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Freedoms and Limitations

Art Gallery

Daniel Bichener


Brief and Specification

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In this project I am going to design a modern art gallery. It will be designed to make sure there is an outside space for art (Sculptures etc.) as well as an inside area.

There should be interactive areas for a range of ages in and around the gallery, especially for young children.

I must not disrupt the local area in any way and the gallery must fit in with the surroundings of it’s location.

The gallery should be able fit at least 1000 people at one time with a variety of indoor and outdoor spaces, many corridors and walkways, large rooms and at least 3 floors to accommodate these people and all of the art work.

The site in which my stadium will be situated is the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratford. This is a good site as it is full of architectural structures and nature.

I will need to look at the surrounding area of the park to see how the gallery can fit into the surrounding environment. My building may need to reflect the local area or it may need to contrast with it to make the gallery stand out.

The gallery should display a range of art including – portraits, paintings, photographs, sculptures and possibly textiles/fashion. This is so a wide range of people, with different interests, will come to the gallery.

There will need to be enough catering and toilet faculties for the maximum people allowance. These catering facilities must provide quality food and prices shouldn’t be too expensive as many London tourist attractions can prove to be quite costly.


The Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, located in Stratford, London, is a park built for the London 2012 Olympic Games. In the park there is the London Stadium, the Aquatics Centre and the Velodrome, amongst others. Next to the London Stadium, which is home to Premier League club West Ham United, is the ArcelorMittal Orbit, a red structure which is officially the largest piece of public art in the UK. The park is extremely large and has a river running through it, and around the London Stadium. Around the left hand side and bottom of the page are my primary photographs of the park. In 2018 a planned 18,000 seater music venue was announced, to be located in the Olympic Park. It was designed by MSG Ventures, the company who designed Madison Square Garden in New York. This shows that the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, which is a predominantly sporting park, is venturing out and brining new structures to the park which aren’t sport related. The music venue shows that the park is trying to appeal to a much wider range of people than sports fans which means an art gallery is perfect for the park. I think that having a gallery situated in the park will bring new people to the park and in turn they might go and explore the whole park, not just the gallery. It is also the perfect place to experiment with new, interesting architecture because there is so much there. All of the structures there are basically works of art in their own right and the park gives you the freedom to design something you want to design.

Location: Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park


Initial Wooden Block Models These were some initial models I made out of wooden blocks to see how putting blocks together could work, looking specifically at the heights and levels of the structures. I want to have at least 3 levels in my gallery, whether that’s the whole structure with 3 levels or just a side part that goes up 3 levels, so I thought that layering these blocks would give me some inspiration with that. I made three models like this and I like the way they turned out and there is definitely room for development. Once I had made these models I went onto SketchUp to try and design something similar to my designs, with different parts coming up and with the block shapes. This was just an initial idea to see how they could look as a building structure and I like the way it looks however it is a bit all over the place and obviously there isn’t much design thought put into it.

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Adding Ink to Blocks

After my initial models, which I thought were plain and boring I wanted to develop them by doing something similar but making them look less boring. I decided to dip some of the blocks in ink and splash some ink on others, and then place them together in different ways. This was so, firstly, I could see the blocks in a different way, with colour which is a lot more interesting and secondly just so I could place the blocks together in different ways – for more design ideas. Again I am pleased with how these models turned out and I like the idea of having a building that isn’t just a plain material of glass or metal and instead has some colour to it, it makes it a lot more eye-catching as a structure.

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Wood and string models

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The first initial block models were good and gave me inspiration however I felt that they were still quite plain and so I therefore decided to add a new material to make the shapes more exciting. I added the nails and string as a roof like structure to see how a plain wooden structure could be transformed by some string lofted above it. I really like how all four of my models turned out because of the spiderweb-like roof shape that was created. I think that on an actual structure this style of roof could work well as panels, with glass where the gaps are. This would create a wide, open roof that would let a lot of sunlight in, something which would work well for a gallery and wouldn’t make it feel small and dark, it would make it feel open and inviting.


Models Scale

I wanted to see my models with people next to them to see how they would look in scale. The string roof would be very tall but only because of the nails, it would be like a canopy. The wooden blocks layered on top could be the different floors, and I want at least three in final design so some of these designs may not work for that, but it is something I will need to look into.


