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BILLS THAT AFFECT CSU STUDENTS PAGE 4

Q&A WITH CJ BERINA PAGE 8

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THE VOTING ACT OF 1965 PAGE 9


LETTER EDITOR from the

Autonomy is the freedom to self-govern, while a democracy is to have a representative government. Today I had the privilege to vote, something I find important but can also feel meaningless. The average college student’s age ranges from 18 to 25 years old, which is also the age range with the lowest voter turnout. Less than half of Americans between 18 to 29 years old who could vote participated in the 2016 Presidential Election ... not great, right? Young voters are often characterized as lazy or uninformed but I don’t think that’s a fair judgement to make, nor a reason as to why young people don’t vote. I believe people my age feel as though their voices aren’t being represented in both national or local government that is dominated by old white men who have more conservative ideas compared to the youth of today. Their district leaders aren’t fighting for what they need nor make an effort to understand the community, especially for marginalized communities that have always been negatively affected regardless of what political party is in power. They feel forgotten about and shut out, so why would we vote? We want to be autonomous, to have the freedom to represent exactly what we want but in the democracy we live in I think the best way we can do that is be involved in it. We need to educate ourselves to pinpoint exactly where our local and national government lacks. We need to be present in our city council and representatives’ meetings so they know what we need, and call them out when they aren’t meeting the needs of their district. And maybe, just maybe, some of you will choose to run for some form of government, whether that be neighborhood council, city council, congress or much, much higher because the most effective way to fix the system is to be inside it. Our voice matters and our vision for this broken country matters more than ever. Thank you,

“Bernie” Page 10

Madison Parsley editor@csun.edu

Managing Visual Logan Bik Editor photo@csun.edu News Editor Gillian Moran-Perez city@csun.edu Assistant News Editor Kimberly Silverio-Bautista city@csun.edu Chief Copy Editor Ivey Mellem copydesk@sundial.csun.edu Copy Editors Munina Lam Pradnya Kalgutkar copydesk@sundial.csun.edu A&E Editor Ivan Salinas ane@csun.edu Assistant A&E Editor Deja Magee Moss ane@csun.edu Opinion Editor Michaella Huck opinion@csun.edu Features Editor Natalie Miranda Sports Editor Bryanna Winner sports_sundial@csun.edu Assistant Sports Editor Andres Soto sports_sundial@csun.edu Social Media Manager Natalie Fina sundialsocialmedia@sundial.csun.edu Production Manager Elaine Sanders Graphic Designer Ewan McNeil Illustrators Joelena Despard Matthew Lopez

Sales Representatives Pathik Patel Kelly Salvador Olivia Vakayil Estefano Vasquez

Editor-in-Chief

“Lundquist vs. Lee” Page 6

Editor-in-Chief

Video Editors Brendan Reed-Crabb Noelle Nakamura

Madison Parsley

“Improving Elections” Page 3

SUNDIAL STAFF

CONTENTS Gillian Moran-Perez

Orlando Mayorquin and Sloane Bozzi Logan Bik and Shae Hammond

What the Voter’s Choice Act is and why it matters.

The fight for the LA Council District 12 seat between a CSUN lecturer and a current councilmember.

Follow two Sundial photographers as they share a first-person view of covering a political rally just two days before Super Tuesday.

Sales Support HaoWen Hsueh Sundial Brand Studio Gabriel Krongold Distribution Lead Brendan Reed-Crabb Distribution Nicole Benda Isabel Muñoz-Orozco Publisher Arvli Ward arvli.ward@csun.edu General Manager Jody Holcomb jody.doyle@csun.edu Business Manager Sandra Tan sandra.tan@csun.edu Published weekly by the Department of Journalism at California State University, Northridge Manzanita Hall 140 18111 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91330-8258 News - 818-677-2915 | Advertising - 818-677-2998 Follow us on our social media:

Primaries 2020 Cover illustration by Matthew Lopez

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IMPROVING ELECTIONS Why The Voter’s Choice Act Matters QUICK FACTS

By Gillian Moran-Perez / Photography by Shae Hammond California is modernizing the way voters can participate in the elections by passing The Voter’s Choice Act back in 2016, a bill that allows counties to provide flexibility for when, where and how voters can cast their ballots during election season. The bill was implemented in 2018 where voters were given the option to return their ballot by mail, place it in a secure drop box location or vote in person at any vote center in their county. Only five counties were participating in the new election model. Now, as of Jan. 1, 2020, 10 more counties including Los Angeles County are allowing voters to have the option to vote up to 11 days, even on weekends, before the election at any vote center, according to the website lavote.net. This is a huge change to the previous restrictions that required voters to cast their vote in one day at their nearest polling station and early voting was limited to select locations. The new vote centers have also increased their language services, accessibility features and added an electronic pollbook that allows voters to cast their ballot at any vote center, replacing the print roster. As of now, 15 counties are participating in this new model. According to an independent study under Voter’s Choice California, the midterm elections in November 2018 saw a high voter turnout rate, especially among the counties that adopted the new policy, along with an increase of young, Latino and Asian American voters. In general, the turnout rate was higher than the 2014 elections, one of the lowest voter turnout rates since 1910. Although more California voters are non-

Latino white, the population of Latino/as and Asian Americans make up more than the total white population, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, which means candidates should be reaching out to these populations for their vote. As California moves to voting early, this creates a potential impact for the outcome on Super Tuesday. California typically takes a long time to count the ballots as seen back in 2016, when the total count took almost a month. However, early ballots this year will be counted first, which is a part of the initial counts that are announced on Election night.

