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A/CONF.171/13/Rev.1

?D(">42"P4b ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46

)@8:"* ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4`

7"4D, 7"4D 5-13 F,>Hb$Db 1994 (@*"


A/CONF.171/13/Rev.1

)@8:"* ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4`

7"4D, 7"4D 5-13 F,>Hb$Db 1994 (@*"

?D(">42"P4b ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 =\`-5@D8 =\` 5@D8, 1995


AC3;+Q!=3+ IF:@&>Z, @$@2>"R,>4b *@8J<,>H@& ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 F@FH@bH 42 BD@B4F>ZN $J8& 4 P4LD. IB@HD,$:b,<Z, @$@2>"R,>4b 4 42:@0,>4, <"H,D4":" & >"FH@bV,< 42*">44 >, @2>"R"`H &ZD"0,>4b F@ FH@D@>Z E,8D,H"D4"H" ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 8"8@(@ $Z H@ >4 $Z:@ <>,>4b @H>@F4H,:\>@ BD"&@&@(@ FH"HJF" :`$@6 FHD">Z 4:4 H,DD4H@D44 4:4 4N &:"FH,6, 4:4 @H>@F4H,:\>@ *,:4<4H"P44 4N (D">4P.

A/CONF.171/13/Rev.1 32*">4, ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 % BD@*"0, B@* R.95.XIII.18


??=

)@8:"* ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4`

7"4D, 7"4D 5-13 F,>Hb$Db 1994 (@*"


E?)+C/!=3+ EHD.

I.

C+1?9_O33, AC3=aGY+ 7?=K+C+=O3+5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.

1

AD@(D"<<" *,6FH&46 ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4` . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1

2.

%ZD"0,>4, BD42>"H,:\>@FH4 >"D@*J 4 BD"&4H,:\FH&J +(4BH" . . . . . . . . . .

118

3.

A@:>@<@R4b BD,*FH"&4H,:,6 >" ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4` . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

118

IQ!EG=373 3 ?C'!=31!O3a C!#?GY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

119

A.

ED@84 4 <,FH@ BD@&,*,>4b 7@>L,D,>P44 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

119

B.

AD,*8@>L,D,>P4@>>Z, 8@>FJ:\H"P44 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

119

C.

IR"FH>484 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

119

D.

?H8DZH4, 7@>L,D,>P44 4 &Z$@DZ AD,*F,*"H,:b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123

E.

A@F:">4b @H (:"& (@FJ*"DFH& . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123

F.

IH&,D0*,>4, BD"&4: BD@P,*JDZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123

G.

IH&,D0*,>4, B@&,FH84 *>b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123

H.

%Z$@DZ *@:0>@FH>ZN :4P, B@<4<@ AD,*F,*"H,:b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

124

I.

?D(">42"P4b D"$@HZ, &8:`R"b JRD,0*,>4, ':"&>@(@ 8@<4H,H" 7@>L,D,>P44 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

124

J.

!88D,*4H"P4b <,0BD"&4H,:\FH&,>>ZN @D(">42"P46 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

125

K.

!88D,*4H"P4b >,BD"&4H,:\FH&,>>ZN @D(">42"P46 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

125

L.

="2>"R,>4, R:,>@& 7@<4H,H" B@ BD@&,D8, B@:>@<@R46 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

125

M.

AD@R4, &@BD@FZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

125

III.

?#U3+ AC+=3a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

126

IV.

)?79!) '9!%=?'? 7?;3G+G! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

129

V.

AC3=aG3+ AC?'C!;;Y )+5EG%35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

132

VI.

)?79!) 7?;3G+G! A? AC?%+C7+ A?9=?;?Q35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

149

II.

- iii -


E?)+C/!=3+ (BD@*@:0,>4,) EHD.

VII.

IG%+C/)+=3+ )?79!)! 7?=K+C+=O33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

151

VIII.

1!7CYG3+ 7?=K+C+=O33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

152

AD4:@0,>4b I.

A+C+Q+=[ )?7I;+=G?% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

153

II.

%YEGIA9+=3a =! ?G7CYG33 7?=K+C+=O33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

155

III.

1!79_Q3G+9[=Y+ %YEGIA9+=3a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

190

IV.

A!C!99+9[=Y+ 3 %1!3;?E%a1!==Y+ ;+C?AC3aG3a . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

197

- iv -


':"&" I C+1?9_O33, AC3=aGY+ 7?=K+C+=O3+5

C,2@:`P4b 1 AD@(D"<<" *,6FH&46 ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4`*

IR"FH>484 ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4`, F@$D"&T4F\ & 7"4D, 5-13 F,>Hb$Db 1994 (@*", 1. BD4>4<"`H AD@(D"<<J *,6FH&46 ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4`, 8@H@D"b F@*,D04HFb & BD4:@0,>44 8 >"FH@bV,6 D,2@:`P44; 2. D,8@<,>*J`H ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,, @*@$D4H\ >" ,, F@D@8 *,&bH@6 F,FF44 BD4>bHJ` 7@>L,D,>P4,6 AD@(D"<<J *,6FH&46; 3. H"80, D,8@<,>*J`H ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,, D"FF<@HD,H\ >" ,, F@D@8 *,&bH@6 F,FF44 @$2@D >"P4@>":\>ZN *@8:"*@& B@ &@BD@F"< >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b, B@*(@H@&:,>>Z6 F,8D,H"D4"H@< 7@>L,D,>P44.

* AD4>bH" >" 14-< B:,>"D>@< 2"F,*">44 13 F,>Hb$Db 1994 (@*"; 4>L@D<"P4` @ N@*, @$FJ0*,>4b F<. & (:"&, V. - 1 -


AD4:@0,>4,

AC?'C!;;! )+5EG%35 ;+/)I=!C?)=?5 7?=K+C+=O33 A? =!C?)?=!E+9+=3_ 3 C!1%3G3_*

E?)+C/!=3+ ':"&"

I.

AJ>8HZ

AC+!;#I9! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

- 1.15

6

II.

AC3=O3AY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11

III.

%1!3;?E%a1[ ;+/)I =!C?)?=!E+9+=3+;, A?EGIA!G+9[=Y; ]7?=?;3Q+E73; C?EG?; 3 IEG?5Q3%Y; C!1%3G3+; . 3.1 - 3.32

15

A.

?$X,*4>,>4, FHD"H,(46 & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.1

="D@*@>"F,:,>4,, B@FHJB"H,:\>Z6 ^8@>@<4R,F846 D@FH 4 >4V,H" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.10 - 3.22

17

="D@*@>"F,:,>4, 4 @8DJ0"`V"b FD,*" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.23 - 3.32

20

C!%+=EG%? 3 C!%=?AC!%3+ ;I/Q3= 3 /+=U3= 3 =!)+9+=3+ /+=U3= #?9++ S3C?73;3 AC!%!;3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 - 4.29

22

B.

C. IV.

A.

V.

VI.

1.1

EHD.

- 3.9

15

="*,:,>4, 0,>V4> $@:,, T4D@84<4 BD"&"<4 4 4N B@:@0,>4, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.1

- 4.14

22

B.

),&@R84 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.15 - 4.23

25

C.

?$b2">>@FH4 4 D@:\ <J0R4> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.24 - 4.29

27

E+;[a, ++ KI=7O33, AC!%!, E?EG!% 3 EGCI7GIC! . . .

5.1

- 5.13

29

A.

C"2>@@$D"24, FHDJ8HJD 4 F@FH"&" F,<\4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.1

- 5.6

29

B.

E@P4":\>@-^8@>@<4R,F8"b B@**,D08" F,<\4 . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.7

- 5.13

30

AC3C?EG 3 E?EG!% =!E+9+=3a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.1

- 6.33

32

C@0*",<@FH\, F<,DH>@FH\ 4 H,<BZ D@FH" >"F,:,>4b . . . . . .

6.1

- 6.5

32

A.

* ?L4P4":\>Z< b2Z8@< AD@(D"<<Z *,6FH&46 b&:b,HFb ">(:46F846 b2Z8, 2" 4F8:`R,>4,< BJ>8H" 8.25, 8@H@DZ6 $Z: F@(:"F@&"> >" &F,N T,FH4 @L4P4":\>ZN b2Z8"N ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46. - 2 -


E?)+C/!=3+ (BD@*@:0,>4,) ':"&"

VII.

VIII.

AJ>8HZ

B.

),H4 4 <@:@*,0\ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.6

- 6.15

33

C.

A@04:Z, :`*4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.16 - 6.20

35

D.

7@D,>>@, >"F,:,>4, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.21 - 6.27

36

E.

94P" F 4>&":4*>@FH\` . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.28 - 6.33

38

C+AC?)I7G3%=Y+ AC!%! 3 C+AC?)I7G3%=?+ 1)?C?%[+

7.1

- 7.48

40

A.

