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Proud To Be German - American Stolz Deutsch - Amerikaner Zu Sein Visit us at

Volume 64 Number 5

October/November 2016

Hessen, Germany Sister State of Wisconsin, USA


German - American Journal



German - American Journal


Contents of This Issue 4 5 6 7 8 10 12 14 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 28 32

From the President’s Desk by Michael Ianni German-American Hour Radio of Toledo, Ohio Wordsearch – Die Jahreszeit: der Herbst The Legend of St. Martin Simple ideas to make a small kitchen appear bigger So many castles in Bavaria: Five alternatives to Neuschwanstein Fairytale castle Neuschwanstein: less a place that a state of mind Volkstrauertag, Remembrance Day in Germany Medicine, Monopoly, and the Premodern State — Early Clinical Trials Regensburg – die alt-neue Stadt/Regensburg – the old-new city The Germans who are fleeing Merkel's refugee policies - for Hungary

Editorial Staff Ronald Kabitzke Beverly Pochatko Eva Timmerhaus Christel Miske Correspondents Anne Marie Fuhrig Francine McKenna

200-year-old German "miracle pine" grows tall on monastery wall Peace through mutual understanding DANK Milwaukee in action at German Fest A Perfect Picnic! for DANK Lake County, IL Chapter DANK Chicago South End of Summer 2016 Events Great Lakes Bay Region had a busy summer with many festivals Erie’s German Heritage Fest Celebrated 20 years! GAHF announces Philip F. Anschutz as the 2016 Distinguished German-American of the Year Short stories from the DPA Wire Service «Mister Bundesrepublik», Sänger und großer Visionär Former West German president Walter Scheel dies Volunteers find thousands of old German currency in donated laundry Suddenly, it's cool to be German Poll: Germans optimistic about the future Aus Oma's Küche – Adelaide’s Sauerbraten Meatballs The Luther Decade: On the trail of Martin Luther VW steals global sales top spot from Toyota despite emission scandal

Typography Ronald Kabitzke Kabitzke Familien GmbH Advertising and Classifieds Russ Knoebel General Information

German American Journal -ISSN 10868070 is published bimonthly and is the official publication of the German American National Congress. Periodicals postage paid at Chicago, IL and additional mailing offices.

POSTMASTER” Send address changes to: German-American Journal 4740 N. Western Avenue Suite 206 Chicago IL. 60625-2013 Annual Subscription Rate $15.00

Rhine and Danube river cruises gain zest with dining or nights ashore DANK does not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information published herein. DANK reserves the right to change or amend submissions for any reason without prior notice.


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From The President’s Desk Mike Ianni, National President

By the time you receive this edition, many of you will have celebrated your Oktoberfests with dear friends and family. It was no different here in Chicago with many fests occurring throughout the month. It is exciting to get into the spirit and enjoy some time in the fall air to enjoy some music and refreshments. I hope that all of you were able to use those fests as a way to get a good start to this very busy season with everyone heading back to work and school. This past month was an exciting opportunity to be able to share a few hours with some of your fellow chapters and their presidents. I held the September 10 Leadership Meeting to help bring momentum into our October 29 Board Meeting (where all chapters are welcome). It was impressive to see the passion and dedication that these leaders brought to the table. I’d like to personally thank Bill Bessa, Fred Leinweber, Greg Hoeft, Peter Winkler and their teams for giving their thoughts on how to grow DANK (especially right before the Von Steuben parade!). One of my goals for these two years is listen to the chapters, and not only did I take it as my duty to listen, but also to learn from them. Your colleagues were tremendous teachers at this meeting, and I was an eager student. I am even more enthusiastic about the October meeting now, so I hope that many of you can make it so that I can learn from you. Over time, I have realized that some feel that there has been a lack of engagement with the DANK National Executive Board and the chapters. I know there are issues from DANK’s history that many of you experienced. While I wish I could, I can’t go back in time and fix any of those past problems. I can only help steer the organization, with the help of the rest of the Executive Board, to a brighter future for DANK. I don’t know what that future might be, but I do know that it is something that many of you care deeply about. I fear failing all of you by not trying my best to preserve our legacy while also pursuing a strong future for our organization. So I will continue to serve you in the best possible way. While I could keep going on other topics, I’ll keep this letter short as I know you will want to read on to see what your other chapters have been up to lately. Enjoy this time of year with your families, and maybe I’ll see you when we’re out seeing the leaves change all around the Midwest. Don’t you just love all of those colors? Lastly, please note in your calendars that November 13 is Volkstrauertag and will be hosted by the Lake County chapter. This is an important and somber time in German history and Ursula & Greg Hoeft put together a special event for those who are able to attend. Bis bald!

DANK seeks to bring together Americans of German descent in the pursuit of cultivating and presenting their heritage and interests on local, regional and national levels. These were the primary reasons that the German American National Congress was founded in 1959 and they are still among the organization’s primary objectives today. DANK National Executive Board

President: Michael Ianni Vice President : Erik Wittmann Ronald Kabitzke Treasurer: Bob Miske Secretary: Beverly Pochatko Membership: Erik Wittmann DANK National Executive Office 4740 N. Western Avenue Chicago IL. 60625-2013 Phone: (773) 275-1100 Toll Free: 1-888-USA-DANK Office Hours: 9 am - 4 pm Monday, Wednesday-Friday

Executive Secretary Eva Timmerhaus Office Manager Russ Knoebel


German - American Journal


German-American Hour Radio of Toledo, Ohio In this issue, we are featuring another of our advertiser's, the German-American Hour Radio program from Toledo, Ohio. The German-American Hour of Toledo, OH is a two-hour radio program every Sunday morning from 9-11AM local time. Our mission is to bring a little

Dillon Wood, the GAH is still running strong. We can be heard every Sunday on Fox Toledo 1230AM and WIOT 104.7 HD2 Toledo. For those who don’t live in the area, Fox Toledo 1230AM is available on iHeart Radio online or through the phone app. If you still can’t access our live shows, never fear! We have a special online website with all of our archived

shows: http://germanamericanhour. You can also click the link on our main website: For more information, news, and strange stories, follow us on Facebook by searching for The German-American Hour. To contact us, send us an email at or send us a postcard at 125 S. Superior St. Toledo, OH 43604.

Die Jahreszeit: der Herbst Author – Christel Miske For answers, please see WORDSEARCH on page 22

Host Jack Renz bit of Germany and German-speaking countries to the US. We play German, Austrian, and Swiss music from today and yesterday, we discuss news articles and current events from German-speaking countries, and we keep our listeners up-to-date on the happenings in the German Bundesliga (soccer league). There is also a German word of the week, countless recipes from our resident chef Hans Otto, and lots and lots of laughter. You’ve never heard a radio program where the hosts and guests were having this much fun. The GAH has been on the air for nearly 70 years. Host Jack Renz took over the show five years ago with his friend and co-host Tim Pecsenye. Tim remained with the show until his death last February. Though we dearly miss him, we’ve soldiered on. In March, Vern Basilius, a local legend in the German community, stepped in to help steer the ship. With the biweekly appearances of Hans Otto, the German word of the week by Frau Christina (Jack’s wife), visits from Bruno (Christina’s father), and our incredibly talented board operator

German - American Journal



The Legend of St. Martin By Werner Stoelker Milwaukee Liederkranz One Day St. Martin rode to Amiens, a city in France. It was the middle of winter and the weather was harsh and cold. Just a short distance ahead of the town gates the horse snorted and reared. A man dressed in rags had jumped onto the road. He would have almost been run over. He was a poor, old man. His

(Š picture-alliance/ KNA-Bild)

Dressed as St. Martin, this man hands out "Weckmänner" to the awaiting youngsters. clothes were so thin and torn that he surely would have froze to death outside that night. His hands and face were blue with cold and his voice was hoarse. "Help me against the cold,' he cried. His cry was only a hoarse whisper since he had been outside on the street all day long. In this weather, he could have caught his death of cold. All day he begged the passersby for help, but no one took notice of his need. Martin took one look at the man and decided immediately to help him. The question was, how? He had nothing to give the man. Martin thought, "No, I cannot let him freeze to death!" He pulled out his sword and cut his cloak in half. Martin gave half to the poor man and put the other half around his own shoulders. That way, neither of them needed to be cold. When the people of Amiens heard of St. Martin's kindness they wanted to honor him. But Martin was a humble and modest man and did not want so much attention. So, he hid himself in the goose pen of a nearby farm. The citizens of Amiens looked all over the town and nearby countryside of Martin. Finally, the loud honking from

the goose pen gave Martin's hiding place away. St. Martin was honored for his kindness and was paraded through the town on a white horse. Up to this day, people celebrate his generosity. In Europe, children parade through the town with their lanterns lit (some

bought, some home-made) at night, singing. They also go from house to house and sing and get treats. The children at the German Immersion School in Milwaukee parade at night through the park next to the school with their self-made lanterns, singing. When they come back inside the school, they get an apple and cookies.

Simple ideas to make a small kitchen appear bigger By Katja Fischer, dpa (dpa) - A good way to make a small kitchen appear even smaller is to clutter its work surfaces with objects. But how can you clear space on your kitchen countertop when there's no room left in your cupboards for all your cooking utensils, appliances and containers? You need what Kirk Mangels from Germany's trade association of the kitchen industry, AMK, calls "space-saving features." These include intelligent solutions that can turn even the smallest kitchen into a lesson in efficient living. "If a kitchen is solely used for the preparation and cooking of food you will need at least 10 square metres of space," says Sibylle Banner from Germany's homeowners association. In order to have enough room for cutting, cleaning and cooking, the kitchen will have to be simple. "However, a kitchenette must still have plenty of storage space," advises Banner. Slightly larger kitchens can be fitted out with two kitchenettes, installed facing each other. "This type of setup is suitable for square-shaped kitchens," says Banner. The kitchen should have a width of at least 2.4 metres. But adding a third kitchenette would leave far too little space for guests to sit. But the size of the kitchen is not the only factor to be taken into account. Each homeowner brings different needs into their kitchen. "Even a big kitchen that is used every day to cook for a large family can quickly appear too small," says Mangels. A person who goes shopping every two weeks

also needs more storage space than a person who shops every day. Make sure to answer the following questions before beginning to plan a new kitchen: How many people will be in the kitchen at any one time? How often will food be cooked? Will the kitchen be used to eat food as well as prepare it? How many plates, pots and pans do I have and how many do I really need? Naturally it's important to use all the space available in the cupboards. The latest trend in kitchen design is away from wall cupboards towards drawer compartments. The advantage to a drawer is that objects are seen at a glance and can't hide away for months or years, such as at the back of the cupboard. Pots and pans are ideally stored in corner cupboards. The position of appliances in the kitchen is another important aspect. "If an appliance is placed badly in the kitchen it will just get in the way," says Werner Scholz from Germany's trade association of the electronics industry, ZVEI. Space can be saved by using the most compact appliances on offer, such as 45-centimetre wide dishwashers instead of the standard 60 centimetres. "There's a space-saving version of almost every appliance," says Scholz. Another space-saving trend in kitchen design is integrated technology. "Food slicers can be integrated into a work top, for example," says Scholz. "There are coffee machines, ovens and microwaves that can be directly integrated into the kitchenette at the height of the work top." It's a great way to save space and keep small work surfaces free of clutter.


German - American Journal


So many castles in Bavaria: Five alternatives to Neuschwanstein (dpa) - Neuschwanstein is the undisputed favourite castle for tourists visiting Germany, but there are many other royal palaces near it in the southern state of Bavaria well worth seeing. Here are five recommended by the Bavarian Administration of Castles, Parks and Lakes - many of which are genuine secret tips that savvy travellers but not even native Germans know about: - Rosenau Castle: Originally a medieval fort located at Roedental, near Coburg, the castle was refashioned at the start of the 19th century into a neo-Gothic summer residence for Duke Ernst I of Saxe-Coburg.

