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The Jesuit Chronicle



Social media renews sexual assault conversations GRAPHIC COURTESY OF ANDREA BIAN, ’18



n recent months, celebrities and high-profile leaders have been accused of sexual assault, calling attention to the rampant problem of sexual harassment and assault in multiple environments and industries. Sexual assault allegations began spreading across social and news media in the fall of 2017, when actress Ashley Judd accused entertainment mogul Harvey Weinstein of sexual assault, igniting a slew of other stories from many women who had interacted with Weinstein throughout their careers (The New York Times). These stories exposed the widespread issue of sexual assault, particularly in Hollywood and the entertainment industry, where the issue had largely been kept quiet. In the time since the Weinstein stories broke, high-profile leaders such as Matt Lauer (cohost of “Today”), John Conyers (Democratic U.S. Representative for Michigan), and Larry Nassar (USA Gymnastics team doctor and Michigan State osteopathic physician) have been accused of sexual assault, in most cases effectively damaging or ending their careers. Particularly notable are the allegations against Nassar, who on Jan. 24 was sentenced to 40 to 175 years in prison for multiple child molestation and sex abuse crimes during his time as a physician. More than 150 women publicly testified during his seven-day court hearing (The New York Times). On Oct. 15, when the initial allegations against Weinstein began spreading, actress Alyssa Milano called attention to the #MeToo movement on Twitter, where many victims of sexual harassment or assault would share their stories with the hashtag #MeToo. Since this time, the movement has exploded across all

social media platforms (The Atlantic), allowing it to reach people of all backgrounds, especially students. “With #MeToo, I can see other people’s experiences about sexual assault,” junior Madelyn Schur said. “People aren’t scared to come out about sexual assault [anymore].” Contrary to the possible impression that #MeToo stemmed solely from recent social media events, the phrase “Me Too” was coined in 2006 by American civil rights activist Tarana Burke. Following her experiences of sexual assault and her involvement working with other victims, Burke’s words were eventually the basis of her nonprofit organization, Just Be Inc., which helps victims of sexual harassment and assault (The New York Times). Burke has since appeared at the Golden Globe Awards and other public platforms to speak about the phrase and movement she created. “I think that these movements bring forward that these issues are real, and that they’ve been

NEWS INFLUENZA EPIDEMIC: Read more about the virus strain responsible for the particularly deadly influenza epidemic that has taken the United States by storm this winter. pg 2

going on for many, many years,” Dean of Students Ms. Emily Hagelgans said. “It’s time to really evaluate that and figure out how to change it and move forward.” #MeToo particularly brought attention to the amount of abuse that people experience in the workplace, which was the setting of the majority of stories that people shared with the hashtag. In turn, a group of more than 300 women in the entertainment industry, in which Weinstein was once famously successful, founded the Time’s Up Legal Defense Fund on Jan. 1, a movement dedicated to eliminating assault in work environments. According to its website, the movement not only combats sexual assault, but also addresses the issues of workplace inequality. “Harassment too often persists because perpetrators and employers never face any consequences,” the introductory letter on the Time’s Up website said. “We remain committed to...the goal of shifting our society’s perception and treatment of women.” Educators and adminis

HUMOR FACULTY RETREAT: What do teachers really do during their weekly Tuesday mior Faculty and Staff meetings? Find out more about their mysterious activities and traditions. pg 15

trators are often aware that sexual harassment and assault can be pervasive and largely unreported in school environments. Teachers and faculty at Jesuit have taken steps to bring awareness and education regarding the issue. “In classes we’ve learned a lot about the difficulty of preventing sexual assault,” senior Michael Boly said. “[I learn about it from] Ethics class, along with Peace and Justice.” However, Boly believes more could be done to allow students to feel comfortable about reporting incidents of assault or harassment. “[I hear] stories from friends,” Boly said. “I think we don’t hear about [sexual assault] happening as often as it actually does.” Some members of Jesuit faculty, including all of the administrators, have participated in a Green Dot training, which covers issues from bullying to peer pressure. However, Green Dot can also help in issues that have to do with harassment or assault. “It really is focusing

SPORTS SENIOR ATHLETE KNEELS: Read more about the process senior basketball player Amyr Lowe went through as she knelt during the playing of the National Anthem before a game. pg 10

PAGE EDITOR: Hana Jayaraman

on power-based violence,” Ms. Hagelgans said. “The idea with the Green Dot is to help our students feel confident and to develop a more real community that does not accept any of that power-based violence.” While Green Dot is only in its incipient stages of development, Ms. Hagelgans hopes that students and faculty will soon feel comfortable supporting each other, an environment vital to the elimination of sexual assault. “I think Green Dot will just help to give students courage,” Ms. Hagelgans said. “It’s really supporting their community.” As for the potential issues of sexual assault in high schools, Ms. Hagelgans believes that widespread education is critical. “[Education] helps us, when we see things happening, to be able to step in and alleviate the situation,” Ms. Hagelgans said. “Females working in male-dominated work forces need to learn how to navigate that. I think these are all things important for young people to know in the world that we live in right now.”

LIFESTYLE PETS REDUCE STRESS: Check out the mental and physiological benefits of interacting with America’s third most popular fluffy, curious animal companion: dogs (! pg 14





Blood of Christ removed from Mass at Jesuit




he distribution of the Blood of Christ will no longer occur as a result of a change in the policy of the Office of Divine Worship in Portland. Placing an emphasis on the desire to ensure the sanctity of the Precious Blood, the Oregon Archdiocese has recently released this significant change. Campus Ministry Director Mr. Don Clarke, stated that the catalyst for the change came in the form of a letter just before Catholic Schools Week. “[Jesuit] received a letter a few weeks ago from the Office of Divine Worship saying that for the Church in Western Oregon, if Mass takes place in a [location] that is not a church that [Jesuit] refrains from distributing the Precious Blood,” Clarke said. The official letter from the Office of Divine Worship in Portland clarified the change as well as providing reasoning behind the recent shift.

“Given the obligation of the Diocesan Bishop to establish appropriate regulations in this regard and in light of the above observations, the new Liturgical Norms for the Archdiocese (June 2018) will state that Communion under both kinds should not be administered outside of a church building,” the Office of Divine Worship wrote. “ This includes locations like a school gymnasium, nursing homes; or when there is a large congregation; or where the configuration of the church is such that a reverent and orderly distribution cannot be achieved without the risk of spillage or profanation.” Senior Brogan Mooney, a sacristan, commented on the future implications surrounding the change in the distribution of the Precious Blood and their impact on the Eucharistic Minister rotation. “For the assignment of [Eucharistic Ministers] who were originally distributing communion once

or twice a month, they will now only get the opportunity once every two months,” Mooney said. According to senior Brigitte Mepham, a sacristan at Mass, the distribution of the Precious Blood is not the only change students can

expect to see at Mass. “When Jesuit does distribute the Blood of Christ on Encounters for example, the Blood of Christ will have to be in a chalice made of precious metals rather than the previously used glass chalices,” Mepham said.

The Office of Divine Worship justified the change by citing concerns about the durability of glass chalices. “We have been asked to no longer use glass chalices, because there is a fear that they could break,” Clarke said.

The majority of patients this flu season are being diagnosed with a subtype of influenza A called H3N2. H3N2 is a dominant strain of influenza that consistently produces higher mortality rates and is more aggressive in the severity of its symptoms. The United States has handled this specific illness before, most recently in the 2014-2015 flu season.

So why is this year different? Dr. Dan Jernigan, director of the influenza division of the CDC’s national center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, addressed the abnormalities of the novel virus in a recent interview. “The first is that flu activity became widespread within almost all states and ju-

risdictions at the same time,” Jernigan said. “The second is that flu activity has now stayed at the same level for 3 weeks in a row, with 49 states reporting widespread activity, each week, for 3 weeks.” Seasonal influenza outbreaks typically start in the east and work their course to the west coast. Flu activity peaks between September and February, and in severe cases can last as late as May. However, this particular strain differs from the norm. Patients seek answers on why their usual remedy, the flu vaccine, was deemed unusually ineffective this year. Dr. Paul Lewis MD, Tri-County Health Officer, illustrates the causes behind the imperfections of the H3N2 combatant. “There is a strong hypothesis that the vaccine is less effective for the worst flu (H3N2) because of how it is made in the eggs. Fortunately, there are now vaccines made in systems other than eggs which may circumvent the problem,” said Dr. Lewis. Lack of vaccinations, especially among children, resulted in temporary closure of schools nationwide. Dr. Ul-

mer MD, a local pediatrician at the Portland Clinic advises that although quarantining a school system may seem excessive, when a community is faced with index cases such as H3N2, the best thing to do is take the critical mass out of circulation. “If you close the schools, the propagations stop. Children are the big engine for the flu. If you can stop kids from passing it to each other, you can halt epidemics,” Ulmer said. However, under the demanding schedule of a high school student, sacrificing school for sickness is daunting. Sophomore Betsy MacMillan was struck with an intense case of the seasonal flu, lasting the entirety of semester one finals. “The pressure [of missing school] stemmed from not wanting to fall behind, knowing I would be missing all my finals,” MacMillan said. “But going to school wasn’t helping. Once I did stay home, I saw a significant let up in my symptoms.” Regardless of the ineffectiveness of this year’s flu vaccine, doctors adamantly encourage patients to always vaccinate and to put your health first.

