Page 1



   Pรกgina0de395




*2%,(512$87Ï1202'(6&(175$/,=$'2081,&,3$/ '(/&$17Ï152&$)8(57( 



6U'LPDV3DFtILFR=DPEUDQR9DFD 

$/&$/'( 

,QJ<HVVHQLD0DUtD9HUD*DUFtD

9,&($/&$/'(6$

6UD<RVVHOLQ*XDGDOXSH9pOH]5RPHUR

&21&(-$/$

'UD6RQLD$UDFHOO\9HOD]FR&DVWLOOR

&21&(-$/$

6U5LFKDUG-RVp6iQFKH]=DPEUDQR

&21&(-$/

6U-RVp/HQLQ&RYHxD=DPEUDQR

&21&(-$/



&216(-2&$1721$/'(3/$1,),&$&,21 35(6,'(17(

6U'LPDV3DFLILFR=DPEUDQR9DFD

'(/(*$'2&21&(-2081,&,3$/

,QJ<HVVHQLD0DUtD9HUD*DUFtD

6(59,'255(63216$%/('(/$5($'( 3/$1,),&$&,21'(/*$'

,QJ)UHVLD0DUtD0XxR]0RUHLUD ,QJ'XEHU0HQGR]D&HYDOORV

)81&,21$5,26'(/*$''(6,*1$'26325(/ $/&$/'(

,QJ-RVp*ULVPDOGR&UX]DWW\&UX]DWW\ %OJR/XLV2WRQLHO/ySH]=DPEUDQR 6U1HYHU5RPHR$OEiQ3DODFLRV 'HOHJDGR 3ULQFLSDO=RQD8UEDQD  6UD&DUPHQ5RGUtJXH]6DFRWR 'HOHJDGD 6XSOHQWH=RQD8UEDQD  6U&DUPHOR0XxR]9HUD 'HOHJDGR3ULQFLSDO =RQD%DMD 

 '(/(*$'26325,167$1&,$6'( 3$57,&,3$&,21&,8'$'$1$

3URI'pERUD9DOHQFLD0HGUDQGD 'HOHJDGD 6XSOHQWH=RQD%DMD  6U*HRYDQQ\$FRVWD 'HOHJDGR3ULQFLSDO=RQD $OWD  3URI,VDEHO=DPEUDQR/OHUHQD 'HOHJDGD 6XSOHQWH=RQD$OWD 

  Página1de395






 (48,327(&1,&2'((/$%25$&,21'(/3'\27 

 &225',1$'25$5(63216$%/(,1*)5(6,$0$5,$08f2=025(,5$

 1ยž 

&20321(17( %,2),6,&2

5(63216$%/( ,QJ)UHVLD0DUtD0XxR] 0RUHLUD

7(&1,&26'($32<2 ,QJ(XJHQLR=DPEUDQR9HUD ,QJ3DWULFLD&HGHxR$OFtYDU



62&,2&8/785$/ /LF*HQH'DYLG&HGHxR 'HOJDGR

/LF)DQQ\0ROLQD*DUFtD



(&2120,&2

%LROJ/XLV2WRQLHO/ySH] =DPEUDQR

,QJ3DXO9LOODPDUtQ0DFtDV ,QJ&LQWKLD3DODFLRV0RUHLUD



$6(17$0,(1726 +80$126

,QJ.DWKHULQH0DULVRO =DPEUDQR$UWHDJD

,QJ0LJXHOรˆQJHO5LYDGHQHLUD



029,/,'$' (1(5*รŽ$< &21(&7,9,'$'

,QJ&ULVWLQD&HGHxR &HGHxR

,QJ-RVp5RGUtJXH]&HGHxR

32/,7,&2 ,167,78&,21$/< 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$

$E&DUOLQD$X[LOLDGRUD 0DFtDV5XL]

,QJ0DUtD)HUQDQGD*DUFtD 0XxR]



,QJ5HLQDOGR4XLUR]*LOFHV

,QJ$OH[LD9pOH]/XFDV



 9 6U6QHLGHU'XUDQ8JDOGH 9 ,QJ-DQLQD%RUMD9HOR]

(48,327(&1,&2'($32<2

  Pรกgina2de395




  Pรกgina3de395


 '$726*(1(5$/(6  

&$172152&$)8(57(

(O FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HVWi VLWXDGR HQ OD SDUWH RFFLGHQWDO GHO WHUULWRULR HFXDWRULDQR XELFDGR HQ OD ]RQD FHQWUR QRUWH GH OD 3URYLQFLD GH 0DQDEt HQ OD 0LFUR 5HJLyQ &HQWUDO R 0HWURSROLWDQD =RQD  VHJ~Q OD SODQLILFDFLyQ QDFLRQDO \ IRUPD SDUWH MXQWR FRQ HO FDQWyQ 7RVDJXD HO 'LVWULWR ' VLWXiQGRVH VX FDEHFHUD FDQWRQDO D  NP GH OD &LXGDG GH 4XLWR D  NP GH OD &LXGDG GH 3RUWRYLHMR FDSLWDO SURYLQFLDO \ D  .P GHO DHURSXHUWR \ SXHUWR PDUtWLPR LQWHUQDFLRQDO GHO &DQWyQ 0DQWD OR TXH OR FRQYLHUWH HQ XQ FHQWUR GH FRQYHUJHQFLDKDFLDORVEDOQHDULRV&UXFLWD6DQ-DFLQWR\6DQ&OHPHQWH $EDUFDXQEHOOR\H[WHQVRYDOOHTXHIXHDVHQWDPLHQWRGHODFXOWXUD3LFKRWDWULEXTXHVHJ~Q ODKLVWRULDDUULEySRUHOUtR&KRWDVLVWHPDIOXYLDOGHODKR\DGH,EDUUD3RUVXSRWHQFLDOHQOD SURGXFFLyQGHDUUR]\PDt]VHORFRQRFHFRPRHOJUDQHURGH0DQDEt (VXQWHUULWRULRSUyVSHURGRQGHVHUHDOL]DODHODERUDFLyQGHORVPHMRUHVGXOFHVDUWHVDQDOHV TXHWLHQHODSURYLQFLDGH0DQDEtGRQGHVHSUHSDUDQPiVGHYDULHGDGHV/DIDPDGHORV GXOFHVHVOHJHQGDULD\VXVDERULQFRQIXQGLEOHORVDOIDMRUHVERFDGLOORVKLJRUHOOHQRGXOFHGH JXLQHR FDPRWH SLxD OLPyQ UHOOHQR OXVWUDGR URPSRSH \ RWUDV GHOLFLDV KDQ WUDVSDVDGR ODV IURQWHUDV GHO SDtV 2WUD GH ODV IXHQWHV GH WUDEDMR TXH DQFHVWUDOPHQWH FRQWULEX\H D OD HFRQRPtD GHO FDQWyQ HV OD IDEULFDFLyQ GH VLOODV GH WLMHUD SHUH]RVDV  OD HODERUDFLyQ GH REMHWRV GHFRUDWLYRV HQ WDJXD ROODV GH EDUUR \ RWUDV DUWHVDQtDV TXH VRQ SDUWH GHO DSDUDWR SURGXFWLYR/DVFHOHEUDFLRQHVPiVLPSRUWDQWHVVRQODVILHVWDVSDWURQDOHVHQKRPHQDMHDOD YLUJHQGH(O&DUPHQHOGH-XOLRODVIHVWLYLGDGHVHVGH6DQ3HGUR\6DQ3DEORHOGH -XQLR\ODVILHVWDVGHFDQWRQL]DFLyQFHOHEUDGDVHOGH6HSWLHPEUH  (O DFFHVR FDQWyQ HV YHKLFXODU SRU YtDV GH SULPHU \ VHJXQGR RUGHQ  TXH OR FRQHFWDQ GLUHFWDPHQWHFRQODVFLXGDGHVGH3RUWRYLHMR&KRQH0DQWD\FRQHOUHVWRGHOSDtV  

)(&+$'(&5($&,21

(O &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH IXH SDUURTXLD GH 3RUWRYLHMR KDVWD HO  GH 6HSWLHPEUH GH  TXH IXHHOHYDGRDODFDWHJRUtDGHFDQWyQFRQHOQRPEUHGH5RFDIXHUWHVHJ~QGHFUHWROHJLVODWLYR VXVFULWR HQ *XD\DTXLO FXDQGR HUD SUHVLGHQWH GH OD $VDPEOHD 3HGUR 0RQFD\R \ MHIH VXSUHPR-RVp0DUtD8UELQD(VWHJUDQSDVRHQODKLVWRULDVHGLRSRULQLFLDWLYDGH3HGUR-RVp =DPEUDQR    Pรกgina4de395


  (O QXHYR FDQWyQ VH FRQVWLWX\y SRU ODV SDUURTXLDV 3LFKRWD 7RVDJXD \ &KRQH /DKLVWRULDUHFRQRFHFRPRSULQFLSDOJHVWRUGHODFDQWRQL]DFLyQD3HGUR-RVp=DPEUDQRHQ HVDpSRFDHUDHO*REHUQDGRUGHODSURYLQFLDGH0DQDEt(QHOSUR\HFWRWDPELpQSDUWLFLSDURQ -XOLiQ /RRU \ 9HOiVTXH] 9LFHQWH $UD\ -XOLiQ $OFtYDU $JXVWtQ =DPEUDQR 9HOiVTXH] \ )UDQFLVFR=DPEUDQR9HOiVTXH]  

32%/$&,21

6HJ~Q HO FHQVR GHO ,1(& HQ HO DxR  HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH WHQtD  KDELWDQWHV FDQWLGDGTXHUHSUHVHQWDEDHOGHODSREODFLyQHFXDWRULDQD\HOGHOWRWDOGHOD SURYLQFLD GH 0DQDEt FRQ XQD WDVD GH FUHFLPLHQWR GH  \ XQD GHQVLGDG SREODFLRQDO GH KDE+D 'HDFXHUGRDHVWRVGDWRVODSUR\HFFLyQGHODSREODFLyQGHOFDQWyQDODxRHVGH KDELWDQWHV OR TXH UHSUHVHQWD HO  GH OD SREODFLyQ GHO SDtV HO  GH OD =RQD  0DQDEt6DQWR'RPLQJRGHORV7VDFKLODV HOGHOD3URYLQFLDGH0DQDEt\HOGHO 'LVWULWR' 5RFDIXHUWH7RVDJXD  (OGHVXVKDELWDQWHVUHVLGHHQHOiUHDXUEDQDPLHQWUDVHOHQHOiUHDUXUDO OR TXH GHWHUPLQD TXH VX PD\RU SREODFLyQ HVWi XELFDGD HQ HO iUHD UXUDO GLVWULEXLGD HQ  FRPXQLGDGHV DVSHFWR TXH KD FRQOOHYDGR D UHFRQRFHUOR D WUDYpV GH OD KLVWRULD FRPR YDOOH DJUtFROD \ JDQDGHUR (O EDODQFH SREODFLRQDO SRU VH[R FRUUHVSRQGH D  KRPEUHV \ PXMHUHV



(;7(16,ร1

5RFDIXHUWHDEDUFD.PDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHTXHVHH[WLHQGHQVREUHXQWHUUHQRSODQR SRFR DFFLGHQWDGR FRQ HOHYDFLRQHV TXH RVFLODQ HQWUH ORV  \  PVQP  QR WLHQH 3DUURTXLDV5XUDOHVFXHQWDFRQODFDEHFHUDFDQWRQDOTXHVHODGHQRPLQD]RQDXUEDQD\HQ OD]RQDUXUDOVHHQFXHQWUDQGLVWULEXLGDVODVFRPXQLGDGHVUHSDUWLGDVHQ]RQDV]RQDDOWD \]RQDEDMD   

  Pรกgina5de395


 

8%,&$&,Ï1*(2*5$),&$</,0,7(6

$VWURQyPLFDPHQWH5RFDIXHUWHVHVLW~DVREUHODVFRRUGHQDGDVž¶¶¶ODWLWXG6XU\ž¶ ¶¶ORQJLWXG2HVWH/LPLWDDOQRUWHFRQORVFDQWRQHV6XFUH\3RUWRYLHMRDOVXUFRQHOFDQWyQ 3RUWRYLHMRDOHVWHFRQORVFDQWRQHVGH7RVDJXD\-XQtQ\DORHVWHFRQHOFDQWyQ3RUWRYLHMR

 

5$1*2$/7,78',1$/

7LHQH VX PD\RU DOWLWXG D ORV  PVQP &HUUR 7HEDOGD OtPLWHV GH -XQtQ 3RUWRYLHMR \ 5RFDIXHUWH  XELFDGD HQ OD ]RQD DOWD \ OD PHQRU DOWLWXG GH  PVQP HQ OD FRPXQLGDG (O 3XHEOLWR XELFDGD HQ OD ]RQD EDMD $XQTXH HQ WRGR HO WHUULWRULR H[LVWHQ HOHYDFLRQHV TXH RVFLODQ HQWUH ORV  \  PVQP XELFDGDV HQ 6DQ 0LJXHO GH UHV &KDUFRV 'DQ]DUtQ (O 0R\X\R+RUQRGH3DQ&HUUR9HUGH(O&HUURHQWUHRWUDV 

  Página6de395






+,726+,67ร5,&26 3(5,2'2

'(6&5,3&,ร1'(/+,72

7H[WRGHOGHFUHWRTXHFUHRHOFDQWyQPDUFyHOLQLFLRGHODQXHYDHUD GH VHSWLHPEUHGH SROtWLFDGHOFDQWyQJUDFLDVDTXHHOJREHUQDGRUGHDTXHOWLHPSRHUD 5RFDIRUWHQVH 

$xRGH

6HLQGHSHQGL]DHO&DQWyQ6XFUHGLVPLQXFLyQGHOWHUULWRULRGHOFDQWyQ GHVGHXQDH[WHQVLyQGHDSUR[LPDGDPHQWH.PTXHSRVHtD RULJLQDOPHQWHKDVWD.POLPLWDQGRODSURGXFWLYLGDG\GHVDUUROORGHO FDQWyQHQWRGRVVXVDVSHFWRV

GH GLFLHPEUHGH 

3ULPHULQFHQGLRTXHDVRORD5RFDIXHUWHORVPDWHULDOHVGHFRQVWUXFFLyQ GHODVYLYLHQGDVGHIiFLOFRPEXVWLyQJHQHUyODSHUGLGDGHODPLWDGGHOD FLXGDGWUDJHGLDTXHORJUyXQLUDWRGDODSREODFLyQHQXQSURFHVRTXHKL]R UHQDFHUDODFLXGDGGHODVFHQL]DV

GHMXOLRGH 

&UHDFLyQGHO&DQWyQ&KRQHVHHOHYDD&DQWyQ&KRQH\VX3DUURTXLD &DQXWRVHSDUiQGRVHGH5RFDIXHUWHGLVPLQX\HQGRXQDJUDQH[WHQVLyQGH WHUULWRULR

GHMXOLRGH 

&UHDFLyQGHO&DQWyQ%ROtYDUODVHSDUDFLyQ\FDQWRQL]DFLyQGH&DOFHWD TXHWRPDHOQRPEUHGH%ROtYDUHOGHGLFLHPEUHGHOPLVPRDxR

GHPDU]R GH

)XQGDFLyQGHODHVFXHOD6DQ)UDQFLVFRGH6DOHVPHMRUDUOD IRUPDFLyQGHODPXMHUPDQDELWD\SRUFRQVLJXLHQWHVXLQVHUFLyQHQ HVSDFLRVPiVSURGXFWLYRVGHODVRFLHGDG

GHRFWXEUH GH

6HGDLQLFLRDODREUDVDOHVLDQDHQ5RFDIXHUWHVHUHDOL]DURQREUDVGH JUDQWUDVFHQGHQFLDSDUDHOFDQWyQFRPRHORUDWRULRIHVWLYRREUDV FRPSOHPHQWDULDVHQHOWHPSOR1XHVWUD6HxRUDGHO&DUPHQODFDWHTXHVLV ODIRUPDFLyQGHJUXSRVFDWyOLFRV

GHIHEUHUR GH

&UHDFLyQGHODVRFLHGDGGHREUHURVSDUDKDFHUYDOHUVXVGHUHFKRV\ UHLYLQGLFDFLRQHVFRQMXQWDPHQWHFRQODFODVHREUHUDGH6DQWD$QD

GHIHEUHUR GH

&UHDFLyQGHO&HQWUR$JUtFRODGH5RFDIXHUWHPHMRUDUODDJULFXOWXUDVX GHIHQVD\WRGRVORVUDPRVFRQYLUWLHQGRD5RFDIXHUWHHQXQ FDQWyQHPLQHQWHPHQWHDJUtFROD

GHPD\RGH 

6HDEUHODVHFFLyQQRFWXUQDGHOD(VFXHOD6DQ-XDQ%RVFRSHUPLWLUOD HGXFDFLyQGHPXFKRVQLxRVTXHHQODPDxDQDVHGHGLFDEDQDODVODERUHV DJUtFRODV

GHRFWXEUH GH

6HJXQGRLQFHQGLRTXHDVROyD5RFDIXHUWHHOGHVDUUROORXUEDQtVWLFRGH ODFLXGDGVXWUDPDYLDO\RUJDQL]DFLyQSHUPLWLyDOFXHUSRGHERPEHURV FRQWURODUHOLQFHQGLRDSHVDUGHODYHWXVWH]GHODVYLYLHQGDVVLHQGRGH HOODVODVGHVWUXLGDV

  Pรกgina7de395


 GHHQHUR GH

&UHDFLyQGHO6LQGLFDWRGH&KRIHUHV3URIHVLRQDOHVGH5RFDIXHUWH PHMRUDUODFODVHGHOYRODQWHKDFLpQGRORVPiVFRPSHWLWLYRVORJUDQGR LQVWDQFLDHQHOTXHSXHGHQKDFHUYDOHUVXVGHUHFKRV

$xRGH

6HFUHDOD-XQWD3UR0HMRUDVGH5RFDIXHUWHSURSLFLDUODDWHQFLyQGHORV JRELHUQRVQDFLRQDOHV\VHFFLRQDOHVHQREUDVGHWUDVFHQGHQWDO LPSRUWDQFLD

GHMXOLRGH 

&UHDFLyQPHGLDQWHGHFUHWRHMHFXWLYR1ยƒHO&ROHJLR1DFLRQDO 5RFDIXHUWHXQDYH]FUHDGRHOPLVPRTXHDQH[DDO&ROHJLR3DUWLFXODU 1RFWXUQR.HQQHG\\TXHFRQMXQWDPHQWHFRQWULEX\HDODIRUPDFLyQGHOD MXYHQWXG5RFDIRUWHQVHDXQQLYHODFRUGHDODVH[LJHQFLDV\SURJUHVR FRWLGLDQRGHOFDQWyQSURYLQFLD\HOSDtV

GHMXOLRGH 

6HFUHDOD)XQGDFLyQ&XOWXUDO6FRUSLRFRPLHQ]DHOWUDEDMRGH21*ยถ6 WRPDQGRXQDLQLFLDWLYDHQSURGHOGHVDUUROORGHOFDQWyQSURPRYLHQGROD FXOWXUD\HOUHVFDWHGHYDORUHVHOSURJUHVR\MXVWLFLDSDUD5RFDIXHUWH

GHMXOLRGH 

&UHDFLyQGHOD$VRFLDFLyQ*HQHUDOGH$UWHVDQRVPHMRUDUHOQLYHOGH FDSDFLWDFLyQGHORVDUWHVDQRVWHQLHQGRFRPRSURGXFWRHOGHVFXEULPLHQWR GHWDOHQWRVHQHVWDUDPD

$xRGH

&RQVWUXFFLyQGHOFDUUHWHUR\HO3XHQWHHO&HLEDOFRQVWUXFFLyQGHXQ QXHYRSXHQWHHQHOVLWLRHO&HLEDOFRQXQDOX]PiVDPSOLD\XQDDOWXUD PD\RUSDUDHYLWDUODHVWUDQJXODFLyQGHOUtR\ODDFXPXODFLyQGHSDOL]DGDV TXHREVWUX\DQHOQRUPDOSDVRGHODVDJXDV\UHDOL]DUHOGHVD]ROYHGHO5tR 3RUWRYLHMR

$xRVGH \

$IHFWDFLyQGHOWHUULWRULRFDQWRQDOSRUHOIHQyPHQR(O1LxR HYLGHQFLRODLQHVWDELOLGDGGHODVFRQVWUXFFLRQHVGHELGRDODH[LVWHQFLDGH DUFLOODH[SDQVLYDTXHHVSURSLDGHORVVXHORVDJUtFRODVDVtPLVPRHO GHVERUGHGHO5tR3RUWRYLHMRSURYRFDQGRLQXQGDFLRQHVTXHDUUDVDURQFRQ WRGRORTXHHQFRQWUDEDQDVXSDVRVHGHVWUX\yXQWUDPRGHODYtDGHO &HLEDO5RFDIXHUWH\WDPELpQRWURWUDPRYLDOGHVGH/DV0DUDYLOODVKDVWD(O *XDUDQJRWDPELpQKXERGHVOL]DPLHQWRVTXHKDVWDKR\FRQWLQ~DQHQ2MR GH$JXD5HVEDOyQ\6DQ(OR\

GHHQHUR GH

6HHOHYDD&DQWyQ7RVDJXDFRQVXVSDUURTXLDV7RVDJXD%DFKLOOHUR\ /D(VWDQFLOODGLVPLQX\HQGRHOWHUULWRULRFDQWRQDOKDVWDORTXHHVKR\ 5RFDIXHUWH

$xRGH

3DURFDQWRQDOGH5RFDIXHUWHHQSURGHREUDVSULRULWDULDVSDUDHO FDQWyQVHFRQVLJXHQREUDVSULRULWDULDVSDUDHOFDQWyQGHELHQHVWDUVRFLDO FRPRXQDDPEXODQFLD\HOUHWpQSROLFLDO

$xRGH

3DURFDQWRQDOGH5RFDIXHUWHHQSURGHVROXFLRQDUHOSUREOHPDGH DJXDSRWDEOHFRQVWUXFFLyQGHODSODQWDGHDJXD(O&HLEDOFRPR VROXFLyQSULPRUGLDOSDUDODREWHQFLyQGHDJXDSRWDEOHTXHDFWXDOPHQWH SHUWHQHFHDODHPSUHVDGHDJXDGH0DQWD

  Pรกgina8de395


 GHRFWXEUH GH

&UHDFLyQGHO&OXEGH/HRQHVGH5RFDIXHUWHD\XGDDOSUyMLPRFRQVRODU DODWULEXODGRIRUWDOHFHUDOGpELO\VRFRUUHUDOPHQHVWHURVRGHHVWD MXULVGLFFLyQFDQWRQDO

GH2FWXEUH GHO

&UHDFLyQGH$',652&$/D$VRFLDFLyQGH3HUVRQDVFRQ'LVFDSDFLGDG GHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHDVRFLDDWRGDVODVSHUVRQDVTXHSDGHFHQDOJ~Q WLSRGHGLVFDSDFLGDG\ODVD\XGDVDTXHVHUHVSHWHQVXVGHUHFKRV

 

0$3$%$6('(/&$172152&$)8(57(

 

  Pรกgina9de395


  




 ',$*1267,&2325&20321(17(6 

(ODQiOLVLVGHO3'27VHUHDOL]DUDPHGLDQWHVHLVFRPSRQHQWHVTXHVRQ  &RPSRQHQWH%LRItVLFR  &RPSRQHQWH6RFLDO&XOWXUDO  &RPSRQHQWH(FRQyPLFR  &RPSRQHQWHGH$VHQWDPLHQWRV+XPDQRV  &RPSRQHQWHGH0RYLOLGDG(QHUJtD\&RQHFWLYLGDG  &RPSRQHQWH3ROtWLFR,QVWLWXFLRQDO\3DUWLFLSDFLyQ&LXGDGDQD



 ',$*1267,&2%,2),6,&2 (VWH FRPSRQHQWH HVWi IRUPDGR SRU HO UHFXUVR QDWXUDO VREUH HO FXDO VH DVLHQWD OD SREODFLyQ\GRQGHUHDOL]DVXVDFWLYLGDGHVHQWUHORVWHPDVTXHDQDOL]DUHPRVHQHVWH FRPSRQHQWHWHQHPRV x 5HOLHYH x *HRORJtD x 6XHORV x 8VR\&REHUWXUDGHO6XHOR x &OLPD x 5HFXUVRVQR5HQRYDEOHV x 5HFXUVRV1DWXUDOHV'HJUDGDGRV x ,PSDFWRV\1LYHOHVGH&RQWDPLQDFLyQHQHOHQWRUQRDPELHQWDO x (FRVLVWHPDV)UiJLOHV\3ULRULGDGHVGH&RQVHUYDFLyQ x 3URSRUFLyQ\6XSHUILFLHGH7HUULWRULR&RQWLQHQWDO%DMR&RQVHUYDFLyQR0DQHMR $PELHQWDO x (FRVLVWHPDV3DUD6HUYLFLRV$PELHQWDOHV x $JXD x $LUH x $PHQD]DVR3HOLJURV   5(/,(9( (OUHOLHYHGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHVUHJXODUPHQWHSODQRSUHVHQWDHOHYDFLRQHVTXHHQ SURPHGLRRVFLODQHQWUHORV\PVQPDXQTXHH[LVWHQDOJXQDHOHYDFLRQHVFRPR    Pรกgina11de395


 ODGHO&HUUR7HEDOGD OtPLWHVGH-XQtQ3RUWRYLHMR\5RFDIXHUWH FX\DHOHYDFLyQHVGH PVQP\HQODSDUWHDOWDGH'DQ]DUtQPVQPDOVXUHVWHVHOHYDQWDQSHTXHxDV PRQWDxDV FRPR 2MR GH $JXD 'DQ]DUtQ 6DQ 0LJXHO GH 7UHV &KDUFRV DO QRUWH (O 0RWHWH&HUUR9HUGHDO1RURHVWH6DQ-DFLQWR\(O&HUHFLWR\DO2HVWH6DQ-RVpGHODV 3HxDVHQWUHRWUDV (OFRUUHGRUGHOUtR3RUWRYLHMRGHVFULEHXQYDOOHTXHFXEUHJUDQSDUWHGHOFDQWyQUD]yQ SRU OD FXDO VH SUHVHQWDQ JUDQGHV H[WHQVLRQHV GH WHUUHQRV SODQRV \ SURGXFWLYRV TXH VRQDSURYHFKDGRVSDUDODDJULFXOWXUD\ODJDQDGHUtD 

81,'$'(6$0%,(17$/(6

(Q HO FDQWyQ VH KDQ  GHILQLGR GRV 8QLGDGHV $PELHQWDOHV WRPDQGR HQ FXHQWD VX JpQHVLVORV IDFWRUHV PRUIROyJLFRVPRUIRPpWULFRV \ OD OLWRORJtD DVt FRPR ORV IDFWRUHV H[WHUQRVPRGHODGRUHVFRPRHOFOLPD\YHJHWDFLyQHVWDVXQLGDGHVVRQ x5HOLHYHV(VWUXFWXUDOHV\&ROLQDGRV7HUFLDULRV GHOiUHDGHOFDQWyQ  x0HGLR$OXYLDO    D 

5HOLHYHV(VWUXFWXUDOHV\&ROLQDGRV7HUFLDULRV /RVUHOLHYHVGHHVWDXQLGDGDPELHQWDOHVWiQORFDOL]DGRVDORODUJRGHWRGRHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWHGHQWURGHODFXHQFDGH0DQDEtDVRFLDGRVDOXWLWDVFRORUFDIpFKRFRODWH FRQ SUHVHQFLD GH YHWLOODV GH \HVR GHO 0LHPEUR 'RV ERFDV HQ GLUHFFLyQ 1RUWH 1RUHVWH (VWH \ 6XURHVWH GHO FDQWyQ WDPELpQ DIORUDPLHQWRV GH OXWLWDV ODPLQDGDV GLDWRPiFHDVJULVHVDEODQFDVGHO0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWDHQORVVHFWRUHV6XU6XUHVWH\ 1RURHVWHGHOFDQWyQ

 6XVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVVRQ x (FRORJtD 0DWRUUDO VHFR GH WLHUUDV EDMDV GH OD FRVWD %RVTXH GHFLGXR GH WLHUUDV EDMDVGHODFRVWD0DWRUUDODUtGLFR x)RUPDV GHO UHOLHYH 5HOLHYHV RQGXODGRV UHOLHYHV FROLQDGRV PX\ EDMRV D DOWRV WHVWLJRGHFRUQLVDGHPHVDYHUWLHQWHGHPHVDFROXYLRQHV\FROXYLRDOXYLDOHV x *HRORJtD 5RFDV VHGLPHQWDULDV 7HUFLDULDV GH ODV )RUPDFLRQHV 2Q]ROH %RUEyQ \ 7RVDJXDFRUUHVSRQGLHQWHVDORV0LHPEURV'RV%RFDV\9LOOLQJRWD TXHDIORUDQHQOD FXHQFDGH0DQDEt x(GDIRORJtD 6XHORV LQFHSWLVROHV IUDQFR DUFLOORVRV D DUFLOORVRV SRFR SURIXQGRV D PRGHUDGDPHQWH SURIXQGRV FRUUHVSRQGHQ SULQFLSDOPHQWH D UHOLHYHV PHGLDQDPHQWH RQGXODGRV   Pรกgina12de395


 x&REHUWXUDQDWXUDO%RVTXHFDGXFLIyOLRPDWRUUDOVHFRPDWRUUDODUtGLFR x8VRDFWXDOGHODVWLHUUDV9HJHWDFLyQIUDJPHQWDGD\WLHUUDVSURGXFWLYDV PDt]  x ,QIUDHVWUXFWXUD YLDO \ SREODFLRQDO 9tDV 3ULQFLSDOHV 3RUWRYLHMR&UXFLWD 7RVDJXD &KDUDSRWy3REODGRV3ULQFLSDOHV(O+LJXHUyQ(O&HUULWR(O3XHEOLWR6RVRWH x3HOLJURVQDWXUDOHV'HVOL]DPLHQWRVDVRFLDGRVDO0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWD  E 

0HGLR$OXYLDO 6HSUHVHQWDQDORODUJR\DQFKRGHWRGRHOFDQWyQHVWDXQLGDGHVWiGRPLQDGDSRUOD DFFLyQGHOUtR3RUWRYLHMRTXHFUX]DGH6XUD1RUWHKDVWDOOHJDUDGHVHPERFDUHQHO PDUDGHPiVHVWDXQLGDGVHSUHVHQWDDORODUJRGHOUtR%DFKLOOHURHVWHUROD3DSD\D\ VXV FRUUHVSRQGLHQWHV WULEXWDULRV TXH FRUUHQ GH (VWH D 2HVWH (VWRV FDXFHV FRQMXQWDPHQWH FRQ HO WLSR GH PDWHULDO SUHVHQWH HQ HO FDQWyQ KDQ SURYRFDGR OD DSDULFLyQGHWHUUD]DV\YDOOHVIOXYLDOHV

 6XVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVVRQ x(FRORJtD%RVTXHGHFLGXRGHDIORUDPLHQWRVFDOFiUHRV x)RUPDVGHOUHOLHYH7HUUD]DVEDMDVWHUUD]DVPHGLDV\YDOOHVIOXYLDOHV x *HRORJtD 'HSyVLWRV DOXYLDOHV SULQFLSDOPHQWH DVRFLDGRV D DUFLOODV OLPRV \ DUHQDV GHJUDQRILQRDPHGLRFRQSUHVHQFLDGHJUDYDV x(GDIRORJtD 6XHORV GH RULJHQ GHSRVLFLRQDO DJULHWDGRV VXSHUILFLDOPHQWH IUDQFR DUFLOORVRV HQ OD VXSHUILFLH HQWLVROHV  SUHVHQWDQ YDULDGD WH[WXUD D SURIXQGLGDG VRQ VXVFHSWLEOHVDLQXQGDFLRQHVHQHVWDFLyQOOXYLRVD x&REHUWXUDQDWXUDO%RVTXHVHFR x8VR DFWXDO GH ODV WLHUUDV 9HJHWDFLyQ DUEyUHD FDVL LQH[LVWHQWH \ WLHUUDV SURGXFWLYDV PDt]DUUR]SOiWDQR  x,QIUDHVWUXFWXUD YLDO \ SREODFLRQDO 9tDV 3ULQFLSDOHV 3RUWRYLHMR&UXFLWD7RVDJXD  &KDUDSRWR3REODGRV3ULQFLSDOHV(O+LJXHUyQ(O&HUULWR(O3XHEOLWR\6RVRWH x3HOLJURVQDWXUDOHV=RQDVGHLQXQGDFLyQHQORVDOXYLDOHVDVRFLDGRDOUtR3RUWRYLHMR SULQFLSDOPHQWH (Q HO FDQWyQ VH SUHVHQWDQ YDULRV WLSRV GH UHOLHYHV TXH VRQ SDUWH GHO 5HOLHYH (VWUXFWXUDO &ROLQDGR GH RULJHQ 7HFWyQLFR (URVLYR TXH D VX YH] VH VXEGLYLGH GH DFXHUGRDODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVSDUWLFXODUHVGHFDGDXQRGHHOORVTXHVHGHVFULEHQHQ ODVLJXLHQWH7DEOD

  Pรกgina13de395


  7$%/$1ยž'(6&5,3&,21'(/267,326'(5(/,(9(

5(/,(9(

'(6&5,3&,21

5HOLHYH

(VWDXQLGDGIXHORFDOL]DGDDO6XURULHQWHGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHSRUHO VHFWRU GH /D /DPDU \ &HUUR 7HEDOGD SRVHH XQD FLPD DJXGD FRQ XQ GHVQLYHOPi[LPRGHPYHUWLHQWHVLUUHJXODUHVFX\DORQJLWXGH[FHGH ORVPVHHQFXHQWUDXQDSHQGLHQWHORFDOPHGLDQDDIXHUWH D   \ SRVHH FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO GH WLSR KHUEiFHD \ DUEXVWLYD HQ WDO XQLGDG&RUUHVSRQGHDO0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWDFX\DOLWRORJtDHVDVRFLDGD D OXWLWDV ODPLQDGDV GLDWRPiFHDV JULVHV R KDEDQDV SUHVHQWD XQ iUHD GHKD\UHSUHVHQWDXQGHOFDQWyQ

&ROLQDGRPX\ DOWR 5  

 5HOLHYH &ROLQDGR$OWR 5  

   5HOLHYH &ROLQDGR 0HGLR 5 

+DFLD HO 6XU GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HQ HO VHFWRU GH (O 0LUDGRU /D +RUPDVHSUHVHQWDGHIRUPDPiVFRQVROLGDGDORVUHOLHYHVFROLQDGRV DOWRV GH DOWXUD QR VXSHULRU D ORV  P GH FLPDV UHGRQGHDGDV FRQ SHQGLHQWHV PHGLDQDV D IXHUWHV  D   SUHVHQWD YHUWLHQWHV GH IRUPD LUUHJXODU \ PL[WD FX\D ORQJLWXG VXSHUD ORV  P(Q GLUHFFLyQ 1RUWH DO OtPLWH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH FRQ HO FDQWyQ 6XFUH 6XU  HQ HO VHFWRU GH %XHQD 9LVWD VH HQFXHQWUD ORV PLVPRV UHOLHYHV FRQ SUHVHQFLD GH FLPDV DJXGDV \ SHQGLHQWHV TXH YDUtDQ HQWUH PHGLDV D IXHUWHV  D   GH YHUWLHQWHV UHFWLOtQHDV FRQ XQD ORQJLWXG HQWUH DPD\RUHVGHP\HQHOVHFWRUGHO+RUFyQHVWRVUHOLHYHVVH FDUDFWHUL]DQ SRU VHU GHO 0LHPEUR 9LOOLQJRWD 6X FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO UHSUHVHQWDWLYD HV GH WLSR DUEXVWLYD \ KHUEiFHD FRQ FXOWLYRV GH PDUDFX\i PDWH SRVHHQ XQD H[WHQVLyQ GH  KD RFXSDQGR XQ GHODVXSHUILFLHWRWDOGHOFDQWyQ KD  (V OD XQLGDG PiV UHSUHVHQWDWLYD HQ WRGR HO FDQWyQ DEDUFD   KD  SUHVHQWiQGRVHDORODUJRGHOPLVPRFRQGHVQLYHOHVTXH QR VREUHSDVDQ ORV  P HQ ORV VHFWRUHV GH (O 6DFyQ (O 5HVEDOyQ 5RFDIXHUWH/DV)ORUHV/D6HFD'DQ]DUtQ(OeEDQR\/D+RUPDFRQ SUHVHQFLD GH FLPDV UHGRQGHDGDV HQ VX JUDQ PD\RUtD \ YHUWLHQWHV PL[WDV FRQ FDPELRV GH IRUPD ORFDO SXGLHQGR VHU DVt LUUHJXODUHV PL[WDV\FyQFDYDV3RVHHSHQGLHQWHVPHGLDVDPHGLDVIXHUWHV  D   FRQ XQD ORQJLWXG GH YHUWLHQWH HQWUH  D P \ FDVL HQ VX WRWDOLGDG SHUWHQHFH D XQD OLWRORJtD DVRFLDGD DO 0LHPEUR 'RV %RFDV FRQSRFDVH[FHSFLRQHVGHO0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWDXELFDGRGHIRUPDORFDO HQ HO VHFWRU GH (O 6DQFyQ \ /RPD 3ULHWD SDUWH DOWD GH 1XHYR 3DTXLVKD /RV OXJDUHV GH (O &DUGyQ %XHQRV $LUHV 6DQ -DFLQWR GH 5RFDIXHUWH$PDUL]/RPD3LSRQD6DQ(OR\/RPD0LQDGH2UR3DMD &RORUDGD /D 3DSD\D (O 0X\X\R 6DQ 0LJXHO GH 7UHV &KDUFRV (O eEDQR 2MR GH $JXD /D /DPDU (O *XDVPDO /DV 7UHV -DLEDV /D +RUPD \/RPD0LUDGRUSUHVHQWDQUHOLHYHVFRQDOWXUDVTXHDOFDQ]DQ ORV  P GH GHVQLYHO GH FLPDV UHGRQGHDGDV HQ OD PD\RU SDUWH GH HOODV FRQ SHQGLHQWHV PHGLDV D PHGLDV IXHUWHV  D   \ YHUWLHQWHVYDULDGDVSUHYDOHFLHQGRODUHFWLOtQHDVVHJXLGDGHYHUWLHQWHV LUUHJXODUHV\SRVHHQXQDORQJLWXGHQVXVYHUWLHQWHVTXHYDUtDQGHD PD\RUHV GH  P 5HVSHFWR D VX OLWRORJtD FRUUHVSRQGH HQ VX

  Pรกgina14de395


 PD\RUtD D UHOLHYHV DVRFLDGRV DO 0LHPEUR 'RV %RFDV \ H[FHSFLRQHV ORFDOHV SHUWHQHFLHQWHV DO 0LHPEUR 9LOOLQJRWD HQ ORV OXJDUHV GH 6DQ -DFLQWRGH5RFDIXHUWH KDFLDHO6XU /RPD0LUDGRU\VXVDOUHGHGRUHV $GHPiV VH HQFXHQWUD FRQ FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO GH WLSR DUEXVWLYR \ KHUEiFHRFRQSUHVHQFLDGHFXOWLYRVGHIUHMROPDt]PDUDFX\i

 5HOLHYH &ROLQDGR%DMR 5  

 5HOLHYH &ROLQDGR0X\ %DMR 5  



)8(17(,((

(VWDXQLGDGVHHQFXHQWUDEDVWDQWHGLVSHUVDVHODSXHGHREVHUYDUSRU HOVHFWRU/D6HFD(O*XDUDQJR*XDELWDO6DQ(OR\\(O3XHEOLWR6H FDUDFWHUL]D SRU SRVHHU DOWXUDV QR VXSHULRUHV D ORV  P FRQ FLPDV UHGRQGHDGDV HQ VX PD\RUtD \ SHQGLHQWHV TXH YDUtDQ HQWUH VXDYHV D PHGLDV D SUHGRPLQDQGRODVGHODOVXVYHUWLHQWHV VRQ UHFWLOtQHDV SXGLHQGR H[LVWLU DOJXQDV YDULDFLRQHV ORFDOHV SRVHHQ XQD ORQJLWXG GH YHUWLHQWH HQWUH  D  P 'LFKDV XQLGDGHV VH HQFXHQWUD HQ FDVL HQ VX WRWDOLGDG GRPLQDGDV SRU OLWRORJtD SHUWHQHFLHQWH DO 0LHPEUR 'RV %RFDV \ HQ HVFDVDV XQLGDGHV JHRPRUIROyJLFDVSRUHO0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWDHQDPERVFDVRVSRVHHQHO PLVPR RULJHQ 7HFWyQLFR HURVLYR \ (VWUXFWXUDO  /D FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO HVWiFDUDFWHUL]DGDSRUODSUHVHQFLDGHYHJHWDFLyQKHUEiFHDDUEXVWLYD \ FXOWLYRV GH PDt] HQWUH RWURV 3RVHH XQ iUHD GH  KD TXH FRUUHVSRQGHDXQGHOFDQWyQ (VWRVUHOLHYHVVHHQFXHQWUDORFDOL]DGRVHQHOVHFWRUGHORV$JXVWLQHV KDFLD HO &RUGyQ GLULJLpQGRVH SRU OD YtD 'DQ]DUtQ FRUUHVSRQGHQ DO 0LHPEUR 'RV %RFDV HVSHFtILFDPHQWH HQ HVWH VHFWRU SRVHHQ XQ UHFXEULPLHQWRGHPDWHULDODOXYLDO JUDYDVDUHQDV 6RQFDUDFWHUtVWLFDV ODV SHQGLHQWHV TXH YDUtDQ HQWUH VXDYHV D PHGLDV  D   DGHPiV VX GHVQLYHO Pi[LPR FRUUHVSRQGH D P PXHVWUDQ FLPDV UHGRQGHDGDV\YHUWLHQWHVYDULDEOHV/DSUHVHQWHXQLGDGHVWiDVRFLDGD D SDVWRV \ YHJHWDFLyQ GH WLSR DUEyUHD DUEXVWLYD \ KHUEiFHD FRQ SUHVHQFLD GH FLHUWRVFXOWLYRV SOiWDQRSLPLHQWR  7DPELpQ VH SXHGHQ REVHUYDUHVWHWLSRGHUHOLHYHVGHVLPLODUHVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVHQHOVHFWRU GH 3XHUWR /RRU 3UHVHQWDQ XQD H[WHQVLyQ GH  KD TXH UHSUHVHQWDXQGHOFDQWyQ 

(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

(QOD7DEOD6HGHWDOODODVXQLGDGHVJHRPRUIROyJLFDVGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHQEDVH GHOD8QLGDG$PELHQWDO\OD8QLGDGJHQpWLFD      

  Pรกgina15de395


 7$%/$81,'$'(6$0%,(17$/(6*(1e7,&$6<*(2025)2/ร*,&$6 '(/&$17ร152&$)8(57( $0%,(17$/

81,'$'

81,'$' *(1(7,&$

81,'$' *(2025)2/2*,&$





5HOLHYHFROLQDGRPX\DOWR

0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWD





5HOLHYHFROLQDGRDOWR

0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWD

5HOLHYHV HVWUXFWXUDOH VFROLQDGRV WHUFLDULRV



5HOLHYHFROLQDGRPHGLR

0LHPEUR'RV%RFDV

7HFWyQLFR (URVLYR

'(120,1$&,21 *(2/2*,&$

0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWD 5HOLHYHFROLQDGREDMR

0LHPEUR'RV%RFDV 0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWD



5HOLHYH EDMR (VWUXFWXUDO

FROLQDGR

PX\ 0LHPEUR'RV%RFDV 0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWD

)UHQWHGHFXHVWD

0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWD

7HVWLJR GH FRUQLVD GH 0LHPEUR%RUEyQ PHVD 9HUWLHQWHGHPHVD

0LHPEUR2Q]ROH

'HSRVLFLRQDO 6XSHUILFLH GH FRQR GH 'HSRVLWR RDFXPXODWLYR GH\HFFLyQDQWLJXR $OXYLDOHV 

&ROXYLyQDQWLJXR



&ROXYLyQUHFLHQWH

'HQXGDWLYR

&ROXYLyQDOXYLDODQWLJXR &ROXYLyQDOXYLDOUHFLHQWH

0HGLR $OXYLDO

&ROXYLR

'HSRVLWR&ROXYLDOHV

'HSRVLWR $OXYLDOHV

&ROXYLR

'HSRVLFLRQDO 7HUUD]DPHGLD  RDFXPXODWLYR 7HUUD]D EDMD \ FDXFH 'HSRVLWR$OXYLDOHV DFWXDO 9DOOH)OXYLDO



)8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

 

  Pรกgina16de395


 0$3$5(/,(9('(/&$172152&$)8(57(

)8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'



   *(2/2*,$ (QHVWDSDUWHVHGHVFULEHODFRPSRVLFLyQ\HVWUXFWXUDLQWHUQDGHOWHUULWRULR\ORVSURFHVRVSRU ORVFXDOHVKDLGRHYROXFLRQDQGRDORODUJRGHOWLHPSR (O FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFXHQWUD HQ HO LQWHULRU GH OD FXHQFD GH 0DQDEt DO 1RURFFLGHQWH GHO FDQWyQ VH HQFXHQWUD HO OtPLWH OLWROyJLFR HQWUH HO 0LHPEUR 9LOOLQJRWD KDFLD HO 1RUWH \ HO 0LHPEUR'RV%RFDVKDFLDHO6XUFRQIRUPDQGRODPD\RUSDUWHGHOFDQWyQ8QDJUDQSRUFLyQ GHOFDQWyQHVUHSUHVHQWDGDSRUHO0HGLR$OXYLDOFRQODSUHVHQFLDGHWHUUD]DVSURGXFWRGHOD HURVLyQ\GHSyVLWRVGHOUtR3RUWRYLHMR\WULEXWDULRVFRQXQDWHQGHQFLD1:6(VHHQFXHQWUD URGHDGRHQHVWDiUHDSRUHO0LHPEUR'RV%RFDVH[FHSWRHQORVH[WUHPRVFRQGLUHFFLyQ1: \ 6( OXJDUHV GRQGH VH SUHVHQWD HO 0LHPEUR 9LOOLQJRWD \ VXV UHVSHFWLYRV FRQWDFWRV \ XQD PtQLPDSDUWHXELFDGDDOH[WUHPR6XURULHQWDOGHOFDQWyQHVWiSUHVHQWHODIRUPDFLyQ%RUEyQ  6HJ~Q9DUJDV  LGHQWLILFDFXDWURIRUPDFLRQHVJHROyJLFDV DXQTXHH[LVWHXQDSHTXHxD SDUWHGHOD)RUPDFLyQ%RUEyQ TXHVRQ     Pรกgina17de395


 x

0LHPEUR'RV%RFDV +D 

x

0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWD +D 

x

)RUPDFLyQ2Q]ROH +D \

x

0DWHULDO5HFLHQWH 'HSyVLWRV  +D 

/DVGRVSULPHUDVGDWDQGHO0LRFHQR PLOORQHVGHDxRV ODWHUFHUDFRUUHVSRQGHDO 0LRFHQR ยฑ 3OLRFHQR  PLOORQHV GH DxRV  ILQDOPHQWH HO 0DWHULDO 5HFLHQWH FRUUHVSRQGHDODHUDFXDWHUQDULD PLOORQHVGHDxRVKDVWDQXHVWURVGtDV  'HELGR D ODV GLVWLQWDV IRUPDFLRQHV JHROyJLFDV TXH DSDUHFHQ HQ OD ]RQD VH LGHQWLILFDQ YDULHGDGGHVXHORVFRPRDUFLOODVPDULQDVGHHVWXDULR\OXWLWDV EODQFDV\FKRFRODWH VLHQGR DSWRVSDUDFXOWLYRVGHFLFORFRUWRSDVWL]DOHV\ERVTXHV 'HDFXHUGRDODVIRUPDFLRQHVH[LVWHQWHVHQHOFDQWyQHVWHVHFDUDFWHUL]DSRUHOWLSRGHURFD GH OD )RUPDFLyQ 7RVDJXD GH ORV 0LHPEURV 'RV %RFDV 9LOOLQJRWD 2Q]ROH %RUEyQ \ 'HSyVLWRVDOXYLDOHVVXSHUILFLDOHV(QHOVLJXLHQWHFXDGURVHGHVFULEHQODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVGH FDGDXQDGHODVIRUPDFLRQHVJHROyJLFDV  7$%/$'(6&5,3&,21'()250$&,21(6*(2/2*,&$6



)250$&,21(6 *(2/2*,&$6

'(6&5,3&,21



&RQVLVWHGHOXWLWDVGHFRORUFDIpFKRFRODWHODPLQDGDVFRQSUHVHQFLDGH \HVR WDPELpQ VRQ OXWLWDV GH FRORU FDIp FKRFRODWHV FRQ SUHVHQFLD GH \HVRUHFXELHUWDVGHPDWHULDOGH GHSyVLWRDOXYLDO JUDYDV \DUHQDV (O WRSH HVWi VREUHSXHVWR HQ WUDQVLFLyQ SRU HO 0LHPEUR YLOOLQJRWD R HQ DXVHQFLD HQ FRQWDFWR WUDQVLFLRQDO SRU OD )P 2Q]ROH 6H OH DWULEX\H OD HGDG GHO 2OLJRFHQR VXSHULRU DO 0LRFHQR PHGLR %ULVWRZ \ +RIIVWHWWHU   (Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFRQWUy HO 0LHPEUR 'RV %RFDV FRPR OXWLWDV FKRFRODWH FRQ SUHVHQFLD GH YHWLOODV GH \HVR 3HUWHQHFH D OD IRUPDFLyQ 7RVDJXD \ VRQ URFDV VHGLPHQWDULDV GH RULJHQ PDULQR FRQWLQHQWDO GH OD HGDG WHUFLDULD HQ OD ]RQD DOWD (O &HUUR (O 0R\X\R +RUQRGH3DQ(OeEDQR7LHUUDV'XUDV(O0RWHWH3DMD&RORUDGD6DQ -RVp GH ODV SHxDV &HUHFLWR SDUWH DOWD GH 6DQ -DFLQWR UHSUHVHQWDGD HQHOPDSDGHFRORUFDIp 

 0LHPEUR'RV %RFDV 07% 

    0LHPEUR9LOOLQJRWD

&RQVLVWH GH OXWLWDV ODPLQDGDV GLDWRPiFHDV JULVHV R KDEDQDV HQ DIORUDPLHQWRVIUHVFRVSHURTXHPHWHRUL]DQEODQFR+D\XQDWUDQVLFLyQ JUDGXDO FRQ HO PLHPEUR 'RV %RFDV (Q OD FXHQFD GH 0DQDEt WUDEDMRV UHDOL]DGRV VREUH YDULDV HVSHFLHV GH IyVLOHV LQGLFDQ XQD HGDG GHO 0LRFHQR LQIHULRU DO PHGLR %ULVWRZ \ +RIIWHWWHU   $O 1RUWH GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH &HUUR 9HUGH  VH REVHUYy DIORUDPLHQWRV GH OXWLWDV GLDWRPiFHDV GH FRORU KDEDQR HQ URFD IUHVFD HQWUH HO FRQWDFWR FRQ HO 0LHPEUR'RV%RFDVVHSUHVHQFLyHOFRORUEODQFRDOHVWDUPHWHRUL]DGR HQ DIORUDPLHQWRV DO 1RURHVWH /D EDUERQD (O &HUHFLWR  \ 6XUHVWH GHO FDQWyQ /D +RUPD SDUWH DOWD GH 'DQ]DUtQ /D /DPDU  3HUWHQHFH D OD

  Pรกgina18de395


 079 

  )RUPDFLyQ2Q]ROH 0'2    )RUPDFLyQ%RUEyQ 03,'% 

   'HSyVLWRV &ROXYLDOHV 4    'HSyVLWRV&ROXYLR $OXYLDOHV 4 

  'HSyVLWRV $OXYLDOHV 4 

)8(17(,((

IRUPDFLyQ 7RVDJXD \ VRQ URFDV VHGLPHQWDULDV GH RULJHQ PDULQR FRQWLQHQWDO GH OD HGDG WHUFLDULD 5HSUHVHQWDGD HQ HO PDSD GH FRORU QDUDQMD  &RQVLVWH HVSHFLDOPHQWH GH DUHQLVFD DUFLOORVD GH JUDQR PHGLR SRFR FRPSDFWDGDHVWiXELFDGDGHVGHHO0LRFHQRPHGLRSRUORPHQRVKDVWD 0LRFHQR VXSHULRU %ULVWRZ \ +RIIVWHWWHU   'H IRUPD SXQWXDO VH HQFRQWUy D OD )RUPDFLyQ 2Q]ROH DO H[WUHPR 6XURULHQWDO GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWHHQHOVLWLR2MRGH$JXDTXHSHUWHQHFHDXQ DIORUDPLHQWR \D PHWHRUL]DGR GH OD )RUPDFLyQ 2Q]ROH UHSUHVHQWDGD HQ HO PDSD GH FRORUDPDULOORIXHUWH 0LRFHQR3OLRFHQR PLOORQHVGHDxRV  &RPSUHQGH GH DUHQLVFDV FRORU JULV D]XODGR GH JUDQR PHGLR D JUXHVR HQ EDQFRV FRPSDFWRV FRQ DEXQGDQWHV IyVLOHV $GHPiV SUHVHQWD LQWHUFDODFLRQHV FRQ WRED YROFiQLFD JULV 6H OH DWULEX\H XQD HGDG GHO 0LRFHQR VXSHULRU DO 3OLRFHQR %ULVWRZ \ +RIIVWHWWHU   (VWXGLRV DFWXDOL]DGRV 5H\HV \ 0LFKDXG   GHVFULEHQ OLWROyJLFDPHQWH D OD )RUPDFLyQ %RUEyQ FRPR VHFXHQFLDV GH DUHQLVFDV PDVLYDV JUXHVDV FRQVWLWXLGDSRUWUHVPLHPEURVFOiVWLFRLQIHULRUYROFDQRFOiVWLFRPHGLR \ YROFiQLFR VXSHULRU (Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH OD SUHVHQFLD GH OD )RUPDFLyQ %RUEyQ SHUPDQHFH GH IRUPD PtQLPD XELFDGD DO H[WUHPR 6XURULHQWDOGHOFDQWyQHQHOVLWLR2MRGH$JXDSDUWHVXSHULRUGHO&HUUR 7HEDOGD UHSUHVHQWDGDHQHOPDSDGHFRORUFDIpFODUR  &RQVWLWX\HQ GHSyVLWRV TXH DSDUHFHQ DO SLH GH XQD ODGHUD FRPR UHVXOWDGRGHOWUDQVSRUWHJUDYLWDFLRQDOGHORVPDWHULDOHVUHVXOWDQWHVGHOD GHVLQWHJUDFLyQ GH UHOLHYHV SULPDULRV $O 1RURHVWH \ 6XU GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFXHQWUDQ FRQRV GH GH\HFFLyQ FRPR ORV PiV UHSUHVHQWDWLYRV GHQWUR GH HVWD XQLGDG FRPSXHVWRV SRU PDWHULDO DUFLOORVR \ FODVWRV DQJXODUHV GH URFDV SHUWHQHFLHQWHV D ORV UHOLHYHV FHUFDQRV7DPELpQFROXYLRQHVUHFLHQWHVFRQVWLWXLGRVJHQHUDOPHQWHSRU OLPRV 6RQ GHSyVLWRV GH RULJHQ PDULQR TXH SHUWHQHFH D OD HUD FXDWHUQDULD6RQEORTXHV\JUDYDVGHDUHQLVFDHQPDWUL]OLPRDUHQRVD\ WDPELpQ DUHQDV GH JUDQR ILQR D JUXHVR OLPRV \ JUDYDV UHSUHVHQWDGD HQHOPDSDGHFRORUDQDUDQMDGRFRQOtQHDVQHJUDV  6RQ DUHQDV GH JUDQR ILQR D JUXHVR OLPRV \ JUDYDV OLPRV DUHQRVRV DPDULOOHQWRV DOWHUQDGRV FRQ FRQJORPHUDGRV \ OLPRV DUHQRVRV FRQ SUHVHQFLD GH JUDYD 6H RULJLQDQ SRU OD VHGLPHQWDFLyQ GH PDWHULDO FOiVWLFR OLPRVDUHQDV \FODVWRV SURGXFWR GHODHURVLyQ GHODVSDUWHV DOWDV GH ODV IRUPDFLRQHV H[LVWHQWHV \ GHSyVLWRV DOXYLDOHV FRPSXHVWRV GHJUDYDVDUHQDV\OLPRVTXHUHOOHQDQORVYDOOHVIRUPDGRVSRUORVUtRV \ SDUWH GH ODV FXHQFDV KLGURJUiILFDV (Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFXHQWUDQ HVWRV GHSyVLWRV FRPSXHVWRV SULQFLSDOPHQWH SRU OLPRV \ DUFLOODV 6RQ GHSyVLWRV GH RULJHQ PDULQR TXH SHUWHQHFH D OD HUD FXDWHUQDULD 5HSUHVHQWDGDHQHOPDSDGHFRORUIXFFLD  &RQVWLWX\HQ ORV GHSyVLWRV PiV UHFLHQWHV HURVLRQDGRV \ WUDQVSRUWDGRV SRU UtRV SRU OR TXH DEDUFDQ YDULHGDG GH PDWHULDOHV TXH YDQ GHVGH DUFLOODV OLPRV DUHQDV JUDYDV \ FDQWRV (O FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFXHQWUD DWUDYHVDGR GH 6XU D 1RUWH SRU HVWD XQLGDG REVHUYiQGRVH WHUUD]DV PHGLDV \ EDMDV FRPSXHVWDV GH DUHQD OLPR \ JUDYDV UHGRQGHDGDV D VXEUHGRQGHDGDV 6RQ GHSyVLWRV GH RULJHQ PDULQR TXH SHUWHQHFHDODHUDFXDWHUQDULDHQOD]RQDEDMDDPERVPiUJHQHVGHOD YtD 5RFDIXHUWH7RVDJXD \ XQRV P D DPERV PiUJHQHV GH OD YLD 5RFDIXHUWH0DQWD UHSUHVHQWDGDHQHOPDSDGHFRORUDPDULOORFODUR  

(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

  Pรกgina19de395


 

 0$3$)250$&,21(6*(2/2*,&$6'(/&$172152&)8(57(             )8(17(,((  



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

 68(/26

(Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH REVHUYD XQ SDLVDMH FDUDFWHUL]DGR SRU OD JUDQ JHR IRUPD GHQRPLQDGD WHUUD]D PHGLD GH UHOLHYHV SODQRV D FDVL SODQRV OD FXDO HV DJUtFRODPHQWH SURGXFWLYDHQHOTXHSUHGRPLQDHOFXOWLYRGHODUUR]HQOD]RQDEDMD\PDt]HQOD]RQDDOWD  /D VXSHUILFLH GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HV GH  GRQGH SUHGRPLQDQ VXHORV GHO RUGHQ GH ORV ,QFHSWLVROHV FRQ  VHJXLGRV GH ORV (QWLVROHV FRQ  VLJXH ORV 9HUWLVROHV FRQ \HQPHQRUSURSRUFLyQHQFRQWUDPRVORV0ROOLVROHVFRQORVPLVFHODQHVVRQHO \H[LVWHXQDSDUWHTXHFRUUHVSRQGHDQRDSOLFDEOHTXHUHSUHVHQWDHOTXHVRQ iUHDVXUEDQDV\GUHQDMHVORVPLVPRVTXHVHGHVFULEHQHQHOJUiILFR1ยž

        Pรกgina20de395


 *5$),&21ยž'(25'(1(6'(68(/26(1&$172152&$)8(57(

)8(17(,(( 

(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'





 7$%/$'(6&5,3&,21'(7,326'(68(/26(1(/&$17215 &$5$&7(5,67,&$6'(/2668(/26 25'(1 68% *5$1 68% 25'(1 *5832 *5832                                              8VWHSWV    ,QFHSWLVRO HV

 

 )OXYHQWLF KDSOXVWHSWV



'(6&5,3&,21 6RQ JUDQGHV iUHDV TXH VH HQFXHQWUDQ GLVWULEXLGDV HQ WRGR HO FDQWyQ LQFOXLGD HQ XQD SHTXHxD SDUWH HQ OD IRUPD GH UHOLHYHWHUUD]DPHGLD (VWH 2UGHQ WD[RQyPLFR RFXSD ODV XQLGDGHV PRUIROyJLFDV TXH FRUUHVSRQGHQ D &ROXYLR DOXYLDO DQWLJXR \ UHFLHQWH FROXYLyQ DQWLJXR \ UHFLHQWH )UHQWH GH FXHVWD 5HOLHYHV FROLQDGRV PX\ EDMR EDMR PHGLR \ DOWRV 6XSHUILFLH GH FRQR GH GH\HFFLyQ DQWLJXR \ 7HUUD]D PHGLD (Q SHQGLHQWHV TXH YDQ HQVXPD\RUSDUWHKDVWDHO \ HQ RFDVLRQHV KDVWD HO   GHVDUUROOiQGRVH VREUH OD )RUPDFLyQ %RUEyQ \ 0LHPEUR

 (;7(16, 21+DV                 



                

  Pรกgina21de395


 



9LOOLQJRWD



 7\SLF KDSOXVWHSWV

(VWRV VXHORV SUHVHQWDQ HQ VX PD\RUtD WH[WXUDV IUDQFR DUFLOORVDV D DUFLOORVDV HQ OD VXSHUILFLH\GHDUFLOORVDVIUDQFR DUFLOORVDV KDVWD IUDQFR OLPRVDV HQ SURIXQGLGDG VH FDUDFWHUL]DQ SRUWHQHUXQFRQWHQLGRPHGLRGH PDWHULD RUJiQLFD WLHQHQ EXHQ GUHQDMH HQ VX PD\RUtD HQ VX PD\RU SDUWH VRQ PRGHUDGDPHQWHSURIXQGRV\HQ DOJXQDV RFDVLRQHV SRFR SURIXQGRV S+ SUiFWLFDPHQWH QHXWUR D PHGLDQDPHQWH DOFDOLQRVODPD\RUSDUWHQRVRQ VDOLQRV VLHQGR KDVWD OLJHUDPHQWH VDOLQRV WLHQHQ PHGLDQD IHUWLOLGDG QDWXUDO UHSUHVHQWDGRHQHOPDSDFRQOD JDPDGHYHUGH 

  

 



 &DOFLF KDSOXVWHSWV

+DSOXVWHSWV



  

  8GLIOXYHQ WLF KDSOXVWHSWV    9HUWLF KDSOXVWHSWV

  /D 5HFWD /DV 3DSD\DV 7LHUUD %RQLWD (O &DUGRQ /DV )ORUHV  &HUUR9HUGH2MRGH$JXD/D +RUPD&HUHFLWR6DQ-DFLQWR   9DOGH] SDUWH DOWD /D +RUPD &HUHFLWR   =RQD DOWD 'DQ]DULQ 2MR GH $JXD (O 0R\X\R +RUQR GH 3DQ (O (EDQR 7LHUUDV 'XUDV *XDQDEDQR          (QWLVROHV

       )OXYHQWV     $TXHQWV

     8VWLIOXYHQWV      (QGRDTXHQWV

     7\SLF 8VWLIOXYHQW V     $TXLF 8VWLIOXYHQW

/RFDOPHQWH VH HQFXHQWUDQ DVRFLDGRV D ODV XQLGDGHV PRUIROyJLFDV 7HUUD]D PHGLD \ YDOOH IOXYLDO HQ SHQGLHQWHV GH KDVWD HO   &RUUHVSRQGHQ D VXHORVGHVDUUROODGRVDSDUWLUGHO 'HSyVLWRV$OXYLOHV/DVWH[WXUDV VRQ IUDQFR DUFLOORVDV HQ OD VXSHUILFLH \ DUFLOORVDV D SURIXQGLGDG HQ RFDVLRQHV IUDQFRDUHQRVDVHQODVXSHUILFLH \ IUDQFR DUFLOOROLPRVDV D SURIXQGLGDG

        

      

&RQ GUHQDMH EXHQR \ HQ RFDVLRQHV PDO GUHQDGR VRQ VXHORV TXH HQ VX PD\RUtD VRQ PRGHUDGDPHQWH SURIXQGRV QR VDOLQRV HQ VX PD\RUtD \ HQ RFDVLRQHV OLJHUDPHQWH VDOLQRV

  Pรกgina22de395


 V 

DOWR FRQWHQLGR GH PDWHULD RUJiQLFD \ GH IHUWLOLGDG QDWXUDO PHGLD 5HSUHVHQWDGR HQ HO PDSD FRQ OD JDPD GH DPDULOORV 

    7\SLF (QGRDTXHQ WV

 9LD 'DQ]DULQ2MR GH DJXD YLD7UHV&KDUFRV   =RQD EDMD 5HVEDORQ 7DEDFDOHV 1XHYR 3DTXLVKD 9DOOH+HUPRVR/D0RUODFD6DQ 3HGUR   =RQD EDMD (O &HLEDO /RV 5LRV /DV -DJXDV (O 3XHEOLWR 6RVRWHHWF









/RV 9HUWLVROHV VH HQFXHQWUDQ   HQODSDUWHHVWHGHOFDQWyQ  /RV9HUWLVROHVVHHQFXHQWUDQHQ  FROXYLRV DOXYLDOHV DQWLJXRV HQ  SHQGLHQWHVGHODO(VWRV  VXHORV VH GHVDUUROODQ D SDUWLU GHO PDWHULDO GH 'HSyVLWRV &ROXYLR$OXYLDOHV

































9HUWLVROHV









8VWHUWV

+DSOXVWHUWV





 7\SLF +DSOXVWHUWV 

    

6XVWH[WXUDVVRQDUFLOORVDVWDQWR HQ OD VXSHUILFLH FRPR D SURIXQGLGDG FRQ GUHQDMH PRGHUDGR VX SURIXQGLGDG PRGHUDGDPHQWH SURIXQGD OD PDWHULD RUJiQLFD HV PHGLD \ VX IHUWLOLGDG QDWXUDO HV PHGLDQD UHSUHVHQWDGR HQ HO PDSD GH FRORUURVDGR  6H HQFXHQWUD XELFDGR HQ SHTXHxDViUHDVGHOD]RQDDOWD

     0ROOLVROHV

     8VWROO





   8GLF +DSOXVWROOV 











 (QWLF +DSOXVWROOV



+DSOXVWROOV 



/RV 0ROLVROHV HVWH VXEJUXSR  WD[RQyPLFR VH XELFD KDFLD HO   VXU  2ULHQWH HQ HO HPSDWH FRQ HO  FDQWyQ 

    

-XQtQ GLVWULEXLGDV HQ YHUWLHQWHV GH PHVD \ WHVWLJRV GH FRUQLVD GH PHVD GH SHQGLHQWHV GHO  DO   GHVDUUROOiQGRVH VREUH ODV IRUPDFLRQHV %RUERQ \ 2Q]ROHUHVSHFWLYDPHQWH 6XV WH[WXUDV VRQ IUDQFDV D IUDQFR DUFLOORDUHQRVDV FRQ EXHQ GUHQDMH VRQ

  Pรกgina23de395


 PRGHUDGDPHQWH SURIXQGRV D SRFR SURIXQGRV \ VX IHUWLOLGDG QDWXUDO HV DOWD 5HSUHVHQWDGR HQHOPDSDHOFRORUURMR  (O&KLDO1XHYD(VSHUDQ]D 2MRGH$JXD  0LVFHOiQHRV

'LIHUHQWHV WLSRV GH VXHORV QR  FODVLILFDGRV FDXFHV GH  TXHEUDGDVHQ]RQDDOWD   &RUUHVSRQGHDODV]RQDV XUEDQDV UHSUHVHQWDGDHQHO  PDSDDQDUDQMDGRFRQUDOODV QHJUDV  

  1R$SOLFDEOH



 

 )8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

  0$3$&$3$67(;785$/(6'(/68(/2'(/&$172152&$)8(57(                    

FUENTE:IEEอฒ2012  



ELABORADO:EquipodePlanificaciรณnGADอฒ2014



  Pรกgina24de395


  862<&2%(5785$'(68(/2 

862'(/68(/2

(O XVR SUHGRPLQDQWH GHO VXHOR GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HV HO ³$JUtFROD´ GHQWUR GHO TXH UHVXOWDQ LPSRUWDQWHV SRU VX VXSHUILFLH FXOWLYDGD GH PDt] DUUR]FDFDR FRFR SOiWDQR EDQDQR KDED SDOODU FHEROOD SHUOD KLJXHULOOD DOJRGyQ FRFR \ ORV FXOWLYRV GH FLFOR FRUWR FRPRPHOyQWRPDWHULxyQIUHMRO]DSDOORHQWUHRWUDV  2WUR XVR LPSRUWDQWH HVWi UHSUHVHQWDGR SRU OD FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO QDWXUDO LGHQWLILFDGD HQ VX PD\RUtD SRU PDWRUUDO VHFR PX\ DOWHUDGR PDWRUUDO VHFR PHGLDQDPHQWH DOWHUDGR ERVTXH VHFR PHGLDQDPHQWHDOWHUDGR \ ERVTXH VHFR PX\ DOWHUDGR (Q PHQRU SURSRUFLyQ VH HQFXHQWUDQ HO PDWRUUDO K~PHGR PHGLDQDPHQWH \ PX\ DOWHUDGR DVt FRPR OD YHJHWDFLyQ KHUEiFHDGHKXPHGDOPHGLDQDPHQWH\PX\DOWHUDGD(VWDVFREHUWXUDVVHLGHQWLILFDQFRQHO XVR³&RQVHUYDFLyQ\3URWHFFLyQ´HOPLVPRTXHVHXELFDHQWRGRHOFDQWyQDH[FHSFLyQGHOD SDUWHFHQWUDOGHOPLVPR  /D9HJHWDFLyQKHUEiFHDVHFD\ODYHJHWDFLyQKHUEiFHDK~PHGDVHLGHQWLILFDQFRQHO8VRGH ³&RQVHUYDFLyQ \ 3URGXFFLyQ´ HO PLVPR TXHRFXSD HO WHUFHU OXJDU HQ VXSHUILFLH GHQWUR GHO FDQWyQ(VWHWLSRGHYHJHWDFLyQVLUYHHQPXFKDVYHFHVFRPRDOLPHQWDFLyQSDUDHOJDQDGR\ VHXELFDHQODV]RQDVQRUWHVXUVXURHVWH\GLVSHUVRVHQOD]RQDHVWHGHOFDQWyQ 



(QHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHGHQWURGHOXVR³$JXD´VHGHVWDFDQ/DJRV/DJXQDV5tRV'REOHV\ $OEDUUDGDV5HVHUYRULRV 6H GHVWDFD HO /DJRXELFDGR HQ 7DEDFDOHV KDFLD OD SDUWH VXURHVWH GHOFDQWyQ(QFXDQWRDUtRVGREOHVVHGHVWDFDHO5tR3RUWRYLHMRTXHDWUDYLHVDGHQRUWHDVXU HOVHFWRURHVWH5RFDIXHUWH\TXHVHXQHHQHOVHFWRU/DV'RV%RFDVFRQHO5LR&KLFR/DV $OEDUUDGDV5HVHUYRULRVVHORFDOL]DQSULQFLSDOPHQWHHQHOVHFWRUHVWHGHOFDQWyQHVGHFLUOD ]RQDDOWDODVPLVPDVTXHVRQPX\HVFDVDV\GLVSHUVDV\TXHVH OOHQDQVLHVTXHKD\XQ EXHQLQYLHUQR(OFDQDOGHULHJRXELFDGRKDFLDHORHVWH\FHQWURGHOFDQWyQHVGHFLUOD]RQD EDMDGRWDGHDJXDDWRGRVORVFXOWLYRVFHUFDQRVDpOSULQFLSDOPHQWHORVGHDUUR]  (QHOXVR$JURSHFXDULR0L[WRTXHVHXELFDHQHOFXDUWROXJDUHQH[WHQVLyQVHGHWHUPLQDURQ LPSRUWDQWHV VXSHUILFLHV GH OD DVRFLDFLyQ FRFRFDFDR PLVFHOiQHRV LQGLIHUHQFLDGRV \ SDVWRV FXOWLYDGRVFRQSUHVHQFLDGHiUEROHVORFDOL]DGRVSULQFLSDOPHQWHDORODUJRGHODIUDQMDVXUGHO FDQWyQ GHVGH HO H[WUHPR HVWH DO RHVWH $GHPiV VH XELFD WDPELpQ HQ ORV H[WUHPRV VXSHULRUHVWDQWRQRUHVWHFRPRQRURHVWH    Página25de395


 'HQWUR GHO XVR ³3HFXDULR´ H[LVWHQ VXSHUILFLHV QR PX\ JUDQGHV VLQ HPEDUJR QR PHQRV LPSRUWDQWHVGHSDVWL]DOHVXWLOL]DGRVHQJDQDGHUtDH[WHQVLYDXELFDGDVHQVXPD\RUtDKDFLDHO RHVWHHQXQDHVWUHFKDIUDQMDTXHYDGHQRUWHDVXU\KDFLDHOH[WUHPRVXUHVWHLQIHULRUSDUWH QRURHVWHGHOFDQWyQ  'HQWUR GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HO XVR ³$QWUySLFR´ DEDUFD FREHUWXUDV FRPR =RQDV XUEDQDV FRQVROLGDGDV FRPR OD FDEHFHUD FDQWRQDO iUHDV HQ 3URFHVR GH 8UEDQL]DFLyQ &HQWURV 3REODGRV&RPSOHMRV,QGXVWULDOHV&DQWHUDV\*UDQMDV$YtFRODV(VWDVFREHUWXUDVVHXELFDQ HQHOFHQWURGHOFDQWyQ\XQDGHOJDGDIUDQMDKDFLDHORHVWHGHOPLVPRVREUHORVHMHVGHODV YtDVSULQFLSDOHV  

'(/,0,7$&,21'(/68(/2

 /D GHOLPLWDFLyQ XUEDQD GH OD FDEHFHUD FDQWRQDO VH HVWDEOHFH PHGLDQWH XQD 2UGHQDQ]D OD GHOLPLWDFLyQFDQWRQDOQRHVWiGHILQLGDGHELGRDTXHFXDQGRVHFUHyHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH\ VHGHVPHPEUyGHOFDQWyQ3RUWRYLHMRQRVHGHILQLHURQOLPLWHVHVSHFtILFRVSRUWDOPRWLYRQR H[LVWHOtPLWHVOHJDOHVVRORWHQHPRVODGHOLPLWDFLyQTXHVHKDFHHQEDVHDORVVHUYLFLRVTXH HO *$' GD D OD FRPXQLGDG \ HO VHQWLGR GH SHUWHQHQFLD TXH WLHQHQ VXV KDELWDQWHV DFWXDOPHQWH OD /H\ GH )LMDFLyQ GH /tPLWHV 7HUULWRULDOHV ,QWHUQRV SXEOLFDGD HQ HO 5HJLVWUR 2ILFLDO1žGHOGH$EULOGHOREOLJDDORV*$'PXQLFLSDOHVDGHILQLUVXVOtPLWHV WHUULWRULDOHVFRQ ORV FDQWRQHV TXH WHQJDQ FRQIOLFWRV SDUD OR FXDO WLHQHQ KDVWD HO  GH DEULO GHO  SRU HVWH PRWLYR HO &RQVHMR 0XQLFLSDO FRQIRUPR OD &RPLVLyQ GH OtPLWHV OD PLVPD TXHHVWiIRUPDGDSRU&RQFHMDOHV\IXQFLRQDULRVTXLHQHVKDQSUHVHQWDGRXQDSURSXHVWDD ODV &RPLVLRQHV GH /tPLWHV GH ORV FDQWRQHV GH 3RUWRYLHMR -XQtQ \ 6XFUH FRQ TXLHQHV GH DFXHUGR D OR HVWDEOHFLGR SRU HO &21$/, &RPLVLyQ 1DFLRQDO GH /LPLWHV  VRQ ORV FDQWRQHV FRQ ORV FXDOHV QR WHQHPRV GHILQLGRV ORV OLPLWHV OHJDOPHQWH \ HV SRU OR WDQWR FRQ HOORV FRQ TXLHQHV VH GHEH WUDEDMDU SDUD OOHJDU D XQ DFXHUGR DPLVWRVR HV DVt TXH VLJXLHQGR ORV SURFHGLPLHQWRV HVWDEOHFLGRV HQ OD /H\ VH KDQ PDQWHQLGR XQ VLQ Q~PHUR GH UHXQLRQHV \ UHFRUULGRVGHFDPSRSDUDGHILQLUHVWHWHPD 3DUDGHWHUPLQDUHOXVRGHOVXHORHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHH[LVWHXQD2UGHQDQ]DSXEOLFDGD HQHO5HJLVWUR2ILFLDO1žGHOGH1RYLHPEUHGHOHQODPLVPDTXHFRQVWDHOXVR GHOVXHORGHDFXHUGRDODFODVLILFDFLyQGHODV]RQDV\VHJ~QODVDFWLYLGDGHVTXHVRQSURSLDV GHOPHGLRODV]RQDVLGHQWLILFDGDVVRQODVVLJXLHQWHV    Página26de395


 3==RQD&RPHUFLDO 3==RQD5HVLGHQFLDO&RPHUFLDO 3==RQD5HVLGHQFLDO(FRQyPLFD 3=8UEDQR0DUJLQDO FHQWURVSREODGRVIXHUDGHOiUHDXUEDQD  3==RQD(VSHFLDOFLQWXUyQYHUGH 3=3=3=3==RQDV5XUDOHV (VLPSRUWDQWHVHxDODUTXHDXQTXHH[LVWHOD2UGHQDQ]DQRVHKDUHDOL]DGRODDSOLFDFLyQ\HO FRQWURO FRUUHVSRQGLHQWH OR TXH KD GHWHUPLQDGR XQ GHVRUGHQ HQ FXDQWR D OD XELFDFLyQ GH FRPHUFLRVHQ]RQDVQRDGHFXDGDVDODFRQVWUXFFLyQGHYLYLHQGDVVLQUHVSHWDUHODQFKRGH SRUWDOHV DOWXUD GH FROXPQDV DOWXUD GH FRQWUDSLVR UHWLURV GH ODV YtDV UHWLURV GH ULEHUDV DFFHVRV SDUD YHKtFXORV HQWUH RWURV SUREOHPDV HQ ODV HGLILFDFLRQHV RFXSDFLyQ GH OD YtD DFHUDV \ SRUWDOHV FRQ PDWHULDOHV GH FRQVWUXFFLyQ FRPHUFLRV \ YHKtFXORV XVR LQDGHFXDGR GHO VXHOR SDUD OD DFWLYLGDG DJUtFROD XELFDFLyQ GH FRPHUFLDQWHV HQWUH RWURV SRU HVWRV PRWLYRV HV LPSUHVFLQGLEOH DFWXDOL]DU OD 2UGHQDQ]D VRFLDELOL]DUOD \ GLIXQGLUOD SDUD TXH VH SXHGDDSOLFDU\VHUHDOLFHHOUHVSHFWLYRFRQWUROHQOD]RQDXUEDQD\HQOD]RQDUXUDO D 

'(/,0,7$&,ร1<862'(/68(/285%$12(OGLPHQVLRQDPLHQWRGHODV]RQDV

WLHQH XQD UHSHUFXVLyQ HQ OD H[SUHVLyQ ItVLFD GHO GHVDUUROOR GH OD FLXGDG HQ HO FDVR GH ORV XVRVGHOVXHORVHHQFRQWUyTXHGHODVWUHVGLPHQVLRQHVODVTXHPD\RULQFLGHQFLDSUHVHQWDQ HQ VX DFWXDO FRPSRUWDPLHQWR VRQ OD FRPHUFLDO UHVLGHQFLDO UHVLGHQFLDOFRPHUFLDO \ UHVLGHQFLDOHFRQyPLFDFRQODVVLJXLHQWHVFDXVDOLGDGHV x

6H FDUHFH GH XQD YLVLyQ GH FRQMXQWR SDUD OD SODQHDFLyQ DODUJR SOD]RTXH SRWHQFLH

ODVRSFLRQHVGHGHVDUUROORHQDUPRQtDFRQHODPELHQWH x

6H DGROHFHQ GH XQD SODQLILFDFLyQ XUEDQtVWLFD TXH DUWLFXOH ODV YDULDEOHV VRFLDOHV

HFRQyPLFDVFXOWXUDOHV\DPELHQWDOHV\VHHYLGHQFLDXQDIDOWDGHOLGHUD]JRGHDSURSLDFLyQ GHYDORUDFLyQFXOWXUDO\GHHPSRGHUDPLHQWRGHOWHUULWRULRFRPR XQDRSRUWXQLGDGDQWHVTXH FRPRXQDDPHQD]D x

+D\FDUHQFLDGHXQDHVWUDWHJLDFROHFWLYDGHJHVWLyQWHUULWRULDOTXHSHUPLWDKDFHUXQD

PHMRUFRRUGLQDFLyQGHODVDFFLRQHVHVWDWDOHVSULYDGDVFRPXQLWDULDV\FLXGDGDQDV  /DVLWXDFLyQGHODFLXGDGFRQIOLFWRHVFRQVHFXHQWHFRQODHYROXFLyQGHVXFUHFLPLHQWR(Q WpUPLQRV JHQHUDOHV ORV XVRV GHO VXHOR VH FODVLILFDQ FRPR PL[WRV R GLYHUVRV \ JHQHUDQ FRQIOLFWRVHQWUHXQRV\RWURVSRUODIDOWDGHSODQLILFDFLyQ\FRQWUROHQHOFXPSOLPLHQWRGHODV

  Pรกgina27de395


 RUGHQDQ]DV PXQLFLSDOHV (Q HO FHQWUR GH OD FLXGDG VH SUHVHQWD OD PD\RU GLYHUVLGDG H LQWHQVLGDGGHDFWLYLGDGDGPLQLVWUDWLYD\FRPHUFLDOPLHQWUDVHQODSHULIHULDODPD\RUtDGHORV SUHGLRV HVWiQ GHVWLQDGRV DO XVR UHVLGHQFLDO \ FRQ DOJXQDV HVSHFLDOLGDGHV HQ HO XVR LQVWLWXFLRQDOHGXFDWLYRVLQHPEDUJRHQOD]RQDLQPHGLDWDDOD$YHQLGD6XFUH\$YHQLGD'RQ %RVFR VH HYLGHQFLD XQD GLYHUVLILFDFLyQ GH XVRV GH ORV SUHGLRV FRQ SUHGRPLQLR GHO XVR FRPHUFLDO\GHVHUYLFLRV WDOOHUHVDUWHVDQDOHV FRQXVRVPiVGLVSHUVRVKDFLDODSHULIHULDHQ OD]RQDFHQWUDOH[LVWHQGRVGHSyVLWRVGHYHQWDVGHJDVGHXVRGRPpVWLFRORVPLVPRVTXH SRQHQHQSHOLJURDODSREODFLyQFLUFXQGDQWH\DWRGDODFLXGDGDQtD (Q VtQWHVLV HO SURFHVR GH HVSHFLDOL]DFLyQ GH XVRV GHO VXHOR YLHQH RFXUULHQGR SRU UHQRYDFLyQ HVSRQWiQHD SXGLpQGRVH GLVWLQJXLU ]RQDV FODUDPHQWH LGHQWLILFDGDV \ DOJXQRV VHFWRUHVLQWHUQRV\RWURVGHFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVHVSHFtILFDV (Q HO iUHD XUEDQD HO XVR GHO VXHOR FRUUHVSRQGH D ORV FyGLJRV 3= 3= \ 3= UHVLGHQFLDO FRPHUFLDOUHVLGHQFLDO \ UHVLGHQFLDOHFRQyPLFR  HQ HO iUHD FHQWUDO GH OD XUEH HQFRQWUDPRV WRGD OD LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD \ VHUYLFLRV VHJXLGD GH XQ iUHD UHVLGHQFLDOFRPHUFLDO SXHV VH GHVDUUROODQ HQ YLYLHQGDV GH XQD \ GRV SODQWDV \ ILQDOPHQWH VH LGHQWLILFD OD PD\RU ]RQDGHH[SDQVLyQKDELWDFLRQDOHQODSDUWHSHULIpULFDGHOD]RQDXUEDQD 3DUD HO DQiOLVLV GH 2&83$&,21 '( 68(/2 85%$12 VH FRQVLGHUDUi WRGD OD &DEHFHUD &DQWRQDO\SRUFXDQWRVHGLVSRQHGHKHFWiUHDVVHOHKDGLYLGLGRHQFLQFRVHFWRUHV LGHQWLILFDGRV \ FDWDVWUDGRV GH ORV TXH VH REWLHQH OR GHWDOODGR HQ HO VLJXLHQWH FXDGUR GH RFXSDFLyQGHOVXHORSDUDHVWHDxRUHSUHVHQWDGRHQKHFWiUHDV 7$%/$2&83$&,ร1'(/68(/2=21$85%$1$  6HFWRU

3REODFLy Q +DE 

รˆUHD %UXWD +D 

รˆUHD 1HWD +D 

ร‹QGLFH GH (TXLSDP YLYLHQGD LHQWR P+D  +D 

รˆUHDV YtDV +D 

รˆUHDV YHUGHV +D 

'HQVLGD ร‹QGLFH GH G EUXWD FRPSRVLFL +D  yQIDPLOLDU

























































































































FUENTE:D.P.P.อฒAVALUOSYCATASTROSELABORADO:EQUIPOTร‰CNICODEPLANIFICACIร“NอฒGADROCAFUERTE

  Pรกgina28de395


 

$FWXDOPHQWHHOiUHDXUEDQDGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHWLHQHXQDH[WHQVLyQGH+DV&RQ XQDSREODFLyQGHKDELWDQWHVGHQWURGHOWHUULWRULRFDQWRQDOVHFXHQWDFRQ+DV'H iUHDVYHUGH+DV'HYtDV\+DV'HHTXLSDPLHQWRVTXHGDQGRXQiUHDQHWDGH +DVFRPRVHGHWDOODQHQOD7DEOD1ยž 6HJ~QORVUHVXOWDGRVREWHQLGRVHQODWDEODGH2FXSDFLyQGH6XHOR8UEDQRGHEHPRVWRPDU HQ FRQVLGHUDFLyQ OR VLJXLHQWH ([LVWH OD QHFHVLGDG GH FRQVROLGDU R GHQVLILFDU OD iUHDV R WHUUHQRV GHVRFXSDGRV SDUD WHQHU XQ PHMRU DSURYHFKDPLHQWR GH ORV VHUYLFLRV EiVLFRV TXH GDHO*$'WHQLHQGRHQFRQVLGHUDFLyQORVDQiOLVLVGHLPSDFWRDPELHQWDO\JHVWLyQGHULHVJR FRPSOHWDU LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD GH VHUYLFLRV EiVLFRV \ VRFLDOHV PHMRUDU YtDV ODV iUHDV GH UHFUHDFLyQ \ OD SURWHFFLyQ GH iUHDV HFROyJLFDV R iUHD GH SURWHFFLyQ GH OD ]RQD XUEDQD +XPHGDO  'H DFXHUGR D HVWH FXDGUR VH GHWHUPLQDGD TXH H[LVWH PD\RU FRQVROLGDFLyQ HQ OD ]RQD FHQWUDORFRPHUFLDOTXHVRQRFXSDGDVSRUYLYLHQGDVGHXQD\GRVSODQWDVHOFRPHUFLRWLHQH XQUROLPSRUWDQWH\DTXHHQHVWHVHFWRUVHHQFXHQWUDQHO0HUFDGR&HQWUDO\HO0HUFDGRGH 0DULVFRV\HQVXVDOUHGHGRUHVH[LVWHQFRPHUFLDQWHVPLQRULVWDV\ODRFXSDFLyQGHOVXHORHV GHYLYLHQGDFRQXQFRPHUFLRHQH[SDQVLyQ E 

'(/,0,7$&,ร1<862'(/68(/2585$/

(O FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH QR FXHQWD FRQ 3DUURTXLDV 5XUDOHV QR WLHQH GHILQLGDV ORV OtPLWHV GH FDGD XQD GH ODV FRPXQLGDGHV QR VH KDQ GHOLPLWDGR ORV FHQWURV SREODGRV QL ODV IURQWHUDV DJUtFRODVSRUWDOPRWLYRH[LVWHXQGHVRUGHQHQFXDQWRDOXVRGHOVXHORDSHVDUGHTXHKD\ XQD 2UGHQDQ]D GH XVR GH VXHOR SXEOLFDGD HQ HO 5HJLVWUR 2ILFLDO HO  GH 1RYLHPEUH GHO ODPLVPDTXHQRVHKDVRFLDOL]DGR\WDPSRFRVHKDFRQWURODGRVXDSOLFDFLyQSRUOR WDQWRWRGRVUHDOL]DQVXVDFWLYLGDGHVGHDFXHUGRDODVFRVWXPEUHVGHOPHGLR (QOD]RQDUXUDOHVWiQORFDOL]DGDVODVFRPXQLGDGHVUXUDOHVTXHFRQIRUPDQODV]RQDVGH SODQLILFDFLyQ $OWD \ %DMD/D =RQD %DMD VH LQWHJUD SRU ORV VHFWRUHV   \  FRQ  FRPXQLGDGHVGHVLPLODUHVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDV\OD=RQD$OWDVHLQWHJUDSRUORVVHFWRUHV\ FRQFRPXQLGDGHVWDPELpQGHVLPLODUHVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDV  

  Pรกgina29de395


 7$%/$1ยž2&83$&,ร1'(/68(/2=21$585$/ 





6(&725

&2081,'$'(6

86260รˆ6&$5$&7(5,67,&26



6RVRWH 6RVRWH $GHQWUR 7LHUUDV $PDULOODV 3XHUWR /RRU 6DQ -RVp GHODV3HxDV(O3XHEOLWR%XHQRV $LUHV (O &HUHFLWR 6DQ -DFLQWR +LJXHUyQ /D *XD\DED 3XHUWR +LJXHUyQ1XHYD(VSHUDQ]D

$JULFXOWXUD JDQDGHUtD HQ FLHUWDV FRPXQLGDGHV UHVLGHQFLDOFRQVROLGDGRHQDOJXQDVFRPXQLGDGHVVREUH ODV SULQFLSDOHV YtDV GHO VHFWRU VH ORFDOL]DQ HVWDEOHFLPLHQWRV FRPHUFLDOHV DUWHVDQDOHV \ GH VHUYLFLRV



/RV 5tRV (O &HLEDO (O +RUFyQ /D -DJXD (O &HUULWR (O )UXWLOOR 6DQ $QGUpV 6DQ (OR\ /D &DOLIRUQLD(O*XDELWDO









$JULFXOWXUDJDQDGHUtDHQFLHUWDVFRPXQLGDGHVWXUtVWLFR VREUHWRGR HQ OD JDVWURQRPtD SUHGRPLQD HO XVR UHVLGHQFLDO VREUH ODV SULQFLSDOHV YtDV GHO VHFWRU VH ORFDOL]DQ HVWDEOHFLPLHQWRV FRPHUFLDOHV \ GH VHUYLFLRV $FWXDOPHQWH VREUH HO WHUULWRULR GH DOJXQDV GH HVWDV 7DEDFDOHV 9DOGH] 3DVDMH FRPXQLGDGHV VH HVWi FRQVWUX\HQGR HO DFXHGXFWR TXH 5HVEDOyQ 1XHYD 3DTXLVKD 6DQ WUDQVSRUWDUD DJXD FUXGD D OD UHILQHUtD GHO 3DFLILFR 3HGUR 9DOOH +HUPRVR /D XELFDGDHQHOVHFWRUHO$URPRGHOFDQWyQ0DQWD 0RUODFD /D 5HFWD /DV 3DSD\DV $IXHUD /DV 3DSD\DV $GHQWUR 7LHUUD %RQLWD (O &HUUR &HUUR 9HUGH 3DMD &RORUDGD (O 0RWHWH (O 0R\X\R



&RPXQLGDGHV HVHQFLDOPHQWH UHVLGHQFLDOHV FRQ HVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVGLVSHUVRVDOJXQDVVHHQFXHQWUDQDOR ODUJR GH ODV YtDV VH GHGLFDQ D OD $JULFXOWXUD VROR HQ LQYLHUQRGHELGRDODHVFDVH]GHODJXDHQHVWDSDUWHVH (O*XDUDQJR6DQ0LJXHOGH7UHV DVLHQWDQ  JUDQMDV DYtFROD $FWXDOPHQWH VREUH HO &KDUFRV *XDQiEDQR 7LHUUD WHUULWRULR GH DOJXQDV GH HVWDV FRPXQLGDGHV VH HVWi 'XUD /D 3ULPDYHUD +RUQR GH FRQVWUX\HQGRHODFXHGXFWRTXHWUDQVSRUWDUDDJXDFUXGD DODUHILQHUtDGHO3DFLILFRXELFDGDHQHOVHFWRUHO$URPR 3DQ GHOFDQWyQ0DQWD (O&DUGyQ/DV)ORUHV/D+RUPD 'DQ]DUtQ /D /DPDU 6DQ $QWRQLR6DQ5RTXH2MRGH$JXD

)8(17(*$'5 (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1ยฑ*$'5 

F 

7(1(1&,$<9$/25$&,ร1'(68(/285%$12<585$/

6HJ~QORVDUFKLYRVTXHUHSRVDQHQHOiUHDGH$YDO~RV\&DWDVWURGHO*RELHUQR0XQLFLSDOGHO &DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVRORH[LVWHUHJLVWURGHOGHSURSLHGDGHVFRQGRFXPHQWRVOHJDOHV TXH UHVSDOGDQ OD WHQHQFLD GHO VXHOR HQ HO iUHD UXUDO DXQTXH QR HVWi DFWXDOL]DGD OD LQIRUPDFLyQ GHO FDWDVWUR UXUDO (Q HO iUHD XUEDQD HO  GH ORV SUHGLRV FDWDVWUDGRV VL WLHQHQGRFXPHQWRVTXHUHVSDOGDQODOHJDOLGDGGHODSURSLHGDGGHORVWHUUHQRV

  Pรกgina30de395


 (QFXDQWRDODYDORUDFLyQGHOWHUUHQRHQHOHQWUyHQYLJHQFLDHOSODQRGHOYDORUGHOD WLHUUD SDUD HO ELHQLR  GH OD  ]RQD XUEDQD \ GH OD ]RQD UXUDO GLFKR SODQR VH FXDQWLILFD GH DFXHUGR D ORV VHUYLFLRV EiVLFRV LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD EiVLFD LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD FRPSOHPHQWDULD \ VHUYLFLRV FRPR UHFROHFFLyQ GH EDVXUD DVHR GH FDOOHV FRQ TXH FXHQWD FDGD VHFWRU 'HQWUR GHO SODQR GH YDORUDFLyQ GH OD WLHUUD VH UHJLVWUDQ YDORUHV Pi[LPRV GH \PtQLPRVGHSRUPHQOD]RQDXUEDQDHQOD]RQDUXUDOVHUHJLVWUDYDORUHV Pi[LPRV GH \ PtQLPR  OD KHFWiUHD HQ ORV OXJDUHV GRQGH H[LVWHQ FHQWURV SREODGRV \ VRQ ORWHV SHTXHxRV ORV YDORUHV YDUtDQ GH DFXHUGR DO WDPDxR GHO ORWH VLHQGR HO YDORU Pi[LPR GH  FDGD P ORV WHUUHQRV UXUDOHV TXH HVWiQ DO ODGR GH ODV YtDV SULQFLSDOHV \ TXH FXHQWDQ FRQ VHUYLFLRV EiVLFRV \ GH LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD WLHQHQ PD\RU YDORU FDWDVWUDO(QOD]RQDUXUDOH[LVWHQGLIHUHQWHVWDPDxRVGHSDUFHODVHQWUHODVTXHWHQHPRV 7$%/$1ยž7$0$f2'(3$5&(/$6=21$585$/ 7,32'(3$5&(/$6

7$0$f2

325&(17$-(

3(48(f$6

+$67$+$6



0(',$1$6

0$<25$+$6+$6



*5$1'(6

0$<25$+$6



&8(5326'($*8$

1$



$5($6'(862 $17523,&2

)XHQWH,((DxR G 

7(1'(1&,$6'(&5(&,0,(17285%$12<585$/

(Q ORV ~OWLPRV  DxRV GHVSXpV GH OD FRQVWUXFFLyQ GHO SXHUWR GH 0DQWD ORV FDQWRQHV DOHGDxRVFRPR5RFDIXHUWHKDQSUHVHQWDGRXQDXPHQWRGHVXSREODFLyQSDVDQGRGH KDELWDQWHVHQHODxRDKDELWDQWHVHQHODxRFRQXQDSUR\HFFLyQDO DxR  GH  KDELWDQWHV OR TXH LQGLFD TXH OD SREODFLyQ KD DXPHQWDGR HQ IRUPD SHUPDQHQWHORTXHKDFHVXSRQHUTXHDODxRKDEUiFUHFLGRD~QPiVDFWXDOPHQWHHO VHFRQFHQWUDHQOD]RQDUXUDO\HOHQOD]RQDXUEDQDSRUORWDQWRGHEHPRV SUR\HFWDUWRGRVORVVHUYLFLRVTXHSUHVWDHO*$'SDUDHVWDSREODFLyQSURFXUDQGRGDUPD\RU DWHQFLyQDOD]RQDUXUDOSDUDHYLWDUTXHHVWDSREODFLyQHPLJUHDFLXGDGHVGRQGHQRYDQD FRQWDUFRQHOHVWLORGHYLGDDTXHHVWiQDFRVWXPEUDGRV

  Pรกgina31de395


 $FRQWLQXDFLyQVHLQGLFDQODVSREODFLRQHVGHOD=RQD0DQDEt'LVWULWR'\5RFDIXHUWH GHO DxR  \ ODV SUR\HFFLRQHV DO DxR DFWXDO  \ OD SUR\HFFLyQ DO DxR  \ OD FRPSDUDFLyQFRQUHVSHFWRDOSDtVDOD]RQDDODSURYLQFLD\DOGLVWULWRFRUUHVSRQGLHQWHV 7$%/$1ยž352<(&&,21(6'(/$32%/$&,21 120%5(

32%/$&,21

32%/$&,21

32%/$&,21

(&8$'25

KDE

KDE

KDE

=21$

KDE

KDE

KDE

0$1$%,

KDE

KDE

KDE

'

KDE

KDE

KDE

52&$)8(57(

KDE

KDE

KDE

)8(17(,1(& 



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

(Q OD VLJXLHQWH WDEOD VH LQGLFDQ ORV SRUFHQWDMHV GH OD SREODFLyQ GH 5RFDIXHUWH UHODFLRQiQGRODFRQODVSREODFLRQHVGHOSDtVGHOD]RQDGHODSURYLQFLDGH0DQDEt \HO'LVWULWRFRUUHVSRQGLHQWH' 7$%/$1ยž&203$5$&,21(1'(/$32%/$&,21<686352<(&&,21(6 120%5(

$f2

(&8$'25

=21$

0$1$%,

'













0$1$%,

































',675,72











'























52&$)8(57(





















)8(17(,1(&    



(/$%25$'2(48,32'(3/$1,),&$&,21*$'5

  Pรกgina32de395


 H 

2&83$&,21'(/68(/2325(',),&$&,21(6

/DVHGLILFDFLRQHVHQODFLXGDGGH5RFDIXHUWHHVWiQFRQVROLGDGDVHQODSDUWHFpQWULFDGHOD FLXGDG SXHV DO VHU HVWH VHFWRU FRPHUFLDO \ UHVLGHQFLDO ODV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV GH ODV HGLILFDFLRQHVHVTXHODVYLYLHQGDVVRQGHGRVSODQWDVODSDUWHEDMDGHGLFDGDDOFRPHUFLR\R DODDGPLQLVWUDFLyQS~EOLFD\ODVHJXQGDGHVWLQDGDDODUHVLGHQFLD  (QHOVHFWRUUHVLGHQFLDOODVHGLILFDFLRQHVVRQGHXQD\GRVSODQWDVGHKRUPLJyQDUPDGRHQ VXJUDQPD\RUtDPLHQWUDVTXHHQODSHULIHULDGHOD&LXGDGODVHGLILFDFLRQHVVRQPXFKRPiV VHQFLOODV\VRQPHQRVFRQWLQXDVSRUODIDOWDGHVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVHLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDTXHGHD SRFRYDOOHJDQGRSRUORFXDOVHHVWiFRQVROLGDQGRORVVHFWRUHVTXHDQWHVQRFRQWDEDQFRQ HGLILFDFLRQHV

 I 

025)2/2*ร‹$85%$1$

/DFLXGDGGH5RFDIXHUWHVHHQFXHQWUDXELFDGDHQHOYDOOHGHO5LR3RUWRYLHMRODFLXGDGSRUOD SDUWH 1RUWH OLPLWD FRQ HO FDQDO GH ULHJR /DV 0DUDYLOODV HQ GRQGH WHQHPRV VXHORV FRQ YRFDFLyQDJUtFRODDO6XUHQFRQWUDPRVXQDFLpQDJDTXHVHOOHQDVRORHQLQYLHUQRSRUORTXH VH SUHWHQGH UHDOL]DU XQ HVWXGLR SDUD YHU OD SRVLELOLGDG GH FRQVWUXLU XQ E\SDVV TXH GHVFRQJHVWLRQHHOWUiILFRGHOFHQWURGHODFLXGDG\HYLWHVXGHWHULRURVLUYDGHOLPLWHXUEDQR\ GHPXURGHFRQWHQFLyQTXHHYLWHODHQWUDGDGHODJXDHQpSRFDVGHLQYLHUQR\HQFDXVDUODV DJXDV TXH EDMDQ GH ODV SHTXHxDV HOHYDFLRQHV TXH H[LVWHQ HQ HVWD ]RQD TXH YDQ D GHVHPERFDU D OD &LpQHJD \ GH HVWD PDQHUD FRQWDU FRQ XQ iUHD SDUD SODQHV GH YLYLHQGDV DGHPiV GHO +XPHGDO (O 7DEDFDO SRU HO (VWH VH HQFXHQWUD HO PXUR GH FRQWHQFLyQ TXH PLQLPL]D ODV LQXQGDFLRQHV HQ pSRFD LQYHUQDO \ SRU HO 2HVWH VH GHPDUFD OD SUHVHQFLD GH HOHYDFLRQHVGDQGRLQLFLRDOD]RQDDOWDGHOFDQWyQ  /D FLXGDG GH 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFXHQWUD HVWUDWpJLFDPHQWH XELFDGD SXHV OD FHUFDQtD D FLXGDGHVLPSRUWDQWHVFRPR3RUWRYLHMR\0DQWDFRQYtDVGHFRPXQLFDFLyQHQEXHQHVWDGR IDFLOLWDQHOIOXMRGHOFRPHUFLR\ODPRYLOLGDGGHSHUVRQDVGHVGH\KDFLD5RFDIXHUWH6XWUDPD YLDULD HV GH WLSR RUWRJRQDO VROR HQ OD ]RQD FpQWULFD GH OD FLXGDG TXH HVWi GHGLFDGD DO FRPHUFLR\DODDGPLQLVWUDFLyQS~EOLFDVHFXHQWDFRQFDOOHVTXHVHFUX]DQHQiQJXORUHFWR\ D PHGLGD TXH QRV DFHUFDPRV DO OtPLWH XUEDQR VH SLHUGH HVWD FDUDFWHUtVWLFD WHQLHQGR PDQ]DQDVLUUHJXODUHVWDQWRHQWDPDxR\IRUPDGHGLFDGDVHQVXWRWDOLGDGDOXVRUHVLGHQFLDO \PX\SRFRDODSURGXFFLyQ

  Pรกgina33de395


 J 

=21$60$5*,1$/(6<=21$6,10(',$7$6

(Q OD DFWXDOLGDG QR VH KD FODVLILFDGR DOJ~Q VHFWRU GH OD XUEH FRPR ]RQD PDUJLQDO OHJDOPHQWHSHURVLWRPDPRVHQFRQVLGHUDFLyQTXHODV]RQDVPDUJLQDOHVVRQDTXHOODVTXH FDUHFHQGHVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVYtDVGHDFFHVRHQEXHQHVWDGR\GRQGHODSREODFLyQWLHQHXQ EDMRQLYHOGHYLGD  6L WRPDPRV HQ FXHQWD HVWDV FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV WHQHPRV TXH VH FRQVLGHUDUDQ FRPR ]RQDV PDUJLQDOHV WRGD HO iUHD XELFDGD SRU HO ODGR 2HVWH GH OD &LXGDG FRPR VRQ OD ORWL]DFLyQ 1DUFLVDGH-HV~VODORWL]DFLyQ&ROLQDVGHO3LFKLQFKD\ORVSUHGLRVDG\DFHQWHV\ORVFHQWURV SREODGRVGHOD]RQDVUXUDOHV K 

(63$&,263ร’%/,&26<9,$6

(Q FXDQWR DO HTXLSDPLHQWR UHFUHDWLYR VH FXHQWD FRQ HO 3DUTXH &HQWUDO R 3OD]D S~EOLFD HO 3DUTXH GHO 1LxR 3DUTXH 0DUtD ,VDEHO 3DUTXH GH OD 0DGUH 3DUTXH 6DQWD 0DULDQLWD \ OD 3OD]D(OR\$OIDURDORVFXDOHVHVQHFHVDULRUHDOL]DUPDQWHQLPLHQWRDGHPiVH[LVWHQiUHDV GHSRUWLYDVFRPRHO&ROLVHR/RV3LFKRWDV\HO(VWDGLR0XQLFLSDO (QORTXHVHUHILHUHDPRELOLDULRODFDEHFHUDFDQWRQDOFDUHFHGHHVWHFRPRVRQEDVXUHURV S~EOLFRVQRPHQFODWXUDGHFDOOHV\DYHQLGDVVHxDOL]DFLyQHQODVFDOOHVEDQFDVHQSRUWDOHV\ DUERUL]DFLyQHQODVDFHUDVHQWUHRWUDV (Q OD ]RQDXUEDQD OD SDUWH YLDO HO TXH FRUUHVSRQGH D  .P GH ODV YtDV HVWiQ DWHQGLGDV FRQ GLIHUHQWHV FDSDV GH URGDGXUD FRPR VRQ DVIDOWR DGRTXtQ YHKLFXODU KRUPLJyQGHODVFXDOHVODPD\RUtDHVWiQHQEXHQHVWDGRDFWXDOPHQWHHQFRQYHQLRFRQHO *30 VH HVWiQ DVIDOWDQGR  .P TXH FRUUHVSRQGH DO  TXHGDQGR XQDV SRFDV ODVWUDGDV\FRQ'56%TXHFRUUHVSRQGHDOHQFXDQWRDDFHUDV\ERUGLOORVWDPELpQ VHFXHQWDFRQXQGHYtDVDWHQGLGDVDXQTXHDOJXQDVGHELGRDOWLHPSRHVWiQHQPDO HVWDGR /D ]RQD UXUDO FXHQWD FRQ HO  GH YtDV HQ H[FHOHQWH HVWDGR TXH SHUWHQHFHQ D ODV YtDV HVWDWDOHV \ SURYLQFLDOHV \ HO  TXH VRQ ORV FDPLQRV YHUDQHURV GH KHUUDGXUD \ VHQGHURV TXH HVWiQ DOJXQRV HQ EXHQ HVWDGR SHUR OD PD\RUtD QR WLHQHQ PDQWHQLPLHQWR DGHFXDGR SRU OR WDQWR OD LQVWLWXFLyQ UHVSRQVDEOH GH HVWD FRPSHWHQFLD GHEHUtD SRQHU PiV DWHQFLyQDHVWRVVHFWRUHV

  Pรกgina34de395


 (OiUHDUXUDOWLHQHXQLQVXILFLHQWHHVSDFLRS~EOLFRGHVWLQDGRDODUHFUHDFLyQGHORVKDELWDQWHV SXHVGHODVFRPXQLGDGHVVRORWLHQHQSHTXHxRVSDUTXHVRSOD]DVTXHVHHQFXHQWUDQHQ PDO HVWDGR  PLHQWUDV TXH HO UHVWR UHDOL]D DFWLYLGDGHV HQ WHUUHQRV XELFDGRV FDVL VLHPSUH IUHQWHDODVFDSLOODVGHODVFRPXQLGDGHV L 

(48,3$0,(172&$1721$/

(Q FXDQWR DO HTXLSDPLHQWR FDQWRQDO WHQHPRV &HPHQWHULRV 7HPSORV &DSLOODV &XHUSR GH %RPEHURV &HQWUR ,QIDQWLOHV GH %XHQ 9LYLU &,%9  0HUFDGRV 0DWDGHURV \ VDQHDPLHQWR DPELHQWDO /D FDEHFHUD FDQWRQDO FXHQWD FRQ XQ &HPHQWHULR *HQHUDO ORFDOL]DGR HQ HO VXUHVWH GH OD FLXGDG FRQ XQD VXSHUILFLH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH GH   +D TXH DFWXDOPHQWH QR FXEUH ODV QHFHVLGDGHVGHODSREODFLyQSRUORTXHHVXUJHQWHDPSOLDUHOPLVPR(QODSDUWHIURQWDOGH HVWH&DPSRVDQWRHQFRQWUDPRVXQiUHDUHJHQHUDGDTXHSUHVWDVHUYLFLRDTXLHQHVORYLVLWDQ ,QWHUQDPHQWH H[LVWHQ  EyYHGDV GH JUHPLRV \ DVRFLDFLRQHV SDUWLFXODUHV D XQ FRVWDGR GHO FHPHQWHULR H[LVWHQ WDPELpQ GRV EORTXHV GH EyYHGDV PXQLFLSDOHV TXH VH DUULHQGDQ D ODV SHUVRQDV TXH OR QHFHVLWDQ \  XQ DQILWHDWUR LQFRPSOHWR &DUHFH GH iUHDV YHUGHV FHUUDPLHQWRVODWHUDOHV\FDPLQHURVHQFLHUWDVSDUWHVHQXQDSULPHUDHWDSDFRQRFLGDFRPR $QWLJXR&HPHQWHULRH[LVWHXQDWRWDOGHVRUJDQL]DFLyQGHORVORWHV\EyYHGDV\HQODHWDSDGHO 1XHYR&HPHQWHULRORVORWHV\EyYHGDVHVWiQRUJDQL]DGDVSRUPDQ]DQDV (QODVFRPXQLGDGHVGH6RVRWH6DQ(OR\5HVEDOyQH+LJXHUyQWDPELpQH[LVWHQSHTXHxRV FHPHQWHULRVORVPLVPRVTXHDEDVWHFHQODQHFHVLGDGGHODVFRPXQLGDGHV\HVWiQXELFDGDV HVWUDWpJLFDPHQWH GHELGR D OD GLVWDQFLD D OD TXH VH HQFXHQWUDQ pVWDV FRPXQLGDGHV GH OD ]RQDXUEDQD M 

6(59,&,2648(35(67$1(6726(48,3$0,(1726

(Q UHODFLyQ DO HTXLSDPLHQWR GH FXOWR H[LVWH XQD LJOHVLD &DWyOLFD  ³1XHVWUD 6HxRUD GHO &DUPHQ´TXHVHHQFXHQWUDXELFDGDDOIUHQWHGHOSDUTXHFHQWUDOGHODXUEHDOTXHFRQFXUUHQ WRGRVORV5RFDIRUWHQVHVHQHOPHVGH-XOLRSRUODVILHVWDVSDWURQDOHV (Q OD ]RQD UXUDO H[LVWHQ  FDSLOODV TXH SRU OR JHQHUDO VH HQFXHQWUDQ HQ HO FHQWUR H FDGD FRPXQLGDG\VRQHOSXQWRGHFRQYHUJHQFLDGHODPLVPDHVSHFLDOPHQWHHQILHVWDVSDWURQDOHV \RWUDVDFWLYLGDGHVFRPXQLWDULDV

  Página35de395


 ([DFWDPHQWHHQHOFHQWURGHODFLXGDGGH5RFDIXHUWHVHXELFDHO&XHUSRGH%RPEHURVTXH FXHQWD FRQ XQD LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD UHJXODU FXHQWD FRQ XQ FDUUR FLVWHUQD YLHMR HQ UHJXODU FRQGLFLRQHV\RWURQXHYRHQEXHQDVFRQGLFLRQHVHOTXHHVXWLOL]DGRSDUDGDUVHUYLFLRHQORV VLQLHVWURV\XQDDPEXODQFLDGHDFXHUGRDOD&RQVWLWXFLyQ\DODV&RPSHWHQFLDVTXHWLHQHQ ORV*$'0XQLFLSDOHVHVWRVGHEHQVHUDVXPLGRVSRUFDGD*$' &RQ UHVSHFWR D ODV JXDUGHUtDV 5RFDIXHUWH FXHQWD FRQ XQ &HQWUR ,QIDQWLO GHO %XHQ 9LYLU &,%9  รˆQJHO GH PL *XDUGD WDPELpQ KD\ RWURV XELFDGRV HQ 5HVEDOyQ FRQ HO QRPEUH GH &KLVSLWDHQ6DQ-RVpGHODV3HxDVFRQHOQRPEUHGH8QLyQ,QIDQWLO\7LHUUDV$PDULOODVHO FHQWUR FRQ HO QRPEUH GH 0HPLQ HQ HVWRV FHQWURV VH DWLHQGHQ D QLxRV GH  D  DxRV GH HGDG7RGRHVWRQRVLQGLFDTXHVRODPHQWHVHHVWiDWHQGLHQGRDQLxRVGHHVWDHGDG TXHVRQDWHQGLGRVHQHVWHWLSRGHFHQWURFRQRFLHQGRTXHGHDFXHUGRDODSUR\HFFLyQGHOD SREODFLyQDOKD\QLxRVHQHGDGHVTXHRVFLODQGHDDxRSRUORWDQWRH[LVWHXQ GpILFLW GH HVWRV FHQWURV SDUD TXH GHQ DWHQFLyQ D WRGRV ORV QLxRV FRPSUHQGLGRV HQ HVWH UDQJRGHHGDGHVWDQWRHQOD]RQD8UEDQD\5XUDO 7HQHPRVDWHQFLyQGRPLFLOLDULDDDGXOWRVPD\RUHV\SHUVRQDVFRQGLVFDSDFLGDGHQ FRQYHQLRFRQHO0,(6HQODVFRPXQLGDGHVGH6DQ(OR\6RVRWH5HVEDOyQ(O)UXWLOOR6DQ -RVpGHODV3HxDV(O3XHEOLWR6DQ-DFLQWR3XHUWR/RRU 'H DFXHUGR D HVWRV GDWRV SRGHPRV GHGXFLU TXH VRODPHQWH VH DWLHQGH HO  GH OD SREODFLyQ TXH VHJ~Q OD SUR\HFFLyQ DO  HV GH  DGXOWRV PD\RUHV \ DO  HV GH  DGXOWRV PD\RUHV SRU WDO PRWLYR VH GHEH FRQVLGHUDU OD FRQVWUXFFLyQ GH XQ FHQWUR GH DWHQFLyQDODGXOWRPD\RUFRPRJUXSRGHDWHQFLyQSULRULWDULD (QFXDQWRDODVSHUVRQDVFRQGLVFDSDFLGDGVHHVWiQDWHQGLHQGRPHGLDQWHHVWHFRQYHQLRD SHUVRQDVTXHUHSUHVHQWDGHOWRWDOGHSHUVRQDVFRQGLVFDSDFLGDGGHDFXHUGRDO FHQVR GHO &21$',6  )8(17( 3iJ :HE GHO &21$',6  SRU OR TXH HV QHFHVDULR LPSOHPHQWDU VHUYLFLRV \ SURJUDPDV SDUD DWHQGHU D HVWDV SHUVRQDV TXH SHUWHQHFHQ D ORV JUXSRVGHDWHQFLyQSULRULWDULD /DIHULDVHUHDOL]DORVGtDVViEDGRV\GRPLQJRVVLHQGRHOGtDGRPLQJRHOPiVFRQFXUULGR 'HELGR D TXH OD FDSDFLGDG GH ODV LQVWDODFLRQHV GHO PHUFDGR QR DEDVWHFH D ORV FRPHUFLDQWHVVXPDGRDODFRVWXPEUHLPSXHVWDVHUHDOL]DYHQWDGHSURGXFWRVHQODVFDOOHV DG\DFHQWHV DO PLVPR FRPR VRQ HQ OD FDOOH (OR\ $OIDUR GHVGH OD $WDKXDOSD KDVWD OD GH 6HSWLHPEUH HQ OD FDOOH 3LFKLQFKD GHVGH OD ,QGHSHQGHQFLD KDVWD OD %ROtYDU \ HQ OD  GH 6HSWLHPEUH GHVGH OD (OR\ $OIDUR KDVWD OD ,QGHSHQGHQFLD  HQ GRQGH VH FRPHUFLDOL]D   Pรกgina36de395


 SURGXFWRV GH WRGD FODVH VLQ ORV PtQLPRV UHTXHULPLHQWRV GH VDOXEULGDG \ FRQIRUW SDUD ORV YHQGHGRUHV\FRPSUDGRUHV 6H HVWLPD TXH ORV GtDV GH IHULD DFXGHQ DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH FRPHUFLDQWHV D YHQGHU VXV SURGXFWRVGHODFRVWD\GHODVLHUUDSRUORTXHHVQHFHVDULRSURFXUDUODFRQVWUXFFLyQGHXQ QXHYR PHUFDGR TXH SUHVWH ODV FRQGLFLRQHV DGHFXDGDV SDUD EULQGDU XQ EXHQ VHUYLFLR D OD FRPXQLGDG SDUD ORJUDU HO RUGHQDPLHQWR GH ODV YtDV GHO FHQWUR GH OD FLXGDG TXH VH FRQYLHUWHQHQXQPHUFDGRGHVRUGHQDGRORVILQHVGHVHPDQDV (VLPSRUWDQWHLQGLFDUTXHODPXQLFLSDOLGDGVHHQFXHQWUDDFDUJRGHODDGPLQLVWUDFLyQGHORV PHUFDGRV GH +LJXHUyQ \ 6RVRWH ORV PLVPRV TXH FDVL QR VH XWLOL]DQ GHELGR D TXH OD SREODFLyQHVWiDVHQWDGDHQODVPiUJHQHVGHODYtD3RUWRYLHMR&UXFLWD]RQDWXUtVWLFDSRUOR TXHFDGDSURSLHWDULRGHYLYLHQGDWLHQHVXQHJRFLRIUHQWHDODYtD\FDVLQRKDFHXVRGHHVWRV PHUFDGRV (OPDWDGHURPXQLFLSDOVHHQFXHQWUDXELFDGRDOVXUHVWHGHOFDQWyQVREUHODVFDOOHV$WDQDVLR 6DQWRV\)UDQFLVFR$UFHQWDOHVHOPLVPRTXHKDVLGRUHFRQVWUXLGR\HTXLSDGRSDUDXQPHMRU VHUYLFLRDODFRPXQLGDGDXQTXHGHEHUtDUHXELFiUVHORGHELGRDTXHHVWiHQHOFHQWURGHOD FLXGDG\QRFXPSOHODVGLVWDQFLDVPtQLPDVUHTXHULGDVGHOD]RQDSREODGD$FDUJRGHHVWH OXJDU VH HQFXHQWUD XQ DGPLQLVWUDGRU WUDEDMDGRU PXQLFLSDO TXH UHDOL]D VXV IXQFLRQHV GH PLpUFROHVDGRPLQJRHQKRUDULRGLXUQR\QRFWXUQR (Q FXDQWR DO HTXLSDPLHQWR UHIHUHQWH D GRWDFLyQ GH DJXD SDUD FRQVXPR KXPDQR WHQHPRV GRV WDQTXHV UHVHUYRULRV GH DJXD SRWDEOH TXH VH DEDVWHFHQ GH OD SODQWD GH (O &HLEDO DGPLQLVWUDGD SRU OD (3$0 GH OD FLXGDG GH 0DQWD SHUR TXH HVWi XELFDGD HQ WHUULWRULR GH 5RFDIXHUWHSDUDGRWDUGHHVWHVHUYLFLRDODSREODFLyQGH5RFDIXHUWH\YDULDVFRPXQLGDGHV H[LVWHQ WUHV SODQWDV GH WUDWDPLHQWR GH DJXD SRWDEOH (Q FRQFOXVLyQ WHQHPRV HQ OD ]RQD XUEDQD  YLYLHQGDV FRQ VHUYLFLR GH DJXD SRWDEOH HQ OD ]RQD UXUDO  YLYLHQGDV FRQ VHUYLFLR GH DJXD SRWDEOH \  FRQ VHUYLFLR GH DJXD HQWXEDGD FRQ FORUR SHUR VLQ SRWDELOL]DU (Q OR TXH UHVSHFWD DO VDQHDPLHQWR DPELHQWDO VH UHDOL]D OD UHFROHFFLyQ HQ WRGD OD ]RQD XUEDQD \ HQ DOJXQDV FRPXQLGDGHV GH OD ]RQD UXUDO OD FREHUWXUD HV  GHELGR D TXH QR FXHQWDFRQYHKtFXORVSDUDDPSOLDU ODFREHUWXUDDODVGHPiVFRPXQLGDGHVDFWXDOPHQWHVH FXHQWD FRQ HO (VWXGLR \ 'LVHxRV 'HILQLWLYRV SDUD OD *HVWLyQ ,QWHJUDO GH 'HVHFKRV 6yOLGRV SDUDHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHOFXDOVHORHVSHUDLPSOHPHQWDUDFRUWRSOD]R

