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Newswatch Newspapers Ltd.


13

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

COVER

Scavengers in action at the Olusosun dumpsite in Ojota, Lagos

Scavenging: Booming businesses on dumpsites #$%&'()*'+,*-./+)*0(1'&*/(2/+,*+'+/,.'')3*/.$1),4+10()('/.%%.1&-+/*).'** 3*+&'.5,*5$'*+,.$10)3*'*-./+)(.1'63.$73)3*4+,*&,(%+,(-4'&.)'83*,*3*+&'.5 ,*5$'*+,**%&)(*0)3*&,*'*1/*.5'/+9*17*,'.1)3*'*0$%&'()*'('*+'(-41.)(/*+:-* ;3(-*-./+-8+')*%+1+7*,'+,*)3*,*).*%&)4)3*/.1)*1)'.5)3*(,),$/<''/+9*17*,' +,*.13+10).&(/<:()'+10&(*/*'5,.%'+%*;3+)('-(5*-(<*.1)3*'*0$%&'()*'= BUKOLA BAKARE, OLUWAKEMI ABIMBOLA and ADESEWA ODULANA +))*%&)).+1'8*,)3('?$*')(.1(1)3(',*&.,)83(-*)+<(17+&**&(1).)3*8.,-0.5 '/+9*17*,'83.%+<*+-(9(17(1+%.')$1$'$+-8+4

T

ime check was 7.15am and those who reside on this popular street in Lagos were rushing to start their day. While some were already out of the house to catch the bus, others were on the lookout for the local waste managers, popularly called Akole to empty their refuse. Adewale sauntered into the street and began to attend to his customers who already piled up heaps of refuse in front of their homes for collection. With as little as N50, he smiles home at the end of each dayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s job because he makes enough money to keep

body and soul together; especially in a society where the slogan: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Survival of the fittestâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; holds sway. As he left the street, one interesting thing is that he wheeled his cart to a nearby dumpsite where he emptied the contents. He went a step further to rummage the contents in a bid to scavenge for whatever useful items he could find. Welcome to the world of scavengers. These men and in some cases, women seem to have found a niche for themselves, making money off dumpsites. One wonders what the attraction is for them. In Adewaleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

case, he said that life became a tough turf for him when he lost his parents at the age of 19. Speaking to Sunday Newswatch, he said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;In 2005, I lost my father after a brief illness. My mother had passed on seven years earlier, so I was left in the lurch with no one to cater for me; I had to drop out of school. Worse still, I had two younger siblings to look after.â&#x20AC;? As fate would have it, someone introduced him to the refuse collection business where he makes little change. He continued: â&#x20AC;&#x153;After Continued on page 14

With their trademark faded clothes, sneakers or slippers, these scavengers often move round with a sack across their shoulders in search of â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;goldmineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;


14

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

COVER

Turning waste to wealth Continued from page 13 the day’s work, I go to the dump site in Yaba to empty the heap. I come across all sorts of things in the process- used clothes, shoes and even household appliances- while I sell some for little change, I go home with some that will be useful for me.” Dumpsites may not be located in every neighbourhood but they are prevalent in most slums in the country. With their trademark faded clothes, sneakers or slippers, these scavengers often move round with a sack across their shoulders in search of ‘goldmine’. As they make their way through the heaps of refuse, they use a specialised stick or iron to search through the refuse and within a few minutes, they pick up something useful (to them) and put it into their sack. A cross section of these people, who spoke to Sunday Newswatch, agreed that living off dumpsites is now a way of life. With the high level of poverty in the country, many now see the business of scavenging as one of the easiest ways to keep body and soul together. Idris Bello is a scavenger, who makes a living at Olososun dumpsite, in Lagos. A native of Bauchi State, he’s one of the few persons who make a living from the heaps of refuse here. He says that poverty was the main thing that led him into scavenging. “It may look a bit unusual but I think since I started this business, I have been able to raise little money to feed myself since I am the only one in Lagos. I have no relatives, so I have to fend myself somehow.” Speaking in Pidgin English, he added that he came to Lagos three years ago and was introduced to the business by one of his friends who was already working as a scavenger. He admits that in spite of the numerous challenges associated with the job, he is able to put food on his table. “I pick a lot of things from clothes to used nylons, spoilt and rotten materials, soft drink bottles, plastic, gallons, iron, spare parts of cars, cans, metals and other materials that come in handy after I have carefully sorted them out.” Idris says he sells some of his stuff to companies who want

A dumpsite

to re-cycle them into other products while he often finds useful items for himself too. There are quite a number of success stories of scavengers who have been able to make a life out of the dumpsite. Eric Obuh, also known as Slender Vocal, is one of them and used to be a scavenger. He earned a living from it, and importantly, it enabled him to get funds to pursue a musical career, which was his real passion. He was featured in a British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) documentary titled: ‘Welcome to Lagos’ some years ago. The documentary featured Obuh as a scavenger who worked and lived at the popular Olusosun dumpsite in Lagos, Nigeria. He made a living

Typical dumpsite within a residential area in Lagos

by collecting recyclable materials and selling them. He then saved his earnings to enable him buy studio time to produce a music album. Although Obuh acknowledged that the job had been good to him because it helped him keep body and soul

Eric Obuh, also known as Slender Vocal, is one of them and used to be a scavenger. He earned a living from it, and importantly, it enabled him to get funds to pursue a musical career, which was his real passion

together and make his music career a reality as he kept the fact that he was a scavenger from his family and friends; he wanted them to believe that the only thing he was doing was music to gain their respect. The documentary has since changed his life, as he was able to turn around from being a scavenger to being someone who empowers people from his community- Ajegunle - Ajeromi Ifelodun Local Government of Lagos State. Even though Obuh was able to break away from the dumpsite life and pursued his passion, there are still numerous energetic and hardworking youths who daily throng the Olusosun dumpsite in search of their daily bread. There are even those who sleep over, dress in rags and unmatched stockings that they almost look like mentally challenged destitute, until you see the sanity in the clarity of their gaze. Their life at the moment is dependent on your waste! The same waste that litter some parts of town, same which many people pay government agencies to take off them or even pay the unwanted cart pushers that come around to take their rubbish far away from them; there are people who live on these wastes. To them, the sight of waste is measured in its naira potentials. It does not matter the type of waste, there is money to be gotten from it. A visit to the Olusosun dumpsite at Ojota, revealed a different world which is constantly fuelled by


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SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

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despite health hazards scavenger looking through freshly deposited waste for whatever it is they collected. Be it table water bottles, empty can drinks, papers, tattered clothes, polythene products in whatever colours, wires and cables, tyres, car chargers, wheel chairs, jerry cans, iron drums from fuel stations etc. Just think about anything that people throw away, they can make money from it. Even chairs that were dumped on the site were used to carve out a sitting area right there on the dumpsite. On the morning of the visit to the dumpsite, going through Kudirat Abiola Avenue, to engage the entrance of the dumpsite at Alhaji Abayomi Adelaja Drive, there was a steady stream of young men, neatly dressed, heading towards the dumpsite. One even asked another man that was coming out of the gate of the dumpsite in Yoruba language, “se ise o si nile ni?” meaning ‘is there no work yet?’ On the left hand side of the street leading to the dumpsite are three blocks apartment, a church and a school that overlooks the dumpsite. The right hand side threw up mostly fenced properties where trailers were parked. Of the people heading to the dumpsite are pure water sellers and herbal concoction hawkers known as ‘Oni Paraga’. The stench that usually pervades the air as you drive towards Ojota from Berger bus stop or when you are at Motorways in Ojota/Ikeja axis is miraculously absent at the dumpsite. As you enter, on your left, you will see dumpsters littering the side of

To them, waste is measured in its naira potentials. It does not matter the type of waste; there is money to be gotten from it. A visit to the Olusosun dumpsite at Ojota revealed a different world, which is constantly inhabited by scavengers, looking through freshlydeposited waste for whatever it is they can obtain

Life goes-on on a dumpsite

the road with repairs being made on some of these garbage vehicles and then, there is the mountain of waste that must have accumulated over the years. The road beside the mountain of refuse leads to a church seated within the confines of the dumpsite which one of the boys loitering around the church, said would be demolished

as soon as the government “settles them.” Just as they did with the storey building that was where a huge crater now stands, from where sand is being dug to landfill other parts of the dumpsite. Just beside the church was a slim built man who identified himself as Obioha; he was filling a very large bag with white nylons, while he was

surrounded by the same nylons in different colours. He said, he could only fill one of those large bags in a day, one of which weighs up to 30kg because he would not be allowed to go to the dumpsite to pick. The scavengers, popularly called ‘bolars’ have a clique, an informal one that ensures that only its members Continued on page 16

Poverty led me into scavenging -Idris Bello Id Bello is a young man determined to succeed Idris against all odds. The need to survive made him ag g relocate from his home town in Bauchi State, re to scavenge at the Olusosun dumpsite in Ojota area of Lagos, not minding the risks involved. ar When ADESEWA ODULANA met him, he said poverty Wh ADE was the major reason why he went into the business. Excerpts:

Y

ou are one of the scavengers found at the Olusosun dumpsite in Lagos. How did you get here? My name is Idris Bello and I am an indigene of Bauchi State. I am in my mid 20s. I came to Lagos three years ago from the North to find a means of survival and make life better for myself. Why did you decide to work as a scavenger? I decided to go into this business because of poverty. My friend introduced me to the job three years ago. It may look a bit unusual but I think since I started this business, I have been able to raise little money to feed myself since I am the only one in Lagos. I have no relatives, so I had to fend myself somehow. What are the kinds of things you pick from the heap of refuse?

I pick a lot of things; from clothes to used nylons, spoilt and rotten materials, soft drink bottles, plastic, gallons, iron, spare parts of cars, cans, metals and other materials that come in handy, after I have carefully sorted them out. Do you sell these things or what exactly do you do with them? Yes, we sell them to some companies that recycle them into new materials. Other materials are actually produced from these wastes and what we do is to make the raw materials available to the manufacturers. For how much? The people that buy them pay between 3,000 to 5,000 naira depending on the material we sell to them. You must be making some money then? Apart from the money made from

sold materials, I am also being paid a salary of 12,000 naira monthly because I scavenge on behalf of some people. They give me the stipend at the end of the month. Are there any health implications for you? Yes. Health implications include skin diseases, typhoid fever and cholera. These are rampant with this kind of job but we take the necessary drugs to avoid falling sick. That is the only way we can survive.

Bello


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Stop! Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t waste the waste Continued from page 15 scour the wasteland for recyclable materials. He picks all the nylons he sights, whether coloured or white. If the white ones are dirty, he washes them as they fetch more money when they are clean. The coloured ones are put together in one sack; they donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t need washing, no matter how dirty they might be. â&#x20AC;&#x153;These ones are called dirty (pointing to the coloured and very dirty nylons piled around him), they take it to Gilankpa at New Garage bus stop; there are companies there that recycle them and use them to make coloured plastic products like that yellow plastic drum and the white nylons are used for slippers and some other things,â&#x20AC;? Obioha said. He went on to state that anybody that brings materials that can be recycled, especially that of plastic containers will be frustrated, as the leaders of the scavengers might not even weigh it before stating the price that they will buy it. He advised that taking it to the market either at Ketu or Ojota would Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; to traders who use it for sales of kerosene, palm oil and groundnut oil at these markets. Sunday Newswatch saw several trucks, loaded with both empty Â&#x2022;Â?<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;ÂŁÂĄÂ?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â?¨ Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; dumpsite. And two others were being loaded with the same materials. Obioha earlier mentioned that only those who sell to the recycling companies in large quantities make the most money as they buy the products ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;¢ªÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â?ÂŞÂŹÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?<Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; and sell to the companies at high prices. Apart from selling to companies, some of the sellers there sell to people who just come into the dumpsite to buy particular things like the jerry cans that a trailer driver came to buy from one of the traders at the dumpsite. Life on the dumpsite seems actually lively, as there are small shops that sell Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013; Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢ ¨E¢Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Œ¢ª¨Œ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013; ¢ŽÂ&#x2014; There is food, if you are interested. Right there on the dumpsite, you ­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢¼Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; ­¼Â?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; patrons are from the northern part of the country. Sugar cane for snacks, mobile  Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂĄÂ?Â&#x2DC;¢¤Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;

Scavengers at work

Other businesses at the dumpsite

stall and as you can imagine in such a ¢Œ ¨Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ­¼ŒEÂ&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;F¨Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; air, especially from the Yoruba speaking clique noted on the site. Health hazards According to health practitioners, scavenging has some detrimental Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª ¢Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¥ ¼Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢ªÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢¤Â&#x2014; ­¼Â?Â&#x2014; ¢¨EÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;Œ Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; respiratory diseases with coughing, ¢Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ºŒÂ&#x161;§¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013; ªŽÂ&#x2014;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;΢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; scabies, minor injuries from stepping Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â?<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2022;½Â&#x2013;ª ¢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; the refuse, headaches from working in the sun, and backaches from bending down most of the time are some other ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂşÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢ªÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; some of the traders in the environment. Other infections associated with waste scavenging include: skin and blood infections resulting from direct contact with waste and from infected wounds; eye and respiratory

ÂŚÂ&#x161;ŠÂ&#x2013;ª ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢¨¥ ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;Â?¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ŠÂ&#x2013;ª Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;¨¢ ¸Â&#x2014;ÂşÂ?Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â?¢Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢¨¥ ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; bites by wild or stray animals feeding on wastes, and enteric infections  Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x153;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;žŒÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2014; diseases like respiratory diseases and ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢¨¥ ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;Â?¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;¨¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂşÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â?¨¢Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â?¨Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;¢Ž Accidental injuries include skeletal disorders, resulting from the handling of heavy containers, infected wounds from contact with sharp items; poisoning and chemical burns, resulting from contact with small Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â?¨Â&#x161; ¢Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂşÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â?¨¢Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x153;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;ÂŚÂľÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; §Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;¸Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; and other injuries from occupational accidents at waste disposal sites or ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013; ¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;š§Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;ÂĄÂ?¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; landfill sites.

Fact file on waste generation and management in Nigeria °Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2014; ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; §Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ¹Ž²³ §Â&#x2014; solid waste per day. °Â?¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;¢Â?ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Nigeria among others are commercial, industrial, household, agricultural and educational establishments. °ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;´¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŞÂŚÂ&#x17E;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; used to produce enormous amount of methane gas, a type of fuel. °ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â?¢Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; embarked on a venture aimed at turning the unenviable condition of its solid waste generation into a blessing. ° Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014; ¢Â?Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;§ŒÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; produce gas from the heaps of refuse Â&#x203A;Â?<ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013; Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;Â?¥Œ¢¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; generating direly-needed revenue and serving sundry purposes. °ÂľÂ&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC; ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;Â?¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014; Â?¾ŒªÂ&#x2014; chemicals from e-waste - including lead, cadmium, mercury, chromium and polybrominated biphenyls - can damage the brain and nervous system, Â&#x2122;EÂ&#x2013;ª Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;£¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; birth defects. °ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â?¢Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; ¢Â&#x2014; to reduce scavenging at dumpsites with  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂŁÂŞÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;EÂ?Â&#x2DC; ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; Œ¢Œ Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;¨Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;¢Œ Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;EÂ?Â&#x2DC; ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; stepped up. °Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;§Â?Â&#x2DC;΢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â?¤Â&#x2014; household waste; municipal waste Âś¡¸Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x161;š¼Â&#x2122;ÂşÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â?¨¢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x203A;¨¢ Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;¢¸Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂşÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â?¨¢Â&#x2014; œ Â?¾Œª¡Â&#x2014; industrial wastes; construction and demolition (C&D) waste; health care wastes â&#x20AC;&#x201C; waste generated in health care facilities (e.g. hospitals, medical research facilities); human and animal wastes; and incinerator wastes. °Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;­Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;΢Â&#x17E;Â?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; waste through waste disposal made available the government, drainages, canals and truck pushing scavengers. °¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x17E;¨¥Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; method of waste disposal in Nigeria, even in designated waste dump sites. °ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â?ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  £Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ª¥¨Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; paper, nylon, wood, dust, cloth, metal ¢ªÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;¢¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;ª Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2014;§Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;§Â&#x2013; ¢¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; remnants and vegetables; saw dust, ashes, rubber, bones and plastics.

Traders going about their businesses near a dumpsite


           

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30

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

OPINION www.mydailynewswatchng.com

Sunday Newswatch -Tradition built on truth

Published by Newswatch Newspapers Ltd. BARRISTER JIMOH IBRAHIM, OFR - PUBLISHER

MOSES JOLAYEMI DELE FASHOMI PATRICK ASONYE OLANREWAJU OYETADE MIKAIL MUMUNI AKIN ORIMOLADE SONI EHI ASUELIMEN IBILOLA ADEFOPE OLUKAYODE OGUNJOBI

MD/CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER EDITOR, DAILY EDITOR, SATURDAY EDITOR, SUNDAY EDITOR, NATIONâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S CAPITAL EDITOR, NORTHERN OPERATIONS EDITORIAL PAGE EDITOR GENERAL COUNSEL HEAD, GRAPHICS

OUR VISION To support Nigeriaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s quest for justice through intellectual approach

OUR MISSION To fight for justice using intellectual approach, balanced, indepth reporting; providing a veritable platform for Africaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s growth, deploying our God-given talent and resources through enduring commitment and loyalty that will justify public confidence

989:;<=>:<?@ABDEFGD>H<;I>@BJ<A9<9KFDB9J<G> editorial@mydailynewswatchng.com and addressed to the Editor, Sunday Newswatch Newspaper 159/161, Broad Street, Lagos Tel: 0709 850 4488, 0709 882 1624

Governor Ahmed and the northern economy Abdulwahab Alabi Oba

W

alking through the streets of Kaduna, you see several relics of the cityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s once fabulous and thriving textile industry. In this nation, Kaduna was once the centre for textile industry while neighbouring states of the north also shared in the prosperity of the region that was linked to its then thriving agricultural sector. But that was then. Today, the textile industry in Kaduna is a shadow of itself. So are other industries that once made the north proud. The region has lost its Â?Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; §Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x17E;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x203A;¨ª ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; sector of the economy and today, it is subject to the dictates of allocations from oil revenues from the south-south. Recently, leaders of the north, under the auspices of the Arewa Consultative Forum, ACF, gathered to once again rub minds on how to extricate the region from this ugly situation, reverse the trend and restore the glory of the north as they met it when many of them were toddlers. And in looking for a man to draw a map to point the way forward, they found one in Abdulfatah Ahmed, the eloquent, resourceful and intelligent governor of Kwara State, without doubt a man with testimony on the topic that became the focus of the gathering: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Northern Nigerian Economy Free of Oil Revenue.â&#x20AC;? In Kwara, ÂĽÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x153;Œ¢¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; for Finance and later Economic Planning before assuming the mantle of governor, has been part of an award winning strategy to reposition the state, and indeed the nationâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s understanding and involvement in agriculture. He is a man with deep experience in the mix of politics and economics, who is passionate not only about Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢ŒÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x153;£¤Â&#x2014; but potentials of an agribusiness. Those who chose him were sure  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Œ§¼ Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ªŒ¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; listening to his lecture. It was an Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x153;Œ¾ ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;¨ ¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014; the realities facing the region and what it can do to save the ¢Œ ¨Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;0Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ponder on two critical questions that will eventually shape their response to the six propositions he presented in the seminar paper. The two questions were: â&#x20AC;&#x153;For how long, then, will we (the north) allow others to threaten us with

economic strangulation unless we move in a particular political direction? When will oil revenues that are outside our control cease to determine the future of the people of Northern Nigeria?â&#x20AC;? According to Gov. Ahmed, the extent to which Northern Nigeria controls its economic resources will ultimately determine the degree of its political power and by extension, its freedom. In other words, if the north cherishes real political freedom and power, it should strengthen its agricultural base where it has comparative advantage over other regions. His words: â&#x20AC;&#x153;I hold that only Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª ŒÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; agribusiness can sustain a Northern Nigeria economy free of oil revenues. Additionally, I assert that in order to achieve the agro-based prosperity that this region so deserves, we must also engender good governance, grow the right institutions to implement appropriate policies while entrenching equity and respect for rule of law as the foundations of agro-led prosperity. â&#x20AC;&#x153;However, we must not mistake agribusiness for the ad hoc and centralized approaches to commercial agriculture that we have implemented over the years. Neither do I advocate the isolated agriculture programs implemented with limited success by states in the region. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Rather, I propose an approach  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Š¨¥¥£Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;ÂĄÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŤÂ&#x2122;¥¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; chains by providing inputs to farmers and connecting them to ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;¢¨Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2DC;Â?¨§¼Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x161;§¤Â&#x2014; handling, processing, storage, transportation, marketing and distribution of agro products. Each point of this value chain Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;΢Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;¢Œ§Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x2DC; ¨Â&#x161;Œ ŒÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; for economic activities, jobs and markets that will also grow the revenues of other components of the chain, especially the small holder and large commercial farming concerns. Ă&#x201E;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2022;ÂŤÂŚÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x; Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; approach is the emphasis on value addition as opposed to the sale and export of primary produce that has dominated our agriculture over the years. Furthermore, this approach also makes it possible to forecast demand and therefore  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;Â&#x2013;ª Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013; ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; to its demand driven approach. The demand driven approach ensures that farmers and others

along the value chain know from the beginning who will buy their produce or require their services. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Indeed, Northern Nigeriaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s antecedents in agriculture and its current share of the food supply market in Nigeria clearly demonstrate that its agribusiness opportunities are limitless. There remain largely untapped opportunities for agribusiness in the region, especially in view of high prices for food locally, Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;§ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;¥¥£¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;§¥Â?Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂŁÂŽÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2013;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Œ Â&#x2013;¥£¤Â&#x2014; the economic future of this region lies squarely in appropriately planned agribusiness. â&#x20AC;&#x153;However, to achieve this vision of agribusiness-driven prosperity in Northern Nigeria, we must move beyond rhetoric and return to the basics.â&#x20AC;? What were his proposed solutions to the challenges facing the region? He listed them as follows: â&#x20AC;&#x153;One, we must put in place the necessary ingredients for building a prosperous agro-based economy. Two, we must focus on human capital development through the provision of functional Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¨ªÂ&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;EÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; health care. Three, there is need for greater collaboration among the 19 Northern states so that each can leverage on the othersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; strengths in agribusiness for

optimal resource utilization and to eliminate wastage. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Four, I call for a Northern Nigeria agribusiness summit to fashion a road map for the restoration of our regions prosperity. Five, at the core of successes and failures in our polity highlighted earlier is the quality of governance. Political parties must, therefore, entrench a democratic tradition that ensures adherence to rule of law, equity, and good governance by those elected on their platform. Six, as part of Â&#x2013;EÂ?Â&#x2DC; ¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014; economy, the 19 component states must increase Internally Generated Revenue.â&#x20AC;? But above all, there was still a clincher the leaders were asked to ¥Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x17E;¨ Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;0Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; avoid eating with it. He said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;let me make something very clear. For as long as the greater proportion of those without western education live in Northern Nigeria, for as long as majority of our people live below the poverty line, as long as we harbour the largest number of Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¿Œª Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x203A;΢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ?Â&#x161;§Â&#x2014; as our region remains a theatre of war, as long as our youths remain Â&#x2122;¿Œª Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¨Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ?ÂŁÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; vision of agribusiness-based prosperity that I have outlined above will remain a mirage.â&#x20AC;?

