001 and 2011.

0% 1981

1991 Population

2001

2011

Households

The growth rate of number of households is more than the population growth rate, as household size has decreased from 5.84 in 1971 to 4.61 in 2011.

• The trend of population growth is an important indicator & base for the assessment of future requirements in the area. • The extension of the Municipal boundaries and addition of outgrowths largely influences the growth rate of the population of urban areas. | HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

Source: Census of India


PHASE-1 BASELINE ASSESSMENT AND PERCEPTION ROLE OF KEY INSTITUTIONS IN HOUSING :

PUBLIC HOUSING SCEHEMES BY RMC :

• Housing is the key input in economic, social and civil development and is a major economic driver for any of the country. • Housing is an effective way to promote good governance. • Housing finance is a significant contributor to the fiscal health of local government. • Housing finance also generates non-housing related expenditure that are drivers for the economy like family formation and life cycle expenditure. • Housing through property taxes is a significant contributor to the local government finance. • Housing market has a significant macro-economic impact due to its scale and importance. • Key institutions encourage people to go for micro-finance for becoming self reliant.

Public Sector

HUDCO Awas Yojana (1978-1979) Awas Yojana (1998-1999)

Dharam Nagar A Y (1998-1999) 1560 VAMBAY (2003-2004)

6232 BSUP

512

Safai Kamdar A Y (2012-2015)

IMPORTANT KEY INSTITUTIONS IN RAJKOT :

3012

BSUP-I (2007-2008) BSUP-2 (2008-2009) BSUP-3 (2011-2012)

Major Agencies working with RMC to survey : • WAPCOS • DEXTER • All India Institute of Local Self Government

4215

891 MMGY (2013-On going)

Rajiv Awas Yojana (2013-2015)

Major Financing Institutions : • • • •

12791

Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. GRUH TYPE OF LOANS Adhaar Housing Finance Central Bank SUVIDHA

SURAKSHA

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (2015-On going)

SAJAWAT

TOTAL NUMBER OF HOUSES PROVIDED : 28209 Source: RMC Data


PHASE 2 : BUILDING FUTURE SCENARIOS Future Scenarios Based on:

Rajkot Municipal Corporation Boundary

Demographic Projections

1. Predict & Provide Approach

30,00,000

25,76,847

25,00,000 20,00,000

17,79,711

15,00,000

Predict & Provide Approach: Residential Projections As per HH Survey, Average plot area per HH - 79.5 sqm Household size : 4.2

10,00,000

Economic projections

5,00,000 0

1991 2001 Arithmethic

2011 2021 2031 Geometric Increase

35,00,000

RMC Boundary along with Growth Areas

2. Making Room Approach

30,93,534

30,00,000 25,00,000

22,40,751

20,00,000 15,00,000 10,00,000 5,00,000 0 1991 Arithmethic

2001 2011 Geometric Increase

2. Making Room Approach

2021 2031 Incremental Increase

Distribution of working population as per HH survey; Primary : 2%, Secondary : 28%; Tertiary : 70% With large number of upcoming industries in Rajkot as sanctioned in Vibrant Gujarat Summit, percentage of population working in secondary sector is expected to increase in 2031. Hence it is assumed at 43% (As per Gujarat Urban Census 2011). Scenario 2: Including all the growth areas (P-2%, S-43%, T-55%) Land requirement Existing Land area Land area required Land area in 2018 (In Ha)(as (in Ha) as per proposed in DP per GIS) projection 2031 (in Ha) Industrial 2484.31 3071.74 5084.73 Commercial 493.77 566.87 624.73

Landuse Residential Commercial Industrial Total

2018 (ELU)

2031

130 4.93 24.84 159.77

129.4 5.66 30.71 165.77

Percentage of Area proposed the total 2031 for DP DP area 47% 322 6.24 1% 50.84 7% 379.08 55%

There is sufficiency in terms of land to support these developments as per Predict and Provide Approach; but insufficient as per Making Room Approach | HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

Source: Census of India


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES ENABLING ENTIRE MARKET THROUGH SUPPLY OF SERVICED LAND

AFFORDABILITY

4a

4b

Enabling entire market through reduction in transaction cost.

Enabling entire market through supply of serviced land.

LINE

4c Enabling market to produce affordable and sustainable housing through DCR interventions.

