Danito Oledan 15003285 Bsc Architecture
Architecture and Design Studio Portfolio
P1 Measured Handrawings
P2 Gloucester Analysis (Group Project)
P3 Gloucester Mediatheque
P4 Gloucester Housing for Generation Y
P1 Measured Drawing
The Brief To produce measured drawings of a part of a building on the UWE Campus in A1 format which should contain three drawings of the buildingâ€™s facade. These drawings must be drawn in mechanical pencil and/or appropriate drafting pens and could be coloured accordingly where appropriate. This project will be focues on the basis of process, precision, proportion, accuracy, depth and materiality.
Initial Drawing - Using Mechanical Pencil and Gray Promarkers As can be seen, the initial drawing was done using a mechanical pencil for its great accuracy and precision. The shadings were added using a gray promarker which eventually adds depth to the drawings. This initial drawing focuses on the accuracy, precision and proportion of the building as well as the depth of its facade. By leaving it as a black and white line drawing, it is even clear to see the accuracy of each bricks
Colours Experimentation The brief states that colour may be used if necessary and that good drawings does not necessarily needs it. However because of the use of various colours for this building, it seemed appropriate to experiement and show the use of these various materialities. To show these different materialities, I opted to again use promarkers as blocks of colours can be done quickly and easily. As seen in the drawing the building uses 2 different bricks, one lighter than the other, and a red cladding on its entrance door.
Media Experimentation - Improving Initial Drawing The initial drawing was heavily detailed and accurately drawn however my use of medium werenâ€™t the most succesfull. This is because the 2H mechanical pencil, which has high accuracy, is very light and difficult to see. The promarkers also fades in to the paper also making it harder to see the drawingâ€™s depth. Thefore in this media experimentation, I decided to trace the original drawings, using a 0.1 mm thich pen which makes the drawing heavier, where I then swapped from promarkers to traditional shading which uses a dark soft charcoal pencil. All of which can be seen in this drawing
Colours Experimentation 2 The drawings above shows a further development of my experimentation with colours. As seen, the use of colours are now more detailed where each materials are not just “single blocks” of colours. Each material are now coloured with details where each brick has varying gradients and shadows which adds even more depth to the drawing and further visualises the building’s materiality
Final Drawing As can be seen, the final drawing is a combination of the two drawing I have produced. I chose this as I believe this is the most succesful way of portraying the depth of the building’s facade and its use of materiality. By using the improved initial drawing, I can portray where the building’s openings are such as windows and doors, and by using the second coolour experimentation I can illustrate the building’s materiality and the various colours that were used.
P2 Gloucester Site Analysis (Group Project) The Brief This projectâ€™s focus is to undertake a detailed site/contextual analysis of the city of Gloucester which is based on understanding the place, its people, contours, history, language and views. This project is a neccesity before we start any design projects as we must understand the context of the city itself. The task requires a group work output that will then be compiled into a definitive analysis document where each group are given different themes to focus on. And as for my group, our analysis of Gloucester was solely focused on different Institutions around the city, such as Education, Healthcare and Financial.
Educational Institutions in Gloucester
1. Gloucester College
6. Tredworth Junior School
2. The Kingâ€™s School
8. St. James C of E Junior School
Educational Institutions in the City of Gloucester This sheet shows the location of 13 Educational Institutions most of which are located within the 1.5-2 miles radies of Gloucester City Centre. However there are considerable more educational institutions within Gloucester, the reasons for which are explained and explored in the next pages.
3. Wotton House International School
9. St. Peterâ€™s Primary School
These 13 institutions range from infant, primary and secondary education, aswell as the inclusion of the prominent Gloucester College and University of Gloucester. However, as seen on the diagram on the left, there are currently 35,00 0-19 year olds in Gloucester, a figure of 25% out of the total of 125,000 people in the City. This figure shows and provides the idea that Gloucester is not a city heavily populated and shaped for the young adults which consequently a reflection of the decline the city of Gloucester have face for the past years.
4. Widden Primary School
11. University of Gloucester
Gloucester College - located at Llanthony Road, Gloucester, GL5
Educational Institutions in Gloucester
5SQ. Gloucester College was founded in 1969 when the two branches of Gloucestershire College of Art in Cheltenham and Stroud combined with the Gloucester City College of Art. - the college is also the leading provider of apprenticeships in Gloucestershire where there are currently 14,000 full time and part-time students attending the college.