Wood and string models – with plaster and wax

After making the models out of wood and string I wanted to add extra materials to it to develop it further and see it in a different way. Firstly I poured some hot wax over the wood and string, however this was very clear when it dried and didn’t stick well to the string. Therefore I decided to then pour plaster over the model. It does look messy however the dripping concept is something that interests me and I like the way some of the plaster drips off of the string and may be something I look at further on in the project with my final designs. This was just an experiment to see what it would look like and I have taken some positives from it, even though it does look very messy.


Round plaster models These are round plaster models which I made to look at a more formal, structural plaster style. Making models from plaster in this format meant I could focus on the ‘roof’ structure which I had made. I made three models I tried to make each one different, for the first I looked at squares and layering, for the second I looked at a pyramid shape and shapes spread out, and for the last one I look at minimal, large shapes placed together. I drew from these models to get inspiration for a roof design, with the different shapes forming together to create interesting horizons and forms.


Round plaster models – Development Models and Drawings

The previous model made me look at the ‘skyline’ of my models, and so I decided to create some wire models based on them and then draw them in different ways. I did this to look at how these line shapes could be used as a roof shapes, at the top of a structure. They could all work in different ways because of their uniqueness and I like the variety of curves and angles in them.


Round plaster model Following on from my previous round plaster models, I wanted to try again, and this time just using one shape, but a variety of times. I was pleased with the outcome of this model because of the amount of varied lines in the ‘roof’ shape. There is a lot that I can work with because of the variety of ways the lines can be interpreted each time you move the model around.


Round plaster model – CAD and SketchUp Based on the round plaster model that I made I decided to explore it further, firstly making a SketchUp model of it. I then looked at the floor plans and looked at the model in 3D Render Projection in CAD. I did this to explore how the model could work as an art gallery. I like this idea however I feel like it is quite simple because of its round shape, from the ground it will probably look quite boring. The roof is the only exciting part of the model. What would make the design better is if some of the shapes cam down the side, it would make it look better from the ground.


Round plaster model – development

I decided next to do the opposite of what I had been doing with the round plaster models, and focus on pushing shapes down instead of having them come on top. The outcome of this was a thicker model with nice smooth curved lines on top, with cone shapes going down. These cone shapes could be interpreted as windows or outdoor spaces for a building or even stairs and some form of elevation. After studying the model and drawing pictures from it I noticed that the cone shapes resembled icicles. Below are some photos of icicles I took that were on my shed. I took photos of some of the larger ones and smaller ones to get a varied look at their form and structures. These objects are interesting and could possibly be a good form of inspiration for me going forward. They could be used as inspiration for pillars on a building, for example.

Visual Inspiration – Icicles


Cone models

Round plaster model – development


Hollow plaster model Following on from my round plaster models I wanted to look at plaster in a different form. For this I got some plastic sheeting and folded it up, and then poured plaster into it. I made sure I didn’t use too much plaster and put it around the edges so that it was hollow once dry. I did this to get a sense of space, as you can’t see inside block models. I photographed it and drew it a number of ways to understand the space and to experiment with how I could use it as a structure for an art gallery. I think it would work well. If the model was turned over and faced upwards so the hollow part was facing down it would work well as a large, inside, open space. Next I might try these models with some ink as the white is quite plain.


This is the same hollow model as before, but this time I sprayed the model with a variety of coloured ink. I thought that the hollow model was good however it was quite dull as it was just a white colour. I used a variety of colours to make the model look more vibrant. I also thought that this idea relates to art, with all of the colours. I think a colourful building would be very eye-catching and would definitely stand out, something I want my art gallery to do. I am pleased with the way this model turned out with the new colours on it because it shows what a bit of colour can do to a plain structure.

Hollow plaster model – With Ink


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Smashing parts off of a model

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After the hollow models I made with ink on them, I decided to actually ink the plaster before it set and therefore it would dry the colour. This turned out really well and I then chose to knock out parts of the model three different times to see how it would look. I like the open top effect and it could be used in a structure as a glass roof or something similar.


Following on from the light blue coloured, hollow, plaster model that I had made I decided that I needed to see how one of my models looked as an actual gallery structure. I chose this one because I liked the curved shape it had. Firstly I covered up the hole at one end, and put in a giant window. I thought this would allow a lot of light into the gallery. I added the branding of a gallery, and the doors and windows etc. all to give it the look of a proper gallery. I think that the structure works well – it is tall enough to have more than one floor and it has an interesting curve/wrap shape.