Over all strategies Enabling strategies

Provisional and enabling strategies

5a

5b

4 3

2

1a

1b

1a

1b

2

3

5a

Catering to in informal housing though In-situ upgradation, In-situ redevelopment, Rehabilitation & resettlement and delisting of Slums.

Upgrading informal settlements with minimal disruptions of existing layout and social structure, through incremental approach.

Interventions to formalize housing on lands repealed under ULCRA & transitional areas. (Conclusion provisionary and enabling strategy.

Improving access to decent affordable housing for people below affordability line living in formal substandard units.

Enabling markets to provide rental units at affordable rates

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

5b Provide social rental housing to the uncatered and vulnerable section


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES RATIONALE TP SCHEMES FRAMEWORK •To modify the regulations for the future TP schemes to ensure the proper supply of service land and its actual use.

INFRASTRUCTURE • Checking the cost mechanism and viabilities related to the improvement of Infrastructure which can lead to the better serviceability of a particular land. CHANGE IN THE REGULATIONS OF LAND SUPPLY • Recommendations to control the development on the lands which are already allotted for some other specific purposes.

SPACIAL GROWTH AS PER NEW TP SCHEMES • Recommendations for the new TP schemes in the areas where the development will be taking place in the near future.

WHY IS SERVICE LAND IN PUBLIC DOMAIN NOT USED?

LAND POTENTIALS

UNLOCKING NEW LAND FOR DEVELOPMENT

AMENDMENT S IN GTPUDA

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

FRAMEWORK OF TP

CITY INFRASTRUCTURE PLANS

GROWTH PATTERNS NEW UNLOCKING MECHANISM


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES INTRODUCTION : ( RAJKOT SCENERIO ) RUDA BOUNDARY

RMC BOUNDARY

TP SCHEMES AREAS (sq.km) 1.1

1

1.2

1.2 1

7%

1.9

0.9

1.8

1.1

1.9 1.6

1.5

1.5

1.7

1.3

1.3 1.3

1.5 1.5

1.6 0.9

0.9 PRELIMINARY STAGE

1.3

2.9

1.9 0.9 1

1.2

FINAL STAGE

2.1

0.7

0.8 1.3

DRAFT STAGE

• RUDA area : 686.30 sq.km

• Final Scheme : 27.16sq km | 16 TPS

• Final schemes : 2010 TP-9 munjaka

• Preliminary scheme : 5 sq km | 7 TPS

• Prelimnary schemes : TP-17 munjaka • Draft schemes : TP-10 motamava TP-16 motamava TP-18 munjaka TP-19 munjaka | HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

37%

16

• RMC area: 129.04 sq.Km

Land is under TP schemes in RMC

TP schemes are final at present

• Total area under TP schemes- 47.66 sq.Km

TP scheme with the maximum area Is TP-5 Rajkot : 2.9 sq.Km

• 37 % of RMC area

TP scheme with the minimum area Is TP-7 Nanamava : 0.7 sq.Km

• Draft scheme : 15.5 sq km | 16 TPS

Source: RMC and RUDA Data


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT OF CURENT TP SCHEMES FRAMEWORK ( RMC TP SCHEMES ) LAND PROVIDED FOR SEWS HOUSING (%) 6.3%

LAND USED FOR SEWS HOUSING (%) 6%

3.8%

6.8%

LAND PROVIDED FOR OPEN SPACES (%) 1.6%

0% 2.4%

6.8% 4.5%

4.5%

2.3%

0% 7.1%

0.5%

0% 4.1%

1.3%

0%

3.2%

1%

2.5%

5%

3.7%

2.3%

2.5%

4.4%

1.1%

1.4%

1.7%

0%

0.2%

1.3%

3.6% 9.5%

1.5%

1%

0%

0.8%

1.5%

2.0%

2.5% 0.5%

1.5% 16.1%

1.8% 4.0%

6.3%

0%

4.8%

1.7%

2.8% 2.7%

0%

3.8%

0.7%

2.7%

0.5%

0%

0.8%

1%

14.5%

0%

2.5%

1.9%

0.8%

2.6%

0.5%

1.7% 5.5%

4.5%

1%

4.5%

1.5%

2.5%

1.3%

2.8%

0%

7.6%

1.7%

0.9%

0%

2.83 %

2.8%

1.9% 1.2%

0% 1.87 %

6.2%

2%

0%

1% 3.0%

3.1%

3%

0%

4%

5.0%

2.1%

0%

39.5%

1.5%

Land is provided for SEWS housing in TP schemes.

