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Daily Newswatch

5

National

Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Subject confabâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s outcome to referendum, says activist told the News Agency matters as they present He advised the conferâ&#x20AC;&#x153;Every part of this of Nigeria (NAN) in themselves. ence delegates to focus country must be given Owerri yesterday that a â&#x20AC;&#x153;During the First and on such critical issues as the constitutional backreferendum would ena- Second World Wars, the entrenching the princi- ing to grow their econble every Nigerian com- generals gave way with ples of true federalism, omy the best way they munity to participate in their guns and the poli- security, education, re- want, so that others charting a new course ticians came and negoti- source control and en- should not a be a cog in for the country. ated peace. shrining property rights the wheel of the other.â&#x20AC;? According to him, â&#x20AC;&#x153;At every point in life, in the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s constituOn education, he said community participa- lasting peace is a ques- tion. the conference should tion is key to the success tion of give and take â&#x20AC;&#x153;If there is property make Nigeria invest of nations across the and it happens around right, every Nigerian huge resources in educaglobe. the table. And I think and investors coming tion in order to achieve â&#x20AC;&#x153;A national referen- the National Confer- into the country will the desired results, adddum should rubber- ence is a very good way know that any day any ing â&#x20AC;&#x153;if education is not stamp the outcome of to address the lingering time, their investment given the rightful place, the National Confer- problems in Nigeria.â&#x20AC;? remains and that will the nation will keep ence, because already, Oji expressed regret bring a lot of confidence wobbling. some people are saying that in Nigeria, people into the Nigerian busiâ&#x20AC;&#x153;Education is a vacthat the delegates went enjoyed launching at- ness environment. cine against poverty. It on their own business, tack on leaders even â&#x20AC;&#x153;It is regrettable that is a vaccine against igbut with a referendum, when they did the right after the Nigeria/Biafra norance and a vaccine civil war, certain peo- against incivility.â&#x20AC;?  Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;/¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x17E;¤¼Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; the decision would be thing. binding on every Nigeâ&#x20AC;&#x153;My question is, what ple were told that their According to him, NiEnvironmental rian.â&#x20AC;? is the colour of suc- properties were aban- geria is currently exProtection Board He said the best way cess in Nigeria that will doned. And that is one periencing a culture of (AEPB), Mr. Titus Nwato resolve an issue was make every citizen say area that the conference impunity and tyranny, da, has said that activities to sit around the table that somebody is doing must devote time to ad- stressing that education of some residents of Abuand proffer solutions to well in office?â&#x20AC;? dress. could curb such vices. ja, the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), are not compliant with environmental regulations. Nwada told News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja yesterday that in spite of enlightenment campaigns on how to maintain good environment, some residents had not changed. He said his duty as a team leader of the Special Environmental Squad of the agency had given him the privilege to observe that hawking was even on the increase in the city. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have been encountering challenges of non-compliance times without number. Even ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2C6;¢§Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;¤Â&#x2030;pected hoodlums while carrying out our operations recently. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have to look for more enforcement from the Divisional Police Of- Catholic faithful taking Holy Communion at the Sacred Heart Catholic Parish, Gwagwalada in Abujaâ&#x20AC;Śyesterday. Â&#x2020;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; ¨Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; could clear a section of Area 1,â&#x20AC;? he said. Nwada said the situation would not deter his OLAIDE OYELUDE, Ibadan third joint matriculation rian students were not serve,â&#x20AC;? Nigeria would ceremony of Foreign exposed to Information Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; men from maintaining Communication for us all as â&#x20AC;&#x153;every kobo Professor of Links Campus, Moro, Ife and good environment to enE d u c a t i o n , North, that living in des- Technology (ICT) early misappropriated transsure the cleanliness of the Bayo Oku- picable environment and enough, thereby mak- lates to denial of certain city centre and other arnade, has lack of basic amenities ing some of them to necessary basic amenity.â&#x20AC;? eas of the FCT. President and Chairb e m o a n e d such as water and elec- have failed the examiHe, therefore, urged the residents to cooper- what he called the uncon- tricity have contributed nation even before they man, Governing Counate with the task force to ducive environment un- immensely to the deplor- wrote it (the examina- cil, Foreign Links Campus, Dr. Fola Akinosun, keep the city clean as di- der which students study able situation of educa- tion). tion in Nigeria. He also noted that in- meanwhile, has disin Nigeria. rected by the AEPB. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Education is a global correct implementation closed that the school Okunade maintained â&#x20AC;&#x153;We are doing this to opportunity ensure that people with that the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s educa- commodity. There canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t of policies had been a ma- provides questionable charac- tion system has been un- be local standard,â&#x20AC;? he jor problem in the nation â&#x20AC;&#x153;to assist our teeming â&#x20AC;&#x153;not only in education, youths to have access ter are arrested and, of fair to Nigerian students. said. Professor Okunade but also in health, trans- to qualitative education He believed this is the course, we have been arbane of education in Ni- also commented on the portation and security that would help in enresting them. mass failure of students sectors.â&#x20AC;? hancing their career opâ&#x20AC;&#x153;If we arrest drug ped- geria. According to him, â&#x20AC;&#x153;if portunities in life.â&#x20AC;? Okunade, Director of in the last Joint Admisdlers and suspected He also disclosed that criminals, we hand them Distance Learning Cen- sion and Matriculation our politicians were more tre, University of Ibadan, Board (JAMB) examina- humane and public ori- the school has a scholarover to the appropriate Ibadan, disclosed at the tion, saying that Nige- ented - with the aim to ship scheme for deservauthorities,â&#x20AC;? he said. OWOLABI ADENUS, Yola

F

ormer Country Director of a non-governmental organisation, Ipas Nigeria, Dr Ejike Oji, has suggested that the outcome of the ongoing National Conference be subjected to a national referendum. Oji, a rights activist,

FCT residents not compliant with environmental regulations â&#x20AC;&#x201C;Official

A

Insurgency: Group urges FG to deploy hi-tech technologies

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group, International Society for Civil Liberties and Rule of Law, has advised the Federal Government to deploy hi-tech crime detecting technologies Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x152;Â? Mr. Emeka Umeagbasi, Chairman of the group, gave the advice yesterday in a statement issued in Onitsha, Anambra State. He said government should also use foreign exÂ&#x2018;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;rorism. The group said the only way out of the multi-faceted security breaches was for government to secure services of trained terrorism intelligence experts. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This explains why there are over four million hidden security cameras in the United Kingdom. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s two most endangered countries: Israel and United States of America (USA) are secured every hour through electronic security devices and super security intelligence networks.â&#x20AC;? The statement said that more than 60,000 Nigerians had been killed since 1999, a period of 15 years. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In four months into 2014 alone, up to 3,000 Nigerians have been killed by criminals. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Those killed by insurgents are believed to be over 1,500. â&#x20AC;&#x153;While another armed opposition group, popularly known as gunmen, must have been responsible for over 1,000 deaths,â&#x20AC;? it said. The group said the insurgency was surmountable, but the country â&#x20AC;&#x153;lacks electronic security devices fundamentally needed to match the insurgentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; asymmetric warfare.â&#x20AC;? It advised those in the national conference that they Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2020; Â?ing solutions to the causes of Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;¢Â&#x2C6;tions in the country.

Education system in Nigeria unfair to students â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Don

A

Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; ª¤Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;¤dents. Dr. Akinosun also said eminent Nigerians, including Senator Rashidi Adewolu Ladoja, Chief Olu Falae, HRM Idakwo Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201E;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; +Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Igala; Chief Bayo Oyero, Captain David Mbamara and Mrs. Abiola Onitiri were awarded for their distinguished positive contributions to national development. Daily Newswatch gathered that 2, 500 students of the Colleges of Education and Health Technology and the University Access School matriculated.


6

National

news

Daily Newswatch Tuesday, April 22, 2014

World Bank approves $250m credit for water projects in Nigeria

Shonekan urges Nigerians to pray for Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s intervention

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he World Bank has approved a credit of 250 million US dollars to help the Nigerian GovernÂ&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC; ¤Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;@Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; crease access to water supply services. A statement in Abuja on Monday by the World Bankâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Communications Associate, Africa Region, Bamidele Oladokun, said the credit facility would also help to improve existing water utilities. It said the project was important because it seeks to open up time for the poor to pursue education and income-generating activities. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It will also give the poor the opportunity to help themselves out of poverty, instead of spending endless hours fetching water,â&#x20AC;? the statement said, adding that the funds would target the poor, urban population living in the state capitals and their surroundÂ&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; two million people in Nigeria. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This credit supports the Third National Urban Water Sector Reform Project and responds to the Government of Nigeriaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s goal of developing Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;@Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x152;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;

for social service delivery, particularly water service, as a means to address inequities in income and opportunities. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The funds will help rehabilitate and build the water delivery infrastructure and institutional systems needed to expand access to water supply services for people in

selected cities in Bauchi State, as well as Ekiti and Rivers. â&#x20AC;&#x153;A portion of the project is performance-based and will include incentives for improving the performance of the water supply institutions in the three states,â&#x20AC;? the statement said. It also noted that the World

Bank plans to provide techni¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020; Â&#x2C6; ¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; state governments in Kano, Gombe, Benue, Jigawa, Ondo, Abia, Bayelsa, Anambra and Plateau. The statement said the assistance to these states was to help prepare them for large water supply investments that could

Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020; Â&#x2C6; ¢Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¥¤Â&#x192;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â? â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Federal Ministry of Water Resources, tasked with providing sustainable access Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;ÂĄÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;¤/¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; from this. The ministry will be strengthened to monitor and benchmark the water sectorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s performance,â&#x20AC;? it stated.(NAN)

Some of the particapants at free medical screening organised by Ikotun Command of Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) for commercial drivers at Alagba motor park, Iyana Ipaja, Lagos State.

Manâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s death through alleged witchcraft causes pandemonium in Benue GODWIN AKOR, Makurdi

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here was pandemonium in Otukpo area of Benue State yesterday as hundreds of people thronged Igbanonmaje, a suburb of the town, to catch a glimpse of some youths, who allegedly confessed to a vigilance group in the area that they were responsible for the death of Igoche Ale, who died recently in his apartment at Otia. It was gathered that Igoche sustained severe injuries at the back of head and his stomach was slit open when he was found dead in his apartment, which was locked from inside. According to a 14-yearold boy, Emmanuel Ali, who was arrested at the weekend while allegedly returning from witchcraft meeting at Okokoro, Igocheâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s death among others was planned by a fried chicken seller on Ibadan Street, who is simÂ&#x2018;Â&#x; Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; §Œ¤Â&#x17E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;la (aka Enechi), claiming that he (Ikwubiela) initiated him and three others into witchcraft. He allegedly confessed that he was not involved in killing Igoche because he was around then, claiming that it was Ik-

wubiela, Jonah and Inalegwu that killed him. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I did not go inside with them. I am their security man, wherever they give them assignment, I am the one that gives them the power to carry it out. What Ikwubiela sells to her customers is not chicken but human parts. â&#x20AC;&#x153;That power is given to me by Enechi through something like â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;zoboâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, which we drink. Enechi was responsible for the death of Igoche. She was the one that ordered his killing and it was carried out by Jonah and Ina-

legwu (aka Nornor). Our butcher is Obinna. Also, another 14-yearold student of A-busa Comprehensive College, Otukpo, Endurance Egwu, allegedly claimed that she was initiated into witchcraft by Ali through soft drink and was made the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;queen of the darknessâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, but denied involving in killing of Igoche as she had been delivered of witchcraft since 2012. On his part, 15-yearold Jonah Pius of No 28, Ibadan Street, who dropped out of Eni Model Secondary School, also

denied involving in killing of Igoche as, claiming that has been delivered from witchcraft by a church. Similarly, a 16-year-old student of Upu Community Secondary School, who also claimed he has been delivered from ÂŚÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x192;¢Â&#x201E;¢Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;ÂĄÂ&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x20AC;@Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;ent churches, said that he was initiated into witchcraft by Ali while on the way to school. However, Ikwubiela described the allegation as false and vowed to make the kids prove their allegation.

Lawmaker accuses Fulani of waging guerrilla war against Agatu lani cross River Benue from Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2C6;¢§Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;ember repre- munities close to the river. senting Agatu He said the commander inin the Benue charge of soldiers deployed State House to Benue sent those posted of Assembly, Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;¤Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; ÂąÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Alhaji Sule Audu, has com- the weekend and expressed mended defence headquar- the hope that those displaced ters for ensuring that soldiers would be able to go back to deployed to the area move to their places. riverine areas where the FuAlhaji Sule Audu said the lani have been carrying out brutal manner the Fulani killed guerrilla warfare against the Agatu people may make it people. Â?Â&#x20AC;/¢¤Â&#x;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;ÂŚÂ&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Audu told Daily Newswatch reconcile, especially that the in an interview that there was invaders do not believe that the  Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2C6;¢§Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;ÂŚÂ&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2C6; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Agatu not have right to exist on but expressed sadness over the face of the earth. the way and manner the Fuâ&#x20AC;&#x153;If I can tell the Senate comGodwin Akor, Makurdi

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Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; anywhere; up till today, the Fulani are still killing my people through guerrilla warfare, how can they forget this?â&#x20AC;?, Audu queried? The stateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s commissioner for works, Mr John Ngbede, was Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x20AC;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;¤Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; predicament being faced by the farmers that live in riverine areas. Ngbede told our correspondent on phone that those displaced cannot go back even as the rains have started because of the fear of unknown. He said the Fulani have never lived in Agatu and that Agatu people have never killed their cows, let alone killing a Fulani.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;What I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know anything about, they are wrongly accusing me of.â&#x20AC;? Meanwhile, leader of the vigilance group, Major Samuel Enokela Ukwenya (rtd), tasked parents of the kids to deliver them, but expressed worries that total deliverance would not be achieved until Ikwubiela shaves her hair. When contacted, the state police spokesman, Daniel Ezeala, said that he was yet to be informed on the issue as well as Otukpo Area Commander, Samuel Drakoji.

ormer Head of Interim National Government, Chief Ernest Shonekan, on Monday urged Nigerians to pray for Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s intervention for the country to overcome the current security challenges. Shonekan, who made the call at the yearly Easter concert tagged â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Gains of Calvaryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, organised by the Apostolic Faith Church West and Central District (WECA) in Lagos, said the killing of innocent citizens in the country, especially in the north, was disturbing. â&#x20AC;&#x153;At this point in our country, we need prayers, so that God can intervene and help make things right. Nigerians should also learn to imbibe the lessons of Easter, which is about peace and forgiveness and these virtues are critical in human existence and national development,â&#x20AC;? he said. Shonekan enjoined people to pray to God to expose the perpetrators and sponsors of insurgency in Nigeria. Also speaking, former governor of Ogun State, Chief Gbenga Daniel, said the ongoing National Conference, was a way to solving the problems facing the country. ÂŻÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; killing innocent citizens, a forum such as the ongoing National Conference is where we can come together, channel our grievances Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;Â&#x;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;°Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; iel said. He appealed to Nigerians to be security conscious and also assist security agencies with intelligence reports. In his remark, Rev. Emmanuel Adeniran, District Superintendent of WECA, called on Nigerians to seek Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s intervention through serious prayers to solve the problem, noting that corruption was another hindrance to development. (NAN)

Police confirm three-month-old babyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s theft in Makurdi

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enue Police Command yesterday ¢Â&#x2039; Â&#x2020;Â&#x160;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; 3-month-old baby belonging to one Mr. Ikyavngi Imande had been stolen in Makurdi, Benue State capital. News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reported that the baby was stolen on April 19 at about 8pm on Inikpi Street, High Level, Makurdi. Police Public Relations OfÂ&#x2020;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ²³Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; ´Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; told NAN in Makurdi that the command had opened full inÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â? Ezeala said police had arrested one suspect, while the others were still at large.

He assured the family and the people of the state of adequate security. NAN reported that the prime suspect, simply identiÂ&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;§¤Â&#x160;di to adopt a baby, but was turned down by the governÂ&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;/¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â? Speaking to NAN, the mother of the baby, Mrs. Msendoo Ikyavngi, said her baby was stolen in her house on Saturday, April 19, around 8pm. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It was on Saturday evening around 8pm that Chichi, the girlfriend of my neighbour, Mr. Amos, came to my house, tricked my nanny and stole my baby.




 

 

     

 



    


        

   

 



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10

Daily Newswatch

World Report TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2014

Teen okay after riding in wheel well of Hawaii jet

O

/¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; a 16-yearold boy is â&#x20AC;&#x153;lucky to be aliveâ&#x20AC;? and ¤ Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;ÂĄÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ¹ Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; from California to Hawaii stowed away in a planeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wheel well, surviving cold temperatures at 38,000 feet and a lack of oxygen. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t even reÂ&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;°Â&#x201A;  Â&#x201A; spokesman Tom Simon in Honolulu told The Associated Press on Sunday  Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â?Â&#x201A; ÂŻ Â&#x192;¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;´Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; survived that.â&#x20AC;?