- King's House on Schachen: More a mini-castle than a castle proper, this one, like the majestic Neuschwanstein, was also built by Bavarian King Ludwig II in 1869. At an elevation of 1,866 metres in the Wetterstein range some 15 kilometres south of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, it is a

King's House on Schachen

Rosenau Castle, Coburg, Germany Very worth seeing is the three-aisled marble hall as well as the living quarters with their colourfully decorated walls and original Viennese Biedermeier-era furniture. - Dachau Palace: The hilltop Renaissance building evolved during the 16th century from a medieval fortress. The ornate wooden ceiling in the banquet hall is one of the best in southern Germany. From the castle grounds terrace, you get a panoramic view of Munich about 15 kilometres to the south, and in the far distance beyond the city, the Bavarian Alps.

favourite destination for hikers. Kind Ludwig always celebrated his birthday up there, and no wonder, considering the spectacular views from that royal perch. - Veitshoechheim: The 17th-century summer palace near Wuerzburg, built by Prince-Bishop Peter Philipp von Dernbach, is best known for its rococo-style gardens featuring some 300 sculptures and romantic hedgerow-lined paths. The Grand Duke Ferdinand of Tuscany loved the Italian style of this place so much that he spent every summer from 1806 to 1814 in it. - Willibaldsburg Castle: The fortress overlooking the town of Eichstaett was first built in 1355 and then expanded on during the 16th century. Under Prince-Bishop Johann Conrad von Gemmingen it was remodeled into a palace to display his taste and wealth. The bastion gardens have been laid out using the design found in an historic copper etching, making them unique in Germany as a replica of gardens of the past, the Bavarian administration of castles and parks says.

Fairytale castle Neuschwanstein: less a place that a state of mind Christoph Driessen, dpa Schwangau (dpa) - It is, arguably, the most iconic image that people around the globe have of "good old Germany" - the fairytale castle of Neuschwanstein, nestled beneath the snowand forest-covered Alps of Bavaria. Don't expect to be alone. Most days by 8:30 am the castle courtyard is completely filled with tourists, with more and more trudging up from the carpark, eyes fixed in wonder on

the majestic edifice that the "mad king" of Bavaria, Ludwig II (1845-1886), built for himself. Notoriously people-shy, the king wanted a retreat far from Munich, the Bavarian capital some 100 kilometres away. Many people may not know his story, but they do have a feeling they have already seen the castle somewhere else. Please see Neuschwanstein on page 9


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Volkstrauertag, Remembrance Day in Germany by

Francine McKenna, Staff Columnist Volkstrauertag, People's Day of Mourning, is a German National Day of Mourning held in November that commemorates those from all countries, military and civilian, who have died either in or as a result of armed conflicts. Or as victims of violent oppression and tyranny separate from a war situation.

Volkstrauertag in today's Germany represents all victims of violence and tyranny, whether they were members of the military or civilians. Both those who have died and those left to mourn, from the old battlefields of Europe to the armed conflicts and struggles that continue to take place in the present-day world. And it includes those left to mourn. First held in its current form in November 1952, on the second from last Sunday before Advent, it's the end of the ecclesiastical year and a part of the period in Germany that by tradition concentrates on thoughts of death, time and eternity, known as "Stillen Tagen". Quiet Days. During World War I the lives of 2,050,00 German soldiers were lost, and following the Armistice on 11th November 1918 plans for a day of remembrance for their lives, and solidarity with the families they had left behind, were initiated in 1919 by groups who cared for the war graves and who named it Volkstrauertag. The first official day was held in the Reichstag,the lower

house of the the German parliament, in 1922 but in 1926 the decision was made to observe it regularly. As the Catholic Church already celebrated All Souls Day on November 2nd as their day for remembering the dead, and the Protestant Church Totensonntag, Sunday of the Dead, also known as Eternity Sunday, Ewigkeitsonntag, on the Sunday before Advent, it was decided Volkstrauertag should be held on the second Sunday of Lent, in either February or March, depending on where it fell that year.

Versoehnung ueber den Graebern - Arbeit fuer den Frieden Reconciliation over Graves - Work for Peace As this was during Passiontide it met the approval of both church communities. However in 1934 "People's Day of Mourning" was renamed Heldengedenktag, basically "Heroes Remembrance Day", by the Nazis under the Reich's Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels, and turned from a day of mourning and solidarity to one of celebration. It continued to be held in this form until a few weeks before the end of WWII in 1945. Reintroduced to Germany on a national level in 1950, and reverting to its original description of Volkstrauertag, it was Please see Volkstrauertag on page 11


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Volkstrauertag from page 10 observed as it had been; remembering Germans who had fallen and their families. Over 5 million Germans died during World War II. Three and a half million soldiers and one million six hundred thousand civilians. And the West German government was aware that it was through actions brought about by the Reich, that tens of millions of civilians and soldiers belonging to countries with which Germany had been at war had also died. In addition millions in the Holocaust. New concepts began to be introduced in 1952. No longer held only in remembrance of Germany's dead and bereaved, it became a commemoration of the loss of life from all nations. Regardless of whether they were members of their country's armed forces or not, but those who had died either in or as a result of armed conflict or because of violent oppression. And recognition of the families they left behind. At the same time, having already returned to being known as Volkstrauertag, to further differentiate the day from the Nazi's "Heldengedenktag" the date was moved to the second Sunday before Advent, mid-November, to join Germany's traditional "Stillen Tagen".

Neuschwanstein from page 7 Faryn Tate, of Los Angeles, buying her ticket, says: "I am here because I'm a Disney fan." She loves the LA Disneyland theme park created by the company of late US cartoonist Walt Disney. "I know the castle from the park and now I want to see the one that inspired it."  Castle grounds administrator Katharina Schmidt says that some Americans have a problem telling the original from the imitation. "They come here and say, 'They have copied this from Disney'. And then we say, 'No, it was Walt Disney who came here and used Neuschwanstein as his model'," she notes with a smile. Numerically speaking, the largest group of foreigners to visit the fairytale castle are the Chinese, relegating the Japanese, formerly the leaders to second place. "I specially came here to see it. This is world famous," says Jiangchuan He, a 16-year-old from a town near Shanghai. "I believe that most Chinese know it. To us, it is a symbol of Europe." After the imposing exterior, it can be a surprise that the interior is not all that extensive. In fact, there aren't all that many rooms to see, as King Ludwig never really finished it. The Bavarian government, alarmed at the ruinous costs of the king's castle projects - he built several others besides Neuschwanstein - had him officially declared as insane before he could spend further money. With so few rooms, each tour group can be herded through in about half an hour - no small factor considering the huge


The German Chancellor, cabinet and diplomatic corps attend an official Volkstrauertag ceremony at the Bundestag in Berlin where Germany's President makes a traditional speech. Speeches and a cultural program are followed by a song that for the German Armed Forces has an important ceremonial role, and is a part of any military funeral; "Ich hatt' einen Kameraden". "I once had a comrade", the last salute to a fallen soldier. It precedes Germany's National Anthem that officially closes the ceremony. This song is heard at ceremonies held in cities, towns and villages throughout the country, where there are church processions to the local war memorial, prayers from the clergy together with speeches by veterans, officials and dignitaries, a guard of honor and the laying of wreaths. Accompanied if possible by an officer from the Bundeswehr, the German Armed Forces, as an official representative. Volkstrauertag in today's Germany represents all victims of violence and tyranny, whether they were members of the military or civilians. Both those who have died and those left to mourn, from the old battlefields of Europe to the armed conflicts and struggles that continue to take place in the present-day world. crowds outside still waiting to get in. But, the few rooms that there are, are simply spectacular. The Americans are so impressed that they are actually whispering in reverence. No loud exclamations, no violation of the prohibition against photographs. Now and then, an exhalation of "Wow!" Entering the king's sleeping chamber, one woman can't help exclaim, "Take a look at that - that's what I would call a room for a princess!" Another woman in the group sighs and says wistfully, "Who wouldn't want to live here?" Travel guide Gilles Chavet, 54, is from Paris. He is asked whether he doesn't think Neuschwanstein to be a bit vulgar. "Kitschy? - No!" says emphatically. "It is exotic, extravagant, exaggerated. "We have nothing like this in France, where everything is severely classical. This here is wild fantasy." Strangely enough, the only ones who don't get ecstatic are the Germans. "You come here just so you can say you've seen it," says Indra Groenke, 45, from near the northern city of Bremen. She is here with her husband and two daughters, 13 and 11 years old. What Neuschwanstein is for visitors, for Germans would be some far-away inimitable landmark - the Empire State Building in New York or the Taj Mahal in India. Castle administrator Schmidt is now back in her office, in the bower, or private chamber. "It's the prettiest workplace in Germany," she says. Schmidt explains that Neuschwanstein is less a place and more a state of mind: "The key to understanding the worldwide fascination has to do with fairy tales. Every child grows up with a certain vision of a royal castle. And this place is it.”


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Medicine, Monopoly, and the Premodern State — Early Clinical Trials EDITOR'S NOTE RONALD KABITZKE The Massachusetts Medical Society has graciously allowed us to print this article in our DANK German American Journal. This article first appeared in their publication, the New England Journal of Medicine. Please do not make copies of this article By Alisha Rankin, Ph.D., and Justin Rivest, Ph.D. Clinical trials are such an integral part of contemporary medicine that we tend to think of them as products of our own modern age. Yet more than 400 years ago, clinical trials already played a substantial role in mediating the relationships among the state, the drug market, and consumers. An examination of the use of clinical trials as a tool for the marketing and licensing of drugs in Europe from the 16th through the 18th centuries reveals a surprising history of governmental involvement in the certification of promising therapeutics. Most drugs sold in early modern European pharmacies did not undergo rigorous testing. But medicaments sold outside of pharmacies by unlicensed “empirics” — who sometimes received official permission to sell a particular drug — required greater scrutiny. By the 1500s, Spain and Italy had wellestablished processes whereby empirics could obtain special drug licenses. Although other regions took longer to establish official practices, trials became an important tool in obtaining government support. In 1580, for example, a miner named Andreas Berthold (d. 1610) traveled around Germany to advertise a wonder drug and poison antidote called Silesian terra sigillata, made from a special clay that was dug from hills outside the town of Striga (now Strzegom, Poland) and processed into small tablets (see images). Like many antidotes, it was

Silesian Terra Sigillata touted as a panacea, effective against every type of poison as well as several diseases, including plague. Striga’s town physician, Johannes Montanus (1531–1604), had allegedly discovered the drug, but Berthold became its main salesman and public spokesman. Rather than simply making claims regarding the drug’s efficacy, he invited authorities to test it themselves. In three prominent cases, physicians, princes, and town leaders conducted trials involving poisoned test subjects. The mayor of Jülich, Germany, staged a small trial in which he gave one dog a strong dose of poison followed by the antidote and another dog the poison alone. The first dog lived; the second died. Wilhelm IV, prince of HesseKassel (1532–1592), had his physicians conduct a similar trial of Berthold’s drug in eight dogs, using four different poisons. Only half the dogs received the antidote, and they all survived. The

other dogs died in great agony — except for one, which recovered after the prince took pity on it and offered a half dose of the drug. After these resounding successes, another prince, Wolfgang II of Hohenlohe (1546–1610), had his physicians test Silesian terra sigillata on a condemned criminal in 1581, to see if it “works on humans as well as it works on animals.” The prisoner survived, providing further evidence of efficacy. All three rulers provided Berthold with official testimonials about the trials, signed and sealed, confirming the drug’s success. Berthold appended these letters to a book he published on the virtues of the drug, which was translated into English in 1587.1,2 Although they were not licenses, the official approvals of these respected political leaders boosted Berthold’s fame and the reputation of Silesian terra sigillata, which was eventually sold in pharmacies from Nuremberg to London. Yet Berthold lost his ability to market the drug in the late 1580s, after Emperor Rudolf II gave the town of Striga exclusive license to sell it and Montanus discredited Berthold in published works. The trials had thus contributed to the creation of a monopoly, but not the one Berthold had intended.3 Poison-antidote trials provide some of the most dramatic examples of a broader trend in medical knowledge and the regulation of drug markets. Beginning in the late 1600s, the Bourbon kings of France regularly granted monopoly privileges to the inventors of new pharmaceutical preparations. Many applicants submitted their “secret remedies” to the king’s personal physician or other royal practitioners for approval, sometimes including evidence from hospital trials. If successful, the applicant could receive royal “letters patent” or “brevets” that provided for a legal monopoly throughout the kingPlease see Trials on page 11


