Danae Petrou Architect Engineer and Environmental Designer
firstname.lastname@example.org linkedin.com/in/danae-petrou 07753995622 16 Craven Terrace, W2 3QD, London, UK 20 November 1994
University College London (UCL), The Bartlett School of Environment, Energy and Resources, London, United Kindom “Msc Built Environment: Environmental Design and Engineering”
Modules: Built Environment-The energy context, Health, Comfort and Wellbeing in the Built Environment, Natural and Mechanical Ventilation of Buildings, Methods of Environmental Analysis, Building Solar Design, Efficient Building Services Systems, Industrial Symbiosis, Low Energy Housing Retrofit Main skills acquired: Development of sustainable design concept, Development of circular economy strategy, Energy-daylight-indoor climate simulation, Zero-energy building design, Energy retrofit to Passivhaus standard, Sustainability certifications (BREEAM, Passivhaus, WELL etc.), Life cycle assessment, Sustainable material selection.
-Graduation Grade (estimated): ‘Pass with Distinction’
N.T.U.A. School Of Architecture, Athens, Greece “Architecture Engineering Integrated Masters”
Theme areas of courses: Design - Theory, History - Theory, General Education, Visual Expression and Representation, Urban and Regional Planning, Architectural Technology. Elective courses of personal interest: Special Topics in Sustainable Design, Special Topics in Structural Mechanics, Special Topics in Building Material Technology, Special Topics in Architectural Design, Special Topics in Architectural Morphology, Special Topics in History and Theory, Special Topics in Architectural Space and Communication, Special Topics in Urban Planning. (min. 5-years, ECTS:300)
-Diploma Project: ‘State Open School v2.0 - Sustainable retrofit of elementary school and kindergarden at Pireas’ - Grade: 9,7/10 -Thesis: ‘Sustainable Schools - Sustainable Retrofit of greek school buildings’ - Grade: 10/10 -Input Ranking, after pan-Hellenic university admission examinations: 1st -Graduation Grade: 9.18 / 10 , ‘Excellent’
9th State High School, Pireaus, Greece -Graduation grade: 19.5 / 20, ‘Excellent’
work experience 2016-2017
Lendager Group, Copenhagen, Denmark, Internship, 6 months
Projects: 1. Gronnetorvet, Copenhagen, Denmark (Building Adaptation Project), 2. Varvsstaden, Malmo, Sweden (Urban Metabolism Project), 3. Helsinge Nord, Denmark (Architecture-Urban Planning Competition), 4. Nearheden, Denmark (Residential Project), 5. Lisbjerg, Denmark (Residential Project), 6. Tarnby Nature School, Copenhagen, Denmark (Education Project) Tasks: Analysis-Reference Research, Strategy, Brainstorming, Diagrams and Drawings (Autocad, Sketchup, Photoshop, Illustrator), Modelmaking, Collages-Posters about Material Reuse possibilities
Practical Exercise: Systematic Analysis of Vernacular Buildings and Settlements, N.T.U.A. School of Architecture, 1 academic semester Village Trikeri, South Pilio, Greece
Thorough study of built environment in a traditional settlement, which included local architecture, structural details and techniques, public space elements and mapping.
Part time assistant in Nikolaos Grozopoulos planning office, 2 months Tasks: Map editing
awards and scholarships 2012-2018
Scholarship ‘Panagiotis Triantafyllidis’ by Ministry of Culture, Education and Religious Affairs, after written examination
Award ‘Lysimachos Kaftantzoglou’ by National Technical University of Athens for achieving the 3rd highest grade at the academic year 2014-5 (9.23/10)
Award ‘Chr. Papakyriakopoulos’ by National Technical University of Athens for achieving the highest grade at Mathematics (10/10)
Award granded by Banking Company Eurobank EFG Group (scholarship program ‘Great Moment for Education’) for achieving the school’s highest grade at the pan-Hellenic university admission examinations (19.5/20)
Honorary Scholarship and Award by State Scholarships Foundation for achieving the highest insertion grade in the N.T.U.A. School Of Architecture (1st place in input ranking)
Award ‘Diomidis Komnhnos’ by National Technical University of Athens for achieving the highest insertion grade in the N.T.U.A. School Of Architecture (1st place in input ranking)
further education 2017
Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands “Managing Building Adaptation: A Sustainable Approach”, 7-week MOOC Modules included in course: Urban Development Management, Adaptive Reuse Management, Construction and Project Management, Sustainable Housing Management.
