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28 Tevet 5764 January 22, 2004 Volume 1 :: No. 5

An Independent Central al Ohio Jewish Monthly

TALE OF A JEWISH COUCH

FORMER CHRISTIAN MINISTER BEGINS LIFE AS A JEW

Filmmaker seeks family and spirtual ties through a heirloom pg

Interest in history brought him to question his beliefs and closer to a “Hebraic” perspective pg

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Feature Special children find their own place at the bimah By Ruth Portnoy

TH E N EW STAN DAR D

Sam Menker isn’t able to carry on a conversation. But he taught his rabbi, Howard Apothaker, a new way to communicate the holiest of Jewish prayers. He taught him to use American Sign Language to communicate the Shema, a prayer affirming the oneness of God. It was a moment of revelation, for the rabbi - and for Sam’s family, who thought their son, diagnosed with autism at age 2, never would be able to become a bar mitzvah. “He turned 13, and it was a really rough time,’’ said his mother, Robin. “It was one of those milestones that kind of hits you in the head. You think, ‘This 13-year-old isn’t doing what other 13-year-olds are doing.’ ” Ben Setnar didn’t fit in, either. Diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome – a type of high-functioning autism - the 13-year-old has a difficult time staying focused. He doesn’t always relate socially to other people and functions best when copying what other people do. “I get agitated very easily,’’ he said. His mother, Teresa, believed he was intellectually capable of learning Hebrew and giving a speech, but she wondered if he could concentrate steadily enough to become a bar mitzvah. But both boys had the help of special-education teachers through the Kesher program run by the Columbus Jewish Federation with support from the Columbus Jewish Foundation. Held at Congregation Tifereth Israel each Sunday, the program teaches pre-b’nai mitzvah-age students, about the holidays, the traditions and the significance of the sacred objects found in a traditional Jewish home. Kesher is part of a $60,000 slate of services for disabled Jewish children and adults throughout Franklin County. The services include signing during high-holiday services, sports activities for young adults and training for teens from Chabad House, who become buddies with children who wouldn’t otherwise get to participate in Jewish community activities. Each week, Kesher students hear See BIMAH Page 4

WHAT’S THE BEEF WITH KOSHER MEAT?

Many say kosher beef less susceptible to deadly disease

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pg

7

Jews seeking source of anti-Dean e-mails By Matthew E. Berger

J EWISH TE LEGR APH IC AGE NCY

BURLINGTON, Vt., -- An e-mail smear campaign distorting Howard Dean’s positions on Israel, coupled with the candidate’s genuine gaffes, has his staff working overtime to persuade Jewish voters that he is committed to Israel. ``Even-handed is not a way anyone fairly describes Howard Dean,” said Stu Brody, chairman of the Democratic Rural Conference in New York and a former liaison between the Vermont governor and Jewish leaders. ``His commitment to Israel is as strong as anyone’s.” The former Vermont governor’s now famous comment that he would support an ``even-handed” approach to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict led more than a few Jewish community leaders to fret that Dean would push Israel to make risky concessions for peace. The e-mail campaign this fall - denounced by the Anti-Defamation League as a distortion of Dean’s record -- accuses Dean of having ``promised” to ``no longer support Israel the way it has in the past under both Democratic and Republican presidents.” ``In his own words, he will insist that the United States be ‘even handed,’ “ said the unsigned e-mail. ``I urge you that if you have any love for America and Israel you should not and cannot vote for Howard Dean for the office of president.” The e-mails have had an effect, and

John Pettitt

With the line of contenders for the democratic nomination shrinking and Dean’s third place standing in Iowa, a recent e-mail smear campaign could hurt him even more with New Hampshire Jews.

national Jewish organizations report fielding calls from constituents worried about Dean’s record. Brody and other Jews close to Dean insist that the U.S. approach to Israel would not significantly change under Dean’s watch, and that Dean is a strong supporter of Israel’s security. They say Dean’s ``even-handed” comment referred to perceptions that the Bush administration had distanced itself from the IsraeliPalestinian conflict, while Dean meant that he wanted the United States to resume its role of honest broker

between the sides. Several Jewish Election News leaders remain • Survey: Jews unconvinced. oppose Bush on ``There are domestic agenda some real reserp. 12 vations and con• New Hampshire cerns,” said one Jews warm to Dean senior Jewish lead- p. 13 er, who spoke on condition of anonymity. ``There is real concern whether this guy could stand up to the war on terrorism and do the right thing.” See EMAIL Page 29

Jews carry opposing positions on the new gun law By Bill Cohen

TH E N EW STAN DAR D

Is there a single "Jewish stand" on the explosive issue of legalizing concealed weapons? Apparently not, according to most, but not all, of the key Jewish movers and shakers at the Ohio Statehouse. When legislators gave final approval to a compromise concealed weapons bill Jan. 6, the three-member Jewish delegation of lawmakers was split over the issue, and the woman who is considered the main lobbyist for Ohio Jews at the Capitol wasn't twisting lawmakers' arms to vote either way. "I do not believe there is an overwhelming consensus in the Jewish community on this issue," said Joyce Garver-Keller, director of Ohio Jewish Communities, the coalition of big-city Jewish federations. She explained that while many Jews feel strongly on both sides of the issue, it is not something that goes to the heart of the Jewish community. And Keller noted another, more practical reason for not lobbying lawmakers on the issue of hidden guns: "When you have limited political capital, you must spend it wisely. You have to target the issues you work on." Still, the legislature's most outspoken critic of the con-

cealed weapons law maintained that his Jewish background helped to trigger his strong opposition. State Sen. Eric Fingerhut, a Cleveland Democrat, said, "Everything I do is related to my Judaism because it's a way of life, and I try to live it every day." Arguments by gun owners that more concealed weapons carried by law-abiding citizens would deter criminal attacks are "so full of hot air and so irrational," Fingerhut charged. "And Jewish study is based on logic. “Talmud and Jewish law -- it's like studying cases," said Fingerhut, who is a lawyer when he's not making laws in the General Assembly. But another Jewish state senator who cast an identical "no" vote insisted that his religious background played no role at all in the stand he took. Rep. David Goodman, a Republican from Bexley, explained he voted against legalizing concealed weapons because "the bill doesn't do a whole lot one way or the other." He said lawmakers should concentrate on other issues he considers more important -- for example, education and job creation. See GUNS Page 6


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:: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

The New Standard

The Cecelia K. and William Wasserstrom Memorial Scholar-in-Residence “Talking to God” Rabbi Naomi Levy

Naomi Levy

January 30 & 31, February 1, 2004

Rabbi Naomi Levy attended Cornell University where she graduated Phi Beta Kappa and Summa Cum Laude. In 1984 she was in the first class of women to enter The Jewish Theological Seminary’s rabbinical school. At the Seminary Rabbi Levy received honors as outstanding student of Talmud and outstanding underclass rabbinical student. In 1989, Rabbi Levy became the first female Conservative rabbi to head a pulpit on the West Coast. She led Congregation Mishkon Tephilo for seven years and then left her pulpit to work on her book, To Begin Again, which became a national bestseller. Rabbi Levy has appeared on NBC’s Today Show and on Oprah, and has been featured in Parade, Redbook, Self, and Los Angeles magazines. Rabbi Levy is on the faculties of the Wexner Heritage Foundation and the Academy of Jewish Religion, and she lectures widely on topics of faith, strength, renewal, spirituality, healing and prayer. Rabbi Levy’s new book, Talking to God, was released by Knopf this August and has received praise from clergy and lay people, from Jews and Christians alike. Rabbi Levy lives in Venice, California with her husband, Robert Eshman, editor-in-chief of the Los Angeles Jewish Journal and their children Adin and Noa. Friday Evening Shabbat Dinner: Does Prayer Work? Adults: $22.50, Children 10 and under: $10.00 - 5:30 pm Shabbat morning: Talking to God: Deepening our Experience in Prayer, no charge - 9:00 am Saturday Evening (Patron Reception): Mentors in Unlikely Places: Learning from All People, $100 donation - 8:00 pm Sunday morning (Men’s Club Brunch): Saving God’s Life: Becoming God’s Partners, no charge - 9:30 am

For more information or to register, call 614·253·8523


The New Standard

city briefs Heritage Fair’s second year Columbus Jewish Federation’s Columbus Family Jewish Education (FJE). FJE Project will be hosting their second annual “Heritage Fair”, an exhibit of local families’ Jewish heirlooms at the Leo Yassenoff Jewish Community Center (JCC) from 10:30-12:00 p.m. January 25 Mistake stated in JCC Summer Camp Brochure The weekly rates for transportation to and from camp are as follows: round trip 5 day a week transportation is $40, round trip 3 day a week transportation is $25, one way 5 day a week transportation is $20 and one way 3 day a week transportation is $12. Round trip 5 day a week transportation for all 8 weeks is $300. For more information on JCC Summer Camps, call the camp office at (614) 559-6251. Columbus Teens Elected to Regional Positions Four BBYO members from Columbus were elected to the 2004 KIO Regional AZA (Aleph Zadik Aleph) and BBG (B’nai B’rith Girls) Board. Bexley junior Mike Schottenstein, was elected 2004 KIO AZA Regional Vice President. Bexley junior Todd Charna was elected 2004 KIO AZA Treasurer. Bexley sophomore Billy Schwartz was elected 2004 KIO AZA Regional Secretary, and Bexley sophomore Lauren Kraus was elected 2004 KIO BBG Regional Secretary. Main Street has sell out Improve group The Boss players, Lawrence Binsky and Bob Goldstein played to a full house at Torat Emet’s “Saturday Night Live” Jan. 17. JFS to offer classes to victims of torture Jewish Family Services will be offering classes on food preparation and nutrition through a partnership with the Ohio State university Expanded food and nutritional education program. The class participants in the past has been mostly made up of Somali women. Goldberg returns to direct JCC camp Martha Goldberg will be returning to the JCC camp after a year maternity leave hiatus. Goldberg directed the camp in 2001. JET brought together Jewish youth Jewish Experience for Teens’ Chanukah bash brought together teens from all walks of life and variety of Jewish involvement. Held at the Ohio State University’s Drake Hall, about 100 teens attended. The event was sponcered by the Jewish Education literacy council and featured the Rick Recht band. Temple Israel to present new Haggadah Temple Israel religious school will benefit from the sales of the new Promise Haggadah currently for sale. The Haggadahs will be sold for $10 each. Call Susan Eisenman at 253-6912 for information.

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

Columbus and Ohio

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Christian minister, wife leave old faith behind By Jeff Covel

TH E N EW STAN DAR D

Duane and Deanna Palmore have just finished their conversion to Judaism. They’ve come a long way. Duane is a 1998 graduate of the Bible Center in Queens, N.Y. He was a Christian minister. He also is black. The couple are members of Ahavas Sholom, an Orthodox synagogue on E. Broad Street. Duane, who is an administrator for World Gym, began moving toward Judaism while studying and teaching Christian Bible. He is a history buff, and wanted everything he taught to be historically accurate. But as he studied, he ran into troubling impediments to his Christian training. The world of the historical Jesus didn’t match up with what he had been taught. He quickly “eliminated Christmas and Easter as Christian holidays because of their pagan origins,” he said. Easter, he said, was originally a fertility feast and Emperor Constantine tried to save his empire by blending the new Christian concepts with the pagan beliefs that were prevalent at the time. Soon, Palmore introduced his Bible study groups, one at home and others at the Resurrection Christian Centers in Queens and in Brooklyn, to the relationships between modern Christian practice and its Jewish roots. The exercise led him to introduce Passover to his students. Eventually, Duane’s superiors at the Bible college stepped in and told him he could not teach with this orientation. Palmore and his wife decided to leave New York and the college and move back to Columbus. Duane grew up here, a graduate of East

High School and the Fashion Institute of Technology in N.Y. Deanna is from Wisconsin. Deanna told her husband, “You need to go to a synagogue.” Duane was apprehensive at first. “How’s a black man going to show up at a synagogue?” he thought. But he began to research the synagogues in Columbus. His first thought was to try Conservative Judaism, but he noticed that most congregants drove on Shabbat and Duane felt that any involvement with Judaism must include a full commitment to traditional Judaism that included walking on Shabbat. He decided to try Ahavas Sholom. But soon he ran into the roadblocks that all converts encounter. Rabbi Jonathan Rosenberg didn’t return his calls, following a mandated response that encourages people who want to embrace Judaism to keep coming back and prove their sincerity. Duane’s desire to embrace Judaism was greatly discouraged by Rabbi Rosenberg as he mentioned the many trials, tribulations, and difficulties of being a Jew, but Duane countered that “they couldn’t be worse than being an AfricanAmerican” But the Palmores were not dissuaded. Duane began attending services, and finally, Rabbi Rosenberg agreed to meet with him and soon, Duane and Deanna attended a lengthy series of classes at Ahavas Sholom and at the Columbus Community Kollel. There, they learned about Judaism and the changes in their lives that would flow from a conversion. As the Palmores moved toward an understanding of

Daniel Newman :: TNS

Duane and Deanna Palmore after their Jewish wedding ceremony being entertained with ‘shtick.’

Judaism, they realized they would have to change quite a bit of their thinking. For one thing, proselytizing no longer would be part of their world. For Duane, the “filing away of Jesus” was the final step. He began to move away from what he had learned his entire life, and concluded, “Jesus may or may not have lived, but if he did he was just another Jewish man.” Deanna came from a non-denominational, mixed Christian background with no strong grounding in Christian teachings. She said she felt no real loss of identity. Her only challenge has been dealing with her mother who “just loves giving gifts at Christmas.” Rabbi Rosenberg was especially “impressed with the sincerity, patience and respect” that the Palmores had for the process of conversion. Finally, after months of study, Rosenberg convened a Bet Din (court of three rabbis) to judge the sincerity of the prospective converts. The Palmores passed that hurdle, and immersed themselves in the mikvah (ritual bath) – their final

step in the journey. Duane said he has found nothing but friendship and acceptance at Ahavas Sholom. At first, he expected some prejudice. But Deanna reports that “people have been very open and nice,’’and talked to her the very first day she attended services. As a final part of their conversion, the Palmores have repeated their wedding vows to conform with Jewish law. They also have taken Jewish names: Deuel and Devorah. The they live in Eastmoor with their 4-year-old son, Isaac. Devorah works in the EView prescription verification department at Medco Health. “We are at peace,’’ said Duane. “The best is yet to come, and we are only at the doorstep of being servants of Ha-Shem.”

Duane Palmore (left) dances in a line with Kollel Rabbi Zvi Katz (center) and his father Kenneth Palmore during his wedding festivities. Daniel Newman :: TNS

JFS kicks off 2004 campaign Jewish Family Services has named Mary Weiler and Andrew Brodey as co-chairs for the campaign which will go through March. For info call Linda Katz at 559-0153

send brief info to: pr@thenewstandard.com


4

:: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

The

NewStandard An Independent Central Ohio Jewish Monthly

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The New Standard

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BIMAH

FROM PAGE 1 stories, make art projects and have a snack, practicing the blessings over their food. Then they cross the Tifereth atrium to the chapel, where they learn the rituals surrounding a Torah reading. Sam and his classmates open the ark, carry the Torah, undress the scrolls and don tallitot in order to come up to the small bimah and recite the blessings glorifying God. Ben got something extra offered by the program: an aide who accompanied him to mainstream religious school classes at Temple Israel, from which he had dropped out. She sat with him and helped him focus on his work and control his behavior. On Dec. 27, Ben read from the Torah at Temple Israel as a bar mitzvah. He recited the Haftorah blessings. But instead of giving a speech, he presented the colorful pastel drawings he’d made from his Torah parsha (portion) and discussed them in front of the congregants with Rabbi Barnett Brickner. Last year, Sam also appeared before the community, the third boy in his family to celebrate as a bar mitzvah. He could help perform many rituals and follow along in his prayer book. He does not converse with people, so he could not give a speech. But the family came up with another idea. “We did a skit that acted out his Torah portion,’’ said Robin Menker. “It was right at the end (of the Torah), when Moses hands down his authority.” Marlene Tewner, special-educa-

Moishe Appelbaum (Appelbaum Photography) :: TNS

Ben Setnar likes to draw, and tutors from the Kesher program directed him to use his interest to present a d’var Torah during his bar mitzvah service.

tion director for the Federation’s Commission on Jewish Education, said the chief goal of the program is to include families. “They shouldn’t be left out,’’ she said. “Parents get so upset. They feel alienated and see all their friends planning bar mitzvahs.’’ The Kesher students, she said, “are

Tight quarters could lead congregants to new location odic dinner scheduled at the same time. Zack wants to accommodate those events, and add programs, including services for different age groups and a semi-monthly learners service for those new to Orthodox prayer rituals. Zack said the new building would likely would be built as a two- or three-story structure. Schiff said the board has looked at several locations in and around Bexley, taking into account where members live, so they can walk to synagogue. “This kind of in the middle,’’ he said. “Hopefully we’re appealing to the vast majority of the membership.’’

The New Standard is published and distributed by New Standard Publications LLC the third Thursday of every month and distributed to drop off points around the central Ohio area. Views expressed by guest columnists, in letters to the editor and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinions of The New Standard. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The New Standard is a free-distribution publication provided solely for the enjoyment of our readers. Any person who willfully or knowingly obtains or exerts unauthorized control over copies of The New Standard with the intent to prevent other individuals from reading it shall be considered guilty of a crime of theft. Violators will be prosecuted. Additional copies of The New Standard can be ordered through our offices at 614-237-3600 © 2003 All rights reserved. Reproduction or use of any content within without prior consent is prohibited

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learning to daven the tefillot. They are preparing for this special time in their lives. They are being prepared to participate in any way they can as a member of the community…It’s amazing to see how people can grow with a little nurturing.’’ For information about Kesher, call the Columbus Jewish Federation at 614-237-7686.

Daniel Newman :: TNS

Torat Emet board members are negotiating to buy three apartment buildings across the street from the synagogue. They would be torn down to make space for a new building.

By Ruth Portnoy

TH E N EW STAN DAR D

Torat Emet, also known as Main Street Synagogue, is looking for land to hold a larger facility, and it appears a deal could be final at the end of this month. The board is in contract to buy three apartment buildings on the north side of Main Street, across from the synagogue, said Torat Emet President Michael Schiff. The apartments would be razed and a synagogue built on that land. Participation in events at the synagogue, 2375 E. Main Street., has grown over its first three years, with as many as 150 families paying dues at some

level, said Rabbi Howard Zack. The current building, approximately 6,000 square feet, isn’t adequate for all events. “We are doing a tremendous amount in spite of the physical limitations,’’ said Zack. The current building consists of a main sanctuary, which also is used as a social hall, a suite of five rooms used as offices, a coat room and a bathroom and two small kitchens. On the first night of Chanukah 155 people attended a dinner there. The following week on Shabbat, 350 people attended services. For Kiddush, they moved to the Capital University athletic center. Sundays are especially busy, with two or three study programs and peri-

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COLUMBUS & OHIO

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

5

Iraqi Jews recall their struggle and cherish a better life in America By Susan Schubert TH E N EW STAN DAR D

“Iraqi Jews will never go back to live in Iraq but they will visit,” says Amira Bernstein. With relief in her voice, Bernstein, 62, continues, “Everyday I’m in the U.S., I’m thankful I’m here and not there. Even though you’re born in a country, that’s not enough to make you feel a part of it. After the establishment of the state of Israel and a big pogrom in 1941, Iraq wasn’t hospitable to Jewish people. There were always pockets of acceptance, but that could change on a dime. The feeling of danger would never leave. We were never safe there.” Bernstein has been living in the United States since 1963, first in Cincinnati, and then in Columbus. She and Carmela Greenberg are two local women who personify what is left of the Iraqi Jewish community. It is scattered and it is dwindling. At the height of its preeminence in the 20th century, the Iraqi Jewish community numbered 150,000 people. Today there are less than a handful of elderly Iraqi Jews left in the country. “I hope there will be a democracy in Iraq with a more moderate regime; it would be really good for women,” Greenberg said. She left Iraq with her family in 1951 when she was an infant. She has watched recent events in her native land with hope, but wonders if real change can happen in the long term. “I’m skeptical but hopeful about Iraq’s future because it’s very hard to change the regime,’’ she said “Maybe with the help of the U.S. But it’s an Arab country that has been so hostile to Israel and the Jews. I’m hopeful maybe there will be some changes and it will be good for the whole region. Maybe I’ll be able to visit one day and find my roots.” Bernstein’s family – including two older brothers– lived in Iraq through troubled times of persecution. She recalls the days after the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, when Iraqi Jewish families were housebound with fear. At that time the country was ruled by a monarchy, with latest member, King Faisal II in power, and there was little tolerance for anyone who was not a Muslim. Bernstein’s family could not safely travel through the streets. The family passed the time playing dominoes and backgammon and secretly listening to news on radio channels banned by the Iraqi government. Bernstein’s mother wore an Abaya, a black heavy silk head-to-toe cover, with a Pushi, a light black face cover, so she could do the marketing safely. The terrifying memories of the 1941 pogrom when more than 400 Jews were killed and many women raped, were still fresh in the minds of Jews. Luckily, the hospitality of Bernstein’s Muslim neighbors gave them a measure of protection. Their Muslim landlord moved into their house with one of his wives. Muslim neighbors stood guard with guns. Bernstein said the situation did begin to improve. King Faisal, 18 years old at the time, was killed in a coup in 1958, and Abed-Al-Karim Kassem, a military leader, succeeded in installing another dictatorship government. “This time, it was a government that looked kindly on the remaining few Jewish people,” said Bernstein. “For the first time in years, we were allowed to get passports and to move freely in the country and abroad. Many people left for good, but others still stayed behind. After a ban of almost 10 years, Jews were allowed once again to go to colleges.’’ They fled Iraq in great numbers. Bernstein’s family stayed behind. Her father was a teacher, a chazzan and half-owner of a print shop. “He stayed behind because there were very few people left to fulfill the life cycle events to the community,” Bernstein said. “He was extremely learned in the Torah. I remember the chief Rabbi, Hakham Sassoon, always called him to debate a point on Jewish law.” Bernstein left Iraq by herself in 1963 seeking a husband and an education. At the time, her father and mother could see only a bleak future. She attended the University of Cincinnati. There, her roommates were eight American girls she met through a newspaper advertisement. Most of them worked. She was the only student. Yet they took it upon themselves to educate the Iraqi girl. They taught Bernstein how to drive and

she learned about American culture. She went to Camp Livingston for young adults and met her Columbusborn husband, Jack, there. After her father died in 1969, the rest of Bernstein’s family moved to the United States. Her brothers now live in Cincinnati. Bernstein’s mother, finally able to get a passport because she was over 60, lived with Jack and Bernstein and helped raise their children until she passed away in 1998 at age100. Greenberg, though only an infant when her family left Iraq, has learned through reading and talking to her family how ardent they were about the state of Israel. Her mother, father and four sisters embraced Zionist ideals of Israel as the Biblical land of milk and honey and sang Zionist songs. Some of her family was imprisoned for awhile for suspicion of hiding ammunition in her grandmother’s basement. She has heard the story many times: The Iraqi government finally allowed Jewish families to leave Iraq if they abandoned their bank accounts, homes, furniture and jewelry and took only one bag each. A week before the families were airlifted to Israel, Iraqi families went inside Jewish homes to live. They looted all the furniture. Greenberg’s family first went to Israel, but life without money was a shock. The family of seven had to endure the humiliation of primitive ma’abarot (transit camps) set up by Israel for the immigrants. Her grandmother begged to work in an Israeli hospital because she was a respected midwife in Iraq. But now she was an immigrant with nothing. Her mother was educated and felt worthless because of the language barrier and life in the camps. Yet life gradually sweetened for the Jewish immigrants in both Israel and the United States. Both women eventually found what they were seeking – jobs and family life in a place safe for Jews. Greenberg wanted an adventure. She decided to move to New York. There, she got her degree and became a dental hygienist. She also met her husband, Lenny, through friends. The couple moved to his hometown of Bexley in the 1990’s where she is was a dental hygienist and teacher at Columbus Torah Academy. They now have a son and two daughters. Greenberg stays home to care for her 6 year-old daughter Ilana. Bernstein is a biochemist at Chemical Abstracts. She and Jack are proud of the fact that both of their sons, David, 37, and Steven, 34, are married to Jewish girls. The women watch the news of U.S. intervention in their native land. They note what is not usually talked about – the dismal state of the Iraqi Jewish