As of February 2019, there are 5,396,890 registered voters in LA County The turnout rate for the 2018 November Election was 5,260,658, out of a total population of 10,283,729, a voter turnout rate of 52.75% The total number of registered voters in CA is 20.3 million The total population in CA is 39.5 million

LA County voters line up in Redwood Hall to cast their vote in the primaries on March 3.

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BILLS THAT AFFECT CSU STUDENTS From gig economy reforms to protecting immigrants, here are a few bills to keep an eye out for.

By Gillian Moran-Perez / Illustration by Matthew Lopez ASSEMBLY BILL 5 Assembly Bill 5 started off the journey to reclassify gig workers, who were misclassified as independent contractors, as employees to receive the same benefits such as minimum wage, workers compensation and unemployment insurance. The companies most affected have been DoorDash, Uber and Lyft as workers protested in support back in July 2019. However, 34 separate pieces of legislation related to AB 5 were introduced recently as author Assemblywoman Lorena Gonzalez works to revise certain aspects, as reported in the LA Times. Independent contractors from various professions, such as freelance writers, journalists, physical therapists and court reporters, voice concerns over the bill as the outcome has taken away their businesses. Court reporter Cynthia Gordon said she has met with people from various professions that have been negatively affected by the bill and for workers like her, the bill is “a serious impact to what we make in general, a major threat to our availability to earn income in the future if all these agencies have to get audited.” She fears the bill could cause people to become homeless if they are left without a way of living.

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ASSEMBLY BILL 1460 Authored by Shirley Weber and David Chiu, Assembly Bill 1460 requires an Ethnic Studies course requirement in the California State University system to “ensure their graduates are exposed to the cultural competencies and social justice history of the United States,” according to the bill. The bill would require the three-unit Ethnic Studies course as a graduation requirement without increasing the number of units to graduate. AB 1460 served as a response to CSU Chancellor Timothy P. White’s Executive Order 1100 that would cap General Education credits at 48 units, which affected the demand for Ethnic Studies. The bill is currently still on the Senate floor.

ASSEMBLY BILL 1314 Also known as the Cal Grant Reform Act, Assembly Bill 1314 would implement five reforms: 1) put Cal Grant A, B, C and the Middle Class Scholarship under one program; 2) Remove/reduce eligibility and access barriers for the Cal Grant Program; 3) Alter the program to include the total cost of attendance, including housing, food, and books, along with tuition and systemwide fees for CSUs and UCs; 4) Restore a formula for an annual adjustment to the maximum Cal Grant award for students who attend private nonprofit institutions; and 5) Support additional Cal Grant eligibility for students attending school during the summer.

AMERICAN DREAM AND PROMISE ACT Introduced in May of 2019, the ADPA would cancel the removal of certain immigrants while also guaranteeing a path to citizenship, whose status might have been in jeopardy under the Trump administration’s decision to end DACA. The bill will also extend Temporary Protected Status and Deferred Enforcement Departure, giving relief to 2.5 million immigrant youth and those under TPS and DED. The bill passed the U.S. House of Representatives on June 4, 2019 with a 237-187 vote and is currently on its next step to be voted on the Senate floor.

ANE@CSUN.EDU


SUNDIAL ° MARCH 4 - 10, 2020

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LUNDQUIST VS. LEE: THE FIGHT FOR DISTRICT 12 LORAINE LUNDQUIST

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r. Loraine Lundquist was 12 years old when she began giving her allowance to The Nature Conservancy, a nonprofit environmental group. Fast-forward 31 years, the 43-year-old CSUN faculty associate is now running to represent District 12, which spans the northwest section of the San Fernando Valley, on the Los Angeles City Council. A love for nature characterized much of Lundquist’s childhood. With a career army officer for a father, Lundquist says her family moved around a lot whenever he was reassigned. One thing that remained constant, according to the New Mexico native, is the affinity she developed for the environment when visiting national parks with her family as a child. “That’s the place I came to just grow and love nature and the world we live in,” Lundquist said. That admiration for the environment has guided much of Lundquist’s professional work in the last decade and now it’s one of the key tenets of her campaign. Her campaign’s logo features a tree, after all. Lundquist graduated with a Ph.D. in physics from UC Berkeley in 2006 before going on to do work as a research scientist at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, where she was sent to Tokyo, Japan to work on a satellite mission with the Japanese equivalent of NASA, Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency.

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JOHN LEE

CSUN lecturer running on a platform sustainability.

Current council member running for re-election.