Land is used out of the total land Provided for SEWS housing in TP schemes

Land is provided for open spaces In TP schemes

TOTAL LAND PROVIDED FOR SEWS HOUSING IN TP SCHEMES : 1.8 Sq.km

TOTAL LAND USED FOR SEWS HOUSING IN TP SCHEMES : 0.7 Sq.km

TOTAL LAND PROVIDED FOR OPEN SPACES IN TP SCHEMES : 0.7 Sq.km

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

Source: RMC Data


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT OF CURENT TP SCHEMES FRAMEWORK ( RMC TP SCHEMES ) LAND PROVIDED FOR PUBLIC PLACES (%) 2.3%

LAND USED FOR SEWS HOUSING (%) 12.3%

2.3%

LAND PROVIDED FOR RMC BANK (%)

16.8%

9.3%

15.3%

2.2%

5.5%

7.0% 15.7%

2.2%

7% 6.6%

15.5%

2.1%

17.1%

2.7%

1.5%

1.7%

15%

2.0%

15.7%

0.7%

1% 19.7%

16.1%

18%

1.6%

2.1%

20.2% 1.6%

0.7%

2.3%

16.7%

2.1%

4.7%

0.8%

3.8%

13% 2.8%

2.3% 2.5%

0.2% 17%

17.7% 16.1%

15%

1.9%

2.8% 6.5%

8.1%

6.2%

7.7% 9.5%

15%

3.1%

1.5%

18%

16.6%

3.1%

3%

2%

1.5%

17.0%

18.3%

1.8% 2.7%

17.8%

17.9%

15.7%

2.3%

1.3%

2.8%

16.7%

3.4%

1.2%

3.6%

5.6%

17.4%

2.8%

2.5%

2.2%

15.3%

0.5%

0.3%

5.8%

23%

2.1%

1.1%

9.3%

17.2%

1.8%

2.8%

8%

13.3%

2.7%

1.8%

17%

13.7%

2.3%

17%

1.5%

Land is provided for public places in TP schemes

Land is provided for ROADS in TP schemes

Land is provided for RMC BANK in TP schemes

TOTAL LAND PROVIDED FOR PUBLIC PLACES IN TP SCHEMES : 1.09 Sq.km

MAXIMUM LAND PROVIDED FOR ROADS IN TP SCHEMES : 23 %

MAXIMUM LAND PROVIDED FOR RMC BANK IN TP SCHEMES : 17 %

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

Source: RMC Data


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES OVERALL SCENERIO OF THE EXISTING TP SCHEMES FRAMEWORK

TP SCHEMES FRAMEWORK 23.7 26.7% %

24.5% 24.5%

TP SCHEME WITH THE MIN. AREA IS TP 7 NANAMAVA : 0.7 Sq.km

24.5% 29.8% 20.5%

21.4%

23.5%

29%

Land is occupied by SLUMS in TP schemes

TOTAL NO. OF TP SCHEMES WITH 70:30 RATIO : 8

19.1% 23.3%

20.8%

24.2% 23.7%

TOTAL NO. OF TP SCHEMES WITH 60:40 RATIO : 1 TOTAL NO. OF TP SCHEMES WITH 80:20 RATIO : 24

22.7%

4.7%

TP SCHEME WITH THE MAXIMUM AREA IS TP 5 RAJKOT : 2.1 Sq.km

TOTAL LAND FOR SEWS HOUSING - 3.8 %

23.1% 27.5%

23.1%

24.8%

22%

TOTAL LAND FOR OPEN SPACES/GARDENS 1.5 %

30.8%

21%

23.8%

24.4%

TOTAL LAND FOR PUBLIC PLACES - 1.9 %

17% 21.6% 28.5%

TOTAL LAND FOR ROADS - 17 %

37.7% 23.3%

24.2%

28%

TOTAL LAND FOR FREE SALE - 4.8 %

27.2%

8.8% Land is occupied by SUCHIT in TP schemes | HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

17% Land is provided for ROADS In TP schemes

4.8%

3.4%

37%

Land is provided Land is provided Land is under for RMC BANK for open spaces TP schemes in in TP schemes and public places RMC