The King’s School - located at Pitt Street, Gloucester, GL1 2BG.
The Four Educational Institutions Surrounding the Centre of Gloucester It is well known that the City of Gloucester used to be one of the most prominent cities in England, however after the bombings of the First and Second World War, its prominance and future potential went on a decline and only recently acquired the fundings and the planning it needs to rebuilt itself. For this reason Gloucester contains a mixture of both historicaly rich schools and newly founded educational institutions, which is why it does not come as a suprise that the four institutions closest to the heart of the city are a collection of both.
- founded in 1541 which currently has 507 students, The King’s School was one of the seven “King’s School” established and renamed by King Henry VIII after the Dissolution of Monasteries. - it is a coeducational independant day school which traces its heritage to a school for choirboys founded on the grounds of Gloucester Cathedral as early as the 12th century.
These historical schools are The King’s School and Widden Primary School, founded in 1541 and 1878, respectively. These two educational institutions has been in the heart of Gloucester for centuries, both providing education for the locals and being part of the community that have seen change over the years. Aswell as the historical instutions, newly founded ones can also be found in the heart of the City. Gloucester College and the newly founded Wotton House International School provides modern education such as apprenticeships and integrated technology learning for the people of Gloucester. These institutions holds just as much importance as the historical schools mentioned as they’ the identity of present Gloucester and how we see Glouces
Wotton House International School -Wotton House International School is a new £4,000 a term
Widden Primary School
pricate school which will open this autumsv in Gloucester. - the school hopes to be the flagship of a global network of educational facilities and will open at Horton Road in the building which formerly occupied by Redcliffe College - Wotton House wants to be the first school in the South West to follow the Middle Years Programme of the International Baccalaureate Organisation, which the school says will allow the pupils to learn for themselves and allow the teachers to take more of a mentor role. - the school believes in three key elements of learning which are • a robust, inquiry based, knowledge curriculum • Integrated technology for learning • outdoor educations an integral part of each child’s experience
- the school opened on the 29th of October 1878 as “Widden Street School”. - it was the first new school built by Gloucester School board and was situated in the centre of a “popular and increasing neighbourhood” to provide for children in the Lower Barton Street area. - Thirteen Architects submitted plans for the building but Medland and Sons’ design was accepted because it combined efficiency with economy. - in 1985, the Junior and Infant School merged to form the current Widden Primary School, and in early 1986 moved to new buildings neary in Sinope Sreet, where at the time, the school had around 250 pupils.
Educational Institutions in Gloucester
The History of Educational Institution in the City of Gloucester St. Oswald’s Priory ruins and The King School - St. Oswald’s Priory was founded by Lady Aetheflaed of Mercia, daughter of Alfred the Great, around the 900s - The Priory’s Church, initially dedicated to St. Peter, was constructed from recycled Roman Stones, a time where it was a bold and unusual move to build Churches because of the frequent Viking raids - in the centuries that followed, St. Oswald’s grew rich as a place of pilgrimage and was located at the centre of a large parish - The King’s School heritage is amongst the richest and most fascinating of any school in England. - it can be traced back to the year 681 when, Osric, a vicery to the devoutly Christian Anglo-Saxon King, Ethelred of Mercia, founds the abbey of St. Peter in Gloucester, the forerunner of Gloucester Cathedral Both St. Oswald’s Priory and The King’s School has great similarities and connections as both were founded in the early years of Gloucester, and were built in the surroundings of the Gloucester Cathedral
During the early years of Gloucester, St. Oswald’s Priory and St. Peter’s Abbey (known today as Gloucester Cathedral) were the centre of religious upbringing. During these years it is known that Churches are the centre of the country, a time where Government is yet to exist. Therefore educational institutions such as The King’s School were built in the surroundings of these Churches. However in the centuries that followed, these Churches’ influence towards the country started to decline, and the idea of Government started to exist, and because of this reason (as shown in the map above) and aswell as the increasing number of population (shown in the diagram below) the number of educational w started to increase. However these institutions are considerably smaller and more spread out throughout the city to meet the growing neighbourhood’s needs, avoid possible inconvinience throughout the city, and provide education to children who lives too far out of the city centre.