By Orlando Mayorquin / Photography by Elaine Sanders

By Sloane Bozzi / Photo courtesy of John Lee

She moved to District 12 in 2009 after her husband, a fellow Berkeley graduate, secured a job teaching geoscience at CSUN. Lundquist, who lives in Northridge, became a CSUN lecturer four years later, teaching courses on astrophysics before she shifted her focus to the environment. That shift awakened her drive for candidacy and her career today. She now works for CSUN’s Institute for Sustainability and teaches courses for the sustainability minor. “I knew climate change was real. I knew it was important, but when I started to dive into the research papers, I realized I hadn’t gotten it before,” Lundquist said. “I hadn’t understood how urgent the situation was and frankly how dire the prospects were for my kids and my students.” The idea to run for city council took root during the closing months of 2015 in the midst of the largest gas leak in U.S. history at the Aliso Canyon Storage Facility near Porter Ranch. The leak went on from October 2015 to February 2016 and caused thousands of Porter Ranch residents to evacuate their homes. “I literally had students with nosebleeds in my class. It was such a visceral example of the dangers of fossil fuels in so many different ways,” Lundquist said. She helped organize community protests that demanded the shutdown of the facility. Lundquist describes her experience with Mitchell Englander, a District 12 councilmember at the time, as problematic. “He was very unresponsive to our concerns. He was dismissive of our community. It was a very frustrating experience and a lot of folks who felt we need a change in our representation,” Lundquist said. The decision to run for city council fell into place in October 2018, when a number of events signaled to Lundquist that she had to run. First, she was involved in an accident that totaled her car. “It was a watershed moment for me. I didn’t have any injuries, but my car was totaled and I just was really cognizant of my own mortality and thinking about this short time that we have here on earth and what I wanted to do with that time,” Lundquist said. “I was really not sure what the answers could be.” The following week, the United Nations released a report stating the world has until 2030 to limit irreversible damage from climate change. “When that report came out, it was really clear to me that I wanted to continue working on climate issues and

making that my focus. I didn’t know exactly in what capacity I wanted to do,” Lundquist said. Later that same week, Englander announced his resignation from the LA City Council. “I knew there would be a special election and it wasn’t very long after that I decided to run for that seat,” Lundquist said. Lundquist ran in that 2019 special election. Although the city council is a non-partisan office, Lundquist is openly a Democrat and has been endorsed by the Los Angeles County Democratic Party. She lost to current District 12 councilmember John Lee by three percentage points in a runoff election in August. Lundquist plans to center much of her work on the city council around sustainability. She has endorsed LA’s equivalent of the Green New Deal, a plan to reduce non-renewable energy, proposed by LA Mayor Eric Garcetti. She also supports the North Valley Bus Rapid Transit project which could possibly bring a bus lane through Nordhoff Street just in front of CSUN. Lundquist’s plan to address the homelesness crisis includes using funds from Proposition HHH to fund “supportive housing for the homeless.” The Northridge resident has branded herself as the anti-status quo candidate, taking pride in not being a politician. However, Lundquist came under fire recently for having attended and taught at Principia College, which, until 2014, had a policy of not admitting or employing openly gay people. A campaign email defended Lundquist, citing her co-founding of a club that opposed the policy. “I had an early chance to stand up and do what I knew was right, even when in an environment that didn’t agree with what I was thinking,” Lundquist said. She says that she was also openly against the policy when she returned to the school as a professor. Lundquist has received the support from the Stonewall Democratic Club, an organization that advocates LGBTQ+ causes and views the criticisms as desperate smears from her opponents. “The profound dishonesty of these allegations only shows how desperate the other side is to suppress the democratic vote, especially young people’s vote,” she said. She hopes her candidacy will help pave the way for better representation in politics. “I think we need more women in office. I think we need more moms in office,” said Lundquist, a mother of three young children. “I think we need more scientists in office. I hope that more young women and scientists are inspired to run for office, because we need their voices.”

CITY@CSUN.EDU

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ays away from the California primary election, nerves are no concern for Councilmember John Lee. He just ants to finish what he started in August 2019. Lee is running as an incumbent council member of the 12th Council District after winning the special election last August. The council race is nonpartisan, and candidates’ political affiliation will not show up on the ballot. Lee dropped his Republican registration to become an unaffiliated candidate, because he wants to maintain an independent voice at City Hall. “I feel good,” Lee said. “And now just looking forward to Tuesday being over and really focusing on the long term goals that we need to work towards.” Lee grew up in the 12th District, which includes Porter Ranch, Chatsworth, Northridge, North Hills, Granada Hills, Sherwood Forest, Reseda and West Hills. “Now actually Council District 12 is one of the most diverse communities,” Lee said. “I’m very proud of this diversity.” The son of South Korean immigrants, Lee attributes his work ethic and interest in public service to his parents. “My work ethic is definitely from my mom,” Lee said. “She opened up a store and that one little small business gave me and my brother every single opportunity we have in this world.” Lee reflected on lessons from his father, giving examples of racism his father faced after immigrating to Kentucky and later to the San Fernando Valley. Lee believes his father sparked his interest in public service, and taught him that change should be made from the inside. After attending various local schools, Lee attended CSUN. He continued on to serve District 12 under councilmembers Joel Wachs and Grieg Smith. Lee had worked as chief of staff for the previous councilmember, Mitchell Englander, before taking his place. One of Lee’s priorities when he assumed office was keeping the council district safe and continuing beautification efforts. As a resident of Porter Ranch, Lee’s family was evacuated during the Saddleridge wildfire. Lee had already begun relief efforts for evacuees displaced by the wildfire when he decided to call his own family