Thus he said it has become a Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¨Â&#x2DC;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂŁÂ&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x2DC; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ª ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; end despair and deprivation in Northern Nigeria. And the way to do it, according to the bankerturned politician, is to prioritize people-focused governance that urgently transforms the lives of the average northerner. Speaking, the no-nonsense General Buhari charged northern governors not to allow Governor Ahmedâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s submission go the way of similar recommendations ¢¨Â&#x2022;Â&#x153;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Governorsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Forum ten years ago. Earlier in his submission, Chairman, ACF Board of Patrons, General Yakubu Gowon, said Gov. Ahmedâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s submission was timely, though warned that oil revenue should not be regarded as a curse simply because such revenue has been misapplied in the past at the expense of the well being of most Nigerians. At the end, participants agreed that Ahmed had provided a workable solution to the restoration of the glory of the north. What is ÂĄÂ&#x2013;0Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ª ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; the policy directions he provided. AF<D;<GI9<ID9=<:9;;<9E:9GF:L< G><GI9< MF:F<GFG9< >O9:H>:<FHJ< M:DG9;<=:>K< B>:DHP


31

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

OPINION

Sochi Olympic Games 2014: Molodets Prof. Emmanuel Omoh Esiemokhai

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he reliefs on the bronze gates of the Baptistery of Florence are the life-long artistic work of the Italian gold-smith and sculptor, Lorenzo Ghiberti, who lived from 1387-1455. The work was described by Michelangelo as worthy to be â&#x20AC;&#x153;the gates of paradise.â&#x20AC;? In this Universe of Man, there are people, who live for high ideals and fervently appreciate great learning and great wisdom. There are mammonic devotees, ­¼Â?Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; ¼¥£Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¥ ¼¤Â&#x2014; mundane pursuits, and vainglorious accumulation of unworthy titles. ¨ª¼Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ª Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚ<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; advancement of the race. The true Â&#x161;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;¥Œ¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x17E;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚ0Â&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;¨Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; and place it on a pedestal cemented with marble. What Peter the Great did for Russia at the feudal level, Vladimir Putin has done for MAT Russia, in the 21st century. Against all formidable odds, he has moved Russia into the 21st century with main achievements. ¨ ŒÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;£¢Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2DC;£¤Â&#x2014; where toughness must meet the challenge. That was what John F. Kennedy did for America and General De Gaulle did for France. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Nebouitsa, ni puha, nipera,â&#x20AC;? Putin faces major societal challenges with equanimity, with enthusiasm and mirth. He frowns upon those states which seek to dominate the world, arguing that no one nation has all the right answers to the problems of our decaying world. He fought hard to win the right to host the winter Olympics, in other to show how far Russia has come, building on the existing Soviet infrastructure and the modernization, which the new cadre of Russian young intellectuals have designed and executed. The Putin collective narrative of Russiaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s development represents considerably higher advancement than what the Soviets achieved, although one must appreciate that the Soviets were bogged down by

In this way, more people will know Russia for themselves rather than rely on chocolate-coated commentaries of denigration, as was fashionable during the Soviet era

internationalism, world liberation from capitalist oppression, aiding the liberation movements in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, which set them in collusion for the drenching Cold War and ideological struggles with the West. Both the US and Russia have Â&#x2122;ÂŤÂ?ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x153;Â&#x17E;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; staged in each otherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s venue. The ordinary people were deprived of watching the games. Since the Sochi Winter Olympics started, not much of the games have been carried by the national media of major states. Anyone one who says that politics and the Olympics have no connection may now see the stark truth. They invariably have, but who loses and should they? When will the squabble end? Œ ¼Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x; Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x203A;¢Œ§¼ ¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Cold War was counter-productive Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Œ¥Œ Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;£š industrial complex. Also, the Soviets carried the Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â?¨¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; socialist nations of Eastern European states, including the Ukraine. In re-constructing the Russian Federal Republic, Putin assembled the Old Boys of the Kommitet Gosudarsvo Bezopasnoct, who had

been well-trained in diplomacy, ¢ Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â&#x2013;¥¥Œ§Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; §Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂŤÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂşÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â?­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?EÂ&#x2014; insurrectional activities of â&#x20AC;&#x153;genuine political mal-contents, paid agents, real or imagined.â&#x20AC;? Putin beat-back the irreverent and misguided â&#x20AC;&#x153;Pussy Riotâ&#x20AC;? and their supporters to host the 2014 Sochi Olympics in style and high cost. Sochi is a beautiful holiday resort, both in winter and summer. During the Soviet era, Champagne socialists, suhoi vodka drinkers and red and black caviar eaters assembled to glorify good living, which was available more to avantgardists than the â&#x20AC;&#x153;narod.â&#x20AC;? The Russian Government may wish to use the Russian Railways to take tourist to Sochi in both winter and summer. In this way, more people will know Russia for themselves rather than rely on chocolate-coated commentaries of denigration, as was fashionable during the Soviet era. Soviet-era vibes and pejorative ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;¢¢Â&#x2014;ª¨¥ ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; literature of the Cold War period. Today, there is an army of jobless anti-Russian propagandists, who have nothing more to say than tell the truth about Russia and China.

Only the truth shall set the world free. All the worst case scenarios conjured up by infernal commentators did not happen! I have been a watcher of Soviet and Russian political history since the overthrow of Nikita Khrushov to the Sochi Olympics. In international politics, those who constantly peddle arrant negativism have always faced occasional degradation. I have observed that of all of the turmoil and imperfections of the Soviet/Russian governance, under Nikita Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Podgorny, Andrei Gromyko, Dobrinin, Andropov and other members of the Ideological Collective that have guided the Soviets and Russia, a kind of political model that has social consciousness - oriented towards the people is manifest. The political order has been focused in a god-king, whether Peter the Great, Ivan the Terrible, Stalin, Lenin, Brezhnev, the drunken populist, Medvedev or Putin, supported and surrounded by a priestly bureaucracy, whose members interpret the world through the form Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x153;£ ¼Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122; ŒªÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; astronomy-astrology. ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014; Â?0Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?¢Â&#x153;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2014;

evaluation of how the Russian ­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;ÂŚEÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; pretences of other states, which, having failed to eradicate hunger Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Œ¥¥Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2014; hegemonic impositions, which have proved fragile, wasteful and consequential. Russia must not consider political opposition in terms of Soviet hostility to dissent, for this is what its adversaries capitalize upon to paint a picture that scares other people as if Frankenstein walks the streets, which is not true. Let the demonstrators have their say, while the democratic government has its way, if it is not the problem. In every state, there will always be irritations from centrifugal and centripetal forces, which play out at the barricades. However, good governance that places the peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s worries above §Â&#x2013;Â?šÂ&#x17E;Â?¥Œ ŒªÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2013;E¨¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;¢¼Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; tensions in democracies, in which the law enforcement cadre goes over the bend and over the top, in the name of state security. In the era of the Gentiles, the only security that is sure is that which is provided by God, the Father. To Putin and his team, I say â&#x20AC;&#x153;Molodets.â&#x20AC;? V:>=9;;>:< :P< KKFH@9B< K>I< ;D9K>WIFD< D;< GI9< =>@HJ9:< >=< GI9< X<F:GL<>=<DY9:DFP

2015: The real issue in Bauchi State Yuguda Isa Durum

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irst and foremost, I am not a friend, family member, associate or an aide to the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Minister. So, it should not be misconstrued that I am holding forth for him. Rather, I should be regarded as an ordinary citizen of Bauchi State expressing my inherent rights as it has to do with issues related to Bauchi State. In recent times, one Ibrahim Aliyu Azare, who parades himself as the Secretary, Movement for the Defence of Justice, published a one-and-a-half page write-up in the Daily Trust newspaper with the caption, â&#x20AC;&#x153;2015: THE SUCCESSION QUESTION IN BAUCHI STATE 1.â&#x20AC;? In the write-up, he made a case for the next Governor of Bauchi State not to surface from Bauchi South Senatorial District. The write up was, to say the least, provocative, sentimental and indecorous. From the start to its very conclusion, it was obvious that the purpose of those behind the publication was to blackmail innocent persons and create an atmosphere of discord in the state. The focal point of the author(s)â&#x20AC;&#x2122; misleading argument is that the Bauchi South Senatorial District has occupied the governorship seat

for too long and therefore, the seat should go to the other districts in 2015. Apart from making several references to the Hon. Minister of FCT, Senator Bala Abdulkadir Mohammed, CON, the brains of the ÂĽÂ?Â?Â&#x203A;­ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2DC;Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x17E; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; vainly to disrepute some eminent politicians who they perceive to be the Ministerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s supporters or close associates in the state, supposedly in a bid to provoke, divert and heat up the state, thus creating a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility. It evidently can be presumed from the cynical write-up that it was the ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2DC;Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ª ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; a script that was dictated by some highly placed impish and hidebound elements in the state. That explains why the piece was unsystematically made and delivered. First, the mental shallowness and cheap approach of the perpetrators became manifest when they syndicated the ¢Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;¨Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚEÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; names in the Daily Trust and the Leadership newspapers. The latest publication, which appeared in the January 13, 2014 edition of the Daily Trust, bore the by-line of one Ibrahim Aliyu Azare who parades himself as the Secretary, Movement for The Defence of Justice (MDJ). However, in sponsoring that publication, those behind the

mischief forgot that two earlier publications of the self-same writeup bearing Mohammad Ameer as the author had been published on December 25, 2013 on page 40 of the Leadership newspaper titled â&#x20AC;&#x153;Bauchi 2015 and Succession Question (1)â&#x20AC;? and another on December 29, 2013 on page 30 of the Daily Trust newspaper with a Â&#x203A;ÂŚEÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;ÂŽ The rabble-rousers in their intrinsic self-centredness, extreme anxiety Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Œ £Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŚÂ?¨¢¥£Â&#x2014;Â&#x;ÂľÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; same write-up with phoney names ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚEÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;­¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢ŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ª ¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x17E;¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x17E;Â?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;ÂŚEÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Œ¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; by disparaging all those believed to be directly or indirectly associated with him as political associates who do not command palpable support in both his constituency and the state. But the reality is that the persons referred to are people of veracity and impeccable personality who muster enormous goodwill and support not only within their respective constituencies but the state as a whole. Yet, it remains unwarrantable why the obsession of the faceless author(s) and their underwriters is targeted at disparaging the FCT Minister and those that are perceived to be his loyalists.

The phobia and desperation as exhibited by this evil axis is evidently intended to dissuade the Minister from assenting to the unalloyed calls on him by well meaning personalities from all local government areas of Bauchi State to contest the governorship election in the state in 2015. But the incontrovertible truth remains that the FCT Minister has not yet declared his intention of running for the governorship of Bauchi State, notwithstanding the fact that it is his constitutional right to run. Evidently, Senator Bala Mohammed is diligently engrossed in the massive development and provision of sterling service athwart the length and breadth of the FCT and basically remains unperturbed by the mendacity of a group of disingenuous persons. The most important issue that should be discussed now is the issue of identifying the most suitable candidate that will accelerate development and provide sterling services for the state in an inclusive manner. This is the time to ensure  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;§Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x153;¢Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;EÂ&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Bauchi State. The people of Bauchi State, regardless of their senatorial districts of origin, are hopeful of

qualitative living standard, good Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;EÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¥ ¼ªÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢£¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;¤Â&#x2014; gainful employment, peace and security, standard education, Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x2022;¨¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ª Â&#x2014; international investments and so on. Luckily, our state is largely a homogenous one. Our people, be they from south, central or north, are one and the same. We speak the same language, eat the same food and have the same philosophy and direction. Furthermore, I remain resolute in my assertion that there was never a time any agreement on rotational governorship was made by any political party or any provision for that in the constitution of the party or the federation. This clearly shows that the main issue in the political landscape in Bauchi is devoid of a candidateâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s district of birth. Rather, it portends more on the level of experience that the candidate possesses in addition  Â?Â&#x2014;¼Œ¢Ă&#x2C6;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Ă&#x2030;¨Œ¢Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Ă&#x2030;¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;ÂŽ The citizens of Bauchi are more politically conscious and they will not be taken for a ride anymore by these agent provocateurs and their cynical paymasters. $@Y@JF< ;F< @:@KZ< [\Z< PPZ< Bauchi State, wrote via ymdurum@ YKFDBPE>K




    







      

 

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


33

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

SCIENCE

...from the beginning

Impact of sewing machine Chris Uba chris.uba@mydailynewswatchng.com

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ut of the inventions created during the industrial revolution, the invention of the sewing machine had one of the largest impacts on our lives. The invention of the sewing machine caused Â&#x2022;Â? ¼Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â?¢Œ ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;§Â&#x2122; ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª ¢Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; global economies and citizens. The sewing machine greatly assisted Â&#x161;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x153;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;EÂ&#x2013;ª ¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; lives of citizens all over the world. The clothes we wear today were produced by a type of sewing machine. The sewing machine made making fabric easier and faster than having it hand made. If the sewing machine were not invented, we ­Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢¨6ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; clothes. A sewing machine is a machine used to stitch fabric and other materials together with thread. Sewing machines ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;¨¢ Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies Before sewing machines were invented, women had to spend a large amount of their time on maintaining family clothing. Middle-class housewives, even with the aid of a hired seamstress, would have to spend several days of every month on this task. It would take a seamstress some 14 hours to make a dress shirt for a man; a dress took 10 hours, and a pair of summer pants nearly three hours. Most individuals would have only two sets of clothing: a ­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŹÂ&#x2014;Â?¨ Â&#x; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;¨Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â?¨ Â&#x; Ž Sewing machines reduced the time for making a dress shirt to one hour 15 minutes, the time to make a dress to an hour, and the time for a pair of summer pants to 38 minutes. This reduced labour resulted in women having a diminished role in household management, and allowed more hours for their own leisure as well as the ability to seek more employment. Industrial use of sewing machines further reduced the burden placed upon housewives, moving clothing production from housewives and seamstresses to large-scale factories. The movement to large-scale factories also resulted in a decrease the amount of time clothing production took, which caused the prices for clothing  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; ¢Œ§Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161; ¥£ŽÂ&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; manufacturers were able to decrease the number of workers needed to produce

An old sewing machine

the same amount of clothing, resulting in reduced costs. As well manufacturers could produce even more clothing, žÂ?Â?Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŹÂ&#x2013; Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; clothes than currently demanded. With the supply being higher than the demand for clothing, it was required that the cost of clothing decrease in order to clear the market and avoid surplus. One example of this decrease in production costs is in New Haven, Connecticut US in 1860. By installing sewing machines in the factory a shirt manufacturer needed only employ 400 instead of 2000 workers to create 800 dozen shirts. Despite an increase in wages in this instance, the manufacturerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s costs decreased from 6,000 dollars to 1,600 dollars. ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Œ ŒÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª ¢Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;¢Â&#x2013;­ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; on workers were both positive and negative, however in the long run  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;§Â&#x2122; ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; of the women who had previously been busy at home could now seek employment in factories, increasing the income for their family. This allowed ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;ÂŚÂĄÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;EÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; sets of clothing and items than they previously could. For seamstresses, home sewing machines allowed them to produce clothing for the average person Â&#x203A;¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ?Â&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014;­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂĄÂ? ¼Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?­¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª ŒÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; their earnings. When industrial sewing machines initially became popular many seamstresses working in factories as well as those working at home lost their jobs as it enabled fewer workers could produce the same output. In the long run these now unemployed workers along with thousands of men and children, would eventually be able to gain employment in jobs created as the clothing industry grew. ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;­ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;´¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª ¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; clothing industry resulted in major

changes for other industries as well. Â?<Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x203A;¨ª ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; in order to match the demand of the Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;­Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂĄÂ? ¼ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;ª Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢ŽÂ&#x2014;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢¨¥ Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?<Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; became planted in new areas where it hadnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t previously been farmed. Other industries involved in the Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; ¢¨ª¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; metal companies who provided for parts of the machines and shippers to move the increased amounts of goods. Gun makers visited clothing factories in order to perfect their own mass production techniques. In addition to being important for clothing production, sewing machines also became important in the manufacturing of furniture with upholstery, curtains and towels, toys, books, and many other products. Hand sewing is an art form that is Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x160;¹¤¹¹¹Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; Â?ÂĄÂ&#x203A;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;­ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; needles were made of bones or animal ÂĽÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; of animal sinew. Iron needles were invented in the 14th century. People have always needed clothing, so sewing is one of the oldest trades around. The iron needle was invented in the 14th century, but the needle with an eye did not appear until the 15th century. Since this time, there have been various improvements to the art of sewing, ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Industrial Revolution.

ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;² ¼Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂŽÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â?¢¢ŒÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; connected to mechanical sewing was a 1755 British patent issued to German, Charles Weisenthal. Weisenthal was issued a patent for a needle that was designed for a machine, however, the patent did not describe the rest of the machine if one existed. The English inventor and cabinet maker, Thomas Saint was issued the Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; sewing in 1790. It is not known if Saint actually built a working prototype of his invention. The patent describes an awl that punched a hole in leather and passed a needle through the hole. A later reproduction of Saintâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s invention based on his patent drawings did not work. In 1810, German, Balthasar Krems invented an automatic machine for sewing caps. Krems did not patent his invention and it never functioned well. Austrian tailor, Josef Madersperger Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x17E; ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; machine for sewing and was issued a Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Ă&#x2039;ÂłĂ&#x2039;Ă&#x152;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x17E; ¢Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; considered unsuccessful. In 1804, a French patent was granted to Thomas Stone and James Henderson for â&#x20AC;&#x153;a machine that emulated hand sewing.â&#x20AC;? That same year a patent was §Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?<Â&#x2014; Â?ÂĽÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; â&#x20AC;&#x153;embroidery machine with multiple needles.â&#x20AC;? Both inventions failed and %&%'()*+,&%,-/'0*(%12-*-/*+12'/&%* ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â?Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;§Â?<Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;¨Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂŚÂŞÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; sewing Ă&#x2039;ÂłĂ&#x2039;³¤Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2013;­ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; was invented by John Adams Doge and John Knowles. Their machine failed to sew any useful amount of fabric before malfunctioning. Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; Š¨Â&#x161;ª ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;­ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; was invented by the French tailor, Barthelemy Thimonnier, in 1830. Thimonnierâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s machine used only one thread and a hooked needle that made the same chain stitch used with embroidery. The inventor was almost killed by an enraged group of French tailors who burnt down his garment factory because they feared unemployment as a result of his new invention. In 1834, Walter Hunt built Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; ¢¨ªªÂ&#x2013;¢¢Š¨¥Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;­ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; later lost interest in patenting because he believed his invention would cause A modern sewing machine

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SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

SCIENCE

...from the beginning

Chinese scientists grow teeth from urine C

hinese scientists claim they have been able to generate new teeth from a strange source: human urine. In a study published in the Cell Regeneration Journal, researchers from the Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health say they were able to create induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from cells in human urine and coax  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;ÂŚEÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;  £Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; that mimic tooth components such as enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp. Stem cells have shown great promise because of their ability to be made into many types of cells including heart cells Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¨Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;¢ŽÂ&#x2014; 0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ª¨¥ ¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; iPSCs, they were mixed with mouse cells and transplanted into the miceâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s jawbones. In three weeks â&#x20AC;&#x153;tooth-like ¢ Â&#x2DC;¨ª ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; only a 30 percent success rate. ÂĽÂŚÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?EÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; for those who have lost teeth due to decay or injury, the teeth generated in the process were only about one-third as hard as human teeth. Harvesting stem cells from urine avoids the controversy of using human embryonic stem cells, but Prof. Chris Mason, a stem cell scientist at University College London, told the BBC that urine does not make for a good source of stem cells and that it is prone to infection. â&#x20AC;&#x153;You just wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t do it in this ­Â&#x2122;£¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;ÂŽ

Longer breastfeeding leads to smarter kids According to researchers, children who were breastfed longer had higher scores on intelligence or IQ tests. Using standardized tests, researchers at Boston Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Hospital in Â&#x2122;¢¢Â&#x2122;ª¼¨¢Â&#x2013;<¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;¢Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; 1,300 children whose mothers were enrolled in a long-term study that looked

for ways to improve maternal and child health. Investigators tested the youngsters at age 3 to determine their ability to understand language. Lead researcher Mandy Brown Belfort says aptitude was an average of 2.5 percent higher among children who received nothing but Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;ÂŚÂĄÂŹÂ&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;¤Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; to infants who were given formula. â&#x20AC;&#x153;And then at age 7, we looked at verbal Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x161;šÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚ<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Œ Â&#x2014; ¢ Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â?¤Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2014; additional month of breastfeeding, the IQ score was about a third of a point ¼Œ§¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;¥ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC; Ž Belfort, a neonatologist at Boston Childrenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s and professor of paediatrics at Harvard Medical School, says breastfeeding was not associated with higher scores on a test that measured memory and learning. However, researchers found that visual

A dentist working on a patient

motor skills, or the ability of the eyes to §¨ŒÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¢¤Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Ă?Â&#x2014; year olds whose mothers consumed two Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŤÂŚÂ&#x161;§¢Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x;¢¼Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; point, Belfort says investigators can only speculate as to the reasons why breastfed children had higher IQs. â&#x20AC;&#x153;One is that there are either nutrients or other substances in breast milk that Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x; Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂ?Â&#x17E;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014; been discovered yet, and so arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t being Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â?¨ ŒÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;ŠÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;¨¥Â&#x2122;¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014;¢¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; said. Another possible explanation for  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢ ŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; on IQ, according to Belfort, is there is something about the interaction between mother and baby that boosts the childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s intelligence. A study on the link between the length of breastfeeding and IQ in children is published in the journal JAMA Paediatrics.

Evolution, impact of sewing machine Continued from page 33

unemployment. (Huntâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s machine could only sew straight steams.) Hunt Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;ÂłĂ&#x152;Ă?¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; American patent was issued to Elias Howe for â&#x20AC;&#x153;a process that used thread ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚEÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;¢Â?¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢ŽĂ&#x17D; Elias Howeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s machine had a needle with an eye at the point. The needle was pushed through the cloth and created Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ?Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢ŒÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¸Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;¢¼¨<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; track then slipped the second thread through the loop, creating what is called the lockstitch. However, Elias Howe later encountered problems defending his patent and marketing his invention. For the next nine years Elias Howe ¢ Â&#x2DC;¨§§¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;¥Œ¢ Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢ Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; his machine, then to protect his patent from imitators. His lockstitch mechanism was adopted by others who were developing innovations of their own. Isaac Singer invented the up-and-down motion mechanism, and Allen Wilson developed a rotary ÂĽÂ?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014;¢¼¨<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;ÂŽ Isaac Singer versus Elias Howe Patent Wars Sewing machines did not go into mass production until the 1850â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s, ­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨Œ¥ Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; commercially successful machine. ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨Œ¥ Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;­ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; where the needle moved up and down rather than the side-to-side and the needle was powered by a foot treadle. Previous machines were all handcranked. However, Isaac Singerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s machine used the same lockstitch that Howe had patented. Elias Howe sued Isaac Singer for patent infringement and won in 1854. Walter Huntâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sewing machine also used a lockstitch with two spools of thread and an eyepointed needle; however, the courts upheld Howeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s patent since Hunt had abandoned his patent. If Hunt had patented his invention, Elias Howe would have lost his case and Isaac Singer would have won. Since he lost, Isaac Singer had to pay Elias Howe patent royalties. As a side note: In 1844, Englishmen John Fisher received a patent for a lace making machine that was identical enough to the machines made by Howe and Singer that if Fisherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s patent had not Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?¢ Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Â?ÂĽÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Fisher would also have been part of  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;ÂŽ 0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¢¨ªªÂ&#x2013;¢¢Š¨¥¥£Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Œ§¼ Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x; ¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; invention, Elias Howe saw his annual income jump from three hundred to more than two hundred thousand dollars a year. Between 1854 and 1867, Howe earned close to two million dollars from his invention. During the Civil War, he donated a portion of his wealth to equip an infantry regiment for the Union Army and served in the regiment as a private. One of the most durable pieces of equipment a person can own is a sewing machine. They can last decades without having to be replaced Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Ă&#x2030;¨ŒÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚ<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2014; sewing machine is a great investment because it can save countless amounts of money over a lifetime whether it is used regularly or not. Many people have grown up using their motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sewing machine and then purchased their own when they got a job. Times have changed and sewing machines are now very Â&#x2122;EÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?­Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; children and young adults. A sewing Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;§Œ0Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;§ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; a person can learn a skill that will be useful for life.

 Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;  ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂŽĂ&#x17D;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; also are learning about how the planet Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;EÂ&#x2013;ª Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŽ Astronomers have known for about a decade ultraviolet and X-ray radiation from the main star in HD 189733 are evaporating the atmosphere of HD 189733b over time. The authors estimate it is losing 100 million to 600 million kilograms of mass per second. HD 189733bâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s atmosphere appears to be thinning 25 percent to 65 percent Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ?Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013; ¢¤Â&#x2014; to Jupiter in our solar system but in very faster than it would be if the planetâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s or planets around stars other than close orbit around its star. HD 189733b is atmosphere were smaller. the sun, were discovered almost more than 30 times closer to its star than â&#x20AC;&#x153;The extended atmosphere of this 20 years ago, X-ray observations Earth is to the sun. It orbits the star once planet makes it a bigger target for highhave detected an exoplanet passing in every 2.2 days. energy radiation from its star, so more HD 189733b is the closest hot Jupiter Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?ªª¨Â&#x2DC;¢¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?šÂ&#x2122;¨ ¼Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; front of its parent star. An advantageous alignment of a to Earth, which makes it a prime target ÂŞÂ?<Â&#x2014;Â?¥¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¥¢Â?Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;ŠÂŽ planet and its parent star in the system for astronomers who want to learn more The main star in HD 189733 also has a HD 189733, which is 63 light-years from about this type of exoplanet and the ŠÂ&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013; Â&#x2013;ª Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; Earth, enabled NASAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Chandra X-ray atmosphere around it. They have used time in X-rays with Chandra. The stars Observatory and the European Space NASAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Kepler space telescope to study likely formed at the same time, but the Agencyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s XMM Newton Observatory to it at optical wavelengths, and NASAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s main star appears to be 3 billion to 3 1/2 observe a dip in X-ray intensity as the ¨Â&#x2022;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢ªÂ?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; billion years younger than its companion it is blue in colour as a result of the star because it rotates faster, displays planet transited the star. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thousands of planet candidates have Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ŒÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ¢ªÂ&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¥¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¥Œ§¼ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; higher levels of magnetic activity and is Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢Œ Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â?Â&#x17E; ŒªÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;¥Œ§¼ ¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; silicate particles in its atmosphere. about 30 times brighter in X-rays than The study with Chandra and XMM its companion. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This star is not acting said Katja Poppenhaeger of HarvardSmithsonian Center for Astrophysics Newton has revealed clues to the size of its age, and having a big planet as a (CfA) in Cambridge, Mass., who led a  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013; ´¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x153;Â?¢Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; new study to be published in the Aug. saw light decreasing during the transits. said Poppenhaeger. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s possible this hot 10 edition of The Astrophysical Journal. The decrease in X-ray light was three Jupiter is keeping the starâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rotation and â&#x20AC;&#x153;Finally being able to study one in times greater than the corresponding magnetic activity high because of tidal X-rays is important because it reveals decrease in optical light. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The X-ray forces, making it behave in some ways new information about the properties of data suggest there are extended layers ÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;¨ª¼Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x161;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŽĂ&#x17D;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ?Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013; ŽĂ&#x17D;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; ¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; of the planetâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s atmosphere that are to observe six transits and data from transparent to optical light but opaque to °Â&#x2014;Culled from Science Daily XMM Newton observations of one. šÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;£¢¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?šÂ&#x2122;¨ ¼Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x2DC;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x153;ÂŚ<Â&#x2014; The planet, known as HD 189733b, is a of Hamburger Sternwarte in Hamburg, hot Jupiter, meaning it is similar in size Germany. â&#x20AC;&#x153;However, we need more data Stories earlier published on August 4, 2013

NASAâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Chandra sees eclipsing planet in X-rays for first time

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Dr. Olutunde John Olarinde Veterinary Surgeon/Clinician

       



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Tell: 08107801331 E-mail: straitgate_cpts@yahoo.co.uk

  

       

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SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

39

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fter the Oscar nominations, the Academy released a bunch of â&#x20AC;&#x153;fun factsâ&#x20AC;? about this yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s nominees. We picked out 10 of the most interesting factoids about the actors and directors amongst the nominees...

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hiwetel Ejiofor, Matthew McConaughey, Barkhad Abdi, Michael Fassbender, Jared Leto, Sally Hawkins, Lupita Nyongâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;o and June Squibb.

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he previously won three Oscars for â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Iron Ladyâ&#x20AC;? (2012), â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sophieâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Choiceâ&#x20AC;? (1983), and â&#x20AC;&#x153;Kramer vs. Kramerâ&#x20AC;? (1980).

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ith â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Wolf of Wall Street.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; He has previously won for â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Departedâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; in 2007.

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verall, Walt Disney holds that record with 59 nominations.

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heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the fourth person to have that honor joining Francis Ford Coppola and Fred Roos (â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Godfather Part IIâ&#x20AC;? and â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Conversationâ&#x20AC;?), and Scott Rudin (â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Social Networkâ&#x20AC;? and â&#x20AC;&#x153;True Gritâ&#x20AC;?).

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f he wins, it will be his first Academy Award

hatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s been done twice before â&#x20AC;&#x201D; by â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Redsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; in 1981 and â&#x20AC;&#x153;Silver Linings Playbook,â&#x20AC;? another David O. Russell film, last year.






    

     



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he immediate past Commissioner for Youth and Sports, Edo State, Honorable Omorede Osifo, was last week bestowed with the prestigious royal bead by the Oba Erediuawa of Benin Kingdom. Osifo became the youngest woman in Edo history to be given such exalted honor. The highly respected monarch, who hardly gives out title and royal bead, was said to be impressed with the achievements of the popular female politician over the years before he took the decision. The corporate Amazon cum politician has worked in other capacities in Edo State before her just concluded appointment as a commissioner in the state.




    



 

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57

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014 Dayo Emmanuel emmanuel.dayo@mydailynewswatchng.com 08033374017

CHRISTIAN WORSHIP

Corruption may not end soon – Delta CAN Chair Rev. Gideon Oghene-Oyibo is the Chairman of the Delta State chapter of the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN) and President, Delta State Baptist Convention, Amuokpe, Sapele, Delta State. He spoke to journalists on issues relating to the 2014 general election, state of the nation, Boko Haram attacks, the Church and corruption. Excerpts:

W

hat is your experience in Christian leadership and how has it been leading CAN in Delta State? I have served in the Baptist Convention for 10 years and being a member of «™˜¦¨¢— ªœœ¦<––¢¤— • ¥— ™ — š™ ¦š™¡— ™š›— ¢ ™ –— ¡–«–¡¢— ™œš§¢ — ­¥¦ª¥— ™˜–—  ¥–— ¥˜¦¢ ¦™š— ¦¡§˜¦œ— –¡©™˜–— ™˜›¤— œœ¦<––— ©— ˜– ¨˜š¦š§— ©— ¢ª¥¡¢—  —  ¥–¦˜— ˜¦§¦š™¡— ­š–˜¢— ¶¦¢¢¦š™˜¦–¢— ™š›— œœ¨š¦ ¦–¢·¤— ¡ª™¡— ªš –š — ªœœ¦<––— etc. In administrating Delta State CAN and Baptist Convention at the leadership position, what are the challenges, prospects and projections for the future? š— –«–˜£— ¡–™›–˜¢¥¦ž— ˜— œ¦š¦¢ –˜¦™¡— ž¢¦ ¦š— ¦š— ¡¦©–— ™š›— œ¦š¦¢ ˜£¤—  ¥–˜–— ™˜–— ª¥™¡¡–š§–¢—™š›—¡¦©–—½¨˜š–£—¦¢—™—ª¥™¡¡–š§–—

©— ¦ ¢— ­š®— ¥–— –œž¥™¢¦¢— ¦¢— š — š—  ¥–— ª¥™¡¡–š§–¢— •¨ — ­¥™ —  — ›—  — «–˜ªœ–— and surmount anyone that comes our ­™£— ¦š— –«–˜£— ½¨˜š–£— ©— ¡¦©–—  — ™<™¦š— «¦ª ˜£— ©˜— ›´¢— ¦š§›œ®— ¥–— œ™½˜— ª¥™¡¡–š§–— — ¥™›— ­™¢— ™ —  ¥–— ™ž ¦¢ — š«–š ¦š®— ¥–˜–— ­–— ™˜–— ¢¦<¦š§— ˜¦§¥ — š­¤— ¦¢— ­¥–˜–—  ¥–— ž˜½–ª — ©¨š›™ ¦š— ¡™£¦š§— ª–˜–œš£— ­™¢— ›š–— ¦š—  ¥–— £–™˜— ʱ±±¤—•¨ —¦ —­™¢—¡–0—™ ——¡–«–¡®—¥–˜–— ­™¢— ¢–˜¦¨¢— Ÿš™šª¦™¡— ª¥™¡¡–š§–¤— ­¥¦ª¥— ¡™£¦š§— ª–˜–œš£— ­™¢— ›š–— ¦š—  ¥–— £–™˜— ʱ±±¤—•¨ —¦ —­™¢—¡–0—™ ——¡–«–¡®—¥–˜–— ­™¢— ¢–˜¦¨¢— Ÿš™šª¦™¡— ª¥™¡¡–š§–¤— ­¥¦ª¥— œ™›–— ¥–—ž˜½–ª — —•–—¢ ™ ¦ª— ¥–š®—¥–š— — ª™œ–— š— •™˜›— ¦š— ʱ±Ì¤—  ¥–— ª¥™¡¡–š§–— ­™¢— ¢ ¦¡¡—  ¥–˜–— ™š›— ¢œ–— ©—  ¥–— ¦š¦ ¦™¡— ¢ –ž¢—­–— ¬—›¦›—š —ž˜›¨ª–—™—›–¢¦˜–›— ˜–¢¨¡ ®— – ¤— ­–— š––›— ™— ªœž¡– –— ž˜½–ª — ™š›—™š—¥™•¦ ™•¡–—¢–ª˜– ™˜¦™ —™¢—¦ —¦¢—š­®—— ¥–š— ž–ž¡–— ¢––—  ¥–— ¢–ª˜– ™˜¦™ — ™ —  ¥¦¢—

African Anglican primates worry over C.A.R conflict Page 62

ªœž¡– –›—¢ ™ –¤— ¥–£— ™¡¬—©—œ–¤—ž˜™¦¢¦š§— œ–¤—•¨ — — –¡¡— ¥–—ž–ž¡–— ¥™ — ¥–—ž˜›¨ª — ©—  ¥¦¢— ¢–ª˜– ™˜¦™ — ¦¢— š — ©— œ£— ž­–˜— ™š›—œ¦§¥ ¤— ›´¢—ž¡™ª–—¦š— ¥–—¢–ª˜– ™˜¦™ — ªœž¡– ¦š—¦¢—™¡¡—¦š—™¡¡®— —ª™š—š–«–˜—¢¥™˜–—  ¥–— §¡˜£— ©— ›— ­¦ ¥— ¦œ¤—  ¥–— ª˜–™ ˜— ­¥— •¨¦¡›¢—  ¥–— ¢–ª˜– ™˜¦™ — ©˜— ¦œ¢–¡©®— ¥–— •–¢ — ©— ™¡¡— œ£— ªš ˜¦•¨ ¦š—  —  ¥–— ¢–ª˜– ™˜¦™ — •¨¦¡›¦š§— ¦¢— — œ£— ž˜™£–˜— E–˜—  — ›— —œ™š¦©–¢ — ¦œ¢–¡©— —•˜¦š§— ¥–— ªœž¡– ¦š— ©—  ¥–— ¢–ª˜– ™˜¦™ — •¨¦¡›¦š§®—— ¡¡­¦š§—  ¥–— ªœž¡– ¦š— ¢ ™§–¢¤— ™0–˜— œ£—™¢¢¨œž ¦š—©—6ª–¤— ¥–—ž˜½–ª —­™¢— ˜–¹— ¡™¨šª¥–›— ™0–˜—  ¥–— ž˜–«¦¨¢— –E˜ —  —  ™¢¬¦š§— –«–˜£— œ–œ•–˜— ©—  ¥–— ™ž ¦¢ — ©™œ¦¡£— ²±— ©˜— –«–˜£— ɨ™˜ –˜¤— ­¥¦ª¥— ª¨¡›—š —£¦–¡›—™—©˜¨¦ ©¨¡—˜–¢¨¡ ®—¥–—˜–¹ ¡™¨šª¥¦š§— ž˜›¨ª–›— ™— ªœœ¦<––— ¢– — ¨ž— ¦š— ʱ±²¤— ­¥¦ª¥— ¥™¢— ˜®— œœ™š¨–¡— ­– ™— ›¨™§¥™š¤—  ¥–š— –ª˜– ™˜£—  —  ¥–—  ™ –— «–˜šœ–š ¤—™¢—¥™¦˜œ™š®— –—­™¢— ªœœ¦<–›—™š›—¥–—™<–š›–›—™¡¡—œ–– ¦š§¢— ©— ¥–—ªœœ¦<––¤—–µž–ª —š–¤—¦š—¢ž¦ –—©— ¥¦¢—•¨¢£—¢ª¥–›¨¡–— ¥–š® ¥–— ¨ ªœ–— ©—  ¥¦¢— ªœœ¦<––— ­˜¬— ­™¢— ¥–—©¨š›˜™¦¢¦š§—©— ™š¨™˜£—Ë̤—ʱ±Í¤— š ¦š¨–›—š—ž™§–—²³

Oghene-Oyibo

‘It is not easy to record, release songs in America’ Page 64


58

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

CHRISTIAN WORSHIP

‘Corruption won’t end soon’ Continued from page 57

with which work resumed on the project ™§™¦š—  — –E–ª —  ¥–— ªœž¡– ¦š— ©—  ¥–— ™ž ¦¢ —š«–š ¦š—ž˜½–ª ®—¥¦¢—¦¢—š–—©—  ¥–—œ™½˜—ª¥™¡¡–š§–¢—¦š—œ£—6ª–—™ — ¥–— Baptist Convention. As a mouth piece of Christians in Delta State and by extension Nigeria, what is God’s word for the country in 2014? ¦˜¢ — ©— ™¡¡¤— ­–— §¦«–— ›— ™¡¡—  ¥–— §¡˜£— as He has granted us the grace to enter ʱËÌ®— ©—¦ —¦¢—•£— ¦¢—§˜™ª–— ¥™ —¦š›¦«¦›¨™¡¡£— ™š›— ª˜ž˜™ –¡£— ­–— ª˜¢¢–›— ¦š— ½£— ™š›— ¥™žž¦š–¢¢¤— œ£— œ–¢¢™§–—  —  ¥–— š™ ¦š— ¦¢—  ¥™ — ­–— œ¨¢ — š —  ™¬–—  ¥–— §˜™ª–— ©—  ¥–— ˜›— ›—¡œ¦§¥ £— ©˜— §˜™š –›®— š—  ¥–— ¢ª˜¦ž ¨˜–¤—¥–—¢™¦›Ñ—Ä  —¦¢—™— –˜˜¦•¡–— ¥¦š§— — ©™¡¡—¦š — ¥–—¥™š›—©— ›®Î ¥¦¢— ¥™¢— •–ªœ–— ™— š–ª–¢¢™˜£— ­™˜š¦š§— ¦š— «¦–­— ©—  ¥–— ž¡¦ ¦ª¬¦š§— ™¡˜–™›£— ž–˜«™›¦š§— ¨˜— ª¨š ˜£— ©˜— ʱ˲— §–š–˜™¡— –¡–ª ¦š®— ¥–— ¡¦ ¦ª™¡¤—  ˜™›¦ ¦š™¡¤— ˜–¡¦§¦¨¢— ™š›— –«–š— ªœœ¨š¦ £— ¡–™›–˜¢— ™˜–— š­— ž¡™£¦š§— ­¦ ¥— ›¦«¦š–— §˜™ª–— ©— ›— ™¢— ­–— ™˜–— œ«¦š§—  ­™˜›¢— ʱ˲— §–š–˜™¡—–¡–ª ¦š—¦š—¦§–˜¦™® — –— œ¨¢ — ™š›— š––›—  — ˜–œ–œ•–˜—  ¥™ — ­–—™¡¡—™˜–—™ªª¨š ™•¡–— — ›¤—™š›— ›— ­¦¡¡— š — ¢ž™˜–— ™š£•›£— ­¥— ­¦¡¡— •–— ¦š¢ ˜¨œ–š — ©— ™ ™š—  — ¢– —  ¥¦¢— ª¨š ˜£— ¦§–˜¦™—š—Ÿ˜–® What warnings are you giving Nigerians on 2015 general election? ¡¡— ¦§–˜¦™š¢— œ¨¢ — ˜–ž–š — ™š›— ™«¦›— «¦¡–šª–— ™š›— ž¡¦ ¦ª¬¦š§— ­¥¦ª¥— ª™š— ˜¨¦š—  ¥–— ¨š¦ £— ©—  ¥–— ª¨š ˜£— ©˜— ¦ ¢— disintegration is dangerous to our ª˜ž˜™ –—¦š –§˜¦ £—™š›—–µ¦¢ –šª–® ¦§–˜¦™—¦¢—™—¢–ª¨¡™˜—¢ ™ –—­¦ ¥—¥˜¦¢ ¦™š¢— ™š›— ¨¢¡¦œ¢— ¥™«¦š§—  ¥–— ©˜––›œ— ©— ­˜¢¥¦ž— ™š›— ª–µ¦¢ –šª–— œ¨ ¨™¡¡£— ™š›— ž–™ª–©¨¡¡£®— ¥–— ¬— ™˜™œ— ¦š¢¨˜§–š ¢— ¥™¢— ¢––š— ¥˜¦¢ ¦™š¢— ¬¦¡¡–›— ­¦ ¥—  ¥–¦˜— ž˜ž–˜ ¦–¢— ™š›— ª¥¨˜ª¥–¢— •¨˜š — ›­š— ¦š—  ¥–—š˜ ¥–˜š—ž™˜ ®—¥–£—™˜–—ª™¡¡¦š§—š— ¥– ¢–ž™˜™ ¦š— ©—  ¥–— ª¨š ˜£¤— ›–¢ª˜¦•¦š§—  ¥–— ­–¢ –˜š— ¢£¢ –œ— ©— –›¨ª™ ¦š— ™¢— ©˜•¦››¦š§—•£— ¢¡™œ®— What is your advice to the country’s leadership? £—ª™š›¦›—™›«¦ª–— — ¥–—¡–™›–˜¢¥¦ž—©— ¦§–˜¦™—¦¢— —ž˜œ –— ˜¨ ¥®—¥–—ž¡¦ ¦ª™¡— ª¡™¢¢—œ¨¢ —š —ž¡™£—ž¡¦ ¦ª¢—­¦ ¥—¡¦©–—™š›— ž˜ž–˜ ¦–¢—©— ¥–—ª¥¦¡›˜–š—©— ›—­¥—™˜–— ¥˜¦¢ ¦™š¢®—¥–—•¡›¡–<¦š§—•£— ¥–—Boko Haram—¦š¢¨˜§–š —¦¢—ª¡¢¢™¡—™š›—•¡›—©— ¦ššª–š — «¦ª ¦œ¢— ¦¢— ª˜£¦š§—  —  ¥–—  ¥˜š–— ©— ›— ™¡˜–™›£®— ¥–— ¦š¢¨˜§–šª–— œ��¢ — •–— ¢ žž–›— ¢¨œœ™˜¦¡£— •£—  ¥–— –›–˜™¡— –ž¨•¡¦ª— ™š›— œœ™š›–˜— ¦š— ¥¦–©— ©— ˜œœ–›— ˜ª–¢®— ¥–— ¦¢¢¨–— ©—  –˜˜˜¦¢œ— ¦¢—š–—­¥¦ª¥—œ¨¢ —š —•–—ª¡¨˜–›¤—œ™›–— ¨ž— ˜— ©™¢¥¦š–›— ¦š— ­¥™ –«–˜— §¨¦¢–— ©˜— ¢¨¢ ™¦š™•¡–— ¨š¦ £¤— ž–™ª–¤— §˜­ ¥¤— ™š›— ›–«–¡žœ–š —©—¦§–˜¦™®—¥–—¡–™›–˜¢¥¦ž— must take action against the monsters to stop the carnage and huge destruction to ¡¦«–¢—™š›—ž˜ž–˜ ¦–¢®

Oghene-Oyibo

Nigeria as a country is noted globally as a corrupt nation by World rating. The members of the political parties are church members who ought to promote righteousness in authority. Do we now assume the church of God in Nigeria is not impacting positively on the citizenry or promoting corruption in Nigeria? The church is not managing corruption or promoting ¦ ®—

­–«–˜¤— ­–— ª™šš —   ™¡¡£— ˜¨¡–— out the church as a ªš ˜¦•¨ ¦š§— ©™ª ˜—  — corruption. The reason is that the churches are ž–ž¡–— ™š›— œ–œ•–˜¢®— ¥–—­™£—­–—™˜–—¡¦«¦š§— ™š›— ¥–—­™£—­–—ž˜–™ª¥—  ¥–— §¢ž–¡— ™¢— ¥™š›–›— ›­š— —¨¢—•£—¨˜—˜›— Jesus Christ has made us to compromise  ¥–— – ¥¦ª™¡— ¢ ™š›™˜›— ©— •–¡¦–«–˜¢— ¦š— ¥˜¦¢ — which must have given ­™£— —ª˜–™ ¦š§—™š—–š«¦˜šœ–š — ¥™ —­¦¡¡— œ™¬–—ª˜˜¨ž ¦š— ¥˜¦«–®— ­–«–˜¤— ¥–˜–— are some churches whose ministers have ªš¢¦¢ –š ¡£—œ™¦š ™¦š–›—¥˜¦¢ ¦™š—– ¥¦ª¢—  ¥™ —¥™«–—¥–¡ž–›— —˜–›¨ª–—ª˜˜¨ž ¦š—¦š—  ¥–¦˜—¡¦<¡–—ª˜š–˜® How do we end corruption in Nigeria?