Model to Structure

From above

Front elevation view


Plaster model – smashed up pieces placed together // No.1 After making hollow plaster models and experimenting with them I decided to make normal ones and then smash them up into large pieces and place them together. I did this to get a variety of angles and shapes that you wouldn’t necessarily get with a standard plaster model. I then drew from my photographs to explore the shapes and structures within my models. I think they turned out well and there is definitely room to develop these structures into an art gallery. I am going to do another one of these models to gather some more inspiration.


Plaster model – smashed up pieces placed together // No.2

These are photographs of the second model I made with smashed up plaster pieces. Again I really like the shapes that were created and I made some SketchUp and CAD models to show these shapes and how the harsh angles in the structure works, each block could be a different section of the gallery, for instance. I am now going to look closer at the floor plans - how these outlines could be used in relation to them.


Development – CAD Outlines

Based on some of the shapes I had drawn from my previous models I did some CAD outlines to have a look at how they would look on CAD, and how they would work in 3D. I really like these shapes and think that they would look really interesting from the ground as there is a lot to them, with lots of different angles and lines. These structures could be really interesting as an art gallery because of the different areas you could have within the structure.


Art Gallery Layouts KEY Gallery 2

Garden / Sculpture Area

Gallery 1

Gallery 4

Entrance / Grand Hall

Restaurant / Toilets

Stairs

Gallery 3

Following on from the CAD outlines I did I decided that I wanted to see how an art gallery could fit into these outlines. The outlines have very sharp angles so it was quite difficult to fit everything in. Firstly I had a quick look at other art galleries to see what they had in them and one common thing was different rooms for different art so I included three different galleries. I also included a garden round the sides because I want one in my final design so I wanted to see how one would fit on these particular outlines. I am pleased with how these turned out and it was good to experiment with layouts.


Planar Forms

These are two more plaster models I made, however I wanted to develop them in a different way rather that just drawing from them and then leave it. So once I had drawn outlines of the models I then cut them out on cardboard. I then cut slits in them and created these forms of the shapes connected together. I thought this would be a really interesting way to show the shapes of my plaster models as it is very different and has produced some really unique shapes.


Following on from the planar form models I decided to draw some structures related to pieces formed together. From these drawings I created some SketchUp and CAD designs to see how these forms would look as a structural building. I like the outcomes and think the lines crossing from block to block could be used as walkways around the gallery to get from one area of the gallery to another. These walkways could be made of glass, to be clear so that there is a lot of light streaming through the whole gallery.

Planar Forms – Drawings / Structure / SketchUp / CAD


Slicing

These are some cardboard models I made to reflect a wave effect. After experimenting with the planar forms of cardboard pieces connected together I wanted to see how different cardboard pieces, shaped slightly differently could be placed next to each other to create an effect. In this instance it was a wave effect and I really like how the model turned out, the wave shape could be really good for a roof structure on a gallery, especially if it was made of glass. It would be visually spectacular and also would let in light, I think it would work really well.


Slicing – Drawings / Structure


Wrapping Blocks

After making the ‘ wave’ style models, which involved a lot of lines, I wanted to make another set of models that use lines within them. I decided to use some of the wooden blocks that I had used at the start of the project and wrapped them in string. I like the shape that the final models have, the wrapping makes a interesting structure which is a lot more visually pleasing than just wooden blocks placed onto of one another.


I had used wooden blocks a lot in this project so after using them again for the wrapping models I wanted to do the models again but this time using random objects such as pliers, a glue stick and a scalpel. I did this because I thought that the more random the objects the more strange, interesting shapes could form. I am pleased with how the models turned out and I feel like the wrapping was a really good form of inspirational because you don’t see many buildings with this wrapping style.

Wrapping Objects


National Gallery - London

National Gallery Map As I am designing an art gallery I thought it would be best to look at a large, famous gallery to get some inspiration. I chose the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square, London. It is the third most visited museum in the U.K. behind the British Museum and the Tate Modern. It is extremely big and has over 2000 paintings, and has two floors. The paintings are spread out in sections relating to the years in which they were painted. These are things I could take into consideration when designing my own art gallery. For a start I should have more than two levels, but I think spreading paintings out and grouping them in terms of their age is a good idea because it shows clear sections on a map of the gallery. The gallery has good transportation links with Embankment and Charing Cross tube stations close by. I know that my location is the Olympic Park in London but I will have to make sure the gallery is accessible within the park and that there are signs/advertisements around promoting the gallery. The National Gallery does seem very historic and I like the fact that it is old and has classic paintings. Because of this I think its best if I design a more modern gallery with modern art as the Olympic Park is a vibrant place with a more youthful average visitor age because of the local shopping centre. Next I am going to go to the gallery to have a look at the inside to see how things are laid out and to look for certain things such as : how large are the gallery rooms? How large are the doors and corridors? And also, how much light is let it? I need to find these things out to help me with my understanding of art galleries and to help me when designing my final model.


