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State Abbreviation - TX State Capital - Austin Largest City - Houston Area - 268,601 square miles [Texas is the second biggest state in the USA - only Alaska is bigger] Population - 20,851,820 (as of 2000) [Texas is the second most populous state in the USA, after California; New York is the third most populous] Name for Residents - Texans Major Industries - petroleum and natural gas, farming (cotton, livestock), steel, banking, insurance, tourism Presidential Birthplaces Dwight David Eisenhower was born in Denison on October 14, 1890 (he was the 34th US President, serving from 1953 to 1961). Lyndon Baines Johnson was born near Johnson City on August 27, 1908 (he was the 36th US President, serving from 1963 to 1969). Main Rivers - Rio Grande,

Red River, Brazos River Highest Point Guadalupe Peak, 8,749 feet (2,667 m) above sea level Number of Counties 254 Bordering States Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma Bordering Country Mexico Bordering Body of Water - Gulf of Mexico Origin of the Name Texas - The Caddo Indians of eastern Texas called their group of tribes the "Tejas," meaning "those who are friends". State Nickname - The Lone Star State State Motto - Friendship State Song - "Texas, Our Texas" Dinosaur Fossils Found in Texas Acrocanthosaurus, Alamosaurus,


Brontopodus, Camptosaurus, Chasmosaurus, Coelophysis, Deinonychus, Dimetrodon*, Edmontosaurus, Hypsilophodon, Iguanodon, Kritosaurus, Megatherium* (giant ground sloth), Ornithomimus, Panoplosaurus, Pawpawsaurus, Pleurocoelus, Protohadros byrdi, Quetzalcoatlus*, Shuvosaurus, Stegoceras, Technosaurus, Tenontosaurus, Texascetes, Torosaurus, Tyrannosaurus rex