Moishe Appelbaum (Appelbaum Photography) :: TNS

Amira Bernstein’s family struggled for years before leaving Iraq.

community. The few who still live there are old and poor. Bernstein said the boys typically leave for college abroad. The girls stay in Iraq to care for their elderly parents. There are no men to Upcoming Events: marry. Most of Jews From Arab Lands the remaining Photography depicting Jewish life in Iraq men are older, and Libya between the 1920’s – 50’s, staying behind and their arrival to transit camps in to protect their Israel. Hillel, OSU 46 E. 16th Ave. Call property.. Valerie at 294-4797 Bernstein hopes the Iraqi Forget Baghdad: Jews and Arabs – The people can adapt Iraqi Connection to a new way of Documentary about Iraqi Jewish exiles. thinking. Film followed by discussion with “There’s a lot Professor Hathaway, History, and Dr. of hope in every- Horowitz, Melton Center. 2 pm. Wexner body to rebuild,” Center For The Arts. 1871 N.High St. she said. “It will Call 292-0967. take a long time. If you hit Iraqis with democracy, they wouldn’t know what that it is. The concept is very foreign. They’ve been raised with a dictatorship. They’d like somebody to be a dictator.” Jews in particular need to relearn a sense of independence. They have relied on Jewish aid as well as their Christian and Muslim neighbors. Many of the remaining community members have left. In July 2003, the Jewish Agency for Israel and the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society rescued six members of the community See IRAQI Page 28 Carmela Greenberg prepares Iraqi cookies


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:: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

The New Standard

COLUMBUS & OHIO

Tall orders in the search for leadership at two area synagogues By Ruth Portnoy

TH E N EW STAN DAR D

Two congregations are nearing the end of their rabbi searches. Beth Jacob, 1223 College Ave., is considering four candidates to succeed Rabbi David Stavsky, who announced he will retire as soon as a new rabbi is found. Two already have visited the synagogue, said search committee chairman Rafe Wenger. Temple Israel, 5419 E. Broad St., is looking at three finalists and the board expects to hire a new rabbi by the end of February, said search committee cochairman Fred Summer. The new head clergyman will succeed Rabbi Arthur Nemitoff, who left in the summer for his native Kansas City, Mo., after eight years with the East Side congregation.

. Beth Jacob board members are unsure when they will complete the search process, said Wenger. Rabbi Stavsky is still working, but is ill with pancreatic cancer. Both congregations are looking for inspirational leaders with qualities their congregations have defined. At Beth Jacob, with 280 members, “the shul very much forms a community. You really want them to integrate as part of the community,’’ said Wenger. He said the committee is seeking a married candidate well versed in Torah with two to three years of pulpit experience. “We were looking for somebody modern- or centrist-Orthodox who has strong leadership abilities and could work with Rabbi Stavsky. And for some-

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priority is really providing for the spiritual needs of the congregation, to make our temple a place where people want to belong.” Rabbi Barnett Brickner has been serving as interim rabbi at Temple Israel since July 1, said Summer. He has not applied for the permanent position. Stavsky has served Beth Jacob for nearly 47 years.

CTA’s got game The Lions of Columbus Torah Academy were undefeated until Jan. 12, when CTA suffered its first loss. The Lions varsity boys basketball is now 6-1 in their schedule, winning handily against Excel Academy 64-47 on Jan. 14. Photo: Columbus Torah Academy senior Yonah Shapiro, left, drives past defender from Muskingum Christian Academy.

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body who could be a good role model for youth,’’ Wenger said. Temple Israel, a Reform temple of more than 750 families, wants someone with five years of experience “who’s welcoming, warm, outgoing, comforting, able to mobilize resources, as well as a stimulating and thought-provoking teacher,” said Summer. “And someone who has good rapport with the congregation, and is a dynamic speaker. The top

GUNS

FROM PAGE 1 While Goodman acknowledged that Jews probably oppose concealed weapons in greater numbers than the general population opposes them, he didn't attribute that difference to religion. Instead, he linked it to another demographic. The idea of legalizing hidden guns has big support in rural areas, Goodman noted. Urban and suburban voters tend to oppose it, and that's where most Ohio Jews happen to live. The legislature's third Jewish member, Sen. Marc Dann, a Liberty Democrat, says demographics are the precise reason he voted for the concealed weapons bill. His northeastern Ohio district contains many farm areas in Trumbull and Ashtabula counties, and he noted a majority of his constituents believe strongly in the Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms. "My mother is adamantly opposed to the bill, and I told her to call her state senator -- Fingerhut," said Dann with a laugh. He explained that his mother's opposition was linked to the gun safety program of the National Council of Jewish Women, which teaches children not to play around with guns if they or their friends find them around the house. Still, with few Jews or gun control activists in his district, Dann felt a "yes" vote on the concealed weapons bill -- especially with required criminal background checks and gun safety training -- best represented his constituents. "There are so few Jews in my district, I'm kind of an ambassador for Judaism," he said. Jews in Ohio probably oppose the concealed weapons law by a margin of about 70 to 30 percent, said Fingerhut and Garver-Keller. But they both acknowledged the minority position which, in itself, has a Jewish connection. The website of a national group, "Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership," aims at "educating the Jewish community about the historical evils that Jews have suffered when they have been disarmed." The JPFO

maintains that, with more weapons, Jews could have better fought against Nazi persecution. The group also cites "undisputable proof that the U.S. Gun Control Act of 1968 was patterned directly after Nazi 'gun control' laws." “If anybody should be in favor of the ability to protect his person, it should be a Jew,’’ said Berwick resident Jonathon Cassell. “The bottom line is that in the 20th century, somewhere between 120 and 150 million people were murdered by their own governments…The constitutional right for people to have some means of defending their lives is important…No government can become truly oppressive without first disarming its people.’’ But the American Jewish Congress still maintains its 1999 Web page advocating strict gun controls. The page was designed after student-led shootings at Columbine High School in Colorado. “It’s pretty obvious,’’ said Lois Waldman, co-director of the congress’ commission on law and social action. Allowing people to carry guns, “just makes violence that much easier.’’ But Cassell maintained that "fears expressed here in Ohio were also expressed in other states prior to passing their concealed weapons previsions and there was not a rash of blood in the streets. In fact violent crime went down," he said. Waldman disagrees with the JPFO’s reasoning that citizens have to be ready at all times protect themselves against their own governments. “We’re nowhere near that in the United States, thankfully,’’ she said. “I don’t think our psyche is so threatened that we have to carry a gun to make ourselves more comfortable.’’ Gov. Bob Taft signed the concealed weapons bill into law Jan. 8, two days after legislators passed it. It goes into effect in 90 days. Synagogues and other houses of worship are on the list of places where concealed weapons will continue to be illegal. Ruth Portnoy contributed to this story.


The New Standard

U.S. digest Rabbis protest house demolitions A rabbinical human-rights group protested Israel’s razing of Palestinian homes. Rabbis for Human RightsNorth America delivered a letter by 300 rabbis to Israeli government offices in Washington and New York blasting the upcoming trial of Rabbi Arik Ascherman, executive director of the group’s Israeli chapter, for trying to block demolitions of Palestinian homes in the West Bank last spring. The rabbis, spanning the denominational spectrum, want the charges dropped because they say the demolition policy violates Jewish morals and Zionist ideals. O.U. lauds Bush on vouchers The Orthodox Union praised President Bush’s pledge to seek $50 million for school vouchers. The Orthodox Union says Bush’s call shows that he ``understands a fundamental principle, which Judaism has taught for centuries, that children learn best when their parents guide their education.” Many Jewish groups fear vouchers, which provide government money for children to attend private or parochial schools, would break down the constitutional wall separating church and state. Dialing for peace Americans can dial a 900 number to talk to Israelis and Palestinians about life during the intifada. Hello Peace, a program of the Parents Circle, a forum for tolerance and reconciliation between Israelis and Palestinians, will expand its service to America. Since the service began in Israel in Oct. 2002, more than 600,000 callers have used the dollarper-minute, English-language line to talk about their pain, anger and hope. ``There can’t be a successful peace agreement without integral reconciliation between the two nations, so any dialogue we can promote between Palestinians and Israelis helps,” said Robi Damelin, a Parents Circle activist whose son was killed by a Palestinian sniper in March 2003. Hello Peace can be accessed by dialing 1-900-AT-PEACE. Saudi Arabian killed Jew in Houston A Saudi Arabian national in Houston Texas pled guilty to slashing a Jewish friend’s throat after undergoing a religious revival. Mohammed Ali Alayed, 23, faces up to 60 years in jail after the Aug. 6 attack on Ariel Sellouk, 23, the Houston Chronicle reported. Houston police did not find a religious motive for the slaying. Israeli design chosen for 9/11 memorial The son of a former Israeli ambassador to the United States created the winning design for the World Trade Center memorial. The Lower Manhattan Development Corp. chose Michael Arad’s design ``Reflecting Absence’‘ to be built on the World Trade Center site as a memorial to the victims of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attack. Not everyone loves a Jewish girl Urban Outfitters discontinued a T-shirt that critics said stereotyped Jews. The T-shirt, part of the clothier’s line of ethnic T-shirts, bore the slogan, ``Everyone loves a Jewish girl’’ surrounded by dollar signs, according to the Anti-Defamation League, which complained to the chain. The ADL praised the decision to pull the shirt, which Urban Outfitters said it took out of respect for the Jewish community.

briefs from JTA wire service

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

7

Beyond Columbus Kosher butchers: Our beef safer from mad cow disease By Joe Berkotsky

J EWISH TE LEGR APH IC AGE NCY

New signs spice up the meat section of the Hungarian Kosher Grocery in Skokie, Ill., one of the nation’s largest kosher food supermarkets. They reassure customers that, in light of the recent scare and media hoopla over mad cow disease, kosher beef is safer than non-kosher meat. ``Some people are paranoid. You tell them something on television, and they think that’s the way it is,” said Sandor Kirsche, the supermarket’s owner. Kirsche posted the placards in response to customer inquiries about meat safety following the reports of mad cow disease in the United States. Kosher food wholesalers and retailers, as well as top kosher-certification agencies, agree with Kirsche’s assessment that kosher beef is much less likely to be infected with mad cow than is non-kosher cuts. No signs were placed in the meat section of Bexley Kosher Market and according to part-owner Irv Szames, “business has not visibly changed after the scare.” Kosher food industry sources say that a combination of safeguards -- ranging from traditional kosher slaughtering practices to beef-purchasing policies -make kosher beef safer. Some predict that the mad cow scare could create greater demand for kosher beef from Jews and non-Jews alike. Menachem Lubinsky, president of Integrated Marketing Communications, which produces the annual Kosherfest trade show, said he expects that the mad cow scare will boost sales of kosher beef the way several outbreaks of salmonella in the past few years sent kosher poultry profits soaring. Still, industry sources caution that kosher meat isn’t immune to contamination with mad cow disease. ``I don’t want to overstate the case. Some of the procedures related to kosher mitigate against MCD, but there are no guarantees,” said Rabbi Menachem Genack, rabbinic administrator of the Orthodox Union’s kashrut division. His comment came after the union, the world’s largest kosher-certification agency, and Star-K, another major international kosher-certification agency, issued statements seeking to reassure consumers about mad cow. Those reassurances came after a Holstein cow imported along with dozens of other cows from Canada tested positive for bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE, a fatal brain-wasting disease similar to the human variant CreutzfeldtJakob disease, or CJD. Most reports of humans contracting CJD from eating diseased beef occurred in the 1990s in the United Kingdom. So far, 139 cases have surfaced worldwide. Like the United States, not all countries have strict testing regimens in place. Kosher food experts maintain that there is every reason to believe people should have no beef about eating kosher meat. While some of the dozen kosher slaughterhouses in the country buy their

Daniel Newman :: TNS

Tina Zions looks over the beef selection at Bexley Kosher Market

cattle at the same auctions that supply non-kosher producers, a shochet, or ritual slaughterer, would never accept a visibly sick cow such as the infected bull found in Washington, industry insiders say.

``An animal that is a ‘downer’ -- that cannot walk to the slaughtering place on its own -- would not be used,” said Rabbi Avrom Pollack, president of the See COW Page 9

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8

:: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

BEYOND COLUMBUS

The New Standard

Israel summit hopes to spur advocacy at OSU By Diana Kraft

J EWISH TE LEGR APH IC AGE NCY

To readers of newspapers worldwide, Israel’s West Bank security barrier can seem imposing, inhuman and provocative. Seen from a nearby overlook that shows how closely Israeli and Palestinian areas are interlaced, however, the fence may appear more comprehensible -- and that view may help visiting Diaspora students make the case for Israel more persuasively upon their return home. Organizers of the recent Global Jewish Student Leadership Summit said that exploring the complexities of Israel in person and on the ground are the most effective way to reach students -especially as Israeli-Palestinian fighting

enters its fourth year and Israel remains unpopular on many college campuses. ``This gives them the ability to go back to their campuses and start every sentence with ‘I just came back from Israel’,” said Alon Friedman, the New York-based representative of Hamagshimim, the student chapter of Hadassah. ``It gives them much more credibility.” The 1,000 students on the trip will be able to bring to campus a personal narrative that helps them explain the conflict to others, said the organizers, who included the Jewish Agency for Israel, the World Union of Jewish Students and Israel’s Ministry of Diaspora Affairs. Among the students at the summit were Hillel student leaders from campuses across the country, four from Ohio State University. They attended

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special advocacy training sessions co-sponsored by the America Israel Public Affairs Committee. Most mornings on their 12-day trip, they rose at dawn to read Israeli newspapers and hone their media- analysis skills. The students traveled the length of the Executive Director of Hillel International , Avraham Infeld (center) poses with country meeting OSU students (left to right) Kinneret Kohn, David Kaplan, and Samantha Burch both Israelis and atGlobal Jewish Student Leadership conference in Israel Palestinians, and don’t have a particularly politically were coached on dealing with media. active campus” in relation to most of the Video cameras were set up to record other schools that attended the mission. them as they practiced interviewing and Despite that, Burch feels that Israel public-speaking skills. activism at OSU is “one of the more Mock panel discussions were held effective and proactive forces of all the and students took turns playing interAmerican campuses” she came across viewer and interviewee, and even pracduring the week-long event. ticed speaking to hostile crowds. Baylene Wacks, 21 and from South Students said the experience would Florida, said coming to Israel will help them be more effective advocates at boost her advocacy efforts at George home. Washington University. ``I thought it was very effective,” said ``Now we can say, ‘Yes, I spoke to Samatha Burch, 21, a senior studying Knesset members and here is what is international studies focusing on peace going on’ I learned about the moral code and conflict resolution at OSU. used by the Israeli army”, Wacks said. Burch, one of the students on the ``It gives us a better foundation, hearing Israel advocacy mission, appreciated people within Israel.” that” we heard from a variety of speakThe summit emphasized positive ers ranging the whole gambit politiassociations with Israel. cally”. Blue and white T-shirts emblazoned After meeting fellow students from with, ``I Love Israel. I Want Peace” on other universities, Burch realized, “We the front and ``I am a Zionist” on the back were sold. Students are planning to sell the shirts at their home campuses. ``We are trying to reclaim Zionism” to show that it’s not ``a fanatical nationalistic movement,” Friedman said. Pins were passed out with the logo, ``Love Is Real,” a campaign launched by Hillel and chaired by famed sex therapist Ruth Westheimer. The plan is for students to use the pins as a conversation starter about Israel. Students have been encouraged to select at least one person on campus to give the pin to and share a ``love story” from the trip to Israel. Each participant also sent a postcard with the logo to a friend back home who has never been to Israel. In an attempt to give a human face to the Jewish state, students are expected to select a vignette from the trip – praying at the Western Wall, say, or developing a taste for olives -- and share it with friends and peers, said Wayne Firestone, director of Hillel’s Center for Israel Affairs. ``We have to win over the hearts of young people by dealing with their emotional attachment to this place,” he said. ``We want to make sure they don’t lose the fire” upon returning home. Avraham Infeld, Hillel’s interim president, was a driving force behind the campaign. ``Students in general listen much more to their peers,” Infeld said. If the summiteers share their stories, ``it will have an amazing effect.” In addition, being in Israel is the ultimate motivator for students to stay active for Israel, he said. ``It gives them motivation not to wait for Arab propaganda to react,” Infeld said, ``but to be proactive and share their stories.’’


The New Standard

BEYOND COLUMBUS

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

9

COW

FROM PAGE 7 Baltimore-based Star-K certification agency. If the animal were sick, it could not be considered kosher. Among other anti-mad cow measures, the U.S. Department of Agriculture declared a new ban on the use of such “downer” cows in meatpacking plants. Kosher slaughterhouses also typically use younger cows -- between 18-24 months old -- while the diseased cow in Washington is believed to be six and a half years old. A Kosher slaughterer also visibly sees every cow because slaughtering is a manual affair. Most non-Kosher slaughter houses do not observe each cow as it is killed. Kosher laws prohibit shooting or stunning cows in the head, a process in which a metal bolt is punched through the cow’s skull ``which may cause brain matter, where the disease resides, to be scattered to other parts of the body,” the O.U.’s Genack said. Kosher slaughter mandates that the animal’s throat be slit by hand, and potentially contaminated blood is drained away from the carcass, he said. These kashrut experts and others also say that many non-kosher slaughterhouses use a machine called the Advanced Meat Recovery System, which scrapes every bit of meat from a carcass -- including from areas near the brain and spinal column where BSE could reside -- and some scraps go into packaged ground meat. ``In the case of some of the treif (non-kosher) beef that’s out there, they use anything,” said Rabbi Sanford Abramowitz, president of Zalman’s Glatt Kosher, a wholesaler of premium

kosher cuts to supermarkets in the Midwest Bexley Kosher’s Szames said that Kosher markets have two advantages in keeping disease out of their meat. First, “we use muscle meat,” those cuts taken from steers and heifers, rather than the type of retired diary cow that contracted mad cow, Szames said. Second, “we are a small independent market we get limited supplies and we do not order fat…just pure beef” Szames explains. Many of the larger chain stores mix their beef with fattier parts of the cow, he said. Others, such as Star-K’s Pollack, said that 35 - 40 percent of the cows that arrive at kosher slaughterhouses end up not being used, as many do not meet kashrut standards because of other health issues, such as diseased lungs. Kirsche, in Skokie, said he had expected a drop in demand for kosher beef because of the mad cow scare, but that he still is seeing his typical $25,000 in weekly sales. Abe Hollander, manager of the meat department at Supersol in Lawrence, N.Y., another major kosher outlet, said he, too, has fielded questions from worried customers. But if the mad cow outbreak remains confined to a few states, he said, ``it should have no effect whatsoever” on the kosher beef industry. ``I don’t pay any attention to it,” he said. ``It’s the mad butchers you have to worry about.’’

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Sunday, February 8, 2004 FORGET BAGHDAD Director: Samir (2002, color, Arabic, English, Hebrew w/English subtitles, 114 mins.)

A stunning documentary that explores the history and lives of Iraqi Jewish writers now living in Israel Post Screening discussion led by Prof. Jane Hathaway, History Dept. and Dr. Amy Horowitz from the Melton Center.

Sunday, February 15, 2004 DIVAN Director: Pearl Gluck (2003, color, English, Hungarian W/English subtitles, 72 min.)

A wise and funny chronicle of the filmmaker’s quest to reclaim her great, great grandfather’s couch upon which Hasidic rebbes in Hungary slept Post Screening Q&A moderated by Prof. Paul Reitter, Dept. of Germanic Languages and Literatures with film director Pearl Gluck (pictured above).

Sunday, February 22, 2004 CHAZZ’N: A CANTOR’S TALE

Directed by Erik Greenberg Anjou (2003, color, English, Hebrew 90 mins.)

A work-in-progress being edited in the Wexner Center’s Technology Studio about American cantorial music as seen through the prism of the life of Cantor Jack Mendelson

Join us Sunday Afternoons in February at 2:00 p.m.

Post Screening Q&A moderated by Prof. Carole Fink, History Dept. with film director Erik Greenberg Anjou and Cantor Jack Chomsky.

All Films shown at the Wexner Center for the Arts Theater, 1871 N. High St., Columbus, OH 43210


10 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

The New Standard

BEYOND COLUMBUS

Saturday is a school day for French Jewish students

Turkey backs group’s program Turkey will support a worldwide campaign by the Simon Wiesenthal Center to classify suicide bombing as a ``crime against humanity.”