The political class must not play politics with life and properties of the children of God who are Christians. The bloodletting by the Boko Haram insurgent is colossal and the blood of innocent victims is crying to the throne of God already

Pope Francis renews international passport

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™ ¥¡¦ª— š ¦E¤— ž–— ˜™šª¦¢— ¥™¢— ˜–š–­–›— ¥¦¢— ˜§–š ¦š–™š— ž™¢¢ž˜ ®— ªª˜›¦š§—  — ˜§–š ¦š™´¢— ¦š¦¢ ˜£— ©—  ¥–— š –˜¦˜— ™š›— ˜™š¢ž˜ ™ ¦š¤— ¥¦¢— š–­— ›ª¨œ–š ¢— ­¦¡¡— •–— ¢–š —  —  ®— ™˜ ¥™´¢— Residence at the Vatican. Ä ¦¢— ¡¦š–¢¢— ªœœ¨š¦ª™ –›— ­¦ ¥—

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­–«–˜¤—­¦ ¥—§˜–™ –˜— ªœœ¦ œ–š — ©˜œ— ž™¢ ˜¢¤— œ–œ•–˜¢— ©— ª¥¨˜ª¥–¢—™š›—©˜— ¥¢–— ¦š— ž¡¦ ¦ª™¡— ž¢¦ ¦š— ™š›— ™¨ ¥˜¦ £—  — •–— ¢–¡¾–¢¢—¦š— ¥–¦˜—ª™¡¡¦š§— ™š›— ¥–¦˜—ž–˜©˜œ™šª–— ™š›— –µ–ª¨ ¦š— ©—  ¥–¦˜— ©¨šª ¦š¢— ª¨ž¡–›— ­¦ ¥— ½¨¢ ¦ª–¤— ª˜˜¨ž ¦š— ­¦¡¡— •–— minimized. What is the relationship between Q/R'* /UV%* (,X* -Z%* State Pilgrim Welfare Board in terms of selection of pilgrims for the annual journey to the holy land? ¢— ¥˜¦¢ ¦™š— ¢¢ª¦™ ¦š—©—¦§–˜¦™— –¡ ™— ™ –—¥™¦˜œ™š¤— —™œ—š —™—œ–œ•–˜—©—  ¥–— ¦¡§˜¦œ¢— –¡©™˜–— ™˜›®— ¥–— •™˜›— ¦¢— ™¨ šœ¨¢— ¢¨•½–ª — to the instrument that set it up. I do not have ž­–˜— ™¢—  —  ¥–— ¢–¡–ª ¦š— ™š›— ™žž˜«™¡— ©—ž–˜¢š¢—©˜— ¥–—¥¡£—¡™š›—½¨˜š–£®—¥–— ™˜›— œ–œ•–˜¢— ™˜–— ˜–¢žš¢¦•¡–— ™¢—  ¥–£— ™˜–—–œž­–˜–›—•£— ¥–—•™˜›—¦š¢ ˜¨œ–š — ™ªª˜›¦š§¡£® There are strong allegations that some people who participated in the last

¥–˜–©˜–¤— ¥–—œ¦š¦¢ –˜—ªš ¦š¨–›¤—Ä¥¦¢— ™žž¡¦ª™ ¦š—­™¢—Ÿ¡–›—š—˜¦›™£— ¥˜¨§¥—  ¥–—›¦§¦ ™¡—ª–š –˜—­–—ž–˜™ –—¦š—œ–®Î ªª˜›¦š§—  — ™— ™ª¦š— š–­¢ž™ž–˜¤— ™š›™ºº—¢™¦›— ¥™ —ž–—˜™šª¦¢—›¦›—š — ­™š —™š£—¢ž–ª¦™¡—ž˜¦«¦¡–§–¢¤—™š›—¢— ¥–— š˜œ™¡— ž˜ª–›¨˜–— ©˜— Ÿ¡¦š§— ©˜— ™— š–­— ž™¢¢ž˜ —­™¢—©¡¡­–›® ¥–— ž˜ª–¢¢— ©˜— • ™¦š¦š§—  ¥–— ž–´¢— ›ª¨œ–š ¢—¦¢— ¥–—¢™œ–—™¢— ¥™ —Ä©¡¡­–›— •£— ™¡¡— ˜§–š ¦š–™š¢¤Î— ™š›™ºº— –µž¡™¦š–›¤— Ħš— ­¥¦ª¥— ™— ž¥ ¤— ¥¦¢— Ÿš§–˜ž˜¦š ¢— ™š›— ¥¦¢— ¢¦§š™ ¨˜–— ­–˜–—

 ™¬–š— ¦š— ™˜¨š›— ˲— œ¦š¨ –¢®— š—  ¥–— š–µ —©–­—›™£¢—¥–—­¦¡¡—•–—˜–ª–¦«¦š§—¦ —™ —  ®— ™˜ ¥™´¢— –¢¦›–šª–— ™ —  ¥–— ™ ¦ª™š¤— ­¥¦ª¥—¥–—›–ª¡™˜–›—™¢—¥¦¢—˜–¢¦›–šª£®Î ™š›™ºº—¢™¦›— ¥–—ž–´¢—§–¢ ¨˜–—™š›— ¥¦¢— ª¥¦ª–—  —  ˜™«–¡—  ¥–— ­˜¡›— ™¢—  ¥–— ¥¦§¥–¢ — ˜–ž˜–¢–š ™ ¦«–— ©—  ¥–— ™ ¥¡¦ª— Church using the same document as ™š£—  ¥–˜— ˜§–š ¦š–™š— ğ¡¡¢— ¨¢— ­¦ ¥— ž˜¦›–®Î ¥–— ¢–™˜ª¥— ©˜—  ¥–— œ™š— ™ ¥¡¦ª— ¥¨˜ª¥— ¡™¢ — £–™˜— ™0–˜—  ¥–— ˜–¢¦§š™ ¦š— ©— ¥¦¢— ž˜–›–ª–¢¢˜— •–ª™œ–— š–— ©—  ¥–— ɨ¦ª¬–¢ —–¡–ª ¦š¢—¢¦šª–—ËұФ—­¥¦¡–—Ë˲— œ™š— ™ ¥¡¦ª— ™˜›¦š™¡¢— §™ ¥–˜–›— ™ —  ¥–— ™ ¦ª™š— ©˜œ— ™¡¡— «–˜—  ¥–— ­˜¡›—  — provide a successor. ˜™šª¦¢— •–ª™œ–—  ¥–— Ÿ˜¢ — ž–— ©˜œ—  ¥–—¢¨ ¥–˜š—¥–œ¦¢ž¥–˜–—¡™¢ —£–™˜—™0–˜—  ¥–—©˜œ–˜—ž–—–š–›¦ª — ¤—˜–¢¦§š–›— ©˜œ— ¡–™›¦š§—  ¥–— ­˜¡›´¢— ¡™˜§–¢ — Christian denomination.

Christian’s pilgrimage to the Holy Land were non-Christians, in fact, they were said to be traditionalist and herbalists. What is your reaction?  — ­™¢— ¢— ¦š—  ¥–— ž™¢ — ­¥–š—  ¥–— •™˜›— ­™¢— ¦š©–¢ –›— ­¦ ¥— ž¡¦ ¦ª¦™š¢— •¨ — ª¨˜˜–š ¡£¤— «–˜š˜— ˜®— œœ™š¨–¡— ­– ™— ›¨™§¥™š— ¥™¢— ˜–¹–š§¦š––˜–›—  ¥–— •™˜›— œ–œ•–˜¢¥¦ž— •£— ¢–<¦š§— ¨ž— ª˜–›¦•¡–— œ–œ•–˜¢— ªœž˜¦¢¦š§— ©— œ¦š¦¢ –˜¢— ©—  ¥–— §¢ž–¡— ™¢— ªœž™˜–›—  — ­¥–š— ™¡¡— œ–œ•–˜¢— ­–˜–— ž¡¦ ¦ª¦™š¢®— ¡¦ ¦ª¦™š¢— ™˜–— š —   ™¡¡£— ¦š«¡«–›— ¦š—  ¥–— ¢–¡–ª ¦š— ž˜ª–¢¢— ª¨˜˜–š ¡£®— š£— ¦š –š›¦š§—ž¦¡§˜¦œ™§–—¢––¬–˜—š­—¢ ˜¦ª ¡£— ž™¢¢–¢— ¥˜¨§¥— ¥–—ž˜ª–¢¢—©—¦š –˜«¦–­— ™š›— ¥™«¦š§— ˜–ªœœ–š›™ ¦š— ¡–<–˜¢— ©˜œ—  ¥–¦˜— ž™¢ ˜¢— ™š›— ª¥¨˜ª¥–¢— •–©˜–—  ¥–£—™˜–—§˜™š –›—™ªª–ž ™šª–— — ˜™«–¡— — ¢˜™–¡—š—ž¦¡§˜¦œ™§–—©˜œ—–¡ ™— ™ –®——

­–«–˜¤— ¥–—¢–¡–ª ¦š—ž˜ª–¢¢—ª™šš — •–—  ™¡¡£—›–«¦›—©—™š£—©™¨¡ —­¥™ ¢–«–˜®— Your background sir? —™œ—–«— ¦›–š—§¥–š–¹£¦•¤—•˜š— ¦š—¢§™˜—¦š— ¥–— ¥–š—–š›–¡— ™ –—«–˜— ²±—£–™˜¢—™§— — ¥–—©™œ¦¡£—©— ¨©–—£¦•— §•–›–— ©— ¢§™˜¤— š­— ™— ¬¦š§›œ— ¦š— – ¡™—  ™ –®— — — ™<–š›–›— œ£— ž˜¦œ™˜£— ¢ª¥¡— ™ — ¢§™˜— ™š›— ¢–ªš›™˜£— ¢ª¥¡—™ —¬ ¦–—•¥— ˜™œœ™˜—¢ª¥¡¤— ™ž–¡–¤— ™¡¢— ¦š— –¡ ™—  ™ –®— —  ¥–˜–™0–˜— ž˜ª––›–›—  —  ¥–— ™ž ¦¢ — –œ¦š™˜£— ¦š— ËҳЗ ™š›— §˜™›¨™ –›— ¦š— Ëҳӗ ­¦ ¥— œ£— Ÿ˜¢ —›–§˜––—¦š— ¥–¡§£®—˜œ—ËÒÒʹÒ̤— — ­–š —•™ª¬— — ¥–—¢–œ¦š™˜£—™š›—• ™¦š–›— œ£—™¢ –˜´¢—›–§˜––—¦š—¥–¡§£¤—¥™«¦š§— ž™¢ ˜–›— ¦š— ˜œ¦¤— ™š›— ­˜¬–›— — ¦š— ™ž ¦¢ — š«–š ¦š¤— –¡ ™—  ™ –¤— — ©˜Ë±— £–™˜¢— ž™¢ — ­¥¦¡–— ™•¨ — ­—£–™˜¢—™§¤— — ­™¢— ™žž¦š –›— ¥™¦˜œ™š¤— –¡ ™—  ™ –— ¥˜¦¢ ¦™š—¢¢ª¦™ ¦š—¶·®

Francis


59

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

CHRISTIAN WORSHIP

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o reason means to apply your senses, to think deeply and come to a logical conclusion. The Bible in ISAIAH 1:18 encourages reasoning when it says, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Come now let us reason together...â&#x20AC;? Reasoning is essential for our day to day living and our relationship with people. It is reasonable to think of how to spend the day, what to do, what to eat, where to go and so on. In resolving disputes and ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;žŒª ¢¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â?Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢¢Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014; bring about an understanding. But then, to have faith stands at the other end of the pole. HEBREWS 11:1 explains faith as being the substance of the things hoped for and the evidence of things not seen. That means you hope for something you do not see. By reasoning, how can we hope for what is unseen? Medical science has said there is no cure for HIV/AIDS, so it is embedded in the mind of the average person that HIV/AIDS is incurable, and because it is a stated fact, by reasoning, HIV/AIDS is incurable. By reasoning, Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC; ŒÂ&#x;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; cannot put to birth. That is the stance of reasoning. But by faith, impossibility is possible. It is against all logical reasoning and calculations for men to walk upon water but has it never been done? Did not our Lord Jesus walk upon the sea? Didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t Peter take some steps upon the sea before he let his faith panic? If only we can have faith at all time and trust God, we will experience the miracle of God in our lives. In my ministry, people infected with HIV/AIDS have been cured; women with cases of barrenness have received fruits of the womb and so many other miracles. It is by faith and  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ ¼Â&#x2014;½¨¢ ŒÂ&#x;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x153;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢Ž Reasoning can be a weapon in the hand of the enemy. How can? How possible? It is impossible for a woman without a womb to give birth. It is absolutely impossible! But I tell you that with faith, there is nothing that God cannot do. Having faith in God is the ultimate. The story of the woman with the issue of blood had faith that if she could touch even the hem of Jesus clothes, she would be healed. Now by reasoning, does that not seem foolish? How do you think touching a mere garment would heal anyone? But the woman managed to

Worshippersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Voice Prophet D. A. Samuel 08035404912 cwcdas@yahoo.com www.christworshipperschurch.org

To reason or to have faith? touch the hem of the Lordâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s garment. And she was healed. And what did Jesus say to her? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Your faith has made you whole.â&#x20AC;? The woman applied faith rather than reasoning. The question now is where do we put our hearts? Is it to reasoning or to having faith? Can everything work on FAITH? What do we believe? The logic of reasoning or the unseen faith? We must realise that listening to words can bring life or they can bring death. I want us to learn here how faith can recognise the value of rightly spoken words and the danger of misspoken words. I have been thinking Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;ÂŚEÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ ¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â?Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§ŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ž¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; faith and that of reasoning. As we think deeply about this, I would like us to take our thoughts to several areas. First, like I have earlier stated: reasoning is very good. The Bible says in Isaiah 1:18, come now let us reason together. But be aware that reasoning can be a faith killer. Reasoning can focus Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x153;Œ Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; the negative until we fall into the pit of damnation. Think about this. Faith without reasoning is as dangerous as zeal without wisdom. We need to reason, but there is a higher plane of spiritual life but then reason carries much excess luggage, and would dwarf growth. But in order for us to grow, we must realise that faith must become stronger than reason. There is this story: Faith and Reason ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?0Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂĄÂ?­Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢ŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Œ ¼Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; a healthy man and he could walk 30 to 40 miles a day without any problem. Reason was more like a child and could only walk three or four miles. The whole walk, Reason complained and griped

Destiny Hour Pastor Femi Lanre-Oke +2348030752799, +2348053695097. femi_lanre01@yahoo.co.uk

The fundamentals of wealth (2)

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ast week, we started to look at the fundamentals of wealth, and one major thing we said was that wealth is not limited to Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?­Â&#x2013;¢¢¸Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¥ ¼Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; area of your life; you are to pursue wealth in health, in your mind, your relationships, family and every area of your life. Today by the grace of God, we will start looking at the fundamental principles that govern wealth. When we say fundamental, we mean principles that underlie the earth and that everyone can key into, to work for them. These principles govern the distribution of wealth and if un-regenerated people, nonâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;Christians, unbelievers are keying into these principles to make it in life, now imagine children of the living God, owner of the heavens and the earth. ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014;Š¨Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; of seed time and harvest. GENESIS 8:22; â&#x20AC;&#x153;while the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night

shall not cease.â&#x20AC;? We make the mistake of  ¼ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;¢¢Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;EÂ&#x2013;ª ¢Â&#x2014; ­¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; we sow on a farm or just the work of Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;¢¤Â&#x2014; Â?Ă&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;EÂ&#x2013;ª ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;£ ¼ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; life. Your health is a function of seedtime and harvest, your position, promotion, happiness in your marriage is a function of this principle. How? If you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t take care of your body, you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t eat well, you refuse to sleep, you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t bathe or ­Â&#x2122;¢¼Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013; ¼¤Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;½¨¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; of time before your body breaks down. If you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t go to work on time, you donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t do the assignments given to you and submit as at when due, then your seed will germinate and the harvest will be termination of appointment or stagnation. You are in a relationship and every day you treat your partner anyhow, you insult, you refuse to care or provide then Œ Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; are sowing will reap broken relationship, divorce or perpetual lack of happiness in the home.

each step. One day, Reason asked to walk with Faith. Faith said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Reason, you cannot \()]* \+-Z* 1%^* \%* Z(&%* X+"%'%,-* purposes.â&#x20AC;? Reason persisted and the journey began. As the journey went on, Reason could not keep up the pace that Faith set. Faith quietly marched onward. Reason discussed all the possibilities and the potentials and lagged far behind. They soon got to a large river. Reason says, â&#x20AC;&#x153;We can never cross this massive stream. Let us wait and build a bridge.â&#x20AC;? Faith waded into the river and sang a song of praise, and the river was no obstacle at all. Faith and Reason approached a big, high mountain. In great despair, Reason said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;This mountain is too great, we canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t climb this. There is no way we can climb such a great land mass. Let us sit down here and evaluate this situation.â&#x20AC;? Faith looks at Reason, and sees his value, so in order not to leave Reason behind; Faith is obliged to carry Reason over the mountain. There is a lesson we must learn: What luggage Reason can be to Faith. We need balance to understand: Faith strives on, where Reason is idle. Now you can ponder what faith is. Does faith give credence to what it hears? If I ÂŞÂ?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ ¼Â&#x2014; they would be CERTAIN and SURE. Â&#x2013; ¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­¢Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚ<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; certain or sure things in this world. Christians must learn to operate in a level that reaches far beyond reason into the realm of faith. We have discussed faith many times in the Bible. We have lessons of those with great faith and those with ÂĄÂŚ<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ ¼ŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;  ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ?­Â&#x2014; important faith can be to the men and women of God, but there is only one Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ ¼Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Do not play with this principle because it surely works. Let me delve into an important area; this is the second month in the year 2014, prophecies have gone ahead of you, I want you to understand that God is not in the business of going back on His promises because He is a faithful. Therefore, I pray for you today, ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; ­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;§ŒÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Š¨¥Â&#x;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; prophecies from this day in the name of Jesus. However, make sure that while you are thanking God for the ones you have seen, ask the Holy Spirit to open your heart to see the covenant requirements which you were meant to ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â?¨ Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2013; ŒªÂ&#x2014;¨<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; to see the light of day. Understand this principle because it will speak expressly for you henceforth in the name of Jesus, any prophecy or expectation without a requirement is a mere announcement. The requirement of every prophecy is the seed you have to sow for your harvest to burst forth. The seed is your role, a covenant part you have to carry out and until you do  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;¤Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2013; ŒªÂ&#x2014; ¨<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; not come to reality. So stop blaming God or doubting the unction on the man of Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;ÂŞÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;Š¨¥Â&#x;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;§ŒÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; to think of the seed you need to sow to make your heavens open. Do you know that water must go up for rain to come down? Do you know that you must plant for you to reap? Do you know that you Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂĄÂ&#x2122;¢¢Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014; pass in school? Do you know you must work on your home for you to have a Garden of Eden? All these are seeds you

HEBREWS 11:1 (KJV): Now faith is the substance of the things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. Notice the Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Œ ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;§ŒÂ&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;­Œ ¼Â&#x2014;Ă&#x201D;Â&#x161;Â?­´ŽÂ&#x2014;Â?¢ Â&#x2014; ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ­¼Œ¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ ¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;­Â&#x2122;Œ ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Œ ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¢¤Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; lapses back into reason. Other versions Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ ¼Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?ÂĄÂĄÂ?­¢Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Living Version, HEBREW 11:1, what is ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ ¼Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; something we want is going to happen. It is the certainty that what we hope for is waiting for us, even though we cannot see it ahead. The New International Version in HEBREWS 11:1 has this: Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see. The Revised Standard Version and NAS have this: Now faith is the assurance of things hope for, the conviction of things Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; §ŒÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; this quote: Now faith is the assurance œ ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Œ ¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¡Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; things we hope for, being the proof of things we do not see and the conviction of reality (faith perceiving as real fact what is not revealed to the senses). How powerful is the thought that faith can be the title deed of our work? Today, we are thinking deeply about faith and reason arid their roles in our everyday life. As we cogitate on faith and reasoning, we must also consider the role that words can play to release faith or reasoning. Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s look at words of faith. In NUMBERS 13:30; â&#x20AC;&#x153;Caleb stills the people and said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it.â&#x20AC;? Caleb has seen a situation and by faith has made a determination and a statement of faith. Now compare it with the next verse? Words of reasoningNUMBERS 13:31; â&#x20AC;&#x153;But the men that went up with him said, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;We are not able to go up against the people; fo they are stronger than we.â&#x20AC;? Now which statement was correct? Both? The reasoning words became prophetic. Forty long, hard years will follow the decision, we canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t. The story hinges upon faith against reasoning. They both saw the same thing? Well, yes and no. The focus of reason was on the giants, the focus of faith was beyond what could be seen, there was a statement of letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s trust Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s promises. To be continued next week

must plant for wealth to burst forth in all areas of your life. An end has come to the manipulations and oppressions of the devil in your life in the name of Jesus, this month of February, God is in a hurry to bless you and you will sing songs of joy in Jesus name. Begin to sow seeds required for the next level in your life and God will daze you in Jesus name. Next week by the grace of God, we will continue. Remain blessed! However, if you are not born again, you cannot access the level of wealth we speak of. If you have not surrendered your life to Jesus, the process is simple: °Â&#x2014; Believe in your heart that you are a sinner and cannot save yourself. °Â&#x2014; Believe in your heart that Jesus died on the cross of Calvary, paying the price for your sins and rose from the dead the third day to establish your victory °Â&#x2014; Confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and saviour. °Â&#x2014; Repent of all sins before the Lord and forsake them. °Â&#x2014; Welcome into Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s family. Now you can enjoy and experience total wealth in Christ. Please locate a bible believing church and share you new-birth experience with the church leaders. For further prayer & counseling, pleases contact: Pastor Femi Lanre-Oke, Jesus Praise Evangelical Ministries International, Ibadan, Oyo State. +2348030752799, +2348053695097. Email: femi_lanre01@yahoo.co.uk


60

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

CHRISTIAN WORSHIP

School of Marriage

4.

with Pastor Chris Ikebuwa

5.

negative peer pressure. Choose the right ones; Â?¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x153;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ª¼¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂĽÂŽÂ&#x2014;  Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;šÂ&#x2022;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ª¼¨Â&#x2DC;ª¼¤Â&#x2014; not where many people are practising promiscuity; Have a zero tolerance for sexual sin Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Œ ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¢ŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; keep your sexuality until you are married; Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t use sex to guarantee your marriage with the one who wants to marry you.

woman should not commit fornication goes beyond all the above reasons/ consequences.

°Â&#x2014; The major and primary reason we should not commit any sexual act against god is because God says we should not do so. In other words, we should love god enough to obey him. +234 8033007996 Our lack of obedience indicates that we truly donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t love him. 6. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Jesus said unto them, If God were your (-Z%'^* Q%* \/R)X* )/&%* 1%Â&#x2022;* Â&#x2013;Â&#x201C;* (JOHN 8:42); â&#x20AC;&#x153;He that loveth me not keepeth not The true reason why you should not 1Q*0(Q+,Â&#x2030;0Â&#x2022;*Â&#x2013;Â&#x201C; (JOHN 14:24); â&#x20AC;&#x153;If ye love me, keep my commandments.â&#x20AC;? (JOHN commit sexual sin ÂŁÂ&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ ¼Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;¨¢¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; 14:15) Summarising all these scriptures, we are declare that, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The reason, I shouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t commit any sexual act outside marriage, made to understand that, â&#x20AC;&#x153;the only thing that will enable us prove to God that we is: 1. Not because of fear of contacting any -'R)Q*)/&%* +1^*+0*/R'*/Â&#x2014;%X+%,V%Â&#x2019;Â&#x201C; Conclusion venereal disease or HIV, (suppose Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no magic wand anyone can use there are no diseases, or there are preventive drugs against any sickness, to deliver himself or herself from sexual should we have the liberty to continue temptation. God is the only one who can deliver us, and He has given us enough to live in sexual sins?); 2. Not because I might be eventually wisdom and love that we all need, no caught and disgraced. (Supposed am Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ?­Â&#x2014; Â?¨§¼Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢Œ ¨Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Œ§¼ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; never caught by anyone or thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no °Â&#x2014; The reason why we are following PRO7.1 KJV â&#x20AC;&#x153;My son (daughter), keep %* R0%Â&#x201D;R)* -/* /X* Â&#x2C6;'0-Â&#x2019; Many have lost Jesus is not because thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hell. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I one to catch me, like several others my words, and lay up my commandments good partners because they never prepared am not fearfully following him. I am who havenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t been caught, does that with thee. Keep my commandments, and  Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;§Â?Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;Â?¨Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; lovingly following him. I love him give me the freedom to do it?); live; and my law as the apple of thine eye. serious looking for a good husband or a enough to obey him.â&#x20AC;? 3. Not because it might hurt my wife +,X*-Z%1*R2/,*-ZQ*Â&#x2C6;,Â&#x2030;%'0^*\'+-%*-Z%1* good wife desperately, while at the same and children. (Suppose sexual sins do °Â&#x2014; Our love for God must supersede the upon the table of thine heart. â&#x20AC;Ś: That  ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x153;ÂŚ<ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;¾¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ¢ŒÂ&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; fear of hell. My children follow me, Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŹÂ&#x;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;Œ¥£¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; they may keep thee from the strange boyfriends/girlfriends or someone else. A not because if they donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t I will punish involved therein?); woman (or man), from the stranger which ÂĽÂ&#x2DC;Œ¢ ŒÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;œ­¼Â?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;0Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014; them. No! They follow and obey me Â&#x2039;(%'%-Z*\+-Z*Z%'*Â&#x152;Z+0Â&#x2018;*\/'X0Â&#x2019;Â&#x201C; 10 years for other men) said to God, â&#x20AC;&#x153;God, 4. Not because it might incur some because I love them and in return they traditional curse; (suppose there are am tired, I want to get married.â&#x20AC;? And Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s love me. no traditional implications, does it od is not only there for you, you Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;¢¤Â&#x2014;Ă&#x201E;Â?¨Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;£¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; then make it right? There are many °Â&#x2014; If you claim that God is your father, must be there for him too to sexual ties. He wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t busy in pleasing you cannot be following Christ whom ­¼Â?Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x153;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2013;¾¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;¢ŒÂ&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; Stop being idle: An Idle person Â?Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨¢£Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;EÂ&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; you disobey and still be holding on to no traditional consequences visiting is a visionless person. Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t allow ­Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; ÂśÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201E;Â?¨Â&#x2014; ¨¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Satan and his sinful pleasures. them. Does this make it right to have satan to use your life as a dumping ground Single Again To Marry Or Remarry.â&#x20AC;? Jesus said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;My sheep listen to my it done?); for sexual mess because of the pleasures My advice: The underlisted points are &/+V%Â&#x2DC;* *],/\*-Z%1^*(,X*-Z%Q*Â&#x201D;/))/\*1%Â&#x2019;Â&#x201C;* 5. Not because it might lead to unwanted you can get from inordinate sex. Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t get what I normally advice young persons to pregnancies. (If the man is sterile and (JOHN 10:27).  Â?Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;¥ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; do. One or two of them may be applicable So, beloved child of God, listen to Jesus his girlfriends are barren, does it while you are doing nothing to make your to you, depending on your age or status. warrant the sexual experimentations and as you follow Him, drop those sexual life relevant for God and yourself. There 1. Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¼¨Â&#x153;Œ¥Œ £Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¥­Â&#x2122;£¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; acts. before or outside marriage?); are too many Christians who want God to the number one; Grace Finisherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Assembly, 11, Unity give them Mr/Miss Right, while they are 2. Â?¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?ÂŁÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; 6. Not because it might lead me to hell if I do not repent. (Suppose thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no hell Crescent Akowonjo, Egbeda Lagos. Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2030;¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x2C6;Œ¢¢Â&#x2014; Œ§¼ ŽÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; parents/guardian/authorities -honour Facebook: wwwfacebook.com/ or, that God will continue to forgive havenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t done any good service to God. (EPH. 6:1-3); Email: us as long as we have it done either schoolofmarriage.com. They disobey Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s word, but wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t mind 3. Â?¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;δΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;¨Â&#x2DC;¢¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; before or outside marriage, does it Â&#x2030;'(V%Â&#x2C6;,+0Z%'0Â&#x203A;Q(Z//Â&#x2019;V/Â&#x2019;R] to have His blessing. How will you feel if career/studies with excellence; your For counselling please call: 08033007996; make it right for us to sleep with every your son or daughter constantly disobeys top priority in academic environment 08132665289; 08023449880 opposite sex available?) you, and desperately desire that you bless is not to make friends (yes, you canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t The deepest secret why a man or a him or her? avoid having friends) but avoid

Stop that thing now!