The boy was questioned Â&#x17E; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;ÂĄÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;covered on the tarmac at the Maui Airport Sunday Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;cation, Simon said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Kidâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lucky to be alive,â&#x20AC;? Simon said. Simon said security footage from the San Jose Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; boy from Santa Clara, Calif., hopped a fence to get to Hawaiian AirÂ&#x;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;ºÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;¤ Â?Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; morning. The child had run away from his family after an argument, Simon said. Simon said when

Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Ÿ½ŸÂ&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; Maui, the boy hopped down from the wheel well and started wandering around the airport grounds. â&#x20AC;&#x153;He was unconscious for the lionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s share of the ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;°Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; žÂ&#x201A; hours. Hawaiian Airlines spokeswoman Alison Croyle said airline personnel noticed the boy on Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x2018;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;ÂĄÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; arrived and immediately  Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;¢¤Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our primary concern

Stowaway boy loaded into ambulance in Hawaii Sunday afternoon

now is for the well-being of the boy, who is exceptionally lucky to have survived,â&#x20AC;? Croyle said. A photo taken by a Maui News photographer shows the boy sitting upright on a stretcher as authorities get ready to load him into an ambulance. Simon said the boy was medically screened and found to be unharmed. His misadventure immediately raised security questions. A Congressman who serves on the Homeland Security comÂ&#x152;Â&#x20AC;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2039; Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ&#x201A; the teen could have snuck Â&#x2039; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; Jose unnoticed. ÂŻ Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2039; cerned about security at our airport perimeters. Stowaway teen demonstrates vulnerabilities that need to be addressed,â&#x20AC;? tweeted Rep. Eric Swalwell, a Democrat who Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6; ¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x201A; cities and suburbs. Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;national Airport spokeswoman said airport police were working with

Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;tation Security Agency to review security at the facility as part of an investigation. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our concern is with this young boy and his family. Thank God he survived and we hope his health is okay,â&#x20AC;? spokesÂŚÂ&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; said. /¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201E;¤Â&#x;¤Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160;port referred questions to the State Department of Transportation, which did not return a phone call seeking comment. A Transportation Security Agency spokesman who declined to be named referred questions to the  Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;ties. The boy was released to child protective services and not charged with a crime, Simon said.  Â&#x201A;¤Â&#x2021;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;ÂżĂ&#x20AC;¨à Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;¨à ¡Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; 14-year-old boy in NigeÂ&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;¤Â&#x160;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; à ¡Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC; ¤Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; trip in the wheel well of a Â?Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201A;ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;ÂĄÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;ÂŚing away. Authorities ¢Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; duration and altitude of Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; ¿Ă&#x20AC;Ă&#x20AC;Ă&#x20AC;Â&#x201A; ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039; ¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; survival. Others stowing

Russia â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;outragedâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; by deadly Ukraine shootout

T

he Russian government said yesterday it is â&#x20AC;&#x153;outragedâ&#x20AC;? by a shootout overnight near Slovyansk that left at least three dead, saying the attack was carried out by a Ukrainian right-wing nationalist group. The attack took place just before 2:30 a.m. on the outskirts of Slovyansk, a town under the control of pro¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; reportedly approached a checkpoint and opened fire, and video of the aftermath showed spent bullet casings and two burned out vehicles. According to Ukraineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x160; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2039;ple were killed and three wounded in clashes between armed groups, but it denied Ukrainian forces played any role. The Sloviansk hospital declined ABC Newsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; request for comment, but Slovyanskâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pro-Russia mayor confirmed the three dead to reporters. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Russian side is outraged with the provocation, which indicates that Kiev is unwilling to put in check and disarm nationalists and Â&#x2026;šÂ&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;°Â&#x201A;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021; Â&#x201A;

Ministry said in a statement posted by the state-run Russia Today channel. Moscow â&#x20AC;&#x153;insists on the strict implementation by the Ukrainian side of its commitments to de-escalate the situation in southeastern Ukraine,â&#x20AC;? the ministry statement said. Ukraineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Security Service called the incident a â&#x20AC;&#x153;cyni-

An armed soldier

cal provocationâ&#x20AC;? by â&#x20AC;&#x153;armed offenders and saboteurs who are terrorising the local population in Slovyansk.â&#x20AC;? A pro-Kremlin website posted video of what it said was evidence of the nationalist group Right Sectorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s involvement in the attack, including crisp $100 bills, Google Maps satellite images of the area, bullets and

the business card of the groupâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s leader. Slovianskâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s new mayor quickly called on Russian President Vladimir Putin to send Russian â&#x20AC;&#x153;peacekeepersâ&#x20AC;? to defend the regionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;´Â&#x2026; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; ÂĄÂ&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A; ÂŻÂĄÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; imperialists.â&#x20AC;? Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2026;§Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021; Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;ters from the United States, Russia, Ukraine and the

European Union signed an agreement that â&#x20AC;&#x153;all illegal armed groups must be disarmedâ&#x20AC;? and that â&#x20AC;&#x153;all Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;´Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;¤Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â?Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x2030;°Â&#x201A; in Ukraine must be vacated. ¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2021;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¢cupying those buildings in eastern Ukraine havenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t moved, arguing that the â&#x20AC;&#x153;criminalâ&#x20AC;? government in Kiev has to first step down.

away in wheel wells have died, including a 16-yearold killed after stowing away aÂ&#x17E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x;Â&#x2039;+Â&#x2026;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â?Â?ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; in 2010 and a man who fell onto a suburban Â&#x2039; Â?Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;ÂąÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; from Angola began its descent in 2012.

Submerged ferry crew actions like murder, says President Park

S

outh Korean President Park Geun Hye said the actions of the crew on a ferry that sank last week were â&#x20AC;&#x153;like murderâ&#x20AC;? and called for a thorough investigation of the incident that left more than 300 dead or missing. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The actions of the captain and some crew members just cannot be understood with common sense. They are like murder and should not be tolerated,â&#x20AC;? Park told her senior secretaries yesterday, according to a report of the meeting issued by the Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;/¢Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; ÂŻ¤Â&#x152;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; of shock and rage are developing in the hearts of not only me but also of the people.â&#x20AC;? The team investigating the sinking of the ferry that carried 476 people, most of them high school students, is focusing on why the vessel turned sharply before Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6; §Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;@Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s southwestern coast on April 16. Prosecutors overnight arrested four crew members accused of abandoning passengers and violating maritime law, prosecutor Ahn Sang Don told reporters in Mokpo. He Â&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;ÂŚÂ&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;¡ Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6; §Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;/¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Shin, one second-ranked Â&#x2039;/¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; engineer named Park. The captain and two other crew members were arrested two days earlier and face charges including accidental homicide. An engineer crew member, who wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t arrested, tried to commit suicide after questioning, Ahn said in a Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020; Â&#x2021;Â?Â&#x201A;  £Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;tigators havenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t ruled out pressing charges against more crew members as the probe progresses, he said. Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; ª¤Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160; Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x192;Â&#x2026; Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; as divers continued to search the submerged ship Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2020; Â?Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;¤Â&#x160;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;vors trapped in air pockets.


Daily Newswatch

11

African Report TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2014

Burundi expels UN official over arms report

B

urundi’s foreign ministry has said it ordered a top United Nations ‹/¢€ˆŸ‚ ‹¤ƒ‚ ‹¡‚ the country after a report claimed the government was arming young support-

ers ahead of elections. Paul Debbie, security chief ˆƒ‚ƒ„…‚‚‹/¢…‚€‚¤Š¤€«‚ on Thursday was ordered to leave the country by Friday, Foreign Minister, Laurent Kavakure, said. The expulsion was in

connection to a UN report containing “allegations of weapons distribution to members of the youth league of the ruling party”, Kavakure told the AFP news agency, saying it had undermined the “image of

Burundi” and was a “false rumour.” The small central African nation is still healing from …¢ˆ…‰‚ ‹¡‚ ¢‹±€¢ƒ«‚ ˆ‚ €‰‚ growing increasingly tense in the run-up to presidential elections in 2015, when

Senegal’s Karim Wade to face corruption trial

A

Senegalese court has ruled that Karim Wade, the son of ex-President Abdoulaye Wade, should stand trial on corruption charges, an official has said. He was arrested in April 2013 following allegations that he illegally amassed about $1.4bn (£900m) during

his father’s 12-year rule. Karim Wade, who was influential in his father’s government, denies wrongdoing. Opposition leader Macky Sall vowed to curb corruption after he was elected president in 2012. Karim Wade has been in prison since his arrest about a year ago. Last week, he refused to answer ques-

tions from investigating judges, describing the charges as “political and fanciful”, the AFP news agency reports. Soro Diop, an adviser to the justice ministry, said a court had decided that he should stand trial in two months’ time. During his father’s rule, Karim Wade held several ministerial posts simultaneously,

including minister for infrastructure and air transportation. His large portfolio led to him being dubbed “the minister of the earth and the sky” and he was alleged to have acquired several foreign firms by illicit means. His father was defeated by Mr Sall in the 2012 election, after widespread protests against his rule.

President Pierre Nkurunziza is expected to campaign ¡‹Š‚ ˆ‚ ƒ„€Š‚ ƒ…ŠŒ‚ €‚ ‹/¢…‚ despite a two-term constitutional limit. Local media have been quoting from what is alleged to be a leaked internal UN report. It alleges that members of the Imbonerakure, the youth wing of Nkurunziza’s party, are being armed and trained in weapons use, raising fears of a return to civil war, even of genocide. Vice President Prosper Bazombanza on Tuesday demanded the UN either provide evidence or retract the report, dismissing the concerns it raised. “I can assure you that any action to bring about war in general, and to commit genocide in particular, cannot be tolerated,” Bazombanza

Karim Wade is facing corruption charges

Pierre Nkurunziza, Burundi President

said in a broadcast on state radio late on Tuesday. Diplomats criticised the expulsion of the diplomat. “This does not solve the real problem raised by these allegations,” one said, noting that Burundi has refused UN calls for an independent probe into the reports. On Wednesday, Burundi accused the UN of spreading rumours about planned constitutional changes that critics say could upset the country’s delicate ethnic power balance and possibly lead to civil war. Government ministers said that warnings last week by the UN mission in Burundi (BNUB) about possible violence were baseless and possibly spread to justify an extension of its mandate beyond its December expiration date BNUB warned last week that leaders of tiny central African state who have manipulated young people to stoke violence could face international prosecution if human rights ˆž¤‰…‰‚ˆŠ…‚¢‹ŒŒ€+… Also last week, the United States urged Burundi President Pierre Nkurunziza to drop the planned changes that might allow him to run for a third term. They have stirred the country’s worst political crisis since a 12-year civil war ended in 2005.