Flu season sweeps through the United States BY ERIN FOLEY, ’19


he deadly flu epidemic is taking the nation by storm. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 56 pediatric deaths have been reported as of February 4th since the flu’s official commencement on Oct. 1.


PAGE EDITOR: Sayantan Ganguly





Semester two comes with changes for students



n an email sent Jan. 5th, the administration announced changes to the tardy policy and the cell phone use policy. These changes went into effect in the second semester. Rather than parents

calling the office to excuse their child from a tardy, the new policy allows students, who arrive late within twenty minutes, three tardies. Students will be issued a jug after receiving three tardies. Arriving anytime after the first 20 minutes will automatically result in an after-school COURTESY OF AIDEN CRAVEN ’19

Students using their now-prohibited phones in the library.

jug. According to the dean of students and activities, Mrs. Emily Hagelgans, the administration considered student equity when changing the tardy policy. “Was it fair for students who have the parent available to make the call and not get a jug [while] the kids who...legitimately have a reason why their parent can’t make the call get a jug?” Mrs. Hagelgans said. The concern over the fairness of the tardy policy is echoed in the student body. “It seems more fair for students who don’t have a parent to call in,” senior Birgitta Carlson said. Senior Marianna Rojas voices concern over the new tardy policy. “[The new tardy policy] seems to be a punishment for factors students can’t control,” Rojas said. An additional reason for the change was the new Oregon Distracted Driver Law passed back in October. “You’re not supposed

Kids just want to have funds BY SAYANTAN GANGULY, ’18


he student fundraiser is a unique way Jesuit raises money to help with financial aid for students. Each year the school asks its students to write a short paragraph detailing why they enjoy their time at school. In addition, ten addresses of friends and families are asked to be given by the students. “The idea is that the students write a well-written paragraph and then we mail those out to the ten addresses they send,” alumni Kyle Carter, the organizer of the student fundraiser, said. “[The school] adds two paragraph explaining what the paragraphs is and requests a donation to the school.” About 26% of the student body receives aid in one form or another; it assures that Jesuit can be afforded by everyone who wishes to attend. “Last year we raised about $152,000, and this year we aim to raise about $160,000,” Carter said. “Although it was kind of a down year, we are confident that

we will bounce back this year.” While the majority of the money raised is for student aid, the rest of the money is used to buy new objects for the school. “Some portion of the money raised is dedicated just for the Arrupe Fund,” senior Katie Amann, a student government officer, said. “However there is some money dedicated to making improvements for the school.” Last year these funds were used to add several new items to the school including sliding whiteboards, sports supplies, and environmental projects. “I really love how the

fundraiser helps everyone in our school,” senior Robin Tan said. “It really motivates me to write all my letters as soon as possible; well that and the bundt-cakes being the reward for the first 100 students who gets their letters in.” In addition to the bundt-cakes, there are several other incentives for student participation. These include an ice cream party for 80% participation, a pizza party for 100% participation, and a day off of school for 85% participation for the entire school. “The more students that participate in the fundraiser, the more successful it will be,” Amann said.


PAGE EDITOR: Jane Ferguson

to be using your phone while you’re driving and so that [situation] of having to call a parent if the student was driving was in violation of traffic laws,” Mrs. Hagelgans said. Another aspect of the second semester changes was the decision to restrict cell phone use in the library. Students used to be able to use cell phones strictly for educational purposes, however, cell phones are now not allowed because of the distractions they have created for students. According to the dean of students and security, Mr. Khalid Maxie, the administration hopes to keep the library a place of study for students who want to focus on their school work. “[The library is a place] to connect and be productive with the understanding that other students are here trying to study. Allowing students to access their phones for things other than studying is counterproductive to that; it doesn’t create

an environment that is conducive to learning,” Mr. Maxie said. Many students appreciate the more studious environment in the library. “With the new phone policy, there are less distractions in the library when I study for tests,” Carlson said. Though some students enjoy the policy change, others remark that it limits students who listen to music while they study. “Students listen to music to block out distractions to focus on their work,” Rojas said. The last aspect of the second semester changes was Jesuit’s decision to start serving breakfast. The decision seems to be well liked by students for its convenience. “I think that starting breakfast at Jesuit is a really great idea [because] breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and a lot of students don’t have the opportunity to eat breakfast before they come to school,” Carlson said.


Father J.K. Adams speaking at the student fundraiser.

Fr. Adams leaving BY KESHAV SIDDHARTHA, ’19


ather J.K. Adams, teacher and priest at Jesuit High School, will be transfered to Gonzaga Preparatory School in Spokane, Washington. This came after the society of Jesus asked him to join this new community to serve as a theology teacher and chaplain. Over the last 12 years, Father Adams has served as a member of the board of trustees, helped the campus ministry in a variety of tasks, served as a chaplain for numerous sports teams and taught Hebrew Christian Scriptures

and Contemporary Catholic Identity and Culture. Many students love having him as a teacher, and feel he truly cares. Students described the unique nature of his classroom environment and how much he connected with his students. Throughout these roles, Father Adams has maintained a constant presence in our Jesuit High School community and impacted hundreds of lives through his daily interactions and extracurricular activities. He embodies the life of St. Ignatius and serves as a constant reminder of Christian morals and the Jesuit High School community will miss him dearly.


4 Mrs. Chambers retires as Admissions Assistant





ongtime admissions assistant Mrs. Patsy Chambers will retire after her 30 year tenure at Jesuit High School. She began working at Jesuit in February of 1988. She has seen a lot of change during her time at Jesuit. She saw the school go from all male to coed. She has also witnessed many changes in the administration, as she has worked with three Presidents, four Principals and four Admissions Directors. Although when she started she was both an admissions and counseling assistant, when Jesuit became a co-ed school she began solely the admissions assistant job. She appreciates all the hard work that goes into each admis-

sions cycle every year. “I like helping the students and parents through the application process,” Mrs. Chambers said. “I think that is one of things I am going to miss, having them apply, come for their shadow visits, take their placement tests and making the applicants feel comfortable through the entire process.” Mrs. Chambers feels Jesuit is a second home to her and will greatly miss seeing all her friends everyday. “[I have enjoyed] the relationships I have made with faculty and students here,” Mrs. Chambers said. “You make lifelong friends it’s like an extended family.” She has many plans once she retires this sum-

Ethics Team Wins State On February 10th, the ethics team competed in the Oregon High School Ethics Bowl, debating and discussing moral issues and using ethical frameworks for their arguments. The team won by explaining their arguments clearly, defending their claims, and answering judges questions thoughtfully.

mer and hopes to spend more time with her family. “I’m looking forward to celebrating my 50th anniversary with my husband this summer at Yosemite National Park, where we spent our honeymoon,” Mrs. Chambers said. “I’m also looking forward to spending more time with my family and my three wonderful grandsons.” After the retirement of Mrs. Chambers this year, Mrs. Rachel McQueen will take over her duties as the new admissions assistant. Having graduated from Jesuit in 2005 she already has knowledge of the school. However, she believes and has seen how the school has changed immensely since her departure. “The offices, the math and science building are new additions,” said Mrs. McQueen. “The library changed too, I walked in there recently and thought, ‘wow, this is new!’” After her time at Jesuit, Mrs. McQueen moved to Arizona where she studied and worked in several medical practices as a receptionist. Also, during her time in Arizona, she got married and had a son. She is adjusting


Mrs. Chambers (left) retires, Mrs. McQueen (right) begins job. well at Jesuit but still finds it strange to work with her former teachers and a difficult adjustment at first. “I see some of my teachers from when I went here, and I’m having a hard time remembering to call them by their first names,” Mrs. McQueen said. Mrs. McQueen is enjoying shadowing Mrs.

Chambers and is extremely excited to continue to work on future admissions cycles. “My favorite part of admissions so far has been the family interview, because at that point you get see the whole family and how excited they are about coming to Jesuit,” Mrs. McQueen said.