Small practices in the begining, spread across Gloucester
Winfield Hospital (on the outskirts)
PEOPLE Bigger buildings with a lot of departments (serve more people but not as conveniently located)
Royal Hospital (near the city centre)
Rapid growth of the city due to INCREASED POPULATION.
The numbers of small practices have decreased as a result of the need to serve more people.
The hospitals are more CONTAINED (more departments for different things, all in the same area) because of the need to have everything in one place.
With the advent of technology (e.g. cars), places are more ACCESSIBLE.
Institutions The 2 maps are also showing the increased number of religious institutions in the past 2 centuries.
Gloucester 16th century Cathedral
Due to the fact that not everyone had access to education, people weren’t that informed. As a result, the Church was really INFLUENCIAL, it had POWER and WEALTH. The few schools were located in the proximity of churches as most educated people were the ones serving the Now Church.
Map showing parishes in the 18th century.
This diagram shows the growth in the number of churches in the past 2 centuries.
The number of the institutions has increased throughout history as so has the population that is using them. Most of the old churches are conserved and still used today, but they are no longer as influencial and powerful as they were in the PAST.
Map showing today’s churches (located towards the centre).
Even though not all the churches were built in the same century, they kept a similar architectural style that is part of Gloucester’s character now. Most of them were built in the Gothic style showing different stages of it.
St Mary de Crypt Church The original building dates back to the 12th century but the structure that’s there today was rebuilt almost entirely in the 14th century. An interesting thing about this church is that due to it’s central location it was used as an ammunition factory and store in the 17th century. Gloucester Cathedral St Peter‘s Catholic Church
St Catharine’s Church
During the times, when the Docks where an important aspect of Gloucester’s economy, this church was really popular due to its location. The church is considered an attractive space again as the warehouses around it, ohnce used for storage are now providing housing, so more and more people are using it.
Gloucester Mariners’ Church
Financial Institutes in Gloucester This section of the analysis looks into the financial institutes that are currently based in Gloucester as well as the history of financial institutes. In doing this we are attempting to give a good understanding of where the city has come from and how it has grown. In turn this will help us design in a respectable and beneficial way which will allow the city to move forward and grow.
Current Day Gloucester
18th Century Gloucester
Below is a map of 18th century Gloucester on which i a have ploted in blue the two financial institutes within Gloucester at the time. One of which is the Gloucester Old Bank on Westgate Street the other is the Toll/Counting Station which is situated at the Docks.
Below is a map of modern day Gloucester. This map has the main current financial institues ploted on it. Current day institutse consist of banks, building societyâ€™s, insurance brokers and financail advisors.
One thing that is made clear from comparing these maps is that although GLoucester as a whole has grown, which is dramatically reflected in the growth of financial institutes within the city, the heart of the city has remained, which has been constructed around the original Roman plan.
Our Research has found that the first financial institute that was established in Gloucester was the GLouceter Old Bank. Established in 1716 by John Wood, it was situated at 22 Westgate Street and was one of two financial establishments in GLoucester. The second was the toll station which was situated at the docks. in the 18th century the docks played a large roll in the survival and growth of Gloucester. This is due to the situation of the city and that the docks are the furthest inland import export station.
The image to the left is an illistration to the left is of the Gloucester Old Bank
Modern day financial institutes in GLoucester have changed dramaticaly. There are now beleived to be 94 different financial institues within Gloucester. The majority of these being banks, however there are also building societyâ€™s, financial adviser and insurance brokers from the maps above it is clear to see that most of which are situated in the centre of the city.
The image to the rght is a photo of the HSBC bank which is at the cross in the centre of gloucester, the photo was taken on a field trip to the city.
Westgate - Eastgate Street Financial Institution Density The street highlighted in this diagram is the old roman street that runs east to west, this street is known as Westgate and Eastgate street. In current times it is one of the main streets for shops and cafes in the centre of Gloucester. This street also has a high number of financial institutions based on it. This diagram shows the institutes that are present on the street and the location of each institute. This area has the highest density of financial institutes in Gloucerster.