By Philip Carmel

J EWISH TE LEGR APH IC AGE NCY

When French President Jacques Chirac recently announced his support for a ban on the wearing of religious insignia in public schools, Muslims from Tel Aviv to Tehran protested the decision. But Jews didn’t. While Jewish support for the school ban -- which extends from Muslim head scarves to Jewish skullcaps -- reflects concern in France about a rise in Islamic fundamentalism, it also masks the fact that life already is difficult for religiously observant Jews in state schools. From preschool right up through college, virtually all non-Jewish educational institutions in France hold classes on Saturdays and Jewish holidays -- and French Jews are required to attend. Around 60,000 Jewish children attend non-Jewish schools, about 60 percent of school-age Jews in the country, according to Patrick Petit Ohayon, education director for France’s United Jewish Social Funds, the umbrella body for Jewish welfare and educational organizations. Like other French students, they get Sundays and Wednesdays off, but not the Jewish Sabbath. ``If you’re in a state school, you have to go, even if there are some Jewish children who just sit there and don’t write,” Petit Ohayon said. The situation undoubtedly is one of the reasons why those interested in maintaining a high level of religious observance opt out of the state school system. It also is why a ban on yarmulkes in state schools largely is irrelevant, since the vast majority of those who sport yarmulkes

Nazi archives to get a home Construction of a permanent home for a Berlin archive and exhibit about the Nazi secret police is set to begin in June. The Topography of Terror’s temporary building, which is open to visitors and researchers, contains documents and photographs related to the history of the Gestapo and the SS.

ORT International

Students at a Jewish school near Marseille, France.

go to Jewish schools, not public ones. Martine Ben-Samoun, a product of the state school system, sends her two children to private Jewish schools. ``I wasn’t observant as a child, but there were others in my class who kept Shabbat and they didn’t write when they came to school,” Ben-Samoun said. ``Sometimes the Jewish schools are very narrow-minded, but if I want my kids home on Shabbat and festivals I don’t really have a choice.” Keeping religion out of the state sector long has been a central tenet of the French republic, the result of decades of struggle

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between the state and the Catholic Church. That struggle came to a head in 1905, when the government ordered Catholic functionaries out of schools and expunged religion from public life. For the most part, French Jews have supported the state’s secular nature, believing that it enables religious minorities to be protected -- even though the law mandates school attendance on Shabbat. In 1995, a group of Jewish parents applied for their children to be exempt from school on Shabbat. But their legal appeals were rejected on the grounds that regular absence from classes by Jewish students would disrupt the schools’ routines. When it comes to Jewish holidays, Petit Ohayon said, the situation is a little better, if less formal. ``The official school calendar marks Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur as holidays, so Jewish children can be off school on those days,” he said. But there are no other informal arrangements when it comes to other Jewish holidays, he said, even though teachers sometimes agree to let their Jewish students skip class. Isabelle Feingold said she sends her two children to state schools ``because it’s part of my personal convictions and I don’t want them growing up with a ghetto mentality.” Feingold pulls her kids from school on Yom Kippur, and on Passover when it does not coincide with the annual Easter recess. ``The kids are so tired after Seder night, they’re in no fit state to go to school,” she said. Nevertheless, Feingold said the arrangement will work only up to a certain age. ``I can probably get away with this because my kids go to primary schools, but I don’t know whether I’d get away with it in high school,” she said. Conversely, the situation is easier for religiously observant Jewish teachers. With a 30-hour week, they are able to schedule Saturday as a regular day off from work. A 1967 legal ruling allows them to use annual vacation days to take off the Jewish holidays. Like most French Jews, Feingold said she never had questioned the system in France. She viewed it as a natural result of the state’s secular nature. ``France is not a multicultural society in the Anglo-Saxon sense,” she said.

Death threats in Germany Germany’s defense minister has received numerous death threats since he fired a general for supporting anti-Semitic comments. Despite the threats, Struck told the newspaper he would not have done anything differently. He fired Guenzel in November immediately after it became known that Guenzel had praised German Parliament Member Martin Hohmann for an anti-Semitic speech he had delivered in October. ``Any soldier who expresses himself as this general did has toreckon with the consequences,” Struck said. Anti-Semitism up in Holland Acts of anti-Semitism in the Netherlands more than doubled in 2002, according to a report released. Anti-Semitic attacks, including arson, assault and graffiti, rose from 18 incidents in 2001 to 46 incidents in 2002 despite an overall drop in racist and extreme right-wing violence in the country, the Anne Frank Foundation and Leiden University said, according to Reuters. Money from Gadhafi Libyan Jews are preparing to make millions of dollars in compensation claims against their former government. The Organization of Libyan Jews, in conjunction with the Israeli government, is preparing the case after Libyan leader Muammar Gadhafi said last week he would be willing to compensate former Libyan Jews for confiscated homes, buildings and communal properties, Leonid Kuchma. Class reunion -- in Libya Muammar Gadhafi reportedly will allow dozens of Jews who immigrated to Israel to return for a school reunion.Israel’s daily Ma’ariv quoted Rafael Luzon, a graduate of a church-run school in Bengazi, saying he received official Libyan permission for all alumni to attend this year’s reunion. Poisonous anti-Semitism Anti-Jewish slogans were written on the lawns of Tasmania’s Parliament House -- in poison. As the grass died, the message ``Kill the Jews” could be read in letters more than three feet high. Several swastikas also were drawn in poison. The letters were discovered by gardeners early this week, though horticulturists say the poison would have been putdown 10 to 14 days before it was discoverd. The offending area of lawn has been cultivated and re laid.

briefs from JTA wire service


The New Standard

Israel briefs Sharon expose A former aide to Ariel Sharon said Sharon knew about illicit funding of his political campaigns. David Spector, a strategy consultant who helped Sharon win the 1999 Likud Party primary, told Israel’s Channel Two television that the prime minister was involved in all aspects of the campaign financing -- including an allegedly illegal $1.5 million loan from a South African friend. Spector played a recording of what he said was a conversation between himself and Sharon about foreign currency transfers to Israeli bank accounts. Sharon has maintained his innocence. Arafat liaison dies Yossi Ginossar, a Shin Bet veteran who served as liaison to Yasser Arafat for several Israeli prime ministers, died of cancer at 58. Ginossar served since the 1980s as a key back-channel envoy to the Palestinians. He was forced to resign from the Shin Bet after being implicated in attempts to cover up the execution of two captive terrorists and accused of benefitting illicitly from business interests in the Palestinian Authority. Palestinian to get money from Israel Israel decided a Palestinian deserves compensation for damages suffered during the first intifada. Israel’s High Court ruled that Ossama Hamed can receive money for injuries he suffered when Israeli police fired rubber bullets at him in 1991. Syria accused of arming Hezbollah Israel says Syrian planes that brought earthquake relief supplies to Iran returned with weapons for Hezbollah. Israeli officials told reporters that Syrian planes carried missiles and weapons for Hezbollah after dropping off supplies at Bam, site of a devastating Dec. 26 earthquake. The weapons then were placed on trucks and taken to Lebanon. Israelis aided Mars images Israeli scientists devised technology that helped NASA beam images from the surface of Mars. Three Israeli graduates of the Technion -- Israel Institute of Technology formulated coding that has become the world standard for the type of video image compression used to send the Mars images back to Earth. En garde in Jordan Jordan’s fencing union allowed an Israeli team to compete at a tournament in Aqaba. The head of the fencing union originally had said that Israel’s two competitors would not be allowed to attend the international tournament beginning Thursday because their presence might lead to a boycott by Arab fencers. But the union reversed course under pressure from the Jordanian government, Israel and the International Fencing Federation. Still, the organizers refused to fly the Israeli flag alongside those of other nations competing, forcing the Israeli fencers to climb the flagpole todo it themselves.

briefs from JTA wire service

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

BEYOND COLUMBUS

Israeli attack on U.S. ship still debated By Ron Kampeas

J EWISH TE LEGR APH IC AGE NCY

Newly declassified intelligence reports on a deadly Israeli attack on a U.S. ship in 1967 reinforces Israel’s claim that the attack was a mistake -- and critics’ charges that it was an act of gross negligence. Historians at the U.S. National Security Agency and the U.S. State Department on Jan 12 addressed a State Department conference on the 1967 Six-Day War. The first panel, and the one that attracted the largest audience, was about the attack on the USS Liberty, which killed 34 sailors. The attack by Israeli Air Force planes and torpedo boats on the spy ship 12 miles off the Sinai coast on June 8, 1967, the fourth day of the war between Israel and its neighbors, has rattled U.S.-Israel relations ever since. Some survivors have joined Israel’s most strident critics in saying the attack was deliberate. Israel has maintained that its forces believed they were attacking an Egyptian vessel that had shelled Israeli positions in Sinai and was headed north to shell Israel. Both sides have maintained that classified U.S. documents would bolster their theories, focusing especially on NSA intercepts of conversations between an Israeli control tower and two helicopters surveying the attack scene. The NSA -- one of the most secretive U.S. agencies - finally released the intercepts last summer. This Jan. 12 conference was the first time the agency allowed one of its historians to interpret them. ``The intercepts to me suggest strongly that the Israeli attackers did not know they were aiming deadly fire at a vessel belonging to the United States,” NSA official David Hatch told the conference. ``In a careful reading, the intercepted communications between the air controller at Hatzor and helicopters dispatched in the wake of the attack show a progressive reversal of perception on their part.” ``At first -- confidence the aircraft were to inspect an Egyptian ship. Then -- signs that the ship might not be Egyptian after all. And finally -- growing evidence that it could belong to a friendly nation,” he said. Hatch cautioned, however, that the intercepts did not provide ``absolute proof” of Israel’s claim of mistaken identity because there were no intercepts of conversations during the actual attacks. ``We must admit that we cannot learn from it what the higher-ups knew, what they ordered or why they ordered it,” Hatch said. State Department historian Harriet Schwar made a similar point in her review of material from the CIA and other intelligence agencies, which was declassified for the first time at the conference. ``I saw no transcripts of the attack itself or any indication there had been such transcripts,” Schwar said. Still, Schwar noted that the CIA soon concluded the attack was a mistake. According to the CIA report, ``the Israelis were not aware at the time of the attack they were attacking a U.S. ship,” Schwar said. The report ``concluded that the attack was not made in malice but was by mistake, representing gross negligence.” The Defense Intelligence Agency and an extensive review by presidential adviser Clark Clifford concurred with those conclusions, Schwar said. Clifford’s conclusion was significant because initially he had advised President Johnson to treat the attack the way he would if the Soviets or Arabs were responsible -- in other words, as an act of war. The negligence charge has dogged U.S.-Israel relations since the attack. Hours after the attack, Israel expressed ``abject apologies,” but a few days later that was downgraded to ``regrets.” Israeli historian Michael Oren told the conference that an Israeli inquiry concluded that ``the errors committed, though unfortunate, were reasonable in a combat situation, and not criminally negligent in nature.” That was at odds with the conclusion

Naval Historical Center

Gunfire and rocket damage inflicted when it was attacked by Israeli forces off the Sinai Peninsula on June 8, 1967.

of the CIA report, which said the attack showed ``gross negligence,” and an angry note from then-Secretary of State Dean Rusk to Israel calling the attack ``an act of military recklessness and wanton disregard for human life.” Israel eventually paid $12 million in compensation to surSee LIBERTY Page 25

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12 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

CAMPAIGN 2004

Survey: Jews warming to Bush but many still oppose his domestic agenda By Ron Kampeas

J EWISH TE LEGR APH IC AGE NCY

U.S. Jews remain solidly Democratic, although support for President Bush has increased. Those results come from a new survey, which also shows sharp drops in Jewish support for issues dear to the Republican president -- including the war on terrorism and the Iraq conflict. The findings are part of the American Jewish Committee’s annual survey of American Jewry. The survey shows a sharp rise in concern about anti-Semitism in Europe; an increase in concern about anti- Semitism in America; strong support for keeping the words ``under God” in the Pledge of Allegiance; strong support for a multilateral U.S. foreign policy; and a small rise in support for the establishment of a Palestinian state. White House Photo by Tina Hager The survey was conducted by Market President Bush meets with a group of Jewish community leaders in the Roosevelt Room during Chanukah Facts Inc., which surveyed 1,000 Jews launch his campaign. On Iraq, Jewish support for the war by phone between Nov. 25 and Dec. 11. ``He has not been out there making dropped to 43 percent this year from 59 The poll has a margin of error of plus or his case to the Jewish community and percent a year ago, before the war but minus 3 percent. has been subjected to an unrelenting after the administration had made clear Though the survey shows that barrage of criticism among all the candithat it was planning military action. American Jews still are solidly dates,” said Matt Brooks, executive direcThe decline in Jewish support for Democratic, it also shows Bush faring tor of the Republican Jewish Coalition. the president’s Iraq policy comes after better than he did in 2000 against all ``In spite of that, he is doing very well months of allegations that the Bush possible Democratic candidates except among Jewish voters.” administration’s justifications for the war Sen. Joseph Lieberman (D-Conn.). The survey shows that 51 percent were based on faulty -- and possibly fabriBush would get 31 percent of the of respondents consider themselves cated -- intelligence. Jewish vote in theoretical matchups with Democrats, 16 percent Republicans and Democrats have accused the president Sen. John Kerry (D-Mass.), and former 31 percent independents. of diverting billions of dollars to the Iraq Vermont Gov. Howard Dean. The presiDavid Harris, the AJCommittee’s war that would have been better spent dent would get 29 percent against former executive director, said of the increase combating terrorism elsewhere. Gen. Wesley Clark. in support for Bush: ``We Brooks of the Republican Jewish Against Lieberman, Bush’s have to presume it is Coalition said low approval for the share of the Jewish vote “All this poll driven by President Bush’s president’s performance in Iraq would would fall to 24 percent, the change as the administration scored more does is reinforce policy, particularly with same percentage of responrespect to Israel and in the successes. He noted that polling was dents who said they voted for the notion war on terrorism.” completed just before Saddam Hussein’s the president in 2000, accordThat increase falls capture in December. that Jews vote short of the 39 percent ing to the survey. When it comes to anti-Semitism Republicans and support Reagan got in in Europe, the survey shows a sharp Democratic.” Democrats alike said they 1980, against an incumincrease in concern about the phenomwere heartened by the poll. bent Democrat Jimmy enon: Fifty-five percent of respondents Ira Forman, he execuCarter, perceived by some Jews as hostile said the problem was ``very serious,” up tive director of the national Jewish to Israel. Reagan’s support dropped to from 41 percent a year ago. Democratic Council, suggested the num31 percent in 1984, after tensions with More than twice as many respondents bers showed only slight improvement conIsrael over the Lebanon war and the sale said anti-Semitism posed a greater threat sidering the Republicans’ hard work in of AWACS airplanes to Saudi Arabia. to Jewish life in the United States than cultivating the Jewish community. The survey also shows sharp drops in intermarriage -- 68 percent versus 27 ``This is not a conservative, Jewish support for Bush on the war on percent. Republican community, and that’s what terrorism and the war in Iraq. From a The apparent contradiction between these numbers screen out,” he said. high of 85 percent support a few months the increase in Jewish support for Bush ``They’ve not made many converts, from after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, generally and the decline in support for anything I can see.” Jewish support for Bush’s war on terrorhis policies likely is the result of Bush’s Republicans said the numbers were ism fell to 59 percent a year ago and to stance toward the Jewish state. Bush encouraging, given that Bush has yet to 41 percent this year. See SURVEY Page 29

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election briefs Dean seeking more fence info Howard Dean said he wants to hear more information from the Israeli government about the route of its West Bank security fence. Danny Sebright, a foreign policy adviser to the Democratic presidential candidate, told reporters that Dean would like to be briefed by Israel as to why the fence crosses into the West Bank in some places. ADL: Keep campaigns Holocaust-free The Anti-Defamation League called on presidential candidates to keep references to the Holocaust out of the campaign. ``We have witnessed a proliferation of comparisons to Hitler and his policies, which have been parroted by supporters of both Democratic and Republican candidates,” Abraham Foxman, the national director of the ADL, said in a statement. Dean clarifies Hamas remarks Howard Dean repudiated a 1998 interview in which he said Hamas might prove more moderate if it took power in the Palestinian areas. The Democratic presidential candidate said that he now believes Hamas ``is an unrepentant terrorist organization.” Dean’s campaign released the statement after NBC News aired segments from the 1998 Canadian television interview. Clark promises Mideast peace Wesley Clark promised to bring peace between Israelis and Palestinians if elected president. Speaking at a pancake breakfast in Hanover, N.H., Clark accused President Bush of showing a lack of leadership in mediating between Israelis and Palestinians. ``I’ll be there, I’ll have my representatives there and we will bring peace between Israelis and Palestinians -- and that’s a promise,” Clark said. Bush touts faith-based programs President Bush touted his faith-based initiative. In a speech in New Orleans, Bush said he was “changing a culture” by making it easier for churches and synagogues to receive federal aid for their social-service programming. “Government will oftentimes say, yeah, you can participate, but you’ve got to change your board of directors to meet our qualifications, you’ve got to conform to our rules,” Bush said. “The problem is, faith-based programs only conform to one set of rules, and it’s bigger than government rules.” Several Jewish organizations are against the president’s faith-based executive orders, concerned that the programs blur the constitutional line separating church and state. McKinney considering rematch Former U.S. Rep. Cynthia McKinney is expected to run for her old congressional seat. McKinney is considering a run for her former seat, now held by Rep. Denise Majette (D-Ga.), who defeated McKinney in 2002.Majette’s victory was aided by donations from pro-Israel activists concerned about McKinney’s voting record on the Middle East. Jewish fund-raisers said that they would work to get Majette re-elected. McKinney has not officially announced her intentions.

briefs from JTA wire service


The New Standard

CAMPAIGN 2004

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

13

New Hampshire Jews are leaning toward Dean By Matthew E. Berger

J EWISH TE LEGR APH IC AGE NCY

In an empty room where a small party for the New Hampshire Civil Liberties Union is about to be held, Hilda Fleisher stands out. It may be her bright pink turtleneck sweater, or the fact that the 72-year-old is wearing braces on her lower teeth. Or it may be the small pin that reads ``Dean for America” on the collar of her fleece vest. When asked why she is supporting Howard Dean, the former Vermont governor, Fleisher’s remark stands out, too. ``I just sorta oozed into it,” she says. Fleisher, a lawyer and art collector in Manchester, says she did not choose to support Dean because he spent a night at her house, although he did. ``He cleaned the bathroom,” Fleisher recalls of her houseguest. ``He made his bed.” The reason she chose Dean, the front-runner in New Hampshire polls despite his decisive loss in Iowa, is because she thinks he can defeat President Bush next year, and that’s her top priority. Tough words from a former Republican. New Hampshire Jews look very different in real life than they do on paper. While the Jewish community of New Hampshire makes up proportionately one of the largest Jewish factions of registered Republicans in the country, the Jews here actually tend to vote Democratic in national races. And this trend appears likely to intensify this election season. There is a large number of Jews here who, like Fleisher, are frustrated with President Bush and are seeking new leadership. People in this state understand the influence they have over the national agenda by hosting the country’s first direct voter primary, which this election season on Jan. 27. Like their non-Jewish neighbors, many Jews here reach out to the candidates, inviting them to forums and seeking face time with them in order to lend their support and boost their voting numbers. Many of them remain undecided, uninterested in the nine Democratic hopefuls who make frequent stops to their schools, synagogues, shopping centers and neighbors’ homes, even as they express a strong desire to replace Bush. The only Democratic candidate who seems to have sparked any interest among Jews here is Dean. That’s in keeping with polls of voters up and down the state. According to the latest state polls, conducted last month by the American Research Group, Dean has 38 percent support in New Hampshire, with Sen. John Kerry (D-Mass.) second with 17 percent. No other candidate breaks double digits. Twenty-one percent of those surveyed said they were undecided. Many in the Jewish community here say that Jews do not vote as a bloc and do not participate in campaign events and forums specifically as members of the Jewish community. Instead, they say, the Jews here, numbering 10,000, less than 1 percent of the state’s total population of 1.2 million, are committed to their role as voters in the nation’s first primary. For many, the first step will be changing their registration. David Stahl, a Manchester political observer who has been active in the Jewish community, says Jews in New Hampshire traditionally have registered as Republicans in order to have greater influence on elections for state and national offices. ``Obviously, Jews have always tried

to be close to seats of power,” says Stahl, drinking coffee in a small pizza shop in Manchester, as campaign ads flickered on the television over his shoulder. ``The voting habits are largely Democratic, the registrations are largely Republican.” Stahl, 77, changed his own registration last month to independent so he could participate in the Democratic primary. In New Hampshire, registered independents can vote in either primary. It was only the second time in his life that he had moved from the Republican Party. The first was to support a friend running for the Democratic nomination for an open seat in the House of Representatives. Still, there are some Republicans who intend to stick with their party. Mark Gilman, president of the Jewish Federation of Greater Manchester, describes his politics on the Middle East as ``somewhere to the right of Ariel Sharon.” He says that he is seeing more young New

Hampshire Jews embrace the Republican Party and Bush’s stance on Israel. ``A lot of my social peers applaud his guts to try and do what he’s doing,” said Gilman, 44. He said these younger, more conservative Jews may be less known to the community because they are likely transplants who came to New Hampshire in recent years because of the growth of the technology industry, and many of them are unaffiliated with a synagogue and may have intermarried. Gilman said many of the Jewish Democrats backing candidates either are ambivalent on Israel or believe their candidate will take a more pro-Israel stand later on in the campaign season. But not all Israel supporters are voting Republican. Up north in Hanover, home of Dartmouth University, leaders of the Dartmouth Israel Public Awareness Committee are working to register students in New Hampshire to elect a Democratic nomiSee HAMPSHIRE Page 25


14 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

The New Standard

Editorial & Opinion The

NewStandard An Independent Central Ohio Jewish Monthly

O

Iran’s Victims

ur minds balk in the face of biblical-scale catastrophes of the sort visited last week on the Iranian city of Bam. As the earthquake’s victim count rises into meaningless strings of digits — 20,000 dead, then 25,000, then 30,000 and still climbing — we become numb. What, precisely, is the meaning of “limitless”? How can the human mind grasp such numbers? How can one heart contain all that grief? And so we seize on the little stories that encapsulate the bigger one, knowing that every life lost — or saved — contains an entire world: the infant found alive, cradled in her dead mother’s arms for three days; the 7-year-old boy found alive in the ruins and then suffocated by the mob rushing to extricate him. These represent the horror of a city obliterated. We measure our grief one life at a time. It is impossible to know exactly how many additional lives were lost unnecessarily by the churlish refusal of the mullahs in Tehran to accept help from Israel. Alone among the nations of the world, Israel was deemed unfit to assist in the desperate hunt for survivors. By singling out Israel as unworthy to join the human family in the most elementary act of decency, the Iranian regime demonstrated nothing but its own indecency. Sadly, its act of demonization will resonate among Muslim extremists elsewhere, further inflaming hatred of the Jewish state and guaranteeing that more mothers, both Jewish and Muslim, will continue weeping for children unnecessarily lost in future tragedies. Beyond its appalling cruelty, there was a bitter irony in the Iranian decision. Israel’s search-and-rescue teams are more skilled than perhaps any in the world at finding survivors and extricating them from the rubble of collapsed buildings. Compounding the irony, those rescue skills have been honed through years of painful experience, forced on the Jewish state by armies of terrorist bombers, many of them dispatched by Iran. Israel’s president, Moshe Katsav, had it right when he called on his nation’s citizens to overlook the regime’s slight and to find ways of assisting the survivors through donations to international organizations. The victims of the earthquake do not deserve to be punished for the indecency of their rulers. American Jews and other friends of Israel should respond in the same manner, by digging deep and doing all they can to help. The best answer to inhumanity is a vigorous reassertion of humanity. The preceeding was an editorial orginally from the Forward, www.forward.com which was reprinted by permission.