  Pรกgina37de395


  7$%/$683(5),&,('(&2%(5785$<862'(68(/2'(/&$1721 52&$)8(57( 862

$5($ +$6 



$*5,&2/$ YHUGHFODUR 





$*523(&8$5,20,;72 DPDULOOR 





$*8$ FHOHVWH 





$17523,&2 FDIp 





&216(59$&,21<352'8&&,21 URVDGR 





&216(59$&,21<3527(&&,21 YHUGH





3(&8$5,2 URMR 





3527(&&,21<352'8&&,21 PRUDGR 





727$/





REVFXUR 

FUENTE:IEEอฒ2012 

ELABORADO:EquipodePlanificaciรณnGADอฒ2014



*5$),&2683(5),&,('(&2%(5785$<862'(/&$172152&$)8(57(

 )8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

   Pรกgina38de395


 0$3$1ยž862'(68(/2         )8(17(,(( 





(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

&2%(5785$'(/68(/2

'HQWUR GH OD FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO QDWXUDO GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFRQWUy ODV VLJXLHQWHV IRUPDFLRQHVYHJHWDOHVERVTXHVPDWRUUDOHV\YHJHWDFLRQHVKHUEiFHDV/DVPLVPDVTXHVH HQFXHQWUDQHQXQJUDGRGHFRQVHUYDFLyQPX\DOWHUDGRHVSHFLDOPHQWHSRUODDPSOLDFLyQGH ODIURQWHUDDJUtFROD(OFDQWyQWLHQHXQDFREHUWXUDYHJHWDOQDWXUDOGHO\XQiUHDGH XVRDQWUySLFRGHO )XHQWH,((DxR  



(O&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHSRVHHXQDVXSHUILFLHWRWDOGHNPVLHQGRHOFXOWLYRGHOPDt]OD SULPHUD FREHUWXUD GHO FDQWyQ HQ VHJXQGR OXJDU VH XELFD HODUUR] (O SDVWR FXOWLYDGR \ HO SDVWRFXOWLYDGRFRQSUHVHQFLDGHiUEROHVRFXSDQHOWHUFHUR\FXDUWROXJDUHVUHVSHFWLYDPHQWH (Q OD TXLQWD \ VH[WD XELFDFLyQ VHKDOODQ HO FDFDR \ HO FRFRWHUR HQ VX RUGHQ /XHJR HQFRQWUDPRVODDVRFLDFLyQFDFDRFRFRHOSOiWDQRHOKDEDSDOODUODFHEROODSHUOD)LQDOPHQWH H[LVWHQ RWUDVFREHUWXUDV FRQVLGHUDEOHV SHUR GH PHQRU VXSHUILFLH TXH ODV DQWHULRUHV FRQ FXOWLYRVKRUWtFRODVODKLJXHULOODHODOJRGyQHQWUHRWURV   

  Pรกgina39de395


 D 

%2648(6(&2&RUUHVSRQGHDIRUPDFLRQHVERVFRVDVFRQXQGRVHOGHDP

GHDOWXUDFDUDFWHUL]DGRSRUSHUGHUSDUFLDORWRWDOPHQWHVXIROODMHGXUDQWHODWHPSRUDGDVHFD HOQ~PHURGHHVSHFLHVDUEyUHDVHVGLVSHUVRV\VLJQLILFDWLYDPHQWHPHQRUTXHODLGHQWLILFDGD GHQWUR GHO ERVTXH K~PHGR (O %RVTXH VHFR HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFXHQWUD HQ OD SDUWH FHQWURHVWH \ HQ OD SDUWH VXUHVWH (VWD IRUPDFLyQ YHJHWDO RFXSD    GH OD FREHUWXUDYHJHWDOQDWXUDOGHOFDQWyQ  E 

(/ 0$7255$/ +ร’0('2 (Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFXHQWUD HQ OD SDUWH

VXURHVWHRFXSDQGRGHODFREHUWXUDYHJHWDOQDWXUDOGHOFDQWyQ)RUPDFLyQGRPLQDGD SRU SODQWDV OHxRVDV JHQHUDOPHQWH UDPLILFDGDV GHVGH DEDMR DUEXVWRV  GH PiV GH  \ PHQRVGHPHWURVGHDOWXUD /DVHVSHFLHVUHJLVWUDGDVHQHVWDIRUPDFLyQYHJHWDOVRQ&DODWKHDFURWDOLIHUD&DODWKHDOXWHD 0DUDQWDFHDH  +HOLFRQLD ELKDL +HOLFRQLD VS +HOLFRQLDFHDH  &RVWXV VSLFDWXV =LQJLEHUDFHDH ;DQWKRVRPDVDJLWWLIROLXP $UDFHDH HQWUHRWUDV  F 

(/ 0$7255$/ 6(&2 6H HQFXHQWUD GLVWULEXLGR SRU WRGR HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH

RFXSDQGRHOGHODFREHUWXUDYHJHWDOQDWXUDOGHOFDQWyQ/DVHVSHFLHVUHJLVWUDGDVHQ HVWD IRUPDFLyQ YHJHWDO VRQ $UPDWRFHUHXV FDUWZULJKWLDQXV 2SXQWLD OXWHD ,SRPRHD VS -DFTXLQLD VSUXFHL /XIID RSHUFXODWD 3URVRSLV MXOLIORUD 0DFUDQWKLVLSKRQ ORQJLIORUXV HQWUH RWUDV  G 

/$ 9(*(7$&,ร1 +(5%รˆ&($ '( +80('$/ 6H XELFD HQ IRUPD GLVSHUVD HQ OD

SDUWHRHVWHGHOFDQWyQRFXSDQGRHOGHODFREHUWXUDYHJHWDOQDWXUDO/D9HJHWDFLyQ KHUEiFHD GH KXPHGDO VRQ DVRFLDFLRQHV KHUEiFHDV GHQVDV QR JUDPLQLIRUPHV TXH YLYHQ HQ FRQWDFWRFRQHODJXDGHODVODJXQDV\GHODVRULOODVGHORVUtRV3XHGHQDOFDQ]DUKDVWDGRV PHWURVGHDOWXUD\WLHQHQXQDSUHGRPLQDQFLDGHHVSHFLHVDFXiWLFDV/DVIDPLOLDVUHJLVWUDGDV HQHVWDIRUPDFLyQVRQ7\SKDGRPLQJHQVLV 7\SKDFHDH HQWUHRWUDV  H 

/$ 9(*(7$&,ร1 +(5%รˆ&($ +ร’0('$ 6H HQFXHQWUD HQ OD SDUWH VXU RHVWH GHO

FDQWyQ(VWDYHJHWDFLyQFXEUHHOGHODFREHUWXUDYHJHWDOQDWXUDOHVWiFRQVWLWXLGDSRU HVSHFLHVKHUEiFHDVSUHGRPLQDQWHPHQWHJUDPtQHDVTXHQRUHFLEHQFXLGDGRVDQWUySLFRV\ TXHPDQWLHQHQHOYHUGRUGHVXVKRMDVHQIRUPDFRQVWDQWHXWLOL]DGRVFRQILQHVGHSDVWRUHR HVSRUiGLFRYLGDVLOYHVWUHRSURWHFFLyQ([LVWHXQDSUROLIHUDFLyQGHHVSHFLHVKHUEiFHDVHQ VXPD\RUtDGHODIDPLOLD3RDFHDH    Pรกgina40de395


 I 

/$ 9(*(7$&,ร1 +(5%รˆ&($ 6(&$ 6H HQFXHQWUD GLVSHUVD SRU WRGR HO FDQWyQ

RFXSDQGR HO   GH OD FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO QDWXUDO HVWD YHJHWDFLyQ VH FRQVWLWX\H GH HVSHFLHVKHUEiFHDVSUHGRPLQDQWHPHQWHJUDPtQHDVTXHQRUHFLEHQFXLGDGRVDQWUySLFRV (QHOFDQWyQH[LVWHQFDVRVSDUWLFXODUHVTXHDPHULWDKDFHUpQIDVLVTXHHVHOFDVRGHXQD ]RQDGHFREHUWXUDQDWXUDOHQODTXHVHUHDOL]DQSUiFWLFDVSHFXDULDVGRQGHODDOLPHQWDFLyQ GHOJDQDGRVHEDVDHQDUEXVWRV\YHJHWDFLyQKHUEiFHDQDWXUDOWDQWRHQpSRFDVVHFDVFRPR HQpSRFDVGHOOXYLD 7$%/$1ยž$1$/,6,6&203$5$7,926'(/268626'(68(/26 8QLGDGGHXVR\FREHUWXUD

$xR



$xR

YHJHWDO



&/,56(1

+D 

+D 



'LIHUHQFLD



+D 

%RVTXH6HFR FDIp 













+XPHGDOHV FHOHVWH 













รˆUHDV$JURSHFXDULDV

















































DPDULOOR  =RQDV8UEDQDV DQDUDQMDGR  2WUDVรˆUHDV PDWRUUDOHV YHJHWDFLyQ  YHUGH 

727$/ )8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

 0$3$1ยž862<&2%(5785$'(68(/2)8(17(,((



  Pรกgina41de395


  &/,0$ (OFOLPDHVWURSLFDO\HVWiLQIOXHQFLDGRSRUORVYLHQWRVPDULQRVTXHLQJUHVDQSRUODHQVHQDGD GH&UXFLWDFRQWUDULRVDOUHFRUULGRGHOUtR3RUWRYLHMRSURYRFDQGRXQDWHPSHUDWXUDTXHRVFLOD HQWUHORVยž&\ยž&FRQXQDSUHFLSLWDFLyQSURPHGLRDQXDOGHPP (OUHJLVWURGHODHVWDFLyQPHWHRUROyJLFDGHO,1$0+,3RUWRYLHMRLQGLFDYDORUHVGHQXERVLGDG GHRFWDYRVTXHUHYHODQODDOWDQXERVLGDGH[LVWHQWHHQOD]RQDORTXHGHDOJXQDPDQHUD DWHQ~D ORV HIHFWRV GH ORV UD\RV VRODUHV VREUH OD YHJHWDFLyQ \ GLVPLQX\H OD WHPSHUDWXUD DPELHQWDO9DUJDV   H[SUHVD TXH GHELGR DO UHOLHYH GHO FDQWyQ VH LGHQWLILFDQ GRV WLSRV GHFOLPDV x

7523,&$/0(*$7e50,&26(0,รˆ5,'2 6HHQFXHQWUDHQOD]RQDEDMD\TXHVH

FDUDFWHUL]D SRU SUHFLSLWDFLRQHV QR PD\RUHV D  PPDxR SUHVHQWHV GXUDQWH OD HVWDFLyQ LQYHUQDOHQWUHORVPHVHVGHHQHURDDEULO

 x

7523,&$/ 0(*$7e50,&2 6(&2 4XH VH SUHVHQWD KDFLD OD ]RQD DOWD FRQ

SUHFLSLWDFLRQHVHQWUHORVDPPDQXDOHVGXUDQWHODPLVPDpSRFDLQYHUQDO\GRQGH HOUHVWRGHODxRVHWLHQHXQYHUDQRPX\VHFRFRQWHPSHUDWXUDVHOHYDGDV  

'e),&,7+ร‹'5,&2

'HILQLGDFRPRODYDULDEOHTXHUHVXOWDGHODFRPSDUDFLyQGHODHYDSRWUDQVSLUDFLyQSRWHQFLDO\ GH OD SUHFLSLWDFLyQ OR FXDO SHUPLWH GHWHUPLQDU SHULRGRV R YDORUHV DEVROXWRV GH GpILFLW GH DJXDSDUDHODSURYHFKDPLHQWRGHHVSHFLHVYHJHWDOHV 0$*$335$7   6H KD SRGLGR GHWHUPLQDU TXH HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH WLHQH XQ GpILFLW KtGULFR DQXDO TXH YD GHVGHORVPPKDVWDORVPP &/,56(10$*$3 7RPDQGRHQFRQVLGHUDFLyQ TXH ORV PHVHV FXDQGR ODV OOXYLDV VRQ PiV DEXQGDQWHV HV HO SHULRGR FRPSUHQGLGR HQWUHHO PHV GH HQHUR D DEULO\ HO VHJXQGR SHUtRGR GH PHQRV SUHFLSLWDFLyQ GXUDQWH ORV PHVHV GH MXQLRDGLFLHPEUH           Pรกgina42de395


 

7(0325$'$6(&$

'HILQHORVPHVHVGXUDQWHORVFXDOHVODHYDSRWUDQVSLUDFLyQSRWHQFLDO (73 HVVXSHULRUDODV SUHFLSLWDFLRQHV :LQFNHOO$HWDO HQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHOD(73HVPD\RUHQ ORV PHVHV GH PDU]R \ DEULO \ PHQRU HQ ORV PHVHV GH MXQLR D VHSWLHPEUH (Q JHQHUDO OD YDULDFLyQGH(73YDGHVGHPPDPP  'HDFXHUGRDORVGDWRVGHODHVWDFLyQPHWHRUROyJLFDTXHKDEtDHQ5RFDIXHUWHKDVWDHODxR HOFDQWyQWHQtDXQSHULRGRVHFRGHGtDVXQSHULRGRK~PHGRVHFRGHGtDV\XQ SHULRGRVHPLK~PHGRGHGtDV  

,181'$&,21(6

3DUD HO DQiOLVLV GH ODV VXVFHSWLELOLGDGHV D LQXQGDFLRQHV SRU DQHJDPLHQWR VH KDQ FRQVLGHUDGR SULQFLSDOPHQWH ORV SDUiPHWURV GH WH[WXUD GHO VXHOR \ SHQGLHQWH HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWHWHQHPRVORVVLJXLHQWHVWLSRVGHVXVFHSWLELOLGDGDLQXQGDFLRQHV  D 

686&(37,%,/,'$'$/7$$,181'$&,ร1(QSHQGLHQWHPX\VXDYHFRPSUHQGLGD

HQWUH HO  DO   HQ GHSyVLWRV FROXYLR DOXYLDOHV GRQGH HQFRQWUDPRV OLPRV DUHQDV \ DUFLOODV FRQ LQWHUFDODFLRQHV GH FDSDV GH JUDYDV \ DUHQDV OLPRVDV FDIp DPDULOOHQWDV FRQ SUHVHQFLDGHDUFLOODVFRPRVHSXHGHREVHUYDUHQOD]RQDFRVWHUD(QHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH HOGHOWHUULWRULRHVVXVFHSWLEOHDDOWDLQXQGDFLyQ  E 

686&(37,%,/,'$'0(',$$,181'$&,ร1(QSHQGLHQWHVTXHYDQGHVGHSODQDD

PX\ VXDYH FRQ YDORUHV GHVGH  DO  (Q HVWRV VHFWRUHV HQFRQWUDPRV JUDYDV GH DUHQLVFD HQ PDWUL] OLPR DUHQRVD DUFLOODV OLPRV \ DUHQDV GH JUDQR ILQR D PHGLR VXHORV XELFDGRV HQ YDOOHV GH IHUWLOLGDG QDWXUDO DOWD GHVGH SRFR SURIXQGR D PRGHUDGDPHQWH SURIXQGR (Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HO  GHO WHUULWRULR HV VXVFHSWLEOH D HVWH WLSR GH LQXQGDFLyQ  F 

686&(37,%,/,'$'%$-$(QHOFDQWyQHOGHOWHUULWRULRHVVXVFHSWLEOHDHVWH

WLSRGHLQXQGDFLyQ  G 

686&(37,%,/,'$'18/$(OGHOWHUULWRULRQRHVLQXQGDEOH\FRUUHVSRQGH

D OD ]RQD DOWD HQ HVWH WLSR WDPELpQ VH FRQVLGHUy WHUULWRULRV TXH FRUUHVSRQGHQ D iUHDV XUEDQDV PX\ GHILQLGDV HQ HVWD VH FRQVLGHUD HO SRUFHQWDMH GH QR DSOLFDEOH        Pรกgina43de395


 7$%/$1ยž'(6&5,3&,21'(,1)250$&,21&/,0$7,&$  9$5,$%/(

'(6&5,3&,21



(O FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH FRQWDED ~QLFDPHQWH FRQ XQD HVWDFLyQ PHWHRUROyJLFD XELFDGD HQ OD SDUWH FHQWUDO OD PLVPD TXH UHJLVWUD XQD  SUHFLSLWDFLyQ SURPHGLR DQXDO GH  PP 6LQ HPEDUJR VH KDQ FRQVLGHUDGRWUHVHVWDFLRQHVDGLFLRQDOHVFHUFDQDVDOFDQWyQWDOHVHOFDVR  GH ODV HVWDFLRQHV SULQFLSDOHV 5tR &KLFR 3HFKLFKH 3RUWRYLHMR \ 35(&,3,7$&,21 3RUWRYLHMR $HURSXHUWR ORFDOL]DGDV KDFLD HO VXU GHO FDQWyQ ODV PLVPDV TXHSUHVHQWDQYDORUHVGHSUHFLSLWDFLyQGHPPPP\  PPHQVXRUGHQ7DPELpQVHWRPyHQFXHQWDODHVWDFLyQH[LVWHQWHKDFLD HOVXUGHOFDQWyQ6DQ-DFLQWRODFXDODUURMDXQYDORUGHPP   7(03(5$785$



7LHQHXQDWHPSHUDWXUDTXHRVFLODHQWUHORVยž&\ยž&ORVPHVHVGH HQHUR IHEUHUR PDU]R \ DEULO VRQ ORV TXH SUHVHQWDQ HO PD\RU YDORU GH WHPSHUDWXUD PLHQWUDV TXH ORV PHVHV GH MXOLR \ DJRVWR VRQ ORV TXH SUHVHQWDQYDORUHVOLJHUDPHQWHPiVEDMRVFRQUHVSHFWRDODPHGLDDQXDO /DV YDULDFLRQHV PHQVXDOHV GH ODV WHPSHUDWXUDV QR VRQ VLJQLILFDWLYDV \D TXH VX DPSOLWXG GLIHUHQFLD HQWUH ORV YDORUHV Pi[LPRV \ PtQLPRV  HVWi HQWUHGH\ยž&

3,626 &/,0$7,&26

'H DFXHUGR D OD FODVLILFDFLyQ GH ORV SLVRV FOLPiWLFRV R SLVRV ]RRJHRJUiILFRVGHO(FXDGRUQXHVWURFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHVWiHQOD5HJLyQ 6XU \ &HQWUR GH OD &RVWD HFXDWRULDQD TXH OH FRUUHVSRQGH HO 3LVR &OLPiWLFR 7URSLFDO TXH WLHQH FRPR FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV SULQFLSDOHV DOWLWXGHV GHDPVQP\WHPSHUDWXUDPHGLDDQXDOGHยž&

+80('$'

3UHVHQWDXQDKXPHGDGHVUHODWLYDVGHO

)8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

0$3$7(03(5$785$'(/&$172152&$)8(57(

)8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'

 

 Pรกgina44de395


 0$3$,62<(7$6'(/&$172152&$)8(57(

 )8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'



 0$3$7,326'(&/,0$6'(/&$172152&$)8(57(            DFLyQ*$' )8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'

 

 Pรกgina45de395


   5(&85626125(129$%/(6 'HQWUR GHO WHUULWRULR GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VRODPHQWH H[LVWHQ SHTXHxDV iUHDV GH WHUUHQRV GRQGH VH UHDOL]D OD DFWLYLGDG PLQHUD GH PDQHUD LQIRUPDO GH ODV PLVPDV TXH VH H[WUDHQ PDWHULDO SDUD UHOOHQR FRPR HO FDVFDMR FX\RVSURSLHWDULRV QR FXHQWDQ FRQ SHUPLVR SDUD H[SORWDFLyQ DUWHVDQDO \ FLHUWDV SHTXHxDV iUHDV GRQGH VH H[WUDH DUFLOODV SDUD HODERUDU ODGULOORV (Q HO WHUULWRULR ODV FDQWHUDV GRQGH VH H[WUDH FDVFDMR DEDUFDQ  +DV ODV FXDOHV VH HQFXHQWUDQ XELFDGDV FHUFD  GH  ODV YtDV SULQFLSDOHV HQ ORV VHFWRUHV GH %XHQRV $LUHV (O 3XHEOLWR +LJXHUyQ  6RVRWH 6DQ -RVp GH ODV 3HxDV \ 7DEDFDOHV HQ HO VHFWRU GRQGH VH H[WUDHDUFLOODSDUDHODERUDFLyQGHODGULOORHVHQ(O*XDUDQJR 

7$%/$1ยž5(&85626125(129$%/(6







7LSRGH LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD

1XPHURGH FRQFHVLRQHV

6XSHUILFLH RFXSDGD +DV

2EVHUYDFLRQHV

0,1(5,$ ,/(*$/ DFWXDOPHQWHVH HVWiUHDOL]DQGR ORVWUiPLWHVGH OHJDOL]DFLyQ 

5HFXUVR

'HVFULSFLyQ













&DVFDMR

12

1RH[LVWH LQIRUPDFLyQ













$UFLOOD

12

1RH[LVWH LQIRUPDFLyQ



0,1(5,$ ,/(*$/

 3e75(2

(/$%25$'2(48,32'(3/$1,),&$&,21*$'5 



             

 Pรกgina46de395


 0$3$1ยž8%,&$&,ร1'(&$17(5$6

(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 



  5(&856261$785$/(6'(*5$'$'2  &2%(5785$9(*(7$/ )/25$ <*5$'2'(,17(59(1&,ร1 6HJ~Q (FRELRWHF   OD YHJHWDFLyQ QDWXUDO GH OD FXHQFD GHO UtR 3RUWRYLHMR DOFDQ]D XQ  GH OD VXSHUILFLH WRWDO HO  HV YHJHWDFLyQ DUEXVWLYD HO  FRUUHVSRQGH D ERVTXH LQWHUYHQLGR \ DSHQDV HO  HV PDQJODU /D JUDQ SDUWH GH OD FXHQFD VH HQFXHQWUD DOWDPHQWH LQWHUYHQLGD FRQFHQWUiQGRVH OD FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO HQ OD SDUWH DOWD GH OD FXHQFD GRQGHODGHQVLGDGSREODFLRQDOHVEDMD 3RU RWUD SDUWH HQ ODV FROLQDV \ RQGXODFLRQHV PHGLDV VH WLHQHQ LQGLVWLQWDPHQWH %RVTXHV ,QWHUYHQLGRV %L \KDFLDODFXHQFDEDMD%RVTXHV;HURItWLFRVGRQGHSUHGRPLQDQDOJDUURERV FDFWXV FHLERV \ JUDPtQHDV (VWDV iUHDV GH ODGHUDV VLJXHQ VLHQGR GHJUDGDGDV FRQ ODV TXHPDVDQXDOHVTXHKDFHQORVFDPSHVLQRVSREUHVSDUDHOFXOWLYRSULQFLSDOPHQWHGHOPDt] VLHQGRHVWD]RQDORTXHFRUUHVSRQGHDOWHUULWRULRGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH (OJUDGRGHLQWHUYHQFLyQRGHXVRGHORVVXHORVHVLQYHUVDPHQWHSURSRUFLRQDODODFREHUWXUD FRQYHJHWDFLyQQDWXUDO$VtODViUHDVFRQERVTXHVQDWXUDOHV\HQPHQRUPHGLGDHOERVTXH LQWHUYHQLGRSUHVHQWDQXQJUDGRGHXVRDJURSHFXDULRPHQRU\DOFRQWUDULRODV]RQDVGHYDOOH ]RQDFHQWUDO FRQYHJHWDFLyQDUEXVWLYDRSDVWRVSUHVHQWDQXQPD\RUGHWHULRUR (FRELRWHF  

  Pรกgina47de395


 (Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH ORV ERVTXHV VHFRV VRQ SRFR FRQRFLGRV GHVGH HO SXQWR GH YLVWD ELyWLFR \ HFROyJLFR VLQ HPEDUJR HVWiQ PX\ DPHQD]DGRV \ PDQWLHQHQ XQD LPSRUWDQFLD HFRQyPLFD SDUD JUDQGHV VHJPHQWRV GH OD SREODFLyQ UXUDO VXPLQLVWUDQGR SURGXFWRV PDGHUDEOHV\QRPDGHUDEOHVSDUDVXEVLVWHQFLD\DYHFHVSDUDODYHQWD 'HVGHKDFHPXFKRVDxRVODGHIRUHVWDFLyQGHORVERVTXHVHQHOFDQWyQVHKDPDQLIHVWDGR FRPR UHVXOWDGR GH YDULRV PRWLYRV HQWUH ORV TXH VH FLWDQ OD DPSOLDFLyQ GH OD IURQWHUD DJUtFROD ORV PRQRFXOWLYRV GH DUUR] PDt] PDQt FHEROOD SHUOD DVt FRPR UHFLHQWHPHQWH OD SODQWDFLyQGHEDOVD 2FKURPDS\UDPLGDOL  (Q QXHVWUR WHUULWRULR FDQWRQDO HVWRV ERVTXHV VH XELFDQ SUiFWLFDPHQWH HQ WRGDV ODV ]RQDV JHRJUiILFDVHVWRHVWDQWRHQFRPXQLGDGHVTXHLQWHJUDQOD]RQDDOWDFRPROD]RQDEDMD/D GLIHUHQFLDUDGLFDTXHHQOD]RQDEDMDH[LVWHODLQIOXHQFLDGHORVYLHQWRVTXHLQJUHVDQSRUOD HQVHQDGDGH&UXFLWD\HOYDOOHGHO5tR3RUWRYLHMRTXHIRUPDRWURVWLSRVHFRVLVWpPLFRVFRPR VRQ &LpQHJDV KXPHGDOHV SDVWL]DOHV QDWXUDOHV \ DUWLILFLDOHV DVt FRPR HFRVLVWHPDV DJURSHFXDULRVIRUHVWDOHVIUXWDOHVHQWUHORVSULQFLSDOHV  /D ]RQD DOWD GH 5RFDIXHUWH FRQVWLWX\H DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH HO  GHO WHUULWRULR FDQWRQDO HQ ODV FRPXQLGDGHV 'DQ]DUtQ /D /DPDU \ 2MR GH $JXD  VH XELFD XQ UHPDQHQWH GH ERVTXH VHFRSRFRLQWHUYHQLGRVHJXUDPHQWHSRUVHUSURSLHGDGGHIDPLOLDVFDPSHVLQDVGHOVHFWRUHO TXHVHKDPDQWHQLGRFDVLLQWDFWRSRUDOJXQRVFRQWH[WRVWDOHVFRPREDMDHFRQRPtDGHODV IDPLOLDV SURSLHWDULDV SRU HVWDU HQ PDQRV GH SHTXHxRV WHUUDWHQLHQWHV SRU WHQHU XQD WRSRJUDItD LUUHJXODU FRQ SHQGLHQWHV IXHUWHV DXVHQFLD GH DJXD SDUD ULHJR HQWUH ORV SULQFLSDOHV  (OGHODFREHUWXUDYHJHWDOQDWXUDOH[LVWHQWHHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVHHQFXHQWUD PHGLDQDPHQWH DOWHUDGD \ HO   VH HQFXHQWUD HQ XQ HVWDGR GH FRQVHUYDFLyQ PX\ DOWHUDGR /RV JUDGRV GH DOWHUDFLyQ GH FDGD XQLGDG GH FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO QDWXUDO FRQVLGHUDQGRHOSRUFHQWDMHGHFREHUWXUDYHJHWDOQDWXUDOVRQ x 08<$/7(5$'2 PD  x 0(',$1$1(17($/7(5$'2 P  x 32&2$/7(5$'2 S        Pรกgina48de395


 

)$81$

(QORTXHUHVSHFWDDODIDXQDVLOYHVWUHVHFRQVLGHUDTXHORVFLQFRJUXSRVGHYHUWHEUDGRV UHSRUWDGRV HQ HVWH GLDJQyVWLFR HVWiQ DPHQD]DGRV FRPR FRQVHFXHQFLD GH OD GHVWUXFFLyQ GHVXVKiELWDWVDVRFLDGRFRQODGHIRUHVWDFLyQH[SDQVLyQGHODIURQWHUDDJUtFROD\SHFXDULD DVtFRPRHOFUHFLPLHQWRSREODFLRQDO/RVVLWLRVGRQGHLGHQWLILFDPRVODVPD\RUHVDPHQD]DVD ORVHFRVLVWHPDVIDXQtVWLFRVVRQORVPiVFHUFDQRVDORVFHQWURVSREODGRVVREUHWRGRHQODV FRPXQLGDGHV UXUDOHV GRQGH OD GHQVLGDG SREODFLRQDO HV PiV DOWD SULQFLSDOPHQWH HQ ODV FRPXQLGDGHVSHUWHQHFLHQWHVDOD]RQDEDMDGHOFDQWyQ   2WUR IDFWRU GHWHUPLQDQWH GHO GHWHULRUR HFRVLVWpPLFR HV  OD FRQWDPLQDFLyQ DVRFLDGD FRQ OD JHQHUDFLyQ \ GLVSRVLFLyQ LQDGHFXDGD GH GHVHFKRV RUJiQLFRV H LQRUJiQLFRV SULQFLSDOPHQWH UHVLGXRV \ HQYDVHV GH TXtPLFRVSODJXLFLGDV 6HJXUDPHQWH HVWR DIHFWD D ODV HVSHFLHV UHODFLRQDGDVFRQDPELHQWHVDFXiWLFRVSULQFLSDOPHQWHDDYHV\DQILELRV(QHOFDVRGHORV TXtPLFRVHQYLUWXGGHORVFRPHQWDULRVGHORVSREODGRUHVGHOD]RQDHQQXHVWURFDQWyQORV DJULFXOWRUHV  XWLOL]DQ ³.DUDWH´ XQ SURGXFWR SLUHWURLGH LQVHFWLFLGD FX\R SULQFLSLR DFWLYR HV /DPEGDF\KDORWKULQDDO\GHFDWHJRUtDWR[LFROyJLFDGHJUDGR,,,PHGLDQDPHQWHWy[LFR (VWHSURGXFWRORXVDQUHJiQGRORHQHODJXDGHOUtRFKDUFDVHVWHURVFDQDOHVFLpQDJDVSDUD TXHORVSHFHVPXHUDQ\SXHGDQVHU³SHVFDGRVFRQIDFLOLGDG´ORTXHSRQHHQULHVJRODYLGD GHODVHVSHFLHVLFWLFDV\GHRWUDVDVRFLDGDVDHVWHWLSRGHDPELHQWHVSHURSULQFLSDOPHQWH ODVDOXG\ODYLGDGHTXLHQHVFRQVXPHQHVWHWLSRGHSURGXFWRV  &RPHQWDULRVGHORVDJULFXOWRUHVGHOD]RQDGH(O&HUHFLWR\(O3XHEOLWRH[SUHVDQTXHHQOD YtD TXH FRQGXFH GH 5RFDIXHUWH D 0DQWD KDQ DYLVWDGR OD SUHVHQFLD GH YHQDGRV \ TXH GH PDQHUD IXUWLYD ORV SREODGRUHV HVWiQ FD]DQGR HVWRV LQGLYLGXRV HYLGHQFLDQGR XQ GHVFRQRFLPLHQWR GH OD OH\ GH ELRGLYHUVLGDG DVt FRPR HVFDVD FXOWXUD \ VHQVLELOLGDG DPELHQWDO(QFRQFOXVLyQVHH[SUHVDTXHQRVHKDQLPSOHPHQWDGRFDPSDxDVHGXFDWLYDVQL SUR\HFWRVVXVWHQWDEOHVGHFRQVHUYDFLyQGHODIDXQDVLOYHVWUHHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH  'HELGRDODLQWHUYHQFLyQGHOVHUKXPDQRHOTXHKDFDPELDGRHOXVRGHOVXHORDPSOLDQGROD IURQWHUDDJUtFRODFDQWRQDOORTXHFRQOOHYDODWDODGHHVSHFLHVYHJHWDOHVQDWLYDVDVtFRPROD H[SDQVLyQGH]RQDVKDELWDFLRQDOHVVHKDDIHFWDGRODSUHVHQFLDGHIDXQDQDWLYDODFXDOKD PLJUDGR\GHVDSDUHFLGRGHODViUHDVQDWXUDOHV $O LJXDO TXH HO LQYHQWDULR GH OD IORUD OD IDXQD UHSRUWDGD SDUD  HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH GRFXPHQWDHQIXQFLyQGHOKiELWDWWHUUHVWUH\DFXiWLFRDVtFRPRHQLQIRUPDFLyQELEOLRJUiILFD GH ORV HVWXGLRV UHDOL]DGRV SRU %ULRQHV HW DO   &(0$35,0(6 &,$ /7'$ <

  Página49de395


 $62&,$'26  \(FRELRWHF  'HLJXDOPDQHUDVHKDFRQVLGHUDGRODVRSLQLRQHV \ FRPHQWDULRV GH ORV SREODGRUHV ORFDOHV VREUH WRGR ORV TXH KDELWDQ ODV ]RQDV UXUDOHV GHO FDQWyQ (QHOFDVRGHDQILELRVUHSWLOHVDYHV\PDPtIHURVVHGRFXPHQWDQHQODVWDEODVUHVXPHQGH LQYHQWDULR ORV HVWDGRV GH FRQVHUYDFLyQ GH HVWDV HVSHFLHV (VWRV GDWRV VH EDVDQ HQ LQIRUPDFLyQ GRFXPHQWDGD SRU HO 0LQLVWHULR GH $PELHQWH GHO (FXDGRU \ FRUUHVSRQGHQ D ODV /LVWDV5RMDVGHHVWDVHVSHFLHVHQQXHVWURSDtVDVtFRPRHQORVDSpQGLFHVOD&RQYHQFLyQ VREUHHOFRPHUFLRLQWHUQDFLRQDOGHHVSHFLHVDPHQD]DGDVGHIDXQD\IORUDVLOYHVWUHV &,7(6  \OD&RQYHQFLyQVREUHODFRQVHUYDFLyQGHHVSHFLHVPLJUDWRULDV &06   

$*8$

(OUHFXUVRDJXDHVRWURGHORVSUREOHPDVTXHWLHQHODSREODFLyQGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHWDQWR HQ FDQWLGDG FRPR HQ FDOLGDG /D ]RQD EDMD DO HVWDU DWUDYHVDGD SRU ORV UtRV 3RUWRYLHMR \ &KLFRWLHQHQDJXDGXUDQWHWRGRHODxRSHURGHELGRDODFRQWDPLQDFLyQGHORVUtRVHODJXD HVGHPDODFDOLGDGHQOD]RQDDOWDHQFDPELRVRODPHQWHWLHQHQDJXDHQpSRFDVGHLQYLHUQR \VLHOLQYLHUQRHVEXHQRSXHGHQDOPDFHQDUDJXDSDUDHOUHVWRGHODxR (OFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHVWiXELFDGRHQODFXHQFDPHGLDGHOULR3RUWRYLHMRHOPLVPRTXHKDVWD OD IHFKD VH OH KDQ UHDOL]DGR GRV HVWXGLRV GRFXPHQWDGRV VREUH HO HVWDGR DPELHQWDO GH OD FXHQFDGHO5tR3RUWRYLHMRPLVPRVTXHVRQORVVLJXLHQWHV  3ODQGH0DQHMR$PELHQWDOGHOFRUUHGRUGHOUtR3RUWRYLHMRIRUPXODGRSRUODFRQVXOWRUD &(0$35,0(6&,$/7'$<$62&,$'26\FRQWUDWDGRSRUOD8QLGDG$PELHQWDOGHO &RQVHMR3URYLQFLDOGH0DQDEt±SUR\HFWR3$75$HQHODxR  'LDJQyVWLFR$PELHQWDOGHODVFXHQFDVGHORVUtRV&KRQH\3RUWRYLHMRFRQWUDWDGRSRU OD&RUSRUDFLyQGH0DQHMR+tGULFRGH0DQDEt DFWXDOPHQWH6(1$*8$ \IRUPXODGR SRU(FRELRWHFHQHODxR $PERV GRFXPHQWRV UHVXPHQ TXH HVWDV FXHQFDV PXHVWUDQ XQ DOWR JUDGR GH LQWHUYHQFLyQ DQWURSRJpQLFD (QWUH ORV DFWRUHV TXH KDELWDQ OD FXHQFD  KD\ XQD SHUFHSFLyQ JHQHUDO GH TXHH[LVWHQSUREOHPDVFRQODFDOLGDGGHODJXD(VWDSHUFHSFLyQHVUHDO3HxDILHO 0DFtDV  \DPRVWUDURQORVQLYHOHVGHFDUJDFRQWDPLQDQWHTXHUHFLEHHOUtR'HODUHYLVLyQGH LQIRUPDFLyQ KLVWyULFD \ ORV UHVXOWDGRV GH (FRELRWHF   HV FODUR TXH H[LVWH XQD VHYHUD FRQWDPLQDFLyQ FRQ FROLIRUPHV IHFDOHV SULQFLSDOPHQWH HQ OD SDUWH EDMD GH OD FXHQFD (Q OD LQIRUPDFLyQGHOSUR\HFWR3,*6$SDUDHOSHULRGR±VHUHJLVWUDTXHFRQWLQXDPHQWH   Página50de395


 3LFRD]iWXYRORVPiVDOWRVQLYHOHVVHUHJLVWUyXQPi[LPRGH8)&POHQHQHURGH  1R REVWDQWH ODV HVWDFLRQHV FRQ PiV DOWRV QLYHOHV GH FROLIRUPHV IHFDOHV KDQ VLGR 6DQWD $QD  HVTXLQDV 3LFRD]i 5tR &KLFR (O &HLEDO \ &RUUH $JXD (Q HO HVWXGLR GH (FRELRWHF   VH FRUURERUy HVWD VLWXDFLyQ DXQTXH OD Pi[LPD FRQFHQWUDFLyQ GH FROLIRUPHVIHFDOHVVHHQFRQWUyHQ&RUUHDJXD 2WUR DJHQWH FRQWDPLQDQWH GH LPSRUWDQFLD HV HO SORPR (FRELRWHF    UHJLVWUy XQD DOWD FRQFHQWUDFLyQ HQ ORV VHGLPHQWRV GH OD UHSUHVD \ QLYHOHV PHQRUHV D OR ODUJR GHO FDXFH DXQTXH FRQ SLFRV HQ 6DQWD $QD (O &HLEDO \ HO HVWXDULR GHO UtR 3RUWRYLHMR 7DPELpQ VH HQFRQWUy SORPR HQ DJXD 1R VH OR GHWHFWy HQ HO DJXD GH OD SUHVD SHUR VL SHTXHxDV FRQFHQWUDFLRQHVDORODUJRGHOFDXFHDXQTXHFRQSLFRV TXHH[FHGHQORVQLYHOHVPi[LPRV SHUPLWLGRV HQHVTXLQDV3LFRD]i(O&HLEDO\&RUUHDJXD5HVSHFWRDODSUHVHQFLDGHHVWH PHWDOHQHOFDXFHGHO3RUWRYLHMRKD\TXHDQRWDUTXHORVQLYHOHVDOWRVHVWiQHQODSDUWHEDMD MXVWDPHQWH GRQGH HVWi OD PD\RU FRQFHQWUDFLyQ GH SREODFLyQ \ DFWLYLGDGHV KXPDQDV (V SUREDEOH TXH PDODV SUiFWLFDV GH GLVSRVLFLyQ GH UHVLGXRV HJ EDWHUtDV  \ GHVFDUJDV GH SURFHVRVLQGXVWULDOHVVHDQODFDXVDGHHVWDFRQWDPLQDFLyQ(OSORPRHVPX\SHUMXGLFLDOSDUD OD VDOXG KXPDQD SRU OR TXH GHEHQ WRPDUVH PHGLGDV SDUD HOLPLQDU ODV IXHQWHV GH FRQWDPLQDFLyQ 8Q WHUFHU FRQWDPLQDQWH LPSRUWDQWH VRQ ORV SHVWLFLGDV (FRELRWHF   UHSRUWy SHVWLFLGDV RUJDQRFORUDGRV HQ DJXD HQ OD GHVFDUJD GH 3R]D +RQGD 3LFRD]i \ (O &HLEDO \ RUJDQRIRVIRUDGRVGHQWURGHODSUHVD\HQ*XDUXPR6DQWD$QD5tR&KLFR\&RUUHDJXD(V QRWRULRTXHORVDJULFXOWRUHVDSOLFDQORVDJURTXtPLFRVGHPDQHUDDQWLWpFQLFD\VLQSURWHFFLyQ DVt FRPR WDPELpQ VH HYLGHQFLDQ EDVWDQWHV IUDVFRV UHFLSLHQWHV GH SHVWLFLGDV D OR ODUJR GH WRGRHOFDXFH (V QHFHVDULR WRPDU PHGLGDV SDUD UHGXFLU OD FDUJD FRQWDPLQDQWH UHSRUWDGD HQ HO UtR 3RUWRYLHMRSDUDORFXDOVHUHTXLHUHVLVWHPDVGHWUDWDPLHQWRGHDJXDVVHUYLGDVTXHDVHJXUHQ ODHOLPLQDFLyQGHFRQWDPLQDQWHV\XQHVWULFWRPDQHMRGHORVGHSyVLWRVGHUHVLGXRVVyOLGRV (VWRGHEHUtDFRPSOHPHQWDUVHFRQIXHUWHVFDPSDxDVGHVHQVLELOL]DFLyQFLXGDGDQD\FRQWURO SRU SDUWH GH ORV JRELHUQRV PXQLFLSDOHV  SDUD HOLPLQDU PDODV SUiFWLFDV GH GLVSRVLFLyQ GH FRQWDPLQDQWHVFRPREDWHUtDV\HQYDVHVGHDJURTXtPLFRV\DFHLWHVXVDGRV  

  Pรกgina51de395


 7$%/$1ยž5(&85621$785$/'(*5$'$'2<686&$86$6  5(&8562

'(6&5,3&,ร1'(/ 5(&8562%$-235(6,ร1

120%5(&,(17ร‹),&2

&$86$'( '(*5$'$&,ร1



%2648(6(&2 %6P 







%2648(6(&2 %6PD 

9HJHWDFLyQFDGXFLIROLD

'HIRUHVWDFLyQ



0$7255$/+80('2 0+P 

4XHPDGH&XOWLYRV



0$7255$/ 

8VR$JURSHFXDULR0HQRU

+80('2

0+PD 



0$7255$/6(&2 06P 



0$7255$/6(&2 06PD 

)/25$

9(*(7$&,21 +(5%$&($ +80('$/ 9'P 

'(

9(*(7$&,21 +(5%$&($ +80('$/ 9'PD 

'(

([SDQVLyQGHOD )URQWHUD$JUtFROD\ 3HFXDULD

9(*(7$&,21 +(5%$&($ +80('$ 9+PD  9(*(7$&,21 +(5%$&($ 6(&$ 96PD 



3(&(6&KDUDFLGDH

%U\FRQGHQWH[



(OHRWULGDH

'RUPLWDWRUODWLIURQV



&LFOLGDH

2UHRFKURPLVVS$HTXLGHQVVS



(U\WKULQLGDH

+RSOLDVVS



/HELDVLQLGDH

/HELDVLQDELPDFXODWD



5(37,/(66HUSLHQWHV





%RLGDH

%RDFRQVWULFWRU



&ROXEULGDH

2[\UKRSXVSHWRWD



9LSHULGDH

%RWKURSVDVSHU



6DXULD7HLLGDH

$PHLYDHGUDFDQWKD

7URSLGXULGDH

0LFURORSKXVRFFLSLWDOLV

,JXDQLGDH

,JXDQD

$9(63HOHFDQLIRUPH



3KDODFURFRUDFLGDH

3KDODFURFRUD[EUDVLOLDQXV

$QVHULIRUPHV$QDWLGDH

'HQGURF\JQDELFRORU

    

'HVWUXFFLyQGHVXV +iELWDWV  ([SDQVLyQGHOD )URQWHUD$JUtFROD\ 3HFXDULD  &UHFLPLHQWR3REODFLRQDO  &RQWDPLQDFLyQDVRFLDGD FRQODGLVSRVLFLyQ LQDGHFXDGDGHGHVHFKRV RUJiQLFRVHLQRUJiQLFRV 

  Pรกgina52de395


 &LFRQLLIRUPHV







$QDVGLVFRUV(JUHWWDWKXOD



(JUHWWDDOED$UGHDFRFRL



1\FWLRFRUD[QLFWLRFRUD[



7LJULVRPDOLQHDWXP

)$81$

$UGHLGDH

%XWRULGHVVWULDWXV&DWKDUWLGDH %XEXOFXVLELV&RUDJ\SVDWUDWXV 0HVHPEULQLELVVS 7KUHVNLRUQLWKLGDH&RUDJ\SV DWUDWXV

)DOFRQLIRUPHV$FFLSLWULGDH

3DQGLRQKDOLDHWXV%XWHRJDOOXV 6S

*UXLIRUPHV

3RUSK\UXODPDUWLQLFD

5DOOLGDH

*DOOLQXOD&KORURSXV

&KDUDGULLIRUPHV

-DFDQLGDHMDFDQD

&KDUDGULLGDH

&KDUDGULXVVS

&ROXPELIRUPHV

 &ROXPEDOLYLD&ROXPELD FUX]LDQD

&ROXPELGDH

&ROXPELQDSDVVHULQD =HQDLGDDXULFXODWD\DVLDWLFD

3VLWWDFLIRUPHV

)RUSXVFRHOHVWLV

3VLWWDFLGDH

%URWRJHULVVS3LRQXV PHQVWUXXV

$UDWLQJDVS

)RUSXVFRHOHVWLV%URWRJHULVVS 3LRQXVPHQVWUXXV$UDWLQJDVS

&XFXOLIRUPHV&XFXOLGDH

&URWRSKDJDDQL

7\WRQLGDH

7\WRDOED

&RUDFLIRUPHV0RPRWLGDH

0RPRWDPRPRWD

$OFHGLQLGDH $SRGLIRUPHV 7URFKLOLGDH

&KORURFHU\OHLQGD $PD]LOLDDPD]LOLD

  Pรกgina53de395


 3DVHULIRUPHV



7\UDQQ\GDH

)OXYLFRODQHQJHWD

+LUXQGLQLGDH

$WWLFRUDIDVFLDWD

7KUDXSLGDH

'LJORVVRSLVVS

)XUQDULGDH

)XUQDULXVVS ,FWHUXVVS&DFLFXVFHOD

,FWHULGDH

'LYHVZDUV]HZLF]L

0LPLGDH

0LPXVORQJLFDXGDWXV



'HVFDUJDVGH$$66

&XHQFD0HGLDGHO5tR3RUWRYLHMR



'HVHFKRV\DJURTXtPLFRV DOUtR



  $JXD

6LVWHPDV)OXYLDOHVWHPSRUDOHV FRPRODPLFURFXHQFDGH2MRGH $JXDHVWHURV'DQ]DUtQ *XDUDQJR



/DYDGRGHYHKtFXORV\ GHVFDUJDVGHDFHLWHVDO UtR 3ORPR



,QXQGDFLRQHV

5tRV5LDFKXHORV<%DOQHDULRV 'H$JXD'XOFH

&RQWDPLQDFLyQDVRFLDGD FRQODGLVSRVLFLyQ LQDGHFXDGDGHGHVHFKRV RUJiQLFRVHLQRUJiQLFRV



0DQHMRLQDGHFXDGRGH H[FUHWDV



$JXDVHVWDQFDGDV



3ROYR



4XHPDGHYHJHWDFLyQ



&KDQFKHUDVGHQWURGHOD ]RQDXUEDQD

 รˆUHDVQDWXUDOHVTXHQRKDQVLGR GHFODUDGDVFRPRSURWHJLGDV





$LUH

)XPLJDFLyQFRQ DJURTXtPLFRV 0H]FODGH$$66FRQ $$// 3DUWtFXODVHPLWLGDVSRU SLODGRUDV\DVHUUtRV 'HVLQWHJUDFLyQGHODV EDWHUtDV 'LVSRVLFLyQLQDGHFXDGD GHGHVHFKRVRUJiQLFRVH LQRUJiQLFRV

)8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

  Pรกgina54de395


 0$3$1ยž6,67(0$6)25(67$/(6'(*5$'$'26 

             )8(17(,(( 



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'



 ,03$&726<1,9(/(6'(&217$0,1$&,ร1(1(/(172512$0%,(17$/ /D FDOLGDG DPELHQWDO SXHGH GHILQLUVH FRPR OD ยณFDSDFLGDG UHODWLYD GH XQ DPELHQWH SDUD VDWLVIDFHUODVQHFHVLGDGHV\GHVHRVGHXQLQGLYLGXRRGHXQDVRFLHGDG(VWHFRQFHSWRWLHQH LPSOLFDFLRQHV UHODWLYDV D OD LQWHJULGDG \ HYROXFLyQ GHO DPELHQWH HQ XQ iUHD GHWHUPLQDGD FRQVLGHUDQGR VXV GLVWLQWRV FRPSRQHQWHV PHGLR ItVLFR PHGLR ELyWLFR PHGLR SHUFHSWXDO PHGLRVRFLRHFRQyPLFR\PHGLRKLVWyULFRSDWULPRQLDO 3RUWDQWRODQRFLyQGHFDOLGDGDPELHQWDOSXHGHUHIHULUVH\DVHDDDVSHFWRVSDUFLDOHVFRPR VRQ HO JUDGR GH FDOLGDG R SXUH]D GH FRPSRQHQWHV DPELHQWDOHV DLUH DJXD VXHOR IORUD IDXQD SDLVDMHV YLVWDV X RWURV  R D DVSHFWRV KROtVWLFRV GHO DPELHQWH HQ WpUPLQRV GH HTXLOLEULRPDGXUH]HVWDELOLGDG\GHVDUUROORDUPyQLFRGHORVHFRVLVWHPDV /D FDOLGDG DPELHQWDO HVWi HVWUHFKDPHQWH OLJDGD D OD FDOLGDG GH YLGD \ DO GHVDUUROOR VXVWHQWDEOH SXHV WLHQH HIHFWRV VREUH OD VDOXG \ HO ELHQHVWDU GH ODV SUHVHQWHV \ IXWXUDV JHQHUDFLRQHV QR VyOR UHIHULGD D ORV VHUHV KXPDQRV VLQR WDPELpQ D ODV GHPiV IRUPDV GH YLGD\DVXGLYHUVLGDGDVtFRPRDODQDWXUDOH]DPLVPD\DODPELHQWHHQJHQHUDO (O PDUFR IXQGDPHQWDO GH OD SROtWLFD GH FDOLGDG DPELHQWDO HQ HO (FXDGRU HV OD &RQVWLWXFLyQ 3ROtWLFD GHO (VWDGR TXH UHFRQRFH D ODV SHUVRQDV HO GHUHFKR D YLYLU HQ XQ DPELHQWH VDQR   Pรกgina55de395


 HFROyJLFDPHQWH HTXLOLEUDGR \ OLEUH GH FRQWDPLQDFLyQ GHFODUD GH LQWHUpV S~EOLFR OD SUHVHUYDFLyQGHOPHGLRDPELHQWHODFRQVHUYDFLyQGHORVHFRVLVWHPDVODELRGLYHUVLGDG\OD LQWHJULGDG GHO SDWULPRQLR JHQpWLFR GHO SDtV HVWDEOHFH XQ VLVWHPD QDFLRQDO GH iUHDV QDWXUDOHVSURWHJLGDV\JDUDQWL]DDVtXQGHVDUUROORVXVWHQWDEOH (QFRQVRQDQFLDFRQORVSUHFHSWRVFRQVWLWXFLRQDOHVOD/H\GH*HVWLyQ$PELHQWDOHVWDEOHFH ORVSULQFLSLRV\GLUHFWULFHVGHODSROtWLFDDPELHQWDOUHJXODODJHVWLyQDPELHQWDO\HVWDEOHFHHO 6LVWHPD 'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR GH *HVWLyQ $PELHQWDO FRPR XQ PHFDQLVPR GH FRRUGLQDFLyQ WUDQVHFWRULDOLQWHUDFFLyQ\FRRSHUDFLyQHQWUHORVGLVWLQWRViPELWRVVLVWHPDV\VXEVLVWHPDV GH PDQHMR DPELHQWDO \ GH JHVWLyQ GH UHFXUVRV QDWXUDOHV GHO VHFWRU S~EOLFR  $GHPiV HVWDEOHFH TXH ยณ(O FRQWURO GH OD FDOLGDG DPELHQWDO WLHQH SRU REMHWR SUHYHQLU OLPLWDU \ HYLWDU DFWLYLGDGHVTXHJHQHUHQHIHFWRVQRFLYRV\SHOLJURVRVSDUDODVDOXGKXPDQDRGHWHULRUHQHO PHGLRDPELHQWH\ORVUHFXUVRVQDWXUDOHV (V LPSRUWDQWH VHxDODU TXH WRGD DFWLYLGDG GH GHVDUUROOR SURGXFH LPSDFWRV DPELHQWDOHV HV GHFLU SpUGLGD R JDQDQFLD GH FDOLGDG DPELHQWDO VHJ~Q ORV LPSDFWRV VHDQ SRVLWLYRV R QHJDWLYRV UHVSHFWLYDPHQWH  6LQ HPEDUJR WDOHV LPSDFWRV QR DIHFWDQ GH PRGR VLPLODU D TXLHQHV VH EHQHILFLDQ R QR GH WDO DFWLYLGDG GH GHVDUUROOR SRU HO FRQWUDULR WDOHV LPSDFWRV DIHFWDQQRUPDOPHQWHDODFDOLGDGDPELHQWDOGHORFDOLGDGHVHVSHFtILFDV\SRUWDQWRDVXMHWRV VRFLDOHVHVSHFtILFRVTXHQRQHFHVDULDPHQWHVRQEHQHILFLDULRVGHGLFKDDFWLYLGDG 'HELGRDODOWRJUDGRGHLQWHUYHQFLyQDOTXHKDQHVWDGRVRPHWLGRVODFXHQFDKLGURJUiILFDGHO ULR3RUWRYLHMR LQFOXLGRHO+XPHGDO(O7DEDFDO DVtFRPRORVERVTXHVVHFRVGHOFDQWyQOD ELRGLYHUVLGDG WDQWR YHJHWDO FRPR DQLPDO KD LGR JUDGXDOPHQWH GHVDSDUHFLHQGR VLQ HPEDUJRQRVHGLVSRQHQUHJLVWURVFLHQWtILFRVTXHFRUURERUHQHVWDKLSyWHVLV\OR~QLFDPHQWH FRQILDEOH VRQ ORV FRPHQWDULRV SHUVRQDOHV GH ORV KDELWDQWHV OD ]RQD HVSHFLDOPHQWH GH ORV DGXOWRVPD\RUHVFRQTXLHQHVVHKDFRQVXOWDGRVREUHHVWDVLWXDFLyQ  /DSpUGLGDGHHVWHFDSLWDOQDWXUDOFRPRFRQVHFXHQFLDGHODH[SDQVLyQHQODRFXSDFLyQGHO WHUULWRULR SDUD GHVDUUROODU DFWLYLGDGHV DJURSHFXDULDV \ IRUHVWDOHV QR VXVWHQWDEOHV KD IUDJPHQWDGR ORV ERVTXHV \ GHPiV HFRVLVWHPDV QDWXUDOHV OR TXH VLJQLILFD XQD JUDYH FRQGLFLyQ GH GHWHULRUR GH VXV IXQFLRQHV EiVLFDV FRPR VRQ OD SURYLVLyQ GH DJXD \ OD SXULILFDFLyQGHODLUH3RUVXSDUWHHOUHFXUVRDJXDHVWiVLHQGRLQWHQVDPHQWHGHJUDGDGRSRU ODV GHVFDUJDV GRPpVWLFDV FODQGHVWLQDV TXH VH PDQLILHVWDQ GHVGH OD FXHQWD DOWD GHO ULR 3RUWRYLHMR DVt FRPR SRU HO PDQHMR LQDGHFXDGR GH ORV GHVHFKRV VyOLGRV SHOLJURVRV \ QR SHOLJURVRV SULQFLSDOPHQWH HPEDFHV GH SODJXLFLGDV TXH VRQ GLVHPLQDGRV HQ ORV FXHUSRV KtGULFRVSURGXFWRGHOGHILFLHQWHPDQHMRGHORVVLVWHPDVGHHYDFXDFLyQTXHFRQWDPLQDQUtRV   Pรกgina56de395


 YHUWLHQWHV\DJXDVVXEWHUUiQHDV/RDQWHULRUPHQWHPDQLIHVWDGRGHPXHVWUDTXHHQJHQHUDO ORVKDELWDQWHVGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHSUHVHQWDQHVFDVDVHQVLELOL]DFLyQ\FXOWXUDDPELHQWDO OR TXH VH WUDGXFH HQ XQD FDOLGDG DPELHQWDO GHWHULRUDGD H[SUHVDGD HQ QLYHOHV GH SREUH]D HYLGHQWHVHVWUHFKDPHQWHOLJDGDVDODDFWXDOFDOLGDGGHYLGDGHODSREODFLyQHYLGHQFLDGDSRU XQ GHVDUUROOR VXVWHQWDEOH OLPLWDGR FRQ HIHFWRV VREUH OD VDOXG \ HO ELHQHVWDU QR VROR GH ORV VHUHVKXPDQRVVLQRWDPELpQDODVGHPiVIRUPDVGHYLGD\DVXGLYHUVLGDGDVtFRPRDOD QDWXUDOH]DPLVPD\HODPELHQWHHQJHQHUDO (Q PD\R GHO  OD PXQLFLSDOLGDG GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH FRQ DVLVWHQFLD WpFQLFD GH )XQGDFLyQ1DWXUD\HODSR\RORJtVWLFRGHHVWXGLDQWHVGHOD8QLGDG(GXFDWLYD6DQ)UDQFLVFR GH 6DOHV UHDOL]R XQ GLDJQyVWLFR GH OD SUREOHPiWLFD DPELHQWDO GH OD FLXGDG GH 5RFDIXHUWH 'H ODV HQFXHVWDV UHDOL]DGDV D OD SREODFLyQ XUEDQD GH 5RFDIXHUWH VH GHWHUPLQD TXH ORV SUREOHPDV GH FDOLGDG DPELHQWDO VRQ DLUH JHQHUDGRV SRU PDORV RORUHV SROYR TXHPD GH GHVHFKRV EDVXUD\UXLGRWDOFRPRVHSXHGHYHUHQHOVLJXLHQWHJUiILFR *5$),&21ยž352%/(0$6'(&$/,'$'$0%,(17$/35,25,=$'26325/$ 32%/$&,ร1(1&8(67$'$=21$85%$1$

3UREOHPDVDPELHQWDOHV

5XLGR  $LUH  %DVXUD 

 )8(17(3/$1'(0(-25$0,(172$0%,(17$/'(/$&,8'$''(52&$)8(57( )81'1$785$

   Pรกgina57de395


 7$%/$1ยž352%/(0$6'(,03$&726<1,9(/'(&217$0,1$&,21 (1(/(172512$0%,(17$/(1(/&$17ร152&$)8(57( 5(&8562  $*8$

,03$&72

$&7,9,'$'

0XHUWH(QIHUPHGDGHV HQJHQHUDO

'HVFDUJDVGHDJXDVVHUYLGDV GHVHFKRV\DJURTXtPLFRVDOUtR )DOWDGHFRQFLHQFLDFLXGDGDQD

$JXDQRDSWDSDUDHO FRQVXPRKXPDQR

1,9(/'( $)(&7$&,21

 $/7$

/DYDGRGHYHKtFXORV\GHVFDUJDVGH DFHLWHVDOUtR ,QXQGDFLRQHV





0DQHMRLQDGHFXDGRGHH[FUHWDV



$IHFWDFLyQVDOXGGHODV SHUVRQDV

$JXDVHVWDQFDGDV

 $,5( 

(QIHUPHGDGHV EURQFRSXOPRQDUHV SUREOHPDVGHYLVLyQ FRQWDPLQDFLyQGHOD VDQJUH

 

3ROYREDVXUD 4XHPDGHYHJHWDFLyQ &KDQFKHUDVGHQWURGHOSHUtPHWUR XUEDQR

 0(',$

)XPLJDFLyQFRQDJURTXtPLFRV SHUMXGLFLDOHVSDUDODVDOXG

 58,'2 $OWHUDFLyQGHOVLVWHPD QHUYLRVR

0H]FODGHDJXDVVHUYLGDVFRQ DJXDVOOXYLDV\H[FUHWDVHQpSRFDV GHOOXYLDV

3pUGLGDGHFDSDFLGDG DXGLWLYD

3DUWtFXODVHPLWLGDVSRUSLODGRUDV\ DVHUUtRV

'HWHULRURGHUHODFLRQHV VRFLDOHV IDPLOLDUHV 

'HVLQWHJUDFLyQGHODVEDWHUtDV 5XLGRYHKLFXODU 7UiQVLWRGHVRUGHQDGR 0~VLFDGRPLFLOLDULD ,UUHVSRQVDELOLGDGFLXGDGDQD )DOWDGHRUGHQDQ]DPXQLFLSDO

 68(/2 %$685$ 

(QIHUPHGDGHV WLIRLGHD LQWHVWLQDOHV

&yOHUD )DOWDGHFRODERUDFLyQGHOD DOpUJLFDV FLXGDGDQtD 5HFRUULGRVLUUHJXODUHV GtDV\ KRUDULRV GHOFDUURUHFROHFWRU

 

  Pรกgina58de395


 

7HUUHQRVEDOGtRVHQGRQGHVHDUURMD EDVXUD

$*5248, 0,&26 

 0(',$

,QWR[LFDFLyQ

)DOWDGHFDSDFLWDFLyQ

(QIHUPHGDGHVPRUWDOHV

$SDULFLyQGHSODJDVUHVLVWHQWHV

3UHVHQWDFLyQ HQJDxRVD (OHYDGRVFRVWRVGHORVLQVXPRV GHOSURGXFWR SDUDODDJULFXOWXUD 3UHFLRVGHORVSURGXFWRVDJUtFRODV EDMRV )DOWD

GH

FRQFLHQFLD

GH

ORV

DJULFXOWRUHV 

  (&26,67(0$6)5รˆ*,/(6<35,25,'$'(6'(&216(59$&,ร1  (QHOWHUULWRULRGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHQRH[LVWHQiUHDVTXHSHUWHQH]FDQDO6LVWHPD1DFLRQDO GHรˆUHDV3URWHJLGDVGHO(FXDGRUVLQHPEDUJRHVSDUWHGHO%RVTXH3URWHFWRUGHODFXHQFD GHO ULR 3RUWRYLHMR (VWRV PHGLRV VRQ SRFR FRQRFLGRV GHVGH HO SXQWR GH YLVWD ELyWLFR \ HFROyJLFR VH KDQ UHDOL]DGR GLDJQyVWLFRV DPELHQWDOHV SXQWXDOHV HQ OR FRUUHVSRQGLHQWH D OD FXHQFDGHO5LR3RUWRYLHMR\HQHO+XPHGDO(O7DEDFDO &RQ UHVSHFWR D ODV รˆUHDV 3URWHJLGDV SRU *RELHUQRV 6HFFLRQDOHV $3*6  DVt PLVPR OD &RQVWLWXFLyQ3ROtWLFDGHO(FXDGRUHQVXDUWtFXORODVLQFRUSRUDFRPRSDUWHGHO6LVWHPD 1DFLRQDO GH รˆUHDV 3URWHJLGDV FRQ HO QRPEUH GH 6XEVLVWHPD GH ORV *RELHUQRV $XWyQRPRV 'HVFHQWUDOL]DGRV OR FXDO GD UHOHYDQFLD D ODV LQLFLDWLYDV GH FRQVHUYDFLyQ TXH SDUWDQ GHVGH ORV JRELHUQRV ORFDOHV \D TXH VHUiQ GLFKRV HQWHV TXLHQHV SRGUiQ GHFODUDUODV FRPR iUHDV SURWHJLGDVHPSHURVXLQFRUSRUDFLyQDO61$3GHSHQGHUiGHO0LQLVWHULRGHO$PELHQWHFRPR OD $XWRULGDG $PELHQWDO 1DFLRQDO $$1  VREUH OD EDVH GH ORV HVWXGLRV GH DOWHUQDWLYDV GH PDQHMRSUHVHQWDGRVSRUORVLQWHUHVDGRVODDGPLQLVWUDFLyQ\PDQHMRGHGLFKDViUHDVFRUUHUi SRUFXHQWDGHORVJRELHUQRVVHFFLRQDOHV (O3ODQ(VWUDWpJLFRGHO6LVWHPD1DFLRQDOGHรˆUHDV3URWHJLGDV 61$3 FRQWHPSODGRSDUDHO SHULRGR    GHILQH FODUDPHQWH OD FRQYHQLHQFLD GH TXH HO 61$3 LQWHJUH ORV LQWHUHVHV GH FRQVHUYDFLyQ GH ORV JRELHUQRV VHFFLRQDOHV GH ODV FRPXQLGDGHV LQGtJHQDV \ SXHEORV $IURHFXDWRULDQRV DVt FRPR GH SURSLHWDULRV SULYDGRV \ GH OD IDFWLELOLGDG GH

  Pรกgina59de395


 DGPLQLVWUDUORV\PDQHMDUORV 61$3 (QWDOVHQWLGRVHSURSRQHHOHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRGH ORVVLJXLHQWHVVXEVLVWHPDV 9 9 9 9

6XEVLVWHPDFRQIRUPDGRSRUHO3DWULPRQLRGHรˆUHDV1DWXUDOHVGHO(VWDGR 3$1(  6XEVLVWHPDGHรˆUHDV3URWHJLGDVGH*RELHUQRV6HFFLRQDOHV $3*6  6XEVLVWHPDGHรˆUHDV3URWHJLGDV&RPXQLWDULDV,QGtJHQDV\$IURHFXDWRULDQDV $3&  6XEVLVWHPDGHรˆUHDV3URWHJLGDV3ULYDGDV $335, 

%DVDGRVHQHVWHFXHUSROHJDOHO*RELHUQR0XQLFLSDOGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHFRQVLGHUDQGR ODRSLQLyQFLXGDGDQDSUHWHQGHHQHOFRUWRSOD]RLQFOXLUYDULDViUHDVGHLPSRUWDQFLDHFROyJLFD HQ ORV VXEVLVWHPDV DQWHV GHVFULWRV VLQ HPEDUJR HVWR HV XQ SURFHVR GH LQYHVWLJDFLyQ \ MXVWLILFDFLyQ TXH VH GHEH HPSUHQGHU FRPR SDVR SUHYLR D ORJUDU HVWRV REMHWLYRV /DV iUHDV YLVXDOL]DGDV LPSRUWDQWHV GHVGH HO SXQWR GH YLVWD HFROyJLFR VH GHVFULEHQ HQ OD VLJXLHQWH PDWUL] 7$%/$1ยž(&26,67(0$6)5รˆ*,/(6<35,25,'$'(6'(&216(59$&,21 '(/&$172152&$)8(57( (&26,67(0$

(;7(16,21

35,25,'$''(

+$6

&216(59$&,21



$/7$



$/7$



0(',$







$/7$

%RVTXHV VHFRV GH OD ]RQD DOWD GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH LQFOXLGR2MRGH$JXD  +XPHGDO(O7DEDFDO %RVTXHVHFRGHOD]RQDEDMDGHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VHFWRUGHODYtD5RFDIXHUWHยฑ 0DQWD  &XHQFD GH ORV 5tRV 3RUWRYLHMR \ &KLFR FRPR SDUWH GH XQD PDQFRPXQLGDG FRQ ORV GHPiV FDQWRQHV LQYROXFUDGRV WHUULWRULDOPHQWH HQ HVWH HFRVLVWHPD  )8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

    

  Pรกgina60de395


 0$3$1ยž(&26,67(0$6)5$*,/(6

)8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'



 352325&,ร1  < 683(5),&,( '( 7(55,725,2 &217,1(17$/ %$-2 &216(59$&,ร120$1(-2$0%,(17$/   $5($6'(&216(59$&,ร1 (QHOWHUULWRULRGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHQRH[LVWHQiUHDVTXHSHUWHQH]FDQDO6LVWHPD1DFLRQDO GH รˆUHDV 3URWHJLGDV GHO (FXDGRU VLQ HPEDUJR GHQWUR GH OD FXHQFD GHO 5tR 3RUWRYLHMR H[LVWHQWUHVERVTXHVSURWHFWRUHV%RVTXHSURWHFWRUGHOD&XHQFDGHO5tR3RUWRYLHMR%RVTXH 3URWHFWRU &HUUR 3RUWRYLHMR \ 0DQJODUHV GHO HVWXDULR GHO UtR 3RUWRYLHMR %3 0DQJODU GH ODV *LOFHV  'HORVERVTXHVDQWHULRUPHQWHFLWDGRVHV%RVTXHSURWHFWRUGHOD&XHQFDGHOUtR3RUWRYLHMR HV HO TXH FRUUHVSRQGH DO WHUULWRULR FDQWRQDO GH 5RFDIXHUWH HO PLVPR TXH IXH FUHDGR SRU 'HFUHWR 6XSUHPR  \ SXEOLFDGR HQ HO 5HJLVWUR 2ILFLDO 1R  GHO  GH MXQLR GH  WLHQH XQD H[WHQVLyQ GH  NP \ VX iUHD LQIOX\H VREUH OD UHSUHVD 3R]D +RQGD \ WRGD OD FXHQFDGHOUtR3RUWRYLHMR 2WUDViUHDVGHFRQVHUYDFLyQTXHUHYLVWHQLPSRUWDQFLDHFROyJLFDHQQXHVWURFDQWyQVRQ   Pรกgina61de395


 D 

%2648(66(&26

/RV ERVTXHV VHFRV VRQ GHILQLGRV FRPR ODV IRUPDFLRQHV YHJHWDOHV GRQGH OD SUHFLSLWDFLyQ DQXDOHVPHQRUDPPFRQXQDWHPSRUDGDVHFDGHDOPHQRVFLQFRDVHLVPHVHVHQ TXHODSUHFLSLWDFLyQWRWDOL]DPHQRVGHPP&RQVHFXHQWHPHQWHORVSURFHVRVHFROyJLFRV VRQ PDUFDGDPHQWH HVWDFLRQDOHV \ OD SURGXFWLYLGDG SULPDULD QHWD HV PHQRU TXH HQ ORV ERVTXHV K~PHGRV SRUTXH VyOR VH GD HQ OD WHPSRUDGD GH OOXYLDV (VWRV ERVTXHV DGHPiV VRQGHPHQRUDOWXUD\iUHDEDVDOTXHORVERVTXHVWURSLFDOHVK~PHGRV 0RRQ\HWDO /LQDUHV3DORPLQR D E  (VWRV ERVTXHV VHFRV DOEHUJDQ UHPDQHQWHV GH LPSRUWDQFLDJOREDOSDUDODFRQVHUYDFLyQFRQHVSHFLHV\KiELWDWV~QLFRV\VHFRQVWLWX\HFRPR XQHFRVLVWHPDFODYHTXHVRVWLHQHODYLGDSURGXFWLYDGHODPD\RUtDGHORVKDELWDQWHVFRPR JHQHUDGRUDGHDJXDSDUDULHJRDJUtFROD\SRWDELOL]DFLyQ/RViUEROHVVHFDUDFWHUL]DQSRUVHU FDGXFLIROLRVHVGHFLUTXHSLHUGHQVXVKRMDVGXUDQWHODWHPSRUDGDVHFD'HDFXHUGRFRQHO 0DSD %LRFOLPiWLFR GHO (FXDGRU HODERUDGR SRU &DxDGDV   H[LVWHQ GRV HFRVLVWHPDV UHSUHVHQWDGRVSRUODVVLJXLHQWHV]RQDVGHYLGD x %RVTXH PX\ VHFR WURSLFDO EPV7 ; GH YHJHWDFLyQ FDGXFLIROLD FRQ GRV HVWDFLRQHV PX\PDUFDGDVSUHFLSLWDFLRQHVGHVGHILQHVGH'LFLHPEUHDLQLFLRVGH$EULOHVGHFLU XQD VROD pSRFD GH OOXYLDV FRQ XQD SUHFLSLWDFLyQ PHGLD DQXDO PD\RU D ORV  PP SHURLQIHULRUDORVPP/DHOHYDFLyQYDGHVGHDPVQP x %RVTXH 6HFR 7URSLFDO EV7  SRVHH XQ UpJLPHQ VXEQXEODGR FRQ HVWDFLRQHV GH LQYLHUQR /RV iUEROHV GHO GRVHO VXSHULRU VRQ GHFLGXRV SRU VHTXtD ODV KHUEiFHDV IRUPDQ XQ SREUH HVWUDWR /D HVWDFLyQ OOXYLRVD YD GH (QHUR D $EULO OD SUHFLSLWDFLyQ SURPHGLR\PP/DHOHYDFLyQYDGHVGHORVPVQPKDVWDODFRWDP 3RU HVWDU XELFDGRV HQ ]RQDV UHODWLYDPHQWH SREODGDV PXFKDV YHFHV HQ VXHORV DSWRV SDUD FXOWLYRV KDQ VLGR PX\ LQWHUYHQLGRV \ GHVWUXLGRV PXFKR PiV TXH ORV ERVTXHV K~PHGRV -DQ]HQ   /D VLWXDFLyQ GHVFULWD SRU -DQ]HQ   QR HV GLIHUHQWH HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWHGRQGHVXVERVTXHVVHFRVVRQSRFRFRQRFLGRVGHVGHHOSXQWRGHYLVWDELyWLFR\ HFROyJLFR VLQ HPEDUJR HVWiQ PX\ DPHQD]DGRV \ PDQWLHQHQ XQD LPSRUWDQFLD HFRQyPLFD SDUD JUDQGHV VHJPHQWRV GH OD SREODFLyQ UXUDO VXPLQLVWUDQGR SURGXFWRV PDGHUDEOHV \ QR PDGHUDEOHVSDUDVXEVLVWHQFLD\DYHFHVSDUDODYHQWD 'HVGHKDFHPXFKRVDxRVODGHIRUHVWDFLyQGHORVERVTXHVHQHOFDQWyQVHKDPDQLIHVWDGR FRPR UHVXOWDGR GH YDULRV PRWLYRV HQWUH ORV TXH VH FLWDQ  /D DPSOLDFLyQ GH OD IURQWHUD DJUtFROD ORV PRQRFXOWLYRV GH DUUR] PDt] PDQt FHEROOD SHUOD DVt FRPR UHFLHQWHPHQWH OD SODQWDFLyQGHEDOVD 2FKURPDS\UDPLGDOL    Pรกgina62de395


 (Q QXHVWUR WHUULWRULR FDQWRQDO HVWRV ERVTXHV VH XELFDQ SUiFWLFDPHQWH HQ WRGDV ODV ]RQDV JHRJUiILFDVHVWRHVWDQWRHQFRPXQLGDGHVTXHLQWHJUDQOD]RQDDOWDFRPROD]RQDEDMD/D GLIHUHQFLDUDGLFDTXHHQOD]RQDEDMDH[LVWHODLQIOXHQFLDGHORVYLHQWRVTXHLQJUHVDQSRUOD HQVHQDGDGH&UXFLWD\HOYDOOHGHO5tR3RUWRYLHMRTXHIRUPDRWURVWLSRVHFRVLVWpPLFRVFRPR VRQ FLpQHJDV KXPHGDOHV SDVWL]DOHV QDWXUDOHV \ DUWLILFLDOHV DVt FRPR HFRVLVWHPDV DJURSHFXDULRVIRUHVWDOHVIUXWDOHVHQWUHORVSULQFLSDOHV /D ]RQD DOWD GH 5RFDIXHUWH FRQVWLWX\H DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH HO  GHO WHUULWRULR FDQWRQDO HQ ODV FRPXQLGDGHV 'DQ]DUtQ /D /DPDU \ 2MR GH $JXD  VH XELFD XQ UHPDQHQWH GH ERVTXH VHFRSRFRLQWHUYHQLGRVHJXUDPHQWHSRUVHUSURSLHGDGGHIDPLOLDVFDPSHVLQDVGHOVHFWRUHO TXHVHKDPDQWHQLGRFDVLLQWDFWRSRUDOJXQRVFRQWH[WRVWDOHVFRPREDMDHFRQRPtDGHODV IDPLOLDV SURSLHWDULDV SRU HVWDU HQ PDQRV GH SHTXHxRV WHUUDWHQLHQWHV SRU WHQHU XQD WRSRJUDItD LUUHJXODU FRQ SHQGLHQWHV IXHUWHV DXVHQFLD GH DJXD SDUD ULHJR HQWUH ORV SULQFLSDOHV E 

+80('$/(6

8Q+XPHGDOHVXQD]RQDGHWLHUUDVJHQHUDOPHQWHSODQDVHQODTXHODVXSHUILFLHVHLQXQGD SHUPDQHQWH R LQWHUPLWHQWHPHQWH $O FXEULUVH UHJXODUPHQWH GH DJXD HO VXHOR VH VDWXUD TXHGDQGR GHVSURYLVWR GH R[tJHQR \ GDQGR OXJDU D XQ HFRVLVWHPD KtEULGR HQWUH ORV SXUDPHQWHDFXiWLFRV\ORVWHUUHVWUHV /RV KXPHGDOHV RIUHFHQ XQD QRWDEOH FRQWULEXFLyQ D QXHVWUD FDOLGDG GH YLGD \ VLQ GXGD D QXHVWUD VXSHUYLYHQFLD 6RQ XQD LPSRUWDQWH IXHQWH GH SURGXFFLyQ SULPDULD \ GH R[tJHQR FDSWXUDQ &2 SURSRUFLRQDQ DJXD OLPSLD FRQVWLWX\HQ XQD DEXQGDQWH IXHQWH GH DOLPHQWRV PHGLFDPHQWRVFRPEXVWLEOH\PDWHULDOHVGHFRQVWUXFFLyQDVtFRPRGHWLQWHVWDQLQRFXHUR DFHLWHV\UHVLQDV $OFRQWUDULRGHORTXHVHSLHQVDXQKXPHGDOHQEXHQHVWDGRGHFRQVHUYDFLyQSXHGHVHUYLU SDUDOLPSLDUORVVHGLPHQWRV\VXVWDQFLDVWy[LFDVGHODJXD/RV HFRVLVWHPDVGHKXPHGDOHV GHVHPSHxDQ XQ SDSHO FODYH SDUD OD VXSHUYLYHQFLD GH SHFHV \ IDXQD DFXiWLFD TXH FUtD R DQLGDHQHOORVFRQVWLWX\HQDVtPLVPR]RQDVGHGHVFDQVRDOLPHQWDFLyQ\UHSURGXFFLyQGH DYHV\RWUDVHVSHFLHVPLJUDWRULDV (VWRV HFRVLVWHPDV EULQGDQ P~OWLSOHV EHQHILFLRV VRFLRHFRQyPLFRV SDUD OD KXPDQLGDG OD EHOOH]D GH VXV SDLVDMHV \ OD YLGD VLOYHVWUH TXH KD\ HQ HOORV DWUDHQ DO WXULVPR VLHQGR HVFHQDULR GH YDULDGDV DFWLYLGDGHVGH HVSDUFLPLHQWR \ UHFUHDFLyQ OXJDUHV SDUD QDYHJDU HQ

  Pรกgina63de395


 FDQRD\DYHODSHVFDUFD]DUUHFROHFWDUPDULVFRVREVHUYDUDYHVHWF(QHOORVVHUHDOL]DQ DGHPiVDFWLYLGDGHVDJUtFRODVIRUHVWDOHV\GHSDVWRUHR (Q FXDQWR D ODV LQLFLDWLYDV HQFDPLQDGDV KDFLD OD FRQVHUYDFLyQ GH ORV KXPHGDOHV D QLYHO QDFLRQDO HQFRQWUDPRV TXH HQ HO  VH HPLWLy OD 3ROtWLFD \ (VWUDWHJLD 1DFLRQDO SDUD OD &RQVHUYDFLyQ \ HO 8VR 5DFLRQDO GH ORV +XPHGDOHV HQ HO (FXDGRU TXH WLHQH SRU REMHWLYR FRQVHUYDU ORV KXPHGDOHV PHGLDQWH HO XVR UDFLRQDO GH VXV UHFXUVRV QDWXUDOHV \ WRPDQGR FRPREDVHHOHQIRTXHHFRVLVWpPLFR\ODSDUWLFLSDFLyQ\EHQHILFLRVORFDO\QDFLRQDO %DMR HVWD SHUVSHFWLYD \ SRU HVWDU XELFDGR QXHVWUR FDQWyQ HQ OD FXHQFD GH ORV 5tRV 3RUWRYLHMR\&KLFRFRQIOX\HQHQQXHVWURWHUULWRULRXQDVHULHGHHFRVLVWHPDVGHFLpQHJDVTXH SRGUtDQ FDWDORJDUVH FRPR KXPHGDOHV WHPSRUDOHV ORV FXDOHV VH LQXQGDQ HQ pSRFD GH OOXYLDV (Q OD FRPXQLGDG 7DEDFDOHV H[LVWH XQ KXPHGDO SHUHQQH GHQRPLQDGR FRQ HO QRPEUH GH OD FRPXQLGDGGRQGHVHPDQLILHVWD(VWHHFRVLVWHPDIRUPDSDUWHGHOLQYHQWDULRGH+XPHGDOHV GHO(FXDGRUUHDOL]DGRSRUHO%ULRQHVHWDO  \DXVSLFLDGRSRUHOH[,QVWLWXWR(FXDWRULDQR )RUHVWDOGHÈUHDV1DWXUDOHV\GH9LGD6LOYHVWUH±,1()$1\(FR&LHQFLD (VWRV DXWRUHV H[SUHVDQ TXH HO +XPHGDO (O 7DEDFDO VH HQFXHQWUD DOWDPHQWH SHUWXUEDGR PHGLDQWHDPHQD]DVFRQVWDQWHVGHDOWHUDFLyQKXPDQDSRUSDUWHGHORVILQTXHURVSURSLHWDULRV GHHVWRVWHUUHQRV(VWHPLVPRUHSRUWHKDFHXQDFDUDFWHUL]DFLyQHFROyJLFDUiSLGDVREUHHVWH LPSRUWDQWHHFRVLVWHPDHOFXDOVHHQFXHQWUDXELFDGRJHRJUiILFDPHQWHDORVƒ¶´ODWLWXG 6XU\ƒ¶´ORQJLWXG2HVWH\HQORVOtPLWHVGHOD]RQDXUEDQDGHOFDQWyQODDOWLWXGHVGH PVQP 3RVHH XQD VXSHUILFLH GH  KHFWiUHDV \ HVWi IRUPDGR FRQ SDQWDQRV \ HVWDQTXH GXOFHDFXtFROD SHUPDQHQWH FRQ ]RQDV GH LQXQGDFLyQ HVWDFLRQDO /RV VXHORV VRQ GH WLSR DUHQRVR OLPRVRV \R DUFLOORVRV OLPRVRV SURIXQGRV (Q OR TXH FRUUHVSRQGH D FDOLGDG GHO DJXD%ULRQHVHWDO  H[SUHVDQTXHKD\YDULRVSDUiPHWURVTXHLPSLGHQTXHpVWDWHQJD XQDySWLPDFDOLGDGHQWUHORVTXHFLWDQODSUHVHQFLDGHFROLIRUPHVIHFDOHVTXHSXHGHLQGLFDU OD SUHVHQFLD GH RWURV RUJDQLVPR SDWyJHQRV HQ HO DJXD GHO PLVPR PRGR VH H[SUHVD TXH H[LVWHQDOWDFRQFHQWUDFLyQGHVyOLGRVWRWDOHVORTXHLQGLFDTXHVLHODJXDHVFRQVXPLGDSRUOD SREODFLyQKXPDQDSRGUtDIXQFLRQDUFRPROD[DQWHDGHPiVHFROyJLFDPHQWHSXHGHSURYRFDU VHULRVSUREOHPDVSDUDODYLGDGHORVRUJDQLVPRVDFXiWLFRVFRPRSRUHMHPSORUHGXFFLyQGH OD FODULGDG GHO DJXD GLVPLQXFLyQ GH SURGXFWLYLGDG SULPDULD XQLyQ FRQ PHWDOHV SHVDGRV \ DXPHQWRGHODWHPSHUDWXUDGHODJXD2WURSUREOHPDDVRFLDGRFRQODFDOLGDGGHODJXDHVOD   Página64de395


 EDMD FRQFHQWUDFLyQ GH R[tJHQR GLVXHOWR OR TXH SXHGH UHGXFLU WDPELpQ OD GLYHUVLGDG GH HVSHFLHV IRWRVLQWpWLFDV SHUPLWLHQGR OD VREUHSREODFLyQ GH HVSHFLHV WROHUDEOHV D EDMDV FDQWLGDGHVGHR[tJHQRGLVXHOWR6LQHPEDUJRGDGDHVWDFRPSOHMLGDGVHKDXWLOL]DGRHODJXD GHOKXPHGDOFRPRFULDGHURGH&KDPH 'RUPLWDWRUODWULIURQV XQDHVSHFLHTXHVHDGDSWDD YLYLUHQHVWHWLSRGHDJXDV 6HSUHVHQWDQHQHOKXPHGDOGRV]RQDVFODUDPHQWHGLIHUHQFLDGDVXQD]RQDLQXQGDGD\RWUD LQXQGDEOH HVWDFLRQDOPHQWH (Q OD =RQD ,QXQGDGD VREUHVDOH XQD IRUPDFLyQ ODFXVWUH GRPLQDGD SRU YHJHWDFLyQ KLIURItWLFD H LVODV IORWDQWHV HVSRUiGLFDV (O iUHD SDQWDQRVD PDQWLHQHXQEDMRQLYHOGHDJXD\VHHQFXHQWUDERUGHDQGRODODJXQDGRPLQDGDSRU-DFLQWR GHDJXD (LFKKRUQLDD]]XUHD DVtFRPRFLSHUDOHVJUDPLQDOHV\FRPXQLGDGHVYHJHWDOHVGH WRWRUDOHV %RUGHDQGR ODV iUHDV ODFXVWUHV VH HQFXHQWUDQ ODV =RQDV GH ,QXQGDFLyQ 7HPSRUDO RFXSDGDV HQ VX PD\RU SDUWH SRU JUDPtQHDV [HURItWLFDV HQ ODV iUHDV DOHGDxDV GH PDQLILHVWDQFXOWLYRVGHSDOPDGHFRFRV &RFRVQXFLIHUD \DUUR] 2UL]DVDWLYD  (Q FXDQWR D ORV XVRV DFWXDOHV GHO VXHOR HQ HVWH KXPHGDO VH UHVXPH TXH GHVGH KDFH  DxRV DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH VH UHDOL]D SURGXFFLyQ \ FULDQ]D GH FKDPHV FRQYLUWLpQGRVH HQ OD SULQFLSDODFWLYLGDGSURGXFWLYDGHOHFRVLVWHPDDGHPiVHQODV]RQDVQRLQXQGDGDV\FRQHO DEDVWHFLPLHQWR GHO DJXD GHO KXPHGDO VH UHDOL]DQ FXOWLYRV DJUtFRODV /DV DFWLYLGDGHV JDQDGHUDV VRQ PX\ SRFDV /RV SULQFLSDOHV SURGXFWRV TXH VH FXOWLYDQ VRQ DUUR] FDPRWH SLPLHQWR WRPDWH PDt] FRFRWHURV (VWD SURGXFFLyQ HVWi GHVWLQDGD SULQFLSDOPHQWH D OD FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQHQORVPHUFDGRVORFDOHV\SURYLQFLDOHV F 

&8(1&$0(',$'(/5Ã&#x2039;2325729,(-2

2WUDGHODViUHDVGHFRQVHUYDFLyQLGHQWLILFDGDVHQHOWHUULWRULRFDQWRQDOHVODCuenca Media del Río Portoviejo OD PLVPD TXH DWUDYLHVD OD ]RQD EDMD GH QXHVWUR FDQWyQ IRUPDQGR XQ YDOOH IHFXQGR TXH HV XWLOL]DGR SRU ORV SREODGRUHV ORFDOHV SDUD HVWDEOHFHU LPSRUWDQWHV DFWLYLGDGHVDJURSHFXDULDVTXHUHSHUFXWHQHQHOHVWDGRVRFLRHFRQyPLFRGHORVKDELWDQWHVGH OD]RQD  

  Página65de395


 7$%/$1ยž352325&,21<683(5),&,(6'(/7(55,725,2%$-2 &216(59$&,2120$1(-2$0%,(17$/ 1RPEUHGHOiUHD



SURWHJLGD

&DWHJRUtD

 %RVTXH6HFR =RQD $OWD 

%RVTXH

5HPDQHQWH GH ERVTXH VHFR  2MR GH$JXD/D/DPDU 'DQ]DUtQ   ยณ(O7DEDFDOยด %RVTXH6HFR=RQD %DMD YtD 5RFDIXHUWHยฑ0DQWD  0iUJHQHV GH ORV 5tRV  3RUWRYLHMR \ &KLFR

)8(17(,((



6XSHUILFLH FRQ FREHUWXUD QDWXUDO +DV 

GHO &DQWyQ 

3URWHFWRU

%RVTXH









3URWHFWRU +XPHGDO

(VWDGRGH &RQVHUYDFLyQ SULQFLSDOHVSUHVLRQHV DQWUySLFDV 0X\DOWHUDGRV GHIRUHVWDFLyQ DPSOLDFLyQGHOD IURQWHUDDJUtFROD

3ULRULGDG GH FRQVHUYDFL yQ 0$( 

 Baja

0HGLDQDPHQWH DOWHUDGRGHIRUHVWDFLyQ

%DMD

0HGLDQDPHQWH DOWHUDGRDFWLYLGDGHV DQWURSLFDV %RVTXH 0HGLDQDPHQWH   DOWHUDGRGHIRUHVWDFLyQ 3URWHFWRU DPSOLDFLyQGHOD IURQWHUDDJUtFROD รˆUHDGH 0$GHIRUHVWDFLyQ   DPSOLDFLyQGHOD 3URWHFFLyQ IURQWHUDDJUtFROD FRQVWUXFFLRQHV GHVHFKRVDJXDV VHUYLGDVHWF (/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

0HGLD

 0HGLD  $OWD

0$3$1ยž$5($648('(%(16(53527(*,'$6*$'52&$)8(57(

)8(17(,(( 

(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'





  Pรกgina66de395


 (&26,67(0$63$5$6(59,&,26$0%,(17$/(6   )/25$<)$81$ 'HELGRDODSUREOHPiWLFDDPELHQWDOGHODFXHQFDGHOULR3RUWRYLHMRHVHQHVWHHFRVLVWHPD GRQGH VH KDQ GHVDUUROODGR LQYHVWLJDFLRQHV UHIHUHQWHV D GLDJQyVWLFRV HFROyJLFRV SRU OR WDQWROD~QLFDLQIRUPDFLyQFLHQWtILFDGLVSRQLEOHSDUDHOFDQWyQVHOLPLWDDODGRFXPHQWDFLyQ SXEOLFDGD VREUH HVWD FXHQFD 2WUR LQIRUPH WpFQLFR TXH VXVWHQWD OD SDUWH ELyWLFD GH 5RFDIXHUWH HV HO ,QYHQWDULR GH +XPHGDOHV GHO (FXDGRU UHDOL]DGR SRU HO H[ ,1()$1 HQ HO DxRGRQGHVHGRFXPHQWDELyWLFDPHQWHDOKXPHGDO(O7DEDFDO 6HVXSRQHTXHGHELGRDODOWRJUDGRGHLQWHUYHQFLyQDOTXHKDHVWDGRVRPHWLGDHVWDFXHQFD KLGURJUiILFD OD ELRGLYHUVLGDG KD LGR JUDGXDOPHQWH GHVDSDUHFLHQGR VLQ HPEDUJR QR VH GLVSRQHQUHJLVWURVFLHQWtILFRVTXHFRUURERUHQHVWDVXSRVLFLyQ\OR~QLFDPHQWHFRQILDEOHVRQ ORVFRPHQWDULRVSHUVRQDOHVGHORVKDELWDQWHVOD]RQDHVSHFLDOPHQWHGHORVDGXOWRVPD\RUHV FRQTXLHQHVVHKDFRQVXOWDGRVREUHHVWDVLWXDFLyQ D 

)/25$(OLQYHQWDULRGHODIORUDGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVHGRFXPHQWDHQIXQFLyQGHO

KiELWDW WHUUHVWUH \ DFXiWLFR DVt FRPR VH EDVD HQ LQIRUPDFLyQ ELEOLRJUiILFD GH ORV HVWXGLRV UHDOL]DGRV SRU %ULRQHV HW DO   &(0$35,0(6 &,$ /7'$ < $62&,$'26   \ (FRELRWHF   'H LJXDO PDQHUD VH KD FRQVLGHUDGR ODV RSLQLRQHV \ FRPHQWDULRV GH ORV SREODGRUHVORFDOHVVREUHWRGRORVTXHKDELWDQODV]RQDVUXUDOHVGHOFDQWyQ (Q OR TXH UHVSHFWD D OD IORUD DVRFLDGD D HFRVLVWHPDV DFXiWLFRV \ VHPLDFXiWLFRV %ULRQHV   UHVXPHQ TXH HQ HO +XPHGDO (O 7DEDFDO OD IORUD UHSUHVHQWDWLYD FRUUHVSRQGH D ORV HVWUDWRV KHUEiFHRV DUEXVWLYRV \ DUEyUHRV /D IORUD DVRFLDGD D HFRVLVWHPDV WHUUHVWUHV KD VLGR LGHQWLILFDGD GH DFXHUGR D VXV XVRV SULQFLSDOPHQWH HVSHFLHV IRUHVWDOHV VLOYHVWUHV IUXWDOHVGHLQWHUpVDJUtFRODGHLQWHUpVSHFXDULRHWF     

  Pรกgina67de395


 7$%/$1ยž(63(&,(69(*(7$/(65(*,675$'$6(1(/+80('$/(/ 7$%$&$/

)$0,/,$

120%5( &,(17ร‹),&2

120%5( &20ร’1

(675$72 9(*(7$7,92

 

+รˆ%,7$7(1/$=21$

3RQWHGHULDFHDH

Eichhornia grassipens

-DFLQWRGH DJXD

+HUEiFHR



1\PSKDHDFHDH

Nymphaea ampla

PDUDYLOOD

+HUEiFHD

 )ORWDQWHODFXVWUH

7\SKDFHDH

Typha latifolia

7RWRUD

+HUEiFHD



$UDFHDH

Pistia stratoites





 



Cyperus odoratus

&LSHUXV

+HUEiFHD

 %RUGHDQGRODJXQDV

3RDFHDH

Paspalum sp.

3DVWRUDER GH]RUUR

+HUEiFHD

 %RUGHDQGRODJXQDV

Eragostris sp.

3DVWR

+HUEiFHD

 %RUGHDQGRODJXQDV

%RUDJLQDFHDH

Cordia lutea

0R\X\R

$UEXVWLYD

 (QODGHUDV[HURItWLFDV

5KDPQDFHDH

Scutia pauciflora

8xDGHJDWR R(VSLQR

$UEXVWLYD

 (QODGHUDV[HURItWLFDV

0LPRVDFHDH

Prosopis inermis

$OJDUURER

$UEyUHD



=RQDLQPHGLDWDDOD ]RQDGHLQXQGDFLyQ

Prosopis juliflora

$OJDUURER

$UEyUHD



=RQDLQPHGLDWDDOD ]RQDGHLQXQGDFLyQ

Capparis angulata

=DSRWHGH SHUUR

$UEyUHD



=RQDLQPHGLDWDDOD ]RQDGHLQXQGDFLyQ





&DSSDULGDFHDH

3ODQWDVIORWDQWHVGH ERUGHODFXVWUH

3DQWDQRVDV\ VHPLSDQWDQRVDV

)8(17(,19(17$5,2'(+80('$/(6'(/(&8$'25 %5,21(6(7$/  (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(

      Pรกgina68de395


 $FRQWLQXDFLyQVHHQOLVWDQWRGDVODVHVSHFLHVYHJHWDOHVUHJLVWUDGDVHQHOFDQWyQ 7$%/$(63(&,(69(*(7$/(65(*,675$'$6(1(/&$17ร152&$)8(57( )$0,/,$

$JDYDFHDH

120%5( &,(17ร‹),&2

Aloe vulgaris

120%5( &20ร’1

=iELOD

(675$72 (*(7$7,9 2

+HUEiFHD

+รˆ%, 7$7

%VW 9/[

3LxXHOD RFDEX\D

+HUEiFHD

Amaranthus dubius

%OHGR

+HUEiFHD

Amaranthus spinosus

%OHGR HVSLQRVR

+HUEiFHD

Anacardium occidental

0DUDxR Q

$UEyUHR

Manguifera indica

0DQJR

$UEyUHR

Agave sp.

$PDUDQWKDF HDH

$QDFDUGLDFH DH

%VW

8626 0HGLFLQDOODVXVWDQFLDJHODWLQRVDGHODVKRMDVVHOLFXDFRQ DJXD\VHDSOLFDSDUDLPSHGLUODFDtGDGHOFDEHOORDVtFRPR SDUDXOFHUDV\KRQJRVHQODSLHO ,$  (VXVDGDFRPRRUQDPHQWDOSDUDFHUFDVYLYDV 6

9/[ %VW 9[

%VW

)XHQWHDOLPHQWLFLDSDUDGLYHUVDV HVSHFLHVGHDQLPDOHVGRPpVWLFRV(O FRFLPLHQWRGHODVKRMDVHVHPSOHDGRHQ ODYDGRVLQWHVWLQDOHVSDUDEDMDUODILHEUH 6 



9 /[ 9 /[

9 /[

/DV KRMDV DO VHU PDVFDGDV HYLWDQ ODV FDULHV GHQWDOHV (O IUXWR HV DQWLGHVLQWpULFR /D FiVFDUD GHO IUXWR OR UHIULHJDQ FRQWUD ODV YHUUXJDVSDUDH[WLUSDUODV 3RVHHiFLGRDQDFiUGLFR6XVIUXWRV VRQ FRQVXPLGRV SRU ODV GLYHUVDV HVSHFLHV GH DQLPDOHV VLOYHVWUHV SRVHH JUDQ FDQWLGDG GH YLWDPLQDV D]~FDUHV QDWXUDOHV HWF6X PDGHUD HV XWLOL]DGD SRU VX GXUH]D SDUD ODV FRQVWUXFFLRQHVHWF )  /DFRFFLyQGHODVKRMDVVHHPSOHDSDUDHOWUDWDPLHQWRGHODWRV IHULQD /DV KRMDV PDVFDGDV FXUDQ DIHFFLRQHV GH ORV ODELRV \ ERFD6XV IUXWRV VRQ FRQVXPLGRV SRU WRGRV ORV DQLPDOHV VLOYHVWUHV LQFOXVR KDVWD HO KRPEUH VXV IUXWRV FRQWLHQHQ JUDQ FDQWLGDG GH YLWDPLQDV \ PLQHUDOHV DGHPiV FRQWLHQH JUDQ FDQWLGDGGHD]~FDUHVQDWXUDOHVGHJUDQDSHWHQFLD 6X PDGHUD HV XWLOL]DGD SDUD OD HODERUDFLyQ GH VLOODV SDUD FDEDOJDU HQ FDEDOORV SRU VX GXUH]D HV XWLOL]DGD SDUD HODERUDU DUWHVDQtDVVLOODVHWF ) 

Spondias mombim

+RER

$UEyUHR

%VW 9 /[

$QQRQDFHDH

Annona squamosa

&KLULPR OOD

$UEXVWLYR %VW 9

&RQ ODV KRMDV VH OLPSLDQ ODV KHULGDV SDUD TXH FLFDWULFHQ PDV UiSLGR6XVIUXWRVFRQWLHQHQiFLGRDVFyUELFRYLWDPLQD&HWF 6XV IUXWRV VRQ FRQVXPLGRV SRU YDULDV HVSHFLHV GH DQLPDOHV VLOYHVWUHVHLQFOXVLYHKDVWDHOKRPEUHORFRQVXPH&RQWLHQHVX IUXWR iFLGR DVFyUELFR YLWDPLQDV D]~FDUHV QDWXUDOHV&RQ VXV IUXWRV VH SXHGH HODERUDU FRQVHUYDV PHUPHODGDV HWF (V GH JUDQYDORUHFRQyPLFRSRUTXHHOFRQVXPRHVPDVLYR )  6XV IUXWRV VRQ GH JUDQ DSHWHQFLD SRU ORV DQLPDOHV VLOYHVWUH \ SDUD HO KRPEUH &RQWLHQHQ JUDQ FDQWLGDG GH D]~FDUHV QDWXUDOHV&RQWLHQHQJUDQFDQWLGDGGHWDQLQRVTXHHVXWLOL]DGR SDUDODFXUWLHPEUHGHOFXHUR ) 

/[

$SRF\QDFHD H

Vallesia glabra

3HUOLOOR

$UEXVWLYR %VW /[

0HGLFLQDOFRQVHUYDFLyQGHKXPHGDG,QVHFWLFLGD\WR[LFLGDG DJXGDIRUUDMHIHUWLOLGDGGHOVXHORKiELWDWSDUDELRGLYHUVLGDG 6 



  Pรกgina69de395


 Cataranthus roseus

&KDYHO D

+HUEiFH D

%VW 9

2UQDPHQWDO HQ OD PHGLFLQD H[LVWHQ LQYHVWLJDFLRQHV TXH GDWDQ TXH SRVHH  DOFDORLGHV HQ KRMDV \ UDtFHV GH ORV FXDOHV  GHWLHQHQ HO FUHFLPLHQWR GH WXPRUHV PDOLJQRV \ SURFHVRV OHXFpPLFRV 5L]]LQL  6 

/[

Nerium oleander

/DXUHO GH MXGHD

$UEXVWR

Plumeria rubra

6XFKH

$UEXVWR

%VW

2UQDPHQWDOPX\FRP~QDSHVDUGHVHUPX\Wy[LFD 6

9/[ %VW 9

2UQDPHQWDOHQSDUTXHVMDUGLQHV\FHPHQWHULRV(O(OUHFLQWRHO +LJXHUyQ HO DJXDGRQGH VH KD SXHVWR ODV IORUHV OD XVDQ FRPR VHGDQWH &RQ ODV KRMDV PDFKDFDGDV VH IULFFLRQDQ ODV SLHUQDV FRQWUDHOUHXPDWLVPR 9DOYHUGH  6 

/[

$UHFDFHDH

Cocus nucifera

3DOPD GH &RFR

$UEyUHR %VW 9

$OLPHQWLFLRHOIUXWRGHODSDOPHUDFRQWLHQHJUDVDVPLQHUDOHV\ YLWDPLQDV6HFRQVXPHFRPRIUXWDIUHVFD\VXOtTXLGRHVEHELGD UHIUHVFDQWH ) 

/[

$VWHUDFHDH

%LJQRQLDFHD H

Porophyllum ellipticum

5XGDGH JDOOLQD]R

+HUEiFHD

%VW

Crescienta cujete

0DWH

$UEXVWLYR %VW

0HGLFLQDOSDUDEDxRVHQHQIHUPHGDGHVHSLGpUPLFDV

9/[

9

/DSXOSDGHODIUXWDODKLHUYHQFRQD]~FDURSDQHODSDUDFDOPDU OD EURQTXLWLV6XV IUXWRV VRQ XVDGRV SDUD HODERUDU DUWHVDQtDV \ XWHQVLOLRVSDUDODFRFLQD 6 

/[

%RPEDFDFH DH

Tabebuia chrisantha

*XD\DF $UEyUHR iQGH ODFRVWD

%VW

Ceiba pentandra

&HLED

%VW

$UEyUHR

%PVW

%PVW

3RU OD GXUH]D GH VX PDGHUD HV XWLOL]DGR SDUD OD FRQVWUXFFLyQ GH FDVDV PXHEOHV DUWHVDQtDV /D VREUH H[SORWDFLyQ KD OOHYDGR D WDO SXQWR GH OOHYDU D OD H[WLQFLyQ 0)6  3RUODVXDYLGDG \IUDJLOLGDGGHVXPDGHUDHVXWLOL]DGDSDUDOD HODERUDFLyQGHDUWHVDQtDV'HVXVIUXWRVVHREWLHQHXQDODQDGH ILEUDYHJHWDOTXHVLUYHSDUDODHODERUDFLyQGHFROFKRQHV6

/[

Ochroma pyramidale

%RUDJLQDFH DH

Cordia alliodora

%DOVD

$UEyUHR

%VW /[

/DXUHO

$UEyUHR

%VW %PVW

3RU OD VXDYLGDG \ ILQH]D GH VX PDGHUD HV XWLOL]DGR SDUD OD IDEULFDFLyQGHDUWHVDQtDV 7DPELpQHVXWLOL]DGDVXPDGHUDSDUDODIDEULFDFLyQGHDODVGH ORVDYLRQHVIORWDGRUHVHWF 0)  0DGHUD PHGLDQDPHQWH GXUD DSUHFLDGD SRU VX ILUPH]D \ HODVWLFLGDGHPSOHDGDHQHEDQLVWHUtD 0)6 

/[

Cordia lutea

0R\X\ R

$UEXVWLYR

%VW %PVW

0DGHUD SDUD HPEDODMH FHUFDV YLYDV PXHEOHV U~VWLFRV /RV FRJROORVGHODSODQWDVLUYHQSDUDSUHSDUDULQIXVLyQSDUDFDOPDU ODWRV\FRQORVIUXWRVVHSUHSDUDMDUDEHH[SHFWRUDQWH/DJRPD GHOIUXWRVHXVDFRPRJRPDDUiELFD\ILMDGRUGHOFDEHOOR

/[

%XUVHUDFHD H

Bursera graveolens

3DOR VDQWR

$UEyUHR

%VW

/DLQIXVLyQGHODVKRMDVDOLYLDORVDFFHVRVGHODWRVIHULQD

%PVW

/D PDGHUD TXHPDGD DKX\HQWD ORV LQVHFWRV &RQWLHQH 2OHRUUHVLQDVDFHLWHVHVHQFLDOHVJHUDQLROHWF 6 

  Pรกgina70de395


 &DFWDFHDH

Armatocereus cartwrightianus

&DUGyQ

Hilocerus sp.

3LWDKD\ DR PXODWR

$UEyUHR

%VW %PVW

+HUEiFH DHStILWD

%VW %PVW

6XV IUXWRV VRQ FRQVXPLGRV SRU YDULDV HVSHFLHV GH DQLPDOHV VLOYHVWUHVHLQFOXVRHOKRPEUH 6 

6XV IUXWRVVRQ GHJUDQ XVRFRPHVWLEOH SRU YDULDV HVSHFLHV GH DQLPDOHVVLOYHVWUHVHLQFOXVLYHHOKRPEUH$OIUXWRVHOHDWULEX\HQ SRGHUHVDIURGLVtDFRV\HVWDIUXWDVHODFRQRFHFRPRODIUXWDGHO GUDJyQ&RQWLHQH JUDQ FDQWLGDG GH D]~FDUHV QDWXUDOHV YLWDPLQDV\PLQHUDOHV 6HSXHGHUHDOL]DUFXOWLYRVGHHVWDHVSHFLHSDUDTXHVXVIUXWRV VHDQ FRPHUFLDOL]DGRV HQ OD H[SRUWDFLyQ 6H SXHGHQ HODERUDU PHUPHODGDVFRQVHUYDVGHVXIUXWD 6 

Monvilea maritima

&DSWXV FDQGHODE UR

$UEXVWR

Opuntia sp.

7XQD

$UEXVWR

%VW %PVW

%VW %PVW

&DHVDOSLQLD FHDH

Parkinsonia aculeata

3DOR YHUGH

6XVIUXWRVVRQFRQVXPLGRVSRUGLYHUVDVHVSHFLHVGHDQLPDOHV VLOYHVWUHVHLQFOXVRHOKRPEUH 6 

$UEyUHR

%VW %PVW

6XV IUXWRV VRQ FRQVXPLGRV SRU YDULDV HVSHFLHV GH DQLPDOHV VLOYHVWUHVHLQFOXVRHOKRPEUH (V XWLOL]DGD SDUD ORV SUREOHPDV GH FyOLFRV HVWRPDFDOHV DSOLFDQGRHQODSDUWHH[WHUQDGHOFXHUSR 6)  3DUDHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRGHFROPHQDVGHPLHOGHDEHMDILMDGRUGH QLWUyJHQRFHUFR YLYR KiELWDW SDUD ELRGLYHUVLGDG IHUWLOLGDGGHO VXHORPHGLFLQDFRQVHUYDFLyQGHKXPHGDGRUQDPHQWR 6 



Bauhinia aculeata

8xDGH JDWR

$UEXVWLYD

%VW

6HOHDWULEX\HYDULRVSRGHUHVFXUDWLYRV6HSXHGHSURFHVDUSDUD HODERUDFLyQGHPHGLFLQDV 6 

%PVW 9/[

Caesalpinia sp.

&DVFRO $UEyUHD



/DDSOLFDFLyQGHODVKRMDVPDFKDFDGDVFXUDODVHUXSFLRQHVGH OD SLHO&RQWLHQHQ WDQLQRV \ HV PLFURELFLGD/D GXUH]D GH VX PDGHUDHVXWLOL]DGDSDUDODFRQVWUXFFLyQGHFDVDV 0)6 

Cassia grandis

&DxD ILVWXOD

%VW

8WLOL]DGD WUDGLFLRQDOPHQWH SDUD PHMRUDU ORV HVWDGRV DQpPLFRV /DGHFRFFLyQGHKRMDVIUXWR\FRUWH]DVHXVDSRUYtDRUDOSDUD WUDWDU OD DQHPLD KHPRUUDJLD QDVDO HQIHUPHGDGHV GHO KtJDGR LQIHFFLyQXULQDULDKLVWHULDUHVIUtR\WRV 6 

$UEyUHR

9 /[

Cassia javanica

$FDFLR

Cassia occidentalis

&DUDWLOOR

$UEyUHR

%VW

6H XWLOL]D SRU VXV IORUHV HQ MDUGLQHV \ FRPR DUEROLWR GH DOLQHDFLyQ 6 

9/[ $UEXVWLYR

%VW

/DVIORUHVPDFKDFDGDVVHXVDQSDUDFXUDUFDUDWHV\PDQFKDV HQODSLHO 6 

%PVW 9/[

&DSSDULGDF HDH

Delonia regia

$FDFLD URMD

$UEyUHR

Tamarindus indica

7DPDUL QGR

$UEyUHR

Capparis angulata

=DSRWH GHSHUUR

$UEyUHR

%VW

8VDGDVHQRUQDPHQWDFLyQ\UHIRUHVWDFLyQ 6 

9/[ %VW

&RQVXIUXWRVHKDFHQMXJRVQDWXUDOHV\FRQVHUYDV 6)

9/[ %VW

6XV IUXWRV VRQ FRQVXPLGRV SRU YDULDV HVSHFLHV GH DQLPDOHV VLOYHVWUHV 6 

  Pรกgina71de395


 /[

&DULFDFHDH

$UEyUHR

%VW

Capparis heterophylla

6HEDVWLj QIODFR

Carica papaya

3DSD\D $UEXVWLYD %VW

0DGHUDXVDGDSDUDOHxD\FDUEyQ 0)6 

/[

/[ 9

/DV IUXWDV VRQ GH JUDQ DSHWHQFLD SDUD WRGDV ODV HVSHFLHV GH VHUHVYLYRV/DLQIXVLyQGHODVKRMDVODXVDQSDUDHQIHUPHGDGHV GHO FRUD]yQ (O OiWH[ \ ODV VHPLOODV PDFKDFDGDV FRPR YHUPtIXJR/D SXOSD GHO IUXWR VH XVD SDUD DIHFFLRQHV HVWRPDFDOHV&RQWLHQH6DSRQLQDVIODYRQRLGHVSDSDLQDTXLPR SDSDtQD\DOFDORLGHV &RQODIUXWDVHSXHGHHODERUDUYDULRVVXESURGXFWRV ) 

&RQPHOLGDF HDH

Terminalia catappa

$OPHQG UR

$UEyUHD

&RQYROYXODF HDH

Ipomoea batatas

&DPRWH

+HUEiFHD UDVWUHUD

%VW

/DIUXWDHVXVDGDSDUDDOLPHQWDFLyQDOQDWXUDO\HQFRQVHUYDV 6 

/[9 9

6XVIUXWRVVRQGHJUDQDSHWHQFLDSDUDORVDQLPDOHVVLOYHVWUHV\ SDUDHOKRPEUH &RQHOIUXWRVHSXHGHH[WUDHUKDULQDVTXHSXHGHQVHUYLU ,$ 

&RFKORVSHU PDFHDH

Ipomoea carnea

)ORURQ

Cochlosperm un vitifolium

%RWRWLOOR

Cucurbita mรกxima

]DSDOOR

$UEXVWR

%VW

8VDGDSDUDOHxD\FDUEyQ 6 

/[9

$UEyUHR

%VW

0DGHUDSDUDHPEDODMHFHUFDVYLYDV 0)6 

%PVW

 &XFXUYLWDFH DH

+HUEiFHD

%VW

&RPHVWLEOH ,$

/[ 9



(EHQDFHDH

(ODHRFDUSDF HDH

%VW

Cyclanthera multifoliola

$FKRJF KDGH PRQWH

+HUEiFHD

Curullus lanatus

6DQGLD

+HUEiFH D

9

Cucumis melo

0HOyQ

+HUEiFH D

9

Diospiros pavonica

eEDQR

$UEyUHR

%VW

Mutingia calabura

)UXWLOOR QLJXLWR

&RPHVWLEOH ,$

/[9 )UXWRFRPHVWLEOHDOQDWXUDOMXJRV\FRQVHUYDV ,$

/[ )UXWRFRPHVWLEOHDOQDWXUDOMXJRV\FRQVHUYDV ,$

/[ 0DGHUHUDXVDGDSDUDOHxD\FDUEyQ 6 

%PVW 

$UEyUHR

%VW 9 /[

0DGHUHUD SHUR QR PX\ EXHQD XVDGD SDUD WDEOHURV DJORPHUDGRV OHxD FRUWH]D XVDGD FRPR VDSiQ 6XV IUXWRV VRQ HPSOHDGRV HQ DOLPHQWDFLyQ SDUD DYHV /DV IORUHVHQLQIXVLyQVHXVDQFRPRSHFWRUDQWHV 6 

  Pรกgina72de395


 (XSKRUELDF HDH

Jatropha curcas

3LxRQ

$UEXVWLYR %VW 9 /[

Manihot sculenta

<XFD

$UEXVWLYR 9

Phyllanthus acidus

*URVHOOD

$UEyUHR

Ricinus comunis

+LJXHULO OD

%VW

(V XQR GH ORV DOLPHQWRV EiVLFRV GH OD SREODFLyQ 6H XVD HQ IRUPD FRFLGD SDVWHOHV VDQFRFKRV (Q OD LQGXVWULDVLUYHSDUDODREWHQFLyQGHODOPLGyQWDSLRFD \ DOFRKROHWtOLFR ,$  )UXWRFRPHVWLEOHDOQDWXUDORHQFRQVHUYDV 6,$

9/[

$UEXVWLYR

%VW 9 /[

)DEDFHDH

0HGLFLQDO ODV KRMDV VH XVDQ HQ FDWDSODVPDV SDUD DOLYLDU ODV LQIODPDFLRQHV GH OD HULVLSHODV /DV VHPLOODV HQ SHTXHxDV GRVLV VRQ SXUJDWLYDV GRVLV IXHUWHV VRQ SHOLJURVDV 6 

Arachis hypogea

0DQt

Cajanus cajan

)UHMRO GHSDOR

+HUEiFHD

%VW /[

$UEXVWR

%VW 9

(V XQD ROHDJLQRVD LPSRUWDQWH SRU VXV SURSLHGDGHV SXUJDWLYDV /D WRUWD HV XVDGD SDUD DOLPHQWDFLyQ GH JDQDGRHQODLQGXVWULDVHXVDHODFHLWHTXHVHREWLHQH GHHVWDSODQWD 6,$  0X\DSUHFLDGRHQODDOLPHQWDFLyQHQGLIHUHQWHVWLSRVGH FRPLGDV ,$  0X\ DSUHFLDGR HQ DOLPHQWDFLyQ KXPDQD \ IRUUDMH SDUD DOLPHQWDFLyQDQLPDO ,$ 

/[

/DPLDFHDH

$UEyUHR

%VW

Geoffroea spinosa

6HFD

Macroptilium latiroides

)UpMRO

+HUEiFH D

%VW

VLOYHVWUH

Phaseolus vigna

9HUGXUD

+HUEiFHD

%VW

Phaseolus vulgaris

)UHMRO

Melissa officinalis

7RURQMLO

%PVW

9/[

8VDGD SDUD PXHEOHV VHQFLOORV \ DUWtFXORV SHTXHxRV /DVVHPLOODVVRQFRPLGDVSRUHOJDQDGR 0)6  (O FRFLPLHQWR GH IORUHV \ IUXWRV OR XVDQ SDUD EDMDU OD ILHEUH ,$  $OLPHQWLFLRSDUDHOFRQVXPRKXPDQR ,$ 

9/[

+HUEiFHD

%VW

$OLPHQWLFLRSDUDHOFRQVXPRKXPDQR ,$ 

9/[

+HUEiFHD

%VW 9

0X\ XVDGD HQ LQIXVLyQ FRPR VHGDWLYD \ FDOPDQWH QHUYLRVR7DPELpQVHXVDFRPRGLJHVWLYD ,$ 

/[

Menta piperita

+LHUED EXHQD

+HUEiFHD

%VW 9

$OLPHQWLFLR XVDGD SDUD DGHUH]DU FDUQHV \ DOJXQRV SODWRV SURSLRV GH OD FRVWD OD LQIXVLyQ GH ODV KRMDV VH XVDFRPRGLJHVWLYD ,$ 

/[

Origanum vulgare

2UpJDQ R

+HUEiFHD

%VW 9

6HXWLOL]DFRPRDGHUH]RGHFLHUWDVFRPLGDVODLQIXVLyQ GH ODV KRMDV HV HVWRPiWLFD \ WyQLFD (Q PHGLFLQD IRONOyULFDODXVDQSDUDODOLPSLH]DGHODVXHUWH ,$ 

/[

  Pรกgina73de395


 Rosmarinus officinalis

5RPHUR +HUEiFHD

%VW 9

/DLQIXVLyQVHHPSOHDSDUDIDYRUHFHUODVIXQFLRQHVGHO KtJDGR\SiQFUHDV2WURVDVHJXUDQTXHUHJXODODPDOD FLUFXODFLyQ ,$ 

/[

0DOSLJKLDFH DH

Malpighia punicifolia

&HUH]R

$UEXVWR

%VW %PVW

(O IUXWR VH FRQVXPH HQ HVWDGR QDWXUDO R FRQVHUYD 6 ) 

/[

0DOYDFHDH

0HOLDFHDH

Gosspium barbadense

$OJRGyQ $UEXVWR

%VW

/[

+LGUyILODPHQWH SXULILFDGR HV XVDGR HQ FLUXJLi HQ YHQGDMHV /D FHQL]D GHO DOJRGyQ TXHPDGR VH HPSOHD SDUD FDOPDU KHPRUUDJLDV (Q OD LQGXVWULD HVWi FRQVLGHUDGD FRPR OD ILEUD PiV LPSRUWDQWH GHO PXQGR 6,$ 

%VW

/DLQIXVLyQGHODSODQWDODXVDQFRPRHPROLHQWH 6 

%PVW

Malachra alceifolia

0DOYD

Azaderachta indica

1LP

+HUEiFHD

/[

$UEyUHR

%VW 9

8VDGR SDUD OHxD \ FDUEyQ SDUD UHIRUHVWDU WLHUUDV iULGDV ODV VHPLOODV \ KRMDV WLHQHQ FRPSXHVWR TXH VH XVDFRPRUHSHOHQWHGHLQVHFWRV 0)6 

/[

Melia azedarach

-D]PtQ GH DUDELD

$UEyUHR

%VW 9 /[

0LPRVDFHD H

Prosopis inermis

$OJDUUR ER

$UEyUHR

%VW 9 /[

Prosopis juliflora

$OJDUUR ER

$UEyUHR

%VW

0DGHUHUDSDUDPDQJRVGHKHUUDPLHQWDVGHHEDQLVWHUtD SODQWD Wy[LFD (V XVDGD HQ RUQDPHQWDFLyQ HO FRFLPLHQWR GH OD SODQWD VLUYH SDUD FXUDU HUXSFLRQHV GpUPLFDV 0)6  0DGHUDEOHV XVDGDV SDUD SRVWHV PDUFRV GH SXHUWDV \ YHQWDQDV SDUTXHW UHSREODFLyQ IRUHVWDO FRQWURO GH HURVLyQ OHxD (O FRFLPLHQWR GH ORV IUXWRV YHUGHV FRPEDWH OD GLDUUHD /DV YDLQDV FRQWLHQHQGHJOXFRVD 0)6 



9 /[

Pithocolobiu m dulce

7LHUUD HVSLQR

$UEyUHR

%VW %PVW

/D SXOSD TXH UHFXEUH OD VHPLOOD HV FRPHVWLEOH 8VDGD SDUD FRQVWUXFFLRQHV SRVWHV OHxD \ FDUEyQ /DV KRMDUDVFDVVRQXVDGDVFRPRWLHUUDGHVHPEUDGR 6 

/[

Leucaena glabra

/HXFDH QD

$UEyUHR

%VW 9

8WLOL]DGR SDUD FHUFDV YLYDV SDUD DJORPHUDGRV OHxD \ FDUEyQ 6 

/[

Pithecolobiun guachapele

*XDFK DSHOt

$UEyUHR

Samanea saman

6DPDQ $UEyUHR

%VW

8VDGDHQFRQVWUXFFLyQSDUDWDEORQHV 0)6 

9/[ %VW

8WLOL]DGRSDUDFHUFDVYLYDVOHxD\FDUEyQ 0)6 

  Pรกgina74de395


 9/;

Acacia farnesiana

$URPR

$UEyUHR

%VW %PVW /[

Inga sp.