Current FinanciaL Institutes Photographic Study
Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS)
Bradford and Bingley
Bank Address: The Cross Gloucester Postcode: GL1 2AP
Bank Address: 1 Westgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 2TT
Building Society Address: 24 Westgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: Gl1 2PT
Bank Address: 28 Westgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 1TQ
Bank Address: 19 Eastgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 1NU
Bank Address: 3/5 Westgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 2NW
Bank Address: 35 Westgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 2NW
Bank Address: 5 Northgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 2AH
Current Financial Institutes Photographic Study
Stroud & Swindon
Alliance and Leicester
Cheltenham and Gloucester
Building Society Address: 11 Westgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 2NW
Bank Address: 5 Eastgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 1NS
Bank Address: 23 Eastgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 1QR
Bank Address: 18 Southgat Street, GLoucester Postcode: GL1 2DH
Insurance Broker Address: 59 Eastgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 1PN
Bank Address: 6-8 Westgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 2NL
Lloyds Bank Address: 19 Eastgate Street, Gloucester Postcode: GL1 1NU
P3 Gloucester Mediatheque The Brief We were to design a Mediatheque which serves the city of Gloucester. This Mediatheque should be a place of gathering and a resource for the city, and should contain spaces that can be used for different functions throughout the day. This Mediatheque should serve as a library, exhibition space, childrenâ€™s activity centre and a multimedia centre. The building should be a visible and distinctive structure that fits within the siteâ€™s context by not overpowering its neighbouring buildings. The building should provide comfort and must welcome every citizens by allowing use however they may please.
1:1250 Site Plan The site I was given (Site 4) is located on the centre of Gloucester docks, surrounded by Grade Listed warehouses and a church aswell as a private block of flats and an open space occupied as a car park. My initial thought was to create a building which uses these â€˜constraintsâ€™ as an advantage and to create a building which clearly reflects and fits within its context.
Site Analysis and Concept During my site analysis I found out that the site acts as short-cut for a lot of pedestrians (see red coloured dashes) which means simply slotting a building within the site would terribly affect the pedestrianâ€™s path. Because of the open space occupied as a car park, daylight is at itâ€™s best on the east, which I believe should be taken advantage of. In this site analysis I also found out that there are numerous educational instituions minutes away from the site one of which is Gloucester College, which means a new multimedia centre in this site would attract more young adults, and therefore should be taken into consideration.
Workshop Task 1 - Speed Modelling For this task, we were to produce quick sketch massing models over a site map. The focus was to gain initial ideas of the scale, context and spatial organisations. In this task, one of my sketch model has a space that is raised off the ground allowing a public pedestrian path through the building, an idea which fits my initial concept.
Initial Organisation of Functions As a mediatheque requires different functions, I figuredthat organising these functions should be a top priority. As seen in these sketches my initial thought was that the children’s area, reception and cafe should all overlap as they would be the most “public” spaces and therefore the least isolated and the loudest. Another idea was to have the computer room, book stacks and exhibition room accessible and linked together as these would be the more “private” and isolated spaces used for educational purposes. And as seen in the sketches of plans, these functions are stacked together to create a space which becomes more “private” and isolated as you go up.
Separation of Functions By overlaping and linking functions I must also find a way of separating them. These separations can be seen in the sketches where foot bridges are made allowing separations and link from one function to another. these footbridges, which are raised off the ground also allows a spatial change for people walking through and underneath the building.
Initial Form and Massing Ideas These sketches portrays the initial form and massing ideas of the building in a 3-dimensional aspect. Another sketch shows how a platform over the docks might be added to provide an attractive place of gathering. It can also be seen how Iâ€™ve started to consider the circulation space through the building and how one may move from one floor to the other.
Develope Form and Mass This is a furtherly developed form and mass which, as seen in the drawings, puts the whole form together. Here it can finally be seen that the other half of the building is fully raised off the ground by columns, which should then provide an access through the site for the public pedestrians. In these sketches, it also shows my first considerations towards the elevational views of the building.
Initial Sketch Model - 1:500 This sketch model was made to get a sense of scale of the building, and how it may fit within the site. By using this site and sketch model, I was also able to experiment with the buildingâ€™s orientation and what is the most suitable for maximising daylight.