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Be fair in criticizing the media o P - E d

DAVID BERNSTEIN No subject seems to seize Jewish passions like the issue of media bias -- both real and imagined -- against Israel. On a recent visit to a synagogue in Guatemala, of all places, I was questioned over and over by the American media-obsessed Guatemalan Jews on such matters as: “How come Fox News is pro-Israel and CNN is anti-Israel?” You’d have thought I was in a synagogue in Rockville. During the Israel Defense Forces’ incursions into Palestinian Authority-controlled territories last spring, when Israel seemed to be on the front pages every day, usually in a negative light, the major media outlets were literally deluged by angry Jews. Several veteran editors who received this e-mail bombardment said they never, in their entire careers, saw anything like the sheer quantity of complaints. That’s a good thing: media coverage is very important and deserves our attention and response -- if it is done intelligently. Indeed, at the height of Israel’s media exposure, AJCommittee and other groups held focus groups with non-Jewish Washington elites, the kind of people who read newspapers and watch the news. Ominously, we detected some slippage among these elites in support for the Jewish state. Many in the pro-Israel community properly concluded that they could no longer stand idly by as Israel’s reputation was unduly tarnished by unfair media coverage. In addition to stepped-up efforts by the organized pro-Israel community, this recognition spawned a powerful, even if unwieldy, pro-Israel grassroots response to the perceived media bias. That’s the good news. The problem is that while some of these grassroots e-mails and phone calls to media outlets presented sound critiques of the media coverage, numerous others did not. Many of the e-mails sent were self-defeating because, I have been told by those who received them, they lacked common courtesy and civil demeanor.

That’s too bad, because for all the supposed political maturity of the Jewish community, people should know better. Yelling or hurling epithets may make a person feel better, but it is anything but persuasive. And remember: The goal is to persuade. This kind of invective also crowds out the more reasonable critiques because some editors prefer to print shrill commentary for effect and even to make the writer and the cause look bad. So in approaching the media in the future, here are some stylistic tips you may want to keep in mind: 1. Don’t accuse the person or the outlet of “bias.” That highly charged indictment carries conspiratorial overtones, implying that these busy news reporters are secretly conferring on how to make Israel look bad. In case you’re wondering, that’s not how it happens. And while it is certainly true that many reporters and editors are ideologically predisposed to looking at the world in a way that may not always favor Israel, it simply does not help to point that out in your critique. Just stick to the news coverage. 2. Don’t threaten the editor or reporter. Even if you plan to cancel your subscription, keep that to yourself (if you are engaging in a boycott campaign, you should tell the publisher, not the editor). The people on the news side don’t worry that much about subscriptions, but rather about the quality and accuracy of the coverage. 3. Acknowledge the media’s complexity (and inherent messiness). It is no small feat to get a newspaper out on a tight deadline. Working at a frenzied pace, reporters and editors are bound to make mistakes. We are often unaware of the hurdles they face in getting a story out in a timely manner. The Israeli spokesperson they called for an interview may not have returned their call by the 4 p.m. deadline. No one story should be treated as the final commentary of a media outlet’s competence or objectivity. Expressing an understanding of this complex reality will buy you some credibility. 4. Compliment good media coverage. It’s not enough to blast ‘em when they’re wrong; you should let them know when they’ve done a good job. They appreciate it, and it will add to your credibility the next time you launch a complaint. 5. Focus on the facts. Nothing will sway media outlets like a good case that they got the facts wrong. A distinguished journalist at a major

See BERNSTEIN Page 18


The New Standard

OPINION

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

15

Sharon is abandoning the pioneers he put in place o P - E d

LARRY S. POLLAK This generation of Jewish pioneers, living in communities in Judea, Samaria and Gaza, is in danger of being driven from its homes by its own government. The media call them “settlers” and their homes “settlements,” and usually refer to the ancestral Jewish homeland not by its biblical names of Judea and Samaria, but by the geographic description “West Bank.” All of these semantic machinations have a political purpose. “Settlers” suggest a temporary, foreign presence and “settlements” connote a colonial outpost in someone else’s land. Replacing “Judea” with “The West Bank” is part of an effort to negate the ancient Jewish connection to this territory. The words the media choose to use indicate the political outcome that the media have already ordained. What about the human rights of hundreds of thousands of Jews living with their families on the land where Jewish history unfolded? About five percent of Israeli Jews live in what the media call “the occupied

West Bank.” There is no moral basis for making any part of Eretz Yisroael “Judenrein.” This could not happen anywhere else. If tens of thousands of people were “transferred” by the local authorities and forced to leave their homes because of their religious or ethnic background, it would be universally condemned today as a crime against humanity. A political party espousing this policy against Arabs has been routinely banned from competing in Israeli elections. No one cares if it is Jews who are “ethnically cleansed.” The Zionist pioneers, chalutzim whose courage and commitment should inspire us all, have become expendable. Winks and nods about “difficult choices” have given way to speeches and interviews that leave little doubt that the government of Ariel Sharon intends to dismantle Jewish communities, even without a negotiated peace treaty. This does not bode well for Israeli democracy, where the voters overwhelmingly elected a Likud government that appears to be hell-bent on imposing Labor’s policies. If the National Religious Party, National Union or other coalition parties leave the government in protest, Labor and other parties of the left are willing to keep Sharon in power as long as he abandons Jewish communities “for peace.” It is hard to account for the change

Brian Hendler :: JTA An Israeli flag blows in the wind at the Migron outpost near the Jewish settlement of Psagot east of the West Bank city of Ramallah. Some 40 Jewish families living in the outpost are preparing for a showdown with the authorities as the outpost is slated for removal by the government.

in Prime Minister Sharon’s mindset. He was the minister who implemented the vision of Menachem Begin. The effort resulted in a quarter of a million Jews living in the lands captured in the 1967 Six-Day War. Communities were built to strengthen the security of the rest of Israel, and also in areas of importance to the Jewish heritage, such as in Hebron. The Jewish claim to an undivided, united Jerusalem was enhanced by building new communities in and around the holy city.

President Bush does not support what he calls “Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank.” Much has been written about the close Bush/Sharon relationship. One theory attributes Sharon’s change in policy to appeasing the United States. However, America has focused on “The Roadmap’s” requirement that Palestinians dismantle the terrorist infrastructure, and there has been absolutely no movement by the Palestinian Authority to do anything in that regard. See POLLAK Page 18

Value of Chanukah should not be downplayed o P - E d

RABBI KERRY M. OLITZKY Growing up in America means accepting that the last six weeks every year are culturally and commercially dominated by Christmas. Despite the distractions of gaudy multicolored lights, shopping frenzies, and Santa Claus movies, you can still find the genuine spirit and warmth in many of our Christian neighbors as they prepare their family celebrations. What if Chanukah were as big and bawdy a celebration? What if the Jewish community were as “in your face” about our joy? Well, we’re getting there. And it could be a very good thing. Leading the charge are the Lubavitch Hasidim (Chabad), the Orthodox community highly energized for outreach. In almost every Jewish community, Chabad holds public menorah-lighting ceremonies—often in partnership with other institutions like Jewish Community Centers—that attracts tens of thousands of participants nationally. And while not as tall as the Christmas tree in Manhattan’s Rockefeller Center, these menorahs can be quite huge, sometimes requiring mechanical assistance: yes, rabbis in cherry-pickers. Are we over the top yet? The greatest thing about these and other programs is that they place Judaism in the “public square,” an important idea whose time has come. In

order to reach the people not walking and speaks to us on many levels. through our synagogue doors, we need Deeply embedded in our celebration to go to them. TV is the biggest public of Hanukkah—even when it becomes square we’ve got, and there is more extravagant in the eyes of some commuChanukah on television this year than nity leaders—is the notion of what the ever before. My own organization runs Rabbis call hiddur mitzvah, the beau“Public Space Judaism” programs that tification of the sacred obligations of celebrate Chanukah in local malls and Judaism. Not surprisingly, Chanukah shopping centers. Because that’s where is the second most celebrated Jewish people are in December! holiday, behind only Passover. For a lot of participants, these public Chanukah events will be their only contact with the organized Jewish community for the entire year. Studies consistently show that many if not most Jews prefer to celebrate their Judaism privately, in their homes, rather than by joining synagogues or community centers. So this onceyearly contact is an incredible opportuM. GOLDSTEIN nity for the Jewish Rabbi Levi Andrusier of Schottenstien Chabad house in a cherry picker lightcommunity to wel- ing a 10-foot-high menorah. The event took place in the city of Bexley’s public square on Drexel and Broad Streets with residents and the mayor of come newcomers. For that reason, we Bexley observing. should try to grow We can capitalize on this and help Hanukkah’s public celebration. grow the organized Jewish community I’ve often heard complaints along the through large public events, by invitlines of, “Chanukah is a minor holiday.” ing everyone to celebrate, regardless But tell that to the multitude of Jewish of affiliation, identification, or family families—especially those with young make up. These programs give the meschildren—whose lives are filled with sage that Judaism is accessible. They holiday lights during the darkest and allow people with varied connections to dreariest days of winter. Chanukah is Judaism to be part of something special, a major holiday in American Judaism, to embrace their Jewish connection out

in the open. The story of Chanukah itself is also related to this mission of public Jewish celebration. The triumph of the Maccabees was to maintain Jewish distinctiveness and ingenuity. Choosing Judaism, and choosing to participate in its many life cycle events, rituals, and moments, is key to the Chanukah story. Today, places where people engage in Jewish activity and choose to raise their children Jewish are places where Maccabee-like victories are being won. Despite understanding Chanukah as a “gateway” holiday, right now most institutions are happy enough simply having a lot of people show up to their events, without necessarily helping to bridge those individuals into deeper Jewish involvement. But to best utilize this precious moment of contact, trained professionals must “work the crowd,” identifying and welcoming newcomers. Personal follow-up is essential, as we learn of needs and guide people into services that meet those needs. Only in this way will Chanukah events reach their life-transforming potential. In this way, after the Chanukah candles have burned down their lights will continue to brighten people’s lives, through a warm and welcoming Jewish community. Rabbi Kerry M. Olitzky is a Reform rabbi and the Executive Director of the Jewish Outreach Institute (JOI), an independent non-profit organization dedicated to creating a more open and welcoming Judaism. He is the author of Making a Successful Jewish Interfaith Marriage: The Jewish Outreach Institute Guide to Opportunities, Challenges, and Resources with Joan Peterson Littman (Jewish Lights).


16 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

The New Standard

ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT MOVIES

Arts & Entertainment Melton Center’s film “Divan” REVIEW [FILM] O N

F I L M

SHELDON GLEISSER “This obsession with this couch is very pagan, very idolatrous. I don’t know of any precedent in Jewish history for this obsession over a piece of furniture,” says Yermiyahu Ahron Taub, an English and Yiddish-language poet, translator and librarian to documentary filmmaker Pearl R. Gluck in her film Divan, showing Feb. 18 at the Wexner Center for the Arts at the Ohio State University. This isn’t just any ordinary couch Ms. Gluck is obsessed with: This is a couch slept upon by many an orthodox Rabbi in the Gluck family’s ancestral home in Hungary. Finding the couch and bringing it home to New York becomes for Gluck a journey of discovery. Or at least a journey of upholstery. Raised in the Orthodox enclave of Borough Park, Brooklyn, Gluck’s childhood is filled with conflict. While clearly proud of her Jewish heritage, she rejects the role of the submissive, all-but-invisible Jewish woman thrust upon her by

her environment. When Gluck’s parents go their separate ways, she describes the event as “the miracle of my parents’ divorce” that allows her to explore herself, as well as secular society. By the time the film begins, not only is Gluck unmarried at age 27, but she is a filmmaker – a vocation the surely was difficult for her family to accept. Amichai Lau Levi, founder and creator of Storytelling, a revival of Jewish ritual theater, tells Gluck, “There’s something tragic, dramatic, realistic, about being a Jew who is leaving his family behind and his ancestry behind to become who he is. Because that’s the first thing the first Jew ever did. Abraham, who walks to the world stage as the first Jew, his command is ‘Lech Lecha’ - you know, leave everything behind. Leave your family. Leave your father’s house. Leave the familiar. Go on the road.” Gluck takes the advice to heart, and her journey, like Abraham’s, is not without cost. Her father takes her choice as a rejection, and they stop speaking for a time. When Gluck hears tales of the fabled couch, she begins to see reclaiming as an act that will bind them again, and perhaps redeem her in her father’s eyes.

a paradoxical objective that is both greater and less than it appears to be. Moore used the device of trying to interview GM chairman Roger Smith to uncover the economy of Flint, Mich., and the forces that created that economy. Gluck uses her search for the divan first as a way to illuminate her family and people, and next as a way to reconcile with her father. Like Gluck’s quest, the film succeeds in some ways and fails in others. Director Martin Scorsese has said that seeing his older films is like “seeing freeze-dried slices of my brain at different ages.” Like Scorsese’s freeze-dried slices, Gluck’s personal conflicts are so nakedly on view that at times one doesn’t know whether to applaud her honesty and bravery or direct her to a therapist, where such things can be done in private. No doubt this is an engaging, and in many ways illuminating film, but Ms. Gluck carries on a prolonged flirtation with Gonzo journalism without quite consummating the relationship. Perhaps it is easier to forgive inconsistency in a fictional narrative film because we’re better able to see them as “stories.” For instance, Philip Kaufman’s otherwise excellent The Right Stuff takes a rather bizarre turn towards Aboriginal mysticism to explain John Glenn’s lucky return to Earth. In documentaries, however, where we are more conditioned to seeing “The Truth,” tone problems can be a fatal flaw. Although this is still a film well worth your time, one could suggest that Divan would have been richer had Ms. Gluck come to a more definite decision about her attitude towards her subject, as well as the tone she wished to apply to it.

Journeying to Hungary to find the couch, Gluck gains a wider perspective on her Kosher Grail. When she asks a rabbi why rabbis sleep on divans, he answers, “to protect themselves from base desires.” Later, she interviews her elderly cousin who is giving her a tour of a home that was a synagogue prior to World War II. He points away and says, “Over there was the women’s section. When the women came to pray, that’s where they prayed.” “And after the war?” she asks. “After, there weren’t any women left.” he says softly. But Gluck tends to abruptly switch gears. She Pearl Gluck asks about mezuzah Pearl Gluck sitting on the object of her desire. hanging on the door Film will be shown at Wexner frame. “Is it to protect the couch?” she Center For The Arts. 1871 N.High says. At such times, she appears to be St. on Feb. 18 at 2 p.m. The screenchanneling the wise-cracking Michael ing will be followed by discussion Moore. with Director Pearl Gluck and Prof. Indeed, Divan can be placed in a sort Reitter, Dept. of Germanic Languages of unique sub-genre: that of the quest and Literatures. documentary. Gluck is much like Moore in Roger and Me, or the lost-in-the-sauce Sheldon Gleisser is a Columbusfilmmakers of American Movie, pursuing based film and video producer.

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ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

Nice Jewish boy seeks a wife on prime-time TV Mark Routenberg, a onetime minority shareholder of baseball’s Montreal J EWISH TE LEGR APH IC AGE NCY Expos, ``put together an amazing team and gave us the most incredible experiWhat’s a nice Jewish boy from ence of our lives,” Hersh said. ``We were Montreal doing searching for his soul given tours and saw many memorable mate on U.S. television? things. I would love to spend some more Harold Hersh, a 29-year old journeytime there someday.” man pro hockey player, may have been The Canadian Maccabiah team, asking himself that question of late. coached by Jacques Demers -- whose Then again, we won’t know for a 1993 Canadiens won the NHL Stanley while because Hersh, a participant on Cup -- won the hockey gold medal in the latest incarnation of ABC’s ``The Israel. Bachelorette,” isn’t allowed to reveal Now Hersh hopes to get just as lucky details until the final show airs. with Phillips. The fact that he even is ``I’m not allowed to say too much on the show is a victory of sorts. He yet,” he told JTA last week, just before was chosen after an avid fan of his the second episode of the series. ``All I - Jo Mason, a grandmother from Rock can say is that ABC has a lot of money Island, Ill. -- successfully and they control things pretty well as applied for him without his knowledge. far as letting information leak out.” Mason became Hersh’s ``away-fromHersh was mum on whether he home mom” makes it to the end when he played of the competition hockey in Rock and has the opporIsland three tunity to marry years ago. ABC, the bachelorette, which restricts Meredith Phillips, contestants to 30, an L.A.-based Americans only, model and makeup relaxed its rules artist. and flew Hersh to Handsome and Los Angeles for a affable, Hersh battery of psychostands 6 feet, 1 logical tests and a inches tall and background secuweighs 195 pounds. rity check. His hockey backThe episode ground was evident scheduled for the moment he Harold Hersh broadcast on was introduced to Harold Hersh hopes ABC can help him find a wife. Jan. 21 features Phillips during the Hersh and six show’s premier. He other suitors on a group date with presented her with a hockey sweater Phillips. According to Hersh, they ride with her name on it, courtesy of his All-Terrain Vehicles in the Salt Springs team, the Granby Predateurs of the Desert. semi-pro Quebec Senior League. ``She’s really sweet and much better Phillips seemed to be impressed with looking in person than on TV,” he said of the gesture, as Hersh made the first Phillips. cut from 25 to 15 eager suitors. Phillips Coming from a Montreal community indicated her choice by offering roses to that has a very low intermarriage rate, 15 men. does it bother Hersh that Phillips isn’t Born and raised in Laval, a municiJewish? pality of Montreal, Hersh’s mother, ``It’s more important that I be happy Bryna, is a longtime employee of with someone special than whether she Federation CJA, the Montreal Jewish is Jewish,” he said. ``I always felt that federation. if there was a connection with her, I’d He has played hockey most of his life marry her. If it’s meant to be -- even and made it as high as the Montreal though TV is a weird place to meet -Canadiens’ farm team in Fredericton, why not?” New Brunswick, where he played from Whether or not he wins, Hersh fig1995-1997. ures he already has gotten some benHersh’s experience at the 1997 efits. He has become good friends with Maccabiah Games in Israel may rank two of the other contestants and has among his fondest memories. As captain received e-mails from old friends who of the Canadian hockey team that year, have seen him on the show. Hersh had the opportunity to see Israel ``Some Jewish women have wished for the first time. me good luck with Meredith,” he noted, ``I haven’t really been that affiliated ``and asked me to call them if things with Jewish organizations in the past, don’t work out with her.” because that’s hard to do when you’re Hersh now has a Web site at http: playing hockey as much as I have and //haroldhersh.tripod.com, also thanks traveling as often as I do,” he said. to Mason, who is his Web master. Since Hersh has volunteered with fund``The Bachelorette’’ series began runraisers for the Jewish community. ning, he has received more than 60,000 But visiting Israel was something else hits. entirely.

By Bram Eisenthal

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18 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 POLLAK

FROM PAGE 15 In that context, pressuring Israel to make concessions seems counterproductive. Others contend that Sharon is following the example of another general-turned prime-minister, the late Yitzchak Rabin, in evolving from warrior to peacemaker, with an eye to his place in history. The problem with this analysis is that history may be unkind if the result is to undermine the unity and destiny of the Jewish state and/or endanger Jewish lives. Sharon’s initiative is unlikely to bring real peace, and therefore should be reconsidered. A third possibility is that Sharon has genuinely changed his mind about what is in the best interest of the Israeli people. His program of “Unilateral Separation” strikes some of us as a “Heads you win, tails we lose” coin-toss. If the Palestinians stop the terrorist violence, they will get a negotiated Palestinian state. On the other hand, if they do not stop the terrorism, Israel will unilaterally separate by dismantling Jewish communities contiguous to them and leave behind a unilaterallydeclared Palestinian state. How could Sharon possibly believe that this is in the best interest of Israel. In the days before Oslo, before the infamous handshake on the White House lawn, Yasser Arafat and the PLO called for a “one-state” solution to the conflict. The slogan was a “secular, democratic state.” Israel would be replaced by a “Palestine” that would be the state of its citizens, Jews and Arabs alike, with “one-person, one-vote.” It sounds so reasonable, one can almost envision the sons and daughters of kibbutzniks, ultra-orthodox and terrorists singing Kumbaya on the shores of Lake Kinneret or in the streets of Jerusalem. Some Palestinians have recently become nostalgic for the one-state solution. Arafat’s puppet “prime-minister”

publicly reasserted this old position early this month. It explains why Arafat rejected the two-state solution offered by former Prime-Minister Barak and President Clinton at Camp David. The Palestinians think they can have all of Israel if they are patient enough and maintain their very high birthrate. Of course, Israel would never agree to its own self-destruction. A one-state solution means di-establishing Israel and ending the dream of a Jewish state. Deputy Prime-Minister Ehud Olmert has come to believe that demography is destiny, and that Israel must unilaterally separate from the Palestinian Arabs proactively, to avoid the prospect of a one-state solution. However, Israelis across the political spectrum oppose the one-state solution and it is a non-starter. It is just the latest example of the Palestinian leadership poorly serving its own people. Instead of worrying about Arafat’s strategy, he should be arrested and put on trial like Saddam Hussein for his many war crimes. Abraham Lincoln delivered a speech remembered for the sensible observation that, “A house divided against itself cannot Stand.” Bi-national states simply have not worked anywhere on the planet: not with Czechs and Slovaks, not in Yugoslavia, not in Rwanda. It would not work in the Holy Land, either. Israel’s standing would be weakened by unilaterally dismantling Jewish communities. The Jewish pioneers deserve our support, for the same reason the Jewish state deserves our support. Larry Pollak is a Columbus attorney who frequently comments on the media’s portrayal of events in Israel. He can be reached at lpollak@thenewstandard.com

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Art at the center closes

Betty and Michael Klapper look over orders with customer Helene Cweren (center). Art at the Center in the LY-JCC will close its doors Jan 25 after opening 7 1/2 years ago. “We never paid ourselves a salary,” Betty Klapper said, “We mostly wanted to break even.” Klapper said that the reason for closing is that they would like to have the freedom not being tied to the store. They will continue to run the website www.artatthecenter.com.

