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7.3 The Leader’s Virtue

Dr. Jutamas Vareesangthip


7.3.1The meaning and the important of the virtues • According to Buddhism, leadership means •

thinking of others and using power appropriately. “Misuse of power is the primary cause of suffering.” Having the right leadership attitude means using wisdom to take decisions that benefit humanity and create happiness.


7.3.1 The meaning and the important of the virtues • Buddhism teaches that leaders must

also act in the way they teach and treat others with respect and courtesy. Being respectful is not a sign of weakness rather it is a key to good leadership. People admire those who are strong, powerful and yet respectful to everyone.


7.3.1 The meaning and the important of the virtues

• “Power will be challenged by

those with less power if it is seen as illegitimate.” However, when power is exercised with mindfulness and compassion, it is admired and revered


7.3.2 The Doctrinal Principles for the administrators • Pàpaõikadhamma ปาปณิกงั คะ: qualities of a • • •

successful shopkeeper or businessman) 1. จักขุมา ตาดี (รู้จักสิ นค้ า ดูของเป็ น สามารถคำานวณราคา กะทุนเก็งกำาไร แม่ นยำา —Cakkhumà: shrewd) 2. วิธูโร จัดเจนธุรกิจ (รู้แหล่ งซื้อแหล่ งขาย รู้ ความเคลือ่ นไหวความต้ องการ ของตลาด สามารถในการจัดซื้ อจัดจำาหน่าย รู ้ใจและรู ้จกั เอาใจลูกค้า — Vidhåro: capable of administering business) 3. นิสสยสั มปันโน พร้ อมด้ วยแหล่ งทุนเป็ นทีอ่ าศัย (เป็ นทีเ่ ชื่อถือไว้ วางใจในหมู่ แหล่ งทุนใหญ่ ๆ หาเงินมาลงทุนหรื อดำาเนินกิจการโดยง่าย — Nissayasampanno: having a good credit rating)


7.3.2 The Doctrinal Principles for the administrators • Agati 4 : wrong course of behaviour; prejudice) • 1 Chandàgati: prejudice caused by love or desire; • partiality • 2 Dosàgati: prejudice caused by hatred or enmity • 3 Mohàgati: prejudice caused by delusion or stupidity • 4 Bhayàgati: prejudice caused by fear


7.3.2 The Doctrinal Principles for the administrators • Brahmavihàra: holy abidings; sublime

states of mind) • 1. Mettà: loving-kindness; friendliness; goodwill • 2. Karuõà: compassion • 3. Mudità: sympathetic joy; altruistic joy • 4.Upekkhà: equanimity; neutrality; poise)


7.3.2 The Doctrinal Principles for the administrators • Saïgahavatthu: bases of social solidarity; bases of • •

sympathy; acts of doing favours; principles of service; virtues making for group integration and leadership 1. Dàna: giving; generosity; charity

• 2. Piyavàcà: kindly speech; convincing speech • 3. Atthacariyà: useful conduct; rendering services; life of service; doing good • 4. Samànattatà: even and equal treatment; equality consisting in impartiality, participation and behaving oneself properly in all circumstances


7.3.2 The Doctrinal Principles for the administrators • Sappàya: beneficial or advantageous conditions; suitable • • • • • • •

or agreeable things; things favourable to mental development) 1. âvàsa-sappàya: suitable abode 2. Gocara~: suitable resort 3. Bhassa~: suitable speech 4. Puggala~: suitable person 5. Bhojana~: suitable food 6. Utu~: suitable climate 7. Iriyàpatha~: suitable posture


7.3.2 The Doctrinal Principles for the administrators Ràjadhamma:virtues or duties of the king; royal virtues; virtues of a ruler • 1. Dàna: charity; liberality; generosity) • 2. Sãla: high moral character) • 3. Pariccàga: self-sacrifice) • 4. âjjava: honesty; integrity) • 5. Maddava: kindness and gentleness)


7.3.2 The Doctrinal Principles for the administrators

• 6. Tapa: austerity; self-control; non-

indulgence • 7. Akkodha: non-anger; non-fury • 8. Avihimsà: non-violence; non-oppression • 9. Khanti: patience; forbearance; tolerance • 10. Avirodhana: nondeviation from righteousness; conformity to the law


7.3.3 The Administrators’ roles regarding Buddhist Ethics


Ràja-saïgahavatthu: a ruler’s bases of sympathy; royal acts of doing favours: virtues making for national integration • 1. Sassamedha: shrewdness in agricultural • • • •

promotion 2. Purisamedha: Shrewdness ความฉลาด in the promotion and encouragement of government officials 3. Sammàpàsa: “a bond to bind men’s hearts”; act of doing a favour consisting in vocational promotion as in commercial investment 4. Vàjapeya: affability in address; kindly and convincing speech


Sàraõãyadhamma: states of conciliation ประนีประนอม; virtues for fraternal living • 1.Mettàkàyakamma: to be amiable in deed, openly and

• • • • •

in private 2. Mettàvacãkamma: to be amiable in word, openly and in private 3. Mettàmanokamma: to be amiable in thought, openly and in private 4. Sàdhàraõabhogità: to share any lawful gains with virtuous fellows 5. Silasàmaññatà: to keep without blemish the rules of conduct along with one’s fellows, openly and in private 6. Diññhisàmaññatà: to be endowed with right views along with one’s fellows, openly and in private