The rigorous admissions process explained BY SYDNEY COLLINS, ’18


ach year approximately six hundred eighth graders apply to fill three hundred and twenty spots in the incoming freshman class. The Jesuit admissions process is extensive and thorough in order to continue the trend of a diverse and inclusive community. “Jesuit is incredibly professional when it comes to their admissions process. I filled out my application on paper for another school, and that was it. For Jesuit, every time I opened my application or thought about going, I felt it was very personalized,” senior Luke Stream said. Admissions Director, Erin DeKlotz, spends the majority of her school year organizing the ad-

missions process while also highlighting the best aspects Jesuit has to offer. Mrs. DeKlotz is one of the many faculty members who helps to facilitate this “ten thousand piece jigsaw puzzle” that comes together during the admissions process and that will soon create the JHS class of 2022. “I think we have to have an in-depth admissions process because we have so much interest in our school. In order to make the best [admissions] decisions, we must have many data points about our applicants,” Mrs. DeKlotz said. When applying for Jesuit, eighth graders can expect to attend the Open House, Shadow an ambassador for a school day, be interviewed by a faculty

member, take a placement test, request recommendation letters from their 8th grade teachers, and respond to meaningful questions through the online application. “The interviews add a personal touch to the application, so it’s not just about paper in a file.We want to see our applicants live as human beings. We want to meet you and hear about your concerns, questions, and passions in person,” Mrs. DeKlotz said. The Jesuit 8th grade admissions process has many different aspects, each with a specific and meaningful purpose. The process is designed to evaluate students who would best fit the community of Jesuit, not simply accepting the applicants with the highest test scores, the

most prominent athletes or students with the shiniest resumes. “The other thing about our process is that it involves the parents, because the Jesuit is much more than a place you send your kids to school. It’s about family and community, and we really want to make sure that applicants and their families understand our mission,” Mrs. DeKlotz said. Jesuit High School stands proudly on its sense of community which is highlighted in the Open House in October. Many prospective students are able to find their passions and opportunities that are represented by the student Ambassadors and faculty. “I’m very aware that we need balance and we need diversity with-

PAGE EDITOR: Lauren Williams

in our school. Ultimately, we want kids that are really open to growth. That is huge. We want students who are going to respond to the full gamut of what Jesuit offers by saying “Bring it on!”’ Mrs. DeKlotz said. For many Jesuit students that endure the process, stress builds up through the year as they wait to receive their admissions decisions. “I was so nervous about not getting admitted because I thought it would dictate my entire future. My stress was quickly relieved when I found out that I was chosen. I felt a sense of pride and joy within myself because I know how many competitive classmates had applied for only limited spots,” freshman Julia Braun said.

FEATURES 5 Cryptocurrency: mining your own business





n early December of 2017, the value of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies (Ethereum, Litecoin, etc.) skyrocketed. Although the digital currencies slowly gained value and attention throughout all of last year, the jump from $14,000 per bitcoin to $20,000 surprised investors and spectators. News of wealthy businessmen spending millions of dollars on cryptocurrencies drew the attention of more and more investors to the digital currency market. Like most goods and services in our economy, the price of a product is related to demand. If people want Bitcoin, the prices are going to rise, and if they don’t prices will drop.

“[Bitcoin trading] is a bull market,” senior Vikrant Sharma said. “To say that [Bitcoin] is stabilized, crashed, or gone up, people are making these claims in a span of days.” Before the historically high value of Bitcoin could stabilize, the entire market crashed due to manipulation and governments announcing laws restricting cryptocurrency usage, plummeting prices back down. Many skeptics of Bitcoin compare it with stocks, citing that the extreme volatility of Bitcoin discredits its investment value. Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency, online money which is decentralized from the government, anonymous to use, and free to transfer payments. Other cryptocurrency, called Alt-

coin, followed the 2009 creation of Bitcoin by an anonymous party known as Satoshi Nakamoto. Mining cryptocurrencies require people to allocate processing power from their central processing units (CPU’s) or power from their graphics processing units (GPU’s). These pieces of computer hardware are also responsible for bolstering speeds of processing data and making gaming smoother. “A few years ago, mining profitability was much more difficult,” Sharma, who recently began to mine an Altcoin called Zcash, said. “Back in 2010, the first Bitcoin exchange was 10,000 bitcoin for 2 pizzas. If it took 1 hour to mine 1 bitcoin, it took 5,000 hours to buy 1 pizza. Mining profitability has skyrocketed compared to

what it used to be.” Recent increase in the value of all cryptocurrencies created incentive for people interested in the process of creating them, known as “miners,” to invest in hardware to “mine” the digital currency. Members of the Jesuit community, like Sharma, are a part of this growing community of miners which witnessed the profitability of cryptocurrencies following the value peak in December. “I’m just trying to get a few dollars a day, just for fun,” senior Alec Schuler said. “I have no intention of buying actual cryptocurrencies, but I want to invest in capital or hardware.” The alarming fluctuation in values of Bitcoin and Altcoins have started debates among classical economists and newer investors.

“They will definitely be globalized and used widely, but I don’t know for what. That’s definitely a large fork in the community, whether it will be used to hold wealth or used for transactions,” senior McCall Delaney said. Others are voicing their concerns as to the feasibility of cryptocurrency. “I initially dismissed [cryptocurrency] as a fad,” AP Macroeconomics teacher Mr. Simons said. “Economists, however, are beginning to pay attention to cryptocurrencies but I don’t think they will ever replace our current money system.” Cr yptocurrencies have shocked the world with their surprising ascension into mainstream economics. Even with large-scale discussion between supporters and naysayers, cryptocurrencies are holding.

Peer pressure weighs heavy on student lives BY LAUREN WILLIAMS, ’18


eer pressure, also referred to as social influence, is prominent in high schoolers lives, affecting their academic performance, identity, and relationships. Adolescence is a time of transformation and self discovery. Peer pressure, “a feeling that one must do the same things as other people of one’s social group in order to be liked or respected by them” (Merium Webster), impacts a number of aspects of teenagers’ lives and causes challenges in an extremely formative time. Societal influence comes in three different forms: direct, indirect, and individual pressure. TeXT, a nonprofit professional development organization, partners with educators to improve public schools. In an article detailing

the effect peer pressure has on teenagers, it outlines the general definition of peer pressure and explains the three forms. “Direct peer pressure is a group of teenagers actually telling another teenager what they should be doing” (TeXT). “Indirect peer pressure is not necessarily verbal but optical. One teenager who is hanging out with a group of friends who smoke is exposed to this negative behavior and may think it is acceptable” (TeXT). “Individual peer pressure is trying too hard to fit in and doing things because other people are doing them” (TeXT). Many things contribute to the immense amount of pressure in high schoolers’ lives, but social media plays one of the strongest roles in

creating a climate full of tension among peers and dictating their lives. “Kids more and more are living their lives based off how many likes they get on their pictures, that is how their self worth is based,” Jesuit counselor for 12 years, Mr. Jason Barry said. “It’s not about who you know, it’s about how many followers you have.” The usage of social media accounts, especially Snapchat and Instagram, directly contributes to teenagers feeling pressure to act and look a certain way, even if it is not true to themselves. “Sometimes I see people commenting on [Instagram] photos of people who they barely talk to or know,” sophomore Nikka Ness said. “They are doing it to simply portray a certain image and it doesn’t seem genuine.”


Peer influence, present at school and on social media apart from school, has a major connection to students’ academic performance. “Kids would rather spend time getting the right picture or filter than writing a paper,” Mr. Barry said. Students at Jesuit have the potential to influence other students’ mindset about getting good grades and succeeding academically, causing tension in their relationships. “The general culture around school is to seem relaxed about failing a test or getting a bad grade, so if you are someone who does care, it forces those people to care less,” senior Sam Judge said. When teenagers experience any kind of peer pressure they tend to modify their choices or behaviors in order to conform to what their friends are doing. Since

adolescence is a crucial time of development, this pressure could lead to an identity crisis or confusion. “Because acceptance by a peer group becomes so important, teens may modify their speech, dress, behavior, choices, and activities in order to become more similar to their peers,” (Mental Help). Students at Jesuit recognize that peer pressure is rampant and widespread at Jesuit and that it impacts them in ways they barely realize. “A conversation came up about a student who had a lot of keys on their keychain, which makes it very loud when they walk and annoyed the person I was talking to,” Judge said. “Even though I knew that didn’t matter I thought to myself in the moment: note to self, don’t put too many keys on my keychain.”





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Newsies cast serve homeless at St.Francis.

Jeff Calhoun assists drama team BY KENNEDY HERING, ’18


he Broadway director of Newsies, Jeff Calhoun, came to Jesuit during the week of February 12 to watch and offer advice to the Jesuit cast of Newsies during rehearsals. Jeff Hall, co-director of Jesuit’s drama program, is responsible for communicating with Calhoun and planning his visit. “We got connected with [Calhoun] because we’re a pilot production,” Hall said. “He heard about our show, and through the people at Disney and Music Theater International, we’ve been able to talk with him and other people who were involved in the [Broadway] show.” The drama program has the ability to invite high profile guests like Calhoun to the school thanks to a special fund set up in honor of a Jesuit alum. “What’s great is we have the Sam Wasson Memorial Guest Artists Series,” Hall said. “Sam was a student who passed away during college and was really heavily involved in the [Jesuit drama] program. His parents set up a fund so we could invite guest artists to come and we’ve been able to have some awesome guest artists in the last seven or eight years because of that. Even when we don’t use

that fund, knowing we have that fund allows us to ask guest artists to come because we can fly them in or pay them if they need to be payed. So we asked [Calhoun] and he said, ‘Yeah, let’s do it.’” The cast of Newsies anxiously awaited Calhoun’s arrival and appreciated the guidance he brought during his visit. “It’s such a cool opportunity to be able to interact with him and get some insight on the show,” senior Paul Danowski said. “The fact that we got to work with someone so professional and so educated in his craft is really a very humbling opportunity.” Calhoun brought fresh perspective to the show, as he has his own unique directing style which is different from anything Hall or co-director Elaine Kloser are able to offer. “We were in our second to last week of rehearsal when he was here, so it wasn’t time to totally rework anything, but he obviously had a lot of insight,” Hall said. “At that point in our rehearsal process what we were focusing on was the story and he knows the story really well. I’m a fan of his, and one of the things I like about his direction and the way he directs is he speaks the same language that