C,BD@*J8H4&>Z, BD"&" 4 D,BD@*J8H4&>@, 2*@D@&\, 7.2

40

B.

A:">4D@&">4, F,<\4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7.12 - 7.26

43

C.

AD@L4:"8H48" 2"$@:,&">46, B,D,*"&",<ZN B@:@&Z< BJH,<, 4 $@D\$" F &4DJF@< 4<<J>@*,L4P4H" R,:@&,8" (%3Q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7.27 - 7.33

47

D.

E,8FJ":\>@FH\ R,:@&,8" 4 &2"4<@@H>@T,>4b B@:@& 7.34 - 7.40

48

E.

A@*D@FH84 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7.41 - 7.48

50

8.1

- 8.35

53

A,D&4R>@, <,*48@-F">4H"D>@, @$F:J04&">4, 4 F,8H@D 2*D"&@@ND">,>4b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.1

- 8.11

53

B.

%Z04&">4, 4 2*@D@&\, *,H,6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.12 - 8.18

56

C.

1*@D@&\, 0,>V4> 4 $,2@B"F>@, <"H,D4>FH&@ . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.19 - 8.27

58

D.

3>L4P4D@&">>@FH\ &4DJF@< 4<<J>@*,L4P4H" R,:@&,8" (%3Q) 4 F4>*D@< BD4@$D,H,>>@(@ 4<<J>@*,L4P4H" (EA3)) . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.28 - 8.35

61

- 7.11

1)C!%??MC!=+=3+, 1!#?9+%!+;?EG[ 3 E;+CG=?EG[ . . A.

IX.

EHD.

C!EAC+)+9+=3+ =!E+9+=3a, IC#!=31!O3a 3 %=IGC+==aa ;3'C!O3a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.1

64

A.

C"FBD,*,:,>4, >"F,:,>4b 4 JFH@6R4&@, D"2&4H4, 9.1

B.

C@FH R4F:,>>@FH4 >"F,:,>4b & 8DJB>ZN (@D@*F84N "(:@<,D"P4bN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9.12 - 9.18

66

94P", B,D,<,V,>>Z, &>JHD4 FHD">Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9.19 - 9.25

67

C.

- 3 -

- 9.11

- 9.25

64


E?)+C/!=3+ (BD@*@:0,>4,) ':"&"

X.

XI.

;+/)I=!C?)=!a ;3'C!O3a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

69

10.1 - 10.8

69

B.

1"D,(4FHD4D@&">>Z, <4(D">HZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10.9 - 10.14

71

C.

=,2"D,(4FHD4D@&">>Z, <4(D">HZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10.15 - 10.20

73

D.

#,0,>PZ, :4P", 4VJV4, J$,04V,, 4 B,D,<,V,>>Z, :4P" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10.21 - 10.29

74

11.1

- 11.26

78

?$D"2@&">4,, >"D@*@>"F,:,>4, 4 JFH@6R4&@, D"2&4H4, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11.1

- 11.10

78

3>L@D<"P4b, @$D"2@&">4, 4 8@<<J>48"P4b & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11.11 - 11.26

80

G+M=?9?'3a, =!IQ=Y+ 3EE9+)?%!=3a 3 C!1C!#?G73

12.1

- 12.26

85

A.

E$@D, ">":42 4 D"FBD@FHD">,>4, @F>@&>ZN *">>ZN 12.1 - 12.9

85

B.

3FF:,*@&">4b & @$:"FH4 D,BD@*J8H4&>@(@ 2*@D@&\b . . . . . . .

12.10 - 12.18

87

C.

E@P4":\>@-^8@>@<4R,F84, 4FF:,*@&">4b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12.19 - 12.26

89

)+aG+9[=?EG[ =! =!O3?=!9[=?; IC?%=+ . . . . . . . . . . . .

13.1

- 13.24

92

A.

="P4@>":\>Z, FHD"H,(44 4 B:">Z *,6FH&46 . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13.1

- 13.6

92

B.

IBD"&:,>4, BD@(D"<<"<4 4 D"2&4H4, :`*F84N D,FJDF@& . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13.7

- 13.10

93

;@$4:42"P4b 4 D"FBD,*,:,>4, D,FJDF@& . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13.11 - 13.24

95

=!C?)?=!E+9+=3+, C!1%3G3+ 3 ?#C!1?%!=3+ . . . . . . . .

C. XIV.

10.1 - 10.29

;,0*J>"D@*>"b <4(D"P4b 4 D"2&4H4, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

B.

XIII.

EHD.

A.

A.

XII.

AJ>8HZ

;+/)I=!C?)=?+ E?GCI)=3Q+EG%? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14.1

- 14.18 100

A.

?$b2">>@FH4 B"DH>,D@& B@ D"2&4H4` . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14.1

- 14.7

B.

7 >@&Z< @$b2"H,:\FH&"< B@ L4>">F4D@&">4` BD@(D"<< & @$:aFH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14.8

- 14.18 102

- 4 -

100


E?)+C/!=3+ (BD@*@:0,>4,) ':"&"

XV.

AJ>8HZ

E?GCI)=3Q+EG%? E =+'?EI)!CEG%+==Y; E+7G?C?; . . . A.

B. XVI.

EHD.

15.1

- 15.20 105

;,FH>Z,, >"P4@>":\>Z, 4 <,0*J>"D@*>Z, >,BD"&4H,:\FH&,>>Z, @D(">42"P44 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15.1

- 15.12 105

Q"FH>Z6 F,8H@D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15.13 - 15.20 107

)+aG+9[=?EG[ A?E9+ 7?=K+C+=O33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16.1

- 16.29 110

A.

),bH,:\>@FH\ >" >"P4@>":\>@< JD@&>, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16.1

- 16.13 110

B.

),bH,:\>@FH\ >" FJ$D,(4@>":\>@< 4 D,(4@>":\>@< JD@&>bN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16.14 - 16.17 112

),bH,:\>@FH\ >" <,0*J>"D@*>@< JD@&>, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16.18 - 16.29 113

C.

- 5 -


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(FD,*>4, H,<BZ) 4 11,9 <:D*. R,:@&,8 (&ZF@84, H,<BZ). )@FH40,>4, P,:,6 4 D,T,>4, 2"*"R, BD,*JF<@HD,>>ZN & >"FH@bV,6 D"FFR4H">>@6 >" 20 :,H AD@(D"<<, *,6FH&46, & D"<8"N 8@H@D@6 JR4HZ&"`HFb <>@(4, 42 FH@bV4N B,D,* &F,< R,:@&,R,FH&@< LJ>*"<,>H":\>ZN BD@$:,< & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b, 2*D"&@@ND">,>4b, @$D"2@&">4b 4 D"2&4H4b, BD4&,:4 $Z 8 H@<J, RH@ & J8"2">>Z6 4 B@F:,*J`V46 B,D4@*Z R4F:,>>@FH\ >"F,:,>4b <4D" J&,:4R4&":"F\ $Z $@:,, >4284<4 H,<B"<4, R,< ^H@ BD@(>@24DJ,H ?D(">42"P4b ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, $,Db 2" @F>@&J FD,*>4, B@8"2"H,:4 BD4D@FH". 1.5. ;,0*J>"D@*>"b 8@>L,D,>P4b B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4` >, b&:b,HFb @$@F@$:,>>Z< <,D@BD4bH4,<. % @F>@&, ,, AD@(D"<<Z *,6FH&46 :,04H FL@D<4D@&"&T46Fb & B,D4@* B@F:, BD@&,*,>4b %F,<4D>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` & 1974 (@*J & #JN"D,FH, 3/ 4 ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` & 1984 (@*J & ;,N48@ 4/ T4D@846 <,0*J>"D@*>Z6 8@>F,>FJF & @H>@T,>44 >,@$N@*4<@FH4 D"FF<@HD,H\ BD@$:,<Z >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b, B@FHJB"H,:\>@(@ ^8@>@<4R,F8@(@ D@FH" 4 JFH@6R4&@(@ D"2&4H4b & P,:@< 4 &2"4<>Z, F&b24 <,0*J >4<4 4 BD@">":424D@&"H\ JFB,N4 & *,:, BD@F&,V,>4b 0,>V4>, J:JRT,>4b 4N ^8@>@<4R,F8@(@ B@:@0,>4b 4 D"FT4D,>4b 4N BD"&. 7@>L,D,>P44 1994 (@*" $Z: FB,P4":\>@ BD,*@FH"&:,> $@:,, T4D@846 <">*"H & @H>@T,>44 &@BD@F@& D"2&4H4b, R,< BD,*Z*JV4< 8@>L,D,>P4b< B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4`, RH@ @HD"0",H D"FHJV,, B@>4<">4, H@(@, RH@ BD@$:,<Z, F&b2">>Z, F >4V,H@6, FHDJ8HJD"<4 BD@42&@*FH&" 4 B@HD,$:,>4b 4 @8DJ0"`V,6 FD,*@6, >"FH@:\8@ H,F>@ &2"4<@F&b2">Z, RH@ >4 @*>J 42 >4N >,:\2b D"FF<"HD4&"H\ 42@:4D@&">>@. 1.6. ;,0*J>"D@*>"b 8@>L,D,>P4b B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` 4 D"2&4H4` BD@&@*4HFb & D"2&4H4, 4 >" @F>@&, D,2J:\H"H@& *DJ(4N &"0>ZN <,0*J>"D@*>ZN <,D@BD4bH46, BD@&,*,>>ZN & B@F:,*>,, &D,<b, 4 ,, D,8@<,>*"P44 *@:0>Z B@*H&,D0*"H\, JR4HZ&"H\ 4 4<,H\ & F&@,6 @F>@&, *@(@&@D,>>@FH4, *@FH4(>JHZ, & D"<8"N: ") %F,<4D>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 *:b @$2@D" 4 @P,>84 *@FH40,>46 ),FbH4:,H4b 0,>V4> ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46: D"&,>FH&@, D"2&4H4, 4 <4D, F@FH@b&T,6Fb & 1985 (@*J & ="6D@$4 5/; b) %F,<4D>@6 &FHD,R4 >" &ZFT,< JD@&>, & 4>H,D,F"N *,H,6, F@FH@b&T,6Fb & 1990 (@*J & =\`-5@D8, 6/; F) 7@>L,D,>P44 ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 B@ @8DJ0"`V,6 FD,*, 4 D"2&4H4`, F@FH@b&T,6Fb & 1992 (@*J & C4@-*,-/">,6D@ 7/; d) C4<, 8/; ,)