*XDED

$UEyUHD

%VW 9

/D LQIXVLyQ GH ODV IORUHV VH HPSOHD FRPR HVWRPiWLFD /RV IUXWRV PDFKDFDGRV HQ LQIXVLyQ FXUDQ OD GLDUUHD /DV KRMDV VH HPSOHDQ HQ DIHFFLRQHV GH OD EDUULJD (Q HO FDPSR XVDQ ODV IORUHV FRQ OD URSD SDUD SHUIXPDUOD 6  )UXWR FRPHVWLEOH WDPELpQ FXOWLYDGD FRPR iUERO GH VRPEUDSDUDFDIHWDOHV 6) 

/[

0RUDFHDH 

Artocarpus altilis

)UXWD GHSDQ

$UEyUHD

%VW 9

/RV IUXWRV VH FRPHQ FRFLQDGRV R HQ SDVWHOHV (Q DOJXQDVILQFDVORVIUXWRVVLUYHQGHDOLPHQWRDFHUGRV\ ODVKRMDVDJDQDGRERYLQR 6) 

/[

Ficus carica

+LJR

$UEXVWR

%VW 9 /[

0\UWDFHDH

Psidium guajaba

*XD\D ED

$UEyUHR

%VW 9 /[

0XVDFHDH

Heliconia sp.

Musa acuminata

3ODQWDQ LOORV

+HUEiFHD

%DQDQR RJXLQHR

+HUEiFHD

%VW

8VDGDHQDOLPHQWDFLyQFRPRIUXWDQDWXUDORFRQVHUYDV (O OiWH[ HV XVDGR SDUD GHVDSDUHFHU ORV FDOORV TXH VH IRUPDQHQPDQRV\SLHV/DLQIXVLyQGHODVKRMDVDOLYLD ORVFyOLFRVPHQVWUXDOHV 6)  /DIUXWDVHFRQVXPHIUHVFDRHQUHIUHVFRV/DVKRMDV\ FRUWH]DHQGHFRFFLyQFXUDQODVGLDUUHDV\GLVHQWHUtD/D GHFRFFLyQ GH KRMDV WLHUQDV \ IUXWR HYLWDQ OD FDtGD GHO FDEHOOR/DPDGHUDODXVDQSDUDOHxD\FDUEyQ 0))  2UQDPHQWDOHV 6 

9/[ %VW 9

7RGDV ODV YDULHGDGHV VH FRQVXPHQ FUXGDV R FRFLQDGDV ),$ 

/[

2[DOLDGDFHDH

3DVVLIORUDFH DH

Musa paradisiaca

3OiWDQR

+HUEiFHD

Averrhoa carambola

*URVHOOD FKLQD

$UEyUHD

Passiflora edulis

0DUDFX \i

+HUEiFHD

Pasiflora

%DGHD

+HUEiFHD

%VW 9/[ %VW 9/[ %VW

8VDGRHQDOLPHQWDFLyQSDUDODREWHQFLyQGHKDULQDGH SOiWDQR /DV KRMDV VH XVDQ SDUD HQYROYHU WDPDOHV KD\DFDVWRQJDVHWF ),$  )UXWD MXJRVD DURPiWLFD VH OD FRPH DO QDWXUDO R HQ MDOHDVMXJRV\PHUPHODGDV ) 

)UXWDMXJRVDSDUDMDOHDV\FRFWHOHV ) 

9/[

quadrangularis

%VW

/DIUXWDVHFRPHFUXGDRHQUHIUHVFRV ) 

9 /[

3ODQWDJLQDF HDH

Platango major

/ODQWpQ

+HUEiFHD

%VW 9

/DV KRMDV ODV DSOLFDQ VREUH OD IUHQWH SDUD DOLYLDU OD MDTXHFD /D LQIXVLyQ GH ODV KRMDV FRUWD HO IOXMR GH VDQJUH(OFRFLPLHQWRGHODVKRMDVVHHPSOHDSDUDODYDU

  Pรกgina75de395




3RDFHDH

Guadua angustifolia

&DxD JXDGXD

/HxRVD

/[

KHULGDVD\XGDQGRDODFLFDWUL]DFLyQ 6 

9

6XXVRSULQFLSDOHVODLQGXVWULDGHODFRQVWUXFFLyQSDUD FDVDVGHFDPSRSDUDSXHQWHVSHDWRQDOHVVREUHUtRV\ FDQDOHV 0) 

/[ %U

Cymbopago n citratus

+LHUED OXLVD

+HUEiFHD

%VW 9

/DVKRMDVHQLQIXVLyQVHXVDQFRPRHVWLPXODQWHV&RQ ORVWDOORV\KRMDVVHIURWDQORVGLHQWHVSDUDPDQWHQHUORV EODQFRV ,$ 

/[

+HUEiFHD

9

$OLPHQWLFLRSDUDHOJDQDGR ,3 

Eriochloa polystachya

-DQHLUR

Panicum mรกximum

6DER\D

Oriza sativa

$UUR]

+HUEiFHD

9

(OHPHQWR EiVLFR GH OD DOLPHQWDFLyQ GH ORV SXHEORV GH ODFRVWD ,$ 

Zea maรญz

0Dt]

+HUEiFHD

%VW

(V OD EDVH SDUD OD DOLPHQWDFLyQ HQ WRGRV ORV SDtVHV DPHULFDQRV ,$ 



+HUEiFHD

9

$OLPHQWLFLRSDUDJDQDGR ,3 



9 /[

5KDPQDFHD H

Ziziphus thyrsiflora

eEDQR

5RVDFHDH

Rosa indica

5RVDV

$UEyUHR

%VW %PVW

$UEXVWLYR V

%VW

0DGHUDEOH XVDGD SDUD FDUEyQ FDERV GH KDFKD \ GXUPLHQWHV 0)6 

2UQDPHQWDOFXOWLYDGDVSRUODEHOOH]DGHVXVIORUHV ,$ 

9 /[

5XELDFHDH

5XWDFHDH

Coffea arabica

&DIp

Citrus limรณn

/LPyQ

$UEyUHR

9 /[

$UEXVWLYR

%VW 9

(OIUXWRWRVWDGR\PROLGRXVDGRSDUDKDFHULQIXVLyQHQ DJXD 6,$ 

3DUD HODERUDU HQVDODGDV MXJRV SRU FRQWHQHU DFLGR DVFyUELFRXWLOL]DGRPHGLFLQDOPHQWH ,$ 

/[

Citrus sinensis

1DUDQMD

Ruta graveolens

5XGD

$UEyUHR

9 /[

+HUEiFHD

%VW

'HELGR D TXH OD IUXWD WLHQH DOWR FRQWHQLGR GH YLWDPLQD &HVXVDGRFRPRDOLPHQWLFLRSDUDMXJRVFRQVHUYDVR DOQDWXUDO 6,$  /DVKRMDVPDFKDFDGDVVHSRQHQHQHORtGRSDUDDOLYLDU HOGRORU3DUDFXUDUQLxRVRMHDGRVRFRQVXVWR 6,$ 

9 /[

Zanthoxylum

6DVDIUi V

$UEyUHR

%VW

/D UHVLQD TXH HPLWH HO WDOOR OD  HPSOHDQ SDUD GRORU GH PXHODV 6 

  Pรกgina76de395


 %P VW

setulosum 6DSLQGDFHD H

Sapindus saponaria

MDERQFLO OR

$UEyUHR

%VW

)UXWRXVDGRFRPRMDEyQSDUDODYDUODURSD 6

9 /[

6DOLFDFHDH

Salix humboldtian a

6DXFH

Calocarpum mammosum

0DPH\ FRORUDGR

$UEyUHR

Chrysophyll um caimito

&DLPLWR

$UEyUHR

Capsicum annum

$ML SLPLHQWR

+HUEiFH D

9

Capsicum frutescens

$ML

+HUEiFH D

9

Lycopersicum esculentum

7RPDWH

+HUEiFHD

9

6WHUFXOLDFHD Theobroma cacao

&DFDR

7KHRSKUDVW DFHDH

Jacquinia pubescens

%DUEDV FR

$UEyUHR

9HUEHQDFHD H

Tectona grandis

7HFD

$UEyUHR

/[

(VXQDPDGHUDLQWURGXFLGDHQHOFDQWzQ6HODXVDSDUD SLVRV HEDQLVWHUtD SXHUWDV XWLOL]DGD HQ UHIRUHVWDFLyQ 0) 

Vitex gigantea

3HFKLF KH

$UEyUHR

%VW

0DGHUD HPSOHDGD HQ OD FRQIHFFLyQ GH FDQRDV WLQDV EDWHDV PROLQLOORV \ RWURV XWHQVLOLRV GH FRFLQD (O IUXWR HVHPSOHDGRSDUDGXOFHV\FRQVHUYDV 0)) 

6DSRWDFHDH

6RODQDFHDH

$UEyUHR

9

0DGHUD VXDYH XVDGD SDUD SRVWHV YLYRV SDOLOORV GH IyVIRURVFDMRQHVRUQDPHQWDO 6 

%U 9 /[

)UXWDDSUHFLDGDVHFRPHDOQDWXUDORHQPHUPHODGDV UHIUHVFR \ KHODGRV 0DGHUD XVDGD HQ FDUURFHUtDV H LQWHULRUHV 0)) 

9

)UXWDDSUHFLDGD 6)

/[ &RPHVWLEOHSDUDHOKRPEUH ,$ 

/[ (O DML SLFDQWH WLHQH YLWDPLQD & $FWLYD OD FLUFXODFLyQ VDQJXtQHDHVHVWLPXODQWH\GLJHVWLYR 6,$ 

/[ &RPHVWLEOHSDUDHOKRPEUH ,$ 

/[ $UEyUHR

9 /[

%VW %P VW

9

(O FDFDR SUHSDUDGR VH HPSOHD SDUD HODERUDU FKRFRODWHVFDFDRHQSROYRVHHPSOHDSDUDDOLYLDUODV DJULXUDV PDVWLFDQGR XQD SHSD /D EDED TXH FXEUH HO FDFDRWLHUQRODHPSOHDQSDUDFXUDUORVHPSHLQHV(QOD IDUPDFpXWLFD OD PDQWHFD GH FDFDR OD XVDQ FRPR VXSRVLWRULRV\HQLQIODPDFLRQHVGHPXFRVDV ,$  (Q HO IUXWR FRQWLHQH URWHQRQD TXH VLUYH SDUD DWRQWDU D ORVSHFHVGHUtRV\FKDUFDV0DFKDFDGRHOIUXWRORXVDQ FRPRHVWUDWHJLDGHSHVFD 6 

/[ 6,0%2/2*ร‹$+iELWDW%VWERVTXHVHFRWURSLFDO%PVWERVTXHPX\VHFRWURSLFDO9YDOOH/[ODGHUD [HURItWLFD%U%RUGHGHULR

  Pรกgina77de395


 7,32/2*Ë$'(8620)0$'(5$%/()25(67$/66,/9(675())587$/(6,$,17(5(6 $*5,&2/$,3,17(5(63(&8$5,2

(ODERUDGRSRU%OJR2WRQLHO/ySH]±0LHPEUR(TXLSR7pFQLFR3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'5  

E  )$81$$FRQWLQXDFLyQVHGHWDOODXQDOLVWDGHHVSHFLHVIDXQtVWLFDVVLOYHVWUHV UHJLVWUDGDVHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH 3HFHV0XFKDVHVSHFLHVGHSHFHVQDWLYRVKDQVLGRGHVSOD]DGDVSRUYDULRVPRWLYRVHQWUH ORVTXHGHVWDFDQODFRQWDPLQDFLyQGHORVUtRV3RUWRYLHMR\&KLFRDVtFRPRFDQDOHVGHULHJR \ HVWHURV SULQFLSDOPHQWH SRU DFWLYLGDGHV DJUtFRODV QR VXVWHQWDEOHV VLQ HPEDUJR D~Q TXHGDQFLHUWDVHVSHFLHVTXHVHGHWDOODQHQODWDEOD1ž  7$%/$1ƒ3(&(6'($*8$'8/&(5(3257$'26(1(/&$17Ï1 )DPLOLD

1RPEUH&LHQWtILFR

1RPEUH9XOJDU

&KDUDFLGDH

%U\FRQGHQWH[

'DPD

(OHRWULGDH

'RUPLWDWRUODWLIURQV

&KDPH

&LFOLGDH

2UHRFKURPLVVS

7LODSLD



$HTXLGHQVVS

9LHMDD]XO

(U\WKULQLGDH

+RSOLDVVS

*XDQFKLFKH±&KDODFR

/HELDVLQLGDH

/HELDVLQDELPDFXODWD

*XDELQDRJXD\MD

(/$%25$'2325%/*22721,(//Ï3(=±0,(0%52(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,Ï1*$'5



$QILELRV (QWUH ODV HVSHFLHV GH DQILELRV GHVWDFD OD SUHVHQFLD DQXURV VDSRV \ UDQDV  SULQFLSDOPHQWH%XIRPDULQXVFRQRFLGRFRP~QPHQWHFRPRVDSRFRP~Q 5HSWLOHV HQ OD VLJXLHQWH WDEOD VH GRFXPHQWDQ ODV HVSHFLHV GH UHSWLOHV UHSRUWDGDV HQ HO FDQWyQ  

  Página78de395


 7$%/$1ยž5(37,/(65(3257$'26(1(/&$17ร152&$)8(57( 2UGHQ

%RLGDH

(VWDGRGH FRQVHUYDFLyQ

1RPEUH9XOJDU

%RDFRQVWULFWRU

0DWDFDEDOOR

9XOQHUDEOH,,

2[\UKRSXVSHWRWD

)DOVDFRUDO

&DVLDPHQD]DGD

9LSHULGDH

%RWKURSVDVSHU

(TXLVGHODFRVWD

3UHRFXSDFLyQPHQRU

7HLLGDH

$PHLYD HGUDFDQWKD

/DJDUWLMD

3UHRFXSDFLyQPHQRU

7URSLGXULGDH

0LFURORSKXV RFFLSLWDOLV

4XLQTXLJXDR ODJDUWLMD

3UHRFXSDFLyQPHQRU

,JXDQLGDH

,JXDQDLJXDQD

,JXDQDYHUGH

3UHRFXSDFLyQPHQRUยฑ &,7(6,,

6HUSLHQWHV &ROXEULGDH

6DXULD

1RPEUH &LHQWtILFR

)DPLOLD

(/$%25$'2%/*22721,(//ร3(=ยฑ0,(0%52(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'5

 $YHV6HJ~QHOLQYHQWDULRGHKXPHGDOHVGHO(FXDGRU %ULRQHVHWDO HQHO+XPHGDO 7DEDFDO KDELWDQ  HVSHFLHV GH DYHV $ FRQWLQXDFLyQ VH SUHVHQWD XQD OLVWD GHWDOODGD GH HVWDV HVSHFLHV \ GH ODV TXH KDELWDQ ORV HFRVLVWHPDV GH ERVTXHV VHFRV GHO FDQWyQ (VWRV GDWRV IXHURQ FRPSLODGRV HQ IXQFLyQ GHO GRFXPHQWR ELEOLRJUiILFR DQWHV LQGLFDGR \ GH ORV FRPHQWDULRVSHUVRQDOHVGHKDELWDQWHVGHOD]RQD 7$%/$1ยƒ$9(65(3257$'$6(1(/&$17ร152&$)8(57( 2UGHQ 3HOHFDQLIRUPHV

$QVHULIRUPHV

&LFRQLLIRUPHV

1RPEUH &LHQWtILFR

)DPLOLD 3KDODFURFRUDFLGDH

3KDODFURFRUD[ EUDVLOLDQXV

3DWRFXHUYRR FRUPRUiQ

$PDUJHQGHULHVJR

'HQGURF\JQD ELFRORU

3DWRVLOYDGRUFDQHORR SDWRPDUtD

$SpQGLFH,,&06

$QDVGLVFRUV

&HUFHWDDOLD]XO

$SpQGLFH,, &06 PLJUDWRULDERUHDO

(JUHWWDWKXOD

*DUFHWDQtYHD



(JUHWWDDOED

*DUFHWDJUDQGH

0LJUDWRULDERUHDO

$UGHDFRFRL

*DU]zQFRFRL



%XWRULGHVVWULDWXV

*DU]LOODHVWULDGD



$QDWLGDH

$UGHLGDH

(VWDGRGH FRQVHUYDFLyQ

1RPEUH9XOJDU

  Pรกgina79de395




)DOFRQLIRUPHV

*UXLIRUPHV 

&KDUDGULLIRUPHV

&ROXPELIRUPHV

3VLWWDFLIRUPHV

Nyctiocorax nictiocorax

*DU]DQRFWXUQD

0LJUDWRULDERUHDO

7LJULVRPD OLQHDWXP

*DU]DWLJUHFDVWDxD



%XEXOFXVLELV

*DUFHWDEXH\HUD

0LJUDWRULDERUHDO

7KUHVNLRUQLWKLGDH

0HVHPEULQLELV VS

,ELVFDQJUHMHUR



&DWKDUWLGDH

&RUDJ\SVDWUDWXV

*DOOLQD]RQHJUR

$SpQGLFH,,&06

3DQGLRQ KDOLDHWXV

$JXLODSHVFDGRUD

%XWHRJDOOXVVS

*DYLOiQVDEDQHUR

3RUSK\UXOD PDUWLQLFD

*DOODUHWDSUSXUD



*DOOLQXOD &KORURSXV

*DOODUHWDFRPQ



-DFDQLGDH

-DFDQDMDFDQD

-DFDQD



&KDUDGULLGDH

&KDUDGULXVVS

&KRUOLWR

&ROXPEDOLYLD

3DORPDGRPpVWLFD



&ROXPELQD SDVVHULQD

7RUWROLWDFRP~Q



&ROXPELD FUX]LDQD

7XUUHQJD



=HQDLGD DXULFXODWD

3DORPDIUHMROHUD



=HQDLGDDVLiWLFD

3DORPDDODEODQFD



)RUSXVFRHOHVWLV

3HULTXLWRGHOSDFuILFR

$SpQGLFH,,&,7(6

%URWRJHULVVS

3HULFRFDFKHWLJULV

(QGpPLFRGH (FXDGRU$OPDUJHQ GHULHVJRDSpQGLFH ,,&,7(6

3LRQXV PHQVWUXXV

3HULFRJULHJRR FDEHFLD]XO

$SpQGLFH,,&,7(6

$UDWLQJDVS

3HULFRFDUHWLUURMR

9XOQHUDEOH $SpQGLFH,,&,7(6

$FFLSLWULGDH

5DOOLGDH

&ROXPELGDH

3VLWWDFLGDH 

$SpQGLFH,,&06 $SpQGLFH,,&,7(6 $SpQGLFH,,&06 $SpQGLFH,,&,7(6

$SpQGLFH,,&06 0LJUDWRULDERUHDO

  Pรกgina80de395


 &XFXOLIRUPHV

&XFXOLGDH

&URWRSKDJDDQL

*DUUDSDWHUR



6WULJLIRUPHV

7\WRQLGDH

7\WRDOED

/HFKX]DFDPSDQDULD

$SpQGLFH,,&,7(6

$OFHGLQLGDH

&KORURFHU\OH LQGD

0DUWLQSHVFDGRU YHUGHURMLMR



0RPRWLGDH

0RPRWDPRPRWD

3HGURWHFXOHEUHUR PRPRWRFRURQLD]XO



7URFKLOLGDH

$PD]LOLDDPD]LOLD

&KXSDIORU

$SpQGLFH,,&,7(6

7\UDQQ\GDH

)OXYLFROD QHQJHWD

7LUDQLRGHDJXD



+LUXQGLQLGDH

$WWLFRUDIDVFLDWD

*RORQGULQDIDMLEODQFD



7KUDXSLGDH

'LJORVVRSLVVS

3LFDIORUD]XODGR



)XUQDULGDH

)XUQDULXVVS

2OOHURXKRUQHUR



,FWHUXVVS

2URSpQGROD



&DFLFXVFHOD

2URSpQGRODRFDFLTXH



'LYHV ZDUV]HZLF]L

QHJURILQR



0LPXV ORQJLFDXGDWXV

&KHRVLQVRQWH



&RUDFLIRUPHV

$SRGLIRUPHV

3DVHULIRUPHV ,FWHULGDH

0LPLGDH

(/$%25$'2325%/*22721,(//ร3(=ยฑ0,(0%52(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'5

 0DPtIHURV/RVPDPtIHURVVRQHOJUXSR]RROyJLFRPD\RU DPHQD]DGRSRUYDULRVIDFWRUHV \DVHDSRUHOFUHFLPLHQWRGHPRJUiILFRSRUODH[SDQVLyQGHODIURQWHUDDJUtFRODRSRUODFD]D IXUWLYD 6HJ~QIXHQWHVORFDOHVHQOD]RQDDOWDGHOFDQWyQ\HQODVFROLQDVGHOVHFWRURHVWH OtPLWHV FRQHOFDQWyQ3RUWRYLHMR VHSXHGHQREVHUYDUODVGRVHVSHFLHVGHYHQDGRHOGHFRODEODQFD 2GRFRLOHXV YLUJLQLDQXV  \ HO YHQDGR VRFKH FRORUDGR 0D]DPD DPHULFDQD  HO FDEH]D GH PDWH (LUDEDUEDUD \HOSHUH]RVRGHGRVXxDV &KRORHSXVKRIIPDQQL HQWUHORVSULQFLSDOHV PDPtIHURVJUDQGHV(QODV]RQDVEDMDVGHOFDQWyQXQPDPtIHURSUHVHQWHHVOD]DULJXHOOD 'LGHOSKLVPDUVXSLDOLV FRQRFLGRORFDOPHQWHFRPR]RUUR      Pรกgina81de395


 7$%/$1ยƒ(63(&,(6'(0$0ร‹)(5265(3257$'26 25'(1

$UWLRGDFW\OD

'LGHOSKLPRUSKLD

)$0,/,$

&HUYLGDH

'LGHOSKLGDH



120%5( &,(17ร‹),&2

120%5( 98/*$5

(67$'2'( &216(59$&,ร1

Odocoileus virginianus peruvianus

9HQDGRFROD EODQFD

(QSHOLJUR

Mazama americana

9HQDGRFRORUDGR

&DVLDPHQD]DGR

Didelphys marsupialis

=DULJยH\D



Philander opossum

=RUUDGHFXDWUR RMRV



3LORVD

0HJDORQLFKLGDH

Choloepus hoffmanni

3HUH]RVRGHGRV XxDV

9XOQHUDEOH

&DUQtYRUD

0XVWHOLGDH

Eira barbara

&DEH]DGHPDWH

&,7(6,,,

&DQLGDH

Lycalopex sechurae

3HUURGHPRQWH

&DVLDPHQD]DGD GDWRV LQVXILFLHQWHV

1RFWLOLRQLGDH

Noctilio albiventris

0XUFLpODJR SHVFDGRU



0XULGDH

Rattus norvegicus

5DWDFRP~Q



6FLXULGDH

Sciurus stramineus

DUGLOOD



&KLURSWHUD

 5RGHQWLD

(/$%25$'2325%/*22721,(//ร3(=ยฑ0,(0%52(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'5

F  *(5023/$60$(V HO FRQMXQWR GH JHQHV TXH VH WUDQVPLWH SRU OD UHSURGXFFLyQ D OD GHVFHQGHQFLD SRU PHGLR GH JDPHWRV R FpOXODV UHSURGXFWRUDV VH XWLOL]D SDUD GHVLJQDU HO JHQRPD GH ODV HVSHFLHV VLOYHVWUHV \ QR JHQpWLFDPHQWH PRGLILFDGDV GH LQWHUpV SDUD OD DJULFXOWXUD&RQ HO ILQ GH FRQVHUYDU HVWH PDWHULDO JHQpWLFR HQ FXDOTXLHUD GH VXV IyUPXODV UHSURGXFWLYDV VHPLOODV HVTXHMHV WXEpUFXORV HWF  VH GHEHUtDQ HVWDEOHFHU HQ HO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH R SRU OR PHQRV HQ OD 3URYLQFLD GH 0DQDEt XQ %DQFR GH JHUPRSODVPD FRQ HO REMHWLYR GH XELFDU UHFROHFWDU FRQVHUYDU \ FDUDFWHUL]DU HO SODVPD JHUPLQDO GH ODV SODQWDV TXH SRU VXV P~OWLSOHV SURSLHGDGHV EHQHILFLRVDV VRQ FRQVLGHUDGRV SULRULWDULRV SDUD HO EHQHILFLR GH OD KXPDQLGDG DGHPiV GH DSRUWDU FRQRFLPLHQWR FLHQWtILFR RULHQWDGR D OD RSWLPL]DFLyQGHODFRQVHUYDFLyQ\XVRGHORVUHFXUVRVILWRJHQpWLFRV   Pรกgina82de395


 'HVGHTXHDSDUHFLyHOPRGHORGHODUHYROXFLyQYHUGHORVFDPSHVLQRVIXHURQDGRSWDQGROD QXHYDWHFQRORJtDHQWUHORVFRPSRQHQWHVTXHIXHURQLQFOXLGRVHQODQXHYDIRUPD GHKDFHU DJULFXOWXUDHVWiQODVVHPLOODVPHMRUDGDV YDULHGDGHVHKtEULGRV ODVPLVPDVTXHWDQVRORHQ  DxRV KDQ GHVSOD]DGR D OD VHPLOOD QDWLYD \ WUDGLFLRQDO TXH IXHURQ VHOHFFLRQDGDV \ PDQHMDGDV SRU ORV FDPSHVLQRV GXUDQWH VLJORV DFWXDOPHQWH KDQ GHVDSDUHFLGR FDVL SRU FRPSOHWRFRQODFRQVHFXHQWHSpUGLGDGHVREHUDQtDSDUDODSUHVHQWHV\IXWXUDVJHQHUDFLRQHV GHODKXPDQLGDG /D(VWDFLyQ([SHULPHQWDOGHO,QVWLWXWR1DFLRQDO$XWyQRPRGH,QYHVWLJDFLRQHV$JURSHFXDULDV ,1,$3ยฑ3RUWRYLHMRGLVSRQHGHOVLJXLHQWHEDQFRGHJHUPRSODVPD 7$%/$1ยž%$1&2'(*(5023/$60$'(/,1,$3ยฑ325729,(-2 &8/7,92 0Dt]

&$17,'$''(0$7(5,$/(6 PDWHULDOHV

&tWULFRV

 YDULHGDGHV HQWUH QDUDQMDV WRURQMD OLPyQ KtEULGRV LQWHUHVSHFtILFRV \ SDWURQHV

0DQJR

JHQRWLSRVFULROORV\YDULHGDGHVGHH[SRUWDFLyQ

9LG 0DUDxyQ

YDULHGDGHV\SREODFLRQHVQXHYDV JHQRWLSRVFRQGLIHUHQWHVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDV

3LxyQ

DFFHVLRQHV

+LJXHULOOD

DFFHVLRQHV

0DQt

PDWHULDOHV

&DXSt

PDWHULDOHV

<XFD

PDWHULDOHV

&DPRWH

PDWHULDOHV

(VSHFLHVIRUHVWDOHV

QDWLYDV\RHQGpPLFDVHQYtDVGHH[WLQFLyQ

)8(17(,1,$3ยฑ325729,(-2 (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(

  Pรกgina83de395


 &21752/ < 35202&,ร1 (Q OD DFWXDOLGDG VRQ HVFDVDV ODV VHPLOODV QDWLYDV \ WUDGLFLRQDOHVTXHVHFRQVHUYDQHQWUHORVFDPSHVLQRVHVSRUHVRTXHVHGHEHFRQVLGHUDUORV VLJXLHQWHVSURJUDPDVGHDFFLyQ (VXUJHQWHUHFXSHUDUHOFRQRFLPLHQWRWUDGLFLRQDO\UHJLVWUDUORSDUDHYLWDUTXHVHSLHUGD8QD SDUWHPX\LPSRUWDQWHGHOVDEHUORFDOHVHOFRQRFLPLHQWRGHODDJURELRGLYHUVLGDGPRWLYRSRU HO FXDO OD DJURHFRORJtD GHEH YDORUDU \ UHFRJHU YLVLRQHV \ SUiFWLFDV GH OD DJULFXOWXUD FDPSHVLQD (VWR VHUYLUi VLQ GXGD SDUD SRQHU HQ SUiFWLFD OD VREHUDQtD DOLPHQWDULD6H GHEH HQWHQGHUTXHยณHOFRQRFLPLHQWRODFXOWXUD\ODVIRUPDVGHFRQYLYHQFLDVRFLDOKDQJDUDQWL]DGR ODFRQVHUYDFLyQGHODDJURELRGLYHUVLGDG3RUORWDQWRQRHVSRVLEOHVHSDUDUODVVHPLOODVGHO FRQRFLPLHQWRORFDOยด/RVDVSHFWRVTXHGHEHUiFRQVLGHUDUVRQ x /DVVHPLOODVVRQSDWULPRQLRGHODKXPDQLGDG\SRUWDQWRQRSXHGHQVHUSDWHQWDGDV x /LEUHFLUFXODFLyQGHODVVHPLOODV\IDYRUHFHUODFRQVHUYDFLyQ\UHSURGXFFLyQLQVLWX x 3URPRYHUODLQYHVWLJDFLyQSDUWLFLSDWLYDORFDO x 1RSHUPLWLUODSUHVHQFLDGHVHPLOODV\FXOWLYRVWUDQVJpQLFRVHQHOSDtV  $*8$   &8(1&$6+,'52*5รˆ),&$6 /D SULQFLSDO FXHQFD KLGURJUiILFD HV OD GHO UtR 3RUWRYLHMR TXH SDVD SRU 5RFDIXHUWH \ TXH VH XQHFRQHOUtR&KLFRDQWHVGHGHVHPERFDUHQHO2FpDQR3DFtILFR DODDOWXUDGHOVHFWRUGH %RFDVHQODFRPXQLGDG6RVRWH (QHOH[WUHPR1RUWHGHOFDQWyQDSDUHFHQRWURVVLVWHPDV IOXYLDOHV WHPSRUDOHV  FRPR OD PLFURFXHQFD GH 2MR GH $JXD HVWHURV 'DQ]DUtQ *XDUDQJR PLHQWUDVTXHDO6XURHVWHORKDFHODFXHQFDGHOUtR-DUDPLMy /D FXHQFD GHO ULR 3RUWRYLHMR VH HQFXHQWUD XELFDGR HQ OD SDUWH FHQWUDO GH OD SURYLQFLD GH 0DQDEt6XH[WHQVLyQHVGH.P3DUDHIHFWRVGHFDUDFWHUL]DFLyQVHKDGLYLGLGRDOD FXHQFDHQWUHVSDUWHV 8QD&XHQFD$OWDFX\DDOWXUDVREUHHOQLYHOGHOPDUIOXFW~DHQWUHORV\PVQP\TXH FRPSUHQGHGHVGHHOHPEDOVHGH3R]D+RQGDKDVWDODSDUURTXLD/RGDQDHQHOULR3RUWRYLHMR FXEULHQGRORVFDQWRQHVGH0D\R6DQWD$QD\SDUWHGH-LSLMDSDDVtFRPRODSDUWHDOWDGHO FDQWyQ 3RUWRYLHMR HQ OD FXHQFD GHO 5LR &KLFR &RUUHVSRQGH D OD ]RQD GH PRQWDxD FDUDFWHUL]DGD SRU IXHUWHV SHQGLHQWHV DOWD SOXYLRVLGDG \ XQ JUDGR GH LQWHUYHQFLyQ DOWR \ PHGLR GHELGR D OD GHIRUHVWDFLyQ SDUD FRQYHUVLyQ D SDVWL]DO R SDUD FXOWLYRV HQ ODGHUDV GH IXHUWHV SHQGLHQWHV (VWD VLWXDFLyQ FRQWULEX\H DO GHWHULRUR GH OD FREHUWXUD YHJHWDO FRQ ORV   Pรกgina84de395


 VLJXLHQWHV SUREOHPDV GH GHVOL]DPLHQWRV \ HURVLyQ GH PiUJHQHV FXDQGR VH SUHVHQWDQ SUHFLSLWDFLRQHVDOWDVRHYHQWRVFOLPiWLFRVH[WUHPRV 8QD 3DUWH ,QWHUPHGLD TXH YD GHVGH /RGDQD KDVWD OD SDUURTXLD 0HMtD  PVQP  HQ HO FDQWyQ3RUWRYLHMR\GRQGHVHORFDOL]DODPD\RUSDUWHGHODSREODFLyQGHODFXHQFD(QHVWD SDUWH FRPLHQ]D HO YDOOH SURSLDPHQWH GLFKR \ GHVGH DTXt \D VH REVHUYD HO SURFHVR GH VHGLPHQWDFLyQHQHOFDXFHGHLQXQGDFLyQ\HURVLyQHQODVPiUJHQHVGHOUtR6HFDUDFWHUL]D SRUTXHHQHOODVHDVLHQWDODPD\RUFDQWLGDGGHODSREODFLyQ\ODVPD\RUHVDJUHVLRQHVDOUtR HQWpUPLQRVDPELHQWDOHV )LQDOPHQWHXQD&XHQFD%DMDTXHFRPSUHQGHGHVGHORVPVQPKDVWDODGHVHPERFDGXUD GHOUtR3RUWRYLHMRHQHO2FpDQR3DFtILFR\FXEUHEiVLFDPHQWHHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH\SDUWH GHOFDQWyQ6XFUH(VODJUDQUHFHSWRUDGHDJXD\VHGLPHQWRVSURGXFLGRVHQODFXHQFDDOWD\ WUDQVLWDGDDWUDYpVGHOFXUVRLQWHUPHGLRGHODFXHQFD(VXQD]RQDDOWDPHQWHVHQVLEOHSRUOR TXH ORV LPSDFWRV DPELHQWDOHV GH OD LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD SULQFLSDOPHQWH YLDO KDQ DJUDYDGR ORV SUREOHPDVGHLQXQGDFLRQHV\ODVHGLPHQWDFLyQGHOYDOOH /DV VXEFXHQFDV \ PLFURFXHQFDV TXH FRQIRUPDQ HO VLVWHPD R OD FXHQFD GHO 5tR 3RUWRYLHMR VRQ 5LR &KLFR 5LR 3RUWRYLHMR 5LR /RGDQD 5LR %DFKLOOHUR (PEDOVH 3R]D +RQGD \ 5LR 9LVTXLMH 'HORVDQWHULRUPHQWHFLWDGRVVRQORVUtRV3RUWRYLHMR\&KLFRTXLHQHVFRQVWLWX\HQHOSULQFLSDO UHFXUVRKLGUROyJLFRGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH\HVHOUHFHSWRUGHWRGDVODVDJXDVGHODFXHQFD TXHHQVXSDUWHVXSHULRUVHHPEDOVDQHQODSUHVD3R]D+RQGD\DORODUJRGHVXUHFRUULGR UHFLEH ODV GH QXPHURVRV DIOXHQWHV FRQ XQD GHVFDUJD DQXDO GH  KHFWyPHWURV F~ELFRV FRPRSURPHGLR 7RPDQGR FRPR EDVH OD GLYLVLyQ KLGURJUiILFD HQ FXHQFDV \ VXEFXHQFDV UHDOL]DGDV SRU 0$*$3&/,56(1 \ DSUREDGDV HQ HO  SRU HO &RPLWp ,QWHULQVWLWXFLRQDO VH GHOLPLWy ODV FXHQFDV VXEFXHQFDV \ PLFURFXHQFDV VREUH FDUWDV WRSRJUiILFDV GLJLWDOHV\ FXUYDV GH QLYHO WHQLHQGRFRPRUHIHUHQFLDORVPRGHORVGHOWHUUHQRHQ]RQDVGHSRFDGHILQLFLyQDOWLPpWULFD  (O iUHD GH GUHQDMH GHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH FRUUHVSRQGH D OD FXHQFD GHO UtR 3RUWRYLHMR\ &KRQH\ D ODVVXEFXHQFDV GH ORV UtRV 3RUWRYLHMR &KLFR &DUUL]DO\ ORV (VWHURV%DFKLOOHUR\ 3DMRQDO (Q HVWDViUHDV VH HQFXHQWUDQ PLFURFXHQFDVODV FXDOHV VH HQXQFLDQ D FRQWLQXDFLyQ    Pรกgina85de395


 ย™ (VWHUR(O0XHUWR ย™ (VWHUR/D3DSD\D ย™ PLFURFXHQFDVVLQQRPEUHTXHDOLPHQWDQODVDJXDVGHOUtR3RUWRYLHMRORFDOL]DGDVDO H[WUHPRRFFLGHQWDOGHOFDQWyQ ย™ 5tR&KLFR 3RURWURODGRHOUtR3RUWRYLHMRWLHQHXQUpJLPHQSHUPDQHQWHSRUODUHJXODFLyQGHOHPEDOVH GH3R]D+RQGDVLWXDFLyQTXHPHMRUDFRQODSXHVWDHQPDUFKDGHOWUDVYDVH/D(VSHUDQ]D 3R]D+RQGD\FRQODQHFHVLGDGGHDEDVWHFHUGHDJXDFUXGDDODVSODQWDVGHWUDWDPLHQWRGH &XDWUR (VTXLQDV \ (O &HLEDO pVWD ~OWLPD SODQWD VH XELFD HQ HO WHUULWRULR FDQWRQDO GH 5RFDIXHUWHDODDOWXUDGHODFRPXQLGDG(O3XHEOLWRHVDGPLQLVWUDGDSRUOD(PSUHVDGH$JXD GHO&DQWyQ0DQWDTXLHQYHQGHHOOtTXLGRYLWDOSURFHVDGRDOD(PSUHVD0XQLFLSDOGH$JXD 3RWDEOH\$OFDQWDULOODGRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH (3$3$5 TXLHQDVXYH]ODGLVWULEX\HDOD SREODFLyQORFDOSULQFLSDOPHQWHXUEDQD (Q pSRFD GH OOXYLDV ORV FDPSRV VH LQXQGDQ \ HVWR HV IDYRUDEOH D OD DJULFXOWXUD SULQFLSDOPHQWHSDUDHOFXOWLYRGHDUUR]\SDUDODIRUPDFLyQGHFXHUSRVGHDJXD KXPHGDOHVR FLpQDJDV WHPSRUDOHVTXHDFXPXODQDJXDTXHHVXWLOL]DGDSDUDULHJR\JDQDGHUtD ,JXDOPHQWHGDGDODLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDHQPDWHULDGHULHJR\GUHQDMHTXHH[LVWHHQHOWHUULWRULR FDQWRQDOHODJXDGHHVWDFXHQFDVHXWLOL]DHQVLVWHPDVGHULHJRSDUDSODQWDFLRQHVDJUtFRODV GH FLFOR FRUWR \ SHUHQQH OR FXDO HV OD SULQFLSDO DFWLYLGDG SURGXFWLYD GH ORV SREODGRUHV 5RFDIRUWHQVHV           Pรกgina86de395


 0$3$1ยž&8(1&$6+,'52*5รˆ),&$6

 )8(17(,((

 '($*8$



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'



',6321,%,/,'$''(,1)5$(6758&785$/2&$/3$5$(/6(59,&,2

(Q HO SUHVHQWH DQiOLVLV QR VH UHILHUH D OD FDOLGDG GHO VHUYLFLR SXHV QR VH WRPD HQ FXHQWD OD FDQWLGDG \ FRPSRVLFLyQ TXtPLFRELROyJLFD GHO DJXD QL HO KRUDULR GH DEDVWHFLPLHQWR6LQ HPEDUJR HV PX\ QRWRULR TXH HO DEDVWHFLPLHQWR GH DJXD QR OOHJD GH OD PLVPD PDQHUD H LQWHQVLGDGHQWRGDVODV]RQDVGHO&DQWyQVLHQGRDVtTXHVRORUHFLEHQDJXDGHODUHGS~EOLFDHO GHOiUHDXUEDQD\HOGHOiUHDUXUDOTXHGDQGRXQDQLYHOFDQWRQDOTXH VHDEDVWHFHGHDJXDSRURWURVPHGLRVFRPRVRQSR]RVUtRVYHUWLHQWHVFDUURUHSDUWLGRUOOXYLD \DOEDUUDGDV

  Pรกgina87de395


 *5$),&21ยž)250$6'($%$67(&,0,(172'($*8$

 )8(17(,1(&&(162 (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(

'HDFXHUGRDOHVWXGLRUHDOL]DGRSRUHO,((HOGpILFLWKtGULFRGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHVGH PPDPPVLHQGRODWHPSRUDGDPiVOOXYLRVDGH(QHURD$EULO\ODPiVVHFDGH-XQLRD 'LFLHPEUH (ODEDVWHFLPLHQWRySWLPRGHDJXDSDUDFRQVXPRKXPDQRHVGHOLWURVSRUGtDSRUKDELWDQWH OR TXH HTXLYDOH D  P DO PHV \  P DO DxR SRU KDELWDQWH HQ OD WDEOD  VH LQGLFD OD FDQWLGDG GH DJXD TXH DFWXDOPHQWH VH GRWD SRU KDELWDQWH HQ OD ]RQD XUEDQD \ UXUDO \ OD &DQWLGDGGHDJXDRSWLPDTXHGHEHUtDGRWDUVHSDUDFXEULUODVQHFHVLGDGHVHOHPHQWDOHVGHFDGD KDELWDQWH 7$%/$1ยž$%$67(&,0,(172'($*8$$&78$/<5(48(5,'$ &$1721

32%/$&,21

$%$67

'(0$1'$'( 32%/$&,21

52&$)8(57(

+DE

$&78$/

$*8$PDO

P



+DE

'(0$1'$'( $*8$PDO 

85%$1$









585$/









727$/











)8(17((3$3$5(/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1

/DGRWDFLyQGHDJXDSDUDFRQVXPRKXPDQRVHODUHDOL]DPHGLDQWHGRVWDQTXHVUHVHUYRULRV GHDJXDSRWDEOHTXHVHDEDVWHFHQGHODSODQWDGH(O&HLEDODGPLQLVWUDGDSRUOD(3$0GHOD FLXGDG GH 0DQWD SHUR TXH HVWi XELFDGD HQ WHUULWRULR GH 5RFDIXHUWH SDUD GRWDU GH HVWH VHUYLFLRDODSREODFLyQGH5RFDIXHUWH\ODVFRPXQLGDGHVGH3XHUWR/RRU7LHUUDV$PDULOODV

  Pรกgina88de395


 &DOLIRUQLD *XDELWDO (O +RUFyQ %XHQRV $LUHV /D -DJXD 7DEDFDOHV /RV 5tRV ([LVWHQ ODV SODQWDV GH WUDWDPLHQWR SDUD DJXD SRWDEOH GH 6DQ 0LJXHO GH 7UHV &KDUFRV OD GH 'DQ]DUtQ TXH GD DJXD D (O &DUGyQ \ /DV )ORUHV \ OD GH 6RVRWH TXH GD DJXD D 6RVRWH $GHQWUR $GHPiV /D FRPXQLGDG GH (O 3XHEOLWR \ 6DQ -RVp GH ODV 3HxDV TXH UHFLEHQ DJXD GLUHFWDPHQWH GH (O &HLEDO H[LVWHQ RWUDV FRPXQLGDGHV TXH WLHQHQ VX SURSLR VLVWHPD GH DEDVWHFLPLHQWRGHDJXDHQWXEDGDFRPRVRQ9DOGH]5HVEDOyQ1XHYR3DTXLVKD6DQ(OR\ 6DQ$QGUpV6DQ-DFLQWR/D*XD\DED+LJXHUyQ(O&HUULWRTXHGRWDGHDJXDD(O)UXWLOOR\ SDUWHGHOD*XD\DED (Q OD ]RQD XUEDQD H[LVWHQ  YLYLHQGDV FRQ VHUYLFLR GH DJXD SRWDEOH HQ OD ]RQD UXUDO  YLYLHQGDV FRQ VHUYLFLR GH DJXD SRWDEOH OR TXH GD XQ WRWDO GH  YLYLHQGDV HQ HO FDQWyQFRQVHUYLFLRGHDJXDSRWDEOHSHURKD\FRQVHUYLFLRGHDJXDHQWXEDGDFRQFORUR SHURVLQSRWDELOL]DU (QHOiUHDXUEDQDWRGRDTXHOTXHWLHQHXQDJXtDGRPLFLOLDULDGHDJXDSRWDEOHWLHQHTXHHVWDU FRQHFWDGRDODOFDQWDULOODGRVDQLWDULRODPHQWDEOHPHQWHQRWRGRVORVXVXDULRVFXPSOHFRQOR HVSHFLILFDGR GH DFXHUGR D HVWRV SDUiPHWURV VHJ~Q GDWRV GH OD (3$3$5 HO  GH ODV YLYLHQGDV FRQ VHUYLFLR GH DJXD HVWiQ FRQHFWDGRV D OD UHG GH DJXDV VHUYLGDV (O $OFDQWDULOODGR 3OXYLDO XUEDQR WLHQH FREHUWXUD GHO  )XHQWH (3$3$5  'HQWUR GHO WHUULWRULRFDQWRQDOVHREVHUYDTXHORV~QLFRVFRQHFWDGRVDXQDUHGS~EOLFDGHDOFDQWDULOODGR VRQ ORV KDELWDQWHV GH OD FLXGDG GH 5RFDIXHUWH FRUUHVSRQGLHQWH DO  GH OD SREODFLyQ PLHQWUDVHOSRUFHQWDMHUHVWDQWHHOLPLQDVXVH[FUHWDVDWUDYpVGHSR]RVVpSWLFRVGHVFDUJDVD UtRVRTXHEUDGDVRSRUPHGLRGHOHWULQDV       

  Pรกgina89de395


 0$3$1ยž'(),&,7+,'5,&2'(/&$172152&$)8(57(

)8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'

 $,5( (ODLUHFRPRHOHPHQWRLQGLVSHQVDEOHSDUDODYLGDGHEHHVWDUHQySWLPDVFRQGLFLRQHVSDUD TXHORVKDELWDQWHVGHXQVHFWRUWHQJDQXQDEXHQDFDOLGDGGHYLGD(QHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH HODLUHSUHVHQWDXQDGHJUDGDFLyQEDMDGHELGRDTXHHQVXWHUULWRULRQRVHDVLHQWDQQLQJ~Q WLSRGHLQGXVWULDV /RVSUREOHPDVPiVLPSRUWDQWHVVXFHGHQHQOD]RQDUXUDOGRQGHVHFRQWDPLQDHODLUHSRUHO XVRLQFRUUHFWRGHDJURTXtPLFRVGHDFXHUGRDORTXHPDQLILHVWDQVXVKDELWDQWHV\DTXHQR H[LVWHQGRFXPHQWRVTXHSXHGDQFRUURERUDUHVWDLQIRUPDFLyQ (QWUHODVFXVDVTXHDIHFWDQODFDOLGDGGHODLUHHQODVDVDPEOHDV]RQDOHVORVFLXGDGDQRVTXH SDUWLFLSDURQ GH HOODV LQGLFDQ TXH HVWiQ 0DORV RORUHV SURGXFLGRV SRU XQD VHFDGRUD GH SHVFDGR XELFDGD HQ HO VLWLR OD 6HTXLWD GH OD 3DUURTXLD &UXFLWD GHO FDQWyQ 3RUWRYLHMR TXH HVWi HQ ORV OtPLWHV FRQ OD FRPXQLGDG GH +LJXHUyQ \D TXH ORV YLHQWRV PDULQRV ORV OOHYDQ KDVWD ODV GLIHUHQWHV FRPXQLGDGHV HO SROYR HQ ORV OXJDUHV GRQGH ODV YtDV QR HVWiQ DVIDOWDGDVODTXHPDGHUDVWURMRVTXHPDGHEDVXUDGHVHFKRVERWDGRVHQODVYtDVPDQHMR LQDGHFXDGRGHH[FUHWDVDJXDVHVWDQFDGDVGHVLQWHJUDFLyQGHEDWHUtDVHWF (QOD]RQDXUEDQDORVSUREOHPDVPiVDJXGRVVRQHOUXLGRYHKLFXODUWUDQVLWRGHVRUGHQDGR P~VLFD GRPLFLOLDULD PDORV RORUHV GH ODV DOFDQWDULOODV HQ FLHUWRV VHFWRUHV OHWULQDV HQ PDO   Pรกgina90de395


 HVWDGR FKDQFKHUDV SDUWtFXODV HPLWLGDV SRU SLODGRUDV \ DVHUUtRV WDOOHUHV PHFiQLFRV TXH GHVSLGHQRORUHVWy[LFRVGLVSRVLFLyQLQDGHFXDGRVGHGHVHFKRVRUJiQLFRVHLQRUJiQLFRVHWF  $0(1$=$623(/,*526 (O FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH SRU VX XELFDFLyQ JHRJUiILFD WLHQH GRV DPHQD]DV FRQVWDQWHV XQD SRU LQYLHUQRV IXHUWHV HQ OD =RQD %DMD GHELGR D TXH HQ HO YDOOH GHO ULR 3RUWRYLHMR VH SURGXFHQ LQXQGDFLRQHV\HQOD=RQD$OWDGHOFDQWyQFDUHQFLDGHDJXDRVHTXLDGXUDQWHORVPHVHVGH MXQLR D GLFLHPEUH FXDQGR SXHGHQ DOPDFHQDU DJXD HQ LQYLHUQR  SHUR VL ORV LQYLHUQRV VRQ VHFRV VH SURGXFH VHTXLD GXUDQWH WRGR HO DxR RWUD GH ODV DPHQD]DV TXH WLHQH HO WHUULWRULR 5RFDIRUWHQVH VRQ ORV GHVOL]DPLHQWRV  GH PDVDV SRU IXHUWHV OOXYLDV R VLVPRV HQ ]RQDV SREODGDV \ QR SREODGDV HVSHFLDOPHQWH HQ FLHUWRV FHUURV TXH HVWiQ GHIRUHVWDGR \ VH HQFXHQWUDQHURVLRQDGDVHVWRVHVWiQXELFDGRVHQODVFRPXQLGDGHVGH6DQ(OR\'DQ]DUtQ 5HVEDOyQ\6DQ-DFLQWR  3DUD DWHQGHU ODV HPHUJHQFLDV SURGXFLGDV SRU FXDOTXLHUD GH HVWDV DPHQD]DV HO *$' 5RFDIXHUWH FXHQWD FRQ XQD 6HFFLyQ HQ *HVWLyQ GH 5LHVJR OD PLVPD TXH HV SDUWH GH OD 'LUHFFLyQ GH 3ODQLILFDFLyQ \ 3UR\HFWRV FXHQWDFRQ HO DSR\R WpFQLFR \HTXLSDPLHQWR GH ODV VLJXLHQWHVLQVWLWXFLRQHV x

&XHUSRGH%RPEHURV

x

&UX]5RMD(FXDWRULDQD

x

0LQLVWHULRGH6DOXG3XEOLFD

x

&1(/

x

3ROLFtD1DFLRQDO

x

3URWHFFLyQ&LYLO

x

(3$3$5

x

&RQVHMRGHVHJXULGDG&LXGDGDQD

x

0,(6

 $GLFLRQDO VH FXHQWD FRQ XQ DOEHUJXH PXQLFLSDO \ FRQ OD FRODERUDFLyQ GH DVRFLDFLRQHV FRPXQLWDULDV TXH GH VHU QHFHVDULR SUHVWDUDQ VXV LQVWDODFLRQHV SDUD KDFHU DOEHUJXHV SURYLVLRQDOHV $GHPiV GH ODV DPHQD]DV QDWXUDOHV VH FXHQWDQ FRQ DPHQD]DV $QWUySLFDV HQ ODV TXH SRGHPRV FLWDU OD TXHPD GH EDVXUD OD WDOD GH iUEROHV DXQTXH FDEH UHFDOFDU TXH HVWD   Pรกgina91de395


 DPHQD]D HQ OD DFWXDOLGDG HVWi GLVPLQX\HQGR \D TXH HVWi FRQWURODGD SRU HO 0LQLVWHULR GHO $PELHQWH OD FRQWDPLQDFLyQ GHO DJXD GH ORV UtRV \ FDQDOHV GH ULHJR HQ QXHVWUR FDQWyQ HV DOWDODGHOVXHORHVPHGLDSRUHOXVRQRFRQWURODGRGHDJURTXtPLFRV\GHSyVLWRVGHEDVXUDV HQOXJDUHVQRDGHFXDGRV\ODFRQWDPLQDFLyQGHODLUHEDMD 7$%/$1ยž0$75,='('(6&5,3&,21'($0(1$=$61$785$/(6< $17523,&$6'(/&$172152&$)8(57( $0(1$=$61$785$/(6

8%,&$&,21

2&855(1&,$

,181'$&,21(6

=RQDEDMDGHOFDQWyQ

$OWDHQpSRFD LQYHUQDO

6(48,$

=RQDDOWDGHOFDQWyQ

0HGLDHQPHVHV GH RFWยฑGLF 

6,6026

=RQDDOWD\%DMDGHO FDQWyQ

%DMD

$0(1$=$6$17523,&$





48(0$

=RQDVSURGXFWLYDV

%DMD

7$/$

=RQDDOWDGHOFDQWyQ

%DMD

'(6/,=$0,(1726

=RQDDOWDGHOFDQWyQ

0HGLD PHVHV GHLQYLHUQR 

&217$0,1$&,21

$JXDVXHORDLUH

PHGLD

(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'                       



 

 Pรกgina92de395


 

0$3$6'(5,(6*261$785$/(6'(/&$172152&$)8(57(  0$3$686&(37,%,/,'$'$,181'$&,21(6

 )8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'



0$3$'(6/,=$0,(172'(/&$172152&$)8(57(

 )8(17(,((



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$' 

  Pรกgina93de395




 

 )8(17(,((

 6,17(6,6'(/&20321(17(%,2),6,&2 $FRQWLQXDFLyQVHLQGLFDHO0DSD1ยžHQHOFXDOFRQVWDODVSULQFLSDOHVYDULDEOHVGH DQiOLVLVGHO&RPSRQHQWH%LRItVLFR 0$3$1ยž6,617(6,6'(/&20321(17(%,2),6,&2



(/$%25$'2(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ*$'

 

 Pรกgina94de395


 0$75,='(9$5,$%/(6327(1&,$/,'$'(6<352%/(0$6

   Pรกgina95de395


  





  Pรกgina96de395




 ',$*1ร67,&262&,2&8/785$/  $1รˆ/,6,6'(02*5รˆ),&2 7$6$'(&5(&,0,(17232%/$&,21$/,17(5&(16$/ (OFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHKDFUHFLGRHQHO~OWLPRSHULRGRLQWHUFHQVDOยฑDXQULWPRGHO SURPHGLRDQXDOVHJ~QHOFHQVRGHOODSREODFLyQGHHVWHFDQWyQHVGH KDELWDQWHVFDQWLGDG TXH UHSUHVHQWD HO  GH OD SREODFLyQ HFXDWRULDQD \ HO   GHO WRWDO GH OD SURYLQFLD GH 0DQDEt XELFiQGRVH HQ HO GpFLPR WHUFHU SXHVWR HQWUH ORV FDQWRQHV PDQDELWDVFRQPD\RUQ~PHURGHKDELWDQWHV 7$%/$1ยž1~PHURGHKDELWDQWHVFHQVR\ &(1626 1ยƒ'(+$%,7$17(6 325&(17$-(



)XHQWH,1)23/$1

ยž

















*5$),&21ยž&203$5$&,21'(/$32%/$&,21 3REODFLyQ 

40,000 30,000

33,469 26,021

29,321

1990

2001

20,000 10,000 0 

2010



 7$6$'(&5(&,0,(172/2*$5,70,&$

 

7DVDGHFUHFLPLHQWR























352<(&&,21(6'(02*5$),&$6



  Pรกgina97de395


 (OtQGLFHGHFUHFLPLHQWRSDUDHODxRHVGH\WRPDQGRODSREODFLyQGHOFHQVR GHKDELWDQWHVFRPREDVHODSUR\HFFLyQGHODSREODFLyQGHOFDQWyQSDUDHO DxRVHHVWLPDHQKDELWDQWHV

',675,%8&,Ï1'(/$32%/$&,Ï1325('$'<6(;2 /RV  UDQJRV GH SREODFLyQ SRU HGDGHV LQGLFDQ TXH OD PD\RU SREODFLyQ VH XELFD HQ HO HVWUDWR GH  ±  DxRV FRQ  KDELWDQWHV HV GHFLU HO  VHJXLGR SRU OD SREODFLyQGHDDxRVFRQKDELWDQWHVTXHUHSUHVHQWDQHOGHODSREODFLyQ \ODHGDGFRPSUHQGLGDHQWUHDDxRVFRQKDELWDQWHVTXHUHSUHVHQWDHO /RVGDWRVH[SUHVDGRVGHPXHVWUDQTXHORVPD\RUHVSRUFHQWDMHVGHSREODFLyQVHXELFDQ HQ ORV QLYHOHV LQIDQWH ± DGROHVFHQWHV GHFUHFLHQGR OD SREODFLyQ HQ HO UDQJR GH  D  DxRV\GHDKtHQDGHODQWH 7$%/$ 1ž  (O EDODQFH SREODFLRQDO SRU VH[R FRUUHVSRQGH D  KRPEUHV \ PXMHUHV *UXSRVGHHGDG

KRPEUH 

PXMHU 

KRPEUH 

PXMHU 

KRPEUH 

PXMHU 

KRPEUH 

PXMHU 

±

















±

















±

















±

















±

















±

















±

















±

















±

















±

















±

















±

















±

















±















































































\









&20352%$&,Ï1









  Página98de395




3LUiPLGHGH3REODFLyQ           



Muj2010 

Hom2010

Muj2001







Hom2001









  7$%/$1ยž32%/$&,ร13256(;2



6H[R





+RPEUHV





0XMHUHV





7RWDO



)XHQWH,1)23/$1 *5$),&21ยž

Poblaciรณnporsexo2010

Hombres

49.44% 50.56%

Mujeres

      Pรกgina99de395




',675,%8&,ร1'(/$32%/$&,ร1325รˆ5($'(5(6,'(1&,$ (OGHVXVKDELWDQWHVUHVLGHHQHOiUHDXUEDQDPLHQWUDVHOHQHOiUHDUXUDOOR TXHGHWHUPLQDVXPD\RUWHUULWRULRHOFXDOKDVLGRGLYLGLGRSROtWLFDPHQWHHQFRPXQLGDGHV DVSHFWR TXH KD FRQOOHYDGR D UHFRQRFHUOR D WUDYpV GH OD KLVWRULD FRPR YDOOH DJUtFROD \ JDQDGHUR /D PD\RUtD GH OD SREODFLyQ HVWi FRQFHQWUDGD HQ ]RQDV HQ ODV TXH SXHGH FRQWDU FRQ VHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDGHHGXFDFLyQLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDGHVDOXGLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDYLDO DGHPiV HQ OD TXH SXHGDQ FRQWDU FRQ VXHORV DSWRV SDUD SRGHU GHGLFDUVH D FLHUWDV DFWLYLGDGHV DJUtFRODV \ SHFXDULDV GH HVWD PDQHUD SXHGDQ JHQHUDU DOJ~Q WLSR GH LQJUHVR HFRQyPLFRSDUDVXVKRJDUHV 7$%/$1ยž 6(;2

รˆ5($85%$1$

รˆ5($585$/

727$/



+RPEUH









0XMHU









7RWDO









)XHQWH,1)23/$1 

$872,'(17,),&$&,ร1e71,&$'(/$32%/$&,ร1

6HJ~QGDWRVGHOFHQVR,1(&ODPD\RUSDUWHGHODSREODFLyQGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVH DXWRLGHQWLILFDFRPRPHVWL]D  VHJXLGDGHOPRQWXELRD  DIURGHVFHQGLHQWHV  EODQFRD  RWUDDXWRLGHQWLILFDFLyQ  \HQ~OWLPROXJDUORVLQGtJHQDV   7$%/$$XWRLGHQWLILFDFLyQDQLYHO&DQWRQDOยฑ5RFDIXHUWH

   Pรกgina100de395


 *5รˆ),&21ยž$XWRLGHQWLILFDFLzQDQLYHOFDQWRQDO

  /RV SREODGRUHV GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH WLHQHQ XQ LPSRUWDQWH LQWHUpV \ DSHJR D OD FXOWXUD 0RQWXELD(VLPSRUWDQWHPHQFLRQDUTXHHQHOWHUULWRULRQRVRORGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVLQR HQWRGDODSURYLQFLDGH0DQDEtLQFOXVRGHWRGDODFRVWDHFXDWRULDQDSRVHHXQDLPSRUWDQWH KHUHQFLDFXOWXUDO 5RFDIXHUWHHVSHFLDOPHQWHVXH[WHQVRYDOOHIXHDVHQWDPLHQWRGHODDERULJHQFXOWXUD3LFKRWD WULEXTXHDUULEySRUHOUtR&KRWDVLVWHPDIOXYLDOGHODKR\DGH,EDUUDSURYLQFLDGH,PEDEXUD 'HVSXpV GHO SURFHVR GH FRORQL]DFLyQ TXH LQWURGXMR HO LQHYLWDEOH PHVWL]DMH ORV SXHEORV QDWLYRV GH OD ]RQD IXHURQ DGDSWiQGRVH VXUJLHQGR QXHYDV LGHQWLGDGHV FRPR ORV FKRORV SHVFDGRUHV FKRORV DJULFXOWRUHV \ ORV PRQWXELRV HVWRV ~OWLPRV VH KDQ GHGLFDGR SULQFLSDOPHQWHDODDJULFXOWXUD\JDQDGHUtD

      Pรกgina101de395




 

('8&$&,ร1



7$6$'($6,67(1&,$3251,9(/'(('8&$&,ร1

(QHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHH[LVWHQHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVGHHGXFDFLyQEiVLFD\EDFKLOOHUDWRGH ORV FXDOHV  VH HQFXHQWUDQ HQ OD ]RQD XUEDQD \  HQ OD ]RQD UXUDO \ GHO WRWDO GH HVWH JUXSRVRQHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVXQLGRFHQWHV %DMR HVWH FRQWH[WR HV LPSUHVFLQGLEOH PHQFLRQDU TXH GHQWUR GHO WHUULWRULR FDQWRQDO H[LVWHQ WUHVHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVHGXFDWLYRVODHVFXHODGHHGXFDFLyQEiVLFDGHQRYLHPEUHXELFDGD HQOD&RPXQLGDG6RVRWH$GHQWURHOFHQWURGHHGXFDFLyQLQLFLDO0DQLWRV&UHDGRUDVXELFDGD H[DFWDPHQWH HQ OD FRPXQLGDG GH  6RVRWH \ OD HVFXHOD GH HGXFDFLyQ EiVLFD $QGUpV %HOOR XELFDGD HQ OD FRPXQLGDG 6DQ 3HGUR GH 5HVEDOyQ TXH  HQ OD DFWXDOLGDG SHUWHQHFHQ DO 'LVWULWR HGXFDWLYR ' 3RUWRYLHMR FDXVDQGR LQFRQIRUPLGDG HQ OD SREODFLyQ PDV VLQ HPEDUJRVHGHVFRQRFHQODVUD]RQHV (OQLYHOGHLQVWUXFFLyQPiVDOWRGHQWURGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHVODEiVLFDVXSHULRUFRQ DOXPQRVDVVLJQLILFDQGRHQVHJXQGROXJDUVHHQFXHQWUDHOQLYHOEiVLFDHOHPHQWDO FRQ  DOXPQRVDV FRUUHVSRQGLHQGR DO   VHJXLGR SRU HO QLYHO EiVLFD PHGLD FRQ  DOXPQRVDV LJXDO DO  SRVWHULRU WHQHPRV HO QLYHO EDFKLOOHUDWR FRQ  TXH HTXLYDOH DO  \D HQ TXLQWR OXJDU HO QLYHO SUHSDUDWRULD FRQ  HVWXGLDQWHV FRUUHVSRQGLHQGR DO  HQ VH[WR OXJDU HO QLYHO HGXFDFLyQ LQLFLDO GHQWUR GH HVWH ORV VXEQLYHOHV LQLFLDO  FRQ  DOXPQRVDV HTXLYDOHQWH D  \ HO LQLFLDO  FRQ  DOXPQRVDVHTXLYDOHQWHD  &RPRXQDEDVHDHVWRVQLYHOHVGHHGXFDFLyQHVLPSRUWDQWHPHQFLRQDUTXHHQODDFWXDOLGDG IXQFLRQDQ  &%9  GH HOORV HQ OD ]RQD UXUDO \  GH FDWHJRUtD HPEOHPiWLFR HQ OD ]RQD XUEDQD DVt WDPELpQ OD HGXFDFLyQ VXSHULRU FXHQWD HQ 5RFDIXHUWH FRQ XQ SDUDOHOR GH OD 8QLYHUVLGDG (VWDWDO GH *XD\DTXLO PDV VLQ HPEDUJR SRU OD FHUFDQtD TXH H[LVWH D ORV FDQWRQHV GH 3RUWRYLHMR 0DQWD \ %ROtYDU OD PD\RUtD GH OD SREODFLyQ HVWXGLDQWLO VXSHULRU HVFRJHODVXQLYHUVLGDGHVGHHVWRVFDQWRQHVSDUDUHDOL]DUVXVHVWXGLRV

   

  Pรกgina102de395


 7$%/$1ยž1~PHURGHHVWXGLDQWHVSRUQLYHOGHHGXFDFLyQ (GXFDFLyQLQLFLDO ,QLFLDO

,QLFLDO





%iVLFDHOHPHQWDO 3UHSDUDWRULD ยƒยƒ\ยƒ ยƒJUDGR JUDGR

%iVLFD PHGLD ยƒยƒ\ยƒ JUDGR



 









 







    %iVLFD  VXSHULRU %DFKLOOHUDWR ยƒยƒ\ยƒ  JUDGR

   7RWDO













 7$%/$1ยž2WURVFHQWURVGHHGXFDFLyQ (VWLPXODFLyQ7HPSUDQD (GXFDFLyQ6XSHULRU



&%9

3DUDOHORGHOD8QLYHUVLGDG(VWDWDOGH0DQDEt

 7$%/$1ยž1RPEUHGHHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVHGXFDWLYRV\VXVORFDOLGDGHV  /XJDUHV

1ยƒGH HVWXGLDQWH V

 (VFXHODGH(GXFDFLyQ%iVLFDGHDJRVWR

'DQ]DUtQ



 &HQWURGH(GXFDFLyQ,QLFLDO-LUDILWD

6DQ(OR\



 (VFXHODGH(GXFDFLyQ%iVLFDGH'LFLHPEUH

(O0RWHWH



3DSD\D$GHQWUR



 (VFXHODGH(GXFDFLyQ%iVLFDGH0DU]R

(O0R\X\R





1XHYD (VSHUDQ]D



&HQWURVGH(GXFDWLYRV

 (VFXHODGH(GXFDFLyQ%iVLFD(QULTXH&HGHxR5RGUtJXH]

(VFXHODGH(GXFDFLyQ%iVLFD1XHYD(VSHUDQ]D

 (VFXHODGHHGXFDFLyQ%iVLFD4XHULGD9LOODJRPH]GH&HGHxR QRFWXUQD

5RFDIXHUWH



  Pรกgina103de395


  &HQWURGH(GXFDFLyQ,QLFLDO&DULWDV$OHJUHV 

+LJXHUyQ

 &HQWURGH(GXFDFLyQ,QLFLDO3DWLWR'RQDOG

(O3XHEOLWR

 

 7$%/$1ยž

%$-$

=RQDV

 &RPXQLGDGHV

,QVWLWXFLyQ (GXFDWLYD



1ยƒGH

1ยƒGH

1ยƒGH

HVWXGLDQWHV

SURIHVRUHV

DXODV

6RVRWH

&HQWURGH HGXFDFLyQLQLFLDO /DV$UGLOOLWDV



6RVRWH

8QLGDG(GXFDWLYD 6LPyQ%ROtYDU



+LJXHUyQ

-DUGtQ&DULWDV $OHJUHV

+LJXHUyQ

8QLGDG(GXFDWLYD -RVp$TXLOHV 9DOHQFLD



+LJXHUyQ

(VFXHODGH(% /XLV8UGDQHWD



(O3XHEOLWR

-DUGtQ3DWLWR 'RQDOG

(O3XHEOLWR

(VFXHODGH(% GHMXOLR



(O3XHEOLWR

8QLGDG(GXFDWLYD (OR\2FWDYLR 8JDOGH6DQWDQD



3XHUWR/RRU

(VFXHODGH(% ,QGHSHQGLHQWH



7LHUUDV$PDULOODV

(VFXHODGH(% 0DUWKD%XFDUiQ GH5ROGRV



%XHQRV$LUHV

(VFXHODGH(% $QLEDO6DQ $QGUpV



(O&HUHFLWR

(VFXHODGH(% GHMXQLR









 



  













  

   

 





  Pรกgina104de395


$/7$

 1XHYD(VSHUDQ]D

(VFXHODGH(% 1XHYD(VSHUDQ]D



6DQ-DFLQWR

(VFXHOD(% *DEULHO*DUFtD 0RUHQR



/DV3HxDV

8(-RVp /HyQLGDV 'HOJDGR

(O&HUULWR

(VFXHODGH(% %HQLWR-XiUH]



6DQ(OR\

-DUGtQGH ,QIDQWHV-LUDILWD



/RV5tRV

(VFXHODGH(% =RLOD&OHPHQFLD &DVWLOOR



(O)UXWLOOR

8(รˆQJHO +pFWRU&HGHxR



6DQ(OR\

8(9LFHQWH 5RFDIXHUWH



5HVEDOyQ

&ROHJLR6DQ 9LFHQWH



5HVEDOyQ

(VFXHODGH(% )HGHULFR *RQ]DOHV6XDUH]



7DEDFDOHV

(VFXHODGH(% 7HRGRUR$QWyQ 9pOH]



9DOGH]

(VFXHOD%ODQFD &XDGURVGH =DPEUDQR



9DOGH]

$FDGHPLDGH VHSWLHPEUH

 

(O3DVDMH

(VFXHODGH(% 'HPHWULR(QULTXH =DPEUDQR &HGHxR

1XHYD3DTXLVKD

(VFXHODGH(% 1XHYD3DTXLVKD



/DV3DSD\DV

(VFXHODGH(% (QULTXH&HGHxR 5RGUtJXH]











 



  









 



  

   





 







 

  Pรกgina105de395




/DV3DSD\DV

(VFXHODGH(% -RVp$OHMDQGUR %HUP~GH]



7LHUUD%RQLWD

(VFXHODGH(% -RVp5RPHUR $OEDQ



(O0RWHWH

(VFXHODGH(% GH'LFLHPEUH



3DMD&RORUDGD

(VFXHODGH(% -RUJH$OFtYDU %DUFLD



&HUUR9HUGH

(VFXHODGH(% /X]GH$PpULFD



(O0X\X\R

(VFXHODGH(% GH0DU]R



7LHUUD'XUD

(VFXHODGH(% $JXVWtQ+LGURYR



(O*XDUDQJR

(VFXHODGH(% +HFFHU %HQDYLGH]



/D3ULPDYHUD

(VFXHODGH(% 0RQV/HRQLGDV 3URDxR



+RUQRGH3DQ

(VFXHODGH(% -DLPH5ROGRV $JXLOHUD



*XDQiEDQR

(VFXHODGH(% +XJR0HQGR]D =DPEUDQR



7UHV&KDUFRV

8QLGDG(GXFDWLYD 6DQ0LJXHOGH 7UHV&KDUFRV



/DV)ORUHV

(VFXHODGH(% 5RVD /X[HPEXUJR



(O&DUGyQ

(VFXHODGH(% -RVp&RUFLQR &iUGHQDV



'DQ]DUtQ

(VFXHODGH(% GHDJRVWR



'DQ]DUtQ

&ROHJLR1DFLRQDO 'DQ]DUtQ











  















 





 

   













 

  Pรกgina106de395








85%$1$



6DQ5RTXH

(VFXHODGH(% /HRSROGR /XJRQHV



2MRGH$JXDDGHQWUR

(VFXHODGH(% GH2FWXEUH



6DQ$QWRQLR

(VFXHODGH(% GH-XQLR



/D&LHQHJXLWD

(VFXHODGH(% 'HPHWULR $JXLOHUD0DOWD



(OeEDQR

(VFXHODGH(% 9LFHQWH0HQGR]D *LOHU



(O&HUURGHO-XQFR

(VFXHODGH (GXFDF%iVLFD GH-XQLR



-DUGtQGH ,QIDQWHV&UX] $OFtYDU0DUWtQH]



(VFXHODGH(% /HyQGH)HEUHV &RUGHUR



(VFXHODGH(% (UQHVWR9HUD &HGHxR



8(GHDJRVWR



(VFXHODGH(% 4XHULGD 9LOODJyPH] &HGHxR QRFWXUQD



(VFXHODGH(% $OHJUtDGH-~SLWHU



&HQWURGH (GXFDF,QLFLDO &DULWDV$OHJUHV



8(6DQ-XDQ %RVFR



8(GH 6HSWLHPEUH



5RFDIXHUWH

8(5RFDIXHUWH 8(6DQ



 











 



  











 







 

 

 













  Pรกgina107de395


 )UDQFLVFRGH 6DOHV 8(*HQHUDO (OR\$OIDUR 'HOJDGR





&HQWURGH (GXFDF,QLFLDO 6HPLOOLWDV



$F$UW'RFWRU $OHMDQGUR &HYDOORV9LWHUL



$F$UW&DUORWD 1LHPHV+XHUWD GH)LHUUR



















(/$%25$'2(48,327(&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,21'(/*$'





(6&2/$5,'$''(/$32%/$&,ร1

'HDFXHUGRDODIXHQWH6,,6(HGLFLyQVHFRQVLGHUDTXHODHVFRODULGDGSURPHGLRVRQ ORVDxRVOHFWLYRVDSUREDGRVSRUODVSHUVRQDVGHXQDGHWHUPLQDGDHGDGHQLQVWLWXFLRQHVGH HGXFDFLyQ IRUPDO HQ ORV QLYHOHV SULPDULR VHFXQGDULR VXSHULRU XQLYHUVLWDULR VXSHULRU QR XQLYHUVLWDULR\SRVWJUDGR HQHVWHFDVRVRQKRPEUHV\PXMHUHVPD\RUHVGHDxRV\PiV  (QJHQHUDOODHVFRODULGDGSURPHGLRGHORVSREODGRUHVGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVXELyGH DxRV HQ HO  D  DxRV SDUD HO  FRQ XQD YDULDFLyQ HQ DxRV HVFRODUHV GH  DxRV 7$%/$1ยž(VFRODULGDGDQLYHOFDQWRQDO





$1$/)$%(7,602

6HJ~Q HO ~OWLPR FHQVR UHDOL]DGR HQ HO  OD WDVD WRWDO GH DQDOIDEHWLVPR IXH GH   GDWR PHQRU DO UHJLVWUDGR HQ HO DxR  GRQGH VH UHJLVWUy XQD WDVD GH   OD GLVPLQXFLyQSRUFHQWXDOGHHVWHLQGLFDGRUSXHGHGHEHUVHDOSURJUDPDTXHIXHHMHFXWDGRHQ DxRVDQWHULRUHVSDUDODHUUDGLFDFLyQGHDQDOIDEHWLVPROODPDGRยณ<RVtSXHGRยดODFXDOWXYRHO DSR\RGHO0LQLVWHULRGH(GXFDFLyQ\HO*RELHUQR3URYLQFLDOGH0DQDEt   Pรกgina108de395


 7$%/$1ยž



 

$%$1'212(6&2/$5

6HJ~Q ORV GDWRV GHO DUFKLYR PDHVWUR TXH OOHYD HO GLVWULWR HGXFDWLYR ' 5RFDIXHUWH 7RVDJXDVLH[LVWHDEDQGRQRHVFRODUHQXQGHODSREODFLyQHVWXGLDQWLOGHO&DQWyQ )XHQWH0(& 

 

6$/8'3ร’%/,&$



7$6$'(0257$/,'$'

(QHOHO,1(&UHJLVWUyFDVRVGHPXHUWHVVREUHVDOLHQGRODGHIXQFLyQSRU&KRTXH QR FODVLILFDGR HQ RWUD SDUWH FRQ XQ  GH RFXUUHQFLD VHJXLGR SRU 2WURV VtQWRPDV \ VLJQRVTXHLQYROXFUDQORVVLVWHPDVFLUFXODWRULR\UHVSLUDWRULRFRQHOOD$JUHVLyQFRQ GLVSDURGHRWUDVDUPDVGHIXHJR\RWUDVHQIHUPHGDGHVFHUHEURYDVFXODUHVFRQHO        Pรกgina109de395


 7$%/$1ยž35,&,3$/(6&$86$6'(08(57( &$86$6

&DVRV



5&KRTXHQRFODVLILFDGRHQRWUDSDUWH





52WURV VtQWRPDV \ VLJQRV TXH LQYROXFUDQ ORV VLVWHPDV FLUFXODWRULR \ UHVSLUDWRULR





;$JUHVLyQFRQGLVSDURGHRWUDVDUPDVGHIXHJR\ODVQRHVSHFLILFDGDV





,2WUDVHQIHUPHGDGHVFHUHEURYDVFXODUHV





,(QIHUPHGDGFDUGtDFDKLSHUWHQVLYD





56tQFRSH\FRODSVR





('LDEHWHVPHOOLWXVQRHVSHFLILFDGD





,+LSHUWHQVLyQHVHQFLDO SULPDULD 





.)LEURVLV\FLUURVLVGHOKtJDGR





('LDEHWHVPHOOLWXVQRLQVXOLQRGHSHQGLHQWH





,,QIDUWRDJXGRGHOPLRFDUGLR





,$FFLGHQWHYDVFXODUHQFHIiOLFRDJXGRQRHVSHFLILFDGRFRPRKHPRUUiJLFRR LVTXpPLFR





-1HXPRQtDRUJDQLVPRQRHVSHFLILFDGR





9$FFLGHQWH GH YHKtFXOR GH PRWRU R VLQ PRWRU WLSR GH YHKtFXOR QR HVSHFLILFDGR





,,QVXILFLHQFLDFDUGtDFD





52WURV VtQWRPDV \ VLJQRV TXH LQYROXFUDQ HO VLVWHPD GLJHVWLYR \ HO DEGRPHQ





56HQLOLGDG





93HDWyQ OHVLRQDGR HQ RWURV DFFLGHQWHV GH WUDQVSRUWH \ HQ ORV QR HVSHFLILFDGRV





<(YHQWRQRHVSHFLILFDGRGHLQWHQFLyQQRGHWHUPLQDGD





&7XPRUPDOLJQRGHOHVWyPDJR





&7XPRUPDOLJQRGHODSUyVWDWD





  Pรกgina110de395


 ,(QIHUPHGDGFDUGLRUUHQDOKLSHUWHQVLYD





,+HPRUUDJLDLQWUDHQFHIDOLFD





,,QIDUWRFHUHEUDO





.2WUDVHQIHUPHGDGHVGHOVLVWHPDGLJHVWLYR





5/HFWXUDGHSUHVLyQVDQJXtQHDDQRUPDOVLQGLDJQyVWLFR





57RV





5$QRUPDOLGDGHVGHODUHVSLUDFLyQ





5+HSDWRPHJDOLD\HVSOHQRPHJDOLDQRFODVLILFDGDVHQRWUDSDUWH





<'LVSDURGHRWUDVDUPDVGHIXHJR\ODVQRHVSHFLILFDGDVGHLQWHQFLyQQR GHWHUPLQDGD





$2WUDVVHSWLFHPLDV





&7XPRUPDOLJQRGHOSiQFUHDV





&/HXFHPLDOLQIRLGH





*(QIHUPHGDGGH3DUNLQVRQ





.2WUDVHQIHUPHGDGHVGHOKtJDGR





1,QVXILFLHQFLDUHQDOFUyQLFD





5$QRUPDOLGDGHVGHOODWLGRFDUGtDFR





5'RORUGHJDUJDQWD\HQHOSHFKR





52WURVVtQWRPDV\VLJQRVTXHLQYROXFUDQHOVLVWHPDXULQDULR





:&DtGDQRHVSHFLILFDGD





<$KRJDPLHQWR\VXPHUVLyQGHLQWHQFLyQQRGHWHUPLQDGD





$0HQLQJLWLVYLUDO





&7XPRUPDOLJQRGHOHVyIDJR





&7XPRUPDOLJQRGHOKtJDGR\GHODVYtDVELOLDUHVLQWUDKHSDWLFDV





&7XPRUPDOLJQRGHODYHVtFXODELOLDU





&7XPRUPDOLJQRGHORVEURQTXLRV\GHOSXOPyQ





  Pรกgina111de395


 &7XPRUPDOLJQRGHODPDPD





&7XPRUPDOLJQRGHODYHMLJDXULQDULD





&7XPRUPDOLJQRGHOHQFpIDOR





&(QIHUPHGDGGH+RGJNLQ





&0LHORPDP~OWLSOH\WXPRUHVPDOLJQRVGHFpOXODVSODVPDWLFDV





'7XPRU GH FRPSRUWDPLHQWR LQFLHUWR R GHVFRQRFLGR GH ODV JODQGXODV HQGRFULQDV





'7XPRUGHFRPSRUWDPLHQWRLQFLHUWRRGHVFRQRFLGRGHRWURVVLWLRV\GHORV QRHVSHFLILFDGRV





(7UDVWRUQRVGHOPHWDEROLVPRGHODVOLSRSURWHtQDV\RWUDVOLSLGHPLDV





*7UDVWRUQRVPXVFXODUHVSULPDULRV





,2WUDVHQIHUPHGDGHVFDUGLRSXOPRQDUHV





,&DUGLRPLRSDWtD





,+HPRUUDJLDVXEDUDFQRLGHD





,$WHURVFOHURVLV





-(GHPDSXOPRQDU





-2WUDVHQIHUPHGDGHVSXOPRQDUHVLQWHUVWLFLDOHV





-,QVXILFLHQFLDUHVSLUDWRULDQRFODVLILFDGDHQRWUDSDUWH





.,OHRSDUDOtWLFR\REVWUXFFLyQLQWHVWLQDOVLQKHUQLD





.0DODEVRUFLyQLQWHVWLQDO





/4XHPDGXUDVRODU





1,QVXILFLHQFLDUHQDODJXGD





5'RORUDEGRPLQDO\SpOYLFR





5&HIDOHD





51LYHOHOHYDGRGHJOXFRVDHQVDQJUH





52WUDVFDXVDVPDOGHILQLGDV\ODVQRHVSHFLILFDGDVGHPRUWDOLGDG





90RWRFLFOLVWDOHVLRQDGRHQDFFLGHQWHGHWUDQVSRUWHVLQFROLVLyQ





  Pรกgina112de395


 90RWRFLFOLVWD OHVLRQDGR HQ RWURV DFFLGHQWHV GH WUDQVSRUWH \ HQ ORV QR HVSHFLILFDGRV





:*ROSHSRUREMHWRDUURMDGRSUR\HFWDGRRTXHFDH





:'LVSDURGHDUPDFRUWD





;([SRVLFLyQDKXPRVIXHJRVROODPDVQRHVSHFLILFDGRV





;(QYHQHQDPLHQWRDXWRLQIOLJLGRLQWHQFLRQDOPHQWHSRU\H[SRVLFLyQDRWURV SURGXFWRVTXtPLFRV\VXVWDQFLDVQRFLYDV\ORVQRHVSHFLILFDGRV





;$JUHVLyQFRQREMHWRFRUWDQWH





<$JUHVLyQFRQIXHU]DFRUSRUDO





<$JUHVLyQSRUPHGLRVQRHVSHFLILFDGRV





<&RQWDFWRWUDXPDWLFRFRQREMHWRFRUWDQWHGHLQWHQFLyQQRGHWHUPLQDGD





<6HFXHODVGHRWURVDFFLGHQWHV









7RWDO

)8(17(,1(&±(67$'Ë67,&$69,7$/(6(/$%25$'2*$'52&$)8(57(  

7$%/$1ž 7$6$



025%,/,'$'



025%,/,'$',1)$17,/32%/$&,21'(±$f26



)(&81','$'32%/$&,21'($$f26



1$7$/,'$'



'(61875,&,21(11,f260(125(6'(&,1&2$f26



)8(17(5HSRUWHV6,9$1GH8QLGDGHVGH6DOXGGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH (/$%25$'2*$'52&$)8(57( 

/D 8QLGDG2SHUDWLYD GH 6HJXQGR1LYHO ³1DWDOLD +XHUWD GH 1LHPHV´ LQGLFy TXH ODSULQFLSDO FDXVDGHPRUWDOLGDGHVSRULQIDUWRSDURFDUGLRUUHVSLUDWRULRWHQLHQGRDODIHFKDSDFLHQWHV IDOOHFLGRV 

  Página113de395






&2%(5785$'(6$/8'



1Ò0(52'(0e',&261Ò0(52'(&$0$6+263,7$/$5,$6<

&2%(5785$'($7(1&,21(6 'HQWURGHOD'LUHFFLyQ'LVWULWDO'5RFDIXHUWH±7RVDJXDODVXQLGDGHVRSHUDWLYDVGHƒ \ ƒ QLYHO FXHQWDQ FRQ  SURIHVLRQDOHV GH DSR\R SDUD OD VDOXG ORV FXDOHV GLVWULEX\HQ VX WUDEDMR SDUD ODV FRPXQLGDGHV GH 5HVEDOyQ 9DOGH] )UXWLOOR (O 3XHEOLWR 6DQ (OR\ \ HO +RVSLWDO 1DWKDOLD +XHUWD GH 1LHPHV DGHPiV GHQWUR GH ODV 8QLGDGHV 0pGLFDV GHO ,(66 ± VHJXURFDPSHVLQRODVFXDOHVHVWiQXELFDGDVHQ6RVRWH+LJXHUyQ\'DQ]DUtQFXHQWDQFRQ 3HUVRQDVGHDSR\RSDUDODVDOXGVXPDQGRXQWRWDOGHSHUVRQDV /D8QLGDG2SHUDWLYDGH6DOXGGHVHJXQGRQLYHO+RVSLWDO1DWKDOLD+XHUWDGH1LHPHVFXHQWD FRQ  FDPDV HQ KRVSLWDOL]DFLyQ GLYLGLGDV SRU HVSHFLDOLGDG SXHV HVWH FXHQWD FRQ FXDWUR HVSHFLDOLGDGHVEiVLFDVSHGLDWUtDJLQHFRORJtDPHGLFLQDLQWHUQD\FLUXJtDDPiVGHHVWRHQ REVHUYDFLyQVHFXHQWDFRQFDPLOODVSDUDHVWDELOL]DUSDFLHQWHV &DEHPHQFLRQDUTXHWDPELpQVHFXHQWDFRQXQGHSDUWDPHQWRGHODERUDWRULRTXHIXQFLRQD KRUDVDOLJXDOTXHHOGHSDUWDPHQWRGHHFRJUDItD (QHOKRVSLWDOFDQWRQDOVHUHDOL]DDWHQFLyQDOSDUWRUHFHSFLyQGHOUHFLpQQDFLGRVHWUDWDWRGR WLSR GH HPHUJHQFLDV VH UHDOL]DQ VH WUDWD WRGR WLSR GH HPHUJHQFLDV VH UHDOL]DQ FHViUHDV KHUQLRUUDILDVDOSLQJHFWRPLDH[FHUHVLVHQWUHRWUDVFLUXJtDVEiVLFDV (VLPSRUWDQWHGDUDFRQRFHUTXHHO+RVSLWDOHVEiVLFRSRUORWDQWRVXFDUWHUDGHVHUYLFLRVHV OLPLWDGDTXHORTXHQRVHSXHGHUHVROYHUVHWUDQVILHUHDXQ+RVSLWDOGHPD\RUFRPSOHMLGDG (O +RVSLWDO EiVLFR ³1DWDOLD +XHUWD GH 1LHPHV´ FRQVWUXLGR HQ  SULRUL]DGR SDUD OD DWHQFLyQ GH OD SREODFLyQ GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH \ VXV DOUHGHGRUHV KDFLHQGR pQIDVLV HQ OD DWHQFLyQ 0$7(5121(21$7$/ FXPSOH D FDEDOLGDG VXV IXQFLRQHV DXQTXH SUHVHQWH PXFKDVGHILFLHQFLDVHQHOiPELWRHVWUXFWXUDOGHHTXLSDPLHQWR\GHSHUVRQDO 'HQWURGHODFREHUWXUDSDUDVDOXGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHFXHQWDFRQXQLGDGHVGHDWHQFLyQ PpGLFD GHQWUR GHO 'LVWULWR ' ± 6DOXG 5RFDIXHUWH 7RVDJXD H[LVWHQ  XQLGDGHV RSHUDWLYDVGHƒQLYHOHVWDQGRHVWRVXELFDGRVHQ5HVEDOyQ9DOGH])UXWLOOR(O3XHEOLWR6DQ (OR\\HQ5RFDIXHUWHDGHPiVGHXQLGDGGHƒQLYHOEiVLFRWDPELpQH[LVWHQXQLGDGHV GHO ,(66 FRQ DWHQFLyQ DO VHJXUR VRFLDO FDPSHVLQR HVWDQGR HVWDV XELFDGDV HQ ODV FRPXQLGDGHVGH6RVRWH+LJXHUyQ\'DQ]DUtQ    Página114de395


 7$%/$1ยž

 1ยƒ                                 

'(120,1$&,21'(/38(672

81,'$'23(5$7,9$

(1)(50(5$

&(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57(

(1)(50(52$ 0(',&2*(1(5$/'(35,0(51,9(/'( $7(1&,21 0(',&2$(63(&,$/,67$(1&,58*,$ *(1(5$/ 0(',&2$(63(&,$/,67$(10(',&,1$ ,17(51$

+263,7$/1$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6 &(1752'(6$/8')587,//2 +263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6 +263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6

(1)(50(5$ 0(',&2*(1(5$/'(35,0(51,9(/'( $7(1&,21

&(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57(

2%67(75,=2%67(75$

&(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57(

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/ 0(',&2*(1(5$/'(35,0(51,9(/'( $7(1&,21

&(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57(

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/

&(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57(

0(',&2$(63(&,$/,67$(1*,1(&2/2*,$ 0(',&2*(1(5$/'(35,0(51,9(/'( $7(1&,21

+263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6

0(',&2$(63(&,$/,67$(13(',$75,$

+263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6

(1)(50(5$

&(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57(

(1)(50(52$ 0(',&2*(1(5$/'(35,0(51,9(/'( $7(1&,21 0(',&2$(63(&,$/,67$(10(',&,1$ ,17(51$ 0(',&2*(1(5$/'(35,0(51,9(/'( $7(1&,21

&(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57( 3529,6,21<&$/,'$'(1/266(59,&,26'( 6$/8'

0(',&2

&(1752'(6$/8'9$/'(=

&(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57(

&(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57(

+263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6 (675$7(*,$6'(35(9(1&,21<&21752/ +263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6 +%

(1)(50(5$ 0(',&2$(63(&,$/,67$(10(',&,1$ )$0,/,$5 0(',&2$(63(&,$/,67$(10(',&,1$ )$0,/,$5

&(1752'(6$/8'$512/'2&$/'(521

0(',&2$(63(&,$/,67$(13(',$75,$

+263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6

(1)(50(5$

&(1752'(6$/8'$512/'2&$/'(521

2'2172/2*2

&(1752'(6$/8'9$/'(=

(1)(50(52$

81,'$''(&8,'$'26'((1)(50(5,$

(1)(50(5$

81,'$''(&8,'$'26'((1)(50(5,$

(1)(50(52$ 0(',&2*(1(5$/'(35,0(51,9(/'( $7(1&,21

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

0(',&2*(1(5$/'(35,0(51,9(/'( $7(1&,21 0(',&2*(1(5$/'(35,0(51,9(/'( $7(1&,21 2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/

&(1752'(6$/8'5(6%$/21 &(1752'(6$/8'52&$)8(57(

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8' *(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8' *(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8' *(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

  Pรกgina115de395


                                          

(1)(50(5$

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

(1)(50(5$

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

0(',&2+'

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

0(',&2+'

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

0(',&2+'

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

0(',&2+'

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

0(',&2+'

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

0(',&2+'

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

0(',&2+'

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

0(',&2*(1(5$/

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/ 0(',&2*(1(5$/

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8' +263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6 +%

(1)(50(5$585$/

&(1752'(6$/8')587,//2

0(',&2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'38(%/,72

0(',&2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'9$/'(=

0(',&2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'5(6%$/21

0(',&2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'9$/'(=

0(',&2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8')587,//2

2'2172/2*2585$/

*(67,21'(6(59,&,26,17(*5$/(6(16$/8'

2'2172/2*2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'5(6%$/21

2'2172/2*2585$/

0(',&2

&(1752'(6$/8')587,//2 3529,6,21<&$/,'$'(1/266(59,&,26'( 6$/8' +263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6 +% +263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6 +%

(1)(50(5$

&(1752'(6$/8'38(%/,72

(1)(50(5$

&(1752'(6$/8'9$/'(=

(1)(50(5$

&(1752'(6$/8'5(6%$/21

(1)(50(5$

&(1752'(6$/8'6$1(/2<

0(',&2+'

&(1752'(6$/8'38(%/,72

0(',&2+'

&(1752'(6$/8'6$1(/2<

0(',&2+'

&(1752'(6$/8')587,//2

0(',&2+'

&(1752'(6$/8')587,//2

0(',&2+'

&(1752'(6$/8'9$/'(=

0(',&2+'

&(1752'(6$/8'5(6%$/21

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/

&(1752'(6$/8'38(%/,72

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/ 0(',&2

&(1752'(6$/8'6$1(/2< +263,7$/%$6,&21$7$/,$+8(57$'(1,(0(6 +%

0(',&2

&(1752'(6$/8'&(5529(5'(

2'2172/2*2*(1(5$/ 0(',&2*(1(5$/

  Pรกgina116de395


        



(1)(50(5$585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'6$1(/2<

0(',&2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'6$1(/2<

0(',&2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8')587,//2

0(',&2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'38(%/,72

0(',&2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'9$/'(=

(1)(50(5$585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'9$/'(=

(1)(50(5$585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'38(%/,72

2'2172/2*2585$/

&(1752'(6$/8'6$1(/2<

7$%/$1ยž  1ยƒ    

'(120,1$&,21'(/38(672

81,'$'23(5$7,9$

0(',&2585$/

,(666(*852&$03(6,12+,*8(521

0(',&2585$/ 2'2172/2*2585$/

7$%/$1ยž 1ยƒ

'(120,1$&,ร1'(/38(672

81,'$'23(5$7,9$



0(',&2585$/





0(',&2585$/





2'2172/2*2585$/

+,*8(521



(1)(50(5$585$/



(1)(50(5$585$/



0(',&2585$/





2'2172/2*2585$/

'$1=$5,1



(1)(50(5$585$/



0(',&2585$/





0(',&2585$/





0(',&2585$/



  Pรกgina117de395


 

2'2172/2*2585$/





2'2172/2*2585$/

62627(



2'2172/2*2585$/



(1)(50(5$585$/



(1)(50(5$585$/

7$%/$1ž8%,&$&,Ï1'(,1)5$(6758&785$<(48,3$0,(1726'(6$/8' 81,'$'(623(5$7,9$6'( 35,0(51,9(/

81,'$''( 6(*81'21,9(/ %È6,&2



5HVEDOyQ

81,'$'(623(5$7,9$6'(/ ,(666(*85262&,$/ &$03(6,12

8QLGDG2SHUDWLYD 6RVRWH GH6HJXQGR1LYHO 1DWKDOLD+XHUWDGH +LJXHUyQ 1LHPHV 'DQ]DUtQ

9DOGH] )UXWLOOR (O3XHEOLWR



6DQ(OR\



&HQWURGH6DOXG5RFDIXHUWH



FUENTE:ÁREADESALUDN°7YUNIDADDEGESTIÓNDERIESGO GMCͲROCAFUERTE ELABORADO:EQUIPOTÉCNICODEPLANIFICACIÓNͲGADROCAFUERTE



7$%/$1ž&$57(5$'(6(59,&,26'(6$/8' 81,'$'(623(5$7,9$6'( 35,0(51,9(/

0HGLFLQDJHQHUDO 2GRQWRORJtD

81,'$''( 6(*81'21,9(/ %È6,&2

+RVSLWDO1DWKDOLD +XHUWDGH1LHPHV

81,'$'(623(5$7,9$6'(/ ,(666(*85262&,$/ &$03(6,12

6RVRWH +LJXHUyQ

(QIHUPHUtD

'DQ]DUtQ

3VLFRORJtD



2EVWHWULFLD





)8(17(È5($'(6$/8'1ƒ<81,'$''(*(67,Ï1'(5,(6*2±*$'52&$)8(57( 

  Página118de395


 7$%/$1ยž3(5),/(3,'(0,2/ร*,&2 35,1&,3&$86$6'(08(57( 

1ยƒ

(QIHUPHGDG

7RWDO



,5$,QIHFFLRQHVUHVSLUDWRULDVDJXGDV





('$(QIHUPHGDGHVGLDUUHLFDVDJXGDV





+LSHUWHQVLyQDUWHULDO





2WUDVLQIHFFLRQHVGHHQIHUPHGDGHVGHWUDQVPLVLyQVH[XDO





'LDEHWHV





)LHEUHUHXPiWLFD





2EHVLGDG





5HWDUGRPHQWDO



 

$&&(62<862'((63$&,23ร’%/,&2

'HQWUR GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH H[LVWHQ  VLHWH SDUTXHV \ XQ HVWDGLR PXQLFLSDO HVSDFLRV S~EOLFRV DGPLQLVWUDGRV GLUHFWDPHQWH SRU HO *$' 0XQLFLSDO GHO FDQWyQ FDEH LQGLFDU TXH WRGRVHVWRVOXJDUHVHVWiQXELFDGRVHQOD]RQDXUEDQDGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHDH[FHSFLyQGH XQSDUTXHTXHVHHQFXHQWUDHQODFRPXQLGDGGH+LJXHUyQ (VWRVHVSDFLRVS~EOLFRVQRVDWLVIDFHQODGHPDQGDH[LVWHQWHSXHVWRTXHODFLXGDGDQtD UHTXLHUHDGHPiVGHSDUTXHVHVSDFLRVSDUDODVDQDUHFUHDFLyQWDOHVFRPRFDQFKDV GHSRUWLYDVFROLVHRVSDUTXHVOLQHDOHViUHDVYHUGHV\RWURV 7$%/$1ยž (VSDFLR3~EOLFR

8ELFDFLyQ

6XSHUILFLH

3OD]ROHWD9LFHQWH5RFDIXHUWH &DOOH3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\5RFDIXHUWH

P

3DUTXH(OR\$OIDUR

P

&DOOH$WDQDVLR6DQWRVHQWUHGH6HSWLHPEUH \3HGUR&DUER

3DUTXHGHODV0DGUHV

&DOOH%ROtYDU

P

  Pรกgina119de395


 3DUTXH0DULDQDGH-HV~V

,QWHUVHFFLyQGHOD$Y'RQ%RVFR\$Y6XFUH

3DUTXHGHO1LxR

0DQXHO-&DOOHHQWUH$WDKXDOSD\3LFKLQFKD

3DUTXH0DUtD,VDEHO

&DOOH(OtDV&HGHxR-HUYHV

(VWDGLR0XQLFLSDO

&DOOHGH6HSWLHPEUHDODGRGHODFLXGDGHOD

P P P P

PXQLFLSDO 3DUTXHGHODFRPXQLGDGGH

&RPXQLGDGGH+LJXHUyQ

P

+LJXHUyQ )XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH

(ODERUDFLyQ*$'5RFDIXHUWH 

/DUHFUHDFLyQFRQVWLWX\HXQDSDUWHIXQGDPHQWDOGHOGHVDUUROORGHOVHUKXPDQRSRUHOORHV QHFHVDULR VDWLVIDFHU OD GHPDQGD H[LVWHQWH HQ FXDQWR D DFWLYLGDG UHFUHDWLYD VREUH WRGR HQ ORVDFWXDOHVPRPHQWRVHQTXHODVRFLHGDGVHYHHQYXHOWDHQXQKiELWDWGHHVWUpV\VXQLxH] \MXYHQWXGHVVXVFHSWLEOHDYLFLRV\RFLR

25*$1,=$&,ร1<7(-,'262&,$/ /D RUJDQL]DFLyQ VRFLDO HQ HO WHUULWRULR OD FRQIRUPDQ ORV GLIHUHQWHV UHSUHVHQWDQWHV GH HQWLGDGHV JXEHUQDPHQWDOHV SULYDGDV UHSUHVHQWDQWHV FRPXQLWDULRV UHSUHVHQWDQWHV GH OD VRFLHGDGFLYLO\GLYHUVDVRUJDQL]DFLRQHV /DSDUWLFLSDFLyQMXYHQLOGHQWURGHOWHMLGRVRFLDOHVEDVWDQWHGpELOKHFKRTXHVHHYLGHQFLRFRQ OD HVFDVD SDUWLFLSDFLyQ HQ ODV DVDPEOHDV TXH VH HIHFWXDURQ SDUD OD DFWXDOL]DFLyQ GHO SUHVHQWH3'\27 7$%/$1ยž$&725(6/2&$/(6

$&725(6

5(35(6(17$17(

120%5( 25*$1,=$&,ร1

',5(&&,ร1

&2081,'$' 3



8

%

%

$

$/&$/'(

'LPDV3DFtILFR =DPEUDQR9DFD

*$'081,&,3$/

<HVVHQLD0DUtD9HUD *DUFtD

9,&($/&$/'(6$ *$'081,&,3$/

3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH 3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH

  Pรกgina120de395


 /

6

,

(

&



2



6

*



8



% ( 5 1 $ 0 ( 1 7 $ / ( 6

-RVHOLQ*XDGDOXSH 9pOH]5RPHUR -RVp/HQLQ&RYHxD =DPEUDQR 5LFKDUG-RVp6iQFKH] =DPEUDQR

&21&(-$/$ *$'081,&,3$/ &21&(-$/ *$'081,&,3$/ &21&(-$/ *$'081,&,3$/ &21&(-$/

3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH 3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH 3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH

5DPLUR&HGHxR 5RGUtJXH]

*$'081,&,3$/

-DYLHU%HUP~GH] $OFtYDU

6(&5(7$5,2 (-(&87,92&6& 52&$)8(57(

3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH

-LQQVRQ0XxR]0RUHLUD

*(5(17((3$3$5

3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH

5YGR-RVp9LFHQWH =DPEUDQR

3È552&2'(/ &$17Ï152&$)8(57(

5RFDIXHUWH\3LFKLQFKD

-HQQLIHU&HGHxR &DOGHUyQ

-()$32/Ë7,&$

%ROtYDUHQWUH3LFKLQFKD\GH 6HSWLHPEUH

$QWRQLR9pOH] 6ROyU]DQR

&20,6$5,21$&,21$/

%ROtYDUHQWUH3LFKLQFKD\GH 6HSWLHPEUH

.HOYLQ*DUFtD*DUFtD

-()('(/&8(532'( %20%(526

%ROtYDUHQWUH3LFKLQFKD\GH 6HSWLHPEUH

5DTXHO5RPHUR*DUFtD

-()('(/5(*,6752 &,9,/

$WDKXDOSDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH

)pOL[9HOL]*LOHU

',5(&725+263,7$/ 1$7$/,$+8(57$'( 1,(0(6

&GODGH$JRVWR

-RKQQ\0HUFKiQ

',5(&725',675,7$/ '52&$)8(57( 726$*8$6$/8'

&GODGH$JRVWR

0DUWKD9pOH]0RUHLUD

-8(= 08/7,&203(7(17('( /2&,9,/

3LFKLQFKD\5RFDIXHUWH

(VWHOD3pUH]0RUHLUD

),6&$/

3LFKLQFKD\5RFDIXHUWH

0DUtD&ULVWLQD$OFtYDU 9pOH]

127$5,$35,0(5$'(/ &$17Ï1

GH'LFLHPEUHH ,QGHSHQGHQFLD

7LWR&KiYH]0HQGR]D

127$5,26(*81'2

3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH

(OR\$OIDUR\3LFKLQFKD

  Página121de395


 '(/&$17Ï1

+DURO$JXLUUH

-()('(/',675,72 32/,&Ë$' 52&$)8(57( 726$*8$

7LHUUDV$PDULOODVYtD&UXFLWD

&ULVWLDQ<DPOHPD

&225',1$'2583&

5RFDIXHUWH\GH6HSWLHPEUH

&DUORVÈODYD

-()('($*(1&,$ &1(/

%ROtYDUHQWUH3LFKLQFKD\GH 6HSWLHPEUH

0DJDO\$QDV&KiYH]

-()('($*(1&,$&17

3LFKLQFKD\%ROtYDU

-RVp*DUFtD&HORULR

&225',1$'25'(/$ 81,9(56,'$''( *8$<$48,/3$5$/(/2 52&$)8(57(

5RFDIXHUWH\$WDKXDOSD

)DXVWR$OFtYDU =DPEUDQR

&225',1$'25'(/$ 832&$052&$)8(57(

$Y6XFUH

;DYLHU(PSHUDGRU 'HOJDGR

-()('($*(1&,$ 0$*$352&$)8(57(

3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH

-LPP\*RQVHPEDFK 'XUiQ

37(/,*$'(3257,9$ '(52&$)8(57(

(OR\$OIDUR

6RUD\D'HOJDGR 'HOJDGR

*(5(17(%$1&2 1$&,21$/'( )20(172 52&$)8(57(

3HGUR&DUER\5RFDIXHUWH

&(1752 '( ('8&$&,Ï1 ,1,&,$/ &58= $/&Ë9$5 0$548,1(=

(OR\$OIDUR\-XDQ0RQWDOYR

)DELiQ0XxR]3LWD

 (6& '( ('8&$&,Ï1  $WDKXDOSD\$WDQDVLR6DQWRV (51(672 0DUFHOLQR$JXLODU5LYHUD %È6,&$ 9(5$&('(f2

7HUHVD6DQWDQD 6iQFKH]

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ /(Ï1'()(%5(6 &25'(52

$WDKXDOSD\5RFDIXHUWH

/HRQRU$OFtYDU

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ $/(*5Ë$'(-Ò3,7(5

)UDQFLVFR5RPHURHQWUH-RVp -RDTXtQGH2OPHGR\&ODXGLR *DUFtD

/DYLQLD&DOGHUyQ 6DQWDQD

81,'$'('8&$7,9$ '($*2672

&GOD/RV6DXFHV

  Página122de395




3

%

8

$

%

6

/

(

$JXVWtQ&iUGHQDV

81,'$'('8&$7,9$ '(6(37,(0%5(

-KRQ).HQQHG\\GH0D\R

-RVHID$OFtYDU&HGHxR

81,'$'('8&$7,9$ ),6&$/52&$)8(57(

$WDQDVLR6DQWRV

(VWKHU&DUUDQ]DGH 0ROLQD

$&$'(0,$$57(6$1$/ &$5/27$1,(0(6 +8(57$'(),(552

$YHQLGD'RQ%RVFR

1HOO\3DODFLRV/RRU

$&$'(0,$ $57(6$1$/ $/(-$1'52 &(9$//26 9,7(5,

)UDQFLVFR5RPHURHQWUH-RVp -RDTXtQGH2OPHGR\&ODXGLR *DUFtD

/X]$PLUD&HGHxR =DPEUDQR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ 7(2'252$17Ï1 9e/(=

7DEDFDOHV

5D~O0HQGR]D'XHxDV

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ '(0(75,2( =$0%5$12

(O3DVDMH

)HUQDQGR0HQGR]D

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ %/$1&$&8$'526'( =$0%5$12

9DOGH]

&DUORV*DUFtD9LGDO

81,'$' ('8&$7,9$ )('(5,&2 *21=È/(= 68È5(=

5HVEDOyQ

%\URQ5RPHUR

81,'$' ('8&$7,9$ 6$19,&(17(

5HVEDOyQ

0DULDQR'XHxDV5XL]

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ $1'5e6%(//2

6DQ3HGUR

-RELWR=DPEUDQR 5RGUtJXH]

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ 18(9$3$48,6+$

1XHYD3DTXLVKD

3OiFLGR'HOJDGR &KiYH]

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ 9,&(17(52&$)8(57(

6DQ(OR\

0DUtD5RVD6ROyU]DQR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ =2,/$&/(0(1&,$ &$67,//2

/RV5tRV

0DULFHOL0HQGR]D5XL]

81,'$'('8&$7,9$ (/2<2&7$9,2 8*$/'(6$17$1$

(O3XHEOLWR

  Página123de395


 ,



&

*

2

8

6

%



( 5 1 $

$GRULVD$ODUFyQ

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ $1Ë%$/6$1$1'5e6

%XHQRV$ULHV

,JQDFLR(XJHQLR 'HOJDGR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ '(-8/,2

(O3XHEOLWR

)UDQNOLQ0XxR] 0HQGR]D

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ È1*(/+e&725 &('(f2

(O)UXWLOOR

/LVDQGUR$XJXVWR /ySH]

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ '(-81,2

&HUHFLWR

0DULDQD6ROyU]DQR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ *$%5,(/*$5&Ë$ 025(12

6DQ-DFLQWR

/X]6iQFKH]&RYHxD

81,'$'('8&$7,9$ -26e$48,/(6 9$/(1&,$

+LJXHUyQ

-DTXHOLQH3LQDUJRWH %UDYR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ /8,685'$1(7$

+LJXHUyQ

5RVDULR=DPEUDQR 9pOH]

81,'$'('8&$7,9$ 6,0Ï1%2/Ë9$5

6RVRWH

-DLUR9HUD'HOJDGR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ 0$57+$%8&$5È1'( 52/'Ï6

7LHUUDV$PDULOODV

5D~O'HOJDGR'HOJDGR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ -26e/(21,'$6 '(/*$'2

/DV3HxDV

5RVD/HRQLG6DOWRV 9HUJDUD

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ %(1,72-8È5(=

(O&HUULWR

=RLOD0HQGR]D&HGHxR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ ,1'(3(1',(17(

3XHUWR/RRU

$PpULFD9HOiVTXH]

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ -26e&256,12 &È5'(1$6

(O&DUGyQ

0 ( 1 7 $ / ( 6  = 2 1 $  5 8 5 $

  Página124de395


 /

/XLV$OIRQVR/DUD 6HUUDQR

81,'$'('8&$7,9$ '$1=$5Ë1

'DQ]DUtQ

9LFHQWH+ROJXtQ

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ '($*2672

'DQ]DUtQ

/XLV=DPEUDQR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ 526$/8;(0%85*2

/DV)ORUHV

$UPDQGR$QWyQ =DPEUDQR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ /(232/'2/8*21(6

6DQ5RTXH

0DXUR'XHxDV0LUDQGD

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ '(2&78%5(

2MRGH$JXD

,VDDF$OIRQVR&KLFD 'HPHUD

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ 9,&(17(52&$)8(57( &(0

6DQ0LJXHOGHWUHV&KDUFRV

&DOL[WR'HOJDGR4XLMLMH

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ (15,48(&('(f2 52'5Ë*8(=

/$63$3$<$6$'(1752

-XDQ-RVp*DUFtD 0HQGR]D

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ -26e$/(-$1'52 %(50Ò'(=

/DV3DSD\DV

/HVELD6RODQJH =DPEUDQR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ -26e520(52$/%È1

7LHUUD%RQLWD

+HUQiQ3iUUDJD

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ -$,0(52/'Ï6 $*8,/(5$

+RUQRGH3DQ

0LOiQ&HGHxR =DPEUDQR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ 0216(f25/(21,'$6 352$f2

/D3ULPDYHUD

5RVDULR=DPEUDQR 3iUUDJD

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ $*867Ë1+,'5292 =$0%5$12

7LHUUD'XUD

3HGUR/RRU

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ '(-81,2

6DQ$QWRQLR

  Página125de395


 0HUFHGHV)DUtDV6DOWRV

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ +(&&(5%(1$9,'(6

*XDUDQJR

5XSHUWR5RGUtJXH] 8JDOGH

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ +8*20(1'2=$ =$0%5$12

*XDQiEDQR

6KLUOH\&KXQJD 3DODFLRV

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ -25*($/&Ë9$5 %$5&,$

3DMD&RORUDGD

0DUtD3LHGDG4XLMLMH

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ '(',&,(0%5(

0RWHWH

-KRRQ$OFtYDU

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ '(0$5=2

(O0X\X\R

&HOLD=DPEUDQR 5RPHUR

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ /8='($0e5,&$

&HUUR9HUGH

*(5(17(&223'(

%HOIRUWK3LFR0HGUDQGD $+25526<&5e',726 68&5(&2$&0(6

%ROtYDU\GH6HSWLHPEUH

:LOVRQ3XJD

&/Ë1,&$'( (63(&,$/,'$'(6

$YGH'LFLHPEUH

/XLV&UX]DWW\

37(&223'(7$;, ³18(675$6(f25$ '(/&$50(1´

$Y'RQ%RVFR

0DULR&HGHxR8JDOGH

5$',252&$)8(57(

$Y6XFUH\(OtDV&HGHxR +HUEHV

9LDQFD=DPEUDQR 5RGUtJXH]

*(5(17('( &203$fË$'( 75$163257(0,;7$ 75$1652&$7$;,

(OtDV&HGHxR+HUEHV\$Y 6XFUH

2

0DJQR8JDOGH'XHxDV

&22375$163257( ³52&$)8(57(´

$Y'RQ%RVFR\$Y6XFUH

6

+QD'RORUHV (VSHUDQ]D&HGHxR

81,'$'('8&$7,9$ ),6&20,6,21$/6$1 )5$1&,6&2'(6$/(6

5RFDIXHUWH\GH6HSWLHPEUH

&DUPHOD*LOHU0XxR]

81,'$'('8&$7,9$ 3$57,&8/$5*(1(5$/ (/2<$/)$52 '(/*$'2

%ROtYDU

3 5 , 9 $ '

  Página126de395




$

9LFHQWH=DPEUDQR 7XDUH]

(6&8(/$'( ('8&$&,Ï1%È6,&$ ),6&20,6,21$/6$1 -8$1%26&2

5RFDIXHUWH\3LFKLQFKD

,VDEHO=DPEUDQR 0DFtDV

&(1752'(('8& ,1,&,$/3$57,&8/$5 6(0,//,7$6

5RFDIXHUWH\-RVp0DUtD +XHUWD

$UDFHO\&UX]DWW\/RRU

&(1752'( ('8&$&,Ï1,1,&,$/ 3$57,&8/$5&$5,7$6 $/(*5(6

&GOD/RV6DXFHV

(OL]DEHWK&KDFyQ

*(5(17('(3/$1 ,17(51$&,21$/=21$ 1257(

5RFDIXHUWH

*XWHPEHUK&HGHxR 6DQWRV

37($62$552&(526 52&$)8(57(

5RFDIXHUWH

:LQWRQ&HGHxR

37($623(48(f26 75$%$-$'25(6 $*5Ë&2/$6=21$ %$-$

5RFDIXHUWH

(PLOLR9HOiVTXH]

37($62 $*523(&8$5,$/$ ,6/$

$YGH'LFLHPEUH

$OEHUWR=DPEUDQR 9pOH]

37($62'( *$1$'(526 52&$)8(57(

5RFDIXHUWH

6 6

2

2

&

&

,

,

$

(

&

'

,

$

2

'

1



(

&

6

,



9

$

,

*

/

5 2 3



35(6-817$'( *(67,21<$'0³/$ 6,//$³

5RFDIXHUWH

&DUPHQ&HGHxR

&20,7e3520(-25$6

(/+25&21

&DUOLQD0DFtDV

35(6$62 $*523(&8$5,$(/ &(,%$/

(/&(,%$/

$62$*523(&8$5,$ /265Ë26

/265Ë26

1LOLQWRQ&KLFKDQGD

$62$*5Ë&2/$ $*5,&8/725(6 81,'26

38(572/225

0DULDQD)DUtDV

35(6$62 $*5,&8/725(6

*8$%,7$/

$62$*523(&8$5,$ /26$/7,//26

/$&$/,)251,$

:LOWRQ0XxR]

0LJXHO$OFtYDU$OFtYDU

+XJR*DUFtD3DODFLRV

  Página127de395


 (

&ULVWyEDO=DPEUDQR

&

9pOH]

8

$PDGR%LHQYHQLGR

$

=DPEUDQR&HORULR

5

0DUWKD 6iQFKH]

,

35(6$62'( 75$%$-$'25(6 $*5Ë&2/$6

9$/'(=

35(6$62 (63(5$1=$'(/ 0$f$1$

9$/'(=

35(6$62'( $*5,&8/725(6'( 2&78%5(

3$6$-(

35(6$620$7(5

5(6%$/Ï1

35(6,'(17( &2081,'$'

5(6%$/Ï1

-RVp5DPyQ3RQFH

$62$*523(&8$5,$

5(6%$/Ï1

'LDQD$OFtYDU

&225',1$'25'(/$ &2081,'$'

6$1(/2<

',5,*(17(

6$1(/2<

&(1752$*5Ë&2/$ &$1721$/

6$1(/2<

-RVp (GZLQ (VSLQR]D %UDYR

35(6&2081$

6$1$1'5e6

5RQDOG 0HGUDQGD

$62$*5Ë&2/$ 0,1$'(252

0,1$'(252

$62$*523(&8$5,$ /$*8$<$%$

/$*8$<$%$

/XLV%ULRQHV

35(6$62 (035(1'('25(6

(/&(55,72

)LOLEHUWR0RUHLUD

35(6$62&,$&,Ï1 7252'(252

(/&(55,72

35(6 $*52$57(6$1$/(/ )587,//2

(/)587,//2

6iQFKH]

$

6DQGUD9DOHQFLD

6

'LOPR3iUUDJD*RQJRUD

5DPLUR&HGHxR 'XEHU =DPEUDQR

0HQGR]D

&DOGHUyQ

1pVWRU-DYLHU9LOOD $QFKXQGLD

-LPP\&DVWUR

7HREDOGR9pOH]

$62&,$&,Ï1'( $*5,&8/725(6

6WDOLQ=DPEUDQR 3DODFLRV 'HERUD

9DOHQFLD

 (/38(%/,72

',5,*(17(

(/38(%/,72

35(6'(/$&2081$



  Página128de395


 0HGUDQGD

+,*8(5Ï1

5DPLUR5H\QD5H\QD

.OHEHU9DOHQFLD9

$62$*523(&8$5,$



18(9$(5$

+,*8(5Ï1

35(&25325$&,Ï1 '($*5,&8/725(6'( +,*8(5Ï1

 +,*8(5Ï1

0DUtD,VDEHO)UDQFR

$620878$³ 0257825,$38(572 +,*8(5Ï1´

38(572+,*8(5Ï1

(VWXDUGR5LYDGHQHLUD

$62'(&$03(6,126

18(9$(63(5$1=$

18(9$(63(5$1=$

:LOVRQ0RUHLUD

$62$*5,&8/725(6

6$1-$&,172

6L[WR7ULYLxR

35(6$62'( $*5,&8/725(6-8$1 3$/20,12

(/&(5(&,72

6LPyQ6ROyU]DQR

$62'($%5,/

/$63(f$6

(GLVRQ9DOHQFLD

$62'(7523,7$*8$

62627(

3XEOLR5XL]

35(6'(/$&2081$

62627(

:LQWHU6DOWRV

$62$*523(&8$5,$ /263$/0$5(6

62627(

&20,7e585$/ 62627($'(1752

62627($'(1752

$62$*523(&8$5,$ '(-8/,2

6$15248(

75(6&+$5&26

(QULTXH&HORULR

$623(48(f26 75$%$-$'25(6 $*5Ë&2/$6

1DQF\'HOJDGR

35(6$6352*$5

75(6&+$5&26±/$6(&$

5HQiQ$OFtYDU

$623520$5

75(6&+$5&26

35(6$626$17$ /8&,$

/$35,0$9(5$

',5,*(17(

/$35,0$9(5$

35(6$62'( $*5,&8/725(6

'$1=$5,1

7HREDOGR&DUUHxR  .OHYHU&RYHxD9 

*XLGR'HOJDGR,EDUUD %HUFHOLR,EDUUD -RVp *DU\ *DUFLD

/OHUHQD

  Página129de395


 ,VDEHO /OHUHQD

=DPEUDQR

35(6$6281,Ï1< 75$%$-2

'$1=$5,1

35(6$62'( &(57,),&$'25(6'( 6(0,//$'(0$Ë=

'$1=$5,1

$QWRQLR+ROJXtQ

',5,*(17(

7,(55$%21,7$

3DVFDVLR+LGURYR

',5,*(17(

/$3$3$<$

*HRYDQQ\$FRVWD

$62'( $*5,&8/725(6

+2512'(3$1

%ROtYDU5RGUtJXH]