BERNSTEIN

FROM PAGE 14 newspaper reported that, under U.N. resolutions 242 and 338, Israel was called upon to give back all the territories. When a knowledgeable reader challenged her on this interpretation, her editor later responded, “She was just wrong on that point.” Next time, we can only hope, the newspaper will get it right. 6. Make it short and pithy. If you are complaining to an editor, so are half the people on your e-mail chain, as well as people on the other side of the issue. Keeping it short will improve your chances at getting a fair hearing. 7. Don’t expect too much too soon. News editors are not candidates for public office, which means that they do not need to curry favor with you to get or keep their jobs. They also have a great deal of pride in what they do and don’t like to admit to fundamental problems in their coverage. American media outlets are simply not going to cover the news in the

manner we would like them to. The Washington Post is not The Jerusalem Post. The dirty little secret is that there is always a level of subjectivity in the news coverage, a value judgment inherent to the process of deciding what to report and what not to report. While we must strenuously make our case, it is unrealistic to expect that a news outlet’s value judgments are always going to fall in line with our own. The real goal must be achieving a measure of fairness, and we can help judge whether that standard has been met. The more thoughtful we are in our approach, the more likely we’ll get the desired results. David Bernstein is a native Columbusite who is currently the director of the Washington Area Office of the American Jewish Committee. He is a graduate of the Ohio State University and University of Dayton


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BEYOND COLUMBUS

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

19

A Jewish boxer who fought for his people DR. RAFAEL MEDOFF Jewish boxers are making a comeback, according to a feature story in the Dec. 27 edition of the New York Times. Several Israeli and Russian-born Jewish prizefighters are leading the resurgence of a phenomenon unknown since the 1930s, when the likes of Benny Leonard, Maxie Rosenbloom, and Barney Ross were prominent in the ring. But what is not well known about Barney Ross is that he was one of the first professional athletes to use his stardom on behalf of a political cause. Ross was not only a boxing champion; he also publicly championed the cause of rescuing Jews from the Holocaust and establishing a Jewish state. When his father was murdered in a holdup on Chicago’s West Side in 1923, 14 year-old Barney turned to boxing to earn money for his mother and five siblings. He eventually won the lightweight, junior welterweight,and welterweight championships, in a career that saw him victorious in 77 of 81 bouts. Ross became wildly popular among American Jews, who saw him as an antidote to the stereotypical image of Jews as physically unfit. Ross retired from the boxing ring in 1938, but was back in the public eye

just three years later, when, at age 32, he enlisted in the U.S. army after Pearl Harbor. In the battle of Guadalcanal, Ross was seriously wounded while rescuing injured comrades from a Japanese ambush. His battlefield heroics earned him a Silver Star. Upon his return to the United States, Ross championed a new cause, when he became a prominent supporter of the Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People of Europe. This was not merely another worthy charity. For Ross to support the controversial Emergency Committee took real political courage--the committee’s public criticism of the Allies’ apathy toward the Holocaust had infuriated government officials in Washington and London. In fact, the State Department repeatedly tried to have the Emergency Committee’s chairman, Peter Bergson, drafted or deported. At the State Department’s urging, the FBI opened Bergson’s mail, rummaged through his trash, and planted informants in his organization. Bergson, a maverick Zionist emissary from Jerusalem, used a variety of protest methods to press the Allies to rescue

Jews from Hitler. His group placed full-page ads in hundreds of American newspapers, organized public rallies, and staged a dramatic march to the White House by 400 rabbis. A Bergsoninspired resolution was introduced in Congress, urging creation of a U.S. government agency to rescue Jewish refugees. Together with behind-the-scenes lobbying by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, Jr. and his aides, the resolution persuaded FDR to establish the War Refugee Board. The Board’s activities, which included financing the rescue work of Raoul Wallenberg, saved the lives of over 200,000 people during the last 15 months of the war. Bergson’s Emergency Committee played an important supporting role during the crucial early months of the War Refugee Board’s work. The committee sponsored newspaper ads backing the rescue effort; provided the War Refugee Board with information about rescue opportunities; and dispatched two special emissaries to Turkey to assist rescue activity (one was Ira Hirschmann, the Bloomingdale’s executive). To raise funds for this work, the Bergson group organized an all-star “Show of Shows” at Madison Square Garden on March 13, 1944. Barney Ross helped attract publicity for the event by announcing that Barney Ross

he was personally paying for the tickets of 150 U.S.servicemen to attend. Ross also became active in another Bergson committee, the American League for a Free Palestine, which sought to rally American support for the creation of a Jewish State. He spoke at its public rallies and served as leader of its George Washington Legion, which recruited American volunteers to aid the Irgun Zvai Leumi, the Jewish underground militia (headed by Menachem Begin) that was fighting the British in Mandatory Palestine. The Legion was patterned on the famous Abraham Lincoln Brigade, which had recruited Americans to fight against Franco in the Spanish Civil War. One of the group’s newspaper ads featured a photo of Ross with this message from the boxing champ: “There is no such thing as a former fighter. We must all continue the fight.” In 1947, a group of St. Louis Jewish gangsters associated with reputed mob boss Mickey Cohen agreed to hold a fundraiser for the American League for a Free Palestine, on one condition--that the League provide Ross as the keynote speaker. In their eyes, the former boxer was the living symbol of Jewish toughness. League officials later estimated that thanks to Ross, the event brought in more than $100,000 for the cause of Jewish statehood. Dr. Medoff, who taught Jewish history at the Ohio State University from 1991 to 1993, is director of The David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies, www.wymanInstitute.org


20 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 Common locations Columbus Community Kollel 2501 E. Main St. 237-7133 Columbus Jewish Federation 1175 College Ave. 237-7686 Columbus Jewish Foundation 1175 College Ave. 338-2365 Jewish Singles 40+ Janice Jennings 866-3265 or jjennings@wideopenwest.com Leo Yassenoff Jewish Center (JCC) 1125 College Ave. 231-2731 OSU Hillel Foundation 46 E. 16th Ave. 294-4797 Schottenstein Chabad House 207 E. 15th Ave. 294-3296

Synagogues

Beth Jacob Congregation 1223 College Ave. 237-8641 Congregation Agudas Achim 2767 E. Broad St. 237-2747 Congregation Ahavas Shalom 2568 E. Broad St. 252-4815 Congregation Beth Tikvah 6121 Olentangy River Rd. 885-6286 Congregation Tifereth Israel 1354 E. Broad St. 253-8523 Congregation Torah Emet The Main Street Synagogue 2375 E. Main St. 238-6778 Temple Beth Shalom 5089 Johnstown Rd. 855-4882 Temple Israel 5419 E. Broad St. 866-0010

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TNS Calendar

JANUARY 25 Friendship Circle ski trip Volunteer network of teens providing assistance to children with special needs and their families. The Chabad Center at 6220 E. Dublin-Granville Rd., New Albany, from 10–4 p.m. Call 9390765/ email rabbimeir@friendscolumb us.com

ONGOING THRU JULY 31

BOOKS

Lawrence Weiner Conceptual artist Weiner inscribes an enigmatic message using black bricks inlaid into existing brick paving located at an intersection of pedestrian paths. Wexner Center for the Arts, The Belmont Building 330 West Spring St. near the Arena District, Tue-Wed: 11 am-6 p.m., Thu-Fri: 11 a.m.-9 p.m., SatSun: Noon-6 p.m.

JANUARY 28

ONGOING THRU FEBRUARY 27

Please send calendar entries to calendar@thenewstandard.com

ACTIVISM

Exhibit hours M – Th 8 a.m. – 6 p.m., Sun 9 a.m. – 8 p.m. Call 559-6225

mrubin@columbusjcc.org Art & Writing Contest U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, for junior high and high school students. Visit www.ushmm.org.

Friendship’s Circle activity day Volunteer network of teens providing assistance to children with special needs and their families. Fun- filled afternoon of sports, music and art. 1:30 – 3:30 pm. Chabad Center at 6220 E. Dublin-Granville Rd., New Albany. Call 939-0765 / email rabbimeir@friendscolu mbus.com

J-Link’s Book Bunch. Cartoonist Morrie Brickman Everything Is Illuminated by Jonathon Brickman’s cartoons often reflect Safran. Call Lindsay Folkerth at 559-6228 basic Jewish values. He created “The Small Society” from 1966 – 1984. FEBRUARY 11 OSU’s Cartoon Research Library, Nine Questions, Nine Months, Nine underground at 27 W. 17th Ave. Answers Mon. – Fri. 9 – 5 p.m. Call 292-0538 or Rabbi Ungar of Congregation Tifereth cartoons@osu.edu. Israel discusses issues covered in Dennis Prager and Joseph Telushkin’s, The Nine FEBRUARY 9 THRU MARCH 19 Questions People Ask About Judaism . Jews From Arab Lands Barnes & Noble Easton, 4005 Townsfair Photography depicting Jewish life in Way. Call 253-8523 Iraq and Libya between the 1920’s – 50’s, and their arrival to transit camps FEBRUARY 15 in Israel. Hillel, OSU 46 E. 16th Ave. Call Jewish Book Discussion Group Valerie at 294-4797 Discussion about contemporary FILM and classical Jewish literature. A different book each month. FEBRUARY 8 9:15 a.m. Congregation Beth Tikvah. Contact Janet Golder at Forget Baghdad: Jews and Arabs janetgolder@netzero.net. – The Iraqi Connection Documentary about Iraqi Jewish FEBRUARY 24 exiles. Film followed by discussion with Professor Hathaway, History, and Dr. Hadassah’s Study Circle, “Aleph Horowitz, Melton Center. 2 pm. Wexner Book” Center For The Arts. 1871 N.High St. Hunting Midnight by Richard Zimler. 1: Call 292-0967. 30 pm. Tifereth Israel. Call 235-8111.

FEBRUARY 10

DANCE

FEBRUARY 15

Citizens for Tax Repeal Find out how you and your family will be affected by potential tax cuts. Child advocate, Gayle Tenenbaum speaks on the topic. Hosted by National Council of Jewish Women at 7pm at the Katz /Fleisher home. Call Kim Friedman at 337-1516

ONGOING TUESDAY

Divan Film follows director’s journey in search for her family’s couch that was slept on by Hasidic rebbes. Film followed by discussion with Director Pearl Gluck and Prof. Reitter, Dept. of Germanic Languages and Literatures. 2 pm. Wexner Center For The Arts. 1871 N.High St. Call 292-0967.

FEBRUARY 1 Volunteer Friendship Training Session Volunteer network of teens providing assistance to children with special needs and their families. 7 – 9 pm. The Chabad Center at 6220 E. DublinGranville Rd., New Albany. Call 9390765 / email rabbimeir@friendscolumb us.com

FEBRUARY 7 Cooking for the Homeless Cooking session at 8:30pm. Temple Israel

FEBRUARY 8

FEBRUARY 19 Volunteer Event Speeds Friendship Circle volunteers meet for pizza and racing. 6:30 pm. Meet at Kaltmann’s. Call 939-0765/ email rabb imeir@friendscolumbus.com

FEBRUARY 20-22 Organ donor Shabbat Reform Judaism has long been an advocate of organ donation and we would like to share information on Matan Chaim: the Gift of Life with as many people as possible in our community.Sisterhood. 8 pm. Temple Israel

Israeli Folk Dancing A Hillel tradition continues! Free. Open to the public. 8 p.m. in Hillel’s auditorium, 46 E. 16th Ave. Call 2944797.

ONGOING WEDNESDAY

Modern Israeli Dance No experience necessary. All ages. At FEBRUARY 22 7 pm in Hillel’s auditorium, 46 E. 16th Ave. Call 294-4797 Chazz’n: A Cantor’s Tale Account of the musical and cultural EXHIBITS power of “chazzanut”; film interviews with celebrated cantors. Film JANUARY 4 - 30 followed by discussion with Director “Seeing,” A Photography Exhibit Erik Greenberg Anjou and Prof. Fink, Works by 23-year-old Sasha Fradin, History. 2 pm. Wexner Center For The combine photography and painting. Arts. 1871 N.High St. Call 292-0967.

Conservative Bet

Some charge that Alan Keyes,was axed from MSNBC because of his unabashed pro-Israel stand.

FEBRUARY 29

Keyes, the conservative author, fiery public speaker and two-time Republican presidential hopeful, will be speaking at Ohio State University as part of the Ambassadors for Israel project of The Schottenstein Chabad house.

Family Fun Day: Purim Carnival Volunteer network of teens providing assistance to children with special needs and their families. Games, crafts, entertainment, hamantashen, prizes and more! Chabad Center at 6220 E. Dublin-Granville Rd., New Albany. Call 939-0765 / email rabbimei r@friendscolumbus.com

The program brought Alan Dershowitz last fall and plans to bring Soviet dissident and Israel cabinet minister Natan Sharansky in the coming months.

ONGOING Book Collection Drop off new or gently used children’s books for the Reach Out and Read Program at Children’s Hospital. Sponsored by Pops Dworkin chapter of BBYO. JCC. Call 559-6378 /

Found your Keyes

Alan Keyes

Advance purchase only. 7pm. Ohio Union, OSU 1739 N. High St. Call 470-3127/chabad@osu.edu


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FITNESS & WELL BEING JANUARY 12 – APRIL 20 100 Days of Fitness 100-mile incentive program; promotes and rewards different levels of fitness. JCC. Call Jody Decker at 559-6207.

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 :: SATIRE

Qaddafi to give up smoking B O R O W I T Z R E P O RT

JANUARY 28 THRU MARCH 17 Co-Ed Sports Leagues Eight week adult league including basketball, volleyball, soccer and floor hockey. 6:30 pm. Call Jeanna Brownlee at 559-6274

TUESDAYS AND WEDNESDAYS Boxing Conditioning Class Led by boxing coach and former Pro and Olympic Gold Medalist, Jerry Page JCC. 6:45 – 7:45. Call Stacy Dyer at 5596217.

ONGOING TUESDAYS

ANDY BOROWITZ In what some White House officials are hailing as the successful result of months of backdoor diplomacy, Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi of Libya agreed today to give up cigarettes once and for all. “It’s a filthy, filthy habit,” said Col. Qaddafi, grinding a pack of Lucky Strikes under his polished jackboot. “I should have given it up years ago.” The Libyan madman, whom the White House now refers to as the former Libyan madman, invited U.N. inspectors to Libya to search his office for ashtrays. According to close associates, Col. Qadaffi is also contemplating destroying his stockpile of unconventional hats. While Bush administration officials were quick to take credit for Col. Qaddafi’s decision to stop smoking, experts

Kabalates Combines Kabbalah and Pilates (get it?) An intense workout for your body and soul. Class for women with a 10-minute Kabalah lesson by Sarah Deitsch. 7 - 8:15 p.m. The Schottenstein Chabad House, 207 E. 15th Ave. Call Sarah at 378-6217.

LEARNING

ONGOING THURSDAYS

FEBRUARY 7

LECTURE

Monthly Women’s learning group, Jewish topics. 1st Saturday of the month at different homes in community. This month Nava Lowy presents at Merri King’s house at 2808 E. Broad St.

The L’Chaim Chapter of Alcoholics Anonymous Meetings at 8 pm at Congregation Beth Tikvah. Call 885-6286.

JANUARY 23 Unusual Tales of Jewish Books & Their Fates Thomas and Diann Mann Distinguished Symposium Series; Faculty Panel Discussion: Professors Goldish , Meier, and Rudavsky. OSU, 122 Main Library, 1858 Neil Ave. 1:30 p.m. Call 292-0967. Rabbi Dennis Ross Rabbi Ross speaks about his book, which is based on the belief that our relationships with one another are holy. OSU Hillel, 46 E. 16th St. Call 294-4797

JANUARY 25

FEBRUARY 16 Yom Limud Annual learning workshop for educator and educational leaders, through CJF. 5:30pm. JCC. Call Marlene Tewner at 237-7686

FEBRUARY 18 Jewish Meditation Part of L’Chayim dinner series; a talk on the motivation and aspiration of Kabalistic meditation practices. With Eric Weinberg. 6:15pm. Congregation Tifereth Israel.

Columbus History Joe Cohen speaks on Jewish history of Columbus and gives an introduction to the Columbus Jewish historical society. 9:15am. Congregation Beth Tikvah.

FEBRUARY 22

JANUARY 29

FEBRUARY 23

Human Rights in The Middle East Alan Keyes, noted speaker and talk show host presents on Israel and human rights. Advance purchase only. 7pm. Ohio Union, OSU 1739 N. High St. Call 470-3127/chabad@osu.edu

Pardes Day of Learning Judy Klitsner of Pardes facilitates textual study on “sexual harassment and the education of Joseph” 22 W. Gay St. 12 – 1:30 p.m. Call Janice Epstein, 239-8932/epstein@beol.net.

FEBRUARY 4

FEBRUARY 23, 24

Yossi Jacobson Nationally acclaimed orator on: “Why Israel and not Uganda?” Call OSU Chabad at 294-3296

Pardes Day of Learning Judy Klitsner of Pardes facilitates textual study from the book of Jonah. 7 pm. Feb. 23 at Columbus Jewish Foundation; Feb. 24 at Columbus Jewish Day School Call Janice Epstein, 239-8932/epstein@beol.net

FEBRUARY 19

Miriam’s Cup Educational Program, with lunch. 12: 15. Temple Israel

Downtowner’s Group Lunch and discussion with Rabbi Huber. ONGOING SUNDAYS 12 noon. The Huntington Center, 41 th S. High St. 28 flr. rm. 28D. Through Hebrew Classes Congregation Beth Tikvah Beginners and Intermediate Hebrew for adults. 11am. Temple Israel

FEBRUARY 22

Adult Ed Morning Forum Prof. Amy Horowitz speaks about “Mizrahi Music and the Intersection of Politics and Culture in Israel.” 9:15am. Congregation Beth Tikvah

21

Daily services The community is invited to join Wexner Heritage Village residents in worship, with Rabbi Kozberg. For more information call 231-4900.

said he was probably motivated by a desire to return to the international community, which frowns on chain-smoking dictators. “The U.N. building, for the most part, is a non-smoking building,” said Dr. Jeremy Criswell of the University of Minnesota. “Qaddafi couldn’t get through a speech to the General Assembly without running outside every two minutes for a quick cig.” But even as world leaders praised Col. Qaddafi’s decision to quit his four-pack-a-day habit, his college roommate, shoe salesman Mustafa Fakude, expressed skepticism about Col. Qaddafi’s willpower. “This is just another one of Muammar’s lame New Year’s Eve resolutions,” said Mr. Fakude, who shared a dorm room with Col. Qaddafi at Libya State University back when the dictator was known simply as Bluto Qaddafi. “I remember when he promised to give up beer. Yeah, right! That lasted about five minutes.” Andy Borowitz, a former president of the Harvard Lampoon, is a regular humor contributor for The New Standard. He is the author of Who Moved My Soap? The CEO’s Guide to Surviving in Prison available at Barnes and Noble, Amazon.com, and other Columbus bookstores.