Educational Programme V-RAY for 3dsMAX and Rhino3D Autodesk Authorised Training and Certification Center E.E.S. LOULAKIS POLYCHRONIS & SYN
Educational Programme 3DS MAX 2014 ESSENTIALS Autodesk Authorised Training and Certification Center E.E.S. LOULAKIS POLYCHRONIS & SYN
Educational Programme AutoCAD 2014 2D Update Training Autodesk Authorised Training and Certification Center ‘ARXIS’ 4
C2 level CERTIFICATE OF PROFICIENCY IN ENGLISH (CPE) - University of Cambridge: Grade C (2009) CERTIFICATE OF PROFICIENCY IN ENGLISH (CPE) - University of Michigan: Grade Pass (2009)
B2 level CERTIFICAT PRATIQUE DE LANGUE FRANCAISE “COMPREHENSION ET EXPRESSION” B2 (2009)
IES VE Ecotect Analysis
Good Listener Team Player
Organisation Time Management
student competitions 2016
‘BUR (Berlin University Residences)’ student competition organised by ARCHmedium
‘Urban Sign’ Pan-Hellenic student architectural competition for designing a wooden structure organised by the Hellenic Institute of Architecture
other participations 2015
‘ECOWEEK Thessaloniki: Sustainability in public space’ International Conference & Sustainable Design Workshops. ‘Wooden Construction’
‘Night of the researcher’ Poster: ‘Environmental Study on a small laboratory’ organised by N.T.U.A.
Volunteer in Open House Athens 2015 5
KUKUSANYA HOUSE SELF-SUFFICIENT HOUSE AND NURSERY IN TANZANIA
Postgraduate project, UCL, Msc Environmental Design and Engineering Academic Year (2018-2019) Location: Mbeya, Tanzania Collaboration: Chougia V. - Park H. - Rugeles V. • Supervision: Altamirano H.
Subject of this project is the design of a self-sufficient house that also functions as a small nursery during day time in Mbeya. Climate responsive design, minimisation of embodied carbon and maximising daylight are included in the educational aims. This project is worked in multi-disciplinary teams with students from different backgrounds. My role included development of sustainability strategy, embodied carbon analysis, energy and indoor climate simulations and optimisations with IES. SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY 1. Spending time outdoors and gathering around fire sharing stories and knowledge are characteristic elements of Tanzanian life. Therefore, the building is shaped around a central yard, which acts as a core for family and nursery life. ‘Kukusanya’, the project title, is the swahili word for ‘gather’. 2. In order to provide natural cross ventilation to the living spaces,
the building complex ‘opens’ to SE, where winds come from around the year. 3. Shoebox modelling showed that when external surfaces are more than internal ones, maximum comfort is achieved. 4. The round shape maximises north and minimises south surfaces to achieve maximum comfort for this climate. The living area/nursery is given the optimal north orientation while bedrooms are facing north-west to be pre-heated for their nightime usage. 5. A multifunctional element is placed centrally in the yard, shaping a seating area for adults protected from SE winds, and a climbing-sliding game for kids. 6. Living area/nursery is extended towards the yard as the more social and public room of the building. 7. The south side of the building is protected from summer south sun through a circular shading element around the yard. This also creates a transition zone between indoors and outdoors. 8. The roofs are extended slightly from the vertical wall level in order to protect external walls made from rammed earth from rainwater. 9. Through IES simulations, the need of skylights to provide addiPRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION tional daylight and solar gains to the interior was established. These
KITCHEN DINING STAIRCASE AREA BEDROOMS
2.OPEN TO SE WINDS
3.EXTERNAL>INTERNAL 4.LAYOUTS SURFACES -MAXIMISE NORTH SURFACES
6.LIVING AREA EXTENSION
12.ANTI-MOSQUITO PLANTS+WASTE AREA
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGY
Maximise north facing surfaces
Solar panels - 2kWp
Yearly PV energy production: 3260 kWh
Rain water Skylights collection
Narrow floor plan for cross ventilation
Overhangs for solar control
Morning solar gains (Kitchen)
Afternoon solar gains (bedrooms)
Shading element for south facing windows
Underground water tank Anti-mosquito plants
Open for cross ventilation
Rammed earth for thermal mass
Minimise south facing surfaces
DIAGRAM WITH ARCHITECTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGIES
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
27<T<30 21<T<27 18<T<21
70<RH 60<RH<70 25<RH<60
living area/nursery 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
kids bedroom main bedroom
76.3 23.8 living area/nursery
5.8 dining area
1.2 0.1 kids bedroom main bedroom
% OF HOURS PER TEMPERATURE (TOP), RELATIVE HUMIDITY (MIDDLE) AND CO2 (BOTTOM) RANGE 10