',5,*(17(

(/02<8<2

-RVp*DUFtD&HORULR

37(&58=52-$ &$1721$/

5RFDIXHUWH\$WDKXDOSD

)UHVLD0D0XxR] 0RUHLUD

37$'($62 (03/($'26< 75$%$-$'25(6 081,&,3$/(6

3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH

1HSWDOt2FWDYLR$OFtYDU &HGHxR

6(&5(7$5,2*(1(5$/ '(75$%$-$'25(6 081,&,3$/(6

3LFKLQFKDHQWUH%ROtYDU\ 5RFDIXHUWH

-XDQÈQJHO5RGUtJXH] &HGHxR

6(&5(7$5,2*(1(5$/ '(/6,1',&$72'( &+2)(5(6 352)(6,21$/(6

%ROtYDU\GH$JRVWR

0DULDQD&DOGHUyQGH 0HUFKiQ

35(6,'(17$81(

$Y6XFUH

*OXEHU5REOHV 5LYDGHQHLUD

37($62*(1(5$/ $57(6$126

(OR\$OIDUR

*OXEHU5REOHV 5LYDGHQHLUD

37($6$0%/($/2&$/ 52&$)8(57(

(OR\$OIDUR

-XOLR-RVp%UDYR 5RGUtJXH]

37($62 -89(178'(6 52&$)8(57(

&ODXGLR*DUFtD

$QGUpV&HGHxR 6iQFKH]

37(&È0$5$'( &20(5&,2

3HGUR&DUER

35(6,'(17($62'( (;3(1'('25(6'( *$1$'20$<25< 0(12552&$)8(57(

5RFDIXHUWHHQWUH$WDKXDOSD\ GH$JRVWR

 )UDQFR=DPEUDQR /OHUHQD

     5 ( 3 5 ( 6 ( 1 7 $ 1 7 (

7REtDV&DUYDMDO

  Página130de395


 6    / 2 &

$GULDQD(VSLQR]DGH 'XHxDV

35(6,'(17$ )81'$&,Ï1 52&$)8(57(

$WDKXDOSD\%ROtYDU

2OJXLWD3LFR0HGUDQGD

',5(&725$$'0'(/ &(1752,17(*5$/ '(/$'8/720$<25 -8/,2&('(f2$

%ROtYDUYtD5LRFKLFR

0DULDQD&DOGHUyQGH 0HUFKiQ

35(6,'(17$'(/$ &$6$'(&8/785$ (;752&$)8(57(

%ROtYDU\$Y6XFUH

(GLVRQ9DOHQFLD

$62&,$&,21 7523,7$*8$6

6RVRWH

&pVDU=DPEUDQR &HGHxR

35(6,'(17($62 75$%$-$'25(6 $87Ï12026(1 75,&,&/2618(926 +25,=217(6

3LFKLQFKD\(OR\$OIDUR

:D\QHU=DPEUDQR

35(6,'(17($62 75$%$-$'25(6 $87Ï12026(1 75,&,&/2618(675$ 6(f25$'(/&$50(1

3LFKLQFKD\(OR\$OIDUR

6HEDVWLDQ9pOH] 3LOOOLJXD

35(6,'(17($62 75,&,&/(52681,'$' <)257$/(=$

3LFKLQFKD\(OR\$OIDUR

&DUPHQ5RGUtJXH] 6DFRWR

35(6,'(17$'( )81'$&,Ï15(,1$'( /$7(5&(5$('$' 1Ò&/(2'( 52&$)8(57(

%ROtYDU\$Y6FXUH

&DUPHQ'HOJDGRÈYLOD

35(6,'(17$'(/ &20,7e'($*2672

GH$JRVWR

0DUtD7HUHVD =DPEUDQR'HOJDGR

35(6,'(17$&/8%'( $%2*$'26'( 52&$)8(57(

-XDQ0RQWDOYR\(OR\$OIDUR

5RPHR$OEiQ3DODFLRV

35(6,'(17( $',652&$

$Y'RQ%RVFR

&DUORV6ROyU]DQR $OFtYDU

35(6,'(17($62,1* &,9,/(6'(/&$17Ï1

3LFKLQFKDFGOD/RV6DXFHV

+HUQiQ&HGHxR &HGHxR

37($620e',&26 &$17Ï152&$)8(57(

3LFKLQFKD

$ / ( 6

6QH\GHU&RYHxD9HUD

35(6,'(17($62 (6&8(/$ (678',$17(6'(/$

5RFDIXHUWHHQWUH$WDKXDOSD\ 3LFKLQFKD

  Página131de395


 )&&&,(1&,$6 $*521Ï0,&$6'(/$ 81,9(56,'$''( *8$<$48,/3$5$/(/2 52&$)8(57(

6WDOLQ&HGHxR0XxR]

35(6,'(17(&20,7e %$55,$/-+21) .(11('<

-KRQ).HQQHG\

(GXDUGR5RVDGR

35(6,'(17($62 ,17(53529,1&,$/'( $57(6$126 52&$)8(57(

5RFDIXHUWH

7HUHVD6DQWDQD 6iQFKH]

35(6,'(17$&(1752 '(3257,92(6&2/$5 52&$)8(57(

$WDQDVLR6DQWRV

-RVp4XLMLMH9pOH]

35(6,'(17(&/8% -26e0$5Ë$+8(57$

-RVp0DUtD+XHUWD

0LJXHO0HQGR]D 0HQGR]D

35(6,'(17($62 75$%$-$'25(6'(/$ 0,1,7(50,1$/

$Y6XFUH

$OH[DQGUD0XxR] 0DFtDV

35(6,'(17$&20,7e &$//(6(37,(0%5(

GH6HSWLHPEUH

5LFDUGR2UWL]

35(6,'(17( )81'$&,Ï1&8/785$/ <62&,$/18(9$ *(1(5$&,Ï16&253,2

5RFDIXHUWH

*HUDUGR&HGHxR9pOH]

35(6,'(17(&/8%'( /(21(652&$)8(57(

3LFKLQFKDH,QGHSHQGHQFLD

/tGHU&KiYH]+ROJXLQ

35(6,'(17(&/8% 3256,(035($0,*26

,ULQD*DUFtD$YLOpV

35(6,'(17$&2/,1$6 6$1-26e

&ROLQDV6DQ-RVp

<LOOLDP*DUFtD 5RGUtJXH]

37(1Ò&/(20(',&2 9(7(5,1$5,26 52&$)8(57(

6HSWLHPEUHH ,QGHSHQGHQFLD

:LQVWRQ&HGHxR 9LOODJyPH]

)81'$&,Ï1&8/785$/ 6&253,2

$Y(OR\$OIDUR

-XOLR%UDYR9pOH]

35(6,'(17(&/8% $7/e7,&21$&,21$/

&ODXGLR*DUFtD

-XOLR*DUFtD*LOHU

9,&(35(6,'(17( &/8%1$5$1-$ 0(&È1,&$

5RFDIXHUWH

GH$JRVWR

  Página132de395




&

*XVWDYR)HUQiQGH]

37(&/8% 0$1&+(67(5

$WDKXDOSD

,ULQD*DUFtD$YLOpV

37$$62$<8'$ 0878$0$5Ë$ $8;,/,$'25$

5RFDIXHUWH

-LPP\5RPHUR

35(6,'(17( $6&2352'$5

$Y'RQ%RVFR

7HRGXOIR5XL]

/Ë'(5&2081,7$5,2

6RVRWH

)HOLSH&DUUHxR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081$

6RVRWH$GHQWUR

/~EHU9pOH]

35(6,'(17(&2081$

7LHUUDV$PDULOODV

-RVp$EDG%DVXUWR5XL]

35(6,'(17(&2081$

3XHUWR/RRU

,YDQ&KXO\V

35(6,'(17(&2081$

6DQ-RVpGH/DV3HxDV

1DQF\9pOH]

',5,*(17('(/$ &2081,'$'/$6 3(f$6

6DQ-RVpGHOD3HxDV

-XOLR0HUR

35(6,'(17(&2081$

(O3XHEOLWR

(OLHWH0XxR]

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

%XHQRV$LUHV

-RVp=DPEUDQR/RRU

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

(O&HUHFLWR

5yPXOR=DPEUDQR

/,'(5'(/$ &2081,'$'

6DQ-DFLQWR

'HYRUD9DOHQFLD

35(6,'(17$'(/$ &2081$

+LJXHUyQ

0DUtD)UDQFR

35(6,'(17$$62 $<8'$0878$

3XHUWR+LJXHUyQ

(VWXDUGR5LYDGHQHLUD

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

1XHYD(VSHUDQ]D

-DYLHU/ySH]

35(6,'(17('(/$ &2081,'$'

/RV5tRV

)HOLSH6ROyU]DQR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

/D-DJXD

0HUFHGHV$OFtYDU

35(6,'(17$'(/$ &2081,'$'

(O&HUULWR

(GLVRQ&DVWUR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

(O)UXWLOOR

2 0 8 1 , ' $ ' ( 6

  Página133de395


 :LOPHU&DVWUR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

/D*XD\DED

:LOVRQ'XHxDV

35(6,'(17('(/$ &2081,'$'

/D&DOLIRUQLD

:DVKLQJWRQ0RQWHV

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

7DEDFDOHV

)UDQFLVFR&DUUHxR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

9DOGH]

1RUEHUWR9pOH]

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

1XHYD3DTXLVKD

$XUHOLR9DOGH]

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

6DQ3HGUR

$QWRQLR*XHUUHUR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

9DOOH+HUPRVR

)LGHO&DWDJXD

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

/D0RUODFD

(GJDU,QWULDJR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

/D5HFWD

&DUORV0H]D

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

/DV3DSD\DV$IXHUD

)UDQFLVFR'HOJDGR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

/DV3DSD\DV$GHQWUR

$QWRQLR+ROJXtQ

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

7LHUUD%RQLWD

(GLWD9HUJDUD

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

(O&HUUR

&DUORV9pOH]

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

&HUUR9HUGH

0LODJUR&DVDQRYD

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

3DMD&RORUDGD

&HVDU9HUD0HQGR]D

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

(O0RWHWH

%ROtYDU5RGUtJXH]

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

(O0X\X\R

'RPLQJR0H]D

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

(O*XDUDQJR

*ORULD3iUUDJD

35(6,'(17$ &2081,'$'

6DQ0LJXHOGH7UHV&KDUFRV

6DQWD%DVXUWR

5(35(6(17$17('(

*XDQiEDQR

  Pรกgina134de395


 /$&2081,'$'

.OpYHU6DQWRV

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

7LHUUD'XUD

:LOVRQ&HGHxR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081$

/D3ULPDYHUD

:LOVRQ6DEDQGR

35(6,'(17( &2081,'$'

+RUQRGH3DQ

+HULEHUWR5RGUtJXH]

35(6,'(17(-817$'( $*8$

(O&DUGyQ

$JXVWtQ5RPHUR

35(6,'(17('(/&/8% *5$162&,('$'

/DV)ORUHV

/RUHQ]R5RGUtJXH]

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

/D+RUPD

6DOYDGRU&HGHxR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

/D+RUPD

%ROtYDU$QFKXQGLD

35(6,'(17('(/$ &2081$

'DQ]DUtQ

$OIRQVR=DPEUDQR

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

/D/DPDU

'LYLQR&REHxD

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

6DQ$QWRQLR

.OpYHU&REHxD

5(35(6(17$17('( /$&2081,'$'

6DQ5RTXH

5(35(6(17$17(6'( /$&2081,'$'

2MRGH$JXD

-RVp&DVWUR ,VDXUR0HGLQD

(/$%25$'2(48,32'(3/$1,),&$&,21'(/*$'



  Pรกgina135de395


 0$3$,1)5$(6758&785$6('8&$7,9$6(1(/&$1721

 (/$%25$'2(48,32'(3/$1,),&$&,21'(/*$' 

 

1(&(6,'$'(6%รˆ6,&$6,16$7,6)(&+$6 1%, 

6HJ~QGDWRVGHO6,,6(YHUVLyQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHPDUFDVXV1HFHVLGDGHVEiVLFDV LQVDWLVIHFKDV HQ XQ  DVt PLVPR GHWHUPLQD HQ XQ  D OD SREODFLyQ HQ H[WUHPD SREUH]DHYLGHQFLDQGRXQDOWRSRUFHQWDMHGHFDUHQFLDVTXHSDGHFHHVWHFDQWyQ 7$%/$1ยƒ325&(17$-('(32%5(=$3251%,





3REUH]DSRU1%,

GHSREODFLyQHQH[WUHPDSREUH]D





)8(17(,1(&ยฑ(67$'ร‹67,&$69,7$/(6 (/$%25$'2*$'5RFDIXHUWH

  Pรกgina136de395


 

%212'('(6$552//2+80$12

(O%RQRGH'HVDUUROOR+XPDQRHVODWUDQVIHUHQFLDPRQHWDULDPHQVXDOGH86'TXHHVWi FRQGLFLRQDGD DO FXPSOLPLHQWR GH UHTXLVLWRV HVWDEOHFLGRV SRU HO 9LFHPLQLVWHULR GH $VHJXUDPLHQWR \ 0RYLOLGDG 6RFLDO \ TXH OR UHFLEHQ ORV UHSUHVHQWDQWHV GH ORV Q~FOHRV IDPLOLDUHV GH SUHIHUHQFLD D OD PXMHU TXH FRQVWD FRPR MHIH GH Q~FOHR R FyQ\XJH  TXH VH HQFXHQWUDQ EDMR OD OtQHD GH SREUH]D HVWDEOHFLGD SRU HO 0LQLVWHULR GH &RRUGLQDFLyQ GH 'HVDUUROOR6RFLDOGHDFXHUGRDORVUHVXOWDGRVREWHQLGRVGHO5HJLVWUR6RFLDO 6HEHQHILFLDQWDPELpQGHHVWDERQLILFDFLyQORVDGXOWRVPD\RUHVTXHKD\DQFXPSOLGRORV DxRV GH HGDG R PiV \ ODV SHUVRQDV FRQ GLVFDSDFLGDG LJXDO R VXSHULRU DO  HQ DPERV FDVRV ORV EHQHILFLDULRV GHEHUiQ FXPSOLU ODV FRQGLFLRQHV GH YXOQHUDELOLGDG \ TXH QR HVWpQ DILOLDGDVDXQVLVWHPDGHVHJXULGDGS~EOLFR 6HJ~Q'HFUHWR(MHFXWLYR1RGHIHFKD GH(QHURGH  6HJ~Q LQIRUPDFLyQ HVWDGtVWLFD GHO 0,(6 HO Q~PHUR GH IDPLOLDV EHQHILFLDULDV GHO %RQR GH 'HVDUUROOR+XPDQRDFWLYRVHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHDVFLHQGHDODFDQWLGDGGH 7$%/$1ยƒ%(1(),&,$5,26'(/%212'('(6$552//2+80$12 0$'5(6

$'8/726 0$<25(6

3(5621$6&21 ',6&$3$&,'$'

0(125(6'(('$'&21 ',6&$3$&,'$'









 )8(17(0,(6 (/$%25$'2*$'5RFDIXHUWH

 



*58326e71,&26

(O FHQVR GHO ,1(&  GHWHUPLQD TXH OD PD\RU SDUWH GH OD SREODFLyQ GHO FDQWyQ GH 5RFDIXHUWH VH DXWRLGHQWLILFD FRPR PHVWL]D    VHJXLGD GHO PRQWXELRD    DIURGHVFHQGLHQWHV  EODQFRD  RWUDDXWRLGHQWLILFDFLyQ  \HQ~OWLPR OXJDUORVLQGtJHQDV    

KWWSZZZLQFOXVLRQJREHFTXLHQHVVRPRVEGK



  Pรกgina137de395


 7$%/$1ยƒ$872,'(17,),&$&,ร1$1,9(/&$1721$/

 

 

&2+(6,ร162&,$/<3(57(1(1&,$'(/$32%/$&,ร1&2181

7(55,725,2 $O UHIHULUQRV D OD FRKHVLyQ VRFLDO HVWDPRV LQGLFDQGR TXH ORV JUXSRV VRFLDOHV VH LQWHUUHODFLRQDQ FRQ HO ILQ GH SURPRYHU OD FRRSHUDFLyQ VRFLDO (Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH OD FRKHVLyQVRFLDOVHDSOLFDHQODVHJXULGDGFLXGDGDQDVLHQGRODVSULPHUDVEULJDGDVEDUULDOHV GHVHJXULGDGODGH/DV3HxDV\(O3XHEOLWRODVFXDOHVIXQFLRQDQGHVGHHODxR $ WUDYpV GHO &RQVHMR GH 6HJXULGDG &LXGDGDQD GHO &DQWyQ &6&  FUHDGR PHGLDQWH RUGHQDQ]D DSUREDGD HQ OD VHVLRQHV RUGLQDULDV SRU HO FRQVHMR PXQLFLSDO GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HO  GH GLFLHPEUH \  GH GLFLHPEUH GHO D WUDYpV GH HVWH FRQVHMRVH KD SURPRYLGR OD FRQIRUPDFLyQ GH HVWiV EULJDGDV WHQLHQGR D OD IHFKD XQ WRWDO GH  EULJDGDV FRPXQLWDULDV \ XQD EULJDGD EDUULDO HQ OD ]RQD XUEDQD GHO FDQWyQ ODV PLVPDV TXH VH HQFXHQWUDQ XELFDGDV HQ ODV FRPXQLGDGHV GH 9DOGpV (O 3XHEOLWR /RV 5tRV 6RVRWH 6DQ 3HGURGH6RVRWH/RV3RVLWRVGH6RVRWH6DQ-RVpGH/DV3HxDV\5RFDIXHUWH &DEH LQGLFDU TXH WRGDV ODV DFWLYLGDGHV TXH VH HIHFW~DQ VRQ HQ FRRUGLQDFLyQ FRQ ORV GLYHUVRVHQWHVUHODFLRQDGRVFRQHO&6& /DVROLGDULGDGFRPRUDVJRGHLGHQWLGDGGHOSXHEOR5RFDIRUWHQVHFRQVWLWXLUiODEDVHSDUDOD FRKHVLyQ H LQWHJUDFLyQ VRFLDO SXHV ORV SURFHVRV GH GHVDUUROOR ORFDO VHUiQ H[LWRVRV HQ OD PHGLGD TXH KD\D SDUWLFLSDFLyQ GH DFWRUHV VRFLDOHV SURYHQLHQWHV GH WRGRV ORV iPELWRV OR FXDO LPSOLFD OD LQVHUFLyQ GH SROtWLFDV S~EOLFDV LQFOX\HQWHV FRQ DJHQGDV \ UHVXOWDGRV FRQFUHWRVTXHUHFRQR]FDQODVGLIHUHQWHVOyJLFDVGHORVDFWRUHVLQYROXFUDGRV

  Pรกgina138de395




 

3$75,021,2

&8/785$/

7$1*,%/(

(

,17$1*,%/(

<

&212&,0,(172$1&(675$/ 

352*5$0$6<352<(&72635,25,=$'26'(6'((/0,1,67(5,2'(

&8/785$<3$75,021,2(1(/7(55,725,2&$1721$/ (O 0LQLVWHULR GH &XOWXUD \ 3DWULPRQLR KD LQWHUYHQLGR HQ HO WHUULWRULR FDQWRQDO FRQ OD HODERUDFLyQ GHO LQYHQWDULR GH ELHQHV SDWULPRQLDOHV FRQ HO GHFUHWR GH HPHUJHQFLD GHO DxR  DVt WDPELpQ OD UHVWDXUDFLyQ GH LPiJHQHV UHOLJLRVDV GH OD LJOHVLD 1XHVWUD 6UD 'HO &DUPHQHQHODxR\DKRUDXOWLPRODYDOLGDFLyQ\DFWXDOL]DFLyQGHODJHRUHIHUHQFLDGH ELHQHV PXHEOHV LQYHQWDULDGRV GLVHxR H LPSOHPHQWDFLyQ GH PDSDV WHPiWLFRV GH ELHQHV LQPXHEOHVSDWULPRQLDOHVHVHO 7$%/$1ยƒ352'8&726,19(17$5,$'26325(/,13&%,(1(6 &8/785$/(67$1*,%/(6(,17$1*,%/(6 ,19(17$5,23$75,021,$/&$17ร152&$)8(57(3529,1&,$0$1$%ร‹ %,(1(63$75,021,$/(6

%,(1(6&8/785$/(6 $548(2/ร*,&26

6(&725(623(5621$648( 5(*(17$1

5(*,0(1'( 3523,('$'

/DVHFD

3ULYDGR

/DVHFD,,

3ULYDGR

'DQ]DUtQ,,

3ULYDGR

'DQ]DUtQ,,,

3ULYDGR

'DQ]DUtQ,9

3ULYDGR

'DQ]DUtQ9

3ULYDGR

*XDUDQJR

3ULYDGR

*XDUDQJR,,

3ULYDGR

(O&DUGyQ

3ULYDGR

/D5HFWD

3ULYDGR

/D,JXDQD9

3ULYDGR

5HVHUYRULR

3ULYDGR

1DUFLVDGH-HV~V

3ULYDGR

0LUDGRU

3ULYDGR

(O&HUULWR

3ULYDGRS~EOLFR

  Pรกgina139de395


 $OEDUUDGD

3ULYDGR

&ROLQDV6DQ-RVp

3ULYDGR

6DQ-RVpGHODV3HxDV

3ULYDGR

(O&HUUR

3ULYDGR

/DV*XDFKDUDFDV

3ULYDGR

5HJLVWURGHODSURSLHGDGยฑPHUFDQWLO GHVGH 

&DOOH-XDQ0RQWDOYR\%ROtYDU

3~EOLFR

1RWDUtDVHJXQGD GHVGH 

&DOOH(OR\$OIDUR\3LFKLQFKD

3~EOLFR

-X]JDGRGpFLPRFXDUWRGHORFLYLO GHVGH  

&DOOH(OR\$OIDUR\GH6HSWLHPEUH

3~EOLFR

1RWDUtDSULPHUD GHVGH 

&DOOH3HGUR&DUER\SURORQJDFLyQ 3LFKLQFKD

3~EOLFR

3DUURTXLD1XHVWUD6HxRUDGHO&DUPHQ  

&DOOH3LFKLQFKD\5RFDIXHUWH

(FOHVLiVWLFR

&DOOHGH6HSWLHPEUH\5RFDIXHUWH

3~EOLFR

9LFHQWH5RFDIXHUWH

3DUTXH&HQWUDOGH5RFDIXHUWH

(VWDWDO

&RFKH

&XHUSRGH%RPEHURVGH5RFDIXHUWH

(VWDWDO

$QWRQLR-RVpGH6XFUH

*RELHUQR0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH

(VWDWDO

6LPyQ%ROtYDU

*RELHUQR0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH

(VWDWDO

*DEULHO*DUFtD0RUHQR

*RELHUQR0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH

(VWDWDO

*HQHUDO(OR\$OIDUR

*RELHUQR0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH

(VWDWDO

+pURH$JRQL]DQWH

*RELHUQR0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH

(VWDWDO

$5&+,926

$5&+,926<'2&80(1726 -HIDWXUD&DQWRQDO5HJLVWUR&LYLO   %,(1(6&8/785$/(608(%/(6

  Pรกgina140de395


 %,(1(6&8/785$/(6,108(%/(6 ,JOHVLD1XHVWUD6UDGHO&DUPHQ

&DOOHGHVHSWLHPEUH

5HOLJLRVR

&DVD6UWD(QD$OFtYDU$OFtYDU

&DOOHGHVHSWLHPEUH

3ULYDGR

&DUPHQ0DUtD0HQGR]D*DUFtDยฑ(OHQD =DPEUDQR+LGDOJR

&DOOH3LFKLQFKD

3ULYDGR

6U2FWDYLR7RPiV&HGHxR9pOH]

&DOOH%ROtYDU

3ULYDGR

6U+HUQiQ&DUWDJHQD

&DOOH%ROtYDU

3ULYDGR

6UWD0DJQD8JDOGH$OFtYDU

&DOOH,QGHSHQGHQFLD

3ULYDGR

6U-RVp9LFHQWH5RGUtJXH]&DUYDMDO

&DOOHGH6HSWLHPEUH\(OR\$OIDUR HTXLQD

3ULYDGR

6U3DXO7RUUHV5RPHUR

&DOOHGH6HSWLHPEUH\(OR\$OIDUR HTXLQD

3ULYDGR

7HRGROLQGD0RUHLUD*XHUUHUR\/RUHQD 5RGUtJXH]*XHUUHUR

&DOOH$WDKXDOSD\5RFDIXHUWH

3ULYDGR

6U*DOR9pOH]$OFtYDU

&DOOH3LFKLQFKD\%ROtYDU

3ULYDGR

6UD)HUQDQGD3DODFLRV3RQFH

&DOOH3LFKLQFKD

3ULYDGR

6U0DXULOLR$OFtYDU/RRU

&DOOHGH6HSWLHPEUH

3ULYDGR

6U:LOWHU5RGUtJXH]&HGHxR

&DOOHGH6HSWLHPEUH

3ULYDGR

6U3DEOR$UFHQLR'XHxDV0HQGR]D

&DOOH(OR\$OIDUR\GH6HSWLHPEUH

3ULYDGR

6UD=RLOD'DQHU\5RGUtJXH]=DPEUDQR

&DOOH%ROtYDU\3HGUR&DUER

3ULYDGR

6UWD0DUWKD3DXOLQD*DUFtD&RYHxD

$Y6XFUH\FDOOH-RVp-RDTXtQGH 2OPHGR

3ULYDGR

6U-RVp3HPHQLGHV=DPEUDQR &DUUDQ]D

&DOOH5RFDIXHUWH\GHDJRVWR

3ULYDGR

6U&ODXGLR*DOR*DUFtD6DQWRV

&DOOH%ROtYDU\3HGUR&DUER

3ULYDGR

6U7RELDV1RUEHUWR=DPEUDQR 5LYDGHQHLUD

&DOOH%ROtYDU\-XDQ0RQWDOYR

3ULYDGR

6U-RVp*DUFtD*LOHU

0DQXHO-FDOOH\GHVHSWLHPEUH

3ULYDGR

+HUHGHURV9HUD&KiYH]

&DOOHGH6HSWLHPEUH\$WDQDVLR 6DQWRV

3ULYDGR

&RPXQLGDGGH2EODWDVGH6DQ )UDQFLVFRGH6DOHV

&DOOH3HGUR&DUER\5RFDIXHUWH

3ULYDGR

  Pรกgina141de395


 6UD1RUPD6ROHGDG9pOH]0RQWHV

&DOOH3HGUR&DUER\%ROtYDU

3ULYDGR

+HUHGHURV'HOJDGR=DPEUDQR

&DOOH(OR\$OIDUR\-XDQ0RQWDOYR

3ULYDGR

0DJDOL-DTXHOLQH=DPEUDQR$OFtYDU

&DOOH%ROtYDU\3HGUR&DUER

3ULYDGR

1LHYH$XURUD&RRO3DODFLRV

&DOOH5RFDIXHUWH\3HGUR&DUER

3ULYDGR

6U.OHYHU5RPHUR0HQGLHWD

&DOOH(OR\$OIDUR\0DQXHO-&DOOH

3ULYDGR

3DUTXH&HQWUDO

(QWUH3LFKLQFKD%ROtYDU\5RFDIXHUWH

3ULYDGR

3DUTXH(OR\$OIDUR

&DOOH$WDQDVLR6DQWRV\GH 6HSWLHPEUH

3ULYDGR

0DXVXOHR(OtDV&HGHxR-HUYHV

&HPHQWHULRGH5RFDIXHUWH

3ULYDGR

)UDQFLVFR5RPHUR$OEiQ

&HPHQWHULRGH5RFDIXHUWH

3ULYDGR

%,(1(6&8/785$/(6,10$7(5,$/(6*$6752120ร‹$ %L]FRFKXHORVHQGXO]DGRV *DOOHWLWDVGHDOPLGyQ 3UHVWLxR $OIDMRU 7XUUyQGHPLHOGHDEHMD 7UROLFKHV &RFDGDV 5RPER 'XOFHGHSLxD 'XOFHGHFDPRWH &RQLWRV5HOOHQRV 7XUUyQGHPDQt 'XOFHVGHDMRQMROt +XHYRPR\R /LPRQHVUHOOHQRV 'XOFHGHKLJR

  Pรกgina142de395


 6XVSLURV 5RPSRSH (OOXVWUDGR 3UHQVDGRV

  

029,0,(17260,*5$725,26

'H DFXHUGR D OR TXH HVWDEOHFH HO FHQVR GHO ,1(& HQ HO DxR  VH UHSRUWDQ  FDVRV RILFLDOHV GH PLJUDFLyQ WHQLHQGR FRPR SULQFLSDO GHVWLQR D (VSDxD FRQ  FDVRV FRQVWLWX\HQGR HO  VHJXLGR D (VWDGRV 8QLGRV FRQ  FDVRV FRQ HO  H ,WDOLD FRQ  FDVRV FRQ HO  \D HQ PHQRV SURSRUFLRQHV HQFRQWUDPRV GHVWLQRV FRPR 9HQH]XHOD FRQ  FDVRV $UJHQWLQD FRQ  FDVRV &XED &KLOH )UDQFLD \ (VORYDTXLD  FRQ  FDVRUHVSHFWLYDPHQWH\FDVRVVLQHVSHFLILFDUGHVWLQR (VWDPLJUDFLyQKDWHQLGRFRPRSULQFLSDOREMHWLYRUD]RQHVGHWUDEDMRVHUHJLVWUDQFDVRV TXH UHSUHVHQWDQ HO  GH OD WRWDOLGDG VHJXLGR GH OD XQLyQ IDPLOLDU FRQ  FDVRV UHSUHVHQWDQGRHO\\DHQPHQRUSRUFHQWDMHSRUUD]RQHVGHHVWXGLRVFRQFDVRV UHSUHVHQWDQGRHO\RWURVPRWLYRVFDVRVFRQHO /DV FLIUDV DQWHULRUHV SRQHQ HQ HYLGHQFLD XQ FUHFLHQWH LQWHUpV GH ORV PLJUDQWHV SRU EXVFDU PHMRUHVRSRUWXQLGDGHVGHHPSOHRUHFXUULHQGRDYLDMDUOHMRVGHVXIDPLOLDFRQODDVSLUDFLyQ GHPD\RUHVLQJUHVRVTXHVROYHQWHQODGHPDQGDHFRQyPLFDGHVXHQWRUQRODXQLyQIDPLOLDU WDPELpQHVSUHSRQGHUDQWHHQHVWRVFDVRVODPD\RUtDGHHVWDVXQLRQHVVHGDQOXHJRGHTXH XQPLHPEURGHIDPLOLDPLJUDUDHQEXVFDGHHPSOHRSRURWUDSDUWHHOGHVHRGHVXSHUDFLyQ KDVLGRWDPELpQHOPRWLYRGHYDULRVPLJUDQWHVTXHFRQPXFKRHVIXHU]RGHFLGLHURQUHDOL]DU VXVHVWXGLRVHQHOH[WUDQMHUR   

  Pรกgina143de395


 7$%/$1ยƒ1ร’0(52'(0,(0%526'(+2*$55(6,',(1'2(1(/(;7(5,25 <35,1&,3$/027,92'(9,$-( $FWXDOSDtVGH UHVLGHQFLD

6H[RGHOPLJUDQWH

7RWDO



$FXPXODGR

+RPEUH

0XMHU

$UJHQWLQD











&XED











&KLOH



























































































(VWDGRV8QLGRV 9HQH]XHOD (VSDxD )UDQFLD 3RUFHQWDMHGH PLHPEURVGH ,WDOLD KRJDU UHVLGLHQGRHQ (VORYDTXLD HOH[WHULRU 6LQ(VSHFLILFDU 7RWDO 3ULQFLSDO PRWLYRGHYLDMH

6H[RGHOPLJUDQWH +RPEUH

0XMHU

7RWDO



$FXPXODGR

7UDEDMR











(VWXGLRV









































8QLyQIDPLOLDU 2WUR 7RWDO )8(17(,1(&&(16232%<9,9

      Pรกgina144de395


 *5$),&21ยƒ$&78$/3$ร‹6'(5(6,'(1&,$

 )8(17(,1(&&(16232%<9,9

 *5$),&21ยƒ35,1&,3$/(6027,926'(9,$-(

 )8(17(,1(&&(16232%<9,9

       Pรกgina145de395




 

*5832635,25,7$5,26



1,f(=<$'2/(6&(1&,$

/D (UUDGLFDFLyQ GHO 7UDEDMR ,QIDQWLO HV XQD SROtWLFD S~EOLFD HQ GRQGH VH HVWDEOHFHQ SURJUDPDV \ DFFLRQHV FRQ OD ILQDOLGDG GH GLVPLQXLU \ SUHYHQLU HO WUDEDMR LQIDQWLO WHQLHQGR FRPRPHWDUHLQVHUWDUORVGHUHFKRVGHORVQLxRVDV\DGROHVFHQWHV (O*RELHUQR$XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHDGRSWypVWDSROtWLFDSDUDVHU DSOLFDGDDWUDYpVGHOD'LUHFFLyQSDUDOD3URWHFFLyQGH'HUHFKRVGHORV*UXSRVGH$WHQFLyQ 3ULRULWDULDSDUDOOHYDUDFDERHOFXPSOLPLHQWRGHODPLVPDVHFRRUGLQD\VHWUDEDMDHQIRUPD DUWLFXODGD FRQ HO 0LQLVWHULR GH 5HODFLRQHV /DERUDOHV 0LQLVWHULR &RRUGLQDGRU 6RFLDO 0LQLVWHULRGH(GXFDFLyQ0,(6\0LQLVWHULRGH6DOXGFX\RVUHSUHVHQWDQWHVIRUPDQSDUWHGH ODPHVD&DQWRQDO /RV 0LHPEURV GH OD -XQWD &DQWRQDO SDUD OD 3URWHFFLyQ GH 'HUHFKRV HO (TXLSR WpFQLFR \ DGPLQLVWUDWLYR DQDOL]DURQ ORV OXJDUHV FRQ PD\RU LQFLGHQFLD HQ WUDEDMR LQIDQWLO HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWHOOHJDQGRDODFRQFOXVLyQGHTXHORVOXJDUHVFRQWUDEDMRLQIDQWLOVRQHO0HUFDGR 0XQLFLSDO \ HO PXUR GH 7LHUUD %RQLWD WUDVODGiQGRVH D pVWRV OXJDUHVFRQ HO ILQ GH OHYDQWDU LQIRUPDFLyQ\FRQIRUPDUXQDOtQHDGHEDVHQRVWUDVODGDPRVDpVWRVOXJDUHVSDUDFRQVWDWDU ODH[LVWHQFLDGHOWUDEDMRLQIDQWLO $ WUDYpV GHO VLJXLHQWH FXDGUR HVWDGtVWLFR PRVWUDUHPRV HO Q~PHUR GH QLxRV QLxDV \ DGROHVFHQWHVTXHWUDEDMDQHQORVOXJDUHVDQWHVPHQFLRQDGRV 7$%/$1ยƒ



6(&725(675$%$-$1'2,1)$17,/ 11$0(5&$'2&(175$/ 11$7,(55$%21,7$ 11$'(27526&$1721(6(10(5&$'2&(175$/

180(52'(11$   

FUENTE:DIRECCIONPDGAPGADอฒR

*5$),&21ยƒ 30 NNA MERCADO

20 10 0 NUMERODE NNA

FUENTE:DIRECCIONPDGAPGADอฒR



  Pรกgina146de395




 180(52 < 7,326 '( &$626 5(&(37$'26 '85$17(  325 /$ (; -&3'(1(52-81,2 7$%/$1Â&#x192;7,32'(&$626'(0$/75$72(1(52-81,2



TIPOSDECASOS AbandonodeHogar MaltratoFísicoVerbal ProblemasdeConducta NegligenciaCuidadodeNNA AbusoSexual Custodia Archivados FUENTE:DIRECCIONPDGAPGADͲR

N°DECASOS 5 19 4 7 1 2 30

*5$),&21Â&#x192;

TIPOSDECASOSRECEPTADOS 40 30 20 10 0

N°DECASOS

 

FUENTE:DIRECCIONPDGAPGADͲR

 180(52 < 7,326 '( &$626 5(&(37$'26 '85$17(  325/$-&3'*$3'(6'(-8/,2+$67$129,(0%5( 7$%/$1Â&#x192;7,32'(&$626'(0$/75$72-8/,2129,(0%5( TIPOSDECASOS AbandonodeHogar MaltratoFĂ­sicoVerbal ProblemasdeConducta Inasistenciaaclases Custodia Atentadocontralavida



SinInscripciónenRegistro Civil FUENTE:DIRECCIONPDGAPGADͲR

N°DECASOS 14 28 9 4 3 2 2

  PĂĄgina147de395




*5$),&21ƒ

TIPOSDECASOSRECEPTADOSPOR JCPDGAP 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

N°DECASOS

 

FUENTE:DIRECCIONPDGAPGADͲR

 7$%/$1ƒ180(52'(&$6265(68(/726 N°decasos





Seguimiento Resueltos Precedentes SinLugar FUENTE:DIRECCIONPDGAPGADͲR



30 17 14 2

*5$),&21ƒ 35 30 25 20 15 N°decasos

10 5 0

 FUENTE:DIRECCIONPDGAPGADͲR   Página148de395


 /D-XQWD&DQWRQDOGH3URWHFFLyQGH'HUHFKRVGHVGHHOPHVGH-XOLRKDVWDODDFWXDOLGDGKDQ UHFHSWDGR  GHQXQFLDV ODV FXDOHV  HVWiQ FRQ HO UHVSHFWLYR VHJXLPLHQWR SRU HO HTXLSR WpFQLFRSRUHOWUDEDMDGRUVRFLDO\SRUODSVLFyORJDFOtQLFDFX\RVLQIRUPHVVRQIXQGDPHQWDOHV SDUDODVPHGLGDVRUHVROXFLRQHVTXHWRPHQORV0LHPEURVGHOD-&3''XUDQWHHOWUDQVFXUVR GH HVWRV PHVHV VH KDQ UHVXHOWR  FDVRV  VRQ SUHFHGHQWHV HV GHFLU TXH VyOR KD GHQXQFLDGRSDUDTXHTXHGHFRQVWDQFLDVLQTXHWHQJDQTXHLQWHUYHQLUHOHTXLSRWpFQLFR\ VRQ VLQ OXJDU UHILULpQGRQRV D pVWRV FDVRV TXH KDQ GHQXQFLDGR SHUR QR SHUWHQHFHQ D pVWD MXULVGLFFLyQ 



08-(5(6(0%$5$=$'$6 7$%/$1ยƒ TASAGLOBALDEFECUNDIDAD Aร‘O NACIONAL PROVINCIAL CANTONAL 2001 2.8 3.1 3.0 2010 2.4 2.4 2.3



 *5$),&21ยƒ

TasaGlobaldeFecundidad(convencional) 3.1

3.0

2.8 2.4

2.4

2.3 2001 2010

NACIONAL

PROVINCIAL

CANTONAL



    

  Pรกgina149de395






',6&$3$&,7$'26

(QODDFWXDOLGDGGHQWURGHOFDQWyQHO&21$',6UHJLVWUDSHUVRQDVFRQGLVFDSDFLGDG HQGLIHUHQWHVWLSRVSUHGRPLQDQGRODItVLFDVHJXLGDGHODYLVXDO\ODLQWHOHFWXDO\HQPHQRU HVFDODOD$XGLWLYD\GHOHQJXDMHWDOFRPRVHGHWDOODHQHOFXDGUR $XGLWLYD

)tVLFD

,QWHOHFWXDO

/HQJXDMH

3VLFROyJLFR

9LVXDO

7RWDO 













 

 &DEHUHVDOWDUTXHGHQWURGHOFDQWyQH[LVWHOD$VRFLDFLyQGH'LVFDSDFLWDGRV5RFDIXHUWHORV FXDOHVFXHQWDQFRQXQFHQWURHQGRQGHIXQFLRQDXQDHVFXHODSDUDGLVFDSDFLWDGRVYLVXDOHV

 

$'8/7260$<25(6

(QHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVHEULQGDDWHQFLyQDDGXOWRVPD\RUHVTXHHVWiQUHJLVWUDGRVHQ XQSURJUDPDGHDWHQFLyQGRPLFLOLDULDPHGLDQWHXQFRQYHQLRGHO*$'5RFDIXHUWH\HO0,(6 HQODVFRPXQLGDGHVGH x 6DQ-DFLQWR x (O3XHEOLWR x (O)UXWLOOR x 6DQ(OR\ x 6RVRWH x 6DQ-RVpGHODV3HxDV x 5HVEDOyQ x 5HVEDOyQ        Pรกgina150de395


 0$75,=9$5,$%/(6327(1&,$/,'$'(6352%/(0$6

   Pรกgina151de395




   

  Pรกgina152de395




 ',$*1Ï67,&2(&21Ï0,&2 (O &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HVWi XELFDGR HQ XQ OXJDU SULYLOHJLDGR \D TXH HV HO FHQWUR GH FRQYHUJHQFLDGHORVEDOQHDULRV&UXFLWD6DQ-DFLQWR\6DQ&OHPHQWH/RFDOL]DGRD.PGH ODFDSLWDOGHSURYLQFLD\D.PGHODHURSXHUWR\3XHUWRPDUtWLPRLQWHUQDFLRQDOGHOFDQWyQ 0DQWD3RU HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH SDVD XQR GH ORV HMHV YLDOHV SULQFLSDOHV TXH XQH &RVWD \ 6LHUUD FDUUHWHUD3RUWRYLHMR±4XLWR  (OFOLPDGH5RFDIXHUWHHVUHODWLYDPHQWHIUHVFR\WLHQHXQDWHPSHUDWXUDPHGLDDQXDOGHƒ & SUHFLSLWDFLRQHV PHGLDV GH  PP (Q OD ]RQD RFFLGHQWDO HVWi LQIOXHQFLDGR SRU ORV YLHQWRVPDULQRVTXHHQWUDQSRUODHQVHQDGDGH&UXFLWD 3RU HIHFWR GH  LQXQGDFLRQHV GHVODYHV \ VHTXLDV OD SURGXFFLyQ DJUtFROD GH 5RFDIXHUWH KD YHQLGRVLHQGRDIHFWDGDSULQFLSDOPHQWHFXOWLYRVGHDUUR]PDt]\FLFORFRUWRTXHVRQORVTXH PDUFDQHOGHVDUUROORSURGXFWLYRDJUtFRODORFDO 'HELGR D ODV YDULDFLRQHV GHO PHGLR DJURHFROyJLFR \ D GLIHUHQFLDFLRQHV KLVWyULFDPHQWH FRQVWLWXLGDV OD DFWLYLGDG DJURSHFXDULD VH GHVDUUROOD HQ GRV ]RQDV GH SURGXFFLyQ ELHQ GHILQLGDVXQD]RQDDOWDDSWDSDUDODDJULFXOWXUDGHVHFDQR LQYLHUQR \XQD]RQDEDMDTXH FRQVWLWX\H HO 9DOOH GHO 5tR 3RUWRYLHMR DJXDV DEDMR GH OD FDSLWDO GH 0DQDEt \ HO 5tR &KLFR FRQVXHORVGHWRSRJUDItDSODQDVXVFHSWLEOHVDLQXQGDFLRQHV\FXOWLYDEOHGXUDQWHWRGRHODxR GHELGR D TXH GLVSRQH GH LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD GH ULHJR SURYHQLHQWH GHO VLVWHPD GH FDQDOHV GH 3R]D+RQGD (VWDViUHDVJHRJUiILFDVVRQDJUtFRODVSRUH[FHOHQFLDFRQODGLIHUHQFLDTXHXQDGLVSRQHGH DJXD SHUPDQHQWH ]RQD EDMD  \ OD ]RQD DOWD TXH HV SHULyGLFD HQWUH (QHUR \ 0D\R DSURYHFKDQGR ODV SUHFLSLWDFLRQHVGXUDQWH HO LQYLHUQR/D LQWHQVLILFDFLyQ GHO FXOWLYRGHO DUUR] HQOD]RQDEDMDKDSURYRFDGRFDPELRVVLJQLILFDWLYRVHQODHVWUXFWXUDGHORVVXHORV 8Q HVWXGLR UHDOL]DGR SRU HO ,QVWLWXWR 1DFLRQDO GH ,QYHVWLJDFLRQHV $JURSHFXDULDV ,1,$3 (VWDFLyQ ³3RUWRYLHMR´ VREUH ODV DJXDV GH ODV iUHDV GH LQIOXHQFLD GH ORV UtRV 3RUWRYLHMR \ &KLFROOHJDURQDODFRQFOXVLyQTXH³(OFRHILFLHQWHGHORVYDORUHVGH6FRWW FDOLGDGGH DJXD LQFOX\HQGRODGXUH]DHVWiDOPDUJHQGH³0HGLDQDPHQWH'XUD´\HODJXDSURYHQLHQWHV GH SR]RV VRQ ³SHOLJURVRV´ 5HFRPLHQGD QR XWLOL]DU DJXD GH SR]R SRU VX GXUH]D \ FRQWDPLQDFLyQ PLHQWUDV TXH SDUD HO XVR GHO DJXD   GH ORV PHQFLRQDGRV UtRV GHEH FDSDFLWDUVHDODJULFXOWRU\GLVSRQHUGHDQiOLVLVItVLFR\TXtPLFR

  Página153de395


 3RURWURODGRODSUHYDOHQFLDGHOPRQRFXOWLYRGHPDt]KDLQFLGLGRIXHUWHPHQWHHQGHWULPHQWR GHODFDSDVXSHULRUGHORVVXHORVTXHSRUVXVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVODPD\RUSDUWHGHEHFRQVLGHUDU ODHVWUXFWXUDGHOPLVPRFRPRWDPELpQORVJUDGRVGHSHQGLHQWHVSDUDHOPDQHMRVRVWHQLEOH GHHVWHUHFXUVRFRQPXFKDSRWHQFLDOLGDGSDUDHOFDQWyQ  



75$%$-2<(03/(2

32%/$&,ร1(&21ร0,&$0(17($&7,9$

6HJ~QGDWRVGHOFHQVR,1(&HQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHGHOWRWDOGHODSREODFLyQHQHGDG HFRQyPLFDPHQWHDFWLYDHOUHDOL]DDOJXQDDFWLYLGDGGHORVFXDOHVHOHVWiQ RFXSDGRVHVGHFLUHIHFWLYDPHQWHGHVHPSHxDQXQWUDEDMRUHPXQHUDGRPLHQWUDVTXHHO QRVHHQFXHQWUDQODERUDQGR\DVHDSRUTXHHVWiQHQE~VTXHGDGHHPSOHR SRUSULPHUD YH] RVHHQFXHQWUDQFHVDQWHV   &8$'523REODFLyQHFRQyPLFDPHQWHDFWLYD 3($ HLQDFWLYDSRUiUHDXUEDQD\UXUDO ยฑ5RFDIXHUWH  32%/$&,21(&2120,&$0(17($&7,9$ 52&$)8(57(

 &$7(*25,$

$5($85%$1$ 7RWDO

$5($



$5($585$/ 7RWDO



$&7,9$ D 









2&83$'26









'(62&83$'26









32%/$&,21,1$&7,9$

,1$&7,9$ E 









3(7 DE 









)XHQWH&HQVR,1(&  *5รˆ),&23REODFLyQHFRQyPLFDPHQWHDFWLYD 3($ SRUiUHD UrbanayRural Rocafuerte

  Pรกgina154de395




 (ODERUDGRSRU&/,56(1  (QpVWHFDQWyQVHJ~QVHSXHGHREVHUYDUHQHOFXDGURODSREODFLyQHFRQyPLFDPHQWH DFWLYDGHOiUHDXUEDQD  HVPD\RUTXHODSREODFLyQHFRQyPLFDPHQWHDFWLYDGHOiUHD UXUDO    DXQTXH FRQ SRFD GLIHUHQFLD VLQ HPEDUJR HO VHFWRU UXUDO FXHQWD FRQ XQD PD\RU SREODFLyQ RFXSDGD FRQ XQ   IUHQWH D XQ   GHO VHFWRU XUEDQR 3RU OR WDQWRVHHYLGHQFLDXQDPD\RUGHVRFXSDFLyQHQHOiUHDUXUDOFRQXQPLHQWUDVTXHHQ HOiUHDXUEDQDUHJLVWUDXQ 9HUJUiILFR (QWpUPLQRVJHQHUDOHVHQHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWHODPHQRUSDUWHGHODSREODFLyQHQHGDGGHWUDEDMDUHVHFRQyPLFDPHQWHLQDFWLYD HVGHFLUVHGHGLFDDORVTXHKDFHUHVGRPpVWLFRVVRQVRORHVWXGLDQWHVMXELODGRVUHQWLVWDV HWF

 &8$'523REODFLyQHFRQyPLFDPHQWHDFWLYDSRUVHFWRUHVHFRQyPLFRV 

6(&725(6(&2120,&26 $JULFXOWXUDJDQDGHUtDVLOYLFXOWXUD\SHVFD ([SORWDFLyQGHPLQDV\FDQWHUDV ,QGXVWULDVPDQXIDFWXUHUDV 6XPLQLVWURGHHOHFWULFLGDGJDVYDSRU\DLUH DFRQGLFLRQDGR 'LVWULEXFLyQGHDJXDDOFDQWDULOODGR\JHVWLyQGH GHVKHFKRV &RQVWUXFFLyQ &RPHUFLRDOSRUPD\RU\PHQRU 7UDQVSRUWH\DOPDFHQDPLHQWR $FWLYLGDGHVGHDORMDPLHQWR\VHUYLFLRGHFRPLGDV ,QIRUPDFLyQ\FRPXQLFDFLyQ $FWLYLGDGHVILQDQFLHUDV\GHVHJXURV

3($727$/            

 Pรกgina155de395


 $FWLYLGDGHVLQPRELOLDULDV



$FWLYLGDGHVSURIHVLRQDOHVFLHQWtILFDV\WpFQLFDV



$FWLYLGDGHVGHVHUYLFLRVDGPLQLVWUDWLYRV\GHDSR\R



$GPLQLVWUDFLyQS~EOLFD\GHIHQVD (QVHxDQ]D

 

$FWLYLGDGHVGHODDWHQFLyQGHODVDOXGKXPDQD



$UWHVHQWUHWHQLPLHQWR\UHFUHDFLyQ 2WUDVDFWLYLGDGHVGHVHUYLFLRV

 

$FWLYLGDGHVGHORVKRJDUHVFRPRHPSOHDGRUHV



$FWLYLGDGHVGHRUJDQL]DFLRQHV\yUJDQRV H[WUDWHUULWRULDOHV QRGHFODUDGR 7RWDO )XHQWH,1(&

  

 *UiILFR3REODFLzQHFRQyPLFDPHQWHDFWLYDSRUVHFWRUHV Agricultura,ganaderia, HFRQyPLFRV silviculturaypesca

2% 0% 0% 1%

Explotaciondeminasy canteras

14%

Industriasmanufactureras

2% 45%

6% 2% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 3%

Suministrodeelectricidad, gas,vaporyaire acondicionado Distribuciondeagua, alcantarilladoygestionde deshechos Construccion

11% 7% 0% 3% 0%

0%



 &RPRVHSXHGHREVHUYDUHQHOFXDGUR\JUiILFRVHJ~QGDWRVGHO,1(&HQ XQ  ORV KDELWDQWHV GHO FDQWyQ VH GHGLFDQ D OD $JULFXOWXUD *DQDGHUtD 6LOYLFXOWXUD \ SHVFDFRQYLUWLpQGRVH HVWH VHFWRU HQ OD SULPHU DFWLYLGDG TXH JHQHUD IXHQWHV GH WUDEDMR HQ VHJXQGR SODQR FRQ XQ  DFWLYLGDGHV QR GHFODUDGDV HQ HO FHQVR ,1(&  HQ WHUFHU OXJDUVHXELFDQODVDFWLYLGDGHVGHFRPHUFLRDOSRUPD\RU\PHQRUFRQXQDFWLYLGDGHV PDQXIDFWXUHUDVFRQXQ\HQFXDUWROXJDUDFWLYLGDGHVGHHQVHxDQ]DFRQXQ

   Pรกgina156de395




 5(/$&,ร1 (175( /26 6(&725(6 (&21ร0,&26 35,0$5,2 6(&81'$5,2 7(5&,$5,2 96 32%/$&,ร1 (&21ร0,&$0(17( $&7,9$ 9,1&8/$'$$&$'$812'((//26  /DV DFWLYLGDGHV HFRQyPLFDV UHSUHVHQWDWLYDV GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VHJ~Q GDWRV GHO FHQVR ,1(&  PD\RULWDULDPHQWH VRQ DTXHOODV TXH HVWiQ YLQFXODGDV DO VHFWRU SULPDULR \ UHSUHVHQWD HO   \ HVWi UHODFLRQDGR FRQ OD DJULFXOWXUD JDQDGHUtD VLOYLFXOWXUD (O VHJXQGRVHFWRUPiVRFXSDGRHVHOWHUFLDULRFRQXQUHVDOWDQGRDFWLYLGDGHVFRPR FRPHUFLR DO SRU PD\RU \ PHQRU HQVHxDQ]D WUDQVSRUWH \ DOPDFHQDPLHQWR HWF (O VHFWRU VHFXQGDULR HV HO TXH PHQRU SREODFLyQ RFXSDGD WLHQH    DEDUFD DFWLYLGDGHV UHODFLRQDGDVDODFRQVWUXFFLyQHLQGXVWULDVPDQXIDFWXUHV(O\UHSUHVHQWDD WUDEDMDGRUHVQXHYRV\QRGHFODUDGRV 9HUFXDGUR\JUiILFR   &8$'523REODFLyQRFXSDGDSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDG 325$ VHJ~QiUHD 6(&725

 35,0$5,2

   6(&81'$5,2

               7(5&,$5,2

5$0$'($&7,9,'$'

85%$12



585$/



$JULFXOWXUDJDQDGHUtDVLOYLFXOWXUD \SHVFD ([SORWDFLyQGHPLQDV\FDQWHUDV ,QGXVWULDVPDQXIDFWXUHUDV









6XPLQLVWURGHHOHFWULFLGDGJDV YDSRU\DLUHDFRQGLFLRQDGR 'LVWULEXFLyQGHDJXD DOFDQWDULOODGR\JHVWLyQGH GHVKHFKRV &RQVWUXFFLyQ





&RPHUFLRDOSRUPD\RU\PHQRU



7UDQVSRUWH\DOPDFHQDPLHQWR



$FWLYLGDGHVGHDORMDPLHQWR\ VHUYLFLRGHFRPLGDV ,QIRUPDFLyQ\FRPXQLFDFLyQ



$FWLYLGDGHVILQDQFLHUDV\GH VHJXURV $FWLYLGDGHVLQPRELOLDULDV



$FWLYLGDGHVSURIHVLRQDOHV FLHQWtILFDV\WpFQLFDV $FWLYLGDGHVGHVHUYLFLRV DGPLQLVWUDWLYRV\GHDSR\R $GPLQLVWUDFLyQS~EOLFD\GHIHQVD







(QVHxDQ]D





$FWLYLGDGHVGHODDWHQFLyQGHOD VDOXGKXPDQD





 









  



   

  



              



       

             



  Pรกgina157de395


 $UWHVHQWUHWHQLPLHQWR\ UHFUHDFLyQ 2WUDVDFWLYLGDGHVGHVHUYLFLRV









$FWLYLGDGHVGHORVKRJDUHVFRPR HPSOHDGRUHV $FWLYLGDGHVGHRUJDQL]DFLRQHV\ yUJDQRVH[WUDWHUULWRULDOHV 1RGHFODUDGR















7UDEDMDGRUQXHYR













727$/

    

)XHQWH&HQVR,1(& 

*5Ã&#x2C6;),&23REODFLyQRFXSDGDSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDG 325$ VHJ~QiUHD 8UEDQD\5XUDO±5RFDIXHUWH



(ODERUDGRSRU&/,56(1 

3DUDHOFDVRGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHOiUHDXUEDQDHVODTXHDSRUWDPD\RUPDQRGHREUDDO VHFWRU WHUFLDULR \ VHFXQGDULR PLHQWUDV TXH HO iUHD UXUDO VH GHGLFD SULQFLSDOPHQWH D ODV DFWLYLGDGHVUHODFLRQDGDVFRQHOVHFWRUSULPDULR  (OPDSDGH3REODFLyQ5XUDO2FXSDGDSRU5DPDGH$FWLYLGDG 325$ HVXQDUHSUHVHQWDFLyQ GH OD GLVWULEXFLyQ \ ODV FRQGLFLRQHV HQ ODV TXH VH HQFXHQWUD OD 325$ D QLYHO UXUDO HQ HO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH (O SURGXFWR REWHQLGR FRQVWD GH GRV SDUWHV   XQ PDSD SULQFLSDO TXH UHSUHVHQWD OD GLVWULEXFLyQ GH OD 325$ UXUDO JDPD GH QDUDQMDV  \   JUiILFRV GH EDUUDV

  Página158de395


 DX[LOLDUHVTXHPHGLDQWHGDWRVGHO&HQVRGH3REODFLyQ\9LYLHQGD,1(&'HHVWHPDSD VHSXHGHFRQFOXLUORVLJXLHQWH 

&RQ UHODFLyQ D ORV SURGXFWRV FDUWRJUiILFRV GH GLVWULEXFLyQ SREODFLRQDO 0DSD DX[LOLDU GH FRQFHQWUDFLyQ SREODFLRQDO UXUDO  \ GH SREODFLyQ RFXSDGD SRU UDPD GH DFWLYLGDG 0DSD GH SREODFLyQRFXSDGDSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDG SRGHPRVLQIHULUTXHQRHQWRGRVORVVHFWRUHVGHO FDQWyQ H[LVWH XQD UHODFLyQ GLUHFWD HQWUH pVWDV YDULDEOHV HQ HO SULPHU FDVR H[LVWH XQD UHGXFLGDVXSHUILFLHWHUULWRULDOIUHQWHDODFDQWLGDGGHSREODFLyQWRWDOUXUDOORTXHSURYRFDTXH OD GHQVLGDG SREODFLRQDO VHD ³PHGLD´ \ ³DOWD´ HVSHFLDOPHQWH HQ OD ]RQD FHQWUR  RHVWH GHO FDQWyQ PLHQWUDV TXH HQ HO VHJXQGR FDVR OD SREODFLyQ WRWDO RFXSDGD HQ GLIHUHQWHV DFWLYLGDGHVHFRQyPLFDV QRVHFRQVLGHUDODVXSHUILFLHGHOWHUULWRULR\HVWRGDFRPRUHVXOWDGR TXHHQDOJXQRVVHFWRUHVGH³DOWD´\³PHGLD´GHQVLGDGSREODFLRQDOH[LVWDXQD³EDMD´\³PHGLD´ FRQFHQWUDFLyQGHSREODFLyQRFXSDGDSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDGDVtWHQHPRVTXHODPD\RUSDUWH GHODSREODFLyQVHXELFDHQORVVHFWRUHVGH6RVRWH$GHQWUR/DV3HxDV7LHUUDV$PDULOODV 6DQ-RVpGHODV3HxDV XELFDGDVDOVXURHVWHGHOFDQWyQ ODVPLVPDVTXHWLHQHXQUDQJRGH  D  KDELWDQWHV TXH HMHUFHQ FLHUWDV DFWLYLGDGHV SURGXFWLYDV JHQHUDOPHQWH UHODFLRQDGRV FRQ HO FXOWLYR GH DUUR] SXHV OD FHUFDQtDV D IXHQWHV KtGULFDV DWUDH D OD SREODFLyQDGHGLFDUVHDpVWHWLSRGHFXOWLYR(QODSDUWHQRUWH\HVWHGHOFDQWyQH[LVWHPHQRU FRQFHQWUDFLyQGHSREODFLyQRFXSDGDSXHVHQHOSULPHUFDVR DOQRUWH XQDJUDQSDUWHGHOD VXSHUILFLHHVWiFXELHUWDSRUPDWRUUDORYHJHWDFLyQHOFXDOHVFRQVLGHUDGRFRPRXQVXHOR³QR DSWR SDUD OD DJULFXOWXUD´ PLHQWUDV TXH HQ HO VHJXQGR FDVR DO HVWH  XQD FRQVLGHUDEOH H[WHQVLyQ GH VXSHUILFLH HVWi XWLOL]DGD SDUD OD SURGXFFLyQ GH PDt] HO PLVPR TXH HV FRPHUFLDOL]DGR GH PDQHUD GLUHFWD D ORV SODQWHOHV DJUtFRODV ORFDOHV R D OD 8QLGDG GH $OPDFHQDPLHQWR 1DFLRQDO XELFDGD HQ 3RUWRYLHMR  2WUR SRUFHQWDMH GH SREODGRUHV VH HPSOHDQHQODSURGXFFLyQGHFXOWLYRVFRPRHOFRFRODPDUDFX\iHOPDQtHWF         Página159de395


 *5รˆ),&25DPDGHDFWLYLGDGVHJ~QHOQLYHOGHLQVWUXFFLyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 (ODERUDGRSRU&/,56(1 'HDFXHUGRDOJUiILFRHOQLYHOGHLQVWUXFFLyQFRQPD\RUQ~PHURGHSHUVRQDVHQHOFDQWyQ HV HO SULPDULR    \ VH UHILHUH D ODV DFWLYLGDGHV UHODFLRQDGDV DO VHFWRU SULPDULR SULQFLSDOPHQWHDODDJULFXOWXUD\JDQDGHUtDHQHOSULPHUFDVRpVWHSXHGHVHUGHVWLQDGR\DVHD SDUDHODXWRFRQVXPR R SDUDODFRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ \XFDIUpMROSOiWDQR PDQtKRUWDOL]DVDUUR] PDUDFX\i FRFR HWF  PLHQWUDV TXH HQ HO VHJXQGR JHQHUDOPHQWH HV FRPSOHPHQWDULD FRQ OD DFWLYLGDG DJUtFROD (O QLYHO GH LQVWUXFFLyQ VHFXQGDULR    HVWi YLQFXODGR D ORV VHFWRUHV VHFXQGDULR \ WHUFLDULR FRPR HV HO FRPHUFLR DO SRU PD\RU \ PHQRU GH SURGXFWRV DJUtFRODV DUWtFXORV DUWHVDQDOHV HWF ORV PLVPR VRQ YHQGLGRV HQ OD IHULDV TXH VH UHDOL]DQ ORV ILQHV GH VHPDQDPLHQWUDVTXHODSREODFLyQFRQHOQLYHOGHLQVWUXFFLyQPiVDOWRTXHKDFHUHIHUHQFLDDO QLYHO GH HGXFDFLyQVXSHULRU    VH HPSOHDQ HQ HO VHFWRU WHUFLDULR UHDOL]DQGR DFWLYLGDGHV FRPRODHQVHxDQ]D\DGPLQLVWUDFLyQS~EOLFD\GHIHQVD

  

  Pรกgina160de395


 *5รˆ),&25DPDGHDFWLYLGDGVHJ~QVH[Rยฑ5RFDIXHUWH

 (ODERUDGRSRU&/,56(1 6HJ~Q HO JUiILFR  SRGHPRV YHU  TXH OD SDUWLFLSDFLyQ GHO VH[R PDVFXOLQR GHQWUR GH ODV DFWLYLGDGHVHFRQyPLFDVHVSUHGRPLQDQWHFRQXQ\HVWiQRFXSDGRVSULQFLSDOPHQWHHQ ODV ODERUHV DJUtFRODV FRPR HV OD IXPLJDFLyQ GH FXOWLYRV FXLGDGR GH JDQDGR YDFXQR ODERUHV DJUtFRODV H[WUDFFLyQ GH PDGHUD HWF PLHQWUDV TXH OD SDUWLFLSDFLyQ IHPHQLQD GHQWUR GH ODV DFWLYLGDGHV DJUtFRODV HVLQFLSLHQWH UHSUHVHQWDQGRXQ WRWDOGHODV PLVPDV TXH HVWiQ LQYROXFUDGDV HQ OD SURGXFFLyQ DJUtFROD SDUD HO DXWRFRQVXPR HODERUDFLyQ GH GXOFHV DUWHVDQDOHVSURGXFWRVGHEDUURHWF 

  35,1&,3$/(6 $&7,9,'$'(6 (&21ร0,&$6 352'8&7,9$6 '(/ 7(55,725,2 3DUDODGHVFULSFLyQ\DQiOLVLVGHHVWHSXQWRVHKDFRQVLGHUDGRFRPRDFWLYLGDGHVSURGXFWLYDVR HFRQyPLFDV D DTXHOORV SURFHVRV TXH UHDOL]D HO VHU KXPDQR FRQ HO ILQ GH JHQHUDU LQJUHVRV HFRQyPLFRV ULTXH]D  D WUDYpV GH OD H[WUDFFLyQ VHFWRU SULPDULR  WUDQVIRUPDFLyQ VHFWRU VHFXQGDULR  GLVWULEXFLyQ \ FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ GH UHFXUVRV QDWXUDOHV ELHQHV R VHUYLFLRV VHFWRU WHUFLDULR TXHVDWLVIDFHQODVQHFHVLGDGHVGHOFRQVXPLGRU

  Pรกgina161de395


 (QHVHFRQWH[WRODUHYLVLyQGHLQIRUPDFLyQVHFXQGDULDGHYDULDVIXHQWHVELEOLRJUiILFDV\HO WUDEDMR GRFXPHQWDGR HQ FDPSR SHUPLWHQ D FRQWLQXDFLyQ GHVFULELU EUHYHPHQWH ODV DFWLYLGDGHV SURGXFWLYDV UHOHYDQWHV TXH FDUDFWHUL]DQ OD GLQiPLFD HFRQRPtD GH OD SREODFLyQ HVWDEOHFLGDHQHVWHFDQWyQ

$&7,9,'$'(6$*523(&8$5,$6  /DV DFWLYLGDGHV DJURSHFXDULDV FRQVWLWX\HQ OD EDVH GH OD HFRQRPtD GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HVWH VHFWRU HFRQyPLFR GH DFXHUGR D ORV GDWRV GHO &HQVR GH 3REODFLyQ \ 9LYLHQGD ,1(& HPSOHDDOGHODSREODFLyQHFRQyPLFDPHQWHDFWLYD $Vt WDPELpQ OD VXSHUILFLH FDQWRQDO GHVWLQDGD D ODV DFWLYLGDGHV DJURSHFXDULDV UHSUHVHQWDQ DSUR[LPDGDPHQWHHOGHODVXSHUILFLHWRWDOGHOFDQWyQDVtWHQHPRVTXHDOUHGHGRUGH KDFRUUHVSRQGHQDFREHUWXUDVFRQXVRDJURSHFXDULRGHHVWDVHOPDt]DUUR] SDVWRFXOWLYDGRFDFDRHQDVRFLDFLyQRFXSDQPiVGHOGHODVXSHUILFLH(OFXDGUR PXHVWUD ORV FLQFR FXOWLYRV SUHGRPLQDQWHV HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HVWRV FXEUHQ DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH HO   GH VXSHUILFLH DJURSHFXDULD HO UHVWDQWH   OR LQWHJUDQ RWURVFXOWLYRVFRPRSOiWDQRKDEDFHEROODSHUODSLPLHQWRHQWUHRWURV &8$'52&REHUWXUDGHXVRDJURSHFXDULR5RFDIXHUWH &REHUWXUD 0Dt] $UUR] 3DVWR&XOWLYDGR &DFDRFRFR &RFRWHUR 7RWDO

+HFWiUHDV      

      

)XHQWH&/,56(1 D 

$*5ร‹&2/$6

'H DFXHUGR D OD GLQiPLFD ORFDO REVHUYDGD HQ HVWH FDQWyQ HV SRVLEOH LGHQWLILFDU TXH WRGRV ORV SURGXFWRV DJUtFRODV WLHQHQ XQ REMHWLYR FRPHUFLDO VLQ HPEDUJR HO SURGXFWRU VHSDUD XQD SRUFLyQGHORUHFROHFWDGRSDUDHOFRQVXPRIDPLOLDU'HQWURGHODDJULFXOWXUDSULRULWDULDSDUDHO DXWRFRQVXPR FDQWRQDO SRGHPRV HQFRQWUDU FXOWLYR FRPR \XFD Manihot sculenta  IUpMRO Phaseolus vulgaris  SOiWDQR Musa spp  PDQt Arachis hypogaea  KRUWDOL]DV \ YHUGXUDV   Pรกgina162de395


 HQ JHQHUDO /RV SURGXFWRV FRQ PD\RU SUR\HFFLyQ FRPHUFLDO VRQ HO PDt] Zea mays  DUUR] Oryza sativa  ODV IUXWDV WDPELpQ VH LQFRUSRUDQ D OD DFWLYLGDG FRPHUFLDO HQ FLHUWDV pSRFDV GHODxRHQHVWHJUXSRWHQHPRVPDUDFX\iFRFRHQWUHRWUDV

D0$ร‹= (QHO(FXDGRUVHSURGXFHDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHPLOWPGHPDt]DQXDOPHQWH\ODGHPDQGD UHJLVWUDGDVHXELFDHQODVPLOWPPHQVXDOHVSRUWDQWRQRVHORJUDVDWLVIDFHUHOFRQVXPR LQWHUQRDGLFLRQDOPHQWHH[LVWHQGDWRVTXHHYLGHQFLDQTXHODGHPDQGDGHHVWDJUDPtQHDYD HQDXPHQWR\DVHDFRPRDOLPHQWRKXPDQRRFRPRLQVXPRSDUDRWURVVHFWRUHVSURGXFWLYRV FRPRODLQGXVWULDGHDOLPHQWRVEDODQFHDGRVKDFLHQGRQHFHVDULRHOLQFUHPHQWRGHOiUHDGH FXOWLYRRPHMRUDUORVUHQGLPLHQWRVSURPHGLRSDUDHYLWDUODLPSRUWDFLyQ (QODSURYLQFLDGH0DQDEtHOGHOPDt]VHVLHPEUDHQODGHUDVHQHVWDUHJLyQODVOOXYLDV VRQLUUHJXODUHV\HVFDVDVSHVHDODVOLPLWDQWHVODSURGXFFLyQSURYLQFLDODSRUWDFRQHOD OD SURGXFFLyQ QDFLRQDO $ QLYHO FDQWRQDO HQFRQWUDPRV TXH HO   GH OD VXSHUILFLH HVWi RFXSDGDSRUPDt]ODHVWUXFWXUDSURGXFWLYDODFRQIRUPDQSHTXHxRVSURGXFWRUHV KD  HQ VX PD\RUtD \ DOJXQRV PHGLDQRV  KD  SURGXFWRUHV TXLHQHV XWLOL]DQ YDULRV WLSRV GH VHPLOOD VREUH WRGR OD VHOHFFLRQDGD DVt OR UHIOHMD HO ,,, &HQVR 1DFLRQDO $JURSHFXDULR    FRQ HVWDV VHPLOODV ORV UHQGLPLHQWRV VRQ OLPLWDGRV VHJ~Q ORV DJULFXOWRUHV GHO FDQWyQ ORV UHQGLPLHQWRV HVWDUtD HQ  TTKD SRU HVWD UD]yQ PXFKRV DJULFXOWRUHV KDFHQ HVIXHU]RV HFRQyPLFRV SRU DGTXLULU VHPLOODV PHMRUDGDV D WUDYpV GH FUpGLWRV IRUPDOHV %1) R LQIRUPDOHV  GH HVWD PDQHUD VH REWLHQH LQFUHPHQWRV  TTKD  DVt OR DILUPDQ ORV SURGXFWRUHVGHOFDQWyQ 6HGLFHWDPELpQTXHHQHVWHFDQWyQHVSRVLEOHUHDOL]DUXQDFRVHFKDGHPDt]SRUDxR\DTXH VHORFXOWLYDHQ]RQDVPRQWDxRVDVDSURYHFKDQGRODWHPSRUDGDLQYHUQDO $ WUDYpV GH ORV UHFRUULGRV HQ FDPSR VH KD SRGLGR LGHQWLILFDU TXH HQ 5RFDIXHUWH OD FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ GH OD JUDPtQHD VH UHDOL]D HQ IRUPD GLUHFWD HQWUH HO SURGXFWRU \ ORV SURSLHWDULRVGHORVSODQWHOHVDYtFRODVORFDOHVRGHFDQWRQHVFHUFDQRV -XQtQ HQHOPLVPR iPELWROD8QLGDG1DFLRQDOGH$OPDFHQDPLHQWR 81$ XELFDGDHQ3RUWRYLHMRHVWiSUHVWDD DGTXLULUODSURGXFFLyQGHSHTXHxRV\PHGLDQRVSURGXFWRUHVTXHVHDFHUFDQDODHQWLGDGD RIHUWDU VX URGXFFLyQ DTXt OD FRPSUD VH UHDOL]D UHVSHWDQGR HO SUHFLR RILFLDO GH  GyODUHVTT VL FXPSOH FRQ FLHUWDV FRQGLFLRQHV GH FDOLGDG   GH KXPHGDG \   GH LPSXUH]D  TXH OD 81$ H[LJH HO FHQWUR GH DFRSLR GH 3521$&$ WDPELpQ XELFDGR HQ

  Pรกgina163de395


 3RUWRYLHMRFRPSUDODSURGXFFLyQGHPDt]~QLFDPHQWHDORVDJULFXOWRUHVTXHKDQHVWDEOHFLGR DFXHUGRVFRPHUFLDOHV DJULFXOWXUDSRUFRQWUDWR FRQODHPSUHVD

D$552= (QODV]RQDVEDMDV (O&HUULWR(O)UXWLOOR(O3XHEOLWR+LJXHUyQ7LHUUDV$PDULOODVHQWUHRWURV  GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HO DUUR] HV HO FXOWLYR SUHGRPLQDQWH VH HVWLPD TXH HO   GH OD VXSHUILFLHFDQWRQDOHVWiFXELHUWDSRUHVWDJUDPtQHDHVWRGHDOJXQDPDQHUDVHMXVWLILFDSXHVHO FDQWyQHVWiIDYRUHFLGRRLQIOXHQFLDGRSRUODUHGKtGULFDTXHODFRQVWLWX\HQORVUtRV3RUWRYLHMR\ &KLFRGDQGROXJDUDO6LVWHPDVGH5LHJR\'UHQDMH³5RFDIXHUWH´TXHDFWXDOPHQWHORLQWHJUDQ -XQWDVVHFWRULDOHVTXHVHEHQHILFLDQGHOUHFXUVRKtGULFRHVWRSHUPLWHUHDOL]DUPiVGHGRV FRVHFKDDODxR(QHVWHFDQWyQHVSRVLEOHLGHQWLILFDUDSHTXHxRV KD PHGLDQRV KD  \ JUDQGHV SURGXFWRUHV PiV GH  KD  FRPR HV GH HVSHUDU ORV GRV SULPHURV JUXSRV XWLOL]DQ VHPLOOD VHOHFFLRQDGD HQ XQ  PLHQWUDV TXH ORV JUDQGHV    GLVSRQHQ GH UHFXUVRV HFRQyPLFRVTXHOHVSHUPLWHDGTXLULUVHPLOODFHUWLILFDGD /RVUHQGLPLHQWRVUHJLVWUDGRVHVWiQHQWUHTTKDSDUDORVSURGXFWRUHVSHTXHxRVPHGLDQR \JUDQGHV KDVWD TTKD 6H HVWLPDTXHHO GHODUUR] TXHVHSURGXFHHQHOFDQWyQ HV FRPHUFLDOL]DGR HOUHVWDQWHVHUHVHUYDSDUDFRQVXPRIDPLOLDU DWUDYpVGHSLODGRUDVSULYDGDV LQWHUPHGLDULRVORFDOHVRFRPHUFLDQWHVTXHOOHJDQGHRWURVFDQWRQHV 3RUWRYLHMR0DQWD&KRQH

OD81$WDPELpQHVRWUDRSFLyQSDUDHOSURGXFWRU(OSUHFLRRIILFLDOGHYHQWDSRUTXLQWDOHV 86'  IXHQWH 6,1$*$3  6LQ HPEDUJR HO SURGXFWRU PXFKDV YHFHV SUHILHUH YHQGHU VX SURGXFWRDOLQWHUPHGLDULRSRUTXHHOSDJRHVLQPHGLDWRDGLIHUHQFLDGHO(VWDGRTXHVHDWUDVDHQ ORV SDJRV \ HVWR LPSLGH TXH HO SURGXFWRU SXHGD FDQFHODU ODV GHXGDV TXH DGTXLULy SDUD LPSOHPHQWDUHOFXOWLYR

E 

3(&8$5,$6

(Q 5RFDIXHUWH ODV DFWLYLGDGHV SHFXDULDV VH SXHGHQ FRQVLGHUDU FRPR XQD DFWLYLGDG FRPSOHPHQWDULDDODDJULFXOWXUDGHDFXHUGRDO'LDJQyVWLFR&DQWRQDOHQHVWHFDQWyQVHUHJLVWUD OD H[LVWHQFLD GH JDQDGR ERYLQR   SRUFLQR   \ XQD UHSUHVHQWDWLYD SURGXFFLyQ GH DYHV   /D FULDQ]D GH ERYLQRV HVWi DVRFLDGD D OD FREHUWXUD GH SDVWRV FXOWLYDGRV HQ 5RFDIXHUWHHVWDFREHUWXUDRFXSDHOGHODVXSHUILFLHFDQWRQDOORVHMHPSODUHVHQHVWD ]RQDVRQFULROORVHQVXPD\RUtD\HVWiQGHVWLQDGRVSDUDODSURGXFFLyQGHFDUQH\OHFKH/RV ERYLQRV GHVWLQDGRV SDUD FDUQH FXDQGR DOFDQ]DQ XQ SHVR DSURSLDGR VRQ FRPHUFLDOL]DGRV D WUDYpVGHORVFRPHUFLDQWHVORFDOHVTXHIDHQDQODVUHFHVHQHOFDPDO UHFHVVHPDQDO GHOD FDEHFHUDFDQWRQDO(QUHODFLyQDODSURGXFFLyQGHOHFKHSRGHPRVPHQFLRQDUTXHHQHOFDQWyQ   Página164de395


 VHSURGXFHXQWRWDOGHOLWURVGHOHFKHGLDULRVHVGHFLUXQSURPHGLRGHOGtDSRUXQLGDG ERYLQD HO GHVWLQR GH HVWD SURGXFFLyQ VH GLYLGH XQ SRUFHQWDMH SDUD OD YHQWD \ RWUR SDUD HO FRQVXPRIDPLOLDU\ODHODERUDFLyQDUWHVDQDOGHTXHVRV /D DYLFXOWXUD WDPELpQ FRQVWLWX\H XQD DFWLYLGDG SHFXDULD LPSRUWDQWH SXHV GH DFXHUGR D OD LQIRUPDFLyQSXEOLFDGDHQHO'LDJQyVWLFR&DQWRQDOH[LVWLUtDQHQHOFDQWyQXQWRWDODSUR[LPDGDGH  DYHV GHVWLQDGDV SDUD YHQWD HQ SLH \ SURGXFFLyQ GH KXHYRV 'HQWUR GH OD DFWLYLGDG SHFXDULDGRPpVWLFDQRVHSXHGHGHMDUGHPHQFLRQDUODFULDQ]D\HQJRUGHGHSRUFLQRVTXHVH SURGXFHQHQVXJUDQPD\RUtDHQ83$6PHQRUHVDGRVKHFWiUHDVODFULDQ]DGHRWUDVHVSHFLHV D PHQRU HVFDOD HVWi UHSUHVHQWDGD SRU OD FUtD \ HQJRUGH GH SROORV FULROORV  SDWRV TXH FRQVWLWX\HQ XQD IXHQWH GH DOLPHQWR IDPLOLDU \ VX YHQWD SURSRUFLRQD LQJUHVRV HFRQyPLFRV DGLFLRQDOHV(VWDHVXQDDFWLYLGDGTXHODUHDOL]DQHQVXPD\RUtDPXMHUHVDPDVGHFDVDHQODV iUHDV UXUDOHV GHO FDQWyQ /D FULDQ]D GH HVSHFLHV PHQRUHV FRPR DFWLYLGDG HFRQyPLFD FRQVWLWX\HXQDDFWLYLGDGGLQDPL]DGRUDGHODHFRQRPtDIDPLOLDU

F 

)587$6

'HQWURGHODVIUXWDVGHLPSRUWDQFLDFRPHUFLDOHVWiQPHOyQFRFRWHURPDUDFX\iOLPyQHQWUH RWUDV'HDFXHUGRDODWHPSRUDGDHVWDVVHFRPHUFLDOL]DQHQHOPLVPRFDQWyQRHQFDQWRQHV FHUFDQRVDWUDYpVGHFRPHUFLDQWH

 275$6$&7,9,'$'(6 D  &20(5&,2<6(59,&,26 (VLPSUHVFLQGLEOHGHVWDFDUTXHODDFWLYLGDGFRPHUFLDOVHFRQFHQWUDHQODFDEHFHUDFDQWRQDO GHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH\HQDOJXQRVFHQWURVSREODGRVGHDFXHUGRDHVWDGtVWLFDVGHOFHQVR GHSREODFLyQ\YLYLHQGD,1(&VHFRQRFHTXHHOGHODSREODFLyQVHYLQFXODDO VHFWRU FRPHUFLDO \ GH VHUYLFLRV HQ JHQHUDO (O FXDGUR  QRV PXHVWUD TXH HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH H[LVWH XQ WRWDO GH  HVWDEOHFLPLHQWRV FRPHUFLDOHV TXH VDWLVIDFHQ ODV QHFHVLGDGHVGHODViUHDVYLQFXODGDVDPDQXIDFWXUDVFRPHUFLRVHUYLFLRVDJULFXOWXUDHWF (QHOPLVPRFRQWH[WRHOVHFWRUFRPHUFLR  \VHUYLFLRV  VREUHVDOHQFRQXQ PD\RU Q~PHUR GH HVWDEOHFLPLHQWRV (V SUHFLVR HYLGHQFLDU TXH OD DFWLYLGDG FRPHUFLDO GHO FDQWyQ WDPELpQ LQYROXFUD OD FRPSUDYHQWD GH SURGXFWRV DJURSHFXDULRV FRPR DUUR] PDt] IUXWDVERYLQRVDYHVHQFHQWURVGHDFRSLRSLODGRUDVPHUFDGRVIHULDVTXHVHUHDOL]DQHQOD FDEHFHUDFDQWRQDORHQRWUDVORFDOLGDGHVGHSHQGLHQGRGHODGLQiPLFDFRPHUFLDO

  Pรกgina165de395






&8$'52$FWLYLGDGHVFRPHUFLDOHVSRUVHFWRUHVSURGXFWLYRVยฑ5RFDIXHUWH  0DQX IDFWXUD

&RPHU HLR

  

  

)DEULFDFLyQGHSURGXFWRVWH[WLOHV











)DEULFDFLyQGHSUHQGDVGHYHVWLU













 $FWLYLGDG $JULFXOWXUDJDQDGHUtDFD]D\DFWLYLGDGHV &RQH[DV  (ODERUDFLyQGHSURGXFWRVDOLPHQWLFLRV (ODERUDFLyQGHEHELGDV 

 6HUYL  FLRV 2WURV 7RWDO           

3URGXFFLyQGHPDGHUD\IDEULFDFLyQGH PDGHUD\FRUFKRH[FHSWRPXHEOHV

 

 

$UWtFXORVGHSDMD\GHPDWHULDOHVWUHQ]D ELHV











)DEULFDFLyQGHPHWDOHVFRPXQHV











)DEULFDFLyQGHSURGXFWRVHODERUDGRVGH 0DTXLQDULD\HTXLSR 











































)DEULFDFLyQGHPXHEOHV



2WUDVLQGXVWULDVPDQXIDFWXUHUDV 6XPLQLVWURGHHOHFWULFLGDGJDVYDSRU\ $FRQGLFLRQDGR  &DSWDFLyQ7UDWDPLHQWR\GLVWULEXFLyQGH DJXD &RPHUFLRDOSRUPD\RU\DOSRUPHQRU 9HKtFXORVDXWRPRWRUHV\PRWRFLFOHWDV &RPHUFLRDOSRUPD\RUH[FHSWRHOGH $XWRPRWRUHV\PRWRFLFOHWDV  &RPHUFLRDOSRUPHQRUH[FHSWRHOGH $XWRPRWRUHV\PRWRFLFOHWDV  7UDQVSRUWHSRUYtDWHUUHVWUH\SRU WXEHUtDV $OPDFHQDPLHQWR\DFWLYLGDGHVGHDSR\R DOWUDQVSRUWH



 

 

 









  

 



 

 

 

























































$FWLYLGDGHVGHSXEOLFDFLyQ













7HOHFRPXQLFDFLRQHV













$FWLYLGDGHVLQPRELOLDULDV

































$FWLYLGDGHVGHDORMDPLHQWR 6HUYLFLRGHDOLPHQWR\EHELGD

$FWLYLGDGHVMXUtGLFDV\GHFRQWDELOLGDG 2WUDVDFWLYLGDGHVSURIHVLRQDOHV  FLHQWtILFDV\WpFQLFDV $FWLYLGDGHVDGPLQLVWUDWLYDV\GHDSR\RGH $FWLYLGDGHVGHDSR\RDODVHPSUHVDV $GPLQLVWUDFLyQS~EOLFD\GHIHQVDSODQHV







 









  Pรกgina166de395


 6RFLDOGHDILOLDFLyQREOLJDWRULD

























$FWLYLGDGHVGHDWHQFLyQGHODVDOXG KXPDQD











$FWLYLGDGHVGHDWHQFLyQHQLQVWLWXFLRQHV





















(QVHxDQ]D

$FWLYLGDGHVGHDVLVWHQFLDVRFLDOVLQ DORMDPLHQWR $FWLYLGDGHVGHELEOLRWHFDVDUFKLYRV $FWLYLGDGHVFXOWXUDOHV



$FWLYLGDGHVGHWXHFRVGHD]DU\DSXHVWDV $FWLYLGDGHV GHHVSDUFLPLHQWR\ GHSRUWLYDV UHFUHDWLYDV







































$FWLYLGDGHVGHDVRFLDFLRQHV









5HSDUDFLyQGHFRPSXWDGRUHV\GH HQVHUHVGRPpVWLFRV





























2WUDVDFWLYLGDGHVGHVHUYLFLRVSHUVRQDOHV 7RWDO 









)XHQWH,1(&&HQVR(FRQyPLFR 

*5Ã&#x2C6;),&2$FWLYLGDGHVFRPHUFLDOHVSRUVHFWRUHVSURGXFWLYRV±5RFDIXHUWH

 



(ODERUDGRSRU&/,56(1

&RPR SDUWH GH OD GLQiPLFD ORFDO VH SXHGH GHVWDFDU TXH DXQTXH HQ OD FDEHFHUD FDQWRQDO VH HQFXHQWUDQORVSULQFLSDOHVHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVFRPHUFLDOHVODUHDOLGDG QRV GHPXHVWUD TXHpVWRV QRSRGUtDQFRQVHUYDUVHDFWLYRV UHQWDEOHV VLQRH[LVWLHUDODDFWLYLGDGDJUtFRODGLQDPL]DGDSRU   Página167de395


 ORV SHTXHxRV \ PHGLDQRV DJULFXOWRUHV HOORV HQ ORV GtDV GH IHULD ILQ GH VHPDQD  YLVLWDQ ORV PHUFDGRV GRQGH YHQGHQ VXV SURGXFWRV \ VH DEDVWHFHQ GH OR TXH QHFHVLWDQ DUWtFXORV GH SULPHUDQHFHVLGDGKHUUDPLHQWDVLQVXPRVDJUtFRODVURSDHOHFWURGRPpVWLFRVHQWUHRWURV HQ HVWHFDVRHOFUHFLPLHQWRGHORVQ~FOHRVSREODFLRQDOHVFRPRODFDEHFHUDFDQWRQDOGHSHQGHHQ JUDQPHGLGDGHOp[LWRRIUDFDVRGHODDFWLYLGDGDJURSHFXDULD

E  785,602 /DDFWLYLGDGWXUtVWLFDHQHVWHFDQWyQQRKDORJUDGRVXSOHQRGHVDUUROORHVGHFLUDFWXDOPHQWHQR HVXQDGHODVSULQFLSDOHVDFWLYLGDGHVSURGXFWLYDVHVWRQRVLJQLILFDTXHQRSRVHDDWUDFWLYRVSRU HOFRQWUDULRH[LVWHQGLYHUVRVDWUDFWLYRVTXHDOPRPHQWR\DFDSWDQODDWHQFLyQGHORVYLVLWDQWHV ORFDOHV\UHJLRQDOHV(QWUHORVDWUDFWLYRVWXUtVWLFRVUHODFLRQDGRVFRQHOHFRWXULVPR\WXULVPRGH QDWXUDOH]DHVSRVLEOHLGHQWLILFDUOXJDUHVFRPRORV5tRV3RUWRYLHMR\&KLFREDOQHDULRVGHDJXD GXOFHHQ3XHUWR/RRU/D-DJXD(O&HLEDO(O+RUFyQHQWUHRWURV2WUDVDFWLYLGDGHVFRPRODV ILHVWDV GH UHOLJLRVDV GH 1XHVWUD 6HxRUD GHO &DUPHQ ILHVWDV GH 6DQ 3HGUR \ 6DQ 3DEOR ODV DUWHV FXOLQDULDV UHSUHVHQWDGD SRU ORV WUDGLFLRQDOHV GXOFHV DUWHVDQDOHV \ FRPLGD WtSLFD FULROOD DGHPiV GH FLHUWRV OXJDUHV UHSUHVHQWDWLYRV FRPR OD LJOHVLD ³1XHVWUD 6HxRUD GHO &DUPHQ´ PDXVROHR GH (OtDV &HGHxR -HUYHV FDVDV DQWLJXDV DVt FRPR ODV WUDGLFLRQHV ORFDOHV IRUPDQ SDUWHGHOWXULVPRFXOWXUDO\UHOLJLRVRTXHVHGHVDUUROODHQHO FDQWyQGHHVWDVDFWLYLGDGHVVRQ SDUWtFLSHVHQVX PD\RUtDOD SREODFLyQGHWRGR HOFDQWyQ \ DOJXQRV YLVLWDQWHVGHORVFDQWRQHV DOHGDxRVSHUVRQDVRULXQGDVGHOFDQWyQTXHUHVLGHQHQRWUDVSURYLQFLDVGHOSDtVWDPELpQOOHJDQ D 5RFDIXHUWH \ GLQDPL]DQ ODV DFWLYLGDGHV UHODFLRQDGDV FRQ WUDQVSRUWH DOLPHQWDFLyQ HQWUH RWUDV /DVDFWLYLGDGHVWXUtVWLFDVGHOFDQWyQDOFDQ]DQVXPD\RUDSRJHRHQIHULDGRV\ILQHVGHVHPDQD ORVYLVLWDQWHVOOHJDQGHVGHGLYHUVRVSREODGRVGHOPLVPRFDQWyQRFDQWRQHVFHUFDQRV

F  $57(6$1Ã&#x2039;$6 /D HODERUDFLyQ GH DUWHVDQtDV HQ HVWH FDQWyQ HV PX\ LPSRUWDQWH SXHV D PiV GH VHU XQD IXHQWH GH WUDEDMR H LQJUHVRV SDUD OD SREODFLyQ VRQ SDUWH GH ORV FRQRFLPLHQWRV DQFHVWUDOHV TXH VH WUDQVPLWHQ GH JHQHUDFLyQ HQ JHQHUDFLyQ (Q HVWH FDQWyQ SRGHPRV GLVWLQJXLU WUHV WLSRVGHDUWHVDQtDVUHODFLRQDGDVFRQPDWHULDOHVFRPRWDJXDPDGHUDEDUUR/DV$UWHVDQtDV HQWDJXDVHWUDEDMDQSDUWLFXODUPHQWHHQODFRPXQLGDG³6RVRWH´ODVILJXUDVHQPLQLDWXUDVRQ WUDEDMDGDVFRQHVPHURGHWDOPDQHUDTXHVHJHQHUDQILJXUDVGHEXHQDFDOLGDG\RULJLQDOLGDG ORTXHKDSURYRFDGRTXHQRVRORVHFRPHUFLDOLFHQKDFLDODVSURYLQFLDVGHODVHUUDQtDVLQR WDPELpQTXHORJUHQVHUH[SRUWDGDVDSDtVHVFRPR,WDOLD)UDQFLD&DQDGi\((88

  Página168de395


 6H HVWLPD TXH UHODFLRQDGRV FRQ pVWD DFWLYLGDG D QLYHO FDQWRQDO H[LVWHQ  WDOOHUHV TXH SURSRUFLRQDQ WUDEDMR D XQ WRWDO GH  SHUVRQDV TXH ODERUDQ HQ IRUPD SHUPDQHQWH DVt WDPELpQ VH FRQRFLy TXH ORV DUWHVDQRV D ILQ GH IRUWDOHFHU VX JUHPLR HVWiQ FRQIRUPDQGR OD ³$VRFLDFLyQGH7URSLWDJXDGH6RVRWH´

F$57(6$1Ã&#x2039;$6'(0$'(5$ 'HDFXHUGRDO'LDJQyVWLFRFDQWRQDOHQ5RFDIXHUWHH[LVWLUtDQXQWRWDOGHWDOOHUHVGHGLFDGRVD OD HODERUDFLyQ GH VLOODV GH WLMHUD UHFOLQDEOHV \ SHUH]RVDV VH GLFH TXH OD GHPDQGD GH HVWRV DUWtFXORV KD GHFUHFLGR HQ ORV ~OWLPRV GRV DxRV HVWR KD SURYRFDGR TXH DOJXQRV DUWHVDQRV HODERUHQDUWHVDQtDV~QLFDPHQWHEDMRSHGLGRRWURVVHPDQWLHQHQHQODGLQiPLFDGHHODERUDFLyQ \YHQWDGHORVSURGXFWRV

F$57(6$1Ã&#x2039;$6(1%$552 6RVRWHHQ0DQDEtQRVRORHVFRQRFLGRSRUODHODERUDFLyQGHILJXUDVHQWDJXDVLQRWDPELpQSRU ODKDELOLGDGKLVWyULFDTXHSRVHHQVXVDUWHVDQRVSDUDPROGHDUHOEDUURVHJ~QLQIRUPDFLyQGHO 'LDJQyVWLFR&DQWRQDOH[LVWHXQWRWDOGHWDOOHUHVTXHVHGHGLFDQDHVWDODERU\DEDVWHFHQOD GHPDQGDGHORVFDQWRQHVTXHFRQIRUPDQODSURYLQFLDGH0DQDEt

G  )25(67$/ /D WHPiWLFD IRUHVWDO WRPD IXHU]D D QLYHO SURYLQFLDO \ FDQWRQDO WUDV OD LPSOHPHQWDFLyQ GHO SURJUDPDGH)RUHVWDFLyQ\5HIRUHVWDFLyQGHO*RELHUQR3URYLQFLDOGH0DQDEtHQHOSDUD OD HMHFXFLyQ GH HVWH VH FRQVLGHUy RSRUWXQR KDFHUOR EDMR FLQFR VLVWHPDV TXH SHUPLWLHUDQ EHQHILFLDUDODPD\RUtDGHODSREODFLyQGHOiUHDUXUDODVtWHQHPRVFRQVHUYDFLyQSURWHFFLyQ SODQWDFLRQHVFRPHUFLDOHVVLOYRSDVWRULO\DJURIRUHVWHUtD 7UDVVLHWHDxRVGHLPSOHPHQWDFLyQGHOSUR\HFWR\DHVSRVLEOHFRQWDELOL]DUDOJXQRVUHVXOWDGRV DVtWHQHPRVTXHGHDFXHUGRDGDWRVGH&25)$0HQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHH[LVWHXQWRWDOGH KHFWiUHDVVHPEUDGDVFRQEDOVD KD \FDFDR KD ODFDxDJXDGXDWDPELpQHVWiVLHQGR SURPRYLGDHQHOFDQWyQVREUHWRGRSDUDODUHIRUHVWDFLyQHQODVULEHUDVGHORVUtRV/RVGDWRV H[SXHVWRV HYLGHQFLDQ XQD FODUD SUHIHUHQFLD SRU FXOWLYDU EDOVD HVWR VH GHEHUtD D GLYHUVRV IDFWRUHV HQWUH ORV PiV UHOHYDQWHV HVWi HO UiSLGR FUHFLPLHQWR GH OD HVSHFLH \ OD FUHFLHQWH GHPDQGDGHHVWHSURGXFWRDQLYHOUHJLRQDO 

  Página169de395




H  ,1'8675,$/ (Q5RFDIXHUWHQRVHLGHQWLILFDHOHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRGHJUDQGHVLQGXVWULDVSURFHVDGRUDVORVGDWRV GHO,1(&QRVSHUPLWHQFRUURERUDUHVWDDILUPDFLyQ\DTXHODSREODFLyQYLQFXODGDFRQHVWHVHFWRU SURGXFWLYRUHSUHVHQWD~QLFDPHQWHHOGHODSREODFLyQRFXSDGD(QHVWHVHJPHQWRGHOD HFRQRPtD FDQWRQDO SRGHPRV UHVDOWDU HO HVWDEOHFLPLHQWR GH SHTXHxDV SLODGRUDV FRPXQLWDULDV TXH SUHVWDQ HO VHUYLFLR GH SLODGR D VXV VRFLRV RWUDV SLODGRUDV SDUWLFXODUHV D PiV GH SUHVWDU HVWHVHUYLFLRWDPELpQDGTXLHUHQODSURGXFFLyQGHORVDJULFXOWRUHVORFDOHV 2WURV HPSUHQGLPLHQWRV UHODFLRQDGRV FRQ OD WUDQVIRUPDFLyQ GH SURGXFWRV SULPDULRV HV OD HODERUDFLyQ GH GXOFHV WUDGLFLRQDOHV HODERUDGRV DUWHVDQDOPHQWH SDUD OD SUHSDUDFLyQ GH ORV GXOFHVVHDGTXLHUHQODSURGXFFLyQGHDOJXQRVSURGXFWRVORFDOHV OHFKHFRFROLPyQ  'H DFXHUGR DO 'LDJQyVWLFR FDQWRQDO HQ 5RFDIXHUWH H[LVWHQ DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  PLFURHPSUHVDV TXH VH GHGLFDQ D HODERUDU HVWDV GHOLFLDV HVWD DFWLYLGDG SURGXFWLYD SHUPLWH HPSOHDUDSHUVRQDV\VXVWHQWDUODHFRQRPtDGHIDPLOLDV/DFRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQGHHVWRV GXOFHVVHUHDOL]DHQVXPD\RUtDDWUDYpVGHLQWHUPHGLDULRVFRPHUFLDQWHVGHGXOFHVPX\SRFRV VRQORVDUWHVDQRVTXHVHGHGLFDQDFRPHUFLDOL]DUVXSURSLDSURGXFFLyQ/DPD\RUGHPDQGDVH UHJLVWUD HQ ORV PHVHV GH -XQLR$JRVWR \ HO PHV GH 1RYLHPEUH (O SULQFLSDO GHVWLQR GH OD SURGXFFLyQORFDOVRQODSURYLQFLDGH0DQDEt 0DQWD-LSLMDSD3RUWRYLHMR%DKtDGH&DUiTXH] HQWUH RWUDV  FLXGDGHV FRPR *XD\DTXLO 4XLWR &XHQFD (VPHUDOGDV WDPELpQ VH FRQRFLy TXH HVWRVGXOFHVWUDGLFLRQDOHVOOHJDQDRWURVSDtVHV (VSDxD((88,WDOLD GRQGHUHVLGHSREODFLyQ HFXDWRULDQD 



35,1&,3$/(6

352'8&726

92/80(1

'(

352'8&&,ร1

<

352'8&7,9,'$' (O&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHSRVHHXQDVXSHUILFLHWRWDOGHKDVLHQGRHOFXOWLYRGHOPDt] ODSULPHUDFREHUWXUDGHOFDQWyQHQVHJXQGROXJDUVHXELFDHODUUR](OSDVWRFXOWLYDGR\HO SDVWR FXOWLYDGR FRQ SUHVHQFLD GH iUEROHV RFXSDQ HO WHUFHUR \ FXDUWR OXJDUHV UHVSHFWLYDPHQWH (Q OD TXLQWD \ VH[WD XELFDFLyQ VH KDOODQ HO FDFDR \ HO FRFRWHUR HQ VX RUGHQ /XHJR HQFRQWUDPRV OD DVRFLDFLyQ FDFDRFRFR HO SOiWDQR HO KDED SDOODU OD FHEROOD SHUOD )LQDOPHQWH H[LVWHQ RWUDV FREHUWXUDV FRQVLGHUDEOHV SHUR GH PHQRU VXSHUILFLH TXH ODV DQWHULRUHVFRPRFXOWLYRVKRUWtFRODVODKLJXHULOODHODOJRGyQHQWUHRWURV9HUFXDGUR\ JUiILFR   Pรกgina170de395




&8$'526XSHUILFLHGH&REHUWXUD\8VRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH &2%(5785$

862 

$&+2*&+$ $/*2'ร1 $552= %$%$&2 %$1$12 &$&$2 &(%2//$3(5/$ &,/$1752 &2&27(52 )5(-2/

         

683(5),&,( KD          

+$%$3$//$5 +,*8(5,//$ /,021

  

  



0$,= 0$1, 0$5$&8<$

$*5,&2/$



              



 

 

0(/21







3$3$<$ 3(3,1,//2 3,0,(172

  

  

  

3/$7$12 7$0$5,1'2 7,(55$$*5,&2/$6,1 &8/7,92 720$7(5,f21 9$,1,7$ <8&$ =$3$//2 &$&$2&2&2 &(%2//$3(5/$/,021 0,6&(/$1(2'( +257$/,=$6 0,6&(/$1(2 ,1',)(5(1&,$'2 3$672&8/7,9$'2&21 35(6(1&,$'(รˆ5%2/(6 3$672&8/7,9$'2&21 35(6(1&,$'(0$,= $/%$55$'$5(6(5925,2

        

 

 





 $*523(&8$5,2 0,;72 

    

/$*2/$*81$ 

$5($(1352&(62'( 85%$1,=$&,21



&$17(5$







  









 

  

 









 $17523,&2

      





$*8$

5,2'2%/(

      

 







 



Pรกgina171de395


  )XHQWH&/,56(1 &2%(5785$  &(0(17(5,2 &(175232%/$'2 &203/(-2,1'8675,$/ &203/(-25(&5($&,21$/ *5$1-$$9,&2/$

862      

3,/$'25$ 3,6&,1$'(2;,'$&,21 85%$12 9(57('(52'(%$685$ 9(*(7$&,21+(5%$&($ +80('$08<$/7(5$'$ 9(*(7$&,21+(5%$&($ 6(&$08<$/7(5$'$ %2648(6(&2 0(',$1$0(17($/7(5$'2 %2648(6(&208< $/7(5$'2 0$7255$/+80('2 0(',$1$0(17($/7(5$'2 0$7255$/+80('208< $/7(5$'2 0$7255$/6(&2 0(',$1$0(17($/7(5$'2 0$7255$/6(&208< $/7(5$'2 9(*(7$&,21+(5%$&($'( +80('$/0(',$1$0(17( $/7(5$'$ 9(*(7$&,21+(5%$&($'( +80('$/08<$/7(5$'$ 3$672&8/7,9$'2 %$/6$ &$f$*8$'8$2%$0%8 3$&+$&2

    

7(&$ 727$/

       

683(5),&,( KD     

     

   

   

 &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21

 



 

 

 

  



  &216(59$&,21< &216(59$&,21< 3527(&&,21

      

 

  





 

    

  









 



























 





 



 

    

    

















3(&8$5,2  3527(&&,212 352'8&&,21

  

           Pรกgina172de395


 *5รˆ),&23RUFHQWDMHGH&REHUWXUDGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 

)XHQWH&/,56(1

 6HJXLGDPHQWH VH KDFH XQD GHVFULSFLyQ UiSLGD GH ORV SULQFLSDOHV WLSRV GH FREHUWXUD GH OD WLHUUDTXHVHHQFXHQWUDQHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHQRUGHQGHLPSRUWDQFLDGHDFXHUGRDOD H[WHQVLyQVXSHUILFLDOPRVWUDGDHQHOFXDGURDQWHULRU

   0$ร‹= (OFXOWLYRGHPDt]FXEUHXQDVXSHUILFLHGH+DHQHOFDQWyQ2FXSDSUiFWLFDPHQWHOD PD\RUSDUWHGHOD]RQDHVWHGHVGHHOFHQWURWDQWRKDFLDHOQRUWHFRPRKDFLDHOVXU )LJXUD  /RVVHFWRUHVGHSURGXFFLyQGHHVWHFHUHDOFRUUHVSRQGHQD(O*XDUDQJR/D3DSD\D (O0R\X\R6DQ0LJXHOGH7UHV&KDUFRV(O&DUGyQ/DV)ORUHV'DQ]DUtQ6DQ$QWRQLR2MR GH $JXD $IXHUD (O *XDQiEDQR &LpQDJD $IXHUD (O eEDQR 2MR GH $JXD $GHQWUR /D 3ULPDYHUD7LHUUD'XUD&HUUR9HUGH3DMD&RORUDGD\(O0RWHWH/DVH[WHQVLRQHVGHGLFDGDV D HVWH FXOWLYR JHQHUDOPHQWH QR GLVSRQHQ GH DOJ~Q VLVWHPD GH ULHJR SRU OR TXH ORV DJULFXOWRUHVGHSHQGHQHQVXPD\RUtDGHODVOOXYLDV\GHODJXDSURYHQLHQWHGHUtRV\HVWHURV SDUDUHDOL]DUHOULHJRSRUJUDYHGDG(VWHFXOWLYRJHQHUDOPHQWHWLHQHDVLVWHQFLDWpFQLFDPX\ OLPLWDGD \ QR RFXSD PDTXLQDULD DJUtFROD 6LQ HPEDUJR VH HPSOHD OD XUHD SDUD IHUWLOL]DUOR )LJXUD &DEHLQGLFDUTXHVRQJUDQGHVH[WHQVLRQHVPX\SDUFHODGDVFX\DSURGXFFLyQ VHGHVWLQDDODYHQWDSDUDODDOLPHQWDFLyQGHDYHVHQORVSODQWHOHVSDUDODHODERUDFLyQGH EDODQFHDGRVRSDUDHODXWRFRQVXPR 



   Pรกgina173de395


 

),*85$'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHO0Dt]HQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

           )XHQWH&/,56(1







  $552=

(O FXOWLYR GHO DUUR] LPSRUWDQWH SRUTXH VX YHQWD UHSUHVHQWD LQJUHVRV SDUD VRVWHQHU OD HFRQRPtD FDPSHVLQD \ EiVLFR HQ OD DOLPHQWDFLyQ RFXSD XQD VXSHUILFLH GH  +D GHQWURGHOFDQWyQ/DVH[WHQVLRQHVGHGLFDGDVDHVWHFXOWLYRJHQHUDOPHQWHGLVSRQHQGHULHJR SRULQXQGDFLyQFRQDJXDSURYHQLHQWHGHFDQDOHVUtRV\HVWHURV )LJXUD /DVSDUFHODV PD\RULWDULDPHQWHVRQSHTXHxDV\ODORFDOL]DFLyQVHGDSULQFLSDOPHQWHHQHOH[WUHPRRHVWH GHOFDQWyQGHQRUWHDVXUHQORVVHFWRUHVGH(O)UXWLOOR%XHQRV$LUHV6DQ-RVpGH3HQDV (O 3DVDMH 9DOGH] 3XHUWR /RRU /DV 'RV %RFDV 6DQ (OR\ &DOLIRUQLD *XDELWDO 3XHUWR +LJXHUyQ7LHUUDV$PDULOODV\7DEDFDOHV       

  Pรกgina174de395


 ),*85$'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHO$UUR]HQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

)XHQWH&/,56(1



  3$672&8/7,9$'2

 

(O SDVWR FXOWLYDGR HQ HO FDQWyQ HQ VX JUDQ PD\RUtD FRUUHVSRQGH D VDER\D Panicum maximun DXQTXHH[LVWHQSDVWL]DOHVQDWXUDOHVGHJUDPDTXHVHPDQHMDQGHDOJXQDXRWUD PDQHUDSRUORTXHVHORVKDFDWDORJDGRFRPRSDVWRVFXOWLYDGRV*HQHUDOPHQWHORVSDVWRV FXOWLYDGRVFDUHFHQGHDOJ~QWLSRGHVLVWHPDGHULHJR )LJXUD /DJDQDGHUtDSXHGHVHU LQWHQVLYD R H[WHQVLYD *HQHUDOPHQWH OD JDQDGHUtD QR FXHQWD FRQ DVLVWHQFLD WpFQLFD PDTXLQDULD\ORVSDVWL]DOHVQRVXHOHQIHUWLOL]DUVH  6X H[WHQVLyQ DEDUFD  +D GHQWUR GHO FDQWyQ (VWDV FREHUWXUDV VH ORFDOL]DQ HQ OD ]RQDRHVWHHQORVVHFWRUHVGH(O)UXWLOOR%XHQRV$LUHV(O&DUGyQ6DQ-RVpGH3HQDV(O 5HVEDOyQ(O3DVDMH9DOGH](O6DFyQ3XHUWR/RRU/DV'RV%RFDV6DQ(OR\/D&DUDFD &DOLIRUQLD7LHUUDV$PDULOOD\7DEDFDOHV\KDFLDHOHVWHHQORVVHFWRUHVGH(O*XDUDQJR/D 3DSD\D(O0R\X\R/D=RUUD6DQ0LJXHO/DV)ORUHV'DQ]DUtQ6DQ$QWRQLR2MRGH$JXD $IXHUD (O *XDQiEDQR &LpQDJD $IXHUD (O eEDQR 2MR GH $JXD $GHQWUR /D 3ULPDYHUD \ 7LHUUD'XUD

     Pรกgina175de395


 ),*85$'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHO3DVWRFXOWLYDGRHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH



)XHQWH&/,56(1

    3$672&8/7,9$'2&2135(6(1&,$'(รˆ5%2/(6 (VWD FREHUWXUD RFXSD  KD GHO FDQWyQ VH FDUDFWHUL]D SRUTXH ORV SDVWL]DOHV HVWiQ DFRPSDxDGRV GH iUEROHV TXH SXHGHQ VHU DOJDUURERV R DFDFLDV TXH VLUYHQ FRPR IRUUDMH FRPSOHPHQWDULR DO SDVWR SDUD HO JDQDGR )LJXUD   /D PD\RUtD GH HVWRV SDVWRV FXOWLYDGRV FRQ SUHVHQFLD GH iUEROHV QR VH HQFXHQWUDQ GRWDGRV GH XQ VLVWHPD GH ULHJR DOJXQR TXHGDQGR D H[SHQVDV GH OD OOXYLD R GHO DJXD SURYHQLHQWH GH UtRV HVWHURV \ HQ DOJXQRV FDVRV GH FDQDOHV (VWD FREHUWXUD VH XELFD HQ HO H[WUHPR RHVWH LQIHULRU HQ ORV VHFWRUHVGH(O)UXWLOOR(O&DUGyQ7LHUUDV$PDULOOD\7DEDFDOHVH[WUHPRHVWHLQIHULRUHQORV VHFWRUHV GH /DV )ORUHV 'DQ]DUtQ 6DQ $QWRQLR 2MR 'H $JXD $IXHUD (O *XDQiEDQR &LpQDJD $IXHUD (O eEDQR \ 2MR GH $JXD DGHQWUR \ HQ HO H[WUHPR HVWH VXSHULRU HQ ORV VHFWRUHVGH(O*XDUDQJR/D3DSD\D\3DMD&RORUDGD          Pรกgina176de395


 ),*85$'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHO3DVWRFXOWLYDGRFRQSUHVHQFLDGHiUEROHV 

 )XHQWH&/,56(1 



  $62&,$&,ร1&$&$2&2&2



/D DVRFLDFLyQ &DFDR&RFR WLHQH XQD H[WHQVLyQ GH  +D HQ HO FDQWyQ (Q HVWD DVRFLDFLyQH[LVWHXQPD\RUDSURYHFKDPLHQWRGHOHVSDFLRDODYH]TXHVHREWLHQHXQLQJUHVR DGLFLRQDO DO REWHQLGR SRU OD VLHPEUD GHO FRFR /DV SDUFHODV HQ ODV TXH VH FXOWLYD HO FDFDR DVRFLDGRDOFRFRJHQHUDOPHQWHUHFXUUHQDODVOOXYLDVRDODJXDSURYHQLHQWHGHFDQDOHVUtRV \ HVWHURV SDUD UHDOL]DU HO ULHJR SRU JUDYHGDG HVSHFLDOPHQWH SRU HO FDFDR SDUD VXSOLU VXV QHFHVLGDGHV KtGULFDV LQtFLDOHV )LJXUD   (VWD FREHUWXUD HQ VX PD\RUtD VH XELFD HQ HO DODVXURHVWHLQIHULRUGHOFDQWyQHQODV]RQDVGH(O5HVEDOyQ(O3DVDMH9DOGH](O6DFyQ 3XHUWR/RRU/DV'RV%RFDV/D&DUDFD7LHUUDV$PDULOODV\7DEDFDOHV          Pรกgina177de395


  ),*85$'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHODDVRFLDFLyQFDFDRFRFRHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH



 )XHQWH&/,56(1

 

  &2&27(52 (O FRFRWHUR FRQVWLWX\H XQ UXEUR LPSRUWDQWH GHQWUR GH OD HFRQRPtD GH ORV DJULFXOWRUHV GHGLFDGRV D HVWH FXOWLYR \ RFXSD XQD VXSHUILFLH GH  +D HQ HO FDQWyQ 6H ORFDOL]D SULQFLSDOPHQWHHQHOH[WUHPRLQIHULRUVXURHVWH )LJXUD HQODV]RQDVGH%XHQRV$LUHV (O&DUGyQ6DQ-RVpGH3HxDV(O5HVEDOyQ(O3DVDMH9DOGH](O6DFyQ3XHUWR/RRU\/DV 'RV %RFDV &RP~QPHQWH ODV VXSHUILFLHV FXOWLYDGDV FRQ FRFR QR GLVSRQHQ GH VLVWHPD GH ULHJRDOJXQR\GHSHQGHQGHODJXDOOXYLDRGHODJXDSURYHQLHQWHGHFDQDOHVUtRVRHVWHURV

  Pรกgina178de395


 ),*85$'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHO&RFRWHUR&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 )XHQWH&/,56(1     &$&$2 (OFDFDRTXHVHFXOWLYDHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHWDQWRILQRGHDURPDFRPRUDPLOODWLHQHXQD VXSHUILFLH GH  KD 6H XELFD HQ HO H[WUHPR VXSHULRU RHVWH HQ (O )UXWLOOR 0DQFKD GH &DQD \ 6DQ (OR\ HQ HO FHQWUR RHVWH HQ HO VHFWRU GH %XHQRV $LUHV HQ HO H[WUHPR VXU GH PD\RUFRQFHQWUDFLyQHQORVVHFWRUHVGH(O5HVEDOyQ(O3DVDMH9DOGH](O6DFyQ3XHUWR /RRU /DV 'RV %RFDV /D &DUDFD \ 7DEDFDOHV \ HQ FRQWDGDV H[WHQVLRQHV KDFLD HO HVWH )LJXUD 5DUDVYHFHVHVWHFXOWLYRHVWiGRWDGRGHDOJ~QVLVWHPDGHULHJRVLQHPEDUJR ODVIXHQWHVGHDJXDSURYHQLHQWHVGHFDQDOHVUtRV\HVWHURVVXSOHQODVQHFHVLGDGHVKtGULFDV GHOFXOWLYRPHGLDQWHJUDYHGDG(QRWUDVRFDVLRQHVODOOXYLDFXPSOHFRQODPLVPDIXQFLyQ(O FDFDRVXHOHHQFRQWUDUVHVRORRDVRFLDGRFRQHOSOiWDQRHQPXFKRVGHORVFDVRV  

       Pรกgina179de395


  ),*85$'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHO&DFDRHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH 

 )XHQWH&/,56(1 



  3/รˆ7$12%$1$12

 (O FXOWLYR GH SOiWDQR FXEUH XQ iUHD GH  +D PLHQWUDV TXH HO EDQDQR WLHQH XQD H[WHQVLyQ GH  +D HQ HO FDQWyQ )LJXUD   (O SULPHUR UHSUHVHQWD XQ DOLPHQWR LPSRUWDQWH H LQVXVWLWXLEOH HQ OD GLHWD IDPLOLDU DGHPiV GH VHU XQD IXHQWH DGLFLRQDO GH LQJUHVRV D ILQ GH PDQWHQHU OD HFRQRPtD FDPSHVLQD PHGLDQWH OD YHQWD *HQHUDOPHQWH HO SOiWDQR QR GLVSRQH GH VLVWHPD GH ULHJR OR TXH QR RFXUUH FRQ HO EDQDQR TXH SRU VHU PX\ FRPHUFLDOJHQHUDOPHQWHVLFXHQWDFRQDOJ~QWLSRGHULHJRHVSHFLDOPHQWHSRUDVSHUVLyQ(O EDQDQRVHORFDOL]DHQORVVHFWRUHVFHQWUDOHVGH/D/HJXD/D3DSD\D\/RV$JXVWLQHVSRU VXSDUWHHOSOiWDQRVHKDOODXELFDGRHQODV]RQDVVXURHVWH 3XHUWR/RRU9DOGH](O6DFyQ (O 5HVEDOyQ /DV 'RV %RFDV  FHQWUDO /D ,VOD (O &DUGyQ /D 3DSD\D (O *XDUDQJR  \ VXUHVWH (O *XDQiEDQR 'DQ]DUtQ &LpQDJD $IXHUD )LJXUD  'LVWULEXFLyQ HVSDFLDO GHO %DQDQR\3OiWDQRHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH



  Pรกgina180de395




 )XHQWH&/,56(1 

   +$%$3$//$5 (OFXOWLYRGHKDEDSDOODURFXSDXQDVXSHUILFLHGHKD6HKDOODGLVWULEXLGRHQIRUPDGH IUDQMDTXHYDGHQRUWHDVXUKDFLDHOVHFWRUHVWHGHOFDQWyQHQIRUPDGLVSHUVD/RVVHFWRUHV HQ GRQGH VH FXOWLYD HO KDED SULQFLSDOPHQWH )LJXUD   VRQ /D 3DSD\D (O 0X\X\R /D =RUUD 6DQ 0LJXHO 'DQ]DUtQ 6DQ $QWRQLR 2MR GH $JXD $IXHUD (O *XDQiEDQR &LpQDJD $IXHUD (O eEDQR 2MR GH $JXD $GHQWUR /D 3ULPDYHUD \ 7LHUUD 'XUD 6XV SDUFHODV VH FDUDFWHUL]DQ SRU VHU SHTXHxDV GHVSURYLVWDV GH ULHJR HQ OD PD\RUtD GH ORV FDVRV DXQTXH DOJXQDV VL GLVSRQHQ GH ULHJR SRU JRWHR GHELGR D ODV QHFHVLGDGHV GH DJXD GHO FXOWLYR &XDQGRQRVHGLVSRQHGHVLVWHPDGHULHJRORVDJULFXOWRUHVGHSHQGHQGHODVSUHFLSLWDFLRQHV RGHODJXDGHUtRV\HVWHURVSDUDSRGHUUHDOL]DUHOULHJRSRUJUDYHGDG(OKDEDSDOODUHVXQ SURGXFWRLPSRUWDQWHHQODGLHWDGHORVPDQDELWDV\WDPELpQJHQHUDLQJUHVRVHFRQyPLFRV\D TXHHVFRPHUFLDOL]DGDSRUVXVSURGXFWRUHV

      

  Pรกgina181de395


 )LJXUD'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHOKDEDSDOODUHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 )XHQWH&/,56(1

   &(%2//$3(5/$ 6HORFDOL]DKDFLDHOFHQWURRHVWHHQHOVHFWRUGH(O&HUHFLWRKDFLDODSDUWHQRUWHVXSHULRUHQ HO VHFWRU GH 6DQ (OR\ \ OD PD\RU VXSHUILFLH HQ OD ]RQD FHQWUDO FRQRFLGD FRPR /DV 0DUDYLOODV ILJXUD   6X H[WHQVLyQ HQ HO FDQWyQ HV GH  +D (V XQ FXOWLYR GH PXFKDLPSRUWDQFLDHFRQyPLFDSDUDTXLHQHVVHGHGLFDQDHVWDDFWLYLGDGDGHPiVGHJHQHUDU QXPHURVDV IXHQWHV GH WUDEDMR (Q VX PD\RUtD HVWH FXOWLYR SHUWHQHFH D XQD $VRFLDFLyQ GH 3URGXFWRUHVSRUORTXHVXH[SORWDFLyQHVEDVWDQWHRUJDQL]DGD&XHQWDFRQULHJRSRUJRWHR UHFLEHQ DVLVWHQFLD WpFQLFD \ FXHQWDQ FRQ PDTXLQDULD DJUtFROD SDUD UHDOL]DU ODV ODERUHV FXOWXUDOHV       

  Pรกgina182de395


 )LJXUD'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHOD&HEROODSHUODHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 )XHQWH&/,56(1