Workshop Task 3 - Adjacency The output for this workshop was to create a graphical analysis of the floor areas and the scale of each function, aswell as to produce a minimum of 2 conceptual diagrams. The graphical analysis of the floor areas shows how a core square shape is contained within each floor and stacked over the other creating the centre or the “spine” of the building. Where as the parti diagrams reflects to my initial ideas of linking the building’s functions based on their purposes and how I intended to isolate spaces as you go up the building.
Structural Precendece To archieve my intention of having a building raised off the ground, I looked on Le Corbusier’s “Five Points of Architecture” as precedence. Le Corbusier is known for believing that modern living should be raised up howver it was more his structural work that influenced this design and the building’s strugtural integrity. His famous sketch for a “modern architecture” (top right picture) shows how he used grids, columns and concrete slabs that could span remarkable lengths. By intending to use a similar structure, my building’s facade will also be free of any structural constraints allowing me to freely organise openings as I wish to.
Materiality Precedence As for materiality, my building’s facade is just as ambitious because of the allowed freedom given by my structural choice. For materiality precedence, I was influenced by the Newcastle University Northern Stage Theatre and Nash Baker’s Broad Street House. This is because of my intention to create a facade which becomes “heavier” as you go up to reflect the idea of isolation and privacy. This means that my building’s ground floor will be more exposed with little cover and privacy and the top floor will be almost fully covered with little amount of openings. The initial idea was to start with curtain glazing on the ground, a mixture of brick and timber on the middle floor and a full strip of brick for the top floor.
Workshop Task 2 - Collage - Creating a Future Space The task was to create a collage that expresses a particular space of the building whether itâ€™d be through atmosphere, materiality or spatial quality. In this collage my intention was to portray my idea of raised platform where the public can go through or underneath it keeping the siteâ€™s existing pedestrian route.
Workshop Task 5 - Page Layout The aim of this task is to produce a layout for the presentation/hand-in by creating rough sketches of different pages and the outputs required
Further Massing Development In addition to the massing and form, I have also drawn the building in different perspective to gain an idea on how the materials will be â€œwrappedâ€? around the building. This is an important aspect as the different strips of material aeround each floor must be kept consistent and distinct aswell as aesthetically pleasing.
Elevational Studies As seen in these sketches, these are some of my elevational studies which shows the different wrap of materials that gets heavier as you go up each floor. It also shows how the amount of openings slowly decreases from ground floor, which is a fully glazed space to the top floor which has slits openings that allows daylight through, however does not reveal the privacy of anyone whoâ€™s inside.
Circulation Studies 1 Linking different functions was achieved through the use of footbridges. However the vertical circulation space is just as important if not more. These circulation spaces must take the least amount of spaces to maximise the habitable space. Which is why all my staircases runs parralel to a wall and are straight staircases with intermediate landings. By doing this, the space required for the staircase and voids are minimised. In this drawing it can also be seen that an external staircase is present which leads into the platform over the docks where the cafe is located. This gives an option for users to enter the cafe without going through the reception.
Circulation Studies 2 My second circulation study is similar to the first one, however this staircase is tucked in between 2 walls as it leads to the cinema. This shows how circulation space can be used privately and can be hidden away from the public if neccesarily. This staircase also serves a 2nd purpose of hiding away the plant room which placed underneath it.
Final Drawings - Ground and First Floor Plan These drawings shows the spatial organisations of the Ground Floor’s reception and children’s area, and the First Floor’s exhibition room, plant room, toilets, cafe and cantilevered platform.
Final Drawings - Second Floor and Roof Plan These drawings shows the spatial organisation of the Second Floorâ€™s cinema, book stacks and computer room, aswell as the Roof Planâ€™s roof lights.
Final Drawings - East Elevation
Final Drawings - North Elevation
Final Drawings - West Elevation
Final Drawings - South Elevation
Final Drawings - East Section
Final Drawings - North Section
Final Drawings - Isometric Drawings
Developed Sketch Model This sketch model portrays the final form and massing of my building in context to the site, the model is not to scale, however it provides enough information such as the proposed orientation of the building within the site and the raised extension of the building that will provide access route for the pedestrian through the site.
Massing Model This model shows the final massing of the building to scale and how its size relates to the surrounding buildings within the site.