Elaine and I speak here in terms of everything being all about the story. The feedback we wanted from him included, ‘Is the story coming through?’ We’ve got so many people up on stage, but is everybody focused on telling that story to the audience?” Cast members hoped that Calhoun’s wisdom would not only help the show improve, but would contribute to their personal growth as actors. “Whenever you work with a different director it helps you to look at different scenes in different ways and expand your character to make them more dimensional,” senior Lauren Burton said. “Working with Jeff Calhoun took his experience from being a Broadway director and choreographer to this show, and then we’ll be able to apply what he taught us not only into Newsies but into whatever show we do next.” The opportunity to work with a professional from Broadway was a priceless experience for the cast members who are considering a career in theater. “What I like about [Calhoun’s visit] is that the people who are involved in the program can understand that this is somebody’s job,” Hall said. “What Jeff Calhoun


does is he flies around the country and he directs shows. And I love the fact that he’s really interested in making sure that students understand that. One of the reasons he came is to give his perspective not just on the show but on the field and the business of doing theater.” Several cast members have considered going into Broadway as a potential career, making Calhoun’s visit especially significant for them. “Broadway is definitely the dream,” Burton said. “It’s an experience all its own and it would be awesome to have that as a career. You would have to book show after show after show for it to become a stable career, which is really difficult, but it can happen. I do want to go into theater for college and I think acting could take me so many places.” Even those not planning on continuing with acting after high school greatly benefited from working with Calhoun. “Through theater, there are so many life lessons you learn such as confidence and public speaking skills,” Burton said. “There are so many ways you can take acting and put it into your life, whether or not you end up pursuing it as a career.”





Students feel mounting pressure to achieve A’s BY JOSIE DONLON, ’18


he typical Jesuit student spends hours studying, and the payoff for all of that dedication comes from a single letter: the grade atop the page. Increasingly, the only grade students find acceptable is an A. Students feel pressure to measure up to their classmates, often judging their grades based on how they compare to their peers. “I feel pressure to compete with my classmates because, if I don’t get a certain grade, I just feel dumb,” senior Amber Mills said. English teacher Ms. Megan Mathes assigns a metacritical reflection after major assignments to give students a chance to think


critically about their processes before judging their work by the grade. However, Ms. Mathes has noticed a pattern of students using the forum meant for constructive reflection as a space to criticize themselves. “Most of them write their metacritical from the perspective of how disappointed they are in themselves and how they think it’s a bad paper, and of course it’s usually not true,” Ms. Mathes said. She has noticed that fear of getting a “bad grade” is exaggerated during the senior poetry paper assignment. “With the poetry papers, I think it’s a little bit different there because it is such a big paper...there’s more fear that you really are going to do badly,” Ms. Mathes said. “To me, doing badly on the poetry paper would be getting a D on it. I think that for a lot of students, doing ‘badly’ on the poetry paper might even be getting a B on it.” Since Jesuit is a college preparatory school, stu-

dents are also typically focused on doing well in school to be accepted to a university. Much of the pressure to get an A comes from the upward trend in GPAs nationwide. In 1998, the average high school GPA was 3.27, compared to 2016’s average of 3.38 (Inside Higher Ed). Similarly, the percentage of high school seniors graduating with an A average increased from 38.9% in 1998 to 47% in 2016 (USA Today). The top five universities Jesuit students attend are also reporting high GPAs for admitted students. Oregon State’s freshmen have an average GPA of 3.46 (OSU Admissions), and the University of Oregon boasts a similarly high 3.55 (UO Admissions). The University of Portland’s freshman class had an average GPA of 3.65 (University of Portland). The average among Gonzaga’s class of 2021 was a 3.76 (Gonzaga University Admissions), while the middle 50% of GPAs among Santa Clara’s class of 2021 was 3.55-3.88 (Santa Clara University), all

of which are well above the national average. Because of the pressure students put on themselves to be accepted to prestigious universities, unsatisfactory grades can lead to feelings of failure. “[I feel pressure because of] the existential fear that I’m going to be a failure in life if I don’t get good grades,” senior Izzy McMahon said. Oftentimes, students don’t feel confident in their work and look to grades to validate their efforts. “I feel like in any subject, you should have a pretty

good sense of how you did on an assessment when you turn it in,” Ms. Mathes said. “And if it’s true that students really don’t know how they did on something until they get it back and see somebody else’s grade on it, I think that’s problematic.” In the midst of the intense pressure to get an A, it’s important to remember that perceptions of grades are subjective. Students should be focused on judging their work based on effort and pride in an assignment, which no grade can define.

decorum.’ “[I define] linguistic decorum [as] the use of language in such a way as to make sure that one is communicating clearly and respectfully,” Principal Paul Hogan said. “[Linguistic] decorum also denotes a certain level of formality... it’s contextual. There’s a different decorum, one might say, when you’re hanging out with your friends at a pizza parlor… [than] when you’re at your grandmother’s Thanksgiving table.” There is an undeniable cyclical relationship between language and culture, best explained by the existence of slang terms. As trends go in and out of focus in a nation’s dominant culture, its popular vernacular (both typed and spoken) will evolve as well, and vice versa. Some shifts in American vernacular, particularly American digital vernacular, over the past decade have aided in the creation of beneficial cultural movements; the body positivity movement, for example, is largely the product of social media hashtags (such as #effyourbeautystandards). According to Mr. Hogan, however, those positive effects of our changing vernacular are overshadowed, or at the very least paralleled, by the negative impacts of a slowly degrading sense of situational linguistic propriety. In other

words, the American understanding of situational rhetoric has begun to blur, and that blurring may be more culturally significant, or even dangerous, than it seems. “I have definitely seen what I would call a coarsening of the culture and a coarsening of linguistics [over time],” Mr. Hogan said. “I think [eloquent oration] has diminished over time at the highest level.” On a macrocosmic level, the “high-level” linguistic degradation Hogan refers to has been particularly visible in the statements given by CEO’s of multinational corporations such as Uber, as well as within the United States government. While former President Barack Obama was known for his articulate speeches, his predecessor, former President George W. Bush, gained notoriety for his administration’s verbal creativity; his unconventional statements and mispronunciations came to be colloquially known as “Bushisms” across the nation. With the ongoing degradation of linguistic decorum established, the question becomes: how does a coarsening of language, particularly a coarsening of our leaders’ language, impact both current and future cultural attitudes? “The more responsibility people have, the more their words can impact…[other]

people,” Mr. Hogan said. “[And] when we see people in positions of public responsibility using coarse language, speaking without much care, I think it’s not good for our culture.” While the negative cultural effects of a degrading linguistic decorum among American leaders obviously influence the macro-public, their impacts are also strongly felt by more sheltered micro-public communities, including Jesuit High School. “It makes it more difficult to say to children, to students, or even adults, 'look, you don’t use that [coarse] language, because it’s not appropriate in a school environment or a business environment,' when it’s being used by [our] leaders,” Mr. Hogan said. “If we want our students to be thoughtful, respectful and loving to one another, we at the very least have to speak in that manner.” Jesuit’s mission statement asserts the school’s commitment to demonstrating “an articulate wisdom” in its educational capacity, a claim that encompasses the kind of respectful, thoughtful language usage that has become increasingly valuable as the idea of decorous elocution deteriorates. “[Jesuit adults] want to exhibit a personal concern for individual, enthusiasm, a special concern for the poor,

and [an articulate wisdom] so that our students do the same thing,” Mr. Hogan said. “It’s not going to just be me or Mr. Arndorfer exhibiting [those qualities], it’s going to be every adult—and then when you go out and you speak to people, you’ll speak with that [articulate wisdom]—that’s part of what we need in this world.” The ‘articulate wisdom’ Jesuit works to imbue each of its students with is more than just knowledge for the sake of knowledge, or even knowledge for the sake of self-betterment: it’s a tool meant to aid in both personal success and the creation of a greater communal peace as men and women for others. “Without [a sense of decorum], words are used as blunt instruments, and they can really hurt people if you're not thoughtful about them,” Mr. Hogan said. “We particularly experience that in student language in our community that is sexist, misogynistic, homophobic, racist, or otherwise bullying. Moreover, we can't think in a sophisticated, complex way if we are only using simple language. The careful and respectful use of language is not only useful and important for its own sake, but it can advance your own interests—even if those interests are on behalf of other people.”