   &8/7,926+257ร‹&2/$6 &RUUHVSRQGH D FXOWLYRV GH FLFOR FRUWR EiVLFDPHQWH GHQWUR GH ORV TXH VH GHVWDFDQ HO SLPLHQWR +D ODYDLQLWD +D HOWRPDWHULxyQ +D HO]DSDOOR +D  \ HO PHOyQ  +D  )LJXUD   7RGRV HVWRV FXOWLYRV VRQ XQD IXHQWH GH LQJUHVRV D FRUWRSOD]RTXHD\XGDQDVXVWHQWDUODHFRQRPtDIDPLOLDUGHOORVDJULFXOWRUHV*HQHUDOPHQWH SRUODVQHFHVLGDGHVKtGULFDVLPSHULRVDVGHHVWDVKRUWDOL]DVVLHPSUHVHFXHQWDFRQVLVWHPD GHULHJRSRUJRWHRDH[FHSFLyQGHO]DSDOORTXHQRQHFHVLWDGHPXFKDDJXDSDUDVXQRUPDO FUHFLPLHQWR \ GHVDUUROOR \D TXH HV UHVLVWHQWH D ODV FRQGLFLRQHV DGYHUVDV GH KXPHGDG /D XELFDFLyQ GH ORV FXOWLYRV KRUWtFRODV VH GLVWULEX\H GH OD VLJXLHQWH PDQHUD ]RQD VXURHVWH LQIHULRU 6DQ -RVp GH 3HQDV (O 5HVEDOyQ (O 3DVDMH 9DOGH] (O 6DFyQ 3XHUWR /RRU /DV 'RV %RFDV  ]RQD QRURHVWH VXSHULRU 6DQ (OR\  ]RQD FHQWUR /D 3DSD\D (O *XDUDQJR (O &DUGyQ/DV0DUDYLOODV \]RQDHVWHFHQWUDO 6DQ0LJXHOGH7UHV&KDUFRV          Pรกgina183de395


 )LJXUD'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHORVFXOWLYRVKRUWtFRODVHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 )XHQWH&/,56(1   +,*8(5,//$

 /DKLJXHULOODDEDUFDXQDH[WHQVLyQGHKD(VXQXQDSODQWDTXHJHQHUDOPHQWHFUHFH HVSRQWiQHDPHQWHVLQHPEDUJRHQHOFDQWyQVHKDFXOWLYDGRSRUVXXVRPHGLFLQDO\SRUTXH HVXQDROHDJLQRVDGHJUDQIXWXURGHELGRDTXHVXDFHLWHVHXWLOL]DHQODLQGXVWULDDXWRPRWUL] 1R HV H[LJHQWH HQ DJXD SRU OR TXH ODV SDUFHODV HQ GRQGH VH FXOWLYD QR VH HQFXHQWUDQ SURYLVWDVGHDOJ~QWLSRGHVLVWHPDGHULHJR )LJXUD 6HORFDOL]DHQODSDUWHVXSHULRU QRUHVWH (O*XDUDQJR/D3DSD\D&HUUR9HUGH3DMD&RORUDGD\(O0RWHWH \HQHOH[WUHPR LQIHULRU VXUHVWH 6DQ 0LJXHO GH 7UHV &KDUFRV (O *XDQiEDQR (O eEDQR /D 3ULPDYHUD \ 7LHUUD'XUD       

  Pรกgina184de395


 )LJXUD'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHOD+LJXHULOODHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 )XHQWH&/,56(1

 

 $/*2'ร1



(ODOJRGyQVHKDOODXELFDGRSULQFLSDOPHQWHHQHOH[WUHPRQRUHVWHVXSHULRU )LJXUD HQ ORV VHFWRUHV GH /D 3DSD\D HO *XDUDQJR 3DMD &RORUDGD (O 0R\X\R RFXSDQGR XQD VXSHUILFLH GH  KD (O DOJRGyQ HV XQD ILEUD YHJHWDO QDWXUDO GH JUDQ LPSRUWDQFLD HFRQyPLFD FRPR PDWHULD SULPD SDUD OD IDEULFDFLyQ GH WHMLGRV \ SUHQGDV GH YHVWLU /D JHQHUDOL]DFLyQGHVXXVRVHGHEHVREUHWRGRDODIDFLOLGDGFRQTXHODILEUDVHSXHGHWUHQ]DU HQ KLORV /D UHVLVWHQFLD OD DEVRUEHQFLD \ OD IDFLOLGDG FRQ TXH VH ODYD \ VH WLHQH WDPELpQ FRQWULEX\HQDTXHHODOJRGyQVHSUHVWHDODHODERUDFLyQGHJpQHURVWH[WLOHVPX\YDULDGRV

 (VLPSRUWDQWHWDPELpQHQODHODERUDFLyQGHEDODQFHDGRVSDUDORFXDOVHXWLOL]DODSDVWDGH DOJRGyQLQVXPRSURWHLFRGHXVRFRP~QHVHOVXESURGXFWRGHODREWHQFLyQGHODFHLWHGHOD VHPLOODGHDOJRGyQ/DVHPLOODGHDOJRGyQHVLQLFLDOPHQWHSUHSDUDGDPHGLDQWHODVHSDUDFLyQ GH OD FDVFDUD FRQ OD ILQDOLGDG GH IDFLOLWDU HO SURFHVR GH UHPRFLyQ GHO DFHLWH PHGLDQWH H[WUDFFLyQPHFiQLFD\RSRUVROYHQWH/DSDVWDTXHUHVXOWDOXHJRGHODH[WUDFFLyQSXHGHR QR VHU DGLFLRQDGD FRQ OD FDVFDUD (VWD DGLFFLyQ \ OD FDOLGDG GHO SURFHVR GH H[WUDFFLyQ HPSOHDGRGHWHUPLQDUDQODFRPSRVLFLyQQXWULFLRQDOGHOSURGXFWRREWHQLGR    Pรกgina185de395


 (VWHFXOWLYRSRUORJHQHUDOVHKDOODHQSDUFHODVSHTXHxDVGHVSURYLVWDVGHULHJRSRUORTXH HVSHFLDOPHQWHGXUDQWHORVSULPHURVPHVHVGHOFXOWLYRVHKDFHLPSHULRVDHODJXDGHOOXYLDR ODSURYHQLHQWHGHUtRV\HVWHURVPHGLDQWHJUDYHGDG )LJXUD'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHO$OJRGyQHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 )XHQWH&/,56(1

 (Q HO FXDGUR 1R  FRQ EDVH DO FHQVR HFRQyPLFR ,1(&  VH GHWHUPLQD TXH OD VXSHUILFLH HQ KHFWiUHDV GH FXOWLYRV SHUHQQHV HV GH  /D VXSHUILFLH FRVHFKDGD HV GH  +D FRQ XQD SURGXFFLyQ HQ WRQHODGDV GH  GHWHUPLQiQGRVH XQ  GH VXSHUILFLHDSURYHFKDGDSDUDHVWHWLSRGHFXOWLYRV(QHOFXDGUR1RVHGHWHUPLQDQORV FXOWLYRVSHUHQQHVFRQXVRGHULHJR\FRQGLFLyQGHFXOWLYRVGHWHUPLQiQGRVHTXHH[LVWHQHQ HOFDQWyQXQWRWDOGH+HFWiUHDVEDMRHVWHXVR

           Pรกgina186de395




&8$'521R&XOWLYRVSHUHQQHV\SURGXFWLYLGDG  1RPEUHGHO&XOWLYR

5HQGLPLHQWR &RQGLFLyQ 6XSHUILFLH 6XSHUILFLH 3URGXFFLyQ 3URGXFFLyQ GHO 3ODQWDGD &RVHFKDGD 7P6XS 70 &XOWLYR +D  +D  &RVHFKDGD +D 

%DQDQR

$VRFLDGR

&DFDR &RFRWHUR





$VRFLDGR



$VRFLDGR



/LPyQ

$VRFLDGR

0DQJR

9HQWDV 70

































$VRFLDGR











0DUDFX\i

$VRFLDGR











3DSD\D

$VRFLDGR











3OiWDQR

$VRFLDGR











$FKLRWH

6yOR











%DQDQR

6yOR











&DFDR &DxDGHD]~FDURWURV XVRV

6yOR











6yOR





&HLER

6yOR











&RFRWHUR

6yOR











/LPyQ

6yOR











0DQJR

6yOR











0DUDFX\i

6yOR











3DSD\D

6yOR











3OiWDQR

6yOR







7DPDULQGR 727$/

6yOR







906,21

436,85

2826,69



  



61,18 2663,58

)XHQWH,1(&&HQVR(FRQyPLFR

  &8$'521R&XOWLYRVSHUHQQHVFRQXVRGHULHJR\FRQGLFLyQGHFXOWLYR 

8VRGH ULHJR

&XOWLYR

&RQGLFLyQGHO FXOWLYR

+HFWiUHDVFRQ 5LHJR +D 

1R

%DQDQR

$VRFLDGR



1R

&DFDR

$VRFLDGR



1R

&RFRWHUR

$VRFLDGR



1R

0DQJR

$VRFLDGR



1R

0DUDFX\i

$VRFLDGR



1R

3DSD\D

$VRFLDGR



1R

3OiWDQR

$VRFLDGR



6L

%DQDQR

$VRFLDGR



  Pรกgina187de395


 6L

&DFDR

$VRFLDGR



6L

&RFRWHUR

$VRFLDGR



6L

/LPyQ

$VRFLDGR



6L

0DQJR

$VRFLDGR



6L

0DUDFX\i

$VRFLDGR



6L

3DSD\D

$VRFLDGR



6L

3OiWDQR

$VRFLDGR



1R

%DQDQR

6yOR



1R

&DFDR

6yOR



1R

&DxDGHD]~FDURWURVXVRV 6yOR



1R

&HLER

6yOR



1R

&RFRWHUR

6yOR



1R

/LPyQ

6yOR



1R

0DQJR

6yOR



1R

0DUDFX\i

6yOR



1R

3DSD\D

6yOR



1R

3OiWDQR

6yOR



6L

$FKLRWH

6yOR



6L

&DFDR

6yOR



6L

&RFRWHUR

6yOR



6L

/LPyQ

6yOR



6L

0DUDFX\i

6yOR



6L

3DSD\D

6yOR



6L

3OiWDQR

6yOR



6L

7DPDULQGR

6yOR

 727$/



)XHQWH,1(&&HQVR(FRQyPLFR

 (Q HO FXDGUR 1R  FRQ EDVH DO FHQVR HFRQyPLFR ,1(&  VH GHWHUPLQD TXH OD VXSHUILFLHHQKHFWiUHDVGHFXOWLYRVWUDQVLWRULRVHVGH/DVXSHUILFLHFRVHFKDGDHV GH+DFRQXQDSURGXFFLyQHQWRQHODGDVGHGHWHUPLQiQGRVHXQ GHVXSHUILFLHDSURYHFKDGDSDUDHVWHWLSRGHFXOWLYRV(QHOFXDGUR1RVHGHWHUPLQDQ ORVFXOWLYRVWUDQVLWRULRVFRQXVRGHULHJR\FRQGLFLyQGHFXOWLYRVGHWHUPLQiQGRVHTXHH[LVWHQ HQHOFDQWyQXQWRWDOGH+HFWiUHDVEDMRHVWHXVR

        Pรกgina188de395




&8$'521R&XOWLYRVWUDQVLWRULRV\SURGXFWLYLGDG 

&XOWLYR

&RQGLFLyQ GHOFXOWLYR

6XSHUILFLH 6XSHUILF &DQW 5HQGLPLHQWR &DQW LH 6HPEUDGD &RVHFKDGD &DQWLGDG 9HQGLGD &RVHFK +D  ยŒ &RVHFKD ยŒ DGD +D

6XSHUILFLH &RVHFKDGD      

$MtVHUUDQR

$VRFLDGR

$OJRGyQ

$VRFLDGR











$UUR]

$VRFLDGR











%DGHD

$VRFLDGR











&DPRWH

$VRFLDGR











&HEROODEODQFD $VRFLDGR











&LODQWUR

$VRFLDGR











)UpMROVHFR

$VRFLDGR











)UpMROWLHUQR

$VRFLDGR











+DEDVHFD

$VRFLDGR











+DEDWLHUQD

$VRFLDGR











+LJXHULOOD

$VRFLDGR











0DQt

$VRFLDGR











0Dt]GXUR $VRFLDGR FKRFOR 0Dt]GXURVHFR $VRFLDGR





















0Dt]VXDYH FKRFOR 0HOyQ

$VRFLDGR











$VRFLDGR











3HSLQLOOR

$VRFLDGR











3LPLHQWR

$VRFLDGR











6DQGtD

$VRFLDGR











7RPDWHULxyQ

$VRFLDGR











<XFD

$VRFLDGR











=DSDOOR

$VRFLDGR











$OJRGyQ

6yOR











$UUR]

6yOR











%DGHD

6yOR











&DPRWH

6yOR











&HEROODEODQFD 6yOR











&LODQWUR

6yOR











)UpMROVHFR

6yOR











)UpMROWLHUQR

6yOR











+DEDWLHUQD

6yOR











+LJXHULOOD

6yOR











0DQt

6yOR











0Dt]GXUR 6yOR FKRFOR 0Dt]GXURVHFR 6yOR





















  Pรกgina189de395


 0Dt]VXDYH FKRFOR 0HOyQ

6yOR











6yOR











3HSLQLOOR

6yOR











3LPLHQWR

6yOR











6DQGtD

6yOR











7RPDWHULxyQ

6yOR











<XFD

6yOR











=DSDOOR

6yOR





















727$/

)XHQWH,1(&&HQVR(FRQyPLFR

 &8$'521R&XOWLYRVWUDQVLWRULRVFRQXVRGHULHJR\FRQGLFLyQGHFXOWLYR 

8VRULHJR

1RPEUHGHO &XOWLYR

&RQGLFLyQ &XOWLYR

6XS 6HPEUDGDFRQ 5LHJR +D 

1R

$MtVHUUDQR

$VRFLDGR



1R

$OJRGyQ

$VRFLDGR



1R

$UUR]

$VRFLDGR



1R

&DPRWH

$VRFLDGR



1R

)UpMROVHFR

$VRFLDGR



1R

)UpMROWLHUQR

$VRFLDGR



1R

+DEDWLHUQD

$VRFLDGR



1R

+LJXHULOOD

$VRFLDGR



1R

0DQt

$VRFLDGR



1R

0Dt]GXURFKRFOR

$VRFLDGR



1R

0Dt]GXURVHFR

$VRFLDGR



1R

0Dt]VXDYHFKRFOR $VRFLDGR



1R

0HOyQ

$VRFLDGR



1R

3HSLQLOOR

$VRFLDGR



1R

3LPLHQWR

$VRFLDGR



1R

7RPDWHULxyQ

$VRFLDGR



1R

<XFD

$VRFLDGR



1R

=DSDOOR

$VRFLDGR



6L

$UUR]

$VRFLDGR



6L

%DGHD

$VRFLDGR



6L

&DPRWH

$VRFLDGR



6L

&HEROODEODQFD

$VRFLDGR



6L

&LODQWUR

$VRFLDGR



6L

)UpMROVHFR

$VRFLDGR



6L

)UpMROWLHUQR

$VRFLDGR



6L

+DEDVHFD

$VRFLDGR



  Pรกgina190de395


 6L

+DEDWLHUQD

$VRFLDGR



6L

+LJXHULOOD

$VRFLDGR



6L

0DQt

$VRFLDGR



6L

0Dt]GXURFKRFOR

$VRFLDGR



6L

0Dt]GXURVHFR

$VRFLDGR



6L

0Dt]VXDYHFKRFOR $VRFLDGR



6L

0HOyQ

$VRFLDGR



6L

3HSLQLOOR

$VRFLDGR



6L

3LPLHQWR

$VRFLDGR



6L

6DQGtD

$VRFLDGR



6L

7RPDWHULxyQ

$VRFLDGR



6L

<XFD

$VRFLDGR



6L

=DSDOOR

$VRFLDGR



1R

$OJRGyQ

6yOR



1R

$UUR]

6yOR



1R

&DPRWH

6yOR



1R

&LODQWUR

6yOR



1R

)UpMROVHFR

6yOR



1R

)UpMROWLHUQR

6yOR



1R

+DEDWLHUQD

6yOR



1R

+LJXHULOOD

6yOR



1R

0DQt

6yOR



1R

0Dt]GXURFKRFOR

6yOR



1R

0Dt]GXURVHFR

6yOR



1R

0HOyQ

6yOR



1R

3HSLQLOOR

6yOR



1R

3LPLHQWR

6yOR



1R

6DQGtD

6yOR



1R

7RPDWHULxyQ

6yOR



1R

<XFD

6yOR



1R

=DSDOOR

6yOR



6L

$UUR]

6yOR



6L

%DGHD

6yOR



6L

&DPRWH

6yOR



6L

&HEROODEODQFD

6yOR



6L

&LODQWUR

6yOR



6L

)UpMROVHFR

6yOR



6L

)UpMROWLHUQR

6yOR



6L

+DEDWLHUQD

6yOR



6L

0DQt

6yOR



6L

0Dt]GXURFKRFOR

6yOR



6L

0Dt]GXURVHFR

6yOR



6L

0Dt]VXDYHFKRFOR 6yOR



  Pรกgina191de395


 6L

0HOyQ

6yOR



6L

3HSLQLOOR

6yOR



6L

3LPLHQWR

6yOR



6L

6DQGtD

6yOR



6L

7RPDWHULxyQ

6yOR



6L

<XFD

6yOR

 727$/



)XHQWH,1(&&HQVR(FRQyPLFR

  1Ã&#x2019;0(52 '( (67$%/(&,0,(1726 0$18)$&785$ < $57(6$1Ã&#x2039;$6 &20(5&,26(59,&,26 (VLPSUHVFLQGLEOHGHVWDFDUTXHODDFWLYLGDGFRPHUFLDOVHFRQFHQWUDHQODFDEHFHUDFDQWRQDO GHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH\HQDOJXQRVFHQWURVSREODGRVGHDFXHUGRDHVWDGtVWLFDVGHOFHQVR GHSREODFLyQ\YLYLHQGD,1(&VHFRQRFHTXHHOGHODSREODFLyQVHYLQFXODDO VHFWRUFRPHUFLDO\GHVHUYLFLRVHQJHQHUDO(OFXDGURQRVPXHVWUDTXHHQHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH H[LVWH XQ WRWDO GH  HVWDEOHFLPLHQWRV FRPHUFLDOHV TXH VDWLVIDFHQ ODV QHFHVLGDGHVGHODViUHDVYLQFXODGDVDPDQXIDFWXUDVFRPHUFLRVHUYLFLRVDJULFXOWXUDHWF (QHOPLVPRFRQWH[WRHOVHFWRUFRPHUFLR  \VHUYLFLRV  VREUHVDOHQFRQXQ PD\RU Q~PHUR GH HVWDEOHFLPLHQWRV (V SUHFLVR HYLGHQFLDU TXH OD DFWLYLGDG FRPHUFLDO GHO FDQWyQ WDPELpQ LQYROXFUD OD FRPSUDYHQWD GH SURGXFWRV DJURSHFXDULRV FRPR DUUR] PDt] IUXWDVERYLQRVDYHVHQFHQWURVGHDFRSLRSHODGRUDVPHUFDGRVIHULDVTXHVHUHDOL]DQHQ ODFDEHFHUDFDQWRQDORHQRWUDVORFDOLGDGHVGHSHQGLHQGRGHODGLQiPLFDFRPHUFLDO &8$'52$FWLYLGDGHVFRPHUFLDOHVSRUVHFWRUHVSURGXFWLYRV±5RFDIXHUWH 

 0DQX $FWLYLGDG IDFWXUD $JULFXOWXUDJDQDGHUtDFD]D\ &RQH[DV   (ODERUDFLyQGHSURGXFWRVDOLPHQWLFLRV  (ODERUDFLyQGH   )DEULFDFLyQGHSURGXFWRVWH[WLOHV  )DEULFDFLyQGHSUHQGDVGHYHVWLU  3URGXFFLyQGHPDGHUD\IDEULFDFLyQ PDGHUD\FRUFKRH[FHSWRPXHEOHV $UWtFXORVGHSDMD\GHPDWHULDOHV  )DEULFDFLyQGHPHWDOHVFRPXQHV  )DEULFDFLyQGHSURGXFWRVHODERUDGRV 0DTXLQDULD\HTXLSR  )DEULFDFLyQGH   2WUDVLQGXVWULDVPDQXIDFWXUHUDV  6XPLQLVWURGHHOHFWULFLGDGJDVYDSRU $FRQGLFLRQDGR   &DSWDFLyQWUDWDPLHQWR\GLVWULEXFLyQGH  



&RPHU HLR

6HUYL FLRV

    

    

 

 

  

  

 

 

 2WURV 7RWDO                             

  Página192de395


 &RPHUFLRDOSRUPD\RU\DOSRUPHQRU 9HKtFXORVDXWRPRWRUHV\PRWRFLFOHWDV

 









&RPHUFLRDOSRUPD\RUH[FHSWRHOGH $XWRPRWRUHV\  PRWRFLFOHWDV &RPHUFLRDOSRUPHQRUH[FHSWRHOGH



$XWRPRWRUHV\ PRWRFLFOHWDV











7UDQVSRUWHSRUYtDWHUUHVWUH\SRU WXEHUtDV











$OPDFHQDPLHQWR\DFWLYLGDGHVGH DSR\RDOWUDQVSRUWH











$FWLYLGDGHVGH DORMDPLHQWR













6HUYLFLRGHDOLPHQWR  \EHELGD















  

  







 





 

$FWLYLGDGHVGH     SXEOLFDFLyQ 7HOHFRPXQLFDFLRQHV    $FWLYLGDGHV     $FWLYLGDGHVMXUtGLFDV\GHFRQWDELOLGDG    2WUDVDFWLYLGDGHV &LHQWtILFDV\    SURIHVLRQDOHV WpFQLFDV $FWLYLGDGHVDGPLQLVWUDWLYDV\GHDSR\R $FWLYLGDGHVGHDSR\RDODVHPSUHVDV    $GPLQLVWUDFLyQS~EOLFD\GHIHQVD 6RFLDOGHDILOLDFLyQ     (QVHxDQ]D     $FWLYLGDGHVGHDWHQFLyQGHODVDOXG    $FWLYLGDGHVGHDWHQFLyQHQ    $FWLYLGDGHVGHDVLVWHQFLDVRFLDOVLQ    DORMDPLHQWR $FWLYLGDGHVGHELEOLRWHFDVDUFKLYRV $FWLYLGDGHV     $FWLYLGDGHVGHMXHFRVGHD]DU\    DSXHVWDV $FWLYLGDGHV 'HHVSDUFLPLHQWR\    GHSRUWLYDV UHFUHDWLYDV $FWLYLGDGHVGH     DVRFLDFLRQHV 5HSDUDFLyQGHFRPSXWDGRUHV\GH (QVHUHVGRPpVWLFRV    2WUDVDFWLYLGDGHVGHVHUYLFLRV    7RWDO    )XHQWH,1(&&HQVR(FRQyPLFR 

    

 

 

     

















  



  

&RPR SDUWH GH OD GLQiPLFD ORFDO VH SXHGH GHVWDFDU TXH DXQTXH HQ OD FDEHFHUD FDQWRQDO VH HQFXHQWUDQORVSULQFLSDOHVHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVFRPHUFLDOHVODUHDOLGDG QRV GHPXHVWUD TXHpVWRV QRSRGUtDQFRQVHUYDUVHDFWLYRV UHQWDEOHV VLQRH[LVWLHUDODDFWLYLGDGDJUtFRODGLQDPL]DGDSRU

  Pรกgina193de395


 ORV SHTXHxRV \ PHGLDQRV DJULFXOWRUHV HOORV HQ ORV GtDV GH IHULD ILQ GH VHPDQD  YLVLWDQ ORV PHUFDGRV GRQGH YHQGHQ VXV SURGXFWRV \ VH DEDVWHFHQ GH OR TXH QHFHVLWDQ DUWtFXORV GH SULPHUDQHFHVLGDGKHUUDPLHQWDVLQVXPRVDJUtFRODVURSDHOHFWURGRPpVWLFRVHQWUHRWURV HQ HVWHFDVRHOFUHFLPLHQWRGHORVQ~FOHRVSREODFLRQDOHVFRPRODFDEHFHUDFDQWRQDOGHSHQGHHQ JUDQPHGLGDGHOp[LWRRIUDFDVRGHODDFWLYLGDGDJURSHFXDULD &RQ EDVH DO &HQVR 3URGXFWLYR  UHDOL]DGR SRU HO *$' 5RFDIXHUWH ODV SULQFLSDOHV DFWLYLGDGHVDUWHVDQDOHVVHUHODFLRQDQFRQODHODERUDFLyQGHGXOFHV UHSRVWHUtD DUWHVDQtDV HQ WDJXD PXHEOHV GH PDGHUD \ ROODV GH EDUUR (Q HO FXDGUR 1R  VH HVWDEOHFHQ HO Q~PHUR GH IDPLOLDV TXH VH GHGLFDQ D HVWDV DFWLYLGDGHV \ PiV GHWDOOHV UHODFLRQDVHV FRQ RULJHQGHODPDWHULDSULPDFRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ\SUREOHPDVGHODVDFWLYLGDGHV

 &8$'521R(VWDEOHFLPLHQWRVGHFRPHUFLRVDUWHVDQDOHVUHSUHVHQWDWLYRVHQ HO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH '8/&(6 5(3267(5,$  *UXSRVGH SHUVRQDVTXH ODERUDQ +RPEUHV PXMHUHV

1R'HWDOOHUHV

\



2ULJHQGHOD &RPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ PDWHULDSULPD

3ULQFLSDOHV SUREOHPDV

&HQWURV GH 'LUHFWD H 2UJDQL]DFLyQ DEDVWRV GH LQGLUHFWD HQ $FFHVRDOFUpGLWR 5RFDIXHUWH \ PHUFDGRV 3RUWRYLHMR SURYLQFLDOHV \ QDFLRQDOHV

$57(6$1,$6(17$*8$ -yYHQHV KRPEUHV PXMHUHV

\



0DQWD \ FRPXQLGDGHV GH ERVTXHV K~PHGRV GH 0DQDEt

'LUHFWD \ D WUDYpV GH LQWHUPHGLDULRV D QLYHO QDFLRQDO H LQWHUQDFLRQDO

0DTXLQDULDV DFFHVR DO FUpGLWR LGHQWLILFDFLyQ GH QXHYRV QLFKRV GH PHUFDGR

08(%/(6'(0$'(5$ +RPEUHV MyYHQHV

\



'HSyVLWRV GH 9HQWDGLUHFWDHQ $FFHVR DO FUpGLWR H PDGHUD FDUUHWHUDV \ FRQ LGHQWLILFDFLyQ GH SURYLQFLDOHV LQWHUPHGLDULRV PHUFDGRV

2//$6'(%$552

  Pรกgina194de395


 0XMHUHV DGXOWRV PD\RUHV

\



$UFLOODV GH OD 9HQWDGLUHFWDHQ $FFHVRDFUpGLWRV ]RQD FDUUHWHUDV

)XHQWH&HQVR3URGXFWLYR&DQWRQDO±*$'5RFDIXHUWH  'H DFXHUGR DO FHQVR WXUtVWLFR TXH VH KD IRUPXODGR HQ HO DxR  SRU SDUWH GHO *$' 5RFDIXHUWHHQHO&XDGURVLJXLHQWHVHUHVXPHHOQ~PHURGHHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVTXHRIUHFHQ VHUYLFLRVGHFRPLGDEHELGDVUHFUHDFLyQ\GLVWUDFFLyQ &8$'52 1R  1~PHUR GH (VWDEOHFLPLHQWRV TXH RIUHFHQ VHUYLFLRV GH FRPLGD EHELGDVUHFUHDFLyQ\GLVWUDFFLyQ 7,32'(6(59,&,2

12'( (67$%/(&,0,(172

120(6$<2 +$%,7$&,Ã&#x2018;1

3(5621$/ 2&83$'2

5HVWDXUDQWH







)XHQWHVGHVRGD







%DU







'LVFRWHFDV







6DODV GH %DLOH \ DFWRVVRFLDOHV







+RVWDOHV







+RVWDOHV UHFUHDFLyQ

\



KDELWDFLRQHV PHVDV



0RWHOHV







&HQWURV GH SLVFLQDV \UHVWDXUDQW







)XHQWH&HQVR7XUtVWLFR±*$'5RFDIXHUWH

       Página195de395


  )$&725(6352'8&7,926   &$5$&7(5,=$&,ร1'(/862'(/$7,(55$ /RV GLIHUHQWHV WLSRV GH XQLGDGHV GH FREHUWXUD GH OD WLHUUD VH RUGHQDQ \ DJUXSDQ HQ XQD FODVLILFDFLyQ PiV JHQHUDO HQ EDVH D FDUDFWHUtVWLFDV FRPXQHV GH HVWDV XQLGDGHV FRQVWLWX\pQGRVHHQXQDFDWHJRUtDGHXVRGHODWLHUUD(QHVWHFDVRVLHPSUHQRVUHIHULUHPRV FRPRยณ8VRยด

 /DV GLIHUHQWHV FDWHJRUtDV GH XVR GH OD WLHUUD GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH HVWDEOHFHQ HQ HO &XDGUR  \ HV PX\ LPSRUWDQWH DQDOL]DU \ GHVFULELU ODV FDWHJRUtDV GH XVR SURGXFLGDV SRU OD LQWHUYHQFLyQ KXPDQD 6H SUHVHQWD SDUD HOOR HO FXDGUR GH VXSHUILFLHV GH XVR \ XQ JUiILFRGHSRUFHQWDMHGHODVPLVPDV9HU*UiILFR

 &8$'521R6XSHUILFLHGH8VRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH 

862

$*5,&2/$ $*523(&8$5,20,;72 $*8$ $17523,&2 &216(59$&,21\352'8&&,21 &216(59$&,21\3527(&&,21 3(&8$5,2 3527(&&,212352'8&&,21 727$/

)XHQWH&/,56(1

$5($ KD

        

325&(17$-(  

        

 *5รˆ),&26XSHUILFLHGH8VRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 )XHQWH&/,56(1

  Pรกgina196de395




 6XVWHQWDGRVHQHO&XDGURSRGHPRVPDQLIHVWDUTXHH[LVWHQRFKRFDWHJRUtDVGHXVR ODVPLVPDVTXHVHHQFXHQWUDQGHVFULWDVVHJXLGDPHQWHGHDFXHUGRDVXVXSHUILFLHFXELHUWD

  862$*5ร‹&2/$ (OXVRDJUtFRODHVPX\YDULDGRGHQWURGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHFXHQWD~QLFDPHQWHFRQXQD HVWDFLyQ PHWHRUROyJLFD XELFDGD HQ OD SDUWH FHQWUDO OD PLVPD TXH UHJLVWUD XQD SUHFLSLWDFLyQ SURPHGLR DQXDO GH  PP 6LQ HPEDUJR VH KDQ FRQVLGHUDGR WUHV HVWDFLRQHVDGLFLRQDOHVFHUFDQDVDOFDQWyQWDOHVHOFDVRGHODVHVWDFLRQHVSULQFLSDOHV 5LR &KLFR 3HFKLFKH 3RUWRYLHMR \ 3RUWRYLHMR $HURSXHUWR ORFDOL]DGDV KDFLD HO VXU GHO FDQWyQ ODV PLVPDV TXH SUHVHQWDQ YDORUHV GH SUHFLSLWDFLyQ GH  PP  PP \ PPHQVXRUGHQ  (V DVt TXH ODV ]RQDV DJUtFRODV VH FRQFHQWUDQ PD\RULWDULDPHQWH HQ HO VHFWRU RHVWH GHO FDQWyQWDQWRHQODSDUWHFHQWUDOFRPRHQHOQRUWH\HQHOVXUGHGLFKRVHFWRU$OLJXDOTXH HQHOVHFWRURHVWHVHHQFXHQWUDQQXPHURVDVVXSHUILFLHVDJUtFRODVHQHOVHFWRUHVWHGHO FDQWyQWDQWRHQHOFHQWURQRUWH\VXUGHOVHFWRUHQFXHVWLyQ/DGLIHUHQFLDUDGLFDHQTXH OD FRQFHQWUDFLyQ DJUR SURGXFWLYD HV PD\RU HQ HO VHFWRU RHVWH /RV SULQFLSDOHV FXOWLYRV TXH VH VLHPEUDQ HQ HO FDQWyQ VRQ PDt] DUUR] FDFDR FRFR SOiWDQR KDED SDOODU EDQDQRFHEROODSHUODKLJXHULOODDOJRGyQ\ORVFRUUHVSRQGLHQWHVDFLFORFRUWR SLPLHQWR YDLQLWDWRPDWHULxyQ]DSDOOR\PHOyQ   (OXVRDJUtFRODHQHOFDQWyQDEDUFDXQDVXSHUILFLHGHKDTXHUHSUHVHQWDQHO GHODH[WHQVLyQWRWDOGHOFDQWyQ

   862&216(59$&,ร1<3527(&&,ร1 (OXVR&RQVHUYDFLyQ\3URWHFFLyQWLHQHXQDH[WHQVLyQGHKDTXHUHSUHVHQWDQHO 6HGLVWULEX\HSUiFWLFDPHQWHSRUWRGRHOFDQWyQWDQWRHQODSDUWHFHQWUDOQRUWH VXUHVWH\RHVWHDSHQDVXQDIUDQMDXELFDGDHQWUHORVH[WUHPRVHVWH\RHVWHGHOFDQWyQ TXH VH H[WLHQGH GH QRUWH D VXU QR UHJLVWUD OD SUHVHQFLD GH HVWH XVR &DEH LQGLFDU TXH GHQWURGHOXVR&RQVHUYDFLyQ\3URWHFFLyQVHHQFXHQWUDQ%RVTXH VHFR0DWRUUDO6HFR 0DWRUUDO+~PHGR \9HJHWDFLyQ+HUEiFHDGH+XPHGDO  

   Pรกgina197de395


   862&216(59$&,ร1<352'8&&,ร1 (Q HVWH XVR VH LQFOX\HQ OD 9HJHWDFLyQ +HUEiFHD 6HFD PX\ DOWHUDGD \ OD 9HJHWDFLyQ +HUEiFHD +~PHGD PX\ DOWHUD ODV PLVPDV TXH FXEUHQ XQ iUHD GH  KD TXH HTXLYDOHQ DO   GH OD VXSHUILFLH WRWDO GHO FDQWyQ VH ORFDOL]D R VH GLVWULEX\H HQ HO H[WUHPRRHVWH\PD\RULWDULDPHQWHHQODVIUDQMDVVXSHULRUQRUWHHLQIHULRUVXU\VXUHVWH

   862$*523(&8$5,20,;72 (OXVRDJURSHFXDULRPL[WRVHHQFXHQWUDHQXQDVXSHUILFLHGHKDHTXLYDOHQWHV DO   \ HQJORED D ODV VLJXLHQWHV FREHUWXUDV 3DVWR &XOWLYDGR FRQ 3UHVHQFLD GH รˆUEROHV3DVWR&XOWLYDGRFRQ3UHVHQFLDGH0Dt]0LVFHOiQHR,QGLIHUHQFLDGR0LVFHOiQHR GH+RUWDOL]DV$VRFLDFLyQ&DFDR&RFR\$VRFLDFLyQ &HEROOD3HUOD1DUDQMD6HGLVWULEX\HSULQFLSDOPHQWHDORODUJRGHODIUDQMDVXUGHOFDQWyQ GHVGH HO H[WUHPR HVWH DO RHVWH $GHPiV VH XELFD WDPELpQ HQ ORV H[WUHPRV VXSHULRUHV WDQWRQRUHVWHFRPRQRURHVWH

   8623(&8$5,2 6HGLVWULEX\HHQVXSHUILFLHVQRPX\JUDQGHVKDFLDHORHVWHHQXQDHVWUHFKDIUDQMDTXH YD GH QRUWH D VXU \ KDFLD HO H[WUHPR VXUHVWH LQIHULRU 'HQWUR GH HVWH XVR FRQVWDQ ORV SDVWRVFXOWLYDGRVFRQILQHVJDQDGHURV6XVXSHUILFLHHVGHKDODVPLVPDVTXH UHSUHVHQWDQHOGHOFDQWyQ

   862$175ร3,&2 (OXVRDQWUySLFRFXEUHXQiUHDGHKDHTXLYDOHQWHVDOGHODVXSHUILFLHGHO FDQWyQ'HQWURGHOXVRDQWHVPHQFLRQDGRVHHQFXHQWUDQ&HQWURV 3REODGRV 8UEDQRV รˆUHDV HQ 3URFHVR GH 8UEDQL]DFLyQ &RPSOHMRV ,QGXVWULDOHV &RPSOHMRV 5HFUHDFLRQDOHV &HPHQWHULRV 3LVFLQDV GH 2[LGDFLyQ &DQWHUDV 3LODGRUDV \ *UDQMDV$YtFRODVORVFXDOHVVHGLVWULEX\HQSUiFWLFDPHQWHHQHOFHQWURGHOFDQWyQ9DOHOD SHQD PHQFLRQDU TXH XQD SHTXHxD VXSHUILFLH FRQVWLWX\H XQD GHOJDGD IUDQMD TXH YD GH QRUWHDVXUODPLVPDTXHVHXELFDKDFLDHORHVWHGHOFDQWyQ

   8623527(&&,ร12352'8&&,ร1 6HORFDOL]DHQSHTXHxDVH[WHQVLRQHV\HQIRUPDPX\GLVSHUVDHQORVH[WUHPRVQRUHVWH\ VXUHVWHRFXSDXQiUHDGHKDTXHHTXLYDOHQDOGHODVXSHUILFLHGHOFDQWyQ 'HQWUR GHO XVR 3URWHFFLyQ R 3URGXFFLyQ VH HQFXHQWUDQ ODV SODQWDFLRQHV IRUHVWDOHV GH

  Pรกgina198de395


 SDFKDFRWHFD\EDOVD&RQVWDDGHPiVODFDxDJXDGXDREDPE~VHDHVWDSODQWDGDROD TXHKDFUHFLGRHQIRUPDQDWXUDO

   862$*8$ 'HQWURGHOXVRDJXDFRQVWDQ/DJRV/DJXQDV5tRV'REOHV\$OEDUUDGDV5HVHUYRULRV6H GHVWDFDHOKXPHGDOXELFDGRHQ7DEDFDOHVKDFLDODSDUWHVXURHVWHGHOFDQWyQ(QFXDQWR D UtRV GREOHV VH GHVWDFD HO 5LR 3RUWRYLHMR TXH DWUDYLHVD GH QRUWH D VXU HO VHFWRU RHVWH 5RFDIXHUWH/DV$OEDUUDGDV5HVHUYRULRVVHORFDOL]DQSULQFLSDOPHQWHHQHOVHFWRUHVWHGHO FDQWyQODVPLVPDVTXHVRQPX\HVFDVDV\GLVSHUVDV(ODJXDFRQVWLWX\HXQHOHPHQWR YLWDOSDUDHOQRUPDOGHVDUUROORGHODDFWLYLGDGDJUtFROD\SHFXDULDGHOFDQWyQ

  

&$5$&7(5,=$&,ร1'(3$5&(/$6



(Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH OD PD\RUtD GH ODV SDUFHODV VRQ SHTXHxDV KDVWD  KD  \ FRUUHVSRQGHQ D ORV FXOWLYRV GH PDt] DUUR] KDED SDOODU FHEROOD SHUOD FXOWLYRV KRUWtFRODV HQWUHRWURVXELFiQGRVHGLVSHUVDPHQWHSRUWRGRHOFDQWyQ  (VWDVSDUFHODVFXEUHQXQiUHDGHKDTXHUHSUHVHQWDHOGHODVXSHUILFLH GHOFDQWyQ  /DVSDUFHODVPHGLDQDV PD\RUHVDKDKDVWDKD VHGLVWULEX\HQHQIRUPDGLVSHUVDSRU WRGR HO FDQWyQ \ HVWiQ RFXSDGDV SRU DOJRGyQ FDFDR SDVWR FXOWLYDGR SDVWR FXOWLYDGR FRQ SUHVHQFLD GH PDt] \ DVRFLDFLRQHV GH FXOWLYRV FRPR FDFDRFRFR &XEUHQ XQD H[WHQVLyQ GH KDTXHFRUUHVSRQGHQDOHQUHODFLyQDODVXSHUILFLHFDQWRQDO  /DV SDUFHODV JUDQGHV PD\RUHV D  KD SRVHHQ XQD VXSHUILFLH GH  KHFWiUHDV FRUUHVSRQGLHQWHV DO   6RQ HVFDVDV \ HVWiQ RFXSDGDV SRU SDVWR FXOWLYDGR FRQ SUHVHQFLDGHiUEROHV  (OWLSRGHSDUFHODGHQRPLQDGRยณ1RDSOLFDEOHยดHVWiFRQIRUPDGRSRUFXHUSRVGHDJXDiUHDV GHXVRDQWUySLFRGHFRQVHUYDFLyQ\SURWHFFLyQFRQVHUYDFLyQ\SURWHFFLyQRSHFXDULRTXH FXEUHQ XQD H[WHQVLyQ GH  KD    FRPR VH SXHGH DSUHFLDU HQ HO &XDGUR \*UiILFR 

   Pรกgina199de395


 &8$'526XSHUILFLH\SRUFHQWDMHGHWDPDxRGHSDUFHODVGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH 

7$0$f2'(3$5&(/$6'(/&$1721 325&(17$-( 7$0$f2  $5($ KD  3HTXHxDKDVWDKHFWiUHDV   0HGLDQD!KDVWD   *UDQGH!KHFWiUHDV   1RDSOLFDEOH    727$/   )XHQWH&/,56(1  *5รˆ),&27DPDxRGH3DUFHODVGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 )XHQWH&/,56(1 La distribuciรณn espacial del tamaรฑo de parcelas del Cantรณn Rocafuerte se puede observar en la Figura 2.3.14. ),*85$'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHODVSDUFHODVGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

 )XHQWH&/,56(1   Pรกgina200de395


 

6,67(0$6'(352'8&&,ร1'(/$*52

 &RQ EDVH DO SUR\HFWR *(1(5$&,21 '( *(2,1)250$&,21 3$5$ /$ *(67,21 '(/ 7(55,725,2$1,9(/1$&,21$/(6&$/$&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHMHFXWDGRSRU HO 0LQLVWHULR GH 'HIHQVD 1DFLRQDO \ HO 0LQLVWHULR GH $JULFXOWXUD *DQDGHUtD $FXDFXOWXUD \ 3HVFD  VHGHWHUPLQDURQORVVLVWHPDVSURGXFWLYRVGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVHXWLOL]DURQ FRPR LQVXPRV SULQFLSDOHV OD FDSD GH FREHUWXUD \ XVR GH OD WLHUUD \ HO OHYDQWDPLHQWR GH ILFKDVGHLQYHVWLJDFLyQGHFDPSRTXHVHHIHFWXyHQGRVIDVHVODSULPHUDGHODOGH VHSWLHPEUH \ OD VHJXQGD GHO  DO  GH RFWXEUH GHO  $GLFLRQDOPHQWH VH HPSOHR OD LQIRUPDFLyQ ELRItVLFD SDUD OD LGHQWLILFDFLyQ GH ]RQDV KRPRJpQHDV SDUD GHWHUPLQDU \ HVSHFLDOL]DUORVGLIHUHQWHVVLVWHPDVSURGXFWLYRVVHXWLOL]DURQORVUHVXOWDGRVREWHQLGRVHQHO 6LVWHPDGH$GPLQLVWUDFLyQGH'DWRV6$*  (OFDQWyQSRVHHXQDSREODFLyQWRWDOGHKDELWDQWHVGHODVFXDOHVHO  KDELWDQWHV  VH HQFXHQWUD HQ HO iUHD XUEDQD \ HO   HV GHFLU  KDELWDQWHV HVWiQHQHOiUHDUXUDO'HHVWDSREODFLyQUXUDOSHUVRQDVVRQODSREODFLyQRFXSDGDGH HVWH WRWDO     HVWiQ LQYROXFUDGDV GLUHFWDPHQWH FRQ HO VHFWRU GH OD DJULFXOWXUD JDQDGHUtD \ VLOYLFXOWXUD HVWRV VRQ ORV SULQFLSDOHV DFWRUHV GH ORV GLIHUHQWHV VLVWHPDV SURGXFWLYRV &HQVRGH3REODFLyQ\9LYLHQGD   /DHVWUXFWXUDSURGXFWLYDGHODJURHQOD3URYLQFLDGH0DQDEtVHJ~QHO,,,&HQVR 1DFLRQDO$JURSHFXDULRH[LVWHQ8QLGDGHVGH3URGXFFLyQ$JURSHFXDULDยฑ 83$V GHVGHDTXtHQDGHODQWHVHXWLOL]DUDHOWHUPLQR83$V FRQXQDVXSHUILFLHGH KDDOFODVLILFDUSRUWDPDxRVVHDSUHFLDTXHODVXQLGDGHVPHQRUHVDKDUHSUHVHQWDQHO FRPRVHREVHUYDHQHO&XDGUR  &8$'521~PHURGH83$VSRUUDQJRVSURYLQFLDGH0DQDEt 1~PHURGH 83$V 83$VVDKD  83$VGHDVKD  83$V!DKD    7RWDO   )XHQWH&HQVR$JURSHFXDULR (ODERUDFLyQ&/,56(1 7DPDxRGH83$V



1~PHURGH83$V            



  Pรกgina201de395


 (Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH FRQFHQWUDQ  83$V R VHD HO   HQ UHODFLyQ DO WRWDO SURYLQFLDO 83$V GHODVFXDOHVHOVRQPHQRUHVDKDHOFRUUHVSRQGHQ DOUDQJRGHDPHQRVGHKD\HODOUDQJRGHPiVGHKD &XDGUR   (Q OD UHODFLyQ FDQWyQ SURYLQFLD HQ ORV UDQJRV HVWDEOHFLGRV WLHQHQ HO VLJXLHQWH FRPSRUWDPLHQWR(Q83$VPHQRUHVDKDUHSUHVHQWDQHOGHOWRWDOGH83$VGHOD 3URYLQFLD  SDUD HO UDQJR GH  D ย”  KD \   SDUD HO UDQJR ย• D  KD &XDGUR    &8$'521~PHURGH83$VSRUUDQJRVFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH  7DPDxRGH83$V 



1~PHURGH83$V

1~PHURGH83$V 5HODFLyQ FDQWyQ3URYLQFLD 

83$VVDKD



  

83$VGHDVKD





 



83$VaDKD 7RWDO )XHQWH&HQVR$JURSHFXDULR (ODERUDFLyQ&/,56(1

 /DHVWUXFWXUDDJUDULDGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVHREVHUYDHQHOFXDGUR  &8$'521~PHURGH83$VSRUWDPDxR\VXSHUILFLHFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH  

1~PHURGH 6XSR KD

1~PHURGH 83$V   

7DPDxRGH83$V

1~PHUR GH 83$V

83$VVDKD





83$VGHDVKD



83$VaDKD



7RWDO   )XHQWH&HQVR$JURSHFXDULR (ODERUDFLyQ&/,56(1

6XSR 6XSR  

6XSHUILFLH SRU83$ KD83$ 































'HO DQiOLVLV GHO FXDGUR DQWHULRU VH GHVSUHQGH TXH ORV VLVWHPDV GH SURGXFFLyQ HVWiQ LGHQWLILFDGRV R UHODFLRQDGRV HVSHFLDOPHQWH FRQ ODV XQLGDGHV PHQRUHV D  KD TXH VRQ

  Pรกgina202de395


 GRPLQDQWHV\TXHUHSUHVHQWDQHOGHOQ~PHURGH83$VGHOFDQWyQHOQ~PHURGH83$V WDPELpQVRQLPSRUWDQWHVHQHOUDQJRGHDKDFRQXQDUHSUHVHQWDFLyQGHO



(QFDPELRVLREVHUYDPRVSRUHOODGRGHODVXSHUILFLHODV83$VDย”KDDEDUFDQHO GHODVXSHUILFLHWRWDOEDMR83$V KD ODVXSHUILFLHSURPHGLRSRU83$HQHVWHUDQJR HV GH  KD83$  OR TXH GHPXHVWUD TXH OD WLHUUD VH KDOOD FRQFHQWUDGD HQ SRFDV PDQRV &HQVR$JURSHFXDULR 



&$5$&7(5,=$&,ร1'(5,(*2

 (O&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHGLVSRQHGHKD  HQODVTXHVHKDLGHQWLILFDGRDOJ~Q VLVWHPDGHULHJRORFDOL]DGDVSULQFLSDOPHQWHHQODViUHDVGHVWLQDGDVDORVFXOWLYRVGHDUUR] FRFRWHURDVRFLDFLyQFDFDRFRFR\FXOWLYRVKRUWtFRODV  /D VXSHUILFLH GH  KD VH FXOWLYD VLQ TXH VH KD\D HYLGHQFLDGR OD LPSOHPHQWDFLyQ GH DOJ~QWLSRGHVLVWHPDGHULHJR  \DTXHODSURGXFFLyQDJUtFRODGH5RFDIXHUWHHVGH DXWRFRQVXPR HQ VX JUDQ PD\RUtD (V DVt TXH GHSHQGHQ GH ODV OOXYLDV SDUD REWHQHU VXV FRVHFKDV (O UHVWDQWH   FRQ XQD H[WHQVLyQ GH  KD GLVWULEXLGDV HQ WRGR HO FDQWyQ WLHQHQ OD &DWHJRUtD GH ยณ1R DSOLFDEOHยด \ FRUUHVSRQGHQ D RWURV XVRV FRPR FRQVHUYDFLyQ \ SURWHFFLyQ WLHUUDV LPSURGXFWLYDV H LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD DQWUySLFD 9HU &XDGUR   &8$'526XSHUILFLH\3RUFHQWDMHGHULHJRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH 5,(*2 $5($  KD

&215,(*2  12$3/,&$%/(  6,15,(*2  727$/  )XHQWH&/,56(1

325&(17$-( 

   



/D GLVWULEXFLyQ HVSDFLDO GH ULHJR GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH SXHGH REVHUYDU HQ OD )LJXUD           Pรกgina203de395


 

),*85$'LVWULEXFLyQHVSDFLDOGHODVSDUFHODVGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

)XHQWH&/,56(1 (QHOFXDGUR1RVHUHVXPHORVUHVXOWDGRVGHLQVSHFFLyQUHDOL]DGDHQORVFDQDOHV GHULHJRGUHQDMHFRPSXHUWDV\SXHQWHVTXHFRQIRUPDQHVWHWLSRGHLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDGHULHJR GLFKD LQVSHFFLyQ IXH HMHFXWDGD HQWUH WpFQLFRV GH 6(1$*8$ \ GHO *$' 5RFDIXHUWH \ SUHVHQWDHOHVWDGRDFWXDOGHORVFDQDOHVGHULHJRTXHVHXELFDQHQHOWHUULWRULRFDQWRQDO &8$'521R&DQDOHVGH5LHJRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH &RPXQLGDG

(O&HUULWR

1RPEUHGHO&DQDO5LR

(VWDGR$FWXDO

(O'LDEOR

&DQDOOOHQRGHPDOH]D\D]ROYDGR

/D9LUJHQ

&DQDOOOHQRGHPDOH]D

'UHQDMH&DQDO(O'LDEOR /DV-DJXDV

&DQDOOOHQRGHPDOH]D\D]ROYDGR &DQDOOOHQRGHPDOH]D\D]ROYDGR

*XD\DED

0XURGHSURWHFFLyQ *XD\DED&RUUHDJXD

1XHYD (VSHUDQ]D

/DV-DJXDV

*XDELWDO

(O&HLEDO

*XDELWDO

3XHQWH&RPSXHUWD 6HJXLPLHQWR*30\DUHDOL]RHVWXGLRV 3XHQWH3HDWRQDOTXHFRPXQLFDD1XHYD (VSHUDQ]DFRQ3XHUWR+LJXHUyQHVWi LQKDELOLWDGR 3XHQWHFRPSXHUWDFRODSVDSRUODH[LVWHQFLD GHODDQWHULRU &DQDOOOHQRGHPDOH]D

  Pรกgina204de395


 (O&HLEDO

&HLEDO*XDELWDO

(O&HLEDO

*XDELWDO

&DQDOOOHQRGHPDOH]D (OSXHQWHDOFDQWDULOODQRWLHQHSURWHFFLyQ

*XDELWDO0LQDGH2UR 0DUDYLOOD 0LQDGH2UR

$JXDV0XHUWDV

&DQDOOOHQRGHPDOH]D &DQDOOOHQRGHPDOH]D

3DVDMH0DUDYLOODV

1RVHWLHQHFRPSXHUWDV\VHUHTXLHUHVXELU ODFROXPQDGHDJXD

/RPDGH 7HQJXHO

0LQDGH2UR0DUDYLOODV

(OSXHQWHDOFDQWDULOODHVWiOOHQRGHPDOH]D

0DUDYLOOD

0DUDYLOOD

&DQDOOOHQRGHPDOH]D &RPSXHUWDKHFKDFRQSLHGUDHVFROOHUDVH HQFXHQWUDOOHQRGHPDOH]D 3URWHFFLyQFRQ0XURGH*DYLRQHVDJXDV DEDMRGHOSXHQWHFRPSXHUWDPDSUR[

0HVtDV

3URWHFFLyQOLPSLH]D\HOHYDFLyQGHPXURHQ FRRUGHQDGDV[\

/RV5tRV

(OHYDUPXURSURWHFFLyQFRQSLHGUDHVFROOHUD \UHFWLILFDFLyQGHOFDQDO ,QWHUVHFFLyQGHOFDQDO/DV 3HxDVFRQ(O&DQDO /LPSLH]DGH0DOH]D3URWHFFLyQPDSUR[ 0HVtDV 3RUWHUUHQRVGH)DPLOLD0HUROHYDQWDUHO PXURUHFWLILFDFLyQGHFDQDO\SURWHFFLyQ PDSUR[

5LR (O3XHEOLWR /DV3DPSDV /DV-DJXDV 6DQ(OR\ /D5HFWD 6DQ(OR\

(O3DVDMH

6HUHTXLHUHXQSXHQWHDQLYHOGHODFDUUHWHUD \DTXHHQHOOXJDUKD\DOFDQWDULOODV\HQHO LQYLHUQRFRODSVDQ [\ 

 &DQDOGH'UHQDMH (VWHUR2MRGH$JXD

/XJDUOOHQRGHDJXDWRGRHODxR )DOWDHQFDX]DPLHQWR 0XURDJXDVGHEDMRGHODFRPSXHUWD 0HQGR]DHVWiHQPX\PDODVFRQGLFLRQHVH LPSLGHODFLUFXODFLyQGHYHKtFXORV\ DQLPDOHV

5LR9LHMR

5LRFKLFRSUHVDGHULYDGRU +D\VRFDYDFLyQDODVDOLGDGHODSUHVDD (O3DVDMH DPERVODGRVGHOULRDJXDVDEDMR

(O3DVDMH

&DQDOHO3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODVFRPSXHUWD UHJXODGRUD(O3DVDMH

&RPSXHUWDUHJXODGRUD(O3DVDMHHVWi XELFDGDDOLQLFLRGHOFDQDOHO3DVDMHยฑ/DV 0DUDYLOODVDXQODGRGHODSUHVD(O3DVDMH

9DOGH]

&DQDO(O3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODVFRPSXHUWD 9DOGH]

$FXPXODFLyQGHSDOL]DGDVSUHVHQFLDGH SODQWDV

  Pรกgina205de395




7DEDFDOHV

&DQDO(O3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODVFRPSXHUWD 3UHVHQFLDGHPDOH]DVDORODUJRGHO UHJXODGRUDGH7DEDFDOHV FDQDO6RFDYDFLyQDPERVODGRDVDOLGDGHOD FDQDOVHFXQGDULRD3XHUWR FRPSXHUWD ORRU\ORV3RVLWRV  &DQDO(O3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODVFRPSXHUWD(O 6RFDYDFLyQ DPERV ODGR D VDOLGD GH OD 3DVDMH FRPSXHUWD3UHVHQFLDGHSODQWDV\PDOH]DD FDQDOVHFXQGDULRD ORODUJRGHOFDQDO 7DEDFDOHVYtDDOKRVSLWDO\ HO+RUFyQ 

3XHUWR/RRU 

(VWHSXHQWHHVWiEDMRHOQLYHOGHODYtD 3XHQWHDOFDQWDULOOD 5RFDIXHUWH3XHUWR/RRU7LHUUDV$PDULOODV\ XELFDGRHQODYtDDO&OXE HQpSRFDLQYHUQDOHODJXDSDVDVREUHHO GH6HSWLHPEUHSDUWHDOWD SXHQWHSURYRFDQGRODLQFRPXQLFDFLyQGHOD GH3XHUWR/RRU YtD

&DQDO(O3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODV

(O+RUFyQ(O &HLEDO

&DQDO(O3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODV

(O&HLEDO *XDELWDO

&DQDO(O3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODV

3XHQWHDOFDQWDULOODXELFDGRHQODYtD 5RFDIXHUWH3XHUWR/RRUFHUFDGHOPXURGH FRQWHQFLyQVREUHHOFDQDOGHULHJR(O 3DVDMH/DV0DUDYLOODV(VWHSXHQWHQR DEDVWHFHHOFDXGDOTXHSDVDSRUHOPLVPR HQpSRFDLQYHUQDOORTXHKDSURGXFLGR VRFDYDPLHQWRDDPERVODGRVGHOFDQDO\ GHVERUGDPLHQWRWDPELpQHVWDD]ROYDGR (VWHWUDPRVHHQFXHQWUDOOHQRGHPDOH]DV\ D]ROYDGR(QWRGRHOFDXFHGHOFDQDOVH HQFXHQWUDEDVXUDORFXDOWDSRQDORV SXHQWHVDOFDQWDULOODVLPSLGHHOOLEUHSDVRGH ODVDJXDV (VWHWUDPRVHHQFXHQWUDOOHQRGHPDOH]DV\ D]ROYDGR 7UDQVYHUVDO DOSXHQWH \ FDQDO VH HQFXHQWUDXQFDQDOVHFXQGDULRGRQGHH[LVWH XQDDOFDQWDULOODODPLVPDTXHHODJXDVHOD OOHYDFXDQGRHOFDXGDOHVPD\RU

*XDELWDO0LQD GH2UR

&DQDO(O3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODV

(VWHWUDPRVHHQFXHQWUDOOHQRGHPDOH]DV\ D]ROYDGR ([LVWH XQD FRPSXHUWD GRQGH VH XELFDQ VRODPHQWH WDEORQHV ([LVWH XQD FRPSXHUWD GRQGH VH XELFDQ VRODPHQWH WDEORQHV

9tD5RFDIXHUWH 6DQ(OR\ &KDUDSRWR

&DQDO(O3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODV

(VWHWUDPRVHHQFXHQWUDOOHQRGHPDOH]DV\ D]ROYDGR

/D5HFWD

&DQDO(O3DVDMH/DV 0DUDYLOODV

6RVRWH6DQ -RVpGHODV 3HxDV$XHQRV $LUHV

&DQDO,QDEURQFRGH KRUPLJyQ

(VWHWUDPRVHHQFXHQWUDOOHQRGHPDOH]DV SDMDWRWRUD\D]ROYDGRHOFDQDOOOHJDHQ FRQWUDSHQGLHQWH (VWHFDQDOGHULHJRHVGHKRUPLJyQYLHQH GHVGH6DQWD$QDSDVDSRU6RVRWH6DQ -RVpGHODV3HxDV%XHQRV$LUHVHO 3XHEOLWRSHURHVWiKDELOLWDGRKDVWD%XHQRV $LUHV

  Pรกgina206de395


 6RVRWH$GHQWUR 6RVRWH6DQ -RVpGHODV 3HxDVHO (RUFRQ

0HMtD6RVRWH %XHQRV$LUHV

&DQDOGHULHJR0HMtDHO +RUFyQ

(VWHFDQDOHVGHWLHUUDQDFHHQOD FRPSXHUWDGH0HMtDSDVDSRU6RVRWH $GHQWUROXHJRSDVDSRUHOFRPHGRU 0RQVHUUDWHHQ6RVRWHFRQWLQXDDVDQ-RVp GHODV3HxDV\OOHJDKDVWDHO+RUFyQ(VWi OOHQRGHPDOH]DVSDMDWRWRUDiUEROHV

(VWH FDQDO UHFRJH ODV DJXDVHVWiWLFDV\ ODV XWLOL]DGDVHQULHJRDORODUJRGHVXUHFRUULGR (V XQ FDQDO GH GUHQDMH TXH PHMRUD VXV DJXDVFXDQGRVHORDOLPHQWDHQ6RVRWHFRQ &DQDOGHGUHQDMH+LJXHUyQ ODVDJXDVGHOFDQDOGHULHJRDSHVDUGHQR GH3LFRD]D0HMtD6RVRWH VHU FDQDO SDUD ULHJR ORV DJULFXOWRUHV OR HO+RUFyQEXHQRVDLUHV XWLOL]DQ FRPR WDO 5HDOL]D XQD SULPHUD FDQDO0HVtDV GHVFDUJD HQ 6RVRWH \ RWUD HQ HO FDQDO 0HVtDV HO SXHQWH FRQVWUXLGR SRU OD H[FRRUSHFXDGRU WLHQH VXV FLPLHQWRV GHELOLWDGRV

)XHQWH,QVSHFFLyQGHLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDVGHULHJR*$'5RFDIXHUWH 

(Q ODV FRPXQLGDGHV GH OD ]RQD DOWD GHO FDQWyQ HQ YLUWXG GH GpILFLW GH DJXD SDUD ULHJR H[LVWHQ VLVWHPDV GH WUDVYDVHV GH DJXD KDVWD DOEDUUDGDV XELFDGDV HQ ODV FRPXQLGDGHV GH 6DQ 0LJXHO GH 7UHV &KDUFRV (O &DUGyQ /DV )ORUHV 'DQ]DUtQ \ 7LHUUD %RQLWD PLVPR TXH IXHURQFRQVWUXLGRVSRUHOH[)RQGRGH6ROLGDULGDGHQFRQYHQLRFRQHO*$'5RFDIXHUWH(Q ORV DFWXDOHV PRPHQWRV HVWRV VLVWHPDV UHTXLHUHQ PDQWHQLPLHQWR HQ ODV WXEHUtDV GH FRQGXFFLyQODVPLVPDVTXHVHHQFXHQWUDVREVWUXLGDV\FHUFHQDGDVSURGXFWRGHXQPDQHMR LQDGHFXDGRGHHVWHVLVWHPDGHDEDVWHFLPLHQWRGHDJXDSDUDULHJR ),*85$8ELFDFLyQGHLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDVSURGXFWLYDVGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH         )XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH

  Pรกgina207de395


 

3DUDVDWLVIDFHUODGHPDQGDGHDJXDSDUDULHJRHQOD]RQDDOWDGHOFDQWyQHO0LQLVWHULRGH $JULFXOWXUD *DQDGHUtD $FXDFXOWXUD \ 3HVFD KD FRQWUDWDGR OD FRQVWUXFFLyQ GH  PLFUR UHVHUYRULRV FRQ FDSDFLGDG GH  P FRQ VLVWHPDV GH ULHJR FRQ FLQWD SDUD FXOWLYRV GH PDt]\KRUWDOL]DV(VWRVPLFURUHVHUYRULRVFRQWDUDQFRQJHRPHPEUDQDGHPLFUDVSDUD HYLWDU OD ILOWUDFLyQ DO VXEVXHOR \ FRQ HOOR SpUGLGD GH YROXPHQ GH DJXD GH LJXDO PDQHUD FRQWDUDQFRQERPEDGHSXOJDGDV\+3FRQFRQH[LyQDVLVWHPDGHULHJRSRUJRWHRSDUD LUULJDU XQ DUUHD GH  P (Q ORV DFWXDOHV PRPHQWRV VH HQFXHQWUD HQ FRQVWUXFFLyQ HVWH VLVWHPDGHULHJRHOFXDODEDVWHFHUiD+DGHVXSHUILFLH

 

(48,3$0,(1726

(

,1)5$(6758&785$6

3$5$

$&7,9,'$'(6

352'8&7,9$6

 (QHOFXDGURVLJXLHQWHVHGRFXPHQWDQODVLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDV\HTXLSDPLHQWRVTXHIRUWDOHFHQOD DFWLYLGDG SURGXFWLYD FDQWRQDO ORV TXH VH UHILHUHQ D VLORV FHQWURV GH DFRSLR PHUFDGRV \ FDPDOHV &8$'521R(TXLSDPLHQWRHLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDSURGXFWLYDGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH &$0$/'(52&$)8(57( 2UJDQL]DFLyQTXH DGPLQLVWUD

8ELFDFLyQ

3UR\HFWR ILQDQFLDGR SRU

)DHQDPLHQWR PHQVXDO

&DGHQDGH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLy Q

*$'5RFDIXHUWH± 6HFFLyQGH 0HUFDGRV\ &DPDOHV















*$' 5RFDIXHUWH

ERYLQRV

0HUFDGRORFDO



6L

5RFDIXHUWH

6HHQFXHQWUD RSHUDWLYRRQR

SRUFLQRV 0HQVXDOHV

 0(5&$'26 2UJDQL]DFLyQTXH DGPLQLVWUD

8ELFDFLyQ

3UR\HFWR ILQDQFLDGR SRU

1R6H FRPHUFLDQWHV

&DGHQDGH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLy Q

*$'5RFDIXHUWH± 6HFFLyQGH 0HUFDGRV\ &DPDOHV













*$' 5RFDIXHUWH







&RQVXPRORFDO

1R DEDVWHFH HO Q~PHUR GH FRPHUFLDQWHV LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD

5RFDIXHUWH

6HHQFXHQWUD RSHUDWLYRRQR

  Página208de395


 GHWHULRUDGD *$'5RFDIXHUWH± 6HFFLyQGH 0HUFDGRV\ &DPDOHV











*$' 5RFDIXHUWH



&RQVXPRORFDO













*$' 5RFDIXHUWH



&RQVXPRORFDO

1RDEDVWHFHHO Q~PHURGH FRPHUFLDQWHV LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD GHWHULRUDGD













*$' 5RFDIXHUWH









&RQVXPRORFDO

6L

&DSDFLGDGGH SURGXFFLyQ

&DGHQDGH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLy Q

6HHQFXHQWUD RSHUDWLYRRQR

5RFDIXHUWH

*$'5RFDIXHUWH± 6HFFLyQGH 0HUFDGRV\ &DPDOHV

5RFDIXHUWH

*$'5RFDIXHUWH± 6HFFLyQGH 0HUFDGRV\ &DPDOHV

+LJXHUyQ

 1RDEDVWHFHHO Q~PHURGH FRPHUFLDQWHV LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD GHWHULRUDGD

 6(&$'25$6<3,/$'25$6'($552= 8ELFDFLyQ

2UJDQL]DFLyQTXH DGPLQLVWUD

$VR'H0RQWXELRV /RV(PSUHQGHGRUHV



$VR'H $JULFXOWRUHV-XDQ 3DORPLQR



5RGUtJXH]&HGHxR -XDQÃ&#x2C6;QJHO



3UR\HFWR ILQDQFLDGR SRU 

(O&HUULWR

0,(6



(O&HUHFLWR

5RFDIXHUWH

&$'(56± 0$*$3





KDGH 3URGXFFLyQ

,QWHUPHGLDULRV





+DGH 3URGXFFLyQ

,QWHUPHGLDULRV







3ULYDGR



,QWHUPHGLDULRV

 6L

 6L

 VL

 





5RGUtJXH]&HGHxR 5REHUWR

5RFDIXHUWH

%ULRQHV$OFtYDU 5XEpQ$OIUHGR



3ULYDGR



6DQ(OR\



3ULYDGR

 



,QWHUPHGLDULRV

 



,QWHUPHGLDULRV

6L

 VL

6(&$'25$<'(6*5$1$'25$'(0$,= 2UJDQL]DFLyQTXH DGPLQLVWUD

8ELFDFLyQ

3UR\HFWR ILQDQFLDGR SRU

&DSDFLGDGGH SURGXFFLyQ

&DGHQDGH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLy Q

6HHQFXHQWUD RSHUDWLYRRQR

  Página209de395


 $VR3DUDHO 'HVDUUROOR6RFLDO +RUQRGH3DQ

$VR0XOWLSOLFDGRUHV GH6HPLOODGH0Dt] 1XHYD(UD

%D]XUWR5RJHU





















+RUQRGH3DQ

,(36

KDGH 3URGXFFLyQ







'DQ]DUtQ

0$*$3

7LHUUD%RQLWD

3ULYDGR

,QWHUPHGLDULRV



VL

 (QIDVHSUH FRQWUDFWXDO

1RGHFODUDGR

,QWHUPHGLDULRV

6L

&(17526'($&23,2<(16,/$-( 2UJDQL]DFLyQTXH DGPLQLVWUD



8ELFDFLyQ

3UR\HFWR ILQDQFLDGR SRU

3DMD&RORUDGD

&$5(56 0$*$3

832&$0

&DSDFLGDGGH SURGXFFLyQ



&DGHQDGH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLy Q

6HHQFXHQWUD RSHUDWLYRRQR



1RIXQFLRQDQGR DXQHQ FRQVWUXFFLyQ

&DGHQDGH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLy Q

6HHQFXHQWUD RSHUDWLYRRQR

1RSURGXFHQQL FRPHUFLDOL]DQ

1RHVWiHQ IXQFLRQDPLHQWR

&DGHQDGH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLy Q

6HHQFXHQWUD RSHUDWLYRRQR

&RQVXPRORFDO

6L

&DGHQDGH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLy Q

6HHQFXHQWUD RSHUDWLYRRQR

352&(6$'25$6'(&$027(  2UJDQL]DFLyQTXH DGPLQLVWUD

$VR'H&DPRWHURV

8ELFDFLyQ

3UR\HFWR ILQDQFLDGR SRU

/DV)ORUHV

0,(6

&DSDFLGDGGH SURGXFFLyQ

1RGHFODUDGR

 352&(6$'25$'($/,0(1726 2UJDQL]DFLyQTXH DGPLQLVWUD

$VR$JUtFROD (VSHUDQ]DGHO 0DxDQD

8ELFDFLyQ

9DOGH]

3UR\HFWR ILQDQFLDGR SRU &$'(56 0$*$3

&DSDFLGDGGH SURGXFFLyQ

1RGHFODUDGR

 &21)(&&,Ã&#x2018;1'(35(1'$6'(9(67,5  2UJDQL]DFLyQTXH DGPLQLVWUD

$VR0DUtD7HUHVD &DUUHxR

8ELFDFLyQ

5HVEDOyQ

3UR\HFWR ILQDQFLDGR SRU ,(360,(6

&DSDFLGDGGH SURGXFFLyQ

1RGHFODUDGR

9HQWDORFDO

6L

)XHQWH&HQVR$JURSHFXDULR±*$'5RFDIXHUWH

   Página210de395


 

6(59,&,26$/$352'8&&,ร1

 (QHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHH[LVWHQLQVWLWXFLRQHVILQDQFLHUDVTXHVRQRUJDQL]DFLRQHVSULYDGDV TXH EULQGDQ VHUYLFLRV GH FUpGLWRV SDUD FRQVXPR \ SURGXFFLyQ HQWUH HVWDV FRQVWDQ OD &RRSHUDWLYD GH $KRUUR \ &UpGLWR &2$&0(6 \ OD &RRSHUDWLYD GH $KRUUD \ &UpGLWR GH OD &iPDUD GH &RPHUFLR /RFDO /DV ILQDOLGDGHV GH HVWDV DJHQFLDV HQ IDFLOLWDU FUpGLWRV SDUD FRQVXPRPLFURHPSUHVDFRPHUFLR\YLYLHQGD

 (Q HO FXDGUR  VH SXHGHQ REVHUYDU ODV LQVWLWXFLRQHV ILQDQFLHUDV TXH RSHUDQ HQ HO WHUULWRULR   &8$'521R,QVWLWXFLRQHVILQDQFLHUDVTXHRSHUDQHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH ,QVWLWXFLyQILQDQFLHUD

1R'HDJHQFLDV HQHOWHUULWRULR

3ULYDGDV

3XEOLFDV

&RQVXPR

0LFURHPSUHVD

&RPHUFLDO

9LYLHQGD

















;

;

;

;

;















;

;

;







&RRS$KRUUR\&UpGLWR &2$&0(6

&RRS$KRUUR\&UpGLWR &iPDUDGH&RPHUFLR /WGD



$JHQFLDGHO%DQFR 1DFLRQDOGH)RPHQWR











;

;

;



)XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH

 

 )250$6'(25*$1,=$&,ร1'(/2602'26'(352'8&&,ร1   25*$1,=$&,21(6352'8&7,9$6/2&$/(6 (QHOFXDGURVHSXHGHQREVHUYDUORVWLSRVGHRUJDQL]DFLyQFRPXQLWDULDTXHH[LVWHQ HQ HO WHUULWRULR \ TXH IRPHQWDQ OD SURGXFWLYLGDG ORFDO 6H REVHUYD TXH PXFKRV QR FXHQWDQ FRQ UHFRQRFLPLHQWR MXUtGLFR SRU OR TXH VH YHQ OLPLWDGRV D DSOLFDU OtQHDV GH FUpGLWR JXEHUQDPHQWDOHV\QRJXEHUQDPHQWDOHVDVtFRPRLQFHQWLYRVHVWDWDOHVSDUDODSURGXFFLyQ     Pรกgina211de395


 &8$'521R2UJDQL]DFLRQHVFRPXQLWDULDVTXHIRPHQWDQODSURGXFWLYLGDGORFDO ,167,78&,21

&2081,'$'

),1$/,'$' 352'8&7,9$

5(*,6752 /(*$/

:LQWRQ&HGHxR

35(6$62'(3(48(f26 75$%$-$'25(6 $*5,&2/$6=21$%$-$

52&$)8(57(

&XOWLYRGHDUUR]

)DXVWR$OFtYDU

832&$0

52&$)8(57(

35(6$62 $*523(&8$5,$/$,6/$

:LOWRQ0XxR]

$OEHUWR=DPEUDQR

5(35(6(17$17( /(*$/

5(*,6752 683(5,17(1 '(1&,$ (&323< 62/,'$5,$

1R 62&,26

$& 0$*$3

12



&XOWLYRGHPDt] KRUWDOL]DV DOPDFHQDPLHQWR\ FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQGH PDt]

6LSRVHHQR GHFODUR LQIRUPDFLyQ

12



52&$)8(57(

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]\ FLFORFRUWR

$& 0$*$3

12



35(6-817$'(*(67,21 <$'0,1,675$&,21³/$ 6,//$³

52&$)8(57(

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]\ KRUWDOL]DV

$& 0$*$3

12



35(6$62*$1$'(526

52&$)8(57(



$& 0$*$3

12



&DUPHQ&HGHxR

&20,7e3520(-25$6

(/+25&21

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]\ FLFORFRUWR

$& 0$*$3

12



&DUOLQD0DFtDV

35(6$62 $*523(&8$5,$(/&(,%$/

(/&(,%$/

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]\ FLFORFRUWR

$& 0$*$3

12



0LJXHO$OFtYDU$OFtYDU

$62$*523(&8$5,$/26 5,26

/265,26

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]\ FLFORFRUWR

$& 0$*$3

12



$62$*5,&2/$ $*5,&8/725(681,'26

38(572/225

1RGHFODUR

1RGHFODUR

12



35(6$62 $*5,&8$8/725(6

*8$%,7$/

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]

$& 0$*$3

12



+XJR*DUFtD3DODFLRV

$62$*523(&8$5,$/26 $/7,//26

/$&$/,)251,$

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]

$& 0$*$3

12



&ULVWyEDO=DPEUDQR

35(6$62'( 75$%$-$'25(6 $*5,&2/$6

9$/'(=

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]\ FLFORFRUWRSHUHQQHV GHOD]RQD

$&0,(6

12



35(6$62(63(5$1=$ '(/0$f$1$

9$/'(=

(ODERUDFLyQGH PHUPHODGDV\GXOFHV GHOHFKH

$& 0$*$3

12



35(6$62'( $*5,&8/725(6'( 2&78%5(

3$6$-(

1RGHFODUR LQIRUPDFLyQ

1RGHFODUR LQIRUPDFLyQ

12



35(6$620$7(5

5(6%$/21

&RQIHFFLyQGH SUHQGDVGHYHVWLU

$& ,(36

12



-RVp5DPyQ3RQFH

$62$*523(&8$5,$

5(6%$/21

&XOWLYRVGHFLFOR FRUWR\SHUHQQHVGH OD]RQD

$& 0$*$3

12



'LDQD$OFtYDU

&225',1$'25'(/$ &2081,'$'

6$1(/2<

1RGHFODUR

1RGHFODUR

12



&(1752$*5,&2/$

6$1(/2<

1RGHFODUR

$&

12



(PLOLR9HOiVTXH]

1LOLQWRQ&KLFKDQGD

0DULDQD)DUtDV

9pOH] $PDGR%LHQYHQLGR =DPEUDQR&HORULR 0DUWKD 6iQFKH]

6iQFKH]

6DQGUD9DOHQFLD

'XYHU

0HQGR]D

  Página212de395


 5(35(6(17$17( /(*$/

=DPEUDQR

&2081,'$'

),1$/,'$' 352'8&7,9$

&$1721$/

-RVp (GZLQ (VSLQR]D %UDYR  5RQDOG 0HGUDQGD

,167,78&,21

&DOGHUyQ

1pVWRU-DYLHU9LOOD $QFKXQGLD /XLV%ULRQHV

5(*,6752 /(*$/

5(*,6752 683(5,17(1 '(1&,$ (&323< 62/,'$5,$

1R 62&,26

0$*$3

&2081$

6$1$1'5(6

6HJXURVRFLDO FDPSHVLQR

$& 0$*$3

12







&XOWLYRVGHDUUR] PDt]\FLFORFRUWR

$& 0$*$3

12



$62$*5,&2/$0,1$'( 252

0,1$'(252

$62$*523(&8$5,$/$ *8$<$%$

/$*8$<$%$

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]\ FLFORFRUWR

$& 0$*$3

12



35(6$62 (035(1'('25(6

(/&(55,72

&XOWLYRGHDUUR] VHFDGRSLODGR\ FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ

$& 0,(6

6,



 )LOLEHUWR0RUHLUD

35(6$62&,$&,217252 '(252

(/&(55,72

1RGHFODUR

1RGHFODUR

12



-LPP\&DVWUR

35(6$*52$57(6$1$/ (/)587,//2

(/)587,//2

&XOWLYRGHDUUR]\ FLFORFRUWR

$& 0,352

12



$62&,$&,ร1'( $*5,&8/725(6

(/38(%/,72

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR] FLFORFRUWR\DERQRV RUJiQLFRV

$& 0$*$3

12



'HYRUD9DOHQFLD

35(6'(/$&2081$

+,*8(521

6HJXURVRFLDO FDPSHVLQR

$& 0$*$3

12



5DPLUR5H\QD5H\QD

$62$*523(&$85,$

+,*8(521

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR] PDt]\FLFORFRUWR

$& 0$*$3

12





&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]

(175$0,7(

12



7HREDOGR9pOH]

18(9$(5$ .OHEHU9DOHQFLD9

0DUtD,VDEHO)UDQFR

(VWXDUGR5LYDGHQHLUD

35(&25325$&,21'( $*5,&8/725(6'( +,*8(521

+,*8(521

$620878$ยณ025725,$ 38(572+,*8(521ยด

38(572 +,*8(521

6HUYLFLRVIXQHUDOHV GHD\XGDPXWXDSDUD VRFLRV

$& 0,(6

12



$62'(&$03(6,126

18(9$ (63(5$1=$

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]\ FLFORFRUWR

1RGHFODUR

12



18(9$(63(5$1=$ :LOVRQ0RUHLUD

$62$*5,&8/725(6

6$1-$&,172

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR]\ FLFORFRUWR

$& 0$*$3

12



6L[WR7ULYLxR

35(6$62'( $*5,&8/725(6-8$1 3$/20,12

(/&(5(&,72

&XOWLYR DOPDFHQDPLHQWR\ FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQGH DUUR]

$& 0$*$3

6,



6LPyQ6ROyU]DQR

$62'($%5,/

/$63(f$6

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR] PDt]\SHUHQQHVGH OD]RQD

$& 0$*$3

12



(GLVRQ9DOHQFLD

$62'(7523,7$*8$

62627(

$UWHVDQtDVHQWDJXD

1RGHFODUR

12





  Pรกgina213de395


 ,167,78&,21

&2081,'$'

),1$/,'$' 352'8&7,9$

35(6'(/$&2081$

62627(

6HJXURVRFLDO FDPSHVLQR

$62$*523(&8$5,$/26 3$/0$5(6

62627(

7HREDOGR&DUUHxR

&20,7e585$/62627( $'(1752

.OHYHU&RYHxD9

5(35(6(17$17( /(*$/

3XEOLR5XL]

:LQWHU6DOWRV

(QULTXH&HORULR

5(*,6752 /(*$/

5(*,6752 683(5,17(1 '(1&,$ (&323< 62/,'$5,$

1R 62&,26

$& 0$*$3

12



&XOWLYRVGHDUUR] FLFORFRUWR\ SHUHQQHVGHOD]RQD

$& 0$*$3

12



62627( $'(1752

&XOWLYRVGHDUUR] FLFORFRUWR\ SHUHQQHV

(QWUDPLWH

12



$62$*523(&8$5,$'( -8/,2

6$15248(

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]\ PDQL

$& 0$*$3

12



$623(48(f26 75$%$-$'25(6 $*5,&2/$6

75(6&+$5&26

&XOWLYRGHPDt]\ KRUWDOL]DV

$& 0$*$3

12



,1$&7,9$ 1DQF\'HOJDGR

35(6$6352*$5

75(6&+$5&26 ยฑ/$6(&$

1RGHFODUR

1RGHFODUR

12



5HQiQ$OFtYDU

$623520$5

75(6&+$5&26

&XOWLYRVGH PDUDFX\i

$& 0$*$3

12



*ORULD3iUUDJD

&2081$

75(6&+$5&26

6HJXURVRFLDO FDPSHVLQR

$& 0$*$3

12



35(6$626$17$/8&,$

/$35,0$9(5$

1RGHFODUR

1RGHFODUR

12



$62'(6$552//262&,$/ /$35,0$9(5$

/$35,0$9(5$

&XOWLYRGHPDt] PDQL\OHJXPEUHV

$& 0,(6

12



35(6$62'( $*5,&8/725(6

'$1=$5,1

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]\ PDQu

$& 0$*$3

12



35(6$6281,ร1< 75$%$-2

'$1=$5,1

1RGHFODUR

$& 0,(6

12



%ROtYDU$QFKXQGLD

&2081$'$1=$5,1

'$1=$5,1

6HJXURVRFLDO FDPSHVLQR

$& 0$*$3

12



%ROtYDU$QFKXQGLD

35(6$62'( &(57,),&$'25(6'( 6(0,//$'(0$,=

'$1=$5,1

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]\ FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ

$& 0$*$3

6,



$QWRQLR+ROJXtQ

7,(55$%21,7$

7,(55$%21,7$

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]

(QWUDPLWH

12



3DVFDVLR+LGURYR

',5,*(17(

/$3$3$<$

&XOWLYRVGHPDt] PDUDFX\i\PDQR

1RGHFODUR

12



*HRYDQQ\$FRVWD

$62'($*5,&8/725(6

+2512'(3$1

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]\ FRPHUFLRGHPDt]\ PDQL

$& 0,(6

6,



%ROtYDU5RGUtJXH]

',5,*(17(

(/02<8<2

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]\ PDQL

1RWLHQHQ

12



$VRGH-XQLR

(/&(552

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]\ PDQL

$& 0$*$3

12



$VR3HTXHxRVWUDEDMDGRUHV DJURSHFXDULRV2MRGH$JXD

2-2'($*8$

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]\ PDQL

$& 0$*$3

12



*XLGR'HOJDGR,EDUUD %HUFHOLR,EDUUD

-RVp/OHUHQD

,VDEHO /OHUHQD

=DPEUDQR

(GLWD9HUJDUD

.OHYHU &REHxD

9HOiVTXH]

  Pรกgina214de395


 ,167,78&,21

5(35(6(17$17( /(*$/

&2081,'$'

),1$/,'$' 352'8&7,9$

5(*,6752 /(*$/

5(*,6752 683(5,17(1 '(1&,$ (&323< 62/,'$5,$

1R 62&,26

12



,1$&7,9$ -RVH=DPRUD$UWHDJD

$VR3HTXHxRV7UDEDMDGRUHV $JUtFRODV/DV)ORUHV

/$6)/25(6

3URFHVRGHKDULQDGH FDPRWHSODWDQR\XFD \PDt]

$& 0$*$3 ,1$&7,9$

-RVp$YLOD&DUYDMDO

*LRYHUWL 9HUJDUD

$VR$JURSHFXDULD/DV $UGLOODV

/$6$5',//$6

&XOWLYRVGHPDt]\ FLFORFRUWR

$& 0$*$3

12



&2081$

(%$12 $'(1752

6HJXURVRFLDO FDPSHVLQR

$& 0$*$3

12



12



9DUHOD

,1$&7,9$ <LP\5RPHUR

$62&,$&,ร1352'8&725(6< &20(5&,$/,=$'25(6'( '8/&(6$57(6$1$/(6'( 52&$)8(57(

52&$)8(57(



(ODERUDFLyQ\ FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQGH GXOFHV

(QWUiPLWH

 



7(1(1&,$'(/260(',26'(352'8&&,ร1<'(/$7,(55$

/DFRQGLFLyQMXUtGLFDGHODWLHUUDHQ5RFDIXHUWHSDUDOD]RQDEDMDLQGLFDGDHQORVVLJXLHQWHV FXDGURV H[SUHVD  TXH HO   WLHQH HVFULWXUD \ TXH HQ XQ  GH SURGXFWRUHV DUULHQGDQ OD WLHUUD PLHQWUDV TXH HQ OD ]RQD DOWD VROR  KD IRUPDOL]DGR OD WHQHQFLD \ PiVGHOFXOWLYDHQWHUUHQRVDUUHQGDGRVVHJ~QFHQVRUHDOL]DGRSRU0XQLFLSLRHQHODxR   &8$'521R7HQHQFLDGHODWLHUUDHQOD]RQDEDMDGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

=21$6

&2081,'$'(6

(6&5,785$

$55,(1'$

(6&5,785$<$55,(1'$

12(63(&,),&$

35(',26



35(',26



35(',26



35(',26



727$/



































































727$/





















)XHQWH&HQVR0XQLFLSLRGH5RFDIXHUWH 

  Pรกgina215de395


 &8$'521R7HQHQFLDGHODWLHUUDHQOD]RQDDOWDGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

=21$6

&2081,'$'(6

(6&5,785$

(6&5,785$<

$55,(1'$

$55,(1'$

12(63(&,),&$

35(',26



35(',26



35(',26



35(',26



727$/



































































727$/





















)XHQWH&HQVR0XQLFLSLRGH5RFDIXHUWH  *5รˆ),&27HQHQFLDGHODWLHUUD&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH



)XHQWH&HQVRPXQLFLSLRGH5RFDIXHUWH

  &$'(1$6352'8&7,9$6 /D SULQFLSDO DFWLYLGDG HFRQyPLFD GHO FDQWyQ HV OD DJULFXOWXUD WHQLHQGR FRPR SULQFLSDOHV FXOWLYRVDOPDt]SRUVHUHOTXHPD\RUH[WHQVLyQRFXSD\DODFHEROODSHUODSRUHOGHVSXQWH HFRQyPLFRTXHHVWiDOFDQ]DQGRHQORV~OWLPRVWLHPSRV(QORVFDQDOHVGHFRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ GH HVWRV GRV FXOWLYRV WDQWR HO PDt] FRPR OD FHEROOD SHUOD LQWHUYLHQHQ SURGXFWRUHV LQWHUPHGLDULRV \ FRQVXPLGRUHV DJHQWHV TXH FXPSOHQ XQ GREOH SURSyVLWR DO REWHQHU XQ EHQHILFLRSHUVRQDO\DJUHJDUOHYDORUDODSURGXFFLyQ

  

  Pรกgina216de395


 &$'(1$352'8&7,9$'(/&8/7,92'(0$Ã&#x2039;= (Q HO SDtV HO PDt] GXUR HV XQ FXOWLYR GH JUDQ LPSRUWDQFLD HFRQyPLFD \ VRFLDO SRU VX FRQWULEXFLyQHQODDOLPHQWDFLyQKXPDQD\SRUVXFUHFLHQWHGHPDQGDSDUDODHODERUDFLyQGH DOLPHQWRVEDODQFHDGRVGHFRQVXPRDQLPDOSULQFLSDOPHQWH  6LHQGR OD DJULFXOWXUD HO PD\RU FRPSRQHQWH GHO 3,% GHO (FXDGRU    \ OD &DGHQD GHO 0Dt]UHSUHVHQWDHOGHO3,%DJUtFRODHVHO~QLFRFXOWLYRFRQFREHUWXUDQDFLRQDOTXHFXEUH XQDVXSHUILFLHGHVLHPEUDDSUR[LPDGDGHPLOKHFWiUHDVGHODVFXDOHVODPLWDGHVPDt] DPDULOORGXURFULVWDOLQREDVHGHOD&DGHQDGHO0Dt]TXHHQVXJUDQPD\RUtDVHVLHPEUDHQ HO OLWRUDO HFXDWRULDQR PLHQWUDV TXHHO RWUR  HV PDt] GH DOWXUD GHVXEVLVWHQFLDSDUD XQ DOWRQ~PHURGHSHTXHxRVDJULFXOWRUHVFDUDFWHUL]DGRVSRUXQEDMRLQJUHVRHFRQyPLFR\TXH FRQVWLWX\HDGHPiVODEDVHGHODGLHWDGHODSREODFLyQUXUDODQGLQD  %DMR HO HQIRTXH GH FDGHQDV SURGXFWLYDV OD GHO PDt] GXUR FRPSUHQGH D ORV SURGXFWRUHV DJUtFRODVDODVLQGXVWULDVIDEULFDQWHVGHDOLPHQWRVEDODQFHDGRV\VQDFNV\DOVHFWRUDYtFROD (VWHFXOWLYRUHSUHVHQWDDOUHGHGRUGHOGHO3,%DJUtFRODQDFLRQDOFRQXQDLQYHUVLyQWRWDO HQODFDGHQDGHDOUHGHGRUGHQRYHFLHQWRVPLOORQHVGHGyODUHV(QHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHO FXOWLYRGHPDt]DEDUFDKDFHUFDGHOGHODWRWDOLGDGGHOFDQWyQHQUHODFLyQDVX VXSHUILFLHWRWDO *5Ã&#x2C6;),&2(VTXHPDGHOD&DGHQDGHOD$FWLYLGDG$JUtFROD±&XOWLYRGH0Dt]

 3DUD HO SURFHVR GH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ DJURSHFXDULD VH KDQ LGHQWLILFDGR FXDWUR IDVHV TXH VRQ SURGXFFLyQSURFHVDPLHQWRFRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ\FRQVXPLGRUHV

  Página217de395




/D IDVH GH SURGXFFLyQ HV HO SULPHU HVODEyQ GH OD FDGHQD \ HVWi FRQVWLWXLGR HQ VX JUDQ PD\RUtD SRU SHTXHxRV \ PHGLDQRV SURGXFWRUHV GH PDt] FRPR DSR\R D OD FDGHQD LQWHUYLHQHQORVSURYHHGRUHVGHLQVXPRV VHPLOODIHUWLOL]DQWHVDJURTXtPLFRVHWF \VHUYLFLRV GHWUDQVSRUWH  (QODIDVHGHSURFHVDPLHQWRH[LVWHQGRVFDVRVHQHOFDVRHOSURGXFWRUFRVHFKDHOPDt] HQ VHFR \D GHVJUDQDGR FRVHFKDGRUD PHFiQLFD R GHVJUDQDGRUD HVWDFLRQDULD HQ DOJXQRV FDVRV ORFRPHUFLDOL]DGHSHQGLHQGRGHOJUDGRGHKXPHGDGFRQHODHVWHSXHGH YDULDUVXYDORUDODYHQWD (Q HO FDVR GRV HO SURGXFWRU YHQGH WRGD OD FRVHFKD DO LQWHUPHGLDULR HO FXDO VH HQFDUJD GH WRGR HO SURFHVR GH FRVHFKD FRVHFKDGRUD PHFiQLFD R GHVJUDQDGRUD HVWDFLRQDULD  SDUD OXHJRGHVWLQDUHVWHSURGXFWRDORVFHQWURVGHDFRSLR  /DWHUFHUDIDVHHVODFRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQGRQGHHOLQWHUPHGLDULRMXHJDXQSDSHOLPSRUWDQWH DO PRPHQWR GH HIHFWXDU OD WUDQVDFFLyQ 3URGXFWRULQWHUPHGLDULR FHQWUR GH DFRSLR  TXH HQ JHQHUDOODUHDOL]DDQLYHOSURYLQFLDO5RFDIXHUWH-XQtQ3RUWRYLHMR  )LQDOPHQWH ORV FRQVXPLGRUHV FRQVWLWX\HQ OD FXDUWD IDVH SXHV VRQ ORV DJHQWHV TXH DVLJQDQYDORUDORVSURGXFWRVGHODFDGHQDDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHXQGHODSURGXFFLyQHV GHVWLQDGD D SURFHVRV LQGXVWULDOHV HODERUDFLyQ GH SURGXFWRV GH FRQVXPR KXPDQR R HODERUDFLyQGHEDODQFHDGRV HOUHVWDQWHHVGHVWLQDGRDJUDQMDVDYtFRODVGHOVHFWRU   6(*85,'$'<62%(5$1ร‹$$/,0(17$5,$ (O DQiOLVLV GHO WHMLGR VRFLDO HQ HO &DQWyQ QRV PXHVWUD DOJXQDV GHELOLGDGHV TXH GH DOJXQD PDQHUDVHUHIOHMDQHQTXHVLELHQHVFLHUWRODPD\RUtDGHORVSURGXFWRUHVTXHSDUWLFLSDURQHQ ODV DVDPEOHDV ]RQDOHV GHVWDFDQ OD LPSRUWDQFLD GH SHUWHQHFHU D XQD RUJDQL]DFLyQ VRFLDO R SURGXFWLYD GH OD LQIRUPDFLyQ OHYDQWDGD D QLYHO FDQWRQDO VH DQDOL]D TXH HQ VX PD\RUtD OD SREODFLyQ HFRQyPLFDPHQWH DFWLYD GHO VHFWRU DJURSHFXDULR QR SHUWHQHFH D HVWH WLSR GH DVRFLDFLRQHV\QRUHFLEHQEHQHILFLRVHVGHFLUVRORVHIDYRUHFHDORVVRFLRVDJUHPLDGRVPDV QRVHOOHJDDWRGRHOVHFWRUSURGXFWLYR

  Pรกgina218de395


 'H DFXHUGR D ORV DUFKLYRV GH OD 6HFFLyQ GH 'HVDUUROOR $JURSHFXDULR GHO *$' 5RFDIXHUWH H[LVWHQRUJDQL]DFLRQHVIRUPDOHVFRQYLGDMXUtGLFD\HQWUiPLWHGHHVWDOHJDOL]DFLyQ YHU FXDGUR  (VLPSRUWDQWHGHVWDFDUTXHOD]RQDDOWDGHOFDQWyQWLHQHXQVHULDOLPLWDFLyQGHDJXDSDUDULHJR HVWHKHFKRKDFHTXHODVDFWLYLGDGHVSURGXFWLYDVDJUtFRODVVHGHVDUUROOHQHQpSRFDVGHOOXYLD SRUORTXHVHOLPLWDDXQRVFXDWURDVHLVPHVHVDODxRHQHOPHMRUGHORVFDVRVRFXDQGRORV LQYLHUQRV VRQ DSWRV SDUD OD DFWLYLGDG DJUtFROD HVWR DGHPiV TXH HQ pSRFDV GH FRVHFKDV FRLQFLGHQFRQODVpSRFDVHQTXHH[LVWHXQDVREUHSURGXFFLyQGHORVSURGXFWRVTXHVHGDQHQ OD ]RQD HVWH KHFKR PDUFD XQ FLFOR GH GHVPHMRUDPLHQWR GH ODV FRQGLFLRQHV VRFLDOHV GH OD SREODFLyQTXHKDELWDHQHVWD]RQDVLQFRQVLGHUDURWURVIDFWRUHVUHOHYDQWHVFRPRYtDVUXUDOHV VLQ PDQWHQLPLHQWR OLPLWDGR DFFHVR D FUpGLWRV IDOWD GH DVLVWHQFLD WpFQLFD \ WHFQROyJLFD HQWUH ORVSULQFLSDOHVTXHFRQVWLWX\HQVHULRVSUREOHPDVSDUDHOGHVDUUROORSURGXFWLYRFDQWRQDO 6HLGHQWLILFDQSRFRVHVSDFLRVGHDUWLFXODFLyQHQWUHHOVHFWRUS~EOLFR\SULYDGR/DDUWLFXODFLyQ HQWUH HO VHFWRU FLXGDGDQR RUJDQL]DGR \ OD 0XQLFLSDOLGDG VH PDQLILHVWD PHGLDQWHV FRQYHQLRV HVSHFtILFRV DFXHUGRV \ HVSDFLRV GH SDUWLFLSDFLyQ FLXGDGDQDV HVWDEOHFLGRV HQ ODV QRUPDWLYDV MXUtGLFDV 6HLGHQWLILFDQUHGHVGHHFRQRPtDSRSXODU\VROLGDULDDOUHGHGRUGHODVDFWLYLGDGHVDUWHVDQDOHV GHWDJXDGHUHSRVWHUtD\GHDUWtFXORVGHPDGHUDDGHPiVUHGHVHQODSURGXFFLyQDJURSHFXDULD HQSHTXHxDHVFDODTXHUHSUHVHQWDQODPD\RUtDGHODV83$6'HHVWDVODDUWHVDQtDSUHVHQWD SRWHQFLDOLGDGHVEDVWDQWHLPSRUWDQWHVSDUDJHQHUDUGHVDUUROORVRVWHQLGR (O *RELHUQR 0XQLFLSDO GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH D WUDYpV GHO รˆUHD GH 'HVDUUROOR $JURSHFXDULR &RRSHUDFLyQ,QWHUQDFLRQDO$PELHQWH\7XULVPRHVWiLQWHUYLQLHQGRHQHOIRPHQWRGHFUHDFLyQ GH UHGHV SURGXFWLYDV DVRFLDWLYDV TXH SHUPLWHQ HVWDEOHFHU UHVXOWDGRV SRVLWLYRV HQ OR TXH UHVSHFWD DO LQFUHPHQWR GH IXHQWHV GH HPSOHR H LQJUHVRV HFRQyPLFRV GH ODV IDPLOLDV SDUWLFLSDQWHV 8QRGHORVSUR\HFWRVPRGHORTXHVHHVWiOOHYDQGRHQODDFWXDOLGDGHVHOGH'HWHUPLQDFLyQGH ODV OtQHDV GH LQWHUYHQFLyQ SDUD IRUWDOHFHU OD DFWLYLGDG DUWHVDQDO GH OD SURGXFFLyQ GH GXOFHV HQ OD FDEHFHUD FDQWRQDO GH 5RFDIXHUWH HO PLVPR TXH VH HQFXHQWUD HQ IDVH GH GLDJQyVWLFR\KDVLGRDSR\DGRFRQHOILQDQFLDPLHQWRGHO0LQLVWHULRGH,QGXVWULDV\3URGXFWLYLGDG \WLHQHSRUREMHWLYRVORVVLJXLHQWHV     Pรกgina219de395


 9 ,GHQWLILFDFLyQGHSURGXFWRUHV\SURGXFWRV 9 ,GHQWLILFDFLyQGHSURFHVRV\VXESURFHVRVHQODSURGXFFLyQGHGXOFHVGH5RFDIXHUWH 9 ,GHQWLILFDFLyQGHSUREOHPiWLFDVH[LVWHQWHVHQORVSURFHVRVSURGXFWLYRV\HQVX FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ 9 'HWHUPLQDFLyQ\GLVHxRGHOtQHDVGHLQWHUYHQFLyQSDUDIRUWDOHFHUODDFWLYLGDGHQ 5RFDIXHUWH 9 3ULRUL]DFLyQGHOtQHDVGHLQWHUYHQFLyQ 9 (ODERUDFLyQGHSODQGHDFFLyQSDUDIRUWDOHFHUHOVHFWRUSURGXFWRUGHGXOFHV 3DUD DVHJXUDU OD 6HJXULGDG \ 6REHUDQtD $OLPHQWDULD ORFDO HO *$' 5RFDIXHUWH VH HQFXHQWUD WUDEDMDQGR OtQHDV GH DFFLyQ TXH GHEHQ VHU LPSOHPHQWDGDV FRQ EDVH D ODV SROtWLFDV DJUDULDV QDFLRQDOHVHQWUHHVWDVOtQHDVVHLQFOX\HQODVVLJXLHQWHV 9 &RQWDU FRQ DVLVWHQFLD WpFQLFD DJUR SURGXFWLYD HQ FRRUGLQDFLyQ \ FRQYHQLR FRQ XQLYHUVLGDGHVSURYLQFLDOHV\QDFLRQDOHV 9 ,PSOHPHQWDFLyQGHILQFDVLQWHJUDOHV

9 'RWDFLyQGHLQVXPRV\VHPLOODVFHUWLILFDGDVSDUDSHTXHxRVSURGXFWRUHV 9 5HJXODFLyQGHOXVRGHOVXHORFRQDSWLWXGHVDJURSHFXDULDV 9 )RUWDOHFHURUJDQL]DFLRQDOPHQWHDORVSURGXFWRUHVORFDOHV 

 ,1)5$(6758&785$ '( $32<2 $ /$ 352'8&&,ร1 (;,67(17( (1 (/ 7(55,725,2 ',6321,%,/,'$''(,1)5$(6758&785$/2&$/'($32<23$5$5,(*2 (O &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH DO HVWDU XELFDGR JHRJUiILFDPHQWH HQ OD ]RQD FHQWUR GH OD 3URYLQFLD HO GHVXWHUULWRULRIRUPDSDUWHGHORVYDOOHVGHO5tR3RUWRYLHMR\5tR&KLFRFRQVWLWX\pQGRVH HQ OD ]RQD EDMD GHO &DQWyQ (VWD ]RQD DO HVWDU LQIOXHQFLDGD SRU ODV FXHQFDV  ORV UtRV DQWHV PHQFLRQDGRV FXHQWD FRQ  YDULDV 5HSUHVDV \  &DQDOHV GH 5LHJR VRQ FRQGXFWRV DELHUWRV \ FDWHJRUL]DGRVFRPRSULPDULRV\VHFXQGDULRV(VWRVVLVWHPDVGH5LHJRVRQDGPLQLVWUDGRVSRU OD6HFUHWDULD1DFLRQDOGHO$JXDยฑ'HPDUFDFLyQ+LGURJUiILFD0DQDEt (QPDU]RGHODxRHQTXHVHFRQVWLWX\HOHJDOPHQWHPHGLDQWH$FXHUGR0LQLVWHULDO1R OD  -XQWD *HQHUDO GH 8VXDULRV GHO 6LVWHPD GH 5LHJR \ 'UHQDMH ยณ5RFDIXHUWHยด 6H HVWDEOHFHQ SDUiPHWURV SDUD OD WUDQVIHUHQFLD GH OD DGPLQLVWUDFLyQ RSHUDFLyQ \ PDQWHQLPLHQWR GH ORV

  Pรกgina220de395


 &DQDOHV\&RPSXHUWDVGHO6LVWHPDGH5LHJR5RFDIXHUWH(OPLVPRTXHVHKDOODHQFODYDGRHQ HOWHUFLRILQDOGHOYDOOHGHO5tR3RUWRYLHMRFRQPiVGH+D\DOUHGHGRUGHNLOyPHWURVGH FDQDOHVSULQFLSDOHV (O 6LVWHPD GH 5LHJR \ 'UHQDMH 5RFDIXHUWH HVWi XELFDGR HQ OD =RQD  GHO 9DOOH GHO 5tR 3RUWRYLHMR GHVGH (O &HLEDO GH 5RFDIXHUWH SRU DPERV PiUJHQHV KDVWD ODV *LOFHV ± &UXFLWD ± 3RUWRYLHMR\&KDUDSRWy (O 6LVWHPD GH 5LHJR \ 'UHQDMH ³5RFDIXHUWH´ HVWi FRQIRUPDGR SRU  -XQWDV 6HFWRULDOHV LGHQWLILFDGDVFDGDXQDSRUORVQRPEUHVGHORVFDQDOHVSRUORVVHEHQHILFLDQORVDJULFXOWRUHVGH VXUHVSHFWLYD]RQDGHQWURGHOWHUULWRULRFDQWRQDOVRQODVVLJXLHQWHV -XQWD6HFWRULDO1R³&DQDO0DUDYLOODV´VHLQLFLDHQODYDULDQWHGHO&DQDO³*XDELWDO´KDFLDOD ³<´ YtD&KDUDSRWyGRQGHVHELIXUFDKDFLDODL]TXLHUGDHOFDQDO$JXDV0XHUWDV+pFWRUÃ&#x2C6;ODYD\ 0LQDGH2UR\DODGHUHFKDFDQDO³/D5HFWD´SDUDOHORDODYtDTXHFRQGXFHKDFLD&KRQH -XQWD6HFWRULDO1R³&DQDO&HLEDO±*XDELWDO´LQLFLDHQODUHSUHVD³(O&HLEDO´KDVWDHOFDQDO *XDELWDO±&DOLIRUQLD\OXHJRVHGHVYtDSRUHOFDQDO$YLOpV±6DQ(OR\ -XQWD6HFWRULDO1R³&DQDO0HFtDV´(O&HLEDO/RV5tRV\-RVp$QWRQLR&DPSRVKDVWDOD FRPSXHUWD³(O3DOPDU´ -XQWD 6HFWRULDO 1R  ³&DQDO 0HVtDV ´ ³(O 3DOPDU´ FDQDO ³&HUHFLWR´ KDVWD ORV VLWLRV 6DQ -DFLQWR\OD*XD\DED -XQWD6HFWRULDO1R³&DQDO/D-DJXD±6DQ(OR\´LQLFLDHQODFRPSXHUWDGH³/D-DJXD´KDVWD HOSXHQWHFDUURVDEOHGHOVLWLR6DQ(OR\ -XQWD6HFWRULDO1R³&DQDOGHO'LDEOR´LQLFLDHQ³(O&HUULWR´\³&DQDO/D9LUJHQ´LQLFLDHQOD FRPSXHUWDGHOFDQDO(O'LDEOR -XQWD6HFWRULDO1R6HLQLFLDHQHO3XHQWHGH³6DQ(OR\´KDVWD³6DQ$QGUpV´\³3DVDGHUR´ 'HDTXtHQDGHODQWHHOWHUULWRULRSHUWHQHFHDO&DQWyQ6XFUH  

  Página221de395


 (QHOFXDGUR1RGHOSUHVHQWHGLDJQyVWLFRVHLGHQWLILFDQORVFDQDOHVGHULHJRFRQORV TXH FXHQWD HO FDQWyQ DVt FRPR VX HVWDGR DFWXDO 'HO PLVPR PRGR HQ HO FXDGUR  VH LGHQWLILFD OD LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD GH DSR\R D OD SURGXFFLyQ FRQ OD TXH VH FXHQWD WHUULWRULDOPHQWH OD PLVPD TXH VH UHODFLRQD FRQ OD LPSODQWDFLyQ GH PHUFDGRV GH DEDVWRV FDPDO VHFDGRUDV \ SLODGRUDVGHDUUR]VHFDGRUDVGHVJUDQDGRUDV\DOPDFHQDGRUDVGHPDt]HQWUHODVSULQFLSDOHV LQIUDHVWUXFWXUDV 

35(6(1&,$'(352<(&726(675$7e*,&261$&,21$/(6 'HO OLVWDGR QDFLRQDO GH SUR\HFWRV HVWUDWpJLFRV WHUULWRULDOPHQWH HQ VHQWLGR GH HVWH D RHVWH LQWHUFHSWD HO DFXHGXFWR TXH WUDVYDVDUD DJXD FUXGD GHVGH OD 5HSUHVD /D (VSHUDQ]D HQ HO &DQWyQ%ROtYDUKDVWDHO&RPSOHMR5HILQDGRU'HO3DFtILFRHQHO&DQWyQ0DQWD(VWHSUR\HFWRHQ VXIDVHGHFRQVWUXFFLyQKDSHUPLWLGRJHQHUDUPDQRGHREUDORFDODXQFRQVLGHUDEOHQ~PHURGH SHUVRQDV 8Q SUR\HFWR HPEOHPiWLFR QDFLRQDO OR HV WDPELpQ OD 5XWD GHO 6SRQG\OXV HVWD DUWHULD YLDO FUX]D LJXDOPHQWH HO  WHUULWRULR FDQWRQDO \ SHUPLWH GLIXQGLU ERQGDGHV JDVWURQyPLFDV \ SDLVDMtVWLFDVDTXLHQHVXWLOL]DQGLFKDYtDVREUHWRGRWXULVWDV\FRPHUFLDQWHVTXHGtDDGtD FLUFXODQHQWUHORVFDQWRQHV0DQWD3RUWRYLHMRยฑ5RFDIXHUWH\6XFUH 

0(5&$'2'(&$3,7$/(6<),1$1&,$&,ร1'(/$6,19(56,21(6 'H DFXHUGR DO&HQVR (FRQyPLFR ,1(&  HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH UHJLVWUDQ RSHUDFLRQHV GH FUpGLWR SRU VHFWRU SURGXFWLYR SRU HO SHULRGR  ยฑ  YHU FXDGUR 1R  (OWRWDOGHRSHUDFLRQHVGHFUpGLWRHVGH\HOPRQWRWRWDORWRUJDGRHVGH86'   (QHOJUiILFR1RVHYLVXDOL]DTXHHOGHHVWRVFUpGLWRVVHGHVWLQDDDFWLYLGDGHV GHFRPHUFLRDOSRUPD\RU\PHQRU\HQXQDOVHFWRUDJURSHFXDULR     

  Pรกgina222de395


 &8$'52 1R  2SHUDFLRQHV GH FUpGLWRV SRU VHFWRU SURGXFWLYR HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH SHULRGRยฑ  6(&725

02172

12 23(5$&,21(6

$&7,9,'$'(6352)(6,21$/(67(&1,&$6< $'0,1,675$7,9$6

















$*5,&8/785$ $/2-$0,(172<6(59,&,26'(&20,'$ &20(5&,2$/3250$<25<$/325 0(1255(3$5$&,21'(/269(+,&8/26 '(02725<'(/$60272&,&/(7$6 &216758&&,21





&2168020,&52&5(',72





(/$%25$&,21'(352'8&726 $/,0(17,&,26'(%(%,'$6<7$%$&2

























*$1$'(5,$<$1,0$/(6





,1)250$&,21<&2081,&$&,ร1





3(6&$ 352'8&&,21'(0$'(5$<)$%5,&$&,21 '(352'8&726'(0$'(5$









6(59,&,2662&,$/(6<'(6$/8'





6,/9,&8/785$





75$163257(<$/0$&(1$0,(172





9,9,(1'$<0,&52&5(',72









(175(7(1,0,(1725(&5($&,21<275$6 $&7,9,'$'(6'(6(59,&,26 )$%5,&$&,21'(0$48,1$5,$<(48,32 (48,32'(75$163257(08(%/(6( ,1'8675,$60$18)$&785(5$61&3 )$%5,&$&,21'(3$3(/<352'8&726'( 3$3(/ )$%5,&$&,21'(352'8&7260(7$/,&26 <120(7$/,&26 )$%5,&$&,21'(352'8&7267(;7,/(6 35(1'$6'(9(67,5)$%5,&$&,21'( &8(52<$57,&8/26'(&8(52

727$/ )XHQWH&HQVR(FRQyPLFR,1(&

      

  Pรกgina223de395


 *5รˆ),&21R2SHUDFLRQHVGHFUpGLWRSRUVHFWRUHVSURGXFWLYRVHQHO&DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH  ACTIVIDADESPROFESIONALES, TECNICASYADMINISTRATIVAS

1% 0%

0% 0%

0% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

6% 5%

AGRICULTURA

4%

31%

2% 1% ALOJAMIENTOYSERVICIOSDE COMIDA

4% 3%

COMERCIOALPORMAYORYAL PORMENOR;REPARACIONDE LOSVEHICULOSDEMOTORY DELASMOTOCICLETAS

7%

34%

CONSTRUCCION



)XHQWH&HQVR(FRQyPLFR,1(&

(QHOVLJXLHQWHFXDGURVHYLVXDOL]DQODVIXHQWHVGHFUpGLWRTXHH[LVWHQHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH UHTXLVLWRVTXHH[LJHQ\PRQWRVPi[LPRVTXHIDFXOWDQ &8$'521R)XHQWHVGHFUpGLWRHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH )8(17('(&5(',72 %$1&2638%/,&26 120%5('( /$ ,167,78&,ร1

%$1&2'( )20(172

ยข'ร1'( (67รˆ 8%,&$'2"

52&$)8(5 7( &(1752

5(48,6,72 648(+$< 48( &803/,5

*$5$17ร‹$ 648( (;,*(

021726 0ร‹1,026 < 0รˆ;,026

/,%5(7$'( $+25522 &8(17$ &255,(17 (

+,327(&$ 6 *$5$7(6 62/,'$5,2 6

0ร‹102  <0รˆ;,02 

7$6$ '( ,17(5e6

7$6$'( 02526,'$ '

%(1(),&,26 &203/(0(17$5, 2648(2)5(&(

812$ 75(6 $f26

%&

%&

3$*2'(/%212 '('(6$552//2 +80$12

 (1 $'(/$17 (

0(6(6 (1 $'(/$17 (

%&

%&

3$*2'(/%212 '('(6$552//2 +80$12

 (1 $'(/$17 (

0(6(6 (1 $'(/$17 (

%&

%&



3/$=26

&223(5$7,9$6'($+2552<&5(',72 &2$&0(6

52&$)8(5 7( &(1752

&8(17$'( $+2552

&รˆ0$5$'( &20(5&,2 '( 52&$)8(57(

52&$)8(5 7( &(1752

&8(17$'( $+2552

+,327(&$ 6 *$5$7(6 62/,'$5,2 6 +,327(&$ 6 *$5$7(6 62/,'$5,2 6

  Pรกgina224de395


 3(5621$63$57,&8/$5(6<(035(6$635,9$'$6 3(5621$6 3$57,&8/$5 (6

3(5621$6 3$57,&8/$5 (6± (035(6$6 35,9$'$6

52&$)8(5 7( &(1752

52&$)8(5 7( 3529,1&,$

326((5 1(*2&,26

352'8&72 5 $*5Ë&2/$

/(75$6 '( &$0%,2 &+(48(6

 (1 $'(/$17 (

0(6(1 $'(/$17 (

 0(168$ /



1,1*812

/(75$6 '( &$0%,2 &+(48(6

&È/&8/2 '( 021726 6(%$6$(1 (/180(52 '( +(&7$5($ 6 &8/7,9$'$ 6

0(6(6 (1 $'(/$17 (

6,



&2035$'(/$ 352'8&&,Ï1

3(5,2'2 '( (-(&8&,Ï 1'(/ 352<(&7 2

6,



$'(1'80$/26 3/$=26

3(5,2'2 '( (-(&8&,Ï 1'(/ 352<(&7 2

6,



$'(1'80$/26 3/$=26

,167,78&,21(6*8%(51$0(17$/(6 0,(6± 0$*$3 0,1785

0,%$148,72 &2'(302&

325729,(2

325729,(2

352<(&72 6

*$5$17,$ %$1&$5,$ 6(*8526

352<(&72 6

*$5$17,$ %$1&$5,$ 6(*8526

)XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH

+$67$ '(/ &2672 727$/ '(/ 352<(&7 2 +$67$ '(/ &2672 727$/ '(/ 352<(&7 2

/DVIXHQWHVGHFUpGLWRSDUDHOVHFWRUSURGXFWLYRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHWDOFRPRVHSUHVHQWD HQORVFXDGURVDQWHULRUHVHVWiQGHWHUPLQDGDVSRUODLQWHUYHQFLyQGHOVHFWRUS~EOLFR\SULYDGR UHSUHVHQWDGR SRU HO %DQFR 1DFLRQDO GH )RPHQWR &RRSHUDWLYDV GH $KRUUR \ &UpGLWR ,QWHUPHGLDULRV 3UHVWDPLVWDV 3DUWLFXODUHV &KXOTXHURV  ,QVWLWXFLRQHV 3~EOLFDV 0,(6,(36 0$*$3±&$'(560,1785 \)XQGDFLRQHVX21*V /DV IXHQWHV GH ILQDQFLDPLHQWR IRUPDOHV H[LJHQ UHTXLVLWRV FRPR FXHQWD FRUULHQWH OLEUHWD GH DKRUUR JDUDQWtDV WDOHV FRPR KLSRWHFDV \ JDUDQWtDV ORV PRQWRV SOD]RV WDVDV GH LQWHUpV \ EHQHILFLRVTXHGHWDOODPRVHQORVFXDGURVDQWHULRUHVYDQGHDFXHUGRDODVSROtWLFDVFUHGLWLFLDV GHFDGDXQDGHODVLQVWLWXFLRQHV /DVIXHQWHVGHILQDQFLDPLHQWRLQIRUPDOHVH[LJHQUHTXLVLWRV\JDUDQWtDVSRVHHUQHJRFLRVRVHU SURGXFWRUDJUtFRODGHPHGLDQDHVFDODORVPRQWRVSOD]RVWDVDVGHLQWHUpVYDQGHDFXHUGRDOD FDSDFLGDGGHSDJRGHORVGHXGRUHV )XHQWHVGHILQDQFLDPLHQWRFRPR,QVWLWXFLRQHVGHO(VWDGR\21*VH[LJHQFRPRUHTXLVLWRVHO SRVHHUXQSUR\HFWR\XQDRUJDQL]DFLyQDSDGULQDGRUDGHOPLVPR /DVLQVWLWXFLRQHVILQDQFLHUDVXELFDGDVHQHOWHUULWRULRVRQWUHV$JHQFLDGHO%DQFR1DFLRQDOGH )RPHQWR $JHQFLD GH OD &RRSHUDWLYD GH $KRUUR \ &UpGLWR &2$&0(6 $JHQFLD GH OD &RRSHUDWLYDGH$KRUUR\&UpGLWR&iPDUDGH&RPHUFLR5RFDIXHUWH/WGD

  Página225de395


 (QHOJUiILFR1RVHYLVXDOL]DTXHHOGHHVWRVFUpGLWRVVHGHVWLQDDDFWLYLGDGHV GHFRPHUFLRDOSRUPD\RU\PHQRU\HQXQDOVHFWRUDJURSHFXDULR  (Q HO FXDGUR  VH SXHGHQ REVHUYDU ORV SUR\HFWRV ILQDQFLDGRV D RUJDQL]DFLRQHV SURGXFWLYDVORFDOHVSRUHO0LQLVWHULRGH$JULFXOWXUD*DQDGHUtD$FXDFXOWXUD\3HVFDDWUDYpV GHO SUR\HFWR &$'(56 6H REVHUYD TXH VH EHQHILFLDGR D  SURGXFWRUHV DVRFLDGRV \ KD LQYHUWLGRXQPRQWRGH86'TXHFRUUHVSRQGHDOSHULRGRยฑ

 &8$'521R3UR\HFWRVGHLQYHUVLyQGHO0$*$3HQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH 120%5(6 '(/$6 25*$1,=$&, ร1(6

1ยž'( %(1(),&,$'26

02172 ,19(57,'2 '(/0$*$3 &$'(56

120%5('(/352<(&72

58%526

$62&,$&,21 -8$1 3$/20,12 08f2=





,03/(0(17$&,ร1'(/$ 3,/$'25$'($552='(/$ $62&,$&,ร1-8$13$/20,12

$552=

$62&,$&,ร1 /$-$*8$





)257$/(&,0,(172'(/$ 352'8&&,ร1&26(&+$<3267 &26(&+$

$552=

$62&,$&,ร1 $*52 $57(6$1$/ (/)587,//2





)257$/(&,0,(172'(/$ 352'8&&,ร1&26(&+$3267 &26(&+$<&20(5&,$/,=$&,ร1 '(/$552=

$552=

(63(5$1=$ '(/0$f$1$





352'8&&,ร1< &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร1'(+$5,1$ '(3/รˆ7$12

0(50(/$ '$6 3/$7$12





,03/(0(17$&,ร‘1'(81 &(1752'(5(&(3&,ร‘1 6(&$'2</,03,(=$'(0$,=

0Dt]





,03/(0(17$&,ร‘1'(&(1752 &$1721$/'(5(&(3&,ร‘1 6(&$'2/,03,(=$< $/0$&(1$0,(172'(0$,=

0Dt]









$62&,$&,ร1 $*523(&8$5 ,$18(9$ *(1(5$&,ร1 81,ร1 3529,1&,$/ '( 25*$1,=$&,2 1(6 &$03(6,1$ '(0$1$%ร‹ 832&$0



)XHQWH2ILFLQD7pFQLFD0$*$3ยฑ5RFDIXHUWH

)/8-26),6&$/(6 'HDFXHUGRDUHSRUWHVGHO6HUYLFLRGH5HQWDV,QWHUQDVHQHOVLJXLHQWHFXDGURVHHVSHFLILFDQOD UHFDXGDFLyQGHLPSXHVWRVSRUORVFRQFHSWRVGHWDOODGRVHQHOFXDGURFRUUHVSRQGLHQWHV DORVDxRV\ 