Sudan must answer for protest deaths, Human Rights Watch says

S

udan failed to hold security forces responsible for their actions during antigovernment protests last year in which as many as 170 people were killed, according to Human Rights Watch. The families of people who died while protesting the removal of fuel subsidies in September and October are unable to seek justice as authorities have refused to provide medical records, the New York-based group said in

a report released yesterday. Many of the 800 people arrested faced physical and verbal abuse, the group cited witnesses as saying, while others remain in custody. Investigations are continuing, Information Minister Ahmed Bilal Osman said in an interview. “Sudan needs to address evidence that its forces killed scores of people during protests and arbitrarily arrested and tortured detainees,” said Daniel Bekele, Africa director at Human Rights

Watch. “Instead of investigating these crimes, it’s using brutality and violence to silence perceived opponents.” Protests erupted in several towns across Sudan on September 23 after President Umar al-Bashir announced subsidy cuts that nearly doubled fuel prices overnight. The government “acknowledges that some violations by police and security forces might have led to killing and injuring of some,” Osman said by phone from the capital, Khartoum.

“The investigation report is almost over and anyone found guilty will be brought to justice.” Police and prosecutors haven’t responded to more than 50 complaints †Ÿ…‚ ž ‚ £€¢ƒ€Œ‰¸‚ ¡ˆŒ€Ÿ€…‰‚ as hospitals and morgues refused to provide medical records stating causes of deaths or describing injuries, Human Rights Watch said. Many of those arrested during the protests were beaten, threatened with rape, deprived of sleep and forced to hand over pass-

words to online accounts, according to the group. “Many were released within days, often following summary trials lead€‡‚ ƒ‹‚ ±‹‡‡€‡‰‚ ‹Š‚ †…‰«‚ but others were held for weeks or months without charge or access to family or lawyers,” Human Rights Watch said. Osman denied that security forces abused detainees. “Whoever claims to have been tortured ‰„‹¤Ÿ‚ †Ÿ…‚ ˆ‚ ¢‹Œ‘Ÿˆ€ƒ‚ and provide evidence,” he said. Al-Bashir pledged this

month to loosen restrictions on political activity in the country and release political detainees as part a “national dialogue” to decide on “Sudan’s future.” Sudan’s economy shrank 4.4 per cent in 2012 after newly independent South Sudan took three-quarters of the formerly united country’s oil output of 490,000 barrels a day. Gross domestic product is forecast by the International Monetary Fund to expand by 2.7 per cent this year.




    

        

 

  





       

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14

news

Daily Newswatch TUESday, april 22, 2014

NATIONAL

Invest in agric, power, education to combat unemployment â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Abdulsalam

A

delegate at the National Conference has urged state governments to invest in agriculture and improve the power and education sectors in order to successfully address the unemployment situation in the country. Mr. Olawale Abdulsalam, representing the Association of Former Speakers of State Assemblies, made the call in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja yesterday. Abdulsalam noted that the agriculture sector alone has the capacity to reduce unemployment to the barest minimum considering the enormous resources that God had endowed the nation with. He said to achieve the desired results, each state should determine the crops that could be grown in its environment and grow them in commercial quantity. â&#x20AC;&#x153;If your state can grow cocoa, go into cocoa farming. If it is yam, go into

yam farming. We need to go into real agriculture and let the state governments give it full support instead of depending on money from oil. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Let us invest in agriculture. It can take mil-

lions of unemployed peoÂ&#x2018;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;@Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â?° Abdulsalam also idenÂ&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; ¤ Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; adequate power supply as one of the challenges increasing the level of unemployment and insur-

gency in the country. He noted that many graduates and trained artisans could not practise their trade due to the lack of power supply. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have university graduates who studied

Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering or Electrical Engineering but do not have the electricity to power their equipment. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Even the well trained artisans, do they have the needed electricity to

&-/237829:;/<2=3>92?&2@;?23J?Q2V9-/@XV@Z[2V?@/@X'?$XJZ/$\VX]2 \23; V@Z3J:@Z2?$:;/^_&V?2V@Z `:qqJ?;x@/;/V;/<2'?{:\/V7|/JX:V;V^2_/@V?J@$:;/^_/@$]:|V}?292@;\~

National confab desirable, timely â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Prof. Wali

A

delegate to the ongoing national conference, Prof. Sambo Wali, has said that the conference is not only desirable, but timely. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The conference is a welcome development to all well meaning and patriotic Nigerians who have the interest of the nation at heart,â&#x20AC;? he said. Wali, who addressed a news conference in Sokoto, also said that it would allow Nigerians to express themselves freely. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The conference is a forum to discuss the diverse views and feelings of the citizens about the country which has existed for over a century as a single indivisible

entity. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have more to gain collectively from it and bequeath a formidable nation to generations yet unborn,â&#x20AC;? he said. He suggested that the resolutions of the conference should be submitted to the National

Assembly for ratification. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The National Assembly members were democratically elected, while we were selected, though on merit.â&#x20AC;? He said there was the need for peace and unity in the country for

meaningful socio-economic development to take place, stressing that â&#x20AC;&#x153;without peace, there can be no any meaningful socio-economic development in any society. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Without peace, you cannot do anything,

NURTW to help reduce mater nal, child mor tality through ETS

P

resident, National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW), Alhaji Najeem Yasin, has said that the union would focus on reducing maternal mortality in the country through its Emergency Transport Scheme (ETS). ETS is a scheme under the Maternal and Child Health project of the

Subsidy Reinvestment and Empowerment Programme (SURE-P MCH) for reducing maternal newborn mortality. Yasin, in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja yesterday said the scheme was aimed at reducing maternal child Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;@Â&#x2026;¢tive referral mechanism during emergencies in rural communities.

According to him, ETS is implemented through the participation of union members who serve as volunteer drivers to transport pregnant women experiencing maternal complications to healthcare facilities for quick medi¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â? He said since 2004, the union had been collaborating with development partners to implement ETS in northern parts of

Okpekpe: Uduaghan, Amaechi, Aregbesola to contest first position with Oshiomhole through ETS THANKGOD OFOELUE, BENIN Rauf Aregbesola; Rivers State,

Rotimi Amaechi and Dr. Emhree governors manuel Uduaghan of Delta have indicated State have sent in their regisinterest in chal- tration forms to participate in lenging Edo State the Okpekpe road race come governor, Adams May 3, 2014. Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; The aide stated that the govin the forthcoming second ernors has also sent in word edition of Okpekpe marathon that they are not participating race in the state. to make up the numbers of A close aide of the governor athletes but to win one of the revealed to Daily Newswatch star prizes of the competition. that governors of Osun State,

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even practising your chosen religion.â&#x20AC;? Wali appealed to the Federal Government to allocate adequate funds for exploration and exploitation of the abundant solid mineral and natural resources across the country.

work with? That is why we have so many people doing `okadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; (commercial motorcycling) and tricycling business. ÂŻÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x192; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2020;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; of those who are doing `okadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; business are graduates or well trained artisans who do not have the opportunity to practise due to the power problem.â&#x20AC;? According to him, the power sector could be improved upon by tapping the abundant renewable energy potential in the country. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have renewable energy sources that we can use to boost so many sectors of the economy. Hydropower is old but the latest ones are coal, wind and solar. â&#x20AC;&#x153;South Africa has been able to generate subÂ&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;+Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; electricity using coal energy. Nigeria has coal in Enugu, Kogi and Benue. â&#x20AC;&#x153;If we develop our coal and utilise it, in the next six years we can get up to Ă&#x2021;Ă&#x20AC;ÂŤĂ&#x20AC;Ă&#x20AC;Ă&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;+Â&#x2030;Â?° He expressed optimism that once the power sector was revived, many employment opportunities would be created, thereby increasing the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). On education, Abdulsalam urged government at all levels to declare a state of emergency in the education sector from primary school to the university level.

Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x; Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Rivers and Osun Statesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; governors whom he said have vowed to give Oshiomhole run for his money. ÂŻ Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2039; Â&#x2020;Â?Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x201A; that Comrade (Oshiomhole) will have the governors, Amaechi and Aregbesola, to contend with. We hear that they are training and have shown interest to win any of the star prizes. If our gover-

nor refuses to train hard, they will knock him out. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In order to meet up with the threats from his colleague governors, Comrade Adams Oshiomhole has sought the services of Ali Yufus as his trainer.â&#x20AC;? Ali, who is also the administrator of the Okpekpe Road Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x2026;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2039; Â&#x2020;Â&#x160;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;day on a local television programme in Benin.

the country. Yasin said during the period, ETS drivers conveyed thousands of pregnant women in various emergency situations to health facilities freely or on payment of the cost of fuel. â&#x20AC;&#x153;With this scheme, accessibility to health will be brought to the doorsteps of all pregnant women in the target areas. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The need for ETS cannot be overemphasised, taking cognisance of the critical situation of many pregnant women, especially in the remote areas of the country. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Such pregnant women die from preventable deaths not because of lack of doctors or equipment but due to delays in reaching heath facilities,â&#x20AC;? he said. He said the move by National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) by providÂ&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2020; Â&#x2C6; ¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;

NURTW to implement ETS would go a long way in bringing smiles to pregnant women and their families across the nation. Yasin said the project would ensure that â&#x20AC;&#x153;no lives can be lost in the process of giving birth to our children. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This will also greatly ¢Â&#x2039; Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17E;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; ing MDGs 4 and 5 which are reduction of maternal mortality and improvement in the health of children respectively.â&#x20AC;? NAN reported that the union on April 3 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the NPHCDA for implementation of ETS. The MoU was signed to carry out a six-month pilot ETS at selected SUREP MCH facilities. He said the facilities were in the FCT, Niger, Bauchi, Kaduna, Zamfara, Anambra, Ebonyi, Bayelsa and Imo States.




   

     

    

        



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Daily Newswatch

33

Woman of Substance TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2014

Why I established home for vulnerable children –Oni-Okpaku Chief Mrs. Aino Ternstedt Oni-Okpaku was born and bred in Sweden. She met her husband in 1968 in California and they got married in 1972. In 1973, they relocated to Nigeria and established Quintessence, a shop which deals in electronics and furniture in 1975. In the early 80s, Oni-Okpaku changed the focus of the organization after her husband’s death and due to change in government policy to what she has passion for. Today, Quintessence is known as an African shop depicting the African culture. She is also the founder of Ebunoluwa foundation, a Non Governmental Organization, (NGO), which runs a home called Eruobodo house for children with special needs. This and many other things was what she discussed with TAYO SALAMI when she met her.

Oni-Okpaku

W

hat prompted you to establish Quintessence? Quintessence was established in 1975 and it started as a shop for high quality audio and television. The shop was into quad systems, Nakamitchi and a host of other top hi-fi equipment, accessories and furniture. There were also items for office and home furnishing and a maintenance department for after sales services. Also, a branch of the company was set up in Kaduna in 1979 but it was closed down in 1993. Quintessence started as a shop where people can get electronics but the focus has been changed now. What is the idea behind the change? I changed the focus of the business from imported hi-fi and furniture to Nigerian arts and crafts, gifts and other products in the early 80s. The

reason for this was the change in government policies which discouraged importation of foreign made goods. It was my husband’s idea to start the

shop in 1975 and he was interested in electronics. It was difficult for me to continue the line of business the way he wanted it after he passed on. Also, i was not interested in the business and during this period, electronics have been banned from importation, so I had to look inward for what to delve into. Since I’m a designer and there is so much design attached to the culture of Nigeria, I started the African shop which deals in Nigerian arts and crafts, gifts, clothings for children and adult, home furnishings, for both local and international market. What were the achievements made ever since you changed the focus of the organization? Quintessence is the first private company to organize an exhibition of Nigerian Arts and Crafts in Nigeria. The company has also organized successful and inspiring international exhibitions of Nigerian Arts and Crafts in Sweden, England, Germany, Zimbabwe, Ghana, Burkina Faso and France. In addition, the company is engaged in the production of clothing for children, adults, home furnishings like placemats, throw pillows and duvets for both local and international markets. Also, the company has played supervisory role in upgrading the standard of our artisans to enable them meet up with international standard. Companies like Nike Arts Center, Colours of Africa and Out of Africa are offshoot of our efforts. They all started working as suppliers to the shop. Where do you source for the local materials you sell in Quintessence

the company has played supervisory role in upgrading the standard of our artisans to enable them meet up with international standard Benco-Adesanya y

shop? Quintessence is an African shop. Thus, we source for the local materials used in making our final products both in Nigeria and other African countries. We also have different tailors who sew different styles for us and we make sure that our materials are of high quality. We have our own designs that we give out to tailors too. How affordable are the things you sell? They might not be the cheapest but we try as much as possible to sell quality goods to our customers. Our products are of very good standard. Who are your customers? All kinds of people frequent the shop. People come from all walks of life patronizes Quintessence. Could you please give an insight into your educational background? I was born in Sweden on January 2nd, 1939. I had my primary education in Sweden. I had my first degree majoring in textile arts from the School of Arts and Crafts, Goteborg in 1962. Immediately, I graduated, I opened my studio in Stockholm and I practiced for nine years before proceeding to the United States of America where I bagged a masters degree in fine arts, majoring in textile arts at the California College of Arts and Crafts in 1971. During these years, I performed excellently well and I won several awards from various institutions and governments. In 1967, I got a grant from the Association of Swedish Arts and Crafts for travels and studies in England. I got a Fellowship from the American-Scandinavian Association and a Fullbright grant for travels and studies at the University of California. In 1971, I got a scholarship from California College of Arts and Crafts, Oakland, California. I also got grant for research from World Crafts Council, New York and King Gustaf VI Adolf’s Foundation for Swedish Culture, Stockholm. I made the rugs, tapestries, curtains and interior decorations for the Old people’s home in Forserum, Sweden. In 1964, I made fabric upholstery for Sancta Clara Church, Stockholm. I worked with The Philadelphia Church, Varberg; Danderyd Hospital; Church of Torshalla; Sabbatsberg Hospital and Jacob’s Church all in Sweden doing their tapestry and fabContinued on Page 34


34

Woman of Substance

Daily Newswatch tuesday, april 22, 2014

‘Why I established home for vulnerable children’ Continued from Page 33

dren? I was on the board of the Lagos ric upholstery. State Motherless Babies Home for 20 How did you meet your husband? My husband is late but I met him years. Through this experience I garwhile I was studying in California in nered knowledge about the problems 1968. He was at Stanford while I was and prospects of abandoned children in Oakland. I studied textile design in Nigeria. Gradually, my dedication while he studied art; he was very tal- to vulnerable children bloomed into ented in music and oil paintings. We Ebunoluwa Foundation as it exists met through friends at a party and today. I started the foundation in the we got to know each other. We got 90s. The foundation is a humanitarian married in Europe in 1972 and came to Nigeria in 1973 after our artistic organization and has been offering hope in various homes and centers. sojourn in America. What was the reaction of your par- The home also provides assistance to ents when you introduced him to abandoned children who are physically and mentally challenged. The them? My parents allowed me to make my home started as Dutch Women’s choice. They met him and they were Group and have had various memcomfortable with him. And it was bers over the years. The group came very nice meeting his relatives too. into being when members noted that They accepted me and we started our children in remand homes, approved schools and other correction centlives. How did you feel when you were ers lack proper facilities. To redress the needs, a group called the Dutch about leaving Europe for Africa? I was fine. I followed him to Nige- Women’s Group was formed in 1990. ria because he wanted to relocate to The objective of this group is to make Nigeria.Then, Lagos was a very dif- life more meaningful for the children. ferent place than anywhere I’ve been The foundation assists in the supply but I liked it and overtime I adapted of medicine and food. Physiotherapists, Teachers, matrons and their asto the environment. We established Quintessence in sistants are employed for the physi1975 and he died in 1977. I decided to cally handicapped children. The stay here and I took it as a challenge foundation also runs a home called to continue the organization we start- Eruobodo house. Eruobodo House was created in ed. More so, I could cope in Nigeria because I have very good Nigerian 1997 by a group of Nigerian and exfriends, who stood by me, they were patriate women who saw a need to create a warm and safe environment very supportive. When your husband died, did you for some of Nigeria’s most vulnerable children. Most of our children have think of relocating to Sweden? I didn’t want to go back to Sweden; physical or mental challenges from birth and were abandoned by this country has been good to their parents. A few of our me and I’ve adopted it residents are orphans as my country. Howwho are not less priviever, it was not easy leged but were abanto adoptNigeria doned for a variety of as my country. I other reasons. These was young, my children live at Eruohusband had bodo House and atjust died but tend schools in the I wanted to vicinity. be in NigeHow would ria. Thankyou describe fully I got daily activia lot of ties at the support house? from my D a i l y friends life at and my E r u o fatherb o d o in-law House and afis much ter 35 like life years, I in any obtained houseNigerian hold. Chilcitizendren attend ship. appropriIn what ate school way has the or training country been programmes. good to you? All the children They made me are involved in feel at home and the daily routines in I’m having a nice the compound. There stay. As a Foreigner, Oni-Okpaku is a garden where fruit it can be very difficult to and vegetables are grown. The stay in Nigeria after the death of one’s spouse because life would be chicken and goats must be fed, and very difficult. Then, Lagos was small- eggs collected for sale to the commuer but my friends and my husband’s nity. We have a fish farm where we raise relatives were very supportive. After your husband died, did you cat-fish. We also run a small stall where the baskets, necklaces and have any plans to remarry? cards made by the children are sold. No In what circumstance did you es- We also sell second hand goods that tablisha home for vulnerable chil- are donated to us.