16% TP Schemes are final at present

25% Land is provided for PUBLIC REALM In TP schemes Source: RMC Data


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE NETWORK WITHIN RMC BOUNDARY WATER SUPPLY NETWORK

SEWERAGE NETWORK

90% Coverage for WATER SUPPLY In RMC

70% Coverage for SEWERAGE In RMC

AS PER JNNURM ( COST ) Water Supply Network

Sewerage Network

Final TP

Final TP

Preliminary TP

Preliminary TP

Draft TP

Draft TP

Draft TP missing Infrastructure

Draft TP missing Infrastructure

MAVDI AT PRESENT

ROADS – 4.5 CRORES PER KM WATER SUPPLY – 75 LAKHS PER KM SEWERAGE – 75 LAKHS PER KM

MAVDI TP 26,27,28 38 Cr Rs CAN BE GENERATED IF WE CONSIDER BUILT-UP AS 40% OF TOTAL PRIVATE LAND EXTRA ADDED COST FOR A DEVELOPER WITHOUT INFRASTRUCTURE : SITE HAVING 512 FLATS AND AREA 8705 SQ.MT = 25-30 LAKHS INVESTMENT REQUIRED : TOTAL ROAD LENGTH – 12.54 KM SO COST OF TRUNK LINES(WATER SUPPLY) TO BE PROVIDED – 9 CR Rs COST OF TRUNK LINES(SEWERAGE)- 9 CR Rs SO INVESTMENT REQUIRED – 18 Cr Rs

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

Source: RMC Data


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES INVESTMENT FOR INFRASTRUCTURE IN EXISTING 13 TP SCHEMES

SERVICED LAND SUPPLY

ADEQUATE INFRASTRUCTURE

FINAL – 1 ( FINALISED IN 2014 ) PRELIMINARY- 3 DRAFT- 9 TOTAL – 13 TP SCHEMES

TOTAL ROAD LENTH PROVIDED IN THE TP SCHEMES – 102 KM

ROADS Rs.463Cr

+

WATER SUPPLY Rs.76Cr

+

SEWERAGE = Rs.76Cr

Rs.615 Cr

GRAND TOTAL Estimated Revenue Generated by RMC: Land Based Fiscal Tool Total area of the 13 TP schemes – 15.75 Sq.Km Total private land ( 60% ) – 10.35 Sq.Km Scrutiny Fee as per 40% Ground Coverage – Rs.207Cr Revenue generated by RMC Land Bank (1.25Sq.Km)– Rs.4070Cr

Water Supply Network Final TP Preliminary TP

Total Estimated Betterment Levy Charge – Rs.5060 Cr

Draft TP Draft TP missing Infrastructure

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES

RECOMMENDATIONS OF NECESSARY REFORMS TO IMPROVE THE TP SCHEME FRAMEWORK

For the given GTPUDA Act 1976, there should be a section which defines the overall time frame of the TP scheme framework to improve the irregularity in the supply of infrastructure services which results into the inadequate supply of land.

Development rights on the lands where the new TP scheme is laid should be kept on hold till a certain period of time to undergo the uniform provision of infrastructure services. This can be done in different time phases by allocating suitable investment and as per the growth of development.

Vacant land tax should be imposed on the lands if they are not used for any specific purpose till the certain fix period of time which will force the land owner to convert that non performing asset into certain use.

In GTPUDA Act 1976, there should be a section which defines the proper allocation of fund for the infrastructure services which is already collected as a betterment levy tax from the land owners when the TP scheme is finalised.

In GTPUDA Act 1976, there should be a section which defines the yearly audit of all the TP schemes by the concerned official to have a check on its ground implementation.