Natural Ventilation The building’s natural ventilation is achieved by having two voids, one of which is the space in which the lift fits, and the other is the void provided by the staircases which are parralel to each other. Solar Control (Shading Design) The building’s facade includes “slit” windows which allows daylight to penetrate the building from the east and west, and by doing so the building avoids absorbing too much solar energy especialy on hot summer days. Solar Control (Shading Design) The building’s facade includes “slit” windows which allows daylight to penetrate the building from the east and west, and by doing so the building avoids absorbing too much solar energy especialy on hot summer days. Thermal Mass Polished concrete slabs and walls are used for the building’s internal materials to provide higher thermal mass where during high temperature days, heat can be absorb by the concrete to keep the building’s interior cool and comfortable.
Outdoor Comfort The building is designed to provide comfortable outdoor social spaces which also takes advantage of the pleasing view from the docks.
1:20 Part Elevation Environmental Strategy
1:10 Part Elevation
1:20 Part Elevation
1:10 Part Plan
1:10 Part Elevation
1:10 Part Plan
1:5 Junction Detail
Isometric Structural Diagrams
Workshop Task 4 - Structures Isometric Structural Diagrams
In this task, the aim was to create a structural system that would be the most suitable for the building. As I have initially decided, my buildingâ€™s structure will follow the ideas of Le Corbusierâ€™s Five Points of Architecture and will be built using pillotis that will suppor concrete slabs. The organisation of these columns are alson shown in the strucutural grid that I have made, which has a grid of 8 metres with the longest span being 12 metres.
Structural Grid Plans
6 7 8
5 4 3 2 11
Structural Deatil 1 - Waffle Slab 1. Concrete Waffle Slab 2. Closed Cell Rigid Polystyrene Insulation
3. Vapour Barrier 4. Plasterboard 5. Polished Concrete Finish 6. Air Cavity 7. Breather Membrane 8. Orientated Strand Board 9. Timber Cladding
Structural Detail 2 - Curtain Glazing 1. Reiforced Concrete Strip Footing 2. Sand Blinding and Thick Compacted Hardcore 3. Reinforced Concrete Slab 4. Closed Cell Rigid Polystyrene Insulation
7 6 5 4 3
5. Reinforced Concrete Slab Flooring 6. Curtain Glazing 7. 350mm Column
External and Internal View These renders shows how the external and internal spaces will be inhabited. The external space, as seen in the render, shows how the platform over the docks will provide shelter and comforatble space for people intending to only use the Mediathequeâ€™s cafe. Whereas the internal render portrays the computer room that will be used by different ages for different purposes.
Detailed Section This section shows the vertical circulation space of the building and how the level or privacy and function changes from ground floor to the top floor. Where the ground floor is the most public and therefore has the most occupants, in contrast to the top floor which has greater privacy and less occupants.
â€œBad libraries build collections; Good libraries build services; Great libraries build communitiesâ€? - R. David Lankes
P4 Gloucester Housing for Generation Y
The aim of this project is to consider the needs of young people between the ages of 18-35 and provide them a way of shared living that enables them to move through the early adult stages of life affordably. The final scheme must have atleast 12 housing â€˜unitsâ€™ that are contained within 2 different dwelling types that can be replicated across the site and a communal hub that will be shared by the community
1:1250 Site Plan The site is currently being used as a car park and is a few minutes walk away from the centre. It is surrounded by some derelict structures, a multi-storey car park, a Georgian building and Blackfriars. All of which must be taken into careful consideration towards the masterplaning of the site.
Site Analysis and Concept During my site analysis, the most important aspect of the site which I found was the access route that directly cuts through it (refer to blue arrow) and the fact that it is surrounded by roads (refer to red dashes). Therefore my initial idea was to keep the path through the site that can be accessed either by the public or private residents. Another factor of the site was on how â€˜openâ€™ it is. The siteâ€™s west elevation is another car park which lacks any natural protection, therefore wind and noise pollutions are expected from this side of the site and again must be taken into consideration during design process.
Workshop Task 7 - Site Studies In this workshop we were asked to create a site study and create diagramatic masterplans that shows the organisation of the dwellings that we may choose. As seen in these sketches some of my initial masterplans includes courtyards, parralel blocks, and linear housings, one of which became my final masterplan.