Primary Photos of National Gallery

These are my own photographs I took when I went to visit The National Gallery in London. I looked at the different rooms, some of the ceilings, the doorframes and the stairways. It was interesting to visit a proper gallery to see how it is laid out and how everything is spaced. I noticed that the gallery is very spacious and very bright, there is a lot of glass on the ceilings. The doors and walkways are very large and tall and there is a lot of room. The rooms are about double the height of a normal room which is something I might have to think about when designing my final model. The National Gallery is very historic and old and I think I want to go for the opposite in my design, I want to go for a design that is more modern, more new and exciting. I love the old, historic gallery and the amazing portraits however I feel like I want my gallery to have more modern art and a more modern feel to it.


National Gallery Sketches

Looking at the selection of photographs that I took when I visited the National Gallery I thought it would be a good idea to do some sketches based on them. I did these because I wanted to get an idea of some of the angles and spaces within a gallery. I did sketches because I wanted them to be a rough outline to just see the plans and elevations simply. Next I am going to do some proper one point perspective gallery drawings taking inspiration from these drawings and then I am going to do some 3D CAD based on them to get a full understanding of gallery layouts.


I did these three drawings above based on a mix of my National Gallery photos and my memory of galleries I have been to in the past. I wanted to show the seats there are, the large paintings and some side corridors. These drawings help me with my gallery understandings and how things should be laid out. I then did some simple CAD viewpoints to see how they would look in proper 3D. I need to see if I can download better paintings on CAD as there are only the small ones which I have used, they aren’t very effective and are too small.

Art Galleries – 1 point perspective drawings and CAD 3D viewpoints


Orange Peel – Visual Inspiration Primary Photographs

Buildings inspired by the shapes of orange peels


After looking at the orange peel’s I wanted to do some models that reflected their spiral shape. I had already done some wire models at the start of the project but I decided to do some more to get a better understanding of their shape and forms. I am pleased with how these turned out because I did a fairly big range of different twists and spirals which I then drew to get a better understanding of how they could work as either a roof shape or spirals within the building.

Models


Guggenheim Museum New York

With my drawings and CAD model I chose to look at the Guggenheim Museum in New York for some visual inspiration because of it’s magnificent structure and shape. It was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and is similar to a cylinder shape. I chose to look at it because of it’s continuous gallery which spirals upwards, as you can see in my drawing, top right. I think this is a fantastic design because people can keep looking at the art without having to get lost, it is just one continuous spiral. I made a quick, simple CAD model just to see how it would look in that format and I was also looking at the stacking idea, with cylinders placed on top of one another to create an even longer cylinder.


Maison des Fondateurs With my CAD and SketchUp models

This building has a similar theme to the Guggenheim Museum, it spirals continuously downwards into the ground. It is a fantastic idea as it is a corridor that just follows on. After looking at the orange peel as visual inspiration I was really inspired by the spiral shape and I chose these two structures to see how other buildings had used it for their structure. This particular building, the Maison des Fondateurs, is a museum for watchmaker Audemars Piguet. Both buildings I have looked at are museums and this shows that the spiral structure works well for buildings where people have things to look at and are continuously moving around. I like the orange peel inspiration however after looking at these two buildings I feel like I need some more visual inspiration with a bit more too it, a bit more thickness and something I can change around. I am going to look at coins because these two structures have a coin shape about them. The good thing about coins is they are different shapes and sizes and you can also stack them.


Visual Inspiration – Coins (Freedoms and Limitations)

After looking at two sources of inspiration, the Guggenheim Museum and the Maison Des Fondateurs, both spiral shaped structures that have strong circle shapes within them, I decided to gather some inspiration from real life round shaped objects. I chose coins because of the variety of shapes, colours and angles – all of which are interesting in different ways. Placing them on top of each other in different ways provided a lot of different shapes and structures, which I then drew to try and get some understanding of the shapes. With my brief of wanting at least three levels in my art gallery this inspiration gives me the freedom to provide that but in a visually pleasing structural way. There are cool shapes and angles in the structures but they all have at least three floors. This inspiration is very practical and I am going to experiment with it further to see how it could work as an art gallery structure. The inspiration of coins also links with the theme – money has its freedoms and limitations for people with the amount you can spend etc.