Examining the impact of decorous language BY SAHANA JAYARAMAN, ’18


ationwide political buzz abounded Jan. 11 following media reports of President Donald J. Trump’s supposed usage of a derogatory term to describe Haiti and select African countries during a closed-door meeting in the Oval Office (CNN). The remark, which was allegedly given during Senate Minority Whip Dick Durbin’s explanation of a proposal to end the current visa lottery system and divert those visas to individuals currently residing in the U.S. under Temporary Protected Status, has since garnered comments from several high-profile public personas: among them, musical group U2 and hip-hop artist Shawn “Jay-Z” Carter. While the incident has certainly paved the way for discussions about the current role of racial discrimination in America, it also invites deeper exploration into the relationships between language, power, and the concept of propriety: in essence, the idea of ‘linguistic

PAGE EDITOR: Shawna Muckle

During Multicultural Week, advocates often strive to unite students by embracing their different backgrounds. But in doing so, is the perception of diversity polarizing? Multicultural Week, consisting of various cultural activities throughout the week and culminating with the famed showcase of performances from students, centers around praising the variety of backgrounds of the student population. The amalgamation of these activities aims to embrace cultural diversity, but rather than viewing Multicultural Week as a unifier, the idea that diversity is synonymous with race may end up being a more divisive force. “Diversity sounds like it’s a lot of different things and when it just becomes [about] race, then we are just holding ourselves back,” associate diversity director Mr. Al Kato said. In contrast to the perception of diversity as ethnicity, the idea of intersectionality may bring a more unifying lens with which to view Multicultural Week. Intersectionality is the interconnected nature of social categorizations such as race, class, and gender as they apply to a given individual or group, regarded as creating overlapping and interdependent systems of discrimination or disadvantage ( In laymen’s terms, intersectionality is the acknowledge-

ment of the multiple backgrounds of a person and approaching a more holistic view of individuality. Recognizing the intersecting backgrounds of a person--for example, understanding that a Chinese-American woman might have very different experience than a Vietnamese-American man--moves away from a binary categorization and toward a more inclusive way to perceive others. Although intersectionality aims at unity through a larger encompassment of various backgrounds, one may argue that pointing out more differences between people is even more segregational than just diversity from an ethnic standpoint. “Sometimes people label themselves as a certain ethnicity or race and even though they are creating that community, they are also separating themselves from everybody else and that separation can cause [a lack of acceptance],” said senior Multiracial Club Leader Maya Cansdale. Despite the possibility of further division between students, embracing intersectionality allows for potentially more acceptance and a more holistic view of the definition of diversity. “We can still celebrate that we’re all humans and still recognize differences and talk about them, [rather than] just avoid[ing] the topic [of intersectionality] completely,” senior Amanda France, member of the student diversity council, said. -Lauren Paglinawan


a person’s unique circumstances


aspects of identity

power, privilege, and identity

different types of discriminations and attitudes that impact identity

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immigration system, colonization, economy, education system, politics, globalization, capitalism, war, historical forces, social forces

Source: Learning Network





Gender equity in sports and game attendance BY NATALIE MANLOVE, ’18


hroughout all professional fields, the income gap between men and women has been well advertised, with women earning on average approximately 79% of what their male counterparts earn ( In the world of professional sports, however, the gap is much wider. In the National Basketball Association (NBA), professional male basketball players make an average of $6,159,356 million dollars ( In the Women’s National Basketball

Association (WNBA), professional female basketball players make an average salary of $71,635 dollars. ( “I think that so many people want to say that this issue is getting better or ignore it entirely, and say that women are over-exaggerating, but I think the facts prove the prevalence of the wage gap, especially in such a male dominated industry,” senior Olivia Osborne said. Similarly, the gap between the men’s and women’s professional soccer leagues is equally unsettling. In Major League Soccer

(MLS), the highest paid playersRicardo Kaká, Sebastian Giovinco and Michael Bradley- make, on average, approximately $6,000,000 (The Denver Post). In the National Women’s Soccer League (NWSL), the highest paid player, Alex Morgan, makes approximately $450,000 (Time Magazine, Sportsgoogly. com). However, since the NWSL salary is capped at $200,000 per team, Morgan makes the majority of her living based off endorsements, which can range in the millions. While Morgan is the highest paid female athlete in the


NWSL, her salary still pales in comparison to her male counterparts. Senior Sophie Braun will be continuing her soccer career at Gonzaga University this upcoming fall and has contemplated playing professionally. “After talking to professionals who are currently in the league or have already retired, they suggested staying out of the NWSL and focusing on school or a career instead,” Braun said. In recent years, the minimum salary has increased, with 2017’s minimum NWSL salary at $15,000 and the 2017 maximum NWSL salary at $41,700. When the 2017 minimum and maximum NWSL salaries were released, the average salary was $28,350 ( In a year where one works 2,080 hours, or a full-time job, $28,350 equates to approximately $13.62 per hour (UC Davis). “It’s disheartening to know that doing what I love, playing soccer, won’t be able to support me in the future even if I emerge as one of the top players in the league,” Braun said. Ranging from the amount of fans to the amount of air time shown to women’s professional sports, the gap is equally as wide. Beyond the pay inequity, there is also a difference in attendance and advertising for each sport. “I think that people genuinely feel as if men’s sports are

more competitive, captivating, and skilled than those of women’s, which saddens me deeply,” senior Gaby Reiten said. “As an athlete, I know the value of having a supportive crowd and energy in the stands and when I hear people say that women’s sports are not as good or as captivating as men’s sports, it makes me feel like not only is my society rooting against me as a female athlete, but my classmates as well.” Some could argue that the main reason women’s sporting events draw fewer fans in attendance could be because of the lack of advertising. One article written in 2015 and published on USC News, revealed that in 2014, “LA-based network affiliates devoted only 3.2 percent of airtime to women’s sports, down from 5 percent in 1989.” “A sports team, whether it be a male or female team, each should recieve equal pay if they are grossing similar amount of revenue and achieving similar success,” senior soccer player Seifu Zerabruk said. “I think fans are a big part of a team and can give a team extra motivation and at times can feel like an extra player on the field.” Braun closed by stating that gender equity is “an issue at our school that can be seen through support rather than pay. The issues at the high school level are carried on and reflected through pay in the pros.”

Senior Amyr Lowe kneels during anthem BY NATALIE MANLOVE, ’18 & ANDREA BIAN, ’18


n August 2016, San Francisco 49er’s quarterback Colin Kaepernick first took a knee to protest police brutality and racial inequality. Since then, athletes from across the United States, ranging from the professional leagues to high school, have continued this trend. At the beginning of this basketball season, senior captain and point guard Amyr Lowe began to kneel during the national anthem at games. She is the only player on the team to kneel, and also the only senior. “At first, I saw it in the media,” Lowe said. “I started doing research on it, seeing what it meant and why people were doing it.” Lowe’s teammates, friends and role models were also essential in guid-

ance in making her decision. “I had talked to some of my friends, mentors, and leaders in my life,” Lowe said. “They thought it would be a good idea for me to go along with the protest.” For Lowe’s teammates, the strong bond that was already weaved throughout the team made supporting Lowe easy. “It has definitely strengthened our team,” junior Iesha Comia said. “Amyr is someone we all look up to, and the courage and strength she has is something inspiring to us all.” Even though Lowe was set in her decision, she had to go through a process to notify the administration. “I had a conversation with my coach, and he thought it was a big step on

my part,” Lowe said. “Mr. Hogan and Mr. Arndorfer were also notified.” The greater part of the Jesuit policy about peaceful protests like Lowe’s is a meeting with Athletic Director Mr. Mike Hughes. “Amyr had to meet with me and discuss,” Hughes said. “As a Catholic school, we believe in the primacy of conscience, but it has to be an informed conscience. We wanted to make sure it was well researched and thoughtful, which it was.” For Lowe, she hopes that her decision will bring attention to the injustice she is protesting. “For me, personally, it just means being on the same accord as other African Americans who play sports,” Lowe said. “I think it’ll bring attention to me and hopefully start a conversation.”


Lowe ’18 kneels alongside her teammates before a game.

PAGE EDITOR: Natalie Manlove



March Madness ignites craze BY MATTHEW GARNETT, ’18


arch is usually known for its week long vacation, and a well needed break from school. There’s something else that it’s known for: March Madness. March Madness is a NCAA basketball tournament with 68 of the nation’s best teams playing against each other until there is one left standing. This tournament takes place all across the nation with games being played in Buffalo, New York, all the way to San Jose, California. The tournament got its name from the high-intensity games, the ever present upsets, and the famous brackets. If you follow sports you’ve heard of Christian Laettner’s shot against Kentucky, Michael Jordan’s shot against Georgetown, or, more recently, Josh Hart’s buzzer-beater three to beat North Carolina. Along with the highintensity games, there comes the heartbreak of seeing your bracket busted for the hundredth time. The chances of getting a perfect bracket are 1 in 128 billion. There are many different approaches to get that bracket just right, from picking tons of upsets, or playing it safe and choosing all the first seeds. “[For choosing a perfect bracket] experience would say no, but people win the lottery, so there’s a bit of probability there,”

history teacher Mr. Hahn said. “I believe if players stayed all four years, instead of leaving after one year, we would see a better tournament. Since they’ve been there before, they know what to do and how to handle the pressure.” Every year there’s that one team with the Cinderella story: In 2013 FGCU went all the way to the Sweet Sixteen as a No. 15 seed, beating the No. 2 Georgetown. Or when C.J McCollum led Lehigh to beat Duke in the second round, or when Santa Clara beat Arizona in the first round. “Most upsets happen in the first round with an 11th or 12th seed,” senior Jose Hernandez said. “The difficult part is always deciding which one to pick, it’s a toss up in some cases.” Of course, one loss can end your entire bracket, so some people chose to do multiple brackets. “I usually make two or three brackets before the tournament,” senior Roan Brady said. “One for upsets, my favorite teams, and a more logical approach. That way I got every angle covered.” To avoid that bracket getting busted early on, there is a more methodical approach that can help ensure you make the right choice. “I try to watch college basketball throughout the year, and avoid all the talking heads on television,” Mr. Hahn said. “And try to watch teams to find their weaknesses and