were added in the dining room, living area/nursery, main bedroom (direct gain system) and staircase (indirect gain system). 10. Rainwater collection is realised through the inclined roofs and the circular shading element and an underground storage. 11. PV panels are placed horizontally as this is the optimal orientation for the local sun angles (sun altitude varies between 57ยบ North and 75ยบ South) 12. To minimise mosquito attraction, mosquito repellent plants (cintronella plant, lemongrass, mint, basil, lavender etc.) are placed on the leeward side of the building. For the same reason, temperatures and CO2 concentrations are kept low in bedrooms. MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTIONS The walls are made of rammed earth because it provides high thermal mass, it can be locally made on site with very low embodied carbon. Also it has good hygroscopicity providing passive humidity control when exposed or combined with other vapour permeable materials. The walls are based on a stone footing of 400 mm in order to be protected from ground raising moisture. This footing continues under the ground surface in a depth of 300-400 mm as foundation. Floor slabs are made out of concrete. Concrete has higher embodied carbon but its high thermal capacity provides the most comfortable indoor conditions. Concrete is a local material, as there is a cement factory in Mbeya town. The roofs are made out of CLT slab due to its lower embodied carbon. In order to maintain thermal mass a precast concrete panel is hung from the ceiling. OPTIMISATION PROCESS (ENERGY AND INDOOR CLIMATE) Through an optimisation process run in IES the % of hours in comfort zone (in terms of temperature, humidity, CO2) was extended significantly in all rooms. During design process, the main challenge was underheating rather than overheating, so the inital minimising of south surfaces and the circular shading element are proved to be effective solutions. Kitchen achieves the most comfortable conditions due to its higher internal gains which allow higher natural ventilation
rates which balances humidity and reduces CO2 concentration. Kids bedroom is the room with the least external surfaces, so it has the lower temperatures which were accepted in the mosquito context. EMBODIED CARBON ANALYSIS Embodied carbon was measured throughout the design process and was used as a design tool. The more substantial design decisions for minimising environmental footprint are: -Replacement of concrete wall base-foundation with stone -Replacement of reinforced concrete roofs with CLT slabs. In order for thermal mass to be preserved a pre-cast concrete panel was hung indoors -Introduction of steel with 39% of recycled content Other calculations performed at this stage are carbon from transportation and on site waste.
Embodied carbon (kgCO2/m2)
300.00 200.00 100.00 0.00
EMBODIED CARBON OPTIMISATION PROCESS 12
siliki Chougia - Veronica Rugeles
and Engineering - UCL Bartlett School of Energy, Environment and Resources
NATURALLY VENTILATED THEATRE NATURALLY VENTILATED THEATRE IN RUSSEL SQUARE
Postgraduate project, UCL, Msc Environmental Design and Engineering Academic Year (2018-2019) Location: London, UK Collaboration: Park M. - Tarand P. - Xiao Z. â€˘ Supervision: Parand F.
This project is also worked in multi-disciplinary teams and my role included development of sustainability strategy, energy and indoor climate simulations and optimisations with IES and presentation. The design focuses on a small theatre with reception and cafe that are ventilated naturally. The lot is at Russel square in London and is currently occupied by a small cafeteria. Aim of the design is to revive the park and connect it with the city using the new theatre function. SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE STRATEGY 1. Two inclined slopes which open the building towards the park and the city respectively, shaping a link between them. 2. Decision to preserve and retrofit the existing popular cafe. The theatre with its reception are placed behind it, in between of the
cafe and the city. A green slope welcomes the city vibe in the park while the theatre and its reception lie under it. The railings which currently separate the park from the city are removed and replaced by this green path. The box office is differentiated as it raises in height above the slope and looks towards the city following extended opening hours. A small plaza in front of the box office creates a transition zone between the busy road and the relaxing green slope. Multiple entrances to the complex provide accessibility and bring vibrance to the functions of the cafe, reception, box office and theatre. ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGY 1. The stable ground temperature at a depth of 5m can be leveraged for thermal stability and passive air conditioning. This strategy is implemented for the theatre (due to its increased internal gains), placing half of its external walls in direct contact with the ground.