Following on from the coins that I took visual inspiration from, I decided to cut out some cardboard squares and play around with some other materials such as wire to develop the shapes and structures further. This worked well and the models have a bit more to them in terms of shape, the wire helps some of the cardboards circles stand up higher. I like these ideas and I still think the circle idea is good for my brief of having three floors or more, as circles are a great shape for stacking.

Further Visual Inspiration – Cardboard (& other materials)


Option for garden area on top of roof?

Simple CAD Models – Structure

After looking at the coins I started by choosing the most simple structure, the standard round shape layering, and looking at it on CAD, to see how it would work structurally and whether any pillars would be needed. The models are simple, but it was helpful for me to look at the shapes like this, to help me develop them further.


Models based on CAD Models and Drawings

In my brief I stated that I want at least three floors in my final art gallery design so I decided to develop on further from my previous CAD model and use three circle shapes on top of each other, getting smaller as they go up. I did this because I wanted to see how the layering could work with each structure hanging over the edge, just enough so it didn’t need any extra support from pillars. I really like this idea and I put some grass on top of the model to give the impression of a garden on top. I want a sculpture garden along side my art gallery so putting it on top could be another way to design it.


Cutting a model in half

After making the model with three circles on top of each other I thought that it would be a waste to move on without slicing the model in half to see how the interior space could be used. After slicing open the model I could see it was worth it as there are some really could curves inside that would make great walls for art. Having the three levels as well is really good and it is good to see how they fit together and how a stairway or lift could be installed to get up to the next levels. I think this model works well structurally also, each level seems well supported.


Cutting a model in half I wanted to make the cut in half model large, and with people in it, to see the scale and how it could work as a building. The three floors works well and it isn’t too large, just big enough to fit the right amount of art and people.

There may not be enough room for a restaurant and toilets however this is obviously just an initial model and that is something I will have to consider when designing my final model.


Drawing and Model - Scale

After the model I did previously I decided to draw from it and see how that looked. I then put people in to test the design for scale. I think the scale works well, it isn’t too big but is large enough for three floors and a lot of people. I think I could develop it more and have grass on the roof of each floor which could turn into a sculpture garden on top of each floor. This would obviously have to come with safety precautions and barriers around the sides to stop falling but I don’t think that would detract from the style of the building.


Developments – CAD and SketchUp Model

The SketchUp model, above, is one I did based on the previous model and drawing. I like that model and I could’ve made a replica in SketchUp however I didn’t feel like it was architectural interesting so instead I decided to take inspiration from the model and create a design that uses the circle shapes, and with circles on top of others, but I added more and created a more developed structure.

I did this to try and make a structure that had three floors but not in a conventional way. I like the way this design came out and it looks quite eye-catching. It also has three floors which is good and I like the way it is spread out and not that all.


Outdoor Sculpture Garden Images – Primary and Secondary


Outdoor Sculpture Garden – CAD / SketchUp / Models


V&A Museum Garden Elytra Filament Pavilion

The Elytra Filament Pavilion was designed by architects at the University of Stuttgart, and displayed at the V&A Museum garden back in 2016. I looked into sculpture gardens as I want one for my gallery and this is one of the pieces of art that I saw while looking. The shapes and structures, which are very puzzle-like in the way they fit together, inspired me and I really wanted to look into it more.

I decided to draw from the pictures to see what it looks like structurally and the hexagon shape is really interesting and something that I want to explore further. After looking at circles and cylinders I think it is good to change it up a bit and explore some structures that have angles and lines on them.


Models Based on Elytra Filament Pavilion After looking at the Elytra Filament Pavilion, and its shape and structure I decided to make some simple models made of chicken wire that reflected some of its hexagonal shapes. I like the hexagon shape and when fitted together it can create an amazing structure. I like this models and it they were a structure made of a clear material it could make a fantastic roof design.


Further Models Based on Elytra Filament Pavilion I wanted to see how the hexagon shapes would work together, as a pavilion structure, without the need for pillars holding it up. For this I made a curved hexagon model, so that it was freestanding. It has a good roof structure that curves over.