Initial Masterplan In this initial masterplan I opted to combine 2 of the masterplan studies I made during the site study workshop. As shown in the sketch there would have been a linear housing and a couryard dwelling, where the communal hub would be tucked away and towards the Blackfriars. However as I developed this masterplan, I came to the realisation that some paths would be too tight or that each housings would be too close from one another.
Developed Masterplan As shown in this sketch, my developed masterplan reflects a linear housing that was one of the diagramatic masterplans that I made during the site study workshop. With this masterplan its clear that there are better quality spaces around each dwellings and that a dircet route through the site is even more present.
Housing Organisation My housing organisation is shown in these sketches. The idea is to create a house where the entrance hall gives access to every room within the house so that no room has to be used as a passage. As can be seen on the diagrams I also intend to place all the bedrooms on the ground floor and the living space above ground, creating an â€œupside downâ€? house. To achieve these ideals I intend to use wide frontage house layouts that provides maximum daylight for each room, decreasing the possibilities of poorly lit halls.
Workshop Task 10 - Collage Atmosphere In this collage, my intention to show the idea of â€˜double height spacesâ€™ that should ideally create a better connection with the upper floor living spaces and ground floor bedrooms. I also proposed a well lit space that will have rooflights that wouls pierce through these double height spaces providing daylight throughout the house.
Workshop Task 6 - Gloucester Housing
Concept Precedence I consider Le Corbusier’s Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart as the main precedence for my housing concept. Unlike P3, I used Le Corbusier’s ideals purely as abstractive, interpreting his ideals of “raised up” living into something which fits the context of the project and something that can be considered as buildable in today’s industry.
Landscape Precedence As for my landscape precendence Alison Brooks Architectâ€™s and Pollard Thomas Edwardsâ€™ North West Cambridge project portrays my ideas of integrated space within private communities. This housing project has a sprawling landscape with straight avenues and open square that reflects the characteristics of a rural setting. Something which I intend to achieve for my design.
Dwelling A Plans Ideas These sketches shows the different options I had for Dwelling A. The dwelling which is intended to be shared between young professionals Option A had 5 bedrooms and is a shared house aimed for students. This might provide affordable homes and could provide accommodations for more people, however cramming these 5 bedrooms would have resulted into poor quality spaces. Option B had 3 downstair bedrooms, and an upper floor kitchen and living room. A layout which suits my initial concept and has better quality of space and possible improvements. Option C had 3 upper bedrooms and a ground floor living room, dining room and kitchen. This is probably the best layout, howver it does not have much of an architecturall ambition.
Dwelling B Plans Ideas These sketches shows the different options I had for Dwelling B. A dwelling meant to be for young growing families. Option A had 3 groundfloor bedrooms and an unpstairs open living room and kitchen plan. It follows my idea of â€œupside downâ€? living, however the layout of plans are not satisfactory. Option B had 3 firstfloor bedrooms and a ground floor kitchen, dining room and living room. A superb layout for a family home, however does not comply to my concept. Option C had 3 ground floor bedrooms and kitchen and a first floor living room. An ideal layout, however having a hitchen next to the bedrooms are not practical.
Workshop Task 8 - 1:100 Plans (Dwelling A) The aim for this task is draw our developed plans in 1:100 with the consideration of access, internal doors, location of windows, room labels and approximate size of bedrooms. As the drawing shows, I opted to develop Option B. The developed plans now shows the relationship between the ground floor bedrooms and the private external spaces. Each bedrooms also now have an en-suite to fit the purpose of the users.
Workshop Task 8 - 1:100 Plans (Dwelling B) The aim for this task is draw our developed plans in 1:100 with the consideration of access, internal doors, location of windows, room labels and approximate size of bedrooms. As seen with the drawings, these developed plans came from Option B, however to fit my concept, the layout and organisation of plans are flipped vertically. where all the bedrooms are now on the ground floor and the livings spaces are raise off the ground.
Final Master Plan - 1:500 This final masterplan further shows accurately the middle gree space on the site. The idea for this green space is to become a place of “gathering” where each residents have access to it from their own private space. This green space will provide ‘pockets’ of spaces that can serve different purposes. By having such an open space and not committing to any particular function, the space can easily be adaptable for a number of different use.