Sexual sin destroys relationships (5)

How to overcome sexual temptation My golden advice

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â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;God is set to restore real power into His churchâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

â&#x20AC;&#x153;

As the end of the world draws close and the contest against the ¢Â?¨¥¢Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¥£¤Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014; set to restore real power into His church so as to rescue mankind from the shackles of the devil.â&#x20AC;? This is a statement made by the convener of Real Power Conference, Pastor Toluwabori Ojo. According to him, at a time when the church, which is to be the light and ¢Â&#x2122;¥ Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ?¢ Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;ž¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; and darkness seems to be overtaking in every sphere of life in line with the scripture that says: â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the peoples, but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; God in His sovereignty has determined to rise as light upon his people. In preparation of Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s people to move in line with what God is ready to do, Real Power Conference, which comes up on March 15, 2014, has been organised. The conference, with the theme, â&#x20AC;&#x153;If any man is thirstyâ&#x20AC;?, is geared towards preparing the saints for the end time revival and harvest of souls into the kingdom, and it will hold at Golden Lamp Christian Centre, House of Impact, 165, Igando Â?Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Ă&#x2C6;¢ Â?Â&#x17E;¤Â&#x2014; ÂŹÂ? ¨Â&#x161;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014; 10 a.m. prompt.

Kenyan Anglican Archbishop hopeful of peace in South Sudan

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Ojo

The convener, a journalist turned preacher, said that another purpose of the programme is to challenge believers to return to the place of heart-felt, continued earnest prayer, which will bring a release of the anointing upon their lives. Ministering alongside the convener are Pastor Jide Dada (USA) and Rev. Joses Hizkiah (NIG.) at the registration free event.

he Archbishop of the Anglican Church of Kenya, Most Rev. Dr. Eliud Wabukala, said that there is still hope for South Sudan, despite setbacks. In a speech to a group of South Sudanese students organised by St. Paulâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s University in Limuru, Kenya, Wabukala condemned the violence that broke out in Sudan late last year, calling the violence ungodly and hated by God. â&#x20AC;&#x153;There is still hope in South Sudan despite the current situation, God will still bring a solution,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The day will come when your full independence will be realised.â&#x20AC;? He reminded the South Sudanese present that they could take their situation as an opportunity to glorify God and know His blessings. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Great people and great nations pass  ¼Â&#x2DC;Â?¨§¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;ÂŚ6ª¨¥ ŒÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; experiencing today, but you will be a great nation one day,â&#x20AC;? said Archbishop Wabukala. Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¨Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;£¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;žŒª Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?¨ ¼Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; žÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; region as violence and instability grew. Violence began in the country

on December 15, when loyalists to President Salva Kiir and rebels backing former Vice President Riek Machar ¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;§¼ ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;¢ Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Kiir and Machar represent the two largest ethnic groups in South Sudan, the Dinka and Nuer. As the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s newest country, the South Sudanese still heavily identify along ethnic, not national, lines. ÂŞÂŞÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂłĂ?¹¤¹¹¹Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; žÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; since the violence began.

Wabukala


61

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

CHRISTIAN WORSHIP

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he word of God concerning this year has gone forth. But we must realise that nothing of value is ever free. Value is essentially a function of cost. Waiting for anything of value without a readiness to pay the price, is wasting oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s life. Therefore, exceeding grace must cost us some exceeding price. We canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t get out of life more than we are willing to put into it. Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap (GALATIANS 6:7). We must understand that we cannot enter into great grace this year without fasting and prayer. We already have the Â?EÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¾ªÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014; engage ourselves essentially on the altar of prayer and fasting, to partake of the Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ºŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Œ¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¾ªÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; this year. Also note that, we donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t wait for Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Š¨¥Â&#x;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; engage in spiritual warfare to actualise the Š¨¥Â&#x;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ÂśĂ&#x2039;Â&#x2014;   Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;³¡ŽÂ&#x2014;Â?¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;¨Â&#x161;Œ¢¼Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201D;Š¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Œ¢¼Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Ž´Â&#x2014; They are the covenant platforms for the Š¨¥Â&#x;ÂĄÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;§¥Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŁÂŽÂ&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢ªÂ&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x; ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Âś   Â&#x2014;²³Ă&#x2018;Ă?šĂ&#x2039;Ă&#x152;¡ŽÂ&#x2014; All scripture is given by inspiration of /X^* (,X* +0* 2'/Â&#x2C6;-(Â&#x2014;)%* Â&#x201D;/'* X/V-'+,%^* Â&#x201D;/'* reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good worksÂ&#x2014;ÂśĂ&#x160;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014;Ă?Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;Ă?šĂ&#x2039;Ă&#x201C;¡Ž '/Â&#x2C6;-(Â&#x2014;)%*(22'/(VZ*-/*Â&#x201D;(0-+,Â&#x2030;Â&#x2022; $* Our purpose must be clearly

The Voice of Victory Dr. David Oyedepo 01-7747546-8 E-mail: feedback@lfcww.org

Unveiling the blessedness of prayer and fasting! X%Â&#x2C6;,%XÂ&#x2022;*Where there is no vision, the Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Œ¢¼Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013; ¼Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2122;­¤Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x17E;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂśÂ&#x2014;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2019;Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;³¡ŽÂ&#x2014; °Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂĽÂ?¢¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Œ Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; ¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Judah fasted to secure victory over the great company that rose against  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;ÂśĂ&#x160;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014;Ă&#x160;ÂąĂ&#x2018;²šĂ&#x160;Ă&#x152;¡ŽÂ&#x2014; °Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¥¢Â?Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;­Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2014;ÂłĂ&#x2018;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2039;š Ă&#x160;Ă?¤Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Œ§¼ Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2DC;Â?¨§¼Â&#x2014; their journey, and God granted them their desires. ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¥¢Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2014;Â&#x17E;λʬÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŹÂ&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Ă&#x152;Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;Ă?¤Â&#x2014;­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;¢ ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013; Œ ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; §Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Âś Â&#x2014; ²Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x160;¡ŽÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x17E;Â?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2013;´¥¥Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2013; Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2DC;¨¢ Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; along the line. We must also engage our hearts in seeking the Lord: The preparations of the heart in man, and the answer of the

Prophetic Moment with

Joshua Iginla

+2348164955049, 07035277520 www.championsroyalassembly.com championsroyalassembly@yahoo.com

Locating your destiny in the Word

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here is a word in due season for Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¸Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?ÂĄÂĄÂ?­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; of Christ, it is an error for you not to locate your destiny in Â?Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014; ­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?ÂŞÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014; word for your life, your open heaven is activated and your destiny is Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;¨ ¼¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â?­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Š¨¥¸Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â&#x2013;§Â&#x2DC;Œ £Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x153;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§¸Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2014; â&#x20AC;&#x153;And there was delivered unto Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¼¨Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Œ £¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; him the book of the prophet Esaias. mind for his people. The word of God And when he had opened the book, ΢Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x161;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x17E; ŒÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; he found the place where it was ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161; Â&#x2013;¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¸Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Œª Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; \'+%,^*-Z%*2+'+-*/Â&#x201D;*-Z%*/'X*+0*R2/,* Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;§¨Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;£¸Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; me, because he hath anointed me to God cannot return to him void, it must preach the gospel to the poor; he hath accomplish that to which it was sent. sent me to heal the broken hearted, ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2030;¨ŒÂ&#x17E;¢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Ă&#x152;Â&#x2014; ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; to preach deliverance to the captives, Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014;â&#x20AC;&#x153;For the word of God is quick and and recovering of sight to the blind, powerful; and shaper than any twoto set at liberty them that are bruised, edged sword, piercing even to the to preach the acceptable year of the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, Lord. And he closed the book , and he and of the joints and marrow, and is a gave it to the minister, and sat down. discerner of the thoughts and intents And the eyes of all them that were of the heartâ&#x20AC;?. Indeed, Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s word is in the synagogue were fastened on quick! It is faster than any invented him. And he began to say unto them, Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Ă&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; -Z+0* X(Q* +0* -Z+0* 0V'+2-R'%* Â&#x201D;R)Â&#x2C6;))%X* +,* speed of an aeroplane, a jet, or a rocket your ears. And all bare him witness,  Â?Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Ă&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; and wondered at the gracious words the precision and incisiveness of a which proceeded out of his mouth. surgeonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s knife to Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s word! The And they said, is not this Josephâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s word of God can penetrate the core son? And he said unto them, ye will of our spiritual and physical life. It is surely say unto me this proverb, a sword that can pierce any enemy of physician heal thyself; whatsoever Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;£¸Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; we have heard done in Capernaum, ÂŞÂ&#x2DC;¨¢¼Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x17E; ¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;¢ Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014;¨¢Â&#x2014; do also here in thy country. And he ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; Š¨¥Â&#x;ÂĄÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2DC;Œ¢ Â&#x2014; said, verily I say unto you, no prophet Jesus. Today, you will locate the word is accepted in his own country. But I Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¥ŒŠÂ&#x2013;¸Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; tell you of a truth, many widows were that you hear, and do, will do you in Israel in the days of Elias, when the §Â?Â?Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;¢¼Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; heaven was shut up for three years Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¥ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¤Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; and six months, when great famine Jesus name. was throughout all the landâ&#x20AC;?  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 Â?Â&#x161;§¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂśÂ&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;Ă?Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;¡Ž The preparation of the heart is vital to the outcome of our prayer and fasting Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Âś   Â&#x2014;Ă?ÂąĂ&#x2018;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2039;¡Ž Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; when ye shall search for me with all your ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2014;Âś   Â&#x2014;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2019;Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;Ă?¡ŽÂ&#x2014; Jotham, who reigned over Jerusalem, Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; §Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; himself. So Jotham became mighty, because he prepared his ways before the Lord his GodÂ&#x2014;ÂśĂ&#x160;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x201C;Ă&#x2018;Ă?¡ŽÂ&#x2014; We must come confessing and forsaking Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢ŒÂ&#x161;¢Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;ŠÂ&#x2013;¢¢Â&#x2014;Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢ŒÂ&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; ­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ŒŠÂ&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; hide iniquity in our hearts. Also, we must Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂŤÂ?ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;¨¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;ÂśĂ&#x2039;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014;Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x2018;³šĂ&#x2019;¡Ž

Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013; ¼Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; ¢ŒÂ&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; ­¼Â?¢Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;ŠÂ&#x2013;¢¢Â&#x2013; ¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; forsaketh them shall have mercy Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂśĂ&#x160;Â&#x2014;   Â&#x2014; Ă?Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;Ă?¡ŽÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â?ª Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â?Š¤Â&#x2014; for correction, for instruction in Â&#x2DC;Œ§¼ Â&#x2013;Â?¨¢Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¢¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â?Â&#x203A;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2DC;Œ¢ ŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;ª ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;¢ Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;£ ¼¢¤Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¼¨Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;��&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x2013; Œª¤Â&#x2014;¼Œ¢ Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;ª ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?Â?¸Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂŤÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â?Â?ÂŹÂŽÂŽÂŽÂ&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; ¥ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;§ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; and dynamic, as it works in us. The word of God is a standard for testing Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;£ ¼ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;¥¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x153;¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x2013;¸Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x17E;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Œ ¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014;¨¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;¨ ¼Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Œ§¼ Â&#x2013;Â?¨¢Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¢¢¸Â&#x2014; it is your safe guard against false  Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;§¢¸Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢Â?¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;§¨ŒÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ?­Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014;¢¼Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;¸Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â?¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ?­Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â?­Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;¨ª¼Â&#x2014; ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Œ¢ªÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; your life? Read it regularly to discover Â?Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;¨ ¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; your life and faith. As you locate and Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ?­Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;£¤Â&#x2014;¢Â?Â&#x2014;¢¼Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; secured, in the mighty name of Jesus. ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;

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Â&#x2014;Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x160;Ă&#x2019;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;΢Â&#x2013;Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014;â&#x20AC;&#x153;For /R'* /X*+0*(*V/,0R1+,Â&#x2030;*Â&#x2C6;'%Â&#x201C;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; God of judgement. I declare: there is no Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂŤÂŚÂ&#x161;Œ £Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x2022;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;¢ Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2013;¥¸Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; against you shall prosper, every tongue that rises up in judgement against you ΢Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â?­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â?¨Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¥ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;¢¨Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?¢ Â&#x2014; Œ§¼Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014;Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂĽÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2122;ÂĽÂ&#x2014;Œ¢¢ŒÂ&#x2014;­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â?¨§¼ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ­ŒªÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ª Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC; £¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;΢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014; ¢ŒªÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;¢¢¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¿Œª ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x161;ŠÂ&#x2DC;¨Œ Š¨¥Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¢¢¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¢¢¤Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122;Œ¥¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; curses, strongholds and death in your life, in Jesus name. The word of God is a lamp unto our feet and a light unto our path ÂśÂ&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x2019;Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;¹²¡¸Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;¢¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; direction so that you are not led astray. Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;žÂ&#x2013;ª Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; quantity and quality of the word of God he carries and manifests...surely, the quantum and content of the word

ÂśÂ&#x2014;Ă&#x160;ÂłĂ&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;Ă?¡Ž Therefore, we must strive to see sin Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ¼ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;¢ŽÂ&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2014; we want to grow in grace, we must grow out of sin. Friend, the power to key into the Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;§¤Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; preserve of those who are children of Â?Â&#x203A;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â?¨Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;ŠÂ&#x2013;¢¢ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¢ŒÂ&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; and accepting Jesus as your Lord and Â&#x2122;ÂŤÂŚÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â?­¤Â&#x2014; ŒŠÂ&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014; â&#x20AC;&#x153;Lord Jesus, I come to You today. I am a sinner. Forgive me of my sins. Cleanse me with Your precious Blood. Deliver me from sin and satan, to serve the Living God. Today, I accept You as my Lord and Saviour. Thank You, for saving me! Now, I know I am born again!â&#x20AC;? I will continue with this teaching Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¾ Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂŽÂ&#x2014; ¾ªÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚ0¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; portion this year! ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;ÂĄÂ?Œ Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¥ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x203A;¨ª Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; knowledge. For further reading, please §Â&#x2013; Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?Â?¢Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014;Winning Prayer and Keys To Answered Prayer and Born To Win. I invite you to come and fellowship with us at the Faith Tabernacle, Canaan Land,  Â&#x2122;¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢ŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; have four services on Sundays, holding Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Ă?Ă&#x2018;¹¹Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂŽÂ&#x153;Ž¤Â&#x2014;Ă&#x201C;Ă&#x2018;Ă?²Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂŽÂ&#x153;Ž¤Â&#x2014;Ă&#x2019;Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;ÂąÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂŽÂ&#x153;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Ă&#x2039;¹ŽĂ&#x152;²Â&#x2014; a.m. respectively. I know this teaching has blessed you. Write and share your testimony with me through: Faith Tabernacle, Canaan Land, Ota, P.M.B. 21688, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria; or call 7747546-8; or E-mail: feedback@ lfcww.org

of God that a man carries makes him a spiritual container that can contain any continent! What makes a church ΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;§Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;¨Œ¥Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢ŒºÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;§Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; the undiluted word of God and the presence of God therein. The word of God is the spiritual nutrient that can Â&#x161;Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Œ¢¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¢Â?¨¥¸Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC; Œ¥ŒºÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂŚÂşÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?Â&#x203A;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; today, in Jesus name. Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;­ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x201C;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; anchor scripture, Jesus entered into the synagogue and located the word Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŞÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2013; Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;¼¸Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; žÂ&#x2013;¢¼Â&#x2014; Âś  Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;¡Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ&#x2013; Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?ÂŞÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2013; Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¢ªÂ&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x17E; ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Œ§¼ Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?ÂŞÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; that pertains to you! Some people are ¢¨EÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ&#x2013; Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;¸Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; operating under closed heaven... a closed heaven is a closed destiny! I Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;ª£¤Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¢¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; §¥Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; opened to that situation that is holding ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?¨Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;¢¼Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¥ŒŠÂ&#x2013;¸Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;¢¼Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x161; Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŞÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;¸Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013; ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014;ÂŤÂ?ÂŚÂ&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;¨¢ Â&#x2014; accomplish that to which it was sent to do in your life, in Jesus name. ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  Â&#x2014; Ă&#x152;Ă&#x2018;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;ÂłÂ&#x2014; ­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ½¨¾ Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014;   Â&#x2014; Ă?Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2039;šĂ&#x160;Â&#x2014; gives a summary of the true mission of Christ here on earth as earlier foretold: â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Spirit of the Lord is upon me , because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord.â&#x20AC;?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; mission of Christ here on earth was to Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2014;§Â?Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ŒÂ&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â?Â?Â&#x2DC;¸Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC; £Ă&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ?Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x;§¼ ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Œ £Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;

Â&#x2013;¢¨¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂŽÂŽ Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2013;Ă&#x2013;Ă&#x2013; To be continued next week


62

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

CHRISTIAN WORSHIP

Oluwarohunbi: From civil servant to Bishop Folu Olamiti

F

or Bishop Michael Adebayo Oluwarohunbi and his family, February18, 2014, would remain an ¨š©˜§–<™•¡–— ›™ –— ¦š—  ¥–¦˜— œ¦š›¢®— š— ¥™ —›™£¤— ¥–—¥¦–˜™˜ª¥£—©— ¥–—š§¡¦ª™š— ¥¨˜ª¥— ©— ¦§–˜¦™— ž˜¦–¢ ¥›— ™¢— ­–¡¡— ™¢—  ¥–˜—›¦§š¦ ™˜¦–¢—™š›—–œ¦š–š —ž–˜¢š™¡¦ ¦–¢— from far and wide, including friends and ­–¡¡—­¦¢¥–˜¢¤—§™ ¥–˜–›—™ — ¥–—™¦š — ™œ–¢´— ™ ¥–›˜™¡¤—¬–—¡™¤— •™›™š¤— —­¦ š–¢¢—¥¦¢— ©˜œ™¡—ªš¢–ª˜™ ¦š—™¢— ¥–—˜›—¦¢¥ž—©— –­™—¦ª–¢–—©— ¥–—š§¡¦ª™š—œœ¨š¦š®——  —­™¢—™—§¡˜¦¨¢—–«–š —­¦ š–¢¢–›—•£—«–˜— Ëͱ— •¦¢¥ž¢— ™ — ­¥¦ª¥—  ¥–— ¢ — –«–˜–š›— Caleb Maduoma of Owerri, who preached  ¥–—¢–˜œš¤—¢™¦›—¢—œ¨ª¥—™•¨ —•–¦š§—¥¡£¤— ªœœ¦ œ–š — ™š›— ›–›¦ª™ ¦š— ©— ™— •¦¢¥ž—  —  ¥–— ¢–˜«¦ª–— ©— ›— ™š›— ¥¨œ™š¦ £®— —  — ­™¢¤—  ¥–˜–©˜–¤— š — ¢¨˜ž˜¦¢¦š§—  ¥™ —  ¥–— ™¨ ¥˜¦ ¦–¢— ©—  ¥–— ª¥¨˜ª¥— ª¥¢–— ¦¢¥ž— ¡¨­˜¥¨š•¦— ©˜—  ¥–— –µ™¡ –›— 6ª–— ©˜œ— ™œš§— ¢–«–˜™¡— ›–¢–˜«¦š§— ¢–š¦˜— ž˜¦–¢ ¢®— š ¦¡— ¥¦¢— ªš¢–ª˜™ ¦š— ™¢— ¦¢¥ž¤— ¥–— ­™¢—  ¥–— ¨ž–˜«¦¢¦š§— ˜¦–¢ — ©—  ¥–— ™ ¥–›˜™¡— ¥¨˜ª¥—©— ¥–—›«–š —¦š—•¨½™—™š›—™¡¢— ¥–— –ª˜– ™˜£— — ¥–—š§¡¦ª™š—œœ¨š¦š®——

–— ­™¢— –¡–ª –›— ¦¢¥ž— ¦š— ™š¨™˜£—  ¥¦¢— £–™˜— ™ —  ¥–— š§¡¦ª™š— ¥¨˜ª¥´¢— ¦¢¥ž¢´— – ˜–™ —™ —§•™˜¥™— ˜—¦š—–¡ ™— ™ –®— ¦¢— 6ª¦™¡—¦š¢ ™¡¡™ ¦š—˜¦ –¢—­¦¡¡—•–—ªšª¡¨›–›— š—™˜ª¥—Í—™ — ¥–—–­™—¦ª–¢–—¦š—§¨š—  ™ –—­¥¦ª¥—¦¢—¦š— ¥–—ªª¡–¢¦™¢ ¦ª™¡—˜«¦šª–— ©— ™§¢®— ¥–— š–­— ¦¢¥ž— ¦¢— ™— ˜– ¦˜–›— ž¨•¡¦ª—¢–˜«™š —­¥—¥™›—¢–˜«–›—©˜—ʲ—£–™˜¢— œ–˜¦ ˜¦¨¢¡£— ¦š— «™˜¦¨¢— ª™ž™ª¦ ¦–¢— ¦š—  ¥–— –›–˜™¡—¦«¦¡—–˜«¦ª–—•–©˜–—¥¦¢—«¡¨š ™˜£— ˜– ¦˜–œ–š —¦š—ʱ±Ò— —½¦š—©¨¡¡— ¦œ–—œ¦š¦¢ ˜£— ¦š— ¥–—ª¥¨˜ª¥® ˜š—¦š —™—¥¨œ•¡–¤—­–¡¡—¬š­š—¥˜¦¢ ¦™š— ©™œ¦¡£— «–˜— ²Ð— £–™˜¢— ™§— ¦š— ˜˜¨­— «¦¡¡™§–— ¦š— ˜¦ž–— ª™¡— «–˜šœ–š —˜–™— ©— ¢¨š—  ™ –¤— £¨š§— ¦ª¥™–¡— ›–•™£— Oluwarohunbi and his siblings were •˜¨§¥ — ¨ž— ¦š— ¢ ˜¦ª — ¥˜¦¢ ¦™š—  ˜™›¦ ¦š—  — ¨ž¥¡›— ¥˜¦¢ ¦™š— «™¡¨–¢— ™š›— «¦˜ ¨–¢®— š— ©™ª ¤— ¦ — ­™¢— ¥¦¢— §˜™š›©™ ¥–˜— ­¥— •˜¨§¥ — ¥˜¦¢ ¦™š¦ £— —¥¦¢—«¦¡¡™§–® «–˜£—œ–œ•–˜—©— ¥–—©™œ¦¡£—­™¢— ™¨§¥ —  —¡«–¤—¢–˜«–—™š›—©–™˜— ›—™š›— —•–—§›— ™œ•™¢¢™›˜¢— ©— ¥˜¦¢ — ­¥–˜–«–˜—  ¥–£— ©¨š›—  ¥–œ¢–¡«–¢®— –— ­™¢— ¢ ˜¨§§¡¦š§—  — ¬––ž— ©™¦ ¥— ­¦ ¥—  ¥¦¢— ™›œš¦ ¦š— ¨š ¦¡— ¥–— ¥™›—™š—–šª¨š –˜—­¦ ¥— ›—¦š—ËÒÓҗ­¥¦ª¥— ª¥™š§–›—¥¦¢—¥˜¦¢ ¦™š—½¨˜š–£—›˜™œ™ ¦ª™¡¡£— ™š›—«–˜£—ž¢¦ ¦«–¡£®

–™˜—¥¦¢—™ªª¨š —©— ¥–—–šª¨š –˜Ñ—Ä¥–— ¥˜¦¢ ¦™š— •™ª¬§˜¨š›— ©— ¨˜— ž™˜–š ¢— ¥™›— §˜–™ — ž¢¦ ¦«–— –E–ª — š— ¨˜— ¡¦«–¢®— ¥™ — š ­¦ ¥¢ ™š›¦š§¤— — ­™¢— ¢ ¦¡¡— ›¦š§— ¢œ–— ©¨šš£—  ¥¦š§¢— ¨š ¦¡— — ¥™›— ™— ž–˜¢š™¡— –šª¨š –˜—­¦ ¥— ¥–—˜›®—š›— ¥™ —­™¢—¦š— ËÒÓҗ­¥–š— —­™¢—¦š— ¥–—ª¥¡—©—¨¢¦š–¢¢—  ¨›¦–¢¤— ­™˜™— ™ –—ª¥¡—©—–ª¥š¡§£¤— ¡˜¦š®— — ­™¢— ™— œ–œ•–˜— ©—  ¥–— –¡¡­¢¥¦ž— ©—¥˜¦¢ ¦™š— ¨›–š ¢®—  —­™¢—™ — ¥™ —ž¦š — ›— ™˜˜–¢ –›— œ–— ™š›— — ¥™›—  ¥™ — ž–˜¢š™¡— –šª¨š –˜—­¦ ¥— ¥–—˜›®—¦šª–— ¥–š¤— ¥–˜–—

Oluwarohunbi

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African Anglican primates worry over C.A.R conflict

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Ntahoturi


63

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

CHRISTIAN WORSHIP Pastor dies handling snakes, son wants to continue

C

Â?Â&#x203A;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?Â? ¢¤Â&#x2014; ¢Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¨ª£Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;¢ Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;­¼Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x161;Â?¨Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; over the Full Gospel Tabernacle in Jesus Name church. Cody, 21, also vows to continue ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; during his time, saying his father, Jamie Coots, would want him to continue serving the church.

Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2013;­Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x153;Â?¨¢Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Œ Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; refused treatment. His Pentecostal ª¼¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;¢¢Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;¢¨§§Â&#x2013;¢ ¢Â&#x2014;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x153;Â?¨¢Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; hurt believers. Handling the poisonous ¢Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;§Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; ¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; country. Ă&#x201E; Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014;ŒŠÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŹÂ&#x2014; out of his grave and slap me clean across the face,â&#x20AC;? Cody said of what his father ­Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŹÂ&#x2014;ŒŠÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢ Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;¢ŽÂ&#x2014; Ă&#x201E;ÂĽÂ&#x2122; ´¢Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ?­Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨ª¼Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; in it. I mean he was that strong in it. He believed in it enough he died for it, so I wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t step down for anyone.â&#x20AC;? He said he would also refuse medical care if he was bit. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I will lay right there and say to everyone, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Godâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s will,â&#x20AC;? he said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s good enough to live by, and good enough to die by.â&#x20AC;? ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¨ª£Â&#x2014; ª¼¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122; ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â?§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2014;¢¼Â?­¤Â&#x2014;Ă&#x201E;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Salvation.â&#x20AC;? The show featured Jamie ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢¤Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?<Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x153;Â?¨ ¼¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; copperheads. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In following Pastor Coots for our series Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂŤÂ&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; ¥£Â&#x2014; ¢ Â&#x2DC;¨ªÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ?¨ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¥Œ§ŒÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Œª ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x17E;Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¥ ¼Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;§Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂĄÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?0Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; faced,â&#x20AC;? National Geographic Channels Â&#x17E;Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2013;¢­Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161; §Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; said in a statement. Ă&#x201E;ÂĽÂ?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Œ¢¢Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¥­Â&#x2122;£¢Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC; ¼Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; him and his congregants as a means to demonstrate their unwavering faith. We were honoured to be allowed such unique access to Pastor Jamie and his congregation during the course of our show, and give context to his method of worship. Our thoughts are with his ŠÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;ÂŚÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚ6ª¨¥ Â&#x2014; ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;ÂŽĂ&#x17D;

Marriage&Relationship with Rev. Olufunke Alli 08020376469

funkealli2007@yahoo.com

â&#x20AC;Ś Till death do us part

D

ear Theophilus, I am sure so many things will be going on in your heart seeing the above title. Sometimes, it is important  Â?Â&#x2014; ¼ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŹÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; in love with each other and you do not ­Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;¥Œ¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; counsel that is opposed to both of you §Â&#x2013;<ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;¢Â?Â&#x2014;¢­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013; Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; one prays for oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s spouse and self to live together forever, but God has not ordained it so. Those whose spouse die in old age are blessed and would probably not really understand what I am about to write on. In the last 10 years, some notable ministers of God lost their wives or simply put, their wives went to be with the Lord, and have remarried. Some of them Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2013;­Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161; ¼¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;΢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; of their wives only one of them remarried Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;§Â? Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Ă&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Over 20 years ago, a notable female bishop lost her husband in a motor accident, and the woman remarried a ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161; ¤Â&#x2014; published messages from men of God condemning this, saying that it was too Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014;¢Â?ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014; about her remarriage until I read it on the pages of newspapers condemning her action on my way to a marriage seminar I was preaching that morning. As soon as I saw the headline, I grieved within me and I whispered a prayer for her, and the Lord said to me there and then, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Do not join the ­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŽĂ&#x17D;Â&#x2014;ÂŚ<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014; that many other people have read the same news that morning before coming  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x161;Œ¢¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ministering and it was time for question Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2030;¨Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; §Â? Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; my audience was about the issue. The Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014;ŒŠÂ&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Œ§¼ Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; such a woman to get herself involved with another man so soon. Every other question went in that direction and the Lord gave me wisdom to handle them, saying that it Central African Republic strictly a personal thing and I would not divided along religious lines isÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ?­Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;­¼£Â&#x2014;¢¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ªŒ¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;žŒª Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; §Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2030;¨ŒÂ&#x2013; Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ­¼Œ¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; African Republic (CAR) was there. continues, Secretary General Truly, it is obvious that I cannot answer Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¢¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; for all these men of God that got married ŒšÂ&#x153;Â?Â?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2013;­Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161; ¼¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;΢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; deployment of more troops and aid to rescue the troubled nation. France has however increased her troops while European Union has said it would start sending as many as 1,000 soldiers to the country in March to the country divided along religious line. The country has been ravaged by ¢Â&#x2013;ª Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;Ă?¤¹¹¹Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2DC;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Union troops are on the ground now, aided s the crisis in the Central African Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014; Ă&#x160;¤¹¹¹Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2014; ¢Â?ÂĄÂ&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢ŽÂ&#x2014; ŒšÂ&#x153;Â?Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Republic (CAR) continues, recently said that the mission needed 3,000 Churches in the troubled nation Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢Â?ÂĄÂ&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â?ÂĄÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Ă&#x203A;Ă?ÂłÂ&#x2014; are caring for thousands of million to buy food and fuel for the African Muslims trapped in a cycle of revenge troops. Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2122;ª¢¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?šÂĽÂ&#x2DC;Œ¢ ŒÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ŒšÂ&#x153;Â?Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢Â?Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013; ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; militia.  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ª¨Â&#x2DC;Œ £Â&#x2014; Â?¨Â&#x161;ÂŞÂŚÂĄÂ&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x161; ŒšÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Œ¥Œ ŒÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; recommendations for a United Nations Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Œ¢¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x2022;¨¢ Â&#x2014; have been emptying Muslim quarters Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;§ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2122;ª¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2122;¤Â&#x2014; mandate to protect civilians,â&#x20AC;? but any such Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¢¥Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Œ¢ Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Œ¥Œ ŒÂ&#x2122;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; deployment, if approved by the council, ­Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161; ¼¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;¨ Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; through the country in early 2013, ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â?ª Â?Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x2DC;ŒºŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2DC;Œ¢ ŒÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Œ ¼Â?¨ Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2DC;Œ ŒªŒ¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; churches, hospitals and shops. Now that the Muslim president Michel Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;ÂŚÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;¢ Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;¢¨6ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ½Â? Â?Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; ¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â?­Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014; is being forced to withdraw from its displaced by the violence.

wives. What I do not understand is the ÂŞÂĽÂ?ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ­ŒÂ&#x2013;¢ŽÂ&#x2014; ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014; ­ŒÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; from nationality outside the country. Does it mean that they have regrets marrying  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; ­ŒÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ­¼Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­¢Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚ<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? ¼ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2014; This is not really my business. What I am trying to understand is if they married their wives for companionship and since she is dead, the husband needs another ­Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂĄÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; the new wife more that the dead ones? Is it easy to forget the memory of the dead wife so soon? I have heard such arguments Â&#x2122;¢¤Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201E; Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; §Â&#x2DC;Â?­Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;0Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁĂ&#x2013;Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201E; Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2013; Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; than to burn.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our children are so small  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;§¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;ÂŽĂ&#x17D;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014; is so convenient when it is the man that is bereaved, if it were the woman, the world would clamp down on her and call her all

Christ died for both male and female. He did not give the woman a separate law or commandment. Whatever He said to the man, He said to the woman

A

Religious tolerance: War-torn churches shelter Muslims

A

¢ Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;§¼Â?ÂĄÂ&#x203A;¢¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â?­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢¼Œ0¢¤Â&#x2014; amid a mass exodus and displacement of Muslims. Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â?¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;  Â?­Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x2DC; ¼­Â&#x2013;¢ ¤Â&#x2014; a Roman Catholic parish is caring for Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Ă&#x160;¤¹¹¹Â&#x2014;¨¢¥ŒÂ&#x153;¢Â&#x2014;­¼Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014;žÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; A group of Catholic sisters in the town Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?¢¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x17E; Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2013;¥ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; 500 Muslims, providing food, water and medicine. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Now is the time for [people] of good will to stand up and prove the strength and quality of their faith,â&#x20AC;? the Rev. Xavier Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢ Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â?¤Â&#x2014; Â?ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŽ One reason Muslims are able to  Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2013;¥ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ª¼¨Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s religious leaders believe this is a Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¥Œ§ŒÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;žŒª ¤Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂŽÂ&#x2014;ÂŚÂŞÂ?ÂĄÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂ?ÂŁÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;š Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;§Â?¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢ŒÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Alliance of Evangelical Churches in the Central African Republic. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We have been traveling to the provinces telling people to understand this is not a Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¥Œ§ŒÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;žŒª ¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂ?Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;š

sorts of names as if she too would not face a similar problem or challenge painted earlier, as they said about the woman bishop who remarried. Whatever is good for the goose is sauce for the gander. If the world understands that it is right for the Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;­ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;š¢Œ¾Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161; ¼¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­ŒŠÂ&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;¢¼Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; not frown when the woman remarries Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼¨¢Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; 0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;¥¥¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â? ¼Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢ Œ¥¥Â&#x2014;žÂ&#x2013;¢¼Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ?Â?Â&#x203A;ÂŽ ÂĽÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;£¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; a spouse? Paul the Apostle, while writing  Â?Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161; ¼ŒÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x17E; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201C;Ă&#x2018;ÂłÂ&#x2014;Ă&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Ă&#x2019;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014;²Ă&#x2018;Ă&#x2019;¤Â&#x2014; said that the unmarried and widows who cannot control themselves should marry and any widow who is below 60 years should marry instead of becoming busy Â&#x2022;Â?Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢´Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢ŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014; ¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; §Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;§¨Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;widowâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; for the two bereaved (male and ŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¡Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Ž My argument is this, if men cannot bear ÂĄÂŚÂŤÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ­ŒÂ&#x2013;¢´Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;΢Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¢¼Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¥¢Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; also may not be able to bear living alone. ÂĽÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;­Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ­ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2013;­Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161; ¼¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; wivesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; death should also allow the woman to do the same. Christ died for both male and female. He did not give the woman a separate law or commandment. Whatever He said to the man, He said to the woman. ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢¼Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; be forced on the woman. She is already Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;¨Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; the death of her husband has created, if she does not want to sleep around, she should be encouraged to remarry. Stop calling her Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;¢Ă&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂĄÂ?­Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¥¢Â?Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;½Â?ÂŁÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚ<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; mercies of God with peace of mind. If God does not condemn her, no one has a right  Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014;¢Â?ÂŽÂ&#x2014;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¥¥¤Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŤÂ?­Â&#x2014;¢¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; wedding day was, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;â&#x20AC;Śtill death do us partâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; While the memory of her late husband lingers, and she refuses to remarry, she should enjoy support from all as a widow, but if she wants to remarry let her do it, she has not sinned. ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2122;¥¥£¤Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;½¨¢ Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014; if true love embraces another woman in ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?¢Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;¢¼Â?Â&#x2DC; ¥£Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; ¼Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; ponder on these things, God bless you.

Gbango. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is contributing some tolerance, although many people, ÂŚÂ&#x161;ª¥¨Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2DC;Œ¢ ŒÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢¤Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;¨Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;¢ŽÂ&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;<Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;ÂŽĂ&#x17D; Roman Catholic Archbishop Dieudonne ÂşÂ&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;§¨ŒÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x203A;ÂŚÂ?ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; has welcomed Imam Omar Kobine Layama, president of the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Islamic Community, to live with him in the church compound. Ă&#x201E; Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ?Â&#x161;§¢ŒÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2DC;Œ¢ ŒÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;­Œ¢Â&#x2013;¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; ÂşÂ&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; statement Tuesday (Feb. 18) for Caritas, the international relief organization. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Love should be a characteristic of Christians. You canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t call yourself a Christian if you ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;Â?¨Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2013;¥ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Christian when you hunt him down.â&#x20AC;? CAR interim President, Catherine Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;šÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂşÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201E;§Â?ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161; ŒšÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2122;¤Â&#x2014; ­¼Â?Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; described as having replaced a â&#x20AC;&#x153;sense of  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Œ¢¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¤Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014;­Œ ¼Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ŠÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§¢Ž


64

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

CHRISTIAN WORSHIP

‘It is not easy to record, release songs in America’ Kingsley Ogunde is a gospel artist with a difference. Ogunde, who recently returned from the United State, where he was based, told TOPE OLUKOLE, how God instructed him about his journey to America and back. He said singing has kept him going, and also compared marketing of gospel music in Nigeria to what obtains in America. Excerpts:

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ow come it is easy for you to leave the U.S and go back unlike others who say you have to hide for some time and prepare some papers? ¦š–— ­™¢— ›¦E–˜–š — ©˜œ— ¢œ–—  ¥–˜¢— •–ª™¨¢–— — ›¦›— š — §—  — œ–˜¦ª™— ©— œ£— ­š— ž¡™š— ܗ ›—  ¡›— œ–—  — §— ™š›— –— ¢™¦›— —™œ— ™¬¦š§—£¨— —œ–˜¦ª™—•–ª™¨¢–— ©—£¨˜—œ¦š¦¢ ˜£®—š›—­¥–š— ¥–— ¦œ–—ª™œ–—  — §¤— ¦ — ­™¢— ž–ž¡–— «–˜—  ¥–˜–—  ¥™ — ­–˜–— ª™¡¡¦š§—œ–®—¤—­¥–š— —­™¢—§¦š§¤— —›¦›š´ — ¥¦›–¤— —­–š —­¦ ¥—œ£— –™œ—™š›—­–—›¦›š´ — §—­¦ ¥—©™¬–—ž™ž–˜¢®—¥™ —¦¢—­¥£— —™œ—™•¡–—  —§—¦š—™š›—ªœ–—¨ ®—– ¤—¦ — ™¬–¢—¢œ–—  ¦œ–— —ªšš–ª —£¨˜—ž™ž–˜¢—¢¦šª–—£¨—§— š—«¦¢¦ ™ ¦š—™š›—š — —•–—™—˜–¢¦›–š ®—¤— š–— ­™£— ˜—  ¥–—  ¥–˜¤— ­–— ¨ž›™ –›— ¨˜— ž™ž–˜¢— —•–ªœ–—˜–¢¦›–š ¢—™š›—­–—¢ ™˜ –›— §¦š§— ž¡™ª–¢®— –—  ¥™š¬— ›—  ¥™ —  ›™£¤— ­–— ™¡¢— ¥™«–— ©™š¢— ¦š—œ–˜¦ª™š— ™¢— ¦©— ¦ — ¦¢— ¨˜—•¦˜ ¥—ž¡™ª–®—–—œ¦š¦¢ –˜— —¦§–˜¦™š¢— ™š›—šš—¦§–˜¦™š¢®— —ª™šš —©˜§– —¦§–˜¦™— –«–š— ¥¨§¥— —™œ—˜–¢¦›–š —¦š—œ–˜¦ª™—™¢— ™—œ¨¢¦ª—œ¦š¦¢ –˜®— —¥™«–—œ£—©™š¢—¥–˜–—™š›—  ¥–˜–®—¤— —¥™«–—›–ª¦›–›— ¥™ —©˜œ—š­—š¤— —™œ—§¦š§— —•–—¢ž–š›¦š§—™—¥™¡©—˜—ɨ™˜ –˜— ©— ¥–—£–™˜—¥–˜–—¦š—¦§–˜¦™®— You were known then through Sony R0+V^*Z/\*\+))*Q/R*X%0V'+—%*Q/R'*)+)%* experience with the company before living for the U.S.? ¨˜¦š§— ¥–— ¦œ–—©—š£—¨¢¦ª¤—­–—¥™›— ™— •¦§— š™œ–— ™š›— ™— •¦§— ªœž™š£¤— •¨ —  ¥–—  ˜¨ ¥—¦¢— ¥™ — ¥–—ª¨š ˜£—­™¢—š — —§›— –ªšœ¦ª™¡¡£®— –— ­–˜–— žž¨¡™˜— ™¡¡— «–˜—  ¥–— ª¨š ˜£¤— ­¦ ¥— ˜–ª˜›— –«–˜£­¥–˜–— •¨ — š ¥¦š§— —¢¥­®—¥™ —¦¢—­¥£—­–—§˜™••–›—  ¥–—žž˜ ¨š¦ £—­¥–š— ¥–—¦š«¦ ™ ¦š—ª™œ–—  —§— —œ–˜¦ª™®—š£—¨¢¦ª—­™¢—™—«–˜£— •¦§—š™œ–—­¦ ¥—¦š –˜š™ ¦š™¡—™6¡¦™ ¦š¤—•¨ — ­–—›¦›š´ —œ™¬–—¨˜—œš–£®— So, what do you do for a living in America? ¦š§¦š§— ¦¢— ­¥™ — — ¡¦«–— šÑ— ¦ — ¦¢— œ£— ž˜©–¢¢¦š— So, singing can keep you going? ¦š§¦š§—ª™š—¬––ž—œ–—§¦š§—•–ª™¨¢–— —™œ— š–—©— ¥–—©–­—­¥—™˜–—ª™¡¡–›®—¨—¬š­— — ™œ—š —­¥™ — ¥–—˜¨•™—ª™¡¡—Äœ§•—œ— £™Î— ¶§™ –— ª˜™¢¥–˜¢·®—  — ¦¢— š — •–ª™¨¢–—  ¥¦¢— œ™š—¦¢—¢¦š§¦š§—™š›— —­™š — —¢¦š§— ®—¤— ¦©—£¨—™˜–—š —ª™¡¡–›—¦š —¦ ¤—›š´ —§—¦š —¦ — •–ª™¨¢–—š–—­™£—˜— ¥–— ¥–˜¤—­¥–š— ¥¦š§¢— ¢––œ—š —˜¦§¥ ¤—£¨—­™š — — ˜£—£¨˜—¥™š›¢— š—™š£— ¥–˜—½•¤—•¨ — ¥–š¤—£¨—œ¦¢¢—¦ ®— ©— — ­™š — —›—™š£— ¥–˜—½•— ›™£—¦š—œ–˜¦ª™¤—  ¥–˜–—­¦¡¡—•–—š— ¦œ–—©˜—œ–— —•–—¦š—©¨¡¡—  ¦œ–—œ¨¢¦ª®— —™œ—™¡­™£¢—š— ¥–—˜™›—™š›— — ª™š— •–— •¬–›— ©˜— ›™£¢— ¡¦¬–— ¥¨˜¢›™£¤— ˜¦›™£¤— ™ ¨˜›™£— ™š›— ¨š›™£¤—  ¥™ — ¦¢—  ¥–— š™ ¨˜–—©—¨˜—œ¨¢¦ª®— š— ¢ž–¡—œ¨¢¦ª¤—£¨— ›š´ — ­™¦ — ©˜— š¡£— ­––¬–š›—  — ž–˜©˜œ¤— œ¦š¦¢ ˜™ ¦š¢¤— ª˜¨¢™›–¢— ™š›— ¢ž–ª¦™¡— ¢–˜«¦ª–¢—™˜–—™¡¡—«–˜— ¥–—ž¡™ª–¢® Were you able to release an album in America?  — ¦¢— š — –™¢£—  — ˜–ª˜›— ™š›— ˜–¡–™¢–— ¦š— œ–˜¦ª™¤— •¨ — ›— ¥–¡ž–›— œ–—  — ˜–¡–™¢–—

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SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

EXECUTIVE EDUCATION

Bankers should be punished for acting irresponsibly – Huw van Steenis, Morgan Stanley Bank Chris Uba chris.uba@mydailynewswatchng.com

Head of European Financial Services Research at Investment Bank Morgan Stanley, Van Steenis, won plaudits for his forecasting, as XYZ[\]^_\`q_qz{_\z|{}{}~q]\€Z€ He explains his worldview on the crisis:

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hat did you learn from the crisis, and has it changed the way you view the system and the way markets work? John Keynes said, “Practical men, who believe themselves to be quite –µ–œž — ©˜œ— ™š£— ¦š –¡¡–ª ¨™¡— ¦š¾¨–šª–¤— are usually the slaves of some defunct economist.” Many banking executives and policy makers went into the crisis with a mental roadmap which simply ›¦›š´ — Ÿ —  ¥–— ª˜¦¢¦¢®— ´«–— •––š— ©™¢ª¦š™ –›— by how many eminent individuals got it so wrong. Before the crisis, the majority of the academic community had very ¡¦<¡–— ˜–§™˜›— ©˜—  ¥–— ª˜–›¦ — ª¥™šš–¡´¢— ­š— dynamics. We have learned a lot from  ¥–— ª˜¦¢¦¢¤— ™š›— œ™š£— ™¢ž–ª ¢— ©— Ÿš™šª¦™¡— reform make sense, but there is still ¦š¢¨6ª¦–š — ©ª¨¢— š—  ¥–— ¥¡¦¢ ¦ª— ¢£¢ –œ®— We are still feeling our way through the process of the understanding of a stable system and macro-prudential policies. That’s probably the number one thing ´«–—¡–™˜š–›Ñ—½¨¢ —¥­—œ™š£—ž–ž¡–—§ —¦ — wrong. The whole point about being an analyst is to question whether the market has got it right and to have the courage of your convictions when you think it hasn’t. Number two would be about how ¢¨ž–˜Ÿª¦™¡—  ¥–— ˜–§¨¡™ ˜´¢— ª¡¡–ª ¦«–— ¨š›–˜¢ ™š›¦š§—­™¢—©— ¥–—Ÿš™šª¦™¡—¢£¢ –œ— as a whole. Many parts of the system were simply not focused on as risks accumulated. We failed to learn enough from the lessons from prior emerging œ™˜¬– —ª˜¦¢–¢®—  —–ª¥–¢— ¥–—ËÒб¢—¦š— ¥™ —¦ — actually confronted the paradigm people were in.