  Pรกgina226de395


 &8$'521R5HFDXGDFLyQGHLPSXHVWRVUHSRUWDGDSRUHO65, IMPUESTOS

2010

2011

'(&/$5$&,21(6,5(17$

2012 

,&(,03257$&,21(6&$(



,03$0%,(17$/&217$0,1$&,219(+,&8/$5 ,038(672$/269(+,&8/2602725,=$'26,17(5126 ,038(672$/269(+,&8/2602725,=$'26,17(5126









   

,038(672$0%,(17$/&217$0,1$&,219(+,&8/$5 

,17(5(6(6325025$75,%87$5,$&$(



,17(5(6(6325025$75,%87$5,26



,9$(;7(512





 

,9$6(0(675$/



08/7$6$1(;26'('(&/$5$&,21(6,9$





08/7$6325&2175$9(1&,21(6

 

 

 

 

08/7$675,%87$5,$6 08/75,% 

 

27526,1*5(626

 



5(*,0(1,0326,7,926,03/,),&$'25,6( 

5(17$3(5621$61$785$/(6





5(17$62&,('$'(6





75$16)(5(1&,$'('20,1,29(+,&8/26 75$16'20

727$/

 



             

 

5(7(1&,21(6(1/$)8(17(





 

5(17$$17,&,326



 



08/7$658&

5(*,0(1,0326,7,926,03/,),&$'2





 

08/7$632520,6,'$''($1(;26

08/7$675,%87$5,$6





 

08/7$61275,%87$5,$6

08/7$632535(6(17$&,ร17$5'ร‹$$1(;26

 

,9$,03257$&,21(6 ,9$,032 

08/7$6325)$/7$65(*/$0(17$5,$





,17(5(6325025$75,%87$5,$ ,17025$75,% 

,9$0(168$/

2013

  



 

 

    



   

(Q HO FXDGUR  VH LOXVWUDQ OD UHFDXGDFLyQ GH LPSXHVWRV ORFDOHV HIHFWXDGD SRU HO *$' 5RFDIXHUWHFRUUHVSRQGLHQWHVDORVDxRV\ 

  Pรกgina227de395


 &8$'521R5HFDXGDFLyQGHLPSXHVWRVHMHFXWDGDSRUHO*$'5RFDIXHUWH $f26 &21&(372













KDVWDDJRVWR

3URPHGLR 

,PSXHVWRDORVSUHGLRV XUEDQRV















,PSXHVWRDORVSUHGLRV U~VWLFRV















,PSXHVWRGHDOFDEDOD















,PSXHVWRDORVDFWLYRV WRWDOHV















3DWHQWHVFRPHUFLDOHV LQGXVWULDOHV\GH VHUYLFLRV















5HFROHFFLyQGHEDVXUD















$OGHVSRVWHGHJDQDGR















2FXSDFLyQGHOXJDUHV S~EOLFRV









































2WURV,QJUHVRV (Transferencia del Sector Público, Rentas, Contribuciones)

7RWDO



)XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH

$0(1$=$6$/$,1)5$(6758&785$<Ã&#x2C6;5($6352'8&7,9$6 &RQ EDVH D DVDPEOHDV ]RQDOHV TXH GH GHVDUUROODURQ SDUD OD IRUPXODFLyQ GHO SUHVHQWH GLDJQyVWLFR VH GHWHUPLQy TXH ORV SULQFLSDOHV SUREOHPDV DVRFLDGRV DO GHVDUUROOR DJUR SURGXFWLYRFRPHUFLDODUWHVDQDO\WXUtVWLFRORFDOTXHVRQODVSULQFLSDOHVDFWLYLGDGHVTXHPDUFDQ ODHFRQRPtDORFDOVRQORVVLJXLHQWHV 9 %DMRVQLYHOHVGHSURGXFWLYLGDG 9 &UpGLWRVOLPLWDGRV\QRRSRUWXQRV 9 /DWLHUUDSURGXFWLYDQRFXHQWDFRQOHJDOL]DFLyQ 9 'pELOHVFDQDOHVGHFRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ

  Página228de395


 9 3URGXFWLYLGDG DUWHVDQDO JDVWURQyPLFD \ DJURSHFXDULD QR VH YLVXDOL]D FRPR IRUWDOH]D WXUtVWLFD (Q HO FXDGUR VLJXLHQWH VH GHWHUPLQDQ ORV SUREOHPDV LGHQWLILFDGRV FRQ VXV FDXVDV \ SRVLEOHV VROXFLRQHV ODV TXH FRUUHVSRQGHQ HQ YDULRV FDVRV D DPHQD]DV TXH SXGLHUDQ DIHFWDU ODV DFWLYLGDGHVSURGXFWLYDVORFDOHV

0$75,='(9$5,$%/(6327(1&,$/,'$'(6<352%/(0$6 9$5,$%/(6

327(1&,$/,'$'(6

352%/(0$6

(;,67(1&,$'( 25*$1,=$&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6 75$%$-2<(03/(2

5(&212&,'$*$6752120,$ 7,3,&$

%$-261,9(/(6'(352'8&7,9,'$' <352'8&7,9,'$'$57(6$1$/ *$6752120,&$<$*523(&8$5,$ &212&,0,(1726$1&(675$/(6 '()$0,/,$6352'8&725$6(1 126(9,68$/,=$&202)257$/(=$ '(35202&,21785,67,&$ $*5,&8/785$*$6752120,$< $57(6$1,$6 6,67(0$6'(5,(*2(1/$ =21$%$-$

(6758&785$ 352'8&7,9$

&217$5&21'(3$57$0(172 '('(6$552//2 $*523(&8$5,2(1(/*$' 2),&,1$'(/0$*$3(1 ,167$/$&,21(6081,&,3$/(6

7,(55$352'8&7,9$12&8(17$ &21/(*$/,=$&,21

&(5&$1,$&21&(17526'( ('8&$&,21683(5,25 5(/$&,21(175( 352*5$0$6(67$7$/(6&21 6(&725(6(&2120,&26 )8(17('(),1$1&,$0,(172

&5(',726/,0,7$'26<12 232578126

35(6(1&,$'($*(1&,$ %$1&$5,$(152&$)8(57( $*5,&8/785$<*$1$'(5,$(6 /$35,1&,3$/$&7,9,'$' 352'8&7,9$

35,1&,3$/(6 $&7,9,'$'(6 (&2120,&$6

$&7,9,'$'(6 0$18)$&785(5$6&20(5&,2 6(59,&,26'(&20,'$ (16(f$1=$<$7(1&,21$/$ 6$/8'+80$1$35('20,1$1 /$6$&7,9,'$'(6(&2120,&$6 '(/$32%/$&,ร‘1

'(%,/(6&$1$/(6'( &20(5&,$/,=$&,21

',9(56,'$''($&7,9,'$'(6 352'8&7,9$6 $*523(&8$5,$6 $57(6$1$/(6 *$6752120,&$6 

  Pรกgina229de395




35,1&,3$/(6352'8&726

352'8&726&2020$,= $552=0$1,0(/21&(%2//$ 3(5/$9(5'85$6<8&$ 35,1&,3$/0(17( (;7(16$6$5($6 352'8&7,9$6'($552=<0$,=

(67$%/(&,0,(1726 (&2120,&26 352'8&7,926

352'8&&,21'($552=0$,= &,&/2&2572$57(6$1,$6(1 7$*8$6,//$6'(0$'(5$ *$6752120,$7,3,&$'8/&(6 ',6321,%,/,'$''(3,/$'25$6 '($552=<&(17526'( $&23,2

)$&725(6352'8&7,926 8%,&$&,ร1(1(/9$//('(/ 5,2325729,(-2 6,67(0$6'(5,(*2(1/$ =21$%$-$

%$-261,9(/(6'( 352'8&7,9,'$'

$62&,$&,21(6352'8&7,9$6 02'2'(352'8&&,21 &219(1,2686&5,72&21(/ 0$*$33$5$/(*$/,=$&,21'( 7,(55$6

/$7,(55$352'8&7,9$12 &8(17$&21/(*$/,=$&,21

&(5&$1,$$&,8'$'(6'( 0$17$325729,(-2%$+,$'( &$5$48(= &(5&$1,$$0(5&$'26 6(*85,'$'<62%(5$1,$ 0$<25,67$6'(/$3529,1&,$ $/,0(17$5,$ &(5&$1,$$38(572< $(5238(572'(0$17$

'(%,/(6&$1$/(6'( &20(5&,$/,=$&,21

8%,&$&,ร1*(2*5$),&$ (675$7(*,&$(1/$3529,1&,$ 9,$6585$/(6 ,1)5$(6758&785$'( $32<2$/$352'8&&,21 &$1$/(6'(5,(*2(1/$=21$ %$-$

%$-$352'8&7,9,'$'

352<(&726 (675$7(*,&26 1$&,21$/(6

&(5&$1,$$/&203/(-2 5(),1(5,$'(/3$&,),&2

'(%,/(6&$1$/(6'( &20(5&,$/,=$&,21

0(5&$'2'(&$3,7$/(6 <),1$1=$6

35(6(1&,$'($*(1&,$ %$1&$5,$(152&$)8(57(

)/8-26),6&$/(6

$*5,&8/725(67,(1(5,6(

$0(1$=$6$/$ ,1)5$(6758&785$< $5($6352'8&7,9$6

0$3$6'(5,(6*26 ,'(17,),&$'26

&5(',726/,0,7$'26<12 232578126 %$-$352'8&7,9,'$'

)XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH

   Pรกgina230de395






',$*1ร67,&2$6(17$0,(1726+80$126

 '$726+,6725,&26  (QODFRORQLDWDPELpQVHFRQRFLyD5RFDIXHUWHFRQHOQRPEUHGH6DQ-XGDV7DGHR SRU OD FRVWXPEUH GH DTXHO WLHPSR GH DVLJQDU D ODV QXHYDV FLXGDGHV HO QRPEUH GHO VDQWR TXH FRUUHVSRQGtD HQ HO VDQWRUDO HQ OD IHFKD TXH VH LQVFULEtD HQ ODV FUyQLFDV HVSDxRODV  (V XQ SXHEOR WUDGLFLRQDOPHQWH DJUtFROD \ VX SURGXFFLyQ HVWi GHWHUPLQDGD SRU OD ]RQDJHRJUiILFDTXHSHUPLWHHOFXOWLYRGHFLFORFRUWRPDt]\DUUR]HQPD\RUHVFDOD 3RU VX SRWHQFLDO HQ OD SURGXFFLyQ GH DUUR] D HVWH FDQWyQ VH OR FRQRFH FRPR HO JUDQHURGH0DQDEt  /$&2081,'$'3,&+27$  7ULEX LQGtJHQD SURFHGHQWH GH OD 6LHUUD \ PiV WDUGH JDQDGHURV GH RWUDV FRPDUFDV OOHJDURQDSREODUORTXHKR\HV5RFDIXHUWHDWUDtGRVSRUODIHUWLOLGDGGHODWLHUUD  6HGLFHTXHHOQRPEUHGH3LFKRWDVHGHVSUHQGHGHODVYRFHVLQGtJHQDVFD\DSDV3L TXHVLJQLILFDDJXDGHODJXQD\&KRWDTXHTXLHUHGHFLUFRORUDGR  7DPELpQVHSUHVXPHTXHODGHQRPLQDFLyQVHRULJLQDSRUODFRORUDFLyQGHODVDJXDV HVWDQFDGDVTXHHQODpSRFDLQYHUQDOVHWRUQDQURML]DV  (QORVDOERUHVGHOD5HS~EOLFDHOWHUULWRULR\DHUDSDUURTXLDHFOHVLiVWLFD\HQHODxR IXHHOHYDGDDODFDWHJRUtDGHSDUURTXLDFLYLOVLHQGRXQDGHODVVHLVSDUURTXLDV TXHFRPSRQtDQOD7HQHQFLDGH3RUWRYLHMR  6HGHEHGHVWDFDUODSUHVHQFLDGHLQVWLWXFLRQHVTXHKDQDSRUWDGRDODWUDVFHQGHQFLD HGXFDWLYD UHOLJLRVD \ GH IH DVt FRPR GH XQ WUDEDMR FRPXQLWDULR XQD GH HOODV HV OD REUD6DOHVLDQDHQHVWHFDQWyQ(QHODxRHOUHYHUHQGR*XLGR5RFDSURYLQFLDO GH OD RUGHQ 6DOHVLDQD HQ HO (FXDGRU HVFRJH D 5RFDIXHUWH FRPR HO OXJDU PiV

  Pรกgina231de395


 DGHFXDGRSDUDODIXQGDFLyQGHXQD&DVD6DOHVLDQD(QORVUHYHUHQGRV7HOPR $QGUDGH\-XOLR9DFDVFRPLHQ]DQODREUDPLVPDTXHHODxRIXHHQWUHJDGDD ORVVDFHUGRWHV'LRFHVDQRVSHURHOOHJDGRGHMDGRSRUORV6DOHVLDQRVHVWiSUHVHQWH HQODPD\RUtDGHORVURFDIRUWHQVHV /DV KHUPDQDV 2EODWDVGH 6DQ )UDQFLVFR GH 6DOHV SRU HODxR GH  DSHUWXUDHQ 5RFDIXHUWH XQD HVFXHOD PHGLD UHJHQWDGD SRU HOODV \ D OD YH] EULQGDQGR D OD FROHFWLYLGDG3LFKRWDXQDHGXFDFLyQGHFDOLGDG\FDOLGH]\ULFDHQYDORUHVHVSLULWXDOHV \ PRUDOHV (Q ORV SUy[LPRV DxRV FXPSOLUiQ XQ VLJOR GH VX SUHVHQFLD HQ HO FDQWyQ GRQGH KDQ GHMDGR YHUGDGHUD KXHOOD GH VX WUDEDMR IRUPDGR HQ VROLGDULGDG \ HVSLULWXDOLGDG 1XHVWUR FDQWyQ KLVWyULFDPHQWH KD VLGR GH HPSUHQGLPLHQWR SRU OR TXH HQ pO VH FRQVWLWX\HURQ IiEULFDV GH DJXDUGLHQWH IiEULFDV GH WH[WLO LQJHQLRV D]XFDUHURV FXUWLPEUHHQWUHRWURV 5RFDIXHUWH HV FRQRFLGR FRPR OD &LXGDG %ODQFD GH ORV &DPSDQDULRV \ VLHQGR XQ YDOOH XELFDGR HQ OD SDUWH FHQWUDO GH QXHVWUD SURYLQFLD GH 0DQDEt WLHQH XQ DOWR SRWHQFLDO WXUtVWLFR 6XV GXOFHV OD 9LUJHQ %ODQFD GH /DV 3HxDV VX KLVWyULFR SDUTXH FHQWUDOVXLJOHVLDGHHVWLORDOHPiQVRQDOJXQRVGHORVDWUDFWLYRVtFRQRVGHQXHVWUR &DQWyQ  ',675,%8&,├П1(63$&,$/'(/$32%/$&,├П1 5RFDIXHUWHGHVGHKDFHYDULDVGpFDGDVKDPDQWHQLGRXQFUHFLPLHQWRSREODFLRQDODOWR VLQHPEDUJRDSDUWLUGHFRQODFUHDFLyQGHOFDQWyQ7RVDJXDVXIULyXQDQRWRULD GLVPLQXFLyQ HQ VX WDVD GH FUHFLPLHQWR SREODFLRQDO FRPR FRQVHFXHQFLD GH HVWD GHVPHPEUDFLyQ *5├И),&21роИ┬▒3REODFLyQWRWDO\WDVDGHFUHFLPLHQWR

 )XHQWH,1(&&39)ROOHWRLQIRUPDWLYR

  P├бgina232de395


 

$FWXDOPHQWHGHDFXHUGRDORVGDWRVGHOFHQVR,1(&SUHVHQWDXQDSREODFLyQWRWDOGH   KDELWDQWHV HQ ODV iUHDV XUEDQD \ UXUDO FDQWLGDG TXH UHSUHVHQWD HO  GH OD SREODFLyQ HFXDWRULDQD \ HO   GHO WRWDO GH OD SURYLQFLD GH 0DQDEt XELFiQGRVH HQ HO GpFLPRWHUFHUSXHVWRHQWUHORVFDQWRQHVPDQDELWDVFRQPD\RUQ~PHURGHKDELWDQWHV (OGHVXVKDELWDQWHVUHVLGHHQHOiUHDXUEDQDPLHQWUDVHOHQHOiUHDUXUDOOR TXHGHWHUPLQDVXPD\RUWHUULWRULRHOFXDOKDVLGRGLYLGLGRSROtWLFDPHQWHHQFRPXQLGDGHV DVSHFWR TXH KD FRQOOHYDGR D UHFRQRFHUOR D WUDYpV GH OD KLVWRULD FRPR YDOOH DJUtFROD \ JDQDGHUR (O EDODQFH SREODFLRQDO SRU VH[R FRUUHVSRQGH D  KRPEUHV \  PXMHUHV /DGHQVLGDGSREODFLRQDOHVGHKDENPรฐFLIUDVXSHULRUDODPHGLDQDFLRQDOTXHHVGH KDENPรฐFRQORTXHVHGHQRWDHOEDMRJUDGRGHXUEDQL]DFLyQGHOFDQWyQ $QDOL]DQGR OD 3($ RFXSDGD D QLYHO GH VHFWRUHV FHQVDOHV VH FRQILUPD XQD YH] PiV HO FDUiFWHU UXUDO GHO FDQWyQ \ GH VXV DVHQWDPLHQWRV SXHVWR TXH XQ   GH OD 3($ HVWi RFXSDGDHQDFWLYLGDGHVGHOVHFWRUHFRQyPLFRSULPDULR   -(5$548,=$&,ร1'(/26$6(17$0,(1726+80$126 

-(5$548,=$&,ร13255$1*232%/$&,21$/

(VXQDFDUDFWHUL]DFLyQFXDQWLWDWLYDUHIHULGDDOWDPDxRGHODSREODFLyQPHGLDQWHHOLQGLFDGRU UDQJRSREODFLRQDOSDUDHOORVHDGRSWDHOFULWHULRGHLJXDORVXSHULRUDKDELWDQWHVFRPR SREODGRXUEDQRHLQIHULRUDKDELWDQWHVFRPRSREODGRUXUDO (O FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HVWi FRQIRUPDGR HQ OD PD\RU SDUWH GH VX WHUULWRULR SRU SREODFLyQ GLVSHUVDHTXLYDOHQWHDKDELWDQWHV (Q OD VLJXLHQWH WDEOD VH PXHVWUD HO WDPDxR GH OD SREODFLyQ GHO FDQWyQ FRQVLGHUDQGR ODV iUHDVDPDQ]DQDGDV\ORVSREODGRVPiVVREUHVDOLHQWHVGHODViUHDVGLVSHUVDV     



Sectoreconรณmicoprimario:comprendetodaslasactividadesquesebasanenlaextracciรณndebienesy recursosprocedentesdelmedionatural:agricultura,ganaderรญa,pesca,caza,explotaciรณnforestalyminerรญa.

  Pรกgina233de395


 7$%/$1ยž-(5$548ร‹$'(32%/$'263255$1*232%/$&,21$/ 3REODGRV

1RGH+DELWDQWHV

5XUDO8UEDQR

&DWHJRUtD

&DEHFHUD&DQWRQDO



8UEDQR

&HQWUR8UEDQR,QWHUPHGLR

6RVRWH



8UEDQR

&HQWUR8UEDQR0HQRU

5HVEDOyQ



8UEDQR

&HQWUR8UEDQR0HQRU

9DOGH]



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO6HPL1XFOHDGR

6DQ-RVpGHODV3HxDV



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO1XFOHDGR

+LJXHUyQ



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO1XFOHDGR

6DQ(OR\



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO1XFOHDGR

7DEDFDOHV



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO1XFOHDGR

6DQ$QGUpV



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO1XFOHDGR

7LHUUDV$PDULOODV



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO1XFOHDGR

/DV3DSD\DV$IXHUD



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO1XFOHDGR

(O&HUULWR



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO1XFOHDGR

/D&DOLIRUQLD



5XUDO

$VHQWDPLHQWR5XUDO1XFOHDGR

)XHQWH&39,1(& 





(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

 6HJ~QODFDWHJRUL]DFLyQTXHVHPXHVWUDHQOD7DEOD1RHOGHODSREODFLyQUHVLGH HQFHQWURVXUEDQRVLQWHUPHGLRVHOHQFHQWURVXUEDQRVHOHQDVHQWDPLHQWRV UXUDOHVVHPLQXFOHDGRVUXUDOHVQXFOHDGRVHOHQDVHQWDPLHQWRVUXUDOHVQXFOHDGRV\ HODVHQWDPLHQWRVUXUDOHVGLVSHUVRV /D FDEHFHUD FDQWRQDO VH XELFD FRPR FHQWUR XUEDQR LQWHUPHGLR FRQ XQ  GH OD 3($ RFXSDGDHQHOVHFWRUSULPDULR &RPRFHQWURVXUEDQRVPHQRUHVVHXELFDQODVFRPXQLGDGHVGH6RVRWH\5HVEDOyQFRQXQ \GHOD3($RFXSDGDHQHOVHFWRUSULPDULR(QFDOLGDGGHDVHQWDPLHQWRUXUDO VHPLQXFOHDGR OD FRPXQLGDG GH 9DOGp] FRQ XQD 3($ RFXSDGD HQ HO VHFWRU SULPDULR GHO  /RV SREODGRV GH 6DQ -RVp GH ODV 3HxDV +LJXHUyQ 6DQ (OR\ 7DEDFDOHV 6DQ $QGUpV7LHUUDV$PDULOODV/DV3DSD\DV$IXHUD(O&HUULWR\/D&DOLIRUQLDFDOLILFDGDVFRPR DVHQWDPLHQWRVUXUDOHVQXFOHDGRV 

  Pรกgina234de395


  7$%/$1ยž32%/$&,ร1(&21ร0,&$0(17($&7,9$ยฑ3($2&83$'$ 3REODGRV

3($ 2FXSDGD

6HFWRU 3ULPDULR

6HFWRU 6HFXQGDULR

6HFWRU 7HUFLDULR

&DEHFHUD&DQWRQDO









6RVRWH









5HVEDOyQ









9DOGp]









6DQ-RVpGHODV 3HxDV









+LJXHUyQ









6DQ(OR\









7DEDFDOHV









6DQ$QGUpV









7LHUUDV$PDULOODV









/DV3DSD\DV$IXHUD









(O&HUULWR









/D&DOLIRUQLD









)XHQWH&39,1(& 





(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

        

  Pรกgina235de395


 0$3$1ยž5(''($6(17$0,(1726+80$126

 )XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH 



-(5$548,=$&,ร1 )81&,21$/ (;,67(1&,$ '( ,1)5$(6758&785$ < 6(59,&,26 

(QHOFDVRGHMHUDUTXL]DFLyQGHIXQFLRQDOGHODUHGGH$VHQWDPLHQWRV+XPDQRVVHHPSOHy OD PHWRGRORJtD GHO(VFDORJUDPD GH *XWPDQ D WUDYpV GHO FXDO VH UHDOL]D XQ DQiOLVLV SRQGHUDEOH GH ODV IXQFLRQHV VHUYLFLRV IDFLOLGDGHV R LQIUDHVWUXFWXUDV TXH FRQILHUHQ FHQWUDOLGDGDORVDVHQWDPLHQWRVHQHOVLVWHPDHVSDFLDO 3DUDODMHUDUTXL]DFLyQVHSRQGHUyODH[LVWHQFLDRSUHVHQFLDGHODLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDGHVHUYLFLR GHDFXHUGRDODVVLJXLHQWHVFDWHJRUtDV6DOXG(GXFDFLyQ         Pรกgina236de395


  7$%/$1ยž321'(5$&,ร1'((48,3$0,(1726<6(59,&,26 (TXLSDPLHQWR 6RFLDO

3REODGRV 6DOXG (GXFDFLyQ

(TXLSDPLHQWR (TXLSDPLHQWR (TXLSDPLHQWR GH GH$SR\RDOD 7RWDO )LQDQFLHUR &RPXQLFDFLyQ 3URGXFFLyQ

&DEHFHUD &DQWRQDO















6RVRWH















5HVEDOyQ















9DOGp]















6DQ-RVp GHODV 3HxDV















+LJXHUyQ















6DQ(OR\















7DEDFDOHV















6DQ $QGUpV















7LHUUDV $PDULOODV















/DV 3DSD\DV $IXHUD















(O&HUULWR















/D &DOLIRUQLD















)XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH 





(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

7$%/$1ยž-HUDUTXtDIXQFLRQDOGHORVDVHQWDPLHQWRVKXPDQRV 3REODGRV

3RQGHUDFLyQSRU SREODFLyQ

3RQGHUDFLyQSRU HTXLSDPLHQWRV

3RQGHUDFLyQ 7RWDO

-HUDUTXtD

&DEHFHUD &DQWRQDO









6RVRWH









5HVEDOyQ









9DOGp]









  Pรกgina237de395


 6DQ-RVpGHODV 3HxDV









+LJXHUyQ









6DQ(OR\









7DEDFDOHV









6DQ$QGUpV









7LHUUDV$PDULOODV









/DV3DSD\DV $IXHUD









(O&HUULWR









/D&DOLIRUQLD









)XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH



(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH



 ,1)5$(6758&785$<$&&(626(59,&,26%รˆ6,&26  ',6321,%,/,'$'<&2%(5785$   $JXD(ODEDVWHFLPLHQWRGHDJXDQROOHJDGHODPLVPDPDQHUDHLQWHQVLGDGHQWRGDV ODV]RQDVGHO&DQWyQVLHQGRDVtTXHVRORUHFLEHQDJXDGHODUHGS~EOLFDHO GHOiUHDXUEDQD\HOGHOiUHDUXUDOTXHGDQGRXQDQLYHOFDQWRQDOTXH VH DEDVWHFH GH DJXD SRU RWURV PHGLRV FRPR VRQ SR]RV UtRV YHUWLHQWHV FDUUR UHSDUWLGRUOOXYLD\DOEDUUDGDV  7$%/$1ยž352&('(1&,$'(/$*8$ รˆUHD

5HG3~EOLFD

3R]R

5tRR9HUWLHQWH

&DUURUHSDUWLGRU

2WUR OOXYLDDOEDUUDGD

8UEDQD











5XUDO











)XHQWH&39,1(& 



(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH



/D(3$3$5(PSUHVD3~EOLFDGH$JXD3RWDEOH\$OFDQWDULOODGRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHGRWD GHOVHUYLFLRGH$JXD3RWDEOHDGRPLFLOLRVGHORVFXDOHVFRUUHVSRQGHQDOD]RQD XUEDQD\DOD]RQDUXUDO    Pรกgina238de395


 7$%/$1ยž$%$67(&,0,(172'($*8$ 6HFWRU

8VXDULRV5HGGH$JXD3RWDEOH

8VXDULRV5HGGH$JXD(QWXEDGD

&DVFR8UEDQR





/D&DOLIRUQLD





(O*XDELWDO





(O+RUFyQ





%XHQRV$LUHV





/D-DJXD





3XHUWR/RRU





7LHUUDV$PDULOODV





7DEDFDOHV





/RV5tRV





7UHV&KDUFRV





'DQ]DUtQ





(O&DUGyQ





/DV)ORUHV





6DQ-RVpGH/DV3HxDV





(O3XHEOLWR





&HUHFLWR





%XHQRV$LUHV





9DOGH]





5HVEDOyQ





3DTXLVKD





6DQ(OR\





6DQ$QGUpV





6DQ-DFLQWR





/D*XD\DED





+LJXHUyQ





  Pรกgina239de395


 (O&HUULWR





)UXWLOOR





/D*XD\DED





6RVRWH





727$/





)XHQWH(3$3$5





(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

 (O $JXD 3RWDEOH TXH HVWDPRV GRWDQGR OD DGTXLULPRV GH OD 3ODQWD GH 7UDWDPLHQWR ³/XLV $OEHUWR *yPH]´ XELFDGD HQ HO 6LWLR ³(O 3XHEOLWR´ GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH TXH HVWi DGPLQLVWUDGDSRUOD(PSUHVD3~EOLFDGH$JXDV0DQWD(3$0 /D (3$0 FDSWD HO DJXD FUXGD SDUD VX SRVWHULRU SURFHVRHQ XQ VHFWRU GHO 5tR 3RUWRYLHMR XELFDGRHQOD&RPXQLGDGGH³(O&HLEDO´GHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH'HVGHHVWHOXJDUPHGLDQWH ERPEHR OD WUDVODGDQ D OD 3ODQWD GH 7UDWDPLHQWR HQ HO 6LWLR ³(O 3XHEOLWR´ GRQGH OD SRWDELOL]DQ 'HVSXpVGHSRWDELOL]DUODODERPEHDQKDVWDXQWDQTXHHVWDFLRQDULRGHPXELFDGRHQ HOPLVPRVLWLR³(O3XHEOLWR´GHGRQGHSRUPHGLRGHJUDYHGDGODHQYtDQWDQWRD5RFDIXHUWH FRPRD0DQWD 0HQVXDOPHQWH OD (3$0 OH GRWD GH PGH DJXD SRWDEOH HQ HO iUHD XUEDQD \ HQ HO VHFWRUUXUDOGHPGDQGRXQWRWDOGHPGHDJXDSRWDEOHDOD(3$3$5   $OFDQWDULOODGR'HQWURGHOWHUULWRULRFDQWRQDOVHREVHUYDTXHORV~QLFRVFRQHFWDGRVD XQDUHGS~EOLFDGHDOFDQWDULOODGRVRQORVKDELWDQWHVGHOiUHDXUEDQDFRUUHVSRQGLHQWH DO  GH OD SREODFLyQ PLHQWUDV HO SRUFHQWDMH UHVWDQWH HOLPLQD VXV H[FUHWDV D WUDYpVGHSR]RVGHVFDUJDVDUtRVRTXHEUDGDVRSRUPHGLRGHOHWULQDV       

  Página240de395


 7$%/$1ยž6(59,&,2'($/&$17$5,//$'2 6HFWRU

&DVRV



$FXPXODGR

&RQHFWDGRDUHGS~EOLFDGHDOFDQWDULOODGR







&RQHFWDGRDSR]RVpSWLFR







&RQHFWDGRDSR]RFLHJR













/HWULQD







1RWLHQH













&RQGHVFDUJDGLUHFWDDOPDUUtRODJRRTXHEUDGD

7RWDO )XHQWH&39,1(& 



(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

 6HJ~Q GDWRV DSUR[LPDGRV GH OD 'LUHFFLyQ 7pFQLFD OD (3$3$5 EULQGD HO VHUYLFLR GH DOFDQWDULOODGRVDQLWDULRHQXQ\HQXQGHODOFDQWDULOODGRSOXYLDOHQOD]RQDXUEDQD GHOFDQWyQDGHPiVGHODGHSXUDFLyQGHODVDJXDVUHVLGXDOHVGHOVHFWRUXUEDQRGHOFDQWyQ    (QHUJtD(OpFWULFD(VXQRGHORVVHUYLFLRVS~EOLFRVTXHSUHVHQWDPD\RUFREHUWXUD XQGHODSREODFLyQWRWDOGHOFDQWyQQRGLVSRQHGHHQHUJtDHOpFWULFD GHPDQGDQGRPD\RUDWHQFLyQ    'HVHFKRVVyOLGRV/DHOLPLQDFLyQGHEDVXUDVHGDHQHOiUHDXUEDQDHQXQ \HQHOiUHDUXUDODSUR[LPDGDPHQWHHQXQFRUUHVSRQGLHQGRHVWHSRUFHQWDMHD ODUHFROHFFLyQHQYDULDVFRPXQLGDGHV 7$%/$1ยž6(59,&,26'20,&,/,$5,26325&$17ร1<32%/$'26 3REODGRV

7RWDO 9LYLHQGDV

(OHFWULFLGDG &RE



$JXD &RE



$OFDQWDULOODGR

5HFROHFFLyQ %DVXUD

&RE

&RE





5RFDIXHUWH7RWDO



       

5HVEDOyQ



 









 

6RVRWH



 

 





 

9DOGH]



 

 





 

  Pรกgina241de395


 6DQ(OR\



 









 

6DQ-RVpGHODV3HxDV



 

 





 

(O3XHEOLWR



 

 





 

7UHV&KDUFRV



 









3XHUWR/RRU



 

 





 

7DEDFDOHV



 

 





 

6DQ-DFLQWR



 









 

(O&HUULWR



 









 

)UXWLOOR



 









 

+LJXHUyQ



 









 

)XHQWH&39,1(& 









(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

0$3$1ยž$1รˆ/,6,6'(,1)5$(6758&785$<$&&(62$6(59,&,26%รˆ6,&26

 )XHQWH*$'5RFDIXHUWH





(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

  

  Pรกgina242de395


  $&&(62'(/$32%/$&,ร1$6(59,&,26'(('8&$&,ร1<6$/8' 

('8&$&,ร1

(QHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHH[LVWHQHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVGHHGXFDFLyQEiVLFD\EDFKLOOHUDWRGH ORVFXDOHVVRQHVWDEOHFLPLHQWRVXQLGRFHQWHV 0$3$1ยž&2%(5785$'(6(59,&,26'(('8&$&,ร1

 )XHQWH,((6(13/$'(6 

6$/8' 0$3$1ยž&2%(5785$'(6(59,&,26'(6$/8'

 )XHQWH,((6(13/$'(6

  Pรกgina243de395


  $&&(62'(/$32%/$&,├П1$9,9,(1'$ 

7,32/2*├Л$'(/$&216758&&,├П1'(/$9,9,(1'$

/RVWLSRVGHYLYLHQGDFRQVLGHUDGRVSUHGRPLQDQWHVHQHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHWDQWRHQOD]RQD XUEDQD FRPR HQ OD UXUDO VRQ &DVD R 9LOOD GHSDUWDPHQWRV FXDUWRV PHGLDJXD UDQFKR FRYDFKDRWUDVSDUWLFXODUHVKRVSLWDO/RVSRUFHQWDMHVORVSRGHPRVDSUHFLDUHQHOVLJXLHQWH FXDGUR *5├И),&21роИ7,32'(9,9,(1'$ 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

Casa Depar Cuart Medi Ranch Covac Otra Choza Hospi oVilla tame o agua o ha Partic tal nto ular AreaUrbana 82.93% 4.04% 1.46% 1.46% 7.80% 1.23% 0.46% 0.62% 0.00% AreaRural

74.13% 1.17% 0.15% 0.94% 17.76% 3.40% 0.30% 2.15% 0.01%

)XHQWH&39,1(& 







(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH





0$7(5,$/35('20,1$17((1/$9,9,(1'$

'HQWURGHORVPDWHULDOHVSUHGRPLQDQWHVGHODVYLYLHQGDVWDQWRGHOiUHDXUEDQDFRPRODGHO iUHD UXUDO VHJ~Q RV GDWRV GHO ,1(&  SRGHPRV H[SUHVDU OR TXH VH GHWDOOD HQ HO VLJXLHQWHFXDGUR  *5├И),&21роИ0$7(5,$/35('20,1$17((1/$9,9,(1'$ 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

H.A.

Hierro

AreaUrbana

39.88%

AreaRural

24.40%

)XHQWH&39,1(& 



Madera

Otro

14.33%

Mampost eria 1.28%

43.89%

0.61%

5.55%

1.57%

66.10%

2.37%





(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH



  P├бgina244de395


 

&21',&,21(6'(2&83$&,ร1'(/$9,9,(1'$

0LHQWUDV WDQWR ODV FRQGLFLRQHV GH ODV YLYLHQGDV GH FRQIRUPLGDG FRQ ORV GDWRV GHO ,1(&  HVWDEOHFH TXH HO &DQWyQ VH HQFXHQWUDQ HQ EXHQ HVWDGR  FRQ HO  HQ HVWDGR UHJXODU HO  \ HQ PDO HVWDGR HO UHVWDQWH  DFRWDQGR TXH  YLYLHQGDV VH HQFXHQWUDQKDELWDGDVGHVRFXSDGDV\HVWiQHQFRQVWUXFFLyQ *5รˆ),&21เฎˆ&21',&,21(6'(2&83$&,ร1'(/$9,9,(1'$ 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

Con personas presentes Series1 86.98% )XHQWH&39,1(& 





Con personas auscentes 2.01%

Desocupa da 8.74%

En construcci รณn 2.27%



(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH



$&&(62'(/$32%/$&,ร1$/$9,9,(1'$

'H DFXHUGR D ORV LQGLFDGRUHV RILFLDOHV GHO ~OWLPR FHQVR GH 3REODFLyQ \ YLYLHQGD GHO DxR ,1(&VHGHWHUPLQDTXHYLYLHQGDVVRQGHVWLQDGDVSDUDVDWLVIDFHUODQHFHVLGDG GHDORMDPLHQWRGHSHUVRQDVFRQXQtQGLFHGH 

7(1(1&,$'(/$9,9,(1'$

'HDFXHUGRDORVLQGLFDGRUHVRILFLDOHVGHO~OWLPRFHQVRGH3REODFLyQ\YLYLHQGDGHODxR ,1(&VHSXHGHDSUHFLDUHQHOVLJXLHQWHFXDGURODWHQHQFLDGHODYLYLHQGDWDQWRHQHOiUHD XUEDQDFRPRHQHOiUHDUXUDO *5รˆ),&21เฎˆ7(1(1&,$'(/$9,9,(1'$ 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

Propia

Prestada

AreaUrbana 54.67%

9.63%

AreaRural

1.74%

)XHQWH&39,1(& 

62.15% 



Por Arrenda En servicios da anticresi s 0.09% 21.79% 0.26% 0.14%

19.51%

0.79%



(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

  Pรกgina245de395


  /2&$/,=$&,ร1<'(6&5,3&,ร1'(/26$6(17$0,(1726+80$126 

5(''($6(17$0,(1726+80$126

/DFRQIOXHQFLDYLDOGHVGHYDULDV]RQDVGHODSURYLQFLDFRQYLHUWHDOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHQXQ iUHDGHWUiQVLWRREOLJDGRVXSRVLFLyQHVWUDWpJLFDTXHVLUYHGHYtQFXORHQWUH&RVWD\6LHUUD OD UHODWLYD FHUFDQtD DO SXHUWR PDUtWLPR GH 0DQWD \ HO URO GHWHUPLQDQWH HQ HO IOXMR GH SURGXFFLyQ FRPHUFLR \ VHUYLFLRV KDFHQ GH HVWD UHJLyQ XQ FHQWUR FRQHFWRU HQWUH YDULDV ]RQDVGHODSURYLQFLD\GHOSDtV 6HJ~Q OD PHWRGRORJtD GH MHUDUTXtD XUEDQD \ OD HVSHFLDOL]DFLyQ HFRQyPLFD IXQFLRQDO GH OD $JHQGD =RQDO SDUD HO %XHQ 9LYLU D 5RFDIXHUWH MXQWR FRQ RWURV FDQWRQHV %DKtD GH &DUiTXH] &KDUDSRWy6DQWD 7HUHVD 6DQ 9LFHQWH \ 6DQWD $QD  VH ORV FRQVLGHUD FRPR XQ FHQWURORFDO /RV DVHQWDPLHQWRV KXPDQRV PiV UHOHYDQWHV VRQ ODV FRPXQLGDGHV GH 5HVEDOyQ 6RVRWH 9DOGH] 6DQ (OR\ 6DQ -RVp GH ODV 3HxDV (O 3XHEOLWR 7UHV &KDUFRV 3XHUWR /RRU 7DEDFDOHV6DQ-DFLQWR(O&HUULWR)UXWLOORH+LJXHUyQTXLHQHVMXHJDQXQSDSHOSURWDJyQLFR HQHOGHVDUUROORGHOFDQWyQ $O HQFRQWUDUVH DWUDYHVDGR SRU YtDV (VWDWDOHV FRPR OD ( ( \ ( YtDV SURYLQFLDOHV FRPR OD &UXFLWD0DQWD5RFDIXHUWH \ 3RUWRYLHMR3LFRD]i0DQWD5RFDIXHUWH \ SRU VX XELFDFLyQJHRJUiILFD5RFDIXHUWHWLHQHODRSRUWXQLGDGGHVHUSDUWHGHXQYtQFXORHOHPHQWDO HQWUH  OD ]RQD QRUWH RHVWH FHQWUDO \ VXU GH OD SURYLQFLD OR TXH IXQGDPHQWD HO FRPHUFLR IRUPDOHLQIRUPDOIDFLOLWDQGRHOWUDQVSRUWHGHORVSURGXFWRVKDFLDVXVGHVWLQRVILQDOHV $GHPiV VH LGHQWLILFDQ GLQiPLFDV SURGXFWLYDV FRPR HO HMH WXUtVWLFR TXH VH GD SRU OD SUHVHQFLD GHO FRUUHGRU JDVWURQyPLFR 6RVRWH5RFDIXHUWH/D *XD\DED \ HO HMH DJUtFROD TXH VHGDHQODVFRPXQLGDGHVGHOFDQWyQODVPLVPDVTXHRULJLQDQIOXMRVGHFRPHUFLRLQWHUQR HQWUHFRPXQLGDGHV\H[WHUQRKDFLDFLXGDGHVFRPR3RUWRYLHMR0DQWD*XD\DTXLO\4XLWR   ',63(56,ร1&21&(175$&,ร132%/$&,21$/<'(6(59,&,2662&,$/(6< 3ร’%/,&26325$6(17$0,(172+80$12 /DFRQFHQWUDFLyQSREODFLRQDOVHFDUDFWHUL]DSRUVHUXQSURFHVRGHDXPHQWRGHODSREODFLyQ HQ ]RQDV WDQWR XUEDQDV FRPR UXUDOHV GRQGH ODV FLXGDGHV SXHEORV  PiV JUDQGHV FRQFHQWUDQSREODFLyQDH[SHQVDVGHODVPiVSHTXHxDV ,((   3

$VHQWDPLHQWRV KXPDQRV TXH GDGD VX FRPSOHMLGDG IXQFLRQDO HMHUFHQ DWUDFFLyQ SREODFLRQDO GH PRGHUDGD D EDMD  &RQFHQWUDQ DO  GH OD SREODFLyQ XUEDQD \ DO  GH OD 3($ XUEDQD 6HQSODGHV 

  Pรกgina246de395


 (Q OD ]RQD UXUDO GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH UHIOHMDQ DOWDV FRQFHQWUDFLRQHV SREODFLRQDOHV SULQFLSDOPHQWHHQVHFWRUHVTXHFXHQWDQFRQVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDGHHGXFDFLyQ LQIUDHVWUXFWXUDGHVDOXGLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDYLDODGHPiVGHODVDSWLWXGHVDJUtFRODV\SHFXDULDV GHOVXHOR 'H pVWD IRUPD \ HQ EDVH DO DQiOLVLV UHDOL]DGR SRU HO ,QVWLWXWR (VSDFLDO (FXDWRULDQR,(( VH REWLHQH TXH DO RHVWH GHO FDQWyQ OD SREODFLyQ UXUDO VH HQFXHQWUD GLVWULEXLGD HQ ODV FRPXQLGDGHVGH(O3DVDMH5HVEDOyQ3XHUWR/RRU9DOGp]7LHUUDV$PDULOODV%XHQRV$LUHV (O3XHEOLWR(O&HUHFLWR/D-DJXDV6DQ(OR\\HO)UXWLOORDOFHQWURGHOFDQWyQVHFRQFHQWUD HQ ODV ORFDOLGDGHV GH /DV 0DUDYLOODV (O *XDUDQJR \ /D 5HFWD \ HQ OD SDUWH HVWH VH GLVWULEX\HHQORVSREODGRVGH2MR$JXD6DQ5RTXH\(O*XDQiEDQR /DFRQIOXHQFLDYLDOGHVGHYDULDV]RQDVGHOD3URYLQFLDFRQYLHUWHDO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHQXQ iUHDGHWUiQVLWRREOLJDGRVXSRVLFLyQHVWUDWpJLFDTXHVLUYHGHYtQFXORHQWUH&RVWD\6LHUUD OD UHODWLYD FHUFDQtD DO SXHUWR PDUtWLPR GH 0DQWD \ HO URO GHWHUPLQDQWH HQ HO IOXMR GH SURGXFFLyQ FRPHUFLR \ VHUYLFLRV KDFHQ GH HVWD UHJLyQ XQ FHQWUR FRQHFWRU HQWUH YDULDV ]RQDVGHODSURYLQFLD\GHOSDtV   $0(1$=$6<&$3$&,'$''(5(638(67$ 98/1(5$%,/,'$'<5,(6*26  5RFDIXHUWH HV YXOQHUDEOH D XQ VLQ Q~PHUR GH DPHQD]DV GH RULJHQ QDWXUDO \ DQWUySLFR HVSHFLDOPHQWH D ODV LQXQGDFLRQHV HQ FDGD HVWDFLyQ LQYHUQDO VH YH DIHFWDGD HQ VXV ]RQD EDMD\DOWDRFDVLRQDQGRSpUGLGDVFRQVLGHUDEOHVGHVXSURGXFFLyQDJUtFROD 'XUDQWH OD HVWDFLyQ OOXYLRVD VH SURGXFHQ FUHFLHQWHV RFDVLRQDGDV SRU FRQVWDQWHV \ DEXQGDQWHVSUHFLSLWDFLRQHVTXHDXPHQWDQFRQVLGHUDEOHPHQWHORVFDXGDOHV\QLYHOHVGHORV UtRVHVWHURV\TXHEUDGDV 3URGXFWRGHHVWDVFUHFLGDVGDQRULJHQDODGHVHVWDELOL]DFLyQGHWDOXGHVHQORVPiUJHQHVGH ORV UtRV UD]yQ SRU OD TXH YDULDV FRPXQLGDGHV \ DVHQWDPLHQWRV KXPDQRV XELFDGRV HQ ODV ULEHUDV VH YHQ VHULDPHQWH DIHFWDGRV RFDVLRQDQGR SpUGLGDV DJUtFRODV LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD YLDO GHVWUXLGDDVtFRPRWDPELpQYDULRVSXHQWHV\DOFDQWDULOODV 3RURWUDSDUWHODVIXHUWHVSUHFLSLWDFLRQHVDIHFWDQJUDYHPHQWHODVYtDVGHFRPXQLFDFLyQYtD 5RFDIXHUWH&KRQH5RFDIXHUWH&KDUDSRWy5RFDIXHUWH5LR&KLFR5RFDIXHUWH3RUWRYLHMR      Pรกgina247de395


  *5├И),&21роИ=21$6,181'$%/(6'(/&$17├П152&$)8(57(

 )XHQWH0DSDGHULHVJR&RQFHMR3URYLQFLDOGH0DQDEt 

([LVWHQVHFWRUHVUXUDOHVGHFROLQDVTXHVHGHVOL]DQDQWHODDEXQGDQFLDGHDJXDHVWRVHGD HQODYtD7UHV&KDUFRVHQYDULRVVHFWRUHV\HQHOFDPLQRTXHFRQGXFHD'DQ]DUtQ┬▒2MRGH $JXD /RV GHVOL]DPLHQWRV VRQ XQD DPHQD]D VRFLR QDWXUDO HO KRPEUH \ OD QDWXUDOH]D LQWHUYLHQHQ SDUD TXH VH SXHGD GDU HVWH DFRQWHFLPLHQWR HQ ODV FROLQDV GH OD ]RQD EDMD \ DOWD VRQ HYLGHQWHV HQ HO VHFWRU GHO )UXWLOOR YtD D &UXFLWD SRU OD LQWHUYHQFLyQ GH PDTXLQDULDV HQ OD FRPXQLGDGGH5HVEDOyQSRUODH[LVWHQFLDGHTXHEUDGDVQDWXUDOHVHQODVFROLQDV6DQ-RVp VHSUHVHQWDQHVSRUiGLFDPHQWHSHURPiVELHQ HVWHFDVRHVFDXVDGRHQPD\RUSURSRUFLyQ SRUDFFLRQHVLQRSRUWXQDVGHODPDQRGHOKRPEUH (QFRQWUDPRVHURVLyQGHOVXHORWDQWRHQOD]RQDEDMDFRPRHQODDOWDHODFDXVDGHOD GHIRUHVWDFLyQRWUDVGHWHUPLQDQWHVWDPELpQKDQVLGRODOLPSLH]DGHVXHORSDUDVHPEUDUDVt FRPRODVVHTXtDVDFRPSDxDGDVGHIXHUWHVWHPSHUDWXUDVHQODGpFDGDGHORVVHSURGXMR XQ LPSDFWR GHYDVWDGRU OD VHTXtD GH DTXHOOD pSRFD DIHFWy OD HFRQRPtD DVt FRPR OD VDOXG HVSHFLDOPHQWH HQ OD ]RQD DOWD HQHVWH SHULRGR KXER PXFKD PLJUDFLyQ VREUH WRGR KDFLD OD ]RQDQRUWHGHODSURYLQFLD      P├бgina248de395


  *5รˆ),&21เฎˆ=21$6686&(37,%/(6$(526,ร1'(/&$17ร152&$)8(57(

 )XHQWH0DSDGHULHVJR&RQFHMR3URYLQFLDOGH0DQDEt

 2WUDDPHQD]DODWHQWHVRQORVORFDOHVH[SHQGHGRUHVGHJDVVLWXDGRVFHUFDGHFDVDV\VLQ QLQJ~Q FULWHULR WpFQLFR PXFKRV GH HOORV IXQFLRQDQ VLQ YHQWLODFLyQ VLQ H[WLQJXLGRU GH LQFHQGLRVLQXQSODQGHHPHUJHQFLDVXSHUVRQDOGHWUDEDMRQRHVWiFDSDFLWDGRQRFXPSOHQ FRQODPtQLPDQRUPDGHVHJXULGDGSDUDHOFRUUHFWRIXQFLRQDPLHQWR 5RFDIXHUWHHVPX\DOWRHQYXOQHUDELOLGDGDPHQD]DV\ULHVJRVODFRPXQLGDGQRVHSUHSDUD DGHFXDGDPHQWH DQWH ORV HYHQWRV TXH SXHGDQ DFRQWHFHU QR KD\ HO PD\RU LQWHUpV HO GHVFRQRFLPLHQWR HV JHQHUDO DXQTXH SRFR D SRFR ODV LQVWLWXFLRQHV SHUWLQHQWHV HVWiQ LQFXUVLRQDQGR HQ HO WHPD $FWXDOPHQWH QR WHQHPRV XQ SODQ GH HPHUJHQFLD \ FRQWLQJHQFLD SRU FRPXQLGDGHV VRODPHQWH XQR SRU HO FDQWyQ HQ GRQGH VH GHWHUPLQD XQD RUJDQL]DFLyQ TXHiUHDV\VXEiUHDVGHEHQDFWLYDUVHGHSHQGLHQGRGHODWLSRORJtDGHODDPHQD]D\QLYHOGH FRPSOHMLGDG GHWDOOD SURWRFRORV GH UHSXHVWD IOXMR JUDPDV GH LQWHUYHQFLyQ \ XQ PDSD RSHUDWLYR  

  Pรกgina249de395


   0$75,= 9$5,$%/(6327(1&,$/,'$'(6 < 352%/(0$6 &20321(17( $6(17$0,(1726+80$126 VARIABLES

POTENCIALIDADES

PROBLEMAS

Rednacionaldeasentamientos humanos

ExistenciadelaSubsecretariadeHabitaty Vivienda

Accesoavivienda

Planesdeviviendadediversosentes gubernamentalesyONG's

Infraestructurayaccesoaservicios bรกsicos

EmpresadeAguaPotableyAlcantarilladodel DEBILSERVICIODEAGUAPOTABLE CantonRocafuerte DEBILSERVICIODESANEAMIENTOBASICOEN ElGADCUENTACONESTUDIOSINTEGRALESDE DEBILSERVICIODERECOLECCIONDE MunicipiocuentaconlaSecciรณndeAseo, DESECHOSSร“LIDOS RecolecciรณnyDisposiciรณnFinaldeResiduos Sรณlidos DEBILSERVICIOSELECTRICOSYDE AgenciasdeCNELyCNTenelCantรณn TELECOMUNICACION

Localizaciรณndeasentamientos humanos Dispersiรณnyconcentraciรณn poblacional

NOEXISTEREGULARIZACIONDELOS ASENTAMIENTOSHUMANOS

DentrodelaAgendaZonalparaelBuenVivir,a ORGANIZACIร“NCOMUNITARIADISPERSA Rocafuerteseloconsideracomouncentrolocal



                Pรกgina250de395






',$*1ร67,&2029,/,'$'(1(5*ร‹$<&21(&7,9,'$'

(OGHVDUUROORGHODLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDGHWUDQVSRUWHHQHUJtD\WHOHFRPXQLFDFLRQHVFRQVWLWX\HXQ HOHPHQWRIXQGDPHQWDOSDUDHOVRVWpQHLPSXOVRGHODVDFWLYLGDGHVHFRQyPLFDV\VRFLDOHVGH WRGDSREODFLyQHVSHFLDOPHQWHHQHOHVIXHU]RSRULQFRUSRUDUQXHYDViUHDVGHSURGXFFLyQD OD HFRQRPtD FDQWRQDO \ SURYLQFLDO LPSXOVDU DFWLYLGDGHV SURGXFWLYDV WXUtVWLFDV \ DJURLQGXVWULDOHV PHMRUDU OD LQWHJUDFLyQ \ VHJXULGDG QDFLRQDO SDUD GLQDPL]DU LQWHUFDPELRV FRPHUFLDOHV 3RU HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH WUDQVLWDQ YHKtFXORV FRQ GHVWLQR D 4XLWR 6DQWR 'RPLQJR (VPHUDOGDV %DKtD 0DQWD 3RUWRYLHMR 4XHYHGR SXHV VHHQFXHQWUD DWUDYHVDGR SRU FXDWUR YtDV(VWDWDOHV/DYtDGHO3DFLILFR(ODYtD5RFDIXHUWHยฑ7RVDJXD(ODYtD5RFDIXHUWHยฑ 5RGHR(ODYtD3RUWRYLHMRยฑ&UXFLWD($ /D GLVWDQFLD KDVWD OD FLXGDG GH 0DQWD HV GH  NP GH ORQJLWXG \ HV XQD YtD TXH FLUFXOD IUHFXHQWHPHQWH YHKtFXORV GH FDUJD SHVDGD FRQ GHVWLQR DO SXHUWR 0DUtWLPR GH 0DQWD DO DHURSXHUWR SULQFLSDO GH OD SURYLQFLD DGHPiV HQ HVWD YtD VH HQFXHQWUD XELFDGD OD WRPD GH DJXDTXHDEDVWHFHDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHWDQTXHURVGHDJXDDOGtD\ODPD\RUtDGHHOORVFRQ GHVWLQRDODVFRPXQLGDGHVGH0DQWD /DGLVWDQFLDDODFLXGDGGH3RUWRYLHMRHVGH.PGHORQJLWXGSRUODUXWD($SRUHVWD FLUFXODQ FRQ IUHFXHQFLD ORV YHKtFXORV SDUWLFXODUHV ORV EXVHV GH WUDQVSRUWH S~EOLFR FRQ GHVWLQR D 4XLWR (VPHUDOGDV %DKtD \ 3RUWRYLHMR \ ORV YHKtFXORV GH FDUJD SHVDGD FRPR YROTXHWDVTXHSURYLHQHQGHVGH\KDFLDODVFDQWHUDVGHOFDQWyQ /D FDUUHWHUD SULQFLSDO D 4XLWR HV GH  .P GH ORQJLWXG \ ORV VHUYLFLRV GH WUDQVSRUWH JHQHUDOPHQWH UHDOL]DQ XQ YLDMH GH  KRUDV OD FDUUHWHUD VH HQFXHQWUD HQ EXHQ HVWDGR VLQ ]RQDVGHFRQJHVWLyQFRQVLGHUDEOHV $ *XD\DTXLO KD\ XQD GLVWDQFLD GH  NP JUDQ SDUWH GH HVWD UXWD KD VLGR DPSOLDGD \ PHMRUDGDHQFRQWUiQGRVHHQFRQGLFLRQHVGHWUDQVLWDELOLGDG (O FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH FDUHFH GH XQD WHUPLQDO WHUUHVWUH FXHQWD FRQ XQD SDUDGD GH EXVHV XELFDGDHQHOFHQWURGHODXUEHDODDOWXUDGHODDYHQLGD6XFUHHQGRQGHVHDVLHQWDQODV RILFLQDV GH WUDQVSRUWDFLyQ S~EOLFD OR SREODGR GHO OXJDU VXV HVWUHFKDV FDOOHV \ OD IDOWD GH VHxDOL]DFLyQFUHDQXQDPELHQWHGHGHVRUGHQ\KRVWLJDPLHQWRVLQEULQGDUDVLVWHQFLDEiVLFD FRPR DVLHQWRV GH HVSHUD iUHDV GH VRPEUD VHUYLFLRV KLJLpQLFRV FRQWURO GH VHJXULGDG VXPDGRDHVWRODSUHVHQFLDGHFRPHUFLDQWHVLQIRUPDOHV

  Pรกgina251de395


 'HQWUR GHO FDQWyQ VH HQFXHQWUDQ RILFLQDV GH OD &RUSRUDFLyQ 1DFLRQDO GH 7HOHFRPXQLFDFLRQHV\OD&RUSRUDFLyQ1DFLRQDOGH(OHFWULFLGDGTXLHQHVSUHVWDQORVVHUYLFLRV DODFLXGDGDQtD  $&&(62$6(59,&,26'(7(/(&2081,&$&,21(6 (O VHUYLFLR WHOHIyQLFR FRQYHQFLRQDO HVWi GRWDGR SRU OD &RUSRUDFLyQ 1DFLRQDO GH 7HOHFRPXQLFDFLRQHV VH WUDWD GH XQ VHUYLFLR EiVLFR SDUD ORV KRJDUHV GHO FDQWyQ GDGD VX IXQFLRQDOLGDG P~OWLSOH \ VX GHVDUUROOR WHFQROyJLFR GHMy GH VHU XQ VHUYLFLR VXQWXDULR (Q OD DFWXDOLGDGH[LVWHQOtQHDVTXHGRWDQGHOVHUYLFLRGHYR]DODFLXGDGDQtDHQODFDEHFHUD FDQWRQDOH[LVWLHQGRSDUHVHQODUHGSULPDULD\HQODUHGVHFXQGDULD0LHQWUDVHQ ODV]RQDVUXUDOHVHOGpILFLWHVDOWR\DTXHVRORKD\OtQHDVGH&'0$ 7$%/$1ยƒ&2%(5785$'(/6(59,&,27(/()ร1,&2   &DQWyQ

7RWDO GH WHOHIyQLFDV

5RFDIXHUWH

OtQHDV ',6321('(/6(59,&,2



6,

12





)8(17(,1(&&(16232%<9,9 (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(

(O VHUYLFLR WHOHIyQLFR ILMR VHJ~Q ORV GDWRV HQWUHJDGRV SRU OD &17 WLHQH XQ SRUFHQWDMH GH DERQDGRVGHOHQHOWHUULWRULRFDQWRQDO 7$%/$1ยƒ',6321,%,/,'$''(/6(59,&,27(/()ร1,&2 รˆUHD

&2%(5785$ /tQHDVWHOHIyQLFDV 

&DEHFHUD&DQWRQDO



&RPXQLGDGHVUXUDOHVGHOFDQWyQ



727$/



)8(17(&17



(/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(

  Pรกgina252de395


 (O VHUYLFLR WHOHIyQLFR PyYLO WLHQH XQ SRUFHQWDMH GH DERQDGRV GHO  \ VH HQFXHQWUD XELFDGDVDQWHQDVGHFODURPRYLVWDU\&17HQHOWHUULWRULRFDQWRQDO 7$%/$1ยƒ',6321,%,/,'$''(/6(59,&,27(/()ร1,&20ร9,/   81,'$'7(55,725,$/

$%21$'26



6,





12





727$/





)8(17(,1(&&(16232%<9,9 (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57( 

'HORVXVXDULRVGHOVHUYLFLRGHYR]GHOTXHGRWDOD&17VRORHOGHODSREODFLyQ 5RFDIRUWHQVHFXHQWDFRQHOVHUYLFLRGHGDWRV LQWHUQHW ODPLWDGGHORVXVXDULRVGHOVHUYLFLR GHYR]GHOiUHDXUEDQDHVGHFLUXVXDULRVFXHQWDFRQHOVHUYLFLRPLHQWUDVTXHVROR XVXDULRVVRQGHOiUHDUXUDO  7$%/$1ยƒ',6321,%,/,'$''(/6(59,&,2'(,17(51(7   ',6321,%,/,'$''(,17(51(7

รˆUHD &$626 325&(17$-(

6L

1R









)8(17(,1(&&(16232%<9,9 (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(       

  Pรกgina253de395


 0$3$1ยƒ'(7255(6'(&2081,&$&,21(6'(/&$172152&$)8(57(



 327(1&,$,167$/$'$<7,32'(*(1(5$&,ร1'((1(5*ร‹$(/e&75,&$ (OVHUYLFLRGHHQHUJtDORSUHVWDOD&RUSRUDFLyQ1DFLRQDOGH(OHFWULFLGDGHVWHHVXQRGHORV VHUYLFLRV S~EOLFRV TXH SUHVHQWD PD\RU FREHUWXUD  HQWUH FRQH[LRQHV OHJDOHV H LOHJDOHV XQ   FRUUHVSRQGLHQWH DO VHFWRU UXUDO TXH QR GLVSRQH GH HQHUJtD HOpFWULFD GHPDQGDQGRPD\RUDWHQFLyQ $SHVDUGHODFREHUWXUDTXHVHDOFDQ]DHOVHUYLFLRGHHQHUJtDHOpFWULFDHVWiFDWDORJDGRSRU ORV KDELWDQWHV GHO FDQWyQ FRPR GHILFLHQWH SXHV QR VyOR VH WLHQHQ UHGHV REVROHWDV HQ HO VHFWRUUXUDOWDPSRFRVHGDHOPDQWHQLPLHQWRFRUUHVSRQGLHQWHDORVWUDQVIRUPDGRUHV\OtQHDV TXH GRWDQ GHO VHUYLFLR PLHQWUDV HQ HO DOXPEUDGR S~EOLFR OD PD\RUtD GH OiPSDUDV HVWiQ GDxDGDV R SDVDQ HQFHQGLGDV GtD \ QRFKH \ DXQTXH VH GHQXQFLDQ HVWRV KHFKRV HQ OD HQWLGDGFRPSHWHQWHVHKDFHFDVRRPLVRDODVSHWLFLRQHVGHODFLXGDGDQtD /D LQIUDHVWUXFWXUD HOpFWULFD GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH VH GLVWULEX\H HQ GRV VXEHVWDFLRQHV HOpFWULFDV 3DUD OD WUDQVPLVLyQ GH HQHUJtD H[LVWHQ GRV OtQHDV GH VXEWUDQVPLVLyQ XQD GH 3RUWRYLHMR5RFDIXHUWH FRQ  .P GH ORQJLWXG \ OD GH 5RFDIXHUWH7RVDJXD GH  .P

  Pรกgina254de395


 GHORQJLWXGDPEDVFRQXQYROWDMHGH.9TXHUHSUHVHQWDHOGHOWRWDOGHOtQHDVGH VXEWUDQVPLVLRQTXHWLHQHOD=RQD 7$%/$1ยƒ)250$6'(6(59,&,2(1(5*,$(/e&75,&$   5HGS~EOLFD

3DQHO6RODU

*HQHUDGRUGHOX]

2WUR

1RWLHQH











)8(17(,1(&&(16232%<9,9 (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(

 /D&1(/0DQDEtUHJLVWUDWUHVWLSRVGHXVXDULRHQHO&DQWyQUHVLGHQFLDOFRPHUFLDOHLQGXVWULDO \DOVHWLHQHORGHWDOODGRHQODVLJXLHQWHWDEOD 7$%/$1ยƒ6(59,&,23257,32'(868$5,2 7,32'($%21$'2

180(52



5(6,'(1&,$/





&20(5&,$/





,1'8675,$/





727$/$%21$'26





)8(17(&1(/0$1$%, (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57( 

    

  Pรกgina255de395


 *5È),&21ƒ6(59,&,23257,32868$5,2



)8(17(&1(/0$1$%, (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,Ï1*$'52&$)8(57(

  0$3$1ƒ68%(67$&,21(6(/(&75,&$6'(/&$172152&$)8(57(



  Página256de395


  5('(69,$/(6<'(75$163257(



(Q HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH FRQYHUJHQ  YtDV HVWDWDOHV SRU ODV TXH WUDQVLWDQ EXVHV GH WUDQVSRUWH S~EOLFR LQWHUFDQWRQDO H LQWHUSURYLQFLDO HQ OD DFWXDOLGDG QR H[LVWHQ UXWDV GH WUDQVSRUWH S~EOLFR  XUEDQR \ H[LVWH XQD FRRSHUDWLYD GH WUDQVSRUWH S~EOLFR TXH SUHVWD HO VHUYLFLR LQWUDFDQWRQDO H LQWHUFDQWRQDO FXDWUR FRRSHUDWLYDV LQWHUFDQWRQDOHV \ VHLV FRRSHUDWLYDV LQWHUSURYLQFLDOHV TXH GDQ FREHUWXUD GH WUDQVSRUWH D XQD SDUWH GHO WHUULWRULR WRGDVHOODVFRQFXUUHQDXQDSDUDGDGHEXVFRP~QXELFDGDHQODLQWHUVHFFLyQGHOD$YHQLGD 6XFUH\FDOOH(OtDV&HGHxR-HUYHVGDQGROXJDUDOFRPHUFLRIRUPDOHLQIRUPDOSURSLRGHHVWD DFWLYLGDG\DTXHQRH[LVWHXQWHUPLQDOWHUUHVWUHHQODFDEHFHUDFDQWRQDO (QHOSDUTXH&HQWUDOHQFRQWUDPRVHOHVWDFLRQDPLHQWRGHOD&RRSHUDWLYDGH7D[LV³1XHVWUD 6HxRUD GHO &DUPHQ´ TXH FXHQWD FRQ FXDUHQWD  XQLGDGHV \ GDQ VHUYLFLR GH WUDQVSRUWH DO LQWHULRU GH OD FLXGDG KDFLD ODV FRPXQLGDGHV UXUDOHV GHO FDQWyQ \ KDFLD ODV FLXGDGHV DOHGDxDVFRPR3RUWRYLHMR\0DQWD &RQ UHIHUHQFLD D ORV YHKtFXORV GH FDUJD SHVDGD H[LVWH XQD FRPSDxtD GH 7UDQVSRUWH GH FDUJDSHVDGD³92/52&$)8(57(´GHVGH)HEUHURGHOFRQIRUPDGRSRUSHUVRQDV \GLULJLGDVSRUXQ'LUHFWRULRFXHQWDQRILFLDOPHQWHFRQYHKtFXORV YROTXHWDV $FWXDOPHQWH VH HQFXHQWUDQ WUDPLWDQGR DQWH OD $JHQFLD 1DFLRQDO GH 7UiQVLWR \ OD 6XSHULQWHQGHQFLD GH &RPSDxtDVHOLQJUHVRGHSHUVRQDV\YHKtFXORVHQWUHHOORVYROTXHWDVWDQTXHUR\ FDPLRQHV GH  WRQHODGDV GH FDSDFLGDG \ OD FRRSHUDWLYD GH WUDQVSRUWH GH FDUJD OLYLDQD ³3,&+27$´ TXH VH HQFXHQWUD WUDPLWDQGR OD YDOLGDFLyQ GH VX DFXHUGR PLQLVWHULDO FRQ OD 6XSHULQWHQGHQFLDGH(FRQRPtD3RSXODU\6ROLGDULD 7DPELpQ H[LVWHQ XQD FRPSDxtD GH WUDQVSRUWH ³75$1652&$7$;,´ \ XQD FRRSHUDWLYD GH WUDQVSRUWH HVFRODU TXHVH HQFXHQWUDQ WUDPLWDQGR VX SHUPLVR GH RSHUDFLyQ DQWH OD $JHQFLD 1DFLRQDOGH7UiQVLWR /DGHPDQGDGHOVHUYLFLRGHWUDQVSRUWHS~EOLFRHVPX\DOWD\ODVIUHFXHQFLDVTXHPDQWLHQHQODV FRRSHUDWLYDVGHWUDQVSRUWHQRVDWLVIDFHQODQHFHVLGDGGHORV5RFDIRUWHQVHVVREUHWRGRGHORV HVWXGLDQWHVXQLYHUVLWDULRVTXHVHYHQHQODREOLJDFLyQGHIOHWDUYHKtFXORVSDUDUHJUHVDUVREUH WRGRHQODV QRFKHVSXHVORV EXVHV SUHILHUHQOOHYDU DSHUVRQDV TXHOOHJDQ DOGHVWLQRILQDOGH FDGDUXWD\SRUVHUSDVDMHURVGHFDPLQRQRVHOHVGDLJXDOWUDWR $GHPiVGHORVHxDODGRDQWHULRUPHQWHHQODFLXGDGKDFHIDOWDVHxDOL]DFLyQSRUORTXHDPHULWD XQ SUR\HFWR GH DPSOLDFLyQ GH VHxDOpWLFDV LQPHGLDWD TXH LQFOX\D VHPDIRUL]DFLyQ HQ OXJDUHV

  Página257de395


 HVWUDWpJLFRVVHxDOL]DFLyQYHUWLFDO\KRUL]RQWDOHQOD]RQDXUEDQD\UXUDO\FRQHVWRDSODFDUXQ SRFRORVDFFLGHQWHVGHWUiQVLWRDGHPiVGHRUGHQDUODFLXGDGHQFXDQWRDWUiQVLWR D  587$6<7,32'(6(59,&,26 (OFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHVWiVLWXDGRHQODSDUWHFHQWUDOGHODSURYLQFLDGH0DQDEtSRUpOSDVD XQR GH ORV HMHV YLDOHV SULQFLSDOHV TXH XQH &RVWD \ 6LHUUD HVWR SHUPLWH TXH D GLDULR UXWDV LQWHUSURYLQFLDOHVKDJDQVXSDVRSRUHOFDQWyQEULQGDQGRVHUYLFLRDOPHQRVGHHOODV 5HLQD GHO&DPLQR&DUORV$OEHUWR$UD\&RDFWXU)pQL[%ROtYDU\)ORWD0DQDELWD DHVWRVHVXPD ODSUHVHQFLDGHFRRSHUDWLYDVLQWHUFDQWRQDOHV &RRS5RFDIXHUWH7XUtVWLFR0DQDEt&UXFLWD  GH PD\R H +LJXHUyQ HVWD ~OWLPD WLHQH DWHQFLyQ VROR VREUH OD FRPXQLGDG GH 6RVRWH  WDPELpQ FXHQWDQ FRQ XQD FRRSHUDWLYD GH FDUJD \ PXGDQ]DV 3LFKRWD  \ XQD GH WD[LV 1XHVWUD6UDGHO&DUPHQ  7$%/$1ยƒ7,326'(6(59,&,26'(75$163257$&,ร1(1(/&$17ร1 52&$)8(57( &223(5$7,9$'(7$;,

18(675$65$'(/&$50(1

75$163257(6'(&$5*$<08'$1=$6

$62&,$&,ร13,&+27$ 785ร‹67,&20$1$%ร‹ 75$163257(&58&,7$

75$163257(6,17(5&$1721$/(6

&223(5$7,9$'(0$<2 &223(5$7,9$+,*8(5ร1 &223(5$7,9$52&$)8(57( 5(,1$'(/&$0,12 &$5/26$/%(572$5$<

75$163257(6,17(53529,1&,$/(6

&2$&785 %2/,9$5 )(1,; )/27$0$1$%,7$

)8(17(2),&,1$6'(&223(5$7,9$6'(75$163257(6&+2)(5(6'(&223(5$7,9$6 (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(

  Pรกgina258de395


 7$%/$1ƒ&223(5$7,9$6'(75$163257(&21587$6<)5(&8(1&,$ 32552&$)8(57( &223(5$7,9$6

7,32 '(75$163257$&,Ï1

/RFDO



5RFDIXHUWH

7XUtVWLFR



587$6

'DQ]DUtQ

 DP  DP SPSP

7UHV&KDUFRV

DPSP

5RFDIXHUWH3WR /RRU3RUWRYLHMR

&DGD KRUD GH  DP KDVWDSP

5RFDIXHUWH(O &HLEDO 3RUWRYLHMR

&DGD KRUD GH  DP KDVWDSP

5RFDIXHUWH5LR &KLFR 3RUWRYLHMR

&DGDKRUD

3RUWRYLHMR ± &DGDPLQXWRV 6DQ&OHPHQWH GH+D+  3RUWRYLHMR %DKtD

 ,QWHUFDQWRQDO

7851262 )5(&8(1&,$

±

0DQWD±%DKtD

&UXFLWD

GHPD\R

 5RFDIXHUWH



5RFDIXHUWH 0DQWD

± &DGDPLQXWRV

5RFDIXHUWH &UXFLWD

±

5RFDIXHUWH &KRQH

± &DGD  PLQXWRV GH KDK 

5RFDIXHUWH 3RUWRYLHMR

± &DGD  PLQXWRV GH KDK 

GH+D+ 

5RFDIXHUWH ± &DGDPLQXWRV 3RUWRYLHMR SRU GH+D+  3XHUWR/RRU  5RFDIXHUWH ± &DGDPLQXWRV 3RUWRYLHMR SRU GH+D+  5HVEDOyQ 

+LJXHUyQ

6RVRWH 3RUWRYLHMR

± &DGDPLQXWRV GH+D+ 

  Página259de395


 

5HLQDGHO&DPLQR

   

5RFDIXHUWH &KRQH

± &DGDPLQXWRV

5RFDIXHUWH 3RUWRYLHMR

± &DGDPLQXWRV

5RFDIXHUWH 4XLWR



GH+D+ 

GH+D+  DP DP



DP



DP DP

,QWHUSURYLQFLDO

SP SP SP 5RFDIXHUWH *XD\DTXLO

DP DP DP  DP  SP  SP  SP  SP  SP

&DUORV$OEHUWR$UD\

5RFDIXHUWH (VPHUDOGDV

DPDP SPSP

5RFDIXHUWH $PEDWR

DPSP

5RFDIXHUWH &KRQH

± &DGDPLQXWRV GH+D+ 

5RFDIXHUWH 4XLWR

&DGD KRUD GH K D K \ GH K D K

5RFDIXHUWH *XD\DTXLO

&DGD KRUD GH K D K

5RFDIXHUWH (VPHUDOGDV

K 

5RFDIXHUWH 6WR'RPLQJR

&DGDKRUD

5RFDIXHUWH 3RUWRYLHMR

K



± &DGDPLQXWRV GH+D+ 

  Página260de395


 &RDFWXU

5RFDIXHUWH %DKtD

± &DGDPLQXWRV GH+D+ 

5RFDIXHUWH ± &DGDKRUD 3HGHUQDOHV GH+D+  5RFDIXHUWH 4XLWR 5RFDIXHUWH *XD\DTXLO

)ORWD0DQDELWD

'

5RFDIXHUWH ± &DGDKRUDV 6DQWR'RPLQJR GH+D+  5RFDIXHUWH 3RUWRYLHMR

)pQL[

± KKK

± &DGDKRUDV GH+D+ 

5RFDIXHUWH ± &DGDKRUDV 6DQWR'RPLQJR GH+D+  5RFDIXHUWH 3RUWRYLHMR

± &DGDKRUDV GH+D+ 

)8(17(2),&,1$6'(&223(5$7,9$6'(75$163257(6&+2)(5(6'(&223(5$7,9$6 (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,Ï1*$'52&$)8(57(

'HVGH ODV + DP KDVWD ODV + SP KD\ PD\RU IUHFXHQFLD GH UXWDV HQ KRUDV GH OD QRFKHVHGLILFXOWDODWUDQVSRUWDFLyQ\HQODVPDGUXJDGDVHVFDVLQXOD(VLPSRUWDQWHUHFDOFDU TXH HQ OD DFWXDOLGDG H[LVWH XQD SUREOHPiWLFD GHELGR D OD GHPDQGD GH SDVDMHURV \ OD SRFD RIHUWDGHXQLGDGHVGHWUDQVSRUWHV /D PD\RUtD GH FRPXQLGDGHV WLHQHQ SRFR DFFHVR D ODV UXWDV GH FRRSHUDWLYDV 6RVRWH %XHQRV$LUHV(O3XHEOLWR+LJXHUyQ\6DQ-DFLQWRVHEHQHILFLDQGLUHFWDPHQWHGHODUXWDGH OD&RRSHUDWLYD&UXFLWDODVPLVPDVFRPXQLGDGHVFRQODVXPDGH6DQ (OR\VHVLUYHQGHOD FRRSHUDWLYD 7XUtVWLFR 0DQDEt PLHQWUDV 5HVEDOyQ 7DEDFDOHV 9DOGH]3XHUWR /RRU 6RVRWH (O &DUGyQ /DV )ORUHV 'DQ]DUtQ \ 2MR GH $JXD GH OD FRRSHUDWLYD 5RFDIXHUWH HO UHVWR GH FRPXQLGDGHV QR FXHQWD FRQ XQD IUHFXHQFLD GH EXVHV VXV KDELWDQWHV VH WUDVODGDQ GH XQ OXJDUDRWURHQFDUURVGHFDUJDPRWRVELFLFOHWDVRFDPLQDQGR 3RU RWUD SDUWH OD LQHTXLGDG VRFLDO VH SRQH GH PDQLILHVWR D OD KRUD GH WUDQVSRUWDU D XQD SHUVRQD GH WHUFHUD HGDG R FRQ GLVFDSDFLGDG DVt WDPELpQ HVWXGLDQWHV \ PXFKDV YHFHV QLxRVDV SXHV SDUD ORV 6HxRUHV WUDQVSRUWLVWDV VREUH WRGR LQWHUSURYLQFLDOHV HOORV   Página261de395


 UHSUHVHQWDQHOGHODWDULIDGHOSDVDMH\QROHVUHSUHVHQWDPD\RUHVJDQDQFLDVDGHPiV VH DSURYHFKDQ GH OD GHPDQGD SDUD QR TXHUHU WUDQVSRUWDU D XVXDULRV GHVGH 5RFDIXHUWH D GHVWLQRV FRUWRV FRPR 3RUWRYLHMR R YLFHYHUVD WHQLHQGR SUHIHUHQFLDV FRQ SDVDMHURV GH GHVWLQRVODUJRVTXHUHSUHVHQWHQPD\RUHVLQJUHVRVHFRQyPLFRVHQVXVHUYLFLRGHMDQGRDOD FLXGDGDQtD3LFKRWDGHVDPSDUDGDGHOVHUYLFLRGHWUDQVSRUWDFLyQ 2WUR SUREOHPD FRQ OR TXH FXHQWD HO FDQWyQ HV OD IDOWD GH SDWUXOODMH HQ ODV YtDV GH ODV FRPXQLGDGHVTXHHQVXPD\RUtDHVWiQVLQLOXPLQDFLyQ E  5('9,$/ (OFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHGLVSRQHGHDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHGHNPGHYtDVGHODVFXDOHVHO VRQYtDVHVWDWDOHVDGPLQLVWUDGDVSRUHO0LQLVWHULRGH7UDQVSRUWH\2EUDV3~EOLFDV(O VRQYtDV3URYLQFLDOHVHVWDVDFWXDOPHQWHVHHQFXHQWUDQHQEXHQHVWDGRSHURHVUHFRPHQGDEOH UHDOL]DU PDQWHQLPLHQWR SUHYHQWLYR SDUD HYLWDU HO GHWHULRUR \D TXH D WUDYpV GH HVWDV YtDV WUDQVLWDQ YHKtFXORV SHVDGRV (O  GH ODV YtDV FRUUHVSRQGHQ D FDPLQRV YHUDQHURV HO  D FDPLQRV GH KHUUDGXUD \ HO  D VHQGHURV D HVWDV YtDV VH OHV GHEH GDU PDQWHQLPLHQWRSHUPDQHQWH\DTXHHQVXPD\RUtDHVWiQHQPDOHVWDGRSRUORTXHHQLQYLHUQR VH YXHOYHQ LQWUDQVLWDEOHV \ ODV FRPXQLGDGHV TXHGDQ LQFRPXQLFDGDV \D TXH HO PHGLR GH PRYLOL]DFLyQHVHQPRWRFLFOHWDSRUODIDOWDGHEXVHVTXHFXEUDQODVUXWDVKDVWDODVPLVPDV ODVSRFDVYtDVH[LVWHQWHVHVWiQFRQVWUXLGDVVLQGUHQDMHV\KDFHQIDOWDYLDGXFWRVHQDOJXQDV FRPXQLGDGHV\HODYtDVFRUUHVSRQGHDODFDEHFHUDFDQWRQDO 7$%/$1ยƒ9,$6'(/&$17ร152&$)8(57(/21*,78'<325&(17$-( 9ร‹$6

/21* .P 



85%$1$6 &$%(&(5$&$1721$/ 





(67$7$/(6





3529,1&,$/(6





9(5$1(526





+(55$'85$





6(1'(526









727$/ )8(17(*$'52&$)8(57(

(/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(

  Pรกgina262de395


 /RV  NP GH YtD TXH WLHQH OD FLXGDG GH 5RFDIXHUWH SUHVHQWDQ GLIHUHQWHV FDSDV GH URGDGXUDODVFXDOHVKDFHQXQEDODQFHHQWUHHOEXHQ\PDOHVWDGRGHFRQVHUYDFLyQFRPRVH GHWDOODDFRQWLQXDFLyQ

7$%/$1ยƒ9,$/,'$'85%$1$ (67$'2   &$3$ '( /21* (67$'2 .0  52'$'85$ .0  %8(12 0$/2 5(*8/$5 %8(12 0$/2

5(*8/$5

$GRTXLQDGDV 













$VIDOWDGDV '56% /DVWUDGDV

  





































+RUPLJyQ















727$/















 )8(17(*$'52&$)8(57( (/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57( 

/D]RQDXUEDQDFXHQWDFRQ.PGHDFHUD\ERUGLOORVDOJXQDVGHODVFXDOHV\DFXPSOLHURQ VXFLFOR 0$3$1ยƒ9,$6'(/&$172152&$)8(57(

 )8(17(*$'52&$)8(57((/$%25$'2(48,327e&1,&2'(3/$1,),&$&,ร1*$'52&$)8(57(

  Pรกgina263de395




$0(1$=$6$/&20321(17(029,/,'$'(1(5*ร‹$<&21(&7,9,'$'  (QHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVHHQFXHQWUDQGRV]RQDVGHILQLGDVOD]RQDEDMDTXHVHHQFXHQWUD GHILQLGD SRU WHUUHQRV SODQRV HQ HO YDOOH GHO ULR 3RUWRYLHMR \ OD ]RQD DOWD GRQGH VXV HOHYDFLRQHV QR VREUHSDVDQ ORV  PVQP SRU HVWDV FXDOLGDGHV VH WLHQHQ LGHQWLILFDGDV DPHQD]DVGLIHUHQWHVHQFDGD]RQD /D PD\RU DPHQD]D HV SRU LQXQGDFLRQHV HVWDV VH SURGXFHQ HQ HO YDOOH GHO ULR 3RUWRYLHMR HQWUHODVFRQVHFXHQFLDVGHHVWDDPHQD]DVHHQFXHQWUDHOGDxRGHODVYtDVORFXDOSURGXFHQ TXHYDULDVFRPXQLGDGHVVHTXHGHQLQFRPXQLFDGDVVLQVHUYLFLRHOpFWULFRQLWHOHIyQLFR\DTXH ODV OOXYLDV SURGXFHQ GDxR HQ HO VLVWHPD \ QR KD\ ODV IDFLOLGDGHV GH OOHJDU D GDU PDQWHQLPLHQWRPXFKDVYLYLHQGDVTXHGDQWRWDORSDUFLDOPHQWHGDxDGDVSURYRFDQGRTXHODV IDPLOLDVWHQJDQTXHDFXGLUDDOEHUJXHVXELFDGRVHQ]RQDVVHJXUDGHOFDQWyQ\FRQIDFLOLGDG GHDFFHVR\VHUYLFLRVEiVLFRV (QOD]RQDKD\DOWDH[LVWHQDPHQD]DVGHGHVOL]DPLHQWRORTXHHQLQYLHUQRSURGXFHQTXHODV YtDVVHFLHUUHQHOVLVWHPDHOpFWULFRVHGDxH\GHMHQFRPXQLGDGHVVLQDFFHVRYHKLFXODUODV OOXYLDV SURYRFDQ TXH ORV FDPLQRV VH GDxHQ \ OD FRPXQLFDFLyQ WHOHIyQLFD HQ HVWD ]RQD VHD QXODHVWRSURYRFDTXHQRVHSXHGDLQJUHVDUDGDUPDQWHQLPLHQWRDOVHUYLFLRHOpFWULFR\ODV SHUVRQDVWHQJDQGLILFXOWDGSDUDFRPXQLFDUVH 3DUD OOHJDU DO KRVSLWDO EiVLFR VH WLHQH HO DFFHVR SULQFLSDO SRU OD YtD (VWDWDO ( \ OD YtD DOWHUQDTXHHVXQDYtDGHVHJXQGRRUGHQHOFXHUSRGHERPEHURVFUX]URMD\SURWHFFLyQFLYLO HVWiQ XELFDGDV HQ OD FDEHFHUD FDQWDO SRU OR TXH OD ~QLFD GLILFXOWDG TXH WHQGUtDQ SDUD PRYLOL]DUVHVHUtDHOWUiILFRHQHOFHQWURGHODFLXGDG

                  Pรกgina264de395




0$75,='(9$5,$%/(6327(1&,$/,'$'(6<352%/(0$6 

9$5,$%/(6

327(1&,$/,'$'(6 (;,67(1&,$'(2),&,1$'(/$ &17(1(/&$1721

$&&(626$6(59,&,26 '( $62&,$&,21'(-89(178'(6 7(/(&2081,&$&,21(6 '(52&$)8(57(08(675$ ,17(5(6'((035(1',0,(172 '(5$',2-89(1,/

7,32'(*(1(5$&,21 '((1(5*,$(/(&75,&$

(;,67(1&,$'(/$2),&,1$'( /$&1(/(1(/&$1721 (;,67(1&,$'(68%(67$&,21 (1(/7(55,725,2

&219(1,2&21(/*2%,(512 3529,1&,$/'(0$1$%,

352%/(0$6 (6&$626(59,&,2'( 7(/(&2081,&$&,21(6(1 (/&$1721

5$',2/2&$/126$7,6)$&( /$61(&(6,'$'(6'(/ &$1721

(6&$626(59,&,2 (/(&75,&2(1(/&$1721

6,67(0$9,$/(10$/ (67$'2<&21&$/=$'$ 5('8&,'$ 12)81&,21$/(6  (1/$=21$585$/ &$5(1&,$<'$f26(1 9,$'8&726'(9$5,$69,$6 585$/(6

5('(69,$/(6'( 75$163257(

*$'&8(17$&21(48,32 &$0,1(523$5$ 0$17(1,0,(1729,$/

081,&,3,2&21&203(7(1&,$ '(75$16,72$680,'$(1 &$7(*25,$&

6,67(0$9,$/85%$12(1 0$/(67$'2(,1&203/(72

(6&$6(='(6(f$/(7,&$6 (1/$&$172152&$)8(57( ,1(;,67(1&,$'( &223(5$7,9$6'( 75$63257(,175$ &$1721$/

      Pรกgina265de395




 ',$*1Ï67,&2 32/Ë7,&2 ,167,78&,21$/ < 3$57,&,3$&,Ï1 &,8'$'$1$ /D DFWXDO (VWUXFWXUD 2UJiQLFD )XQFLRQDO HVWi DFRUGH DO PDUFR MXUtGLFR YLJHQWH SDUD HO FXPSOLPLHQWR GH ORV ILQHV \ HO HMHUFLFLR GH VXV FRPSHWHQFLDV FRQVWLWXFLRQDOHV H[FOXVLYDV WDQWR ODV GHWHUPLQDGDV HQ HO &yGLJR 2UJiQLFR GH 2UJDQL]DFLyQ 7HUULWRULDO $XWRQRPtD \ 'HVFHQWUDOL]DFLyQ \ ODV TXH OD DVLJQH HO &RQVHMR 1DFLRQDO GH &RPSHWHQFLDV FRPR FRQFXUUHQWHVDGLFLRQDOHV\RUHVLGXDOHVRODVGHOHJDGDVSRURWURVQLYHOHVGHJRELHUQREDMR ORV SULQFLSLRV GH HILFLHQFLD HILFDFLD VROLGDULGDG (O *RELHUQR $XWyQRPR 'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR 0XQLFLSDO GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HVWi RUJDQL]DGR GH  DFXHUGR D OD (VWUXFWXUD 2UJiQLFD )XQFLRQDO DSUREDGD HO  GH MXQLR GHO  OD FXDO RUJiQLFDPHQWH GHILQH ORV VLJXLHQWHV SURFHVRV ¾ 3URFHVRV*REHUQDQWHV ¾ 3URFHVRV6XVWDQWLYRVR$JUHJDGRUHVGH9DORUHV ¾ 3URFHVRV+DELOLWDQWHVGH$VHVRUtD\$SR\R 3DUWLFLSDFLyQ DUWLFXODFLyQ LQWHUJXEHUQDPHQWDO VXEVLGLDULGDG FRPSOHPHQWDULHGDG \ WUDQVSDUHQFLD (O*RELHUQR$XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHDFDWDQGRORTXHFRQVDJUD HO $UWtFXOR  GH OD &RQVWLWXFLyQ GH OD 5HS~EOLFD GHO (FXDGRU $UWLFXOR  QXPHUDO J  GHO &yGLJR 2UJiQLFR GH 2UJDQL]DFLyQ 7HUULWRULDO $XWRQRPtD \ 'HVFHQWUDOL]DFLyQ ³&227$'´ $UWtFXOR  GHO &yGLJR 2UJiQLFR GH 3ODQLILFDFLyQ \ )LQDQ]DV 3~EOLFDV EXVFD LQFOXLU  GH PDQHUDSURWDJyQLFDODSDUWLFLSDFLyQFLXGDGDQDHQWRGRVORViPELWRVGHODFFLRQDUPXQLFLSDO OR TXH HVWi GHWHUPLQDGR HQ OD (VWUXFWXUD 2UJiQLFD )XQFLRQDO YLJHQWH GHQWUR GHO 3URFHVR *REHUQDQWH FRPR 3URFHVR GH 3DUWLFLSDFLyQ &LXGDGDQD \ &RQWURO 6RFLDO  SDUD HOOR VH H[SLGH/D2UGHQDQ]DTXHUHIRUPDWRWDOPHQWHD³/D2UGHQDQ]DTXHUHJXODODFRQIRUPDFLyQ GHO 6LVWHPD GH 3DUWLFLSDFLyQ &LXGDGDQD ORV SURFHVRV GH 7UDQVSDUHQFLD \ ORV 3URFHVRV GH 3ODQLILFDFLyQ SDUWLFLSDWLYD HQ HO *RELHUQR $XWyQRPR 'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR 0XQLFLSDO GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH´DSUREDGDFRQIHFKDGH-XQLRGHOVLHQGRVXILQDOLGDGLQVWLWXFLRQDOL]DU\ UHJXODU HVSDFLRV \ PHFDQLVPRV GH SDUWLFLSDFLyQ FLXGDGDQD SURFHVRV GH SODQLILFDFLyQ SDUWLFLSDWLYDDFFHVRDODLQIRUPDFLyQS~EOLFD\WUDQVSDUHQFLDHQODJHVWLyQGHO*RELHUQR $XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHSDUDTXHODSREODFLyQVHDSDUWH GHO GHVDUUROOR ORFDO GHVGH WRGDV VXV RUJDQL]DFLRQHV \ VHFWRUHV LQWHUFDPELDQGR FRQ HO *RELHUQR $XWyQRPR 'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR 0XQLFLSDO RSLQLRQHV \ SURSXHVWDV TXH SURSHQGDQ  D PHMRUDUODFDOLGDGGHYLGDGHORVKDELWDQWHVGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

  Página266de395


 3DUDHIHFWRVGHSURPRYHUODSDUWLFLSDFLyQGHODFLXGDGDQtDGHFRQIRUPLGDGDODRUGHQDQ]D YLJHQWHVHHVWDEOHFHQODVVLJXLHQWHVLQVWDQFLDV D  &RQVHMRV&DQWRQDOHV E  $VDPEOHDFLXGDGDQDFDQWRQDO F  0HVDV6HFWRULDOHV G  $XGLHQFLDV3~EOLFDV H  'HODVFRPLVLRQHVJHQHUDOHV I  6LOOD9DFtD J  &DELOGRVSRSXODUHV K  &RQVHMRVEDUULDOHV\SDUURTXLDOHVXUEDQRV (Q ORV DFWXDOHV PRPHQWRV  HO *RELHUQR $XWyQRPR 'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR 0XQLFLSDO WLHQH FRQIRUPDGRORVVLJXLHQWHV&RQVHMRV&RQVHMR&DQWRQDOGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ&RQVHMR&DQWRQDO GH6HJXULGDG&LXGDGDQD&RQVHMR&DQWRQDOSDUDOD3URWHFFLyQGH'HUHFKRVGHORV*UXSRV GH$WHQFLyQ3ULRULWDULDWDPELpQVHFXHQWDDODSUHVHQWHIHFKDFRQXQD$VDPEOHDFLXGDGDQD ORFDO $SHVDUGHHVWDUGHWHUPLQDGRH[SUHVDPHQWHHQOD&RQVWLWXFLyQGHOD5HS~EOLFDGHO(FXDGRU HQ HO &yGLJR 2UJiQLFD GH 2UJDQL]DFLyQ 7HUULWRULDO $XWRQRPtD \ 'HVFHQWUDOL]DFLyQ /H\ 2UJiQLFDGH3DUWLFLSDFLyQ&LXGDGDQD\2UGHQDQ]DYLJHQWHVXDSOLFDFLyQQRVHKDFXPSOLGR DGHFXDGDPHQWHGHELGRDTXHQRH[LVWHXQDFXOWXUDGHGLIXVLyQXQLGRDODGHVPRWLYDFLyQ\ IDOWD GH LQWHUpV SRU SDUWH GH OD FLXGDGDQtD HQ OD DSOLFDFLyQ \ HMHFXFLyQ  GH ODV QRUPDWLYDV FRQVWLWXFLRQDOHV \  OHJDOHV SRU SDUWH GH ODV LQVWLWXFLRQHV SHUWLQHQWHV OR TXH  VH HYLGHQFLy FRQ  OD EDMD SDUWLFLSDFLyQ GH OD FLXGDGDQtD D ODV LQYLWDFLRQHV GH HYHQWRV UHDOL]DGDV SRU HO *RELHUQR $XWyQRPR 'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR 0XQLFLSDO GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HQ ORV TXH OD /H\ H[LJHTXHODFLXGDGDQtDVHDSDUWtFLSH 

,167580(1726 '( 3/$1,),&$&,ร1 < 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ 9,*(17( 2 (;,67(17( (1 (/ *2%,(512 $87ร1202 '(6&(175$/,=$'2 081,&,3$/'(/&$17ร152&$)8(57($6ร‹&202(/0$5&2/(*$/9,*(17( (O*RELHUQR$XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHDFWXDOPHQWHFXHQWD FRQXQ3ODQGH'HVDUUROOR\2UGHQDPLHQWR7HUULWRULDOYLJHQWHHOPLVPRTXHIXHFRQRFLGR\ DSUREDGRSRUOD$VDPEOHD&DQWRQDOHOGHGLFLHPEUHGHO\PHGLDQWH5HVROXFLyQ

  Pรกgina267de395


 1R  GH IHFKD  GH GLFLHPEUH GHO  HO 3UHVLGHQWH GHO &RQVHMR &DQWRQDO GH 3ODQLILFDFLyQ HPLWH 5HVROXFLyQ IDYRUDEOH VREUH ODV SULRULGDGHV HVWUDWpJLFDV GH GHVDUUROOR FRQWHQLGDV HQ OD SURSXHVWD GHO 3ODQ GH 'HVDUUROOR \ 2UGHQDPLHQWR 7HUULWRULDO  GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH   (V LPSRUWDQWH LQGLFDU TXH D OD SUHVHQWH IHFKD WHQHPRV OD VLJXLHQWH LQVWUXPHQWDFLyQYLJHQWHGHSODQLILFDFLyQ ¾ &RQVWLWXFLyQGHOD5HS~EOLFDGHO(FXDGRU ¾ &yGLJR2UJiQLFRGH2UJDQL]DFLyQ7HUULWRULDO$XWRQRPtD\'HVFHQWUDOL]DFLyQ ¾ &yGLJR2UJiQLFRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ\)LQDQ]DV3~EOLFDV ¾ 3ODQ1DFLRQDOGH%XHQ9LYLU ¾ 2UGHQDQ]D TXH UHJXOD OD UHFROHFFLyQ GH EDVXUDV UHVLGXRV \ GHVSHUGLFLRV HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWHSXEOLFDGRHQHO5HJLVWUR2ILFLDO1RGHOMXHYHVGHPD\RGHO ¾ 2UGHQDQ]D TXH 5HJODPHQWD HO XVR GHO VXHOR HQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH SXEOLFDGD HQ HO 5HJLVWUR2ILFLDO1RGHOOXQHVGHQRYLHPEUHGHO ¾ 2UGHQDQ]DTXHUHJXODODFRQVWUXFFLyQHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHSXEOLFDGDHQHO5HJLVWUR 2ILFLDO1RGHOMXHYHVGHQRYLHPEUHGHO ¾ 2UGHQDQ]DGH6XEGLYLVLRQHVSUHGLDOHVHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHSXEOLFDGDHQHO5HJLVWUR 2ILFLDO1RGHOMXHYHVGQRYLHPEUHGHO ¾ 2UGHQDQ]DTXHUHJODPHQWDHOXVR\RFXSDFLyQGHODYtDS~EOLFDHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH SXEOLFDGDHQHO5HJLVWUR2ILFLDO1RGHOPDUWHVGHHQHURGHO ¾ 5HVROXFLyQ$GPLQLVWUDWLYD1R'3=9GHIHFKDGHMXQLRGHOODPLVPD TXH FRQWLHQH HO 5HJODPHQWR SDUD OD GHVLJQDFLyQ GH ORV UHSUHVHQWDQWHV FLXGDGDQRV ]RQDOHVDO&RQVHMRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH 

0$3(2'($&725(63Ã&#x2019;%/,&2635,9$'2662&,('$'&,9,/ (O*RELHUQR$XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHSDUDHOSURFHVRGHO GHVDUUROOR GHO 3ODQ GH 'HVDUUROOR \ 2UGHQDPLHQWR 7HUULWRULDO   HQ YLJHQFLD FRQWy FRQ OD YDOLRVD SDUWLFLSDFLyQ GH FLXGDGDQRV  TXH IXHURQ FRQYRFDGRV  D XQD DVDPEOHD JHQHUDO FRQVLGHUDQGRODV]RQDVDOWDEDMD\XUEDQDHQODTXHVHUHDOL]DURQPHVDVGHWUDEDMRFRQORV GLIHUHQWHVVLVWHPDV 3DUD OD DFWXDOL]DFLyQ GHO 3ODQ GH 'HVDUUROOR \ 2UGHQDPLHQWR 7HUULWRULDO VH KD WUDEDMDGR HQ EDVHDOD5HVROXFLyQ$GPLQLVWUDWLYD1R'3=9TXHFRQWLHQHHO5HJODPHQWRSDUD OD GHVLJQDFLyQ GH ORV UHSUHVHQWDQWHV FLXGDGDQRV ]RQDOHV DO &RQVHMR GH 3ODQLILFDFLyQ GHO FDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH

  Página268de395


 7DPELpQVHGHVDUUROODURQ$VDPEOHDV/RFDOHVHQWUHV]RQDVDOWD EDMD\XUEDQDGHOFDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH FRQ OD ILQDOLGDG GH WHQHU PD\RU SDUWLFLSDFLyQ FLXGDGDQD  FRQWDQGR DVt FRQ PXFKRVDFWRUHVXUEDQRV\UXUDOHVUHSUHVHQWDQWHVGHLQVWLWXFLRQHVS~EOLFDVFRPRSULYDGDV \FLXGDGDQtDHQJHQHUDO (Q OD WDEOD  GHO FRPSRQHQWH 6RFLR &XOWXUDO FRQVWDQ ORV DFWRUHV ORFDOHV GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWHDFRQWLQXDFLyQHQHO0DSDVHHQFXHQWUDPDSHDGRODXELFDFLyQGHHVWRV DFWRUHV 0$3$8%,&$&,ร1'($&725(6(1(/0$3$

 (ODERUDGR(TXLSRGH3ODQLILFDFLyQGHO*$'5RFDIXHUWH  





(6758&785$

<

&$3$&,'$'(6

'(/

*2%,(512

$87ร1202

'(6&(175$/,=$'23$5$/$*(67,ร1'(/7(55,725,2 (O*RELHUQR$XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHDFWXDOPHQWHFXHQWD FRQ XQD HVWUXFWXUD RUJiQLFD DSUREDGD \ SXHVWD HQ YLJHQFLD  PHGLDQWH 5HVROXFLyQ $GPLQLVWUDWLYD 1R '3=9 GHVGH HO  GH MXQLR GHO  HQ OD FXDO VH KD FRQVLGHUDGRXQDGLVWULEXFLyQGHSXHVWRVDFRUGHDODQHFHVLGDGLQVWLWXFLRQDO\FRPSHWHQFLDV TXHFRPRPXQLFLSLRKDDVXPLGR\GHEHDVXPLUDFRUWRSOD]RGHDFXHUGRDODVUHIRUPDVGHO &yGLJR2UJiQLFRGH2UJDQL]DFLyQ7HUULWRULDO$XWRQRPtD\'HVFHQWUDOL]DFLyQFRQWDQGRDVtD OD SUHVHQWH IHFKD FRQ SHUVRQDO GH SODQWD \ FRQWUDWDGRV SUHYLHQGR D IXWXUR UHDOL]DU ORV   Pรกgina269de395


 UHVSHFWLYRV FRQFXUVRV GH PpULWRV \ RSRVLFLyQ SDUD OOHQDU ODV YDFDQWHV H[LVWHQWHV FRQ OD ILQDOLGDGGHEULQGDUXQH[FHOHQWHVHUYLFLRDODFROHFWLYLGDGURFDIRUWHQVH /D HVWUXFWXUD RUJiQLFD LQFOX\H XQ PDSD GH SURFHVRV PLVPR TXH HV HO FRQMXQWR GH DFWLYLGDGHV GLQiPLFDPHQWH LQWHUUHODFLRQDGDV TXH WRPDQ LQVXPRV GHO HQWRUQR DJUHJDQGR YDORU SDUD WUDQVIRUPDU HQ VHUYLFLRV \ SURGXFWRV ILQDOHV D VHU HQWUHJDGRV D ORV FLXGDGDQRV FRPRUHVSXHVWDDVXVGHPDQGDV /DJHVWLyQSRUSURFHVRVHVXQPRGHORVLVWHPiWLFRTXHSHUPLWHHOGLVHxR\ODLPSOHPHQWDFLyQ GH HVWUXFWXUDV RUJDQL]DFLRQDOHV FRQ OD GHWHUPLQDFLyQ GH UHVSRQVDELOLGDGHV UHFXUVRV \ SURFHGLPLHQWRVSDUDGHHVWDIRUPDDOFDQ]DUHOORJURGHORVREMHWLYRVLQVWLWXFLRQDOHV /RV3URFHVRVGHO*RELHUQR$XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR0XQLFLSDOGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHVH RUGHQDQ\FODVLILFDQHQIXQFLyQGHVXJUDGRGHGLVWULEXFLyQRYDORUDJUHJDGRDOFXPSOLPLHQWR GHODPLVLyQ\YLVLyQLQVWLWXFLRQDO *5$),&2(6758&785$25*$1,=$&,21$/'(/*$'

 )XHQWH'LUHFFLyQ$GPLQLVWUDWLYD\GH7DOHQWR+XPDQR (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

  Pรกgina270de395


 7$%/$ 0$75,= '( '(6&5,3&,ร1 '( /$ 9$5,$%/( '( /$ (6758&785$ < &$3$&,'$'(6 '(/ *2%,(512 $87ร1202 '(6&(175$/,=$'2 3$5$ /$ *(67,ร1'(/7(55,725,2 3URFHVRV

'HVFULSFLyQ

$FWRUHV  3URFHVR/HJLVODWLYR\GH)LVFDOL]DFLyQ /R FRQVWLWX\H HO &RQFHMR GHO *RELHUQR $XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR0XQLFLSDOGHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH TXH HVWi LQWHJUDGR SRU HO $OFDOGH R $OFDOGHVD TXH OR SUHVLGLUi \ SRU ORV &RQFHMDOHV R &RQFHMDODV HOHJLGRV SRU YRWDFLyQ SRSXODU

&RQVWLWX\HQ HO QLYHO  3URFHVRV *REHUQDQWHV PiV DOWR GH OD RUJDQL]DFLyQ  FRQVHFXHQWHPHQWH RULHQWDQ \ GHILQHQ OD IRUPXODFLyQ GHO SROtWLFDV GLUHFWULFHV SODQHVHVWUDWpJLFRV\ OD H[SHGLFLyQ GH LQVWUXPHQWRV SDUD OD JHVWLyQLQVWLWXFLRQDO

 3URFHVR(MHFXWLYR /RUHSUHVHQWDHO$OFDOGHR$OFDOGHVDGHO *RELHUQR$XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGRGHO &DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH  3URFHVR GH 3DUWLFLSDFLyQ &LXGDGDQD \ &RQWURO6RFLDO (V OD LQWHUYHQFLyQ GH OD FRPXQLGDG GH PDQHUDIRUPDODWUDYpVGHODVGLIHUHQWHV LQVWDQFLDV UHFRQRFLGDV HQ OD /H\ 2UJiQLFDGH3DUWLFLSDFLyQ&LXGDGDQD 

 6XVWDQWLYRV 6H HQFDUJDQ GH OD R HMHFXFLyQ GLUHFWD GH $JUHJDGRUHV ODV DFFLRQHV SDUD GH9DORU ORJUDU OD SUHVWDFLyQ GH ORV GLIHUHQWHV VHUYLFLRV KDFLD HO FLXGDGDQR HVWiQ D FDUJR GH FXPSOLU GLUHFWDPHQWH FRQ OD PLVLyQ ORV REMHWLYRV \ ILQDOLGDGHV GHO *RELHUQR $XWyQRPR 'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR 0XQLFLSDO GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HMHFXWD ORV SODQHV SURJUDPDV SURFHVRV SUR\HFWRV \ GHPiV SROtWLFDV \ GHFLVLRQHV GHO 3URFHVR*REHUQDQWH

     

         

1LYHO2SHUDWLYR 'LUHFFLyQ GH ,QJHQLHUtD \ )LVFDOL]DFLyQ FRPSXHVWD SRU ODV VLJXLHQWHVVHFFLRQHV )LVFDOL]DFLyQ ,QJHQLHUtD\&RQVWUXFFLRQHV 0DTXLQDULD\(TXLSRV 'LUHFFLyQ GH 'HVDUUROOR $JURSHFXDULR &RRSHUDFLyQ ,QWHUQDFLRQDO $PELHQWH \ 7XULVPR FRPSXHVWD SRU ODV VLJXLHQWHV VHFFLRQHV 6HJXULGDG-XVWLFLD\9LJLODQFLD 'HVDUUROOR$JURSHFXDULR $PELHQWH\รˆUHDV&RPXQDOHV $VHR 5HFROHFFLyQ \ 'LVSRVLFLyQ ILQDOGH5HVLGXRV6yOLGRV *HVWLyQGH&DPDOHV\0HUFDGRV 7XULVPR 5HJLVWUDGXUtD GH OD 3URSLHGDG FRPSXHVWDSRU ,QVFULSFLRQHV\&HUWLILFDFLRQHV 6HFFLyQ7pFQLFD 'LUHFFLyQ GH &RPXQLFDFLyQ 'HVDUUROOR +XPDQR \ &XOWXUD FRPSXHVWD SRU ODV VLJXLHQWHV

  Pรกgina271de395


        +DELOLWDQWHV 6RQ DTXHOORV TXH GH $VHVRUtD SUHVWDQ DVLVWHQFLD \$SR\R WpFQLFD PDQHMDQ HO WDOHQWR KXPDQR PDWHULDOHV\UHFXUVRV ILQDQFLHURV GH WLSR FRPSOHPHQWDULRDORV GHPiV SURFHVRV DGHPiV FRUUHVSRQGH DO DSR\R FRQVXOWLYR GH D\XGD R FRQVHMR 6X UHODFLyQ HV LQGLUHFWD FRQ UHVSHFWR D ORV SURFHVRV VXVWDQWLYRV X RSHUDWLYRV 6XV DFFLRQHV VH SHUIHFFLRQDQ D WUDYpV GHO SURFHVR (MHFXWLYR

                           

VHFFLRQHV 5HODFLRQHV3~EOLFDV 0HGLRV,QIRUPiWLFRV (GXFDFLyQ&XOWXUD\'HSRUWHV 'HVDUUROOR+XPDQR\$FFLyQ6RFLDO 'LUHFFLyQ 7pFQLFD $GPLQLVWUDWLYD SDUD OD 3URWHFFLyQ GH 'HUHFKRV GH ORV*UXSRVGH$WHQFLyQ3ULRULWDULD 3URFHVRV +DELOLWDQWHV GH $VHVRUtD 3URFXUDGXUtD6tQGLFD $XGLWRUtD,QWHUQD $VHVRUHV QDFLRQDOHV \R H[WUDQMHURV 3URFHVR+DELOLWDQWHVGH$SR\R 'LUHFFLyQ GH 3ODQLILFDFLyQ \ 3UR\HFWRV FRPSXHVWD SRU ODV VLJXLHQWHVVHFFLRQHV 3ODQLILFDFLyQ 3UR\HFWRV $YDO~RV\&DWDVWURV 7UiQVLWR 7UDQVSRUWH 7HUUHVWUH \ 6HJXULGDG9tDO *HVWLyQGH5LHVJRV &XHUSRGH%RPEHURV $GPLQLVWUDFLyQ3RUWDO6(5&23 6HFUHWDUtDGH&RQFHMR 6HFUHWDUtDGH$OFDOGtD 'LUHFFLyQ )LQDQFLHUD FRPSXHVWD SRUODVVLJXLHQWHVVHFFLRQHV &RQWDELOLGDG 7HVRUHUtD 5HQWDV $GTXLVLFLRQHV %RGHJD $UFKLYR*HQHUDO 'LUHFFLyQ $GPLQLVWUDWLYD \ GH 7DOHQWR +XPDQR FRPSXHVWD SRU ODVVLJXLHQWHVVHFFLRQHV 3URFHVRVGH7DOHQWR+XPDQR $GPLQLVWUDWLYD 1yPLQD 6DOXG2FXSDFLRQDO

)XHQWH'LUHFFLyQ$GPLQLVWUDWLYD\GH7DOHQWR+XPDQR (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH 

      Pรกgina272de395


 *5$),&2&$'(1$'(9$/25'(/*$'

 )XHQWH'LUHFFLyQ$GPLQLVWUDWLYD\GH7DOHQWR+XPDQR (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

 &DEH LQGLFDU TXH GHQWUR GH ORV SURFHVRV DQWHULRUPHQWH GHVFULWRV H[LVWHQ ORV VLJXLHQWHV YDFDQWHV\SXHVWRVFRQSHUVRQDOFRQWUDWDGR x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x

$VLVWHQWH$GPLQLVWUDWLYRGHOD8QLGDGGH$XGLWRUtD,QWHUQD 5HVSRQVDEOHGH$UFKLYR*HQHUDO 5HVSRQVDEOHGH3ODQLILFDFLyQ 5HVSRQVDEOHGH3UR\HFWRV 5HVSRQVDEOHGH7UiQVLWR7UDQVSRUWH7HUUHVWUH\6HJXULGDG9tDO 5HVSRQVDEOHGH5LHVJRV 5HVSRQVDEOHGH&XHUSRGH%RPEHURV 5HVSRQVDEOHGH$GPLQLVWUDFLyQ3RUWDO6(5&23 $VLVWHQWH$GPLQLVWUDWLYRGHOD'LUHFFLyQ$GPLQLVWUDWLYD\GH7DOHQWR+XPDQR 5HVSRQVDEOHGH1yPLQD 0pGLFRHQ6DOXG2FXSDFLRQDO $X[LOLDUGH(QIHUPHUtD 7pFQLFR6$57 6LVWHPDGH$XGLWRULDGH5LHVJRVGHO7UDEDMR  $VLVWHQWH7pFQLFRGHOD'LUHFFLyQGH,QJHQLHUtD\)LVFDOL]DFLyQ 5HVSRQVDEOHGH0DTXLQDULDV\(TXLSRV $VLVWHQWH$GPLQLVWUDWLYRGH0DTXLQDULDV\(TXLSRV $VLVWHQWH $GPLQLVWUDWLYR GH OD 'LUHFFLyQ GH 'HVDUUROOR $JURSHFXDULR &RRSHUDFLyQ ,QWHUQDFLRQDO$PELHQWH\7XULVPR 5HVSRQVDEOHGH'HVDUUROOR$JURSHFXDULR 5HVSRQVDEOHGH$VHR5HFROHFFLyQ\'LVSRVLFLyQ)LQDOGH5HVLGXRV6yOLGRV 5HVSRQVDEOHGH*HVWLyQGH0HUFDGRV\&DPDOHV 5HVSRQVDEOHGH7XULVPR 

 Pรกgina273de395


 x x x x x x x x x x

$VLVWHQWH$GPLQLVWUDWLYRGHOD'LUHFFLyQGH&RPXQLFDFLyQ'HVDUUROOR+XPDQR\&XOWXUD 5HVSRQVDEOHGH0HGLRV,QIRUPiWLFRV $VLVWHQWH$GPLQLVWUDWLYRGH%LEOLRWHFD $VLVWHQWH7pFQLFRSDUDOD'LUHFFLyQGH3URWHFFLyQGH'HUHFKRV 0LHPEURGH-XQWD&DQWRQDO3URWHFFLyQGH'HUHFKRV 0LHPEURGH-XQWD&DQWRQDO3URWHFFLyQGH'HUHFKRV 0LHPEURGH-XQWD&DQWRQDO3URWHFFLyQGH'HUHFKRV 3VLFyORJR&OtQLFR 7UDEDMDGRU6RFLDO $VLVWHQWH7pFQLFRGHOD5HJLVWUDGXUtDGHOD3URSLHGDG

$OQRFRQWDUHO*$'0XQLFLSDOFRQSHUVRQDOGHSODQWDVHUHWUDVDQORVSURFHVRV\GLVPLQX\H OD FDOLGDG GHO VHUYLFLR PXQLFLSDO SDUD FRQ OD FLXGDGDQtD SRU OR TXH GHEHQ OOHQDUVH GLFKRV SXHVWRV \ YDFDQWHV FRQIRUPH OR GHWHUPLQD OD 1RUPD 7pFQLFD GHO 6XEVLVWHPD GH 5HFOXWDPLHQWR\6HOHFFLyQGH3HUVRQDOHPLWLGDSRUHO0LQLVWHULRGH5HODFLRQHV/DERUDOHV

  $1รˆ/,6,6 < 6,67(0$7,=$&,ร1 '( (;3(5,(1&,$6 62%5( 3/$1,),&$&,ร1 < 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ (1 (/ *2%,(512 $87ร1202 '(6&(175$/,=$'2 '(/&$17ร152&$)8(57( 6,67(0$6'(,1)250$&,ร1/2&$/(6 (Q HO FDQWyQ H[LVWH OD UDGLR ORFDO 5RFDIXHUWH  )0 PHGLR HQ HO TXH HO *$' 0XQLFLSDO UHDOL]DODVGLIXVLRQHV GH ODV GLYHUVDV DFWLYLGDGHV TXH HMHFXWD DVtFRPR WDPELpQ ODV FXxDV LQIRUPDWLYDV 2WURV PHGLRV GH GLIXVLyQ TXH HPSOHD HO *$' VRQ HO SRUWDO ZHE LQVWLWXFLRQDO ZZZURFDIXHUWHJREHF OD *DFHWD 2ILFLDO UDGLR 6FDQGDOR  UDGLR )DUUD  UDGLR *DYLRWDUDGLR/D1XHYD&DSLWDO0HGLRV(',$6$'LDULR(O0HUFXULR\&DSLWDO 7HOHYLVLyQFDQDOHVLQIRUPDWLYRVHQORVTXHVHGLIXQGHQEROHWLQHVGHSUHQVD 8QDIRUPDDOWHUQDWLYDGHFRPXQLFDFLyQPX\IUHFXHQWHHVHOSHULIRQHRXQFDUURFLUFXODSRU GLYHUVRVVHFWRUHVGHOFDQWyQGLIXQGLHQGRDOJ~QPHQVDMHWLSRGHFRPXQLFDFLyQTXHWLHQHOD DFHSWDFLyQGHODSREODFLyQ $ SDUWLU GHO PHV GH MXQLR GH  OD DGPLQLVWUDFLyQ PXQLFLSDO LQFOX\y FRPR PHGLR LQIRUPDWLYR GH VX JHVWLyQ ODV DIDPDGDV UHGHV VRFLDOHV GH )DFHERRN 7ZLWWHU \ <RXWXEH WDPELpQVHLPSOHPHQWyODFDUWHOHUDLQIRUPDWLYDHQORVH[WHULRUHVGHO(GLILFLR0XQLFLSDO   

  Pรกgina274de395


 7$%/$,'(17,),&$&,ร1'(/2635,1&,3$/(6&20321(17(6'(/6,67(0$ '(,1)250$&,ร1/2&$/ &20321(17(6%รˆ6,&26 '(816,67(0$'( ,1)250$&,ร1/2&$/

9(5,),&$&,ร1 6,123$5&,$/0(17(

2%6(59$&,ร1

6XEVLVWHPD FRQWDEOH

ILQDQFLHUR

6,

2/<032Y

6XEVLVWHPD UHFDXGDFLyQ SUHGLDO SDWHQWHVHWF 

GH LPSXHVWR DOFDEDODV





6,

6 6&$7





6,

6,&$0(



25'(1$1=$6'( 3/$1,),&$&,ร1

6XEVLVWHPD GH FDWDVWUR ORWHV FRQVWUXFFLRQHV YDORUDFLyQHWF  6XEVLVWHPD GH RUGHQDPLHQWR WHUULWRULDO XUEDQR SODQ XUEDQR HVSHFLDO SODQ SDUFLDO GHWHUPLQDQWHV GH XVR \ FRQVWUXFFLyQ  6XEVLVWHPD GH WUiPLWHV FLXGDGDQRV SHUPLVRV GH FRQVWUXFFLyQ  OLFHQFLD XUEDQtVWLFD ILFKD SUHGLDOHWF  'HVFULELU VXEVLVWHPDV

RWURV

6,





6,

25'(1$1=$6'( 3/$1,),&$&,ร1



5(*,675$'85ร‹$'(/$ 3523,('$'

6,

 )XHQWH'LUHFFLyQ$GPLQLVWUDWLYD\GH7DOHQWR+XPDQR (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH  

        

  Pรกgina275de395




&$3$&,'$'(6,167,78&,21$/(6





6(59,&,26,167,78&,21$/(6  

6(59,&,26'(0(5&$'26

(OPHUFDGRFHQWUDOVHHQFXHQWUDXELFDGRHQWUHODVFDOOHVGH6HSWLHPEUH\3LFKLQFKD\HO PHUFDGR GH PDULVFRV HQ OD FDOOH $WDKXDOSD \ (OR\ $OIDUR /D IHULD VH UHDOL]D ORV GtDV ViEDGRV\GRPLQJRVVLHQGRPiVFRQFXUULGRSRUODFLXGDGDQtDHOGtDGRPLQJRVHPDQWLHQH XQDRUJDQL]DFLyQFRQFLHUWRVFRPHUFLDQWHV\DIXWXURVHSUHWHQGHXQDGLVWULEXFLyQJHQHUDO GHDFXHUGRDORVSURGXFWRVTXHVHH[SHQGHQ'HELGRDTXHHOPHUFDGRUHVXOWDSHTXHxRVH XWLOL]DODVFDOOHVDG\DFHQWHVSDUDODFRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ6HH[SHQGHQSURGXFWRVGHODFRVWD\ VLHUUD\VHHVWLPDTXHFHUFDGHFRPHUFLDQWHVOOHJDQKDVWDHVWHOXJDU /RV PHUFDGRV DQWHV GHVFULWRV QR IDFLOLWDQ FRQGLFLRQHV GH XVR DGHFXDGDV SXHVWR TXH HQ IXQFLyQGHFUHFLPLHQWRSREODFLRQDODFWXDOPHQWHVHWLHQHTXHRFXSDUFDOOHVDG\DFHQWHVDORV PLVPRVSDUDHOH[SHQGLRGHSURGXFWRVGHSULPHUDQHFHVLGDGORVPLVPRVTXHVHXELFDQHQ HOVXHORQRJDUDQWL]DQGRFDOLGDGSDUDHOFRQVXPRKXPDQR &RQ IRQGRV QR UHHPEROVDEOHV GHO %DQFR GHO (VWDGR HO *$' 0XQLFLSDO GH 5RFDIXHUWH FRQWUDWy ORV HVWXGLRV \ GLVHxRV GHILQLWLYRV SDUD OD FRQVWUXFFLyQ GH XQ QXHYR PHUFDGR GH DEDVWRVTXHJDUDQWLFHFRQGLFLRQHVGHRSHUDFLyQ\TXHSHUPLWDODERUDULGyQHDPHQWHDWRGRV ORVFRPHUFLDQWHVPD\RULVWDV\PLQRULVWDVTXHH[SHQGHQSURGXFWRVGHSULPHUDQHFHVLGDGHQ HO &DQWDQ 6H HVSHUD FRQWDU FRQ HVWRV HVWXGLRV HQ HO SULPHU WULPHVWUH GHO DxR  H LQPHGLDWDPHQWHLQLFLDUHOSURFHVRGHFUpGLWRDQWHHO%DQFRGHO(VWDGRSDUDODHMHFXFLyQGH ODREUD (QORVDFWXDOHVPRPHQWRVODRSHUDFLyQ\PDQWHQLPLHQWRGHHVWHVHUYLFLRHVUHVSRQVDELOLGDG GHOD'LUHFFLyQ'HVDUUROOR$JURSHFXDULR&RRSHUDFLyQ,QWHUQDFLRQDO$PELHQWH\7XULVPRD WUDYpVGHODVHFFLyQGH0HUFDGRV\&DPDOHV/D&RPLVDULD0XQLFLSDOFRQIRUPHDRUGHQDQ]D YLJHQWH UHDOL]D FRQWUROHV GH SHVR GH SURGXFWRV \ FRQVXPR GH EHELGDV DOFRKyOLFDV HQ ODV LQVWDODFLRQHVGHORVPHUFDGRVPXQLFLSDOHV  /D UHFDXGDFLyQ SRU FRQFHSWR GH XVR GH ODV LQVWDODFLRQHV VH HVWLSXOD HQ OD 2UGHQDQ]D 0XQLFLSDOYLJHQWH\VRQUHVSRQVDELOLGDGGHOD'LUHFFLyQ)LQDQFLHUDDWUDYpVGHODVHFFLyQGH 7HVRUHUtD0XQLFLSDO  (QHOVLJXLHQWHFXDGURVHGHWDOODORVLQJUHVRV\HJUHVRVTXHVHREWLHQHQSRUHVWHVHUYLFLR   Pรกgina276de395