Final Design - Dwelling A Ground Floor This shows the final ground floor plan for dwelling A. The layout of the plan has not changed massively, from the developed Option B where all the bedrooms are all on ground floor and each have their own en-suites and double beds
Final Design - Dwelling A First Floor In similar fashion, the first floor has also stayed the same with no major changes apart from re-calculating the sizes of rooms and making sure there are enough rooms for each furnitures.
Dwelling A Terrace Elevations
Final Design - Dwelling A Front Elevation
Final Design - Dwelling A Back Elevation
Dwelling A Section This section shows the double height space and how daylight penetrate these spaces through the rooflights
Final Design - Dwelling B Ground Floor Similarly as Dwelling A, not much has also been changed to Dwelling B. The bedrooms were slightly changed due to size issues and now works well within the requirements.
Final Design - Dwelling B First Floor As can be seen in the photo the upper floor of Dwelling B only contains 1 door, as all the seperations are through walls. By doing so a family can interact with each other freely and easily and could use this open plan to customise their homes as they please.
Dwelling B Terrace Elevations
Final Design - Dwelling B Front Elevation
Final Design - Dwelling B Back Elevation
Dwelling B Section This section shows the double height space and how daylight penetrate these spaces through the rooflights
Dwelling A Sectional Model As can be seen in the images, this model shows a section of Dwelling A and the relation between the ground floor bedroom spaces and the upper floor living spaces. The image also shows how the living spaces are more spatious than a traditional home, which in turns should promote better use and better quality of space and comfort.
Dwelling A Sectional Model Whereas these images shows the vertical circulation and the organisation of stairs which also creates a double heaight space through itâ€™s void.
Dwelling A Isometric Drawing - Structural System This shows Dwelling Aâ€™s load bearing strutural system and the relationship between the internal and external walls. This also shows the double pitched roof design that allows the house to gain maximum daylight.
Dwelling B Isometric Drawing - Structural System This also shows the structural integrity of Dwelling B and the relationship between the load bearing external walls and the non-load bearing internal walls.
Workshop Task 11 - Building Section The aim for this task is to draw a section through the building that shows consideration towards materiality, structure, and detail.
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Balcony Detail 1. Breather Membrane
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2. Blockwork 3. Timber Finish 4. Reinforced Concrete Slab 5. Vapour Barrier 6. Mineral Fibre Insulation
7. Timber Flooring Battens 8. Timber Joist 9. Timber Flooring 10. Timber Sliding Door Cill 11. Double Glazed Sliding Door
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Foundation Detail 1. Engineering Brick 2. Air Cavity 3. Breather Membrane 4. Mineral Fibre Insulation 5. Timber Joist
6. Reinforced Concrete Strip Footing 7. Earth 8. Compacted Hardcore and Concrete Slab 9. Closed Cell Rigid Polystyrene Insulation 10. Timber Finish 11. Vapour Barries 12. Reinforced Concrete Slab 13. Timber Flooring Battens
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1 Roof Detail
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1. Timber Rafters 2. Vapour Barrier 3. Mineral Fibre Insulation
4. Timber Joists 5. Timber Finish 6. Blockwork 7. Breather Membrane 8. Air Cavity 9. Brickwork 10. Timber Joists 11. Timber Roof Cladding 12. Timber Roofing Battens 13. Gutter
Workshop Task 9 - Environmental Strategy Section The housesâ€™ double height spaces provides a natural ventilation system which allows air to travel through the house vertically. External spaces such as balconies also have sunshades to control light penetration and reduce thermal gain. Pitched rood designs that allows easier rainwater management and for optimizing lighting during the day. There are outdoor spaces which provides comfort and acts as gathering areas. These green spaces are shaded using natural means such as trees to create interactive spaces for social activities
Site Section This section shows the relationship between the dwellings and their double height spaces and the green open space in the miiddle of the site.
Internal Renders These images shows rendered views of the double height spaces within Dwelling A and how the rooflights provide light within these spaces.
External Render A view of the open green space from the ground showing how it may be used by residents or the public
â€œPublic housing is more than just a place to live, public housing programs should provide opportunities to residents and their familiesâ€? - Corolyn McCarthy