SUNDIAL

MARCH 4 - 10, 2020

to evacuate their home. Lee’s family also evacuated for four months during the 2015 Aliso Canyon Gas Leak, the largest methane release in U.S. history. Being a victim of these emergencies himself, Lee made it a priority to make headway on getting the SoCalGas Aliso Canyon facility shut down to prevent future disasters for his district. “Honestly, it’s those moments when you’re helping the community when you know you’re making a really direct, immediate impact,” Lee said. Lee’s office receives over 30 calls per day regarding service requests and clean up. He takes pride in the quick response time, whether it’s doing a trash cleanup or removing graffiti around the community. One of the hotly-debated issues in Lee’s council district is how to address the homelessness issue. Rather than starting with providing housing to people living on the streets, Lee believes in dealing with mental health and drug addictions first. “For the past few years, we’ve heard of this housing first model,” Lee said. “And I just don’t think that’s the correct way to approach this crisis that we are experiencing right now. I think we have a mental illness crisis going on, and I think we have a drug addiction crisis going on and we need to address those issues.” Lee believes that repealing Proposition 47 would allow the police to more effectively process homeless criminals in the community. The proposition currently allows for drug and theft crimes up to $950 to be classified as misdemeanors rather than felonies, as long as the defendant had no prior violent crime records. “I do not want to make criminal activity for people who live on the streets,” Lee said. “But at the same time if people are committing crimes, then yes we need to have laws that allow us to address it. When officers are filling out paperwork, it takes them longer to fill out paperwork than it does for people to be processed in and out of the system.” Lee understands there are only so many officers available to serve in District 12, but he wants to secure funds to make more overtime available to officers at the Devonshire division to address high crime areas. “I think the reason why the men and

women of the LAPD and the LA Fire Department have endorsed my campaign is because they’re truly hoping for a different voice on the City Council,” said Lee. During his time as chief of staff for Englander in 2014, both Englander and Lee were accused of sexual harassment by a former aide working in the office. The aide alleges that Lee made sexual jokes and declined to offer her a job on the basis of her being a woman. “She had alleged that I had made certain comments and that the city failed to follow certain procedures,” Lee said. “I was dismissed from the case, and then the city settled on the case.” The city paid $75,000 to settle the lawsuit. “I’m very proud of my record,” Lee said. “I’m a son of a strong business woman, I have a daughter of my own, who I support in whatever she wants to do. I really truly reject the notion that we somehow ran an unprofessional office.” Although he has years of experience in public service, Lee knows his re-election would allow him to make more decisions for the community he’s known nearly his whole life. “Now you’re the one making the decisions that are going to affect people’s lives,” Lee said. “That little bit of a difference definitely hits you when you sit down in that chair.”

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Q&A WITH CONGRESSIONAL CANDIDATE CJ BERINA By Ivan Salinas / Photo courtesy of CJ Berina erything from a Eurocentric type of view or an imperialist American type of view. So we’re all learning about race and racism as kids, and if they erase it, they’re not doing it in middle school or high school and erase it from college. Everything that Trump is doing right now, like a lot of this racist stuff, who’s going to fight against that? No one will. People will be so blind to it because they’re not learning about these things.

If you currently live in any of the neighborhoods west of Interstate 405 in the San Fernando Valley, you probably came across congressional candidate CJ Berina. The Valley born-and-raised candidate campaigned in the 2020 elections to represent California’s 30th Council District in Congress. As a 30-year-old progressive Democrat, Berina has promised to fight for the San Fernando Valley people on issues like climate change, free college tuition, ending gun violence, immigration reform and other issues affecting the local community. A former CSUN student having graduated with a bachelor’s degree in Asian American studies, Berina’s resume spans from a few entrepreneurial endeavors to being part of neighborhood councils. Now, the candidate is aiming to unseat current representative Brad Sherman. The Sundial spoke with Berina to get a better idea of what the candidate thinks about the role he is committing to, if he were to win, while also learning of his background and the connection he has with the San Fernando Valley.

WHAT WOULD YOUR ROLE BE AS A REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SAN FERNANDO VALLEY?

My role is to be our representative in Washington. So when a bill comes to the table, I vote yes or no on it. I try to get different legislation in there, or I can introduce my own legislation as well. But the role there is to push things, push the conversation at the national level for what our district wants and needs.

DO YOU THINK THAT BERNIE SANDERS’ POLICIES ALIGN WITH YOUR POLITICAL IDEOLOGY?

WHAT CONNECTION DO YOU HAVE TO CSUN?