22 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 Learning Bet

By Geneva Ringel TH E N EW STAN DAR D

Rabbi Naomi Levy doesn’t think the writing of Jewish prayer is a lost art. “Prayer and the writing of prayer isn’t something that ended centuries ago,” said Levy, a former pulpit rabbi in Venice, Calif. and best-selling author. “People often think that spiritual creativity is something that happened a long time ago.” In fact, Levy doesn’t think prayer is the purview only of the most learned and artful practitioners. “I want people to feel that there are prayers that can be written about the most simple and mundane tasks: driving your car or worrying about your child or worrying about a job interview,” she said. Levy feels that anything from one’s heart or soul addressed to God is a prayer, even talking to God in the shower, in the car, at Bagels and More A potpourri of everything Jewish for beginners with Rabbi Katz 11:00 a.m. at the Columbus Community Kollel. No reservations necessary Not Your Average Maimonides Class focuses on less conventional materials about Rambam; topics include biography, views on life after death and more. Fee. Profs. Daniel Frank and Tamar Rudavsky. Fee. 10: 15 – 11:15 am. Congregation Tifereth Israel Black-Jewish Relations in American Lit. Explore relations between Blacks and Jews by looking at selected literary treatments of the issue; Prof. Steven Fink. Fee. 11:30am – 12:30pm. Congregation Tifereth Israel Israel and Its Neighbors: Are We Moving Backward or Forward? Study the latest trends in the Middle East and how they affect Israel. Prof. Donald Sylvan. 10:15am – 12:15pm. Fee. Congregation Tifereth Israel Dare to Daven Learn how to lead tephilot, taught by Rabbi Epstein, 8:45 a.m. at Congregation Torah Emet Parent/Child Parsha Program A family review of the week’s Torah portion for grades 3–6, with Rabbi Katz, 7:30 p.m., the Columbus Community Kollel Biblical Personalities Study of various personalities in the Scripture by Rabbi Doniel Pransky. 8 p.m. at the Columbus Community

work or in bed. “I think that prayer is an essential aspect of a relationship with God,” she said. “It’s a question similar to why should people talk to their spouses or talk to their children? Its part of what it means to be in a relationship with God.” Levy, author of the newly released Talking to God and the best selling To Begin Again, will be the speaker at the Cecilia K. and William Wasserstrom Memorial Scholar-in-Residence Weekend at Congregation Tifereth Israel, Jan. 30 through Feb.1. The synagogue is at 1354 E. Broad St. In Talking to God: Personal Prayers for Times of Joy, Sadness, Struggle, and Celebration, Levy provides both inspiration and guidance in writing and saying personal prayers. “Rabbi Levy encourages us to search for our own connection in prayer,” said Michael Ungar, assistant rabbi at Tifereth. “She reminds us that prayer is not just something for the rabbis and cantors; each individual has tremendous potential and power to form a relationship with God.” Naomi Levy will speak Jan. 30 at 6: 30 Friday night with a dinner and lecture ($22.50 adults/$10 child). She will speak again after Shabbat morning services on Saturday morning and will be the featured speaker at a Men’s Club brunch at 10:15 a.m. Sunday Feb. 1 at the synagogue. Patrons may help support the event and attend a reception at 8 p.m. Saturday at the home of Alan and Daina Wasserstrom. For more information call 253-8523. Kollel. No reservations necessary Talmud Class Tractate Shabbos after Shacharis, Sun. – Fri. Taught by Rabbi Ginsburg at Ahavas Shalom Parsha Class Learn with Rabbi Dick at 9:30 am at Agudas Achim Kabbalah: An Introduction to Jewish Mysticism Introduces the basic beliefs, practices and history of Jewish Mysticism through representative texts, stories, commentaries and testimonies. Taught by Rabbi Huber from 8 – 9 pm at Congregation Beth Tikvah The Midrash Says... Study of sometimes bizarre Midrash of the weekly Torah portion, with Rabbi Tuchman. 9 pm at the Columbus Community Kollel. No reservations necessary Women’s Torah Class With Rabbi Zack at 10 a.m. at Congregation Torah Emet

ONGOING MONDAYS Women’s Study Group A detailed study of the book of Samuel with Rabbi Katz, 8 p.m., the Columbus Community Kollel. No reservations necessary. Call 237-7133. “Know Your Torah” Learning at 8 p.m. at The Torah Center, 2942 E. Broad St. Call 235-8070. Chevras Shas Talmud – Tractate Ketubot, laws of betrothal and marriage. No prior experience is necessary; knowledge

The New Standard of Hebrew reading is helpful but not necessary. Fee. With Rabbi Berman. 12 – 1pm. Congregation Tifereth Israel Kabbalah Unplugged Learn about the secret power of prayer, with Rabbi Andrusier. 7:15 – 9pm.. $80. Capital University at 2199 E. Main St. Call 294-3296/JLIcolumbus @sbcglobal.net

ONGOING TUESDAYS Talmud (Mystical Aspects) Taught by Rabbi Goldberg. 7 – 8:30pm. Fee by donation. Breslov Synagogue and Kabbalah Centre, 2671 E. Main St. Call 213-8671 TNT (Tuesday Night Torah) Led by Rabbi Zack, 8 p.m. , Congregation Torah Emet Morning Brew of Parsha A review of the week’s Torah portion with Rabbi Morris, 8:40 a.m., Columbus Community Kollel. No reservations necessary. Hebrew Classes for Adults Advanced level, 7:30pm. Congregation Beth Tikvah, Yiddish Classes Intermediate, 7:30pm. Congregation Beth Tikvah. Jewish Family Life Skills, Part II Three-part course, covers texts and theology, making Jewish holidays and rituals relevant and meaningful. 6: 30 -7:30pm. With Shirly Benatar. Fee. Congregation Tifereth Israel Searching for Meaning in Ritual A series of classes to help build a deeper connection in your life to the practice of prayer. Cantor Chomsky. 9:15am. Fee. Congregation Tifereth Israel Senior Studies Mitzvah Medley. Learn about the 613 commandments or mitzvot that the Torah requires of all Jews, with Rabbi Yaakov Weinrach, 2:30 p.m. at the Columbus Community Kollel. No reservations necessary Beis Midrash Program for Men Chavrusa (Partner) studying of Jewish texts the way your greatgrandfather did. Facilitated by Rabbi Doniel Pransky, any block of time you have between 8:30-10:00 pm at the Columbus Community Kollel

STARTS FEBRUARY 17

Contemporary Jewish writers, taught by Prof. Steve Fink. 7:30 – 8:30pm. six classes. Congregation Beth Tikvah

ONGOING WEDNESDAYS Parsha of the Week (Mystical Bent) Taught by Rabbi Goldberg. 6 - 7:30pm. Fee by donation. Breslov Synagogue and Kabbalah Centre, 2671 E. Main St. Call 213-8671 Kabbalah Unplugged Learn about the secret power of prayer, with Rabbi Kaltmann. 8 – 9: 30pm. $80. Chabad Center at 6220 E. Dublin-Granville Rd. Call 294-3296/ JLIcolumbus@sbcglobal.net Introduction to Judaism With Rabbi Brickner and Rabbi Lefton. 7pm. Temple Israel Talmud Class Led by Rabbi Epstein, 8 p.m. at Congregation Torah Emet The Shabbat Table Tefilla class for women, with focus on rituals around the Shabbat table, blessings, and songs led by Linda Zack. Congregation Torah Emet

Lunch ‘n Learn Learning at 12 noon. Through Temple Israel. Alternates location between Temple Israel and 5th 3rd Bank downtown Hebrew Classes for Adults Intermediate level at 6:30 p.m. at Beth Tikvah, Sisterhood Study Circle: Religion in Modern Israel What is unique about modern faith in Israel, and what impact does that have on the nature of the Jewish state and the Jewish people? With Rabbi Berman. Fee. 9:30 – 10:30am. Congregation Tifereth Israel. Sisterhood Study Circle: Short Stories Discussion focuses on new anthologies: Lost Tribe: Jewish Fiction from the Edge and Joan Leegant’s and Faye Moscowitz’ newest collections. With Sally Brown and Paulayne Epstein. Fee. 10:30 – 11:30am. Congregation Tifereth Israel. Jewish Family Life Skills, Part II Three-part course, covers texts and theology, making Jewish holidays and rituals relevant and meaningful for families with children of all ages, for couples, or for singles. 10:30 – 11:30am. With Shirly Benatar. Fee. Congregation Tifereth Israel. Torah One Topic at a Time Understanding a Torah lifestyle and topics of the day with Rabbi Tuchman 10 a.m. every other week at the Columbus Community Kollel. Please call to confirm dates Mitzvah Medley (for Men and Women) Is a mitzvah just a good deed? Learn about the 613 commandments or mitzvot that the Torah requires of all Jews with Rabbi Weinrach 8:00 p.m. at the Columbus Community Kollel. No reservations necessary

ONGOING THURSDAYS Contemporary Jewish Issues A fun, relevant, Jewish learning experience at Teen Learning Center geared for 11th/12th graders 8-9 p.m. at the Columbus Community Kollel, 2501 E. Main St. Contact Rabbi Tuchman 237-7133 (rabbituchman@th ekollel.org) or Mrs. Esther Pransky 2311208 (ylpransky@juno.com). Chumash with Rashi Study the construction of the Tabernacle, its Ark, and its Menorah, and we will see how the Rabbis found inspiration in the smallest details. Knowledge of Hebrew is helpful but not necessary. With Rabbi Berman. 8: 15–9:15 a.m. Congregation Tifereth Israel Synagogue Intermediate Hebrew This class is designed for those who have surpassed the basics and are looking to expand their mastery of an ancient and holy language that is alive and well. With Tzila Loon. 7 – 8pm. Congregation Tifereth Israel Parsha Perspectives Ongoing, 8:30 p.m. This weekly class covers the people, places, and events of each weekly portion as well as the essential ideas and concepts in each portion. With Rabbi Methal 9:00 p.m. at the Columbus Community Kollel. No reservations necessary. 237-7133 Hebrew Classes for Adults Beginners at 7pm at Congregation Beth Tikvah.


The New Standard

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

Melachim II Class Women’s class. Taught by Rabbi Rosenberg at 10:30 a.m. at Congregation Ahavas Shalom

Saturday at 2:30 p.m. in the Beth Tikvah Library. Call Barb Krumsee (Krumsee.1@osu.edu)

ONGOING WEEKDAYS AND SUNDAYS

ONGOING FRIDAYS Sparks Beneath The Surface For the Chasid, mystic, or curiosity in you, this class offers an unusual look at the weekly Torah portion. With Rabbi Ungar. 8:15 – 9am. Congregation Tifereth Israel

ONGOING SATURDAYS (SHABBAT)

Gemora Class With Rabbi Ginsberg at congregation Ahavas Shalom, 2568 East Broad St., after daily morning services. Shacharit begins 6:45 a.m. Tuesday and Wednesday, 6:40 a.m. Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday and 8:15 a.m. on Sunday. Call Ahavas Shalom office for details, 252-4815.

Shabbat Torah Study Group Arthur Ksienski leads a discussion of the week’s Torah portion every

CROSSWORD

by Kathi Handler

© copyright 2003

bookssss@aol.com

MUSIC FEBRUARY 7 Popular Songs of Israel Svetlana Portnyansky, Arkady Gips and Alyrasel sing Yiddish, Hassidic and Russian Songs. 7:30pm. Congregation Agudas Achim

FEBRUARY 15 Les Yeux Noirs (The Black Eyes) Eight member group from Paris, France plays a blend of Klezmer, Yiddish and Gypsy music. Shedd Theater of the Davis Discovery Center, 549 Franklin Ave at 7 pm Tickets $19 for adults and $16 for students and seniors contact CityMusic Folk Sampler at 228-6224 (see best bet box)

ORGANIZATIONS JANUARY 31, FEBRUARY 1 Hadassah Regional forum Come hear about Israel, Zionism and Jerusalem with guest speakes such as Rabbi Berman, Joyce Garver Keller and Malka Ben Dor. Free. Call Esther Bleiweiss at 933-8700

SCHOLAR IN RESIDENCE JANUARY 30 – FEBRUARY 1

Coquetish Plague Shema ender Moses in the bullrushes Recede Say the Viddui Not on Pesach Actor Cobb Twelve wells site Borgnine or Bloch 560 Ed of Oz Exodus egress (2 words)

Down 1. Baal Shem Tov 2. Moses’ Dad 3. Dreidel actions 4. Thrill 5. Noodge (Eng) 6. Soul (Yid) 7. Shmatahs (Eng) 8. Holocaust voice 9. Prophet of the return 10. Milk __ honey 11. Edom 12. Not Zaftig 13. Fleischidic (Eng) 22. Switch positons 23. Senatorial Initials 25. Yes to Sven

27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 40. 41. 43. 44. 45. 46. 48. 49. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 59. 60. 61. 63. 65.

Kosher must? Haifa to Hebron (dir) Emulate Abba Eban Dreidel letter Salk’s vaccine Mezuma (Eng.) Response to Haman’s name Barak to friends Kudrow Esther’s kingdom? Abraham to Seth Greenberg stat “Maude” star Like Methuselah Fighter “Lefty”, Lew Actor Steiger Needs a Meeshebairach Meadow Machpelach Zaftig (Eng) Budinsky (Yid) Occupied Seth’s brother Shofar source? Mark of __ Psalm The Klezmatics Sanctuary seat Prior

Solutions on Page 24

SHABBAT JANUARY 24 Hillel monthly Shabbat Morning Services Egalitarian with mix of traditional prayer and singing. Torah discussion. This month welcomes Rabbi Dennis Ross. Kiddush lunch follows. OSU Hillel, 46 E. 16th Ave. Call Rabbi Zinkow at zinkow.1@osu.edu.

FEBRUARY 7 Women’s Tefillah Group Coordinated by Judy Kanfer. 10 a.m. at Agudas Achim. Those interested in leading should call Judy at 237-7519.

SOCIAL JANUARY 23 GAP Shabbat Free Shabbat celebration with Rabbi Dennis Ross as guest speaker. 6pm. OSU Hillel. 46 E. 16th Ave. Call 294-4797

JANUARY 24 Jewish Singles 40+ Bridge, euchre, tripoli and any other card games. Enjoy a night of friendly cards, conversation and pizza. 7: 30pm. Home of Janice Jennings.

FEBRUARY 6 & 7

JANUARY 25

Rabbi Dr. Jeffrey R. Woolf Enjoy a Shabbat dinner and Shabbat morning feast in honor of Tu B’Shevat coupled with lectures by guest speaker. Congregation Torat Emet

Family Dinner Enjoy a tasty “patriotic” style dinner at the JCC $12 adults. $6 children under 6. Call Tina Rice for details and to reserve, 559-6224.

FEBRUARY 20-22

Heritage Fair Family event. Exhibit of local families’ heirlooms, plus the opportunity to trace your Jewish roots. Hosted by The Federation’s Columbus Family Jewish Education project. 10:30 – 12pm. JCC.

SENIORS 52. 55. 58. 61. 62. 63. 64. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71.

Learn about the book of Joshua with Rabbi Weinrach, 2:30 p.m. at the Columbus Community Kollel. No reservations necessary. 237-7133

“Talking to God” Rabbi Naomi Levy speaks about her book; topics such as: “does prayer work?” Congregation Tifereth Israel

Rabbi David M. Feldman P.h.D. Lecture on Jewish Bio-Ethics will be followed by Shabbat dinner 6:35 pm. The speaker will also talk at 3rd meal at 5:45 pm and 7:30 pm Sat..Breakfast Sun. at 10:15 . Some with feel contact Congregation Agudas Achim.

Across 1. Artist 7. Rabbi Moshe Isserles 11. Tu B’Shevat need? 14. Kosher meat producer 15. Arkin or Greenspan 16. Prophesize 17. Burden of slavery? 18. Make the Golden Calf 19. Travel club 20. Rothschild Company 21. First minor prophet 23. Leah to Joseph 24. Mems (Eng.) 25. Lovitz 26. Finance degree 28. Famous German Rabbi 34. Elijah disciple 37. Like the temples 38. Israeli conquest 39. Employ 40. Bilhah’s boy 41. Boxer Barney 42. “Lands of the Covenant” 43. Buddy Rich specialty 45. Facts 47. Socialist leader 50. Yeled (Eng.) 51. Amen

23

JANUARY 26 Protecting Your Assets Charles Carrier, founder of Jubilee Planning Services shares ways to protect your money from nursing home spend downs. 11am at the JCC. Call Ilana at 559-6214

JANUARY 28 The Barber of Seville Join JCC group to see this Opera Columbus performance. Transportation leaves JCC at 11:30 a.m. Reserve by Jan. 21 with Ilana at 559-6214

FEBRUARY 3 Stepping Stones Program Intergenerational fun for moms, tots and residents at Wexner Heritage House, 10 a.m., 1st Tuesday of the month at Wexner Heritage House. RSVP to Bitsy at 237-4360/ nbburr@juno.com.

FEBRUARY 12 On Golden Pond Join the group for lunch and theater, performance by SRO Theater. 10: 30am. JCC. Call ilana for reservations at 559-6214

ONGOING TUESDAYS Senior Studies

Jewish Singles 40+ Meet for dinner. 5:30pm. Asian Star at 2770 Brice Rd. 856-0673

JANUARY 29 YJP Happy Hour Meet new people while seeing old faces. 8pm. Grandview café, 1455 W. Third Ave. Call Cydney Singer at 5593209/csinger@tcjf.org

JANUARY 30 Shabbat in Hilliard Egalitarian service and good food to be enjoyed by candlelight at the Rothbaum home. 6:15pm. $8. YJP and J-Link. Call Cydney Singer at 5593209/csinger@tcjf.org

FEBRUARY 1 Jewish Singles 40+ Meet for dinner. 5:30pm. Wait’s “50s” Diner.

FEBRUARY 8 Super Mahj IV Join the Beth Tikvah Sisterhood Mah Jongg. Beginners and experienced welcome. Deaf Chavura Meets at 12 noon for social gathering. Temple Israel Jewish Singles 40+ Meet for lunch. 12 noon. China Dynasty 1677 Lane Ave. 486-7126.


24 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 FEBRUARY 14

ONGOING MONDAYS

Jewish Singles 40+ Dinner and a movie. 5:30pm. Old Bag of Nails, 18 N. Nelson Rd. Decide which movie together as a group over dinner.

Knitting Chavura Get together to knit for charity. 11am. Temple Israel.

FEBRUARY 15

B’nai Brith Bowling Mixed League IBBBA affiliated. 8:00 p.m. at Main Lanes, 4071 E Main St. Contact Jeff Wasserstrom, 760-0025; Lawrence Binsky, 235-7575, or Ken Kerstein, 235-7865, to join in.

Concert Les Yeux Noirs (The Black Eyes) from France. Eight piece band playing Klezmer, Yiddish and Gypsy music. Non-smoking event. $19/$16 seniors. 7pm. The Shedd Theater of the Davis Discovery Center, 549 Franklin Ave. Call 228-6224. Jewish Singles 40+ Meet for dinner. 5:30pm. MCL Cafeteria, 5240 E. Main St. 861-6259

FEBRUARY 18 Yiddish Club Yiddish is not just a language, it’s a culture. Join this group every 3rd Wednesday of the month at 1 pm at the JCC. Call Ann Rubin at 231-5838

FEBRUARY 22 Jewish Singles 40+ Meet for dinner. Paul’s Restaurant, 4545 E. Broad St. Good food, good service, good prices and good company Answers to Crossword on page 23

Jewish Singles 40+ Meet for dinner at 5:30pm. The Mad Greek, 4210 E. Broad St.

ONGOING SUNDAYS B’nai Brith Bowling Men’s League IBBBA affiliated. 9:30 a.m. at Holiday Lanes, 4589 E Broad St. Contact Jeff Wasserstrom, 760-0025; Lawrence Binsky, 235-7575, or Ken Kerstein, 2357865, to join in.

Tickets are $19 for adults and $16 for students and seniors. Tickets can be purchased at The Piano Gallery, 2829 Festival Lane; Three Rivers Music at Kenny Centre; Stauf’s Coffee Roasters, 1277 Grandview Ave.; and The Cookware Sorcerer, 688 N. High Street. Order by phone at 228-6224 or on-line at www.CityMusicColumbus.org.

ONGOING THURSDAYS Line Dancing Learn new dances or practice old ones. Join this group at 7pm at the JCC, with teacher Angela Fasone. Call Ilana at 559-6214

THEATRE FEBRUARY 6 - 15 On Golden Pond Warm and touching comedy about a spirited and elderly couple facing their twilight years. SRO theater bilingual production combines spoken English and American Sign Lanuage. Feb. 6, 12 – 10:30am. Feb. 7, 12, 14 – 8pm. Feb. 15 – 2pm. At the JCC. Call SRO for tickets; 228-7458.

JANUARY 25

Jewish Singles 40+ Tour Chihuly Glass exhibit at Franklin Park Conservatory. 2:30pm. Reduced rate of $5.50 for group of 10+.

Les Yeux Noirs (The Black Eyes) from Paris, will be making their Columbus debut. The eight-member band, which has been playing Klezmer and Gypsy music together for over 10 years, will be performing at the Shedd Theatre of the Davis Discovery Center, 549 Franklin Ave., at 7 pm on Sun. Feb. 15.

Bridge Anyone? 55+ Chavurah at Temple Israel plays regularly at MCL Cafeteria. Meet at noon. Call Shirley Berger 231-3290.

Tot Shabbat Services for tots. 10:30am. Congregation Agudas Achim.

FEBRUARY 29

What‛s Klezmer in French?

ONGOING WEDENSDAYS,FRIDAYS

JANUARY 24

After Dark 2004 Music, dancing, appetizers, open bar, silent and live auction at The Barn at the Wexner Residence. 8pm. Young adult division of CJF. Call Cydney Singer at 559-3209/csinger@tcjf.org

Musical Bet

ONGOING TUESDAYS

TOTS

FEBRUARY 28

The New Standard

Youth program at Agudas Achim for Pre-K, K-2, Social activities and community action, meetings at 1-2 p.m. 4th Sunday of the month. Call Shelly Aframian at 237-2747, x 24/ saframian @agudasachim.org.

JANUARY 28 Introducing Jewish Traditions Free discussion. 9:30 – 10:30am. JCC. RSVP at 559-3209 Infant/Child CPR Learn the basic life saving skills to perform on your child in an emergency situation. 6:30 – 8:30pm. JCC. Call for fees and to register, Nikki Henry at 5596289

FEBRUARY 3 Stepping Stones Program Intergenerational fun for moms, tots and residents at Wexner Heritage House, 10 a.m., 1st Tuesday of the month at Wexner Heritage House.

FEBRUARY 13 Tot Shabbat Services with music and stories at Congregation Beth Tikvah. Call Karen Elson at 885-6286, x 17.

ONGOING – MONDAYS The Art of Positive Parenting A six-week class from 6:30 – 8:30pm. JCC. Call Nikki Henry at 559-6289 Tot Tennis Instruction by Pam Lippy from 1:30 – 2 p.m. at Temple Israel. Call Agin at 8660010 x 113 or e-mail at familyed@temp leisrael.org. Infant/Toddler Chat Time Chat about developmental information, guidance and discipline. This is an opportunity to confer with other parents and children. 12 – 1pm. JCC. Call Nikki Henry at 559-6289 Toddler Time Experience arts, sensory, music and story time for 16 mo. – 2 1⁄2 yrs. 9 – 10am. JCC. Call Nikki Henry at 5596289

ONGOING TUESDAYS Infant Massage Learn the art of infant massage and the benefit of touch as a way to communicate with your baby. 7 – 7: 45pm. JCC. Call Nikki Henry at 5596289

ONGOING – WEDNESDAYS Noah’s Ark Sensory and hands on activities for 3 – 4 yr. olds. 1 – 2pm. JCC. Call to register and for fees, Nikki Henry at 5596289. Mommy and Me Yoga Learn the basic yoga principles and have fun with movement, stories and song, for walking toddlers – 3 yr. olds. 9 – 9:30am. JCC. Call to register and for fees, Nikki Henry at 559-6289

Sing and Dance Alongfor preschoolers Children can move and groove with Joanie Calem, from 1:15 – 1:45 p.m. at Temple Israel. For schedules and to register call Agin at 866-0010 x 113 or e-mail at familyed@templeisrael.org.

ONGOING - THURSDAYS Sensory Time for Infants For infants 6 weeks through 18 months, 10:30 a.m. at the JCC . Call Nikki Henry at 559-6289

ONGOING - FRIDAYS Tot Shabbat Welcome Shabbat each week with blessings over wine and challah and music! 10:30 a.m., JCC. Computer Quest Basic computers for 3 – 5 year olds at the JCC North. To register call Debbie or Linda at 764-2414. Yoga for 2! Parent-child yoga classes with Tracey Gardener from 1 – 1:30 p.m. at Temple Israel. For schedules and to register call Agin at 866-0010 x 113 or e-mail at familyed@templeisrael.org.