Steenis

protectionist instinct is understandable, it also means that ª™ž¦ ™¡— ­¦¡¡— ¾­— ™— lot less freely across borders, particularly to countries which may need it most. What we’ve learnt ©˜œ—  ¥–— Ÿš™šª¦™¡— crisis is how complex  ¥–—Ÿš™šª¦™¡—–ª¢£¢ –œ— ¦¢®— š— ™— ž–˜©–ª — ­˜¡›¤— we would make it a lot more simple, but simple solutions aren’t always the right answer. Take something like a leverage ratio – if the intention is to have relatively simple banks, providing a ¾­— ©— œ˜ §™§–¢— to customers and funding to corporates – a leverage ratio regulatory solution actually works against that, even if it is a wellintentioned policy. And then the Do you think the level of debate is third issue is about high enough and informed enough on calibration. Even if the general direction '%”/'1+,‰*-Z%*ˆ,(,V+()*0%'&+V%0ž of regulation is correct, the calibration in ¥–— «–˜™¡¡— ž˜§˜™œœ–— ©— Ÿš™šª¦™¡— ¢œ–— ™˜–™¢— œ™£— š — •–®—  ´¡¡—  ™¬–— ¢œ–— reform is generally pointing in the right  ¦œ–¤—•¨ — —•–¡¦–«–—­¦ ¥—¢œ–—¦ –˜™ ¦š¢—­–— direction – making banks safer and more will get to workable solutions. ˜–¢¦¡¦–š — ¥˜¨§¥—•–<–˜—ª™ž¦ ™¡—™š›—œ˜–— One area which we’ve done quite a lot matching of funding; making it possible of work on is the issue of who is going that banks can fail so taxpayers never to fund long-term assets in society. So, if again have to step in in quite the way •™š¬¢— ™˜–— ›¦¢¦šª–š ¦«¦¢–›— ©˜œ— E–˜¦š§— they did; ensuring that the infrastructure long-term lending, then who’s going to works; and making sure that the rest of fund infrastructure developments such as  ¥–—Ÿš™šª¦™¡—¢£¢ –œ—¦¢—¢–š¢¦•¡£—›–¢¦§š–›® social housing? And to add to the problem Those basic objectives, robustly posed by bank rules, unfortunately the implemented, will make for a safer system. ¦š¢¨˜™šª–— ˜¨¡–¢¤— ª™¡¡–›— ¡«–šª£— ¤— ™¡¢— ¥–—™˜–™¢—­¥–˜–— —¥™«–—ªšª–˜š¢—™˜–Ñ—Ÿ˜¢ ¤— disincentivise insurance companies from that the interests of one national regulator making these sorts of investments. ª™š— •–— «–˜£— ›¦E–˜–š — ©˜œ— ™š ¥–˜— ¢— there is a risk of a much more balkanised Are you optimistic? Ÿš™šª¦™¡—¢£¢ –œ—­¦ ¥—¡™ª¬—©—ªš¢¦¢ –šª£—  — ›–ž–š›¢— ­¥™ —  ¥–— ɨ–¢ ¦š— ¦¢Ö— ©— ­–— in the application of regulations. Given  ™¬–—  ¥–— ¨˜ž–™š— Ÿš™šª¦™¡— ¡™š›¢ª™ž–¤— the relatively slow progress in some — ­™¢— ™˜§¨¦š§—  ­— £–™˜¢— ™§—  ¥™ — ­–— areas of international cooperation, it were in a Bermuda Triangle of sovereign makes sense for a national regulator risk, bank deleveraging and stress in to protect themselves. But while that

funding markets for Ÿš™šª¦™¡— ¢–˜«¦ª–¢®— Through the actions of policymakers, and partly just by the passage of time, over the last year we’ve started to head out of that Bermuda Triangle. —  ¥¦š¬— ­¥™ — [European Central Bank President] Mario Draghi in particular did around OMT (Outright Monetary Transactions) to try and stablisie the system was incredibly important because ¦ ´¢— «–˜£— ›¦6ª¨¡ — ©˜— corporations, let alone banks, to make decisions if they don’t know if the Eurozone’s actually going to exist in its current format. — —  ¥¦š¬— ­–´«–— got plenty of signs of rehabilitation, but it’s going to take some time. Economic growth is still well below the trends we § —¨¢–›— ®— —©––¡—œ˜–—ž ¦œ¦¢ ¦ª— ›™£—  ¥™š— —›¦›—š–—˜— ­—£–™˜¢—™§¤—™š›— —¢––— opportunities, but there’s a lot of hard work ahead. š—Ÿš™šª¦™¡—¢–˜«¦ª–¢¤— ¥–˜–—™žž–™˜— —•–— a lot of forces at work who aren’t really particularly well informed trying to shape something that’s incredibly complicated.

It’s completely appropriate for voters and politicians to be very clear about the objectives that they would like to see in +/012/30456+678+9 system, such as seeing bankers being punished for acting irresponsibly

Do we have to accept that it’s always going to be a grey area? The banking system needs to be safer and more resilient and the taxpayer should never have to put quite as much ¨ž—  — ¢¨žž˜ —  ¥–— Ÿš™šª¦™¡— ¢£¢ –œ®— — it’s completely appropriate for voters and politicians to be very clear about the objectives that they would like to see ¦š— ™— ˜–©˜œ–›— Ÿš™šª¦™¡— ¢£¢ –œ¤— ¢¨ª¥— ™¢— seeing bankers being punished for acting irresponsibly.  ´¢— ™¡¢— ™žž˜ž˜¦™ –— ©˜— ž¡¦ ¦ª¦™š¢—

and voters to hold the regulators more to account for their actions, but we probably do need to have technocrats and policymakers calibrate how best to meet the public’s objectives in redesigning  ¥–— Ÿš™šª¦™¡— ¢£¢ –œ®— š›— ­–— ¢¥¨¡›— •–— ambitious. There will be compromises and there will be disagreements, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t be relatively ambitious about how far we can reform. One issue which is not being discussed with enough vigour is the capital markets ¢¡¨ ¦š®— ©— œ˜–— ª™ž¦ ™¡— ˜™¦¢¦š§— ªœ–¢— from markets then less comes from bank balance sheets, the banking system becomes relatively smaller and safer. Social housing projects, for example, could go direct to the bond markets. Many more companies could go direct to the bond markets. That’s actually a more pluralistic, and likely to be a safer, system. There is strong evidence that without the •š›— œ™˜¬– ¢— ž˜«¦›¦š§— Ÿš™šª–— ›¨˜¦š§— the recent crisis, plenty more companies would have had issues than actually did. The issue is that it raises the question of who’s regulating the providers of •š›— Ÿš™šª–¤— ­¥— ¦¢— œš¦ ˜¦š§— ™š›— controlling the investment community? š—¨˜ž–— ¥–˜–—¦¢—™—¡ —©—ªšª–˜š—™•¨ — ­¥™ —¥™¢—•––š—ª™¡¡–›—¢¥™›­—•™š¬¦š§®—  — may well be that one consequence of the regulatory reform programme is that the banks are safer and sounder, but smaller, and that a lot more business is done outside the banks where it isn’t so well regulated. š–«¦ ™•¡£¤— ¥–˜–—¦¢—¢ ¦¡¡—™—¡ —©—›¦¢ ˜¨¢ —©— •™š¬–˜¢—•£—ž¡¦ª£œ™¬–˜¢®—  —­¦¡¡—½¨¢ — ™¬–— a very long while – possibly as long as a generation – for this to work through. The banks need to make money to make sure they’re stable institutions, but they also need to act as model citizens in terms of making sure they’ve got the right culture and are doing the right things. You have worked as a management consultant, have an MBA and studied politics, philosophy and economics. Has -Z+0*‰+&%,*Q/R*(*X+"%'%,-*2%'02%V-+&%*/,* investing? To be a good investor or analyst, you need to be interdisciplinary because you need to understand the macro environment, you need to understand what’s motivating the companies’ management, you need to understand £¨˜— ©™ª ¢— ™š›— Ÿ§¨˜–¢®— — ªœ¦š§— ©˜œ— an interdisciplinary background can help, but it’s more about making sure that you keep your curiosity as high as ž¢¢¦•¡–®—  ´¢— ¡™˜§–¡£— ™•¨ — ¥™«¦š§— ™š— open and inquiring mind which can help you improve the odds of any investment judgment. Your curiosity must be highly developed, because you have been prescient on a number of events over recent years. We’ve got some things right, but some things wrong as well. Where we’ve got things right is by questioning why something is the case. Why was Northern Rock growing as fast as it was? Why ­–˜–—  ¥–— ª–¡™š›¦ª— •™š¬¢— §˜­¦š§— ¡¦¬–— weeds? Why was there such a build-up of structured credit? You need to have the nose for a good story like a journalist, you need to have the forensic accounting abilities of a really ¥¦§¥¹ª™¡¦•˜–—Ÿš™šª¦™¡—™š™¡£¢ ¤—•¨ —£¨—™¡¢— then need to have the judgement of where Continued on page 66


66

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

EXECUTIVE EDUCATION

Higher Education: Still valuable, but changing Chris Uba chris.uba@mydailynewswatchng.com

Steenis

I

n an age of university-dropout billionaires and digital lectures, is higher education worth the ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¥Œ¢ ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Economic Forum in Davos weigh in. ÂĽÂ&#x2122; ´¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Œ £Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC; ¼Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014; Tackling that question requires weighing the social value of higher education â&#x20AC;&#x201C; widely considered a given good â&#x20AC;&#x201C; against the market value of the degree. And nowadays, the scales ¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;­Œ¥Â&#x203A;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â?EšÂ&#x2022;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;¢Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; United States, critics of conventional academe point to the US$1 trillion â&#x20AC;&#x153;student loan bubbleâ&#x20AC;?, as well as the fact that nearly 300,000 university graduates were toiling for minimum wage last yearâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;70 percent more than a decade ago. The rising popularity of MOOCs or Massive Open Online Courses has served as further ammunition for higher-education sceptics in the USA and elsewhere. Some argue MOOCs, which make knowledge delivered by star professors available to the entire globe for free, are the antidote to the bureaucracy and elitism driving up university tuition. Many MOOC proponents predict that digital alternatives will force academia to change in order to prove its value in the 21st century economy. The only thing that seems certain at this stage is that higher education faces an uncertain destiny. Case in point: Just Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;£¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x161;Â?¨Â&#x161;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Œ ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â?Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x153;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2014; Forum held a panel discussion entitled â&#x20AC;&#x153;Higher Education â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Investment or Â&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2013;Ă&#x2022;Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; in Davos, Switzerland. One of the Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¥Œ¢ ¢¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;¢¢Â?ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â?ŠÂ&#x2013;¢¢Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; of Organisational Behaviour Gianpiero Â&#x2013; Â&#x2DC;Œ§ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Œ¤Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Ă&#x2030;¨Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; some core pro-MOOC assumptions in an October 2013 post at Harvard Business Review. Disrupting the â&#x20AC;&#x153;disruptersâ&#x20AC;? Comparing the â&#x20AC;&#x153;disruptiveâ&#x20AC;? MOOC revolution to the kind of disruption colonialism brought to many communities and their cultures in the Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;¢ ¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013; Â&#x2DC;Œ§¥ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2014; ­Â&#x2DC;Â? Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201E;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;6Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;¨¥§Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; broader cultural trends, like the rise Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;¨¢ Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;Œ ŒÂ&#x2013;¢´Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¨ ¼Â?Â&#x2DC;Œ £¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; cult of technology as a surrogate for leadership, and the exchange of digital convenience for personal privacy.â&#x20AC;?  Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¥¤Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; the colonialism comparison. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I am a bit concerned about this optimistic idea of, Ă&#x201D;Â&#x2013; ´¢Â&#x2014;§Â?Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?¨Â&#x161; Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; educational capacity and give them Â?¨Â&#x2DC;¢Ž´Ă&#x;Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨¢ŒÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;¢¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;Â?Â&#x2DC; ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ª¨¥ ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2013;´Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; domains. Sometimes it works and ¢Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013; ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x161;´ ŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Ă&#x2030;¨Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; may help us to distinguish inadvertent colonialism from genuine capacity building is, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;does online education accelerate the development of a skilled, respected and reasonably paid class of educators in those countries or does it ¢¥Â?­Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?­Â&#x161;Ă&#x2022;´Ă&#x17D; Â&#x2013; Â&#x2DC;Œ§¥ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014;ÂŤÂŚÂ&#x2013;­Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; education as necessarily destructive.

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s punish irresponsible bankersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Continued from page 65

Petriglieri

One of the great things about education, when it works, is that it combines instrumental and humanistic aims. That it helps you get something done and it helps you become the person you want to beâ&#x20AC;Ś And when we lose that tension, I think we lose something

Since the current MOOC providers operate in alliance with established ¨Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Œ ŒÂ&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201D;Â&#x203A;΢Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x17E; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;´Â&#x2014; may be used as a euphemism for Ă&#x201D;ÂŤÂ&#x2122;¥¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x17E; ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;´Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ&#x2013; ¤Â&#x2014; he recognised the potential of online education, stressing the need for a â&#x20AC;&#x153;blended modelâ&#x20AC;? involving both traditional and online teaching. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Any institution not preparing itself for some sort of blended model is dooming itself to extinction,â&#x20AC;? he said. Higher education goes digital ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¥Œ¢ ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013; Â&#x2DC;Œ§¥ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2014; that a hybrid of traditional and digital Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;¢ Œ ¨ Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;´¢Â&#x2014; future. So what might this â&#x20AC;&#x153;blended Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂĄĂ&#x17D;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¥Œ¢ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x17E;ÂĽÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Koller, a professor of computer science at Stanford University and co-founder of online university course provider Coursera, hypothesised, â&#x20AC;&#x153;I think the delivery of content is going to be relegated to the online format, [so] Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?­Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Ă&#x; interacting with the material rather

 ¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ½¨¢ Â&#x2014; ¢Œ<ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; notes.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;The part in class is going to be the more cognitively challenging part where you really need a human there ­¼Â?Â&#x2014;¨Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014;­¼Â&#x2122; ´¢Â&#x2014;§Â?ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; can help guide the students through it,â&#x20AC;? Koller said. Sean Rush, president and CEO of ÂŁÂ?¨ ¼šŠÂ?ª¨¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;­ŒÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; emphasised that â&#x20AC;&#x153;there are multiple models, multiple ways of doing  ¼ŒÂ&#x161;§¢ŽĂ&#x17D;Â&#x2014;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¥¥¤Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201E; Â&#x2014; ­Â?¨¥Â&#x203A;Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014; want to have heart surgery from a Â&#x203A;Â?ª Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ­¼Â?Â&#x2014;  Â?ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201D;Â&#x2013;¥¥¤Â&#x2014; ´Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?ÂľÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ´Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;<ÂŁÂ&#x2014;¢Œ¥¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Ž´Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; ¼ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŹÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;¢Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013; ¼ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014; be said for the rigours of the academy around certain disciplines.â&#x20AC;? Z%*Â&#x2014;//1*)+,%*/Â&#x201D;*Z+Â&#x2030;Z%'*)%(',+,Â&#x2030; But what of the contention that higher education is failing to position its graduates to snag the plum jobs  ¼Â&#x2122; ¤Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;£´¥¥Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?EÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¢ ¨Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2022; Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;¥Œ¢ Â&#x2014; Ă ngel Gurria, secretary-general of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), acknowledged that â&#x20AC;&#x153;unemployment among youth with diplomas has increased because unemployment has increased generally.â&#x20AC;? However, Gurria said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;To those of you who have diplomas, I can tell you: The chance of losing your job is much lower than if ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;ÂŽĂ&#x17D; Â&#x2013; Â&#x2DC;Œ§¥ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;ª¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201E; Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x153;Â?¢ Â&#x2014; every country you can look at, unemployment of people with higher education is about half the percentage of people without college degrees.â&#x20AC;? But as the discussion drew to a ÂŞÂĄÂ?¢Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013; Â&#x2DC;Œ§¥ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161;Œ¢¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;¢ Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;<ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x201D;ŠÂ&#x2122;¥¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂŞÂĽÂ? Â?Â&#x153;£´Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; public debate. He argued that higher education â&#x20AC;&#x201C; whether it is delivered online or face-to-face â&#x20AC;&#x201C; needs to keep honouring its higher aim, to give graduates both work-related skills and means for self expression: â&#x20AC;&#x153;One of the great things about education, when it works, is that it combines instrumental and humanistic aims. That it helps you get something done and it helps you Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Ă&#x; And when we lose that tension, I think we lose something.â&#x20AC;?

 ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x; ¢Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x17E;¨ºº¥Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; sometimes you get it right, sometimes ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; §Â&#x2013; Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;§¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; Œ ´¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; you can see the wood for the trees and be humble if you make mistakes to ensure you change tack and learn from the mistakes. I like to think that if you are a sell-side Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;¥£¢ ¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;EÂ&#x2013;ª ŒÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂĄÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; smartest investors in the world. The standard for our team is: can we tell a smart, well-informed investor a thing  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;½Â?ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;¨Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â? ¢Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x153;Œ§¼ Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014; The mission statement hanging in our meeting room is to â&#x20AC;&#x153;help clients think or make money â&#x20AC;&#x201C; and preferably bothâ&#x20AC;?. So it is important to ask questions, but also not to be cowed by authority. There are any number of CEOs and chairmen ­¼Â?Â&#x2014;  Â?ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¨¢Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;§ŽÂ&#x2014; Œ ¼Â&#x2014; that kind of heavyweight pushback from the companies you cover, you need the courage of your convictions. ÂĽÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨´Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; done enough work so you make sure you improve your odds. You do as much work as is humanly possible to try and work out are you more likely  Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Œ§¼ Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;§Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014;¢ ŒªÂ&#x2014; with it. Did you have doubts? Every day one has doubts. As Keynes said, if facts change, change your mind. ÂĽÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2013;¥ŠÂ&#x2014; fresh and keep looking at problems in Â&#x203A;ÂŚEÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;£¢ŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2014; ¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?EÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;¥£¢ Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢ŒÂ&#x;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; services and the strategy of European banks. I then covered all the investment institutions, worked for Morgan Stanley and eventually came back onto the sell side, covering all the banks. Banks are always geared plays on the economies, but the overlapping sovereign and banking crises has meant ­Â&#x2013;´Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;§¥Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; with our economists and credit teams. ´Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x161;´ Â&#x2014;§Â&#x2013; Â&#x2014; stuck in a rut. That would be fatal. ÂĽÂ&#x2122; ´¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;¢ Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;´¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ª Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŹÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; day with the movement of the stocks Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ­¼Â&#x2013; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨´Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Œ§¼ Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;§ŽÂ&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2014; you have a buy on a certain stock and it §Â?Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?­Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŤÂ&#x2122;¥¨Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?¨´Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; every day with the realities of the price. Â?­¤Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;  ¼ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŹÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŹÂ&#x2013; ´¢Â&#x2014; §Â? Â&#x2014; it wrong, and it may have it wrong ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; Œ ´¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; numbers on the board â&#x20AC;&#x201C; did you get it Â&#x2DC;Œ§¼ ¤Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x161;§Ă&#x2022;Â&#x2014; $* R))%X* Â&#x201D;'/1* /,X/,* R0+,%00* School Strategic Review


67

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

JUST JUSTICE

Worries over increased paedophilias:

The law as a protector Ayodele Olalere

L

ast weekend, human rights activists held a rally protesting the relocation of Light of Hope Orphanage, owned by Pastor Olatayo Atunde, from its Akute Home to Ifesowapo in Ifo Local Government, Ogun State. It would be recalled that in April, 2013, Pastor Atunde was arrested by the police from Zone 2 Command, Onikan, following a report that he was allegedly sexually molesting some of the girls at the orphanage. The alleged sexual abuse was blown open by Projects Alert, headed by Mrs. Josephine Effah-Chukwuma, following complaint made to their office by one of the abused girls, accusing the pastor of sexual molestation. One of the orphans, 14-year-old Atinuke (not real name), who said she was brought to the Home at age two, had accused Pastor Atunde of sleeping with her since she was 10 years old, and many other underaged girls at the orphanage. “Daddy has been having sex with at least 10 of us. We are mostly between the ages of eight and 14. I reported to Aunty Hannah and when she challenged daddy, he laid a curse on me,” she had said. The discovery prompted the police to commence investigations into the allegations and subsequently charged him to an Ota Magistrate Court on a four-count charge. The case is ongoing. The Ogun State government also waded into the matter and ordered Atunde to stay away from the Home. The protesters carried placards with inscriptions such as ‘Atunde is a paedophile’ (sexually attracted to young children), ‘Close down Light of Hope Orphanage’, ‘Please save the Children of Ogun State’, ‘Why is Light of Hope Orphanage still operating’, marched from the Home’s new abode at Ifesowapo to all the streets in the area. At the rally, the Executive Director of Projects Alerts on Violence Against Women, Mrs. Chukwuma, who organised the protest, said the organisations received a short message (SMS) from the pastor intimating people of his relocation from his former Home at 2, Tunde Sebanjo Street, to its new home at 4/6, Ifesowapo Street, and invited them to the opening ceremony of the new Home. The Project Alert boss said it was unfortunate that while the accused pastor was still being investigated and the matter still in court, he was allowed by the Ogun State government to operate the Home. “Impunity must stop. It is only in Nigeria that a place that is still being investigated for an alleged crime is still operational. Two under-aged girls last year came out to say the owner of Light of Hope Orphanage is molesting them. The police at Zone 2 said Atunde has a case to answer and charged the matter to court but

Joe Odumakin (3rd left) and others at the rally Atunde is now on bail. I don’t know most cases, perpetrators of such acts what the Ministry of Women Affairs are always granted bail while few, if in Ogun State is doing. Why are they any, are later convicted. The victim is encouraging impunity? Why would left to bear the pain of the dastardly they send the two children who have act for the rest of her life. been in our care back to the Home? One of such was the case of a sevenThat means Ogun State, by its action, year-old who was sexually molested is condoning the activities of Light by three men, Kassim Mohammed, of Hope Orphanage. We cannot 43; Oluwatobi Daramola and James mortgage the life of our children. We Aniekan. Only one of the suspects, will not stop until the Ogun State Tobi, was in police custody and was government closed down the Home,” charged before an Ikeja Magistrate she said. Court presided by Mrs. E. B Daudu. Also, the Executive Director of While the rape victim ordered to be Women Arise, Mrs. Joe Odumakin, remanded at the Child Correctional, who was at the rally urged the state Yaba, Tobi was granted bail. government to conduct a public The incident generated hues and hearing on the issue and take cry as many people condemned immediate action the decision of the to close down the court by granting Home. bail to the suspect, “This is a height thereby raising the of impunity. The issue of whether Ministry of Women stronger punishment Apart from Affairs in Ogun State should be meted on was contacted on this paedophilias. Atunde’s case, issue but nothing Many nonthere have been was done. We must governmental several reports of not allow impunity. organisations have Our demand is the campaigning sexual molestation been immediate closure against increase in of young girls by of the orphanage. It cases of sexual assault is known as Light grown-up men, even with emphasis on the of Hope but it has law which punishes at times parents become ‘killer of offenders. or guardians, and hope.’ We also want According to the to demand that Nigeria Constitution, in most cases, anybody operating crime of child perpetrators of such the an orphanage should defilement is also be scrutinised punishable under acts are always before it is approved. Section 218 of the granted bail while We want a public Criminal Code few, if any, are hearing on this issue which states that: so that many people “any person who later convicted. will know what is has unlawful carnal The victim is left to going on, “she urged. knowledge of a girl Apart from bear the pain of the under the age of 13 Atunde’s case, there years is guilty of a dastardly act for have been several felony and liable to the rest of her life reports of sexual imprisonment for molestation of young life. Also, Section 218 girls by grown up states that any person men, at times parents who attempts to have or guardians, and in carnal knowledge of

a girl under the age of 13 is guilty of a felony and liable to 14 years imprisonment. It is a serious offence and the police will investigate and prosecute the suspect accordingly. In spite of the law, cases abound. Organisations as Projects Alert on Violence Against Women; Women Arise; Women Against Child Defilement, have expressed concern over the few cases of those convicted of such act. Though the number of cases reported might be a far cry from the actual incidents of reported ones, many of these organisations are of the view that perpetrators of child defilement should be handed stiffer punishment. “I believe that more measures should be taken by government to stop this trend of child defilement because it has become a cankerworm in the society. Probably, 20 or 25 years in jail will deter randy men from such act. The most worrisome is that the few cases that are reported, many of the offenders are allowed to escape punishment through perversion of justice. Most times, they do it in connivance with law enforcement agencies. If new law cannot be made to deter them, at least the existing ones should be allowed to run its full course. Atunde was able to open another orphanage because he was granted bail and is confident that he will become a free man at the end. At the last hearing, he did not come to court. You can see the kind of effrontery,” Odumakin said. According to a legal practitioner, Mrs. Funmi Adeniyi, “It is a sad thing. Whenever they arrest, they seem not to be saddened by their action because they know they will escape punishment and walk free at the end. That is why most victims are afraid of coming out to talk because of fear that if they do, the perpetrator might harm them. They know how hard it is for them to get justice, so they prefer to keep quiet and suffer in silence.”