I was an Asian American studies major here. I took a class in ethnic studies, and basically there you learn a lot about things like racism, systemic racism, institutional racism. It actually wasn’t even my first choice. My first choice was business, but I failed math class ... I tried to get involved on campus as much as possible so I joined a fraternity on campus, Pi Kappa Alpha. I eventually became the vice president there, and then I became the president of the Filipino American student association. That’s kind of where I learned leadership skills and it was training me to be an activist.

WHAT WERE SOME OF THE WAYS YOU BEGAN TAKING AN INTEREST IN POLITICS?

I wasn’t always politically involved. When I was a kid, my dad would always like to put the newspaper in front of my face. And he’d say, “Read this,” like, pay attention. And when you’re a 12-year-old, you’re in the sixth grade, you read about politics, and you’re like, “I have no idea what this is.” I read it because my dad was trying to teach me a lesson ... As far as California politics, I was kind of paying attention. I was still reading, I was reading articles every now and then about Arnold Schwarzenegger, and the debt we were in and all that stuff, but it didn’t really hit me. And then in 2008, we had the financial crash and stuff like that. That’s kind of when I started getting a little bit more politically aware.

I UNDERSTAND YOU HAD ENTREPRENEURIAL ENDEAVOURS IN THE SFV, WHAT WERE THEY?

I opened my store a block away from Nordhoff and Reseda and it is called Collective Lifestyle. We had a purpose of providing fashion, music, art and live events for the Valley. We had open mic nights, music nights, art shows. The local council member’s office asked us to apply for a grant and we got $15,000 the first year, $10,000 the next year, $8,000 the next year. We threw block parties and on our biggest night, we had over 3,000 people.

HOW DID YOUR EXPERIENCE IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD COUNCIL INFLUENCE YOU?

I met with some of the community leaders in the area. It was like really getting to know local politics at

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CSUN alumnus, CJ Berina, is a 30-year-old progressive Democrat candidate running for a seat for California’s Congress representing District 30.

a very, very local community-based level. We did park cleanups, allocated budgets to certain groups, every neighborhood council has a certain amount of money that they’re allowed to spend every year and they can spend it throughout the community. I also worked with Mitchell Englander and Chris Sales — he’s actually a professor here at CSUN. Chris asked me to be on the committee called Northridge Vision 2025 that focused on urban planning for the area.

DOES YOUR POLITICAL IDEOLOGY MATCH WITH THE PEOPLE YOU’VE WORKED WITH SO FAR? Our congressional district usually votes Democrat 75% of the time. But we are probably one of the more conservative democratic districts, but I think it depends where you’re talking about, like Sherman Oaks is probably more conservative. People 65 and over, they get a little bit more conservative. You know, maybe in your 40s and 50s, you get more liberal. And then obviously, 18 to 32 year olds, those are going to be very progressive types of people.

MANY OF THE PEOPLE YOU WORK WITH ARE MUCH OLDER THAN YOU, HAS THAT AFFECTED YOU?

They probably do see me as someone they’re mentoring, but a lot of people see me as someone that’s doing good stuff in the neighborhood. And they give me the respect as well. So I don’t think anyone really looks down at me. I feel like even if there’s some Republicans and some people are more conservative, I’ve earned some of their endorsements and me being a different age or from another political party has swayed them away.

AS SOMEONE WHO WENT INTO ETHNIC STUDIES, WHAT IS YOUR STANCE ON AB 1460?

I think it’s really important because they’re not teaching ethnic studies in high school, not to the degree of what we are doing here ... If you remember your old school books, and in middle school, they don’t really cover race and racism at all. They just tell you ev-

A lot of mainstream media are bought by oligarchs and stuff. So mainstream media tell us that his ideas are too radical. But to be honest, most of America actually agrees with his ideas more than any other candidate and that’s why he’s winning. He’s the only candidate not taking money from corporations, so he’s finally fighting for the people.

WHY DID YOU DECIDE TO RUN FOR A SEAT IN WASHINGTON RATHER THAN RUNNING FOR SOMETHING LIKE LA CITY COUNCIL?

My friend Loraine Lundquist decided she was going to run. To be honest if she hadn’t said she was running, I was considering it. There’s a lot of factors at hand for that position. I think a lot of it is the LADWP, their union is spending a lot of money to not have Loraine Lundquist in there. And I think it goes down to (her) being a candidate for sustainability, she wants green clean energy and I don’t think it’s possible to have that and also keep all the LADWP jobs so it’s this thing between fighting to save the planet or doing systematic changes, but then that puts people at risk of losing their jobs.

WHAT MESSAGE DO YOU HAVE FOR YOUTH VOTERS OUT THERE?

In 2016, less than 46% of 18 to 32 year olds voted. And now there’s a lot at stake on the ballot, like climate change, the future of our planet, and tuition-free college and canceling student debt should be enough for every single college student to go out and vote.

WHY SHOULD WE TRUST YOU AS A CANDIDATE WANTING TO REPRESENT THE VOICE OF THE SAN FERNANDO VALLEY, NATIONALLY? Probably because I’m a person from the community born and raised here. I feel like a lot of people know me and you can check out my Instagram or Collective Lifestyle and you could see how we really did it for fashion, music, art and live events for the Valley. You could see how many music shows we had and I’m on Google, you can Google me. But I think how you could really trust the candidate, it goes back to money in politics, see who’s funding their campaign, and you’ll see that no corporations are funding my campaign. It comes out of goodwill for and by the people.