KIDS JANUARY 23 Abraham Heschel and Martin Luther King, Jr. Community, students, teachers and parents gather for a program. 1:50pm. CJDS. Call 939-5311

JANUARY 28 Jewish Family Traditions and Rituals Judaism offers parents a rich variety of home rituals. Come learn how to introduce them to your young children, with Rabbi Goldfarb. 9:30am. JCC. Call Cydney Singer at 559-3209/ csinger@tcjf.org

FEBRUARY 8 Youth program at Agudas Achim For 5th – 6th graders, social activities and community action, meetings at 1-3 p.m. 2nd Sunday of the month. Call Shelly Aframian at 237-2747, x 24 / saframian@agudasachim.org.

FEBRUARY 15 Youth program at Agudas Achim For 3rd – 4th graders, social activities and community action, meetings at 1-3 p.m. 3rd Sunday of the month. Call Shelly Aframian at 237-2747, x 24 /safra mian@agudasachim.org.


The New Standard

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

Can I get away from my step-dad now that mom passed away? A s k

one speak. I’ve decided to attend the service but to opt out of all parties. I’ve got a good excuse. I just hope I don’t offend anyone. Comments?

W e n d y

WENDY BELZBERG My mother died a few months ago. Her husband of 15 years is talking about what a close family we are and how we will continue to celebrate holidays together; he is already making Pesach plans. I was a grown woman when they married and never considered him my stepfather. I tolerated him for my mother’s sake while she was alive. Must I continue to do so now that she is gone? Your mother has only been gone a few months and both you and her husband are presumably still raw from her loss. Over time, without your mother there to preserve the bond, I predict that he will feel less urgency to be part of her family. As he drifts further away—presumably he has another family of his own—I suspect your intolerance will soften. He may also be waxing on in what he believes is an appropriately sympathetic vein for your sake. Disinviting him from your Seder is unnecessarily harsh and uncharitable. Even if you do not care for him personally, he is in mourning and should be treated with tenderness and respect. Anger is a natural reaction to death. Don’t let yours about your mother’s death contaminate a relationship that was important to her. My relatives have hosted several hugely expensive Bar and Bat Mitzvahs that to my mind, are in poor taste. The parties are formal and require fancy clothes, and the music is so horribly loud that you can’t hear any-

I support your right to an opinion in every situation, but sometimes an opinion is best kept to oneself. In principle I agree with you wholeheartedly about bar mitzvah excess. However, the old cliché about walking in someone else’s shoes comes to mind: all families celebrate in their own way. And even if you would choose to celebrate in a different fashion, a bar mitzvah is the wrong occasion for harsh judgments. There are too few simchas in this world. I would never pass up an occasion to celebrate one—especially with my family. I have a nephew who is rude. At holiday dinners, when someone disagrees with him he calls the person “naive.” He often refers to other people’s financial status. I feel he will suffer, socially, for behavior he has no idea is offensive. What to say? What to do? Does said nephew have parents or was he cloned? Technically it is a parent’s job to teach a child good manners; the rest of the world is there to reinforce them. Clearly, in this case, everyone has fallen down on the job. As his aunt, you have the right to call your nephew on his bad behavior. You could couch your message by saying that “others” may be offended by his remarks, but I think your message will pack a bigger punch if you let him know that you personally find his manners appalling. Take him through chapter and verse and encourage him to call when in doubt about a particular response. It is possible that his intentions are good but that he is lacking in social sense. Don’t give up on him. If you love him and find him offensive, imagine the effect he has on others. Write to “Ask Wendy” at 954 Lexington Avenue #189, New York, N.Y .10021 or at wendy@thenewstandard.com

ONGOING

JANUARY 25

Kaleidoscope, after-school program For those in first through sixth grade, daily from 3 – 6 p.m. Includes a variety of activities at the JCC 1125 College Ave, also at JCC North and in New Albany. Call Rachel Fox at 559-6266.

Youth program at Agudas Achim For 9th – 12th graders, social activities and community action, meetings at 2 – 4 p.m. 4th Sunday of the month

ONGOING TUESDAYS

Youth program at Agudas Achim For 7th - 8th graders, social activities and community action, meetings at 2 – 4 p.m. 1st Sunday of the month

Shalom Giggles Children and adults learn Hebrew through songs, finger plays and more. 9:30 – 10am. Begins Jan. 13. JCC. Call Nikki Henry at 559-6289/ smescher@columbusjcc.org

ONGOING WEDNESDAYS Kids on Stage Have you always wanted to be on stage or are just curious about acting? Local actor and singer Michelle Schroeder leads kids from grades 1 – 6 in the world of improv, acting and scene work. 4:30 – 6:30pm. JCC. Call Allison Green at 559-6248/ agreen@columbusjcc.org

TEENS JANUARY 23 Oneg Shabbat Social event with Congregation Torah Emet, rotates among MSYers’ homes, at 8:30 p.m., location TBA. For more information call shul office 238-6778.

JANUARY 24 Melava Malka Come to nosh, watch a movie and hang out. One Sat. Night each month. 7:30 – 10:15pm. With Congregation Torah Emet, MSYers

FEBRUARY 1

FEBRUARY 7 “Living With Your Teens/Your Parents” Youth and Sisterhood Program. 7pm. Temple Israel

FEBRUARY 21 Youth Group Open Mike Come and explore your talents. 7 – 11pm. Temple Israel

ONGOING Communiteen Jewish learning for teens at the JCC. Wednesdays, 7:30 - 9 p.m. Call 5596286.

ONGOING - MONDAYS Mars, Venus & Universe of Relationships A fun, relevant, Jewish learning experience at Teen Learning Center geared for 8th graders. 8 - 9 p.m. Columbus Community Kollel. Contact Rabbi Tuchman 237-7133 (rabbituchma n@theKollel.org) or Mrs. Esther Pransky 231-1208 (ylpransky@juno.com). Ten Habits of Successful Teens A fun, relevant, Jewish learning experience at Teen Learning Center

geared for 9th/10th graders. 8 - 9 p.m. Columbus Community Kollel, Contact Rabbi Tuchman 237-7133 (rabbituchm an@theKollel.org) or Mrs. Esther Pransky 231-1208 (ylpransky@juno.com).

ONGOING THURSDAYS Contemporary Jewish Issues A fun, relevant, Jewish learning experience at Teen Learning Center geared for 11th/12th graders 8-9 p.m. at the Columbus Community Kollel. Contact Rabbi Tuchman 237-7133 (rabbituchman@thekollel. org) or Mrs. Esther Pransky 231-1208 (ylpransky@juno.com).

25

HAMPSHIRE FROM PAGE 13

nee who is pro-Israel. They will hold a voter registration drive Jan. 7 so that students from other states can become New Hampshire citizens and vote. Adam Michaelson, a sophomore from Oceanside, N.Y., and his peers say that the interest in politics on campus has multiplied exponentially in this primary season, and that their campus group is working to collaborate with supporters of various campaigns to encourage a pro-Israel message. ``The campaigns have helped the pro-Israel cause,” he says, sitting in a small classroom inside Dartmouth’s student center. ``It’s an issue campaigns have to talk about and those individuals in campaigns have to be knowledgeable on.” Michaelson and other leaders of the Israel campus group are supporting Dean. They say that his Middle East policy is important, but not the deciding factor. ``It’s a requirement that they have a good stance on Israel, but most of them do, so the other stuff makes the difference,” says Henry Tarmy, a sophomore from Putney, Vt. At Temple Adath Yeshurun in Manchester, Robert Feins, a physician from nearby Bedford, waits for his child to be let out of Hebrew school. His criteria for a Democratic candidate is simple: the main thing is it’s not Bush. ``The Democrats could nominate Bozo the Clown -- and they probably will -- and I will vote for him,” Feins says. Another parent, Susan Grodman, who is a consultant in Manchester, says many Jews are praising Bush’s pro-Israel sentiments, but that the president ``stands for the opposite of everything else I believe in.” Still, she says, ``None of the Democratic candidates have jumped out at me as one I want to vote for.”

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LIBERTY

FROM PAGE 11 vivors and families of the dead. The revelations at the conference reinforce conclusions drawn from documents that long have been part of the public record. A U.S. naval court of inquiry concluded in 1967 that the Liberty attack was a case of mistaken identity. The Clifford report, declassified in 1995, called the attack `` a flagrant attack of gross negligence for which the Israeli government should be held completely responsible and the Israeli military personnel involved should be punished.” Advocates of the deliberate attack theory and those who believe it was a case of mistaken identity each made presentations at the conference. Charles Smith, a University of Arizona historian chosen by the State Department to assess the conflicting views, suggested that gross negligence was a more likely conclusion than delib-

erate attack. ``Gross negligence is not the same as deliberate complicity, in knowingly attacking a ship of a friendly power,” Smith said. ``But it does indicate that not all precautions at identification were taken.” Smith suggested that Israel might have avoided the decades of skepticism that have dogged its actions surrounding the incident had it acknowledged negligence at the time. Oren agreed that the Israeli military -- which forced several officers into retirement after the incident --should have gone further. He said there were signs of ``severe negligence.” He also cited U.S. negligence. The 6th Fleet, to which the Liberty belonged, somehow did not receive an order to keep at least 100 miles away from the war zone.


26 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

The New Standard

Food & Recipes Challah, a bread that is able to rise to any occasion CHEF LANA COVEL The concept of challah has always intrigued me. Did King David come home on Friday night and find a warm braided bread to start his Shabbos dinner? How did the bread that is mentioned in the Torah evolve to what we call challah today? From an historical reference, I learned that wheat and barley were first discovered in the town of Jericho, the oldest known site of human civilization, which dates back to 10,000 BC. The Torah first mentions bread in Genesis 18:6 when Abraham tells Sarah” Quick, three measures of choice flour! Knead it, and make bread cakes!” This was about 3,313 years ago. Sarah’s bread was unleavened, made from grains of either wheat or barley that had been ground between two stones, and mixed with water. It was stretched thin and then put flat on a stone slab and baked over a fire or between layers of slow-burning camel dung. It is the bread that is still baked in the desert at least twice a day by the Bedouin. The tradition of challah and other kosher yeast-leavened breads can be traced back to the ancient Hebrew belief that breads leavened with sourdough were impure due to the fermentation of the yeast. The Hebrews learned about leavening in Egypt. The Hebrew word challah means “loaf.” In Leviticus 24:5–24:8, God instructs Moses to place round loaves— two rows of six challot each—on a table before Him in the tent of meeting. Great care is taken in explaining the preparation, shape, and size of the challot in detail. They must be round, with two tenth-measures of flour in each of

French Toast with Challah Makes 4 slices 1 large egg 3/4 cup milk 2 teaspoons vanilla extract 2 tablespoons sugar 1/3 cup all-purpose flour 1/4 teaspoon salt 4 slices day-old Challah, cut 3/4 of an inch thick butter or oil for frying

twelve loaves. The loaves were much like the flat round loaves of pita that we have today. The table was not only a source of storage, but also it was constructed in such a way that the challah could be used for a sacrifice. Every Sabbath the twelve loaves, which had been placed on the open table the previous Sabbath, were removed. Twelve new fresh loaves were arranged in their place. The twelve loaves from the previous week were still as warm and fresh as the day they were placed at the Temple. Once replaced, the week-old loaves were distributed among the priests. It has been said that blessings descended upon the showbreads, and this was the source of prosperity for all Israel. Every priest in the Temple who received even a small piece of the showbread the size of a bean was satiated by it. After the Romans destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE, the law of first dough (Numbers 15:17–21 “ Separate the first portion of your kneading as a dough offering”) was no longer technically applicable. The rabbis ruled, however, that the law should continue to be observed symbolically. Thus, whenever bread is being baked, a small portion of dough is twisted off and thrown into the fire as a reminder of the Temple sacrifices. The home table became a metaphor for God’s table; it was likened to the altar in the Temple. The Sabbath bread became a sacred offering from every family. The original showbreads or challot were flat and round, made only of flour and water. To this day Jews in the Middle East use pita bread for their Sabbath challah because it is more similar to the original showbreads. How did this pita-like bread

evolve into the traditional sweet, rich, braided bread that is now so central to Judaism? Around the 15th century, the Jews of Eastern Europe developed the challah that we know today. Up until this time, challah had been a round white bread with no distinct characteristics. The refined white flour and the special sweet braided challah are a reminder of the purity of the Sabbath day of rest, as well as a remembrance of the historic gastronomic deprivation of Eastern European Jews, who lived on black bread during the week. It is thought that the braiding or twisting was a pun on twisting off the little piece of first dough as a reminder of the Temple sacrifices. The braided shape is believed not to be of purely Jewish origin but modeled after twisted white breads that were found through central Europe and the Slavic countries. Each of the challah loaves was made using a six-strand braid, causing each loaf to have six humps. When two loaves are placed on the table, the combined twelve humps represent the twelve showbreads. Two additional reasons for the use of two loaves are that the two loaves represent the double portion of manna that the Lord provided on the sixth day in the wilderness during the forty years of wandering and that the two loaves represent the two different versions of the Fourth Commandment, Exodus 20:8 and Deuteronomy 5:15. Since no milk could be used, (according to the laws of Kashrut, a bread containing milk could not be eaten with a meat meal) eggs were added to make the bread richer, tasti-

Hassidic Challah This recipe has seven ingredients for the seven days of the week. Each measurement also has a symbolic meaning. One cup of sugar (There is only one God.) Two tablespoons of salt (for the tablets of the law, or for Moses and Aaron) Three cups of water (for the three patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob) Four packages of yeast (for the four matriarchs: Sarah, Rebecca, Leah, and Rachel) Seven eggs (six for the Challah and one for the glaze, just as the six day of creation are embellished by the Sabbath) Ten tablespoons of oil (2/3 cups) (for the ten commandments) Twelve cups of flour (for the twelve tribes of Israel) Sprinkle the yeast into 11⁄2 cups lukewarm water to start the fermentation process. Dissolve the sugar and salt in 11⁄2 cups of very hot water. Cool to lukewarm. To help it cool, add the oil and the 6 slightly beaten eggs. Sift the flour into a bowl and make a well. When the yeast water has started to foam and the salty liquid is lukewarm, add both liquids to the flour, and stir. Turn the flour onto a well-floured surface and knead until smooth and elastic, adding a little more flour if necessary. Place dough into a greased bowl, turning dough to make sure all surfaces are greased. Cover and place in a warm spot to rise. Allow to rise until double in bulk, about 2 hours. Punch down and divide into 4. Braid each Challah, and place on a well-greased baking sheet. Cover and let rise again until doubled in bulk. Brush with the reserved beaten egg. Bake in a 325° oven for 11⁄2 hours, or until golden brown. You can make eight smaller loaves instead of the four large loaves, but bake them for less time.

Heat 10- to 12-inch skillet over medium heat for 5 minutes. Meanwhile, beat egg lightly in shallow pan or pie plate; then add milk and vanilla, and finally sugar, flour, and salt, continuing to whisk until smooth. Soak bread without oversaturating. Pick up bread and allow excess batter to drip off; repeat with remaining slices. Swirl 1 tablespoon butter or oil in hot skillet. Transfer prepared bread to skillet; cook until golden brown. Serve immediately. Continue, adding 1 tablespoon butter to skillet for each new batch.

er, and more worthy of its prominent place at the Sabbath table. In Jerusalem over the long centuries, many people were poor and mostly dependent on outside contributions, so eggs were out of the question. It was luxury enough to have bread with white flour for the Sabbath. Most Jerusalem challot today still do not include eggs. The sweetened challah that developed much later was not a solely Jewish phenomenon. The Greeks, Portuguese, and Russians all had egg-rich sweet bread. The sweet challah is known as a Romanian or German style of challah. The

Talmudic description of manna is said to have resembled whitish poppy seeds, therefore, many people sprinkle the top of the challot with poppy seeds before baking them. I now realize that the bread that we call challah today is a work in progress. Today’s rich, sweet, soft, braided white bread has come a long way from the flat, round, stoneground wheat, barley, and water mixture that was baked on smoldering camel dung. Challah has crossed the span of time and cultures to form a mixture of history, religion, and symbolism. The challah of today is not only rich in taste, but also it is rich in tradition. I was given a recipe for challah that uses the amounts of ingredients to symbolize different events in Jewish history. I am also including a really good recipe for French toast using leftover challah.

Chef Lana will be addressing different foodrelated questions and topics each month. If you have any questions or comments, she can be reached at ChefLana@thenewstandard.com

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Rick Turkel Send us your recipes recipe@thenewstandard.com

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The New Standard

Obituaries

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

27

Stone’s approach to life was full of commitment By Ruth Portnoy

TH E N EW STAN DAR D

Cathy Stone approached illness the same way she approached everything in her life: with determination, energy and a genuine concern for others. When the 31-year-old marketing specialist was diagnosed with breast cancer in 1995, she decided that a positive attitude, knowledge about treatments and a campaign of reaching out to others would help her beat the disease. For eight years, she registered many victories: a year-long remission, tireless advocacy for research dollars and support of others who were ill. Friend Anny Hoffman, said: “Nothing she did was without thinking about other people. Even through her illness, it was, ‘How can this help others? What can I do to make a mark, to leave something for the world?’ She wanted to write a book.” But the shadow over her life grew longer and on Dec. 18, at age 39, Stone died. She left behind her parents, Bob and Susan Stone of the East Side; sisters Jodi Kraut of Dublin and Debbie Golan of Belgium; brother-in-law Meron Golan; and niece and nephew, Elianne and Kevin Golan. “She was my best friend,’’ said Susan Stone. “A super kid – patient, caring.

Never had a bad word to say about anybody.’’ Stone was a graduate of Eastmoor High School and Ohio State University and worked for the Wasserstrom Co. in Columbus, one of several jobs she held in marketing. She had moved to Chicago, Indianapolis and Detroit, before returning to her native city. She was active in the Columbus community, giving talks about fighting cancer and speaking out on a variety of social issues. During the last two years, Stone was president of the Columbus chapter of the National Council of Jewish Women. Her most recent project was leading members to establish a Shaken Baby Syndrome education project aimed at new mothers and maternity ward employees. “Cathy was a wonderful leader,’’ said chapter spokeswoman Jean Krum. “Not only did people really like her, but she was someone you really had to admire… She was very strong. She told us quite honestly at the installation that she had come near death, and how much she really thanked her parents and everyone…She was just a very capable person. She led by example.” Friend Carrie Madison remembers Stone’s insistence that she would be a witness at Madison’s marriage in 1997. Stone was in a wheelchair. Doctors had

removed her hip bones following a postchemotherapy infection. Madison remembers her friend’s subsequent insistence on a hip replacement – something doctors were reluctant to do – and her later participation in her sister Debbie’s wedding ceremony, and trip to visit her in Belgium. Stone became an advocate for cancer research. She traveled to Washington to help lobby Congress for funds. She walked the Columbus Race for the Cure route, and later wheeled herself through it in her chair. Stone loved to play golf, and after her hip replacement was back out on the course. Recently, she and Susan traveled to her favorite vacation spot – Las Vegas. “She kept setting goals and kept reaching,” said Madison. “She even was planning to go on a Jewish singles cruise this September.’’ In 2000, Stone was the subject of a WBNS-TV special about battling breast cancer. She was shown during chemotheraphy, in her wheelchair, then speaking publicly about her ordeal, urging others not to give up. Stone supported others who had cancer, including her nephew, Aaron, who died in 1998 at age 6, and friend Randy Kohn of Bexley, who died Nov. 28. Though she was deemed too ill to get of bed, Stone attended Kohn’s shiva.

Cathy Stone

After her daughter’s death, Susan discovered part of a journal Stone was keeping, fodder for her planned book. At Stone’s funeral, Rabbi Harold Berman of Tifereth Israel read a poem Stone wrote for Aaron: “You lived your life fully and remain my inspiration. Now in my heart, your soul is cause for celebration. As your godmother, I took my job with pride. I’ll miss you dearly, until we meet on the other side.”

Springfield rabbi dies at 52 Rabbi Marianne L. Gevirtz, the beloved spiritual leader of Springfield’s Temple Sholom, passed away on Dec. 12 at the age of 52 from lymphoma. At the time of her death, she was at home surrounded by her family. Gevirtz first came to Springfield in September 1994 as a rabbinic intern from Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in Cincinnati. The Reform congregation offered her the full time position as its rabbi following her ordination in June 1996. Born in Zwolle, Holland, Gevirtz converted to Judaism at the age of 22 following her work as a synagogue secretary and time on an Israeli kibbutz. She came to America to further her Jewish education. Gevirtz received her master Rabbi Marianne L. Gevirtz of Hebrew arts and letters at HUCJIR’s Rhea Hirsch School of Education in Los Angeles, where she also received her master’s degree in Judaic studies. Gevirtz studied the Aramaic language at Yale University toward her doctoral degree and served as educator at Congregation Adat Shalom in Poway, Calif. Her love of teaching led her to return to HUC-JIR for her rabbinic ordination. “As a rabbi, I could have more access to the community as an educator,” she once told The Dayton Jewish Observer in an interview. She was married to the late Dr. Stanley Gevirtz, a professor of Bible at HUC-JIR, Los Angeles; he died of cancer after only two years of marriage. Gevirtz was involved with several nonprofit organizations in Springfield, including Justice Action and Mercy, Clark County Ministerial Fellowship, Rainbow Table II, The Holocaust Awareness Program, and the Clark State Interfaith Board. She was instrumental in helping revitalize the Yellow Springs Havurah, which now collaborates on some programming with the temple. Donations in her memory may be made to Temple Sholom of Springfield. Reprinted with permission from the Dayton Jewish Observers

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28 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

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IRAQI

FROM PAGE 5 and took them to Israel. Hadassah Magazine detailed the operation: Three were men, ages 78, 90 and unknown, and three women, ages 70, 75 and 99. Greenberg and Bernstein will not forget their past. The women continue to honor their native traditions. Greenberg explains proudly that for the last 30 years in Israel, there has been a renewal of appreciation for Iraqi culture including music, literature, art and food. Gone are the fear and the desire for assimilation that both women’s families experienced in Israel and in America. The women like to cook the cuisine of their upbringing. Greenberg’s mother’s family came to Iraq via Istanbul, so her family favors food from the Turkish cuisine. She also cooks Iraqi food, “and my kids love it,” she said. Bernstein said cooking is the only

remnant of her old life. “I do a lot of cooking. I bought a cookbook in London, The Best Baghdad Cooking with Treats from Teheran by Daisy Iny,” she said. ““I remember a lot of the recipes my mother made. My father taught her to properly slaughter animals for food and left her with kosher knives. (When we couldn’t afford chicken,) she would stuff pigeons with rice and herbs and serve them for Shabbat lunch, something similar to Ashkenazi cholent. My mother made sure before I left Baghdad for the U.S. that I knew how to clean chickens.” To find a sweet Iraqi Purim desert called Melfoof (almonds, sugar, cardamom and filo dough), check this website, http://www.tastycooking.com/iraq.html

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Anna Lichtenstein is the daughter of Jeff and Lisette Lichtenstein. Anna will deliver her d’var Torah as a bat mitzvah on Saturday Feb. 28 at Temple Israel. She is a seventh-form student at Columbus School For Girls, where she is a member of the tennis team, middle school strings and choir. Anna is also a harpist for the Columbus Symphony Cadet Orchestra. For her tzedakah project, Anna volunteered many hours over the summer helping autistic children at Oakstone Academy’s summer camp. Anna is the granddaughter of Mitzi and Irvin Lichtenstein of Columbus and Jeannette Larrieu Thimmesch of Woodville, Miss., and New Orleans, LA. She has a brother David, 10, and a sister, Jennifer, 20.