Trials from page 10 dom of France and imposed substantial fines for counterfeiters. Good connections at Versailles were often a critical asset in securing a monopoly. In a premodern parallel to concerns over collusion between political elites and today’s pharmaceutical industry, one royal physician, Claude Jean-Baptiste Dodart (1664–1730), felt pressured to recommend privileges for the medical favorites of powerful officials and members of the royal family. In 1728, Dodart decided to share the responsibility of evaluating new drugs with an expert committee of physicians, surgeons, and apothecaries. The committee was tasked with assessing whether drugs were truly novel, and it screened for thinly disguised variants of drugs already in the “public domain” of the pharmacopoeias (the “me-too” drugs of the 18th century). Dodart’s reforms did not last long, however. One of his successors, the royal physician Jean-Baptiste Sénac (1693–1770), was widely believed to approve drugs in exchange for money, regardless of the opinions of the commissioners.4 The testing of drugs to support the granting of monopoly privileges was sometimes closely linked to military procurement. State officials recognized that diseases — typhus, typhoid fever, malaria, and dysentery — often killed more soldiers and sailors than did actual combat, and they looked to civilian contractors to supply them with critical drugs. Among the most famous drugs to be tested for both monopoly privilege and military use in 17th-century France was the dysentery remedy of the Dutch-born physician Adrien Helvétius (1662–1727). The drug’s principal ingredient was ground ipecacuanha root (ipecac) from Brazil. It was prepared using Helvétius’s secret technique to moderate its powerful emetic properties so that it would pass into the digestive tract, where its “specific virtue” could act against dysentery. To guarantee the efficacy of the drug, Louis XIV’s naval secretary ordered

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Helvétius to undertake trials in Parisian hospitals under the supervision of two practitioners from the royal household. The hospitals were not necessarily interested in cooperating with ambitious medical entrepreneurs, however, and Helvétius faced resistance from the spiritual director and nursing sisters when he tried to remove four men from the Hôtel-Dieu in order to isolate and better supervise the trial at a private residence. He turned to his royal patrons to expedite matters, and they ordered the hospital to accede to the king’s wishes and comply with Helvétius. The trial was successful, and in 1688 Helvétius was granted a legal monopoly over the production and sale of his drug.5 Similar military-led efforts were undertaken in the Holy Roman Empire, and the English navy famously tested remedies for scurvy in the 18th century. Research has demonstrated that successful trials — supervised by practitioners close to the monarch and conducted in animals as well as in human patients — furnished critical evidence for officials who granted pharmaceutical monopolies between 1500 and 1800. The application and testing processes remained enmeshed, however, in the overarching structures of patronage and power that governed early modern states. Today, our understanding of pharmaceutical intellectual property tends to start with the patent as conceived from the 1790s onward. Before that point, monopolies on a given drug’s sale were granted as a gift from the monarch rather than being a right of the entrepreneur. By the end of the Enlightenment, new liberal notions of intellectual property would redefine citizen-inventors’ ability to profit by their inventions as a right rather than a privilege. Such new beliefs would also demand public disclosure of knowledge, time limits on monopolies, and their management through government patent offices. But the older, absolutist form of intellectual property had already mobilized pharmaceutical trials in relation to statesanctioned monopolies.


DANK Chapter Listing ARIZONA Phoenix ILLINOIS Chicago Chicago South Chicago West Fox Valley Lake County Northern Suburbs Peoria Springfield INDIANA Indianapolis LaFayette South Bend MICHIGAN Benton Harbor Great Lakes Bay Region OHIO Cleveland PENNSYLVANIA Erie Philadelphia Pittsburgh WASHINGTON DC Washington DC WISCONSIN Milwaukee


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Regensburg – die alt-neue Stadt

Regensburg – the old-new city

In der „Meine Stadt“ verraten Rathaus-Chefs ihre Geheimtipps. Teil 34: Bürgermeister Joachim Wolbergs aus Regensburg

Mayors reveal their insider tips in the series “My city”. Part 34: Mayor Joachim Wolbergs from Regensburg

Herr Wolbergs, was ist das Besondere an Ihrer Stadt? Sie werden sich vielleicht wundern, wenn ich als Antwort auf diese Frage einen Mönch zitiere, der bereits im 11. Jahrhundert gelebt hat. Der Mönch Otloh von St. Emmeram, einem bedeutenden Regensburger Kloster, hat als Besonderheit unserer Stadt hervorgehoben, sie sei „alt und neu zugleich“. Und genau das ist es, was Regensburg so besonders macht. Unsere Altstadt ist vor genau zehn Jahren, im Juli 2006, von der UNESCO für ihre einzigartige und wunderbar erhaltene historische Bausubstanz mit dem Welterbetitel geadelt worden. Dort stößt man auf Schritt und Tritt auf die Spuren der Römer. Die Porta Praetoria, neben der größeren Porta Nigra in Trier, die einzige erhaltene römische Toranlage nördlich der Alpen, ist Teil des documents „Legionslagermauer“. Die Patrizierburgen mit ihren gewaltigen Geschlechtertürmen, eine Machtdemonstration des Mittelalters, die Steinerne Brücke, älteste Steinbrücke in Deutschland, und der Dom St. Peter gelten allesamt als bedeutende Beispiele der gotischen Baukunst. Diese Fülle an Sehenswürdigkeiten würde Regensburg schon zu etwas ganz Besonderem machen. Aber das ist es nicht allein. Denn unsere Stadt ist mitnichten ein Museum. Regensburg ist eine pulsierende Stadt, die nicht zu Unrecht als „nördlichste Stadt Italiens“ bezeichnet wird. Die Menschen kommen aus allen Regionen der Republik, aber auch aus aller Welt hierher - natürlich um zu sehen und zu staunen - aber auch, um hier zu lernen, zu studieren, zu arbeiten und hier dauerhaft Wurzeln zu schlagen. Das ist der Grund dafür, dass Regensburg - anders als viele andere Städte vergleichbarer Größe - weiter wächst. Und wen es aus unserer Stadt irgendwo anderswohin verschlagen hat, der möchte in den meisten Fällen nichts lieber, als wieder zurückzukommen. Was sehen Sie, wenn Sie aus Ihrem Bürofenster schauen? Mein Büro liegt im barocken Teil des Alten Rathauses. Wenn ich aus dem Fenster schaue, dann sehe ich auf den Rathausplatz hinunter, auf dem vor allem in den Sommermonaten unzählige Touristengruppen stehen und in allen möglichen Sprachen Aufschluss über unsere reiche Geschichte erhalten. Ich höre die begeisterten Rufe und sehe, wie die meisten einen Fotoapparat oder ihre Handykamera zücken. Ich sehe aber auch die Regensburgerinnen und Regensburger durch die Stadt flanieren, gleich gegenüber in einem der Straßencafés einen Cappuccino trinken oder vollbepackt mit Einkaufstüten von Geschäft zu Geschäft schlendern. Wenn ich all das sehe, dann merke ich: Den meisten Menschen in unserer Stadt geht es richtig gut! An welchem Ort in Ihrer Stadt halten Sie sich am liebsten auf? Diese Frage ist unglaublich schwer zu beantworten. Da gibt es so viele Ecken und Flecken, die einfach bezaubernd sind. Ich kann nur jeden einladen, der Regensburg noch nicht kennt,

Mayor Wolbergs, what is special about your city? You may be surprised by my response, because I’m going to quote an eleventh century monk. The Benedictine monk Otloh of St. Emmeram, one of Regensburg’s most famous monasteries, once said that our city is notable because it’s “both old and new at the same time”. And that’s precisely what makes Regensburg so special. Ten years ago, in July 2006, UNESCO made our Old Town a World Heritage site honouring its unique and beautifully preserved historical buildings. Wherever you turn you will come across traces of the Romans. With the exception of the larger Porta Nigra in Trier, the Porta Praetoria is the only surviving Roman gate complex north of the Alps, and it is included in the “Legionslagermauer” document that describes the fortifications. The representative patricians’ residences with their huge dynastic tower houses are medieval demonstrations of power and competition; the Stone Bridge, the oldest of its kind in Germany, and St Peter’s Cathedral, these are all important examples of Gothic ARCHITECTURE. They are some of the treasures worth seeing, and they would make Regesburg very special on their own. But there’s more than this, because our city is by no means a museum. Regensburg is a vibrant city and is quite rightly nicknamed the “northernmost Italian city”. People come from all regions in the republic, and from around the world, not only to look and marvel, but also to learn, study, work and put down permanent roots. That’s why our city, unlike many others of a similar size, is continuing to grow. And most of the people from our city who have moved away for some reason, usually want to return again at some point in their lives. What do you see when you look out of your office window? My office is located in the baroque section of the Old Town Hall. From my window I can look down at the town hall square below where, especially in the summer months, innumerable tourists gather to hear about our rich history in a multitude of languages. I hear their cries of amazement and watch as most of them take out their cameras or smartphones for a photo. But I can also see the people of Regensburg as they stroll through the city, drink a coffee in one of the street cafés on the square or enjoy themselves on a shopping spree. When I see all of this I realize that most of the people in our city are really doing fine! Where in your city do you most like to spend your time? That’s incredibly difficult to answer. There are so many enchanting niches and attractive places to choose from. All I can do is invite everyone who hasn’t been to Regensburg before to come and take a look around. For people who prefer tranquillity we have innumerable parks and green areas. On the banks

Please see Regensburg on page 13

Please see Regensburg on page 13


German - American Journal


Regensburg from page 12

Regensburg from page 12

sich in unserer Stadt mal umzuschauen. Für Menschen, die die Ruhe schätzen, haben wir unzählige Parks und Grünflächen zu bieten. Am Donauufer beispielsweise kann man die berühmten Strudel beobachten, die sogar im Volkslied schon besungen worden sind. Und die Biergärten, von denen es in Regensburg viele gibt, bieten gerade im Sommer eine gemütliche Atmosphäre und zünftige Brotzeiten. Wenn man es lieber ein bisschen trubeliger mag, dann findet man aber auch in der Altstadt eine Vielzahl an Möglichkeiten, es sich gemütlich zu machen. Im Moment sorgen wir zum Beispiel dafür, dass unterschiedliche Sitzgelegenheiten zum Verweilen in der Altstadt einladen. Mein ganz persönlicher Favorit ist das Restaurant Orphée in der Unteren Bachgasse, ein echter Klassiker in Regensburg! Da sitze ich gerne, wenn ich mal ein bisschen ausspannen will und beobachte die Menschen. Und da komme ich auch immer wieder mit vielen Einheimischen und Gästen ins Gespräch. Welche Persönlichkeit Ihrer Stadt schätzen Sie am meisten? Es sind nicht unbedingt die bekannten Persönlichkeiten, die mich am meisten beeindrucken. Da gäbe es natürlich auch viele zu nennen. Von Albrecht Altdorfer über Johannes Kepler bis zu Papst Benedikt XVI. Ihre Leistungen für Regensburg und für die gesamte Menschheit sind unbestritten. Aber ich persönlich habe am meisten die ganz normalen Menschen in unserer Stadt zu schätzen gelernt. Denn genau die sind es, die Regensburg zu dem machen, was es ist. Stellvertretend möchte ich da die Hausfrau nennen, die bei einer Hochwasserkatastrophe unermüdlich Kaffee brüht und Semmeln schmiert, um die Männer und Frauen von Feuerwehr und THW bei Kräften zu halten. Oder die Studentinnen und Studenten, die sich in ihrer FREIZEIT darum kümmern, dass Flüchtlinge bei uns eine neue Heimat finden. Oder die unzähligen Freiwilligen, die sich in gemeinnützigen Organisationen für das Wohl anderer engagieren, ohne nach Lohn oder Anerkennung zu fragen. Sie alle sind das Gesicht unserer Stadt und darauf bin ich unglaublich stolz! Welchen Ort würden Sie Touristen gerne zeigen? Wer Regensburg richtig kennenlernen will, der muss sich natürlich auf jeden Fall mitten ins Getümmel de Altstadt mit ihren weiten Plätzen und verwinkelten Gassen und Gässchen stürzen. Aber es lohnt auch ein Blick von oben auf unsere Stadt. Dann kann man entweder auf den Turm der Dreieinigkeitskirche in der Gesandtenstraße steigen und einen wunderbaren Rundblick genießen oder man nimmt sich die Zeit und macht einen Ausflug auf die Winzerer Höhen, die im Norden jenseits der Donau - unsere Stadt einrahmen. Dort oben kann man wunderbar spazieren gehen und immer wieder eröffnen sich fantastische Ausblicke auf die gesamte Stadt. Wo kann man die Menschen Ihrer Stadt am besten kennenlernen? Ganz einfach Kontakte knüpfen kann man auf den verschiedenen Wochenmärkten. Der größte ist der Markt auf dem Alten Kornmarkt. Er findet immer am Samstag von ganz in der Frühe bis mittags statt. Dort kann man eine große