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- 10 -


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- 14 -


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- 19 -


O,:4 3.28.

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- 20 -


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- 21 -


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- 24 -


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- 36 -


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- 47 -


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':"&" VIII* 1)C!%??MC!=+=3+, 1!#?9+%!+;?EG[ 3 E;+CG=?EG[ !. A,D&4R>@, <,*48@-F">4H"D>@, @$F:J04&">4, 4 F,8H@D 2*D"&@@ND">,>4b ?F>@&" *:b *,bH,:\>@FH4 8.1. ?*>4< 42 @F>@&>ZN *@FH40,>46 *&"*P"H@(@ FH@:,H4b FH":@ $,FBD,P,*,>H>@, J&,:4R,>4, BD@*@:04H,:\>@FH4 042>4. 1" BD@T,*T4, B@:&,8" @04*",<"b BD@*@:04H,:\>@FH\ 042>4 BD4 D@0*,>44 & <4D, & P,:@< J&,:4R4:"F\ BD4<,D>@ >" 20 :,H, " D4F8 F<,DH4 & B,D&Z6 (@* 042>4 F@8D"H4:Fb B@RH4 >" *&, HD,H4. G,< >, <,>,, ^H4 *@FH40,>4b >, B@2&@:4:4 @$,FB,R4H\ >"<>@(@ $@:,, 2>"R4H,:\>ZN J:JRT,>46, BD,*JF<"HD4&"&T4NFb &@ %F,<4D>@< B:">, *,6FH&46 & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 & !:<"-!H4>F8@6 *,8:"D"P44, BD4>bH@6 ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P4,6 B@ B,D&4R>@<J <,*48@-F">4H"D>@<J @$F:J04&">4` & 1978 (@*J. ?FH"`HFb P,:Z, FHD">Z, " &@ <>@(4N FHD">"N - $@:\T4, (DJBBZ >"F,:,>4b, *:b 8@H@DZN B@-BD,0>,<J N"D"8H,D>Z &,F\<" &ZF@84, JD@&>4 2"$@:,&",<@FH4 4 F<,DH>@FH4. 1"R"FHJ` D"2:4R4b, F&b2">>Z, F F@P4":\>@-^8@>@<4R,F84< B@:@0,>4,< 4:4 ^H>4R,F8@6 BD4>"*:,0>@FH\`, b&:b`HFb FJV,FH&,>>Z<4. %@ <>@(4N FHD">"N F B,D,N@*>@6 ^8@>@<48@6 B@8"2"H,:\ F<,DH>@FH4 2>"R4H,:\>@ J&,:4R4:Fb & D,2J:\H"H, F<,DH,6, &Z2&">>ZN "&"D4b<4 4 >"F4:4,<. 8.2. I&,:4R,>4, @04*",<@6 BD@*@:04H,:\>@FH4 042>4, 2"D,(4FHD4D@&">>@, & $@:\T4>FH&, D,(4@>@& <4D", @HD"0",H 2"<,H>Z, JFB,N4 & @$:"FH4 @$V,FH&,>>@(@ 2*D"&@@ND">,>4b 4 *@FHJB" >"F,:,>4b 8 B,D&4R>@<J <,*48@-F">4H"D>@<J @$F:J04&">4`. 1"F:J04&"`V4, &>4<">4b *@FH40,>4b &8:`R"`H & F,$b &"8P4>"P4` B@RH4 80 BD@P,>H@& *,H,6 & <4D, 4 T4D@8@, D"FBD@FHD">,>4, >,*@D@(@FH@bV4N <,H@*@& :,R,>4b, H"84N, 8"8 B,D@D":\>@-D,(4*D"H"P4@>>"b H,D"B4b, *:b @$,FB,R,>4b &Z04&">4b $@:\T,(@ R4F:" *,H,6. % H@ 0, &D,<b ^H4 D,2J:\H"HZ *@FH4(>JHZ >, &@ &F,N FHD">"N 4 B@**"`V4,Fb BD@L4:"8H48, 4 :,R,>4` $@:,2>4 B@-BD,0>,<J b&:b`HFb (:"&>Z<4 BD4R4>"<4 F<,DH4 *,H,6 <:"*T,(@ &@2D"FH". 7D@<, H@(@, 2>"R4H,:\>Z, (DJBBZ >"F,:,>4b <>@(4N FHD"> B@-BD,0>,<J 4<,`H >,*@FH"H@R>Z6 *@FHJB 8 B4H\,&@6 &@*, 4 F">4H"D>Z< @$X,8H"<, &Z>J0*,>Z 04H\ & JF:@&4bN B,D,>"F,:,>4b 4 @HFJHFH&4b *@FH"H@R>@(@ B4H">4b. ;>@(4, :`*4 B@FH@b>>@ B@*&,D("`HFb @B"F>@FH4 4>L,8P4@>>ZN, B"D"24H"D>ZN 4 B,D,*"&",<ZN R,D,2 &@*J 2"$@:,&">46, H"84N, 8"8 HJ$,D8J:,2, <":bD4b 4 T4FH@F@<@2. 7D@<, H@(@, B@F:,*FH&4b *:b 2*@D@&\b JNJ*T,>4b F@FH@b>4b @8DJ0"`V,6 FD,*Z 4 &@2*,6FH&4b @B"F>ZN &,V,FH& >" D"$@R,< <,FH, &Z2Z&"`H &F, $@:\TJ` @$,FB@8@,>>@FH\ &@ <>@(4N FHD">"N. !>":@(4R>Z< @$D"2@<, D"FHJV,, B@HD,$:,>4, H"$"8", ":8@(@:b 4 >"D8@H4R,F84N FD,*FH& FH">,H BD4R4>@6 2>"R4H,:\>@(@ D@FH" ND@>4R,F84N 2"$@:,&">46 J :`*,6 HDJ*@FB@F@$>@(@ &@2D"FH" 4 BD,FH"D,:ZN, :,R,>4, 8@H@DZN @$N@*4HFb *@D@(@. A@F:,*FH&4b F@8D"V,>4b D"FN@*@& >" >J0*Z 2*D"&@@ND">,>4b 4 *DJ(4N F@P4":\>ZN F:J0$, 4<,&T,(@ <,FH@ &@ <>@(4N FHD">"N & D,2J:\H"H, J<,>\T,>4b D@:4 (@FJ*"DFH&,>>@(@ F,8H@D", >,D"P4@>":\>@(@ 4FB@:\2@&">4b 4<,`V4NFb "FF4(>@&">46 >" 2*D"&@@ND">,>4,, FHDJ8HJD>@6 B,D,FHD@684 4 B,D,N@*" 8 DZ>@R>@6 ^8@>@<48,, BD,*@BD,*,:4:4 2>"R4H,:\>Z, 42<,>,>4b @$D"2" 042>4 :`*,6, FB@F@$@& B@:JR,>4b FD,*FH& 8 FJV,FH&@&">4` 4 <@*,:,6 B@HD,$:,>4b 4 H"80, b&:b`HFb @*>4< 42 L"8H@D@& D@FH" 2"$@:,&",<@FH4 4 F<,DH>@FH4. M@Hb ^8@>@<4R,F84, D,L@D<Z >"FJV>@ >,@$N@*4<Z *:b JFH@6R4&@(@ ^8@>@<4R,F8@(@ D@FH", FH@:\ 0, >"FJV>@ >,@$N@*4<@, RH@$Z BD4 D"2D"$@H8, 4 @FJV,FH&:,>44 BD@(D"<< FHDJ8HJD>@6 B,D,FHD@684 JR4HZ&":Fb F@P4":\>Z6 "FB,8H.