strengths. I also look at that specific team’s conference and how tough or weak it is, which can play into how they will play in the tournament.” The past couple years games have been shown in the student center during lunch, allowing students to watch the game. “When the tournament comes around, everyone knows where you’re going for lunch,” Hernandez said. “You’re going to the cafeteria to get the best spot to watch the game.” Having games played in the cafeteria helps reduce the constant need for students to stay updated on all the games, drastically slowing down the WiFi for everyone in the school. “I remember sitting in class and not being able to get anything loaded, since almost everyone was trying to get the games going on their iPad.” Brady said. With that problem present, the IT department took the step to block all streaming apps from being downloading to the iPad, helping reduce the extreme amount of campus WiFi being demanded. With March rapidly approaching, we’ll see if this is the year somebody gets a perfect bracket, and who will be named national champions. Get those pens and brackets ready, and keep those fingers crossed because March is coming.

Olympics: Curling rocks BY GRACE KYLE, ’18


o an outsider, curling can be confusing. Sweeping, rocks, and a house sound more like construction than an Olympic event. Similar to shuffle board, curlers slide stones over a sheet of ice to a target made of four concentric circles with a center circle roughly 150 feet away. Along with sliding the forty-pound stone, there are also people sweeping the ice in front of the stone with special brooms. This sweeping is done for many reasons: to reduce the friction between the stone and ice, clean any debris from the stone’s path, and decrease the natural tendency for the stone to curl. The game usually lasts ten ends, with an “end” being every time a team throws their eight stones to the target. After each end, the ice surface is cleared and the points are tallied according to which team has their stone closest to the house, which is the center circle in the target. When each team has thrown ten ends worth of stones,

all the points are tallied and the team with the most points is declared the winner. There are different vari ations of teams, with same-gender teams of four, mixed doubles, and wheelchair. The game originated in Scotland in the 1500’s and was played by throwing stones over frozen water with the goal of getting the stones closest to a set target. The winter-friendly sport soon spread through counties with cold winter climates (Olympic Sport History). While it has been an adored winter pasttime for many counties, curling is now an official Olympic Program as of the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan (Olympic Sport History). Bruce Irvin, a local curling expert and coach at Evergreen Curling Club located in Beaverton, believes curling is accessible and fun for everyone. “It is easy to learn,” Irvin said. “You can learn to play in about thirty minutes but then it takes a lifetime to get good.” Irvin encourages everyone, no matter their age, to come out and try curling at Ev-

ergreen Curling Club because it is a sport that is versatile and can be played throughout someone’s life. Curling is rather inexpensive to try at Evergreen Curling Club, with the only things required being a clean pair of tennis shoes. The cost ranges from $15 for a two-hour learn to curl class, to a couple hundred dollars to buy all new equipment and a membership. This fall, junior Grace Preble went curling with her family for fun. “Curling is a lot more challenging than it looks and there are a lot of moving parts you don’t necessarily see when watching on TV,” said Preble. Along with Preble, sophomore Regan Lemaire has been curling before and enjoys the sport. “When I was younger I went a few times with my grandpa, and always had a blast. I haven’t been in a few years, but I would love to try it again,” said Lemaire. Interested in curling? Evergreen Curling Club is less than two miles from Jesuit and is open and welcoming to all new members.

PAGE EDITOR: Andrea Bian



Aryana Abtin Temple University Fencing

Blake Baldocchi Whittier College Lacrosse

Brooke Bordonaro Pomona-Pitzer Soccer

Sophie Braun Gonzaga University Soccer

Sydney Collins University of California, Berkeley Soccer

Caroline Lee Cornell University Fencing

Trey Lowe University of Washington Football

Cam Mahoney Central Washington University Football

Mitch McCullough Oregon State University Football

Chantal Reyes Swarthmore College Soccer

Travis Spreen University of Pennsylvania Football

Emma Treasure University of California, Berkeley Soccer

NLI Signers

On February 7, twelve seniors signed National Letters of Intent to continue their athletic careers at the collegiate level.





LACROSSE MENS C ont i nu it y i s t h e n a m e of t h e g a m e f or t h e 2 0 1 7 - 2 0 1 8 m e n’s l a c ro s s e t e a m a s t h e y re t a i n 6 s e n i or s t o m a k e a pu s h t ow a rd s s t at e . Un d e r g o ing a head coach change has n ot d i s t r a c t e d p l ay e r s f rom t h i s up c om i n g s e a s on’s f o c u s w h i c h i s t o “g row a s a t e a m .” B o l s t e re d by 4 c o l l e g i at e c om m it s i n c lu d i n g B l a k e B a l d o c c h e , Ev a n Wy n o, Ja c k Me i r a n d S a m Ha n d l e y, t h e t e a m re m a i n s f o c u s e d on t h e u lt i m at e g o a l , t o w i n a s t at e c h a mpi on s h ip. Ju n i or p l ay e r G r a nt Pa rs on s s a i d , “ We re a l l y w a nt t o g row t o g e t h e r a s a t e a m a n d g e t b e tt e r at w i n n i n g .”


TENNIS WOMENS TENNIS Finishing fourth in the state last year, the women’s tennis team has high hopes for the upcoming season. Senior captains Anna Bergstrom, Josie Donlon, and Sydney Evans are bravely stepping into the leadership roles left by five seniors from the class of 2017. With a strong dynamic, team bonding between the women should provide a competitive lineup for the season. Senior captain Anna Bergstrom awaits the season saying, “I’m looking for ward to our many tournaments, and matches and bonding with the team.” MENS TENNIS Returning state champions, the men’s tennis team is looking forward to another exciting season. After losing nine seniors from the class of 2017, the men are relying on their talented returners and dynamic newcomers. Single’s state champion Peter Murphy ‘20 said “As a team we are going to tr y to, hopefully, get the state title again since we did last yet, but all together just have a good time.” -VIGINIA LARNER

WOMENS After a hear tbreaking semifinals loss to OES in double overtime last season, the 2017-2018 girls lacrosse team looks forward to this upcoming season. Although the team has graduated 7 seniors, the new upperclassman and underclassman remain ready to build on last year’s team foundation. The team plans to improve its mental toughness and bolster its on and of f the f ield chemistr y as junior defender Grace Hamburg said, “We were all a little hear tbroken that [last] season came to an end so abr uptly but we are ready to make this season great.”

BASEBALL & SOFTBALL MENS BASEBALL After being eliminated in the first round of playoffs last year, the baseball team is setting their sights on a better outcome this season. Since the tough loss to South Medford, the men have been putting in work on and off the field in order to exceed last season’s sour ending. With several underclassmen getting varsity experience last spring, the team has a strong bond and the depth necessary to go far. “I’m just looking forward to the season,” Sophomore pitcher Mick Abel says, “It gives me something to look forward to after school every day.” WOMENS SOFTBALL After making it to the second round last year, the women’s softball team is determined to reinvent a name for themselves this season. The team is hoping to revisit the level they were at during their 2016 state championship win. The close group of girls are eagerly looking forward to making a statement during their spring break trip to Anaheim, Ca. “As seniors we want to go out with a bang so we really want another state title, and we do have the talent to do that this year,” senior Jenny Marnin says, “We’re going to have to come together and play our game.” -VIGINIA LARNER

GOLF MENS GOLF Securing the highly coveted metro league and state championship title last season, the 2018 men’s golf team unquestionably has a target on their back. To repeat this level of success for the program, leadership can be anticipated from key players of last year’s state championship team, including senior Samir Dutta, junior Austin Carnese, and sophomore Johnny Ward. When asked about the goals for the 2018 season, Carnese, a recent commit to the University of Oregon, said: “Obviously an ultimate goal is being back to back state champs, but we can only get there by bettering our personal game so when we come together we can push each other to be better as a team.” WOMENS GOLF After clinching 3rd in state last year, the Jesuit 2018 women’s golf team looks to reignite and strengthen the chemistry crafted in last year’s team. Graduating one senior, the women’s core is predicted to return stronger than before. According to junior Haley Hummelt, the Crusaders will find success in being confident in their game no matter the conditions. “[We are excited to] show other teams that we are ready to compete and ready to play even in tough circumstances.” -ERIN FOLEY