of the Danube, for instance, you can watch the swirling waters that have even been eternalized in an old folk song. And especially in summer, the many beer gardens offer a wonderful atmosphere in pleasant surroundings with hearty snacks. If you prefer more lively surroundings, the Old Town has a wealth of opportunities to find a cosy setting. And at the moment we’re installing different kinds of seating opportunities for people to simply relax and enjoy watching daily life in the Old Town. My personal favourite is the Restaurant Orphée in Untere Bachgasse. It’s a true classic in Regensburg! I like to sit there when I need some relaxation and simply watch the people going by. But it’s also a place where I enjoy chatting with locals and guests. Which of your city’s personalities do you value most? It’s not necessarily the famous people who impress me most, although there are a lot of those, of course. They range from Albrecht Altdorfer to Johannes Kepler and Pope Benedict XVI. Their achievements for Regensburg and for humanity are indisputable. But personally I have learned to appreciate the completely normal people in our city. After all, it is them who make Regensburg into what it is. Here are just a few examples of what I mean: during the flood disaster, there was a housewife who tirelessly brewed coffee and made sandwiches for the men and women of the fire brigade and the THW technical relief teams. Then there are the STUDENTS who, in their spare time, are helping refugees to find a new home here with us. And there are the many dedicated volunteers working with charities for the wellbeing of others without asking for any rewards or recognition. They all shape the face of our city, and it makes me feel incredibly proud! What would you like to show tourists? If you really want to get to know Regensburg, you definitely have to experience the bustling Old Town with its wide open squares and narrow winding alleys and streets. But it’s also worth taking a look at our city from above. You can climb up the tower of the Church of the Holy Trinity in Gesandtenstrasse for a wonderful panoramic view, or if you have time you can go on an outing to the Winzerer Höhen, the hills to the north of our city on the opposite side of the Danube. The area is wonderful for rambling with lots of fantastic views opening up over the entire city as you go. Where can visitors best get to know the people of your city? It’s really easy to meet people at the various weekly markets. The biggest market is the Farmers Market on the Alter Kornmarkt. It takes place every Saturday from very early in the morning until lunchtime. It offers a huge variety of local produce, and it’s easy to strike up a conversation with the different market vendors and the other customers. And where do you most like to spend your vacations? After everything I’ve told you, you will hardly be surprised when I say: in Regensburg. It’s true! It’s partly because I feel happiest when I am able to work. That’s why I like

Please see Regensburg on page 27

Please see Regensburg on page 27

German - American Journal



The Germans who are fleeing Merkel's refugee policies - for Hungary By Friederike Heine, dpa A growing number of Germans critical of Merkel's open-door refugee policies are seeking refugee in Hungary - a country that has built a razor-wire fence to keep out mostly Muslim migrants, citing the need to protect Europe's Christian civilization. Berlin (dpa) - Jennifer and Valentin Duraeder, a young German couple from rural Bavaria, are house-hunting in Hungary. Their motivation: to escape a country that has vowed to keep its borders open to mostly Muslim refugees. "They get accommodation, they get food for free - the money is basically being handed to them and we Germans have to tighten our belts," says Jennifer Duraeder after viewing a small farmhouse near Hungary's picturesque Lake Balaton. The couple is part of a "surge" of Germans seeking refuge in Hungary, almost one year after Chancellor Angela's Merkel promise of sanctuary to those fleeing war brought hundreds of thousands of mostly Muslim migrants to Germany, according to public broadcaster ZDF. "These people are fed up of Germany. They want to leave. 'It is getting continually worse,' they tell me," Ottmar Heyde, the couple's real estate agent, tells the broadcaster, adding that eight out of 10 requests he gets are from Germans critical of the influx. Heyde says many of his clients welcome the stance of Hungarian Prime Minister Victor Orban, who has been very clear about his country's unwillingness to take in refugees. Orban's governing right-wing Fidesz party has built a razor-wire fence on Hungary's border with Serbia to keep out mostly Muslim migrants from countries including Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan, citing the need to protect Europe's Christian civilization. "The clients feel better here - calmer. They welcome Orban's politics, his fence, and his statement that he cannot feed his own people and therefore can-

not take in refugees," says Heyde. German broadcasters ZDF and Bayerischer Rundfunk cite comments from "various" real estate agents operating in the Lake Balaton region as evidence of what they call a "new phenomenon," but there are no statistics yet to support their assertion. Pensioners Doris and Georg Kirsch were interviewed by BR shortly after signing the paperwork for their purchase of a house in a village south of Lake Balaton in May. "What you see on TV is a couple of families and then these masses of young men," Georg Kirsch told the broadcaster, referring to footage of migrants arriving in Austria and Germany after travelling along the Western Balkan route. "The proportion of Muslims here is just very low, 1 or 2 per cent," he said. But the dearth of Muslims is not the only thing that is attracting Germans to western Hungary, which was part of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich until the end of World War II. Good weather, cheap house prices and a large German community add to the appeal. Though about a quarter of a million ethnic Germans were forced to leave Hungary after the end of World War II, its German population was not subjected to the brutal persecution suffered by their counterparts in Poland, Czechoslovakia and the former Yugoslavia. Many ethnic Germans opted for Hungarian citizenship during and after the war, making it hard to estimate their number in modern Hungary. According to the Hungarian Statistical Office, over 62,000 people in the country declared they were German in 2001, while over 88,000 said they had an affinity with German cultural values and traditions. Michael Mueller, a supporter of Germany's right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD), told BR that he is considering a permanent move to Hungary because in his home town, "you'd be hard-pressed to hear one grammatically correct German sentence spoken."

"For me that's an indication that even the small towns are being infiltrated by foreigners," said Mueller. The AfD - currently polling at 12 per cent, meaning it will easily clear the hurdle to enter parliament in next year's general election - has used a similar phrase to describe the refugee influx, which it says has created a national security problem. Its leaders say that Germany is at risk of "foreign infiltration" and "Islamification," and that "Islam does not belong to Germany." Simone Luther, a German woman who moved to Lake Balaton earlier this year, shares these fears. "We don't know who these people are," she told BR. "I don't want to do anyone an injustice, but it is foreign and there is a sense of panic about what is yet to come ... when they start building mosques."

German museum offers glimpse back in time with 4,000-year-old mummy Hanover, Germany (dpa) - Visitors to a museum in northern Germany will soon be able to look 4,000 years back in time when they come face-to-face with Idu II, an Egyptian mummy from the Old Kingdom. By making a life-size version of Idu's head, "we're going back 4,000 years. You can look a person in the face," said egyptologist Oliver Gauert on Friday while presenting the foam version of the head at a university research lab in the German city of Hildesheim. The re-created head of Idu II, who was a governor of a province in Upper Egypt, must first be worked on and painted before it will be ready for the Roemer- and Pelizaeus Museum in Hildesheim. However, museum visitors can still see a digital reconstruction of his face as part of an exhibition that runs until the end of August.


German - American Journal

Chapter Chatter


DANK Milwaukee in action at German Fest

German - American Journal



Chapter Chatter A Perfect Picnic! for DANK Lake County, IL Chapter

Balloon Toss Winners, from left, Ronald and Reiner Friedmann, Pat and Fred Bode Ursula Hoeft DANK Chapter Lake County, IL Our Chapter's annual picnic was held on July 17 this year. Getting up that morning we were greeted by clouds and the remnants of a storm that had raged for most of the night. The sky still looked ominous and threatening. We were concerned that our picnic might have to be cancelled. But, to our relief, the weather soon cleared up, the sun came out, and a record number of folks came to Van Pat-

ton Woods in Wadsworth, IL to picnic with us at Karl Schmidt, Honorary Chapter President, once again made sure that everything was well organized. Victor Kordas and his family and friends barbequed delicious chicken and sausages for us like they have done every year for as long as I can remember. A plentiful assortment of side dishes and desserts, many of them made by Chapter members, completed the feast. Some of us also enjoyed an adult beverage or two, courtesy of Joyce and Richard Bookie and Patti and Reinhard Hudak – thank you! And we all basked in the German gemütlichkeit that's always "on the menu" at our picnics. Competition in our traditional water balloon toss was fierce again this year! First place winners were Reiner Friedmann and his son Ronald; Pat and Fred Bode were a close second. Congratulations to both teams! Ava and Gwennie Young assisted their Urgrosseltern, Finni and Karl Schmidt, with the bingo game. The girls have "years of experience under their belts" and they sounded like pros an-

From Left: Judy Kanka, Gwennie and Ava Young nouncing the numbers! We missed long-time Chapter member, our beloved button box player Erwin Goering who had passed away on July 11. Erwin's music was a wonderful addition to many of our Chapter's events. Plans are being finalized for our Chapter's Volkstrauertag observance, this year on November 13. We will again observe the People's Day of Mourning at the Fort Sheridan, Illinois, Military Cemetery where nine German prisoners of war are buried. The ceremony will begin at 1:30 in the afternoon. The public is invited.

DANK Chicago South End of Summer 2016 Events Hot things have been happening at DANK South to end the summer of 2016 activities. First of all, on Saturday August 27th we hosted our annual Alpine Festival. This was a sold out event!! People danced away under the stars in the Bier Garten

to the music of the well known Johnny Wagner Band. We had vendors selling their crafts with a “German flare” such as jewelry, hand knitted doll Trachten clothes, Hummels, glassware &

other gift items. The grill was fired up cooking Leberkäse, foot long wieners, and Bratwurst dinners and for Mehlspeis/desserts were Apfelkuchen and Schwarzwalderkicrhtorte. Lecker, Lecker!!1 We were pleased to have various clubs sponsoring us like DANK Fox Valley, Rheinischer Gesangverein, Jolly Burgenländers, a bus group from Peace Memorial Retirement Village , Chicago Maifest Königen (Queen) Katy Stern, and of course all our members and their friends. It was wonderful to welcome so many 1st time guests and have them experience the German American Heritage Center Gemütlichkeit. An extended Danke Schön is sent to all our members who volunteered their time & energy to make such a successful event. On Thursday September 1, was the kick off the Frankfort Fall Festival. Our chapter supported the Frankfort Lions’ Club by having a DANK information booth at their Wurst Fest. Vice-President, John Stern built a Chalet style booth; Please see Chicago South on page 18


German - American Journal

Chapter Chatter


Great Lakes Bay Region had a busy summer with many festivals and events hosted in their hometown of Bay City, Michigan Great Lakes Bay Region Chapter #78 has had a busy summer with the many festivals and events hosted in their hometown of Bay City, Michigan. The highlight of the summer of 2016 was Tall Ships Celebration, which brought 12 tall sailing ships into the port. The festival was located inside the vibrant riverfront parks along both sides of the river which runs through the city

Learning the art of sausage making at the Stein House in Bay City center. These ships hailed from around the world, including a replica Viking ship, the Draken, which sailed from Norway and a majestic Spanish Galeon. Included in the festivities was the International Maritime Music Festival which brought some of the best shanty musicians from around the world. Musicians arrived from Poland, Finland, the Netherlands, Great Britain and the Midwest to delight the tens of thousands of visitors to the festival. The musicians gathered at Stein Haus with the DANK members prior to the start of the festival for a “Meet and Greet” to welcome them to Bay City. The local chapter of DANK members made the most of the opportunity to promote the club and enjoyed the camaraderie combined with a learning experience for many club members. On Tuesday, July 12, just prior to the Tall Ship Celebration getting underway, the club

gathered in the kitchen of Stein Haus, their meeting place, under the guidance of member Donald Gaeth, to learn the art of sausage making. Don is an avid boutique farmer and lover of German culture and tradition. He practices the art of sausage making acquired over a lifetime of interest in his craft and family tradition. With the assistance of another of Don’s family member Jim Sting, the members produced 100 lbs of bratwurst, including some cheese and some jalapeno delights. Members witnessed and learned the process from cutting the meat, grinding it into bulk sausage, to seasoning and stuffing it into the natural casings. All participants agreed that this was a day well-spent. On Thursday, July 14, the Tall Ships gradually arrived into port, initiating the festivities. The “Welcome the Ships” Starbridge Street Party was held on Third Street adjacent to the club’s meeting place at Stein Haus with music, games and fun for all. The DANK Club held a bratwurst cookout and sale with the sausage that had been made onsite. The participating members agreed this was both a fun and a worthwhile activity since it added funds to the treasury from the sale of the brats. Great Lakes Bay Region Chapter #78 made the most of a beautiful end of summer evening by moving the regular monthly meeting outdoors. The biergarten of Stein Haus proved to be the perfect setting for the meeting, which was moved forward a week due to the Labor Day holiday. Members enjoyed a visit from Daniel Paul, of Flint, who was a past president of a DANK chapter in Phoenix, AZ and also of a Flint, MI chapter which is no longer an active chapter. Mr Paul, who was born in Poland and later from Germany, gave a presentation including a little bit of his personal history of his journey to the United States. He had much to share given that he is

nearing the young at heart age of 90 years. During his presentation, Mr Paul spoke of the importance of working together to keep our chapter vibrant and strong. He proved to be a enthusiastic cheerleader for the DANK organization. Mr Paul made a donation to the club of a beautiful Trochten suit that he owned. A

Former DANK Chapter Phoenix president Daniel Paul chats with the crowd about his experience immigrating to the United States discussion was held regarding using the suit as a fundraising raffle item in the future. Mr Paul previously had learned of our club forming and sent several other nice items. A particularly nice item was a huge German flag, which was used at the DANK Convention held in Bay City in October 2015 and a DANK license plate, which was used on our St Patrick’s Day Parade float. Following the presentation the members enjoyed brews and double smoked liver sausage with crackers and onions while visiting with Mr Paul. He remains enthusiastic about life and happy to visit and share with group. The decision to move the meeting outdoors proved to be a popular choice. Hopefully the club will have another opportunity to enjoy this area of our meeting place.