CITY@CSUN.EDU


THE VOTING ACT OF 1965

EMT EDUCATION FOR THE BEST

The act that put an end to voting discrimination against minority communities. By Michaella Huck Prior to 1965, voting for those in minority communities was not easy. Literacy tests and other legal barriers were put up to suppress Black and other minority groups, particularly in southern states. After the assasination of President John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson assumed office and started to implement multiple domestic programs, also known as the “Great Society.” The aim of the programs was to eliminate racial injustice and poverty in the U.S. While President Johnson’s domestic politics were often shadowed by the outcome of the Vietnam War, he implemented programs which gave communities of color more rights. One of the most influential of those was the Voting Rights Act of 1965. While voting was granted to all U.S. citizens with the 15th Amendment, there were still blockades put in place to increase difficulties of getting to the booth. Poll taxes were required for individuals to be able to enter the voting booth. This hindered poor Blacks, as well as poor whites, from voting. While this was made illegal in 1964, there was still one key barrier aside from discrimination that existed: literacy tests. Questions like, “Draw a triangle with a blackened circle that overlaps only its left corner,” and “Spell backwards, forwards,” were disportionately administered to Black voters to prove their ability to read ballots. Pressure was put on the federal government with the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches in Alabama. Peaceful protesters marched for voting rights and commemorated the death of Jimmy Lee Jackson, an activist killed at the hands of state troopers days prior, were met by Alabama Highway Patrol, who attacked protesters with tear gas and whips. Today, this event is known as Bloody Sunday. Following Bloody Sunday, President Johnson released a televised public broadcast pushing for peace. He urged legistors to push a bill that expanded voting rights for all, closing his remarks with, “We shall overcome.” On March 17, 1965, literacy tests were banned and higher consequences for voting discrimination were put in place by the Voting Act of 1965. In the 2016 election, Black voter turnout sat at 65% according to data.gov.

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BERNIE

Follow two Sundial photographers as they share a first-person view of covering a political rally just two days before Super Tuesday. Story and Photography by Logan Bik and Shae Hammond Bernie Sanders, along with celebrities Sarah Silverman and Dick Van Dyke, spoke to a crowd of around 15,000 strong about Sanders’ campaign’s main points on Sunday, March 1. To wrap it all up, activist rap group Public Enemy showed their support with a concert and a few messages. Logan: Walking up to the convention center, Shae and I circled the large industrial building, meeting photographers who were also struggling to find the media entrance. Once we finally got in, tight security led to long lines and small conversations with other journalists around us. One of those was Carlos Gonzales, a CSUN alumni, now freelancing with Rolling Stone.

Shae: I have always been ashamed that I had never been to a political rally. As a journalism student, it is almost a requirement to at least go once to watch and listen. When I stepped into the south hall of the convention center, excitement flowed into my hands gripping my camera. Because Logan and I had press credentials, there was confusion as to whether we should stay in the enclosed media area with the broadcast crews or navigate our way amongst the crowd.

Senator Bernie Sanders addresses the nearly 15,000 deep crowd on March 1, speaking about the main points of his campaign. Photo: Logan Bik

Logan: We chose to split up, I went as close to the stage as possible. Behind me, the barricades held back thousands of Sanders’ supporters. In front of me, nearly 30 photographers competed for angles, as the opening speakers began to take the stage. On one hand I knew I was going to get a clean shot once Sanders got on stage, but on the other hand, I wanted a photo that stood out from the rest that were being taken all around me.

Bernie supporters cheer as Sanders speaks on stage at the Los Angeles Convention Center in Los Angeles. Photo: Shae Hammond

Logan: As comedian Sarah Silverman was giving her speech, she touched on a couple different topics, but focused on Sanders’ label as a socalist. “You like calling the fire department when there’s a fire? You like sending your kids off to school in the morning? You like driving on roads? You like having a military? These are socialist programs,” said Silverman. “Bernie just wants to expand them, so that people who have

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not been given the same opportunities as you and me, can have the same opportunities as you and me.” As Silverman was getting the crowd excited, one of Sanders’ staff members kicked all of us out of the small section in between the barricade and stage, stirring up confusion amongst fellow photographers. With little to no communication from the staff, the photographers were unclear if we were

going to be let back in. Nearly 15 minutes later, just before Sanders was to take the stage, we were told that there were just too many of us up front. They finally let us back in, split up into groups, where we got five minutes during Sanders’ speech, to get the photos we needed. One group would go during the walkout, and the other would go during the middle of his speech. I got wrapped up in the second group, during his speech.

Shae: Before anyone stepped on stage, I wandered around the perimeter of the growing crowd for what seemed like hours, yet to take a photo worth sharing. I knew that I would get trapped within the mass of people if I were to go squeeze in before speakers presented, but I also dreaded being trapped too far from the stage. More than anything, even water, I wanted a clear picture of Bernie Sanders. So I began to squeeze through children, teenagers and adults, stepping over Bernie admirers sitting on the concrete floor with their signs at their feet. Carrying two camera bodies around my neck while navigating through a packed crowd is not an easy task. I was thankful to find a spot in the pit that offered a possibility of a clear shot at Bernie’s podium, however, a woman’s curly, brown hair just in front of me left a small window of opportunity for decent photos.