  7$%/$1ยž,1*5(626<(*5(626325862'(/0(5&$'2 ,1*5(626 &21&(372

(*5(626

$18$/

0(168$/

$UULHQGRGH EDUUDFDV LQWHUQDV\ H[WHUQDV





&216802'($*8$



8VRGHYtD SXEOLFDHQ PHUFDGRV





(1(5*ร‹$(/e&75,&$



727$/





&21&(372

0(168$/



6$/$5,26



0$7(5,$/(6'($6(2





,1*5(626 0(168$/(6



0$17(1,0,(172



(*5(626 0(168$/(6



81,)250(6



'e),&,7



68%6,',2

727$/



 



&RPRVHREVHUYDHQHOFXDGURDQWHULRUH[LVWHXQGpILFLWPHQVXDOSRUHVWHVHUYLFLRGH86'  HV GHFLU TXH HO *$' 5RFDIXHUWH VXEVLGLD HO VHUYLFLR HQ XQ  OR TXH SHUPLWH DQDOL]DU TXH VH GHEHQ UHFRQVLGHUDU ORV YDORUHV GH LQJUHVRV SRU UHFDXGDFLyQ GH HVWRV VHUYLFLRV   

6(59,&,26'(&(0(17(5,26

(Q HO FDQWyQ VH XELFDQ FHPHQWHULRV DGPLQLVWUDGRV SRU HO *$' 5RFDIXHUWH D WUDYpV GH OD 'LUHFFLyQ GH 'HVDUUROOR $JURSHFXDULR &RRSHUDFLyQ ,QWHUQDFLRQDO $PELHQWH \ 7XULVPR HQ ODFLXGDGGH5RFDIXHUWH\HQORVFHQWURVSREODGRVGH(O+LJXHUyQ5HVEDOyQ\6RVRWH  (QODVFRPXQLGDGHVGH6DQ$QGUpV\6DQ(OR\WDPELpQVHFXHQWDFRQFHPHQWHULRVORVTXH VRQDGPLQLVWUDGRVSRUODVRUJDQL]DFLRQHVFRPXQLWDULDVGHODV]RQDVDQWHVGHVFULWDV  /RV SHUPLVRV GH FRQVWUXFFLyQ GH EyYHGDV \ YHQWD GH ORWHV HQ ORV &HPHQWHULRV GH 5RFDIXHUWH 5HVEDOyQ \ 6RVRWH VH UHDOL]DQ D WUDYpV GH OD 'LUHFFLyQ GH ,QJHQLHUtD \ )LVFDOL]DFLyQGRQGHSDUDHOFDVRGH6RVRWHSRUVHUXQDLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDUHODWLYDPHQWHQXHYD   Pรกgina277de395


 VH FXHQWD FRQ PDSDV JHRUHIHUHQFLDGRV \ DUFKLYRV GRFXPHQWDGRV GH YHQWD GH ORWHV \ FRQVWUXFFLyQGHEyYHGDVQRDVtSDUDORVFHPHQWHULRVGH5RFDIXHUWH+LJXHUyQ\5HVEDOyQ GRQGHVHUHTXLHUHGHPDQHUDXUJHQWHUHDOL]DUH[SURSLDFLRQHVGHWHUUHQRSDUDDPSOLDUHVWRV FHPHQWHULRV  6H KD UHDOL]DGR XQ DQiOLVLV HFRQyPLFR ILQDQFLHUR GH ORV FHPHQWHULRV DGPLQLVWUDGRV SRU HO *$'0XQLFLSDOGH5RFDIXHUWHHOPLVPRTXHVHGHWDOODDFRQWLQXDFLyQ  7$%/$1ยž,1*5(626<(*5(626325862'(/26&(0(17(5,26 ,1*5(626

$QXDO JOREDO

0HQVXDO (*5(626 JOREDO

0HQVXDO

PermisodeExhumaciรณn



PermisodeSepultura





SALARIOS

TasaporMantenimiento





MATERIALESDEASEO

50,00

PermisodeConstrucciรณn

$19.606,72

$1.633.89 UNIFORMESANUAL$

100.00

CONSUMODEAGUA

3.056.91

1.200,00



CompradeTerreno

400.00

MANTENIMIENTO

ArriendodeBรณvedas Municipales

200,00

TOTAL

3.806.00

 INGRESOSMENSUALES

1.633.89

EGRESOSMENSUALES

3.806.00

Dร‰FICIT

2.172.11

SUBSIDIO

57%

 &RPRVHREVHUYDHQHOFXDGURDQWHULRUH[LVWHXQGpILFLWPHQVXDOSRUHVWHVHUYLFLRGH86' HVGHFLUTXHHO*$'5RFDIXHUWHVXEVLGLDHOVHUYLFLRHQXQORTXHSHUPLWH DQDOL]DU TXH VH GHEHQ UHFRQVLGHUDU ORV YDORUHV GH LQJUHVRV SRU UHFDXGDFLyQ GH HVWRV VHUYLFLRV        Pรกgina278de395


  

6(59,&,2'(&$0$/

(Q YLUWXG GH REVHUYDFLRQHV SODQWHDGDV SRU $*52&$/,'$' HQ HO DxR  VH UHDOL]y OD UHFRQVWUXFFLyQ \ HTXLSDPLHQWR GHO &DPDO GH 5RFDIXHUWH LPSOHPHQWDQGR PDTXLQDULDV \ HTXLSRVTXHSHUPLWHQUHDOL]DUXQIDHQDPLHQWRGHERYLQRV\SRUFLQRVDFRUGHDHVWiQGDUHVGH FDOLGDG /RVHTXLSRV\PDTXLQDULDVFRQVLGHUDQVLVWHPDVGHULHOHVSDUDERYLQRVORTXHLQFOX\H x x x x x x x x x x x

7UDQVSRUWHHOHYDGRSDUDIDHQDPLHQWR 6LVWHPDGHDWXUGLPLHQWRQHXPiWLFR 7HFOHGHL]DGRFRQFDGHQD 7HFOHSDUDWUDQVIHUHQFLDGHODVHJXQGDSDWD 6LHUUDFRUWDGRUDGHHVWHUQyQFRQEDODQFHDGRUVXVSHQVRUPHFiQLFR 6LVWHPDGHGHVFXHUDGR 3ODWDIRUPDWLSRSHGHVWDOSDUDWUDQVIHUHQFLDJDOYDQL]DGDDOFDORU 3ODWDIRUPDSDUDGHVDORMR 7UROOH\VGHL]DGR 7UROOH\VGHIDHQDPLHQWR .LWGHSXHUWDVSDUDFDMyQGHQRTXHR

/RVHTXLSRV\PDTXLQDULDVFRQVLGHUDQVLVWHPDVGHULHOHVSDUDSRUFLQRVORTXHLQFOX\H x x x x x x x x x

3ODWDIRUPDHOHYDGDSDUDIDHQDPLHQWR 7HFOHVHOpFWULFRVDFDGHQD $WXUGLGRUHOpFWULFRGHFHUGRV 7UROOH\VGHIDHQDPLHQWR $UPDGRUHVGHIDHQDJDOYDQL]DGDDOFDORU 7DEOHURHOpFWULFRGHFRQWURO\SURWHFFLyQGHHTXLSRV $UUHDGRUHOpFWULFRSDUDJDQDGRPD\RU\PHQRU -XHJRGHFXFKLOORVSDUDIDHQDPLHQWR 6LVWHPDGHFDOHQWDPLHQWRGHWLQD\WLQDGHDEODQGDPLHQWRSRULQPHUVLyQ

(QHOHMHUFLFLRILVFDOVHFRQWUDWyODLQVWDODFLyQGHORVVLJXLHQWHVHTXLSRV x x x x

&iPDUDGHIULR 3ODWDIRUPDSDUDFRUWDFDQDOHV 6LHUUDHOpFWULFDSDUWLGRUDGHFDQDOHVGHERYLQRV 3HODGRUDGHSRUFLQRVFRQYROWHRQHXPiWLFR

(VWH VHUYLFLR VH IDFLOLWD SUHFDXWHODQGR WRGDV ODV QRUPDV VDQLWDULDV \ ODERUDOHV DFRUGH D OD DFWLYLGDG VH FXHQWD FRQ XQ DQiOLVLV HFRQyPLFR ILQDQFLHUR HO TXH VH GHWDOOD HQ HO VLJXLHQWH FXDGUR     Pรกgina279de395


 7$%/$1ยž,1*5(626<(*5(626325862'(/&$0$/

,1*5(626 ANIMALES PORMES PROMEDIO

(*5(626 TASA INGRESO ESTABLECIDA MENSUAL

'(7$//(

9$/25

180BOVINOS 10,00

1.800,00

CONSUMODEAGUA

520,00

360 PORCINOS

5,00

1.800,00

ENERGรAELร‰CTRICA

266,48



TOTAL

3.600,00

SALARIOS(1mรฉdico veterinario,1ad.Camal,1 trabajadordecarrera,10 obreros)

6.163,00

MATERIALESDEASEO

200,00

VARIOS

300,00

 

INGRESOS MENSUALES

3.600,00

EGRESOS MENSUALES

9.653,06

UNIFORMESANUAL600,00

50,00

Dร‰FICIT

6.053,06

MANTENIMIENTOANUAL 15.000,00(manodeobra 5.000,00,ymateriales 10.000,00

1.250,00

DECIMOS



DECIMOCUARTO360,00X 13trabajadores4680,00/12

390,00



SUBSIDIO

63%

DECIMOTERCERO6.163,00 

 513,58

TOTAL 9.653,06

  &RPRVHREVHUYDHQHOFXDGURDQWHULRUH[LVWHXQGpILFLWPHQVXDOSRUHVWHVHUYLFLRGH86'  HV GHFLU TXH HO *$' 5RFDIXHUWH VXEVLGLD HO VHUYLFLR HQ XQ  OR TXH SHUPLWH DQDOL]DU TXH VH GHEHQ UHFRQVLGHUDU ORV YDORUHV GH LQJUHVRV SRU UHFDXGDFLyQ GH HVWRV VHUYLFLRV

  Pรกgina280de395


  

5(&2/(&&,ร1'('(6(&+266ร/,'26

(O *$' 0XQLFLSDO GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH DFRJLpQGRVH D OR HVWLSXODGR HQ OD /H\ YLJHQWH &227$' WLHQHDVXFDUJRODDGPLQLVWUDFLyQ\RSHUDFLyQGHOVHUYLFLRGHDVHRUHFROHFFLyQ \GLVSRVLFLyQILQDOGHGHVHFKRVVyOLGRVGHOFDQWyQDVtFRPRODGHWHUPLQDFLyQUHFDXGDFLyQ\ FRQWUROGHODWDVDSRUGLFKRVHUYLFLRVLHQGRHOSULQFLSDOVHUYLFLRVHQJHVWLyQDPELHQWDO /DV DFWLYLGDGHV RSHUDWLYDV GHO VHUYLFLR GH DVHR \ UHFROHFFLyQ GH GHVHFKRV VyOLGRV VH UHDOL]DQ D WUDYpV GH OD 'LUHFFLyQ GH 'HVDUUROOR $JURSHFXDULR &RRSHUDFLyQ ,QWHUQDFLRQDO $PELHQWH \ 7XULVPR D WUDYpV GH ODV VHFFLRQHV GH DPELHQWH \ DVHR UHFROHFFLyQ \ GLVSRVLFLyQILQDOGHGHVHFKRVVyOLGRV (O PDQHMR \ GLVSRVLFLyQ GH EDVXUDV EHQHILFLD DO  GHO iUHD XUEDQD GH 5RFDIXHUWH \ DO GHIDPLOLDVGHOiUHDUXUDODXQTXHFRQXQDRSHUDFLyQLUUHJXODUGHELGRDODVOLPLWDFLRQHV GHORVHTXLSRV\UHFXUVRVGLVSRQLEOHV (VWD WDUHD VH UHDOL]D GLDULDPHQWH PHGLDQWH UXWDV GH UHFROHFFLyQ  GH OXQHV D ViEDGR \ ORV GRPLQJRVVyORHQODSDUWHGHOPHUFDGRFHQWUDOGHODFLXGDGGH5RFDIXHUWH $FWXDOPHQWH VH FXHQWD FRQ ORV (VWXGLRV \ 'LVHxRV GHILQLWLYRV SDUD OD JHVWLyQ ,QWHJUDO GH 'HVHFKRV6yOLGRVSDUDHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHQFRRUGLQDFLyQFRQHO3URJUDPD1DFLRQDOGH *HVWLyQ ,QWHJUDO GH 'HVHFKRV 6yOLGRV 31*,'6 0LQLVWHULR GHO $PELHQWH OR TXH SHUPLWLUi LPSOHPHQWDUHQQXHVWURFDQWyQHOQXHYRUHOOHQRVDQLWDULR             

  Pรกgina281de395


 7$%/$1ยž,1*5(626<(*5(6263255(&2/(&&,21'('(6(&+26 62/,'26

,1*5(626

(*5(626 '(7$//(

9$/25

DETALLE

INGRESO MENSUAL

TASADEASEOY RECOLECCIร“N

$10.970.94 CONSUMODECOMBUSTIBLE

INGRESOS MENSUALES

$10.970.94 

MANTENIMIENTODE VEHรCULOS

EGRESOS MENSUALES

$15.454.33

SALARIOS

Dร‰FICIT

SUBSIDIO

$4.483.39

30%

$560.00

$200.00

$14.050.00

EQUIPOSDEPROTECCIร“N PERSONALYHERRAMIENTAS DETRABAJO

$250,00

UNIFORMESANUAL

$394.33



TOTAL

$15.454.33

  

5(*,675$'85ร‹$'(/$3523,('$'

$SDUWLUGHOGH6HSWLHPEUHGHOOD0XQLFLSDOLGDGRWRUJDQRPEUDPLHQWRSRUHOSHUtRGR GHFXDWURDxRVDO5HJLVWUDGRUGHOD3URSLHGDGOXHJRGHKDEHUVLGRGHFODUDGRJDQDGRUGHO &RQFXUVRGH0pULWRV\2SRVLFLyQ  'HQWURGHORVVHUYLFLRVTXHEULQGDOD5HJLVWUDGXUtDGHOD3URSLHGDGGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH WHQHPRV x ,QVFULELUHQHO5HJLVWURFRUUHVSRQGLHQWHORVGRFXPHQWRVTXHH[LJHRSHUPLWHOD/H\ x &RQIHULUFHUWLILFDGRVGH6ROYHQFLD\%LHQHVUDtFHV x $WHQFLyQDO8VXDULR         Pรกgina282de395


 7$%/$1ยž(67$'ร‹67,&$6'(/$5(*,675$'85ร‹$'(/$3523,('$'

SERVICIOS

Aรฑo 2011

CERTIFICACIONES(del 15/11/2011a23/10/2014 INSCRIPCIONES(del 15/11/2011a23/10/2014)

343

135

Aร‘O 2012

1813

1381

Aร‘O 2013

Aร‘O 2014





4084

2731





1222

1443

 )XHQWH5HJLVWUDGXUtDGHOD3URSLHGDG (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

  *5$),&2(67$'ร‹67,&$6'(/$5(*,675$'85ร‹$'(/$3523,('$' 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500

Certificaciones

2000

Inscripciones

1500 1000 500 0 2011

2012

)XHQWH5HJLVWUDGXUtDGHOD3URSLHGDG (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

2013 

2014





    

  Pรกgina283de395




3(5621$/081,&,3$/ 7$%/$',675,%8&,ร1'(/3(5621$/081,&,3$/ 81,'$' $'0,1,675$7,9$

6(59,'25(63ร’%/,&26

75$%$-$'25(6

7RWDO



1RPEUDPLHQWR

/LEUH 5HPRFLyQ

2FDVLRQDOHV

3OD]R )LMR

&RQWUDWR &ROHFWLYR

(YHQWXDOHV

$OFDOGtD

















&RQFHMR 0XQLFLSDO 3URFXUDGXUtD 6tQGLFD $XGLWRUtD,QWHUQD

































































































































































































'LUHFFLyQ )LQDQFLHUD 'LUHFFLyQ GH 3ODQLILFDFLyQ \ 3UR\HFWRV 'LUHFFLyQ $GPLQLVWUDWLYD \ GH 7DOHQWR +XPDQR 'LUHFFLyQ GH ,QJHQLHUtD \ )LVFDOL]DFLyQ 'LUHFFLyQ GH 'HVDUUROOR $JURSHFXDULR &RRSHUDFLyQ ,QWHUQDFLRQDO $PELHQWH \ 7XULVPR 'LUHFFLyQ GH &RPXQLFDFLyQ 'HVDUUROOR +XPDQR \ &XOWXUD 'LUHFFLyQ GH 3URWHFFLyQ GH 'HUHFKRV SDUD ORV *UXSRV GH $WHQFLyQ 3ULRULWDULR 5HJLVWUDGXUtD GH OD3URSLHGDG 727$/

 )XHQWH'LUHFFLyQ$GPLQLVWUDWLYD\GH7DOHQWR+XPDQR



(ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH

       Pรกgina284de395




 

6,78$&,ร1),1$1&,(5$'(/*$'

7$%/$&20326,&,ร1+,67ร5,&$'(/26,1*5(626<*$6726'(/*$' ,1*5(626< *$6726

,QJUHVRV &RUULHQWHV





9$/25







9$/25 

 

9$/25





 

 9$/25



&203 3520 

9$/25



















 























,QJUHVRVGH &DSLWDO









,QJUHVRVGH )LQDQFLDPLHQWR









727$/'( ,1*5(626



 









 









*DVWRV FRUULHQWHV













 









*DVWRVGH LQYHUVLyQ













 







 

*DVWRVGH FDSLWDO























*DVWRVGH ILQDQFLDPLHQWR

























 









 









727$/ (*5(626

 )XHQWH'LUHFFLyQ)LQDQFLHUD  (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH





          

  Pรกgina285de395


   7$%/$7(1'(1&,$+,67ร5,&$'(/26,1*5(626<(*5(626 $f26 ร‹7(0 6

,1',&$'25(6 

,1*5(626



(*5(626

&5(&,0,(172$18$/



 

 

,QJUHVRV&RUULHQWHV











,QJUHVRVGH&DSLWDO











,QJUHVRVSRU )LQDQFLDPLHQWR











7RWDO,QJUHVRV











&RUULHQWHV











'H&DSLWDO































'H,QYHUVLyQ 'H)LQDQFLDPLHQWR



7RWDO(JUHVRV



 )XHQWH'LUHFFLyQ)LQDQFLHUD  (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH  













7$%/$35,1&,3$/(658%526'(,1*5(6263523,26(1(/*$' $f26

&21&(372













KDVWDDJRVWR

3URPHGLR 

,PSXHVWRDORV SUHGLRVXUEDQRV















,PSXHVWRDORV SUHGLRVUXUDOHV















,PSXHVWRGHDOFDEDOD















,PSXHVWRDORVDFWLYRV WRWDOHV















3DWHQWHVFRPHUFLDOHV LQGXVWULDOHV\GH VHUYLFLRV















  Pรกgina286de395


 5HFROHFFLyQGH EDVXUD















$OGHVSRVWHGH JDQDGR















2FXSDFLyQGHOXJDUHV S~EOLFRV















(Transferencia del Sector Pรบblico, Rentas, Contribuciones)















7RWDO















2WURV,QJUHVRV

 )XHQWH'LUHFFLyQ)LQDQFLHUD (ODERUDGR*$'5RFDIXHUWH  

 (035(6$3ร’%/,&$'($*8$327$%/(<$/&$17$5,//$'2'(/&$17ร1 52&$)8(57( (O DEDVWHFLPLHQWR D OD FLXGDG VH UHDOL]y KDVWD HO DxR  SRU HO &HQWUR 5HJXODGRU   GH 5HFXUVRV+tGULFRV&50IHFKDHQTXHVHWUDQVILULyDOD0XQLFLSDOLGDGGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH\ pVWD D OD FRQVWLWXLGD (PSUHVD 0XQLFLSDO GH $JXD 3RWDEOH GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH (0$3$5 DKRUD(PSUHVD3~EOLFDGH$JXD3RWDEOH\$OFDQWDULOODGRGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH(3$3$5 /DIXHQWHSURYHHGRUDGHO6HUYLFLRHVOD(PSUHVD3~EOLFDGH$JXDV0DQWD (3$0 TXLHQHV SURYHHQ DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  P PHV DO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH D WRGD OD SDUWH 8UEDQD \ YDULDV&RPXQLGDGHVGHODSDUWH5XUDO /DFDSWDFLyQVHODUHDOL]DGHDJXDVVXSHUILFLDOHV 5tR3RUWRYLHMR GHVGHHVWDFDSWDFLyQVH ERPEHDKDVWDOD3ODQWDGHWUDWDPLHQWR/XLV$OEHUWR*yPH]XELFDGDHQOD&RPXQLGDGGHยณ(O 3XHEOLWRยด \ GHVGH DTXt HO DJXD \D WUDWDGD  OD ERPEHDQ KDVWD XQ WDQTXH HVWDFLRQDULR GH PXELFDGRHQXQDFRWDDOWDGHXQFHUURGH&UX]9HUGHSRUJUDYHGDGVHGLVWULEX\HD 0DQWD \ D 5RFDIXHUWH KDVWD  WDQTXHV GH UHVHUYD GH  P \  P OR TXH SHUPLWH EULQGDUXQDFREHUWXUDDOGHOD]RQD8UEDQDFRQXQDFRQWLQXLGDGGLDULDGHKRUDV  (VLPSRUWDQWHLQGLFDUTXH(3$0YHQGHHODJXDFWYFDGDPHWURF~ELFR\OD(PSUHVDD FDUJRGHOVHUYLFLRFRPHUFLDOL]DDORVXVXDULRVVHJ~QODVFDWHJRUtDV\UDQJRVGHFRQVXPR 7DEODGHYDORUHVSRUFDWHJRUtDV    Pรกgina287de395


 

D  &$7(*25ร‹$5(6,'(1&,$/'20(67,&$2),&,$/238%/,&$ (Q HVWD FDWHJRUtD HVWDUiQ WRGRV ORV XVXDULRV FX\DV UHVLGHQFLDV HVWiQ GHVWLQDGDV H[FOXVLYDPHQWHSDUDYLYLHQGDV\ODVLQVWLWXFLRQHVRILFLDOHVRODVTXHOD&RQVWLWXFLyQ GH OD 5HS~EOLFD ODV GHILQH FRPR GHO VHFWRU S~EOLFR \ SDJDUiQ SRU HO FRQVXPR GH PHWURF~ELFRODVVLJXLHQWHVWDVDV  &2168023250(6 P 

7$5,)$%รˆ6,&$

'HD

86'

'HD

86'

'HD

86'

'HD

86'

'HHQDGHODQWH

86'

 E  &$7(*25ร‹$ &20(5&,$/(Q HVWD FDWHJRUtD HVWDUiQ WRGRV ORV XVXDULRV TXH GHWHUPLQHQVXLQPXHEOHRORFDOHVDPiVGHYLYLHQGDDILQHVFRPHUFLDOHVRFRQILQHV FRPHUFLDOHVH[FOXVLYDPHQWHWDOHVFRPRRILFLQDVUHVWDXUDQWHVVDORQHVGHYHQWDHQ JHQHUDO EDUHV DOPDFHQHV VXSHUPHUFDGRV PHUFDGRV IULJRUtILFRV FRQVXOWRULRV GLVSHQVDULRV FOtQLFDV HVWDEOHFLPLHQWRV HGXFDFLRQDOHV SDUWLFXODUHV HVWDFLRQHV GH VHUYLFLRV VLQ ODYDGRV GH FDUURV  KRWHOHV UHVLGHQFLDOHV SHQVLRQHV KRVWDOHV SLVFLQDVRVLPLODUHV\SDJDUiQODVVLJXLHQWHVWDVDV  &2168023250(6 P 

7$5,)$%รˆ6,&$

'HD

86'

'HD

86'

'HD

86'



'HD

86'



'HHQDGHODQWH

86'

  





  Pรกgina288de395




 F  &$7(*25ร‹$ ,1'8675,$/(Q HVWD FDWHJRUtD HVWDUiQ WRGRV ORV DERQDGRV TXH GHVWLQHQ HO XVR GH DJXD SRWDEOH D ORFDOHV R HGLILFLRV TXH GHVDUUROOHQ DFWLYLGDGHV LQGXVWULDOHVODXWLOLFHQRQRFRPRPDWHULDSULPDWDOHVFRPR&RQVHUYDVFDIHWDOHUDV SURFHVDGRUHV GH FXDOTXLHU WLSR GH SURGXFWRV LQGXVWULDV GH WUDQVIRUPDFLyQ FRQVWUXFWRUDV JUDQMDV DYtFRODV ODYDGRUDV GH FDUURV SLODGRUDV \ RWURV VLPLODUHV \ SDJDUiQODVLJXLHQWHWDVD  &2168023250(6 P 

7$5,)$%รˆ6,&$

'HD

86'

'HD

86'

'HD

86'

'HD

86'

'HHQDGHODQWH

86'

 6HJ~QGDWRVDSUR[LPDGRVGHOD'LUHFFLyQ7pFQLFDOD(3$3$5EULQGDHOVHUYLFLRGH DOFDQWDULOODGRVDQLWDULRHQXQ\HQXQGHODOFDQWDULOODGRSOXYLDOHQOD]RQD XUEDQD GHO FDQWyQ DGHPiV GH OD GHSXUDFLyQ GH ODV DJXDV UHVLGXDOHV GHO VHFWRU XUEDQRGHOFDQWyQ    0$75,='(9$5,$%/(6327(1&,$/,'$'(6<352%/(0$6 32/ร‹7,&2,167,78&,21$/<3$57,&,3$&,ร1&,8'$'$1$ 9$5,$%/(6 ,167580(172'( 3/$1,),&$&,ร1< 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ 0$3(2'( $&725(6 3ร’%/,&26 35,9$'26< 62&,('$'&,9,/

327(1&,$/,'$'(6

352%/(0$6

$8725,'$'(6(03(f$'$6(1 'e%,/)257$/(&,0,(172 )257$/(&(5/$',5(&&,ร1'( '(/$',5(&&,ร1'( 3/$1,),&$&,ร1<352<(&726< 3/$1,),&$&,ร1 $&78$/,=$5/$1250$7,9$9,*(17( (;,67(1&,$'(25'(1$1=$'( 3$57,&,3$&,ร1&,8'$'$1$ 6(&8(17$&21&216(-26'( 3/$1,),&$&,ร16(*85,'$' &,8'$'$1$<3527(&&,ร1'( '(5(&+26

(6&$6$3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$

  Pรกgina289de395


 $&725(6/2&$/(6,'(17,),&$'26 6(&8(17$&2181352*5$0$'( &$3$&,7$&,ร1 5('(6'(',675,%8&,ร1< $/0$&(1$0,(172(1=21$85%$1$ &216758,'$6<23(5$7,9$6 )2508/$&,ร1'((678',26 '(),1,7,923$5$3/$17$'($*8$ 327$%/( 6(&8(17$&21(678',2 '(),1,7,923$5$/$*(67,ร1 ,17(*5$/'(6(59,&,26'( '(6(&+2662/,'26 (6758&785$< &$3$&,'$'(6'(/ 180(52'(3(5621$/23(5$7,92 &8%5(/$1(&(6,'$' *$' ,1)5$(6758&785$'(/&$0$/ 23(5$7,9$ (;,67(1250$7,9$3$5$0$17(1(5 /266(59,&,26 6(&8(17$&2125'(1$1=$'( &2$&7,9$6 &$03$f$6'(6(16,%,/,=$&,ร1$/$ &,8'$'$1ร‹$ 32/ร‹7,&$'(/*2%,(512&(175$/ 3$5$0(-25$5/266(59,&,26 3ร’%/,&26

$1รˆ/,6,6< 6,67(0$7,=$&,ร1 '((;3(5,(1&,$6 62%5( 3/$1,),&$&,ร1< 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/

'e%,/&$/,'$''($7(1&,ร1 '(/266(59,'25(6 081,&,3$/(6

%$-$&2%(5785$'(/ 6(59,&,2'($*8$327$%/(

%$-$&2%(5785$'(/ 6(59,&,2'(5(&2/(&&,ร1 '('(6(&+266ร/,'26

%$-$&2%(5785$'(27526 6(59,&,26081,&,3$/(6

32&$5(&$8'$&,ร1'( ,1*5(6263523,26 6(59,&,26(/e&75,&26< '(7(/(&2081,&$&,ร112 6$7,6)$&(/$'(0$1'$ 32%/$&,21$/

(;,67(/$',5(&&,ร1'( &2081,&$&,ร1'(/*$' (/*$'7,(1(813'27(19,*(1&,$ 3$*,1$:(%*$&(7$2),&,$/ &$57(/(5$5('(662&,$/(6 )$&(%22.7:,7(5<2878%(  3(5,)21(2%2/(7,1(6$75$9e6 '(/26',)(5(17(60(',26'( &2081,&$&,ร1

'(6&212&,0,(172'(/$ 3/$1,),&$&,ร1'(/*$'325 3$57('(/$&,8'$'$1ร‹$



        Pรกgina290de395


  35,25,=$&,21'(352%/(0$6<327(1&,$/,'$'(6'(72'26/26 &20321(17(6 $ FRQWLQXDFLyQ VH GHWDOODQ ODV PDWULFHV GH SUREOHPDV \ SRWHQFLDOLGDGHV GH FDGD FRPSRQHQWHORVPLVPRVTXHIXHURQLGHQWLILFDGRVHQODV$VDPEOHDV=RQDOHVUHDOL]DGDVSDUD HOGLDJQyVWLFRDFRQWLQXDFLyQVHGHWDOODFDGDXQDGHHOODV  0$75,='(/&20321(17(%,2),6,&2



  Pรกgina291de395






  Pรกgina292de395


  0$75,='(/&20321(17(62&,2&8/785$/

   Pรกgina293de395


  0$75,='(/&20321(17((&2120,&2

   Pรกgina294de395




   0$75,='(/&20321(17('($6(17$0,(1726+80$126

   Pรกgina295de395


   0$75,='(/&20321(17('(029,/,'$'(1(5*,$<&21(&7,9,'$'

    

  Pรกgina296de395


  0$75,= '(/ &20321(17( 32/,7,&2 ,167,78&,21$/ < 3$57,,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$

         Pรกgina297de395


 D  $1$/,6,6'(352%/(0$6 /XHJR GH KDEHU LGHQWLILFDGRV GH OD JUDQ OLVWD GH SUREOHPDV TXH ORV FLXGDGDQRV KLFLHURQ HQ ODV $VDPEOHDV =RQDOHV VH KD RUJDQL]DGR GH WDO PDQHUD TXH VH KDQ SULRUL]DGRV ORV TXH PHMRU GHWDOODQ R FRQWLHQHQ D FDGD XQR GH ORV SUREOHPDV HQXQFLDGRVSRUFDGDXQRGHORVFRPSRQHQWHV  E  -(5$548,=$&,21'(352%/(0$6 3DUD OD MHUDUTXL]DFLyQ GH ORV SUREOHPDV KD\ TXH WRPDU HQ FRQVLGHUDFLyQ OD GLPHQVLyQ LPSRUWDQFLD \ IDFLOLGDG SDUD UHVROYHUORV SDUD HOOR XWLOL]DUHPRV OD 0DWUL] GH9DORUDFLyQGH3UREOHPDVTXHWRPDHQFRQVLGHUDFLyQORVVLJXLHQWHVLQGLFDGRUHV 0DJQLWXG *UDYHGDG \ $OWHUQDWLYD GH 6ROXFLyQ OD FDOLILFDFLyQ VH OD UHDOL]D WRPDQGRHQFXHQWDHOWLSRGHSUREOHPD\ODSURQWLWXGHQTXHGHEHUHVROYHUVHSDUDHO ELHQHVWDUGHODSREODFLyQ(VWDSULRUL]DFLyQVHUHDOL]yFRQODSDUWLFLSDFLyQDFWLYDGHOD FLXGDGDQtDHQOD$VDPEOHD&DQWRQDOUHDOL]DGDHOGHQRYLHPEUHGHO x 0$*1,78' (V OD SHUFHSFLyQ GHO LPSDFWR TXH SXHGD WHQHU HO SUREOHPD VREUHHOELHQHVWDUGHODSREODFLyQ x *5$9('$' (V OD SHUFHSFLyQ GH XUJHQFLD FRQ OD TXH GHED VHU UHVXHOWR HO SUREOHPDRDSURYHFKDGDODSRWHQFLDOLGDG x $/7(51$7,9$'(62/8&,21(VODSHUFHSFLyQGHIDFLOLGDGFRQODTXHVH SXHGHDIURQWDUHOSUREOHPDRSRWHQFLDOLGDG  F  321'(5$&,21(6<9$/25$&,21'(&$'$,1',&$'25 3RQGHUDFLRQHV ,QGLFDGRU

3XQWDMH

0DJQLWXG



*UDYHGDG



$OWHUQDWLYD GH6ROXFLyQ



7RWDO



    Pรกgina298de395


 

9DORUDFLyQ 9DORUDFLyQ $OWD



0HGLD



%DMD







0$75,&(6325&20321(17('(352%/(0$635,25,=$'26

 0$75,=-(5$548,=$'$'(/&20321(17(%,2),6,&2 352%/(0$6

0$*1,78'

9DORU SRQGHUDGR

*5$9('$'

9DORU SRQGHUDGR

$/7(51$7,9$ '(62/8&,ร1

9DORU SRQGHUDGR

LIMITADA DISPONIBILIDAD DE AGUA APTA PARA EL CONSUMO HUMANO Y DE RIEGO

3

1,5

3

0,9

2

0,4

2,8

1

3

1,5

3

0,9

2

0,4

2,8

2

3

1,5

3

0,9

2

0,4

2,8

3

3

1,5

3

0,9

2

0,4

2,8

DEFORESTACION

3

1,5

3

0,9

2

0,4

2,8

4 5

DETERIORO DE LA CALIDAD AMBIENTAL DEL CANTON

3

1,5

2

0,6

2

0,4

2,5

6

ESCAZA INFRAESTRUCTURA SANITARIA Y PLUVIAL EN LAS COMUNIDADES DEL CANTON

2

1

3

0,9

1

0,2

2,1

7

INCOMPLETA INFRAESTRUCTURA Y EQUIPAMIENTO DE SERVICIOS MUNICIPALES Y ESTATALES EN EL CANTON

2

1

3

0,9

1

0,2

2,1

8

EXISTENCIA DE INUNDACIONES EN INVIERNO Y SEQUIA EN VERANO CONTAMINACION DE LAS FUENTES HIDRICAS INADECUADO USO DE SUELO

9$/25$&,ร1 35,25,'$' 727$/



        

  Pรกgina299de395


  0$75,=-(5$548,=$'$'(/&20321(17(62&,2&8/785$/  Problemas por componentes

MAGNITUD

Valor ponderado

GRAVEDAD

ALTERNATIVA Valor DE SOLUCIร“N ponderado

Valor ponderado

VALORACIร“N TOTAL

PRIORIDAD

'(%,/6(59,&,2'(/ 6,67(0$'(6$/8' 38%/,&$

















35(6(1&,$'( (1)(50('$'(6 ',$55(,&$6< 3$5$6,726,6(1/$ 32%/$&,21

















'(%,/&2%(5785$'( 6(*85,'$' &,8'$'$1$

















3(5','$'( ,'(17,'$'&8/785$/

















































)$/(1&,$6(1(/ 6,67(0$('8&$7,92 ,17(*5$/

















'(%,/ ,192/8&5$0,(172'( /26$&725(6 62&,$/(6

















'(%,/$7(1&,ร1$ /26*58326 35,25,7$5,26 (6&$6(='( (63$&,26 5(&5($7,9263$5$ /$&,8'$'$1รŽ$



  0$75,=-(5$548,=$'$'(/&20321(17((&2120,&2 352%/(0$6

0$*1,78'

9DORU $/7(51$7,9$ 9DORU 9DORU *5$9('$' SRQGHUDGR '(62/8&,ร1 SRQGHUDGR SRQGHUDGR

9$/25$&,ร1 35,25,'$' 727$/

'pELOHVFDQDOHVGH FRPHUFLDOL]DFLyQ

















/D7LHUUDSURGXFWLYD QRFXHQWDFRQ OHJDOL]DFLyQ

































































&UpGLWRVOLPLWDGRV\ QRRSRUWXQRV 3URGXFWLYLGDG DUWHVDQDO JDVWURQyPLFD\ DJURSHFXDULDQRVH YLVXDOL]DFRPR IRUWDOH]DGH SURPRFLzQWXULVWLFD %DMRVQLYHOHVGH SURGXFWLYLGDG



     Pรกgina300de395


  0$75,=-(5$548,=$'$'(/&20321(17('($6(17$0,(172+80$126

0DJQLWXG

9DORU SRQGHUDGR

*5$9('$'

9DORU SRQGHUDGR

'(%,/6(59,&,2'( $*8$327$%/(

















12(;,67( 5(*8/$5,=$&,21'( /26$6(17$0,(1726 +80$126

















25*$1,=$&,ร1 &2081,7$5,$ ',63(56$

































































352%/(0$6

'(%,/&2%(5785$'( 6(59,&,2'( 6$1($0,(172%$6,&2 '(%,/6(59,&,2'( 5(&2/(&&,21'( '(6(&+266ร/,'26 '(%,/6(59,&,26 (/(&75,&26<'( 7(/(&2081,&$&,21

$/7(51$7,9$ 9DORU 9$/25$&,ร1 35,25,'$' '(62/8&,ร1 SRQGHUDGR 727$/



  0$75,= -(5$548,=$'$ '(/ &20321(17( '( 029,/,'$' (1(5*,$ < &21(&7,9,'$' 3UREOHPDVSRU FRPSRQHQWHV 6,67(0$9,$/(1 0$/(67$'2<&21 &$/=$'$ 5('8&,'$ 12 )81&,21$/(6 (1 /$=21$585$/ 6,67(0$9,$/ 85%$12(10$/ (67$'2( ,1&203/(72

0$*1,78'

9DORU 9DORU *5$9('$' SRQGHUDGR SRQGHUDGR

$/7(51$7,9$ '(62/8&,ร1

9DORU 9$/25$&,ร1 35,25,'$' SRQGHUDGR 727$/

















































































(6&$6(='( 6(f$/(7,&$6(1 (/&$1721

















(6&$626(59,&,2 '( 7(/(&2081,&$&,2 1(6(1(/&$1721

















5$',2/2&$/12 6$7,6)$&(/$6 1(&(6,'$'(6'(/ &$1721

















&$5(1&,$<'$f26 (19,$'8&726'( 9$5,$69,$6 585$/(6 ,1(;,67(1&,$'( &223(5$7,9$6'( 75$63257(,175$ &$1721$/ '(%,/ 0$17(1,0,(172 '(/6(59,&,2 (/(&75,&2(1(/ &$1721

 

 Pรกgina301de395


   0$75,= -(5$548,=$'$ '(/ &20321(17( 32/,7,&2 ,167,78&,21$/ < 3$57,&,3$&,21 352%/(0$6

'(),&,(17( 6(59,&,2'($*8$ 327$%/( '(),&,(17( 6(59,&,2'( 5(&2/(&&,21'( '(6(&+266ร/,'26 'e%,/&$/,'$''( $7(1&,21'(/26 6(59,'25(6 081,&,3$/(6 '(),&,(17(6 6(59,&,26 (/(&75,&26<'( 7(/(&2081,&$&,21 (6&$6$ 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$< '(),&,(1&,$'( 275266(59,&,26 081,&,3$/(6 '(6&212&,0,(172 '(/$ 3/$1,),&$&,21'(/ *$'3253$57('( '(%,/ )257$/(&,0,(172 '(/$',5(&&,21'( 3/$1,),&$&,21'(/ *$' %$-$5(&$8'$&,21 '(,1*5(626 3523,26

&,8'$'$1$

0$*1,78'

9DORU SRQGHUDGR

*5$9('$'

9DORU SRQGHUDGR

$/7(51$7,9$ '(62/8&,ร1

9DORU SRQGHUDGR

9$/25$&,ร1 35,25,'$' 727$/



















































































































































             Pรกgina302de395




 $1$/,6,6(675$7(*,&27(55,725,$/ 8QD YH] TXH KHPRV LQWHUUHODFLRQDGR HO PDSD GH &DSDFLGDG GH 8VR GH ODV 7LHUUDV FRQ HO PDSDGH6LVWHPDV3URGXFWLYRKHPRVREWHQLGRVVHLV]RQDVKRPRJpQHDVTXHVRQ x =RQD%DMD x =RQD$OWD x =RQD$OWD x =RQD$OWD x =RQD$OWD x =RQD GH 0LVFHOiQHRV TXH LQFOX\H ORV &HQWURV 3REODGRV \ ODV DUHV GH FDXVHV GH TXHEUDGDV  

$1$/,6,6 (675$7(*,&2 7(55,725,$/ 325 &$3$&,'$' '( 862 '( /$

7,(55$ $FRQWLQXDFLyQHQHOPDSDGH]RQLILFDFLyQHQODTXHVHKDWHUULWRULDOL]DGRODFDSDFLGDGGHO XVRGHODWLHUUDGHDFXHUGRDODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVTXHSUHVHQWDQFDGDXQDGHHOODVHQEDVHD ODMHUDUTXL]DFLyQGHWHUPLQDGDSRUHO6RLO&RQVHUYDWLRQ6HUYLFH86$TXHGHILQHRFKRFODVHV GHFDSDFLGDGXWLOL]DQGRHOVtPEROR , SDUDLQGLFDUOLJHUDVOLPLWDFLRQHVODVFODVHV,,,,,,99 9,9,,VRQSURJUHVLYDVHQOLPLWDFLRQHVKDVWDOOHJDUDODFODVH9,,,TXHLQGLFDTXHHOVXHOR QR GHEH VHU XWLOL]DGR SDUD DFWLYLGDGHV DJURSURGXFWLYDV SRU VXV VHYHUDV OLPLWDFLRQHV \ TXH GHEHUtDGHVWLQDUVHDODFRQVHUYDFLyQXRWURVXVRV 0$3$'(=21,),&$&,21325&$3$&,'$''(862'(/$7,(55$

   Pรกgina303de395


 'H DFXHUGR DO 0DSD GH =RQLILFDFLyQ HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HVWi IRUPDGR SRU ODV VLJXLHQWHV ]RQDV=RQD%DMD=RQD$OWD=RQD$OWD=RQD$OWD=RQD$OWD\=RQDQRDSOLFD TXH FRUUHVSRQGHDORVFHQWURVSREODGRV\FDXFHVGHTXHEUDGDV  $FRQWLQXDFLyQVHGHWDOODQODVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVHVSHFtILFDVGHFDGD]RQDGHOFDQWyQ 

 

=21$%$-$(QHVWD]RQDVHDVLHQWDODPD\RUSREODFLyQGHOD]RQDUXUDOTXHVRQ

KDELWDQWHVWLHQHXQDVXSHUILFLHGHKHFWiUHDVODFODVHGHWLHUUDGHHVWD]RQD HV OD 9 TXH HV XQD FODVH DJUROyJLFD HV GH XVR OLPLWDGR HVWDV WLHUUDV UHTXLHUHQ GH XQ WUDWDPLHQWR PX\ HVSHFLDO HQ FXDQWR D ODV ODERUHV FRQ PDTXLQDULD \D TXH SUHVHQWDQ OLPLWDFLRQHV GLItFLOHV GH HOLPLQDU HQ OD SUiFWLFD VH UHGXFH HO XVR GH FXOWLYRV DQXDOHV SHUPDQHQWHV \ VHPLSHUPDQHQWHV D XQRV SRFRV DSWRV SRU ODV VHYHUDV FRQGLFLRQHV ItVLFDV /DFDSDFLGDGGHXVRGHODWLHUUD &87 GHEHVHUDJUtFRODSHFXDULDDJURSHFXDULDRIRUHVWDO FRQOLJHUDDPRGHUDGDVOLPLWDFLRQHVGHELGRDTXHHVOD]RQDVXVFHSWLEOHDLQXQGDFLRQHV  =RQD ELHQ XWLOL]DGD HQ FXOWLYRV GH DUUR]  FRFR  FDFDR \ FRFRWHUR  SDVWR FXOWLYDGR YDULRV FLFOR FRUWR  SHUR FRQ XQ WUDWDPLHQWR HVSHFLDOL]DGR GHELGR D TXH ODV LQXQGDFLRQHV SURYRFDQ VHULRV SUREOHPDV SRU OR FXDO QR VH UHDOL]DQ VHPEUtRV SHUHQQHV VRODPHQWHFLFORFRUWR(OSURPHGLRGHSREODFLyQSRUVHFWRUHVFHQVDOHVTXHFDUDFWHUL]DQHVWD ]RQDHVGHKDELWDQWHV\ODGHQVLGDGSREODFLRQDOHVDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHGHKDENPรฐ DO VXU GH OD ]RQD VH HQFXHQWUDQ ORV VLWLRV FRQ PD\RU Q~PHUR GH KDELWDQWHV FRPR VRQ 6RVRWH9DOGH]9DOOH+HUPRVR5HVEDOyQ3DTXLVKD7DEDFDOHV6DQ-RVpGH/DV3HxDVHQ HOFHQWURGH]RQDVHHQFXHQWUDHO3XHEOLWRHO&HUULWR\DOQRURHVWH+LJXHUyQPLHQWUDVTXH HQOD]RQDQRUWHODSREODFLyQHVPX\EDMD\GLVSHUVD. (VWD]RQDFXHQWDFRQORVVLJXLHQWHVVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVHOQ~PHURGHKDELWDQWHVSRUJUXSRV WLSR GH KDFLQDPLHQWR \ OD SREODFLyQ HFRQyPLFDPHQWH DFWLYD 3($ ORV PLVPRV TXH VH GHWDOODQDFRQWLQXDFLyQ $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFDGHQWURGHODYLYLHQGD  $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFD  6HUYLFLR+LJLpQLFRFRQHFWDGRDUHGS~EOLFDGHDOFDQWDULOODGR  /X]HOpFWULFDSRUUHGGHHPSUHVDHOpFWULFDGHVHUYLFLRS~EOLFR  (OLPLQDFLyQGHEDVXUDSRUFDUURUHFROHFWRU  9LYLHQGDVTXHFXHQWDQFRQVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRV  GH7DVD1HWD$VLVWHQFLD 71$ EiVLFDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ SULPDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV    Pรกgina304de395


 3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VHFXQGDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ EDFKLOOHUDWRGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VXSHULRUGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  +RJDUHVQRKDFLQDGRV  +RJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHKRJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  7RWDOGH+RJDUHV  7RWDOGHRFXSDGRVSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDG  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVHQOD3($  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVDVDODULDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVQRUHPXQHUDGRV    $ 

$1$/,6,6'(/$69$5,$%/(6(675$7(*,&$6'(/$=21$%$-$

VARIABLESESTRATEGICAS CENSALES

DESCRIPCIONZONABAJA A=5.114,25HAS.

BIENUTILIZADOSEGรšNELTIPODECULTIVOS PEROCONMODERADASLIMITACIONES DEBIDOSALASINUNDACIONESQUE SUCEDENENEPOCASDEINVIERNO(CLASE CONFICTODEUSODESUELO DETIERRAV) POBLACIONTOTAL 13363HABITANTES PORCENTAJESDESERVICIOSBASICOS 49,40% NIร‘OSQUENOASISTENACLASES 5% NIVELDEINSTRUCCIร“NSUPERIOR 19% HACINAMIENTO 20,50% PEAPORRAMADEACTIVIDAD 96% 38% PEANOREMUNERADO 



 

=21$ $/7$  (VWD ]RQD HV OD PHMRU HQ FXDQWR D DSWLWXG DJUtFROD SHFXDULD

DJURSHFXDULD R IRUHVWDO FRQ OLJHUD OLPLWDFLyQ WLHQH XQD VXSHUILFLH  KDV \ XQD SREODFLyQGHKDELWDQWHVWLHQHXQVXHORGHFODVH,,6RQWLHUUDVDUDEOHVTXHSXHGHQVHU XWLOL]DGDV SDUD HO GHVDUUROOR GH DFWLYLGDGHV DJUtFRODV SHFXDULDV R IRUHVWDOHV DGDSWDGDV HFROyJLFDPHQWHDOD]RQDUHTXLHUHQSUiFWLFDVGHPDQHMRPiVFXLGDGRVRTXHORVVXHORVGH OD&ODVH,VRQWLHUUDVFRQOLJHUDVOLPLWDFLRQHVFRQSHQGLHQWHVPHQRUHVDO =RQDELHQXWLOL]DGD XWLOL]DGDHQFXOWLYRVGHPDt]FHEROODSHUOD]DSDOORYDULRV FLFORFRUWR KRUWtFROD\PDWRUUDO VHJHQHUDXQFRQIOLFWRSRUODDPSOLDFLyQGHOFXOWLYRGH FHEROODSHUODHOPLVPRTXHFRQWDPLQDHODPELHQWH\HOVXHORSRUODXWLOL]DFLyQLQGLVFULPLQDGD   Pรกgina305de395


 GH DJURTXtPLFRV (O SURPHGLR GH SREODFLyQ SRU VHFWRUHV FHQVDOHV TXH FDUDFWHUL]DQ HVWD ]RQDHVGHKDELWDQWHV\ODGHQVLGDGSREODFLRQDOHVDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHGHKDENPรฐ/D SREODFLyQHVGLVSHUVDSRUTXHHOWHUULWRULRHVHPLQHQWHPHQWHDJUtFROD\FDUHFHGHVHUYLFLRV EiVLFRV (VWD]RQDFXHQWDFRQORVVLJXLHQWHVVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVHOQ~PHURGHKDELWDQWHVSRUJUXSRV WLSR GH KDFLQDPLHQWR \ OD SREODFLyQ HFRQyPLFDPHQWH DFWLYD 3($ ORV PLVPRV TXH VH GHWDOODQDFRQWLQXDFLyQ $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFDGHQWURGHODYLYLHQGD  $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFD  6HUYLFLR+LJLpQLFRFRQHFWDGRDUHGS~EOLFDGHDOFDQWDULOODGR  /X]HOpFWULFDSRUUHGGHHPSUHVDHOpFWULFDGHVHUYLFLRS~EOLFR  (OLPLQDFLyQGHEDVXUDSRUFDUURUHFROHFWRU  9LYLHQGDVTXHFXHQWDQFRQVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRV  GH7DVD1HWD$VLVWHQFLD 71$ EiVLFDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ SULPDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VHFXQGDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ EDFKLOOHUDWRGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VXSHULRUGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  +RJDUHVQRKDFLQDGRV  +RJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHKRJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  7RWDOGH+RJDUHV  7RWDOGHRFXSDGRVSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDG  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVHQOD3($  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVDVDODULDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVQRUHPXQHUDGRV  

  Pรกgina306de395


 $ 

$1$/,6,6 '( /$6 9$5,$%/(6 (675$7(*,&$6 '( /$ =21$ $/7$ 

VARIABLESESTRATEGICAS CENSALES

CONFICTODEUSODESUELO

POBLACIONTOTAL PORCENTAJESDESERVICIOSBASICOS NIร‘OSQUENOASISTENACLASES NIVELDEINSTRUCCIร“NSUPERIOR HACINAMIENTO PEAPORRAMADEACTIVIDAD PEANOREMUNERADO

DESCRIPCIONZONAALTANยบ1 A=2.891,70HAS. BUENUSOAGRICOLAYFORESTALCON LIGERALIMITACION,AUNQUE ACTUALMENTESEGENERAUNCONFLICTO DEUSOPORLAAMPLIACIONDELCULTIVO DECEBOLLAPERLAENLAQUESEUTILIZA MUCHOSAGROQUIMICOS(CLASEDE TIERRASII) 718HABITANTES 25,26% 7% 15% 22% 96% 44%





 

=21$$/7$(VWD]RQDHVODPiVH[WHQVD\FRUUHVSRQGHDOD]RQDDOWDFRQXQD

VXSHUILFLHGH+DV\XQDSREODFLyQGHKDELWDQWHVVXVWLHUUDVVRQGH&/$6( ,,,6RQWLHUUDVDUDEOHVHQODVFXDOHVVHUHGXFHODSRVLELOLGDGGHHOHFFLyQGHFXOWLYRVDQXDOHV DGHVDUUROODURVHLQFUHPHQWDQORVFRVWRVGHSURGXFFLyQGHELGRDODSUHVHQFLDGHOLJHUDVD PRGHUDGDVOLPLWDFLRQHVSRUORTXHH[LVWHODQHFHVLGDGGHXVDUSUiFWLFDVGHPDQHMRGHVXHOR \ DJXD *HQHUDOPHQWH VH HQFXHQWUDQ HQ SHQGLHQWHV PHQRUHV DO   6X DSWLWXG HV DJUtFRODSHFXDULDDJURSHFXDULDRIRUHVWDOFRQOLJHUDDPRGHUDGDVOLPLWDFLRQHV  =21$0$/87,/,=$'$ XVRDFWXDOPDWRUUDOVHFRPX\DOWHUDPDWRUUDOVHFRDOWHUDGR PDt]RWURVFXOWLYRV GHDFXHUGRDODFODVHGHWLHUUDHOVXHORHVWiPDOXWLOL]DGR GHELGRDTXHHQHVWD]RQDVHGHEHUtDGHVDUUROODUVHODDJULFXOWXUDDJUDQHVFDODSHURQRVH OR KD KHFKR SRU OD HVFDVHV GH DJXD \D TXH  QR H[LVWHQ IXHQWHV GH FDSWDFLyQ GH DJXD (O SURPHGLR GH SREODFLyQ SRU VHFWRUHV FHQVDOHV TXH FDUDFWHUL]DQ HVWD ]RQD HV GH  KDELWDQWHV\ODGHQVLGDGSREODFLRQDOHVDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHGHKDENPรฐ/DSREODFLyQHV GLVSHUVDSRUTXHHOWHUULWRULRHVHPLQHQWHPHQWHDJUtFROD\FDUHFHGHORVSULQFLSDOHVVHUYLFLRV EiVLFRV  (VWD]RQDFXHQWDFRQORVVLJXLHQWHVVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVHOQ~PHURGHKDELWDQWHVSRUJUXSRV WLSR GH KDFLQDPLHQWR \ OD SREODFLyQ HFRQyPLFDPHQWH DFWLYD 3($ ORV PLVPRV TXH VH GHWDOODQDFRQWLQXDFLyQ    Pรกgina307de395


 $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFDGHQWURGHODYLYLHQGD  $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFD  6HUYLFLR+LJLpQLFRFRQHFWDGRDUHGS~EOLFDGHDOFDQWDULOODGR  /X]HOpFWULFDSRUUHGGHHPSUHVDHOpFWULFDGHVHUYLFLRS~EOLFR  (OLPLQDFLyQGHEDVXUDSRUFDUURUHFROHFWRU  9LYLHQGDVTXHFXHQWDQFRQVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRV  GH7DVD1HWD$VLVWHQFLD 71$ EiVLFDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ SULPDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VHFXQGDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ EDFKLOOHUDWRGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VXSHULRUGHSREODFLRQGHDxRV  +RJDUHVQRKDFLQDGRV  +RJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHKRJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  7RWDOGH+RJDUHV  7RWDOGHRFXSDGRVSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDG  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVHQOD3($  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVDVDODULDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVQRUHPXQHUDGRV    $ 

$1$/,6,6'(/$69$5,$%/(6(675$7(*,&$6'(/$=21$$/7$

VARIABLESESTRATEGICAS CENSALES

DESCRIPCIONZONAALTANยบ2 A=12077,94HAS.

ESTAMALUTILIZADOYAQUEENESTAZONA DEBIARADESARROLLARSELAAGRICULTURA, PERONOSELOHAREALIZADODEBIDOALA CONFICTODEUSODESUELO FALTADEAGUAYAQUENOEXISTEN FUENTESDECAPTAIONDEAGUA(CLASEDE TIERRASIII) POBLACIONTOTAL 4622HABITANTES PORCENTAJESDESERVICIOSBASICOS 33,44% NIร‘OSQUENOASISTENACLASES 6% NIVELDEINSTRUCCIร“NSUPERIOR 10% HACINAMIENTO 22% PEAPORRAMADEACTIVIDAD 96% PEANOREMUNERADO 44% 

   Pรกgina308de395


 

 

=21$ $/7$  (VWD =RQD VH XELFD HQ OD ]RQD DOWD WLHQHQ XQD VXSHUILFLH 

KHFWiUHDV \ XQD SREODFLyQ GH  KDELWDQWHV 7LHQH XQD &/$6( ,9 GH WLHUUD VRQ WLHUUDV DUDEOHV TXH UHTXLHUHQ XQ WUDWDPLHQWR HVSHFLDO HQ FXDQWR D ODV ODERUHV GH PDTXLQDULD R SHUPLWHQXQODERUHRRFDVLRQDOSDUDHYLWDUODHURVLyQKtGULFD6HUHVWULQJHHOHVWDEOHFLPLHQWR GHFXOWLYRVLQWHQVLYRV\DGPLWHFXOWLYRVVLHPSUH\FXDQGRVHUHDOLFHQSUiFWLFDVGHPDQHMR\ FRQVHUYDFLyQ =RQDFRQIOLFWR XWLOL]DGDHQFXOWLYRVGHPDt]PDWRUUDOVHFRDOWHUDGRPDWRUUDOVHFR PX\DOWHUDGRKDEDSD\DURWURV VHUHFRPLHQGDTXHXQPDQHMRDGHFXDGRHQ OD]RQDGRQGHVHFXOWLYDDXQTXHORLGHDOVHUtDTXHHVWD]RQDVHUHIRUHVWHSDUDVHDXQiUHD GH SURWHFFLyQ \ FRQVHUYDFLyQ GHO DPELHQWH HO &87 GHEH VHU DJUtFROD SHFXDULD DJURSHFXDULD R IRUHVWDO FRQ VHYHUDV OLPLWDFLRQHV (O SURPHGLR GH SREODFLyQ SRU VHFWRUHV FHQVDOHV TXH FDUDFWHUL]DQ HVWD ]RQD HV GH  KDELWDQWHV \ OD GHQVLGDG SREODFLRQDO HV DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH GH  KDENPรฐ /D SREODFLyQ HV GLVSHUVD SRUTXH HO WHUULWRULR HV HPLQHQWHPHQWHDJUtFROD\FDUHFHGHVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRV  (VWD]RQDFXHQWDFRQORVVLJXLHQWHVVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVHOQ~PHURGHKDELWDQWHVSRUJUXSRV WLSR GH KDFLQDPLHQWR \ OD SREODFLyQ HFRQyPLFDPHQWH DFWLYD 3($ ORV PLVPRV TXH VH GHWDOODQDFRQWLQXDFLyQ  $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFDGHQWURGHODYLYLHQGD  $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFD  6HUYLFLR+LJLpQLFRFRQHFWDGRDUHGS~EOLFDGHDOFDQWDULOODGR  /X]HOpFWULFDSRUUHGGHHPSUHVDHOpFWULFDGHVHUYLFLRS~EOLFR  (OLPLQDFLyQGHEDVXUDSRUFDUURUHFROHFWRU  9LYLHQGDVTXHFXHQWDQFRQVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRV  GH7DVD1HWD$VLVWHQFLD 71$ EiVLFDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ SULPDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VHFXQGDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ EDFKLOOHUDWRGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VXSHULRUGHSREODFLRQGHDxRV  +RJDUHVQRKDFLQDGRV  +RJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHKRJDUHVKDFLQDGRV    Pรกgina309de395


 7RWDOGH+RJDUHV  7RWDOGHRFXSDGRVSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDG  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVHQOD3($  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVDVDODULDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVQRUHPXQHUDGRV   $ 

$1$/,6,6'(/$69$5,$%/(6(675$7(*,&$6'(/$=21$$/7$

VARIABLESESTRATEGICAS CENSALES

DESCRIPCIONZONAALTANยบ3 A=6587HAS.

ZONAENCONFLICTO,DEBIDOAQUEDEBE UTILIZARSEPARASIEMBRADEBOSQUEDE CONFICTODEUSODESUELO PROTECCIONYDECONSERVACIONDEL AMBIENTE(CLASEDETIERRASIV) POBLACIONTOTAL 5164HABITANTES PORCENTAJESDESERVICIOSBASICOS 26,51% NIร‘OSQUENOASISTENACLASES 8% NIVELDEINSTRUCCIร“N 5% HACINAMIENTO 33% PEAPORRAMADEACTIVIDAD 99% PEANOREMUNERADO 12%  

 

=21$ $/7$  (VWD ]RQD VH ORFDOL]D HQ ODV SDUWHV PiV DOWDV \ HQ ORV OtPLWHV

FDQWRQDOHVWLHQHXQDVXSHUILFLHGHKHFWiUHDV\XQDSREODFLyQGHKDELWDQWHV(V GH &/$6( 9,, VRQ WLHUUDV QR DUDEOHV TXH SUHVHQWDQ IXHUWHV OLPLWDFLRQHV SDUD HO ODERUHR HVSHFLDOPHQWH SRU OD SHQGLHQWH /DV FRQGLFLRQHV GH HVWD FODVH VH UHGXFHQ DO DSURYHFKDPLHQWRIRUHVWDOODLQFOXVLyQGHRWUDVDFWLYLGDGHVGHJUDGDVXVFRQGLFLRQHVItVLFDV =RQD FRQ SRFD iUHD GHVWLQDGD D OD DJULFXOWXUD  XWLOL]DGD HQ FXOWLYRV GH PDt]  KDED SD\DUPDWRUUDOVHFRWURVFRQIOLFWRSRUODDPSOLDFLyQGHOFXOWLYRGHFHEROODSHUODHO PLVPR TXH FRQWDPLQD HO DPELHQWH \ HO VXHOR SRU OD XWLOL]DFLyQ LQGLVFULPLQDGD GH DJURTXtPLFRVHO&87HVSDUDDSURYHFKDPLHQWRIRUHVWDO  (VWD]RQDFXHQWDFRQORVVLJXLHQWHVVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVHOQ~PHURGHKDELWDQWHVSRUJUXSRV WLSR GH KDFLQDPLHQWR \ OD SREODFLyQ HFRQyPLFDPHQWH DFWLYD 3($ ORV PLVPRV TXH VH GHWDOODQDFRQWLQXDFLyQ     Pรกgina310de395


 $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFDGHQWURGHODYLYLHQGD  $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFD  6HUYLFLR+LJLpQLFRFRQHFWDGRDUHGS~EOLFDGHDOFDQWDULOODGR  /X]HOpFWULFDSRUUHGGHHPSUHVDHOpFWULFDGHVHUYLFLRS~EOLFR  (OLPLQDFLyQGHEDVXUDSRUFDUURUHFROHFWRU  9LYLHQGDVTXHFXHQWDQFRQVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRV  GH7DVD1HWD$VLVWHQFLD 71$ EiVLFDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ SULPDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VHFXQGDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ EDFKLOOHUDWRGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VXSHULRUGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  +RJDUHVQRKDFLQDGRV  +RJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHKRJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  7RWDOGH+RJDUHV  7RWDOGHRFXSDGRVSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDG  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVHQOD3($  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVDVDODULDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVQRUHPXQHUDGRV   $ 

$1$/,6,6'(/$69$5,$%/(6(675$7(*,&$6'(/$=21$$/7$

VARIABLESESTRATEGICAS CENSALES

DESCRIPCIONZONAALTANยบ4 A=685,40HAS.

ZONACONPOCAAREADESTINADAALA AGRICULTURADEBIDOALAPENDIENTEMUY FUERTE,SERECOMIENDASUUSOPARA CONFICTODEUSODESUELO BOSQUESDEPROTECICONYDE CONSERVACIONDELAMBIENTE(CLASEDE TIERRAVIอฒVII) POBLACIONTOTAL 398HABITANTES PORCENTAJESDESERVICIOSBASICOS 27,31% NIร‘OSQUENOASISTENACLASES 9% NIVELDEINSTRUCCIร“NSUPERIOR 19% HACINAMIENTO 23% PEAPORRAMADEACTIVIDAD 99% PEANOREMUNERADO 12%     Pรกgina311de395




 

=21$ 12 $3/,&$ &(17526 32%/$'26 < &$86(6 '( 48(%5$'$6  (VWD

]RQDFRUUHVSRQGHDORVFHQWURVSREODGRV\VHKDLQFOXLGRODVWLHUUDVPLVFHOiQHDVTXH VRQ ORV FDXFHV GH ODV TXHEUDGDV GRQGH VH DVLHQWD OD PD\RU SDUWH GH OD SREODFLyQ GHO FDQWyQH[LVWHQFRQIOLFWRHQHOXVRGHOVXHORGHELGRDTXHQRH[LVWHXQDQRUPDWLYDFODUDSDUD VXDSOLFDFLyQ\FRQWURO (VWD]RQDFXHQWDFRQORVVLJXLHQWHVVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRVHOQ~PHURGHKDELWDQWHVSRUJUXSRV WLSR GH KDFLQDPLHQWR \ OD SREODFLyQ HFRQyPLFDPHQWH DFWLYD 3($ ORV PLVPRV TXH VH GHWDOODQDFRQWLQXDFLyQ $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFDGHQWURGHODYLYLHQGD  $JXDSRUUHGS~EOLFD  6HUYLFLR+LJLpQLFRFRQHFWDGRDUHGS~EOLFDGHDOFDQWDULOODGR  /X]HOpFWULFDSRUUHGGHHPSUHVDHOpFWULFDGHVHUYLFLRS~EOLFR  (OLPLQDFLyQGHEDVXUDSRUFDUURUHFROHFWRU  9LYLHQGDVTXHFXHQWDQFRQVHUYLFLRVEiVLFRV  GH7DVD1HWD$VLVWHQFLD 71$ EiVLFDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ SULPDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VHFXQGDULDGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ EDFKLOOHUDWRGHSREODFLyQGHDxRV  3RUFHQWDMHGH 71$ VXSHULRUGHSREODFLRQGHDxRV  +RJDUHVQRKDFLQDGRV  +RJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHKRJDUHVKDFLQDGRV  7RWDOGH+RJDUHV  7RWDOGHRFXSDGRVSRUUDPDGHDFWLYLGDG  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVHQOD3($  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVDVDODULDGRV  3RUFHQWDMHGHRFXSDGRVQRUHPXQHUDGRV            Pรกgina312de395


 $ 

$1$/,6,6'(/$69$5,$%/(6(675$7(*,&$6'(/$=21$12$3/,&$%/(6

DESCRIPCIONZONANO VARIABLESESTRATEGICAS APLICABLES(CENTROSPOBLADOS CENSALES YCAUCESDEQUEBRADAS)A=629 HAS.+54,71HAS,=683,71HAS. SONCENTROSPOBLADOS,DONDESE ASIENTALMAYORPARTEDELAPOBLACION, ENLAMISMAQUEEXISTECONFLICTODE CONFICTODEUSODESUELO USODELSUELOALNOEXISTIRUNA NORMATIVACLARAPARASUAPLICACIÓNY CONTROL. POBLACIONTOTAL 9204HABITANTES PORCENTAJESDESERVICIOSBASICOS 95,00% NIÑOSQUENOASISTENACLASES 7% NIVELDEINSTRUCCIÓNSUPERIOR 36% HACINAMIENTO 18% PEAPORRAMADEACTIVIDAD 92% PEANOREMUNERADO 44% 

   

  Página313de395






 




)$6(,,  35238(67$  9,6,21'(&$'$&20321(17( 120%5( '(/ &$17ร1



5 2 & $ ) 8 ( 5 7 (

'(6&5,3&,ร1'(/$9,6,ร1&$1721$/'( &$'$&20321(17( %,2),6,&2(OFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHWHQGUiODVFRQGLFLRQHV ItVLFDV DPELHQWDOHV \ WHUULWRULDOHV QHFHVDULDV TXH SHUPLWDQHOEXHQYLYLUGHVXVKDELWDQWHV 62&,$/ &8/785$/ 3DUD HO DxR  HO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH FRQWDUD FRQ VHUYLFLRV GH VDOXG HGXFDFLyQ UHFUHDFLyQ \ VHJXULGDG FLXGDGDQD GH PDQHUD LQWHJUDO UHYDORUL]DQGR ODV  FRVWXPEUHV \ WUDGLFLRQHV DQFHVWUDOHV GHVXSREODFLyQ (&2120,&2 $O DxR  5RFDIXHUWH YHUi IRUWDOHFLGD VXSURGXFWLYLGDGORFDOGHPDQHUDVRVWHQLEOH\VXVWHQWDEOH DSURYHFKDQGR ORV UHFXUVRV QDWXUDOHV KXPDQRV \ WHFQROyJLFRV SRWHQFLDQGR ORV VHFWRUHV GH OD HFRQRPtD DJURSHFXDULDDUWHVDQDOWXUtVWLFD\FRPHUFLDOHQJHQHUDO

3523ร6,72 '(/$ 9,6,ร1      0HMRUDUOD FDOLGDGGH YLGDGHORV DVHQWDPLHQWRV KXPDQRVSDUD DOFDQ]DUHO %XHQ9LYLU

$6(17$0,(1726 +80$126 /RV KDELWDQWHV GHO FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH FRQWDUDQ FRQ VHUYLFLRV EiVLFRV TXH JDUDQWLFHQ VX VDOXG FRQ XQ VLVWHPD RUJDQL]DFLRQDO TXH SHUPLWDPHMRUDUVXFDOLGDGGHYLGD 029,/,'$' 6HUi XQ FDQWyQ LQWHJUDGR FRQ VXV KDELWDQWHV \ GHPiV FHQWURV SREODGRV GHO SDtV PHGLDQWH OD DUWLFXODFLyQ GH UHGHV YLDOHV HQHUJtD \ PHGLRV FRPXQLFDFLRQDOHVHQySWLPDVFRQGLFLRQHV 32/,7,&2 ,167,78&,21$/ (O *$' 0XQLFLSDO EULQGDUD VXV VHUYLFLRV FRQ FDOLGDG \ FDOLGH] IRUWDOHFLHQGR OD SDUWLFLSDFLyQ FLXGDGDQD HQ ORV GLIHUHQWHV SURFHVRV GH OD WRPDGHGHFLVLRQHV

 

   

 Pรกgina315de395




 9,6,21&$1721$/ (OFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHHQHODxRWHQGUiODVFRQGLFLRQHVItVLFDVDPELHQWDOHV\ WHUULWRULDOHV QHFHVDULDV TXH SHUPLWDQ HO EXHQ YLYLU GH VXV KDELWDQWHV TXLHQHV FRQWDUDQ FRQ VHUYLFLRV EiVLFRV ySWLPRV FRQ VDOXG HGXFDFLyQ UHFUHDFLyQ \ VHJXULGDGFLXGDGDQDGHPDQHUDLQWHJUDOUHYDORUL]DQGRODVFRVWXPEUHV\WUDGLFLRQHV DQFHVWUDOHVIRUWDOHFLHQGRVXSURGXFWLYLGDGORFDOGHPDQHUDVRVWHQLEOH\VXVWHQWDEOH DSURYHFKDQGR ORV UHFXUVRV QDWXUDOHV KXPDQRV \ WHFQROyJLFRV SRWHQFLDQGR ORV VHFWRUHV GH OD HFRQRPtD DJURSHFXDULD DUWHVDQDO DJURWXUtVWLFR \ FRPHUFLDO HQ JHQHUDOLQWHJUDQGRDVXVKDELWDQWHV\GHPiVFHQWURVSREODGRVGHOSDtVPHGLDQWH OD DUWLFXODFLyQ GH UHGHV YLDOHV HQHUJtD \ PHGLRV FRPXQLFDFLRQDOHV  GH FDOLGDG EULQGDQGR XQD DWHQFLyQ D OD FRPXQLGDG FRQ FDOLGH] \ HILFLHQFLD IRUWDOHFLHQGR OD SDUWLFLSDFLyQFLXGDGDQDHQORVGLIHUHQWHVSURFHVRVGHODWRPDGHGHFLVLRQHV

 

0,6,21&$1721$/

(O FDQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH HV XQ WHUULWRULR FRQ XQ SRWHQFLDO DJURSHFXDULR DUWHVDQDO DJURWXULVWLFRJDVWURQyPLFR\FRPHUFLDOFRQKDELWDQWHVTXHPDQWLHQHQFRVWXPEUHV\ WUDGLFLRQHVH[SUHVDGDVHQVXKRVSLWDOLGDG\FDOLGH]

 

2%-(7,926(675$7(*,&26

6HKDQGHWHUPLQDGRRQFH2EMHWLYRV(VWUDWpJLFRVGHORVFXDOHVXQRTXHFRUUHVSRQGH DO &RPSRQHQWH GH PRYLOLGDG HQHUJtD \ FRQHFWLYLGDG QR HV FRPSHWHQFLD GHO *$' SHURORGHMDPRVGHILQLGRSDUDSRGHUPRQLWRUHDUFRPRDYDQ]DQODVLQVWLWXFLRQHVTXH WLHQHQDVXFDUJRHVWDVDFWLYLGDGHVFRPRVRQOD&1(/\&17     

  Pรกgina316de395


 $ FDGD 2EMHWLYR (VWUDWpJLFR VH OH KDQ GHILQLGR XQR R YDULRV LQGLFDGRUHV FRQ VXV UHVSHFWLYDVPHWDV$FRQWLQXDFLyQVHHQOLVWDQORV2EMHWLYRV(VWUDWpJLFRV   ,PSOHPHQWDUHOGHVDUUROORRUGHQDGRGHOFDQWyQ  *DUDQWL]DUORVGHUHFKRVGHODQDWXUDOH]DSURPRYLHQGRXQDPELHQWHVDQR\ VXVWHQWDEOH  )RUWDOHFHUORVVHUYLFLRVGHVDOXGHGXFDFLyQUHFUHDFLyQ\VHJXULGDGFLXGDGDQDD WRGDODSREODFLyQFRQHVSHFLDODWHQFLyQDORVJUXSRVSULRULWDULRVSURPXOJDQGROD FRUUHVSRQVDELOLGDG\ODpWLFDGHOFLXGDGDQR  2ULHQWDUDODFLXGDGDQtDDOHPSRGHUDPLHQWRGHVXVWUDGLFLRQHV\FRVWXPEUHV DQFHVWUDOHVFRPRXQHQIRTXHGHSRWHQFLDFXOWXUDO\WXUtVWLFD  0HMRUDUODVFRQGLFLRQHVSURGXFWLYDV\GHPHUFDGR  )RPHQWDUDFWLYLGDGHVDVRFLDWLYDV\SURGXFWLYDVFRPXQLWDULDVSDUDODVHJXULGDG DOLPHQWDULDORFDO  0HMRUDUODFDOLGDGGHOKDELWDGGHORVDVHQWDPLHQWRVKXPDQRVGHOFDQWyQ  0HMRUDUODLQIUDHVWUXFWXUDYLDO\FREHUWXUDGHOWUDQVSRUWHS~EOLFRTXHSHUPLWD VDWLVIDFHUODVQHFHVLGDGHVGHODSREODFLyQ  0HMRUDUODFDOLGDGGHORVVHUYLFLRVS~EOLFRVTXHRIUHFHHO*$' 3URPRYHUODSDUWLFLSDFLyQFLXGDGDQDHQHOFDQWyQ $PSOLDUODFREHUWXUDGHDFFHVRDWHFQRORJtDGHLQIRUPDFLyQFRPXQLFDFLyQ\ VLVWHPDHOpFWULFR                 Pรกgina317de395


 

0(7$6(,1',&$'25(60,1,026325&20321(17(6

$FRQWLQXDFLyQVHGHWDOODQORVLQGLFDGRUHVSRUFRPSRQHQWHVLQJUHVDGRVDO6,*$' FRQODUHVSHFWLYDPHWDDUWLFXODGRVDORV(MHVQDFLRQDOHVDORV2EMHWLYRVGHO3ODQ 1DFLRQDOGHO%XHQ9LYLU\DODVFRPSHWHQFLDVH[FOXVLYDV\FRQFXUUHQWHV GHO*$'0XQLFLSDOGHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH  &20321(17(%,2),6,&2

(-(

5('8&&,21 '(%5(&+$6

31%9 

2%-(7,92 0(-25$5/$ &$/,'$''( 9,'$'(/$ 32%/$&,21

&203(7(1&,$'(/*$'

 (-(5&(5(/&21752/ 62%5((/862< 2&83$&,21'(/68(/2 (1(/&$1721  (/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5/26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2685%$126 <585$/(6

2%-(7,92

,03/(0(17$5 (/ '(6$552//2 25'(1$'2 '(/&$17ร1

9$/25 %$6(

0(7$



$&78$/,=$5 &5($5< $352%$5 25'(1$1=$6'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ +$67$(/$f2 

180(52'( 25'(1$1=$6'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ $352%$'$6



,1&5(0(17$5 $//26 35(',26 &$7$675$'26 (1(/$5($ 85%$1$&21 (6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

325&(17$-('( 35(',26 &$7$675$'26(1 (/$5($85%$1$ &21(6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6



,1&5(0(17$5 $//26 35(',26 &$7$675$'26 (1(/$5($ 585$/&21 (6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

325&(17$-('( 35(',26 &$7$675$'26(1 (/$5($585$/ &21(6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6



&5($5< $3529$5 %$55,26 85%$126 /(*$/0(17( &2167,78,'26 +$67$(/$f2 

1ร’0(52'( %$55,26 /(*$/0(17( &2167,78,'26



&217$5&2181 (678',23$5$ 1ร’0(52'( &5($&,21'( (678',2 81$3$55248,$ 5($/,=$'2 585$/+$67$(/ $f2

,1',&$'25

  Pรกgina318de395






&803/,5 $18$/0(17( &21(/'( /$ 3/$1,),&$&,21 35(6838(67$5, $(17(0$6'( *(67,21 $0%,(17$/ +$67$(/

(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$ '(67,1$'2$/$ *(67,21 $0%,(17$/



5()25(67$5 0(',$17( &219(1,2(/ '(/$6 +$6 &216,'(5$'$6 +$67$(/

325&(17$-( $18$/'( +(&7$5($6 '(67,1$'$6$/$ &216(59$&,21< 3527(&&,21'( (&26,67(0$



,1&/8,5(/ '(/$6+$ &216,'(5$'$6 &202 (&26,67(0$6 )5$*,/(63$5$ ),1(6'( &216(59$&,21 +$67$(/

325&(17$-( $18$/'( +(&7$5($6 '(67,1$'$6$/$ &216(59$&,21< 3527(&&,21'( (&26,67(0$



,1&5(0(17$5$ 81/26 (67$%/(&,0,(17 26'(6$/8' &21(/6(59,&,2 '( $/&$17$5,//$' 2<$*8$ 327$%/(+$67$ (/

325&(17$-(6'( (67$%/(&,0,(172 6'(6$/8'&21 6(59,&,26'( $/&$17$5,//$'2 <$*8$327$%/(



,1&5(0(17$5 (181(/ 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'23$5$ /$6$/8'+$67$ (/

325&(17$-('( 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'23$5$ /$6$/8'325(/ *$'



$03/,$5(181 /26 (67$%/(&,0,(17 26('8&$7,926 &216(59,&,2 '( $/&$17$5,//$' 2<$*8$ 327$%/(+$67$ (/

325&(17$-(6'( (67$%/(&,0,(172 6('8&$7,926 &216(59,&,26'( $/&$17$5,//$'2 <$*8$327$%/(

5(*8/$535(9(1,5< &21752/$5/$ &217$0,1$&,21 $0%,(17$/(1(/ 2%-(7,92 7(55,725,2&$1721$/ *$5$17,=$5 '(0$1(5$$57,&8/$'$ *$5$17,=$5 /26 &21/$632/,7,&$6 /26'(5(&+26 '(5(&+26'( $0%,(17$/(6 '(/$ 6867(17$%,/ /$ 1$&,21$/(6 1$785$/(=$ ,'$' 1$785$/(=$<  352029,(1'2 3$75,021,$/ 352029(5/$  81$0%,(17( 6267(1,%,/,'$ 35(6(59$50$17(1(5< 6$12< '$0%,(17$/ ',)81',5(/3$75,021,2 6867(17$%/( 7(55,725,$/< $548,7(&721,&2 */2%$/ &8/785$/<1$785$/ '(/&$1721< &216758,5/26 (63$&,2638%/,&26 3$5$(6726),1(6

&20321(17(62&,2&8/785$/

5('8&&,21 '(%5(&+$

35(67$5/266(59,&,26 38%/,&26'($*8$ 327$%/( $/&$17$5,//$'2 '(385$&,21'($*8$6 5(6,'8$/(60$1(-2'( '(6(&+2662/,'26 $&7,9,'$'(6'( 6$1($0,(172$0%,(17$/  3/$1,),&$5&216758,5< 0$17(1(5/$ ,1)5$(6758&785$),6,&$ </26(48,3$0,(1726'( 2%-(7,92 6$/8'<('8&$&,21$6, 0(-25$5 &202/26(63$&,26 /$&$/,'$' 38%/,&26'(67,1$'26$/ '(9,'$'( '(6$552//262&,$/ 32%/$&,21 &8/785$/<'(3257,92 '($&8(5'2&21/$/(<  ,03/(0(17$5/26 6,67(0$6'(3527(&&,21 ,17(*5$/'(/&$172148( $6(*85(1(/(-(5&,&,2 *$5$17,$<(;,*,%,/,'$' '(/26'(5(&+26 &216$*5$'26(1/$ &2167,78&,21</26 ,167580(1726 ,17(51$&,21$/(6/2 &8$/,1&/8,5ยฌ/$ &21)250$&,21'(/26

)257$/(&(5 /266(59,&,26 '(6$/8' ('8&$&,ร1 5(&5($&,ร1< 6(*85,'$' &,8'$'$1$$ 72'$/$ 32%/$&,21 &21(63(&,$/ $7(1&,21$ /26*58326 35,25,7$5,26 35208/*$1'2 /$ &255(63216$ %,/,'$'</$ (7,&$'(/ &,8'$'$12

  Pรกgina319de395


 &216(-26&$1721$/(6 -817$6&$1721$/(6< 5('(6'(3527(&&,21'( '(5(&+26'(/26 *58326'($7(1&,21 35,25,7$5,$  &5($5<&225',1$5/26 &216(-26'(6(*85,'$' &,8'$'$1$&21/$ 3$57,&,3$&,21'(/$ 32/,&,$1$&,21$//$ &2081,'$'<27526 25*$1,6026 5(/$&,21$'26

2%-(7,92 &261758,5 (63$&,26'( (1&8(1752 6867(17$%,/ &2081< ,'$' )257$/(&(5 3$75,021,$/ /$,'(17,'$' 1$&,21$/ /$6 ,'(17,'$'(6 ',9(56$6/$

3$75,021,2&8/785$/ $548,7(&721,&2< 1$785$/

&803/,5 $18$/0(17((/ '(/ 35(6838(672  '(67,1$'2$/$ ('8&$&,21< &8/785$+$67$ (/

25,(17$5$/$ &,8'$'$1,$$/ (032'(5$0,( 172'(686 75$',&,21(6< &26780%5(6 $1&(675$/(6 &20281 (1)248('( 327(1&,$ &8/785$/<

325&(17$-('( 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'2$/$ ('8&$&,21< &8/785$



$680,5+$67$ (/ 32/,7,&$6(1 %(1(),&,2'( /26*58326'( $7(1&,21 35,25,7$5,$

180(52'( 32/,7,&$6 $680,'$6(1 %(1(),&,2'(/26 *58326 35,25,7$5,26



5(*(1(5$52 &216758,5 +$67$(/ (63$&,26 38%/,&26(1(/ &$17ร1 52&$)8(57(

180(52'( (63$&,26 38%/,&26 5(*(1(5$'262 &216758,'26(1 (/&$17ร1 52&$)8(57(



,1&5(0(17$5 81$%5,*$'$ %$55,$/2 &2081,7$5,$ $18$/(0(17( +$67$(/

1ร’0(52'( %5,*$'$6 %$55,$/(62 &2081,7$5,$6 &21)250$'$6



,1&5(0(17$5 (48,326'( 6(*85,'$' $18$/0(17( +$67$(/

1ร’0(52'( (48,326 ,03/(0(17$'26



686&5,%,5 &219(1,26 $18$/0(17( &212*<21* 3$5$$7(1&,ร1 '(*58326 35,25,7$5,26 +$67$(/

1ร’0(52'( &219(1,26 686&5,726



(',7$581 '2&80(172 %,%/,2*5$),&2 62%5(/$ +,6725,$'(/$6 &2081,'$'(6 '(/&$1721 +$67$(/

1ร’0(52'( 38%/,&$&,21(6 5($/,=$'$6

  Pรกgina320de395


 3/85,1$&,21 $/,'$'</$ ,17(5&8/785 $/,$'$'

785,67,&$



(-(&87$5 )(67,9$/(6 &8/785$/(6(1 (/&$17ร1 $18$/0(17( +$67$(/

180(52'( )(67,9$/(6 &8/785$/(6 5($/,=$'26(1(/ &$1721



,17(59(1,5 3,1785$6'( &$%$//(7(48( 3(57(1((1$/ 3$75,021,2 &8/785$/'(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57( +$67$(/

180(52'( 3,1785$'( &$%$//(7('( 3523,('$''(/ *$'081,&,3$/ ,17(59(1,'$6



(-(&87$581 352<(&72'( 5($+$%,/,7$&,2 1'(/ 3$75,021,2 &8/785$/'(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57( +$67$(/

180(52'( 352<(&726'( 5($+$%,/,7$&,21 '(/3$75,021,2 &8/785$/'(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57( (-(&87$'26

P KDE

0(-25$5/$6 &21',&,21(6'( ,1)5$(6758&78 5$'(67,1$'26 $/$ &20(5&,$/,=$&, 21$ 0+$%+$67$ (/

'(16,'$''( ,1)5$(6758&785 $'(67,1$'$$/$ &20(5&,$/,=$&,2 1



5($/,=$5(/ '(/$6 &$3$&,7$&,21(6 352*5$0$'$6 $18$/0(17((1 7(0$6'( $6,67(1&,$ 7e&1,&$ 352'8&7,9$ +$67$(/

325&(17$-('( &$3$&,7$&,21(6 <$6,67(1&,$ 7(&1,&$ 352'8&7,9$ ,03$57,'$



686&5,%,5 &219(1,26&21 /26 25*$1,6026 &203(7(17(6 3$5$ &216758&&,ร1 < 0$17(1,0,(172 '(6,67(0$6'( 5,(*2<2 $/%$55$'$6 +$67$(/

&20321(17((&2120,&2

352029(5/26352&(626 '('(6$552//2 (&21C0,&2/2&$/(168 2%-(7,92 -85,6',&&,ร‘1321,(1'2 ,038/6$5/$ 0(-25$5/$6 81$$7(1&,ร‘1(63(&,$/ 0$75,= 75$16)250$ &21',&,21(6 (1(/(&725'(/$ 352'8&7,9$ &,21'( 352'8&7,9$6 (&2120รŽ$62&,$/< 0$75,= <'(0(5&$'2 62/,'$5,$3$5$/2&8$/ 352'8&7,9$ &225',1$5ยฌ&21/26 275261,9(/(6'( *2%,(512

1ร’0(52'( &219(1,26 686&5,726

  Pรกgina321de395




352029(5/26352&(626 '('(6$552//2 )20(17$5 (&21C0,&2/2&$/(168 $&7,9,'$'(6 2%-(7,92 -85,6',&&,ร‘1321,(1'2 $62&,$7,9$6< ,038/6$5/$ 81$$7(1&,ร‘1(63(&,$/ 352'8&7,9$6 0$75,= 75$16)250$ (1(/(&725'(/$ &2081,7$5,$6 352'8&7,9$ &,21'( (&2120รŽ$62&,$/< 3$5$/$ 0$75,= 62/,'$5,$3$5$/2&8$/ 6(*85,'$' 352'8&7,9$ &225',1$5ยฌ&21/26 $/,0(17$5,$ 275261,9(/(6'( /2&$/ *2%,(512



&803/,5 $18$/0(17( &21(/'( /$ 3/$1,),&$&,21 35(6838(67$5, $(17(0$6'( )20(172 352'8&7,92< &20(5&,$/,=$&, 21+$67$(/ 

(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$ (1)20(172 352'8&7,92< &20(5&,$/,=$&,2 1



&$3$&,7$5$/ '( 352'8&725(6 $62&,$'26(1 7(0$6'( )20(172 352'8&7,92< &20(5&,$/,=$&, 21+$67$(/ 

325&(17$-('( &$3$&,7$&,21(6 '(6$552//$'$6 $18$/0(17( ',5,*,'$6$ 352'8&725(6 $62&,$'26(1 7(0$6'( 6(*85,'$' $/,0(17$5,$< &20(5&,$/,=$&,2 1$62&,$7,9$



&21)250$5< $6(625$5'( /$6 $62&,$&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

1ร’0(52'( $62&,$&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6 /(*$/,=$'$6



/2*5$548((/ '(35(',26 (1(/&$1721 &8(17(1&21 $&&(62$5(' 38%/,&$'( $*8$$/

325&(17$-('( 35(',2648( 7(1*$1$&&(62$ /$5('38%/,&$ '($*8$(1(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57(



/2*5$548((/ '(35(',26 (1/$=21$ 85%$1$ &8(17(1&21 0(','25'( $*8$$/

325&(17$-('( 35(',26&21 0(','25'($*8$ (1/$=21$ 85%$1$

&20321(17('($6(17$0,(1726+80$126

2%-(7,92 0(-25$5/$ 5('8&&,21 &$/,'$''( '(%5(&+$6 9,'$'(/$ 32%/$&,21

35(67$5/26659,&,26 38%/,&26'($*8$ 327$%/( $/&$17$5,//$'2 '(385$&,21'($*8$6 0(-25$5/$ 5(6,'8$/(60$1(-2'( &$/,'$''(/ '(6(&+2662/,'26 +$%,7$7'( $&7,9,'$'(6'( /26 6$1($0,(172$0%,(17$/ $6(17$0,(172  6+80$126  '(/&$1721 (/$%25$5<$'0,1,675$5 /26&$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2685%$126< 585$/(6

$80(17$5/$ 352'8&&,21'(  352'8&&,21'( 92/80(1'($*8$ /WUV+DE $*8$$ 325+$%,7$17((1 GLDULRV  /WUV+DE GLDULRV  (/&$1721 +$67$(/ 52&$)8(57(

  Pรกgina322de395






$03/,$5$/ /$&2%(5785$ '(9,9,(1'$6 &2181 $'(&8$'2 6,67(0$'( (/,0,1$&,21'( (;&5(7$6(1(/ &$17ร‘1$/$f2 

325&(17$-('( 9,9,(1'$6&2181 $'(&8$'2 6,67(0$'( (/,0,1$&,21'( (;&5(7$6(1(/ &$1721



//(*$5$81$ (),&,(1&,$'( (1(/ 0$1(-2 35(6838(67$5, 2'(/ $/&$17$5,//$' 2'(/&$1721 52&$)8(57($/ 

(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$ 3$5$ $/&$17$5,//$'2 (1(/&$1721 52&$)8(57(



/2*5$548((/ '(/26 35(',26'(/ &$17ร‘1 &8(17(1&21(/ 6(59,&,2'( 5(&2/(&&,21 '(%$685$ +$67$(/

325&(17$-('( 35(',26&21 6(59,&,2'( 5(&2/(&&,ร1'( %$685$(1(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57(



/2*5$548(/$ (),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5, $6($'(/ $/

(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$ 3$5$ 6$1($0,(172( +,*,(1( $0%,(17$/



$80(17$5$ /$ 683(5),&,('( &216758&&,21 5(*,675$'$(1 (/&$1721 +$67$(/

325&(17$-('( 683(5),&,('( &216758&&,21 5(*,675$'$



5($/,=$5 &$3$&,7$&,21(6 $18$/0(17((1 7(0$6 5(/$&,21$'26 &21/$6 &203(7(1&,$6 081,&,3$/(6 +$67$(/

1ร’0(52'( &$3$&,7$&,21(6 (17(0$6 5(/$&,21$'26 &21/$6 &203(7(1&,$6 081,&,3$/(6

&20321(17('(029,/,'$'(1(5*,$<&21(&7,9,'$'

  Pรกgina323de395


 /2*5$548((/ '(9ร‹$6 85%$1$66( (1&8(175(1 $'(&8$'$6$/ 

325&(17$-('( 9ร‹$685%$1$6 $'(&8$'$6



$80(17$5$ /$(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5, $$18$/0(17( (1 0$17(1,0,(172 '(/$69,$6 85%$1$6+$67$ (/

(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$ (1 0$17(1,0,(172 '(9,$685%$1$6



$80(17$5$ /$&$3$&,'$' 9(+,&8/$5'( 75$163257( 38%/,&2325 +$%,7$17( +$67$(/

&$3$&,'$' 9(+,&8/$5'( 75$163257( 38%/,&2325 +$%,7$17(



,1&5(0(17$5$/ /$ (),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5, $3$5$ 75$16,72 7(55(675(< 6(*85,'$'9,$/ +$67$

(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$ 3$5$75$16,72 7(55(675(< 6(*85,'$'9,$/



',60,18,5$ /26 $&&,'(17(6'( 75$16,726 +$67$(/

5$=21'( $&&,'(17(6'( 75$16,72 5(3257$'26

 .0

,1&5(0(17$5 .0'(9,$6 18(9$6(1/$ =21$85%$1$ +$67$(/

.P'(9,$6 18(9$6(1/$ =21$85%$1$



2%-(7,92 0(-25$5/$ 5('8&&,21 &$/,'$''( '(%5(&+$6 9,'$'(/$ 32%/$&,21

3/$1,),&$5&216758,5< 0$17(1(5/$9,$/,'$' 85%$1$  0(-25$5/$  ,1)5$(6758&7 3/$1,),&$55(*8/$5< 85$9,$/< &21752/$5(/75$16,72< &2%(5785$ (/75$163257( '(/ 7(55(675('(1752'(68 75$163257( &,5&816&5,3&,21 38%/,&248( &$1721$/ 3(50,7$  6$7,6)$&(5 &5($5<&225',1$5/26 /$6 &216(-26'(6(*85,'$' 1(&(6,'$'(6 &,8'$'$1$&21/$ '(/$ 3$57,&,3$&,21'(/$ 32%/$&,21 32/,&,$1$&,21$//$ &2081,'$'<27526 25*$1,6026 5(/$&,21$'26



686&5,%,5 &219(1,26&21 (/*2%,(512 3529,1&,$/'( 0$1$%ร‹3$5$ &216758&&,ร1 < 0$17(1,0(,172 '(/6,67(0$ 9,$/'(/ &$1721+$67$ (/

1ร’0(52'( &219(1,26 686&5,726

  Pรกgina324de395


 &20321(17(32/,7,&2,167,78&,21$/<3$57,&,3$&,21&,8'$'$1$

2%-(7,92 0(-25$5/$ &$/,'$''( 9,'$'(/$ 32%/$&,21

352029(5(/ '(6$552//2 6867(17$%/(3$5$ *$5$17,=$5/$ 0(-25$5/$ 5($/,=$&,Ă&#x2018;1'(/%8(1 &$/,'$''( 9,9,5$75$9Ă&#x160;6'(/$ /266(59,&,26 ,03/(0(17$&,Ă&#x2018;1'( 38%/,&2648( 32/Ă&#x17D;7,&$63Ă&#x201D;%/,&$6(1(/ 2)5(&((/ 0$5&2'(686 *$' &203(7(1&,$6 &2167,78&,21$/(6< /(*$/(6

2%-(7,92 &2162/,'$5 (/(67$'2 '(02&5$7,& 5('8&&,21 2</$ '(%5(&+$6 &216758&&, 21'(/ 32'(5 3238/$5

,03/(0(17$5816,67(0$ '(3$57,&,3$&,Ă&#x2018;1 352029(5/$ &,8'$'$1$3$5$(/ 3$57,&,3$&,Ă?1 (-(5&,&,2'(/26 &,8'$'$1$(1 '(5(&+26</$*(67,Ă&#x2018;1 (/&$17Ă?1 '(02&5ÂŹ7,&$'(/$ $&&,Ă&#x2018;1081,&,3$/

5('8&&,21 '(%5(&+$6





,1&5(0(17$5$/ (/,1*5(62 '( )81&,21$5,26$ 75$9(6'( &21&8562'( 0(5,726< 2326,&,21$/ *$'081,&,3$/ +$67$(/

325&(17$-('( 6(59,'25(6 3Ă&#x2019;%/,&26 $'0,1,675$7,926 &21(/48( '(%(5,$&217$5 (/*$'3$5$ 0(-25$5/$ &$/,'$''(/ 6(59,&,2

,1&5(0(17($5 $//$6 ,167$1&,$6'( 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$(1 (/&$1721 +$67$(/

325&(17$-('( ,167$1&,$6'( 3$57,&,3$&,Ă?1 &,8'$'$1$ &21)250$'$< (1)81&,21(6

  4.6.

METASEINDICADORESNOOBLIGATORIOS

A continuaciĂłn se detallan los indicadores de los objetivos que corresponden a competencias de otras instituciones, pero que los dejamos como datos referenciales, ya quefuerondeterminadosenbasedelaproblemĂĄticaylosObjetivosEstratĂŠgicosdefinidos conlaciudadanĂ­a:   

  PĂĄgina325de395




PROBLEMA COMPETENCIA PRIORIZADO

LIMITADA DISPONIBILIDADDE AGUAAPTAPARAEL CONSUMO HUMANOYDE RIEGO

EXISTENCIADE INUNDACIONESEN INVIERNOYSEQUIA ENVERANO

INSTITUCION ACTIVIDADESA INDICADOR RESPONSABLE REALIZAR REFERENCIAL CONSTRUCCION, OPERACIร“NY HECTAREASDE MANTENIMIENTODE TIERRACON LOSSISTEMASDE SISTEMASDERIEGO RIEGOYDRENAJE

RIEGOYDRENAJE

RIEGOYDRENAJE

SENAGUA,GPM CONSTRUCCIONY MANTENIMIENTODE ALBARRADAS

NUMERODE ALBARRADAS CONSTRUIDASY CON MANTENIMIENTO

SENAGUA,GPM

DESASOLVEDERIOSY CANALES

METROSLINEALES DERIOS,CANALES DERIEGOY DRENAJE DESASOLVADOS

NUMERODE NORMATIVAS ELABORADAS

CONTAMINACIONDE LASFUENTES HIDRICAS

CUENCASY MICROCUENCAS

SENAGUA,GPM

ELABORAR,APROBAR YCONTROLAR NORMATIVAPARA REGULARLA CONTAMINACIONDE LASCUENCASY MICROCUENCAS

DEFORESTACION

GESTIONAMBIENTAL

GPM,MAE

RESTAURACION FORESTALENEL CANTON

HECTAREASDE TIERRA RESTAURADA

REPOTENCIARLOS CENTROSDELA SALUDEXISTENTES

NUMERODE CENTROSDESALUD REPOTENCIADOS

IMPLEMENTAR CLINICA AMBULATORIAPARA PREVENCIONDELA SALUD

NUMERODE CLINICAS AMBULATORIAS IMPLEMENTADAS

GESTIONAREL INCREMENTODE ESPECIALISTASEN HOSPITALES PUBLICOS.

NUMERODE ESPECIALISTAS INCREMENTADOS

CONSTRUCCIONDE UNCENTRO GERIATICOCON ATENCIONINTEGRAL

UNCENTRO GERIATRICO CONSTRUIDO

DEBILSERVICIODEL SISTEMADESALUD PUBLICA

SALUDPUBLICA

MINISTERIODESALUD PUBLICA

  Pรกgina326de395


 CONSTRUCCIONDE UNCENTRO UNCENTRO ESPECIALIZADOPARA ESPECIALIZADO LAATENCIONDE PARAPERSONAS PERSONASCON CONDISCAPACIDAD DISCAPACIDAD CONSTRUIDO MENTAL PRESENCIADE ENFERMEDADES DIARREICASY PARASITOSISENLA POBLACION

NUMERODE IMPLEMENTAR CAMPAÑASDE CAMPAÑASDE PREVENCIONPARA PREVENCIONPARALA LASALUD SALUD IMPLEMENTADA

FALENCIASENEL SISTEMAEDUCATIVO EDUCACIONPUBLICA INTEGRAL

AUMENTO DELINCUENCIALEN ELCANTON ROCAFUERTE.

CREDITOS LIMITADOSYNO OPORTUNOSPARA PRODUCCION

SEGURIDAD

DESARROLLO PRODUCTIVO

MINISTERIODE EDUCACION

POLICIA NACIONAL,AUTORIDA DESCOMPETENTES

BANCONACIONALDE FOMENTO

CREACIONY FORTALECIMIENTODE UNIDADES EDUCATIVAS

NUMERODE UNIDADES EDUCATIVAS CREADASY FORTALECIDAS

CREACIONDELOS DEPARTAMENTOSDE CONCEJERIA ESTUDIANTILDECE

NUMERODE DEPARTAMENTOS DECONSEJERIA ESTUDIANTIL CREADOS

HACERLAS GESTIONES CORRESPONDIENTES PARATRAERLA ADMINISTRACIONDEL DISTRITOEDUCATIVO AROCAFUERTE

ADMINISTRACION DEDISTRITO EDUCATIVOCON SEDEEN ROCAFUERTE

INCREMENTAR CONTROLPOLICIALEN NUMERODE LASVIASYCENTROS INCREMENTO POBLADOSURBANOS POLICIALENLOS YRURALESDEL CENTROSPOBLADOS CANTON ABRIRLINEASDE CREDITOPARA PEQUEÑOS AGRICULTORESA TRAVESDE ORGANISMOS PUBLICOSO PRIVADOS.

NUMERODELINEAS DECREDITO ABIERTAPARA PEQUEÑOS AGRICULTORES

FORTALECERLA OFICINADELBANCO DEFOMENTOENEL CANTON

OFICINADELBNF FORTALECIDA

  Página327de395


 REGULARLAGESTION GESTIONCREDITICIA CREDITICIA PRODUCTIVA PRODUCTIVA REGULADA SISTEMAVIALEN MALESTADOYCON CALZADA REDUCIDA(NO FUNCIONALES)ENLA ZONARURAL VIALIDADRURAL

GPM

CARENCIAYDAÑOS ENVIADUCTOSDE VARIASVIAS RURALES

SERVICIOELECTRICO

NUMERODE CONTRUCCIONES, AMPLIACIONESO MANTENIMIENTOS REALIZADOS

CONSTRUCCIONY MANTENIMIENTO PERMANENTEDE VIADUCTOS.

NUMERODE VIADUCTOS CONSTRUIDOSO CON MANTENIMIENTO

ESTUDIOSPARA CONSTRUCCIÓNDE VIADUCTOS

NUMERODE ESTUDIOS REALIZADOS

AMPLIARLAREDDE ENERGÍAELÉCTRICA HACIALASZONAS DESATENDIDAS.

NUMERODEREDES ELECTRICAS AMPLIADAS

POTENCIACIÓNDELA CARGAELECTRICA

CARGAELECTRICA POTENCIADA

MANTENIMIENTO CONTINUODEL SERVICIODEREDES ELECTRICAS

NUMERODE MANTENIMIENTO REALIZADOS

AMPLICIONDEL SISTEMAELECTRICO ENVÍASYCENTROS POBLADOS

SISTEMAELECTRICO AMPLIADOENVIAS YCENTROS POBLADOS

CNEL

DEBILSERVICIOS ELECTRICOSYDE TELECOMUNICACION

SERVICIODE TELECOMUNICACION ES

CONSTRUCCION, AMPLIACIONY MANTENIMIENTO PERMANENTEDELOS SISTEMASVIALES RURALES.

MINTEL,CNT

AMPLIACIÓNDE SISTEMASDE REDESDE TELECOMUNICACIO TELECOMUNICACIÓN NEINTERNET EINTERNETENEL AMPLIADO CANTÓN.

  Página328de395


 INSTALARREDES PรšBLICASDE INTERNETEN CENTROS EDUCATIVOS.

NUMERODEREDES Pร™BLICASDE INTERNET INSTALADASEN CENTROS EDUCATIVOS

NUMERODE INSTALAR INFOCENTROS INFOCENTROSENLAS INSTALADOSENLAS COMUNIDADES. COMUNIDADES

  '(7(50,1$&,21 7(55,725,$/ &27 

'(

/$6

&$7(*25,$6

'(

25'(1$0,(172

7RPDQGR FRPR EDVH HO PDSD GH =RQLILFDFLyQ VH KDQ GHILQLGRV GLIHUHQWHV &DWHJRUtDVGH2UGHQDPLHQWR7HUULWRULDOHQHOFDQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHODVFXDOHVVHODVKD UHDOL]DGR PHGLDQWH OD FRQVLGHUDFLyQ GH OD YRFDFLyQ GHO WHUULWRULR REWHQLGR GHO DQiOLVLV UHVSHFWR D ODV YDULDEOHV HVWUDWpJLFDV HVWDEOHFLGDV GH FDGD XQD GH ODV XQLGDGHV JHRJUiILFDV GHWHUPLQDGDV \ ODV FRQGLFLRQHV ItVLFDV VLPLODUHV X KRPRJpQHDV TXH SUHVHQWDQ FDGD XQD GH HOODV \ TXHVH GHWDOODQ HQ OD VLJXLHQWH WDEOD   7$%/$1ยž&$7(*25,$6'(25'(1$0,(1727(55,725,$/ &$7(*25,$ *(1(5$/

&$7(*25,$ (63(&,),&$

1250$7,9$ *(1(5$/

&27

=21$85%$1$

&$%(&(5$ &$1721$/

1$&,21$/( ,17(51$&,21$/

=21$85%$1$

=21$ $*52785,67,&$

=21$585$/ $*52785,67,&$

1$&,21$/( ,17(51$&,21$/

=21$$*52785,67,&$ 3$5$&216802 1$&,21$/( ,17(51$&,21$/

=21$ $*23(&8$5,$

=21$585$/ $*23(&8$5,$

3$5$/$6(*85,'$' $/,0(17$5,$

=21$$*523(&8$5,$ 3$5$/$6(*85,'$' $/,0(17$5,$

3$5$8625$&,21$/ '(5(&85626 1$785$/(6

=21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 6867(17$%/(3$5$ 8625$&,21$/'( 5(&856261$785$/(6

=21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21

=21$585$/ 6867(17$%/(

  Pรกgina329de395


 =21$'( &216(59$&,21

=21$585$/'( &216(59$&,21 '(/0(',2 $0%,(17(

3$5$35(6(59$&,21 $0%,(17$/

=21$'( &216(59$&,213$5$ 35(6(59$&,21 $0%,(17$/

=21$'( +80('$/(6

=21$585$/'( &216(59$&,21 '(/0(',2 $0%,(17(

3$5$ &216(59$&,21'( /$%,26)(5$

=21$'(+80('$/(6



0$3$1ž&$7(*25,$6'(25'(1$0,(1727(55,725,$/&27

 6.