German - American Journal


Chapter Chatter Erie’s German Heritage Fest Celebrated 20 years!

Beverly Pochatko DANK Chapter 71 – Erie’s German Heritage Society It’s hard to believe that since our first attempt at bringing our German heritage to our community would grow from 285 guests in 1996 to approximately 6,500 in 2016! What a fantastic ride. We have weathered heavy rain (during Hurricane Katrina), several scattered torrential rains and wind, temperatures in the mid-90s and….having access to the fest blocked so that then Presidential candidate George Bush’s motorcade could arrive for a rally (3 hours out of

the afternoon). The main thing, as true to our heritage, we survived! This year, thanks to our 26 volunteers comprised of members, family and friends, (and ‘Mother Nature’) it went off like clockwork. The Gannon University Travel Club, the Erie Rugby Club and members of the Lake Erie Fan Fare were also a part of our success. As a recipient of many accolades, some of the best compliments were reported in our local news media. From the setting among trees on the edge of the city, the food, entertainment, the beer, and the Marktplatz and the Kin-

Jeff Chase, Riland Zuschlag, Beverly Pochatko, Ray Luniewski and Fred Huttel, Jr.

Chicago South from page 16 Secretary Lorin Schab & Christine Walthier constructed an exquisite table display of DANK South event pictures, plaques, bier steins, the German Journal magazines, and membership applications. Thank you DANK National for supplying us with information to distribute at the booth. John, Lorin, Linda Wilson, and the Walthier family came in German attire to represent our chapter booth. Other club members enjoyed the evening were Charlie & Hilde Noles, Former President Joe & Inge Outermost, Art & Krista Frank and the Wolf family. Frankfort Mayor Holland thanked us as fellow chamber members for the community support. On the following Sunday, September 4th a handful of club members marched in the Labor Day Frankfort Fall festival parade. The recognition and valued participation of Pat Glavin, Kathy Kruss, Christine &

derecke, Gemütlichkeit was king! On TV and in the local newspaper, we were touted as a truly authentic German festival that is family oriented. The highest compliment received was made by Uli Schubert-Mielnik, who along with his wife Kate, daughter Enna, who recently moved from Germany and is staying in Erie. “It’s fun seeing this from the American point of view. It’s like a German Village Festival!” Future plans are to keep true to our values; it’s not about making money, but about family and the preservation of our heritage.

Festival attendees enjoy Gemütlichkeit at Erie's German Heritage Fest Anita Walthier, and Lorin Schab who walked along side John Stern which drove his Corvette convertible with daughter Katy Stern (Chicago Maifest Queen) was greatly appreciated. Hope to see you at our next function--Oktoberfest on Saturday September 17, 2016.


German - American Journal



Philanthropist and Entrepreneur to be Honored at the 30th Council of 1000 & Fundraising Gala

GAHF announces Philip F. Anschutz as the 2016 Distinguished German-American of the Year The German-American Heritage Foundation of the USA® (GAHF) is delighted to announce that Mr. Philip Fredrick Anschutz, a prominent self-made entrepreneur, a generous philanthropist, and a descendant of Volga Germans, has been selected to receive the 2016 Distinguished German-American of the Year™. The award will be presented to Mr. Anschutz at the 30th Annual Council of 1000 Award and Fundraising Gala to be held on October 26, 2016 in Washington, DC. GAHF is dedicated to preserving, educating and promoting the cultural heritage of Americans of German-speaking ancestry and to be a voice of German-Americans in cultural and public policy matters in the USA. It is a national membership organization through which Americans, proud of their German heritage and language, work together on vital issues of common concern. The award, which GAHF has bestowed since 1987, provides national recognition for outstanding leadership, contributions

and achievements by Americans of German-speaking ancestry in diverse areas of society, including business, science, politics, the arts and education. “We are most pleased to honor Mr. Anschutz as this year’s Distinguished German-American. His noted accomplishments represent the spirit of German-American entrepreneurship, but more importantly his lifetime achievements in support of the arts, culture, and transatlantic relations embody the mission of our organization.” A native of Russell, Kansas, Mr. Anschutz graduated from the University of Kansas in 1961 with a degree in business. He is owner of The Anschutz Corporation, based in Denver, Colorado. He is a governor of the National Hockey League and Major League Soccer and an executive member of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences. Mr. Anschutz is a committed philanthropist. He serves as chairman of the board of The Anschutz Foundation; is a trustee of The Kansas University Endowment Association; an emeritus trustee of The John F. Kennedy Center for the Per(All Periodicals Publications Except Requester Publications) 1. Publication Title - German American Journal forming Arts; a lifetime honorary trustee of The American 2. Publication - Number 0015-4400 3. Filing Date - September 15, 2016 Museum of Natural History, New York; and an alumnus mem4. Issue Frequency - Bi-Monthly 5. Number of Issues Published Annually - 6 ber of the Smithsonian National Board, Washington, D.C. He 6. Annual Subscription Price - $15.00 7. Mailing Address of Known Office of Publication - 4740 N. Western Ave., Suite 206, Chicago, IL has served on boards and committees of various charitable, 60625-2013 8. Mailing Address of Headquarters or General Business Office of Publisher - Same as above. civic, industry, and financial organizations. 9. Publisher - German American National Congress, 4740 N. Western Ave., Suite 206, Chicago, IL 60625-2013. It is the first time that a descendant of Volga Germans has Editor - Ronald Kabitzke, 4740 N. Western Ave., Suite 206, Chicago, IL 60625-2013. Managing Editor - Ronald Kabitzke 4740 N. Western Ave., Suite 206, Chicago, IL 60625-2013. received the Distinguished German-American of the Year 10. Owner - German American National Congress, 4740 N. Western Ave., Suite 206, Chicago, IL 60625-2013. Award™. Volga Germans are ethnic Germans who settled in 11. None 12. Tax Status - The purpose , function, and nonpprofit status of this organization and the exempt the Volga River basin in Southeastern Russia beginning in the status for federal income tax purposes: Has Not Changed During the Preceding 12 Months. 13. Publication Title - German American Journal 18th century and who maintained their German customs and 14. Issue Date for Circulation Data Below - August/September 2016 15 Extent and Nature of Circulation language throughout. Average No. No. Copies Copies Each of Single “I am thrilled to be the first Volga German descendant to Issue During Issue Pub- Prededing lished Nearreceive this prestigious award recognizing the depth of contri 12 Months est to Filing Date butions people of Germanic heritage have made to the United a. Total Number of Copies (Net press run) 2,380 2,300 b. Paid Circulation (By mail and Outside the Mail) States,” stated Mr. Anschutz. “It will be an honor to play a role 1. Mailed Outside-County Paid Subscriptions Stated on PS Form 3541 1,726 1,734 (Include distribution above nominal rate, advertiser's proof copies in advancing the work of the German American Heritage and exchange copies) 2. Mailed In-County Paid Subscriptions Stated on PS Form 3541 - 0 - -0Foundation and its mission to preserve the history of Ameri(Include paid distribution above nominal rate, advertisers proof copies, and exchange copies) cans of German ancestry who helped build our nation.” 3. Paid Distribution Outside the Mails Including Sales Through Dealers N/A N/A and Carriers, Street Vendors, Counter Sales, and Other Paid Mr. Anschutz’s grandfather, Carl Anschutz, was a Volga Distribution Outside USPS® 4. Paid Distribution by Other Classes of Mail Through the USPS - 0 - -0German who emigrated to the United States from Samara, (e.g.), First-Class Mail®) c. Total Paid Distribution [Sum of 15b (1), (2), (3) and (4)] 1,726 1,734 Russia in 1878. In America, he became a businessman and ind. Free or Nominal Rate Distribution (By Mail and Outside the Mail) 1. Free or Nominal Rate Outside-County Copies included on PS Form 3541 66 66 vestor. Mr. Anschutz’s great-grandfather, Christian Anschutz, 2. Free or Nominal Rate In-County Copies Included on PS Form 3541 - 0 - -03. Free or Nominal Rate Copies Mailed at Other Classes Through the -0-0was born in the same province in 1835. USPS (e.g.,First-Class Mail) 4. Free or Nominal Rate Distribution Outside the Mail 502 425 Mr. Anschutz joins an impressive list of previous honorees, (Carriers or other means) e. Total Free or Nominal Rate Distribution (Sum of 15d (1), (2), (3) and (4) 568 491 such as Doug Oberhelman, Chairman and CEO of Caterpillar f. Total Distribution (Sum of 15c and 15e) 2,294 2,300 g. Copies not Distributed 75 75 Inc., Helge Wehmeier, former CEO of the Bayer Corp., Bern h. Total (Sum of 15f and g) 2,369 2,300 I Percent Paid 75.24% 77.93% DeichmannPaul Volcker, former Chairman of the Federal Re(15c divided by 15f times 100) I certify that all information on this form is true and complete. I understand that anyone who serve, William Timken, Jr., former US Ambassador to Gerfurnishes false and misleading information on this form or who omits material or information requested on the form may be subject to criminal sanctions (including fines and imprisonment) many, and General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, of Desert Storm and/or civil sanctions (including civil penalties). Ronald Kabitzke fame. Editor


Merkel admits Germany made mistakes that led to refugee crisis Berlin (dpa) - German Chancellor Angela Merkel has admitted that Germany reacted too late to mounting evidence of a refugee crisis. In an interview published Wednesday by the Sueddeutsche Zeitung newspaper, Merkel said that "we Germans, too, ignored the problem for too long." "In 2004 and 2005, there were already many refugee arrivals, but we left it to Spain and others at the external borders to deal with," Merkel said. "After the many refugees we took in during the Yugoslav Wars, Germany was quite happy that it was mainly up to others to manage the issue," she added. The interview was published one year after Merkel coined the famous phrase "we can do it" in relation to the refugee crisis. Germany took in 1.1 million refugees in 2015. Many of them arrived in the wake of Merkel's promise of sanctuary to those fleeing the war in Syria. "Germany will remain Germany, with everything that is dear to us," Merkel told the newspaper.

Bavaria first German state to dictate residence of asylum seekers Berlin (dpa) - Bavaria has become the first German state to implement a new integration law whereby the government can dictate asylum seekers' place of residence for a period of three years. All asylum seekers living in the southern German state will be affected by the rule except those who are engaged in job training or have employment and are working 15 hours a week or more. "The residence assignment allows us to ensure that migrants in Bavaria live with us, not alongside us," said Emilia Mueller, social affairs minister in the state. "This way, we can avoid the creation of parallel societies, while also promoting integration across Bavaria," Mueller said.

German - American Journal

The new rule is based on an integration law that was passed by the German government in early August. It is up to the country's 16 federal states to implement it. Germany took in some 1.1 million migrants in 2015.

German unemployment holds at record low of 6.1 per cent Berlin (dpa) - German unemployment held at a record low of 6.1 per cent in August after the Federal Labour Agency reported a bigger-than-forecast fall in jobless queues last month. The numbers out of work in seasonally adjusted terms in Europe's biggest economy fell by 7,000 to 2.675 million, the Federal Labour Agency said on Wednesday. The unemployment rate remains at its lowest level since German reunification in October 1990. "The labour market as a whole has developed positively," said Labour Agency chief Frank-Juergen Weise. "Labour market demand ... remains high." In seasonally unadjusted terms, the numbers out of work rose 23,000 to 2.684 million, the labour agency said reflecting the regular summer uptick as school leavers flood onto the jobs market.

91-year-old woman fills in crossword puzzle on museum artwork Nuremberg, Germany (dpa) - A 91-year-old woman has horrified museum guards in Germany by filling in a crossword puzzle on an artwork with her pen, a spokeswoman for the Neues Museum in Nuremberg said Thursday. The pensioner had taken the call to "Insert words!" on the piece by artist Arthur Koepcke too literally and damaged the artwork, Eva Martin said. It should normally be clear to all visitors that they were not allowed to scribble on works on display, the spokeswoman added.