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES DETAILED ANALYSIS OF LAND SUPPLY IN TP RAIYA 1 ( FINAL 80:20) 1 5

2

4 3

PUBLIC HOUSING LAND (2.86%) 1- RUDA Office

11

4 2

WATER SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE NETWORK

1

10

6 3

2- Tulsi Park society 10

1

3- Residential society

9

7

4- Residential society 8

2

5- Public society 6 7

5 3

8

9

6- Water tank 7- Sanskriti Appartment 8- Africa colony 9- Balmukund plot

OPEN SPACES AND GARDENS (1.37%)

PUBLIC PLACES LAND (0.5%) 1- Residential township

1- Buildings

2- Temple

2- Public Garden

3- Commercial

3- Temple

0% Land is used for PUBLIC PLACES

10- Temple and Society 11- Kidwainagar society

4- Residential Open area 5- Not used as an open space 6- Commercial 7- Residential open area 8- Mandir and Garden

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

0% Land is used for SEWS housing In TP scheme

ROAD NETWORK


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES PROPOSED LAND SUPPLY MECHANISM FOR TP-6 RAJKOT

TP SCHEME 6 RAJKOT

160

• AREA OF THE TP SCHEME IS 2.9 SQ.KM

AFFORDABLE HOUSING POLICY MODEL 179,181,176

161 IN-SITU REDEVELOPMENT ( PPP MODEL) 177,176

• RATIO OF THE PUBLIC REALM IS 70:30

176 HUDCO AWAS YOJANA 194

181 177 179

• INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES ARE ADEQUATE IN THIS

194

10%

190 • SLUM AREA IN THIS TP SCHEME IS 0.28 SQ.KM • THIS TP SCHEME WAS FINALISED IN 2001

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

Land is provided for SEWS HOUSING In TP schemes

200

RENTAL HOUSING / INDUSTRIAL HOUSING 200 SLUM RELOCATION ( SMART GHAR 4) 161

LAND EXCHANGE POLICY ( A NEW MODEL FOR ENCROACHMENT OF SLUMS ON PRIVATE LANDS ) 99,112,113,114,115


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES PROPOSED LAND SUPPLY MECHANISM FOR HOUSING STRATEGIES

VIABILITY

AVAILABILITY

TOTAL LAND FOR SEWS HOUSING

:1.8 SQ.KM

TOTAL LAND ALREADY USED BY RMC

: 0.7 SQ.KM

LAND NOT AVAILABLE FOR USE

: 0.13 SQ.KM

TOTAL SEWS HOUSING LAND AVAILABLE: 0.97 SQ.KM LAND TO BE USED FOR : RENTAL PPP MODEL

: 0.22 SQ.KM

FOR AHP MODEL

: 0.25 SQ.KM

SLUM RELOCATION

: 0.07 SQ.KM

INCREMENTAL SLUM UPGRADE : 0.17 SQ.KM TRAIN AND EMPLOY MODEL

: 0.12 SQ.KM

SLUM REDEVELOPMENT

: 0.14 SQ.KM

LAND TO BE REGULARIZED : SUCHIT SOCIETIES | HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

: 3 SQ.KM

RMC TP SCHEME MAP


PHASE-3 DEVELOPING CITY WIDE HOUSING STRATEGIES EXISTING TP SCHEMES

RAILWAY LAND

AGRICULTURAL FIELDS

PROPOSED FUTURE TP SCHEMES

AIRPORT

3.3

1.4 MAJORLY INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL AREAS

2.3 2.5 CORE CITY AREA

2.4 1.5

ECO LOGICAL SENSITIVE AREA

1.3

AREAS ADDED UNDER RMC IN 2015

1.1

MAJORLY INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL AREAS

3.1

1.2 2.1 2.2

PHASE-01

FINAL STAGE PRELIMINARY STAGE

THE GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL SECTOR DUE TO THE FUTURE PROPOSALS MAY LEAD TO THE GROWTH OF DEVELOPMENT IN THIS DIRECTION

DRAFT STAGE

GROWTH PATTERN TO ANALYSE THE NEW TP SCHEMES FRAMEWORK

3.2

PHASE-02 PHASE-03

TP 1.1 - 1.5 Infrastructure Investment : Length = 15.8 Km ROADS Rs.71Cr

+

WATER SUPPLY + SEWERAGE = Rs.12Cr Rs.12Cr

Rs.95 Cr/ TP

Grand Total= Rs.474 Cr

1995

2005 | HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

2017

Private : 60%

Roads 20%

+

Land Bank 4%

Open SEWS + Space + 8% 8%

= 60:40


PHASE WISE FUTURE TP SCHEMES ( 2021-2031 ) PHASE-2

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

PHASE-3

PHASE-4


REVENUE & EXPENDITURE

Here, it has been tried to understand the Share of Expenditure in different projects as a part of Formal Sub-Standard project, Slums, Rental Housing and expenditure and revenue generation through TP Schemes. The various expenditures shown above in various projects are managed by different players. Some projects and models share grants at Central, State and Local level, whereas some projects are managed by government as well as private developers. A revenue of INR 808 Cr will be generated by 2022 by In-situ redevelopment project whereas rental housing through PPP model will generate a positive premium of INR 108 Cr by 2029 after all the schemes are completed. RRDA wing of RMC will also be able to generate annual revenue of INR 70 Cr through PPP model in rental housing schemes on rent. | HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02