THEATRERECEPTION EXTENSION PARK
RETROFITTED EXISTING CAFE
2 MAIN DESIGN CONCEPTS 16
2. In order to provide fresh air to the theatre and reception without adding solar gains, an underground ventilation system is designed. Inlets facing southwest (wind direction during 30-40% of summer time in London) insert air to earth ducts and lead it in the rooms after preheating / precooling it through heat exchange with the ground. The green roof also contributes to passive design as it provides important insulation and thermal mass around the year. Especially in the summer, the plants cool the roof structure and contribute to the relatively cooler microclimate of the park. The chimney design incorporates the chimney height within the height difference of the inclined roof so that stack effect is created while preserving a low building profile. Placing the inlets of each room to the floor level enhances the stack height. The outlets of the chimneys are facing north were the pressures should be frequently negative during summer. At the same time, their inclined roof is facing south in order to be heated by the sun and the stack effect to be activated.
1. BUILDING OPEN TO SW: SW WINDS FOR 30-40% OF SUUMER TIME
2. BUILDING ‘OPEN’ TO PARK: VENTILATION INLETS PLACED TOWARDS THE PARK
4. GREEN ROOF: PLANT TRANSPIRATION USED AS A PASSIVE COOLING METHOD - I PARK VIEWS
QUIET POLLUTION SOURCES 3. SLOPED ROOF: VENTILATION OUTLETS ON THE NORTH LEEWARD SIDE OF BUILDING
5. EARTH DUCTS: USE OF GROUND’S STABLE TEMPERATURE TO PREPARE SUPPLY AIR
6. INDIRECT OPENINGS TO OUTSIDE (FOR ROOMS WITH HIGH INTERNAL GAINS)
FROM SITE ANALYSIS TO STRATEGY 17
SECTION SCALE 1:150
WEST FACADE SCALE 1:150
ENVIRONMENTAL SECTIONS - THEATRE -SUMMER
ENVIRONMENTAL SECTIONS - THEATRE - WINTER
% of hours per temperature range annually Theatre 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%
22.6 22.2 28.9 22.4
% of hours per CO2 range annually Theatre 100%
30.9 30.6 30.8
50% 71.8 72.8
52.6 52.6 71.7
62.6 54.4 54.1
28.4 28.4 29.2
% of hours per temperature range during summertime - Theatre
% of hours per temperature range during summertime - Theatre 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%
% of hours per temperature range annually (top) and during summer (bottom)
13.9 15.9 29.9 30.3
65.7 56.2 53.8 59.8
% of hours per CO2 range annually (top) and during summer (bottom) 22
OPTIMISATION PROCESS (ENERGY AND INDOOR CLIMATE) Through an optimisation process simulated with IES, the % of hours in comfortable temperature ranges and in low CO2 concentrations were maximised. The areas of design which were optimised are shading, construction materials, glazing properties and size, window profiles and ventilation inlet size and position. Finally, all the interations were combined in the final model which was tested also for an extreme summer scenario (DSY). No heating/cooling was applied in the building, so on an annual basis the temperatures are considered rather low. The design focused on maximising summer comfort which is achieved for approximately 80% of occupied time. Overheating is kept 6%, while CO2 concentration exceeds the limit of 1000 ppm only for 2,2% of time.
STATE OPEN SCHOOL v2.0 SUSTAINABLE RETROFIT OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL AND KINDERGARDEN AT PIREAS
Diploma project, N.T.U.A. School of Architecture 6th Academic Year (2017-2018) Location: Pireas, Greece Supervision: Demiri K. - Riva L. Consultants: Karadimas K. - Theodora P. - Tsakanika E.
This diploma project aims to renegotiate the greek state school today. An existing primary school and kindergarden is studied and redesigned so that it can be open to the society and sustainable. So that it will become the new version of greek state school, the version v2.0. This school stays open during evenings and weekends offering free educational, leisure and sport activities for every age group. The school yard comes in the center of the lot and the schoolâ€™s life. The kindergarden is moved to an independent building with its own protected yard.
The design process was based on 4 choices: - Connection with city: The public entrance to the open school is realised through a green ramp which connects it with the square and the seafront. - Expansion of the school yard: The inclined kindergardenâ€™s roof expands the school yard and creates an outdoor ampitheatrical area. - Preservation of the existing building: It is transformed to the core of the open school. - Addition of classrooms: The classrooms are placed in a new building which can be isolated during evening/weekend activities. The classroom design encourages variety and flexibility of teaching methods.