T h i s a c t i v ity serves multiple purposes. It helps Eruobodo House toearn its own, albeit humble, income that contributes to the daily running costs of the home. The children who are able to, participate in these activities learn skills according to their individual ability. Also, the activities bring the services of the home to the community it is located. There are many taboos about mental and Oni-Okpaku physical disabilities in Nigeria. The commercial activities of Eruobodo House have contributed to breaking the barriers between the community and the home. Hence, improving their attitudes towards mentally and physically challenged children. Families havingchildren with special needs are able to take care of them through the information and sensitization programme undertaken by Eruobodo House’s matron. As a Swedish, how often do you go home? I go to Sweden once or twice in a year. My family over there had adapted to the system of me coming home once or twice in a year. They live their own life and I live my own life and they also come for visitation in Nigeria. In whatcircumstance were you bestowed a chieftaincy title?

I was bestowed with the chieftaincy title during an exhibition fair organized by the Better Life for Rural Women, the pet project of the then first lady of Nigeria, Late Mrs. Mariam Babangida. It was an exhibition where textiles designers exhibit their wares and I was at the programme to exhibit our products, the local materials. I was given a honourary chieftaincy title, Yeye afonasola of Ogotun Ekiti, Ekiti state after the exhibition. How did you feel when you were bestowed with the chieftaincy title? I was very happy. It was a very big event that depicts the culture of the people of Ogotun Ekiti. And people from all walks of life came to the state to witness the event. What is your philosophy about life? To do good at all times.

The commercial activities of Eruobodo House have contributed to breaking the barriers between the community and the home




 

  

    

     

          

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As far as sports journalism is concerned in Nigeria, Mitchel Obi, the Vice Chairman of Master Sports International and President of African Sports Journalists Association (AIPS Africa), remains one of the guiding lights. The Imo State-born writer is exceptionally good at his art and is reputed to be an informed critic on sporting matters. In this engaging interview with OKEY OBIOZO, he talks about a whole lot of interesting issues that make him tick in the industry.



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Daily Newswatch

50

Law

Sam Popoola samolapop@yahoo.com

TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2014

Fair hearing clause in 1999 Constitution must be amended to win anti-corruption war â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Agbaje Recently Dr. Usman Bugaje told a gathering of northern elders that the crude oil in the Niger Delta belongs to the north. Could you clarify the position of law in view of his statement? Bugaje is a citizen of this country; and this country runs a constitutional democracy, which in itself presupposes freedom of expression. Here all your rights under the constitution are protected. So I concede to Bugajeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s freedom of expression. The same constitution enjoins that my own right to freedom of expression be accorded. In other words, Bugajeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s freedom of expression ends where other peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own freedom of expression starts. Nigerian populace knows when somebody is lying and when somebody is telling the truth. I accept that he has the freedom of expression but he has no right to jumble the facts or mix the Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; ÂąÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2039;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; of existing legal and constitutional norms. The question I want to ask is this: Where were the likes of Bugaje when people like us were at the ¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; ÂżĂ&#x20AC;Ă&#x20AC;¨Â&#x201A; Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; the resource control case? And that was the case between the ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE FEDERATION ÂŁÂ?Â&#x201A;  Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A;  Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A; à ½Â&#x201A;  Â&#x201A; STATES. In that case the late Bola Ige who was then the AGF went to the Supreme Court to ask the apex court Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; and which are the states entitled to Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; issue discussed was the onshore and Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â?Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152; Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; of Bugaje are just trying to panel beat in 2014. The Supreme Court has since decided that. And the judgment of the Supreme Court is enforceable by Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2021;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; persons including Bugaje. They are bound by it. That judgement took ¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x2021; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂŁÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; of international treaties, particularly the treaty arising from the Law of the Sea and other related issues. It was on the basis of that judgment that so many of the states particularly Akwa Ibom, Abia got so much in terms of oil well allocation. And based on that ¼¤Â?Â&#x2021;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;§ŒÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; locked horns in court again when Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; certain oil wells, that in accordance with the Supreme Court judgment they were entitled to so much of the ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;¢Â?Â&#x201A;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; the Supreme Court told them â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;no... This is not part of our judgment. The judgment you are referring to is to Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;@Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; talking about now are squarely on the side of Akwa Ibom. That is why Akwa Ibom today is so rich. So when people want to falsify history they should be ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;¥¤Â&#x;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; of Bugaje are saying, once they donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t conform with the judgment of the Supreme Court on resource control, with due respect to him, amounts to mere side-show, side-talk, mere Â&#x160;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;¢Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2021;¤Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; fall in line with the judgment of the Supreme Court. Ordinarily and legally speaking, he who owns a piece of land Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; ¤ Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;

Barrister Fred Agbaje needs no introduction. Heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s right at the front row of Nigeriaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s human rights community; and his voice seems to have been reverberating forever. In this engaging time out with STEPHEN UBIMAGO, he contends that the fair hearing clause in the 1999 Constitution must be amended in order to push the war against corruption. He also dealt with issues of resource ownership and control, while not leaving out his take on the ongoing Confab, as well as gay rights issues. Excerpts:

Late chief Obafemi Awolowo

is annexed to it by the principle of quic quid plantatur solo solo cedit. So by the Supreme Court judgment, the Â&#x;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;+Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;šÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026; Â?Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;¢Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2C6;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; enshrined in the Law of the Sea. You cannot fault that. So they are entitled to claim. In fact the dispute between §ŒÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; for somebody to wake up in 2014 to try to rewrite history, the constitution and ¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;ÂĽÂ&#x2039;Â&#x17E;Â? The national conference was recently inaugurated and not a few people expected a rather outspoken lawyer like you to have made the list of delegates from Edo State. But here you are in Lagos and not Abuja. Do you think the conference is properly constituted with the right kind of people? You are the third journalist asking me this same question. Can I force myself on them? This is Nigeria where we worship the worst. Is it not ridiculous Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; ¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â?Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;

Barrister Fred Agbaje

Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2039;Â&#x;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;§Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A; shut out from such a talk shop? They want us to begin to lobby. Nigeria is a Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x2039;Â&#x17E;Â&#x17E; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â?Â&#x201A;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; I can tell you that so much as I support the National Conference; nothing will come out of it. I will tell you why. It is not because the likes of me are not Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ&#x201A;Â&#x152;¤¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2039;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; to be paid? N4 million a month? Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t I make more than that a month in my practice? But we are talking Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;¢Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2C6; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2020;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; ¥¤Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2C6;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; constitutionalism in a country where there is so much injustice against the minorities. In a National Conference as this, who is representing my own area Akoko Edo? Akoko Edo has only been relegated to the background in the scheme of political and socio-economic Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2021;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â?Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Adams Oshiomhole is from Etsako. Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2039;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2021;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; from, used to be one Etsako just as we Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;§Â&#x2039;§Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2039;Â?Â&#x201A;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2039;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;¤ Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;

Thus every argument must fall in line with the judgment of the Supreme Court. Ordinarily and legally speaking, he who owns a piece of land owns whatever is underneath and whatever is on the soil and whatever is annexed to it by the principle of quic quid plantatur solo solo cedit

Abdusalam Abubarkar /Mike Aigbe (Aigbe is from Etsako), was broken into three: Etsako Central, Etsako East and Etsako West. Owan was also broken up: Owan East and West. They left Akoko Edo alone, because apparently Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â?Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2039;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;Â? Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; ÂŁÂ&#x2039;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂĄÂ&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A; Akoko Edo to foster their cause. In other words, of the three original local Â&#x2021;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; north before, only Akoko Edo was left ¤ Â&#x17E;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;§Â&#x2026; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Ă?Â&#x201A;  Â?Â&#x201A; now you are talking about National Conference where people will be Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;§Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â?ÂŁÂ&#x2C6; ¢Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ Â&#x201A; interest, and nobody at the conference is from that part of the world. What type of National Conference is that? What type of National Conference are we talking about when there is nobody from Akoko Edo as an ethnic group that had long been marginalised? What type of National Conference are we talking of where the Itshekiris are not represented; where the Ogonis are not represented? I was reading Ledum Mitee in one of the national papers saying they were left out. These are the core minorities that had been marginalised in the society called Nigeria. And then you want some people to sit down in Abuja again Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;¥ Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; National Conference. But my greatest fear of course is this: under what law is the Conference operating?â&#x20AC;&#x2122; There is  Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;+Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039; ¥Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; is just a talk shop, a jamboree. As we lawyers will say, you cannot build something on nothing and expect it to stand. That principle is as old as contemporary jurisprudence. On the philosophical reasoning of Lord Â&#x2026;  Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x201A;ÂŁÂ?Â&#x201A;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;¨Ă&#x17D;¿Â&#x201A; Continued on page 51


Law 51

Daily Newswatch Tuesday, april 22, 2014

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Fair hearing clause in 1999 Constitutionâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