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- 52 -


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- 72 -


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- 73 -


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11.22. =,@$N@*4<@ & B@:>@6 <,D, 4FB@:\2@&"H\ @(D@<>Z, &@2<@0>@FH4 B,R"H4, "J*4@&42J":\>ZN 4 ^:,8HD@>>ZN 4>L@D<"P4@>>ZN FD,*FH&, &8:`R"b $"2Z *">>ZN 4 H"84, F,H4, 8"8 E4FH,<Z 4>L@D<"P44 ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 B@ &@BD@F"< >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b (A?A3=), *:b D"FBD@FHD">,>4b H,N>4R,F8@6 4>L@D<"P44 4 BD@B"(">*Z 4 @$,FB,R,>4b $@:,, (:J$@8@(@ B@>4<">4b &2"4<@F&b2,6 <,0*J >"D@*@>"F,:,>4,<, BD@42&@*FH&@<, B@HD,$:,>4,< 4 JFH@6R4&Z< D"2&4H4,<. 11.23. AD"&4H,:\FH&"<, >,BD"&4H,:\FH&,>>Z< @D(">42"P4b< 4 R"FH>@<J F,8H@DJ F:,*J,H T4D, 4 $@:,, ^LL,8H4&>@ 4FB@:\2@&"H\ FD,*FH&" <"FF@&@6 8@<<J>48"P44, &8:`R"b *>,&>Z, <>@(@F,D46>Z, D"*4@4 H,:,B,D,*"R4 4 B@FH">@&84, FB,8H"8:4 >"D@*>ZN H,"HD@& 4 *DJ(4, HD"*4P4@>>Z, 8@<<J>48"P4@>>Z, FD,*FH&", *:b F@*,6FH&4b @$FJ0*,>4` @$V,FH&,>>@FH\` &"0>ZN, N@Hb >,D,*8@ 4 &,F\<" *,:48"H>ZN &@BD@F@&, F&b2">>ZN F @FJV,FH&:,>4,< >"FH@bV,6 AD@(D"<<Z *,6FH&46. 7@(*" FD,*FH&" 8@<<J>48"P44 - @F@$,>>@ H,"HD":\>Z, B@FH">@&84 - 4FB@:\2J`HFb & BD@F&,H4H,:\F84N P,:bN 4:4 *:b BD@B"(">*Z 8@>8D,H>@(@ @$D"2" 042>4, >,@$N@*4<@ 4>L@D<4D@&"H\ @$ ^H@< @$V,FH&,>>@FH\ 4 *@:0>Z< @$D"2@< J8"2Z&"H\ FB@>F@D@&. 11.24. AD@F&,V,>4,, @D4,>H4D@&">>@, >" 8@>8D,H>Z, &@2D"FH>Z, (DJBBZ, @F@$,>>@ B@*D@FH8@&, B@ &@BD@F"<, D"FF<"HD4&",<Z< & >"FH@bV,6 AD@(D"<<, *,6FH&46, *@:0>@ >"R4>"H\Fb >" JD@&>, F,<\4 4 @$V4>Z 4 BD@*@:0"H\Fb >" &F,N JD@&>bN 4 B@ &F,< 8">":"< L@D<":\>@(@ 4 >,L@D<":\>@(@ @$D"2@&">4b F JR,H@< BD"& 4 @$b2">>@FH,6 D@*4H,:,6 4 B@HD,$>@FH,6 B@*D@FH8@&. G"<, (*, H"8@, @$D"2@&">4, J0, @FJV,FH&:b,HFb, >,@$N@*4<@ B,D,F<@HD,H\, @$>@&4H\ 4 D"FT4D4H\ JR,$>Z, B:">Z 4 <"H,D4":Z & P,:bN @$,FB,R,>4b >"*:,0"V,(@ @N&"H" &"0>ZN &@BD@F@&, 8"F"`V4NFb >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b, 4 BD@H4&@*,6FH&4b F&b2">>Z< F >4<4 <4L@& 4 :@0>ZN BD,*FH"&:,>46. +F:4 H"8@, @$D"2@&">4, >, @FJV,FH&:b,HFb, H@ >,@$N@*4<@ D"2D"$@H"H\ F@@H&,HFH&J`V4, JR,$>Z, B:">Z 4 <"H,D4":Z. ):b H@(@ RH@$Z @$,FB,R4H\ BD42>">4,, ^LL,8H4&>@FH\ 4 P,:,>"BD"&:,>>@FH\ BD@F&,H4H,:\F84N BD@,8H@& >" @$V4>>@< JD@&>,, B@F:,*>4, *@:0>Z $ZH\ @F>@&">Z >" D,2J:\H"H"N F@P4":\>@-8J:\HJD>ZN 4FF:,*@&">46 4 BD,*JF<"HD4&"H\ "8H4&>@, JR"FH4, D@*4H,:,6, F,<,6, 0,>V4>, <@:@*,04, B@04:ZN :`*,6 4 @$V4>>ZN :4*,D@&. 11.25. AD"&4H,:\FH&"< F:,*J,H J*,:bH\ B,D&@@R,D,*>@, &>4<">4, BD@L,FF4@>":\>@6 B@*(@H@&8, 4 2"8D,B:,>4` >" F&@4N <,FH"N FB,P4":4FH@& B@ &@BD@F"< 4>L@D<"P44, @$D"2@&">4b 4 8@<<J>48"P44, @F@$,>>@ JR4H,:,6 4 &F,N *DJ(4N :4P, JR"FH&J`V4N & B:">4D@&">44, @FJV,FH&:,>44, 8@>HD@:, 4 @P,>8, BD@(D"<< & @$:"FH4 4>L@D<"P44, @$D"2@&">4b 4 8@<<J>48"P44. =,@$N@*4<@ &&,FH4 BD@L,FF4@>":\>J` B@*(@H@&8J FB,P4":4FH@&, 8@H@DZ, <@(JH &>,FH4 &"0>Z6 &8:"* & D"2D"$@H8J 8@>P,BP44 4 <,H@*@:@(44 BD@F&,V,>4b B@ &@BD@F"< >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 *DJ(4< F@@H&,HFH&J`V4< &@BD@F"<. % ^H@6 F&b24 >,@$N@*4<@ F@2*"H\ 4 J8D,B4H\ F4FH,<Z BD@L,FF4@>":\>@6 B@*(@H@&84, FB,P4":424DJ`V4,Fb >" B@*(@H@&8, FB,P4":4FH@&, 8@H@DZ, <@(JH @FJV,FH&:bH\ ^LL,8H4&>@, F@HDJ*>4R,FH&@ F BD"&4H,:\FH&"<4 4 >,BD"&4H,:\FH&,>>Z<4 @D(">42"P4b<4, *,6FH&J`V4< & ^H@6 @$:"FH4. 7D@<, H@(@, >,@$N@*4<@ D"FT4D4H\ F@HDJ*>4R,FH&@ <,0*J >"JR>Z<4 4 *DJ(4<4 8DJ("<4 & P,:bN J8D,B:,>4b 8@>P,BHJ":\>@6 4 <,H@*@:@(4R,F8@6 D"$@HZ 4 4FF:,*@&">46 & ^H@6 @$:"FH4. 11.26. ):b J8D,B:,>4b F@:4*"D>@FH4 4 B@FH@b>>@(@ @8"2">4b B@<@V4 & P,:bN D"2&4H4b &F,< FHD">"< >,@$N@*4<@ >,BD,DZ&>@ B@:JR"H\ 4>L@D<"P4` B@ &@BD@F"< >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b. EHD">"< & F:JR", >,@$N@*4<@FH4 F:,*J,H F@2*"H\ 4>L@D<"P4@>>Z, <,N">42<Z, F H,< RH@$Z F@*,6FH&@&"H\ F4FH,<"H424D@&">>@<J F$@DJ, ">":42J, D"FBD@FHD">,>4` 4 4FBo:\2@&">4` 4>L@D<"P44, F&b2">>@6 F &@BD@F"<4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b, >" >"P4@>":\>@< 4 <,0*J>"D@*>@< JD@&>bN, 4 F:,*J,H F@2*"H\ 4:4 J8D,B4H\ F,H4 >" >"P4@>":\>@<, FJ$D,(4@>":\>@< 4 (:@$":\>@< JD@&>bN, F H,< RH@$Z F@*,6FH&@&"H\ @$<,>J 4>L@D<"P4,6 4 @BZH@<.