PAGE EDITOR: Shannon Ferguson and Lucy Loftis


MENS TRACK & FIELD After finishing in 2nd place to Oregon City by a narrow score of 56 to 51 in last year’s state championships, the men’s track and field team looks forward to competing in this upcoming season as they attempt to build off last year’s metro league title. Assistant track coach and sprinting coach, Ken Potter said, “Every year, you come into it with a different group of leaders and top performers who set examples and the thing we want to look at is how do we continue great leadership and that everyone on the team is working hard everyday at practice…” WOMENS TRACK & FIELD Fresh off a metro league title and a illustrious state championship last year, the girl’s track and field team aims to build off last year’s accomplishments and maintain the culture that has brought illustrious accolades to the program. The team aims to set and accomplish new goals. Assistant track coach and sprinting coach, Ken Potter said, “I think that the goal you set is to have improvement by each and every one of your athletes and if we set those goals and they improve throughout the year, then at the end of the year, things will take care of themselves.” -KESHAV SIDDHARTHA





Adolescence extends to include ages 10-24 BY EMILY NGUYEN, ’18


he age range for adolescence is being changed to include ages 10-24, according to the Lancet Child & Adolescent Health Journal. Adolescence, defined as the time from when puberty starts to the time the body stops developing, previously was thought to end at age 19. The general milestone of puberty occurs around age 10, when the brain releases hormones to activate the pituitary and gonadal glands. One’s brain continues to develop and mature past the age of 20, with the advent of wisdom teeth marking the end of adolescence at age 25 (BBC News). However, adolescence does not solely comprise of biological development. Health teacher Mr. Tim Massey has noticed the different factors affecting the change in adolescence. “We know that kids are maturing sooner physically, they’re starting puberty at earlier ages,” Mr. Massey said. “And there’s a variety of different the-

ories of how much of that is socialization, and [how much of that is] the ongoing evolution of a human being.” Theology teacher Ms. Angela Steiert notes a certain social factor of adolescence. “I’ve heard that adolescence [may] go until about age 26, because age 26 is when people are completely independent, on average, from their parents,” Ms. Steiert said. Such socialization for adolescents involves higher education, less alcohol consumption and sexual activity, and delayed marriage and parenthood compared to older generations, contrary to what one might believe due to adult privileges being granted at age 18 (​B BC News, Scientific American). An analysis by psychology professors from San Diego State University and Bryn Mawr College suggests another possible reason for extended adolescence is the rising affluence in the United States. Teens from steady backgrounds develop at a slower pace than those from larger families or low-income backgrounds, and are therefore less likely to engage in adult respon-

sibilities and activities (​S cientific American). So what does this broadened adolescence mean for today’s teenagers? Surprisingly, a wider age range of adolescence does not equate to emotional immaturity. “There is reason to believe that continued exposure to novelty keeps the brain plastic for longer,” Temple University psychologist Laurence Steinberg said. Higher education, one factor common among adolescents, contributes to neural stimulation and allows the brain to be open to more change for a longer period of time (​T he Atlantic). In the general scope of society, prolonged adolescence has the potential to affect social policy. Professor Susan Sawyer of the Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne argues that youth support services should be prolonged to encompass citizens up to the age of 25 (BBC News). On a different note, a parenting sociologist at the University of Kent warns of negative consequences to extended adolescence. “Older children and


young people are shaped far more significantly by society’s expectations of them than by their intrinsic biological growth,” Dr. Jan Macvarish said. Some students are concerned about the change in definition of adolescence. “People would have lower expectations of adolescents’ maturity,” sophomore Hannah Stream said. “It seems bad, because by the time you’re 20, you have a sense of adolescence and freedom, but really it takes a longer time to grow up.” Ultimately, redefining adolescence may

allow for a better understanding of people in today’s society. “To a large part, we’ve got genetics, but we’re the products of our society,” Mr. Massey said. “With all the factors influencing us at earlier ages, [they are] going to affect the onset of adolescence.” The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health Journal best encapsulates the significance of the new definition of adolescence: “An expanded and more inclusive definition of adolescence is essential for developmentally appropriate framing of laws, social policies, and service systems.”

Effect of studying environments on productivity BY SHANNON FERGUSON, ’18


ith second semester just beginning, it is the prime time for students to throw out bad study habits and try out some new ones. According to the National Survey of Student Engagement’s findings, the average high school student spends approximately 17 hours each week studying for classes. Although this number may vary from student to student, it is expected that high school students put a lot of time towards schoolwork outside of school hours. So, how do students study effectively and efficiently when not regulated by the school schedule? “The best studying tactic for me is to go sit in a library or a quiet coffee shop,” senior Aanya Khaira said. “I am someone who gets distracted easily, so I can’t be in a loud environ-

ment, but I also can’t focus when it’s too quiet. At my house there are a lot of distractions, so I find it better for me to go somewhere I’m not used to.” Where students choose to study has a huge effect on their study habits. Studies show it is much better for students to learn in multiple locations rather than simply one consistent room. “In one classic 1978 experiment, psychologists found that college students who studied a list of 40 vocabulary words in two different rooms — one windowless and cluttered, the other modern, with a view of a courtyard — did far better on a test than students who studied the words twice, in the same room. Later studies have confirmed the finding, for a variety of topics,” a New York Times article, “Forget What You Know About Good Study Habits,” stated. Along with rotat-

ing physical locations, it is important to eliminate distractors. Phones and electronics often get in the way of steady learning sessions, interfering with the brain’s learning process. With technology advancing and the use of iPads for most school work, more and more distractions are looming over studying students. Recently growing in popularity when in need of some serious studying are apps that keep students in check, such as an app called “Forest” or the free version “Flora.” This app grows a tree while the user remains in the app, but as soon as the user exits the app, the tree dies. There are many similar apps with the same underlying purpose: keeping students attentive while studying. These apps give an incentive to students to stay off their phone and put all of their brain power towards focused studying. “I normally use an

PAGE EDITOR: Josie Donlon

app called ‘Workflow Timer’ for finals to manage my extensive study time,” senior Jules Gist said. “I have a really hard time staying focused for longer periods of time so [the app] schedules 20 to 25 minute study windows with small breaks in between, which really helps my brain stay focused and makes my studying more efficient.” Leaving distractions in a different room or turning them off will prompt much more efficient study habits. “For me, it’s best to study in the evening after I eat dinner,” sophomore Wenjun Hou said. “I have a specific table downstairs for studying. When I need to study really hard, I go downstairs without my iPad or computer so I don’t get distracted.” Time of day is also a huge factor when it comes to productive studying, but this varies from student to student. Some find it much better to work at night,

while others swear by early mornings. “I like to wake up and study at four in the morning,” senior McCall Delaney said. “None of my friends are able to distract me through social media because none of them are awake, working with a strict deadline of getting my stuff done by the time I have to get ready makes me work more efficiently, and I have a house of six people so at four [in the morning] I have a quiet house.” Another habit that proves to be very advantageous for many students is the use of music. Listening to music has been studied for years in regards to the effect it can have on brain activity. According to a 2010 study from the University of Wales, “listening to background music prior to studying increased cognitive processes, such as attention and memory, through the mechanism of increasing positive mood.”





When life gets ruff, paws stress with pets BY JANE FERGUSON, ’19


ou are stressed out, trying to understand math, and cramming for your junior paper. You honestly could not imagine a more stressful situation, and you think there is no way for relief. Right when you think it can’t become any worse, a glimmer of hope walks through your door: your dog. Many people love their dog, and realize how much their dog positively impacts them during stressful times. Junior Colin McMahon notices the help that his dog provides for him and for many others, and believes his dog tremendously lowers his personal stress level. “Dogs represent a kind of happiness and joy, which often projects onto their owners,” McMahon said. “I feel petting them can be therapeutic for many.” The connection between dogs and stress relief have further implications in psychology and therapy. An office setting can

seem intimidating to some seeking therapy, and a service dog often allows for a more comfortable and relaxed environment. The patient can begin to open up more about themselves without feeling overwhelmed or panicked. Dr. Gary P. Monkarsh works with his patients using a therapy dog at his clinic, American Mental Health Alliance, in Lake Oswego. He has been using dogs to assist individuals at the clinic since 1998 and sees the positive impact they bring to his patients. “It makes the environment more home-like, and it creates an environment where the patients associate the warm and fluffy golden retriever with me,” Dr. Monkarsh said. “It is a positive association which helps them open up.” The main idea of using a dog in therapy is ultimately to help the patients feel safe enough to share their more difficult issues. When many people think of service dogs, the only thing that comes to mind is a guide dog for people who are blind; however, dogs

offer a great amount of support for people facing anxiety and depression. “The rise of animal therapy is backed by increasingly serious science showing that social support--a proven antidote to anxiety and loneliness--can come on four legs, not just two,” Mandy Oaklander said, in “Science Says Your Pet is Good for

Your Mental Health.” “Animals of many types can help calm stress, fear and anxiety in young children, the elderly, and everyone in between.” Chelsea Gibson is a graduate student at the University of Pennsylvania studying Counseling and Mental Health for a Master’s degree and is currently working as a high school counselor.

“For example, if you tell another person that you’re feeling really upset, there is a chance that they will tell you that you’re being oversensitive and that you don’t have a good reason to feel the way you do,” Gibson said. “Dogs don’t do that, they accept you for whatever you’re feeling and they don’t try to change it.” COURTESY OF JOSH DAUL, ’19

Josh Daul ’19 sits with his dog, Mick, a retreiver, on late nights writing the junior paper.