Chocolate dupes people into betraying passwords, experiment proves Stuttgart, Germany (dpa) - People are so easily duped into disclosing their online passwords that you don't really need to hack their computers: just offer them chocolate, a recent experiment in Europe suggests. A branch of psychology specializes in experiments where an influencer persuades people to act against their own best interests because they are scared to disobey or the influencer is an attractive person. Even curiosity or greed weaken them in the social-engineering experiments. Just how small the incentive needs to be was discovered in a study conducted by researchers at the International School of Management in Stuttgart, Germany and the University of Luxembourg, as reported in Technology Review. The experimenters pretended to be conducting a social survey and found many many users lacked awareness of the risks involved. About one third betrayed their passwords when they felt the interviewer was someone authoritative they could trust and when they felt it would be nice to give something back for getting a free bar of chocolate. The 1,208 people were randomly selected. The interviewers pretended they were studying computer security, not psychology. What the scientists really wanted to gauge, though, was the extent to which the psychological concept of reciprocity, which refers to the model of giving and taking, can be exploited to manipulate people. It turned out the most corrupting time to offer the chocolate was not at the start or end of the interview, but the moment before the subject was expected to betray it. Some 47.9 per cent gave way. The experimenters, who published the finding in Computers in Human Behavior, said they ruled out people who lied about their passwords.


German - American Journal

«Mister Bundesrepublik», Sänger und großer Visionär Als Bundespräsident suchte Walter Scheel die Nähe zum Volk. Als Vizekanzler unterschrieb er die Ostverträge. Mitten im Kalten Krieg setzte der Liberale auf Entspannungspolitik Bad Krozingen/Berlin (dpa) - Walter Scheel ist vielen als singender deutscher BUNDESPRÄSIDENT in Erinnerung «Hoch auf dem gelben Wagen» war vor gut 40 Jahren ein hochpopulärer Schlager, der ihm Gold- und Platin-Schallplatten einbrachte. Vor allem aber war er politisch ein Schwergewicht, denn er legte den Grundstein für die Deutsche Einigung. Mit dem damaligen sozialdemokratischen Bundeskanzler WILLY BRANDT richtete der Mann von den deutschen Liberalen in der sozialliberalen Koalition die deutsche Ostpolitik neu aus und initiierte so in Zeiten des Kalten Krieges eine richtungsweisende Entspannungspolitik. Nun ist der Visionär Scheel am Mittwoch im Alter von 97 Jahren im südwestdeutschen Bad Krozingen gestorben. In den 60er und 70er Jahren war er einer der populärsten und bedeutendsten deutschen Politiker – von 1969 bis 1974 war Scheel Außenminister und Vizekanzler der von Brandt geführten SPD/FDP-Regierung, von 1974 bis 1979 dann BUNDESPRÄSIDENT. Die FDP führte er als Vorsitzender von 1968 bis 1974, bis er BUNDESPRÄSIDENT wurde. Im Ausland wurde Scheel zeitweise «Mister Bundesrepublik» genannt. Walter Scheel wurde am 8. Juli 1919 in Solingen als Sohn eines Stellmachers geboren. 1946 trat er in die FDP ein. Er machte eine bemerkenswerte politische Karriere. Der gelernte Bankkaufmann und Wirtschaftsberater war fast 25 Jahre lang Abgeordneter. Im Kabinett Adenauer war er der erste Entwicklungshilfeminister der Republik. Scheel war auf dem Zenit seiner politischen Laufbahn das vierte Staatsoberhaupt der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und nach Theodor Heuss der zweite und bislang letzte FDP-Politiker in diesem Amt. Seine fünfjährige Amtszeit wurde überschattet vom Höhepunkt der Terrorwelle der Roten Armee Fraktion (RAF). Auch als BUNDESPRÄSIDENT setzte Scheel die von ihm mitinitiierte Entspannungspolitik fort: 1975 besuchte er als erstes Staatsoberhaupt der Bundesrepublik die Sowjetunion. Die Weichen hatte er Jahre zuvor gestellt. An der Seite von WILLY BRANDT setzte Scheel als Außenminister die umstrittenen Ostverträge durch und vollzog damit eine Neuausrichtung, die die Annäherung zum Ziel hatte. Damals war diese neue Ostpolitik umstritten und wurde vor allem von CDU/ CSU scharf bekämpft – heute wird sie als ein Grundstein angesehen für die DEUTSCHE EINHEIT 1990. «Willy Brandt konnte nur deshalb das Land verändern, weil er mit Walter Scheel einen kongenialen Partner hatte», sagte der heutige Außenminister FRANK-WALTER STEINMEIER. «Im Nachhinein liest sich der von mir unterzeichnete ‚Brief zur Deutschen Einheit‘ wie das Drehbuch zur Wiedervereini-


gung», erinnerte sich Scheel viele Jahre später. «1970 konnten wir das alles aber noch nicht absehen, da konnten wir alle nur Hoffnung und Vertrauen haben.» Auch BUNDESPRÄSIDENT Joachim Gauck würdigt die Ost- und Europapolitik seines verstorbenen Vorgängers. «In seinen öffentlichen Ämtern, ganz besonders als Bundespräsident, hat Ihr Mann Großes geleistet», schrieb Gauck nach Angaben des Präsidialamtes am Mittwoch Walter Scheel an Scheels Witwe Barbara. «Die Einigung Europas voranzutreiben, lag ihm besonders am Herzen.» Früh habe er die Bedeutung einer europäischen Integrationspolitik für Deutschland erkannt.

Former West German president Walter Scheel dies Former West German president and leading politician of the 60s and 70s dies after a long illness BERLIN (dpa) – Walter Scheel, who was West German president at the height of the Cold War and an architect of the nation's contentious push for detente with the Soviet Union, has died, officials in BERLIN said on Wednesday. He died at age 97 after a long illness. A member of Germany's pro-business Free Democrats (FDP), Scheel was one of the nation's leading politicians of the 1960s and 1970s. He served as the nation's foreign minister between 1969 and 1974, working with Social Democrat Chancellor WILLY BRANDT to recognize the communist German Democratic Republic. "He has earned lasting credit for understanding and reconciliation on our continent with his policies on the eastern bloc and Europe,” said German President Joachim Gauck. As the nation's vice-chancellor, Scheel was forced to step in and take over the leadership of the country in May 1974 after Brandt was engulfed by a spying scandal. Scheel then went on to become the president of West Germany between 1974 and 1979. Born in the western German city of Solingen, he also served as minister for economic cooperation. Scheel was the third prominent FDP politician to die this year after the deaths of former foreign ministers Guido Westerwelle and Hans-Dietrich Genscher. The former president will also be remembered as a singer. He made an unusual turn as an entertainer a few months before becoming president: a recording of the foreign minister and two choirs singing "Hoch auf dem gelben Wagen" ("High on the yellow wagon"). It made it to No. 5 in the West German charts early in 1974.

German - American Journal



The WORDSEARCH is on Page 5

Die Jahreszeit: der Herbst

Volunteers find thousands of old German currency in donated laundry

Exchange Rates 1 USD = 0.89020 EURO 1 EURO = 1.12334 USD 9 – 10 –16

DANK Benton Harbor, MI Fish Fry Schedule

October 7, 2016 November 4, 2016

December 2, no fish fry, but food will be available during the dance

The House Of Gemütlichkeit DANK Haus - Benton Harbor

2651 Pipestone Rd. Benton Harbor, MI (269)926-6652 ·

Dusseldorf (dpa) - Two charity group volunteers in Germany got more than they bargained for when a plastic bag containing thousands of Deutsche Mark tumbled out of the donated laundry they were sorting. The two workers in the western German state of NorthRhine Westphalia informed the police of the discovery, and the rightful owners of the old western German currency were located, police said on Wednesday. Police would not say the exact amount discovered, only that it was in the five-figure range. At the current exchange rate, 10,000 Deutsche Mark could be cashed in for about $5,725.

Upcoming deadlines for the DANK German-American Journal To keep this magazine on schedule for on-time delivery please use the following schedule for upcoming issues:

Dec/Jan: November 10 Feb/Mar: January 10 Chapter news and pictures should be sent to the editor, Ronald Kabitzke at If you need assistance of any kind please call me and I will be more than happy to assist you. My number is 262.675.6336

German - American Journal


Suddenly, it's cool to be German By Rebecca S. Fahrlander A remarkable rehabilitation of Germany's image is taking place. As a million migrants fled to Germany last year, it became known for its "welcome culture." Chancellor Angela Merkel was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize and

German Fest

Kids dressed up in the audience in 2011 at German Fest, which returns this weekend. In a guest commentary, Rebecca S. Fahrlander argues that it’s suddenly cool to be German. named the "Person of the Year" by Time magazine. The country's humanitarian outreach across the globe, as well as its popularity as a holiday destination has been touted in the media. Germany has actually been ranked the best country in the world in a recent poll. Suddenly, it's cool to be German. I first noticed this a couple of years ago, while in a concert crowd in Iowa. There, I met a young man who was making his way across country to find a job in North Dakota. As we exchanged names and became sort of "situational friends" as sometimes happens at rock concerts, we got into a conversation about his love of all things German. He was very proud to be part German. As with many people, his family history was mythical rather than researched, and seemed to have a tentative quality about it. The family story was that his father had been partly of German heritage. He asked me about his last name, the part of him he thought was German. With some hesitation (I did not wish to spoil his dream), I told him the name was actually Dutch in origin, although that did not necessarily

preclude his being part German. He wanted to believe he was German. I remember being so struck by that. I had never run into anyone who really thought it so important to be German. As an American whose ancestors had resided in Germany for centuries and whose grandparents had immigrated to the United States around the turn of the 20th century, I was all too aware that there was a time when being German was not cool at all. That time was the postwar baby boom era in which I grew up. In that era, being German or German-American was more complicated. My childhood and youth played out in front of the Nuremberg trials on TV, histories of World War II, the Milgram research on obedience to authority and media commentary on the collective guilt of Germans. I often heard the comment, "I was in the war. I don't like Germans." Unfortunately, many people felt free to voice their prejudice. I grew accustomed to being asked about my name. "What nationality is that?" would be followed by the predictable query, "When did your family leave Germany?" I came to understand that this latter question was code for what they really wanted to know: was my family there then, during the Nazi era. Knowing glances were exchanged between others; I could only guess what stereotypes of Germans filled their minds. I found myself pre-empting these inquiries by volunteering the answer before the question was even asked. Now it seems we have this new world in which Germany is associated with primarily positive images of humanity, compassion and the "welcome culture." For Germans and German-Americans, it may take some getting used to. But all in all, it's rather nice that it is suddenly cool to be German. Rebecca S. Fahrlander is an adjunct professor of psychology and sociology at The University of Nebraska -Omaha. All of her grandparents were German immigrants. Permission given by Dr. Rebecca Fahrlander; permission given from the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel submitted to the DANK Journal by Brigita Roth


Poll: Germans optimistic about the future Frankfurt (dpa) - Germans are more optimistic about the future than most other Europeans, according to a study by market researchers Nielsen released Sunday. German consumers gave the highest scores for the situation in the labour market than all other Europeans, and they also gave an above average evaluation for their own personal finances and consumer sentiment over the next 12 months, Nielsen said. "Since 2011 consumer confidence has risen significantly, and that is thanks to the stability of the German economy in times of crisis," the head of Nielsen Germany, Ingo Schier, said. The majority, 59 per cent, said the German labour market would be good or very good in the next 12 months, which is 9 percentage points higher than in 2011. Meanwhile 51 per cent feel that their own personal financial situation will develop well or very well in the coming year. Nielsen questioned 17,000 people in several European countries in May for the survey, 500 of them in Germany. The company says the group was a representative sample of internet users in each country. Germans were not the most optimistic nation in the survey - that honour went to the Danes - but they were joint third with the Irish. The survey was carried out before the June 23 vote by the British to leave the European Union and the failed Turkish coup d'etat of July 15.

Minister: Germany to target "wealthy criminals" with driving bans Berlin (dpa) - German drivers who are found guilty of a crime could lose their driving licences as part of plans set out by the justice minister to deter "wealthy criminals" unfazed by cash fines. "There are cases, for example with very wealthy criminals, who are not affected by a monetary fine," Justice Minister Heiko Maas said, according to a report in news magazine Spiegel.