E X PA N
S IO N
E C T IO
MODEL SCALE 1:100
MODEL 27 SCALE 1:500
DESIGNΣΤΑΔΙΟ IN 1STAGES
ΣΤΑΔΙΟ 3 ΣΤΑΔΙΟ 3
Ρ ΧΩ ΥΛΗ
Σ ΛΕ ΜΠ Π Λ
28 SOUTHEAST FACADE
ΟΥ ΤΙΚ ΜΟ ΔΗ ΙΚΟΥ Σ ΛΗΜΟΤ ΣΙΟ ΑΔΥΗ ΜΟ ΔΗ ΙΚΟΥ Τ ΜΟ ΔΗ ΙΚΟΥ ΛΗΜΟΤ ΙΟΣ Σ ΑΔΥΗ ΜΟ ΔΗ
TRANSFORMATION OF EXISTING SCHOOL BUILDING CORRIDOR OPEN CORRIDOR
EXISTING SCHOOL BUILDING
MULTIPLE USES ROOM
FLEXIBLE SPACES OF OPEN SCHOOL
CONNECTION ZONE WITH OTHER BUILDINGS AND SCHOOL YARD
STATIC REINFORCEMENT WITH METALLIC ELEMENTS
SOUTHEAST FACADE SCALE 1:100
MULTIPLE USES OPEN SPACE
LABS FOR ART, MUSIC AND EXPERIMENTS
CLASSROOM CONSISTING OF CONCENTRATION AND COLLABORATION PARTS
GAMES AND SPORTS FACILITIES
MODEL SCALE 1:100 31
BIOCLIMATIC SECTIONS TO THE CLASSROOMS
PERSPECTIVE SECTION T-T SCALE 1:100
BIOCLIMATIC SECTIONS TO THE CLASSROOMS
µονώσεις, τελική επικάλυψη πλάκα CLT πάχους 17 εκ. ξύλινη δοκός από επικολλητή ξυλεία 25 x 100 εκ.
ξύλινη δοκός από επικολλητή ξυλεία 15 x 47εκ. ξύλινη δοκός από επικολλητή ξυλεία 15 x 47εκ.
µεταλλικός τάκος 45 x 15 εκ. υποστύλωµα πό επικολλητή ξυλεία 2 x 20 x 40 εκ. πείρος d=16
µεταλλική γωνιά 163 x 30 εκ., πάχους 1εκ.
µεταλλική λάµα πάχους 22 χιλ. πείρος d=30 ξύλινη επικάλυψη πάχους 25 χιλ. µεταλλική κοιλοδοκός d=220χιλ.
πλάκα CLT πάχους 17 εκ. ξύλινη δοκός από επικολλητή ξυλεία 15 x 47εκ.
κούφωµα ηλιακο ράφι 28,5 x 5 εκ.
34 µεταλλική βάση 53 x 38 εκ.
AXONOMETRIC SECTION 1WOODEN STRUCTURE
εκτατικός τύπος φύτευσης (ποώδης φύτευση) στηθαίο κατακόρυφο πανέλο για συγκράτηση του χώµατος
ξύλινη δοκός 200 x 400 χιλ. χώµα 200 χιλ. αποστραγγιστική µεµβράνη (αυγουλιέρα) στεγανοποιητική µεµβράνη προστατευτική µεµβράνη θερµοµόνωση 70 χιλ. φράγµα υδρατµών πλάκα CLT 150 χιλ.
σοβάς λευκός 20 χιλ. θερµοµόνωση 50 χιλ. τοιχείο οπλισµένου σκυροδέµατος πάχους 300 χιλ.
AXONOMETRIC SECTION 2GREEN ROOF (INCLINED)
DETAIL 2 35
CIRCULARITY BY THE RIVER URBAN REGENERATION OF ELAIONAS INDUSTRIAL AREA
Undergraduate project, N.T.U.A. School of Architecture 5th Academic Year (2017-2018) Location: Elaionas, Athens, Greece Supervision: Marda N. - Koutrolikou P.