Thousands of Sanders supporters funnel into the south entrance of the LA Convention Center. Photo: Logan Bik

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Shae: As Dick Van Dyke stumbled through his speech saying, “Where was I ... looking back ... What was I going to say?” I stood tall on my toes, bobbing side to side for a clear shot of the 94-yearold actor. I had been standing with the same group of people for nearly three hours, an elementary school boy with his mother, a family with their 13-year-old daughter, and an affectionate couple. My photos were not improving and I became antsy, so I decided to move before Sanders went on stage. I shuffled towards the edge of the pit near the VIP section, where I paused to look through my viewfinder at the stage. Out of the corner of my eye, I recognized Alex Karpovsky, an actor from the HBO television show, “Girls.” We chatted briefly before Sanders walked onto the stage, Karpovsky’s smile and genuine interest in my photojournalism was encouraging. Jokingly, he offered to take some photos for me since he was clearly much taller and had a better view. As

Sanders began speaking I turned towards Karpovsky and said, “I’ll be your friend if I can trade spots with you.” He smiled and allowed me an attempt for a better view. His friends surrounding him were helpful in making room for my cumbersome cameras and backpack, although nothing they did could rectify the fact that I am short. As I was hopping on my toes with my camera far above my head spraying and praying, a man with kind brown eyes came from behind me and asked, “Do you want a lift?” I looked at him with curiosity, so he asked again, “Would you like me to put you on my shoulders?” Without any hesitation, I said, “Yes!” So I handed Karpovsky one of my cameras and another Bernie supporter my backpack and climbed onto the man’s shoulders! It was so freeing. Rising above the crowd for the first time, I was able to finally get the shot I so desired. The surrounding crowd laughed at the sight of a photographer sitting on someone’s shoulders.

Senator Sanders waves to the crowd as his speech comes to an end. Photo: Logan Bik

Logan: Up close to Sanders, I was able to see every inflection in his facial expression as he spoke with passion. “We’re going to invest in our young people, in jobs and education. Not more jails, not more incarceration,” Sanders explained. With the supporters right behind me, I was able to see their reactions to everything Sanders said. Whenever he mentioned something to do with corporate greed, the diverse crowd booed. Whenever Sanders mentioned something about his policies they raised their signs into the air cheering loud, often chanting “Bernie! Bernie! Bernie!” As my short five minutes near the Democratic candidate ran up, I was escorted away from the stage, once again by Sanders’ staff. I was sure I got the shot. As everything was wrapping up, I began interviewing Bernie supporters to get a sense of their thoughts on the rally.

Brandon Urbina, a 21-year-old LA resident who voted for the Vermont Senator in 2016, continued to show support for the 2020 primary election. “All the speakers did a great job conveying the message that Senator Bernie Sanders’ campaign is all about,” said Urbina. “I think California is solidly in favor of him, but I think it’s still nice that he came out here and riled up the base.” Shae: As Sanders’ speech ended with, “Let us go forward, let’s defeat Trump, let’s transform this country, thank you very much.” I kindly asked the man to bring me down knowing that I got the shot needed. Upon placing my feet on the ground, the group surrounding congratulated me and I thanked the kind man who generously uplifted me. Walking away from the pit a woman exclaimed, “You go girl, I’m a photographer too and that’s how it’s done!” Sundial photographer Shae Hammond taking a photo atop of a stranger’s shoulders at the Bernie Sanders Rally. Photo: Logan Bik

Sanders speaks in fron of thousands of supporters at a rally two days before Super Tuesday on. Photo: Shae Hammond

SUNDIAL CLASSIFIEDS EMPLOYMENT

Bernie supporters came to the rally dressed in custom Bernie memorabilia at the. Photo: Shae Hammond

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WHO DID YOU VOTE FOR ON SUPER TUESDAY? By Gillian Moran-Perez

DEMOCRATS

JOE BIDEN

“THE BIDEN PLAN”

• Like Bloomberg, Biden supports the public option to opt into Medicare. His argument is that public insurance would compete with private insurance, thus creating more affordable insurance options with lower rates. Biden has been a fan of the Affordable Care Act since day one. • His campaign rhetoric looks at expanding the earned tax income credit for older workers and fighting against age discrimination they face in the workforce. • In terms of justice, Biden aims to end the criminalization of poverty such as imprisoning people for being too poor to pay their fines and end cash bail. He also wants to invest $1 billion in juvenile justice reform and provide housing to the formerly incarcerated upon re-entry. • His argument on gun defense is simple: “Defeat the NRA again” by starting universal background checks for purchasing firearms and flushing out more detailed plans.