Justice Idris Legbo Kutigi

Jonathan

place, the right frame of mind in place, Continued from page 50 if an act is incurably bad it is to all democracy would have been the best intent and purposes null and void. If for this country, because democracy there is no law backing the Confab, on ÂŚÂ&#x2039;¤Â&#x;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2020;Â&#x;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; what ground are you now asking the Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;¢Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;¢ Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;@Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; National Assembly, this same National bad from the good from, through the Assembly that initially kicked against electoral process. But unfortunately, the convocation of the National our electoral process has become so Conference, to back the outcome of corrupted thorough fraud and all sorts its resolutions? You want the National of vices so that instead of producing Assembly to confer posthumous the best candidates for the society, it brings out the worst. When we have legality or constitutionality? While responding to the same the right leaders in place, weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll do question regarding the merit of the what is right, because when we have Confab, a learned SAN Tayo Oyetibo the right leaders supported by strong said the National Dialogue is good institutions, they will achieve results. `{|}{|~ Â&#x20AC;~  Â&#x20AC;} Â&#x201A;}Â&#x192; Â&#x201E; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;}Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;}Â&#x192; Â&#x2026;~| What we need to do is to embark on a Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;}|Â&#x2030;Â&#x160; Â&#x2039;|Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;| Â&#x201A;} Â&#x201A;Â&#x192; Â&#x2039;|;|~ }Â&#x20AC; Â?Â&#x2026;`Â&#x17D; major amendment of the Constitution Â?Â&#x2026;` }{Â&#x2026;  `Â&#x2026;~Â&#x17D;`Â&#x2026;~Â? Â&#x20AC; Â?} Â&#x2018;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021; }{Â&#x201A; Â&#x2019; Â&#x20AC;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2C6; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; ¨Â&#x201A; ²³Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; him as having made real sense? I quite agree with him. All types of already enjoined all institutions and human beings in this country, including government of the federation to join the serious, jokers, comedians, those Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; who have never had anything to do Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ¥¤Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â?Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; à ½Â&#x201A; with constitutionalism in their lives, of the Constitution that deals with fair among others, are all there. So, at the hearing, and say â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;well, once it comes to Â&#x2026; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;@Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; steam. Even if nothing comes out of ¢Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; à ½Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; the Conference, let the delegates be amended to read that on corruption kept busy, after-all they are the noise- Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;  Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; makers. It is as if Jonathan is saying, accused would have to prove your â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s keep them busy; please leave my innocence. That means the burden government alone; let my government of proof would now shift from the concentrate on doing other things; I prosecution to the accused. In other say for the next three months, donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t words, if the allegation against you is disturb me o! Face your National Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¿Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Conference.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; As far as I am concerned, ¨Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;¤¼Â&#x2C6;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; ¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x201A; itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a diversionary tactic. â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Let them be the accused to prove that your salary talking o jare. Let them go and insult Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;¤Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â?Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¿Â&#x201A; themselves, let them disagree among Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;¨Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;¤¼Â&#x2C6;Â?Â&#x201A; But your submission here touches themselves,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; I imagine Jonathan as on the fundamental rights of the saying. The country currently seems Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x152;Â&#x2021;Â&#x192;|Â&#x2030; }Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201C;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;~ {|Â&#x2026;~Â&#x201A; Â&#x2022;Â? Â&#x20AC; Â?} Â&#x2018;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021; trapped in the nadir of insecurity, }{Â&#x201A; Â&#x2019; }{| {Â&#x2021;Â&#x201D;Â&#x2026;  ~Â&#x201A;Â&#x2022;{}Â&#x192; Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201D;Â&#x201D;Â&#x2021; Â&#x201A;}Â&#x2018; considering the dastardly activities Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201C;}{|Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2019;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2026;~Â&#x2026;Â&#x201D;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2021;~Â&#x2022;| }Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;~}Â&#x192; of the northeast as well as the Fulani {|~Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201D;|  Â&#x201A;  }{| Â&#x201D;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2020;| Â&#x2039;|Â&#x2020;} Â&#x192;}Â&#x2026;}|Â&#x192;Â? {Â&#x2018; {Â&#x2026;Â&#x192; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2020; |,Â&#x20AC;~}Â&#x192; }Â&#x20AC; ~|Â&#x201A;  Â&#x201A;  }{|Â&#x192;| murderous hordes proven abortive? The problem has to do with leadership and institutional failure. I told you this before. I regret to say this: Where Nigeria missed it was during the Shagari regime, when elections were being massively rigged, resulting in the rigging out of the best president Nigeria never had. Awolowo ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;¨Ă&#x17D;Ă&#x2021;Ă Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; the economic ship of this country was grinding towards a halt. Has it not hit the rocks now? When you put square pegs in round holes, it would not work. If we have the right institutions in place, the right electoral umpire in

Mukhtar

`Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2020; Â&#x2014;|{|Â&#x201D;| }Â&#x2020;Â&#x2018; Â&#x2019;Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2019; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;} }{Â&#x201A;Â&#x192; position? When I was in the university, at the post graduate school, we were taught Comparative Constitutional Law as a major course. And just as we had that, there was also Comparative Criminal Law. One of the subjects in Comparative Criminal Law is this topic. If a crime has become a menacing one in the society, and the regular criminal or penal laws can no longer deal with it, you go the Â&#x2026;šÂ&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â?¤¢Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â?Â&#x201A;  Â?Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â?Â&#x201A; @Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;šÂ&#x201A; liability are strict. If they really want Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; amendment of the Constitution would Â?Â&#x2039;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; à ½Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; the Constitution, except the so-called human rights community, to which I belong donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t want the government to Â&#x2030;¤¢¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â?Â&#x201A; Anything that can be done to bring corruption to the barest minimum would be applauded by any right thinking member of the human rights community. And this must include Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â?Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â?Â&#x201A; à ½Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; ¡ Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â?Â&#x201A; It means you the accused must prove your innocence if you are not guilty. You are talking about human rights. Did the National Assembly not pass the anti-gay law that is violating some citizenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rights? Are the gay people not citizens of this country? If I chose to be a gay man â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m not advocating for them â&#x20AC;&#x201C; it is my right. Initially I used to disagree with them to say it is criminal, it is immoral. Are you by any means suggesting Â&#x2018;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;~ Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x2019; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201C; Â&#x192;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;~} Â&#x201C;Â&#x20AC;~ }{| ~|Â&#x152;| }Â&#x2020;Â&#x2018;

The human rights community then began to gang up from the Natural Law School persuasion. The Natural Law School is diametrically opposed to the strict Positivism School. Strict Positivism says law is law

Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x192;|Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026; }Â&#x201A;Â&#x17D;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;`Â&#x2DC; I am supportive of it holistically. But that is not to say those who are sympathetic of or practicing the gay life style donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have any argument. Have you listen to them? I have a lecturer friend. He is a professor of Sociology in one of the universities. We are very close. He said all of you are against gay people, but have you listened to arguments from their side? Are you telling me the Nigerian Constitution does not guarantee freedom of conscience and choice? If you say it is against our custom and morality, whose morality? So, when I listened to his argument, I said this is another angle. Is it right that because your child has misbehaved, then the best way to discipline him is to void all his rights? Â&#x2021;}Â&#x2C6;~Â&#x20AC;}Â&#x2026;Â&#x2022;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;}Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201C;}{|Â&#x2026; }Â&#x201A;Â&#x17D;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;` have pitched tent with the positive Â&#x192;Â&#x152;{Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;Â&#x201A; Â?Â&#x2021;~Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;~Â&#x2021;Â&#x2030;| Â&#x152;|Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2018;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2026;`Â&#x201A;Â&#x192; simply and squarely an enactment of the sovereign; that its inconsistency `Â&#x201A;}{ |Â&#x161;}~Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;|Â&#x2022;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020; Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;|~Â&#x2026;}Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x192; Â&#x2020;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2019;| natural law cannot invalidate law or prevent it from having a binding |,|Â&#x152;}Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2020;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A;}Â&#x201A;Â&#x203A;| Â&#x192;`Â&#x201A;}{Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A;}Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;~|Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201C; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2021;}{Â&#x20AC;~Â&#x201A;}Â&#x2018;Â? Â&#x20AC;``Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2020;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;~|Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2030;}Â&#x20AC; that argument? This argument has been going on ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;  Â&#x201A;¨Ă&#x17D;¿Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; SHAW v. DPP, the British Parliament considered whether to dabble in Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; or no prostitution; and whether the law should meddle in the private proclivities of citizens. The human rights community then began to gang up from the Natural Law School persuasion. The Natural Law School is diametrically opposed to the strict Positivism School. Strict Positivism says law is law. We are not concerned about morality. In any case, letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s leave out the academic exercise for now and move on with the discussion. Yes the anti-gay law is good law, but Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2026;šÂ&#x192;Â&#x201A; ¨Ă&#x20AC;Ă&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; a second look would taken on that law. But for now, that is the law. However, that does not mean those who are practicing homosexual acts donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have their rights. They do. You must accord them their rights, because they are citizens of your country too; theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re also entitled to take the benefit of the freedom of conscience and the freedom of thought under the Constitution, because the Nigerian Constitution is not made for a particular set of people. It is meant for every citizen of Nigeria.


