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All About STDs and Importance of Safe Sex Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) is an infection that transmits through anal, oral or vaginal sex from one person to another. It is also called as Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) or Venereal Disease (VD). People, who engage themselves in unprotected sex are more prone to STDs.

As a matter of fact, sex is the only way to spread the STDs, and there are some other ways too that can transmit the infection. Some common ways that can transmit the infections are sharing of bed, sharing of towels, using infected needles, breastfeeding, and even skin-to-skin contact. So, practicing safe sex is the best way to reduce the chances of such kinds of sexually transmitted diseases.


Signs and Symptoms of STDs Common signs and symptoms are as follows: ● ● ● ● ●

Sores or blisters Rashes Painful sex Pain in urination Abnormal discharge

However, it has been seen that some people don't show these common symptoms. The infection can remain in the dormant phase for several years. It is also observed that some people don't have any idea that they are suffering from these infections. If untreated, these STDs may cause some complications like: ● ● ● ●

Infertility Cancer Body illness Death; in are cases.

Types of STDs: There are several STDs that cause severe complications in the body. Some of the STDs are discussed below: 1. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) One of the world’s most deadly diseases, AIDS occur due to a viral infection. The virus causes immunodeficiency in the body – the inability of the body to fight against foreign organisms like bacteria, virus, and some other pathogens. It has been seen that a person can have this virus in the dormant


state for years without experiencing any symptom. There is some treatment available for the HIV that is quite effective when treated in the early stage. Various tests are also available for HIV in the clinics and hospitals. Also read: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/AIDS – Symptoms, Tests & Prevention. 2. Syphilis Syphilis is another STD, which occur due to bacterial infection caused by Treponema pallidum. Its common symptoms are painless sores in the genitals or rectum. It is quite difficult to diagnose at the early stage. The bacteria can be in the dormant state for years. Some major symptoms at the later stage are tiredness, fever, rashes and muscle pain. If untreated, this disease can cause several complications like damaging vital organs like brain, heart and peripheral nervous system, and death may also occur in rare case. It is easily treatable with antibiotics. In newborn babies, this infection could be fatal. So, it is recommended that pregnant women should be screened for the same. Also read: Syphilis: Types, Prevention and Treatment.

Symptoms,

Causes,

Diagnosis,

3. Chlamydia Chlamydia is one the most commonly noticed bacterial disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis in the United States. Just like syphilis, its symptoms are also not visible at an early stage. So, it is quite difficult to figure out whether a person is suffering from this infection or not.


It is seen that the infected people don't have so many symptoms at a time. However, some symptoms of chlamydia infection are infertility, health problems in newborn babies, and pelvic inflammatory disease. There are some infertility treatments in Ayurveda. With antibiotics, this disease can be treated. Also read: Chlamydia: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment. 4. Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is another common bacterial disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is also called as 'the clap.' Just like other STDs, it also doesn't show initial-stage symptoms after infection. Some symptoms that can appear after infection are itching near the genitals and a yellowish-green fluid discharge. Untreated gonorrhea can cause infertility, premature labor, and some health problems in newborn babies. Gonorrhea can also be cured by taking some antibiotics. 5. Herpes This is viral infection known as herpes simplex virus (HSV). Two types (HSV-1 and HSV-2) of herpes occur and both are sexually transmitted. Earlier, it was observed that HSV-1 causes oral herpes due to oral sex, but now, it has been known to cause genital herpes too. On the other hand, HSV-2 mainly causes genital herpes. The common symptoms of both herpes HSV-1 and HSV-2 is blistery sores. There are medicines that can help reduce the pain during an infection outbreak. These medicines can also help lower the chances of transmission. It can be fatal to newborns babies. So, it is advised to pregnant


women to get screened for this infection long before birth. Also read: Genital Herpes – Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Treatment. Safe Sex and Its Importance Practicing safe sex can reduce the chances of acquiring STDs that can ruin your life. It is also important for those people, who are not ready for parenthood to avoid unplanned pregnancy. So, using necessary precautions can protect you and keep you safe and healthy. There are various ways for a safe sex that can help you to get rid of such kinds of sexual health issues. These are given below: ● Restrict yourself to single sex partner ● Know your partner's sexual history ● Before having sex, get yourself and your partner tested for any STD ● Take vaccines for hepatitis B and human papillomavirus (HPV) Practicing safer habits in all kinds of sex is a great idea. Some other protective measures are given below: ● Use male or female condoms during intercourse ● Use dental dams during oral sex ● Use gloves during manual penetration It is also recommended that rinsing off the skin after sex can reduce the chances of infections. Whereas, urinating after sex is good for women to avoid such types of infections. Follow all the instructions carefully on the condom box. You can take some safety measures like: ● No reuse ● Wearing it correctly ● Check the expiry date


â—? Dispose of it properly Read More: 15 Surprising Sex Facts You Had No Idea About Highly Recommended Treatments To Cure Erectile Dysfunction

All About STDs and Importance of Safe Sex  

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) can occur due to lack of knowledge about it and lack of safe sex practices. Here, we have mentioned all...

All About STDs and Importance of Safe Sex  

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) can occur due to lack of knowledge about it and lack of safe sex practices. Here, we have mentioned all...

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