BERNIE SANDERS

THE YOUNG PROGRESSIVE’S HOPE

• In last week’s democractic debate, Sanders made big moves by recognizing the uncomfortable truth — the U.S. government is responsible for overthrowing governments in countries such as Chile, Guatemala and Iran. • Sanders’ most compelling argument, along with Warren’s, is to guarantee tuition to public colleges, and other institutions by expanding the Pell Grant to cover nontuition costs. He promises to cancel student loan debt by taxing Wall Street speculation that will raise an estimated $2.4 trillion to pay off the debt. • Sanders backs the Green New Deal. He wants to provide $200 billion on the Green Climate Fund and rejoin the Paris Agreement. • Also supports the Paycheck Fairness Act and appointing federal judges that will uphold protections for women.

MICHAEL BLOOMBERG

THE BILLIONAIRE MAN WITH A GREEN PLAN

• Bloomberg’s billionaire platform looks largely at combating climate change, which promises to cut carbon pollution in the U.S. economy 50% by 2030. His goal is to have 100% pollution-free construction for homes and buildings by 2025. • He’s working on criminal justice “Mike’s Way,” by cutting incarceration rates 50% by 2030 and implementing probation with re-integration. • He promises to sign the Campus Accountability and Safety Act, which sets a uniform process for disciplinary proceedings on campus sexual assault and enforce penalties on campuses who fail to report cases to the government. • Lastly, Bloomberg’s campaign has been marked by his meme rhetoric, which he is using to reach younger audiences.

REPUBLICANS

ROQUE DE LA FUENTE “ROCKY 101,” THE SAN DIEGO BILLIONAIRE

• De la Fuente’s views on healthcare look at lowering costs, improve and maintain the quality, and create open access of information to the public. • Pushes for legislation to repair and improve infrastructure which will produce more jobs. • Fix the Department of Veteran’s Affairs. • Supports “fair gun control legislation.”

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TRUMP

• Trump’s administration made many promises, from building a stronger economy to building the wall. Here are a few of his highlights: • Passed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act which provided tax relief for 82% of middle class families. • Renegotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement and established the United States-MexicoCanada Agreement. • Provided the Defense Department nearly $1.5 trillion in the last two fiscal years. • Trump called to Congress to completely fund a wall on the U.S. south border in order to prevent illegal immigration.

TULSI GABBARD “THE FIRST FORMER FEMALE COMBAT VETERAN IN CONGRESS” • Supports College For All and resolving student debt by eliminating tuition fees at public colleges for families that make less than $125,000 a year and make community college tuition-free. • She currently serves as a major in the Army National Guard and supports legislation for veterans, most notably the Veteran’s Access to Mental Healthcare Act and Military Sexual Assault Victims Empowerment Act. • Like Sanders and Warren, Gabbard stands for the Medicare for All Act and Prescription Drug Price Relief Act. • In regards to justice reforms, Gabbard calls for action to pass the Advocates for the Justice is Not for Sale Act, which bans private prisons and prevents corporations from profiting off

ELIZABETH WARREN

HER WAR ON GOVERNMENT CORRUPTION • Warren is a former Harvard professor from ’95 who is now running for president. • Warren and Sanders’ campaign platforms preach to cancel student loan debt for over 42 million Americans and provide universal free public college. • In reforming politics, she calls for the abolition of the Electoral College and giving Puerto Rico statehood. • In efforts to end government corruption, her plans entail to disclose tax returns of candidates and officeholders to the public “immediately.” Warren also plans to make it illegal for elected officials and government appointees to become lobbyists, “Ever.”

DROPPED DEMOCRATS

BILL WELD THE FORMER MASSACHUSETTS GOVERNOR

• Weld wants to reintroduce the U.S. into the Paris Agreement. • Add $40 per ton of carbon, establishing an economy-wide carbon price. • During his time as Massachusetts governor, he expanded a public loan forgiveness program. • He does not believe in federal intervention in K-12 education. • Wants to amend the Affordable Care Act. • Advocates for more work visas and for stopping mass deportations. He plans to follow Ronald Reagan’s example on a path to citizenship. • Wants to eliminate corporate welfare and pass a Balanced Budget Amendment.

AMY KLOBUCHAR

• Also supports a $15 minimum wage, path to citizenship and universal pre-K for low-income families. • A Medicaid-type plan that allows people to buy-in to affordable healthcare, not just offer it to low-income communities, also known as a public option. • Supports Roe v. Wade and co-authored the Women’s Protection Act. • Believes two years of community college should be free, especially for lowincome individuals. • Supports federal legalization of recreational marijuana; only Biden and Bloomberg believe it should be decriminalized and states should decide on the legalization.

PETE BUTTIGIEG PETE’S PROMISES

• Like his competition, Buttigieg also supports a $15 minimum wage, Medicare for All and replacing the Electoral College with the popular vote. • Affordable and universal childcare and pre-K, which includes expanding mental health services, doubling teaching jobs and leaders of color, and creating goodpaying child development jobs. • Pass the Equality Act, which would prohibit discrimination from getting a job or housing for the LGBTQ community, something that is currently legal to do in 29 states. • End Youth Homelessness, especially for LGBTQ youth and stop conversion therapy, which is legal in 31 states.

CITY@CSUN.EDU


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