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- 81 -


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- 93 -


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- 107 -


),bH,:\>@FH\ 16.21. ',>,D":\>"b !FF"<$:,b b&:b,HFb &ZFT4< <,0BD"&4H,:\FH&,>>Z< @D(">@< & B:">, D"2D"$@H84 4 @P,>84 B@:4H484 B@ &@BD@F"<, F&b2">>Z< F @FJV,FH&:,>4,< *,bH,:\>@FH4 B@F:, >"FH@bV,6 7@>L,D,>P44. % P,:bN @$,FB,R,>4b ^LL,8H4&>@(@ &ZB@:>,>4b D,T,>46 7@>L,D,>P44, " H"80, *:b D"FT4D,>4b >" <,0BD"&4H,:\FH&,>>@< JD@&>, &@2<@0>@FH,6 & @$:"FH4 BD4>bH4b D,T,>46 @ &8:`R,>44 &@BD@F@& >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b & F@@H&,HFH&J`VJ` *,bH,:\>@FH\ !FF"<$:,, F:,*J,H @D(">42@&"H\ BD@&,*,>4, D,(J:bD>@(@ @$2@D" &ZB@:>,>4b >"FH@bV,6 AD@(D"<<Z *,6FH&46. % D"<8"N &ZB@:>,>4b ^H@6 2"*"R4 !FF"<$:,, F:,*J,H D"FF<@HD,H\ &@BD@F @ FD@8"N, L@D<"H, 4 @D(">42"P4@>>ZN "FB,8H"N BD@&,*,>4b H"8@(@ @$2@D". 16.22. ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,, 4 ]8@>@<4R,F8@<J 4 E@P4":\>@<J E@&,HJ F:,*J,H &ZB@:>bH\ F&@4 F@@H&,HFH&J`V4, LJ>8P44, &@2:@0,>>Z, >" >4N F@(:"F>@ IFH"&J ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, B@ D"2D"$@H8, B@:4H484 4 @$,FB,R,>4` *4D,8H4&>@(@ DJ8@&@*FH&" *,bH,:\>@FH\` ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b 4 ,, 8@@D*4>"P44. 16.23. ]8@>@<4R,F846 4 E@P4":\>Z6 E@&,H F JR,H@< ,(@ D@:4 B@ @H>@T,>4` 8 ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,,, BD,*JF<@HD,>>@6 & IFH"&,, 4 & F@@H&,HFH&44 F D,2@:`P4b<4 45/264, 46/235 4 48/162 !FF"<$:,4 *@:0,> @8"2Z&"H\ ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,, B@<@V\ & F@*,6FH&44 BD4<,>,>4` 8@<B:,8F>@(@ B@*N@*" 4 @$,FB,R,>44 & <"FTH"$"N &F,6 F4FH,<Z 8@@D*4>"P44 4 DJ8@&@*FH&" & H@<, RH@ 8"F",HFb 8@>HD@:b 2" @FJV,FH&:,>4,< >"FH@bV,6 AD@(D"<<Z *,6FH&46 4 &Z>,F,>4b D,8@<,>*"P46 & ^H@6 F&b24. =,@$N@*4<@ BD4>bH\ >"*:,0"V4, <,DZ, BD,*JF<"HD4&"`V4, BD,*FH"&:,>4, FB,P4":424D@&">>Z<4 JRD,0*,>4b<4 >" D,(J:bD>@6 @F>@&, *@8:"*@&, 8"F"`V4NFb 4N B:">@& 4 BD@(D"<<, F&b2">>ZN F @FJV,FH&:,>4,< AD@(D"<<Z *,6FH&46, &@ 4FB@:>,>4, FH"H\4 64 IFH"&". 16.24. ]8@>@<4R,F8@<J 4 E@P4":\>@<J E@&,HJ BD,*:"(",HFb BD@&,FH4 & D"<8"N F4FH,<Z ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 @$2@D F4FH,<Z @HR,H>@FH4, F&b2">>@6 F &@BD@F"<4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b, F JR,H@< BD@P,*JD BD,*FH"&:,>4b @HR,H>@FH4, BD,*JF<@HD,>>ZN & D"<8"N 8@>HD@:b 2" &ZB@:>,>4,< D,T,>46 *DJ(4N <,0*J>"D@*>ZN 8@>L,D,>P46, F P,:\` F@2*">4b, B@ <,D, &@2<@0>@FH4, $@:,, F@(:"F@&">>@6 F4FH,<Z @HR,H>@FH4. 16.25. % D"<8"N 4N F@@H&,HFH&J`V4N <">*"H@& 4 & F@@H&,HFH&44 F D,2@:`P4,6 48/162 ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,4 !FF"<$:,, & N@*, ,, F@D@8 *,&bH@6 F,FF44 4 ]8@>@<4R,F8@<J 4 E@P4":\>@<J E@&,HJ & 1995 (@*J F:,*J,H D"FF<@HD,H\ &@BD@F @ D@:4, LJ>8P4bN, <">*"H"N 4 FD"&>4H,:\>ZN BD,4<JV,FH&"N F@@H&,HFH&J`V4N <,0BD"&4H,:\FH&,>>ZN @D(">@& 4 @D(">@& F4FH,<Z ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, 2">4<"`V4NFb &@BD@F"<4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b, F H,< RH@$Z: ") @$,FB,R4H\ ^LL,8H4&>@, 4 D,2J:\H"H4&>@, @FJV,FH&:,>4,, 8@>HD@:\ 4 @P,>8J @B,D"H4&>@6 *,bH,:\>@FH4 ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, 8@H@D"b $J*,H D,":42@&Z&"H\Fb >" @F>@&, >"FH@bV,6 AD@(D"<<Z *,6FH&46; b) B@&ZF4H\ ^LL,8H4&>@FH\ 4 D,2J:\H"H4&>@FH\ FJV,FH&J`V4N FHDJ8HJD 4 <,N">42<@& ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, >" 8@H@DZ, &@2:@0,>@ @FJV,FH&:,>4, *,bH,:\>@FH4 & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b, 4 8@>HD@:\ 2" ,, D,":42"P4,6, &8:`R"b FHD"H,(44 & @$:"FH4 8@@D*4>"P44 4 BD@&,*,>4, @$2@D" >" <,0BD"&4H,:\FH&,>>@< JD@&>,; F) @$,FB,R4H\ BDb<@, BD42>">4, &2"4<@F&b24 <,0*J *4D,8H4&>Z< DJ8@&@*FH&@<, >"JR>Z<4 4FF:,*@&">4b<4, JFH">@&:,>4,< FH">*"DH@& 4 @B,D"H4&>@6 *,bH,:\>@FH\` & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b, " H"80, @$,FB,R4H\ D"2*,:,>4, LJ>8P46 <,0*J F@@H&,HFH&J`V4<4 @D(">"<4.