A former industrial area of Athens is redesigned to a vibrant neighbourhood with residence, mixed uses, leisure and education. The neighbourhood development is based on circular economy principles. The transformation is based to the local river regeneration. Underground canals collect the rainwater, purify it through plant-based procedures and lead it to the currently polluted and dried river in order to enhance its flow. Selected buildings of the area are reused to accommodate the common uses (commercial, services, life-long education and others). The positions of these buildings define and create a pedestrian street in betwen which connects all of them. A large public area-meeting point is created at the crossing of the pedestrian street and the river. The residence (general and student because of nearby university) is located north of the pedestrian street. A local recycling station and park and sport facilities are also included.
LEISURE BY THE RIVER
RECYCLING PARK MODEL SCALE 1:1000 38
AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITY (EXISTING)
NS COMMONS SPORTS MODEL SCALE 1:1000 39
WATER FOR PURIFICATION WATER TO RIVER
I N WAT
PURIFIED RAINWATER TO RIVER
E R TO
PUR IFIE D RAIN WAT ER TO RIVE R
REUSE OF SELECTED MATERIALS FOR NEW BUILDIN
MATERIAL COLLECTION FROM EXISTING BUILDINGS FOR
MATERIAL COLLECTION FROM EXISTING BUILDINGS FOR REUSE
PURIFIED WATER FOR AGRICULTURE PURIFIED RAINWATER FOR AGRICULTURE
SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTION AT THE HOUSING ROOFS
REUSE OF SELECTED BUILDINGS
â€˘ General Residences: This type of residence is open for everyone. Detached/semi detached houses and blocks of flats are included as well as a great variety of apartment types which respond to current household needs. Green spaces of several sizes are created between the buildings. Small commercial buildings are also placed around the housing area to create a vibrant atmosphere. â€˘ Student Residences: The nearby Agriculture Univeristy needs to be connected with the new neighbourhood. One of the connection methods is locating student residences by the river. They are organised in two blocks, each consisting of 4 connected building units and a yard. Private and shared types of accommodation are combined with various common spaces.
URBAN PLAN 441:500 SCALE
MODEL SCALE 471:500
TIMBER PAVILLION Undergraduate project, N.T.U.A. School of Architecture 3rd Academic Year (2015) Location: Argiroupoli, Attiki, Greece Collaboration: Skitsa Ch. - Christou F. â€˘ Supervision: Karadimas K.
Educational aim of this project is the fundamental understanding and detailed design of timber structures. This wooden construction is designed to accomodate the Environmental club of Ilioupoli Municipality in Athens. It consists of an exhibition room, a small kitchen and bathroom. These spaces are connected to the same vertical plane. Due to the steep lot, the structure is founded on a raised metal platform. The access to the platform is realised through 2 metal corridors. The structure has a temporary character, it doesnâ€™t alter the physical state of the lot and can possibly be removed and re-installed somewhere else at any time.
EAST FACADE ORIGINAL SCALE 1:50
SOUTH FACADE ORIGINAL SCALE 1:50 50
PLATFORM The wooden columns of the building end up in a metal hollow column in order to connect with the metal beams and to be founded in the ground. Τhe wooden beams are connected to the metal beams οf the platform and to the wooden upper part of the columns. The floor of the building is consisted of a hardboard layer, a waterproofing membrane, an insulating layer and a finishing of wooden planks, which are nailed to wooden smaller beams. WALLS The wooden frames are rigidified either by triangling or by septation. The walls’ filling is consisted of a wooden beam net and a layer of hardboards nailed on each side. A thermo-insulation layer is put between the hardboards. A water-proof membrane and a wooden plank layer finish this structure.
3D MODEL EXPLODED
AXONOMETRIC DETAIL OF PLATFORM ORIGINAL SCALE 1:10
AXONOMETRIC DETAIL - JOINT 1 ORIGINAL SCALE 1:5
AXONOMETRIC DETAIL - JOINT 2 ORIGINAL SCALE 1:5
SECTION A-A ORIGINAL SCALE 1:20
MATERIAL REUSE COLLAGES Internship, Lendager Group 2016-2017 Location: Copenhagen, Denmark
This is a series of collages which attempt to explore the promising potential of material re-use in building construction. The photographic material comes from the GrĂ¸nnetorvet (Copenhagen, Denmark) and Varvsstaden (MalmĂś, Sweden) regeneration projects.
POSTER, ‘WASTELAND’ EXHIBITION, 2017 56
COLLAGE, MATERIAL FROM GRØNNETORVET PROJECT, 2016
COLLAGE, MATERIAL FROM GRØNNETORVET PROJECT, 2016 57