Grassroots activism creates opportunity BY SHAWNA MUCKLE, ’20 that people don’t necessarily


nterest in political activism has dramatically increased among high school students in the wake of a polarizing presidential administration. While many are energized to adopt a stance on controversial issues, others still remain uncertain on how to actually become properly informed and get involved in political movements. One initial problem that obstructs not only the informational network of high schoolers, but much of the American populace, is a lack of variety in news consumption. Students attempting to engage in and gain knowledge on topical issues often rely solely on national news sources that dedicate their reporting to developments in the federal government. “We live in a federalist system, of course, where most of the politics that immediately affects us are local,” AP Comparative Government teacher Mr. Mark Flamoe said. “But because of all the attention that Trump tends to suck up, I think

pay attention to the nitty gritty locality of politics.” In addition to being the most impactful, local grassroots movements are also the most viable entryway into political involvement for high school students just beginning to familiarize themselves with the workings of American politics. Local grassroots politics offer students a unique and far more intimate alternative to the seemingly impenetrable national landscape. In particular, county parties present students both connections to statewide political action and the opportunity to understand the dynamics of political parties. Both major parties in Washington County and Multnomah County host monthly central committee meetings, which frequently feature guest speakers from various statewide organizations and offer opportunities to get involved in local elections. High school students age 16 or above registered to either the Democratic or Republican Party can also apply to become precinct com-

mittee persons, which allows them to have voting power within their county party and represent a political precinct of roughly 500 people. “Everyone [at the Washington County Democrats] is really enthusiastic and desperate for young volunteers,” sophomore Danny Murphy, who volunteers with the Democratic Party of Washington County, said. “It was really easy for me to show up and meet people, make connections.” County politics also encompass smaller campaigns, such as campaigns for the chair of county commissions or the Portland Metro Council, that embrace new volunteers, allowing even those just entering the political scene to work closely with actual candidates by organizing campaign events, phone banking, and canvassing, among other important campaign work. Also in contrast to federal elections is how tangible students’ impact can be. Though national dilemmas have little capacity to be changed by the e f f o r t s of Oregonians,

much less a small coalition of politically active high school students, the contained scope of local movements and elections, as well as their lack of publicity, often make each person’s contributions legitimately meaningful in determining an end result. Along with county politics, Portland offers several issue-based organizations, some directed entirely at youth involvement. Senior Claire Devine has found both reward and success by volunteering with the Bus Project, a Portland-based initiative operated primarily by teenage volunteers that helps students register to vote and encourages civic engagement. In her junior year, she testified at the Oregon State Capitol in favor of an ultimately successful bill that allowed 16-yearolds to pre-register to vote. “I feel like activism right now is kind of ‘in’... it’s becoming kind of trendy,” Devine said. “I wish that more people showed interest in activism and didn’t just go to marches. [Marches] are cool, but I wish they actually followed up and

PAGE EDITORS: Virginia Larner and Erin Foley

did their research on the issues and found ways to get involved.” By volunteering based on single issues that resonate with them, high school students can engage in effectual activism, gaining a deeper, nuanced understanding of a variety of these issues and examining multiple perspectives, while also developing advocacy skills that could be instrumental in future political involvement. The confluence of both county involvement and issue-based activism also potentially extends an opportunity for students to solidify political connections and eventually become elected officials themselves, enabling them to enact political change from within government. GRAPHICS COURTESY OF LARA SPURGEON, ’18





Top athletes prepare for Munch Madness BY DARYL JUCAR, ’18


t’s the time in the gym when the lights are off. It’s the blood, the sweat, the tears. It’s a culmination of all the hard work under the bright lights and hundreds of eyes watching at the event’s tip-off, up until the final moment one team is crowned champion. Hours and hours of preparation, all for spring’s highly-anticipated premier basketball event: Munch Madness. One may notice, while taking a look at all the banners the school holds in the Knight gym, that none would mention Munch Madness. This is because the prestigious tournament has its own designated wall in the Gedrose Student Center for all lunch-goers to stare at in awe. “There’s nothing like Munch Madness,” junior Matthew Stevenson said. “A basketball tournament in the spring with the best teams in the nation? Who’s the genius at Jesuit who came up with that?” The school-wide tournament, held exclusively during lunch, boasts the most esteemed athletes in the entire Metro league. It takes time and both physical and mental preparation only a select few are willing to sacrifice.


“To prepare [for the tournament], every night before I go to sleep, I stare at my basketball for thirty-two minutes,” senior James Pecore said. Being a Munch Madness athlete is no easy task. From the star players to the teammates who are put in just to shoot from half court, each person is integral in the path to ultimate victory. The process that goes into selecting team members is competitive. Being an athlete in the tournament is a privilege—only the best of the best have the opportunity of taking part in the madness. “[My teammates] asked me to join their team because they needed a girl,” sophomore Callan Harrington said. In an event where the unexpected occurs, physical preparation can only take each team so far; sometimes, a belief in their team’s capabilities is necessary to take them to the next level. “I don’t think we’ll win,” Harrington said. In the end, only one team can call themselves champions and have their names put onto the championship banner to live in perpetual glory. That is why winning the tournament means everything to these student-athletes. “The grind never stops on my Munch Madness team,” Pecore said.

The case of the disappearing teachers



here do teachers disappear every Tuesday morning when you are in desperate need of homework help? Some say they go to Tuesday morning meetings because they are required to go to discuss hard-hitting relevant school issues. Others argue it is because they serve top-quality food and provide a social hub for teachers to kick back and relax. Nobody really knows what goes on during these mysterious morning meetings, who’s to say they don’t sit around a bonfire holding hands and singing happy birthday for a whole hour? According to Mr. Hahn, History teacher and ex-vice principal, birthdays are actually quite a big deal among the staff. “There’s one faculty

member who will remain nameless, Ms. Kloser, who if someone has a birthday she always starts us singing happy birthday,” Mr. Hahn said. Not only are birthdays a big deal, some say the real reason teachers go to these meetings is not because they are required to, but because gourmet food lures them in. Art teacher and well respected creative mind, Mrs. Fleenor, attests to the food gatherings happening among the staff. “If you feed them they will come,” Mrs. Fleenor said. In fact, the food there has so much hype that one year, many eons ago, the art department went a little too far with the food plan for the meeting. “Our department decided to have a toast bar and -- knocked out the power,” Mrs. Fleenor said. Apparently the building just couldn’t handle all the toasters

that were brought in. Thankfully the power was restored before school started that fateful Tuesday, but that ended the era of teachers bringing in their own food. Today, the administration brings in the food, which is top-notch stuff according to one student who has first-hand experience with the cuisine. Senior Griffin Langsdorf -- son of notorious Pre Calculus teacher Mr. Langsdorf -- doesn’t buy that teachers go to these meetings to talk policy. He thinks there is a little more to it. “What I think is going on, I think it’s a conspiracy…” Langsdorf said. “I think they’re trying to get the tuition out of students so that they can eat more food, because the food that they get is really good, and my dad always brings back some and *ahhh* it’s so good.” So case closed then. Teachers are multi-faceted people who generally value

singing and food enough to set aside time to bond together. Seems like innocent stuff. But only time will tell how these so

PAGE EDITORS: Amy Isselmann and Sydney Collins

called “faculty/staff meetings” will slowly take over the school. As one wise man once stated, “It’s a struggle,” Langsdorf said.






Sader on the Street

Sheehan Ahmed, ’19 “I went to my friend’s house and listened to music.”

Olivia Juarez, ’21 “I went sledding and watched lots of Netflix.”

“How did you spend your snow day?”

Josh Nguyen, ’18

Paige Poteet, ’20

“I went sledding at the park with my sister.”

“I like to play video games while wrapped in blankets.”

Amber Mills, ’18

Taylor Godfrey, ’21 “I went to a movie with friends.”

“I like to go skiing and drink hot chocolate.”

Sam Hackman, ’19 “I like to draw pretty pictures in the snow.”

Julie Nguyen, ’20

“I enjoy sledding down big slopes.”


Staff Box Editor-in-Chief: Andrea Bian Editors-at-Large: Josie Donlon and Sahana Jayaraman Managing Editors: Shannon Ferguson and Natalie Manlove Online Content Editors: Andrea Bian and Natalie Manlove News Editor: Andrea Bian Sports Editor: Natalie Manlove Center Editor: Shannon Ferguson and Sahana Jayaraman Lifestyle Editor: Josie Donlon Arts Editor: Shannon Ferguson

Opinion Editor: Andrea Bian Graphic Designers: Emily Nguyen and Lara Spurgeon Moderator/Teacher: Mr. Dan Falkner Staff Writers: Sydney Collins, Leo Deng, Jane Ferguson, Erin Foley, Sayantan Ganguly, Matthew Garnett, Alicia Harrington, Kennedy Hering, Kenyan Houck, Amy Isselmann, Daryl Jucar, Grace Kyle, Virginia Larner, Lucy Loftis, Shawna Muckle, Emily Nguyen, Lauren Paglinawan, Aaron Sha, Keshav Siddhartha, Lara Spurgeon, Lauren Williams

PAGE EDITORS: Aaron Sha & Kenyan Houck

March 2018 Jesuit Chronicle  
March 2018 Jesuit Chronicle