- 108 -


16.26. % D"<8"N F&@,(@ @$2@D" ]8@>@<4R,F8@<J 4 E@P4":\>@<J E@&,HJ F:,*J,H F JR,H@< D,2@:`P44 48/162 ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,4 D"FF<@HD,H\ &@BD@F @ D@:4 F@@H&,HFH&J`V4N @D(">@& ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, 2">4<"`V4NFb &@BD@F"<4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b, &8:`R"b K@>* ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 ?H*,: >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b ),B"DH"<,>H" B@ ^8@>@<4R,F8@6 4 F@P4":\>@6 4>L@D<"P44 4 ">":42J B@:4H484 E,8D,H"D4"H" ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 & F&b24 F *,bH,:\>@FH\` B@ @FJV,FH&:,>4` >"FH@bV,6 AD@(D"<<Z *,6FH&46. 16.27. % F@@H&,HFH&44 F ,, D,2@:`P4,6 48/162 ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,, >" ,, F@D@8 *,&bH@6 F,FF44 BD,*:"(",HFb BD@*@:04H\ D"FF<@HD,>4, &@BD@F" @ F@2*">44 @H*,:\>@(@ 3FB@:>4H,:\>@(@ F@&,H" K@>*" ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b F JR,H@< D,2J:\H"H@& &ZT,JB@<b>JH@(@ @$2@D" 4 BD4>4<"b &@ &>4<">4, "*<4>4FHD"H4&>Z,, $`*0,H>Z, 4 BD@(D"<<>Z, B@F:,*FH&4b D,":42"P44 H"8@(@ BD,*:@0,>4b. 16.28. ',>,D":\>@<J F,8D,H"D` ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 BD,*:"(",HFb BD@&,FH4 8@>FJ:\H"P44 F D"2:4R>Z<4 @D(">"<4 F4FH,<Z ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, " H"80, F <,0*J>"D@*>Z<4 L4>">F@&Z<4 JRD,0*,>4b<4 4 D"2:4R>Z<4 @D(">42"P4b<4 4 JRD,0*,>4b<4 B@ @8"2">4` *&JFH@D@>>,6 B@<@V4, & P,:bN F@*,6FH&4b @$<,>J <,0*J >4<4 4>L@D<"P4,6 @ B@HD,$>@FHbN & <,0*J>"D@*>@6 B@<@V4 4 BD@&,*,>4b >" D,(J:bD>@6 @F>@&, @$2@D@& 8@>8D,H>ZN B@HD,$>@FH,6 FHD"> & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 D"2&4H4b, &8:`R"b RD,2&ZR"6>Z, 4 &D,<,>>Z, B@HD,$>@FH4, 4 @$,FB,R,>4b <"8F4<":\>@ &@2<@0>@(@ >":4R4b D,FJDF@& 4 4N >"4$@:,, ^LL,8H4&>@(@ 4FB@:\2@&">4b. 16.29. %F,< FB,P4":424D@&">>Z< JRD,0*,>4b< 4 F&b2">>Z< F >4<4 @D(">42"P4b< F4FH,<Z ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 BD,*:"(",HFb J8D,B4H\ 4 F8@DD,8H4D@&"H\ F&@` *,bH,:\>@FH\, BD@(D"<<Z 4 FD,*>,FD@R>Z, FHD"H,(44, F@@H&,HFH&,>>@, F H,< RH@$Z JR,FH\ <,D@BD4bH4b B@ &ZB@:>,>4` D,T,>46 7@>L,D,>P44. E@@H&,HFH&J`V4< DJ8@&@*bV4< @D(">"< >,@$N@*4<@ BD@&,FH4 @$2@D F&@,6 B@:4H484, BD@(D"<<, $`*0,H@& 4 *,bH,:\>@FH4 & ^H@6 F&b24.

- 109 -


AD4<,R">4b 1/ )@8:"* 7@>L,D,>P44 ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 B@ @8DJ0"`V,6 FD,*, 4 D"2&4H4`, C4@-*,-/">,6D@, 3-14 4`>b 1992 (@*", H@< I, C,2@:`P44, BD4>bHZ, >" 7@>L,D,>P44 (42*">4, ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, & BD@*"0, B@* R.93.I.8 4 4FBD"&:,>4b), D,2@:`P4b 1, BD4:@0,>4, II. 2/ 3FH@R>48@< *">>ZN B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4` & BJ>8H"N 1.3 4 1.4 b&:b,HFb (@H@&bV,,Fb 8 BJ$:48"P44 42*">4, ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 World Population Prospects: The 1994 Revision. 3/ E<. )@8:"* %F,<4D>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4`, #JN"D,FH, 19-30 "&(JFH" 1974 (@*" (42*">4, ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, & BD@*"0, B@* R.75.MIII.3). 4/ E<. )@8:"* ;,0*J>"D@*>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ >"D@*@>"F,:,>4`, ;,N48@, 6-14 "&(JFH" 1984 (@*" (42*">4, ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, & BD@*"0, B@* R.84.MIII.8 4 4FBD"&:,>4b). 5/ E<. )@8:"* %F,<4D>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 *:b @$2@D" 4 @P,>84 *@FH40,>46 ),FbH4:,H4b 0,>V4> ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46: D"&,>FH&@, D"2&4H4, 4 <4D, ="6D@$4, 15-26 4`:b 1985 (@*" (42*">4, ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, & BD@*"0, B@* R.85.IV.10). 6/ 1990).

E<. First Call for Children (New York, United Nations Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Fund,

7/ E<. )@8:"* 7@>L,D,>P44 ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 B@ @8DJ0"`V,6 FD,*, 4 D"2&4H4`, C4@-*,-/">,6D@, 3-14 4`>b 1992 (@*" (42*">4, ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, & BD@*"0, B@* R.93.I.8 4 4FBD"&:,>4b). 8/ E<. The Final Report of the International Conference on Nutrition, Rome, 15-11 December 1992 (Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 1993). 9/ E<. )@8:"* %F,<4D>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ BD"&"< R,:@&,8", %,>", 14-25 4`>b 1993 (@*" (A/CONF.157/24 (R"FH\ I). 10/

C,2@:`P4b 47/75 ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,4.

11/

C,2@:`P4b 48/163 ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,4.

12/ E<. )@8:"* ':@$":\>@6 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ JFH@6R4&@<J D"2&4H4` <":ZN @FHD@&>ZN D"2&4&"`V4NFb (@FJ*"DFH&, #D4*0H"J>, #"D$"*@F, 26 "BD,:b-6 <"b 1994 (@*" (42*">4, ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46, & BD@*"0, B@* R.94.I.18 4 4FBD"&:,>4,). 13/

C,2@:`P4b 44/82 ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,4.

14/

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15/ C,2@:`P44 36/8 4 37/7 7@<4FF44 B@ B@:@0,>4` 0,>V4> (?L4P4":\>Z, @HR,HZ ]8@>@<4R,F8@(@ 4 E@P4":\>@(@ E@&,H", 1992 (@*, )@B@:>,>4, 4 (+/1992/24), (:"&" I, D"2*,: E, 4 H"< 0,, 1993 (@*, )@B@:>,>4, 7 (+/1993/27), (:"&" I, D"2*,: E).

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16/

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17/ E<. )@8:"* &H@D@6 7@>L,D,>P44 ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 B@ >"4<,>,, D"2&4HZ< FHD">"<, A"D40, 3-14 F,>Hb$Db 1990 (@*" (!/E?NF.147/18), R"FH\ B,D&"b. 18/

C,2@:`P4b 46/151 ',>,D":\>@6 !FF"<$:,4, BD4:@0,>4,, D"2*,: II.

19/ ),H4 @BD,*,:,>>@6 &@2D"FH>@6 (DJBBZ, B@*D@FH84, 0,>V4>Z, B@04:Z, :`*4, 4>&":4*Z, 8@D,>>@, >"F,:,>4,, F,:\F8@, >"F,:,>4,, >"F,:,>4, (@D@*@&, <4(D">HZ, $,0,>PZ, B,D,<,V,>>Z, :4P" 4 04H,:4 HDJV@$. 20/ A@* "$@DH@<, BD@42&@*4<Z< & >,"*,8&"H>ZN JF:@&4bN, B@>4<",HFb BD@P,*JD" BD,DZ&">4b >,0,:",<@6 $,D,<,>>@FH4 :4$@ :4P"<4, >, @$:"*"`V4<4 >,@$N@*4<Z<4 >"&Z8"<4, :4$@ & JF:@&4bN, >, @$,FB,R4&"`V4N F@$:`*,>4, <4>4<":\>ZN <,*4P4>F84N >@D<, 4:4 BD4 >":4R44 @$@4N J8"2">>ZN @$FH@bH,:\FH& (>" @F>@&, World Health Organization, The Prevention and Management of Unsafe Abortion, Report of a Technical Working Group, Geneva, April 1992 (WHO/MSM/92.5). 21/ 7@>L,D,>P4b $,2@B"F>@(@ <"H,D4>FH&" >"BD"&:,>" >" @$,FB,R,>4, @BH4<":\>@(@ F@FH@b>4b 2*@D@&\b <"H,D4 4 >@&@D@0*,>>@(@. ?>" B@*D"2J<,&",H F@8D"V,>4, F<,DH>@FH4 4 2"$@:,&",<@FH4 <"H,D,6 4 J8D,B:,>4, 2*@D@&\b >@&@D@0*,>>ZN 2" FR,H BD,*@FH"&:,>4b FBD"&,*:4&@(@ *@FHJB" 8 @F>@&>Z< JF:J("< B@ @ND">, 2*@D@&\b, &8:`R"b B:">4D@&">4, F,<\4, JN@* & *@D@*@&@6 B,D4@*, B,D4@* D@*@& 4 B@F:,D@*@&@6 B,D4@* 2" <"H,D\` 4 <:"*,>P,<, " H"80, *@FHJB" 8 >,@$N@*4<@6 "8JT,DF8@6 4 B,*4"HD4R,F8@6 B@<@V4 (World Health Organization, Health, Population and Development, WHO Position Paper, Geneva, 1994 (WHO/FHE/94.1). 22/ 7@H@DZ, <@(JH &8:`R"H\ *,H,6, B@*D@FH8@&, 0,>V4>, B@04:ZN :`*,6, 4>&":4*@&, 8@D,>>@, >"F,:,>4,, F,:\F8@, >"F,:,>4,, >"F,:,>4, (@D@*@&, <4(D">H@&, $,0,>P,&, B,D,<,V,>>ZN :4P 4 04H,:,6 HDJV@$.