PHASING

Phasing is an important aspect of any project formation. And, hence it has been tried that all the projects address the current demand and need along with the migration taking place. Thus, all the projects are being completed by 2022 to achieve the Housing for All motive. Every project here mentions the number of HHs being catered along with the investments and the timeline of their completion, in short term and long term goals. Town Planning Schemes are also distributed in a way that all the new TP Schemes are completed by 2031.

| HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02


STUDIO REFLECTION Demographics ( Phase 1-A ) : The major objective of phase 1 was to analyse Rajkot city as per census data. Through this exercise we analysed the census data as per population growth rate, literacy ratio, sex ratio, extension of municipal boundaries. Our major take away is that, the growth rate of Rajkot has increased tremendously over the past 2 decades in comparison to Gujarat state and Rajkot district. After independence the refugees added largely to the population of Rajkot which increased further due to more scope after extension of RMC boundary and urban agglomeration. To further understand Rajkot, we builded various future scenerios by projecting population till 2031. Key Institutions ( Phase 1-B ) : Major agencies working with RMC and some of the key financing institutions were studied by me in order to understand the scenario of public housing in Rajkot and auditing the role of RMC in these public housing schemes ,e.g. VAMBAY, BSUP, RAY and PMAY. This gave an insight into the financing mechanism for public housing. The study on the various key institutions was done by me to understand the financial institutions which are enabling people to afford houses. As per the study, Rajkot is considered to be a good performer in terms of public housing but still it has a huge gap between supply and demand of units. It was concluded that the policy framework needs to be articulated to make the enabling mechanism more stronger which will further lead to a good supply of public housing. Building Future Scenarios ( Industrial and Commercial space projection ) : ( Phase-2 ) The industries form a major part of Rajkot’s economy which also adds to the population due to migrants coming to work and live. By predict and provide method it was learnt that the ratio of employment and investment remains almost steady throughout which shows a steady growth of economy. Initiatives like Vibrant Gujarat are boosting the industries highly which are expanding the industrial clusters in the RUDA boundary and indicates a huge economic growth of Rajkot in terms of industries. Projections predicted gave a sign of a tremendous growth in both Industrial and Commercial sector in Rajkot. This phase also gave us the experience of conducting household surveys and the whole study area was divided within us to undergo individual surveys. Through the surveys, further analysis was done in terms of understanding the existing scenario of Rajkot. Developing City Wide Housing Strategies: ( Phase-3 ) The objective of the phase 3 was to propose an individual housing strategy to improve the affordability line in Rajkot. The individual proposals were chosen by us on the basis of analysis which we did for the above phases and the issues which were highlighted were focused. I focused on the strategy of supplying serviced land to enable the entire market in Rajkot. My way forward was working on 4 main rationales. The first objective was to analyse the present framework of all the existing TP schemes and further introducing new reforms to improve the framework. The second objective was to analyse the loopholes in the infrastructure network of the areas coming under RMC boundary. Even the investment required to bridge the gap in the infrastructure services to make land serviceable was calculated by me. The third objective was to analyse a single TP scheme in detail for pointing out the loopholes in the use of lands allotted for public realm. The analysis was taken further by proposing an efficient framework of supplying serviced lands for other housing strategies proposed throughout all the TP schemes. The fourth objective was analysing the areas which are not under TP schemes and to propose the future TP schemes as per the growth pattern of Rajkot. Throughout the entire process of this strategy, it was learnt by me that an efficient and viable serviced land supply framework to enable the entire market, affordability gap could be bridged and controlled. | HOUSING STUDIO | SEMESTER 02

HOUSING STRATEGIES FOR RAJKOT  
HOUSING STRATEGIES FOR RAJKOT  
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