Mills/James Productions recently hired Joshua Platt as marketing manager. In his new role, Platt is responsible for shaping and implementing marketing initiatives Joshua Platt - including marketing communications, advertising and promotion, event marketing, public and media relations, and community affairs. A veteran communications professional, Platt has more than 10 years of marketing, public relations and journalism experience, in both the corporate and non-profit environments. Prior to joining Mills/James, Platt served as director of marketing and Public Relations for the Columbus Jewish Federation. Before moving to Columbus, Platt was as a reporter and producer in newspaper, radio, television and Web newsrooms at both the local and national levels.

PREISLER

STEINER

Meira Preisler

Rachel Tova Steiner

Rachel Tova Steiner, daughter of Mark and Sandra Steiner, will be called to the Torah as bat mitzvah on Feb. 14 at Congregation Tifereth Israel. Rachel is a seventh-grade student at Bexley Middle School and attends the Samuel M. Melton Religious School at Tifereth Israel. Rachel received her bat mitzvah training from Cantor Jack Chomsky and Max Groner. Sandy, Mark and Rachel invite relatives, friends, and members of the congregation to worship with them and to join them for kiddush in Rachel’s honor at the conclusion of services.

Meira Preisler has been selected to direct the JCC’s Camp Hoover for the 2004 camping season. With a bachelor’s degree in education from Kent State University, Preisler currently works as the art teacher at Columbus Torah Academy. She also has experience teaching art for the Columbus Public School District. Although she is new to Hoover, Preisler has a variety of experience working at the JCC’s Camp Chaverim as well as at Anisfield Day Camp at the Cleveland JCC.

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The New Standard

Ethics

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 ::

29

SURVEY

FROM PAGE 12

pleased many Jews by describing Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon as a ``man of peace” while consistently snubbing Yasser Arafat, the In Jewish law, workers also have some that it is critical to be able to create JEWISH ETHICS additional responsibility that does not monetary sanctions for worker careless- Palestinian Authority president, because of his ties to terrorism. apply to an outside individual, especialness, then you need to carefully craft a Optimism about U.S.-Israel relations ly when they are entrusted with comcompensation system that will achieve remains steady. This year, 86 percent of pany property or are given authority to this goal. For example, you can compenRABBI DR. respondents said relations were very or represent the firm. (3) But despite this sate workers with a base salary and a somewhat positive; last year, 90 percent ASHER MEIR technical liability, Jewish law discourbonus, where it is understood that the of respondents said so. Business Ethics Center ages imposing sanctions on workers due bonus is paid only for exemplary work, of Jerusalem But 37 percent of respondents said to normal carelessness. (4) and egregious errors will lead to deducthey are less optimistic about the posFurthermore, doing careless papertions. But the average salaried worker sibility of Israel achieving peace with the work is not the same as causing damshould not have to pay out of his own . I just discovered that an Arab world now than they were a year age. You’re no worse off than if the work pocket, or his own private hours, for employee recorded transactions ago; only 5 percent are more optimistic. hadn’t been done at all. In fact, given work of inferior quality as long as he in a careless way that is against Support for Israel’s handling of its that fact that the worker was at the was present at work and busy with his our company’s explicit rules. When I relations with the Palestinian Authority workplace busy with his tasks, you can’t assigned tasks. demanded that he go back and do the even dock his pay. The Talmud has the following advice: eroded somewhat, as 60 percent said work properly on his own time, he they supported Israel’s handling of the It may seem unfair to ask you to “Someone who has inherited a lot of asserted that I have no right to ask him situation, down from 67 percent last pay for work that was never done, but money and wants to lose them...should to work without pay. remember that an employee is not like hire workers without supervising them.” year. . It’s easy to understand your Meanwhile, U.S. Jewish support for a a contractor. A contractor is hired to get In other words, this is a certain way frustration. The manager has Palestinian state rose slightly to 54 perthe job done; an employee is hired to to lose money. The employer has to the right to expect that his carry out orders to the best of his abilacknowledge his own share of responsi- cent, from 49 percent last year. workers will be careful and assiduous. Democrats are worried about positive ity. It’s just not fair to the worker to bility for losses caused by a worker who Jewish law states that employees have Jewish perceptions of Bush’s Israel poliimpose such a heavy responsibility on worked without adequate oversight. (5) a responsibility to work to the best of cies. Recently, top Democrats revealed him. their ability. (1) And the employer has to JTA that they formulated a plan some An additional problem with sancSOURCES: every right to dismiss a worker who 18 months ago to solidify Jewish suptions is that very often they are a way (1) Shulchan Arukh Choshen Mishpat under-performs after being given a reaport for Democrats and demonstrate to make the worker pay for mistakes 337:20. sonable opportunity to meet company that Democrats are better for Israel than that are really due to the shortcomings (2) Shulchan Arukh Choshen Mishpat standards. (2) Bush. of management. Where were you, the 306:8. However, it’s a long way from your Democrats said the poll was reassurmanager, all those months that these (3) Babylonian Talmud Bava Metzia right to let this worker go to having the ing, despite the growth in support for transactions were improperly recorded? 73b and commentaries. Pitchei Choshen right to compel him to work without Bush. A worker is not just a machine that you Pikadon 12:14-15. pay. ``It’s 2-1 for any Democrat, despite can wind up and let go; the employee (4) Bava Metzia 83a. It’s true that a worker who causes the fact that we’re in the middle of a needs appropriate guidance, encourage(5) Bava Metzia 29b. actual damage to your firm can be very tough primary season,” said Steve ment and supervision. compelled to either repair the damage Rabinowitz, a top Washington consulIf the nature of your work is such or pay for it, just as a non-worker can. tant to the party. ``All this poll does is reinforce the notion that Jews vote EMAIL Democratic.” FROM PAGE 1 The figures showing Lieberman faring better than any other Democrat Morris Amitay, a pro-Israel activist, said Dean’s off-the-cuff tyrant who had attacked Israel and could do so again, and against Bush belie the claim that Jews remarks mean more than his scripted they now see potential for stability in the region. are less likely to support a Jewish candiclarifications after the fact. The campaign counters that many in the Jewish commudate because of concern that it would be ``He can say the right thing, but they aren’t obviously nity who are highlighting Dean’s missteps are supporters of bad for the Jews. It’s a claim Lieberman what he feels when he’s speaking on his own,” said Amitay, President Bush or of Dean’s Democratic primary opponents. has taken pains to refute when cama former executive director of the American Israel Public Dean even has suggested that Karl Rove, the White House’s paigning among Jews. Affairs Committee. ``He’ll have to go to real great lengths to senior political adviser, is behind the e-mail campaign. Still, anti-Semitism in the United convince people that he can be trusted on this issue.” The White House and the Bush re-election campaign have States remains a concern. Respondents Another political analyst suggests that Dean needs to refused to comment. who said it was a very serious problem show more love for Israel and speak more of his trip last year ``To send an e-mail like that is exactly the perfect tactic rose to 37 percent, from 29 percent to the Jewish state. to set off fears in this community,” Dean recently told JTA. last year. Respondents describing antiJewish leaders say their concerns run deeper than the off``Politics is a rough game and it’s an ugly game, but people Semitism as very serious on college camhanded use of ``even-handed.” They worry that Dean does not who do these kinds of things ought not to be in politics and puses rose to 28 percent, from 23 percent have a clear record on the Middle East -- largely because he don’t deserve to win.” last year. is a former governor and not a legislator -- and that he has Dean’s supporters also say his comments on the Middle Respondents also identified Muslims made other questionable comments and decisions. East appeal to liberal Jews who back a Palestinian state and They include naming Clyde Prestowitz as a foreign policy want Israel to dismantle settlements and make other conces- as the most anti-Semitic group, with 55 percent saying ``most or many” Muslims adviser. Prestowitz has said U.S. aid to Israel should be consions for peace. are anti-Semitic. Those figures were ditional on Israeli concessions to the Palestinians. Campaign Rabbi Eric Yoffie, president of the Union for Reform officials stress that Prestowitz will focus on globalization and Judaism, said he believes members of his community are not consistent with 2002 but showed a reversal from 2001, when only 44 percent of international economics, not the Middle East. reacting to the e-mails. He said that Reform congregants are Dean has called Hamas terrorists ``soldiers,” a term that examining Dean’s foreign policy on a more sophisticated level. respondents said most or many Muslims some say legitimizes the group. Dean used the term on CNN ``This effort to portray Dean as anti-Israel and ‘bad for the were anti-Semitic. After Muslims, the group perceived in defending Israel’s right to single out Hamas leaders for Jews’ I don’t think will be successful,” Yoffie said. ``People as most anti-Semitic was the religious targeted killings, and his campaign says the word reinforces are looking in a serious way at the broader issues, like his right, with 41 percent saying ``most or the argument that terrorists are legitimate military targets. approach to foreign policy.” many” were anti-Semites. Dean also has suggested former President Jimmy Carter Certainly, this is not the first instance in which a canConsistent with prior surveys, the as a potential Middle East envoy, while many Jews feel didate has gotten off to a shaky start because he has been 2003 survey also showed Jews staking Carter is too sympathetic toward the Palestinians. largely unknown to the Jewish community. When Arkansas out positions opposite the president on Dean since has backed off those remarks, though his supGov. Bill Clinton campaigned in New York in 1992, Jewish porters say the controversy over them reflects a double-stanleaders raised concerns that he did not unequivocally support domestic issues. About 73 percent said they opposed using taxpayer money to dard: Massachusetts Sen. John Kerry, another Democratic Jerusalem as the undivided Israeli capital. fund religious institutions or religious candidate, got into much less trouble for suggesting as envoys The 2004 election, however, occurs against the backdrop schools. Carter and former Secretary of State James Baker, also perof Middle East tumult. And with the popularization of the The Democrats’ alignment with Jews ceived as unfriendly to Israel. Internet and e-mail, concerns about Dean travel at cyberon domestic issues is one way they hope Most notably, Dean has been a vocal opponent of the speed. to maintain Jewish community support. war in Iraq. Many Jews believe the war ousted a dangerous The AJCommittee’s survey bolsters the potential effectiveness of that strategy.

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30 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

The New Standard

Torah Va’yera- January 24

What do you hear? D ’ VA R T o r a h

RABBI JONATHAN ROSENBERG In the late 1930’s, as the dark clouds of war began to swirl over Europe, a young Rabbi in the United States posed the following question to his visiting European Rosh Yeshivah (Dean of Yeshivah).

“Being that we faithfully await the heralded arrival of the Messiah, and we incorporate that fervent hope into our daily prayers - is it therefore appropriate to assume that indeed the Messiah will arrive sooner, rather than later”? The sagacious Rabbi did not answer the question while he was yet on safe soil in America. However in the Summer of 1939, just weeks before eastern Europe was to become engulfed in the flames of the Holocaust, the former student received the following letter from his Rebbe in Poland. “It is impossible to guarantee precisely when the Messiah will come because God purposely concealed the date. There is however a blueprint to assist the Jewish People in deciphering the torrent of pre-messianic events as they are unleashed.” The Rosh Yeshivah then went on to write that he had received a venerable tradition from his mentor, the saintly Chofetz Chaim that in order to understand the future we must first look back to the past. The current Jewish exile and its future redemption will be the mirror image of what befell the Children of Israel during their banishment in Egypt. “Whatever happened before their Exodus will likewise occur before the arrival of the Messiah”. Finally, the letter concluded with its most important message of all: “Do not be discouraged if present-day Jewry appears to be distracted or disaffected due to the host of suffering it is now confronting. It is not necessarily a bad omen, because true to the formula the Jews in Egypt also were in a state of apathy. As the verse states “They did not listen to Moshe (regarding their impending redemption) because of kotzer ruach and hard labor” (Parshas Va’Era 6:9). Rashi explains the term kotzer ruach to mean a shortness of breath due to a continual barrage of suffering. Apparently the Jews in Egypt were so overwhelmed with their plight that freedom was something too foreign to even fathom. This point - the slaves’ rejection of the good news about the Exodus is worth exploring. It defied logic. It really defied the prisoner mentality. The former POWs of Vietnam write about their harrowing experiences and the mind games they endured while in captivity. If one day an extra carrot appeared in their soup, they would begin to believe that their release was forthcoming. It only stood to reason that the enemy wanted to fatten them up in order to cover their tracks of torture and deprivation. If the next day the carrot was missing, the prisoners would plunge into depression fearing that their only future was to rot away in a dark cell. And so the roller coaster of emotions went from euphoric highs of tasting freedom in a soggy carrot to the fear and bitterness of prison death marked by its absence. When Moshe came with the stunning news that the God of their forefathers was about to bring an end to their misery, all ears should have perked up with the listeners jumping for joy. And

yet there was nothing to be heard but their deafening silence. The Ba’alei Mussar (philosophers of Jewish ethics) answer this question with the old adage that “One hears only want he wants to hear”. Typically a prisoner craves to glean the signs and symbols of his imminent release; but there is also such a thing as a breaking point. The Jews in Egypt were so overwrought and felt so forlorn that it was actually easier to hear in Moshe’s words a message of doom instead of redemption. And again true to the formula, a haunting question comes back - What about us? Our generation? What is it that we want to hear? Is all we want to hear that threats of terrorism have vanished and life can return to “normal” as it was prior to 9/11, when exile in America was comfortable, safe and prosperous? Or perhaps the deluge of spilled Jewish blood both in our homeland as well as abroad with its attendant anti-Semitism has allowed our ears to become keen to a more sublime message. A message that contains the promise of real freedom and permanent peace in a spiritual sense as well as physical. As we read the blueprint of our future redemption this Shabbos, each of us must ask ourselves - “What do we want to hear”? The young Rabbi who posed that trenchant question to the sage was none other than Rabbi Shimon Schwab zt”l. Over the next seven years he was to witness the national Jewish situation plunge into the abyss of despair as the horrors of WWII unfolded. The revered teacher who answered the question was none other than Rav Elchonon Wasserman hy”d, who defied all pleas to stay in America and out of loyalty to his students returned to Europe to suffer their same tragic fate. Rabbi Schwab later went on to assume the pulpit of the German refugee community in the Washington Heights section of New York. One can only wonder how many times he reflected on those prophetic words of his lost Rebbe when he attempted to ease the sorrow of his wartorn community as they picked up the pieces of their shattered lives. The Ramban (Nachmanides) writes that at times God chooses to “conceal” his countenance from the Jewish People due to our bad choices. There are two forms of concealment. One is characterized by unusual suffering similar to what our nation experienced some 60 years ago. The other is called hester p’nei ha’geulah. It is much milder, appearing as a respite from all the tragedies of the earlier generation. The only feature of this concealment is that the glimmer of redemption is hidden allowing us to be lulled into the complacency and misleading comforts that life in exile sometimes affords. Until events of the past three years, our generation assumed it bore the latter form of concealment. But in light of the recent challenges, all bets are off. Regardless, the message of our Sidrah (section) is that our generation has a mission, as does each and every generation in the annals of the Jewish People. And the sooner we accept that mission the sooner we will begin to hear the long awaited footsteps of the Messiah. May he come speedily in our days.

Rabbi Jonathan Rosenberg has served as Rabbi of Congregation Ahavas Sholom, 2568 East Broad Street since 1992. He offers weekly classes on various topics, ranging from Bible to Talmud, Halacha and Jewish Philosophy. Rabbi Rosenberg has served as Scholar-in Residence and has lectured at National Jewish conventions, as well as within the Columbus community.

Rabbi Yaakov Weinrach Bo

Jan. 31 This Torah reading records many miracles that God performed upon the Exodus from Egypt. A European Torah scholar, Rabbi Aharon Bakshet (1867 1941) was asked the following question: Why doesn’t God perform miracles today as He did then? He answered that when a young child takes its first steps, the parents hold its hands to prevent stumbling. However, when it advances and walks steadily, no help is necessary. Similarly, when our forefathers left Egypt, there was nothing to instill belief in God without His taking them by the hand, performing miracles. However as time went on, we matured level. He thus gave us the Torah through which we can bring ourselves to believe in Him on our own, not needing Him to perform miracles, as it says in Psalms (119:18) “Open my eyes and I will see the wonders from Your Torah.” Beshalach Feb. 7 This Torah portion opens with our forefathers en route to the Red Sea on their way out of Egypt. There were two ways to reach the Red Sea from Pharaoh’s kingdom, either to go through the land of the Philistines or to go through the desert. God did not direct them to the land of the Philistines because this path was too close to Pharaoh’s kingdom. If confronted with war, the Torah explains, our forefathers would have fled to “safety” in Pharaoh’s kingdom. Rather, God directed them to the desert, which was too long a journey for them to flee all the way back. The Chofetz Chaim (1839 1933) suggests addi-

tional reason why God did not direct them to the land of the Philistines. In Egypt, our forefathers were entrenched in the impurity of the Egyptian culture. The mission of the Exodus was freedom not only from physical slavery but also from spiritual impurity. Had God directed our forefathers through the land of the Philistines they would have been negatively influenced by the Philistines’ spiritual impurity, making their mission irrelevant. We learn from here that one is affected not only by the environment in which one lives, but also exposure to an environment while just “passing through.” Yisro Feb. 14 In this Torah reading, Aharon and the elders of Israel eat a bread meal with Moshe’s father in law, Yisro (Jethro), before God. What does eating before God mean? Rashi comments that we derive from here that when one benefits from a meal that Torah scholars partake, this is tantamount to benefiting from the Divine Presence Himself. Why so? The Ba’er B’Sadeh (commentary on Rashi) explains that a human soul, to exist, needs not only physical food but also sustenance from the Divine Presence while eating. In Deuteronomy 11:22, the Torah commands: Cling to God. Rashi explains that when one clings to Torah scholars, God considers it as though the person is clinging to God Himself. Therefore, when one eats with Torah scholars, one clings with God and thus benefits from Him. The meal can then maintain the soul while bringing pleasure to the body.

Rabbi Yaakov Weinrach is an educator at the Columbus Community Kollel. He graduated from the Ner Israel Rabbinical College in Baltimore and its Kollel Avodas Levi Graduate School. He holds a Masters in Science of Education from Johns Hopkins University. He recently joined our community with his wife, Sara, and their children. You can join Rabbi Weinrach at the Kollel for “A Mitzvah Medley,” a discussion of the concepts and rationales of the 613 commandments. The class is given on Tuesday afternoons at 2:30 for retirees and Wednesday evenings at 8:00 for the general public. The Columbus Community Kollel is a full time Jewish educational institute located at 2501 East Main Street. For more information call, 237 7133.


The New Standard M Y T H O U G H T FO R T O DAY

MARC LEVISON

(Readers will please note that we have not edited the message below. The New Standard)

DEAR FRIENDS, LOVE IS ALL YOU NEED. YESTERDAY, I WENT TO A PARTY. GIFTS WERE ALL AROUND ME. I THOUGHT, HOW MUCH LOVE I GOT FROM JUST BEING THERE. I ASK YOU, CAN YOU BUY THAT? NO WAY. YESTERDAY, I SAW LOVE ALL AROUND ME. I

28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004 :: ASK GOD WHY CAN I SEE IT AND HALF THE WORLD CANT? MY THOUGHT FOR TODAY, NEVER LOOK OVER WHAT YOU HAVE. IT ALL LOOKS GOOD ON PAPER, SOME OF YOU CAN’T SEE THE WRITING ON THE WALLS. ENJOY MARC --ENJOY MARC Marc Levison suffers from ALS, a fatal neuromuscular disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness resulting in paralysis. He has had ALS for thirteen years and has been typing his thoughts via his computer for 5 years. He emails his “Thought for Today” on a periodic basis. If you would like to receive his thoughts, email him at ML60@YAHOO.COM

Paul Palnik has permitted The New Standard to republish his award winning work to run along with our other religious features. Palnik, born in Cleveland, Ohio in 1946, received a Bachelor of Fine Arts and a Master of Arts degree in Graphics from The Ohio State University in Columbus. He has worked as an artist and writer for American Greeting Corp. in Cleveland and as a cartoonist for The Jerusalem Post in Israel. Palnik exhibits his work in art shows throughout the U.S. He is the creative director of meltonarts.org which is a coalition of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York City, the OSU Melton Center for Jewish Studies in Columbus and Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Nobel prize winners Isaac Bashevis Singer and Elie Wiesel praised Palnik’s work. Singer is quoted as saying, “He is in his own way an artist who expresses his philosophy in images and fantasies drawn with originality.” Elie Wiesel said of the artist: “Palnik’s work is a gift, a beautiful gift.” You can contact Paul locally at 239-8710 or nationally toll-free at 1-800-cartoon. His works are available online at www.1800cartoon.com.

31

S h a b b at t i m e s

Eruv Hotline 898-2807

Shabbat Va’yera (Rosh Chodesh Shevat) January 23 Candlelighting 5:21 pm January 24 Shabbat ends 6:25 pm Shabbat Bo January 30 Candlelighting 5:30 pm January 31 Shabbat ends 6:33 pm Shabbat Beshalach (Tu B’Shvat eve Feb. 6) February 6 Candlelighting 5:38 pm February 7 Shabbat ends 6:40 pm Shabbat Yitro February 13 Candlelighting 5:46 pm February 14 Shabbat ends 6:48 pm Shabbat Mishpatim February 20 Candlelighting 5:55 pm February 21 Shabbat ends 6:56 pm Rosh Chodesh Adar February 22 - Day 1 February 23 - Day 2


32 :: 28 Tevet 5764 :: January 22, 2004

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