German - American Journal


Aus Oma's Küche Adelaide’s Sauerbraten Meatballs This is the recipe is from Adelaide Kranzler, DANK Chapter Milwaukee

1 lb lean ground round ¾ cup soft coarse bread crumbs ¼ cup minced onions Freshly ground black pepper 7 tablespoons lemon juice 2 tablespoons water 2 Tablespoons margarine 2 ½ cups beef broth ¼ cup brown sugar ¾ cup gingersnap crumbs

Combine meat, bread crumbs, onion, pepper, water and 3 Tblspn lemon juice. Mix well and form into 1 (one) inch meatballs. Heat margarine in skillet and brown the meatballs. Remove from pan. . (I like to place the formed meatballs on a cookie sheet and brown in the oven at 400 degrees.) To the drippings in the pan add the broth and the rest of the lemon juice (4 tablespoons). Bring to a boil and stir in sugar and gingersnap crumbs. Add the meatballs to the sauce and simmer, covered, for 10 minutes. Stir and cook uncovered 5 minutes longer. Serve over noodles and sprinkle with poppy seed.

German - American Journal



The Luther Decade: On the trail of Martin Luther The year 2017 marks the 500th anniversary of the "big bang" of the Reformation, Luther's legendary posting of his theses on the church door in Wittenberg. The Luther Decade is an occasion for celebration and reflection

(© DZT/Jochen Keute)

Wittenberg is a pretty, almost sleepy medium-sized town. It is close to the border between the eastern German states of Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg, and with less than 50,000 inhabitants one might be inclined to call its a largish small town, which would of course insult the citizens of Wittenberg. After all, the town is not only located on one of Germany's longest rivers, the Elbe, it also has a proud history. And this is tangible everywhere. There is no shortage of testimonies to the Renaissance in Wittenberg. Luther, the Reformer Martin Luther (1483–1546), is inseparably linked with Wittenberg, which is why one should really refer to the town as Lutherstadt Wittenberg. Which only very few people do, because this long title is simply too awkward. What is more, many people seem to think: why all the fuss about a renegade monk called Luther?

(© DZT/Jochen Keute)

Yet at the moment it looks as if all this is gradually changing. Luther, who has always lived on in the hearts of Protestants, is being brought closer to other inhabitants of the town and its surroundings step by step. Not least

because so many tourists, especially from abroad and overseas, come here in search of Martin Luther's trail. After all, the Luther monuments in SaxonyAnhalt have been under UNESCO protection world heri­tage sites since 1996. Luther tourism is certainly an economic factor and a very welcome one, not only in Wittenberg, but also in Eis­leben (Wittenberg's little sister in the Mansfelder Land district, between Halle and the Harz district, where Luther was born and also died), as well as in Eisenach in Thuringia.

(© picture-alliance/dpa)

It was there, up in the Wartburg, that the person the Roman Church outlawed as "Junker Jörg" lived in hiding for a time and in 1521 and 1522 worked on his German translation of the Bible. This was a momentous cultural act, of that there can be no doubt. For many people, the Book of Books is as topical today as it was then – even in eastern Germany where, during more than 40 years of Communist rule, the citizens had their faith driven out of them. This was successful to a degree, which is something that the Christian churches of both major denominations - Catholic and Protestant - unanimously lament. So the imminent jubilee of the Reformation is coming just at the right time. For this jubilee, the Evangelical Church in Germany has instituted a special position for a prelate, which has been filled by the theologian Stephan Dorgerloh, whose task is to coordinate and manage events on site. His office is in the Town

Hall of Wittenberg - there could scarcely be a more prominent place for it.

(© picture alliance/ ZB)

The Luther Decade? This refers to the period up to 2017, the year that will mark the 500th anniversary of the "big bang" of the Reformation, Luther's legendary nailing of his theses to the door of Wittenberg's Schlosskirche. In those 95 Theses, Luther denounced the Roman Catholic Church's sale of indulgences - and criticized the conditions that prevailed at the time with pertinent references to the Bible. The posting of the theses took place on October 31, or Reformation Day, which is a public holiday in the mainly Protestant central German states of Saxony, Saxony-­Anhalt and Thuringia. Holidays are always welcome everywhere, even in more secular times. And if traders then sell a tasty morsel called a Reformation Roll, as they do in Wittenberg, then this is also very welcome. But what does Reformation actually mean? And what does it mean today? These are topics which the Reformation Decade will be devoting attention to – and not just for the tourist industry, which already brings welcome revenue to the citizens of Wittenberg, Eisleben and Eisenach. Initially, it seemed as if both these issues were non-starters. The global economic crisis put a stop to travel, especially among the many Christians in the United States; and the debate about the current meaning of the ReformaPlease see Luther on page 26

German - American Journal


and including the major celebrations; and in early 2011, the state government in Magdeburg held out the prospect of tens of millions of euros, among other things, for the refurbishment of Wittenberg Castle.

Luther from page 25

(© DZT/Jochen Keute)

Nevertheless, it was still some time before Luther's protest against medieval restrictions and impositions was seen in the context of emancipation and liberation, and consequently as something very contemporary and timely. And before it was accepted as something that not only went far beyond the framework of a local event, but was also worthy of our greatest attention and should be celebrated and subsidized with state funds. After all, as Stephan Dorgerloh pointedly put it in 2010, this is about more than just a town festival in Wittenberg. Meanwhile, however, things are really moving: a pilgrim path follows Luther's trail through central Germany; theme years and various events are being organized to structure the decade, up to

plinth certainly did no damage to the idea, or the commemoration, of the Reformation - nor to the sale of various souvenirs. The state of Saxony-Anhalt is sure to become Luther State, and its capital is called Wittenberg. By Andreas Montag for Deutschland Magazine

Town celebrates its ties to mustard, with unique results

(© picture-alliance/HB Verlag)

tion got going only very slowly, at least in the public eye. Yet the consequences of the work of Luther and his friend and ally, the theologian Philipp Melanchthon, can be felt everywhere: first in the development of the German language and German thought, then in the upheavals extending from the Enlightenment to 20th century modernism. Two outstanding testimonies to it are only a few kilometers away from Wittenberg: Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Kingdom and the Bauhaus.


(© picture-alliance/ZB)

Tourists amid the "Plastic Luthers" by Ottmar Hörl in Wittenberg. A series of 800 plastic Luther figures by artists Ottmar Hörl were placed in Wittenberg's market square from August to September, 2010

Once again, it was an artist who played a vital role in getting the public discussion off the ground. "Aided and abetted" by Dorgerloh, in summer 2010 Ottmar Hörl set about occupying Wittenberg's Market Square with 800 colorful Luther gnomes - representing the missing larger-than-life father of the Reformation, whose monument otherwise dominates the square and now has to be refurbished. The public outcry, not only from the circles of conservative theologians, was enormous. However, the enthusiasm was just as passionate. Hörl had not actually toppled the figure of Martin Luther from his plinth and trivialized him, but had merely humanized the Reformer with his army of faithful plastic copies, and in doing so had also recalled those questions which many people, also in Wittenberg, prefer to avoid answering: the question of Luther's anti-Semitism, for example. Yet concealment does not suit the image of the Reformation. Thanks to Hörl's action, the protected Luther came down from his pedestal, so to speak, to stand at eye level with people. Children found this astonishing, teenagers and tourists thought it was funny, and many believers regarded it as disrespectful. But suddenly a debate had been initiated, a bit of a rumpus raised. Luther's temporary "descent" from his

Miriam Schoenbach, dpa Mustard ice cream? In a town in Germany, tourists and locals can experience different dishes with the spicy condiment, from traditional to more adventuresome. Bautzen (dpa) - It's a condiment more at home at a hot snacks stand than as a flavour behind an ice cream counter: bratwurst mustard. Yet there it is, at Alexander Schiebel's scoop shop, next to five others showcasing the vast range of uses of the popular yellow paste. Schiebel's unique creations are part of celebrations dedicated to the spicy condiment in a town in Germany with deep links to mustard. Until September 11, mustard fans can venture to Bautzen, near the Polish border, to see what 15 restaurants and bars in the area are doing with the condiment as part of its Mustard Weeks. Ice cream has been Schiebel's life for the last 16 years. He started out selling manufactured brands before beginning to experiment with creating flavours on his own. His latest product tastes like a grilled bratwurst that's been doused in sweet mustard. "That one is for the more adventuresome," he says. His other flavours feature mustard paired with oranges or redcurrants, which have become classics at the festival that began in 2006. Mustard has long been associated with the town in the German state of Saxony, where the most popular version of Bautzen-brand mustard, mild, has been on sale since 1953. For many Germans, the town is a byword for mustard - every fourth bottle of the paste sold at a grocery store in Germany comes from there.


German - American Journal


Regensburg from page 13

Regensburg from page 13

Vielfalt an regionalen Produkten einkaufen und kommt ganz leicht mit den verschiedenen Marktkaufleuten und den anderen Kunden ins Gespräch. Und wo verbringen Sie am liebsten Ihren Urlaub? Nach all dem, was ich Ihnen gerade erzählt habe, wird es Sie bestimmt nicht wundern, wenn ich auf diese Frage antworte: in Regensburg. Das ist tatsächlich so! Zum einen liegt das daran, dass ich mich am wohlsten fühle, wenn ich arbeiten kann. Und deshalb sollte das Alte Rathaus nie zu weit weg sein. Zum anderen fühle ich mich in dieser Stadt einfach und salopp gesagt sauwohl! Die einzige Alternative ist die Heimat meiner Familie, die Nordseeküste und Ostfriesland. Ab und an ein paar Tage dort – dann genieße ich den Tapetenwechsel. Das reicht mir als Urlaub aber völlig!

to be within reach of the Old Town Hall. On the other hand, to put it simply I feel as happy as a skylark in this city! The only alternative is where my original family roots are, the North Sea coast and East Friesland. Just a few days there occasionally, and the change really does me good. That’s all I need in the way of holidays!


DANK Chapter Lake County, IL mourns the passing of

Erwin Goering

Stefan Pigler, age 68, of Newbury, passed away June 19, 2016. He was born in Vienna, Austria, on November 25, 1947. He was a proud and loving husband, son and brother who will be greatly missed by all who knew him. Stefan was currently serving as the President of Cleveland Männerchor Chor. Stefan took great pride in his heritage and was very active in the German Community. He was the proud owner and operator of Inner-Décor Upholstery for the last 40 years. Stefan is survived by his wife of 25 years, Darlene Muhic and mother Magdalene Pigler. He was preceded in death by his father Stefan Pigler and brother Carl Pigler. A Funeral Mass was held on Friday, June 24, 2016 at St. Mary Magdalene Church, Willowick.

Erwin Goering, our beloved Button Box player, passed away on July 11. Erwin immigrated to the United States in 1955 and soon met the love of his life, Hella. They were married in 1958 and joined DANK in 1969. Erwin worked for Racine Wood Products/Christensen Woodwork for many years, and for Hans Hanson Danish Imports from which he retired in 1992. Erwin traveled all over the world and returned to his homeland many times. Erwin's passion was playing the Button Box accordion. He played at many DANK Lake County events, most recently at our Chapter's 50th Anniversary Celebration on May 15 of this year. Erwin also played for the Harmonia Club and many other organizations, as well as at private gatherings throughout Racine and Kenosha, Wisconsin. His hobbies included gardening and cabinet making. In addition to DANK Lake County, IL he also was a proud member of MGV Harmonia and the Button Box Club. Above all, Erwin was a devoted husband, father, and grandfather. Our condolences go to the Goering family. Erwin and his music will be greatly missed.

DANK Chapter Benton Harbor mourns the passing of

DANK Chapter Pittsburgh mourns the passing of

Irma Linzing

Helga E. (Karpf) Barnes

Irma Linzing, 89, of New Buffalo, MI passed away June 7, 2016 at Hospice Franciscan Communities in Michigan City, IN after a battle with Alzheimer's. Irma was born January 9, 1927 in Berlin, Germany to Karl Luci (Krüger) Siebholz. In 1959 she moved to Chicago and found employment at Salk, Ward & Salk Mortgage Bankers, where she rose to office manager. She joined the German American Singers where she met the love of her life, Richard and they were married on October 11, 1969. Irma was a member of the Lutheran Church of the Dunes, Michigan City, and St. Luke's, united after they merged with the Dunes. She was a member of DANK Benton Harbor/ St. Joseph for 25 years. She is survived by her husband, Rochard, of New Buffalo; many nieces, nephews, great nieces and nephews in Germany. She was preceeded in death by her parents, two brothers and three sisters.