52

Daily Newswatch

Law

Tuesday, april 22, 2014

Group tasks lawmakers on N100bn constituency projects SAM POPOOLA

A

non-governmental agen¢ Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; ¤Â&#x2018;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ²ÂłÂ&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;§Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; on a campaign geared at revealing how lawmakers in the National Assembly execute the sum of N100billion appropriated Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;¥¤ Â?Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;¤Â&#x2026; ¢ Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;ÂĽÂ&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â? Speaking during a press conference Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;ÂĽÂ&#x2039;Â&#x17E;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Atuluku, said the sum of N100billion was appropriated to fund constituency projects selected by each of Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; º½Ă&#x17D;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x152;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;ÂŚÂ&#x2039;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;bers of the National Assembly in the 2013 budget, but little or nothing is seeing in the various constituencies throughout the nation, except bogus ¢Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x152;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â? ÂŻÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;ÂĽÂ&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;cle for us to let the lawmakers and aligned governmental agencies to know what Nigerians see regarding Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;ÂĽÂ&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; have a say in how the projects are adjudged, and we are not talking about  Â&#x2026;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; have as many examples of projects that are achieving their purpose as Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x17E;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; â&#x20AC;&#x153;This project shall be implemented in six states across the six geopolitical zones of our country cutting across the politice parties represented at the Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x17E;Â&#x; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;  Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x17E;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; ��&#x2C6;¤¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; and Kano states,â&#x20AC;? She said the group needed to partner the media and members of the public â&#x20AC;&#x153;on this national campaign aimed at focusing the minds of Nigerian people and government on the need to tackle part of the institutional inefficiencies that has hampered the National Assembly from playing its constitutional role in the governance of this country â&#x20AC;&#x201C; the distraction of selecting and implementing projects of choice in the constituencies of each Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x152;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;°Â?Â&#x201A; ¢¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â?ing to Atuluku the lawmakers have consistently appropriated such huge sums to the projects since the dawn of Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;¢Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;¤Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;¨Ă&#x17D;Ă&#x17D;Ă&#x17D;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; no oversight, stressing â&#x20AC;&#x153;this practice is not only unconstitutional; it is also wasteful and unhelpful to the democratic practice of separation of powÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;°Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x201A; Calling on Nigerians to join in the ¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021; Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2039;ple can judge the veracity of series of claims made for the constituency proÂĽÂ&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x152;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â? ÂŻÂ&#x2026;¢Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Duties and Inter-governmental Affairs, Alhaji Kabiru Turaki, stated that about 85 per cent of the constituency projects in the country have been implemented and that about 13 per cent of the remaining projects had gone beyond 75 per cent level of completion, adding that they would be completed before the end of the ÂĄÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; ª¤Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ¥¤Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; stated that this was the first time in years that the projects would achieve a whopping 100 per cent completion Â&#x;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x;Â? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Now we have no reason to doubt the statement of the minister, especially as this is the first year his ministry started measuring the execution Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;ÂĽÂ&#x2026;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x201A;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2C6;¤tious about official claims of 100 per cent completion of jobs in Nigeria, and that is because it would be totally Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;°Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â?

L-R Tunde Akani, MSC media consultant, Ojobo Atuluku, MSC chair, Wale Fatade, Executive Director, MSC during the conference

Ex-policeman, others docked over human trafficking FRANCIS IWUCHUKWU

A

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Justice from foreign lands Supremacist faces murder charges in Kansas deaths

A

white supremacist charged in shootings that left three people dead at two Jewish community sites in suburban Kansas City was brought into a video conference room in a wheelchair TuesÂ?Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2020;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6; ¢Â&#x2026;Â? Wearing a dark, sleeveless anti-suicide smock, Frazier Glenn Cross stood under his own power to face the camera, crossing his arms and speaking only when answering routine questions from the judge in a Johnson County courtroom several miles Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;ª¤Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x192;¡Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Œ Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â? Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x201E; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤ Â&#x192; Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;@¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; /¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;§Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; declined to say Tuesday why Cross was in a wheel¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;¢¤Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â?Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â&#x2030;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ª¤Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;¸Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039; Â?Â&#x2C6; Â? The 73-year-old is being held on $10 million bond and his next court appearance is scheduled ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;¿ºÂ? Â&#x201E; Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;ÂŚÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; ½Ă&#x17D;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; ¨º¡ Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;¡Â&#x2039;Â&#x;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2021;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;/ Â&#x201A;  Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;ÂŚÂ&#x2039;Â&#x2039;Â?ÂŤÂ&#x201A; were shot and killed outside of the Jewish ComÂ&#x152;¤ Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â?Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;  Â&#x2039;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; 53-year-old Catholic occupational therapist and mother of two, was gunned down outside Village Shalom, a Jewish retirement complex where she ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â?

Â&#x2039;Â&#x201E; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤ Â&#x192; Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; +Â&#x2039;Â&#x160; Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2026;¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2020;¢Â&#x201A; Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039; Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;/Â?Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x192;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; which under Kansas law is not considered public Â&#x20AC; ¥Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2018;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;¤Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;day describes the charges and includes a list of wit Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x17E;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â? In Kansas, one of the narrow circumstances in which capital murder cases are pursued includes the intentional killing of more than one person in â&#x20AC;&#x153;the same act or transaction or in two or more acts

or transactions connected together or constituting Â&#x2018;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x152;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039; Â?¤¢Â&#x192;Â?° In this case, a single charge was applied to the deaths of Corporon and his grandson because the deaths occurred in a very short period of time as Â&#x2018;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x192;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;¢¤Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2C6;  Â&#x2039;¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â?Â&#x2039;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030; ¸Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x201A; ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2018;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;¤Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â?ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x17E;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2039;¤Â&#x;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;šÂ&#x2018;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC; Â? Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;¢¤Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;¤+Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2021;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;¼¤Â&#x160; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x17E;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â?Â?Â&#x201A;+Â&#x2039;Â&#x160; Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x160; Â&#x201A; Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x201A; Tuesday that federal charges were likely a week or Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;¸Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2039;¤Â&#x;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;Â&#x;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x2026;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â? ÂŻ¤Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x17E;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x192;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x17E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;ª¤Â&#x20AC;¢§Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x2026;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â?Â&#x201A;Â?Â?Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030; ¸Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; about retribution, this is about seeking justice,â&#x20AC;?

Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â? Cross is a Vietnam War veteran from southwest Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;¤ Â?Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Ku Klux Klan in his native North Carolina and Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x192; Â? Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;ÂŻÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;°Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;ÂĄÂ&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ¤ Â?Â&#x2C6; ¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; §Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;¢§Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;¢¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; ¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x17E;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x2026;¡ Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2039;Â&#x;Â&#x2026; ¢Â&#x2026;Â? Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Ă&#x2018;Â&#x201A; Â?¤¢Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; ¤man Rights made a presentation on white supremacists at the Jewish Community Center in ¤Â&#x2021;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;Â?¡Â&#x17E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2021;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2018;¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC;¢Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;ÂŁÂ&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; ¤Â&#x160;Â&#x2021;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x20AC;Â?Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â?Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;¢¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; included a description of Cross as an example of Â?Â&#x2C6; Â&#x2021;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;¡Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x2021;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2021;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â? Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030; ¸Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;ÂĄÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;  Â&#x201A; Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;§Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A; Â&#x17E; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; ¢Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; ¥Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â?Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2026;+Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Fish, director of the â&#x20AC;&#x153;Day of Discoveryâ&#x20AC;? event during which the presentation was given, said she did

 Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;+Â&#x2026; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Ă&#x2019;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Ă Ă&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;@Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; she called an educational program for the Jewish ¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x152;¤ Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192; Â? Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x192; Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;ÂŚÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2039; Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2020;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A; that monitors the activities of known white supremacists, says Cross also went by the name Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;´Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A; Â&#x;Â&#x2026;  Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC;Â&#x;Â&#x;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x201A; ¤Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x; Â&#x201A; ¨Ă&#x17D;Ă&#x2021;Ă&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;ÂŤÂ&#x201A; Cross was â&#x20AC;&#x153;one of the more notorious white suÂ&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â?Â?°Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;¢¢Â&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;  Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;¡ Â&#x2026;ÂĄÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;¤Â&#x2026;Â?

Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2026;Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2039;ÂĄÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2039; ŒÂ&#x20AC;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201E;¤ Â&#x192;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A; ¨Ă&#x17D;Ă&#x2021;ŸÂ&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; ÂĄÂ&#x2026;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2021;Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;¢§Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;¢§Â&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2021;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026; Â&#x2C6;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;¤Â&#x192;Â&#x2039;Â&#x152;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;¢Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039; Â&#x2030;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x2C6;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A; indicted on weapons charges and accused of plotting robberies and the assassination of the law ¢Â&#x2026; Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;¸Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;¤ Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;ÂŁÂ&#x2026;Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x160;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x160;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x2026;Â?Â&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x201A; Â&#x2018;Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039; Â? Â&#x160;Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;Â&#x201A;Â&#x160;Â&#x2C6; Â&#x201A;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â?Â?Â&#x201A; Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;ÂżĂ&#x20AC;Ă&#x20AC;½Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6; Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A; Â?Â?Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;ÂżĂ&#x20AC;¨Ă&#x20AC;Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x160;Â&#x20AC;ÂŤÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2C6;¢Â&#x201E;Â&#x201A;Â&#x192;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;Â&#x2030;Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;¤Â&#x2030;Â&#x20AC; Â&#x2021;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;ÂŚÂ&#x201E;Â&#x20AC;Â&#x192;Â&#x2026;¡Â&#x2018;Â&#x2039;ÂŚÂ&#x2026;Â&#x160;Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;Â&#x;Â&#x2C6;Â&#x192;ÂĄÂ&#x2039;Â&#x160;Â&#x152;Â?

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