68

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

JUST JUSTICE

Family of slain man cries for justice Â&#x2021;230(6$DOOHJHGO\NLOOÂś.HNH1$3(3¡ RSHUDWRURYHUEULEH H Hapless Nigerians have become endangered species in the hands of security operatives, sp es especially the police, due to ceaseless extrajju judicial killings. Some Nigerians affected b by the dastardly act are now crying out for tâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; protection while equally requesting justice. governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Such is the case with the family of Sunday Samuel, a tricycle operator in Ogun State, South West Nigeria, allegedly shot 0*+0:4+1.52/*,.5F&*,+)(.1GJKMPOLAKE SOKOYA reports.

I

f there is anything the widow, children and aged mother of Sunday Samuel alias Small Samuel still desire, it is justice! The family said they wanted total justice over the murder of their son, husband and father, who was allegedly murdered in ÂŞÂ?ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂĄÂ?Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;½Â?ÂŹÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;§¨Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Monday, February 2, 2014. The 34-year-old deceased was a native of Agbor in Delta State and an operator of a tricycle popularly called Ă&#x201D; Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;´Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;½Â?ÂŹÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â?ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; to have been out as usual that fateful Monday morning to fend for his family ­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2014;ÂśÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014;½Â?ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Security operational platform with the support of the military) drove into the area. Sunday Newswatch gathered that the security men had driven a van with registration no: KJA 971 AR into the area with Lance Corporal Adeshina Adeniran at the wheels, but it was gathered that it ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014; ­¼Â?Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;¨Â&#x2013;¥¤Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x161; ¥£Ž According to an eye witness named Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;Œ¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢ŒÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŹÂ?ÂŹÂ?¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢ Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; that faithful morning demanding for money from tricycle operators as usual, and it was Samuel that was charged with handing over the said amount  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ?Â&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;¨Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; over to claimed that the money was Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;­¼Œ¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2013;<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;§¨Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ­¼Œª¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;¢¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â?ÂŚÂ&#x161; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;ŒžÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢¼Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Samuel; he died instantly. â&#x20AC;&#x153;It happened on a Monday morning. Â&#x2014;  ¼ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŹÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;ª¨Â&#x2DC;Œ £Â&#x2014; §¨£¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; collect money from the tricycle operators as usual. Samuel had parted with an

Samuel, while alive

amount but one of the uniform guys was angry saying that the money was 500 naira shot and an argument ensued, but before anybody could intervene, the angered force man had released a bullet and Samuel died instantly,â&#x20AC;? Salami narrated. Another eye witness on the scene of the accident who was also a tricycle Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; Â?Â&#x2DC;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;¢ Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122;ª Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;¢Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â?¨Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; they have ordered to be given to them when they come around, not caring if the tricycle operators have money or not. Ă&#x201E;ÂĽÂ?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;ª Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;ŒŠÂ&#x2014;­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ones to run their budget, are they not being paid by the government? Samuel gave them money that fateful day but they said the money was too small; in ŠÂ&#x2122;ª ¤Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Œ Â&#x2014;Ă&#x201D;¢ ¨Â&#x17E;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;£´ŽÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; said the money was short of 500 naira Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â&#x2013;­Â&#x2014; Œ ¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¢¼Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?¨Â&#x161; Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;½¨Â&#x161;§¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â?Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2122;¥¢Ă&#x2022;Ă&#x17D;Â&#x2014; the man queried in anger. Albeit, colleagues of the late Samuel admonished government to intervene ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;¨Â&#x2013;¥´¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Ă&#x2030;¨Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;§Œ¢¥Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ?­Â&#x2014; hospitals and public morgues should handle such cases. According to them, it ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2013; ŒªÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;¨Â&#x2013;¥´¢Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x17E;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;§Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC; ¨Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; colleagues of the deceased told Sunday Newswatch that â&#x20AC;&#x153;we felt so bad that even his corpse was not deposited till around 1pm on that fateful day even Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢ŒÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2022;Â?¨ Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŹÂŽĂ&#x17D;Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ?Â&#x153;ÂŚÂŞÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; at the State Criminal Investigation

Wife and children of the deceased

Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;Âś ¡¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;§Â?¢¤Â&#x2014;Â?ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014;§Â?£Œ¤Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161; Â&#x2122;ª Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; suspect was brought to the state CID concerning the murder of one Samuel ¨Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢¨¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;ª Â&#x2014; could not be mentioned for security reasons but stated further that thorough investigation was still on-going to get to  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â?<Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ­¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ª ¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x17E;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; and what led to the death of the young man. Meanwhile, with the outcry of poor ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;­¼Â?Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161; ŒÂ&#x161;¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; to lose loved ones to the trigger of ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x17E;¢¤Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; ¼Œ§¼Â&#x2014;  ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;§Œ¢¥Â&#x2122; Â?Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;§Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x17E; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;§Œ¢¥Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ª¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;¾ Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;š½¨Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x161;Â?ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ?Â?ÂŹÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;ÂŚÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; in legitimate manners. ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;¾ Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;š½¨Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ­¼Œª¼Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; fast becoming a routine has remained Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¨§¥£Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2DC;Â?¨§¼Â&#x2014; which several families have lost loved ones and more so, bread winners. It could be recalled that around ÂŹÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x203A;¨Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â?¢Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2122;¢ Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;¤Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; motorcyclist who was allegedly shot Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â?ÂĄÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ÂŹÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x203A;¨Â&#x2014; Division, Lagos State.

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ÂŞÂŞÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x2DC; ¢¤Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;§Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¢ Â&#x2DC;¨ªÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â?¨Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x152;Â&#x17E;ÂŽÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; ½¨Â&#x2022;Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;6ÂŞÂ&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;§Â&#x2013;¢ ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2122;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ?¨Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; ­¼Œ¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?š ­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;  Â?Â?ÂŹÂ&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢ Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013; ¢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â? Â&#x2013;¢ ŽÂ&#x2014; This resulted into pandemonium as commuters and residents scampered ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;¢Â&#x2122;ŠÂ&#x2013; £ŽÂ&#x2014;¥¢Â?¤Â&#x2014;¢¼Â?Â&#x17E;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; shut for hours by owners for fear of the ¨Â&#x161;ÂŹÂ&#x161;Â?­Â&#x161;ÂŽ Eye witness report revealed that  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â? Â?Â&#x2DC;ª£ª¥Œ¢ Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; ŒÂ&#x;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¢ŒÂ&#x153;Â&#x17E;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013; Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2014; ­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; policemen stormed the area to impound ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â? Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂŁÂŞÂĄÂ&#x2013;¤Â&#x2014; ­¼Œ¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;¨Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; resisted arrest on the ground that the policemen visited the previous ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2014;­Œ ¼Â&#x2014;¢Â?Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; amount of money. The struggle between the cyclist and the policeman stirred the anger of another policeman on the team who Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x17E;Â?Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ª£ª¥Œ¢ Ž Same last year, armed men suspected  Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x2DC;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x2122;¤Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¥¢Â?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŹÂŚÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;­Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;½¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; at Abule Egba, Lagos State, Southwest ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂŽ Meanwhile, while the loss of Samuel is still fresh in the memory of his colleagues and family members, Â&#x2013;¢Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;Ă?Ă&#x2039;š£Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;šÂ?ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;­ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚ<ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; children, whose education at a nursery Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ¢ª¼Â?Â?¥¤Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŹÂ?ÂŹÂ?¤Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; now at a standstill, the entire family of Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;¨Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;½¨¢ ŒªÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; prevail over the murder of their bread winner who was unjustly murdered in cold blood by people that are supposed to be securing lives and property in the country. The questions to be answered if the allegations were true are: why should security operatives pose a threat to unharmed civilians who go about their normal day to day activities and duties legally? Why should they be funded, under duress by people who can barely fend for their families by means of legal livelihood?

Â?­Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¤Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;½Â?ÂŹÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¤Â&#x2014;­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;¨Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; was plying his trade before his untimely death, were generous enough to have bought a piece of land within the area ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;´¢Â&#x2014; ­ŒŠÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; This, however, might help the young family to stabilise with time. Though  ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŹÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;¨ Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;¨Â&#x2013;¥´¢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; family to have a sense of belonging and ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â? Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;ÂŤÂ&#x2122;ÂŚÂ&#x161;ÂŽ


Vibes NEWSWATCH

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

I never wanted to be a saxophonist – Kunle Ajayi


70

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014

ENTERTAINMENT

Tope Olukole tope.olukole@mydailynewswatchng.com 08082477041

I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t plan to be a saxophonist â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Kunle Ajayi His dexterity on saxophone and other woodwind instruments endeared him into the heart of many lovers of good gospel instrumental Gospel music. He has remained constant like the proverbial northern star in Gospel music circles. Pastor Kunle Ajayi is one of the most-travelled artistes in the country preaching the Gospel through music. Cornered recently in Lagos, he revealed his beginning and preparation for his 50th birthday to TOPE OLUKOLE. Excerpts:

What about musical your career? In 1982, I studied music lege of Education in Lagos at the College and later att the Royal College of Music, London.

d you see the music How did ministry? I believe the ministry of music hrist Jesus is powerful. through Christ Therefore, it must be taught and ated to both the young communicated d. While synthesisers and the old. uce a sound almost can produce equal to a real saxophone, lto, soprano, tenor whether alto, one, you must or baritone, hat was your beginning admit theree is nothing quite ng and hearing like seeing like? I wanted to be a a live saxophone. To phone is like mechanical engineer but me, saxophone my pastor, who is my father-in-the- a baby. I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t do any ness than to Lord, Pastor Enoch Adeboye, had other other business y praise God ideas for me through the ministration continually Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â?¨§¼ Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; with my woodwind. Descant recorder, and encouraged me Many said d you are to follow a full time ministry in music. really married rried to ophone. How did you receive the instruction? your saxophone. I never took the calling with levity. How true is that? Yes, you I also prayed about it and tasked God on what he should do for me and I canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t see me would serve him without looking back a n y w h e r e my all the days of my life. I used to have without serious lung problems as a child and I s a x o p h o n e . y in was told by doctors never to engage in Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s already m strenuous activity, which would cause my system o me to breathe heavily. Having seen and Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m so d Sax many miracles in the past, I trusted much used g God for my own miracle and started to carrying playing any woodwind I could lay my it about. hands on. God had healed me. I will T h e n , use my talent for God and to praise what are tthe he h Him as long as I live. challenges you both in t h e face bo and at home? ministry an God is always in charge of every situation in my life. No doubt, situatio there are many challenges. You canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t satisfy everybody but God is there to teach me great and mighty things. I gr give Him all the glory. For gi the home, God is more than th ¢¢¨6ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ¨¢¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â?¨§¼Â&#x2014; my wife stays in London m but no problem at all. b

W

Ajayi with a sax tturning i 50 years?? I feel great, I thank God for this t age because I never a knew I would be 50 kn years, not even 30 years, but today, I give all glory to the God Almighty for the journey so far in my life. How good is your relationship spiritual father, Pastor with your spiri Adeboye? I appreciate He is a father indeed! in God for his life. I wish him more

How

do

you

feel

Can you share a testimony with us? God has done so much for me. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m a bundle of testimonies, but the delay for 14 years by my wife to have our second child is enough testimony to ¢¼Â?­Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;¢¨6ÂŞÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; all situations. Delay is not denial but a challenge to be closer to God. Just knock on His door and He is ready to answer you even in the days of trouble.

Omoro Omorogbe, O others round off d discussion at Harvard

F

As the national director of music of the Redeemed Christian Church of God, are there any challenges from the church choir? My father in the Lord, Pastor Adeboye, is musically Pa incline and always ready to incl listen to our music and make corrections where necessary. corre We donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t just present any music in any of our ministrations. God always minister to us on what to do. Ajayi

abundant b d t life lif and d good d health. For my relationship with him, it is super cordial. A father in a million, cheerful giver and lover of God.

Omorogbe

ounder and CEO of Now Muzik Limited, Efe Omorogbe, is one of the panellists, who are currently discussing digital and media entertainment at the technology and media session of the 16th Annual Africa Business Conference of Harvard Business ÂŞÂĽÂ?Â?¥¤Â&#x2014; Â?¢ Â?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢¢Â&#x2122;ª¼¨¢Â&#x2013;<¢ŽÂ&#x2014; ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; programme ends today, March 2, 2014. With the theme â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Africa Accelerates: Equipping a Vibrant African Economyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, the conference recognises the need for Africa to change gears on its growth story and move beyond commodities led growth to focus on human capital development internally. The conference believes that the entertainment industry is a mirror of our culture thus the success and failure of this industry depends on the skills of the people working on stage and behind the scenes. Thus, the co-founder/director at 960 Music Group joined other panellists to discuss the latest movements in marketing and distribution on the continent and also examine the Â?Â&#x17E;Â&#x17E;Â?Â&#x2DC; ¨Â&#x161;Œ ŒÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014; generate to move Africa forward.


71

SUNDAY NEWSWATCH, MARCH 2, 2014 Bayo Ogunyemi bayo.ogunyemi@mydailynewswatchng.com 08094311491

Music&Classics

Remembering the prodigy, Ayo Bankole T

he rendition of Iya on an American radio station on July 21 was nostalgic. For, it brought with it mixed feelings of happiness and sadness. Iya, is the  Œ ¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ¢Â?Â&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ­Â&#x2DC;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ?Â&#x2014; Bankole, the prodigious and foremost Nigerian art music composer who died Â&#x2013;ÂľÂ&#x2122;ª ¥£Â&#x2014;Ă?Ă&#x201C;Â&#x2014;ÂŁÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;§Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;§Â?¢ŽÂ&#x2014; ÂŁÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014;΢Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; of the three songs, said to have been ­Â&#x2DC;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;  ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Œ¥¥¨¢ Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; in celebration of the prowess of his baritone friend, Christopher Oyesiku, yet another distinguished personality in the world of art music, who also happened to be a Nigerian. The other songs in this compilation are Ja itanna to ntan and Kiniun. Notwithstanding the dwindling fortunes of art music in Nigeria today, Œ Â&#x2014;­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x153;Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014; of personality like Bankole into the dustbin of history. Ayo Bankole, the Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014; ¢ ¨Â&#x203A;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨¢ŒªÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; prestigious Guildhall School of Music Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x153;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; He is also perhaps the most decorated of them all. Although in his works, he maintained a close link with European musical culture, he nevertheless employed African traditional norms in the treatments of his elements and motifs. Bankole was a master of tonality and chromaticism, who made use of simple Yoruba folk tunes and rhythmic Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;<Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;¢Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â?¢Œ ŒÂ?Â&#x161;ÂŽ His works which parade a strong Â&#x161;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;ÂŞÂĽÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ª Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;­Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ? Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;ž¨Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014;¢ ¨Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x161;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;ÂŞÂŞÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;ÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; to Akin Euba, one of his contemporaries, Bankole â&#x20AC;&#x153;was an extremely popular student at the Guildhall School and soon got together a choir comprising fellow students which gave performance of his composition, many of them in the Yoruba language.â&#x20AC;? He exhibited a lot Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;ÂŞÂĄÂ?¢Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;6Â&#x161;Œ £Â&#x2014;­Œ ¼Â&#x2014;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x161;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;¥Œ¢ ŒªÂ&#x2014; composers like Claude Debussy and Bela Bartok, particularly in his impressionist and folklorist approach to compositions. For his brief stay on earth, Bankole stood like a colossus in the Â&#x;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x153;Â&#x17E;Â?¢Œ ŒÂ?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014;ÂŞÂĽÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014;ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;¨ª ŒÂ&#x161;§¤Â&#x2014; music education, and musicology. He was said to have died before his genius came to full blow. Even at that, Bankole had transversed all the nooks and

Dr Albert Oikelome

The late Bankole crannies of art music, and put no one in Â&#x203A;Â?¨Â&#x2022; Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; ¨Â&#x161;žŒÂ&#x161;ÂŞÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; ÂĄÂ?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ŠÂ&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; land. He died before Nigeria hosted the glamorous, Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC), in February of 1977, but his work, FESTAC Cantata No 4, was one of the most celebrated compositions of the events. Despite acquiring fame and international recognition, Bankole returned to Nigeria to promote the cause of music at the grassroots. He started by organising trainings for young singers in high school and churches. He garnered talented young men and women for the purpose of exposing them to international standards and scholarships and became a rallying point in the community of arts music. Describing the contributions of Bankole to the development of art music in Nigeria, Dr. Albert Oikelome,

Euba

Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ª ¨Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ¨¢Œª¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2122; ŒÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC; ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x17E;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Œ £Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â?¢¤Â&#x2014; ¢Â&#x2122;£¢Â&#x2014; Œ Â&#x2014; ΢Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2030;¨Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;Â?¨¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; commendable. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Judging from the fact that his compositions span across various artistic medium such as choral (secular and liturgy), and instrumental, since he was actually brought up under a strict Christian faith, the complexities of Bankoleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s compositions made him compete favourably in the international scene.â&#x20AC;? He adds, â&#x20AC;&#x153;His early exposure to Western act of music fused into his background of African traditional, made him exemplary.â&#x20AC;? Oikelome agrees that while it is very Â&#x203A;ÂŚ6ª¨¥ Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2122;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚÂŹÂ&#x2013;¢Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŹÂ?ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s art music scene in Nigeria, it isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t impossible, â&#x20AC;&#x153;because talents are Â&#x2022;Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;¨¢¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; concept of shoes too big for anybody

to put on, but will rather say, Bankole ÂĽÂ&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x;Â&#x161;Œ Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; own time having been availed the best opportunities around at the time.â&#x20AC;? He also noted the environment in which Bankole operated was completely at variance with what we have today. Ă&#x201E; Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x153;¢Â&#x2014;Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŤÂ&#x2013;ÂĄÂ?Â&#x17E;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x161; Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;¨¢ŒªÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; musicology, the environment isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t the same, but we must give it to Bankole for his unalloyed dedication to art music and propagation of those traits of African music that were hitherto not known to the western world,â&#x20AC;? Okeilome concluded. Born in May 1935 to a highly musical ŠÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;ÂŚÂĄÂŁÂ&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;§Â?¢¤Â&#x2014;¼Œ¢Â&#x2014;ŠÂ&#x2122; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;­Â&#x2122;¢¤Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; years, the Principal Organist at St. Peter ¼¨Â&#x2DC;ª¼¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;½Œ¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â?¢Â&#x2014; ­¼Œ¥Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â? ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; also taught music for so many years at Queens School, Ede, then in Oyo State. Bankole went into Music early, became a chorister at the Cathedral Church of ÂĽÂ&#x2DC;Œ¢ ¤Â&#x2014;Â&#x2122;§Â?¢Â&#x2014;­¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;¢ Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2013;ÂŚÂŤÂŚÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; training from the late T. Ekundayo Phillips. While working as a clerical Â?6ÂŞÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ΤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â?Â&#x2122;Â&#x203A;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;¢ ŒÂ&#x161;§Â&#x2014; Corporation, luck however brought ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x153;Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; ÂŞÂ?Â&#x161; Â&#x2122;ª Â&#x2014; ­Œ ¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2014; Â?­Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;  Â&#x2014; was with Sowande that he began a ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014;ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â?Â&#x2DC;§Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;¨¢ŒªŽÂ&#x2014;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŹÂ?ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;0Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Ă&#x2039;Ă&#x2019;²Ă&#x201C;¤Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ¢ª¼Â?ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;¢¼ŒÂ&#x17E;Â&#x2014; of the Federal Government to study music at Guildhall School of Music Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; 0Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; ¢¨ªªÂ&#x2013;¢¢Š¨¥Â&#x2014; ¢ Â&#x2122;ÂŁÂ&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Guildhall, he moved to Cambridge Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Œ £Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂŞÂ&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x;Â&#x2DC;¢ Â&#x2014; Nigerian to study music in Cambridge, and won himself the organ scholarship Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2122;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ÂĄÂĄÂ&#x2013;§Â&#x2013;ÂŽÂ&#x2014;  Œ¥¥Â&#x2014; ÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x2014; Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â?Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014; Bankole obtained the fellowship of the Royal College of Organists. He was the second Nigerian to obtain this highest Â&#x2DC;Œ Œ¢¼Â&#x2014; Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â?ŠÂ&#x2013;¢¢ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Ă&#x2030;¨Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂŚÂ&#x;ÂŞÂ&#x2122; ŒÂ?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2014; organists. He also received a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship to study at the Â&#x17E;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2013;¢ Œ§ŒÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Œ £Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¥ŒŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x161;ÂŚÂ&#x2122;¤Â&#x2014; Â?¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;§Â&#x2013;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;¢¤Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Œ Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â&#x2122; Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂŞÂ&#x2122;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŹÂ?ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;ÂŹÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2DC;ÂŚÂ&#x2013;ž£Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122; Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;Â&#x2122;ÂĄÂ&#x2014; Radio Corporation of Nigeria before he Â&#x153;Â?ÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;  Â?Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;ÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2DC;¢Œ £Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; Â&#x2122;§Â?¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2014; music lecturer, a position he held until he met his untimely death. Thirty seven years gone by, the ÂĄÂ&#x2013;§Â&#x2122;ÂŞÂŁÂ&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014; §Â?Â?Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x2DC; Â&#x2014; Â&#x153;¨¢ŒªÂ&#x2014; ÂĄÂ&#x2013;0Â&#x2014; Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014; by Bankole rages. Some of his notable works are: Toccata and fugue for Organ, Three Toccatas for Organ, The passion, (based on the passion of Jesus Christ), Organ symphony for Drums, Trumpet and Trombone as well as three-part song for the Choir, Orisa bi Ofun Kosi, Yungban Yungba and Enikeni To Ba Gbe Ara Re Ga. He also wrote the three songs for Baritone and Piano, Kiniun, Iya, and Ja itanna Tâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ontan, Nigerian Suite for Piano, the Fugal Dance of Piano and an opera titled a night of Miracles and many others. ÂĽÂŚÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Â?Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014; Â?ŠÂ&#x2014;  ¼Œ¢Â&#x2014; Â&#x2013;6ÂŞÂ&#x2122;ÂŞÂŚÂ?¨¢Â&#x2014; ¢Â?Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; of African still dominate airwaves, churches and concert halls abroad, it is almost lost in his fatherland. The land which he used his music and energy to promote in his days has not honoured him by upholding the culture of art Â&#x153;¨¢ŒªÂ&#x2014;­¼Œª¼Â&#x2014;ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂŚÂŤÂ&#x2013;Â&#x203A;Â&#x2014;ŠÂ?Â&#x2DC;ÂŽÂ&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2014; ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;Â&#x203A;¢Â&#x2014; of Euba at the demise of Bankole in 1976, when history of concert and operatic music in Africa comes to be ­Â&#x2DC;ÂŚ<Â&#x2013;Â&#x161;¤Â&#x2014;  ¼Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; Â&#x161;Â&#x2122;Â&#x153;Â&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ÂŁÂ?Â&#x2014; Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŹÂ?ÂĄÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014; ­Œ¥¥Â&#x2014; feature prominently. We are lucky that ÂĽÂ&#x2013;Â&#x2014;ÂĄÂ&#x2013;0Â&#x2014;Â&#x153;Â&#x2122;Â&#x161;ÂŁÂ&#x2014;­Â?Â&#x2DC;¢Â&#x2014;Â&#x2022;Â&#x2013;ÂĽÂŚÂ&#x161;Â&#x203A;ÂŽ First published on August 4, 2013




    

        

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Aware of the dwindling fortunes of Nigeriaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s industrial sector, the Federal Government recently launched what looked like a revolution to match the South African dominance of the African economy, and make Nigeria truly the first and the largest in the continent. In this write up, WILLIAM ANAEBONAM examines the incursion of South African companies into Nigeria, and the benefit or otherwise to the development of the local economy.

 

  

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