Helga E. Barnes, 71, of Carmichaels, Pennsylvania died Friday, June 17, 2016 in her daughter's home. She was born August 25, 1944 in Rupphof, Germany, a daughter of the late Wilhelm and Elise Seger Karpf. Mrs. Barnes graduated high school, attended the Department of Agriculture College of Farm Management and one year of Culinary School all in Germany. In Greene County she worked as a seamstress at the former Greenway Manufacturing Company. On January 27, 1965 she married Claude L. Barnes Jr., who died on January 10, 2007. Surviving are a son, Claude L. (Michelle) Barnes III, and daughters, Patricia B. (Charles) Ray, Tiffany M. (Jason) Watson, and Colleen E. (Robert) Wells; nine grandchildren; seven great-grandchildren; and two sisters, Gudrun Maier, and Annie Asmus both in Germany. Deceased in addition to her parents and husband is a sister, Heidie.

DANK Chapter Cleveland mourns the passing of

Stefan Pigler


German - American Journal


VW steals global sales top spot from Toyota despite emission scandal Takehiko Kambayashi and Andrew McCathie, dpa Tokyo/Berlin (dpa) - Troubled German carmaker Volkswagen surpassed  Toyota Motor in global sales in the first half of 2016, despite an emission cheating  scandal that had threatened to engulf VW, sales results showed Thursday. Worldwide sales for the Toyota group, including Daihatsu Motor and Hino Motors, stood at 4.99 million vehicles in the January-June period, down 0.6 per cent from the same period a year earlier. VW sold 5.12 million units globally in the same period, the carmaker

said Wednesday. Japan's largest carmaker was forced to halt production due to supply disruptions following two major earthquakes that hit Kumamoto prefecture in April and a blast  at a steel plant run by its affiliate in May. VW took the crown  from Toyota as  the world's top-selling carmaker for the first time in the first half of 2015, before the German automaker was caught cheating on emission tests on its diesel cars by US environmental authorities, which hit sales. However, VW reported on Thursday a sharp fall in second quarter profit at its core VW brands as its

struggles to emerge from the emissions scandal. Earnings before interest (EBIT) at VW's core Golf and Passat brands in the three months to the end of June fell to 808 million euros (896 million dollars) compared with 914 million euros in the same period last year. "We produced a solid result in difficult conditions," said VW group Chief Financial Officer Frank Witter. "This shows that the Volkswagen Group has high earnings power," he said. "But it will require continued hard work to absorb the significant impact from the diesel issue," he said.


German - American Journal


New Members Bay City Jeanie Blakely Gary Stephenson

Benton Harbor Amy Koenigshof Emily Koenigshof Eric Koenigshof Fred Koenigshof Linda Koenigshof Doug Schultz Kim Schultz

Chicago Alison Engel Matthew Engel Alexander Thuswaldner Gregor Thuswaldner Maximilian Thuswaldner Pamela Thuswaldner

Chicago North Chrisopher Heumann Cindy Hoch Lola Hoch Clara Lindenmann

Felix Lindenmann Simon Lindenmann Alexander Pillath Eric Pillath Katja Pillath Antje Schenkemeyer Karl Schenkemeyer Kurt Schenkemeyer Sofi Schenkemeyer Angelique Strand

Lake County, IL

Chicago South


Donald Tannheimer Patricia Tannheimer Brian Teniente Katherine Teniente

Barbara Knollinger Luke Knollinger Scott Knollinger Holly Oppermann

Chicago West

Washington DC

Barbara Hogberg

Philip Sommer



Fred Wittman

Alyssa Holschbach Walter Kubon Jack Renz

Fox Valley

Hildegard Geiger Thaddaus Geiger Noah Meltzer

Milwaukee Steven Clarey Mary Fiedler Logan Johnson Ingrid Yarnell

Mary Scheiilinger

Donations Education Fund Daniel Bolle Brigita Bedelis-Roth

German American Day Jakob Setter

Newspaper Fund Walter Kubon Jakob Setter

German - American Journal



Calendar Of Events October 1 Milwaukee, Board Meeting, 10 am 3 Bay City, Meeting & activities, 7 pm 5 Milwaukee, Singing, 7 pm 6 Springfield, German American Day, Augies's Front Burner, 109 S. 5th St., Springfield, Reservations Req'd. 7 Benton Harbor, Fish Fry, 6 - 8 pm; Band 7 - 10 pm 7 DANK HAUS, Kultur Küche, 7:30 pm 10 Springfield, Baord Meeting, 6:30 pm 12 Milwaukee, Dancing, 6 pm: Singing, 7 pm 16 Chicago South, Board Meeting, 2 pm 16 Chicago West, Board Meeting, 1:30 pm 16 Phoenix, Board Meeting, 1 pm 17 Chicago South, Oktoberfest, music by The Tempo's & the John Weber Band, German American Heritage Center, Frankfort 19 Chicago, Board Meeting, 7 pm 19 Erie, General Membership Meeting, 7 pm 19 Milwaukee, Singing, 7 pm 21 DANK HAUS, Stammtisch – Open House, 7:30 pm 22 South Bend, Oktoberfest, Weiss' Gasthaus, 115 N. Dixie Way, South Bend, 5:30 pm 23 Milwaukee, Membership Meeting & Member Recognition, Sacred Heart Parish, 2 pm 26 Milwaukee, Dancing, 6pm: Singing, 7 pm 28 DANK HAUS, German Cinema Now, 7:30 pm

November 2 4 4 5 5

Milwaukee, Singing, 7 pm Benton Harbor, Fish Fry, 6 - 8 pm; Band, 7 - 10 pm DANK HAUS, Kultur Küche, 7:30 pm Milwaukee, Board Meeting, 10 am South Bend, Membership & Election Meeting, 11 am, Francis Branch Library 52655 Ironwood Rd, South Bend 7 Bay City, Meeting & activities, 7 pm 9 Milwaukee, Dancing, 6 pm; Singing, 7 pm 13 Benton Harbor, Membership & Election Meeting, 2 pm 13 Chicago West, Baord Meeting, 1:30 pm 14 Springfield, Board Meeting, 6:30 pm 16 Erie, General Membership Meeting, 7 pm 16 Milwaukee, Singing, 7 pm 18 DANK HAUS, Stammtisch – Open House, 7:30 pm 20 Benton Harbor, Ft. Custer, Battle Creek, 2 pm 20 Phoenix, Board Meeting, 1 pm Chicago South, Board Meeting, 2 pm 25 DANK HAUS, German Cinema Now, 7:30 pm 27 South Bend, German Advent Service, St. Paul Lutheran Church, 51490 Laurel Rd, South Bend, 4 pm 30 Milwaukee, Singing, 7 pm

4 5 9 11 11 11 13 14 16 18 18 21 23

Benton Harbor, Kid Christmas Party 2 pm Bay City, Meeting & activities, 7 pm Benton Harbor, Christmas Party Potluck, 6 pm Chicago West, Christmas Party, 1:30 pm Milwaukee, Christmas Party, Sacred Heart Parish, 2 pm South Bend, Christmas Party, Potluck, Weiss's Gasthaus, 115 N. Dixie Way, South Bend, 3 pm Chicago West, Board Meeting, 1:30 pm Milwaukee, Singing, 7 pm DANK HAUS, Stammtisch – Open House, 7:30 pm Chicago South, Board Meeting, 2 pm Phoenix, Board Meeting, 1 pm Erie, General Membership Meeting, 7 pm DANK HAUS, German Cinema Now, 7:30 pm

Saturdays at the DANK HAUS Kino Kaffee & Kuchen – Heimat films in German, 2 pm Lost German Chicago Exhibit in Museum, 11 am - 3 pm

Language Schools Chicago North, Christian Liberty Academy, Arlington Heights, Adults and Children 3+, Satudays, 9:30 am – Noon Palatine H S, Adults and Children 5+, Monday's, 5:45 pm 8:15 pm For more info: 847.392.5352 Chicago South, Adult classes, German Conversational Courses, Thursday's, 6 pm – 8 pm, 6 week sessions

Meeting Locations for DANK Chapters Bay City meets at the Stein Haus, 1120 N. Water St., Bay City, MI, 48708 Tel. 989.891.2337 Benton Harbor meets at their DANK Haus, 2651 Pipestone Rd. Benton Harbor, MI 49022 Tel. 269.926.6652 Chicago meets at the DANK HAUS, 4740 N. Western Av. Chicago IL 60625 Tel. 773.561.9181 Chicago South meets at the DANK House, 25249 S. Center Rd, Frankfort, IL 60423 Tel. 815.464.1514 Chicago West meets at Redeemer Lutheran of Elmhurst, 345 S. Kenilworth Ave, Elmhurst, IL 60126 Tel. 630.805.1504 Cleveland meets at the Cleveland Männerchor Club, 4515 State Rd., Cleveland, OH 44109 Tel. 216.741.772 Erie meets at the Erie Männerchor Club, 1617 State St. Erie, PA, 16501 Tel. 814.835.1939


Milwaukee meets at the German Fest Office, W140N5761 Lilly Rd., Menomonee Falls, WI 53051 Tel. 414.331.6957

2 Benton Harbor, Squeezbox with Ted Lange and Mollie B, Food will be available for purchase, 6 - 11 pm 2 DANK HAUS, Kultur Küche, 7:30 pm 4 Chicago South, Christmas Show & Dance, GermanAmerican Heritage Center, Frankfort, IL

Phoenix meets at North Mountain Brewing Company, 522 E. Dunlap, Phoenix, AZ 85020 Tel. 602.569.9381 Springfield meets at Engel's on Edwards, 552 S. MacArthur, Ste. A, Springfield, IL

German - American Journal





Happy Holidays

Frohe Weihnachten

Short holiday greeting here

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Holiday Greeting Here

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year

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Greeting here Chapter or Name Here Deadline for ads: November 1

Color ads: 2.25" high X 3.4" wide Check your ad choice below A Happy Holidays

C Holiday Greeting

B Frohe Weihnachten

D Merry Christmas

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E Submit my own ad Name Address

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German - American Journal



Rhine and Danube river cruises gain zest with dining or nights ashore Philipp Laage, dpa Berlin (dpa) - River cruises in Europe, spending several days aboard a small ship with comfortable cabins and a restaurant on board, are a great way to see romantic landscapes of castles and vineyards. New offerings and value-added services provided by the cruise companies are promising to add some zest to the riverboat scene, industry officials say. With terrorism a factor influencing travellers' destination choices, river cruises on such scenic waterways as the Rhine, Danube, Moselle and the Rhone hold a strong attraction for many. It's a sentiment that hasn't gone unnoticed in the business, where river cruise companies are upgrading their services. At the company Nicko Cruises, managing director Guido Laukamp says the focus now is especially on the premium - four stars or more - segment. One reason is that the typical river cruise traveller is a senior with a robust

travel budget. But to keep the clientele coming back, cruise lines keep inventing new ideas. At the A-Rosa company plying the Danube River, its stopover in Budapest includes taking passengers to the local farmers' market to shop for food items that they will then cook together later on board. In Vienna, A-Rosa will organize an evening dinner in the Prater amusement park where you might hear waltz music or see the Viennese let their hair down on the roller-coasters. A-Rosa managing director Hans Joerg Eichler says that there is less demand for bus and sightseeing excursions during a city stopover, but that a new offering is booking a hotel room for those passengers who prefer a night on land. Phoenix cruise company executive Benjamin Krumpen confirms the new developments. "The variety is getting greater, and the trend is now towards cruises with a

DANK Decals are here! Show everyone that you are a DANK member with this DANK Decal. Shown here is actual size and they look good on your bumper or rear window. It is a diecut oval (there is no blue background when removed from the paper). I have had mine on my rear window for over a year and a half and it has not faded. It still looks new. The cost is $2.00 each including shipping. For more information call 262.675.6336 or e-mail me at Order from and make your check payable to:

DANK Chapter Milwaukee â„… Ronald Kabitzke 6811 Hickory Road West Bend, WI 53090-8948

special theme," he said. And, passengers are taking more initiative in organizing their shore leave activities.

Germany seeks its next top sausage dog Muenster (dpa) - At a large dog show to be held Sunday in the small German town of Kaunitz, the German Dachshund club will judge more than 300 of the short-legged breed and declare one Germany's most beautiful. The meeting of the wieners, sausage dogs and Dachshunds, along with their owners and breeders, will transform the town into the Dachshund capital for the seventh time. While Dachshunds were the most fashionable breed in Germany in the 1970s and 1980s, today they have to compete with others for attention. Yet the hunting and family dogs which are known for their stubbornness, remain popular.

Dank journal oct nov 2016