I made CAD hexagon structures to see how they would fit together, and they do quite well. I then made a simple model based on hexagons just as a simple idea. I really like the hexagonal shape and if done well it can create an amazing structure, a puzzle like structure because of how well they fit together. I think, like my drawing bottom left, the less precise the hexagons are the better they look because they are a bit more interesting and unusual.

CAD, Drawings, and Model based on the Hexagon Shape


I first made the cardboard models based on the two pavilions I had looked at. From those three structures I could see a common theme of shapes, mainly hexagons, pentagons etc. I decided to take some inspiration from the shapes and made some simple cardboard models, I folded them inwards to create a different effect. I then cut out some wired mesh into hexagon shapes and curved them round to create thimble looking structure. Once I had made these models I put them together to create one, larger model that I am very pleased with. The two different materials together creates an interesting shape and structure and there indents of the cardboard make good openings for entrances. I can already visualise these models as a art gallery structure because of the interesting openings and indents that have been created. I am next going to explore and sketch some exterior views based on these models.

Further Model Development


Option for a grand staircase in the centre

Following on from the previous models that I had made I decided to make a simple outline model of it on CAD, just showing the shape of the structure, in particular the walls. I did this because I wanted to see inside it, so therefore I didn’t include a roof and also so that I could see how it is laid out and how I can use it as a gallery. I decided to draw from the models and then fill in with colour how I could use the sections in a gallery format. The layout is quite simple, and is just basic shapes however the concept of having these three areas is important to my gallery design as these are key areas. I think a garden/sculpture area would be really good for the gallery as it is an extra place and has a different form of art in it. Overall I am happy with the layout design because it helps me going forward with how it could be laid out however it need to make it a bit more complicated and different so it isn’t simplistic and boring.

CAD Models & Looking at Function

Key Gallery Area Food / Toilets Garden Area


Based on Hexagon Drawing

SketchUp Design

CAD and SketchUp Model

CAD Render Projection

Based on the hexagon models I had been making, I decided to place a range of hexagons together and on top of each other to create a structure. I really like how it has turned out because of the shapes and edges it has and also the size looks good for an art gallery structure. I think the model could also have three floors or more because of the variety of shapes on top of each other. I really like this idea and I would look to combine it with my earlier, circular models.

CAD side view and from above


I made the model large and placed some people in it to get a sense of the scale. I also made a large opening at the front where people can enter . I think this idea works well and a glass roof would make the structure bright and feel open.

CAD Model - Scale


Once I had made the large CAD model I noticed that in all of the hexagon shape research I had done, the buildings were flat or square so I wanted to look at the shape in another format. I chose to look at the Eden Project because of its dome shaped structures that incorporate the hexagon shape. I really like the design of the Eden Project especially because of the material they use, thermoplastic cells with steel frames. This plastic lets in so much light and makes the inside of the domes so bright. I think this would be good for my gallery as the more light the better, dark galleries don’t work. As I was researching and looking at photos of the structure I noticed that it resembled a golf ball. A golf ball is a dome shape that has hexagons on it as well. My next step will be to look at golf balls and see how I could use them as some visual inspiration.

The Eden Project My Drawings and Secondary Photos


Following on from looking at the Eden Project I decided that they resembled golf balls and therefore decided to use them as visual inspiration. I cut the golf ball in half to create a wider range of models, and with better shapes and variations. I tried as many variations as possible and then simply drew them to see what forms they had. I like these models and I think a golf ball is an interesting item to take visual inspiration from because of the shape of it and also the intricate details of the hexagonal shapes within it. I think the dome shape of half a golf ball would look amazing on top of a building, made of glass to let a lot of light in. This could be a centre point at the top of the building, something to make it stand out.

Visual Inspiration based on The Eden Project – Golf Balls


Primary Photos and Plan Drawings - Harpa Reykjavík

“Harpa is a concert hall and conference centre in Reykjavík, Iceland. The building features a distinctive coloured glass facade inspired by the basalt landscape of Iceland.”

I chose to look at this building in more detail because I like the way it is laid out and I also like the way it takes inspiration from it’s surrounding area.

The basalt landscape of Iceland.

It also has hexagon shapes on the outside of the building which I like and some of the patterns aren’t too dissimilar to that of a golf ball. I really like the building, especially the materials. Because of the glass it makes the inside of the building really bright and makes the outside of it stand out from a long way away.


Models based on Harpa ReykjavĂ­k

Freedoms and Limitations - Art Gallery  
Freedoms and Limitations - Art Gallery  

Daniel Bichener Exam Project

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