- 111 -


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* * AD4>bH" >" 14-< B:,>"D>@< 2"F,*">44 13 F,>Hb$Db 1994 (@*"; 4>L@D<"P4` @ N@*, @$FJ0*,>4b F<. & (:"&, VIII. ** AD4>bH" >" 13-< B:,>"D>@< 2"F,*">44 13 F,>Hb$Db 1994 (@*"; 4>L@D<"P4` @ N@*, @$FJ0*,>4b F<. & (:"&, VI. 1/

A/CONF.171/11 4 Corr.1. - 112 -


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':"&" IV )?79!) '9!%=?'? 7?;3G+G! 1. =" 1-< B:,>"D>@< 2"F,*">44 5 F,>Hb$Db 1994 (@*" 7@>L,D,>P4b JH&,D*4:" B@Db*@8 F&@,6 D"$@HZ, 42:@0,>>Z6 & *@8J<,>H, A/CONF.171/3, 4 B@FH">@&4:" B,D,*"H\ BJ>8H 9 B@&,FH84 *>b (AD@(D"<<" *,6FH&46 7@>L,D,>P44) >" D"FF<@HD,>4, ':"&>@(@ 8@<4H,H", 8@H@DZ6 *@:0,> $Z: BD,*FH"&4H\ 7@>L,D,>P44 F&@4 D,8@<,>*"P44. 2. ':"&>Z6 8@<4H,H BD@&,: BbH\ 2"F,*">46 5-12 F,>Hb$Db 1994 (@*". ?> H"80, BD@&,: Db* >,@L4P4":\>ZN 2"F,*">46. 3.

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18.

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19.

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22.

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7@>L,D,>P44 *@:0>Z $ZH\ &ZD"$@H">Z >" @F>@&, F&@$@*>@(@ @$FJ0*,>4b 4 @H8DZH@(@ *4":@(" & JF:@&4bN @H8"2" @H 8"8@6-:4$@ 0,FH8@6 BD4&,D0,>>@FH4 T"$:@>>Z< L@D<J:"<, >, D"FF<"HD4&"&T4<Fb 4 >, @$FJ0*"&T4<Fb >" 7@>L,D,>P44. =" <@6 &2(:b*, 4H@(@&Z, *@8J<,>HZ 4 P,:4 7@>L,D,>P44 *@:0>Z D"2D"$"HZ&"H\Fb >" @F>@&, H&@DR,F8@(@ @$<,>" <>,>4b<4 & D"<8"N F&@$@*>@(@ *4":@(" & P,:bN B@4F8" @$V,6 B:"HL@D<Z, 8@H@D"b $Z @$X,*4>b:" &F, FJV,FH&J`V4, D"2:4R>Z, H@R84 2D,>4b. % H"8@< F:JR", D,8@<,>*"P44 7@>L,D,>P44 $J*JH F&4*,H,:\FH&@< H@(@, RH@ &F, <,0*J>"D@*>@, F@@$V,FH&@ & P,:@< BD@b&:b,H FBD"&,*:4&@FH\ B@ @H>@T,>4` 8@ &F,< FHD">"< 4 >"D@*"< 4 @$,FB,R4&",H 4< D"&>Z, &@2<@0>@FH4, 8"8 $Z <":@R4F:,>>@ >4 $Z:@ 4N >"F,:,>4, 4:4 @(D">4R,>>Z 4N D,FJDFZ. % *">>@6 7@>L,D,>P44 BD4>4<"`H JR"FH4, BD,*FH"&4H,:4 >"D@*@&, BD4>"*:,0"V4N 8 D"2:4R>Z< P4&4:42"P4b<, 8J:\HJD"< 4 D,:4(4b<, 2"8@>Z 8@H@DZN >"*@ J&"0"H\. % F&b24 F ^H4< &ZD"$@H"H\ @$VJ` B@24P4`, @$X,*4>b`VJ` &F,N JR"FH>48@& >"T,(@ L@DJ<", & 8@H@D@< BD,*FH"&:,>Z F"<Z, D"2:4R>Z, H@R84 2D,>4b, <@0>@ H@:\8@ >" @F>@&, @$<,>" <>,>4b<4 >" *,<@8D"H4R,F84N BD4>P4B"N. %@-&H@DZN, *:b &ZD"$@H84 H"8@6 @$V,6 B@24P44 >,@$N@*4< F&@$@*>Z6 *4":@(, BD@>48>JHZ6 *JN@< F@:4*"D>@FH4, B@>4<">4,< @$V,6 @H&,HFH&,>>@FH4 4 &F,@$V4< FHD,<:,>4,< JR4HZ&"H\ B@24P44 *DJ(4N JR"FH>48@& 4 BD42>"&"H\, RH@ >4 @*>" 42 FH@D@> >, <@0,H BD,H,>*@&"H\ >" H@, RH@ @>" 4<,,H <@>@B@:4` >" 4FH4>J. ="T *4":@( *@:0,> BD,*FH"&:bH\ F@$@6 B@4F8 8@<BD@<4FF@&, @HD"0"`V4N &2"4<@2"&4F4<@FH\ D"2:4R>ZN 8J:\HJD. ;Z >, *@:0>Z JBJF8"H\ 42 &4*J F&@` P,:\, >, *@:0>Z F$4&"H\Fb >" R"FH>@FH4, 4$@ & BD@H4&>@< F:JR", >"T *4":@( >, &Z6*,H 2" D"<84 BD,*&2bHZN B@24P46, 8@H@DZ, >,8@H@DZ, FH@D@>Z N@H,:4 $Z >"&b2"H\ *DJ(4<. A@&D,*4H\ D"2&4H4` *4":@(" <@0,H H"80, F4:\>"b B@:bD42"P4b & @H>@T,>4bN <,0*J D"2&4HZ<4 4 D"2&4&"`V4<4Fb (@FJ*"DFH&"<4 - BD4R,< & H"8@6 FH,B,>4, RH@ <Z <@0,< @8"2"H\Fb & :"$4D4>H, F,D\,2>ZN D"2>@(:"F46. % 8@>,R>@< 0, FR,H,, >"T4 JF4:4b $J*JH D"FBZ:,>Z 4 >"T, ,*4>FH&@ >"DJT,>@, 4 <Z >, F<@0,< @H&D"H4H\ H, F,D\,2>Z, @B"F>@FH4, 8@H@DZ, FH"&bH B@* J(D@2J F"<@ FJV,FH&@&">4, R,:@&,R,FH&". %-HD,H\4N, <Z (:J$@8@ J$,0*,>Z & H@<, RH@ >48"84N BD@H4&@D,R46 <,0*J D,:4(4,6 4 >"J8@6, *JN@&>Z<4 4 <"H,D4":\>Z<4 L"8H@D"<4, HD,$@&">4b<4 <@*,D>42"P44 4 HD"*4P4@>>Z<4 BD,*FH"&:,>4b<4 >, FJV,FH&J,H, B@F8@:\8J & 042>4 & H,N 4:4 4>ZN F@R,H">4bN &F, ^H4 L"8H@DZ 4(D"`H @BD,*,:,>>J` D@:\. Q,:@&,R,FH&@ >, F<@0,H *@$4H\Fb <4D", $,2@B"F>@FH4 4 FR"FH\b, ,F:4 ,<J >, J*"FHFb >"6H4 BD4,<:,<@, F@@H>@T,>4, <,0*J F&@4<4 *JN@&>Z<4 4 <"H,D4":\>Z<4 B@HD,$>@FHb<4. %-R,H&,DHZN, & D,8@<,>*"P4bN 7@>L,D,>P44 *@:0>Z JR4HZ&"H\Fb 4>H,D,FZ &F,N FHD"> F@@$D"2>@ F@ FB,P4L48@6 4N JF:@&46 4 <4D@&@22D,>4,<. G"84, D,8@<,>*"P44 *@:0>Z F@@H&,HFH&@&"H\ D,:4(4@2>Z< 2"8@>"< 4 BD4>P4B"< F@@H&,HFH&J`V4N FHD"> 4 *@:0>Z $ZH\ F@&<,FH4<Z F H,< <4D@&@22D,>4,<, 8@H@D@, @BD,*,:b,H 4N B@24P44. % ^H@6 F&b24 b N@H,: $Z JB@<b>JH\ @ D,2@:`P44 1991/93 ]8@>@<4R,F8@(@ 4 E@P4":\>@(@ E@&,H", & 8@H@D@6 @H<,R",HFb >,@$N@*4<@FH\ J&"0,>4b FJ&,D,>4H,H" &F,N (@FJ*"DFH& 4 4N BD"&" D"2D"$"HZ&"H\ 4 @FJV,FH&:bH\ F&@` B@:4H48J & @$:"FH4 >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b & F@@H&,HFH&44 F 4N 8J:\HJD@6, P,>>@FHb<4 4 HD"*4P4b<4, " H"80, 4N F@P4":\>Z<4, ^8@>@<4R,F84<4 4 B@:4H4R,F84<4 JF:@&4b<4, BD4 J&"0,>44 BD"& R,:@&,8" 4 F JR,H@< @$b2">>@FH,6 @H*,:\>ZN :4P, F,<,6 4 @$V,FH&. %-BbHZN, >, F:,*J,H D"FF<"HD4&"H\ 7@>L,D,>P4` & 7"4D, 8"8 @H*,:\>@, F@$ZH4,, 42@:4D@&">>@, @H <>@(@R4F:,>>ZN <,0*J>"D@*>ZN <,D@BD4bH46, 8@H@DZ, BD@&@*4:4F\ & BD@T:@< 4:4 $J*JH BD@&@*4H\Fb & $J*JV,< & P,:bN @$FJ0*,>4b *DJ(4N &@:>J`V4N >"F BD@$:,<, H"84N, 8"8 7@>L,D,>P4b ?D(">42"P44 ?$X,*4>,>>ZN ="P46 B@ @8DJ0"`V,6 FD,*, 4 D"2&4H4`, F@FH@b&T"bFb & - 156 -