DEFINICIONDEPOLITICASLOCALES

Las políticas son enunciados que expresan las líneas generales de acción que implementaraelgobiernoautónomodescentralizadoparaellogrodelosobjetivos;y enconsecuencia,paraelcumplimientodelasmetasderesultado;lasmismasquese detallanenelsiguientecuadro:    Página330de395




32/,7,&$638%/,&$6$,03/(0(17$56((1/$&27=21$85%$1$

35,25,'$' 2%-(7,926 1$&,21$/ (675$7(*,&26

,1',&$'25 0(7$

352%/(0$ 327(1&,$/,' $'

&203(7(1& ,$ )$&8/7$' '(/*$'

32/,7,&$38%/,&$ 7(55,725,$/,=$'$

&21752/$5(/862< 2&83$&,21'(/ 68(/2 *$5$17,=$1'2(/ $&&(62(48,7$7,92$ 68862<3523,('$'

(55$',&$&, 21'(/$ 32%5(=$

$&78$/,=$5 &5($5< $352%$5 25'(1$1=$6'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ +$67$(/$f2  ,03/(0(17$5(/ '(6$552//2 25'(1$'2'(/ &$1721

,1$'(&8$'2 862'(/ 68(/2

,1&5(0(17$5 $//26 35(',26 &$7$675$'26 (1(/$5($ 85%$1$&21 (6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

5(*8/$5<  &21752/$5/$6 (-(5&(5(/ &216758&&,21(6(1 &21752/ /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 62%5((/ &$1721$/&21 862< (63(&,$/$7(1&,21$ 2&83$&,21 /$61250$6'( '(/68(/2 &21752/< (1(/ 35(9(1&,21'( &$1721 5,(6*26<  '(6$675(6 (/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5 5(*8/$5/26 /26 $6(17$0,(1726 &$7$67526 +80$126 ,102%,/,$5,2 ,55(*8/$5(6 685%$126< 585$/(6 (/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5/26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,26 85%$126'(/&$1721

  Pรกgina331de395




6867(17$%, /,'$' $0%,(17$/

(55$',&$&, 21'(/$ 32%5(=$

5(*8/$5 35(9(1,5< &21752/$5 /$ &217$0,1$&, 21 $0%,(17$/ (1(/ 7(55,725,2 &$1721$/ '(7(5,252'( '(0$1(5$ &803/,5 5(*8/$535(9(1,5< /$&$/,'$' $57,&8/$'$ $18$/0(17( &21752/$5/$ *$5$17,=$5/26 $0%,(17$/ &21/$6 &21(/'( &217$0,1$&,21 '(5(&+26'(/$ '(/&$1721 32/,7,&$6 /$ $0%,(17$/(1(/ 1$785$/(=$ /,0,7$'$ $0%,(17$/(6 3/$1,),&$&,21 7(55,725,2 352029,(1'2 ',6321,%,/,'$ 1$&,21$/(6 35(6838(67$5, &$1721$/'(0$1(5$ 81$0%,(17( ''($*8$ 35(6(59$5 $(17(0$6'( $57,&8/$'$&21 6$12< $37$3$5$ 0$17(1(5< *(67,21 ,167$1&,$6 6867(17$%/( &216802 ',)81',5(/ $0%,(17$/ 1$&,21$/(6'( +80$12< 3$75,021,2 +$67$(/ &21752/ 5,(*2 $548,7(&72 1,&2 &8/785$/< 1$785$/'(/ &$1721< &216758,5 /26 (63$&,26 38%/,&26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6 3/$1,),&$5 &216758,5< 0$17(1(5 )257$/(&(5/26 /$ 6(59,&,26'( ,1)5$(6758 6$/8' &785$),6,&$ ('8&$&,ร15(& </26 5($&,ร1< (48,3$0,(17 6(*85,'$' 26'(6$/8' 352029(5 &,8'$'$1$$ 180(52'( )$/7$'( < $&7,9,'$'(6 72'$/$ 3$548(6 (63$&,26 ('8&$&,21 '(3257,9$6 32%/$&,21&21 5(*(1(5$'26 5(&5($7,926 $6,&202 5(&5($7,9$6<'( (63(&,$/ <2 3$5$/$ /26 2&(23$5$/26 $7(1&,21$/26 5(327(1&,$'2 &,8'$'$1,$ (63$&,26 *58326'($7(1&,21 *58326 6(1(/&$1721 38%/,&26 35,25,7$5,$ 35,25,7$5,26 '(67,1$'26 35208/*$1'2 $/ /$ '(6$552//2 &255(63216$%, 62&,$/ /,'$'</$e7,&$ &8/785$/< '(/&,8'$'$12 '(3257,92 '($&8(5'2 &21/$/(<

  Pรกgina332de395


 ,03/(0(17$ 5/26 6,67(0$6'( 3527(&&,21 ,17(*5$/ '(/&$1721 48( $6(*85(1 (/ (-(5&,&,2 *$5$17,$< (;,*,%,/,'$' '(/26 '(5(&+26 &216$*5$' 26(1/$ 180(52'( &2167,78&,2 *$5$17,=$5/$ 32/,7,&$6 '(%,/ 1</26 ,*8$/'$''($&&(62 $680,'$6(1 $7(1&,ร‘1$ ,167580(17 (13/(1$ %(1(),&,2'( /26*58326 26 3$57,&,3$&,21'(/26 /26*58326 35,25,7$5,26 ,17(51$&,21 *583ร6'($7(1&,21 35,25,7$5,26 $/(6/2 35,25,7$5,$ &8$/ ,1&/8,5ยฌ/$ &21)250$&, 21'(/26 &216(-26 &$1721$/(6 -817$6 &$1721$/(6 <5('(6'( 3527(&&,21 '( '(5(&+26 '(/26 *58326'( $7(1&,21 35,25,7$5,$ &5($5< &225',1$5 /26 &216(-26 '( 6(*85,'$' &,8'$'$1$ 081,&,3$/ &21/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘ 1'(/$ )257$/(&(5(/ 32/,&,$ &216(-2&$1721$/ '(%,/ 325&(17$-( 1$&,21$//$ '(6(*85,'$' &2%(5785$ '(/,1&8(1&,$/ &2081,'$' &,8'$'$1$ '(6(*85,'$' (1(/&$17ร‘1 <27526 ,192/8&5$1'2/$ &,8'$'$1$ 25*$1,6026 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘1'( 5(/$&,21$' 7226/26$&725(6 26&21/$ 0$7(5,$'( 6(*85,'$' /26&8$/(6 )2508/$5$1 < (-(&87$5$1 32/,7,&$6 /2&$/(6 3/$1(6<

  Pรกgina333de395


 (9$/8$&,ร‘1 '( 5(68/7$'26 62%5( 35(9(1&,ร‘1 3527(&&,ร‘1 6(*85,'$'< &219,9,(1&, $ &,8'$'$1$

6867(17$%, /,'$' $0%,(17$/

25,(17$5$/$ &,8'$'$1,$$/ (032'(5$0,(17 2'(686 75$',&,21(6< &26780%5(6 $1&(675$/(6 &20281 (1)248('( 327(1&,$ &8/785$/< 785,67,&$

180(52'( )(67,9$/(6 &8/785$/(6 5($/,=$'26(1 (/&$1721

3(5','$'( (17,'$' &8/785$/

352029(5(/ 5(63(72< &212&,0,(172$/$6 &8/785$6( ,'(17,'$'(6 ',9(56$63$5$ ',60,18,5 (67(5(27,326 1(*$7,92662%5(/$6 1$&,21$/,'$'(6< 38(%/26

25,(17$5$ /$ &,8'$'$1,$ $/ (032'(5$0, (172'(686 75$',&,21(6 < &26780%5(6 352029(5< $1&(675$/( 3$752&,1$5/$6 6&20281 (1)248('( &8/785$6/$6$57(6 $&7,9,'$'(6 327(1&,$ '(3257,9$6< &8/785$/< 5(&5($7,9$6(1 785,67,&$ %(1(),&,2'(/$ &2/(&7,9,'$''(/ &$17ร1

  Pรกgina334de395




*(5(1$&,2 1'( 3/(123 (03/(2< 75$%$-2 ',*12

0(-25$5/$6 &21',&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6< '(0(5&$'2

*(5(1$&,2 1'(3/(12 (03/(2< 75$%$-2 ',*12

)20(17$5 $&7,9,'$'(6 $62&,$7,9$6< 352'8&7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$6 3$5$/$ 6(*85,'$' $/,0(17$5,$ /2&$/

(55$',&$&, 21'(/$ 32%5(=$

*$5$17,=$5(/862< 0$17(1,0,(172'( ,1)5$(6758&785$6 352'8&7,9$6<'( &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร1 48(0(-25(1/$ &$/,'$''(9,'$'(/$ 32%/$&,ร1

352029(5 /26 352&(626 '(16,'$''( '( ,1)5$(6758&78 '(%,/&$1$/(6 '(6$552//2 5$'(67,1$'$$ '( (&21C0,&2 /$ &20(5&,$/,=$ /2&$/(168 &20(5&,$/,=$&, &,ร‘1 -85,6',&&,ร‘ 21 1321,(1'2 81$ $7(1&,ร‘1 (63(&,$/(1 (/(&725'( /$(&2120รŽ$ 62&,$/< 35(67$56(59,&,26 62/,'$5,$ 48(6$7,6)$*$1 3$5$/2 1(&(6,'$'(6 &8$/ &2/(&7,9$6 &225',1$5ยฌ 5(/$7,9$6$/0$1(-2 &21/26 <(;3(1',2'( 27526 9ร‹9(5(66(59,&,26 1,9(/(6'( '()$(1$0,(172 *2%,(512 3/$=$6'( 0(5&$'26

1ร’0(52'( $62&,$&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6 /(*$/,=$'$6

'(%,/&$1/(6 '( &20(5&,$/,=$ &,ร‘1

352029(5(/ '(6$552//2'(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6 352'8&7,9$6 )20(17$1'2/$ &5($&,ร1< )81&,21$0,(172'( 25*$1,=$&,21(6 $62&,$7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$6

35(67$5/26 35(67$56(59,&,26 659,&,26 3ร’%/,&26'($*8$ 38%/,&26'( 327$%/( 0(-25$5/$ $*8$ $/&$17$5,//$'2 325&(17$-('( &$/,'$''( 327$%/( '(385$&,21'( 35(',26&21 '(%,/ +$%,7$''(/26 $/&$17$5,// $*8$65(6,'8$/(6 0(','25'( 6(59,&,2'( $6(17$0,(1726 $'2 0$1(-2'('(6(&+26 $*8$(1/$ $*8$327$%/( +80$126'(/ '(385$&,21 62/,'26$&7,9,'$' =21$85%$1$ &$17ร1 '($*8$6 '(6$1($0,(172 5(6,'8$/(6 $0%,(17$/$/26 0$1(-2'( $6(17$0,(1726 '(6(&+26 +80$126'(/$

  Pรกgina335de395




92/80(1'( $*8$325 +$%,7$17((1 (/&$1721 52&$)8(57(

62/,'26 $&7,9,'$'(6 '( 6$1($0,(17 2$0%,(17$/

&,56&81&5,3&,21 &$1721$/

(),&,(1&,$ '(%,/ 35(6838(67$5, &2%(5785$ $3$5$ '(6(59,&,2 $/&$17$5,//$' '( 2(1(/&$1721 6$1($0,(172 52&$)8(57( %$6,&2

325&(17$-('( 35(',26&21 '(%,/ 6(59,&,2'( 6(59,&,2'( 5(&2/(&&,ร1 5(&2/(&&,ร‘1 '(%$685$(1 '('(6(&+26 (/&$1721 62/,'26 52&$)8(57(

5(*8/$5< &21752/$5/$6 12(;,67( (/$%25$5< &216758&&,21(6(1 5(*8/$5,=$&, $'0,1,675$5 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 325&(17$-('( ร‘1'( /26 &$1721$/&21 683(5),&,('( $6(17$0,(17 &$7$67526 (63(&,$/$7(1&,21$ &216758&&,21 26+80$126 ,102%,/,$5,2 /$61250$6'( 5(*,675$'$ 25*$1,=$&,ร1 685%$126< &21752/< &2081,7$5,$ 585$/(6 35(9(1&,21'( ',63(56$ 5,(6*26< '(6$675(6 ,1(;,67(1&,$ 3/$1,),&$5 &$3$&,'$' '( 0(-25$5/$ 5(*8/$5< 9(+,&8/$5'( &223(5$7,9$ ,1)5$(6758&78 &21752/$5 75$163257( 6'( 5$9,$/< (/75$16,72 *(1(5$58102'(/2 38%/,&2325 75$63257( &2%(5785$'(/ <(/ '(75$163257( +$%,7$17( ,175$ ERRADICACION 75$163257( 75$163257( 3ร’%/,&2(),&,(17( &$1721$/ 3ร’%/,&248( 7(55(675( 3$5$/$029,/,'$' DELAPOBREZA 3(50,7$ '(1752'( 25'(1$'$'(/$6 6$7,6)$&(5/$6 68 3(5621$6 081,&,3,2&21 5$=21'( 1(&(6,'$'(6'( &,5&816&5,3 &203(7(1&,$ /$32%/$&,21 $&&,'(17(6'( &,ร‘1 '(75$16,72 75$16,72 &$1721$/ $680,'$(1 5(3257$'26 &$7(*25,$&

  Pรกgina336de395


 325&(17$-('( 9ร‹$685%$1$6 $'(&8$'$6

.P'(9,$6 18(9$6(1/$ =21$85%$1$

6,67(0$9,$/ 85%$12(1 3/$1,),&$5 0$/(67$'2( &216758,5< ,1&203/(72 0$17(1(5 &219(1,2&21 /$9,$/,'$' (/*2%,(512 85%$1$ 3529,1&,$/'( 0$1$%,

*$5$17,=$5/$ ,17(5&21(&7,9,'$'< /$'27$&,21'( ,1)5$(6758&7,85$ (),&,(1&,$ $'(&8$'$'( 35(6838(67$5, (6&$6$ &$/,'$'( 3/$1,),&$5 $3$5$ 6(f$/(7,&$ ,1&/8<(17(3$5$(/ 5(*8/$5< 75$16,72 (1/$=21$ 862<*(67,21'(/ &21752/$5 7(55(675(< 85%$1$ 75$163257(3ร’%/,&2 (/75$16,72 6(*85,'$'9,$/ <0$6,92 <(/ 75$163257( 7(55(675( *$'&8(17$ '(1752'( (),&,(1&,$ &21(48,32 68 35(6838(67$5, &$0,1(52 &,5&816&5,3 $(1 3$5$ &,ร‘1 0$17(1,0,(172 0$17(1,0,(17 &$1721$/ 9,$/ 29,$

ERRADICACION DELAPOBREZA

GERENACION DEPLENOP EMPLEOY TRABAJO DIGNO

352029(5 (/ '(%,/&$/,'$' '(6$552//2 35(67$56(59,&,26 '($7(1&,ร‘1 6867(17$%/ &21&$/,'$'< '(/26 (),&,(1&,$$ (3$5$ 6(59,'25(6 *$5$17,=$5 868$5,26,17(5126< 081,&,3$/(6 (;7(5126 /$ 325&(17$-('( 5($/,=$&,ร‘1 6(59,'25(6 '(/%8(1 3ร’%/,&26 0(-25$5/$ 9,9,5$ $'0,1,675$7,92 &$/,'$''(/26 75$9รŠ6'( 6&21(/48( 6(59,&,26 /$ '(%(5,$ 3ร’%/,&2648( ,03/(0(17$ ,03/(0(17$5 &217$5(/*$' 2)5(&((/*$' &,ร‘1'( '(%,/ 6,67(0$6(),&,(17(6 3$5$0(-25$5 32/รŽ7,&$6 '(&21752/'( /$&$/,'$''(/ )257$/(&,0,( 3ร”%/,&$6(1 $7(1&,21$/868$5,2 172'(/$ 6(59,&,2 ',5(&&,ร‘1'( (/0$5&2'( ',5,*,'26$/26 686 3/$1,),&$&,ร‘1 6(59,'25(6 &203(7(1&, 081,&,3$/(6 $6 &2167,78&,2 1$/(6< /(*$/(6

352029(5/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$(1 (/&$1721

,03/(0(17$ 581 6,67(0$'( 325&(17$-('( 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘ ,167$1&,$6'( (6&$6$ 1&,8'$'$1$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘1 3$5$(/ &,8'$'$1$ &,8'$'$1$ (-(5&,&,2'( &21)250$'$< /26 (1)81&,21(6 '(5(&+26< /$*(67,ร‘1 '(02&5ยฌ7,&

,03/(0(17$5 6,67(0$'( 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$'$3$5$(/ (-(5&,&,2'(/26 '(5(&+26</$ *(67,21 '(02&5$7,&$'(/$ $&&,21081,&,3$/

  Pรกgina337de395


 $'(/$ $&&,Ã&#x2018;1 081,&,3$/

*$5$17,=$548(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6'(/*$' 081,&,3$/ (63(&,$/0(17(/$6 5(/$&,21$'$6&21 3/$1,),&$&,21 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ )2508/$&,21'( 35(683,8(672(175( /$635,1&,3$/(6 ,192/8&5(1/$ 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$(172'26 6861,9(/(6

  

POLITICASPUBLICASAIMPLEMENTARSEENLACOTͲZONAAGROPECUARIA 35,25,'$' 1$&,21$/

2%-(7,926 (675$7(*,&2 6

,1',&$'25 0(7$

352%/(0$ 327(1&,$/,' $'

&203(7(1 &,$ )$&8/7$'

32/,7,&$38%/,&$ 7(55,725,$/,=$'$

&21752/$5(/862< 2&83$&,21'(/ 68(/2 *$5$17,=$1'2(/ $&&(62(48,7$7,92$ 68862<3523,('$'

(55$',&$&,2 1'(/$ 32%5(=$

,03/(0(17$5 (/'(6$552//2 25'(1$'2'(/ &$1721

$&78$/,=$5 &5($5< $352%$5 25'(1$1=$6'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ +$67$(/$f2 

,1$'(&8$'2 862'(/ 68(/2

 (-(5&(5(/ &21752/ 62%5((/ 862< 2&83$&,21 5(*8/$5< '(/68(/2 &21752/$5/$6 (1(/ &216758&&,21(6(1 &$1721 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21  &$1721$/&21 (/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5 (63(&,$/$7(1&,21$ /$61250$6'( /26 &21752/< &$7$67526 35(9(1&,21'( ,102%,/,$5,2 5,(6*26< 685%$126< '(6$675(6 585$/(6 5(*8/$5/26 $6(17$0,(1726 +80$126 ,55(*8/$5(6

  Página338de395




,1&5(0(17$5$/ /2635(',26 &$7$675$'26(1 (/$5($585$/ &21(6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

6867(17$%,/ ,'$' $0%,(17$/

&803/,5 $18$/0(17( &21(/'(/$ 3/$1,),&$&,21 35(6838(67$5,$ ,1$'(&8$&2 862'(/ (17(0$6'( 68(/2 *(67,21 '(7(5,252'( $0%,(17$/+$67$ /$&$/,'$' (/ $0%,(17$/ '(/&$1721 (;,67(1&,$'( ,181'$&,21(6 *$5$17,=$5 (1,19,(512< /26'(5(&+26 6(48,$6(1 '(/$ 9(5$12 1$785$/(=$ /,0,7$'$ 352029,(1'2 ',6321,%,/,'$ 81$0%,(17( ''($*8$ 6$12< $37$3$5$ 6867(17$%/( &216802 +80$12< 5,(*2 5()25(67$5(/ '(/$6 &217$0,1$&,2 1'(/$6 +$6 )8(17(6 &216,'(5$'$6$ +,'5,&$6 5()25(67$5 '()25(67$&, +$67$(/ 21

(/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5/26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,26 585$/(6'(/&$1721

5(*8/$5 35(9(1,5< &21752/$5 /$ &217$0,1$&, 21 $0%,(17$/ (1(/ 7(55,725,2 &$1721$/ '(0$1(5$ $57,&8/$'$ 5(*8/$535(9(1,5< &21/$6 &21752/$5/$ 32/,7,&$6 &217$0,1$&,21 $0%,(17$/(6 $0%,(17$/(1(/ 1$&,21$/(6 7(55,725,2  &$1721$/'(0$1(5$  $57,&8/$'$&21 35(6(59$5 ,167$1&,$6 0$17(1(5< 1$&,21$/(6'( ',)81',5(/ &21752/ 3$75,021,2 $548,7(&72 1,&2 &8/785$/< 1$785$/'(/ &$1721< &216758,5 /26 (63$&,26 38%/,&26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6

  Pรกgina339de395




)257$/(&(5 /266(59,&,26 '(6$/8' ('8&$&,ร15(& 5($&,ร1< 6(*85,'$' &,8'$'$1$$ *(5(1$&,21 72'$/$ '(3/(123 32%/$&,21&21 (03/(2< (63(&,$/ 75$%$-2 $7(1&,21$/26 ',*12 *58326 35,25,7$5,26 35208/*$1'2 /$ &255(63216$% ,/,'$'</$ e7,&$'(/ &,8'$'$12

180(52'( 3$548(6 5(*(1(5$'26 <2 5(327(1&,$'26 (1(/&$1721

352029(5< 3$752&,1$5 /$6 &8/785$6 352029(5 /$6$57(6 (6&$6(6'( $&7,9,'$'(6 $&7,9,'$'(6 (63$&,26 '(3257,9$6 '(3257,9$6 5(&5($7,926 5(&5($7,9$6<'( < 3$5$/$ 2&(23$5$/26 5(&5($7,9$6 &,8'$'$1,$ *58326'($7(1&,21 (1%(1(),&,2 35,25,7$5,$ '(/$ &2/(&7,9,'$ ''(/ &$1721

325&(17$-('( 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'2$/$ ('8&$&,21< &8/785$

35(6(59$5 0$17(1(5< 352029(5(/ ',)81',5(/ 5(63(72< 3$75,021,,2 &212&,0,(172$/$6 $548,7(&72 &8/785$6( 1,&2 ,'(17,'$'(6 3(5','$'(/$ &8/785$/< ',9(56$6(1(/*$' ,'(17,'$' 1$785$/'(/ 081,&,3$/3$5$ &8/785$/ &$1721< ',60,18,5 &216758,5 (67(5(27,326 /26 1(*$7,92662%5(/$6 (63$&,26 1$&,21$/,'$'(6< 38%/,&26 38(%/26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6

  Pรกgina340de395


 ,03/(0(17$ 5/26 6,67(0$6'( 3527(&&,ร‘1 ,17(*5$/ '(/&$17ร‘1 48( $6(*85(1( /(-(5&,&,2 *$5$17,$< (;,*,%,/,'$' '(/26 '(5(&+26 &216$*5$' 26(1/$ &2167,78&,2 180(52'( *$5$17,=$5/$ '(%,/ 1<(1/2 32/,7,&$6 ,*8$/'$''($&&(62 ,192/8&5$0,( ,167580(17 $680,'$6(1 (13/(1$ 172'(/26 26 %(1(),&,2'(/26 3$57,&,3$&,21'(/26 $&725(6 ,17(51$&,21 *58326 *583ร6'($7(1&,21 62&,$/(6 $/(6/2 35,25,7$5,26 35,25,7$5,$ &8$/ ,1&/8,5$/$ &21)250$&, ร‘1'(/26 &216(-26 &$1721$/(6 -817$6 &$1721$/(6 <5('(6'( 3527(&&,ร‘1 '( '(5(&+26 '(/26 *58326'( $7(1&,ร‘1 35,25,7$5,$

6867(17$%,/ ,'$' $0%,(17$/

25,(17$5$/$ &,8'$'$1,$$/ (032'(5$0,(1 72'(686 75$',&,21(6< &26780%5(6 $1&(675$/(6 &20281 (1)248('( 327(1&,$ &8/785$/< 785,67,&$

325&(17$-('( 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'2$/$ ('8&$&,21< &8/785$

35(6(59$5 0$17(1(5< ',)81',5(/ 352029(5(/ 3$75,021,,2 5(63(72< $548,7(&72 &212&,0,(172$/$6 1,&2 &8/785$6( 3(5','$'(/$ &8/785$/< ,'(17,'$'(6 ,'(17,'$' 1$785$/'(/ ',9(56$63$5$ &8/785$/ &$1721< ',60,18,5 &216758,5 (67(5(27,326 /26 1(*$7,92662%5(/$6 (63$&,26 1$&,21$/,'$'(6< 38%/,&26 38(%/26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6

  Pรกgina341de395




180(52'( 3$548(6 5(*(1(5$'26 <2 5(327(1&,$'26 (1(/&$1721

352029(5< 3$752&,1$5 /$6 352029(5< &8/785$6 3$752&,1$5/$6 /$6$57(6 (6&$6(6'( &8/785$6/$6$57(6 $&7,9,'$'(6 (63$&,26 $&7,9,'$'(6 '(3257,9$6 5(&5($7,926 '(3257,9$6< < 3$5$/$ 5(&5($7,9$6(1 5(&5($7,9$6 &,8'$'$1,$ %(1(),&,2'(/$ (1%(1(),&,2 &2/(&7,9,'$''(/ '(/$ &$17ร1 &2/(&7,9,'$ ''(/ &$1721

%$-261,9(/(6 '( 325&(17$-('( 352'8&7,9,'$ 9ร‹$6585$/(6 ' 0$17(1,'$6<  0(-25$'$648(  3(50,7$1/$  *(5(1$&,21 6$/,'$'(/26 0(-25$5/$6 352'8&7,9,'$ '(3/(123 $/,0(1726$/26 &21',&,21(6 '$57(6$1$/ (03/(2< 0(5&$'26 352'8&7,9$6< *$6752120,& 75$%$-2  '(0(5&$'2 $< ',*12  $*523(&8$5, 325&(17$-('( $126( +(&7$5($648( 9,68$/,=$ &8(17$1&21 &202 6,67(0$6'( )257$/(=$'( 5,(*2 35202&,ร‘1 785,67,&$

)20(17$5 $&7,9,'$'(6 *(5(1$&,21 $62&,$7,9$6< '(3/(123 352'8&7,9$6< (03/(2< 352'8&7,9$6 75$%$-2 &2081,7$5,$6 ',*12 3$5$/$ 6(*85,'$' $/,0(17$5,$

1ร’0(52'( $62&,$&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6 /(*$/,=$'$6     (),&,(1&,$

7,(55$ 352'8&7,9$ 12&8(17$ &21 /(*$/,=$&,21    

352029(5 /26 *$5$17,=$5(/862< 352&(626 0$17(1,0,(172'( '( ,1)5$(6758&785$6 '(6$552//2 352'8&7,9$6<'( (&2120,&2 &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร1 /2&$/(168 48(0(-25(1/$ -85,6',&&,ร‘ &$/,'$''(9,'$'(/$ 1321,(1'2 32%/$&,ร1 81$ $7(1&,ร‘1 (63(&,$/(1 (/6(&725 '(/$ (&2120,&$ 62&,$/< 35(67$56(59,&,26 62/,'$5,$ 48(6$7,6)$*$1 3$5$/2 1(&(6,'$'(6 &8$/ &2/(&7,9$6 &225',1$5$ 5(/$7,9$6$/0$1(-2 &21/26 <(;3(1',2'( 27526 9ร‹9(5(66(59,&,26 1,9(/(6'( '()$(1$0,(172 *2%,(512 3/$=$6'( 0(5&$'26 352029(5 /26 352&(626 '( '(6$552//2 (&2120,&2 /2&$/(168 -85,6',&&,ร‘ 1321,(1'2

$3529(&+$5/$6 &$3$&,'$'(6 7(55,725,$/(6(1 $&7,9,'$'(6 $*523(&8$5,$6< 352'8&7,9$6 352&85$1'2/$ &216(59$&,21'(/ 0(',2$0%,(17(

  Pรกgina342de395


 /2&$/

0(-25$5/$ &$/,'$''( (55$',&$&,2 +$%,7$''(/26 1'(/$ $6(17$0,(1726 32%5(=$ +80$126'(/ &$17Ï1

35(6838(67$5,$ (1)20(172 352'8&7,92< &20(5&,$/,=$&,Ñ 1

 &5(',726 /,0,7$'26< 12 232578126

325&(17$-('( 683(5),&,('( &216758&&,21 5(*,675$'$

12(;,67( 5(*8/$5,=$&, Ñ1'(/26 $6(17$0,(17 26+80$126  25*$1,=$&,Ï1 &2081,7$5,$ ',63(56$

81$ $7(1&,Ñ1 (63(&,$/(1 (/6(&725 '(/$ (&2120,&$ 62&,$/< 62/,'$5,$ 3$5$/2 &8$/ &225',1$5$ &21/26 27526 1,9(/(6'( *2%,(512

352029(5(/ '(6$552//2'(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6 $*523(&8$5,$6< 352'8&7,9$6 )20(17$1'2/$ &5($&,Ï1< )81&,21$0,(172'( 25*$1,=$&,21(6 $62&,$7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$6

(/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5 /26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2 685%$126< 585$/(6

5(*8/$5/$ &216758&&,21'( 9,9,(1'$648( *$5$17,&(1/$ 6(*85,'$'< (67$%,/,'$''(/$ 32%/$&,21

  Página343de395




0(-25$5/$ ,1)5$(6758&78 5$9,$/< *(5(1$&,21 &2%(5785$'(/ '(3/(123 75$163257( (03/(2< 3ร’%/,&248( 75$%$-2 3(50,7$ ',*12 6$7,6)$&(5/$6 1(&(6,'$'(6 '(/$ 32%/$&,21

325&(17$-('( 35(',26&21 0(','25'( $*8$(1(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57(325 &(17$-('( 9,9,(1'$6&21 6(59,&,2'( $/&$17$5,//$'2 (1(/&$1721 52&$)8(57(325 &(17$-('( 35(',26&21 6(59,&,2'( 5(&2/(&&,ร1'( %$685$(1(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57(

35(67$5/26 659,&,26 '(%,/ 35(67$56(59,&,26 38%/,&26'( 6(59,&,2'( 3ร’%/,&26'($*8$ $*8$ $*8$ 327$%/( 327$%/( 327$%/( $/&$17$5,//$'2 $/&$17$5,// '(%,/ '(385$&,21'( $'2 &2%(5785$ $*8$65(6,'8$/(6 '(385$&,21 '(6(59,&,2 0$1(-2'('(6(&+26 '($*8$6 '( 62/,'26$&7,9,'$' 5(6,'8$/(6 6$1($0,(172 '(6$1($0,(172 0$1(-2'( %$6,&2'(%,/ $0%,(17$/$/26 '(6(&+26 6(59,&,2'( $6(17$0,(1726 62/,'26 5(&2/(&&,ร‘1 +80$126'(/$ $&7,9,'$'(6 '('(6(&+26 &,56&81&5,3&,21 '( 62/,'26 &$1721$/ 6$1($0,(17 2$0%,(17$/

325&(17$-('( 683(5),&,('( &216758&&,21 5(*,675$'$

5(*8/$5< &21752/$5/$6 (/$%25$5< &216758&&,21(6(1 12(;,67( $'0,1,675$5 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 5(*8/$5,=$&, /26 &$1721$/&21 ร‘1'(/26 &$7$67526 (63(&,$/$7(1&,21$ $6(17$0,(17 ,102%,/,$5,2 /$61250$6'( 26+80$126 685%$126< &21752/< 585$/(6 35(9(1&,21'( 5,(6*26< '(6$675(6

&$3$&,'$' 9(+,&8/$5'( 75$163257( 38%/,&2325 +$%,7$17(

3/$1,),&$5 5(*8/$5< &21752/$5 (/75$16,72 *(1(5$58102'(/2 081,&,3,2&21 <(/ '(75$163257( &203(7(1&,$ 75$163257( 3ร’%/,&2(),&,(17( '(75$16,72 7(55(675( 3$5$/$029,/,'$' $680,'$(1 '(1752'( 25'(1$'$'(/$6 &$7(*25,$& 68 3(5621$6 &,5&816&5,3 &,ร‘1 &$1721$/

  Pรกgina344de395




(),&,(1&,$ &219(1,2&21 35(6838(67$5,$ (/*2%,(512 (1 3529,1&,$/'( 0$17(1,0,(172 0$1$%, 9,$/

(55$',&$&,2 1'(/$ 32%5(=$

*(5(1$&,21 '(3/(123 (03/(2< 75$%$-2 ',*12

*$5$17,=$5/$ ,17(5&21(&7,9,'$'< /$'27$&,21'( ,1)5$(6758&7,85$ $'(&8$'$'( &$/,'$'( ,1&/8<(17(3$5$(/ 862<*(67,21'(/ 75$163257(3ร’%/,&2 <0$6,92

352029(5 (/ '(6$552//2 6867(17$%/ (3$5$ *$5$17,=$5 /$ 325&(17$-('( 5($/,=$&,ร‘1 6(59,'25(6 '(/%8(1 3ร’%/,&26 0(-25$5/$ '(%,/&$/,'$' 9,9,5$ 35(67$56(59,&,26 $'0,1,675$7,926 &$/,'$''(/26 '($7(1&,ร‘1 75$9รŠ6'( &21&$/,'$'< &21(/48( 6(59,&,26 '(/26 /$ (),&,(1&,$$ '(%(5,$&217$5 3ร’%/,&2648( 6(59,'25(6 ,03/(0(17$ 868$5,26,17(5126< (/*$'3$5$ 2)5(&((/*$' 081,&,3$/(6 &,ร‘1'( (;7(5126 0(-25$5/$ 32/รŽ7,&$6 &$/,'$''(/ 3ร”%/,&$6(1 6(59,&,2 (/0$5&2'( 686 &203(7(1&, $6 &2167,78&,2 1$/(6< /(*$/(6

352029(5/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$(1 (/&$1721

325&(17$-('( ,167$1&,$6'( 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$ &21)250$'$< (1)81&,21(6

,03/(0(17$ 581 6,67(0$'( (6&$6$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘ 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘1 1&,8'$'$1$ &,8'$'$1$< 3$5$(/ &21752/ (-(5&,&,2'( 62&,$/ /26 '(5(&+26< /$*(67,ร‘1

,03/(0(17$5 6,67(0$'( 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$'$3$5$(/ (-(5&,&,2'(/26 '(5(&+26</$ *(67,21 '(02&5$7,&$'(/$ $&&,21081,&,3$/

  Pรกgina345de395


 '(02&5ยฌ7,& $'(/$ $&&,ร‘1 081,&,3$/

*$5$17,=$548(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6'(/*$' 081,&,3$/ (63(&,$/0(17(/$6 5(/$&,21$'$6&21 3/$1,),&$&,21 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ )2508/$&,21'( 35(683,8(672(175( /$635,1&,3$/(6 ,192/8&5(1/$ 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$(172'26 6861,9(/(6

  32/,7,&$638%/,&$6$,03/(0(17$56((1/$&27=21$$*52785,67,&$ 35,25,'$' 1$&,21$/

(55$',&$&,2 1'(/$ 32%5(=$

2%-(7,926 (675$7(*,&2 6

,03/(0(17$5 (/'(6$552//2 25'(1$'2'(/ &$1721

,1',&$'25 0(7$

$&78$/,=$5 &5($5< $352%$5 25'(1$1=$6'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ +$67$(/$f2 

352%/(0$ 327(1&,$/,' $'

,1$'(&8$'2 862'(/ 68(/2

&203(7(1& ,$ )$&8/7$' '(/*$'

32/,7,&$38%/,&$ 7(55,725,$/,=$'$

&21752/$5(/862< 2&83$&,21'(/  68(/2 (-(5&(5(/ *$5$17,=$1'2(/ &21752/ $&&(62(48,7$7,92$ 62%5((/ 68862<3523,('$' 862< 5(*8/$5< 2&83$&,21 &21752/$5/$6 '(/68(/2 &216758&&,21(6(1 (1(/ /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 &$1721 &$1721$/&21  (63(&,$/$7(1&,21$ (/$%25$5< /$61250$6'( $'0,1,675$5 &21752/< /26 35(9(1&,21'( &$7$67526 5,(6*26< ,102%,/,$5,2 '(6$675(6 685%$126< 5(*8/$5/26 585$/(6 $6(17$0,(1726 +80$126 ,55(*8/$5(6

  Pรกgina346de395




,1&5(0(17$5$/ /2635(',26 &$7$675$'26(1 (/$5($585$/ &21(6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

6867(17$%,/ ,'$' $0%,(17$/

(55$',&$&,2 1'(/$ 32%5(=$

(/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5/26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,26 585$/(6'(/&$1721

&803/,5 ,1$'(&8$&2 $18$/0(17( 862'(/ &21(/'(/$ 68(/2 3/$1,),&$&,21 35(6838(67$5,$ '(7(5,252'( /$&$/,'$' (17(0$6'( $0%,(17$/ *(67,21 $0%,(17$/+$67$ '(/&$1721 (;,67(1&,$'( (/ ,181'$&,21(6 *$5$17,=$5 (1,19,(512< /26'(5(&+26 6(48,$6(1 '(/$ 9(5$12 1$785$/(=$ /,0,7$'$ 352029,(1'2 ',6321,%,/,'$ 81$0%,(17( ''($*8$ 6$12< $37$3$5$ 6867(17$%/( &216802 +80$12< 5,(*2 5()25(67$5(/ '(/$6 &217$0,1$&,2 1'(/$6 +$6 )8(17(6 &216,'(5$'$6$ +,'5,&$6 5()25(67$5 '()25(67$&, +$67$(/ 21

)257$/(&(5 /266(59,&,26 '(6$/8' ('8&$&,ร15(& 5($&,ร1< 6(*85,'$' &,8'$'$1$$ 72'$/$ 32%/$&,21&21 (63(&,$/ $7(1&,21$/26 *58326 35,25,7$5,26 35208/*$1'2

180(52'( 3$548(6 5(*(1(5$'26 <2 5(327(1&,$'26 (1(/&$1721

5(*8/$5 35(9(1,5< &21752/$5 /$ &217$0,1$&, 21 $0%,(17$/ (1(/ 7(55,725,2 &$1721$/ '(0$1(5$ $57,&8/$'$ &21/$6 32/,7,&$6 $0%,(17$/(6 1$&,21$/(6   35(6(59$5 0$17(1(5< ',)81',5(/ 3$75,021,2 $548,7(&72 1,&2 &8/785$/< 1$785$/'(/ &$1721< &216758,5 /26 (63$&,26 38%/,&26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6

5(*8/$5(/862'( 5,%(5$6</(&+26'( 5,26&21),1(6 5(&5($7,926<3$5$ $&7,9,'$'(6 (&21ร0,&$66,1 '(75,0(172'(/ $0%,(17(

5(*8/$535(9(1,5< &21752/$5/$ &217$0,1$&,21 $0%,(17$/(1(/ 7(55,725,2 &$1721$/'(0$1(5$ $57,&8/$'$&21 ,167$1&,$6 1$&,21$/(6'( &21752/

352029(5< 3$752&,1$5 /$6 &8/785$6 352029(5 /$6$57(6 (6&$6(6'( $&7,9,'$'(6 $&7,9,'$'(6 (63$&,26 '(3257,9$6 '(3257,9$6 5(&5($7,926 5(&5($7,9$6<'( < 3$5$/$ 2&(23$5$/26 5(&5($7,9$6 &,8'$'$1,$ *58326'($7(1&,21 (1%(1(),&,2 35,25,7$5,$ '(/$ &2/(&7,9,'$ ''(/ &$1721

  Pรกgina347de395


 /$ &255(63216$% ,/,'$'</$ e7,&$'(/ &,8'$'$12

35(6(59$5 0$17(1(5< ',)81',5(/ 3$75,021,,2 $548,7(&72 325&(17$-('( 1,&2 35(6838(672 3(5','$'(/$ &8/785$/< '(67,1$'2$/$ ,'(17,'$' 1$785$/'(/ ('8&$&,21< &8/785$/ &$1721< &8/785$ &216758,5 /26 (63$&,26 38%/,&26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6 ,03/(0(17$ 5/26 6,67(0$6'( 3527(&&,ร‘1 ,17(*5$/ '(/&$17ร‘1 48( $6(*85(1( /(-(5&,&,2 *$5$17,$< (;,*,%,/,'$' '(/26 '(5(&+26 &216$*5$' 26(1/$ &2167,78&,2 180(52'( '(%,/ 1<(1/2 32/,7,&$6 ,192/8&5$0,( ,167580(17 $680,'$6(1 172'(/26 26 %(1(),&,2'(/26 $&725(6 ,17(51$&,21 *58326 62&,$/(6 $/(6/2 35,25,7$5,26 &8$/ ,1&/8,5$/$ &21)250$&, ร‘1'(/26 &216(-26 &$1721$/(6 -817$6 &$1721$/(6 <5('(6'( 3527(&&,ร‘1 '( '(5(&+26 '(/26 *58326'( $7(1&,ร‘1 35,25,7$5,$

352029(5(/ 5(63(72< &212&,0,(172$/$6 &8/785$6( ,'(17,'$'(6 ',9(56$6(1(/*$' 081,&,3$/3$5$ ',60,18,5 (67(5(27,326 1(*$7,92662%5(/$6 1$&,21$/,'$'(6< 38(%/26

*$5$17,=$5/$ ,*8$/'$''($&&(62 (13/(1$ 3$57,&,3$&,21'(/26 *583ร6'($7(1&,21 35,25,7$5,$

  Pรกgina348de395




325&(17$-('( 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'2$/$ ('8&$&,21< &8/785$

6867(17$%,/ ,'$' $0%,(17$/

25,(17$5$/$ &,8'$'$1,$$/ (032'(5$0,(1 72'(686 75$',&,21(6< &26780%5(6 $1&(675$/(6 &20281 (1)248('( 327(1&,$ &8/785$/< 180(52'( 785,67,&$ 3$548(6 5(*(1(5$'26 <2 5(327(1&,$'26 (1(/&$1721

*(5(1$&,21 0(-25$5/$6 '(3/(123 &21',&,21(6 (03/(2< 352'8&7,9$6< 75$%$-2 '(0(5&$'2 ',*12

35(6(59$5 0$17(1(5< ',)81',5(/ 352029(5(/ 3$75,021,,2 5(63(72< $548,7(&72 &212&,0,(172$/$6 1,&2 &8/785$6( 3(5','$'(/$ &8/785$/< ,'(17,'$'(6 ,'(17,'$' 1$785$/'(/ ',9(56$63$5$ &8/785$/ &$1721< ',60,18,5 &216758,5 (67(5(27,326 /26 1(*$7,92662%5(/$6 (63$&,26 1$&,21$/,'$'(6< 38%/,&26 38(%/26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6 352029(5< 3$752&,1$5 /$6 352029(5< &8/785$6 3$752&,1$5/$6 /$6$57(6 (6&$6(6'( &8/785$6/$6$57(6 $&7,9,'$'(6 (63$&,26 $&7,9,'$'(6 '(3257,9$6 5(&5($7,926 '(3257,9$6< < 3$5$/$ 5(&5($7,9$6(1 5(&5($7,9$6 &,8'$'$1,$ %(1(),&,2'(/$ (1%(1(),&,2 &2/(&7,9,'$''(/ '(/$ &$17ร1 &2/(&7,9,'$ ''(/ &$1721

%$-261,9(/(6 '( 352'8&7,9,'$ ' 352'8&7,9,'$ 325&(17$-('( '$57(6$1$/ &$3$&,7$&,21(6 *$6752120,& <$6,67(1&,$ $< 7(&1,&$ $*523(&8$5, 352'8&7,9$ $126( ,03$57,'$ 9,68$/,=$ &202 )257$/(=$'( 35202&,ร‘1 785,67,&$

352029(5 /26 352&(626 *$5$17,=$5(/862< '( 0$17(1,0,(172'( '(6$552//2 ,1)5$(6758&785$6 (&2120,&2 352'8&7,9$6<'( /2&$/(168 &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร1 -85,6',&&,ร‘ 48(0(-25(1/$ 1321,(1'2 &$/,'$''(9,'$'(/$ 81$ 32%/$&,ร1 $7(1&,ร‘1 (63(&,$/(1 (/6(&725 '(/$ (&2120,&$ 62&,$/< 35(67$56(59,&,26 62/,'$5,$ 48(6$7,6)$*$1 3$5$/2 1(&(6,'$'(6 &8$/ &2/(&7,9$6 &225',1$5$ 5(/$7,9$6$/0$1(-2 &21/26 <(;3(1',2'( 27526 9ร‹9(5(66(59,&,26 1,9(/(6'( '()$(1$0,(172 *2%,(512 3/$=$6'( 0(5&$'26

  Pรกgina349de395




1ร’0(52'( 7,(55$ $62&,$&,21(6 352'8&7,9$ )20(17$5 352'8&7,9$6 12&8(17$ $&7,9,'$'(6 /(*$/,=$'$6 &21 $62&,$7,9$6<  /(*$/,=$&,21 *(5(1$&,21 352'8&7,9$6<   '(3/(123 352'8&7,9$6   (03/(2< &2081,7$5,$6   75$%$-2 3$5$/$ (),&,(1&,$  ',*12 6(*85,'$' 35(6838(67$5,$  $/,0(17$5,$ (1)20(172 &5(',726 /2&$/ 352'8&7,92< /,0,7$'26< &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร‘ 12 1 232578126

0(-25$5/$ &$/,'$''( (55$',&$&,2 +$%,7$''(/26 1'(/$ $6(17$0,(1726 32%5(=$ +80$126'(/ &$17ร1

325&(17$-('( 683(5),&,('( &216758&&,21 5(*,675$'$

12(;,67( 5(*8/$5,=$&, ร‘1'(/26 $6(17$0,(17 26+80$126  25*$1,=$&,ร1 &2081,7$5,$ ',63(56$

352029(5 /26 352&(626 '( '(6$552//2 (&2120,&2 /2&$/(168 -85,6',&&,ร‘ 1321,(1'2 81$ $7(1&,ร‘1 (63(&,$/(1 (/6(&725 '(/$ (&2120,&$ 62&,$/< 62/,'$5,$ 3$5$/2 &8$/ &225',1$5$ &21/26 27526 1,9(/(6'( *2%,(512

(/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5 /26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2 685%$126< 585$/(6

$3529(&+$5/$6 &$3$&,'$'(6 7(55,725,$/(6(1 $&7,9,'$'(6 352'8&7,9$6 352&85$1'2/$ &216(59$&,21'(/ 0(',2$0%,(17(

352029(5(/ '(6$552//2'(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6 352'8&7,9$6< $*52785,67,&$6 )20(17$1'2/$ &5($&,ร1< )81&,21$0,(172'( 25*$1,=$&,21(6 $62&,$7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$6

5(*8/$5/$ &216758&&,21'( 9,9,(1'$648( *$5$17,&(1/$ 6(*85,'$'< (67$%,/,'$''(/$ 32%/$&,21

  Pรกgina350de395




325&(17$-('( 35(',26&21 0(','25'( $*8$(1(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57(325 &(17$-('( 9,9,(1'$6&21 6(59,&,2'( $/&$17$5,//$'2 (1(/&$1721 52&$)8(57(325 &(17$-('( 35(',26&21 6(59,&,2'( 5(&2/(&&,ร1'( %$685$(1(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57(

325&(17$-('( 683(5),&,('( &216758&&,21 5(*,675$'$

0(-25$5/$ ,1)5$(6758&78 5$9,$/< &2%(5785$'(/ (55$',&$&,2 75$163257( 1'(/$ 3ร’%/,&248( 32%5(=$ 3(50,7$ 6$7,6)$&(5/$6 1(&(6,'$'(6 '(/$ 32%/$&,21

&$3$&,'$' 9(+,&8/$5'( 75$163257( 38%/,&2325 +$%,7$17(

5$=21'( $&&,'(17(6'( 75$16,72 5(3257$'26

35(67$5/26 659,&,26 '(%,/ 35(67$56(59,&,26 38%/,&26'( 6(59,&,2'( 3ร’%/,&26'($*8$ $*8$ $*8$ 327$%/( 327$%/( 327$%/( $/&$17$5,//$'2 $/&$17$5,// '(%,/ '(385$&,21'( $'2 &2%(5785$ $*8$65(6,'8$/(6 '(385$&,21 '(6(59,&,2 0$1(-2'('(6(&+26 '($*8$6 '( 62/,'26$&7,9,'$' 5(6,'8$/(6 6$1($0,(172 '(6$1($0,(172 0$1(-2'( %$6,&2'(%,/ $0%,(17$/$/26 '(6(&+26 6(59,&,2'( $6(17$0,(1726 62/,'26 5(&2/(&&,ร‘1 +80$126'(/$ $&7,9,'$'(6 '('(6(&+26 &,56&81&5,3&,21 '( 62/,'26 &$1721$/ 6$1($0,(17 2$0%,(17$/

5(*8/$5< &21752/$5/$6 (/$%25$5< &216758&&,21(6(1 12(;,67( $'0,1,675$5 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 5(*8/$5,=$&, /26 &$1721$/&21 ร‘1'(/26 &$7$67526 (63(&,$/$7(1&,21$ $6(17$0,(17 ,102%,/,$5,2 /$61250$6'( 26+80$126 685%$126< &21752/< 585$/(6 35(9(1&,21'( 5,(6*26< '(6$675(6 ,1(;,67(1&,$ '( 3/$1,),&$5 &223(5$7,9$ 5(*8/$5< 6'( &21752/$5 75$63257( (/75$16,72 *(1(5$58102'(/2 ,175$ <(/ '(75$163257( &$1721$/ 75$163257( 3ร’%/,&2(),&,(17( 7(55(675( 3$5$/$029,/,'$' 25'(1$'$'(/$6 081,&,3,2&21 '(1752'( 68 3(5621$6 &203(7(1&,$ '(75$16,72 &,5&816&5,3 &,ร‘1 $680,'$(1 &$1721$/ &$7(*25,$&

  Pรกgina351de395




(),&,(1&,$ &219(1,2&21 35(6838(67$5,$ (/*2%,(512 3$5$75$16,72 3529,1&,$/'( 7(55(675(< 0$1$%, 6(*85,'$'9,$/

*$5$17,=$5/$ ,17(5&21(&7,9,'$'< /$'27$&,21'( ,1)5$(6758&7,85$ $'(&8$'$'( &$/,'$'( ,1&/8<(17(3$5$(/ 862<*(67,21'(/ 75$163257(3ร’%/,&2 <0$6,92

352029(5 (/ '(6$552//2 6867(17$%/ (3$5$ *$5$17,=$5 /$ 325&(17$-('( 5($/,=$&,ร‘1 6(59,'25(6 '(/%8(1 3ร’%/,&26 0(-25$5/$ '(%,/&$/,'$' 9,9,5$ 35(67$56(59,&,26 $'0,1,675$7,926 (55$',&$&,2 &$/,'$''(/26 '($7(1&,ร‘1 75$9รŠ6'( &21&$/,'$'< &21(/48( 1'(/$ 6(59,&,26 '(/26 /$ (),&,(1&,$$ '(%(5,$&217$5 32%5(=$ 3ร’%/,&2648( 6(59,'25(6 ,03/(0(17$ 868$5,26,17(5126< (/*$'3$5$ 2)5(&((/*$' 081,&,3$/(6 &,ร‘1'( (;7(5126 0(-25$5/$ 32/รŽ7,&$6 &$/,'$''(/ 3ร”%/,&$6(1 6(59,&,2 (/0$5&2'( 686 &203(7(1&, $6 &2167,78&,2 1$/(6< /(*$/(6 ,03/(0(17$5 6,67(0$'( 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$'$3$5$(/ (-(5&,&,2'(/26 ,03/(0(17$ '(5(&+26</$ 581 *(67,21 6,67(0$'( '(02&5$7,&$'(/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘ $&&,21081,&,3$/ 325&(17$-('( 1&,8'$'$1$ *$5$17,=$548(/$6 *(5(1$&,21 (6&$6$ 352029(5/$ ,167$1&,$6'( 3$5$(/ $&7,9,'$'(6'(/*$' '(3/(123 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘1 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 (-(5&,&,2'( 081,&,3$/ (03/(2< &,8'$'$1$< &,8'$'$1$(1 &,8'$'$1$ /26 (63(&,$/0(17(/$6 75$%$-2 &21752/ (/&$1721 &21)250$'$< '(5(&+26< 5(/$&,21$'$6&21 ',*12 62&,$/ (1)81&,21(6 /$*(67,ร‘1 3/$1,),&$&,21 '(02&5ยฌ7,& 25'(1$0,(172 $'(/$ 7(55,725,$/ $&&,ร‘1 )2508/$&,21'( 081,&,3$/ 35(683,8(672(175( /$635,1&,3$/(6 ,192/8&5(1/$ 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$(172'26 6861,9(/(6

  

  Pรกgina352de395




32/,7,&$638%/,&$6$,03/(0(17$56((1/$&27=21$'(&216(59$&,21

35,25,'$' 2%-(7,926 1$&,21$/ (675$7(*,&26

,1',&$'25 0(7$

$&78$/,=$5 &5($5< $352%$5 25'(1$1=$6'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ +$67$(/$f2  ,03/(0(17$5(/ (55$',&$&,2 '(6$552//2 1'(/$ 25'(1$'2'(/ 32%5(=$ &$1721

352%/(0$ &203(7(1& 327(1&,$/,' ,$ $' )$&8/7$'

32/,7,&$38%/,&$ 7(55,725,$/,=$'$

&21752/$5(/862< 2&83$&,21'(/ 68(/2 *$5$17,=$1'2(/ $&&(62(48,7$7,92$ 68862<3523,('$'

,1$'(&8$'2 862'(/ 68(/2

,1&5(0(17$5$/ /2635(',26 &$7$675$'26(1 (/$5($585$/ &21(6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

(-(5&(5(/ &21752/ 62%5((/ 862< 2&83$&,21 '(/68(/2 (1(/ &$1721  (/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5 /26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2 685%$126< 585$/(

5(*8/$5< &21752/$5/$6 &216758&&,21(6(1 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 &$1721$/&21 (63(&,$/$7(1&,21$ /$61250$6'( &21752/< 35(9(1&,21'( 5,(6*26< '(6$675(6

(/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5/26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,26 585$/(6'(/&$1721

5(*8/$5 35(9(1,5< &21752/$5 5(*8/$535(9(1,5< &803/,5 ,1$'(&8$&2 /$ &21752/$5/$ *$5$17,=$5/26 $18$/0(17( 862'(/ &217$0,1$&, &217$0,1$&,21 '(5(&+26'( &21(/'(/$ 68(/2 21 $0%,(17$/(1(/ 6867(17$%,/ /$1$785$/(=$ 3/$1,),&$&,21 '(7(5,252'( $0%,(17$/ 7(55,725,2 ,'$' 352029,(1'2 35(6838(67$5,$ /$&$/,'$' (1(/ &$1721$/'(0$1(5$ $0%,(17$/ 81$0%,(17( (17(0$6'( $0%,(17$/ 7(55,725,2 $57,&8/$'$&21 6$12< *(67,21 '(/&$1721 &$1721$/ ,167$1&,$6 6867(17$%/( $0%,(17$/+$67$ '()25(67$&, '(0$1(5$ 1$&,21$/(6'( (/ 21 $57,&8/$'$ &21752/ &21/$6 32/,7,&$6 $0%,(17$/(6

  Pรกgina353de395


 1$&,21$/(6   35(6(59$5 0$17(1(5< ',)81',5(/ 3$75,021,2 $548,7(&72 1,&2 &8/785$/< 1$785$/'(/ &$1721< &216758,5 /26 (63$&,26 38%/,&26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6

,1&/8,5(/ '(/$6+$ &216,'(5$'$6 &202 (&26,67(0$6 )5$*,/(63$5$ ),1(6'( &216(59$&,21 +$67$(/

*(5(1$&,21 '(3/(123 (03/(2< 75$%$-2 ',*12

352029(5/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$(1 (/&$1721

325&(17$-('( ,167$1&,$6'( 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$ &21)250$'$< (1)81&,21(6

*$5$17,=$548(/$6 ,03/(0(17$ $&7,9,'$'(6'(/*$' 581 081,&,3$/ 6,67(0$'( (63(&,$/0(17(/$6 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘ 5(/$&,21$'$6&21 1&,8'$'$1$ (6&$6$ 3/$1,),&$&,21 3$5$(/ 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘1 25'(1$0,(172 (-(5&,&,2'( &,8'$'$1$< 7(55,725,$/ /26 &21752/ )2508/$&,21'( '(5(&+26< 62&,$/ 35(683,8(672(175( /$*(67,ร‘1 /$635,1&,3$/(6 '(02&5ยฌ7,& ,192/8&5(1/$ $'(/$ 3$57,&,3$&,21 $&&,ร‘1 &,8'$'$1$(172'26 081,&,3$/ 6861,9(/(6

 POLITICASPUBLICASAIMPLEMENTARSEENLACOTอฒZONADECONSERVACIONYPRODUCCION 35,25,'$' 1$&,21$/

(55$',&$&,2 1'(/$ 32%5(=$

2%-(7,926 (675$7(*,&2 6

,03/(0(17$5 (/'(6$552//2 25'(1$'2'(/ &$1721

,1',&$'25 0(7$

$&78$/,=$5 &5($5< $352%$5 25'(1$1=$6'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ +$67$(/$f2 

352%/(0$ &203(7(1& ,$ 327(1&,$/,' $' )$&8/7$'

,1$'(&8$'2 862'(/ 68(/2

(-(5&(5(/ &21752/ 62%5((/ 862< 2&83$&,21 '(/68(/2 (1(/ &$1721  (/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5 /26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2 685%$126< 585$/(

32/,7,&$38%/,&$ 7(55,725,$/,=$'$ &21752/$5(/862< 2&83$&,21'(/ 68(/2 *$5$17,=$1'2(/ $&&(62(48,7$7,92$ 68862<3523,('$' 5(*8/$5< &21752/$5/$6 &216758&&,21(6(1 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 &$1721$/&21 (63(&,$/$7(1&,21$ /$61250$6'( &21752/< 35(9(1&,21'( 5,(6*26< '(6$675(6

  Pรกgina354de395




,1&5(0(17$5$/ /2635(',26 &$7$675$'26(1 (/$5($585$/ &21(6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

SUSTENTABILIDA DAMBIENTAL



&803/,5 $18$/0(17( &21(/'(/$ ,1$'(&8$&2 3/$1,),&$&,21 862'(/ 35(6838(67$5,$ 68(/2 (17(0$6'( '(7(5,252'( *(67,21 /$&$/,'$' $0%,(17$/+$67$ $0%,(17$/ (/ '(/&$1721 *$5$17,=$5 (;,67(1&,$'( /26'(5(&+26 ,181'$&,21(6 '(/$ (1,19,(512< 1$785$/(=$ 6(48,$6(1 352029,(1'2 9(5$12 81$0%,(17( /,0,7$'$ 6$12< ',6321,%,/,'$ 6867(17$%/( ''($*8$ $37$3$5$ &216802 5()25(67$5(/ '(/$6 +80$12< 5,(*2 +$6 &216,'(5$'$6$ '()25(67$&, 21 5()25(67$5 +$67$(/

)20(17$5 1ร’0(52'( 7,(55$ $&7,9,'$'(6 $62&,$&,21(6 352'8&7,9$ $62&,$7,9$6< 352'8&7,9$6 12&8(17$ GERENACIONDE 352'8&7,9$6< /(*$/,=$'$6 &21 PLENOPEMPLEO 352'8&7,9$6  /(*$/,=$&,21 &2081,7$5,$6   YTRABAJO 3$5$/$   DIGNO 6(*85,'$'   $/,0(17$5,$ (),&,(1&,$  /2&$/ 35(6838(67$5,$ 

(/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5/26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,26 585$/(6'(/&$1721

5(*8/$5 35(9(1,5< &21752/$5 /$ &217$0,1$&, 21 $0%,(17$/ (1(/ 7(55,725,2 &$1721$/ '(0$1(5$ $57,&8/$'$ 5(*8/$535(9(1,5< &21/$6 &21752/$5/$ 32/,7,&$6 &217$0,1$&,21 $0%,(17$/(6 $0%,(17$/(1(/ 1$&,21$/(6 7(55,725,2  &$1721$/'(0$1(5$  $57,&8/$'$&21 35(6(59$5 ,167$1&,$6 0$17(1(5< 1$&,21$/(6'( ',)81',5(/ &21752/ 3$75,021,2 $548,7(&72 1,&2 &8/785$/< 1$785$/'(/ &$1721< &216758,5 /26 (63$&,26 38%/,&26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6 352029(5 /26 $3529(&+$5/$6 352&(626 &$3$&,'$'(6 '( 7(55,725,$/(6(1 '(6$552//2 $&7,9,'$'(6 (&2120,&2 352'8&7,9$6 /2&$/(168 352&85$1'2/$ -85,6',&&,ร‘ &216(59$&,21'(/ 1321,(1'2 0(',2$0%,(17( 81$

  Pรกgina355de395


 (1)20(172 352'8&7,92< &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร‘ 1

&5(',726 /,0,7$'26< 12 232578126

$7(1&,ร‘1 (63(&,$/(1 (/6(&725 '(/$ (&2120,&$ 62&,$/< 62/,'$5,$ 3$5$/2 &8$/ &225',1$5$ &21/26 27526 1,9(/(6'( *2%,(512

352029(5(/ '(6$552//2'(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6 352'8&7,9$6 )20(17$1'2/$ &5($&,ร1< )81&,21$0,(172'( 25*$1,=$&,21(6 $62&,$7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$6

*(1(5$58102'(/2 081,&,3,2&21 '(75$163257( &203(7(1&,$ 3ร’%/,&2(),&,(17( '(75$16,72 3/$1,),&$5 3$5$/$029,/,'$' 0(-25$5/$ $680,'$(1 5(*8/$5< 25'(1$'$'(/$6 ,1)5$(6758&78 &$7(*25,$& &21752/$5 3(5621$6 5$9,$/< (/75$16,72 &2%(5785$'(/ <(/ 75$163257( 75$163257( *$5$17,=$5/$ 3ร’%/,&248( 7(55(675( ,17(5&21(&7,9,'$'< 3(50,7$ '(1752'( /$'27$&,21'( 6$7,6)$&(5/$6 (),&,(1&,$ 68 ,1)5$(6758&7,85$ 1(&(6,'$'(6 35(6838(67$5,$ &219(1,2&21 (/*2%,(512 &,5&816&5,3 $'(&8$'$'( '(/$ (1 &,ร‘1 3529,1&,$/'( &$/,'$'( 32%/$&,21 0$17(1,0,(172 &$1721$/ 0$1$%, ,1&/8<(17(3$5$(/ 9,$/ 862<*(67,21'(/ 75$163257(3ร’%/,&2 <0$6,92 &$3$&,'$' 9(+,&8/$5'( 75$163257( 38%/,&2325 +$%,7$17(

ERRADICACION DELAPOBREZA

GERENACIONDE PLENOPEMPLEO YTRABAJO DIGNO

352029(5/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$(1 (/&$1721

325&(17$-('( ,167$1&,$6'( 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$ &21)250$'$< (1)81&,21(6

,03/(0(17$ 581 6,67(0$'( 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘ 1&,8'$'$1$ (6&$6$ 3$5$(/ 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘1 (-(5&,&,2'( &,8'$'$1$< /26 &21752/ '(5(&+26< 62&,$/ /$*(67,ร‘1 '(02&5ยฌ7,& $'(/$ $&&,ร‘1 081,&,3$/

*$5$17,=$548(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6'(/*$' 081,&,3$/ (63(&,$/0(17(/$6 5(/$&,21$'$6&21 3/$1,),&$&,21 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ )2508/$&,21'( 35(683,8(672(175( /$635,1&,3$/(648( ,192/8&5(1/$ 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$(172'26 6861,9(/(6

       Pรกgina356de395




POLITICASPUBLICASAIMPLEMENTARSEENLACOTอฒZONADEHUMEDAL 35,25,'$' 2%-(7,926 1$&,21$/ (675$7(*,&26

,1',&$'25 0(7$

$&78$/,=$5 &5($5< $352%$5 25'(1$1=$6'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ +$67$(/$f2  ,03/(0(17$5(/ ERRADICACION '(6$552//2 DELAPOBREZA 25'(1$'2'(/ &$1721

352%/(0$ &203(7(1& 327(1&,$/,' ,$ $' )$&8/7$'

32/,7,&$38%/,&$ 7(55,725,$/,=$'$

&21752/$5(/862< 2&83$&,21'(/ 68(/2 *$5$17,=$1'2(/ $&&(62(48,7$7,92$ 68862<3523,('$'

,1$'(&8$'2 862'(/ 68(/2

,1&5(0(17$5$/ /2635(',26 &$7$675$'26(1 (/$5($585$/ &21(6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

(-(5&(5(/ 5(*8/$5< &21752/ &21752/$5/$6 62%5((/ &216758&&,21(6(1 862< 2&83$&,21 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 &$1721$/&21 '(/68(/2 (63(&,$/$7(1&,21$ (1(/ /$61250$6'( &$1721 &21752/<  35(9(1&,21'( (/$%25$5< 5,(6*26< $'0,1,675$5 '(6$675(6 /26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2 685%$126< 585$/( (/$%25$5< $'0,1,675$5/26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,26 585$/(6'(/&$1721

  Pรกgina357de395




*$5$17,=$5/26 '(5(&+26'( /$1$785$/(=$ SUSTENTABILIDA 352029,(1'2 DAMBIENTAL 81$0%,(17( 6$12< 6867(17$%/(

GERENACIONDE PLENOPEMPLEO YTRABAJO DIGNO

352029(5/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$(1 (/&$1721

,1&/8,5(/ '(/$6+$ &216,'(5$'$6 &202 (&26,67(0$6 )5$*,/(63$5$ ),1(6'( &216(59$&,21 +$67$(/

325&(17$-('( ,167$1&,$6'( 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$ &21)250$'$< (1)81&,21(6

5(*8/$5 35(9(1,5< &21752/$5 /$ &217$0,1$&, 21 $0%,(17$/ (1(/ 7(55,725,2 ,1$'(&8$&2 &$1721$/ 862'(/ '(0$1(5$ 5(*8/$535(9(1,5< 68(/2 $57,&8/$'$ &21752/$5/$ '(7(5,252'( &21/$6 &217$0,1$&,21 /$&$/,'$' 32/,7,&$6 $0%,(17$/(1(/ $0%,(17$/ $0%,(17$/(6 7(55,725,2 '(/&$1721 1$&,21$/(6 &$1721$/'(0$1(5$ &217$0,1$&,2 35(6(59$5 $57,&8/$'$&21 1'(/$6 0$17(1(5< ,167$1&,$6 )8(17(6 ',)81',5(/ 1$&,21$/(6'( +,'5,&$6 3$75,021,2 &21752/ '()25(67$&, $548,7(&72 21 1,&2 &8/785$/< 1$785$/'(/ &$1721< &216758,5 /26 (63$&,26 38%/,&26 3$5$(6726 ),1(6

*$5$17,=$548(/$6 ,03/(0(17$ $&7,9,'$'(6'(/*$' 581 081,&,3$/ 6,67(0$'( (63(&,$/0(17(/$6 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘ 5(/$&,21$'$6&21 1&,8'$'$1$ (6&$6$ 3/$1,),&$&,21 3$5$(/ 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘1 25'(1$0,(172 (-(5&,&,2'( &,8'$'$1$< 7(55,725,$/ /26 &21752/ )2508/$&,21'( '(5(&+26< 62&,$/ 35(683,8(672(175( /$*(67,ร‘1 /$635,1&,3$/(6 '(02&5ยฌ7,& ,192/8&5(1/$ $'(/$ 3$57,&,3$&,21 $&&,ร‘1 &,8'$'$1$(172'26 081,&,3$/ 6861,9(/(6

       Pรกgina358de395






 

 Pรกgina359de395


 )$6(,,,  02'(/2'(*(67,21 $ FRQWLQXDFLyQ VH GHWDOOD OD PDWUL] UHVXPHQ GH ORV SURJUDPDV \ SUR\HFWRV TXH KDQ VLGR FRQVLGHUDGRV HQ HO SODQ WRPDQGR FRPR EDVH ORV SUREOHPDV SULRUL]DGRV GH PDQHUD SDUWLFLSDWLYD SRU OD FLXGDGDQtD HQ ODV GLIHUHQWHV DVDPEOHDV FLXGDGDQDV UHDOL]DGDV ORV PLVPRVTXHGHEHQVHUHMHFXWDGRVSDUDSRGHUDOFDQ]DUORVREMHWLYRVHVWUDWpJLFRVSODQWHDGRV \GHHVWDPDQHUDKDFHUGHDSRFRUHDOLGDGODYLVLyQIRUPXODGD (Q HVWD PDWUL] VH LGHQWLILFDQ ORV GLIHUHQWHV SURJUDPDV SUR\HFWRV FRQ VXV SUHVXSXHVWRV UHIHUHQFLDOHV \ OD IXHQWH GH ILQDQFLDPLHQWR WRGRV DUWLFXODGRV D VXV UHVSHFWLYRV REMHWLYRV HVWUDWpJLFRVPHWDVLQGLFDGRUHVFDWHJRUtDGHRUGHQDPLHQWRWHUULWRULDO\ODVSROtWLFDVORFDOHV D LPSODQWDUVH HQ HO WHUULWRULR \ OD HVWUDWHJLD GH DUWLFXODFLyQ FRQ RWUDV LQVWLWXFLRQHV ORFDOHV SURYLQFLDOHV\QDFLRQDOHV

  



 Pรกgina360de395


5.1.PROGRAMASYPROYECTOS. 

2%-(7,92 (675$7(*,&2

,03/(0(17$5(/ '(6$552//2 25'(1$'2'(/ &$1721

0(7$6'( *(67,ร1

$&78$/,=$5 &5($5< $352%$5 25'(1$1=$6 '( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ +$67$(/$f2 

&$7(*25,$'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/

32/,7,&$/2&$/ (675$7(*,$'( $57,&8/$&,ร1

352*5$0$

352<(&72

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/

&21752/$5(/862< 2&83$&,21'(/68(/2 *$5$17,=$1'2(/ $&&(62(48,7$7,92$68 862<3523,('$'  5(*8/$5<&21752/$5 /$6&216758&&,21(6(1 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 &$1721$/&21(63(&,$/ $7(1&,21$/$61250$6 '(&21752/< 35(9(1&,21'(5,(6*26 <'(6$675(6  5(*8/$5/26 $6(17$0,(1726 +80$126,55(*8/$5(6  5(*8/$5(/862'( 5,%(5$6</(&+26'( 5,26&21),1(6 5(&5($7,926<3$5$

5(*8/$&,ร1< &21752/'(/ 862< 2&83$&,21 '(/68(/2(1 (/&$1721

$&78$/,=$&,21 <(/$%25$&,21 '( 25'(1$1=$6 '( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/

35(6838(672



)8(17('( ),1$1&,$0,(172

*$'5

7,(032'( (-(&8&,ร1 (1$f26

,1',&$'25'( *(67,ร1

5(63216$%/( '((-(&8&,ร1

35238(67$ 2(1 (-(&8&,ร1



180(52'( 25'(1$1=$6'( 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ $352%$'$6

*$'5 < 6(59,'25(6 081,&,3$/(6 5(63216$%/( 6'(&$'$ $5($

3

  



 Pรกgina361de395




$&7,9,'$'(6 (&21ร0,&$66,1 '(75,0(172'(/ $0%,(17(

&217$5&21 81(678',2 3$5$&5$&,21 '(81$ 3$55248,$ 585$/+$67$ (/$f2

=21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/

&21752/$5(/862< 2&83$&,21'(/68(/2 *$5$17,=$1'2(/ $&&(62(48,7$7,92$68 862<3523,('$'  5(*8/$5<&21752/$5 /$6&216758&&,21(6(1 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 &$1721$/&21(63(&,$/ $7(1&,21$/$61250$6 '(&21752/< 35(9(1&,21'(5,(6*26 <'(6$675(6  5(*8/$5/26 $6(17$0,(1726 +80$126,55(*8/$5(6

,'(17,),&$&,ร1 '(/$6=21$6 '(5,(6*26



*$'5



(678',263$5$ '(),1,5/ร‹0,7(6 '( &2081,'$'(6 <&5($&,21'( 3$55248,$ 585$/



*$'5



3



180(52'((678',2 5($/,=$'2

*$'5

 

 Pรกgina362de395

3




&5($5< $352%$5 %$55,26 /(*$/0(17( &2167,78,'26 +$67$(/

=21$85%$1$

'(/,0,7$5< &5($5/26 %$55,26(1/$ =21$85%$1$

,1&5(0(17$5 $//26 35(',26 &$7$675$'26 (1(/$5($ 85%$1$&21 (6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/

$&78$/,=$&,21 '(/26 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,26 85%$12< 585$/

,1&5(0(17$5 $//26 35(',26 &$7$675$'26 (1(/$5($ 585$/&21 (6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6 +$67$(/

=21$ 85%$1$=21$ $*52785,6&$=2 1$ $*523(&8$5,$= 21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21=21 $'( &216(59$&,21= 21$'(+80('$/

(/$%25$&,ร1 < $'0,1,675$&, (/$%25$5<$'0,1,675$5 ร1'(/26 /26&$7$67526 &$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2685%$126 ,102%,/,$5,26 <585$/(6'(/&$1721 85%$126< 585$/(6'(/ &$1721

/(*$/,=$&,21 '(/$7(1(1&,$ '(/$7,(55$



*$'5



*$'5 %('(



&219(1,2*$' 0$*$3



180(52'(%$55,26 /(*$/0(17( &2167,78,'26

*$'5

35238(67$



325&(17$-('( 35(',26 &$7$675$'26(1(/ $5($85%$1$&21 (6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6

*$'5

35238(67$



325&(17$-('( 35(',26 &$7$675$'26(1(/ $5($585$/&21 (6&5,785$6 /(*$/,=$'$6

*$'5 <0$*$3

35238(67$

 

 Pรกgina363de395




,1&/8,5(/ '(/$6+$6 &216,'(5$'$6 &202 (&26,67(0$6 )5$*,/(63$5$ ),1(6'( &216(59$&,21 +$67$(/

*$5$17,=$5/26 '(5(&+26'(/$ 1$785$/(=$ 352029,(1'281 $0%,(17(6$12< 6867(17$%/(

&803/,5 $18$/0(17( &21(/'( /$ 3/$1,),&$&,21 35(6838(67$5 ,$(17(0$6'( *(67,21 $0%,(17$/  5()25(67$5 0(',$17( &219(1,2(/ '(/$6 +$6 &216,'(5$'$6 +$67$(/

=21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/

5(*8/$535(9(1,5< &21752/$5/$ &217$0,1$&,21 $0%,(17$/(1(/ 7(55,725,2&$1721$/'( 0$1(5$$57,&8/$'$&21 ,167$1&,$61$&,21$/(6 '(&21752/)250$5 0(6$6'(75$%$-2&21 0$(<*$'3529,1&,$/

&216(59$&,2 1'( 5(&85626 1$785$/(6

'(&/$5$5 $5($6 3527(*,'$6

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/

5(*8/$535(9(1,5< &21752/$5/$ &217$0,1$&,21 $0%,(17$/(1(/ 7(55,725,2&$1721$/'( 0$1(5$$57,&8/$'$&21 ,167$1&,$61$&,21$/(6 '(&21752/ 5(*8/$5(/862'( 5,%(5$6</(&+26'( 5,26&21),1(6 5(&5($7,926<3$5$ $&7,9,'$'(6 (&21ร0,&$66,1 '(75,0(172'(/ $0%,(17()250$5 0(6$6'(75$%$-2&21 0$(<*$'3529,1&,$/

5(67$85$&,ร 1'(/$ &2%(5785$ 9(*(7$/'(/ &$1721

5(67$85$&,21 '(/$ &2%(5785$ 9(*(7$/'(/ &$1721





*$'5

*$'5 < *30



325&(17$-($18$/ '(+(&7$5($6 '(67,1$'$6$/$ &216(59$&,21< 3527(&&,21'( (&26,67(0$

*$'5

3



(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$ '(67,1$'2$/$ *(67,21$0%,(17$/  325&(17$-($18$/ '(+(&7$5($6 5()25(67$'$6

*$'5

3

 

 Pรกgina364de395




,1&5(0(17$5 81$%5,*$'$ %$55,$/(62 &2081,7$5,$ $18$/0(17( +$67$(/

,1&5(0(17$5 (48,326'( 6(*85,'$' $18$/0(17( +$67$(/

)257$/(&(5/26 6(59,&,26'(6$/8' ('8&$&,ร1 5(&5($&,ร1< 6(*85,'$' &,8'$'$1$$72'$/$ 32%/$&,ร1&21 (63(&,$/$7(1&,ร1$ /26*58326 35,25,7$5,26 35208/*$1'2/$ &255(63216$%,/,'$' </$(7,&$'(/ &,8'$'$12

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/

)257$/(&(5(/&216(-2 &$1721$/'(6(*85,'$' &,8'$'$1$ ,192/8&5$1'2/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร‘1'(7226 /26$&725(6

)257$/(&,0,( 172'(/ &216(-2'( 6(*8,'$'(1 (/&$17ร1

,1&5(0(17$5 (181(/ 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'2 3$5$/$6$/8' +$67$(/

686&5,%,5 &219(1,26 $18$/0(17( &212*<21* 3$5$$7(1&,21 '(/26 *58326 35,25,7$5,26 +$67$(/

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21

  *$5$17,=$5/$,*8$/'$' '($&&(62(13/(1$ 3$57,&,3$&,21'(/26 *583ร6'($7(1&,21 35,25,7$5,$  352029(5$&7,9,'$'(6 '(3257,9$6 5(&5($7,9$6<'(2&(2 3$5$/26*58326'( $7(1&,2135,25,7$5,$

$680,5+$67$ (/ 32/,7,&$6(1 %(1(),&,2'( /26*58326 '($7(1&,ร1 35,25,7$5,$

$7(1&,ร1'( *58326 35,25,7$5,26

&21)250$&,ร 1< )257$/(&,0,(1 72'( %5,*$'$6 %$55,$/(6< &2081,7$5,$6



*$'5

$f26

180(52'(%5,*$'$6 %$55,$/(62 &2081,7$5,$6 &21)250$'$6

*$'5

3

,03/(0(172'( (48,326 +(55$0,(17$6 '(6(*85,'$' (1(/&$17ร1



*$'5



180(52'((48,326 ,03/(0(17$'26

*$'5

3

$'(&8$&,21(6 '( ,1)5$(6758&7 85$3$5$ $7(1&,ร1$ *58326 35,25,7$5,26



*$'5



325&(17$-('( 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'23$5$/$ 6$/8'325(/*$'

*$'5

3

686&5,3&,ร1 '(&219(1,26 &212*<21* 3$5$$7(1&,21 $*58326 35,25,7$5,26



*$'5



180(52'(&219(1,2 68%6&5,726

*$'5

3

&216758&&,ร1 '($*(1'$ 3$5$/$ ,*8$/'$'



*$'5



180(52'(32/,7,&$6 $680,'$6(1 %(1(),&,2'(/26 *5832635,25,7$5,26

*$'5

3

 

 Pรกgina365de395




5(*(1(5$52 &216758,5 +$67$(/ (63$&,26 38%/,&26(1 (/&$17ร1 52&$)8(57(

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/

$03/,$5$81 /26 (67$%/(&,0,(1 726 ('8&$7,926 &216(59,&,2 '( $/&$17$5,//$' 2<$*8$ 327$%/(+$67$ (/

,1&5(0(17$5 $81/26 (67$%/(&,0,(1 726'(6$/8' &21(/ 6(59,&,2'( $/&$17$5,//$' 2<$*8$ 327$%/(+$67$ (/

&803/,5 $18$/0(17( (/'(/ 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'2$ /$('8&$&,21 <&8/785$ +$67$(/

=21$85%$1$  =21$ $*523(&8$5,$  =21$ $*52785,67,&$

&216758&&,ร 1< 0$17(1,0,(17 352029(5<3$752&,1$5 2'(/26 /$6&8/785$6/$6$57(6 (63$&,26 </$6$&7,9,'$'(6 38%/,&26'( '(3257,9$6(1 (63$5&,0,(17 %(1(),&,2'(/$ 26 &2/(&7,9,'$''(/ 5(&5($&,ร1 &$1721 '(3257,92< &21&(175$&, ร1&,8'$'$1$

35(67$56(59,&,26 3ร’%/,&26'($*8$ 327$%/( $/&$17$5,//$'2 '(385$&,21'($*8$6 5(6,'8$/(60$1(-2'( '(6(&+2662/,'26 $&7,9,'$''( 6$1($0,(172$0%,(17$/ $/26$6(17$0,(1726 +80$126'(/$ &,56&81&5,3&,21 &$1721$/

352029(5<3$752&,1$5 /$6&8/785$6/$6$57(6 </$6$&7,9,'$'(6 '(3257,9$6(1 %(1(),&,2'(/$ &2/(&7,9,'$''(/ &$1721

0(-25$0,(17 2( ,1&5(0(172 '(/6(59,&,2 '($*8$ 327$%/( $/&$17$5,//$ '2 6$1($0,(172 <5(6,'826 62/,'$26(1 (/&$17ร1



0(-25$0,(172 (,1&5(0(172 '(/26 (63$&,26 38%/,&26'( (63$5&,0,(172 5(&5($&,ร1< &21&(175$&,2 1&,8'$'$1$



*$'5



180(52'((63$&,26 38%/,&26 5(*(1(5$'262 &216758,'26(1(/ &$17ร152&$)8(57(

*$'5

3

*$'5

3

'27$5'($*8$ 327$%/(< $/&$17$5,//$' 2$/26 (67$%/(6&,0,( 1726 ('8&$7,926(1 (/&$17ร1



*$'5



325&(17$-('( (67$%/(&,0,(1726 ('8&$7,926&21 6(59,&,26'( $/&$17$5,//$'2< $*8$327$%/(

'27$5'($*8$ 327$%/(< $/&$17$5,//$' 2$/26 (67$%/(6&,0,( 1726'(6$/8' (1(/&$17ร1



*$'5



325&(17$-('( (67$%/(&,0,(1726'( 6$/8'&216(59,&,26 '($/&$17$5,//$'2< $*8$327$%/(

*$'5

3

5($/,=$5 &85626 7(0325$/(6< 3(50$1(17(6 $57,67,&26 &8/785$/(6 '(3257,926 ('8&$7,926< '( (035(1',0,(1 72(1(/ &$1721



*$'5



325&(17$-('( 35(6838(672 '(67,1$'2$/$ ('8&$&,ร1< &8/785$

*$'5

3

 

 Pรกgina366de395




(',7$581 '2&80(172 %,%/,2*5$),&2 62%5(/$6 +,6725,$6'( /$6 &2081,'$'(6 '(/&$17ร1 +$67$(/

25,(17$5$/$ &,8'$'$1,$$/ (032'(5$0,(172'( 68675$',&,21(6< &26780%5(6 $1&(675$/(6&202 81(1)248('( 327(1&,$&8/785$/< 785,67,&$

(-(&87$5 )(67,9$/(6 &8/785$/(6 (1(/&$17ร1 $18$/0(17( +$67$(/

,17(59(1,5 3,1785$6'( &$%$//(7( 48( 3(57(1((1$/ 3$75,021,2 &8/785$/'(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57( +$67$(/

(-(&87$581 352<(&72'( 5($+$%,/,7$&, 21'(/ 3$75,021,2 &8/785$/'(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57( +$67$(/

(',7$5 38%/,&$&,ร1 62%5(/$ +,6725,$'( /$6 &2081,'$'(6 '(/&$17ร1

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/



*$'5



180(52'( 38%/,&$&,21(6 5($/,=$'$6

*$'5

3

*$'5

3

5(6&$7('( /$,'(17,'$' &8/785$/

352029(5(/5(63(72< &212&,0,(172$/$6 &8/785$6(,'(17,'$'(6 ',9(56$6(1(/*$' 081,&,3$/3$5$ ',60,18,5(67(5(27,326 1(*$7,92662%5(/$6 1$&,21$/,'$'(6< 38(%/26 =21$85%$1$

)(67,9$/(6 3$5$(/ 5(6&$7('(/$ ,'(17,'$' &8/785$/ $57(6$1$/< 785,67,&$'(/ &$17ร1



*$'5



180(52'( )(67,9$/(6 &8/785$/(6 5($/,=$'26(1(/ &$17ร1

,17(59(1&,21 '(3,1785$6 '(&$%$//(7( '(3523,('$' '(/*$' 081,&,3$/



*$'5



180(52'(3,1785$ '(&$%$//(7('( 3523,('$''(/*$' 081,&,3$/ ,17(59(1,'$6

*$'5

3



180(52'( 352<(&726'( 5($+$%,/,7$&,21'(/ 3$75,021,2 &8/785$/'(/ &$172152&$)8(57( (-(&87$'26

*$'5

3

5(+$%,/,7$5 (/ 3$75,021,2 &8/785$/'(/ &$1721 52&8(57(

=21$85%$1$

5(+$%,/,7$&,2 1'(/3$548( &(175$/'( 52&$)8(57(< 68(172512 85%$12 3$75,021,$/



*$'5

 

 Pรกgina367de395




0(-25$5/$6 &21',&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6<'( 0(5&$'2

0(-25$5/$6 &21',&,21(6 '( ,1)5$(6758&7 85$ '(67,1$'26$ /$ &20(5&,$/,=$& ,21$ 0+$%+$67$ (/

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21

*$5$17,=$5(/862< 0$17(1,0,(172'( ,1)5$(6758&785$6 352'8&7,9$6<'( &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร148( 0(-25(1/$&$/,'$''( 9,'$'(/$32%/$&,ร1 )250$50(6$6'( 75$%$-2&21(/*$' 3529,1&,$/0$*$3</$ &223,17(51$&,21$/ 3$5$$57,&8/$5(/ 352&(62(1(/&$1721

35(67$56(59,&,2648( 6$7,6)$*$1 1(&(6,'$'(6 &2/(&7,9$65(/$7,9$6$/ 0$1(-2<(;3(1',2'( 9,9(5(66(59,&,26'( )$(1$0,(1723/$=$6'( 0(5&$'26

0(-25$0,(17 2'(/26 &$1$/(6'( &20(5&,$/,=$ &,ร‘1'(/26 35,1&,3$/(6 352'8&726 $*52,1'8675, $/(6< $57(6$1$/(6

)257$/(&,0,(1 72'(/$ &20(5&,$/,=$& ,ร‘1/2&$/'( /26 35,1&,3$/(6 352'8&726 $*52,1'8675, $/(6< $57(6$1$/(6



&216758&&,ร‘1 '(/0(5&$'2 '($%$6726



0$*$3 *30 21*



0$*$3*30 21**$'5

3

*$'5

3

'(16,'$''( ,1)5$(6758&785$ '(67,1$'$$/$ &20(5&,$/,=$&,21

%('(



 

 Pรกgina368de395




)20(17$5 $&7,9,'$'(6 $62&,$7,9$6< 352'8&7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$63$5$ /$6(*85,'$' $/,0(17$5,$/2&$/

&$3$&,7$5$/ '(/26 352'8&725(6 $62&,$'26(1 7(0$6'( )20(172 352'8&7,92< &20(5&,$/,=$& ,21+$67$(/ 

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21

352029(5(/ '(6$552//2'(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6 352'8&7,9$6 )20(17$1'2/$ &5($&,ร1< )81&,21$0,(172'( 25*$1,=$&,21(6 $62&,$7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$6 $57,&8/$5(/352&(62 &21(/*$'3529,1&,$/< (/0$*$3<&21/$ &223(5$&,21 ,17(51$&,21$/

0(-25$5/$6 &21',&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6<'( 0(5&$'2

*(67,21$5(/ 0$17(1,0,(17 2< 5(+$%,/,7$&,2 1'(/'( /$69,$6 585$/(6'(/ &$1721(181 /$362'( $f26

=21$ 85%$1$=21$ $*52785,6&$=2 1$ $*523(&8$5,$= 21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21

,03/(0(17$50(6$6'( 75$%$-2&21(/ *2%,(5123529,1&,$/'( 0$1$%,3$5$ 0(-25$0,(172 0$17(1,0,(172 5(+$%,/,7$&,21< &216758&&,21'( 9,$/,'$'585$/

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/

352029(5(/ '(6$552//2'(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6 352'8&7,9$6 )20(17$1'2/$ &5($&,ร1< )81&,21$0,(172'( 25*$1,=$&,21(6 $62&,$7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$6  $57,&8/$5(/352&(62 &21,167,78&,21(6 $),1(6$/'(6$552//2 785,67,&2&202621 0,1,67(5,2'(785,602

)20(17$5 $&7,9,'$'(6 $62&,$7,9$6< 352'8&7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$63$5$ /$6(*85,'$66' $/,0(17$5,$/2&$/

5($/,=$5(/ '(/$6 &$3$&,7$&,21( 6 352*5$0$'$6 $18$/0(17( (17(0$6'( $6,67(1&,$ 7(&1,&$ 352'8&7,9$ +$67$(/

$57,&8/$&,ร‘1 '(/$ 352'8&7,9,'$ '$57(6$1$/ *$6752120,& $< $*523(&8$5, $&21(/ '(6$552//2 785,67,&2 &$1721$/

)20(172< $57,&8/$&,ร‘1 '(&$'(1$6 352'8&7,9$6 $*52,1'8675, $/(6

5(+$%,/,7$&,ร‘ 1< 0$17(1,0,(17 2'(9,$6 585$/(6



&$3$&,7$&,ร‘1 ,17(*5$/(1 (035(1',0,(1 726 $6,67(1&,$ 7(&1,&$< 23(5$&,ร1 785,67,&$







'(16,'$''( ,1)5$(6758&785$ '(67,1$'$$/$ &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร1    325&(17$-('( &$3$&,7$&,21(6 '(6$552//$'$6 $18$/0(17( ',5,*,'$6$ 352'8&725(6 $62&,$'26(17(0$6 '(6(*85,'$' $/,0(17$5,$< &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร1 $62&,$7,9$

0$*$3*30 21**$'5

3

*30



325&(17$-('(9,$6 585$/(60$17(1,'$6 <0(-25$'$648( 3(50,7$1/$6$/,'$ '(/26$/,0(1726$ /260(5&$'26

*30

(

0,1,67(5,2'( 785,602 *30 6(7(& 81,9(56,'$'(6



325&(17$-('( &$3$&,7$&,21(6< $6,67(1&,$7(&1,&$ 352'8&7,9$ ,03$57,'$

*$'5

(

0$*$3*30 21*

 

 Pรกgina369de395




81,9(56,'$'(66(7(& *$'3529,1&,$/ &803/,5 $18$/0(17( &21(/ '(/$ 3/$1,),&$&,ร1 35(6838(67$5 ,$(17(0$6'( )20(172 352'8&7,92< &20(5&,$/,=$& ,ร1+$67$(/ 

0(-25$5/$6 &21',&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6<'( 0(5&$'2

0(-25$5/$6 &21',&,21(6 '( ,1)5$(6758&7 85$ '(67,1$'26$ /$ &20(5&,$/,=$& ,ร1$ 0+$%+$67$ (/

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$

*$5$17,=$5(/862< 0$17(1,0,(172'( ,1)5$(6758&785$6 352'8&7,9$6<'( &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร148( 0(-25(1/$&$/,'$''( 9,'$'(/$32%/$&,ร1  $57,&8/$5(/352&(62 &21(/0,352</$&223 ,17(51$&,21$/

35202&,21< ',)86,21'( /26 $75$&7,926 785,67,&26 /2&$/(6



0,1,67(5,2'( 785,602 *30 *$'5

'(6$552//2 '(18(926 352'8&726 785,67,&26 3$5$ ',9(56,),&$5 /$2)(57$ 785,67,&$ /2&$/



0,1,67(5,2'( 785,602 *30 81,9(56,'$'(6 *$'5

(678',26< ',6(f26 '(),1,7,926< &216758&&,21 '(/0(5&$'2 $57(6$1$/ &$1721$/



*$'5



*$'5

(

*$'5

3

(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$(1 )20(172 352'8&7,92< &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร1 



'(16,'$''( ,1)5$(6758&785$ '(67,1$'$$/$ &20(5&,$/,=$&,ร1

*$'5

 

 Pรกgina370de395

3




0(-25$5/$6 &21',&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6<'( 0(5&$'2

)20(17$5 $&7,9,'$'(6 $62&,$7,9$6< 352'8&7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$63$5$ /$6(*85,'$66' $/,0(17$5,$/2&$/

5($/,=$5(/ '(/$6 &$3$&,7$&,21( 6 352*5$0$'$6 $18$/0(17( (17(0$6'( $6,67(1&,$ 7(&1,&$ 352'8&7,9$ +$67$(/

5($/,=$5(/ '(/$6 &$3$&,7$&,21( 6 352*5$0$'$6 $18$/0(17( (17(0$6'( $6,67(1&,$ 7(&1,&$ 352'8&7,9$ +$67$(/

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21 =21$'( &216(59$&,21 =21$'( +80('$/

=21$ 85%$1$=21$ $*52785,6&$=2 1$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21=21 $'( &216(59$&,21= 21$'(+80('$/

352029(5(/ '(6$552//2'(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6 352'8&7,9$6 )20(17$1'2/$ &5($&,ร1< )81&,21$0,(172'( 25*$1,=$&,21(6 $62&,$7,9$6 &2081,7$5,$6

352029(5(/ '(6$552//2'(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6 352'8&7,9$6 75$16)(5(1& )20(17$1'2/$ ,$'( &5($&,ร1< 7(&12/2*,$6 )81&,21$0,(172'( $/$6 25*$1,=$&,21(6 81,'$'(6'( $62&,$7,9$6 352'8&&,21 &2081,7$5,$6$57,&8/$5 <$6(625,$ (/352&(62&21(/ 7(&1,&$ 0$*$381,9(56,'$'(6< 25*$1,6026'(&223 ,17(51$&,21$/

25'(1$1=$'( 5(*8/$&,ร‘1'( /$$&7,9,'$' 785,67,&$ /2&$/



*$'5



75$16)(5(1&, $'( 7(&12/2*,$6< &$3$&,7$&,21( 63$5$ $'(&8$'$ 352'8&&,21 $*523(&8$5,$  $*52,1'8675, $/< $57(6$1$/



0$*$3&223 ,17(51$&,21$/ 21*



)20(17$5/$ (&2120,$ 62/,'$5,$$ 1,9(/ &2081,7$5,2



325&(17$-('( &$3$&,7$&,21(6< $6,67(1&,$7(&1,&$ 352'8&7,9$ ,03$57,'$

*$'5

3

*$'5

3

*$'5

3

325&(17$-('( &$3$&,7$&,21(6< $6,67(1&,$7(&1,&$ 352'8&7,9$ ,03$57,'$ 0$*$3&223 ,17(51$&,21$/ 21*



 

 Pรกgina371de395




0(-25$5/$6 &21',&,21(6 352'8&7,9$6<'( 0(5&$'2

0(-25$5/$&$/,'$' '(+$%,7$7'(/26 $6(17$0,(1726 +80$126'(/ &$17ร1

*(67,21$5/$ &216758&&,21  0$17(1,0,(17 2< 5(+$%,/,7$&,2 1'(/'( /266,67(0$6 '(5,(*2'(/ &$1721+$67$ (/

/2*5$548( (/'( 35(',26(1(/ &$1721 &8(17(1&21 $&&(62$5(' 38%/,&$'( $*8$$/ /2*5$548( (/'( 35(',26(1/$ =21$85%$1$ &8(17(1&21 $&&(62$5(' 38%/,&$'( $*8$$/ $80(17$5/$ 352'8&&,ร1 '($*8$$ /WUV+DE  GLDULRV +$67$ (/ 

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,6&$ =21$ $*523(&8$5,$ =21$'( &216(59$&,21< 352'8&&,21

=21$85%$1$  =21$ $*52785,67,&$  =21$ $*523(&8$5,$

,03/(0(17$50(6$6'( 75$%$-2&21(/ *2%,(5123529,1&,$/'( 0$1$%,<&216(1$*8$ 3$5$0(-25$0,(172 0$17(1,0,(172 5(+$%,/,7$&,21< &216758&&,21'( ,1)5$(6758&785$6'( 5,(*2

,03/(0(17$&, 21< 0$17(1,0,(17 2'( ,1)5$(6758& 785$6'( 5,(*2

,03/(0(17$&,2 1< 0$17(1,0,(17 2'( ,1)5$(6758&7 85$6'(5,(*2



6(1$*8$ < *30

,03/(0(17$&,ร 1/$%25$725,2 '(&21752/'( &$/,'$''( $*8$327$%/(



(678',263$5$ '27$5'($*8$ 327$%/($/$6 &2081,'$'(6 '(/&$1721



35(67$56(59,&,26 3ร’%/,&26'($*8$ 0(-25$( 327$%/( ,1&5(0(172 $/&$17$5,//$'2 '(/6(59,&,2 '(385$&,21'($*8$6 '($*8$ '27$&,ร1'( 5(6,'8$/(60$1(-2'( 327$%/( $*8$327$%/( '(6(&+2662/,'26 $/&$17$5,//$ $/$6 $&7,9,'$''( '2 &2081,'$'(6 6$1($0,(172$0%,(17$/ 6$1($0,(172 '(/&$17ร1 $/26$6(17$0,(1726 <5(6,'826 +80$126'(/$ 6ร/,'26(1(/ &216758&&,ร1 '( &,56&81&5,3&,21 &$1721 5(6(5925,26 &$1721$/ '($*8$3$5$ 6(59,&,2'( /$6 &2081,'$'(6 '(/&$17ร1 0$17(1,0,(17 2&217,182'( /266,67(0$6 '($*8$ (;,67(17(6

325&(17$-('( +(&7$5($648( &8(17$1&21 6,67(0$6'(5,(*2

6(1$*8$ < *30

3

*$'5

*$'5

3

*$'5

*$'5

3

*$'5

3





325&(17$-('( 35(',26&21$&&(62 $/$5('3ร’%/,&$'( $*8$(1(/&$1721 52&$)8(57(  352'8&&,ร1'( 92/80(1'($*8$ 325+$%,7$17((1(/ &$172152&$)8(57(



*$'5



*$'5

*$'5

3



*$'5

*$'5

3

 

 Pรกgina372de395




$03/,$5$/ /$ &2%(5785$'( 9,9,(1'$6&21 81$'(&8$'2 6,67(0$'( (/,0,1$&,21'( (;&5(7$6(1 (/&$17ร‘1$/ $f2  //(*$5$ 81$(),&,(1&,$ '((1(/ 0$1(-2 35(6838(67$5 ,2'(/ $/&$17$5,//$' 2'(/&$1721 52&$)8(57( $/

&216758&&,ร1 '(/6,67(0$'( 75$7$0,(172 '($*8$ 327$%/(3$5$ /$&,8'$''( 52&$)8(57(



*$'5

$'48,6,&,ร1'( 0(','25(6< $&&(625,26 '($*8$ 327$%/(3$5$ /$6 ,167$/$&,21(6 '(*8,$6 '20,&,/,$5,$6 (1/$=21$ 85%$1$



*$'5

$03/,$&,21'( /$5(''( $/&$17$5,//$' 26$1,7$5,2(1 /$=21$ 85%$1$



*$'5

$03/,$&,21'( /$5(''( $/&$17$5,//$' 23/89,$/(1 /$=21$ 85%$1$



*$'5

0$17(1,0,(17 2'(/6,67(0$ '( $/&$17$5,//$' 26$1,7$5,2< 3/89,$/(1/$ =21$85%$1$



*$'5

$'48,6,&,ร1'( 816,)21(52



(678',26'( 6$1($0,(172 %รˆ6,&2(1/$6 &2081,'$'(6



*$'5

3

*$'5

3

*$'5

3

*$'5

3

*$'5

3

*$'5

*$'5

3

*$'5

*$'5

(

325&(17$-('( 35(',26&21 0(','25'($*8$(1 /$=21$85%$1$

325&(17$-('( 9,9,(1'$6&2181 $'(&8$'26,67(0$ '((/,0,1$&,ร1'( (;&5(7$6(1(/ &$1721 52&$)8(57((),&,(1 &,$35(6838(67$5,$ 3$5$ $/&$17$5,//$'2(1 (/&$1721 52&$)8(57(

 

 Pรกgina373de395




/2*5$548( (/'(/26 35(',26'(/ &$17ร‘1 &8(17(1&21 (/6(59,&,2'( 5(&2/(&&,21 '(%$685$ +$67$(/ /2*5$548( /$(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5 ,$6($'(/ $/

5($/,=$5 &$3$&,7$&,21 $18$/0(17( (17(0$6 5(/$&,21$'26 &21/$6 &203(7(1&,$6 081,&,3$/(6 +$67$(/

$80(17$5$ /$ 683(5),&,('( &216758&&,21 5(*,675$'$$/ 

=21$85%$1$  =21$ $*52785,67,&$  =21$ $*523(&8$5,$

=21$85%$1$  =21$ $*52785,67,&$  =21$

*$5$17,=$548(/$6 $&7,9,'$'(6'(/*$' 081,&,3$/ (63(&,$/0(17(/$6 5(/$&,21$'$6&21 3/$1,),&$&,21 25'(1$0,(172 7(55,725,$/ )2508/$&,21'( 35(6838(672(175( /$635,1&,3$/(6 ,192/8&5(1/$ 3$57,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$(172'26 6861,9(/(6

&$3$&,7$&,21 (6',5,*,'$6$ /$&,8'$'$1,$

5(*8/$5<&21752/$5 /$6&216758&&,21(6(1 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 &$1721$/&21(63(&,$/ $7(1&,21$/$61250$6 '(&21752/<

)257$/(&,0,( 172$ -29(1(6

,03/(0(17$&,ร 1'(/ 352<(&72'( *(67,ร1 ,17(*5$/'( '(6(&+26 6ร/,'26



*$'5

7$//(5(63$5$ 62&,$/,=$5 25'(1$1=$6 081,&,3$/(6



*$'5

325&(17$-('( 35(',26&21 6(59,&,2'( 5(&2/(&&,ร1'( %$685$(1(/&$1721 52&$)8(57( (),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$ 3$5$6$1($0,(172( +,*,(1($0%,(17$/

 &$3$&,7$&,ร1 (17(0$6 5(/$&,21$'26 &21/$6 &203(7(1&,$6 081,&,3$/(6



*$'5

'27$&,ร1'( 81(63$&,2 )ร‹6,&23$5$/$ ,17(*5$&,ร1 -89(1,/ &$1721$/



*$'5



*$'5

3

*$'5

3

*$'5

3

*$'5

3

1ร’0(52'( &$3$&,7$&,21(6(1 7(0$65(/$&,21$'26 &21/$6 &203(7(1&,$6 081,&,3$/(6

325&(17$-('( 683(5),&,('( &216758&&,21 5(*,675$'$

 

 Pรกgina374de395




$*523(&8$5,$

35(9(1&,21'(5,(6*26 <'(6$675(6



*$'5

*$'5

3



*$'5

*$'5

3



*$'5

*$'5

3

*(67,213$5$ /$ &219(1,26 686&5,3&,ร1 3$5$/$ '(&219(1,2 &216758&&,ร1 3$5$ < &216758&&,ร 0$17(1,0,(17 1< 2'(/6,67(0$ 0$17(1,0,(17 9,$/'(/ 2'(/6,67(0$ &$17ร1 9,$/'(/ &$17ร1



*$'5*30



1ร’0(52'( &219(1,26 68%&5,726

*$'5<*30

(<3

75$=$'2 $3(5785$< &216758&&,ร1 '(18(9$6 9,$6(1/$ =21$85%$1$ '(/&$17ร1



*$'5



.0'(9,$618(9$6 (1/$=21$85%$1$

*$'5

3

5(*(1(5$&,ร 19,$/85%$1$ &216758&&,ร1 '($&(5$6< %25',//26



*$'5



*$'5

3



*$'5



*$'5

3

0(-25$0,(17 2( ,1&5(0(172 '(/26 6(59,&,26 081,&,3$/(6

686&5,%,5 &219(1,26 &21(/ *2%,(512 3529,1&,$/'( 0$1$%,3$5$ &216758&&,ร1 < 0$17(1,0,(17 2'(/6,67(0$ 9,$/'(/ &$17ร1+$67$ (/

0(-25$5/$ ,1)5$(6758&785$ 9,$/<&2%(5785$ '(/75(163257( 38%/,&248(3(50,7$ 6$7,6)$&(5/$6 1(&(6,'$'(6'(/$ 32%/$&,21

=21$85%$1$

*(1(5$58102'(/2'( 75$163257(3ร’%/,&2 (),&,(17(3$5$/$ 029,/,'$'25'(1$'$'( /$63(5621$6 *(67,21$5/$),50$'( &219(1,26&21(/*30

,1&5(0(17$5 $.0'( 9,$6(1/$ =21$85%$1$ +$67$(/

$/&$1=$5 /$(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5 ,$$18$/0(17( (1 0$17(1,0,(17 2'(9,$6 85%$1$6 +$67$(/

=21$85%$1$ =21$ $*52785,67,&$

=21$85%$1$

&216758,5 0(-25$5< 0$17(1(5/$ ,1)5$(6758&7 85$'( 3523,('$' 081,&,3$/ *(67,ร1 ,17(*5$/'(/ 6(59,&,2'( &(0(17(5,26 081,&,3$/(6 *(67,ร1 ,17(*5$/'(/ 6(59,&,2'(/ &$0$/ 081,&,3$/

0$17(1,0,(17 29,$/

(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$(1 0$17(1,0,(1729,$/  325&(17$-('(9ร‹$6 85%$1$6$'(&8$'$6

 

 Pรกgina375de395




/2*5$548( (/'(/$6 9ร‹$685%$1$6 6( (1&8(175(1 $'(&8$'$6$/ 

5(&216758&&, ร1'( (6758&785$ 9,$/< &2/2&$&,ร1 '(&$3$'( 52'$'85$

,1&5(0(17$/ $//$ (),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5 ,$3$5$ 75$16,72 7(55(675(< 6(*85,'$' 9,$/+$67$(/ 

6(f$/,=$&,ร1< 6(0$)25,=$&,ร 1(1(/ &$17ร1



*$'5

&$3$&,7$&,21( 6(1 6(*85,'$' 9,$/



*$'5

',60,18,5$ '( $&&,'(17(6'( 75$16,72 +$67$(/



*$'5



*$'5

3



(),&,(1&,$ 35(6838(67$5,$ 3$5$75$16,72 7(55(675(< 6(*85,'$'9,$/

*$'5

3



180(52'( $&&,'(17(6'( 75$16,72 5(3257$'26

*$'5

3

)20(172'( /$6(*85,'$' 9,$/(1(/ &$17ร1

=21$ $*52785,67,&$  =21$ $*523(&8$5,$  =21$'( &216(59$&,ร‘1< 352'8&&ร1  =21$85%$1$

*$5$17,=$5/$ ,17(5&21(&7,9,'$'</$ '27$&,ร1'( ,1)5$(6758&785$ $'(&8$'$'(&$/,'$'( ,1&/8<(17(3$5$(/862 '(*(67,ร1'( 75$16357(3ร’%/,&2< 0$6,92 *(67,21$5$17(/$ 32/,&,$1$&,21$/'( 75$16,72$173$5$ 0$17(1(581&21752/ &225',1$'2(1/$69,$6 '(/&$1721

$80(17$5$ /$ &$3$&,'$' 9(+,&8/$5'( 75$163257( 38%/,&2325 +$%,7$17( +$67$(/

35202&,ร‘1 '(/$ 029,/,'$' 25'(1$'$(1 (/&$17ร1

 *$'5

(678',2'( 1(&(6,'$''( 6(59,&,2'( 75$163257( 38%/,&2



(678',2'( )$&7,%,/,'$'< ',6(f2 '(),1,7,92'(/ 7(50,1$/ 7(555(675( '(/&$17ร1 52&$)8(57(



*$'5

&216758&&,ร1 '(/7(50,1$/ 7(55(675('(/ &$17ร1 52&$)8(57(



*$'5



3





&$3$&,'$' 9(+,&8/$5'( 75$163257(38%/,&2 325+$%,7$17(

*$'5

3

 

 Pรกgina376de395

3




&5($&,ร1'( 18(9$ &223(5$7,9$( ,1&5(0(172 '(38(6726(1 /$6 (;,67(17(6

,1&5(0(17$5 $/(/ ,1*5(62'( )81&,21$5,26 $75$9(6'( &21&8562'( 0(5,72< 2326,&,ร1(1 (/*$' 081,&,3$/ +$67$(/

0(-25$5/$&$/,'$' '(/266(59,&,26 38%/,&2648( 2)5(&((/*$'

352029(5/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$(1(/ &$17ร1



,1&5(0(17$5 $//$6 ,167$1&,$6'( 357,&,3$&,21 &,8'$'$1$(1 (/&$17ร1 +$67$(/



=21$85%$1$ =21$'( 352'8&&,ร1 =21$'( &216(59$&,ร1< 352'8&&,ร1 =21$ $*23(&8$5,$ =21$ $*52785,67,&$ =21$+80('$/



*$'5

5($/,=$5 &21&85626'( 0(5,72< 232&,6,21 3$5$&803/,5 &21/$6 &203(7(1&,$6 '(/*$'



*$'5

5($/,=$5 &$03$f$6'( &21&,(17,=$&, 21<&2%52 3259,$ &2$&7,9$'(/$ &$57(5$ 9(1&,'$'(/ *$'081,&,3$/



5($/,=$53/$1 '(-8%,/$&,21 '( &21)520,'$' &21/$/(<< 25'(11$=$ 081,&,3$/

0$17(1(5 ,1)250$'$$ /$&,8'$'$1ร‹$ ,03/(0(17$5816,67(0$ $75$9(6'( '(3$57,&,3$&,ร‘1 /260(',26 &,8'$'$1$3$5$(/ 7(&12/ร*,&2 (-(5&,&,2'(/26 6&21/26 '(5(&+26</$*(67,ร‘1 48(&8(17$ '(02&5ยฌ7,&$'(/$ (/*$'< $&&,ร‘1081,&,3$/ )20(17$5/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร 1&,8'$'$1$



352029(5(/ '(6$552//2 6867(17$%/(3$5$ *$5$17,=$5/$ 5($/,=$&,ร‘1'(/%8(1 9,9,5$75$9รŠ6'(/$ ,03/(0(17$&,ร‘1'( 32/รŽ7,&$63ร”%/,&$6(1 (/0$5&2'(686 &203(7(1&,$6 &2167,78&,21$/(6< /(*$/(6

0(-25$50,(1 72'(/26 6(59,&,26< /$$7(1&,ร1 $/$ &,8'$'$1,$ (1/$6 ',)(5(17(6 '(3(1'(1&,$ 6'(/*$' 081,&,3$/





325&(17$-('( 6(59,'25(6 38%/,&26 $'0,1,675$7,926&21 (/48('(%(5,$ &217$5(/*$'3$5$ 0(-25$5/$&$/,'$' '(6(59,&,2

*$'5

3

*$'5





*$'5

3



*$'5





*$'5

3

)20(17$5/$ 3$57,&,3$&,ร1 &,8'$'$1$



*$'5



325&(17$-('( ,167$1&,$ &21)250$'$<(1 )81&,21(6

*$'5

3

0$17(1(5 ,1)250$'$$ /$&,8'$'$1,$ '(/$*(67,21 '(/*$'



*$'5



*$'5

(

727$/



3





 

 Pรกgina377de395


  727$/'(/35(6838(672'(/3'\27



 &20321(17( %,2),6,&2 62&,2&8/785$/ (&2120,&2 $6(17$0,(1726+80$126 029,/,'$'(1(5*,$< &21(&7,9,'$' 32/,7,&2,167,78&,21$/< 3$57,&,3$&,21&,8'$'$1$ 727$/ 

35(6838(67286'       

  $*(1'$5(*8/$725,$  $FRQWLQXDFLyQVHLGHQWLILFDQODQRUPDWLYD\ORVLQVWUXPHQWRVTXHVHKDQSODQWHDGRSDUDOD FRQVHFXFLyQGHODYLVLyQFDQWRQDOORVREMHWLYRVHVWUDWpJLFRVODVPHWDVORVLQGLFDGRUHV\ODV SROtWLFDVGHO3'\27ODVPLVPDVTXHSXHGHQVHU2UGHQDQ]DV5HVROXFLRQHV$GPLQLVWUDWLYDV \5HJODPHQWRV

  



 Pรกgina378de395


  5.2.1 MATRIZDEAGENDAREGULATORIA.   COMPONENTE

OBJETIVO ESTRATEGICO

POLITICALOCAL &21752/$5(/862< 2&83$&,21'(/68(/2 *$5$17,=$1'2(/ $&&(62(48,7$7,92$68 862<3523,('$'

   

   V

5(*8/$5<&21752/$5 /$6&216758&&,21(6(1 /$6&,5&816&5,3&,21 &$1721$/&21(63(&,$/ $7(1&,21$/$61250$6 '(&21752/< 35(9(1&,21'(5,(6*26 <'(6$675(6 5(*8/$5/26 $6(17$0,(1726 +80$126,55(*8/$5(6

TIPODE INSTRUMENTO NORMATIVO

TITULO



     Ǥ    





      Ǥ      

OBJETIVO

  V

             

  



 Página379de395




5(*8/$5(/862'( 5,%(5$6</(&+26'( 5,26&21),1(6 5(&5($7,926<3$5$ $&7,9,'$'(6 (&21Ă?0,&$66,1 '(75,0(172'(/ $0%,(17(

         

(/$%25$5<$'0,1,675$5 /26&$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2685%$126< 585$/(6'(/&$1721

5(*8/$535(9(1,5< &21752/$5/$ &217$0,1$&,21 $0%,(17$/(1(/ 7(55,725,2&$1721$/'( 0$1(5$$57,&8/$'$&21 ,167$1&,$61$&,21$/(6 '(&21752/)250$5 0(6$6'(75$%$-2&21 0$(<*$'3529,1&,$/

5(*8/$5(/862'(5,%(5$6< /(&+26'(5,26&21),1(6 5(&5($7,926<3$5$ $&7,9,'$'(6(&21Ă?0,&$66,1 '(75,0(172'(/$0%,(17(







)250$&,21$'0,1,675$&,21< 9$/25$&,21'(/26&$7$67526 ,102%,/,$5,2685%$126< 585$/(6'(/&$1721 52&$)8(57(              

   Ǥ 

         





 

 PĂĄgina380de395




    COMPONENTE

OBJETIVO ESTRATEGICO

POLITICALOCAL       

    U วค

   วก  Vวก

   V

            V

      V    วค      วก             วก            วค

TIPODE INSTRUMENTO NORMATIVO

TITULO

OBJETIVO



    

  

     

  

 V    

 V      V  ศ€    

    V   V   

 V    

 V      V  ศ€    V       วก  V V  

   V  ศ€  

 

    V   V        V  ศ€    V         วก  V  V  

 

 Pรกgina381de395




   l   วก  วก     วก    วก       วก        วค

   วก            วค

 V    



 V      V  ศ€          วก  วก    V

   V  ศ€     

     วก  วก      V

  

         

  

            

 

 Pรกgina382de395




    

      วก             วค

 COMPONENTE

ECONOMICO

OBJETIVO ESTRATEGICO

MEJORARLAS CONDICIONES PRODUCTIVASYDE MERCADO.

POLITICALOCAL

TIPODEINSTRUMENTO NORMATIVO

PRESTARSERVICIOSQUE SATISFAGAN NECESIDADES COLECTIVASRELATIVAS RESOLUCION ALMANEJOYEXPENDIO ADMINISTRATIVA DEVIVERES,SERVICIOS DEFAENAMIENTO, PLAZASDEMERCADOS.

TITULO

OBJETIVO

ADJUDICACIร“NDECONTRATODE CONSTRUCCIONDELNUEVO MERCADODEABASTOSDE ROCAFUERTE.

MEJORARLAS CONDICIONESDE EXPENDIODEPRODUCTOS DEPRIMERANECESIDAD PARAASEGURARLA CALIDADDELOSMISMOS.

 

 Pรกgina383de395




GARANTIZARELUSOY MANTENIMIENTODE INFRAESTRUCTURAS PRODUCTIVASYDE RESOLUCION COMERCIALIZACIÓN ADMINISTRATIVA QUEMEJORENLA CALIDADDEVIDADELA POBLACIÓN

PROMOVEREL DESARROLLODELAS ACTIVIDADES PRODUCTIVAS, FOMENTANDOLA CREACIONY FUNCIONAMIENTODE ORGANIZACIONES ASOCIATIVAS COMUNITARIAS.

ORDENANZA

MEJORARLAS ADJUDICACIÓNDECONTRATODE CONDICIONESDE CONSTRUCCIONDELMERCADO TRABAJO,PROMOCIÓNY ARTESANALROCAFUERTE. COMERCIALIZACIÓNDE LASARTESANIASLOCALES.

REGULARLAACTIVIDAD TURISTICACANTONAL.

MEJORARLAATENCIÓNY ELSERVICIOTURISTICOS CANTONAL.

       

 Página384de395




 COMPONENTE

OBJETIVO ESTRATEGICO

POLITICALOCAL

   l   วก  วก     วก    วก         วก                  วค Vวค

    

TIPODE INSTRUMENTO NORMATIVO

     

TITULO

OBJETIVO

 V       V   V  ศ€     ศ€        l  วก   l    วก  วก วก      วก   วก    วก     วก   วก         วก             

               V    V  A  วก  ศ€    A     V    

  V          วค





 Pรกgina385de395




   COMPONENTE

  วก 

   

OBJETIVO ESTRATEGICO

       

POLITICALOCAL

 l        

 

    V

  วก 

   V l  

TIPODE INSTRUMENTO NORMATIVO

ศ€  V    

 V    

TITULO

OBJETIVO

      

    V

 V       V  ศ€    V   A V

  V

 V       V  ศ€    V   S      V

  V  ศ€    V         วก V  V 

    

 Pรกgina386de395




  COMPONENTE

  

      V  

OBJETIVO ESTRATEGICO

           

   

      U    V     U

POLITICALOCAL

           Ǥ

                    Ǥ

TIPODE INSTRUMENTO NORMATIVO

TITULO

OBJETIVO

 U    

ǣ      Vǡ           Ǥ

        



  ̶     V     V       V    

      V ̶

    U 

    

 Página387de395


 

3$57,&,3$&,21&,8'$'$1$

/D SDUWLFLSDFLyQ FLXGDGDQD HV XQ PHFDQLVPR TXH OD &RQVWLWXFLyQ GH OD  5HS~EOLFD GHO (FXDGRU HQ VX DUWtFXOR  GHWHUPLQD TXH (O (FXDGRU HV XQ (VWDGR &RQVWLWXFLRQDO GH 'HUHFKR \ -XVWLFLD VRFLDO GHPRFUiWLFR VREHUDQR LQGHSHQGLHQWH XQLWDULR LQWHUFXOWXUDO SOXULQDFLRQDO\ODLFRTXHODVREHUDQtDUDGLFDHQHOSXHEORFX\DYROXQWDGHVHOIXQGDPHQWR GH OD DXWRULGDG \ VH HMHUFH D WUDYpV GH ORV yUJDQRV GHO SRGHU S~EOLFR \ GH ODV IRUPDV GH SDUWLFLSDFLyQGLUHFWDSUHYLVWDVHQOD&RQVWLWXFLyQHVWDPLVPD&RQVWLWXFLyQHQVXDUWtFXOR LQFLVR VHJXQGR JDUDQWL]D  OD SDUWLFLSDFLyQ FLXGDGDQD HQ WRGRV ORV DVXQWRV GH LQWHUpV S~EOLFR OD PLVPD TXH VHUi HMHUFLGD D WUDYpV GH ORV PHFDQLVPRV GH OD GHPRFUDFLD SDUWLFLSDWLYDGLUHFWD\FRPXQLWDULD 4XHHO&RQFHMR0XQLFLSDOGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHFRQIHFKDGHMXQLRGHODxRHO &RQFHMR0XQLFLSDODSUREyODUHIRUPDWRWDODOD2UGHQDQ]DTXHUHJXODODFRQIRUPDFLyQGHO 6LVWHPD GH 3DUWLFLSDFLyQ &LXGDGDQD ORV SURFHVRV GH WUDQVSDUHQFLD \ ORV SURFHVRV GH SODQLILFDFLyQ SDUWLFLSDWLYD HQ HO *RELHUQR $XWyQRPR 'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR 0XQLFLSDO GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWHFRPRPHFDQLVPRHLQVWUXPHQWRGHSDUWLFLSDFLyQFLXGDGDQD\FRQVWUXFFLyQGHO SODQ GH GHVDUUROOR \ RUGHQDPLHQWR WHUULWRULDO DSHJDGR D ORV SULQFLSLRV  GH GHPRFUDFLD HTXLGDG GH JpQHUR \ JHQHUDFLRQDO SOXULQDFLRQDOLGDG LQWHUFXOWXUDOLGDG \ JDUDQWtD GH GHUHFKRV 4XHWRGRHOSURFHVRGHODHODERUDFLyQGHO3ODQGH'HVDUUROOR\2UGHQDPLHQWR7HUULWRULDOHQ VXV GLIHUHQWHV IDVHV TXH VRQ 'LDJQRVWLFR 3URSXHVWD \ 0RGHOR GH *HVWLyQ VH FRQYRFy \ FRQWR FRQ OD SDUWLFLSDFLyQ SURWDJyQLFD GH OD FLXGDGDQtD DSOLFDQGR GH HVWD PDQHUD ORV PHFDQLVPRV GH SDUWLFLSDFLyQ FLXGDGDQD FRQ TXH FXHQWD HO *$' 0XQLFLSDO GHO &DQWyQ 5RFDIXHUWH \ RWURV TXH HVWiQ HQ SURFHVR GH IRUPXODFLyQ  ORV PLVPRV TXH VH GHVFULEHQ D FRQWLQXDFLyQ

  



 Pรกgina388de395


5.3.1MATRIZDEMECANISMOSDEPARTICIPACIONCIUDADANAEXISTENTES NORMATIVAALAQUESE ANCLA

DISPOSITIVOS

NIVELDE ¿ES ALCANCE(NIVEL GOBIERNO ESTRUCTURADE MECANISMO VINCULANTE? DEINCIDENCIA) ALQUE FUNCIONAMIENTO DIRECTO/INDIRECTO APLICA ͲRepresentantesde Organizaciones Ciudadana  ͲAutoridadesElectas ͲRegimen Dependientes

Directo

SĂŹ

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

ͲCiudanÏaauto Convocada

Directo

No

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

ͲCiudanÏa ͲAutoridades Competentes

Directo

SĂŹ

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

CabildosPopulares

ͲCiudanÏa ͲAutoridades Competentes

Directo

No

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Cantonal

SillaVacĂ­a

ͲGAD ͲRepresentantes Ciudadanos/as

Directo

SĂŹ

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

SistemadeParticipacion Ciudadna

Instanciasde Participaciòn

AudenciaPĂšblica

4XHHO&RQFHMR0XQLFLSDOGHO &DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWHFRQIHFKD GHMXQLRGHODxRDSUREyOD UHIRUPDWRWDODOD³2UGHQDQ]DTXH UHJXODODFRQIRUPDFLyQGHO6LVWHPD GH3DUWLFLSDFLyQ&LXGDGDQDORV SURFHVRVGHWUDQVSDUHQFLD\ORV SURFHVRVGHSODQLILFDFLyQ SDUWLFLSDWLYDHQHO*RELHUQR $XWyQRPR'HVFHQWUDOL]DGR 0XQLFLSDOGHO&DQWyQ5RFDIXHUWH´ 3XEOLFDGDHQOD*DFHWD2ILFLDO 0XQLFLSDO\HQOD3iJLQDZHEGHOD LQVWLWXFLyQ

  



 PĂĄgina389de395




CONSEJOSCONSULTIVOS

ͲGAD ͲRepresentantes Ciudadanos/as

Directo

Sì

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

VeedurìasCiudadanas

ͲCiudadanìa

Directo

No

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

LOPC:Art.67a71;CRE:art.100numeral ͲAutoridades 3,267;COOTAD:art.3g;65b;145;304c ͲPersonalTecnico ENPROCESOLAELABORACIONDELA ͲCompetentes ORDENANZA

Directo

Sì

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

ͲCiudadanìaOrganizada anteelmàximoòrgano decisoriodela InstituciònuOrganismo concompentencia Normativa

Directo

Sì

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

ͲCiudanìa LOPC:Art.19al24;CRE:art.57numeral7 ͲAutoridades Competentes

Directo

Sì

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

ͲAutoridades ͲFuncionarios/as ͲCiudadanìa

Directo

No

Participantestiene vozyvoto

Todoslos Nivelesde Gobierno

Presupuestos Participativos

IniciativaPopular

ConsultaPopular

RendicióndeCuentas

ConsultaPreviae Informada

LOPC:Art.6al18;CRE:61numeral3

LOPC:Art.88al94;CRE:art.100, 206,208

ͲPueblosy LOPC:Art.81al83;CRE:art.57numeral Nacionalidades  7;COOTAD:art.141 ͲAutoridades Componentes













 Página390de395


 6(*8,0,(172<(9$/8$&,21  8QDYH]TXHVHKD\DDSUREDGRHO3'\27\VHSRQJDHQHMHFXFLyQHVWHSODQGHEHWHQHUXQ SURFHVR GH VHJXLPLHQWR \ HYDOXDFLyQ D ILQ GH YHULILFDU \ FXDQWLILFDU ORV UHVXOWDGRV GH ODV DFFLRQHV UHDOL]DGDV \ HO DYDQFH GH ODV PHWDV SURSXHVWDV SDUD GH HVWD PDQHUD SRGHU LGHQWLILFDU DOHUWDV WHPSUDQDV TXH SHUPLWDQ UHWURDOLPHQWDU ODV SROtWLFDV S~EOLFDV LPSODQWDGDV HQ HO WHUULWRULR \ DVt FRUUHJLU ORV SUREOHPDV HQFRQWUDGRV LGHQWLILFDQGR ODV FDXVDV \ FRQVHFXHQFLDVGHOLQFXPSOLPLHQWRGHODVPHWDVSURSXHVWDV  3DUD SRGHU PRQLWRUHDU HO FXPSOLPLHQWR GH ODV PHWDV HQ OD HMHFXFLyQ GH ORV SURJUDPDV SUR\HFWRV\DFWLYLGDGHVHOVHUYLGRUUHVSRQVDEOHGHOiUHDDODTXHFRUUHVSRQGHHOSURJUDPD SUR\HFWRXDFWLYLGDGGHEHHODERUDUXQLQIRUPHGHVHJXLPLHQWRHOPLVPRTXHGHEHFRQWHQHU DOPHQRVORVVLJXLHQWHVGDWRV x 6HJXLPLHQWRDOFXPSOLPLHQWRGHPHWDVGHO3'\27 $QiOLVLVGHODWHQGHQFLDGHORVLQGLFDGRUHV\HOGHFXPSOLPLHQWRGHODPHWDSDUD HODxR $QiOLVLVGHODVFDXVDVGHODVYDULDFLRQHVGHOLQGLFDGRU x 6HJXLPLHQWRGHODLPSOHPHQWDFLyQGHODVLQWHUYHQFLRQHV $QiOLVLV GHO DYDQFH ItVLFR R GH FREHUWXUD GH ORV SURJUDPDV \R SUR\HFWRV LPSOHPHQWDGRV $QiOLVLVGHODYDQFHSUHVXSXHVWDULRGHORVSURJUDPDV\RSUR\HFWRVLPSOHPHQWDGRV x &RQFOXVLRQHV\5HFRPHQGDFLRQHV(OLQIRUPHGHEHUiLQFOXLUFRQFOXVLRQHVUHVSHFWR GHORVUHVXOWDGRVREWHQLGRV\ODVUHFRPHQGDFLRQHVVREUHORVSUREOHPDVLGHQWLILFDGRV HQHODQiOLVLV    3DUDUHDOL]DUHOLQIRUPHVHYDQDXWLOL]DUODVVLJXLHQWHVPDWULFHVGHDQiOLVLV       



 Pรกgina391de395


 D  $QiOLVLVGHWHQGHQFLD\GHFXPSOLPLHQWRGHODPHWDSDUDHODxR  &21',&,21'(/,1',&$'25

&$7(*25,$'(/,1',&$'25

6L HO GDWR UHDO GHO LQGLFDGRU SDUD HO DxR GH DQiOLVLV HV



LJXDORVXSHULRUDODPHWDDQXDOL]DGD

,QGLFDGRUFXPSOLGR

6L HO GDWR UHDO GHO LQGLFDGRU SDUD HO DxR GH DQiOLVLV HV



LQIHULRUDODPHWDDQXDOL]DGDSHURFRQVHUYDODWHQGHQFLD

,QGLFDGRUFRQDYDQFHPHQRUGHORHVSHUDGR

HVSHUDGDSDUDHOLQGLFDGRU 6L HO GDWR UHDO GHO LQGLFDGRU SDUD HO DxR GH DQiOLVLV



UHJLVWUD XQD WHQGHQFLD RSXHVWD DO FRPSRUWDPLHQWR

,QGLFDGRUFRQSUREOHPDV

HVSHUDGR

'LUHFFLyQGHOLQGLFDGRU 

)yUPXOD GH FiOFXOR SDUD  GH FXPSOLPLHQWR GH OD PHWD

',5(&&,21

'(/ SDUDHODxRGHDQiOLVLV L 

,1',&$'25 &UHFLHQWH

0HWDDODxRL±YDORULQGLFDGRUDODxRL  [ 0HWDDODxRL

'HFUHFLHQWH

9DORULQGLFDGRUDODxRL±PHWDDODxRL  [ 0HWDDODxRL

 'RQGHLHVHODxRGHDQiOLVLVSRUHMHPSORVLVHDQDOL]DHODxRL  3RUFHQWDMHGHFXPSOLPLHQWRGHPHWD  





'(

,1',&$'25

',5(&&,21

'$726,1',&$'25

&803/,0,(172

,1',&$'25 1RPEUH

GHO

LQGLFDGRU

'(/$0(7$



9DORUGHOLQGLFDGRUDODxRL $



'HFUHFLHQWH

0HWDGHOLQGLFDGRUDODxRL %

$%

6,(10(125'(



 1RPEUH

GHO

LQGLFDGRU

   %



9DORUGHOLQGLFDGRUDODxRL $

&UHFLHQWH

0HWDGHOLQGLFDGRUDODxRL %

6,(60$<25'(

$% 

  

%

 





E  $QiOLVLVGHODYDQFHItVLFRRGHFREHUWXUDGHORVSURJUDPDV\RSUR\HFWRV 5DQJRVGHOGHDYDQFHItVLFR   

 Página392de395


 5$1*2'($9$1&(),6,&2<2

&$7(*25,$

&2%(5785$ 'HD

$YDQFH2SWLPR

'HD

$YDQFH0HGLR

'HD

$YDQFHFRQSUREOHPDV

   5DQJRVGHGHHMHFXFLyQSUHVXSXHVWDULD 5$1*2'((-(&8&,21

&$7(*25,$

35(6838(67$5,$ 'HD

(MHFXFLyQ2SWLPR

'HD

(MHFXFLyQ0HGLR

'HD

(MHFXFLyQFRQSUREOHPDV

   &20,6,215(63216$%/('(/6(*8,0,(172<&21752/  6HGHEHFRQIRUPDUXQD&RPLVLyQ5HVSRQVDEOHGHOVHJXLPLHQWR\HYDOXDFLyQGHO3'\27OD PLVPD TXH GHEH HVWDU GLUHFWDPHQWH YLQFXODGD FRQ OD Pi[LPD DXWRULGDG SDUD TXH HVWH HQ FRQVWDQWHFRPXQLFDFLyQVREUHHOFXPSOLPLHQWRGHODVPHWDV\HODYDQFHGHODHMHFXFLyQGH ORV3URJUDPDV\R3UR\HFWRV  (VWD &RPLVLyQ GHEH HVWDU FRRUGLQDGD SRU OD R HO UHVSRQVDEOH GH OD 'LUHFFLyQ GH 3ODQLILFDFLyQ\3UR\HFWRVGHO*$'\FRPRPLHPEURVGHODPLVPDHO$OFDOGHFRPRPi[LPD DXWRULGDG\ORV'LUHFWRUHVGHODVGLIHUHQWHViUHDVGHO*$'0XQLFLSDO  (VWDFRPLVLyQWHQGUiFRPRIXQFLRQHVODVVLJXLHQWHV x 'HVLJQDU XQ VHFUHWDULR R VHFUHWDULD TXLHQ PDQWHQGUi XQ DUFKLYR GH WRGRV ORV LQIRUPHV TXH SUHVHQWHQ ORV UHVSRQVDEOHV GH FDGD iUHD R VHFFLyQ &RQYRFDU D ORV PLHPEURV GH OD &RPLVLyQ D SHGLGR GHO $OFDOGH R GHO &RRUGLQDGRU R &RRUGLQDGRUD (ODERUDU RILFLRV PHPRUiQGXPV LQIRUPHV X RWUR GRFXPHQWR UHODFLRQDGR FRQ HO VHJXLPLHQWR\HYDOXDFLyQGHO3'\27 x /DFRRUGLQDFLyQ\VHJXLPLHQWRWpFQLFRLQWHUQRGHODHMHFXFLyQGHO3'\27 x $SOLFDFLyQGHHVWUDWHJLDVGHDUWLFXODFLyQFRQRWURVQLYHOHVGHJRELHUQRV

 

 Pรกgina393de395


 x 3UHSDUDU GRFXPHQWRV H LQIRUPHV SDUD VHU HO YtQFXOR FRQ HO &RQFHMR 0XQLFLSDO GHO *$'HQWHPDVGHO3'\27 x 3UHSDUDUGRFXPHQWRVHLQIRUPHVSDUDVHUHOYtQFXORFRQODV$VDPEOHDVFLXGDGDQDV HQWHPDVGHO3'\27 x 'HDFXHUGRDORVLQIRUPHVSUHVHQWDGRVSRGUtDLGHQWLILFDUODQHFHVLGDGGHDMXVWDUHO 3'\27HQWHPDVGHSURSXHVWD\HQODDJHQGDUHJXODWRULD  6HUHXQLUiQFRPRPtQLPRFDGDWULPHVWUH           



 

 Pรกgina394de395

Pdyot 2014 2019  
Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you