Sàraõãyadhamma: states of conciliation; virtues for fraternal living

• making others to keep one in mind • endearing • bringing respect • conducing • to sympathy or solidarity • to non-quarrel • to concord; harmony— • to unity


Vajjã-aparihàniyadhamma: • things leading never to decline but only to • • • •

prosperity; conditions of welfare (อปริ หานิยธรรม 7 ของ กษัตริ ยว์ ชั ชี) 1. to hold regular and frequent meetings) 2. meet together in harmony, disperse in harmony, and do their business and duties in harmony) 3. to introduce no revolutionary ordinance, or break up no established ordinance, but abide by the original or fundamental Vajjian norm and principles


Vajjã-aparihàniyadhamma:

• 4. to honour and respect the

elders among the Vajjians and deem them worthy of listening to • 5. the women girls of the families are to dwell without being forced or abducted


Vajjã-aparihàniyadhamma: • 6. to honour and worship the Vajjian

shrines, monuments and objects of worship, both central and provincial, and do not neglect those righteous ceremonies held before for them) 7. to provide the rightful protection, shelter and support for the Arahants and wish that the Arahants who have not come may enter the realm and those who have entered may dwell pleasantly therein


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • The League of Professional System

Administrators (LOPSA) • Professionalism • I will maintain professional conduct in the workplace, and will not allow personal feelings or beliefs to cause me to treat people unfairly or unprofessionally.


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • Personal Integrity • I will be honest in my professional dealings, and

forthcoming about my competence and the impact of my mistakes. I will seek assistance from others when required. I will avoid conflicts of interest and biases whenever possible. When my advice is sought, if I have a conflict of interest or bias, I will declare it if appropriate, and rescuse myself if necessary.


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • Privacy • I will access private information on

computer systems only when it is necessary in the course of my technical duties. I will maintain and protect the confidentiality of any information to which I may have access regardless of the method by which I came into knowledge of it.


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • Laws and Policies • I will educate myself and others on

relevant laws, regulations and policies regarding the performance of my duties.


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • Communication • I will communicate with management,

users and colleagues about computer matters of mutual interest. I will strive to listen to and understand the needs of all parties.


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • System Integrity • I will strive to ensure the necessary

integrity, reliability, and availability of the systems for which I am responsible. • I will design and maintain each system in a manner to support the purpose of the system to the organization


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • Education • I will continue to update and enhance my technical knowledge and other workrelated skills. I will share my knowledge and experience with others.


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • Responsibility to Computing

Community • I will cooperate with the larger computing community to maintain the integrity of network and computing resources.


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • Social Responsibility • As an informed professional, I will

encourage the writing and adoption of relevant policies and laws consistent with these ethical principles


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics • Ethical Responsibility • I will strive to build and maintain a safe, healthy, and productive •

• •

workplace. I will do my best to make decisions consistent with the safety, privacy, and well-being of my community and the public, and to disclose promptly factors that might pose unexamined risks or dangers. I will accept and offer honest criticism of technical work as appropriate and will credit properly the contributions of others. I will lead by example, maintaining a high ethical standard and degree of professionalism in the performance of all my duties. I will support colleagues and co-workers in following this code of ethics.


7.3.5 The Administration according to the Principle of the doctrinal protection and the company protection


7.3.4 The Administrators’ Ethics Role modeling “ข้ าพเจ้ าจะไม่ บอกให้ คนอืน่ ทำาในสิ่ ง ทีข่ ้ าพเจ้ าทำาไม่ ได้ ” Inspirational motivation การสร้ างแรงดลใจ ของผู้นำา เช่ น “ผมมองเห็นผลดีจากความสำ าเร็จของโครงการนี้ ว่าจะเอือ้ ประโยชน์ แก่พวกเราทุกคน เรามีความสุ ขและภูมิใจที่ ได้ ทราบว่ า ธุรกิจของเรามีผลประกอบการดีเยีย่ มและเรา สามารถก้ าวมายืนแถวหน้ าของบรรดาบริษัททั้งหลายทีม่ ีธุรกิจ ประเภทเดียวกับเรา”


7.3.5 The Administration according to the Principle of the doctrinal protection and the company protection

• 1 Individualized consideration Operational Capacity - Skill

– Organizational Capacity – Human Skill – Sensitivity to Power Situation – Communication Skill – Entrepreneurial(for one's own purposes) Skill wit, quick decision , challenger


7.3.5 The Administration according to the Principle of the doctrinal protection and the company protection 2 Intellectual Attributes - Knowledge -

Analytic Faculty - Philosophy of Science, Logic, Art – Grasp of the Situation as a whole conceptualization – Knowledge about Human Behaviors & Relations - human skill


7.3.5 The Administration according to the Principle of the doctrinal protection and the company protection 3 Orientational Attributes - Values & Attitudes – – – – – –

Future Outlook Innovative Mind Positive View of Human Nature Entrepreneural Will Power Motive Visionary leadership


7.3.5 The Administration according to the Principle of the doctrinal protection and the company protection 4 Ethical Qualities - Philosophy & Standards – Normative Conviction - มาตรฐาน เกียรติ – Philosophy of life – Sense of Public Responsibility – Ethical Standards


Thank you


7.3The Leader’s Virtue  
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