1992 (@*J, 4 BD,*FH@bV4, 8@>L,D,>P44 B@ BD@$:,<"< F@P4":\>@(@ D"2&4H4b, 0,>V4> 4 >"F,:,>>ZN BJ>8H@&. %F, ^H4 JF4:4b <,0*J>"D@*>@(@ F@@$V,FH&" *@:0>Z @FJV,FH&:bH\Fb & D"<8"N ,*4>@6 FHD"H,(44: BD@$:,<Z >"T,6 B:">,HZ FH":4 >"FH@:\8@ F:@0>Z<4 4 &2"4<@F&b2">>Z<4, RH@ &ZD"$@H"H\ BD"&4:\>Z, D,T,>4b H"84N BD@$:,< <@0>@ H@:\8@ >" @F>@&, 8@<B:,8F>@6 8@>P,BP44 D"2&4H4b. QH@$Z @P,>4H\ &F` F:@0>@FH\ F4HJ"P46, F 8@H@DZ<4 & >"FH@bV,, &D,<b FH":84&",HFb R,:@&,R,FH&@, B@-&4*4<@<J, *@FH"H@R>@ &FB@<>4H\ >,8@H@DZ, &"0>Z, L"8HZ. % >"FH@bV,, &D,<b >" >"T,6 B:">,H, 04&JH 5,5 <4::4"D*" R,:@&,8. 7"0*Z6 (@* ^H@ R4F:@ J&,:4R4&",HFb >" 90 <4::4@>@& R,:@&,8. GD4 R,H&,DH4 ^H@(@ F@&@8JB>@(@ >"F,:,>4b F@FD,*@H@R,>@ & D"2&4&"`V4NFb FHD">"N, *@:b 8@H@DZN & @$V,<4D@&@< @$X,<, *@N@*" F@FH"&:b,H &F,(@ :4T\ 15 BD@P,>H@&, RH@ :4T\ JFJ(J$:b,H 8"DH4>J. A@ *">>Z< <,0*J>"D@*>@6 FH"H4FH484, & ^H4N FHD">"N >"FR4HZ&",HFb 500 <4::4@>@& $,2D"$@H>ZN, 8@H@DZ, >"N@*bHFb & Hb0,:@< B@:@0,>44 42-2" @HFJHFH&4b D"$@R4N <,FH. =@ ,V, @B"F>,, H@, RH@ $,2D"$@H4P" &ZDZ&",H :`*,6 42 042>4 @$V,FH&" & F&@4N FHD">"N. ]H@ F"<@, FHD"T>@, 4 D"2DJT4H,:\>@, 42 &F,N B@F:,*FH&46 $,2D"$@H4PZ. #@:\T4>FH&@ JB@<b>JHZN FHD"> FH":84&"`HFb F F,D\,2>Z<4 BD@$:,<"<4 & @$:"FH4 &>,T>,6 2"*@:0,>>@FH4 4 @$F:J04&">4b *@:(", 4 & R"FH>@FH4 H"8 @$FH@4H *,:@ & FHD">"N !LD484, D"2<,DZ &>,T>,6 2"*@:0,>>@FH4 8@H@DZN *@FH4(:4 285 <:D*. *@::. ES!. ;>@(4, 42 >4N 42-2" 2"FJN 4 @BJFHZ>4&">4b H"80, 4FBZHZ&"`H >,N&"H8J BD@*@&@:\FH&4b. % H"84N D"2&4&"`V4NFb FHD">"N @H D@*@&ZN @F:@0>,>46 ,0,(@*>@ J<4D"`H B@:<4::4@>" 0,>V4>, RH@ & 200 D"2 BD,&ZT",H F@@H&,HFH&J`V46 B@8"2"H,:\ *:b 0,>V4>, BD@04&"`V4N & +&D@B,. %F, ^H4 b&:,>4b HD,$J`H "8H4&42"P44 JF4:46, BD,*BD4>4<",<ZN *:b D,T,>4b BD@$:,<Z >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b 4 $@D\$Z F B,D,>"F,:,>4,< & F@@H&,HFH&44 F D,:4(4@2>Z<4 2"8@>"<4 4 P,>>@FHb<4, & P,:bN *@FH40,>4b BD4,<:,<ZN H,<B@& BD4D@FH" >"F,:,>4b, F@@H&,HFH&J`V4N 4<,`V4<Fb D,FJDF"<, *:b @$,FB,R,>4b $@:,, F&,H:@(@ $J*JV,(@ (Db*JV4< B@8@:,>4b<. ]H@ - @$V"b 2"*"R" &F,(@ R,:@&,R,FH&" - 8"8 $,*>ZN, H"8 4, & B,D&J` @R,D,*\, $@("HZN FHD"> 4 >, H@:\8@ B@H@<J, RH@ <Z, 04&JV4, & ,*4>@< <4D,, *@:0>Z FHD,<4H\Fb 8 4>H,(D"P44 4 F@HDJ*>4R,FH&J, 4:4 B@H@<J, RH@ >,8@H@DZ, 42 ^H4N BD@$:,< @$JF:@&:,>Z @HFJHFH&4,< 8D4H,D4,& FBD"&,*:4&@FH4 & @H>@T,>4bN F D"2&4HZ<4 FHD">"<4, >@ H"80, 4 B@H@<J, RH@ - 4 ^H@, &@2<@0>@, F"<"b F,D\,2>"b J(D@2" *:b >"T,6 B:">,HZ - >,("H4&>Z, B@F:,*FH&4b BD@$:,<, F&b2">>ZN F B,D,>"F,:,>4,<, >, 2>"`H (D">4P, " ^H@ BD4&@*4H 8 J&,:4R,>4` @B"F>@FH4 4<<4(D"P44, >"F4:4b 4 ^B4*,<46, " H"80, 8 B@FH@b>>@<J JNJ*T,>4` F@FH@b>4b @8DJ0"`V,6 FD,*Z 4 JF4:,>4` @HD4P"H,:\>@(@ &@2*,6FH&4b, @8"2Z&",<@(@ ^H4< BD@P,FF@< >" 042>\ &F,N >"F. AD@$:,<J >"D@*@>"F,:,>4b, F 8@H@D@6 FH":84&",HFb R,:@&,R,FH&@, >,&@2<@0>@ D,T4H\, F@FD,*@H@R4&T4F\ H@:\8@ >" ,, *,<@(D"L4R,F84N "FB,8H"N, ,, F:,*J,H D,T"H\ H"80, & H,F>@6 &2"4<@F&b24 F BD@$:,<"<4 F@P4":\>@(@, ^8@>@<4R,F8@(@ 4 8J:\HJD>@(@ D"2&4H4b, >"BD"&:,>>@(@ >" $@:,, B@:>@, D"F8DZH4, H&@DR,F84N &@2<@0>@FH,6 R,:@&,8" 4 @$,FB,R,>4, ,(@ $@:,, "8H4&>@(@ JR"FH4b & BD@42&@*FH&, 4 B@HD,$:,>44. %F, ^H@ *@:0>@ @FJV,FH&:bH\Fb & D"<8"N &Z&,D,>>@6 8@>P,BP44, @BD,*,:b`V,6 N"D"8H,D &2"4<@2"&4F4<@FH4 <,0*J >"F,:,>4,< 4 D,FJDF"<4, 8"8 F JR,H@< B@HD,$>@FH,6 $J*JV4N B@8@:,>46, H"8 4 F JR,H@< >,@$N@*4<@FH4 J*@&:,H&@D,>4b B@HD,$>@FH,6 >Z>,T>,(@ B@8@:,>4b.

- 157 -


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